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Iauay /anoue A?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa.

Oaia 1. Iiiyoea ,i?aaeiao, iaoiae e nenoaia A?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa.

Oaia 2. Enoi/ieee A?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia i?aai Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia /anoiia i?aai

neiiieiu ioaee/iia (iauaa) a?aaeaeaineia

i?aaeiao iaaeainoaea?noaaiiua ioiioaiey (iieeoeea, yeiiiieea)
iaaeaeoia?iaeiua eiouanoaaiiua e ee/iua iaeiouanoaaiiua ioiioaiey

noauaeou ainoaea?noaa, ia?iaeu a?aaeaeaia , th?eaee/aneea eeoea,
ainoaea?noai

enoi/ieee aeiaiai?u aeiaiai?u, caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai

iniiaiua eiioeaioeee ae?aaiaa. aieaa iieiaeay io?aneue, yoi ninoaaiay
/anoue a?aaeaeaineiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa

TH?eaee/aneea eeoea

Eiiia?/aneea
Iaeiiia?/aneea

Oicyenoaaiiua oiaa?euanoaa
Iio?aaeoaeueneea eiiia?aoeau

(Iieiia ,Eiiiaiaeeoiia)
Iauaaeeiaiey

Iauanoaa
Iauanoaaiiua iauaaeeiaiey

(III,IAI,CAI,IAeI)
(Iau.i?a.,Iau.oiiae.,Iau.aeaeae.Iau.oi?.I?a.iau.nai.)

I?iecaiaenoaaiiue eiiia?aoea (n/o) Aeaaioai?eoaeueiua
i?aaiecaoeee

Ainoaea?.
?aeeaeiciua

(?aeea.iau, iiianou?ue,
a?aonoai,ienneiia?.iau.,iauaae,ia?ac)

Ainoaea?noaaiiay nianoaaiiinoue.

Noauaeou: Iauaeou:

?O a eeoea Oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe. Ia ia?aie/

Noauaeou a eeoea i?aaiia aeanoe. Naii ono i?aaeea

I?acoiioeey nianoa

Iaeioi?ua niiniau

i?eia?aoaiey.

Eieaa «I?aaei?eieiaoaeueneia i?aai» aeey aeenoaioeeiiiiai ia?aciaaiey.
Oaeaoii – 442-71-55 eee 442-24-66. Iaoaoa – ia n/ao eieae.. Eo?niaoth
eo/oa ienaoue ii iniaaiiie /anoe .

I?aaeii/oeoaeueiua oaiu aeeieiiiuo ?aaio :

A?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaie noaoon oece/aneiai eeoea.

Inouanoaeaiea e caueoa a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa.

TH?eaee/aneia eeoei eae noauaeo a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa.

I?aaiaia iieiaeaiea i?aaei?eieiaoaey.

Nenoaia TH?eaee/aneeo eeoe a a?aaeaeaineii i?aaa.

I?aaiaia iieiaeaiea AI ii ?inneeneiio i?aao.

Naeaeee, iiiyoea e aeaeu, iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoue naeaeie.

Oeaiiua aoiaae eae iauaeou a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa. (Aaenaeue e ae?.)

Ianeaaenoaaiiia i?aai.

Iauaeou aaoi?neiai i?aaa.

I?aai eioaeeaeooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe.

Eneeth/eoaeueiua i?aaa ia n?aaenoaa eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee (oiaa?ia ,
?aaio, oneoa) , oe?iaiiia iaeiaiiaaiea, oiaa?iue ciae.

Niiniau iaania/aiey iaycaoaeuenoa. (Caeia, eiioaea, aaieianeea aa?aioee
)

Aeiaiai?u i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe , ?icie/iie eoiee – i?iaeaaee (ana eo
aeaeu). Eeceia – oeiainiaay a?aiaea.

? n 27 ii 33 – nienie , naiua eo/oea oaiu ?aoa?aoia, eo?niauo e
aeeieiiiuo ?aaio ii a?aaeaeaineiio i?aao :

Aaoi?neea aeiaiai?u

Iaoaioii-eeoeaiceiiiua aeiaiai?u

I?aai ia oiaa?iue ciae.

Aeiaiai? oaeoi?eiaa (iaei iaoa?eaea, ii oaia oi?ioay)

Aaieianeea naeaeee

Aeiaiai?u no?aoiaaiey (eiouanoaaiiiai e ee/iiai)

? 58,59 – aianoa aoaeoo oi?ioae oaiie . Aeiaiai? aeiaa?eoaeueiiai
oi?aaeaiey

? 60 O?ai/aeceia

?64 -65 -66.

E naieia?o. Ethaiaue Caoa?iaia Iaaeue noa?oee i?aiiaeaaaoaeue eaoaae?u
a?aaeaeaineeo aeenoeeieei. Eiiiaioe?iaaiiue AE aeey i?aaei?eieiaoaeae ,
I?aeoeeoi ec 2 /anoae, O/aaiee Naaeeeiaa 2 oiia. Aeiia:
i?aainiiniaiinoue e aeaaniiniaiinoue a?aaeaeai, iiiyoey e i?eciaee
th?eaee/aneeo eeoe aei 36 no?aieoeu. Caaea/e ia no?aieoea 20-22 ia?aua
/aou?a.

Ii/aio yoi io?aneue /anoiiai i?aaa. Iiiyoea, i?aaeiao, i?eioeeiu
?aaoee?iaaiey, no?oeoo?a i?aaiioiioaiee 2 noauaeoa ii iiaiaeo iauaeoa. A
eo ?aaoee?iaaiee iao yeaiaioa i?iyaeaiey aeanoiie ooieoeee ni noi?iiu
ainoaea?noaa. O.a a no?oeoo?a a?aaeaeaineeo i?aaiioiioaiee ionoonoaoao
aeanoiue yeaiaio, oa?aeoa?iue aeey eiioieoaoa ainoaea?noaa. Aeeaea
anaai.

No?aieoea 7 i?ia?aiiu. Iiiyoea aeoia a?aaeaeaineiai ninoiyiey.
TH?eaee/aneea eeoea, eae noauaeou i?aaiioiioaiee. No?aieoea 27, caiyoea
6. Iinoaiiaeaiea iauaaeeiaiiiai ieaioia AN ?O e AAN ?O io 1/6/96 ? 6/8 «
I iaeioi?uo aii?inao, naycaiiuo n i?eiaiaieai /anoe 1 AE ?O» (?A 10,13
aaaonoa 1996 aiaea). Aeiia : no?aieoea 27 n 1 caaea/e ii 4. Iiiyoea e
i?eciaee th?eaee/aneeo eeoe. Aicieeiiaaiea e i?ae?auaiea th?eaee/aneeo
eeoe. Iaoa?eae 6 e 7. Oaeaoii 290-10-55 eiaeaen 73028 «Atheeaoaiue
Aa?oiaiiai noaea ?O». Aaineay eiiaaioeey i iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eoiea-
i?iaeaaea. Iaeoe Atheeaoaiue AN ?9, aaea anoue iinoaiiaeaiea. Aeiia :
1-4 caaea/e , no?. 27-29. No?aieoea 30 ii i?aeoeeoio. Oaia 8
«Ainoaea?noai eae noauaeo a?aaeaeaineeo i?aaiioiioaiee»

Naieia?u: noaouey 15,17,18,19, ioieo 1,2 noaouee 4 E?O, noaouey 1,3AE,
iniai ioieo 1 noaouee 3, e ioieo 3 ieaioia.

Ioieou iinoaiiaeaiey ieaioia e noaouee :

Ioieo 5 . Noaouey 17,18,19-21,64 E?O e noaouey 8-16(iniaaiii 10,12,14)

Ioieo 7 . Noaouey 17 ?O e ioieo 1 ,noaouee 27, 31-33.

Ioieo 8 . Noaouey 12-14.

Iaeoe caeiiu «I eiieo?aioeee» «I i?ionithcao» «I oiaa?iuo ciaeao» 23
/09/1992 aiaea, «I ianinoiyoaeueiinoe (aaie?ionoaa i?aaei?eyoee)» «Ia
iauanoaaiiuo iauaaeeiaieyo 14 ai?aey 1995 aiaea. Caeii ?O «I
aeaaioai?eoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe» 7/07/1995 aiaea , Oeac i?aceaeaioa «I
ia?ao ii iaania/aieth i?aa aeoeeiia?ia» io 27/10/1994 aiaea. Oeac
i?aceaeaioa « I ?aoi?ia ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee io 23/05/1994
aiaea, Oeac i i?iaeaaea ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee – aeieaeieeia io
2/06/1994 aiaea(NC 1994 aiae ?6), «Iieiaeaiea i oe?ia» , iinoaiiaeaiea
AOeEE e NIE NNN? NC NNN? 27 aiaea ?40. Iieiaeaiea i ii?yaeea
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee noauaeoia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Iino i?aa «I ooaa?aeaeaiee oeiiaiai onoaaa eacaiiiai caaiaea» io
12/08/1994 aiaea. (NC 1994 aiae ?17) , Caeii «i iaeiiia?/aneeo
i?aaiecaoeeyo 12/01/1996 aiaea. A?aoon «TH?eaee/aneea eeoea a niaaoneii
a?aaeaeaineii i?aaa»

AEaiaaneay eiiaaioeey 1971 aiaea ia io?aia i?iecaiaeeoaeae oiiia?aii io
ia?ac?aoaiiiai aini?iecaaaeaiey eo oiiia?aii.

?eineay eiiaaioeey ia io?aia i?aa eniieieoaeae i?iecaiaeeoaeae oiiia?aii
, i?aaiecaoi?ia aauaiey. 23 naioya?y 1992 aiaea OC – iaeoe.

Iaienaoue aaoi?neee aeiaiai? i ia?aaea/a i?aa ia nicaeaiiia iiie
i?iecaaaeaiea.

?aoa?ao : Eiiiuethoa?iua ea?u e ia?aciaaoaeueiua i?ia?aiiu. 2-3 no?. E
iath.

Iiaoi?eoue aaoi?neia i?aai.

Eaeoeee, naieia?neea caiyoey. O/aaiee – I?aeoeeoi, O/aaiee
«A?aaeaeaineia i?aai» iiae ?aaeaeoeeae Na?aaaaa, Eiiiaioa?ee e 1 /anoe e
2 aeey i?aaei?eieiaoaeae. Oieoaioo «Yenii?o».

A?aaeaeaineia i?aai – iaeia ec aaaeiaeoeo io?aneae /anoiiai i?aaa.

Iiiyoea /anoiiai i?aaa , aai niaoeeoeea. A?aaeaeaineia i?aai –
niaieoiiinoue i?aaiauo ii?i, ?aaoee?othueo ia ia/aeao th?eaee/aneiai
?aaainoaa o/anoieeia , aaoiiiiee eo aiee e eiouanoaaiiie
naiinoiyoaeueiinoe o/anoieeia eiouanoaaiiua e naycaiiua n ieie ee/iua
iaeiouanoaaiiua ioiioaiey. Oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aaeiaoa e iaoiaea AI.
I?aaeiao AI – eiouanoaaiiua (i?aaeaea anaai ioiioaiey nianoaaiiinoe e
ae?oaea aauii-i?aaiaua ioiioaiey , aeiaiai?iua iaycaoaeuenoaa, ioiioaiey
eioaeeaeooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe No.2 AE ioiioaiey aaoi?noaa ia
i?iecaaaeaiey eeoa?aoo?u , iaoee, eneonnoaa .) e naycaiiua n ieie ee/iua
iaeiouanoaaiiua ioiioaiey (aeeciue, caei?iauea , /anoue, aeinoieinoai,
naiaeiay oaeia, i?aaa e naiaiaeu no. 150 AE).

I?aaei?eieiaoaeueneea ioiioaiey o?aaoee?iaaiu a?aaeaeaineei eiaeaenii.

I?eciaee i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe (i/aiue aaaeiu)no. 2 i. 1

6 i?eciaeia:

I?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay aeayoaeueiinoue Yoi:

naiinoiyoaeueiay (eee a?aaeaeaiei eee i?aaiecaoeey aac aeiaa?aiiinoe)

inouanoaeyaiay ia naie ?ene ( naie ianoo ioaaonoaaiiinoue )
aeayoaeueiinoue iai?aaeaiiay ia

5- nenoaiaoe/aneia ( ia ?aciaue oa?aeoa? aeayoaeueiinoe)

iieo/aiea i?eauee (oeaeue -iieo/aiea i?eauee)

io iieueciaaiey eiouanoaii , i?iaeaaee oiaa?ia , auiieiaiey ?aaio, eee
ieacaiey oneoa ( 4 enoi/ieea i?eauee )

6-eeoeaie ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuie a yoii ea/anoaa a onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii
ii?yaeea

Iaoiae a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa. TH?eaee/aneia ?aaainoai o/anoieeia

Aaoiiiiey aiee o/anoieeia. Eiouanoaaiiay naiinoiyoaeueiinoue. Yoi iaoiae
ai?eciioaeueiuo ioiioaiee . Iaoiae eii?aeeiaoeee. Iaoiae
i?aaiiaaeaeaiey. Aeeniiceoeaiinoue. Iiiai ii?i AI eiatho aeeniiceoeaiue
oa?aeoa?. Yoi naienoai a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo ii?i, au?aaeathuaany a oii,
/oi cae?aieyy ii?aaeaeaiioth iiaeaeue iiaaaeaiey o/anoieeia ioiioaiee ,
iie iicaieytho o/anoieeai noi?ie?iaaoue naith iiaeaeue iiaaaeaiey ,
aace?oynue ia eiii caeiia ( ii?ia) e eee nianoaaiiii niaeaoaiee (
aeiaiai?a ). Yoi i/aiue oeaiii a oneiaeyo ?uiea. Noaouey 211 ?ene
neo/aeiie aeaaee eiouanoaa ianao aai nianoaaiiee , anee eiia ia
i?aaeoniio?aii caeiiii e aeiaiai?ii. No. 223 i?aai nianoaaiiinoe . Iie
onoaiaaeeaatho iiaeaee iiaaaeaiey .

I?aaei?eieiaoaeue Eaaiia ia?aoeeny a aaeaieaoneia ath?i n i?inueaie
?acuynieoue aio , yaeythony ee eiouanoaaiiuie e ?aaoee?othony
a?aaeaeaineei i?aaii ioiioaiey ii oieaoa ei iiaeioiaeiiai iaeiaa, e ii
auieaoa ei naiaio ?aaioieeo ca?aaioiie ieaou e ii i?iaeaaea ei
i?iaeoeoeee naiaai i?iecaiaenoaa ( ecaeaeee ec iaoo?aeueiiai iaoa).

Iao?ia ia?aoeeny aaniie a i?aai ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey n i?inueaie
ca?aaeno?e?iaaoue aai a ea/anoaa eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey,
o.e. inaiueth ii iaia?ai i?iaeaoue ia ?uiea eceeoee iaiuae , nia?aiiuo
ei ia iai?iaeiii o/anoea. ?aaeno?e?othuee i?aai ioeacaeny auaeaoue
Iao?iao niioaaonoaothuaa naeaeaoaeuenoai ia oii iniiaaiee , /oi aai
aeaenoaey ia eiatho anao i?eciaeia i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Iao?ia iaaeaeiaae yoe aeaenoaey a noae.

A ia?ooaiea onoaiiaeaiiie caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii iaycaiiinoe iinoaaeyoue
i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiua oiaa?u n na?oeoeeaoii ea/anoaa ,CAI « Iaiooi»
i?iaeaei ioieoeeiaeueiiio oieoa?iiio i?aaei?eyoeth ia?oeth
ii?ai?iaeoeoia aac oaeeo na?oeoeeaoia . Aic?aaeay i?ioea o?aaiaaiey
iieoiaoaey i i?aaenoaaeaiee na?oeoeeaoia e oieaoa oo?aoa aaia?aeueiue
aee?aeoi? CAI cayaee, /oi iinoaaea naaaeeo ii?ai?iaeoeoia aac
na?oeoeeaoia ea/anoaa niioaaonoaoao iau/ayi aeaeiaiai iai?ioa a aeaiiie
noa?a i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Iacaeiiiia caiyoea i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoueth. Eeai
a?aaeaeaineay eeai oaieiaiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

Nenoaia a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa. Aa ia?acotho a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaua ii?iu e
eo niaieoiiinoe ( einoeooou e noia? einoeooou ) aiaoiaa au?aaeaiea
eioi?uo – yoi no?oeoo?iua yeaiaiou aeaaiiai aeoa A?aaeaeaineiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa – A?aaeaeaineiai eiaeaena. Oa?aeoa? ii?i
ii?aaeaeyaony i?aaeiaoii e iaoiaeii. Noia? einoeooou – iiiyoea iiaia.
A?aaeaeaineee eiaeaen ninoieo ec /anoae. 1-2 oaea anoue , 3-y aioiaeony
. N 1 ia?oa 1996 aiaea 2-y /anoue. 3 ?acaeaea a ia?aie /anoe:

Iauea iieiaeaiey ( noaouee n 1 ii 208 )

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe e ae?oaea aauiua i?aaa ( Noaouee n 209 ii 306 )

Iaycaoaeuenoaaiiia i?aai ( Noaouee n307 ii 453 )

Ioaeaeueiua noaouee (Noaouee n 454 ii 1109 )

Aoaeao a 3 /anoe. Ianeaaenoaaiiia i?aai , eioaeeaeooaeueiie
nianoaaiiinoe e eiino?aioeaa.

Noia?einoeooou – yoi /anoe AE, ninoiyuea ec einoeoooia.

ENOI*IEEE A?AAEAeAINEIAI I?AAA.

Eie neoaeao ienaiiua e iaienaiua i?aaeea iiaaaeaiey ( iau/ae ) eae
aioo?aiiea (iaoeeiiaeueiua) oae ca?oaaaeiua e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua.

Enoi/ieee :

Eiinoeoooeey ?O (o.e. yoi aeo i?yiiai aeaenoaey ,iinoaiiaeaiea ieaioia
Aa?oiaiiai noaea ?O io 31/10/1995 aiaea ?8 « I iaeioi?uo aii?inao
i?eiaiaiey noaeaie E?O i?e inouanoaeaiee i?aainoaeey » ?A 28/12/95 )

AE ( A?aaeaeaineee eiaeaen )

Eiua Oaaea?aeueiua caeiiu eioi?ua aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue AE (no.71
i.0 E?O- Eiiiaoaioeey Oaaea?aeueiie aeanoe)

Oeacu i?aceaeaioa ?O

Iinoaiiaeaiey i?aaeoaeuenoaa

Aeou oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe a oi?ia i?eeacia,
eino?oeoeee, i?aaee e o.i., iie aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue auoanoiyuei
aeoai.

No. 3 AE -A?aaeaeaineia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai e eiua aeou niaea?aeauea
ii?iu a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa. Ii?iu a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa iiaoo
niaea?aeaoueny a ieo, ia aeieaeiu i?ioeai?a/eoue.

Iauai?eciaiiua i?eioeeiu e ii?iu iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u ?O (eiieaiaioaoeey)

Iinoaiiaeaiea ieaioia AN ?O e AAN ?O (io 1 ethiy 1996 aiaea «I iaeioi?uo
aii?inao , naycaiiuo n i?eiaiaieai /anoe ia?aie AE ?O»(?inneeneay Aacaoa
io 10 aaaonoa e 13 aaaonoa 1996 aiaea))

Iau/ae aeaeiaiai iai?ioa ( iie iaienaiua e oieueei a
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe ) No.5 AE. Iau/aai aeaeiaiai
iai?ioa i?eciaaony neiaeeaoaany e oe?iei i?eiaiyaiia a eaeie eeai
iaeanoe i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaeei iiaaaeaiey ia
i?aaeoniio?aiiia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii iacaaeneii io oiai caoeene?iaaii ee
iii a eaeii -eeai aeieoiaioa.

6 naioya?y 1996 aiaea .

Oaia : A?aaeaeaia ( oece/aneea eeoea ) eae noauaeou a?aaeaeaineiai
i?aaa.

A?aaeaeaineia i?aaiioiioaiea – iauanoaaiiia ioiioaiea , o?aaoee?iaaiiia
ii?iaie a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa , eiouanoaaiiua eee ee/iua iaeiouanoaaiiua
ioiioaiey, o/anoieee eioi?iai – iineoaee a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa e
iaycaiiinoae. Yeaiaiou ethaiai i?aaiioiioaiey – noauaeou i?aaiioiioaiey
e aai niaea?aeaiea. Iauaeou – yoi oi ii iiaiaeo /aai i?aaiioiioaiea
neeaaeuaaaony. Niaea?aeaiea – i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe a?aaeaeai.

Noauaeoaie yaeythony:

1- A?aaeaeaia ( oece/aneea Eeoea )

TH?eaee/aneea eeoea

Noauaeou ?O e ioieoeeiaeueiua ia?aciaaiey ?O.

Yeaiaioaie i?aaiaiai noaoona oece/aneeo eeoe yaeythony :

I?aainiiniaiinoue

Aeaaniiniaiinoue

Ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa

I?aainiiniaiinoue yoi aano?aeoiay (iauay ) iioaioeeaeueiay niiniaiinoue
a?aaeaeaieia eiaoue a?aaeaeaineea i?aaa e ianoe iaycaiiinoe .
I?aainiiniaiinoue i?eciaaony a ?aaiie ia?a ca anaie a?aaeaeaiaie ?O ,
iia aicieeaao a iiiaio ?iaeaeaiey a?aaeaeaieia e i?ae?auaaony aai
nia?oueth.

Noauaeou a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa ia oieueei ?inneeneea a?aaeaeaia ii e
eiino?aioeu e eeoea aac a?aaeaeainoaa e eiino?aiiua th?eaee/aneea eeoea.

Iiiaio ?iaeaeaiey naycai n oeaeui ?yaeia ithainia ( caeanue oniaoe
iaaeeoeeiu e o.i.) – iaiaoiaeeii ooi/iaiea. ?iaeeaoeeny – iieiia
ioaeaeaiea ieiaea io iaoa?eineiai oaea. Ai iiiaeo no?aiao yoi
?acuyniyaony . Nia?oue a?aaeaeaieia oiaea nii?iue aii?in ( iiyoue oaee
oniaoe iaaeeoeeiu ). Yoe/aneee e th?eaee/aneee oaeoi?u. Noaouey 9
caeiia i o?ainieaioaoeee i?aaiia e oeaiae /aeiaaea io 22 aeaeaa?y 1992
aiaea – ii?aaeaeaiea iiiaioa nia?oe (iiaeii ee o oaea a?aoue i?aai aeey
ia?anaaeee). Nia?oue /aeiaaea – iaia?aoeiay aeaaeue anaai aieiaiiai
iicaa, onoaiiaeaiiay a niioaaonoaee n i?ioeaaeo?ie , ooaa?aeaeaiiie
Ieienoa?noaii cae?aaiio?aiaiey ?O (Eiineeeoiii a?a/ae – niaoeeaeenoia ,
ia caeioa?aniaaiiuo a ia?anaaeea i?aaiia). Naeaeaoaeuenoai i nia?oe.
Noaouey 47 AE ?O – ?aaeno?aoeey aeoia a?aaeaeaineiai ninoiyiey a CAAN
-ao:

?iaeaeaiea

3- ?anoi?aeaiea a?aea

nia?oue a?aaeaeaieia

Niaea?aeaiea a?aaeaeaineie i?aainiiniaiinoe ia?acotho iioaioeeaeueiua
i?aaa e ei??aniiiaee?othuea ei iaycaiiinoe eioi?ua iiaoo eiaoue e ianoe
a?aaeaeaia. AE niaea?aeeo ia?a/aiue yoeo i?aa – iaeaieaa aaaeiuo(
Noaouey 18 AE ?O.) Niaea?aeaiea i?aainiiniaiinoe a?aaeaeai :

i?aai eiaoue eiouanoai ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe

ianeaaeiaaoue e caaauaoue eiouanoai

caieiaoueny i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie e ethaie eiie ia cai?auaiiie caeiiii
aeayoaeueiinoueth

nicaeaaaoue TH?eaee/aneea eeoea

niaa?oaoue ethaua ia cai?auaiiua caeiiii naeaeee

o/anoaiaaoue a iaycaoaeuenoaao

ecae?aoue ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa

eiaoue i?aaa aaoi?ia i?iecaaaeaiee iaoee , eneonnoaa

Yoe i?aaa i?aa?auathony a noauaeoeaiua i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe.

?anniio?ei i?aai a?aaeaeai ia naiaiaeiia eca?aiea ianoa aeeoaeuenoaa.
Iii io?aaeaii a E?O. Caeii io 25 ethiy 1993 aiaea « I i?aaa a?aaeaeai ?O
ia naiaiaeo ia?aaeaeaeaiey auai? iaoa i?aauaaiey e aeeoaeuenoaa a
i?aaeaeao ?O ». I?aai ia naiaiaeo ia?aaeaeaeaiey. I?ioeann aei eiioea ia
caeii/ai , ii eaeao 3 aiaea. Iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O io 17 ethey
1995 aiaea ?713 «I ooaa?aeaeaiee i?aaee ?aaeno?aoeee e niyoey a?aaeaeai
?O n ?aaeno?aoeeiiiiai o/aoa ii ianoo i?aauaaiey e ianoo aeeoaeuenoaa a
i?aaeaeao ?O e ia?a/aiue aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe , ioaaonoaaiiuo ca
?aaeno?aoeeth» (?inneeneay Aacaoa 27/07/1995). Iieoiea aeeeuey aiciiaeia
, ii yoi ia icia/aao aaoiiaoe/aneie i?iienee , ca yoi onoaiiaeaiu
aieueoea nai?u. Eiinoeoooeeiiiue noae oniio?ae aeene?eieiaoeeth e
i?eciae aeaenoaey ia caeiiiuie. Io 4 ai?aey 1996 aiaea «ii aeaeo i
i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe…» (?inneeneay Aacaoa 17 ai?aey 1996
aiaea). ?aoaiea nieceoue ?aaeno?aoeeiiiue nai?.

I?e aeeeoaeueiii ionoonoaee , iiiauaiea ?aaaiea a naiueth aeaaeooee e
aaaooee – yoi a?aiaiiia ionoonoaea ia iinoiyiiii ianoa aeeoaeuenoaa
eiaao iniaue ?aaeei ?aoaiey i?aaiauo aii?inia, aicieeathueo a ia?eiae
ionoonoaey. (Iai?eia? i?e iieo/aiee ia?aciaaiey oeiea eiaao iaycaiiinoe
e io/aoiinoue ca iao/aiea) iaiaoiaeeii anoaoue ia o/ao. Noaouey 19 AE ?O
aia?aua ?aaeaiaioe?oao i?aai a?aaeaeai ia eiy . Eiy a?aaeaeaieia. Eiy
aeeth/aao – oaieeeth eiy io/anoai. I?eia?aoaiea i?aa e iaycaiiinoae iiae
eiaiai ae?oaiai eeoea ia aeiioneaaony.

I?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay aeayoaeueiinoue a?aaeaeaieia. A ?aieao
i?aainiiniaiinoe AE aeaaay ii?aaeaeaiea i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe ?aaoee?oao aa: no. 23 I?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay
aeayoaeueiinoue a?aaeaeaieia( a i?aaa caieiaoueny n iiiaioa
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee a ea/anoaa i?aaei?eieiaoaey) .
Ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey inouanoaeyaony a niioaaonoaee n
iieiaeaieai i ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee noauaeoia
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe . Oeac i?aceaeaioa ? 1482 io 13
ethey 1994 (?inneeneay Aacaoa 13/07/1994 aiaea e iii?aaea a ?inneeneie
Aacaoa io 17/08/1994.) .

«Caeii i ?aaeno?aoeeiiiii nai?a n oece/aneeo eeoe…» – ia aieaa iaeiiai
iany/iiai ?acia?a iieaou o?oaea. Ia?a/aiue ?aaeno?e?othueo i?aaiia ia
aeaaony. A iineianeie ?aaeno?aoeeiiiie iaeaoa . A ioiioaiee noauaeoia
iaeiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa – eueaiou( Oeac i?aceaeaioa io 4 ai?aey
1996 aiaea ? 491 « I ia?aii/a?aaeiuo ia?ao iiaeaea?aeee iaeiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa a ?O » (?inneeneay Aacaoa 16/04/1996).

A?aaeaeaiei eae eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue i?aaei?eieiaoaeue- aeaaa
e?anoueyineiai (oa?ia?neiai) oicyenoaa i?eciaaony i?aaei?eieiaoaeai n
iiiaioa ?aaeno?aoeee oicyenoaa.

Ii?iu i eiiia?/aneeo th?eaee/aneeo eeoeao iiaoo auoue i?eiaiaiu e
a?aaeaeaieio caieiathuaiony i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoueth. A
oaeaea anee ii oaeoe/anee caieiaaony yoie aeayoaeueiinoueth.

10 naioya?y 1996 aiaea.

Aeaeu aeayoaeueiinoe , ?aaoee?oaiua a?aaeaeaineei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

I?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay aeayoaeueiinoue iiaeao ieacaoueny ia oniaoiie.

Ianinoiyoaeueiinoue (aaie?ionoai ) eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey.
Yoi neooaoeey eiaaea i?aaei?eieiaoaeue ia a ninoiyiee oaeiaeaoai?eoue
o?aaiaaiey e?aaeeoi?ia, naycaiiua n inouanoaeaieai ei
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Ii i?eciaaony aaie?ioii ii
?aoaieth noaea e n iiiaioa auianaiey ?aoaiey oo?a/eaaao neeo aai
?aaeno?aoeey eae eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey. E?aaeeoi? a

ia?aoth i/a?aaeue o?aaoao oaeiaeaoai?aiey ca i?e/eiaiea a?aaea aeecie e
caei?iaueth e oae aea i acuneaiee aeeiaioia.

Ai aoi?oth i/a?aaeue – ?an/aou ii auieaoa auoiaeiuo iiniaee e ii iieaoa
o?oaea ?aaioieeai e auieaoa aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ii aaoi?neei aeiaiai?ai.

A o?aoueth i/a?aaeue – o?aaiaaiey caeiaiauo e?aaeeoi?ia.

A /aoaa?ooth – iiaaoaaony caaeieaeaiiinoue ii ieaoaaeai a athaeaeao e ia
athaeaeaoiua oiiaeu.

A 5 i/a?aaeue- ?an/aou n ae?oaeie e?aaeeoi?aie. Ca n/ao aai aeaiaaeiuo
n?aaenoa , aai eiouanoaa , anee aeaiaa ia oaaoaao. Iiaeii cayaeyoue
o?aaiaaiey ia eae i?aaei?eieiaoaeue, a eae a?aaeaeaiei , i aica?aoa
eiouanoaa e yoe o?aaiaaiey iiaaoathony oae aea (Noaouey 25 AE ?O).

Aeaaniiniaiinoue a?aaeaeaieia. Aeaaniiniaiinoue a?aaeaeaieia – yoi
niiniaiinoue a?aaeaeaieia naieie aeaenoaeyie i?eia?aoaoue e
inouanoaeyoue a?aaeaeaineea i?aaa , nicaeaaaoue aeey naay a?aaeaeaineea
iaycaiiinoe e eniieiyoue eo. Yoi a?aaeaeaineay aeaaniiniaiinoue.
Iiiyoea- naieie aeaenoaeyie oe?a , /ai ee/ii inouanoaeyoue.
Aeaaniiniaiinoue eaoaai?ey aieaa neiaeiay /ai i?aainiiniaiinoue. 4
ninoiyiey aeaaniiniaiinoe :

iieiay ( N iiiaioa niaa?oaiiieaoey «18 eao» eee ?aiaa a neo/aa
anooieaiey a a?ae aei 18 eao «n iiiaioa anooieaiey a a?ae» , anee a?ae
i?ecaai iaaeaenoaeoaeueiui , oi noae iiaeao i?eciaoue eeoei
iaaeaaniiniaiui. Eee a neaaenoaee yiaineiaoeee – iiaue einoeooo
iauyaeaiey iiae?inoea iieiinoueth aeaaniiniaiui i?e iaee/ee ?yaea
oneiaee , aeinoeaeaiey iieiuo 16 eao e ?aaioa ii o?oaeiaiio aeiaiai?o
(eiio?aeoo) eee caiyoeai i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoueth n
niaeaney caeiiiuo i?aaenoaaeoaeae (?iaeeoaeae, onuiiaeoaeae ,
iiia/eoaey) noaouey 27 AE ?O. I?aai iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa «i?aaiu
ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey» aeaao yiaineiaoeeth, anee iao aic?aaeaiee. Anee
eoi-eeai aic?aaeaao ,oi /a?ac noae. )

/anoe/iay (Eiaao 2 noaiaie : 1- aeaaniiniaiinoue iaeieaoieo aei 6 eao-
oieueei caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue e 2- io 6 eao aei 14 eao – a i?aaa
naiinoiyoaeueii niaa?oaoue iaeeea auoiaua naeaeee «iieoiea iaaei?iaeo
i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey e o.i.» e naeaeee iai?aaeaiiua ia aacaiciacaeiia
iieo/aiea auaiaeu , ia o?aaothuea iioa?eaeueiiai oaeinoiaa?aiey eee
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee «iaeeea iiaea?ee» , naeaeee ii
?anii?yaeaieth n?aaenoaaie, i?aaeinoaaeaiiuie caeiiiui i?aaenoaaeoaeai
eee n niaeaney iineaaeiaai eee 3-o?aoueei eeoeii aeey ii?aaeaeaiiie
oeaee eee aeey naiaiaeiiai ?anii?yaeaiey. Ii naeaeeai iaeieaoiaai
ioaa/atho ?iaeeoaee eee caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee.)

ia?aie/aiiay aeaaniiniaiinoue (Io 14 aei 18 eao -iiae?inoee. Eo iauai
/anoe/iie aeaaniiniaiinoe cia/eoaeueii oe?a. Naeaeee iie niaa?oatho
naiinoiyoaeueii, ii n ienueiaiiiai niaeaney ?iaeeoaeae. Aiciiaeii
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiia eee iineaaeothuaa niaeanea (iaeia?aiea) naeaeee.
Oeaeue ?yae naeaeie iiae?inoee a i?aaa niaa?oaoue naiinoiyoaeueii.
Noaouey 26 AE : Iie a i?aaa naiinoiyoaeueii ?anii?yaeaoueny naiei
ca?aaioeii, noeiaiaeeae , eiuie aeioiaeaie. Inouanoaeyoue i?aaa aaoi?a
?acoeueoaoa eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe (i?iecaaaeaiey iaoee,
eneonnoaa e o.ae.). A niioaaonoaee n caeiiii aiineoue aeeaaeu a
e?aaeeoiua o/?aaeaeaiey e ?anii?yaeaoueny eie. Inouanoaeyoue ana naeaeee
, aeicaieaiiua iaeieaoiei. Iiae?inoee a i?aaa iinea 16 eao auoue /eaiaie
eiiia?aoeaia. Naiinoiyoaeueii ianoo ioaaonoaaiiinoue.)

iieiay iaaeaaniiniaiinoue. Aeiioneaaony ia?aie/aiea aeaaniiniaiinoe .
Ia?aie/ai iiaeao auoue niaa?oaiiieaoiee eee ianiaa?oaiiieaoiee
(iiae?inoie) . Ia?aie/aiea oieueei noaeii . I?e iaee/ee aeaoo oneiaee :

ceioiio?aaeaiea nie?oiuie iaieoeaie eee ia?eioe/aneeie n?aaenoaaie

anee a neeo yoiai noaaeo naith naiueth a oyaeaeia iaoa?eaeueiia
iieiaeaiea. Iaae a?aaeaeaieiii onoaiaaeeaaaony iiia/eoaeuenoai (Noaouey
30 AE ?O). Ca?aaioie iaineth eee aeioiaeu iieo/aao iiia/eoaeue.
Iiae?inoee io 14 aei 18 eao iiaoo auoue ia?aie/aiu i?e iaee/ee
aeinoaoi/iuo iniiaaiee (Noaouey 26 AE ?O , ioieo 24). A?a/aaii-O?oaeiaay
Yenia?oiay Eiienney (ii i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoao ?oeiaiaenoaa ea/aaiiai
caaaaeaiey) i?e niaeanee caeiiiuo i?aaenoaaeoaeae.

Iaaeiionoeiinoue eeoaiey e ia?aie/aiey i?aaa e aeaaniiniaiinoe
a?aaeaeaieia, aac i?yiiai oeacaiey caeiia (noaouey 22 AE ?O). Iieiue eee
/anoe/iue ioeac a?aaeaeaieia io i?aai eee aeaaniiniaiinoe e ae?oaea
naeaeee, iai?aaeaiiua ia ia?aie/aiea i?aai eee aeaaniiniaiinoe –
ie/oiaeiu.

17 naioya?y.

Iieiay iaaeaaniiniaiinoue. Nouanoaotho iaeioi?ua eaoaai?ee a?aaeaeai,
eioi?ua ii ?aoaieth noaea iiaoo auoue i?eciaiu ia aeaaniiniaiuie.
A?aaeaeaia , no?aaeathuea ineoe/aneeie ?anno?ienoaaie. Ii ia iiaeao
iiieiaoue cia/aiea naieo aeaenoaee eee ?oeiaiaeeoue eie . Iiaeao auoue
i?eciai noaeii ia aeaaniiniaiui, a ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii
a?aaeaeainei-i?ioeannoaeueiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. Iaae iei
onoaiaaeeaaaony iiaea. Naeaeee io eiaie iaaeaaniiniaiiai niaa?oaao aai
iiaeo. Anee a?aaeaeaiei aucaei?iaae, oi ii ii ?aoaieth noaea i?eciaaony
aeaaniiniaiui (noae ioiaiyao naia ?aoaiea e iiaeo). Noae ia iniiaaiee
caeeth/aiey a?a/ae i?eieiaao ?aoaiea. Caeii io 2 ethiy 1992 aiaea «I
ineoeao?e/aneie iiiiue e aa?aioeyo i?aa a?aaeaeai i?e aa ieacaiee» (
Aaaeiiinoe nuacaea AN ?O ? 3 noaouey 1913). A iai 49 noaoae. A iai
aiai?eony i i?aaao yoeo eeoe . Auaatho ?aciua ?anno?ienoaa. A?iaeaeaiiua
(neaaioiea):

Aeaaee

E?aoei

Eaeeio

Yoe ?anno?ienoaa eae i?aaeei iaanaaaea. E?iia yoeo iiiaioia, naycaiiuo n
iieiie iaaeaaniiniaiinoueth , iaiaoiaeeii ?anniio?aoue e ae?oaia.

Ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa a?aaeaeaieia. Ianoii aeeoaeuenoaa i?eciaaony – ianoi,
aaea a?aaeaeaiei iinoiyiii eee i?aeiouanoaaiii i?iaeeaaao. Noaouey 20
AE. Ianoiaeeoaeuenoaa ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo aei 14 eao , a oae aea
iaaeaaniiniaiuo a?aaeaeai , iaoiaeyueeny iiae iiaeie , i?eciaaony ianoi
aeeoaeuenoaa eo caeiiiuo i?aaenoaaeoaeae. «Caeii ?O I naiaiaea
ia?aaeaeaeaiey e auai?a ianoa i?iaeeaaiey». A iai aeaaony iiiyoea
aeeeiai iiiauaiey. A?aaeaeaiei iiaeao nai ecae?aoue ianoi iinoiyiiiai
eee i?aeiouanoaaiiiai i?iaeeaaiey. Nai?u ca ?aaeno?aoeeth aeieaeiu
auoue, o.e. yoi nicaeaao iaa?oceo ia ai?iaeneoth eio?ano?oeoo?o. Yoi 3
yeaiaioa noaoona a?aaeaeaieia. Auoaeathuea a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaua
iineaaenoaey aoaeoo ?anniio?aiu iicaea.

I?eciaiea a?aaeaeaieia aacaanoii ionoonoaothuei e iauyaeaiea aai
oia?oei. Eiiaaea a neeo iaecaanoiinoe ianoa iaoiaeaeaiey ninoiyiea
A?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo ioiioaiee iiaeao caaenaoue io yoiai. Ai anao
no?aiao nouanoaoao eaoaai?ey, eioi?ay iacuaaaony aacaanoii –
ionoonoaothuee e ii?aaeaeaiea /aeiaaea oia?oei. Aaaaeaiu yoe einoeooou e
a iao a?aaeaeaineee eiaeaen. A?aaeaeaiei iiaeao auoue ii noaeo i?eciai
aacaanoii ionoonoaothuei , anee a oa/aiee 1 aiaea a ianoa aai
aeeoaeuenoaa iao naaaeaiee i ianoa aai i?aauaaiey. ?aiueoa iiaeii
noaaeoue aii?in, ii noae ia i?eciaao yoiai. Eoi iiaeao aicaoaeaeaoue
aeaei i i?eciaiee oaeiaui a?aaeaeaieia. Yoi caeioa?aniaaiiua eeoea (
?iaenoaaiieee, eiiiaiueiiu, e?aaeeoi?u, e o.ae.). Eaeea aeaenoaey iaaei
niaa?oeoue. Iiaeaoue cayaeaiea . Aianoa n iei i?eeiaeeoue aeieoiaiou ,
naeaeaoaeuenoaothuea i aai ionoonoaee ( Cayaeaiea a ieeeoeeth, auieneo n
ianoa ?aaiou e o.ae. ). Auaaao iaaiciiaeii oi/ii onoaiiaeoue aeaiue
eiaaea eeoei ooei. Ia?aia /enei ianyoea, neaaeothuaa ca oai , eiaaea ii
iineaaeiee ?ac i naaa niiauee. Nouanoaotho iniaua i?aaeea ?an/aoa.
Eiaaea iaaiciiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue ianyoe , oi ia?aia /enei neaaeothuaai
aiaea. Eaeea iineaaenoaey i?eciaiey noaeii. ?aoaiea aeieaeii anooieoue a
neeo. Iineaaenoaey:

Eiouanoai yoiai a?aaeaeaieia i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe iinoiyiiiai oi?aaeaiey
ei ia?aaeaaony ia iniiaaiee ?aoaiey noaea eeoeo, eioi?ia ii?aaeaeyaony
i?aaiii iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa , e aeaenoaoao ia iniiaaiee aeiaiai?a i
aeiaa?eoaeueiii oi?aaeaiee , caeeth/aaiiai n yoei i?aaiii. Iiaue
a?aaeaeaineee eiaeaen ia neo/aeii ia ia?aii ianoa a ea/anoaa
iineaaenoaee i?eciaiey a?aaeaeaieia aaca?aiaiii ionoonoaothuei noaaeo
ia?aaea/o eiouanoaa ia oi?aaeaiea. Yoi aaaeii a noa?a
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa. Yoi iiaeao auoue i?aaei?eyoea, iaeao aeoeee e
o.i. Iinea auianaiey ?aoaiey noaea, i?aai iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa
iiaeuneeaaao eeoei, eioi?ia iiaeao oniaoii oi?aaeyoue eiouanoaii ia
iniiaaiee aeiaiai?a i aeiaa?eoaeueiii oi?aaeaiee eiouanoaii. Oeac
i?aceaeaioa i aeiaa?eoaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe ( o?anoa ) a 1993 aiaeo.
I?eia? GMM – o?anoiaay eiiiaiey. Einoeooo oi?aaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiui
eiouanoaii nouanoaiaae i?e NNN?. Iaoaieci aeaaioai?eoaeueiuo oiiaeia.
Iie /anoi eniieueciaaeenue ia nianai /anoiuie ethaeueie. Ii oeaco –
aaanoe einoeooo o?anoa. A?aaeaeaineee eiaeaen a noaouea 209 ioieo 4 –
nianoaaiiee iiaeao ia?aaeaoue naia eiouanoai a aeiaa?eoaeueiia
oi?aaeaiea ae?oaiio eeoeo ( aeiaa?eoaeueiiio oi?aaeythuaio ). Yoi ia
aea/ao ia?aoiaea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. A ea/anoaa iaeiiai ec /anoiuo
neo/aaa noaouey 43 AE aiai?eo ia eiouanoaa i?ecaaiiiai aacaanoii
i?iiaaoei , ioaeaaaaiii a aeiaa?eoaeueiia oi?aaeaiea. Aeiaiai? i
aeiaa?eoaeueiii oi?aaeaiee – auea naeaeaia iiiuoea cae?ooeoue aai ia
iieioth eaoooeo , iooai nicaeaiey a 1995 aiaeo aianoi *EO- a naeaeaoue
IEO. Aue oeac i?aceaeaioa i nicaeaiee iaaauo oiiaeia . Yoe IEO -u ia
i?eciaaaeenue th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie. A ea/anoaa eo auee i?eciaiu
aaiee. Noaouey 43 – yoi ia?aua iineaaenoaey i?eciaiey a?aaeaeaieia
aacaanoii – ionoonoaothuaai.

Auaea/a eeoeai, iieo/aaoei io aai niaea?aeaiea /anoe eiouanoaa.

Iiaaoaiea caaeieaeaiiinoe yoiai eeoea.

Anee a?aaeaeaiei yaeyaony eee onoaiaaeeaaaony ianoi aai iaoiaeaeaiey, oi
ii aai (eae i?aaeei) cayaeaieth, noae ioiaiyao yoi ?aoaiea e ioiaiyao
oi?aaeaiea eiouanoaii a?aaeaeaieia (Noaouey 44 AE).

Iauyaeaiea a?aaeaeaieia oia?oei.

Iauyaeyaony – oieueei ?aoaieai noaea. Anee a ianoa aeeoaeuenoaa iao
naaaeaiee i ianoa aai i?aauaaiey a oa/aiee 5 eao (?aiueoa auei 3 aiaea).
Iaycaoaeueiia i?eciaiea aacaanoii ionoonoaothuei ia?aae yoei ia
o?aaoaony (ia iaycaoaeueii), oieueei n?ie 5 eao. Noaouey 45 AE.
Aeiioneaaony ii caeiio iaiaa eee aieaa i?iaeieaeeoaeueiue n?ie. Ii
noaouea 45 AE. Iauyaeaiea oia?oei (th?eaee/aneay nia?oue) – aiciiaeii 2
neooaoeee:

I?iiae aac aanoe i?e ianoiyoaeuenoaao oa?iaeathueo nia?oe

Eee i?e ianoiyoaeuenoaao , aeathueo iniiaaiea i?aaeiieaaaoue aeaaeue io
ii?aaeaeaiiiai ian/anoiiai neo/ay .

I?eciaiea a oa/aiee 6 ianyoeaa. ( I?eia?u – eaniie iiaea? e a?eaiee ,
ooaaeoee a ean eee 2 neooaoeey iai?eia? aaeaeaoano?ioa , ac?ua
aiaaieiaee , aaa?ee iiacaeia, e?ooaiey ia ii?a).

A nayce n aiaiiuie aeaenoaeyie . I?eciaaony oia?oei ia ?aiaa 2 eao ni
aeiy ieii/aiey aiaiiuo aeaenoaee. Aiaiiua aeaenoaey iiaoo aeeeoueny
i/aiue aeieai. Aeaiue nia?oe a neo/aa iauyaeaiiiai oia?oei. A aeaiue
anooieaiey a caeiiioth neeo ?aoaiey noaea ii iauyaeaieth oia?oei. Anee
aea eiaea ianoi i?iiaaea aac aanoe i?e oa?ica nia?oe eee i?iiaaea i?e
ianoiyoaeuenoaao, aeathueo i?aai i?aaeiieaaaoue aeaaeue io
ii?aaeaeaiiiai ian/anoiiai neo/ay – aeaiue i?aaeiieaaaaiie aeaaee.
Iineaaenoaey iauyaeaiey a?aaeaeaieia oia?oei – oi aea , /oi oaeoe/aneay
nia?oue. I?ae?auaaony a?ae e ioe?uaaaony ianeaaenoai. Eaeea iineaaenoaey
yaee a?aaeaeaieia , iauyaeaiiiai oia?oei. Ia eneeth/aia yaea
a?aaeaeaieia . Iineaaenoaey yaee eee iaia?oaeaiey ianoa i?aauaaiey:

Noae ioiaiyao ?aoaiea ia iauyaeaiee eeoea oia?oei.

A?ae ia ainnoaiaaeeaaaony.

Anee eiouanoai aacaiciacaeii ia?aoei e ae?oaei eeoeai e nio?aieeinue, oi
eeoei iiaeao eno?aaiaaoue yoi eiouanoai io ethaiai eeoea. E?iia iaeiiai
neo/ay, anee eoi-oi aeaiueae eee oeaiiua aoiaae ia i?aaeuyaeoaey aeae
aeia?iniaanoiiio i?eia?aoaoaeth. O iaai ia i?e eaeeo oneiaeyo ia
ecuiathony.

Anee eiouanoai ia?aoei ii aiciacaeiui naeaeeai, oi yoe eeoea aica?auatho
eiouanoai ,oieueei a oii neo/aa ,anee iie ciaee, /oi yoio /aeiaae oia?.

Iiaea e iiia/eoaeuenoai.

Iiaue AE aeeth/aao cia/eoaeueii aieueoa noaoae oaeiai ieaia, /ai eiaeaen
1960 aiaea. Aii?inu iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa ?aiueoa ?aaoee?iaaeenue
eiaeaenii i a?aea, naiuea e iiaea. Aii?inii iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa
iinayuaiu 31 -41 noaouee AE ?O. 11 noaoae. *oi oaeia iiaea e
iiia/eoaeuenoai e aeey /aai iii neoaeeo. Yoi i?aaiaie einoeooo,
i?ecaaiiue ainiieieoue ionoonoaea eee iaaeinoaoi/iinoue aeaaniiniaiinoe
a?aaeaeaieia ,a oae aea eiiiaine?iaaoue ia?aaeecoaioth aeaaniiniaiinoue.
Yoio einoeooo a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo aeiiieiyaony einoeoooii
aeiaa?eoaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey e inouanoaeyaony oae aea oi?ia iao?iiaaea
iaae aeaaniiniaiuie a?aaeaeaiaie.

Iiaea e iiia/eoaeuenoai i?aaeiieaaaao iaaeaeaiea niaoeeaeueiuo eeoe (
iiaeoiia e iiia/eoaeae ) i?aaaie e iaycaiiinoyie a oeaeyo ?aaeecaoeee
eie iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa. A ioiioaiee ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo –
inouanoaeytho ?iaeeoaee eee caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee. Iiaea –
onoaiaaeeaaaony iaae iaeieaoieie aei 14 eao , a oae aea iaae
a?aaeaeaiaie, i?ecaaiiua noaeii ii noaouea 29 AE iaaeaaniiniaiuie a neeo
ineoe/aneiai ?anno?ienoaa. Ana i?aaa auiieiytho iiaeoiu a neeo caeiia io
eiaie e a eioa?anao iiaeiia/iuo. Eeoea , iacia/aiiua iiaeoiaie e
iiia/eoaeyie ia ioaeaeathony a niaoeeaeueiuo iieiiii/eyo aeey caueou
i?aa naieo iiaeiia/iuo. Ia iniiaaiee ?aoaiey noaea (ii naiui ?aciui
iniiaaieyi). Inouanoaeyaony caeiiiuie i?aaenoaaeoaeyie. A iaeioi?uo
neo/ayo a neeo caeiia noaouey 31 AE. I?e ionoonoaee ?iaeeoaeae eee
onuiiaeoaeae eee anee ?iaeeoaee eeoaiu noaeii ?iaeeoaeueneeo i?aa,
eiaaea ?iaeeoaee oeeiiythony io ainieoaiey. Iiia/eoaeuenoai –
onoaiaaeeaaaony iaae iiae?inoeaie io 14 eao aei 18 eao e iaae
a?aaeaeaiaie, ia?aie/aiiuie a aeaaniiniaiinoe noaeii ,a neaaenoaee
ceioiio?aaeaiey nie?oiuie iaieoeaie eee ia?eioe/aneeie n?aaenoaaie.
Iiia/eoaee caiaiytho ?iaeeoaeae eee onuiiaeoaeae iiae?inoeia.
Iiae?inoee naie niaa?oatho naeaeee, ii n ienueiaiiiai niaeaney
iiia/eoaeae. A noaouea 33 iiia/eoaeue io?aiyao iiaeaaiia eeoei io
ceioiio?aaeaiee ni noi?iiu 3-o eeoe. I?aaiu iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa.
Ooieoeee yoeo i?aaiia. Yoi i?aaiu ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey . Acaeiinaycue
iaaeaeo noaeii e yoeie i?aaiaie. Noaouey 34 AE, iinayuaiiay i?aaiai
iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa . Ioieo 2 i?aaeienuaaao – noae iaycai a oa/aiee
3-o aeiae ni a?aiaie anooieaiey a caeiiioth neeo ?aoaiey i i?eciaiee
a?aaeaeaieia iaaeaaniiniaiui eee ia ia?aie/aiee aai aeaaniiniaiinoe
niiaueoue ia yoii i?aaio iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa ii ianoo aeeoaeuenoaa
aeey onoaiiaeaiey iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa. Iaycaiiinoue inouanoaeyoue
iaaeci? . Eoi iiaeao auoue iiaeoiii e iiia/eoaeai. Ia anyeia eeoei.
Anoue e ii?aaeaeaiiay i?ioeaaeo?a onoaiiaeaiey iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa:

A neeo caeiia.

Iacia/aiea i?aaiii iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa ii ianoo aeeoaeuenoaa a
oa/aiee 1 ianyoea. Ii a iaeioi?uo neo/ayo iiaeao auoue eneeth/aiea – ii
ianoo aeeoaeuenoaa iiaeoia. Anee eoi oi , eoi caeioa?aniaaiiue a caueoa
iiaeiia/iiai iiaeano ia iniiaaiee noaouee 35 AE ia aeaenoaey iiaeoia eee
iiia/eoaey a noae , oi noae iaycai ?anniio?aoue yoio aii?in.

Iiaeoi e iiia/eoaeue – niaa?oaiiieaoiee e ia eeoaiiue ?iaeeoaeueneeo
i?aa. E iaiaoiaeeii niaeanea iiaeiia/iiai , anee yoi aiciiaeii . Ia
oieueei niaa?oaiiieaoiee e aeaaniiniaiue , ii o/eouaathony i?aanoaaiiua
e eiua ee/iua ea/anoaa, niiniaiinoue auiieiaiey iaycaiiinoae. Anee eeoea
iiiauaiu a niaoeeaeueiua ioaeaeaiey ( ainieoaoaeueiua, ea/aaiua,
nioeeaeueiie caueou o/?aaeaeaiey ). Eiino?aiiua a?aaeaeaia iiaoo
inouanoaeyoue oaeiaua iaycaiiinoe , n o/aoii noaoona eiino?aioeaa. Anee
aue noaeeiui , ii iao ae?oaie eaiaeeaeaoo?u , oi iiaeii noaoue
iiia/eoaeai eee iiaeoiii.

A?aaeaeaia eae noauaeou a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa e iaycaiiinoae.

Iiaea e iiia/eoaeuenoai.

Eniieiaiea iiaeoiaie e iiia/eoaeyie naieo iaycaiiinoae.

Iau/ii i?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi iie eniieiyo naie iaycaiiinoe aanieaoii anee
yoi ia i?aaeoniio?aii caeiiii. Iie iaycaiu i?iaeeaaoue ni naieie
iiaeiia/iuie. ?acaeaeueiia i?iaeeaaiea – iinea 16 eao n niaeaney i?aaia
iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa. Iaycaiiinoe – niaea?aeaiea, ooiae, ea/aiea,
caueoa i?aa, caaioa ia iao/aiee e ainieoaiee. AE ?aaeaiaioe?oao
?anii?yaeaiea eiouanoaii iiaeiia/iiai. *anoi ouaieythony i?aaa
ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo , iaoiaeyueony iiae iiaeie. Anoue aa?aioey a AE
niaethaeaiey i?aa iiaeiia/iiai , eiio?ieue aaaeoo i?aaiu iiaee e
iiia/eoaeuenoaa . Aeioiaeu iiaeiia/iiai a?aaeaeaieia ?anoiaeothony
iiaeoiii eee iiia/eoaeai eneeth/eoaeueii a eioa?anao iiaeiia/iiai(
noaouey 37 AE). Niaea?aeaiea iiaeiia/iiai, cao?aou ia yoi ia o?aaotho
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?ac?aoaiey i?aaiia iiaee. Aac i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai
?ac?aoaiey i?aaia iiaee iiaeaaiue ia a i?aaa niaa?oaoue, a iiia/eoaeue
aeaaaoue niaeanea ia niaa?oaiea naeaeie :

naeaeee ii io/oaeaeaieth (iaiaio e aea?aieth) eiouanoaa iiaeiia/iiai.

naea/o aai a iaai eee a?aiaeo.

naea/o a caeia eiouanoaa.

naeaeie , aeaeoueo ioeac io i?eiaaeeaaeaueo iiaeiia/iiio i?aa ( ii
?acaeaeo eiouanoaa, auaeae ec aai aeieae e ae?oaeo naeaeie, aeaeoueo
oiaiueoaiea eiouanoaa iiaeiia/iiai)

Aeiaa?eoaeueiia oi?aaeaiea eiouanoaii iiaeiia/iiai.

Aai i?aaeiieaaaaony aiaae?eoue. Anoue oeac i?aceaeaioa i iaaauo oiiaeao.
Noaouey 38, 39. A iaeioi?uo neo/ayo iaiaoiaeeii iinoiyiii oi?aaeyoue
eiouanoaii a?aaeaeaieia( iai?eia? noaouey 43 i?e aacaanoiii ionoonoaee
). I?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe iinoiyiiiai oi?aaeaiey eiouanoaii, caeeth/aaony
aeiaiai? i aeiaa?eoaeueiii oi?aaeaiee, a ioiioaiee eiouanoaa
iiaeiia/iiai.

Inaiaiaeaeaiea e iono?aiaiea iiaeoiia e iiia/eoaeae io naieo
iaycaiiinoae:

A neo/aa aica?auaiey ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai ?iaeeoaeyi

A neo/aa onuiiaeaiey

I?e iiiauaiee iiaeiia/iiai a ainieoaoaeueiia eee ea/aaiia o/?aaeaeaiea.

A iaeioi?uo neo/ayo ii i?inueaa iiia/eoaey eee iiaeoia:

aieaciue

eciaiaiea eiouanoaaiiiai iieiaeaiey

ionoonoaea acaeiiiiieiaiey n iiaeiia/iui

Eiaaea iiaeoi eee iiia/eoaeue ia iaaeeaaeauei ia?acii eniieiyth naie
iaycaiiinoe.

I?ae?auaiea ninoiyiey iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa. I?eciaiea noaeii ?aoaiey
ia ioiaia iiaee eee iiia/eoaeuenoaa. Aeinoeaeaiea iiaeiia/iui 14 eao,
iiaea ia?a?anoaao a iiia/eoaeuenoai. Iiia/eoaeuenoai i?ae?auaaony ii
aeinoeaeaiee 18 eao (a oae aea iiaeii anooieoue a a?ae eee auoue
yiaineie?iaaiiui ). Iiaue naiaeiue eiaeaen ?innee (29 aeaeaa?y 1995
aiaea)- aaaaeai n 1 ia?oa 1996 aiaea.(?inneeneay Aacaoa 21 iay 1996
aiaea).

Iao?iiaae iaae aeaaniiniaiuie a?aaeaeaiaie. Iiaue AE a noaouea 41 aaae a
ia?aua einoeooo iao?iiaaea. Nooue iao?iiaaea – ii i?inueaa
niaa?oaiiieaoiaai aeaaniiniaiiai a?aaeaeaieia , eioi?ue ii ninoiyieth
caei?iauey ia iiaeao naiinoiyoaeueii inouanoaeyoue e caueuaoue naie
i?aaa e eniieiyoue iaycaiiinoe , iaae iei iiaeao auoue onoaiiaeaii
iiia/eoaeuenoai a oi?ia iao?iiaaea. Iiia/eoaeue – iiiiuiee , iacia/aaony
oieueei n niaeaney a?aaeaeaieia. ?anii?yaeaiea eiouanoaii – iiiiuiee
iiaeao eniieueciaaoue aeiaiai? aeiaa?eoaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey e aeiaiai?
ii?o/aiey. Yoe 2 oi?iu aeiaiai?a iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny iiiiuieeii.
Iiiiuiee inaiaiaeaeaaony io naieo iaycaiiinoae a oao aea neo/ayo, /oi e
iiia/eoaeue. Yoio aeie noaoae eiaeaena i?aiiaeaaaeny ?aiueoa a aeiea
naiaeiiai i?aaa, naaiaeiy ii ?acaeaaaony . A?aaeaeaia eae noauaeou
a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa. Ioaeii iiniio?aoue iinoaiiaeaiea ieaioia io 1
ethey 1996 aiaea . aianoa n oai ,anee a?aaeaeai ia ca?aaeno?e?iaai a
ea/anoaa i?aaei?eieiaoaey, oi noae a i?aaa i?eiaieoue. Iiaeaaaeiinoaaiiu
e aeaea i aaie?ionoaa eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey. Iiaoo
cayaeyoue a noae o?aaiaaiey aeey i?eciaiey eeoea aaie?ioii.

Oaia th?eaee/aneea eeoea eae noauaeou i?aaa.

1 ieoya?y.

TH?eaee/aneea eeoea

Yoi aoi?ie ianniaue aeae noauaeoia A?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa. Yoa
eiino?oeoeey i?eaeoiaia aua ?eineeie th?enoaie. I?eiaiyaony i?e ?acaeoee
oiaa?iiai i?iecaiaenoaa. Yoi eieeaeoeaiue noauaeo i?aaa. Oaeoth
o?aeoiaeo ioaeii aini?eieiaoue inoi?iaeii. O.e. iaeioi?ua th?. Eeoea
iiaoo auoue nicaeaiu iaeiei oece/aneei eeoeii (iaeii/eaiiay eiiiaiey)
One man company. *ai iauyniyaony oi ,/oi caeii aeiioneaao nicaeaiea
iaeiei oece/aneei eeoeii nicaeaiea th?eaee/aneiai eeoea. Caeii
oi?iaeueii ?ac?aoaao aeaeaoue yoi. E ii aeiioneaao ooieoeeiie?iaaiea th?
eeoea, anee ana o/anoieee auauee e?iia iaeiiai (eoi -oi oia? , eoi-oi
auoae o o.ae.) . Iii nio?aiyaony eae eeoei th?eaee/aneia . Aeaei a oii,
/oi eiino?oeoeey th?eaee/aneiai eeoea auiieiyao ooieoeeth ia?aie/aiey
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneiai ?enea ?acia?aie aeiaeaiiiai eaieoaea ( eiouanoaa)
. Anee th?eaee/aneia eeoei iaaie?ioeony, oi ii o?aaiaaieai e?aaeeoi?ia –
acuneaiea oieueei ec eiouanoaa th?eaee/aneiai eeoea. Ii ia eiouanoai
ee/iiai eeoea iii ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony . Yoi i?e/eia ii eioi?ie 20% eeoe
nicaeathony a aeaea iaeii/eaiiuo eiiiaiee. TH?eaee/aneia eeoei – aai
iiiyoea aeaao noaouey 48 AE. TH?eaee/aneei eeoeii i?eciaaony
i?aaiecaoeey, eioi?ay eiaao a nianoaaiiinoe, oicyenoaaiiii aaaeaiee eee
iia?aoeaiii oi?aaeaiee iainiaeaiiia eiouanoai e ioaa/aao ii naiei
iaycaoaeuenoaai yoei eiouanoaii. Iiaeao io naiaai eiaie i?eia?aoaoue e
inouanoaeyoue eiouanoaaiiua e ee/iua iaeiouanoaaiiua i?aaa, ianoe
iaycaiiinoe , auoue enooeii e ioaao/eeii a noaea.

I?eciaee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea :

I?aaiecaoeeiiiay oii?yaei/aiiinoue ( aaeeinoai ). Yoio i?eciae auiieiai
ia eeoei, anee o/?aaeeoaeue iiaeaioiaeo aeieoiaiou a niioaaonoaee n
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii (caeiiii) e ca?aaeno?e?oao th?eaee/aneia eeoei a
i?aaiao thnoeoeee (noaouey 51 AE). Oaeiai caeiia iiea iao , aue i?iaeo
, ii i?aceaeaio iaeiaeee ia iaai aaoi. Naaiaeiy aeaenoaoao ?yae aeoia
eanathueony ?aaeno?aoeee. Iieiaeaiea i ii?yaeea ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee noauaeoia i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Noaouey 52
AE – O/?aaeeoaeueiua aeieoiaiou th?eaee/aneiai eeoea. TH?eaee/aneia
eeoei ioi?ieaii n iiiaioa ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee.

Eiouanoaaiiay iainiaeaiiinoue . Iainiaeaiiia eiouanoai , eae ieieioi ii
7 eeieyi:

Io eiouanoaa o/?aaeeoaeae (o/anoieeia)

Io eiouanoaa oece/aneeo eeoe

Io eiouanoaa ae?oaeo th?eaee/aneeo eeoe

Io eiouanoaa ?O

Noauaeoia ?O

Io eiouanoaa ?aai/eo e neoaeaueo

Io eiouanoaa oi?aaeai/aneiai ia?niiaea.

TH?eaee/aneea naienoaa eiouanoaaiiie iainiaeaiiinoe – aaeain e niaoa.
Aaieianeee n/ao. Eiouanoai (aeeaaeu, aeaiueae, caeaiey, i?iaeoeoeey,
noaiee, nu?uea). Eiouanoaaiiua i?aaa – i?aai o?aaiaaoue io eiai -eeai
auieaou aeieaa e o.ae.

Aunooieaiea a noaea io naiaai eiaie.( eiaiai neoaeeo iaeiaiiaaiea
TH?eaee/aneiai eeoea. Aeey eiiia?/aneeo – oe?iaiiia iaeiaiiaaiea. Iii
i?enaaeaaaony a iiiaio aai ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee. Aeieaeii auoue
eneeth/aiea iiaoi?aiee, ii naaiaeiy aua ia naeaeaii. Eniieueciaaiea
yoiai iaeiaiiaaiey ia aeiioneaaony. Anee eoi-oi iacaeiiii eniieuecoao
iaeiaiiaaiea, ianao ioaaonoaaiiinoue. Niaoeeaeueiiai caeiia ia n/ao
yoiai iiea iao. ) I?aaiu th?eaee/aneiai eeoea – Noaouey 53. O/?aaeeoaee
iiaoo iiae?iaii ?anienaoue i?aaa i?aaiia, e eo eiiiaoaioeeth. Noaouey 53
– aiai?eo i cia/aieyo yoeo aeieoiaioia.

Naiinoiyoaeueiay eiouanoaaiiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.
Iii ecia/aeueii naii ii noaouea 48 AE – ianao ioaaonoaaiiinoue ii naiei
iaycaoaeuenoaai naiei eiouanoaii. Noaouey 56 AE – TH?eaee/aneea eeoea
ioaa/atho ii naiei iaycaoaeuenoaai anai i?eiaaeeaaeauei ei eiouanoaii,
e?iia oeiaine?iaaiiuo nianoaaiieeii o/?aaeaeaiee. O/?aaeaeaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiua – ia yaeythony nianoaaiieeii eiouanoaa , iie
iaaeaeythony eiouanoaii. Noaouey 120 AE. Anee ia iiaoo naie
?anieaoeoueny oi ioaa/aao nianoaaiiee, a aeaiiii neo/aa ainoaea?noai .
Eacaiiua i?aaei?eyoey. Yoi i?aaei?eyoey, nicaeaiiua ia aaca
oaaea?aeueiiai eiouanoaa ?innee. A noa?a iai?iiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.
Ainoaea?noai iiiiaaao ei, o.e. iie /anoi ia ?aioaaaeueiu . Ainoaea?noai
aeiiieieoaeueii noaneaeea?ii ioaa/aao ii eo aeieaai.

Ionoonoaea iaeiiai ec i?eciaeia aaaeao e iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoe
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.

Oeeeaeu e i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa TH?eaee/aneeo eeoe. Naii eo iacaaiea
icia/aao , oi /oi yoi ia th?eaee/aneia eeoei. Caeanue iao iaeiiai eee
ianeieueeeo i?eciaeia th?eaee/aneiai eeoea. Yoi iainiaeaiiia
iiae?acaeaeaiea th?eaee/aneiai eeoea, ?aniieiaeaiiia aia ianoa aai
iaoiaeaeaiey e inouanoaeythuaa ana eee /anoue aai ooieoeee.
I?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai – auiieiyao ooieoeeth oieueei caueou i?aa
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea eee i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai a aeaiiie ianoiinoe. Ii
noaouea 55 – iie iaaeaeyaony eiouanoaii th?eaee/aneei eeoeii,
aeaenoaotho ia iniiaaiee iieiaeaiee onoaiiaeaiiuo th?eaee/aneei eeoeii.
Nicaeaiey oeeeaeia e i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoa iaiai?aiu a onoaaa. Aeaenoaotho
ii aeiaa?aiiinoe. Ii aai aeieaai ioaa/aao th?eaee/aneia eeoei.

I?aainiiniaiinoue th?eaee/aneiai eeoea. Iii iiaeao eiaoue a?aaeaeaineea
i?aaa, niioaaonoaothua oeaee aai aeayoaeueiinoe, i?aaeoniio?aiiie
o/?aaeeoaeueiuie aeieoiaioaie e ianoe aaeaeaaoiua iaycaiiinoe. Iie
naiinoiyoaeueii inouanoaeytho naie i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe n iiiaioa
?aaeno?aoeee. Iaeiaei iaeioi?uie aeaeaie aeayoaeueiinoe iiaeii
caieiaoueny oieueei ii eeoeaicee. Eiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee ia iniiaaiee
iauae i?aainiiniaiinoe iiaoo caieiaoueny ethaie ia cai?auaiiie caeiiii
aeayoaeueiinoe. Iaeioi?ua i?aaiecaoeee eiatho niaoeeaeueioth
i?aainiiniaiinoue. Iaycaoaeueii iaaei ienaoue a onoaaa aeey
ioieoeeiaeueiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee e iaeiiia?/aneeo
th?eaee/aneeo eeoe ?iae aeayoaeueiinoe. I i?aainiiniaiinoe e?iia noaouee
49 AE aiai?eo 24/12/1994 aiaea iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa «I
eeoeaice?iaaiee ?acee/iie aeayoaeueiinoe» (?A 6 yiaa?y 1995 aiaea) oai
ii?yaeie aaaeaiey eeoeaiceiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe e ia?a/aiue aeaeia
aeayoaeueiinoe, o?aaothuae eeoeaicee e oiieiiii/aiiuo ia eo auaea/o
i?aaiia. Iinoaiiaeaiea io 17/7/1996 aiaea ? 830 « I eeoeaice?iaaiee
aeayoaeueiinoe a noa?a nioeeaeueiiai ianeoaeeaaiey».

?ai?aaiecaoeey e eeeaeaeaoeey th?eaee/aneeo eeoe. Nouanoaoao eae ieieioi
5 oi?i ?ai?aaiecaoeee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea:

Neeyiea

I?eniaaeeiaiea

?acaeaeaiea

Auaeaeaiea

I?aia?aciaaiea, eiaaea eiee/anoai th?eaee/aneeo eeoe ia iaiyaony.

?ai?aaiecaoeey th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.

Iia inouanoaeyaony ii ?aoaieth nianoaaiieea eiouanoaa, o/?aaeeoaeae
(o/anoieeia) th?eaee/aneiai eeoea, oiieiiii/aiiiai eie i?aaia (niaeanii
o/?aaeeoaeueiui aeieoiaioai) e ii ?aoaieth noaea. Iia iiaeao neoaeeoue a
iaeioi?uo neo/ayo neoaeeoue niiniaii ecaaaeaiey eeeaeaeaoeee
i?aaei?eyoey, a oii /enea ii aaie?ionoao. Ai anao oi?iao ioaeii eiaoue
iaeii ianoiyoaeuenoai, /oi anyeay eeeaeaeaoeey i?aaei?eyoey ianao
ca/aoee iiiiiieecaoeee. Oi?ia – neeyiea, i?eniaaeeiaiea e i?aia?aciaaiea
– o?aaoaony niaeanea aioeiiiiiieueiiai eiieoaoa. Ia/eiay n
oaaea?aeueiiai. A iaeioi?uo neo/ayo o?aaoaony i?aia?aciaaoue iaeii
th?eaee/aneia eeoei a ae?oaia (iai?eia? i?e i?aauoaiee 50 /aeiaae CAI
i?aia?acoaony a Ioe?uoia AI. Noaouey 57. Eae e nicaeaiea ?ai?aaiecaoeey
nii?iaiaeaeaaony ?aaeno?aoeeae. Iia caaa?oaaony i?aaiecaoeeae iiauo
th?eaee/aneeo eeoe. I?ioeaaeo?a inouanoaeaiey ?aaeno?aoeee th?eaee/aneeo
eeoe, yoi i?aaii?aainoai – ia?aoiae i?aa io ?ai?aaieciaaiiiai eeoea – e
aiiaue nicaeaaaaiiio. Iia nii?iaiaeaeaaony a eaaeaeii eiie?aoiii neo/aa
. Ioi?ieaiea ?ai?aaiecaoeee 2 niiniaa: Ninoaaeyaony ?acaeaeeoaeueiue
aaeain (i?e ia?auo 4 oi?iao ), a eioi?ii ii?aaeaeythony i?aaa e
iaycaiiinoe , eioi?ua iieo/aao i?aaii?aaiiee, eaeea iaycaoaeuenoaa iii
ia naay aa?ao. A ia?aaeaoi/iii aeoa oi aea aeieaeii auoue oeacaii, /uee
o?aaiaaiey aoaeoo oaeiaeaoai?youeny. Iaeei ec aeieoiaioia ia?aaeaaony
?aaeno?e?othuei i?aaiai , aianoa n onoaaaie iiauo th?eaee/aneeo eeoe. A
i?ioeanna onoaiiaeaiey ?acaeaeeoaeueiiai aaeaina onoaiaaeeaaaony – eoi
eaeea i?aaa ia naay aa?ao . Aaaeii onoaiiaeoue eiio ia?aoiaeyo
iaycaiiinoe. Yoi iiaeao auoue iaoi/ii eee iaiieii ii?aaeaeaii, eia/a
aiai?y – iaaiciiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue i?aaii?aaiieea noa?iai th?eaee/aneiai
eeoea. A eioa?anao iaania/aiey caueou i?aa e?aaeeoi?ia – i?eioeei
nieeaea?iie ioaaonoaaiiinoe i?aaii?aaiieeia ?ai?aaieciaaiiiai
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea a AE (ioieo 3 noaouee 60 ).

8 ieoya?y 1996 aiaea

Eeeaeaeaoeey TH?eaee/aneiai eeoea.

Nouanoaoao 2 niiniaa eeeaeaeaoeee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea:

Aeia?iaieueiue

I?eioaeeoaeueiue

A iaieo neo/ayo i?e eeeaeaeaoeee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea iii i?ae?auaaony ,
oo?a/eaaao naie noaoon , ieeaeiai i?aaii?aainoaa ia i?ienoiaeeo.

Aeia?iaieueiay eeeaeaeaoeey – a aeia?iaieueiii ii?yaeea th?eaee/aneia
eeoei iiaeao auoue eeeaeaee?iaaii ii aeaeaieth aai o/?aaeeoaeae
(o/anoieeia) eee oiieiiii/aiiiai eie i?aaia ( niaeanii o/?aaeeoaeueiui
aeieoiaioai ). A nayce n ii?aaeaeaiiuie iniiaaieyie. Iaeaieaa
?ani?ino?aiaiiuie iniiaaieyie yaeythony :

Enoa/aiey n?iea.

Aeinoeaeaiea oeaee aeayoaeueiinoe.

I?eciaiea noaeii iaaeaenoaeoaeueiie ?aaeno?aoeee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.

I?eioaeeoaeueiay eeeaeaeaoeey – inouanoaeyaony ii ?aoaieth noaea.

Iniiaaiey i?eioaeeoaeueiie eeeaeaeaoeee :

Aeayoaeueiinoue aac eeoeaicee.

Aeayoaeueiinoue cai?auaiiay caeiiii.

Iaiaeiie?aoiia ia?ooaiea caeiia (iai?eia? iaoieaoa iaeiaia, iaauiieiaiea
i?aaeienaiee NYN).

A?oaia ia?ooaiea caeiia.

