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Минерально-сырьевая база Красноярского края

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OAAeA?AEUeIIA AAAIONOAI II IA?ACIAAIETH

IIEEOAOIE*ANEEE OIEAA?NEOAO

EINOEOOO AAIEIAEE E IAOOAAACIAIAI AeAEA

EAOAAe?A: AII?

Ieia?aeueii-nu?ueaaay aaca E?aniiy?neiai e?ay.

(?aoa?ao)

Auiieiee: no.

I?iaa?ee:

Niaea?aeaiea:

Aaaaeaiea……………………………………………………………………….2

1. Oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneia nu?uea……………………………………………..3

1.1 Ia?niaeoeau oi?ie?iaaiey iaooaaaciaeiauaathuaai
eiiieaena……3

1.2 Ninoiyiea nu?ueaaie aacu e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey

oaeaaeiauaathuaai i?iecaiaenoaa…………………………………………..4

2. Iaoaeee/aneea iieaciua eneiiaaiua……………………………………….6

2.1 *a?iua iaoaeeu………………………………………………………….7

2.2 Oeaaoiua iaoaeeu…………………………………………………………8

2.3 ?aaeeea e ?aaeeicaiaeueiua iaoaeeu…………………………………….10

3. Cieioi………………………………………………………………………….11

4. Iaiaoaeee/aneea iieaciua eneiiaaiua…………………………………….12

Caeeth/aiea…………………………………………………………………….15

?enoiie N1…………………………………………………………………….16

?enoiie N2…………………………………………………………………….17

Oaaeeoea N1…………………………………………………………………….18

Oaaeeoea N2……………….….…………………………………………………19

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u……………..……………………………………………..22

Aaaaeaiea.

Oeaeueth ?aoa?aoa yaeyaony iienaiea e aiaeec ieia?aeueii – nu?ueaaie
aacu E?aniiy?neiai e?ay.

Aeooaeueiinoue yoie oaiu a oii, /oi E?aniiy?neee e?ae – iaeei ec
iaiiiaeo noauaeoia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, niiniaiuo iaania/eoue naay
i?aeoe/anee anaie aeaeaie ieia?aeueiiai nu?uey, a ?yae ec ieo – e
yenii?oe?iaaoue.

Aai ieia?aeueii-nu?ueaaay aaca (INA) aeeth/aao nauoa 1300
ianoi?iaeaeaiee e ia?niaeoeaiuo i?iyaeaiee aieaa /ai 80 aeaeia iieaciuo
eneiiaaiuo. Ii caianai e aeiau/a iiiaeo iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo e?ae
caieiaao ia?aaeiaua iiceoeee a ?innee (oaae.1). Aeaaiua ec ieo – yoi
oaieue, aethieiee, iaaeue, ieeaeue, eiaaeueo, naeiaoe, no?ueia, cieioi,
ieaoeiieaeu, iaiaoaeee/aneea iieaciua eneiiaaiua e i/aiue aaaeiua a
ia?niaeoeaa iaooue e aac.

Ii naiui i?eaeeceoaeueiui ioeaieai noieiinoue aaeainiauo caiania
iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo E?aniiy?neiai e?ay ninoaaeyao 67,3 o?ei ?., eee 2,3
o?ei aeie. NOA. Iaaeaeo oai iauai aeiau/e a aeaiaaeiii au?aaeaiee a 2000
a. ninoaaeo anaai 6,8 ie?ae ?., eee 0,01 % noieiinoe aaeainiauo caiania,
o.a. iioaioeeae INA e?ay eniieuecoaony aeaeaei ia iieiinoueth.

1. OIIEEAII-YIA?AAOE*ANEIA NU?UeA

Oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneia nu?uea caieiaao caiaoiia ianoi a INA
E?aniiy?neiai e?ay. Ia?a/aiue aai aeaeia aeeth/aao iaooue, eiiaeainao,
aac, eaiaiiue e ao?ue oaieue, oi?o (?en. 1). Eiaanoeoeeiiiue iioaioeeae
ioeaieaaaony a 19,4 ie?ae. aeie.

