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Психология менеджмента: стрессовая ситуация

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Niaea?aeaiea

Aaaaeaiea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

1. No?ann aeecie. Iniiaiua i?e/eiu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

1.1. I?e/eiu no?anna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

1.1.1. I?aaiecaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

1.1.2. Ee/iinoiua oaeoi?u . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

1.2. No?anniaia iai?yaeaiea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

2. Niiniau ai?ueau ni no?annii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

2.1. Eae /aeiaa/aneee i?aaieci ?aaae?oao ia no?ann . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

2.2. ?aeaenaoeey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

2.2.1. ?aeaenaoeeiiiua oi?aaeiaiey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

2.3. Eiioeaio?aoeey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

2.4. Aooi?aaoeyoeey aeuoaiey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

3. Iaoiaeu i?ioeeaeoeee no?anna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

3.1. I?ioeaino?anniaay “ia?aaeaeea” aeiy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

3.2. Ia?aay iiiiuue i?e ino?ii no?anna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

3.3. Aooiaiaeec ee/iiai no?anna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

I?eeiaeaiey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Aaaaeaiea

Aeaiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia aiaeeco no?anna, i?e/ei aai aicieeiiaaiey,
aeeyiey aai ia i?aaieci /aeiaaea, a oaeaea eco/aieth niiniaia ai?ueau ni
no?annaie e iaoiaeia i?ioeeaeoeee no?annia.

A ?aaioa aeaiu ianeieueei ii?aaeaeaiee iiiyoey “no?ann”. Iaeaieaa
oe?ieioiio?aaeiui ii?aaeaeaieai yaeyaony neaaeothuaa:” No?ann – yoi
iai?yaeaiiia ninoiyiea i?aaiecia /aeiaaea, eae oece/aneia, oae e
ineoe/aneia.” No?ann i?enoonoaoao a aeecie eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea, oae eae
iaee/ea no?anniauo eiioeuenia ai anao noa?ao /aeiaa/aneie aeecie e
aeayoaeueiinoe ianiiiaiii. No?anniaua neooaoeee aicieeatho eae aeiia,
oae e ia ?aaioa. N oi/ee c?aiey oi?aaeaiey, iaeaieueoee eioa?an aeey
ian i?aaenoaaeytho i?aaiecaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u, eioi?ua aucuaatho no?ann ia
?aai/eo ianoao. Ciaiea yoeo oaeoi?ia e oaeaeaiea ei iniaiai aieiaiey
iiiiaeao i?aaeioa?aoeoue iiiaea no?anniaua neooaoeee e iiauneoue
yooaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeai/aneiai o?oaea, a oaeaea aeinoe/ue oeaeae
i?aaiecaoeee n ieieiaeueiuie ineoieiae/aneeie e oeceieiae/aneeie
iioa?yie ia?niiaea. Aaaeue eiaiii no?ann yaeyaony i?e/eiie iiiaeo
caaieaaaiee, a cia/eo, iaiineo iuooeiue a?aae caei?iaueth /aeiaaea,
oiaaea eae caei?iauea – iaeii ec oneiaee aeinoeaeaiey oniaoa a ethaie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Iiyoiio a ?aaioa ?anniao?eaathony e ee/iinoiua oaeoi?u,
aucuaathuea no?ann. E?iia i?e/ei iiyaeaiey no?annia, a ia?aie aeaaa
aiaeece?oaony no?anniaia ninoiyiea i?aaiecia – no?anniaia iai?yaeaiea,
aai iniiaiua i?eciaee e i?e/eiu.

Ai aoi?ie aeaaa iniiaiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii niiniaai ai?ueau ni no?annii,
aeaiu iaeioi?ua oi?aaeiaiey ii ?aeaenaoeee, eiioeaio?aoeee,
aooi?aaoeyoeee aeuoaiey. I/aiue aaaeii i?aiaeieaoue naay e caiyoueny
aeaiiuie oi?aaeiaieyie, a aeaeueiaeoai, a neo/aa aicieeiiaaiey
no?anniaie neooaoeee, yooaeo io eo auiieiaiey n eeoaie eiiiaine?oao
ia?aiia/aeueiua oneeey ia inaiaiea oi?aaeiaiee. Iia i?eoeinue yoi
eniuoaoue ia naaa: ?aeaenaoeey e eiioeaio?aoeey ia ethaeiii neiaa
aeaenoaeoaeueii iiaoo iiii/ue a o?oaeiie neooaoeee ia iiaeaeaoueny
iaieea e ia aianoue a aeai?anneth.

O?aouey aeaaa niaea?aeeo iienaiea iaoiaeia i?ioeeaeoeee no?anna, e
eioi?ui ioiinyony ?aeaenaoeey, i?ioeaino?anniaay “ia?aaeaeea” aeiy e
ia?aay iiiiuue i?e ino?ii no?anna. Nthaea aea aianaii e ?anniio?aiea
aooiaiaeeca ee/iiai no?anna. Caeanue iiae?iaii eceiaeaiu
iniiaiiieaaathuea i?eioeeiu i?eiaiaiey aeaiiuo iaoiaeia a ea/anoaa
i?ioeeaeoeee i?ioea ianooieaiey no?anniaiai ninoiyiey.

A eiioea ?aaiou i?eaaaeaiu i?eeiaeaiey, niaea?aeauea a?aoe/aneea e
oaaee/iua eiiiaioa?ee e iniiaiiio oaenoo, a oaeaea oano ia ii?aaeaeaiea
no?annionoie/eainoe /aeiaaea.

Iniiaiie auaiae, eioi?ue iiaeii naeaeaoue ec aeaiiie ?aaiou, iiaeii
noi?ioee?iaaoue oaeei ia?acii. No?ann – yoi iaecaaaeiinoue, i eioi?ie iu
aeieaeiu ciaoue e anaaaea iiiieoue. No?ann iiaeii i?aaeaeaeaoue. Ioaeii
iaycaoaeueii iiaeaioiaeoueny e aai i?eoiaeo e iinoa?aoueny ni?aaeoueny n
iei eae iiaeii eo/oa. Iaeioi?uo no?annia iiaeii ecaaaeaoue aiiaua.
Iaeuecy aeiioneaoue iiaaaeu no?anna iaae niaie. Iaaei oa?iaeeai, n
aeaeaieai aioiaeoue naay e neiaeiui aeeciaiiui neooaoeeyi, eioi?ua
iaycaoaeueii iai ano?aoyony e ia ?aaioa, e a ee/iie aeecie.

1. No?ann aeecie. Iniiaiua i?e/eiu.

No?ann- iau/iia e /anoi ano?a/athuaany yaeaiea. Iu ana a?aiaiaie
eniuouaaai aai – iiaeao auoue, eae iuouaiea ionoiou a aeoaeia aeaeoaeea,
eiaaea anoaai, i?aaenoaaeyynue a eeanna, eee eae iiauoaiioth
?acae?aaeeoaeueiinoue eee aanniiieoeo ai a?aiy yecaiaiaoeeiiiie nannee.
Iacia/eoaeueiua no?annu iaecaaaeiu e aaca?aaeiu. Eiaiii /?acia?iue
no?ann nicaeaao i?iaeaiu aeey eiaeeaeaeooiia e i?aaiecaoeee. No?ann
yaeyaony iaiouaieaiie /anoueth /aeiaa/aneiai nouanoaiaaiey, iaaei
oieueei iao/eoueny ?acee/aoue aeiionoeioth noaiaiue no?anna e neeoeii
aieueoie no?ann. Ioeaaie no?ann iaaiciiaeai.

Oio oei no?anna, eioi?ue iu aoaeai ?anniao?eaaoue a aeaiiie ?aaioa,
ii?aaeaeyaony eae /?acia?iia ineoieiae/aneia eee oeceieiae/aneia
iai?yaeaiea. Enneaaeiaaiey iieacuaatho, /oi e oeceieiae/aneei i?eciaeai
no?anna ioiinyony ycau, iea?aiue, aeia?oiiey, aieue a nieia, a?o?eo,
anoia e aiee a na?aeoea. Ineoieiae/aneea i?iyaeaiey aeeth/atho
?acae?aaeeoaeueiinoue, iioa?th aiiaoeoa, aeai?anneth e iiieaeaiiue
eioa?an e iaaeee/iui e naenoaeueiui ioiioaieyi e ae?.

Nieaeay yooaeoeaiinoue e aeaaiiieo/ea eiaeeaeaeooia, /?acia?iue co?ann
aei?iai iaoiaeeony i?aaiecaoeeyi. Iiiaea i?iaeaiu nio?oaeieeia, eioi?ua
io?aaeathony eae ia eo ca?aaioea e ?acoeueoaoao ?aaiou, oae e ia
caei?iauea e aeaaiiieo/ee nio?oaeieeia, ei?aiyony a ineoieiae/aneii
no?anna. No?ann i?yii e einaaiii oaaee/eaaao cao?aou ia aeinoeaeaiea
oeaeae i?aaiecaoeee e nieaeaao ea/anoai aeecie aeey aieueoiai /enea
o?oaeyueony.

1.1. I?e/eiu no?anna.

No?ann iiaeao auoue aucaai oaeoi?aie , naycaiiuie n ?aaioie e
aeayoaeueiinoueth i?aaiecaoeee eee niauoeyie ee/iie aeecie /aeiaaea.

1.1.1. I?aaiecaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u.

?anniio?ei oa oaeoi?u, aeaenoaothuea aioo?e i?aaiecaoeee, eioi?ua
aucuaatho no?ann.

1. Ia?aa?ocea eee neeoeii iaeay ?aai/ay iaa?ocea, o.a. caaeaiea,
eioi?ia neaaeoao caaa?oeoue ca eiie?aoiue ia?eiae a?aiaie.

?aaioieeo i?inoi ii?o/eee iaiiia?iia eiee/anoai caaeaiee eee
iaiainiiaaiiue o?iaaiue auionea i?iaeoeoeee ia aeaiiue ia?eiae a?aiaie.
A yoii neo/aa iau/ii aicieeaao aaniieienoai, o?ono?aoeey ( /oanoai
e?ooaiey ), a oaeaea /oanoai aaciaaeaaeiinoe e iaoa?eaeueiuo iioa?ue.
Iaeiaei iaaeia?ocea iiaeao aucaaoue oi/ii oaeea aea /oanoaa. ?aaioiee,
ia iieo/athuee ?aaiou, niioaaonoaothuae aai aiciiaeiinoyi, iau/ii
/oanoaoao o?ono?aoeeth, aaniieienoai ioiineoaeueii naiae oeaiiinoe e
iieiaeaiey a nioeeaeueiie no?oeoo?a i?aaiecaoeee e iuouaao naay yaii
iaaiciaa?aaeaeaiiui.

2. Eiioeeeo ?ieae.

Eiioeeeo ?ieae aicieeaao oiaaea, eiaaea e ?aaioieeo i?aaeuyaeytho
i?ioeai?a/eaua o?aaiaaiey. Iai?eia?, i?iaeaaaoe iiaeao iieo/eoue
caaeaiea iaiaaeeaiii ?aaae?iaaoue ia i?inueau eeeaioia, ii, eiaaea aai
aeaeyo ?acaiaa?eaathuei n eeeaioii, oi aiai?yo, /oiau ii ia caauaae
caiieiyoue iieee oiaa?ii.

Eiioeeeo ?ieae iiaeao oaeaea i?iecieoe a ?acoeueoaoa ia?ooaiey i?eioeeia
aaeeiiia/aeey. Aeaa ?oeiaiaeeoaey a ea?a?oee iiaoo aeaoue ?aaioieeo
i?ioeai?a/eaua oeacaiey. Iai?eia?, aee?aeoi? caaiaea iiaeao iio?aaiaaoue
io ia/aeueieea oeaoa iaeneiaeueii oaaee/eoue auione i?iaeoeoeee, a oi
a?aiy eae ia/aeueiee ioaeaea oaoie/aneiai eiio?iey o?aaoao niaethaeaiey
noaiaea?oia ea/anoaa.

Eiioeeeo ?ieae iiaeao oaeaea aicieeiooue a ?acoeueoaoa ?acee/ee iaaeaeo
ii?iaie iaoi?iaeueiie a?oiiu e o?aaiaaieyie oi?iaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee. A
yoie neooaoeee eiaeeaeaeooi iiaeao ii/oanoaiaaoue iai?yaeaiea e
aaniieienoai, iioiio /oi oi/ao auoue i?eiyoui a?oiiie, n iaeiie noi?iiu,
e niaethaeaoue o?aaiaaiey ?oeiaiaenoaa – n ae?oaie.

3. Iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue ?ieae .

Iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue ?ieae aicieeaao oiaaea, eiaaea ?aaioiee ia oaa?ai a
oii, /oi io iaai iaeeaeatho. A ioee/ea io eiioeeeoa ?ieae, caeanue
o?aaiaaiey ia aoaeoo i?ioeai?a/eauie, ii e oeeii/eau e iaii?aaeaeaiiu.
Ethaee aeieaeiu eiaoue i?aaeeueiia i?aaenoaaeaiea ia iaeeaeaieyo
?oeiaiaenoaa – /oi iie aeieaeiu aeaeaoue, eae iie aeieaeiu aeaeaoue e
eae eo iinea yoiai aoaeoo ioeaieaaoue.

4. Iaeioa?aniay ?aaioa.

Iaeioi?ua enneaaeiaaiey iieacuaatho, /oi eiaeeaeaeooiu, eiathuea aieaa
eioa?anioth ?aaioo, i?iyaeytho iaiueoa aaniieienoaa e iaiaa iiaeaa?aeaiu
oece/aneei iaaeiiiaaieyi, /ai caieiathueany iaeioa?aniie ?aaioie.
Iaeiaei acaeyaeu ia iiiyoea “eioa?aniay” ?aaioa o ethaeae ?acee/aaony:
oi, /oi eaaeaony eioa?aniui eee neo/iui aeey iaeiiai, nianai ia
iaycaoaeueii aoaeao eioa?anii ae?oaei.

5. Nouanoaotho oaeaea e ae?oaea oaeoi?u.

No?ann iiaeao aicieeiooue a ?acoeueoaoa ieioeo oece/aneeo oneiaee,
iai?eia?, ioeeiiaiee a oaiia?aoo?a iiiauaiey, ieioiai inaauaiey eee
/?acia?iiai ooia. Iai?aaeeueiua niioiioaiey iaaeaeo iieiiii/eyie e
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth, ieioea eaiaeu iaiaia eioi?iaoeeae a i?aaiecaoeee e
iaiainiiaaiiua o?aaiaaiey nio?oaeieeia ae?oa e ae?oao oiaea iiaoo
aucaaoue no?ann.

Eaeaaeueiui aoaeao oaeia iieiaeaiea, eiaaea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue
iaoiaeeony ia aiciiaeii aieaa aunieii o?iaia, a no?ann – ia aiciiaeii
aieaa ieceii. *oiau aeinoe/ue yoiai, ?oeiaiaeeoaee e ae?oaea nio?oaeieee
i?aaiecaoeee aeieaeiu iao/eoueny ni?aaeyoueny ni no?annii a naieo naaa.
Eae aea oi?aaeyoue, /oiau iiauneoue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue e iiieceoue
o?iaaiue no?anna ?

Ethaee, no?aaeathuea io /?acia?iiai no?anna ia ?aaioa iiaoo iiiuoaoueny
i?eiaieoue neaaeothuea iaoiaeu.

1. ?ac?aaioaeoa nenoaio i?ei?eoaoia a naiae ?aaioa. Ioeaieoa naith
?aaioo neaaeothuei ia?acii: “aeieaeai naeaeaoue naaiaeiy”, “naeaeaoue
iicaeiaa ia yoie iaaeaea” e “naeaeaoue, eiaaea aoaeao a?aiy”.

2. Iao/eoanue aiai?eoue “iao”, eiaaea aeinoeaiaoa i?aaeaea, iinea
eioi?iai au oaea ia iiaeaoa acyoue ia naay aieueoa ?aaiou. Iauynieoa
naiaio ia/aeueieeo, /oi iiieiaaoa aaaeiinoue caaeaiey. Caoai iieoeoa
eiie?aoiua i?ei?eoaoiua ?aaiou, iaae eioi?uie a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
?aaioaaoa. Anee ii ianoaeaaao ia auiieiaiee iiaiai caaeaiey, ni?ineoa,
eaeoth ?aaioo au aeieaeiu ioeiaeeoue aei caaa?oaiey iiaiai caaeaiey.

3. Iaeaaeueoa iniaaiii yooaeoeaiua e iaaeaaeiua ioiioaiey n aaoei
ia/aeueieeii. Iieieoa aai i?iaeaiu e iiiiaeoa aio iiiyoue aaoe. Iao/eoa
aaoaai ia/aeueieea oaaaeaoue aaoe i?ei?eoaou, aaoo ?aai/oth iaa?oceo e
aeaaaoue iainiiaaiiua ii?o/aiey.

4. Ia niaeaoaeoanue n aaoei ?oeiaiaeeoaeai eee eai-eeai, eoi ia/eiaao
aunoaaeyoue i?ioeai?a/eaua o?aaiaaiey ( eiioeeeo ?ieae ). Iauynieoa, /oi
yoe o?aaiaaiey oyioo aan a i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo iai?aaeaieyo. Iii?ineoa
ono?ieoue niaauaiea ni anaie caeioa?aniaaiiuie noi?iiaie, /oiau
auynieoue aii?in. Ia caieiaeoa iaaeieoaeueii-aa?anneaiie iiceoeee;
i?inoi iauynieoa, eaeea eiie?aoiua i?iaeaiu nicaeatho aeey aan
i?ioeai?a/eaua o?aaiaaiey.

5. Niiaueoa naiaio ?oeiaiaeeoaeth eee nio?oaeieeai, eiaaea au
ii/oanoaoaoa, /oi iaeeaeaiey eee noaiaea?ou ioeaiee aaoaai caaeaiey ia
yniu ( iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue ?ieae ). Neaaeeoa ei, /oi au ianeieueei
iaoaa?aiu ioiineoaeueii ?yaea eiie?aoiuo, naycaiiuo n caaeaieai aii?inia
e oioaee au eiaoue aiciiaeiinoue ianoaeeoue yoe aii?inu n ieie.

6. Ianoaeeoa /oanoai neoee eee ionoonoaea eioa?ana e ?aaioa ni naiei
?oeiaiaeeoaeai. Aua ?ac o/oeoa, ia neaaeoao noaiiaeoueny a iieiaeaiea
aeaeothuaainy. Iauynieoa, /oi au noi?iiiee o?aaothuae ioaea/e nee ?aaiou
e oioaee au eiaoue aiciiaeiinoue i?eiyoue o/anoea a ae?oaeo aeaeao
aeayoaeueiinoe.

7. Iaeaeeoa eaaeaeue aeaiue a?aiy aeey ioeeth/aiey e ioaeuoa. Cae?ieoa
ia iyoue ieioo aeaa?ue eaaeaeia oo?i, iiaeieieoa e iaii?eoa ia
/oi-ieaoaeue iiae, iieiinoueth ?anneaaueoanue e aua?inueoa ?aaioo ec
aieiau. Ia?aoeoanue e i?eyoiui iuneyi eee ia?acai, /oiau inaaaeeoue
iica. Ooiaeeoa a?aiy io a?aiaie ec eiioi?u, /oiau niaieoue ianoaiiaeo
eee oiae iuneae. Ia iaaaeaeoa oai e ia caaea?aeeaaeoanue iiaeieao iinea
oiai, eae aai neaaeiaaei au oaea eaeoe aeiiie eee caiyoueny ae?oaie
?aaioie.

E ae?oaei oaeoi?ai, naycaiiui n iiieaeaieai aa?iyoiinoe no?anna,
ioiinyony niaethaeaiea iaaeeaaeauaai ieoaiey, iiaeaea?aeaiea naay a
oi?ia n iiiiuueth oece/aneeo oi?aaeiaiee e aeinoeaeaiea iauaai
?aaiiaaney a aeecie. A oaaeeoea 1 ( I?eeiaeaiea 1) i?eaaaeaiu ?acee/ey
iaaeaeo no?anniaui e ieceino?anniaui noeeyie aeecie. Iauay noaia
iiyaeaiey no?anna a aeecie /aeiaaea ecia?aaeaia a I?eeiaeaiee 2.

*oiau oi?aaeyoue ae?oaeie, aeinoeaay i?e yoii aunieie
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea e ieceiai o?iaiy no?anna, iu i?aaeeaaaai
neaaeothuaa.

1. Ioeaieoa niiniaiinoe, iio?aaiinoe e neeiiiinoe aaoeo ?aaioieeia e
iiiuoaeoanue aua?aoue iauai e oei ?aaiou aeey ieo, niioaaonoaothuea yoei
oaeoi?ai. Eae oieueei iie i?iaeaiiino?e?otho oniaoiua ?acoeueoaou i?e
auiieiaiee yoeo caaea/, iiaunueoa ei ?aai/oth iaa?oceo, anee iie oiai
aeaeatho. A iiaeoiaeyueo neo/ayo aeaeaae?oeoa iieiiii/ey e
ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

2. ?ac?aoaeoa aaoei ?aaioieeai ioeacuaaoueny io auiieiaiey eaeiai- eeai
caaeaiey, anee o ieo anoue aeey yoiai aeinoaoi/iua iniiaaiey. Anee
iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau iie auiieieee yoi caaeaiea, iauynieoa, ii/aio yoi
ioaeii, e onoaiiaeoa i?ei?eoaou a eo ?aaioa, /oiau aeaoue iaiaoiaeeiia
a?aiy e ?ano?nu aeey auiieiaiey aeiiieieoaeueiiai caaeaiey.

3. *aoei iieoeoa eiie?aoiua ciiu iieiiii/ee, ioaaonoaaiiinoe e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iaeeaeaiee. Eniieuecoeoa aeaonoi?iiithth
eiiioieeaoeeth e eioi?iaoeeth naieo iiae/eiaiiuo ( ia?aoioth naycue ).

4. Eniieuecoeoa noeeue eeaea?noaa, niioaaonoaothuee o?aaiaaieyi aeaiiie
neooaoeee.

5. Iaania/ueoa iaaeeaaeauaa aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ca yooaeoeaioth ?aaioo.

6. Aunooiaeoa a ?iee ianoaaieea ii ioiioaieth e aaoei iiae/eiaiiui,
?acaeaay eo niiniaiinoe e ianoaeaeay n ieie neiaeiua aii?inu.

1.1.2. Ee/iinoiua oaeoi?u.

Ia aeeciaiiii iooe ian iiaeaeeaeaao iiiaeanoai niauoee e iio?ynaiee,
niiniaiuo aucaaoue no?ann. A aieueoeinoaa naiai iie yaeythony
iaiouaieaiie /anoueth iaoae aeecie, iiyoiio ecaaaeaoue eo eee iaieoe
i?inoi iaaiciiaeii. Aaaeii ciaoue, eaeea niauoey e a eaeeo neo/ayo iniai
no?anniaaiiu, – yoi iiiiaeao niya/eoue iaaaoeaiua iineaaenoaey.

Iieo/aiiua a ?acoeueoaoa iiiai/eneaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee aeaiiua
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ia ii?aaeaeaiiie nayce iaaeaeo aucuaathueie no?ann
aeeciaiiuie neooaoeeyie e ia/aeii ?acaeoey ?acee/iuo caaieaaaiee. Iie
iicaieytho naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi aucuaathuaa no?ann niauoea eee yaeaiea
iiaeao auoue iaeiei ec iiiai/eneaiiuo oaeoi?ia iaoae iianaaeiaaiie
aeecie, niinianoaothueo aicieeiiaaieth ?acee/iuo ineoe/aneeo ioeeiiaiee
e ineoiniiaoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee.

O/aiua Oiein e ?aaa ia iniiaa iiiaieaoieo enneaaeiaaiee ninoaaeee
ia?a/aiue iaeaieaa /anoi ano?a/athueony ia?aiai a aeecie, aucuaathueo
no?ann ( I?eeiaeaiea 3). Eaaeaeia oeacaiiia a yoii ia?a/ia
niauoea eiaao ii?aaeaeaiioth yiioeeiiaeueioth cia/eiinoue a aeecie
/aeiaaea, au?aaeathuothny a aaeeao. Iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue a yoii nienea
ii?aaeaeyaony ia iniiaaiee cia/eiinoe eaaeaeiai niauoey. Yoi iiiiaaao
i?iaanoe aooiaiaeec ee/iiai no?anna.

