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Организация ремонтного обслуживания на НГДУ

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31

CI?NO

Anooi.

1. Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” oa ?aeiio
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o.

1.1.Aeiiii?/ia oa aaieiai-aaia?ao?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aeiio i?iaaaeaiiy
?ia?o.

1.2. Oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?iaieoeoaa

1.3. I?aai?caoe?eia ? ae?iaie/a no?oeoo?a IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”

2. Iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeeiiaiiy i?iaeoo.

2.1.Nenoaie ?aiiio?a.

2.2.Oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a.

2.3.Iaoiaee i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a iaeaaeiaiiy.

2.4.Niiniae ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy.

2.5.Oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa
i?aei?e?inoaa.

2.6.Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a ?yaeo aeeiai?ee.

2.7.Iieacieee aeey ioe?iee ??aiy i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ia
i?aei?e?inoa?.

2.8.Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

3. Aiae?c i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia IAAO
“Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”.

3.1.Aeeiai?ea IOAI i?aei?e?inoaa.

3.2.Aeeiai?ea ianya?a ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?.

3.3.Aiae?c a?aeiia?aeiino? i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
iniaeeainoyi ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?inoa?.

3.4.Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

4. Caoiaee ii oaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

4.1.Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie
?aaoethaaiiy neeaaeo noi?o? a oeee?iae?ao AIE-10 ia EN.

4.1.1. Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai caoiaeo.

4.1.2. ?ic?aooiie aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiaeo.

4.2.Nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? ?aiiio?a aa?aaao?a AIA oeyoii iiia?aaeaeaiiy
?o iieiiee anoaiiaeaiiyi nenoaie caoenoo ? ae?aaiinoeee ?aiiio?a.

4.2.1. ?ic?aooiie aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiaeo.

Aeniiaee.

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

ANOOI.

Ia i?ioyc? aaaaoueio ?ie?a iaooi-aaciaa i?iieneia?noue ?icaeaa?oueny
oaeaeeeie oaiiaie ? a aeaiee /an ? iaei??th c i?ia?aeieo aaeocae
aia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie. Caaacia/aiiy Oe?a?ie iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieie
iaoa??aeaie, a /ene? yeeo ? iaooa ? aac – iaiao?aeia oiiaa aeey
ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aeey oiai, uia caaacia/eoe aacia?a?ai?noue i?ioeano aeaeiaooeo iaooe oa
aaco iaiao?aei?: i?aaeeueia aenieoaoaoe?y, nai?/ania i?aai?caoe?y
?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aaoey?iee aeiaeyae ca iaeaaeiaiiyi,
caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ? ?iai/eo i?noeue iaoa??aeueieie ?ano?naie,
an?ia aeaeaie aia?a??, o?ainii?oii. Oaoi?/iee i?ia?an i?eaiaeeoue aei
ca?eueoaiiy aeiiii?aeieo ?ia?o, aei iineeaiiy ?o cia/eiino?.
I?aeaeuothoueny aeiiae aei iaaeyaeo ca iaeaaeiaiiyi eiai ?aiiioo ?
iaeaaiaeaeaiy.

A oiiaao ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa iaooiaaciai? i?iieneiaino? caeaaeaoue ia o?eueee
aaciina?aaeiuei a?ae iniiaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aea ? a?ae nenoaie eiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy. A oeueiio ieai? aaeeeiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? caaacia/aiiy
?aoe?iiaeueii? aenieoaoaoe?? iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a i?aei?e?inoaa
i?e i?i?iaeueieo cao?aoao. C oe??th iaoith ia i?aei?e?inoaao
noai?th?oueny ?aiiioia ainiiaea?noai. I?ioa aiii iio?aao?
oaeineiiaeaiiy. Iai?yieaie oaeiai aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe:
iiaeaeueoa niaoe?ae?caoe?y ?aiiioieo ?ia?o ii ie?aieo aeaeao,
aea?eueiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa iniiaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a?ae ooieoe?e
eai?oaeueieo ? na?aaei?o ?aiiio?a, aeaioiaeaiiy caianieo /anoei,
ianoaiaea?oiiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Iaoith iaienaiiy aeaiiai eo?niaiai i?iaeoo ? aea/aiiy ?iaioe ?aiiioiiai
ainiiaea?noaa IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”, aiae?c i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano ? ?ic?iaea caoiae?a ii iie?auaiith
i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o.

1. Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” oa ?aeiio
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o

1.1 Aeiiii?/ia oa aaieiai-aaia?ao?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea

?aeiio i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o.

I?aei?e?inoai “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” aeieeei aiane?aeie a?aee?eooy
iieeaae?a iaooe ia oa?eoi??? aeaiiai ?aeiio.

A 1771 ?. i?e iiaeeaeaii? nieyii? oaooe a Neiaiae? ?oiao?nuee?e ia
aeeaei? 25 i ii/aeeny aeoiaee iaooe a?ey 100 ea/aeiao. Aeaeiaooie iaooe
coiiaea aeieeiaiiy, a aeaiiio ?aeii? Iaaea??iyinueeiai OA?, yea
caeia?oueny ao??iiyi ?ica?aeoaaeueieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo naa?aeeiaei.

Iaaea??iyinueeiai OOO, yea caaacia/o? OA? ? IAAO oaoiieia?/iei
o?ainii?oii oa ia?aaiceoue ?ia?oiee?a ia ao?ia? ? ?iaeiaeua. A
Iaaea??i?e iiaoaeiaaii aeineoue iiooaeiee IIC, yeee ia?a?iaey? ne?iaeio
aeaiiai iaooii?iieneiaiai ?aeiio.

Iaaea??iyinueeee iaooii?iieneiaee ?aeii ? aaea aeineoue noa?ee ? oiio
??aaiue inai?iino? oa?eoi??? ? aenieee, ine?eueee ua a ieioeiio noie?oo?
?ic?iaeo ?iaeiaeu aaee ?iicaii? o??ie.

A 1944 ?. i?ney ca?eueiaiiy a?ae oaoenonueeeo ieoiaio?a aeey aeaeiaooeo
? ia?a?iaee iaooe aoa noai?aiee Aea?aeaaiee Nithciee iaooii?iienae 7
Aeoe?a. C oiai /ano a?aeaoeeny aeaye? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie ? ca?ac ?nio?
IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”. I?aei?e?inoai caeia?oueny aeaeiaooeii iaooe ?
eiiaeainaoo, aaco iiiooiiai ? i?e?iaeiiai. Cie?aia, a 1997 ?. aoei
aeaeiaooi:

– iaooe – 177740 o,

– eiiaeainaoo – 4660 o,

– aaco iiiooiiai ? i?e?iaeiiai-233404 oen. i. eoa.

Eiaeiiai ?ieo aeaeiaooie iaooe oa aaco a aeaiiio ?aeii? cieaeo?oueny, ui
iia’ycaii c aeniaaeaiiyi ieano?a, ?c ciaioaiiyi ia’?i?a
aenieoaoaoe?eiiai oa iiooeiai-?ica?aeoaaeueiiai ao??iiy. Nueiaiaei? IAAO
?ic?iaey? 17 iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu ia oa?eoi??? a?ae E?iieoe? aei
Na?aoa.

A aaia?ao?/iiio a?aeiioaii? iaooii?iieneiaee ?aeii ?icoaoiaaiee a iaaeao
i?ai?/ii-no?aeiiai noeeo oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao a aeieei? ?.Aeno?eoey
Iaaea??iyinueea. ??ea ae?eeoue eiai ia aea? /anoeie: i?ai?/ii-cao?aeio ?
i?ai?/ii-no?aeio.

I?ai?/ii-cao?aeia /anoeia ? aiaei?icae?eii ??e Aeno?eoey,
Iaaea??iyinueea ? Nieioaeinueea. I?ai?/ii-no?aeia ? i?ai?/iei noeeii
aiaei?icae?eii ??e Aeno?eoey Iaaea??iyinueea ? I?oo. Aiaei?icae?ee
iathoue aenioo a na?aaeiueiio aei 1000 i ? ia?aoiaeyoue /a?ac cia/iee
aenooi a I?eea?iaonueeo ??aieio c aenioith caiii? iiaa?oi? aei 500 i.

A iaaeao Iaaea??iyinueeiai ?aeiio a oaia??oi?e /an ?ic?iaey?oueny
Aa?oiuei-Eoeaeinueea, Aeiaaooainueea, Ii?anueea, Aeoe?anueea oa ?io?
?iaeiaeua. A ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie ea?iaonueeeie iaooiaeie ?
iaooiaaciiinieie ?iaeiaeuaie, iaea?eueo ?ioaineaia iane/aiiy ?ic??co
iaooiaeie ? aaciaeie iieeaaeaie niinoa??aa?oueny a iaaeao
Aeoe?a-Aaa/einueeiai ? Ian?/ainueeiai ?iaeiaeu. Ooo iieeaaee iaooe ?
aaco aeyaeai? a aa?oiueie?aeaeiaeo a?aeeeaaeao Aeoe?anueeiai iie?eao.

A?ae aeeaeie caeyaaiiy ieanoa, i?oeiino? ii??ae, aeaa?oo naa?aeeiaei,
yeino? iaooe caeaaeeoue oa?aeoa? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace oi?aae?iiy.

1.2. Oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?iaieoeoaa

Ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/ia aaca i?aei?e?inoaa – oea eiiieaen oaoiieia?/iiai,
aia?aaoe/iiai, o?ainii?oiiai oa ?ioeo aeae?a iaeaaeiaiiy, ?ino?oiaio?a ?
i?eeaaeaey, aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae, iaiao?aeieo aeey cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano
ae?iaieoeoaa. I?ae aieeaii iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano a ?icaeoeo
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace oi?aae?iiy a?aeaoaathoueny iino?ei? ci?ie:
aaiaeyoueny iia? ae?th/? iaoeie ? iaeaaeiaiiy, iino?eii
oaeineiiaeththoueny oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane ae?iaieoeoaa.

Noai iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace oi?aae?iiy “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” iiaeia
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe c aeiiiiiaith nenoaie oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a,
aeeth/ath/e ioe?ieo ??aiy oaoi?ee, i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa,
aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a oa ?i. Ieaioaaiiy oeeo iieaciee?a
caniiaaia ia ?ic?aooieo ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae.

Ae?iaie/a iiooaei?noue oi?aae?iiy – oea iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee ??/iee
ia’?i ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a aecia/ai?e iiiaieeaoo?? ? ani?oeiaio?.

A IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” ani?oeiaioiee neeaae i?iaeoeoe?? oaeee:
iaooa ? eiiaeainao, aac iiiooiee ? aac i?e?iaeiee.

I?ioa c eiaeiei ?ieii iaooiaaciiini? ieanoe aeniaaeothoueny ? aeaeiaooie
ciaioo?oueny. Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee aeaeiaooie a 1997 ?. neeaa 1076 o.

Caaaeii a 1997 ?. aoei a?aei?aoeueiaaii ii iaooiaeo naa?aeeiaeiao 39
na.-i?n., a ii aaciaeo 10.3.

Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo oeyo?a iie?auaiiy aeei?enoaiiy /ano ?iaioe
iaeaaeiaiiy. Iniaeeai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy
oiiaeo naa?aeeiaei, iaoei ? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aeaeiaooeo iaooe ? aaco.

A aeaiee /an IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” ?ic?iaey? 12 iaooiaeo ? 5
aacieiiaeainaoieo ?iaeiaeu. Ae?th/ee oiiae ia 01.01.98 ?. neeaa 311
iaooiaeo ? 14 aaciaeo naa?aeeiaei.

?ic?iaea an?o ?iaeiaeu aaaeaoueny ca?aeii i?iaeo?a ? oaoiieia?/ieo noai.
Iaeiei c iaea?eueoeo ? iaenoa??oeo ?iaeiaeu ? Aeoe?a. Iniiaiei ia’?eoii
?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeua ? iai?e?oiaeo iieeaae neeaaeee “Aeeaeia”. Iieeaae
aenieoaoo?oueny 130 naa?aeeiaeiaie. Aeaa?oe iaooe eieeaathoueny a iaaeao
0,03-22,3 o/ aeiao, aaciaee oaeoi? a?ae 200 aei 5556 i eoa./ o.
Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee aeaeiaooie iaooe ia e?iaoeue ?ieo neeaa 156 o/ aeiao.

Ia Eoeaeinueeiio ?iaeiaeu? ?icoaoiaaii 44 naa?aeeiaeie, ia ?iaeiaeu?
Eiiooia -4 na., ye? aeaee a 1997 ?. 32.5 oen. o. iaooe ? 12.03 iei. i.
eoa. iiiooiueiai aaco. E??i oeueiai a aeaiiio iaooiaiio ?aeii? ?ici?uai?
?iaeiaeua Ii?a, Ieeoee/ei, ?oaeaaaoeue (5 naa?aeeiaei), Aeiaaooainueea.
Ia ?iaeiaeu? Aeno?eoey ?icoaoiaaii 34 naa?aeeiaeie.

?iaeiaeua Ian?/ia a?aee?eoi a 1970 ?. ? ? iaeiei c iiaeo ?iaeiaeu. A
aeaiee /an a eiai aenieoaoaoe?eiiio oiiae? ? 9 naa?aeeiaei.

Aei aacieiiaeainaoieo ?iaeiaeu a?aeiinyoue: Einia/, ?in?eueia,
Iiianoe?/aie, Neaaeoeueea, I?aaeaiiee Aa?cae.

Aieiaio /anoeio anueiai oiiaeo naa?aeeiaei neeaaea? aenieoaoaoe?eiee
oiiae, yeee aeeth/a? ae?th/? ? aacae?th/? naa?aeeiaeie. A oaaeeoe? 1.2
aeathoueny aeaye? aeai? i?i ae?th/ee oiiae naa?aeeiaei a IAAO
“Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”. Ca?aeii oaaeeoe? 1.2. aenieoaoaoe?eiee oiiae
iaooiaeo naa?aeeiaei neeaaea? 312 naa?aeeiaei, a aaciaeo 14 naa?aeeiaei.
Aeaeiaooie iaooe c aeaieo naa?aeeiaei aaaeaoueny o?ueiia niiniaaie:
oiioaiiei, aace?ooiei oa ooaiaiaei aeeaeiieie ianinaie. Oiioaiiee niin?a
aeaeiaooeo aeei?enoiao?oueny ia?aaaaeii ia iiaeo ?iaeiaeuao aea
ieanoiai? aia?a?? aeinoaoiuei aeey i?aeeiio iaooe c naa?aeeiaeie. I?e
aace?ooiiio niinia? aac, yeee iaai?oa?oueny c iiaa?oi?, aai iinooi c
ieanoa, aaiaeeoueny a iio?e i?iaeoeoe?? naa?aeeiaeie. Ia ?iaeiaeuao
aenieoaoaoe?y aaaeaoueny ye eiii?ani?iei, oae ? aaceiii?ani?iei
niiniaaie.

