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Водноэнергетические расчеты

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Кафедра «Гидротехническое и энергетическое строительство»

Курсовой проект:

«Водноэнергетические расчеты»

Минск 2008

Содержание

Содержание 2

Введение 3

1. Регулирование стока графическим способом 4

1.1 Построение гидрографов естественных и возможных к использованию
расходов 4

1.2 Расчет регулирования стока методом графических построений 6

2. Определение мощностей ГЭС по водотоку и средневзвешенного напора 9

3. Выбор установленной мощности ГЭС 12

4. Расчет емкости суточного регулирования ГЭС 15

5. Составление паспорта водноэнергетических характеристик ГЭС 17

Литература 19

Введение

Курсовой проект выполняется с целью освоения методики определения
основных энергетических параметров ГЭС. Полученные в результате этих
расчетов параметры (установленная мощность и выработка электроэнергии,
значения расходов и колебаний уровней воды в водохранилище и нижнем
бьефе и др.) необходимы для проектирования гидротехнических сооружений,
выбора оборудования, выполнения технико-экономических обоснований.

1. Регулирование стока графическим способом

1.1 Построение гидрографов естественных и возможных к использованию
расходов

Гидрограф естественного стока реки вычерчивается по значениям заданных
среднемесячных расходов за расчетный период.

Для более точного определения мощностей проектируемой ГЭС, обеспеченных
по воде и напору, расчеты регулирования стока необходимо вести по
расходам реки, возможным к использованию.

Для этого в гидрограф естественного стока вносятся коррективы, связанные
с учетом потерь воды из водохранилища на фильтрацию, испарение и
льдообразование.

Потери воды на фильтрацию оцениваются приближенно по заданной высоте
слоя воды, теряемой в течение года из водохранилища, при среднем
наполнении его емкости.

Годовой объем воды, теряемой на
фильтрациюpicscalex100010009000003d6000000020017000000000005000000090200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, определяется с помощью кривой расходов: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.

Фильтрационный расход предполагается равномерным в течение года:
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Потери воды на дополнительное испарение за тот или иной отрезок времени
в виде слоя воды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 определяются как разность между испарением с поверхности воды и с
суши.

В курсовом проекте годовой объем потерь на испарение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 определяется по высоте годового слоя испарения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 при среднем наполнении водохранилища: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.

Помесячные расходы потерь воды на испарение зависят от внутригодового
распределения среднего испарения:
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Рi – доля испарения в iом месяце, %;
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 – продолжительность месяца, с.

Для юго-восточного района

МесяцыIIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIРI, %11371617191711521Qи,
м3/с0,0080,0080,020,050,0120,0130,0140,0130,0080,040,0150,008

Потери воды на льдообразование в условиях сравнительно высокой степени
зарегулирования стока носят временный характер (возвратные) и не
вызывают заметного ухудшения энергетических характеристик водотока. С
учетом этого корректировка гидрографа реки на льдообразование не
производится.

МесяцыQестественный, м3/сQф, м3/сQи, м3/сQполезный, м3/сQср,
м3/сI260,130,00825,862111,7693II250,130,00824,862III370,130,0236,85IV920
,130,0591,82V1760,130,012175,858VI2510,130,013250,857VII2130,130,014212,
856VIII2410,130,013240,857IX1490,130,008148,862X670,130,0466,83XI360,130
,01535,855XII300,130,00829,862I170,130,00816,86295,76925II160,130,00815,
862III240,130,0223,85IV780,130,0577,82V1170,130,012116,858VI1950,130,013
194,857VII2620,130,014261,856VIII2250,130,013224,857IX1280,130,008127,86
2X520,130,0451,83XI190,130,01518,855XII180,130,00817,862I320,130,00831,8
62162,0193II120,130,00811,862III580,130,0257,85IV1240,130,05123,82V2340,
130,012233,858VI3280,130,013327,857VII3750,130,014374,856VIII3160,130,01
3315,857IX2590,130,008258,862X1120,130,04111,83XI540,130,01553,855XII420
,130,00841,862Qср за 3 года123,1859

1.2 Расчет регулирования стока методом графических построений

Расчеты по регулированию стока заключаются в последовательном во времени
сопоставлении объемов притока и потребления воды.

