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Строительство и заканчивание скважин

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13

Министерство образования Российской Федерации

Уфимский Государственный Нефтяной

Технический Университет

Кафедра бурения

нефтяных и газовых скважин

Курсовой проект по дисциплине

“Заканчивание скважин”

Выполнил:

ст. гр. ГБ-98-01 /Диндарьянов А.Р./

Проверил: /Сакаев Р.М. /

Уфа 2002

Введение

В данном проекте рассматриваются вопросы заканчивания скважины .
Исходные материалы были получены автором проекта во время прохождения
второй производственной практики в Мегионском УУБР.

Заканчивание скважин является важным этапом в процессе строительства
скважины. При этом неправильные расчёты или несоблюдение технологии
может привести к значительному материальному ущербу.

По мнению автора проекта ныне применяемые технологии не всегда приводят
к нужному результату. Следует применять более современные методы:
эксплуатация скважин открытым забоем (если это возможно), установка
фильтров, использование устройства селективной изоляции пластов и др.

Также требуют рассмотрения вопросы цементирования скважин. В УУБР имели
место случаи недоподъёма цемента до заданной глубины и другие осложнения
при креплении скважин.

Для проектирования выбрана скважина № 407 куста № 49 Покомасовского
месторождения, которое входит в группу площадей разбуриваемых Мегионским
УУБР

1 Общие сведения о районе ведения работ

Площадь,месторождение Покомасовское

Год ввода площади в бурение 1996

Область Тюменская

Округ Ханто-Мансийский Район Нижневартовский

Температура воздуха

-средне годовая, с -40 -30

-наибольшая летняя, с +35

-наименьшая зимняя, с -58

Максимальная глубина промерзания грунта м, 2,0

Продолжительность отопительного периода, сут 277

Преобладающее направление ветров

-зимой юг-з

-летом с-в

Наибольшая скорость ветра, м/с 21

Многолетнемерзлые породы, м

-кровля 100

-подошва 350

Рельеф местности Равнинный, слабо всхолмленный

Состояние местности Заболоченная, с озерами и реками

Толщины-снежного покрова,см от 50 до 160

-почвенного слоя, см 30

Растительный покров Смешанный, сосново-березовый

Категория грунта Торфяно-болотные пески, суглинки, супеси, глины

2 Литолого – стратиграфическая характеристика разреза скважины

Стратиграфический разрез скважины, элементы залегания и коэффициент
кавернозности пластов.

Таблица 1

Глубина залегания, мСтратиграфическое подразделениеЭлементы залегания
(падения) пластов по подошве

Коэффициент кавернозности интервалаОт

(кровля)До

(подошва)

название

индексуголГрад.Мин.12345670

50

150

240

340

520

700

800

950

1120

1140

1980

2100

245050

150

240

340

520

700

800

950

1120

1140

1980

2100

2450

2615

Четвертичные отл.

Журавская свита

Новомихайловская св.

Алтымская свита

Чеганская свита

Люлинворская свита

Талицкая свита

Ганькинская свита

Берёзовская свита

Кузнецовская свита

Покурская свита

Алымская свита

Вартовская свита

Мегионская свитаQ

P2/3

P2/3

P1/3

P1/3-P3/2

P2/2

P1

K2

K2

K2

K2+K1

K1

K1

K1-

1

1

1

1-

301.45

1.45

1.45

1.45

1.45

1.25

1.25

1.25

1.25

1.25

1.25

1.25

1.25

1.25

Литологическая характеристика разреза скважины.

Таблица 2

Индекс стратиграфического подразделения Интервал

Описание горной породыОт

(вверх)До

(низ)1234Q

P2/3

P2/3

P1/3

P1/3-P3/2

P2/2

P1

K2

K2

K2

K2+K1

K1

K1

K1

0

50

150

240

340

520

700

800

950

1120

1140

1980

2100

245050

150

240

340

520

700

800

950

1120

1140

1980

2100

2450

2615Пески, глины, суглинки

Пески, глины

Пески, глины, алевролиты

Глины, пески

Глины

Глины, опоки

Глины

Глины

Глины, опоки

Глины

Глины, пески, песчаники, алевролиты

Глины, алевролиты, аргиллиты, песчаники

Аргиллиты, песчаники, алевролиты, глины

Аргиллиты, алевролиты, песчаники

Давление и температура по разрезу скважины.

Таблица 3

Индекс стратиграфического подразделенияИнтервал, мГрадиентОт

(вверх)До

(низ)Пластовое

давлениеГидроразрыва

породГорного

давленияГеотермическийВеличина

кгс/см2

на м.Источник полученияВеличина

кгс/см2

на м.Источник полученияВеличина

кгс/см2

на м.Источник полученияВеличина

0С на 100 м.Источник получения1234567891011Q – P1/3

P1/3 – K2

K2

K2 – K1

K10

500

950

1140

1980

500

950

1140

1980

2615Рпл=

Ргд.стат

0,100

0,100

0,100

0,100Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт

0,2

0,2

0,2

0,2

0,2Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт0,22

0,22

0,22

0,22

0,22

Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт

Расчёт3,5

3,5

3,5

3,5

3,5РФЗ

РФЗ

РФЗ

РФЗ

РФЗ

Физико – механические свойства горных пород по разрезу скважины.

Таблица 4

Индекс

страти-графичес-

кого подраз-деленияИнтервал, мКраткое название горной

породы

Плот-ность, г/см3

Порис-тость, г/см3

Прони-цаемость, Дарси

Глинисость,

%

Карбонатность,

%

Предел

теку-чести,

кгс/мм2

Твёрдость, кгс/мм2

Коэффициент пластичности

АбразивностьКатегория

породы по

промысловой

классификации

(мягкая, средняя и т.п.)

От

(верх)До (низ)1234567891011121314К2+К1

К1

(ПК 19)

К1

(БС 10)

К1

(БС 11)

1140

1915

2450

25451865

1930

2470

2565песок

песчаник

песчаник

песчаник

2,0

2,10

2,14

2,1723-36

24-32

20

19

0,5

0,152

0,152

0,152

12-18

21-23

10

113-10

3-16

3-10

3-106-17

9-213

9-213

9-213-

14-234

14-234

14-234-

1,1-4,5

1,1-4,5

1,1-4,52

6-9

3-9

3-9М

М, С

С

С

3 Обоснование конструкции скважины применяемой на

данной площади

Для предотвращения разливов бурового раствора е на устье устраивается
шахта с заглублением на 2 м от поверхности.

При бурении под кондуктор проходят сквозь слой рыхлых и неустойчивых
песчаников и глинистых пород люлинворской свиты.

Осложнения при прохождении отложений люлинворской свиты связаны с тем,
что люлинворские глины могут испытывать пластическую деформацию в
сторону наименьшего сопротивления, в результате чего может происходить
сужение вплоть до полного перекрытия сечения ствола бурящейся скважины.
В связи с этим требуется решать основную проблему – укрепление стенок
скважины. Для бурения под кондуктор предусматривается использовать
остаток раствора, оставшийся от бурения предыдущей скважины, и
свежеприготовленный раствор из бентонитового глинопорошка, обработанный
химическими реагентами.

Кондуктор диаметром 245мм должен спускаться на глубину не менее 50м ниже
ММП т. е на 400м. Учитывая вероятные осложнения при дальнейшем
углублении скважины кондуктор спускается на глубину 750м. Цементируется
до устья.

При бурении под эксплуатационную колонну основные проблемы, которые
требуется решать, следующие: предупреждение нефтегазопроявлений,
предупреждение прихвата бурильного инструмента при прохождении через
проницаемые пласты и обеспечение максимально возможной степени
сохранения коллекторских свойств продуктивных пластов. Эксплуатационная
колонна диаметром 146мм спускается на проектную глубину и цементируется
до уровня , на 100м выше башмака кондуктора. Глубины скважин колеблются
от 2000-3000 м в зависимости от назначения скважин. Максимальный отход
забоя 1000м.

Расчитаем индексы давления по следующей формуле из [ 1 ]:
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.

Результаты расчёта сведём в таблицу 5.

Таблица 5

Интервал

Литология

Рпл

МПа

Рпогл

МПа

КА

Кпогл

0-500

Q-P1/3

4,9

9,8

0,99

1,99

500 – 950

Р1/3-К2

9,3

18,6

0,99

1,99

950-1140

К2

11,2

22,4

1

1,99

1140-1980

К2-К1

19,4

33

1

1,69

1980-2615

К1

25,7

41

1

1,59

По результатам расчёта построим график 1
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2d010200040000002d010300040000002d010600040000002701ffff030000001e000400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4 Оборудование устья скважины

Выбор колонной головки:

Ру=Рпл-picscalex100010009000003ad000000020015000000000005000000090200000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Ру=25,7*106-840*9,8*2615=4,1 МПа

Выбирается колонная головка ОКК1-14-245-168.