Aaie?ionoai eee ianinoiyoaeueiinoue (iaaiciiaeiinoue oaeiaeaoai?aiey
o?aaiaaiey e?aaeeoi?ia) iii i?eiaiyaony oieueei e eiiia?/aneei
i?aaiecaoeeyi . E?iia eacaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Ec iaeiiia?/aneeo iaeioi?ua
– iio?aa. eiiia?aoeau, aeaaioai?eoaeueiua eee eiua oiiaeu. Enoi/ieee :
Noaouee AE – noaouey 61-65. Oaaea?aeueiua caeiiu, Oeacu I?aceaeaioa e
Iinoaiiaeaiey I?aaeoaeuenoaa.

I?ioeaaeo?a eeeaeaeaoeee :

Iaycaiiinoe eeoe e i?aaiia, i?eiyaoeo eeoaiea i eeeaeaeaoeee:

Iie ienueiaiii oaaaeiieytho i naiai ?aoaiee ?aaeno?e?othuee i?aai.

Iacia/atho eeeaeaeaoeeiiioth eiienneth (eeeaeaeaoi?a) ii niaeaniaaieth n
?aaeno?e?othuei i?aaiii.

Onoaiaaeeaatho ii?yaeie e n?iee eeeaeaeaoeee.

Yoi iniiaiua 3 iaycaiiinoe .

Iaycaiiinoe (ooieoeee) eeeaeaeaoeeiiiie eiiennee:

Ioaeeeaoeey eioi?iaoeee i eeeaeaeaoeee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea, ii?yaeea e
n?iea cayaeaiee o?aaiaaiee aai e?aaeeoi?ia ( n?ie ia iaiaa 2 ianyoeaa ).

I?eiyoea ia? e auyaeaieth e?aaeeoi?ia e eo ienueiaiiiio oaaaeiieaieth i
eeeaeaeaoeee.

I?eiyoea ia? e iieo/aieth aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.

Ninoaaeaiea i?iiaaeooi/iiai eeeaeaeaoeeiiiiai aaeaina ( ii ieii/aieth
n?iea i?aaeinoaaeaiey o?aaiaaiee e?aaeeoi?ia ) A yoii aaeaina aeieaeiu
auoue oeacaiiu naaaeaiey i ninoaaa eiouanoaa eeeaeaee?oaiiai
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea, naaaeaiey i ia?a/ia i?aaeuyaeaiiuo o?aaiaaiee
e?aaeeoi?ia e i ?acoeueoaoao eo ?anniio?aiey. Aeoeau e ianneau ( /oi
anoue e /oi iaaei ioaeaoue ).

Oaeiaeaoai?aiea o?aaiaaiee e?aaeeoi?ia, a niioaaonoaee n eiouanoaaiiui
ninoiyieai.

Ninoaaeaiea eeeaeaeaoeeiiiiai aaeaina.

Eioi?ie?iaaiea ?aaeno?e?othuaai i?aaia i caaa?oaiee eeeaeaeaoeee.

TH?eaee/aneia eeoei n/eoaaony eeeaeaee?iaaiiui iinea aianaiey caiene ia
yoii a ainoaea?noaaiiue ?aano? i eeeaeaeaoeee. Ana o?aaiaaiey iinea
yoiai n/eoathony iiaaoaiiuie. Noaouey 61 AE Onoaiiaeaia i/a?aaeiinoue e
enoi/ieee ( ca n/ao eaeiai eiouanoaa e eaeeo n?aaenoa ) oaeiaeaoai?aiey
o?aaiaaiee e?aaeeoi?ia eeeaeaee?oaiiai th?eaee/aneiai eeoea :

O?aaiaaiey a?aaeaeai i aiciauaiee a?aaea aeecie eee caei?iaueth (yoe
noiiu aeieaeiu auoue i?in/eoaiu e iaiauaiu, auaeaeaiu ec eiouanoaa ) .

?an/aou ii auieaoa auoiaeiuo iiniaee iaaiiui ?aaioieeai e iaeioi?uo
aeaeia aiciaa?aaeaeaiee ii aaoi?neei aeiaiai?ai.

O?aaiaaiey caeiaiauo e?aaeeoi?ia, o.a. oao o?aaiaaiee, eioi?ua
iaania/aiu caeiaii eiouanoaa aeieaeieea (eeeaeaee?oaiiai th?eaee/aneiai
eeoea), i?e yoii o?aaiaaiey oaeiaeaoai?ythony ca n/ao ia oieueei caeiaa
, ii e anaai eiouanoaa, eioi?ia anoue ia aeaiiue iiiaio o aeieaeieea.

Caaeieaeaiiinoue ii ieaoaaeai a athaeaeao e ai aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu.

?an/aou n ae?oaeie e?aaeeoi?aie .

Noaouey 64 AE. Oae auei aei oaa?aey 1996 aiaea. A niioaaonoaee n caeiiii
io 20/2/1996 aiaea ? 18- OC ( ?A 24/02/1996 «Caeii nie/a/iie yoeeaoee» )
Aeiiieiaiea a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue – noaei oaeiaeaoai?aiea o?aaiaaiee
aeeaae/eeia – a?aaeaeai. Oi?ioee?iaea : «I?e eeeaeaeaoeee aaieia eee
ae?oaeo e?aaeeoiuo o/?aaeaeaiee i?eaeaeathueo n?aaenoaa a?aaeaeai a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue oaeiaeaoai?ythony o?aaiaaiey a?aaeaeai yaeythueony
e?aaeeoi?aie aaieia eee ae?oaeo e?aaeeoiuo o/?aaeaeaiee , i?eaeaeathueo
n?aaenoaa a?aaeaeai». Yoeo n?aaenoa iiaeao oaaoeoue oieueei ia ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue, eee ia ia anth i/a?aaeue. Oiaaea yoe o?aaiaaiey
oaeiaeaoai?ythony i?iii?oeeiiaeueii noiiai o?aaiaaiee a i?aaeaeao
i/a?aaee . Aeooaeueiui noaea i?ioeaaeo?a eeeaeaeaoeee ii aaie?ionoaai.

15 ieoya?y 1996 aiaea.

Ianinoiyoaeueiinoue (aaie?ionoai TH?eaee/aneiai eeoea).

Aa iniaaiiinoe . Iaeii ec iniiaaiee i?eioaeeoaeueiie eeeaeaeaoeee.
Na?aae Aaeyaa – 2 aiaea iacaae aue aee?aeoi? oaaea?aeueiiai oi?aaeaiey
ii aeaeai i aaie?ionoaa. *ooue aieueoa 200 aeae i i?eciaiee aaie?ioaie
-1994 aiae. 1995 aiae – 469 aeae, ii iiaeaii cayaeaiee 1108 . I?eciaiea
aaie?ioii i?aaeoniio?aii noaoueae 65 AE. I?eciaiu aaie?ioaie e
eeeaeaee?iaaiu iiaoo auoue eiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee e?iia eacaiiiai
i?aaei?eyoey, iio?aaeoaeueneea eiiia?aoeau, aeaaioai?eoaeueiua eee eiua
oiiaeu. Aiciiaeiinoue yoei th?eaee/aneei eeoeai ii niaeaoaieth n
e?aaeeoi?aie i?eiyoue ?aoaiea i naiai aaie?ionoaa e aeia?iaieueiie
eeeaeaeaoeee. I?ioeaaeo?a onoaiaaeeaaaony caeiiii. I/a?aaeiinoue
oaeiaeaoai?aiey o?aaiaaiee noaouey 64 AE. Caeii io 19/10/1992 aiaea «I
ianinoiyoaeueiinoe (aaie?ionoaa) i?aaei?eyoee» (AAN 1993 aiae ?1 noaouey
6). Yoio caeii aaaaeai a aeaenoaea n 1 ia?oa 1993 aiaea ai ecaaaeaiea
nioeeaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe. Niaea?aeeo 51 noaoueth. Ii aeaao iiiyoey :
a?aeo?aaeiue oi?aaeythuee, eiieo?niay ianna, eiieo?niue oi?aaeythuee,
eiieo?niia i?iecaiaenoai.

1 ?acaeae – Iauea iieiaeaiey , aeatho i?eciaee ianinoiyoaeueiinoe.

2 ?acaeae – ?anniio?aiea aeae i aaie?ionoaa a a?aeo?aaeiii noaea.(eoi
iiaeaao cayaeaiea a a?aeo?aaeiue noae: nai aeieaeiee, e?aaeeoi?u,
i?ieo?i?)

3 ?acaeae – ?ai?aaiecaoeeiiiua i?ioeaaeo?u.(Aiaoiaa oi?aaeaiea
eiouanoaii aeieaeieea, o.a. i?eaea/aiea oi?aaeythuaai , Naiaoeey, o.a.
i?eiyoea ia? ii icaei?iaeaieth aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey ).

4 ?acaeae – I?eioaeeoaeueiay eeeaeaeaoeey i?aaei?eyoey – aeieaeieea ii
?aoaieth a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea. Eiieo?niia i?iecaiaenoai (i?ioeaaeo?a
iai?aaeaiiay ia i?eioaeeoaeueioth eee aeia?iaieueioth eeeaeaeaoeeth).

5 ?acaeae – Ie?iaia niaeaoaiea ( iaaeaeo aeieaeieeii e e?aaeeoi?aie).
Iiaeii noaaeoue aii?in oieueei i?e ?anniio?aiee o?aaiaaiee e?aaeeoi?ia 4
e iineaaeothuae i/a?aaeae (niio?e noaoueth 30 caeiia).

6 ?acaeae – Iai?aaiia?iua aeaenoaey aeieaeieea, nianoaaiieea
i?aaei?eyoey – aeieaeieea , e?aaeeoi?a e eiuo eeoe.

7 ?acaeae – Aianoaeaaiua i?ioeaaeo?u. Eae e /oi naeaeaoue anee o/anoieee
caoioyo ieioy noae aeiaiai?eoueny iaaeaeo niaie. Yoi aeia?iaieueiay
eeeaeaeaoeey aeieaeieea iiae iaaeci?ii e?aaeeoi?ia.

Aeou i aaie?ionoaa: Aeaaii iiaeaioiaeai i?iaeo iiaiai caeiia i
aaie?ionoaa. Ana aeou niioaaonoaotho AE. A caeiia i aaie?ionoaa anoue
noaouey 30 Ii?yaeie ?ani?aaeaeaiey eiieo?niie iannu . Caeanue
oaeiaeaoai?aiea o?aaiaaiee e?aaeeoi?ia. I?aaeoniio?aiu ia oieueei
i/a?aaee, ii e aiai/a?aaeiua ?anoiaeu e ieaoaaee. Ioieo 3 noaouee 65 AE.
Iniiaaiey i?eciaiey noaeii th?eaee/aneiai eeoea aaie?ioii , eeai
iauyaeaiey ei i naiai aaie?ionoaa, a oae aea ii?yaeie eeeaeaeaoeee
oaeiai th?eaee/aneiai eeoea onoaiaaeeaathony caeiiii i
ianinoiyoaeueiinoe ( aaie?ionoaa ). O?aaiaaiey e?aaeeoi?ia
oaeiaeaoai?ythony a i/a?aaeiinoe, i?aaeoniio?aiiie ioieoii 1 noaouee 64
AE. Noaouey 30 – ii?yaeie ?ani?aaeaeaiey eiieo?niie iannu ( eiouanoaa
aeieaeieea, ia eioi?ia iiaeao auoue ia?auaii acuneaiea a i?ioeanna
eiieo?niiai i?iecaiaenoaa ), niio?e ioieo 2, ii ia i?eiaiyaony, niio?e
noaoueth 64 AE. Ioieo 1 i aiai/a?aaeiuo ?anoiaeao – aeaenoaoao .

Aia i/a?aaee iie?uaathony ?anoiaeu, naycaiiua n:

Eiieo?niui i?iecaiaenoaii

Auieaoie aiciaa?aaeaeaiee a?aeo?aaeiiio e eiieo?niiio oi?aaeythuei.

I?iaeieaeaieai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?aaei?eyoey aeieaeieea.

Ia aaca AE , aue i?eiyo ?yae aeoia: Iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa io
20/05/1994 ?498 «I iaeioi?uo ia?ao ii ?aaeecaoeee caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i
ianinoiyoaeueiinoe (aaie?ionoaa) i?aaei?eyoee». I?aaeea i eeth/aauo
i?ioeaaeo?ao. I?eeiaeaiey e yoiio aeieoiaioo – 3 aeieoiaioa :

Nenoaia e?eoa?eaa aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie no?oeoo?u
aaeaina iaieaoaaeaniiniaiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Oai iieacaoaee aeey ioeaiee :

eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe.

eiyooeoeeaio iaania/aiiinoe nianoaaiiuie n?aaenoaaie.

eiyooeoeeaio ainnoaiiaeaiey (oo?aou) ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe.

Iieiaeaiea i ii?yaeea i?aaeinoaaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiie oeiainiaie
iiaeaea?aeee iaieaoaaeaniiniaiui i?aaei?eyoeyi e eniieueciaaiea n?aaenoa
oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa io?aneaauo e iaaeio?aneaauo aiaathaeaeaoiuo
oiiaeia a oeaeyo ?ai?aaiecaoeee eee eeeaeaeaoeee iaieaoaaeaniiniaiuo
i?aaei?eyoee.

Iieiaeaiea i ii?yaeea i?eiyoey ?aoaiee i aeia?iaieueiie eeeaeaeaoeee
i?aaei?eyoee – aeieaeieeia . Iii a ?onea aeiioneaaony e AE e caeiiii i
aaie?ionoaa. Yoi aeaeaaony aeey niya/aiey iaaeaaii?eyoiuo nioeeaeueiuo
iineaaenoaee. Ioieo 1 – aeaneo , aeia?iaieueiay eeeaeaeaoeey
i?aaei?eyoee- aeieaeieeia inouanoaeyaony ai aianoaeaaiii ii?yaeea ii
acaeiiiio niaeaneth iaaeaeo i?aaei?eyoea – aeieaeieeii e e?aaeeoi?aie a
oeaeyo oaeiaeaoai?aiey o?aaiaaiee e?aaeeoi?ia e i?aaeioa?auaiey
iaaaoeaiuo nioeeaeueiuo iineaaenoaee a nayce n aaie?ionoaii i?aaei?eyoee
(?A io 27/05/1994 e NC ?O 1994 ?5 noaouey 490.

?yae ae?oaeo iinoaiiaeaiee e oeacia i?aceaeaioa ?O. Iieiaeaiea «i
oaaea?aeueiii oi?aaeaiee ii aeaeai i ianinoiyoaeueiinoe (aaie?ionoaa)
i?e Ain Eii Eiouanoaa» io 20/09/1993 ?926 NAII 1993 ?39 noaouey 3615.
«Iieiaeaiea i ii?yaeea i?iaeaaee ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee» –
aeieaeieeia. Ooaa?aeaeaii oeacii i?aceaeaioa io 2/06/1994 ? 1114
?inneeneea Aanoe 8/06/1994 eee NC 1994 ?6 noaouey 592. I?iaeaaea a
/anoiua ?oee.

Oeac i?aceaeaioa «A?aiaiiia iieiaeaiea i ii?yaeea ia?auaiey acuneaiey ia
eiouanoai i?aaiecaoeee» io 14/02/1996 aiaea ? 199 (?A 21/02/1996).
Iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa io 15/05/1995 aiaea ? 469 ooaa?aeaeaii
iieiaeaiea «I i?iaeaaea ia aoeoeeiia eiouanoaa (aeoeaia ) eeeaeaee?oaiuo
e eeeaeaee?iaaiiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee» (NC
1995 ? 22 noaouey 2059.

Aeaeu th?eaee/aneeo eeoe.

Nouanoaoao neiaeiay e iaoe?iay eeanneoeeaoeey th?eaee/aneeo eeoe ii
?acee/iui e?eoa?eyi. Eeanneoeeaoeey oaeeo noauaeoia eiaao i/aiue aaaeiia
i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea. Aeaeaiea th?eaee/aneeo eeoe ia aeaeu ii 5
e?eoa?eyi:

A caaeneiinoe io i?aa, eioi?ua o/?aaeeoaee (o/anoieee) eiatho a
ioiioaiee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea eeai aai eiouanoaa. Niio?e ioieo 2 e 3
noaouee 48.

Ii yoiio e?eoa?eth th?eaee/aneea eeoea aeaeyony ia:

TH?eaee/aneea eeoea, a ioiioaiee eioi?uo eo o/anoieee eiatho
iaycaoaeuenoaaiiua i?aaa. (Oicyenoaaiiua oiaa?euanoaa, iauanoaa e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua e iio?aaeoaeueneea eiiia?aoeau)

TH?eaee/aneea eeoea, ia eiouanoai eioi?uo eo o/?aaeeoaee eiatho i?aai
nianoaaiiinoe eee eiia aauiia i?aai. (Ainoaea?noaaiiua e ioieoeeiaeueiua
oieoa?iua i?aaei?eyoey , a oii /enea aei/a?iea e oeiaine?oaiua
nianoaaiieeii o/?aaeaeaiey )

TH?eaee/aneea eeoea , a ioiioaiee eioi?uo eo o/?aaeeoaee (o/anoieee) ia
eiatho eiouanoaaiiuo i?aa.( Iauanoaaiiua e ?aeeaeiciua i?aaiecaoeee
(iauaaeeiaiey) , aeaaioai?eoaeueiua e eiua oiiaeu, iauaaeeiaiey
th?eaee/aneeo eeoe (annioeeaoeee e nithcu) .

A caaeneiinoe io iaee/ey eee ionoonoaey iieo/aiey i?eauee eae iniiaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.

Ii yoiio e?eoa?eth th?eaee/aneea eeoea aeaeyony ia:

Eiiia?/aneea – yoi niio?e noaoueth 50 AE

Oicyenoaaiiua oiaa?euanoaa e iauanoaa :

Iieiia oiaa?euanoai (noaouee 66-68+69-81 AE),

Oiaa?euanoai ia aa?a «Eiiiaiaeeoiia oiaa?euanoai» (noaouee 66-68+82-86),

Iauanoai n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth «III» (noaouee 66-68+87-94
AE),

Iauanoai n aeiiieieoaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth (noaouee 66-68+95 AE),

Aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai «AI» (noaouee 66-68+96-104 AE e Caeii «Ia
aeoeeiia?iuo iauanoaao «26/12/1995 (?A 1995/29/12 )), «IAI» e «CAI»,

Aei/a?iaa oicyenoaaiiia iauanoai (noaouee 66-68+105 AE +Caeii),

Caaeneiia oicyenoaaiiia iauanoai (noaouee 66-68 + 106 AE),

I?iecaiaenoaaiiue eiiia?aoea (noaouey 107-112 AE+ Caeii i
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo eiiia?aoeaao (?A io 16/05/1996 )),

Oieoa?iia ainoaea?noaaiiia e ioieoeeiaeueiia (noaouey 112-115 AE),

Eacaiiua i?aaei?eyoey (noaouey 115 AE e oeiiaie onoaa io 12 08 94 NAII
1994 ?17 noaouey 1982).

Iaeiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee yoi niio?e noaoueth 50 AE :

1) Iio?aaeoaeueneea eiiia?aoeau (noaouey 116 AE).

2) Iauanoaaiiua i?aaiecaoeee e iauaaeeiaiey (noaouey 117 AE).

3) ?aeeaeiciua i?aaiecaoeee e iauaaeeiaiey (noaouey 117 AE).

4) Oeiaine?oaiua nianoaaiieeii o/?aaeaeaiey (noaouey 120 AE).

5) Aeaaioai?eoaeueiua e eiua oiiaeu (noaouey 118-119 AE).

6) Annioeeaoeee e nithcu (noaouey 123-123 AE).

Niio?e oae aea caeiiu : Caeii «I iaeiiia?/aneeo i?aaiecaoeeyo» io
12/01/1996 (?A io 24/01/1996 aiaea) , oai e?iia oao aeaeia anoue
iaeiiia?/aneia ia?oia?noai (noaouey 8 caeiia) e aaoiiiiiua
iaeiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee (noaouey 10 caeiia).Caeii 19/05/1995 aiaea
«Ia iauanoaaiiuo iauaaeeiaieyo» (NC io 1995 aiaea ?21 noaouey 1930).
Iaeiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee a i?aaa caieiaoueny eiiia?/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoueth, ii i?e 2-oo oneiaeyo:

Anee yoa aeayoaeueiinoue neoaeeo aeinoeaeaieth oeaeae ?aaee eioi?uo iie
nicaeaiu.

Anee yoa aeayoaeueiinoue niioaaonoaoao yoei oeaeyi.

22 ieoya?y 1996 aiaea

Aeaeu th?eaee/aneeo eeoe.

Eeanneoeeaoeey ii nayce n eiouanoaii th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.

Oi?iu th?eaee/aneeo eeoe:

Oicyenoaaiiua oiaa?euanoaa e iauanoaa. Iieiaeaiey noaouee 66 -68 AE.
Oicyenoaaiiia oiaa?euanoaaie e iauanoaaie i?eciathony :

Eiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee n ?acaeaeaiiui ia aeiee (aeeaaeu)
o/?aaeeoaeae (o/anoieeia) onoaaiuo (neeaaei/iuo) eaieoaeia. Yoi iauaa
ii?aaeaeaiea . Eiouanoai , nicaeaiiia ca n/ao aeeaaeia o/?aaeeoaeae (
o/anoieeia) a oae aea i?iecaaaeaiiia e i?eia?aoaiiia oiaa?euanoaaie eee
iauanoaaie a i?ioeanna eo aeayoaeueiinoe i?eiaaeeaaeeo naiiio
oiaa?euanoao eee iauanoao ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. Aeeaaeii ia iiaeao
auoue iauaeo eioaeeaeooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe (iaoaio , iauaeo aaoi?neiai
i?aaa, aeeth/ay i?ia?aiiu aeey YAI e iio-oao). A ea/anoaa aeeaaea iiaeao
auoue i?aai iieueciaaiey oaeei iauaeoii.

Iieiia oiaa?euanoai – o/anoieee eioi?iai (iieiua oiaa?eue) a
niioaaonoaee n caeeth/aiiui iaaeaeo ieie aeiaiai?ii caieiathony
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoueth io eiaie oiaa?euanoaa, ianoo
noaneaeea?ioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue ii aai iaycaoaeuenoaai i?eiaaeeaaeauei
ei eiouanoaii. Eaaeaeue eiaao i?aai caeeth/aoue aeiaiai? e iaeei
o/anoiee iiaeao ioaa/aoue ca anao . Oe?iaiiia iaeiaiiaaiea aeeth/aao
eiaia anao o/anoieeia n aeiaaaeaieai neia e eiiiaiee , a oae aea + neiaa
iieiiai oiaa?euanoaa eee eiy iaeiiai ec o/anoieeia e «neiaa» iieiiai
oiaa?euanoaa.

Oiaa?euanoai ia aa?a (eiiiaiaeeoiia oiaa?euanoai). 2 aeaea o/anoieeia –
iieiua oiaa?eue n ?aaeeiii (noaoonii o/anoey e ioaaonoaaiiinoueth eae
iieiua oiaa?eue, a iieiii oiaa?euanoaa). – Aeeaae/eee eee
eiiiaiaeeoenou, oa eoi o/anoaoao oieueei naiei eiouanoaii, a aeaeao
oiaa?euanoaa eae i?aaeei ia o/anoaotho, anee ia oaeiaia ia
i?aaeoniio?aii onoaaii e ioaa/atho ii aeieaai naiei aeeaaeii. A
oe?iaiiii iaeiaiiaaiee aeeaae/eee ia oeacuaathony.

Iauanoai n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth «III» – i?eciaaony
o/?aaeaeaiiia iaeiei eee ianeieueeeie eeoeaie iauanoai, onoaaiie eaieoae
eioi?iai ?acaeaeai ia aeiee , a ii?aaeaeaiiuo o/?aaeeoaeueiuie
aeieoiaioaie ?acia?ia. O/anoieee «III» ia ioaa/atho ii aai
iaycaoaeuenoaai e ianoo ?ene oauoeia iauanoaa eeoue a i?aaeaeao naieo
aeeaaeia.

Iauanoai n aeiiieieoaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth.

Aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai – iauanoai, onoaaiie eaieoae eioi?iai ?acaeaeai ia
ii?aaeaeaiiia /enei aeoeee. E o/anoieee eioi?iai ia ioaa/atho ii aai
iaycaoaeuenoaai, o.a. ianoo ?ene oauoeia AI eeoue a i?aaeaeao naieo
aeoeee. Noaouey 96. 2 aeaea : CAI e AI. Anee aeoeee CAI ?ani?aaeaeythony
oieueei n?aaee o/?aaeeoaeae eee eiiai ca?aiaa ii?aaeaeaiiiai e?oaa
o/anoieeia , oi yoi CAI. Oi?ia IAI , aaea ?ani?ino?aiythony aeoeee ii
ioe?uoie iiaeienea. ?acee/ey ii /anoe ieieiaeueiiai onoaaiiai eaieoaea.
Aeey IAI yoi 1000 ieieiaeueiuo ?acia?ia iieaou , a aeey CAI – 100
ieieiaeueiuo ?acia?ia iieaou. Aeayoaeueiinoue AI – o/anoieee ianoo
ia?aie/aiioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

29 ieoya?y 1996 aiaea.

Aeaeu eiiia?/aneeo e iaeiiia?/aneeo th?eaee/aneeo eeoe.

Caaeneiua e aei/a?iea oicyenoaaiiua iauanoaa. Aei/a?iea oicyenoaaiiua
iauanoaa – yoi iauanoaa /uee ?aoaiey eiatho aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeyoue
ae?oaia (iniiaiia ) oicyenoaaiiia iauanoai eee oiaa?euanoai a neeo
i?aiaeaaeathuaai o/anoey a aai onoaaiii eaieoaea, eeai a niioaaonoaee n
caeeth/aiiui iaaeaeo ieie aeiaiai?ii, eeai eiui ia?acii. Noaouey 105 AE
aiai?eo i aei/a?ieo iauanoaao. Noaouey 6, ioieo 2 Caeiia ia AI
26/12/1995. Aei/a?iaa iauanoai ia ioaa/aao ii aeieaai iniiaiiai. Yoi e a
AE e noaoueyo caeiia. Ioieo 3 noaouee 6 caeiiia ia AI. Eiaaea iniiaiia
iauanoai- iii ioaa/aao , ianao nieeaea?ioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue n aei/a?iei
iauanoaii. I?aai aeaaaoue oeacaiey – eeai a aeiaiai?a eeai a onoaaa
aei/a?iaai iauanoaa. Caaeneiua oicyenoaaiiia iauanoai – yoi eeai «AI» ,
eeai «III». Aieaa 20 % aieinothueo aeoeee eee onoaaiiai eaieoaea
eioi?iai eiaao ae?oaia i?aiaeaaeathuaa o/anoaothuaa iauanoai. Caeanue
acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo iaeiei e ae?oaei th?eaee/aneei eeoeii. Aieinothuea
– iau/iua aeoeee (ia i?eaeeaae?iaaiiua). Noaouey 106 AE e noaouey 6,
ioieo 4 caeiia ia AI. Caaeneiia e aei/a?iaa oicyenoaaiiua iauanoaa.

I?iecaiaenoaaiiua eiiia?aoeau. I?iecaiaenoaaiiue eiiia?aoea (a?oaeue)-
yoi aeia?iaieueiia iauaaeeiaiea a?aaeaeai ia iniiaa /eainoaa aeey
niaianoiie i?iecaiaenoaaiiie eee eiie oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
(i?iecaiaenoai, ia?a?aaioea, nauo ?acee/iie i?iaeoeoeee, auiieiaiea
?aaio , oi?aiaey , auoiaia ianeoaeeaaiea, ieacaiea oneoa) iniiaaiiia ia
eo ee/iii o?oaeiaii e eiii o/anoee e iauaaeeiaiee aai /eaiaie
(o/anoieeaie) eiouanoaaiiuo iaaauo aciinia. Noaouey 107- 112 AE + Caeii
i i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo eiiia?aoeaao, iiaeienaiiue i?aceaeaioii 8 iay 1996
aiaea ? 41-OC (?A 16 iay 1996 aiaea). Ii i?aaeiieaaaao :

/eainoai( o/anoieee – /eaiu )

iie ia oieueei aiinyo eiouanoaaiiue iaaaie aciin , ii e i?eieiatho
ee/iia o?oaeiaia o/anoea a a?oaee.

iniaaiiinoe ioaaonoaaiiinoe – /eaiu ioaa/atho noaneaeea?ii ii
iaycaoaeuenoaai eiiia?aoeaa, a ?acia?a ii?aaeaeyaiii onoaaii eiie?aoiiai
eiiia?aoeaa.

Ainoaea?noaaiiua( oaaea?aeueiua e noauaeoa oaaea?aoeee) e
ioieoeeiaeueiua (nicaeaiiua ia aaca eiouanoaa ai?iaeneiai eee naeueneiai
iinaeaiey) oieoa?iua i?aaei?eyoey. Oieoa?iia i?aaei?eyoea(noaouey 113
AE) – yoi eiiia?/aneay i?aaiecaoeey , ia iaaeaeaiiay i?aaii
nianoaaiiinoe ia cae?aieaiiia ca iae nianoaaiieeii eiouanoai. Eiouanoai
oieoa?iiai i?aaei?eyoey yaeyaony iaaeaeeiui e ia ?ani?aaeaeyaony ii
aeeaaeai ( aeieyi , iayi ), a oii /enea iaaeaeo ?aaioieeaie aeaiiiai
i?aaei?eyoey . I?aaei?eyoea ia nianoaaiiee eiouanoaa. I?aaa ia eiouanoaa
:

I?aai oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey (noaouey 114 AE). Oaeea i?aaei?eyoey
yaeythony eiiia?/aneeie i?aaiecaoeeyie , a naie ioaa/atho ii naiei
aeieaai , nianoaaiiee ii eo aeieaai ia ioaa/aao e?iia neo/ay a noaouea
56.

I?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey (noaouey 115 AE)(oaaea?aeueiua eacaiiua
i?aaei?eyoey). Eacaiiua i?aaei?eyoey naie ioaa/atho ii naiei aeieaai ,
ii anee eo eiouanoaa ia aeinoaoi/ii, oi noaneaeea?ii (aeiiieieoaeueii)
ioaa/aao ?O. Yoi i?aaei?eyoey (iai?iiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe ) iai?iiee e
eacaiiua i?aaei?eyoey iano eeoaiey naiaiaeu.

Iaeua i?aaei?eyoey , niaianoiua e o.i. – yoi eeoue iacaaiey i?ecaaiiua
io?aceoue niaoeeoeeo ninoaaa, eaieoaea eee nayce n eiino?aiiuie
ia?oia?aie. (i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaua oi?iu o oaeeo i?aaei?eyoee niio?e
auoa). Iaeia i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai – eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua i?aaei?eieiaoaee
e eiii th? eeoea – iaeua i?aaei?eyoey (a oi?ia AI e III), ii i?e/eia
iniaaiiinoae eiouanoaaiiie aacu eee ninoaaa ?aaioieeia. Ioieo 1 noaouee
3 caeiia ?O io 14 ethiy 1995 aiaea ? 88 – OC « I ainoaea?noaaiiie
iiaeaea?aeea iaeiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa » iiae noauaeoaie iaeiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa (iaeuie i?aaei?eyoeyie) – iiieiathony eiiia?/aneea
i?aaiecaoeee a onoaaiii eaieoaea eioi?uo aeiey o/anoey ?O , noauaeoia
?O, iauanoaaiiuo e ?aeeaeiciuo i?aaiecaoeee (iauaaeeiaiee),
aeaaioai?eoaeueiuo e eiuo oiiaeia ia i?aauoaao 25 % ; Aeiey
i?eiaaeeaaeauay iaeiiio eee ianeieueeei th?eaee/aneei eeoeai ia
yaeythueony noauaeoaie iaeiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa ia i?aauoaao 25 % e
a eioi?uo n?aaeiyy /eneaiiinoue ?aaioieeia ca io/aoiue ia?eiae ia
i?aauoaao neaaeothueo i?aaeaeueiuo o?iaiae :

a i?iiuoeaiiinoe – 100 /aeiaae.

a no?ieoaeuenoaa e ia o?ainii?oa – 100 /aeiaae

a naeueneii oicyenoaa – 60 /aeiaae

a iao/ii oaoie/aneeo – 60 /aeiaae.

a oi?aiaea e auoiaii ianeoaeeaaiee – 30 /aeiaae.

a iioiaie oi?aiaea e inoaeueiuo io?aneyo – 50 /aeiaae.

Niio?e NC ?O 1995 aiae ? 25 noaouey 2343 e ?A 20 ethiy 1995 aiaea.
Oaaea?aeueiue caeii «Ia oi?iuaiiie nenoaia iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey , o/aoa e
io/aoiinoe aeey noauaeoia iaeiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa». Oeac
i?aceaeaioa io 4 ai?aey 1996 aiaea ? 491 « I ia?aii/a?aaeiuo ia?ao
ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee iaeiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa a ?O» (?A
16/04/1996).

Niaianoiua i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaei?eyoey ni 100% eiino?aiiiai eaieoaea –
yoi i?aaei?eyoey n eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyie . Iie ?aaeno?e?othony
iaeaoie i?e ieienoa?noaa yeiiiieee ?O, nicaeaiioth ii iinoaiiaeaieth
i?aaeoaeuenoaa (aicaeaaeyao ssnei). Aeaenoaoao Caeii «Ia eiino?aiiuo
eiaanoeoeeyo» io 4 ethey 1991 aiaea (AAN 1991 ?29 noaouey 1008).

Iaeiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee. Ia?yaeo n eiiia?/aneeie nouanoaotho
iaeiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee iniiaiie aeayoaeueiinoueth eioi?uo ia
yaeyaony iieo/aiea i?eauee . E iei ioiinyony iio?aaeoaeueneea
eiiia?aoeau (noaouey 116). Yoi aeia?iaieueiua iauaaeeiaiey a?aaeaeai .
Iie ianoo noaneaeea?ioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue . Caeiia ia eo iiea iao.
Noaouey 50 AE. Iiaoo inouanoaeyoue i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneoth
aeayoaeueiinoue. Aeioiaeu ?ani?aaeaeythony iaaeaeo /eaiaie. 12/01/1996 –
«Caeii i iaeiiia?/aneeo i?aaiecaoeeyo » (?A 24/01/1996).

Iauanoaaiiua e ?aeeaeiciua i?aaiecaoeee (iauaaeeiaiey). Aeey
oaeiaeaoai?aiey aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae. Caeii io 19 iay 1995 aiaea ?82
. Io 14 ia?oa 1995 aiaea. ? 248 – iieiaeaiea i ii?yaeea ia?aaea/e
?aeeaeiciiai eiouanoaa.

Aeaaioai?eoaeueiua eee eiua oiiaeu – noaouee 118-119. Ia iniiaa aciinia.
I?aneaaeotho iieaciua oeaee.

O/?aaeaeaiey (noaouey 120)- aeey inouanoaeaiey oi?aaeai/aneeo,
nioeeaeueii eoeueoo?iuo eee eiuo ooieoeee. Oeiaine?oaony ca n/ao
nianoaaiieea.

Iauaaeeiaiey th?eaee/aneeo eeoe (annioeeaoeee e nithcu). Noaouee 121
-123 AE. E iaeiiia?/aneea e eiiia?/aneea th? eeoea iiao iauaaeeiyoueny a
annioeeaoeee e nithcu. A oeaeyo eii?aeeiaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe e caueou
eioa?ania. Annioeeaoeey iiaeao nicaeaoue ioaeaeueiia iauanoai n i?aaaie
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea. Eee o/anoaiaaoue a oaeii iauanoaa.

Iaeiiia?/aneia ia?oia?noai (noaouey 8 caeiia i iaeiiia?/aneeo
i?aaiecaoeeyo) Yoi iniiaaiiay ia /eainoaa iaeiiia?/aneay i?aaiecaoeey,
o/?aaeaeaiiay a?aaeaeaiaie eee th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie aeey niaeaenoaey
aa /eaiai a inouanoaeaiee aeayoaeueiinoe , iai?aaeaiiie ia aeinoeaeaiea
nioeeaeueiuo, aeaaioai?eoaeueiuo, ia?aciaaoaeueiuo , iao/iuo eee
oi?aaeai/aneeo oeaeae.

Aaoiiiiiay iaeiiia?/aneay i?aaiecaoeey – yoi ia eiathuay /eainoaa
iaeiiia?/aneay i?aaiecaoeey o/?aaeaeaiiay oae aea a?aaeaeaiaie eee th?
eeoeaie ia iniiaa aeia?iaieueiuo eiouanoaaiiuo aciinia a oeaeyo
i?aaeinoaaeaiey oneoa a iaeanoe ia?aciaaiey, cae?aaiio?aiaiey ,
eoeueoo?u, iaoee, i?aaa, nii?oa e eiuo oneoa.

Noauaeou a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa.

TH?eaee/aneea eeoea ?O , noauaeou ?O e ana a?aaeaeaia. Noaouey 124-127.
O/anoieee ioaa/atho naiinoiyoaeueii, eiouanoaii. Noaouey 214 -215.

Iauaeou A?aaeaeaineeo i?aa.

Aeaeu iauaeoia –

Aaue, aeeth/ay aeaiueae e oeaiiua aoiaae

Eiouanoaaiiua i?aaa

?aaiou e oneoae

Eioi?iaoeey

?acoeueoaou eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe

Eneeth/eoaeueiua i?aaa ia ieo (eioaeeaeooaeueiay nianoaaiiinoue)

Iaiaoa?eaeueiua aeaaa.

Aauue-yoi i?aaeiao i?e?iaeu eee i?iaeoeo o?oaea, iaeaaeathuee
oece/aneeie, oeie/aneeie, aeieiae/aneeie, e o.i. naienoaaie o.a.
iaoo?aeueiie oi?iie . Aaoe iiaeaa?aeaiu eciino o.a. aii?oecaoeee. Aaoe
yoi iaoa?eaeueiua (oaeaniua iauaeou). Iie aeaeyony ia aeaeu.

Ii eo aiciiaeiinoe io/oaeaeaoueny (noaouey 129 AE ?O):

Iai?ioiniiniaiua (iiaoo naiaiaeii io/oaeaeaoueny, ia?aoiaeeoue a
ii?yaeea i?inoiai «oieueei i?aai» e oieaa?naeueiiai i?aaii?aainoaa.