По гидрографу откорректированных расходов в косоугольной системе
координат строится ИКС. Ординаты ИКС определяются как разность между
суммарным фактическим стоком и условным равномерным за период от начала
регулирования до расчетного момента времени. Расчет удобно вести в
табличной форме.

ГодМесяц?t, 106сQ, м3/сФактический сток, 106 м3Фиктивный сток,
106 м3Разность стока,
106 м31I25,8622,68069,31069,310330,138330,138-260,828II24,8622,42060,166
129,476298,110628,248-498,772III36,8502,68098,758228,234330,138958,386-7
30,152IV91,8202,590237,814466,048319,0521277,438-811,390V175,8582,680471
,299937,347330,1381607,576-670,229VI250,8572,590649,7201587,067319,05219
26,628-339,561VII212,8562,680570,4542157,521330,1382256,766-99,245VIII24
0,8572,680645,4972803,018330,1382586,904216,114IX148,8622,590385,5533188
,570319,0522905,956282,615X66,8302,680179,1043367,675330,1383236,094131,
581XI35,8552,59092,8643460,539319,0523555,146-94,606XII29,8622,68080,030
3540,570330,1383885,284-344,7142I16,8622,68045,1903585,760330,1384215,42
2-629,662II15,8622,42038,3863624,146298,1104513,532-889,386III23,8502,68
063,9183688,064330,1384843,670-1155,607IV77,8202,590201,5543889,618319,0
525162,722-1273,104V116,8582,680313,1794202,797330,1385492,860-1290,063V
I194,8572,590504,6804707,477319,0525811,912-1104,435VII261,8562,680701,7
745409,251330,1386142,050-732,799VIII224,8572,680602,6176011,867330,1386
472,188-460,321IX127,8622,590331,1636343,030319,0526791,240-448,210X51,8
302,680138,9046481,934330,1387121,378-639,443XI18,8552,59048,8346530,769
319,0527440,429-909,661XII17,8622,68047,8706578,639330,1387770,568-1191,
9293I31,8622,68085,3906664,029330,1388100,706-1436,677II11,8622,42028,70
66692,735298,1108398,816-1706,081III57,8502,680155,0386847,773330,138872
8,954-1881,181IV123,8202,590320,6947168,467319,0529048,006-1879,539V233,
8582,680626,7397795,206330,1389378,144-1582,937VI327,8572,590849,1508644
,356319,0529697,195-1052,839VII374,8562,6801004,6149648,970330,13810027,
334-378,363VIII315,8572,680846,49710495,467330,13810357,472137,995IX258,
8622,590670,45311165,919319,05210676,523489,396X111,8302,680299,70411465
,624330,13811006,662458,962XI53,8552,590139,48411605,108319,05211325,713
279,395XII41,8622,680112,19011717,299330,13811655,85161,447

Регулирование стока должно вестись с учетом наиболее эффективного его
использования, отвечающего требованиям не только гидроэнергетики, но и
других водопользователей.

При регулировании стока по интегральным кривым сопоставление
полезно-бытовых приточных расходов с проектируемыми потребными расходами
также выражается в интегральной форме, т.е. проведением интегральной
кривой потребления при заданных полезном объеме водохранилища Vп=680·106
м3 и режиме регулирования – с обеспечением орошения Qор=25 м3/с. Для
этого строится вспомогательная интегральная кривая-эквидистанта. Она
проводится смещенной вниз по вертикали на величину полезного объема
водохранилища и образует зону, в пределах которой строится интегральная
кривая отдачи.

2. Определение мощностей ГЭС по водотоку и средневзвешенного напора

Проведение интегральной кривой потребления в соответствии с режимом
работы ГЭС позволяет построить гидрограф среднемесячных зарегулированных
расходов, а также хронологические графики изменения УВБ и УНБ, напоров и
мощностей ГЭС по водотоку.