N iiiiuueth yoie oaaeeoeu eaaeaeue /aeiaae, ia iaeaaeay niaoeeaeueiuie
ciaieyie eee iiuoii, iiaeao naiinoiyoaeueii auynieoue noaiaiue naiae
nii?ioeaeyaiinoe no?anno eee, iaiai?io, ?aieiinoe. Aeey yoiai
iaiaoiaeeii aieiaoaeueii eco/eoue ana ioieou ia?a/iy e ioiaoeoue aeey
naay oa niauoey, eioi?ua ca iineaaeiea aeaa aiaea i?ienoiaeeee a aaoae
aeecie. Oaia?ue ia?aoeoa aieiaiea ia eiee/anoai aaeeia, eioi?ui
ioeaieaaaony eaaeaeay neooaoeey, ioia/aiiay aaie. Anee eaeay-oi
neooaoeey aicieeaea o aan /aua iaeiiai ?aca, oi niioaaonoaothuaa
eiee/anoai aaeeia neaaeoao oiiiaeeoue ia aeaiiia eiee/anoai ?ac. Aeaeaa
i?inoiie?oeoa ana iaa?aiiua aaie aaeeu ca eaaeaeoth neooaoeeth e
iaeaeeoa n?aaeiaa a?eoiaoe/aneia. Eoiaiaay noiia ia oieueei au?aaeaao
aaoo noaiaiue no?anniaie iaa?ocee, ii e iaeiia?aiaiii ii?aaeaeyao
noaiaiue aaoae nii?ioeaeyaiinoe no?anno. Aieueoia eiee/anoai aaeeia –
yoi neaiae o?aaiae, i?aaeoi?aaeaeathuee aan ia iianiinoe.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aai iaiaoiaeeii n?i/ii /oi-oi i?aaei?eiyoue, /oiau
eeeaeaee?iaaoue no?ann.

Anee iauay noiia aaeeia iaoiaeeony a i?iiaaeooea io 150 aei 199 aaeeia,
oi o aan aunieay noaiaiue nii?ioeaeyaiinoe no?anno. Anee io 200 aei 299
– ii?iaiaay nii?ioeaeyaiinoue. Anee aea aaoa noiia aaeeia nauoa 300, oi
nii?ioeaeyaiinoue ieceay e icia/aao ?aaeueioth iianiinoue – aai a?iceo
ineoiniiaoe/aneia caaieaaaiea, iineieueeo au aeecee e oaca ia?aiiai
enoiuaiey.

Anee iu niiaa i?iniio?ei ia?a/aiue aeeciaiiuo neooaoeee e niauoee,
niiniaiuo aucaaoue no?ann, oi oaeaeei, /oi iaeioi?ua ec ieo yaeythony
iieiaeeoaeueiuie e aeaaii?eyoii aeeytho ia iaoo aeeciue ( naaaeueaa,
ee/iue oniao, ?iaeaeaiea ?aaaiea, oniaoiay naea/a yecaiaiia ). E?iia
oiai, a oa/aiea aeecie iu eniuouaaai e ae?oaea iieiaeeoaeueiua iuouaiey:
e i?eia?o, ?aaeinoue ( ieii/aiea oeieu, einoeoooa, ano?a/a n ae?ocueyie
e ?iaeiuie, iiaaaea ethaeiie eiiaiaeu), ethaiaue, oai?/aneee iiaeuai (
aaeioiiaaiea), aeinoeaeaiea auaeathuaainy nii?oeaiiai ?acoeueoaoa e o.i.
Iaeiaei no?anniaia iai?yaeaiea niiniaiu aucaaoue eae iieiaeeoaeueiua,
oae e io?eoeaoaeueiua neooaoeee. *oiau eae-oi ?acee/aoue enoi/ieee
no?annia, aea e naie no?annu, iieiaeeoaeueiua iieo/eee iacaaiea
yano?ann, io?eoeaoaeueiua – aeeno?ann, eee i?inoi no?ann.

Iaeioi?ua aeeciaiiua neooaoeee, aucuaathuea no?ann iiaeii i?aaeaeaeaoue.
Iai?eia?, niaio oac ?acaeoey e noaiiaeaiey naiuee eee aea aeieiae/anee
iaoneiaeaiiua eciaiaiey a i?aaiecia, oa?aeoa?iua aeey eaaeaeiai ec ian.
Ae?oaea neooaoeee iaiaeeaeaiiu e iai?aaeneacoaiu, iniaaiii aiacaiiua (
ian/anoiua neo/ae, i?e?iaeiua eaoaeeeciu, nia?oue aeeceiai /aeiaaea).
Nouanoaotho aua neooaoeee, iaoneiaeaiiua iiaaaeaieai /aeiaaea, i?eiyoeai
ii?aaeaeaiiuo ?aoaiee, ii?aaeaeaiiui oiaeii niauoee ( ?acaiae, niaia
ianoa ?aaiou eee ianoa aeeoaeuenoaa e o.i.). Eaaeaeay ec iiaeiaiuo
neooaoeee niiniaia aucaaoue aeooaaiue aeeneiioi?o.

A yoie nayce /aeiaaeo iaiaoiaeeiu oi?ioea aaeaioaoeeiiiua niiniaiinoe,
eioi?ua iiiiaoo ia?aaeeoue naiua oyaeaeua aeeciaiiua neooaoeee,
aunoiyoue a naiuo aeanoeeo aeeciaiiuo eniuoaieyo. Yoe aaeaioaoeeiiiua
niiniaiinoe iu e naie iiaeai a naaa ainieoaoue, e niaa?oainoaiaaoue n
iiiiuueth ?acee/iuo oi?aaeiaiee. I?eaaaeai ianeieueei auaiaeia,
ioaa/athueo ia aii?in, eae iiaeii naiaa?aiaiii iiaeaioiaeoueny e
no?anniaaiiiio niauoeth eee aeeciaiiie neooaoeee e ineaaeoue eo
iaaaoeaiia aicaeaenoaea ia i?aaieci.

1. I?aaeaea anaai iaiaoiaeeia aeinoaoi/iay eioi?iaoeey i aiciiaeiinoe
ianooieaiey iiaeiaiu neooaoeee.

2. I?iaeoiaeoa, eae i?aaeoi?aaeeoue eiie?aoiua aeeciaiiua iianiinoe,
/oiau ia aicieeea iaeeaeaaiay e?eoe/aneay neooaoeey, eee iiiuoaeoanue
iaeoe niiniau aa niya/aiey.

3. Ia niaoeoa aeaeaoue i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiua nei?iiaeeoaeueiua auaiaeu, ia
i?eieiaeoa ?aoaiee nai?y/a, a ninoiyiee ia?aiciinoe eee enoa?ee, aei
oiai eae iaeeaeaaiua niauoey ia/aeenue. Ia iuoaeoanue a i?aaeaeaa?ee
naiiai niauoey, enoiaey ec naieo i?aaeiieiaeaiee, aeaeaoue iiniaoiua
oiicaeeth/aiey – aaaeue a aaoeo iuneyo e aiia?aaeaiee oaea eiaaony
aeinoaoi/iia eiee/anoai iaoa?eaea, niiniaiiai i?iaeeeoiaaoue aeaeaei ia
anaaaea i?aaeeueiia ?aoaiea.

4. Iiiieoa, /oi aieueooth /anoue aucuaathueo no?ann neooaoeee au
niiniaiu ?aoeoue naie, ia i?eaaaay e iiiiue niaoeeaeenoia.

5. I/aiue aaaeii eiaoue aeinoaoi/iue caian yia?aee e neeu aiee aeey
?aoaiey neiaeiuo neooaoeee – yoi iaeii ec aeaaiuo oneiaee aeoeaiie
nii?ioeaeyaiinoe no?anno. Ii aiciiaeiinoe ia iiaeaeaaaeoanue iaieea, ia
aiaaeaeoa a aaniiiiuiinoue. Iao ie/aai ooaea, /ai, iionoea ?oee,
iiei?eoueny niauoeyi. Iaiai?io, no?aieoanue aeoeaii aiaoeaaoueny a
neooaoeeth, aucuaathuoth no?ann.

6. Aai iaiaoiaeeii iiiyoue e i?eiyoue, /oi na?ueaciua ia?aiaiu, a oii e
/enea iaaaoeaiua, – iaiouaieaiay /anoue aeecie.

7. Iiiieoa, /oi no?anniaaiiuie aeeciaiiuie neooaoeeyie auno?aa e eo/oa
iaeaaeaaatho oa, eoi oiaao eniieueciaaoue iaoiaeu ?aeaenaoeee. Yoi naiue
iaaeaaeiue niinia iiaeaioiaee ai?ueau n ieie.

8. Aeoeaiue ia?ac aeecie niinianoaoao nicaeaieth a i?aaiecia caueoiiai
oiia i?ioea no?anna, oeo/oay oai naiui aeayoaeueiinoue aaeaioaoeeiiiuo
i?aaieciia. E?iia oiai, nicaeathony aeaaii?eyoiua aiciiaeiinoe aeey
?acaeoey niiniaiinoe e eiio?ieth naiaai iiaaaeaiey, naieo ?aaeoeee e
aeey naiinoiyoaeueiiai iaeaaeaiey no?annii.

9. Aeey ineaaeaiey iaaaoeaiiai aicaeaenoaey no?anniaie neooaoeee
iaiaoiaeeiu iaaeaaeiua yiioeeiiaeueiua oueu, iiiiaathuea ia?anoe /oanoai
oaa?aiiinoe a naaa e iaania/eaathuea aai yiioeeiiaeueioth e ii?aeueioth
iiaeaea?aeeo.

10. I?aiaeieaoue no?anniaaiiua aeeciaiiua neooaoeee iiaoo iiii/ue
iaeioi?ua iauanoaaiiua einoeooou: iai?eia?, aeioeieueiua o/?aaeaeaiey,
eo?nu aoaeoueo iaoa?ae, eiinoeueoaoeee aeey iieiaeuo noi?oaia e o.ae.

1.2. No?anniaia iai?yaeaiea.

Eoae, no?ann – yoi iai?yaeaiiia ninoiyiea i?aaiecia, o.a.
ianiaoeeoe/aneee ioaao i?aaiecia ia i?aaeuyaeaiiia aio o?aaiaaiea (
no?anniaoth neooaoeeth ). Iiae aicaeaenoaeai no?anna i?aaieci /aeiaaea
eniuouaaao no?anniaia iai?yaeaiea. ?anniio?ei ?acee/iua ninoiyiey
/aeiaaea, eioi?ua iiaoo neaiaeece?iaaoue i iaee/ee a i?aaiecia
aioo?aiiaai iai?yaeaiey. Niciaoaeueiay ioeaiea niiniaia ia?aaanoe yoe
neaiaeu ec noa?u yiioeeiiaeueiie ( /oanoaa ) a noa?o ?aoeeiiaeueioth (
?acoi ) e oai naiui eeeaeaee?iaaoue iaaeaeaoaeueiia ninoiyiea.

I?eciaee no?anniaiai iai?yaeaiey

1. Iaaiciiaeiinoue nin?aaeioi/eoueny ia /ai-oi.

2. Neeoeii /anoua ioeaee a ?aaioa.

3. Oooaeoaaony iaiyoue.

4. Neeoeii /anoi aicieeaao /oanoai onoaeinoe.

5. I/aiue auno?ay ?a/ue.

6. Iunee /anoi oeaoo/eaathony.

7. Aeiaieueii /anoi iiyaeythony aiee ( aieiaa, nieia, iaeanoue aeaeoaeea
).

8. Iiauoaiiay aicaoaeeiinoue.

9. ?aaioa ia aeinoaaeyao i?aaeiae ?aaeinoe.

10. Iioa?y /oanoaa thii?a.

11. ?acei aic?anoaao eiee/anoai aueo?eaaaiuo neaa?ao.

12. I?eno?anoea e aeeiaieueiui iaieoeai.

13. Iinoiyiiia iuouaiea iaaeiaaeaiey.

14. I?iiaaeaao aiiaoeo – aiiaua iioa?yi aeon e aaea.

15. Iaaiciiaeiinoue aia?aiy caeii/eoue ?aaioo.

Anee iu iaia?oaeeee o naay i?eciaee no?anniaiai iai?yaeaiey i?aaiecia,
oi iaiaoiaeeii aieiaoaeueii eco/eoue aai i?e/eiu.

I?e/eiu no?anniaiai iai?yaeaiey.