Oaaeeoey 1.1 – Iieacieee aeaeiaooeo iaooe ? aaco ca 1997 ??e

IIEACIEEECIA*AIIss1. Aeaeiaooie iaooe ? eiiaeainaoo, o1824002.
Aeaeiaooie aaco, oen. i eoa.233404- aaco iiiooiiai120064- aaco
i?e?iaeiiai1133403. Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee aeaeiaooie, o1076a)iaooe ?
eiiaeainaoo, o459a)aaco, anueiai, oen. i eoa.617- aaco iiiooiiai311-
aaco i?e?iaeiiai3064. Naa?aeeiaeii-i?nyoe? a?aei?aoeueiaai?

aaciaeo naa?aeeiaei, na.-i?n.10.3

5. Naa?aeeiaeii-i?nyoe? a?aei?aoeueiaaii

Iaooiaeo naa?aeeiaei396. Eiao?oe??io aenieoaoaoe??0.9847. Eiao?oe??io
aeei?enoaiiy aenieoaooe??iiai iaooiaiai oiiaeo0. 978

Oaaeeoey 1.2- Oiiae naa?aeeiaei a IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” ca 1997 ?.

IieacieeeOiiae naa?aeeiaei

IaooiaeoAaciaeo1. Ae?th/ee oiiae31114-aeath/eo iaooo31014-a
i?inoi?1-2.Aacae?th/ee oiiae,anueiai1-3. A inai?ii? i?ney
ao??iiy–4.Aenieoaoaoe?eiee312145. Iaai?oaeuei?38126.Eiio?ieuei?56-7.
Aeaaacaoe?ei?13-

E??i oiai, oe?iei canoiniaothoueny aeeaeii? ianine, cie?aia ia
Aeiaaooainueeiio ?iaeiaeu?, ia Aeoe?anueeiio, a Ian?/i?e.

Aeey ieaioaaiiy ? aiae?co aeei?enoaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eiiai oiiaeo a /an?
canoiniaothoueny aeaa eiao?oe??ioa: aeei?enoaiiy naa?aeeiaei ?
aenieoaoaoe??. I?e oeueiio /an ?iaioe ? i?inoith naa?aeeiaei ieaiothoue
? a?aoiaothoue a naa?aeeiaeii-i?nyoeyo.

Ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/ia aaca IAAO, e??i oiiaeo naa?aeeiaei, aeeth/a? ? ?ioa
iaeaaeiaiiy.

Noaiii ia 1.01.98 ?. a IAAO ciaoiaeeeinue a aenieoaoaoe?? 163 onoaiiaee
i?eaiaeo ooaiaiaeo ianin?a, 282 oiioaii? a?iaoo?e, eiii?ani?ia noaioe?y
c o?noueia aacieiii?ani?aie 10AEI2-50/250, aea? aei/i? eouia? ianini?
noaioe?? oa ?ioa iaeaaeiaiiy.

Noai iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace IAAO oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia o?eueee
/eneii, noaiaiai iaoai?caoe?? oa aaoiiaoecaoe?? iayaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, a
e aia?aiiane/ai?noth ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aaciina?aaeiuei aeaeo?iaia?a?y ia ia’?eoe iaooiaaciaeaeiaooeo
i?aeaiaeeoueny aeaeo?ie?i?yie iai?oaith 35/04 eA /a?ac iiieaeoth/?
o?ainoi?iaoi?i? i?aenoaioe?? ii ?aae?aeuei?e noai?. Aeey iaea?eueo
a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ia’?eo?a – eiii?ani?ia noaioe?y, OOOe “Ian?/ia”,
iaooia? ?iaeiaeua Aei?a Aeiaaooainueea-cae?enith?oueny iinoa/aiiy
aeaeo?iaia?a??th a?ae aeaio iacaeaaeieo aeaea?ae: OI 35/6 eA, Ian?/ia-OI
35/6 eA, 5 EIN-2.

A oaaeeoe? 1.3 aeathoueny aeai? i?i iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aia?aicaaacia/aiiy
ia’?eo?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia aaeain? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Oaieiaia?aaoe/ia ainiiaea?noai neeaaea?oueny c 7 eioaeaiue, aea
anoaiiaeaii 18 eioe?a:

AAA- 4/13-2 oo., IEI 23-2 oo. ,

AAA- 2/13-2 oo., A -1/9-6 oo.,

IEAI-4/13-2 oo., AeEA? – 4 oo.

Oaaeeoey 1.3 Iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aia?aicaaacia/aiiy

Iaeaaeiaiiy

E?euee?noue

1. O?ainoi?iaoi?i? i?aenoaioe??

35/6-10eA,oo.7 35/0.4 eA,oo.1 6/0.4-10/0.4eA,oo.1052. E?i??
aeaeo?iia?aaea/ iai?oaith

35eA, ei41 6-10eA, ei96 0.4eA, ei108

Ia aia?aiiinoa/aiiy oi?aae?iiy aieeaa? iaiaa?oioiaaia iaiaaeaiiy
aeaeo?iaia?a??th, iacaaeia?eueia iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy,
ianoa/a eioo?a aeey cai?ie canoa??eiai iaeaaeiaiiy, aeey eoi?ae? a?eueo
i?iaeoeoeaieo i?aenoaioe?e, aeey iieaoe ai?a?a ca aeei?enoaio
aeaeo?iaia?a?th.

Aaeeea oaaaa a IAAO i?eae?ey?oueny ai?iaaaeaeaiith iiaeo ? iino?eia
oaeineiiaeaiiy noa?eo iaoiae?a ? nenoai ?ic?iaee iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo
?iaeiaeu.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaooia?aeaea/? ieano?a a oi?aae?ii? aeei?enoiao?oueny
a?ae?iaeeiai?/iee iaoiae, a naia, oi?niaaiee a?aea?? ??aeeie ia
?iaeiaeu? Aa?cae, i?iaiaeeoueny eiioo?ia caea/ea aiaee ia ?iaeiaeuao
Aeoe?a oa Aa?cae. Aeei?enoiao?oueny oaeiae oaieiaee iaoiae – caea/ea
aa?y/i? aiaee ia ?iaeiaeu? Eoeaa. I?iaeiaaeothoue oe?iei canoiniaoaaoe
a?ae?i?ic?ea ieanoa. Oeae iaoiae iie?auo? oiiae aeey i?eoieo iaooe aei
naa?aeeiaeie ? i?eeiaeuei?noue iaai?oaeueieo naa?aeeiaei. I?ney
i?iaaaeaiiy a?ae?i?ic?eao, aeaa?o naa?aeeiaei ca?eueoo?oueny a 1.5-2
?ace. E??i oiai, i?iaiaeeoueny eeneioia ia?iaea ieano?a nieyiith oa
n??/aiith eeneioith. Iniiaia caaea/a eeneioii? ia?iaee-ooai?aiiy aeeaiei
i?iieeath/eo a ieano eaiae?a ?ic’?aeaiiy, c’?aeioth/eo aea?e
naa?aeeiaeie c iane/aieie iaooith ? aacii ae?eyieaie ieanoa.

Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny oaeineiiaeaiith nenoai cai?o,
o?ainii?ooaaiiy ? i?aeaioiaee iaooe ? aaco. A IAAO aeei?enoiao?oueny
iai??ia nenoaia cai?o, yea caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue eiiieaenii?
aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano ? iaeaea iiai?noth aeeeth/a? ao?aoe eaaeeo
aoaeaaiaei?a. A oaeeo nenoaiao aeei?enoiaothoue a?oiia? cai??i?
onoaiiaee, a oiio /ene? ? aaoiiaoeciaai?. I?iaeoeoe?y naa?aeeiaei c
Aeoe?anueeiai, Aa?caeaoeueeiai, I?aaeaiii-Aa?caeaoeueeiai,
Aeiaaooainueeiai oa ?ioeo ?iaeiaeu iinooia? ia a?oiia? cai?e, a c
aacieiiaeainaoieo ?iaeiaeu Einia/ ? ?in?eueia – ia OION a Einia/?, aea
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?? iiae?e ia ??aeeo ? aaciiiae?aio oace.

Ne?a iaooa c a?oiiaeo onoaiiaie iai??ieie o?oaii?iaiaeaie iinooia? ia
OOO a Ian?/i?e, a c Eiiooiyinueeiai ?iaeiaeua aeinoaaey?oueny ia AO
“Iaooio?i?e I?eea?iaooy”. I?aeaioiaea i?e?iaeiiai aaco i?iaiaeeoueny ia
onoaiiaoe? iecueei-oaiia?aoo?ii? naia?aoe?? (OION).

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui noai iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace neaaeee,
ae?iaie/a iiooaei?noue iaaea?, niaoe?ae?noe oi?aae?iiy ciaoiaeyoue oeyoe
? iiaeeeaino? aeey oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy oi?aae?iiy, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiai? oaoi?ee ? i?ia?aneaii? oaoiieia??, ye? aeicaieythoue iie?aueoe
oiiae i?aoe? ? i?aeaeueoe ?? i?iaeoeoeai?noue, caeiiiieoe iaoa??aeuei?
?ano?ne.

1.3. I?aai?caoe?eia ? ae?iaie/a no?oeoo?a IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”

I?ae ae?iaie/ith no?oeoo?ith ?icoi?thoue noeoii?noue aioo??ae?iaie/eo
i?ae?icae?e?a ? neoaea oi?aae?iiy, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ? aca?iica’ycie i?ae
ieie. Aaaeeeaei iieacieeii, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? ae?iaie/o no?oeoo?o
oi?aae?iiy, ? e?euee?noue oeao?a (ae?eyiie oa ?ioeo i?ae?icae?e?a) ? ?o
cia/aiiy o ae?iaieoeoa?. A IAAO o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeeiioaaieie
ooieoe?yie aeae?eythoue iniiaia ? aeiiii?aeia ae?iaieoeoai. Iniiaia
ioiieth? i?ioeane,aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c aeaioiaeaiiyi i?iaeoeoe??.
Aeiiii?aeia caaacia/o? ii?iaeuei? oiiae aeey aacia?aa?eiiai aeioneo
i?iaeoeoe?? i?ae?icae?eaie iniiaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Oeaoe aeaeiaooeo iaooe ? aaco ?? ? ?2, ye? i?aeii?yaeeiaothoueny
oeaio?aeuei?e ?iaeaia?i?e neoaea? (Oe?ON), caeiathoueny caaacia/aiiyi
?ic?iaee iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaoiieia?/iei
i?iaeoii ?ic?iaee, caaacia/o? ?iaioo aenieoaoaoe?eieo ? eiio?ieueieo
naa?aeeiaei, ianeoaiao? ? cae?enith? iioi/iee ?aiiio iacaiiiai
iaooii?iieneiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy, cae?enith? eiio?ieue ca i?iaaaeaiiyi
?ia?o ii cae?i/aiith naa?aeeiaei ao??iiyi ? eai?oaeueiei ?aiiioii oa
aieeao ia i?eaea?eio ciio ieanoa.

Oeao i?aeo?eiaiiy ieanoiaiai oeneo (OeIIO) caeia?oueny

-i?aeo?eiaiiyi ieanoiaiai oeneo ia ?iaeiaeuao oeyoii caea/ee ?iai/eo
aaaio?a a ieano;

-caaacia/aiiyi oeao?a ii aeaeiaooeo iaooe ? aaco aacii aenieiai oeneo
aeey aace?ooii? aenieoaoaoe?? naa?aeeiaei;

-aacia?aa?eiei caaacia/aiiyi niiaeeaa/?a oaoi?/iith aiaeith ? naeeua
Aeoe?a ieoiith aiaeith;

-cae?enith? caea/eo ?iai/eo aaaio?a a ieano o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
oaoiieia?/ieie ?aaeeiaie;

-caaacia/o? ?iaioo iaai?oaeueieo naa?aeeiaei oa ?ioeo ae?iaie/eo
ia’?eo?a;

-aaaea iae?e, oaoi?/io aenieoaoaoe?th oa ianii?oecaoe?th iaeaaeiaiiy
oeaoo.

Ae?eueieoey i?aeaioiaee ? ia?aea/ee iaooe caeia?oueny i?aeaioiaeith ?
ooee?caoe??th i?aeoiaa?ieo aiae, ianeoaiao? cae??ieaia ca ae?eueieoeath
iaeaaeiaiiy, caaacia/o? oaieiiinoa/aiiy ia’?eo?a ae?eueieoe? no?oeoo?ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a, ui aei ieo i?eeyaathoue. Ae?eueieoey i?ieaoo ? ?aiiioo
aenieoaoaoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, yea aoiaeeoue aei aeiiii?aeiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny aieiaiiio iaoai?eo.

Iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi ae?eueieoe? ?:

-aeeiiaiiy caiiaeaiue ia aeaioiaeaiiy ? ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy, caianieo
/anoei oa aeaoaeae aei iaeaaeiaiiy;

-i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiio?a eioaeueieo aa?aaao?a, iaeaaeiaiiy aaciaiai
ainiiaea?noaa oa naa?aeeiaeiieo ianin?a;

-i?iaaaeaiiy aeaoaeoineii?? iaooii?iieneiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Ae?eueieoey i?ieaoo ? ?aiiioo aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy oa aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy
i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny aieiaiiio aia?aaoeeo. Aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi
ae?eueieoe? ? aacia?aa?eia iinoa/aiiy ae?iaie/eo ia’?eo?a
aeaeo?iaia?a??th, oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy nai?/aniiai ?
ye?niiai ?aiiioo aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy, aeaeo?iia?aae ? i?aenoaioe?e.

Ae?eueieoey i?aecaiiiai ? eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo naa?aeeiaei (I?E?N)
i?iaiaeeoue nai?/aniee ? ye?niee ?aiiio aenieoaoaoe?eieo ? iaai?oaeueieo
naa?aeeiaei, i?iaiaeeoue caoiaee ii ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aeaeiaooeo iaooe ?
aaco ? i?aeaeuaiiy i?eeiaeueiino? iaai?oaeueieo naa?aeeiaei,
aei?iaoaaiiy iiaeo c?ace?a aeeaeiiiai iaeaaeiaiiy a naa?aeeiaeiao.

A?oia c aeine?aeaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny oaoiieia?/iiio
a?aeae?eo. Aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi a?oie ? i?iaaaeaiiy aaieiai-i?iieneiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue anueiai oiiaeo naa?aeeiaei, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa
?ioi?iaoeaiino? ae?th/eo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
naa?aeeiaei.

Eaai?aoi??y i?iieneiai? o?i?? i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny aieiaiiio ?iaeaia?o.
Eaai?aoi??y caaacia/o? aeeiiaiiy aiae?co ia i?eeiaeueii-caeaaaeueieo
iia?aoe?yo, ?ioeo aeae?a aiae?co, iaiao?aeiiai aeey cae?eniaiiy
eiio?ieth oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio.

An? i?ae?icae?ee iniiaiiai ? aeiiii?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a iaeaaei?e i???
caaacia/ai? ye oaoi?/ieie, oae ? o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie. Oaea ae?iaie/a
no?oeoo?a caaacia/o? ii?iaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy IAAO
“Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”.

