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Niaea?aeaiea

TOC \o “1-3” AAAAeAIEA

1 NIAeA?AEAIEA OEIAINIAIAI AIAEECA

1.1Nouiinoue aiaeeca oeiainiaiai aiaeeca e aai caaea/e.

1.2.Eeanneoeeaoeey iaoiaeia e i?e?iia oeiainiaiai aiaeeca.

1.3.Eioi?iaoeeiiiay aaca oeiainiaiai aiaeeca.

1.4. Iniiaiua iiaeoiaeu e oeiainiaiio aiaeeco.

2 AIAEEC OEIAINIAIAI NINOIssIEss I?AAeI?EssOEss

2.1 I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea III
«Eani?iioic»………

2.2 I?aaeaa?eoaeueiue iaci? aaeaina.

2.3 Ioeaiea eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina

2.4 Oa?aeoa?enoeea eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey

2.5 Oa?aeoa?enoeea enoi/ieeia n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoey

2.5.1.Aiaeec nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa III “Eani?iioic”

2.5.2.Aiaeec ca?iiuo n?aaenoa III “Eani?iioic”

2.6 Ioeaiea oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe III “Eani?iioic”.

2.7 Aiaeec e ioeaiea ?aaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae ainnoaiiaeaiey
ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe.

3 AIAEEC I?EAUEE E ?AIOAAAEUeIINOE

3.1.Aiaeec oi?ie?iaaiey e ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?eauee.

3.2.Aiaeec ?aioaaaeueiinoe.

4 IA?II?EssOEss II IIAUOAIETH OEIAINIAIE ONOIE*EAINOE III
«Eani?iioic»……………………………………………………
………………….

CAEETH*AIEA

NIENIE ENIIEUeCOAIIE EEOA?AOO?U

I?EEIAEAIEss…………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………
…………….

Aaaaeaiea

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy, n ia?aoiaeii yeiiiieee e ?uii/iui ioiioaieyi,
iiauoaaony naiinoiyoaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoee, eo yeiiiie/aneay e
th?eaee/aneay ioaaonoaaiiinoue. ?acei aic?anoaao cia/aiey oeiainiaie
onoie/eainoe noauaeoia oicyenoaiaaiey. Ana yoi cia/eoaeueii oaaee/eaaao
?ieue aiaeeca eo oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey: iaee/ey, ?aciauaiey e
eniieueciaaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa.

?acoeueoaou oaeiai aiaeeca ioaeiu i?aaeaea anaai nianoaaiieeai, a oaeaea
e?aaeeoi?ai, eiaanoi?ai, iinoaaueeai, iaiaaeaea?ai e iaeiaiaui neoaeaai.
A aeaiiie ?aaioa i?iaiaeeony oeiainiaue aiaeec i?aaei?eyoey eiaiii n
oi/ee c?aiey nianoaaiieeia i?aaei?eyoey, o. a. Aeey aioo?aiiaai
eniieueciaaiey e iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey oeiainaie.

Aeaaiay oeaeue aeaiiie ?aaiou – enneaaeiaaoue oeiainiaia ninoiyiea
i?aaei?eyoey III “Eani?iioic”, auyaeoue iniiaiua i?iaeaiu oeiainiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe e aeaoue ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oi?aaeaieth oeiainaie.

Enoiaey ec iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae, iiaeii noi?ie?iaaoue caaea/e:

i?aaeaa?eoaeueiue iaci? aaeaina e aiaeec aai eeeaeaeiinoe;

oa?aeoa?enoeea eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey: iniiaiuo e iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa e
eo iai?a/eaaaiinoe, auyaeaiea i?iaeai;

oa?aeoa?enoeea enoi/ieeia n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoey: nianoaaiiuo e caaiiuo;

ioeaiea oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe;

?an/ao eiyooeoeeaioia eeeaeaeiinoe;

aiaeec i?eauee e ?aioaaaeueiinoe;

?ac?aaioea ia?ii?eyoee ii oeo/oaieth oeiainiai – oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe.

Aeey ?aoaiey auoaia?a/eneaiiuo caaea/ auea eniieueciaaia aiaeiaay
aooaaeoa?neay io/aoiinoue III “Eani?iioic” ca 1998, 1999 aiaeu, a
eiaiii:

aooaaeoa?neee aaeain (oi?ia ? 1),

i?eeiaeaiea e aooaaeoa?neiio aaeaino (oi?ia ? 5)

io/ao i aeaeaeaiee aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa (oi?ia ? 4)

io/ao i i?eaueyo e oauoeao (oi?ia ? 2)

Iauaeoii enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony iauanoai n ia?aie/aiiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth “Eani?iioic”. I?aaeiao aiaeeca – oeiainiaua i?ioeannu
i?aaei?eyoey e eiia/iua i?iecaiaenoaaiii – oicyenoaaiiua ?acoeueoaou aai
aeayoaeueiinoe.

I?e i?iaaaeaiee aeaiiiai aiaeeca auee eniieueciaaiu neaaeothuea i?eaiu e
iaoiaeu:

ai?eciioaeueiue aiaeec aa?oeeaeueiue aiaeec,

aiaeec eiyooeoeeaioia (ioiineoaeueiuo iieacaoaeae),

n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec.

A aeaiiie ?aaioa i?iaiaeeony aiaeec oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe III
“Eani?iioic”. Yoi i?iecaiaenoaaiiia i?aaei?eyoea, eioi?ia caieiaaony
eanicaaioiaeaie, eaniieeaieai, aea?aaiia?aaioeie. Eiia/iie i?iaeoeoeeae
yaeythony ieeiiaoa?eaeu, eioi?ua i?aaei?eyoea ?aaeecoao eae ia
aioo?aiiai, oae e ia aiaoieo ?uieao. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ia i?aaei?eyoee
?aaioaao ieiei 176 /aeiaae.

A no?aia i/aiue neiaeiia yeiiiie/aneia iieiaeaiea, naycaiiia n i?inoiai
eanii?iiuoeaiiiai eiiieaena, io eioi?iai aeaaiui ia?acii caaeneo
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue ai?iaea. A nayce n yoei i?aaei?eyoey ai?iaea
iaoiaeyony a oneiaeyo iaaeaaii?eyoiie aiaoiae n?aaeu (acaeiiua
iaieaoaaee, n?uau iinoaaie e o. ae.). O ieo nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai
oeiainiauo e ae?oaeo i?iaeai, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeii aiaeece?iaaoue aeey
auyaeaiey eeth/aauo, e aiciiaeiinoe aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia ieo. A neeo
anaai auoa ia?a/eneaiiiai iaiaoiaeeii aeaoaeueii ?anniio?aoue ana
noi?iiu e aniaeou oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey.

1 NIAeA?AEAIEA OEIAINIAIAI AIAEECA

1.1 Nouiinoue aiaeeca oeiainiaiai aiaeeca e aai caaea/e

Niaea?aeaiea e iniiaiay oeaeaaay onoaiiaea oeiainiaiai aiaeeca –
ioeaiea oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey e auyaeaiea aiciiaeiinoe iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa n iiiiuueth
?aoeeiiaeueiie oeiainiaie iieeoeee. Oeiainiaia ninoiyiea oicyenoaothuaai
noauaeoa – yoi oa?aeoa?enoeea aai oeiainiaie eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe (o.a.
ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe, e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoe), eniieueciaaiey oeiainiauo
?ano?nia e eaieoaea, auiieiaiey iaycaoaeuenoa ia?aae ainoaea?noaii e
ae?oaeie oicyenoaothueie noauaeoaie.[1]

A o?aaeeoeeiiiii iiieiaiee oeiainiaue aiaeec i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaoiae
ioeaiee e i?iaiice?iaaiey oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey ia iniiaa
aai aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe. I?eiyoi auaeaeyoue aeaa aeaea oeiainiaiai
aiaeeca – aioo?aiiee e aiaoiee. Aioo?aiiee aiaeec i?iaiaeeony
?aaioieeaie i?aaei?eyoey (oeiainiauie iaiaaeaea?aie). Aiaoiee aiaeec
i?iaiaeeony aiaeeoeeaie, yaeythueieny iinoi?iiieie eeoeaie aeey
i?aaei?eyoey (iai?eia?, aoaeeoi?aie).

Aiaeec oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey i?aneaaeoao ianeieueei oeaeae:

ii?aaeaeaiea oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey;

auyaeaiea eciaiaiee a oeiainiaii ninoiyiee a i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiii
?ac?aca;

auyaeaiea iniiaiuo oaeoi?ia, aucuaathueo eciaiaiey a oeiainiaii
ninoiyiee;

i?iaiic iniiaiuo oaiaeaioeee oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey.

Aeinoeaeaiea yoeo oeaeae aeinoeaaaony n iiiiuueth ?acee/iuo iaoiaeia e
i?eaiia.

1.2 Eeanneoeeaoeey iaoiaeia e i?e?iia oeiainiaiai aiaeeca

Nouanoaotho ?acee/iua eeanneoeeaoeee iaoiaeia oeiainiaiai aiaeeca.
I?aeoeea oeiainiaiai aiaeeca au?aaioaea iniiaiua i?aaeea /oaiey
(iaoiaeeeo aiaeeca) oeiainiauo io/aoia. N?aaee iiaeii auaeaeeoue
iniiaiua:

Ai?eciioaeueiue aiaeec (a?aiaiiie) – n?aaiaiea eaaeaeie iiceoeee
io/aoiinoe n i?aaeuaeouei ia?eiaeii.

Aa?oeeaeueiue aiaeec (no?oeoo?iue) – ii?aaeaeaiea no?oeoo?u eoiaiauo
oeiainiauo iieacaoaeae, n auyaeaieai aeeyiey eaaeaeie iiceoeee
io/aoiinoe ia ?acoeueoao a oeaeii.

O?aiaeiaue aiaeec – n?aaiaiea eaaeaeie iiceoeee io/aoiinoe n ?yaeii
i?aaeoanoaothueo ia?eiaeia e ii?aaeaeaiea o?aiaea, o. a. Iniiaiie
oaiaeaioeee aeeiaieee iieacaoaey. N iiiiuueth o?aiaea aaaeaony
ia?niaeoeaiue i?iaiiciue aiaeec.

Aiaeec ioiineoaeueiuo iieacaoaeae (eiyooeoeeaioia) – ?an/ao ioiioaiee
iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie iiceoeeyie io/aoa eee iiceoeeyie ?aciuo oi?i
io/aoiinoe ii ioaeaeueiui iieacaoaeyi oe?iu, ii?aaeaeaiea acaeiinayce
iieacaoaeae.

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec – yoi eae aioo?eoicyenoaaiiue aiaeec naiaeiuo
iieacaoaeae io/aoiinoe ii ioaeaeueiui iieacaoaeyi oe?iu,
iiae?acaeaeaiee, oeaoia, oae e iaaeoicyenoaaiiue aiaeec iieacaoaeae
aeaiiie oe?iu n iieacaoaeyie eiieo?aioia, ni n?aaeia io?aneaauie e
n?aaeieie oicyenoaaiiuie aeaiiuie.

1.3 Eioi?iaoeeiiiay aaca oeiainiaiai aiaeeca

A oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee aooaaeoa?neay io/?oiinoue oicyenoaothueo
noauaeoia noaiiaeony iniiaiui n?aaenoaii eiiioieeaoeee e aaaeiaeoei
yeaiaioii eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey oeiainiaiai aiaeeca. Ethaia
i?aaei?eyoea a oie eee eiie noaiaie iinoiyiii ioaeaeaaony a
aeiiieieoaeueiuo enoi/ieeao oeiaine?iaaiey. Iaeoe eo iiaeii ia ?uiea
eaieoaeia, i?eaeaeay iioaioeeaeueiuo eiaanoi?ia e e?aaeeoi?ia ioo?i
iauaeoeaiiai eioi?ie?iaaiey eo i naiae oeiainiai- oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, oi anoue a iniiaiii n iiiiuueth oeiainiaie io/?oiinoe.
Ianeieueei i?eaeaeaoaeueiu iioaeeeiaaiiua oeiainiaua ?acoeueoaou,
iieacuaathuea oaeouaa e ia?niaeoeaiia oeiainiaia ninoiyiea i?aaei?eyoey,
ianoieueei auniea e aa?iyoiinoue iieo/aiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo enoi/ieeia
oeiaine?iaaiey.

Iniiaiia o?aaiaaiea e eioi?iaoeee, i?aaenoaaeaiiie a io/aoiinoe
caeeth/aaony a oii, /oiau iia auea iieaciie aeey iieueciaaoaeae, o. a.
/oiau yoo eioi?iaoeeth iiaeii auei eniieueciaaoue aeey i?eiyoey
iainiiaaiiuo aeaeiauo ?aoaiee. *oiau auoue iieaciie, eioi?iaoeey
aeieaeia ioaa/aoue niioaaonoaothuei e?eoa?eyi [1]:

Oianoiinoue icia/aao, /oi aeaiiay eioi?iaoeey cia/eia e ieacuaaao
aeeyiea ia ?aoaiea, i?eieiaaiia iieueciaaoaeai. Eioi?iaoeey n/eoaaony
oaeaea oianoiie, anee iia iaania/eaaao aiciiaeiinoue ia?niaeoeaiiai e
?ao?iniaeoeaiiai aiaeeca.