Предлагается выбрать схему обвязки ПВО применяемую на данной площади.

Рис. 1 Схема обвязки противовыбросового оборудования.

1-Впомогательный пульт; 2-станция гидравлического управления;
3-разъемный желоб; 4-фланцевая катушка; 5-универсальный превентор;
6-плашечный превентор; 7-манометр с запорным и разрядным устройствами и
разделителем сред; 8-задвижка с ручным управлением; 9-регулируемый
дроссель с ручным управлением; 10-отбойная камера с разрядным
устройством; 11-сепаратор; 12-задвижка с гидравлическим управлением;
13-устьевая крестовина; 14-обратный клапан; 15-фланец; 16-пульт
управления гидроприводным дросселем; I-блок дросселирования; II-в
систему сжигания газа; III-в систему очистки; IV-прямой сброс; V-линия
дросселирования; VI-устье скважины; VII-линия глушения; VIII-к буровым
насосам; IX-к насосным установкам или прямой сброс; X-блок глушения.

5 Технологическая оснастка обсадной колонны

Кондуктор комплектуется трубами отечественного производства с резьбой
ОТТМ. На нижней трубе устанавливается башмак БК-245, на следующей трубе
устанавливается дроссельный обратный клапан ЦКОД 245-2 без шара.
Центраторы ЦЦ-4-245/295 устанавливаются через 50 метров по длине
кондуктора.

Эксплуатационная колонна комплектуется трубами с резьбой ОТТМ. Низ
эксплуатационной колонны оснащается следующими технологическими
элементами (снизу вверх): башмак БК-146; перфорированный патрубок
обратный клапан ЦКОД-146 без шара, пакера ПГПМ-146-1; спиральные
(турбулизирующие) жесткие центраторы ЦСЖ-146, центрирующие пружинные
фонари, устанавливаются в интервале интенсивного набора параметров
кривизны с целью надежного центрирования эксплуатационной колонны и
соответственно качественного цементирования интервала скважины выше
пакера ПГПМ-146-1.

По мнению автора применеие пружинных фонарей не всегда оправдано.Следует
применять (на ответственных участках) центраторы с изменяемой
геометрией. Несмотря на их высокую стоимость качество крепления при их
использовании значительно увеличивается.

Таблица 6

КонструкцияТип резьбового соединенияГерметизирующее
средствоКондукторОТТМР-2МВП, Р-402Эксплуатационная колоннаОТТМР-402,
ГТМ-3

6 Подготовка ствола к спуску и спуск обсадных колонн

1 .Запрещается приступать к спуску обсадных колонн в скважину,
осложненную поглощением бурового раствора, флюидопроявлениями, осыпями и
обвалами, затяжками и посадками бурильной колонны.

2.Для предотвращения осложнений в процессе спуска кондуктора ствол
скважины шаблонируется КНБК, которой закончили бурение под кондуктор.
Перед спуском кондуктора скважина промывается в течение двух циклов.

3.По достижении бурением проектной глубины производится промывка
скважины в течение двух циклов. Аналогично производится промывка после
заключительного каротажа.

При осложнениях ствола (посадки инструмента, наличие уступов, сужений и
т.п.), а также в случае простоев или продолжительности каротажа более
12ч. производится проработка ствола скважины КНБК, использовавшиеся при
последнем долблении. Скорость проработки в интервалах осложнений не
более 100-120м/час. Максимальная скорость спуска инструмента с промывкой
не более 4м/с. При подъеме КНБК обеспечивается постоянный долив.

4.Спуск обсадной колонны осуществляется в соответствии со следующими
требованиями:

· спуск осуществляется на клиновых захватах, соответствующих размеру и
массе обсадной колонны;

· резьбовые соединения докрепляются машинными ключами с моментомером.

· скорость спуска эксплуатационной колонны в интервале до кровли
покурской свиты не должна превышать 1,0 м/с, ниже 0,4 м/с

· промежуточную промывку ствола в неосложненной скважине производят с
глубины 1000 м через каждые 300 м спуска обсадных труб;

промежуточную промывку при возникновении осложнений (посадки, затяжки и
т.п.) проводят, начиная с интервала возникновения осложнения через
каждые последующие 200м спущенных труб; для предотвращения прихвата при
заполнении и промывках следует колонну держать в подвешенном состоянии и
периодически расхаживать; циркуляцию восстанавливают одним насосом;
продолжительность промывки на конечной глубине должна быть не менее
одного цикла; давление на устье при промывке не должно вызывать
гидроразрыва пород и поглощения; в случае обнаружения поглощения
переходят на промывку насосом со сниженной подачей; при потере
циркуляции колонну поднимают до глубины, на которой проводилась
предыдущая промывка и восстанавливают циркуляцию при минимальной подаче.
При возобновлении спуска повторное использование ранее извлеченных из
скважины обсадных труб запрещается.

Спуск обсадных колонн проводятся по плану, составленному буровым
предприятием и утвержденному в установленном порядке. К плану
прилагаются данные для расчета колонны, коэффициенты запаса прочности
колонны, результаты расчета колонны, а также акт о готовности буровой
установки к спуску колонны. Особое внимание должно уделяться подготовке
ствола скважины перед спуском эксплуатационной колонны с пакером (при
необходимости проводятся работы по шаблонированию или проработке ствола
скважины при заданных параметрах бурового раствора). Место установки
пакера в стволе скважины указывается геологической службой бурового
предприятия на основании данных геофизических исследований скважины. Не
допускается установка пакера в зонах каверн.

При спуске обсадной колонны с пакером рекомендуется производить
профилактические промывки скважины при обязательном применении фильтра,
устанавливаемого под рабочей трубой. При появлении посадок обсадной
колонны необходимо снижать скорость спуска обсадной колонны при
прохождении пакером интервала ствола скважины, склонных к сужению, чтобы
предотвратить гидроразрыв пластов. Не следует допускать при спуске
обсадной колонны с пакером посадок ее на величину, превышающую 15% от
веса спущенной колонны в вертикальном стволе и 30% – в наклонном. При
превышении спуск колонны необходимо прекратить и скважину промыть до
устранения посадок. По окончании спуска обсадной колонны скважина
промывается до выравнивания параметров бурового раствора.

7 Расчёт обсадной колонны

Основными расчётами обсадных колонн, являются расчёты на наружное и
внутреннее избыточное давление и расчёт на растяжение.

Исходные данные для расчёта эксплуатационной колонны.

Таблица 7

НаименованиеРазмерностьУсловное обозначениеЧисленное
значение1234Расстояние от устья скважины:

– до башмака колонны

– до башмака предыдущей колонны

– до уровня цементного раствора

– до уровня жидкости в конце эксплуатации

– докровли продиктивного пласта

Плотность:

– опрессовочной жидкости

– бурового раствора колонной

– цементного раствора за колонной

– облегчённого цементного раствора за колонной

– жидкости в колонне

Длина участка цементного раствора по вертикали

Длина участка глиноцементного раствора по вертикали

Давление опрессовки на устье

Пластовое давление в кровле продуктивного пласта

м

м

м

м

м

г/см3

г/см3

г/см3

г/см3

г/см3

м

м

МПа

МПа

L

L0

h

hкэ

hпп

picscalex100010009000003ad0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02400260021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffff20020000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e00cc86040000002d01000008000000320ae001300102000000eeef1000
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01
010004000000f001000008000000320a80014c000100000072000a00000026060f000a00
ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379
7374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000

picscalex100010009000003ad0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400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picscalex100010009000003ad0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400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picscalex100010009000003ae0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400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picscalex100010009000003ad0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400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H1

H2

Pоп

Рпл

2615

630

530

1200

2450

1.00

1.12

1.83

1.48

0.84

945

1140

13.7

25.7

Расчёт на внутреннее давление действующее на колонну.

