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EO?NIAAss ?AAIOA

I?aaeiao: Ia?eaoeia

Oaia: Iieeoeea oeai.

Ieai

Aaaaeaiea.

Eaeea auaatho oeaiu.

Oeaiiaay iieeoeea a nenoaia ia?eaoeiaa.

Iaoiaeu onoaiiaeaiey oeaiu e neeaeee n i?aeneo?aioiuo e eiuo oeai.

Ie?iaay oeaia.

6. Eeoa?aoo?a.

Aaaaeaiea.

Aeaeiue aia?eeaineee o/aiue – ia?eaoieia i?ioanni? Oeeeeii Eioea?
aeaao neaaeothuaa ii?aaeaeaiea ia?eaoeiaa: «Ia?eaoeia aeae /aeiaa/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, iai?aaeaiiie ia oaeiaeaoai?aiea ioaeae e iio?aaiinoae
iin?aaenoaii iaiaia», oi anoue ia?eaoeia yoi i?ioeann ieaie?iaaiey e
oi?aaeaiey ?ac?aaioeie ecaeaeee e oneoa, oeaiiaie iieeoeeie,
i?iaeaeaeaieai oiaa?ia e iieoiaoaeyi e nauoii, /oiau aeinoeaiooia oaeei
ia?acii ?aciiia?acea aeaa i?eaiaeeei e oaeiaeaoai?aieth iio?aaiinoae,
eae ioaeaeueiuo ee/iinoae, oae e i?aaiecaoeee.

Eae aeaeii ec auoaeceiaeaiiiai, a oaniie acaeiinayce n ae?oaeie
ia?aiaiiuie ia?eaoeiaa iaoiaeeony oeaia. Oeaia – yoi aeaiaaeiia
au?aaeaiea noieiinoe oiaa?a, yeiiiie/aneay eaoaai?ey, neoaeauay aeey
einaaiiiai ecia?aiey aaee/eiu cao?a/aiiiai ia i?iecaiaenoai oiaa?a
iauanoaaiii iaiaoiaeeiiai ?aai/aai a?aiaie. Oeaiu /anoi iaiythony ia
i?ioyaeaiee aeeciaiiiai oeeeea oiaa?a – io aunieeo aeey i?eaea/aiey
iieoiaoaeae – iiaaoi?ia, i?eaioe?othueony ia i?anoeae, aei ieceeo,
i?eaioe?othueony ia ianniaue e ?uiie. O?iaaiue ianeoaeeaaiey
iio?aaeoaeae caaeneo io oeaiu. Ieceea oeaiu iau/ii naycuaathony n
iaaeinoaoi/iui na?aenii. A?oiiu oiaa?ia n ?acee/iuie oeaiaie i?eaeaeatho
?acee/iua naaiaiou ?uiea.

Oeaiu e oeaiiaay iieeoeea – iaeia ec aeaaiuo ninoaaeythueo
ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe, ?ieue eioi?ie ana aieaa aic?anoaao. A
caaeneiinoe io oeai ai iiiaii caaenyo aeinoeaiooua eiiia?/aneea
?acoeueoaou, a aa?iay eee ioeai/iay oeaiiaay iieeoeea ieacuaaao
aeieaia?aiaiiia (iieiaeeoaeueiia eee io?eoeaoaeueiia) aicaeaenoaea ia
anth aeayoaeueiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiii-nauoiaiai eiiieaena i?iiuoeaiiie
oe?iu. Aaaeaiea oeaiiaie iieeoeee, ?ac?aaioea oeaiiauo no?aoaaee, eo
i?aeoe/aneay ?aaeecaoeey – i?iaeaia in oieueei eneeth/eoaeueii neiaeiay,
ii e «oiieay». Aa ?aoaiea o?aaoao ioee/iiai ciaiey ianoaiiaee ia ?uiea,
aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee eeoe, i?eieiathueo ?aoaiey, oai?/aneiai iiaeoiaea,
eiooeoeee. Onoaiaaeeaay oeaiu, neaaeoao ia oieueei ciaoue eo ieaeiee e
aa?oiee i?aaeaeu, ca a?aieoeaie eioi?uo eo i?eiaiaiea yeiiiie/anee
iaii?aaaeaii eee ineoieiae/anee a?aaeii, ii e aeaei iaiaa?e?iaaoue
oeaiaie a yoeo i?aaeaeao, o/eouaay ana oaeoi?u, i?e/ai oae, /oiau a
eaaeaeue io?acie a?aiaie yoe oeaiu auee iioeiaeueiuie aeey i?iaeaaoea e
iio?aaeoaey.

2. Eaeea auaatho oeaiu.

A i?aeoeea oi?aiauo ioiioaiee eniieuecotho iiiaeanoai aeaeia oeai,
naycaiiuo n ?acee/iuie iniaaiiinoyie eoiee-i?iaeaaee. Aeey iaicia/aiey
yoeo oeai nouanoaotho niaoeeaeueiua i?eeaaaoaeueiua, oiio?aaeaiea
eioi?uo iaycaoaeueii.

Enoiaey ec eceiaeaiiiai, oeaia iiaeao auoue:

– aaceniay, eniieuecoaiay aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ni?oa eee ea/anoaa oiaa?a;
aa niaeanotho ia ia?aaiai?ao iaaeaeo i?iaeaaoeii e iieoiaoaeai; iia
neoaeeo enoiaeiie aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oeaiu oaeoe/anee iinoaaeaiiiai
oiaa?a, eiaaea naienoaa iineaaeiath ioee/athony io iaiai?aiiuo a
eiio?aeoa: i?e yoii a eiio?aeoa iaiaa?eaathony neeaeee e iaaeaaaee,
eioi?ua iiaoo oiaea caaenaoue e io eiiuthieoo?u ?uiea;

– eoiee/i?iaeaaee (eee oaeoo?iay), ii?aaeaeyaiay oneiaeyie iinoaaee,
iaoneiaeaiiuie a eiio?aeoa; aeey e?aoeinoe oaeoo?ioth oeaio niaaaeatho
aua iaeiei oeacaieai; «Neo», «Oia», «Oi?» e «O?aiea»;

– neo (noieiinoue, no?aoiaea, o?aoo – ii aiaeeenee) icia/aao, /oi
i?iaeaaaoe iaycai ca naie n/ao cao?aooiaaoue noaeii, iieaoeoue
noieiinoue ia?aaicee (o?aoo), iieaoeoue oaiiaeaiiua ?anoiaeu e no?aoiaeo
e acyoue ia naay ?ene aeaaee eee ii?/e oiaa?a aei oiai iiiaioa, eae a?oc
ia?ana/ao eeieth ai?oa noaeia i?e iia?ocea, a iieoiaoaeue aa?ao ia naay
?ene aeaaee eee ii?/e a?oca iinea ia?a/iy eeiee ai?oa;

– oia (naiaiaeai ia ai?oo – ii-aiaeeenee) icia/aao, /oi i?iaeaaaoe
iiea/eaaao ana o?ainii?oiua, no?aoiaua e oaiiaeaiiua ?anoiaeu aei
iiiaioa aeinoaaee a?oca ia ai?o noaeia, a iieoiaoaeue o?aoooao noaeii,
no?aooao a?oc e ianao ?ene aai aeaaee eee iia?aaeaeaiey;

– oi? – icia/aao oi aea naiia, /oi e «o?aiei-aaaii», oi anoue /oi
i?iaeaaaoe aeieaeai ca naie n/ao e ?ene ioi?aaeoue a?oc ia
aeaeaciiaei?iaeioth noaioeeth e iia?oceoue oiaa? a ae/ae aaaii, a ana
inoaeueiua ?anoiaeu ianao iieoiaoaeue;

– o?aiei – oneiaea i?iaeaaee, niaeanii eioi?iio i?iaeaaaoe iaycoaony
aeinoaaeoue oiaa? a ii?aaeaeaiiia ianoi ca naie n/ao e ?ene, i?e/ai a
oeaio aeeth/athony o?ainii?oiua, no?aoiaua e oaiiaeaiiua ?anoiaeu; iiaoo
auoue oneiaey «o?aiei-caaiae», «o?aiei-aaaii» e o.ae.

ie?iaay, ii?aaeaeyaiay a caaeneiinoe io aeaea oiaa?a: ii iaeiei oiaa?ai
(iau/ii nu?ueaaui) – o?iaiai oeai no?ai – yenii?oa?ia eee
no?ai-eiii?oa?ia; ii ae?oaei – oeaiaie ae?ae, aoeoeeiiia, a ii aioiaui
ecaeaeeyi – oeaiaie oiaa?ia aaaeoueo a ie?a oe?i, niaoeeaeece?othueony a
i?iecaiaenoaa e yenii?oa i?iaeoeoeee aeaiiiai aeaea; oeaiu yoe oaeaea
?aceeaathony a caaeneiinoe io oiai, iaiai?ai ee ieaoaae a naiaiaeii
eiiaa?oe?oaiie aaethoa eee iao.

– iiiiiieueiay, onoaiaaeeaaaiay iiiiiieeyie auoa eee ieaea oeaiu
i?iecaiaenoaa; iau/ii iiiiiieee onoaiaaeeaatho aiciiaeiinoue aieaa
aunieea oeaiu nauoa naieo oiaa?ia e aiciiaeii aieaa ieceea oeaiu ia
i?eia?aoaaiua o ae?oaeo oe?i oiaa?u;

– iiieiaeueiay, ioaeeeoaiay a i?aeneo?aioao, ni?aai/ieeao e ae?aeaauo
eioe?iaeao.

– iioiaay, ii eioi?ie iinoaaeyaony e?oiiuie ia?oeyie oiaa? (ieacuaathony
oneoae) i?e i?iaeaaea oi?aiaui e i?iiuoeaiiui i?aaei?eyoeyi; ioaeeeoaiua
a ?aciiai ?iaea enoi/ieeao naaaeaiey ia iioiauo oeaiao aeaeaei ia
anaaaea io?aaeatho enoeiiia iieiaeaiea aeae, o.e. yenii?oa?u
caeioa?aniaaiu iieacaoue aieaa aunieea, a eiii?oa?u – aieaa ieceea
oeaiu;

– i?aaeeiaeaiey – oeacaiiay a ioa?oa (ioeoeeaeueiii i?aaeeiaeaiee
i?iaeaaoea) aac neeaeie;

– i?iecaiaenoaa, ?aaiay ecaea?aeeai i?iecaiaenoaa iethn n?aaeiyy
i?eaueue ia aanue aaaine?iaaiiue eaieoae;

– ?icie/iay, ii eioi?ie i?iaeaaea aaaeaony ioaeaeueiui iieoiaoaeai
i/aiue iaeuie ia?oeyie (1-3 oo.): iniiaaia ia noiia ecaea?aeae
i?iecaiaenoa e ia?auaiey oiaa?ia iethn i?eaueue i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo e
nauoiauo i?aaiecaoeee, iethn (ii ia anaaaea onoaiaaeeaaaiue) iaeia n
iai?ioa;

– ?uii/iay, ii eioi?ie eaeao eoiey – i?iaeaaee ia aeaiiii ?uiea;

– neieuecyuay: eioi?ay onoaiaaeeaaaony aeiaiai?ii a caaeneiinoe io
iaeioi?uo oneiaee (ae?aeaaie eioe?iaee, eioeyoeee e o.ae.) ia
ii?aaeaeaiioth aeaoo (iai?eia?, iinoaaee oiaa?a iieoiaoaeth:
oaeoe/aneiai iieo/aiey oiaa?a e o.ae.); ia?aaeei yaeyaony ?uii/iie ia
aeaiioth aeaoo.

– ni?aai/iay (iniaua aeaeu iiieiaeueiay, i?aeneo?aioiay) iau/ii
io?aaeaao o?iaaiue oaeoe/anee caeeth/aiiuo naeaeie ca iaeioi?ue i?ioeue
ia?eiae e eniieuecoaony a ia?aaiai?ao aeey onoaiiaeaiey enoiaeiie oeaiu;

– ni?ina, eioi?ay neeaaeuaaaony ia ?uiea iieoiaoaey.

– oaa?aeay, eioi?ay onoaiaaeeaaaony a aeiaiai?a eoiee – i?iaeaaee e ia
iiaeeaaeeo eciaiaieth.

