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No?aieoea 6

Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oieaa?neoao Oi?aaeaiey

Eaoaae?a Oeiainiaue iaiaaeaeiaio.

?aoa?ao ia oaio:

“Nia?aiaiiue iaiaaeaeiaio”

ii aeenoeeieeia Iaiaaeaeiaio

Auiieiee nooaeaio: N. A. Oienoia

Iineaa 1998 aiae.

NIAeA?AEAIEA.

Aeaaa 1. Aaaaeaiea. no?. 3-4

Aeaaa 2. Iniiaiay /anoue. no?. 5-17

Aeaaa 3. Caeeth/aiea no?. 17-18

Aeaaa 1.

AAAAeAIEA

Oi?aaeaiea iiyaeeinue aianoa n ethaeueie. Oai aaea oioy au aeaa
/aeiaaea, iauaaeeiyeenue a no?aieaiee aeinoe/ue eaeie, eeai iauae
oeaee, aicieeaea caaea/a eii?aeeiaoeee eo niaianoiuo aeaenoaee, ?aoaiea
eioi?ie eoi-oi ec ieo aeieaeai aue a?aoue ia naay. A yoeo oneiaeyo ii
noaiiaeeny ?oeiaiaeeoaeai, oi?aaeythuei, a ae?oaie – aai iiae/eiaiiui,
eniieieoaeai.

Ia anao yoaiao noaiiaeaiey iauanoaa i?iaeaia oi?aaeaiey noiyea
aeiaieueii ino?i e iiiaea ethaee iuoaeenue ?aoeoue a? ii eo o?oaeu
iineee ?ac?iciaiiue oa?aeoa? e ia ninoaaeyee iaiauaiiie oai?ee.

Iinoaiaiii n ?acaeoeai oiaa?ii-aeaiaaeiuo ioiioaiee ?acaeaaeinue e
oi?aaeaiea. Ai a?aiaia ?aaiaeaaeaiey i?ioeaaoaea oi?aiaey; iicaeiaa, ai
a?aiaia oaiaeaeecia e i?ioeaaoaiey iaoo?aeueiiai oicyenoaa cia/aiea
oi?aiaee a aea?aaia iaiiiai oiaiueoeeinue, ii n ?acaeoeai ai?iaeia e
?aianea iia aiiaue i?eia?aea naia ia?aiia/aeueiia cia/aiea. Ai a?aiaia
noaiiaeaiey eaieoaeecia e ia?aiia/aeueiiai iaeiieaiey eaieoaea
i?ioeaaoaei oeiainiaia i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, a iicaeiaa – i?iiuoeaiiia.
A na?aaeeia O1O aaea oi?aaeaiea i?eia?aei iiaua oi?iu. Anee aei yoiai
aaeeiiee/iui oi?aaeaioeai aue oicyei, oi ai a?aiaia ao?iiai
i?iiuoeaiiiai ?inoa no?oeoo?a cia/eoaeueii eciaieeanue.

Eiaiii ia yoii yoaia e ia/ae ?acaeaaoueny iaiaaeaeiaio a oii aeaea, a
eioi?ii iu i?eaueee aini?eieiaoue yoi neiai. Iaeuecy neacaoue, /oi ii
iiyaeeny aiacaiii eiaiii n ?acaeoeai eaieoaeecia, ii nouanoaiaae e
?aiueoa. Ai a?aiaia ?aaiaeaaeaiey auee oi?aaeythuea ia ieaioaoeeyo,
eioi?ua neaaeeee ca i?aaeeueiinoueth auiieiaiey ?aaio, ii yoi
i?aaeeueiaa auei au iacaaoue iaaeniio?ii, /ai oi?aaeaieai. Ai a?aiaia
oaiaeaeecia e i?ioeaaoaiey iaoo?aeueiiai oicyenoaa, oaeaea nouanoaiaaee
oi?aaeythuea, iiiiuieee oicyeia, yoi, iaaa?iia, iiaeii n/eoaoue iaeiei
ec ia?auo i?iyaeaiee eiaiii oi?aaeaiey, a ia oieueei iaaeniio?a iaae
?aaioathueie, iineieueeo o oi?aaeythuaai auea aiciiaeiinoue iaiaa?a: ii
iia caiaieoue aeae ?aaio a aeaea iiiu?aiey eee iaeacaiey e?anoueyi, iia
nieceoue iaeia (i?aaaea, eeoue ca n/ao iiauoaiey iaeiaa aeey ae?oaeo).
Yoi auei oaiaia, ii ana aea i?iyaeaiea oi?aaeaiey.

E oieueei ai aoi?ie iieiaeia i?ioeiai aaea iinea iiaaaeu i?iiuoeaiiie
?aaiethoeee ia Caiaaea neooaoeey ?acei eciaieeanue. ?uii/iua ioiioaiey
aeaaeaee anaie noa?aie aeecie iauanoaa. Eae a?eau iinea aeiaeaey ?inee
e?oiiua oe?iu, o?aaiaaaoea aieueoiai /enea ?oeiaiaeeoaeae aunoaai e
n?aaeiaai o?iaiae, niiniaiuo i?eieiaoue a?aiioiua ?aoeeiiaeueiua
?aoaiey, oiathuea ?aaioaoue n aieueoeie iannaie ethaeae. Iiyoiio io
oi?aaeythueo o?aaiaaeny aunieee i?ioanneiiaeeci, eiiiaoaioiinoue,
oiaiea niecia?youe naith aeayoaeueiinoue n nouanoaothueie caeiiaie. A
?acoeueoaoa iiyaeyaony a?oiia ethaeae, niaoeeaeueii caieiathueony
oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth. Yoei ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi oaea ia ioaeii
aea?aeaoue naieo iiae/eiaiiuo a iiaeiiaaiee aeanoiie ?oeie. Aeaaiie
caaea/ae noaiiaeony e?iiioeeaay i?aaiecaoeey, e eaaeaeiaeiaaiia
oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaii a oeaeyo iaania/aiey iaeaieueoae i?eauee
nianoaaiieeai oe?iu. Yoe ethaee noaee iacuaaoueny iaiaaeaea?aie.

ss?eei i?eia?ii yaeyaony Aia?eea: iiiaeanoai eiioi?, ?aaioathueo a
?acee/iuo iaeanoyo. Eaaeaeay ec ieo eiaao naith oi?aaeai/aneoth
no?oeoo?o, aaea e?iia i?aceaeaioa (oicyeia) anoue aua e oi?aaeythuee,
oeiainenou e aiaeeoeee, caieiathueany ?ac?aaioeie iieeoeee oe?iu. Oa ec
ieo, /uee niaoeeaeenou ieacaeenue iaeaieaa oaeaioeeauie, iiuoiuie e
a?aiioiuie auaeeee a ii?a aeeeie eiieo?aioeee. Ana naiua ciaiaieoua
aia?eeaineea aecianiaiu: Aai?e Oi?ae, ?ieoaeea? e iiiaea ae?oaea
ia/eiaee n iaeiai, ii, auno?i ni?eaioe?iaaaoenue a neiaeeaoaeny ia ?uiea
neooaoeee, niiaee iaa?aoue eiiaiaeo e naeaeaoue naith ?aaioo
iaeneiaeueii yooaeoeaiie, ?aaioay auno?aa e eo/oa ae?oaeo, iie noaee
eeaea?aie a naiae iaeanoe.