1.1 IA?NIAEOEAU OI?IE?IAAIEss IAOOAAACIAeIAUAATHUAAI EIIIEAENA

Ii aaee/eia i?iaiiciuo ?ano?nia iaooe, i?e?iaeiiai aaca e eiiaeainaoa
E?aniiy?neee e?ae caieiaao aoi?ia ianoi a ?innee iinea Othiaineie
iaeanoe. Iie ninoaaeytho: ii iaooe – 8,2 ie?ae. o, naiaiaeiiio aaco –
23,6 o?ei. i3, ?anoai?aiiiio a iaooe aaco – 638 ie?ae. i3. Yoi –
iieiaeia oaeaaiaei?iaeiuo ?ano?nia ainoi/iuo ?aeiiia ?innee.

Ianiio?y ia e?aeia ieceoth aaieiae/aneoth eco/aiiinoue oa??eoi?ee e?ay
(ieioiinoue aeoaieiai ao?aiey – 1,14 i/ei2 i?e ieioiinoe ao?aiey a
Caiaaeiie Neae?e 30 i/ei2), caeanue iiaeaioiaeaiu cia/eoaeueiua caianu
(ii eaoaai?eyi C1+N2) iaooe e eiiaeainaoa (919,8 iei. o) e naiaiaeiiai
aaca (1,2 o?ei. i3), /oi yaeyaony iaaeaaeiie iniiaie aeey oi?ie?iaaiey
iaooaaaciaeiauaathuaai eiiieaena.

Iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiu a yoii ioiioaiee Aieueoaoaoneee e
TH?oa/aii-Oioiineee iaooaaaciiiniua ?aeiiu.

A i?aaeaeao Aieueoaoaoneiai ?aeiia iiaeaioiaeaii 116,5 iei. o caiania
iaooe eaoaai?ee C1 e 247,7 iei. o eaoaai?ee N2- Aeiau/a iaooe iiaeao
aeinoeaaoue 17-18 iei. o a aiae.

Ieiei 60 % caiania nin?aaeioi/aii a ioeiaeaieyo yeiaeaaneie naeou, iaooe
eioi?ie niaea?aeao aei 40 % ianeyiuo o?aeoeee, /oi aeaeaao eo
oieeaeueiui nu?ueai aeey iieo/aiey iioi?iuo ianae. Noieiinoue oaeie
iaooe ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiii ?uiea ia 30-40 % auoa, /ai “o?aeueneie niane”
– on?aaeiaiiie iaooe, iinooiathuae ec o?oaii?iaiaeia IAI “O?ain-iaooue”.

Iaeaieaa ?aioaaaeueiue niinia ?aaeecaoeee iaooe Aieueoaoaoneie a?oiiu n
o/aoii ionoonoaey a ?innee aeinoaoi/iie iiuiinoe iaooaia?a?aaaouaathueo
caaiaeia, ?aaioathueo ii ianeyiie noaia, e caa?oaeaiiinoe yenii?oiuo
oa?ieiaeia – o?ainii?oe?iaea Naaa?iui ii?neei iooai. A neo/aa
?aaeecaoeee oaeiai i?iaeoa E?aniiy?neee e?ae e ?inney a oeaeii iieo/ao
iiaue iooue aeey yenii?oa iaooe a Caiaaeioth Aa?iio, ia caaenyuee io
o?ainii?oa iaooe /a?ac o?aouee no?aiu. ?aaeecaoeey i?iaeoa iicaieeo
oaeaea onei?eoue aiaea/aiea a ?ac?aaioeo ianoi?iaeaeaiee ainoi/iie /anoe
ssiaei-Iaiaoeeiai aaoiiiiiiai ie?oaa.

A i?aaeaeao TH?oa/aii-Oioiineiai ?aeiia iiaeaioiaeaiu caianu iaooe
eaoaai?ee C1 (60 iei. o) e N2 (377,5 iei. o). Iauay ioeaiea noiiu
caiania e ?ano?nia eaoaai?ee N1+N2+N eieaaeaony a eioa?aaea 0,8-1,2
ie?ae. o. Aeiau/a iaooe a yoii ?aeiia iiaeao aeinoeaaoue 55-60 iei. o a
aiae.