Определим давление на устье при условии, что скважина заполнена
пластовой жидкостью:

picscalex100010009000003fc0100000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02400300201200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbaffffffc01f0000fa0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000700015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e00cc86040000002d01000009000000320a6002a01c03000000cccfe000
15000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e000086040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6002480802000000
674c15000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e00cc86040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a600267030100
0000d00008000000320a6002460001000000d00015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001
010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc86040000002d0101000400
0000f001000008000000320ac002a90701000000ed0008000000320ac002510402000000
efeb08000000320ac002440101000000f30015000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000
00000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000086040000002d01000004000000
f001010008000000320a6002ff1a01000000310008000000320a60029f1a010000002e00
08000000320a6002df1901000000340009000000320a60026c1504000000323631350800
0000320a6002501302000000383108000000320a6002f012010000002e0008000000320a
6002301201000000390009000000320a6002420f030000003834300008000000320a6002
3f0d01000000370008000000320a6002df0c010000002e0008000000320a60025f0b0200
0000323510000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6002b718010000003d0008000000
320a6002dc1401000000d70008000000320a6002ac1101000000d70008000000320a6002
410e010000002d0008000000320a6002370a010000003d0008000000320a600294050100
00002d0008000000320a60023302010000003d0010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001
010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000
320a6002b9060100000072000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000
fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d010100
04000000f0010000030000000000.

Определим давление опрессовки на забое:
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.

Где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- опрессовочное давление на
устье скважины.

Определим давление в конце эксплуатации:
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.

Построим график внутренних давлений.

График 2.
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fc06b005200000000000000058f4130092f6003000000000000000000000000000001300
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70c0013000000000000000000c00000000000000db1c0a550000000021008a01db1c0a55
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1b00000010000000560000008a0000003600000010000000590000008a0000001b000000
100000005600000076000000360000001000000059000000760000001b00000010000000
5600000061000000360000001000000059000000610000001b0000001000000056000000
4d0000003600000010000000590000004d0000001b000000100000005600000038000000
360000001000000059000000380000001b00000010000000590000003800000036000000
1000000005020000380000001b00000010000000590000003b0000003600000010000000
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380000001b00000010000000b80000003b0000003600000010000000b800000038000000
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10000000170100003b000000360000001000000017010000380000001b00000010000000
470100003b000000360000001000000047010000380000001b0000001000000076010000
3b000000360000001000000076010000380000001b00000010000000a60100003b000000
3600000010000000a6010000380000001b00000010000000d50100003b00000036000000
10000000d5010000380000001b00000010000000050200003b0000003600000010000000
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55000000340000000a0200008e0000001b00000010000000db0000003800000014000000
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0c000000ffffffff2100000008000000250000000c00000003000000250000000c000000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ffffff00140000000c0000000d000000120000000c000000010000003600000010000000
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000000000000000000000000000013008cf2130000000000f009c8059cf11300bd8b1630
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0000000000000000000000006cf1130070c0013000000000000000000c00000000000000
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ffffffff2100000008000000250000000c00000004000000250000000c00000005000080
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00000000ffffffffffffffffb400000012043d0443044204400435043d043d0438043504
20003404300432043b0435043d0438044f04200034043504390441044204320443044e04
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250000000c0000000d000080250000000c00000004000000250000000c00000007000080
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2d010b00040000002d010a00050000000102ffffff000500000009020000000004000000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Расчёт на наружное давление действующее на обсадную колонну.

В не зацементированном интервале заполненным промывочной жидкостью,
наружное давление определяется, как гидростатическое от столба
промывочной жидкости.
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.

В зацементированном интервале до затвердевания цемента, давление
определяется по давлению столба промывочной жидкости и цементного
раствора.

picscalex100010009000003840100000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c026002000f1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffffc00e0000060200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000700015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e000086040000002d01000008000000320a80013f0e0100000029000800
0000320a8001b60a01000000280015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000086040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320a8001790d01000000680008000000320a80014c0b010000004c0008000000
320a8001d80901000000670008000000320a8001ef0402000000676815000000fb0280fe
0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc860400
00002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a8001460001000000d00015000000fb02
20ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc86
040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ae001c60802000000f6f008000000
320ae001500401000000ed0008000000320ae001300101000000ed0010000000fb0280fe
0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000
f001010008000000320a8001660c010000002d0008000000320a8001b106010000002b00
08000000320a80012602010000003d0010000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000002
0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a8001
dd0701000000720008000000320a800160030100000072000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000.

В случае когда обсадная колонна зацементирована разной плотности, то
допускается использовать среднюю плотность раствора с учётом длины
каждого интервала.
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 .

Отсюда получим наружное давление до затвердевания цемента:
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.

Определим наружное давление после затвердения цемента:
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,

где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- гидростатическое давление
столба промывочной жидкости;
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 –
гидростатическое давление жидкости содержащейся в порах затвердевшего
цемента.
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Построим график наружных давлений.

График 3.
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9000050000001302a8004f010500000014023f0058000500000013025300900005000000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Определим внутренние избыточные давления действующие на обсадную
колонну.

В общем случае внутренние давления определяются как разность внутренних
и наружных давлений на один и тот же момент времени, когда внутреннее
давление в колонне достигает максимальных значений. Как правило это
бывает при опрессовке обсадной колонны. Избыточное давление определяется
для характерных точек, а распределение давления между ними принимается
линейно.

По графику 1 и 2 определим характерные точки:
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При определении внутреннего избыточного давления в продуктивной зоне
пласта вне осложнённых условий, вводится коэффициент разгрузки
цементного кольца – К. Это обусловлено допущениями которые приняты при
составлении методики расчёта. Для обсадных колонн диаметром 146 мм,
К=0,25.

picscalex90010009000003f803000002001500000000000500000009020000000004000
00002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005000
0000b0200000000050000000c028005e03c1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000
000c0ffffffb5ffffffa03c0000350500000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650
000300115000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657
720526f6d616e00cc81040000002d01000009000000320adc04913903000000cccfe0001
5000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6
d616e000081040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a7101ab1e010000004
b0008000000320a7101431901000000680008000000320a71011617010000004c0008000
000320a71019c1501000000670008000000320a7101b41002000000676808000000320a7
101b60a02000000674c15000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696
d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc81040000002d01000004000000f0010100080000003
20a7101990401000000d00008000000320a7101460001000000d00015000000fb0220ff0
000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc8104000
0002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ad1018a1402000000f6f008000000320ad
101b00f01000000e60008000000320ad101a80902000000eeef08000000320ad101b6060
1000000f30008000000320ad101800502000000eeef08000000320ad1012a0102000000e
8e715000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e6577205
26f6d616e000081040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320adc04133702000
000393608000000320adc04b336010000002e0008000000320adc04f3350100000037000
8000000320adc04fc3301000000290008000000320adc048232020000003235080000003
20adc042232010000002e0008000000320adc04623101000000300008000000320adc047
72f01000000310008000000320adc04172f01000000280009000000320adc04f52c03000
00029295d0009000000320adc04b62a030000003533300009000000320adc04792604000
0003236313508000000320adc04ef2501000000280008000000320adc04d923020000003
83108000000320adc047923010000002e0008000000320adc04b92201000000390009000
000320adc040c1f040000003131303009000000320adc04a11b030000003533300008000
000320adc04911902000000383108000000320adc043119010000002e0008000000320ad
c04711801000000390009000000320adc04c414040000003132303008000000320adc046
41401000000280008000000320adc04971201000000290009000000320adc049d0f04000
0003236313508000000320adc04810d02000000383108000000320adc04210d010000002
e0008000000320adc04610c01000000390009000000320adc04b40804000000313030300
8000000320adc04570502000000313008000000320adc040204010000003700080000003
20adc04a203010000002e0008000000320adc04220202000000313308000000320adc044
401020000005b2808000000320a7101d61f01000000290008000000320a7101ae1c01000
000310008000000320a71014e1c01000000280009000000320a7101f019030000007d295
d0008000000320a71015c16010000007b0008000000320a7101210e01000000280008000
000320a7101540c01000000290008000000320a71018503020000005b2815000000fb022
0ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000810
40000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a3004e706010000003600080000003
20ad1016506010000002e0010000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002000200105
3796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320adc04d13401000
0003d0008000000320adc045530010000002d0008000000320adc048d2e01000000d7000
8000000320adc04af29010000002d0008000000320adc04652501000000d700080000003
20adc04352201000000d70008000000320adc041c1e010000002b0008000000320adc041
d1b01000000d70008000000320adc04ed1701000000d70008000000320adc04571301000
0002d0008000000320adc040d0f01000000d70008000000320adc04dd0b01000000d7000
8000000320adc04c407010000002b0008000000320adc04f10401000000d700080000003
20adc043a00010000003d0008000000320a7101ab20010000003d0008000000320a71018
c1d010000002d0008000000320a7101c41b01000000d70008000000320a7101301801000
0002d0008000000320a71017512010000002b0008000000320a7101140d010000002d000
8000000320a71019007010000002b0008000000320a71017b02010000003d0010000000f
b0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0101000
4000000f001000008000000320a7101a11301000000720008000000320a7101bd0e01000
000720008000000320a7101bc080100000072000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000
000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc0
40000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000

Определим наружные избыточные давления.