Iniiaiay oeaeue nouanoaiaaiey ethaiai aeciana e nicaeaiey ethaie oe?iu –
i?eaanoe oe?io e aa?oeia Oniaoa, cae?aieoue aa oai e aeaoue ae
aiciiaeiinoue niaei niio?aoue a aoaeouaa, aeaey oai iiaua ia?niaeoeau
aa ?acaeoey. Nouiinoue aeciana ninoieo a iinoiyiiii niaa?oainoaiaaiee
naiie oe?iu, aa no?aoaaee e oaeoeee a ai?ueaa ca ianoi ia ?uiea, a
no?aieaiee e niaa?oainoao. I?eoiiiaeaiea eaieoaea, iieo/aiea i?eauee e
?acaeoea oe?iu, iaaeaaeaea ia aoaeouaa – aio oa ninoaaeythuea, aac
eioi?uo aecian iaiuneei. Oae aea ii iaiuneei aac oaeaioeeauo
iaiaaeaea?ia, eioi?ua iiaoo iiaanoe ca niaie ethaeae e ?aaeeciaaoue ana
caaeoiaiiia.

Aeaaa 2.

1. Iaiaaeaeiaio.

Iiiyoea “IAIAAeAEIAIO” a iineaaeiaa a?aiy ana /aua e /aua
oiio?aaeyaony a ?onneii ycuea. Ioe?uaathony “oeieu iaiaaeaea?ia”,
nicaeathony “eeoau iaiaaeaea?ia”, i?iaiaeyony “naieia?u iaiaaeaea?ia”,
ii ?aaeei ethaee ioaeatho naaa io/ao a oii, /oi aea eiaiii ne?uaaaony
ca yoei e?aneaui neiaii.

Neiaa “iaiaaeaea?” e “iaiaaeaeiaio” oiio?aaeyeenue a aiaeeeneii
ycuea aua a i?ioeii noieaoee. Ii eeoue ei aoi?ie /aoaa?oe XX aaea iie
iinoaiaiii ia/eiatho i?eia?aoaoue ii?aaeaeaiiia cia/aiea, a
niioaaonoaee, n eioi?ui iaiaaeaea?ii yaeyaony /aeiaae, i?aaiecothuee
eiie?aoioth ?aaioo, ?oeiaiaenoaoynue nia?aiaiiuie iaoiaeaie.

A eeoa?aoo?a iaiaaeaeiaio ii?aaeaeyaony eae oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaii,
nenoaia iaoiaeia, i?eioeeiia, n?aaenoa e oi?i oi?aaeaiey, ?ac?aaioaiiuo
e i?eiaiyaiuo a ?acaeouo no?aiao aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
i?iecaiaenoaa eee eiie iauanoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

A nayce n yoei aicieeaao aii?in: anoue ee aeey ian iaiaoiaeeiinoue ia
oieueei eco/aoue, ii e aiiaua oiio?aaeyoue iiiyoea “iaiaaeaeiaio”,
anee a ?onneii ycuea nouanoaoao oa?iei “oi?aaeaiea”, a i?iaeaiu
oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii aeinoaoi/ii iieii ?ane?uou a ioa/anoaaiiie
eeoa?aoo?a. Aeaenoaeoaeueii, yoe iiiyoey eaaeoony eaeaioe/iuie, ii a
neeo enoi?e/aneeo, iieeoe/aneeo e ?yaea ae?oaeo i?e/ei eo nouiinoue
aeaeaei iaiaeeiaeiaa.

1.1 *oi neaaeoao o/eouaaoue i?e auai?a no?oeoo? oi?aaeaiey.

1.1.1 I?eciaee iioeiecaoeee no?oeoo?u:

· Iaaieueoea iiae?acaeaeaiey n aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiui ia?niiaeii

· Iaaieueoia /enei o?iaiae ?oeiaiaenoaa

· Iaee/ea a no?oeoo?a a?oii niaoeeaeenoia

· Auno?ay ?aaeoeey ia eciaiaiey

· Aunieay i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue

· Ieceea cao?aou

1.1.2 Aeeythuea oaeoi?u:

· Oaoiieiaey

· Aiaoiaa ie?oaeaiea

· ?acia? i?aaei?eyoey

· No?aoaaey aeciana

· Nenoaia ?aoaiee

· Neiaeeaoayny no?oeoo?a

· Eiathueeny ia?niiae

1.1.3 I?eciaee no?oeoo?ecaoeee:

· Ooieoeeiiaeueiia iacia/aiea

· Ianeoaeeaaaiue i?iaeoeo

· Ianeoaeeaaaiay a?oiia iio?aaeoaeae

· Ianeoaeeaaaiue ?aaeii

· Eioa?aae ?aai/aai a?aiaie

· Eiee/anoai iiae/eiaiiuo

· Ianeoaeeaaaiue i?ioeann

Niaieoiiinoue ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe anao aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe auoa, /ai
i?inoay noiia ?acoeueoaoia eaaeaeiai ec ieo a ioaeaeueiinoe.

1.2 No?oeoo?a i?aaei?eyoey.

Aeaia?oaiacaoeey – aeaeaiea i?aaiecaoeee ia ioaeaeueiua aeiee (ioaeaeu,
ioaeaeaiey, ath?i)

1.2.1 N?aaiaiea aa?eaioia no?oeoo?

No?oeoo?a – yoi n?aaenoai aeey aeinoeaeaiey oeaee i?aaiecaoeee.