I?aaiecaoeey aeiau/e iicaieeo iieiinoueth oaeiaeaoai?eoue iio?aaiinoue
A/eineiai IIC (i?iaeoiay iiuiinoue 12 iei. o a aiae) e a cia/eoaeueiie
ia?a – iio?aaiinoe Aiaa?neiai IOE. E?iia oiai, a ia?niaeoeaa, i?e
oneiaee nicaeaiey e?oiiiai oeaio?a iaooaaeiau/e ia thaa Neae?neie
ieaooi?iu, aeeth/athuaai ianoi?iaeaeaiey E?aniiy?neiai e?ay, E?eooneie
iaeanoe e ?anioaeeee Naoa (sseooey), aiciiaeia iinoaaea iaooe ia yenii?o
a Eeoae, ssiiieth, ?anioaeeeo Ei?ay, ae?oaea no?aiu
Aceaonei-Oeoiieaaineiai ?aaeiia (AO?).

Nicaeaiea oeaio?ia ii aeiau/a aaca aiciiaeii ia oa??eoi?ee Eaoaianeiai
e Aiaa?neiai ?aeiiia.

A i?aaeaeao Eaoaianeiai iaooaaaciiiniiai ?aeiia iiea iiaeaioiaeaiu
n?aaieoaeueii iaaieueoea caianu aaca: ii eaoaai?ee C1 – 147,4 ie?ae. i3,
ii eaoaai?ee N2 – 19,7 ie?ae. i3.

A i?aaeaeao Aiaa?neiai aaciiiniiai ?aeiia iiaeaioiaeaii anaai 0,6
ie?ae. i3 caiania aaca eaoaai?ee C1 e 29,9 ie?ae. i3 -eaoaai?ee N2,
iaeiaei a oeaeii ii ?aeiio caianu e ?ano?nu aaca eaoaai?ee N1+N2+N3
aeinoeaatho 1 o?ei. i3.

?ac?aaioea aaciauo ianoi?iaeaeaiee E?aniiy?neiai e?ay noaiiaeony
iniaaiii aeooaeueiie a nayce n ?anoouei eioa?anii Eeoay e ae?oaeo no?ai
AO? e eiii?oo yia?aiiineoaeae e a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue – i?e?iaeiiai aaca.
Iio?aaiinoe oieueei Eeoay a aaca ninoaaeytho ia aeeaeaeooth ia?niaeoeao
ieiei 30 ie?ae. i3 aaca a aiae.

Oa?aeoa?iie iniaaiiinoueth i?e?iaeiiai aaca Ainoi/iie Neae?e yaeythony
ieceay na?ienoinoue e aunieia niaea?aeaiea aaeey (a 3-10 ?ac auoa
i?iiuoeaiiiai). I?e e?oiiiianooaaiie aeiau/a aaca Ainoi/iay Neae?ue
(E?aniiy?neee e?ae a oii /enea) iiaeao noaoue e?oiiaeoei yenii?oa?ii ia
?uiea AO? ia oieueei i?e?iaeiiai aaca, ii e aaeey – aaaeiiai nu?uey aeey
?yaea nia?aiaiiuo i?iecaiaenoa.

1.2 NINOIssIEA NU?UeAAIE AACU E IA?NIAEOEAU ?ACAEOEss OAEAAeIAUAATHUAAI
I?IECAIAeNOAA

E?aniiy?neee e?ae ioiineony e iaeaieaa oaeaianuuaiiui oa??eoi?eyi
?innee. A aai i?aaeaeao iaoiaeyony oaeea e?oiiua oaeaiiniua aannaeiu eae
Eainei-A/eineee, Ooiaonneee, Oaeiu?neee, Naaa?i-Oaeiu?neee e caiaaeiay
/anoue Eaineiai. Caeanue nin?aaeioi/aii aieaa 45 % anao eiiaeeoeeiiiuo
?ano?nia e 26 % ?acaaaeaiiuo caiania oaeae no?aiu.