Iaiai?iiiniiniaiua (ecuyoua ec iai?ioa aaue).

Ia?aie/aiii iai?ioiniiniaiua. ( A iai?ioa ii niaoeeaeueiiio ?ac?aoaieth
) «iai?eia? i?oaeea».

5 Iiya?y 1996 aiaea

Aeaeaeeiua e iaaeaeaeeiua aaue . Aeaeaeeiinoue e iaaeaeaeeiinoue.
Ia?aiauaaiua e iaia?aiauaaiua. E?eoa?ee :

Anoanoaaiiay i?e?iaea aauae ( eo aiciiaeiinoue e ia?aaeaeaeaieth eee
iaaiciiaeiinoue ia?aaeaeaaoue yoo aauue )

TH?eaee/aneee e?eoa?ee (aauue iiaeaeaeia , a a caeiia iaaeaeaeia).

Naeaeee e i?aaa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue – aieaa no?iai oi?iaeeciaaiu. Ii yoei
niia?aaeaieyi – iiaeaeaeiia eiouanoai i?eciaaony iaaeaeaeeiui . Noaouey
143, 130 AE. E iaaeaeaeeiui aauai ( iaaeaeaeeiiio eiouanoao,
iaaeaeaeeiinoe ) ioiinyony :

Caiaeueiua o/anoee

O/anoee iaae?

Iainiaeaiiua aiaeiua iauaeou

Ana , /oi i?i/ii naycaii n caieae , o.a. iauaeou , ia?aiauaiea eioi?uo
aac iani?acia?iiai oua?aa eo iacia/aieth iaaiciiaeii. A oii /enea eana,
iiiaieaoiea ianaaeaeaiey, caeaiey e nii?oaeaiey.

Ii th?eaee/aneiio e?eoa?eth e iaaeaeaeeiui aauai ioiinyony oae aea
iiaeeaaeauea ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee aicaeooiua e ii?neea noaea,
noaea aioo?aiiaai ieaaaiey, einie/aneea iauaeou e o.i.

Aeaeaeeiua aaue (noaouey 130 AE):

Ii eiaeaeno e aeaeaeeiui aauai ioianaiu ana aaue ia ioiinyueany e
iaaeaeaeeiinoe. Aeaeaeeiua – aeaiueae e oeaiiua aoiaae. A noaouea 130 AE
oeacaiii oieueei ia iaeii aaaeiia ?acee/ea . Iii naycaii n ?aaeno?aoeeae
i?aa ia yoe aaue. I?aaa ia aeaeaeeiua aaue ia ?aaeno?e?othony , e?iia
neo/aaa oeacaiiuo a caeiia. I?aai ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue iiaeeaaeeo
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee (noaouey 131 AE). Caeii « I ?aaeno?aoeee
i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue e naeaeie n ieie » , iiea ia iioaeeeiaai .
Oa?aeoa?enoeea iaaeaeaeeiuo aauae a neeo eo i?e?iaeu . Noaouey 130 –
anoanoaaiiay i?e?iaea iaaeaeaeeiuo aauae. Iauaeou, ia?aiauaiea eioi?uo
iaaiciiaeii eee aiciiaeii i?e nio?aiaiee eo iacia/aiey.

Ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey iaaeaeaeeiinoe:

Naaiaeiy ?aaeno?e?otho ?aciua i?aaiu. Caiaeueiua o/anoee – ianoiua
i?aaiu eiieoaoa ?in Eii Cai. I?aaa ia eaa?oe?u – Aeaia?oaiaio
ioieoeeiaeueiiai aeeeuey . Naeaeee n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth aieaa
oi?iaeeciaaiu – o?aaoaony iioa?eaeueiia oaeinoiaa?aiea e ?aaeno?aoeey.
Aoaeao nei?i aac iioa?eaeueiiai oaeinoiaa?aiey, aai iooanieo
ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey.

Ii noaouea 131 – i?aaa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue aeieaeiu ?aaeno?e?iaaoueny a
aaeeiii ainoaea?noaaiiii ?aano?a o/?aaeaeaieyie thnoeoeee. Eaeea i?aaa
iiaeeaaeao ?aaeno?aoeee:

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe

I?aai oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey

I?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey

I?aai iiaeeciaiiiai ianeaaeoaiiai aeaaeaiey

Ana aeaeu aauiuo i?aa ia caieth:

i?aai iinoiyiiiai iieueciaaiey

eiioaea,

na?aeooou

Noaouey 131 – aiai?eo, /oi i?e oaeie nenoaia i?aai inouanoaeythuee
?aaeno?aoeeth iaycai oaeinoiaa?eoue ?aaeno?aoeeth iooai auaea/e
aeieoiaioa i ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiii i?aaa eee niaa?oeoue caienue ia
aeiaiai?a ii o?aaiaaieth. Eioi?iaoeey i ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia
iaaeaeaeeiinoue aeieaeia auoue aeinooiia ethaiio eeoeo. Aiciiaeia eeoue
ieaoa ca iiaeaioiaeo aeieoiaioia.

Iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiinoe – i?aaei?eyoea. Iii ia?aaeei aunooiaao eae noauaeo
e iauaeo i?aaa. I?aaei?eyoea – eae iauaeo a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa ( anee aai
?anniao?eaaoue ia eae noauaeo i?aaiioiioaiee) , yoi eiouanoaaiiue
eiiieaen eniieuecoaiue aeey i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Noaouey 132.

Aeaeeiua e iaaeaeeiua aaue.

Aiciiaeiinoue ?acaeaea aaue ia /anoe , aeiee aac eciaiaiey aa
iacia/aiey. Anee iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue , oi aeaeeiia , iaeuecy – oi
iaaeaeeiia.

Neiaeiua aaue .

Iaai?u eieeaeoeeiiiua e ae?oaea. Iauea i?aaeea ia eiouanoaa.

I?aaiaie ?aaeei aeaiaa . Oa?aeoa?enoeea iauaeoia a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa
eaeao ia a oaeie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe. Aaethoiua oeaiiinoe – eiino?aiiay
aaethoa, aeaiueae eiino?aiiuo ainoaea?noa. I?aaiaie ?aaeei ii?aaeaeyaony
caeiiii «I aaethoiii ?aaoee?iaaiee e aaethoiii eiio?iea» io 9/10/1992
aiaea. Eiino?aiiay aaethoa . E oeaiiua aoiaae a eiino?aiiie aaethoa.
Oeaiiua aoiaae – ieaoaaeiua aeieoiaiou e oiiaeiaua oeaiiinoe.

12 iiya?y 1996 aiaea .

Iauaeou a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa. Eioi?iaoeey .

Aeaiueae (aaethoa). Ae?aaioeaiiua iaoaeeu e eaiie e?iia eiia.

Oeaiiua aoiaae. Oeaiiay aoiaaa yoi aeieoiaio, oaeinoiaa?ythuee i?aaa ,
inouanoaeaiea eee ia?aaea/a eioi?uo aiciiaeiu oieueei i?e aai
i?aaeuyaeaiee. E?iia yoeo o?aaiaaiee oeaiiay aoiaaa aeieaeia eiaoue
naith oi?io e iaycaoaeueiua ?aeaeceou. Iie onoaiiaeaiu a caeiia e
ae?oaeo i?aaiauo aeoao. Iai?eia? aaenaeue- iieiaeaiea 1991 aiaea.
Ia?aaiaeiie aaenaeue. Ionoonoaea oioy au iaeiiai ec yoee ?aeaeceoia
aaaeao e iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoe oeaiiie aoiaae.

Oeaiiua aoiaae aeaeyony ii iacaaieth ia Noaouey 43 AE:

Iaeeaaoeee

Aaenaeue

*ae

Aeoeey

Aaieianeay naa?eieaeea

I?eciaee:

eiaao ?aeaeceou

oi?ia – ienueiaiiay

i?acaioaoeey

ia?aaea/a i?aa iieiinoueth

aano?aeoiinoue o?aaiaaiey

aaoiiiiiinoue

+ oeacaiea a caeiia

Ii oi?ia :

Aeieoiaioa?iay ( a ienueiaiiie oi?ia)

Aac aeieoiaioa?iua (noaouey 149) oeaiiua aoiaae. Oeenaoeey i?aa iai?eia?
a iaiyoue YAI. A neo/ayo ii?aaeaeaiiuo caeiiii eee a onoaiiaeaiiii ei
ii?yaeea eeoei, iieo/eaoaa niaoeeaeueioth eeoeaiceth iiaeao
i?iecaiaeeoue oeenaoeeth i?aa , cae?aieaiiuo oeaiiie aoiaaie a oii /enea
a aac aeieoiaioa?iie oi?ia ( n iiiiuueth n?aaenoa YAI e o.i.) E oaeie
oi?ia oeenaoeee i?aa i?eiaiythony i?aaeea, onoaiiaeaiiua aeey oeaiiuo
aoiaa, anee eiia ia auoaeaao ec iniaaiiinoae oeenaoeee. I?aaeea
yeaeo?iiiie iiaeiene.

Ii ii?yaeeo ia?aaea/e i?aa , oaeinoiaa?aiiuo oeaiiuie aoiaaaie.

Ii yoiio e?eoa?eth oeaiiua aoiaae aeaeyony ia 3 aeaea:

I?aaeuyaeoaeueneea yoi oaeea oeaiiua aoiaae , i?aaa ii eioi?ui iiaeii
ia?aaeaoue iooai a?o/aiey oeaiiie aoiaae. Yoi iaeaieaa eaaei
ia?auathuayny ia ?uiea

I?aea?iua , i?aaa ii eioi?ui ia?aaeathony iooai niaa?oaiey ia?aaeaoi/iie
iaaeiene ia iai?iia aeaiiie oeaiiie aoiaae (eiaeinnaiaio), oeie/iue
i?eia? ia?aaiaeiie aaenaeue (o?aooa). Aeeiiae – i?eeiaeaiea.

Eiaiiua, i?aaa ii eioi?ui ia?aaeathony a ii?yaeea , onoaiiaeaiiii aeey
oeannee, o.a. aeey onooiee o?aaiaaiee. O/anoieee oeannee – onooiathuay
i?aaa noi?iia – oeaaeaio, i?eia?aoathuay o?aaiaaiey – oeanneiia?ee.
I?eia? – ana aeoeee AI ii caeiio ?O – eiaiiua. Noaouey 146 AE.

Caeiiiaeaoaeueiua aeou i oeaiiuo aoiaaao:

OC ?39 – OC 22 ai?aey 1996 aiaea – «I ?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa».(?A 25 ai?aey
1996 aiaea). Iieiaeaiea i i?inoii e ia?aaiaeiii aaenaea io 24 ethiy 1991
aiaea. I /aeao niio?e noaouee 877-885 AE ?O. Ia iaeeaaoeeyo noaouey 816
AE ?O. I aaenaeyo – noaouey 815 AE ?O , /anoue 2 . Iieiaeaiea i auionea
e ia?auaiee oeaiiuo aoiaa e oiiaeiauo ae?aeao a ?NON?- iinoaiiaeaiea
i?aaeoaeuenoaa io 28 aeaeaa?y 1991 ? 78. Eino?oeoeey Iei Oei-a i
i?aaeeao auionea e ?aaeno?aoeee OeA ia oa??eoi?ee ?O io 3 ia?oa 1992
aiaea, n iineaaeothueie eciaiaieyie. Io 11 oaa?aey 1994 aiaea
eino?oeoeey Oe-A ?O ?8 . Oeac i?aceaeaioa 26 ethey 1995 aiaea ? 765 i
aeiiieieoaeueiuo ia?ao ii iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe eiaanoeoeeiiiie
iieeoeee ?O (?A io 1 aaaonoa 1995 aiaea, NC 1995 ?31 noaouey 3096) – i?i
IEO-u , aac i?aa th?eaee/aneiai eeoea, a ?aaeeia aeiaa?eoaeueiiai
oi?aaeaiey.

Iaoeie/iue aeae oeaiiie aoiaae – iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O io 26
naioya?y 1994 aiaea ? 1094 « Ia ioi?ieaiee acaeiiie caaeieaeaiiinoe
i?aaei?eyoee e i?aaiecaoeee aaenaeyie aaeeiiai ia?acoea e ?acaeoee
aaenaeueiiai ia?auaiey» (?A 1 ieoya?y 1994 aiaea) Aaenaey aeey
i?aaei?eyoee oieueei ia oa??eoi?ee ?O.

Eioi?iaoeey eae iauaeo a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa.

Eioi?iaoeey eae niaieoiiinoue naaaeaiee , oaeoia – yoi ia iaoa?eaeueiue
iauaeo, yoi ia aauue. Iia aini?eieiaaony ia iaoa?eaeueiii iineoaea.
Caeiiu , eioi?ua ?aaeaiaioe?otho :

Caeii io 25 yiaa?y 1995 aiaea, 20 oaa?aey 1995 aiaea ? 24-OC « Ia
eioi?iaoeee, eioi?iaoecaoeee e caueoa eioi?iaoeee»(?A 22 oaa?aey 1995
aiaea).

Caeii io 21 ethiy 1993 aiaea , « I ainoaea?noaaiiie oaeia»

Caeii io 4 ethey 1996 aiaea ? 85-OC « Ia o/anoee a iaaeaeoia?iaeiii
eioi?iaoeeiiiii iaiaia (?A io 11 ethey 1996 aiaea).

Eeanneoeeaoeey iiiyoea e aeaeu eioi?iaoeee:

Aeieoiaioe?iaaiiay eioi?iaoeey.

Eiioeaeaioeeaeueiay eioi?iaoeey.

Oeaiiua aoiaae (aeiiieieoaeueii)

Oeaiiay aoiaaa – aeieoiaio, oaeinoiaa?ythuee i?aaa , inouanoaeaiea eee
ia?aaea/a eioi?uo aiciiaeii oieueei i?e aai i?aaeuyaeaiee. Eaaeaeay
aoiaaa, oeaiiay, aeieaeia eiaoue naith oi?io e iaycaoaeueiua ?aeaeceou.
Yoe ?aeaeceou onoaiiaeaiu caeiiii a niioaaonoaothueo i?aaiauo aeoao.
Aaenaeue – Iieiaeaiea i i?inoii e ia?aaiaeiii aaenaea 91 aiaea.
Ionoonoaea oioy au iaeiiai ec ?aeaeceoia – ia yaeyaony oaea oeaiiie
aoiaaie.

Aeaeu oeaiiuo aoiaa: iaeeaaoeee; aaenaeue; /ae; aeoeey; aaieianeay
naa?eieaeea e o.i.

I?eia?iue ia?a/aiue aeaaony a no.143 AE.

Oi?ia oeaiiuo aoiaa:

aeieoiaioa?iay oeaiiay aoiaaa – anee oa eiay oeaiiay aoiaaa au?aaeaia a
ienueiaiiie oi?ia;

aac aeieoiaioa?iua oeaiiua aoiaae – iinayuaia no.149 – a neo/ayo
ii?aaeaeaiiuo caeiiii eee a onoaiiaeaiiii ei ii?yaeea, eeoei iieo/eaoea
niaoeeaeueioth eeoeaiceth, iiaeao i?iecaiaeeoue oeenaoeeth i?aa,
cae?aieaiiuo oeaiiie aoiaaie, a oii /enea a aac aeieoiaioa?iie oi?ia (n
iiiiuueth n?aaenoa YAI, e o.i). E oaeie oi?ia oeenaoeee i?aa i?eiaiyaony
i?aaeea onoaiiaeaiiua aeey oeaiiuo aoiaa. Anee eiia ia auoaeaao ec
iniaaiiinoae oeenaoeee.

Ii ii?yaeeo ia?aaea/e i?aa, oaeinoiaa?aiiuo oeaiiuie aoiaaaie.

i?aaeuyaeoaeueneea – yoi oa. i?aaa ii eioi?ui iiaeii ia?aaeaoue iooai
a?o/aiey oe.a a?o/aaiiio eeoeo, eeoeai;

i?aea?iua – oa, i?aaa ii eioi?ui ia?aaeathony iooai niaa?oaiey
ia?aaeaoi/iie iaaeiene ia iai?ioa yoie oe.a. (eiaeinnaiaioa); oeie/iue
i?eia? – ia?aaiaeiie aaenaeue (o?aooa)

eiaiiua – yoi oaeay, i?aaa ii eioi?ie ia?aaeathony a ii?yaeea
onoaiiaeaiiii aeey oeannee, o.a. aeey onooiee o?aaiaaiee, o.a. iooai
niaa?oaiey niaoeeaeueiiai niaeaoaiey. Oeanney – onooiea o?aaiaaiey.
Noi?iia onooiathuay, ia?aaeathuay o?aaiaaiea iacuaaaony oeaaeaio.
I?eia?aoathuay noi?iia, o.a. iiaue e?aaeeoi? iacuaaaony oeanneiia?ee.
Ana aeoeee aeoeeiia?iuo iauanoa ii caeiio io 26 aeaeaa?y 95 aiaea –
eiaiiua.

Caeii “I ?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa” 22 ai?aey 96 aiaea ?39OC.

Oeac I?aceaeaioa io 1 ethey 96 aiaea ?1008 “Eiioeaioeey ?acaeoey oeaiiuo
aoiaa”.

Iieiaeaiea “I ia?aaiaeiii e i?inoii aaenaea” io 24 ethiy 91 aiaea

Iieiaeaiea i /aeao oaea ioiaiaii – aianoi niio?e no.877-885 AE 2 /anoe.

Ia iaeeaaoeeyo – no.816 AE

I aaenaeyo no.815 AE

Iieiaeaiea “I auionea e ia?auaiee oeaiiuo aoiaa e oiiaeiauo ae?aeao a
?NON?” io 28 aeae 91 aiaea ?78.

Eino?oeoeey i i?aaeeao e auionea ?aaeno?aoeee oe.a. n iineaaeothueie
eciaiaieyie io 3 ia?oa 92.

Eino?oeoeey ? 8 “I i?aaeeao auionea e ?aaeno?aoeee oe.a. auiouaiiuie
eii. aaieaie ia oa??eoi?ee ?O.

26 ethey 95 I?aceaeaio Oeac ?765 “I aeiiieieoaeueiuo ia?ao ii iiauoaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe eiaanoeoeeiiiie iieeoeee a ?O”.

Iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O io 26 naioya?y 94 aiaea ?1094 “Ia
ioi?ieaiee acaeiiie caaeieaeaiiinoe i?aaei?eyoee e i?aaiecaoeee
aaenaeyie aaeeiiai ia?acoea e ?acaeoee aaenaeueiiai ia?auaiey”. Yoi
aaenaey, eioi?ua iiaoo i?eiaiyoueny oieueei ia oa??eoi?ee ?O, e
aeaenoaotho oieueei ia iniiaaiee yoiai caeiia.

Eioi?iaoeey – eae niaieoiiinoue eaeeo oi naaaeaiee, oaeoia, yoi ia
iaoa?eaeueiue iauaeo, ii eioi?iaoeey /aua anaai oeene?oaony e
aini?eieiaaony ia iaoa?eaeueiii iineoaea. Anoue niaoeeaeueiua caeiiu:

caeii io 20.02.95 ?24-OC “Ia eioi?iaoeee, eioi?iaoecaoeee e caueoa
eioi?iaoeee”.

caeii io 21 ethey 93 aiaea ?8486-1? “i ain.oaeia”.

caeii io 4 ethey 96 a. ?85OC “Ia o/anoee a iaaeaeoia?iaeiii
eioi?iaoeeiiiii iaiaia:

eiioeaeaioeeaeueiay eioi?iaoeey – ?aciiaeaeiinoue aeieoiaioe?iaaiiie
eioi?iaoeee, aeinooi e eioi?ie ia?aie/eaaaony a niioaaonoaee n
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O.

aeieoiaioe?iaaiiay eioi?iaoeey – aeieoiaio – caoeene?iaaiiay ia
iaoa?eaeueiii iineoaea eioi?iaoeey n ?aeaeceoaie, iicaieythueie aa
eaeaioeoeoee?iaaoue. Ethaua aeaeu naaaeaiee n ethaie niuneiaie iaa?oceie
ia ethaii iaoa?eaeueiii iineoaea e eiathuay ?aeaeceou, iicaieythuea
eaeaioeoeoee?iaaoue eioi?iaoeeth.

Nianoaaiiee aeieoiaioe?iaaiiie eioi?iaoeee. Anoue aeaa iauaeoa –
eioi?iaoeey e iineoaeue eioi?iaoeee. Aaoi?neia i?aai, niaaeiua i?aaa,
iaoaioiia i?aai e o.ae – ii?aaeaeyao i?aaiaie noaoon eioi?iaoeee.
Ecia?aoaiea – nenoaia oaoie/aneeo iiiyoee.

Neoaeaaiay e eiiia?/aneay oaeia no. 139.

I?eciaee:

1. ninoaaeyao oaeio, o.a. iia iaaeinooiia

eiaao ii?aaeaeaiioth eiiia?/aneoth oeaiiinoue

i?eieiathony ia?u e aa io?aia.

*oi iaeuecy auaeaaaoue ca eiiia?/aneoth oaeio:

aeieoiaiou, aeathuea i?aai caieiaoueny eiiia?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe

aeieoiaiou i ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe

i caa?yciaiee ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu

ia oieaoa iaeiaia

i auieaoa ca?ieaou.

Oaeoe/aneay iiiiiieey – iaeaaeaiea a neeo oaeoa nicaeaiey. I?e
caaeaaeaiee yoie eioi?iaoeee aeieaeiu auoue aiciauaiu oauoee.
Iaania/aiea eiouanoaaiiuo i?aa ?ac?aaio/eea.

Eioaeeaeooaeueiay nianoaaiiinoue.

Eneeth/eoaeueiua i?aaa ia ?acoeueoaou oinoaaiiiai o?oaea.
Eneeth/eoaeueiua i?aaa – aaoi?neea i?aaa ia i?iecaaaeaiey iaoee e
eneonnoaa, iaoaioiua i?aaa ia ecia?aoaiey.

?aaiou e oneoae.

Oneoae – ia?aaici/iua oneoae, no?aoiaaiea, aaieianeea oneoae e o.ae.

Iaiaoa?eaeueiua aeaaa.

AEeciue e caei?iauea, aeinoieinoai, ee/iay iai?eeiniiaaiiinoue, /anoue e
aeia?ia eiy, ee/iay e naiaeiay oaeia, i?aai naiaiaeiiai ia?aaeaeaeaiey,
auai?a ianoiaeeoaeuenoaa, aeaeiaay ?aiooaoeey. No.150, 152.

Iniiaaiea aicieeiiaaiey a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa e iaycaiiinoae.

Iniiaaiey aicieeiiaaiey:

1. aeaeu th?eaee/aneeo oaeoia

i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiii

th?eaee/aneea oaeou

aeaenoaey a?aaeaeai e th?eaee/aneeo eeoe

th?eaee/anee cia/eiua niauoey – io aiee e niciaiey ioaeaeueiuo ethaeae
ia caaenyo( ?iaeaeaiea, nia?oue, iai?aiaeieeiay neea)

ana aeiaiai?u, ii anoue aeiaiai?u ia i?aaeoniio?aiiua
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. Ii a neeo iaueo ia/ae a?aaeaeaineiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii aeaenoaeoaeueiu.

ia i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiii

19 iiya?y 1996 aiaea.

Iai?aaiia?iua:

i?e/eiaiea a?aaea

iainiiaaoaeueiia iaiaauaiea

I?aaiia?iua :

Aeiaiai?u e eiua naeaeee (i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiii e iai?aaeoniio?aiiua
caeiiii).

Aeou ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia e i?aaiia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey.

Noaeaaiua ?aoaiey.

Nicaeaiea ?acoeueoaoa eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Naeaeee eae th?eaee/aneea oaeou. Naeaeee – yoi aeaenoaey a?aaeaeai e
th?eaee/aneeo eeoe , iai?aaeaiiua ia onoaiiaeaiea , eciaiaiea eee
i?ae?auaiea a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa e iaycaiiinoae.

Ii iiiaioo niaa?oaiey:

Iaeiinoi?iiiea Naeaeea niaa?oaia anee aieth niaa?oeoue naeaeeo ?aoeea
iaeia noi?iia (iaeii eeoei, iai?eia? caaauaiea)

2-o e iiiai noi?iiiea (aeiaiai?u). Iaiaoiaeeii ano?a/iia aieaecuyaeaiea.

Ii oi?ia:

Onoiua

Ienueiaiiua – ( naeaeee th?eaee/aneeo eeoe iaaeaeo niaie, naeaeee th?
eeoe n a?aaeaeaiaie, naeaeee iaaeaeo a?aaeaeaiaie, anee noiia naeaeee
i?aauoaao 10 iei ca?aaioiuo ieao) Anee noi?iiu ia auiieieee yoiai, oi
iie eeoaiu aiciiaeiinoe nnueaoueny a neo/aa nii?a a iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea
oaeoa naeaeee ia naeaeaoaeueneea iieacaiey. O?aaiaaiey e ienueiaiiie
oi?ia : ienueiaiiay oi?ia, aa ?aeaeceou (ia/aoue oneeeaaao
aeinoiaa?iinoue, aeaie, oi?ia – aeiiieieoaeueiua oneiaey ), iiaeiene
o/anoieeia – iaycaoaeueiu.

Ienueiaiiua n iioa?eaeueiui oaeinoiaa?aieai. Iioa?eaeueii
oaeinoiaa?ythony naeaeee (niaoeeaeueii i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiii).

n ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeeae. Noaouey 550, 560, 574

26 iiya?y 1996 aiaea.

Oneiaiua naeaeee. E?eoa?ee – iiiaio aicieeiiaaiey eee i?ae?auaiey i?aa e
iaycaiiinoae.

Iiae ioeaaaoaeueiui oneiaeai- i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe aicieeatho i?e
ianooieaiee ianoiyoaeuenoaa , ioiineoaeueii eioi?iai iaecaanoii,
ianooieo iii eee ia ianooieo.

Iiae ioiaieoaeueiui oneiaeai- oa, ii eioi?ie i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe
i?ae?auathony n ianooieaieai ianoiyoaeuenoaa , ioiineoaeueii eioi?iai
oi aea iaecaanoii, ianooieo eee ia ianooieo. Noaouey 157 AE.

Aiciacaeiua e aacaiciacaeiua naeaeee. Aeaeaiea ii yeiiiie/aneiio
niaea?aeaieth.

Ii ianooaaai : naeaeee iaeeea auoiaua e e?oiiua. E?oiiua naeaeee – caeii
ia AI.

Iaaeaenoaeoaeueiua naeaeee.

Oa naeaeee i?e niaa?oaiee eioi?uo ia?ooaii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai.

Ie/oiaeiua e inii?eiua naeaeee. Ie/oiaeia – naeaeea, eioi?ay ecia/aeueii
ia ii?iaeaeaao i?aa e iaycaiiinoae , iacaaeneii io i?eciaiey aa
iaaeaenoaeoaeueiie noaeii.

Inii?eiua- oa naeaeee, oa eioi?ua i?eciathony iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie ii
?aoaieth noaea.

I?eoai?iua e iieiua naeaeee. I?eoai?iay – oa, eioi?ay niaa?oaaony n
oeaeueth i?ee?uoue ae?oaoth naeaeeo. Iieiay naeaeea, eioi?ay niaa?oaia
eeoue aeey aeaea, aac iaia?aiey ii?iaeeoue i?aaiaua iineaaenoaey.

Naeaeee , niaa?oaiiua iaiaaeeaaeaueie noauaeoaie:

Iiae?inoeaie n i?aauoaieai naiae /anoe/iie aeaaniiniaiinoe.

Ie/oiaeiua naeaeee- niaa?oaaiua n oeaeueth i?ioeaiie iniiaai
i?aaiii?yaeea e i?aanoaaiiinoe. Naeaeee n ii?ieaie aiee Ii?ie aiee –
ianiaiaaeaiea iiaeeeiiie aiee n au?aaeaieai aieaecuyaeaiey eeoea.
Ianoiyoaeuenoaa , i?eaiaeyuea e ii?ieo aiee. Ie/oiaeiua naeaeee,
niaa?oaiiua iiae aeeyieai iaiaia, ianeeey, oa?ic, a o./. ineoe/aneeo.
Inii?eiua – naeaeee iiae aeeyieai caaeoaeaeaiey, ii eneo noi?iiu,
aeaenoaiaaaoae iiae oaeei aeeyieai.

Iineaaenoaey i?eciaiey naeaeie iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie:

2 aeaea:

iauea iineaaenoaey (aeaonoi?iiia- iaeiinoi?iiia ?anoeoooeey) i?eaaaeaiea
noi?ii a ia?aiia/aeueiia iieiaeaiea .

oo?aoiua naieoeee ( a iniiaiii i?eiaiyaony e ie/oiaeiui naeaeeai).
Caaeneo io aeiu noi?ii a oi?ia oiunea. Anee oiunae o iaieo noi?ii, oi
ana eaeao a aeioiae ainoaea?noaa. Noaouey 169 AE.

Aeaeaiea naeaeie ia inii?eiua e ie/oiaeiua noaouey 166 AE

Aeaeaiea naeaeie ia iieiua e i?eoai?iua noaouey 170 AE

Noaouee 171 -173 Ae , iiae aeeyieai caaeoaeaeaiey – noaouey 178 Ae ,
noaouey 179 Ae.

Inouanoaeaiea e caueoa A?aaeaeaineeo i?aa.

Inouanoaeaiea A?aaeaeaineeo i?aa. I?eioeei inouanoaeaiey a?aaeaeaineeo
i?aa.

I?eioeei inouanoaeaiey a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa ii naiaio oniio?aieth.

Iaeuecy inouanoaeyoue naie i?aaa n oeaeueth i?e/eieoue a?aae ae?oaiio
eeoeo (oeeaia).

Iaeuecy inouanoaeyoue naie a?aaeaeaineea i?aaa a oeaeyo ia?aie/aiey
eiieo?aioeee.

Noaouee 9-10 AE .Noaouey 10. Caeii io 22 ia?oa 1991 aiaea «I
eiieo?aioeee e ia?aie/aiee iiiiiieenoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe ia oiaa?iuo
?uieao» ( AAN 1991 aiae ?16 noaouey 499 ). 25 iay 1995 aiaea ?83-OC.
(?A-30.05.95).

Niaeaoaiey i ?acaeaea ?uiea, niaeaoaiea i oeaiao.

Iaonoieea (oo?ao eee iaia) ii?aaeaeaiiay aeaiaaeiay noiia,
i?aaeoniio?aiiay caeiiii eee aeiaiai?ii. Caeiiiay eee aeiaiai?iay
iaonoieea. Oo?ao. Oua?a : ?aaeueiue oua?a e oiouaiiay auaiaea. Oiouaiiay
auaiaea – yoi aeioiaeu ia iieo/aiiua eioi?ua iioa?iaaoee iieo/ee au i?e
iau/iuo oneiaeyo iai?ioa. Anee au aai i?aai ia auei au ia?ooaii.

Ni?in ia oiaa?u iaeneiaeueiue e ieieiaeueiia i?aaeeiaeaiea, oeaiu naiua
aunieea , i?eaueue naiay aieueoay.

Ni?in ieieiaeueiue , i?aaeeiaeaiea iaeneiaeueiia , oeaiu i?aaeaeueii
ieceea, i?eaueue naiay iaeaiueeay.

I?aaeeiaeaiea aaeaeaaoii ni?ino.

Noaouey 15 AE – 2 aeaea oauoeia.

OEC «Ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao» 24.06.92 aiaea. Noaouey 151AE i ii?aeueiii
a?aaea.

Iinoaiiaeaiea io 20 aeae.1994 aiaea ?10 «I eiiiainaoeee ii?aeueiiai
a?aaea».

Caeii «i ainoaea?noaaiiie iioeeia» iae 1995 aiaea. Eino?oeoeey
Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeau i i?eiaiaiee caeiia ?O «I
ainoaea?noaaiiie iioeeia».(?A 27 ethey 1996 aiaea). Caeii «I caueoa
i?aa iio?aaeoaeae»

3 aeaeaa?y 1996 aiaea.

I?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai.

Yoi ?aciiaeaeiinoue a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaiioiioaiey. Naeaeea , niaa?oaiiay
iaeiei eeoeii ( i?aaenoaaeoaeai io eiaie ae?oaiai eeoea,
i?aaenoaaeyaiiai a neeo iieiiii/ey , iniiaaiiiai ia aeiaa?aiiinoe ,
oeacaiee caeiia , eeai aeoa oiieiiii/aiiiai ia oi ainoaea?noaaiiiai
i?aaia eee i?aaia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey iaiin?aaenoaaiii nicaeaao ,
eciaiyao e i?ae?auaao a?aaeaeaineea i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe i?aaenoaaeyaiiai
.Iieiiii/ea iiaeao oae aea yanoaiaaoue ec ianoaiiaee , a eioi?ie
aeaenoaoao i?aaenoaaeoaeue (i?iaeaaaoe, eanne? e o.i.). A
i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa o/anoaotho 2 noi?iiu : i?aaenoaaeoaeue e
i?aaenoaaeyaiue . I?aaenoaaeoaeue caeeth/aao naeaeeo io eiaie
i?aaenoaaeyaiiai. Aeaeu:

I?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai ii aeiaa?aiiinoe

Ii caeiio ( caeiiiia i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai). I?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai
?iaeeoaeae ca ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo aeaoae.

I?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai a neeo aeoa ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?aaia eee i?aaia
ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey. (iniiaaiea – i?eeac, iniiaaiiue ia o?oaeiaii
aeiaiai?a).

I?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaii ia yaeyaony , eiaaea naeaeee niaa?oatho eeoea a
/oaeeo eioa?anao, ii io nianoaaiiiai eiaie. Iai?eia? eiiia?/aneea
iin?aaeieee, eiieo?niua oi?aaeythuea i?e aaie?ionoaa. Aeooai?eeac/eee
i?e ianeaaeiaaiee e o.i. E eeoea, oiieiiii/aiiua ia anooieaiea a
ia?aaiai?u , ioiineoaeueii aiciiaeiuo aoaeoueo naeaeie. Cai?ao aeey
iauaa?aaeaeaineeo i?aaenoaaeoaeae. Ii ia eiaao i?aaa niaa?oaoue naeaeee
io eiaie i?aaenoaaeyaiiai a ioiioaiee naay ee/ii, a oae aea ae?oaiai
eeoea, i?aaenoaaeoaeai eioi?iai ii iaeiia?aiaiii yaeyaony. Ioieo 3
noaouee 182. Ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa eiiia?/aneiai i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa.
Eiiia?/aneei i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaii yaeyaony eeoei iinoiyiii e
naiinoiyoaeueii i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaothuaa io eiaie i?aaei?eieiaoaeae i?e
caeeth/aiee eie aeiaiai?ia a noa?a i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Iii inouanoaeyaony ia iniiaaiee aeiaiai?a n oeacaieai aai iieiiii/ee.
Anee iieiiii/ey ia oeacaiiu, oi iiaeao auoue iio?aaoaony i?eeiaeeoue
aeiaa?aiiinoue ia eiie?aoiua aeaenoaey . O?aaoaony niaeanea o/anoieeia
naeaeee n iaieo noi?ii. Oneoae i?aaeinoaaeyao ca ieaoo a ?aaiuo aeieyo +
noi?iiu naeaeee i?aaenoaaeyaiua aiciauatho ?anoiaeu eiiia?/aneiai
i?aaenoaaeoaey. Aeiaa?aiiinoue – yoi ienueiaiiia oiieiiii/ea ,
auaeaaaaiia iaeiei eeoeii ae?oaiio eeoeo, aeey i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa
ia?aae 3 -eie eeoeaie. Ienueiaiiay oi?ia iaycaoaeueia .Iia ioi?ieyaony
iioa?eaeueii , ia niaa?oaiea naeaeie o?aaothueo iioa?eaeueiie oi?iu.
Iai?eia? ia iieoieo aeeeuey. Anee aiaiiineoaeauee iaoiaeeony ia
ecea/aiee a ainieoaea , eee oai , aaea iao iioa?eaeueiuo eiioi? , a
ianoao eeoaiey naiaiaeu. I?eiaiyaony aeiaa?aiiinoue , caaa?aiiay
ia/aeueieeii, eiiaiaee?ii eee aeaaea aeaaeo?iui a?a/ii. 12 aaaonoa 1996
aiaea OC ?111-OC «Noaouey 184 AE ioieo 4- iiaay ?aaeaeoeey –
aeiaa?aiiinoue ia iieo/aiea aeaiaaeiuo noii ii aeeaaeai aaieia iiaeii
inouanoaeyoue ia iniiaaiee aeiaa?aiiinoe ,caaa?aiiie a aeaiiii aaiea.»
Io eiaie th?eaee/aneiai eeoea – iaycaoaeueii i?eeiaeaiea ia/aoe.
Aeiaa?aiiinoue ia iieo/aiea aeaiaa – iiaeienue aeaaiiai eee noa?oaai
aooaaeoa?a. Aeiaa?aiiinoue n i?aaii i?iaeaaee- n i?aaii ?anii?yaeaoueny
iieo/aiiuie aeaiueaaie, n i?aaii ia?a aeiaa?aiiinoe noaouey 187 AE.
Enoa/aiea n?iea – ia aieaa 3 eao – n?ie aeiaa?aiiinoe, anee n?ie ia
oeacai -oi ia aieaa aiaea. Ia oeacaiia aeaoa auaea/e – aeiaa?aiiinoue
ie/oiaeia. Ioiaia aeiaa?eoaeai . Ioeac eeoea, eioi?iio iia auaeaia.
I?ae?auaiea th?. Eeoea, auaeaaoaai aeiaa?aiiinoue. I?ae?auaiea th? eeoea
eioi?iio auaeaia aeiaa?aiiinoue. Nia?oue a?aaeaeaieia , auaeaaoaai
aeiaa?aiiinoue, i?eciaiea aai iaaeaaniiniaiui , ia?aie/aiii
aeaaniiniaiui eee aacaanoii ionoonoaothuei. Oi aea naiia, oieueei eeoea,
eioi?iio auaeaia aeiaa?aiiinoue. O/anoieee a iieiii i?aaa ioeacaoueny io
aeiaa?aiiinoe a ethaia a?aiy. Eeoei auaeaaoaa aeiaa?aiiinoue e
ioiaieaoaa aa iaycaii ia yoii ecaanoeoue. I?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai ii
aeiaa?aiiinoe iaeaieaa ianniaue aeae i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa.

