.

Авторское право

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 1325
Скачать документ

IEAI

Aaaaeaiea

Aeaaa 1. Ia?aoiay neea aeaenoaey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia ii
aaoi?neiio i?aao.

Aeaaa 2. I?aaeea ia ia?aoiii aeaenoaee Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee.

Aeaaa 3. I?eniaaeeiaiea e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee aac ia?aoiie neeu. Iiuo
NOA.

Aeaaa 4. I?eniaaeeiaiea ?innee e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee.

Aeaaa 5. Ia?aoiay neea aaoi?nei-i?aaiauo ii?i a eiino?aiiii
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa.

Aeaaa 6. ?aoaiea aii?ina ia ia?aoiie neea aaoi?nei-i?aaiauo ii?i a
?inneeneii iaoeeiiaeueiii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa

Caeeth/aiea

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

AAAAeAIEA.

Ca Iineaaeiea aeaa aiaea a i?aaiaie aeecie iaoaai iauanoaa a noa?a
nicaeaiey e eniieueciaaiey i?iecaaaeaiee iaoee, eeoa?aoo?u e eneonnoaa
i?iecioee nouanoaaiiua eciaiaiey. N i?eiyoeai 9 ethey 1993 aiaea caeiia
?O “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao”. Caaa?oeeinue oi?ie?iaaiea
?inneeneie nenoaiu aaoi?neiai i?aaa eae nenoaiu ii?i,
i?aaeoniao?eaathueo i/aiue aunieee o?iaaiue io?aiu i?aa aaoi?ia,
iieiinoueth niioaaonoaothuee o?aaiaaieyi Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ia io?aia
eeoa?aoo?iuo e ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, yaeythuaeny naiaia?aciui
ie?iaui yoaeiiii caueou aaoi?neeo i?aa

Aii?in i i?eiyoee oaeiai “neeueiiai” caeiia aue iiaeiyo aeaaii eae a
nayce n eciaiaieai iieeoee ainoaea?noaa a ioiioaiee /aeiaaea, aai i?aa e
naiaiae, i?eciaiiuo aunoae oeaiiinoueth, oae e a nayce ni no?aieaieai
?innee noaoue /eaiii Aa?ineiai Nithca.

Iaeiei ec i?eioeeiia Aa?ineie Eiioa?aioeee yaeyaony i?eioeei
ieieiaeueiiai iauaia io?aiu, /oi icia/aao, /oi naia Eiiaaioeey
onoaiaaeeaaao iaeioi?ua ii?iu aaoi?nei-i?aaiaie io?aiu, eioi?ua
iiaeeaaeao iaycaoaeueiiio i?eiaiaieth a no?aiao, o/anoaothueo a iae.
Aeieaia a?aiy NNN?, a caoai e ?inney ia iiaee i?eniaaeeieoueny e
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, oae eae iaoeeiiaeueiia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai ia
iaania/eaaei oaeiai aunieiai o?iaiy io?aiu aaoi?neeo i?aa. E eeoue
naaiaeiy, eiaaea o?iaaiue io?aiu, i?aaeinoaaeyaiue ?inneeneei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, aeinoea oae iacuaaaiiai “o?iaiy Aa?ineie”
Eiiaaioeee, iiyaeeanue ?aaeueiay aiciiaeiinoue i?eniaaeeieoueny e
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, /oi ?inney e naeaeaea, noaa n 13 ia?oa 1995 aiaea
iieiii?aaiie aa o/anoieoeae.

I?eciaaay cia/eiinoue yoeo i?aaiauo ?aoaiee, iaiaoiaeeii auynieoue
iaeaieaa aaaeiue aeey i?aeoeee aii?in i oii, eae aoaeoo i?eiaiyoueny
ii?iu caeiia Eiiaaioeee? Ia eaeea niauoey e oaeou ?ani?ino?aiytho iie
naia aeaenoaea, a ioiioaiee nicaeaiey e eniieueciaaiey eaeeo
i?iecaaaeaiee iie aoaeoo eiaoue neeo, yaeythony ee iauaeoii io?aiu eeoue
i?iecaaaeaiey, nicaeaiiua iinea aeaou anooieaiey a neeo caeiia eee
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai aeiaiai?a eee aea io?aia i?aaeinoaaeyaony n ia?aoiie
neeie?

Iauay oai?ey i?aaa, ii?aaeaeyy ia?aoioth neeo caeiia eae ?ani?ino?aiaiea
aai ia neo/ae eee oaeou, eiaaoea ianoi aei anooieaiey aai a neeo,
aeaneo, /oi ii iauaio i?aaeeo aeaenoaoao i?eioeei: “caeii ia?aoiie neeu
ia eiaao”. Noi?ioee?iaaa iauee i?eioeei, oai?ey i?aaa inoaaeea aai
eiie?aoecaoeeth ca ioaeaeueiuie io?aneyie i?aaa a nayce ni niaoeeoeeie
eo iaoiaea e i?aaeiaoa ?aaoee?iaaiey, i?aaeinoaaea ei, aiciiaeiinoue
naiinoiyoaeueii ii?aaeaeyoue oa neo/ae e oaeou, ia eioi?ua
?ani?ino?aiytho naia aeaenoaea iiaua ii?iu i?aaa.

Eiaiii i?iaeaia ia?aoiie neeu aaoi?nei-i?aaiauo ii?i e iinayuaia yoa
?aaioa, oeaeue eioi?ie – iieacaoue, eae yoio aii?in ?aoaaony ia
iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiaii o?iaia e a iaoeeiiaeueiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaao
?acee/iuo no?ai.

Iniaia aieiaiea oioaeinue au oaeaeeoue, iaeaieaa aeooaeueiui naaiaeiy
aeey ?innee i?iaeaiai:

– i?eniaaeeiaieth e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee – a nayce n yoei iiae?iaii
i?iaiaeece?iaaoue iieiaeaiey noaouee 18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, eanathueany
ii?yaeea aa aeaenoaey, iieacaoue aiciiaeiinoe aa oieeiaaiey ia i?eia?a
NOA e ?innee, ioiaoeoue cia/aiea i?eniaaeeiaiey aac ia?aoiie neeu;

– ii?yaeea aeaenoaey ai a?aiaie Caeiia ?O “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo
i?aaao”.

1. IA?AOIAss NEEA AeAENOAEss IAAEAeOIA?IAeIUO AeIAIAI?IA II AAOI?NEIIO
I?AAO

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u ii aaoi?neiio i?aao ii-?aciiio ?aoatho aii?in
i oii, a ioiioaiee eaeeo i?iecaaaeaiee iie aoaeoo aeaenoaiaaoue. Anooiay
a neeo n ii?aaeaeaiiie aeaou, iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u io?aiytho oae
iacuaaaiua “iiaua” i?iecaaaeaiey, oi anoue i?iecaaaeaiey, nicaeaiiua
iinea yoie aeaou. Eaeiaa aea noaeueaa “noa?uo” i?iecaaaeaiee, eioi?ua
auee nicaeaiu aei yoie aeaou, ii i?iaeieaeatho eniieueciaaoueny e iinea
caeeth/aiey aeiaiai?a eee i?eniaaeeiaiey e iaio?

A neo/aa anee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue aeiaiai? i?aaeinoaaeyao io?aio eae
“iiaui”, oae e “noa?ui” i?iecaaaeaieyi, yoi icia/aao, /oi ii eiaao
ia?aoioth neeo. Anee aea oaeie aeiaiai? ia i?aaeinoaaeyao caueoo
“aeieiiaaioeeiiiui” i?iecaaaeaieyi, oi oaeie aeiaiai?, iai?ioea,
ia?aoiie neeu ia eiaao.

I?e caeeth/aiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia aii?in i oii, aoaeao ee ii
eiaoue ia?aoioth neeo eee iao, iaeaieaa aaaeiue, e ?aoaiea aai caaeneo
io oie yeiiiie/aneie e iieeoe/aneie neooaoeee, eioi?ay nouanoaoao ia
iiiaio caeeth/aiey oaeiai aeiaiai?a a aeiaiaa?eaathueony ainoaea?noaao,
a oaeaea io oeaee oaeiai aeiaiai?a. I?eiyoeth ?aoaiey i ii?yaeea
aeaenoaea aeiaiai?a aeieaeai i?aaeoanoaiaaoue ouaoaeueiue yeiiiie/aneee
aiaeec iineaaenoaee ?ani?ino?aiaiey aeaenoaey aeiaiai?a ia “noa?ua”
i?iecaaaeaiey. Aaaeue, anee Eiiaaioeey ia i?aaeoniao?eaaao io?aiu n
ia?aoiie neeie, oi iia iicaieyao ethaie i?eniaaeeiythuaeny no?aia
iinoaiaiii “i?eaueaoue” e io?aia aaoi?neeo i?aa ia eiino?aiiua
i?iecaaaeaiey. Aeey ethaie no?aiu ia aeaiue anooieaiey Eiiaaioeee a
aeaenoaea ana ?aiaa eniieuecoaiua i?iecaaaeaiey eiino?aioeaa
ieacuaathony “noa?uie”, e ca eo eniieueciaaiea, eae e i?aaeaea, ia iaaei
ieaoeoue aiii?a?ia aaoi?ai. E oieueei iinoaiaiii, ii ia?a iiyaeaiey
“iiauo” i?iecaaaeaiee, aoaeoo caeeth/aoueny aeiaiai?u e auiea/eaaoueny
aaoi?neea aiciaa?aaeaeaiey.

Anee aea Eiiaaioeey i?aaeinoaaeyao io?aio n ia?aoiie neeie, oi a aeaiue
i?eniaaeeiaiey no?aiu e iae ana “aeieiiaaioeeiiiua” i?iecaaaeaiey
noaiiayony io?aiyaiuie, e o?aaoaony n?i/ii caeeth/aoue aeiaiai?u n
eiino?aiiuie aaoi?aie ia eniieueciaaiea yoeo i?iecaaaeaiee, auiea/eaay
cia/eoaeueiua noiiu a ea/anoaa aaoi?neeo aiii?a?ia.

I?aaeaea /ai ia?aoeoueny e aiaeeco iieiaeaiee Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee,
eanathueony ii?yaeea aa i?eiaiaiey, oioaeinue au ?anniio?aoue, eae
?aoaaony aii?in i i?aaeinoaaeaiee ia?aoiie neeu a ae?oaeo
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ao, o/anoieoeae eioi?uo ?inney yaeyaony.

?inney yaeyaony o/anoieoeae anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee ia aaoi?neii i?aaa,
eioi?ay auea caeeth/aia 6 naioya?y 1952 aiaea. 27 iay 1973 aiaea e yoie
Eiiaaioeee i?eniaaeeieeny Niaaoneee Nithc, e naaiaeiy ?inney o/anoaoao a
iae eae i?aai i?aaiieoea NNN?. Aii?ino ia ia?aoiie neea iinayuaia
noaouey 7 Eiiaaioeee, eioi?ay aeaneo:

“Ianoiyuay Eiiaaioeey ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia i?iecaaaeaiey eee i?aaa ia
yoe i?iecaaaeaiey, io?aia eioi?uo e iiiaioo anooieaiey a neeo ianoiyuae
Eiiaaioeee a Aeiaiaa?eaathuainy Ainoaea?noaa, aaea i?aaeuyaeyaony
o?aaiaaiea ia io?aia, ieii/aoaeueii i?ae?aoeeanue eee ieeiaaea ia
nouanoaiaaea”.

Ii iauaio iiaieth, noaouey 7 eeoaao Eiiaaioeeiiiie io?aiu i?iecaaaeaiey,
iaoiaeyueany a iauanoaaiiii aeinoiyiee, oi anoue i?iecaaaeaiey (eee
i?aaa ia yoe i?iecaaaeaiey), io?aia eioi?uo ia aeaoo anooieaiey a neeo
Eiiaaioeee i aeiaiaa?eaathuainy ainoaea?noaa, ieii/aoaeueii
i?ae?aoeeanue eee ieeiaaea ia nouanoaiaaea. Yoi icia/aao, /oi Anaie?iay
Eiiaaioeey ia?aoiie neeu ia eiaao.

Oai ia iaiaa, iaeuecy neacaoue, /oi Anaie?iay Eiiaaioeey iieiinoueth
io?eoeaao ia?aoioth neeo ii ioiioaieth e ?aiaa nicaeaiiui
i?iecaaaeaieyi: iia onoaiaaeeaaao, /oi anee oaeea i?iecaaaeaiey
io?aiyaony a ii?aaeaeaiiii ainoaea?noaa ia iiiaio anooieaiey Eiiaaioeee
a neeo aeey yoiai ainoaea?noaa, oi iie ia oieueei i?iaeieaeatho
io?aiyoueny ii iaoeeiiaeueiiio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao, ii e iieo/atho io?aio
oaea ia iniiaa ii?i Eiiaaioeee. Yoi cia/eo, /oi a ioiioaiee oaeeo
i?iecaaaeaiee Eiiaaioeey eiaao ia?aoioth neeo.

Iiieii o/anoey ai Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee ia aaoi?neii i?aaa, Niaaoneee
Nithc, e, iinea i?ae?auaiey aai nouanoaiaaiey, ?inney caeeth/eee ieiei
aeanyoe aeaonoi?iiieo niaeaoaiee i acaeiiie io?aia aaoi?neeo i?aa. Ana
yoe aeiaiai?u i?aaeoniao?eaatho io?aio eae “iiauo”, oae e “noa?uo”,
i?iecaaaeaiee, oi anoue aeaenoaotho n ia?aoiie neeie, ca eneeth/aieai
niaeaoaiey n Aano?eae, i?aaeinoaaeythuaai ia?aoioth neeo a i/aiue
ia?aie/aiiii iauaia.

Aicueiai aeey i?eia?a Niaeaoaiea iaaeaeo NNN? e Aieaa?eae i acaeiiie
io?aia aaoi?neeo i?aa, anooieaoaa a neeo n 1 yiaa?y 1975 aiaea. Noaouey
8 yoiai Niaeaoaiey aeaneo:

“Iiae aeaenoaea ianoiyuaai Niaeaoaiey iiaeiaaeaao eniieueciaaiea iinea
anooieaiey ianoiyuaai Niaeaoaiey a neeo oeacaiiuo a noaouea 2
i?iecaaaeaiee, a ioiioaiee eioi?uo ia enoaeee e iiiaioo eniieueciaaiey
n?iee, i?aaeoniio?aiiua noaoueae 3”.

Iiynith, /oi a niioaaonoaee ni noaoueyie 2 e 3 Niaeaoaiey, eaaeaeay
aeiaiaa?eaathuayny noi?iia iaycoaony io?aiyoue i?aaa a?aaeaeai ae?oaie
aeiaiaa?eaathuaeny noi?iiu e eo i?aaii?aaiieeia ia i?iecaaaeaiey
eeoa?aoo?u, iaoee e eneonnoaa, iacaaeneii io ianoa eo ia?aiai
iioaeeeiaaiey, i?aaeinoaaeyy ei iaoeeiiaeueiue ?aaeei. Io?aia
inouanoaeyaony a oa/aiea n?iea, onoaiiaeaiiiai aioo?aiiei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii aeiaiaa?eaathueony noi?ii, i?e yoii
aeiaiaa?eaathuayny noi?iia, aaea eno?aaoaony io?aia, ia iaycaia
iaania/eaaoue io?aio i?iecaaaeaiee a oa/aiea iniea, aieaa
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiiai, /ai n?ie io?aiu, onoaiiaeaiiue caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
ae?oaie aeiaiaa?eaathuaeny noi?iiu.