Oni?oia ?iaioa ae?iaieoeoaa a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae /?oeino?
iiaoaeiae i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ? ?iciiae?eo eiea
iaia’yce?a eiaeii? eaiee no?oeoo?e.

A no?oeoo?? oi?aae?iiy aeae?eythoue iniiai? neoaeae: caaaeueia ?
aaei?i?no?aoeaia ea??aieoeoai; aeiiii?/io, oaoi?/io, ae?iaie/o,
o?iainiao oa ?io? neoaeae.

Aaaeeeaa ?iaioa ii oi?aae?iith – i?aai?caoe?y aaciina?aaeiuei
ae?iaieoeoaa ? oaoi?/ia ea??aieoeoai ii aaeineiiaeaiith
oaoi?ee,oaoiieia??. ?? cae?enith? neoaeaa aieiaiiai ?iaeaia?a. Aieiaiee
?iaeaia? ea?o? ?iaioith an?o ae?iaie/eo oeao?a, eaai?aoi??e oa
eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ath?i, a?aeiia?aea? ca i?iaaaeaiiy ca i?iaaaeaiiy
i?aaeeueii? oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee a IAAO.

Iniaeea? ooieoe?? a oi?aae?ii? ae?iaieoeoaii aeeiio? aaieia?/iee
a?aeae?e, yeee i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny aieiaiiio aaieiao. Aieiaiei
caaaeaiiyi oeueiai a?aeae?eo ? aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee
?iaeiaeu, eiio?ieth? aeeiiaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ia?aaeaa/aieo i?iaeoii
?ic?iaee.

Aeiiii?/i? neoaeae IAAO i/ieth? canooiiee ia/aeueieea ii aeiiii?oe?,
yeee cae?enith? ea??aieoeoai ?iaioaie ii aiae?co ? ieaioaaiith
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? oi?aae?iiy ii iaea?eueo iiaiiio
aeei?enoaiith iaoa??aeueieo, o?oaeiaeo ? a?ioiaeo ?ano?n?a.

Aeey i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy ?iaioaie ii eai?oaeueiiio aoae?aieoeoao a
oi?aae?ii? ? a?aeae?e eaiaoae?aieoeoaa ? i?iaeoii-eiooi?enia ath?i, a
oaeiae aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeiee oeao, yeee aeeiio? an? ?iaioe ii
eaiaoae?aieoeoao. Ooieoe?? oeeo a?aeae?e?a iieyaathoue a ieaioaaii? an?o
?ia?o ii eaiaoae?aieoeoao, aecia/aiiy niinia?a ?o aeeiiaiiy,
caaacia/aiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai aaaeaiiy oeeo ?ia?o.

Aaaeeeaith oiiaith caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy
IAAO ? i?aaeeueiee ?iciiae?e ? eii?aeeiaoe?y i?aoe? niaoe?ae?no?a ?
neoaeaiaoe?a, caaacia/aiiy i?aaeeueiiai i?aeai?o oa aeei?enoaiiy
oi?aae?inueeeo eaae??a ia iniia? /?oeiai ?iciiae?eo iaia’yce?a,
i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? aeeiiaaoe?a, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaii?
nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe? a IAAO.

2.Iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeeiiaiiy i?iaeoo.

2.1. Nenoaie ?aiiio?a.

A i?ioean? ae?iaie/iai aeei?enoaiiy ie?ai? /anoeie cania?a i?aoe?
(iaoei, aa?noao?a, iaoai?ci?a) ciioothoueny ? iinooiiai ao?a/athoue
naith caeaoi?noue aeeiioaaoe a?aeiia?aei? ooieoe??. A?aeiiaeaiiy ?o
i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii
?aiiioo, i?aai?caoe?y yeiai iiaeiia aooe iia’ycaia c ?aoe?iiaeueiith
aenieoaoaoe??th ? aeiaeyaeii ca iaeaaeiaiiyi. Iniiao aeey oeueiai ia
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao neeaaea? nenoaia oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa
?aiiioo iniiaieo oiiae?a.

A i?aeoeoe? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy cono??/athoueny aea? nenoaie
?aiiio?a: nenoaia oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ieaiiaeo ?aiiio?a oa
nenoaia ?aiiio?a ii iio?aaao.

I?ae nenoaiith oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ieaiiaeo ?aiiio?a (OI ? I?)
?icoi?thoue noeoii?noue caieaiiaaieo caoiae?a ii aeiaeyaeo, iaaeyaeo oa
?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy. Nenoaia OI ? I? aeeth/a?: oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
iioi/iee ?aiiio (I?) oa eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio (E?).

OI yaey? niaith eiiieaen caoiae?a /e iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith oa
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ? ni?aaiino? ae?iao i?e eiai aeei?enoaii? ca
i?ecia/aiiyi, i?e i/?eoaaii?, caa??aaii? ? o?ainii?ooaaii?. Aiii
i?iaiaeeoueny c iaoith iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?ia?anoth/iai ciino aeaoaeae ?
niieo/aiue oeyoii nai?/aniiai i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaoethaaeueieo ?ia?o,
ciauoaaiiy, aeyaeaiiy aeaoaeo?a oa ?o onoiaiiy. A neeaae OI aoiaeeoue
eiio?ieue oaoi?/iiai noaio, i/euaiiy, ciauoaaiiy, cai?ia ie?aieo
neeaaeiaeo /anoei aai ?o ?aaoethaaiiy c iaoith iiia?aaeaeaiiy
iioeiaeaeaiue, a oaeiae /anoeia ?ia?o ii onoiaiith iioeiaeaeaiue.

Ne?ae ?ic??ciyoe ia??iaee/i? oa naciii? OI. Ia??iaee/ia OI aeeiio?oueny
/a?ac anoaiiaeai? a aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeieoiaioao ?ioa?aaeo /ano. Naciiia
OI i?iaiaeeoueny c iaoith i?aeaioiaee ae?iao aei aeei?enoaiiy a
naciii-e?oi?o oiiaao. Naciiia OI i?iaiaeeoueny o?eueee aeey ae?ia?a, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ?noioieo ci?iao iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
i?ioyaii ?ieo.

OI iaeaaeiaiiy ii ia’?eoao, ui iathoue aenieoaoaoe?eiee ia?niiae,
i?iaiaeeoueny neeaie oeueiai ia?niiaeo, a ia ia’?eoao, ui ia iathoue
iino?eiiai ia?niiaeo, i?iaiaeeoueny neeaie eiiieaenieo a?eaaae
?aiiioiee?a aace ae?iaie/iai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Eiiieaen ?ia?o i?e OI ?aaeaiaioo?oueny ?ino?oeoe?yie ii aenieoaoaoe??,
ye? ?ic?iaeythoue caaiaee-aeaioiaethaa/? iaeaaeiaiiy. Iioi/iee ?aiiio
cae?enith?oueny a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? c iaoith aa?aioiaaiiai
caaacia/aiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? iaeaaeiaiiy. I?e I? i?iaiaeeoueny /anoeiaa
?icai?ea iaeaaeiaiiy, ?aiiio ie?aieo aoce?a aai cai?ia ciioaieo
aeaoaeae, cai?ea, ?aaoethaaiiy oa aei?iaoaaiy ca?aeii ?ino?oeoe?? ii
aenieoaoaoe??. O? aocee, ui aeiaaathoue ?aiiioo, cai?iththoue
cacaeaeaa?aeue a?ae?aiiioiaaieie ?c ?aca?ao aace ae?iaie/iai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy (AAI).

I? ia i?noe? aenieoaoaoe?? cae?enith?oueny neeaie eiiieaenieo a?eaaae
AAI, a i?e iaiao?aeiino? caeo/a?oueny ? aenieoaoaoe?eiee ia?niiae. I?,
ui aeiaaathoue canoinoaaiiy niaoe?aeueii? inianoee oa iaeaaeiaiiy,
i?iaiaeyoueny ia AAI, /e oeaio?aeueieo AAI.

E? i?iaiaeeoueny c iaoith a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa ?ano?no
iaeaaeiaiiy. I?e E? i?iaiaeeoueny iiaia ?ic?iaea iaeaaeiaiiy, iieea oa
aeaoaeoaoe?y aeaoaeae oa aoce?a, ?aiiio, cai?ea, ?aaoethaaiiy,
aei?iaoaaiiy i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyi oa oa?aoaaiiy. E? i?iaiaeeoueny
iae/ano?oa ia oeaio?aeueieo AAI ia’?aeiaiue aai ia niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
?aiiioii-iaoai?/ieo caaiaeao. Iaeaaeiaiiy a?aei?aaey?oueny ia E? ca?aeii
c ieaiii-a?ao?eii ?aiiio?a.

Nenoaia ?aiiio?a ii iio?aaao oaeiae iiaea cono??/aoenue ia i?aeoeoe?.
?? nooue iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy i?iaiaeeoueny o?eueee
oiae?, eiee oeueiai aeiaaa? eiai oaoi?/iee noai, eiee aeaeueoa
aenieoaoaoe?y noa? iaiiaeeeaith /a?ac ciioai?noue. Oae nenoaia ia? ?yae
iaaeie?e?a, ui cieaeo? ?? aoaeoeai?noue oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy. Na?aae ieo
ne?ae aeae?eeoe: a?aenooi?noue cae?i/aii? nenoaie ieaioaaiiy ?aiiioo
iaeaaeiaiiy, a?aenooi?noue i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, ui iiia?aaeaeoaaee a
?ioaineaiee ciin aeaoaeae, i?ia?aneaia iia??oaiiy a i?ioean?
aenieoaoaoe?? noaio iaeaaeiaiiy oa eiai oaoi?/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?,
ciaioaiiy noaiaiiy iaae?eiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? iaeaaeiaiiy a
?acoeueoao? ?ioaineaiiai ciino aeaoaeae, iaaecia/ai?noue oa?i?i?a
coieiee iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?aiiio, ui ia aea? iiaeeeaino? ieaioaaoe ?aiiioi?
?iaioe.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai oaeo nenoaio ?aiiio?a ia iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey
oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy. Aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?? iiaeia o?eueee o aeeiyoeiaeo
aeiaaeeao, eiee i?yeiai cai?iiiai oiiaeiiaeaaeiaiiy oa caianieo /anoei
ia i?aei?e?inoa? iaia? ? eiee oea noino?oueny ae?oai?yaeieo aeae?a
iaeaaeiaiiy, coieiea yeeo ia ?aiiio ia iiaea iicia/eoenue ia ?iaio?
i?aei?e?inoaa.

2.2. Oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae eiie?aoieo oiia ae?iaieoeoaa (iayai?noue ?aiiioii?
aace, a?aeaeaeai?noue a?ae niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ?aiiioieo aac) i?aai?caoe?y
?aiiioieo ?ia?o iiaea cae?enithaaoenue a o?ueio oi?iao:

1. Oeaio?ae?ciaaia oi?ia i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a.

I?e oeaio?ae?ciaai?e oi?i? oi?aae?iiy ?aiiioiei ainiiaea?noaii an?
aeaee ?aiiioieo ?ia?o oa aeaioiaeaiiy caianieo /anoei i?iaiaeyoueny ia
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ?aiiioieo aacao, niaoe?ae?ciaaii-?aiiioii-iaoai?/ieo
caaiaeao, oeaio?aeueii-?aiiioii-iaoai?/ieo iaenoa?iyo, oeaio?aeueieo
AAI. I?e oeueiio niaoe?ae?ciaai? ?aiiioi? a?eaaaee i?iaiaeyoue ye
?aiiioe, oae ? i?ae?aiiioia ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Ia?aaaae oe??? oi?ie:

1. aoaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy ia?aaeiai? oaoiieia?? oa no/anieo aeinyaiaiue
i?aeoeee i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o;

2. iiaia ? ??aiii??ia caaaioaaeaiiy ?aiiioieo aac iacaeaaeii a?ae
iiaiaei?o oiia oa ia??iaeo ?ieo;

3. ??aiii??ia ?ici?uaiiy ?aiiioieo aac ii iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?aeiiao;

4. ii?iaeuei? oiiae ii i?aeaeuaiith eaae?o?eaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a;

5. i?aeaeuaiiy niaoe?ae?caoe?? oa eiiia?oaaiiy ii aeaioiaeaith aeaoaeae
aoce?a, aeeiiaiith ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo iia??oe?e;

6. i?aeaeuaiiy II oa cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? ?aiiioieo oa ?ioeo ?ia?o;

7. nei?i/aiiy ieaiiaeo no?ie?a i?inoith iaeaaeiaiiy a ?aiiio?.

Ioaea, oeaio?ae?ciaaia oi?ia i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a aea? iiaeeea?noue
e?aua i?aai?ciaoaaoe ?iai/? i?noey, inianoeoe ?o iaiao?aeiei
iaeaaeiaiiyi, ui caaacia/eoue i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiioo ia aenieiio oaoi?/iiio
??ai?.

Aea aeaia oi?ia ia? aeaa aeineoue ?noioi? iaaeie?ee. Oea aaeee?
cao?aoe /ano oa a?ioiaeo eioo?a ia aeinoaaeo iaeaaeiaiiy ia ?aiiioio
aaco ? iacaae, iaiiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiio?a aaeeeiaaaa?eoiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy a cae?eoeo i?ei?uaiyo. Iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui oeth
oi?io aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe, eiee ?aiiioi? aace ?ici?uaii?
a?aeiinii iaaeaeaei oa eiee i?aei?e?inoai ia? iaeaaeiee oiiae caianiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy.

2. Aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaia oi?ia i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a.

I?e oe?e oi?i? an? aeaee ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, aeeth/ath/e ?
aeaioiaeaiiy iaiao?aeieo cai/anoei, i?iaiaeyoueny neeaie ? oaoi?/ieie
caniaaie aeanii? ?aiiioii? aace, oiaoi neeaie ie?aieo oeao?a. A
ii??aiyii? c oeaio?ae?ciaaiith aeaia oi?ia ia? ?yae iaaeie?e?a:
iaiao?aei?noue ?ici?uaiiy ?aiiioieo cania?a ii ie?aieo ia’?eoao,
a?aenooi?noue eaae?o?eiaaiiai ea??aieoeoaa oa iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai
iinoa/aiiy, iecueeee ??aaiue niaoe?ae?caoe?? ?aiiioieo ?ia?oiee?a,
iecueeee eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy aa?noaoiiai ia?eo oa ?ioiai ?aiiioiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, cieaeaiiy yeino? ?ia?o. Oe? iaaeie?ee caoaeothoue noa?o
aeei?enoaiiy aeaii? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a.

Iae/ano?oa oeth oi?io iiaeia aeei?enoaoe i?e cia/ieo a?aeaeaeyo i?ae
i?aei?e?inoaii oa ?aiiioieie aacaie ? oiio oaea oi?ia ?
iaeoa?aeoa?i?oith aeey aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ? ao?iaeo i?aei?e?inoa,
ui i?aoeththoue a iiaeo aai a?aeaeaeaieo ?aeiiao.

