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Патентование избирательных программ в контексте формирования концептуального рынка

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OAEOEUeOAO I?AAIAAAeAIEss

EAOAAe?U: 1. AIAEECA E YENIA?OECU I?AAIAUO O*AIEE

2. EIIAIAIOIIAI I?AAIAAAeAIEss

3. I?AAIAIE EIINIE?AOeEE (IEOIOAOIEEE) E

EIINIE?IEIAEE

4. OAOIIEIAEE AAAeAIEss I?AAIAIE AI?UeAU (IIAAeEIEA, AIEIU)

5. IIAUO I?AAIAUO OAOIIEIAEE OI?AAEAIEss

OAIA 32A.7O.: AIOEE?ECENIAss I?IA?AIIA YEIIIIEE,

IIAeA?IECAOeEE E OE?AIEAIEss IAOeEIIAEUeIIE

AACIIANIINOE N 17 IEEO

“IAOAIOIAAIEA ECAE?AOAEUeIUO I?IA?AII

A EIIOAENOA OI?IE?IAAIEss EIIOeAIOOAEUeIIAI ?UIEA”

1. AAAAeAIEA

OeAEE : 1. I?aaeioa?aoeoue ?ac?anoaiea e?eceniuo oaiaeaioeee a
ecae?aoaeueiii i?ioeanna aeey oe?aieaiey iaoeeiiaeueiie aaciianiinoe
?innee.

2. Oaeaoaaeaiea aanniuneaiiie iieeoe/aneie ?aeeaiiie eaiiaiee.
I?EIA*AIEA. I?ia?aiia nii?yaaaony n i?ia?aiiaie EII ON-IEEO:

1. “Ianinoiyoaeueiinoue nouanoaothuae ecae?aoaeueiie nenoaiu”,
?ane?uaathuae oua?aiinoue e ia?aioaaaeueiinoue ecae?aoaeueiie nenoaiu,
?aca?auathuae ianaeaiea e eaiaeeaeaoia iaeiicia/iie onoaiiaeie ia
iiioeeci e aeaiueaiaea?aeaiea a oua?a i?ioanneiiaeecio e iaoeeiiaeueiui
eioa?anai ?innee.

2. “Eiioeaiooaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai a eiioaenoa eiioeaiooaeueiiai
?uiea”, a eioi?ie aeieacuaaaony oiaa?iue noaoon eiioeaiooaeueiuo oi?i
(eiioeaioeee, ecae?aoaeueiuo i?ia?aii, eiaeei-nenoaiiuo oaoiieiaee,
iiiyoee), /oi aea/ao iaiaoiaeeiinoue eo noaiaea?oecaoeee,

niioaaonoaaiii – yenia?oecu,

niioaaonoaaiii – iaoaioiaaiey,

niioaaonoaaiii – caueou eiioeaiooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe,

niioaaonoaaiii – i?ana/aiey ?ani?ino?aiaiey a?aea,

niioaaonoaaiii – na?oeoeeaoeee oiaa?iuo iann.

2. IA?AUE I*AAEAeIUE I?AOeAAeAIO,

IIEACUAATHUEE IAIAOIAeEIINOUe AeAIIIE I?IA?AIIU

Iaiaoiaeeiinoue ouaoaeueiie ?aaiou n eiioeaiooaeueiuie oaoiieiaeyie
iniciaaony ia anaie. Iiiaei eaaeaony, /oi ?aaioa ii oeo/oaieth
ea/anoaa a noieue yoaia?iie iaeanoe, eae iiciaiea , oi?ie?iaaiea
eiioeaioeee (a oii /enea i?ia?aii), – iaaiciiaeia.

Oaeaea iiiaei eaaeaony, /oi a noieue no?iaii ioiioaiee e yoaia?iie
iaeanoe iao ioaeaeu – yoi ieeae ia aeeyao ia aeaaininoiyiea ethaeae.
Iaeiaei yoi ia oae. A yoii oaaaeeo ?aaioa iaae oi?ie?iaaieai ?UIEA
ECAE?AOAEUeIUO I?IA?AII.

Aani?eioeeiiay ecae?aoaeueiay nenoaia ii?iaeaeaao aani?eioeeiiia
o/anoea a iae. Ia?aue ii?ie aa – auaeaeaeaiea ia ia?aue ieai eieaeaea
aianoi i?ioanneiiaeecia.

A /oi oaeia eieaeae? Yoi aiaoiee ia?ac eaiaeeaeaoa, eioi?ue
ca/anooth ia niioaaonoaoao aai niaea?aeaieth. Ai aeanoue i?eoiaeyo
eiiieaenothuea aeeeaioaiou eee aeaiaaeiua iaoee, eioi?ui iaei aeaea aei
ioaeae ia?iaea.

Iaeia ec iaiouaieaiuo ninoaaeythueo eieaeaea – ecae?aoaeueiay
i?ia?aiia, iaienaiea eioi?ie aeaaony ai?ciienoeai, ?aaioathuei ii
i?eioeeio “*aai ecaieeoa”? A eaiaeeaeao ecaieeo eoieoue ia?iae, iiyoiio
aio ioaeii io?aceoue a i?ia?aiia oi, /oi ia?iae eoieo. Yoi i?ienoiaeeo
i?eia?ii oae: “*oi oai o?aaoao ia?iae? Nioeeaeueiie iieeoeee? – Ia
oaaa nioeeaeueioth iieeoeeo – neieueei oi/aoue, oieueei iiaa?ue e
i?iaieinoe”.

ECAE?AOAEUeIUA I?IA?AIIU (ieaooi?iu, aiiinu e i?i/.) noaiiayony
n?aaenoaii iaiaia ethaeae a ia?eiae ecae?aoaeueiuo eaiiaiee.
I?aoeaaeaioia iiiaeanoai. E yoi nei?aa i?aaeei, /ai eneeth/aiea. O
i?aoaiaeaioa ia aeanoue auaeaeaaaony ia ia?aia ianoi ia
aeieacaoaeuenoai naiae eaaeeoeeaoeee, a, eae oeeie/ii aiai?yo a
eoeoa?ao, caaea/a “INAAeEAOUe YEAEOI?AO”.

Aicieeaao aii?in: ia /ai oi?ie?iaaoue iaoeeiiaeueiua i?ei?eoaou? Ia
/oi aeaeaoue noaaee: ia I?ioanneiiaeeci eee Eieaeae?

Eieaeae – oi, /oi iieacuaatho ioaeeea n oeaeueth ne?uoue inoaeueiia.
Ii anee eieaeae iiaeii nuieoe?iaaoue, oi i?ioanneiiaeeci – iao.
Iiyoiio oeaeue – auyaeaiea i?ioanneiiaeecia.

AUAIAeU: 1. Ianiio?y ia iauoth ianinoiyoaeueiinoue e oua?aiinoue
nouanoaothuae ecae?aoaeueiie nenoaiu (ni. “Ianinoiyoaeueiinoue
nouanoaothuae ecae?aoaeueiie nenoaiu” EII ON-IEEO) O?AAOAONss CAUEOA
ETHAeAE IO IIOAIIEEIA A IA?EIAe ECAE?AOAEUeIUO EAIIAIEE oioy au a
iaeiii – a aii?ina AUssNIAIEss NINOIssOAEUeIINOE I?IA?AIIIUO
I?AOAICEE. Iiioeeci – ae/ aeey ?innee a eiioea OO aaea. Yoi noaei
aii?inii iaoeeiiaeueiie aaciianiinoe: inoaiiaeoue eaaeio iiioeecia eee
naiioie/oiaeeoueny eae ia?iaeo.