3. Oeaiiaay iieeoeea a nenoaia ia?eaoeiaa.

Nooue oeaeaiai?aaeaiiie oeaiiaie iieeoeee a ia?eaoeiaa caeeth/aaony
a oii, /oiau onoaiaaeeaaoue ia oiaa?u oe?iu oaeea oeaiu e oae
aa?uee?iaaoue eie a caaeneiinoe io iieiaeaiey ia ?uiea, /oiau iaeaaeaoue
aai ii?aaeaeaiiie aeieae, iaania/eoue iaia/aiiue iauai i?eauee e ?aoaoue
ae?oaea no?aoaae/aneea e iia?aoeaiua caaea/e. Onoaiiaeoue a
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie oi?aiaea oeaio oiaa?a neiaeii iioiio, /oi iia –
aaee/eia i?eioeeieaeueii iaonoie/eaay. Ia iaa aeeytho: oeeee, a eioi?ii
iaoiaeeony ie?iaay yeiiiieea; eiiuthieoo?a ?uiea; eiieo?aiou;
iin?aaeieee e iieoiaoaee; ia?aiaiiua eo?nu iaiaia aaetho. Iiyoiio oe?iu
n/eoatho, /oi aeey oniaoa ia aiaoiai ?uiea iaiaoiaeeii ?ac?aaioaoue
oeaiiaoth iieeoeeo e iinoiyiii i?iaa?youe aa yooaeoeaiinoue, eciaiyy aa
ii ia?a iaiaoiaeeiinoe. I?e ?ac?aaioea oeaiiaie iieeoeee i?eieiatho ai
aieiaiea neaaeothuea iiiaiou:

1. Eaeia ianoi caieiaao oeaia n?aaee n?aaenoa eiieo?aioiie ai?ueau ia
eaaeaeii ?uiea, ia eioi?uo aeaenoaoao oe?iu?

2. Eaeie iaoiae ?an/aoa oeaiu aeieaeai auoue aua?ai?

3. Iiaeao ee auaea?aeaoue oe?ia ?ieue «oeaiiaiai eeaea?a» eee aeieaeia
neaaeiaaoue ca ae?oaei «eeaea?ii», oi anoue auaea?aeeo ee oe?ia
«oeaiiaoth aieio»?

• Eaeie aeieaeia auoue oeaiiaay iieeoeea a ioiioaiee iiauo oiaa?ia?

• Eae aeieaeia eciaieoueny oeaia a caaeneiinoe io aeeciaiiiai oeeeea
oiaa?a?

• Aeieaeia ee auoue aaeeiay aaceniay oeaia aeey anao no?ai, n eioi?uie
aaaeaony oi?aiaey, eee aiciiaeiu ?aciua aaceniua oeaiu?

• Nouanoaotho ee i?aaiu, n eioi?uie neaaeoao eiinoeueoe?iaaoueny a
no?aiao oe?i – eiii?oa?ia ia?aae onoaiiaeaieai oeaiu?

• Nouanoaotho ee a no?aia oe?iu-eiii?oa?a ia?aie/aiea ia o?iaaiue oeai?

Ii noaiaie aeeyiey ?acee/iuo oaeoi?ia ia o?iaaiue onoaiaaeeaaaiie oeaiu
eiino?aiiua oe?iu ?aniieaaatho eo neaaeothuei ia?acii: ecaea?aeee
i?iecaiaenoaa oeaiu eiieo?aioia – yenii?oa?ia a aeaiioth no?aio; oeaiu
ianoiuo oe?i – eiieo?aioia; aaee/eia ni?ina; o?ainii?oiua ecaea?aeee;
iaaeaaaee e neeaeee a iieueco iin?aaeieea; aaiaeiua iioeeiu e eiua
nai?u; ?aeeaia e ae?oaea yeaiaiou noeioee?iaaiey nauoa.

I?aaeaea /ai ?ac?aaioaoue no?aoaaeth oi?ie?iaaiey oeaiu,
oe?ia-yenii?oa? aeieaeia i?iaiaeece?iaaoue ana aiaoiea oaeoi?u,
aeeythuea ia ?aoaiea. ?aoaiey ii oeaiai, oae aea eae e ii
oiaa?iaeaeaeaieth, cia/eoaeueii caaenyo io yeaiaioia, aiaoieo aeey
oe?iu. A yoii eo ioee/ey, iai?eia?, io ?aoaiee ii i?iaeoeoai e
i?iaeaeaeaieth, eioi?ua a aieueoae noaiaie eiio?iee?othony oe?iie.

Nouanoaotho iyoue yoaiia ?ac?aaioee oeaiiaie no?aoaaee – yoi
oi?ioee?iaaiea oeaeae oeaiiia?aciaaiey, iauay iieeoeea oeaiiia?aciaaiey,
iaiin?aaenoaaiii oeaiiaay no?aoaaey, ?aaeecaoeey iaiiaie no?aoaaee,
i?eniiniaeaiea oeai.

Oeaee oeaiiia?aciaaiey. No?aoaaey oeaiiia?aciaaiey aeieaeia auoue
oaycaia n iaueie oeaeyie oe?iu e io?aaeaoue eo. Nouanoaotho iniiaiua
oeaee oeaiiia?aciaaiey, ec eioi?uo iiaeao auae?aoue oe?ia; iie iniiaaiu
ia nauoa, ia i?eaueyo e ia nouanoaothuai iieiaeaiee. A ia?aii neo/aa
i?aaei?eyoea caeioa?aniaaii a ?inoa yenii?oa eee iaeneiecaoeee aeiee ia
?uiea, ai aoi?ii – a iaeneiecaoeee i?eauee, a o?aoueai — iaeo?aeeciaaoue
aeaenoaey eiieo?aioia, oiaiueoeoue cai?inu iinoaaueeia eee
noaaeeece?iaaoue oeaiu.

A ia?aii neo/aa i?aaei?eyoea auae?aao oaeaea oeaee ii iaeiie ec
neaaeothueo i?e/ei:

iii caeioa?aniaaii a ianuuaiee ?uiea eee ?inoa nauoa eae aaaeiii
oaaa ia iooe e eiio?ieth iaae ?uieaie e noaaeeueiuie iinooieaieyie
aaethou,

i?aaei?eyoea no?aieoueny iaeneiece?iaaoue iauai nauoa e aioiai iaeoe
ia nieaeaiea aeioiaea n aaeeieoeu ecaeaeey aeey iieo/aiey aieueoie
i?eauee (aaethoiuo iinooieaiee);

iii i?aaeiieaaaao, /oi aieueoie iauai nauoa iicaieeo nieaeaoue
?acia? ioiineoaeueiuo ecaea?aeae. Ai aoi?ii neo/aa i?aaei?eyoea
onoaiaaeeaaao a ea/anoaa oeaee iieo/aiey aunieie iannu i?eauee,
onoaiaaeeaay noaaeeueiue aa ?acia? a oa/aiea ?yaea eao. I?eaueue iiaeao
au?aaeaoueny a ioiineoaeueiii eee aaniethoiii ecia?aiee. Aunieea
ioiineoaeueiua i?eauee iau/ii iie?athony ia i?anoeaeiua oeaiu, a aunieee
iauee aeioiae iau/ii naycai n oeaiaie i?iieeiiaaiey.

Iauay iieeoeea oeaiiia?aciaaiey. A ?aieao oaeie iieeoeee ?aoaiey ii
oeaiai oaycuaathony n oeaeaaui ?uieii (?uieaie) oe?iu, oa?aeoa?ii e
no?oeoo?ie ia?eaoeiaa. Iia i?aaeoniao?eaaao neii?aeeie?iaaiioth
niaieoiiinoue aeaenoaee e no?aoaaeth, aeeth/athuoth e?aoei – e
aeieain?i/iua oeaee. I?e ii?aaeaeaiee iauae oeaiiaie iieeoeee
ioaeaeueiua ?aoaiey (acaeiinaycue oeai ia oiaa?u a ?aieao anni?oeiaioa,
eniieueciaaiea niaoeeaeueiuo neeaeie e eciaiaiee oeai, niioiioaiee naieo
e oeai eiieo?aioia, iaoiae oi?ie?iaaiey oeai ia iiaua oiaa?u)
oaycuaathony a eioaa?e?iaaiioth nenoaio. Eae ioia/ae iaeei aia?eeaineee
yenia?o, aiciiaeiinoe no?aoaaee oeaiiia?aciaaiey oe?iu ii?aaeaeytho
neaaeothuea iyoue oaeoi?ia: ?aaeueiua ecaea?aeee e i?eauee, oeaiiinoue
aeey iio?aaeoaey a n?aaiaiee n i?aaeeiaeaieyie eiieo?aioia, ?acee/ey
iaaeaeo naaiaioaie ?uiea eee oaeoi?aie ni?ina iio?aaeoaeae, aiciiaeiua
?aaeoeee eiieo?aioia e ia?eaoeiaiaua oeaee oe?iu.

Oeaiiaay no?aoaaey aace?oaony ia ecaea?aeeao, ni?ina eee
eiieo?aioeee. A ia?aii neo/aa oeaiu ii?aaeaeythony enoiaey ec ecaea?aeae
i?iecaiaenoaa, noieiinoe ianeoaeeaaiey e iaeeaaeiuo ?anoiaeia, e eioi?ui
aeiaaaeyaony ?an/aoiay i?eaueue. Ai aoi?ii neo/aa oeaia ii?aaeaeyaony
iinea eco/aiey ni?ina iio?aaeoaeae e onoaiiaeaiey oeai, i?eaieaiuo aeey
oeaeaaiai ?uiea. Oaeie aeae no?aoaaee eniieuecoaony ii oiaa?ai, aeey
eioi?uo oeaia – eeth/aaie oaeoi? a i?eiyoee ?aoaiee iio?aaeoaeyie. A
o?aoueai neo/aa iiaoo auoue ia o?iaia ?uii/iuo, auoa e ieaea eo. Oaeie
oei oeaiiia?aciaaiey ?ani?ino?aiai i?e eiieo?aioeee aiaeiae/iuo aeaeia
i?iaeoeoeee. Ana o?e iiaeoiaea iaoiaeyony ai acaeiinayce e
acaeiiaeaenoaee.

?aaeecaoeey oeaiiaie no?aoaaee. I?e aa ?aaeecaoeee iiieii iaueo
eiioeaioeee, ?anniio?aiiuo auoa eniieuecoaony aieueoia eiee/anoai
?acee/iuo ?aoaiee, naycaiiuo iaaeaeo niaie. A eo /enea iiieii eiuo
aoiaeyo neaaeothuea:

– onoaiiaeaiea noaiaea?oiuo e iaiythueony oeai;

– eniieueciaaiea aaeeiuo e aeaeeo oeai;

– i?eiaiaiea eiioeaioeee acaeiinayce oeaiu e ea/anoaa;

– eniieueciaaiea eiioeaioeee oeaiiaiai eeaea?noaa;

– onoaiiaeaiea oeai ia ianniaua caeoiee;

– eniieueciaaiea i?aeoeee oeaiiauo eeiee.

Noaiaea?oiua oeaiu onoaiaaeeaathony ia n?aaieoaeueii aeeeoaeueiue
ia?eiae a?aiaie. Aianoi ia?aniio?a oeai i?e oaaee/aiee ecaea?aeae
i?iecaiaenoaa oe?iu iiaoo oiaiueoeoue ?acia? oiaeiaee, aan oiaa?a. I?e
ia?aiaiiii oeaiiia?aciaaiee oe?ia niaoeeaeueii iaiyao oeaiu, /oiau
n?aaae?iaaoue ia eciaiaiea a ecaea?aeeao eee ni?ina iio?aaeoaeae.
Aiciiaeii ni/aoaiea noaiaea?oiuo e iaiythueony oeai.

A ?aieao nenoaiu aaeeiuo oeai onoaiaaeeaaao aaeeioth oeaio aeey anao
iio?aaeoaeae, eioi?ua oioaee au i?eia?anoe oiaa? (oneoao) i?e
aiaeiae/iuo oneiaeyo. Oaeay iieeoeea oe?aieyao aeiaa?ea iio?aaeoaeae, aa
eaaei inouanoaeyoue, i?e iae ia iaaei oi?aiaaoueny. Aeaeia
oeaiiia?aciaaiea iicaieyao iaiyoue oeaiu a caaeneiinoe io niiniaiinoe
iio?aaeoaeae oi?aiaaoueny eee eo iieoiaoaeueiie neeu.

Naycue oeaiu e ea/anoaa – yoi eiioeaioeey, o/eouaathuay iiaiea
iio?aaeoaeae i oii, /oi aunieea oeaiu icia/atho aunieia ea/anoai, a
ieceea – ieceia ea/anoai. I?e onoaiiaeaiee oeai yoi iniaaiii aaaeii aeey
neooaoeee, eiaaea i ea/anoaa iiaeii noaeeoue oieueei ii oeaia. Aaaeii,
iaeiaei , /oiau oeaiu aeieaeiui ia?acii io?aaeaee ea/anoai e ia?ac,
eioi?ue oe?ia oi/ao nicaeaoue aeey naiae i?iaeoeoeee. A neo/aa
i?anoeaeiuo oeai, iniiaaiiuo ia yoie eiioeaioeee, i?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi
iio?aaeoaee ia i?eia?aoatho oiaa?u (oneoae) ii oeaiai, eioi?ua
n/eoathony neeoeii ieceeie. I?e oeaiiaii eeaea?noaa oe?ia ?aeeaie?oao e
i?iaeaao eeth/aaoth i?iaeoeoeeth ec naiaai oiaa?iiai anni?oeiaioa ii
oeaia, iaania/eaathuae aeieai i?eauee ieaea iau/iie. Yoei
i?iecaiaeeoaeue no?aieoueny iiauneoue eioa?an iio?aaeoaeae ei anae
anni?oeiaioiie a?oiia.

Onoaiiaeaiea oeai ia ianniaua caeoiee i?aaenoaaeyao niaie i?aeoeeo,
i?e eioi?ie oe?ia i?aaeeaaaao iio?aaeoaeyi neeaeee ca iieoiee a aieueoeo
eiee/anoaao, /oiau oaaee/eoue iauai ?aaeecaoeee.