Aeinoiaa?iinoue eioi?iaoeee ii?aaeaeyaony aa i?aaaeeainoueth,
i?aiaeaaeaiey yeiiiie/aneiai niaea?aeaiey iaae th?eaee/aneie oi?iie,
aiciiaeiinoueth i?iaa?ee e aeieoiaioaeueiie iainiiaaiiinoueth.

Eioi?iaoeey n/eoaaony i?aaaeeaie, anee iia ia niaea?aeeo ioeaie e
i?eno?anoiuo ioeaiie, a oaeaea ia oaeueneoeoee?oao niauoee oicyenoaaiiie
aeecie.

Iaeo?aeueiinoue i?aaeiieaaaao, /oi oeiainiaay io/aoiinoue ia aeaeaao
aeoeaioa ia oaeiaeaoai?aiea eioa?ania iaeiie a?oiiu iieueciaaoaeae iauae
io/aoiinoe a oua?a ae?oaie.

Iiiyoiinoue icia/aao, /oi iieueciaaoaee iiaoo iiiyoue niaea?aeaiea
io/aoiinoe aac niaoeeaeueiie i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee.

Niiinoaaeiinoue o?aaoao, /oiau aeaiiua i aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey
auee niiinoaaeiu n aiaeiae/iie eioi?iaoeeae i aeayoaeueiinoe ae?oaeo
oe?i.

A oiaea oi?ie?iaaiey io/aoiie eioi?iaoeee aeieaeiu niaethaeaoueny
ii?aaeaeaiiua ia?aie/aiey ia eioi?iaoeeth, aeeth/aaioth a io/aoiinoue:

Iioeiaeueiia niioiioaiea cao?ao e auaiae, icia/athuaa, /oi cao?aou ia
ninoaaeaiea io/aoiinoe aeieaeiu ?acoiii niioiineoueny n auaiaeaie,
ecaeaeaaiuie i?aaei?eyoeai io i?aaenoaaeaiey yoeo aeaiiuo
caeioa?aniaaiiui iieueciaaoaeyi.

I?eioeei inoi?iaeiinoe (eiina?aaoecia) i?aaeiieaaaao, /oi aeieoiaiou
io/aoiinoe ia aeieaeiu aeiioneaoue caauoaiiie ioeaiee aeoeaia e i?eauee
e caieaeaiiie ioeaiee iaycaoaeuenoa.

Eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoue o?aaoao, /oiau io/aoiay eioi?iaoeey ia
niaea?aeaea aeaiiuo, eioi?ua iiaoo iaianoe oua?a eiieo?aioiui iiceoeeyi
i?aaei?eyoey.

1.4 Iniiaiua iiaeoiaeu e oeiainiaiio aiaeeco

?aciua aaoi?u i?aaeeaaatho ?aciua iaoiaeeee oeiainiaiai aiaeeca.
Aeaoaeecaoeey i?ioeaaeo?iie noi?iiu iaoiaeeee oeiainiaiai aiaeeca
caaeneo io iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae, a oaeaea ?acee/iuo oaeoi?ia
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai, a?aiaiiiai, iaoiaee/aneiai e oaoie/aneiai iaania/aiey.
Eiaeea aiaeeoe/aneie ?aaiou i?aaeiieaaaao aa i?aaiecaoeeth a aeaea
aeaooiiaeoeueiie no?oeoo?u:

yeni?ann-aiaeec oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey,

aeaoaeece?iaaiiue aiaeec oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey.[3]

Yeni?ann-aiaeec oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey.

Aai oeaeueth yaeyaony iaaeyaeiay e i?inoay ioeaiea oeiainiaiai
aeaaiiieo/ey e aeeiaieee ?acaeoey oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa. A i?ioeanna
aiaeeca A.A. Eiaaeaa i?aaeeaaaao ?ann/eoaoue ?acee/iua iieacaoaee e
aeiiieieoue eo iaoiaeaie, iniiaaiiuie ia iiuoa e eaaeeoeeaoeee
niaoeeaeenoa.

Aaoi? n/eoaao, /oi yeni?ann-aiaeec oeaeaniia?acii auiieiyoue a o?e
yoaia: iiaeaioiaeoaeueiue yoai, i?aaeaa?eoaeueiue iaci? oeiainiaie
io/aoiinoe, yeiiiie/aneia /oaiea e aiaeec io/aoiinoe.

Oeaeue ia?aiai yoaia – i?eiyoue ?aoaiea i oeaeaniia?aciinoe aiaeeca
oeiainiaie io/aoiinoe e oaaaeeoueny a aa aioiaiinoe e /oaieth. Caeanue
i?iaiaeeony aecoaeueiay e i?inoaeoay n/aoiay i?iaa?ea io/aoiinoe ii
oi?iaeueiui i?eciaeai e ii nouanoao: ii?aaeaeyaony iaee/ea anao
iaiaoiaeeiuo oi?i e i?eeiaeaiee, ?aeaeceoia e iiaeienae, i?iaa?yaony
i?aaeeueiinoue e yniinoue anao io/aoiuo oi?i; i?iaa?ythony aaethoa
aaeaina e ana i?iiaaeooi/iua eoiae.

Oeaeue aoi?iai yoaia – iciaeiieaiea n iiynieoaeueiie caieneie e aaeaino.
Yoi iaiaoiaeeii aeey oiai, /oiau ioeaieoue oneiaey ?aaiou a io/aoiii
ia?eiaea, ii?aaeaeeoue oaiaeaioeee iniiaiuo iieacaoaeae aeayoaeueiinoe,
a oaeaea ea/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey a eiouanoaaiiii e oeiainiaii iieiaeaiee
oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa.

O?aoee yoai – iniiaiie a yeni?ann-aiaeeca; aai oeaeue – iaiauaiiay
ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe e oeiainiaiai
ninoiyiey iauaeoa. Oaeie aiaeec i?iaiaeeony n oie eee eiie noaiaiueth
aeaoaeecaoeee a eioa?anao ?acee/iuo iieueciaaoaeae (oaaeeoea 1).

A.A. Eiaaeaa i?aaeeaaaao i?iaiaeeoue yeni?ann-aiaeec oeiainiaiai
ninoiyiey ii auoa eceiaeaiiie iaoiaeeea. Yeni?ann-aiaeec iiaeao
caaa?oaoueny auaiaeii i oeaeaniia?aciinoe eee iaiaoiaeeiinoe aieaa
oaeoaeaiiiai e aeaoaeueiiai aiaeeca oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia e
oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey.[1]

Aeaoaeece?iaaiiue aiaeec oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey.

Aai oeaeue – aieaa iiae?iaiay oa?aeoa?enoeea eiouanoaaiiiai e
oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa, ?acoeueoaoia aai
aeayoaeueiinoe a enoaeathuai io/aoiii ia?eiaea, a oaeaea aiciiaeiinoae
?acaeoey noauaeoa ia ia?niaeoeao. Ii eiie?aoece?oao, aeiiieiyao e
?anoe?yao ioaeaeueiua i?ioeaaeo?u yeni?ann-aiaeeca. I?e yoii noaiaiue
aeaoaeecaoeee caaeneo io aeaeaiea aiaeeoeea.

Oaaeeoea 1- Niaieoiiinoue aiaeeoe/aneeo iieacaoaeae aeey
yeni?ann-aiaeeca.

Iai?aaeaiea aiaeeca Iieacaoaee

1. Ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneiai iioaioeeaea noauaeoa oicyenoaiaaiey.

1.1. Ioeaiea eiouanoaaiiiai iieiaeaiey Aaee/eia iniiaiuo n?aaenoa e eo
aeiey a iauae noiia aeoeaia.

Eiyooeoeeaio eciina iniiaiuo n?aaenoa.

Iauay noiia oicyenoaaiiuo n?aaenoa, iaoiaeyueony a ?anii?yaeaiee
i?aaei?eyoey.

1.2. Ioeaiea oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey. Aaee/eia nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa e eo
aeiey a iauae noiia enoi/ieeia.

Eiyooeoeeaio iie?uoey (iauee).

Aeiey nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa a iauae eo noiia.

Aeiey aeieain?i/iuo caaiiuo n?aaenoa a iauae noiia enoi/ieeia.

Eiyooeoeeaio iie?uoey caiania.

1.3. Iaee/ea «aieueiuo» noaoae a io/aoiinoe. Oauoee.

Nnoaeu e caeiu, ia iiaaoaiiua a n?ie.

I?in?i/aiiay aeaaeoi?neay e e?aaeeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue.

Aaenaey auaeaiiua (iieo/aiiua) i?in?i/aiiua.

2. Ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

2.1. Ioeaiea i?eaueueiinoe. I?eaueue.

?aioaaaeueiinoue iauay.

?aioaaaeueiinoue iniiaiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

2.2. Ioeaiea aeeiaie/iinoe. N?aaieoaeueiua oaiiu ?inoa au?o/ee, i?eauee
e aaaine?iaaiiiai eaieoaea.

Iai?a/eaaaiinoue aeoeaia

I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iia?aoeeiiiiai e oeiainiaiai oeeeea.

Eiyooeoeeaio iiaaoaaiinoe aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.

2.3. Ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey yeiiiie/aneiai iioaioeeaea.
?aioaaaeueiinoue aaaine?iaaiiiai eaieoaea.

?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea.

A.A. Eiaaeaa i?aaeeaaaao neaaeothuoth i?ia?aiio oaeoaeaiiiai aiaeeca
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey[1]:

1.I?aaeaa?eoaeueiue iaci? yeiiiie/aneiai e oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey
noauaeoa oicyenoaiaaiey.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea iauae iai?aaeaiiinoe oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe.

Auyaeaiea «aieueiuo» noaoae io/aoiinoe.

2. Ioeaiea e aiaeec yeiiiie/aneiai iioaioeeaea noauaeoa oicyenoaiaaiey.

Ioeaiea eiouanoaaiiiai iieiaeaiey.

Iino?iaiea aiaeeoe/aneiai aaeaina-iaooi.

Aa?oeeaeueiue aiaeec aaeaina.

Ai?eciioaeueiue aiaeec aaeaina.

Aiaeec ea/anoaaiiuo naeaeaia a eiouanoaaiiii iieiaeaiee.

Ioeaiea oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey.

Ioeaiea eeeaeaeiinoe.

Ioeaiea oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe.

3.Ioeaiea e aiaeec ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoa oicyenoaiaaiey.

Ioeaiea iniiaiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Aiaeec ?aioaaaeueiinoe.

Ioeaiea iieiaeaiey ia ?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaiuo iieacaoaeae, eniieuecoaiuo a aiaeeca
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe aoaeao i?iaaaeaia a i?aeoe/aneie
/anoe aeaiiie ?aaiou.

?anniio?ei aeaeaa iaoiaeeeo aiaeeca oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey,
i?aaeeaaaaioth E.O. Aaeaaaiiaui a aai eieaa «Iniiau oeiainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioa».[4]

Aeaeaeaiea ethauo OIOe, o?oaeiauo e iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia
nii?iaiaeaeaaony ia?aciaaieai e ?anoiaeiaaieai aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa,
iiyoiio oeiainiaia ninoiyiea oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa io?aaeaao ana
noi?iiu aai i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oi?aiaie aeayoaeueiinoe. Oa?aeoa?enoeeo
oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey E.O. Aaeaaaiia i?aaeeaaaao i?iaanoe ii neaaeothuae
noaia:[4]

aiaeec aeioiaeiinoe (?aioaaaeueiinoe);

aiaeec oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe;

aiaeec e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoe;

aiaeec eniieueciaaiey eaieoaea;

aiaeec o?iaiy naiioeiaine?iaaiey;

aiaeec aaethoiie naiiieoiaaiinoe.

Aiaeec aeioiaeiinoe oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa oa?aeoa?ecoaony
aaniethoiuie e ioiineoaeueiuie iieacaoaeyie. Aaniethoiue iieacaoaeue
aeioiaeiinoe – yoi noiia i?eauee, eee aeioiaeia.

Ioiineoaeueiue iieacaoaeue – o?iaaiue ?aioaaaeueiinoe. ?aioaaaeueiinoue
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aeioiaeiinoue, eee i?eaueueiinoue
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oi?aiaiai i?ioeanna. Aa aaee/eia ecia?yaony o?iaiai
?aioaaaeueiinoe. O?iaaiue ?aioaaaeueiinoe oicyenoaothueo noauaeoia,
naycaiiuo n i?iecaiaenoaii i?iaeoeoeee (oiaa?ia, ?aaio, oneoa),
ii?aaeaeyaony i?ioeaioiui ioiioaieai i?eauee io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee
e naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee[4].

A i?ioeanna aiaeeca eco/atho aeeiaieeo eciaiaiey iauaia /enoie i?eauee,
o?iaiy ?aioaaaeueiinoe e oaeoi?u, eo ii?aaeaeythuea.