Eainei-A/eineee aannaei – iaeei ec e?oiiaeoeo a ie?a (ieiei 80 % aai
ieiuaaee iaoiaeeony ia oa??eoi?ee E?aniiy?neiai e?ay).

Oaee aieueoeinoaa ianoi?iaeaeaiee ioiinyony e ao?ui ia?ee 2AA, oaee
Aaeaooeineiai e Ia?ayneianeiai ianoi?iaeaeaiee ia?aoiaeiua io ao?uo e
eaiaiiui (ia?ee 2AA). Oaee Nayii-Ia?oecaineiai ianoi?iaeaeaiey e
iaeaicieneea oaee Aaeica?neiai ianoi?iaeaeaiey ioiinyony e eaiaiiui
ia?ie A2-AC.

Ieceicieueiua e iaeina?ienoua n ieceeie eiioeaio?aoeeyie oiene/iuo
eiiiiiaioia oaee aannaeia yaeythony i?ae?aniui yia?aaoe/aneei oiieeaii,
nu?ueai aeey oeie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe, i?iecaiaenoaa aeeaeeiai
iioi?iiai e eioaeueiiai oiieea, iieo/aiey eneonnoaaiiiai ai?th/aai aaca
iooai iiaecaiiie aaceoeeaoeee. Oaee Nayii-Ia?oecaineiai ianoi?iaeaeaiey
iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny a eieniaie oeooa aeey iaoaeeo?ae/aneeo caaiaeia.

A oeaeii aea Eainei-A/eineee aannaei – noaaeeueiay nu?ueaaay aaca oaeae,
niiniaiay ia i?ioyaeaiee 100 eao iaania/eaaoue aiaeiaoth aeiau/o ia
iaiaa 450 iei. o.

No?aoaae/aneia iai?aaeaiea inaiaiey e eniieueciaaiey oaeae – aeoaieay
ia?a?aaioea.

Ooiaonneee aannaei. Ieiei 90 % aai ieiuaaee (0,9 iei. ei2) iaoiaeeony a
i?aaeaeao E?aniiy?neiai e?ay.

Ia oa??eoi?ee aannaeia oneiaii auaeaeyaony ?yae oaeaiiniuo ?aeiiia,
?acee/athueony noaiaiueth oaeaianuuaiiinoe e o?iaiai aaieiae/aneie
eco/aiiinoe. Iaeaieaa eco/ai e ioiineoaeueii i?iiuoeaiii inaiai
Ii?eeueneee ?aeii, oaeaiiniinoue eioi?iai naycaia n ioeiaeaieyie
ooiaonneie na?ee ia?iiea?aiia. Oaee – aoioniaua iecei-n?aaeiacieueiua,
iaeina?ienoua – io eaiaiiuo aei aio?aoeeoia. ?acaaaeaiiua caianu niiaoo
iaania/eoue iio?aaiinoe ?aeiia a oaea ia aeeeoaeueioth ia?niaeoeao. A
oeaeii a a?aieoeao Ooiaonneiai aannaeia a i?aaeaeao e?ay. Yaaieeeneiai
e Oaeiu?neiai aaoiiiiiuo ie?oaia n ?acee/iie noaiaiueth iieiiou eco/aiu
110 ianoi?iaeaeaiee e oaeai?iyaeaiee. Oieueei ia Eaea?eaineii
ianoi?iaeaeaiee aaeaaiaeii aeiauaaaony 200-250 oun. o oaey. Iaeiaei a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy a nayce n ia?aoiaeii ia aaciniaaaeaiea aeiau/a oaey
nieceeanue a ianeieueei ?ac. Noiia?iua caianu, iieiinoueth i?eaiaeiua
aeey ioe?uouo ?aaio, ninoaaeytho 460 iei. o (A+B+C1+N2). I?iaiiciua
?ano?nu oaey – 1878,8 ie?ae. o, a oii /enea eaiaiiiai -1859,4 ie?ae. o.