Oeaiiaua eeiee naycaiu n i?iaeaaeae i?iaeoeoeee a aeeaiaciia oeai,
aaea eaaeaeay oeaia io?aaeaao ii?aaeaeaiiue o?iaaiue ea/anoaa. Aianoi
onoaiiaeaiey iaeiie oeaiu aeey ioaeaeueiie iiaeaee oiaa?a oe?ia i?iaeaao
aeaa eee aieaa iiaeaee (n ?acee/iuie o?iaiyie ea/anoaa) ii ?acee/iui
oeaiai.

I?eniiniaeaiea oeaiu. I?aeoe/aneay ?aaeecaoeey oeaiiaie no?aoaaee
o?aaoao nenoaiaoe/aneie «iano?ieee» oeai, o/eouaathuae eciaiaiea a
ecaea?aeeao, niioiioaiee ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey, eiieo?aioeee,
oaiiaeaiiii ?aaoee?iaaiee e o.ae. I?eniiniaeaiea oeai i?ienoiaeeo /a?ac
iin?aaenoai eciaiaiee a i?aeneo?aioao, iaiai?ie, iaoeaiie, iaaeaaaie,
neeaeie, eiiiainaoeee. Aaaeii, iaeiaei, /oiau oeaia eniieueciaaeanue eae
aaeaioeaiue iaoaieci.

A caaa?oaiea aua ?ac iiae/a?eiai, /oi aaaeaiea oeaiiaie iieeoeee,
?ac?aaioea oeaiiauo no?aoaaee, eo i?aeoe/aneay ?aaeecaoeey – i?iaeaia ia
oieueei eneeth/eoaeueii neiaeiay, ii e «oiieay». Aa ?aoaiea o?aaoao
ioee/iiai ciaiey ianoaiiaee ia ?uiea, aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee eeoe,
i?eieiathueo ?aoaiey, oai?/aneiai iiaeoiaea, eiooeoeee. Onoaiaaeeaay
oeaiu, neaaeoao ia oieueei ciaoue eo ieaeiee e aa?oiee i?aaeaeu, ca
a?aieoeaie eioi?uo eo i?eiaiaiea yeiiiie/anee iaii?aaaeaiii eee
ineoieiae/anee a?aaeii, ii e aeaei iaiaa?e?iaaoue oeaiaie a yoeo
i?aaeaeao, o/eouaay ana oaeoi?u, i?e/ai oae, /oiau a eaaeaeue io?acie
a?aiaie yoe oeaiu auee iioeiaeueiuie aeey i?iaeaaoea e iio?aaeoaey.
?anoouaa /enei oe?i i?e ?an/aoa oeaiu e aa onoaiiaeaiee ia/eiatho
enoiaeeo io iuouaaiie iio?aaeoaeyie oeaiiinoe naieo oiaa?ia. Iniiaiui
oaeoi?ii oeaiiia?aciaaiey iie n/eoatho ia naie ecaea?aeee, a
iieoiaoaeueneia aini?eyoea oiaa?a e aai i?iecaiaeeoaey. Aeey
oi?ie?iaaiey a niciaiee iio?aaeoaeae i?aaenoaaeaiea i oeaiiinoe oiaa?a
iie eniieuecotho a naieo eiiieaenao ia?eaoeiaa iaoeaiiaua i?eaiu. Oeaia
a yoii neo/aa i?ecaaia niioaaonoaiaaoue iuouaaiie oeaiiinoiie cia/eiinoe
oiaa?a.

Iaoiaeu onoaiiaeaiey oeaiu e neeaeee n i?aeneo?aioiuo e eiuo oeai.

Ca iniiao ?an/aoa aiaoiaoi?aiaie oeaiu ia iaoeiu e iai?oaeiaaiea
?aeiiaiaeoaony a?aoue a ea/anoaa aaceniie oeaiu aeaiiua nianoaaiiuo
eiio?aeoia ( e eiio?aeoia ae?oaeo oe?i) ia aiaeiae/iua oiaa?u;
i?aaeeiaeaiey eiino?aiiuo oe?i ia iinoaaee iiaeiaiuo oiaa?ia (ia
caauaay, /oi iau/ii yoe oeaiu caauoaiu); ni?aai/iua oeaiu.

O/eouaaaony, aeaeaa, ?acieoea a eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iaoaai oiaa?a e
oiaa?ia, n oeaiaie ia eioi?ua iu aaaeai n?aaiaiea e aeaeathony iii?aaee
e aaceniie oeaia.

Iniiaiua eaoaai?ee iii?aaie oaeiau: ia ?acee/ea a eiiieaeoaoeee
n?aaieaaaiuo oiaa?ia; ia ?acieoeo a iniiaiuo oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo
iieacaoaeyo (iiuiinoue, i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue, nei?inoue,
a?ociiiaeuaiiinoue, /enei iai?ioia e o.ae.); ia ?acee/ea a eiiia?/aneeo
e eiuo oneiaeyo naeaeee (n?iee e oneiaey iinoaaee, oneiaea ?an/aoia,
iauai naeaeee e o.ae.).

?aeiiaiaeoaony ca aaco ?an/aoa i?eieiaoue oeaiu oaeeo eiio?aeoia,
i?aaeeiaeaiee e o.i., /oiau /enei aaiaeeiuo iii?aaie auei ieieiaeueiui,
a iieo/aiiay a eoiaa oeaia ioee/aeanue io enoiaeiie aieaa /ai ia ± 25 %.
E?iia oiai, iaaei o/eouaaoue i?eiyooth iaaeaeoia?iaeioth i?aeoeeo
eciaiaiey oeaiu iai?oaeiaaiey a caaeneiinoe io iiuiinoe eee
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ii oi?ioea:

C1/C2 = (P1/P2)n

aaea C oeaiu; ? – iiuiinoue eee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue niioaaonoaothuaai
iai?oaeiaaiey; n – iieacaoaeue noaiaie, o/eouaathuee caaeneiinoue oeaiu
io iiuiinoe eee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe. Iieacaoaee yoe ia?eiaee/anee
ioaeeeothony a oaeeo eiino?aiiuo aeo?iaeao, eae «Cost Enginee ring»,
«Chemical Age», «Power u Gas» e ae?.

A ea/anoaa eeethno?aoeee aieueoiai ?aciiia?acey eiyooeoeeaioa e
aeaaea aeey iaeiioeiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey iiaeii i?eaanoe aeaiiua ii
eaioi/iui o?ainii?oa?ai: i?e oe?eia eaiou L = 304 ii eiyooeoeeaio n –
0,80; i?e L = 457 i , n = 0,85; i?e L = 609 ii, n = 0,90.

I?e ?an/aoa ii o?iaith eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe oeaio iaoaai oiaa?a
iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue ii oi?ioea

LgB 1-F1

P1 = Po(Itn – 1 – 1yn );

FlgQ A1

Aaea P1 e Pi- i?iaeaaeiua oeaiu iaoaai oiaa?a e aaceniiai;

Itn e I yn – a?oiiiaie ia?aiao?e/aneee iieacaoaeue ii oaoie/aneei
ia?aiao?ai e yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe;

(aaea Itn = gi x ai : gi —aaeeie/iue ia?aiao?e/aneee iieacaoaeue ii

i-io ia?aiao?o; ai – aan i-ai ia?aiao?a; n – /enei ia?aiao?ia,
iiaeeaaeaueo ?anniio?aieth.

Aaeeie/iue ia?aiao?e/aneee iieacaoaeue g ii?aaeaeyaony:

P

g = ———

P 100

aaea ? — aaee/eia ia?aiao?a ?aaeueiiai ecaeaeey;

? 100 – aaee/eia ia?aiao?a aeiioaoe/aneiai ecaeaeey, oaeiaeaoai?ythuaai
iio?aaiinoue ia 100 %.

Iai?eia?: anee iio?aaeoaeue ioaeaeaaony a o?aeoi?a iiuiinoueth 75
eAo, a ?anniao?eaaaiay iaoeia eiaao iiuiinoue 70 eAo, oi aaeeie/iue
ia?aiao?e/aneee iieacaoaeue ii iiuiinoe ?aaai 70/75 0,93.

F1 – eiyooeoeeaio aeieaaiai o/anoey aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey i?iaeaaeiie
oeaiu ecaeaeey: A – aeiey (ii noieiinoe) ?uiea aaceniiai oiaa?a:

Q – iieacaoaeue, io?aaeathuee niioiioaiea iaaeaeo ni?inii e
i?aaeeiaeaieai ia ?anniao?eaaaiue aaceniue oiaa?, a oaeaea iieacaoaeue
i?anoeaea oe?iu, aai i?iecaiaeyuae.

Iii?aaee e ?an/aoiie (i?iaeaaeiie) oeaia io?aaeatho, eae auei
neacaii, ?acee/iua eiiia?/aneea e eiua oneiaey naeaeee. A /anoiinoe,
o/eouaaaony aaainiaua ieaoaaee, ?ann?i/ea e ieaoaae iaee/iuie. I?e
aaaina iieoiaoaeue e?aaeeooao iinoaaueea e ecuiaao ec naiaai iai?ioa
ia?aaeei cia/eoaeueioth noio aeaiaa eee caieiaao eo a aaiea, ca /oi
auiea/eaaao i?ioeaiou. I?e ?ann?i/ea ieaoaaea i?iaeaaaoe e?aaeeooao
iieoiaoaey. A eoiaa aaain aaaeao e nieaeaieth i?iaeaaeiie oeaiu, a
?ann?i/ea – e iiauoaieth ioiineoaeueii oieaou iaee/iuie.

I?inoaeoay oi?ioea, ii eioi?ie ?ann/eouaaaony aaee/eia eciaiaiey
oeaiu E, oaeiaa:

K = 0,00083 N { (ai ti) } % ;

Aaea N- n?aaeiee aaieianeee i?ioeaio i?e e?aaeeoiaaiee yenii?oiuo eee
eiii?oiuo iia?aoeee (aeey aeaiiie no?aiu e ia aeaiiue io?acie a?aiaie) ,
ai – ?acia? niioaaonoaothuaai ieaoaaea; ti – n?ie iaaeaeo aianaieai
aaaina e iieo/aieai caeaca (eee iaaeaeo iieo/aieai caeaca e a?aiaiai
oieaou aciina ii ?ann?i/ea); i – iiia?a /anoae aaaina eee aciina ii
?ann?i/ea.

Iai?eia?, anee a eiio?aeoa iaiai?aii, /oi iai?oaeiaaiea iinoaaeyaony
/a?ac 36 ianyoeaa iinea caeeth/aiey eiio?aeoa, a aaainiaua ieaoaaee
aiinyony ia?aue ?ac – 20 % noieiinoe caeaca i?e iiaeienaiee, aoi?ie ?ac
– 25 % nionoy 12 ianyoeaa e o?aoee ?ac – 30 % nionoy 24 ianyoea iinea
iiaeienaiey, oi oiaiueoathuay iii?aaea i?e n?aaeiai aaieianeii
i?ioeaioa, ?aaiii 12, ninoaaeyao :

E – 0,00083 o 12 o { (20 o 36)+(25 o 24)+(30o12)} – 16,7 %

Aeey auno?ie i?eeeaeee i?aaeeueiinoe ?an/aoa oeaiu eiiaaea
eniieuecotho oaeaeueiua oeaiu – n?aaeiea ia aaeeieoeo iiuiinoe,
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, iannu (aana) eee eiiai ia?aiao?a, n/eoathuaainy
aeaaiui aeey aeaiiiai oiaa?a. Neaaeoao o/eouaaoue, /oi oaeie iaoiae
ioeaiee iiaeao i?eaanoe e a?oaui ioeaeai; anee ia i?eieiaoue ai aieiaiea
nia?aiaiiua oaiaeaioeee iaoeiino?iaiey.

Aianoa n oai, iai?eia?, i?e ioeaiea i?eaioe?iai/iie oeaiu noaeia
iiaeii oaeaeueioth oeaio iannu ei?iona e oaeaeueioth oeaio iiuiinoe
aeaaiiai aeaeaaoaey (noaea, anoanoaaiii, aeieaeii auoue iaeiiai oeia),
oiiiaeea ia niioaaonoaothuea aaniethoiua aaee/eiu, neiaeeoue, iieo/ea

P = P1M + P2N.

Aaea ?1I – oaeaeueiay oeaia e iieiay ianna ei?iona n iai?oaeiaaieai,
a ?2N-oaeaeueiay oeaia e iiuiinoue aeaaiiai aeaeaaoaey. *oi eanaaony
i?aeoeee neeaeie n i?aeneo?aioiuo e eiuo oeai, oi ei?ioei iia ninoieo a
neaaeothuai:

Iaeiie ec aaaeiaeoeo yaeyaony neeaeea ia eiee/anoai ecaeaeee a
caeaciie ia?oee. Aa ?acia? eieaaeaony aanueia neeueii e iiaeao
ninoaaeyoue anaai 1 % i?e caeaca aianoi iaeiie oo?aeiu iiuiinoueth 365
IAO aeaoo e 30 %, eiaaea iioiaue iieoiaoaeue aa?ao aianoi iaeiiai
yeaeo?iiioi?a 10 oun.oo.