Oeiainiai onoie/eaui n/eoaaony oaeia i?aaei?eyoea, eioi?ia ca n/ao
nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa iie?uaaao n?aaenoaa, aeiaeaiiua a aeoeau (iniiaiua
oiiaeu, IIA, iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa), ia aeiioneaao iaii?aaaeaiiie
aeaaeoi?neie e e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe e ?aniea/eaaaony a n?ie ii
naiei iaycaoaeuenoaai. Aeaaiui a oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe yaeythony
i?aaeeueiay i?aaiecaoeey e eniieueciaaiea iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa. Iiyoiio a
i?ioeanna aiaeeca oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey aii?inai ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
eniieueciaaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa oaeaeyao iniiaiia aieiaiea.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe aeeth/aao a naay aiaeec:

ninoaa e ?aciauaiea aeoeaia oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa;

aeeiaieee e no?oeoo?u enoi/ieeia oeiainiauo ?ano?nia;

iaee/ey nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa;

e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe;

iaee/ey e no?oeoo?u iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa;

aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe;

ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe.

Iiae e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoueth oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa iiieiaaony iaee/ea
o iaai i?aaeiinueie aeey iieo/aiey e?aaeeoa e niiniaiinoue aica?aoeoue
aai a n?ie. E?aaeeoiniiniaiinoue caaiueea oa?aeoa?ecoaony aai
aeeo?aoiinoueth i?e ?an/aoao ii ?aiaa iieo/aiiui e?aaeeoai, aai oaeouei
oeiainiaui ninoiyieai e ia?niaeoeaaie eciaiaiey, niiniaiinoueth i?e
iaiaoiaeeiinoe iiaeeeciaaoue aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa ec ?acee/iuo
enoi/ieeia.

I?e aiaeeca e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoe eniieuecoaony oeaeue ?yae iieacaoaeae.
Iaeaieaa aaaeiuie ec ieo yaeythony, ii?ia i?eauee ia aeiaeaiiue eaieoae
e eeeaeaeiinoue. Ii?ia i?eauee ia aeiaeaiiue eaieoae ii?aaeaeyaony
ioiioaieai noiiu i?eauee e iauae noiia ianneaa ii aaeaino. Eeeaeaeiinoue
oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa – yoi niiniaiinoue aai auno?i iiaaoaoue naith
caaeieaeaiiinoue. Iia ii?aaeaeyaony niioiioaieai aaee/eiu
caaeieaeaiiinoe e eeeaeaeiuo n?aaenoa. Aieaa iiae?iaii iieacaoaee
oa?aeoa?ecothuea eeeaeaeiinoue aoaeoo ?anniio?aiu ai aoi?ie aeaaa
aeaiiie ?aaiou.

Aeiaeaiea eaieoaea aeieaeii auoue yooaeoeaiui. Iiae yooaeoeaiinoueth
eniieueciaaiey eaieoaea iiieiaaony aaee/eia i?eauee, i?eoiaeyuayny ia
iaeei ?oaeue aeiaeaiiiai eaieoaea. Yooaeoeaiinoue eaieoaea –
eiiieaeniia iiiyoea, aeeth/athuaa a naay eniieueciaaiea iai?ioiuo
n?aaenoa, iniiaiuo oiiaeia e IIA. Iiyoiio aiaeec yooaeoeaiinoe eaieoaea
i?iaiaeeony ii ioaeaeueiui /anoyi.

1.Yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa oa?aeoa?ecothony,
i?aaeaea anaai, eo iai?a/eaaaiinoueth. Iiae iai?a/eaaaiinoueth n?aaenoa
iiieiaaony i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue i?ioiaeaeaiey n?aaenoaaie ioaeaeueiuo
noaaeee i?iecaiaenoaa e ia?auaiey. Iai?a/eaaaiinoue iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa
en/eneyaony i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoueth iaeiiai iai?ioa a aeiyo eee
eiee/anoaii iai?ioia ca io/aoiue ia?eiae

2.Yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey eaieoaea a oeaeii. Eaieoae a oeaeii
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie noiio iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, iniiaiuo oiiaeia e IIA.
Yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey eaieoaea eo/oa anaai ecia?yaony aai
?aioaaaeueiinoueth. O?iaaiue ?aioaaaeueiinoe eaieoaea ecia?yaony
i?ioeaioiui ioiioaieai aaeainiaie i?eauee e aaee/eia eaieoaea.

Naiioeiaine?iaaiea icia/aao oeiaine?iaaiea ca n/ao nianoaaiiuo
enoi/ieeia: aii?oecaoeeiiiuo io/eneaiee e i?eauee. Yooaeoeaiinoue
naiioeiaine?iaaiey e aai o?iaaiue caaenyo io oaeaeueiiai aana
nianoaaiiuo enoi/ieeia. O?iaaiue naiioeiaine?iaaiey iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue
n iiiiuueth eiyooeoeeaioa naiioeiaine?iaaiey:

, aaea I – i?eaueue, iai?aaeyaiay a oiiae iaeiieaiey;

A – aii?oecaoeeiiiua io/eneaiey;

E – caaiiua n?aaenoaa;

C – e?aaeeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue e ae?. i?eaea/aiiua
n?aaenoaa.

Iaeiaei oicyenoaothuee noauaeo ia anaaaea iiaeao iieiinoueth iaania/eoue
naay nianoaaiiuie oeiainiauie ?ano?naie e iiyoiio oe?iei eniieuecoao
caaiiua e i?eaea/aiiua aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa, eae yeaiaio, aeiiieiythuee
naiioeiaine?iaaiey.

I?eioeei aaethoiie naiiieoiaaiinoe caeeth/aaony a i?aauoaiee
iinooieaiee aaethou iaae aai ?anoiaeaie. Niaethaeaiea yoiai i?eioeeia
icia/aao, /oi oicyenoaothuee noauaeo ia «i?iaaeaao» naie aaethoiue
oiiae, a iinoiyiii iaeaieeaaao aai.

Neaaeothuee enoi/iee ii ?anniao?eaaaiie i?iaeaia yoi o/aaiee iiae
?aaeaeoeeae A. N. Noiyiiaie «Oeiainiaue iaiaaeaeiaio: oai?ey e
i?aeoeea». Aeaiiue aaoi? iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyao niaoeeoe/aneei
iaoiaeii aiaeeca: yoi ?an/aou yooaeoa oeiainiaiai ?u/aaa e
iia?aoeeiiiiai ?u/aaa, a oaeaea ?an/aoo oeiainiauo eiyooeoeeaioia[5].

Aaaeiaeoeie eiyooeoeeaioaie io/aoiinoe, eniieuecothueieny a oeiainiaii
oi?aaeaiee ii A. N. Noiyiiaie, yaeythony[5]:

eiyooeoeeaiou eeeaeaeiinoe (eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe, n?i/iie
eeeaeaeiinoe e /enoue iai?ioiue eaieoae);

eiyooeoeeaiou aeaeiaie aeoeaiinoe eee yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey
?ano?nia (iai?a/eaaaiinoue aeoeaia, iai?a/eaaaiinoue aeaaeoi?neie
caaeieaeaiiinoe, iai?a/eaaaiinoue iaoa?eaeueii – i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
caiania e aeeeoaeueiinoue iia?aoeeiiiiai oeeeea);

eiyooeoeeaiou ?aioaaaeueiinoe (?aioaaaeueiinoue anao aeoeaia
i?aaei?eyoey, ?aioaaaeueiinoue ?aaeecaoeee, ?aioaaaeueiinoue
nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea);

eiyooeoeeaiou no?oeoo?u eaieoaea (eiyooeoeeaio nianoaaiiinoe,
eiyooeoeeaio oeiainiaie caaeneiinoe, eiyooeoeeaio caueuaiiinoe
e?aaeeoi?ia);

eiyooeoeeaiou ?uii/iie aeoeaiinoe (i?eaueue ia iaeio aeoeeth, aaeainiaay
noieiinoue iaeiie aeoeee, niioiioaiea ?uii/iie oeaiu aeoeee e aa
aaeainiaie noieiinoe, aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee e aeiey auiea/aiiuo
aeeaeaeaiaeia).

Aaaeiui eino?oiaioii oeiainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa yaeyaony ia oieueei
aiaeec o?iaiy e aeeiaieee iniiaiuo eiyooeoeeaioia a n?aaiaiee n
ii?aaeaeaiiie aacie, n/eoaao aaoi?, ii e ii?aaeaeaiey iioeiaeueiuo
i?iii?oeee iaaeaeo ieie n oeaeueth ?ac?aaioee iaeaieaa
eiieo?aioiniiniaiie oeiainiaie no?aoaaee.[6]

Yooaeo oeiainiaiai ?u/aaa – yoi i?e?auaiea e ?aioaaaeueiinoe nianoaaiiuo
n?aaenoa, iieo/aaiia aeaaiaea?y eniieueciaaieth e?aaeeoa, ianiio?y ia
ieaoiinoue iineaaeiaai. I?aaei?eyoea, eniieuecothuaa oieueei nianoaaiiua
n?aaenoaa, ia?aie/eaaao eo ?aioaaaeueiinoue i?eia?ii aeaoiy o?aoyie
yeiiiie/aneie ?aioaaaeueiinoe. I?aaei?eyoea, eniieuecothuea e?aaeeo,
oaaee/eaaao eeai oiaiueoaao ?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa, a
caaeneiinoe io niioiioaiey nianoaaiiuo e caaiiuo n?aaenoa a ianneaa e io
aaee/eiu i?ioeaioiie noaaee. Oiaaea e aicieeaao yooaeo oeiainiaiai
?u/aaa.[6]

YO?=2/3(Y?-N?NI)oCN/NN

Aaea Y?, yeiiiie/aneay ?aioaaaeueiinoue, ?aaiay ioiioaieth i?eauee aei
auieaou i?ioeaioia e iaeiaia e aeoeaai;

N?NI – n?aaeia?an/aoiay noaaea i?ioeaioa;

CN – caaiiua n?aaenoaa;

NN – nianoaaiiua n?aaenoaa.

Oi anoue aeey oiai, /oiau iiauneoue ?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiuo
n?aaenoa, i?aaei?eyoea aeieaeii ?aaoee?iaaoue niioiioaiea nianoaaiiuo e
caaiiuo n?aaenoa.

Aieueoia aieiaiea A.N. Noiyiiaa oaeaeyao iia?aoeeiiiiio aiaeeco,
iacuaaaiiio oaeaea aiaeecii “ecaea?aeee-iauai-i?eaueue”, – io?aaeathuei
caaeneiinoue oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia aeciana io ecaea?aeae e iauaiia
i?iecaiaenoaa e nauoa[6].

Eeth/aauie yeaiaioaie iia?aoeeiiiiai aiaeeca neoaeeo: iia?aoeeiiiue
?u/aa, ii?ia ?aioaaaeueiinoe e caian oeiainiaie i?i/iinoe.

Aeaenoaea iia?aoeeiiiiai ?u/aaa i?iyaeyaony a oii, /oi ethaia eciaiaiea
au?o/ee io ?aaeecaoeee anaaaea ii?iaeaeaao aieaa neeueiia eciaiaiea
i?eauee. A i?aeoe/aneeo ?an/aoao aeey ii?aaeaeaiey neeu aicaeaenoaey
iia?aoeeiiiiai ?u/aaa i?eiaiytho ioiioaiea aaeiaie ia?aee (?acoeueoaoa
io ?aaeecaoeee iinea aiciauaiey ia?aiaiiuo cao?ao) e i?eauee.[6]

Ii?ia ?aioaaaeueiinoe – yoa oaeay au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee, i?e eioi?ie
i?aaei?eyoea oaea ia eiaao oauoeia, ii aua ia eiaao e i?eauee. Au/eneea
ii?ia ?aioaaaeueiinoe, iieo/aai ii?iaiaia (e?eoe/aneia) cia/aiea iauaia
i?iecaiaenoaa – ieaea yoiai eiee/anoaa i?aaei?eyoeth i?iecaiaeeoue ia
auaiaeii: iaieaeaony naaa aei?iaea. I?ieaey ii?ia ?aioaaaeueiinoe, oe?ia
eiaao aeiiieieoaeueioth noiio aaeiaie ia?aee ia eaaeaeoth i/a?aaeioth
aaeeieoeo oiaa?a. Ia?aueaaaony e ianna i?eauee.

?acieoea iaaeaeo aeinoeaiooie oaeoe/aneie au?o/eie io ?aaeecaoeee e
ii?iaii ?aioaaaeueiinoe ninoaaeyao caian oeiainiaie i?i/iinoe.

Oae eae a aeaiiie ?aaioa ia eniieuecothony yeaiaiou iia?aoeeiiiiai
aiaeeca, oi iao niunea aieaa iiae?iaii inoaiaaeeaaoueny ia auoa
iienaiiii iaoiaea.

