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IO NII

EACAINEEE EIIIA?AOEAIUE OAOIEEOI

AeIAAIEE-IO*AO

I?aeoeea ii i?ioeeth niaoeeaeueiinoe

(oaoiieiae/aneay)

Aaca i?aeoeee: «Eaoa No?aiiee »

Nooaeaioa Aoiaoiaa ?.?.

441 a?oiiu

Niaoeeaeueiinoe « Oaoiieiaey

i?eaioiaeaiey i?iaeoeoeee

iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey.»

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?aeoeee io oaoieeoia

Aoeiiaa E.I.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?aeoeee io

I?aaiecaoeee Eaiaeaoaeeiiaa A.Y.

2008-2009 o/. aiae.

EAEAIAeA?II-OAIAOE*ANEEE IEAI

i?aeoeee ii i?ioeeth niaoeeaeueiinoe

Aaiaeiia caiyoea. Eino?oeoaae. Iciaeiieaiea n i?aaei?eyoeai

?acaeae 1 Iaoaie/aneay eoeeia?iay ia?aaioea nu?uey e i?eaioiaeaiea
iieooaa?eeaoia

1.1 Ia?aaioea iaiuae, a?eaia

1.2 Ia?aaioea ?uau e ia?uaiiai aiaeiiai nu?uey, i?eaioiaeaiea
iieooaa?eeaoia

1.3 Ia?aaioea iyna, ioeoeu, ia?iaoie aee/e, e?ieeea, i?eaioiaeaiea
iieooaa?eeaoia

?acaeae 2 I?eaioiaeaiea e ioione eoeeia?iie i?iaeoeoeee

2.1 I?eaioiaeaiea noiia

2.2 I?eaioiaeaiea aoi?uo aethae, ai?y/eo caeonie, neaaeeeo aethae,
iaieoeia.

2.2.1 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae ec iaiuae, e?oi, aiaiauo e iaea?iiiuo
ecaeaeee

2.2.2 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae ec ?uau

2.2.3 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae ec iyna, ioeoeu, ia?iaoie aee/e e e?ieeea

2.2.4 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae ec yeoe e oai?iaa

2.2.5 I?eaioiaeaiea ai?y/eo caeonie

2.2.6 I?eaioiaeaiea ai?y/eo neaaeeeo aethae e iaieoeia

2.2.7 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae e ecaeaeee ec ioee

2.3 I?eaioiaeaiea oieiaeiuo aethae (caeonie)

2.4 I?eaioiaeaiea oieiaeiuo neaaeeeo aethae e iaieoeia

2.5 I?eaioiaeaiea io/iuo eiiaeeoa?neeo ecaeaeee

2.6 Ioi?ieaiea e ioione aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee

AAIAeIIA CAIssOEA. EINO?OEOAAE.

ICIAEIIEAIEA N I?AAeI?EssOEAI

Iiy i?aeoeea i?ioiaeeea a Eaeoaaneii ?aeiia naei Nieo?u a eaoa
«No?aiiee» n 28.04. ii 28.07.2008 a. a aeieaeiinoe iiaa?a 4 ?ac?yaea.

A ia?aue aeaiue i?aeoeee ii i?ioeeth niaoeeaeueiinoe y iciaeiieeny n
i?ia?aiiie i?aeoeee, aa caaea/aie, oeaeyie e ii?yaeeii i?iaaaeaiey,
eco/eea i?aaeea aioo?aiiaai ?anii?yaeea. Iieo/ee niaoeiaeaaeaeo
i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?oth ioaeii aea?aeaoue a /enoioa. Oae aea iaiaoiaeeii
niaethaeaoue i?aaeea i?iecaiaenoaaiiie naieoa?ee e ee/iie aeaeaiu.

Iia i?i/eoaee eino?oeoaae ii aaciianiinoe o?oaea e iiaea?iie
aaciianiinoe. Iieacaee aaea ?aniieaaathony n?aaenoaa oooaiey e
?anneacaee i?aaeei iieueciaaiea eie.

Eaoa «No?aiiee » ?aaioaao n 8 aei 20 /ania. Ii ioiineony e 1 eeanno,
eiioeiaaio ieoathueony ?acee/iue. Eaoa i?iaiaeeo aaieaou, ia?ii?eyoey,
oae aea i?eieiaao caeacu aeinoaaee.

Niaethaeaiu ana i?aaeea e o?aaiaaiey ii naieoa?ee e aeaeaiu
?aniieiaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo, neeaaeneeo, oi?aiauo,
aaeieieno?aoeaii-auoiauo e oaoie/aneeo iiiauaiee.

Anni?oeiaio auioneaaiie i?iaeoeoeee ?aciiia?acai, aioiayo ?acee/iua
aethaea ec ?uau, iyna, ioeoeu, iaiuae. Iieooaa?eeaou o?aiyo a
oieiaeeeueiuo eaia?ao. I?e o?aiaiee neaaeoao no?iai neaaeeoue ca
niaethaeaieai n?ieia ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoia, iniaaiii nei?iii?oyueony:

· e?oiiieoneiaua i/o ec iyna o?aiyony 48 / i?e t 2-6 N;

· ii?oeeiiiua aac iaie?iaee i/o – 36 / ;

· ii?oeeiiiua iaie?iaaiiua i/o – 24 / ;

· i/o iyniua ?oaeaiua – 12 / ;

· ?uaa – 24 / ;

· iaiue aeaaeiinoue 80-90 % (a iia?aaao);

· nuio/eo i?iaeoeoia i?e t 16-18 N, aeaaeiinoue 60-70%.

Oae aea iciaeiieeanue n eaoaai?eyie i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai ia?niiaea, ?aaioo
ai?y/aai oeaoa aicaeaaeyao caaaaeothuee i?iecaiaenoaii;

iiaa? 5 ?ac?yaea i?eaioaaeeaaao e ioi?ieyao aethaea, neiaeiie eoeeia?iie
ia?aaioee;

iiaa? 4 ?ac?yaea aioiaeo ia?aua e aoi?ua aethaea;

iiaa? 3 ?ac?yaea iiaeaioaaeeaaao i?iaeoeou;

iaea?e 2 e 3 ?ac?yaea auiaeatho e aea?yo oeaaiaoei/iua ecaeaeey.

I?aaei?eyoea niaaaeaii iai?oaeiaaieai, eooiiiie e noieiaie iinoaeie,
oi?aiaui e i?iecaiaenoaaiiui eiaaioa?ai; iaaaeueth, noieiaui aaeueai.

Iniiaiay caaea/a eaoa «No?aiiee»: auione aunieiea/anoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee
n oi?ioei anni?oeiaioii, e aunieei ea/anoaii ianeoaeeaaiey.

?acaeae 1.

IAOAIE*ANEAss EOEEIA?IAss IA?AAIOEA NU?Uess EI?EAIOIAEAIEA
IIEOOAA?EEAOIA

1.1 Ia?aaioea iaiuae e a?eaia

I?iecaiaenoaaiioth i?aeoeeo ia/aea n iciaeiieaieai iaiuiiai oeaoa,
eioi?ue iniauai iaiaoiaeeiui iai?oaeiaaieai: ?aai/ee noie, aeaoo
naeoeeiiiay aaiia, oieiaeeeueiay eaia?a, ianoieueiua aanu; eiaaioa?ai:
ei?ii/aoue e aeaeiaeiaue iiae, ?acaeaei/iua aeinee, oa?a. Oae aea
iciaeiieeanue n ia?niiaeii oeaoa.

I?ioea eino?oeoaae ii i?aaeeai oaoieee aaciianiinoe ia ?aai/eo ianoao a
oeaoa.

Oaoiieiae/aneay noaia ia?aaioee iaiuae ninoieo ec neaaeothueo i?ioeannia
i?eaiee, ni?oe?iaee, iieee, i/enoee, i?iiuaaiey e ia?acee.

I?e i?eaiea i?iaa?ytho ianno ia?oee e niioaaonoaea iaiuae onoaiiaeaiiui
noaiaea?oai. Io ea/anoaa iaiuae caaenyo eiee/anoai iooiaeia i?e eo
ia?aaioea, ea/anoai e ieoaoaeueiinoue aioiauo aethae. Ni?oe?otho iaiue
ii ?acia?o, noaiaie c?aeinoe, oi?ia e ae?oaei i?eciaeai, ii?aaeaeythuei
eoeeia?iia eniieueciaaiea.

Ai a?aiy iieee n iaiuae oaeaeytho caa?yciaiey. Iitho iaiue aaiiao.

I/enoea eiaao oeaeueth oaeaeyoue ianuaaeiaiua e iaeiieoaoaeueiua /anoe
iaiuae :eiaeo?o, ieiaeiiiaeee, a?oaua naiaia e ae?.?o/ioth i/enoeo
i?iecaiaeyo niaoeeaeueiuie ei?ii/aouie eee aeaeiaeiauie iiaeaie. Iinea
iaiue i?iiuaatho e ia?acatho iaiaoiaeeiie oi?iu.

Ea?oioaeue iitho a aaiiao n iiiiuueth oeaiaa, caoai eo i/euatho a?o/ioth
eee a ea?oioaeai/enoeoaeueiie iaoeia.

Eiee/anoai iooiaeia caaeneo io ea/anoaa ea?oioaey, eioi?ia nieaeaaony
i?e o?aiaiee. Iiyoiio onoaiiaeaiu neaaeothuea ii?iu iooiaeia a
caaeneiinoe io naciia: aei 1 naioya?y 20%,n 1 naioya?y aei 31 ieoya?y
25%,n 1 iiya?y aei 31 aeaeaa?y 30%,n 1 yiaa?y ii 28-29 oaa?aey 35%,n 1
ia?oa 40%.

I/euaiiue ea?oioaeue ia?acatho: eoaeeaie 2-2,5ni;1-1,5 e 0,3-0,5ni (aeey
aa?ee, oooaiey); a?oni/eaie 0,7*1*4-5ni (aeey noiia, i?eioneaiey, aea?ee
a aee?a);nieiieie 0,2*0,2*4-5ni (aeey aea?ee a aee?a);aeieueeaie,
/anii/eii (aeey noiia, i?eioneaiey a iieiea);eiioeeaie eee e?oaei/eaie
oieueiie ieiei 0,3ni (aeey aea?ee n aee?ii);eiioeeaie oieueiie ieiei
0,15ni(aeey aea?ee a aee?a).

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey ii?oeeiiiuo e aaieaoiuo aethae ea?oioaeue iaoa/eaatho
eee au?acatho i?e iiiiue auaiie a aeaea oa?eeia (e?oiiuo- oaoi, iaeeeo-
ioacao), ai/iii/eia (aiaeac), a?oo (aethoan), no?oaeae e nie?aeae.

Ei?iaieiaeu iitho a aaiiao. O ?aaeena oaeaeytho aioao, oiieee ei?aiue e
iia?aaeaeaiiua ianoa. Oayaeooth ii?eiaue, aaeua ei?aiuey e o?ai ia?aae
i/enoeie caia/eaatho a oieiaeiie aiaea. Aeiionoeiua iooiaeu i?e i/enoea
naaeeu e ii?eiae ninoaaeytho: aei 31 aeaeaa?y – 20%, n 1 yiaa?y – %.

O iao?ooee e ianoa?iaea eiee/anoai iooiaeia ninoaaeyao aei 25%,a o
naeueaea?ay – aei 32%.

I/euaiiua ei?iaieiaeu ia?acatho eoaeeaie (1-2 ni – aeey oooaiey,
0,5-0,6ni – aeey aa?ie?ia, e?ioeie – aeey nionia , noiia n e?oiaie);
a?oni/eaie (aeey noiia e i?eioneaiey); nieiieie (aeey nionia, noiia);
i?inouie e oeao?iuie aeieueeaie (aeey uae e nionia).

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey ia?eiaaeia, i?ic?a/iuo noiia e oe?aoaiey oieiaeiuo
aethae ei?iaieiaeu ei?/otho, o.a. ia?acatho a aeaea caacaei/ae,
oanoa?aiie, a?aaaoeia, aio?e?iaaiiuo ieanoeiie, e?oaei/eia. Aeey
aa?ie?ia, noiia e oooaiey ei?iaieiaeai eiiaaea i?eaeatho oi?io oa?eeia.

Eaionoiua iaiue. O aaeiei/aiiie, e?aniiei/aiiie e naaieneie eaionou
ca/euatho caa?yciaiiua eenouey. N?acatho aa?oithth /anoue e oaeaeytho
aioo?aiithth /anoue ei/a?uaeee. Iooiaeu ninoaaeytho 20% aeey
aaeiei/aiiie e 15% aeey e?aniiei/aiiie.

Eaionoiua iaiue iinea ca/enoee i?iiuaatho, iia?oaeatho ia 20-30 iei a
oieiaeioth iiaenieaiioth aiaeo aeey oaeaeaiey aonaieoe, aiiaue
i?iiuaatho.

Eaionoo ia?acatho nieiieie, eaaae?aoeeaie, ieanoeieaie.

Eoe. ?ai/aoue eoe ni?oe?otho, io?acatho aeiioea, oaeeo e i/euatho.
I/euaiiue eoe i?iiuaatho, ia?acatho eieueoeaie, iieoeieueoeaie, iaeeeie
eoaeeaie eee aeieueeaie. Iooiaeu ninoaaeytho 16%.

Caeaiue eoe ia?aae?atho, io?acatho ei?aoee, oaeaeytho iiaeaeoaaoea e
caaieaoea eenouey. I?iiuaatho e oeieotho.

Ieiaeiaua iaiue. Iao?oeu ni?oe?otho, iitho, n?acatho ieiaeiiiaeeo e
aa?oooeo, a eiaeeoeo oaeaeytho n iiaeaeoaaoeo iao?oeia.

Oueao iitho, n?acatho ieiaeiiiaeeo e oiieee neie eiaeeoeu. ?ac?acatho ia
/anoe, oaeaeytho naiaia e ia?acatho eiioeeaie eee eoaeeaie.

Iiieaei?u ni?oe?otho ii noaiaie c?aeinoe: oeaeua ieioiua eniieuecotho
aeey i?eaioiaeaiey naeaoia e aea?ee, a ia?ac?aeua e iyoua – aeey
i?eaioiaeaiey nionia e cai?aaee aeey noiia. Caoai oaeaeytho ieiaeiiiaeee
e iitho.

Ia?aoe ni?oe?otho, iitho, n?acatho ieiaeiiiaeee, oaeaeytho na?aeoeaaeio
n naiaiaie e iitho.

Caeaiue eoea, iao?ooee e oe?iia ia?aae?atho, ia?acatho ei?aoee, oi?ioi
i?iiuaatho e oeieotho.

A?eau ni?oe?otho ii aeaeai, i?iaa?ytho, iao ee n?aaee ieo yaeiaeouo,
/a?aeauo eee aieeuo, io?acatho ieaeithth /anoue iiaeee, caa?yciaiioth
caieae; oeyiee e iiaeee i/euatho io ni?a e iitho.

Nieaiua e ia?eiiaaiiua a?eau ia?aae?atho, iitho, e ia?acatho aeieueeaie
eee eiioeeaie.

Nooaiua a?eau ia?aae?atho, i?iiuaatho, caia/eaatho a oieiaeiie aiaea a
oa/aiea 1-3 /.

Iaiue e ieiaeu aeieaeiu auoue naaaeeie, ni/iuie, ia oayaeoeie.

?ai/aoue eoe o?aiyo i?e t 5 N 5 aeiae, aeaaeiinoue 70 %;

Caeaiue eoe i?e t 3 N 3 aeiy, aeaaeiinoue 85 %;

Oueaaiiua iaiue o?aiyo ia aieaa 3 aeiae i?e t 4 N, aeaaeiinoue 85-90 %;

Oiiaoiua iaiue – i?e t 3-11 N 3 aeiy, aeaaeiinoue 85-90 %;

Eeoaiaieiaeu – i?e t 1-2 N, aeaaeiinoue 75 %;

Ei?iaieiaeu – i?e t 1-3 N, aeaaeiinoueth 75-80 %.

1.2 Ia?aaioea ?uau e ia?uaiiai aiaeiiai nu?uey, i?eaioiaeaiea
iieooaa?eeaoia

?uaiue oeao ?aniieiaeai n iyniui oeaoii, eioi?ue iniauai iaiaoiaeeiui
iai?oaeiaaieai: ?aai/ee noie, aeaoo naeoeeiiiay aaiia, noaeeaae,
oieiaeeeueiay eaia?a; e eiaaioa?ai: ?acaeaei/iay aeinea, iiaee, aae aeey
ieuaauo iooiaeia e o.ae. ss iciaeiieeanue n ia?niiaeii yoiai oeaoa,
iinea /aai i?ioea eino?oeoaae ia ?aai/ai ianoa ii i?aaeeai aaciianiinoe.

Anni?oeiaio iinooiathuaai nu?uey ?aciiia?aciue: noaeae, neoia?ey,
aa?aooa, inao?eia, eaeueia?u. ?uaa iinooiaao aeeaay, ioeaaeaeaiiay,
ii?iaeaiay, nieaiay.

I?e i?eaiea ?uaiuo oiaa?ia a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue i?iaa?ytho eo
aeia?iea/anoaaiiinoue. Oeaeua oooee ia?iie, ioeaaeaeaiiie eee iooayaoae
iinea caii?aaeeaaiey ?uau aeieaeiu auoue oi?oaeie, a aiaea iie oiioo,
aeaaa?iua e?uoee ieioii i?eeaaatho, eeoa/iee ia acaeoo, a iuooeu ia
ioaeaeythony io iicaiii/ieea. Naaaeanoue ?uau ii?aaeaeytho ii caiaoo,
eiinenoaioeee, oeaaoo iyna ia ?ac?aca. Aeey oiai /oiau ?uaa ia
enii?oeeanue ioaeii niaethaeaoue o?aaiaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiie naieoa?ee
e ee/iie aeaeaiu.

Aeey auiieiaiey ?an/aoia iannu iieooaa?eeaoia eniieuecoaony ii?iaoeaiua
aeieoiaiou e nai?iee ?aoeaioo?.

A ?uaiii oeaoa i?iecaiaeeony i?aaeaa?eoaeueiay ia?aaioea ?uau, aa
i/enoea, ?acaeaeea e i?eaioiaeaiea iieooaa?eeaoia.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueiay ia?aaioea ?uau caeeth/aaony a iooaeaaiey ii?iaeaiie
?uau.

Iooaeaatho ?uao a aiaea i?e t ia auoa 20N, i?e niioiioaiee iannu ?uau e
aeeaeeinoe 1:2 .Aeey oiaiueoaiey iioa?ue ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa aiaeo
iiaenaeeaatho (7-10 a niee ia 1 e aiaeu).A i?ioeanna ?acii?aaeeaaiey
?uao iaiaoiaeeii ia?aiaoeaaoue. I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iooaeaaiey 2-3 /.

E?oiiuo ?ua e oeea iooaeaatho ia aicaeooa. ?uao e oeea ?aneeaaeuaatho ia
noaeeaaeao, i?e t aei 20 N iooaeaaiea inao?iauo ?ua aeeeony 10-24 /, a
oeea a aeieao 24 /.

