.

Метод определения поглощенных доз внешнего гамма-излучения по спектрам электронного парамагнитного резонатора зубной эмали

Язык: русский
Формат: курсова
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 2127
Скачать документ

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE NOAIAeA?O ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE

———————————————————————-

AACIIANIINOUe A *?ACAU*AEIUO NEOOAOeEssO

EIIO?IEUe IANAEAIEss AeICEIAO?E*ANEEE

IAOIAe II?AAeAEAIEss IIAEIUAIIUO AeIC AIAOIAAI AAIIA-ECEO*AIEss

II NIAEO?AI YEAEO?IIIIAI IA?AIAAIEOIIAI ?ACIIAINA COAIIE YIAEE

Ieii/aoaeueiay ?aaeaeoeey

Ecaeaiea ioeoeeaeueiia

AINNOAIAeA?O ?INNEE

Iineaa

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

I?aaeeneiaea

1 ?AC?AAIOAI Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneei eniuoaoaeueiui oeaio?ii
?aaee-

aoeeiiiie aaciianiinoe einie/aneeo iauaeoia Oaaea?aeueiiai oi?aaeaiey
ia-

aeeei-aeieiae/aneeo e yeno?aiaeueiuo i?iaeai i?e Ieicae?aaiaaei?iia
?innee

n o/anoeai Einoeoooa aeioeceee Ieicae?aaiaaei?iia ?innee, Ana?inneeneiai

iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneiai einoeoooa oeceei-oaoie/aneeo e
?aaeeioaoie-

/aneeo ecia?aiee Ainnoaiaea?oa ?innee, Ana?inneeneiai iao/ii-enneaaeiaa-

oaeueneiai einoeoooa ieia?aeueiiai nu?uey Aaieeiia i?e Niaaoa
Ieieno?ia

?innee, Oiaa?euanoaa n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth “O?eoii”

AIANAI Oaoie/aneei eiieoaoii ii noaiaea?oecaoeee OE 71
“A?aaeaeaineay

iai?iia, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea e eeeaeaeaoeey /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee”

2 I?EIssO E AAAAeAI a aeaenoaea Iinoaiiaeaieai Ainnoaiaea?oa
?innee

io N

3 AAAAeAI AIA?AUA

@ Ecaeaoaeuenoai noaiaea?oia, 1995

Ianoiyuee noaiaea?o ia iiaeao auoue iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii
aini?iec-

aaaeai, oe?aaee?iaai e ?ani?ino?aiai a ea/anoaa ioeoeeaeueiiai ecaeaiey
aac

?ac?aoaiey Ainnoaiaea?oa ?innee

II

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

Niaea?aeaiea

1 Iaeanoue i?eiaiaiey …………………………….

2 Ii?iaoeaiua nnueee …………………………….

3 Ii?aaeaeaiey e nie?auaiey ………………………

4 Nouiinoue iaoiaea

5 Iai?oaeiaaiea e iaoa?eaeu aeey i?iaaaeaiey ecia?aiee….

6 Iiaeaioiaea e i?iaaaeaieth ecia?aiee ……………….

7 I?iaaaeaiea ecia?aiee …………………………..

8 Ia?aaioea ?acoeueoaoia ecia?aiee …………………

9 Aeiionoeiay iia?aoiinoue eiio?iey …………………

10 O?aaiaaiey aaciianiinoe…………………………

I?eeiaeaiea A Ioai?, o?ainii?oe?iaea e o?aiaiea ia?acoeia

coaia ………………………………………..

I?eeiaeaiea A Aieaoiue eeno ……………………….

I?eeiaeaiea A Ioaeaeaiea yiaee io aeaioeia i?e iiaeaioiaea

i?ia coaiie yiaee ……………………………..

I?eeiaeaiea A Iaoiaeeea ia?aaioee ecia?aiiuo YI?-niaeo?ia

yiaee coaia……………………………………

I?eeiaeaiea Ae ?an/ao ia?aiao?ia ?aa?annee …………..

I?eeiaeaiea A Oi?ia caiene ?acoeueoaoia ecia?aiey……..

I?eeiaeaiea AE Iaoiaeeea ioeaiee iia?aoiinoe ecia?aiey

iiaeiuaiiie aeicu ………………………………

III

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE NOAIAeA?O ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE

______________________________________________________________________

AACIIANIINOUe A *?ACAU*AEIUO NEOOAOeEssO

EIIO?IEUe IANAEAIEss AeICEIAO?E*ANEEE

IAOIAe II?AAeAEAIEss IIAEIUAIIUO AeIC AIAOIAAI AAIIA-ECEO*AIEss

II NIAEO?AI YEAEO?IIIIAI IA?AIAAIEOIIAI ?ACIIAINA COAIIE YIAEE

Safety in emergencies

Dosimetric control of population

METHOD OF ABSORBED RADIATION DOSES MEASUREMENT

USING ESR-SPECTRA OF TOOTH ENAMEL

_____________________________________________________________________

Aeaoa aaaaeaiey 1996-07-01

1 Iaeanoue i?eiaiaiey

Ianoiyuee noaiaea?o onoaiaaeeaaao iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey
iiaeiuaiiuo

aeic aiaoiaai aaiia-eceo/aiey ii niaeo?ai yeaeo?iiiiai ia?aiaaieoiiai

?aciiaina ia?acoeia coaiie yiaee (YI?-aeiceiao?ey).

Noaiaea?o i?eiaiytho a eaai?aoi?eyo ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai eiio?iey,
inia-

uaiiuo YI?-niaeo?ineiie/aneie aiia?aoo?ie, i?e ainnoaiiaeaiee eiaeeae-

aeoaeueiuo iiaeiuaiiuo aeic io aiaoiaai aaiia-eceo/aiey o aeeoaeae
?aaei-

iia, iino?aaeaaoeo a /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeeyo (?aaeeaoeeiiiua
caa?yciaiey

ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu a ?acoeueoaoa iaeiio?iee?oaiuo aaa?ee e
eaoano?io,

aicaeaenoaea eiiece?othueo eceo/aiee ia ianaeaiea a ?acoeueoaoa
yaea?iuo

eniuoaiee).

______________________________________________________________________

Ecaeaiea ioeoeeaeueiia

1

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

2 Ii?iaoeaiua nnueee

A ianoiyuai noaiaea?oa eniieueciaaiu nnueee ia neaaeothuea
noaiaea?ou:

AINO ? 22.0.02-94 Aaciianiinoue a /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeeyo. Oa?ieiu

e ii?aaeaeaiey iniiaiuo iiiyoee

AINO 8.010-90 Ainoaea?noaaiiay nenoaia iaania/aiey aaeeinoaa ecia-

?aiee. Iauea o?aaiaaiey e noaiaea?oecaoeee e aooanoaoeee iaoiaeee
auiieia-

iey ecia?aiee

AINO 8.207-76 Ainoaea?noaaiiay nenoaia iaania/aiey aaeeinoaa ecia-

?aiee. I?yiua ecia?aiey n iiiaie?aoiuie iaaethaeaieyie. Iaoiaeu
ia?aaioee

?acoeueoaoia iaaethaeaiee. Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey

AINO 2603-79 Aoeaoii. Oaoie/aneea oneiaey

AINO 6709-72 Aiaea aeenoeeee?iaaiiay. Oaoie/aneea oneiaey

AINO 9147-80 Iinoaea e iai?oaeiaaiea eaai?aoi?iua oa?oi?iaua. Oao-

ie/aneea oneiaey

AINO 18300-87 Nie?o yoeeiaue ?aeoeoeeiaaiiue oaoie/aneee. Oaoie-

/aneea oneiaey

AINO 19908-90 Oeaee, /aoe, noaeaiu, eieau, ai?iiee, i?iae?ee e

iaeiia/ieee ec i?ic?a/iiai eaa?oeaaiai noaeea. IOO

AINO 20282-86 Iieenoe?ie iauaai iacia/aiey INI-111

AINO 22090-89A Ai?u coaia?a/aaiua. Iauea oaoie/aneea o?aaiaaiey

e iaoiaeu eniuoaiee

AINO 23932-90A Iinoaea e iai?oaeiaaiea eaai?aoi?iua noaeeyiiua. IOO

AINO 24104-88A Aanu eaai?aoi?iua iauaai iacia/aiey e ia?acoeiaua.

