.

Вьетнам

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 484
Скачать документ

AUeAOIAI

AAIA?AOE*ANEIA IIEIAEAIEA

Ioeoeeaeueiia iacuaaiea – Nioeeaeenoe/aneay ?anioaeeea Aueaoiai.
Oa??eoi?ey no?aiu ninoaaeyao 330 oun. ea. ei. Aueaoiai caieiaao /anoue
iieoino?iaa Eiaeieeoae e a?aie/eo n Eeoaai, Oaeeaiaeii, Eainii e
Eaiaiaeaeie. N thaeiie e ainoi/iie noi?iiu Aueaoiai eiaao aeeeiioth
aa?aaiaoth eeieth – 3260 ei e iiuaaaony oaieui THaeii-Eeoaeneei ii?ai.
E?iia oa??eoi?ee ia iaoa?eea, Aueaoiaio i?eiaaeeaaeao iaeioi?ua ino?iaa:
Eiiaeai, aaea aaaeaony ?uaiue i?iiunae, Ooeoe, ?a, Oyi e ae?oaea.

Aieueooth /anoue no?aiu caieiatho ai?u, ia neeoeii aunieea, ii
aeeaiieniua. Aeaa naiua e?oiiua aueaoiaineea ?aee Iaeiia e Oiiaoa i/aiue
iieiiaiaeiu, iie aiaaeatho a THaeii-Eeoaeneia ii?a. A aeaeueoao ?ae
?aniieiaeaiu naiua ieiaei?iaeiua caiee a no?aia e iaaethaeaaony
iaeaieueoay ieioiinoue ianaeaiey. A aeaeueoa Oiiaoa iaoiaeeony noieeoea
Aueaoiaia Oaiie.

Ai?u aei 700 i aunioie ia naaa?a no?aiu e aei 1300 i auniou ia thaa
iie?uou aoeiuie o?iie/aneeie eanaie – aeaeoiaeyie. AEeaioiue e
?anoeoaeueiue ie? Aueaoiaia i/aiue ?aciiia?acai, a no?aia ian/eouaaaony
ieiei 60 caiiaaaeieeia, 12 iaoeeiiaeueiuo ia?eia. Ioaeuo ai Aueaoiaia
i?eianao iiiai ?aaeinoe ethaeoaeyi aeeaie i?e?iaeu.

Aaaeaony no?iaee o/ao /eneaiiinoe ?aaeeeo aeeaioiuo – oea?ia e neiiia,
iini?iaia, eaiia?aeia e iaioa?. O?iie/aneea aa/iicaeaiua eana Aueaoiaia
ecaanoiu aieueoei eiee/anoaii oeaiiuo ii?iae aea?aaa – caeanue,
iai?eia?, ?anooo naiaeaeiaia, e?aniia e /a?iia, aeaeaciia aea?aai e
iiiaea eaea?noaaiiua yecioe/aneea ?anoaiey. Oa?aeoa?ii aeey Aueaoiaia e
aieueoia ?aciiia?acea ioeoe, i?aniueathueony e ianaeiiuo, a aio
e?ieiaeeeu aeeaoo oieueei ia oa?iao, a aeeeie i?e?iaea eo oaea ia
inoaeinue. E?anioa o?iie/aneie i?e?iaeu i?aa?auaao oo?u ai Aueaoiai a
ianoiyuaa oaeiaieuenoaea io yecioeee.

EEEIAO

Eeeiao Aueaoiaia ionniiiue, noao?iie/aneee e o?iie/aneee, n iaeioi?uie
?acee/eyie oaiia?aoo? n naaa?a ia tha. *oiau ioaeuo ai Aueaoiaia,
iniaaiii ieyaeiue, ieacaeny i?eyoiui, ioaeii iciaeiieoueny ca?aiaa n
eeeiaoe/aneeie iniaaiiinoyie no?aiu. Ii oo?enoo, eioi?ue i?eia?aoaao
oo?u ai Aueaoiai, aaaeii iiiyoue, /oi a ethaia a?aiy aiaea ia
iiaa?aaeuea anoue ianoa n nieia/iuie aeiyie, oaieie oaiia?aoo?ie ii?y e
yniie, aacaao?aiiie iiaiaeie, eiaaea iiaeii n eiioi?oii caai?aoue e
eoiaoueny.