3. Ci?oaia oi?ia i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a.

I?e ci?oai?e oi?i? ??ci? aeaee ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeeiiothoueny
ii ??ciiio. Eai?oaeuei? ?aiiioe cae/aeii i?iaiaeyoueny ia
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ?aiiioieo aacao, a oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? iioi/i?
?aiiioe aaciina?aaeiuei a oeaoao.

Aeai?e oi?i? i?eoaiaii? an? iaaeie?ee aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaii? oi?ie ? oiio
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia e?oiieo oa na?aaei?o i?aei?e?inoaao, ui iathoue
i?oeio ?aiiioio aaco. E??i oiai, ?? iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe ? a ?ioeo
i?aei?e?inoaao ye i?ii?aeiee aa??aio i?e ia?aoiae? aei oeaio?ae?ciaaii?
oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a.

2.3.Iaoiaee i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a iaeaaeiaiiy.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae ianooaa?a ?ia?o, aeae?a aeei?enoiaaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy
oa i?noeaaeo eiie?aoieo oiia ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy iiaea aooe aeeiiaiei
iaeiei c oaeeo iaoiae?a:

1.Iaoiae i?neyiaeyaeiaiai ?aiiioo. Nooue aeaiiai iaoiaeo ?aiiioo iieyaa?
a oiio, ui iaeaaeiaiiy i?aeeyaa? ia??iaee/iei iaeyaeai, ia iniia? yeeo
aecia/a?oueny oa?i?i ? aeae /a?aiaiai ?aiiioo. Ia??iaee/i?noue iaeyae?a
anoaiiaeth?oueny, aeoiaey/e c i???ioiaaieo no?ie?a neoaeae aeaoaeae ?
aoce?a iaeaaeiaiiy. A ?acoeueoao? iaeyae?a neeaaea?oueny a?aeiiino?
aeaoaeo?a, ui aeeth/athoue aeaoaeuei? a?aeiiino? i?i nooi?iue ciino
aoce?a, a oaeiae iien aeyaeaieo iani?aaiinoae ? ia?ae?e ?ia?o ii ?o
onoiaiith. Oe? aeai? ? iniiaith aeey ieaioaaiiy ianya?a oa oa?i?i?a
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiioieo ?ia?o. No?iee i?ae aeaiia ieaiiaeie iaeyaeaie ?
iaiino?eieie ? anoaiiaeththoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae neeaaeiino?
iaeaaeiaiiy, eiai oaoi?/iiai noaio oa ??/iiai a?ao?eo caaaioaaeaiiy.
Oeae iaoiae i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy ia? ?yae ?noioieo
iaaeie?e?a, aieiai? c ieo: iaiiaeeea?noue ieaioaaiiy ?aiiio?a oa
caaaioaaeaiiy ?aiiioieo aac ia o?eaaeee ia??iae /ano; noa’?eoeai?noue
oaoi?/iiai noaio iaoei, iaeaaeiaiiy; ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei
i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiio?a; o?oaeiiu? a aecia/aii? iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino?
?iai/i? neee, iaoa??ae?a, ?ino?oiaio?a, inianoee. Oeae iaoiae
aeei?enoiao?oueny aeoaea ??aeei. Iae/ano?oa eiai iiaeia cono??oe i?e
?aiiio? ianoaiaea?oiiai niaoe?aeueiiai, iiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy, yea aei oiai
ae aeei?enoiao?oueny a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ii?yaeeo.

2.Iaoiae ia??iaee/ieo ?aiiio?a. Iniiai? aeaee ?aiiioieo ?ia?o i?e
oeueiio iaoiae? i?iaiaeyoueny a oi/i?e iine?aeiaiino?. Ianya ? ii?yaeie
iine?aeiaiino? ?aiiio?a aecia/a?oueny o?eaae?noth neoaeae ci?iieo
aeaoaeae oa aoce?a. Ca no?ieaie neoaeae aeaoae? oa aocee eiaeii? iaoeie,
eiaeiiai aa?noaoa, eiaeiiai aeaeo iaeaaeiaiiy eeaneo?eothoueny ?
a?oiothoueny. A caeaaeiino? a?ae na?aaeiueiai ia??iaeo /ano ?o neoaeae
anoaiiaeththoue oa?i?i oa ianya ?aiiioieo ?ia?o. I?e eiaeiiio /a?aiaiio
?aiiio? an? aocee ? aeaoae?, ui i?aeeyaathoue ?aiiioo oaaaeii
iaeyaeathoue, ciioai? /anoeie cai?iththoue, a o?, ui ua i?eaeaoi? aei
?iaioe, anoaiiaeththoue ciiao. I?e oeueiio aeey i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo
iniaeeaa i?noea ia? nai?/ania oa ye?nia anoaiiaeaiiy ci?iieo oa caianieo
/anoei. Aieiaiith ia?aaaaith aeaiiai ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy ? eiai
aeiiii?/i?noue oa iiaeeea?noue aeineoue aeaoaeueiiai ieaioaaiiy
ianooiieo aeae?a ?aiiio?a ? ?o o?ce/ieo ianya?a. Oeae iaoiae
iaeoa?aeoa?i?oee aeey oi?aa?naeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny
oe?iei o an?o i?ae?icae?eao i?ae?e?inoaa.

3.Iaoiae ieaiiai-iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo ?aiiio?a. Aeaiee iaoiae ia a?aei?io
a?ae aeaio iiia?aaei?o aaco?oueny ia iaia’yceiaiio ia??iaee/iiio
ieaiiaiio iiiaeaii? iaeaaeiaiiy oeyoii cai?ie /anoeie aeaoaeae oa aoce?a
iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o oaoi?/iiai noaio. Aieiaia a oeueiio iaoiae? eiai
i?io?eaeoe/iee oa?aeoa?, ui aeicaiey? cia/ii i?iaeiaaeeoe no?iee neoaeae
iaeaaeiaiiy; caa?aaoe aenieo ye?noue eiai ?iaioe, a oaeiae i?enei?eoe
cao?aoe ia ieaiia? ?aiiioe. A iniia? aeaiiai iaoiaeo eaaeeoue
i?iaaaeaiiy ??cieo aeae?a ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy /a?ac oi/i?,
cacaeaeaa?aeue aecia/aii? ia??iaee /ano ia i?ioyc? ?aiiioiiai oeeeeo.
I?ae ?aiiioiei oeeeeii ?icoi?thoue ia??iae /ano i?ae aeaiia
eai?oaeueieie ?aiiioaie (aeey ae?th/iai iaeaaeiaiiy) aai ia??iae /ano
a?ae ?aiiioo aaaaeaiiy a aenieoaoaoe?th iaeaaeiaiiy aei ia?oiai
eai?aiiioo (aeey iiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy). ?aiiioiee oeeee ae?eeoueny ia
i?ae?aiiioi? ia??iaee, o?eaae?noue yeeo aecia/a?oueny no?ieii neoaeae
ci?iieo aeaoaeae. O?eaae?noue oeeeeo oa i?ae?aiiioieo ia??iae?a
aecia/a?oueny nenoaiith OI ? I?.

?c ia?a?aoiaaieo iaoiae?a inoaii?e ? iaei?ia?aneai?oei ?
oa?aeoa?aco?oueny oaeeie iiceoeaieie ?enaie: nenoaia i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a aea? iiaeeea?noue oieeiooe iaieaiiaeo coieiie; c’yaey?oueny
iiaeeea?noue oi/iiai ieaioaaiiy ?aiiio?a oa caaaioaaeaiiy ?aiiioieo aac
ia aanue ieaiiaee ia??iae; oi/iiai aecia/aiiy iio?aae a ?iai/?e nee?,
iaoa??aeao, ?ino?oiaio?; caaacia/o?oueny aenieee ??aaiue niaoe?ae?caoe??
?aiiioieo a?eaaae oa aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aneaieo niinia?a ?aiiioo
iaeaaeiaiiy; i?aeaeuo?oueny caaaeueia aoaeoeai?noue ?aiiioo ca ?aooiie
c?inoaiiy II, iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?aiiioiiai iaeaaeiaiiy,
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a.

Iaoiae ieaiiai-iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo ?aiiio?a iaee?auee aeey iaeaaeiaiiy,
ui i?aoeth? i?e noaeiio ?aaeei?. Oaeiae aeei?enoiaothoue i?e ?aiiioao
iaeaaeiaiiy, a?ae aacia?aa?eii? ?iaioe yeeo caeaaeeoue aacia?a?ai?noue
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oa aaciaea ethaeae.

Iae/ano?oa cono??/athoueny ??ci? eiia?iaoe?? an?o o?ueio aeae?a.

2.4.Niiniae ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eueeino? iaeiioeiiiai iaeaaeiaiiy oa oaoi?/ii?
iniauaiino? ?aiiioieo aac aeei?enoiaothoueny ??ci? niiniae ?aiiioo
iaeaaeiaiiy:

1.?iaeea?aeoaeueiee niin?a ?aiiioo.

I?e oeueiio niinia? iaeaaeiaiiy ?aiiioo? iaeia eiiieaenia a?eaaaea, ui
neeaaea?oueny c ?ia?oiee?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe??. I?e oeueiio eiaeia
iaeeieoey iaeaaeiaiiy i?aeeyaa? ?icai?oe? ia ie?ai? aocee ? aeaoae?, ye?
a i?ioean? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o ciain?aeththoueny , oiaoi iaeaaeiaiiy
cae?athoue c oeo aea a?ae?aiiioiaaieo /anoei, c yeeo aiii neeaaeaeinue
aei ?aiiioo. Oeae niin?a ia ia? aaeeeiai iioe?aiiy /a?ac oae? iaaeie?ee:

1) cia/iee /an i?inoithaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy a ?aiiio?, ine?eueee aaaaoi
/ano aeo?a/a?ouen/ ia ?aiiio oa aeaioiaeaiiy ie?aieo ci?iieo /anoei oa
aeaoaeae;

2) a?aenooi?noue aa?aio?e aeniei? oi/iino? i?aeaioiaee oa cai?ee
aeaoaeae, aoce?a ? iaoai?ci?a a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai /ano ia ?aiiio;

3) iaiao?aei?noue aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a, ye? caaacia/oaaee a
aeeiiaiiy aoaeue-yeeo aeae?a ?ia?o, ui aeieeathoue a i?ioean? ?aiiioo;

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee niin?a ?aiiioo aeei?enoiao?oueny
iae/ano?oa i?e ?aiiio? i?inoeo aeae?a iaeaaeiaiiy oa iaaaeee?e eiai
e?eueeino?, a oaeiae i?e a?aenooiino? i?aei?iiiai oiiaeo iaeaaeiaiiy.
Oaeee niin?a ?aiiioo iiaeia cono??oe a aaieiai-?ica?aeoaaeueieo ia?o?yo.

2.Aa?aaaoii-ciain?aeaiee niin?a ?aiiioo.

I?e oeueiio niinia? ?aiiioo aanue eiiieaen ?aiiioieo ?ia?o ae?eeoueny ia
ie?ai? neeaaeia? /anoeie, eiaeia c yeeo yaey? niaith iiai?noth
cae?i/aiee i?ioean ?aioioo aa?aaaoo /e aocea. ?ioeie neiaaie iaoeio
?icae?athoue ia ie?ai? aa?aaaoe, ui ?aiiioothoueny ie?aii.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?aeaioiaeaieo cai?i/ieo iaeeieoeue aea? iiaeeea?noue a
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao cia/ii nei?ioeoe i?inoi? iaeaaeiaiiy, ye? iia’ycai?
c aeeiiaiiyi ?aiiioieo ?ia?o. Iaea?eueoo oeiaeo ae?iaieoeoao i?eiinyoue
i?inoi? oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiyy a iaieaiiaeo ?aiiioao. I?e/eiith
oaeeo ?aiiio?a cae/aeii ? aeiaaeeia? a?aeiiae /a?ac aeo?ae c eaaeo
ie?aieo aeaoaeae /e aoce?a. Oiio aeei?enoaiiy i?aeaioiaeaieo ?aiiioieo
aoce?a aeey iaieaiiaeo ?aiiio?a oaeiai iaeaaeiaiiy iniaeeai aoaeoeaia.
Aeniea aoaeoeai?noue aeaiiai niiniao ?aiiioo coiiaeaia ianooiieie
ia?aaaaaie:

– ?aoe?iiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi ?iai/i? neee ca eaae?o?eaoe??th;

– aenieith niaoe?ae?caoe??th ?aiiioieo a?eaaae, ui caaacia/othoue ??no
II;

– aeiiii??th ?iai/iai /ano i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aiiioo;

– iie?ioaiiy yeino? oa cieaeaiiy aa?oino? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o;

*anoi aoceiaee niin?a ii?aeio?oueny c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei. A oaeiio
ii?aeiaii? a?i aeineoue /anoi aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e eai?oaeueiiio
?aiiio? neeueii caaaioaaeaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy. Ui noino?oueny iaeaaeiaiiy
ia oi?eaeueiiai /e iniaeeai aaaeeeaiai aeey ae?iaieoeoaa , oi
aeei?enoaiiy aoceiaiai niiniao ia caaaeaee aoaea aeiiii?/ii
aei?aaaeaiei.

3. Caaaeueiiciain?aeaiee niin?a ?aiiioo.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae aa?aaaoii-ciain?aeaiiai niiniao aeaiee niin?a
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiaiei ciain?aeaiiyi ia o?eueee aoce?a, aea e ie?aieo
aeaoaeae. Iaoeio, ui iinooieea a ?aiiio, iiai?noth ?icae?athoue, an?
aeaoae? i?aeeyaathoue aeaoaeooaaiith. I?e oeueiio o? aeaoae?, ye? ua
i?eaeaoi? aeey aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaeathoueny ia neeaae, a ?aooo aai
?aiiioothoue aai caeathoue a iaoaeia?ooo. Nethna?ii-cai?i/ia a?eaaaea
i?iaiaeeoue cai?eo iaoei ?c ciain?aeaieo aeaoaeae, ui iinooiathoue ?c
neeaaeo.

Caaaeueiiciain?aeaiee niin?a ?aiiioo aeei?enoiaothoue ia e?oiieo
?aiiioieo aacao, ui i?iaiaeyoue ?aiiio aaeeei? e?eueeino? iaeiioeiiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy ?c aca?iicai?iieie aeaoaeyie. A oiiaao iaooiaaciai?
i?iieneiaino? a?i aeei?enoiao?oueny ia oeaio?aeueieo AAI oa
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ?aiiioii-iaoai?/ieo caaiaeao. Aeaiee niin?a ?aiiioo ?
iaeaeiiiii?oei ?c o?ueio iacaaieo. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui i?e oeueiio
cia/ii nei?i/o?oueny /an i?inoi?a a ?aiiio?, i?aeaeuo?oueny II ? ye?noue
?ia?o, cieaeo?oueny ?o aa?o?noue.