I?eioeei ia?aoiie neeu a aeaiiii niaeaoaiee noi?ioee?iaai aiieia
ii?aaeaeaiii: a aeiaiaa?eaathueony ainoaea?noaao aeieaeiu auoue
“iaeeaeaiu” ana “noa?ua” i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ua n iiiaioa anooieaiey
Niaeaoaiey a neeo e aei enoa/aiey n?ieia, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo noaoueae 3,
iiaeeaaeao io?aia ia oa??eoi?ee no?ai-o/anoieoe.

Ia ai anao iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ao i?eioeei eo aeaenoaey
noi?ioee?iaai aeinoaoi/ii /aoei, /oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
i?eniaaeeiythueiny no?aiai aeaaaoue aio ?acee/iua oieeiaaiey. ss?eei
i?eia?ii oaeiai iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai aeiaiai?a yaeyaony Aa?ineay Eiiaaioeey
ia io?aia eeoa?aoo?iuo e ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, caeeth/aiiay 9
naioya?y 1886 aiaea.

2. I?AAEEI IA IA?AOIII AeAENOAEE

AA?INEIE EIIAAIOeEE.

I?eioeeio io?aiu i?iecaaaeaiee, nouanoaothueo ia iiiaio i?eniaaeeiaiey
no?aiu eo i?ienoiaeaeaiey e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, ecaanoiiio eae
“i?aaeei, ia ia?aoiii aeaenoaee” iinayuaia noaouey 18 Eiiaaioeee,
eioi?ay onoaiaaeeaaao:

1. Ianoiyuay Eiiaaioeey i?eiaiyaony ei anai i?iecaaaeaieyi, eioi?ua e
iiiaioo anooieaiey aa a neeo ia noaee aua iauei aeinoiyieai a no?aia
i?ienoiaeaeaiey aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey n?iea io?aiu.

2. Iaeiaei anee aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey, ?aiaa i?aaeinoaaeaiiiai
i?iecaaaeaieth n?iea io?aiu, iii noaei oaea iauei aeinoiyieai a no?aia,
a eioi?ie eno?aaoaony io?aia, yoi i?iecaaaeaiea ia aoaeao aiiaue
iinoaaeaii iiae io?aio a yoie no?aia.

3. Oeacaiiue i?eioeei i?eiaiyaony a niioaaonoaee n iieiaeaieyie
niaoeeaeueiuo Eiiaaioeee, eioi?ua caeeth/aiu eee aoaeoo caeeth/aiu n
yoie oeaeueth iaaeaeo no?aiaie Nithca. I?e ionoonoaee oaeeo iieiaeaiee
niioaaonoaothuea no?ieiu ii?aaeaeytho – eaaeaeay aeey naay – oneiaey
i?eiaiaiey yoiai i?eioeeia.

4. I?aaeoanoaothuea iieiaeaiey i?eiaiythony oaeaea a neo/aa iiauo
i?eniaaeeiaiee e Nithco…

A ioieoa 1 ianoiyuae noaouee aiai?eony i i?iecaaaeaieyo, eioi?ua aua ia
ia?anoaee io?aiyoueny a “no?aia i?ienoiaeaeaiey”. I?e yoii no?aiie
i?ienoiaeaeaiey a niunea Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee n/eoaaony:

a) aeey i?iecaaaeaiee, aia?aua auiouaiiuo a naao a eaeie-eeai no?aia
Nithca, – yoa no?aia; aeey i?iecaaaeaiee, auiouaiiuo a naao
iaeiia?aiaiii a ianeieueeeo no?aiao Nithca, i?aaeinoaaeythueo ?acee/iua
n?iee io?aiu, – oa noi?iia, caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai eioi?ie onoaiaaeeaaao
naiue ei?ioeee n?ie io?aiu;

b) aeey i?iecaaaeaiee, ia auiouaiiuo a naao iaeiia?aiaiii a eaeie-eeai
no?aia, ia aoiaeyuae a Nithc e a iaeiie ec no?ai Nithca, – yoi
iineaaeiyy no?aia;

c) aeey i?iecaaaeaiee, ia auiouaiiuo a naao eee aeey i?iecaaaeaiee,
auiouaiiuo a naao a ia?aua a no?aia, ia aoiaeyuae a Nithc, aac
iaeiia?aiaiiiai auionea a naao a eaeie-eeai no?aia Nithca, – oa no?aia
Nithca, a?aaeaeaieiii eioi?ie yaeyaony aaoi?, i?e oneiaee, /oi

1. a ioiioaiee eeiaiaoia?aoe/aneeo i?iecaaaeaiee, ecaioiaeoaeue
eioi?uo eiaao naith ooaa-eaa?oe?o eee iau/iia ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa a
eaeie-eeai no?aia Nithca, no?aiie i?ienoiaeaeaiey yaeyaony yoa no?aia, e

2. a ioiioaiee i?iecaaaeaiee a?oeoaeoo?u, nii?oaeaiiuo a eaeie-eeai
no?aia Nithca eee ae?oaeo ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, yaeythueony
/anoueth caeaiey eee ae?oaiai nii?oaeaiey, ?aniieiaeaiiiai a eaeie-eeai
no?aia Nithca, no?aiie i?ienoiaeaeaiey yaeyaony yoa no?aia.

Yoi iauee i?eioeei Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, eioi?ue iaycuaaao aiiaue
anooieaoea a Nithc ainoaea?noaa io?aiyoue i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ui
i?aaeinoaaeyaony io?aia a no?aia eo i?ienoiaeaeaiey, ca eneeth/aieai
neo/aaa, eiaaea iie oaea noaee a no?aia i?ienoiaeaeaiey iauanoaaiiui
aeinoiyieai. Aeaiiay ii?ia aeieaeia i?eiaiyoueny ei anai i?iecaaaeaieyi,
oiiiyiooui a ioieoa 1 noaouee 18, iacaaeneii io oiai, io?aiyeenue ee iie
ia oa??eoi?ee no?aiu, aaea eno?aaoaony io?aia, eee iao. I?e yoii anee
oaeay io?aia ia i?aaeinoaaeyeanue, i?e/eia aa ionoonoaey ia eiaao
ieeaeiai cia/aiey. Aei a?aiaie Aa?eeineiai ia?aniio?a (1908 aiae) auei
ioia/aii, /oi ia?aoiae a noa?o iauanoaaiiiai aeinoiyiey aeieaeai auoue
?acoeueoaoii ieii/aiey n?iea io?aiu; n oao ii? noaei i?eiaiyoueny
i?aaeei “n?aaiaiey n?ieia”, i?aaeoniio?aiiia ioieoii 8 noaouee 7,
eioi?ue aeaneo:

8. A ethaii neo/aa n?ie ii?aaeaeyaony caeiiii no?aiu, a eioi?ie
eno?aaoaony io?aia; iaeiaei anee caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii yoie no?aiu ia
i?aaeoniio?aii eiia, yoio n?ie ia iiaeao auoue aieaa i?iaeieaeeoaeueiui,
/ai n?ie, onoaiiaeaiiue a no?aia i?ienoiaeaeaiey i?iecaaaeaiey.

A niioaaonoaee n yoie noaoueae, yaeythuaeny eneeth/aieai ec iauaai
i?eioeeia iaoeeiiaeueiiai ?aaeeia, ia?eiae i?aaeinoaaeyaiie io?aiu
ii?aaeaeyaony caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii no?aiu, aaea eni?aoeaaaony io?aia, ii
ii ia aeieaeai i?aauoaoue n?iea io?aiu, onoaiiaeaiiiai a no?aia
i?ienoiaeaeaiey. Iai?eia?, no?aia, iaaeaaii anooieaoay a Nithc, io?aiyao
i?iecaaaeaiey a oa/aiea 50-oe eao iinea nia?oe aaoi?a. A ioiioaieyo
iaaeaeo yoie no?aiie e oie, eioi?ay i?aaeinoaaeyao aieaa aeeeoaeueioth
io?aio, i?eiaiyaony iaiueoee n?ie. Iaeiaei yoi i?aaeei aeaenoaoao, anee
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii no?aiu, i?aaeinoaaeythuae io?aio, ia i?aaeoniio?ai
eiie ii?yaeie.

Eoae, ioieo 1 noaouee 18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee niaea?aee ynii au?aaeaiiue
i?eioeei ia?aoiie neeu aa aeaenoaey.

Iaeiaei ioieo 2 noaouee 18 niaea?aeeo nouanoaaiioth iaiai?eo e yoie
ii?ia: anee i?iecaaaeaiea, io?aiyaiia ii ioieoo 1, oaea oo?aoeei io?aio
“aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey ?aiaa i?aaeinoaaeaiiiai i?iecaaaeaieth n?ie
io?aiu” a no?aia, aaea oaeay io?aia eno?aaoaony, oi yoi i?iecaaaeaiea ia
aoaeao aiiaue io?aiyoueny ia oa??eoi?ee yoie no?aiu. Eiuie neiaaie,
Aa?ineay Eiiaaioeey cai?auaao aica?auaiea i?iecaaaeaiee, eioi?ua noaee
iauanoaaiiui aeinoiyieai, a noa?o /anoiiai i?aaa, aiiaue i?aaeinoaaeyy
ei io?aio.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi, a ioee/ea io anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee ia
aaoi?neii i?aaa, eioi?ia aac?acee/ii, ii/aio i?iecaaaeaiea ia?aoei a
noa?o iauaai aeinoiyiey, Aa?ineay Eiiaaioeey aeoeaioe?oao aieiaiea ia
i?e/eia, ii eioi?ie io?aia i?ae?aoeeanue. Yoie i?e/eiie ia iiaeao auoue,
iai?eia?, ianiaethaeaiea oi?iaeueiinoae, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey io?aiu, eee
oi, /oi io?aia “ieeiaaea ia nouanoaiaaea” a no?aia, aaea oaeay io?aia
eni?aoeaaaony. Ai a?aiy Aa?eeineiai ia?aniio?a a aeieeaaea Eiieoaoa
niaoeeaeueii auei ioia/aii, /oi no?aiu, aiiaue i?eniaaeeiythueany e
Eiiaaioeee, ia iiaoo “cayaeoue, /oi i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ua ieeiaaea
?aiaa ia io?aiyeenue ia eo oa??eoi?ee, i?eciathony ia?aoaaeoeie a
iauanoaaiiia aeinoiyiea”.

Eiiiaioe?oy iieiaeaiey noaouee 18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, o/aiua aaeeiu a
naiai iiaiee: “Aa?ineay Eiioa?aioeey i?yii au?aaeaiiui ia?acii
i?aaeoniao?eaaao ia?aoioth neeo aeaenoaey Eiiaaioeee, ia?aie/eaay aa
n?ieii aaoi?neiai i?aaa”.

Ioieoii 3 noaouee 18 no?aiai-/eaiai Aa?ineiai Nithca i?aaeinoaaeaia
aiciiaeiinoue o?aaoee?iaaiey i?eiaiaiey i?eioeeia ia?aoiie neeu e
eneeth/aiee ec yoiai i?eioeeia a niaoeeaeueiuo Eiiaaioeeyo, eioi?ua
“caeeth/aiu eee aoaeoo caeeth/aiu” iaaeaeo o/anoieeaie Eiiaaioeee. Oaeia
?aoaiea auei i?eiyoi i?e ?ac?aaioea oaenoa Eiiaaioeee, oae eae auei,
i/aaeaeii, /oi i?eiaiaiea i?eioeeia ia?aoiie neeu iiaeao aucaaoue
ii?aaeaeaiiua cao?oaeiaiey. Aiineaaenoaee, ia Ia?eaeneie Eiioa?aioeee
1896 aiaea iaeioi?ua o/anoieee Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee auaeaeioee
i?aaeeiaeaiea i niyoee iaiai?ee i niaoeeaeueiuo Eiiaaioeeyo, iainiiauaay
yoi oai, /oi n iiiaioa anooieaiey a neeo Eiiaaioeee i?ioei aeinoaoi/ii
a?aiaie aeey oiai, /oiau o?aaoee?iaaoue ioiioaiey ii i?eiaiaieth
i?eioeeia ia?aoiie neeu. Iaeiaei oaeia i?aaeeiaeaiea ia iieo/eei
iiaeaea?aeee io ae?oaeo aeaeaaaoeee. Aunooiay i?ioea oaeiai ?aoaiey,
/eaiu yoeo aeaeaaaoeee iiae/a?eeaaee, /oi iii iiaeao iineoaeeoue
i?e/eiie ia?ooaiey i?aa eeoe, caeiiii eniieueciaaaoeo eiino?aiiua
i?iecaaaeaiey aac ?ac?aoaiey aaoi?ia a oi a?aiy, eiaaea iie iaoiaeeeenue
a noa?a iauaai aeinoiyiey. Eiaiii iiyoiio ?ac?aaio/eee i?iaeoa i?eciaee,
/oi o aiiaue i?eniaaeeiythueony no?ai, eae e o ainoaea?noa,
o/anoaothueo, a Eiiaaioeee n iiiaioa aa caeeth/aiey, iiaeao aicieeiooue
iaiaoiaeeiinoue a i?eiyoee ia?aoiaeiuo ia?. Inoaaea iieiaeaiey ioieoa 3
noaouee 18 iaeciaiiuie. Eiieoao aeiaaaee ioieo 4 a noaoueth 18,
iiaeoaa?aeaeathuee, /oi ioieou 1,2,3 “i?eiaiythony oaeaea a neo/aa iiauo
i?eniaaeeiaiee e Nithco”.

Ii iiaieth iaeioi?uo niaoeeaeenoia, neaaeoao n/eoaoue, “/oi iiae iiiyoey
oaeeo niaoeeaeueiuo Eiiaaioeee iiaeiaaeatho oaeaea oa, eioi?ua auee
caeeth/aiu iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie no?aiaie, aeaaea anee iaeioi?ua ec eo
o/anoieeia eee aeaaea iaeioi?ua o/anoieee ai a?aiy caeeth/aiey oaeie
niaoeeaeueiie Eiiaaioeee ia auee /eaiaie Aa?ineiai nithca, a anooiatho a
yoio nithc iicaeiaa”. A nayce n yoei a eeoa?aoo?a ioia/aeinue, /oi e
oaeei niaoeeaeueiui Eiiaaioeeyi neaaeoao ioianoe e Anaie?ioth
Eiiaaioeeth ia aaoi?neii i?aaa, eioi?ay eneeth/aao io?aio i?iecaaaeaiee,
iaoiaeyueony a iauanoaaiiii aeinoiyiee a no?aia, aaea i?aaeuyaeyaony
o?aaiaaiea ia io?aia.