2. Ae?oaei ciaeii aano?aea nouanoaothuaai i?ia?aiiiiai oai?/anoaa
yaeyaony ii/oe IIEIAss IAIOEE*EIINOUe I?IA?AII. Yoi iauynieii:
i?iaeai no?aiu anai ecaanoiu. Iiyoiio ieoaony, /oi ia?iae aeaaeaeao
oneuoaoue. Oae ieiaeyony i?ia?aiiu-aeeciaoeu – ai?u ieeiio ia ioaeiie
eaeeaie iaeoeaoo?u. I?e yoii iaeoeaoo?a aeene?aaeeoe?oao oi aeinoieiia,
/oi a i?ia?aiiao anoue. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaiaoiaeeia CAUEOA
AeINOIEIUO I?IA?AII IO I?IOI?IU E I?IOAIAOeEE.

I?eia/aiea. I?IOI?IA – i?ienoiaeeo io eaoeineiai neiaa pro forma
(?aaee oi?iu) – aeaeeiinoue, oi?iaeueiinoue. I?IOAIAOeEss – i?ienoiaeeo
io eaoeineiai neiaa profanatio – (ineaa?iaiea nayouie) – eneaaeaiea,
eca?auaiea.

3. II?AAeAEAIEA I?IA?AIIU

I?AAeAUAI?IUA I?IA?AIIU – I?IA?AIIU. Iiyoiio iie iiaeiaaeatho iiae
iauaa ii?aaeaeaiea i?ia?aiiu.

I?IA?AIIA – yoi ieai iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai ?acaa?ouaaiey I?aaeiaoa,
aei iiiaioa auiieiaiey caaeaiiie caaea/e.

Ii aac aeaoo iiiaioia: 1. IINEAAeIAAOAEUeIINOE ?ACAA?OUAAIEss e 2.
iieo/aiey caaeaiiiai ?acoeueoaoa i?ia?aiia ia yaeyaony oaeiaie.

Ionoonoaea yoeo aeaoo eiiiiiaioia aeaeaao i?ia?aiiioth i?aoaiceth
ioeaaie, ianinoiyoaeueiie, i?ia?aiiiui aeaoii.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, i?ia?aiia i?ia?aiia ?iciue. Iie ioee/athony ii
ea/anoao. I?e yoii anoue iiiaiou, eiaaea i?ia?aiiiue i?iaeoeo
ia?anoaao auoue i?ia?aiiiui i?iaeoeoii, a noaiiaeony I?IECAIEUeIIE
OAIOACEAE, AEAOII, N?AAeNOAII EIINIE?AOeEE.

E niaeaeaieth, niaaoneea neiaa?e, auiieiyaoea aincaeac, ia
io?aceee yoiai nouanoaaiiiai iiiaioa a niaea?aeaiee i?ia?aii, iie?aynue
ia iaoi/iue ia?aaiae n a?a/aneiai.

I?IA?AIIA (a?a/. iauyaeaiea, i?aaeienaiea) – ieai iaia/aiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, ?aaio. (Neiaa?ue eiino?aiiuo neia, 1984 a.)

Aeaiiia nu?ia cia/aiea neiaa “i?ia?aiia” aucuaaao aii?inu: 1. Ii/aio
ieai ii?aaeaeyaony /a?ac i?ia?aiio? Aaaeue yoi ?aciua aaue. Anee aea yoi
ia ?aciua aaue, oi ca/ai iaaycuaaoue ycueo oaaoieiaeth, i?ioea
eioi?ie ii anaaaea ai?aony? 2. Yoi ii?aaeaeaiea iiaeao aeeth/eoue naay
ETHAIE IEAIIAUE I?IECAIE.

AUAIAe: Aac ii?aaeaeaiey oiai, /oi aeaeaao i?ia?aiio i?ia?aiiie, –
aac ii?aaeaeaiey NIAeA?AEAOAEUeIIAI EA*ANOAA I?IA?AII – aiai?eoue i
iiiyoee “i?ia?aiia” iaeuecy.

Ia?aoeiny e naiiio neiao.

Iii ninoieo ec aeaoo /anoae: PRO e GRAMMA.

1. PRO – n a?a/aneiai AIA?AAe.

2. GRAMMA – n a?a/aneiai IENUeIAIIUE CIAE, *A?OA, EEIEss.

Eacaeinue au, ia?aaiae ia ?onneee eae “ieai” eee “i?aaeienaiea”
aiieia i?eaieai, anee au ia aoi?ia nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea – /a?oa, eeiey,
eioi?ay a eiaeea anaaaea naycuaaaony n IINEAAeIAAOAEUeIINOUeTH
?ACAA?OUAAIEss OI*EE. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, a neiaa “i?ia?aiia” caeiaeaia
eaeay iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe. Yoi iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony ia?aciaaieai io
neiaa “a?aiia” neiaa “a?aiiaoeea” – ?acaeae ycueiciaiey, eco/athuee
NO?IE (oi anoue iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue e nenoaiiinoue) ycuea. Yoi
oaeaea iiaeoaa?aeaeaao iiaiia?aciaaiea “i?ia?aiie?iaaiea” – nicaeaiea
iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo nenoai n yeaiaioaie naiinoiyoaeueiinoe, io eioi?iai
i?ienoiaeeo neiai “i?ia?aiia” n oai cia/aieai, eioi?ia iu aeaee a
naiii ia/aea ioieoa 3.

Anee iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue e nenoaiiinoue noaiiaeony iniiaiie
niaea?aeaoaeueiie /anoueth i?ia?aiiu, oi aeaaiui aa i?eciaeii noaiiaeony
EIAE*IINOUe, a yenia?oiui iaoaieciii – EIAEEA, a yenia?oii – Iaoiaeieia.

AUAIAe. I?ia?aiia yaeyaony a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue eiioeaiooaeueiui
i?iaeoeoii e iiaeeaaeeo eiioeaiooaeueiie yenia?oeca.

I?EIA*AIEA. Eiaiii iiyoiio yaeyaony niiieoaeueiie iiiuoea
ioi?aaoue i?ia?aiio io eiioeaiooaeueiuo ei?iae e i?aa?aoeoue a
iiioeenoneia cayaeaiea. Aua aieaa niiieoaeueii, eiaaea yoei
iieuecothony niiieoaeueiua ia?niiaaee.

OeEOAOA. Ae. Neiaeia “?aai/ee oeaio? yeiiiie/aneeo ?aoi?i:
i?ia?aiiu iiiiue aaaeiui e aiaaoui” (“I?ioeeue” N 35, 1997 a.):
“Aeaaeeie? Iao: “Ana i?ia?aiiiua aeieoiaiou iuiaoiaai i?aaeoaeuenoaa
?ac?aaaouaaeenue eiiaiaeie Aaeaea?a e *oaaena. Iiyoiio a?yae ee nae/an
aiciiaeii i?aaeeiaeeoue /oi-oi i?eioeeieaeueii iiaia. A aeaiiue iiiaio
ioaeiu ia eiioeaioeee, a ii?iaeueiua aeieoiaiou. Iai?eia?, o ian anoue
i?ia?aiia caueou iaeioueo. Anoue e i?ia?aiia aeey naiuo aiaaouo,
eiaioaiay aeaiaaeiie i?eaaoecaoeeae. A ia?iaeaeathueeny n?aaeiee eeann –
iioaioeeaeueiay iii?a ?uii/iie yeiiiieee – a?ioai ia i?iecaie
noaeueau”.