IOO

AINO 25336-82A Iinoaea e iai?oaeiaaiea eaai?aoi?iua noaeeyiiua. Oe-

iu iniiaiua ia?aiao?u e ?acia?u

2

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

3 Ii?aaeaeaiey e nie?auaiey

A ianoiyuai noaiaea?oa i?eiaiytho neaaeothuea ii?aaeaeaiey e
nie?aua-

iey:

/?acau/aeiay neooaoeey (*N) – ii AINO ? 22.0.02;

ia?aiaaieoiia aauanoai – aauanoai, niaea?aeauaa aoiiu eee iieaeoeu

n iania?aiiui yeaeo?iiii e

yeaeo?iiiue ia?aiaaieoiue ?aciiain (YI?) – yaeaiea iiaeiuaiey

yia?aee naa?oauniei/anoioiiai (1-10 Aaoe) eceo/aiey (NA*) ia?aiaaieoiu-

ie oeaio?aie aauanoaa, iiiauaiiiai a iaaieoiia iiea, i?e iaeioi?ii ii-

?aaeaeaiiii aeey aeaiiuo ia?aiaaieoiuo oeaio?ia cia/aiee iaaieoiiai
iiey;

g-oaeoi? – iniiaiay ?aaeeiniaeo?ineiie/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea ia?a-

iaaieoiuo oeaio?ia, naycaiiay n eo iaaieoiui iiiaioii e iicaieythuay

i?iaiaeeoue eo eaeaioeoeeaoeeth i?e aiaeeca YI?-niaeo?ia aauanoaa;

coaiay yiaeue (CY) – aiaoeoiiiaeiaiia aauanoai iieee?enoaeee/aneie

no?oeoo?u n iacia/eoaeueiie i?eianueth i?aaie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee;

?Y IAeICY – ?aai/ee yoaeii iiaeiuaiiie aeicu a iaeo/aiiie CY;

?IOe – ?aaeeaoeeiiii-eiaeooee?iaaiiua ia?aiaaieoiua oeaio?u

4 Nouiinoue iaoiaea

Nouiinoue iaoiaea caeeth/aaony a ecia?aiee eioaineaiinoe
neaiaeia

YI? io noaaeeueiuo ai a?aiaie ?IOe, ia?acothueony a
e?enoaeee/aneie

no?oeoo?a CY a eiee/anoaao, i?iii?oeeiiaeueiuo iiaeiuaiiie aeica
iaeo/a-

iey. ?aaeeaoeeiiiue neaiae – oceee aiecio?iiiue iee iiaeiuaiey a niaeo?a

YI? iaeo/aiiie CY – ii?aaeaeytho ia oiia oe?ieiai ieea iiaeiuaiey n iae-

neioiii a aeeaiaciia g=2,006-2,003, i?enouaai niaeo?o iaiaeo/aiiie CY e

iaoneiaeaiiiai i?aaie/aneeie i?eianyie.

3

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

Iniaaiiinoue iaoiaea YI?-aeiceiao?ee, a eioi?ii CY i?aaenoaaeyaony
a

ea/anoaa eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai oaa?aeioaeueiiai aeiceiao?a, caeeth/aaony
a ia-

oiaeaeaiee eiyooeoeeaioa ?aaeeaoeeiiiie /oanoaeoaeueiinoe yiaee (f) a
?a-

coeueoaoa iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai aeiiaeo/aiey (e niioaaonoaothueo
YI?-ecia?a-

iee) eaaeaeie i?iau ia aooanoiaaiiii enoi/ieea aaiia-eceo/aiey n
niaeth-

aeaieai oneiaee ?aaiiaaney aoi?e/iuo yeaeo?iiia. Ieii/aoaeueioth
ioeaieo

ia?aiia/aeueiie iiaeiuaiiie yiaeueth aeicu aianoa n aa iia?aoiinoueth
iaoi-

aeyo iooai eeiaeiiai ?aa?anneiiiiai aiaeeca aeaiiuo ii eioaineaiinoe ?a-

aeeaoeeiiiuo neaiaeia i?e ?aciuo aeicao aeiiaeo/aiey n o/aoii
ii?aaeaeyaii-

ai cia/aiey f (?en.1).

I?e ainnicaeaiee iauae ea?oeiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai ii?aaeaiey ianaeaiey
a

iino?aaeaaoai ?aaeiia e i?iaaaeaiee ianniauo YI?-aiaeecia
aeiioneaaony

onei?aiiue niinia i?eaeeaeaiiie ioeaiee aeic n eniieueciaaieai
aooanoiaai-

iiai ?aai/aai yoaeiia iiaeiuaiiie aeicu a iaeo/aiiie coaiie yiaee n on-

?aaeiaiiui cia/aieai aa ?aaeeaoeeiiiie /oanoaeoaeueiinoe [ ].

5 Iai?oaeiaaiea e iaoa?eaeu aeey i?iaaaeaiey ecia?aiee

Aeey i?iaaaeaiey ecia?aiee i?eiaiytho:

– niaeo?iiao? YI? (aeeeia aieiu 3 ni) n aooanoiaaiiie (ii ianii?-

oo) /oanoaeoaeueiinoueth ia iaiaa 10_510_0 nieiia;

– ?Y IAeICY. ?aaeno?aoeeiiiue N a Ainoaea?noaaiiii
?aano?a

n?aaenoa ecia?aiee;

– onoaiiaea iaeo/aoaeueiay n aooanoiaaiiuie enoi/ieeaie aaiia-ec-

eo/aiey ecioiiia Cs-137 eee Co-60;

– ai?iaoeia yeaeo?e/aneay ii?oaoeaiay oeia AYIA-06 eee ai?iaoeia

oaoie/aneay oeia AO-1-12 n aeaeei ?oeaaii;

4

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

– ai?u coaia?a/aaiua ii AINO 22090;

– aanu eaai?aoi?iua iauaai iacia/aiey e ia?acoeiaua ii AINO 24104

eee aanu oi?neiiiua AO-500;

– oeao nooeeueiue oeia ON-20;

– nooiea n ianoeeii oa?oi?iaay ii AINO 9147;

– yeneeaoi? n aeaaiiiaeiuathueie iaiieieoaeyie ii AINO 25336_4;

– aiioeu iieenoe?ieiaua ii AINO 20282;

– aiioeu noaeeyiiua eaa?oeaaua oiieinoaiiua ii AINO 19908;

– 4%-e ?anoai? oi?iaeueaeaaeaea ii AINO ;

– aoeaoii ii AINO 2603;

– nie?o yoeeiaue ii AINO 18300;

– aiaea aeenoeeee?iaaiiay ii AINO 6709.

6 Iiaeaioiaea e i?iaaaeaieth ecia?aiee

6.1 Iiaeaioiaea i?ia coaiie yiaee

6.1.1 I?aaeaa?eoaeueiua iia?aoeee, naycaiiua n oaeaeaieai,
o?ainii?-

oe?iaeie e o?aiaieai ia?acoeia coaia, i?aaenoaaeaiiuo e
YI?-aeiceiao?e-

/aneiio aiaeeco, ?anniio?aiu a I?eeiaeaiee A. A I?eeiaeaiee A
i?eaaaeaia

aaeeiay iaycaoaeueiay oi?ia ia nii?iaiaeeoaeueiue aeieoiaio e oaeaeyaiui
co-

aai (Aieaoiue eeno), caiieiyaiue a?a/ii-noiiaoieiaii.

6.1.1 N coaa iaoaie/anee oaeaeytho inoaoee i?aaie/aneeo aauanoa,

coaiie eaiaiue e ieaiaioe?iaaiiua ae?aieaiey. Iineaaeiea inoi?iaeii
nio-

eeoiauaatho n iiiiuueth coaia?a/aaiiai ai?a. Caoai coa i?iiuaatho
iineaaei-

aaoaeueii a aoeaoiia, aiaea e nie?oa. I?e iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioea
yiaee

iaaeiionoeii eniieueciaaiea eino?oiaioia e iaoa?eaeia n ia?aiaaieoiuie

naienoaaie.

6

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

6.1.2 I/euaiiue coa ?anieeeaatho iiae no?oae aiaeu n iiiiuueth
aeiac-

iiai io?aciiai aeenea ia aeaa /anoe: aa?oithth, iie?uooth yiaeueth, e
ei?aiue,

a caoai aa?oithth iieiaeio coaa aaeieue aa?oeeaeueiie ine – ia aeaa eee
/a-

ou?a /anoe a caaeneiinoe io aai oi?iu.

6.1.3 Niiniau iineaaeothuaai ?acaeaeaiey yiaee e aeaioeia e
niioaaon-

oaothuaai eiio?iey i?eaaaeaiu a I?eeiaeaiee A.

I?e ethaie iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioea iaiaoiaeeii ecaaaaoue
eieaeueiuo

ia?aa?aaia ia?acoeia CY. ?aeiiaiaeoaony oaeaea eo/oa oaeaeeoue
iaeioi?ia

eiee/anoai yiaee n ae?aieaieyie aeaioeia, /ai inoaaeyoue iineaaeiea
a

aiaeece?oaiie i?iaa CY.