2.5. Oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa
IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”.

Oi?ioaaiiy ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa i?aei?e?inoaa i?ioiaeeoue i?ae
aieeaii ianooiieo oaeoi??a:

1. I?e?iaei? oaeoi?e, ye? iaoiiaeththoue ?ioaineaia o?ce/ia ciioaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy:

– ciaoiaey/enue ia a?aee?eoiio iia?o?? i?aeoe/ii ia i?ioyc? anueiai
?ieo, iaeaaeiaiiy i?aeaea?oueny oe?aeeeaiio aieeao iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua;

– aaaaoi aoce?a ? aeaoaeae i?aoeththoue a oiiaao ei?ic?eiiai ?
aa?aceaiiai na?aaeiaeua i?iieai/ieo ??aeei, nieaii? aiaee;

– aeniaaeaii?noue aaciaeo ? aacieiiaeainaoieo ?iaeiaeu, ui aeiaaa?
aeiaeaoeiaeo coneeue aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy ?o a ?iai/iio noai?;

– aenieee nooi?iue iaaiaeiaiino? naa?aeeiaei, ui aeiaaa? /anoiai
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiioieo ?ia?o;

2. Oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/i? oaeoi?e:

– aocee ? aeaoae? iaeaaeiaiiy /anoi caciathoue ci?iieo oaoiieia?/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue (oaea?e, a?a?aoe??);

– neeaaei?noue ?ia?o ? iaaeinoaoi?noue niaoe?aeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy i?e o?ainii?ooaaii? i?eiooo? caeo/aoe aei ?aiiio?a
i?ae?yaei? i?aai?caoe??;

– iecueeee eiao?oe??io iiiaeaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a, ui aeiaaa? a?eueo
/ano?oeo ?aiiio?a;

– aeniea /anoea canoa??eiai iaeaaeiaiiy;

3. Aeiiii?/i? oaeoi?e.

– iaaeinoaoi?noue eioo?a aeey iiiiaeaiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace
?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

2.6. Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a ?yaeo aeeiai?ee.

Aeey oiai, uia i?iaiae?coaaoe ci?io iieaciee?a a /an?, aeei?enoiaothoue
?yaeo aeeiai?ee. Aeey aiae?co, yeee ?iaeoueny ia iniia? oaeoe/ieo
aeaieo, canoiniaothoue ianooii? iieacieee:

1. Aaniethoiee i?e??no:

a) aaceniee

ta= yt – yo (1)

a) eaioethaiaee

te=yt – yt-1 (2)

aea yo,yt,yt-1- a?aeiia?aeii oaeoe/iee ??aaiue iieacieea a aaciaiio,
ca?oiiio ? iiia?aaeiueiio aei ca?oiiai ?ieo.

2.Oaiie c?inoaiiy ? :

a)
aacenieepicscalex1000100090000035400000000001200000000000500000009020000
00000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100
0000050000000b0200000000050000000c02000220011200000026060f001a00ffffffff
000010000000c0ffffffc0ffffffe0000000c00100000b00000026060f000c004d617468
54797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000000300000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

ktapicscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000000000
400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000
50000000b0200000000050000000c02000220011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001
0000000c0ffffffc0ffffffe0000000c00100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797
065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000= yt / yo * 100
(3)

a) eaioethaiaee

kte = yt / yt-1*100 (4)

3. Oaiie i?e?inoo:

a) aaceniee

ota = 100 (kta – 1) (5)

a) eaioethaiaee

ote = 100 (kte – 1) (6)

4. Aaniethoia cia/aiiy 1% i?e?inoo:

a) aaceniee

aeey an?o t iaeiaeiaee

a) eaioethaiaee

= t / ot = yt-1 / 100 (7)

Aaniethoiee i?e??no oa?aeoa?eco? oaeaee?noue ci?ie ??ai?a ?yaeo
aeeiai?ee ca iaeeieoeth /ano.

Oaiie c?inoaiiy – oea a?aeiiniee iieaciee aeeiai?ee, yeee iieaco? o
ne?eueee ?ac?a a?eueoa /e ne?eueee % aeaiee ??aaiue neeaaea? ii
a?aeiioaiiy aei ??aiy,ui i?eeiyoee ca aaco ii??aiyiiy.

Oaii i?e?inoo iieaco? ye ci?ieoueny ??aaiue ?yaeo aeeiai?ee ia i?ioyc?
aeaiiai /ano.

2.7. Iieacieee aeey ioe?iee ??aiy i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ia
i?aei?e?inoa?.

Aaaeeeaei aoaiii i?e i?iaaaeai? aiae?co ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aiiioiiai
ainiiaea?noaa ia i?aei?e?inoa? ? ioe?iea ??aiy i?aai?caoe?eii?
i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiaothoue ianooiio nenoaio
iieaciee?a.

1. Eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiino?, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue i?iii?oe?eiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa, aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

= (a? -aie) 2 / m (8)

aea m – e?euee?noue aoai?a,

a? – i?iioneia caeaoi?noue ie?aieo aoai?a a i?eeiyoeo iaeeieoeyo aei??o,

aie -ianya ae?iaieoeoaa ii ieaio a i?eeiyoeo iaeeieoeyo aei??o.

2. Eiao?oe??io aacia?a?aiino?, ui oa?aeoa?aco? ??aaiue aacia?a?aiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa ? aecia/a? iiaeeea?noue nei?i/aiiy ia?a?ea?a i?ae
oaoi?/ieie iia?aoe?yie, ae?aaea?oueny oi?ioeith:

ka= ooao / ooe (9)

aea ooao – o?eaae?noue oaoiieia?/ii? /anoeie ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo,

ooe – caaaeueia o?eaae?noue ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo.

3. Neeaaeiaith iaae?eiino? i?ioeano ? iaae?ei?noue iaeaaeiaiiy, yea
canoiniao?oueny o ae?iaieoeoa?, oiio ?ic?aoiaothoue eiao?oe??io
iaae?eiino? ?iaioe iaeaaeiaiiy.

ei = oa / oa + o? (10)

aea oa – noia?i? aeo?aoe o iai?aoethaaii? AIA /a?ac a?aeiiae ? i?inoi? a
?aiiio?, a ??e, i/aiae,

o? – noia?ia iai?aoethaaiiy AIA, i/aiae.

2.8. Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Aeey ioe?iee ??aiy i?aai?caoe?? oa aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaiao?aeii iaoe iaaio nenoaio iieaciee?a. Aeey oeueiai
aeei?enoiaothoue aea? a?oie iieaciee?a: caaaeuei? ? niaoe?aeuei?.

CAAAEUeI?:

1. Eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?ia?oiee?a ca eaae?o?eaoe??th. Oa?aeoa?eco?
a?aeiia?aei?noue ??aiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a eaae?o?eaoe??
aeeiioaaieo ?ia?o ? aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

e?e = ??a / ?? (11)

aea ??a – na?aaei?e eaae?o?eaoe?eiee ?ic?yae ?ia?oiee?a,

?? – na?aaei?e ?ic?yae aeeiioaaieo ?ia?o.

2. Eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai /ano :

ea?/ = oa / o?i (12)

aea oa – aoaeoeaiee, oaeoe/ii a?aei?aoeueiaaiee /an iaeiei ?ia?oieeii
aai a?oiith ?ia?oiee?a ca aeaiee ia??iae /ano, ethae/aiae aai
ethae/aei?a,

o?i – iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee oiiae ?iai/iai /ano ca aeaiee ia??iae,
ethae/aiae aai ethae/aei?a.

Oeae iieaciee oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai
iiaeeeaiai ?iai/iai /ano. Eiai iiaeia ?ic?aooaaoe ?ioei niiniaii:

ea?/ = 1 – tao? / o?i (13)

aea tao? – ao?aoe ?iai/iai /ano a i?ioean? aeeiiaiy ?iaioe, ethae/aiae
aai ethae/aei?a.

NIAOe?AEUeI?:

1. O?eaae?noue i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo.

Oa?aeoa?eco? a ocaaaeueiaiiio aeaeyae? ye?noue i?iaaaeaieo ?aiiio?a, ui
i?iyaey?oueny a ca?eueoaii? ?aiiioiiai oeeeeo ? aecia/a?oueny ca
oi?ioeith:

oi?i = ooe / n? (14)

aea ooe – o?eaae?noue oaeoe/iiai oeeeeo ?iaioe iaeaaeiaiiy, aiae,

n? – e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a a ?aiiioiiio oeeee?.

2. Eiao?oe??io ieaiiaino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue aeio?eiaiiy a?ao?ea ieaiiai-iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo
?ia?o:

ei?i = nae / n?e (15)

aea nae – e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a, ui i?iaaaeai? c aeiaea?aeaiiyi ieaiiaeo
oa?i?i?a,

n?e – caaaeueia ieaiiaa e?euee?noue an?o aeae?a ?aiiio?a.

3. Eiao?oe??io /anoioe ?aiiio?a.

Iieaco? e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a, a na?aaeiueiio ia iaeeieoeth iaeaaeiaiiy
ca aeaiee ia??iae /ano.

e/? = n?c / ni (16)

aea n?c – caaaeueia e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a, ui i?iaaaeai? ca aeaiee
ia??iae ii aeaeao iaeaaeiaiiy.

ni – e?euee?noue iaeeieoeue iaeaaeiaiiy.

4. Eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy aa?noaoiiai ia?eo ?aiiioii? aace ca /anii.
Oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??aaiue aenoaineaiiai eiai aeei?enoaiiy:

eaen= oo / oi (17)

aea oo – oaeoe/iee /an ?iaioe iaeaaeiaiiy ca aeaiee ia??iae /ano,

oi – ieaiiaee aoaeoeaiee oiiae /ano ?iaioe iaeaaeiaiiy ca oie aea
ia??iae.

5. Niaoeeo?/iei iieacieeii, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue i?aai?caoe??
?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy naa?aeeiaei ? eiao?oe??io aenieoaoaoe??,yeee
aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

ea = na / n/ae (18)

aea na – noia?iee /an ?iaioe naa?aeeiaei,

n/ae – noia?iee eaeaiaea?iee /an ii ae?th/iio oiiaeo naa?aeeiaei.

Aiae?c an?o aeuaiaaaaeaieo iieaciee?a i?iaiaeeoueny c iaoith aeyaeaiiy
?aca?a?a iie?auaiiy i?aai?caoe?? oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”. Iniiaieie iai?yieaie
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy iiaeooue aooe: ca?eueoaiiy
o?eaaeino? i?aeiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo, nei?i/aiiy iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao
/ano i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aiiio?a, nei?i/aiiy /ano i?inoi?a iaeaaeiaiiy a
?aiiio?, iie?auaiiy aioo??oiuei? niaoe?ae?caoe?? ?aiiioieo
i?ae?icae?e?a.

3. Aiae?c i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia IAAO
“Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”.

3.1. Aeeiai?ea iniiaieo OAI i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
IAAO”Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”iaiao?aeii i?iaanoe aiae?c aeeiai?ee iniiaieo OAI
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aoaeoeai?noue cao?ao i?aoe? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iieacieeii II. ??no II ?
aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa, neoaeeoue
ia’?eoeaiith ia?aaeoiiaith ca?eueoaiiy iaoa??aeueieo aeaa, oiio oeae
iieaciee aeioe?eueii a?aeianoe aei IOAI.

Ca?ia?oiy ieaoa ?ia?oiee?a ? iaeiei ?c cania?a noeioethaaiiy i?aoe?,
oiio aenieee ??aaiue oeueiai iieacieea i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Nia?aa?o?noue oa i?eaooie – iaei? c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ye?nieo iieaciee?a
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, oiio, ui cia/aiiy
nia?aa?oino? aecia/a?oueny oei, ui a iueiio a?aeaeaathoueny ?acoeueoaoe
ae?yeueiino?, a i?eaooie a?aeia?aaea? e?ioeaa? ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, iieacoth/e oeei ia ne?eueee aoaeoeaii aiii i?aoeth?. An?
IOAI i?eaaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 3.1.

Oaaeeoey 3.1. Iniiai? OAI IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”.

Iacaa iieacieea?iee1995199619971. Aeaeiaooie iaooe ? eiiaeainaoo, oiie,
a o./.:

Aeaeiaooie iaooe

Aeaeiaooie eiiaeainaoo

2. aeaeiaooie aaco, oiie194 000

188 596

5 404

238567182 400

177 740

4 660

233404173 000

167 635

5 365

2251013. ?aae?caoe?y i?iaeoeoe??, oen.a?i.22 77131 81046 4604.
I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?, o/ethae30 48847 08857 0695. I?eaooie, oen.
a?i.14 05516 32724 3276. Nia?aa?o?noue iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoe??, a?i.:

– 1 o iaooe

– 1 oen. i3 iiiooiueiai aaco

– 1 oen. i3 i?e?iaeiueiai aaco

39,64

7,04

13,74

74,71

19,36

34,41

93,36

37,48

26,227.Na?aaeiueinieneiaa /enaeuei?noue, /ie., a o./.:

i?iieneiaiai ia?niiaeo;

iai?iieneiaiai ia?niiaeo970

780

190972

786

186947

773

1748. Oiiae CI anueiai, a?i.108248315448377217

Aeey aeyaeaiiy aeeiai?ee yaeu iio??aii ni?anoaaeyoe aaciaee ??e c
?ioeie. Aiae?coth/e IOAI ca 1995-1997??.aa?oi neacaoe ianooiia.

Aeaeiaooie iaooe ? eiiaeainaoo c ?ieaie niaaea?, oae, a 1996?.
aaniethoia cia/aiiy oeueiai iieacieeai cieceeinue ia 6 %, a ia e?iaoeue
aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo aiii aoei ieae/a aaciaiai ??aiy ia 11%. Oaeith ae
? ? aeeiai?ea aeaeiaooeo aaco: cieaeaiiy ia 3% o 1996?. ? ia 5,7% o
1997?. Niaae aeaieo iieaciee?a iaa cia/iee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy oaeeo
iieaciee?a, ye aa?o?noue oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??, nia?aa?o?noue iaooe oa
aaco, i?eaooie.

Uiaei nia?aa?oino? , oi ?? ??aaiue iino?eii c?inoa?. A 1996?. a?i
aeinyaioa aaniethoiiai cia/aiiy 74,71 a?i. ca 1o iaooe, a a1997 – aae
93,36 a?i ca 1 o iaooe, ui a 1,88 ? 3,36 ?ac a?aeiia?aeii a?eueoa i?ae o
1995?ioe?. Oaeee ??no nia?aa?oino? iia’ycaiee ?c c?inoaiiyi oe?i ia
aeaeo?iaia?a?th, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiio?a oa
iia’ycaieo c oeei ?inoii aeo?ao.

I?eaooee i?aei?e?inoaa ca ca?oiee ia??iae iino?eii ca?eueooaaeenue, ui
a caaaeueiiio na?ae/eoue i?i iiceoeaio ?iaioo IAAO. Oae, ca?eueoaiiy
i?eaooe?a o 1996 ?ioe? ia 14% i?iaeiaaeo?oueny o 1997 ?ioe? ca?eueoaiiyi
oeueiai iieacieea ia 73% o ii??aiyii? c aaciaei ?ieii. Oaeith ae aoea ?
aeeiai?ea i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?: ??no ia 54% o 1996?.; ia 87% ? ia 21%
o 1997 ?ioe? o ii??aiyii? a?aeiia?aeii c 1995 ? 1996 ?ieaie.