2 AIAEEC OEIAINIAIAI NINOIssIEss I?AAeI?EssOEss

2.1 I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea III «Eani?iioic»

A aeaiiie ?aaioa i?iaiaeeony aiaeec oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe III
“Eani?iioic”. Yoi i?iecaiaenoaaiiia i?aaei?eyoea, eioi?ia caieiaaony
eanicaaioiaeaie, eaniieeaieai, aea?aaiia?aaioeie, a oaeaea
oi?aiai-caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth. Eiia/iie i?iaeoeoeeae yaeythony
ieeiiaoa?eaeu, eioi?ua i?aaei?eyoea ?aaeecoao ia aioo?aiiai ?uiea. A
ianoiyuaa a?aiy ia i?aaei?eyoee ?aaioaao ieiei 176 /aeiaae.

III “Eani?iioic”, a aeaeueiaeoai «Iauanoai», iaoiaeeony a a. Iaeeiia

oe. Ca?a/iay 17. «Iauanoai» yaeyaony th?eaee/aneei eeoeii e aeaenoaoao
ia iniiaaiee Onoaaa e aeaenoaothuaai Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ?O. Iieiia
iaeiaiiaaiea iauanoaa – iauanoai n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth
«Eani?iioic».

«Iauanoai» eiaao naiinoiyoaeueiue aaeain, ?an/aoiue, aaethoiue e
eiua n/aoa a o/?aaeaeaieyo aaieia. Iieuecoaony eiiia?/aneeie e
aaieianeeie e?aaeeoaie, eiaao e?oaeoth ia/aoue, ooaii, aeaie ni naieie
iaeiaiiaaieyie.

«Iauanoai» nicaeaii e ?aaioaao a oeaeyo aieaa iieiiai
oaeiaeaoai?aiey iio?aaiinoae ianaeaiey e i?iiuoeaiiinoe e?ay a
eanicaaioiaeoaeueiie i?iaeoeoeee, iieo/aiey i?eauee io
oi?aiai-caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoe. Aeey auiieiaiey naieo oeaeae
«Iauanoai» inouanoaeyao neaaeothuea aeaeu aeayoaeueiinoe:

– niaianoioth eiiia?/aneoth e niaaaeai/anei-nauoiaoth
iin?aaeie/aneoth aeayoaeueiinoue a iaeanoe caeoiie, o?aiaiey,
?aaeecaoeee ?acee/iie eanicaaioiaeoaeueiie i?iaeoeoeee;

– i?aaiecoao ia?aaioeo ae?aaaneiu;

– i?eia?aoaao e iinoaaeyao eanicaaioiaee, auiieiyao ?aaiou ca n/ao
nianoaaiiuo e i?eaea/aiiuo n?aaenoa;

– inouanoaeyao ?icie/ioth e iioiaoth oi?aiaeth ia oa??eoi?ee
E?aniiaea?neiai e?ay.

?aaioay a iiauo oneiaeyo neiaeiie ?uii/iie yeiiiieee, eieeaeoea III
«Eani?iioic» ii ?acoeueoaoai ?aaiou i?aaei?eyoey eiaao neaaeothuea
iieacaoaee, eioi?ua io?aaeaiiu a oaaeeoea 2.:

Oaaeeoea 2. – Yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey

Iaeiaiiaaiea iieacaoaey 1998 aiae 1999 aiae Ioeeiiaiey

+ / – %

1. Au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia, ?aaio oneoa (ca ieionii IAeN,
aeoeecia e aiaeiae/iuo iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae (A). 5 649 432 7 504 492
+1 855 060 132,8

2.Naaanoieiinoue ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia, i?iaeoeoeee, ?aaio, oneoa (N). 4
341 500 6 396 664 2 055 164 147,3

3. Eiiia?/aneea ?anoiaeu (E?). 441 138 300 612 -140 526 68,1

4. Oi?aaeai/aneea ?anoiaeu (O?). 665 264 607 712 -57 552 91,3

5.I?eaueue ( oauoie) io ?aaeecaoeee (no?. 010-020-030-040) (I?) 201 530
199 504 -2 026 99

6.I?i/ea iia?aoeeiiiua aeioiaeu (I?Ae). 20 689 150 170 129 481 A 7,2 ?ac

7.I?i/ea iia?aoeeiiiua ?anoiaeu (I??). 165 224 256 997 91 773 155,5

7.I?eaueue ( oauoie) io oeiainiai- oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe( no?.
050 + 060-070+080+090-100) (Iooae). 56 995 100 643 43 648 176,5

8.I?i/ea aia?aaeecaoeeiiiua aeioiaeu .

9. I?i/ea aia?aaeecaoeeiiiua ?anoiaeu (Ai?). 46 135 27 409 -18 726 59,4

10.I?eaueue (oauoie) io/?oiiai ia?eiaea (no?. 110+120-130) (Ia). 10 860
73 234 62 374 A 6 ?ac

11.Iaeia ia i?eaueue (II). 2 759 12 587 9 792 A 4,5 ?aca

12.Ioaea/?iiua n?aaenoaa (IoN). 258 013 121 047 -136 966 46,9

13.Ia?ani?aaeae?iiay i?eaueue (oauoie) io/?oiiai ia?eiaea (no?.
140-150-160) (Ii). -249 912 -60 400 -310 312 24,2

N?aaeianieniiay /eneaiiinoue 178 176 -2 0,95

Ca aiaeece?oaiue ia?eiae au?o/ea i?aaei?eyoey a 1999 aiaeo oaaee/eeanue
ia 1 855 060 ?oa., /oi ninoaaeyao 132,8 % ii n?aaiaieth n 1998 aiaeii.
Yoi naycaii n oaaee/aieai iauaia auionea i?iaeoeoeee e iiauoaieai aa
ea/anoaa. A ?acoeueoaoa ni?in ia aioiaoth i?iaeoeoeeth iiauneeny.

Ec aeaiiuo oaaeeoeu aeaeii, /oi aaeainiaay i?eaueue a 1999 aiaeo
nouanoaaiii oaaee/eeanue ii n?aaiaieth n 1998 aiaeii ia 62 374 oun.
?oa. eee a 6 ?ac. A 1998 aiaeo i?eaueue ii n?aaiaieth n 1997 aiaeii
iaiai?io ?acei nieceeanue ia 1 726 460 oun. ?oa. eee a 159 ?ac. Oaeei
ia?acii, iaiaoeeanue iieiaeeoaeueiay oaiaeaioeey eciaiaiey aaee/eiu
aaeainiaie i?eauee. Oaaee/aieth aaeainiaie i?eauee niinianoaiaaei:
Oaaee/aiea i?eauee io oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ia 43 648
oun. ?oa. eee ia 76,5%. Ia auoaoeacaiiia oaaee/aiea iiaeeyei:

Iiyaeaoayny noaouey aeioiaeia – «I?ioeaiou e iieo/aieth» a noiia 7 966
oun. ?oa., /oi oaaee/eei aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ia 10,8%.

I?aauoaiea aaniethoiiai eciaiaiey iia?aoeeiiiuo aeioiaeia iaae
aaniethoiui eciaiaieai iia?aoeeiiiuo ?anoiaeia ia 37 707 oun. ?oa. (129
481 – 91 783).

Nieaeaieth aaeainiaie i?eauee niinianoaiaaei:

Oauoie io aia?aaeecaoeeiiiuo iia?aoeee a noiia 27 409 oun. ?oa.,
nieceaoee aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ia 37,4%. Ioaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi ii
n?aaiaieth n 1998 aiaeii a io/?oiii aiaeo i?iecioei nieaeaiea
aeaiiiai oauoea ia 18 726 oun. ?oa. eee ii/oe a 3?aca;

Iacia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea ieacaei nie?auaiea i?eauee io ?aaeecaoeee ia 2
026 oun. ?oa. eee ia 1%, /oi i?eaaei e nieaeaieth aaeainiaie i?eauee ia
2,8%.

Oaeei ia?acii, oaeoi?u oiaiueoathuea aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ii noiia auee
ia?ae?uou aeaenoaeai oaaee/eaathueo a? oaeoi?ia, /oi a eoiaa e
iaoneiaeei ?ino aaeainiaie i?eauee a io/aoiii aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n
i?aaeuaeouei ii/oe a 6 ?ac.

N?aaeianieni/iay /eneaiiinoue ?aai/eo ca io/aoiue ia?eiae oiaiueoeeanue
ia 2 /aeiaae ii n?aaiaieth n aiaeiae/iui ia?eiaeii ca 1998 aiae. Aeaiiia
ianoiyoaeuenoai yaeeinue neaaenoaeai nie?auaiey ooaoia i?aaei?eyoey.

No?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey III «Eani?iioic» i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?enoiea 1
(i?eeiaeaiea 4). Ia aeaiiii ?enoiea iieacaiu ooieoeeiiaeueiua
acaeiinayce aiia?aoa oi?aaeaiey e no?oeoo?iuo iiae?acaeaeaiee.

Aaia?aeueiue aee?aeoi? auiieiyao neaaeothuea ooieoeee:
aeaeaae?iaaiea iieiiii/ee oi?aaeaiey ii ooieoeeiiaeueiui ioaeaeai ia
aieaa ieceea o?iaie oi?aaeaiey; oi?ie?iaaiea iaueo i?eioeeiia e
iai?aaeaiee a ?acaeoee i?aaei?eyoey, nicaeaiea aaeieieno?aoeaiie
no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey, nenoaiu i?eiyoey aaeieieno?aoeaiuo ?aoaiee,
inouanoaeaiea iauaai eiio?iey ca aeayoaeueiinoueth ioaeaeia.

Ia/aeueiee ioaeaea eaae?ia caieiaaony oi?ie?iaaieai eaae?ia ia
i?aaei?eyoee, inouanoaeyao ia?aaiai?u i caeeth/aiee o?oaeiauo
niaeaoaiee, ioaa/aao ca ?anniio?aiea o?oaeiauo eiioeeeoia.

Einiaeoi? ii eaae?ai ioaa/aao ca iaai?, ioai? e ?annoaiiaeo
?aaioieeia. Nae?aoa?eao caieiaaony ia?aaioeie aoiaeyuae aeieoiaioaoeee,
ioi?ieaieai i?aaiecaoeeiiii-?anii?yaeeoaeueiie aeieoiaioaoeee.

Aeaaiue eiaeaia? ioaa/aao ca iieiioo eniieueciaaiey iai?oaeiaaiey e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiuiinoae, auiieiaiea ieaiia-a?aoeeia ?aiiioa
iai?oaeiaaiey, ninoiyiea yenieoaoaoeee iaoei.

Aeaaiue yia?aaoee ioaa/aao ca ?aoeeiiaeueiinoue iio?aaeaiey
yia?ai?ano?nia, ianeoaeeaaiea yia?aaoe/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey.
O?ainii?oiue o/anoie iaania/eaaao oaeouee ?aiiio e ianeoaeeaaiea
o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa e iaoaiiia?aaaouaathuaai iai?oaeiaaiey.

Eiiia?/aneee aee?aeoi? ioaa/aao ca: auiieiaiea aeiaiai?iuo
iaycaoaeuenoa; ii iinoaaea i?iaeoeoeee, iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneia
iaania/aiea i?iecaiaenoaa, iaaacei. Eiiia?/aneee ioaeae eco/aao
auiieiaiea aeiaiai?iuo iaycaoaeuenoa, ieaiia iinoaaie i?iaeoeoeee
iio?aaeoaeyi, ninoiyiea neeaaeneeo caiania e nio?aiiinoue aioiaie
i?iaeoeoeee.

Ioaeae niaaaeaiey ioaa/aao ca naiaa?aiaiiinoue e ea/anoai
iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneiai iaania/aiey i?iecaiaenoaa, auiieiaiea ieaia
iinoaaie, niaethaeaiea ii?i ioionea iaoa?eaeia e o.ae.

Ieaiiai-yeiiiie/aneee ioaeae inouanoaeyao ninoaaeaiea ieaia
aiaeeoe/aneie ?aaiou e eiio?ieue ca aai auiieiaieai, i?aaiecoao e
iaiauaao ?acoeueoaou aiaeeca oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.

Neoaeaa ii ea/anoao ioaa/aao ca ea/anoai aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee e
iieooaa?eeaoia, iiauoaiea ea/anoaa i?iaeoeoeee, aiaae?aiea iiaie oaoieee
e oaoiieiaee.

Aeaaiue aooaaeoa?. Iniiaiie aai ooieoeeae yaeyaony eiio?ieue e oaeouaa
?oeiaiaenoai aooaaeoa?nei-oeiainiaui ioaeaeii. Aooaaeoa?nei-oeiainiaue
ioaeae caieiaaony: oi?ie?iaaieai iieiie e aeinoiaa?iie eioi?iaoeee i
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey e aa ?acoeueoaoao,
iaiaoiaeeiie aeey iia?aoeaiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa e oi?aaeaiey; ?an/aoii
iaeiaiiaeaaaaiie aacu e anao aeaeia iaeiaia; i?aaeinoaaeaieai io/aoiinoe
a ainoaea?noaaiiua e ioieoeeiaeueiua i?aaiu; oi?ie?iaaieai o/aoiie
iieeoeee aaaeaiey aooaaeoa?ee i?aaei?eyoey.