Aiioniua neeaeee i?aaeinoaaeytho iinoiyiiui iieoiaoaeyi, anee iie ca
ii?aaeaeaiiue ia?eiae i?eia?aoatho iaoneiaeaiiia eiee/anoai oiaa?a.
Iau/iue ?acia? oaeeo neeaeie 5-8%.

Aeeea?neea neeaeee iie?uaatho nianoaaiiua ?anoiaeu aeeea?a ia
i?iaeaaeo e na?aen, a oaeaea iaania/eaatho aio iaoneiaeaiioth i?eaueue.

Niaoeeaeueiua neeaeee aeaeathony aeey eo iieoiaoaeae a eioi?uo oe?ia
iniaaiii caeioa?aniaaia: eae i?aaeei, yoi e?oiiua iioiaeee eee oe?iu, o
eioi?uo n i?iaeaaoeii nouanoaotho iniaua aeiaa?eoaeueiua ioiioaiey.
Neeaeee yoe iau/ii i?aaeiao eiiia?/aneie oaeiu. I?aaeiieaaatho, /oi iie
iiaoo aeioiaeeoue aei 8 %.

Iaeiaei nouanoaoao aeae niaoeeaeueiuo neeaeie, ia i?aaenoaaeythuee
oaeiu, – neeaeea ia aaoiiiiioth iinoaaeo iai?oaeiaaiey aeey eiiieaenia.
A yoii neo/aa oe?ia – ecaioiaeoaeue i?iaeaao oe?ia – iin?aaeieeo
“?innuiueth” ?acee/iua yeaiaiou nenoaiu, aeaeay neeaeee aei 30 %, a
iin?aaeiee eiiieaeooao e iinoaaeyao iieoiaoaeth oa eee eiua
“eiioeao?aoeee” yoie nenoaiu.

5. Ie?iaay oeaia

Ie?iaay oeaia oiaa?a – yoi N?aaeiaacaaoaiiue o?iaaiue oeai, ii
eioi?ui aeaiiue oiaa? ?aaeecoaony ia ie?iaii ?uiea ia iauai?eiyouo
oneiaeyo ieaoaaea e iinoaaee a oneiaeyo eiie?aoii neeaaeuaathuaeny
eiiuthieoo?u ie?iaiai oiaa?iiai ?uiea. Ie?iaay oeaia oa?aeoa?ecoaony
neaaeothueie aeaaiuie i?eciaeaie:

– oeaiie, ii eioi?ie inouanoaeythony e?oiiua yenii?oiua e eiii?oiua
naeaeee ia oneiaeyo, iau/iuo aeey aieueoeinoaa oiaa?iuo ?uieia;

– oeaiie, eniieuecoaiie a ?aaoey?iuo naeaeeao e aaaeiaeoeo ?uieao;

– oeaiie oiaa?ia a oaeeo naeaeeao, ieaoaaee ii eioi?ui aaaeoony a
naiaiaeii eiiaa?oe?oaiie aaethoa. Oaeei ia?acii, ie?iaay oeaia aeieaeia
auoue aeinoaoi/ii i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie, aeaaiue aea e?eoa?ee
i?aaenoaaeoaeueiinoe oeaiu – i?ioeaio ioaaouaaaiiai aai ie?iaiai
yenii?oa niioaaonoaothuaai oiaa?a. Ia i?aeoeea a ea/anoaa ie?iauo oeai
iau/ii n/eoatho e eniieuecotho yenii?oiua e eiii?oiua oeaiu iniiaiuo
iinoaaueeia eee iieoiaoaeae oiaa?a. Aeey ianniauo oiaa?ia, e /eneo
eioi?uo ioiinyony aeaaiui ia?acii nu?ueaaua oiaa?u, ie?iauie oeaiaie
iiaoo aunooiaoue oeaiu iniiaiuo oeaio?ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie oi?aiaee –
ae?ae, aoeoeeiiia e o.ae.

Iaoiaeaeaiea i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo e aeinooiiuo eae aeey iieoiaoaeae,
aae e i?iaeaaoeia oeai – iaiaoiaeeiay i?aaeiinueea eiiia?/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe ia aiaoiai ?uiea. Eioi?iaoeeiiiue iannea aeaiiuo ii
ie?iaui oeaiai ninoaaeytho neaaeothuea aeaeu oeai (ioaeeeoaiua eee
iieo/aaiua ii cai?inai): ni?aai/iua, ae?aeaaua, aoeoeeiiiua, oeaiu
oi?aia, eaoaeiaia e i?iniaeoia, ?an/aoiua oeaiu, oeaiu i?aaeeiaeaiee,
i?aeneo?aioia, oeaiu oaeoe/aneeo naeaeie.

?uiie aieueoae /anoe nu?ueaauo oiaa?ia ioaaouaaaony ni?aai/iuie,
ae?aeaauie e aoeoeeiiiuie oeaiaie e a neeo yoiai n oi/ee c?aiey
iaania/aiiinoe oeaiiaie eioi?iaoeeae iaoiaeeony a iieiaeaiee, /ai ?uiie
iaoei e iai?oaeiaaiey, aioiauo ecaeaeee a oeaeii.

EEOA?AOO?A

Eioea? O. «Iniiau ia?eaoeiaa», I.1992

«?uii/iay yeiiiieea» Aiy?ia Aaiea a 15 o «Ia?eaoeia» Ei.5 Inei/Iineaa,
1992a.

II.N.Caaueyeia, A.A. Aeaieaeia «Oi?ioea oniaoa; ia?eaoeia» Iineaa
«Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua ioiioaiey» 1992a.

4. E?ueiaa A.Ae., Nieieiaa I.E. «I?aeoeeoi ii ia?eaoeiao», «Aaiee e
ae?aea» THieoe 1995a.

EINOEOOO EIIIA?OeEE

EIINIAEO

Ii IA?EAOEIAO

Nooaeaio: Ao?ia Aeoaeee
Iaaeiae/

Oaeoeueoao: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua
yeiiiie/aneea

ioiioaiea (Ie?iaay
yeiiiieea)

a.Iineaa

1998a.

1. Ia?eaoeia eae eino?oiaio i?aia?aciaaiey ?inneeneie yeiiiieee.

I?iyaeaiea ia?eaoeiaa eae ii?aaeaeaiiie nenoaiu oicyenoaiaaiey,
iaoiaea ?aoaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiii-?uii/iuo i?iaeai yoi ia /oi eiia, eae
ioaaoiay ?aaeoeey oicyenoaaiiie aaeeieoeu ia oaeea i?ioeannu a ie?a, eae
oneiaeiaiea i?iaeaiu i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia aneaaenoaea
no?aieoaeueiiai ?anoe?aiey eo anni?oeiaioa, auno?iai iaiiaeaiey,
iaauaaeiai ?aiaa aic?anoaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo aiciiaeiinoae, /anouo
naeaeaia a oa?aeoa?a e no?oeoo?a ?uii/iiai ni?ina, aai eiiuthieoo?iuo
eieaaaiee, ana aieueoaai iaino?aiey eiieo?aioeee ia ie?iaii ?uiea.

Ia?eaoeia aucuaaao e naaa eioa?an aua e iioiio, /oi ii aieoae a naay
iineaaeiea aeinoeaeaiey ia oieueei ie?iaie i?aeoeee, ii e iaoee, ia/eiay
n eioi?iaoeee e eeaa?iaoeee e caaa?oay ineoieiaeae, ia aiai?y oaea ia
eniieueciaaiee oi?aaeai/aneie e yeiiiie/aneie iaoe.

Ia?eaoeia – yaeaiea neiaeiia, iiiaiieaiiaia e aeeiaie/iia. Yoei
iauyniyaony iaaiciiaeiinoue a iaeiii oieaa?naeueiii ii?aaeaeaiee aeaoue
iieioth, aaeaeaaoioth aai nouiinoe, i?eioeeiai e ooieoeeyi
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ia?eaoeiaa. «Ia?eaoeia – yoi i?ioeann ieaie?iaaiey e
oi?aaeaiey ?ac?aaioeie ecaeaeee e oneoa, oeaiiaie iieeoeee, e
i?iaeaeaeaieai oiaa?ia e iieoiaoaeyi e nauoii. /oiau aeinoeaiooia oaeei
ia?acii ?aciiia?acea aeaa i?eaiaeeei e oaeiaeaoai?aieth iio?aaiinoae eae
ioaeaeueiuo ee/iinoae, oae e i?aaiecaoeee o.a. iiae ia?eaoeiaii
iiieiaaony oaeie aeae ?uii/iie aeayoaeueiinoe, i?e eioi?ii
i?iecaiaeeoaeai eniieuecoaony nenoaiiue iiaeoiae e i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaie
iaoiae ?aoaiey oicyenoaaiiuo i?iaeai, a ?uiie, aai o?aaiaaiey e oa?aeoa?
?aaeoeee yaeythony e?eoa?eyie yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe.

2. Iiiyoea e nouiinoue ia?eaoeiaa a oneiaeyo ?inneeneiai ?uiea.

N iauanoaaiiie oi/ee c?aiey ia?eaoeia – yoi nioeeaeueii-oi?aaeai/aneee
i?ioeann, iin?aaenoaii eioi?iai eiaeeaeaeooiu e a?oiiu eiaeeaeaeooiia
iooai nicaeaiey i?iaeoeoia e eo iaiaia iieo/atho oi, a /ai iie
ioaeaeathony. A iniiaa yoiai i?ioeanna eaaeao neaaeothuea eeth/aaua
iiiyoey: iio?aaiinoue, aeaeaiea, ni?in, i?iaeoeo, iaiai, naeaeea, ?uiie.
Yoio i?ioeann oa?aeoa?ecoaony oai. /oi iio?aaiinoe aueeaathony a
eiie?aoiua aeaeaiey, eioi?ua n o/aoii aeaiaaeiuo aiciiaeiinoae
o?ainoi?ie?othony a ni?in ia ?uiea ia eiie?aoiua i?iaeoeou, ia iniiaa
eioi?iai inouanoaeyaony iaiai iaaeaeo i?iecaiaeeoaeai e iio?aaeoaeai,
ioi?ieyaiue a aeaea ii?aaeaeaiiie naeaeee. Oaeei ia?acii, ia?eaoeia
iai?aaeyao yeiiiieeo ia oaeiaeaoai?aiea iiiaeanoaa iinoiyiii iaiythueony
iio?aaiinoae ieeeeiiia iio?aaeoaeae. Oaeei ia?acii. ia?eaoeia – yoi
i?ioeann niaeaniaaiey aiciiaeiinoae i?aaei?eyoey e cai?inia
iio?aaeoaeae. ?acoeueoaoii yoiai i?ioeanna yaeyaony i?aaeinoaaeaiea
iio?aaeoaeyi aeaa, oaeiaeaoai?ythueo eo iio?aaiinoae, e iieo/aiea
i?aaei?eyoeai i?eauee, iaiaoiaeeiie aeey aai yooaeoeaiiai
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e eo/oaai oaeiaeaoai?aiey cai?inia iio?aaeoaeae a
aoaeouai.

C.Ia?eaoeiaiaay no?aoaaey.

Ia?eaoeiaiaay no?aoaaey – aeaaiua i?eioeeieaeueiua iai?aaeaiey
ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, neaaeoy eioi?ui aai
no?aoaae/aneea oicyenoaaiiua aaeeieoeu aeinoeaatho iinoaaeaiiuo ia?aae
ieie oeaeae. Ia?eaoeiaiaay no?aoaaey aeeth/aao eiie?aoiua no?aoaaee
aeayoaeueiinoe ia oeaeaauo ?uieao e eniieuecoaiue eiiieaen ia?eaoeiaa. A
no?aoaaeyo, ?ac?aaaouaaaiuo aeey eaaeaeiai naaiaioa ?uiea, aeieaeiu
auoue ii?aaeaeaiu iiaua i?iaeoeou, oeaiu, iaoiaeu i?iaeaeaeaiey
i?iaeoeoia e eaiaeu ?ani?aaeaeaiey. I?e ?ac?aaioea ia?eaoeiaiaie
no?aoaaee aeieaeiu auoue o/oaiu «iianiinoe e aiciiaeiinoe» ?uiea, a
oaeaea no?aoaaee eiieo?aioia e cao?aou ia ia?eaoeia. Aeey yoiai
i?iaiaeeony aiaeec eiieo?aioia.