6.1.4 Aeey niyoey yooaeoa aiecio?iiee, eioi?ue iia au i?iyaeoueny

i?e YI?-ecia?aieyo i?ia CY n e?oiiuie o?aaiaioaie, iieo/aiiua ineieee

yiaee eciaeue/atho a nooiea aei ca?ai ?acia?ii ~ 0,5 ii e ia aieaa 1,0
ii

a iiia?a/ieea. Ia neaaeoao aeiioneaoue neeoeii oiieiai eciaeue/aiey
yiaee

(aei ninoiyiey iuee) ai ecaaaeaiea iiyaeaiey noieeeo aeiiieieoaeueiuo
?a-

aeeeaeia (iaoaii-eiaeooee?iaaiiuo eee naycaiiuo n ieeneeoaeueiuie
i?ioean-

naie),

6.1.5 Iiaeaioiaeaiiua oaeei ia?acii ca?ia yiaee iaacaee?eaatho
(i?i-

iuaatho iineaaeiaaoaeueii a aoeaoiia, aeenoeeee?iaaiiie aiaea e
nie?oa) e

aunooeaatho i?e eiiiaoiie oaiia?aoo?a a yeneeaoi?a.

6.1.6 Ec i/euaiiie yiaee aioiayo iaaanee iannie io 50 aei 100 ia a

caaeneiinoe io eiee/anoaa yiaee, iieo/aaiie ec coaa. I?e iiaeaioiaea

i?iau aeey YI?-aeiceiao?e/aneiai aiaeeca ?aeiiaiaeoaony inoaaeyoue
aeey

aiciiaeiiai eiio?ieueiiai aiaeeca ia?aeeaeueioth i?iao CY.

6.1.7 Iiaeaioiaeaiiua i?iau yiaee auaea?aeeaatho a nooeeueiii oeaoo
a

oa/aiea 20-24 /ania i?e oaiia?aoo?a 40+/-2 _50_0N.

7

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

6.1.8 Aiioeu, a eioi?ua aoaeoo iiiauaoueny i?iau yiaee, i?iiuaatho
a

aeenoeeee?iaaiiie aiaea, iiieaneeaatho nie?oii e aunooeaatho i?e
eiiiaoiie

oaiia?aoo?a a yeneeaoi?a n aeaaiiiaeioeoaeai, aaea o?aiyo aei
eniieueci-

aaiey a ?aaioa.

6.1.9 Iiaeaioiaeaiiua ii i.6.1.7 i?iau yiaee iiiauatho a aiioeo
aeey

i?iaaaeaiey ecia?aiee. I?e yoii ca eaaeaeie i?iaie cae?aieytho aiioeo
ia

ana a?aiy ecia?aiee. Iaaaneo yiaee acaaoeaatho e o?aiyo a caeoii?aiiie

aiioea.

6.2 Iiaeaioiaea niae?iiao?a YI?

6.2.1 Iiaeaioiaeo niae?iiao?a YI? e ?aaioa auiieiytho a niioaaon-

oaee n eino?oeoeeae ii aai yenieoaoaoeee.

6.2.2 Aioiaiinoue e ?aaioa YI? niaeo?iiao?a (noaaeeueiinoue
iaaieo-

iiai iiey I, /anoiou_7 n _0e o?iaiy iiuiinoe NA*) i?iaa?ytho,
?aaeno?e?oy

niaeo? ?YIAeICY. Iiaeae?atho iioeiaeueiue ?aai/ee ?aaeei ecia?aiey, i?e
ei-

oi?ii niaeo? ?Y IAeICY iaoiaeeony a na?aaeeia ?acaa?oee iaaieoiiai iiey
I

6.2.3 Noaaeeueiinoue I e _7n_0 eiio?iee?otho aini?iecaiaeeiinoueth
ianoiii-

eiaeaiey ia niaeo?a 3-ae e 4-ie eeiee aeaooaaeaioiiai ia?aaioea,
aoiaeyua-

ai a ninoaa ?Y IAeICY.

6.2.4 Neaaeoao oaaaeeoueny a aini?iecaiaeeiinoe ecia?aiey
aaee/eiu

aiieeooaeu ?aia?iie eeiee ?IOe a niaeo?a ?Y IAeICY, iia?aoiinoue
ecia?aiey

eioi?ie ia aeieaeia i?aauoaoue 2-3%.

6.2.5 Ia?aiao?u ?aaeno?aoeee niaeo?ia (iinoiyiiay a?aiaie, eiee-

/anoai iaeiieaiee, a?aiy ?aaeno?aoeee) auae?atho a caaeneiinoe io oeia

niaeo?iiao?a, ?oeiaiaenoaoynue neaaeothueie niia?aaeaieyie:

– ioiioaiea neaiae-ooi, ecia?aiiia ii aiieeooaea iaoeaiiai neaiaea

aeey ?Y IAeICY, aeieaeii auoue ia iaiaa 10. I?e yoii ia aeieaeii
i?ienoiaeeoue

eneaaeaiea oi?iu niaeo?a ?IOe iaeo/aiiie yiaee;

8

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

– aiieeooaea iiaeoeyoeee iiey auae?aaony ia aieaa 4 An ai
ecaaaeaiea

eneaaeaiey oi?iu niaeo?a ?IOe;

– iiuiinoue iiaeaiaeeiie e ?aciiaoi?o NA* ii?aaeaeyaony oeiii
?aciia-

oi?a e auae?aaony a iaeanoe, aaea ia i?ienoiaeeo ianuuaiey neaiaea
?IOe

(ia aieaa 10 iAo).

6.3 I?iaa?eo aiioe, ioia?aiiuo aeey ?aciauaiey a ieo enneaaeoaiie

yiaee coaa, ia ionoonoaea ia?aceoiuo neaiaeia auiieiytho ia YI?-niaeo-

?iiao?a i?e iaeneiaeueiii oneeaiee niaeo?iiao?a n aua?aiiuie iioeiaeue-

iuie ?aaeeiaie ecia?aiee i?e eciaiaiee aaee/eiu g-oaeoi?a io 1,9970 aei

2,0055.

7 I?iaaaeaiea ecia?aiee

Ecia?aiey YI?-niaeo?ia iiaeaioiaeaiiuo i?ia n oeaeueth
?ao?iniaeoea-

iie ioeaiee iiaeiuaiiuo a coaiie yiaee aeic inouanoaeythony a aeaa
yoaia:

onei?aiiui niiniaii n eniieueciaaieai ?Y IAeICY (yeni?ann-aiaeec) e n

ii?aaeaeaieai ?aaeeaoeeiiiie /oanoaeoaeueiinoe eaaeaeie enneaaeoaiie
i?iau

yiaee iaoiaeii aeiiaeo/aiey e iineaaeothuaai eeiaeiiai ?aa?anneiiiiai
aia-

eeca.

7.1 Ecia?aiea YI?-niaeo?ia i?ia.

7.1.1 Aiioeo n iiaeaioiaeaiiie i?iaie iiiauatho a ?aciiaoi?

YI?-niaeo?iiao?a, auaea?aeeaay iinoiyiioth aeoaeio iia?oaeaiee.

7.1.2 YI?-niaeo? enneaaeoaiie i?iau (?en.2) ecia?ytho a niioaaon-

oaee n ii?iaoeaiie aeieoiaioaoeeae ii yenieoaoaoeee YI?-niaeo?iiao?a.

7.1.3 YI?-niaeo? caienuaatho a iaiyoue YAI e iaeiia?aiaiii a
eaai?a-

oi?iue aeo?iae enneaaeiaaiee ii oi?ia niaeanii i?eeiaeaieth A.

9

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

7.1.4 Ecia?aiea niaeo?ia yiaee, ia iiaeaa?aoaeny aeiiaeo/aieth,
ino-

uanoaeytho a ?aaeeia iaeiieaiey aeaiiuo a iaiyoe YAI a ?acoeueoaoa
iiiaie-

?aoiuo iiaoi?iuo ecia?aiee (aei 10 ?ac a caaeneiinoe io /oanoaeoaeueiin-

oe niaeo?iiao?a).

7.1.5 Eiio?ieue ca noaaeeueiinoueth ?aaiou niaeo?iiao?a
i?iecaiaeyo

iooai ia?eiaee/aneie ?aaeno?aoeee niaeo?ia YI? io ?Y IAeICY: /a?ac
5-10

enneaaeoaiuo ia?acoeia. Iioeiaeueioth /anoioo ?aaeno?aoeee niaeo?a ?Y
IAeICY

iaoiaeyo aeey eaaeaeiai niaeo?iiao?a eiaeeaeaeoaeueii iooai
ieieiecaoeee aei-

ionoeiie n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneie iia?aoiinoe ioeeiiaiee iieacaiee io ?a-

ia?iie eeiee ?Y IAeICY i?e i?i/eo ?aaiuo oneiaeyo aai ?aaeno?aoeee.

7.2 Aeiiaeo/aiea i?ia yiaee coaia

7.2.1 Iinea ecia?aiey YI?-niaeo?a i?iao ecaeaeatho ec aiioeu e ii-

iauatho a niaoeeaeueioth eannaoo ni noaieaie ec oeaiayeaeaaeaioiiai
iie?u-

oey oieueiie 1a/ni_52_0, iaania/eaathuae oneiaey yeaeo?iiiiai ?aaiiaaney
a

i?ioeanna aeiiaeo/aiey i?iau ia onoaiiaea iaeo/aoaeueiie n
aooanoiaaiiui

enoi/ieeii aaiia-eceo/aiey ecioiiia Cs-137 eee Co-60.