Oaeiu?neee aannaei i?ioyaeaaaony a aeaea oceie iieinu aeeeiie ieiei 1000
ei e oe?eiie ieiei 100 ei, ia?anaeathuae iieoino?ia io Aienaeneiai
caeeaa ia caiaaea aei iiaa?aaeuey ii?y Eaioaauo ia ainoiea. Iauay
ieiuaaeue aannaeia aeinoeaaao 80 000 ei2 . Oaeaiiniinoue naycaia n
ia?ineeie ioeiaeaieyie. Oaee aannaeia – eaiaiiua, aunieiea/anoaaiiua;
ioiinyony e ia?eai AE, E, IN, O, 2O. Ia iaeioi?uo ianoi?iaeaeaieyo e
i?iyaeaieyo ioia/aaony i?aia?aciaaiea oaeae a a?aoeo e oa?iiaio?aoeeo
iiae aicaeaenoaeai o?aiiiauo eio?ocee aeiea?eoia.

Ia?niaeoeau inaiaiey oaeae iiaoo auoue ?aaeeciaaiu n o/aoii aunieiai
ni?ina ia eaiaiiue oaieue ca ?oaaaeii e aiciiaeiinoe auaica aai Naaa?iui
ii?neei iooai.

Eaineee aannaei. A i?aaeaeao Oaeiu?neiai AI e Eaineiio aannaeio
ioiineony Aiaaa?i-Oaoaianeee oaeaiiniue ?aeii, i?eo?i/aiiue e Oaoaianeie
aiaaeeia Aienae-Eaineiai i?iaeaa, auiieiaiiie ?aiiaiaeiauie oaeaiiniuie
ioeiaeaieyie. Ia naaa?iii ai?oo aiaaeeiu iaeaieaa aeaoaeueii eco/aiu
ianoi?iaeaeaiey TH?thia-Ooion (Ii?aeaeeneia), iun Ii?oiaue e ae?. Ia
thaeiii ai?oo ioe?uoi Oaoaianeia ianoi?iaeaeaiea ao?uo oaeae (ia
thai-ainoi/iie ie?aeia iin. Oaoaiaa) n caianaie 47,9 iei. o.

A aeeaeaeoea aiaeu ianoi?iaeaeaiea iiaeao noaoue iniiaiui enoi/ieeii
oiieeaa aeey Oaoaianeiai ?aeiia ia aeeeoaeueioth ia?niaeoeao. Iauea
caianu e ?ano?nu Aiaaa?i-Oaoaianeiai oaeaiiniiai ?aeiia ioeaieaathony a
57,8 ie?ae. o.

Iai?aaeaiea aeaeueiaeoeo ?aaio ii ?acaeoeth oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe a
e?aa naycaii n ia?aueaaieai aeiau/e ia aeaenoaothueo e no?iyueony
iiuiinoyo a Eainei-A/eineii aannaeia n i?iaeieaeaieai caeanue ?aaio ii
?acaaaeea ia?niaeoeaiuo oaeaiiniuo ieiuaaeae, a oaeaea ia thaeiie
ie?aeia Ooiaonneiai aannaeia n oeaeueth ?acaeoey oaieueiie aacu Ieaeiaai
I?eaiaa?uey e Yaaieeeneiai AI.

Ia?niaeoeaiuie iai?aaeaieyie eniieueciaaiey oaeae Eainei-A/eineiai
aannaeia yaeythony aeae?iaaiecaoeey, aunieinei?inoiie ie?ieec,
aeae?e?othuee e?aeeia, i?iecaiaenoai aoieiiauo oaeia?aiee e o.ae. Ec 1
iei. o Eainei-A/eineeo oaeae iiaeii iieo/eoue: aeae?iaaiecaoeeae – 250
oun. o aeeaeeiai iioi?iiai oiieeaa; nei?inoiui ie?ieecii – 300-350 oun.
o nooiai iieoeiena e 170 oun. o aaciai-niieyiie o?aeoeee; aeae?e?othuei
e?aeeiaii – 20 oun. o oaieueiie niieu, 16 oun. o iaooaeeia e ae?oaea
i?iaeoeou ia?a?aaioee.