1.2.2 Ooieoeeiiaeueiay no?oeoo?a

I?aeiouanoai:

· Yooaeoeaiinoue ca n/ao niaoeeaeecaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe

· Oeaio?aeeciaaiiue eiio?ieue ca no?aoaae/aneeie ?aoaieyie

· Aeaoa?aioeaoeey e aeaeaae?iaaiea iieiiii/eeIaaeinoaoee:

· Niaeaenoaea oceie niaoeeaeecaoeee iiae?acaeaeaiee

· o?oaeiinoe eii?aeeiaoeee

· ia?aie/aiiay aiciiaeiinoue aeey ?acaeoey iaiaaeaea?ia

1.2.3 Iiae?acaeaeai/aneay no?oeoo?a.

I?aeiouanoai:

· Iia?aoeaiia ?aaae?iaaiea ia eciaiaiea neooaoeee

· Naeeaeaiea no?aoaae/aneeo e oaeoueo ?aoaiee

· Naeeaeaiea ioaaonoaaiiinoe e oi?aaeaiey

· Ia?niaeoeau aeey ?inoa iaiaaeaea?iaIaaeinoaoee:

· Neiaeiinoue a ii?aaeaeaiee eioa?aaeia aeanoe

· ?acee/ey eaaeeoeeaoeee ia?niiaea a iaeiioeiiuo iiae?acaeaeaieyo

· Aioo?aiiyy eiieo?aioeey ca ?ano?nu

· Aioo?aiiea eiioeeeou i?e nienaiee iaeeaaeiuo ?anoiaeia

1.2.4 Oeaio?aeecaoeey oi?aaeaiey

I?aeiouanoaa:

· Oeo/oaaony eiio?ieue e eii?aeeiaoeey

· Oaycuaathony eioa?anu a?oii

· Yooaeoeaii eniieuecoaony oeaio?aeueiue aiia?aoIaaeinoaoee:

· Iiauoaaony a?aiy i?eiyoey ?aoaiee

· Aaneony eieoeeaoeaa

· Caaea?aeeaaaony ?ino eaaeeoeeaoeee iaiaaeaea?ia

2. Yeaeo?iiiua eaiaeu ia?eaoeiaa e aeeno?eaooeee a nia?aiaiiii
iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Iniiaiay oeaeue nouanoaiaaiey ethaiai aeciana e nicaeaiey ethaie oe?iu –
i?eaanoe oe?io e aa?oeia Oniaoa, cae?aieoue aa oai e aeaoue ae
aiciiaeiinoue niaei niio?aoue a aoaeouaa, aeaey oai iiaua ia?niaeoeau
aa ?acaeoey. Nouiinoue aeciana ninoieo a iinoiyiiii niaa?oainoaiaaiee
naiie oe?iu, aa no?aoaaee e oaeoeee a ai?ueaa ca ianoi ia ?uiea, a
no?aieaiee e niaa?oainoao. I?eoiiiaeaiea eaieoaea, iieo/aiea i?eauee e
?acaeoea oe?iu, iaaeaaeaea ia aoaeouaa – aio oa ninoaaeythuea, aac
eioi?uo aecian iaiuneei. Oae aea ii iaiuneei aac oaeaioeeauo
iaiaaeaea?ia, eioi?ua iiaoo iiaanoe ca niaie ethaeae e ?aaeeciaaoue ana
caaeoiaiiia.

ss?eei i?eia?ii yaeyaony Aia?eea: iiiaeanoai eiioi?, ?aaioathueo a
?acee/iuo iaeanoyo. Eaaeaeay ec ieo eiaao naith oi?aaeai/aneoth
no?oeoo?o, aaea e?iia i?aceaeaioa (oicyeia) anoue aua e oi?aaeythuee,
oeiainenou e aiaeeoeee, caieiathueany ?ac?aaioeie iieeoeee oe?iu. Oa ec
ieo, /uee niaoeeaeenou ieacaeenue iaeaieaa oaeaioeeauie, iiuoiuie e
a?aiioiuie auaeeee a ii?a aeeeie eiieo?aioeee. Ana naiua ciaiaieoua
aia?eeaineea aecianiaiu: Aai?e Oi?ae, ?ieoaeea? e ae?oaea ia/eiaee n
iaeiai aeciana, ii, auno?i ni?eaioe?iaaaoenue a neiaeeaoaeny ia ?uiea
neooaoeee, iie niiaee iaa?aoue eiiaiaeo e naeaeaoue naith ?aaioo
iaeneiaeueii yooaeoeaiie; ?aaioay eo/oa ae?oaeo, noaee eeaea?aie a
naiae iaeanoe.

Eiioeaioeey ia?eaoeiaa ca iiiaea aiaeu naiaai nouanoaiaaiey i?aoa?iaea
?yae eciaiaiee. Naaiaeiy iaeaieueooth iiioey?iinoue i?eia?aea iiaeaeue
“ia?eaoeiaiaiai oi?aaeaiey”, o.a. aeieain?i/iiai ieaie?iaaiey e
i?iaiice?iaaiey, iie?athuayny ia enneaaeiaaieyo ?uiea, iiaaaeaiey e
i?eau/ae iieoiaoaey, eniieueciaaiea eiiieaeniuo iaoiaeia oi?ie?iaaiey
ni?ina e noeioee?iaaiea iin?aaeieeia, oaeiaeaoai?aiea iio?aaiinoae
eiie?aoiuo oeaeaauo a?oii iieoiaoaeae. A oeaio?a nia?aiaiiie eiioeaioeee
ia?eaoeiaa iaoiaeeony iio?aaeoaeue. E anee aei iineaaeiaai a?aiaie
aiciiaeiinoue iieo/aiey aai “?aioaaiianeiai nieiea” i?aaenoaaeyeanue
i?aeoe/anee ia?aaeecoaiie, oi ni noaiiaeaieai eioa?aeoeaiuo eaiaeia
nayce ia/ou i “i?ic?a/iii” iieoiaoaea noaee i?eia?aoaoue ?aaeueiua
oi?iu.

Nia?aiaiiia iauanoai i?aaeinoaaeyao ana aieueoaio eiee/anoao naieo
/eaiia i?aai auai?a i?e iieoiea oiaa?ia e oneoa. E auai? yoio a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue aace?oaony ia ea/anoaa ianeoaeeaaiey. Iio?aaeoaeue oaea
ioeaiee i?aeiouanoaa eioa?aeoeaiiai eiioaeoa n i?iaeaaoeii, aeaaiuie ec
eioi?uo yaeythony auno?ay ?aaeoeey ia cai?inu, aunieay nei?inoue
auiieiaiey caeacia, oaeianoai iieo/aiey ii/oe iaia?aie/aiiie
eioi?iaoeee.

Enneaaeiaaiey, i?iaaaeaiiua a Aa?iaiee, iieacuaatho, /oi n?aaeiee
aic?ano iooaoanoaaiieeia ii eeaa?i?ino?ainoao ninoaaeyao 29 eao; 62% ec
ieo eee eiatho aunoaa ia?aciaaiea, eee aeecee e aai caaa?oaieth.