7.2.2 Iaiaoiaeeioth aeico iaeo/aiey iaania/eaatho
niioaaonoaothuei

iiaeai?ii a?aiaie iaeo/aiey e ?annoiyiey io eannaou n i?iaie aei enoi/-

ieea aaiia-eceo/aiey. A eaaeaeii naaina ?aeiiaiaeoaony inouanoaeyoue
aei-

iieieoaeueiue eiio?ieue aeicu iaeo/aiey, iai?eia?, ii eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui
oa?-

iiethieianoeaioiui aeiceiao?ai, iiiauaaiui a eannaoo aianoa n
enneaaeoaiu-

ie i?iaaie, eee i?e iiiiue aooanoiaaiiiai ?aiaaiiiao?a.

7.2.3 Aaee/eia oaaa aeiiaeo/aiey ii?aaeaeyaony aaee/eiie aeicu
D_4y_0,

i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaeaeaiiie a ?acoeueoaoa yeni?ann-aiaeeca aac
aeiiaeo/a-

iey, e ninoaaeyao (1-3)D_4y_0.

11

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

7.2.4 Iinea eaaeaeiai iaeo/aiey i?iao auaea?aeeaatho a oa/aiea
nooie a

nooeeueiii oeaoo i?e oaiia?aoo?a 40_50_0 N, iinea /aai ecia?ytho
YI?-niaeo?

i?iau a niioaaonoaee n i. 7.1.

7.2.5 Ieieiaeueiia eiee/anoai oi/ae aeiiaeo/aiey ?aaii 4,
ieieiaeue-

iia eiee/anoai ecia?aiee a eaaeaeie oi/ea ia e?eaie aeiiaeo/aiey – 2.
N

o/aoii ecia?aiee i?iau ia?aae aeiiaeo/aieai ieieiaeueiia iauaa
eiee/anoai

nii?yaeaiiuo YI?-ecia?aiee eaaeaeie i?iau a eoiaa ninoaaeyao ia iaiaa
10.

7.2.5 Aeaiiiai eiee/anoaa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo oi/ae ia a?aoeea

(?en.1) aeinoaoi/ii aeey au/eneaiey iaoiaeii iaeiaiueoeo eaaae?aoia
aeinoi-

aa?iuo cia/aiee oaiaaina oaea iaeeiia (f) e aaee/eiu eiioeaio?aoeee
?IOe

(C_4i_0) a oi/ea ia?ana/aiey yenia?eiaioaeueiie e?eaie n inueth
i?aeeiao.

8 Ia?aaioea ?acoeueoaoia ecia?aiee

8.1 Eiioeaio?aoeeth ?IOe a enneaaeoaiie i?iaa yiaee N_4e_0,
a_5-1_0 au/eneytho

ii oi?ioea

N = N_4no_0 _5._0 E_4no_0 _5._0 ?_4no_0/I_4no_0 _5._0
I_4e_0/(E_4e_0 _5._0 P_4e_0) (1)

-1

aaea N_4no_0, E_4no_0, ?_4no_0, I_4no_0 – niioaaonoaaiii,
eiioeaio?aoeey ?IOe, a , eiyo-

oeoeeaio oneeaiey a ioiineoaeueiuo aaeeieoeao, ianna iaaanee, ia e
aiiee-

ooaea ?aia?iie eeiee R_41_0R_42_0 a ?Y IAeICY, ni, ii?aaeaeyaiay ii
?acoeueoaoai

ia?aaioee aai YI?-niaeo?a a niioaaonoaee n I?eeiaeaieai A;

I_4e_0, E_4e_0, ?_4e_0 – niioaaonoaaiii, aiieeooaea ?aia?iie
eeiee, ni, eiyo-

oeoeeaio oneeaiey, ianna iaaanee enneaaeoaiie i?iau coaiie yiaee, ia.

8.1.1 Aeey oaeianoaa au/eneaiee eneiiuo ia?aiao?ia e ioeaie eo ii-

?aaeaeaiey (iioneathony a?iiicaeeea ii?yaeee aaee/ei ecia?yaiuo
eiioeaio?a-

oeee ?IOe) yoe e iineaaeothuea ?an/aou neaaeoao i?iaiaeeoue, i?eieiay
aaee/e-

io eiioeaio?aoeee ?IOe a eniieuecoaiii ?Y IAeICY ca oneiaioth aaeeieoeo.

12

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

8.2 Eiioeaio?aoeeth ?IOe (N_4j_0) a enneaaeoaiie i?iaa yiaee
ii?aaeaeytho

iinea eaaeaeiai yoaia iaeo/aiey (j) a niioaaonoaee n I?eeiaeaieai A.

8.3 Ii ?acoeueoaoai ecia?aiee N_4j_0 a oneiaiuo aaeeieoeao aeey
eaaeaeie

i?iau onoaiaaeeaatho niioaaonoaea yoeo aaee/ei cia/aieyi D_4j_0,
?aaiui

noiia?iie aeica aeiiaeo/aiey ia eaaeaeii yoaia, i?e yoii cia/aieyi
eii-

oeaio?aoeee, iieo/aaiuo aac aeiiaeo/aiey (N_4i_0), niioaaonoaotho
cia/aiey

D=0.

8.4 Aeey iieo/aiiiai oaeei ia?acii iaai?a ia? (N_4j_0,D_4j_0)
ninoaaeytho

o?aaiaiea eeiaeiie ?aa?annee

N_4j_0 = C_4o_0 + fD_4j_0,
(2)

ia?aiao?u eioi?iai (N_4o_0,f) au/eneytho ia YAI i?e iiiiue iaoiaea
iaeiaiue-

oeo eaaae?aoia (I?eeiaeaiea Ae).

8.5 Eneiiay ia/aeueiay aeica, iaeiieaiiay a enneaaeoaiii
ia?acoea,

ii?aaeaeyaony ii oi?ioea

D_4o_0 = C_4o_0/f (5)

8.6 ?acoeueoaou ecia?aiee aeic iaeo/aiey ioi?ieytho a
eaai?aoi?iii

aeo?iaea (eee a aeaea i?ioieiea) a niioaaonoaee n I?eeiaeaieai A.

9 Aeiionoeiay iia?aoiinoue eiio?iey

9.1 Iia?aoiinoue ecia?aiey ia/aeueiie aeicu iaeo/aiey i?iau
caaeneo

io iannu i?iau yiaee coaa, aaee/eiu ecia?yaiie aeicu, iia?aoiinoe cia-

/aiey eiyooeoeeaioia oneeaiey niaeo?iiao?a e /enea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo

oi/ae aeiiaeo/aiey. Iaoiaeeea ioeaiee iia?aoiinoe ecia?aiey ia/aeueiie
aei-

cu iaeo/aiey i?eaaaeaia a I?eeiaeaiee AE.

9.2 Ii?iu noiia?iie iia?aoiinoe ii?aaeaeaiey iiaeiuaiiuo a yiaee

aeic (i?e aeiaa?eoaeueiie aa?iyoiinoe 0,95) a niioaaonoaee n
ianoiyuei

13

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

noaiaea?oii e nouanoaothueie o?aaiaaieyie e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiio
aeiceiao?e-

/aneiio eiio?ieth aiaoiaai eceo/aiey i?aaenoaaeythony a neaaeothuai
aeaea:

aeey aeeaiaciia aeic 0,05 – 0.1 A? iia?aoiinoue ia i?aauoaao
100%,

aeey aeeaiaciia aeic 0,1 – 0,2 A? iia?aoiinoue ia i?aauoaao
50%,

aeey aeeaiaciia aeic 0,2 – 0,5 A? iia?aoiinoue ia i?aauoaao
40%,

aeey aeeaiaciia aeic >0,5 A? iia?aoiinoue ia i?aauoaao
30%.

10 O?aaiaaiey aaciianiinoe

10.1 I?e ?aaioa ia YI?-niaeo?iiao?a iaiaoiaeeii auiieiyoue o?aaiaa-

iey, i?aaeuyaeyaiua e ianeoaeeaaieth yeaeo?ionoaiiaie n aunieei
iai?yaea-

ieai.

10.2 NA* aaia?aoi? e NA* o?aeo aeieaeiu eiaoue ieioioth
ye?aie?iaeo,

ia aeiioneathuoth auoiaea NA* eceo/aiey a ie?oaeathuaa i?ino?ainoai.

10.3 Iaiaoiaeeii ia?aie/eoue i?aauaaiea iia?aoi?ia a ?annayiiuo ii-

eyo iiuiuo iaaieoiuo nenoai.