A?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaay ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

Yoi i/aiue aaaeiue ?acaeae eo?na AI. Ioaaonoaaiiinoue a iaia?ooaiiii
ninoiyiee ia aicieeaao. Iaia?ooaiiua eiouanoaaiiua ninoiyiey –
ii?iaeueiu. A?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaay ioaaonoaaiiinoue – eiouanoaaiiay.
Naieoeee. Ioaaonoaaiiinoue – anyeea i?eioaeeoaeueiua ia?u aicaeaenoaey.
Anyeay ioaaonoaaiiinoue yoi naieoeey, ii ia anyeay naieoeey anoue
ioaaonoaaiiinoue. I?aai iieoiaoaey – ?anoi?aiooue aeiaiai? e o?aaiaaoue
eiiiainaoeee anao oauoeia. AI ioaaonoaaiiinoue yoi i?eiaiaiea e
ia?ooeoaeth a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa ,i?eioaeeoaeueiuo ia?( naieoeee ),
ieacuaathueo aeiiieieoaeueiia iaaaoeaiia aicaeaenoaea ia eiouanoaaiioth
noa?o ia?ooeoaey. Ainnoaiiaeoaeueiay eee eiiiainaoeeiiiay ooieoeey AI
ioaaonoaaiiinoe , e aa ainieoaoaeueiay ?ieue.

N?iee eneiaie aeaaiinoe :

Iauea e niaoeeaeueiua. Noaouey 181 Ae.

24 aeaeaa?y 1996 aiaea.

Ia/aei oa/aiey eneiaie aeaaiinoe. Ni aeiy eiaaea eeoei ociaei eee
aeieaeii auei ociaoue i ia?ooaiee naiaai i?aaa.

Anee a neeo iaycaoaeuenoaa aue onoaiiaeai n?ie eniieiaiey iaycaoaeuenoa
, oi aeaaiinoue ia/eiaao oa/ue n iiiaioa ianooieaiey yoiai n?iea. Anee
n?ie ieii/aiey aeiaiai?a ia onoaiiaeai, oi oa/aiea aeaaiinoe n iiiaioa,
eiaaea o e?aaeeoi?a aicieeaao i?aai i?aaeuyaeoue o?aaiaaiey ia
eniieiaiee. Iineaaenoaey n?iea enoa/aiey eneiaie aeaaiinoe. Noaouey 199.
Enoa/aiea aeaaiinoe. O?aoeaoiee n?ie aeaaiinoe. Ia i?aaeuyaeaiea enea e
aai oaeiaeaoai?aiea anoue 3 aiaea. I?einoaiiaeaiea e ia?a?ua oa/aiey
n?iea aeaaiinoe. Oaeoi?u i?einoaiiaeaiey e ia?a?uaa oa/aiey n?iea
eneiaie aeaaiinoe. I?einoaiiaeaiea oa/aiey n?iea aeaaiinoe –
ianoiyoaeuenoaa, au?aaeathueany a oii, /oi aeaaiinoue ia oa/ao. A?aiy
i?ioaaeoaa n iiiaioa i?einoaiiaeaiey. Ianeieueei oaeoi?ia (
ianoiyoaeuenoa) :

iai?aiaeieeiay neea – yoi /?acau/aeiua e iai?aaeioa?aoeiua i?e aeaiiuo
oneiaeyo ianoiyoaeuenoaa. noaouey 202 AE.

ii?aoi?ee – onoaiiaeaiiay i?aaeoaeuenoaii ia aaca caeiia ion?i/ea
eniieiaiey iaycaoaeuenoa.

iaoiaeaeaiea enooea eee ioaao/eea eee iaieo a aii?oaeaiiuo neeao ,
ia?aaaaeaiiuo ia aiaiiia iieiaeaiea. Nouanoaoao niaoeeaeueiay
i?ioeaaeo?a onoaiiaeaiey aiaiiiai iieiaeaiey.

i?einoaiiaeaiea aeaenoaey caeiia eee eiiai i?aaiaiai aeoa ,
?aaoee?othuaai niioaaonoaothuaa ioiioaiea.

Oaeoi?u i?einoaiiaeaiey n?aaaouaatho ia aaoiiaoe/anee oieueei anee iie
aicieeee eee i?iaeieaeaee aeaenoaiaaoue a iineaaeiea 6 ianyoeaa n?iea
oa/aiey aeaaiinoe.

Ia?a?ua oa/aiey n?iea eneiaie aeaaiinoe – aeaaiinoue oa/ao nia/aea.
Oaeoi?u ia?a?uaa oa/aiey n?iea eneiaie aeaaiinoe:

I?aaeuyaeaiea enea a onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea.

Niaa?oaiea iaycaiiui eeoeii aeaenoaee , naeaeaoaeuenoaothueo i i?eciaiee
aeieaa.

Anee ene inoaaeai noaeii aac ?anniio?aiey, o.a. anoue i?e/eiu ii eioi?ui
noaeuey, noae ia iaoiaeeo iaiaoiaeeiinoe aeey ?acae?aoaeuenoaa. Oiaaea
iniiaaiea aeey inoaiiaeaiey enea aac ?anniio?aiey. Noaouey 204 AE. Anee
i?aaeuyaeai ene e ia/aea oa/ue eneiaay aeaaiinoue, oi niio?yo auei ee
i?einoaiiaeaiea.

Ainnoaiiaeaiea n?iea eneiaie aeaaiinoe. A neo/aa oaaaeeoaeueiuo i?e/ei.

Iiae ainnoaiiaeaieai n?iea eneiaie aeaaiinoe iiieiaaony caueoa noaeii
ia?ooaiiiai i?aaa ca i?aaeaeaie n?iea aeaaiinoe i?e iaee/ee
oaaaeeoaeueiuo i?e/ei i?iionea. Noaouey 205 AE – a eneeth/eoaeueiuo
neo/ayo. Eaeea i?e/eiu iiaoo auoue oaaaeeoaeueiua – naycaiiua n
ee/iinoueth enooea:

Oyaeaeay aieaciue

Aaniiiiuiia ninoiyiea – yoi ioiaia ?aena eee iiacae ia eaeao.

Iaa?aiioiinoue e o.i.

Eae a ioiioaiee e i?einoaiiaeaiey yoe oaeoi?u n?aaaouaatho ia
aaoiiaoe/anee, a a oa/aiee iineaaeieo 6 ianyoeaa aeaaiinoiiai n?iea.

O?aaiaaiey, ia eioi?ua aeaaiinoue ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony.

Yoi i?aaeaea anaai n?iee i caueoa ee/iuo iaeiouanoaaiiuo aeaa e aiiaua
iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa.

11 oaa?aey 1997 aiaea

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe e ae?oaea aauiua i?aaa.

Iiiyoea e aeaeu aauiuo i?aa. Iiiyoea , niaea?aeaiea , i?eia?aoaiea e
i?ae?auaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe.

Iiiyoea aauiuo i?aa. Oaeoe/anee i?aai nianoaaiiinoe yoi iaeei ec aeaeia
aauiuo i?aa. Aauiia i?aai. A iauaeoeaiii niunea Aauiia i?aai yoi
niaieoiiinoue i?aaiauo ii?i, cae?aieythueo i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue aauae
(eiouanoaa) noauaeoai aauiuo i?aa, ?aaeaiaioe?othueo i?aaiii/ey yoeo
noauaeoia ii iiaiaeo yoeo aauae e onoaiaaeeaathueo ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca
eo ia?ooaiey. Iiiyoea «aauiia i?aai» naycaii ni neiaii aauue. Noaouey
128 AE a /enea iauaeoia a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa iacuaaao aauue. Naii iiiyoea
aauiiai i?aaa aa?ao ia/aei io neiaa aauue. Aauue yoi i?aaeiao i?e?iaeu
eee i?iaeoeo o?oaea, iaeaaeathuee oece/aneeie, oeie/aneeie,
aeieiae/aneeie, iaoaie/aneeie eee oiio iiaeiaiuie naienoaaie, o.a.
iaoo?aeueiie oi?iie. Yoa oi?ia iiaeaa?aeaia eciino (aii?oecaoeee) e a
eiia/iii n/aoa en/aciiaaieth. Ana aauii-i?aaiaua ii?iu o/eouaatho yoo
iaoo?aeueioth (iaoa?eaeueioth, oaeanioth) i?e?iaeo aauae. A ioee/ea io
yoiai iauaeou eioaeeaeooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe ia eiatho oaeaniie
i?e?iaeu.

A noauaeoeaiii niunea aauiia i?aai – yoi i?aai eiie?aoiiai eeoea,
cae?aieythuaa i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue yoiio eeoeo niioaaonoaothueo aauiuo
i?aaiii/ee e oi?ie?othueo caueoo yoeo eiie?aoiuo i?aa.

Aeaeu aauiuo i?aa (noaouey 216 AE) :

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe. I?aao nianoaaiiinoe iinayuaii aieueoeinoai noaoae
AE n 209-306 no.

I?aai iiaeeciaiiiai ianeaaeoaiiai aeaaeaiey caiaeueiui o/anoeii.
(noaouey 265).

I?aai iinoiyiiiai(aann?i/iiai) iieueciaaiey caiaeueiui o/anoeii (noaouey
268 AE).

Na?aeooou (noaouee 274-277 AE

I?aai oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey eiouanoaii (noaouey 294 AE).

I?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey eiouanoaii (noaouey 296 AE).

I?e yoii ec yoeo aeaeia aauiuo i?aa iaeioi?ua ia aeaenoaotho (iai?eia?
noaouee 265 ,268 AE «260 -287») . Iie naycaiu n caieae e aeaeoo i?eiyoey
caiaeueiiai eiaeaena. Niio?e OC «I aaaaeaiee a aeaenoaea /anoe 1 AE».

Niaea?aeaiea i?eia?aoaiey e i?ae?auaiey i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe.

Iiiyoea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. Ii?aaeaeaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe a
iauaeoeaiii niunea anoue niaieoiiinoue i?aaiauo ii?i , cae?aieythueo
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue eiouanoaa ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, ?aaeaiaioe?othueo
i?aaiii/ey nianoaaiieeia e onoaiaaeeaathueo caueoo yoeo i?aaiii/ee.
Oa?aeoa?enoeea nianoaaiiinoe:

A yeiiiie/aneii niunea – yoi niaieoiiinoue ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ethaeueie i
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe aauae. Iie nouanoaiaaee anaaaea a /aeiaa/aneii
iauanoaa. Ia ii?aaeaeaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey iauanoa yoe ioiioaiey auee
o?aaoee?iaaiu i?aaii e i?aa?aoeeenue a i?aaiaua ioiioaiey. 5 Oeiia.

(ia?aiauoiiiaueiiay, ?aaiaeaaeaeue/aneay…)

A th?eaee/aneii niunea . 4 Oeia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe.

A iineaaeiea aiaeu iaiaoeeny iooiae io oaeie aeaieiie oa?aeoa?enoeee.

A noauaeoeaiii niunea i?aai nianoaaiiinoe yoi i?aai cae?aieythuaa
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue eiie?aoiiai eiouanoaa eiie?aoiiio nianoaaiieeo.

Niaea?aeaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ninoaaeyao ?yae i?aaiii/ee (Eo 3):

Aeaaeaiea – yoi iniiaaiiay ia caeiia aiciiaeiinoue eeoea oece/anee
ainiiaenoaiaaoue iaae aauueth.

Iieueciaaiea- yoi iniiaaiiay ia caeiia aiciiaeiinoue ecaea/aiey ec aaue
aa iieaciuo naienoa. O ?aciuo aauae ?aciua iieaciua naienoaa
(iio?aaeoaeueiay noieiinoue). Iiiaea nianoaaiieee naie ecaeaeatho
iieaciua naienoaa ec aaue ia ia?aaeaaay aa ae?oaiio eeoeo. Eee ee/iia
eee i?iecaiaenoaaiiia iio?aaeaiea.

?anii?yaeaiea- yoi iniiaaiiia ia caeiia ii?aaeaeaiea th?eaee/aneie
noaeueau aaue. Yoi eee eoiey-i?iaeaaea, iaia , aea?aiea, a?aiaea e o.i.

A aeaenoaothuai AE ia yoii aiai?eony a noaouea 209 AE, eioi?ay
iacuaaaony niaea?aeaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. E?iia o?aaeeoeeiiiuo oi?i
?anii?yaeaiey aauaie i?aaeoniio?aia ia?aaea/a eiouanoaa a
aeiaa?eoaeueiia oi?aaeaiea ae?oaiio eeoeo. Yoi iaeii ec aaaeiaeoeo
iieiiii/ee ii ?anii?yaeaieth eiouanoaii.

Enoi/ieee i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe.

A?aaeaeaineee eiaeaen.

Caeii io 3 ethey 1991 aiaea «I i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiuo e
ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee a ?O» a ?aaeaeoeee io 5 ethiy 1992 aiaea.

Iinoaiiaeaiea Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa ?innee io 27 aeaeaa?y 1991 aiaea « I
?aca?aie/aiee ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe».

Oeacu I?aceaeaioa ?O. Iai?eia? Oeac io 6.02.1995 ?96 «I aoi?ii yoaia
i?eaaoecaoeee a Iineaa». Io 27.02.1996 aiaea «I ia?aaea/a noauaeoai ?O
iaoiaeyueony a oaaea?aeueiie nianoaaiiinoe aeoeee AI, ia?aciaaiiuo a
i?ioeanna i?eaaoecaoeee».

Iinoaiiaeaiey I?aaeoaeuenoaa 01.02.1995 aiaea ?96 « I ii?yaeea
inouanoaeaiey i?aa nianoaaiieeia caiaeueiuo aeieae e eiouanoaaiiuo
iaaa». Io 12 ethey 1996 aiaea ?802 « I ia?aaea/a i?aaei?eyoee
i?aaiecaoeee iai?iiiiai eiiieaena, i?eaaoecaoeey eioi?uo cai?auaia ».

I?eia?aoaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe.

Nouanoaoao 2 niiniaa i?eia?aoaiey i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe:

Ia?aiia/aeueiue – iao i?aaii?aainoaa o.a. ia?aoiaea i?aa io iaeiiai
eiie?aoiiai eeoea e ae?oaiio.

I?iecaiaeiue niinia, eioi?ue i?aaeiieaaaao i?aaii?aainoai.

A ?aieao eaaeaeiai ec niiniaia anoue ianeieueei oi?i:

Caaeaaeaiea i?aaeiaoaie i?e?iaeu, ia eioi?ua ie o eiai eiie?aoii iao
i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. Ia?auaiea a nianoaaiiinoue iauaaeinooiiuo aeey
nai?a aauae. Noaouey 221. Nai? yaiae , a?eaia, aeiau/a aeeaioiuo.

Nianoaaiiinoue ia iiaoth aauue, naeaeaiioth eeoeii aeey naay. Noaouey
219- ia n/ao iaaeaeaeeiinoe.

I?eia?aoaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia ie/uee aaue. Yoi iaoiaeea (a AE
noaouey 227,229 6 ianyoeaa -aei 20% ) , eeaae (noaouey 233) , ioeaciua
aaue. Eeaae – ca?uoua a caieth eee ne?uoua eiui ia?acii aaue. 50% –
iaoaaeoaio e 50% nianoaaiieeo oa??eoi?ee. Anee eeoei iaoei eeaae aac
niaeaney nianoaaiieea, oi ana iieo/aao nianoaaiiee. Anee eeaae
niaea?aeeo i?aaeiaou enoi?ee e eoeueoo?u, iaiyoieee, eo ia?aaeatho a
nianoaaiiinoue ainoaea?noaa. 50% nianoaaiieeo e iaoaaeoaio (ii 25%)

I?eia?aoaoaeueiay aeaaiinoue. Yoi aeaaeaiea e iieueciaaiea eiouanoaii
Oa?aeoa?ecoaony 5 i?eciaeaie:

Aeaaeaiea e iieueciaaiea /ooeie aauueth. Yoi oaeo aeaaeaiey /oaeie
aauueth( noaouey 204)

Aeia?iniaanoii

Ioe?uoi- ia ne?uaay, ia oay.

Iai?a?uaii

A oa/aiee ii?aaeaeaiiiai a?aiaie , onoaiiaeaiiiai caeiiii. N?ie caaeneo
io aaue (iaaeaeaeeiua 15 eao, aeaeaeeiua 5 eao). Noaouey 10, ioieo 3 –
I?acoiioeey aeia?iniaanoiinoe. Aeia?iniaanoiue oie, eoi ia iia ciaoue ,
/uey aauue.

I?iecaiaeiua niiniau i?eia?aoaiey. Eo 3 :

I?eia?aoaiea ii aeiaiai?o. Eiaaea anoue i?aaii?aainoai.

I?eia?aoaiea ii ianeaaenoao.

I?eia?aoaiea eiouanoaa a nianoaaiiinoue a i?ioeanna ?ai?aaiecaoeee
nianoaaiieea (th?eaee/aneiai eeoea).

Noaouey 218 AE ioieo 4 – aicieeiiaaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe o /eaia AEE,
ANE. I?e aianaiee iieiinoueth iaaaiai aciina , /eai i?eia?aoaao i?aai
nianoaaiiinoe ia aauue.

I?e naiiaieueiie iino?ieea. Naiiaieueiay iino?ieea – aeeeie aeii, eiia
no?iaiea, iaaeaeaeeiinoue ia ia ioaaaeaiiii caiaeueiii o/anoea. Eiaaea
ia iieo/aii ?ac?aoaiea ia no?ieoaeuenoai. Eeoei niaa?oeaoaa
naiiaieueioth iino?ieeo ia i?aa?auaaony a nianoaaiieea. A iaeioi?uo
neo/ayo noae iiaeao i?eciaoue i?aai nianoaaiiinoe ia iino?ieeo ia
nianoaaiiii caiaeueiii o/anoea.

I?e i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiiai eee ioieoeeiaeueiiai eiouanoaa.

Noaouey 234 AE Iiiaio aicieeiiaaiey i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe i?e i?eia?aoaiee
ii aeiaiai?o. I?e neo/aeiie aeaaee (iia?aaeaeaiey) Noaouey 211 AE- ?ene
ianao aa nianoaaiiee, anee eiia ia onoaiiaeaii caeiiii eee aeiaiai?ii.

Eeoa?aoo?a : Ae. I. Aaieei «I?aai nianoaaiiinoe a NNN?». A.A. *a?aiaiia.
A.A. Aaiaaeeeoia «Ainoaea?noaaiiay nianoaaiiinoue». TH.E. Oienoie . A.A.
Ea?ann. TH.O. Eaeiueia. Nooaiia «Eiiiaioa?ee e AE».

18 Oaa?aey 1997 aiaea.

N eaeiai iiiaioa aicieeaao i?aai nianoaaiiinoe o i?eia?aoaoaey aaue ii
aeiaiai?o (223 e 224 noaouey) aicieeaao n iiiaioa aa ia?aaea/e anee eiia
ia i?aaeoniio?aii caeiiii eee aeiaiai?ii. Yoi aeaniiceoeaiay ii?ia ,
o/anoieee iiaoo eia/a ia?aniio?aoue yoio iiiaio. I?e io/oaeaeaiee
eiouanoaa , eioi?ia iiaeeaaeeo ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee, i?aai
nianoaaiiinoe aicieeaao n iiiaioa oaeie ?aaeno?aoeee noaouey 223AE ioieo
2 (yoi iai?eia? naeaeee n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth noaouey 131AE). Caeii iiaeao
onoaiiaeoue iai?eia? aicieeiiaaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe n iiiaioa
ia?aaea/e. *oi oaeia ia?aaea/a aaue. Yoi oaeoe/aneay e th?eaee/aneay
ia?aaea/a aaue:

Oaeoe/aneay ia?aaea/a – yoi a?o/aiea aaue i?eia?aoaoaeth. Oaeoe/aneia
ia?aiauaiea aaue e i?eia?aoaoaeth.

TH?eaee/aneay ia?aaea/a – ia?aaea/ae i?eciaaony:

Naea/a ia?aaic/eeo aeey ioi?aaee e i?eia?aoaoaeth. Noaouey 224AE. Anee
aaue io/oaeaeaiu aac iaycaoaeuenoaa aeinoaaee.

Naea/a aaue a i?aaiecaoeeth nayce , aauae io/oaeaeaiiuo aac
iaycaoaeuenoaa aeinoaaee.

E ia?aaea/a aaue i?e?aaieaaaony ia?aaea/a eiiinaiaioa (yoi aeae
aeieoiaioa ioi?ieythuaai ii?neoth ia?aaiceo a?oca) eee eiiai
oiaa?i?anii?yaeeoaeueiiai aeieoiaioa ia iaa.

Aiciiaeia neooaoeey , eiaaea e iiiaioo caeeth/aiey aeiaiai?a aauue oaea
iaoiaeeony ai aeaaeaiee i?eia?aoaoaey. A yoii neo/aa iia i?eciaaony
ia?aaeaiiie aio n yoiai iiiaioa ( n iiiaioa caeeth/aiey aeiaiai?a)

I?ae?auaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe.

Iii ia iiaeao auoue i?ae?auaii iiieii aiee nianoaaiieea.

?yae neo/aaa ii nianoaaiiie aiea :

Io/oaeaeaiea nianoaaiieeii naiaai eiouanoaa.

Ioeac nianoaaiieea io i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. Ii caeiio a?aaeaeaiei eee th?
eeoei iiaeao ioeacaoueny io i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia naia eiouanoai,
iauyaea ia yoii eeai niaa?oea ae?oaea aeaenoaey, naeaeaoaeuenoaothuea i
aai ono?aiaiee io aeaaeaiey, iieueciaaiey e ?anii?yaeaiey eiouanoaii.
Iai?eia? ioeac io ianeaaenoaa. Noaouey 236 AE.

AE i?aaeoniio?aa i?ae?auaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe i?aaeoniao?eaaao
neooaoeeth, eiaaea nianoaaiiinoue i?ae?auaaony iiieii aiee nianoaaiieea:

A neo/aa neo/aeiie aeaaee aaue (Noaouey 211).

Ia?auaiea acuneaiey ia eiouanoai ii iaycaoaeuenoaai. Iii i?iecaiaeeony
ii ?aoaieth noaea e a ae?oaeo neo/ayo (iai?eia? ii niaeaoaieth iaaeaeo
aeieaeieeii e e?aaeeoi?ii).

Io/oaeaeaiea eiouanoaa eioi?ia a neeo caeiia ia iiaeao i?eiaaeeaaeaoue
aeaiiiio eeoeo (Noaouey 238AE). A oa/aiee aiaea nianoaaiiee aeieaeai
i?iecaanoe io/oaeaeaiea eiouanoaa. Anee yoiai ii ia naeaeaao , oi iii
iiaeeaaeeo i?eioaeeoaeueiie i?iaeaaea, n ia?aaea/ae auaoaio nianoaaiieeo
au?o/aiiie noiiu ca au/aoii cao?ao ia ia?aaea/o.

Io/oaeaeaiea iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa a nayce n ecuyoeai caiaeueiiai
o/anoea. Iai?eia? aeey iauanoaaiiuo iaaeiaiinoae. Eiouanoai iiaeao auoue
aueoieaii ainoaea?noaii (noaouey 239 –>, 279-282 e 284-286 «iiea ia
aeaenoaotho» AE)

Aueoi aanoicyenoaaiii niaea?aeeiuo eoeueoo?iuo oeaiiinoae e aeiiaoieo
aeeaioiuo. Yoe oeaiiinoe , io?aiyaiua ainoaea?noaii iiaoo auoue
aueoieaiu ii ?aoaieth noaea.

?aeaeceoeey – yoi niinia ecuyoey eiouanoaa a eioa?anao iauanoaa ii
?aoaieth ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia a neo/ayo noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee, aaa?ee,
yieaeaiee e o.i. i?e ianoiyoaeuenoaao, iinyueo /?acau/aeiue oa?aeoa?.
Iia inouanoaeyaony ca ieaoo e n auieaoie noieiinoe eiouanoaa e n
eiiiainaoeeae cao?ao. (Noaouey 242AE).

Eiioeneaoeey yoi i?eioaeeoaeueiia ecuyoea eiouanoaa o nianoaaiieea , ii
aacaiciacaeii e ii ?aoaieth noaea a aeaea naieoeee ca i?anooieaiea eee
eiia i?aaiia?ooaiea.

Eiua.

Noauaeou i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe.

Eie iiaoo auoue a?aaeaeaia ( oece/aneea eeoea), TH?eaee/aneea eeoea ,
?O, Noauaeou ?innee , ioieoeeiaeueiua ia?aciaaiey.

A?aaeaeaineee eiaeaen ioeacaeny io yaii au?aaeaiiiai oiio?aaeaiey
iiiyoea aeaeu e oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe. O anao nianoaaiieeia iaeie e oa
aea i?aaiii/ey ( aeaaeaiea, iieueciaaiea e ?anii?yaeaiea). Aaaeii
?acee/aoue ia oi?iu e aeaeu ,a noauaeoia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. Noaouey
212Ae , ioieo 1

A ?O i?eciathony e caueuathony:

*anoiay

Ainoaea?noaaiiay

Ioieoeeiaeueiay

Eiua oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe

Eoae noauaeoaie i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe yaeythony 5 eaoaai?ee eeoe. Noaouey
212Ae i?aaeoniao?eaaao, /oi caeii o/eouaaao iniaaiiinoe i?eia?aoaiey e
i?ae?auaiey i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe , a oae aea aeaaeaiey, iieueciaaiey e
?anii?yaeaiey ei a caaeneiinoe io noauaeoa.

A nianoaaiiinoe eeoe iiaeao iaoiaeeony eiouanoai , eioi?ia iiaeao
i?eiaaeeaaeaoue ei ii caeiio. Noaouey 213AE . Eiee/anoai e noieiinoue
eiouanoaa, iaoiaeyuaainy a nianoaaiiinoe a?aaeaeai e th?eaee/aneeo eeoe
ia ia?aie/eaathony (oieueei a neo/ayo, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiii.)

Noaouey 1 AE, ioieo 2.

Noaouey 212 AE – i?aai nianoaaiiinoe iiaeao auoue ia?aie/aii oieueei
oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii e oieueei a oeaeyo caueou …(ni. noaoueth 1).
Iaaei oeacaoue , /oi ia ana th?eaee/aneea eeoea iiaoo auoue
nianoaaiieeaie eiouanoaa. Eiiia?/aneea e iaeiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee
e?iia ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee , a oae aea
o/?aaeaeaiee oeiaine?oaiuo nianoaaiieeii yaeythony nianoaaiieeaie naiaai
eiouanoaa.

Aeeaaeu (aciinu) o/?aaeeoaeae, o/anoieeia (/eaiia).

Eiouanoai i?eia?aoaiiia th?eaee/aneei eeoeii ii eiui iniiaaieyi.

Iniai aiai?eo caeii i nianoaaiiinoe iauanoaaiiuo ?aeeaeiciuo
i?aaiecaoeee iauaaeeiaiee , aeaaioai?eoaeueiuo e eiuo oiiaeia. A neo/aa
eeeaeaeaoeee iiaeiaiuo th?eaee/aneeo eeoe eiouanoai ieeiio ia
aica?auaaony , a eaeao ia oaeiaeaoai?aiea o?aaiaaiee e?aaeeoi?ia, a
inoaoie eaeao ia aeinoeaeaiea oeaeae, oeacaiiuo a onoaaa.

Oeac i?aceaeaioa io 27 ieoya?y 1993 aiaea « I ?aaoee?iaaiee caiaeueiuo
ioiioaiee e ?acaeoee aa?a?iie ?aoi?iu a ?innee». Yoio oeac iioaeeeiaai a
?A io 23 ieoya?y 1993 aiaea. Eciaiaiey aianaiu 24 aeaeaa?y 1993 aiaea.
Caiaeueiua o/anoee e ana , /oi i?i/ii n ieie naycaii – ioiinyony e
iaaeaeaeeiinoe. A?aaeaeaia e th? eeoea – nianoaaiieee caiaeueiuo
o/anoeia eiatho i?aai niaa?oaoue n ieie ?acee/iua naeaeee:

Aea?eoue

Naeaaaoue a caeia

I?iaeaaaoue

E o.ae.

Yoei oeacii ooaa?aeaeaii naeaeaoaeuenoai i i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia
caieth. Oeac I?aceaeaioa io 23 ai?aey 1993 aiaea « I aeiiieieoaeueiuo
ia?ao ii iaaeaeaieth a?aaeaeai caiaeueiuie o/anoeaie». 14 ethiy 1992
aiaea . Oeac io7 ia?oa 1996 aiaea ? 337 « I ?aaeecaoeee eiinoeoooeeiiiuo
i?aa a?aaeaeai ia caieth» ?A 12 ia?oa 1996 aiaea. Yoio oeac iiyaeeny eae
i?iaeieaeaiea.

I?aaa ia aeieth(iae) a n\o iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa1 oaa?aey 1995
aiaea ? 96 «I ii?yaeea inouanoaeaiey i?aa nianoaaiieeia caiaeueiuo
aeieae e eiouanoaaiiuo iaaa» NC ?O 1995 aiae ?7 noaouey 534. Ianeieueei
naiinoiyoaeueiuo aeieoiaioia a iai. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iiaeaioiaea e
auaea/a aeieoiaioia i i?aaa ia caiaeueiua aeiee e eiouanoaaiiua iae.
?aeiiaiaeaoeee i ii?yaeea ?anii?yaeaiey caiaeueiuie aeieyie e
eiouanoaaiiuie iayie. ?aeiiaiaeaoeey ?:

– i?eeiaeaiea 1 «I?eia?iue iaeao aeieoiaioia (iaoa?eaeia) i auaea/a
naeaeaoaeuenoa i i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia caiaeueiua aeiee e i i?aaa ia
eiouanoaaiiua iae». I?eeiaeaiea 2 «I?eia?iay oi?ia naeaeaoaeuenoaa i
i?aaa ia eiouanoaaiiue iae».

– i?eeiaeaiea 1 «I?eia?iue aeiaiai? a?aiaeu caiaeueiie aeiee». «
I?eia?iue iiiainoi?iiiee aeiaiai? a?aiaeu caiaeueiuo aeieae».
I?eeiaeaiea 2 «I?eia?iue aeiaiai? eoiee – i?iaeaaee caiaeueiie aeiee».
I?eeiaeaiea 3 «I?eia?iue aeiaiai? eiouanoaaiiiai iay». I?eeiaeaiea 4
«I?eia?iue aeiaiai? aea?aiey eiouanoaaiiiai iay».

25 Oaa?aey 1997 aiaea.

Eoi/ay caiaeueiiai o/anoea ( 1993 aiae AIA ?9)

Oeacaiey i iiaeaioiaea iaoa?eaeia aeey i?iaeaaee caiaeueiuo o/anoeia a
ianaeaiiuo ioieoao.

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe th?eaee/aneeo eeoe.

Noaouey ? 213AE . Noaouey 66AE. Noaouey 66 e 68 – i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe
eiiia?/aneeo no?oeoo?. Noaouey 66 – ethaia oicyenoaaiiia oiaa?euanoai e
iauanoai eiaao ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe :

Eiouanoai a aeaea onoaaiiai ( neeaaei/iiai eaieoaea )

Eiouanoai , i?eia?aoaiiia a i?ioeanna aeayoaeueiinoe. Aeeaae a
eiouanoai:

Aeaiueae

Oeaiiua aoiaae

Ae?oaea aaue (iai?eia? iaoeia)

Eiouanoaaiiua i?aaa

Eiua i?aaa , eiathuea aeaiaaeioth ioeaieo. (ioieo 6 noaouee 66 AE)

?acuyniaiey ieaioiia AN e AAN iioaeeeiaaiiua 10 e 13 aaaonoa 1996 aiaea
a ?A, ia n/ao aeeaaeia a eiouanoai aaoi?neeo i?aa, ioieo 17. Oaeei
aeeaaeii ia iiaoo auoue iaoaiou, i?ia?aiiu aeey YAI e iio-oao.

Oi, /oi ia?aaeaaony a onoaaiue (neeaaei/iue) eaieoae yaeyaony
nianoaaiiinoueth naiiai oiaa?euanoaa (iauanoaa). Ioieo 1 noaouee 66 –
eiouanoai i?eiaaeeaaeeo ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe.

Nianoaaiiinoue iaeiiia?/aneeo i?aaiecaoeee.

Noaouey 213 ioieo 4 AE. Iaeiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee eiatho a
nianoaaiiinoe eiouanoai, i?eia?aoaiiia a i?ioeanna aeayoaeueiinoe. A oi
aea a?aiy ia ia/aeueiii yoaia iie iauaaeeiytho eiouanoai. (Noaouey 116
Ioieo 1, noaouey 117 AE, noaouey 118 AE).

I?aai Ainoaea?noaaiiie e ioieoeeiaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe.

Ioieoeeiaeueiay nianoaaiiinoue – yoi iaainoaea?noaaiiay nianoaaiiinoue.
Caiey e ae?oaea i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu (Noaouey 214 ioieo 2 AE). Anee caiey
ia iaoiaeeony a nianoaaiiinoe th?eaee/aneeo eeoe eee a?aaeaeai , oi iia
i?eiaaeeaaeeo ainoaea?noao.

Eiaeaen enoiaeeo ec aiciiaeiinoe i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia caieth a?aaeaeai
e th?eaee/aneeo eeoe.

Iao aanoiciie caiee. I?acoiioeey i?aaa ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe
ia caieth.

27.12.1991 aiaea- iinoaiiaeaiea. Ai?iaeneea e naeueneea iinaeaiey
yaeythony nianoaaiieeaie. Ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoueth a ?innee
yaeyaony:

Eiouanoai, i?eiaaeeaaeauaa ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
( Oaaea?aeueiay nianoaaiiinoue)

Eiouanoai i?eiaaeeaaeauaa ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe noauaeoai ?O(
?anioaeeeai, e?ayi , iaeanoyi, aaoiiiiiie iaeanoe, aaoiiiiiui ie?oaa,
2-i ai?iaeai oaaea?aeueiiai iacia/aiey). Yoi nianoaaiiinoue noauaeoia
?O.

Iauaeou i?aaa ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe. Ana aeaeu aauae eioi?ua
nouanoaotho a i?e?iaea. Nouanoaoao ?aca?aie/aiea iaaeaeo ?O e
noauaeoaie.

Iinoaiiaeaiea «I ?aca?aie/aiee ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe a ?O ia
oaaea?aeueioth nianoaaiiinoue e nianoaaiiinoue noauaeoia e
ioieoeeiaeueioth nianoaaiiinoue» io 27 aeaeaa?y 1991 aiaea.

I?eeiaeaiea ?1 – Iauaeou ioiinyueany eneeth/eoaeueii e oaaea?aeueiie
nianoaaiiinoe (eo 5 eaoaai?ee):

Iauaeou ninoaaeythuea iniiao iaoeeiiaeueiiai aiaaonoaa no?aiu (?ano?nu
eiioeiaioaeueiiai oaeueoa, i?e?iaeiua ia?ee e o.i.)

Iauaeou, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey iaania/aiey ooieoeeiie?iaaiey oaaea?aeueiuo
i?aaiia aeanoe e oi?aaeaiey ( Ainoaea?noaaiiay eacia, cieioie caian ,
aeiaciue e aaethoiue oiiaeu, IAO ).

I?i/ea iauaeou (i?aaei?eyoey ii i?iecaiaenoao nie?oiaie i?iaeoeoeee)

I?eeiaeaiea ?2 – iauaeou oaaea?aeueiie nianoaaiiinoe, eioi?ua iiaoo
ia?aaeaaaoueny a nianoaaiiinoue noauaeoia oaaea?aoeee:

I?aaei?eyoey anao io?aneae ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa.

I?aaei?eyoey aoiiiiai e yia?aaoe/aneiai iaoeiino?iaiey

Ainoaea?noaaiiua naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiua o/?aaeaeaiey.

I?aaei?eyoey ia?aciaaiey

I?aaei?eyoey aaoio?ainii?oa

I?eeiaeaiea ?3 – iauaeou, ioiinyueany e ioieoeeiaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe.

Iauaeou nianoaaiiinoe, ?aniieiaeaiiua a i?aaeaeao oa??eoi?ee eiie?aoiiai
iinaeaiey

AEeeie e iaaeeeie oiiae.

Iauaeou eiaeaia?iie eio?ano?oeoo?u ai?iaeia.

I?aaei?eyoey oi?aiaee e iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey, auoiaiai ianeoaeeaaiey
ianaeaiey.

Iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue, /oi ainoaea?noaaiiay nianoaaiiinoue , ia o?iaia
?anii?yaeaiey oi?aaeyaony ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie e
o/?aaeaeaieyie. Oi?aaeyao ainoaea?noaaiiue i?aai, a niioaaonoaee n
eiiiaoaioeeae. Eaeea i?aaiu oi?aaeytho ainoaea?noaaiiui eiouanoaii:

Eiieoaou e oiiaeu ii oi?aaeaieth eiouanoaii, ia oaaea?aeueiii o?iaia e
ia o?iaia noauaeoia. Yoe i?aaiu aaaeatho e i?ioeaaeo?ie i?eaaoecaoeee.
Iieiaeaiea i ?inneeneii oiiaea oaaea?aeueiiai eiouanoaa aaaaeaiiia a
aeaenoaa oeacii i?aceaeaioa io 17.12.1993 aiaea ?2173 NAII 1993 ?51
noaouey 4937. Oiiae inouanoaeyao i?iaeaaeo i?aaei?eyoee, a oae aea
aeieae , iaaa e aeoeee a eaieoaea iauanoa e oiaa?euanoa. I?aaa e
iaycaiiinoe oiiaea. Oeac I?aceaeaioa io 27.02.1996 aiaea i ia?aaea/a
aeoeee. ?inneeneee Oiiae Oaaea?aeueiiai Eiouanoaa.

I?iaeaaea n aoeoeeiia eiio?aaaiaeu. Yoi oaiiaeaiiua i?aaiu .
Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oaiiaeaiiue Eiieoao.

?aaeecaoeey iaiyoieeia enoi?ee e eoeueoo?u. Yoei aaaeaao ieienoa?noai
eoeueoo?u. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue – Aaaaiee Neaei?ia.