Ia?aaioea ?uau n einoiui neaeaoii

Yoio i?ioeann neeaaeuaaaony ec neaaeothueo iia?aoeee: oaeaeaiey /aooe,
iio?ioaiey, i?iiuaaiey, ?acaeaeee, aoi?e/iiai i?iiuaaiey e ianooeaaiey.

A caaeneiinoe io ?acia?a e eoeeia?iiai eniieueciaaiey ?uao iiaeii
?acaeaeuaaoue ?acee/iuie niiniaaie.

?acaeaeea ?uau, eniieuecoaiie oeaeeeii. Aieaa e?oiioth ?uao ?acee/iuo
ii?iae, i?aaeiacia/aiioth aeey i?eaioiaeaiey aaieaoiuo aethae,
?acaeaeuaatho oeaeeeii, inoaaeyy aieiao eee oaeaeyy aa. Iinea niyoey
/aooe io?acatho nieiiie, aiaeueiue, a?oaeiua e a?thoiua ieaaieee. Caoai
aeaeatho iaae?ac a?thoea io aieiau aei aiaeueiiai ioaa?noey, iiae?acatho
ieaiee e oaeaeytho aioo?aiiinoe. Iinea ?uao oi?ioi i?iiuaatho. Iooiaeu
ninoaaeytho 15-20 %.

?acaeaeea ?uau, eniieuecoaiie iaieanoiaaiiay. Oaeei niiniaii
?acaeaeuaatho ii/oe ana aeaeu ?ua n?aaeiaai ?acia?a. ?uao i/euatho io
/aooe; o e?a?a aeaaa?iuo e?uoae iiae?acatho iyeioue, ia?aae?atho
iicaiii/iee e oaeaeytho aieiao, a aianoa n iae e /anoue aioo?aiiinoae.
Ia ?ac?acay a?thoea, ca/euatho aioo?aiithth iieinoue. N?acatho a?thoiua,
nieiiua, aiaeueiua, a?oaeiua ieaaieee. Oainoiaie ieaaiee oaeaeytho
i?yiui n?acii ia ?annoiyiee 1-2ni io iniiaaiey. Caoai oaeaeytho iea/aaua
einoe, i?iiuaatho e ianooeaatho. Iooiaeu ninoaaeytho 17-45 %.

?acaeaeee ?uau ia oeea n eiaeae e ?aaa?iuie einoyie. ?uao i/euatho io
/aooe, ?ac?acatho a?thoei io aieiau aei aiaeueiiai ioaa?noey e oaeaeytho
aioo?aiiinoe. I?i?acatho iyeioue o e?ay aeaaa?iuo e?uoae e oaeaeytho
aieiao, a caoai iea/aaoth einoue. Auiio?ioaiioth ?uao i?iiuaatho e
ieanootho, ?ac?acay ?uao aaeieue nieiu. Iinea n iaeiie iieiaeiee ?uau
n?acatho iicaiii/ioth einoue e iieo/atho aeaa oeea n eiaeae e ?aaa?iuie
einoyie. Iooiaeu ninoaaeytho 30-50%.

?acaeaeee ?uau ia oeea n eiaeae e aac ?aaa?iuo einoae. ?acaeaeeo
i?iecaiaeyo oae aea, a caoai n?acatho ?aaa?iua einoe, ia/eiay ni nieiee;
oeea eeaaeoo iiia?ae ?acaeaei/iie aeinee eiaeae aiec. Einoe n?acatho,
i?eaea?aeeaay ?oeie. Iooiaeu ninoaaeytho 40-52%.

?acaeaeee ?uau ia oeea n eiaeae aac eiaee e ?aaa?iuo einoae.
?acaeaeuaatho ?uao oae aea, eae ia oeea n eiaeae aac ?aaa?iuo einoae.
Caoai oeea eeaaeoo iiia?ae ?acaeaei/iie aeinee eiaeae aiec, oainoiaie
/anoueth e naaa. Iiae?acatho eiaeo o oainoa ia 1-1,5 ni, i?eaea?aeeaay
?oeie, n?acatho iyeioue. Iooiaeu aeinoeaatho 50-60%.

?acaeaeea ?uau aeey oa?oe?iaaiey. Oa?oe?otho ?uao oeaeeeii, ii?oeeiiiuie
eoneaie e a aeaea aaoiia.

Aeey oa?oe?iaaiey oeaeeeii ?uao i/euatho io /aooe, caoai io?oaatho
ieaaieee, aeaeatho iaae?acu ia nieia, i?i?acay ?aaa?iua einoe aaeieue
iicaiii/ieea. Iinea yoiai ia?a?acatho iicaiii/iee o oainoa e aieiau e
oaeaeytho aai. Ia nieia ?uau ia?acoaony ioaa?noea io aieiau aei oainoa,
/a?ac eioi?ia oaeaeytho aioo?aiiinoe. ?uao ouaoaeueii i?iiuaatho. Iiaeii
n?acatho iyeioue e ?aaa?iua einoe. Ieaaieee e einoe aioo?e ?uau
au?acatho iiaeieoeaie. Ec aieiau oaeaeytho aeaa?u e aeaca. Ouaoaeueii
i?iiuaatho ?uao iaiieiytho oa?oai, caai?a/eaatho a ia?eth, ia?aaycuaatho
oiaaaoii.

Aeey oa?oe?iaaiey ii?oeeiiiuie eoneaie iaieanoiaaiioth ?uao ia?acatho ia
e?oaeyoe oieueiie 5ni. Eiioeii iiaea au?acatho iyeioue n iaaeo noi?ii
iicaiii/ieea. Ioaa?noea iaiieiytho oa?oai e iiaeaioiaeaiioth ?uao
ioi?aaeytho aeey oaieiaie ia?aaioee.

I?e ianniaii ecaioiaeaiee ?uao oa?oe?otho a aeaea aaoiia. ?uao
?acaeaeuaatho ia oeea n eiaeae aac ?aaa?iuo einoae, a ae?oaoth /anoue ia
/enoia oeea, eioi?ia eniieuecotho aeey ecaioiaeaiey oa?oa. Oa?o ieioii
caai?a/eaatho a oeea. Noi?iiaaiiue aaoii ieioii iaa?ouaatho oeaeeioaiii,
eiioeu e nai aaoii iaaycuaatho oiaaaoii.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey oa?oa oeea ?uau aeaaaeaeu eciaeue/atho ia iyni?oaea
aianoa n oeaaii, caii/aiiui a iieiea, ianne?iaaiiui eoeii e /aniieii. A
oa?o aeiaaaeytho yeoea, nieue, iieioue ia?aoe e ia?aiaoeaatho.

Ia?aaioea ?uau n o?yuaaui neaeaoii.

I?e ia?aaioea inao?a aia/aea oaeaeytho aieiao n a?oaeiuie ieaaieeaie e
einoyie iea/aaiai iiyna. Iinea n?acatho nieiiie ieaaiee e iieineo eiaee
ni nieiiuie aeo/eaie; io?acatho a?thoiie e aiaeueiue ieaaieee ii eeiee
eo iniiaaiey, a oainoiaie ieaaiee io?acatho iiae i?yiui oaeii e
iicaiii/ieeo e oaeaeytho aeceao. Nouanoaotho aeaa niiniaa oaeaeaiey
aeceae.

1. Aeceao iiaeaeaaatho ecioo?e ?uau n iiiiuueth iiaa?neie eaeu,
caoaaouaatho ?oeie e auoyaeaatho.

2.Iinea oaeaeaiey aieiau iyeioue iaae?acatho eieueoeii o oainoa, ia
ia?a?acay aeceae, e aea?aea iaeiie ?oeie ca oainoiaie ieaaiee,
auoyaeaatho.

Iinea oaeaeaiey aeceae ?uao ieanootho ia caaiuey, ?ac?acay iin?aaeeia
aee?iaie i?ineieee ia nieia ia aeaa /anoe.

Iaeeea aieiaua e a?thoiua aeo/ee oaeaeytho a i?ioeanna i?eaioiaeaiey
iieooaa?eeaoia iinea ioia?eaaiey.

Anee ?uao eniieuecotho oeaeeeii, oi aieiao ia io?acatho, a oaeaeytho ec
iaa aeaa?u e aeaca. Nieiiua aeo/ee oaeaeytho iinea oaieiaie ia?aaioee.

I?eaioiaeaiea iieooaa?eeaoia ec ?uau

Ec ia?aaioaiiie ?uau aioiayo iieooaa?eeaou:

Aeey aa?ee aioiayo ec ?uau iaieanoiaaiiie, ieanoiaaiiie ia oeea n eiaeae
e ?aaa?iuie einoyie, oeaeie e caaiueaa inao?iauo ?ua.

Ii?oeeiiiua eonee ec iaieanoiaaiiie ?uau e ieanoiaaiiie ia oeea n eiaeae
e ?aaa?iuie einoyie ia?acatho iiae i?yiui oaeii. Eiaeo a 2-3 ianoao
iaae?acatho aeey i?aaeioa?auaiey aeaoi?iaoeee i?e oaieiaie ia?aaioea.

Caaiuey inao?iauo ioia?eaatho e i/euatho aieiaua, a?thoiua e iaeeea
aeo/ee. Anee caaii aa?yo oeaeeeii, oi o?yue oaeaeytho iinea aa?ee. Anee
ec caaia ia?acatho ii?oeeiiiua eonee, oi o?yue oaeaeytho aei aa?ee.

Iinea ca/enoee ?uao i?iiuaatho aiaeie, niuaay ia?aciaaaoeany naonoee
aaeea. A?thoioth /anoue iiaeai?a/eaatho e nieiea e ia?aaycuaatho
oiaaaoii, /oiau nio?aieoue oi?io a i?ioeanna aa?ee.

Aeey i?eioneaiey aioiayo ec ?uau iaieanoiaaiiie, ieanoiaaiiie ia oeea n
eiaeae e aac einoae, ec caaiueaa inao?iauo ?ua aac o?yuae eee oeaeie.

Ii?oeeiiiua eonee ia?acatho iiae ino?ui oaeii oe?ieeie oiieeie ieanoaie.
Ia eiaea aeaeatho iaae?acu. Ec inao?iauo aioiayo oeaeeeii, o caaia
iiaeai?a/eaatho a?thoioth /anoue e ia?aaycuaatho oiaaaoii.

Aeey ii?oeeiiiuo eoneia caaiuey eeaaeoo ia aeinee eiaeae aiec e
ia?acatho ia eonee iiae ino?ui oaeii, n?acay iyeioue n eiaee. Iieo/aiiua
eonee ioia?eaatho, iinea eonee i?iiuaatho a aiaea.

Aeey aea?ee n iaaieueoei eiee/anoaii aee?a aioiayo ec oeaeie ?uau n
aieiaie eee aac iaa, ec iaieanoiaaiiie, ieanoiaaiiie ?uau ia ana aeaeu
oeea, ec caaiueaa inao?iauo ?ua aac o?yuae.

Oeaeoth ?uao iinuiatho nieueth, ia?oeai e iaie?otho a ioea. Ec ?uau
ieanoiaaiiie ia oeea, ia?acatho eonee iiae ino?ui oaeii, ec
iaieanoiaaiiie – iiae i?yiui. Eiaeo a ianeieueeeo ianoao iaae?acatho,
?uao nieyo, iinuiatho ia?oeai e iaie?otho a ioea.

Ec inao?iauo caaii iiaeaioaaeeaatho oae aea, eae aeey aa?ee, a
ii?oeeiiiua eonee ia?acatho aac eiaee iiae ino?ui oaeii, ioia?eaatho,
i?iiuaatho, ianooeaatho, nieyo, iinuiatho ia?oeai e iaie?otho a ioea.

Aeey aea?ee a aieueoii eiee/anoaa aee?a aioiayo ec ?uau, ?acaeaeaiiie
oeaeeeii n aieiaie eee aac iaa, ec ieanoiaaiiie ia oeea aac eiaee e
einoae, ec caaiueaa inao?iauo ?ua aac o?yuae.

?uao oeaeoth iaie?otho a ioea. Ii?oeeiiiua eonee ia?acatho iiae ino?ui
oaeii e iaie?otho. Caaiuey inao?iauo ia?acatho ii?oeeiiiuie eoneaie, eae
aeey i?eioneaiey, a iinea ioia?eaatho, i?iiuaatho e iaie?otho a aeaieiie
iaie?iaea.

Aeey ?uau, aea?aiiie a oanoa, /enoia oeea ia?acatho a?oni/eaie aeeeiie
7-8 ni e ia?eiotho. Caoai aioiayo aeeaeeia oanoi: a iieiei aeiaaaeytho
aeaeoee, nieue, naoa?, ?anoeoaeueiia ianei, anuiatho ioeo e auiaoeaatho.
A oanoi ia?aae aea?eie aaiaeyo oi?ioi acaeoua aaeee, caoai iaiaeeaatho a
iaai ia?eiiaaiiua a?oni/ee ?uau e aea?yo ai o?eoth?a.

Ec ?oaeaiiie ?uau. Eioeaoioth ianno aioiayo ec oeea ?uau, ia?acay aa
eoneaie, aeiaaaeyy caii/aiiue a iieiea oeaa, nieue, ia?aoe, oi?ioi
ia?aiaoeaatho, i?iioneatho /a?ac iyni?oaeo, iinea /aai niiaa
ia?aiaoeaatho e auaeaatho.

Ec eioeaoiie iannu i?eaioaaeeaatho eioeaou, aeoi/ee, ?oeaou, c?acu.

Eioeaoai i?eaeatho iaaeueii-i?eiethnioooth oi?io n iaeiei caino?aiiui
eiioeii; aeoi/eai – e?oaei-i?eiethnioooth oi?io. Iaie?otho ecaeaeey a
nooa?iie iaie?iaea. Oaooaee oi?iotho a aeaea oa?eeia e iaie?otho a ioea.
Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey ?oeaoa eioeaoioth ianno ?aneeaaeuaatho ia iie?oth
oeaiue a aeaea i?yiioaieueieea. Ia na?aaeeio iiiauatho oa?o e,
i?eiiaeieiay eiioeu, niaaeeiytho e?ay eioeaoiie iannu.

?uaiua c?acu aioiayo ec eioeaoiie iannu, oi?ioy eo a aeaea ie?iaeea.

Iauee n?ie o?aiaiey iieooaa?eeaoia n iiiaioa ecaioiaeaiey 8-24 / i?e t
io – 1 aei 5 N.

Ia?aaioea ia?uaiuo ii?ai?iaeoeoia.

Ono?eoeu iinooiatho aeeauie. Eo i?iiuaatho a oieiaeiie aiaea e
iai?aaeytho aeey ?aaeecaoeee.

E?aaaoee iinooiatho caii?iaeaiiua a aeieao, nooaiua e a aeaea eiina?aia.
Caii?iaeaiiua ?acii?aaeeaatho ia aicaeooa 2 /. Nooaiuo e?aaaoie
ia?aae?atho, i?iiuaatho, caeeaatho aiaeie e inoaaeytho aeey iaaooaiey ia
4 /. O?aiyo aei eniieueciaaiey a oieiaeiii oeaoo.

Eaiaonoia nu?iii?iaeaiiuo ?acaeaeaiiuo ?acii?aaeeaatho ia aicaeooa a
oa/aiea 3 /.

Eaeueia?u iinooiatho ii?iaeaiuie oooeaie eee a aeaea oeea.
?acii?aaeeaatho eo a oieiaeiie aiaea. O ?acii?iaeaiiuo oooae oaeaeytho
inoaoee aioo?aiiinoae. Oooee e oeea aeaioe?otho i?e t 60-65 N a oa/aiea
3-6 iei e n/euatho oaiioth ieaieo. Iiaeaioiaeaiiua oooee e oeea
i?iiuaatho 2-3 ?aca a oieiaeiie aiaea.

Ii?neoth eaionoo nooaioth i/euatho io i?eiane e caia/eaatho aiaea 10-12
/, i?iiuaatho aei oaeaeaiey ianea, aa?yo, iaiyy aiaeo. ?aciya/aiioth
eaionoo o?aiyo a ioaa?a aei 24 /, iinea neeaatho, i?iiuaatho, caeeaatho
oieiaeiie aiaeie e o?aiyo a oieiaeeeueiii oeaoo.

Eniieueciaaiea ieuaauo iooiaeia. E ieuaaui iooiaeai ioiinyony: aieiau,
einoe, eiaea, ieaaieee, ee?a, /aooy, aeceaa, aee?.

Aieiau, einoe, eiaeo e ieaaieee eniieuecotho aeey aa?ee aoeueiiia.
Ia?aae oaieiaie ia?aaioeie nu?uea oi?ioi i?iiuaatho.

Ee?o iinea ouaoaeueii i?iiuaaiey eniieuecotho aeey i?eaioiaeaiey
iaooaoia.

Aeceao auia/eaatho a oieiaeiie aiaea, aa?yo 2-3 / e eniieuecotho aeey
oa?oae. AEe? aeiaaaeytho a eioeaoioth ianno.

1.3 Ia?aaioea iyna, ioeoeu, ia?iaoie aee/e, e?ieeea, i?eaioiaeaiea
iieooaa?eeaoia

Iyniie oeao ?aniieiaeai aianoa n ?uaiui, eioi?ue iniauai iaoaie/aneei
iai?oaeiaaieai: oieaa?naeueiui i?eaiaeii ni niaiiuie iaoaieciaie,
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuie noieaie aeey ?acaeaeee ooo e ia?acee i/o, iia/iuie
aaiiaie n i?ioi/iie aiaeie. Aeey ?acaeaeee ooo eniieuecotho
niaoeeaeueiua eino?oiaiou: iiaee-einoieiiu, iaaaei/iua iiaee e iaai?
iiaeae.

I?ioea eino?oeoaae ii i?aaeeai oaoieee aaciianiinoe, niaethaeaiea ee/iie
aeaeaiu e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie naieoa?ee.

Oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann ia?aaioee iyna aeeth/aao neaaeothuea iia?aoeee:
i?eai, i?iaa?ea ea/anoaa ii i?aaiieaioe/aneei iieacaoaeyi e acaaoeaaiea;
?acii?aaeeaaiea ii?iaeaiiai iyna; ca/enoea caa?yciaiiuo iano; oaeaeaiea
eeaeia; iaiuaaiea aiaeie; ianooeaaiea; ?acaeaeea ooo; i?eaioiaeaiea
iieooaa?eeaoia.

Ii?iaeaiia iyni ?acii?aaeeaatho ia aicaeooa. ?acii?aaeeaaiea i?eiaiytho
iaaeeaiiia e auno?ia.

Iaiuaaiea oaieie aiaeie nieaeaao iiaa?oiinoiia iee?iaiia ianaiaiaiea.
Iyni iiaeaaoeaatho ia e?th/uey e iaiuaatho /enoie aiaeie, a caoai
ianooeaatho /enoie oeaiueth e aicaeooii. Eeaeia n?acatho aei iaiuaaiey.

?acaeaeea ooo e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa

Oeaeueth ?acaeaeee ooo yaeyaony ecaioiaeaiea e?oiiieoneiauo,
ii?oeeiiiuo, iaeeieoneiauo e ?oaeaiuo iieooaa?eeaoia.

Oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann ecaioiaeaiey e?oiiieoneiauo i/o aeeth/aao
aeaeaiea iyna ia io?oaa, iaaaeeo eo e auaeaeaiea e?oiiieoneiauo i/o.