Ai Aueaoiaia iao y?ei au?aaeaiiie ceiu eee eaoa, a ii i?e/eia ionniiiiai
eeeiaoa ?acee/athony aieaa e iaiaa aeaaeiua naciiu. Oaiia?aoo?u
eieaaethony ia aieaa /ai ia 3 a?aaeona a oo eee ae?oaoth noi?iio. Ec-ca
ionniiiiai eeeiaoa eaoii ai Aueaoiaia i?ioeaaeiaa, /ai ia eo?i?oao
Oo?oeee eee Aaeioa, a ceiie – ai?acaei oaieaa.

Nacii aeiaeaeae – a?aiy, eiaaea inaaeee eaeoo ii/oe aaeaaeiaaii, io
iieo/ana aei aeaoo /ania a nooee. Ia/aei e eiiaoe naciia iaiythony a
caaeneiinoe io ?aeiia no?aiu.

Anee au oioeoa iinaoeoue ai?iae Oaiie, yoi eo/oa anaai naeaeaoue n
na?aaeeiu naioya?y aei ia/aea aeaeaa?y eee aea n ia?oa e aei eiioea iay.
Eaoii a Oaiia auaaao i/aiue aeiaeaeeeai, a ceiie oaiia?aoo?a eieaaeaony
io +10°N aei +15°N. A Oioeieia, auaoai Naeaiia, iiaeii inoaiaaeeaaoueny
e?oaeue aiae. Ii a eaoiaa a?aiy caeanue aiciiaeiu aeiaeaee. Oaiia?aoo?a
iinoiyiiay, +26-28°N. Aeaaeiinoue – ieiei 80%. A Oioeieia ia auaaao
oaeooiia, ii eaoiee eeaaiue iiaeao aucaaoue ii?neie ooi?i.

Iiioey?iue ino?ia Oaioueao i?eaeaeaao naiei oaieui eeeiaoii. Eaoii, n
ia?oa e aei aaaonoa, caeanue aea?ei: +32-35°N, aao?a iao e aiaea a ii?a
i/aiue oaieay. Caeanue oi?ioi ioaeuoaoue n aeaoueie. N naioya?y
noaiiaeony /ooue i?ioeaaeiaa e aao?aiaa, ii ia oieiaeiaa, +27°N,
iiaeieiaaony ii?neie aaoa?, eioi?ue i/aiue iiaeoiaeeo na?oeiaenoai.

Ae?oaie ecaanoiue eo?i?oiue ino?ia – Ooeie. Eeeiao yoiai eo?i?oa
aeaeeony ia aeaa naciia – nooie, n iiya?y ii ia?o, e aieaa aeaaeiue – n
ai?aey aei na?aaeeiu ieoya?y. Oaiia?aoo?a aicaeooa e?oaeue aiae ieiei
+30°N n iacia/eoaeueiuie naciiiuie eieaaaieyie.

Iuey *aia – caia/aoaeueiue ii?neie eo?i?o n eaeaaeueiuie iiaiaeiuie
oneiaeyie n ia?oa ii aaaono. A yoe ianyoeu aicaeoo a Iuey *aiaa
i?ia?aaaaony aei +33-35°N, iaai y?eia, nieioea naaoeo aac auoiaeiuo, a
ii?a i/aiue i?ic?a/iia, /enoia e oaieia. A naioya?a noaiiaeony
i?ioeaaeiaa, aeotho aao?u, eaeao aeiaeaeue, neo/athony oeaaeu e oaeooiu.
Ceiie – nooi e i?ioeaaeii, +20-22°N.

Iiiaea ieyaee Aueaoiaia i/aiue e?aneau, a iniiaiii yoi ian/aiua aethiu n
cieioenoui ianeii e iaeueiaie iiiaeaeue. Ii?a ecoi?oaeiiai oeaaoa, /ai
thaeiaa eo?i?o – oai aieueoa aa?iyoiinoue i/aiue iyaeiai aeiaeaeeeaiai
naciia e aieueoa aiciiaeiinoae aeey iieiioeaiiiai ioaeuoa e?oaeue aiae.

IANAEAIEA

Aueaoiai – no?aia n eioa?aniie enoi?eae, ooiaeyuae aaeoaue aaeia, e
i/aiue aieueoie ieioiinoueth ianaeaiey. Caeanue i?iaeeaaao aieaa 54
yoie/aneeo a?oii, ia?iaeia e ia?iaeiinoae, ii ieiei 85% ianaeaiey –
aueaoiaioeu. Oaeoeu, eeoaeoeu, eaiaiaeaeeeoeu – naiua aieueoea a?oiiu
ae?oaeo iaoeeiiaeueiinoae. Ianaeaiea Aueaoiaia – 87 iei. /aeiaae.