Aunoea ?oeiaiaeeoaee ?yaea eiiiaiee i?iaeieaeatho n/eoaoue, /oi
eiioeiaaio iieueciaaoaeae aeiaaeueiuo naoae ninoaaeytho eeoue iaeie
nooaeaiou e oieaa?neoaoneea i?ioanni?a, eioi?ua a eeaa?i?ino?ainoaa
caieiathony eneeth/eoaeueii iieneii iao/iie eioi?iaoeee e ie/aai ia
iieoiatho. Aeaiiua iaiaoeeeo eiiia?/aneeo aaieia naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ia
ia?aoiii. Oae aieueoay /anoue ia?auaiee e WEB-na?aa?o e?oiiaeoaai ec ieo
– Deutsche Bank – inouanoaeyaony n aeiiaoieo IE e n iano ?aaiou, a ia ec
aocianeeo e oeieueiuo noai.

Ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth INTERNET eae iiaie eio?ano?oeoo?u
ia?eaoeiaa e nauoa yaeyaony oio oaeo, /oi caeanue iiea ia aeaenoaoao
iniiaiie i?eioeei ?uii/iie yeiiiieee: ni?in ?iaeaeaao i?aaeeiaeaiea.
Iiuo iiiaeo no?ai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi ia iio?aaeoaeue ii?aaeaeyao
iauai oeeo?iauo oneoa. Iai?ioea, iinoaaueee e i?iecaiaeeoaee i?eoiaeyo e
auaiaeo i iaiaoiaeeiinoe ani?uaiooue ia iiaeiiaeeo iooiaeyuaai yeni?ann
“INTERNET”. E iauyniyaony yoi ia oieueei aii?inaie i?anoeaea, ii e
iianaieai, /oi eo/oea ianoa ia yoii ia?niaeoeaiii ?uiea ?anoaaoatho
ae?oaea.

Ia iaiaa aaaeiui i?aeiouanoaii yeaeo?iiiuo eaiaeia yaeyaony aieaa oaniue
eiioaeo n iieoiaoaeai. Eioa?aeoeaiue eiioaeo n iieoiaoaeai iaania/eaaao
oaeaea aieaa oanioth i?eayceo eo e oe?ia ?aaiae Ieeuenii, aee?aeoi?
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai ioaeaea iaeiiai ec e?oiiaeoeo oi?aiauo aeiiia a O?A
Karstadt, ia niiiaaaaony a oii, /oi a aae aeiaaeueiie yeaeo?iiiie
oi?aiaee aieiaoaeueiia ioiioaiea e iieoiaoaeth noaiao ?aoathuei oaeoi?ii
a eiieo?aioiie ai?ueaa, iineieueeo niia?ieee aoaeoo, iaoiaeeony ia
?annoiyiee iaeiiai uae/ea iuoe.

“Ianaeaiea” eeaa?i?ino?ainoaa iiea ninoieo ii/oe eneeth/eoaeueii ec
ioae/ei (ii ?acee/iui ioeaieai, ia 70 – 90%). A yoie nayce, iai?eia?
iinoaaueee aaoiiiaeeae, iaoiaeyony a eo/oai iieiaeaiee ii n?aaiaieth n
i?iaeaaoeaie i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey e iaeaaeaeu, oae eae iineaaeiea
auae?athony a iniiaiii aeaiueiu, a iie iiea aua aeaeaee io IE.
I?iaeaeaaaiue oiaa? aeieaeai i?aaenoaaeyoue eioa?an aeey aic?anoiie
eaoaai?ee 18 – 40 eao, iineieueeo eiaiii e iae ioiineony 70% “ianaeaiey”
eeaa?i?ino?ainoaa.

Iaeuecy, iaeiaei, oioneaoue ec aeaeo oio oaeo, /oi noii?ioeaioiua
iio?aaeoaee yeaeo?iiiiai ?uiea, eioi?uo a ?innee, ia aieueoa
iieoieeeeiia, eiatho ?iaenoaaiieeia e ae?ocae, a aieueoeinoaa naiai aua
ia iiciaaoeo aiciiaeiinoae eeaa?iaoe/aneiai ie?a, ii yaeythueony aai
einaaiiuie iio?aaeoaeyie.

3. Oi?aaeaiea ia?niiaeii.

Aeey iieiioeaiiiai e aa?iiie/iiai ?acaeoey oe?iu e aa aeciana,
iaiaoiaeei nenoaiiue iiaeoiae e oi?aaeaieth aa ia?niiaeii e
aeayoaeueiinoueth. Iaiaaeaeiaio, eae nenoaia oi?aaeaiey e oai?ey
iaiaaeaeiaioa ca?iaeeeenue a oii aeaea, a eioi?ii iie ooieoeeiie?otho
nae/an, a XIX aaea. Nae/an nouanoaotho ?acee/iua oeieu oi?aaeaiey ni
naieie i?eioeeiaie e oaeoeeie oi?aaeaiey. Aio iaeioi?ua ec ieo:

OeieaAeeaae a ?acaeoea iaoeeAuaeathueany i?aaenoaaeoaeeEeanne/aneay
oeiea 1860-ii iano a?aiy1. Iao/iia oi?aaeaiea.

2. O?iiiiao?aae.

3. Ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey.

4. Aaeieieno?aoeaiia oi?aaeaiea.Aaio – 1900

Aeaaen – 1935

Oaeei? – 1911

Aeeaa?o -1911

O?aee – 1943

*a?/ – 1914

Oae Ieue – 1916

?aeee – 1931Iiaaaeai/aneay oeiea (aeoaaeio?enoneay).

ssiiiey 1940 – ii i. a?aiy.1. I?eeeaaeiay iioeaaoeey.

2. I?ioanneiiaeueiua iaiaaeaea?u.

3. Oi?aaeaiea a oeaeii.Iiei – 1945

Aa?ia?ae – 1940

Ieoa? Ae?oea?-1954

Iaea?aia? – 1960

*a?iai – 1957

Oi??anoi? – 1961Oeiea oi?aaeai/aneie iaoee.

Aa?iia.1. Enneaaeiaaiea iia?aoeee.

2. Iiaeaee?iaaiea.

3. Oai?ey Ea?.

4. Oai?ey ?aoaiee.

5. Iaoaiaoeea iiaeaeae.?aeoa – 1911

Ianeio – 1965

Oaeei? – 1911

A eaaeaeie ec auoaia?a/eneaiiuo oeie nouanoaotho naie iiaeoiaeu e
oi?aaeaieth e iaiaaeaeiaioo eae nenoaia oi?aaeaiey, eaaeaeay ec ieo
aeaao naia ii?aaeaeaiea iaiaaeaeiaioo e noiyuei ia?aae iei caaea/ai. O
eaaeaeie ec ieo naie i?eioeeiu oi?aaeaiey.