Наружные избыточные давления определяются как разность наружных и
внутренних давлений на момент когда они достигают максимальных значений.
Как правило это относится к моменту эксплуатации скважины. Избыточное
давление определяются для характерных точек, а распределение давления
между ними принимается линейно.
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При определении наружного избыточного давления в продуктивной зоне
пласта вне осложнённых условий, вводится коэффициент разгрузки
цементного кольца – К. Для обсадных колонн диаметром 146 мм, К=0,25.
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Построим график внутренних и наружных избыточных давлений.

График 4.
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2d010400040000002d010200040000002d010300040000002d010600040000002701ffff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Рассчитаем обсадную колонну.

Расчёт начинаем снизу вверх подбирая колонну исходя из расчёта на
наружное давление и проверяем полученные данные расчётами на внутреннее
давление и растяжение.

Выбираем трубы из [2], для 1 секции d=146мм,
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a600122000100000064000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000=7,7мм,
[picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=24,3 МПа,
[picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=35МПа,
[picscalex100010009000003b3000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=1254кН, q=0,265кН, группы прочности Д, где

d- диаметр обсадной колонны;

picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a600122000100000064000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 – толщина стенки
обсадной трубы;

picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a600122000100000064000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000
[picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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] – допустимое сминающее давление;

[picscalex100010009000003b200000002001500000000000500000009020000000004
00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005
0000000b0200000000050000000c02400240021200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010
000000c0ffffffa6ffffff00020000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970
650000600015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e
657720526f6d616e00cca6040000002d01000008000000320ae0012c0102000000e2ed15
000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d
616e00cca6040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a8001460001000000d0
000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc
02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000
000000] – допустимое внутреннее давление при котором возникает предел
текучести материала трубы;

[picscalex100010009000003b300000002001500000000000500000009020000000004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] – допустимая страгивающая нагрузка определённая по формуле
Яковлева из [3], формула 10,2;

q – вес одного погонного метра трубы.

Рассчитаем на смятие нижнюю трубу первой секции.

Основой расчёта является следующее уравнение:
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,

где
picscalex100010009000003f70000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02200360061200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbaffffff20060000da0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e0000aa040000002d01000008000000320a6002a605010000005d000800
0000320a60023503010000005b0008000000320a60021b02010000002c0015000000fb02
20ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00ccaa
040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ac002800402000000f1ec08000000
320ac002fb0002000000f1ec15000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100000004020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000aa040000002d01000004000000f00101000800
0000320a6002bf03010000006e0008000000320a60023a00010000006e000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 –
коэффициенты запаса прочности на смятие, соответственно рассчитанной и
допускаемой;
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 – расчётное сминающее давление в сечении z по длине обсадной
колонны.
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Из [3] получим, что в интервалах продуктивных пластов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, в зависимости от устойчивости коллектора,
примем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. В остальных интервалах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.
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.

Определим длину первой секции: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.

Определим вес первой секции: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.

Рассчитаем на разрыв от внутреннего давления верхнюю трубу первой
секции.

Определим по графику 4 внутреннее избыточное давление на глубине.

picscalex100010009000003070200000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c028005c0151200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa9ffffff80150000290500000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300115000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e000086040000002d01000008000000320a6a044115010000002e000800
0000320a6a04691101000000320008000000320a6a040911010000002e0008000000320a
6a04890f02000000323008000000320a6a048e09010000002c0008000000320a6a04b005
01000000350008000000320a6a045605010000002c0008000000320a6a04a20401000000
380008000000320a7d014411010000002e0009000000320a7d013d0d0400000032343030
09000000320a7d018a09030000003231350009000000320a7d0141050400000032363135
15000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e000086040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320aca04040201000000
2e0008000000320add01380301000000310015000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100
00cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc86040000002d01000004000000
f001010009000000320a6a04351203000000cccfe00008000000320a6a04a60b01000000
d00009000000320a6a04760603000000cccfe00008000000320a6a04460001000000d000
08000000320a7d015b1001000000ec0015000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000000
0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000086040000002d01010004000000f001
000008000000320a7d017f02010000004c0008000000320a7d014600010000004c001500
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e00cc86040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320aca048c0c03000000f1ec
7a0008000000320aca043b0202000000e8e708000000320aca042c0102000000e2ed1000
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01
010004000000f001000008000000320a6a04610e010000003d0008000000320a6a048c03
010000003d0008000000320a7d01150c010000003d0008000000320a7d01770801000000
2d0008000000320a7d011904010000003d0008000000320a7d016001010000002d000a00
000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000
00cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000

Основой расчёта является следующее уравнение:

picscalex100010009000003990100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024004800a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbdffffff400a0000fd0300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000f00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
000214030500000013020002130615000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ab040000002d01010008000000320a6002
5f09020000005d2c08000000320a60027a07010000005b0008000000320a690193050100
00005d0008000000320a69011003010000005b0015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001
010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00ccab040000002d0102000400
0000f001010008000000320ac002c50801000000e20009000000320aeb03600403000000
e2ed7a0008000000320ac9018c0402000000e2ed08000000320ac002fb0001000000e200
15000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e0000ab040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a6002040801000000
6e0015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e00ccab040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a8b037a030100
0000d00008000000320a6901a60301000000d00015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001
010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ab040000002d0101000400
0000f001020008000000320a60023a00010000006e0010000000fb0280fe000000000000
9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f00101000800
0000320a6002700601000000b30008000000320a6002e601010000003d000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000

где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-
коэффициенты запаса прочности, соответственно рассчитанный и
допускаемый, [3],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picscalex100010009000003ff0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400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 внутреннее избыточное давление в сечении
колонны z.
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picscalex100010009000003960100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400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В интервале где на колонну действуют совместные (сжимающие и
растягивающие) нагрузки должно выполнятся следующее условие:
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Проверим нижнюю трубу второй секции на действие совместных нагрузок.
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picscalex100010009000003910100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400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 условие выполняется.

Выбираем трубы для второй секции: d=146мм,
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a600122000100000064000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000=7,7мм,
[picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=24,3МПа,
[picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=35МПа,
[picscalex100010009000003b3000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=1254кН, q=0,256кН, группы прочности Д.

Проверим нижнюю трубу второй секции на растяжение от веса первой секции.

В основе расчёта используется уравнение:
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,

где [np] и np допустимый и расчётный коэффициенты запаса прочности на
растяжение, из [3] [np]=1,3.
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, условие выполняется.

Рассчитаем на смятие нижнюю трубу второй секции.
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Для определения длины второй секции подбираем трубы для третьей секции:
d=146мм,
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a600122000100000064000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000=7,0мм,
[picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=20.3МПа,
[picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=31,8МПа,
[picscalex100010009000003b3000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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]=1136кН, q=0,243кН, группы прочности Д.

Рассчитаем на смятие нижнюю трубу третьей секции.

Глубину спуска третьей секции определим из графика 4.
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Определим длину второй секции: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Определим вес второй секции: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Расчёт на разрыв от внутреннего давления верхней трубы второй секции.

Определим по графику 4 внутреннее избыточное давление на глубине
L=1600м.
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Проверим нижнюю трубу третьей секции на действие совместных нагрузок.
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Проверим нижнюю трубу третьей секции на растяжение от веса первой и
второй секции.
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условие выполняется.

Определим допустимую длину третьей секции:
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Следовательно третья секция может быть применена до устья.

Проверим верхнюю трубу третьей секции на разрыв от внутреннего давления.

Определим по графику 4 внутреннее избыточное давление на глубине L=0 м.
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Проверим верхнюю трубу третьей секции на растяжение от веса первой и
второй секции:

Определим вес третьей
секции:picscalex10001000900000387010000020015000000000005000000090200000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picscalex100010009000003e10100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400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 условие
выполняется.

Таблица 8

секцииДлина,

Li, мГруппа

прочностиТолщина стенки, ммВес погонного метра, кНВес секции,

кНФактические

nсм

np1215Д7,70,265571,164,1-2800Д7,70,2652121,23,51,331600Д7,00,243388,81,2
42,311,73

8 Расчет цементирования

В процессе цементирования обсадных колонн с используется цементировочное
оборудование Российского производства: цементировочные насосные агрегаты
ЦА-320М, цементосмесительные машины 2СМН-20, цементовозы ЦВ-12, батареи
манифольдные БМ-700, осреднительные емкостя УСО-20.Для контроля процесса
цементирования используется российская станция контроля цементирования
(СКЦ-2М).