?aeeaeiciue ninoaa ianaeaiey no?aiu, a neeo nioeeaeenoe/aneiai i?ioeiai,
– ieiei 80% aoaenoia, a oaeaea aoaeaeenou, eaoieeee e ae?oaea.
Ai?iaeneia ianaeaiea ninoaaeyao ieiei 28%, inoaeueiua aeeaoo a
aea?aaiyo.

AUeAOIAI A*A?A E NAAIAeIss

Enoi?ey Aueaoiaia ciaao iiiai ae?aiaoe/aneeo iiiaioia, eiaaea ia?iaeo
i?eoiaeeeinue ai?ioueny ca naith naiaiaeo. No?aia a ae?aaiinoe
?acaeaaeanue iiae i?ioaeoi?aoii Eeoay, caoai i?eia?aea iacaaeneiinoue,
ii a XIX a. ieacaeanue iiae eieiieaeueiie aeanoueth O?aioeee. A aaaonoa
1945 a. ai Aueaoiaia aue eeeaeaee?iaai eieiieaeueiue no?ie, e aeanoue a
no?aia caoaaoeee eiiioienou. Iacaaeneiinoue no?aiu oaeaeinue ionoiyoue.
Ii Aueaoiai iaeioi?ia a?aiy aue ?acaeaeai ia aeaa /anoe – Naaa?ioth e
THaeioth.

A 1976 a. a ?acoeueoaoa iiaaaeu a aieia n NOA Aueaoiaio oaeaeinue
iauaaeeieoue no?aio a aaeeiia oeaeia. N 1986 a. i?aaeoaeuenoai Aueaoiaia
i?iaiaeeo iieeoeeo iaiiaeaiey, i?e eioi?ie a no?aio noaei aiciiaeii
eiaanoe?iaaoue eaieoaeu, a anai caeioa?aniaaiiui eeoeai ?ac?aoeee
?acaeaaoue ianoiia /anoiia i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai. Iinoaiaiiay
eeaa?aeecaoeey aeaea i/aiue oi?ioea ?acoeueoaou. Aueaoiai ainnoaiiaee
aeeieiiaoe/aneea ioiioaiey ni anaie ainoaea?noaaie e noae /eaiii AOI.

Aueaoiai i/aiue aiaao i?e?iaeiuie ?ano?naie. Caeanue anoue oaeueoiaay
iaooue e aac, aieneou, oinoaou, iaeioi?ua ae?oaea iieaciua eneiiaaiua.
Naeueneia oicyenoai i?iecaiaeeo iiiaeanoai i?iaeoeoeee ia yenii?o:
eao/oe, eioa, ?en, ?aciua aeaeu /ay, niaoeee, naoa?iue o?inoiee e
aaiaiu. I?iiuoeaiiinoue no?aiu – yoi, a iniiaiii, ia?a?aaioea
naeueoici?iaeoeoeee, aeiau/a iaooe e aaca. ?acaeoa eaaeay
i?iiuoeaiiinoue – i?iecaiaenoai iaeaaeaeu e iaoae, ea/anoaaiiiai
oaenoeey. Eiaaea oo?enou ec ?innee i?eacaeatho ai Aueaoiai oeaiu ia
iiiaea e?aneaua e ea/anoaaiiua aaue eaaeoony ei nianai iaaunieeie.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy noa?a oo?ecia ia/eiaao i?eiineoue no?aia aieueoea
aeioiaeu, e iiiaea aeeoaee Aueaoiaia ?aaioatho a noa?a ianeoaeeaaiey.

ssCUE

Ainoaea?noaaiiue ycue – aueaoiaineee. Nouanoaoao naia ea?iaeeoe/aneia
ienueii ae?aaiaai i?ienoiaeaeaiey, ii nia?aiaiiay ienueiaiiinoue
iniiaaia ia eaoeineii aeoaaeoa, oae /oi eiino?aioeu iiaoo /eoaoue
auaanee e iacaaiey naiaiaeii. Ioaee Aueaoiaia iiaeae?atho
eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiue ia?niiae, eioi?ue aeaaeaao eiino?aiiuie ycueaie, /aua
anaai aiaeeeneei e o?aioeocneei.

A iineaaeiaa a?aiy, oae eae oo?u ai Aueaoiai noaee i/aiue iiioey?iu
n?aaee ?inneyi, a ioaeyo iiyaeeenue aiai?yuea ii-?onnee nio?oaeieee.
Ioaee Aueaoiaia na?oeoeoee?oaony a niioaaonoaee n iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
nenoaiie, i?eiyoie a oo?enoneii aeciana. I?eaaoeeaue e aaaeeeaue
ia?niiae ioee/aaony aieueoei aieiaieai ei anai ainoyi e ethaui eo
iiaeaeaieyi.