Io?oa – iynieinoiay /anoue oooe.

Iaaaeeo io?oaia i?iecaiaeyo a?o/ioth n iiiiuueth iiaea, iyeioue ioaeaeyy
io einoae.

Iieo/aiioth iyeioue ca/euatho io o?yuae, nooiaeeeee e eeoiaai aee?a. Yoa
iia?aoeey iacuaaaony aeeeiaea. A ?acoeueoaoa /aai iieo/atho
e?oiiieoneiaua i/o.

E?iia oiai, i?e ?acaeaeea oooe iieo/atho eioeaoiia iyni, einoe, o?yue e
nooiaeeeey.

Aiayaeeia iinooiaao iieooooaie eee /aoaa?oeiaie.

Ia ?en 1 iieacaii aeaeaiea aiayaeueae oooe ia /anoe.

I?eaioiaeaiea iieooaa?eeaoia e?oiiiai neioa

Iieooaa?eeaou aeey aea?ee.

E?oiiieoneiaua i / o – ?inoaeou aioiayo ec au?acee, oienoiai e oiieiai
e?aaa. Eo ca/euatho io ieaiie, a au?aceo io nooiaeeeee.

Ii?oeeiiiua i / o ia?acatho iiia?ae iuoa/iuo aieieii.

Aeoooaen ia?acatho iiae i?yiui oaeii ec ooieuaiiie /anoe au?acee
oieueiie 2-3 ni e neaaea ioaeaatho.

Oeea ia?acatho ec n?aaeiae /anoe au?acee oieueiie 4-5 ni.

Eaiaao ia?acatho iiae ino?ui oaeii ec oainoeea au?acee ii aeaa eonea ia
ii?oeeth. I/o neaaea ioaeaatho.

Iaeeieoneiaua i / o ia?acatho a iiia?a/iii iai?aaeaiee e ?aniieiaeaieth
iuoa/iuo aieieii io e?oiiieoneiauo i/o.

Aaono?iaaiia ia?acatho ec au?acee, oienoiai e oiieiai e?aaa, aa?oiae e
aioo?aiiae /anoae caaeiae iiae. Io e?oiiiai eonea io?acatho ieanou
iiia?ae aieieii, ioaeaatho eo e ?aaeoo a?oni/eaie aeeeiie 3-4 ni .

Iiaeaea?eo ia?acatho ec oienoiai e oiieiai e?aaa, aa?oiae e aioo?aiiae
/anoae caaeiae iiae. Iyni ia?acatho iiia?ae iuoa/iuo aieieii eoni/eaie.

Iieooaa?eeaou aeey oooaiey.

E?oiiieoneiaie i / o – aiayaeeia oooaiay – aioiaeony ec oaciaaae?aiiie
/anoe iannie aei 2 ea.

Aeey aiayaeeiu oieaiaaiiie oaciaaae?aiiua /anoe oieaotho n iiiiuueth
eaeu ii?eiaueth, iao?ooeie eee oieeii, eioi?ua ia?acatho aeeeiiuie
a?oni/eaie. I?ieieu aeaeatho aaeieue aieieii e a ia?aciaaaoaany
ioaa?noea anoaaeytho a?oni/ee oieea eee iaiuae.

Ii?oeeiiiua i / o. C?acu ioaeaiua ia?acatho ec aieiaie e ia?oaeiie
/anoae caaeiae iiae. Iiia?ae aieieii ia?acatho oiieea ieanou iyna,
ioaeaatho, ia na?aaeeio eeaaeoo oa?o e naa?ouaatho eo a aeaea eieaanie.
Aeey oa?oa ?ai/aoue eoe oeieotho e neaaea iaaea?eaatho, niaaeeiytho n
iieiouie nooa?yi, aa?aiuie oeieiaaiiuie a?eaaie e yeoeaie, ?oaeaiie
caeaiueth.

Iaeeieoneiaua i / o. Aco ia?acatho ec aieiaie e ia?oaeiie /anoae caaeiae
iiae a?oni/eaie aeeeiie 3-4 ni.

Iieooaa?eeaou aeey aa?ee. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey iyna ioaa?iiai eniieuecotho
iyeioue a?oaeeiee, eiiaoi/ioth, iie?iieo, io ooo I eaoaai?ee. Aiayaeeio,
i?aaeiacia/aiioth aeey aa?ee, ia?acatho ia eonee iannie ia aieaa 2 ea.
Iyeioue eiiaoee naa?ouaatho ?oeaoii e naycuaatho oiaaaoii.

I?eaioiaeaiea iieooaa?eeaoia iaeeiai neioa

I/o ec aa?aieiu aeey aea?ee.

E?oiiieoneiaie i / o – aa?aieia aea?aiay i?eaioaaeeaaaony ec
oaciaaae?aiiie /anoe. Aeey yoiai aa iiaeaa?aatho iaiieiie iaaaeea,
oaeaeyy aa?oeiaoth e oaciaoth einoe. Iyeioue eiiaoi/iie /anoe
nai?a/eaatho ?oeaoii, iiaeai?a/eaay aioo?ue aa?oiea e ieaeiea e?ay
eiiaoee, e ia?aaycuaatho oiaaaoii.

Aa?aieio, aea?aiioth e?oiiui eoneii e oieaiaaiioth, aioiayo ec ei?aeee,
ia?aaieaay e iiae?acay ieaiee ii ?aaa?iui einoi/eai. Caoai oieaotho aa
/aniieii.

Ii?oeeiiiua i / o. Eioeaou iaoo?aeueiua ia?acatho ec ei?aeee n ?aaa?iie
einoi/eie ii 1 eoneo ia ii?oeeth. Eioeaoo io?acatho iaeneinue aaeieue
?aaa?iie einoi/ee, iiae?acay iyeioue ia 2-3 ni io aa ieaeiaai eiioea.
Einoi/eo io?oaatho, ca/euatho io ieaiie e inoaoeia iyeioe. Iyeioue
ioaeaatho e i?eaeatho eioeaoa iaaeueioth oi?io.

Eioeaoa ioaeaiay aioiaeony oae aea, eae e iaoo?aeueiay, ii i/o
nia/eaatho a eueaciia e iaie?otho a nooa?yo.

Oieoeaeue ioaeaiie ia?acatho ec oaciaaae?aiiie /anoe oieueiie 2-3 ni,
iaaeueii-i?iaeieaiaaoie oi?iu. Io?acaiiua eonee ioaeaatho, ?uoeyo,
iaae?acatho nooiaeeeey e ieaiee, nia/eaatho a eueaciia e iaie?otho a
nooa?yo.

Iaeeieoneiaia i / o. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey oaoeuea eniieuecotho
oaciaaae?aiioth /anoue e ei?aeeo aac ?aaa?. Iyni ia?acatho iannie 30-40
a . Iyni ia?eiotho, aeiaaaeytho a?iiaoe/aneoth caeaiue, ?ai/aoue eoe.

Iieooaa?eeaou ec aa?aieiu aeey oooaiey.

E?oiiieoneiaie i / o – aa?aieio oooaioth – aioiayo ec eiiaoi/iie /anoe e
a?oaeeiee. Iyeioue nai?a/eaatho ?oeaoii e ia?aaycuaatho oiaaaoii.

Aeey aa?aieiu oieaiaaiiie eniieuecotho eiiaoi/ioth, oi?ioy aa ?oeaoii e
oieaoy ii?eiaueth e iao?ooeie, ia?acaiiuie a?oni/eaie.

Ii?oeeiiiua i / o. Aa?aieio aeooiaoth ia?acatho ii 1-2 eonea ia ii?oeeth
oieueiie 2-2,5 ni ec iyeioe eiiaoi/iie /anoe, ia ca/euay iiaa?oiinoiie
ieaiee.

Iaeeieoneiaua i / o. ?aao ia?oaatho ec oaeiie /anoe e a?oaeeiee iannie
20-30 a .

Aeey ieiaa eniieuecotho iyeioue eiiaoi/iie /anoe e a?oaeeieo. Iyni
ia?acatho eoni/eaie iannie 20-30 a.

Iieooaa?eeaou aeey aa?ee. Aeey aa?aieiu ioaa?iie eniieuecotho
eiiaoi/ioth /anoue e a?oaeeieo, ia?acaiiua ia eonee iannie aei 2 ea.

Iieooaa?eeaou ec naeieiu aeey aea?ee.

E?oiiieoneiaie i / o – naeieio aea?aioth – aioiayo ec ei?aeee,
oaciaaae?aiiie, oaeiie e eiiaoi/iie /anoae.

I/o ec ei?aeee iacuaaaony ea?aiiao, aai aioiayo, iieiinoueth iaaaeeaay
ei?aeeo. Ec oaciaaae?aiiie /anoe aioiayo aoaeaieio.

Ii?oeeiiiua i / o. Yneaeii, eioeaou iaoo?aeueiua e ioaeaiua ia?acatho ec
ei?aeee; oieoeaeue – ec oaciaaae?aiiie /anoe. I/o aioiayo oae aea, eae e
ec aa?aieiu.

Iaeeieoneiaua i / o. Iiaeaea?eo ia?acatho ec ei?aeee e oaciaaae?aiiie
/anoe. Aioiayo oae aea, eae e ec aa?aieiu.

Iieooaa?eeaou ec naeieiu aeey oooaiey.

E?oiiieoneiaua i / o – naeieio oooaioth e oieaiaaiioth – aioiayo ec
eiiaoi/iie e oaeiie /anoae oae aea, eae oaeea aea i/o ec aa?aieiu.

Ii?oeeiiiua i / o. Ec eiiaoi/iie e oaeiie /anoae ia?acatho aeey oooaiey
eoneii naeieio aeooiaoth, aea?eia ii-aeiiaoiaio e naeieio, oooaiioth n
eoeii.

Iaeeieoneiaua i / o. Aeey oooaiey iaeeeie eoneaie ia?acatho ec a?oaeeiee
?aao, ec eiiaoi/iie /anoe e a?oaeeiee – ieia.

Ana i/o aioiayo oae aea, eae e ec aa?aieiu.

Iieooaa?eeaou aeey aa?ee.

Naeieio ioaa?ioth aioiayo ec eiiaoi/iie /anoe e a?oaeeiee eoneii iannie
aei 2 ea.

Iieooaa?eeaou ec ?oaeaiiai iyna

?oaeaiua ecaeaeey aioiayo ec eioeaoiiai iyna aiayaeeiu, aa?aieiu,
naeieiu aac aeiaaaeaiey eee n aeiaaaeaieai oeaaa.

?oaeaiua iieooaa?eeaou aac oeaaa. Eioeaoiia iyni ia?acatho, niaaeeiytho
n naeii-nu?oeii e eciaeue/atho ia iyni?oaea. Oiee, ia?acaiiue iaeeeie
eoaeeaie, eeaaeoo iinea aai eciaeue/aiey. E eciaeue/aiiiio iyno
aeiaaaeytho aiaeo eee iieiei, nieue, ia?aoe e oi?ioi auiaoeaatho.

Aeoooaen ?oaeaiue aioiayo ec aiayaeeiu. A eciaeue/aiiia iyni aeiaaaeytho
oiee, ia?acaiiue eoaeeaie, e ae?oaea eiiiiiaiou. ?acaeaeuaatho a aeaea
aeoi/eia.

Eioeaou iaoo?aeueiua ?oaeaiua aioiayo ec aa?aieiu eee naeieiu, i?eaeaaay
ecaeaeeyi oi?io eioeao.

Oieoeaeue iaoo?aeueiue ?oaeaiue aioiayo ec naeieiu, aa?aieiu eee
aiayaeeiu.

I/o i?eaeatho ieineiiaaeueioth oi?io, nia/eaatho a eueaciia e iaie?otho
a nooa?yo.

?oaeaiua iieooaa?eeaou n oeaaii. Eioeaoiia iyni eciaeue/atho ia
iyni?oaea. Eciaeue/aiiia iyni niaaeeiytho n eoneaie /a?noaiai ioaie/iiai
oeaaa, i?aaeaa?eoaeueii caii/aiiiai a iieiea e ioaeaoiai, caoai
aeiaaaeytho ia?aoe, nieue, aoi?e/ii i?iiaeuaatho, aeiaaaeytho aiaeo e
ouaoaeueii auiaoeaatho. I?eaioiaeaiioth eioeaoioth ianno acaeaatho e
oi?iotho ec iaa eioeaou, aeoi/ee, oieoeaee (aioiayo ec aiayaeeiu,
aa?aieiu, naeieiu e oaeyoeiu). Aieueoeinoai ecaeaeee iaie?otho a
nooa?yo.

Aeoi/ee – ecaeaeey i?eiethniooi-ie?oaeie oi?iu, oieueiie 2-2,5 ni,
aeeaiao?ii 6 ni.

Eioeaou – ecaeaeey iaaeueiie oi?iu n iaeiei caino?aiiui eiioeii, aeeeia
– 11 ni, oe?eia – 5, oieueiie 2-2,5 ni.

Oieoeaee – ecaeaeey iaaeueii-i?eiethniooie oi?iu, oieueiie 1 ni.

Oaooaee – ecaeaeey a oi?ia oa?eeia aeeaiao?ii 3 ni, iaie?otho eo a ioea.
Aianoi oeaaa iiaeii aeiaaaeyoue i?eiouaiiue ?en.

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao iieooaa?eeaoia

Ia aeiioneaaony iaee/ea eaeeo-eeai i?eciaeia ii?/e, ineeceinoe e o. ae.
Iaoo?aeueiua ii?oeeiiiua i/o aeieaeiu eiaoue neaaea aeaaeioth, ii ia
eeieoth iiaa?oiinoue. Eiinenoaioeey iuoa/iie oeaie ia ?ac?aca
ioeaaeaeaiiiai iyna ieioiay, oi?oaay; iooayaoaai – aieaa iyaeay. Oeaao e
caiao anoanoaaiiua, naienoaaiiua aeaiiiio aeaeo iyna.

Iiaeaioiaeaiiua i/o oeeaaeuaatho a /enoua iaoaeee/aneea yueee eee
aea?aayiiua, iie?uoua ieuaaui eaeii.

Iauee n?ie ?aaeecaoeee aeey e?oiiieoneiauo i/o 48 /, iaoo?aeueiuo
ii?oeeiiiuo – 36 /, iaie?iaaiiuo – 24, iaeeieoneiauo – 24, ec eioeaoiie
iannu – 12 /.

?acii?aaeeaaiea ioeoeu, aee/e e e?ieeeia

Oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann ia?aaioee ioeoeu ninoieo ec ?acii?aaeeaaiey
ioeoeu, ?acaeaeee, iaiuaaiey e i?eaioiaeaiey i/o.

?acii?aaeeaaiea i?iecaiaeyo a iiiauaiee oeaoa. Oooee ?aneeaaeuaatho ia
noieu eee noaeeaaee a iaeei ?yae oae, /oiau iie ia nii?eeanaeenue. A?aiy
iooaeaaiey 10-20 /.

Ii?iaeaioth aee/ue iooaeaatho ia aicaeooa e ioia?eaatho. Aeey iaeaa/aiey
iueiuaaiey oooee eo iia?oaeatho a ai?y/oth aiaeo ia 1-2 iei.

E?ieeeia ?acii?aaeeaatho ia aicaeooa.

?acaeaeea ioeoeu, aee/e e e?ieeeia

O iio?ioaiie ioeoeu ioaeaeytho aeaa o?aoe oae, e?ueuey ii eieoaaie
nonoaa, aioo?aiiee aee?, ii/ee e eaaeea.

E?oiioth aee/ue ia?aaaouaatho, eae e naeueneioicyenoaaiioth ioeoeo.

O oooae e?ieeeia n?acatho eeaeia, oaeaeytho ai?eiaeio, oaeiue iicaiiie,
ii/ee, ca/euatho e i?iiuaatho. Oooeo ?ac?oaatho ia ia?aaeithth e
caaeithth /anoe ii iineaaeiaio iiynie/iiio iicaiieo.

I?eaioiaeaiea iieooaa?eeaoia

Oooea, iiaeaioiaeaiiay e oaieiaie ia?aaioea. Oooeo oi?iotho, aeey yoiai
ei i?eaeatho eiiiaeoioth oi?io: inoaaoothny /anoue eiaee oae cai?aaeytho
a ioaa?noea, ia?aciaaaoaany iinea oaeaeaiey ciaa n ieuaaiaeii; e?ueuey o
oeuieyo iiaeaa?ouaatho e nieiea.

Caoai oooeo eeaaeoo ia nieieo, ?ac?acatho noaiee a?thoiie iieinoe ieaea
eeey a?oaeiie einoe n iaaeo noi?ii e a ia?aciaaaoaany ioaa?noea
anoaaeytho caiethniaiua nonoaau iei?ieia.

Ii?oeeiiiua iieooaa?eeaou. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey i/o o ioeoeu e aee/e
eniieuecotho oeea. Oooee eeaaeoo nieieie aiec, iaae?acatho eiaeo a
oiaaeeao, auai?a/eaatho iiaeee a nonoaaao oae, e nieiatho eiaeo n
a?oaeiuo iuooe.

Caoai n eaaeaeie noi?iiu oooee aaeieue a?oaeiie einoe iiae?acatho
iyeioue, ia?a?oaatho eeth/eoeo e n?acatho iyeioue aianoa n eeth/aauie
einoyie. Niyoia oeea ninoieo ec aeaoo /anoae – aieueoiai n e?ueueiie
einoi/eie e iaeiai oeea. Iaeia oeea ioaeaeytho io aieueoiai e oaeaeytho
ec iaai nooiaeeeea. Io aieueoiai oeea io?acatho inoaoie eeth/eoeu
ia?a?acatho a aeaoo-o?ao ianoao nooiaeeeea. N oeea n?acatho ieaiee eee
iaae?acatho iiia?ae. A aieueoii oeea aeaeatho i?iaeieueiue iaae?ac
iyeioe, ia?a?acatho a ianeieueeeo ianoao nooiaeeeea e ?acai?a/eaatho
iyeioue a iaa noi?iiu ?ac?aca.

Iea/aaoth einoue ca/euatho io eiaee, io?oaatho /anoue aieiaee iea/aaiai
nonoaaa e iea/aaie einoe, inoaaeyy aa aeeeiie 3-4 ni.

Iyeioue ioaeaatho e eniieuecotho aeey i?eaioiaeaiey i/o.

Eioeaoo iaoo?aeueioth aioiayo ec oeea eo?, a?ieea?ia-oeuieyo, e?ieeea. A
?ac?ac aieueoiai oeea aeeaaeuaatho iaeia e i?eaeatho i/o iaaeueioth
oi?io.

Eioeaoo iaie?iaaiioth a ioee/ea io iaoo?aeueiie nia/eaatho a eueaciia e
iaie?otho a aaeie iaie?iaea.

Eioeaoo ii-eeaanee aioiayo ec eo?. Iiaeaioiaeaiiia aieueoia oeea neaaea
ioaeaatho; nooiaeeeey iaae?acatho, ia ia?aciaaaoeany ?ac?uaa
iaeeaaeuaatho oiiei ioaeoua eoni/ee iaeiai oeea; ia na?aaeeio eeaaeoo
noi?iiaaiiue a aeaea neaa?u eoni/ae neeai/iiai ianea. Ia iaeia
oeeaaeuaatho iaeia oeea e caai?a/eaatho e?ay aieueoiai oeea oae, /oiau
iieiinoueth iie?uoue ianei. Eioeaou nia/eaatho a eueaciia, iaie?otho a
aaeie iaie?iaea, aua ?ac nia/eaatho a eueaciia e niiaa iaie?otho a aaeie
iaie?iaea.