Цементирование кондуктора осуществляется с использованием обвязки
цементировочного оборудования, которая предусматривает закачивание
тампонажных растворов в скважину одновременно с их приготовлением
(затворением), при этом растворы от каждой точки затворения через
блок-манифольд БМ-700 подают непосредственно в цементировочную головку.
Использование БМ-700 облегчает и ускоряет обвязку трубопроводов
цементировочных агрегатов и более эффективно осуществляет
централизованное управление процессом цементирования благодаря включению
в схему станции контроля цементирования СКЦ-2М.

Цементирование эксплуатационной колонны. Для выравнивания и получения
заданных параметров, затворяемых в различных точках тампонажных
растворов, осуществляется с использованием обвязки цементировочного
оборудования, которая включает в себя осреднительную емкость УСО-20. При
такой схеме обвязки, затворяемый в различных точках из одинакового
тампонажного материала, раствор первоначально подают в осреднительную
емкость, где его подвергают дополнительному перемешиванию для усреднения
параметров. Затем определенным числом цементировочных агрегатов
тампонажный раствор отбирают из осреднительной емкости и, через БМ-700,
по двум линиям высокого давления, которые присоединены к боковым кранам
цементировочной головки, закачивают в обсадную колонну.

Для проведения качественного цементирования обсадных колонн
предусматривается использование комплекса мероприятий по обеспечению
наиболее полного замещения бурового раствора в затрубном пространстве
тампонажным. К числу основных наиболее эффективных мер в этом
направлении относятся:

• снижение статического напряжения сдвига и вязкости бурового раствора в
процессе промывки скважины перед цементированием до минимально
допустимых значений, регламентируемых геолого-техническим нарядом на
проводку скважин;

•применение полного комплекта элементов технологической оснастки
обсадных колонн;

•обеспечение скорости восходящего потока буферной и тампонажной жидкости
в кольцевом пространстве 0,5-0,7м/с, с целью наилучшего вытеснения
бурового раствора из кавернозных зон скважины и заполнения их цементным
раствором;

•использование соответствующего вида и количества буферных жидкостей;

Помимо работы станции СКЦ-2М, в процессе цементирования обсадных колонн
необходимо выполнять следующие контрольные операции:

– осуществлять замеры плотности тампонажных растворов и отбор проб в
каждой точке затворения; пробы хранить в течение времени ОЗЦ;

– контролировать рабочее давление нагнетания жидкостей на
цементировочных агрегатах и блок-манифольде манометрами высокого
давления;

– определять текущий и суммарный объем закачанной в скважину жидкости
тарированными емкостями цементировочных агрегатов;

– визуально контролировать характер циркуляции на устье скважины и, в
случае возникновения признаков поглощения, корректировать режим процесса
закачивания жидкостей

– контролировать давление нагнетания жидкости затворения в смесительную
камеру манометром с пределом измерения 0-6кгс/см2, установленным на
нагнетательной линии водоподающего насоса.

Расчет количества потребного материала и цементной техники для
цементирования эксплуатационной колонны.

В данном районе на материалах которой выполнена курсовая работа
применяется прямое одноступенчатое цементирование. Плотность
облегчённого цементного раствора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 =1,48г/см

Плотность цементного раствора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1,83г/см3

Давление поглощения в продуктивном пласте Рпогл=41Мпа

Условие предупреждения поглощения
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,

где Ргст.оцр – гидростатическое давление от столба облегчённого

глиноцементного раствора

Ргст.цр – гидростатическое давление от столба цементного раствора
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Определим объём тампонажного раствора необходимый для цементирования
нижнего участка цементным раствором.
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где Кцр – козффициент, учитывающий потери тампонажного материала;

dc и dн – соответственно средний диаметр скважины и наружный диаметр
колонны в пределах нижнего участка;

d0 – внутренний диаметр колонны близ её башмака;

hс – высота цементного стакана.

Из [4] Кцр=(1,03-1,05).
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Определим объём тампонажного раствора необходимый для цементирования
верхнего участка облегчённым цементным раствором.

picscalex100010009000003200400000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00660311200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffabffffff203100006b0600000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000800115000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e000086040000002d01000008000000320ada05051e010000002e000800
0000320ada05a31a01000000320008000000320ada053d1a010000002c0008000000320a
da058f1901000000330009000000320ada05e215030000003130300008000000320ada05
ce1401000000290009000000320ada05d811030000003134360008000000320ada059c11
010000002c0008000000320ada05e21001000000300009000000320ada05a90c03000000
3234350008000000320ada05430c010000002c0008000000320ada05890b010000003000
08000000320ada05050b01000000280008000000320ada05d70802000000303508000000
320ada057708010000002c0008000000320ada05db0701000000310009000000320ada05
1105030000003738350008000000320ada05b104010000002c0008000000320ada05f703
01000000300008000000320a6f02cf30010000002e0008000000320a6f02672d01000000
370008000000320a6f02072d010000002c0008000000320a6f02ab2b0200000032310900
0000320a6f023227040000003130343008000000320a6f021e2601000000290009000000
320a6f022823030000003134360008000000320a6f02ec22010000002c0008000000320a
6f02322201000000300009000000320a6f02331d040000003231353908000000320a6f02
cd1c010000002c0008000000320a6f02131c01000000300008000000320a6f028f1b0100
0000280008000000320a6f02611902000000303508000000320a6f020119010000002c00
08000000320a6f02651801000000310009000000320a6f029b1503000000373835000800
0000320a6f023b15010000002c0008000000320a6f02811401000000300008000000320a
6f020f1001000000290008000000320a6f02f60a01000000280009000000320a6f021105
030000003738350008000000320a6f02b104010000002c0008000000320a6f02f7030100
0000300015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e000086040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a2e057d1d
01000000330008000000320a2e052d1401000000320008000000320a2e05f80e01000000
320008000000320ac301473001000000330008000000320ac3017d250100000032000800
0000320ac301482001000000320008000000320acf027e1201000000310008000000320a
c3016e0f01000000320008000000320ac3017f0c01000000320015000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc8604000000
2d01000004000000f001010008000000320ada05741c01000000ec0015000000fb0280fe
0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000860400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ada05160001000000560015000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc86
040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a6f023e2f01000000ec0008000000
320a6f02591101000000cd0015000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100000004020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000086040000002d01010004000000f00100000800
0000320a6f026f0e01000000640008000000320a6f02800b01000000640015000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc86
040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a6f02110801000000ca0015000000
fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00
0086040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6f0216000100000056001500
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e00cc86040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320a3a06fc0003000000eef6
f00008000000320acf024c0f01000000ed0008000000320acf02590c01000000f1000800
0000320acf022a0902000000f6f009000000320acf02fc0003000000eef6f00010000000
fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010100
04000000f001000008000000320ada057318010000003d0008000000320ada057c150100
0000d70008000000320ada05d50f010000002d0008000000320ada057b0a01000000d700
08000000320ada05750701000000d70008000000320ada05d502010000003d0008000000
320a6f02832a010000003d0008000000320a6f02cc2601000000d70008000000320a6f02
2521010000002d0008000000320a6f02051b01000000d70008000000320a6f02ff170100
0000d70008000000320a6f025f13010000003d0008000000320a6f02bd1001000000d700
08000000320a6f025c0d010000002d0008000000320a6f026c0a01000000d70008000000
320a6f02750701000000d70008000000320a6f02d502010000003d000a00000026060f00
0a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222
53797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000

Определим объём продавочной жидкости.
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где Кс =(1,02-1,05) коэффициент, учитывающий потери продавочной
жидкости.

picscalex100010009000003350200000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024003c0251200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbaffffff80250000fa0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000700015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e000086040000002d01000008000000320a60023a25010000002e000800
0000320a6002182102000000333408000000320a6002be20010000002c0008000000320a
6002441f02000000333608000000320a6002531d01000000290008000000320a6002d31b
02000000313009000000320a6002b417040000003236313508000000320a60022a170100
0000280008000000320a60023c1501000000290009000000320a60023612040000003030
373708000000320a6002d611010000002c0008000000320a60021c110100000030000800
0000320a6002a80f01000000320009000000320a6002190c030000003134360008000000
320a6002dd0b010000002c0008000000320a6002230b01000000300008000000320a6002
9f0a01000000280008000000320a60026b0802000000303208000000320a60020b080100
00002c0008000000320a60026f0701000000310009000000320a6002a504030000003738
350008000000320a60024504010000002c0008000000320a60028b030100000030001500
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e000086040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ab401b224010000003300
08000000320ab401d51501000000320015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc
0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc86040000002d01000004000000f001
010008000000320a6002a92301000000ec0015000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100
00000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000086040000002d01010004000000
f001000008000000320a6002160001000000560015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001
010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc86040000002d0100000400
0000f001010008000000320ac002000102000000eff010000000fb0280fe000000000000
9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00100000800
0000320a6002281e010000003d0008000000320a6002ea1a010000002d0008000000320a
6002a01601000000d70008000000320a6002921001000000d70008000000320a6002950e
010000002d0008000000320a6002150a01000000d70008000000320a6002090701000000
d70008000000320a60026902010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc0400
00002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000

Определим объём буферной жидкости.
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Определим количество тампонажного цемента для приготовления раствора с
заданной плотностью.
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где
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a000110000100000068000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000- водоцементное
отношение.