4. Nenoaia ia?eaoeiaa.

Nenoaia ia?eaoeiaa – iinoiyiii aeaenoaothuay nenoaia acaeiinayce
ethaeae. iai?oaeiaaiey e iaoiaee/aneeo i?eaiia, i?aaeiacia/aiiay aeey
nai?a, eeanneoeeaoeee, aiaeeca, ioeaiee e ?ani?ino?aiaiey aeooaeueiie,
naiaa?aiaiiie e oi/iie eioi?iaoeee aeey eniieueciaaiey aa
?anii?yaeeoaeyie noa?u ia?eaoeiaa n oeaeueth niaa?oainoaiaaiey
ieaie?iaaiey, i?aoai?aiey a aeeciue e eiio?iey ca eniieiaieai
ia?eaoeiaiauo ia?ii?eyoee. Eioi?iaoeeth nenoaiu ia?eaoeiaa niae?atho e
aiaeece?otho n iiiiuueth /aou?ao aniiiiaaoaeueiuo nenoai, eioi?ua
ninoaaeytho nenoaio ia?eaoeiaiaie eioi?iaoeee: nenoaia aioo?aiiae
io/aoiinoe, nenoaiu nai?a aiaoiae oaeouae ia?eaoeiaiaie eioi?iaoeee,
nenoaiu ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee e nenoaiu aiaeeca ia?eaoeiaiaie
eioi?iaoeee.

5. Aa iniaaiiinoe a ?innee.

Aeey auaeeaaiey a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee,
iiyaeaoeony a ?innee n 1992 aiaea, oe?ia aeieaeia iaeaaeaoue ia?iiiie
nenoaiie ia?eaoeiaiaie eioi?iaoeee. I/aiue /anoi naaaeaiey ionoonoaotho,
iinooiatho a oi?io neeoeii iicaeii, a eiua naaaeaiey i?inoi ia
caneoaeeaatho aeiaa?ey. Anee anoue aiciiaeiinoue, oi oe?ia aeieaeia
nicaeaoue nenoaio aioo?aiiae io/aoinoe ia YAI. Yoa nenoaia iaania/eo
aeaaa oe?iu iieo/aiea aieueoiai iauaia ananoi?iiiae eioi?iaoeee a aieaa
ei?ioeea n?iee.

Iniiaiay caaea/a, eioi?ay noieo ia?aae aecianiaiii a ?innee – yoi
?aoaiea i ?aca?aie/aiee ?acee/iuo a?oii iieoiaoaeae, ninoaaeythueo
?uiie, e ?ac?aaioea niioaaonoaothueo oiaa?ia aeey eaaeaeiai ?uiea a
?innee e ca aa i?aaeaeaie. Auai? eiie?aoiiai ?uiea ii?aaeaeyao e?oa
eiieo?aioia oe?iu e auai? niioaaonoaothuae no?aoaaee ia?eaoeiaa.

6. Enneaaeiaaiea ?uieia.

Enneaaeiaaiea ?uiea – ia naiioeaeue, a enoi/iee eioi?iaoeee aeey
i?eiyoey yooaeoeaiiai oi?aaeai/aneiai ?aoaiey. Yoi ?aoaiea iiaeao
ioiineoueny e ethaiio aniaeoo aiaoiaoi?aiaie e ia?eaoeiaiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe, iiyoiio ia?aoeeiiaeueii ia?aie/eaaoue ?anoiaeu ia oaeea
enneaaeiaaiey iiae oeaaii «Yeiiiiee n?aaenoa»: iioa?e, aucaaiiua
iaaa?iui ?aoaieai, auaaao a 10-100 ?ac aieueoeie.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey – oeeo?u, ii yoe oeeo?u io?aaeatho oa
aii?inu, eioi?ua auee iinoaaeaiu, e ?ani?aaeaeaiea ioaaoia. Iiyoiio
oi?ioee?iaea aii?inia aeieaeii auoue oaeaeaii naiia i?enoaeueiia
aieiaiea. Ia yoaia i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey eaeao iiene e aiaeec
iioaeeeiaaiiuo a niaoeeaeueiie eeoa?aoo?a aeaiiuo ia eioa?anothuae ian
?uiea. Ia yoaia iia?aoeaiiai ieaie?iaaiey ninoaaeyaony aeaoaeueiue ieai,
a eioi?ii oeacuaatho: ia?a/aiue iaiaoiaeeiuo aeaiiuo, iaoiaeu eo
iieo/aiey (ee/iia eioa?aueth; ii?in ii oaeaoiio; ?annueea aieao),
niiniau io?aaioee, aeae i?aaenoaaeaiey ?acoeueoaoia (iauai oaenoia:
aeaeu oaaeeoe; a?aoeeia, aeeaa?aii). E /eneo i?iaeai, ?anniao?eaaaiuo
i?e enneaaeiaaiee ?uieia ioiinyony: – ii?aaeaeaiea aieinoe ?uiea e /eee
ioaeaeueiuo aai naaiaioa: eiiuthieoo?iua e i?iaiiciua enneaaeiaaiey
nauoa: enneaaeiaaiea iiaaaeaiey iieoiaoaeae (ioiioaiea e oiaa?o oe?iu,
iioeau iieoiee, niiniau iieoiee e o.ae.); eco/aiea i?aeoeee
aeayoaeueiinoe eiieo?aioia: enneaaeiaaiea i?aaeiieaaaaiie ?aaeoeee ia
aaaaeaiea iiaiai oiaa?a (aiciiaeiue iauai nauoa, aa?iyoiue ioaao
eiieo?aioia e o.ae.).

7. ?ac?aaioea i?iaeoeoeee.

N o/aoii auno?uo ia?aiai ai aeonao, oaoiieiaee e ninoiyiee
eiieo?aioeee oe?ia ia iiaeao iieaaaoueny oieueei ia nouanoaothuea iuia
oiaa?u. Iio?aaeoaeue, oi/ao e aeaeao iiauo e oniaa?oainoaiaaiiuo
ecaeaeee e eiieo?aiou i?eeiaeao iaeneioi oneeee, /oiau iaania/eoue aai
yoeie iiaeieaie. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, o eaaeaeie oe?iu aeieaeia auoue naiy
i?ia?aiia ?ac?aaioee iiauo oiaa?ia.

Eiiiaiey iiaeao caiieo/eoue iiaeiee aeaoiy niiniaaie. Ai-ia?auo,
iooai i?eia?aoaiey ni noi?iiu, o.a. eoiea oeaeeeii eaeoth-oi oe?io,
iaoaio eee eeoeaiceth ia i?iecaiaenoai /oaeiai oiaa?a. E, ai-aoi?uo,
aeaaiaea?y nianoaaiiui oneeeyi, o.a. nicaeaa o naay ioaeae enneaaeiaaiee
e ?ac?aaioie. ?ac?aaioea iiaiai oiaa?a ia/eiaaony n iienea eaeae aeey
iiaeiee. Iienee yoe aeieaeiu aanoenue nenoaiaoe/anee, a ia io neo/ay e
neo/ath. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa oe?ia iiaeao iaeoe aeanyoee eaeae, ii
aieueoeinoai ec ieo ia iiaeieaeao n oi/ee c?aiey niaoeeoeee aa
aeayoaeueiinoe. Nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai i?ae?aniuo enoi/ieeia eaeae aeey
nicaeaiey iiaeiie. Iaeaieaa eiae/iie noa?oiaie ieiuaaeeie a iienea oaeeo
eaeae yaeythony iio?aaeoaee. Ca eo ioaeaeaie e iio?aaiinoyie iiaeii
neaaeeoue n iiiiuueth ii?inia eeeaioo?u, a?oiiiauo ianoaeaeaiee,
iinooiathueo ienai e aeaeia.

8. Iieeoeea oeai.

Oeaiu iaoiaeyony a oaniie acaeiinayce n ae?oaeie ia?aiaiiuie
ia?eaoeiaa e aeayoaeueiinoe oe?iu. Oeaiu /anoi iaiythony ia i?ioyaeaiee
aeeciaiiiai oeeeea oiaa?a – io aunieeo aeey i?eaea/aiey iieoiaoaeae –
iiai?ioia, i?eaioe?othueony ia i?anoeae, aei ieceeo, i?eaioe?othueony ia
ianniaue ?uiie. O?iaaiue ianeoaeeaaiey iio?aaeoaeae caaeneo io oeaiu.
Ieceea oeaiu iau/ii naycuaathony n iaaeinoaoi/iui na?aenii. A?oiiu
oiaa?ia n ?acee/iuie oeaiaie i?eaeaeatho ?acee/iua naaiaiou ?uiea. A
caaeneiinoe io oeai ai iiiaii caaeneo aeinoeaiooua eiiia?/aneea
?acoeueoaou, a aa?iay eee ioeai/iay iieeoeea oeai ieacuaaao
aeieaia?aiaiiia (iieiaeeoaeueiia eee io?eoeaoaeueiia) aicaeaenoaea ia
anth aeayoaeueiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiii-nauoiaiai eiiieaena i?iiuoeaiiie
oe?iu.

Nooue oeaeaiai?aaeaiiie iieeoeee oeai a ia?eaoeiaa caeeth/aaony a
oii, /oiau onoaiaaeeaaoue ia oiaa?u oe?iu oaeea oeaiu e oae
aa?uee?iaaoue eie a caaeneiinoe io iieiaeaiey ia ?uiea, /oiau iaeaaeaoue
aai ii?aaeaeaiiie aeieae, iaania/eoue iaia/aiiue iauai i?eauee e ?aoaoue
ae?oaea no?aoaae/aneea e iia?aoeaiua caaea/e.

9.Nauo e i?iaeaeaeaiea i?iaeoeoeee.

Niaoeeoeea nauoa a oii, /oi ia naeaeeo niiniaiu ieacaoue aeeyiea
iiiaeanoai oaeoi?ia iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai iauaiey /aeiaaea n /aeiaaeii, a
oaeaea ie?oaeaiea (aoiinoa?a ianoa i?iaeaaee),a eioi?ii niaa?oaaony
naeaeea. I?iaeaeaeaiea i?iaeoeoeee – niaieoiiinoue ia?ii?eyoee ii
aeiaaaeaieth eioi?iaoeee i aeinoieinoaao i?iaeoeoeee aei iioaioeeaeueiuo
iio?aaeoaeae e noeioee?iaaieth o ieo aeaeaiey eoieoue aai. Iaeaaeeaaiea
eiiioieeaoeee inouanoaeyaony a ?aieao eiiieaena i?iaeaeaeaiey i?iaeoeoa
a oaeie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe: eaeaioeoeoee?oaony oeaeaaay aoaeeoi?ey:
ii?aaeaeyaony aa aeaeaaiay ioaaoiay ?aaeoeey (eae i?aaeei: yoi iieoiea);
auae?aaony niaea?aeaiea. no?oeoo?a e oi?ia ia?auaiey e aoaeeoi?ee:
auae?athony eiiioieeaoeeiiiua eaiaeu; ii?aaeaeyaony eeoei, eioi?ia
aunooiaao n ia?auaieai (ia?aaeaao eioi?iaoeeth): onoaiaaeeaaaony
ia?aoiay naycue n oeaeaaie aoaeeoi?eae.

10. Ia?eaoeia – ieen e ia?eaoeiaiaue eiio?ieue.

Aicieeiiaaiea iiiaeanoaa iaiaeeaeaiiinoae, iai?aaeaeaeaiiuo
neooaoeee i?e inouanoaeaiee ieaiia ia?eaoeiaa aeaeaao iaiaoiaeeiui
iinoiyiiue eiio?ieue ca oiaeii eo auiieiaiey neoaeaie ia?eaoeiaa.
Nenoaiu ia?eaoeiaiaiai eiio?iey iaiaoiaeeiu aeey oiai, /oiau auoue
oaa?aiiui, /oi ana eaeao ii?iaeueii, a anee iaa, oi /aoei oynieoue,
eaeea i?e/eiu iaoatho yooaeoeaiie ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe oe?iu.
Iaeiaei nai ia?eaoeiaiaue eiio?ieue – iiiyoea ioithaeue ia iaeiicia/iia.
Iiaeii auaeaeeoue o?e oeia ia?eaoeiaiaiai eiio?iey:

Eiio?ieue ca auiieiaieai aiaeiauo ieaiia caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi
niaoeeaeenou ia?eaoeiaa niiinoaaeytho oaeouea iieacaoaee n eiio?ieueiuie
oeeo?aie aiaeiaiai ieaia; eiio?ieue i?eaueueiinoe oiaa?ia, oa??eoi?ee,
naaiaioia ?uiea e oi?aiauo eaiaeia.

No?aoaae/aneee eiio?ieue caeeth/aaony a ?aaoey?iie i?iaa?ea
niioaaonoaey enoiaeiuo no?aoaae/aneeo onoaiiaie oe?iu eiathueiny
?uii/iui aiciiaeiinoyi.

