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Aaaaeaiea

Aeaiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia aiaeeco iianaaeiaaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
?oeiaiaeeoaey. A iae ?anniao?eaathony iniiaiua i?eaiu e iaoiaeu ?aaiou
iaiaaeaea?a.

?aaioa eiaao iniaoth aeooaeueiinoue a aeaiiue iiiaio, oae eae nae/an
iniaia aieiaiea noaei oaeaeyoueny aii?inai iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey ?oeiaiaeeoaey n iiae/eiaiiuie.

Iniiaiie oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony aiaeec eeanneoeeaoeee noeeae
?oeiaiaenoaa, eioi?ua i?eiaiytho a naiae i?aeoeea ?oeiaiaeeoaee e auai?
iaeaieaa iioeiaeueiiai aa?eaioa ni/aoaiey iaoiaeia aicaeaenoaey ia
?aaioieeia. Oae aea iaiaoiaeeii naeaeaoue aiaeec noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa,
eioi?ua i?aiaeaaeatho a aeayoaeueiinoe aia?eeaineeo e yiiineeo
iaiaaeaea?ia.

Aeey aeinoeaeaiey yoie oeaee iinoaaeaiu neaaeothuea caaea/e:

?anniio?aoue, /oi i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ?oeiaiaenoai e aai iniiaiua
yeaiaiou.

Eaeeie ea/anoaaie aeieaeai auoue iaaeaeai ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeey
yooaeoeaiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa.

?anniio?aoue ?acee/iua eeanneoeeaoeee e iiaeaee noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa.

Naeaeaoue auaiaeu ii oi?ie?iaaieth yooaeoeaiiai noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa.

I?iaiaeece?iaaoue e n?aaieoue aeayoaeueiinoue aia?eeaineeo e yiiineeo
iaiaaeaea?ia.

Naeaeaoue auaiaeu ii ?aaioa

?aaioa iaienaia ia 60 no?aieoeao, i?ieeethno?e?iaaia 10 noaiaie.

1 ?oeiaiaenoai

1.1. Oi?aaeaiea e aai yeaiaiou

Ana oi?aaeaiea, a eiia/iii n/aoa

naiaeeony e noeioee?iaaieth aeoeaiinoe

ae?oaeo ethaeae

E. sseieea, ecaanoiue aia?eeaineee

iaiaaeaea?

N ?aiiaai aeaonoaa /aeiaaeo ciaeiii iiiyoea «oi?aaeaiea». Nia/aea iu
noaeeeaaainy n oi?aaeaieai aaoiiiaeeai, iicaea n oi?aaeaieai
iai?oaeiaaieai, oeie/aneeie e yaea?iuie ?aaeoeeyie, ?inoii e ?acaeoeai
?anoaiee e aeeaioiuo, a oae aea iiaaaeaieai ae?oaeo ethaeae. Oaeei
ia?acii, oi?aaeaiea iiiaiia?acii e nouanoaoao a ?acee/iuo aeaeao.

Yoi iiaeao auoue oaoie/aneia oi?aaeaiea, eioi?ia inouanoaeyaony iaae
anoanoaaiiuie e oaoiieiae/aneeie i?ioeannaie, iai?eia?, iiaea/a oaiea,
aeaeaeaiea iiacaeia e naiieaoia, ia?aaioea aeaoaeae ia noaieao.

Yoi iiaeao auoue ainoaea?noaaiiia oi?aaeaiea nioeeaeueii – yeiiiie/aneie
aeeciueth iauanoaa /a?ac ?acee/iua einoeooou, iai?eia?, i?aaiaay
nenoaia, ieienoa?noaa, aaaeiinoaa, ianoiua i?aaiu aeanoe.

Yoi iiaeao auoue eaeaieiae/aneia oi?aaeaiea, caeeth/athuaany ai
aiaae?aiee a niciaiea /eaiia iauanoaa eiioeaioeee aai ?acaeoey, eioi?ia
oi?ie?oaony ?aciuie iieeoe/aneeie ia?oeyie e a?oiie?iaeaie.

Yoi iiaeao auoue iaainoaea?noaaiiia oi?aaeaiea nioeeaeueiuie
i?ioeannaie, iai?eia?, aeaeaeaiey a caueoo ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.

Yoi iiaeao auoue oicyenoaaiiia oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e
yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth eiiia?/aneeo e iaeiiia?/aneeo
i?aaiecaoeee, eioi?ua aeaenoaotho a ?uii/iuo ioiioaieyo.

Iaiauay ana yoe aeaea oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, iiaeii naeaeaoue
auaiae, /oi oi?aaeaiea – yoi iniciaiiay oeaeaiai?aaeaiiay
aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea, n iiiiuueth, eioi?ie ii oii?yaei/eaaao e
iiae/eiyao naiei eioa?anai yeaiaiou aiaoiae n?aaeu – iauanoaa, aeeaie e
iaaeeaie i?e?iaeu, oaoieee.

Yeaiaiou, ia eioi?ua iai?aaeaia yoa aeayoaeueiinoue, ninoaaeytho iauaeo
oi?aaeaiey. Iai?aaeoaeue oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe iacuaaaony
noauaeoii oi?aaeaiey, eioi?ui iiaeao auoue eae ioaeaeueiue /aeiaae, oae
e a?oiia ethaeae.

Noauaeo oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe – oece/aneia eeoei, aeeaie
/aeiaae, /a?ac eioi?iai ?aaeecothony oi?aaeai/aneea ioiioaiey.

Oi?aaeai/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie niaoeeoe/aneoth
?aciiaeaeiinoue o?oaeiaiai i?ioeanna, e oa?aeoa?ecoaony i?aaeiaoii
o?oaea, n?aaenoaaie o?oaea, naiei o?oaeii, a oae aea aai ?acoeueoaoaie.

I?aaeiaoii o?oaea a oi?aaeaiee yaeyaony eioi?iaoeey. Any nia?aiiay e
iieo/aiiay eioi?iaoeey ec ?aciuo enoi/ieeia a ?acoeueoaoa oi?aaeai/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe aiaeece?oaony e ia aa iniiaa nicaeathony aa?eaiou
?aoaiee, oi anoue eioi?iaoeey, enoiaey ec eioi?ie iauaeo oi?aaeaiey
iiaeao i?aaei?eieiaoue eiie?aoiua aeaenoaey.

N?aaenoaaie oi?aaeaiey yaeythony ana, /oi aoaeao niinianoaiaaoue
inouanoaeaieth iia?aoeee n eioi?iaoeeae – io eiiiuethoa?ia, oaeaoiiia,
aaoi?o/ee e aoiaae aei i?aaiia /aeiaa/aneiai oaea.

Oi?aaeaiea ioiineony e eaoaai?ee oinoaaiiiai o?oaea, eioi?ue
inouanoaeyaony /aeiaaeii a aeaea ia?aii – ineoieiae/aneeo oneeee
(neooaiea, /oaiea, aiai?aiea, eiioaeoe?iaaiea, iaaethaeaiey, iuoeaiey e
oiio iiaeiaiia).

Ana oi?aaeai/aneea aeaenoaey ?acee/athony ii iacia/aieth, eiie?aoiiio
niaea?aeaieth, oi?iai e iaoiaeai inouanoaeaiey, ii noaiaie neiaeiinoe.

Neiaeiinoue oi?aaeaiey ii?aaeaeyaony ianooaaaie, eiee/anoaii e
no?oeoo?ie ?aoaaiuo i?iaeai, naycae iaaeaeo ieie, ?aciiia?aceai
i?eiaiyaiuo iaoiaeia, i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo i?eioeeiia. Neiaeiinoue
oa?aeoa?ecoaony e noaiaiueth iiaeciu i?eieiaaiuo ?aoaiee, iauaiii
o?aaoaiuo eciaiaiee, iieneii iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo iiaeoiaeii, a oae aea
ii?aaeaeyaony noaiaiueth iia?aoeaiinoe, naiinoiyoaeueiinoe,
ioaaonoaaiiinoe, ?eneiaaiiinoe ?aoaiee, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeii i?eieiaoue.

Oi?aaeaiea i?aaiecaoeeae yaeyaony iaeiei ec iniiaiuo aeaeia anae
niaieoiiinoe oi?aaeaiey. I?aaenoaaeyao niaie niinia aicaeaenoaey ia
i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa, eaeeo – eeai aeaa eee oneoa n oeaeueth aai
oii?yaei/aiey ia iniiaa iauaeoeaiuo caeiiia ?acaeoey i?iecaiaenoaa.

Oi?aaeaiea iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue ia oi?aaeaiea ethaeueie e oi?aaeaiea
aeayoaeueiinoueth i?aaiecaoeee. Oi?aaeaiea a i?aaiecaoeee yaeyaony
acaeiiioiioaieai iaaeaeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeai e iiae/eiaiiui aio ia?niiaeii,
iai?aaeaiiia ia aeinoeaeaiea ?acoeueoaoia aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiecaoeee.
Oi?aaeaiea niaaeeiyao ana /aeiaa/aneea e iaoa?eaeueiua ?ano?nu n
oeaeueth auiieiaiey caaea/, noiyueo ia?aae i?aaiecaoeeae.

Oaeei ia?acii, iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue ana iiea aeayoaeueiinoe oi?aaeaiey ia
aeaa /anoe: ia oi?aaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoueth e oi?aaeaiea ethaeueie
(noaia 1.1).

Oi?aaeaiea

Oi?aaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoueth Oi?aaeaiea
ethaeueie

Iiaeaea?aeaiea eiiiaoaioiinoe Eaae?iaay
iieeoeea

Oi?aaeaiea aiaoiae n?aaeie Eniieueciaaiea
oeaiiinoae

ie?oaeaiey

?oeiaiaenoai aeayoaeueiinoueth ?aaioa
?oeiaiaeeoaey

Oi?aaeaiea
?oeiaiaenoai

Oi?aaeaiea naiae ?aaioie e

eniieueciaaiea naiaai a?aiaie Oi?aaeaiea niaie

Oi?aaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoueth a?oii Oi?aaeaiea
a?oiiie

Oi?aaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoueth Oi?aaeaiea
i?aaiecaoeeae

Aeayoaeueiinoue, inouanoaeyaiay ia i?aeoeea

– eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue

– a?oiiiaay aeayoaeueiinoue

– nio?oaeie/anoai a ?aieao i?aaiecaoeee

– ioiioaiey iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie a?oiiaie

i?aaiecaoeee

?acoeueoaou e oeaee ?acoeueoaou
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie

aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiecaoeee nenoaiu i?aaiecaoeee

Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou ?acoeueoaou i?aaiecaoeee

ethaeae e oeaee eo aeecie eae /aeiaa/aneie
nenoaiu

Oi?aaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoueth, neeaaeuaaaony ec ieaie?iaaiey
aeayoaeueiinoe, iinoaiiaee i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caaea/, nicaeaiey nenoaiu
ecia?aiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiie ?aaiou e eiio?iey ca auiieiaieai caaeaiee.
Oi?aaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoueth ia iiaeao auoue oniaoiui, anee oi?aaeaiea
ethaeueie inouanoaeyaony iai?aaeeueii.

Oi?aaeaiea ethaeueie i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aeayoaeueiinoue ii ?oeiaiaenoao
ia?niiaeii i?aaiecaoeee. Yoa iaeanoue oi?aaeaiey iaiin?aaenoaaiii
naycaia n ?aaioie ?oeiaiaeeoaey. E aeaiiiio aeaeo oi?aaeaiey ioiinyony:
iaania/aiea nio?oaeie/anoaa a eieeaeoeaa, eaae?iaay iieeoeea, iao/aiea,
eioi?ie?iaaiea, iioeaaoeey ia?niiaea e ae?oaea ninoaaiua /anoe ?aaiou
?oeiaiaeeoaey.

Oi?aaeaiea o?aaoao aieueoeo oinoaaiiuo oneeee iacaaeneii io oiai, eaeie
iaeanoe iii eanaaony – oi?aaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoueth, ie?oaeaieai eee
ethaeueie. Oi?aaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoueth i?aaiecaoeee icia/aao no?aieaiea
e aeinoeaeaieth iaeneiaeueiuo ?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou. ?aaioa ?oeiaiaeeoaey
eiaao naiae oeaeueth aeinoeaeaiea ethaeueie eo ee/iuo oeaeae.

Aeey oiai /oiau oi?aaeai/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue inouanoaeyeanue oi?ioi,
iaiaoiaeeii auiieiaiea ?yaea oneiaee:

Noauaeo e iauaeo oi?aaeaiey aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue ae?oa ae?oao. Anee
iie ia niiaoo iiiyoue ae?oa ae?oaa a i?ioeanna ?aaiou, oi iie ia
?aaeecotho naie iioaioeeaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe. Oae, anee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue e
iiae/eiaiiue ia aoaeoo niaianoeiu ineoieiae/anee, oi iaaeaeo ieie
ia/ioony eiioeeeou, eioi?ua ieaaeoo ieioia aeeyiea ia ?acoeueoaou
?aaiou.

Noauaeo e iauaeo oi?aaeaiey aeieaeiu iaeaaeaoue naiinoiyoaeueiinoueth.
Noauaeo oi?aaeaiey ia a ninoiyiee i?aaeoniio?aoue ana eioa?anu iauaeoa e
aiciiaeiua aa?eaiou aai aeaenoaee a ?aciuo neooaoeeyo. Eiaaea a ea/anoaa
iauaeoa oi?aaeaiey yaeythony ethaee, iaeaaeathuea naieie acaeyaeaie, ia
neooaoeeth, no?aieaieai, iuoeaieai iie aeieaeiu eiaoue aiciiaeiinoue,
?aaeeciaaoue naie aiciiaeiinoe ia i?aeoeea. I?e ionoonoaee oaeie
aiciiaeiinoe ethaee eeai iiaeaaeytho naith aeoeaiinoue, eeai noa?athony
aeiaeoueny naiaai iiaiey.

Noauaeo e iauaeo oi?aaeaiey aeieaeiu auoue caeioa?aniaaiu a /aoeii
acaeiiaeaenoaee; iaeei – a ioaea/a iaiaoiaeeiuo eiiaiae, ae?oaie – a eo
naiaa?aiaiiii eniieiaiee. Aiciiaeiinoue noauaeoa oi?aaeyoue iaoneiaeaia
aioiaiinoueth iauaeoa, auiieiyoue iinooiathuea eiiaiaeu. Noaiaiue
aeinoeaeaiey o/anoieeaie oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe naieo oeaeae
aeieaeia iaoiaeeoueny a i?yiie caaeneiinoe io noaiaie aeinoeaeaiey
oeaeae naiiai oi?aaeaiey. E yoi ninoaaeyao oeaeoth i?iaeaio oi?aaeaiey
a oii neo/aa, eiaaea aai noauaeo e iauaeo ia naycaiu ioiioaieyie
nianoaaiiinoe.

Oaeei ia?acii, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi oi?aaeaiea iianthaeo
nii?iaiaeaeaao aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea. E anyeay aeayoaeueiinoue
/aeiaaea ioaeaeaaony a oi?aaeaiee. Aeaaiaea?y oi?aaeaieth ieacuaaaony
aiciiaeiie yoa aeayoaeueiinoue. *ai eo/oa inouanoaeyaony oi?aaeaiea, oai
auoa aa?iyoiinoue oniaoa. Io oi?aaeaiey caaeneo ?aaeueiinoue
i?aaeaeaeaiey ?acoeueoaoa, /aoeinoue e niaeaniaaiiinoue aeaenoaee
ethaeae. A oae aea caeioa?aniaaiiinoue /aeiaaea – o/anoieea niaianoiiai
o?oaea a iauai, ?acoeueoaoa. Aio ii/aio ia/eiay n ii?aaeaeaiiiai yoaia
?acaeoey i?iecaiaenoaa e iauanoaa, ana aieueoaa aieiaiea oaeaeyaony
oi?aaeaieth. Noaayony caaea/e niaa?oainoaiaaiey oi?aaeaiey, iienea iiauo
oi?i, ii?aaeaeaiea aiciiaeiinoae aai ?acaeoey, eniieuecoy n?aaenoaa
iiaie oaoieee, iaiaauaiey eioi?iaoeeae e i?i/aa.

1.2. ?oeiaiaenoai – ?aciiaeaeiinoue oicyenoaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey

?oeiaiaenoai ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie – aaaeiaeoay

ooieoeey iaiaaeaeiaioa – yoi eneonnoai canoaa-

eyoue ae?oaeo aeaeaoue naith ?aaioo

Iaecaanoiue aaoi?

A i?aaeuaeouai ?acaeaea iu ii?aaeaeeee, /oi nouanoaotho ?acee/iua aeaeu
oi?aaeaiey: i?iecaiaenoaaiiia, oaoie/aneia, ainoaea?noaaiiia,
eaeaieiae/aneia, oicyenoaaiiia. Aeey iaicia/aiey oicyenoaaiiiai
oi?aaeaiey a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ana aieueoa eniieuecoaony oa?iei
«iaiaaeaeiaio». Ii iaiaaeaeiaio ia i?inoi oicyenoaaiiia oi?aaeaiea. Yoio
oa?iei oiio?aaeyaony oiaaea, eiaaea oicyenoaaiiue noauaeo iieiinoueth
naiaiaeai, ooieoeeiie?oao a oneiaeyo ?uiea e i?eaioe?oaony ia aai
ioaeaeu e iio?aaiinoe, iacaaeneii io oiai, noaaeo ee ii naiae
iaiin?aaenoaaiiie caaea/ae iieo/aiea i?eauee, eee iao.

Aicieeiiaaiea oi?aaeaiey, naycaii n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth, i?aaieciauaaoue e
eii?aeeie?iaaoue niaianoiue o?oae ethaeae, iai?aaeaiiue ia aeinoeaeaiea
iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae, ia caaeneii io noa?u, a eioi?ie yoio o?oae
inouanoaeyaony – aiaiiie, no?ieoaeueiie e i?i/aa. Ooieoeey oi?aaeaiey
yoei o?oaeii ?aaeeciauaaeanue a iniiaiii i?aaenoaaeoaeyie aeanoe –
ainoaea?noaaiiie, aiaiiie, ?aeeaeiciie.

Oi?aaeaiea oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth a iiiaue/ueeo
?aaiaeaaeaeue/aneeo oicyenoaao, oae aea eae e ia ainoaea?noaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoeyo, a oneiaeyo eiiaiaeii – aaeieieno?aoeaiie nenoaiu,
nouanoaiaaaoae a iaoae no?aia n 1930-1990 aa. iaeuecy oa?aeoa?eciaaoue
eae iaiaaeaeiaio. Aai iaiin?aaenoaaiiua iauaeou – ?aau, e?anoueyia,
?aaioieee ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee – auee ianaiaiaeiuie, oi anoue
eo aeayoaeueiinoue ia auea i?eaioe?iaaia ia iio?aaiinoe ?uiea. A iaeeeo
oicyenoaao, iniiaaiiuo ia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe e ee/iii
o?oaea, ?aaoee?iaaiea inouanoaeyeinue eae naiioi?aaeaiea.

N i?aa?auaieai iaeeeo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo oicyenoa a aieueoea i?aaei?eyoey
iieiaeaiea eciaieeinue. Iniiaiay ianna oao, eai ioaeii auei oi?aaeyoue,
ieacaeanue iauaaeeiaiiie yeiiiie/aneie aeanoueth, enoiaeyuae ec
nianoaaiiinoe, a oi?aaeaiea i?aa?aoeeinue a iaeio ec aa ooieoeee,
aaeeinoaaiiui iineoaeai eioi?ie noae nianoaaiiee.

Ia?aiia/aeueii nianoaaiiee ?aaeeciauaae ana ooieoeee ii oi?aaeaieth e
eii?aeeiaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe ?aaioieeia naiinoiyoaeueii. Ii ?ino
ianooaaia i?iecaiaenoaa e oe?ieia i?eaea/aiea iaaiiiai o?oaea i?eaaei e
oiio, /oi nianoaaiiee iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii noae ioeacuaaoueny io
naiinoiyoaeueiie ?aaeecaoeee ooieoeee ii oaeouaio oi?aaeaieth.

Aeaeueiaeoaa oneiaeiaiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e oicyenoaaiiie aeecie
i?eaaei e oiio, /oi ia ana nianoaaiieee iiaee auiieiyoue
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneoth ooieoeeth, oae eae yoi o?aaiaaei ii?aaeaeaiiuo
ciaiee e iiuoa. Aa i?eoeinue ia?aaeaaaoue a ?oee iaaiiuo oi?aaeythueo,
eioi?ua auiieiyee oaea aeaa iniiaiua ooieoeee – oi?aaeaiea oaeouae
aeayoaeueiinoueth e i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai.

Oae iiyaeeinue nia?aiaiiia ?oeiaiaenoai (iaiaaeaeiaio) – a?oiia eeoe,
inouanoaeythueo a ?aieao i?aaiecaoeee i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneea e
oi?aaeai/aneea ooieoeee.

?oeiaiaenoai – i?ioeann aeeyiey ia iiae/eiaiiuo, yaeyaony niiniaii
canoaaeoue eo ?aaioaoue ia aeinoeaeaiea aaeeiie oeaee.

?oeiaiaeeoue (a aeciana) – icia/aao auoue niiniaiui canoaaeoue aanue
eieeaeoea no?aieoueny e auiieiaieth caaea/, noiyueo ia?aae
i?aaiecaoeeae.

?oeiaiaenoai eae aaeeiue i?ioeann iiaeao auoue, ?acaeo ia ioaeaeueiua
aeaenoaey e oaae ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Iie iai?aaeaiu ia aeinoeaeaiea
i?iiaaeooi/iuo, iia?aoeaiuo oeaeae. ?oeiaiaenoai iaiin?aaenoaaiii
naycaii n ieacaieai aeeyiea ia iiae/eiaiiuo, o/aieeia, ae?ocae e o.i.
Aioiaiinoue ia?niiaea neaaeiaaoue i?eeacai e ?anii?yaeaieyi
?oeiaiaeeoaey, ii?aaeaeyaony neaaeothueie oaeoi?aie:

Noaiaiueth iiieiaiey niunea ?anii?yaeaiey;

Niaianoeiinoueth ?anii?yaeaiee n eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie iio?aaiinoyie e
eioa?anaie nio?oaeieeia;

Eioaeeaeooaeueiuie e oece/aneeie niiniaiinoyie iiae/eiaiiuo;

Ee/iuo acaeiiioiioaiee;

I?aaiecaoi?neeo oaeaioia ?oeiaiaeeoaey;

Ea/anoaa ?oeiaiaenoaa;

Iioeaaoeee.

Iaeiei ec yeaiaioia ?oeiaiaenoaa yaeyaony iaycaoaeueiia iaee/ea iauae
oeaee, ia aeinoeaeaiea eioi?ie aoaeao iai?aaeaiu niaianoiua oneeey.
Ee/iua oeaee ioaeaeueiuo eiaeeaeaeia canoaaeytho iaiaaeaea?a eeai
auiieieoue eo aeey aeinoeaeaiey iauae caaea/e, eeai iiae/eieoue eo
aeinoeaeaieth iauae oeaee, eeai iie ia aeieaeiu iaoaoue aeinoeaeaieth
oeaeae i?aaiecaoeee. *oiau iiae/eieoue oeaee eiaeeaeaea oeaeyi a?oiiu
?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai i?eiaieoue anth naith yia?aeth, a eiiaaea e
aeanoue.

Aeey auno?iai e yooaeoeaiiai aeinoeaeaiey oeaee iaiaaeaea? aeieaeai
eii?aeeie?iaaoue ?aaioo e iioeae?iaaoue ia?niiae aeey auiieiaiey aa.
Eeth/ e iioeaaoeee ia?niiaea neaaeoao eneaoue oae, /oiau auai?i/ii
eniieueciaaoue oio aeae aicaeaenoaey, eioi?ue niioaaonoaoao eiie?aoiui
ianoiyoaeuenoaai, i?eiaiei e eiie?aoiiio nio?oaeieeo.

Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay iioeaaoeey o?aaoao ciaiee oa?aeoa?ia, oaiia?aiaioia,
niiniaiinoae e ae?oaeo ea/anoa nio?oaeieeia. Aeey iioeaaoeee a?oiiu
nouanoaotho ii?aaeaeaiiua i?aaeea e iaiaaeaea?o iaiaoiaeeii eo ciaoue.

Oaea/ii nicaeaiiay ?oeiaiaeeoaeai a?oiia (eiaaea ?ani?aaeaeaiea
ioeoeeaeueiuo aeieaeiinoae niioaaonoaoao ?ieyi, eioi?ua ea?atho ethaee a
iianaaeiaaiie aeecie, a ia neiiaoeyi iaiaaeaea?ia) ?aaioaao ?iaii, aac
n?uaia, e aieueoeinoai i?iaeai ?aoaao aac eiioeeeoia, caeioa?aniaaia a
eiia/iuo ?acoeueoaoao. Aiiaeooaaeaiiay aeaaiie eaeaae a?oiia aeiaeaaaony
iinoaaeaiiie ia?aae iae oeaee e n aioiaiinoueth i?eieiaaony ca iiaoth
caaea/o, iinoaaeaiioth ia?aae iae.

Oaeei ia?acii, ?acoeueoaou ?oeiaiaenoaa ecia/aeueii caeiaeaiu a nenoaia
aai inouanoaeaiey e yaeythony aeaaiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie iaiaaeaea?a.

Eco/ay oi?aaeaiea, iiiaea o/aiua iuoaeenue ii?aaeaeeoue noaiaiue
caaeneiinoe oi?ioaai ?oeiaiaenoaa io iaiaaeaea?a. Eaeeie ea/anoaaie
aeieaeai auoue iaaeaeai ?oeiaiaeeoaeue, aeey oiai /oiau i?aaiecaoeey
auea i?ioeaaoathuae. Aannii?ii, ee/iinoue iaiaaeaea?a ea?aao aaaeioth
?ieue a oi?aaeaiee i?aaiecaoeeae. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ioeaieaaao neooaoeeth e
i?eieiaao ?aoaiea, iiaeae?aao ia?niiae e ?ani?aaeaeyao caaeaiey,
eiio?iee?oao ?aaioo e inouanoaeyao iioeaaoeeth. Iiaaaeaiea iaiaaeaea?a
aai ioiioaiea e aeaeo e ethaeyi nicaeatho nioeeaeueii – ineoieiae/aneoth
aoiinoa?o ?aaiou. E yoi iiaeao auoue aoiinoa?a ia?aiciinoe iaoaa?aiiinoe
e aeaaea no?aoa, eee aoiinoa?a oaa?aiiinoe, noaaeeueiinoe,
aeia?iaeaeaoaeuenoaa e aeaeiaie aeoeaiinoe. Ianiiiaiii, i/aiue iiiaia a
aeayoaeueiinoe ethaie i?aaiecaoeee caaeneo io ee/iinoe iaiaaeaea?a.

A oeaeii aanue i?ioeann ?oeiaiaenoaa iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue eae i?ioeann
eniieueciaaiey oi?aaeythuei naieo ee/iuo ea/anoa e noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa. E
oaia?ue iaoa caaea/a – iiiuoaoueny ii?aaeaeeoue ineoieiae/aneee ii?o?ao
yooaeoeaiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey. E eo/oa anaai ia/aoue n aai ee/iinoiie
noi?iiu.

1.2.1Ee/iinoue ?oeiaiaeeoaey

Ee/iinoue ?oeiaiaeeoaey iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue a aeaea o?ao a?oii
oa?aeoa?enoee, eioi?ua ninoaaeytho: aeia?aoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee,
niiniaiinoe e /a?ou ee/iinoe.

Aeia?aoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee. E iei ioiinyony:

1.Aic?ano ?oeiaiaeeoaey. I?iaeaia aic?anoiiai i?aaeaea aeey
oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aaioieeia aunieiai ?aiaa, a oaeaea aii?inu aic?anoiiai
iioeioia aeey iaiaaeaea?ia a oao eee eiuo aeaeao
i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe nouanoaotho aeinoaoi/ii aeaaii. Oae,
i?iaiaey aiaeec iaoa?eaeia nia?aiiuo O. Eiii, n?aaeiee aic?ano
i?aceaeaioia e?oiiuo yiiineeo eiiiaiee ninoaaeyao 63,5 aiaea, eo
aia?eeaineea eieeaae ianeieueei iieiaea – 59 eao. Aio /oi aeoiaao i
aeaiiie i?iaeaia. Ee sseieea ecaanoiue aia?eeaineee iaiaaeaea?: «ss
anaaaea n/eoae iaeaiie i?aeoeeo, i?e eioi?ie /aeiaaea, aeinoeaoaai 65
eao, iu iaycaiu iacaaeneii io aai oece/aneiai ninoiyiey iaiaaeeaiii
ioi?aaeoue a ionoaaeo. Iu aeieaeiu iieaaaoueny ia iaoeo noa?oeo
iaiaaeaea?ia. Iie iaeaaeatho iiuoii. Iie iaeaaeatho ioae?inoueth». Eiuie
neiaaie, aic?ano – yoi ai iiiaii iiuo; ia oieueei i?e?iaeiay, ii e
nioeeaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea /aeiaaea, a oii /enea e ?oeiaiaeeoaey.

Iaeiaei ia neaaeoao aeoiaoue, /oi oieueei c?aeue aic?ano (a cia/eo e
iiuo) aeaao i?aai aai aeaaeaeueoeo ?ann/eouaaoue ia aunieee iino.
Enoi?ey iieacuaaao, /oi o ia/aea nicaeaiey e?oiiaeoeo eiiiaiee noiyee
i/aiue iieiaeua ethaee. A. Ii?eoa, iniiaaoaeth e iiiaieaoiaio
?oeiaiaeeoaeth anaie?ii ecaanoiie «Niie ei?ii?aeoi», a aeaiue
o/?aaeaeaiey oe?iu auei anaai 25 eao. E oaeeo i?eia?ia iaiaei.

Oaeei ia?acii, aic?ano ?oeiaiaeeoaey ia iiaeao auoue ie i?aeiouanoaii,
ie iiiaoie aeey oiai, /oiau yooaeoeaii oi?aaeyoue. Caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo
aic?anoii e yooaeoeaiinoueth ?oeiaiaenoaa oae e inoaaony ia
ii?aaeaeaiiie.

Iie ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Aeaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea i?eaeaeaao a iineaaeiaa a?aiy
ana aieueoaa aieiaiea ni noi?iiu enneaaeiaaoaeae, eioi?ua iuoathony
iauynieoue ?acee/ea iaaeaeo ioaeneei e aeaineei iiaaaeaieai a ?iee
?oeiaiaeeoaey. Iniaue eioa?an e iiiaeanoai ioaeeeaoeee a ?acee/iuo
ecaeaieyo iinayuaiu iiaeaee aeaineiai iiaaaeaiey. Yoi iauyniyaony oai,
/oi a aeecie nia?aiaiiiai iauanoaa o?oaeii iaeoe iaeanoue, a eioi?ie
aeaiueia ia ea?aea au aaaeiie, anee aeaaea ia aeaaiie ?iee. AEaiueiu
caieiatho iinou i?aceaeaioa, i?aiuea? ieieno?a, ?oeiaiaeeoaey e?oiiie
iieeoe/aneie ia?oee, aeeieiiaoa, aecianiaia e aeaaea ieieno?a iai?iiu.

Ii enneaaeiaaoaee ioia/atho, /oi a ioaeaeueiuo aeaeao aeayoaeueiinoe,
o?aaothueo io o/anoaothueo a ieo ethaeae cia/eoaeueiie ?a/aaie
aeoeaiinoe, aeaiueiu a i?enoonoaee ioae/ei aaaeoo naay ?iaei. Iiyoiio
aeaiueiu ?aaea noaiiayony eeaea?aie e i?iyaeytho iaeoth neeiiiinoue, /ai
ioae/eiu aeiaeaaoueny yoie ?iee. Yoi iauyniyaony oai, /oi ioae/eiu
iaeaaeatho aieueoae eiiiaoaioiinoueth a ?aoaiee a?oiiiauo caaea/, a oae
aea eo no?aieaieai iaeaaeaoue i?aeiouanoaii a a?oiia. Iniaia cia/aiea
eiaao iaee/ea ii?aaeaeaiiiai noaiaea?oa iiaaaeaiey i?eiyoiai a iauanoaa.
Io eniieieoaey ioaeneie ?iee iaeeaeatho e niioaaonoaothuaa iiaaaeaiea. A
aeaiueiai, aeey oiai /oiau e iei ioiineeenue, eae e aeinoieiui
?oeiaiaeeoaeyi i?eoiaeeony aeieacuaaoue naie niiniaiinoe e i?enouea ei
aeaeiaua ea/anoaa.

Enneaaeiaaoaee oae aea ii?aaeaeeee aua iaeii nouanoaaiiia ?acee/ea
iaaeaeo ioae/eiaie e aeaiueiaie iaiaaeaea?aie, a eiaiii, aieueoie
eioa?an aeaiuei e ioiioaieyi iaaeaeo ethaeueie. AEaiueiu i?aainoiaeyo
ioae/ei a aeaiie?aoe/iinoe ?oeiaiaenoaa, a, neaaeiaaoaeueii, e a noaiaie
i?eaioaoeee ia /aeiaa/aneea ioiioaiey. Ii, iiea iaeuecy n oaa?aiiinoue
ooaa?aeaeaoue, eoi aieaa yooaeoeaai a aeieaeiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey:
ioae/eia eee aeaiueia. Neeoeii iaaunie i?ioeaio aeaiuei – ?oeiaiaeeoaeae
ii – n?aaiaieth n i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaii ia yoii iinoo neeueiie iieiaeiu
/aeiaa/anoaa.

3. Nioeeaeueii yeiiiie/aneee noaoon e ia?aciaaiea. Aeaiiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee i/aiue aaaeiu aeey ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Yooaeoeaiue
?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai iaeaaeaoue ?aciiia?aciuie ciaieyie a iaeanoe
oi?aaeaiey e aeciana, niaoeeaeueiuo iaoe, naycaiiuo n aeayoaeueiinoueth
eiiiaiee, eiino?aiiuie ycueaie. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ?oeiaiaeeoaee
no?aiyony iaeaaeaaaoue ia oieueei niaoeeaeueiuie ciaieyie, ii e
yeiiiie/aneeie, th?eaee/aneeie. A iaoae no?aia iiauneeanue
iaiaoiaeeiinoue o ?oeiaiaeeoaeae a ciaiee eiino?aiiuo ycueia. Yoiio
niinianoaiaaei nio?oaeie/anoai iiiaeo i?aaei?eyoee n aiaeiae/iuie
eiino?aiiuie i?aaiecaoeeyie. E ?oeiaiaeeoaeue eae eeoei i?aaiecaoeee
aeieaeai a niaa?oainoaa iaeaaeaoue oioy au iaeiei iauai?eiyoui
aiaeeeneei ycueii. Iiauneeny eioa?an o ?oeiaiaeeoaeae e e
ineoieiae/aneei aii?inai oi?aaeaiey. Iiiaea ec ieo i?ioiaeyo iao/aiea e
noaaee?iaeo a i?anoeaeiuo caiaaeiuo oeieao aeciana.

Nioeeaeueii – yeiiiie/aneee noaoon /aeiaaea niiniaai ieacaoue
cia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea ia ?acaeoea iaiaaeaea?neie ea?uea?u. Eae caiaoee
O. Oeaeea? «iaeei ec iaeaieaa iaaeaaeiuo niiniaia noaoue i?aceaeaioii
eiiiaiee – ?iaeeoueny a naiuea, eioi?ay aeaaeaao yoie eiiiaieae». Ia
iiiaea ?oeiaiaeeoaee (iai?eia?, Oi?ae, sseieea) ia/eiaee naie iooue n
naiiai ia/aea, «n ioey» e iiei?eee aunieea aa?oeiu aeciana. Iiyoiio
iooue iaaa?o a iaiaaeaeiaioa ia caeacai ieeiio.

Neaaeothuae ninoaaeythuae ee/iinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey yaeythony niiniaiinoe.
Ana niiniaiinoe iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue ia iauea (e iei ioiinyony eioaeeaeo)
e niaoeeoe/aneea (ciaiey, oiaiey e o.i.). Iaeaieueoaa aeeyiea ia
yooaeoeaiinoue ?oeiaiaenoaa ieacuaatho iauea niiniaiinoe, oi anoue
eioaeeaeo. Aua a 60-a aiaeu aia?eeaineee eiaeono?eaeueiue ineoieia A.
Aecaee, ianeaaeoy a?oiiu iaiaaeaea?ia, i?eoae e auaiaeo, /oi ioiioaiea
iaaeaeo eioaeeaeoii e yooaeoeaiinoueth ?oeiaiaenoaa iineo e?eaieeiaeiue
oa?aeoa?. Yoi cia/eo, /oi iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiuie ieacuaathony iaiaaeaea?u
ia n i/aiue aunieeie eee ieceeie iieacaoaeyie eioaeeaeoa, a eiathuea
n?aaeiee o?iaaiue. Ii ana yoe aeaiiua ia yaeythony eaeei-oi noaiaea?oii
aeey eioaeeaeooaeueiiai iioaioeeaea. Eaeie-oi eiie?aoiue yooaeoeaiue
?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeao eiaoue aeinoaoi/ii ieceea ?acoeueoaou ii
i?iaaaeaiiiio oanoo eioaeeaeoa.

Aieaa iicaeiea enneaaeiaaiey, i?iaaaeaiiua O. Oeaeea?ii e A. Eaenoa?ii,
iieacaee, /oi ia acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo eioaeeaeoii e yooaeoeaiinoueth
?aaiou ieacuaatho aicaeaenoaea e ae?oaea oaeoi?u. E iei ioiinyony:
iioeaaoeey e iiuo ?oeiaiaeeoaey, a oae aea aai ioiioaiey n auoanoiyuei
?oeiaiaenoaii e iiae/eiaiiuie. Iaaeinoaoi/iay iioeaaoeey e iiuo
?oeiaiaeeoaey, neaaay iiaeaea?aeea aai ni noi?iiu iiae/eiaiiuo e
iai?yaeaiiua ioiioaiey n auoanoiyuei ?oeiaiaenoaii eiatho eae neaaenoaea
nieaeaiea aeeyiey eioaeeaeoa ?oeiaiaeeoaey ia yooaeoeaiinoue aai
aeayoaeueiinoe.

E niaoeeoe/aneei niiniaiinoyi ee/iinoe iiaeii ioianoe niaoeeaeueiua
oiaiey, ciaiey, eiiiaoaioiinoue, eioi?ie?iaaiiinoue. Ia noieo iniai
aeieacuaaoue e i?eaiaeeoue i?eia?u ia eiie?aoiuo ee/iinoyo, ianeieueei
aaaeiu aeey oniaoiiai auiieiaiey oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe yoe
niiniaiinoe.

Neaaeothuay oa?aeoa?enoeea ?oeiaiaeeoaey – /a?ou ee/iinoe. E /eneo
iaeaieaa /anoi oiiieiaaiuo a ?acee/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo /a?o ee/iinoe
ioiinyony: aeiieiaioiinoue, oaa?aiiinoue a naaa, yiioeeiiaeueiay
o?aaiiaaoaiiinoue, no?annionoie/eainoue, e?aaoeaiinoue, no?aieaiea e
aeinoeaeaieth, i?aaei?eei/eainoue, ioaaonoaaiiinoue, iaaeaaeiinoue a
auiieiaiee caaeaiey, iacaaeneiinoue, iaueoaeueiinoue.

?anniio?ei eaaeaeoth ec yoeo oa?aeoa?enoee a ioaeaeueiinoe.

Aeiieiaioiinoue eee niiniaiinoue aeeyoue ia ethaeae. ?oeiaiaeeoaeth
iaiaoiaeeii iaycaoaeueii iaeaaeaoue aeaiiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie, oae eae
o?oaeii i?aaenoaaeoue, eae iiaeii yooaeoeaii oi?aaeyoue ethaeueie, ia
ieacuaay ia ieo aeeyiey. Aeeyiea ia ethaeae aeieaeii auoue iniiaaii ia
oieueei ia aeieaeiinoiuo iieiiii/eyo, ii e ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iniaaiiinoyo iauaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey n iiae/eiaiiuie. Aeeyiea aeieaeii
eiaoue iniiaie ni?aaaaeeeaue iiaeoiae ?oeiaiaeeoaey e iiae/eiaiiiio.

Oaa?aiiinoue a naaa. Aeeyiea yoie oa?aeoa?enoeee iaiin?aaenoaaiii
io?aaeaaony ia iiae/eiaiiuo, eioi?ua a neo/aa oaa?aiiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey
iuouatho niieienoaea, iiaeaea?aeeo, caueoo, iaaeaaeiinoue, oaa?aiiinoue
a caao?aoiai aeia. Oaeei ia?acii, ii?aaeaeaiiue ineoieiae/aneee eiioi?o
iaania/eaaao e iiauoaao iioeaaoeeth e auiieiaieth caaeaiey. Iaoaa?aiiue
a naaa ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ia iiaeao aucuaaoue aeiaa?ea e oaaaeaiea e naaa
eae ni noi?iiu iiae/eiaiiuo, oae e ni noi?iiu ?oeiaiaeeoaeae ?aaiiai eee
aieaa aunieiai ?aiaa.

Yiioeeiiaeueiay o?aaiiaaoaiiinoue e no?annionoie/eainoue.
Yiioeeiiaeueiay o?aaiiaaoaiiinoue aeieaeia i?iyaeyoueny a eiio?iea ni
noi?iiu ?oeiaiaeeoaey ca naieie yiioeeiiaeueiuie i?iyaeaieyie. Ioiioaiey
iaaeaeo iaiaaeaea?ii e iiae/eiaiiuie aeieaeiu auoue ?iaiuie, aeaeiauie e
ia caaenaoue io ee/iie neiiaoee e nianoaaiiiai iano?iaiey.
Yiioeeiiaeueiay o?aaiiaaoaiiinoue neacuaaaony ia yiioeeiiaeueiii
ninoiyiee iiae/eiaiiuo. Iaaaoeaiue anieane yiioeee o ?oeiaiaeeoaey
iiaeao iiieceoue /oanoai oaa?aiiinoe o iiae/eiaiiuo, neaaenoaeai yoiai
aoaeao nieaeaiea eo aeaeiaie aeoeaiinoe. ?aaioieee aoaeoo auioaeaeaiu
ai?ioueny n nianoaaiiuie /oanoaaie, a ia n ?aai/eie i?iaeaiaie.
Yiioeeiiaeueiay iao?aaiiaaoaiiinoue iiaeao iiae?uaaoue eieaeae
?oeiaiaeeoaey a aeacao aeaeiauo ia?oia?ia. Ii iinoiyiiia iiaeaaeaiea
iaaaoeaiuo yiioeeiiaeueiuo ?aaeoeee, naea?aeeaaiea eo niiniaiu
iaa?iooueny iai?eyoiuie aeey ee/iinoe iineaaenoaeyie – iaa?icaie e
?acaeaathueieny ia eo iniiaa ineoiniiaoe/aneeie caaieaaaieyie oeia,
iai?eia?, aeia?oiie/aneie aieacie eee ycaaiiie aieacie aeaeoaeea.
Iiyoiio ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai ia?aoeoue iniaia aieiaiea ia n?aaenoaa
yiioeeiiaeueiie ?ac?yaeee. Niyoea iai?yaeaiey iiaeao i?ienoiaeeoue ai
a?aiy caiyoee oece/aneeie oi?aaeiaieyie, iauaiea n ae?ocueyie e aeeceeie
ethaeueie, oaea/aiea anaaiciiaeiuie oiaae. A ssiiiee aeey
yiioeeiiaeueiie ?ac?yaeee ?acaeaatho iaiaeaiu, ecia?aaeathuea
auoanoiyueo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae. Iiyoiio a iineaaeiea aiaeu niaoeeaeenou ana
/aua aiai?yo i iaiaoiaeeiinoe ?aoeeiiaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee
iaiaaeaea?neiai o?oaea, ioaaaeaiea aeinoaoi/iiai a?aiaie aeey
yiioeeiiaeueiie ?ac?yaeee ?oeiaiaeeoaeae.

E?aaoeaiinoue eee niiniaiinoue e oai?/aneiio ?aoaieth caaea/. Caeiaii
yooaeoeaiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa yaeyaony oi, niiniaai ee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
aeaeaoue yeaiaiou iiaeciu e oai?/anoaa a aeayoaeueiinoe naieo
iiae/eiaiiuo, a oaeaea iiaeaea?aeeaaoue eo ia/eiaiey.

No?aieaiea e aeinoeaeaieth oeaee e i?aaei?eei/eainoue – aaaeiaeoea
/a?ou nia?aiaiiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey. A oaniie nayce n ieie iaoiaeeony
neeiiiinoue ee/iinoe e ?eneo. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ia aeieaeai
inoaiaaeeaaoueny ia iieiaeia aeaea, aeieaeai auoue niiniaai ?eneiaaoue e
i?in/eouaaoue naie ?ene. Oi?ioee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue caieiaaony aecianii ia
noieueei ?aaee aeaiaa, (iie yaeythony aeey iaai iieacaoaeai oniaoa, a ia
n?aaenoaii iaiaauaiey), a, neieueei ec-ca iinoiyiiie iaiaoiaeeiinoe
eiioeaio?aoeee anao oinoaaiiuo niiniaiinoae aeey ?aoaiey aaneiia/iiai
eiee/anoaa ?aciiia?aciuo i?iaeai. Aecian aeey oi?ioaai ?oeiaiaeeoaey
yaeyaony iaiaoiaeeiui noeioeii e aeeciaiii aaaeiie aeicie aae?aiaeeia.

Ioaaonoaaiiinoue e iaaeaaeiinoue a eniieiaiee caaeaiee. Aeaoeoeeo yoeo
/aeiaa/aneeo ea/anoa iu iinoiyiii iuouaai a iianaaeiaaiie aeecie.
?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai i?aaeii/eoaoue neooaoeee, a eioi?uo iaiaoiaeeii
ianoe ia?niiaeueioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca i?eiyoia ?aoaiea.
?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai auoue ioaaonoaaiiui e iaaeaaeiui /aeiaaeii, oae
eae ii yaeyaony i?eia?ii e ieeoeaoai?aieai eaeaaeueiie ee/iinoe o naieo
iiae/eiaiiuo.

Iacaaeneiinoue. Aeaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea, ianiiiaiii, yaeyaony aaaeiie
ee/iinoiie /a?oie ?oeiaiaeeoaey, iaania/eaathuae aio oniaoiinoue
aeaenoaee a ?acee/iuo noa?ao aeecie i?aaiecaoeee. Eaeea au niaaou ie
i?eieiae ?oeiaiaeeoaeue io ie?oaeathueo aai ethaeae, eiia/iia ?aoaiea ii
i?eieiaao anaaaea nai. *ai naiinoiyoaeueiaa aaaeao naay ?oeiaiaeeoaeue,
oai aieueoa i?iyaeyaony aai iacaaeneiinoue. Ii yoi ia eneeth/aao
iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?eneooeaaoueny e iiaieth eieeaa eee iiae/eiaiiuo.
Aeaaiia, /oiau ?oeiaiaeeoaeue eiae naith oi/eo c?aiey ia aicieeathuea
i?iaeaiu, naia i?ioanneiiaeueiia e /aeiaa/aneia eeoei, a oaeaea
iiaeaea?aeeaae yoi naienoai a iiae/eiaiiuo. Ii /?acia?iay iacaaeneiinoue
?oeiaiaeeoaey iiaeao ia?a?anoe a naiiaeo?noai e aiethioa?eci.
Iacaaeneiinoue, ?aaeecoaiay oaeei ia?acii, niinianoaoao nieaeaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Iaueoaeueiinoue. Ii ?acoeueoaoai iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee aieaa o?ao
/aoaa?oae naiaai ?aai/aai a?aiaie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue cao?a/eaaao ia iauaiea.
Iiyoiio eiiioieeaoeeiiiua niiniaiinoe o ?oeiaiaeeoaey aeieaeiu auoue
aeinoaoi/ii aunieeie. Iiiaea aeaeiaua nayce, ?oeiaiaenoai iiae/eiaiiuie
ia/eiaaony n iauaiey.