10.4 I?e ?aaioa n aoeaoiiii iaiaoiaeeii niaethaeaiea o?aaiaaiee
aaci-

ianiinoe, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo AINO 2603.

10.5 I?e ?aaioa n eaai?aoi?iie iinoaeie aeieaeiu niaethaeaoueny
o?aaiaa-

iey aaciianiinoe, i?aaeoniio?aiiua AINO 9147 e AINO 19908.

10.6 I?e ?acaeaeaiee yiaee coaia e aeaioeia aeieaeiu niaethaeaoueny
o?a-

aiaaiey aaciianiinoe, i?aaeoniio?aiiua AINO 22090.

10.7 I?e iaeo/aiee i?ia yiaee coaia ia eaai?aoi?iuo enoi/ieeao

aaiia-eceo/aiey neaaeoao niaethaeaoue i?aaeea oaoieee aaciianiinoe i?e
?a-

aioa n enoi/ieeaie eiiece?othuaai eceo/aiey, i?aaeoniio?aiiua
aeaenoaoth-

ueie Iniiaiuie naieoa?iuie i?aaeeaie. Naie iaeo/aiiua i?iau coaiie

yiaee ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iianiinoe ia i?aaenoaaeytho.

14

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

I?eeiaeaiea A

Ioai?, o?ainii?oe?iaea e o?aiaiea ia?acoeia coaia

1 Oaeaeaiiue o iaoeeaioa ii iaaeeoeeineei iieacaieyi coa eeaaeoo
ia

2-3 /ana a 4%-e ?anoai? oi?iaeueaeaaeaea aeey iaacca?aaeeaaiey e caoai
ii-

iauatho a ioaeaeueioth oa?ioth aieinoue oeia iocu?ueea ec-iiae
iaieoeeeeeia.

Ia?acaoe nii?iaiaeaeaaony aieaoiui eenoii, caiieiaiiui
a?a/ii-noiiaoiei-

aii a niioaaonoaee n I?eeiaeaieai A.

2 I?e ioai?a coaia, ioi?aaeyaiuo ia YI?-aeiceiao?e/aneee aiaeec,

eneeth/athony ia?acoeu coaia n i?aeoe/anee noa?oaeny eee neeueii
iia?aae-

aeaiiie yiaeueth, a oaeaea n onoaiiaeaiiuie ia ieo iaoaeee/aneeie
ei?iiea-

ie. A neo/aa oaeaeaiey o iaoeeaioa ianeieueeeo coaia eo oiaeiauaatho
aian-

oa a iaeiie oa?iie aieinoe.

3 I?e o?ainii?oe?iaea i/a?aaeiuo ia?oee coaia n ianoa ioai?a aei

aiaeeoe/aneie eaai?aoi?ee aeieaeia auoue eneeth/aia eaeay-eeai
aa?iyoiinoue

eo ?aioaaiianeiai i?inaa/eaaiey a i?ioeaaeo?a aaaaaeiiai eiio?iey a
ay?i-

ii?oo.

4 Coau, iinooiathuea a aiaeeoe/aneoth eaai?aoi?eth,
?aeiiaiaeoaony

o?aieoue a oieiaeeeueieea a oa?iuo aieinoyo, caiieiyaiuo
aeenoeeee?iaaiiie

aiaeie. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa ec-ca aunuoaiey coaia iineaaeothuay
i?ioeaaeo?a

iiaeaioiaee i?ia, naycaiiay n ioaeaeaieai yiaee io aeaioeia,
noaiiaeony

cao?oaeieoaeueiie.

15

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

I?eeiaeaiea A

Aieaoiue eeno

(nii?iaiaeeoaeueiue aeieoiaio e oaeaeaiiiio coao, i?aaenoaaeaiiiio

aeey ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai YI?-aeiceiao?e/aneiai aiaeeca)

1. Oaieeey, eiy, io/anoai

2. Aiae ?iaeaeaiey

3. Ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa

4. Ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa a ia?eiae aicaeaenoaey eceo/aiey

5. Oa?aeoa? ?aaiou (i?ioanney) a ia?eiae aicaeaenoaey eceo/aiey

6. Eiathueany naaaeaiey i i?ioanneiiaeueiii iaeo/aiee ii ianoo
?aaiou

7. Naaaeaiey i eieaeueiuo iaeo/aieyo coaia e aieiau (aeaeaeenue ee
e

neieueei ?ac ?aioaaiianeea nieiee) i?e iaaeeoeeineeo ianeaaeiaaieyo
(ii

enoi?ee aieacie e/eee ni neia iaoeeaioa)

8. Ia noaia ?aniieiaeaiey coaia e?oaeeii oeacaoue coa(u),
iai?aaeya-

iua aeey ecia?aiee. Oeacaoue e?anoii ninaaeiea ionoonoaothuea coau,
caac-

aei/eie – coau n ei?iieie (i?ioac)

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

——————————-

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9. Iiia? ?aaeno?aoeeiiiie ea?ou, enoi?ee aieacie

10. Iiia?, na?ey, aeaoa auaea/e (eai auaeai) ianii?oa eee
oaeinoiaa?a-

iey ee/iinoe

11. Iacaaiea (iiia?) iieeeeeieee eee aieueieoeu

12. Oaieeey E.I. a?a/a-noiiaoieiaa

iiaeienue

” ” _ _ _ _ _ 199 a. i.i.

16

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

I?eeiaeaiea A

Ioaeaeaiea yiaee io aeaioeia i?e iiaeaioiaea i?ia CY

Ioaeaeaiea yiaee io aeaioeia inouanoaeytho ianeieueeeie
niiniaaie.

1 Iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiui yaeyaony iaoaie/aneee. I?e iiiiue

ai?iaoeiu ni niaiiuie aeiaciuie aieiaeaie ?acee/iie oi?iu iiae no?oae

aiaeu eee a aaiia iiae aiaeie i?iaiaeyo iieiia oaeaeaiea aeaioeia.

Noaiaiue i/enoee yiaee io aeaioeia eiio?iee?otho aecoaeueii ii eo
ca-

iaoii eiio?anoe?othuaio oeaaoo ia n?aca coaa: a ioee/ea io aaeie yiaee n

aieoaiaaoui eee na?iaaoui iooaieii aeey aeaioeia oa?aeoa?iu iaoiainoue
e

oeaao, iaiiieiathuee oeaao oa?ioiaaoiai aaeiai i?aii?a.

Aua aieaa io/aoeeai oeaaoiaay ?acieoea yiaee e aeaioeia
i?iyaeyaony

ii eo ?acee/iiio naa/aieth i?e i?iniio?a ia?acoea coaa ia aeieoey?iie

onoaiiaea n oeueo?aoeieaoiaie iiaenaaoeie.

2 Aieaa aeeeoaeueiay i?ioeaaeo?a ?acaeaeaiey naycaia n oeie/aneie
ia-

?aaioeie ia?acoeia. Aeey yoiai /anoe ?anieeaiiiai coaa, iie?uoua
yiaeueth,

iia?oaeatho a 30% ?anoai? NaOH e iiaeaa?aatho a iai ia?aaioea
oeueo?acaoeii

a oa/aiea 2-3 /ania. Iinea yoie ia?aaioee aeaioei noaiiaeony iyaeei e

eaaei iiaeao auoue oaeaeai aeiaciui ai?ii ec anao neeaaeie yiaee.

Auaeaeaiiay yiaeue i?ioiaeeo aoi?e/ioth ia?aaioeo oeueo?acaoeii a
30%

?anoai?a NaOH a oa/aiea 10-12 /ania iinea eciaeue/aiey i?iau CY a aaa-

oiaie eee oa?oi?iaie nooiea aei ?acia?ia ca?ia ~ 0,5 ii. Caoai iieo/ai-

iue ii?ioie 8-10 ?ac a oa/aiea 5 ieioo ia?aaaouaatho oeueo?acaoeii a

aeenoeeee?iaaiiie aiaea. Aeey oaeaeaiey iiaa?oiinoiuo aeaoaeoia CY
o?aayo a

10% eaaeyiiie (eee nieyiie) eeneioa 10-20 ieioo. Iinea /aai CY ouaoaeue-

ii i?iiuaatho ianeieueei ?ac a aeenoeeee?iaaiiie aiaea. Iieo/aiiay
i?iaa

CY nooao a aaeooia a oa/aiea ianeieueeeo /ania.

Noieue o?oaeiaieay i?ioeaaeo?a oeie/aneie ia?aaioee CY iicaieyao
oaea-

eeoue i?aeoe/anee iieiinoueth i?aaie/aneoth ninoaaeythuoth ec yiaee.