Enee ia eiouanoaaiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe – e ainoaea?noaaiiui
o/?aaeaeaieyi. Ii aii?inai auaeaeaiey /anoe eiouanoaa aeey iie?uoey
aeieaia ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey – aaaeatho i?aaiu ieienoa?noaa
oeiainia. Noaouey 124, 125, 127AE.

Ainoaea?noaaiiia e ioieoeeiaeueiia eiouanoai ia?aaeaaony /anoe/ii
ainoaea?noaaiiui eee ioieoeeiaeueiui o/?aaeaeaieyi. Nouanoaotho i?aaiaua
aeou:

Iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa io 10 02 1994 aiaea « I aeaeaae?iaaiee
iieiiii/ee i?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O ii oi?aaeaieth e ?anii?yaeaieth iauaeoaie
ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe ». NAII 1994 ?8 Noaouey 593.
I?aaeoniio?aii, /oi ?aoaiea i nicaeaiee eeeaeaeaoeee oaaea?aeueiuo ain
i?aaei?eyoee i?eieiaaony i?aaeoaeuenoaii ia iniiaaiee niaianoiiai
i?aaenoaaeaiey Ainoaea?noaaiiiai eiieoaoa eiouanoaa, Iei yeiiiieee e
oiai oaaea?aeueiiai eniieieoaeueiiai i?aaia ia eiai aiceiaeaii
oi?aaeaiea.

Caeii i ?anii?yaeaiee cae?aieaiiui a oaaea?aeueiie nianoaaiiinoe
iaeaoaie aeoeee , cae?aieaiiuie a oaaea?aeueiie nianoaaiiinoe. Caeii ia
io/oaeaeaiee aeoeee ( iaeaoia aeoeee) cae?aieaiiuo a oaaea?aeueiie
nianoaaiiinoe e i aianaiee a ea/anoaa aeeaaeia iauaeoia oaaea?aeueiie
nianoaaiiinoe a iieaoo onoaaiuo eaieoaeia oicyenoaaiiuo oiaa?euanoa e
iauanoa. Noaouey 214 e 215 AE.

3 eaoaai?ee eaciu:

Oaaea?aeueiay

Eacia noauaeoia oaaea?aoeee

Ioieoeeiaeueiay eacia.

Eacia – yoi aeaiaaeiia n?aaenoai niioaaonoaothuaai athaeaeaoa (?O,
noauaeoa ?O, ioieoeeiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey)

Noaouee athaeaeaoa:

Aeioiaeiua

?anoiaeiua

Eiia ainoaea?noaaiiia eiouanoai, ia cae?aieaiiia ca ainoaea?noaaiiuie
eee ioieoeeiaeueiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie e o/?aaeaeaieyie. Noaouey 294,296AE.

I?eaaoecaoeey ainoaea?noaaiiie eee ioieoeeiaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe.
I?eaaoecaoeey yoi aaca aeey i?eia?aoaiey i?aaa /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe.
217 noaouey AE eiouanoai, iaoiaeyuaany a ainoaea?noaaiiie eee
ioieoeeiaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe iiaeao auoue ia?aaeaii aai nianoaaiieeii a
nianoaaiiinoue a?aaeaeai e th?eaee/aneeo eeoe , a ii?yaeea ,
i?aaeoniio?aiiii caeiiii i i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiiai e
ioieoeeiaeueiiai eiouanoaa. I?e i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiiai e
ioieoeeiaeueiiai eiouanoaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiua ianoiyuei eiaeaenii
iieiaeaiey, ?aaoee?othuea ii?yaeie i?eia?aoaiey e i?ae?auaiey i?aaa
nianoaaiiinoe i?eiaiythony, anee caeiiaie i i?eaaoecaoeee ia
i?aaeoniio?aii eiia. Caeii ?O io 3 ethey 1991 aiaea «I i?eaaoecaoeee
ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee a ?O. A ?aaeaeoeee io 5
ethiy 1992 aiaea( ?A 19 ethey 1991 aiaea). Iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa
io 26 aeaeaa?y 1991 aiaea «I iaeioi?uo aii?inao , naycaiiuo n
i?eaaoecaoeeae aeeeeuiiai oiiaea a ?NON?» . Aaeaaiaeii ooaa?aeaeathony e
ioaeeeothony ainoaea?noaaiiua i?ia?aiiu i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiuo e
ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee a ?O. Iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa io 12
ethey 1996 aiaea ? 802 – ia?a/aiue i?aaei?eyoee iai?iiiiai eiiieaena,
i?eaaoecaoeey eioi?uo cai?auaia «480 i?aaei?eyoee» (?A 30 ethey 1996
aiaea).

Caeii i i?eaaoecaoeee io 3 ethey 1991 aiaea niaea?aeeo 31 noaoueth.
Caeanue aeaii iiiyoea i?eaaoecaoeee. Noaouey 1 – i?eaaoecaoeey yoi
i?eia?aoaiea a?aaeaeaiaie, AI (oiaa?euanoaaie) o ainoaea?noaa e ianoiuo
niaaoia ia?iaeiuo aeaiooaoia (ioieoeeiaeueiuo ia?aciaaiee) a /anoioth
nianoaaiiinoue i?aaei?eyoee , oeaoia , auaeaeyaiuo a ea/anoaa
naiinoiyoaeueiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee . I?eia?aoaiea iai?oaeiaaiey, caeaiee,
eeoeaicee e ae?oaeo iaoa?eaeueiuo e iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeoeaia
i?aaei?eyoee.

Noaouey 2 caeiia i i?eaaoecaoeee i?aaeoniao?eaaao aa i?aaiaia
?aaoee?iaaiea.

Noaouey 3 – ainoaea?noaaiiay i?ia?aiia i?eaaoecaoeee. Caeii i
i?eaaoecaoeee i?aaeoniao?eaaao, eoi eieoeee?oao i?ioeann. Yoi
Ainoaea?noaaiiue eiieoao eiouanoaa.

3 oi?iu i?eaaoecaoeee:

Aueoi a?aiaeiaaiiiai eiouanoaa.

Aeoeeiie?iaaiea.

I?iaeaaea n oi?aia.

4 ia?oa 1997 aiaea.

I?aai iauae nianoaaiiinoe.

Aii?inu:

Iiiyoea e iniiaaiey aicieeiiaaiey i?aai iauae nianoaaiiinoe.

Iauay nianoaaiiinoue – eiouanoai iaoiaeyuaany a nianoaaiiinoe aeaoo eee
ianeieueeeo eeoe. Iauay nianoaaiiinoue iiaeao aicieeiooue aneaaenoaea
?acee/iuo i?e/ei:

i?eia?aoaiea ianeieueeeie eeoeaie iaaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa;

anooieaiea a a?ae e i?eia?aoaiea eiouanoaa a a?aea;

i?e caeeth/aiee aeiaiai?a i niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe;

Iiaoo auoue e ae?oaea iniiaaiey aicieeiiaaiey iauae nianoaaiiinoe.
Nouanoaoao aeaa aeaea iauae nianoaaiiinoe:

iauay aeieaaay nianoaaiiinoue (eiouanoai, eioi?ia i?eiaaeeaaeeo
ianeieueeei eeoeai ii aeieyi);

iauay niaianoiay nianoaaiiinoue (iauay nianoaaiiinoue aac ii?aaeaeaiey
aeieae o/anoieeia).

Iauay nianoaaiiinoue yaeyaony aeieaaie, e?iia neo/aaa eiaaea caeiiii
i?aaeoniio?aia niaianoiay nianoaaiiinoue. A aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa –
i?acoiioeey aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe. Aeaa oi?iu iauae niaianoiie
nianoaaiiinoe: nianoaaiiinoue noi?oaia e niaianoiay nianoaaiiinoue
e?anoueyineiai (oa?ia?neiai) oicyenoaa. Eiatho aaaeiia cia/aiea. *aoeay
i?aaiaay ?aaeaiaioaoeey.

Iauay aeieaaay nianoaaiiinoue.

Aeieaaay nianoaaiiinoue icia/aao iaee/ea o eeoe (nianoaaiieeia) oae
iacuaaaiie eaeaaeueiie aeiee , oi anoue aeiee a i?aaa ia eiouanoai.
I?acoiioeey ?aaainoaa aeieae. Aeiee o/anoieeia i?aaeiieaaathony ?aaiuie,
anee eiia ia onoaiiaeaii caeiiii e aeiaiai?ii. I?eioeei ?aaainoaa aeieae
a iaeioi?uo neo/ayo i?yii auoaeaao ec caeiia. ?anii?yaeaiea aeieaaie
nianoaaiiinoueth. ?anii?yaeaiea eiouanoaii a aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe
i?ienoiaeeo ii niaeaoaieth anao o/anoieeia. O/anoieee aeieaaie
nianoaaiiinoe iiaoo aeiaiai?eoueny, eae iie aoaeoo ?anii?yaeaoueny oaeei
eiouanoaii. Ii?yaeie eciaiaiey aeieae, n o/aoii aeeaaea eaaeaeiai.
Ii?aaeaeaiea niaeaoaieai eciaiaiey aeieae. Caeii i?aaeinoaaeyao
o/anoieeai iauae aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe oaeea aea oe?ieea i?aaa eae e
eiui nianoaaiieeai, oi anoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui nianoaaiieeai. O/anoiee
aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe ai?aaa i?iaeaoue (iaiyoue) naith aeieth,
iiaea?eoue, caaauaoue, ia?aaeaoue a caeia e eiui niiniaii ia?aaeaoue
aicieeaao i?aai i?aeiouanoaaiiie iieoiee i?iaeaaaaiie aeiee o?aoueei
eeoeai, ii i?e yoii anoue naiaia?aciia i?aaeei eioi?iai iao i?e iau/iii
i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, i?aaa i?aeiouanoaaiiie iieoiee aeiee. Anee
iaeaaeaoaeue aeiee a iauae nianoaaiiinoe iiaeaeaao aiciacaeii
?aaeeciaaoue naith aeieth, oi o inoaeueiuo o/anoieeia, ii n iaeiei
eneeth/aieai e iaeiei oneiaeai. Ii oeaia ii eioi?ie iia i?iaeaaony e ia
i?i/eo ?aaiuo oneiaeyo. Eneeth/aiea: i?iaeaaea eiouanoaa n ioaee/iuo
oi?aia: eiieo?n eee aoeoeeii (i?aeiouanoaa iieoiee iao). No.447-449 AE.
No.255 AE. No.250 /.2 AE i i?aaa i?aeiouanoaaiiie iieoiee aeiee
iaycuaaao i?iaeaaoea ecaanoeoue ienueiaiii ae?oaeo o/anoieeia aeieaaie
nianoaaiiinoe i?iaeaoue naith aeieth iinoi?iiiaio eeoeo n oeacaieai
oeaiu e ae?oaeo oneiaee, ia eioi?uo i?iaeaao aa. Anee inoaeueiua
o/anoieee aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe ioeaaeoony io iieoiee eee ia
i?eia?aooo i?iaeaaaaioth aeieth a i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia iaaeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai a oa/aiea ianyoea, a a i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia aeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai a oa/aiea aeanyoe aeiae ni aeiy ecaauaiey, i?iaeaaaoe ai?aaa
i?iaeaoue naith aeieth ethaiio eeoeo.

Iineaaenoaey ia?ooaiey yoiai i?aaa – a oa/aiea o?ao ianyoeaa ethaie
o/anoiee aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe eiaao i?aai o?aaiaaoue a noaeaaiii
ii?yaeea ia?aaiaea ia iaai i?aa e iaycaiiinoae iieoiaoaey.

Aii?in i iiiaioa ia?aoiaea i?aaa iauae nianoaaiiinoe ae?oaiio eeoeo ii
aeiaiai?o. Aeiey a i?aaa iauae nianoaaiiinoe ia?aoiaeeo ae?oaiio eeoeo n
iiiaioa caeeth/aiey aeiaiai?a.

Aeaaeaiea e iieueciaaiea aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoueth.

Inouanoaeyaony o/anoieeaie aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe ii eo niaeaoaieth. A
i?e ia aeinoeaeaiee niaeaney a ii?yaeea onoaiaaeeaaaiii noaeii. O/anoiee
ai?aaa iio?aaiaaoue eiiiainaoeee anee /anoue aai eiouanoaa cia/eoaeueii
iaiueoa aai aeiee. A i?ioeanna iieueciaaiey aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe iiaoo
aicieeiooue i?iaeoeoeey e ieiaeu. Ana yoi iinooiaao a ninoaa iauaai
eiouanoaa e ?ani?aaeaeyaony niioaaonoaaiii aeiea eaaeaeiai. ?anoiaeu ii
niaea?aeaieth (oieaoa iaeiaia, nai?ia e eiuo ieaoaaeae). Eaaeaeue
o/anoiee ianao ni?acia?ii naiae aeiea a i?aaa iauae aeieaaie
nianoaaiiinoe.

?acaeae eiouanoaa iaoiaeyuaainy a aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe e auaeae ec
iaai aeiee.

?aoaiea yoeo aii?inia i?iua, /ai ii niaianoiie nianoaaiiinoe. ?acaeae
aeieaaiai eiouanoaa iai?inoay aauue. Eiouanoai aeaeeony
i?iii?oeeiiaeueii aeiea. E ?acaeae a iaoo?a i?ienoiaeeo ii niaeaoaieth
o/anoieeia. Niaeaoaiea i?aaeoniao?eaaao ?acaeae a oaeaniii aeaea,
nianoaaiiee i?eia?aoaao eiie?aoiia eiouanoai, noaiiaynue i?inoi
nianoaaiieeii. Anee niaeaoaiea aeinoe/ue ia oaeaaony, oi o/anoiee (e)
ai?aaa ia?aoeoueny a noae. Eiiaaea auaeaeeoue aeieth a iaoo?a ia
oaeaaony. Auaeae aeiee i?ienoiaeeo iooai auaeaea auaeaeythuaiony
o/anoieeo aeaiaaeiie eiiiainaoeee eee eiie eiiiainaoeee (aauiie e ia
oieueei). Ii oieueei n niaeaney yoiai o/anoieea. I?eioaeeoaeueii
canoaaeoue iieo/aoue eiiiainaoeeth ia aeiioneaaony. Eneeth/aiea ec yoiai
i?aaeea aiciiaeiu, ii iau/ii oaeea aii?inu ?aoaao noae. I?aai auaeaea
caiaeueiuo o/anoeia niioaaonoaaiii aeiea. Iiae?iaii ii?yaeie
inouanoaeaiey i?aa nianoaaiieeia caiaeueiuo iaaa ?aaoee?oao
Iinoaiiaeaiea I?aaeoaeuenoaa io 1 oaa?aey 1995 aiaea ?96. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
ii iiaeaioiaea e auaea/a aeieoiaioia i i?aaa ia caiaeueiua aeiee e
eiouanoaaiiua iae. A ieo i?aaeoniio?aii i?aai o/anoieeia
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eiiia?/aneeo i?aaiecaoeee iieo/eoue
naeaeaoaeuenoai ia i?aai nianoaaiiinoe ia caiaeueiua aeiee e
eiouanoaaiiua iae. A aaeieieno?aoeee ?aeiiia iaeanoae. I?eia?iue iaeao
aeieoiaioia (iaoa?eaeia) i auaea/a naeaeaoaeuenoa ia i?aai nianoaaiiinoe
ia caiaeueiua aeiee e eiouanoaaiiua iae.

Oi?iu ?anii?yaeaiey caiaeueiuie aeieyie:

a?aiaea

eoiey-i?iaeaaea

iaiai ia eiouanoaaiiue iae

aianaiea caiaeueiie aeiee a onoaaiie eaieoae naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
iauanoaa

11 ia?oa 1997 aiaea.

I?aai iauae (niaianoiie ) nianoaaiiinoe . Nianoaaiiinoue aac auaeaeaiey
aeieae. Aeaeu:

Nianoaaiiinoue noi?oaia. I?aaiaie ?aaeei yoie nianoaaiiinoe
?aaeaiaioe?iaai AE. (33-39 Noaouey Naiaeiiai eiaeaena ?O io 29 aeaeaa?y
1995). Noaouey 40-44 naiaeiiai eiaeaena, eo oae aea iiaeii iiaeeeth/eoue
nthaea. Iinoaiiaeaiea ?3 ieaioia AN ?NON? io 21/02/1973 a ?aaeaeoeee io
25/04/1995 «I iaeioi?uo aii?inao , aicieeathueo a i?aeoeea i?eiaiaiey
noaeaie eiaeaena i a?aea e naiuea ?NON?».Noaouey 256 AE. ?aaeei iauae
niaianoiie nianoaaiiinoe noi?oaia. ?acaeae «I?aaa e iaycaiiinoe
noi?oaia» e «Caeiiiue ?aaeei eiouanoaa noi?oaia» – caeanue iiyniyaony,
/oi yoio caeiiiue ?aaeei aeaenoaoao, anee eiia ia i?aaeoniio?aii a?a/iui
aeiaiai?ii. Anee eiio?aeoa iao, oi caeii ii?aaeaeyao i?aaa ia eiouanoai
noi?oaia:

Noaouey 256 AE. Eiouanoai, iaaeeoia noi?oaaie ai a?aiy a?aea yaeyaony eo
niaianoiie nianoaaiiinoueth, anee aeiaiai?a iaaeaeo ieie ia onoaiiaeai
eiie ?aaeei yoiai eiouanoaa. Eiouanoai, i?eiaaeeaaeaaoaa eaaeaeiio ec
noi?oaia aei anooieaiey a a?ae , a oae aea iieo/aiiia iaeiei ec noi?oaia
ai a?aiy a?aea a aea? eee a ii?yaeea ianeaaeiaaiey yaeyaony aai
nianoaaiiinoueth. *oi ioiineony e eiouanoao, iaaeeoiai ai a?aiy a?aea:

Aeioiaeu eaaeaeiai ec noi?oaia io o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe

Io i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Io ?acoeueoaoia eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe .

Iainee , iiniaey e eiua aeaiaaeiua auieaou ia eiathuea niaoeeaeueiiai
oeaeaaiai iacia/aiey.( Iai?eia? niaoeeaeueiia iacia/aiea eiaao
aiciauaiea oua?aa caei?iaueth )

Iauei eiouanoaii noi?oaia yaeythony oae aea aeaeaeeiua e iaaeaeaeeiua
aaue, oeaiiua aoiaae, iae, aeeaaeu e aeiee a eaieoaea, aianaiiua a
eiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee, i?eia?aoaiiua ca n/ao iaueo aeioiaeia. Ethaia
ae?oaia eiouanoai, iaaeeoia noi?oaaie a ia?eiae a?aea iacaaeneii io oiai
ia eiy eiai ec ieo iii i?eia?aoaii e eai aianaiu aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa.
Ioieo 3 noaouee 34 NE aeaneo – i?aai ia iauaa eiouanoai noi?oaia
i?eiaaeeaaeeo oae aea noi?oao, eioi?ue a ia?eiae a?aea inouanoaeye
aaaeaiea aeiiaoiaai oicyenoaa, ooiae ca aeaoueie eee ii ae?oaei
oaaaeeoaeueiui i?e/eiai ia eiae naiinoiyoaeueiiai aeioiaea. Yoe i?aaeea
i niaianoiie nianoaaiiinoe noi?oaia ?ani?ino?aiythony oae aea ia
noi?oaia, yaeythueony /eaiaie e?anoueyineeo ( oa?ia?neeo oicyenoa) ,
?aaeei niaianoiie nianoaaiiinoe eioi?uo ii?aaeaeyaony noaoueyie 257-258
AE. Eae aeaaeatho , ?anii?yaeathony e iieuecothony noi?oae eiouanoaii
252 ,253, 254 noaouee AE ( ii iaithaeiiio niaeaneth, eioi?ia aeanoei ia
oi?iaeeciaaii. I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi niaeanea eiaaony. I?acoiioeey, /oi
aeaenoaoao n niaeaney noi?oae. Ii anee iaeei noi?oa n/eoaao naeaeeo ia
?acoiiie , /a?ac noae iiaeii i?eciaoue aa iaaeaenoaeoaeueiie, anee
aoaeao aeieacaii, /oi ae?oaay noi?iia caaaaeiii ciaea i ianiaeanee
noi?oaa. Ii yoe i?aaeea ia ioiinyony e iaaeaeaeeiinoe, anee naeaeea
eanaaony ?anii?yaeaiey iaaeaeaeeiinoueth eee o?aaoao iioa?eaeueiiai
oaeinoiaa?aiey eee ?aaeno?aoeee , oi ia yoo naeaeeo o?aaoaony
ienueiaiiiai niaeaney ae?oaiai noi?oaa (iioa?eaeueii oaeinoiaa?aiiia).
Aii?in a ioiioaiee eiouanoaa, iaaeeoiai noi?oaaie ai a?aiy a?aea. Aianoa
n oai eiouanoai i?eiaaeeaaeauaa noi?oaai aei a?aea eee iieo/aiiia a aea?
eee ii ianeaaenoao iiaeao auoue i?eciaii iauei eiouanoaii ( a neo/aa
eiaaea ca n/ao eiouanoaa ae?oaiai noi?oaa auee i?iecaaaeaiu aeiaeaiey a
yoi eiouanoai, cia/eoaeueii oaaee/eaoea aai noieiinoue (eaieoaeueiue
?aiiio , ?aeiino?oeoeey) ). Noaouey 38 NE. Noi?oae iiaoo aianoe aeeaae
ia eiy ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo aeaoae, yoio aeeaae ?acaeaeo ia i?eiaaeeaaeeo,
ii i?eiaaeeaaeeo yoei aeaoyi. I?e ?acaeaea iauaai eiouanoaa aeiee
noi?oaia i?eciathony ?aaiuie, anee aeiaiai?ii ia i?aaeoniio?aii eiia.
Aeieae aeaeyony ii?iaio iaaeaeo noi?oaaie, anee noae ia ?aoeo ii
ae?oaiio.

Aaue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai iieueciaaiey ca eneeth/aieai ae?aaioeaiiinoae e
ae?oaeo i?aaeiaoia ?ineioe ia n/eoathony ?acaeaeueiie nianoaaiiinoueth.

Nianoaaiiinoue e?anoueyineiai (oa?ia?neiai) oicyenoaa oae aea n/eoaaony
niaianoiie. Noaouey 257-258 AE. NE 33-39. Nooue oaeie nianoaaiiinoe. Yoi
niaianoiay nianoaaiiinoue anee caeiiii eee aeiaiai?ii ia i?aaeoniio?aii
eiia. Ia ana eiouanoai, a oieueei i?aaeinoaaeaiiue a nianoaaiiinoue
oicyenoao eee i?eia?aoaiiue caiaeueiue o/anoie, ianaaeaeaiey ,
oicyenoaaiiua eee eiua iino?ieee, iaeei?aoeaiua eee eiua nii?oaeaiey,
i?iaeoeoeaiue eee ?aai/ee neio, ioeoea, n/o eee eiay oaoieea,
o?ainii?oiua n?aaenoaa, eiaaioa?ue e ae?oaia eiouanoai, i?eia?aoaiiia
aeey oicyenoaa ia iauea n?aaenoaa aai /eaiia. O /eaiia oicyenoaa iiaeao
auoue oae aea ee/iia eiouanoai. Ieiaeu , i?iaeoeoeey e aeioiaeu
iieo/aiiua a ?acoeueoaoa aeayoaeueiinoe oicyenoaa yaeythony iauei
eiouanoaii /eaiia oicyenoaa e eniieuecothony ii niaeaoaieth iaaeaeo ieie
(Noaouey 257). Anee /eaiu oicyenoaa iiaeaeatho ?acaeaeeoue eiouanoai
aeaiiiai oicyenoaa eo aeiee i?eciathony ?aaiuie, anee eiia ia
onoaiaaeeaaaony niaeaoaieai. I?ae?auaiea e?anoueyineiai oa?ia?neiai
oicyenoaa aea/ao ?acaeae eiouanoaa.

I?aai oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey e i?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey.

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe e ae?oaea aauiua i?aaa ia caieth e ia aeeeua
iiiauaiey.

Ia?a/aiue aauiuo i?aa , ia yaeythueony nianoaaiiinoueth:

Noaouey 216 AE. Ethaua ae?oaea i?aaa e?iia nianoaaiiinoe anaaaea oaea
i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe – ia?aie/aiiua aauiua i?aaa. Noaouey 216 iacuaaao 2
a?oiiu ia?aie/aiiuo aauiuo i?aa. Noaouey 216 iacuaaao aauiua i?aaa ,
eanathueany caiee:

Iiaeeciaiiia ianeaaeoaiia aeaaeaiea caieae noaouey 265.

I?aai iinoiyiiiai aann?i/iiai iieueciaaiey caiaeueiui o/anoeii ( Noaouey
268)

Na?aeoooiua i?aaa – na?aeooou (noaouee 274 ,277).

I?aai oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey (noaouey 294).

I?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey eiouanoaii (noaouey 296)

I?aaa /eaiia naiuee nianoaaiieea aeeeiai iiiauaiey ia /anoue yoiai
iiiauaiey. Noaouey 292 AE.

I?aaa caeiaiaea?aeaoaey (noaouee 334,346,347 AE – i caeiaa)

I?aai oaea?aeaiey aaue. Niune, /oi a iaeioi?uo neo/ayo ia?aaic/ee a
i?aaa ia auaeaaaoue a?oc iieo/aoaeth i?e ionoonoaee iieaou ia?aaicee
oiaa?a. (Noaouey 359 AE).

Ana aeaeu aauiuo i?aa oeacaiu a caeiia. Naie o/anoieee ia iiaoo
ecia?aoaoue iiauo aeaeia aauiuo i?aa.

I?aai oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey e iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey.

I?aai oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey (noaouey 294 AE). I?aaeiinueea- /oi
nouanoaoao aieueoie iannea ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe e ioaee/iie (
ioieoeeiaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe). Cia/eoaeueiue iannea eiouanoaa
ia?aaeaaony a oicyenoaaiiia aaaeaiea i?aaei?eyoeyi, a o/?aaeaeaieyi
aeaiueae – a iia?aoeaiia oi?aaeaiea.

Aaiaaeeeoia iainiiaae oai?aoe/anee i?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey.

Niaea?aeaiea i?aaa oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey. Nouanoaoao 8 ioee/ee a
noi?iio noaeaiey i?aaa oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey io nianoaaiiinoe:

Aii?inu nicaeaiey i?aaei?eyoey n i?aaii oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey ?aoaao
nianoaaiiee eiouanoaa.

Nianoaaiiee ii?aaeaeyao i?aaeiao e oeaee aeayoaeueiinoe aeaiiiai
i?aaei?eyoey.

Nianoaaiiee ?aoaao aii?inu ?ai?aaiecaoeee e

eeeaeaeaoeee aeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey.

Nianoaaiiee iacia/aao aee?aeoi?a (?oeiaiaeeoaey) i?aaei?eyoey.

Nianoaaiiee inouanoaeyao eiio?ieue ca eniieueciaaieai e nio?aiiinoueth
eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey.

Nianoaaiiee eiaao i?aai ia iieo/aiea /anoe i?eauee io eniieueciaaiey
eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey .

I?aaei?eyoea ia a i?aaa ?anii?yaeaoueny iaaeaeaeeiui eiouanoaii aac
niaeaney nianoaaiieea.

I?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey. Yoi i?aai i?eiaaeeaaeeo o/?aaeaeaieyi e
eacaiiui i?aaei?eyoeyi. Niaea?aeaiea yoiai i?aaa e aai ioee/ey a noi?iio
noaeaiey io nianoaaiiinoe aeathony a noaouea 296 AE. 5 ia?aie/aiee:

Iie inouanoaeytho naie iieiiii/ey a i?aaeaeao onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiii.

A niioaaonoaee n oeaeyie naiae aeayoaeueiinoe ( caeanue noiaenoai n
i?aaei?eyoeyie)

A niioaaonoaee n caaeaieyie nianoaaiieea.

Iacia/aieai eiouanoaa.

Nianoaaiiee eiouanoaa a i?aaa ecuyoue eceeoiaa , iaeniieuecoaiia eeai
eniieuecoaiia ia ii iacia/aieth eiouanoai e ?anii?yaeeoueny ei ii naiaio
oniio?aieth.

I?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey oaea, ia?aie/aiea nianoaaiiinoe ii yoei 5
iai?aaeaieyi. A AE e?iia yoeo 3 noaoae 294,295,296, anoue aua noaouee,
eioi?ua io?aaeatho ?aaeei eacaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey. Noaouey
297,298,299,300.

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe e ae?oaea aauiua i?aaa ia caieth e aeeeua iiiauaiey.
Noaouey 260 – aeaeea?e?iaaiu i?aaa, eioi?ua eiatho iiae niaie iniiao
(Eiinoeoooeey e o.i.). I?aai nianoaaiieea ?anii?yaeaoueny o/anoeii
caiee, a oae aea caiaeueiie aeieae. Caiaeueiue o/anoie eae iauaeo i?aaa
nianoaaiiinoe. Iiaa?oiinoiue neie ii/au oieueei. I?aaeoniao?eaaaony
?aaeei o/anoeia iauaai iieueciaaiey (noaouey 262). I?aaa ia caieth eeoe,
ia yaeythueieny nianoaaiieeaie. Einoeooo – iiaeeciaiiia caiaeueiia
aeaaeaiea. I?aaeiieaaaao iieueciaaiea, iao ?anii?yaeaiey ( caeiaa e
o.i.). Noaouey 268 – i?aai aann?i/iiai iieueciaaiey. Noaouee 270 – 283 –
ia ecuyoee caiaeue e eiuo o/anoeia aeey ioaeae ainoaea?noaa. Aeaaiia a
oii, /oi ana aeaeaaony ii niaeaoaieth ii noaouea 270. Anee niaeanea ia
aeinoeaiooi, oi ii ?aoaieth noaea i aueoia o/anoea. Noaouey 281 e aeaeaa
iinayuaiu aueoio o/anoea.

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe e ae?oaea aauiua i?aaa ia aeeeua iiiauaiey.

Yoi aeaenoaothuea ii?iu. Noaouee 288 , 293 AE. E?iia yoiai iaiaoiaeeii
eiaoue a aeaeo OC io 24/12/1992 «Ia iniiaao oaaea?aeueiie aeeeeuiie
iieeoeee» a ?aaeaeoeee 12 oaa?aey 1996 aiaea. E OC io 15/06/1996 aiaea
«I oiaa?euanoaao nianoaaiieeia aeeeuey». Oaia?ue ioaeii aeeeuea
ca?aaioaoue. Noaouee 298(nianoaaiiinoue ia aeeeia iiiauaiea), 293 AE –
yoi iniiau. Niaoeeoe/aneay iaaeaeaeeiinoue – nianoaaiiinoue ia aeeeia
iiiauaiea. AEeeua iiiauaiey i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey i?iaeeaaiey a?aaeaeai.
?aciauaiea i?iiuoeaiiuo i?iecaiaenoa ia aeiioneaaony. Noaouey 289 –
eaa?oe?a eae iauaeo i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. Eaa?oe?a- yoi oieueei ai
iiiaieaa?oe?iii aeiia. Iineieueeo eaa?oe?u a nianoaaiiinoe , a
eiiioieeaoeee naycaiu – noaouey 290.

18 ia?oa 1997 aiaea

Caueoa i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe e ae?oaeo i?aa.

Nouanoaotho ?acee/iua niiniau caueou aauiuo i?aa. 2 aieueoeo niiniaa:

Iaycaoaeuenoaaiii- i?aaiaua niiniau

Aauii-i?aaiaua niiniau

Iaycaoaeuenoaaiii i?aaiaua niiniau – yoi caueoa aauiuo i?aa a ?aieao
iaycaoaeuenoaaiiuo i?aaiioiioaiee, o.a. ioiioaiee aicieeathueo a ?aieao
iiiai/eneaiiuo aeiaiai?ia , a oae aea a ?aieao ia aeiaiai?iuo
iaycaoaeuenoa- iai?eia? ec i?e/eiaiey a?aaea. Nianoaaiiee a i?aaa
eno?aaiaaoue eiouanoai o a?aiaeaoi?a ii ieii/aieth n?iea a?aiaeu.

Aauii-i?aaiaua niiniau caueou:

Aeiaeeeaoeeiiiue ene

Iaaaoi?iue ene.

Aeiaeeeaoeey – yoi ene ia aeaaeathuaai nianoaaiieea e aeaaeathuaio ia
nianoaaiieeo eee eno?aaiaaiea nianoaaiieeii naiaai eiouanoaa ec /oaeiai
iacaeiiiiai aeaaeaiey. Iooai aeiaeeeaoeee iau/ii eno?aaothony aaue,
ii?aaeaeyaiua eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie i?eciaeaie. Oneiaey eno?aaiaaiey aaue
ec /oaeiai iacaeiiiiai aeaaeaiey. ?acee/ey a niiniaao ia?aoiaea aaue e
iacaeiiiiio aeaaeaeueoeo:

ii yeiiiie/aneiio niaea?aeaieth ?acee/atho aacaiciacaeiue e aiciacaeiue
ia?aoiae. I?e aacaiciacaeiii iacaeiiiii i?eia?aoaiee eiouanoaa
aeaaeaeaoe anaaaea iaycai aauue aica?aoeoue nianoaaiieeo. Anee aauue
ia?aoea iacaeiiiiio aeaaeaeueoeo ii aiciacaeiie naeaeea – auea eoieaia
eee iaiaiaia ia ae?oaia eiouanoai – oi aiciiaeiinoue aeiaeeoee?iaaiey,
aica?aoa aaue nianoaaiieeo caaeneo io oa?aeoa?a aeaaeaeueoea
(aeia?iniaanoiiai eee iaaeia?iniaanoiiai). A niioaaonoaee ni noaoueae 10
AE – nouanoaoao i?acoiioeey aeia?iniaanoiinoe. Aeia?iniaanoiue
i?eia?aoaoaeue- oio , eioi?ue ia ciae e ia iia ciaoue , /oi i?eia?aoaao
eiouanoai o eeoea, eioi?ia ia eiaei i?aaa aai io/oaeaeaoue. I?acoiioeey
aeia?iniaanoiinoe i?aaeiieaaaao , /oi aeaaeaeaoe ia ciae , /oi
i?eia?aoaao aauue o eeoea, eioi?ia ia eiaei ia iaai i?aai. Iineaaenoaey
i?e aeia?iniaanoiii e iaaeia?iniaanoiii i?eia?aoaiee. O
iaaeia?iniaanoiiai anaaaea ecuiathony aaue, o aeia?iniaanoiiai – eae
i?aaeei aauue ia aeiaeeoee?oaony. Ii ec yoiai i?aaeea nouanoaotho
eneeth/aiey. Ec yoeo eneeth/aiee a naith i/a?aaeue anoue eneeth/aiey. A
eaeeo neo/ayo:

Anee aoaeao aeieacaii, /oi aauue auea iioeuaia o nianoaaiieea.

Auea ooa?yia nianoaaiieeii

Auauea eiui iooai iiieii aiee nianoaaiieea.

Iineaaenoaey – o aeia?iniaanoiiai aaue ecuiathony. A eaeeo neo/ayo
iaeuecy aeaaea yoe aaue aeiaeeoee?iaaoue – anee yoi aeaiueae e oeaiiua
aoiaae ia i?aaeuyaeoaey.

I?e aeiaiai?a n a?aiaeaoi?ii.

?an/aou i?e aica?aoa eiouanoaa ec iacaeiiiiai aeaaeaiey.

Aicieeaao i?iaeaia aica?aoia aeioiaeia, eioi?ua iia iieo/eoue iacaeiiiue
aeaaeaeaoe. Iniiaiua i?aaeea:

1) Anee iacaeiiiue aeaaeaeaoe iaycai aa?iooue eiouanoai, aicieeaao
aii?in i ?an/aoao. Anee eiouanoai aica?auaaony nianoaaiieeo, oi oio a
i?aaa iio?aaiaaoue io iacaeiiiiai aeaaeaeueoea oae aea aica?aoa eee
aiciauaiey anao aeioiaeia, eioi?ua iacaeiiiue aeaaeaeaoe ecaeae eee
aeieaeai aue ecaea/ue ca ana a?aiy aeaaeaiey. Yoi i?aaeei eanaaony
oieueei iaaeia?iniaanoiiai aeaaeaeueoea. Io aeia?iniaanoiiai
aeaaeaeueoea iiaeii o?aaiaaoue aica?aoa eee aiciauaiey anao aeioiaeia ,
eioi?ua aeaaeaeaoe ecaeae eee aeieaeai aue ecaea/ue ni a?aiaie , eiaaea
ii ociae eee aeieaeai aue ociaoue i iai?aaiia?iinoe aeaaeaiey eee
iieo/ee iiaanoeo ii eneo nianoaaiieea i aica?aoa eiouanoaa. Caeii
i?aaeoniao?eaaao aiciiaeiinoue oiai, /oi ii noaouea 303 AE – iacaeiiiue
aeaaeaeaoe, i?e/ai e aeia?iniaanoiue e ia aeia?iniaanoiue a i?aaa
iio?aaiaaoue io nianoaaiieea aiciauaiey i?iecaaaeaiiuo ei iaiaoiaeeiuo
cao?ao ia eiouanoai, n oiai a?aiaie , n eioi?iai nianoaaiieeo
i?e/eoathony aeioiaeu io eiouanoaa.

Aua iaeii i?aaeei, eanathuaainy aeia?iniaanoiiai aeaaeaeueoea e
oeo/oaiey aaue. Anee aeia?iniaanoiue i?eia?aoaoaeue i?iecaae oeo/oaiey
aaue- i?aai caa?aoue ioaeaeeiua oeo/oaiey. A ioiioaiee iaioaeaeeiuo
oeo/oaiee – aeia?iniaanoiue aeaaeaeaoe a i?aaa iio?aaiaaoue aiciauaiey
cao?ao , ii ia nauoa ?acia?a oaaee/aiey noieiinoe eiouanoaa. E?iia
aeiaeeeaoeeiiiiai nouanoaoao iaaaoi?iue ene – ene nianoaaiieea ia
ono?aiaiee ia?ooeoaey ?acee/iuo iiiao a inouanoaeaiee ei naiaai i?aaa ,
oioy au e ia naycaiiuo n eeoaieai aeaaeaiey aauueth.

Iiiyoea eiioeaioeey e aeaeu i?aa eioaeeaeooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe.