Определим массу цемента:
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Определим массу облегчённого цемента:
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Определим необходимый объём воды.

picscalex100010009000003350200000300150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a00480171200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffabffffff401700004b0400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000000109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
40028c030500000013024002be0805000000140240024f0a0500000013024002b9101500
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e0000ef040000002d01010008000000320af401d41601000000330015000000fb0280fe
0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ef0400
00002d01020004000000f001010008000000320aa002f41301000000370008000000320a
a0029413010000002c0008000000320aa0021a1202000000313209000000320acb03780d
040000003138333008000000320acb036e0b02000000303508000000320acb030e0b0100
00002c0008000000320acb03720a0100000031000a000000320ab001eb0c050000003235
3435300008000000320ab001770b01000000350008000000320ab0011d0b010000002c00
08000000320ab001630a01000000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc
0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00ccef040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320aa002cb1501000000ec0008000000320acb03b20301000000ca000800
0000320a7b01b10501000000cc0015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ef040000002d01020004000000f0010100
08000000320aa002160001000000560015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc
0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00ccef040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320a2b04980702000000f6f008000000320a2b04cb0402000000f6f00800
0000320adb011e0702000000f6f008000000320a0003030101000000e60010000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0102000400
0000f001010008000000320aa0021c11010000003d0008000000320acb03120d01000000
d70008000000320ab0015b0c01000000d70008000000320aa0022109010000003d000800
0000320acb030d0601000000d70008000000320a7b011b0501000000d70008000000320a
a0025e02010000003d0010000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000002000200105379
6d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320acb03af0601000000
720008000000320a7b01f6030100000068000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc0400
00002d01020004000000f0010100030000000000 – для цементного раствора.
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 – для
облегчённого цементного раствора.

Определим необходимое количество смесительных машин.
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,

где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- насыпная плотность цемента;

picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02400280021200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffa6ffffff40020000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000600015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e6
57720526f6d616e00ccc0040000002d01000008000000320ae001500102000000f1ec150
00000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d6
16e0000c0040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a8001160001000000550
00a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc0
2000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000
00000 – вместимость одного бункера смесительной машины.
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 Количество машин для цементного раствора:
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Количество машин для облегчённого цемента:

picscalex100010009000003730100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02e00360151200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbaffffff201500009a0300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
0002250205000000130200024d0815000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ab040000002d01010008000000320a6002
d214010000002e0008000000320a6002bb0d01000000320008000000320a6002ce0a0200
0000333308000000320a60026e0a010000002e0008000000320a6002ae09010000003100
08000000320a8b03850701000000350008000000320a8b032507010000002e0008000000
320a8b03a50502000000313409000000320a8b03150204000000313030300a000000320a
70014a030500000031393335300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00ccab040000002d01020004000000f0010100
0a000000320a60028c0f06000000ece0f8e8edfb15000000fb0280fe0000000000009001
010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ab040000002d0101000400
0000f001020008000000320a60022e0001000000690010000000fb0280fe000000000000
9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f00101000800
0000320a6002930c01000000bb0008000000320a6002b008010000003d0008000000320a
8b033f0501000000d70008000000320a6002f700010000003d000a00000026060f000a00
ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379
7374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000

Определим производительность одного смесителя.
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picscalex100010009000003a80100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400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где qж=7л/с производительность водяного насоса агрегата ЦА-320 из [4].
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, для цементного раствора.
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, для
цементного раствора.
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, для облегчённого цементного раствора.
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,
для облегчённого цементного раствора.

Определим продолжительность закачки агрегатом ЦА-320.
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,

где V – объём закачиваемой жидкости;

t – время закачки;

Qмах – максимальная подача агрегата.

Из [4] имеем, производительность ЦА-320:

на 1 скорости Q=1,7 л/с;

на 2 скорости Q=3,2 л/с;

на 3 скорости Q=6,0 л/с;

на 4 скорости Q=10,7 л/с.

Найдём время закачки буферной жидкости:
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 –
на 4 скорости.

Найдём время закачки цементного раствора: Qмах=qсм
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Найдём время закачки облегчённого цементного раствора: Qмах=qсм
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Найдём время закачки продавочной жидкости:
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- время
начала продавки.
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- продавка
двумя агрегатами на 3 скорости.
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- продавка
одним агрегатом на 1 скорости.

Построим график 6 работы агрегатов и цементо-смесительных машин.

Суммарное время закачки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Таблица 9

Время,

%При расходе л/сДавление на устье, МПаДавление на забое,
МПаГ.стат1,73,2610,71221,4г.стат1,73,2610,71221,4001,192,112,382,812,923
,6833,1533,833,8633,9534,0734,134,36100,172,132,312,583,013,123,933,4634
,1534,2134,334,4334,534,7520-0,231,7181,962,242,672,783,5733,7734,534,56
34,6634,834,8435,1330-,0631,4211,61,892,322,4413,2334,0934,8434,9135,013
5,1635,235,5140-1,620,4710,660,941,391,52,3134,3935,1835,2535,3535,5235,
5635,950-0,560,610,720,871,171,252,0335,0635,8935,9636,0736,2536,2936,64
602,293,443,553,714,024,114,9135,8936,8536,9337,0437,2337,2838,66705,196
,316,436,596,917,07,8236,937,8137,938,0138,2238,2738,66808,229,339,459,6
29,9510,0510,8837,9238,8938,9939,1139,3239,3839,789011,1812,2812,412,571
2,9213,0213,8538,8839,8939,9940,1240,3440,440,8210014,0115,0615,1815,351
5,7115,8116,6639,6840,7140,8240,9541,1841,2441,66

По результатам таблицы 9 построим график 5.

График 5.
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Необходимые для цементирования материалы, цемент (в бункерах
смесительных машин) должны быть заблаговременно доставлены на буровую.
До начала цементирования цементировочные агрегаты и смесительные машины,
которые будут участвовать в операции, должны быть соединены с устьем
скважины через цементировочную головку системой трубопроводов. Чтобы
ускорить обвязку оборудования используют специальный гидравлический блок
манифольда, на котором имеются два коллектора: напорный и раздаточный –
для присоединения линии от цементировочных агрегатов, и комплект труб с
быстросъемными соединениями. Перед началом цементирования руководитель
работ указывает объемы, которые должны быть закачены, последовательность
ввода агрегатов и смесительных машин в работу и т.д. На рисунке 2
указана схема обвязки оборудования при цементировании эксплуатационной
колонны.

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4696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc00040000002d010600040000002e011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Рис. 2

Перед началом операции мерники цементировочных агрегатов 1,2,3,4,
заполнены водой, а агрегата 5- продав очной жидкостью. Реагенты, которые
требуются для обработки тампонажного раствора, предварительно
растворяются в воде или уже перемешаны с сухим цементом.

На первом этапе цементирования насосы агрегатов 1 и 4 нагнетают воду в
смесительные машины 7 и 8, куда одновременно поступает сухая смесь
цемента из бункеров. Из смесителя тампонажный раствор поступает в
напорный коллектор блока манифольдов (БМ), а потом и в цементировочную
головку 6. Сразу же после закачки расчетного объема тампонажного
раствора в эксплуатационную колонну краны на нижних боковых отводах
цементировочной головки закрывают, а через верхний боковой отвод
агрегатом 5 закачивают продавочную жидкость.

Одновременно промывают насосы, линии обвязки агрегатов и напорный
коллектор от оставшегося тампонажного раствора, а мерники
цементировочных агрегатов 1,2 заполняют продавочной жидкостью, которую
подают насосы через раздаточный коллектор блока манифольдов. После
промывки открывают краны на нижних отводах головки 6 и закачивают в
колонну продавочную жидкость насосами агрегатов 1,2,3 через напорный
коллектор блока манифольдов. Последние несколько м3 продавочной жидкости
закачивают одним агрегатом, чтобы точно определить посадку продавочной
пробки на кольцо-стоп.

За плотностью, объемом, давлением следят в станции контроля
цементирования. После завершения всех работ скважину оставляют на ОЗЦ.