2.2 I?aaeaa?eoaeueiue iaci? aaeaina

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeeoe/aneee aaeain iiaeii iieo/eoue ec enoiaeiiai
aaeaina ioo?i neiaeaiey iaeii?iaeiuo ii naiaio ninoaao e yeiiiie/aneiio
niaea?aeaieth noaoae aaeaina e aeiiieiaiey aai iieacaoaeyie no?oeoo?u,
aeeiaieee e no?oeoo?iie aeeiaieee. Aiaeeoe/aneee aaeain ioaaouaaao iiiai
aaaeiuo iieacaoaeae, oa?aeoa?ecothueo noaoeeo e aeeiaieeo oeiainiaiai
ninoiyiey i?aaiecaoeee. Yoio aaeain aeeth/aao iieacaoaee eae
ai?eciioaeueiiai, oae e aa?oeeaeueiiai aiaeeca.

Iaiin?aaenoaaiii ec aiaeeoe/aneiai aaeaina iiaeii iieo/eoue ?yae
aaaeiaeoeo oa?aeoa?enoee oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaiecaoeee. E iei
ioiinyony:

Iauay noieiinoue eiouanoaa i?aaiecaoeee, ?aaiay eoiao aaeaina
(no?iea 399 eee 699),

Noieiinoue eiiiaeeeciaaiiuo (aiaiai?ioiuo) n?aaenoa (aeoeaia) eee
iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa, ?aaiay eoiao ?acaeaea 1 aeoeaa aaeaina (no?iea
190);

Noieiinoue iiaeeueiuo (iai?ioiuo) n?aaenoa, ?aaiay eoiao ?acaeaea 2
aeoeaa aaeaina (no?iea 290);

Noieiinoue iaoa?eaeueiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa (no?iea 210);

Aaee/eia nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa i?aaiecaoeee, ?aaiay eoiao ?acaeaea 4
ianneaa aaeaina (no?iea 490);

Aaee/eia ca?iiuo n?aaenoa ?aaiay noiia eoiaia ?acaeaeia 5 e 6 ianneaa
aaeaina (no?iea 590+690);

Aaee/eia nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa a iai?ioa, ?aaiay ?acieoea eoiaia ?acaeaea
4, 1 e 3 aaeaina (no?iea 490-190-390).

Aeoea

Ec aeaiiuo oaaeeoeu 4 aeaeei, /oi ca io/?oiue ia?eiae eiouanoai
i?aaei?eyoey oaaee/eeinue ia 2 305 494 oun. ?oa. eee ia 54,7%. Aeaiiia
oaaee/aiea i?iecioei a iniiaiii ca n/ao oaaee/aiey a iai?ioiuo aeoeaao
ii/oe ii anai noaoueyi, a oii /enea iaoa?eaeueii iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa
(caianu) oaaee/eeenue ia 1 996 544 oun. ?oa. eee a 4 ?aca; aeaiaaeiua
n?aaenoaa e e?aoein?i/iua oeiainiaua aeiaeaiey ia 161 612 oun. ?oa. (a 8
?ac), aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue aic?inea ia 239 519 oun. ?oa. eee a
3,75 ?ac. A oi aea a?aiy iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai oiaiueoeeinue ia 293 691
oun. ?oa., /oi ninoaaeyao 9,2 % io aaee/eiu ia ia/aei aiaea.

Iinea ioeaiee eciaiaiey eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey iaiaoiaeeii auyaeoue oae
iacuaaaiua «aieueiua» noaouee aaeaina. Eo iiaeii iiae?acaeaeeoue ia aeaa
a?oiiu:

N?aco naeaeaoaeuenoaothuea i e?aeia iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie ?aaioa
i?aaei?eyoey a io/?oiii ia?eiaea e neiaeeaoeiny a ?acoeueoaoa yoiai
ieioii oeiainiaii iieiaeaiee. E oaeei noaoueyi ioiineony «Iaiie?uoue
oauoie io/?oiiai aiaea» (no?. 320). Ia III “Eani?iioic” ia ia/aei
ia?eiaea oaeie noaouee ia iaaethaeaaony, ii ia eiiaoe 1999 aiaea iia
ninoaaeea 60 400 oun. ?oa., /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i
iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie ?aaioa i?aaei?eyoey ca 1999 aiae. Oae aea ia
?anniao?eaaaiii i?aaei?eyoee i?enoonoaoao «Iaiie?uoue oauoie i?ioeuo
eao» a ?acia?a 249 912 oun. ?oa., ninoaaeythuee 3,8 % io noieiinoe
eiouanoaa, /oi oaeaea aiai?eo i iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie ?aaioa
i?aaei?eyoey a 1998 aiaeo.

Noaouee, aiai?yuea ia ii?aaeae?iiuo iaaeinoaoeao a ?aaioa i?aaei?eyoey:
iaee/ea noii “ieioeo” aeieaia a noaoueyo: «Aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue
(ieaoaaee ii eioi?ie iaeeaeathony aieaa /ai /a?ac 12 ianyoeaa iinea
io/?oiie aeaou)» (no?iea 230) e «Aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue (ieaoaaee
ii eioi?ie iaeeaeathony a oa/aiea 12 ianyoeaa iinea io/?oiie aeaou)»
(no?iea 240).

Ia III “Eani?iioic” ionoonoaoao aeieain?i/iay aeaaeoi?neay
caaeieaeaiiinoue, /oi nieaeaao aeieth iaaeeaiii ?aaeecoaiuo aeoeaia. Ii
ia i?aaei?eyoee eiaao ianoi e?aoein?i/iay aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue
a noiia 326 555 oun. ?oa. ia eiiaoe aiaea, oaaee/eaoayny ca aiae ia
239 519 oun. ?oa. (+ 275 %), /oi oaaee/eei eoia aaeaina ia 10%.

Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue e?aoein?i/iay, iaee/ea
a? a oaeie cia/eoaeueiie noiia oa?aeoa?ecoao eiiiaeeecaoeeth
(ioaea/aiea) iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoey ec
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiiai iai?ioa.

Iaee/ea a no?iea 246 «I?i/ea aeaaeoi?u» noii, io?aaeathueo:

a) ?an/?ou ii aiciauaieth iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa;

a) iaaeinoa/e e iioa?e io ii?/e OIOe, ianienaiiua n
aaeaina a onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea.

Ia III “Eani?iioic” aeaiiua noiiu ionoonoaotho.

Iannea

Ianneaiay /anoue aaeaina oaaee/eeanue ca n/ao ?inoa caaiiuo n?aaenoa ia
2 305 494 oun. ?oa. a oii /enea ca n/ao oaaee/aiey ii neaaeothuei
noaoueyi:

«E?aaeeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue» oaaee/eeanue ia 1 375 734 oun. ?oa. (a
3,5 ?aca),

«E?aoein?i/iua e?aaeeou e caeiu» ia ia/aei ia?eiaea ?aaiua 0 , a eiioeo
1999 aiaea ninoaaeee 929 760 oun. ?oa.

Oaeaeueiue aan nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa aeiaieueii cia/eoaeueiue a no?oeoo?a
aaeaina ia ia/aei aiaea e ninoaaeyao 87,1%; e eiioeo ia?eiaea
i?iecioei cia/eoaeueiia oiaiueoaiea eo aeiee aei 56,3%. I?e/eiie oaeiai
nieaeaiey aeiee nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa yaeeny ?ino e?aaeeoi?neie
caaeieaeaiiinoe n 541 671 oun. ?oa. aei 1 917 405 oun. ?oa. eee ia 354%
e eae neaaenoaea oaaee/aiea aa aeiee a aaethoa aaeaina ia 16,5%. Oaeaea
cia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea ia nieaeaiea aeiee nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa ieacaei
iiyaeaiea e eiioeo ia?eiaea oaeie noaouee eae «E?aoein?i/iua e?aaeeou e
caeiu», eioi?ay e eiioeo io/aoiiai ia?eiaea noaea ?aaia 929 760 oun.
?oa. e ninoaaeea 14,27% e aaethoa aaeaina. Aeaiioth iai?aaeaiiinoue
oaaee/aiey caaiiuo n?aaenoa, aeaaea i?e ia oiaiueoaaiie noieiinoe
nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa, ioaeii iacaaoue iaaaoeaiie.

Iaeii ec naiuo «aieueiuo» noaoae a III “Eani?iioic” yaeyaony
e?aaeeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue. Iaeaieueoee aan a iae eiaao
caaeieaeaiiinoue iinoaaueeai e iiae?yae/eeai (64,7% io noiiu
e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe) ii iaiiea/aiiui a n?ie ?an/aoiui
aeieoiaioai, e ia ioa?oaeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee a n/ao iieo/aiiuo aaainia.
Yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oeiainiauo cao?oaeiaieyo.

Oaeei ia?acii, ia iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiiiai i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai iaci?a
aaeaina III “Eani?iioic” ca 1998 – 1999 aiaea, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae
i iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie ?aaioa i?aaei?eyoey e ?inoa aieueiuo noaoae a
1999 aiaeo. A nayce n yoei iaiaoiaeeii aeaoue ioeaieo
e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?ay i?iecaiaeeony ia iniiaa
aiaeeca eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina.

Ioeaiea eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina

Caaea/a aiaeeca eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina aicieeaao a nayce n
iaiaoiaeeiinoueth aeaaaoue ioeaieo e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, oi
anoue aai niiniaiinoe naiaa?aiaiii e iieiinoueth ?ann/eouaaoueny ii anai
naiei iaycaoaeuenoaai.

Eeeaeaeiinoue aaeaina ii?aaeaeyaony eae noaiaiue iie?uoey iaycaoaeuenoa
i?aaiecaoeee a? aeoeaaie, n?ie i?aa?auaiey eioi?uo a aeaiueae
niioaaonoaoao n?ieo iiaaoaiey iaycaoaeuenoa. Io eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina
neaaeoao ioee/aoue eeeaeaeiinoue aeoeaia, eioi?ay ii?aaeaeyaony eae
aaee/eia, ia?aoiay a?aiaie, iaiaoiaeeiiio aeey i?aa?auaiey eo a
aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa. *ai iaiueoa a?aiy, eioi?ia iio?aaoaony, /oiau
aeaiiue aeae aeoeaia i?aa?aoeeny a aeaiueae, oai auoa eo eeeaeaeiinoue.

Aiaeec eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina caeeth/aaony a n?aaiaiee n?aaenoa ii aeoeao,
na?oiie?iaaiiuo ii noaiaie eo eeeaeaeiinoe e ?aniieiaeaiiuo a ii?yaeea
oauaaiey eeeaeaeiinoe, n iaycaoaeuenoaaie ii ianneao, na?oiie?iaaiiuie
ii n?ieai eo iiaaoaiey e ?aniieiaeaiiuie a ii?yaeea aic?anoaiey
n?ieia. Aiaeec eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina i?eaaae?i a oaaeeoea
(i?eeiaeaiea 1).

Aaeain n/eoaaony aaniethoii eeeaeaeiui, anee eiaao ianoi neaaeothuea
niioiioaiey oaaeeoea 3.

Oaaeeoea 3 – Niioiioaiey eeeaeaeiiai aaeaina.

Aaniethoii Niioiioaiea aeoeaia e ianneaia aaeaina III “Eani?iioic”

Eeeaeaeiue aaeain 1998 aiae 1999 aiae

Ia ia/aei aiaea Ia eiiaoe Ia ia/aei aiaea Ia eiiaoe

A1(I1;

A2( I2;

A3 (I3;

A4 (I4. A1(I1;

A22). Niune yoiai
iieacaoaey ninoieo a oii, /oi anee i?aaei?eyoea iai?aaeo ana naie
iai?ioiua aeoeau ia iiaaoaiea aeieaia, oi iii eeeaeaee?oao
e?aoein?i/ioth e?aaeeoi?neoth caaeieaeaiiinoue ia 100% e o iaai
inoaiaony iinea aeaiiiai iiaaoaiey caaeieaeaiiinoe aeey i?iaeieaeaiey
aeayoaeueiinoe 10% io noiiu iai?ioiuo aeoeaia.

Oaeei ia?acii ana iieacaoaee e?iia (L6), oa?aeoa?ecothuea
ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue i?aaei?eyoey ia III “Eani?iioic” iaoiaeyony ia
o?iaia ieaea ii?iu, e?iia oiai i?e yoii iaaethaeaaony eo iacia/eoaeueiia
nieaeaiea. A oeaeii auaiae i ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe iiaeii naeaeaoue ii
iauaio eiyooeoeeaioo eeeaeaeiinoe (LI). Aai cia/aiea ia eiiaoe aiaea
ninoaaeyei 0,498, oi anoue a n?aaeiai (i?e oneiaee ?aaeecaoeee
aaniethoii eeeaeaeiuo n?aaenoa, 50% auno?i?aaeecoaiuo aeoeaia e 30%
iaaeeaiii ?aaeecoaiuo aeoeaia) i?aaei?eyoea ia niiaeao iie?uoue au?
50,2% iaycaoaeuenoa a ii?yaeea eo n?i/iinoe. Ii n?aaiaieth n 1998
aiaeii iauay eeeaeaeiinoue n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoey ianeieueei oeo/oeeanue.
Oae a i?ioeii aiaeo III “Eani?iioic” ia iiaei iiaaneoue a ii?yaeea
n?i/iinoe 51% iaycaoaeuenoa.