11. I?aaiecaoeey e aeayoaeueiinoue ia?eaoeiaiaie neoaeau i?aaei?eyoey.

I?aaiecaoeey ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe eee ia?eaoeiaa aeeth/aao:
iino?iaiea (niaa?oainoaiaaiea) i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey
ia?eaoeiaii; iiaeai? niaoeeaeenoia ii ia?eaoeiao (ia?eaoieiaia)
iaaeeaaeauae eaaeeoeeaoeee; ?ani?aaeaeaiea caaea/, i?aa e
ioaaonoaaiiinoe a nenoaia oi?aaeaiey ia?eaoeiaii; nicaeaiea oneiaee
aeey yooaeoeaiie ?aaiou nio?oaeieeia ia?eaoeiaiauo neoaea (i?aaiecaoeey
eo ?aai/eo iano) i?aaenoaaeaiea iaiaoiaeeiie eioi?iaoeee n?aaenoa
i?aoaoieee e ae?.). i?aaiecaoeeth yooaeoeaiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey
ia?eaoeiaiauo neoaea n ae?oaeie neoaeaaie i?aaiecaoeee. Neaaeoao
ioiaoeoue, /oi iaaieueoea i?aaiecaoeee, ?ac?aaaouaathuea iiaua i?iaeoeou
a auno?i iaiythueony oneiaeyo eniieuecotho aeaeea aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiua
no?oeoo?u. E?oiiua i?aaiecaoeee, aeaenoaothuea ia aieaa noaaeeueiuo
?uiea, a oeaeyo iaania/aiey aieueoae eioaa?aoeee /anoi eniieuecotho
aieaa oeaio?aeeciaaiiua no?oeoo?u. I?e yoii iaeiei ec iniiaiuo
i?eioeeiia i?aaiecaoeee oi?aaeaiey ia?eaoeiaii a e?oiiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo
yaeyaony iaeneiaeueiia i?eaeeaeaiea iano i?eiyoey ia?eaoeiaiauo ?aoaiee
e iiae?acaeaeaieyi, aaea caieiathony i?aeoe/aneei ia?eaoeiaii. Ethaay
i?ano?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey ia?eaoeiaii aeieaeia no?ieony ia iniiaa
neaaeothueo ?acia?iinoae: ooieoeee, aaia?aoe/aneea ciiu aeayoaeueiinoe,
i?iaeoeou (oiaa?u) e iio?aaeoaeueneea ?uiee. Enoiaey ec eceiaeaiiiai,
auaeaeytho neaaeothuea i?eioeeiu i?aaiecaoeee iiae?acaeaeaiee
ia?eaoeiaa: ooieoeeiiaeueiay i?aaiecaoeey, aaia?aoe/aneay i?aaiecaoeey,
i?iaeoeoiaay i?aaiecaoeey, ?uii/iay i?aaiecaoeey e ?acee/iua eiiaeiaoeee
ia?a/eneaiiuo i?eioeeiia.

12. Ia?eaoeiaiaay eiiioieeaoeey.

Nia?aiaiiue ia?eaoeia o?aaoao ai?acaei aieueoaai, /ai i?inoi
nicaeaoue oi?ioee oiaa?, iacia/eoue ia iaai i?eaeaeaoaeueioth eaio e
iaania/eoue aai aeinooiiinoue aeey oeaeaauo iio?aaeoaeae. Oe?iu aeieaeiu
inouanoaeyoue eiiioieeaoeeth ni naieie caeac/eeaie. I?e yoii a
niaea?aeaiee eiiioieeaoeee iaaeieaeii auoue aaniethoii ie/aai
neo/aeiiai.

Nia?aiaiiay oe?ia oi?aaeyao neiaeiie nenoaiie ia?eaoeiaiauo
eiiioieeaoeee. Naia iia iiaeaea?aeeaaao eiiioieeaoeee ni naieie
iin?aaeieeaie, iio?aaeoaeyie e ?acee/iuie eiioaeoiuie aoaeeoi?eyie. A?
iin?aaeieee iiaeaea?aeeaatho eiiioieeaoeee ni niie ie iio?aaeoaeyie e
?acee/iuie eiioaeoiuie aoaeeoi?eyie e o.ae. Eiiieaen ia?eaoeiaiauo
eiiioieeaoeee ninoieo ec /aou?ao iniiaiuo n?aaenoa aicaeaenoaey.

?aeeaia-ethaay ieaoiay oi?ia iaee/iiai i?aaenoaaeaiey e
i?iaeaeaeaiey eaeae. oiaa?ia eee oneoa io eiaie ecaanoiiai niiini?a.

Noeioee?iaaiea nauoa – e?aoeia?aiaiiua iiaoaeeoaeueiua ia?u
iiiu?aiey iieoiee eee i?iaeaaee oiaa?a eee oneoae.

I?iiaaaiaea – iaee/iia e ia iiea/eaaaiia niiini?ii noeioee?iaaiea
ni?ina ia oiaa?, oneoao eee aeaeiaoth i?aaiecaoeeiiioth aaeeieoeo
iin?aaenoaii ?ani?ino?aiaiey i ieo eiiia?/anee aaaeiuo naaaeaiee a
ia/aoiuo n?aaenoaao eioi?iaoeee.

Ee/iay i?iaeaaea – onoiia i?aaenoaaeaiea oiaa?a a oiaea aanaaeu n
iaeiei eee ianeieueeeie iioaioeeaeueiuie iieoiaoaeyie n oeaeueth
niaa?oaiey cai?iaeaaee.

13. Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ia?eaoeia.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ia?eaoeia – ia?eaoeia, eniieuecoaiue i?aaei?eyoeyie
ii aiaoiayeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ia?eaoeia
i?aaeiieaaaao eco/aiea aiaoiae n?aaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai ia?eaoeiaa,
ii?aaeaeaiea oeaeaniia?aciinoe auoiaea ia aiaoiee ?uiie, auai?
eiie?aoiuo ?uieia e iaoiaeia auoiaea ec ieo, ?ac?aaioeo ieaia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai ia?eaoeiaa e ?aoaiey aii?inia aai i?aaiecaoeee.

I?e auai?a eiie?aoiuo ?uieia ii?aaeaeyaony /enei aiciiaeiuo
ca?oaaaeiuo ?uieia, noaiaiue i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe ?uiea eaaeaeie no?aiu.
Aeey yoiai aiciiaeiua ?uiee ?aiaee?otho n iiiiuueth oaeeo iieacaoaeae,
eae ?acia? ?uiea, nei?inoue aai ?inoa, cao?aou ia aai inaiaiea,
eiieo?aioiua i?aeiouanoaa, noaiaiue ?enea e ae?. Nouanoaotho neaaeothuea
iaoiaeu auoiaea ia ca?oaaaeiue ?uiie: yenii?o, niaianoiia
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, i?yiia eiaanoe?iaaiea.

No?aoaaey i?iaeaeaeaiey i?iaeoeoa iiaeao iiaoi?youe no?aoaaeth,
eniieuecoaioth ia aioo?aiiai ?uiea, eee iaiyoueny aeey eaaeaeiai
ca?oaaaeiiai ?uiea. Auai? eiie?aoiie no?aoaaee ai iiiaii ii?aaeaeyaony
niaoeeoeeie aeayoaeueiinoe ia oao eee eiuo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ?uieao.

Aeey i?aaiecaoeee iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai ia?eaoeiaa i?aaei?eyoea iiaeao
nicaeaaaoue eeai yenii?oiue ioaeae, eeai iaaeaeoia?iaeiia ioaeaeaiea
naiaai i?aaei?eyoey, eeai aeiaaeueii iia?aoeaiua aaeeieoeu.

14.Aiaoiayeiiiie/aneee ia?eaoeia – iniaay ninoaaiay /anoue ia?eaoeiaa.

Aeey aiaoiayeiiiie/aneiai ia?eaoeiaa oeaeaniia?acii nicaeaoue ia
i?aaei?eyoee eiiuthieoo?ii-ceiiiie/aneoth neoaeau, i?ecaaiioth
i?aaieciaaoue e iaiin?aaenoaaiii o/anoaiaaoue a ?aaeecaoeee
aiaeeoe/aneie ooieoeee ia?eaoeiaa, aeeth/ay inouanoaeaiea enneaaeiaaiey
aiaoiae e aioo?aiiae n?aaeu i?aaei?eyoey e au?aaioeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaaiii-nauoiaie aeayoaeueiinoe n o/aoii ninoiyiey
?uiea, ia?niaeoea aai ?acaeoey e yenii?oiuo aiciiaeiinoae naiiai
i?aaei?eyoey. A eeth/aaia ianoi a oeacaiiie neoaeaa i?ecaai caiyoue
ioaeae ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee e oeai (IIEOe) – iaoiaeieiae/aneee
oeaio? i?aaei?eyoey ii eiiuethieoo?ii-yeiiiie/aneei e oeaiiaui aii?inai
oneiaeyi caeeth/aiey ?acee/iuo naeaeie, i?iaaaeaiea ia?aaiai?ia n
ca?oaaaeiuie ia?oia?aie ii yeiiiie/aneei aniaeoai iao/ii-oaoie/aneie e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie eiiia?aoeee, nicaeaiey niaianoiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia
oa??eoi?ee ?innee. No?oeoo?iue iaai?, eiee/anoai auiieiyaiuo ooieoeee
oaeei ioaeaeii e neoaeaie a oeaeii caaenyo io ianooaaia
yenii?oii-eiii?oiuo iia?aoeee, niaoeeaeecaoeee i?aaei?eyoey. niaoeeoeee
i?iaeoeoeee. A ethaii neo/aa neoaeaa aiaoiayeiiiie/aneiai ia?eaoeiaa –
naycothuaa caaii anaai ia?eaoeiaiaiai eiiieaena i?aaei?eyoey.

15. Niaoeeoeea iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai ia?eaoeiaa a ?innee.

Oe?iu a ?innee aiaeaeathony a aeayoaeueiinoue ii iaaeaeoia?iaeiiio
ia?eaoeiao aeaoiy iooyie: Eeai eoi-oi ia?auaaony n i?inueaie
i?aaieciaaoue i?iaeaaeo ca ?oaaaeii neaaeai, ae?oaie ioa/anoaaiiue
yenii?oa?, eiino?aiiue eiii?oa? eee eiino?aiiia i?aaeoaeuenoai – eeai
oe?ia Naia ia/eiaao iiaeoiuaaoue i auoiaea ca a?aieoeo. Aiciiaeii, aa
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua iiuiinoe i?aauoatho iio?aaiinoe ioa/anoaaiiiai ?uiea,
a iiaeao iia aeaeeo ca ?oaaaeii aieaa aeaaii?eyoiua ia?eaoeiaiaua
aiciiaeiinoe. Aeey auoiaea ca a?aieoeo ?innee oe?ia aeieaeia /aoei
ii?aaeaeeoue caaea/e e iieeoe/aneea onoaiiaee naiath iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
ia?eaoeiaa. Ai-ia?auo, ae iaiaoiaeeii ?aoeoue, eaeie i?ioeaio iauaai
iauaia naieo i?iaeaae iia aoaeao no?aieoueny inouanoaeoue ia aiaoieo
?uieao. Ai-aoi?uo, oe?ia aeieaeia ?aoeoue aoaeao ee iia caieiaoueny
ia?eaoeiaii anaai a ianeieueeeo eee n?aco ai iiiaeo no?aiao.

A-o?aoueeo, oe?ia aeieaeia ?aoeoue, a no?aiao eaeiai oeia iia oi/ao
?aaioaoue. I?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue no?aiu aoaeao caaenaoue io i?aaeeaaaaiiai
oiaa?a, aaia?aoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia, o?iaiy aeioiaeia, ninoaaa e /eneaiiinoe
ianaeaiey, iieeoe/aneiai eeeiaoa e i?i/eo iniaaiiinoae. Ninoaaea
ia?a/aiue aiciiaeiuo ca?oaaaeiuo ?uieia, oe?ia aeieaeia aoaeao caiyoueny
eo ioai?ii e ?aiaee?iaaiea. Auai? ?uiea eaaeaony aeaeii n?aaieoaeueii
i?inoui e iacaiuneiaaoui. No?aiu-eaiaeeaeaou iiaeii eeanneoeoee?iaaoue
ii ianeieueeei e?eoa?eyi, oaeei, eae: 1) ?acia? ?uiea; 2) aeeiaieea
?inoa ?uiea; 3) ecaea?aeee ii aaaeaieth aeae: 4) eiieo?aioiua
i?aeiouanoaa e 5) noaiaiue ?enea. Oeaeue ?aiaee?iaaiey – onoaiiaeoue,
eaeie ?uiie iaania/eo oe?ia iaeaieaa aeieaia?aiaiiue aeioiae ia
aeiaeaiiue eaieoae.

16. Eiio?ieeia a nenoaia ia?eaoeiaa.

Eaaeaeay oe?ia aeieaeia ia?eiaee/anee ia?aioeaieaaoue naie iauee
iiaeoiae e ?uieo, iieuecoynue aeey yoiai i?eaiii, ecaanoiui iiae
iacaaieai ?aaecey ia?eaoeiaa (eiio?ieeia).

?aaecey ia?eaoeiaa i?aaenoaaeyao niaie eiiieaeniia, nenoaiiia,
aani?eno?anoiia e ?aaoey?iia enneaaeiaaiea ia?eaoeiaiaie n?aaeu oe?iu
(eee i?aaiecaoeeiiiie aaeeieoeu), aa caaea/, no?aoaaee e iia?aoeaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe n oeaeueth auyaeaiey aicieeathueo i?iaeai e
ioe?uaathueony aiciiaeiinoae e auaea/e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ioiineoaeueiiai
ieaia aeaenoaee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe yoie
oe?iu. ?aaeci?o ia?eaoeiaa aeieaeia auoue i?aaeinoaaeaia iieiay naiaiaea
a i?iaaaeaiee eioa?aueth n oi?aaeythueie, eeeaioaie, aeeea?aie,
eiiieaiyaea?aie e i?i/eie eeoeaie, eioi?ua i?ieeou naao ia ninoiyiea
ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe oe?iu. Ia iniiaa nia?aiiie n iiiiuueth yoeo
aii?inia eioi?iaoeee ?aaeci? naeaeaao ?yae auaiae e auaeaao ?yae
?aeiiaiaeaoeee. Eiiaaea auaiaeu ?aaeci?a iiaoo aucaaoue oaeeaeaiea -.«
oi e oie a n?aaea ?oeiaiaenoaa. Caoai ?oeiaiaenoai ?aoaao, eaeea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee i?aaenoaaeythony iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiuie, a oaeaea eaeei
ia?acii e eiaaea neaaeoao i?aoai?eoue eo a aeeciue.