17

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

I?eeiaeaiea A

Iaoiaeeea ia?aaioee ecia?aiiuo YI?-niaeo?ia yiaee coaia

Ia?aaioeo niaeo?ia YI? a eiiiuethoa?eciaaiiuo niaeo?iiao?ao ino-

uanoaeytho i?ia?aiiiui iooai n iiiiuueth iaeaoa ia?aaaouaathueo
i?ia?aii,

aoiaeyueo a iniiaioth i?ia?aiio oi?aaeaiey niaeo?iiao?ii. Aeey
niaeo?i-

iao?ia n auaiaeii niaeo?ia YI? ia a?aoiiino?ieoaeue eee naiiienaoe
ia?a-

aioeo niaeo?ia?aii inouanoaeytho a?o/ioth. A I?eeiaeaiee A i?eaaaeaiu
oc-

eiaua iiiaiou eae aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiu ia?aaioee, oae e a?aoe-

/aneiai aa?eaioa ia?aaioee niaeo?ia a?o/ioth.

1 Niaeo? YI? caienuaatho oaeei ia?acii, /oiau oe?eia iecei- e au-

nieiiieueiuo o/anoeia niaeo?a, oaeaeaiiuo io noia?iiceoeee niaeo?a
i?aa-

ieee e ?IOe a 3-4 ?aca i?aauoaea oe?eio niaeo?a yiaee.

2 Ia?aae auaiaeii niaeo?a, caienaiiiai a YAI, ia
a?aoiiino?ieoaeue,

naiiienaoe eee i?eioa? niaeo? iiaeaa?aatho ia?aaioea a YAI n oeaeueth
ei?-

?aeoeee aaciaie eeiee I-I’ (ni. ?en.1). Iia?aoeey ei??aeoeee aaciaie
ee-

iee ninoieo a ono?aiaiee aa iaeeiia. Aeey yoiai e aua?aiiiio a niio-

aaonoaee n i.1 niaeo?o (ca eneeth/aieai o/anoea n noia?iiceoeeae niaeo-

?ia ?IOe e i?aaieee) iaoiaeii iaeiaiueoeo eaaae?aoia iiaeaiiytho
iieeiii

aoi?iai ii?yaeea, eioi?ue caoai au/eoatho ec niaeo?a. Ia ?en. A.1
i?aaen-

oaaeai ?acoeueoao auiieiaiey ei??aeoeee.

3 Aeey oiaiueoaiey ooiia yenia?eiaioaeueiue niaeo? iiaeaa?aatho
oeeo?i-

aie oeeueo?aoeee. N yoie oeaeueth eniieuecotho ?aeo?neaiue oeeo?iaie
oeeueo? n

neiiao?e/iie yeniiiaioeeaeueiie eiioeueniie oa?aeoa?enoeeie, eioi?ue
eia-

ao ioeaaie oaciaue naeaea ia anao /anoioao e ia aeaao caaea?aeee
neaiaea.