Aiaeec e ioeaiea no?oeoo?u aaeaina i?aaiecaoeee i?iaiaeeony ia iniiaa
iieacaoaeae:

eiyooeoeeaioa oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe (L5);

eiyooeoeeaioa iaania/aiiinoe nianoaaiiuie n?aaenoaai e (L6);

eiyooeoeeaioia ainnoaiiaeaiey (oo?aou) ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue (L7).

*oiau i?aaiecaoeey auea i?eciaia ieaoaaeaniiniaiie, cia/aiey yoeo
eiyooeoeeaioia aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue ii?iaoeaiui, oeacaiiui a
i?eeiaeaiee 3.

Ia III “Eani?iioic” eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe ia eiiaoe
io/?oiiai ia?eiaea ?aaai 1,16, i?e aai cia/aiee ia ia/aei aiaea 1,4. Oi
anoue yoi cia/aiea naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaaeinoaoi/iie iauae
iaania/aiiinoe i?aaei?eyoey iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie (ieaea i?aaeaeueiiai
i?aeoe/anee a 2 ?aca.).

Eiyooeoeeaio iaania/aiiinoe nianoaaiiuie iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie,
iaiaoiaeeiuie aeey aai oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe, ia ia/aei 1998 aiaea
ionoonoaiaae, a ia eiiaoe 1999 aiaea ninoaaee 0,14, e aeinoea
ii?iaoeaiiai cia/aiey (0,1). A oiaea a?aiy ioaeii ioiaoeoue nie?auaiea
aeaiiiai eiyooeoeeaioa ii n?aaiaieth n ia/aeii 1999 aiaea, eiaaea ii
ninoaaeye 0,29 (i?aeoe/anee a 2 ?aca).

Anee oioy au iaeei ec yoeo eiyooeoeeaioia eiaao cia/aiea iaiueoa
ii?iaoeaiiai, oi ?ann/eouaaaony eiyooeoeeaio ainnoaiiaeaiey
ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe. Ia aiaeece?oaiii i?aaei?eyoee eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae
eeeaeaeiinoe iaoiaeeony ia o?iaia ieaea ii?iu, neaaeiaaoaeueii,
i?aaenoaaeyaony iaiaoiaeeiui ii?aaeaeeoue niiaeao ee aeaiiia
i?aaei?eyoea ainnoaiiaeoue naith ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue a oa/aiea
aeeaeaeoeo 6 ianyoeaa (?an/?o L7 i?aaenoaaeai a oaaeeoea (i?eeiaeaiea
3). A niioaaonoaee n ?an/?oii, aeaiiue iieacaoaeue i?eieiaao cia/aiea a
1999 aiaeo 0,585, i?e ii?iaoeaa >1. Yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi o
i?aaei?eyoey a aeeaeaeoea 6 ianyoeaa iao ?aaeueiie aiciiaeiinoe
ainnoaiiaeoue naith ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue.

Ia iniiaa i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe III
“Eani?iioic” auee naeaeaiu neaaeothuea auaiaeu.

Ia niio?y ia oaaee/aiea noieiinoe eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey a 1999 aiaeo,
aai oeiainiaay onoie/eainoue oooaeoeeanue ii ?yaeo iieacaoaeae. Eiay ia
aaeaina cia/eoaeueioth ii aaee/eia noieiinoue iai?ioiuo aeoeaia,
i?aaei?eyoea ioaeaeaaony a aieueoae aaee/eia nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo
n?aaenoa, a oaeaea a aeieain?i/iuo caaiiuo n?aaenoaao, o.a. aieaa
iiaeeueiuo n?aaenoaao.

Ana iieacaoaee, oa?aeoa?ecothuea ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue, iaoiaeyony ia
o?iaia ieaea ii?iu, /oi iauyniyaony, a iniiaiii, iaee/eai o i?aaei?eyoey
cia/eoaeueiie noiiu e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe, eioi?ay oaaee/eeanue
a 1999 aiaeo ii/oe a 4 ?aca. Yoi aiai?eo i oii, /oi ia i?aaei?eyoee
ieioi i?aaieciaaii oi?aaeaiea e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoueth,
nei?inoue iai?ioa eioi?ie ninoaaeyao ii/oe 60 aeiae, /oi
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi aa iiaaoaiea i?ienoiaeeo neeoeii
iaaeeaiiuie oaiiaie. Aeey ?aoaiey neiaeeaoaeny neooaoeee, i?aaei?eyoeth
iaiaoiaeeii /aoei no?oeoo?e?iaaoue ana aeieae ii n?ieai auieaou e
noa?aoueny auiea/eaaoue eo a ii?yaeea i/a?aaeiinoe.

3 AIAEEC I?EAUEE E ?AIOAAAEUeIINOE

3.1 Aiaeec oi?ie?iaaiey e ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?eauee

?acee/iua noi?iiu i?iecaiaenoaaiiie, nauoiaie, niaaaeai/aneie e
oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey iieo/atho caeii/aiioth
aeaiaaeioth ioeaieo a nenoaia iieacaoaeae oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia.
Iaiau?iii iaeaieaa aaaeiua iieacaoaee oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey i?aaenoaaeaiu a oi?ia ?2 «Io/?o i oeiainiauo
?acoeueoaoao e eo eniieueciaaiee». E iei ioiinyony:

•i?eaueue ( oauoie) io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee;

•i?eaueue (oauoie) io i?i/ae ?aaeecaoeee;

•aeioiaeu e ?anoiaeu io aia?aaeecaoeeiiiuo iia?aoeee;

•aaeainiaay i?eaueue;

•iaeiaiiaeaaaaiay i?eaueue;

•/enoay i?eaueue e ae?.

Iieacaoaee oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia oa?aeoa?ecotho aaniethoioth
yooaeoeaiinoue oicyenoaiaaiey i?aaei?eyoey. Aaaeiaeoeie n?aaee ieo
yaeythony iieacaoaee i?eauee, eioi?ay a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie
yeiiiieea ninoaaeyao iniiao yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoey. ?ino
i?eauee nicaea?o oeiainiaoth aaco aeey naiioeiaine?iaaiey, ?anoe?aiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa, ?aoaiea i?iaeai nioeeaeueiuo e iaoa?eaeueiuo iio?aaiinoe
o?oaeiaiai eieeaeoeaa. Ca n/?o i?eauee auiieiythony oaeaea /anoue
iaycaoaeuenoa i?aaei?eyoey ia?aae athaeaeaoii, aaieaie e ae?oaeie
i?aaei?eyoeyie e i?aaiecaoeeyie. Oaeei ia?acii, iieacaoaee i?eauee
noaiiayony aaaeiaeoeie aeey ioeaiee i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e oeiainiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey. Iie oa?aeoa?ecotho noaiaiue aai aeaeiaie
aeoeaiinoe e oeiainiaiai aeaaiiieo/ey.

Eiia/iue oeiainiaue ?acoeueoao aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey – yoi
aaeainiaay i?eaueue eee oauoie, eioi?ue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie noiio
?acoeueoaoa io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa); ?acoeueoaoa io
i?i/ae ?aaeecaoeee; naeueaei aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia io aia?aaeecaoeeiiiuo
iia?aoeee.

Aiaeec oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey aeeth/aao a
ea/anoaa iaycaoaeueiuo yeaiaioia enneaaeiaaiea: Eciaiaiee eaaeaeiai
iieacaoaey ca oaeouee aiaeece?oaiue ia?eiae («ai?eciioaeueiue aiaeec»
iieacaoaeae oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia ca io/?oiue ia?eiae); Enneaaeiaaiea
no?oeoo?u niioaaonoaothueo iieacaoaeae e eo e iiaiee («aa?oeeaeueiue
aiaeec» iieacaoaeae); Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiea oaeoi?ia ia i?eaueue
(«oaeoi?iue aiaeec»); Eco/aiea a iaiau?iiii aeaea aeeiaieee eciaiaiey
iieacaoaeae oeiainiauo iieacaoaeae ca ?yae io/?oiuo ia?eiaeia (oi anoue
«o?aiaeiaue aiaeec» iieacaoaeae). Aeey i?iaaaeaiey aa?oeeaeueiiai e
ai?eciioaeueiiai aiaeeca ?ann/eoaai oaaeeoeo 11, eniieuecoy aeaiiua
io/?oiinoe i?aaei?eyoey ec oi?iu ?2.

Oaaeeoea 11 – Aiaeec i?eauee io/?oiiai aiaea, oun. ?oa.

Iaeiaiiaaiea iieacaoaey Eiae Ca io/?oiue Ca i?aaeuaeouee Ioeeiiaiey

No?. Aiae Aiae + / – %

1. Au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia, ?aaio oneoa (ca ieionii IAeN,
aeoeecia e aiaeiae/iuo iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae (A). 010 7 504 492 5 649
432 +1 855 060 132,8

2.Naaanoieiinoue ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia, i?iaeoeoeee, ?aaio, oneoa (N). 020
6 396 664 4 341 500 2 055 164 147,3

3. Eiiia?/aneea ?anoiaeu (E?). 030 300 612 441 138 -140 526 68,1

4. Oi?aaeai/aneea ?anoiaeu (O?). 040 607 712 665 264 -57 552 91,3

5.I?eaueue ( oauoie) io ?aaeecaoeee (no?. 010-020-030-040) (I?) 050 199
504 201 530 -2 026 99

6. I?ioeaiou e iieo/aieth. 060 7 966

7966

7.I?ioeaiou e oieaoa. 070

8.Aeioiaeu io o/anoey a ae?oaeo i?aaiecaoeeyo (Ae?Ae). 080

9.I?i/ea iia?aoeeiiiua aeioiaeu (I?Ae). 090 150 170 20 689 129 481 A 7,2
?ac

10.I?i/ea iia?aoeeiiiua ?anoiaeu (I??). 100 256 997 165 224 91 773 155,5

11.I?eaueue ( oauoie) io oeiainiai- oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe( no?.
050 + 060-070+080+090-100) (Iooae). 110 100 643 56 995 43 648 176,5

12.I?i/ea aia?aaeecaoeeiiiua aeioiaeu . 120

13. I?i/ea aia?aaeecaoeeiiiua ?anoiaeu (Ai?). 130 27 409 46 135 -18 726
59,4

14.I?eaueue (oauoie) io/?oiiai ia?eiaea (no?. 110+120-130) (Ia). 140 73
234 10 860 62 374 A 6 ?ac

15.Iaeia ia i?eaueue (II). 150 12 587 2 759 9 792 A 4,5 ?aca

16.Ioaea/?iiua n?aaenoaa (IoN). 160 121 047 258 013 -136 966 46,9

17.Ia?ani?aaeae?iiay i?eaueue (oauoie) io/?oiiai ia?eiaea (no?.
140-150-160) (Ii). 170 -60 400 -249 912 -310 312 24,2

Ec aeaiiuo oaaeeoeu aeaeii, /oi aaeainiaay i?eaueue a 1999 aiaeo
nouanoaaiii oaaee/eeanue ii n?aaiaieth n 1998 aiaeii ia 62 374 oun.
?oa. eee a 6 ?ac. A 1998 aiaeo i?eaueue ii n?aaiaieth n 1997 aiaeii
iaiai?io ?acei nieceeanue ia 1 726 460 oun. ?oa. eee a 159 ?ac. Oaeei
ia?acii iaiaoeeanue iieiaeeoaeueiay oaiaeaioeey eciaiaiey aaee/eiu
aaeainiaie i?eauee.

Oaaee/aieth aaeainiaie i?eauee niinianoaiaaei:

Oaaee/aiea i?eauee io oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ia 43 648
oun. ?oa. eee ia 76,5%.

Ia auoaoeacaiiia oaaee/aiea iiaeeyei:

Iiyaeaoayny noaouey aeioiaeia – «I?ioeaiou e iieo/aieth» a noiia 7 966
oun. ?oa., /oi oaaee/eei aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ia 10,8%.

I?aauoaiea aaniethoiiai eciaiaiey iia?aoeeiiiuo aeioiaeia iaae
aaniethoiui eciaiaieai iia?aoeeiiiuo ?anoiaeia ia 37 707 oun. ?oa. (129
481 – 91 783).

Nieaeaieth aaeainiaie i?eauee niinianoaiaaei:

Oauoie io aia?aaeecaoeeiiiuo iia?aoeee a noiia 27 409 oun. ?oa.,
nieceaoee aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ia 37,4%. Ioaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi ii
n?aaiaieth n 1998 aiaeii a io/?oiii aiaeo i?iecioei nieaeaiea
aeaiiiai oauoea ia 18 726 oun. ?oa. eee ii/oe a 3?aca;

Iacia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea ieacaei nie?auaiea i?eauee io ?aaeecaoeee ia 2
026 oun. ?oa. eee ia 1%, /oi i?eaaei e nieaeaieth aaeainiaie i?eauee ia
2,8%.