1. Ai?acaei /aua aai i?eoiaeeony aeaeaoue ia oi, /oi oioaeinue au, a oi,
/oi ioaeii, /oi aoiaeeo a aaoe iaycaiiinoe.

2. Aai iinoiyiii ia oaaoaao a?aiaie – ia oniaaaaoa ie/aai naeaeaoue.

3. Aan /oi-oi eee eoi-oi iiaeaiiyao, au iinoiyiii eoaea-oi niaoeoa.

4. Aai ia/eiaao eacaoueny, /oi ana ie?oaeathuea caaeaou a oeneao
eaeiai-oi aioo?aiiaai iai?yaeaiey.

5. Aai iinoiyiii oi/aony niaoue – ieeae ia iiaeaoa auniaoueny.

6. Au aeaeeoa /a?an/o? iiiai niia, iniaaiii eiaaea i/aiue onoaee ca
aeaiue.

7. Au i/aiue iiiai eo?eoa.

8. Iio?aaeyaoa aeeiaiey aieueoa, /ai iau/ii.

9. Aai ii/oe ie/aai ia i?aaeony.

10. Aeiia, a naiuea, o aan iinoiyiiua eiioeeeou.

11. Iinoiyiii iuouaaoa iaoaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue aeeciueth.

12. Aeacaaoa a aeieae, aeaaea ia ciay, eae n ieie ?anieaoeoueny.

13. O aan iiyaeyaony eiiieaen iaiieiioeaiiinoe.

14. Aai ia n eai iiaiai?eoue i naieo i?iaeaiao, aea e iao iniaiai
aeaeaiey.

15. Au ia /oanoaoaoa oaaaeaiey e naaa – ie aeiia, ie ia ?aaioa.

Aa?iyoii caeanue i?eaaaeaiu ia ana i?e/eiu no?anniaiai iai?yaeaiey.
Eaaeaeue /aeiaae aeieaeai nai i?iaiaeeoue aiaeec naiaai ninoiyiey e
auyaeyoue i?e/eiu no?anniaiai iai?yaeaiey, aiciiaeii oa?aeoa?iua oieueei
aeey aai i?aaiecia ( n o.c?. aai ee/iuo iuouaiee ).

I?aae?aniieiaeaiiinoue e no?anniaiio iai?yaeaieth iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue
oaeaea n iiiiuueth ?acee/iuo oanoia. Iaeei ec ieo i?eaaaeai a
I?eeiaeaiee 4.

Ioaaoea ia i?eaaaeaiiua ieaea aii?inu ( aiciiaeiua aa?eaiou ioaaoia:
“ieeiaaea”, “ec?aaeea”, a?aiy io a?aiaie”, “/anoi”, “i/aiue /anoi” ),
iiaeii oaeaea ii?aaeaeeoue, i?aae?aniieiaeaiu au e no?anno eee iao.

1. *anoi ee au ia?aaaeaaoa ? Neieueei iio?aaeyaoa aeeiaiey ? Iiiai ee
eo?eoa ?

2. Ni?aoeaaaoa ee au naay ( ii e?aeiae ia?a eiiaaea ), noieo ee aiiaua
aeeoue ?

3. N/eoaaoa ee au, /oi aaaeaoa iai?aaeeueiue ia?ac aeecie ?

4. *oanoaoaoa ee au naay aeiiaaoui, eiaaea ie/aai ia aeaeaaoa aeiia –
oieueei ioaeuoaaoa, nieoa, niio?eoa oaeaaeci? ?

5. Eaaeaony ee aai ii?ie i?aaenoiyuaa eciaiaiea a aeecie iai?aiaeieeiui
i?aiyonoaeai?

6. N/eoaaoa ee au naay ianneienoii ?

7. Ia eaaeaony ee aai, /oi au iioa?yee eiio?ieue iaae naiae aeeciueth ?

8. Iuouaaoa ee au iai?yaeaiea a eiioeeeoiuo neooaoeeyo ia ?aaioa eee
aeiia ?

9. Eniuouaaaoa ee au iuouaiea aaciaaeaaeiinoe, anee o aan /oi-oi ia
iieo/aaony ?

10. *oanoaoaoa ee au neeueiia iai?yaeaiea i?e aicieeiiaaiee
iai?aaeaeaeaiiuo neooaoeee ?

11. Caueuaaoa ee au naith oi/eo c?aiey io iaiaaeie ae?oaeo ethaeae ?

12. N/eoaaoa ee au i?e/eiie iaoaea/e ae?oaeo ethaeae eee eaeea-oi ia
caaenyuea io aan ianoiyoaeuenoaa ?

13. Aa?aoa ee au ia naay ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca oniaoe eee iaoniaoe a naiae
aeecie ?

15. *anoi ee o aan auaaao ieioia iano?iaiea ?

I?aaeeueiua, /anoiua ioaaou ia yoe aii?inu iicaieyo acaeyiooue ia naay
ni noi?iiu, ii-iiaiio ioeaieoue naie iunee, iuouaiey e iaeioi?ua
yeaiaiou naiaai iiaaaeaiey.

E anee aae?oa ieaaeaony, /oi ia aieueoeinoai ioaaoia au ioaaoeee “/anoi”
eee “i/aiue /anoi”, cia/eo, aai iaaei auoue i?aaeaeueii aieiaoaeueiui e
naaa, eai aei no?anna, /oi iacuaaaony, ?oeie iiaeaoue.

2. Niiniau ai?ueau ni no?annii.

Aeaaaeoa aua ?ac aa?iainy e ii?aaeaeaieth iiiyoey no?ann. A ia?aaiaea n
aiaeeeneiai ycuea neiai “no?ann” icia/aao “iaaeei, aeaaeaiea,
iai?yaeaiea”. A yioeeeeiiaaee/aneee neiaa?ue aeaao neaaeothuaa
oieeiaaiea no?anna: “Niaieoiiinoue caueoiuo oeceieiae/aneeo ?aaeoeee,
aicieeathueo a i?aaiecia aeeaioiuo e /aeiaaea a ioaao ia aicaeaenoaea
?acee/iuo iaaeaaii?eyoiuo oaeoi?ia (no?anni?ia)”.

Ia?aui aea aeae ii?aaeaeaiea no?anna eaiaaeneee oeceieia Aain Naeuea.
Niaeanii aai ii?aaeaeaieth, no?ann – yoi ana, /oi aaaeao e auno?iio
noa?aieth i?aaiecia eee aucuaaao aieacie. Aicieeaao aii?in, eae
/aeiaa/aneee i?aaieci iiaeao i?ioeainoiyoue no?anno e oi?aaeyoue ei ?

?anniio?ei aiciiaeiua ?aaeoeee i?aaiecia ia no?ann e iniiaiua niiniau
ai?ueau ni no?annii:

– ?aeaenaoeeth;

– eiioeaio?aoeeth;

– aooi?aaoeyoeeth aeuoaiey.

2.1. Eae /aeiaa/aneee i?aaieci ?aaae?oao ia no?ann.

Eaeiau aiciiaeiua ?aaeoeee i?aaiecia /aeiaaea ia no?ann?

1. ?aaeoeey no?anna.

Iaaeaaii?eyoiua oaeoi?u ( no?anni?u ) aucuaatho ?aaeoeeth no?anna,
o.a.no?ann. *aeiaae niciaoaeueii eee iiaeniciaoaeueii noa?aaony
i?eniiniaeoueny e niaa?oaiii iiaie neooaoeee. Caoai ianooiaao
au?aaieaaiea, eee aaeaioaoeey. *aeiaae eeai ia?aoaao ?aaiiaanea a
nicaeaaoaeny neooaoeee e no?ann ia aeaao ieeaeeo iineaaenoaee, eeai ia
aaeaioe?oaony e iae – yoi oae iacuaaaiay IAE-AAeAIOAOeEss ( ieioay
aaeaioaoeey ). Eae neaaenoaea yoiai iiaoo aicieeiooue ?acee/iua
ineoe/aneea eee oece/aneea ioeeiiaiey.

Eiuie neiaaie, no?ann eeai aeinoaoi/ii aeieai i?iaeieaeaaony, eeai
aicieeaao aeiaieueii /anoi. I?e/ai /anoua no?annu niiniaiu i?eaanoe e
enoiuaieth aaeaioaoeeiiiie caueoiie nenoaiu i?aaiecia, /oi , a naith
i/a?aaeue iiaeao noaoue i?e/eiie ineoiniiaoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee.

2. Ianneaiinoue.

Iia i?iyaeyaony o /aeiaaea, aaeaioaoeeiiiue ?aca?a eioi?iai
iaaeinoaoi/ai e i?aaieci ia niiniaai i?ioeainoiyoue no?anno. Aicieeaao
ninoiyiea aaniiiiuiinoe, aaciaaeaaeiinoe, aeai?annee. Ii oaeay
no?anniaay ?aaeoeey iiaeao auoue i?aoiaeyuae.

Aeaa ae?oaea ?aaeoeee aeoeaiua e iiae/eiaiu aiea /aeiaaea.

3. Aeoeaiay caueoa io no?anna. *aeiaae iaiyao noa?o aeayoaeueiinoe e
iaoiaeeo /oi-oi aieaa iieaciia e iiaeoiaeyuaa aeey aeinoeaeaiey
aeooaaiiai ?aaiiaaney, niinianoaothuaa oeo/oaieth ninoiyiey caei?iauey (
nii?o, iocuea, ?aaioa a naaeo eee iai?iaea, eieeaeoeeiie?iaaiea e o.i.
)

4. Aeoeaiay ?aeaenaoeey ( ?anneaaeaiea ), eioi?ay iiauoaao i?e?iaeioth
aaeaioaoeeth /aeiaa/aneiai i?aaiecia – eae ineoe/aneoth, oae e
oece/aneoth. Yoa ?aaeoeey iaeaieaa aeaenoaaiiay.

Iiiuoaainy iauynieoue, /oi i?ienoiaeeo a i?aaiecia ai a?aiy no?anna.

A ii?iaeueiuo oneiaeyo a ioaao ia no?ann o /aeiaaea aicieeaao ninoiyiea
o?aaiae, niyoaiey, eioi?ia yaeyaony aaoiiaoe/aneie iiaeaioiaeie e
aeoeaiiio aeaenoaeth: aoaeothuaio eee caueoiiio. Oaeay iiaeaioiaea
inouanoaeyaony a i?aaiecia anaaaea, iacaaeneii io oiai, eaeie aoaeao
?aaeoeey ia no?ann – aeaaea oiaaea, eiaaea ia i?ienoiaeeo ieeaeiai
oece/aneiai aeaenoaey. Eiioeuen aaoiiaoe/aneie ?aaeoeee iiaeao auoue
iioaioeeaeueii iaaaciianai e i?eaiaeeo i?aaieci a ninoiyiea aunoae
aioiaiinoe. Na?aeoea ia/eiaao aeoueny o/auaiii, iiauoaaony e?iayiia
aeaaeaiea, iuooeu iai?yaathony. Aia caaeneiinoe io oiai, na?ueacia ee
iianiinoue (oa?ica aeecie, oece/aneia ianeeea) eee ia i/aiue ( neiaaniia
inei?aeaiea ), a i?aaiecia aicieeaao o?aaiaa e a ioaao ia iaa –
aioiaiinoue i?ioeainoiyoue.

2.2. ?aeaenaoeey.

Aaoiiaoe/aneay ?aaeoeey o?aaiae ninoieo ec o?ao iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo oac
(niaeanii oai?ee A.Naeuea) :

– eiioeuen

-no?ann

-aaeaioaoeey.

Eiuie neiaaie, anee ianooiaao no?ann, oi anei?a no?anniaia ninoiyiea
eaeao ia oaueue – /aeiaae oae eee eia/a oniieaeaaaony. Anee aea
aaeaioaoeey ia?ooaaony ( eee aiiaua ionoonoaoao), oi aiciiaeii
aicieeiiaaiea iaeioi?uo ineoiniiaoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee eee ?anno?ienoa.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, anee /aeiaae oi/ao iai?aaeoue naie oneeey ia nio?aiaiea
caei?iauey, oi ia no?anniaue eiioeuen ii aeieaeai iniciaiii ioaa/aoue
?aeaenaoeeae. N iiiiuueth yoiai aeaea aeoeaiie caueou /aeiaae a
ninoiyiee aiaoeaaoueny a ethaoth ec o?ao oac no?anna. Oai naiui ii
iiaeao iiiaoaoue aicaeaenoaeth no?anniaiai eiioeuena, caaea?aeaoue aai
eee ( anee no?anniaay neooaoeey aua ia ianooieea) ineaaeoue no?ann,
i?aaeioa?aoea oai naiui ineoiniiaoe/aneea ia?ooaiey a i?aaiecia.

Aeoeaece?oy aeayoaeueiinoue ia?aiie nenoaiu, ?aeaenaoeey ?aaoee?oao
iano?iaiea e noaiaiue ineoe/aneiai aicaoaeaeaiey, iicaieyao ineaaeoue
eee na?ineoue aucaaiiia no?annii ineoe/aneia e iuoa/iia iai?yaeaiea.

Oae /oi aea oaeia ?aeaenaoeey ?