УВБ для каждого интервала времени определяются по объему воды в
водохранилище с помощью топографической характеристики.

Для построения графика колебаний УНБ используются значения
зарегулированных расходов, возможных к использованию ГЭС и определяемых
по линии потребления, а также кривую связи уровней в створе
проектируемой ГЭС и расходов воды в НБ.

Полезный напор ГЭС в общем случае определяется как разность статического
напора и потерь напора в энергетических водоводах.

МесяцУВБ, мУНБ, мНапор, мQ м3/сМощность NГЭС, 103кВтВыработка Э,
106кВт·чЭ·Н,
106кВт·ч·мНстНI401237,1163,9162,3479113,43281,67113258,43II396237,1158,9
157,3479109,93879,15512454,30III391237,1153,9152,3479106,44576,64011675,
32IV391237,1153,9152,3479106,44576,64011675,32V391238,2152,8147,22149,41
94,536140,06620620,50VI406238,2167,8162,22149,4214,357154,33725036,54VII
410238,2171,8166,22149,4219,643158,14326286,46VIII424237,9186,1181,85130
,4209,735151,00927460,89IX427,8237,9189,9185,65130,4214,118154,16528620,
55X424237187185,6573,4120,52686,77916110,76XI421237184182,6573,4118,5798
5,37715594,29XII416237179177,6573,4115,33383,03914752,21I408237171169,65
73,4110,13979,30013453,49II399237162160,6573,4104,29675,09312063,96III39
2237155153,6573,499,75271,82111035,55IV391237154152,6573,499,10371,35410
892,38V391237154152,6573,499,10371,35410892,38VI398237,8160,2156,19126,6
174,895125,92519668,57VII411237,8173,2169,19126,6189,452136,40523078,87V
III427237,7189,3185,53122,8201,509145,08726917,97IX427,8237,7190,1186,33
122,8202,378145,71227150,61X426237,2188,8187,1681134,08596,54118068,63XI
418237,2180,8179,1681128,35492,41516556,99XII409237,2171,8170,1681121,90
687,77214935,31I399237,2161,8160,1681114,74282,61413231,44II391237,2153,
8152,1681109,01078,48711942,63III391238153148,58132,9174,655125,75218684
,73IV391238153148,58132,9174,655125,75218684,73V391238153148,58132,9174,
655125,75218684,73VI405239,3165,7146,81274,9356,949257,00337729,98VII418
239,3178,7159,81274,9388,557279,76144707,92VIII424239,3184,7165,81274,94
03,145290,26548128,07IX427,8239,3188,5169,61274,9412,385296,91750359,36X
426237,6188,4185,08115,2188,582135,77925130,28XI420237,6182,4179,08115,2
182,469131,37723527,35XII413237,6175,4172,08115,2175,336126,24221724,01?
14985,7933702473,2

Потери напора в энергетических водоводах деривационных ГЭС определяются
по зависимости:
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picscalex100010009000003a20200000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024004a01a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbdffffff601a0000fd0300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000f00010000000fb0205fee300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a6701040301000000280010000000fb0205fee3000000
00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320a6701b20901000000290009000000fa020000100000000000000022000400
00002d0100000500000014020002f10205000000130200021f0d0500000014020002b00e
0500000013020002fa1317000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01020004000000f0010100
08000000320ab401f11901000000340008000000320ae002b91201000000320008000000
320ae002020a01000000320017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc04020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320a6002d71702000000313008000000320a60028d160100000035000800
0000320a6002851501000000320008000000320a8c03e41101000000390009000000320a
8c035c0f030000003237340008000000320a70014a1301000000310009000000320a7001
e010030000003139300008000000320a7001ae0f01000000310008000000320a7001c40e
01000000300008000000320a69012c0802000000313508000000320a6901420701000000
300008000000320a6901840402000000303508000000320a690176030100000030001000
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01
020004000000f001010008000000320ab4016c19010000002d0010000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320a6002711701000000d70008000000320a60025d14010000003d000800
0000320a70017a1001000000d70008000000320a6002820d010000003d0008000000320a
69013a0601000000b80008000000320a6002c301010000003d0017000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81
040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a60025116010000002c0008000000
320a8c03a811010000002c0008000000320a70012c13010000002c0008000000320a7001
900f010000002c0008000000320a8c037b0901000000290008000000320a8c0316060100
0000510008000000320a8c03620501000000280008000000320a6901280a010000004800
08000000320a69010e08010000002c0008000000320a69014204010000002c0008000000
320a60024600010000004b0017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc04020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01010004000000f001
020009000000320ae002580703000000c3ddd10009000000320aec032a07030000006d61
780009000000320ac901660b030000006d6178000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100
0000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc
040000002d01020004000000f0010100030000000000