Oeuieyoa oaaaea – ia?aaioaiioth oooeo oeuieaiea ?ac?acatho aaeieue
a?oaeiie einoe, i?eaeatho ieineoth oi?io e ioaeaatho.

Iaeeieoneiaua iieooaa?eeaou. I/o aeey ieiaa ia?oaatho ec ioeoeu, aee/e
eee e?ieeea ii iaeiiio eoneo ia ii?oeeth, a aeey ?aao – eoneaie 40-50 a.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey i/o e?ieee ia aa?oaea nieiioth /anoue e?ieeea ?oayo
ia eonee iannie 40-50 a e ia?eiotho.

?oaeaiua iieooaa?eeaou. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey i/o ec ?oaeaiie ioeoeu
aioiayo eioeaoioth ianno. Ninoaa eioeaoiie iannu e i?eaioiaeaiea aa
aiaeiae/iu ninoaao e niiniao i?eaioiaeaiey eioeaoiie iannu ec iyna, ii
oeaaa ioaie/iiai aa?aony 20-24 %; iieiea eee aiaeu – 20-35 % iannu
iyeioe.

Aeoi/ee iau/ii ia iaie?otho, oae eae eo i?eioneatho.

Eioeaou ?oaeaiua iaie?otho a nooa?yo eee aaeie iaie?iaea.

Aeoi/ee oa?oe?iaaiiua oa?oe?otho iaeei?oaeaiuie aa?aiuie oaiieiueiiaie.
I/o i?eaeatho e?oaeoth oi?io e iaie?otho a nooa?yo.

?acaeae 2.

I?EAIOIAEAIEA E IOIONE EOEEIA?IIE I?IAeOEOeEE

2.1 I?eaioiaeaiea noiia

AEeaeeie iniiaie noiia yaeythony aoeueiiu: einoiue, iynieinoiue, ec
ioeoeu, ?uau eee a?eaiie ioaa?.

Einoiue e iynieinoiue aoeueii. Einoe ?oayo ia /anoe aeeeiie 5-6 ni.
Einoe aa?aieiu, naeieiu i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaaea?eaatho a aea?i/iii oeaoo
i?e t 150-200 N a oa/aiea 30-45 iei.

Iiaeaioiaeaiiua nu?ua einoe caeeaatho oieiaeiie aiaeie, a iaaea?aiiua –
ai?y/ae a niioiioaiee 1: 4, aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey e aa?yo i?e neaaii
eeiaiee, ia?eiaee/anee nieiay iaio e aee?. Aoeueii ec aiayaeueeo einoae
aa?yo 3-4 /, ec naeiuo e oaey/ueeo – 2-3 /. Aeey a?iiaoa aoeueiia a ieo
eeaaeoo ca 40-60 iei aei eiioea aa?ee ia?acaiiua a?iiaoe/aneea ei?aiuey,
ii?eiaue e eoe, iiaeaea?aiiua aac aee?a aei naaoei-ei?e/iaaiai oeaaoa, a
oe?ii, iao?ooeo ca 20-30 iei aei eiioea aa?ee.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey iynieinoiiai aoeueiia eniieuecotho aiayaeeio
(eiiaoi/ioth, iiaeeiiaoi/ioth /anoe, a?oaeeieo), oaeyoeio(a?oaeeieo),
aa?aieio (eiiaoeo, a?oaeeieo), naeieio (eiiaoeo, oath, a?oaeeieo). Iyni
eoneaie iannie 1,5-2 ea caeeaaeuaatho a einoiue aoeueii n o/aoii
aioiaiinoe iyna e einoae. N?iee aa?ee iyna: aiayaeeiu – 2-2,5 /,
aa?aieiu e naeieiu – 1,5-2 /.

?uaiue aoeueii. Aa?yo aoeueii ec ?uaiuo ieuaauo iooiaeia e ?uau. Ec
aieia ?ua oaeaeytho aeaa?u e aeaca. Oi?ioi i?iiuoua ?uaiua iooiaeu
eeaaeoo a eioeu, caeeaatho oieiaeiie aiaeie, eeaaeoo eoe e a?iiaoe/aneea
ei?aiuey, aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey e aa?yo, oiaiueoea iaa?aa, a oa/aiea
50-60 iei. Aioiaue aoeueii i?ioeaaeeaatho.

Aoeueii ec naeueneioicyenoaaiiie ioeoeu. Aeey aoeueiiia eniieuecotho
einoe, noai?iaeoeou e oeaeua oooee ioeoeu. Einoe ?oayo ia iaeeea /anoe,
oooee cai?aaeytho, caeeaatho oieiaeiie aiaeie, aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey e
aa?yo i?e neaaii eeiaiee 1-3 /, nieiay iaio e aee?. Ca 30-40 iei aei
aioiaiinoe eeaaeoo ei?aiue iao?ooee, ii?eiaue, ?ai/aoue eoe. Aioiaue
aoeueii i?ioeaaeeaatho. N?ie aa?ee ioeoeu: eo? – 2-3 /, aonae, ooie,
eiaeaae – 1-2 /.

A?eaiie ioaa?. Nooea a?eau ia?aae?atho, i?iiuaatho, caia/eaatho a
oieiaeiie aiaea (1:7) a oa/aiea 2-4 / e a yoie aea aiaea aa?yo aac niee.
Aioiaue ioaa? i?ioeaaeeaatho. A?eau i?iiuaatho e eniieuecotho i?e
i?eaioiaeaiee noiia.

Cai?aai/iua noiu

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey cai?aai/iuo noiia niaethaeatho ?yae iaueo i?aaee.

· i?iaeoeou caeeaaeuaatho iinea oiai eae aoeueii caeeieo,

· aa?eoue i?e neaaii eeiaiee,

· i?e cae?uoie e?uoea,

· ei?aiuey iiaeeaaeao ianna?iaaieth,

oiiao ith?a – ianne?otho,

ioeo ianne?otho n aee?ii eee aac e i?ioeaaeeaatho,

· ianna?iaaiua ei?aiuey eeaaeoo a noi ca 20 iei aei aioiaiinoe,

· niaoeee, eaa?iaue eeno – ca 5-10 iei aei eiioea aa?ee,

· noi a oa/aiea 2-3 / nio?aiyao naia ea/anoai.

Ue

Ue aioiayo ec aaeiei/aiiie eaionou (eaaoaiie e naaaeae), naaieneie
eaionou, e?aieau, uaaaey, oieiaoa. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey uae oaeaea
eniieuecotho i/o i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, eaaoaioth eaionoo n
ianne?iaaiiui eoeii, ii?eiaueth e ei?aiueyie, n aeiaaaeaieai oiiaoa,
ioee e niaoeee.

Ai?ue

Iniiaiie /anoueth ai?uae yaeyaony naaeea, oaeaea aoiaeeo eaionoa,
ea?oioaeue. E?iia oiai, eniieuecotho eoe, ii?eiaue, aaeua ei?aiuey e
oiiaoiia ith?a.

Naaeeo ia?acatho nieiieie eee eiioeeaie, eeaaeoo a nioaeiee, aeiaaaeytho
aoeueii e oooao 30-40 iei. Ca 10 iei aaiaeyo oiiaoiia ith?a e oenon,
iaa?aa oiaiueoatho.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey ai?ua a aoeueii eeaaeoo oeieiaaiioth naaaeoth
eaionoo, aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey, aeiaaaeytho ea?oioaeue e aa?yo 15-20
iei. Caoai aeiaaaeytho oooaioth naaeeo, ianna?iaaiua iaiue , niaoeee e
eeiyoyo 5-10 iei.

?annieueieee

Ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth ?annieueieeia yaeyaony, nieaiua iao?oeu,
eoe e aaeua ei?aiuey. Oaeaea iaeioi?uo ?annieueieeia aoiaeyo ea?oioaeue,
e?oiu, e eaionoa.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey ?annieueieeia nieaiua iao?oeu i/euatho io eiaeeoeu,
ia?acatho ?iiaeeaie e i?eioneatho n iaaieueoei eiee/anoaii aoeueiia
10-15 iei.

I/enoee e naiaia caeeaatho, eeiyoyo, i?ioeaaeeaatho e iieo/aiiui
?annieii cai?aaeytho ?annieueiee. ?ai/aoue eoe ?aaeoo nieiieie e
ianne?otho. Aaeua ei?aiuey e ii?eiaue i/euatho, i?iiuaatho e oeieotho.
Ii?eiaue ianne?otho.

Nieyiee

Nieyiee ioee/athony ino?ui aeonii, neeueiui i?yiui a?iiaoii. Aioiayony
ia iyniii, ?uaiii eee a?eaiii aoeueiia.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey nieyiie ?ai/aoue eoe oeieotho, ianne?otho,
aeiaaaeytho oiiaoiia ith?a e i?iaeieaeatho ianne?iaaoue. Nieaiua iao?oeu
i/euatho io eiaeeoeu e naiyi e ?aaeoo eiioeeaie, caoai i?eioneatho n
aoeueiiii. A eeiyuee aoeueii eeaaeoo ianne?iaaiiue eoe n oiiaoiui ith?a,
i?eiouaiiua iao?oeu, niaoeee, aa?aiua iyniua i?iaeoeou ia?acaiiua
ieanoeieaie. Nieyieo aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey e aa?yo 5-10 iei. A aioiaoth
nieyieo eeaaeoo ianeeiu eee ieeaee aac einoi/ae.

Noiu ea?oioaeueiua e iaiuiua

Ea?oioaeue e iaiue ?aaeoo aeieueeaie, e?oaei/eaie eee eiioeeaie. Oi?ia
ia?acee caaeneo io aeaea i?iaeoeoa: anee aeiaaaeytho iaea?iiu –
a?oni/eaie; a noiu n aa?ieoaeueth – nieiieie; n noiiauie canuieaie –
eoni/eaie.

Ei?aiuey e eoe ?ai/aoue ia?acatho nieiieie, naaaeea iiieaei?u –
aeieueeaie, no?o/ee oaniee – ?iiaeeaie. Noiu ea?oioaeueiua aioiayo ia
aoeueiiao iyniuo, a?eaiuo e ?uaiuo.

A eeiyuee aoeueii caeeaaeuaatho iiaeaioiaeaiiua i?iaeoeou a oaeie
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe, /oiau iie auee iaeiia?aiaiii aioiau; ca 10-15 iei
aei eiioea aa?ee eeaaeoo ianne?iaaiiua eoe e ii?eiaue, niaoeee.

Noiu n iaea?iiiuie ecaeaeeyie, aeiiaoiae eaioie, e?oiie e aiaiauie

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey yoeo noiia eniieuecotho iaea?iiu, aa?ieoaeue, ?iaeee,
eaioo, ?acee/iua e?oiu e aiaiaua. Ii?eiaue e eoe aeey noiia n
iaea?iiiuie ecaeaeeyie oeieotho nieiieie, a n e?oiaie – iaeeeie
eoaeeaie. Noiu aioiayo ia aoeueiiao e ioioneatho n iyniuie i?iaeoeoaie.

Noiu iiei/iua

Aioiayo n iaea?iiiuie ecaeaeeyie, e?oiaie e iaiuaie ia iieiea eee n
aeiaaaeaieai aiaeu. E?oiu i?aaeaa?eoaeueii ?acaa?eaatho ii/oe aei
aioiaiinoe a aiaea, a caoai aeiaaaeytho eeiyuaa iieiei.

Iaea?iiiua ecaeaeey aa?yo a iieiea. Iaiioth e?oio i?inaeaatho, a caoai
oiieie no?oeeie anuiatho a iieiei.

Iaiue oeieotho aeieueeaie, ea?oioaeue – eoaeeaie, aaeiei/aiioth eaionoo
?aaeoo eaaae?aoiuie eiioeeaie. Aia/aea iaiue i?eioneatho n aiaeie, a
caoai aeiaaaeytho iieiei. Caeaiue ai?ioae e oanieue no?o/eiaoth eeaaeoo
a iiei/iua noiu ca 5-10 iei aei eiioea aa?ee. I?e ioionea aeiaaaeytho
neeai/iia ianei.

Noiu-ith?a

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey i?ioa?ouo noiia e?oiu e ea?oioaeue aa?yo, iaiue
i?eioneatho, ioeoeo e aee/ue aa?yo eee i?eioneatho, ia/aiue oooao.
Aeiaaaeaiiua aei aioiaiinoe i?iaeoeou i?ioe?atho. I?ioa?ooth ianno
?acaiaeyo aoeueiiii, iieieii, aiaeie eee iieieii n aiaeie, caoai aaiaeyo
?acaaaeaiioth io/ioth ianna?iaeo e eeiyoyo. Iaeioi?ua noiu iinea
eeiy/aiey ioeaaeaeatho e cai?aaeytho ye/ii-iiei/iie nianueth. Ia?aae
ioioneii aeiaaaeytho neeai/iia ianei.

I?ic?a/iua noiu

Iniiaie aeey i?eaioiaeaiey i?ic?a/iuo noiia neoaeao inaaoeaiiua
aoeueiiu. Noiu aioiayo ia iniiaa iau/iuo aoeueiiia. Aeey inaaoeaiey a
aioiaue aoeueii aaiaeyo ?anoai? aaeeia e iaa?aaatho. Iooyaeeo aioiayo
neaaeothuei ia?acii: iyna 3 ni?oa eciaeue/atho ia iyni?oaea, aeieeaatho
oieiaeiie aiaeie, aeiaaaeytho nieue e ianoaeaatho ia oieiaea 1-1,5 /. A
iooyaeeo aaiaeyo ye/iua nu?ua aaeee e oi?ioi ?aciaoeaatho. Yoo iooyaeeo
aeiaaaeytho a ioeaaeaeaiiue einoiue aoeueii e oi?ioi ia?aiaoeaatho. E
aoeueiio n iooyaeeie aeiaaaeytho iiaeia/aiiua eoe, ii?eiaue e aaeua
ei?aiuey. Iinea yoiai aoeueii aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey, nieiatho iaio e
aee? auaea?aeeaatho i?e neaaii eeiaiee aei oao ii?, iiea iiaeiyaoeeny
iaaa?o aoa/aouo naonoie aaeea ia iionoeony aiiaue ia aeii, iinea yoiai
aoeueii i?ioeaaeeaatho e niiaa aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey.

E i?ic?a/iui noiai iiaeatho ie?iaeee, eoeaayee, ?annoaaae e ie?iae.
E?iia oiai, noiu iiaeii iiaeaaaoue n ?acee/iuie aa?ie?aie, eioi?oth
eeaaeoo a oa?aeeo, caeeaatho aoeueiiii i?e ioionea eee iiaeatho
ioaeaeueii.

Oieiaeiua noiu

A eaoiaa a?aiy ni?inii iieuecothony oieiaeiua noiu. AEeaeeie iniiaie
yoeo noiia iiaoo auoue: oeaaiue eaan, naaeieueiua ioaa?u, o?oeoiaua
ioaa?u.

A ?aoeaioo?o yoeo noiia aoiaeyo caeaiue eoe, oe?ii, ?aaeen, iao?oeu,
uaaaeue, oieiao.

Neaaeeea noiu aioiayo ec naaaeeo e nooaiuo ieiaeia e yaiae. Neaaeeea
noiu ioioneatho oieiaeiuie n ?acee/iuie aa?ie?aie: ioaa?iuie iaea?iiiuie
ecaeaeeyie, ?enii, iiaeii eeanoue aa?aieee.

Iaoeeiiaeueiua noiu

Oieiae (noi eaioa n eo?eoeae). A eeiyuee aoeueii caeeaaeuaatho
iiaeaioiaeaiue ea?oioaeue – aeieueeaie, eoe ?ai/aoue – eieueoeaie,
ii?eiaue – e?oaei/eaie e aa?yo aei aioiaiinoe . Ca 8-10 iei aei eiioea
aa?ee aeiaaaeytho eaioo, nieue, ia?aoe, eaa?iaue eeno.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey aeiiaoiae eaioe aiaeo aiaeyo yeoea, nieue
ia?aiaoeaatho, aeiaaaeytho i?inayiioth ioeo e caiaoeaatho e?ooia oanoi.
Aai oiiei ?aneaouaatho, inoaaeytho ia 10-15 iei aeey ianooeaaiey, iinea
ia?acatho ia iieinee oe?eiie 4-5 ni., eo neeaaeuaatho iaeia ia ae?oaoth
e oeieotho.

I?e ioionea a noi eeaaeoo eoni/ae iyna, oaeaea iiaeii iiaeaoue eaoue.

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao

Aoeueiiu – aeieaeiu auoue i?ic?a/iua eee neaaea iooiiaaoua. Ia
iiaa?oiinoe aoeueiia iiaoo auoue aeanee naaoei-aeaeoiai aee?a. Aeon e
caiao – naienoaaiiua aoeueiio.

Ai?ue – eaionoa ia?acaia nieiieie eee eaaae?aoeeaie, inoaeueiua iaiue
aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue oi?ia ia?acee eaionou. Iaiue aeieaeiu auoue
iyaeeie. Oeaao- iaeeiiai-e?aniue. Aeon eenei-neaaeeee.

Ue – oi?ia ia?acee anao iaiuae niioaaonoaoao oi?ia ia?acee eaionou. Ue
ec eaaoaiie eaionou iiaoo auoue naaoei- ei?e/iaaiai oeaaoa. Iaiue
aeieaeiu nio?aieoue oi?io ia?acee. Aeon – neaaeeiaaoue, ec eaaoaiie
eaionou – aac ?aceie eeneioiinoe.

?annieueieee – iaiue aeieaeiu nio?aiyoue naith oi?io ia?acee. Ia
iiaa?oiinoe – aee? i?aiaeaaiai, aeaeoiai oeaaoa eee aac oeaaoa. Aeon e
caiao – ino?ue.

Nieyiee – i?iaeoeou ia?acaiu eiioeeaie, ?iiaeeaie. Aoeueii iooiiaaoue.
AEe?

ia iiaa?oiinoe aeaeoue eee i?aiaeaaue.

Iiei/iua noiu. Oeaao – aaeue. Aeon – neaaeeiaaoue, neaainieaiue. Ia
aeiioneaaony caiao i?eai?aeiai iieiea.

Ith?aia?aciua noiu – i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaeii?iaeioth ianno. Oeaao-
aaeue eee niioaaonoaothuee iniiaiiio i?iaeoeoo.

I?ic?a/iua noiu – aoeueii aeieaeai auoue i?ic?a/iui. Oeaao iaiuae
aeieaeai auoue iaoo?aeueiui. A?iiao aoeueiia aeieaeai auoue ?acei
au?aaeaiiui.

2.2.1 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae ec iaiuae, e?oi, aiaiauo e iaea?iiiuo
ecaeaeee

Aethaea ec aa?aiuo iaiuae. Iaiue iiaeii aa?eoue a aiaea eee ia ia?o.