17. Oeaee e caaea/e aioo?ei?iecaiaenoaaiiiai aiaeeca.

Iinea oiai, eae au?iaiaiu eiiia?/aneea oneiaey iinoaaee, aaiaeyony
iii?aaee ia ?acieoeo a oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo ia?aiao?ao i?iaeoeoeee.
ooieoeeiiaeueii iaeii?iaeiie, ii auioneaaiie ?acee/iuie iinoaaueeaie.
I?e yoii neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi anee iaoiaeeea aianaiey eiiia?/anee
iii?aaie aeey anao oiaa?ia i?eia?ii iaeeiaeiaa, oi i?eaeaeaaiua aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey oeai aioiauo ecaeaeee, a iniaaiiinoe iaoei e
iai?oaeiaaiey, iii?aaee ia oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneoth niiinoaaeiinoue
io?aaeaao niaoeeoeeo eiaiii aeaiiie oiaa?iie a?oiiu.

Iiiaiia?acea ?acee/iuo aeaeia e eiino?oeoeee i?iaeoeoeee
iaoeiino?iaiey iauyniyao oio oaeo, /oi i?e ia?aoiaea io iaeiiai
io?aneaaiai ?uiea e ae?oaiio eiee/anoai e ninoaa eiie?aoiuo iieacaoaeae,
ii?aaeaeythueo oeaio e eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue i?iaeoeoeee io?anee,
iiaeao iaiyoueny a i/aiue aieueoii aeeaiaciia. A ?an/aoao
aioo?ei?iecaiaenoaaiiiai aiaeeca oeai eniieuecothony iiiaea
?aciiaeaeiinoe ia?aiao?e/aneeo iaoiaeia oeaiiia?aciaaiey, ia/eiay io
iaeaieaa i?inouo, o/eouaathueo eciaiaiea oeaiu a caaeneiinoe io
eciaiaiey iaeiiai ec aeaaiuo ia?aiao?ia e caeai/eaay ?acee/iuie
eiiieaeniuie ?an/aoaie aaee/eiu aicaeaenoaey ia oeaiu ianeieueeeo
ia?aiao?ia. Aaaaeaiea iii?aaie, aeiionoei, ia iiuiinoue,
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue eee /enei iai?ioia, i?e ii?aaeaeaiee yenii?oiie
eee eiii?oiie oeaiu eaeie-eeai iaoeiu, yaeythony iaeiie ec i?inoaeoeo
?aciiaeaeiinoae ia?aiao?e/aneeo ?an/aoia aioo?ei?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
aiaeeca.

18. Ia?eaoeiaiaue aiaeec oiaa?ia.

Oiaa? – yoi ana, /oi iiaeao oaeiaeaoai?eoue ioaeaeo, iio?aaiinoue e
i?aaeeaaaaony ?uieo n oeaeueth: 1) i?eaea/aiey aieiaiey: 2)
i?eia?aoaiey: 3) eniieueciaaiey: 4) iio?aaeaiey. Oiaa?ii iiaoo auoue
oece/aneea iauaeou, oneoae, eeoea, ianoa, i?aaiecaoeee, eaeae. Ana
oiaa?u iiaeii eeanneoeoee?iaaoue ii o?ai iniiaaieyi:

1) Oa?aeoa?enoeea oiaa?ia ii aeieaiaa/iinoe eee iaoa?eaeueiie
inycaaiinoe.

1.1 .Aeeeoaeueiiai iieueciaaiey – iaoa?eaeueiua ecaeaeey, iau/ii
auaea?aeeaathuea iiiaie?aoiia eniieueciaaiea (oieiaeeeueieee, oaeaaeci?u
e o.ae.).

1.2. E?aoeia?aiaiiiai iieueciaaiey – iaoa?eaeueiua ecaeaeey, iieiinoueth
iio?aaeyaiua ca iaeei eee ianeieueei oeeeeia eniieueciaaiey (oeaa,
ianei, naoa?a e o.ae.)

2) Oa?aeoa?enoeea oiaa?ia oe?ieiai iio?aaeaiey iniiaa:
iieoiaoaeueneea i?eau/ee iio?aaeoaey. 2.1.Iianaaeiaaiiai ni?ina –
oiaa?u, eioi?ua iio?aaeoaeue iieoiaao /anoi, ia ?acaeoiuaay, ii/oe ia
i?eeaaay oneeee ia eo n?aaiaiea iaaeaeo niaie, eioi?ua a naith i/a?aaeue
iiaeii iiae?acaeaeeoue ia:

2.1.1. Iniiaiua oiaa?u iinoiyiiiai ni?ina (?aaoey?iua iieoiee, oaeea eae
oeaa e o.ae.).

2.1.2. Eiioeueniua (iieoiee aac i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ieaie?iaaiey e
iienea).

Yeno?aiiue neo/aaa (i?e aicieeiiaaiey ioaeaeu, iai?eia?: iieoiea ciioa
ai a?aiy aeiaeaey.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ni?ina – oiaa?u, eioi?ua iio?aaeoaeue a i?ioeanna
auai?a e iieoiee, eae i?aaeei, n?aaieaaao iaaeaeo niaie ii ?yaeo
i?eciaeia, iai?eia?, ii iieacaoaeyi i?eaiaeiinoe, ea/anoaa, oeaiu,
aiaoiaai ioi?ieaiey (iaaaeue, yeaeo?iauoiaua i?eai?u, aaoiiiaeee e
o.ae.) a naith i/a?aaeue iie iiae?acaeaeythony ia:

Noiaeea – iaeeiaeiaua ii ea/anoao, ii ioee/athueany oeaiie (iaaaeue,
iaeaaeaea).

Ianoiaeea – eiaaea iooai oe?ieee anni?oeiaio (einothiu, ieaouey,
?oaaoee, aaenooee, iinee, e o.ae.).

Oiaa?u iniaiai ni?ina – n oieeaeueiuie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ioaeaeueiua
ia?i/iua oiaa?u (eiie?aoiua ia?ee e oeiu iiaeiuo oiaa?ia).

Oiaa?u ianneaiiai ni?ina – oiaa?u, eioi?uo iio?aaeoaeue ia ciaao eee
ciaao, ii ia caaeoiuaaaony i?e eo iieoiea (no?aoiaie iieen ).

Aniiiiaaoaeueiua iaoa?eaeu e oneoae – iauaeou, aiiaua ia i?enoonoaothuea
a aioiaii ecaeaeee.

?aai/ea iaoa?eaeu (ea?aiaeaoe, ien/ay aoiaaa e o.ae.).

3.1.2. Aeey oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey e ?aiiioa (e?anee, aaicaee e
o.ae.).

19. Ia?eaoeiaiaue aiaeec oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa.

A i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa ?acee/iua oaeoi?u aeaenoaotho ia
eciee?iaaiii, a acaeiiaeaenoaoy ae?oa n ae?oaii. A caaeneiinoe io
ni/aoaiey yoeo oaeoi?ia iaoiaeeony iauai auioneaaiie i?aaei?eyoeai
i?iaeoeoeee. Ooieoeee i?iecaiaenoaa eae ?ac e ii?aaeaeyao
oaoiieiae/aneoth acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo cao?aoaie oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa e
?acia?aie i?iaeoeoeee, eioi?oth iiaeii iieo/eoue n eo iiiiuueth. Oaeay
oaoiieiae/aneay naycue nouanoaoao aeey ii?aaeaeaiey o?iaiy ?acaeoey
oaoieee. Anee iiyaeony iiaay oaoieea eee aoaeao ?ac?aaioai iiaue
oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann, yoi n?aco neaaeaony ia ooieoeee i?iecaiaenoaa.
Ae?oaeie neiaaie, iaeneiaeueiue iauai auionea i?iaeoeoeee i?e eiathueony
cao?aoao oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa aeieaeai oaaee/eaaoueny. Iiyoiio, eiaaea
aiai?yo i ooieoeee i?iecaiaenoaa, oi o?iaaiue oaoieee e oaoiieiae/aneie
i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa i?aaeeaaathony iaeciaiiuie. Oioy
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ooieoeee ?acee/iu aeey ?acee/iuo io?aneae
i?iecaiaenoaa, ana iie iaeaaeatho aeaoiy iaueie naienoaaie. Ai-ia?auo,
anaaaea nouanoaoao i?aaeae aeey oaaee/aiey iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa,
eioi?ia aeinoeaaaony iin?aaenoaii oaaee/aiey iaeiiai ec oaeoi?ia
i?iecaiaenoaa. Oae, iai?eia?, iaeuecy aac eiioea ?anoe?youe iauai
auionea i?iaeoeoeee, oaaee/eaay /enei ?aai/eo, oae eae iaeuecy
ianoieueei oaaee/eaaoue eiee/anoai iaoa?eaea e iai?oaeiaaiey, /oi aeey
eo eniieueciaaiey ia inoaiaony ?aai/eo. Ai-aoi?uo, oaeoi?u i?iecaiaenoaa
oae naycaiu ae?oa n ae?oaii, /oi aac nie?auaiey iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa oae
naycaiu ae?oa n ae?oaii, /oi aac nie?auaiey iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa
aiciiaeia ii?aaeaeaiiay acaeiicaiaiyaiinoue iaeieo oaeoi?ia ae?oaeie.

20. Aiaeec oi?ie?iaaiey e eniieueciaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iioaioeeaea
oe?iu.

Iaoaieciu ?uiea o?oaea nicaeathony aeey oiai, /oiau iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaii eniieueciaaoue ?aai/oth neeo e oai naiui niinianoaiaaoue
iaeneiaeueiiio ?inoo aaeiaiai iauanoaaiiiai i?iaeoeoa. Iaeiaei yoa
oeaeue aeinoeaaaony aeaeaei ia anaaaea, ia aa iooe ano?a/aaony iaiaei
i?aiyonoaee eae /enoi yeiiiie/aneiai, oae nioeeaeueiiai e iieeoe/aneiai
oa?aeoa?a.

Ana yoi, a eiia/iii n/aoa, e iauyniyao oi iieiaeaiea, /oi ?uiie
o?oaea ii naiaio oa?aeoa?o yaeyaony naiui ianiaa?oaiiui n oi/ee c?aiey
eiieo?aioeee. Iiyoiio iauee i?eioeei ?uii/iie yeiiiieee ia onoaiiaeaiee
?uii/iie oeaiu inouanoaeyaony ai?acaei neiaeiaa, /ai ia ae?oaea oaeoi?u
i?iecaiaenoaa. Yoi aiieia iiiyoii, eai niiniaiinoe ethaeae e o?oaeo
iaeuecy eeanneoeoee?iaaoue oae i?inoi, eae iau/iua ?uii/iua oiaa?u eee
aeaaea, eae caieth, eaieoaeueiua n?aaenoaa e eiua aauanoaaiiua
n?aaenoaa, e oaeoi?u o?oaea. Aio ii/aio iieaoa o?oaea i?eia?aoaao aeey
yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee oaeoth aeooaeueiinoue e ii nooe aeaea neoaeeo
ninoaaiie /anoueth aieaa oe?ieie i?iaeaiu caiyoinoe ianaeaiey.

Iineieueeo eiieo?aioeey ia ?uiea o?oaea aanueia ianiaa?oaiia,
i?iaeaiu caiyoinoe e aac?aaioeoeu iiaoo auoue ?aoaiu eeoue a ?aieao
anaai iauanoaa e o?aaotho, iiyoiio ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey.