A neo/aa ionoonoaey niaoeeaeueiuo niaeaoaiee eaaeaeay no?aia iiaeao
naiinoiyoaeueii ii?aaeaeyoue oneiaey i?eiaiaiey oeacaiiiai i?eioeeia. A
eiiiaioa?ee e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ioia/aaony, /oi ia?aoiia aeaenoaea
iiaeao i?eia?anoe aieueoia cia/aiea a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea a Nithc
anooiaao iiaay no?aia, a nayce n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth i?aaeinoaaeyoue
io?aio iiiaeanoao eiino?aiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, iaoiaeyueony a noa?a iauaai
aeinoiyiey ii ethaui eiui iniiaaieyi, e?iia enoa/aiey n?iea io?aiu. A
yoie neooaoeee iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue yeiiiie/aneea iineaaenoaey,
eioi?ua iiaoo ianooieoue aeey eeoe, ?aiaa eniieueciaaaoeo i?iecaaaeaiey
naiaiaeii, oae eae a neo/aa iieiiai niaethaeaiey i?eioeeia ia?aoiie
neeu, aaoi?u iieo/ao eneeth/eoaeueiua i?aaa eiio?iey iaae ia
io?aiyaoeieny ?aiaa i?iecaaaeaieyie. Eiaiii aeey yoiai eaaeaeie
i?eniaaeeiythuaeny no?aia i?aaeinoaaeaia ii?aaeaeaiiay naiaiaea a
i?eiaiaiee oeacaiiiai i?eioeeia. Ainoaea?noai iiaeao naii ii?aaeaeyoue,
eaeea ia?aie/aiey nouanoaotho aeey oaeiai ia?aoiiai aeaenoaey iooai
aeeth/aiey niioaaonoaothueo iieiaeaiee a naia aioo?aiiaa
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai, a oaeaea iaycuaay noaeu a neo/aa noaeaaiiai
?acae?aoaeuenoaa o/eouaaoue ?aiaa i?eia?aoaiiua i?aaa.

Iaeiaei iaiaoiaeeii aeoeaioe?iaaoue aieiaiea ia oii, /oi, oioy
i?eniaaeeiythueiny ainoaea?noaai e i?aaeinoaaeaia ii?aaeaeaiiay naiaiaea
cae?aieaiey iniauo oneiaee i i?eiaiaiee i?eioeeia ia?aoiie neeu a
niaoeeaeueiuo Eiiaaioeeyo e naiai iaoeeiiaeueiii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, yoi
ia icia/aao iieiiai io?eoeaiey i?eioeeia ia?aoiiai aeaenoaey. Oae eae
yoe oneiaey iiaoo iaiaa?eaaoueny eeoue i?e iai?aiaiiii niaethaeaiee ii?i
ioieoia 1 e 2 noaouee 18.

Iiaaeoea eiiiaioa?ee ca?oaaaeiuo niaoeeaeenoia niaea?aeao i/aiue e?aoeee
aiaeec noaouee 18 Eiiaaioeee. A iaeiii ec ieo ooaa?aeaeaaony, /oi nae/an
noaouey 18 nio?aiyao naia cia/aiea oieueei a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea e
Aa?ineiio Nithco i?eniaaeeiyaony iiaay no?aia. A yoii neo/aa
i?iecaaaeaiey, no?aiie i?ienoiaeaeaiey eioi?uo yaeyaony /eai Aa?ineiai
Nithca, e eioi?ua aei yoiai iaoiaeeeenue a noa?a iauanoaaiiiai
aeinoiyiey ai aiiaue i?eniaaeeiythuaeny no?aia, io?aiyaony a
niioaaonoaee n Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeeae n iiiaioa anooieaiey i?eniaaeeiaiey
a neeo. Iaeiaei yoi ?ani?ino?aiyaony eeoue ia i?iecaaaeaiey, ia iiiaaoea
a noa?o iauaai aeinoiyiey a ?acoeueoaoa enoa/aiey n?iea io?aiu a no?aia
eo i?ienoiaeaeaiey. I?e yoii, aeaeay auaiae i aaconeiaiii i?eiaiaiee
i?eioeeia ia?aoiie neeu ii Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, aaoi?u eiiiaioa?ey
iaiaa?eaathony, /oi “yoe iieiaeaiey ia oae yniu, eae iiaeao iieacaoueny
ia ia?aue acaeyae”.

Ae?oaea aaoi?u iaiaa eaoaai?e/iu. ?anniao?eaay ia iiaeeaaeauaa ?aiaa
niiiaieth e ianoaeaeaieth i?aaeea ia ia?aoiii aeaenoaee Eiiaaioeee, iie
aeaeatho auaiae, /oi, aeaaea a neo/aa i?eiaiaiey oao eee eiuo iaiai?ie e
oneiaee, “iaeuecy iieiinoueth io?eoeaoue i?eiaiaiea i?eioeeia ia?aoiie
neeu a ioiioaiee ii?aaeaeaiiuo eaoaai?ee i?iecaaaeaiee”. I?e yoii,
?anniao?eaay aii?in i iiauo i?eniaaeeiaieyo e Eiiaaioeee, i?eciaaony,
/oi “i?eiaiaiea ioieoa 2 iiaeao ieacaoueny aieaa i?iaeaiaoe/iui”. Ia
i?aeoeea oae iii e iieo/eeinue, oae eae iiyaeeanue aiciiaeiinoue
enoieeiaaiey noaouee 18 ia a aeooa Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, /oi iicaieeei
NOA e ?innee ia?ooeoue ana o?aaeeoeee e i?eniaaeeieoueny e Eiiaaioeee
aac ia?aoiie neeu.

3. I?ENIAAeEIAIEA E AA?INEIE

EIIAAIOeEE AAC IA?AOIIE NEEU.

IIUO NOA.

Ia i?ioyaeaiee 80-oe eao n iiiaioa, eiaaea noaouey 18 Aa?ineie
Eiiaaioeee auea ieii/aoaeueii noi?ioee?iaaia, iia aaeeiiaeooii
?anniao?eaaeanue, eae iaycuaathuay io?aiyoue “noa?ua” eiino?aiiua
i?iecaaaeaiey. Ia?aie no?aiie, eioi?ay eia/a enoieeiaaea yoio aaeiaie
i?eioeei, noaee NOA, i?eniaaeeieaoeany e Eiiaaioeee 1 ia?oa 1989 aiaea.
Anooiay a Aa?ineee Nithc, NOA i?aaeaa?eoaeueii cayaeee a naiai
aioo?aiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, /oi iie ia aoaeoo i?aaeinoaaeyoue io?aio
i?iecaaaeaieyi eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia n ia?aoiie neeie. Noaouey 12
anooieaoaai a neeo Caeiia ia eciaiaiee ?acaeaea 17 Naiaea Caeiiia NOA ii
i?eiaiaieth Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ia io?aia eeoa?aoo?iuo e
ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee a Ia?eaeneie ?aaeaeoeee io 24 ethey 1971
aiaea (Caeii ? 100-568 io 31 ieoya?y 1988 aiaea) aeaneo:

“?acaeae 17 Naiaea Caeiiia NOA a ?aaeaeoeee ianoiyuaai Caeiia ia
i?aaeinoaaeyao aaoi?nei-i?aaiaie io?aiu eaeei-eeai i?iecaaaeaieyi,
iaoiaeyueiny a iauanoaaiiii aeinoiyiee NOA”. Oaeei ia?acii, NOA,
i?eniaaeeiyynue e Eiiaaioeee, ainiieueciaaeenue ii?iie ioieoa 2 noaouee
18, enoieeiaaa aa eae ?ani?ino?aiythuoth naia aeaenoaea ia ethaua, ia
io?aiyaiua i?iecaaaeaiey. Oi anoue, anee eiino?aiiia i?iecaaaeaiea ia 28
oaa?aey 1989 aiaea ia iieueciaaeinue io?aiie a NOA, oi iii ia aoaeao
io?aiyoueny iiaui Caeiiii, a eioi?ue o?ainoi?ie?iaaiu iieiaeaiey
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee.

Eaeiai aea th?eaee/aneia iainiiaaiea oaeiai enoieeiaaiey “i?aaeea ia
ia?aoiii aeaenoaee”? I?aaeaea, /ai ia?aoeoueny e ?anniio?aieth oiaea
?annoaeaeaiee aia?eeaineeo niaoeeaeenoia, iaiaoiaeeii auynieoue ii eaeei
i?e/eiai oi eee eiia i?iecaaaeaiea ia?anoaei io?aiyoueny, iiiaa a noa?o
iauaai aeinoiyiey. Aieueoeinoai niaoeeaeenoia, eco/aaoeo yoio aii?in,
ia?aie/eeenue aeaeaieai anao i?iecaaaeaiee, iaoiaeyueony a iauanoaaiiii
aeinoiyiee, ia aeaa a?oiiu:

1. i?iecaaaeaiey, aieaa ia io?aiyaiua ii i?e/eia ianiaethaeaiey
ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaee e oi?iaeueiinoae;

2. i?iecaaaeaiey, iiiaaoea a noa?o iauaai aeinoiyiey a ?acoeueoaoa
enoa/aiey iaueo n?ieia io?aiu.

Eeoue iaeioi?uie i?aaiaaaeaie enneaaeiaaeenue i?e/eiu, ii eioi?ui n?ie
i?aaeinoaaeyaiie io?aiu enoae, a aaaeue eiaiii caeanue e e?iaony
aiciiaeiinoue iao?aaeeoeeiiiiai oieeiaaiey noaouee 18 Aa?ineie
Eiiaaioeee. Aeey oiai /oiau auynieoue, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai i?iecaaaeaiey
aoi?ie a?oiiu noaee ia io?aiyaiuie, iaiaoiaeeii ?anniio?aoue i?iaeaio
i?aaeinoaaeaiey io?aiu iaiioaeeeiaaiiui i?iecaaaeaieyi. Iaoeeiiaeueiua
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ii-?aciiio ii?aaeaeytho noaeueao eiino?aiiuo
iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, ii aieueoeinoai no?ai oaeea
i?iecaaaeaiey io?aiytho.

Anee iaiioaeeeiaaiiua i?iecaaaeaiey eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia iiaeeaaeao
caueoa, oi iie io?aiythony a oa/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai n?iea, eioi?ue ?aii
eee iicaeii enoaeaao. *oi aea yaeyaony i?e/eiie enoa/aiey yoiai n?iea?
TH?eaee/aneei i?aaii?ae?auathuei oaeoii iiaeao auoue eae niauoea
(iai?eia?, enoa/aiea 30-oeeaoiaai n?iea io?aiu ianei nia?oe aaoi?a), oae
e aeaenoaey. Oaeei aeaenoaeai yaeyaony iioaeeeiaaiea eiino?aiiiai
i?iecaaaeaiey a no?aia, ia naycaiiie n ae?oaie no?aiie eaeei-eeai
iaaeaeoia?iaeiui aeiaiai?ii ii aaoi?neiio i?aao. Ianiiiaiii, i?ae?auaiea
io?aiu ii yoie i?e/eia icia/aao ia?aoiae i?iecaaaeaiey a noa?o iauaai
aeinoiyiey aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey n?iea ?aiaa i?aaeinoaaeyaoaeny io?aiu,
eioi?ia ia iiaeeaaeeo “iaeeaeaieth” a niioaaonoaee n ioieoii 2 noaouee
18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee.

Aiciiaeiinoue oaeie eioa?i?aoaoeee ioieoa 2 noaouee 18 auea iaia?oaeaia
aua a 1978 aiaeo ia canaaeaiee a?oiiu eiinoeueoaioia, nicaeaiiie
Anaie?iie I?aaiecaoeeae Eioaeeaeooaeueiie Nianoaaiiinoe aeey “eco/aiey
aii?ina i niioaaonoaee caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa NOA iieiaeaieyi Aa?ineie
Eiiaaioeee…”. Auei ioia/aii, /oi ia 1 yiaa?y 1978 aiaea (aeaoa
anooieaiey a neeo iiaiai Caeiia ia aaoi?neii i?aaa NOA) ana
iaiioaeeeiaaiiua i?iecaaaeaiey io?aiyeenue a NOA ii iauaio i?aao,
iacaaeneii io a?aaeaeainoaa aaoi?a. I?e yoii i?aaeinoaaeaiiue oaeei
i?iecaaaeaieyi n?ie io?aiu iiiaioaeueii “enoaeae”, anee i?iecaaaeaiea
auei iioaeeeiaaii aac ciaea io?aiu, aac niaethaeaiey iaiai?ee ia
ecaioiaeaiee eiiee i?iecaaaeaiey a NOA, a oaeaea, anee aai aaoi?ii aue
eiino?aiaoe, ioaeeeaoeey ninoiyeanue a no?aia, ia naycaiiie n NOA
niaeaoaieai eee acaeiiinoueth. Aue naeaeai auaiae, /oi a niioaaonoaee n
yoie oai?eae i?eiaiaiea i?eioeeia ia?aoiie neeu ia o?aaoao
ainnoaiiaeaiey io?aiu aeey ethauo i?iecaaaeaiee, iiiaaoeo a NOA a noa?o
iauanoaaiiiai aeinoiyiey. Aieueoeinoai eiinoeueoaioia n/eoaee, /oi, anee
NOA eiaiii oaeei ia?acii enoieeoth ioieo 2 noaouee 18, oi ieeaeiai
ianiioaaonoaey iaaeaeo aeaenoaothuei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii NOA e Aa?ineie
Eiiaaioeeae a ioiioaiee ia?aoiie neeu ia aoaeao.

Oaeay aea iiceoeey auea caiyoa Aaaeiinoaii NOA ii aaoi?neei i?aaai e e
i?aaenoaaeoaeyie Niaoeeaeueiie ?aai/ae a?oiiu ii iiaeaioiaea
i?eniaaeeiaiey NOA e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee. Iie ioia/aee a naiai
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiii e caeeth/eoaeueiii aeieeaaeao, /oi “noaouey 18 ioieo 2
eneeth/aao io?aio i?iecaaaeaiee, iiiaaoeo a noa?o iauaai aeinoiyiey a
no?aia, aaea eni?aoeaaaony io?aia, aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey n?iea ?aiaa
i?aaeinoaaeyaiie io?aiu”. Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi Caeiiii ia iauai
ia?aniio?a aaoi?neiai i?aaa, ?acaeaeii 17 Naiaea Caeiiia NOA e ae?oaeie
aii?inaie 1976 aiaea, auea nouanoaaiii noaeaia, noa?a aeaenoaey iauaai
i?aaa. Noaoooiui i?aaii auea oaeaea i?aaeinoaaeaia io?aia
iaiioaeeeiaaiiui i?iecaaaeaieyi iacaaeneii io a?aaeaeainoaa eee
aeiieoeeeey aaoi?a (noaouey 104 a). Yoi icia/aao, /oi i?aaeiea
?annoaeaeaiey aia?eeaineeo niaoeeaeenoia nio?aiytho naia cia/aiea e
i?eiaieiu ia iiiaio anooieaiey NOA a Aa?ineoth Eiiaaioeeth.