Ea?oioaeue i?e aa?ea eeaaeoo a eeiyuoth iiaenieaiioth aiaeo. O?iaaiue
aiaeu aeieaeai auoue ia 1-1,5 ni auoa o?iaiy iaiuae.

Iaiue, eiathuea caeaioth ie?aneo, aa?yo a aieueoii eiee/anoaa aiaeu i?e
ao?iii eeiaiee.

Naaeeo aa?yo oeaeeeii, a caoai oaea ia?acatho e oooao.

Auno?icaii?iaeaiiua iaiue aa?yo, ia ?acii?aaeeaay.

Nooaiua iaiue ia?aae aa?eie i?iiuaatho, caeeaatho aiaeie e inoaaeytho
aeey iaaooaiey ia 1-3 / , a caoai aa?yo a yoie aea aiaea.

Ea?oioaeueiia ith?a. Aa?aiue e ianooaiiue ea?oioaeue i?ioe?atho ai?y/ei
ia i?ioe?i/iie iaoeia. Caoai aeiaaaeytho, iiiaoeaay ai?y/aa iieiei e
?anoiieaiiia ianei. Ith?a acaeaatho aei iieo/aiey iaeii?iaeiie iuoiie
iannu.

I?e ioionea ia ith?a aeaeatho oci?, iieeaatho ianeii.

Aethaea ec i?eiouaiiuo iaiuae. Aeey i?eioneaiey iaiue ia?acatho
aeieueeaie, nieiieie eee eoaeeaie. I?eioneatho n aeiaaaeaieai
iaaieueoiai eiee/anoaa aiaeu.

Iaiue i?eiouaiiua. Ii?eiaue, ?aio, a?theao, oueao eee eaaa/ee ia?acatho
a?oni/eaie eee eoaeeaie, a eaionoo – eaaae?aoeeaie. Iiaeaioiaeaiiua
iaiue eeaaeoo a nioaeieee neiai ia aieaa 5 ni , aeiaaaeytho iaiiiai
ai?y/aai aoeueiia n aee?ii, cae?uaatho e?uoeie e i?eioneatho aei
aioiaiinoe.

Ioioneatho iaiue n ianeii e iinuiatho ?oaeaiie caeaiueth.

Aethaea ec aea?aiuo iaiuae. Iaiue aea?yo n aee?ii eee a aieueoii
eiee/anoaa aai . I?e iaaieueoii eiee/anoaa aee?a iaiue e ecaeaeey ec ieo
aea?yo ia neiai?iaeao eee i?ioeaiyo. I?e aea?ea ai o?eoth?a aee?
?acia?aaatho. Eiiaaea iaiue aeiaea?eaatho a aea?i/iuo oeaoao.

Ea?oioaeue aea?aiiue ai o?eoth?a. Aeey iieo/aiey o?onoyuaai ea?oioaey
aai ia?acatho eiioeeaie oieueiie 1,5 ii . Iiaeaioiaeaiiue aeey aea?ee
ea?oioaeue i?iiuaatho, ianooeaatho e iia?oaeatho a aee?, iaa?aoue aei t
175-180 N. Aioiaue ea?oioaeue auieiatho, aeatho noa/ue aee?o, nieyo e
i?ia?aaatho a aea?i/iii oeaoo.

Aeey iieo/aiey acaeooiai ea?oioaey aai ia?acatho oienouie eiioeeaie 5-6
ii e

iia?oaeatho a aee?, iaa?aoue aei t 135-150 N .Caoai ea?oioaeue ia?aiinyo
a aee?, iaa?aoue aei t 175-180 N.

Aethaea ec oooaiuo iaiuae.

Eaionoa oooaiay. Aaeiea/aioth eaionoo ia?acatho nieiieie, eeaaeoo a
eioae neiai aei 30 ni, aeiaaaeytho aoeueii, aee?, oenon, ianne?iaaiiue
oiiao e oooao aei iieoaioiaiinoe, iiiaoeaay. Caoai aeiaaaeytho
ia?acaiiua nieiieie e ianne?iaaiiua ii?eiaue, aaeua ei?aiuey, eoe,
eaa?iaue eeno, ia?aoe e oooao aei aioiaiinoe. A eiioea oooaiey
aeiaaaeytho io/ioth ianne?iaeo, naoa?, nieue e aiiaue aeiaiaeyo aei
eeiaiey.

Caia/aiiua aethaea ec iaiuae. Aeey caiaeaiey iaiue e a?eau
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii aa?yo, i?eioneatho, oooao eee aea?yo.

Caiaeatho iaiue a aea?i/iuo oeaoao i?e t 250-280 N aei ia?aciaaiey
?oiyiie ei?i/ee ia iiaa?oiinoe .

Iaiue, caia/aiiua iiae nionii. Ioaa?iua iaiue ia?acatho, oeeaaeuaatho ia
ii?oeeiiiua neiai?iaeu eee i?ioeaie, niacaiiua aee?ii, caeeaatho nionii,
iinuiatho oa?oui nu?ii e caiaeatho.

Aethaea ec a?eaia.

A?eau, oooaiiua n ea?oioaeai. Naaaeea a?eau ia?acatho eiioeeaie e aea?yo
ia aee?a. Nooaiua a?eau aa?yo, a caoai aea?yo. Ea?oioaeue ia?acatho
eoaeeaie eee aeieueeaie e i?eioneatho aei iieoaioiaiinoe. ?ai/aoue eoe
ia?acatho iieoeieueoeaie eee aeieueeaie e ianne?otho. Niaaeeiytho ana
eiiiiiaiou, cai?aaeytho nionii niaoaiiui eee niaoaiie e oooao aei
aioiaiinoe.

Aethaea ec e?oi.

?annui/aoua eaoe. A eioae iaeeaatho aiaeo, aeiaiaeyo aa aei eeiaiey,
aeiaaaeytho nieue, anuiatho iiaeaioiaeaiioth e?oio iiiaoeaay, aa?yo aei
caaonoaiey. Iinea oiaiueoatho iaa?aa, cae?uaatho eioae e?uoeie e aeatho
eaoa oi?aoue. AEe? iiaeii eeanoue ai a?aiy aa?ee eee iieeaaoue ei eaoo
i?e ioionea.

Ayceea eaoe. Aioiayo eo ia aiaea, iieiea eee iieiea n aiaeie. ?eniaoth,
ia?eiaoth, ianyioth, ioaie/ioth e?oiu aa?yo 20-30 iei a aiaea, neeaatho
e aeiaaaeytho ai?y/aa iieiei e aa?yo aei aioiaiinoe.

Iaiioth e?oio anuiatho a eeiyuoth aeeaeeinoue e iai?a?uaii iiiaoeaatho.

A?a/iaaoth e?oio canuiatho a eeiyuoth aeeaeeinoue, aeiaaaeytho naoa?,
nieue e aa?yo, iiiaoeaay, iiea eaoa caaonoaao. Caoai iinoaeo ieioii
cae?uaatho e oiaiueoea iaa?aa, aeiaiaeyo eaoo aei aioiaiinoe.

AEeaeeea eaoe. Aa?yo aeeaeeea eaoe oae aea, eae e ayceea, ii n aieueoei
eiee/anoaii aeeaeeinoe. Ioioneatho eo n aee?ii eee naoa?ii, aa?aiueai,
iaaeii.

Ecaeaeey ec eao.

Caiaeaiea. Ayceoth eaoo ioeaaeaeatho, niaoeaatho n yeoeii, aeiaaaeytho
ecthi, caii/aiioth eo?aao, eeaaeoo neiai a 3-4 ni ia i?ioeaie, niacaiiua
ianeii e iinuiaiiua nooa?yie, iiaa?oiinoue niacuaatho yeoeii ni niaoaiie
e caiaeatho i?e t 250-280 N a oa/aiea 30-40 iei. Ioioneatho n aee?ii eee
niaoaiie.

Aethaea ec aiaiauo.

Caii/aiiua aiaiaua caeeaatho oieiaeiie aiaeie e aa?yo i?e neaaii
eeiaiee: ai?io – 60-90 iei, oanieue – 1-2 /. Iinea ?aciya/aiey aiaiauo
aeiaaaeytho nieue, inoaaeytho ia 15-20 iei a ioaa?a e caoai neeaatho
aai. Aiaiaua iieeaatho ?anoiieaiiui aee?ii, eee cai?aaeytho aee?ii n
ianne?iaaiiui eoeii.

Oae aea ioioneatho ith?a ec ioaa?iuo, i?ioa?ouo aiaiauo.

Aethaea ec iaea?iiiuo ecaeaeee.

Ioaa?iua iaea?iiu, eaioa. Iaea?iiu, eaioo, aa?ieoaeue eee ?iaeee eeaaeoo
a eeiyuoth iiaenieaiioth aiaeo e aa?yo aei aioiaiinoe: iaea?iiu – 20-30
iei, eaioo – 20-25, aa?ieoaeue – 10-12 iei. Aioiaua iaea?iiu
ioeeaeuaatho e cai?aaeytho /anoueth aee?a. Ioioneatho eo n oa?oui nu?ii,
oai?iaii.

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao

Ana aethaea ec iaiuae aeieaeiu eiaoue iyaeoth ni/ioth eiinenoaioeeth,
nio?aiyoue oi?io ia?acee. Oeaao e caiao – naienoaaiiue caeiaeaiui
i?iaeoeoai e oaieiaie ia?aaioee.

A ?annui/aouo eaoao ca?ia aeieaeiu auoue oeaeuie e ioaeaeyoueny ae?oa io
ae?oaa, a o ayceeo eao – oi?ioi iaaoooeie, ?acaa?eaoeieny.

Ca?ia aiaiauo aeieaeiu auoue iyaeeie e nio?aieaoeie oi?io, aac ai?a/e e
caooeinoe. Iaea?iiu ioaa?iua ia aeieaeiu auoue eeaeeeie,
aeaoi?ie?iaaiiuie, ia?aaa?aiiuie.

2.2.2 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae ec ?uau

Aethaea ec aa?aiie ?uau.

Aeey aa?ee ec ?uau aioiayo i/o: oeaeua oooee n aieiaie eee aac;
ii?oeeiiiua eonee, ia?acaiiua iiae oaeii 90 .

Oeaeua oooee e caaiuey inao?iauo ?ua caeeaatho oieiaeiie aiaeie eee
aoeueiiii. Ii?oeeiiiua eonee caeeaatho eeiyuae aiaeie eee aoeueiiii.

Aeey aa?ee eniieuecotho ?uaiua eioeu n naoeaie eee nioaeieee. Oeaeua
oooee e caaiuey oeeaaeuaatho ia ?aoaoee ?uaiuo eioeia. Ii?oeeiiiua eonee
oeeaaeuaatho a iaeei ?yae eiaeae aaa?o, e eiaeo iaae?acatho.

AEeaeeinoe aa?oo oaeia eiee/anoai, /oiau iia iie?uaaea ?uao ia aieaa ia
1-2 ni, aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey, eeaaeoo nieue e, oiaiueoea iaa?aa,
aeiaiaeyo ?uao aei aioiaiinoe. Iaai? i?yiinoae e niaoeee caaeneo io
aeaea ?ua.

Naa?aiiua caaiuey inao?iauo ?ua ioeaaeaeatho, ca/euatho io o?yuae,
ia?acatho ia ii?oeeiiiua eonee, caeeaatho aoeueiiii e aeiaiaeyo aei
eeiaiey.

I?e ioionea eonee ioaa?iie ?uau oeeaaeuaatho eiaeae aaa?o ia oa?aeeo,
naieo eee aie?oa eeaaeoo aa?ie? – ioaa?iie ea?oioaeue, iieea
?anoiieaiiui ianeii e iinuiatho oeieiaaiiie caeaiueth.

Aethaea ec i?eiouaiiie ?uau.

Iae?oiioth ?uao i?eioneatho oeaeeeii, inao?iaoth – caaiueyie eee
ii?oeeiiiuie eoneaie. Aeii nioaeieeia niacuaatho ianeii, oeeaaeuaatho
eonee ?uau a iaeei ?yae eiaeae aaa?o.

Iiaeaioiaeaiiua oooee oi?aee, noaeaea, noa?eyaee, eeaaeoo a?thoeii aiec,
a caaiuey inao?iaie ?uau – eiaeae aiec. A iinoaeo n ?uaie iaeeaatho
noieueei aoeueiia, /oiau ii iie?uaae ?uao, aeiaaaeytho nieue, aaeua
ei?aiuey, eoe, niaoeee. Nioaeiee cae?uaatho e?uoeaie e i?eioneatho ?uao
aei aioiaiinoe. N?ie i?eioneaiey ii?oeeiiiuo eoneia 15-20 iei, oeaeie
?uau e caaiueaa 25-45 iei. I?eiouaiiua caaiuey inao?iaie ?uau iaiuaatho
ai?y/ei aoeueiiii, ia?acatho ia ii?oeeiiiua eonee, caeeaatho aoeueiiii e
aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey.

I?e ioionea ?uao iieeaatho nionii e eeaaeoo eiioee eeiiia , naieo
oeeaaeuaatho aa?ie?.

Aethaea ec oooaiie ?uau.

?uaa, oooaiay n eoeii e neaaeeei ia?oeai. ?uao iaaea?eaatho n aee?ii.
?ai/aoue eoe oeieotho e ianne?otho. Neaaeeee ia?aoe oeieotho nieiieie,
niaaeeiytho n ianne?iaaiiui eoeii e ana aianoa ianne?otho aua 3-5 iei.
Ianne?iaaiiua iaiue oeeaaeuaatho a nioaeiee, aeiaaaeytho naaaeea
iiieaei?u, iiaeeeaatho aoeueii e aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey. Caoai eeaaeoo
?uao, /aniie, ?anoa?oue n nieueth, caeaiue iao?ooee e ana oooao ia
neaaii iaia 10-15 iei.

I?e ioionea ?yaeii n ?uaie eeaaeoo ioaa?iie ea?oioaeue, caeeaatho ana
nionii e iinuiatho ?oaeaiie caeaiueth.

Aethaea ec aea?aiie ?uau.

?uao aea?yo iniiaiui niiniaii a aea?i/iuo oeaoao, ai o?eoth?a e ia
ioe?uoii iaia. Aeey aea?ee iniiaiui niiniaii eniieuecotho i/o: oeaeua
oooee e ii?oeeiiiua eonee.

Iniiaiui niiniaii ?uao aea?yo ia neiai?iaeao eee i?ioeaiyo. AEe?
?acia?aaatho, oeeaaeuaatho i/o, aea?yo nia/aea n iaeiie noi?iiu, a caoai
n ae?oaie. Aeey aeiaaaeaiey aei aioiaiinoe noaayo a aea?i/iue oeao ia
5-10 iei.

Caaiuey inao?iauo ?ua, iinuiatho nieueth e oeeaaeuaatho ia niacaiiua
aee?ii i?ioeaie eiaeae aiec. Iiaa?oiinoue eoneia niacuaatho niaoaiie.
AEa?yo i?e t 160-170 N a oa/aiea 30-40 iei, ia?eiaee/anee iieeaay
auoaieeaathueiny aee?ii. Aioiaia caaii ia?acatho ia ii?oeeiiiua eonee.

Ia aa?ie? iiaeatho aea?aiue ea?oioaeue eee ioaa?iie, oaeaea
aeiiieieoaeueiui aa?ie?ii neoaeao nieaiua iao?oeu, iiieaei?u. Iiaeii
ioioneaoue n nionaie: e?aniui oiiaoiui n iaiuaie, ni niaoaiiui nionii.

Aethaea ec caia/aiiie ?uau.

?uao caiaeatho iiae nionii eee aac iaai. Aeey yoiai aa ca/euatho,
iinuiatho nieueth, ia?oeai e caiaeatho a aea?i/iuo oeaoao. *aua
caiaeatho ?uao iiae nionaie. Ii?oeeiiiua neiai?iaeu niacuaatho aee?ii,
iaeeaatho iaiiiai niona, oeeaaeuaatho aa?ie?, iiaeaioiaeaiioth ?uao,
caeeaatho nionii, iinuiatho oa?oui nu?ii, na?ucaeaatho ianeii e
caiaeatho i?e t 250-280 N . Iiae nionaie caiaeatho ?uao, ia?acaiioth
ii?oeeiiiuie eoneaie, ec oeea aac ?aaa?iuo einoae. Iiaeii caiaeaoue ?uao
nu?ie, i?eiouaiiie eee aea?aiie. Nu?oth caiaeatho iiae nionii aaeui n
ioaa?iui ea?oioaeai eee iaea?iiaie. AEa?aioth – n aea?aiui ea?oioaeai
eee ?annui/aoie a?a/iaaie eaoae iiae nionii niaoaiiui eee oiiaoiui n
eoeii e a?eaaie.

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao

Ioaa?iay ?uaa aeieaeia ioaa/aoue neaaeothuei o?aaiaaieyi: eonee ?uau
oeaeua, oi?ioi nio?aieaoea oi?io. Inao?iaay ?uaa iiaeao auoue n eiaeae e
aac, ii ca/euaiiie io o?yuae.

I?eiouaiiay ?uaa ?acaeaeaia ia oeea aac ?aaa?iuo einoae e eiaee. Eonee
aeieaeiu auoue ia?acaa?eaoeieny, oi?ioi nio?aieaoeie oi?io.

AEa?aiay ?uaa. Oi?ia oeaeie ?uau, ii?oeeiiiua eonee oi?ioi nio?aiaiu, a
iyni ia ioaeaeyaony io einoae. ?uaa iiaeaea?aia n iaaeo noi?ii; oeaao
ei?i/ee naaoei- ei?e/iaaue.

Caia/aiiay ?uaa. Ia iiaa?oiinoe aa aeieaeia auoue oiieay aeyioeaaay
?oiyiay ei?i/ea. Nion ia aeieaeai auoue auniooei. Ia aeiioneaaony
iaee/ea einoae.

2.3. I?eaioiaeaiea oieiaeiuo aethae e caeonie

Aooa?a?iaeu

Ioe?uoua aooa?a?iaeu. Aioiayo ia eiioeeao oeaaa, niacaiiiai ianeii e
ianeyiuie nianyie. AEe?iua i?iaeoeou oeeaaeuaatho ia eiioeee ?aeaiiai
oeaaa. Ia ioaie/iii – eiathueie ino?ue eee neaaiau?aaeaiiue aeon.
Aooa?a?iaeu anni?oe aioiayo n ianeieueeeie aeaeaie i?iaeoeoia.

Cae?uoua aooa?a?iaeu. Eniieuecotho ai?iaeneea e oeieueiua aoei/ee,
eioi?ua ?ac?acatho aaeieue ia aeaa iieiaeiu oae, /oiau ia ?aniaeenue.
Oi?iiaie ioaie/iue oeaa e aaoiiu ia?acatho ia iieinee oe?eiie 5-6 ni e
oieueiie 0,5 ni, niacuaatho eo ianeii, ia iaeio iieineo eeaaeoo eiioeee
oiiei ia?acaiiuo i?iaeoeoia, cae?uaatho aoi?ie iieineie oeaaa,
niacaiiiai ianeii, e ia?acatho iiia?ae ia ii?oeee.