По величинам зарегулированных расходов и полезных напоров для каждого
расчетного интервала времени может быть определена мощность ГЭС по
водотоку по зависимости:
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picscalex100010009000003750100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02400220111200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0100000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200cca9040000002d01000008000000320a8001251001000000
390008000000320a80011d0f01000000300008000000320a8001290c0200000039320800
0000320a8001210b01000000300008000000320a8001f30802000000393808000000320a
8001eb0701000000300017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cca9040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320a8001e90f010000002c0008000000320a8001ed0b010000002c0008000000
320a8001b708010000002c0017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc04020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cca9040000002d01000004000000f001
010008000000320ae001e40501000000e30008000000320ae001360401000000f2000800
0000320ae001270101000000e00010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002
001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a8001fa0d
010000003d0008000000320a8001970a01000000d70008000000320a8001c80601000000
3d0008000000320a8001ee0401000000680008000000320a800143030100000068000800
0000320a80012002010000003d0008000000320a800134000100000068000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000

По вычисленным значениям мощностей строится хронологический график
изменения мощностей ГЭС, обеспеченных зарегулированным водотоком и
напором:
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Хронологический график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 дает наглядную картину последовательности изменения мощностей
ГЭС. Для полноты представления о работе ГЭС и характеристики мощности
ГЭС с точки зрения ее обеспеченности необходимо построить график
обеспеченности мощностей ГЭС. Обеспеченность той или иной мощности ГЭС
определяется по формуле: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m – порядковый номер мощности в убывающем ряду мощностей ГЭС;

n – общее число мощностей ГЭС в ряду.

Величина средневзвешенного по выработке напора ГЭС Нср.вз определяется
по формуле:
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3. Выбор установленной мощности ГЭС

Величина установленной мощности ГЭС зависит как от мощности
зарегулированного водотока, так и от условий работы ГЭС в
электроэнергосистеме. Установленная мощность ГЭС состоит из трех частей: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.

Гарантированная мощность ГЭС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определяется исходя из обеспеченного по воде ее участия в покрытии
определенной части расчетного суточного графика нагрузки
электроэнергосистемы, составленного на перспективу. Из всех возможных
среднесуточных мощностей ГЭС по водотоку с помощью графика их
обеспеченности по значению расчетной обеспеченности Рр=75% назначается
величина обеспеченной мощности ГЭС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. По этой мощности определяется обеспеченная
суточная выработка электроэнергии ГЭС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.

С целью учета развития электроэнергосистемы на перспективу почасовые
ординаты заданного суточного графика нагрузки рекомендуется умножать на
поправочный коэффициент К=1,3 (на конец первой пятилетки).

Размещение обеспеченной выработки в суточном графике нагрузки
электроэнергосистемы и определение гарантированных мощностей ГЭС
производится с помощью анализирующей кривой Э=f(Р).

Проектируемая ГЭС должна принимать максимальное участие в покрытии пика
суточного графика нагрузки. При этом предполагается, что на ГЭС имеется
возможность вести неограниченное суточное регулирование стока
(picscalex100010009000003bf000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 может
размещаться в любой части графика нагрузки).

В нижний бьеф необходимо пропускать санитарный расход Qсан=11,9 м3. В
базисе графика нагрузки электроэнергосистемы размещается базисная
мощность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 (Н=166 м – средне
декабрьский напор ГЭС) и соответствующая ей выработка электроэнергии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, отвечающие санитарному расходу.