Iia iieacaeenue iniaaiii eioa?aniuie i?eioeeiu oi?aaeaiey Ai?e Oae Iey.

1. ?acaeaeaiea o?oaea eee niaoeeaeecaoeey.

ssaeyaony anoanoaaiiui ii?yaeeii aauae. Oeaeueth ?acaeaeaiey o?oaea
yaeyaony auiieiaiea ?aaiou, aieueoae ii iauaio e eo/oae ii ea/anoao i?e
oao aea oneiaeyo.

2. Iieiiii/ey e ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

Iieiiii/ey – i?aai ioaeaaaoue i?eeacu. Ioaaonoaaiiinoue – aa ninoaaiay
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue.

Aaea aeathony iieiiii/ey, oai iai?aiaiii aicieeaao ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

3. Aeenoeeieeia.

I?aaeiieaaaao iineooaiea e oaaaeaiea e aeinoeaiooui niaeaoaiey iaaeaeo
oe?iie e aa nio?oaeieeaie.

4. Aaeeiiia/aeea.

?aaioiee aeieaeai auiieiyoue i?eeac oieueei iaeiiai /aeiaaea.

5. Aaeeinoai iai?aaeaiey.

Eaaeaeay a?oiia ?aaioieeia, aeaenoaothuay a ?aieao iaeiie oeaaee,
aeieaeia auoue iauaaeeiaia aaeeiui ieaiii e eiaoue aaeeiiai
?oeiaiaeeoaey.

6. Iiae/eiaiiinoue ee/iuo eioa?ania iauei.

Eioa?anu iaeiiai ?aaioieea eee a?oiiu ?aaioieeia ia aeieaeiu
i?aaaee?iaaoue iaae eioa?anaie eiiiaiee eee i?aaiecaoeee aieueoaai
ianooaaa.

7. Aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ia?niiaea.

*oiau iaania/eoue aa?iinoue e iiaeaea?aeeo ia?niiaea, iie aeieaeiu
iieo/aoue aeinoieiia aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ca naith ?aaioo.

8. Oeaio?aeecaoeey.

Eae e ?acaeaeaiea o?oaea, oeaio?aeecaoeey yaeyaony anoanoaaiiui
ii?yaeeii aauae, iaeiaei noaiaiue oeaio?aeecaoeee aoaeao aa?uee?iaaoueny
a caaeneiinoe io eiie?aoiuo oneiaee o?oaea. Iiyaeyaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue
ii?aaeaeaiey ia?u, iaania/eaathuae eo/oea aiciiaeiua ?acoeueoaou.

9. Neaey?iay oeaiue.

Neaey?iay oeaiue – ?yae eeoe, noiyueo ia ?oeiaiaeyueo aeieaeiinoyo,
ia/eiay io eeoea, caieiathuaai naiia aunieia iieiaeaiea aei
?oeiaiaeeoaey ieciaiai caaia.

10. Ii?yaeie.

Aeieaeii auoue ianoi aeey anaai e ana ia naiai ianoa.

11. Ni?aaaaeeeainoue.

Ni/aoaiea aeia?iou e i?aainoaeey.

12. Noaaeeueiinoue ?aai/aai ianoa aeey ia?niiaea.

Neoaeauee aeieaeai ciaoue, /oi ia caao?a o iaai anoue ?aai/aa ianoi, a
niioaaonoaaiii e ca?aaioie.

13. Eieoeeaoeaa.

Icia/aao ?ac?aaioeo ieaia e iaania/aiea aai oniaoiie ?aaeecaoeee. Yoi
i?eaeaao Eiiiaiee neeo e yia?aeth.

14. Ei?ii?aoeaiue aeoo.

Ethaay eiiaiaea aeieaeia ?aaioaoue aianoa. Eaaeaeue aeieaeai aiineoue
noieueei, neieueei ii iiaeao.

Aeey /aai aea nicaeaaae Oaeieue naie i?eioeeiu, eaeie oeaee iie i?ecaaiu
neoaeeoue?

Eae iao?oaeii caiaoeoue ec eiiiaioa?eaa, eioi?ua y iaia?aiii i?eaae, iie
iai?aaeaiu ia oeo/oaiea acaeiiioiioaiee oi?aaeythuaai ia?niiaea e
?aaioieeia. Aeey /aai aea, a naith i/a?aaeue, iaiaoiaeeii yooaeoeaiia
acaeiiaeaenoaea aa?oiae e ieaeiae /anoae Eiiiaiee, aaaeue auooao
iiaiea, /oi eaa/a auaiaoue iaoaiaeiiai ?aaioieea, iineieueeo iacaiaieiuo
ethaeae ia auaaao e ia aai ianoi i?eaeoo ae?oaea. Aeaei a oii, /oi
i?aeoeea iieacuaaao, /oi iaee/ea acaeiiiiieiaiey e noaaeeueiinoue
eieeaeoeaa anaaaea iieiaeeoaeueii neacuaaaony ia i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
o?oaea, a iaee/ea ei?ii?aoeaiiai aeooa e auieaoa aeinoieiiai
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ia?niiaeo i?aaeioa?auatho i?iiuoeaiiue oieiiaae,
i?eiinyuee ai?acaei aieueoea oauoee. Ana yoi niinianoaoao aa?iiie/iiio
?acaeoeth oe?iu e iaeneiaeueiie yooaeoeaiinoe aa ?aaiou, a,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, iia auno?aa ae?oaeo caeiao ieoo ?uiea e iaeaeao naia
“ianoi iiae nieioeai”, iia i?eaeao e aa?oeia oniaoa e niiaeao
oaea?aeaoue oaea?aeaoueny ia iae, /oi anoue oeaeue nouanoaiaaiey ethaie
oe?iu.

Nouanoaoao oaeaea iiiaeanoai ae?oaeo i?eioeeiia oi?aaeaiey, y aeoiath,
/oi ia noieo ia?a/eneyoue eo ana, oioaeinue au einiooueny oieueei aua
iaeiiai aniaeoa oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. A i?eioeeiao oi?aaeaiey
Ai?e Oaeiey io?aaeaiu ia oieueei yeiiiie/aneea i?eioeeiu oi?aaeaiey, ii
e ineoieiae/aneea i?eioeeiu aicaeaenoaey ia ia?niiae e acaeiiaeaenoaey n
iei. A yoii aniaeoa iia iieacaeenue iaeaieaa eioa?aniuie 6 iniiaiuo
caiiaaaeae Oa?ae Iae Eay, ii?aaeaeythueo o?aaiaaiey e naiiio
oi?aaeaioeo, i?e iaee/ee eioi?uo ii iiaeao i?iaeoeoeaii oi?aaeyoue
oe?iie.