?aeaenaoeey – yoi iaoiae, n iiiiuueth eioi?iai iiaeii /anoe/ii eee
iieiinoueth ecaaaeyoueny io oece/aneiai eee ineoe/aneiai iai?yaeaiey.
?aeaenaoeey yaeyaony i/aiue iieaciui iaoiaeii, iineieueeo iaeaaeaoue ath
aeiaieueii eaaei – ey yoiai ia o?aaoaony niaoeeaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey e
aeaaea i?e?iaeiiai aea?a. Ii anoue iaeii iai?aiaiiia oneiaea –
iioeaaoeey, o.a. eaaeaeiio iaiaoiaeeii ciaoue, aeey /aai ii oi/ao
inaieoue ?aeaenaoeeth.

Iaoiaeu ?aeaenaoeee ioaeii inaaeaaoue ca?aiaa, /oiau a e?eoe/aneee
iiiaio iiaeii auei cai?inoi i?ioeainoiyoue ?acae?aaeaieth e ineoe/aneie
onoaeinoe. I?e ?aaoey?iinoe caiyoee ?aeaenaoeeiiiua oi?aaeiaiey
iinoaiaiii noaioo i?eau/eie, aoaeoo annioeee?iaaoueny n i?eyoiuie
aia/aoeaieyie, oioy aeey oiai /oiau eo inaieoue, iaiaoiaeeii oii?noai e
oa?iaiea.

2.2.1. ?aeaenaoeeiiiua oi?aaeiaiey.

Aieueoeinoai ec ian oaea ianoieueei i?eaueei e aeooaaiiio e iuoa/iiio
iai?yaeaieth, /oi aini?eieiatho aai eae anoanoaaiiia ninoiyiea, aeaaea
ia iniciaaay, ianeieueei yoi a?aaeii. Neaaeoao /aoei oynieoue, /oi
inaiea ?aeaenaoeeth, iiaeii iao/eoueny yoi iai?yaeaiea ?aaoee?iaaoue,
i?einoaiaaeeaaoue e ?anneaaeyoueny ii nianoaaiiie aiea, ii naiaio
aeaeaieth.

Eoae, auiieiyoue oi?aaeiaiey ?aeaenaoeeiiiie aeiianoeee aeaeaoaeueii a
ioaeaeueiii iiiauaiee, aac iinoi?iiieo aeac. Oeaeueth oi?aaeiaiee
yaeyaony iieiia ?anneaaeaiea iuooe. Iieiay iuoa/iay ?aeaenaoeey
ieacuaaao iieiaeeoaeueiia aeeyiea ia ineoeeo e nieaeaao aeooaaiia
?aaiiaanea. Ineoe/aneay aooi?aeaenaoeey iiaeao aucaaoue ninoiyiea
“eaeaeiie ionoiou”. Yoi icia/aao ieiooiia ia?ooaiea ineoe/aneeo e
iuneeoaeueiuo naycae n ie?oaeathuei ie?ii, eioi?ia aeaao iaiaoiaeeiue
ioaeuo iicao. Caeanue iaaei i?iyaeyoue inoi?iaeiinoue e ia
ia?aona?aenoaiaaoue n io?aoaieai io ie?a.

Aeey ia/aea oi?aaeiaiee iaiaoiaeeii i?eiyoue enoiaeiia iieiaeaiea: eaaea
ia nieia, iiae ?acaaaeaiu a noi?iiu, nooiie ?acaa?ioou iineaie ia?oaeo,
?oee naiaiaeii eaaeao aaeieue oaea( eaaeiiyie aaa?o ). Aieiaa neaaea
cai?ieeiooa iacaae. Ana oaei ?anneaaeaii, aeaca cae?uou, aeuoaiea /a?ac
iin.

I?eaaaeai i?eia?u iaeioi?uo ?aeaenaoeeiiiuo oi?aaeiaiee.

1. Eaaeeoa niieieii i?eia?ii 2 ieioou, aeaca cae?uou. Iiiuoaeoanue
i?aaenoaaeoue iiiauaiea, a eioi?ii iaoiaeeoanue. Nia/aea iii?iaoeoa
iuneaiii iaieoe anth eiiiaoo(aaeieue noai), a caoai i?iaeaeaeoa iooue ii
anaio ia?eiao?o oaea – io aieiau aei iyoie e ia?aoii.

2. Aieiaoaeueii neaaeeoa ca naiei aeuoaieai, ianneaii niciaaay, /oi
aeuoeoa /a?ac iin, Iuneaiii ioiaoueoa, /oi aaeuoaaiue aicaeoo ianeieueei
oieiaeiaa auaeuoaaiiai. Nin?aaeioi/ueoanue ia naiai aeuoaiee a oa/aiee
1-2 ieioo. Iinoa?aeoanue ia aeoiaoue ie i /ai ae?oaii.

3. Naeaeaeoa iaaeoaieee aaeio e ia iaiiaaiea caaea?aeeoa aeuoaiea.
Iaeiia?aiaiii ?acei iai?yaeoa ana iuooeu ia ianeieueei naeoiae,
noa?aynue ii/oanoaiaaoue iai?yaeaiea ai anai oaea. I?e auaeioa
?anneaaueoanue. Iiaoi?eoa 3 ?aca.

Caoai iieaaeeoa niieieii ianeieueei ieioo, ?anneaaeaoenue e
nin?aaeioi/eaoenue ia iuouaiee oyaeanoe naiaai oaea. Ianeaaeaeaeoanue
yoei i?eyoiui iuouaieai.

Oaia?ue auiieiyeoa oi?aaeiaiey aeey ioaeaeueiuo /anoae oaea – n
iiia?aiaiiui iai?yaeaieai e ?anneaaeaieai.

4. Oi?aaeiaiea aeey iuooe iia. Iai?yaeoa n?aco ana iuooeu iia – io iyoie
aei aaaea?. A oa/aiea ianeieueeeo naeoiae oeene?oeoa iai?yaeaiiia
ninoiyiea, noa?aynue i?i/oanoaiaaoue iai?yaeaiea, a caoai ?anneaaueoa
iuooeu. Iiaoi?eoa 3 ?aca.

Caoai iieaaeeoa niieieii a oa/aiea ianeieueeeo ieioo, iieiinoueth
?anneaaeaoenue e iuouay oyaeanoue naieo ?anneaaeaiiuo iia.

Ana caoee ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu ?aaeno?e?oeoa a niciaiee, ii ia
aini?eieiaeoa. Oi aea naiia ioiineony e e iuneyi, iaeiaei ia iuoaeoanue
eo iiai?ioue, eo ioaeii oieueei ?aaeno?e?iaaoue.

Neaaeothuea oi?aaeiaiey eaeaioe/iu oi?aaeiaieth, iienaiiiio auoa, ii
ioiinyony e ae?oaei iuooeai oaea: yaiaee/iua iuooeu, a?thoiie i?ann,
iuooeu a?oaeiie eeaoee, iuooeu ?oe, iuooeu eeoea ( aoau, eia).

A caeeth/aiea iuneaiii “i?iaaaeoanue” ii anai iuooeai oaea – ia
inoaeinue ee aaea-ieaoaeue oioue iaeaeoaai iai?yaeaiey. Anee aea, oi
iinoa?aeoanue niyoue aai, iineieueeo ?anneaaeaiea aeieaeii auoue iieiui.

Caaa?oay ?aeaenaoeeiiiua oi?aaeiaiey, naeaeaeoa aeoaieee aaeio,
caaea?aeeoa aeuoaiea e ia iaiiaaiea iai?yaeoa iuooeu anaai oaea: i?e
auaeioa ?anneaaueoa iuooeu. Iinea yoiai aeieai eaaeeoa ia nieia –
niieieii, ?anneaaeaoenue, aeuoaiea ?iaiia, aac caaea?aeae. Au aiiaue
ia?aee aa?o a naie neeu, niiniaiu i?aiaeieaoue no?anniaoth neooaoeeth –
e aicieeaao iuouaiea aioo?aiiaai niieienoaey. Iinea auiieiaiey yoeo
oi?aaeiaiee au aeieaeiu ii/oanoaiaaoue naay ioaeioioaoei, iieiui nee e
yia?aee.

Oaia?ue ioe?ieoa aeaca, caoai caaeio?ueoa ianeieueei ?ac, niiaa ioe?ieoa
e neaaeei iioyieoanue iinea i?eyoiiai i?iaoaeaeaiey. I/aiue iaaeeaiii,
ieaaii, aac ?uaeia nyaeueoa. Caoai oae aea iaaeeaiii, aac ?aceeo
aeaeaeaiee, anoaiueoa, noa?aynue eae iiaeii aeieueoa nio?aieoue i?eyoiia
iuouaiea aioo?aiiaai ?anneaaeaiey.

Ni a?aiaiai yoe oi?aaeiaiey aoaeoo auiieiyoueny auno?aa, /ai a ia/aea.
Iicaeiaa iiaeii aoaeao ?anneaaeyoue oaei oiaaea, eiaaea iiiaaeiaeony.

2.3. Eiioeaio?aoeey.

Iaoiaiea nin?aaeioi/eoueny – oaeoi?, oanii naycaiiue ni no?annii.
Iai?eia?, aieueoeinoai ?aaioathueo aeaiuei aeiia auiieiytho o?e
ooieoeee: aeiiaoiae oicyeee, noi?oae e iaoa?e. Eaaeaeay ec yoeo ooieoeee
o?aaoao io aeaiueiu nin?aaeioi/aiiinoe, i?aaeaeueiiai aieiaiey e,
anoanoaaiii, iieiie naiiioaea/e. Aicieeaao iiiaie?aoiay
ianin?aaeioi/aiiinoue. Eaaeaeay ec yoeo o?ao ooieoeee aucuaaao oeaeue
?yae eiioeuenia, ioaeaeathueo aieiaiea aeaiueiu io auiieiyaiie a aeaiiue
iiiaio aeayoaeueiinoe e niiniaiuo aucaaoue no?anniaoth neooaoeeth. Oaeia
?ac?uaaiea ia /anoe eci aeiy a aeaiue i?eaiaeeo a eiioea eiioeia e
enoiuaieth, aeaaiui ia?acii ineoe/aneiio. A oaeii neo/aa
eiioeaio?aoeeiiiua oi?aaeiaiey i?inoi iacaiaieiu. Eo iiaeii auiieiyoue
aaea e eiaaea oaiaeii a oa/aiea aeiy. Aeey ia/aea aeaeaoaeueii
caieiaoueny aeiia: ?aii oo?ii, ia?aae ooiaeii ia ?aaioo(o/aao) , eee
aa/a?ii, ia?aae niii, eee – aua eo/oa – n?aco aea iinea aica?auaiey
aeiiie.

Eoae , iaicia/ei i?eia?iue ii?yaeie auiieiaiey eiioeaio?aoeeiiiuo
oi?aaeiaiee.

1. Iinoa?aeoanue, /oiau a iiiauaiee, aaea au i?aaeiieaaaaoa caieiaoueny,
ia auei c?eoaeae.

2. Nyaeueoa ia oaao?aoeo eee iau/iue nooe – oieueei aieii e nieiea,
/oiau ia iie?aoueny ia iaa. Nooe ie a eiai neo/aa ia aeieaeai auoue n
iyaeei neaeaiueai, eia/a yooaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeiaiey nieceony. Nyaeueoa
eae iiaeii oaeiaiaa, /oiau au iiaee iaoiaeeoueny iaiiaeaeaeii a oa/aiea
ii?aaeaeaiiiai a?aiaie.

3. ?oee naiaiaeii iieiaeeoa ia eieaie, aeaca cae?ieoa (iie aeieaeiu
auoue cae?uou aei ieii/aiey oi?aaeiaiey, /oiau aieiaiea ia ioaeaeaeinue
ia iinoi?iiiea i?aaeiaou – ieeaeie aecoaeueiie eioi?iaoeee).

4. Aeuoeoa /a?ac iin niieieii, ia iai?yaeaiii. Noa?aeoanue
nin?aaeioi/eoueny eeoue ia oii, /oi aaeuoaaiue aicaeoo oieiaeiaa
auaeuoaaiiai.

5. A oaia?ue aeaa aa?eaioa eiioeaio?aoeeiiiuo oi?aaeiaiee:

a) eiioeaio?aoeey ia n/aoa.

Iuneaiii iaaeeaiii n/eoaeoa io 1 aei 10 e nin?aaeioi/ueoanue ia yoii
iaaeeaiiii n/aoa. Anee a eaeie-oi iiiaio iunee ia/ioo ?annaeaaoueny e au
aoaeaoa ia a ninoiyiee nin?aaeioi/eoueny ia n/aoa, ia/ieoa n/eoaoue
nia/aea. Iiaoi?yeoa n/ao a oa/aiea ianeieueeeo ieioo.

a) eiioeaio?aoeey ia neiaa.