Anoanoaaiii, /oi iiceoeey, caiyoay caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii NOA, ia iiaea ia
aucaaoue ?aaeoeee iaiaeia?aiey, iaeiaei eo e?eoeea iineea aeinoaoi/ii
oia?aiiue oa?aeoa?. Niaoeeaeenou ioia/aee, /oi cae?aieaiea oaeiai
iieiaeaiey ai aioo?aiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa NOA i?ioeai?a/eo eioa?anai
ae?oaeo no?ai-o/anoieoe, iaycaiiuo io?aiyoue aia?eeaineea i?iecaaaeaiey
n ia?aoiie neeie. I?e yoii oeacuaaeinue, /oi yoi iiaeao io?aceoueny ia
?aoaiee noaeia i?e ?anniio?aiee aeae a ioiioaiee “noa?uo” aia?eeaineeo
i?iecaaaeaiee. I?aaiaaaeaie, iaeiaei, au?aaeaeanue iaaeaaeaea ia oi, /oi
noaeu NOA aoaeoo no?aieoueny e ?ac?aoaieth aeae a aeooa eiiaaioeeiiiiai
i?aaa.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi oaeia oieeiaaiea noaouee 18 ia aucaaei
ioaaoiie ?aaeoeee ni noi?iiu ae?oaeo /eaiia Aa?ineiai Nithca, oioy
aiciiaeiinoue oaeie ?aaeoeee e i?aaeoniio?aia noaoueae 33 Aa?ineie
Eiiaaioeee. Ii iiaieth niaoeeaeenoia, iaeiie ec i?e/ei oaeiai iie/aiey
yaeeinue oi, /oi aei i?eniaaeeiaiey e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, NOA
o/anoaiaaee ai Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee ia aaoi?neii i?aaa, eioi?ay iiaeao
?anniao?eaaoueny eae niaoeeaeueiay eiiaaioeey a niunea ioieoa 3 noaouee
18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, cia/eoaeueii iaeaa/eei i?eiyoea caiyoie NOA
iiceoeee.

NOA, i?eniaaeeiyynue e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, oi?ioi iniciaaaee, /oi, ia
niaethaeay iieiinoueth aaaeiaeoee i?eioeei Eiiaaioeee – i?eioeei
acaeiiinoe a i?aaeinoaaeaiee io?aiu aaoi?neeo i?aa – nicaeaee oa?ico
aicieeiiaaiey-aeene?eieiaoeee a ioiioaiee “aeieiiaaioeeiiiuo”
aia?eeaineeo i?iecaaaeaiee, iniaaiii eeiaiaoia?aoe/aneeo i?iecaaaeaiee,
iaania/aiea io?aiu eioi?uo auei iniiaiie oeaeueth o/anoey NOA a Aa?ineii
Nithca. I?e/ai, anee a iaeioi?uo no?aiao-o/anoieoeao yoi iiaeao
io?aceoueny eeoue ia i?eieiaaiuo noaeaaiuo ?aoaieyo, oi ae?oaea iiaoo
i?eaanoe aiaeiae/ioth NOA iioeaaoeeth (eae oaea oiiieiaeinue, iiiaea
no?aiu, eae e NOA, io?aiytho iaiioaeeeiaaiiua i?iecaaaeaiey iacaaeneii
io a?aaeaeainoaa e ianoiiaoiaeaeaiey aaoi?a) e cayaeoue, /oi iie ia
aoaeoo io?aiyoue “noa?ua” i?iecaaaeaiey aia?eeaineeo aaoi?ia. A aiiaue
i?eniaaeeiythueany no?aiu, neaaeoy iiuoo NOA, iiaoo aiiaua ia i?eiaiyoue
ia?aoiie neeu. Eiaiii iiyoiio NOA no?aieony e caeeth/aieth
aeiiieieoaeueiuo niaeaoaiee n aiiaue i?eniaaeeiythueieny no?aiaie,
iiaeoaa?aeaeathueo i?aaeinoaaeaiea io?aiu “noa?ui” aia?eeaineei
i?iecaaaeaieyi, eae yoi auei n Eeoaai (/eaiii Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee n 15
ieoya?y 1992 aiaea), n eioi?ui NOA caeeth/eee Iaii?aiaeoi
Acaeiiiiieiaiey ii aii?inai caueou eioaeeaeooaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe aua a
yiaa?a 1992 aiaea.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi NOA i?e anooieaiee a Aa?ineoth Eiiaaioeeth ia
?ac cayaeyee, /oi iie i?eaeatho i?eioeeio ia?aoiie neeu aieueoia
cia/aiea e aa?ioony e ?anniio?aieth yoiai aii?ina iicaeiaa, /oi iie e
naeaeaee. Auea nicaaia a?oiia niaoeeaeenoia ii aaoi?neiio i?aao aeey
i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee ii aii?inai, naycaiiui n ia?aoiie neeie.
Oeaeue ?aaiou yoie a?oiiu – eco/aiea aiciiaeiinoe aianaiey
niioaaonoaothueo eciaiaiee e aeiiieiaiee a Caeii ia aaoi?neii i?aaa NOA,
eioi?ua iiaee au iaania/eoue i?aaeinoaaeaiea io?aiu a niioaaonoaee n
o?aaiaaieyie noaouee 18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee. O/eouaay eiinoeoooeeiiiua,
yeiiiie/aneea e eiua oaeoi?u, niaoeeaeenou iiiuoathony ii?aaeaeeoue, i?e
eaeeo oneiaeyo e eaeei ia?acii iiaoo auoue “iaeeaeaiu” i?iecaaaeaiey,
iaoiaeyueany a noa?a iauanoaaiiiai aeinoiyiey. Oaeaea aoaeoo
i?iaiaeece?iaaiu aiciiaeiua iineaaenoaey, eioi?ua iiaeao iiaea/ue ca
niaie i?aaeinoaaeaiea io?aiu oaeei i?iecaaaeaieyi aeey /anoiuo eeoe e
eiiiaiee, naiaiaeii eniieueciaaaoeo eo i?aaeaea.

I?eieiay ai aieiaiea, /oi iai?aaenoaaeaiea io?aiu n ia?aoiie neeie
iiaeao noaoue aa?uea?ii a iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo oi?aiauo e eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
ioiioaieyo, /oi io?aceony ia aia?eeaineie yeiiiieea, e iniaaiii ia aa
eeiieiaeono?ee, NOA caeeth/eee 7 ieoya?y 1992 aiaea n Eaiaaeie e
Iaeneeie Naaa?iaia?eeaineia niaeaoaiea i naiaiaeiie oi?aiaea, eioi?ia
anooieei a neeo n 1 yiaa?y 1994 aiaea. Ii yoiio Niaeaoaieth NOA
iaycaeenue i?aaeinoaaeoue io?aio ecaioiaeaiiui a Eaiaaea e Iaeneea,
ooaeiaeanoaaiiui oeeueiai, eioi?ua noaee iauei aeinoiyieai a
niioaaonoaee n ia?aa?aoii 405 ?acaeaea 17 Naiaea Caeiiia NOA
(ionoonoaea ciaea io?aiu) aei 1989 aiaea. Ia iiaeeaaeeo niiiaieth, /oi
i?eiyoia ?aoaiea yaeyaony i/aiue aaaeiui i?aoeaaeaioii aeey
i?aaeinoaaeaiey io?aiu n ia?aoiie neeie eiino?aiiui i?iecaaaeaieyi ia
iniiaa iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia.

Eoae, ?anniio?aa iiuo NOA, iu oaaaeeeenue, /oi nouanoaoao aiciiaeiinoue
i?eniaaeeiaiey e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee aac ia?aoiie neeu, enoieeiaaa ii?io
noaouee 18 eia/a, /ai yoi aeaeaeinue ?aiaa.

4. I?ENIAAeEIAIEA ?INNEE

E AA?INEIE EIIAAIOeEE.

A oa/aiea iiiaeo eao Niaaoneee Nithc, a iioii e ?inney, ia iiaee noaoue
o/anoieeaie Aa?ineiai Nithca a neeo ianiioaaonoaey i?aaeinoaaeyaiie ii
iaoeeiiaeueiiio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao io?aiu i?iecaaaeaieyi “o?iaith
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee”.

Ii, ianiio?y ia oi, /oi Caeii, i?eiyoea eioi?iai iicaieeei au
i?eniaaeeieoueny e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, anooiee a neeo oieueei 3 aaaonoa
1993 aiaea, iaeioi?uie i?aaiaaaeaie oaea a 1992 aiaeo iiaeieiaeny aii?in
i niiniaa aiciiaeiiai i?eniaaeeiaiey ?innee. A /anoiinoe, iaeei ec ieo
ioia/ae, /oi noaouey 18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ia niaea?aeeo iaycaoaeuenoaa
iaania/aiey io?aiu n ia?aoiie neeie, e, iiyoiio ia eneeth/aii, /oi
?inneeneay oaaea?aoeey i?e i?eniaaeeiaiee e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee au?aceo
eiaiii oaeoth oi/eo c?aiey. Iicaeiaa yoei aea niaoeeaeenoii ia ?ac
auneacuaaeinue iiaiea i iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?eniaaeeiaiey ?innee e
Eiiaaioeee aac ia?aoiie neeu, /oi “aeey ?innee, aeey ?inneeneeo
i?aaiecaoeee, eniieuecothueo eiino?aiiua i?iecaaaeaiey” ieacaeinue au
“iaeaieaa auaiaeiui e aacaieaciaiiui, iniaaiii a oa/aiea ia?auo eao
iinea i?eniaaeeiaiey”.

13 ia?oa 1995 aiaea i?iecioei aeieaiaeaeaiiia niauoea – ?inney iaeiiaoe
noaea iieiii?aaiie o/anoieoeae Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ia io?aia
eeoa?aoo?iuo e ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee. I?e iiaea/a
aeeieiiaoe/aneie iiou i i?eniaaeeiaiee ?inney oaaaeiieea ae?oaeo
o/anoieeia Eiiaaioeee i oii, /oi “aeaenoaea Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ia
?ani?ino?aiyaony ia i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ua ia aeaoo anooieaiey yoie
Eiiaaioeee a neeo aeey ?inneeneie oaaea?aoeee oaea yaeythony ia aa
oa??eoi?ee iauanoaaiiui aeinoiyieai”.

A niioaaonoaee ni noaoueae 28 Caeiia ?O “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo
i?aaao” i?iecaaaeaiea ia?anoaao io?aiyoueny, e ia?aoiaeeo a iauanoaaiiia
aeinoiyiea, a ?acoeueoaoa enoa/aiey n?iea aeaenoaey aaoi?neiai i?aaa.
Eae, oaea ?aiaa ioia/aeinue, a neo/aa, anee no?aia i?aaeinoaaeyao io?aio
iaiioaeeeiaaiiui i?iecaaaeaieyi eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia, n?ie io?aiu
enoaeaao ia iiiaio iioaeeeiaaiey yoiai i?iecaaaeaiey a no?aia, ia
naycaiiie n iae eaeei-eeai niaeaoaieai ia io?aia aaoi?neeo i?aa.

?anniio?ei, eae a ?innee ?aoaaony noaeueaa eiino?aiiuo iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo
i?iecaaaeaiee.

Niaeanii noaouea 5 Caeiia “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao”, io?aia
ii aaoi?neiio i?aao i?aaeinoaaeyaony iaiioaeeeiaaiiui i?iecaaaeaieyi
eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia neaaeothuei ia?acii:

– anee iie iaoiaeyony a eaeie-eeai iauaeoeaiie oi?ia ia oa??eoi?ee
?innee, oi iie io?aiythony ii ?inneeneiio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao ai anao
neo/ayo;

– anee iie iaoiaeyony a eaeie-eeai iauaeoeaiie oi?ia ca i?aaeaeaie
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, oi iieo/atho io?aio ia iniiaa iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
aeiaiai?ia.

*oi eanaaony ia?aie a?oiiu iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, auaeaeaiiie
caeiiiaeaoaeai, caeanue neooaoeey aiieia iiiyoia: iaiioaeeeiaaiiua
eiino?aiiua i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ua iaoiaeyony ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee,
io?aiythony ii ?inneeneiio aaoi?neiio i?aao. Iineieueeo naii
i?iecaaaeaiea a ii?aaeaeaiiie iaoa?eaeueiie oi?ia iaoiaeeony ia
?inneeneie oa??eoi?ee, ana i?ioeaii?aaiua aeaenoaey a ioiioaiee yoiai
i?iecaaaeaiey (iai?eia?, iaia?iaeiaaiea aac niaeaney aaoi?a, ieaaeao,
ia?a?aaioea e i?.) oaeaea iiaoo eiaoue ianoi ia aa oa??eoi?ee, e,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, iiiaaeatho iiae ?inneeneoth th?enaeeeoeeth. Io?aia,
i?aaeinoaaeaiiay oaeiio i?iecaaaeaieth, iineo oneiaiue oa?aeoa?, oae eae
iia iinoaaeaia a caaeneiinoue io ianoa iineaaeothuaai iioaeeeiaaiey. A
neo/aa anee ioaeeeaoeey aoaeao eiaoue ianoi a ?innee, iii aoaeao
i?iaeieaeaoue iaoiaeeoueny iiae io?aiie. Anee aea iii aoaeao
iaia?iaeiaaii ca ?oaaaeii, oaeia i?iecaaaeaiea ?inneeneei aaoi?neea
i?aaii io?aiyoueny ia aoaeao aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey n?iea
i?aaeinoaaeyaiie io?aiu. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iinea i?eniaaeeiaiey ?innee e
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, a neo/aa, anee aei 13 ia?oa 1995 aiaea oaeia
i?iecaaaeaiea auei aia?aua iioaeeeiaaii ca ?oaaaeii e aneaaenoaea yoiai
oo?aoeei i?aaiaoth io?aio, ?inney, niaeanii ioieoo 2 noaouee 18 Aa?ineie
Eiiaaioeee, ia iaycaia aiiaue noaaeoue yoi i?iecaaaeaiea iiae io?aio.

Aii?in aea a ioiioaiee iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee eiino?aiiuo
aaoi?ia, iaoiaeyueony a eaeie-eeai iaoa?eaeueiie oi?ia ca ?oaaaeii,
e?aeia neiaeai. ?inneeneei Caeiiii i?aaeoniio?aii, /oi io?aia oaeei
i?iecaaaeaieyi i?aaeinoaaeyaony eeoue ia iniiaaiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
aeiaiai?ia. Anee i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi Caeii aaeaeaaoii io?aaeaao
?inneeneith i?aeoeeo io?aiu iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee eiino?aioeaa,
oi ana eiino?aiiua i?iecaaaeaiey, iaoiaeyueany a iauaeoeaiie oi?ia ca
?oaaaeii, iacaaeneii io oiai, auee ee iie iaia?iaeiaaiu eee iao aei 13
ia?oa 1995 aiaea, iiaeeaaeao io?aia ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee n yoie aeaou.
E, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ae?oaea /eaiu Aa?ineiai Nithca iiaee au auaeaeiooue
ni?aaaaeeeaua aic?aaeaiey i?ioea o/anoey ?innee a Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee
aac ia?aoiie neeu.

Caiyoay ?inneeneei caeiiiaeaoaeai iiceoeey a ioiioaiee io?aiu
eiino?aiiuo iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee auea iiaeaa?aiooa e?eoeea
niaoeeaeenoaie, eioi?ua oeacuaaee ia oi, /oi iia neoaeeo enoi/ieeii
aicieeiiaaiey iiiaeanoaa i?iaeai ia i?aeoeea. Iai?eia?, aoaeao ee
io?aiyoueny i?iecaaaeaiea, iaeei yecaiiey? eioi?iai iaoiaeeony ca
a?aieoeae, a ae?oaie – ia ?inneeneie oa??eoi?ee? Eee, n eaeiai iiiaioa
iiaeeaaeao io?aia nicaeaiiua ca ?oaaaeii i?iecaaaeaiey: n iiiaioa
nicaeaiey eaee n iiiaioa ia?ana/aiey a?aieoeu?