1. Aecianiai aeieaeai anaaaea auoue a oi?ia.

2. Aeaeiaay aeeciue ia oa?ieo inoaiiaee.

3. Ciaiea ia noaiiaeony neeie, anee aai ia i?eiaiyoue.

4. Aa?ue a naay, e Oniao i?eaeao e oaaa.

5. Ia aa?ueoa oiio, eoi neaaeao, /oi iaei/e aeey iaiaaeaea?a ie/aai ia
cia/ao. Iaei/e – yoi ana.

6. Au aoaeaoa aac?acee/iu ethaeyi aei oao ii?. iiea ia i?iyaeoa caaioo i
ieo.

Yoe i?eioeeiu oi?aaeaiey aeinoaoi/ii aeooaeueiu a naaiaeiyoiai
?inneeneii aeciana. Aeaei a oii, /oi a oneiaeyo iieiiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai eiio?iey iaae i?iecaiaenoaii ia aicieeaei
iaiaoiaeeiinoe n/eoaoueny n /aeiaa/aneei oaeoi?ii a oii ia?a, a eioi?ie
i?eoiaeeony aeaeaoue yoi nae/an i?e iaee/ee o ?aaioieea aeueoa?iaoeau
ainoaea?noaaiiui i?aaei?eyoeyi – /anoiiai naeoi?a yeiiiieee.

Iiiaea ethaee nicaeaee naie aecian ia aieia ?acainoaea?noaeaiey
yeiiiieee e nae/an, iinea niaaea aaeeioaaea aie?oa yoiai i?ioeanna
ieacaeenue ia?aae auai?ii: eeai nicaeaaaoue naith nenoaio oi?aaeaiey
ia?niiaeii e i?iecaiaenoaii, eeai i?eieiaoue oi, /oi ecaanoii e
i?eiaiyaony ai anai ie?a. Iaiaoiaeeii nicaeaaaoue aunoea e
n?aaeianiaoeeaeueiua o/aaiua caaaaeaiey aeey iao/aiey ?oeiaiaeeoaeae eae
n?aaeiaai, oae e naiiai aunieiai o?iaiae ?aaioa a iiauo aeey ieo
oneiaeyo. I?e/ai, iaeuecy aacaeoiii eiie?iaaoue iaiaaeaeiaio, eni?aaii
?aaioathuee a oneiaeyo caiaaeiie yeiiiieee ia o/eouaay niaoeeoeeo,
iaiaoiaeeii nicaeaoue aaeaioe?iaaiioth eiioeaioeeth, o/eouaay
niaoeeoe/aneea enoi?e/aneea e yeiiiie/aneea oaeoi?u ?acaeoey yeiiiieee a
iaoai ainoaea?noaa.

Enoi?ey iaiaaeaeiaioa a ?innee iinea 1917 aiaea ian/eouaaao ieiei iyoe
eao. Oi/eie ion/aoa i?eiyoi n/eoaoue nicaeaiea a aaaonoa 1990 aiaea
annioeeaoeee iaiaaeaea?ia, iieiaeeaoae ia/aei nicaeaieth oai?ee
?inneeneiai iaiaaeaeiaioa. Ca iyoue eao nouanoaiaaiey iaiaaeaeiaioa a
iaoae no?aia auee nicaeaiu Oieaa?neoaou e ae?oaea o/aaiua caaaaeaiey,
eiathuea naiae oeaeueth ?ac?aaioeo i?ia?aii iao/aiey ia?niiaea ?aaioa a
oneiaey iaiiiiiieueiie yeiiiieee e naiaiaeiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa.
Iaiaoiaeeiu niaoeeaeenou, iiaouea aanoe ?acoiiia oi?aaeaiea
i?aaei?eyoeyie e iaania/eaathuea iioeiaeueiua oneiaey i?iecaiaenoaa.

Iaiaaeaeiaio, eae nenoaia oi?aaeaiey, eiaao ianeieueei ninoaaiuo /anoae.
Eaaeaeay ec ieo eiaao naie oeaee e caaea/e, a oaeaea niiniau eo
eniieiaiey. I?eaaaeo iaeioi?ua ec ieo, eiathuea oeaeueth aicaeaenoaea ia
?acee/iua oaeoi?u i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ia?aay ninoaaeythuay iaiaaeaeiaioa – ia?eaoeia. Yoi ia oieueei
ii?aaeaeaiea aeonia e i?eau/ae iio?aaeoaeae, ii e oi?aaeaiea eie e
oi?ie?iaaiea oaeiauo.

Ia?eaoeia – iaeia ec naiuo aaaeiuo ninoaaeythueo eiiia?/aneiai oniaoa.
Ia?eaoeia – oaeay i?aaiecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaaiii-nauoiaie aeayoaeueiinoe
oe?iu, iai?aaeaiiay ia iiene e nicaeaiea oiaa?ia e oneoa, eiiia?/aneia
i?iecaiaenoai eioi?uo iaania/eo onoie/eaue e ?anoe?ythueeny nauo
i?iaeoeoeee oe?iu, i?eiinyuee aeinoaoi/ii aunieoth i?eaueue ia
aeiaeaiiue eaieoae. Ia?eaoeia ioaeai aeey oiai, /oiau iaeoe a?aiioiua
ioaaou ia naiua aieueiua aii?inu.

Ia?eaoeia eae nenoaia oi?aaeaiey eiaao naie i?eioeeiu, ooieoeee. iaoiaeu
e no?oeoo?u. Iniiaiiieaaathuei i?eioeeiii ia?eaoeiaa yaeyaony
iainiiaaiiue naiaiaeiue auai? ii?aaeaeaiiuo oeaeae e no?aoaaee
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e ?iee oe?iu a oeaeii. Ae?oaie aeaaiue i?eioeei
ia?eaoeiaa – eiiieaeniue iiaeoiae e oaycea oeaeae n ?ano?naie e
aiciiaeiinoyie eiiiaiee. Iauea iaoiaeu e i?eioeeiu ia?eaoeiaa
ii?aaeaeythony eiie?aoiuie iai?aaeaieyie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.
Aeey aeinoeaeaiey eiiia?/aneiai oniaoa iaiaoiaeeii:

– eco/aiea ?uiea, aiaeec eiiuthieoo?u, aieinoe ?uiea e iiaaaeaiey
eiio?aaaioa;

– i?iaiic ?uiea, o.a. i?iaiic ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey ia oiaa? eee oneoao
a ii?aaeaeaiiue i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie;

– ioeaiea nianoaaiiuo aiciiaeiinoae:

– no?aoaaey auoiaea ia ?uiie;

– oi?ie?iaaiea ni?ina e noeioee?iaaiea nauoa;

– eiio?ieue aeayoaeueiinoe.