Aeiiieieoaeueiay eioi?iaoeey. Aeaaeeie? Iao yaeyaony aanniaiiui
iiiiuieeii A.Aaeaea?a ai anao i?aaiao aeanoe, ii “Auai?o ?innee”, ii
Einoeoooo yeiiiie/aneeo i?iaeai ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea. Ii i?inueaa
A.ssneia e A.*oaaena eaoii aa?ioeny ec Aiaeee e aicaeaaee ?aai/ee oeaio?
yeiiiie/aneeo ?aoi?i i?e i?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O. ?iaeeeny a 1959 aiaeo.

4. II?AAeAEAIEA I?IA?AIIIUO AeIEOIAIOIA EAE OIAA?A

I?ia?aiiiua aeieoiaiou (eeai a iieeoe/aneie, eeai a
yeiiiie/aneie noa?ao) anaaaea ianoo a naaa eiioeaiooaeueiua i?eciaee.
Iie no?iyony ia iniiaiiieiaeaieyo, eiatho ii?aaeaeaiiua i?eioeeiu
?acaa?ouaaiey e noiio a?aoiaioia. Iiyoiio i?ia?aiiiua aeieoiaiou
ioiinyony e ?ac?yaeo eiioeaiooaeueiuo oaoiieiaee.

Eae ?acoeueoao eioaeeaeooaeueiiai o?oaea i?ia?aiiiua aeieoiaiou
yaeythony oiaa?ii e, niioaaonoaaiii, iiaeeaaeao noaiaea?oecaoeee,
iaoaioiaaieth e eeoeaice?iaaieth. A yoii ea/anoaa i?ia?aiiiua
aeieoiaiou yaeythony noauaeoii eiioeaiooaeueiiai ?uiea.

I?AOeAAeAIO. Ciaiaieoay iiioeenoneay “iao?eioe/aneay” aeoeey
Iaioeiaa ii ia?anaaeeaaieth anaai aaeieno?aoeaiiai aiia?aoa no?aiu n
eiino?aiiuo iiaeaeae aaoiiiaeeae ia ioa/anoaaiiua eiaao ae?oaiai aaoi?a.
Aaoi?noai aeieoiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaii aua oiaaea, eiaaea Iaioeia
aue ieaeaai?iaeneei aoaa?iaoi?ii. Aaoi? eaeae, iniayiiue, enoaoe,
n?aaenoaaie ianniaie eioi?iaoeee, aeeth/ay naoe?e/aneee aeo?iae
“E?ieiaeee”, aue aeaiooao Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu io 182 ecae?aoaeueiiai
ie?oaa Aeaaeeie? A?eai?eaaee.

Aaoi?noai A?eai?eaaee aeieoiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaii.

IA?AUAIEA

e aeaiooaoai ainoaea?noaaiiie aeoiu ON ?O

“I iiaeaea?aeea ioa/anoaaiiiai oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaey”

Oaaaeaaiua eieeaae!

Ia i?ioyaeaiee aeaoo eao aeaiooaou Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu
nicuaa 1994-1995 aa. iiieii caeiiioai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe aeoeaii
caieiaeenue iieneaie iooae oiaiueoaiey iaoeeiiaeueiiai athaeaeaoa,
?ac?aoaiey e?ecena iaieaoaaeae, iiaeaea?aeee ioa/anoaaiiuo
oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeae.

Ynoaoaoo caaiou i i?ioeaaoaiee ioa/anoaaiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe acyee
ia naay e aeaiooaou Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu nicuaa 1996-1997aa. A
/anoiinoe, 14 oaa?aey aeaiooao AAe Aeaaeeie? A?eai?eaaee e
iiaeaea?aeeaathuay aai a?oiia aeaiooaoia ia?aoeeenue e I?aceaeaioo ?O,
i?aaenaaeaoaeyi I?aaeoaeuenoaa, Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee e Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Aeoiu n o?aaiaaieai ioeacaoueny io eniieueciaaiey aaoiiiaeeae
eiino?aiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa aeey neoaeaaiuo oeaeae. Oiaaea yoo
eieoeeaoeao iiaeaea?aeaee anaai 105 aeaiooaoia. Yoio oaeo ii?aceoaeai e
aiciooeoaeai. Nicaeaaony aia/aoeaiea, /oi inoaeueiuo 345 aeaiooaoia
auae?aee eoi oaiaeii, oieueei ia iaoe ?inneeneea a?aaeaeaia. Ioaeaeueiua
aeaioeooaou io?uoi cayaeee, /oi ioa/anoaaiiay aaoiiiaeeueiay
i?iiuoeaiiinoue ia a ninoiyiee iaania/eoue aunoea ?oeiaiaeyuea i?aaiu
no?aiu ea/anoaaiiuie eaaeiauie aaoiiiaeeyie.

A nayce n iiaeiaiuie cayaeaieyie ia eiy i?aceaeaioa IAI “AAC” aue
iineai aeaiooaoneee cai?in n i?inueaie ?acuynieoue iieiaeaiea aeae a IAI
ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue. Aue iieo/ai ioaao neaaeothuaai niaea?aeaiey:
“…Ia i?ioyaeaiee iiiaeo eao aaoiiiaeee i?iecaiaenoaa IAI “AAC”
ca?aeiiaiaeiaaee naay a oneiaeyo yenieoaoaoeee a ?innee e a no?aiao NIA
n eo/oae noi?iiu, i?aeoe/anee ia onooiay ca?oaaaeiui aiaeiaai i?e aieaa
ieceii o?iaia oeai.

Ia aao cai?in i aiciiaeiinoe iaania/aiey aunoeo i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe aaoiiiaeeyie, eioi?ua ioaa/atho iiauoaiiui
o?aaiaaieyi a nayce n iniauie oneiaeyie yenieoaoaoeee e ianeoaeeaaaiui
eiioeiaaioii.

A ea/anoaa aaciaie iiaeaee IAI “AAC” iiaeao i?aaeeiaeeoue aaoiiiaeeue
AAC 3102 – 12 – 50, n aeaeaaoaeai iiuiinoueth 150 eioaaeeiuo nee,
yeaeo?iiiui ani?uneii oiieeaa ioa/anoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, ioioneiay
oeaia eioi?iai ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue ninoaaeyao 100.550.000 ?oaeae.

E?iia oiai, aaoiiiaeeueiue caaiae “AAC” iiaeao i?aaeeiaeeoue ii
aeaeaieth caeac/eea iaai? aeiiieieoaeueiiai iai?oaeiaaiey,
onoaiaaeeaaaiiai ia aaoiiiaeeue.

A athaeaeao ainoaea?noaa a aeaea iaeiaia io ?aaeecaoeee (aeoeec e
IAeN) n eaaeaeiai aaoiiiaeey AAC-3102-12-50 aac aeiiieieoaeueiiai
iai?oaeiaaiey iaeiaiaua iinooieaiey a athaeaeao niioaaonoaaiii
aic?anooo”. E?iia oiai, i?eia?aoay ioa/anoaaiiua aaoiiiaeee, iu
i?aaeinoaaeyai ?aai/ea ianoa a ?innee, a ia a ca?oaaaeuea.