Ca ca?oiee ia??iae iii?oii c?inoa? oiiae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. Oea ?
iaei??th c iiceoeaieo ?en o ooieoe?iioaaii? IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”. Ca
aiae?ciaaiee ia??iae na?aaeiy ca?ia?oiy ieaoa c?inea a?ae 111 a?eaaiue o
1995?. aei 324 oa 398 a?eaaiue a?aeiia?aeii o 1996 oa1997 ?ieao, ui o
i?ioeaioiiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? ia?aaeuo? aaciaee ??aaiue a?aeiia?aeii ia
190 oa 258%. Iiceoeaiei o oeueiio ieai? ? ?icoi?iiy ea??aieoeoaii
iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy ye iaeiiai c /e ia iaee?aueo niinia?a
caioi/aiiy oa i?aeo?eiaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? i?aoe?aiee?a.

A caaaeueiiio ieai? ooieoe?iioaaiiy IAAO ca ca?oiee ia??iae ?
caaeia?eueiei, a i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiio iiaea aooe aaea
i?iaiae?ciaaia aeua c?inoaiiy i?eaooeo. C?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?
oa oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? na?ae/eoue i?i aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, a oaeiae oi?ioee niin?a ?o noeioethaaiiy. Uiaei
oaii?a c?inoaiiy nia?aa?oino?, oi aiie ? iaaaaaoi a?eueoeie, i?ae oaiie
c?inoaiiy ianyao aeaeiaooeo iaooe, aaco ? eiiaeainaoo, ui a cia/i?e i???
iia’ycaii ?c c?inoaiiyi oe?i ia aia?aiiin??.

Caaaeath/e ia ianoaa?euei?noue aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i?
iaiiaeeeai aecia/eoe ianooii? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa, aea,
a?aoiaoth/e iayai? ethaenuee? ?ano?ne, ne?iaeiio oa oaoi?/io aace,
iiaeia a??eoe o eiai iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oa aaeineiiaeaiiy.

3.2 Aeeiai?ea ianya?a ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?.

Ia IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” ae?? ci?oaia nenoaia i?aai?caoe??
?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, oiaoi ?aiiioe aeeiiothoueny ye
ainiiaea?nueeei, oae ? i?ae?yaeiei niiniaii ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoa. Oiio
nii/aoeo aa?oi i?iaiae?coaaoe ianyae ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy c oi/ee
ci?o o/ano? ??cieo aeeiiaaoe?a a ?aiiioieo ?iaioao (oaae. 3.2.).

Oaaeeoey 3.2. No?oeoo?a aeo?ao eioo?a ia ?aiiioe

a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeeiiaaoe?a, oen.a?i.

Aeeiiaaoe?199519961997aan.cia/.%aan.cia/.%Aan.cia/.%1. Ia?niiae
i?ae?yaeieo i?aei?e?inoa 373,59 82,6 316,7 81,1 502,82
80,82. Ainiiaea?nueeei niiniaii 78,6 17,4 73,68 18,9
119,31 19,2Ianyae ?aiiio?a caaaeuei? 452,19 100 389,85 100
622,13 100

sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 3.2. ia’?i ?ia?o, ye? aeeiiothoue ia?niiae
i?ae?yaeieo i?aei?e?inoa iaeaea a 5 ?ac?a a?eueoa, i?ae oie, ye?e
aeeiiothoue ?aiiioi? neoaeae i?ae?e?inoaa. Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui iaia?
eioo?a ia oo?eiaiiy aaeeei? ?aiiioii? aace i?e IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac”,
yea a aeeiioaaea an? iaio?aei? ?aiiioe. I?ioa c ?ieaie ieoiia aaaa
inoaii?o c?inoa? aei 19,2% a 1997?. a?ae caaaeueieo ianya?a ?aiiio?a.

Aa?oi oaeiae a?aei?oeoe, ui iaeaea 93% an? eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a
aeeiiothoue naia i?ae?yaei? i?aai?caoe??, a oie /an, ye ianya ?o
ae?yeueiino? ii iioi/ieo ?aiiioao neeaaea? eeoa 70%. Oea iia’ycaii c
oei, ui E? iio?aaothoue a?eueo eaae?o?eaoe?eiiai neeaaeo ia?niiaeo, i?ae
iioi/i? ?aiiioe.

sseui a ia IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” aoee noai?ai? nai? eiiieaeni?
?aiiioi? a?eaaaee ?c aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo niaoe?ae?no?a,oi oea
aeicaieeei cia/ii iie?aueoe ye?noue eiiieaeniiai ?aiiioo AIA, ?aiiioieo
?ia?o iaeaaeiaiiy oa nenoai EN, oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy EN, nei?ioeoe
i?inoi? iaeaaeiaiiy a ?aiiio?, caeiiiieoe cia/io noio eioo?a, ui
aeicaieeei a ? iaaeae? ?icaeaaoe naith ?aiiioio aaco. O?iainoaaiiy
oaeiai caoiaeo iiaeia aoei a cae?enieoe ca ?aooiie oiiaeo ?icaeoeo
ae?iaieoeoaa /e e?aaeeooaaiiy aaieii.

Aeey aiae?co ianya?a ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa? c
oi/ee ci?o ia’?eo?a ?aiiio?a aeei?enoa?ii aeai? oaaeeoe? 3.3.

Oaaeeoey 3.3. Iayae aeeiiaieo ?aiiioieo ?ia?o

199519961997Aa?o?noue aeeiiaieo ?ia?o, anueiai oen.a?i. a oiio
/ene?:452,19399,85622,131. I?iieneiai-ae?iaie/? iniiai? oiiaee, c
ieo:421,33363,19483,58- aoae?ae? ? nii?oaee;128,42102,76134,52- neeia?
iaoeie ? iaeaaeiaiiy;42,8132,9641,58- ?iai/? iaoeie ?
iaeaaeiaiiy;205,42183,84220,74- o?ainii?oi? caniae44,6843,6386,742.
Iai?iieneia? iniiai? oiiaee30,8626,66138,55

Ieoiia aaaa ?iai/iai /ano, ui i?eiaaea? ia ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy a
na?aaeiueiio neeaaea? a?ey 5% a?ae caaaeueiiai oiiaeo ?iai/iai /ano ,
oaeiae cia/io /anoeo oeueiai oiiaeo noaiiaeoue /an, i?ioyaii yeiai
/anoeia iaeaaeiaiiy ciaoiaeeoueny a ?aca?a?.

Ine?eueee aeo?aoe ia eai?oaeuei? ?aiiioe iniiaieo oiiae?a caeiathoue
a?ey 2/3 a?ae caaaeueieo aeo?ao ia ?aiiioi? ?iaioe, oi aeiaeaoeiai aa?oi
?icaeyiooe aeai? ii eai?oaeueieo ?aiiioao eiie?aoieo ia’?eo?a a
e?euee?niiio ae?ac? (oaae.3.4.)

Oaaeeoey 3.4. E?euee?noue eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a ii ia’?eoao.

Ia’?eoe1995199619971. Aaciia?aea/oaaeuei? aa?aaaoe, oo1113152.
Eiii?ani?i? oeee?iae?e, oo (AIE)1012143. Naa?aeeiaeie, oo11864.
Aaoio?ainii?o, oo2726365. ?io?, oo123110139Anueiai, oo187169215

Aiae?cothth/e aeeiai?eo ?aiiioieo ?ia?o ca ia??iae 1995-1996 ?ie?a
iiaeia neacaoe, ui ca iaeei ??e ianyae ?aiiio?a ciaioeeeny ia 13,8%, ui
o aa?o?niiio ae?aaeaii? noaiiaeoue 62,34 oen. a?i. Oea yaeua a?aeaoeiny
ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy ?aiiio?a ye i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/eo IO oae ?
iai?iieneiaeo IO, i?e/iio iaeaea a iaeeiaeia?e i???. ?o oaiie ?inoo
iaeiaeia? ? noaiiaeyoue 86,2 %. Ui ae noino?oueny eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a,
a 1996 ?ioe? caaaeueia e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a, ye? iio?aaoaaee
eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a neeaea 169 oo., ui ia 9,7% iaioa, i?ae a
iiia?aaeiueiio ?ioe?. Oea coiiaeaii aeayeeie i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieie
caoiaeaie, ye? aoee iai?aaeai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino?,
aeiaaia?/iino? ? aeiiii?/iino? ?iaioe ia’?eo?a. Aea e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a
ii AIA ca?eueoeeanue ia 4, ui i?eaaei aei ia?acoiaeo 5890 ea oo?a?iiiai
ianea ? ca?eueoaiiy /ano i?inoith iaeaaeiaiiy a ?aiiio?, iaia?a?ai?noue
yeiai aeoaea aaaeeeaa aeey i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa. Oaeiae iinooiiai
ca?eueoothoueny ?aiiioe eiii?ani?ieo oeee?iae??a AIE, eiaeiiai ?ieo ia
12%, a iniiaiiio /a?ac oiiae ?iaioe a a?a?aoe?eiiio eie? ?
iaaeinoaoiueiio eiio?ie? ca ?o noaiii.

C oaaeeoe? 3.4. aeaeii, ui ianya ?ia?o ii eai?oaeueiiio ?aiiioo
naa?aeeiaei nei?ioeany aei 8 a 1996 ?ioe?. Aea oea iiynith?oueny ia
e?auei aeiaeyaeii ca naa?aeeiaeiaie, a oei, ui ia aoa aeeiiaiee ieai ii
?aiiioo naa?aeeiaei. Iaaeinoath/ee ianya ?ia?o aoei ia?aianaii ia 1997
??e ? neeaa 6 ?aiiio?a.

A 1996 ?ioe? ciaioeeenue ianyae ?aiiio?a o?ainii?oieo cania?a ia 2,4%
(ia 1,05 oen.a?i).

I?ioa cian?i ?ioo ea?oeio niinoa??aa?ii a 1997 ?ioe?. Ianya ?aiiioieo
?ia?o ii an?o aeaeao IO c?inoa?. Ci?ia caaaeueii? aa?oino? ?aiiio?a
neeaaea? 159,6% ii??aiyii c 1996 ? 137,6% ii??aiyii c aaciaei 1995
?ieii. Oey ci?ia a?aeaoaa?oueny a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy
?aiiio?a iai?iieneiaeo IO iaeaea a 5 ?ac, a ca ?aooiie
i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a ia 114,8 % ii??aiyii c 1995 ?ieii .
Iniaeeai a?ae/ooii c??n ianya ?aiiio?a ii o?ainii?oieo caniaao, ?aiiioii
yeeo caeia?oueny iaoai?/ia iaenoa?iy. Oaeiae c?inee ianyae ?aiiio?a ii
neeiaeo iaoeiao ? iaeaaeiaiith – ia 26,2% ii??aiyii c 1996 ?ieii ? ii
aoae?aeyo ? nii?oaeao – ia 30,91%.

Ioaea, IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” iaiao?aeii i?iaanoe ?iaioe ii
iie?auaiith ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Aeey ciaioaiiy /enea ?aiiio?a
iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe e?auee aeiaeyae ca iaeaaeiaiiyi, aeio?eioaaoenue
aeiia ii aeieoaoaoe??, canoiniaoaaoe i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee. E??i oiai,
ca?eueoaiiy ?aiiioieo ?ia?o i?ioiaeeei /a?ac oa, ui iaeaaeiaiiy
iinooiiai ciioo?oueny, a /a?ac iaaeinoaoi?noue eioo?a i?aei?e?inoai
cai?noue caeoiee iiaiai i?eiooaia i?iaiaeeoe ?aiiio iayaiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy.

3.3. Aiae?c a?aeiia?aeiino? i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
iniaeeainoyi ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?inoa?.

Ii?iaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a i?aei?e?inoaa
caeaaeeoue a?ae aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?.
A ?aiiioia ianeoaiaoaaiiy iiaea aooe aoaeoeaiei ca oiiae, ui aiii
a?aeiia?aea? iniaeeainoyi ae?iaieoeoaa.

?iaioa iaoai?/ii? iaenoa?i? i?aai?ciaaia aeineoue aoaeoeaii ? aio/ei.
Acaaae? iayai?noue iaoai?/ii? iaenoa?i? ia i?aei?e?inoa? ? aeineoue
c?o/iei ? aoaeoeaiei. Oiio aiia i?iaiaeeoue ?aiiioe ia?eo iaoei ?
iaeaaeiaiiy, ?aiiioe aeaeaoi?a aioo??oiueiai cai?aiiy, aa?o?noue yeeo
ao?e/? iaioa oe?ie iiaiai aeaeaoia. I?e oeueiio ia aeaiee /an ?aiiioi?
caaiaee ia caeiathoueny ?aiiioii oaeeo aeaeaoi?a. Iaoai?/ia iaenoa?iy
?aiiioo? aaeeeo e?euee?noue canoaie, aa?o?noue ?aiiioo yeeo iaaaaaoi
iaioa oe?ie iiai?, i?iaiaeeoue ?aiiio 60-oiiieo o?aeea??a (i?iythoueny
aooeee aaeainiaeo i?aea?nie, i?aeaa?th?oueny ?aia, i?iythoueny an?
oeaiae).

I?ioa aeeiiaiiy neeaaeieo eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a ? neeaaeieo ?ia?o,
iia’ycaieo c e?ea?aeaoe??th aaa??e, iieeaaeaii ia i?ae?yaei?
i?aai?c?oe??. Oea ? aeioe?eueiei, ine?eueee i?aei?e?inoao aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy oaeeo ?ia?o iaiao?aeia nie?aeia iaoa??aeueii- oaoi?/ia aaca,
a oea iio?aao? cia/ieo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue ? a?eueo ?icoe?aii? n?oee
?aiiioieo oeao?a. E??i oiai, iieeaaeaiiy aeayeeo ?aiiio?a ia i?ae?yaei?
i?aai?caoe?? aeicaiey? caeiiiieoe /an ? i?enei?eoe oeae ?aiiio. Ioaea,
oai aea i?aei?e?inoao noa? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace ? eioo?a aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiio?a, aiie iieeaaeathoueny ia naia i?aei?e?inoai ? eiai
?aiiioi? i?ae?icae?ee, a oai, aea oea iaaea?aeii aai iaiiaeeeai – ia
i?ae?yaei? i?aai?caoe???.