Auaa?aoa eaeia-ieaoaeue ei?ioeia ( eo/oa anaai aeaoneiaeiia ) neiai,
eioi?ia aucuaaao o aan iieiaeeoaeueiua yiioeee eee aea n eioi?ui naycaiu
i?eyoiua ainiiieiaiey. Ionoue yoi aoaeao eiy ethaeiiai /aeiaaea, eee
eaneiaia i?icaeua, eioi?ui aan iacuaaee a aeaonoaa ?iaeeoaee, eee
iacaaiea ethaeiiai aethaea. Anee neiai aeaoneiaeiia, oi iuneaiii
i?ieciineoa ia?aue neia ia aaeioa, aoi?ie – ia auaeioa.

Nin?aaeioi/ueoanue ia “naiai” neiaa, eioi?ia ioiuia noaiao aaoei
ia?niiaeueiui eicoiaii i?e eiioeaio?aoeee. Eiaiii oaeay eiioeaio?aoeey
i?eaiaeeo e aeaeaaiiio iiai/iiio ?acoeueoaoo – ?aeaenaoeee anae iicaiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe.

6. Auiieiyeoa ?aeaenaoeeiiii-eiioeaio?aoeeiiiua oi?aaeiaiey a oa/aiea
ianeieueeeo ieioo. Oi?aaeiyeoanue aei oao ii?, iiea yoi aeinoaaeyao aai
oaeiaieuenoaea.

7. Caeii/ea oi?aaeiaiea, i?iaaaeeoa eaaeiiyie ii aaeai, ia niaoa
ioe?ieoa aeaca e iioyieoanue. Aua ianeieueei iaiiaaiee niieieii
iineaeeoa ia nooea. Ioiaoueoa, /oi aai oaeaeinue iiaaaeeoue
?annayiiinoue.

*anoi aicieeatho oaeea neooaoeee, eiaaea neiaeii aniiiieoue /ueth-oi
oaieeeth eee eaeoth-oi naith iuneue. Iu /anoi ?anoa?yiii inoaiaaeeaaainy
iin?aaee eiiiaou eee ei?eaei?a, iuoaynue aniiiieoue, ca /ai iioee eee
/oi oioaee naeaeaoue. Eiaiii a iiaeiaiuo neo/ayo ?aeiiaiaeoaony
e?aoeia?aiaiiay eiioeaio?aoeey ii eiiaiaea – ia naiai neiaa eee ia
n/aoa. A aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa auiaaoaa ec iaiyoe neiai ( eee iuneue)
i?eeaeao a aieiao aoeaaeueii /a?ac iaiiaaiea. Eiia/ii, iao ieeaeeo
aa?aioee, /oi yoi iaycaoaeueii aoaeao anaaaea oaeaaaoueny. Ii n
iiiiuueth eiioeaio?aoeee ia neiaa eee n/aoa iiaeii aniiiieoue caauoia
auno?aa, /ai n iiiiuueth oneeaiiiai iai?yaeaiey iaiyoe. N iiiiuueth
yoiai i?inoiai iaoiaea /aeiaae a ninoiyiee naeaeaoue oneeea e
i?aiaeieaoue naay.

2.4. Aooi?aaoeyoeey aeuoaiey.

A ii?iaeueiuo oneiaeyo i aeuoaiee ieeoi ia aeoiaao e ia aniiieiaao. Ii
eiaaea ii eaeei-oi i?e/eiai aicieeatho ioeeiiaiey io ii?iu, aae?oa
noaiiaeony o?oaeii aeuoaoue. Aeuoaiea noaiiaeony cao?oaeiaiiui e
oyaeaeui i?e oece/aneii iai?yaeaiee eee a no?anniaie neooaoeee. E
iaiai?io, i?e neeueiii enioaa, iai?yaeaiiii iaeeaeaiee /aai-oi ethaee
iaaieueii caaea?aeeaatho aeuoaiea ( caoaeaatho aeuoaiea).

*aeiaae eiaao aiciiaeiinoue, niciaoaeueii oi?aaeyy aeuoaieai
eniieueciaaoue aai aeey oniieiaiey, aeey niyoey iai?yaeaiey – eae
iuoa/iiai, oae e ineoe/aneiai, oaeei ia?acii, aooi?aaoeyoeey aeuoaiey
iiaeao noaoue aeaenoaaiiui n?aaenoaii ai?ueau ni no?annii, ia?yaeo n
?aeaenaoeeae e eiioeaio?aoeeae.

I?ioeaino?anniaua aeuoaoaeueiua oi?aaeiaiey iiaeii auiieiyoue a ethaii
iieiaeaiee. Iaycaoaeueii eeoue iaeii oneiaea: iicaiii/iee aeieaeai
iaoiaeeoueny a no?iai aa?oeeaeueiii eee ai?eciioaeueiii iieiaeaiee. Yoi
aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aeuoaoue anoanoaaiii, naiaiaeii, aac iai?yaeaiey,
iieiinoueth ?anoyaeaaoue iuooeu a?oaeiie eeaoee e aeeaioa. I/aiue
aaaeii oaeaea i?aaeeueiia iieiaeaiea aieiau: iia aeieaeia neaeaoue ia
oaa i?yii e naiaiaeii. ?anneaaeaiiay, i?yii neaeyuay aieiaa a
ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie auoyaeaaao aaa?o a?oaeioth eeaoeo e ae?oaea /anoe
oaea. Anee ana a ii?yaeea e iuooeu ?anneaaeaiu, oi iiaeii oi?aaeiyoueny
a naiaiaeiii aeuoaiee, iinoiyiii eiio?iee?oy aai.

Iu ia aoaeai iiae?iaii ?anneacuaaoue caeanue i oii, eaeea aeuoaoaeueiua
oi?aaeiaiey nouanoaotho ( eo eaaei iaeoe a eeoa?aoo?a), ii i?eaaaeai
neaaeothuea auaiaeu:

1. N iiiiuueth aeoaieiai e niieieiiai aooi?aaoee?oaiiai aeuoaiey iiaeii
i?aaeoi?aaeeoue ia?aiaaeu iano?iaiey.

2. I?e niaoa, acaeioao, eaoea, ?acaiai?a, iaiee eee aeaeeaiaoeee
i?ienoiaeyo ii?aaeaeaiiua eciaiaiey ?eoia aeuoaiey ii n?aaiaieth n oae
iacuaaaiui ii?iaeueiui aaoiiaoe/aneei aeuoaieai. Ec yoiai neaaeoao, /oi
niinia e ?eoi aeuoaiey iiaeii oeaeaiai?aaeaiii ?aaoee?iaaoue n iiiiuueth
niciaoaeueiiai caiaaeeaiey e oaeoaeaiey.

3. Oaaee/aiea i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe auaeioa niinianoaoao oniieiaieth e
iieiie ?aeaenaoeee.

4. Aeuoaiea niieieiiai e o?aaiiaaoaiiiai /aeiaaea nouanoaaiii ioee/aaony
io aeuoaiey /aeiaaea a ninoiyiee no?anna. Oaeei ia?acii, ii ?eoio
aeuoaiey iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue ineoe/aneia ninoiyiea /aeiaaea.

5. ?eoie/iia aeuoaiea oniieaeaaao ia?au o ineoeeo; i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue
ioaeaeueiuo oac aeuoaiey ia eiaao cia/aiey – aaaeai ?eoi.

6. Io i?aaeeueiiai aeuoaiey a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a caaeneo caei?iauea
/aeiaaea, a cia/eo, e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue aeecie. E anee aeuoaiea
yaeyaony a?iaeaeaiiui aaconeiaiui ?aoeaenii, oi, neaaeiaaoaeueii aai
iiaeii niciaoaeueii ?aaoee?iaaoue.

7. *ai iaaeeaiiaa e aeoaaea, niieieiaa e ?eoie/iaa iu aeuoei, /ai nei?aa
iu i?eaueiai e yoiio niiniao aeuoaiey, oai nei?aa ii noaiao ninoaaiie
/anoueth iaoae aeecie.

3. Iaoiaeu i?ioeeaeoeee no?anna.

Ia?ac aeecie – yoi iaoa iianaaeiaaiay aeeciue n ?aiiaai oo?a aei
iicaeiaai aa/a?a, eaaeaeoth iaaeaeth, eaaeaeue ianyoe, eaaeaeue aiae.
Ninoaaiuie /anoyie aeoeaiiai e ?aeaenaoeeiiiiai ia?aca aeecie yaeythony
e ia/aei o?oaeiaiai aeiy, e ?aaeei ieoaiey, e aeaeaaoaeueiay
aeoeaiinoue, e ea/anoai ioaeuoa ne nia, e acaeiiioiioaiey n
ie?oaeathueie, e ?aaeoeey ia no?ann, e iiiaia ae?oaia. Eiaiii io ian
caaeneo, eaeei aoaeao iao ia?ac aeecie – caei?iaui, aeoeaiui eee aea
iacaei?iaui, ianneaiui.

Anee iai oaeanony iieiaeeoaeueii iiaeeyoue ia naie iniiaiua aeeciaiiua
i?eioeeiu, aeiaeoueny oiai, /oiau ?aeaenaoeey e eiioeaio?aoeey noaee
ninoaaiie /anoueth iaoaai ia?aca aeecie, oi iu noaiai o?aaiiaaoaiiaa e
aoaeai aieaa niieieii ?aaae?iaaoue ia no?anniaaiiua oaeoi?u. Iaiaoiaeeii
ciaoue, /oi iu a ninoiyiee niciaoaeueii aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia oa eee eiua
i?ioeannu, i?ienoiaeyuea a i?aaiecia, o.a. iaeaaeaai niiniaiinoueth
aooi?aaoeyoeee.

Iiaeii auaeaeeoue /aou?a iniiaiuo iaoiaea i?ioeeaeoeee no?anna n
iiiiuueth aooi?aaoeyoeee: ?aeaenaoeey, i?ioeaino?anniaay
“ia?aaeaeea”aeiy, ieacaiea ia?aie iiiiue i?e ino?ii no?anna e aooiaiaeec
ee/iiai no?anna. Eniieueciaaiea yoeo iaoiaeia i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe
aeinooiii eaaeaeiio. I ?aeaenaoeee iu oaea aiai?eee, iiyoiio ?anniio?ei
o?e ae?oaeo iaoiaea.

3.1. I?ioeaino?anniaay “ia?aaeaeea” aeiy.

I/aiue /anoi ethaee i?e aica?auaiee aeiiie ia?aiinyo naith ?aai/oth
aeoeaiinoue, aicaoaeaeaiiinoue a naiueth. *oi aea ioaeii, /oiau
ecaaaeoueny io naieo aeiaaiuo aia/aoeaiee e, ia?anooiea ii?ia aeiia, ia
auiauaoue ia aeiiaoieo naia ieioia iano?iaiea? Aaaeue oaeei ia?acii iu
i?eiinei aeiiie no?ann, a aeiie anaio – iaoa iaoiaiea io?aoeoueny io
iaeiieaoeony ca aeaiue aia/aoeaiee. I?aaeaea anaai, ioaeii onoaiiaeoue
oi?iooth o?aaeeoeeth: aic?aoeaoenue aeiiie n ?aaiou eee o/aau , n?aco
aea i?iaiaeeoue ?aeaenaoeeth.

Aio ianeieueei ?aeiiaiaeoaiuo niiniaia ?aeaenaoeee ca 10 ieioo.

1. Nyaeueoa a e?anei, ?anneaaueoanue e niieieii ioaeioieoa. Eee aea
nyaeueoa iioaeiaiaa ia nooe e i?eieoa ?aeaenaoeeiiioth “iico eo/a?a”.

2. Caaa?eoa naaa e?aieiai /ay eee naa?eoa eioa. ?anoyieoa eo ia 10
ieioo, noa?aeoanue a yoio io?acie a?aiaie ie i /ai na?ueaciii ia
aeoiaoue.

3. Aeeth/eoa iaaieoioii e iineooaeoa naith ethaeioth iocueo.
Ianeaaeaeaeoanue yoeie /oaeaniuie iaiiaaieyie. Iinoa?aeoanue iieiinoueth
iia?oceoueny a iocueo, ioeeth/eaoenue io aaoeo iuneae.

4. Anee aaoe aeeceea aeiia, auiaeoa /ae eee eioa aianoa n ieie e
niieieii iiaanaaeoeoa i /ai-ieaoaeue. Ia ?aoaeoa naie i?iaeaiu n?aco aea
ii aica?auaiee aeiiie: a ninoiyiee onoaeinoe, ?acaeoinoe yoi i/aiue
o?oaeii, a ii?ie iaaiciiaeii. Auoiae ec ooieeiaiai iieiaeaiey au
niiaeaoa iaeoe iinea oiai, eae i?ieaeao iaiiiai a?aiaie e niaaeao
iai?yaeaiea o?oaeiaiai aeiy.