Auoaeceiaeaiiay eioi?iaoeey aieaa /ai e?anii?a/eai iauyniyao,
/oi iiaoo naaiaeiy ioa/anoaaiiua aaoiiiaeeano?ieoaee. Oaa?aiu, /oi
ioa/anoaaiiua i?iecaiaeeoaee iaaaee oae aea, eae e
aaoiiiaeeano?ieoaee, niiniaiu iaania/eoue aiia?ao I?aceaeaioa ?O,
Ainoaea?noaaiiie aeoiu, Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee, I?aaeoaeuenoaa e
aeaiooaoia ea/anoaaiiie ioa/anoaaiiie iaaaeueth.

A nayce n auoa eceiaeaiiui i?aaeeaaaai aa?iooueny e niaa?oaiii
iainiiaaiiiio cayaeaieth aeaiooaoia Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu a aae?an
aunoeo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe n o?aaiaaieai ioeacaoueny io
eniieueciaaiey aeey neoaeaaiuo oeaeae aaoiiiaeeae eiii?oiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa.

Aeaiooaou

Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu

ON ?O (Ianeieueei aeanyoeia iiaeienae)

Aiia?ao Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu

OI?AAEAIEA

AeIEOIAIOAOeEIIIIAI
IAANIA*AIEss

E CANAAeAIETH

Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu

N 29 “15”05 1996a.

Eia/a aiai?y, Iaioeia eaeath “caeinoaiaae”. A anee o/anoue, /oi ia
yoie eaeaa ca?aaaouaaeny iieeoe/aneee eaieoae, eioi?ue a naaiaeiyoiae
?innee eaa/a anaai i?aa?auaaony a aeaiueae, oi aicieeaao aii?in i
oeiainiaie eiiiainaoeee.

Ii aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeii nicaeaoue oneiaey.

AUAIAe. Iaiaoiaeeii iaoaioiia cae?aieaiea EIIOeAIOOAEUeIIE
NIANOAAIIINOE a aeaea i?ia?aii, i?ia?aiiiuo eaeae, ?ac?aaioie.

I?e yoii aeieaeai auoue aaaaeai iiaue iiaue oei iaoaioiaaiey –
iaoaiooaony eo/oaa, ioa?anuaaaony ooaeoaa. Oi anoue eo/oaa,
ooaa?aeaeaynue, NIEIAAO ooaeoaa. Iaoaiooaony, cae?aieyaony
i?aeiouanoaaiii EA*ANOAI, a ia nianoaaiiinoue.

3. Iacae?aieaiiinoue aaoi?noaa i?ia?aii iicaieyao aeanoyi
iieueciaaoueny eie, eae naieie, iieuecoynue aeanoiui eiioieoaoii.

Yoio iiiaio – aeaei aanueia na?ueaciia. Iineieueeo caei?iaui neeai
ia i?e aeanoe niaa?oaiii iaaiciiaeii noaiiaeony ?aaioaoue n aeanoueth.
Ethaua eaeae e eieoeeaoeau iia aeaeaao naieie e “caioneaao” ca naiei
aaoi?noaii, eniieuecoy eo caoai eae iieeoe/aneee eaieoae.

Anee eaeay ia iiiaaeaao a nianoaaiiinoue aeanoe, iia ia?anoaao
aeaeaaoueny ii ei?eaei?ai aeanoe. N yoei aacia?aceai ioaeii
caeai/eaaoue. Aeanoue yoi ia nianoaaiiinoue, a ?aaaoa a iieueco ia?iaea.
O eioi?iai, enoaoe anoue ia iea/ao aieiaa.

5. IAIAOIAeEIINOUe NOAIAeA?OECAOeEE

I?IA?AIIIUO AeIEOIAIOIA

Aeaaiie i?e/eiie iaiaoiaeeiinoe noaiaea?oecaoeee i?ia?aiiiuo
aeieoiaioia yaeyaony eo /?acau/aeiay aieineiaiinoue, eicoiaiainoue,
iaiainiiaaiiinoue e neaaeiaaiea i?eieoeaiie ecae?aoaeueiie eee aeanoiie
eiiuthieoo?a.

Noaiaea?oecaoeey iiauneo o?aaiaaoaeueiinoue e i?ia?aiiiui
aeieoiaioai eo ninoaaeoaeae. Oaeaea iia iicaieeo ecaaaaoue o.i.
e?aaee eicoiaia, iineieueeo iie aoaeoo cae?aieyoueny ca oai, eoi eo
nenoaiii iainioao.

6. I?IA?AIIA EAE TH?EAeE*ANEEE AeIEOIAIO

Acyoia i?aai i?aaeiieaaaao aaeaeaaoioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue. Ia iiaeao
ioaa/aoue io?aaae ca neiia, ii ca naiiai naay – iaycai.

I?ia?aiia – ia oieueei cayaea ia aeayoaeueiinoue, ii aua e i?aaiaie
aeo: n iiiaioa auianaiey i?ia?aiiu ia ethaee e i?aaeinoaaeaiey yoeie
ethaeueie a ecae?aoaeueiie i?ioeaaeo?a NAIEO I?AA IIAe AeAIIOTH
I?IA?AIIO, iie ai?aaa iio?aaiaaoue ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca acyoua o ieo
i?aaa.

Niioaaonoaaiii, iaiaoiaeeia yenia?oeca ia NIIOAAONOAEA
I?IA?AII AeAssOAEUeIINOE OIAI, EOI ACssE I?AAA O ECAE?AOAEAE.

I?iaeaia eco/aiey I?IA?AIIU n oi/ee c?aiey NIIOIANAIEss AA N
?AAEUeIIE AeAssOAEUeIINOUeTH ECA?AIIIAI o?aaoao ouaoaeueiie ?aaiou,
/oiau ecaaaeoueny io iiioeecia i?ia?aii iaanaaaea.

AUAIAe. Enoiaey ec yniiai iieiaeaiey i th?eaee/aneii niaea?aeaiee
i?ia?aiiu, neaaeoao auaanoe ec oiio?aaeaiey eaoaai?eth IAAUAIEss eae
aacioaaonoaaiioth onoaiiaeo ia iaiai. O?aaiaaiea eee i?inueaa iiaa?eoue
iaauaieyi eaiaeeaeaoa neaaeoao ?anniao?eaaoue eae AeAIAAIAETH (n
a?a/aneiai “iaauaoue aeey ia?iaea”), noaayuoth iiae oaea?
iaoeeiiaeueioth aaciianiinoue ?innee.

Aeaaea anee iaauaiea ia/eiaii oi?ioeie iiaeaeaieyie, aac
eaae?iai-nenoaiiiai niaea?aeaiey iii oaoaeueii ianao ?ac?ooaiea.

I?EIA?. Ia?auaiea ecae?aoaeae a. Io?aaeiia Ee?ianeiai ?aeiia
Eaieia?aaeneie iaeanoe:

OAAAEAAIUA AeAIOOAOU!