9 Освоение и испытание скважин

В 2001 году Мегионским укрупнённым управлением буровых работ было
закончено строительством и передано заказчикам 103 скважины. Кроме того
бригадами освоения было проведено 24 ремонта КРС и ПРС, из них по
нефтяным скважинам 16 штук, по нагнетательным 8 штук. По способу
эксплуатации скважины распределены следующим образом:

ЭЦН – 79 скважин (80,6 %),

ШГН – 10 скважин (10,2 %),

Фонтаном – 5 скважин (5%).

В последние годы на месторождениях Западной Сибири эффективное
применение нашла технология освоения скважин, предусматривающая
последовательное выполнение следующих видов операций: оборудование устья
скважины фонтанной арматурой, спуск колонны НКТ в скважину, смена
бурового раствора в скважине на техническую воду, опрессовка
эксплуатационной колонны совместно с фонтанной арматурой, замена воды в
скважине жидкостью глушения, спуск бурильного инструмента с винтовым
забойным двигателем и шарошечным долотом, разбуривание остатков цемента,
пробок и посадочного седла пакера для манжетного цементирования,
раскрытие фильтров продолжением спуска бурильного инструмента до
искусственного забоя скважины, спуск колонны НКТ, вызов притока методом
свабирования, т.е. снижением уровня жидкости в скважине, дренирование
пласта свабированием (при отсутствии фонтанного притока),
гидродинамическое исследование пласта (снятие кривой восстановления
давления КВД и КВУ) и оценка величины скин-эффекта, при наличии
“загрязнения” глушение скважины, подъем колонны НКТ, спуск устройства
УГИС (со струйным насосом) на колонне НКТ, обработка призабойной зоны
пласта кислотным раствором, ПАВ или растворителем, дренирование пласта и
ввод скважины в эксплуатацию (при получении фонтанного притока скважины
может быть введена в эксплуатацию без подъема устройства УГИС на
поверхность). При необходимости эксплуатации скважины с помощью
погружного насоса ЭЦН, скважина вновь заполняется жидкостью глушения, а
затем производится подъем УГИС на поверхность.

Как видно из вышеизложенного, на стадии освоения скважина несколько раз
может быть заполнена жидкостью глушения. Поскольку в качестве жидкости
глушения в Западной Сибири наиболее часто используется рассол NaCl,
загрязненный механическими примесями (при поглощениях рассол загущают
добавкой полиакриамида), вследствие чего существенно снижается
продуктивность скважин, особое внимание должно быть уделено типу и
составу предлагаемых к применению жидкостей глушения. Однако, наилучшим
решением является использование клапанного устройства, с помощью
которого ствол скважины в интервале залегания продуктивного пласта в
период производства спускоподъемных операций отсекается от вышележащего
столба жидкости в скважине. При отсутствии надежного в работе
клапана-отсекателя следует стремиться к уменьшению количества операций
по глушению скважины и применять при этом жидкость глушения, минимально
вызывающую снижение нефтепроницаемости коллектора.

В целях исключения или уменьшения количества операций по глушению все
работы по вызову притока, дренированию пласта, гидродинамическим
исследованиям, обработке призабойной зоны и повторному дренированию
пласта рекомендуется проводить через УГИС, спущенный в скважину сразу же
после заканчивания строительства скважины. При этом работы по
свабированию отпадают, так как вызов притока и дренирование пласта
осуществляются с помощью струйного насоса.

По итогам работы МУУБР с поставленными задачами справился, средний дебит
по сданным скважинам составил 59 м3 /сут при плановых показателях
45м3/сут.

10 Охрана труда

Охрана труда – это система правовых, санитарно-гигиенических и
организационно- технических мероприятий целью которых является создание
комфортных и безопасных условий труда.

Основные причины травм и несчастных случаев, встречающихся в УБР, можно
подразделить на технические, организационные и санитарно-гигиенические.

К техническим причинам относят несовершенство или конструктивные
недостатки оборудования, несовершенство технологического процесса,
рабочего инструмента.

К организационным относят: неправильная организация рабочего места, его
загроможденность посторонними предметами, нарушение инструкций,
применение непригодного инструмента.

К санитарно-гигиеническим причинам относят: загрязненность
производственной среды ядовитыми веществами, нерациональное освещение,
шум, вибрация, метеорологические условия.

Наиболее трудоемкими и травмоопасными операциями в бурении являются СПО,
ремонт оборудования и приготовление промывочной жидкости на буровой.

Основными причинами травм при СПО являются:

Несогласованное действие рабочих одной вахты, конструктивные недостатки
оборудования и инструмента, нерациональное расположение и загромождение
рабочей зоны, недостаточная степень механизации трудоемких процессов,
сложная производственная среда. Исходя, из этого применяют мероприятия,
устраняющие эти недостатки.

Спуск и цементирование обсадных колонн в цикле строительства скважины,
травмоопасные и ответственные процессы.

Крепление скважины допускается только после проверки мастером и
механиком основных узлов вышки, ее вертикальности, надежности талевой
системы, лебедки, ротора, фундамента вышки и правильности показаний КИП.
Крепление скважины недопустимо без утвержденного главным инженером плана
проведения соответствующих работ, акта на опрессовку цементировочной
головки и обратных клапанов. Трудоемкость крепления скважины связано с
подготовкой обсадных труб к спуску, навинчиванием и цементированием
труб, перемещением элеватора на столе ротора, закрытием крышки
элеватора, при цементирование скважины трудоемок процесс загрузки
цементосмесительной машины.

В процессе закачивания цемента в скважине создается очень высокое
давление и по этому персонал не должен находиться в опасных зонах, так
же запрещены ремонтные работы.

При вскрытии продуктивных пластов возможны нефтегазопроявления и одна из
опасностей – это наличие сероводорода. При этом следует уделять особое
внимание удельному весу промывочной жидкости и других ее параметров. На
каждой буровой должны быть приборы – газоанализаторы, противогазы, а
также комплект безискрового инструмента.

Так же пожароопасна работа с промывочными жидкостями. Необходимо
уменьшать температуру промывочной жидкости, не допускать разлива
раствора, следить за концентрацией взрывчатых газов.

11 Охрана окружающей среды

Строительство скважин, расположенных в водоохранной зоне Аганского
месторождения предусматривается с использованием экологически
малоопасных химреагентов и материалов и безамбарной технологии бурения.

Предусматривается использование замкнутого цикла водоснабжения буровой с
регенерацией буровых сточных вод и отработанного бурового раствора для
повторного использования в технологическом процессе, эффективной очистке
бурового раствора и утилизации отходов бурения, исключающих попадание их
на рельеф местности.

Окружающая среда Покомасовского месторождения предполагает повышенные
требования к комплексу природоохранных мероприятий.

Основные потенциальные источники загрязнения окружающей среды при
строительстве скважин:

Буровые растворы

Буровые сточные воды и буровой шлам

Тампонажные растворы

ГСМ

Пластовые минерализованные воды и продукты освоения скважины
(нефть,минерализованные воды)

Продукты сгорания топлива

Хозяйственно-бытовые жидкие и твердые отходы. Влияние потенциальных
загрязнителей на окружающую среду не одинаково и зависит от:

Типа БУ, способа монтажа и привода энергии

Конструкции скважины

Применяемого способа бурения.

Очистка отходов бурения.

С целью сокращения объемов наработки бурового раствора, а следовательно,
и уменьшения объема ОБР, подлежащего обезвреживанию и утилизации,
применяется 3-х ступенчатая система очистки, включающая центрифугу.
После окончания бурения под кондуктор весь раствор подлежит осветлению
для использования в системе оборотного водоснабжения. После окончания
бурения под эксплуатационную колонну буровой раствор используется в
дальнейшем для бурения под кондуктор следующей скважины куста, а избыток
раствора (при наличие его) осветляется с последующей закачкой очищенной
водной фазы в нефтесборный коллектор.

Определение объемов отработанных буровых растворов и шлама при
строительстве скважин осуществляется в соответствии с методическими
указаниями с учетом конкретных условий бурения.

12 Специальная часть

В данном разделе проводится анализ случаев недоподъёма цемента до
заданного уровня..

В период с15,02,02 по 18,04,02 в МУУБР зафиксировано 7 случаев
недоподъёма цемента. За указанный период времени случаи недоподъёма
цемента имели место на следующих скважинах: Мега 37-966, Вата 38-330,
Покамасы49-879, Ариголь 5-193, Вата 94-586, Северный Покур 57-1006,
Мыхпай-Мега 49-334.

Это повлекло за собой значительный материальный ущерб. Помимо этого
недоподъём цемента может вызвать снижение репрессии на продуктивный
пласт и привести к нефтегазоводопроявлению.