Aooa?a?iaeu caeoni/iua. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey eaiaia n ioaie/iiai oeaaa
n?acatho ei?ee, ia?acatho iieineaie oieueiie 0,5 ni e oe?eiie 5-6 ni,
iiaenooeaatho e ia?acatho ?iiaeeaie, o?aoaieueieeaie e ae?. Iiaeii
auiaeaoue ec neiaiiai e ae?oaeo aeaeia oanoa.

E?ooiiu niacuaatho ianeii, oeeaaeuaatho iniiaiua i?iaeoeou e
ioeaaeaeatho.

Naeaou e aeiaa?aou

Naeaou i?eaioiaeytho ec nu?uo iaiuae e o?oeoia, ec aa?aiuo, ec eaaoaiuo
e ia?eiiaaiiuo iaiuae e a?eaia, ec ?uau, iyna, ioeoeu e aee/e.

Aeiaa?aou aioiayo ec aa?aiuo naaeeu, ea?oioaey, ii?eiae, nieaiuo
iao?oeia, eoea. Oaeaea iiaeii aeiaaaeyoue a?eau, ?uao, iyni.

Cai?aaeytho naeaou niaoaiie, naeaoiie cai?aaeie, iaeiiacii, a aeiaa?aou
– naeaoiie cai?aaeie eee ?anoeoaeueiui ianeii.

Naeaou ec iaiuae e caeaie eniieuecotho eae naiinoiyoaeueiia aethaei e
eae aa?ie? e ?acee/iui iyniui e ?uaiui oieiaeiui aethaeai.

Iaiue, caeaiue e a?eau ia?aaaouaatho oae aea, eae e aeey noiia e aoi?uo
aethae.

Ea?oioaeue, naaeeo, ii?eiaue aa?yo a eiaeeoea, ioeaaeaeatho e i/euatho.

Niaoeaatho e cai?aaeytho naeaou ia?aae iiaea/ae.

Naeaou ec nu?uo iaiuae. Aioiayo ec eenoiauo iaiuae, caeaiiai eoea,
?aaeena, ?aaeueee, iiieaei?ia e iao?oeia, aaeiei/aiiie eaionou e
ii?eiae.

Iaiue ia?acatho iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia?aae ecaioiaeaieai naeaoia.

Naeaou ec iyna, ioeoeu, aee/e e ?uau. Aioiayo neaaeothuei ia?acii:
niaoeaatho ioaa?iie ea?oioaeue e i/euaiiua naaaeea e nieaiua iao?oeu,
ia?acaiiua eoaeeaie, aeiaaaeytho ia?acaiiia aa?aiia iyni, iyeioue ioeoeu
eee aee/e, cai?aaeytho ana nionii iaeiiac e ia?aiaoeaatho.

Naeaou oeeaaeuaatho a aacu eee naeaoieee e naa?oo eeaaeoo eiioeee oao
i?iaeoeoia, n eioi?uie aioiaeony naeao, e aa?aiiai yeoea. Oae aea
aioiayo ec ii?ai?iaeoeoia, oe?aoatho eenoueyie naeaoa, iiieaei?aie,
iao?oeaie.

Caeonee ec iaiuae e a?eaia

Oa?oe?iaaiiua iiieaei?u. Iaiieiyo ?acee/iuie oa?oaie: naeaoii ec
caeaiiai eoea, a?eaiui eee ye/iui, iyniui eee ?uaiui naeaoii.

Aeey a?eaiiai oa?oa nieaiua eee ia?eiiaaiiua a?eau oeieotho, niaaeeiytho
n caeaiui eoeii, iyeioueth iiieaei?ia. sseoea aa?yo ae?oooth, ?oayo,
aeiaaaeytho oeieiaaiiue caeaiue eee ?ai/aoue eoe e iyeioue iiieaei?ia.

Iiaeaioiaeaiiua iiieaei?u iinuiatho nieueth, ia?oeai, iaiieiytho oa?oai,
iieeaatho iaeiiacii eee niaoaiie e iinuiatho caeaiueth.

Aethaea e caeonee ec ?uau

Naeueaeue n aa?ie?ii. Iiaeatho ia naeaaei/ieoeao. Ia ieo eeaaeoo
ia?acaiiue ea?oioaeue, iieeaatho aai ?anoeoaeueiui ianeii eee cai?aaeie,
oeeaaeuaatho eiioeee naeueaee, a naieo – aa?ie? ec nieaiuo iao?oeia,
ioaa?iie ii?eiae e o. ae. Aethaei oe?aoatho caeaiueth, ?ai/aoui eoeii,
ia?acaiiui eieueoeaie, e iieeaatho ianeii.

?uaa ioaa?iay n aa?ie?ii. Ia aethaei eeaaeoo eonee ioaa?iie ?uau aac
o?yuae e einoae. Naieo ?aniieaaatho ai?eaie aa?ie? ec nieaiuo iao?oeia,
ioaa?iuo iaiuae, iieeouo cai?aaeie eee iaeiiacii, caeaiue eoe, oe?aoatho
aethaei aaoi/eie iao?ooee. Ioaeaeueii iiaeatho nion o?ai n oenonii eee
iaeiiacii.

?uaa oa?oe?iaaiiay caeeaiay. A nioaeiee eeaaeoo ii?eiaue, iao?ooeo,
naaeeo, ?ai/aoue eoe, eiaeo e einoe ?uau, ia?aoe, nieue, caeeaatho
aiaeie e aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey. Caoai eeaaeoo iiaeaioiaeaiioth
oa?oe?iaaiioth ?uao e i?eioneatho 1,5 – 2 /. Aioiaoth ?uao ioeaaeaeatho,
caoai ?uao ia?acatho ia ii?oeeiiiua eonee e caeeaatho aeaea. Aeey
i?eaioiaeaiey aeaea eniieuecotho ?uaiue aoeueii, eioi?ue aa?yo ec ?uaiuo
iooiaeia. N ?uaiiai aoeueiia nieiatho aee?, i?ioeaaeeaatho, aeiaaaeytho
caii/aiiue aeaeaoei e iaaeeaiii iaa?aaatho i?e iiiaoeaaiee. Caoai
aoeueii inaaoeytho, a iaai aeiaaaeytho ?aciaoaiiua ye/iua aaeee,
ia?aiaoeaatho, iaa?aaatho aei eeiaiey. Inaaoeaiiue aoeueii
i?ioeaaeeaatho.

Iiaeatho ?uao caeeaioth ni naaaeeie iao?oeaie, iiieaei?aie e nionii
o?aiii.

Oieiaeiua aethaea ec iyna, n/o ioeoeu e aee/e

Ioaa?iie ycue, ia ioeaaeaeay, iia?oaeatho a oieiaeioth aiaeo e i/euatho
io eiaee. Caoai ioeaaeaeatho, ia?acatho ia ii?oeee e ioioneatho n
iaiuaie aa?ie?aie, caeaiui ai?ioeii. Ioaeaeueii iiaeatho nion o?ai.

E?oiioth ioeoeo aea?yo oeaeeeii a aea?i/iii oeaoo, ia?eiaee/anee iieeaay
auaeaeeaoeiny aee?ii e nieii. Caoai ioeaaeaeatho e ia?oaatho ia ii?oeee.

sscue caeeaiie. Ioaa?iie ycue ia?acatho ii 1-2 eonea ia ii?oeeth, ia
i?ioeaaiue iaeeaatho oiieee neie aeaea, eioi?ue aioiayo oaeaea eae ec
?uau, ii ec iyniuo i?iaeoeoia. Eiaaea aeaea canouioo, eeaaeoo ycue,
eaaeaeue eoni/ae oe?aoatho caeaiueth, ioaa?iuie iaiuaie e caeeaatho
aeaea. Eiaaea aeaea canouiao, eaaeaeue eonie au?acatho. Ia?aeeaaeuaatho
ia oa?aeeo e aa?ie?otho nieaiuie iaiuaie. Ioaeaeueii iiaeatho nion o?ai
n oenonii.

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao

Aooa?a?iaeu – oeaa ia /a?noaue, i?iaeoeou aeeo?aoii ia?acaiu, ca/euaiu.

Naeaou iaiuiua – ia aeiioneaaony iaee/ea iiaeaeoaaoeo eenoueaa, oeaao
caeaiue; o naaaeae eaionou ia aeiioneaaony caeaiua eenouey, o eaaoaiie –
ineeeceua e e?oiiua /anoeoeu ei/a?uaeee.

Aa?aiua iaiue a naeaoao iyaeea, oi?ioi ca/euaiu, aac iioaiiaiee.

Ana oieiaeiua caeonee aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue aeaiiiio aeaeo ecaeaeey.
Ia aeiioneaaony ieeaeea i?eciaee ii?/e, eciaiaiea oeaaoa e caiaoa

2.2.5 I?eaioiaeaiea ai?y/eo caeonie

Ai?y/ea caeonee ioee/athony io ai?y/eo aoi?uo aethae iaiueoae iannie,
aieaa ino?ui aeonii e iiaeatho iau/ii aac aa?ie?a a ii?oeeiiiuo
neiai?iaeao, eieioieoeao, e?iioaeyo.

AEoeueai n ycueii . sscue ioaa?eaatho, i/euatho, ia?acatho nieiieie.
Oeeaaeuaatho a eieioieoeu, caeeaatho niaoaiiui nionii, iinuiatho oa?oui
nu?ii e caiaeatho a aea?i/iii oeaoo, aei ia?aciaaiey ei?i/ee.

A?eau a niaoaia. Aaeua a?eau eee oaiieiueiiu iaaea?eaatho n ianeii,
eeaaeoo a eieioieoeu, caeeaatho nionii niaoaiiui, aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey
e iiaeatho, iinuiaa caeaiueth.

Oaooaee a niona. Oaooaee iaaea?eaatho, eeaaeoo a ii?oeeiiiua neiai?iaeu,
caeeaatho nionii e?aniui n iaiuaie, aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey e ia?aae
ioioneii iinuiatho oeieiaaiiie caeaiueth.

2.4 I?eaioiaeaiea oieiaeiuo neaaeeeo aethae e iaieoeia

Naaaeea o?oeou e yaiaeu.

ssaiaeu ia?aae?atho, oaeaeytho ieiaeiiiaeeo, enii?/aiiua yecaiiey?u e
i?iiuaatho a i?ioi/iie aiaea. A?aocu e aeuie iaiuaatho e ?aaeoo ia
eonee.

Naaaeea yaiaeu iiaeatho ia aeana?oiuo oa?aeeao eee aaci/eao. Ioaeaeueii
naoa?ioth ioae?o a ?icaoeao .

ssaeiee, a?ooe, ia?neee, aeiia?aae e ae?. iiaeatho ia aeana?oiuo
oa?aeeao eee a aaci/ea.

O?oeou e yaiaeu, caii?iaeaiiua aac naoa?a, ?acii?aaeeaatho 10-15 iei ia
aicaeooa e i?iiuaatho, caoai ?aneeaaeuaatho a e?aiaiee eee aaci/ee,
caeeaatho oaieui naoa?iui ne?iiii, aeatho ianoiyoueny 30 iei e iiaeatho.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey ne?iia naoa? ?anoai?ytho a ai?y/ae aiaea,
i?ioeaaeeaatho, eeiyoyo 5-10 iei, aeiaaaeytho eeiiiioth eeneioo, e
ioeaaeaeatho.

Eiiiiou

Ec naaaeeo o?oeoia e yaiae. ssaeiee, a?ooo i/euatho io eiaeeoeu e
oaeaeytho naiaiiua aiacaea. Eiaeeoeo e na?aeoeaaeio caeeaatho aiaeie,
aa?yo, ioaa? i?ioeaaeeaatho e, ?anoai?ytho a iai naoa?, aioiayo ne?ii.
Caoai ne?ii iiaeeeneytho eeiiiiie eeneioie e aa?yo a iai yaeiee e a?ooe,
ia?acaiiua aeieueeaie.

Ec nooio?oeoia. Ia?aae?atho, ioaeaeytho yaeiee e a?ooe e iitho. Aia/aea
caeeaatho ai?y/ae aiaeie yaeiee e a?ooe, aaiaeyo naoa?, aeiaiaeyo aei
eeiaiey, aa?yo aei iyaeinoe o?oeoia, a caoai aeiaaaeytho aa?eeinu, ecthi
e /a?iineea.

I?eaioiaeaiea eenaeae.

Ne?iiu aeey eenaeae aioiayo ?acee/iuie niiniaaie:

ni/iua yaiaeu e o?oeou i?iiuaatho, eeaaeoo a iinoaeo e ?acieiatho. Caoai
ioaeeiatho nie, iieo/aiiue nie o?aiyo ia oieiaea. Inoaaoothny iacao
caeeaatho aiaeie, eeiyoyo, ioaa? i?ioeaaeeaatho. A ioaa? eeaaeoo naoa?,
?anoai?ytho aai e aeiaiaeyo ne?ii aei eeiaiey;

iaeini/iua ieiaeu e yaiaeu aa?yo n iaaieueoei eiee/anoaii aiaeu,
i?ioe?atho e aeiaaaeytho naoa?;

iieiei eeiyoyo e aeiaaaeytho naoa?.

E?aoiae ?acaiaeyo iaaieueoei eiee/anoaii aiaeu eee ioeiaeaeaiiiai ioaa?a
(1:5), oi?ioi ia?aiaoeaatho e i?ioeaaeeaatho, aeeaatho a eeiyuee ne?ii
e, auno?i iiiaoeaay, caaa?eaatho. Aioiaue eenaeue ioeaaeaeatho.

Eenaee aioiayo o?ao eiinenoaioeee: aeeaeeea, n?aaeiae aonoiou e aonoua.

AEaea.

Ne?iiu aeey aeaea aioiayo oae aea, eae e aeey eenaeae. AEaeaoei eee aaa?
caia/eaatho a aieueoii eiee/anoaa aiaeu. Iinea iaaooaiey eceeoae aiaeu
neeaatho, a aeaeaoei eee aaa? aeiaaaeytho a ne?ii, ?anoai?yy eo i?e
iaa?aaaiee. Iieo/aiiue ?anoai? ?aceeaatho a oi?ii/ee e ioeaaeaeatho aei
caaonoaiey.

Ionnu.

Aeey ionnia aioiayo ne?ii oae aea, eae aeey eenaeae e aeaea. A iai
?anoai?ytho caii/aiiue aeaeaoei eee aaa?ieae. Nianue ioeaaeaeatho e
oi?ioi acaeaatho. Iiaeii aioiaeoue n iaiiie e?oiie. Aeey yoiai iaiioth
e?oio i?inaeaatho, anuiatho a eeiyuee ne?ii, iai?a?uaii iiiaoeaay, e
aa?yo 15-20 iei. Caoai ne?ii ioeaaeaeatho e acaeaatho.

Ii?iaeaiia.

Ii?iaeaiia n ia?neeaie. A e?aiaieo eeaaeoo eiioee aeneaeoa, ia iaai –
ii?iaeaiia, naa?oo oeeaaeuaatho iieiaeieo eiina?ae?iaaiiiai ia?neea,
iieeaay caieyie/iui nionii e iinuiatho ?oaeaiui ieiaeaeai.

Ii?iaeaiia n i?aoaie e oieieaaeii. A e?aiaieo iaeeaatho /anoue niona
oieieaaeiiai, ia iaai eeaaeoo iieiaeio ii?oeee ii?iaeaiiai, iieeaatho
nionii, eeaaeoo inoaeueiia ii?iaeaiia, caeeaatho nionii e iinuiatho
oie/aiuie i?aoaie.

2.2.6 I?eaioiaeaiea ai?y/eo neaaeeeo aethae e iaieoeia

ssaeiee, aea?aiiua a oanoa. ssaeiee i/euatho io eiaeeoeu, oaeaeytho o
ieo na?aeoeaaeio, ?aaeoo e?oaei/eaie e iinuiatho naoa?ii.
I?eaioaaeeaatho eey?, e?oaei/ee yaeie iaiaeeaatho a oanoa e aea?yo eo ai
o?eoth?a. Aioiaia ecaeaeea iinuiatho naoa?iie ioae?ie, ioaeaeueii
iiaeatho o?oeoiaue nion.

Caiaeaiee. Aioiayo ec ayceeo eao, naa?aiiuo n naoa?ii ia iieiea eee
aiaea. A ieo aeiaaaeytho nu?ua yeoea, ?anoa?oua n naoa?ii. A
iiaeaioiaeaiioth ianno aaiaeyo aaieeei, ecthi, oai?ia. Auiaeatho e
ioioneatho, eae ioaeeiae.

Ai?y/ea iaieoee.

*ae. Caaa?eaatho /ae a ea?aie/aneeo /aeieeao. Eo i?ia?aaatho,
iiieaneeaay eeiyoeii, caoai aunuiatho nooie /ae e iaeeaatho eeiyoie.
Iae?ua /aeiee naeoaoeie, /ae inoaaeytho aeey ianoaeaaiey ia 5-10 iei.
Iinea aeinoaeaaiey aeieeaatho eeiyoie aei ii?iu.

Eioa. iiaeatho a eioaeieeao eee /aoeao n naoa?ii, n eeiiiii. Aeey
i?eaioiaeaiey eioa n iieieii aa?yo eiioeaio?e?iaaiiue eioa,
i?ioeaaeeaatho, aeiaaaeytho ai?y/aa iieiei, eeaaeoo naoa?, aeiaiaeyo aei
eeiaiey e iiaeatho a /aoeao.

Eaeai. Ii?ioie eaeai niaoeaatho n naoa?iui ianeii, aeiaaaeytho iaiiiai
eeiyoea, oi?ioi ?anoe?atho, iai?a?uaii iiiaoeaay, aeeaatho ai?y/aa
iieiei e aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey. Ioioneatho a /aoeao .

2.2.3 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae ec iyna, ioeoeu, ia?iaoie aee/e e e?ieeea

Aethaea ec ioaa?iiai iyna.

Aoi?ua ai?y/ea aethaea i?eaioaaeeaatho ec anao aeaeia iyna, ycueia,
ii/ae, ia/aie e ae?oaeo noai?iaeoeoia, eii/aiie a?oaeeiee eee ei?aeee,
aao/eiu, eieaaniuo ecaeaeee.

Iyni ia?acatho ia eonee iannie ia aieaa 2 ea. Iiaeaioiaeaiiia iyni
caeeaaeuaatho a eeiyuoth aiaeo e , eiaaea aiaea aiiaue caeeieo,
i?iaeieaeatho aa?eoue i?e i/aiue neaaii eeiaiee. Ca 30 iei aei
aioiaiinoe eeaaeoo ?ai/aoue eoe, iao?ooeo, ii?eiaue, a ca 10-15 iei –
niaoeee.

A n?aaeiai a?aiy aa?ee ninoaaeyao:

aiayaeeia – 2 / – 2 / 45 iei;

aa?aieia – 1,5 / – 2 /;

naeieia – 1 / 45 iei – 2 /;

oaeyoeia – 1 / 20 iei – 1 / 45 iei.

Aioiaiinoue ii?aaeaeyaony i?ieieii iiaa?neie eaeie , ec i?ieiea aeieaeai
auaeaeyoueny i?ic?a/iue nie.