Ia iineaaeiee aii?in i?aeoeea, i?e/ai oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiiay aeaao
neaaeothuee ioaao: eiaaea iaiioaeeeiaaiiia i?iecaaaeaiea eiino?aiiiai
aaoi?a iiiaaeaao ia oa??eoi?eth ?innee, iii iiaeeaaeeo io?aia ii
?inneeneiio aaoi?neiio i?aao n iiiaioa aai nicaeaiey. E, oioy iiaeoiae
caeiiiaeaoaey, io?aaeaiiue a Caeiia ia eciaieeny ii n?aaiaieth n
iiceoeeae noaouee 478 A?aaeaeaineiai Eiaeaena ?NON? e noaouee 136 Iniia
a?aaeaeaineiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa 1991 aiaea. Yoi ia icia/aao, /oi
iaiioaeeeiaaiiua eiino?aiiua i?iecaaaeaiey, iaoiaeyueany a iaoa?eaeueiie
oi?ia ca i?aaeaeai ?inneeneie oaaea?aoeee, ia io?aiythony ii ?inneeneiio
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao.

A eeoa?aoo?a ioia/aeinue, /oi “iaiioaeeeiaaiiua i?iecaaaeaiey
eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia, iaoiaeyueany ca ?oaaaeii, ia iiaoo
?anniao?eaaoueny” a ?innee eae i?iecaaaeaiey, “iinoiyiii iaoiaeyueany a
noa?a iauanoaaiiiai aeinoiyiey”, e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, iiaeeaaeao io?aia
ia?aaia n i?iecaaaeaieyie, iaoiaeyueieny ia aa oa??eoi?ee.

Iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea ioiaoeoue, /oi ia?aaeei i?e caeeth/aiee aeaonoi?iiieo
aeiaiai?ia io?aia iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee aiiaua ia
iaiaa?eaaeanue, iai?eia?, noaouey 2 Niaeaoaiey n Iieueoae ia io?aia
aaoi?neeo i?aa aeaneo:

“Eaaeaeay aeiaiaa?eaathuayny Noi?iia i?eciaao aaoi?neea i?aaa a?aaeaeai
e i?aaiecaoeee ae?oaie aeiaiaa?eaathuaeny Noi?iiu eo i?aaii?aaiieeia ia
i?iecaaaeaiey iaoee, eeoa?aoo?u eneonnoaa, iacaaeneii io ianoa eo
ia?aiai iioaeeeiaaiey, a oaeaea aaoi?neea i?aaa a?aaeaeai o?aoueeo no?ai
e eo i?aaii?aaiieeia ia i?iecaaaeaiey, aia?aua auiouaiiua a naao ia
oa??eoi?ee Niaaoneiai Nithca eee Iieueneie Ia?iaeiie ?anioaeeee…”. Ec
i?eaaaeaiiie oeeoaou aeaeii, /oi ii?aaeaeyaony noaeueaai eeoue
iioaeeeiaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee. Ia iie acaeyae, oaeay oi?ioee?iaea – yoi
?acoeueoao oiai, /oi ia auei iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?aaeoniao?eaaoue acaeiiuo
iaycaiiinoae ii io?aia iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, oae eae
i?iecaaaeaiey eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia e oae iiaeeaaeaee io?aia a iaieo
aeiaiaa?eaathueony ainoaea?noaao.

Eoae, ?inneeneia (a aei 25 aeaeaa?y 1991 aiaea niaaoneia) aaoi?neia
i?aai oaeoe/anee io?aiyei, e io?aiyao ethaua iaiioaeeeiaaiiua
i?iecaaaeaiey eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia n iiiaioa eo nicaeaiey. Ii, anee yoi
i?iecaaaeaiea aia?aua ioaeeeoaony ia a ?innee e ia a no?aia, naycaiiie n
?inneae iaaeaeoia?iaeiui aeiaiai?ii, oi oaeia i?iecaaaeaiea noaiiaeony a
?innee iauanoaaiiui aeinoiyieai, oae eae ?aiaa i?aaeinoaaeaiiue n?ie
io?aiu enoae. Eiaiii iiyoiio ?inney niiaea i?eniaaeeieoueny e Aa?ineie
Eiiaaioeee. Yoi icia/aao, /oi a ioiioaiee a?aaeaeai no?ai, o/anoaothueo
e a Aa?ineie, e ai Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee, a ?innee aoaeoo io?aiyoueny
oieueei oa i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ua aoaeoo iioaeeeiaaiu iinea 26 iay 1973
aiaea (aeaoa i?eniaaeeiaiey NNN? e Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee). *oi eanaaony
a?aaeaeai ainoaea?noa, o/anoaothueo oieueei a Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, oi a
?innee aoaeoo iinoaaeaiu iiae io?aio oieueei oa eo i?iecaaaeaiey,
eioi?ua aia?aua iioaeeeiaaiu a yoeo no?aiao iinea 13 ia?oa 1995 aiaea.

A i?anna auneacuaaeenue ?acee/iua ioeaiee i?eiyoiai ?aoaiey i
i?eniaaeeiaiee aac ia?aoiie neeu. Iaeie niaoeeaeenou oeaeeeii e
iieiinoueth iiaeaea?aeaea aai, ae?oaea aea inoaeaeay aai, ooaa?aeaeaee,
/oi “ii nooe aea ieacaeinue, /oi e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ?inney ia
i?eniaaeeieeanue”. Caeioa?aniaaiiua aea eeoea – ecaeaoaee, aaeeiiaeooii
iiaeaea?aeeaay i?eniaaeeiaiea e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, oaeaea ?acioeenue a
ioeaiea ii?yaeea oaeiai i?eniaaeeiaiey, e?oiiua ecaeaoaee, eioi?ua
“i?eniaaeeieeenue e Aa?io a iaeiinoi?iiiai ii?yaeea” aua a 1993 aiaeo
eeai oaeeaeaiu oaeei iiaeoiaeii, eeai iieiinoueth ioaa?aatho aai,
?anniao?eaay ?aoaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa eae “aicaaaeaiea ai?ianoaa a
ainoaea?noaaiioth iieeoeeo” e “eaaaeecaoeeth ie?aonoaa”. Auneacuaaeinue
iiaiea, /oi i?eniaaeeiaiea ?innee e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee n ia?aoiie neeie
ioaa/aei au eioa?anai ?inneeneeo ecaeaoaeae, oae eae ei “auaiaeii
iieoiaoue i?aaa e ieaoeoue eiino?aiiui aaoi?ai”, /oi iicaieeo ei “eiaoue
aiciiaeiinoue, i?iaeaaaoue i?aaa ia eieae ?inneeneeo aaoi?ia”.

Anoanoaaiii, /oi e?oiiui ecaeaoaeuenoaai iiae neeo auiea/eaaoue ia?iiiua
aiii?a?u ca i?eia?aoaiea eneeth/eoaeueiuo i?aa ia ?ani?ino?aiaiea
i?iecaaaeaiee eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee. Yoi ei
aeaenoaeoaeueii auaiaeii, oae eae eo cao?aou ieoiyony /a?ac ?aaeecaoeeth
eieaeiie i?iaeoeoeee, a noieiinoue eioi?ie aeeth/athony e noiiu
aaoi?neeo aiii?a?ia, e ia?aaea/a iaeneeth/eoaeueiuo i?aa ia
eniieueciaaiea ae?oaei ecaeaoaeuenoaai, a eiia/iii eoiaa ca n/ao
?inneeneeo /eoaoaeae. I?eniaaeeiaiea n ia?aoiie neeie e Eiiaaioeee, ii
iiaieth eiuo ecaeaoaeae, oaeaea ia “iicaieeei au anoaoue ia iiae
iieiaeui ecaeaoaeyi”, ia eiathuei aieueoiai noa?oiaiai eaieoaea. Ia iie
acaeyae, yoi oaeaea i?ae?aoeei au i?eoie a ?inneth iiiaeanoaa
i?iecaaaeaiee ca?oaaaeiie eeoa?aoo?u, /oi, a eiia/iii n/aoa, io?aceeinue
au eae ia ?acaeoee oieueei iiyaeaoaany eieaeiie eiaeono?ee, oae e ia
eoeueoo?ii-aeooiaiie noa?a iaoaai iauanoaa.

Aeaenoaeoaeueii, i?e i?eiyoee ioaaonoaaiiuo i?aaiauo ?aoaiee, eaeei
yaeyaony ?aoaiea i i?eniaaeeiaiee e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, iaiaoiaeeii
enoiaeeoue ec eioa?ania anaai iauanoaa, a ia ioaeaeueiuo aai a?oii.
O/eouaay oi, /oi ii?iu Eiiaaioeee aeaenoaotho ia a eaeaaeueiuo, a
?aaeueiuo oneiaeyo, aeieaeiu i?eieiaoueny ai aieiaiea e oa yeiiiie/aneea
iineaaenoaey, eioi?ua iiaei au iiaea/ue i?aaeinoaaeaiea io?aiu
i?iecaaaeaieyi, ?aiaa n/eoaaoeiny a ?innee iauanoaaiiui aeinoiyieai.

Eae auei iieacaii auoa, e?eoeea i?eniaaeeiaiey aac ia?aoiie neeu iineo a
iniiaiii yeiiiie/aneee oa?aeoa?. Aii?in i naiie oi?ioee?iaea
iinoaiiaeaiey ia iiaeieiaeny. Niaoeeaeenou, ianiio?y ia oi, /oi a i?anna
e auei ioiaiaii, /oi oi?ioee?iaea ia ynia, ia?aie/eeenue eeoue
eiinoaoaoeeae oiai, /oi iia icia/aao, /oi ?inney i?eniaaeeieeanue e
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee aac ia?aoiie neeu, aeoiaaony, /oi iaiaoiaeeii
?anniio?aoue iinoaiiaeaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa eiaiii n oi/ee c?aiey aeaiiie
ei oi?ioee?iaee, eioi?ay aeiioneaao iaiaeiicia/iinoue aa oieeiaaiey.

Eoae, iinoaiiaeaiea niaea?aeeo oeacaiea ia oi, /oi i?iecaaaeaieyi,
noaaoei ia oa??eoi?ee ?inneeneie oaaea?aoeee iauanoaaiiui ianoiyieai ia
iiiaio i?eniaaeeiaiey e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, io?aia aiiaue
i?aaeinoaaeaia ia aoaeao. ?anniao?eaay iainiiaaiea aiciiaeiinoe
i?eniaaeeiaiey ?innee aac ia?aoiie neeu, iaie i?eaiaeeeinue iieiaeaiea
noaouee 28 Caeiia ?O “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa niaaeiuo i?aaao”, niaeanii
eioi?iio i?e/eiie ia?aoiaea i?iecaaaeaiey a iauanoaaiiia aeinoiyiea
neoaeeo enoa/aiea n?iea io?aiu. Iaeiaei noaouey 28 i?aaeoniao?eaaao e
eioth i?e/eio: ia?aoaaeoeie a iauanoaaiiia aeinoiyiea oaeaea n/eoathony
i?iecaaaeaiey, io?aia eioi?ui ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee ieeiaaea ia
i?aaeinoaaeyeanue. A oi?ioee?iaea, aeaiiie i?aaeoaeuenoaii, ia
oeacuaaaony, ii eaeie eiaiii i?e/eia ia aoaeoo io?aiyoueny
i?iecaaaeaiey, noaaoea ia oa??eoi?ee ?O iauanoaaiiui aeinoiyieai, oioy
oaeie i?e/eiie yaeyaony enoa/aiea n?ieia io?aiu. Iaie auei ioia/aii, /oi
ia caeiiiaeaoaeueiii o?iaia io?aia i?aaeinoaaeyaony eeoue oai
eiino?aiiui iaiioaeeeiaaiiui i?iecaaaeaieyi, eioi?ua iaoiaeyony ia
?inneeneie oa??eoi?ee, oioy i?aeoeea e eia/a ?aoaao yoio aii?in.
Iaeiaei, eiaiii oi, /oi ia i?aeoeea io?aiyeenue, e io?aiythony ana
iaiioaeeeiaaiiua i?iecaaaeaiey eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia, iicaieeei
enoieeiaaoue noaoueth 18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee eae ia iaycuaathuoth,
i?aaeinoaaeyoue io?aio n ia?aoiie neeie. Oai ia iaiaa, ca?oaaaeiua
niaoeeaeenou, ia ciaeiiua n ?inneeneie i?aeoeeie, iiaoo i?iaanoe aiaeec
ia caeiiiaeaoaeueiii o?iaia e naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi ?inney,
i?eniaaeeiyynue e Eiiaaioeee, i?eiyea ?aoaiea ia io?aiyoue eiino?aiiua
i?iecaaaeaiey, noaaoea ia aa oa??eoi?ee iauanoaaiiui aeinoiyieai a neeo
oiai, /oi iie ieeiaaea ia io?aiyeenue. Ii oaeia ?aoaiea i?ioeai?a/eei
au ioieoo 2 noaouee 18 Eiiaaioeee, eioi?ie ana i?e/eiu iaio?aiyaiinoe,
e?iia enoa/aiey n?iea io?aiu, aac?acee/iu. Anee oi?ioee?iaea
i?aaeoaeuenoaa aoaeao enoieeiaaia oaeei ia?acii, yoi iiaeao iineoaeeoue
iniiaaieai aicieeiiaaiey nii?ia n ae?oaeie /eaiaie Eiiaaioeee ii iiaiaeo
i?eiaiaiey Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee.

Aeoiaaony, /oi eo/oei niiniaii ono?aieoue eiathuaany i?ioeai?a/ea aei
i?eniaaeeiaiey e Eiiaaioeee auei au i?eaanoe aeaenoaothuaa
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai ia aaoi?neii i?aaa a niioaaonoaea n i?aeoeeie,
cae?aiea, /oi io?aia ii ?inneeneiio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao i?aaeinoaaeyaony
anai eiino?aiiui iaiioaeeeiaaiiui i?iecaaaeaieyi, iacaaeneii io oiai, ia
oa??eoi?ee eaeiai ainoaea?noaa iie iaoiaeyony. Yoi cia/eoaeueii
oi?inoeei au a?aoiaioaoeeth i?eiyoiai ?inneae ?aoaiey i i?eniaaeeiaiee
aac ia?aoiie neeu. Eia/a yoo i?iaeaio iiaeii auei au ?aoeoue, oeacaa i?e
iiaea/a iiou, /oi aeaenoaea Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ia aoaeao
?ani?ino?aiyoueny ia i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ua ia aeaoo anooieaiey
Eiiaaioeee a neeo aeey ?innee oaea yaeythony ia aa oa??eoi?ee
iauanoaaiiui aeinoiyieai aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey ?aiaa i?aaeinoaaeaiiiai
n?iea io?aiu. Naaiaeiy aea, ia iie acaeyae, aaeeinoaaiiue niinia
ono?aieoue anyeoth aiciiaeiinoue aicieeiiaaiey nii?iie neooaoeee –
aeiiieieoaeueii oaaaeiieoue no?aiu Nithca i i?e/eiao, ii eioi?ui
eiino?aiiua i?iecaaaeaiey ia?aoee a noa?o iauaai aeinoiyiey.

Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi iaeioi?ua niaoeeaeenou n/eoatho, /oi
“iai?aaenoaaeaiea ia?aoiie neeu aiiaua eeoaao Eiiaaioeeth niunea”, y
?anniao?eaath i?eniaaeeiaiea ?inneeneie oaaea?aoeee e Aa?ineie
Eiiaaioeee eae /?acau/aeii cia/eoaeueiia niauoea. Ai-ia?auo, oaia?ue
?inney naycaia iaaeaeoia?iaeiui aeiaiai?ii ni iiiaeie no?aiaie,
ioiioaiey n eioi?uie ii aaoi?neiio i?aao ieeae ia ?aaoee?iaaeenue.
Ai-aoi?uo, i?iecaaaeaiey eiino?aiiuo aaoi?ia oao no?ai, n eioi?uie
?inney auea naycaia Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeeae, iieo/atho io?aio oaeaea ii
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, o?iaaiue eioi?ie iaiiiai auoa. *oi aea eanaaony
no?ai, naycaiiuo n ?inneae ii Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, oi eo eioa?anu,
eiia/ii, cao?iioou i?eniaaeeiaieai aac ia?aoiie neeu. Iaeiaei, o/eouaay
oi, /oi i?iecaaaeaiey a?aaeaeai aieueoeinoaa ainoaea?noa-/eaiia
Aa?ineiai Nithca oaea io?aiyeenue ii Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee e ii
aeaonoi?iiiei niaeaoaieyi, ia?ooaiea eioa?ania yoeo ainoaea?noa ia
noieue nouanoaaiii. Aeoiaaony, /oi ii enoa/aiee iaeioi?iai ia?aoiaeiiai
ia?eiaea “i?eaueaiey” e caueoa aaoi?neeo i?aa a?aaeaeai no?ai-o/anoieoe
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, ?inney iieaeao ii iooe caeeth/aiey aeaonoi?iiieo
niaeaoaiee n ioaeaeueiuie no?aiaie, eae yoi aeaeaaony nae/an a NOA, ii
eioi?ui io?aia aoaeao i?aaeinoaaeyoueny n ia?aoiie neeie. Iaeiaei yoi ia
iiaeao i?iecieoe ?aiueoa, /ai ?inney aeaenoaeoaeueii aoaeao e yoiio
aioiaa.

5. IA?AOIAss NEEA AAOI?NEI-I?AAIAUO

II?I A EIINO?AIIII IAOeEIIAEUeIII

CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA.

Auoa iaie ?anniao?eaaeny aii?in i oii, eae ?aoaaony i?iaeaia ia?aoiie
neeu aaoi?nei-i?aaiauo ii?i ia iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiaii o?iaia. Ia iaiaa
aaaeai aii?in i ii?yaeea io?aiu i?iecaaaeaiee, nicaeaiiuo aei anooieaiey
a neeo iiauo iaoeeiiaeueiuo caeiiia, i?aaeinoaaeythueo aieaa aunieee
o?iaaiue io?aiu aaoi?neeo i?aa ii n?aaiaieth n i?aaeuaeouei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

Iaoeeiiaeueiua caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ?aciuo no?ai ii-?aciiio ?aoatho aii?in
ia ia?aoiie neea. ?anniio?ei, eae ?aoaaony yoio aii?in a ca?oaaaeiii
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia i?eia?a aeaoo no?ai: Iieueoe e Oe?aeiu, iaaeaaii
i?eiyaoe iiaua caeiiu ia aaoi?neii i?aaa.

4 oaa?aey 1994 aiaea Iieueneei Ia?eaiaioii aue i?eiyo iiaue Caeii ia
aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao, ?ac?aaioea eioi?iai caiyea ii/oe
aeaaaeoeaoue eao. ?acoeueoaoii aeeeoaeueiie ?aaiou yaeeinue iiyaeaiea
niaea?aeauaai iiiaeanoai iiaaee ii?iaoeaiiai aeoa, nouanoaaiii
oneeeaoaai io?aio i?aa aaoi?ia. A ioiioaiee n?ieia io?aiu Iieueneee
Caeii 1994 aiaea iioae iaiiiai aeaeueoa, /ai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai a
ae?oaeo aa?iiaeneeo no?aiao, a oii /enea e a iaeaieaa ?acaeouo. E?iia
oaaee/aiey n?ieia io?aiu aei 50-oe eao a neo/ayo aeey:

– i?iecaaaeaiee, nicaeaiiuo iinea anooieaiey a neeo iiaiai caeiia, e

– i?iecaaaeaiee, n?ie io?aiu eioi?uo ia enoae e iiiaioo anooieaiey
iiaiai caeiia a neeo,

iiaue Caeii aia?aua a ie?a aaae a aeaenoaea aeiaieueii neiaeiue iaoaieci
io?aiu n ia?aoiie neeie. A iaeanoe aaoi?neiai i?aaa Caeii oaeaea
i?aaeoniao?eaaao i?eiaiaiea aai iieiaeaiee e i?iecaaaeaieyi, “n?ie
io?aiu eioi?uo enoae a niioaaonoaee n ?aiaa aeaenoaiaaaoei Caeiiii, ii
ia enoae a niioaaonoaee n iiaui Caeiiii, ca eneeth/aieai ia?eiaea iinea
enoa/aiey n?iea io?aiu aei anooieaiey iiaiai Caeiia a neeo” (no.
124.1.3.). Iaeiaei Caeii onoaiaaeeaaao, /oi yoi iieiaeaiea ia
i?eiaiyaony e eiouanoaaiiui i?aaai a ioiioaiee yecaiiey?ia
i?iecaaaeaiee, eioi?ua auee iioaeeeiaaiu aei aai anooieaiey a neeo
(no.124.1.2.).

Cae?aieaiiay ii?ia eanaaony i?iecaaaeaiee, n?ie io?aiu eioi?uo enoae ii
noa?iio Caeiio, ii ia enoae ii Caeiio 1994 aiaea ia iiiaio anooieaiey
yoiai caeiia a neeo. Yoe i?iecaaaeaiey ii enoa/aiee ?aiaa
i?aaeinoaaeyaoeony n?ieia io?aiu ia?aoee a noa?o iauaai aeinoiyiey e
noaee iaio?aiyaiuie. Ii n iiiaioa anooieaiey iiaiai Caeiia a neeo ei
niiaa i?aaeinoaaeyaony io?aia oaea ii yoiio Caeiio a oa/aiea ia?eiaea,
i?aaenoaaeythuei niaie ?acieoeo iaaeaeo n?ieaie io?aiu,
i?aaeinoaaeyaiuie ii iiaiio e noa?iio caeiiai. I?e yoii iaiaa?eaaaony
noaeueaa yecaiiey?ia i?iecaaaeaiee, iioaeeeiaaiiuo aei anooieaiey caeiia
a neeo, oi anoue a oi a?aiy eiaaea yoe i?iecaaaeaiey iaoiaeeeenue a
iauanoaaiiii aeinoiyiee – e eiouanoaaiiui i?aaai ia oaeea yecaiiey?u
iieiaeaiey iiaiai Caeiia i?eiaiyoueny ia aoaeoo. Eiuie neiaaie,
i?aaiiaeaaeaoaee yoie eaoaai?ee i?iecaaaeaiee ia niiaoo eiio?iee?iaaoue
eniieueciaaiea yecaiiey?ia, ecaioiaeaiiuo a oi a?aiy, eiaaea
i?iecaaaeaiea iaoiaeeeinue a noa?a iauaai aeinoiyiey.

?anniio?aiiay iaie ii?ia iaeiicia/ii oeacuaaao ia oi, /oi Caeii ia
aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao Iieueoe aeaenoaoao n ia?aoiie neeie.

A eeoa?aoo?a aeaiiue “iaoaieci io?aiu n ia?aoiie neeie” iiaeaa?aaeny
e?eoeea, e, ia iie acaeyae, niaa?oaiii ni?aaaaeeeai ioia/aeinue, /oi yoi
i?aaeei /?acau/aeii o?oaeii ?aaeeciaaoue ia i?aeoeea. Aeaenoaeoaeueii,
i?aeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea yoiai /anoe/ii ia?aie/aiiiai i?aaeea ia ia?aoiii
aeaenoaee, ianiiiaiii ieaaeaony i?iaeaiaoe/iui. E?iia oiai, yoi
iieiaeaiea i?ioeai?a/eo noaouea 18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee (e eioi?ie
Iieueoa ieaie?oao i?eniaaeeieoueny a aeeaeaeoaa a?aiy), aiiaue
i?aaeinoaaeyy io?aio i?iecaaaeaieyi, ia?aoaaeoei a noa?o iauaai
aeinoiyiey aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey n?iea io?aiu.

Ii-eiiio aii?in ia ia?aoiie neea ?aoai a ioiioaiee i?eiyoiai 23 aeaeaa?y
1993 aiaea Caeiia Oe?aeiu “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao”, ii
naiaio niaea?aeaieth ii/oe iieiinoueth niaiaaeathuee n ?inneeneei
caeiiii.

Iinoaiiaeaieai Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa Oe?aeiu “I ii?yaeea aaaaeaiey a
aeaenoaea Caeiia… ” i?aaeoniio?ai neaaeothuee ii?yaeie aeaenoaey
caeiia:

3. Caeii Oe?aeiu… i?eiaiyaony e i?aaiioiioaieyi, aicieeoei iinea
aaaaeaiey aai a aeaenoaea.

Aeey i?aaiioiioaiee, aicieeoeo aei iioaeeeiaaiey Caeiia, caeii
i?eiaiyaony e oai i?aaaie iaycaiiinoyi, eioi?ua aicieeioo iinea
aaaaeaiey aai a aeaenoaea.

4. Onoaiiaeoue, /oi ia i?iecaaaeaiey, ?aiaa ia io?aiyaoeany aaoi?neei
i?aaii, aeaenoaea yoiai Caeiia ?ani?ino?aiyaony, a neo/aa, anee iie
auiouaiu e naao, ecaioiaeaiu ?ani?ino?aiaiu iinea iioaeeeiaaiey yoiai
Caeiia.

5. Onoaiiaeoue, /oi i?aaeoniio?aiiua noaoueae 24 caeiia Oe?aeiu n?ie
io?aiu i?aa aaoi?ia i?eiaiyaony e i?iecaaaeaieyi, ia eioi?ua n?ie,
aeaenoaoy aaoi?neiai i?aaa aei iioaeeeiaaiey yoiai Caeiia ia enoae.

Niaeanii i?eaaaeaiiie oeeoaoa. Caeii ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia ioiioaiey ii
nicaeaieth e eniieueciaaieth i?iecaaaeaiee, eiathueo ianoi iinea
anooieaiey aai a neeo. A neo/aa anee yoe ioiioaiey iinyo aeeyueeny
oa?aeoa? ia iiiaio aaaaeaiey caeiia a aeaenoaea, aai iieiaeaiey aoaeoo
i?eiaiyoueny e i?aaai e iaycaiiinoyi, aicieeoei iinea yoiai iiiaioa.
Ioieo 5 oeacuaaao ia oaaee/aiea n?ieia io?aiu i?iecaaaeaiee, ia noaaoeo
aua iauei aeinoiyieai aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey, i?aaeinoaaeaiiiai
i?aaeuaeouei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii n?iea io?aiu aaoi?neeo i?aa ia aeaoo
iioaeeeiaaiey iiaiai Caeiia. I?e/ai niaoeeaeueii iaiaa?eaaaony, /oi
iiaue Caeii ia i?eaeaao th?eaee/aneiai cia/aiey oaeoai nicaeaiey e
eniieueciaaiey i?iecaaaeaiee, eiaaoeo ianoi aei anooieaiey Caeiia a
neeo, eioi?ua ia yaeyeenue ia oio iiiaio th?eaee/aneeie e ia ii?iaeaeaee
i?aaiauo iineaaenoaee.

Eoae, iiaue Caeii Oe?aeiu “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao” ia
i?aaeinoaaeyao io?aiu i?iecaaaeaieyi, ia?aoaaeoei a iauanoaaiiia
aeinoiyiea ii i?e/eia enoa/aiey n?ieia io?aiu eee aneaaenoaea oiai, /oi
yoe i?iecaaaeaiey ieeiaaea ia io?aiyeenue ia oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu.

Ec i?eaaaeaiiuo iaie i?eia?ia aeaeii, /oi eaaeaeay no?aia naia aeey naay
ii?aaeaeyao ii?yaeie aeaenoaey caeiia ai a?aiaie, i?eaeaaay eee ia
i?eaeaaay aio ia?aoioth neeo. Caeiiiaeaoaeue nai ?aoaao, enoiaey ec
neooaoeee a no?aia e o/eouaay i?eioeei aaoi?neiai i?aaa,
i?aaeoniao?eaathuee ni/aoaiea ee/iuo eioa?ania n eioa?anaie iauanoaa,
eae iiaeao e aeieaeai auoue ?aoai yoio aii?in.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi ii?iu i aaaaeaiee a aeaenoaea yoeo aeaoo
caeiiia neiino?oe?iaaiu oaeei ia?acii, /oi ia aicieeaao ieeaeeo niiiaiee
a oii, /oi Iieueneee Caeii eiaao ia?aoioth neeo, a Caeii Oe?aeiu iao.
Nouanoaaiii ia oieueei naii iaia?aiea caeiiiaeaoaey i?aaeinoaaeoue eee
ia i?aaeinoaaeoue io?aio n ia?aoiie neeie, ii e eae yoi no?aieaiea
aoaeao ?aaeeciaaii a ii?iao i?aaa. Eae auei ?anniio?aii, ?aiaa,
nouanoaotho ii?iu, oi?ioee?iaea eioi?uo aeiioneaao ?aciia oieeiaaiea. A
aii?in i oii, eae aoaeao aeaenoaiaaoue caeii – yaeyaony iaeaieaa aaaeiui
aii?inii aeey i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee aai iieiaeaiee.

6. ?AOAIEA AII?INA IA IA?AOIIE NEEA

AAOI?NEI-I?AAIAUO II?I A

?INNEENEII IAOeEIIAEUeIII

CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA.

9 ethey 1993 aiaea Aa?oiaiui Niaaoii ?inneeneie oaaea?aoeee aue i?eiyo
Caeii ?O “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao”, anooieaoee a neeo 3
aaaonoa 1993 aiaea.

Eiaao ee iiaue caeii ia?aoioth neeo eee iao – aii?in /?acau/aeii
neiaeiue. Iaoi/iinoue oi?ioee?iaie, niaea?aeaueony a iinoaiiaeaiee
Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa i aaaaeaiee a aeaenoaea Caeiia, iicaieyao ii-?aciiio
oieeiaaoue ii?yaeie i?eiaiaiey Caeiia, /oi oaea ii?iaeaeaao
aicieeiiaaiea iiiai/eneaiiuo i?iaeai ia i?aeoeea. A ca?oaaaeiie
eeoa?aoo?a ioia/aeinue, /oi iiaue ?inneeneee caeii i?eaeaeaao e aoaeao
i?eaeaeaoue aieiaiea ca?oaaaeiuo i?aaiaaaeia ia noieueei n oi/ee c?aiey
niaea?aeaueony a iai iieiaeaiee, neieueei n oi/ee c?aiey aai ia?aoiaeiuo
ii?i, eanathueony i?aaee aai aeaenoaey.