Ecae?aynue a aunoee i?aai ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, au iaauaee naiei ecae?aoaeyi ionoaeaaoue eo iniiaiua
aa?aioe?iaaiiua Eiinoeoooeeae ?O i?aaa: ia o?oae, ia?aciaaiea,
iaaeeoeeineoth iiiiuue, iaoa?einoai e aeaonoai, nioeeaeueioth
iaania/aiiinoue.

Naaiaeiy ?aaeueiua oneiaey aeecie canoaaeytho ian cayaeoue – “Au
iaiaioee ian”. ….

(Neaaeoao ia?a/eneaiea eioia?ia nia?aiaiiie aeecie e o?aaiaaiey
eciaieoue neooaoeeth.) …

A neo/aa iaauiieiaiey iaoeo o?aaiaaiee inoaaeyai ca niaie caeiiiia
i?aai ia aeoeee a?aaeaeaineiai iaiiaeiiaaiey.

I?eiyoi ia nia?aiee ecae?aoaeae a. Io?aaeiia 30 yiaa?y 1997 aiaea”.

I?eia/aiea. Yoi ia?auaiea i?ioei /a?ac aiia?ao Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Aeoiu e auei ?icaeaii aeaiooaoai 4.02.97 a.

Anoaaea. Ecae?aoaeue a yoii neo/aa – aeaieiay aea?oaa!
Nia/aea aea?oaa eae iaiaiooue iaauaieyie e iaaeaaeaeaie, caoai – eae
/aeiaae, eaeouee ia i?anooieaiea.

AII?IN. Iaoaeaee iaeuecy inoaiiaeoue i?iecaie ecae?aoaeueiie
aaeoaiaeee?

IOAAO. Iiaeii. Ia?aue oaa – AINO?AAIAAIEA IAINIIAAIEss E
IOAAONOAAIIINOE CA EAAEAeIA NEIAI o oao, eoi eaeao ai aeanoue.

NINOAAEssTHUEA IIIOEENONEIE I?IA?AIIU

*oi aeieaeii auoue ii ii?aaeaeaieth:

1. Eicoiaiaua cayaee.

2. Eiioeaiooaeueiua (ionoue naiua i?eieoeaiua) iniiaaiey i?ia?aiiu.

3. Iieiaeaiey i?ia?aiiu.

4. Oaoiieiaey ?aaeecaoeee.

A nia?aiaiiie aea iiioeenoneie i?aeoeea i?ia?aiia ia?aie/eaaaony
icao/eaaieai 1 e 2 ioieoia, e ioeacuaaaony aiai?eoue i 4. Ii yoi aea
naiia aeaaiia!

I?aaenoaaueoa, /oi iaeoi ai?y/i iaauaao: “Ainiiaea, caao?a
ninoieony iie iieao ia Eoio”. O eiai ia aicieeiao aeaeaiey neacaoue, /oi
ii oioae au a yoii oaeinoiaa?eoueny. Ii/aio iao iaoaiecia I?IAA?EE IA
NINOIssOAEUeIINOUe I?IA?AII EAIAeEAeAOIA IA AEANOUe? AAAeUe AEANOUe
AeAEI NA?UeACIIA, io iaa iiiaia caaeneo!

7. IOAeAE YENIA?OECU, IAOAIOIAAIEss, EEOeAICE?IAAIEss

ECAE?AOAEUeIUO OAOIIEIAEE, I?IA?AII, IEAOOI?I,

EICOIAIA, AeAAECIA, AeAssOAEUeIINOE ECA?AIIUO EEOe

EINOEOOOA IIAeA?IECAOeEE ON

Ia iniiaaiee “Aii?ee nouanoaothuae ecae?aoaeueiie nenoaiu” Oeaio?
noaaeo aii?in ia ioaaonoaaiiinoe iieeoe/aneeo i?aaiecaoeee, ioaeaeueiuo
eaiaeeaeaoia a aeaiooaou ?aciuo o?iaiae e niaoeeaeecaoeee
(aaeieieno?aoeaii-eniieieoaeueiay eee caeiiiaeaoaeueiay aeanoe) ca
i?iaiaeeioth eie i?aaeauai?ioth aaeoaoeeth e ?aeeaio.

Ioaeae iniiauaaaony a naiae i?aeoeea ia oaaea?aeueiua caeiiu i
?aeeaia, ia eioi?iaoeee, caueoa i?aa iio?aaeoaeae.

IAUAss CAAeA*A ioaeaea – iio?aaiaaoue IAINIIAAIEss eaaeaeiai neiaa,
iiiyoey, oacena a ecae?aoaeueiuo aeieoiaioao (ieaooi?iao, i?ia?aiiao,
eicoiaao, iaia?aieyo e o.i.) EO OAOIIEIAE*ANEEI NIAeA?AEAIEAI (o.a.
aeaoue /aoeee e ?acaa?iooue ioaao ia aii?in EAE?).

Aeey yoiai nicaeaaony YENIA?OIUE NIAAO, ?anniao?eaathuee
NIIOAAONOAEA neacaiiiai (iioaeeeiaaiiiai) e IAINIIAAIIIAI ia?oeae eee
eaiaeeaeaoii.

Yenia?oiue niaao oi?ie?oaony ia eiieo?aioiie e eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiie
iniiaa a OeAIO?A EAeAIEIAI-NENOAIIIAI IIAAeEIEA.

Oaoiieiaee, i?ioaaeoea yenia?oeco, iaoaioothony a iaoaioiii
ath?i OeAIO?A e caueuathony aei eeeaeaeaoeee eo aaoi?ii eee iinea
i?aaeinoaaeaiey aieaa eiieo?aioiniiniaiuo oaoiieiaee, aeathueo aieueoea
iainiiaaiey ecae?aoaeueiui oacenai.

I?EIA?U AINO?AAIAAIIINOE TH?EAeE*ANEIAI AIAOAOAEUeNOAA

AeEss IOeAIEE ECAE?AOAEUeIUO CAssAEAIEE

Eicoia “I?aaaea e ii?yaeie” A Eaaaaey. Ieeeeiiu ethaeae oioaee au
ociaoue, eaeia niuneiaia e oaoiieiae/aneia niaea?aeaiea noieo ca yoeie
neiaaie.

“ss i?eoae aeaoue aai aieth” ssaeeineiai. Anoue ee o ssaeeineiai
oi, n /ai ii “i?eoae”? Iiyoue aea ieeeeiiai ethaeae eioa?anii, *UeTH
aieth i?eoae aeaoue ssaeeineee? (Aeiiieieoaeueiui aii?inii yaeyaony
i?iaeaia aaoi?noaa eicoiaa, i?eienuaaaiiai Noaiaio ?aceio, e
eniieueciaaiiiai aeaeaei ia n iiioeenoeie caaea/ae Ooeoeiui a
iaeiieiaiiie iiaanoe)

Iaeiecaanoiue eaiaeeaeao a Ain.Aeoio ii 199 EI Nieiaueaa Aeaenaiae?
Ai?eniae/ ia?aui ioieoii i?ia?aiiu noaaeo “Aa?iooue ?innee aueia
aaee/ea”. Ana aoaeoo eiia/ii aea “ca”, ii – EAE? e aaea e?eoa?ee,
ne?uoue ca neiaii “aueia”?