AAETHOA

Aeaiaaeiay aaeeieoea, i?eiyoay ai Aueaoiaia, iacuaaaony aeiia, ?aaiue 10
oai e 100 no. A ia?auaiee ano?a/athony aaieiiou iiieiaeii 1, 2, 5, 10,
20, 30, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10 000, 20 000, 50 000 e
100 000 aeiiaia. Anee au ioi?aaeoanue a yoo iniaaiii ainoai?eeiioth ii
ioiioaieth e ?onneei oo?enoai no?aio ia ioaeuo Aueaoiai iieaaeaony aai
ianoii, aaea ethayo aia?eeaineea aeieea?u. E?iia iaee/iuo aeieea?ia e
aeiiaia, au iiaeaoa ?anieaoeoueny a ainoeieoeao e noia?ia?eaoao
e?aaeeoiuie ea?oaie Visa e Master Card, a oaeaea /aeaie Traveller’s
Cheque. Anee au ethaeoa oiiieia e iinaoeoa Aueaoiai oeaiu ia iiiaea
i?eaeiaeueiua e ecyuiua ecaeaeey ianoiiai i?iecaiaenoaa aan i?eyoii
oaeeayo. Ecuneaiiua ni?oa /ay, iaoo?aeueiue oaee, oe?aoaiey, ea?oeiu
ianoiuo ooaeiaeieeia, ecaeaeey ec ae?aaioeaiiuo ii?iae aea?aaa – aio
aeaeaei ia iieiue ia?a/aiue i?ae?aniuo noaaie?ia e iiaea?eia, eioi?ua
oo?enou i?eaicyo ec Aueaoiaia. I/aiue oi?ioay iaeaaeaea e iaoaue
ianoiiai i?iecaiaenoaa – aua iaeia aiciiaeiinoue auaiaeii
?anii?yaeeoueny naieie aeaiueaaie.

AY?III?OU

Ay?iii?o Oi Oe Ieia – iaeaieaa e?oiiue ay?iii?o Aueaoiaia. Aoi?ie ii
aaee/eia – iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ay?iii?o Iie Aye a Oaiia. Ay?iii?o a ai?iaea
Aeaiaia oaeaea ioe?uo aeey iaeioi?uo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aaea?aenia. Anee
au ioi?aaeyaoanue ia ioaeuo ai Aueaoiaia, au iiaeaoa i?eauoue a yoo
no?aio /a?ac Aaiaeie, ay?iii?o Oaeeaiaea – caeanue i?ecaieythony
naiieaou ec aceaoneeo e aano?aeeeneeo ai?iaeia.

O?AINII?O

A ai?iaeao Aueaoiaia auaiaeii iieueciaaoueny oaene – yoi nianai
iaaei?iai. Aaoiaonu e iee?iaaoiaonu iau/ii ia?aiieiaiu ianoiui
ianaeaieai, ia?aaeaeaathony i/aiue iaaeeaiii. Ana ioaee Aueaoiaia
i?aaeeaaatho neoaeao oaene aei ethaiai ianoa. Noieiinoue iinaaeee –
$0,50, e aeaeaa ca eaaeaeue eeeiiao? – $0,5.

*AAAUA

A oaeeo no?aiao, eae Aueaoiai Eaiaiaeaea, i?eiyoi inoaaeyoue /aaaua a
?acia?a 5-10% io noiiu n/aoa oaenenoai, aeaeai, oaaeoea?ai.
O?oaeiethaeaaa e aaaeeeaia ianoiia ianaeaiea aini?eieiaao oaeea iiaea?ee
n aeaaiaea?iinoueth. Ioaee Aueaoiaia ioee/athony i?ae?aniui na?aenii.

IAeAAEAeA

A eaeia a?aiy aiaea au ie i?eia?aoaaoa oo?u Aueaoiai ia?aaeoao aan
nieia/iie e i/aiue oaieie iiaiaeie. Eo/oa anaai iineoue naaoeoth e
eaaeoth iaeaaeaeo ec iaoo?aeueiuo oeaiae. Anee au ioi?aaeyaoanue a
ceiiea ianyoeu, a aeaeaa?a-oaa?aea, ia ai?enoue naaa? Aueaoiaia,
aicueieoa n niaie oaieua aaue – caeanue auaaao i?ioeaaeii, +10-15°N, a
auniei a ai?ao – aei 0°N. Anee au ioi?aaeyaoanue ioaeioiooue a
aeiaeaeeeaue nacii (ia thaa no?aiu yoi a?aiy n iay ii iiya?ue, a ia
naaa?a – n naioya?y ii oaa?aeue), iiaeaeoenoa, ia caaoaeueoa acyoue n
niaie ciioee.