Oaeei ia?acii oaeoi?u, oiaiueoathuea aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ii noiia auee
ia?ae?uou aeaenoaeai oaaee/eaathueo a? oaeoi?ia, /oi a eoiaa e
iaoneiaeei ?ino aaeainiaie i?eauee a io/aoiii aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n
i?aaeuaeouei ii/oe a 6 ?ac.

3.2 Aiaeec ?aioaaaeueiinoe

A oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee aaeeea ?ieue iieacaoaeae ?aioaaaeueiinoe
i?iaeoeoeee, oa?aeoa?ecothueo o?iaaiue i?eaueueiinoe (oauoi/iinoe) a?
i?iecaiaenoaa. Iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe yaeythony ioiineoaeueiuie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia e yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey. Iie oa?aeoa?ecotho ioiineoaeueioth aeioiaeiinoue
i?aaei?eyoey, ecia?yaioth a i?ioeaioao e cao?aoai n?aaenoa eee eaieoaea
n ?acee/iuo iiceoeee.

Iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe – yoi aaaeiaeoea oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeoe/aneie
n?aaeu oi?ie?iaaiey i?eauee e aeioiaea i?aaei?eyoee. Ii yoie i?e/eia iie
yaeythony iaycaoaeueiuie yeaiaioaie n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeca e ioeaiee
oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey. I?e aiaeeca i?iecaiaenoaa iieacaoaee
?aioaaaeueiinoe eniieuecothony eae eino?oiaio eiaanoeoeeiiiie iieeoeee e
oeaiiia?aciaaiey. Iniiaiua iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe iiaeii
iauaaeeieoue a neaaeothuea a?oiiu:

?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iaeoeoeee, i?iaeaae (iieacaoaee ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe
oi?aaeaiey);

?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oiiaeia;

?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee a i?aaei?eyoey (i?eaueueiinoue oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe).

1.?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iaeoeoeee.

?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iaeoeoeee iieacuaaao, neieueei i?eauee i?eoiaeeony ia
aaeeieoeo ?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee. ?ino aeaiiiai iieacaoaey yaeyaony
neaaenoaeai ?inoa oeai i?e iinoiyiiuo cao?aoao ia i?iecaiaenoai
?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa) eee nieaeaiey cao?ao ia
i?iecaiaenoai i?e iinoiyiiuo oeaiao, oi anoue i nieaeaiee ni?ina ia
i?iaeoeoeeth i?aaei?eyoey, a oaeaea aieaa auno?ui ?inoii oeai /ai
cao?ao.

Iieacaoaeue ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iaeoeoeee aeeth/aao a naay neaaeothuea
iieacaoaee:

?aioaaaeueiinoue anae ?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, i?aaenoaaeythuoth niaie
ioiioaiea i?eauee io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee ia au?o/eo io a?
?aaeecaoeee ( aac IAeN);

Iauay ?aioaaaeueiinoue, ?aaiay ioiioaieth aaeainiaie i?eauee e au?o/ea
io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (aac IAeN);

?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iaeaae ii /enoie i?iauee, ii?aaeaeyaiay eae
ioiioaiea/enoie i?eauee e au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee (aac IAeN);

?aioaaaeueiinoue ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee. Ioiioaiea i?eauee io
?aaeecaoeee aeaiiiai aeaea i?iaeoeoa e aai i?iaeaaeiie oeaia.

?an/?o aeaiiuo iieacaoaeae ii III “Eani?iioic” i?aaenoaaeai a oaaeeoea
12.

Oaaeeoea 12 -Iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iaeoeoeee
oun. ?oa.

Iieacaoaee

?an/ao

1997

1998

1999

Ioeeiiaiey + /-

1998 io 1997 1999 io 1998

1.Au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia, ?aaio, oneoa (aac IAeN, aeoeecia e
aiaeiae/iuo iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae). no?.010 7 459 444 5 649 432 7 504
492 -1 810 012 1 855 060

2. I?eaueue io ?aaeecaoeee. no?.050 1 622 552 201 530 199 504 -1 421 022
-2 026

3. Aaeainiaay i?eaueue. no?.140 1 737 320 10 860 73 234 -1 726 460 62
374

4. *enoay i?eaueue. N.140-150 1 142 091 8 1014 60 647 -1 133 990 52 546

?an/aoiua iieacaoaee (%)

1. ?aioaaaeueiinoue anae ?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee. no?.050 no?.010 21,7
3,6 2,6 -18,1 -1

2. Iauay ?aioaaaeueiinoue. no?.140 no?.010 23,3 0,19 0,97 -23,11 0,78

3. ?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iaeaae ii /enoie i?eauee. N.140-150 no?.010
15,3 0,14 0,8 -15,16 0,66

Ia iniiaa ?an/?oia iiaeii naeaeaoue neaaeothuea auaiaeu.

Iieacaoaeue iauae ?aioaaaeueiinoe ca io/aoiue ia?eiae au?in n 1,19 a
1998 aei 0,97 a 1999 aiaeo, oi anoue oaaee/eeny a 5 ?ac. Yoi aiai?eo i
oii, /oi a 1999 aiaeo eaaeaeue ?oaeue ?aaeecaoeee i?eiinee a n?aaeiai
ieiei 1 eiiaeee aaeainiaie i?eauee. Iaaei ioiaoeoue ?aceia nieaeaiea
aeaiiiai iieacaoaey ii n?aaiaieth n 1997 aiaeii, eiaaea ii ninoaaeye
23,3% e oiae ca 1998 aiae aei 0,19 (o.a. ia 23,11%).

Iieacaoaeue ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iaeaae ii /enoie i?eauee oaeaea au?in a
1999 aiaeo n 0,14 ia ia/aei aiaea aei 0,8 ia eiiaoe io/aoiiai ia?eiaea.
Yoi aiai?eo i oii, /oi ni?in ia i?iaeoeoeeth ianeieueei aic?in. Oaeei
ia?acii a 1999 aiaeo ia 1 ?oa. ?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee i?aaei?eyoea
eiaei eeoue 0,8 eiiaae /enoie i?eauee.

?aioaaaeueiinoue anae ?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee nieceeanue ca io/aoiue
ia?eiae ia 1% e ninoaaeea e eiioeo 1999 aiaea 2,6%. Yoi cia/eo, /oi a
eiioea io/aoiiai ia?eiaea eaaeaeue ?oaeue ?aaeecaoeee noae i?eiineoue ia
1 eiiaeeo iaiueoa i?eauee io ?aaeecaoeee.

Eae aeaeii ec auoa neacaiiiai, ana iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe
i?iaeoeoeee i/aiue ieceea.

A 1998 a. aneaaenoaea nieaeaiey ni?ina ia i?iaeoeoeeth ec-ca
iaieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe aieueoeinoaa iio?aaeoaeae, a oaeaea aneaaenoaea
iieo/aiey oauoeia io aia?aaeecaoeeiiiuo iia?aoeee iieacaoaee
?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iaeoeoeee nouanoaaiii nieceeenue.

2.?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey.

?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey- yoi neaaeothuee iieacaoaeue
?aioaaaeueiinoe, eioi?ue iieacuaaao yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey anaai
eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey.

N?aaee iieacaoaeae ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey auaeaeytho 5 iniiaiuo:

1.Iauay ?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee, iieacuaathuay eaeay /anoue
aaeainiaie i?eauee i?eoiaeeony ia 1?oa. eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey, oi anoue
ianeieueei yooaeoeaii iii eniieuecoaony.

2.?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee ii /enoie i?eauee;

3.?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa, iicaieythuee onoaiiaeoue
caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo aaee/eiie eiaanoe?oaiuo nianoaaiiuo ?ano?nia e
?acia?ii i?eauee, iieo/aiiie io eo eniieueciaaiey.

4.?aioaaaeueiinoue aeieain?i/iuo oeiainiauo aeiaeaiee, iieacuaathuay
yooaeoeaiinoue aeiaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey a aeayoaeueiinoue ae?oaeo
i?aaiecaoeee.

5.?aioaaaeueiinoue ia?iaiaioiiai eaieoaea. Iieacuaaao yooaeoeaiinoue
eniieueciaaiey eaieoaea, aeiaeaiiiai a aeayoaeueiinoue aeaiiiai
i?aaei?eyoey ia aeeeoaeueiue n?ie.

Iaiaoiaeeiay eioi?iaoeey aeey ?an/?oa i?aaenoaaeaia a oaaeeoea 13.

Oaaeeoea 13 – Iieacaoaee aeey ?an/?oa ?aioaaaeueiinoe. oun. ?oa.

Iieacaoaee Eiae no?. 1997 1998 1999

1 .I?eaueue aaeainiaay 140 (O ?2) 1 737 320 10 860 73 324

2. I?eaueue /enoay 140-150 (O ?2) 1 142 091 8 101 60 647

3. N?aaeiaaiaeiaay noieiinoue eiouanoaa 399 (O ?1) 4 847 436 4 208 746 6
514 241

4. Nianoaaiiua n?aaenoaa 490 (O ?1) 3 544 562 3 667 076 3 667 076

5. Aeioiaeu io o/anoey a ae?oaeo i?aaiecaoeeyo 080 (O ?2) – – –

6.Aeieain?i/iua oeiainiaua aeiaeaiey 140 (O ?1) 20 142 20 142 20142

7 .Aeieain?i/iua ca?iiua n?aaenoaa 590 (O ?1) – – –

Ia iniiaa aeaiiuo oaaeeoeu iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae i oii, /oi anee ca
1998 a. ana iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe aeiaeaiee III “Eani?iioic” oiaee
ii n?aaiaieth n 1997a., oi a 1999 aiaeo i?iecioea i?ioeaiiieiaeiay
neooaoeey. Ana iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe aeiaeaiee oaaee/eeenue.

Iauay ?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee a 1998 a oiaea n 35,8% a 1997a. aei
0,26%, a 1999 aiaeo aic?inea aei 1,12%. Oi anoue ia 1?oa. noieiinoe
eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey a io/?oiii aiaeo i?eoiaeeeinue 1,12 eii.
aaeainiaie i?eauee. Cia/aiea aeaiiiai iieacaoaey aeinoaoi/ii iaaaeeei
aeey oaeiai i?aaei?eyoey, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaaeinoaoi/ii
yooaeoeaiii eniieueciaaiee aeoeaia i?aaei?eyoey a 1998 a- 1999a. Ia
iniiaa aeaiiuo iieacaoaeae ?ann/eouaathony iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe
aeiaeaiee, eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeaiu a oaaeeoea 14.

Oaaeeoea 14 – Iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe aeiaeaiey.
(%)

Iieacaoaee ?an/?o

( eiae no?.) 1997a. 1998 a. 1999a. Ioeeiiaiea 1999 io 1998

+/-

1. Iauay ?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee 140(O?2) / 399 35,8 0,26 1,12 -0,86

2.?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee ii /enoie i?eauee 140-150(O?2)

399 23,6 0,002 0,93 +0,928

3. ?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa 140-150(O?2)

490 32,2 0,22 1,65 +1,43

4.?aioaaaeueiinoue aeieain?i/iuo oeiainiauo aeiaeaiee 080(O?2)

140(O?1) – – – –

5. ?aioaaaeueiinoue ia?iaiaioiiai eaieoaea 140-150(O?2)

490+590 32,2 0,22 1,65 +1,43

?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa oaeaea iaauniea e a oa/aiee 1998
aiaea oiaea n 32,2% aei 0,22, oi anoue a 146 ?ac e a 1999 aiaeo
oaaee/eeanue eeoue ia 1,43%. Aeeiaieea yoiai iieacaoaey ca iineaaeiea
aiaeu iicaieytho naeaeaoue auaiae i oii, /oi eiaanoeoeee nianoaaiiuo
n?aaenoa a i?iecaiaenoai aeaee iaaeinoaoi/ii oi?ioee ?acoeueoao.
?aioaaaeueiinoue ia?iaiaioiiai eaieoaea e aai aeeiaieea aiaeiae/iu
?aioaaaeueiinoe nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa, a aeaeo ionoonoaey aeieain?i/iuo
ca?iiuo n?aaenoa.

A oeaeii iiaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi ana iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe aeiaeaiee
i?aaei?eyoey iaoiaeyony ia ieceii o?iaia, /oi aiai?eo i iaaeinoaoi/ii
yooaeoeaiii aeiaeaiee n?aaenoa III “Eani?iioic”.

Aaeainiaay i?eaueue ia III “Eani?iioic” a 1999 aiaeo nouanoaaiii
oaaee/eeanue ii n?aaiaieth n 1998 aiaeii ia 62 374 oun. ?oa. eee a 6
?ac. A? oaaee/aieth niinianoaiaaei: oaaee/aiea i?eauee io
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, a iniiaiii ca n/?o iiyaeaiey
noaouee aeioiaea «I?ioeaiou e iieo/aieth» e i?aauoaiey aaniethoiiai
eciaiaiey iia?aoeeiiiuo aeioiaeia iaae aaniethoiui i?aauoaieai
iia?aoeeiiiuo ?anoiaeia, /oi oaaee/eei aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ia 60,5%.
Nieaeaieth aaeainiaie i?eauee niinianoaiaae oauoie io aia?aaeecaoeeiiiuo
iia?aoeee a noiia 27 409 oun. ?oa., nieceaoee aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ia
37,4%.