Остальную часть обеспеченной среднесуточной выработки электроэнергии ГЭС
целесообразно разместить в пике графика нагрузки электроэнергосистемы
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.

Суточный график мощностей ГЭС при таком режиме ее работы может быть
получен совмещением базисной и пиковой зон в графике нагрузки, а
величина гарантированной мощности – суммированием базисной и пиковой
составляющих
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Дополнительная мощность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, как
правило, имеет место на ГЭС с ограниченным длительным регулированием
речного стока, когда возможные среднесуточные мощности по водотоку
значительно превосходят гарантированную мощность.

Определение величины дополнительной мощности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 требует
специальных энергоэкономических расчетов. В первом приближении можно
принимать обеспеченность по водотоку суммы мощностей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 в пределах 10/15%. Следовательно, дополнительная мощность ГЭС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. Располагать на ГЭС дополнительную мощность нет
необходимости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.

Резервная мощность должна обеспечивать бесперебойную работу
электроэнергосистемы в целом. На предварительной стадии проектирования
ее величина может быть принята равной 10% от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, т.е.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.

Установленная мощность ГЭС:
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.

4. Расчет емкости суточного регулирования ГЭС

Так как от ГЭС при ее работе в пиковой части суточного графика нагрузки
требуется резкопеременный мощностной режим, обеспечиваемый пропуском
через ее турбины переменных расходов воды, возникает необходимость в
определении величины объема для перераспределения суточного притока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.

Расчет суточного регулирования ГЭС производится графоаналитическим
способом с помощью интегральной кривой турбинного стока. Для этого
подсчитываются расходы воды через гидротурбины:

picscalex1000100090000037e0100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c028004c00a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffaeffffff800a00002e0400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000f00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
4002d60405000000130240027e0a17000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc87040000002d01010008000000
320a2b04c80901000000e00008000000320a2b049d0801000000690009000000320afd00
6d0703000000c3ddd10008000000320a0902380701000000690009000000320af4017001
03000000c3ddd10008000000320a00033b0101000000690017000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc870400
00002d01020004000000f001010008000000320acb03660701000000cd0008000000320a
a9011f06010000004e0008000000320aa0022e0001000000510010000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320acb03d20801000000680017000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000
00cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc87040000002d010200
04000000f001010008000000320acb03f20502000000383108000000320acb039e050100
00002c0008000000320acb03e40401000000390010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001
000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000
320aa002a803010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000
fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d010200
04000000f0010100030000000000

picscalex100010009000003bf0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400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 – значение
мощности ГЭС;
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 – напор ГЭС, м (принимается постоянным и равным
среднедекабрьскому напору ГЭС Нср=166);
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 – КПД гидроагрегата.

Часыpicscalex10001000900000336010000020017000000000005000000090200000000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,4411,9042,83802217,4411,9085,67604317,4411,90128,514
1417,4411,90171,3521517,4411,90214,1901617,4411,90257,0281717,4411,90299
,8661817,4411,90342,7041947,9432,71460,459610106,4472,62721,9091193,4463
,75951,42651221,9414,971005,3181317,4411,901048,1561417,4411,901090,9941
573,9450,451272,61316281,94192,371965,14517369,69252,242873,21818376,192
56,683797,25619327,44223,414601,5520236,44161,325182,31921164,94112,5455
87,4632286,9459,325801,0142321,9414,975854,9062417,4411,905897,744

По полученному гидрографу расходов через ГЭС строится интегральный
график суточного турбинного стока.

Регулирующая суточная емкость или полезный объем бассейна суточного
регулирования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 определяется в масштабе
объемов расстоянием по вертикали между верхней и нижней касательными к
интегральной кривой турбинного стока, проведенными параллельно
направлению луча, отвечающего среднему расходу ГЭС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.