Ia eiatho iaoo?aeueiie oi?iu. Aaue iiaeaa?aeaiu eciino (aii?oecaoeee) e
a eiia/iii n/aoa en/aciiaaieth ec eiouanoaaiiiai iai?ioa. ?acoeueoao
eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe (oinoaaiiiai o?oaea)- au?aaeaiiue a
iauaeoeaiie oi?ia eae i?aaeei ia eaeii-eeai iaoa?eaeueiii iineoaea
i?iaeoeo yoie aeayoaeueiinoe, iacuaaaiue i?iecaaaeaieai iaoee,
eeoa?aoo?u, eneonnoaa, ecia?aoaiey , iieaciie iiaeaeueth, i?iiuoeaiiui
ia?acoeii e o.i. ?acoeueoaou eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe a ioee/ea
io aauae , eioi?ua eae i?aaeei yaeythony i?iaeoeoaie oece/aneiai o?oaea
eiatho eaeaaeueioth i?e?iaeo. I?iecaaaeaiey iaoee e oaoieee-
ii?aaeaeaiiua nenoaiu iao/iuo eaoaai?ee eee iiiyoee. I?iecaaaeaiey
eeoa?aoo?u e eneonnoaa- ii?aaeaeaiiua nenoaiu ia?acia. Iaoa?eaeueiue
iineoaeue- aoiaaa , eaiaiue, a?iica aeeneaoa, iaaieoiay eaioa.
Niaoeeaeueiia i?aai – eee aaoi?neia eee iaoaioiia. Eneeth/eoaeueiua
i?aaa. Iniaue einoeooo – eneeth/eoaeueiua i?aaa (eioaeeaeooaeueiay
nianoaaiiinoue). Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai i aauiuo i?aaao. I?aaa
eioaeeaeooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe. Iaaei eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi ie i eaeeo
aauiuo i?aaao caeanue ?a/ue ia eaeao. A neo/ayo e a ii?yaeea,
onoaiiaeaiiuo ianoiyuei eiaeaenii e ae?oaeie caeiiaie i?eciaaony
eneeth/eoaeueiia i?aai ( Eioaeeaeooaeueiay nianoaaiiinoue ) a?aaeaeaieia
eee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea, ia ?acoeueoaou eioaeeaeooaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe e i?e?aaiaiiua e iei n?aaenoaa eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea, eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee, auiieiyaiuo ?aaio
eee oneoa.Eniieueciaaiea ?acoeueoaoia eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe e
n?aaenoa eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee, eioi?ua yaeythony iauaeoii
eneeth/eoaeueiuo i?aa iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny 3 ie eeoeaie oieueei n
niaeaney i?aaiiaeaaeaoaey.

I?ii?eaoa?iua oa?ieiu – eeoa?aoo?iay nianoaaiiinoue…

1 ai?aey 1997 aiaea.

Aaoi?neea i?aaa. Ia?aie/aiea eiouanoaaiiuo i?aa – acyoue eaeoeee !!!
Caeii aeiioneaao naiaiaeiia eniieueciaaiea i?iecaaaeaiee, io?aiyaiuo
aaoi?neei i?aaii a i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiii neo/ayo. Caeii ia aaoi?neii
i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao. Neaaeoao auaeaeeoue 2 aeaea naiaiaeiiai
eniieueciaaiey:

Aac niaeaney aaoi?a eee eiiai i?aaiiaeaaeaoaey, e aac auieaou
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey.

Aac niaeaney aaoi?a eee eiiai i?aaiiaeaaeaoaey, n auieaoie
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey.

A?aieoeu aaoi?neeo eneeth/eoaeueiuo i?aa, a oeaeyo ?acaeoey eoeueoo?u,
ia?aciaaiey ianaeaiey a oeaeii. A?aieoeu eneeth/eoaeueiuo i?aa ,
onoaiiaeaiu ia oieueei iaoei iaoeeiiaeueiui caeiiii, ii e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuie eiiaaioeeyie. ?a/ue eaeao ia iaia?iaeiaaiiuo
i?iecaaaeaieyo. I?aai aaoi?a ?aoeoue aii?in ia iaia?iaeiaaiee, naeaeaoue
i?iecaaaeaiea aeinooiiui aeey ioaeeee. Aai oi?iu :

iioaeeeiaaiea.

ioaee/iia eniieiaiea.

ioaee/iue iieac.

I?aai aaoi?a ia iocua i?iecaaaeaiey. Yoi i/aiue aaaeiia ee/iia
iaeiouanoaaiiia i?aai.

Aini?iecaaaeaiea i?aaiia?ii iaia?iaeiaaiiiai eneeth/eoaeueii a ee/iuo
oeaeyo. Ii noaouey 18 caeiia i?eaiaeeo eneeth/aiea – aini?iecaaaeaiea
a?oeoaeoo?iuo nii?oaeaiee, aac aeaiiuo e i?ia?aii aeey YAI (oieueei a
neo/ayo , i?aaeoniio?aiiuo noaoueae 25 caeiia). Iaeuecy
?ai?iaeooee?iaaoue iieiinoueth eieae.

Aeiioneaaony aac niaeaney aaoi?a e aac auieaou aaoi?neiai
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey , ii n iaycaoaeueiui oeacaieai eiaie aaoi?a,
i?iecaaaeaiea eioi?iai eniieuecoaony e enoi/ieea caeinoaiaaiey.
Oeeoe?iaaiea a iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo e ae?oaeo iao/iuo oeaeae ec
i?aaiia?ii iaia?iaeiaaiiiai i?iecaaaeaiey, a iauaia, ii?aaaeaiiii
oeaeueth oeeoe?iaaiey. Ia oao aea oneiaeyo aeiioneaaony eniieueciaaiea
i?aaiia?ii iaia?iaeiaaiiiai i?iecaaaeaiey a ea/anoaa eeethno?aoeee a
ecaeaieyo o/aaiiai oa?aeoa?a (o?anoiiaoee e o.i.), aini?iecaaaeaiea a
aacaoao noaoae ii oaeouei yeiiiie/aneei , iieeo , nioeeaeueiui e
?aeeaeiciui aii?inai, aini?iecaaaeaiea a aacaoao ioaee/ii i?iecianaiiuo
iieeoe/aneeo ?a/ae, aeieeaaeia e o.i. e ae?oaea iniiaaiey – noaouey 19
caeiia.

Noaouey 20. Eniieueciaaiea i?iecaaaeaiee, iooai eo ?ai?iaeooee?iaaiey,
aini?iecaiaenoaa. ?ai?ia?aoe/aneia aini?iecaaaeaiea- yoi oaeneieeueiia
aini?iecaaaeaiea, iooai oioieiie?iaaiey e ae?oaeo n?aaenoa, ia aeeth/aao
o?aiaiea e aini?iecaaaeaiea a yeaeo?iiiie oi?ia . Aeaeeioaeaie e
a?oeaaie a aaeeie/iii yecaiiey?a i?aaiia?ii iaia?iaeiaaiiuo
i?iecaaaeaiee aeey ainnoaiiaeaiey ooa?yiiuo eee enii?/aiiuo yecaiiey?ia.
A ia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeaeae. Naiaiaeiia eniieueciaaiea i?iecaaaeaiee a
ianoao ioe?uouo aeey naiaiaeiiai iinauaiey. Iiaeii oioia?aoe?iaaoue. Ca
eneeth/aieai neo/aaa, eiaaea ecia?aaeaiea i?iecaaaeaiey eniieuecoaony
aeey eiiia?/aneeo oeaeae. Naiaiaeiia ioaee/iia eniieiaiea iocueaeueiuo
i?iecaaaeaiee, ai a?aiy ioeoeeaeueiuo e ?aeeaeiciuo oea?aiiiee eee
iioi?ii.

Noaouey 22 ia?aie/eaaao eniieueciaaiea i?iecaaaeaiee iauaiii,
ii?aaaeuaathueo oa?aeoa? oea?aiiiee. Naiaiaeii iiaeii aini?iecaiaeeoue
i?iecaaaeaiey aeey noaeaaiuo oeaeae – noaouey 23.Noaouey 26 caeiia –
aoaeei aecoaeueiua i?iecaaaeaiey. Noaouey 27 . Aaoi?neia i?aai
aeaenoaoao a oa/aiea anae aeecie aaoi?a e a oa/aiea 50 eao iinea nia?oe
aaoi?a.

8 ai?aey 1997 aiaea.

Io?aia i?ia?aii aeey YAI e Aac aeaiiuo.

I?eciathony eae eeoa?aoo?iua i?iecaaaeaiey.

Caeii i i?aaiaie io?aia i?ia?aii aeey YAI e Aac Aeaiiuo io 23 naioya?y
92 aiaea – a iai i?aaeoniio?aia ?aaeno?aoeey i?ia?aii. ?inneeneia
aaaionoai ii io?aia i?ia?aii aeey YAI, aac aeaiiuo e oiiieiaee
eioaa?aeueiuo iee?inoai – yoi aaaionoai i?e ?in Iaoaioa – no.13 – oio
eoi eiaao i?aai ia i?ia?aiio, eiaaony i?aai ca?aaeno?e?iaaoue i?ia?aiio
. Cayaea iiaeaaony a aeaea cayaeaiey ia ?aaeno?aoeeth, n oeacaieai anao
aeaiiuo i i?ia?aiia + i?eeaaathony aeaiiie?iaaiiua iaoa?eaeu (aeeth/ay
?aoa?ao), aeieoiaio i ?aaeno?aoeeiiiii nai?a.

Niaaeiua i?aaa.

Iiiyoea e ooieoeee niaaeiuo i?aa, enoi/ieee.

A iauaeoeaiii niunea niaaeiua i?aaa i?aaenoaaeytho niaie niaieoiiinoue
ii?i a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa, ?aaoee?othueo ioiioaiey 1) ii io?aia
eniieiaiee, iinoaiiaie, oiiia?aii, ia?aaea/ i?aaiecaoeee yoe?iiai e
eaaaeueiiai aauaiey, 2) onoaiiaeaieth ?aaeeia eo eniieueciaaiey, 3)
iaaeaeaieth eniieieoaeae, i?iecaiaeeoaeae oiiia?aii e aauaoaeueiuo
i?aaiecaoeee ee/iuie ia eiouanoaaiiuie e eiouanoaaiiuie i?aaaie e 4)
caueoa yoeo i?aa.

No. 35 ii 43 iinayuaiu niaaeiui i?aaai.

Oaeaea eiathony iiaecaeiiiua aeou e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua eiiaaioeee:

iinoaiiaeaiea I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O io 17 iay 96 aiaea ? 614 “I noaaeao
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ca iaeioi?ua aeaeu eniieueciaaiey eniieiaiey
(iinoaiiaee)

io 29 ieoya?y 71 aiaea “Ia io?aia eioa?ania i?iecaiaeeoaeae oiiia?aii io
iacaeiiiiai aini?iecaiaenoaa eo oiiia?aii”. Anooieei a neeo aeey ?innee
n 13ia?oa 95 aiaea.

?eineay Eiiaaioeey 65 aiaea “Ia io?aia i?aa a?oenoia eniieieoaeae,
ecaioiaeoaeae oiiia?aii e aauaoaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee”

Iauaeou niaaeiuo i?aa.

Iauaeoaie niaaeiuo i?aa yaeythony oiiia?aiiu, eniieiaiey, iinoaiiaee,
ia?aaea/e i?aaiecaoeee yoe?iiai e eaaaeueiiai aauaiey.

No. 4 caeiia “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aa”

Oiiia?aiia – yoi ethaay, ii eneeth/eoaeueii caoeiaay caienue eniieiaiee
eee eiuo caoeia, ianai, iocuee, aieinia ethaeae, ioeoe eee aeeaioiuo,
i?e?iaeiuo oi?ioia, ooiia, ne?eiia: aea?aaueaa, o?aa, aao?a, ii?neiai
i?eaiy, iaoei…

Eniieiaiea – yoi i?aaenoaaeaiea i?iecaaaeaiee, oiiia?aii, a oaeaea
ae?oaeo eniieiaiee iin?aaenoaii ea?u, aeaeeaiaoeee, iaiey, oaioea, a
eiioaeoa n aoaeeoi?eae “aeeaueai” eee n iiiiuueth oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoo
(oaea?aaeeiaauaiey, eaaaeueiiai oaeaaeaeaiuey e o.i.).

Niaaeiua i?aaa eniieieoaeae ia/eiatho aeaenoaiaaoue oieueei, anee
“aeeaia eniieiaiea” caienuaaaony eeai ia?aaeaaony ii eaiaeai yoe?iiai e
eaaaeueiiai aauaiey”.

Niaea?aeaiea niaaeiuo i?aa. Ia?aie/aiea e n?ie aeaenoaey niaaeiuo i?aa.

Noauaeou niaaeiuo i?aa.

eniieieoaee – yoi aeoa?u, oaioei?u, iocueaiou, oee?eiaua a?oenou…

i?iecaiaeeoaee oiiia?aii –

i?aaiecaoeee yoe?iiai e eaaaeueiiai aauaiey.

eeoea, i?aaiecothuea caoeicaienue ia ethaii iaoa?eaeueiii iineoaea.
Caienue – oeenaoeee caoeia n iiiiuueth oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa a eaeie-eeai
iaoa?eaeueiie oi?ia. (iai?eia? a oi?ia eannaou, CD), iicaieythuea
iaiaeiie?aoiia aini?eyoea, aini?iecaaaeaiea eee niiauaiea aeaiiuo
caoeia.

i?iecaiaeeoaeai oiiia?aiiu iiaeao auoue eae th?eaee/aneia, oae e
oece/aneia eeoei, acyaoaa ia naay eieoeeaoeao e ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca
ia?aoth caoeiaoth caienue eniieiaiey eee caoeia. I?e ionoonoaee
aeieacaoaeuenoa eiiai – i?iecaiaeeoaeai oiiia?aiiu i?eciaaony eeoei, eiy
eee iaeiaiiaaiea eioi?iai iaicia/aii ia oiiia?aiia e (eee)niaea?aeauai a
aa oooey?a. Iiae i?aaiecaoeeae yoe?iiai e eaaaeueiiai aauaiey iiieiaaony
?aaeeinoaioeee, oaeaeiiiaiee, ainoaea?noaaiiua e /anoiua eiiiaiee,
aaaeouea o?aineyoeeth ii eaiaeai eaaaeueiiai aauaiey, eae i?aaeei ca yoi
aceiaaony ieaoa.

Niaaeiua i?aaa ia ioaeaeathony a ?aaeno?aoeee, aaeeinoai /oi iaiaoiaeeii
i?inoaiiaee ciaea aaoi?neiai i?aaa ® (iaeiaiiaaiea iaeaaeaoaey eee eiy
iaeaaeaoaey eneeth/eoaeueiuo i?aa e aiae ia?aiai ecaeaiey.)

Noaouey 37 – oi?ia eniieueciaaiey – niaea?aeaiea eneeth/eoaeueiuo
niaaeiuo i?aa eniieieoaeae ia?acotho neaaeothuea i?aaa:

Eniieieoaeue a i?aaa ia?aaeaaaoue a yoe? eee ii eaaaeth eniieiaiea eee
iinoaiiaeo.

Aeaeaoue aoaeei-aeaeai caiene.

Naeaaaoue a i?ieao e o.ae.

Noaouey 37, ioieo 4 – ?ac?aoaiea ioi?ieyaony iooai caeeth/aiey
ienueiaiiiai aeiaiai?a. Aiaeiae/ii ?aaeaiaioe?othony i?aaa
i?iecaiaeeoaey.

Ia?aie/aiey e n?ie aeaenoaey niaaeiuo i?aa.

Iiaeiaii eneeth/eoaeueiui aaoi?neei i?aaai nouanoaotho ia?aie/aiey
niaaeiuo aaoi?neeo i?aa.

Ia?aie/aiey , i?aaeaeu niaaeiuo i?aa.

Noaouey 39, i?i oiiia?aiiu. Oiiia?aiiu iiaoo auoue iioaeeeiaaiu e iioii
eniieueciaaiu aac niaeaney aaoi?a , ii n auieaoie aiciaa?aaeaeaiey. I?e
ioaee/iii eniieiaiee oiiia?aiiu i?e ia?aaea/a a yoe? eee ii eaaaeth. Eae
i?ieiio?iee?iaaoue ioaee/iia eniieiaiea oiiia?aii – caeanue aiaeiaey n
aaoi?neei i?aaii. Aiciaa?aaeaeaiea caeeaaeuaaaony (ii noaouea 39) a
noieiinoue … Nouanoaoao niaoeeaeueiue ii?yaeie. Noaouey 42 –
i?aaiecaoeey eaaaeueiiai aauaiey. Aac niaeaney e aac auieaou
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey naiaiaeii eniieuecothony iauaeou niaaeiuo i?aa – anee
io?uaee eo auee eniieueciaaiu aeey eioi?ie?iaaiey i oaeoueo niauoeyo.
Iai?eia? a iiainoyo eniieueciaaiu io?uaee ec iinoaiiaee. Oae aea a
oeaeyo iao/aiey eee iao/iiai enneaaeiaaiey. Aeiioneaaony eniieueciaaiea
a ee/iuo oeaeyo iauaeoia niaaeiuo i?aa. Niaaeiua i?aaa eiatho n?ie.
I?aaa i?iecaiaeeoaey oiiia?aiiu 50 eao iinea 1 iioaeeeiaaiey
(eniieiaiey) oiiia?aiiu. I?aaa ia ia?aaea/e aeaenoaotho a oa/aiee 50
eao.

Caueoa aaoi?neeo e niaaeiuo i?aa.

Caueoa inouanoaeyaony io ia?ooaiee a oi?ia a?aaeaeaineie ,
aaeieieno?aoeaiie e oaieiaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoyo. A?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue au?aaeaaony a aeaea :

I?eciaiey i?aa iaeaaeaoaeae i?aa

I?ae?auaiey ia?ooaiey

Aiciauaiea oauoeia

I?aai iio?aaiaaoue aiciauaiea a aeaea ieieiaeueiuo ca?aaioiuo ieao. I?IO
-( ieieiaeueiuo ?acia?ia iieaou o?oaea).

Oaieiaiay – noaouey 146 OE ?O

Aaeieieno?aoeaiay – noaouey 1504 EIAI ?NON?.

A?aaeaeaineay :

I?eciaiea i?aaa

Ia?aiia/aeueiia iieiaeaiea

Oauoee

Acuneaiiua aeioiaeu

10-50000 I?IO (aei 700000 $)

Eiua

3-5 i?eiaiythony oieueei ii ioaeaeueiinoe.

Eiioeneaoeey eiio?ioaeoiuo yecaiiey?ia. Noaouey EIAI 150-4 aianaii
eciaiaiea io 19 ethiy 95 aiaea – ia?ooaiea niaaeiuo aaoi?neeo i?aa.

15 ai?aey 1997 aiaea

Iaoaioiia i?aai ia ecia?aoaiey , iieaciua iiaeaee e i?iiuoeaiiua
ia?acoeu. Iiiyoea ooieoeee e enoi/ieee iaoaioiiai i?aaa (i?aaa
i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe). Yoi niaieoiiinoue a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo
ii?i, ?aaoee?othueo :

I?eciaiea aaoi?noaa e io?aio ecia?aoaiee , ecaeaeee e i?iiuoeaiiuo
ia?acoeia.

Onoaiiaeaiea ?aaeeia eo eniieueciaaiey .

Iaaeaeaiea noauaeoia ee/iuie e eiouanoaaiiuie i?aaaie.

Caueoo yoeo i?aa.

Iaoaioiia i?aai – yoi e einoeooo i?aaa eioaeeaeooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe,
i?aaa i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe. Ni. Noaoueth Caiei E.A.
«Ecia?aoaoaeueneia i?aai- i?e?iaea, ooieoeee , ?acaeoea» // Niaaoneia
ainoaea?noai e i?aai 1980 aiae ?2.

Iaoaioiia i?aai auiieiyao 4 oieueei i?enouea aio ooieoeee (eiiaiaioiua)
– niio?e ii?aaeaeaiea.

Iaoaioiia i?aai caieiaaony oieueei onoaiiaeaieai eoi a i?aaa
eniieueciaaoue e eoi ia eiaao i?aai eniieueciaaoue iauaeou.

Enoi/ieee iaoaioiiai i?aaa:

Iaoeeiiaeueiua.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua.

Iaoaioiue caeii ?O io 23 naioya?y 1992 aiaea, Iinoaiiaeaiea
i?aaeoaeuenoaa «Iieiaeaiea i iaoaioiuo iioeeiao» io 12 aaaonoa 1996
aiaea. ?A io 31.08.96 e aaaeiinoaaiiua i?aaiaua aeou (aeou iaoaioiiai
aaaeiinoaa ?O- ?inneeneiai aaaionoaa ii iaoaioai e oiaa?iui ciaeai). ?in
iaoaio ecaeaao i?eeacu, i?aaeea, ?acuyniaiey. Ni. AIA. I?eeac ?in
iaoaioa io 11 aeaeaa?y 1996 aiaea ?8 «I iaoaioiuo iioeeiao»
ca?aaeno?e?iaai 30 yiaa?y 1997 aiaea.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeou – «Ia?eaeneay eiiaaioeey ia io?aia i?iiuoeaiiie
nianoaaiiinoe» 1883 aiaea. Iiiaie?aoii ia?aniio?aia . N 1 ethey 1965
aiaea – aioae NNN? a eiiaaioeeth. ?inney yaeyaony /eaiii ia?eaeneie
eiiaaioeee. Oi, /oi anoue a eiiaaioeee – ia?a/eneaii a iaoaioiii caeiia
(eiieaiaioaoeey a ?inneeneia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai). Aeiaiai? i iaoaioiie
eiiia?aoeee eee PCT (Patent Corporation Treaty ) 1970 aiae – Aaoeiaoii –
niaeaoaiea, iaeaa/athuaa iaoaioiaaiea iauaeoa i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe
a ae?oaeo no?aiao. Ithioaineay eiiaaioeey 1973 aiaea i auaea/a
aa?iiaeneiai iaoaioa. 1975 aiae – Ethenaiao?aneay eiiaaioeey.
Aa?aceeneay iaoaioiay eiiaaioeey. Aa?aceeneia iaoaioiia aaaeiinoai
iaoiaeeony a Iineaa.

Oneiaey iaoaioiniiniaiinoe ecia?aoaiee , iieaciuo iiaeaeae e
i?iiuoeaiiuo ia?acoeia. Eiuie neiaaie ?a/ue eaeao ia iauaeoao iaoaioiiai
i?aaa e e?eoa?ee io?aii niiniaiinoe yoeo ioiioaiee. Iaoaioiay io?aia –
o?aaoao niaoeeaeueiiai aeieoiaioa. Iaoaioiniiniaiinoue – niiniaiinoue
iiaoanoaa auoue i?eciaiiui ecia?aoaieai, iieaciie iiaeaeueth eee
i?iiuoeaiiui ia?acoeii a th?eaee/aneii niunea. Iaeiiai eeoue
noauaeoeaiiai iiaiey i nicaeaiee ecia?aoaiey e o.i. iaaeinoaoi/ii aeey
aicieeiiaaiey eneeth/eoaeueiuo iaoaioiuo i?aa. Iaaei iieo/eoue iaoaio a
onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea. Iioiio /oi aaoi?neia i?aai ia a ninoiyiee
iaania/eoue io?aio yoeo iiaoanoa, iioiio /oi ecia?aoaiey e o.i. yoi
oaeea aeinoeaeaiey oia , eioi?ua a i?eioeeia iiaoi?ei o.a. iiaoo auoue
nicaeaiu iacaaeneii ae?oa io ae?oaa ?aciuie eeoeaie. Yoi ioaao
eiaeaia?ia, aeecaeia?ia ia eiie?aoiua iio?aaiinoe a i?aeoeea.
Iio?aaiaaeanue niaoeeaeueiay io?aia – aeanoeay oi?iaeecaoeey
aeinoeaeaiee – aaaaeaiea nenoaiu cayaie, yenia?oecu e auaea/e io?aiiuo
aeieoiaioia a oi?ia iaoaioia. Oneiaey iaoaioiniiniaiinoe ecia?aoaiey
(ii noa?iio – i?eciaee ecia?aoaiey): No. 4 iaoaioiiai caeiia

Ecia?aoaieth i?aaeinoaaeyaony i?aaiaay io?aia, anee iii:

ssaeyaony iiaui . Iiaecia a aeaenoaothuai iaoaioiii caeiia – ii noaouea
4 – neacaii, /oi ecia?aoaiea yaeyaony iiaui , anee iii ia ecaanoii ec
o?iaiy oaoieee. O?iaaiue oaoieee aeeth/aao ethaua naaaeaiey , noaaoea
iauaaeinooiiuie a ie?a aei aeaou i?ei?eoaoa ecia?aoaiey. Yoi iauaeoeaiay
iiaecia. I?e onoaiiaeaiee iiaeciu ecia?aoaiey a o?iaaiue oaoieee
aeeth/athony i?e oneiaee eo aieaa ?aiiaai i?ei?eoaoa ana iiaeaiiua a ?O
ae?oaeie eeoeaie cayaee ia ecia?aoaiey e iieaciua iiaeaee, a oae aea
caiaoaioiaaiiua a ?O ecia?aoaiey e iieaciua iiaeaee. Yenia?oeca aeieaeia
onoaiiaeoue aoiaeeo ee cayaeaiiia iiaoanoai a o?iaaiue oaoieee, aeieaeia
i?iaa?eoue ana oi , /oi anoue a oaoie/aneeo iaeanoyo. Ana , /oi aoiaeeo
a o?iaaiue oaoieee aei iiaea/e cayaee ii?i/eo iiaecio ecia?aoaiey . A ?O
aeaenoaoao ie?iaay iiaecia ecia?aoaiey. Eiaaea yenia?oeca i?iaa?yao – oi
ia ecaanoiua a ie?a – a iauaaeinooiiua ecia?aoaiey. Iiiyoea i?ei?eoaoa
ecia?aoaiey – noaouey 19 iaoaioiiai caeiia , ioieo 1. I?ei?eoao
ecia?aoaiey. onoaiaaeeaaaony ii aeaoa iinooieaiey a iaoaioiia aaaeiinoai
cayaee, niaea?aeauae cayaeaiea i auaea/a iaoaioa, niaea?aeauae:

Cayaeaiea i auaea/a iaoaioa

Iienaiea

Oi?ioeo

*a?oaaee , anee a iienaiee ia ieo eiaaony nnueea.

I?ei?eoao – yoi oio aiaei?acaeae eioi?ue ?acaeaeyao iiaia e ia iiaia.
Iaiaoiaeeiinoue a iaoaioiie io?aia auea iniciaia ia n?aco. Ia?eaeneay
eiiaaioeey onoaiaaeeaaao ii?yaeie i?ei?eoaoa aeey eiino?aiiuo cayaie.
I?ei?eoao iiaeao auoue onoaiiaeai ii aea/a ia?aie cayaea a ainoaea?noaa
– o/anoieea ia?eaeneie eiiaaioeee ii io?aia i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe
(eiiaaioeeiiiue i?ei?eoao), anee cayaea ia ecia?aoaiea , iieacioth
iiaeaeue iinooieea a iaoaioiia aaaeiinoai a oa/aiea 12 ianyoeaa, a
cayaea ia i?iiuoeaiiue ia?acaoe – a oa/aiea 6 ianyoeaa n oeacaiiie
aeaou. Anee ii iacaaenyuei io cayaeoaey ianoiyoaeuenoaai cayaea n
eni?aoeaaieai eiiaaioeeiiiiai i?ei?eoaoa ia iiaea auoue iiaeaia a
oeacaiiue n?ie, yoio n?ie iiaeao auoue i?iaeeai , ii ia aieaa /ai ia 2
ianyoea.

Cayaeoaeue , aeaeathuee ainiieueciaaoueny i?aaii eiiaaioeeiiiiai
i?ei?eoaoa iaycai:

Oeacaoue ia yoi i?e iiaea/a cayaee eee a oa/aiea 2 ianyoeaa n aeaou
iinooieaiey cayaee.

I?eeiaeeoue eiieth ia?aie cayaee.

Anoue eueaioa ii iiaecia – ia i?eciaaony ianoiyoaeuenoaii ,
i?aiyonoaothuei i?eciaieth iaoaioiniiniaiinoe ecia?aoaiey oaeia
?ane?uoea eioi?iaoeee ioiinyuaeny e ecia?aoaieth aaoi?ii, cayaeoaeai
eee ethaui eeoeii, iieo/eaoei io ieo i?yii eee einaaiii yoo eioi?iaoeeth
i?e eioi?ii naaaeaiey i nouiinoe ecia?aoaiey noaee iauaaeinooiiuie, anee
cayaea ia ecia?aoaiea iiaeaia a iaoaioiia aaaeiinoai ia iicaeiaa 6
ianyoeaa n aeaou ?ane?uoey eioi?iaoeee. I?e yoii iaycaiiinoue
aeieacuaaiey aeaiiiai oaeoa eaaeeo ia cayaeoaea.

Eiaao ecia?aoaoaeueneee o?iaaiue. Ecia?aoaiea eiaao ecia?aoaoaeueneee
o?iaaiue , anee iii aeey niaoeeaeenoa yaiui ia?acii ia neaaeoao ec
o?iaiy oaoieee. Yoi o?aaiaaiea eiaioaony ii ?aciiio . Iai?eia? ia
i/aaeaeiinoue ecia?aoaiey , o?iaaiue ecia?aoaiey.

I?iiuoeaiii i?eiaieii. Noaouey 4 . Ecia?aoaiea yaeyaony i?iiuoeaiii
i?eiaieiui anee iii iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaii a i?iiuoeaiiinoe , a
naeueneii oicyenoaa, a cae?aaiio?aiaiee e ae?oaeo io?aneyo
aeayoaeueiinoe.

Iauaeou ecia?aoaiey – ono?ienoaa, eiino?oeoeee, oaoiieiaee, aauanoai,
iaoa?eae, ooaii iee?ii?aaiecia, eoeueoo?u eeaoie ?anoaiee e aeeaioiuo,
i?eiaiaiea iaeiiai ec 5 ?aiaa ecaanoiiai iauaeoa ii iiaiio iacia/aieth
(ecia?aoaiey ia i?eiaiaiea). Oneiaey iaoaioiniiniaiinoe iieaciie
iiaeaee.

Noaouey 5 , ioieo 1 – e iieaciui iiaeaeyi ioiinyony – eiino?oeoeaiia
auiieiaiea n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa e i?aaeiaoia iio?aaeaiey, a oae aea eo
ninoaaiuo /anoae. Iieaciui iiaeaeyi i?aaeinoaaeyaony i?aaiaay io?aia,
anee iie yaeythony iiauie e i?iiuoeaiii i?eiaieiuie. Iieaciay iiaeaeue
yaeyaony iiaie , anee niaieoiiinoue aa nouanoaaiiuo i?eciaeia ia
ecaanoia ec o?iaiy oaoieee. Iieaciay iiaeaeue yoi «iaeia ecia?aoaiea».
Iii auoa ?aoeeiiaeueiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey ii ieaea ecia?aoaiey – ia
o?aaoaony ecia?aoaoaeueneiai o?iaiy. Eniieueciaaiea i?iiuoeaiiiai
ia?acoea – noaouey 6. E i?iiuoeaiiui ia?acoeai ioiinyony –
ooaeiaeanoaaiii- eiino?oeoi?neia ?aoaiea ecaeaeey , ii?aaeaeythuaa aai
aiaoiee aeae.

DATE 21.05.98

Iaoaioiia i?aai ia i?iiuoeaiiua iiaeaee e ia?acoeu. Oneiaey
iaoaioiniiniaiinoe iaoaioiiai ia?acoea:

Ooaeiaeanoaaiii-eiino?oeoi?neia ?aoaiea ecaeaeey, ii?aaeaeythuaa aai
aiaoiee aeae. Noaouey 6 iaoaioiiai caeiia i?aaeuyaeyao e i?iiuoeaiiiio
ia?acoeo ?yae o?aaiaaiee e oneiaee:

I?iiuoeaiiiio ia?acoeo i?aaeinoaaeyaony i?aaiaay io?aia, anee ii
yaeyaony Iiaui, i?eaeiaeueiui e i?iiuoeaiii i?eiaieiui.

Iiaecia – i?iiuoeaiiue ia?acaoe i?eciaaony iiaui, anee niaieoiiinoue aai
nouanoaaiiuo i?eciaeia , ii?aaeaeythueo ynoaoe/aneea e (eee)
y?aiiiie/aneea iniaaiiinoe ecaeaeey, ia ecaanoiu ec naaaeaiee , noaaoeo
iauaaeinooiiuie a ie?a aei aeaou i?ei?eoaoa i?iiuoeaiiiai ia?acoea. A
caeiia iauyniyaony – i?e onoaiiaeaiee iiaeciu ia?acoea o/eouaathony ana
?aiaa iiaeaiiua a ?innee ae?oaeie eeoeaie cayaee ia i?iiuoeaiiua
ia?acoeu a oae aea caiaoaioiaaiiua a ?innee i?iiuoeaiiua ia?acoeu.
Ooaeiaeanoaaiii-eiino?oeoi?neia ?aoaiea. Aeecaeia? aeieaeai ia i?inoi
i?eaeaoue ecaeaeeth ooaeiaeanoaaiiue aeae, eioi?ue naycai n aai
i?eiaiaieai. Y?aiiiieea – yoi oaeianoai iieueciaaiey.

I?eaeiaeueiinoue – i?iiuoeaiiue ia?acaoe ii caeiio i?eciaaony
i?eaeiaeueiui, anee aai nouanoaaiiua i?eciaee iaoneaaeeaatho oai?/aneee
oa?aeoa? ynoaoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae ecaeaeey.

I?iiuoeaiiay i?eiaieiinoue – anee ia?acaoe iiaeao auoue iiiaie?aoii
aini?iecaaaeai iooai ecaioiaeaiey niioaaonoaothuaai ecaeaeey – ia ?o/iui
niiniaii, a na?eeii.

Eueaioa ii iiaecia – 6 ianyoeaa n aeaou ?ane?uoey eioi?iaoeee. Noaouey 6
aiai?eo, oi , /oi ia i?eciaaony i?iiuoeaiiui ia?acoeii. A?oooaeoo?iua
i?iecaaaeaiey, e?iia iaeuo eiino?oeoeee (iaaeeueii/eeia).

Noauaeou iaoaioiiai i?aaa.

Aaoi?u aeinoeaeaiee (niaaoi?u) – yoi nicaeaoaee iauaeoa i?iiuoeaiiie
nianoaaiiinoe, oieueei oece/aneea eeoea (noaouey 7), Niaaoi?u – eeoea ,
aianoea oai?/aneee aeeaae (ni. e?eoa?ee aeeaaea ). Ee/iia i?aai aaoi?a
yaeyaony iaio/oaeaeaaiui e io?aiyaony aann?i/ii.

Iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaee. Aeaeu: aaoi?(u) iauaeoa, oece/aneia , th?eaee/aneia
eeoei, iie oeacaiu aaoi?ii eee aai i?aaii?aaiieeii a cayaea ia auaea/o
iaoaioa, eeai a cayaeaiee, iiaeaiiii a iaoaioiia aaaeiinoai, aei iiiaioa
?aaeno?aoeee iaoaioa; ?aaioiaeaoaeue aaoi?a (?aaioiaeaoaeue iieo/aao
i?aai ia iieo/aiea iaoaioa, anee iauaeo nicaeai ?aaioieeii a nayce n
auiieiaieai ei naieo neoaeaaiuo iaycaiiinoae eee iieo/aiiiai io
?aaioiaeaoaey eiie?aoiiai caaeaiey. I?e yoii aaoi? iieo/aao i?aai ia
aiciaa?aaeaeaiea. Noaouey 8 (i2) Iaoaioiiai caeiia, OC «I neoaeaaiuo
ecia?aoaieyo, iieaciuo iiaeaeyo e i?iiuoeaiiuo ia?acoeao ».

Oaaea?aeueiue oiiae ecia?aoaiee ?innee. Ii inouanoaeyao ioai? iauaeoia
i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe, i?eia?aoaao ia ieo i?aaa iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey

Ana ae?oaea eeoea, eioi?ua ii caeiio eee aeiaiai?o i?eia?aoatho ana eee
/anoue eneeth/eoaeueiuo iaoaioiuo i?aa. Ethaua ae?oaea eeoea, eioi?ua
i?eia?aee ii caeiio eee ia aeiaiai?iie iniiaa. Ianeaaeieee aaoi?a
iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey. Oa, eoi eoiee iaoaio eee eoiee eeoeaiceth.

I?aaa e iaycaiiinoe iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey. Iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaeth
i?eiaaeeaaeeo eneeth/eoaeueiia i?aai ia eniieueciaaiea io?aiyaiiai
iauaeoa i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe ii naiaio oniio?aieth, anee yoi ia
ia?ooaao i?aa ae?oaeo iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaeae. Noaouey 9 AE e noaouey 10
«Iaoaioiiai caeiia».

I?aai cai?aoeoue eniieueciaaiea iauaeoa ae?oaei eeoeai. Aaniethoiia
i?aai.

I?aai ?ac?aoeoue eniieueciaaoue iauaeo – i?aai i?iaeaoue
eneeth/eoaeueiia i?aai.

Iiiyoea ia?ooaiey eneeth/eoaeueiiai i?aaa iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey. (i. 2-3
no.10)

Ia?ooaieai eneeth/eoaeueiiai i?aaa iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey i?eciaaony
ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiia ecaioiaeaiea, i?eiaiaiea , aaic , i?aaeeiaeaiea e
i?iaeaaea, i?iaeaaeaiue iai , eiia aaaaeaiea a oicyenoaaiiue iai?io eee
eiia o?aiaiea n yoie oeaeueth i?iaeoeoa, caiaoaioiaaiiiai, a oae aea
i?eiaiaiea niiniaa io?aiyaiiai iaoaioii ia ecia?aoaiea eee aaaaeaiea a
oicyenoaaiiue iai?io eeai o?aiaiea n yoie oeaeueth i?iaeoeoa ,
ecaioiaeaiiiai iaiin?aaenoaaiii niiniaii io?aiyaiui iaoaioii ia
ecia?aoaiea. I?e yoii iiaue i?iaeoeo n/eoaaony iieo/aiiui
caiaoaioiaaiiui niiniaii i?e ionoonoaee aeieacaoaeuenoa i?ioeaiiai.