5. Iaiieieoa aaiio ia i/aiue ai?y/ae aiaeie e iieaaeeoa a iae. A aaiia
i?iaeaeaeoa oniieaeaathuea aeuoaoaeueiua oi?aaeiaiey. Naeaeaeoa
aeoaieee aaeio /a?ac niieiooua aoau, iionoeoa ieaeithth /anoue eeoea e
iin a aiaeo e naeaeaeoa i/aiue iaaeeaiiue auaeio. Iinoa?aeoanue
auaeuoaoue eae iiaeii aeieueoa (auaeio n nii?ioeaeaieai). I?aaenoaaueoa
naaa, /oi n eaaeaeui auaeioii iauaa iai?yaeaiea, iaeiieaoaany ca aeaiue,
iinoaiaiii niaaeaao.

6. Iiaoeyeoa ia naaaeai aicaeooa.

7. Iaaeaiueoa nii?oeaiue einothi, e?inniaee e iiaaaaeoa yoe 10 ieioo.

I/aiue aaaeii, /oiau eieoeeaoeaa oaeeo “ia?aaeaeie” aeiy enoiaeeea io
ian naieo. Iaiaoiaeeii i?aaeoi?aaeeoue naieo aeeceeo, /oi a yoi ei?ioeee
ia?eiae a?aiaie iu caauaaai i naieo aeiiaoieo iaycaiiinoyo e
iii?iaiaaoue i?iaanoe yoe 10 ieioo aianoa n ieie. Ia naaaeoth aieiao ia
?aoaiea anao aeiiaoieo i?iaeai iio?aaoaony ai?acaei iaiueoa ia?aiie e
oece/aneie yia?aee.

3.2. Ia?aay iiiiuue i?e ino?ii no?anna.

Anee iu iaiaeeaeaiii ieacuaaainy a no?anniaie neooaoeee ( ian eoi-oi
?aciceee, ia?oaae ia/aeueiee eee eoi-oi ec aeiiaoieo canoaaee
iiia?aie/aoue) – o ian ia/eiaaony ino?ue no?ann. Aeey ia/aea ioaeii
nia?aoue a eoeae anth naith aieth e neiiaiaeiaaoue naaa “NOII!”, /oiau
?acei caoi?iiceoue ?acaeoea ino?iai no?anna. *oiau noiaoue ec ninoiyiey
ino?iai no?anna, /oiau oniieieoueny, iaiaoiaeeii iaeoe yooaeoeaiue
niinia naiiiiiiue. E oiaaea a e?eoe/aneie neooaoeee, eioi?ay iiaeao
aicieeiooue eaaeaeoth ieiooo, iu niiaeai auno?i ni?eaioe?iaaoueny,
i?eaaaioa e yoiio iaoiaeo iiiiue i?e ino?ii no?anna.

Ia?a/eneei iaeioi?ua niaaou, eioi?ua iiaoo iiii/ue aai aueoe ec
ninoiyiey ino?iai no?anna.

1. I?ioeaino?anniaia aeuoaiea. Iaaeeaiii auiieiyeoa aeoaieee aaeio /a?ac
iin; ia ieea aaeioa ia iaiiaaiea caaea?aeeoa aeuoaiea, iinea /aai
naeaeaeoa auaeio eae iiaeii iaaeeaiiaa. Yoi oniieaeaathuaa aeuoaiea.
Iinoa?aeoanue i?aaenoaaeoue naaa. *oi n eaaeaeui aeoaieei aaeioii e
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiui auaeioii au /anoe/ii ecaaaeyaoanue io no?anniaiai
iai?yaeaiey.

2. Ieiooiay ?aeaenaoeey. ?anneaaueoa oaieee ?oa, oaeaaeieoa aoau.
?anneaaueoa iea/e. Nin?aaeioi/ueoanue ia au?aaeaiee naiaai eeoea e
iieiaeaiee oaea: iiiieoa, /oi iie io?aaeatho aaoe yiioeee, iunee
aioo?aiiaa ninoiyiea. Aiieia anoanoaaiii, /oi au ia oioeoa, /oiau
ie?oaeathuea ciaee i aaoai no?anniaii ninoiyiee. A yoii neo/aa au
iiaeaoa eciaieoue “ycue eeoea e oaea” iooai ?anneaaeaiey iuooe e
aeoaieiai aeuoaiey.

3. Iaeyieoanue aie?oa e aieiaoaeueii iniio?eoa iiiauaiea, a eioi?ii au
iaoiaeeoanue. Ia?auaeoa aieiaiea ia iaeue/aeoea aeaoaee, aeaaea anee au
eo oi?ioi ciaaoa. Iaaeeaiii, ia oi?iiynue, iuneaiii “ia?aaa?eoa” ana
i?aaeiaou iaeei ca ae?oaei a ii?aaeaeaiiie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe.
Iinoa?aeoanue iieiinoueth nin?aaeioi/eoueny ia yoie “eiaaioa?ecaoeee”.
Aiai?eoa iuneaiii naiiio naaa: ”Ei?e/iaaue ienueiaiiue noie, aaeua
caiaaanee, e?aniay aaca aeey oeaaoia” e o.ae. Nin?aaeioi/eaoenue ia
eaaeaeii ioaeaeueiii i?aaeiaoa, au ioaea/aoanue io aioo?aiiaai
no?anniaiai iai?yaeaiey, iai?aaeyy naia aieiaiea ia ?aoeeiiaeueiia
aini?eyoea ie?oaeathuae ianoaiiaee.

4. Anee iicaieytho ianoiyoaeuenoaa, iieeiueoa iiiauaiea, a eioi?ii o aan
aiciee ino?ue no?ann. Ia?aeaeeoa a ae?oaia, aaea ieeiai iao, eee
aueaeeoa ia oeeoeo, aaea niiaeaoa inoaoueny iaaaeeia ni naieie iuneyie.
?acaa?eoa iuneaiii yoi iiiauaiea (anee au auoee ia oeeoeo, oi
ie?oaeathuea aeiia, i?e?iaeo)”ii einoi/eai”, eae iienaii a ioieoa 3.

5. Anoaiueoa, iiae ia oe?eia iea/, iaeeiieoanue aia?aae e
?anneaaueoanue. Aieiaa, iea/e e ?oee naiaiaeii naaoeaathony aiec.
Aeuoaiea niieieii. Oeene?oeoa yoi iieiaeaiea 1-2 ieioou, iinea /aai
i/aiue iaaeeaiii iiaeieiaeoa aieiao (oae, /oiau iia ia cae?oaeeeanue).

6. Caeieoanue eaeie-ieaoaeue aeayoaeueiinoueth – ana ?aaii eaeie:
ia/ieoa noe?aoue aaeuea, iuoue iinoaeo eee aeaeaoue oai?eo. Nae?ao yoiai
niiniaa i?ino: ethaay aeayoaeueiinoue, e iniaaiii oece/aneee o?oae, a
no?anniaie neooaoeee auiieiyao ?ieue a?iiiioaiaea – iiiiaaao ioaea/ueny
io aioo?aiiaai iai?yaeaiey.

7. Aeeth/eoa oniieaeaathuoth iocueo, oo, eioi?oth au ethaeoa.
Iinoa?aeoanue aneooaoueny a iaa, neiioeaio?e?iaaoueny ia iae (eieaeueiay
eiioeaio?aoeey). Iiiieoa, /oi eiioeaio?aoeey ia /ai-oi iaeiii
niinianoaoao iieiie ?aeaenaoeee, aucuaaao iieiaeeoaeueiua yiioeee.

8. Aicueieoa eaeueeoeyoi? eee aoiaao e ea?aiaeao e iinoa?aeoanue
iiaen/eoaoue, neieueei aeiae au aeeaaoa ia naaoa (/enei iieiuo eao
oiiiaeueoa ia 365, aeiaaaeyy ii iaeiiio aeith ia eaaeaeue aenieiniue
aiae, e i?eaaaueoa eiee/anoai aeiae, i?ioaaeoaa n iineaaeiaai aeiy
?iaeaeaiey). Oaeay ?aoeeiiaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue iicaieeo aai
ia?aeeth/eoue aai naia aieiaiea. Iinoa?aeoanue aniiiieoue eaeie-ieaoaeue
iniaaiii i?eia/aoaeueiue aeaiue aaoae aeecie. Aniiiieoa aai a
iaeue/aeoeo aeaoaeyo, ie/aai ia oioneay. Iii?iaoeoa iiaen/eoaoue, eaeei
ii n/aoo aue yoio aeaiue aaoae aeecie.

9. Iiaanaaeoeoa ia eaeoth-ieaoaeue ioaea/aiioth oaio n ethaui /aeiaaeii,
iaoiaeyueiny ?yaeii: ninaaeii, oiaa?euai ii ?aaioa. Anee aea ?yaeii
ieeiai iao, iicaiieoa ii oaeaoiio naiaio ae?oao eee iiae?oaa. Yoi naiaai
?iaea ioaeaeathuay aeayoaeueiinoue, eioi?ay inouanoaeyaony “caeanue e
nae/an” e i?ecaaia auoanieoue ec aaoaai niciaiey aioo?aiiee aeeaeia,
ianuuaiiue no?annii.

10. I?iaeaeaeoa ianeieueei i?ioeaino?anniauo aeuoaoaeueiuo oi?aaeiaiee.

Oaia?ue, acya naay a ?oee, au niieieii iiaeaoa i?iaeieaeeoue i?a?aaiioth
aeayoaeueiinoue.

3.3. Aooiaiaeec ee/iiai no?anna.

Oaia?ue ?anniio?ei, eae iiaeii iaia?oaeeoue e iauynieoue ?aaeoeee naiaai
i?aaiecia ia no?anniaua neooaoeee. Oi anoue eae iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue naie
ee/iue no?ann. Iiiyoue naith nianoaaiioth no?anniao neooaoeeth
/?acau/aeii aaaeii: ai-ia?auo, i?iyaeaiea no?anna o eaaeiaeai /aeiaaea
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii; ai-aoi?uo, o no?anna, eae i?aaeei, ia iiaeao auoue
aaeeinoaaiiie i?e/eiu – oaeeo i?e/ei anaaaea iiiaeanoai; a-o?aoueeo, au
niiaeaoa iaeoe iaeaieaa i?eaieaiue aeey naay auoiae ec nicaeaaoaeny
neooaoeee.

Iaeaieaa ii?aaaeaaoei naay iaoiaeii aooiaiaeeca ee/iiai no?anna yaeyaony
aeiaaiee no?annia. Iaoiae yoio ianeiaeiue, iaeiaei o?aaothuee oa?iaiey.
A oa/aiea ianeieueeeo iaaeaeue – ii aiciiaeiinoe aaeaaeiaaii –
iaiaoiaeeii aeaeaoue a aeiaaieea i?inoua iiiaoee: eiaaea e i?e eaeeo
ianoiyoaeuenoaao auee iaia?oaeaiu i?eciaee no?anna. Eo/oa caienuaaoue
naie iaaethaeaiey e iuouaiey aa/a?ii iinea ?aaiou eee ia?aae niii,
eiaaea eaa/a i?eiiiieoue iaeue/aeoea iiae?iaiinoe e aeaoaee. Anee a
eiioea aeiy iiiaoie ia naeaeaoue, oi ia neaaeothuee aeaiue, a aeeoaeneeo
caaioac e noaoa caaoaeaony, eiaaea e /oi i?iecioei.

Aiaeec caienae a aeiaaieea iiiiaaao i?inoi e auno?i ii?aaeaeyoue, eaeea
niauoey eee aeeciaiiua neooaoeee niinianoaotho aicieeiiaaieth no?anna.
Eiaiii ?aaoey?ii iiaoi?ythueany neooaoeee, iienaiiua a aeiaaieea, iiaoo
auoue i?e/eiie aicieeiiaaiey no?anna.

Iieacii caienuaaoue naie iuouaiey n?aco i?e ianooieaiee ino?iai no?anna,
/oiau iioii a niieieiii e o?aaiiaaoaiiii ninoiyiee i?iaiaeece?iaaoue
eo.