A iineaaeiea aiaeu aeaaiaea?y i?iaiaeeiui ca ?oaaaeii ii?inai
iaiaaeaea?ia oaeaeinue auyaeoue ?yae oa?aeoa?enoee, eioi?uie iaiaoiaeeii
iaeaaeaoue aeey oniaoiiai aaaeaiey aeae a i?aaiecaoeee. Aeey i?eia?a
iiaeii n?aaieoue ea/anoaa ?oeiaiaeeoaeae, eioi?ua iaeaieaa oeaiyony a
Oeieyiaeee e ssiiiee. Eneonnoai iaiaaeaeiaioa aeinoeaei a yoeo no?aiao
aunieiai o?iaiy. Yoe aeaiiua ioaeii o/anoue ?inneeneei ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi,
eioi?ua ia/eiatho aiaae?youe iieo/aiiua oai?aoe/aneea iniiau a i?aeoeeo
oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ea/anoaa, eioi?uie aeieaeai iaeaaeaoue i?aceaeaio i?iiuoeaiiie yiiineie
eiiiaiee: yia?ae/iinoue, eieoeeaoeaiinoue e ?aoeoaeueiinoue, a oii /enea
a oneiaeyo ?enea; aeieain?i/iay i?aaeaeaeaiea e aeaeinoue; oe?ioa
acaeyaeia, aeiaaeueiue iiaeoiae; oii?iay ?aaioa e iai?a?uaiay o/aaa;
aani?eno?anoiinoue, aanei?unoea, eiyeueiinoue; niiniaiinoue iieiinoueth
eniieueciaaoue aiciiaeiinoe nio?oaeieeia n iiiiuueth i?aaeeueiie
?annoaiiaee e ni?aaaaeeeauo naieoeee; ee/iia iaayiea; aioiaiinoue
auneooeaaoue iiaiea ae?oaeo; niiniaiinoue nicaeaaaoue eieeaeoea e
aa?iiie/ioth aoiinoa?o a iai; oiaiea /aoei oi?ie?iaaoue oeaee e
onoaiiaee; caei?iauea.

Oaeoi?u oniaoiie aeayoaeueiinoe oeineeo iaiaaeaea?ia: oiaiea nicaeaoue
?acoeueoaou e aeaeaiea iiiai ?aaioaoue aeey eo aeinoeaeaiey; aeaeaiea e
niiniaiinoue ianoe ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca ii?o/aiiia caaeaiea e i?eieiaoue
?eneiaaiiua ?aoaiey; aioiaiinoue ia/eiaoue i?ioeannu eciaiaiee a
oi?aaeaiee eee eo eniieueciaaoue a eioa?anao i?aaiecaoeee; aioiaiinoue
eniieueciaaoue ioe?uoue niinia oi?aaeaiey, i?eaaonoaothuee
nio?oaeie/anoai; eneonnoai i?eieiaoue auno?ua ?aoaiey; niiniaiinoue
nin?aaeioa/eaaoueny ia ianoiyuai e aoaeouai; niiniaiinoue aeaeaoue
eciaiaiey, i?ienoiaeyuea eae aioo?e i?aaiecaoeee, oae e aia aa e
eniieueciaaoue eo; aioiaiinoue e aeeceei nioeeaeueiui acaeiiioiioaieyi;
aioiaiinoue e iauaio ?oeiaiaenoao; oai?/aneee iiaeoiae; iinoiyiiia
niaa?oainoaiaaiea e oi?ioay iauay ineoieiae/aneay e oece/aneay oi?iu;
oiaiea i?aaeeueii eniieueciaaoue naia a?aiy; aioiaiinoue e iioeaaoeee
naay e ia?niiaea; aioiaiinoue ?aaioaoue ai aeaaa oi?ioi iiaeaioiaeaiiiai
e i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ia?niiaea; aioiaiinoue e iieeoe/aneiio
?oeiaiaenoao; iaaeaeoia?iaeiue e?oaici?.

1.2.2. Eaoaai?ee iiaaaeaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey A. THeea

Iaeaieaa nouanoaaiiue aeeaae a eco/aiea aeayoaeueiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey a
iineaaeiea aiaeu aian Aa??e THee, eioi?ue ?ac?aaioae aeaayoiaaeoeaoue
eaoaai?ee iiaaaeaiey iaiaaeaea?a. Yoio nienie iiaeao auoue eniieueciaai
i?e iao/aiee iieiaeuo e ia?aiao/aiee iiuoiuo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae. Iiiiaeao ei
iiiyoue, /oi aeieaeai aeeth/aoue a naay i?ioeann oi?aaeaiey eieeaeoeaii.
?aaioa THeea iicaieyao iaiaaeaea?ai nicaeaoue i?aaeeueiue ia?ac
?oeiaiaeeoaey, i?in/eoaoue i?aaeeueiinoue ?acee/iuo aeaenoaee. E ana yoi
aeaeaaony n oeaeueth auaaaeaiey i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa ia ea/anoaaiii
iiaue o?iaaiue.

Aeaaiue aeoeaio ia i?iecaiaenoai.

Aeaiiay noi?iia aeayoaeueiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey aeeth/aao ana ia?ii?eyoey,
inouanoaeyaiua n oeaeueth oaaee/aiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e
yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna, a oii /enea e eiio?ieue.
I?eia?. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue a?eaaaeu i?ecuaaao iiae/eiaiiuo ia eiiaaea?a
auoue aieaa aieiaoaeueiuie, ia i?iioneaoue a?aeiaaiiua aeaoaee.

*ooeinoue, aieiaoaeueiinoue.

Iaiaaeaea?, /oiau nio?aieoue e oe?aieoue naith iiceoeeth, aeieaeai auoue
eneeth/eoaeueii aieiaoaeueiui e aai /eaiai, no?ia e iauaeoeaai. Ii
aeieaeai ieacuaaoue ii?aaeaeaiioth iiaeaea?aeeo ethaeyi, eioi?ua a iaai
aa?yo. I?eia?. Caiaoea ?anno?ienoai ia eeoea iiae/eiaiii, ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
i?iyaeyao iaeneioi o/anoey, e ii aiciiaeiinoe ?aoaao i?iaeaio.

3. Aiiaeooaaeaiea.

Niiniaiinoue eeaea?a noeioee?iaaoue yiooceaci o /eaiia eieeaeoeaa,
anaeyoue a ieo oaa?aiiinoue a nianoaaiiuo neeao, aaeioiiaeyoue ia
auiieiaiea ethauo caaeaiee yaeyaony a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a caeiaii oniaoa
anaai aeaea. I?eia?. Iie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue neacae iia, /oi aicaeaaeyaiay
iiith a?oiia aeecaeia?ia yaeyaony eo/oae ec oao, n eai aio i?eoiaeeeinue
?aaioaoue, a cia/eo oniao iiaie i?iaeoeoeee iaania/ai, o?iaaiue i?iaeaae
iiaueao ana ?aei?aeu eiiiaiee.

4.Iioaaea e i?eciaiea.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeao au?aceoue i?eciaoaeueiinoue ca ea/anoaaiii
auiieiaiioth ?aaioo, iiaeaaiaea?eoue ca iniaue aeeaae a i?iecaiaenoai,
au?aceoue oaa?aiiinoue a nio?aiaiee iiaeiaiiai ioiioaiey a aeaeueiaeoai.
I?eia?. Ia nia?aiee iao iaiaaeaea? neacae, /oi ii i/aiue oaeiaeaoai?ai
i?iaeaeaiiie ?aaioie e aeaaiaea?ai ca i?eeiaeaiiua aeiiieieoaeueiua
oneeey e aa auiieiaieth.

5. Aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ca aeayoaeueiinoue ia aeaai oe?iu.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeao au?aceoue naith i?eciaoaeueiinoue iiae/eiaiiiio a
aeaea iiaea?ea eee aeaiaaeiie i?aiee, eeai iiauoaiea a aeieaeiinoe, eeai
i?aaeinoaaeaiey aieaa aeaaii?eyoiuo oneiaee ?aaiou, eeai oaaee/aiey
a?aiaie ioionea e o. ae. I?eia?. Iao ?oeiaiaeeoaeue onoaiiaee aeaiaaeiia
aiciaa?aaeaeaiea a ?acia?a 10% io iany/iie noaaee ca?aaioiie ieaou
eaaeaeiio nio?oaeieeo, eioi?ue i?eaaaeao iiaiai eeeaioa.

6. O/anoea a i?eiyoee ?aoaiee.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?iaiaeeo eiinoeueoe?iaaiea n iiae/eiaiiuie ii aaaeiui
aii?inai aaaeaiey aeae a eiiiaiee, iicaieyao ei aiineoue ei??aeoe?iaee a
i?eiyoua ei ?aoaiey. I?eia?. Iie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iii?inee iaiy i?eiyoue
o/anoea a niaauaiee ii iiaiaeo eciaiaiey a?aoeea ?aaio.

7.Ia?aaea/a iieiiii/ee.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue ia?aaeaao /anoue naieo ooieoeee iiae/eiaiiui, a
niioaaonoaaiii ?ani?aaeaeyao /anoue ioaaonoaaiiinoe, i?e yoii /eaiu
eieeaeoeaa naie ?aoatho, eae iaeaieaa i?aaeeueii iiaeieoe e auiieiaieth
ii?o/aiiuo ei ?aaio. I?eia?. Iie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ia?aaeae iia i?iaeo
i?iaaaeaiey iiaea?iecaoeee iaeiiai ec o/anoeia i?iecaiaenoaa e
i?aaeinoaaee iia i?aai naiiio ?ac?aaioaoue iaoiaeeee aai inouanoaeaiey.

8. ?acuyniaiea ?ieae.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeiaiaeeo aei naaaeaiey iiae/eiaiiuo eo iaycaiiinoe e
noaiaiue ioaaonoaaiiinoe, iauyniyao i?aaeea, ii?iu iiaaaeaiey e ?aaiou a
aeaiiie i?aaiecaoeee, aeaao ei iiiyoue, /aai eiie?aoii ii oi/ao io
eaaeaeiai ec ieo. I?eia?. Iie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeiaae aei iiaai naaaeaiey
iauai ?aaiou, eioi?ue iia iaiaoiaeeii auiieieoue a ?aieao iiaiai
i?iaeoa, e iauyniee, a /ai eiie?aoii aoaeoo ninoiyoue iie iaycaiiinoe.

9. Iinoaiiaea oeaeae.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue oaeaeyao aieiaiea aaaeiinoe eaaeaeiai ec auiieiyaiuo
ii?o/aiee, iauyniyao iauoth caaea/o, aeaao ioeaieo auno?ioa auiieiaiey
eaaeaeiai ec caaeaiee, iaania/eaaao iaaeaaeioth ia?aoioth naycue.
I?eia?. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue nia?ae niaauaiea aeey ianoaeaeaiey iieo/aiiuo
eaio ia i?iaeaaee ia neaaeothuee ianyoe.

10. Iao/aiea.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue ii?aaeaeyao iio?aaiinoue a ia?aiiaeaioiaea e iiauoaiee
eaaeeoeeaoeee aeey naieo iiae/eiaiiuo. I?eia?. Iie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
i?aaeeiaeee iia iinaoeoue eo?nu iiauoaiey eaaeeoeeaoeee ca n/ao oe?iu,
ia /oi y ioaaoee, /oi i?eaeaony caeai/eaaoue ?aaioo ianeieueei ?aiueoa.

11. ?ani?ino?aiaiea eioi?iaoeee.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue aea?aeeo iiae/eiaiiuo a eo?na anao niauoee, i?ienoiaeyueo
a oe?ia, aeeth/ay naaaeaiey i aeayoaeueiinoe anao iiae?acaeaeaiee aioo?e
i?aaiecaoeee e ca aa i?aaeaeaie. Aeiaiaeeo aei naaaeaiey ?aaioieeia ana
?aoaiey, i?eiyoua aunoei ?oeiaiaenoaii, a oae aea eioi?iaoeeth i
i?iaaaeaiee iauanoaaiiuo aeoeee, ano?a/ e eiioa?aioeee. I?eia?. Iao
iaiin?aaenoaaiiue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iinayoee ian a ieaiu aunoaai
?oeiaiaenoaa i?iaanoe iaeioi?ua i?aia?aciaaiey a noa?a yeiiiie/aneie
iieeoeee oe?iu.

12. ?aoaiea i?iaeai.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue aa?ao ia naay eieoeeaoeao ii ?aoaieth aicieeathueo a
i?ioeanna ?aaiou i?iaeai. Yoo eieoeeaoeao ii aeieaeai aeiaiaeeoue aei
eiioea. I?eia?. Iaoa iiae?acaeaeaiea iieo/eei n?i/iia caaeaiea, ia
auiieiaiea eioi?iai aue aeai anaai iaeei aeaiue, ii eiaiii a yoio aeaiue
aeaia /aeiaae ec a?eaaaeu ionoonoaiaaee ii aieacie. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
i?eiye ?aoaiea a ii?yaeea eneeth/aiey ia iaeei aeaiue niyoue aeaoo
?aai/eo n ae?oaiai o/anoea e ia?aaeaoue eo a ?anii?yaeaiea iaoae
a?eaaaeu.

13. Ieaie?iaaiea.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue ninoaaeyao /aoeoth i?ia?aiio aeaenoaee ii aiieiuaieth a
aeeciue iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae (iia?aoeaiua ieaiu, no?aoaaee aeinoeaeaiey
oeaeae, a?aoeee ?aaio, n?iee eniieiaiey). I?eia?. Iie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
iiyniee, /oi iniaua ianoiyoaeuenoaa canoaaeytho ian iiaeaioiaeoue
eaa?oaeueioth oeiainiaoth io/aoiinoue a oa/aiea o?ao aeiae, a ia
/aou?ao, eae yoi auaaei iau/ii.

14. Eii?aeeiaoeey aeaenoaee.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue iaycai iaania/eaaoue /aoeoth eii?aeeiaoeeth iaaeaeo
?acee/iuie iiae?acaeaeaieyie i?aaiecaoeee, i?eaeaeaoue e yoiio i?ioeanno
iiae/eiaiiuo, iauyniyoue, ianeieueei aaaeia aeey i?iecaiaenoaa /aoeay
eii?aeeiaoeey ?aaio. I?eia?. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?ineaaeee, /oiau e iiiaioo
iinooieaiey a oeao iieooaa?eeaoia iai?oaeiaaiea ii eo ia?a?aaioea auei
oaea aioiai, a ia neeaaea eiaeinue au ianoi iiae aioiaoth i?iaeoeoeeth.
Yoi iicaieeei ia ia?ooaoue ?eoie/iinoe ?aaio.

15 Iaeaa/aiea ?aaiou.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue ieacuaaao iiae/eiaiiui iiaeaea?aeeo, niaaaeay
iaiaoiaeeiui nu?ueai, iaania/eaay aeiiieieoaeueiuie oaeianoaaie ia
?aai/eo ianoao, auyaeyao e ono?aiyao ?aciiai ?iaea i?iaeaiu, oaeaeyao
iiiaoe ec i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna. I?eia?. ss iii?inee naiaai
?oeiaiaeeoaey i?aaeinoaaeoue aeiiieieoaeueioth ia?oeth iaoa?eaeia, /oiau
ia inoaiaaeeaaoue i?iecaiaenoai a aeaeo oiai, /oi iany/iay ii?ia eo auea
oaea en/a?iaia, ia /oi e iieo/ee iieiaeeoaeueiue ioaao.

16. I?eaea/aiea eiinoeueoaioia.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeaea?aeeaaao eiioaeou ni niaoeeaeenoaie a ?acee/iuo
iaeanoyo e a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?eaaaaao e eo iiiiue, niaaoo,
eiinoeueoaoeee. I?eia?. I?e iieoiea iiaiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaeaoa iie
?oeiaiaeeoaeue ainiieueciaaeny niaaoii niaoeeaeenoa i niaianoeiinoe
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey n oaoieeie, eiathuaeny a iaoai ?anii?yaeaiee.

17. Iaeaaeeaaiea aeaaii?eyoiiai eeeiaoa a eieeaeoeaa.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeaeaao ana, /oiau a n?aaea aai iiae/eiaiiuo nio?aiyeanue
aoiinoa?a aeiaa?ey e acaeiiiiieiaiey, eiiia?aoeee e acaeiiiiiiue. I?eia?
iaiaaeaea? ii i?iaeaaeai nia?ae aianoa aanue naie ioaeae e i?aaieciaae
iaioeoeeaeueioth ano?a/o ca iaaaeii n oeaeueth aeaoue eaaeaeiio ec ieo
iiciaeiieoueny n iiaui oi?aiaui i?aaenoaaeoaeai eiiiaiee a iaeiii ec
?aaeiiia no?aiu.

18. Oi?aaeaiea eiioeeeoaie.

Eaaeaeue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai no?aieoueny e oiio, /oiau ecaaaaoue
ethaiai ?iaea eiioeeeoiuo neooaoeee a naiai eieeaeoeaa. Aeey yoiai ii
iiaeao i?iaiaeeoue ii?aaeaeaiioth i?ioeeaeoe/aneoth ?aaioo. Anee aea
ecaaaeaoue oaeie neooaoeee ia oaeaeinue, oi a?aiy ?aoaiey i?iaeaiu niiaa
eiaeeoueny ia iea/e eeaea?a. I?eia?. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?eaeae aeaoo
niaoeeaeenoia e ?aaioa iaae i?iecaiaenoaaiiie i?ia?aiiie. Iie, iaeiaei,
ia nioeenue a naiai ioiioaiee e iinoaaeaiiie caaea/a. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue nai
aunooiee a ea/anoaa aooa?a, iin?aaeieea, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai caaea/a auea
?aoaia.

19. Aeenoeeieeia e e?eoeea.

Ethaie oi?aaeythuee a naiae aeayoaeueiinoe noaeeeaaaony n neooaoeeyie,
eiaaea iaiaoiaeeii ainnoaiiaeoue iioaoioaoothny aeenoeeieeio,
iie?eoeeiaaoue iiae/eiaiiuo ca iaaeia?iniaanoiinoue, ia?ooaiea
eino?oeoeee, iaea/anoaaiiue o?oae. Aeenoeeieeia?iuie aicaeaenoaeyie
iiaoo auoue ioeoeeaeueiia i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea, eeoaiea i?aiee, iiieaeaiea
a aeieaeiinoe, oaieueiaiea. I?eia?. Iie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aue iai?/ai oai,
/oi iaeei ec iieo eieeaa a i/a?aaeiie ?ac aeiionoee iaeio e oo aea
iieioiinoue. Ii i?aaeoi?aaeee iiae/eiaiiiai, /oiau ai?aaeue oio
ioiineeny e caaeaieyi aieaa aieiaoaeueii.

Oaeei ia?acii, ?aaioa THeea iicaieyao i?ineaaeeoue aieueoia aeeyiea,
eioi?ia ieacuaaao aeayoaeueiinoue ?oeiaiaeeoaey ia iiae/eiaiiuo,
aoiinoa?o a eieeaeoeaa e ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou.

Iu ?anniio?aee e ioeaieee aeinoaoi/ii aieueoie ia?a/aiue ?aciiia?aciuo
ee/iuo oa?aeoa?enoee ?oeiaiaeeoaey, eioi?ua niinianoaotho yooaeoeaiinoe
aai ?aaiou. Ii aeey oniaoa a ?aaioa ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ia aeieaeai
iaeaaeaoue anaie yoeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iaeiia?aiaiii. Aeey eo/oaai
?oeiaiaenoaa iaiaoiaeei eaeie – oi ii?aaeaeaiiue ieieioi. Ii, /oi
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie yoio ieieioi, ec eaeeo eiie?aoii ee/iinoiuo
iniaaiiinoae ii aeieaeai ninoiyoue – neacaoue o?oaeii eee iaaiciiaeii.
Eaaeaeue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue nai aeieaeai naeaeaoue auai?, o/eouaay naie
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua niiniaiinoe e niaoeeoeeo noiyueo ia?aae iei
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo caaea/.

1.2.3. Noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa

Noeeue – iaeaaeaea iunee

*anoa?oeeae

Neaaeothuae ninoaaiie /anoueth e aeaaiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie yooaeoeaiinoe
?oeiaiaenoaa yaeyaony noeeue oi?aaeaiey, eioi?ue i?eiaiyao a naiae
?aaioa iaiaaeaea?. Eco/aiea noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa aaaeaony ineoieiaaie oaea
aieaa iieoaaea. Enneaaeiaaoaee iaeiieee e ianoiyuaio a?aiaie iaiaeue
iaoa?eae ii aeaiiie i?iaeaia.

Eaaeaeue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue a i?ioeanna oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe
auiieiyao naie iaycaiiinoe a naienoaaiiii oieueei aio noeea. Noeeue
?oeiaiaenoaa au?aaeaaony a oii, eaeeie i?eaiaie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
iiaoaeaeaao eieeaeoea e eieoeeaoeaiiio e oai?/aneiio iiaeoiaeo e
auiieiaieth aiceiaeaiiuo ia iaai iaycaiiinoae, eae eiio?iee?oao
?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe iiae/eiaiiuo. I?eiyoue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa
iiaeao neoaeeoue oa?aeoa?enoeeie ea/anoaa aeayoaeueiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey,
aai niiniaiinoe iaania/eaaoue yooaeoeaioth oi?aaeai/aneoth
aeayoaeueiinoue, a oae aea nicaeaaaoue a eieeaeoeaa iniaoth aoiinoa?o,
niinianoaothuoth ?acaeoeth aeaaii?eyoiuo acaeiiioiioaiee e iiaaaeaiey.
Noaiaiue, aei eioi?ie oi?aaeythuee aeaeaae?oao naie iieiiii/ey, oeiu
aeanoe, eniieuecoaiua ei, e aai caaioa, i?aaeaea anaai i /aeiaa/aneeo
ioiioaieyo eee, i?aaeaea anaai, i auiieiaiee caaea/e – ana io?aaeaao
noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa aeaiiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey.

Noeeue ioee/aaony onoie/eainoueth, eioi?ay i?iyaeyaony a /anoii
i?eiaiaiee ?aciuo i?eaiia oi?aaeaiey. Ii yoa onoie/eainoue
ioiineoaeueia, oae eae noeeth iau/ii oa?aeoa?ai aeeiaieci. I?aaeeueii
au?aaioaiiue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa niioaaonoaothuee neiaeeaoeeny neooaoeee
niiniaai i?aiaeieaoue, eacaeinue au, iai?aiaeieeiua i?aiyonoaey. E ii
i?eaaaeao nenoaio e iaiaeeaeaiii aunieei eiia/iui ?acoeueoaoai. Noeeue
?oeiaiaenoaa ai iiiaii ii?aaeaeyaony eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie ea/anoaaie
?oeiaiaeyuaai eeoea. Ii i?e anae eo cia/eiinoe iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoe ia
eneeth/atho ae?oaea eiiiiiaiou, oi?ie?othuea noeeue oi?aaeaiey.
Eiiiiiaiou yoe ninoaaeytho noauaeoeaiue yeaiaio noeey, ii noeeue anaaaea
eiaao e iauoth iauaeoeaioth iniiao.