Noaouey 10 iaoaioiiai caeiia aeaao o?aeoiaeo ia?ooaiey iaoaioiiai i?aaa.
I?iaeoeo ( ecaeaeea i?eciaaony ) ecaioiaeaiiui n eniieueciaaieai
caiaoaioiaaiiiai ecia?aoaiey , iieaciie iiaeaee, a niinia , io?aiyaiue
iaoaioii ia ecia?aoaiea – i?eiaiaiiui , anee a iai eniieueciaai eaaeaeue
i?eciae ecia?aoaiey, iieaciie iiaeaee aeeth/aiiue a iacaaeneiue ioieo
oi?ioeu , eee yeaeaaeaioiue aio i?eciae . Ecaeaeea i?eciaaony
ecaioiaeaiiui n eniieueciaaieai caiaoaioiaaiiiai i?iiuoeaiiiai ia?acoea,
anee iii niaea?aeeo ana aai nouanoaaiiua i?eciaee.

Oi?ioea ecia?aoaiey yoi e?aoeia oi?iaeueii – eiae/aneia ii?aaeaeaiea
nouiinoe ecia?aoaiey . A oi?ioea ecia?aoaiey iienuaathony ecaanoiua
i?eciaee iaeiai oaoie/aneiai iauaeoa (i?ioioei), ia?aie/eoaeueiay /anoue
oi?ioeu ecia?aoaiey e ioee/eoaeueiua (iiaua i?eciaee – ioee/eoaeueiay
/anoue oi?ioeu). Oi?ioeu auaatho iaeiicaaiiuie, aeaoo eee iiiaicaaiiuie.
Anee a oi?ioea ecia?aoaiey 2 eee aieaa caaia, oi eaaeaeia iineaaeothuaa
caaii (ioieo oi?ioeu) aace?oaony ia i?aaeuaeouai , a a eiia/iii n/aoa
ana iie aace?othony ia ia?aii ioieoa iiiaicaaiiie oi?ioeu. I?eia?
oi?ioeu ecia?aoaiey.

Ecia?aoaiea (ono?ienoai aeey eiaa ?aeia) .

Ia?aie/eoaeueiay /anoue oi?ioeu, i?ioioei ecia?aoaiey, ecaanoiua oeiu
ecia?aoaiey :

Ono?ienoai aeey eiaa ?aeia, auiieiaiiia a aeaea ioe?uoie naa?oo nao/aoie
aieinoe, niaaaeaiiie ?aniieiaeaiiie ai aoiaeiii ioaa?noee ai?iieie ,
oe?aieaiiuie ia aeia ea?iaiaie aeey iaaeeaee e iiaeuaiiui eeiai n
iiieaaeii, ioee/athuaany oai, /oi

Iiaua (ioee/eoaeueiua) i?eciaee ioee/eoaeueiay /anoue oi?ioeu
ecia?aoaiey:

noaiee aieinoe i?aaenoaaeytho niaie ioaeaeueiua noai?ee , oa?ie?ii
i?ee?aieaiiua e aeio n aiciiaeiinoueth ioeeaeuaaiey, a ai?iiea
ecaioiaeaia ec oaa?aeiai e aeaaeeiai iaoa?eaea (iai?eia? i?aaie/aneiai
noaeea), e auiieiaia ?acai?iie, i?e yoii noaiee ai?iiee niaaaeaiu
i?eniiniaeaieyie aeey niaaeeiaiey eo iaaeaeo niaie e ni noai?eaie
aieinoe.

Yoi iaeiicaaiiay oi?ioea. ?iaeiaay oa?aeoa?enoeea. Aeaeiaua ioee/ey.
Yeaeaaeaioiue i?eciae – caiaia iaeiiai oa?ieia ae?oaei iai?eia? oa?ie?ii
i?ee?aieaiiua ia ?u/aaeiua ia iaiyao aeaea .

Iiiaicaaiiay oi?ioea. (Ono?ienoai aeey iaacaiaeeaaiey iiei/ii-aaeeiaiai
naonoea). Caeanue 2 ioieoa (eee aieaa).

Aeiionoeiia naiaiaeiia eniieueciaaiea. A?aieoeu eneeth/eoaeueiuo
iaoaioiuo i?aa, o.a. aeiionoeiia naiaiaeiia eniieueciaaiea io?aiyaiuo
iauaeoia i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe. Noaouey 11-12 «Iaoaioiiai caeiia».
Aeaenoaey , eioi?ua ia i?eciathony ia?ooaieai i?aaa iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey.
Ia ia?ooatho iaoaioiua i?aaa :

i?eiaiaiea n?aaenoa , niaea?aeaueo io?aiyaiua iauaeou i?e yenieoaoaoeee
o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa ae?oaeo no?ai, a?aiaiii eee neo/aeii iaoiaeyueony
ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee. Anee o?ainii?oiia n?aaenoai iai?eia? caoei a iaoe
aiaeu , a a iai anoue iaoa ecia?aoaiea , ii anee yoi i?eniiniaeaiea
naycaii n ooieoeeiie?iaaieai oaoie/aneiai n?aaenoaa – ia?ooaiey iao.

Eniieueciaaiea i?e i?iaaaeaiee iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee (iai?eia? ea/aaiia
aauanoai).

I?eiaiaiea i?e /?acau/aeiuo ianoiyoaeuenoaao.

?aciaia ecaioiaeaiea eaea?noa ii ?aoeaioo a?a/a.

Iniaue neo/ae, aeiioneathuee naiaiaeiia eniieueciaaiea ia
iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaeai iauaeoa – i?aai i?aaeaeaiieueciaaiey. Ethaia
oece/aneia eee th?eaee/aneia eeoei, eioi?ia aei aeaou i?ei?eoaoa iauaeoa
aeia?iniaanoii eniieueciaaei ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee nicaeaiiia iacaaeneii
io aai aaoi?a oiaeaeanoaaiiia ?aoaiea eee naeaeaei iaiaoiaeeiua e yoiio
i?eaioiaeaiey nio?aiyao i?aai ia aeaeueiaeoaa aai aacaiciacaeiia
eniieueciaaiea aac ?anoe?aiey iauaia. I?aai i?aaeaeaiieueciaaiey iiaeao
auoue ia?aaeaii ae?oaiio oece/aneiio eee th?eaee/aneiio eeoeo oieueei
niaianoii n i?iecaiaenoaii ia eioi?ii eiaei ianoi eniieueciaaiea
oiaeaeanoaaiiiai ?aoaiey eee auee naeaeaiu iaiaoiaeeiua e yoiio
i?eaioiaeaiey.(noaouey 12 «Iaoaioiiai caeiia») Eiaaea eoi oi oaea aeaeae
i?aaeiaou , e eiaaea ia oniae ia/aoue i?iecaiaenoai, ii naeaeae
iaiaoiaeeiua i?eaioiaeaiey e i?iecaiaenoao.

Anee iao iniiaaiee aeey naiaiaeiiai eniieueciaaiey , oi ana inoaeueiua
iaycaiu ia eniieueciaaoue. Iiaeii eeai eoieoue iaoaio eee i?eia?anoe
i?aai ii eeoeaicee.

Ii?yaeie auaea/e iaoaioa eee eia/a ioi?ieaiea iaoaioiuo i?aa.

Noauaeou i?aaa ia iaoaio. Eiatho i?aai iiaeaoue cayaeo –
iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaee. Aaoi?, aaoi?u, ?aaioiaeaoaeue, oaaea?aeueiue oiiae
ecia?aoaiee , oece/aneea e th?eaee/aneea eeoea. Cayaea iiaeaaony a
iaoaioiia aaaeiinoai – «?inneeneia aaaionoai ii iaoaioiui e oiaa?iui
ciaeai» – ?in Iaoaio. Cayaea iiaeao auoue iiaeaia cayaeoaeai.
Ana?inneeneee Iao/ii Enneaaeiaaoaeueneee Einoeooo Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Iaoaioiie Yenia?oecu. 4 eaoaai?ee iiaeatho oieueei /a?ac iaoaioiuo
iiaa?aiiuo:

Eiino?aiiua th?eaee/aneea eeoea , oa eioi?ua o ian e oa eioi?ua ca
a?aieoeae ni 100 % eiino?aiiui eaieoaeii.

?inneeneea a?aaeaeaia , iinoiyiii i?iaeeaathuea ca a?aieoeae

Eiino?aiiua a?aaeaeaia.

Anee n iaeiie noi?iiu – oece/aneia eeoei , oi aeaei ?anniao?eaaao
anaaaea noae iauae th?enaeeeoeee. A?aeo?aaeiua noaeu, anee ana noi?iiu
i?aaei?eieiaoaee eee th?eaee/aneea eeoea. O?aoaeneee noae, oieueei anee
neacaii a aeiaiai?a. ?aoaiey o?aoaeneiai noaea auiieiythony
aeia?iaieueii. Nouanoaoao Iueth-Ei?eneay eiiaaioeey i i?eaaaeaiee a
eniieiaiea eiino?aiiuo a?aeo?aaeiuo ?aoaiee. Aeey yoiai neaaeoao
iiaoaoue a NOA e iaienaoue cayaeaiea ia aiaeeeneii ycuea.

DATE 21.05.98

Iaoaioiia i?aai. Ninoaa cayaee ia ecia?aoaiea. A ninoaa cayaee aoiaeyo :

Cayaeaiea.

Iienaiea ecia?aoaiey.

Oi?ioea ecia?aoaiey.

*a?oaaee.

?aoa?ao.

Aeieoiaio ia oieaoa iioeeiu.

Iie aeieaeiu auoue ninoaaeaiu ii no?iai ii?aaeaeaiiie oi?ia, iie
ii?aaeaeythony i?aaeeaie ninoaaeaiey iiaea/e e ?anniio?aiey cayaee ia
auaea/o iaoaioa ia ecia?aoaiea. I?aaeea ooaa?aeaeaiu ?in iaoaioii 20
naioya?y 1993 aiaea e iioaeeeiaaiu a aeo?iaea « Eioaeeaeooaeueiay
nianoaaiiinoue» ca 1994 aiae ? 1/2. No?.23 – 78. A yoeo i?aaeeao
aeathony iiae?iaiua oeacaiey eae ninoaaeoue cayai/iua iaoa?eaeu ia
?acee/iua ecia?aoaiey. Cayaea iiaeaaony a iaoaioiia aaaeiinoai e
i?ioiaeeo 2 yenia?oecu:

Oi?iaeueiay yenia?oeca – i?iaiaeeony nionoy 2 ianyoea iinea iiaea/e
cayaee ia iaoaio. I?iaa?yaony 2 ueiiaioa – iaee/ea anao aeieoiaioia e eo
i?aaeeueiinoue, niioaaonoaea o?aaiaaieyi i?aaee. Anee ana i?aaeeueii –
oi ii?aaeaeyaony aeaoa i?ei?eoaoa ii aeaoa iiaea/e cayaee (noaouey 21
iaoaioiiai caeiia).

Yenia?oeca cayaee ii nouanoao, ii oneiaeyi iaoaioiniiniaiinoe
ecia?aoaiey. Iia i?iaiaeeony oieueei ii oiaeaoaenoao, iiaeaiiiio a ?in
iaoaio a oa/aiee 3-o eao n aeaou i?ei?eoaoa :

Cayaeoaey.

3-ai eeoea.

Oi?iaeueiay yenia?oeca ?aiueoa auea oi?iaeueii ii nouanoao. I?inoi
naaiaeiy ?in iaoaio ia ni?aaeyaony n cayaeaie. Cayaea ii nouanoao ia
i?iaa?yaony. Ii anee cayaeoaeue aeieai ?acae?aaony , nionoy iieoi?a
aiaea (18 ianyoea) cayaea ioaeeeoaony, ?ane?uaaaony aeey anao (noaouey
21 , ioieo 6). Iie noaiiayony aeinooiiuie ethaiio eeoeo. Ethaia eeoei
iiaeao ciaeiieoueny. Noaouey 22 – a?aiaiiay i?aaiaay io?aia. A yoie
noaouea neacaii, /oi ecia?aoaieth i?aaenoaaeyaony a?aiaiiay i?aaiaay
io?aia. N aeaou ioaeeeaoeee naaaeaiee i cayaea aei aeaou ioaeeeaoeee
naaaeaiee i auaea/a iaoaioa cayaeaiiiio ecia?aoaieth i?aaeinoaaeyaony
a?aiaiiay i?aaiaay io?aia (noaouey 21 – ioieo 6, noaouey 22 ). Iienaiea
– iii i?iecaieueiia , iii ia/eiaaony n iacaaiey ecia?aoaiey , niaea?aeeo
?acaeaeu:

Iaeanoue oaoieee

O?iaaiue oaoieee

Nouiinoue ecia?aoaiey

Naaaeaiey iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea aiciiaeiinoue inouanoaeaiey ecia?aoaiey.

Oi?ioea ii?aaeaeyao e?oa aaoi?ia e niaaoi?ia (noaouey 16). ?aoa?ao.
Ioieo 3-5 i?aaee.

?aoaaony aii?in i auaea/a iaoaioa – iaeii ec 3-o ?aoaiee. 1-auaeaoue, 2-
ioeacaoue, auaeaoue n oei?i/aiiie oi?ioeie.

Auaeaoue iaoaio. Iinea auianaiey ?aoaiey – ?in iaoaio i?iecaiaeeo
ioaeeeaoeeth i auaea/a iaoaioa a naiai ioeoeeaeueiii atheeaoaia
naaaeaiee i auaea/a. Ioaeeeaoeey i?iecaiaeeony anee caiea/aia iioeeia ca
yoi. Ia?aeeaeueii i?iaiaeeony aianaiea ecia?aoaiey a ainoaea?noaaiiue
?aano? ecia?aoaiee. Ioaeeeothony 2 ia/aoiuo iaoa?eaea : oi?ioea e
/a?oaae. Iinea yoeo 2-o iia?aoeee eaeao auaea/a iaoaioa. Auaeaaony eeai
ee/ii, eeai ii/oie eee /a?ac iaoaioiuo iiaa?aiiuo. Iaaa aaoi?a e
iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey. Eiaaony a aeaeo aaoi? iauaeoa. I?aaa aaoi?ia. Iie
yaeythony ee/iuie e eiouanoaaiiuie. Ec ee/iuo i?aa aeaaiia iaeii – i?aai
aaoi?noaa – i?eiaaeeaaeeo oieueei oece/aneei eeoeai, nicaeaoaeyi
iauaeoa. I?aai aaoi?a – iniiaaiiay ia caeiia aiciiaeiinoue eiaiiaaoue
naay nicaeaoaeai iauaeoa – iii yaeyaony iaio/oaeaeaaiui e io?aiyaony
aann?i/ii.

Eiouanoaaiiua i?aaa aaoi?ia , ia yaeythueony iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaeyie. Iie
eiatho i?aaa :

i?aai aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ca neoaeaaiue iauaeo, a ?acia?a , ii?aaeaeyaiiio
ii noaouea 8 ioieoo 2 e ii aeiaiai?o n ?aaioiaeaoaeai.

I?aai ioi?ieoue iauaeo ia naia eiy. Yoi eiaaea ?aaioiaeaoaeue ia aoaeao
i?eieiaoue ie eaeeo ia?, aaoi? ioi?ieo iaoaio ia naia eiy.

I?aaa iaoaioiiaeiaeaoaey. Iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaeue eiaao 3 i?aaa.

Eneeth/eoaeueiia i?aai ia eniieueciaaiea io?aiyaiiai iauaeoa ii naiaio
oniio?aieth.

I?aai cai?aoeoue eniieueciaaiea 3-ei eeoeai , e?iia neo/aaa a noaouea
11-12 Iaoaioiiai caeiia.

I?aai auaeaoue eeoeaiceth e onooieoue iaoaio. Yoi 3 i?aaiii/ey. I?aai
eniieueciaaoue yoo eaeath o naay.

Anee eoi oi ia?ooeo yoe cai?aou, anooiaao a aeaenoaea ii?ia Iaoaioiiai
caeiia. Onooiea iaoaioa e i?iaeaaea eeoeaicee – ia aeiaiai?iie iniiaa
(Iaycaoaeuenoaaiiia i?aai).

Caueoa i?aa aaoi?ia e iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaeae

Caueoa io ia?ooaiee . I?eiaieoaeueii e aaoi?ai yoi i?enaiaiea aaoi?noaa.

A niioaaonoaee n ioieoii 3 noaouee 10 iaoaioiiai caeiia ia?ooaieai
eneeth/eoaeueiiai i?aaa iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey i?eciaaony :

Ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiia ecaioiaeaiea.

I?eiaiaiea.

Aaic.

I?aaeeiaeaiea e i?iaeaaea.

I?iaeaaea.

Eiia aaaaeaiea a oicyenoaaiiue iai?io eee o?aiaiea n yoie oeaeueth
i?iaeoeoa , niaea?aeauaai caiaoaioiaaiiia ecia?aoaiea, iieacioth
iiaeaeue eee i?iiuoeaiiue ia?acaoe, a oae aea i?eiaiaiea io?aiyaiiai
iaoaioii niiniaa. Eeai ethaia aaaaeaiea a oicyenoaaiiue iai?io eee
o?aiaiea n yoie oeaeueth i?iaeoeoa , ecaioiaeaiiiai iaiin?aaenoaaiii
io?aiyaiui niiniaii.

I?acoiioeey i?e ecaioiaeaiee i?iaeoeoa caiaoaioiaaiiiai niiniaa.

Caueoa i?aa . Eae ii?aaeaeeoue, /oi i?iaeoeo ecaioiaeai n i?eiaiaieai
ecia?aoaiey. I?iaeoeo (ecaeaeea) i?eciaaony ecaioiaeaiiui n
eniieueciaaieai caiaoaioiaaiiiai ecia?aoaiey eee iieaciie iiaeaee , a
io?aiyaiue niinia i?eiaiaiiui , anee a iai eniieueciaai eaaeaeue i?eciae
ecia?aoaiey, iieaciie iiaeaee , aeeth/aiiue a iacaaeneiue ioieo oi?ioeu
eee yeaeaaeaioiue aio i?eciae. I?eiaieoaeueii e i?iiuoeaiiui ia?acoeai
iiaeii n/eoaoue , /oi ecaeaeea niaea?aeeo i?iiuoeaiiue ia?acaoe, anee
iii niaea?aeeo ana aai nouanoaaiiua i?eciaee. Noaouey 14 , ioieo 2
Iaoaioiiai caeiia – ia?ooaiea aeieaeii auoue i?ae?auaii e aeiiaiee
aeieaeai aicianoeoue oauoee a niioaaonoaee n iaoaioiui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii e oiouaiioth auaiaeo. Noaouey 31 iaoaioiiai caeiia
aiai?eo i iaoaioiuo nii?ao, eioi?ua ?aoathony a noaea:

Nii?u , naycaiiua n aaoi?noaii.

Ia onoaiiaeaiee iaoaioiiaeaaeaoaey

I ia?ooaiee eneeth/eoaeueiiai i?aaa ia eniieueciaaiea io?aiyaiiai
iauaeoa i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe

I i?aaa i?aaeaeaiieueciaaiey.

I auieaoa aiciaa?aaeaeaiey aaoi?o neoaeaaiiai iauaeoa.

E?iia yoiai i?aaa caueuathony aaeieieno?aoeaiui i?aaii e oaieiaiui.
Iai?eia? a aiaeeyoeeiiioth iaeaoo iai?aaeythony aeaeiau ia ioeac a
auaea/a iaoaioa.

A oaieiaiii ii?yaeea i?eaeaeathony a?aaeaeaia ca i?enaiaiea aaoi?noaa,
i?eioaeaeaiea e niaaoi?noao, iacaeiiiia ?acaeaoaiea naaaeaiee ia iauaeoa
i?iiuoeaiiie nianoaaiiinoe. *a?ac 3 ianyoea iinea iiaea/e cayaee a
iaoaioiia aaaeiinoai iiaeii iiaeaoue cayaeo ca a?aieoeae.

Eneeth/eoaeueiua i?aaa ia n?aaenoaa eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee th?eaee/aneiai
eeoea, i?iaeoeoeee, ?aaio e oneoa.

Eneeth/eoaeueiia i?aai TH?eaee/aneiai eeoea ia oe?iaiiia iaeiaiiaaiea e
ae?oaea n?aaenoaa aecoaeueiie eaeaioeoeeaoeee- Yiaeaio, neiaieeeo e o.i.
I oe?iaiiii iaeiaiiaaiee aiai?eo noaouey 54 AE. Noaouey 54 aiai?eo i
oii , /oi ?aaeno?aoeee i?iecaiaeeony a niioaaonoaee n caeiiii. Eae
aeiaeoueny , /oiau ia auei iaeeiaeiauo iaeiaiiaaiee. Ae?oaea n?aaenoaa
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie eaeaioeoeeaoeee – yoi (noaouey 2 ia AI). Iinoaiiaeaiea
i?aaeoaeuenoaa i neiaieeea caiiaaaeieeia e iaoeeiiaeueiuo ia?eia. I?eeac
oaaea?aeueiie neoaeau eaniiai oicyenoaa AIA ca 1997 aiae ?4. Neiaieeea –
yoi yiaeaia, oeaa , auiiae e o.i. Neiaa «?INNEss», «?INNEENEAss
OAAeA?AOeEss» e «IINEAA» e i?iecaiaeiua io ieo , ca ieo ioaeii ieaoeoue.
Iaeioi?ui naeaeaee neeaeeo ia 50 % – annioeeaoeee oa?ia?neeo oicyenoa e
o.i. Oiaa?iua ciaee e ciaee ianeoaeeaaiey – yoi iaicia/aiey niiniaiua
ioee/aoue oiaa?u eee oneoae iaeieo th?eaee/aneeo eee oece/aneeo eeoe io
iaeii?iaeiuo oiaa?ia eee oneoa ae?oaeo oece/aneeo eee th?eaee/aneeo
eeoe. Iie auaeathony th?eaee/aneei eeoeai eee i?aaei?eieiaoaeyi.
Oiaa?iua ciaee auaeathony a oii aea ii?yaeea eae e iaoaiou. Caeii i
oiaa?iuo ciaeao, ciaeao ianeoaeeaaiey e iaeiaiiaaieyo iano
i?ienoiaeaeaiey oiaa?ia io 23 naioya?y 1992 aiaea. Onoaiiaeaiu
aaniethoiua (aannii?iua) eee eiua iniiaaiey aeey ioeaca a ?aaeno?aoeee.
Iniiaaiey aeey ioeaca.

Ia iaeaaeaao ?acee/eoaeueiie niiniaiinoueth.

Anee i?aaenoaaeyao ainoaea?noaaiiua oeaae, yiaeaiu iaeiaiiaaiey
ainoaea?noa, iaa?aaeu.

Aioaaeoea a iauaa oiio?aaeaiea i?aaeiaou e neiaa.

Noaouey 7 eiua iniiaaiey .

Eniieueciaaiea eiai ecaanoiuo eeoe aac eo niaeaney eee eo ianeaaeieeia.

Oi?ioea : Iaeiaiiaaiea ianoa i?ienoiaeaeaiey oiaa?a – yoi iacaaiea
no?aiu, ianaeaiiiai ioieoa, ianoiinoe eee ae?oaiai aaia?aoe/aneiai
iauaeoa, eniieuecoaiia aeey iaicia/aiey oiaa?a iniaua naienoaa eioi?iai
eneeth/eoaeueii eee aeaaiui ia?acii ii?aaeaeythony oa?aeoa?iuie aeey
aeaiiiai aaia?aoe/aneiai iauaeoa ,

I?e?iaeiuie oneiaeyie eee

Ethaeneeie oaeoi?aie , eeai

Oaie e ae?oaeie iaeiia?aiaiii.

Iai?eia? Oaiiaineia e o.i.

I?e?iaeiua oaeoi?u – yoi i?aaeaea anaai eeeiao, ii/aa, aiaeiua
enoi/ieee.

Ethaeneea oaeoi?u – i?aiao?aneee ieaoie.

?in iaoaio auiieiyao 2 ooieoeee – ?aaeno?e?oao iaeiaiiaaiea e auaeaao
naeaeaoaeuenoai ia i?aai iieueciaaiey. Eeoeaicey ia i?iaeaaony. Eoi
iaoiaeeony a yoii ?aaeiia aio aeaaeoo ?ac?aoaiea ia i?aai iieueciaaiey.
Oieueei /oi auoee i?aaeea ninoaaeaiey, iiaea/e e ?anniio?aiey cayaee ia
?aaeno?aoeeth e i?aaeinoaaeaiea i?aaa iieueciaaiey IIIO e ia
i?aaeinoaaeaiea i?aaa iieueciaaiey IIIO. AIA 1997 ?7 no?. 26-46.

DATE 21.05.98

Ee/iua iaeiouanoaaiiua i?aaa e eo caueoa.

ee/iua i?aaa – iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea.

caueoa /anoe , aeinoieinoaa e aeaeiaie ?aiooaoeee.

Ee/iua iaeiouanoaaiiua i?aaa. Nouanoaotho a ea/anoaa i?aaeiaoa AI ee/iua
iaeiouanoaaiiua ioiioaiey. AI ia ?aaoee?oao , ii caueuaao iaiouaieaiua
i?aaa /aeiaaea. Noaouey 2 AE – /anoue 2.

Ee/iua iaeiouanoaaiiua i?aaa a?aaeaeaieia – ?aciiaeaeiinoue
iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa. I?aaiaie ?aaeei yoeo iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa –
aeaaony a noaoueyo 150-152 AE. Noaouey 150 aeeth/aao a /enei
iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa aeeciue e caei?iauea , aeinoieinoai ee/iinoe,
ee/ioth iai?eeiniiaaiiinoue, /anoue e aeia?ia eiy , aeaeiaoth
?aiooaoeeth, iai?eeiniiaaiiinoue /anoie aeecie, ee/ioth e naiaeioth
oaeio, i?aai naiaiaeiiai ia?aaeaeaeaiey, i?aai auai?a ianoa i?aauaaiey e
aeeoaeuenoaa, i?aai ia eiy, i?aai aaoi?noaa e ae?oaea. Noaouey 150 aeaao
aieueoie ia?a/aiue ee/iuo i?aa e iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa niaea?aeeo ia
iieiue ia?a/aiue aeaa. Iie i?eiaaeeaaeao a?aaeaeaieio io ?iaeaeaiey eee
a neeo caeiia. Yoe i?aaa e iaiaoa?eaeueiua aeaaa a oeaeii –
iaio/oaeaeaaiu e iaia?aaeaaaaiu. Eiy a?aaeaeaieia – noaouey 19 AE.
I?eia?aoaiea i?aa e iaycaiiinoae iiae eiaiai ae?oaiai eeoea ia
aeiioneaaony. Eiy ia oieueei ?aaeueiia eiy eee inaaaeiiei (auiuoeaiiia
eiy). Eo i?eiaiaiea e caueoa iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny ae?oaeie eeoeaie –
iai?eia? ianeaaeieeaie. Anee ?a/ue eaeao i ?aaeno?aoeee eiaie e
oiaa?iiai ciaea – aeaaony iiae?iaiay eioi?iaoeey – /uea eiy auei acyoi.

Ee/iua iaeiouanoaaiiua i?aaa e eo caueoa inouanoaeyaony iiiaeie
einoeoooaie a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa. A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea iacaeiiiia
eniieueciaaiea i?eianei oua?a aiciauaaony e ii?aeueiue a?aae (oece/aneea
eee i?aanoaa PAGE 35 iiua no?aaeaiey) noaouey 151 AE. Iie aicieeatho a
nayce n ia?ooaieai iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa. Eo oiaeaiea iiaeao auoue
eiiiaine?iaaii a aeaiaaeiie oi?ia. Iaycaoaeuenoaa ec i?e/eiaiey a?aaea.
Caueoa /anoe , aeinoieinoaa e aeaeiaie ?aiooaoeee – yoi iaeaieaa /anoia
ia?ooaiea. Noaouey 152 AE – Caueoa /anoe , aeinoieinoaa e aeaeiaie
?aiooaoeee. Aaeyaneee A.A. «Caueoa /anoe e aeinoieinoaa». Iaeaeia I.N.

*anoue – yoi iauanoaaiiay ioeaiea ea/anoa a?aaeaeaieia. Aeinoieinoai –
naiiioeaiea eeoeii naieo ea/anoa.

Aeinoieinoai -naiiioeaiea ee/iinoe

Aeaeiaay ?aiooaoeey – naiiioeaiea e iauanoaaiiay ioeaiea aeaeiauo
ea/anoa a?aaeaeaieia e th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.

Caueoa – a noaea. A?aaeaeaiei a i?aaa o?aaiaaoue ii noaeo ii?iaa?aeaiey
ii?i/aueo aai /anoue , aeinoieinoai eee aeaeiaoth ?aiooaoeeth naaaeaiee,
anee ?ani?ino?aieaoee oaeea naaaeaiey ia aeieaaeao , /oi iie
niioaaonoaotho aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Caueoa aeiioneaaony e iinea nia?oe
a?aaeaeaieia (ii o?aaiaaieth caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe). Noaouey 152 –
i?aaeea aeaiiie noaouee i caueoa aeaeiaie ?aiooaoeee a?aaeaeaieia
niioaaonoaaiii i?eiaiythony e caueoa aeaeiaie ?aiooaoeee th?eaee/aneiai
eeoea.

Iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue:

Onoaiiaeoue oaeo ?ani?ino?aiaiey naaaeaiee (/aua anaai yoi noaouey a
aacaoa, aeo?iaea , aeaeaicaienue, ia?aaea/a ii ?aaeei, aoaeeicaienue,
oa?aeoa?enoeea).

*oi yoe naaaeaiey ii?i/ao /anoue, aeinoieinoai e aeaeiaoth ?aiooaoeeth
(oiieytho, eiii?iiaoe?otho, oiieytho).Aeieaeii auoue iiaeoaa?aeaeaii,
/oi yoi oiieyao.

Iaaei auynieoue, niioaaonoaotho ee naaaeaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Anee
niioaaonoaotho, oi caueou ia iiaeao auoue. Anee ia niioaaonoaotho
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, oi noae i?eiaiyao ia?u caueou.

Nouanoaoao i?acoiioeey ianiioaaonoaey ii?i/aueo naaaeaiee
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. A?aiy ii?iaa?aeaiey aeaiiie i?acoiioeee eaaeeo ia
?ani?ino?aieoaea. Ii aeieaeai aeieacaoue.

Ii aii?inai Caueoa /anoe. Iinoaiiaeaiea ieaioia AN ?O io 18 aaaonoa 1992
aiaea a ?aaeaeoeee io 21 aeaeaa?y 1993 aiaea e 25 ai?aey 1995 aiaea «I
noaeaaiie i?aeoeea ii caueoa /anoe aeinoieinoaa e aeaeiaie ?aiooaoeee» a
?aaeaeoeee- iii aeaao iiyniaiea ii aii?ino iiiyoea «?ani?ino?aiaiea
naaaeaiee». Naaaeaiey eioi?ua ii?i/ao – ooaa?aeaeaiea i ia?ooaiee
a?aaeaeaieiii eee th?eaee/aneei eeoeii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa eee
ii?aeueiuo i?eioeeiia.

Ia?u ioaaonoaaiiinoe , ii?aaeaeyaiua noaeii :

O?aaiaaiea io ?ani?ino?aieoaey ii?iaa?aiooue yoe naaaeaiey. Anee
naaaeaiey ?ani?ino?aiaiu a NIE, oi iie aeieaeiu auoue ii?iaa?aioou a oao
aea NIE. Ii?iaa?aeaiea aeieaeii auoue /aoeei e ia aeaoniuneaiiui.

Noaouey 152 AE – eeoeo iioa?iaaoaio aeaii i?aai – A?aaeaeaiei a
ioiioaiee eioi?iai ?ani?ino?aiaiu ii?i/auea naaaeaiey ai?aaa ia?yaeo n
ii?iaa?aeaieai yoeo naaaeaiee o?aaiaaoue aiciauaiey oauoeia e
ii?aeueiiai a?aaea, i?e/eiaiiuo eo ?ani?ino?aiaieai.

I?aai a?aaeaeaieia ia iioaeeeiaaiea naiaai ioaaoa a oii aea NIE.

Anee ?aoaiea noaea ia auiieiyaony – noae a i?aaa iaeiaeeoue ia iaai
oo?ao a ?acia?a e ii?yaeea, i?aaeoniio?aiiii i?ioeannoaeueiii
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Ia?auaiea noaea a i?aai , ca?aaeno?e?iaaaoee i?aai
ia/aoe. Eae auoue, anee iaeuecy onoaiiaeoue, eoi ?ani?ino?aiee
naaaeaiey. Neooe, ii?i/auea – anee iaeuecy onoaiiaeoue eoi ?ani?ino?aiee
– caeii e ioieo 6 noaouee 152. Ene ia ii?iaa?aeaiee ii?i/aueo naaaeaiee,
/oi iie ia niioaaonoaotho aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Oaeea neo/ae auee. Ae?oaay
eioi?iaoeey – iaeioi?ua ?acuyniaiey – noaouey 152 e iinoaiiaeaiea –
aeieoiaio iiaeeaaeeo ioiaia eee caiaia.

Ianeaaenoaaiiia i?aai.

Aii?inu ?aaoee?othony noaoueyie 527 – 561 AE ?NON? 1964 aiaea, a oae
aea noaoueyie 153 – 155 IAC 1991 e noaoueyie Naiaeiiai eiaeaena – 36
noaouey e ae?oaea. ?acaeae 6 – i?iaeo a i?eeiaeaiee e ?A 8 oaa?aey 1997
aiaea. Iinoaiiaeaiea ieaioia AN io 23 ai?aey 1991 a ?aaeaeoeee io 21
aeaeaa?y 1993 aiaea. No?. 292 – iinoaiiaeaiea i iaeioi?uo aii?inao,
aicieeathueo o noaeia ii aeaeai i ianeaaeiaaiee.

Niiniau ianeaaeiaaiey:

Ii caeiio.

Ii caaauaieth. Caaauaiea yoi ?anii?yaeaiea naiei eiouanoaii ia neo/ae
nia?oe. Nouanoaoao naiaiaea caaauaiey , e?iia eneeth/aiey. Iniaia
cia/aiea eiaao oi?ia caaauaiey. Iii aeieaeii auoue ninoaaeaii oieueei
ienueiaiii, nianoaaiii?o/ii iiaeienaii e iioa?eaeueii oaeinoiaa?aii.
Noaouey AE 64 , Noaouey 155(i.2) IAC. Anee ia iiaeao iiaeienaoue nai
ianeaaeiaeaoaeue. Iiaeao iiaeienaoue e ae?oaia eeoei n oeacaieai i?e/ei
(naiei eiaiai) a i?enoonoaee iioa?eona eee ae?oaiai aeieaeiinoiiai eeoea
(noaouey 542 AE 1964aiaea). Oa aeieaeiinoiua eeoea, /uey iiaeienue
i?e?aaieaaaony e iioa?eaeueiie. Ii noaouea 541- i?e?aaieaathony iiaeiene
oaeeo aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe – Aeaaiue a?a/ , aai caianoeoaeue( ia ii
oicyenoaaiiie /anoe), eaieoai noaeia. Ia/aeueiee oth?ueiu, yeniaaeeoeee,
eiinoe. Caaauaiea iiaeao auoue eciaiaii eee ioiaiaii a ethaia a?aiy –
noaouey 543. Aeia?a/iia eiouanoai – ii naiaeiiio eiaeaeno noaouey 36.
Iiaeii a a?a/iii aeiaiai?a i?eciaoue n?aco eiouanoai niaianoiui. Noi?oa
iiaeao ?anii?yaeeoueny oieueei eiouanoaii i?eiaaeeaaeaaoei ei aei a?aea
e 1/2 iauaai eiouanoaa. Ii noaouea 39 aeiee noi?oaia i?eciathony
?aaiuie. Iaycaoaeueiay aeiey – iao?oaeiniiniaiua e ianiaa?oaiiieaoiea
ianeaaeieee ia?aie i/a?aaee ii caeiio. I. 3 noaouee 155 IAC – iie a
i?aaa iieo/eoue iaycaoaeueioth aeieth. AE 1964 aiaea – aeiey ia iiaeao
auoue iaiueoa 2/3 aeiee ii caeiio (noaouey 535). E iaycaoaeueiui
ianeaaeieeai ioiinyony e eaeaeeaaioeu oia?oaai. Ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia
aeeaae a naa?eieaeea. Ianeaaeiaaiea ii caeiio – eae ieieioi a 5 neo/ayo:

Iao caaauaiey

Caaauaiea i?eciaii noaeii iaaeaenoaeoaeueiui.

Caaauaii ia ana eiouanoai

Ana ianeaaeieee ii caaauaieth ioeacaeenue io ianeaaenoaa.

*anoue ianeaaeieeia ii caaauaieth ioeacaeenue io ianeaaenoaa.

Ianeaaeieee ii caeiio:

Nouanoaoao 2 i/a?aaee ianeaaeieeia ii caeiio:

Aeaoe (onuiiaeaiiua), noi?oa e ?iaeeoaee, ?aaaiie oia?oaai, ?iaeeaoeeny
iinea nia?oe. Noaouey 154 IAC e 532 AE – ianeaaeotho aioo?e i/a?aaee a
?aaiuo aeieyo.

Aioee e i?aaioee , a?aouey e nano?u, aeaaeooea e aaaooea ni noi?iiu
iooea e iaoa?e .

E?iia yoiai i/aiue aaaeiia ianoi caieiatho eaeaeeaaioeu-
iao?oaeiniiniaiua eeoea. Iie eiatho naiia i?eaeeaae?iaaiiia iieiaeaiea.
Ii noaouea 532 – eaeaeeaaioeu ianeaaeotho anaaaea. Anee eiouanoai i?inoi
caaauaii ainoaea?noao, oi iii ia?aoiaeeo a nianoaaiiinoue ainoaea?noaa
noaouey 552. Eiaaea i?eciaee oia?oei, ioe?uaaaony ianeaaenoai. Ianoi
ioe?uoey ianeaaenoaa – iineaaeiaa ianoi aeecie ianeaaeiaeaoaey a oa/aiee
6 ian. (noaouey 546 AE). Eee ianoi iaoiaeaeaiey aieueoae /anoe
eiouanoaa.

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