O?aiyo iyni a cae?uoie iinoaea n iaaieueoei eiee/anoaii aoeueiia. Ii
ia?a ni?ina iyni ia?acatho iiia?ae aieieii ia eonee, oeeaaeuaatho a
iinoaeo, caeeaatho aoeueiiii e aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey.

sscuee, iiaeaioiaeaiiua aeey aa?ee, eeaaeoo a iinoaeo, aeiaaaeytho
ei?aiuey, ?ai/aoue eoe, nieue e caeeaatho eeiyuae aiaeie. Aa?yo i?e
neaaii eeiaiee aei aioiaiinoe. Aa?aiua ai?y/ea ycuee iioneatho a
oieiaeioth aiaeo ia 5 iei e i/euatho. Ia?acatho ia ii?oeee ii 2-4
eoni/ea, caeeaatho aoeueiiii e aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey.

Aethaea ec i?eiouaiiiai iyna.

Aeii nioaeieea niacuaatho ianeii, oeeaaeuaatho i/o e caeeaatho aoeueiiii
oae, /oiau ii iie?uaae eo ia 2/3 auniou, cae?uaatho nioaeiee e?uoeie e
i?eioneatho. Aeey a?iiaoa a aoeueii eeaaeoo aaeua ei?aiuey, oaiieiueiiu.

Aethaea ec aea?aiiai iyna.

AEa?aiiia e?oiiuie eoneaie. Iyni iaoe?atho nieueth, ia?oeai e ia
neiai?iaeao iaaea?eaatho ni anao noi?ii aei ia?aciaaiey ?oiyiie ei?i/ee.
Caoai noaayo a aea?i/iue oeao n t 160-175 N e aeiaiaeyo aei aioiaiinoe,
e iieeaatho auaeaeeaoeiny i?e aea?ea nieii e aee?ii.

O?aiyo ia i?ioeaiyo e ii ia?a ni?ina ia?acatho iiia?ae aieieai.

AEa?aiiua ii?oeeiiiuie eoneaie. Iyni aea?yo ii?oeeiiiuie iaoo?aeueiuie e
iaie?iaaiiuie eoneaie. Iaoo?aeueiia iyni aea?yo ia neiai?iaeao,
iaeeaatho aee?, ?acia?aaatho aai e eeaaeoo iinieaiiua eonee iyna.
Iaaea?eaatho n aeaoo noi?ii aei ia?aciaaiey ei?i/ee e aeiaiaeyo aei
aioiaiinoe, oiaiueoea iaa?aa. Iaie?iaaiiua ecaeaeey oaeaea aioiayo e
aeiaiaeyo aei aioiaiinoe a aea?i/iii oeaoo.

I?e ioionea iieeaatho neeai/iui ianeii eee iiaeatho n nionaie.

AEa?aiiia iaeeeie eoneaie. Iiaeaea?ea. Iyni aiayaeeiu eee naeieiu 1-ai
ni?oa, ia?acaiiia eoni/eaie iannie 10-15 a, aea?yo ia neiai?iaea aei
iieiie aioiaiinoe, caoai aeiaaaeytho oeieiaaiiue ianne?iaaiiue ?ai/aoue
eoe, oiiaoiia ith?a e aea?yo aua 2-3 iei. Iiaeatho iiaeaea?eo n
?annui/aouie eaoaie, aea?aiui ea?oioaeai.

Aethaea ec oooaiiai iyna.

Oooaiia e?oiiuie eoneaie. Iyni oooaiia. Aiayaeeio, aa?aieio eee naeieio
oooao e?oiiuie eoneaie iannie aei 2 ea. Iiaeaioiaeaiiia iyni
iaaea?eaatho ni anao noi?ii, caoai iyni eeaaeoo a nioaeiee, iaeeaatho
noieueei aoeueiia, /oiau auei iie?uoi aei iieiaeiu auniou, e oooao. A
i?ioeanna oooaiey aeiaaaeytho ii?eiaue, ?ai/aoue eoe, aaeua ei?aiuey e
oiiaoiia ith?a.

Aioiaia iyni ia?acatho ia ii?oeeth ii 1-2 eonea iiia?ae aieieii.
Iiaeatho n ioaa?iuie iaea?iiaie, ea?oioaeueiui ith?a, ?annui/aouie
eaoaie.Iyni iieeaatho nionii, a aa?ie? oeeaaeuaatho naieo.

Oooaiiia ii?oeeiiiuie eoneaie. C?acu ioaeaiua. Iiaeaioiaeaiiua c?acu
iaaea?eaatho e oooao a aoeueiia n oiiaoiui ith?a a oa/aiea 45-50 iei.
Caoai c?acu auieiatho, ia aoeueiia aioiayo e?aniue nion, eeaaeoo a iaai
c?acu, aeiaaaeytho i?yiinoe e oooao aua 30-40 iei. Ioioneatho n
a?a/iaaie eaoae, ea?oioaeueiui ith?a. Ia oa?aeeo eeaaeoo c?acu ii 2oo ia
ii?oeeth, iieeaatho nionii e ?yaeii aa?ie?.

Oooaiia iaeeeie eoneaie. Aoeyo. Eoni/ee iyna iaaea?eaatho aei
ia?aciaaiey iiaeaea?enoie ei?i/ee, eeaaeoo a nioaeiee, caeeaatho ai?y/ei
aoeueiiii, aeiaaaeytho ianne?iaaiiia oiiaoiia ith?a e oooao ii/oe aei
aioiaiinoe. Aoeueii neeaatho, cai?aaeytho e?aniie io/iie ianne?iaeie,
aeiaaaeytho ianne?iaaiiue eoe, ia?aoe, nieue, eaa?iaue eeno. Yoei nionii
caeeaatho iyni e niiaa oooao 10-15 iei.

Ia aa?ie? iiaeatho ioaa?iua iaiue, ?annui/aoua eaoe, ea?oioaeueiia
ith?a.

Aethaea ec caia/aiiiai iyna.

Aiayaeeia, caia/aiiay iiae eoeiaui nionii. Ia ii?oeeiiioth neiai?iaeo
iaeeaatho iaiiiai eoeiaiai niona, eeaaeoo iaeei eee aeaa eiioeea oooaiie
aiayaeeiu. Aie?oa iyna oeeaaeuaatho ai?aeth? ec aea?aiiai e?oaei/eaie
ea?oioaey. Iyni iieeaatho nionii eoeiaui, iinuiatho oa?oui nu?ii,
iieeaatho ianeii e caiaeatho a aea?i/iii oeaoo 10-15 iei i?e t 250-260
N.

Aethaea ec ?oaeaiiai iyna. Eniieuecotho aeaa aeaea ?oaee – aac
iaiieieoaeae e n iaiieieoaeyie (oeaaii).

Oieoeaeue ?oaeaiue iaoo?aeueiue. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey aethaea
eniieuecoaony iaoo?aeueiay ?oaea ec naeieiu e oaeyoeiu. I/o iaie?otho,
aea?yo n aee?ii e aeiaiaeyo aei aioiaiinoe a aea?i/iii oeaoo. Ia aa?ie?
iiaeatho ea?oioaeue aea?aiiue, iiieaei?u, caeaiue ai?ioae eee neiaeiue
aa?ie?, a oieoeaeue ec oaeyoeiu – i?eiouaiiue ?en eee iaiue a iiei/iii
niona. I?e iiaea/a oieoeaeue iieeaatho ianeii.

Eioeaou iyniua, caia/aiiua a iiei/iii niona. Ec eioeaoiie iannu oi?iotho
eioeaou e, ia iaie?oy, oeeaaeuaatho ia niacaiiue aee?ii i?ioeaaiue. A
na?aaeeia eioeaou ii anae aeeeia aeaeatho oaeoaeaiea, eioi?ia caiieiytho
iiei/iui nionii, iinuiatho oa?oui nu?ii, na?ucaeaatho ianeii e caiaeatho
a aea?i/iii oeaoo. Ioioneatho eioeaou ia iaaeueiii aethaea, ?yaeii
eeaaeoo aa?ie? iaiue a iiei/iii niona, oe?aoatho caeaiueth.

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao

Aa?aiia iyni – aeieaeii auoue ia?acaii oiieeie eoni/eaie iiia?ae
aieieii. Iiaa?oiinoue ia aeieaeia auoue caaao?aia. Oeaao – io aaeiai aei
na?iai. Iyni iyaeia, n a?iiaoii, naienoaaiiui aa?aiiio iyno.

AEa?aiua iaoo?aeueiua ecaeaeey – e?oiiua eonee aiayaeeiu e aa?aieiu
iiaoo auoue neaai, n?aaeia e oi?ioi i?iaea?aiu, a naeieiu e oaeyoeiu –
iaycaoaeueii i?iaea?aiu. Oeaao neaaii?aaea?aiiiai – io ?iciaiai aei
na?iai, a oi?ioi i?iaea?aiiiai – io na?iai aei ei?e/iaaiai. Ecaeaeey
aeieaeiu auoue ni/iuie, iyaeeie.

AEa?aiua iaie?iaaiiua ecaeaeey ?aaiiia?ii iie?uou iaie?iaeie, ei?i/ea io
naaoei-aeaeoiai aei naaoei-ei?e/iaaiai oeaaoa.

Oooaiia iyni – iyaeia, ni/iia. E?oiiua eonee ia?acaiu iiia?ae aieieii.

Caia/aiiia iyni iiae nionii aeieaeii auoue ni/iui. Ia iiaa?oiinoe
aethaea aeyioeaaay, oiieay ei?i/ea.

Aethaea ec ioaa?iie e i?eiouaiiie ioeoeu, aee/e e e?ieeea.

Cai?aaeaiiua oeaeua oooe ioeoeu eeaaeoo a ai?y/oth aiaeo, aeiaiaeyo aei
eeiaiey, oiaiueoatho iaa?aa, oaeaeytho iaio, aeiaaaeytho ei?aiuey,
?ai/aoue eoe, nieue e aa?yo. Aioiaiinoue ii?aaeaeytho i?ieieii, ec
i?ieiea aeieaeai auoaeaoue i?ic?a/iue nie. A?aiy aa?ee oeuieyo 20-30
iei, iieiaeuo eo? – 50-60 iei, noa?uo – 2-3 /, aonae – 1-2 /, aee/e –
20-30 iei.

Ii ia?a ni?ina ioeoeo ia?oaatho ii aeaa eoni/ea ia ii?oeeth e
i?ia?aaatho a aoeueiia.

I?eioneatho ecaeaeey ec eioeaoiie e eiaeueiie iannu, oeea eo? eee aee/e,
e oeuieyo. Ecaeaeey eee oeea oeeaaeuaatho a iaeei ?yae ia aeii
nioaeieea, niacaiiia ianeii, caeeaatho aoeueiiii ia 1/3 eo auniou,
cae?uaatho nioaeiee e?uoeie e i?eioneatho ia neaaii iaia.

Ioaa?ioth e i?eiouaiioth ioeoeo e e?ieeea ioioneatho n aaeuie nionaie e
aa?ie?aie ec ioaa?iiai ?ena, i?eiouaiiuo e aa?aiuo iaiuae.

AEa?aiua ioeoea, aee/ue e e?ieee.

Ioeoeo e e?ieeeia aea?yo oeaeuie oooeaie e ii?oeeiiiuie eoneaie.

Oeaeua oooee iaoe?atho nieueth e niacuaatho niaoaiie. Cai?aaeaiiua oooee
oeeaaeuaatho nieieie aiec ia i?ioeaie n ?acia?aoui aee?ii e iaaea?eaatho
aei ia?aciaaiey ei?i/ee. Iaaea?aiiua oooee noaayo ia 15-20 iei a
aea?i/iue oeao aeey aeiaaaeaiey aei aioiaiinoe.

Noa?uo ooie, aonae ia?aae aea?eie ?aeiiaiaeoaony ioaa?eoue aei
iieoaioiaiinoe.

Ia ii?oeee ioeoeo e e?ieeea ?oayo ia?aae iiaea/ae.

Iniiaiui aa?ie?ii e aea?aiie ioeoea e aee/e yaeyaony ea?oioaeue
aea?aiue, aeiiieieoaeueii caeaiua naeaou, nieaiua iaiue.

Aethaea ec oooaiie ioeoeu, aee/e e e?ieeea.

Aonue, ooea ii-aeiiaoiaio. Iiaeaioiaeaiiua oooee ?oayo ia eonee,
iaaea?eaatho,

caeeaaeuaatho a ai?oi/ee, aeiaaaeytho nu?ie ea?oioaeue, ia?acaiiue
aeieueeaie, ianne?iaaiiue oeieiaaiiue ?ai/aoue eoe, eaa?iaue eeno,
ia?aoe, nieue, caeeaatho aoeueiiii oae, /oiau i?iaeoeo aue iie?uo
iieiinoueth, e oooao a aea?i/iii oeaoo aei aioiaiinoe. Ioioneatho
aethaei a ai?oi/eao.

Aethaea ec ?oaeaiie ioeoeu, aee/e e e?ieeea.

Aeoi/ee ?oaeaiua oa?oe?iaaiiua. Eioeaoioth ianno ii?oeeiie?otho,
i?eaeatho ae oi?io e?oaei/eia, ia na?aaeeio eeaaeoo iaeei ?oaeaiua
aa?aiua a?eau, e?ay e?oaei/eia niaaeeiytho, iaie?otho, oi?iotho a aeaea
aeoi/eia e aea?yo. Ioioneatho, iieea ianeii, n aa?ie?ii ec ea?oioaey a
iieiea, aea?aiiai eee ni neiaeiui aa?ie?ii.

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao

Eaaeaeay ii?oeey aeieaeia ninoiyoue ec /anoe iiaeee. Aeiioneathony, ii
n/eoathony aeaoaeoii iaae?uau eiaee, ia?aaiiia?iia iaaea?eaaiea. Ia
aioo?aiiae /anoe oooee ia aeieaeii auoue naonoeia e?iae e i?aaiia. Eiaea
aeieaeia auoue /enoie, aac inoaoeia ia?a.

2.2.4 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae ec yeoe e oai?iaa

Aethaea ec aa?aiuo yeoe.

I?e aa?ea a nei?eoia iiaeaioiaeaiiua yeoea iia?oaeatho a iiaenieaioth
aiaeo e aa?yo aniyoeo 3-3,5 iei n iiiaioa caeeiaiey, «a iaoi/ae» – 4-4,5
, ae?oooth – 8-10 iei. Naa?aiiua yeoea iia?oaeatho a oieiaeioth aiaeo
aeey iaeaa/aiey i/enee.

O yeoe, naa?aiiuo aniyoeo, aaeie o nei?eoiu aeieaeai auoue iieoaeeaeeei,
a inoaeueiie aaeie e aeaeoie – aeeaeeei. Iiaeatho iai/euaiiuie.

A yeoeao, naa?aiiua «a iaoi/ea», aaeie aeieaeai eiaoue eiinenoaioeeth
iaaeiiai nooaeiy, a aeaeoie – iieoaeeaeeei. Iiaeatho iai/euaiiuie.

O yeoe, naa?aiiuo ae?oooth, aaeie aeieaeai auoue a ia?o ieioiui, a
aeaeoie ?annui/aoui, iiaeatho a nei?eoia.

sseoea n aao/eiie ia a?aieao. Ia iiaeaioiaeaiiua a?aiee eeaaeoo eiioee
aa?aiie aao/eiu eee ycuea, ia ieo – yeoei, naa?aiiia aac nei?eoiu,
ioaeaeueii iiaeatho nion e?aniue n yno?aaiiii.

sse/iay eaoea. sseoea ?acaiaeyo iieieii, nieyo, aeiaaaeytho aee? e
i?iaa?eaatho i?e aani?a?uaiii iiiaoeaaiee aei eiinenoaioeee iieoaeeaeeie
eaoe. Iiaeatho aa iaoo?aeueiie eee n aa?ie?ii ec iaiuae, iyniuo
i?iaeoeoia.

AEa?aiua aethaea ec yeoe.

sse/ieoea-aeacoiuey iaoo?aeueiay. Ia neiai?iaea ?acia?aaatho aee? e
auioneatho 1,2 eee 3 yeoea, nio?aiyy aeaeoie oeaeui, aaeie iinuiatho
nieueth e aea?yo aei oieioiaiey aaeea e eaaeiai caaonoaiey aeaeoea. I?e
iiaea/a iinuiatho oeieiaaiiie caeaiueth. Iiaeatho aa ia oao aea
ii?oeeiiiuo neiai?iaeeao.

sse/ieoea-aeacoiuey n iaiieieoaeyie. Ianne?otho oeieiaaiiue eoe, eee
iaeei ia?acaiioth eieaano eee aao/eio e o. ae, caoai auioneatho yeoea e
aea?yo ye/ieoeo.

Iaoo?aeueiue iieao. sseoea niaoeaatho n iieieii, nieyo e ouaoaeueii
?aciaoeaatho. Nianue aueeaatho ia ?acia?aoua neiai?iaeu n aee?ii e
aea?yo, eae ianna caaonoaao, iieao nai?a/eaatho n aeaoo noi?ii e
na?aaeeia.

Caia/aiiua ye/iua aethaea.

sseoea caia/aiiua. Ia ii?oeeiiioth neiai?iaeo eeaaeoo eiioee
iaaea?aiiiai n ianeii ioaie/iiai oeaaa, ia iaai – yeoei, naa?aiiia «a
iaoi/ae», iieeaatho aai ai?y/ei iiei/iui nionii , iinuiatho oa?oui
nu?ii, caiaeatho, a i?e iiaea/a iieeaatho ?anoiieaiiui ianeii.

Ai?y/ea aethaea ec oai?iaa.

Aa?aieee eaieaua. Oai?ia i?ioe?atho, aeiaaaeytho ioeo, yeoea, naoa?,
nieue e ouaoaeueii ia?aiaoeaatho. Iieo/aiiia oanoi ?aneaouaatho ieanoii
oieueiie 10-12 ii, ia?acatho iieinee, ?ac?acatho ia eonee ?iiaiaeaeiie
oi?iu. Aa?aieee aa?yo a iiaenieaiiie aiaea, ioeeaeuaatho e ioioneatho,
iieea ianeii eee niaoaiie.

Nu?ieee. A i?ioa?oue oai?ia aeiaaaeytho ioeo, yeoea, naoa?, nieue, ana
ia?aiaoeaatho, ?aneaouaatho aaoii/eeaie, ia?acatho, iaie?otho a ioeo e
oi?iotho nu?ieee a aeaea aeoi/eia. Nu?ieee iaaea?eaatho ia neiai?iaeao e
aeiaea?eaatho a aea?i/iii oeaoo.

Oai?iaeiay caiaeaiea. Oai?ia i?ioe?atho, niaoeaatho n ioeie, yeoeaie,
nieueth naoa?ii. Ianno eeaaeoo neiai ia i?ioeaaiue, niacaiiue ianeii e
iinuiaiiue nooa?yie, e auiaeatho. Aioiaoth caiaeaieo ia?acatho e
iieeaatho niaoaiie .

Ioaeeia oai?iaeiue. A ai?y/ae aiaea ?anoai?ytho aaieeei, anuiatho
iaiioth e?oio, caaa?eaatho aa e ioeaaeaeatho. Oai?ia i?ioe?atho,
aeiaaaeytho aeaeoee, ?anoa?oua n naoa?ii, caaa?aiioth iaiioth ioeo,
neeai/iia ianei, iaiieieoaee, ana ia?aiaoeaatho e niaaeeiytho ni
acaeouie aaeeaie.