Iauaeoeaii, eaeie au noeeue ia aue eca?ai ?oeiaiaeeoaeai, aai auai?
ii?aaeaeyaony niciaoaeueiie oeaeueth, eioi?ay oa?aeoa?ecoao niinia e
iaoiae aai aeaenoaee. E?iia yoiai nouanoaotho e ae?oaea iauaeoeaiua
eiiiiiaiou noeey. E iei ioiinyony: caeiiiia?iinoue oi?aaeaiey;
niaoeeoeea noa?u eiie?aoiie aeayoaeueiinoe; aaeeiua o?aaiaaiey,
i?aaeuyaeyaiua e ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi; nioeeaeueii – ineoieiae/aneea /a?ou
eniieieoaeae (aic?ano, iie, eaaeeoeeaoeey, i?ioanney, eioa?anu e
iio?aaiinoe e i?.); o?iaaiue ea?a?oee oi?aaeaiey; niiniau e i?eaiu
oi?aaeaiey, eniieuecoaiua auoanoiyueie ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie. Aeaiiua
iauaeoeaiua neaaaaiua noeey iieacuaatho ni/aoaiea a aeayoaeueiinoe
?oeiaiaeeoaey, i?iecaiaenoaaiiie ooieoeee e ooieoeee ?aaoee?iaaiey
acaeiiioiioaiee a eieeaeoeaa, oa?aeoa? neiaeeaoeony a iae o?aaeeoeee e
i?eaiia iauaiey, a oai naiui e noeeue ?aaiou.

Ethaay oi?aaeai/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue eiaao e noauaeoeaioth iniiao.
?oeiaiaeeoaeue, i?aaeaea /ai i?eiyoue eaeia – eeai ?aoaiea nia/aea
iuneaiii i?iaeoiuaaao ana aiciiaeiua niiniau aicaeaenoaey ia
iiae/eiaiiuo e auae?aao a caaeneiinoe io neooaoeee iaeaieaa ia aai
acaeyae oeaeaniia?aciua. E, ianiio?y ia oi, /oi iaycaiiinoe
?oeiaiaeeoaey i?aaeienuaathony aeieaeiinoiie eino?oeoeeae, noeeue ?aaiou
eiaao ioia/aoie iaiiaoi?eiie ee/iinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Eiaiii a noeea
?oeiaiaeeoaey i?iyaeythony aai ee/iua ea/anoaa, eioi?ua ianeieueei
eciaiythony a caaeneiinoe io iniaaiiinoae e iio?aaiinoae eieeaeoeaa.
Neeueiia aicaeaenoaea ia noeeue ieacuaatho eioaeeaeo e eoeueoo?a
?oeiaiaeeoaey, o?iaaiue i?ioanneiiaeueiie e iieeoe/aneie iiaeaioiaee,
iniaaiiinoe oa?aeoa?a e oaiia?aiaio, i?aanoaaiiua oeaiiinoe
?oeiaiaeeoaey, oiaiea aieiaoaeueii ioiineony e iiae/eiaiiui,
niiniaiinoue aanoe ca niaie eieeaeoea, nicaeaaaoue aoiinoa?o
oaea/aiiinoe ?aaioie, iaoa?ieiinoe e iaaeinoaoeai e ?aaiiaeooeth.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, a noeea ?oeiaiaenoaa auaeaeytho, n iaeiie noi?iiu, aai
iauoth iauaeoeaioth iniiao, a n ae?oaie noi?iiu, i?enouea aeaiiiio
?oeiaiaeeoaeth niiniau e i?eaiu inouanoaeaiey oi?aaeai/aneeo ooieoeee.
Iauaeoeaiay ninoaaeythuay noeey ii?aaeaeyaony niaieoiiinoueth
nioeeaeueiuo e yeiiiie/aneeo o?aaiaaiee e ?oeiaiaeyuae aeayoaeueiinoe.
Noauaeoeaiua eiiiiiaiou oa?aeoa?ecothony /a?oaie ee/iinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey.
Ii anee a noeea iaeuecy /aoei auaeaeeoue aai iauaeoeaioth iniiao, oi
ieeaeea, aeaaea naiua i?ae?aniua, ea/anoaa ?oeiaiaeeoaey ia niiniaiu
iaania/eoue oniao aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiecaoeee.

Iiaeii auaeaeeoue iniiaiua oaeoi?u, oa?aeoa?ecothuea noeeue
?oeiaiaenoaa:

O?aaiaaiey, i?aaeuyaeyaiua e ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi a ioiioaiee eo
eiiiaoaioiinoe, aeaeiaeoinoe, ioaaonoaaiiinoe, ee/iuo ea/anoa,
i?aanoaaiiinoe, oa?aeoa?a, oaiia?aiaioa e i?.;

Niaoeeoeea nenoaiu – aa oeaee e caaea/e, oi?aaeai/aneea no?oeoo?u e
oaoiieiaey oi?aaeaiey, ooieoeee ?oeiaiaeeoaey;

Ie?oaeathuay i?iecaiaenoaaiiay n?aaea – oaoiieiae/aneee o?iaaiue
i?iecaiaenoaa, oi?ia i?aaiecaoeee o?oaea, iaania/aiiinoue iaoa?eaeueiuie
?ano?naie e o. i.;

Iniaaiiinoe ?oeiaiaeeiiai eieeaeoeaa – aai no?oeoo?a e o?iaaiue
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe, oa?aeoa? neiaeeaoeony a iai acaeiiioiioaiee, aai
o?aaeeoeee e oeaiiinoe.

Noeeue ?aaiou ii?aaeaeyao ia oieueei aeayoaeueiinoue ?oeiaiaeeoaey, ii
iaiin?aaenoaaiii neacuaaaony ia anao noi?iiao aeayoaeueiinoe nenoaiu e
iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia iiae/eiaiiuo.

Oaeei ia?acii, eaaeaeay i?aaiecaoeey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oieeaeueioth
eiiaeiaoeeth eiaeeaeaeia, oeaeae e caaea/. Eaaeaeue oi?aaeythuee – yoi
oieeaeueiay ee/iinoue, iaeaaeathuay ?yaeii niiniaiinoae. Eaaeaeue
?oeiaiaeeoaeue yaeyaony oai?oeii oiai noeey oi?aaeaiey, eioi?ue ii
i?eiaiyao ia i?aeoeea. Ii i?e yoii ii o/eouaaao iiiaeanoai iauaeoeaiuo e
noauaeoeaiuo oneiaee e ianoiyoaeuenoa, a caaeneiinoe, io eioi?uo noeeue
iieo/aao naia eiie?aoiia niaea?aeaiea. Noeeue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
nioeeaeueiia yaeaiea, oae eae a iai io?aaeaiu ie?iaicc?aiea e
oaaaeaeaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey, a oae aea ii ai iiiaii ii?aaeaeyao
?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe anae nenoaiu.

2. Eeanneoeeaoeey noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa

2.1. «Iaeiiia?iua» noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa

Eniieuecoy aeey aiaeeca ?acee/iua enoi/ieee iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue ?aciua
eeanneoeeaoeee noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa. Nouanoaoao aeaa iiaeoiaea e
eco/aieth noeeae: o?aaeeoeeiiiue e nia?aiaiiue. E o?aaeeoeeiiiiio
iiaeoiaeo ioiinyony «iaeiiia?iua» noeee oi?aaeaiey. «Iaeiiia?iua» noeee,
oa?aeoa?ecothony iaeiei eaeei – oi oaeoi?ii, e iei ioiinyony:
aaoi?eoa?iue, aeaiie?aoe/aneee e eeaa?aeueii-iiionoeoaeueneee.

Eco/aiea noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa e naii aicieeiiaaiea yoiai iiiyoey naycaiu n
eiaiai ecaanoiiai ineoieiaa E. Eaaeia. A 30-a aiaeu aianoa ni naieie
nio?oaeieeaie i?iaae yenia?eiaiou, e ii?aaeaeee o?e noaaoeo
eeanne/aneeie noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa: aaoi?eoa?iue, aeaiie?aoe/aneee,
iaeo?aeueiue (aia?oe/aneee). Iicaeiaa i?aaei?eieiaeenue iiiuoee
oa?ieiieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee, e oa aea naiua noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa
iaicia/athony eae aee?aeoeaiue, eieeaaeaeueiue e iiionoeoaeueneee
(eeaa?aeueiue).

Ia/aoue ?anniio?aiea noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa iaiaoiaeeii n ?anniio?aiey
nenoaiu Aeoaeana Iae A?aai?a. Aai o?oaeu ii i?aeoe/aneiio oi?aaeaieth
niaea?aeao ooaa?aeaeaiey i oii, /oi iiae/eiaiiua aaaeoo naay, oaeei
ia?acii, eae auioaeaeatho eo aanoe naay ?oeiaiaeeoaee. Iiae/eiaiiue
ethaiai ?aiaa iiaeao noa?aoueny ioaa/aoue o?aaiaaieyi naiaai
?oeiaiaenoaa e auiieiyoue aiceiaeaiiua ia iaai caaea/e. Enneaaeiaaiey
Iae A?aai?a iieacuaatho, /oi ecia/aeueiui aeaeaaoaeai iinoaaeaiiie oeaee
yaeythony, i?aaeaea anaai, aeaeaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Anee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
aa?eo a oi, /oi aai ?aaioieee ni?aayony n iinoaaeaiiie caaea/ae, ii
iiaeniciaoaeueii oi?aaeyao eie oae, /oi au oeo/oeoue eo aeayoaeueiinoue.
Ii anee aeaenoaey ?oeiaiaenoaa ioee/athony iaoaa?aiiinoueth, yoi
i?eaiaeeo e ia?ano?aoiaea, a, neaaeiaaoaeueii, oi?iiceo ?acaeoea.

?aaiou Iae A?aai?a iiiiaatho iaiaaeaea?ai ecaaaaoue iaoaa?aiiinoe e
no?aieoueny e aeinoeaeaieth iaeneiaeueiiai oniaoa. Ii iienuaaao nenoaio
?oeiaiaenoaa n aeaoo i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo iiceoeee, eaaeaeoth ec eioi?uo
iiaeao caiyoue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ii ioiioaieth e naiei iiae/eiaiiui. Iaeia
ec e?aeieo iiceoeee iacaaia oai?ey O, a ae?oaay oai?ey O.

Oai?ey O.

Oai?ey O iienuaaao oaeie oei ?oeiaiaeeoaey, eioi?ue noieo ia iiceoeee
aee?aeoeaiuo, aaoi?eoa?iuo iaoiaeia oi?aaeaiey, oae eae ioiineony e
naiei iiae/eiaiiui iaaeiaa?/eai. Iaeaieaa /anoi iie au?aaeatho naia
ioiioaiea neaaeothuei ia?acii.

Eaaeaeiio /aeiaaeo io i?e?iaeu i?enoua iaaeaeaiea ?aaioaoue, iiyoiio ii
noa?aaony ecaaaaoue cao?ao o?oaea, aaea yoi oieueei aiciiaeii.

Ethaee noa?athony ecaaaaoue i?yiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, i?aaeii/eoatho
auoue aaaeiiuie.

Eaaeaeue /aeiaae no?aieony iaania/eoue naaa iieioth aaciianiinoue.

*oiau canoaaeoue eaaeaeiai ec /eaiia eieeaeoeaa ?aaioaoue ia
aeinoeaeaiea aaeeiie oeaee, iaiaoiaeeii i?eiaiyoue ?acee/iua iaoiaeu
i?eioaeaeaiey, a oae aea iaiiieiaoue i aiciiaeiinoe iaeacaiey.

?oeiaiaeeoaee, i?eaea?aeeaathueany iiaeiaiie iiceoeee ii ioiioaieth e
naiei iiae/eiaiiui, eae i?aaeei, ia?aie/eaatho noaiaiue eo naiaiaeu,
aaoiiiiee a i?aaiecaoeee, noa?athony ia aeiioneaoue neoaeaueo e o/anoeth
a oi?aaeaiee eiiiaieae. Iie no?aiyony oi?inoeoue oeaee, ?acaeoue eo ia
aieaa iaeeea, eaaeaeiio iiae/eiaiiiio iinoaaeoue ioaeaeueioth caaea/o,
/oi iicaieyao eaaei eiio?iee?iaaoue aa eniieiaiea. Ea?a?oey a oaeeo
i?aaiecaoeeyo, eae i?aaeei, i/aiue no?iaay, eaiaeu nai?a eioi?iaoeee
?aaioatho /aoei e iia?aoeaii. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue oaeiai oeia oaeiaeaoai?yao
yeaiaioa?iua iio?aaiinoe iiae/eiaiiuo e eniieuecoao aaoie?aoe/iue noeeue
oi?aaeaiey.

Oai?ey O.

Iia iienuaaao eaeaaeueioth neooaoeeth, a eioi?ie acaeiiioiioaiey a
eieeaeoeaa neeaaeuaathony, eae ia?oia?neea e noaiiaeaiea eieeaeoeaa
i?ioiaeeo a eaeaaeueiie n?aaea.

Yoa oai?ey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iioeienoe/iue acaeyae ia ?aaioo
i?aaiecaoeee e aeeth/aao a naay neaaeothuea iieiaeaiey.

?aaioa ia yaeyaony aeey ethaiai ec ian /ai – oi iniaaiiui. *aeiaae ia
ioeacuaaaony io auiieiaiey oao eee eiuo iaycaiiinoae, a no?aieony acyoue
ia naay ii?aaeaeaiioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue. ?aaioa aeey /aeiaaea oae aea
anoanoaaiia, eae e ea?aoue.

Anee /eaiu i?aaiecaoeee no?aiyony aeinoe/ue iinoaaeaiiuo noeeae, iie
?acaeaatho naiioi?aaeaiea, naiieiio?ieue, aeaeatho ana aiciiaeiia aeey
aeinoeaeaiey oeaeae.

Iaa?aaea ca ?aaioo aoaeao no?iai niioaaonoaiaaoue oiio, eae auiieiaiu
noiyuea ia?aae eieeaeoeaii caaea/e.

Ecia?aoaoaeueiinoue e oai?/aneia ia/aei inoathony ne?uouie a
iiae/eiaiiuo ec-ca aunieiai ?acaeoey oaoiieiaee.

Cia/eoaeueiuo oniaoia a ?aaioa aeinoeaatho ?oeiaiaeeoaee,
i?eaea?aeeaathueany eae oai?ee O, oae e oai?ee O. Ii eaaeaeue iaiaaeaea?
aeieaeai nia/aea ioeaieoue, aiciiaeii, ee a oao oneiaeyo, a eioi?uo
iaoiaeeony i?aaiecaoeey, i?eiaiaiea oai?ee O, a oaeaea eaeea
iineaaenoaey iiaeao aucaaoue i?eiaiaiea oai?ee O.

Nouanoaotho oaeea oneiaey, i?e eioi?uo ?acaeoea i?aaiecaoeee
inouanoaeyaony ii i?eioeeiai oai?ee O. ?oeiaiaeeoaee a aeaiiii neo/aa a
oneiaeyo ?aaiii?aaey eiatho iieioth iiaeaea?aeeo ni noi?iiu iiae/eiaiiuo
e ?oeiaiaeeoaeae n?aaeiaai caaia. I?e yoii ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeey
iiae/eiaiiiai yaeyaony ianoaaieeii. Iie iiaoo eiaoue ?acee/iua iiceoeee
ii eiui aii?inai, ii iiaiea ae?oa ae?oaa iaycaiu oaaaeaoue. Iaiaaeaea?,
i?eaea?aeeaathueeny oai?ee O, iicaieyao iiae/eiaiiiio naiiio
onoaiaaeeaaoue n?iee auiieiaiey caaeaiee, anee ii oi/ao niaiauaoue
?acee/iua aeaeu aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eiioeaioeee, niioaaonoaothuea oai?ee O, aeaenoaotho iaeaieaa yooaeoeaii
a neooaoeee, eiaaea ana /eaiu eieeaeoeaa aaeaioe?iaaiu e iiaeiaiiio
noeeue oi?aaeaiey. Oaeea i?ioannee, eae iao/iue nio?oaeiee, o/eoaeue,
iaaeee, iaeaieaa i?eniiniaeaiu e ?oeiaiaenoao ii oai?ee O.

Iecei eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiua ?aaioieee, o?aaothuea iinoiyiiiai iaaeci?a e
eiio?iey, eae i?aaeei, eo/oa aaeaioe?othony e oi?aaeaieth ii oai?ee O.

Oe?ieia i?eiaiaiea oai?ee O a ?aaioa oi?aaeaiey iicaieyao aeinoe/ue
aunieiai o?iaiy i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, ?acaeoue oai?/aneee iioaioeeae o
?aaioieeia, nicaeaaaoue aeaeea ?aai/ea ianoa, iiiu?youe eieeaeoeaiue
o?oae, a oaeaea aeinoe/ue aunieiai o?iaiy eaaeeoeeaoeee ia?niiaea.

A ?aieao «iaeiiia?iuo» noeeae oi?aaeaiey iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue aeaa
iiaeaee. Eeanne/aneay iiaeaeue eeanneoeeaoeee noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa,
i?aaeeiaeaiiay E. Eaaeiui e aeueoa?iaoeaiay ae iiaeaeue eeanneoeeaoeee
noeeae Eaeea?oa. ?anniio?ei e i?iecaaaeai aiaeec aeaiiuo iiaeaeae.
Iiaeaeue E. Eaaeia iniiaaia ia oii, /oi aeaaiay ?ieue i?e eeanneoeeaoeee
noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa auea ioaeaia naienoaai ee/iinoe e iniaaiiinoyi
oa?aeoa?a ?oeiaiaeeoaey. A iiaeaee Eaeea?oa a yoo iniiao iieiaeai
i?eaioe? ?oeiaiaeeoaey eeai ia ?aaioo, eeai ia /aeiaaea. Iaa
?anniao?eaaaiua iiaeaee ioiinyony e iiaaaeai/aneiio iiaeoiaeo, eioi?ue
nicaeae iniiao aeey eeanneoeeaoeee noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa. Yooaeoeaiinoue
?oeiaiaenoaa niaeanii yoiio iiaeoiaeo ii?aaeaeyaony oai, eae ioiineony
iaiaaeaea? e naiei iiae/eiaiiui.

2.1.1. Iiaeaeue E. Eaaeia

Enneaaeiaaiey, i?iaaaeaiiua E. Eaaeiui e aai eieeaaaie, auee i?iaaaeaiu
?aiueoa, /ai I. A?aai? ?acaeaeee aeaenoaey e iiaaaeaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaeae
ia aeaa oai?ee. ?anniio?ei iniiaiua noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa, eioi?ua auaeaeee
a naieo enneaaeiaaieyo E. Eaaei.

Aaoie?aoe/iue
Eeaa?aeueiue

Aeaiie?aoe/iue

Noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa

Noaia 2.1. Aaoie?aoe/ii – eeaa?aeueiue eiioeiooi noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa

Aaoi?eoa?iue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa (aaoie?aoe/aneee, aee?aeoeaiue,
aaeieieno?aoeaiue). Ioee/aaony /?acia?iie oeaio?aeecaoeeae aeanoe,
naiiaeanoiui ?aoaieai anao aii?inia, eanathueony aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaiecaoeee, ia?aie/aieai eiioaeoia n iiae/eiaiiuie. Nouanoaotho
?aciiaeaeiinoe aaoi?eoa?iiai noeey: «yenieoaoaoi?neee» e
«aeaaiaeaeaoaeueiue».

«Yenieoaoaoi?neee» aaoi?eoa?iue noeeue naiaeeony e oiio, /oi
?oeiaiaeeoaeue, ia aeiaa?yy iiae/eiaiiui e ia ni?aoeaay eo iiaiey e
niaaoia, aaeeiiee/ii ?aoaao ana aii?inu, e aa?ao ia naay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca ana, aeaaay eniieieoaeyi oieueei oeacaiey, /oi, eae
e eiaaea aeaeaoue, a ea/anoaa iniiaiie oi?iu noeioee?iaaiey eniieuecoao
iaeacaiea.

Nio?oaeieee ioiinyony e i?eeacai ?oeiaiaeeoaey aac?acee/ii eee
iaaaoeaii, ?aaeothony ethaie aai ioeaea, iaoiaeyo a iae iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea
naiae i?aaiou. A oeaeii a ?acoeueoaoa yoiai a i?aaiecaoeee eee
iiae?acaeaeaiee oi?ie?oaony iaaeaaii?eyoiue ii?aeueii-ineoieiae/aneee
eeeiao, e nicaeaaony aoiinoa?a aeey ?acaeoey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
eiioeeeoia.

I?e aieaa iyaeie «aeaaiaeaeaoaeueiie» ?aciiaeaeiinoe aaoi?eoa?iiai noeey
?oeiaiaeeoaeue ioiineony e iiae/eiaiiui nienoiaeeoaeueii, eioa?anoaony
i?e i?eiyoee ?aoaiee eo iiaieai, ii, ianiio?y ia aai iainiiaaiiinoue,
iiaeao iinooieoue ii-naiaio. Anee yoi aeaeaaony aeaiiino?aoeaii,
ineoieiae/aneee eeeiao oooaeoaaony. Aeaiiue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa
i?aaeinoaaeyao iiae/eiaiiui ii?aaeaeaiioth naiinoiyoaeueiinoue, ionoue
aeaaea a ia?aie/aiiuo i?aaeaeao. Iioeae?iaaiea no?aoii caeanue
i?enoonoaoao, ii iii ieieiaeueii.

Iiyaeaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey-aaoie?aoa naycaii n iniaaiiinoyie aai oa?aeoa?a.
A aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa yoi aeanoiua, ianoie/eaua e oii?iua ethaee, n
i?aoaaee/aiiuie i?aaenoaaeaieyie i nianoaaiiuo niiniaiinoyo,
iaeaaeathuea aieueoei no?aieaieai e i?anoeaeiinoe e aeanoe. Ii
oaiia?aiaioo iie yaeythony oiea?eeaie.

Aeaiie?aoe/aneee noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa (eieeaaeaeueiue). I?aaiecaoeee, a
eioi?uo i?aiaeaaeaao aeaiiue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa, oa?aeoa?ecothony
aunieie noaiaiueth aeaoeaio?aeecaoeee iieiiii/ee, aeoeaiui o/anoeai
nio?oaeieeia a i?eiyoee ?aoaiee. Nicaeaaony aoiinoa?a, i?e eioi?ie
auiieiaiea neoaeaaiuo iaycaiiinoae noaiiaeony aeaeii i?eaeaeaoaeueiui, a
aeinoeaeaiea i?e yoii oniaoa neoaeeo aiciaa?aaeaeaieai.

Ia i?aeoeea auaeaeytho aeaa ?aciiaeaeiinoe aeaiie?aoe/aneiai noeey:
«eiinoeueoaoeaioth» e «ia?oeneiaoeaioth». A oneiaeyo «eiinoeueoaoeaiie»
?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeiaa?yao iiae/eiaiiui, eiinoeueoe?oaony n ieie,
no?aieoueny eniieueciaaoue ana eo/oea niaaou, eioi?ua i?aaeeaaatho
iiae/eiaiiua. N?aaee noeioee?othueo ia? i?aiaeaaeaao iiiu?aiea, a
iaeacaiea eniieuecoaony a eneeth/eoaeueiuo neo/ayo. Nio?oaeieee
oaeiaeaoai?aiu oaeie nenoaiie ?oeiaiaenoaa, ianiio?y ia oi, /oi
aieueoeinoai ?aoaiee iiaeneacuaaaony ei naa?oo. Iiae/eiaiiua noa?athony
ieacaoue naiaio ia/aeueieeo iiiiuue e iiaeaea?aeaoue ii?aeueii a
iaiaoiaeeiuo neo/ayo.

«Ia?oeneiaoeaiay» ?aciiaeaeiinoue aeaiie?aoe/aneiai noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa
iniiaaia ia oii, /oi ?oeiaiaeeoaee iieiinoueth aeiaa?ytho iiae/eiaiiui
ai anao aii?inao, anaaaea eo auneooeaatho e eniieuecotho ana eo
i?aaeeiaeaiey, i?aaiecotho iaiai ananoi?iiiae eioi?iaoeeae, i?eaeaeatho
iiae/eiaiiuo e iinoaiiaea oeaeae e eiio?ieth ca eo eniieiaieai.