Отношение объема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 к обеспеченному среднесуточному притоку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 определяет значение относительной регулирующей
емкости.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picscalex100010009000003280200000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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picscalex100010009000003e30100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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5. Составление паспорта водноэнергетических характеристик ГЭС

1. Характеристики естественного стока и водохранилища:

1. Среднегодовой сток W=3905,8·106м3

2. Полезный объем водохранилища Vп=680·106м3

3. Коэффициент емкости водохранилища ??=17,4%

4. Максимальный среднемесячный расход Qmax=374,856/с

5. Минимальный среднемесячный расход Qmin=11,862м3/с

6. Среднемноголетний расход Qср=123,19м3/с

2. Характеристика зарегулированного режима ГЭС:

1. Максимальный зарегулированный расход
picscalex100010009000003df0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02600200031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb7ffffffc0020000170200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200cc87040000002d01000009000000320af4006d0103000000
e7e0f00017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200cc87040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a
a0012e0001000000510017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc87040000002d01000004000000f0010100
09000000320a00024201030000006d6178000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc0400
00002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000=274,9м3/с

2. Минимальный зарегулированный расход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73,4м3/с

3. Объем холостого сброса Wсбр=0 м3

4. Объем используемого стока Wисп=3905,8·106м3

5. Коэффициент использования стока Кисп=100%

6. Напоры:

Максимальный Нmax=190,1 м

Минимальный Нmin=152,8 м

Средневзвешенный Нср. вз=166,06 м

7. Среднегодовая выработка электроэнергии ГЭС

по зарегулированному водотоку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,3·106кВт·ч

8. Среднесуточная обеспеченная мощность ГЭС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·103 кВт

9. Обеспеченная суточная выработка электроэнергии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,64·106 кВт·ч

10. Гарантированная мощность ГЭС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·103кВт

11. Установленная мощность ГЭС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,5·103кВт

12. Максимальная мощность ГЭС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,4·103кВт

13. Минимальная мощность ГЭС
picscalex100010009000003ff0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024002e0041200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb7ffffffa0040000f70100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320aa001d003010000003d0017000000fb0220ff00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc810400
00002d01010004000000f001000009000000320af400990103000000c3ddd10017000000
fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e20
43797200cc81040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320aa0014c0001000000
4e0017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01010004000000f001000009000000320a0002
6b01030000006d696e000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02
1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0100000400
0000f001010003000000000017,44·103кВт

14. Максимальный расход ГЭС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,68 м3

15. Минимальный расход ГЭС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,9 м3

16. Максимальный УНБ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,3 м

17. Минимальный УНБ
picscalex100010009000003fe0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02400240041200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb7ffffff00040000f70100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320aa0011d03010000003d0017000000fb0220ff00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc810400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320af4005d0102000000cdc117000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e204379
7200cc81040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320aa0014000010000005a00
17000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01010004000000f001000009000000320a00023601
030000006d696e000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000
070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000
f0010100030000000000237 м

18. Обеспеченный среднесуточный приточный расход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19. Обеспеченный суточный приток
picscalex100010009000003460100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c028002e00b1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb7ffffffa00b0000370200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000700017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200ccd0040000002d01000008000000320af4003c0b01000000
330008000000320af4007b0901000000330017000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000
00cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccd0040000002d010100
04000000f001000008000000320aa001ed0702000000313009000000320aa0015d040400
00003634383017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccd0040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000
320aa001330a01000000ec0008000000320aa001160001000000570017000000fb0220ff
0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200
ccd0040000002d01010004000000f001000009000000320a0002500103000000f1f3f200
10000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000204000000
2d01000004000000f001010008000000320aa001870701000000d70008000000320aa001
3b03010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000
070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000
f0010000030000000000

20. Среднесуточный расход ГЭС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21. Регулирующая суточная емкость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22. Коэффициент суточной емкости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Литература

1. Методические указания к курсовому проекту «Водноэнергетические
расчеты» по курсу «Гидроэлектрические станции» для студентов
специальности 29.04 – «Гидротехническое строительство» И.В. Синицын
Минск 1990.

2. Гидроэлектрические станции/ Под ред. В.Я. Карелина, Г.И. Кривченко.
3е изд. Перераб. и доп. – М.: Энергоатомиздат, 1987. – 446 с.

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