Anee iu i?ieenoaai nianoaaiiua caiene e iii?iaoai eo nenoaiaoece?iaaoue,
oi iaia?oaeei, /oi iaeioi?ua iniiaiua i?eciaee no?anna iiaoi?ythony:
?acae?aaeeoaeueiinoue, iaaiciiaeiinoue nin?aaeioi/eoueny, caaua/eainoue,
/anoua acaeioe, iuouaiea aaaathueo ii oaeo io?aoae, iuoa/iia
iai?yaeaiea, “iaoniieaeaathueany iiae”(ia neaeeony ia ianoa) iuouaiea
aioo?aiiae oyaeanoe, nooinoue ai ?oo, aaniieieiue nii, auno?ay
ooiieyaiinoue, iaiauynieiia /oanoai no?aoa, ieioia iano?iaiea, ninoiyiea
aeai?annee, /anoua aieiaiua aiee (iniaaiii a caouei/iie /anoe), aiee a
nonoaaao, ionoonoaea aiiaoeoa eee, iaiai?io, ia?aaaeaiea, caii?u,
o/auaiiia na?aeoeaaeaiea.

I?iaiaeece?iaaa caiene, iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue, a eaeia a?aiy aeiy /aua
anaai ianooiaao iaaeiiiaaiea, i?ienoiaeeo yoi ia ?aaioa eee aea ii
aica?auaiee aeiiie. N iiiiuueth aaaeaiey aeiaaieea no?annia iiaeii
auynieoue aeey naay, /oi iai iaoaao a aeecie, /oi aucuaaao iao ee/iue
no?ann.

No?anniaue noeeue aeecie

Eniuouaaao o?iie/aneee iaineaaaaathuee no?ann

Iiiaaeaao a iaeio eee ianeieueei iai?ae?auathueony no?anniauo neooaoeee

Oyaeaei i?aiaeieaaaao no?anniaua iaaeee/iua ioiioaiey ( iai?eia?,
o?oaeiinoe a naiuea, ineiaeiaiea ioiioaiee n noi?oaie, ainnii,
nio?oaeieeaie)

O/anoaoao a iaeioa?aniie, neo/iie, ?acae?aaeathuae eee eiui ia?acii
iai?eyoiie e iaaeaaiaea?iie ?aaioa

Eniuouaaao iinoiyiioth iaoaaoeo a?aiaie, neeoeii iiiai iaaei naeaeaoue
ca aeaiiue i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie

Aaniieieony ii iiaiaeo iioaioeeaeueii iai?eyoiuo ianooiathueo niauoee

Iaeaaeaao iaaoaiuie aeey caei?iauey i?eau/eaie ( iai?eia?, a ieoaiee,
eo?eo, auieaaao, eniuouaaao iaaeinoaoie oece/aneeo oi?aaeiaiee, a ieioie
oece/aneie oi?ia)

Iiaeiuai iaeiei aeaeii aeeciaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ( iai?eia?, ?aaioie,
iauanoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth, ca?aaaouaaieai aeaiaa, iaeeii/anoaii eee
oece/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth)

N/eoaao, /oi o?oaeii i?inoi oi?ioi i?iaanoe a?aiy, ?anneaaeoueny e
ianeaaeeoueny eaeie-ieaoaeue e?aoeia?aiaiiie ?aaioie

Aini?eieiaao ioiioaiey iaaeaeo iieaie eae iai?eyoiua, iaaeaaiaea?iua eee
iauanoaaiii “cai?ia?aiie?iaaiiua” (iai?eia?, iooai eio?ea, no?aieaiey
“caiaieoue”)

Aini?eieiaao aeeciue eae na?ueacioth o?oaeioth neooaoeeth; ionoonoaoao
/oanoai thii?a

Niaeaoaaony n auiieiaieai oaiaoathueo iaaeaaiaea?iuo nioeeaeueiuo ?ieae

Aini?eieiaao oyaeaeua eee no?anniaua neooaoeee ianneaii; no?aaeaao iie/a

Iano?anniaue noeeue aeecie

Aeiioneaao iaee/ea “oai?/aneiai” no?anna a ii?aaeaeaiiua ia?eiaeu
iai?yaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe

Eiaao “iooe nianaiey”, iicaieythuea oioy au a?aiaiii iono?aieoueny e
?anneaaeoueny

Ionoaeaaao nianoaaiiua i?aaa e iio?aaiinoe; onoaiaaeeaaao
ieceino?anniaua ioiioaiey acaeiiiai oaaaeaiey; ouaoaeueii auae?aao
ae?ocae e caaycuaaao acaeiiioiioaiey, eioi?ua yaeythony iaiae?ythueie e
niieieiuie

O/anoaoao a eioa?aniie, aeaaiaea?iie, noiyuae ?aaioa, eioi?ay
iaania/eaaao iiaeeeiiia aiciaa?aaeaeaiea

Nio?aiyao noeioee?othuoth ?aai/oth iaa?oceo, aaea ia?eiaeu ia?aa?ocee e
e?ecenia o?aaiiaaoeaathony ia?eiaeaie “ia?aaeuoee”

O?aaiiaaoeaaao iianiua niauoey iieaciuie oeaeyie e iieiaeeoaeueiuie
niauoeyie, e eioi?ui neaaeoao no?aieoueny

Nio?aiyao oi?iooth oece/aneoth oi?io, oi?ioi ieoaaony, i/aiue ?aaeei
oiio?aaeyao aeeiaieue e oaaae eee nianai ia oiio?aaeyao

Aeeaaeuaaao yia?aeth a ?acee/iua aeaeu aeayoaeueiinoe, /oi a oeaeii
i?eiineo /oanoai oaeiaeaoai?aiey( iai?eia?, a ?aaioo, iauanoaaiioth
aeayoaeueiinoue, ioaeuo, oaaeeiaiea, eoeueoo?iua ia?ii?eyoey, naiueth e
aeeceeo ciaeiiuo)

Iaoiaeeo oaeiaieuenoaea a i?inoie aeayoaeueiinoe, ia /oanoaoy
iaiaoiaeeiinoe ii?aaaeuaaoue iaea?aiiia iiaaaeaiea

Ianeaaeaeaaony iieiie e eeio/ae naenoaeueii aeeciueth, i?yii au?aaeay
naie “naenoaeueiue aiiaoeo”

Ianeaaeaeaaony aeeciueth a oeaeii; iiaeao niayoueny iaae niaie; eiaao
oi?ioi ?acaeoia /oanoai thii?a

I?iaiaeeo aeeciue, ioiineoaeueii naiaiaeioth io ?ieae; niiniaai
au?aaeaoue anoanoaaiiua iio?aaiinoe, aeaeaiey e /oanoaa aac ii?aaaeaiey

Yooaeoeaii ?ani?aaeaeyao a?aiy, ecaaaaao iai?yaeaiiuo neooaoeee

I?eeiaeaiea 2

Iio?aaiinoe a I?ioanneiiaeueiua

ie?oaeathuae n?aaea Ee/iua

Iiaaaeaiea Yooaeoeaiua
Ieieiaeueiue

(?aaeoeee ia iio?aaiinoe) ?aaeoeee
no?ann

Iaaaeaeaaoiua

neooaoeee

No?ann

Oeceieiae/aneea Ineoieiae/aneea

?aaeoeee ?aaeoeee

I?eeiaeaiea 4

Aeaiiue oano ia ioeaieo no?annionoie/eainoe aue ?ac?aaioai o/aiui
-ineoieiaii Iaaeeoeeineiai oeaio?a Oieaa?neoaoa Ainoiia. Iaiaoiaeeii
ioaaoeoue ia aii?inu, enoiaey ec oiai, ianeieueei /anoi yoe
ooaa?aeaeaiey aa?iu aeey Aan. Ioaa/aoue neaaeoao ia ana ioieou, aeaaea
anee aeaiiia ooaa?aeaeaiea e Aai aiiaua ia ioiineony.

Iiaeaa?aeaiu ee Au no?anno ?

1. Au aaeeoa, ii e?aeiae ia?a, iaeii ai?y/aa aethaei a aeaiue.

2. Au nieoa 7-8 /ania, ii e?aeiae ia?a, /aou?a ?aca a iaaeaeth.

3. Au iinoiyiii /oanoaoaoa ethaiaue ae?oaeo e ioaeaaoa naith ethaiaue
acaiai.

4. A i?aaeaeao 50 eeeiiao?ia o Aan anoue oioy au iaeei /aeiaae, ia
eioi?iai Au iiaeaoa iieiaeeoueny.

5. Au oi?aaeiyaoanue aei iioa oioy au aeaa ?aca a iaaeaeth.

6. Au aueo?eaaaoa iaiueoa iieiaeiu ia/ee neaa?ao a aeaiue.

7. Ca iaaeaeth Au iio?aaeyaoa ia aieueoa iyoe ?thiie aeeiaieueiuo
iaieoeia.

8. Aao aan niioaaonoaoao Aaoaio ?inoo.

9. Aao aeioiae iieiinoueth oaeiaeaoai?yao Aaoe iniiaiua iio?aaiinoe.

10. Aan iiaeaea?aeeaaao Aaoa aa?a.

11. Au ?aaoey?ii caieiaaoanue eeoaiie eee iauanoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoueth.

12. O Aan iiiai ae?ocae e ciaeiiuo.

13. O Aan anoue iaeei eee aeaa ae?oaa, eioi?ui Au iieiinoueth
aeiaa?yaoa.

14. Au caei?iau.

15. Au iiaeaoa ioe?uoi cayaeoue i naieo /oanoaao, eiaaea Au ceu eee
iaanii eiaiu /ai-eeai.

16. Au ?aaoey?ii ianoaeaeaaoa n ethaeueie, n eioi?uie aeeaaoa, Aaoe
aeiiaoiea i?iaeaiu.

17. Au aeaeaaoa /oi-oi oieueei ?aaee oooee oioy au ?ac a iaaeaeth.

18. Au iiaeaoa i?aaieciaaoue Aaoa a?aiy yooaeoeaii.

19. Ca aeaiue Au iio?aaeyaoa ia aieaa o?ao /aoae eioa, /ay eee ae?oaeo
niaea?aeaueo eioaei iaieoeia.

20. O Aan anoue iaiiiai a?aiaie aeey naay a oa/aiea eaaeaeiai aeiy.

I?aaeeaaathony neaaeothuea ioaaou n niioaaonoaaiiui eiee/anoaii i/eia:

– ii/oe anaaaea – 1;

– /anoi – 2;

– eiiaaea – 3;

– ii/oe ieeiaaea- 4;

– ieeiaaea – 5.

Oaia?ue neiaeeoa ?acoeueoaou Aaoeo ioaaoia e ec iieo/aiiiai /enea
ioieieoa 20 i/eia.

Anee Au iaa?aee iaiueoa 10 i/eia, oi Aan iiaeii ia?aaeiaaoue, a neo/aa
anee Au ioaa/aee aua e /anoii,- o Aan i?ae?aniay onoie/eainoue e
no?anniaui neooaoeeyi e aicaeaenoaeth no?anna ia i?aaieci, Aai ia i /ai
aaniieieoueny.

Anee Aaoa eoiaiaia /enei i?aauneei 30 i/eia, no?anniaua neooaoeee
ieacuaatho iaiaeia aeeyiea ia Aaoo aeeciue e Au ei ia i/aiue neeueii
nii?ioeaeyaoanue.

Anee Au iaa?aee aieaa 50 i/eia, Aai neaaeoao na?ueacii caaeoiaoueny i
Aaoae aeecie – ia ii?a ee aa eciaieoue. Au i/aiue oycaeiu aeey no?anna.

Acaeyieoa aua ?ac ia ooaa?aeaeaiey oanoa. Anee Aao ioaao ia eaeia-eeai
ooaa?aeaeaiea iieo/ee 3 i/ea e auoa, iinoa?aeoanue eciaieoue naia
iiaaaeaiea, niioaaonoaothuaa aeaiiiio ioieoo e Aaoa oycaeiinoue e
no?anno nieceony. Iai?eia?, anee Aaoa ioeaiea ca 19 ioieo – 4,
iii?iaoeoa ieoue oioy au ia iaeio /aoeo eioa a aeaiue iaiueoa, /ai
iau/ii.

Ia/ieoa i?eniao?eaaoueny e naaa aieiaoaeueiaa nae/an, a ia oiaaea,
eiaaea oaea aoaeao iicaeii.

Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u

1. I.Ianeii, I.Aeueaa?a, O. Oaaeio?e. Iniiau iaiaaeaeiaioa: ia?. n
aiae.

– I.: “Aeaei EOAe”, 1994. – 702 n.

2. No?ann aeecie: Nai?iee. / Ninoaaeoaee: E.I.Iiiiaa, E.A.Nieieia.
( I.A?aai?. Eae i?ioeainoiyoue no?anno.

A.Naeuea. No?ann aac aieaciae. )

– Nia, OII “Eaeea”, 1994. – 384 n.

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