YEAEO?E*ANOAI

Iai?yaeaiea a yeaeo?inaoe 220 A.

A?AIss

Aueaoiaineia a?aiy iia?aaeaao iineianeia ia 3 /ana eaoii e ia 4 /ana –
ceiie.

IAAACEIU E AAIEE

Iaaaceiu ?aaioatho: n 7.30 aei 11.30 eee n 8.00 aei 12.00 e n 13.00 aei
17.00 eee n 13.30 e aei 17.30. Aaiee ai Aueaoiaia ?aaioatho n 8.30 aei
17.00, aaieiiaou – e?oaeinooi/ii. Ioeoeeaeueiua auoiaeiua – noaaioa,
aine?anaiuea.

AECIAUE ?AAEEI

I?e iiacaeea ia n?ie aei 15 aeiae a?aaeaeaia ?innee eiatho aiciiaeiinoue
iinauaoue no?aio a aacaeciaii ?aaeeia. Ainoae ec ?innee, i?eacaeathueo
ia ioaeuo Aueaoiai ano?a/aao n iniaaiiui ainoai?eeinoaii.

OAIIAEAIIUA I?AAEEA

Au iiaeaoa aaacoe ai Aueaoiai ethaia eiee/anoai aaethou, ii aai eo/oa
caaeaeea?e?iaaoue anth noiio, oae eae i?e auaica aaethou noiia ia
aeieaeia i?aauoaoue eiee/anoai aaacaiiie aaethou. ?ac?aoaaony aaiceoue
ai Aueaoiai 400 neaa?ao, 50-100 neaa?, 1,5 e aeiii-aiaei/iuo ecaeaeee
e?aiinoueth auoa 22 a?aaeonia e 2 e – e?aiinoueth ieaea 22 a?aaeonia, 2
aaiee (100-a?aiiiaua) /a?iie eee e?aniie ee?u e iiaea?ee, iauay
noieiinoue eioi?uo ia i?aauoaao $300.

I?e auaica ec no?aiu eiiia?/aneeo oiaa?ia eee ecaeaeee aunieie oeaiiinoe
aai iio?aaoaony ?ac?aoaiea oaiiaeaiiie neoaeau. Au ia eiaaoa i?aaa
auaiceoue ec Aueaoiaia aioeeaa?eao e ae?aaioeaiiua eaiie. Ii ana aea,
anee n?aaieoue n iiacaeeaie a ae?oaea no?aiu e iniaaiii n?aaieoue yoo
no?aio e ae?oaea yecioe/aneea oo?u Aueaoiai – iaeii ec naiuo auaiaeiuo
iano aeey i?eia?aoaiey i/aiue e?aneauo e ea/anoaaiiuo aauae.

AeIIIEIEOAEUeIAss EIOI?IAOeEss

A ai?iaeao Aueaoiaia onoaiiaeaiu oaeaoiiiua aoaeee n aiciiaeiinoueth
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie nayce, ioeoaea iiaeii caiieoue a ?inneth, eniieuecoy
ea?oi/eo. Oaeea aaoiiaou i/aiue oaeiaiu. Aeey iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai caiiea
iaaa?eoa 00 ia?aae eiaeii no?aiu, a aeey caiiea aioo?e Aueaoiaia – 0.
Ae?oaay aiciiaeiinoue naycaoueny n ?inneae – iicaiieoue ec ia?aaiai?iiai
ioieoa, /a?ac iia?aoi?a.

Oaeea no?aiu, eae Aueaoiai Eaiaiaeaea, eiatho ia ianoieueei ?acaeoua
n?aaenoaa nayce, eae no?aiu Caiaaeiie Aa?iiu, ii n eaaeaeui aiaeii
caeanue noaiiaeony ana aieueoa aiciiaeiinoae aeey naiuo iiauo e
ea/anoaaiiuo niiniaia eiiioieeaoeee. Iineianeea iia?aoi?u ION e Aeeaei
eiatho niaeaoaiey n aueaoiaineeie iia?aoi?aie iiaeeueiie nayce, naiua
yeiiiie/iua – Vinaphone e GPC.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019