Iau/ii aeaiie?aoe/aneee noeeue oi?aaeaiey i?eiaiyaony a oii neo/aa,
eiaaea eniieieoaee oi?ioi ?acae?athony a auiieiyaiie ?aaioa, e iiaoo
aianoe a iaa iiaecio e oai?/anoai.

Eeaa?aeueiue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa (iaeo?aeueiue, iiionoeoaeueneee). Aai
nooue ninoieo a oii, /oi ?oeiaiaeeoaeue noaaeo ia?aae eniieieoaeyie
i?iaeaio, nicaeaao iaiaoiaeeiua i?aaiecaoeeiiiua oneiaey aeey eo ?aaiou,
caaeaao a?aieoeu ?aoaiey, a nai iooiaeeo ia aoi?ie ieai. Ca niaie ii
nio?aiyao ooieoeee eiinoeueoaioa, a?aeo?a, yenia?oa, ioeaieaathuaai
iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou.

I?e yoii iiiu?aiea e iaeacaiea ionooiatho ia aoi?ie ieai ii n?aaiaieth n
aioo?aiiei oaeiaeaoai?aieai, eioi?ia iieo/atho iiae/eiaiiua io
?aaeecaoeee naiaai iioaioeeaea e oai?/aneeo aiciiaeiinoae. Iiae/eiaiiua
ecaaaeaiu io iinoiyiiiai eiio?iey e «naiinoiyoaeueii» i?eieiatho ?aoaiey
e noa?athony iaeoe iooue eo ?aaeecaoeee a ?aieao i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo
iieiiii/ee. Iie ia aeiaaaeuaathony, /oi ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ana oaea ca?aiaa
i?iaeoiae e nicaeae aeey yoiai i?ioeanna iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey, eioi?ua
i?aaeii?aaeaeytho eiia/iue ?acoeueoao. Oaeay ?aaioa i?eiineo ei
oaeiaeaoai?aiea e oi?ie?oao aeaaii?eyoiue ii?aeueii-ineoieiae/aneee
eeeiao a eieeaeoeaa.

I?eiaiaiea yoiai noeey eiaao ana aieueoaa ?ani?ino?aiaiea ec-ca ?anooueo
ianooaaia iao/ii-oaoie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe e iiuoii-eiino?oeoi?neeo
?ac?aaioie, eioi?ua auiieiythony aunieieeanniuie niaoeeaeenoaie, eioi?ua
ia oioyo iaoiaeeoueny iiae aeaaeaieai e iiaeie. Aai yooaeoeaiinoue
caaeneo io ?aaeueiiai no?aieaiey iiae/eiaiiuo e yoiio, /aoeie
oi?ioee?iaeie ?oeiaiaeeoaeai caaea/ e oneiaee eo aeayoaeueiinoe, aai
ni?aaaaeeeainoueth a ioiioaiee ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoia e aiciaa?aaeaeaiey.

Ii oaeie noeeue iiaeao i?aa?aoeoueny a ath?ie?aoe/aneee, eiaaea
?oeiaiaeeoaeue nianai ono?aiyaony io aeae. Ii ia?aaeaao ana oi?aaeaiea a
?oee iacaaeneiuo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae, eioi?ua io aai eiaie oi?aaeytho
eieeaeoeaii, i?eiaiyy aeanoeea aaoi?eoa?iua iaoiaeu ?oeiaiaenoaa. Nai
aea ii aeaeaao aeae, /oi aeanoue iaoiaeeoueny a aai ?oeao, a ia naiii
aeaea ana aieueoa noaiiaeony caaeneiui io naieo iiiiuieeia.

Noaiiaeaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey-eeaa?aea iiaeao iauyniyoueny iiiaeie
i?e/eiaie. Ii oa?aeoa?o oaeea ?oeiaiaeeoaee ethaee ia?aoeoaeueiua,
aeia?iaeooiua, aiyueany nni? e eiioeeeoia. Iie iaaeiioeaieaatho
cia/eiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe eieeaeoeaa e oi, /oi eieeaeoea ioaeaeaaony a
ieo. Ii iiaeao ieacaoueny, /oi yoi auniei oai?/aneay ee/iinoue,
caoaa/aiiay eaeie-oi noa?ie naieo eioa?ania, ii eeoaiiay
i?aaiecaoi?neiai oaeaioa. Ii yoie i?e/eia iaycaiiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey
ieacuaathony aeey aeaiiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey iaiineeueiuie.

Aaoi?eoa?iue, aeaiie?aoe/aneee e eeaa?aeueiue noeee oi?aaeaiey ia eiatho
iaaeaeo niaie aa?uea?a, e ia aeaea ieaaii ia?aoiaeyo ae?oa a ae?oaa,
ia?acoy iai?a?uaioth oeaii/eo, /oi iieacaii ia noaia 2.2.

Yenieoaoa Aeaaiaeaea- oi?neee oaeueiue
Eiinoeueoa- Ia?oene- oeaiue iaoeaiue
Eeaa?aeue- Ath?ie?a- iue oe/aneee

Noaia 2.2. Aaoi?eoa?iue, aeaiie?aoe/aneee, eeaa?aeueiue noeee
oi?aaeaiey.

A a?aieoeao ia?a/eneaiiuo noeeae oi?aaeaiey aiciiaeiu neaaeothuea
aa?eaiou acaeiiaeaenoaey ?oeiaiaeeoaey e iiae/eiaiiuo:

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?eieiaao ?aoaiea e aeaao iiae/eiaiiui eiiaiaeo aai
auiieieoue;

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?eieiaao ?aoaiea e ?acuyniyao aai iiae/eiaiiui;

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?eieiaao ?aoaiea, niaaooynue n iiae/eiaiiuie;

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?aaeeaaaao ?aoaiea, eioi?ia iiaeao auoue nei??aeoe?iaaii
iinea eiinoeueoaoeee n iiae/eiaiiuie;

?oeiaiaeeoaeue eceaaaao i?iaeaio, iieo/aao niaaou e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
iiae/eiaiiuo, ia iniiaaiee eioi?uo i?eieiaao ?aoaiea;

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?eieiaao ?aoaiea niaianoii n iiae/eiaiiuie;

?oeiaiaeeoaeue onoaiaaeeaaao ?aiee, a eioi?uo iiae/eiaiiua naie
i?eieiatho ?aoaiea.

Aeey ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe eaaeaeiai ec noeeae oi?aaeaiey ?. Eaeea?o
i?aaeeiaeee ?ann/eouaaoue eeaa?aeueii-aaoi?eoa?iue eiyooeoeeaio (EAE).
Ii ii?aaeaeyaony ioiioaieai noii eeaa?aeueiuo e aaoi?eoa?iuo yeaiaioia a
iiaaaeaiee ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Ii aai iiaieth, a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo
iioeiaeueiay aaee/eia yoiai eiyooeoeeaioa ninoaaeyao 1,9. Oaeei ia?acii,
naaiaeiy aeey iieo/aiey yooaeoeaiuo ?acoeueoaoia ?oeiaiaeeoaee aeieaeiu
i?eiaiyoue a aeaa ?aca aieueoa yeaiaioia oaaaeaeaiey, /ai i?eioaeaeaiey.

Ana auoaiienaiiua «iaeiiia?iua» noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue
a aeaea naiaeiie oaaeeoeu, i?aaeeiaeaiiie ioa/anoaaiiui enneaaeiaaoaeai
Y. Noa?iaeineei.

Aaoi?eoa?iue Aeaiie?aoe/aneee Eeaa?aeueiue

Niinia i?eiyoey ?aoaiee Aaeeiiee/iue n iiae/eiaiiuie Ia iniiaa
eiinoeueoaoeee naa?oo eee iiaiey a?oiiu Ia iniiaa oeacaiee

Niinia aeiaaaeaiey ?aoaiee aei eniieieoaey I?eeac, ?anii?yaeaiea,
eiiaiaea I?aaeeiaeaiea I?inueaa, oi?aoeaaiea

?ani?aaeaeaiea ioaaonoaaiiinoe Iieiinoueth a ?oeao ?oeiaiaeeoaey A
niioaaonoaee n iieiiii/eyie Iieiinoueth a ?oeao eniieieoaey

Ioiioaiea e eieoeeaoeaa iiae/eiaiiuo aeiioneaaony Iiiu?yaony e
eniieuecoaony Iieiinoueth ia?aaeaaony iiae/eiaiiui

I?eioeeiu iiaeai?a eaae?ia Ecaaaeaiea io neeueiuo eiieo?aioia
I?eaioaoeey ia aeaeiauo, ciathueo nio?oaeieeia e iiiiuue ei a ea?uea?a

Ioiioaiea e ciaieyi N/eoaao, /oi ana nai ciaao Iinoiyiii o/eony e
o?aaoao oiai aea io iiae/eiaiiuo Aac?acee/iia

Ioiioaiea e iauaieth Io?eoeaoaeueiia, niaethaeaao aeenoaioeeth
Iieiaeeoaeueiia, aeoeaii eaeao ia eiioaeou Eieoeeaoeau ia i?iyaeyao

Ioiioaiea e iiae/eiaiiui Ii iano?iaieth, ia?iaiia ?iaiia,
aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiia, o?aaiaaoaeueiie Iyaeia, iao?aaiaaoaeueiia

Ioiioaiea e aeenoeeieeia AEanoeia, oi?iaeueiia ?acoiiia Iyaeia,
oi?iaeueiia

Ioiioaiea e noeioee?iaaieth Iaeacaiea n ?aaeeei iiiu?aieai Iiiu?aiea n
?aaeeei iaeacaieai Iao /aoeie i?eaioaoeee

A naiai enneaaeiaaiee Eaaei iaia?oaeee, /oi aaoi?eoa?iia ?oeiaiaenoai
aeiaeaaeinue auiieiaiey aieueoaai iauaia ?aaiou, /ai aeaiie?aoe/iia.
Iaeiaei i?e aaoi?eoa?iii oi?aaeaiee i?enoonoaoao ieceay iioeaaoeey,
iaiueoay i?eaeiaeueiinoue, iaiueoaa ae?oaeaethaea a a?oiiao, ionoonoaea
a?oiiiaiai iuoeaiey e ae?oaea io?eoeaoaeueiua oaeoi?u. I?e eeaa?aeueiii
noeea ?oeiaiaenoaa iauai ?aaiou oiaiueoaaony, ea/anoai ?aaiou
nieaeaaony, iiyaeyaony aieueoa ea?u.

Aieaa iicaeiea enneaaeiaaiey ia iieiinoueth iiaeoaa?aeeee auaiaeu i oii,
/oi aaoi?eoa?iia ?oeiaiaenoai iaania/eaaao aieaa aunieoth
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, ii iaiueooth oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue, /ai aeaiie?aoe/iia.
Enneaaeiaaiey Eaaeia aeaee iniiao aeey eco/aiey aeaiiiai aii?ina
ae?oaeie o/aiuie.

Oaeei ia?acii, enneaaeiaaiey Eaaeia iniiauaaeenue, i?aaeaea anaai, ia
eco/aiee aeeyiey ee/iinoiuo ea/anoa ?oeiaiaeeoaey ia auai? noeey
?oeiaiaenoaa. A eaaeaeii eiie?aoiii neo/aa iaaeaeo aaoi?eoa?iui,
aeaiie?aoe/aneei e eeaa?aeueiui noeeyie nouanoaoao ii?aaeaeaiiue aaeain,
e oaaee/aiea aeiee yeaiaioia iaeiiai ec ieo aoaeao i?eaiaeeoue e
oiaiueoaieth ae?oaeo.

2.1.2. Iiaeaeue Eaeea?oa

Eaeea?o auaeaeyao aeaa oeia ?oeiaiaeeoaey: ?oeiaiaeeoaeue,
nin?aaeioi/aiiue ia ?aaioa e ?oeiaiaeeoaeue, nin?aaeioi/aiiue ia
/aeiaaea.

Nin?aaeioi/aiiue ia
Nin?aaeioi/aiiue ia

?aaioa
/aeiaaea

Noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa

Noaia 2.3. Noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa Eaeea?oa

?oeiaiaeeoaeue, nin?aaeioi/aiiue ia ?aaioa (eee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue,
i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia caaea/o) caaioeony i i?iaeoe?iaaiee caaea/e e
?ac?aaioee nenoaiu aiciaa?aaeaeaiee aeey iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
o?oaea.

A i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue ia?aiio oeio ?oeiaiaeeoaey Eaeea?o noaaeo
?oeiaiaeeoaey, nin?aaeioi/aiiiai ia /aeiaaea, aeaaiie caaioie eioi?iai
yaeythony ethaee. Ii nin?aaeioa/eaaao aieiaiea ia iiauoaiee
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea, eniieuecoy niaa?oainoaiaaiea /aeiaa/aneeo
ioiioaiee. Aeaiiue oei ?oeiaiaeeoaey iicaieyao ?aaioieeai iaeneiaeueii
o/anoaiaaoue a i?eiyoee ?aoaiee, ecaaaaao iiaee e onoaiaaeeaaao aeey
iiae?acaeaeaiey aunieee o?iaaiue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ?oaea.

A oae aea iiiiaaao iiae/eiaiiui ?aoaoue i?iaeaiu, e iiiu?ytho eo
i?ioanneiiaeueiue ?ino.

Oaeei ia?acii, Eaeea?o naeaeae auaiae, /oi noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa aoaeao
i?eaioe?iaaiiui eeai ia ?aaioo, eeai ia /aeiaaea. Noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa,
nin?aaeioi/aiiue ia /aeiaaea niinianoaoao iiauoaieth
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea. Ii yoio noeeue oi?aaeaiey ia anaaaea
yaeyaony iioeiaeueiui iiaaaeaieai ?oeiaiaeeoaey.

Eae i?iaeieaeaiea naieo enneaaeiaaiee Eaeea?o i?aaeeiaeee /aou?a
aaciauo noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa (noaia 2.4.).

Nenoaia 1 Nenoaia 2 Nenoaia 3 Nenoaia 4

Yenieoaoaoi?nei-aaoi?eoa?iay Aeaaineeiiii-aaoi?eoa?iay
Eiinoeueoaoeaii-aeaiie?aoe/aneay Iniiaaiiay ia o/anoee

Noaia 2.4. Noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa Eaeea?oa

?anniio?ei eaaeaeoth nenoaio a ioaeaeueiinoe.

?oeiaiaeeoaee, ioiinyueany e nenoaia 1, eiatho oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoie?aoa.
Nenoaia 2 iacuaaaony aeaaineeiiii-aaoi?eoa?iie. Yoe ?oeiaiaeeoaee iiaoo
iiaeaea?aeeaaoue aaoi?eoa?iua ioiioaiey ni naieie iiae/eiaiiuie, ii iie
?ac?aoatho iiae/eiaiiui ia?aie/aiii o/anoaiaaoue a i?eiyoee ?aoaiee.
?oeiaiaeeoaee nenoaiu 3 i?iyaeytho cia/eoaeueiia, ii iaiieiia aeiaa?ea e
iiae/eiaiiui. Aaaeiua ?aoaiey i?eieiathony iaaa?oo, ii iiiaea eiie?aoiua
?aoaiey i?eieiathony iiae/eiaiiuie.

Nenoaia 4 oa?aeoa?ecoaony a?oiiiaui i?eiyoeai ?aoaiee, o/anoeai
?aaioieeia a ?ac?aaioea e auiieiaiee ?aoaiee. ?oeiaiaeeoaee iieiinoueth
aeiaa?yth iiae/eiaiiui. Acaeiiioiioaiey iinyo ae?oaeaneee,
aeiaa?eoaeueiue oa?aeoa?. ?oeiaiaeeoaee i?eaioe?iaaiu ia /aeiaaea, a
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi nenoaiu 1, i?eaioe?iaaiiui ia ?aaioo.
Ii iiaieth Eaeea?oa, nenoaia 4 yaeyaony iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiie.

Oaeei ia?acii, a aeaiiii ?acaeaea iu ?anniio?aee «iaeiiia?iua» noeee
oi?aaeaiey, eioi?ua nouanoaotho a ?aieao o?aaeeoeeiiiiai iiaeoiaea e
eeanneoeeaoeee noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa. Iie ioiinyony e eeanne/aneei
iiaeaeyi. Oneiaeiaiea aeayoaeueiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey e iiauoaiea aai
ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca ea/anoai i?eieiaaiuo ?aoaiee e auai? noeey
?oeiaiaenoaa aeaei iiaue oie/ie e i?iaaaeaieth aieaa iiae?iaiuo e
oe?ieeo enneaaeiaaiee a aeaiiie iaeanoe. Iiiaea o/aiua e ecaanoiua
enneaaeiaaoaee a iaeanoe iaiaaeaeiaioa iinoiyiii i?iaiaeyo ii?inu
?oeiaiaeeoaeae e eo iaiin?aaenoaaiiuo iiae/eiaiiuo n oeaeueth auyaeoue
oa?aeoa?iua iaoiaeu e i?eaiu, eniieuecoaiua ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie ?acee/iuo
o?iaiae. Oaia?ue iiaeii ia?aeoe e ?anniio?aieth nia?aiaiiuo iiaeaeae
eeanneoeeaoeee noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa.

2.2. «Iiiaiia?iua» noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa

A nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo oniao aeaea i?aaeii?aaeaeyaony ia oieueei
oa?aeoa?ii ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeai e iiae/eiaiiui e noaiaiueth
eo naiaiaeu, eioi?ay ei i?aaeinoaaeyaony, ii e ?yaeii ae?oaeo
ianoiyoaeuenoa. Au?aaeaieai yoiai yaeythony «iiiaiia?iua» noeee
oi?aaeaiey, eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeytho eiiieaen acaeiiaeiiieiythueo,
ia?aieaoathueony iiaeoiaeia, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo iacaaenei io ae?oaeo.

Ia?aiia/aeueii neiaeeeanue eaeay «aeaoia?iiai» noeey oi?aaeaiey, eioi?ue
iniiauaaaony ia aeaoo iiaeoiaeao. Iaeei ec ieo i?eaioe?oaony ia
nicaeaiea a eieeaeoeaa aeaaii?eyoiiai ii?aeueii-ineoieiae/aneiai
eeeiaoa, iaeaaeeaaiea /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee, a ae?oaie – ia nicaeaiea
iaaeeaaeaueo i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo e oaoie/aneeo oneiaee, i?e eioi?uo /aeiaae
iieii niiaeao ?ane?uoue naie niiniaiinoe.

2.2.1. «Oi?aaeai/aneay ?aoaoea» ?. Aeaeea e I. Ioooiia

Aeaiiue iiaeoiae yaeyaony iaeaieaa i?inoui i?aaenoaaeaieai «aeaoia?iiai»
noeey oi?aaeaiey. «Oi?aaeai/aneay ?aoaoea» Aeaeea e Ioooiia,
ecia?aaeaiiay ia noaia 2.5., i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oaaeeoeo, ninoiyuoth eo
9 no?ie e 9 noieaoeia, ia?ana/aiea eioi?uo ia?acoao 81 iiea. Anee oaeoth
oaaeeoeo iaeiaeeoue ia i?aaue aa?oiee eaaae?aio, ia?aciaaiiue inyie
aanoeenn e i?aeeiao, oi ia ieo iiaeii io?aceoue aaee/eio yenia?oiuo
ioeaiie iiaeoiaeia, eioi?uo i?eaea?aeeaaaony eiie?aoiue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue,
e ii?aaeaeeoue caieiaaiia ei iiea ia «?aoaoea», oa?aeoa?ecothuaa
i?eiaiyaiue ei ia i?aeoeea noeeue oi?aaeaiey.

9 1.9. Iaeneioi aieiaiey 9.9.
Iaeneioi aieiaiey

8 ethaeyi; ieieioi aieia-
ethaeyi e i?aaiecaoeeiiii-

7 iey i?aaieceoeeiiii-oao-
oaoie/aneei i?iaeaiai

6 ie/aneei i?iaeaiai

5.5. ?aaiia aieiaiea

ethaeyi e i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneei i?iaeaiai

3

2 1.1. Ieieioi aieiaiey 9.1. Ieieioi
aieiaiey

ethaeyi e i?aaiecaoeeiiii- ethaeyi;
iaeneioi aieiaiey

1 oaoie/aneei i?iaeaiai
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneei

i?iaeaiai

1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9

I?eaioaoeey ia nicaeaiea i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneeo oneiaee

Noaia 2.5. «?aoaoea oi?aaeaiey» ?. Aeaeea e I. Iooiia

Aeaee e Ioooii iienaee iyoue e?aeieo e iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?iuo iiceoeee
iao?eoeu.

1. (1;1.) I?eieoeaiia ?oeiaiaenoai eee «ioaeuo ia ?aaioa»
(iauaaeeiaiiia oi?aaeaiea)

Yoa iiceoeey oa?aeoa?ecoao oaeie oei ?oeiaiaeeoaey, eioi?ue oieiaeii
ioiineony eae e naiei iiae/eiaiiui, oae e e naiiio i?ioeanno
i?iecaiaenoaa. N/eoaao, /oi oi?aaeaiaoe anaaaea iiaeao i?eaaaiooue e
iiiiue iacaaeneiiai yenia?oa. Oaeia aaaeaiea aeae iiiiaeao ecaaaeaoue
eiioeeeoia, nicaeano aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey aeey ?aaiou naiiai
?oeiaiaeeoaey e ?anoe?eo a?aieoeu iiauo eaeae aiieiuaaiuo a
i?iecaiaenoai. Oaeie oi?aaeythuee ia yaeyaony eeaea?ii. Ii yaeyaony
i?inoi «o?aieoaeai naiaai ii?ooaey e e?anea». Ii i/aiue nei?i na?ueaciua
o?oaeiinoe canoaayo ia?aniio?aoue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa, eeai niaieoue
?oeiaiaeeoaey.

2. (1;9.) Nioeeaeueiia ?oeiaiaenoai (oi?aaeaiea a aeooa caai?iaeiiai
eeoaa)

Yoa iiceoeey oa?aeoa?ecoao ?oeiaiaeeoaeae, eioi?ua oaeaeytho iniaia
aieiaiea ioaeaeai e iio?aaiinoyi naieo iiae/eiaiiuo, ii ia i?ioeann
i?iecaiaenoaa inoaaony a noi?iia. Iaiaaeaea?u oaeiai oeia iieaaatho, /oi
iniiaa oniaoa caeeth/aia a iiaeaea?aeaiee aoiinoa?u aeiaa?ey e
acaeiiiiieiaiey a eieeaeoeaa. Oaeie ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ethaei iiae/eiaiiuie,
iie aioiau anaaaea ieacaoue iiiiuue naiaio eeaea?o. Oaeo/ea eaae?ia
i/aiue iecea, a o?iaaiue oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe o?oaeii i/aiue aunie. Ii
eceeoiyy aeiaa?/eainoue e iiae/eiaiiui i?eaiaeeo e i?eiyoeth
iai?iaeoiaiiuo ?aoaiee, ec-ca yoiai no?aaeaao i?iecaiaenoai.
Iiae/eiaiiua iiaoo ceioiio?aaeyoue aeiaa?eai e naaa.