O eaiaeeaeaoa io “ssaeiea” ii oiio aea 199 ie?oao Eunaiei
Aeaaeeie?a ia?aay no?i/ea i?ia?aiiu – “caeiiiinoue e i?aaiii?yaeie”.
Iiae yoei iiaeieoaony ana ?acoiiia ianaeaiea no?aiu. Ii aac
i?aaeinoaaeaiey OAOIIEIAEE yoio oacen ia aieaa /ai aeao.

Ia aiooathony eaiaeeaeaou e naiui iaaeuie cayaeaie. Iai?eia?, a
1996 ia aiecaea ai?iaea ?ycaie aenae oeea?iue ieaeao n iaaeienueth:
“Ainnoaiiaeth ni?aaaaeeeainoue. Iaaaaeo ii?yaeie. Ieeaoei Aeeoi?
Aaneeueaae/”.

Iaaiaeieea yoe?iia i?ino?ainoai oi?aeanoaaiii-iao?eioe/aneay
?eoi?eea “ie i /ai”, eioi?ie neacaoue ii nooe ia/aai, ca eioi?ie
noieo oieueei iaeii – aeaeaiea i?inoi e aac caoae IAIEAAIEOUe
ecae?aoaey: “Neeueiay ?inney – ii?yaeie a no?aia, aeinoaoie a naiuea”
(EAeI?, Ceaoiono, A. Eeiaa).

Aeaeaa, eae iiaeao “Ia ia neiaao, a ia aeaea caaioeoueny i
iiae?anoathuai iieieaiee e ethaeyo noa?oaai aic?anoa” /aeiaae aac
niaoeeaeueiiai ia oi ia?aciaaiey e aaeeioe?othueeny a ai?iaeneie Niaao
– i?aai aac ?aaeueiuo iieiiii/ee? “Ia aeaea” – yoi eae, anee ia aoaeao
a ?anii?yaeaiee ie n?aaenoa, ie eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, a oieueei
IAeEI AeAIOOAONEEE AIEIN – oi anoue eiaiii NEIAI, io eioi?iai
eaiaeeaeao ioe?aueaaaony?

Aeaeaa, eaeia ioiioaiea iiaeao auoue e ea?eeeiaiio e
iaeiaeeyoaeueiiio ia?aciaaieth I?AN (ia i?ioaaeoaio, enoaoe, a Aeoio a
1995 aiaeo), cayaeythuaio a i?aaeauai?iii ?aeeaiiii eenoa /oi I?AN
iaoiaeeony “a oeaio?a iieeoeee”? Neacaiiia aeey e?aniiai neiaoea “A
oeaio?a nienea, a oeaio?a iieeoeee” – eaeeai ii niaea?aeaieth.

Iaeiiaoe, ia no?aio ia?ooeeanue ianna oaiaineeo iieeoe/aneeo
caeeeiaiee, eioi?ua ea?atho noaoai ciiae?othuoth ?ieue:

“Neaaeeoa “iao” eeaaaoa e iaiai?ai

Neaaeeoa “aea” auieaoa ca?ieao e iainee,

aeinooiiui oeaiai ca aeeeuea,

o?ainii?o e eaea?noaa!

Ana au ie/aai, anee au yoe “ianie” iae ia ecaanoiue
“i?eaaoecaoi?” *aeyaeineie iaeanoe Aeaaeeie? Aieiaeaa! (“Aeoeeiia?”,
1996, N 22).

A aio aaeoaoeeiiiue eenoie n i?ioaaeoeo 14 ai?aey 1996 aiaea
auai?ia a Naa?aeeianeoth Iaeanoioth Aeoio. Aa ecaioiaeei aaeaa
ia?aciaaaoaany ecae?aoaeueiia iauaaeeiaiea “Ai?iicaaiaeneie O?ae”,
o/?aaeaeaiiia iaeanoiuie ioaeaeaieyie yeieiae/aneiai aeaeaeaiey “Eaae?”,
Ia?oee naiioi?aaeaiey o?oaeyueony, aeaeaeaiey “Aa?iiiey e aeinoieinoai”.
A eenoiaea, auiouaiiie, enoaoe, iaiaeui oe?aaeii, /a?iui ii aaeiio
iaia/aoaii neaaeouaa: “Ca?aaioatho caaiaeu – nieceony aac?aaioeoea –
iaiieiyony athaeaeaou – ?aaoey?ii noaiao auaeaaaoueny ca?ieaoa –
iiaunyony iainee e iiniaey – ea/anoaaiiay iaaeeoeeia e ia?aciaaiea
noaioo aeinooiiuie eaaeaeiio – aeinoieiay aeeciue noaiao
?aaeueiinoueth”. Oi anoue anee caao?a i?eaeao ai aeanoue
“Ai?iicaaiaeneie O?ae” – oi iu ana iieo/ei!

Iaoaeaee iaeuecy inoaiiaeoue yoo aacioaaonoaaiioth eiaeue? Iaoaeaee
iaeuecy iio?aaiaaoue iainiiaaiey yoeo cayaie /a?ac noae?

Aacaeia oaa?e/aneeo iaauaiee, ia iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiuo aeaaea
iiaa?oiinoii, iaiiieiaao ecaeaaaoaeueneoth ea?o a eioee-iuoee. “Iuoea”
ia ioaeai aanue yoio oaao?, ii o iaa anoue ecae?aoaeueiia i?aai,
eioi?ui ana ?aaii eoi-oi ainiieuecoaony: anee ia ou, oi oa, eoi n/eoaao
aieina. Oioy aii?in i cein-oiuo iiaeoaniaeao /enoi oaoie/aneee e a
iaoai neo/aa ia i?eioeeieaeueiue, naiay aiciiaeiinoue eo aeoaiei
oa?aeoa?ia – io ecae?aoaeueiie i?ioeaaeo?u aaao o?aae/aneie
oaoaeueiinoueth: /oi au ou ie aeaeae, ou ie/aai ia naeaeaaoue.
Aeaaea ia niiaeaoue ni?ineoue iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey eicoiaai, a oae oai
aieaa i?eaea/ue ca ieo e ioaaonoaaiiinoe.

Ia eaeii iniiaaiee aiiaua neiai “iaauaiea” eniieuecoaony a
ecae?aoaeueiuo i?ioeaaeo?ao? Ioeoaea yoa ia?aiauoiay iaua?iay
ieoeiaiaueia a ?aoaiee na?ueaciaeoeo i?iaeai, eanathueony anaai
ia?iaea? Ii/aio AeAIAAIAIA (n a?a/aneiai – iaauathuee ia?iaeo) ieeoi ia
noaaoeo ca ycue?

AeAIAAIAEss – CIAE ?ANIAAeA: IIEIAss AeAAAEUeAAOeEss NEIAA E AeAEA.

A ?aniaae – oa?ica iaoeeiiaeueiie aaciianiinoe ?innee.

8. EIAEEA YENIA?OECU

OeAEUe – auynieoue, ANOUe EE IA NAIII AeAEA I?IA?AIIA (ieaooi?ia,
?ac?aaioee) e caoai i?iaa?eoue aa ia niaea?aeaiea e ninoiyoaeueiinoue.

Aeai?eoi yenia?oecu.

Aeai?eoi yenia?oecu caeeth/aaony a ioaaoa ia /aou?a aii?ina ii
ioiioaieth e eaaeaeiio I?aaeiaoo.

1. *OI?