Niaoeeaeenou ii aaoi?neiio i?aao i?eaea?aeeaathony aeeaiao?aeueii
i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo oi/ae c?aiey ii iiaiaeo aeaenoaey Caeiia: iaeie
n/eoatho, /oi iiaue Caeii ia?aoiie neeu ia eiaao, ae?oaea aea, iai?ioea,
ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi caeii aeaenoaoao n ia?aoiie neeie.

I?aaeaea, /ai ia?aeoe e aiaeeco ii?i Iinoaiiaeaiey Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa,
ii?aaeaeythueo ii?yaeie aeaenoaey caeiia, ia iie acaeyae, iaiaoiaeeii
?anniio?aoue, eae aue ?aoai aii?in ia ia?aoiie neea i?e aaaaeaiee a
aeaenoaea Iniia a?aaeaeaineiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Nithca NNN? e
?anioaeee, i?eiyouo 31 iay 1991 aiaea (aeaeaa Iniia). I?eiyoea Iniia
yaeeinue ia?aui, ii i/aiue cia/eoaeueiui oaaii a noi?iio iiauoaiey
o?iaiy io?aiu i?aa aaoi?ia. Iniiau ia oieueei niaea?aeaee iiiaeanoai
iiaaee (iai?eia?, cae?aieaiea iiauo iauaeoia io?aiu, iiyaeaiea i?aaa
aaoi?noaa, noaeaiea noa?u aacaeiaiai?iiai eniieueciaaiey e i?.), ii e
oaaee/eee n?ie i?aaeinoaaeyaiie io?aiu aei 50-oe eao.

A niioaaonoaee n ioieoii 1 Iinoaiiaeaiey Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa ?O “I
iaeioi?uo aii?inao i?eiaiaiey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Nithca NNN? ia
oa??eoi?ee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” io 3 ia?oa 1992 aiaea Iniiau
“i?eiaiythony ia oa??eoi?ee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee n 3 aaaonoa 1992
aiaea e oai a?aaeaeaineei i?aaiioiioaieyi, eioi?ua aicieeee iinea
oeacaiiie aeaou. Ii a?aaeaeaineei i?aaiioiioaieyi, aicieeoei aei 3
aaaonoa 1992 aiaea. Iniiau a?aaeaeaineiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa
i?eiaiythony e a?aaeaeaineei i?aaai e iaycaiiinoyi, eioi?ua aicieeee
iinea 3 aaaonoa 1992 aiaea”. Eoae, aiai?y i?eiaieoaeueii e aaoi?neiio
i?aao. Iniiau ?ani?ino?aiytho naia aeaenoaea ia ioiioaiey ii nicaeaieth
e eniieueciaaieth i?iecaaaeaiee, aicieeoea iinea aeaou anooieaiey Iniia
a neeo ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee. Iiieii yoiai caeiiiaeaoaeue i?aaeoniio?ae,
/oi a ioiioaiee aeeyueony ia iiiaio aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea Iniia
i?aaiioiioaiee iieiaeaiey Iniia aoaeoo i?eiaiyoueny eeoue e oai i?aaai e
iaycaiiinoyi, eioi?ua aicieeioo iinea yoiai iiiaioa. Neaaeiaaoaeueii,
caeiiiaeaoaeue, eiie?aoece?oy iauee i?eioeei, onoaiiaee, /oi Iniiau
ia?aoiie neeu ia eiatho.

Oaia?ue ia?aeaeai e ?anniio?aieth Iinoaiiaeaiey Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa i
ii?yaeea aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea Caeiia “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo
i?aaao”, eioi?ui i?aaeoniao?eaaaony neaaeothuee ii?yaeie aeaenoaey
Caeiia:

2. Caeii ?inneeneie oaaea?aoeee “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao”
i?eiaiyaony e ioiioaieyi ii nicaeaieth, a oaeaea ii eniieueciaaieth
iauaeoia aaoi?neiai i?aaa aicieeathuei iinea aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea
oeacaiiiai Caeiia.

3. N?iee io?aiu i?aa, i?aaeoniio?aiiua no. 27 oeacaiiiai caeiia
i?eiaiythony ai anao neo/ayo, eiaaea 50 – eaoiee n?ie aeaenoaey
aaoi?neiai i?aaa ia enoae e 1 yiaa?y 1993 aiaea.

4. Aaoi?neia i?aai th?eaee/aneeo eeoe, aicieeoaa aei aaaaeaiey a
aeaenoaea oeacaiiiai Caeiia, i?ae?auaaony ii enoa/aiee 50 eao n iiiaioa
i?aaiia?iiai iaia?iaeiaaiey i?iecaaaeaiey eee nicaeaiey i?iecaaaeaiey,
anee iii ia auei iaia?iaeiaaii.

Niaeanii ioieoo 1 oeacaiiiai iinoaiiaeaiey. Caeii ia ?ani?ino?aiyao naia
aeaenoaea eae ia ioiioaiey ii eniieueciaaieth, oae e ia ioiioaiey ii
nicaeaieth i?iecaaaeaiee, eiaaoeo ianoi aei aaaaeaiey aai a aeaenoaea,
oi anoue aei 3 aaaonoa 1993 aiaea. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, anee ?aiaa
ii?aaeaeaiiua iauaeou ia iiaeeaaeaee io?aia ii aaoi?neiio i?aao, oi e
iiaia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai ia ?ani?ino?aiyao naia aeaenoaea ia oaeea
iauaeou, oae eae e neo/ayi nicaeaiey i?iecaaaeaiey aei 3 aaaonoa 1993
aiaea i?eiaiyaony ia iiaia, a i?aaeiaa caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai. Yoi icia/aao,
/oi Caeii ia ?anniao?eaaao a ea/anoaa th?eaee/aneeo oaeou nicaeaiey
i?iecaaaeaiey, eiaaoea ianoi aei 3 aaaonoa 1993 aiaea e ia ii?iaeaeaaoea
ieeaeeo iineaaenoaee n oi/ee c?aiey i?aaeiaai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa.
Iaeiaei ia iie acaeyae, iaiaoiaeeii iai?eaeaiea yoei i?aaeiei oaeoai
th?eaee/aneiai cia/aiey, ai ecaaaeaiea iai?aaeeueiiai oieeiaaiey aiee
caeiiiaeaoaey, iaiaa?eaaoue ioaeaeueii. Eiaiii oaeei ia?acii iinooiee
caeiiiaeaoaeue i?e i?eiyoee Iniia, oeacaa e ioieoa 11 Iinoaiiaeaiey i
aaaaeaiee eo a aeaenoaea, /oi “ia i?iecaaaeaiey, ?aiaa ia i?eciaaaaoeany
iauaeoaie aaoi?neiai i?aaa, aeaenoaea ?acaeaea 4 Iniia a?aaeaeaineiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Nithca NNN? e ?anioaeee ?ani?ino?aiyaony, anee
i?iecaaaeaiea auiouaii a naao iinea anooieaiey Iniia a neeo”. A ea/anoaa
th?eaee/aneie aeaou oeacuaaaony aeaoa “auionea a naao”, a ia aeaoa
“nicaeaiey” i?iecaaaeaiey. Yoi iauyniyaony oai, /oi aeaoo “auionea a
naao” onoaiiaeoue iaiiiai i?iua e iia aieaa iieacaoaeueia aeey
i?iaaaeaiey ion/aoa ?acee/iuo n?ieia, e, ii iiaieth niaoeeaeenoia, auai?
eiaiii yoie aeaou iauaai i?eioeeia ia eieaaeao.

Eoae, ii?ia, niaea?aeauayny a ioieoa 1 iinoaiiaeaiey, onoaiaaeeaaao, /oi
Caeii aeaenoaoao aac ia?aoiie neeu.

Aiaeece?oy iieiaeaiea ioieoa 2 oeacaiiiai iinoaiiaeaiey, iaeuecy ia
ia?aoeoueny e niaiaaeathuaio n iei ii no?oeoo?a ioieoo 12 iauanithciiai
iinoaiiaeaiey i aaaaeaiee a aeaenoaea Iniia. Niaeanii yoiio ioieoo,
“i?aaeoniio?aiiua noaoueae 137 Iniia a?aaeaeaineiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa
n?iee aeaenoaey aaoi?neiai i?aaa i?eiaiythony e i?iecaaaeaieyi, n?ie
aeaenoaey aaoi?neiai i?aaa ia eioi?ua ia enoae aei 1 yiaa?y 1992 aiaea”.
Oieeiaaoue yoo ii?io iiaeii auei oieueei iaeiicia/ii: i?aaeiaa
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai ia aaoi?neii i?aaa i?aaeoniao?eaaei io?aio i?aa a
oa/aiea aeecie aaoi?a iethn 25 eao, a Iniiau aaaee iiaue n?ie io?aiu –
a?aiy aeecie aaoi?a iethn 50 eao. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, yoa ia?aoiaeiay ii?ia
eanaeanue eeoue oao i?iecaaaeaiee, a ioiioaiee eioi?uo n?iee io?aiu ia
iiiaio aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea Iniia aua “oaeee”, oaeeeiyy yoe n?iee ia 25
eao.

Aiaeiae/iui ia?acii auea iino?iaia e ii?ia Oeaca I?aceaeeoia aa?oiaiiai
Niaaoa NNN? “I aianaiee eciaiaiee e aeiiieiaiee a Iniiau a?aaeaeaineiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Nithca NNN? e nithciuo ?anioaeee io 21 oaa?aey 1973
aiaea”. Niaeanii ae n?ie io?aiu aaoi?neeo i?aa iinea nia?oe aaoi?a aue
oaaee/ai n 10 aei 25 eao, e iiaua ii?iu i n?iea io?aiu ia i?eiaiyeenue e
i?iecaaaeaieyi, n?ie aeaenoaey aaoi?neiai i?aaa ia eioi?ua enoae aei 1
yiaa?y 1973 aiaea.

N oi/ee c?aiey ioaeaeueiuo i?aaiaaaeia, eiaiii oaeay ii?ia yaeyaony
ii?iie – oieeiaaieai i?eioeeia “Caeii ia?aoiie neeu ia eiaao”,
niaoeeoe/aneie – aeey aaoi?neiai i?aaa, oi anoue iia aeieaeia
i?eiaiyoueny ai anao neo/ayo i?eiyoey iiauo caeiiia, onoaiaaeeaathueo
n?iee io?aiu aieaa i?iaeieaeeoaeueiua, /ai i?aaeoniao?eaaeinue
i?aaeuaeouei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. Anoanoaaiii, /oi ec eaaeaeiai i?aaeea
auaatho eneeth/aiey, auaatho e eneeth/aiey ec i?eioeeia “caeii ia?aoiie
neeu ia eiaao” i?eiaieoaeueii e aaoi?neiio i?aao. Iaeiaei oiaaea e
oi?ioee?iaea ia?aoiaeiie ii?iu auaeyaeeo niaa?oaiii eia/a, eae,
iai?eia?, auaeyaeeo ii?ia i aaaaeaiee a aeaenoaea Iieueneiai Caeiia,
ynii oeacuaathuay ia ia?aoioth neeo aai aeaenoaey.

Ioieo 3 iinoaiiaeaiey i aaaaeaiee a aeaenoaea Caeiia aiai?eo i
i?iecaaaeaieyo, 50-oe eaoiee n?ie io?aiu eioi?uo ia enoae e iiiaioo
anooieaiey a neeo iiauo aaoi?nei-i?aaiauo ii?i. Eae oaea
?anniao?eaaeinue auoa. Iniiau oaeeeieee n?ie io?aiu aaoi?neeo i?aa aei
50-oe eao. Iiae 50-oeeaoiei n?ieii io?aiu, i eioi?ii aiai?eony, a ioieoa
3, iiae?acoiaaaaony n?ie io?aiu, i?aaeinoaaeaiiue Iniiaaie. A ioiioaiee
i?iecaaaeaiee, n?ie io?aiu eioi?uo ia enoae e 3 aaaonoa 1993 aiaea,
aeaenoaoao iiaue caeii, eioi?ue a ii?aaeaeaiiuo neo/ayo oaeeeiyao yoio
n?ie.

Iai?eia?, eiiiiceoi? Aeieo?ee Oinoaeiae/ oia? a 1975 aiaeo. A
niioaaonoaee n A?aaeaeaineei Eiaeaenii ?NON? aai i?iecaaaeaiey aeieaeiu
auee au ia?aeoe a iauanoaaiiia aeinoiyiea /a?ac 25 eao iinea aai nia?oe,
oi anoue 1 yiaa?y 2001 aiaea. Iniiau oaeeeieee n?ie io?aiu aei 50-oe
eao, neaaeiaaoaeueii, i?iecaieaiey Oinoaeiae/a aeieaeiu auee au
ia?anoaoue io?aiyoueny oieueei n 1 yiaa?y 2025 aiaea. A niioaaonoaee n
ioieoii 5 noaouee 27 caeiia yoio n?ie oaaee/ai aua ia /aou?a aiaea, oae
eae Oinoaeiae/ iaienae naith naaeueioth neioiieth ai a?aiy aeieaaeu a
Eaieia?aaea, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ii iiaiio Caeiio aai i?iecaaaeaiey
iiaeeaaeao io?aia aei 31 aeaeaa?y 2029 aiaea.

Iiieii i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca, eioi?ue i?eaae ian e auaiaeo, /oi ioieo 2
ia iiae?acoiaaaao i?eaeaiea caeiio ia?aoiie neeu, iiaeii oynieoue niune
yoie ii?iu oaeaea n iiiiuueth eaeneei-a?aiiaoe/aneiai oieeiaaiey. A
ioieoa 2 aiai?eony i i?iecaaaeaieyo, n?ie io?aiu eioi?uo aua ia “enoae”
ia iiiaio anooieaiey Caeiia a neeo, neaaeiaaoaeueii, yoa ii?ia eanaaony
eeoue i?iecaaaeaiee, a ioiioaiee eioi?uo n?iee aua “oaeee”, oi anoue
aaoi?neia i?aai ia oaeea i?iecaaaeaiey aua aeaenoaiaaei ia aeaoo
aaaaeaiey Caeiia a aeaenoaea. Yoi aua ?ac iiaeoaa?aeaeaao oi, /oi ioieo
2 iinoaiiaeaiey niaea?aeeo iieiaeaiea ia oaeeeiaiee n?ieia io?aiu a
neo/ayo, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo noaoueae 27 Caeiia a ioiioaiee i?iecaaaeaiee,
eioi?ua aua ia ia?anoaee io?aiyoueny a ?acoeueoaoa enoa/aiey
i?aaeinoaaeyaoaainy ii i?aaeiaio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao n?iea io?aiu.

Iaeiaei iaeioi?ua th?enou oieeotho niaea?aeaiea ioieoa 2 neaaeothuei
ia?acii: anee ia iiiaio aaaaeaiey Caeiia a aeaenoaea ni aeiy nia?oe
aaoi?a ia i?ioei aua 50-oe eao, oi e i?iecaaaeaieyi yoiai aaoi?a aoaeoo
i?eiaiyoueny i?aaeea ia en/eneaiee n?ieia io?aiu, i?aaeoniio?aiiua
noaoueae 27 Caeiia; e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, Caeii a ioiioaiee yoeo
i?iecaaaeaiee aoaeao aeaenoaiaaoue n ia?aoiie neeie.