По мнению многих авторов наличие в интервалу разобщения пластов
надёжного цементного кольца уменьшает обводнённость скважины в 3 раза. В
связи с этим вопрос качественного цементирования скважин на
месторождениях осложнённых наличием водонефтяных зон, особенно актуален.

По данным М. О. Ашрафьяна (содержащим анализ качества крепления скважин
в 26 нефтедобывающих предприятиях СССР) недоподъём тампонажного раствора
зафиксирован в 4625 скважинах , что составляет 29% осложнений связанных
с креплением скважин.

Кроме того автор проекта лично наблюдал недоподъём при установке
цементного моста. Из-за этого пришлось дважды вызывать цементировочную
технику. Время ОЗЦ также увеличилось в два раза. Пришлось выполнять
дополнительные СПО.

Недоподъём цемента происходит из-за того что давление столба цементного
раствора превышает давление гидроразрыва слабых пластов. Чаще всего
причиной гидроразрыва являются : малая изученность разреза, несоблюдение
режима цементирования, неправильный подбор плотности цементного
раствора.

Ввиду того ,что район бурения хорошо изучен, значимыми остаются два
последних фактора.

Контроль за режимом цементирования можно ужесточить, но только до
определённого предела. Ввиду того , что цементировочные агрегаты всё
равно будут работать каждый индивидуально, даже при идеально
составленном плане работ будут небольшие погрешности.

Снижение плотности раствора может привести к желаемым результатам. Этого
можно достичь:

1. Ввод облегчающих добавок

2. Увеличение водоцементного отношения.

Первый метод приводит к желаемому результату , но возникает вероятность
всплытия наполнителей. В качестве наполнителей могут использоваться
пласт-

массовые микробаллоны , микросферы ,опилки , резиновая крошка и др..

Использование второго метода влечёт за собой уменьшение прочности
цементного камня. В случае присутствия в разрезе ММП , а также пород
склонных к текучести использовать этот метод не рекомендуется. Поскольку
почти на 40% территории России залегают многолетнемёрзлые породы
применение этого метода считаю нецелесообразным.

Гидроразрыва пластов можно избежать применением ступенчатого
цементирования. При этом используются МСЦ- муфты ступенчатого
цементирования.

Существуют различные конструкции МСЦ , как отечественного , так и
зарубежного производства.. хотя МУУБР успешно работает с МСЦ, все они
имеют один существенный недостаток, а именно часть обсадной колонны
имеет вырез , заполненный лишь цементом .Это крайне нежелательно при
креплении газовых скважин. Помимо всего прочего существующие конструкции
МСЦ часто работают ненадёжно.

По моему мнению заслуживает внимания ещё один малораспространённый
метод. Метод применим лишь для установки цементных мостов. Для его
осуществления необходима канатная техника. Цементный раствор помещается
в желонку, которая спускается до забоя на тросе. Желонка имеет
стеклянное дно, при ударе о забой стекло разбивается и цементный раствор
попадает на забой.

Недостатком метода является то, что при работе в открытом стволе
скважина остаётся без промывки на 2-3 часа. Также возможна посадка
желонки при спуске, в результате чего раствор не доходит до забоя.
Данный метод успешно применяется лишь в неглубоких скважинах ( до 3000
м).

Преимущество заключается в высокой точности установки моста (до 1 м).
Лично мною проводились работы по установке моста высотой 6 метров ( при
работе в КРС на УГКМ). Кроме того этот метод очень экономичен. Он не
требует больших материальных, людских и технических затрат. Для его
работы хватает трёх человек и лебёдки.

По мнению [6] гидроразрыв происходит в результате превышения удельного
веса цементного раствора над глинистым и увеличения вязкости цементного
раствора. Расчёты показывают , что при малых кольцевых зазорах и больших
скоростях движения цементного раствора гидродинамическое давление может
увеличиться до величины гидроразрыва , что подтверждается
многочисленными примерами из практики.

Когда на пласты создаётся давление , близкое к давлению гидроразрыва,
даже кратковременные остановки весьма опасны, так как последующее
небольшоеувеличение давления при возобновлении прокачкираствора приводит
к гиидроразрыву.

Создание больших скоростей восходящего потока цементного раствора в
затрубном пространстве приводит к возрастанию давления на стенки
скважины, в результате слабые пласты подвергаются гидроразрыву.
повышение скорости потока может объясняться необходимостью скорейшего
окончания процесса обеспечения возможно большей полноты вытеснения
бурового раствора цементным. Первую задачу следует решать подбором
рецептуры цементного раствора. Экспериментами установлено ,что при
структурном , ламинарном и турбулентном режимах течения цементного
раствора вытесняется соответственно 42, 90 и 98%. В связи с этим
целесообразно достижение тубулентности потока. Обычно это решается
увеличением скорости потока , однако предпочтительнее другие решения. К
ним можно отнести:

1. Изменение реологических параметров.

2. Оснастка обсадной колонны.

По мнению многих исследователей [6], [9]и др. недопустимо смешивание
цементного и бурового растворов. При некоторых условиях перемешивания
этот слой может охватить значительную зону , а повышение вязкости
вызовет рост давления при продувке тампонажного раствора.

Многие трудности и неудачи, особенно при цементировании скважин с малыми
зазорами между обсадной колонной и стенками скважины, связаны с
отфильтровыванием большого количества воды, в результате чего
уменьшается подвижность раствора, он быстрее запустевает и изменяются
другие свойства.

Усложненность условий разобщения пластов обусловлена комплексом
природных и технико-технологических факторов , влияние которых во многих
случаях оказывает негативное воздействие на качество разобщения пластов
является причиной возникновения различных аварий и осложнений в
скважине. К природным факторам относятся: температура, давление,
тектонические нарушения, литологическая и физическая характеристики
пород, природа пластового флюида, расстояние между продуктивным и
водоносным горизонтами.

В целом влияние природных факторов изучено недостаточно вследствие
сложности постановки экспериментов в скважинах, отсутствия разработанных
методов и аппаратуры для проведения исследований. Анализ показывает, что
наиболее хорошо изучено влияние технико-технологических факторов [9] ,
но ввиду сложности выделения меры воздействия каждого фактора в
отдельности во многих случаях удаётся оценить лишь их совместное
влияние. Особенно трудно оценить степень влияния технологической
оснастки колонн, состояние ствола скважины, показателей свойств бурового
и тампонажого растворов.

По мнению ряда авторов необходимо кольматировать слабые пласты во
избежание их гидроразрыва.

Я считаю, что необходимо также прменять буферную жидкость для укрепления
глинистой корки на стенках скважины.

Мнение многих авторов расходится в выборе буферной жидкости. В [9]
имеется ссылка , что Говард и Кларк доказали эффективность применения
воды в качестве буферной жидкости. При этом вытеснение бурового раствора
повысилось с 60 до 90%. В курсе лекций профессора Агзамова указано , что
вода является наихудшим вариантом буферной жидкости. В Мегионском УУБР в
качестве буферной жидкости используется вода с добавлением 6%
сульфанола.

Ашрафьян указывает ,что положительное влияние на качество крепления
оказывает вращение и рассаживание колонны. Мне кажется, что при этом
необходимо увеличивать коэффициент запаса прочности при расчёте обсадных
колонн.

В заключении хотелось бы отметить, что по моему мнению процесс
цементирования каждой скважины следует разрабатывать индивидуально, не
жалеть времени и средств на подготовку ствола скважины так как
качественное крепление окупается при её эксплуатации. Мне кажется
негативным процесс строительства скважины при котором основной упор
делается на её скорейший пуск в эксплуатацию.

Литература

1. Акбулатов Т.О. Методическое указание по дисциплине «Гидроаэромеханика
в бурении».

2. К.В.Иогансен «Спутник буровика».

3. А.Г.Калинин Н.А.Григорян Б.З.Султанов Справочник «Бурение наклонных
скважин».

4. Е.М.Соловьев «Задачник по заканчиванию скважин».

5. Материалы собранные при прохождении производственной и преддипломной
практики.

6. А. И. Булатов , Н.А. Сидоров “Осложнения при креплении глубоких
скважин” М. Недра, 1966.

7. И.А. Серенко, Н А. Сидоров, А.Т. Кошелев “Повторное цементирование
при строительстве иэксплуатации скважин”- М. Недра, 1988.

8. А. Ф. Озеренко и другие “Предупреждение и ликвидация
газонефтепроявлений при бурении скважин”. М. Недра , 1978.

9. М.О. Ашрафьян “ Технология разобщения пластов в осложнённых
условиях”. М. Недра, 1989.

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