18

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

Iioeiaeueioth iinoiyiioth a?aiaie oeeueo?a t iiaeae?atho
yenia?eiai-

oaeueii: aeey niaeo?ia ia?acoeia, iaeo/aiiuo aeicie D> 1 A?, t=500 in,
a

aeey D< 1 A? - t=700 in.3.1 A neo/aa ionoonoaey i?ia?aiiu oeeo?iaie oeeueo?aoeee n?aaeiththaiieeooaeo ooia ii?aaeaeytho a?o/ioth ia e?ayo ieceiiieueiuo e aunieiiieue-iuo o/anoeia niaeo?a. Aeey yoiai eniieuecotho e?aaaua o/anoee oe?eiie10-15 An. Aiieeooaeu ooia ecia?ytho io iaeneiaeueiuo aei ieieiaeueiuo cia-/aiee ioeeiiaiee ninaaeieo ieeia.I?iaiaeyo aaciaoth eeieth I-I' (?en.A.1) ii ecia?aiiui n?aaeiei cia-/aieyi aiieeooaeu ooiia. I?iaiaeyo iaeaathuoth anaai niaeo?a yiaee iin?aaeiei cia/aieyi aiieeooaeu ooiia. Ia e?ayo iaeaathuay niaiaaeaao n aa-ciaie eeieae I-I'.4 Iinea oeeueo?aoeee niaeo?a n iiiiuueth ia?aaaouaathueo i?ia?aii ioea-ieaatho aeenia?ney ooia a ieceiiieueiie /anoe niaeo?a, eioi?ay eniieueco-aony aeaeaa aeey ioeaiee ioeaee aiieeooaeu ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai neaiaea.5 Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey aiieeooaeu ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai neaiaea i?iaiaeyo ioaea-eaiea iaeiaeaiiiai ia iaai neaiaea i?aaieee. Aeey yoiai e naiaiaeiiio ioia?ae?uoey o/anoeo niaeo?a i?aaieee (?en.2) iaoiaeii iaeneiaeueiiaii?aaaeiiiaeiaey iiaeaiiytho eeieth Ei?aioea, ioeaieaatho aa ia?aiao?u e i?iec-aiaeyo au/eoaiea ioeaiaiiie e?eaie ec niaeo?a noia?iiceoeee neaiaeia.6 Aiieeooaeu ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai neaiaea ecia?ytho aaoiiaoe/anee a oeene-?iaaiiuo oi/eao n g-oaeoi?aie 2,0025 e 1,9970 e caoai noiie?otho.7 Ii?aaeaeaiea aiieeooaeu ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai neaiaea i?e a?aoe/aneie ia-?aaioea inouanoaeytho a neaaeothuae iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe.7.1 Iaoiaeyo iaeneioi neaiaea i?aaieee e i?iaiaeyo eeieth ia?iaiaee-eoey?ioth e aaciaie eeiee O-O' (eeiey AA_4o_0 ia ?en. A.1); ia iieiaeia aa19AINO ? 22.3.04-95auniou i?iaiaeyo eeieth A_41_0A_41_0A_41_0' ia?aeeaeueioth I-I' aei ia?ana/aiey n iae-aathuae. Ec oi/ae A_41_0 e A_41_0' ia eeieth I-I' iioneatho ia?iaiaeeeoey?u e ec-ia?ytho (a ni) io?acee AN_41_0 e AN_41_0', ionaeaaiua eie ia eeiee I-I'.7.2 Aaee/eio iieooe?eiu ia iieoaunioa _7G_0 ei?aioeianeie eeiee aeeyneaiaea i?aaieee iaoiaeyo n iiiiuueth o?aaiaiey:_42_0 _7|\_7|\ _0x_41_7 _0(_7 G_4 _0 +_7 _0(_7 G?_5 _03_5 _0+_5 _0x_41_0)_52_0)_52_7G? _03 +_7 \\\\\\\\\\\ _0=_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (A.1)_7|\\ _42_7 _0 _7 |\ _0 _7 |\(_7G?_4 _03 + x_42_0)_7 G_4 _7 _0+ (_7 G? _03_7 _0+_7 _0(_7G?_5 _03_5 _0- x_42_0)_52_0)_5 2aaea x_41_0= AN_41_0, x_42_0= AN_41_0'.O?aaiaiea ?aoatho iaoiaeii eoa?aoeee.7.2.1 Iia?aoeeth n iaoiaeaeaieai aaee/eiu _7G_0 iiaoi?ytho aeey ae?oaeo cia-/aiee x_41_0 e x_42_0, aeaey io?acie A_41_0A_4o_0 iiiieai. Iioii aeaeyo /aoaa?oue io?aceaA_41_0A_4o_0 iiiieai e.o.ae.. Iia?aoeeth ii iaoiaeaeaieth cia/aiey _7G_0 i?iaiaeyo ia ia-iaa o?ao ?ac. Iaoiaeyo n?aaeiaa cia/aiea aeey _7G_0.7.2.2 Aeey iaeaeaiiiai n?aaeiaai cia/aiey _7G_0 au/eneytho oi/eo ? (?en.A.1), aaea eeiey i?aaieee aeieaeia auea au ia?ana/ue aaciaoth eeieth I-I' (aneo/aa ionoonoaey niaeo?a ?IOe), a niioaaonoaee n:_7|\A? = _7?_0 3_4 _5._0 _7G_0 (A.2)7.3 Ia aaciaie eeiee I-I' ioeeaaeuaatho io?acie ?I ?aaiue io?aceoA?, ec oi/ee H iioneatho ia?iaiaeeeoey? aei ia?ana/aiey n iaeaathuae aoi/ea I_4o_0, i?e yoii HH_4o_0=AA_4o._07.4 Ia iieiaeia auniou io?acea II_4o_0 ec oi/ee H_41_0 i?iaiaeyo eeieth ia-20AINO ? 22.3.04-95?aeeaeueioth O-O' a iai?aaeaiee oi/ee I (i?ioeaiiieiaeiii iai?aaeaieth?acaa?oee iiey H) e ia yoie eeiee ioeeaaeuaatho io?acie H_41_0D_41_0 ?aaiue io-?aceo A_41_0A_41_0.7.5 Io?acie H_4o_0H_41_0 aeaeyo iiyoue iiiieai, ec oi/ee H_42_0 i?iaiaeyo eeiethia?aeeaeueioth 0-0' a iai?aaeaiee ia?aoiii ?acaa?oea iaaieoiiai iiey H.Iiaoi?ytho iia?aoeeth ii i. 7.1. o?e ?aca.7.6 Iieo/aiiua oi/ee Ho, D_4i_0(i=1-3), P e B_41_0' niaaeeiytho n iiiiuuetheaeaea.7.7 Ia i?yiie O-O' ioeeaaeuaatho io?acie AR, ?aaiue ?annoiyieth iaae-aeo iaeneioiii neaiaea i?aaieee (g=2.0055) e neaiaeii io ?IOe (g=2.0025).Yoi ?annoiyiea aeieaeii auoue ca?aiaa oi/ii ecia?aii ii niaeo?ai ?Y IAeICY.7.8 I?iaiaeyo ia?iaaeeeoey? ec oi/ee R a iaa noi?iiu io I-I' aei ia-?ana/aiey n yeno?aiiee?iaaiiui niaeo?ii i?aaieee (o.R_41_0) e n iaeaathuaeniaeo?a yiaee (o. R_42_0).7.9 Ecia?ytho io?acie R_41_0R_42_0, eioi?ue i?eieiatho ca eneiioth aiieeooaeo?aaeeaoeeiiiiai neaiaea.21AINO ? 22.3.04-95I?eeiaeaiea Ae?an/ao ia?aiao?ia ?aa?anneeIa?aiao?u ?aa?annee (Ni,f) ?ann/eouaatho ii oi?ioeai:_4N_0 _4N_0 _42_0 _4N_0 _4N_7S_0 C_4j_7 S_0 D_4j_0 -_7 S _0 C_4j_0D_4j_7 S _0 D_4j_5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1N_4o_0 = _7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (Ae.1)_4N_0 _42_0 _4N_0 _42N _7S_0 D_4j_0 - (_7 S _0 D_4j_0)_5j=1_0 _5j=1_4N N NN _7S_4 _0 D_4j_0C_4j_0 - _7 S _0 D_4j_7 S _0 C_4j_5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1f = _7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 , (Ae.2)_4N_0 _42 _0 _4 N_0 _42N _7S_0 D_4j_0 - ( _7S_0 D_4j_0)_5j=1_0 _5j=1aaea N - /enei i?iaaaeaiiuo aeiiaeo/aiee.22AINO ? 22.3.04-95I?eeiaeaiea AOi?ia caiene ?acoeueoaoia ecia?aiey?acoeueoaou ecia?aiee aeieaeiu auoue io?aaeaiu a eaai?aoi?iiiaeo?iaea (eee a aeaea i?ioieiea) ii oi?ia, i?eaaaeaiiie a oaaeeoea 1.Oaaeeoea 1Oi?ia caiene ?acoeueoaoia ecia?aiee iiaeiuaiiie aeicu+--------------------------------------------------------------+|NN Iiia? | Iieo/aiiay aeica | N?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneay ||ii ia?acoea | iaeo/aiey, iA? | iia?aoiinoue ecia?aiey || | | aeicu,% |+-------------+---------------------+--------------------------|| | | || | | || | | |23AINO ? 22.3.04-95I?eeiaeaiea AEIaoiaeeea ioeaiee iia?aoiinoe ecia?aiey iiaeiuaiiie aeicu1 Ioiineoaeueioth n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneoth iia?aoiinoue ecia?aiey iiaei-uaiiie aeicu D_4o_0 ii?aaeaeytho ii neaaeothuae oi?ioea:_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_7`_0 _7 _0 _4 _0 _7/` _52_7 _4 ~_5 2_7 _4 _7 ` _52_7s _4r,Do _0=_7 ? s _4r,N_7 _0+_7 s _4r,iie_7 _0+_7 s _4d,D_0 (AE.1)_7`aaea _7s _4r,C_0 - ioiineoaeueiay n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneay iia?aoiinoue ecia?aieyeiioeaio?aoeee ?IOe iaoiaeii YI? aeey aeaiiiai oeia_7 _0niaeo?iiao?a;_5~_7s_0 _4r,iie_0 -ioiineoaeueiay noiia?iay n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneay iia?aoiinoue ecia?aiey aa-ee/ei f e N_4o _0;_7 _5~_7s_0 _4d,D_0 - ioiineoaeueiay nenoaiaoe/aneay ioeaea ecia?aieyaeicu.2 _5~_7s_0 _4r,iie_0 ii?aaeaeytho ii neaaeothuae oi?ioea:_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ _0 _7 |\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_7`_0 _7/ `_0 _42_7 `_0 _42_7 _4 _7 /_4 _0 _42 _0 _42 _0 _42 _0 _42_7s_0 _4r,iie_0 = _7?_0 _7s_0 _4r,f _0+_4 _0 _7s_0 _4r,Co_0 = _7?_0 _7s_0 _4f_7/_0 f + _7s_0 _4Co_0 _7/_0 C_4O_0 (AE.2)aaea _7s_0 _4f_0 , _7s_0 _4Co_0 - aeenia?nee eiyooeoeeaioia f e N_4o_0, ii?aaeaeyaiuo iaoiaeiiiaeiaiueoeo eaaae?aoia._42 23 Aaee/eiu_7 s_0 _4f_7 _0e_7 s_0 _4Co_0 ?ann/eouaatho ii neaaeothuei oi?ioeai:24AINO ? 22.3.04-95_4+-_0 - _42 -+_42_0 _4|_0 D_4 |_0 _4 2_7s_0 _4Co_0 = _4|_0 1/N +_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 _4| _0 S_4 _0(AE.3)_4|_0 _5N_4 - 2 |_4+-_0 _7S_0 (Dj - D_4 _0)_4 -+j_5=1_42_0 +- _5N_4 - 2 _0-+_4-1 2_7s_0 _4f_7 _0=_7 _0|_7 S_4 _0(_4 _0D_4j_0 - D )_4 _0 | _4 _0 S_4 _0(AE.4)_4+-j=1_0 _4 -+_4-_5 _0 _5 ND = 1/N_5 ._7 S_4 _0 D_4j_0 (AE.5)_4j=1aaea N - /enei yenia?eiaioaeueiuo oi/ae ia_5 _0e?eaie_5 _0aeiiaeo/aiey, a S_52_0 _5-inoaoi/iay aeenia?ney, oa?aeoa?ecothuay n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneia ioeeiiaieaio i?yiie aeiiaeo/aiey, iino?iaiiie iaoiaeii iaeiaiueoeo eaaae?aoia. S_52ii?aaeaeytho ii oi?ioea:_5+- _4 _5-+1_4 _5|_0 _4 _5 N_4 2_5 N N |S_52_0 =_7 \\\\\\_0 _5|_0 _7 S_4 _0C_4j_7 _0-_7 _0C_4o_7 S _4 _0C_4j_7 _0-_7 _0f_4 _7S_0 _4 _0C_4j_0 D_4j _5| _0(AE.6)N - 2_4 _5|_0 _4 j=1 j=1 j=1_5 |_5+- _4 _5-+4 Aeey aua?aiiiai cia/aiey aeiaa?eoaeueiie aa?iyoiinoe 100(1-_7g_0 )%ioeaiea niioaaonoaothuaai aeiaa?eoaeueiiai eioa?aaea aeey cia/aiey N_4o_0 eiaaoaeae:25AINO ? 22.3.04-95N_4o_0 - t_7 _5._7 s_4 Co_7 _0<_7 _0C_4o_7 _0<_7 _0C_4o_7 _0+_7 _0t _5 . _7s_4 Co_7 _4 _7 _0 (AE.7)_5N-2;1-g/2_0 _4 _5N-2;1-g/2Ioeaieo a?aieoe aeiaa?eoaeueiiai eioa?aaea aeey f i?iaiaeyo aiaeiae/iiii neaaeothuae oi?ioea:f - t_7 _0 _5._7s_4 f_0 < f < f + t _5._4 _7s_4 f_0 (AE.8)_5N-2;1-g/2_0 _4 _5N-2;1-g/2_7`5 Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey aaee/eiu_7 s_4 r,C_0 eniieuecotho neaaeothuoth oi?ioeo:_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_7` _4 _7/ `_0 _42 _7 _4 _7 _0 _7`_0 _42_7 _4 _7 `_0 _42_7 _4 _7 `_0 _42_7 _5 _7 `_4 _0 _42_7s_4r,C_7 _0=_7 ? s_0 _4r,Aco_7 _0+ _7s_0 _4r,Ae_7 _0+_7 s_0 _4r,Pco_7 _0+_7 s_0 _4r,Pe _0+_4 _02 _4(_7s_4 r,K)_0 (AE.9)_7` _0 _7 _0 _7 `aaea _7s_0 _4r,Aco_7 _0e_7 _0 _7s_0 _4r,Ae_0 - ioiineoaeueiua n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneea iia?aoiinoeecia?aiey aiieeooaeu ?aia?iuo eeiee a ?Y IAeICY e enneaaeoaiie i?iaa, ni-ioaaonoaaiii;_7`_0 _7 `_7s_0 _4r,Pco _0e_7 s_0 _4r,Pe_0 - n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneea ioiineoaeueiua iia?aoiinoeiann iaaanie ?Y IAeICY e enneaaeoaiie i?iau, niioaaonoaaiii;_7`_7s_0 _4r,K_0 - iia?aoiinoue cia/aiee eiyooeoeeaioia oneeaiey niaeo?iiao?a.6 Ioiineoaeueiua n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneea iia?aoiinoe aiieeooaeu ioeei-iaiey io eeiee e ii?aaeaeaiey iannu iaaanie i?iau ii?aaeaeytho yenia?e-iaioaeueii aeey aeaiiiai niaeo?iiao?a ec /enea "n" ia?aeeaeueiuo aiaeeciaii "m" iaaaneai._7 _0 _7s_0 _4r,A_7 _0e_7 s_0 _4r,P_0 ii?aaeaeytho i?e iiiiue neaaeothuaai au?a-aeaiey:26AINO ? 22.3.04-95_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_7/_0 _5 m _4 _5n _0 _5 _42_5 m n_4 _0 _4 2_7/ S _4 _7 _4 _7S _0 C_4ij_7 _0-_7 S _0(_7 S_0 C_4ij_0)_7/_4 i=1 j=1 i=1 j=1_7/ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_7`_0 _7?_0 _7 _0 m (n-1)_7s_0 _4r,A_0 _4eee P_0 = _7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 100 %_5m _4 _5n_0 C_4ij_7S _4 _7 S _0 _7 \\\\\\_0 (AE.10)_4i=1 j=1_0 _5 _0 m n_7`7 _7s_4r,k_0 au/eneytho eae ioiioaiea (k_4p_0 /k_4o_0 ) 100%, aaea k_4?_0- ?aaeueiueeiyooeoeeaio oneeaiey, k_4o_0- iiieiaeueiue eiyooeoeeaio oneeaiey, ii?aaeaeya-iue ii ioeeo?iaea iieacaiee niaeo?iiao?a._7`8 Nenoaiaoe/aneoth ioeaeo ecia?aiey iiaeiuaiiie aeicu _7 s_4d,D_0 ii?aaea-eytho ii oi?ioea:_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_7` / ` _42_7 _4 _7 _0 _7 `_4 2_7s _4d,D_0 = _7?_0 _7s _41,d_0 _4 _0+_7 s _42,d_0 , (AE.11)_7`aaea_7 s _41,d_0 - ioiineoaeueiay nenoaiaoe/aneay iia?aoiinoue ecia?aiey ?YIAeICY; _5~_7s _42,d_0 - ioiineoaeueiay nenoaiaoe/aneay_7 _0iia?aoiinoue ?acoeueoaoiaaiaeeca, iieo/aiiay i?e n?aaiaiee ?acoeueoaoia ecia?aiee aeicu ii yiaeecoaia n aaee/eiie aeicu, ecia?aiiie ae?oaei niiniaii o oiai aea /aeiaaea._7s_0 _42,d_0 ii?aaeaeytho a oii neo/aa, anee anoue aeaiiua aoi?iai iaoiaea.27AINO ? 22.3.04-95_7s_0 _41,d_0 ii?aaeaeytho neaaeothuei ia?acii:- ecia?ytho m ?ac eiioeaio?aoeeth ?IOe a ?Y IAeICY a oneiaiuo aaeeieoeao;- au/eneytho m ?aciinoae d(i) = C_4i_0 - C_4o_0,_4 _0aaea C_4i -_0 ?acoeueoao i-iaiecia?aiey eiioeaio?aoeee ?IOe a ?Y IAeICY, C_4o_0 - ianii?oiia niaea?aeaiea ?IOea ?Y IAeICY;- au/eneytho aaniethoiia nenoaiaoe/aneia ioeeiiaiea_4- _0 _4md =_7 S_0 d_4i_0 /m (AE.12)_5i=1e aaniethoiia n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/aneia ioeeiiaiea d_4i_0 io n?aaeiae ?aciinoe:_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_7`_0 _7/_0 _4 m - 2_7s_0 _4d_7 _0=_7 / S_4 _0(d_4i_0 - d )_4 _0/ (m - 1) (AE.13)_7?_0 _5i=1e ?ann/eouaatho eiyooeoeeaio Nouethaeaioa t_4?an/_0 ii oi?ioea:_7\ |\\\\| d |_7 _5._7 ?_0 mt_4?an/_7 _0=_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (AE.14)_7`_7s_0 _4d?ann/eoaiiia cia/aiea t_4?an/_0 n?aaieaatho n t_4oaae_0 aeey aua?aiiie aeiaa-?eoaeueiie aa?iyoiinoe e /enea noaiaiae naiaiaeu f = m - 1. Anee t_4?an/ _0 t_4oaae_0, oi nenoaiaoe/aneia ioeeiiaiea aeieaeii
o/eouaaoueny a