Ii oaeia oieeiaaiea icia/aao, /oi caeiiiaeaoaeue i?aaeoniio?ae
aiciiaeiinoue aiciaiiaeaiey io?aiu a ioiioaiee i?iecaaaeaiee,
iaoiaeeaoeony ia iiiaio anooieaiey caeiia a neeo a noa?a iauanoaaiiiai
aeinoiyiey aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey n?ieia eo io?aiu, /oi i?ioeai?a/eo
iieiaeaieyi noaouee 18 Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, o/anoieoeae eioi?ie ?inney
yaeyaony. Iiieii ianiioaaonoaey ii?iai iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa,
i?eaeaiea caeiio ia?aoiie neeu ii?iaeeei au aicieeiiaaiea i?inoi iaeaiuo
neooaoeee ia i?aeoeea. I?eaaaeai neaaeothuee i?eia?:

Ienaoaeue Inei Iaiaeaeueooai oia? a niaaoneii eiioeeaaa?a a 1938 aieo.
Niaeanii noaoueyi 10 e 15 Iniia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Nithca NNN? ia
aaoi?neii i?aaa io 16 iay 1928 aiaea, n?ie io?aiu ninoaaeye a?aiy aeecie
aaoi?a iethn 15 eao iinea nia?oe, neaaeiaaoaeueii, n?ie io?aiu aai
aaoi?neeo i?aa enoae 31 aeaeaa?y 1952 aiaea. Iaeiaei Iaiaeaeueooai aue
/anoe/ii ?aaaeeeoe?iaai a 1956 aiaeo. O/eouaay oi, /oi niaeanii ioieoo 5
noaouee 27 caeiiai, a neo/aa, anee aaoi? aue ?ai?anne?iaai e
?aaaeeeoe?iaai iinia?oii, n?ie io?aiu aaoi?neeo i?aa ia/eiaao
aeaenoaiaaoue n 1 yiaa?y, neaaeothuaai ca aiaeii ?aaaeeeoaoeee.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, anee i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi Caeii eiaao ia?aoioth neeo, n
iiiaioa anooieaiey a neeo iiaiai caeiia i?iecaaaeaiey Iaiaeaeueooaia
aeieaeiu auee au io?aiyoueny aiiaue iinea oiai, eae 40 eao iie
iaoiaeeeenue a noa?a iauanoaaiiiai aeinoiyiey. Iieiay ?aaaeeeoaoeey
Iaiaeaeueooaia eiaea ianoi i?e Ai?aa/aaa a 1987 aiaeo, neaaeiaaoaeueii,
aai i?iecaaaeaiey noaee au aiiaue iauei aeinoiyieai eeoue /a?ac noieaoea
iinea aai nia?oe.

Ioieo 4 iinoaiiaeaiey ii?aaeaeyao noaeueao aaoi?neiai i?aaa
th?eaee/aneeo eeoe, aicieeoaai o ieo aei anooieaiey a neeo caeiia.
Caeanue ?a/ue eaeao, anoanoaaiii, ia i i?iecaiaeiii aaoi?neii i?aaa, a i
ia?aiia/aeueiii, aiciiaeiinoue aicieeiiaaiey eioi?iai auea
i?aaeoniio?aia a ii?aaeaeaiiuo neo/ayo (no. 485 e 486 AE ?NON?). I?e
yoii aaoi?neia i?aai ia ia?aie/eaaeinue eaeei-eeai n?ieii, a
aeaenoaiaaei aann?i/ii (no. 498 AE ?NON?). Iniiau A?aaeaeaineiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia i?aaeoniao?eaaee ie iaeiiai neo/ay aicieeiiaaiey
ia?aiia/aeueiiai aaoi?neiai i?aaa o th?eaee/aneeo eeoe. E aeaaea aieaa
oiai: a ioiioaiee eeii – e oaeaoeeueiia Iniiau i?yii i?aaeoniao?eaaee
iieo/aiea ecaioiaeoaeai aaoi?neeo i?aa ii aeiaiai?ai n aaoi?aie
ioaeaeueiuo i?iecaaaeaiee (i.5 no.135 Iniia). Iaeiaei aii?in i oii,
aoaeoo ee io?aiyoueny ia?aiia/aeueiua aaoi?neea i?aaa th?eaee/aneeo
eeoe, iiyaeaoeany aei aeaou aaaaeaiey Iniia a aeaenoaea ia oa??eoi?ee
?innee, oi anoue aei 3 aaaonoa 1992 aiaea, e, anee aea, oi a oa/aiea
eaeiai n?iea, inoaeny iao?aaoee?iaaiiui. Ioaao eiaiii ia yoio aii?in e
niaea?aeeo ioieo 4: yoe i?aaa nio?aiythony e aeaenoaotho e a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy, ii ia aann?i/ii, a a oa/aiea 50-oe eao iinea nicaeaiey eee
iaia?iaeiaaiey i?iecaaaeaiey. Yoi ia icia/aao, /oi Caeii ?ani?ino?aiyao
naia aeaenoaea a ioiioaiee ia?aiia/aeueiuo aaoi?neeo i?aa th?eaee/aneeo
eeoe ia i?ioeia a?aiy. Ii iiaiio Caeiio oaeea i?aaa iiaeeaaeao io?aia
eeoue a oa/aiea inoaaoaeny /anoe onoaiiaeaiiiai 50-eaoiaai n?iea io?aiu.

Ia iniiaa i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca oaenoa iinoaiiaeaiey i aaaaeaiee a
aeaenoaea Caeiia ?O “Ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao” y aeaeath
neaaeothuee auaiae: Caeii ii ?ani?ino?aiyao naia aeaenoaea ia
aaoi?nei-i?aaiaua ioiioaiey, eiaaoea ianoi aei anooieaiey aai a neeo, oi
anoue Caeii ia eiaao ia?aoiie neeu. Iaeiaei ioiineoaeueii aii?ina i
ii?yaeea aeaenoaey Caeiia ana-oaee iao aaeeiiai iiaiey eae o oai?aoeeia,
oae e o i?aeoeeia. O?oaeii naaa i?aaenoaaeoue, eaeea iineaaenoaey iiaeao
iiaea/ue ca niaie ?aciia oieiaaiea, e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ?aciia
i?eiaiaiea ii?i iinoaiiaeaiey ia i?aeoeea.

Aeoiaaony, /oi aaeeinoaaiiia n?aaenoai onoaiiaeoue aeaenoaeoaeueioth
aieth caeiiiaeaoaey – aeaoue ioeoeeaeueiia oieeiaaiea ii?i
iinoaiiaeaiey. Oi/aony iaaeayoueny, /oi i?e inouanoaeaiee oaeiai
oieeiaaiey aoaeoo i?eiyou ai aieiaiea eioa?anu eeoe, aeieaia a?aiy
eniieueciaaaoeo i?iecaaaeaiey, noaaoea iauanoaaiiui aeinoiyieai, a
aacaeiaiai?iii ii?yaeea e o/oaiu yeiiiie/aneea e eiua iineaaenoaey, aeey
iauanoaa a oeaeii, eioi?ua iiaeao iiaea/ue ca niaie oieeiaaiea ii?i
iinoaiiaeaiey eae i?eaeathuaai Caeiio ia?aoioth neeo.

CAEETH*AIEA.

A caeeth/aiea oioaeinue au aua ?ac iiae/a?eiooue, /oi aii?in ia ia?aoiie
neea aeaenoaey aaoi?nei-i?aaiauo ii?i – aii?in /?acau/aeii neiaeiue, e
?aoaiea aai caaeneo io iiiaeanoaa oaeoi?ia.

Ia iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiaii o?iaia ?aoaiea aii?ina ia ia?aoiie neea
aeaenoaey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia caaeneo eae io oeaeae, eioi?ua
noaayo ia?aae niaie aeiaiaa?eaathueany noi?iiu, oae e io ?aaeueiuo
aiciiaeiinoae yoeo no?ai.

Ecia/aeueiie caaea/ae Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee auei iinoaaeoue iiae io?aio
iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai i?iecaaaeaiee, eioi?ua aei caeeth/aiey ia?aie
iiiainoi?iiiae Eiiaaioeee ii aaoi?neiio i?aao ieeae ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiii
o?iaia ia io?aiyeenue. Eiaiii iiyoiio aue aaaaeai iaoaieci io?aiu n
ia?aoiie neeie, oi anoue io?aia iiaeeaaeaee ia oieueei i?iecaaaeaiey,
nicaeaiiua iinea eaou anooieaiey Eiiaaioeee a neeo, ii e nicaeaiiua aei
yoiai iiiaioa. Eiiaaioeeae auei noi?ioee?iaaii i?aaeei, eioi?ia, ia iie
acaeyae, yaeyaony aiieiuaieai iauaoai?aoe/aneiai i?eioeeia “caeii
ia?aoiie neeu ia eiaao” i?eiaieoaeueii e aaoi?neiio i?aao: i?iecaaaeaiea
ia iiaeao auoue aiiaue iinoaaeaii iiae io?aio, anee iii ia?aoei a iauaa
aeinoiyiea aneaaenoaea enoa/aiey n?iea i?aaeinoaaeaiiie io?aiu a no?aia,
aaea oaeay io?aia eno?aaoaony. I?e cae?aieaiee ia?aoiie neeu Eiiaaioeee
?ac?aaio/eeaie i?eieiaeenue ai aieiaiea aiciiaeiinoe no?ai,
caeeth/athueo Eiiaaioeeth e i?eniaaeeiythueony e iae. Eiaiii iiyoiio
auea i?aaeoniio?aia aiciiaeiinoue caeeth/aiey niaoeeaeueiuo Eiiaaioeee,
a niioaaonoaee n eioi?uie iiaeao i?eiaiyoueny “i?aaeei ia ia?aoiii
aeaenoaee”, a anee oaeiauo iao, Eiiaaioeey aeiioneaao ii?aaeaeaiea
eaaeaeie no?aiie aeey naay oneiaee i?eiaiaiey yoiai i?eioeeia. Iiieii
yoiai, aeey ii?aaeaeaiiuo no?ai nouanoaoao aiciiaeiinoue enoieeiaaoue
ii?iu i ii?yaeea aeaenoaey Eiiaaioeee, eae ia iaycuaathuea
i?aaeinoaaeyoue io?aio n ia?aoiie neeie.

A ioee/ea io Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee oeaeueth Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee ia
aaoi?neii i?aaa auei ioaaoeoue iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai no?ai,
iaoeeiiaeueiia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai eioi?uo ia iicaieyei n?aco
i?eniaaeeieoueny e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee, ii iie aiieia iiaee iiauneoue
o?iaaiue io?aiu aei o?iaiy Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee. I?e yoii, an? aea a
oeaeyo iaania/aiey aieueoaai eiee/anoaa no?ai-o/anoieoe, Eiiaaioeey ia
i?aaeoniao?eaaao i?aaeinoaaeaiey io?aiu n ia?aoiie neeie, oae eae iiiaea
ainoaea?noaa auee au ia a ninoiyiee i?eniaaeeieoueny n ia?aoiie neeie
aeaaea e Anaie?iie Eiiaaioeee.

Ia iaoeeiiaeueiii o?iaia aii?in ia ia?aoiie neea ia iaiaa aaaeai.
Caeiiiaeaoaeue, o/eouaay yeiiiie/aneoth, iieeoe/aneoth e nioeeaeueioth
neooaoeeth a no?aia ii?aaeaeyao, aoaeao ee eiaoue caeii ia?aoioth neeo,
a anee aoaeao, oi ia eaeea neo/ae e oaeou ii aoaeao ?ani?ino?aiyoueny.
Iaeiaei, o/eouaay oi, /oi ii?iu iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa neeueiaa ii?i
iaoeeiiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, ia iie acaeyae, niaa?oaiii
iaiaoiaeeii niaethaeaoue i?eioeei, noi?ioee?iaaiiue ioieoii 2 noaouee 18
Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee i?iecaieaiey, noaaoea iauei aeinoiyieai a
?acoeueoaoa enoa/aiey n?iea io?aiu ia iiaeeaaeao aica?auaieth a noa?o
/anoiiai i?aaa.

Iaiaoiaeeii aeoeaioe?iaaoue aieiaiea ia niioaaonoaea oi?ioee?iaee
ia?aoiaeiie ii?iu aeaenoaeoaeueiie aiea, iaia?aieth caeiiiaeaoaey.
Iaoi/iinoue oi?ioee?iaie ii?iaeaeaao aiciiaeiinoue iaiaeiicia/iiai
oieeiaaiey, /oi iiaeao i?eaanoe ia oieueei e o?oaeiinoyi a i?aeoeea
i?eiaiaiey aaoi?nei-i?aaiauo ii?i, ii e e iieiiio eca?auaieth aiee
caeiiiaeaoaey, /oi a eiia/iii eoiaa io?aceony ia aeecie iauanoaa a
oeaeii.

NIENIE EEOA?AOO?U

A?aiaaa ?. “?inney iaycaeanue io?aiyoue i?aaa aaoi?ia”, Ecaanoey, 14
ia?oa 1995 aiaea.

Aaaaiei A. “Ai?ianoai eae iieeoeea”, Eieaeiia iaic?aiea, ?7, 1995 aiae.

Aiaoneaaneee I. I. “Aii?inu aaoi?neiai i?aaa a iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
ioiioaieyo”, Iineaa, Iaoea, 1973 aiae.

Auno?ia A. “*aai a Aa?ia ia oaaoaao?”, Eieaeiia iaic?aiea ?6, 1995 aiae.

Ai?iieiaa I. “N?ie aeaenoaey aaoi?neiai i?aaa”, ?inneeneay thnoeoeey
?2, 1995 aiae.

Ai?iieiaa I. “Ii nooe aea ieacaeinue, /oi e Aa?ineie Eiiaaioeee ?inney
ia i?eniaaeeieeanue”, Eieaeiia iaic?aiea, ?13, 1995 aiae.

Aaa?eeia Y.I. “Ia ia?aoiie neea aeaenoaey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia ii
aaoi?neiio i?aao”, Atheeaoaiue ii aaoi?neiio i?aao, 1992 aiae.

Aaa?eeia Y.I. “Aeaai?iaenoai-oi iaaei i?iyaeyoue ca naie n/ao”,

Eieaeiia iaic?aiea, ?15, 1995 aiae.

Aaa?eeia Y.I. “Ia ia?aoiie neea aeaenoaey Caeiia ia aaoi?neii i?aaa e
niaaeiuo i?aaao”, ?inneeneay thnoeoeey, ?2, 1995 aiae (e ae?oaea aai
?aaiou)

Aeooaiei E. “Aa?ineee o?aoaieueiee”, Eieaeiia iaic?aiea, ?52, 1994
aiae.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua Eiiaaioeee ia aaoi?neii i?aaa, Eiiiaioa?ee, Iineaa,
“I?ia?ann”, 1982 aiae.

A oae aea ?aaiou: Ii?iaeoeeiai A., Iooeiianeiai I., Oniaineiai A.,
Oeiaoeia Ae. e ae?oaeo aaoi?ia.

PAGE

PAGE 31

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019