3. (9;1) Aaoi?eoa?iia ?oeiaiaenoai (aeanoue – iiae/eiaiea)

Yoa iiceoeey oa?aeoa?ia aeey iaiaaeaea?ia, eioi?ua caaioyony oieueei i
i?iecaiaenoaa e ia inouanoaeytho ieeaeie nioeeaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Iie n/eoatho, /oi oaeay aeayoaeueiinoue yaeyaony i?iyaeaieai iyaeiai
oa?aeoa?a e aaaeao e iiieaeaieth ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe ?aaiou. Ea/anoai
oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee, ii eo iiaieth, ia caaeneo io noaiaie o/anoey
iiae/eiaiiuo a aai i?eiyoee. Iieiaeeoaeueiuie /a?oaie iaiaaeaea?ia
oaeiai oeia yaeythony aunieee o?iaaiue ioaaonoaaiiinoe,
o?oaeiniiniaiinoe, i?aaiecaoi?neee oaeaio, eioaeeaeo. Ii iaaeaeo oaeei
?oeiaiaeeoaeai e aai iiae/eiaiiuie iinoiyiii nio?aiyaony aeenoaioeey,
ionoonoaoao acaeiiiiieiaiea e nio?aiyaony oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiue o?iaaiue
a?oiiiaie aeenoeeieeiu.

4. (5;5) I?iecaiaenoaaiii – nioeeaeueiia oi?aaeaiea (i?aaiecaoeeiiiia
oi?aaeaiea)

Yoa iiceoeey oa?aeoa?ecoao oio oei ?oeiaiaeeoaey, eioi?ue oiaao
ni/aoaoue caaioo i ethaeyo n caaioie, i i?iecaiaenoaa. Oaeie iaiaaeaea?
eaeao ia eiii?iienn ai anao neo/ayo. ?aoaiey aeieaeiu i?eieiaoueny
?oeiaiaeeoaeai, ii iaycaoaeueii ianoaeaeathony e ei??aeoe?othony n
iiae/eiaiiuie. Iieiaeeoaeueiuie /a?oaie ?oeiaiaeeoaeae oaeiai oeia
yaeythony, iinoiyinoai, caeioa?aniaaiiinoue a oniaoa ia/eiaiee,
ianoaiaea?oiinoue iuoeaiey, i?ia?anneaiua acaeyaeu. Iaeiaei
i?ia?anneaiinoue acaeyaeia iaei ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia noeeue oi?aaeaiey,
/oi ia niinianoaoao ?acaeoeth e aeaeaeaieth aia?aae anaai i?iecaiaenoaa.

5. (9;9) Eiiaiaeiia ?oeiaiaenoai eee ?oeiaiaenoai «eeoeii e eeoeo»
(a?oiiiaia oi?aaeaiea)

Yoa iiceoeey oa?aeoa?ecoao oaeie oei ?oeiaiaeeoaey, eioi?ue iaeeiaeiai
ioiineony eae e ethaeyi, oae e e aicaeaaeyaiiio ei i?iecaiaenoao.
Aeaiiue oei oi?aaeaioea no?aieony i?eeiaeeoue iaeneioi oneeee, eae a
noa?a nioeeaeueiie iieeoeee, oae e a naiii i?iecaiaenoaa. Iaeeo/oei
niiniaii oaaee/aiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, iiauoaiey ea/anoaa auioneaaiie
i?iaeoeoeee e oneoa iie n/eoatho, yaeyaony aeoeaiia aiaea/aiea
iiae/eiaiiuo a i?ioeann i?eiyoey ?aoaiey. Yoi iicaieyao iiauneoue
oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue o?oaeii anao ?aaioathueo, o/anoue eciaiaiey,
aeeythuea ia yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.

Iieuecoynue «oi?aaeai/aneie ?aoaoeie», iiaeii ca?aiaa ii?aaeaeeoue
eiiaeiaoeeth ioeaiie, niioaaonoaothueo o?aaiaaieyi e oie eee eiie
aeieaeiinoe, i?aaeoniio?aiiie ooaoiui ?anienaieai i?aaiecaoeee. N?aaiea
n ieie yenia?oiua ioeaiee ea/anoa i?aoaiaeaioia, iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue eo
i?eaiaeiinoue e aa caiauaieth.

Iao?eoeu noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa yaeyaony iaeaieaa iiioey?iui iiaeoiaeii e
eco/aieth noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa. Ii yaeyaony ia oieueei oaea/iie
eiiaeiaoeeae ae?oaeo enneaaeiaaiee, ii oaeaea aeaao ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi
aiciiaeiinoue ioeaieoue naith iiceoeeth e iiiuoaoueny oniaa?oainoaiaaoue
naie noeeue oi?aaeaiey.

Aeaee e Ioooii naeaeaee neaaeothuaa caeeth/aiea: a ?acee/iuo
niaoeeoe/aneeo oneiaeyo eaaeaeue ec noeeae oi?aaeaiey iiaeao ieacaoueny
aanueia yooaeoeaiui, ii a oeie/iie neooaoeee ?acaeoey aeciana iaeaieaa
oniaoiui aoaeao i?eiaiaiea eiiaiaeiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa. Eo iiaeaeue
ioiineony e iiaaaeai/aneiio iiaeoiaeo e eeanneoeeaoeee noeeae
?oeiaiaenoaa. Ana iineaaeothuea ?anniao?eaaaiua iiaeaee ioiinyony e
neooaoeeiiiiio iiaeoiaeo, eioi?ue ?anniao?eaaao aeeyiea ia
yooaeoeaiinoue ?oeiaiaenoaa ?yaea ae?oaeo oaeoi?ia. E iei ioiinyony:
iio?aaiinoe e ee/iua ea/anoaa iiae/eiaiiuo, oa?aeoa? caaeaiey,
o?aaiaaiey e aicaeaenoaey n?aaeu, a oae aea eiathuothny o ?oeiaiaeeoaey
eioi?iaoeeth. Iiyoiio nia?aiaiiay oai?ey ?oeiaiaenoaa i/aiue aieueoia
aieiaiea oaeaeyao oiio, eae o/anoue ana yoe oaeoi?u a niaieoiiinoe e
ii?aaeaeeoue noaiaiue eo aeeyiey ia yooaeoeaiinoue ?oeiaiaenoaa.

2.2.2. Iiaeaeue ?. Oaiiaiaaoia e O. Oieaeoa

?iaa?o Oaiiaiaaoi e Oi??ai Oieaeo a ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee i?eoee e
auaiaeo, /oi iaiaaeaea?u n o?oaeii ?aoatho i?iaeaiu a ?aieao ?acee/iuo
noeeae oi?aaeaiey. I?aaeaea /ai ?aoeoue eaeeie aeieaeiu auoue aeaenoaey
– aeaiie?aoe/iuie eee aaoie?aoe/iuie – a ?aciuo neooaoeeyo,
?oeiaiaeeoaeth iaiaoiaeeii ?anniio?aoue o?e na?ee aii?inia.

1. Aii?inu ee/iiai oa?aeoa?a.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai ioeaieaaoue naie nianoaaiiua acaeyaeu,
iaeeiiiinoe, o?iaaiue aeiaa?ey e naaa ni noi?iiu iiae/eiaiiuo, noaiaiue
naiae ?aoeoaeueiinoe.

2. Aii?inu, eanathueany iiae/eiaiiuo.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai ioeaieoue neeiiiinoue /eaiia naiaai eieeaeoeaa
e iacaaeneiinoe, ioaaonoaaiiinoe, eioa?anu iiae/eiaiiuo, o?iaaiue
ciaiee, no?aieaiea auoue aiaea/aiiui a i?ioeann i?eiyoey ?aoaiee.

3. Aii?inu, eanathueany iniaaiiinoae eiie?aoiie neooaoeee.

Iaeaieaa aaaeiie iniaaiiinoueth, eioi?oth iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue i?e
auai?a noeey iiaaaeaiey, yaeyaony i?e/eia aicieeoae i?iaeaiu.
Iaiaoiaeeii ia?aoeoue aieiaiea ia eiiiaoaioeeth a?oiiu ii aeaiiiio
aii?ino, a?aiaiiua ?aiee, ioaaaeaiiua ia i?eiyoea ?aoaiey, oei e
enoi?eth ?acaeoey i?aaiecaoeee.

Enneaaeiaaoaee neiiaeie?iaaee yoe aii?inu e nicaeaee eiioeiooi noeeae
?oeiaiaenoaa. Ii iiiiaaao iaiaaeaea?o ?anniio?aoue ana aiciiaeiua
aa?eaiou auai?a iiaaaeaiey io aaniethoii aaoi?eoa?iiai aei iieiinoueth
aeaiie?aoe/aneiai.

Aaoi?eoa?iue ?aaeei – yoi eiaaea, iaiaaeaea?: eiaao iieioth aeanoue e
ieeaeeo i?aa?aae aeey aa eniieueciaaiey; nio?aiyao ca niaie i?aai ia
ethaua /?acau/aeiua iieiiii/ey; eiaao ii?aaeaeaiiue iaai? oieeaeueiuo
ciaiee e iaaueia; ?oeiaiaeeo oi?iaeueii, ia yaeyaony aeaenoaeoaeueiui
eeaea?ii, ia eiaao iiaeaea?aeeo e iiieiaiea.

Iiae/eiaiiua: caaeneiu io naiaai ?oeiaiaeeoaey; ia eiatho aiciiaeiinoe
auneacuaaoue naia iiaiea; eiatho iaaunieoth eaaeeoeeaoeeth; iiaoo
iiaeaa?aiooueny i?eiaiaieth /?acau/aeiuo iieiiii/ee; ia iaeaaeatho
iacaaeneiinoueth; noaiiayony iineaaeiaaoaeyie aaoi?eoa?iiai ?aaeeia.

Neooaoeey ia ?aai/eo ianoao: oea?eo no?iaay aeenoeeieeia, iin?aaenoaii
no?iaiai eiio?iey. O?iaaiue i?eauee ia aunie. Inouanoaeyaony aeanoeee
eiio?ieue iauaia cao?ao ia i?iecaiaenoai. Nouanoaoao iinoiyiiay
iianiinoue o?aaiaoecia. ?aaioa ia o?aaoao aunieeo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
iaaueia, /anoi i?iecaiaeeony ia?aiai?oaeiaaiea, niaia i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
i?ioeanna. Aiciiaeiua iineaaenoaey eniieueciaaiey aeaiiiai noeey:
aaaeiaao iauaiea, nieaeaaony aaeaioaoeey ?aai/eo e ?aceei
i?aia?aciaaieyi; aeayoaeueiinoue iineo ?ooeiiue oa?aeoa?; oai?/aneee
?ino eneeth/ai.

Aeaiie?aoe/aneee ?aaeei – yoi eiaaea, iaiaaeaea?: eiaao ia?aie/aiioth
aeanoue, iiaeao nai onoaiaaeeaaoue ?aiee aa i?eiaiaiey eeai i?eieiaao
oneiaey; a?oiia iiaeao niyoue aai n aeieaeiinoe e caiaieoue /eaiaie
eieeaeoeaa; yaeyaony caaeneiui io a?aiaiiuo ?aiie a naiae
aeayoaeueiinoe; iiaeao i?eiaiyoue ia?aie/aiiia /enei naieoeee ii
ioiioaieth e iiae/eiaiiui.

Iiae/eiaiiua: inouanoaeytho eiio?ieue iaae iaoiaeaie oi?aaeaiey; /aua
anaai eiatho oaeea i?ioannee, eae o/aiua, eiaeaia?u, iaiaaeaea?u e
o.ae.; eiatho aunieea i?ioanneiiaeueiua iaauee; ethayo no?iaee ii?yaeie,
ii ia aaoi?eoa?iue; eiatho aunieea nioeeaeueiua iio?aaiinoe.

Neooaoeey ia ?aai/eo ianoao: oeaee aeayoaeueiinoe aeinooiiu e iiiyoiu
anai. Ioaaonoaaiiinoue e eiio?ieue ?acaeaeaiu iaaeaeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie
?aciuo o?iaiae. Anaaaea nouanoaotho a?aiaiiua a?aieoeu aeey auiieiaiey
caaeaiey. I?aia?aciaaiey iinyo iinooiaoaeueiue, i?ia?anneaiue oa?aeoa?.
?aaeueiue ?ene caei?iauey iecie. Eniieuecoaony eieeaeoeaiue o?oae.
Aiciiaeiua iineaaenoaey eniieueciaaiey aeaiiiai noeey: /aeiaae
i?eniinaaeeaaaony e caaeneiinoe io eieeaeoeaa, oa?yao niiniaiinoue
naiinoiyoaeueii iuneeoue. A yeno?aiaeueiuo neooaoeeyo aiciiaeiu i?iaeaiu
i?e i?eiyoee ?aoaiee.

?aaeei neaaiai, aacuieoeeaoeaiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa – yoi eiaaea iaiaaeaea?:
ia iaeaaeaao ?aaeueiie aeanoueth; ia ia?aie/ai a?aiaiiuie ?aieaie; ia
niaiyai ia aeieaeiinoe, oae eae anao oaeia iieiaeaiea ono?aeaaao; ia
iiaeao i?eiaiyoue ieeaeeo naieoeee; ia iaeaaeaao ciaieyie ii niaoeeoeea
i?iecaiaenoaa.

Iiae/eiaiiua: eiatho aieueoa aeanoe, /ai ?oeiaiaeeoaeue; ia i?eieiatho
ii?yaeie; eaaei iiaeieiatho iyoaae, caaanoiaeo; neaai i?aaieciaaiu; yoi
iau/ii o/aiua eee ae?oaea ?aai/ea n ?aaeeeie ciaieyie, iniciathueie nith
iaiaoiaeeiinoue.

Neooaoeey ia ?aai/eo ianoao: iao /aoei ii?aaeaeaiiuo oeaeae
i?aaiecaoeee. Iao no?oeoo?u a i?aaiecaoeee. Nouanoaoao oieueei nenoaia
naiieiio?iey. Ia ia?aie/aii a?aiy ia auiieiaiea caaeaiee. I?aia?aciaaiee
e eciaiaiee a nenoaia o?oaea i?aeoe/anee ia i?ienoiaeeo. Aoiinoa?a ia
?aai/eo ianoao iyaeay, aeaaii?eyoiay. Aeey auiieiaiey i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
ooieoeee o?aaothony aunieea iaauee e iniaua ciaiey. Aiciiaeiua
iineaaenoaey io eniieueciaaiey aeaiiiai noeey: ae?iaeaiea eieeaeoeaa,
ecieyoeey ee/iinoe, iaiiieiaiea, oain. Ionoonoaea acaeiiiiieiaiey,
acaeiiiiiiue, aaeeiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa. Yoi iiaeao i?eaanoe e oiio, /oi
oneeey a i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe aoaeoo iai?aaeaiu ia
aaniieacioth ai?ueao e ionoaeaaiea naieo eioa?ania e acaeyaeia.

2.2.3. Iiaeaeue yooaeoeaiinoe ?oeiaiaenoaa O. Oeaeea?a

O?yae Oeaeea? ecaanoai eae iaeei ec ia?auo yenia?oia ii oi?aaeaieth,
eioi?ue n/eoae, /oi yooaeoeaiinoue noeey oi?aaeaiey iiaeao auoue
ioeaiaia, anee aua?aiiue noeeue niioaaonoaoao aeaiiie neooaoeee. Ii
oaeaea n/eoae, /oi oniao eee yooaeoeaiinoue oiai eee eiiai noeey
oi?aaeaiey caaeneo io o?ao oaeoi?ia: ioiioaiee ?oeiaiaeeoaey n
iiae/eiaiiuie, no?oeoo?u i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caaeaiee e o?iaiy aeanoe
?oeiaiaeeoaey.

Ioiioaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey e iiae/eiaiiuo.

Iaeiei ec aaaeiaeoeo oaeoi?ia i?e ii?aaeaeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeaiey
yaeyaony noaiaiue eiyeueiinoe iaiaaeaea?a e /eaiai eieeaeoeaa. Eiaaea
acaeiiioiioaiey iaaeo ieie oaniua, ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeao ?ann/eouaaoue
ia iiaeaea?aeeo e iiieiaiea a ethaoth ieiooo, anee aea yoe ioiioaiey ia
iiaoo auoue oaeeie, oi neea neiaa ?oeiaiaeeoaey aaoiiaoe/anee
nieaeaaony.

No?oeoo?a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caaeaiee.

A aeaiiii neo/aa iiae no?oeoo?ie i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caaeaiee iiieiaaony
noaiaiue ?ooeiiinoe (i?inoia e iauaiiia) eee ia ?ooeiiinoe (neiaeiia e
oieeaeueiia) ?aaiou. Neiaeiua caaeaiey o?aaotho neaaeaiiinoe, /ooeiai
o/anoey ?oeiaiaeeoaey, eieoeeaoeau e yiooceacia io iiae/eiaiiuo,
aeiiieieoaeueiuo cao?ao a?aiaie. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, iie ?ann/eoaiu ia
aunieee o?iaaiue ioaaonoaaiiinoe, iinyo ia ?ooeiiue oa?aeoa?, o?aaotho
i?eiaiaiey aeaiie?aoe/aneiai noeey oi?aaeaiey.

O?iaaiue aeanoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey.

Iauai oi?iaeueiie e iaoi?iaeueiie aeanoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey eiaao aieueoia
cia/aiea. Iauai yoie aeanoe ecia?yaony aaoi?eoaoii ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Yoa
aeanoue iicaieyao aio eee ae ioaeaaaoue i?eeacu, iiiu?youe eee
iaeacuaaoue. Aunieee o?iaaiue aeanoe iicaieyao i?eiaiyoue aaoi?eoa?iua
iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey e iaiai?io.

Oeaeea? iieaaae, /oi yoe o?e oaeoi?a a eiiaeiaoeee iiaoo aeaoue ia?ac
eaeaaeueiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey.

A caaeneiinoe io ianooaaa iieiiii/ee ?oeiaiaeeoaey, oa?aeoa?a eo
ioiioaiee n iiae/eiaiiuie, /aoeinoe ?aoaaiuo caaea/ Oeaeea? auaeaeyao 8
oeiia ?acee/iuo neooaoeee, aa?eaiou eioi?uo i?eaaaeaiu ia noaia 2.6.

Eiaaea caaea/e /aoei noi?ioee?iaaiu, aeieaeiinoiua iieiiii/ey
?oeiaiaeeoaey cia/eoaeueiu, a aai ioiioaiey n iiae/eiaiiuie
aeaaii?eyoiu, oi ia iiae/eiaiiuo eaaei aicaeaenoaiaaoue. A
i?ioeaiiieiaeiii neo/aa, ?oeiaiaeeoaeth eo/oa i?eaioe?iaaoueny ia
?aoaiea i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneeo i?iaeai, ia oaeaeyy iniaiai aieiaiey
aii?inai nicaeaiey eieeaeoeaa e iaeaaeeaaiey /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee. Yoi
iaania/eaaao aaeeinoai oeaeae, iia?aoeaiinoue a i?eiyoee e ?aaeecaoeee
?aoaiee, iaaeaaeiinoue eiio?iey.

A aeaiiie neooaoeee ia ioaeii o?aoeoue a?aiy ia iaeaaeeaaiea ioiioaiee,
a nio?oaeieee aeaenoaotho a oneiaeyo /aoei noi?ioee?iaaiiuo i?inouo
caaea/ e oeacaiee. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iaeiia?aiaiii iiaeao i?eaea?aeeaaoueny
aaoi?eoa?iiai noeey, iaeiaei iaiaoiaeeii e eaaeia aeeeoaoi?noai.

Noeeue oi?aaeaiey, i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia oe?aieaiea eieeaeoeaa e
iiaeaea?aeaiea /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee, iaeaieaa iiaeoiaeeo a oia?aiii
aeaaii?eyoiuo aeey ?oeiaiaeeoaey neooaoeeyo, eiaaea o iaai iao
aeinoaoi/iie aeanoe, /oiau iaania/eoue iaiaoiaeeiue o?iaaiue
nio?oaeie/anoaa n iiae/eiaiiuie, ii anee acaeiiioiioaiey oi?ioea, ethaee
aeaeatho oi, /oi io ieo o?aaoaony. A yoeo oneiaeyo i?eaioaoeey ia
i?aaiecaoeeiiioth noi?iio iiaeao aucaaoue eiioeeeo, a ?acoeueoaoa
eioi?iai neaaia aeeyiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey ia iiae/eiaiiuo oieueei aua
aieueoa oiaaeao. I?eaioaoeey ia /aeiaa/aneea ioiioaiey, iaiai?io, iiaeao
iiauneoue aai aeeyiea e oeo/oeoue ioiioaiey n iiae/eiaiiuie.

Eae e ana ae?oaea iiaeaee, iiaeaeue Oeaeea?a ia eeoaia iaaeinoaoeia e ia
iieo/eea iieiie iiaeaea?aeee o oai?aoeeia. Ii?aaeaeea, /oi
i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneea oneiaey noeeue
?oeiaiaenoaa aoaeao niioaaonoaiaaoue a iaiaa aeaaii?eyoiuo neooaoeeyo e
/oi i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia iaeaaeeaaiea ioiioaiee noeeue eo/oa i?eaiaeeony a
oia?aiii aeaaii?eyoiuo neooaoeeyo, Oeaeea? nicaeae ooiaeaiaio aeey
aoaeouaai neooaoeeiiiiai iiaeoiaea e oi?aaeaieth. Aai iiaeoiae
iieacuaaao, /oi ia nouanoaoao iioeiaeueiiai noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa
iacaaenyuaai io ianoiyoaeuenoa. Aeey ioeaiee noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa Oeaeea?
?ac?aaioae oieeaeueiue, ii nii?iue iaoiae. Ii i?inee ?oeiaiaeeoaeae
iienaoue iaeiaiaa ethaeiuo eieeaa, iiiiuieeia ii ?aaioa. Oeaeea?
ooaa?aeaeae, /oi ?oeiaiaeeoaeue, eioi?ue iienuaaao iaethaeiuo
iiae/eiaiiuo a aieaa naea?aeaiiii noeea, yaeyaony i?aae?aniieiaeaiiuie e
aeaiie?aoe/aneiio noeeth oi?aaeaiey. Yoi ethaee, eioi?ua iiceoeaii
iano?iaiu ia iauaiea, iaiai iiaieyie, o.a. ?oeiaiaeeoaee i?eaioe?iaaiiua
ia iauaiea. A i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue ei oa, eoi iienuaae naieo iiae/eiaiiuo
ceiaii, aac neiiaoee, ioiinyony e ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi, i?eaioe?iaaiiui ia
i?iecaiaenoai. Eo iienaiea iiaeii iaeoe o Oaiiaiaaoia e Oieaeoa. Eiaiii
iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee, eioi?oth eniieueciaae Oeaeea?, ia
aiooaea aeiaa?ea iiiaei enneaaeiaaoaeyi.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Acaeiiioiioaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey e iiae/eiaiiuo oi?ioea oi?ioea oi?ioea
ieioea Ieioea Ieioea ieioea ieioea

Oi?ioee?iaea e no?oeoo?e?iaaiiinoue caaea/e /aoeay /aoeay ia/aoeay
ia/aoeay *aoeay *aoeay ia/aoeay ia/aoeay

Aeieaeiinoiua iieiiii/ey ?oeiaiaeeoaey

Iaeneioi

I?aaeii/oeoaeueiu ?oeiaiaeeoaee, i?eaioe?iaaiiua ia
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneea oneiaey

«O?aaeoi?ey» eciaiaiey o?aaiaaiee e ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi

Noaia 2.6. Caaeneiinoue ?oeiaiaenoaa io neooaoeee. Iiaeaeue O. Oeaeea?a

2.2.4. Iiaeaeue «iooue – oeaeue» O. Ieo/aea e ?. Oaona

Aeaiiay iiaeaeue aiaeiae/ia iiaeaee Oeaeea?a e eiaao iiiai iauaai n
oai?eae iaeeaeaiey, ioiinyuaeny e iioeaaoeee, auea ?ac?aaioaia O.
Ieo/aeii e ?. Oaonii. Eo iiaeoiae iieo/ee iacaaiea «iooue – oeaeue» ia
iniiaa auaiaeia i oii, /oi i?aoniaaathuee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iaycai
auiieiyoue o?e aeaea caaea/. Ii aeieaeai iauynieoue iiae/eiaiiui, eae
iaeeo/oei ia?acii aeinoe/ue iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae, ?ac?aaioaoue e
aiaae?eoue iaoiaeu eo aeinoeaeaiey. A i?ioeanna auiieiaiey
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ooieoeee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue inouanoaeyao
eii?aeeiaoeeiiioth e iai?aaeythuoth aeayoaeueiinoue. E?iia oiai, a
i?ioeanna ?aaiou iiaeii nieaeaoue eee iiauoaoue eioaineaiinoue
aeayoaeueiinoe iiae/eiaiiuo. Iiaeoiae «iooue – oeaeue» iauyniytho
aicaeaenoaea, eioi?ia ieacuaaao iiaaaeaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey ia iioeaaoeeth,
oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue e i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue o?oaea iiae/eiaiiiai.