Aeey aeinoeaeaiey oeaeae iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue aeaoaaeeiue e
acaeiiaeiiieiythuee iiaeoiae. N iaeiie noi?iiu – ouaoaeueiia e
ananoi?iiiaa eco/aiea ?uiea, ni?ina, aeonia e i?eau/ae eeeaioia,
i?eaioe?iaaiea i?iecaiaenoaa ia yoe iio?aaiinoe, aae?aniinoue
auioneaaiie i?iaeoeoeee. N ae?oaie noi?iiu – aeoeaiia aicaeaenoaea ia
?uiie e nouanoaothuee ni?in, ia oi?ie?iaaiea iieoiaoaeueneeo
i?aaeii/oaiee. Aeayoaeueiinoue ethaie oe?iu ia/eiaaony n eco/aiey ?uiea
i?iecaiaeeiiai oiaa?a:

– ioeaiea eciaiaiee aeaiiiai ?uiea:

– iai?aaeaiey e oa?aeoa? eiieo?aioeee;

– ioeaiea aeiee ?uiea, eioi?oth i?e aeaaii?eyoiii noa/aiee
ianoiyoaeuenoa oe?ia oaeanony caiyoue.

?aaioa ii eco/aieth ?uiea ia/eiaaony n ioeaiee e auai?a
i?aaeii/oeoaeueiuo ?uieia. Yoa ?aaioa ninoieo ec:

– ioeaiee iioaioeeaea eiathuaeny oaoiieiaee;

– ioeaiee aiciiaeiinoe aiaae?aiey aeey oe?iu iiauo oaoiieiaee;

– ananoi?iiiyy eiiieaeniay ioeaiea iio?aaiinoae, eaaeaueo a iniiaa
oiaa?a e oi?ie?othueo ?uiie;

– i?iaa?ea niioaaonoaey oeiainiauo ?ano?nia aiciiaeiinoe yooaeoeaiie
?aaiou ia aua?aiiii ?uiea.

Aeey eiiieaeniiai aiaeeca ?uiea iaiaoiaeeii naaiaioe?iaaiea, o.a.
iiiaiia?iia, ii naiui ?acee/iui oa?aeoa?enoeeai aeaeaiea anao
iioaioeeaeueiuo iieoiaoaeae ia aeinoaoi/ii aieueoea a?oiiu oaeei
ia?acii, /oi eaaeaeay ec ieo i?aaeuyaeyao iniaua o?aaiaaiey e aeaiiiio
oiaa?o eee oneoaa.

Naaiaioe?iaaiea ia ?aciaue i?ioeann, a iinoiyiiue. Iinoiyinoai – iniiaa
iiaeoiaea, a neaaeiaaoaeueii ninoaaeythuay eiiia?/aneiai oniaoa.

Aua iaeiie ninoaaeythuae iaiaaeaeiaioa iiaeii n/eoaoue aiaeec. Aai
ooieoeeae yaeyaony aiaeec aioo?aiiae e aiaoiae n?aaeu.

?aaeueiay aaca, a oneiaeyo eioi?ie ooieoeeiie?oao oe?ia, i?ionithcu,
eiathuea aieueoia aeeyiea a oeeaeeeciaaiiuo no?aiao. Neioac anao
oaeoi?ia aeaao oe?ia aiciiaeiinoue, aiaeece?oy naie ioeaee e oaea/iua
aeaenoaey, au?aaioaoue no?aoaaey ia aoaeouaa. Aiaoiyy n?aaea iinoiyiii
eciaiyony. Iiaeaeaeiinoue n?aaeu – nei?inoue, n eioi?ie i?ienoiaeyo
eciaiaiey a ie?oaeaiee i?aaiecaoeee. Yoa nei?inoue ?acee/ia ia oieueei a
?acee/iuo iaeanoyo, ii e a ?acee/iuo ioaeaeao iaeiie oe?iu. O
?ac?aaio/eeia iia ai?acaei auoa, /ai o i?iecaiaenoaaiieeia e
aooaaeoa?ee. I/aiue aaaeii a oaeie neooaoeee iaeoe i?aaeeueiia
oi?aaeai/aneia ?aoaiea ioiineoaeueii aioo?aiiae neooaoeee ia oe?ia.

Aiaeec aioo?aiiae neooaoeee iaiaoiaeei ia ethaie oe?ia. Aac iaai
nouanoaiaaiea e ooieoeeiie?iaaiea oe?iu iaaiciiaeii. Aiaeec iiaeeueiinoe
oi?aaeai/aneiai ia?niiaea, i?ioanneiiaeecia nio?oaeieeia, eaae?iaie
iieeoeee, a oaeaea ineoieiae/aneie ianoaiiaee aioo?e oe?iu aeaao
aiciiaeiinoue oniaoii ooieoeeiie?iaaoue eiiiaiee a ethauo, aeaaea naiuo
neiaeiuo iieeoe/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo e ineoieiae/aneeo oneiaeyo, a eo
neioac n oiaeui oi?aaeaieai, naiaa?aiaiiui aiaeecii aiaoiae neooaoeee e
i?iaiicii ?uiea aeaao iniiaaiea iaaeayoueny ia ii?aaeaeaiiue
eiiia?/aneee oniao.

Ii ana aea iniiaiie ninoaaeythuae iaiaaeaeiaioa yaeyaony oi?aaeaiea
ia?niiaeii. Eiaiii iii ai iiiaeo neo/ayo eiaao i?e i?i/eo ?aaiuo
oneiaeyo ?aoathuaa cia/aiea aeey oniaoiiai ?acaeoey oe?iu. *aeiaa/aneea
ioiioaiey – iniiaa aeayoaeueiinoe iaiaaeaea?a.

Oi?aaeai/aneia iauaiea – iauaiea n oeaeueth inouanoaeaiey ?oeiaiaenoaa
ethaeueie, oi anoue eciaiaiea eo aeaenoaee a ii?aaeaeaiiii iai?aaeaiee,
iiaeaea?aeaiea aeaiiiai iai?aaeaiey eee oi?ie?iaaiea iiaiai iai?aaeaiey.