A caaaeueiiio ?aiiioi? ?iaioe iai?aaeai? ia caaacia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii?
aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeiaoaieo naa?aeeiaei ? naa?aeeiaei i?aecaiiiai
caa??aaiiy aaco. Oeao eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo naaaeeiaei a iniiaiiio
caeia?oueny ?aiiioii iacaiiiai ? i?aecaiiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, i?iaiaeeoue
?aa?c?th oa cai?io ianinii – eiii?ani?ieo o?oa ? oiioaiii? a?iaoo?e,
?cieyoe?ei? oa eiaeeuei? ?iaioe, e?ea?aeaoe?th i?aeeieiiieo i?iya?a
aaco, ?aiiio ae?ea naa?aeeiaei, e?ea?aeaoe?th naa?aeeiaei oiui. Aea ia
aeaiee /an iaei i?iaiaeeoueny ?ia?o ii ?aeiino?oeoe?? aacae?th/eo
naa?aeeiaei. Iecuee? ieanoia? oenee ia aeicaieythoue aenieoaooaaoe
naa?aeeiaeie oiioaiiei niiniaii. Ca?eueoeoe aeaeiaooie aaco iiaeia i?e
ia?aoiae? ia aace?ooiee niin?a aenieoaoaoe??. O i?aei?e?inoaa ?
iiaeeea?noue ciiao aaanoe a ae?th ?yae aacae?th/eo naa?aeeiaei ?c
caeo/aiiyi non?aei?o naa?aeeiaei, aea ieanoia? oenee aeineoue aenie?.
Iaeiae aeey ?aae?caoe?? oeueiai iaei??? a?eaaaee ii E? naa?aeeiaei
iaaeinoaoiuei.

Oaeei /eiii, a caaaeueiiio nenoaia ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
a?aeiia?aea? iniaeeainoyi ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa. Iaeiae a
aeayeeo i?ae?icae?eao iaiao?aeii i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ?ia?o.

3.4. Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aeo?aei? aeai? iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 3.5.

Oaaeeoey 3.5. Aeo?aei? aeai? aeey ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?
?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Iieacieee1995199619971. Na?aaei?e eaae?o?eaoe?eiee ?ic?yae ?ia?oieea,
??a4,04,14,22. Na?aaei?e ?ic?yae aeeiioaaieo ?ia?o,
??4,54,64,63.Iaeneiaeueiiiiaeeeaee oiiae ?iai/iai /ano,ethae-aiae,
O?i5951059500595204. Ao?aoe ?iai/iai /ano a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe,
tao?, ethae-aiae3150320032175. O?eaae?noue oaeoe/iiai oeeeeo ?iaioe
iaeaaeiaiiy, aiae, Ooe:- AIA256762037217520- eiii?ani?i? oeee?iae?e
AIE2136618250156436. E?euee?noue ?aiiio?a a ?aiiioiiio oeeee?, oo, n?:-
AIA545- eii?ani?i? oeee?iae?e AIE5567. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a,
oo, n?c:- AIA111315- eiii?ani?i? oeee?iae?e AIE1012148. E?euee?noue
iaeeieoeue iaeaaeiaiiy, oo, ni:- AIA293030- eiii?ani?i? oeee?iae?e
AIE2425259. Oaeoe/iee /an ?iaioe iaeaaeiaiiy aa?noaoiiai
ia?eo,aiae,Oo18251830181510. Ieaiiaee aoaeoeaiee /an ?iaioe
iaeaaeiaiiy,aiae,Oi19661968192011. E?euee?noue ?aiiio?a naa?aeeiaei, ui
i?iaaaeaia c aeio?eiaiiyi ieaiiaeo oa?i?i?a, nae16161112. Caaaeueia
ieaiiaa e?euee?noue an?o aeae?a ?aiiio?a naa?aeeiaei, n?i18191313.
Caaaeueia e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a naa?aeeiaei, n?c17151214. Oiiae
naa?aeeiaei, ni85838415. Noia?iee /an ?iaioe aeaeiaoaieo naa?aeeiaei,
na-i?n, Na41542845916. Noia?iee eaeaiaea?iee /an ii ae?th/iio oiiaeo
naa?aeeiaei, N/ae564562567

?ic?aoo?ii iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia IAAO
“Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” a ia??iae c 1995-1997??., aeei?enoiaoth/e aeai?
oaaeeoe? 3.5. ? oi?ioe 11-18. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a caaaeaii a
oaaeeoeth 3.6.

Oaaeeoey 3.6. Iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Iieacieee1995199619971. Eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?ia?oiee?a ca
eaae?o?eaoe??th, E?e0,880,890,912. Eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai
/ano, Ea/?0,950,950,953. Eiao?oe??io /anoioe ?aiiio?a, E/?-
AIA0,370,430,5- eiii?ani?i? oeee?iae?e AIE0,410,480,564. Eiao?oe??io
aeei?enoaiiy aa?noaoiiai ia?eo ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa (iao. iaenoa?i?
), Eae0,930,930,955. Eiao?oe??io ieaiiaino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiy
naa?aeeiaei, Ei?i0,8890,8420,9166. Eiao?oe??io /anoioe ?aiiio?a
naa?aeeiaei, E/?0,20,180,147. Eiao?oe??io aenieoaoaoe??,
Ea0,7360,7610,809

I?iaiae?co?ii iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ca 3
?iee – c 1995?. ii 1997?.

Eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?ia?oiee?a ca eaae?o?eaoe??th c?inoa? ia 0,01
a 1995?. ? ia 0,03 a 1997?. ii??aiyii c aaciaei ?ieii. Oea iiynith?oueny
oei, ui ia i?ioyc? o?ueio ?ie?a c?inoa? na?aaei?e eaae?o?eaoe?eiee
?ic?yae ?ia?oiee?a, i?e/iio noaeeie oaiiaie, ia 2,5% ui??/ii. Oiaoi iia?
oaoiieia??, iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an, aeiaaathoue a?eueoi?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? ?ia?oiee?a. O ?ia?oiee?a iaoai?/ii? iaenoa?i? ? ?aca?a
i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?eiiai ?ic?yaeo, uia iaeneiaeueii iaaeeceoe eiai
aei ?ic?yaeo aeeiioaaieo ?ia?o. C oe??th iaoith ia i?aei?e?inoa?
i?iaiaeeoueny aaeeea ?iaioa ii i?aeaeuaiith eaae?o?eaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a.

Ei?o?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai /ano iino?eiee ia i?ioyc? anueiai
ia??iaeo ? noaiiaeoue 0,95. Oea aeineoue iaiiaaiee ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy
?iai/iai /ano, oi/a ? eiai iiaeia iie?aueoe oeyoii onoiaiiy
iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao /ano aai caaaeaiiy ?o aei i?i?ioio Oea
ianaiia?aae noino?oueny iaoai?/ii? iaenoa?i?, iie?aueoe ?iaioo yei?
iiaeia oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy a/aniino? iinoaaie iaoa??ae?a,
?ino?oiaio?a, o?ainii?ooaaiiy, nai?/aniei iaaeaiiyi ?ino?oeoe?e,
aeac?aie oiui.

Eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy aa?noaoiiai ia?eo iaoai?/ii? iaenoa?i?
aeineoue aenieee ? ca inoaii? ?iee ca?eueoeany aei 0,95. A?i
oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue aenoaineaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aa?noaoiiai ia?eo
iaoai?/ii? iaenoa?i?. Aea oae ye iaoai?/ia iaenoa?iy iaaeinoaoiuei
oeiiieaeoiaaia aeey iaeaaeiiai i?iaaaeaiiy ?aiiioieo ?ia?o aeayeeo
aeae?a iaeaaeiaiiy, oi ?o ye?noue iaaeniea, ui ? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oaeeo aeae?a
iaeaaeiaiiy ye AIA ? eiii?ani?i? oeee?iae?e AIE.

?icaeyiaii aoaeoeai?noue ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy naa?aeeiaei,
eai?oaeuei? ?aiiioe yeeo aeeiio? oeao ii E? naa?aeeiaei. sseui
?icaeyiooe eiao?oe??io ieaiiaino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, oi a?i a
1996 ?ioe? cieceany ia 5,3% ? neeaa 0,842. Oea iia’ycaii ianaiia?aae c
iiaaiei iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iei iinoa/aiiyi oeaoo. Aea a 1997 ?ioe?
eiao?oe??io ieaiiaino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy naa?aeeiaei ca?eueoeany
ia 3% ii??aiyii c aaciaei ?ieii ? ia 8,3% ii??aiyii c 1996 ?ieii. Oea
iiynith?oueny oei, ui aoea aeioeiiieaeoiaaia a?eaaaea iaiao?aeieie
?ino?oiaioaie ? e?auith i?aai?caoe??th i?aoe?. O?aaa a?aei?oeoe, ui oeao
ii E? aeeiio? naith ?iaioo ye?nii, oae ye ? eiai i?ae?icae?ee ia
i?noeyo. I?i oea na?ae/eoue oa, ui e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a, ui i?eiaaea? ia
iaeio naa?aeeiaeio ciaioo?oueny ? /anoioa ?aiiio?a a 1997 ?ioe? neeaaea?
0,14, ui ia 0,06 iaioa ii??aiyii c aaciaei. A ?acoeueoao? nei?i/aiiy
/ano i?inoi?a naa?aeeiaei i?ae /an ?aiiioo c?inea e?euee?noue
a?aei?aoeueiaaieo na.-i?n. Oea aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe eiao?oe??io
aenieoaoaoe?? aei 0,809, oiaoi ia 9,9 %. Ioaea, ?aiiioia ainiiaea?noai
i?aei?e?inoaa i?aoeth? aeineoue aoaeoeaii i?i ui na?ae/aoue iieacieee
?iaioe oeaoo ii E? naa?aeeiaei oa eiao?oe??ioe aeei?enoaiiy ?ia?oiee?a
ca eaae?o?eaoe??th ? aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai /ano. I?i oa ? ? iaaaoeai?
noi?iie ae?yeueiino?: ciaioaiiy o?eaaeino? i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo ?
ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe ?aiiio?a.

4. Caoiaee ii oaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

4.1. Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aiiioiiai iaeaaeiaiiy oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie
?aaoethaaiiy neeaaeo noi?o? a oeee?iae?ao AIE-10 ia EN.

Aeey ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa aaaeeeai i?aeo?eioaaoe
a ii?iaeueiiio noai? eiii?ani?i? noaioe??. Aaaaoi /ano ? eioo?a, ui
eaeooue ia ?aiiio EN, i?eiaaea? ia ?aiiio eiii?ani?ieo oeee?iae??a AIE.
C iiia?aaeiueiai aiae?co aeaeii, ui ?iaioa oeeo oeee?iae??a
iia??oo?oueny c eiaeiei ?ieii: ciaioo?oueny o?eaae?noue i?ae?aiiioiiai
ia??iaeo ? ca?eueoo?oueny eiao?oe??io /anoioe ?o ?aiiio?a. Ni?aaa a
oiio, ui AIE i?aoeth? c aaeeeei iaaaioaaeaiiyi ? oea i?eaiaeeoue aei
ianoaa?eueii? ?iaioe aeaeaoi?a AIE, yea i?iyaey?oueny o ca?eueoaii?
ia?aeaioe/iino? ?iaioe aeaeaoi?a – ca?eueoaii? iaiine?aeiaieo oeeee?a
?iai/iai i?ioeano a oeee?iae?ao, yea ia onoaa?oueny ?aaoethaaiiyi,
i?ioiaeeoue i?aeaeuaiiy caeienoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo ? aeoeiiieo a?eii
oeee?iae??a, i?ioi/ii? /anoeie oo?a?ie – ?, ye ?acoeueoao, iieiiea
oeee?iae?a.

Aea ?nio? nenoaia ?aaoethaaiiy neeaaeo noi?o? a oeee?iae?ao, yea
i?aeaeuo? iaae?ei?noue ?iaioe AIE, cieaeo? aeo?aoe ia ?aiiioe, nei?i/o?
i?inoi? onoaoeoaaiiy i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aiiio?a. ?iaioa nenoaie
a?oioo?oueny ia ?aaoethaaii? oeneo iia?o?y iaaeaeoao oeyoii a?aeaiaeo
eiai /anoeie c ?aneaa?a.

4.1.1. Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai caoiaeo.

?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?iaiaeeoueny ca ianooiiith
oi?ioeith:

A = Ai/ + A? – 0,15E (19)

aea Ai/ – aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy ?icoiaeo iaeeaiiai
aaco.

A? – aeiiii?y ?icoiae?a ia ?aiiioe.

E – eai?oaeuei? aeo?aoe ia iiaea?i?caoe?th AIE.

Aeiiii?y iaeeaiiai aaco aecia/a?oueny:

Ai/ = Oem * Q (20)

aea Oem – oe?ia aaco.

Q – aeiiii?y iaeeaiiai aaco.

Aieea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiiai caoiaeo ia iniia? iieaciee?a ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, a naia – ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa aecia/a?oueny ca oaeeie
oi?ioeaie:

1. Cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? iaeiiai ?aiiioo.

N = ( 1 – Nt / N1 ) * 100 %
(21)

aea Nt, N1 – a?aeiia?aeii nia?aa?o?noue ?aiiioo iaeeieoe? iaeaaeiaiiy
i?ney ? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiaeo.

2. Ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a, ye? caeiathoueny ?aiiioii
aeaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

* = (* * ?) / ?
(22)

aea * – /enaeuei?noue IAI

? – e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiaeo

3. Ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ?aiiioiiai i?ae?icae?eo.

I? = */(* – *) * 100 % (23)

4. I?eaooie a?ae ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ia i?iaaaeaiiy iaeiiai ?aiiioo
iaeaaeiaiiy a ??e:

I = ( N1 – Nt ) * n
(24)

aea N1, Nt – nia?aa?o?noue ?aiiioo iaeeieoe? iaeaaeiaiiy i?ney ? aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiaeo.

n – e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a iaeaaeiaiiy i?ney ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiaeo.

4.1.2. ?ic?aooiie aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie ?aaoethaaiiy
neeaaeo noi?o? a oeee?iae?ao AIE-10 ia EN.

sse aoei neacaii canoinoaaiiy nenoaie ?aaoethaaiiy noi?o? cieceoue
cao?aoe ia ?aiiioe. Oi/ia e?euee?nia ioe?iea oeueiai cieaeaiiy
cao?oaeiaia, oae ye cao?aoe ia ?aiiioi? ?iaioe aecia/athoueny aaeeeei
/eneii oaeoi??a – ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe AIE, aoiinoa?ieie oiiaaie, oiiaaie
aenieoaoaoe??, a?aei?aoeueiaaiei iioi?ano?nii AIE, ye?noth i?iaaaeaieo
?ai?oa ?aiiio?a. ?acii c oei, onoiaiiy ia?aai?a a ?iaio? oeee?iae??a ?
i?aeaeuaiiai caeienoaaiiy a?eii nooo?ai iie?auaoue iaae?ei?noue ?iaioe
AIE. Aeey ?ic?aooieo i?eeiaii, ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy N?N i?eaaaea aei
ciaioaiiy ?icoiae?a ia ?aiiio ia 5%.

Aeo?aoe ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy N?N neeaee – 594,37 a?i.