Aeaiiay iiaeaeue aeeth/aao /aou?a noeey oi?aaeaiey, eniieueciaaiea
eioi?uo ii?aaeaeyaony neooaoeeae, i?aaeii/oaieyie e ee/iuie ea/anoaaie
eniieieoaeae, noaiaiueth eo oaa?aiiinoe a naieo neeao e aiciiaeiinoe
aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia neooaoeeth.

Anee o nio?oaeieeia aieueoay iio?aaiinoue a naiioaaaeaiea e
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e eieeaeoeao, oi iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiui n/eoaaony «noeeue
iiaeaea?aeee», aiaeiae/iue noeeth i?eaioe?iaaiiiio ia iaeaaeeaaiea
/aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee. Eiaaea nio?oaeieee no?aiyony e aaoiiiiee e
naiinoiyoaeueiinoe, yooaeoeaiaa eniieueciaaoue «eino?oiaioaeueiue»
noeeue, noiaeiue ni noeeai i?eaioe?iaaiiui ia nicaeaiea i?aaiecaoeeiiii
– oaoie/aneeo oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa. Iiae/eiaiiua, eiaaea io ieo ie/aai
ia caaeneo, aeaeatho auno?aa auiieieoue caaeaiea, i?aaeii/eoatho, /oiau
ei oeacuaaee, /oi e eae ioaeii aeaeaoue, e nicaeaaaee iaiaoiaeeiua
oneiaey ?aaiou.

Anee iiae/eiaiiua no?aiyony e aunieei ?acoeueoaoai e oaa?aiu, /oi niiaoo
eo aeinoe/ue eniieuecoaony noeeue, i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia «aeinoeaeaiea»,
eiaaea ?oeiaiaeeoaeue noaaeo ia?aae ieie iineeueiua caaea/e e iaeeaeaao,
/oi iie aac i?eioaeaeaiey aoaeoo no?aieoueny ii ia?a aiciiaeiinoe e eo
naiinoiyoaeueiiio ?aoaieth, a aio inoaiaony eeoue iaania/eoue
iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey.

Noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa, i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia o/anoea iiae/eiaiiuo a i?eiyoee
?aoaiee niioaaonoaoao neooaoeee, eiaaea iiae/eiaiiua no?aiyony
?aaeeciaaoue naay a oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
aeieaeai aeaeeoueny n ieie eioi?iaoeeae e eniieueciaaoue eo eaeae a
i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee e i?eiyoee ?aoaiee.

A iaiaeiicia/iuo neooaoeeyo, eae n/eoatho aaoi?u, eo/oa eniieueciaaoue
«eino?oiaioaeueiue» noeeue, oae eae ?oeiaiaeeoaeue eo/oa aeaeeo
neooaoeeth a oeaeii, e aai oeacaiey iiaoo neoaeeoue aeey iiae/eiaiiuo
oi?ioei i?eaioe?ii. Iaeiaei i?e yoii aeaiiui noeeai iaeuecy
ceioiio?aaeyoue, oae eae eniieieoaee iiaoo i?eiyoue yoi ca /?acia?iue
eiio?ieue. Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii i?e iinoaiaiiie no?oeoo?ecaoeee caaea/
ia?aoiaeeoue io «eino?oiaioaeueiiai» noeey e noeeth iiaeaea?aeee.
Aiaeiae/iui ia?acii, anee caaea/a n naiiai ia/aea i?eiineo iiae/eiaiiui
oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue, noeeue iiaeaea?aeee iaeiyooaeoeaai. Ii anee
caaeaiea ia oaeiaeaoai?yao iiae/eiaiiuo, noeeue iiaeaea?aeee aoaeao eae
?ac oianoai.

Iiaeaeue O. Ieo/aea e ?. Oaona «iooue – oeaeue» ioee/aaony io anao
inoaeueiuo oai, /oi iia ia niaea?aeeo oeaeaiai?aaeaiiuo iiiuoie
ii?aaeaeaiey yooaeoeaiiai noeey oi?aaeaiey a eiie?aoiuo oneiaeyo. Yoa
iiaeaeue iniiauaaaony ia iiceoeee ni/aoaiey ?acee/iuo noeeae e
aeieacuaaao, /oi ?oeiaiaeeoaee aeieaeiu auoue aeaeeie a naieo
aeaenoaeyo.

2.2.5. Iiaeaeue aeeciaiiiai oeeeea I. Oa?ne e E. Aeaioa?a

I. Oa?ne e E. Aeaioa? ?ac?aaioaee neooaoeeiiioth oai?eth ?oeiaiaenoaa,
eioi?oth iacaaee oai?eae aeeciaiiiai oeeeea. A niioaaonoaee n yoie
iiaeaeueth, i?eiaiaiea noeey caaeneo io noaiaie c?aeinoe iiae/eiaiiuo,
eo niiniaiinoe ioaa/aoue ca naia iiaaaeaiea, ia?aciaaiey e iiuoa ?aoaiey
eiie?aoiuo caaea/, aeaeaiey aeinoe/ue iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae. Oa?nee e
Aeaioa? noi?ioee?iaaee /aou?a iniiaiuo noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa: aeaaaoue
oeacaiey «i?iaeaaaoue», o/anoaiaaoue, aeaeaae?iaaoue (noaia 2.7.).

Nooue ia?aiai noeey S1 caeeth/aaony a oeacaieyo iac?aeui (I1),
ianiiniaiui e ia aeaeathuei ioaa/aoue ca ?acoeueoaou naiae ?aaiou
nio?oaeieeai, /oi e eae ioaeii aeaeaoue. Caeanue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai
i?eaioe?iaaoueny ia ?aoaiea i?aaiecaoeeiiii – oaoie/aneeo i?iaeai, a ia
ia iaeaaeeaaiea /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee e nicaeaiea eieeaeoeaa.

Aoi?ie noeeue S2 – «i?iaeaaaoue» – yooaeoeaai aeey nio?oaeieeia,
iaeaaeathueo n?aaeiei o?iaiai c?aeinoe (I2), eiaaea iie niiniaiu ianoe
ioaaonoaaiiinoue, ii ia iiaoo aeaeaoue yoiai. Aeaiiue noeeue ni/aoaao a
?aaiie ia?a i?eaioaoeeth ia i?aaiecaoeeiiioth noi?iio aeaea, e ia
eieeaeoeaiinoue. Caeanue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai iaeiia?aiaiii aeaaaoue
eniieieoaeyi oeacaiey e iiaeaea?aeeaaoue eo no?aieaiea oai?/anee e
naiinoiyoaeueii ?aaioaoue.

O?aoee noeeue S3 yooaeoeaai aeey nio?oaeieeia, eioi?ua iiaoo, ii ia
oioyo ioaa/aoue ca ?aoaiea iinoaaeaiiuo caaea/, ianiio?y ia iaee/ea anao
oneiaee e iaeaaeaiea aeinoaoi/iie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoueth. Oaeea
iiae/eiaiiua oa?aeoa?ecothony oia?aiii aunieie noaiaiueth c?aeinoe (I3).
I?e aeaiiii noeea ?oeiaiaenoaa iaiaoiaeeii o/anoea ?aaioieeia a i?eiyoea
?aoaiee. Iie naie i?ae?anii ciatho, /oi, eiaaea e eae ioaeii aeaeaoue,
ii ?oeiaiaeeoaeth o?aaoaony iiauneoue a ieo /oanoai i?e/anoiinoe,
i?aaeinoaaeoue aiciiaeiinoue i?iyaeoue naay, a i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe
iiiiuue.

Noeeue ?oeiaiaeeoaey

(Aunieay)

Aunieay noaiaiue
Aunieay noaiaiue

i?eaioe?iaaiiinoe ia
i?eaioe?iaaiiinoe ia caaea/o

/aeiaa/aneea ioiioaiey e
aunieay – ia

e iaeay – ia caaea/o
/aeiaa/aneea ioiioaiey

Noeeue ?oeiaiaeeoaey,

i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia o/anoea
I?iaeaaea

iiae/eiaiiuo a i?eiyoee

?aoaiee

S3 S2

S4
S1

Aeaeaae?iaaiea
Oeacaiey

Ieceay noaiaiue
Aunieay noaiaiue

i?eaioe?iaaiiinoe ia ioiioaiey i?eaioe?iaaiiinoe ia
caaea/o

e aunieay ia caaea/o e
ieceay – ia ioiioaiey

(Ieceay)

Ieceay Iiaaaeaiea, i?eaioe?iaaiiia ia caaea/o
Aunieay

Aunieay Oia?aiiay
Ieceay

I4 I3
I2 I1

C?aeue C?aeinoue eniieieoaey
Iac?aeue

Noaia 2.7. Neooaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue ?oeiaiaenoaa Oa?ne e Aeaioa?a.

*aoaa?oue noeeue S4 oa?aeoa?ecoaony aunieie noaiaiueth c?aeinoe (I4),
eiaaea iiae/eiaiiua oioyo e iiaoo ianoe ioaaonoaaiiinoue ?aaioaoue
naiinoiyoaeueii aac iiiiue e oeacaiee ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Oa?nee e Aeaioa?
?aeiiaiaeotho aeaeaae?iaaoue iieiiii/ey e nicaeaaaoue oneiaey aeey
eieeaeoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey.

A oeaeii e?eoeee aeaiiie iiaeaee aeeciaiiiai oeeeea ioia/atho ionoonoaea
iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai iaoiaea ecia?aiey o?iaiy c?aeinoe; oi?iuaiiia
aeaeaiea noeeae e iayniinoue oiai, niiaoo ee ?oeiaiaeeoaee ia i?aeoeea
aanoe naay oae aeaei e aaeaioeaii eae o?aaoao iiaeaeue.

2.2.6. Iiaeaeue i?eiyoey ?aoaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaeai A?oia – Eaooiia.

Ii iiaieth aaoi?ia aeaiiie iiaeaee, a caaeneiinoe io neooaoeee,
iniaaiiinoae eieeaeoeaa e oa?aeoa?enoeeai naiie i?iaeaiu iiaeii
auaeaeeoue iyoue noeeae oi?aaeaiey. Yoe iyoue noeeae i?aaenoaaeytho
eiioeiooi, ia/eiay n aaoie?aoe/aneiai noeey i?eiyoey ?aoaiee (A e A)
caoai eiinoeueoaoeaiue (A e A) e caaa?oaaony iieiui o/anoeai (Ae).

A – ?oeiaiaeeoaeue nai i?eieiaao ?aoaiey ia iniiaa eiathuaeny
eioi?iaoeee.

A – ?oeiaiaeeoaeue niiauaao iiae/eiaiiui nooue i?iaeaiu, auneooeaaao eo
iiaiey e i?eieiaao ?aoaiea.

A – ?oeiaiaeeoaeue eceaaaao i?iaeaio iiae/eiaiiui, iaiauaao auneacaiiua
eie iiaiey e n o/aoii eo i?eieiaao nianoaaiiia ?aoaiea.

A – ?oeiaiaeeoaeue niaianoii n iiae/eiaiiuie ianoaeaeaao i?iaeaio e a
?acoeueoaoa au?aaaouaaaony iauaa iiaiea.

Ae – ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iinoiyiii ?aaioaao niaianoii n a?oiiie, eioi?ay eee
au?aaaouaaao eieeaeoeaiia ?aoaiea, eee i?eieiaao eo/oaa, iacaaeneii io
oiai, eoi aai aaoi?.

I?e auai?a noeey ?oeiaiaeeoaee iieuecothony neaaeothueie iniiaiuie
e?eoa?eyie:

iaee/ea aeinoaoi/iie eioi?iaoeee e iiuoa o iiae/eiaiiuo;

o?iaaiue o?aaiaaiee, i?aaeuyaeyaiuo e ?aoaieth;

/aoeinoue e no?oeoo?e?iaaiiinoue i?iaeaiu;

noaiaiue i?e/anoiinoe e aeaeai i?aaiecaoeee e iaiaoiaeeiinoue
niaeaniauaaoue n ieie ?aoaiey; aa?iyoiinoue oiai, /oi aaeeiiee/iia
?aoaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey iieo/eo iiaeaea?aeeo eniieieoaeae;

caeioa?aniaaiiinoue eniieieoaeae a aeinoeaeaiee oeaeae;

noaiaiue aa?iyoiinoe aicieeiiaaiey eiioeeeoia iaaeaeo iiae/eiaiiuie a
?acoeueoaoa i?eiyoey ?aoaiee.

Iao «A»
Aea «A»

Iao «Ae»

Iao Iao «A»
Aea «A»

Aea

Iao Aea «Ae» Aea «A»

Aea Aea
Iao

Aea Iao
Iao «A»

Iao Aea

Iao «A»
Aea «A»

Iao Aea Aea «A»

Iao
Aea «Ae»

Iao «A»
Iao «A»

Noaia 2.8. Iiaeaeue noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa A?oia – Eaooiia

A caaeneiinoe io yoeo e?eoa?eaa ?oeiaiaeeoaeue eniieuecoao iyoue
ia?a/eneaiiuo noeeae oi?aaeaiey, aeai?eoi auai?a eioi?uo io?aaeai ia
noaia 2.8..

Aeaiiay iiaeaeue ioee/aaony io ae?oaeo neooaoeeiiiuo iiaeaeae oai, /oi
aa iniiaa – i?eiyoea ?aoaiee, ii iia aiaeiae/ia ae?oaei iiaeoiaeai oai,
/oi aua ?ac iieacuaaao ?oeiaiaeeoaeth, /oi iao iioeiaeueiiai iaoiaea
aeeyiey ia iiae/eiaiiuo. Iioeiaeueiinoue noeey caaeneo io iaiythueony
ia?aiaiiuo neooaoeee i?eiyoey ?aoaiee.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ana aieueoaa ?ani?ino?aiaiea iieo/aao eiioeaioeey
ao?eaooeaiiai iiaeoiaea e auai?o noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa. A iniiaa yoie
eiioeaioeee eaaeeo ?aaeoeey ?oeiaiaeeoaey ia ia naii iiaaaeaiea
iiae/eiaiiuo, a ia i?e/eiu aai aucaaaoea. I?e yoii ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
iniiauaaaony ia o?ao aeaeao eioi?iaoeee: i oii, ianeieueei iiaaaeaiea
iiae/eiaiiiai iaoneiaeaii iniaaiiinoyie caaeaiey; i oii, ianeieueei iii
noaaeeueii, e i oii, ianeieueei iii oieeaeueii. Anee iiaaaeaiea
iiae/eiaiiiai aucaaii na?ueaciuie aioo?aiieie i?e/eiaie, ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
i?eieiaao ii ioiioaieth e iaio iaiaoiaeeiua ia?u aicaeaenoaey e a
aeaeueiaeoai inouanoaeyao eo ei??aeoeeth a niioaaonoaee n ioaaoiie
?aaeoeeae iiae/eiaiiiai. Anee aea i?e/eiu aucaaiu aiaoieie oneiaeyie,
?oeiaiaeeoaeue iai?aaeyao oneeey ia eo eciaiaiea.

Oaeei ia?acii, ia?aoiaey io iaeiie iiaeaee e ae?oaie iiaeii caiaoeoue eo
oneiaeiaiea, aeeth/aiea a ?anniio?aiea ana aieueoaa eiee/anoai oaeoi?ia,
aeeythueo ia oio noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa, eioi?iai aoaeao i?eaea?aeeaaoueny
iaiaaeaea? a eiie?aoiie neooaoeee e a eiie?aoiii eieeaeoeaa. Yoi
icia/aao, /oi ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai oiaoue aanoe naay ii-?aciiio a
?acee/iuo neooaoeeyo.

3. Oi?ie?iaaiea yooaeoeaiiai noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa

Naiue eo/oee noeeue
?oeiaiaenoaa – yoi noeeue,

i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia
?aaeueiinoue.

A?aeaee?en

?acee/iua ?anniio?aiiua neooaoeeiiiua iiaeaee iicaieytho naeaeaoue
auaiae i iaiaoiaeeiinoe aeaeiai iiaeoiaea e ?oeiaiaenoao. *oiau oi/ii
ioeaieoue neooaoeeth, ?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai oi?ioi i?aaenoaaeyoue
niiniaiinoe iiae/eiaiiuo, i?e/eio caaea/e, iio?aaiinoe, iieiiii/ey e
ea/anoai eioi?iaoeee.

?oeiaiaeeoaeth o?oaeii aua?aoue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa, oaeiaeaoai?ythueo
anao /eaiia iiae/eiaiiiai aio eieeaeoeaa. Noeeue ?aaiou neeaaeuaaaony
iiaeniciaoaeueii e iinoaiaiii, iiea ia ii?aaeaeeoueny niaieoiiinoue
i?eaiia iauaiey n iiae/eiaiiuie e aicaeaenoaey ia ieo, iicaieythueo
iaoiaeeoue iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiia e i?aaeeueiia ?aoaiea. Noaiiaeaiea noeey
oi?aaeaiey yoi anaaaea neiaeiue e aeieaia?aiaiiue i?ioeann.
?oeiaiaeeoaeth o?aaoaony iiiai a?aiaie, aeey iciaeiieaiey n
aeayoaeueiinoueth i?aaiecaoeee, a iniaaiii aeey ioeaiee
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai o?iaiy naieo iiae/eiaiiuo. ?oeiaiaeeoaeth iaiaoiaeeii
ciaoue, eae oiaoue iiaeieoe e eaaeaeiio ec naieo nio?oaeieeia, eae
i?aaeeueii iai?aaeoue noeioee?othuaa aicaeaenoaea e iaeacaoue a neo/aa
iaiaoiaeeiinoe.

Oniaoiinoue auai?a noeey ii?aaeaeyaony oai, a eaeie noaiaie
?oeiaiaeeoaeue o/eouaaao niiniaiinoue e aioiaiinoue iiae/eiaiiuo e
eniieiaieth aai ?aoaiee, o?aaeeoeee eieeaeoeaa, a oae aea ioeaieo e naie
aiciiaeiinoe, oaeea eae o?iaaiue ia?aciaaiey, noaae ?aaiou,
ineoieiae/aneea ea/anoaa. Ii auai? noeey a iaiaeie noaiaie caaeneo oae
aea io iiaeaioiaee e iiaaaeaiey iiae/eiaiiuo.

I?iaaaeaiiia enneaaeiaaiea iieacuaaao, /oi ioaeaeueiue oei noeey
?oeiaiaenoaa ia ano?a/aaony a /enoii aeaea. A ?aaeueiinoe a iiaaaeaiee
eaaeaeiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey iaaethaeathony iauea /a?ou, ?acee/iuo noeeae i?e
i?aiaeaaeathuae ?iee eaeiai-eeai iaeiiai ec ieo. Aiciiaeiinoue e
oeaeaniia?aciinoue ni/aoaiey ?acee/iuo eiiiiiaioia noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa
ii?aaeaeyaony iaee/eai a eaaeaeii noeea ii?aaeaeaiiuo /a?o, ?ieaauo
ooieoeee eioi?ua iaiythony a caaeneiinoe io neooaoeee.

Ia oi?ie?iaaiee noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa neacuaaaony oaeaea o?iaaiue ea?a?oee
oi?aaeaiey, aeae aeayoaeueiinoe (eeiaeiue, ooieoeeiiaeueiue) e
eiie?aoiua neooaoeee (?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeao auoue aaoie?aoii a iaeieo
neooaoeeyo e aeaiie?aoii – a ae?oaeo).

Anee ia?aoeoueny e enoi?e/aneiio i?ioeiio, oi a ia?eiae
nioeeaeenoe/aneie yeiiiieee i?e iaaeinoaoi/iie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe eaae?ia
oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea iieo/ee aaoie?aoe/aneee noeeue, e yoi auei
ii?aaaeaii. Ii a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo, eiaaea iiae/eiaiiua neeiiiu e
naiinoiyoaeueiui aeaenoaeyi, i?e aic?inoai eioaeeaeoa ?aaioieeia,
i/aaeaeii, /oi o iaai iao aoaeouaai. Oniaoe a nenoaia, ?oeiaiaeeiie a
aee?aeoeaiii noeea, aeeeoaeueiue ia?eiae eiatho eaaeoueany, iaaeaee
aeaenoaeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou. Iau/ii iinea iaeioi?uo aeinoeaeaiee
iaecaaaeii ianooiaao oiaaeie. E oiaaea iaia?oaeeaaaony, /oi
ia?niaeoeaiua oeaee i?eiineeenue a aea?oao oaeouei, iiaeaaeyeanue
eieoeeaoeaa iiae/eiaiiuo.

I?eaaaeaiiua aeaiiua, eae e a oeaeii i?aeoeea ?oeiaiaenoaa,
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaecaaaeiii ia?aoiaea io aaoie?aoe/aneiai e
eeaa?aeueiiai e aeaiie?aoe/aneiio noeeth, i?aeiouanoaa eioi?iai
iaia?oaeeaathony nae/an, eiaaea iinoaiaiii i?aiaeieaaathony
aaeieieno?aoeaiua iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey.

A iaoe aeie ia iiaeao ?ann/eouaaoue ia oniao ?oeiaiaeeoaeue, eioi?ue
aeaeeo a iiae/eiaiiuo ia aieaa eae eniieieoaeae.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue, eioi?ue oi/ao ?aaioaoue, eae iiaeii aieaa yooaeoeaii
aeieaeai iao/eoueny iieueciaaoueny anaie noeeyie, iaoiaeaie e oeiaie
aeeyiey, iaeaieaa iiaeoiaeyueie aeey eiie?aoiie neooaoeee, a ia
eniieueciaaoue eaeie-oi iaeei noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa ia i?ioyaeaiee anae
naiae ea?uea?u.

?oeiaiaenoai yaeyaony aei iaeioi?ie noaiaie eneonnoaii. Aiciiaeii, ii
yoie i?e/eia enneaaeiaaoaee ia niiaee ?ac?aaioaoue e iainiiaaoue oai?eth
yooaeoeaiiai noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa, eioi?ie au iiaeii auei eniieueciaaoue a
naiuo ?aciuo neooaoeeyo e naiui ?aciui ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi. Ii aiciiaeii anee
au yoio noeeue aue au?aaioai, oi naii ?oeiaiaenoai iioa?yei au anth
naith i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue, ?eneiaaiiinoue, i?aa?aoeeinue au a iaai?
noaiaea?oiuo aeaenoaee e i?eaiia. Ii ana ?anniio?aiiua noeee
?oeiaiaenoaa iiiiaoo ?oeiaiaeeoaeth iao/eoueny auae?aoue noeeue,
niia?aciue eiie?aoiie neooaoeee. A iaeioi?uo neooaoeeyo ?oeiaiaeeoaee
iiaoo aeiaeoueny yooaeoeaiinoe naiae ?aaiou, no?oeoo?e?oy caaea/e,
ieaie?oy e i?aaiecoy caaea/e e ?iee, i?iyaeyy caaioo e ieacuaay
iiaeaea?aeeo. A ae?oaeo neooaoeeyo ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeao iin/eoaoue
aieaa i?aaeeueiui ieacuaaoue aeeyiea ia iiae/eiaiiuo, a ia
no?oeoo?e?iaaoue oneiaey inouanoaeaiey eo ?aaiou. Ni a?aiaiai oa aea
naiua ?oeiaiaeeoaee niaiyo noeeue ec-ca eciaiaiey oa?aeoa?a caaea/e, n
aicieeathueie ia?aae iiae/eiaiiuie i?iaeaiaie, aeaaeaieai ni noi?iiu
aunoaai ?oeiaiaenoaa e iiiaeie ae?oaeie oaeoi?aie, oa?aeoa?iuie aeey
i?aaiecaoeee. Iiyoiio yooaeoeaiua ?oeiaiaeeoaee – yoi oa, eoi iiaeao
aanoe naay ii-?aciiio – a caaeneiinoe io o?aaiaaiee ?aaeueiinoe.

4. Noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa, eniieuecoaiua aia?eeaineeie e yiiineeie
iaiaaeaea?aie

Aia?eeaineea iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey yaeythony iaoiaeaie, eioi?ua neiaeeeenue
e oaea aeaaii e eniieuecothony a i?aeoeea oi?aaeaiey iiiaeo no?ai. A
aia?eeaineeo eiiiaieyo e oi?aaeai/aneiio ia?niiaeo i?aaeuyaeytho oaeea
o?aaiaaiey eae: ia?aciaaiea, i?aeoe/aneee iiuo ?aaiou, ineoieiae/aneay
niaianoeiinoue, oiaiea ?aaioaoue a eieeaeoeaa. ?oeiaiaeyuea eaae?u a
oe?ia iacia/athony. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony ioeaiea ineoieiae/aneie
onoie/eainoe, eae ?aaioieeia, oae e ?oeiaiaeeoaeae. Ii nae/an ai iiiaeo
eiiiaieyo nouanoaoao iaoaaoea eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ieaaeoeo oi?aaeai/aneeo
eaae?ia – ianoa?ia e ia/aeueieeia o/anoeia. Yoi iaoneiaeaii aunieeie
o?aaiaaieyie e ioaaonoaaiiinoueth; iaaeinoaoi/iui ii?aeueiui e
iaoa?eaeueiui noeioee?iaaieai; iaaeaeaieai eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ?aai/eo
caieiaoue aeieaeiinoe ianoa?a; iiauoaieai o?aaiaaiee e yoie ?aaioa a
iaeanoe oaoieee e /aeiaa/aneiai oaeoi?a. Ec-ca ?yaea yoeo e ae?oaeo
i?e/ei ?oeiaiaeeoaee i?eiaiytho ii ioiioaieth e naiei iiae/eiaiiui
aee?aeoeaiue noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa.

Iiiaea i?aeoeee oi?aaeaiey, ineoieiae, nioeeieiae i?eoee e iiaieth, /oi
aia?eeaineea ?oeiaiaeeoaee aeieaeiu eniieueciaaoue aeey oeo/oaiey
ioiioaiee n ia?niiaeii aeaiie?aoe/aneee noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa. Ii i?ecuau
iaiyoue noeeue oi?aaeaiey inoathony eeoue iiaeaeaieyie. Iiyoiio
eciaiaiea aeanoeeo iaoiaeia oi?aaeaiey ia «/aeiaa/aneea ioiioaiey» aei
neo ii? ia eiatho ianoa a aieueoeinoaa aia?eeaineeo eiiiaiee.

Eniieueciaaiea aeanoeeo iaoiaeia oi?aaeaiey i?aeoe/anee n/eoaaony
ii?aaaeaiiui e aani?iea?uoiui, iineieueeo caieaie?iaaiiua e ouaoaeueii
iiaeaioiaeaiiua ?oeiaiaeeoaeai ia?ii?eyoey iaoaeeeaathony ia i?aa?aaeu
/aeiaa/aneiai oaeoi?a. Yoi ioiineony aeaaea e oaeei e?oiiui
eiieo?aioiniiniaiui eiiiaieyi, eae «E?aenea?», «Aeaeaia?ae yeaeo?ee».
Aaoi?eoa?iue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeao aeiaeoueny aieaa aunieeo ?acoeueoaoia
?aaiou, eniieuecoy oaeea io?eoeaoaeueiua ineoieiae/aneea yaeaiey, eae
aa?anney.

Aia?eeaineea nioeeieiae e ineoieiae ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi ia i?aaei?eyoeyo
ia oaaoaao «/aeiaa/aneiai eeoea». Yoi icia/aao, /oi anai ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi
ia/eiay n naiiai «aa?oiaai yoaaea» oi?aaeaiey e, caeai/eaay «ieciaui»,
ioaeii iaiyoue noeeue oi?aaeaiey e aiaae?youe ae?oaeaneea ioiioaiey ni
naieie iiae/eiaiiuie.

I?eiaiaiea aaeieieno?aoeaiiai noeey i?ioiaeeo aeaieiie iooue: io
oi?aaeythuaai e iiae/eiaiiiio, a caoai a aeaea ia?aoiie nayce i i?eiyoee
yoiai noeey. Aeeyiea no?oeoo?u i?aaiecaoeee ia noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa
naycaii n iaeiei i?ioeai?a/eai a nenoaia oi?aaeaiey. Iiyaeaiea ia iaeiie
ec nooiaiae ie?aieaeaeueiie no?oeoo?u oi?iaeueiiai eeaea?a,
iaeaaeathuaai aaoi?eoa?iui noeeai, icia/aao, /oi ia ieaeaneaaeothueo
nooiaiyo aoaeao i?aiaeaaeaoue oi aea aaoi?eoa?iue noeeue. Ii i?e yoii
aiciiaeai aa?eaio, eiaaea ia yoie aea i?aaiecaoeeiiiie nooiaie iiyaeony
ae?oaie oi?iaeueiue eeaea?, i?eiaiythuee aeaiie?aoe/aneee noeeue
?oeiaiaenoaa. I?e yoii aa?eaioa anoue iaaeaaeaea ia oi, /oi
aeaiie?aoe/aneee noeeue noaiao i?aiaeaaeathuei ia ieaeieo nooiaiyo
?oeiaiaenoaa. Ii a aeaiiii neo/aa aicieeioo i?ioeai?a/ea iaaeaeo
?acee/iuie noeeyie, eioi?ia ia i?eaaaeao e iieiaeeoaeueiui ?acoeueoaoai.

I?aeoeea oi?aaeaiey iieacaea, /oi i?e aicieeiiaaiee iiaeiaiuo neooaoeee
n iaee/eai aieueoiai /enea ea?a?oe/aneeo nooiaiae auai? aoaeao naeaeai a
iieueco aaoi?eoa?iiai noeey, iaiaa anaai iaoeaeaiiiai ia o/ao
/aeiaa/aneiai oaeoi?a e a aieueoae noaiaie i?eaioe?iaaiiiai ia
auiieiaiea caaea/ ethauie n?aaenoaaie.

Aia?eeaineea o/aiua Ae. Eaooe e ?. Eii ioia/aee, /oi ?oeiaiaeeoaeae
ieciaiai caaia oi?aaeaiey ia eiaao niunea iao/aoue «/aeiaa/aneei
ioiioaieyi». Ethaee, ei iiae/eiaiiua aieaa i?eaueee e aaoi?eoa?iui
iaoiaeai ia?auaiey. Iao/aiea yoeo iaiaaeaea?ia /aeiaa/aneei ioiioaieyi
oieueei naeaaao eo n oieeo.

Ii nae/an ia?aae aia?eeaineeie ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie anoaea caaea/a i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe auno?iai ia?aoiaea e aeaiie?aoe/aneiio oi?aaeaieth,
iineieueeo iiae/eiaiiua o?aaotho aieaa iyaeeo iaoiaeia aicaeaenoaey ia
ieo. Iiyoiio iiiaea ?oeiaiaeeoaee e?oiiuo i?aaei?eyoee auioaeaeaiu
i?ioiaeeoue aeiiieieoaeueioth iiaeaioiaeo e oanoe?iaaiey ii
oniaa?oainoaiaaieth i?eiaiyaiuo iaoiaeia ?oeiaiaenoaa, a oii /enea e o
naieo i?aoniaaathueo eiieo?aioia – yiiineeo iaiaaeaea?ia.

ssiiineea iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey ioee/athony io aia?eeaineeo iaoiaeia. Yoi
ia cia/eo, /oi yiiioeu oi?aaeytho aieaa yooaeoeaii. Iniiaiua i?eioeeiu
yiiineiai e aa?iiaeneiai iaiaaeaeiaioa eaaeao a ?aciuo ieineinoyo, eiay
i/aiue iaiiiai oi/ae ia?ana/aiey.

ssiiineee iaoiae oi?aaeaiey ioee/aaony naiae iai?aaeaiiinoueth: iniiaiui
i?aaeiaoii oi?aaeaiey a ssiiiee yaeythony o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu. Oeaeue,
eioi?oth noaaeo ia?aae niaie yiiineee oi?aaeythuee – iiauneoue
yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaiou i?aaei?eyoey a iniiaiii ca n/ao iiauoaiey
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea ?aaioieeia. A aia?eeaineii iaiaaeaeiaioa
iniiaiie oeaeueth yaeyaony iaeneiecaoeey i?eauee, oi anoue iieo/aiea
iaeaieueoae auaiaeu n iaeiaiueoeie oneeeyie. I/aaeaeia ?acieoea a
aeoeaioao. Ii iiaieth yiiineiai niaoeeaeenoa ii iaiaaeaeiaioo Oeaeaee
Eineoa?a, anoue oanoue oa?aeoa?iuo i?eciaeia yiiineiai oi?aaeaiey.

Aa?aioey caiyoinoe e nicaeaiea ianoaiiaee aeiaa?eoaeueiinoe. Oaeea
aa?aioee aaaeoo e noaaeeueiinoe o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia e oiaiueoatho
oaeo/anoue eaae?ia. Noaaeeueiinoue neoaeeo noeioeii aeey ?aai/eo e
neoaeaueo, iia oe?aieyao /oanoai ei?ii?aoeaiie iauiinoe, aa?iiiece?oao
ioiioaiey ?yaeiauo nio?oaeieeia n ?oeiaiaenoaii. Inaiaiaeeaoenue io
aeaayuae oa?icu oaieueiaiey e eiay ?aaeueioth aiciiaeiinoue aeey
i?iaeaeaeaiey ii aa?oeeaee, ?aai/ea iieo/atho iioeaaoeeth aeey
oe?aieaiey /oanoaa iauiinoe n eiiiaieae. Noaaeeueiinoue oae aea
niinianoaoao oeo/oaieth acaeiiioiioaiee iaaeaeo ?aaioieeaie
oi?aaeai/aneiai o?iaiy e ?yaeiauie ?aai/eie, /oi, ii iiaieth yiiioeaa,
niaa?oaiii iaiaoiaeeii aeey oeo/oaiey aeayoaeueiinoe eiiiaiee.
Noaaeeueiinoue aeaao aiciiaeiinoue eiee/anoaaiiiai oaaee/aiey
oi?aaeai/aneeo ?ano?nia, n iaeiie noi?iiu, e niciaoaeueiiai iai?aaeaiey
aaeoi?a eo aeoeaiinoe ia oeaee aieaa cia/eiua, /ai iiaeaea?aeaiea
aeenoeeieeiu. Aa?aioee caiyoinoe a ssiiiee iaania/eaaao nenoaia
iiaeeciaiiiai iaeia – yaeaiea oieeaeueiia e ai iiiaii iaiiiyoiia aeey
aa?iiaeneiai ia?aca iunee.

Aeaniinoue e oeaiiinoe ei?ii?aoeee. Eiaaea ana o?iaie oi?aaeaiey e
?aai/ea ia/eiatho iieueciaaoueny iauae aacie eioi?iaoeee i iieeoeea e
aeayoaeueiinoe oe?iu, ?acaeaaaony aoiinoa?a o/anoey e iauae
ioaaonoaaiiinoe, /oi oeo/oaao acaeiiaeaenoaea e iiauoaao
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue. A yoii ioiioaiee ano?a/e e niaauaiey, a eioi?uo
i?eieiatho o/anoea eiaeaia?u e ?aaioieee aaeieieno?aoeee, aeatho
nouanoaaiiua ?acoeueoaou. ssiiineay nenoaia oi?aaeaiey noa?aaony oaeaea
nicaeaoue iauoth aeey anao ?aaioieeia oe?iu aaco iiieiaiey
ei?ii?aoeeiiiuo oeaiiinoae, oaeeo, eae i?ei?eoao ea/anoaaiiiai
ianeoaeeaaiey, oneoa aeey iio?aaeoaey, nio?oaeie/anoai ?aai/eo n
aaeieieno?aoeeae, nio?oaeie/anoai e acaeiiaeaenoaea ioaeaeia. Oi?aaeaiea
no?aieony iinoiyiii i?eaeaaoue e iiaeaea?aeeaaoue ei?ii?aoeeiiiua
oeaiiinoe ia anao o?iaiyo.

Oi?aaeaiea, iniiaaiiia ia eioi?iaoeee. Nai?o aeaiiuo e eo
nenoaiaoe/aneiio eniieueciaaieth aeey iiauoaiey yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa e ea/anoaaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee i?iaeoeoeee
i?eaeaaony iniaia cia/aiea. Ai iiiaeo oe?iao, niae?athueo oaeaaeci?u,
i?eiaiytho nenoaio nai?a eioi?iaoeee, i?e eioi?ie iiaeii auyaeoue,
eiaaea oaeaaeci? iinooiee a i?iaeaaeo, eoi ioaa/ae ca eni?aaiinoue oiai
eee eiiai ocea. Oaeei ia?acii, auyaeythony ia oieueei aeiiaiua ca
iaeni?aaiinoue, ii, aeaaiui ia?acii, i?e/eiu iaeni?aaiinoe, e
i?eieiathony ia?u aeey iaaeiiouaiey iiaeiaiiai a aoaeouai. ?oeiaiaeeoaee
aaeaiany/ii i?iaa?ytho noaouee aeioiaeia, iauai i?iecaiaenoaa, ea/anoai
e aaeiaoth au?o/eo, /oiau iiniio?aoue, aeinoeaatho ee oeeo?u caaeaiiuo
iieacaoaeae e /oiau oaeaeaoue a?yaeouea o?oaeiinoe ia ?aiieo yoaiao eo
aicieeiiaaiey.

Oi?aaeaiea, i?eaioe?iaaiiia ia ea/anoai. I?aceaeaiou oe?i e oi?aaeythuea
eiiiaiee ia yiiineeo i?aaei?eyoeyo /aua anaai aiai?yo i iaiaoiaeeiinoe
eiio?iey ea/anoaa. I?e oi?aaeaiee i?iecaiaenoaaiiui i?ioeannii eo
aeaaiay caaioa – iieo/aiea oi/iuo aeaiiuo i ea/anoaa. Ee/iay ai?aeinoue
?oeiaiaeeoaey caeeth/aaony a cae?aieaiee oneeee ii eiio?ieth ca
ea/anoaii e, a eoiaa, a ?aaioa ii?o/aiiiai aio o/anoea i?iecaiaenoaa n
iaeaunoei ea/anoaii.

Iinoiyiiia i?enoonoaea ?oeiaiaenoaa ia i?iecaiaenoaa. *oiau auno?i
ni?aaeony n cao?oaeiaieyie e aeey niaeaenoaey ?aoaieth i?iaeai ii ia?a
eo aicieeiiaaiey, yiiioeu ca/anooth ?aciauatho oi?aaeythuee ia?niiae
i?yii a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiiauaieyo. Ii ia?a ?ac?aoaiey eaaeaeie
i?iaeaiu aiinyony iaaieueoea iiaiaaaaeaiey, /oi i?eaiaeeo e iaeiieaieth
aeiiieieoaeueiuo iiaoanoa. A ssiiiee aeey niaeaenoaey aeiiieieoaeueiui
iiaiaaaaeaieyi oe?iei eniieuecoaony nenoaia iiaaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee e
e?oaeee ea/anoaa.

Iiaeaea?aeaiea /enoiou e ii?yaeea. Iaeiei ec nouanoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia
aunieiai ea/anoaa yiiineeo oiaa?ia yaeythony /enoioa e ii?yaeie ia
i?iecaiaenoaa. ?oeiaiaeeoaee yiiineeo i?aaei?eyoee noa?athony
onoaiiaeoue oaeie ii?yaeie, eioi?ue iiaeao neoaeeoue aa?aioeae ea/anoaa
i?iaeoeoeee e niiniaai iiauneoue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue aeaaiaea?y
/enoioa e ii?yaeeo.

A oeaeii yiiineia oi?aaeaiea ioee/aao oii? ia oeo/oaiea /aeiaa/aneeo
ioiioaiee: niaeaniaaiiinoue, a?oiiiaoth i?eaioaoeeth, ii?aeueiua
ea/anoaa neoaeaueo, noaaeeueiinoue caiyoinoe e aa?iiiecaoeeth ioiioaiey
iaaeaeo ?aai/eie e oi?aaeythueie.

Nia?aiaiiua iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey neiaeeeenue a ssiiiee a oneiaeyo
iineaaiaiiie ?ac?ooe, eioi?ay iinoaaeea ia?aae ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie caaea/o
ainnoaiiaeaiey nioeeaeueiie, iieeoe/aneie e yeiiiie/aneie aeecie. Iiae
aeeyieai aia?eeaineie aaeieieno?aoeee aoaeouea yiiineea iaiaaeaea?u
iiciaeiieeenue n aia?eeaineie eaeaieiaeae e iaoiaeaie oi?aaeaiey
aecianii. Eiaiii a yoio ia?eiae eeaea?u yiiineiai aeciana ia/aee
iinoeaaoue nioeeaeueioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca iineaaenoaey naiae
aeayoaeueiinoe.

?oeiaiaeeoaee yiiineeo i?aaei?eyoee inouanoaeyee naie caaea/e, nia/aea
i?eiaiyy o?aaeeoeeiiiua iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey e iiaui oneiaeyi, a caoai n
iiiiuueth onaiaiiuo eie oai?ee e iaoiaeia aia?eeaineiai oi?aaeaiey. Iie
iuoaeenue ia oieueei oai?/anee i?eiaieoue i?aaeaiaiiue iiuo e iiaui
oneiaeyi, ii e ecaea/ue iieaciua o?iee, aini?eiyoue iiaua eaeae e oaeei
ia?acii iaeoe iiaue, yiiineee iooue ?acaeoey.

A ?acoeueoaoa iniiaiua /a?ou yiiineie nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey ii?aaeaeyao
?yae eiioeaioeee, ionoonoaothueo a aia?eeaineie iiaeaee. Aaaeiaeoeie ec
ieo yaeythony nenoaia iiaeeciaiiiai iaeia e i?ioeann eieeaeoeaiiai
i?eiyoey ?aoaiee.

ssiiineia iauanoai iaeii?iaeii e i?iiecaii aeooii eieeaeoeaecia.
ssiiioeu anaaaea iuneyo io eiaie a?oii. Ee/iinoue iniciaao naay,
i?aaeaea anaai eae /eaia a?oiiu, a naith eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue – eae
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue /anoe oeaeiai. Yoei e iauyniyaony aunieay
niaeaniaaiiinoue aeaenoaee yiiineeo ?aaioieeia. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue a
iniiaiii eniieuecoao aeaiie?aoe/aneee noeeue oi?aaeaiey, oae eae
iiae/eiaiiua eiatho aunieee i?ioanneiiaeueiue o?iaaiue e
caeioa?aniaaiiinoue a ?acoeueoaoao o?oaea.

Oaeei ia?acii, ia aia?eeaineeo i?aaei?eyoeyo i?aiaeaaeaao aaoi?eoa?iue
noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa e nouanoaoao iaiaoiaeeiinoue aai oniaa?oainoaiaaiey.
Ia yiiineeo i?aaei?eyoeyo neiaeeeenue onoie/eaua aeaiie?aoe/aneea
iaoiaeu ?oeiaiaenoaa.

Caeeth/aiea

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi a naiae i?aeoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaee ia eniieuecotho iaeei onoiyaoeeny noeeue
?oeiaiaenoaa. Iie auioaeaeaiu aai iinoiyiii ei??aeoe?iaaoue a
niioaaonoaee n eciaiythueieny eae aioo?aiieie, oae e aiaoieie oneiaeyie.
Nae/an ?oeiaiaeeoaee aeieaeiu aieueoa aieiaiey oaeaeyoue /aeiaa/aneei
ea/anoaai naieo iiae/eiaiiuo, eo i?aaeaiiinoe oe?ia e niiniaiinoe
?aoaoue i?iaeaiu. Aunieea oaiiu ii?aeueiiai noa?aiey e iinoiyiiua
ia?aiaiu, oa?aeoa?iua naaiaeiy ii/oe aeey anao io?aneae i?iecaiaenoaa
auioaeaeatho ?oeiaiaeeoaeae auoue iinoiyiii aioiauie e i?iaaaeaieth
oaoie/aneeo e i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ?aoi?i, a oae aea e eciaiaieth noeey
?oeiaiaenoaa. Eniieuecoy ?anniio?aiiua a aeaiiie ?aaioa iiaeaee, eioi?ua
eco/aeenue ?acee/iuie enneaaeiaaoaeyie, ?oeiaiaeeoaeue niiaeao a
eiie?aoiie neooaoeee i?iaiaeece?iaaoue, iiaeia?aoue e ioeaieoue
?acoeueoaou io eniieueciaaiey oiai eee eiiai noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa. Io
auai?a noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa caaeneo ia oieueei aaoi?eoao ?oeiaiaeeoaey e
yooaeoeaiinoue aai ?aaiou, ii oae aea aoiinoa?a a eieeaeoeaa e
acaeiiioiioaiey iaaeaeo iiae/eiaiiuie e ?oeiaiaeeoaeai. Eiaaea any
i?aaiecaoeey ?aaioaao aeinoaoi/ii yooaeoeaii e ?iaii, oi ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
iaia?oaeeaaao, /oi iiieii iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae aeinoeaiooi e iiiaia
ae?oaia, – a oii /enea e i?inoia /aeiaa/aneia n/anouea, acaeiiiiieiaiea
e oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

Aa/oe A.A. Aee?aeoi?neee oeaa: caieiaoaeueii ia oi?aaeaiee. E., 1991.

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//Oi?aaeaiea ia?niiaeii. –1997.-?8.

Niaea?aeaiea

no?

Aaaaeaiea 1

1. ?oeiaiaenoai 2

1.1. Oi?aaeaiea e aai yeaiaiou 2

1.2. ?oeiaiaenoai – ?aciiaeaeiinoue oicyenoaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey 6

1.2.1. Ee/iinoue ?oeiaiaeeoaey 10

1.2.2. Eaoaai?ee iiaaaeaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey A. THeea 16

1.2.3. Noeeue ?oeiaiaenoaa 21

2. Eeanneoeeaoeey noeeae ?oeiaiaenoaa 25

2.1. «Iaeiiia?iua» noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa 25

2.1.1. Iiaeaeue E. Eaaeia 28

2.1.2. Iiaeaeue Eaeea?oa 33

2.2. «Iiiaiia?iua» noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa 35

2.2.1. «Oi?aaeai/aneay ?aoaoea» ?. Aeaeea e Ioooiia 36

2.2.2. Iiaeaeue Oaiiaiaaoia e Oieaeoa 39

2.2.3. Iiaeaeue yooaeoeaiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa O. Oeaeea?a 41

2.2.4. Iiaeaeue «iooue-oeaeue» Ieo/aea e Oaona 44

2.2.5. Iiaeaeue aeeciaiiiai oeeeea A. Oa?ne e E. Aeaioa?a 46

2.2.6. Iiaeaeue i?eiyoey ?aoaiee ?oeiaiaeeoaeai A?oia-Eaooiia 48

3. Oi?ie?iaaiea yooaeoeaiiai noeey ?oeiaiaenoaa 51

4. Noeee ?oeiaiaenoaa, eniieuecoaiua aia?eeaineeie e yiiineeie
iaiaaeaea?aie 54

Caeeth/aiea 60

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u 61

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