oi?ioea (AE.11).

28

AINO ? 22.3.04-95

I?e iaee/ee aeaiiuo aoi?iai iaoiaea aiaeece?otho ?acoeueoaou m
i?ia,

ecia?aiiuo iaieie iaoiaeaie (m = 15). Aeey iieo/aiey ioiineoaeueiie
ioeai-

ee oi/iinoe ii?aaeaeaiey aeic ii coaiie yiaee au/eneytho m _4
_0?aciinoae

d(i) = D_41_0(i) – D_42_0(i) , aaea D_41_0(i)_4 _0- ?acoeueoao
ecia?aiee_4 _0ii iaoiaeeea, n

eioi?ie i?iecaiaeeony n?aaiaiea, D_42_0(i) – ?acoeueoao ii?aaeaeaiey
aeicu ii

coaiie yiaee. Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiiuo aeaiiuo au/eneytho aaniethoiia
nen-

oaiaoe/aneia ioeeiiaiea:

_4- _5 _4 m

d =_5 _0 _7S_0 _4 _0d_4i_0/m
(AE.15)

_5i=1

Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiiuo aeaiiuo iia?aoiinoue, ii?aaeaeythuoth
?anoiaeaea-

iea iaoiaeee, au/eneytho ii oi?ioea:

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7` _0 _7 /_0 _5m_4 – 2

_7s_0 _4d_7 _0=_7 / S_4 _0(d_4i_0 – d) _7/_0 (m – 1)
(AE.16)

_7?_0 _4 i=1

Anee t_4?an/_0 < t_4oaae_0 aeey aua?aiiie aeiaa?eoaeueiie aa?iyoiinoe e /eneanoaiaiae naiaiaeu f = m - 1, oi ?anoiaeaeaiea iaaeaeo iaoiaeeeaie iacia/e-oaeueii. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa au/eneytho ioiineoaeueiia nenoaiaoe/aneiaioeeiiaiea:_7` _0 _7 _0 _7 `_4 _0 _4-_7s_0 _4d,D_7 _0=_7 _0(_7 s_0 _4d_7 /_0 d )_5._0100% (AE.17)_7`Iieo/aiiia cia/aiea _7 s_0 _4d,D_0 o/eouaatho a oi?ioea (AE.1).29AINO ? 22.3.04-95OAeEEeth/aaua neiaa: aeiceiao?e/aneee eiio?ieue, iiaeiuaiiay aeica,yeaeo?iiiue ia?aiaaieoiue ?aciiain, coaiay yiaeue, /?acau/aeiayneooaoeey.30AINO ? 22.3.04-95Aee?aeoi? IEEOe ?AEI A.A.Eiaaeaa?oeiaiaeeoaeue neoaeau noaiaea?oecaoeee Y.A.Eeoaeiiaa?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiae?acaeaeaiey-?ac?aaio/eea E.I.Nie?aiiue?oeiaiaeeoaeue ?ac?aaioee A.A.OaaeinaaaEniieieoaeue I.I.?aieiNIENIIEIEOAEEAee?aeoi? EAO E.A.Eeueei?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiae?acaeaeaiey-?ac?aaio/eea I.I.A?eiaa?oeiaiaeeoaeue ?ac?aaioee A.Ae.EeauaieiEniieieoaeue A.A.IieeiCai.aee?aeoi?a AIEEOO?E TH.E.A?aaaaecaIa/aeueiee OeIEI A.I.ss?uia?oeiaiaeeoaeue ?ac?aaioee A.N.EaneiaEniieieoaeue I.I.Eeueaaniaa31AINO ? 22.3.04-95Aee?aeoi? AEIN Iaoeiaoeaa?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiae?acaeaeaiey-?ac?aaio/eea A.I.Iienaaa?oeiaiaeeoaeue ?ac?aaioee I.A.IaeueieeiaCai.aee?aeoi?a OII "O?eoii" A.I.Naieca?ia?oeiaiaeeoaeue ?ac?aaioee A.A.Nie?aiiayEniieieoaeue O.E.Ii?iaeiyeiaa32

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019