2. CA N*AO *AAI?

3. IA EAEII INIIAAIEE?

4. A EAEIE IA?A?

I?IA?AIIA EAE IIAEAEAIEA, CAssAEA – n?aco ieacuaaaony ca ai?oii
yenia?oecu e iiaeao iacuaaoueny oieueei oae: “iie /ayiey aeey aan”, “iie
ee/iua iaia?aiey aeey iauae iieuecu”. Ia aieaa oiai.

A yoii niunea iiaeiaiay ianoaiiay ienaieia iacuaaoueny i?ia?aiiie
ia iiaeao.

I?EIA? YENIA?OECU. N. Aeacueaa “Iieoi?a aiaea a Aeoia” (I, 1995
a.):

“Iaeiiiaoaioiinoue e aacioaaonoaaiiinoue

(Aiaeec I?ia?aiiu i?aaeoaeuenoaa

“?aoi?iu e ?acaeoea ?inneeneie yeiiiieee a 1995-1997 aiaeao”)

OACEN. Oae iiaeii e?aoei ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue iaia?iaeiaaiioth
iaeiiaoe i/a?aaeioth I?ia?aiio i?aaeoaeuenoaa “?aoi?iu e ?acaeoea
?inneeneie yeiiiieee a 1995-1997 aiaeao”. Iia niaea?aeeo iaei
iiaiai ii n?aaiaieth n i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuie ?ac?aaioeaie iineaaeieo
eao e oaeoe/anee i?iaeieaeaao /a?aaeo aacioaaonoaaiiuo e ie/ai ia
iainiiaaiiuo iaauaiee. Ia i?eoiaeeony niiiaaaoueny, /oi a ?acoeueoaoa
aa ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeieaeaony aeaeiaeono?eaeecaoeey, aeaa?aaeaoeey e
naeaoea yeiiiieee, noaaoea oaea i?eau/iuie niooieeaie i?iaiaeeiie
yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeee.

AeIEACAOAEUeNOAI . …Ainoaea?noaaiiay Aeoia niaianoii n
i?aaeoaeuenoaii iio?aoeea aeaa ianyoea ia ooi/iaiea iniiaiuo iieacaoaeae
i?iaeoa oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa. A ?aoaiee niaeaneoaeueiie eiiennee
i?aaeoaeuenoai ooi/ieei i?aaeaa?eoaeueioth ioeaieo iniiaiuo ia?aiao?ia
i?iaiica nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
ia 1995 aiae. Niaeanii yoiio ?aoaieth, iauai AAI i?iaiice?iaaeny ia
o?iaia 930-1000 o?ei. ?oaeae, n?aaeiaiany/iue o?iaaiue eioeyoeee –
2,5-3%, niaae i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa – 10-15%, niaae eiaanoeoeee –
8-13%. A i?iaeoa aea I?ia?aiiu ?a/ue oaea eaeao i niaaea AAI ia 5%,
iauaia i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa ia 7% e o?iaia eioeyoeee a ia?oa ia
aieaa 6-8% a ianyoe. Ai aoi?ii iieoaiaeee n?aaeiaiany/iua oaiiu
eioeyoeee ia aeieaeiu i?aauneoue 1-2% a ianyoe. Ae?oaeie neiaaie,
ia?aeeaeueii n i?ioeannii ooaa?aeaeaiey athaeaeaoa a Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Aeoia e a Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee i?aaeoaeuenoai a i?iaeoa I?ia?aiiu
nei??aeoe?iaaei iieiaeaiiua a aai iniiao iieacaoaee yeiiiie/aneiai
?acaeoey ia 1995 aiae. Iaeiaei e eo auiieiaiea ia?aaeueii. Oaeoe/anee
eioeyoeey a yiaa?a ninoaaeea 17,8%, a oaa?aea – 11,0% e a ia?oa – 9,0% a
ianyoe. O/eouaay eioeyoeeiiiue iaaan yiaa?y-ia?oa yoiai aiaea, a oaeaea
oaiaeaioeee yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey, n?aaeiaiany/iue o?iaaiue eioeyoeee
a 1995 aiaeo aoaeao ai?acaei auoa i?iaiice?oaiuo
i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuie yeiiiienoaie 4-5% a ianyoe.

I?e oaeie ei??aeoe?iaea aaeiaie aioo?aiiee i?iaeoeo ca 1995 aiae
aeieaeai ninoaaeoue ieiei 1500 o?ei. ?oaeae aianoi 930-1000 o?ei.
?oaeae, a aeioiaeu eaciu i?e o?iaia iaeiaiauo iinooieaiee a 14,5% e AAI
– ieiei 225 o?ei. ?oaeae aianoi 175,16 o?ei. ?oaeae, i?eiyouo a
athaeaeaoa. Oaeei ia?acii, a aeioiaeiie /anoe athaeaeaoa ia o/oaii ieiei
50 o?ei. ?oaeae. Ia o/oaia e iaiaoiaeeiinoue oaaee/aiey ?anoiaeia.
Yoi – n o/aoii i?aaeaeueii oiaiueoaiiuo athaeaeaoiuo ?anoiaeia –
icia/aao iaaeioeiaine?iaaiea ii/oe a aeaa ?aca anao caieaie?iaaiiuo
cao?ao. Oaeiai ?iaea iaoi/iinoe i?inoeoaeueiu
nooaeaioai-aeeieiiieeai, ii ia i?ioanneiiaeai, ?aaioathuei a
i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuo aaaeiinoaao, – ca eo ioeaee ?aniea/eaathony ieeeeiiu
ethaeae, eioi?ua ia iieo/atho aia?aiy ca?ieaoo, oa?ytho ?aaioo ec-ca
auioaeaeaiiuo inoaiiaie i?iecaiaenoaa.

Iau/ii a ii?aaaeaiea naieo ioeaie ioaaonoaaiiua ca yeiiiie/aneoth
iieeoeeo /eaiu i?aaeoaeuenoaa nnueathony ia iaaiciiaeiinoue oi/iuo
i?iaiicia a oneiaeyo ianoaaeeueiinoe ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea. Caiaoei,
/oi i?iaiiciua ioeaiee aa?iyoiuo iineaaenoaee caieaie?iaaiiie
i?aaeoaeuenoaii iieeoeee ia 1994 aiae, naeaeaiiua a Eiieoaoa ii
yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeea Ainaeoiu, iieiinoueth iiaeoaa?aeeeenue.
I?iaiicu, ?ac?aaaouaaaoeany a Einoeoooa i?iaiice?iaaiey Aeaaeaiee iaoe,
iaeciaiii iiaeoaa?aeaeaeenue ana yoe aiaeu. Oae /oi i?e/eiu
iinoiyiiuo a?oauo ioeaie a ieaie?iaaiee yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeee –
ioithaeue ia a iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea. I?e/eiu eaaeao
a ioeai/iuo ?aoaieyo, aieueoay /anoue ec eioi?uo i?eieiaeanue
niciaoaeueii, aii?aee iiaieth niaoeeaeenoia e aeaaea cae?aaiio niuneo.

I/eiaoe?aoaeuenoai eee a?aae noianoaaeoaai?