?ic?aooiie:

1. ?ico?ae iaeeaiiai aaco, oen.i3 aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy N?N

1 nooi?iue – 1045

2 nooi?iue – 2007

3 nooi?iue – 1035

Anueiai – 4087

2. Aeiiii?y iaeeaiiai aaco i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? N?N,%

1 nooi?iue 4,5% – 47,025 oen.i3

2 nooi?iue 3,7% – 74,259 oen.i3

3 nooi?iue 5,8% – -60,03 oen.i3

Anueiai: 181,314 oen.i3

3. Aeo?aoe ia ?aiiioe, oen.a?i – 10

4. Aeiiii?y ia ?aiiio?, oen.a?i – 10*0,05 = 0,5

5. Oe?ia iaeeaiiai aaco, a?i/1000i3 – 0,00755

6. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ?icoiaeo iaeeaiiai aaco(
oi?ioea 20), oen.a?i: 181,314 * 0 00755 = 1,369

7. Aeo?aoe ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy N?N, oen.a?i: 0,59437/4 = 0,14859

8. Caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo, oen.a?i: A = 1,369 + 0,5 – 0,15*0,14859
= 1,84671

Aeaiee ?ic?aooiie i?iaaaeaiee ca 1 eaa?oae. Ioaea ca ??e: A? = 7,39
oen.a?i (oiiaiee ??/iee aoaeo). Aeina?ae aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai caoiaeo
iieacaa aenieo eiai aoaeoeai?noue, ui aeicaieeei ca?eueoeoe oa?i?i
aenieoaoaoe?? eiii?ani?ieo oeee?iae??a AIE ia 15% (ca?eueoeeanue
iaae?ei?noue aenieoaoaoe??) ? nei?ioeoe e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a c 14 aei 12
a ??e.

sse aieeioa oeae cao?ae ia iieacieee ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa
i?aei?e?inoaa (ca?aeii oi?ioe 21-24):

1. Cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? iaeiiai ?aiiioo:

Oae ye aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio a ??e neeaaeathoue :

10*4 = 40oen. a?i., a e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a a ?ioe? 14, oi:

aei caoiaeo: 40/14 = 2,85oen.a?i.

i?ney caoiaeo: (40 – 0,05*40)/14 = 2,71 oen.a?i.

N = (1 – 2,71/2,85)*100 = 4,9%

2. A ?acoeueoao? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ?aiiio?a iiaeia ciaioeoe
/enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a, ui caeiathoueny ?aiiioii o AIE
(/enaeuei?noue iaenoa?i? – 26 /ie.)

* = 26*(14-12)/14 = 3,7/ie.

3. A ?acoeueoao? oeueiai ca?eueoeoueny II ?aiiioiiai i?ae?icae?eo
(iaenoa?i?):

I? = (3,7/ 26 – 3,7)* 100 = 16,6%

4. I?eaooie a?ae ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ia i?iaaaeaiiy iaeiiai ?aiiioo AIE
neeaaea ca ??e:

I = (2,85 – 2,71)* 12 = 1,68 oen.a?i.

Aeaiee cao?ae oaeiae aieeioa ia iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai
ainiiaea?noaa (oaae.4.1.)

Oaaeeoey 4.1. Iie?auai? iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Iieacieeeaei caoiaeo i?ney caoiaeo1. O?eaae?noue oaeoe/iiai oeeeeo
?iaioe iaeaaeiaiiy (oeee?i. AIE),aiae1564315643*1,15= 17989,452.
Caaaeueia e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a eiii?ani?ieo oeee?iae??a
AIE,oo1414*2607,2/2998= 123. E?euee?noue iaeeieoeue iaeaaeiaiiy,oo25254.
O?eaae?noue i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo AIE,aiae2607,229985. Eiao?oe??io
/anoioe ?aiiio?a0,560,486. O?eaae?noue i?inoith iaeaaeiaiiy a ?aiiio?,
aiae2802407. E?euee?noue ?aiiio?a a ?aiiioiiio oeeee?66

Ioaea,aeaiee cao?ae aeaa ciiao ciaioeoe o?eaae?noue i?inoith
iaeaaeiaiiy a ?aiiio? ia 15%, ca?eueoeoe o?eaae?noue oaeoe/iiai oeeeeo
?iaioe oeee?iae??a ia 2346,45 aiae, ui ca?eueoeei o?eaae?noue
i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo aei 2998 aiae, i?e/iio eiao?oe??io /anoioe
?aiiio?a ciaioeany ia 0,08.

4.2. Nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? ?aiiio?a aa?aaao?a AIA oeyoii iiia?aaeaeaiiy
?o iieiiee anoaiiaeaiiyi nenoaie caoenoo ? ae?aaiinoeee ?aiiio?a.

C iiia?aaeiueiai aiae?co aeaeii, ui e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a AIA
ca?eueoo?oueny c eiaeiei ?ieii ia 11,8%, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy
ia?a?icoiaeo oo?a?iiiai ianea, iia??oaiiy oiia aenieoaoaoe??,
ca?eueoaiiy aeo?ao ia ?aiiioi? ?iaioe. sse aeaeii c aiae?co iieaciee?a
aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, ciaioo?oueny i?ae?aiiioiee
ia??iae aa?aaao?a AIA. Ioaea, ia i?aei?e?inoa? ? iaiao?aei?noue
canoinoaaiiy caoiae?a, ye? a iie?aueee iieacieee ?iaioe AIA.

A IAAO “Iaaea??iaiaooaaac” anoaiiaeaii 30 aa?aaao?a AAI-25. Aoee
aeiaaeee, eiee aa?aaaoe aenieoaooaaeenue aac a?aeoeeaiue a?ae
eiio?ieueieo ia?aiao??a ? i?e coieioe? ?o aenieoaoaoe?eiei ia?niiaeii
aeey i?iaaaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?e iaeyae? aa?ineiiii aoei
aeyaeaia cia/ia ?o iioeiaeaeaiiy. Iaeiae aoee ? ?io? aeiaaeee, eiee
iaeyae ia aeyaeya ii?ooaiue, a /a?ac aeayeee /an aa?aaao coieiyany
aaa??eii ii i?e/ei? i?aeiyooy oaiia?aoo?e aaco ? aeniei? a?a?aoe?? c
iiyaith /i?iiai aeeio c aeoeiiii? oaooe AIA.

Noai?aiiy nenoaie caoenoo c a?a?aoe?eiiai noaio AIA AOI-25 caaacia/o?
iia?aoeai?noue iinoaiiaee ae?aaiinoeee aa?aaaoa ? i?iaaaeaiy ?aiiioieo
?ia?o.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie caoenoo c a?a?aoe?eiiai noaio aeicaiey?
nai?/anii a?aeeeth/eoe i?aoethth/ee aa?aaao i?e ia?aaeuaii? ??aiy
a?a?aoe?? aeiionoeieo cia/aiue ? oeei caiia?aoe cia/ieo iaoai?/ieo
iieiiie iniiaieo aoce?a AIA ? ciaioeoe e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a ia 20 %.
Aoaeoeai?noue a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiaeo aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ci?ie
?aaeeio ia?iaee a i?ae?aiiioiee ia??iae, ui a?aeiia?aeii i?eaiaeeoue aei
cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ia ?aiiio ia 2,5%.

?ic?aooiie i?iaiaeeoueny c aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee iienaii? a ioieo?
4.1.1.

E??i oeueiai aeei?enoiao?oueny ianooiia oi?ioea:

Aeio?ae a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaa??eiiai caoenoo AIA AAI-25:

Ae = ( C1*(Nt/N1) – Ct ) *n (25)

aea C1, Ct – a?aeiia?aeii aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio iaeiiai aa?aaaoo aei ? i?ney
ai?iaiaeaeaiiy caoiaeo;

N1, Nt – o?eaae?noue i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo (ia?iaea a oeae ia??iae)
aei ? i?ney caoiaeo;

n – e?euee?noue aa?aaao?a, ia yeeo ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny cao?ae.

4.2.1. ?ic?aooiie aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiiai caoiaeo.

1. Na?aaeiy aa?o?noue iaeiiai ?aiiioo AIA,

aei caoiaeo: 8,67 oen.a?i.

i?ney: 8,67 – 8,67*0,025 = 8,45 a?i.

2. E?euee?noue ?aiiio?a aa?aaao?a a ??e aei ? i?ney ai?iaaaeaeaiiai
caoiaeo:

aei: 15 oo

i?ney: 15 – 15*0,2 = 12 oo

3. E?euee?noue aa?aaao?a, ia yeeo ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny nenoaia caoenoo: 30
oo

4. O?eaae?noue i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo, aiae:

aei: 3504

i?ney: 15*(3504/12) = 4380

5. Ioaea, aeio?ae a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaa??eiiai caoenoo AIA AAI-25
aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith (25):

Ae = ( 8,67 * (4380/3504) – 8,45) * 30 = 71,54 oen.a?i.

6. A ?acoeueoao? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ?aiiio?a a ??e, eiao?oe??io
/anoioe ?aiiio?a ciaioeoueny c 0,5 aei 12/30 = 0,4.

7. I?ioeaio cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? ?aiiio?a neeaaea?:

N = (1 – (8,45/8,67) *100 = 2,5%

8. A ?acoeueoao? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ?aiiio?a ciaioo?oueny
/enaeuei?noue ?aiiioiee?a:

* = (26*(15 – 12))/15 = 5,2 /ie.

9. A ?acoeueoao? oeueiai ca?eueoeoueny II iaoai?/ii? iaenoa?i?:

I? = 5,2/(26 – 5,2)*100 = 25%

Ioaea, iie?auai? iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
caianaii a oaaeeoeth 4.2.

Oaaeeoey 4.2. Iie?auai? iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Iieacieeeaei caoiaeoi?ney caoiaeo1. Aa?o?noue iaeiiai ?aiiioo,
a?i.8,678,452. E?euee?noue ?aiiio?a aa?aaao?a, oo a ??e15123.
O?eaae?noue i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo, aiae350443804. Eiao?oe??io /anoioe
?aiiio?a0,50,4

Ioaea, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie aaa??eiiai caoenoo aeaei ciiao ciaioeoe
e?euee?noue ?aiiio?a ia 3, ca?eueoeoe o?eaae?noue i?ae?aiiioiiai
ia??iaeo ia 867 aiae. ? ciaioeoe eiao?oe??io /anoioe ?aiiio?a ia 0,1, ui
i?eiana i?eaooie i?aei?e?inoao ia noio 71,54 oen.a?i.

Aeniiaee.

?aiiioia ainiiaea?noai ? aaaeeeaei i?ae?icae?eii i?aei?e?inoaa, yeee
caaacia/o? iaia?a?aiee ? ii?iaeueiee o?ae ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano.

A aeaiiio eo?niaiio i?iaeo? ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? iiaycai? a iniiaiiio c o?ainii?oii aaco, ae?iaie/a
no?oeoo?a i?aei?e?inoaa, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia aaca ? no?oeoo?a
?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?iaeoo iienai? nenoaie, iaoiaee, oi?ie oa niiniae
?aiiio?a.O?aaa a?aei?oeoe, ui ?aiiioia ainiiaea?noai i?aei?e?inoaa
a?aeiia?aea? nenoai? OI ? I?. ?aiiioia ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeoueny ca
ci?oaiith oi?iith; iaoai?/ia iaenoa?iy aeei?enoiao?, a iniiaiiio,
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee niin?a ?aiiioo.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co iniiaieo OAI aoei aeyaeaii aea?
noi?iie: iiceoeaio ? iaaaoeaio. Iiceoeaiei ? oa, ui ca 1995-1997 ?iee
a?aeaoaa?oueny c?inoaiiy i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa, c?inoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ui aiai?eoue i?i iaeaaeio aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, a oaeiae c?inoaiiy i?eaooeo
i?aei?e?inoaa. Iaaaoeaiith noi?iiith ? c?inoaiiy nia?aa?oino?
o?ainii?oiaaiiai aaco.

I?e ?icaeyae? aeeiai?ee ianya?a ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aoei
aeyaeaii, ui aiie ca?eueoothoueny a 1997 ?ioe? ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy
?aiiio?a ye i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/eo oae ? iai?iieneiaeo iniiaieo oiiae?a.
E?euee?noue eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a oaae c?inoa?, i?e /iio a?eueoa 70%
an?o ?aiiio?a i?iaiaeeoueny neeaie i?ae?yaeieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aiae?c iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeiiii?a
aeynieoe i?iaeaie ui ?niothoue i?e ianeoaiaoaaii?. Oea a iniiaiiio
ca?eueoaiiy eiao?oe??ioo /anoioe ?aiiio?a ? ciaioaiiy o?eaaeino?
i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo ia’?eo?a AIA ? eiii?ani?ieo oeee?iae??a AIE. Oea
coiiaeaii iiaaiei iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iei iinoa/aiiyi, iecueeei ??aiai
iiiaeaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy ?aiiioieo oeao?a, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy
yeino? ?aiiio?a. Ia caaaeath/e ia oea, eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy
?ia?oiee?a ca eaae?o?eaoe??th ? eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai /ano
aeeneoue aenieee. E?aua neooaoe?y i?e ianeoaiaoaaii? naa?aeeiaei, aea
eiao?oe??io /anoioe ?aiiio?a iaaea?, ca?eueoo?oueny eiao?oe??io
ieaiiaino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ca?eueoo?oueny eiao?oe??io
aenieoaoaoe??.

Aeey iie?auaiiy ?iaioe o AIE ? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ?aiiio?a,
ca?eueoaiiy i?ae?aiiioiiai ia??iaeo i?iiiio?oueny oaeineiiaeeoe ?aiiio
oeyoii anoaiiaeaiiy nenoaie ?aaoethaaiiy neeaaeo noi?o? a eiii?ani?ieo
oeee?iae?ao AIE-10, ui aeicaieeoue iie?aueoe ?o ?iaioo ? aieeia ia
iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Aeey nei?i/aiiy
e?eueeino? ?aiiio?a AIA i?iiiio?oueny anoaiiaeoe nenoaio caoenoo ?
ae?aaiinoeee ?aiiio?a, ui ciaioeoue eiao?oe??io /anoioe ?aiiio?a ia 20%
? i?eiana i?eaooie i?aei?e?inoao ia noio 71,54 oen.a?i.

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

1. Ai?enia TH.N. I?aaiecaoeey ?aiiioa e oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey
iai?oaeiaaiey. – I: Iaoeiino?iaiea, 1978.

2. A?aioe A.Ae., Oeuaiei A.A., Aeania A.A. I?aaiecaoeey, ieaie?iaaiea e
oi?aaeaiea ia i?aaei?eyoeyo o?ainii?oa e o?aiaiey iaooe e aaca. – I:
Iaae?a, 1980.

3. Eanthe I.?., Oaaeeoei I.Ae. I?aai?caoe?y i?aeaioiaee oa oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaaia i?aei?e?inoaao iaooiai? ? aaciai?
i?iieneiaino?. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, ?OAeOOIA, 1991.

4. Nu?iiyoieeia A.N., Iiaaaeiiinoeaaa I.I., Coaa?aaa A.Ae., Oiaeia A.A.
I?aaiecaoeey, ieaie?iaaiea e oi?aaeaiea iaooaaaciaeiauaathueie
i?aaei?eyoeyie. – I: Iaae?a, 1987.

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