Oi?aaeai/aneia iauaiea auiieiyao ianeieueei ooieoeee.

1. Auaea/a ?anii?yaeeoaeueiie eioi?iaoeee.

2. Iieo/aiea ia?aoiie eioi?iaoeee.

3. Auaea/a ioeaii/iie eioi?iaoeee.

O.a., auaeaaay ?anii?yaeaiey, ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ?ann/eouaaao ia oieueei ia
auiieiaiea, ii e ia iaee/ea o iiae/eiaiiiai aeaeaiey yoi auiieieoue.
Iineieueeo iaee/ea aeaeaiea – naia ?iaea caeia yooaeoeaiiai eniieiaiey.
Ionoonoaea acaeiiiiieiaiey iaaeaeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeai e iiae/eiaiiuie
yaeyaony iaeiie ec iniiaiuo i?e/ei iaea/anoaaiiie ?aaiou.

Oneiaey onoaiiaeaiey acaeiiiiieiaiey.

1. Iauaiea ia aaeeiii i?ioanneiiaeueiii ycuea.

2. O?iaaiue iauae eoeueoo?u e eioaeeaeoa.

3. Iieiioa eioi?iaoeee.

4. Eiae/iinoue eceiaeaiey.

5. Neiioeaio?e?iaaiiinoue e aieiaiea e ?anniao?eaaaiie i?iaeaia.

Oi?aaeai/aneia iauaiea aeaenoaoao ii naiei caeiiai.

I caeii oi?aaeai/aneiai iauaiey.

“Iiiyoue – ia cia/eo i?eiyoue.”

Oneiaey i?eiyoey /oaeie iiceoeee.

1. Iia ia aeieaeia i?ioeai?a/eoue iniiaiui acaeyaeai e iiceoeeyi oiai,
eoi aini?eieiaao eioi?iaoeeth.

2. Iiene e aeaiiino?aoeey ia?oia?o aai ee/iiai eioa?ana a aeaiiii
aii?ina.

II caeii oi?aaeai/aneiai iauaiey.

“I?e i?i/eo ?aaiuo oneiaeyo ethaee eaa/a i?eieiatho iiceoeeth, e eioi?ie
eniuouaatho yiioeeiiaeueii iieiaeeoaeueiia ioiioaiea.

A?aiioiia oi?aaeai/aneia iauaiea n ia?niiaeii ia oieueei nicaeaao
iioeiaeueiue eeeiao ia oe?ia, ii e niinianoaoao iiauoaieth
?aaioiniiniaiinoe ia?niiaea, a oaeaea iiiiaaao i?iyaeaieth eieoeeaoeau
nio?oaeieeaie. Ana yoi aianoa aeaao oe?ia aiciiaeiinoue aac eeoieo
o?aiee e i?iaiei/ae ?aaioaoue iaeaieaa yooaeoeaii a aua?aiiie ae ieoa
?uiea e, ieaiiia?ii inouanoaeyy naith no?aoaaeth, eaeoe e aa?oeia
Oniaoa.

?anniao?eaay ?acee/iua ninoaaeythuea iaiaaeaeiaioa, aai oeieu e noaiu
oi?aaeaiey, ynii aeaeii, /oi oeaeue eaaeaeie ec ieo, a iauai-oi iaeia –
iie i?ecaaiu aanoe oe?io e aa?oeia Oniaoa. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iiaeii
caeeth/eoue, /oi e oeaeue iaiaaeaeiaioa, eae nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey e aai
nouiinoue a oii, /oiau, eniieuecoy ana aeinooiiua n?aaenoaa, aanoe oe?io
ii aua?aiiie ae eeiee e aa?oeia eiiia?/aneiai Oniaoa, eioi?ue yaeyaony
oeaeueth ethaiai aeciana a ethaie noa?a.

Aeaaa 3.

CAEETH*AIEA.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy nia?aiaiiue iaiaaeaeiaio yaeyaony iiiaia?aiiie
nenoaiie. Nia?aiaiiue iaiaaeaeiaio aeeth/aao a naay ?yae aaaeiuo
iia?aoeee: ieaie?iaaiea ecaea?aeae, ieaie?iaaiea i?iecaiaenoaa,
ieaie?iaaiea nauoa e, iaeiiaoe, oeiainiaia ieaie?iaaiea (ieaie?iaaiea
i?eauee). Iaiaaeaeiaio, eae iaoea, iicaieyao i?aaei?eieiaoaeth oae
nieaie?iaaoue aeayoaeueiinoue oe?iu a e?aoeii, n?aaeiai e aeieaii
ia?eiaeao, /oiau iaania/eoue iieo/aiea oe?iie iaeneiaeueii aiciiaeiie
i?eauee n ieieiaeueiuie cao?aoaie a oneiaeyo eciai/eainoe ninoiyiey
?uiea. Eiia/ii yoi naycaii n iaecaaaeiui oeiainiaui ?eneii, iniaaiii
a nia?aiaiiuo ?inneeneeo oneiaeyo, ii i?aaeeueii i?iaaaeaiiia
no?aoaae/aneia ieaie?iaaiea iicaieeo naanoe ?ene e ieieioio.

Aeaiiue ?aoa?ao eiae oeaeueth iieacaoue aeayoaeueiinoue ethaiai
iaiaaeaea?a, ?ann/eouaathuae ia oeiainiaue oniao a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo
?uiea. Iaeuecy caauaaoue i oii, /oi iu iaoiaeeiny a iniai aeanoeeo
oneiaeyo ?inneeneie yeiiiieee, a eioi?uo iaeioi?ua ?uii/iua caeiiu
aeaenoaotho n oi/iinoueth aei iaiai?io, iaeiaei, n o/aoii oiai, /oi
aei ia?ano?ieee iaoa no?aia a oa/aiea iiiaeo eao yaeyeanue y?eei
i?eia?ii aaoi?eoa?iie aee?aeoeaii-ieaiiaie yeiiiieee, oi i?ioeann
ieaie?iaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiii-eiiia?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey
e iniiaiuo ?uii/iuo iieacaoaeae eiaao iiae niaie iiiaieaoiee iiuo.

?acoiaaony, n ianooieaieai yoaia ?aoi?i a iaoai ainoaea?noaa
eciaieeenue eae iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey, oae e aai caaea/e. Iie i?eia?aee
aeaeinoue, eioi?ay oa?aeoa?ecoaony oai, /oi a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo
iaeaaeatho aiciiaeiinoueth iaiyoueny niaeanii eciaiaieth ?uii/iuo
oneiaee.

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