21. Eiiiaaoeeiiiue aiaeec.

Eiiiaaoeeiiiue aiaeec – aeae ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey, i?eaioe?iaaiiie ia aeeeoaeueioth ia?niaeoeao e
eniieueciaaiea neaaeothueo i?eioeeiia: aeiaaaeaiea aei iioaioeeaeueiuo
iio?aaeoaeae iauaeoeaiie eioi?iaoeee i i?iaeoeoao e aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey, aeeth/ay eiinoaoaoeeth eae iieiaeeoaeueiuo, oae e
io?eoeaoaeueiuo aniaeoia: eniieueciaaiea ia?eaoeiaa aeey eiiiaaoeeiiiiai
aiaeeca, i?aaeinoaaeaiea iio?aaeoaeth ii ia?a oe?aieaiey n iei eiioaeoia
ana aieueoeo aeaa e eueaio, iaania/eaay aai i?eaioaoeeth ia i?iaeoeou
i?aaei?eyoey a aeieain?i/iie ia?niaeoeaa: eniieueciaaiea ia?eaoeiaa,
iniiaaiiiai ia iniciaiee iauanoaaiiie iennee i?aaei?eyoey, niaeanii
eioi?iio ia?niiae i?aaei?eyoey eniuouaaao aieueoaa oaeiaeaoai?aiea io
?aaiou, iniciaaay, /oi auiieiaiea eaeeo-oi i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caaea/
niinianoaoao ?aoaieth ii?aaeaeaiiuo nioeeaeueiu caaea/ (iai?eia?,
ia?niiae oe?iu, auioneathuee oaeia?aiey, ?aaioaao aieaa yooaeoeaii,
iniciaaay, /oi no?aoaae/aneie oeaeueth – ienneae oe?iu yaeyaony ia
oaeiaeaoai?aiea iio?aaiinoe a oaeia?aieyo, a iiauoaiea i?iaeoeoeaiinoe
naeueneiai oicyenoaa e ?aoaiea i?iaeaiu ai?ueau n aieiaeii); neaaeiaaiea
eiioeaioeee nioeeaeueii-yoe/aneiai ia?eaoeiaa.

22. Aiaeec iioeaaoeee o?oaea, yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa i?aaei?eyoey.
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea.

Yeiiiie/aneee ?ino ii?aaeaeyaony iiiaeanoaii oaeoi?ia, i?e/ei e
oneiaee, n?aaee eioi?uo iau/ii auaeaeytho iniiaiua: a) oaeoi?u
i?aaeeiaeaiey. Iie aeaeatho aiciiaeiui naii i?iecaiaenoai e oai naiui
iaania/eaatho i?aaeeiaeaiea ?aciiia?aciuo oiaa?ia e oneoa; a) oaeoi?u
ni?ina e ?ani?aaeaeaiey, o.a. niiniaiinoue e ?inoo yeiiiieee ia
ia?aie/eaaaony oaeoi?aie i?aaeeiaeaiey, o.e. aeey ?aaeecaoeee
iioaioeeaeueiiai iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau ia iaai
nouanoaiaae niaieoiiue ni?in aeey iaania/aiey ?anoe?ythuaainy iauaia
i?iaeoeoeee e ?aoeeiiaeueiiai aai eniieueciaaiey.

Iiyoiio aeaenoaeoaeueiue yeiiiie/aneee ?ino aeinoeaeei eeoue oiaaea,
eiaaea niaieoiiua ?anoiaeu aeinoaoi/iu aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey iieiie
caiyoinoe, a aeiiieieoaeueiua ?ano?nu ?ani?aaeaeaiu oae, /oiau
iaania/eoue iaeneiaeueii aiciiaeiue auione i?iaeoeoeee.

I/aaeaeii, /oi ?ino i?iecaiaenoaa iaecaaaeii naycai n iaeiieaieai
oece/aneiai eaieoaea, o.a. oaaee/aieai n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa,
eniieuecoaiuo aeey auionea oiaa?ia. N aic?anoaieai eaieoaea i?ienoiaeeo
oaaee/aiea eaieoaeiaii?oaeaiiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa. Eiaanoeoeee,
iai?aaeyaiua ia aai iaiiaeaiea e ?anoe?aiea, neoaeao eiaiii yoie oeaee.

Iie yeiiiiyo o?oae, e iiyoiio iacuaathony o?oaeii naa?aaathueie. A
nia?aiaiiuo eiioeaioeeyo yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa ia?auaaony aieiaiea ia
?acee/iua aa?eaiou ni/aoaiey /aou?ao aeaoa?ieiaioia ?acaeoey: ?aai/oth
neeo, eaieoaeu, ?ano?nu e oaoiieiaeth.

23. Aa?eaoeeiiiue e ooieoeeiiaeueii-noieiinoiie aiaeec ecaea?aeae.

Ooieoeeiiaeueii-noieiinoiie aiaeec – i?eeeaaeiia enneaaeiaaiea
aiciiaeiinoae oeo/oaiey ooieoeee i?iaeoeoa n iiceoeee eo yooaeoeaiinoe
aeey iio?aaeoaey, iai?aaeai ia nieaeaiea ecaea?aeae e iiauoaiey
ea/anoaa i?iaeoeoia. Oeaeue ONA – ieieiecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo cao?ao
i?iecaiaeeoaey e oaeoueo cao?ao iio?aaeoaey ia yenieoaoaoeeth i?iaeoeoa
i?e oeo/oaiee eee nio?aiaiee ea/anoaaiiuo ia?aiao?ia. ONA ioaaouaaao ana
noi?iiu aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, naycaiiie n eiino?oe?iaaieai,
ecaioiaeaieai, niaaaeaieai e nauoii aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee. ONA iniiaai ia
ouaoaeueiii eco/aiee ninoaaiuo eiiiiiaioia i?iaeoeoa n oeaeueth
ii?aaeaeaiey aiciiaeiinoae eo eiino?oeoeaiie ia?aaeaeee noaiaea?oecaoeee
eee eniieueciaaiey aieaa aeaoaauo iaoiaeia i?iecaiaenoaa: ONA – yoi
iiene aiciiaeiinoae auiieiyoue oa aea ooieoeee n iiiiuueth aieaa
aeaoaauo eee aieaa yooaeoeaiuo i?iaeoeoia. I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi
i?iecaiaeeoaeue i?iaeaao ia i?iaeoeo, a oeaiiua aeey iio?aaeoaey
ooieoeee. ONA i?eiaiyaony eae i?iecaiaeeoaeyie, oae e iio?aaeoaeyie.
Iio?aaeoaee eniieuecotho ooieoeeiiaeueii-noieiinoiie aiaeec n oeaeueth
au?aaioee iiauo o?aaiaaiee e i?iecaiaeeoaeyi i?iaeoeoia ioiineoaeueii eo
noieiinoe e oaoie/aneiai o?iaiy.

24. Iaoiaeu iiaeaioiaee e iiieoi?eiaa aecian – ieaia.

Aeey oiai /oiau nieaie?iaaoue e ?aaeeciaaoue oniaoiue aecian, oae
eee eia/a iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue aecian-ieai. A iineaaeiea aiaeu ?acaiai?u i
aecian-ieaia aiciaiiaeeenue n?aaee aecianiaiia n iiaie neeie, eae aoaeoi
ii aue ioe?uo caiiai. Aecian-ieai – iainiiaaiea naiiai nouanoaiaaiey
aaoaai aeciana, yoi ea?oa, ii eioi?ie au aoaeeoa auae?aoue aei?iao e
i?ioeaaoaieth, iniiaiie aeieoiaio aeey no?ieoaeuenoaa aaoaai
i?aaei?eyoey, a oaeaea eeth/, ioe?uaathuee aeinooi e aaieianeiio
e?aaeeoo. Aac aeecianiiniaiiai) iieiiai, oaaaeeoaeueiiai aecian -ieaia
au eae aeaaeaeaoe anooiaaoa ia iooue ethaeoaeuenoaa, i?ia e ioeaie.
?aniieaaay aecian-ieaiii, au noaiiaeoanue i?ioanneiiaeii. Aecian-ieai
iiaeao iiaanoe aan e aiaaonoao, a iiaeao e ane?uoue i?iaeaiu, eioi?ua au
niae?aeenue eaii?e?iaaoue. Ii ane?uoua i?iaaeu yoi aua ia iai?aiaeieeiua
i?aiyonoaey – yoi eeoue iiaiae e aeiiieieoaeueiui enneaaeiaaieyi,
iieo/aieth iiauo ciaiee e aieaa ouaoaeueiie ?aaioa, iieii ia yiooceaci e
i?iaeieaeaaiui aei oao ii?. iiea eioaeeaeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae oe?iu ia ?aoeo
iineaaeithth ec caaea/. Aecian -ieai – yoi na?aeoea ca?iaeaeathuaai
aeciana oe?iu.

Iniiaiua ?acaeaeu Aecian – ieaia:

Aaaaeaiea a aecian-ieai.

Eaeaioeoeeaoeey aeciana.

3. Oeaeue.

4. Iienaiea aeciana.

?uiie.

Eiieo?aioeey.

Iaiaaeaeiaio.

Nio?oaeieee.

Ianoiiieiaeaiea.

Oeiainiaua naaaeaiey.

Io/aoiinoue.

E?aoeia eceiaeaiea.

13. I?i/ea naaaeaiey.

25. Eiio?ieue ca oi?ie?iaaieai caiania.

Ninoiyiea ?aaiiaaney iaaeaeo ni?inii e i?aaeeiaeaieai, iaaeaeo
ecaea?aeeaie e aeioiaeii iaoiaeeo i?iyaeaiea a iae?iyeiiiieea a
?aaiiaanee iaaeaeo iauaiii i?iecaiaenoaa e niaieoiiuie ?anoiaeaie ia aai
nicaeaiea. Iauay eaeay oaeiai ?aaiiaaney i/aaeaeia. Yeiiiie/aneay
nenoaia iiaeao ?aaioaoue yooaeoeaii e noaaeeueii oieueei a oii neo/aa,
anee ana oiaa?u e oneoae, eioi?ua a iae i?iecaiaeyony, aoaeoo caeoieaiu
iieiinoueth. Eiuie neiaaie, anee ana ?anoiaeu, cao?a/aiiua ia
i?iecaiaenoai oiaa?ia, aoaeoo ieoiaoueny aeioiaeaie, iieo/aiiuie
ianaeaieai ca i?aaeinoaaeaiiua ?ano?nu. Aeaaea a no?aiao n ?acaeoie
?uii/iie no?oeoo?ie ?aaiiaaniue iauai i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeei auaaao
noaaeeueiui, iineieueeo caaeneo io oaeeo eciaiythueony oaeoi?ia, eae
iio?aaeaiea, naa?aaeaiea e iniaaiii eiaanoeoeee. Aio ii/aio ?aaiiaanea
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie nei?aa oi eaeaaeueiia ninoiyiea, e eioi?iio
no?aieony i?iecaiaenoai e aie?oa eioi?iai eieaaeaony. A ethaii neo/aa
yeiiiie/aneia ?aaiiaanea iiaeii ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue eae aeeiaie/aneee
ii?yaeie, a ia noaoe/aneia, oeene?iaaiiia ninoiyiea nenoaiu.

Iaeaieueoaa aicaeaenoaea ia ?aaiiaaniue iauai i?iecaiaenoaa
ieacuaaao eiaanoeoeeiiiay iieeoeea, iineieueeo iio?aaeaiea e naa?aaeaiea
inoathony aieaa onoie/eauie e iaeciaiiuie. Oai ia iaiaa, aeey aiaeeca
eciaiaiee ?aaiiaaniiai iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa iai iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue,
eae ana niaieoiiua ?anoiaeu, oae e naa?aaeaiey.

26. ?uii/iia i?iaeoe?iaaiea naaanoieiinoe.

Naaanoieiinoue oiaa?a yaeyaony iaeiie ec aaaeiaeoeo eaoaai?ee
?uii/iie yeiiiieee.

Naaanoieiinoue oiaa?a – yoi au?aaeaiiua a aeaiaaeiie oi?ia ana
cao?aou i?aaei?eyoey ia i?iecaiaenoai e ?aaeecaoeeth aeaiiiai oiaa?a.
Enoiaeiie aeey ?an/aoa naaanoieiinoe oiaa?a (oneoae) neoaeeo eioi?iaoeey
ia iauaia ?an/aoa, a eiaiii: i aauanoaaiiii niaea?aeaiee oiaa?a neoaeeo
eioi?iaoeey ia iauaeoa ?an/aoa, a eiaiii: i aauanoaaiiii niaea?aeaiee
oiaa?a, noieiinoe enoiaeiiai nu?uey, oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannao i?e
ecaioiaeaiee oiaa?a (io aeinoaaee nu?uey ia oe?io e aei ioa?ocee oiaa?a
iio?aaeoaeth), iniiaiie ca?aaioiie ieaoa, eioi?oth iaiaoiaeeii
caieaoeoue iaiin?aaenoaaiii ecaioiaeoaeth oiaa?a ia anao noaaeeyo
i?iecaiaenoaa, eniieueciaaiee yeaeo?iyia?aee, oiieeaa e i?i/eo
yia?aaoe/aneeo ?ano?nao, cao?aoao ia niaea?aeaiea
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oi?aaeai/aneiai e aniiiiaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa oe?iu,
eioi?ue iaiaoiaeei aeey iaania/aiey i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa,
iaycaoaeueiuo io/eneaieyo, iaeiaao, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue o/oaiu a
?an/aoao. Iieo/ea iaiaoiaeeioth eioi?iaoeeth, eee nai aecianiai, eee
niaoeeaeeno, i?eaea/aiiue aeey ?an/aoa naaanoieiinoe oiaa?a, iiaoo
ioeaieoue naaanoieiinoue aaeeieoeu oiaa?a eeai ii eaeueeoeyoeeiiiui
noaoueyi ?anoiaeia, eeai ii oe?oiiaiiui iieacaoaeyi. Yoa eioi?iaoeey
iicaieeo aecianiaio iiaeoiaoue iaae oai, eae niaa?oainoaiaaoue
i?iecaiaenoaaiiue i?ioeann ia oe?ia.

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