AUAIAe – IEEO. …I?ia?aiia i?aaeoaeuenoaa ia?aeaao ian ia
aeaoe?aoiia nie?auaiea yeiiiieee e ianniaoth aac?aaioeoeo. A ni/aoaiee
n cae?aieaieai oaiaeaioeee eiaeono?eaeecaoeee e oaeoe/aneie
eeeaeaeaoeeae nianoaaiiiai iao/iiai e eiaanoeoeeiiiiai iioaioeeaea yoi
icia/aao aoyaeaaiea yeiiiieee a aeeeoaeueioth aeoaieoth aeai?anneth,
auoiae ec eioi?ie aoaeao i?ienoiaeeoue oeaiie aeaa?aaeaoeee e naeaoey
ia?aaaouaathuae i?iiuoeaiiinoe, a oaeaea nieaeaiey /eneaiiinoe ianaeaiey
e aeaeaaeeoeeaoeee ethaeae”.

9. IIEEOE*ANEAss ?AEEAIA A EIIOAENOA “CAEIIA I ?AEEAIA”

?aeeaia – iia a ethaie oi?ia ?aeeaia, o.a. e?aoeay cayaea ia
ninoiyoaeueiinoue: i?iaeoeoeee, oneoae, iaia?aiey. Iia oieueei
IACUAAAO oi, /oi anoue, iia oieueei I?ECUAAAO iiciaeiieoueny n
iaee/eai i?iaeoeoeee, oneoa e i?i/.

A ethaie iiiaio ?aeeaio iiaeii i?iaa?eoue ia NIIOAAONOAEA. Anee
?aeeaia ia niioaaonoaoao i?iaicaeaoaieyi, neaaeotho naieoeee.

I?ia?aiiiue EICOIA aac niiiaiey eiaao i?eciaee ?aeeaiu –
eicoia i?eaeaeaao aieiaiea e iaiaeaao ia aieueoea aeaaa i?e
eniieueciaaiee i?iaeoeoeee. Ii – ia?aaeien – iieeoe/aneay ?aeeaia
ia aea/ao IEEAEIE IOAAONOAAIIINOE!

N yoei aano?aeii neaaeoao caeai/eaaoue.

AUAIAe. ?aeeaia aeieaeia niioaaonoaiaaoue I?ia?aiia. Oieueei
cae?aieaiiia yenia?oecie iaee/ea i?ia?aiiu eae oiaa?a iicaieyao
i?iaiaeeoue ?aeeaiioth aeayoaeueiinoue.

Ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca IAAeIA?INIAANOIOTH IIEEOE*ANEOTH ?AEEAIO
aeieaeiu o?aaiaaoue ii anae no?iainoe niaoeeaeueii nicaeaiiua aeey
yoiai IAUANOAAIIUA EIIEOAOU.

10. I?IA?AIIA EAE AECIAN-IEAI,

I?AAeAEU I?IA?AIIIUO I?AOAICEE

I?ia?aiia ii niaea?aeaieth i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oaeoe/anee
aecian-ieai: aac ii?aaeaeaiey, ca /ae n/ao aoaeao ?aaeeciauaaoueny
i?ia?aiia, iia ianinoiyoaeueia. Aeaei yenia?oecu – auynieoue yoi. Ii
aeaeii yenia?oecu yaeyaony e auyniaiea oiai, EOI I?IOANNEIIAEUeII
AOAeAO INOUANOAEssOUe I?IA?AIIO. Eia/a aiai?y, ethaie i?aoaiaeaio ia
ethaoth oi?io aeanoe aeieaeai i?aaeinoaaeoue EIIIAOAIOIOTH,
i?ioaaeooth yenia?oeco, a?oiio i?ioanneiiaeia, eioi?ua niiniaiu aoaeoo
?aaeeciaaoue I?ia?aiio.

Anee aea eaiaeeaeao iaeei, oi aai i?ia?aiia ia iiaeao auoiaeeoue
ca i?aaeaeu aai /anoiie eiiiaoaioiinoe. No?aiii cao/ao “i?ia?aiiiua”
cayaeaiey /anoiiai eaiaeeaeaoa-eiaeaia?a i oii, /oi ii ”noaiao
ainnoaiaaeeaaoue”caeiiiinoue e i?aaiii?yaeie” eee
eaiaeeaeaoa-i?iiuoeaiieea, /oi ii eci anao nee “aoaeao caaioeoueny i
eoeueoo?a”. Iiaeao auoue, iiiuneu aeaei iaieioia , ii i?e/ai caeanue
i?aai, o?aaothuee i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iiaeoiaea? Ieeoi aaaeue ia ia?auaao
aieiaiey ia iiaeaeaiey /aeiaaea aeaeaoue oi?ioea aeaoaee, iiea ii ia
aeieaaeao, /oi ii oiea?ue.

I?aaeaeu i?ia?aiiiuo i?aoaicee, aiieia anoanoaaiii, ia iiaoo
auoiaeeoue ca i?aaeaeu IEAIE?OAIIE EIIIAOAIOeEE. Oi anoue i?aoaicee
a ianooaaa ai?iaea ia iiaoo iicaieyoue naaa i?ia?aiiiuo iieiaeaiee,
aeey ?aaeecaoeee eioi?uo ia oaaoeo e e?aieaaneeo iieiiii/ee

11. EOI IOAAOEO CA *EAIA IA?OEE?

Ia?oeeiue neiae?ii ioaaoee no?aio. Aai eicoia – “Ionoue aeo?ae,
ii naie” iinoaaee ?inneth iiae nenoaiiue oaea?: eaeoth au nenoaio ie
nicaeaee o/aiua-nenoaiueee – anoue ia?oey, o iaa naie eioa?anu,
/anoue ioiaee?a, iiyoiio I?IOANNEIIAEECI IAEIOA?ANAI, EIOA?ANIA
IA?OEEIINOUe.

Ii ia oieueei ia?oee ioaa/aiu yoei neiae?iiii. Ethaay
a?oiie?iaea ii eioa?anai e aeaiueaai ei ?oeiaiaenoaoaony: “Ii, eiia/ii,
noeei nui, ii yoi IAO noeei nui”.

*eai ia?oee aeieaeai ioaa/aoue ca i?ia?aiio ia?oee, a ia?oey – ca
ianinoiyoaeueiinoue naiaai /eaia. Eia/a aano?ae: ia?oey onaaeeaaao
naiaai /eaia a e?anei, a ii iieuecoaony yoei, eae iaiieaii/ee!

Aaaeue aeioei aei oiai, /oi ia aii?in “Ia eiai au ?aaioaaoa?” ioaao
“Ia ?inneth“ aucuaaao e?aeiaa iaaeioiaiea e ni/oanoaea.

AUAIAe. *eai ia?oee aeieaeai ianoe ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca i?ia?aiio
naiae ia?oee (aeaeaeaiey, iauaaeeiaiey e i?i/.) oae aea, eae ia?oey (eee
ecae?aoaeueiue aeie) ianoe ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca naiaai eaiaeeaeaoa.

EINOEOOO IIAeA?IECAOeEE O?EIEOA?IIAI NIAI?A

IOE?UAAAO IAOAIOII-YENIA?OIOTH NEOAEAO

E I?AAeEAAAAO NIO?OAeIE*ANOAI AeEss ENI?AAEAIEss IIEIAEAIEss A
ECAE?AOAEUeIII I?IOeANNA

I?EIA*AIEA. I?IA?AIIA IIE?AAONss IA OAAeA?AEUeIUA CAEIIU “I ?AEEAIA” E
“CAUEOA I?AA IIO?AAEOAEss”.

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