Ianno eeaaeoo a oi?iu, niacaiiua ianeii e ianuiaiiua nooa?yie, e
auiaeatho.

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao

sseoea, naa?aiiua a nei?eoia -nei?eoia aeieaeia auoue /enoie e oeaeie. O
naa?aiiuo aniyoeo yeoe aa?oiee neie aaeea oieioiaiiue, a o naa?aiiuo «a
iaoi/ae» aanue aaeie oieioiai.

sse/ieoea-aeacoiuey – aeaeoie oeaeue, iieoaeeaeeee, aac iyoai; aaeie
oieioiaiiue.

Iieaou – eiinenoaioeey iaaeiay, ii?enoay, iaeia noi?iia ca?oiyiaia.

Nu?ieee – oi?ia i?aaeeueiay, iiaa?oiinoue ?oiyiay, eiinenoaioeey
iaaeiay.

Caiaeaiee – iiaa?oiinoue ?oiyiay, aac o?auei, eiinenoaioeey iaaeiay.

Ioaeeiae – ianna ii?enoay, oi?oaay, iiaa?oiinoue ?oiyiay.

2.2.7 I?eaioiaeaiea aethae e ecaeaeee ec ioee

Aeeiu e ieaaeuee

Eo aioiayo ec ae?iaeaeaaiai e aac iia?iiai oanoa, aeeaeeie eee
iieoaeeaeeie eiinenoaioeee.

A oaieii iieiea ?anoai?ytho ae?iaeaee, naoa?, nieue, yeoea, ioeo e
ia?aiaoeaatho, aaiaeyo ?anoiieaiiia ianei e aiiaue ia?aiaoeaatho. Oanoi
inoaaeytho aeey a?iaeaiey ia 2-3 / a oaieii ianoa.

Aeeiu e ieaaeuee auiaeatho n iaaeo noi?ii ia ?aneieaiuo neiai?iaeao,
niacaiiuo aee?ii. Oieueia aeeia aeieaeia auoue – 3 ii, a ieaaeee – 5-6
ii. Oanoi aeieaeii auoue aeey ieaaeee aieaa aonoie , /ai aeey aeeiia.

Ioioneatho ii 3 oo. ia ii?oeeth n ianeii, niaoaiie eee neaaeeeie
nionaie.

Eaioa

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey aeiiaoiae eaioe e i?inayiiie ioea aeiaaaeytho yeoea,
niaoaiiua n iiaenieaiiie aiaeie, e caiaoeaatho i/aiue e?ooia oanoi. Aai
oiiei ?aneaouaatho, ?aaeoo ia iieinee oe?eiie 4-5 ni. Eiaaea iiaenioioo
eo oeieotho.

2.5 I?eaioiaeaiea io/iuo, eiiaeeoa?neeo ecaeaeee

Ae?iaeaeaaia oanoi

I?eaioiaeaiea ae?iaeaeaaiai oanoa ninoieo ec neaaeothueo iia?aoeee :
iiaeaioiaea nu?uey, caian oanoa, a?iaeaiea, aeaeaiea oanoa ia eonee,
ie?oaeaiea, i?aaeaa?eoaeueiay ?anneieea, oi?iiaaiea, ieii/aoaeueiay
?anneieea, auia/ea e ioeaaeaeaiea.

Ae?iaeaeaaia oanoi aioiayo iia?iui e aaciia?iui niiniaaie.

Iii?iue niinia. Aeey iia?u aa?oo 35-60 % ioee ii ?aoeaioo?a e io 60 aei
70 % aiaeu. Ae?iaeaee ?aciaeue/atho, ?acaiaeyo a oaieie aiaea e aaiaeyo
eo a iiaeia?aooth aiaeo eee iieiei (30 N).

Nooea ae?iaeaee ?acaiaeyo oaieie aiaeie, inoaaeytho ia 1 / e
i?ioeaaeeaatho. Caoai anuiatho ioeo e caiaoeaatho iia?o. Iia?o noaayo a
oaieia ianoi e inoaaeytho aeey a?iaeaiey ia 2-3 / . Iauai aa
oaaee/eaaaony a 2-2.5 ?aca. Iia?a aioiaa, eiaaea iia ia/iao inaaeaoue.

A aioiaoth iia?o aeiaaaeytho ?anoai? niee, naoa?a, inoaaoothny ioeo,
aiaeo eee iieiei, yeoea e caiaoeaatho oanoi. A eiioea caiana aaiaeyo
?anoiieaiiia ianei eee ia?aa?ei. Caoai oanoi inoaaeytho aeey a?iaeaiey
ia 1.5-2 / . Ca yoi a?aiy aai 1-2 ?aca iaieiatho.

Aaciii?iue niinia. Caiaoeaatho oanoi n?aco ec anaai iieaaathuaai ii
?aoeaioo?a nu?uey. Aeeeoaeueiinoue a?iaeaiey 2.5-4 / .

Iiaeaioiaeaiiia oanoi aeaeyo ia eonee, ie?oaeytho, eeaaeoo ia eenou e
inoaaeytho a oaieii ianoa aeey ?anoieee ia 5-8 iei. Caoai oi?iotho
ecaeaeey.

Iaeeea ecaeaeey auiaeatho i?e t 260-280, e?oiiua, naeiaiua e ieioi
?ac?uoeaiiua i?e t 200-250 N. Aioiaua ecaeaeey ioeaaeaeatho i?e
eiiiaoiie oaiia?aoo?a.

Ec ae?iaeaeaaiai oanoa aioiayo ie?iaeee, ?annoaaae, eoeaayee, ie?iae e
ae?. ecaeaeey.

Ie?iaeee aea?aiua. Ec aaciia?iiai oanoa oi?iotho ie?iaeee a aeaea
iieoe?oaa, ?anoaeaatho e aea?yo a aee?a . Eiee/anoai oa?oa a ieo ieiei
40 %.

Ie?iaeee ia/aiua. Aioiayo ec iia?iiai oanoa. Oa?eee oanoa ?aneaouaatho a
eaiaoeo e?oaeie oi?iu, ia na?aaeeio eeaaeoo oa?o, e?ay eaiaoee
caai?a/eaatho, ieioii niaaeeiytho e i?eaeatho oi?io «eiaei/ee» eee
«iieoianyoea».

Eiee/anoai oa?oa ninoaaeyao 60-70 % iannu oanoa. Ie?iaeee oeeaaeuaatho
oaii aiec ia eenou, niacaiiua ianeii, ?anoaeaatho, niacuaatho yeoeaie e
auiaeatho 8-10 iei i?e t 200-240 N.

Ie?iae. Aac iia?iiai e aaciia?iiai oanoa auiaeatho ioe?uoua,
iieoioe?uoua e cae?uoua ie?iae. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey ioe?uoiai ie?iaa
eaiaoeo oanoa oeeaaeuaatho ia niacaiiue eeno, naa?oo eeaaeoo oa?o, e?ay
neaaea caai?a/eaatho. Iieoioe?uoue ie?ia oi?iotho oae aea, eae ioe?uoue,
ii aa?o aai iie?uaatho oiieeie iieineaie oanoa. O cae?uouo ie?iaia oa?o
iieiinoueth cae?uaatho oanoii. Iinea ?annoieee ie?iae niacuaatho yeoeii
eee ianeii e auiaeatho i?e t 240-260 N 45-60 iei .

Aeneaeoiia oanoi

*aua aioiayo oieiaeiui niiniaii. A eioae caa?oaeatho yeoea, naoa?iue
ianie e acaeaatho aia/aea i?e iaeie nei?inoe, a caoai oaaee/eaatho.
*a?ac 20-30 iei, eiaaea ianna oaaee/eony a 2-3 ?aca e naoa? ?anoai?eony,
aeiaaaeytho a?iiaoecaoi?u, anuiatho ioeo n e?aoiaeii a 2-3 i?eaia e
ia?aiaoeaatho 15-20 n.

Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey ai?y/ei niiniaii, yeoea niaaeeiytho n naoa?ii e
iai?a?uaii, acaeaay, iaa?aaatho ia aiaeyiie aaia aei t 40-50 N. Caoai,
ia i?ae?auay acaeaaoue, ianno ioeaaeaeatho aei t 18-20 N . Yoo
iia?aoeeth iiaoi?ytho aei oao ii?, iiea ianna ia oaaee/eony a iauaia a
2.5-3 ?aca. A ioeaaeaeaiioth ianno aeiaaaeytho ioeo e acaeaatho.
Iieo/aiiia aeeaeeia oanoi iaiaaeeaiii ?aceeaatho a iaoaeee/aneea oi?iu,
aeii eioi?uo iie?uaatho ieioiie aoiaaie, a noaiee niacuaatho ianeii.
Oi?iu caiieiytho ia 3/4 auniou, t auia/ee 200-220 N a oa/aiea 10-40 iei.
Aioiaiinoue ii?aaeaeyaony i?ieieii ecaeaeey, anee oanoi ia i?eeeiaao, oi
aeneaeo aioia.

Ioeaaeaeatho a oi?iao, iinea /aai auieiatho. Caoai caaioiaee
auaea?aeeaatho i?e t 15-20 N ia iaiaa 8 /. Caaioiaee aeey oi?oia e
ie?iaeiuo ?ac?acatho ia aeaa neiy e nia/eaatho eo ne?iiii. Ieaeiee neie
niacuaatho e?aiii eee iiaeaeeii e iae?uaatho aoi?ui neiai. Iiaa?oiinoue
oi?oia e ie?iaeiuo iie?uaatho e?aiii, iinuiatho aeneaeoiie e?ioeie eee
oe?aoatho aeaea, oeaaoiui e?aiii.

Neiaiia i?aniia oanoi

I?eaioiaeaiea oanoa ninoieo ec neaaeothueo iia?aoeee: caiana,
iiaeaioiaee ianea e ia?aneaeaaiey.

A aeaaeo aeeaatho ?anoai? niee e eeiiiiie eeneiou, eeaaeoo yeoea, ioeo e
caiaoeaatho oanoi, iinoaiaiii aeiaaaeyy aiaeo. Aioiaia oanoi inoaaeytho
aeey iaaooaiey. E ianeo aeiaaaeytho ioeo aeey naycuaaiey aiaeu
?aciaoeaatho, oi?iotho ieanoaie oieueiie ieiei 2 ni e ioeaaeaeatho aei t
13-14 N.

Oanoi ?aneaouaatho a ieanou oieueiie ieiei 1 ni, ia iaai eeaaeoo
iiaeaioiaeaiiia ianei, cae?uaatho ei ianei naa?oo e caueiuaatho.
Iieo/aiioth caaioiaeo ?aneaouaatho aei oieueiu 1 ni, neeaaeuaatho aaeaia
eee o?ia, caoai aua ?ac aaeaia e ioeaaeaeatho a oa/aiea 30 iei i?e t 4-8
N . Iinea oanoi aiiaue ?aneaouaatho, aiiaue nai?a/eaatho e o. ae. Eenou
nia/eaatho aiaeie, eeaaeoo ia iaai ieanou oanoa, ?aneaoaiiiai aei
ioaeiie oieueiu, eee noi?iiaaiiua ecaeaeey, niacuaatho iiaa?oiinoue eo
yeoeii e auiaeatho i?e t 220-250 C .

Ec neiaiiai i?aniiai oanoa aeaeatho ie?iaeee, eoeaayee, caiaeatho a iai
yaeiee, aeaeatho oi?ou, ie?iaeiua ?aciuo aeaeia, ycuee.

ssaeiee a neieea. Caai?a/eaatho nu?ua i/euaiiua yaeiee aac na?aeoeaaeiu
a eonee oanoa. A ioaa?noea a na?aaeeia yaeiea ianuiatho naoa? n
?anoa?oie ei?eoeae e auiaeatho i?e t 200-220 N.

sscuee neiaiua. Oanoi ?aneaouaatho oieueiie ieiei 5 ii e auaieie
au?acatho eaiaoee ?acia?ii 6 ia 15 ni; iinuiatho naoa?iui ianeii, neaaea
oaeeeiytho, ?aneaouaay neaeeie, e auiaeatho i?e t 260-280 N.

Caaa?iia oanoi

A eioae iaeeaatho aiaeo, aeiaaaeytho nieue, ianei, iaa?aaatho aei
eeiaiey, i?e iai?a?uaiii iiiaoeaaiee anuiatho ioeo e caaa?eaatho oanoi a
oa/aiea 5-10 iei, i?iaeieaeay iiiaoeaaoue. Caoai oanoi ioeaaeaeatho aei
t 60-70 N e, i?iaeieaeay ia?aiaoeaaoue, aeiaaaeytho yeoea. Eenou neaaea
niacuaatho aee?ii e auioneatho ia ieo ec eiiaeeoa?neiai iaoea caaa?iia
oanoi a aeaea iaei/ae, eieaoe, oa?eeia. Iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie ecaeaeeyie
aeieaeiu auoue eioa?aaeu 3-4 ni.

Auiaeatho ecaeaeey i?e t 190-200 N a oa/aiea 30-35 iei. I?e auia/ea
aioo?e ecaeaeee ia?acothony ionoiou, eioi?ua caoai iiaeii caiieiyoue
e?aiii, acaeouie neeaeaie e o. ae.

E?aiu

E?ai neeai/iue. Ianieaiia neeai/iia ianei ca/euatho, ia?acatho ia eon

ee e ia?aiaoeaatho ai acaeaaeueiie iaoeia 5-7 iei, iinoaiaiii
aeiaaaeytho naoa?ioth ioae?o e i?ieeiy/aiiia, i?ioeaaeaiiia e
ioeaaeaeaiiia naouaiiia iieiei. Ia?aae ieii/aieai acaeaaiey aaiaeyo
eiiueye, aaieeei.

Aeey iieo/aiey oieieaaeiiai e?aia a eiioea acaeaaiey a ianno aeiaaaeytho
eaeai-ii?ioie.

Aaeeiaue e?ai. Ia?aae acaeaaieai aaeee ouaoaeueii ioaeaeytho io
aeaeoeia. O oi?ioi acaeouo aaeeia iaia nio?aiyao oi?io e aea?aeeony ia
aaie/ea. A eiioea acaeaaiey a aaeee aeiaaaeytho ianeieueei eaiaeue
?anoai?a eeiiiiie eeneiou.

Aeey aaeeiaiai nu?oeiaiai e?aia ye/iua aaeee ioeaaeaeatho aei t 2 N e
acaeaatho aia/aea iaaeeaiii, a caoai auno?i. Iieo/ea onoie/eaoth iaio,
ia i?ae?auay acaeaaiey, iinoaiaiii aeiaaaeytho naoa?ioth ioae?o,
niaoaiioth n eeiiiiie eeneioie.

Aeey aaeeiaiai caaa?iiai e?aia aa?yo naoa?iue ne?ii, eioi?ue aeeaatho a
aaeeiaoth iaio oiieie no?oae, aeiaaaeytho eeiiiioth eeneioo e
aaieeueioth ioae?o.

E?ai caai?iie. Aeey i?eaioiaeaiey e?aia ioeo i?ia?aaatho a oa/aiea 40-50
iei, ioeaaeaeatho e ouaoaeueii ia?aiaoeaatho ni neaaea acaeouie yeoeaie.
A yoo ianno oiieie no?oeeie aeeaatho ai?y/ee iiei/ii-naoa?iue ne?ii e
oaa?eaatho ia aiaeyiie aaia aei caaonoaiey a oa/aiea 10 iei. Caoai
aaiaeyo neeai/iia ianei, aaieeue e auno?i ioeaaeaeatho.

Iiiaaeea

Aioiayo ne?ii, ?anoai?yy a ai?y/ae aiaea naoa?, iaa?aaay aei t 107-108
N, ia?eiaee/anee nieiay iaio. Aeiaaaeytho e ne?iio iaiiiai eeiiiiie
eeneiou, cae?uaatho eioae e?uoeie e iaa?aaatho aei t 114-116 N . Ne?ii
aueeaatho ia noie, neiai 2-2.5 ni, na?ucaeaatho aiaeie e iinea
ioeaaeaeatho aei t 35-40 N ia?aiaoeaatho eiiaoeie. Aioiaoth iiiaaeeo
eeaaeoo a eioae e inoaaeytho aeey nic?aaaiey ia nooee. Ia?aae
aeace?iaeie iiiaaeeo ?acia?aaatho ia aiaeyiie aaia aei t 50 N.

AEaea

Caia/eaatho aaa?, aeiaaaeytho aai a naoa?iue ne?ii, ?anoai?ytho i?e
iaa?aaaiee, aeiaaaeytho iaoieo e aeiaiaeyo aei eeiaiey, oaeaeyy iaio.
Caoai ne?ii i?ioeaaeeaatho e aeiaaaeytho a?iiaoecaoi?u e ieuaaua
e?aneoaee .

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao

O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao oi?oia e ie?iaeiuo ii?aaeaeythony INO 18-102-72.

Ia aeieaeiu aeiioneaoueny a ?aaeecaoeeth ie?iaeee n iaaeiaanii,
aeaoi?ie?iaaiiua, iiaeai?aeua, iai?iia/aiiua, n i?eciaeaie ii?/e.

O?aiyo oi?ou e ie?iaeiua a oieiaeeeueiuo eaia?ao i?e t 0-6 N , ni
neeai/iui e?aiii – 36 / , ni acaeouie neeaeaie – 7 / , caaa?iui e?aiii –
6 /.

2.6 Ioi?ieaiea e ioione aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee

Eaoa eiaao ana aeaeu iaiaoiaeeiie iinoaeu aeey iiaea/e oieiaeiuo aethae
e caeonie, ia?auo e aoi?uo aethae e ?acee/iuo iaieoeia, oaeaea noieiaua
i?eai?u e aaeuea. Noiu iiaeatho a aeoaieie noieiaie oa?aeea aeeaiao?ii
240 ii ia iiaenoaiiai/iie oa?aeea, i?e t 70-75 N. Oae aea eniieuecotho
i?e iiaea/a aoeueiiia – /aoee aoeueiiu n aethaeoeaie.

Aeey aoi?uo aethae eniieuecotho oa?aeee noieiaua iaeeea aeeaiao?ii io
240 aei 320 ii a caaeneiinoe io i?eaioiaeaiiiai aethaea. Ecaeaeea ia
aeieaeiu auoiaeeoue ia ai?oeee oa?aeee, iniiaiie i?iaeoeo e aa?ie? ia
aeieaeiu nii?eeanaoueny ae?oa n ae?oaii. Oaiia?aoo?a iiaea/e aoi?uo
aethae 60-70 N.

Aeey iiaea/e ai?y/eo iaieoeia eniieuecotho:

/aeieee aeey caaa?ee /ay;

/aeieee aeey eeiyoea;

/aoee /aeiua n aethaeoeaie;

ieaeu aeey caeaiiai /ay;

eioaeieee aeey eioa;

iiei/ieee;

neeai/ieee;

aaci/ee aeey aa?aiuey e naoa?a;

?icaoee.

Aeey iiaea/e aeana?oia e o?oeoia eniieuecotho:

oa?aeee aeana?oiua iaeeea – 200 ii;

aacu ieineea ia ieceie iiaeea – 300 ii;

ie?iaeeiaua oa?aeee.

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