Oaeei ia?acii oaeoi?u, oiaiueoathuea aaeainiaoth i?eaueue ii noiia auee
ia?ae?uou aeaenoaeai oaaee/eaathueo a? oaeoi?ia, /oi a eoiaa e
iaoneiaeei ?ino aaeainiaie i?eauee a io/aoiii aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n
i?aaeuaeouei a 6 ?ac.

?acoeueoaoii io i?i/ae oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a 1999
aiaeo noaea oauoie a ?acia?a 98 863 oun. ?oa., a oi a?aiy eae a
i?aaeuaeouai aiaeo iaaethaeaeny oauoie a ?acia?a 144 535, eioi?ue
oiaiueoeeny ca io/aoiue ia?eiae ia 54 674 oun. ?oa.

A io/?oiii aiaeo ?acoeueoao io i?i/eo aia?aaeecaoeeiiiuo iia?aoeee
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oauoie, eioi?ue oiaiueoeeny ii n?aaiaieth n 1998
aiaeii ia 68%.

Iinea oieaou iaeiaa ia i?eaueue a ?anii?yaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey inoaeinue
60 647 oun. ?oa. Yoeo n?aaenoa ieacaeinue ia aeinoaoi/ii aeey iie?uoey
anao ?anoiaeia. A 1999 aiaeo oauoie io/aoiiai ia?eiaea ninoaaee 60 400
oun. ?oa.

Ca 1999aiae iieacaoaee iauae ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iaeoeoeee e
?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iaeaae ii /enoie i?eauee oaaee/eeenue, ii n?aaiaieth
n 1998 aiaeii, oioy ca aiaeiae/iue ia?eiae i?ioeiai aiaea iaaethaeaeny
?aceee niaae anao iieacaoaeae ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iaeoeoeee.

Anee ca 1998 aiae ana iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe aeiaeaiee III
“Eani?iioic” oiaee ii n?aaiaieth n 1997a., oi a 1999 aiaeo i?iecioea
i?ioeaiiieiaeiay neooaoeey. Iauay ?aioaaaeueiinoue aeiaeaiee iaoiaeeony
ia ieceii o?iaia, oae ia 1 ?oaeue eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey a io/?oiii
aiaeo i?eoiaeeeinue 1,12 eii. aaeainiaie i?eauee.

A oeaeii ana iieacaoaee i?eauee e ?aioaaaeueiinoe a io/?oiii aiaeo
aic?inee, /oi iieiaeeoaeueii oa?aeoa?ecoao aeayoaeueiinoue III
“Eani?iioic” a 1999 aiaeo (ioiineoaeueii 1998 aiaea).

Caeeth/aiea

Ia iniiaa i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe III
“Eani?iioic” auee naeaeaiu neaaeothuea auaiaeu. Ia niio?y ia oaaee/aiea
noieiinoe eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoea a 1999 aiaeo, aai oeiainiaay
onoie/eainoue oooaeoeeanue ii ?yaeo iieacaoaeae. Eiay ia aaeaina
cia/eoaeueioth ii aaee/eia noieiinoue iai?ioiuo aeoeaia, i?aaei?eyoea
ioaeaeaaony a aieueoae aaee/eia iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, ianiio?y ia
cia/eoaeueiue oaeaeueiue aan a ninoaaa eiouanoaa. Ana iieacaoaee,
oa?aeoa?ecothuea ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue iaoiaeyony ia o?iaia ieaea ii?iu,
/oi iauyniyaony, a iniiaiii, iaee/eai o i?aaei?eyoey cia/eoaeueiie
noiiu e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoue.

Aaeainiaay i?eaueue a 1999 aiaeo oaaee/eeanue ii/oe a 6 ?ac. Ia niio?y
ia yoi iinea oieaou iaeiaa ia i?eaueue, oe?ia ia oaaoeei n?aaenoa ia
iie?uoea anao ?anoiaeia, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai oauoie oe?iu a io/aoiii
ia?eiaea ninoaaee 60.400 oun. ?oa., aue naeaeai auaiae i ia
yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey. Iieacaoaee
?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oiiaeia e aeiaeaiee ianeieueei
oaaee/eeenue, ii iaoiaeyony ia i/aiue ieceii o?iaia.

Oi?aaeaieth oeiainaie ia i?aaei?eyoee ioaiaeeony, neeoeii, iaeay ?ieue.
Yoi naycaii n oai, /oi i?aaei?eyoea nouanoaoao, n?aaieoaeueii iaaeaaii,
oi?iu aioo?eoe?iaiiuo io/aoia aua ia io?aaioaiu. Ii nouanoao, oi?aaeaiea
oeiainaie i?ienoiaeeo ia o?iaia aooaaeoa?neie neoaeau e ?oeiaiaeeoaey
i?aaei?eyoey. Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii i?aaieciaaoue neoaeao oi?aaeaiey
oeiainaie e i?iaanoe ?yae ia?ii?eyoee ii oeo/oaieth oeiainiaiai
ninoiyiey a niioaaonoaee n aeaiiuie ?aeiiaiaeaoeeyie.

A oeaeii ia iniiaa i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca, auee naeaeaiu auaiaeu e
i?aaeeiaeaiu ia?ii?eyoey ii oeo/oaieth oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey
i?aaei?eyoey, ?aaeecaoeey eioi?uo, aunieoth iia?aoeaiinoue oi?aaeaiey
oeiainaie ia III “Eani?iioic”.

NIENIE ENIIEUeCOAIIE EEOA?AOO?U

Aaeaiia I.E. , Oa?aiao A.Ae. «Oai?ey yeiiiie/aneiai aiaeecu: o/aaiee.».
– I.: Oeiainu e noaoenoeea, 1998 a.- 288n.

Aaeaaaiia E.O. “Iniiau oeiainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa. Eae oi?aaeyoue
eaieoaeii?”. – I.: Oeiainu e Noaoenoeea, 1994.

Eiaaeaa A.A. «Oeiainiaue aiaeec: Oi?aaeaiea eaieoaeii. Auai?
eiaanoeoeee. Aiaeec io/?oiinoe.» – I.: Oeiainu e noaoenoeea, 1998 a. –
432n.

E?aeieia I.I. «Oeiainiaia ninoiyiea i?aaei?eyoey. Iaoiaeu ioeaiee».- I.
.: EEOe «Aeen», 1999a- 224n..

Iieyeia Ae.N. “Aiaeec oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe”. – I.: OeN , 1998 .

Noyiiaa A. N. «Oeiainiaue iaiaaeaeiaio: oai?ey e i?aeoeea». – I.: OeN,
1996 aiae.

Oa?aiao A.Ae., Naeooeei ?.N. «Iaoiaeeea eiiieaeniiai aiaeeca» – I.:
EIO?A- I, 1998 a. – 176n.

Oei Aeae., Neaae Aeae. Iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey noieiinoueth e aiaeeca cao?ao.
– I. : Oeeeiu, 1998 .

Eino?oeoeey AIN ?O ?37 io 10.08.95a. n eciaiaieyie e aeiiieiaieyie.

I?eeiaeaiea 2 Iieacaoaee ?uii/iie onoie/eainoe.

Iaeiaiiaaiea

Iieacaoaey Niinia ?an/aoa Ii?ia Iiyniaiey Ia ia/aei 1998 aiaea Ia
eiiaoe 1998 aiaea Ioeeiiaiey 1998

Ia ia/aei 1999 aiaea Ia eiiaoe 1999 aiaea Ioeeiiaiey 1999

(0,5 Iieacuaaao aeieth nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa a iauae noiia n?aaenoa
i?aaei?eyoey. 0,73 0,87 +0,14 0,87 0,56 -0,31

2.Eiyooeoeeaio niioiioaiey nianoaaiiuo e caaiiuo n?aaenoa.

(1 Iieacuaaao neieueei caaiiuo n?aaenoa i?eaeaeaei i?aaei?eyoea ia
1?oa.aeiaeaiiuo a aeoeau nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa 0,37 0,15 -0,22 0,15 0,78
+0,63

3.Eiyooeoeeaio aeieain?i/iiai i?eaea/aiey caaiiuo n?aaenoa.

(0,1 Iieacuaaao aeieth NIN, i?eia?aoaiiuo ca n/ao nianoaaiiuo
n?aaenoa. <0 0,29 - 0,29 0,14 -0,156.Eiyooeoeeaio ?aaeueiie noieiinoe IN e iaoa?eaeueiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa a eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey.(0,5 Iieacuaaao oaeaeueiuo aan iniiaiuo n?aaenoa a eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey. 0,7 0,66 -0,04 0,66 0,37 -0,29I?eeiaeaiea 1 Aiaeec eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina a 1998 aiaeo.AEOEA ?an/ao Ia ia/aeiAiaea Ia eiiaoeAiaea IANNEA ?an/ao Ia ia/aeiaiaea Ia eiiaoeaiaea Ieaoaaeiue eceeoae eeeIaaeinoaoieia ia/aeiaiaea ia eiiaoeaiaea1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9=3-7 10=4-81.Iaeaieaa eeeaeaeiuaaeoeau(A1) No?.250+No?.260 93 355 22 876 1.Iaeaieaa n?i/iuaiaycaoaeuenoaa(I1) no?.620 1 102 874 541 671 -1 009 519 -518 7952.Auno?i?aaeecoaiuaaeoeau(A2) No?.240 175 766 87 036 2.E?aoein?i/iua ianneau(I2) no?.610+670 200 000 0 - 24 234 +87 0363.Iaaeeaiii?aaeecoaiuaaeoeau(A3) No?.210+220+230+270 850 033 668 193 3.Aeieain?i/iuaianneau(I3) no?.590+630+640+650 +660 0 0 +850 033 +668 1934.O?oaeii?aaeecoaiuaaeoeau(A4) No?.190 3 810 013 1 190 599 4.Iinoiyiiua ian-neau(I4) no?.490 3 544 562 3 667 076 +265 451 -476 477AAEAIN No?.399 4 847 436 4 208 747 AAEAIN no?.699 4 847 436 4 208 747 - -I?iaeieaeaiea i?eeiaeaiea 1 - Aiaeec eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina a 1999 aiaeo.AEOEA ?an/ao Ia ia/aeiAiaea Ia eiiaoeAiaea IANNEA ?an/ao Ia ia/aeiaiaea Ia eiiaoeaiaea Ieaoaaeiue eceeoae eeeIaaeinoaoieia ia/aeiaiaea Ia eiiaoeAiaea1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9=3-7 10=4-81.Iaeaieaa eeeaeaeiuaaeoeau(A1) no?.250+no?.260 22 876 184 488 1.Iaeaieaa n?i/iuaiaycaoaeuenoaa(I1) no?.620 541 671 1 917 405 -518 795 -1 732 9172.Auno?i?aaeecoaiuaaeoeau(A2) no?.240 87 036 326 555 2.E?aoein?i/iua ianneau(I2) no?.610+670 0 929 760 +87 036 -603 2053.Iaaeeaiii?aaeecoaiuaaeoeau(A3) no?.210+220+230+270 668 193 2 795 978 3.Aeieain?i/iuaianneau(I3) no?.590+630+640+650 +660 0 0 +668 193 +2 795 9784.O?oaeii?aaeecoaiuaaeoeau(A4) no?.190 1 190 599 2 896 908 4.Iinoiyiiua ian-neau(I4) no?.490 3 667 076 3 667 076 -476 477 -770 168AAEAIN no?.399 4 208 747 6 514 241 AAEAIN no?.699 4 208 747 6 514 241 - -I?eeiaeaiea 3 - Eiyooeoeeaiou, oa?aeoa?ecothuea ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue.(0,7 Io?aaeaao i?iaiice?oaiua ieao?aeiua aiciiaeiinoe i?aaei?eyoey i?e oneiaee naiaa?aiaiiiai i?iaaaeaiey ?an/?oia n aeaaeoi?aie. 0,2 0,.2 0 0,.2 0,18 -0,02Iauee oaeouee eiyooeoeeaio iie?uoey(0,1 Oa?aeoa?ecoao iaee/ea nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa o i?aaei?eyoey, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey aai oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe. <0 0,29 - 0,29 0,14 -0,15Eiyooeoeeaio ainnoaiiaeaiey ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe.(l Oa?aeoa?ecoao aiciiaeiinoue i?aaei?eyoey ainnoaiiaeoue naith ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue /a?ac 6 ianyoeaa. Ii ?ann/eouaaaony a neo/aa, anee oioy au iaeei ec eiyooeoeeaioia L4 eee L5 i?eieiaao cia/aiea iaiueoa e?eoe/aneiai. - 0,85 - - 0,585 -PAGE 63

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