OI?O

A E?aniiy?neii e?aa ?acaaaeaii 150 ianoi?iaeaeaiee oi?oa n caianaie ii
eaoaai?eyi A+A+N1+N2 – 413,5 iei. o. Ii noaiaie eco/aiiinoe e
inaiaiiinoe yoe ianoi?iaeaeaiey ?ani?aaeaeaiu neaaeothuei ia?acii:
?ac?aaaouaaaiua e caeiina?ae?iaaiiua – 15, ?aca?aiua, iiaeaioiaeaiiua
aeey iinoaiiaee aeaoaeueiuo ?acaaaei/iuo ?aaio – 135. E?iia oiai, ca
aaeainii iaoiaeeony 55 ianoi?iaeaeaiee n caianaie iaeiiaeeoeeiiiiai
oi?oa n cieueiinoueth aieaa 35 % e n?aaeiae iiuiinoueth oi?oyiie caeaaee
iaiaa 1,5 i a eiee/anoaa 2147 iei. o (Iaoooei ?.A. e ae?., 1997).

I?iaiiciua ?ano?nu oi?oa ioeaieaathony a 3114,36 iei. o. Oaoiieiae/aneea
naienoaa oi?oia ianoi?iaeaeaiee e?ay eco/aiu oieueei a oie noaiaie,
eioi?ay iaiaoiaeeia aeey auyniaiey aiciiaeiinoe eo eniieueciaaiey a
naeueneii oicyenoaa. Niaoeeaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey oi?oa, iai?aaeaiiua ia
auyaeaiea aiciiaeiinoae eiiieaeniiai eniieueciaaiey a
oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneie, no?ieoaeueiie, oeie/aneie io?aneyo
i?iiuoeaiiinoe, iaaeeoeeia, aaeueiaieiaee e eo?i?oieiaee, ia
i?iaiaeeeenue. ?aoaiea yoeo caaea/ eiaao aieueoia cia/aiea aeey
?anoe?aiey noa?u eniieueciaaiey nu?ueaaie aacu oi?oa, nicaeaiey
auniei?aioaaaeueiie oi?oyiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

2. IAOAEEANEEA IIEACIUA ENEIIAAIUA

Iaoaeee/aneea iieaciua eneiiaaiua E?aniiy?neiai e?ay oa?aeoa?ecothony
caiaoiui ?aciiia?aceai (?en. 2) e cia/eoaeueiui ?ano?niui iioaioeeaeii.
Ii caianai e i?iaiiciui ?ano?nai ioaeaeueiuo eo aeaeia e?ae caieiaao
aaaeouaa ianoi ia oieueei a ?innee, ii e a ie?a. Eiaanoeoeeiiiue
iioaioeeae iaoaeee/aneiai ieia?aeueiiai nu?uey ioeaieaaaony ii/oe a 1,7
ie?ae. aeie.

2.1 *A?IUA IAOAEEU

AEaeaci. E?aniiy?neee e?ae ?aniieaaaao cia/eoaeueiuie caianaie aeaeaciuo
?oae e iiaeao iieiinoueth iaania/eaaoue nu?ueai Eociaoeeee e
Caiaaeii-Neae?neee iaoaeeo?ae/aneea caaiaeu, a oaeaea yenii?oe?iaaoue
?oaeo. Nie?auaiea cao?ao ia o?ainii?oe?iaeo ?oaeu ec ae?oaeo ?aeiiia
no?aiu e no?ai NIA iicaieeo nieceoue naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee
iacaaiiuo caaiaeia ia 20-30 %. Aaeainiaua caianu aeaeaciuo ?oae
E?aniiy?neiai e?ay ii noiia eaoaai?ee A+B+C1 ia 01.01.96 a. ninoaaeytho
1,8 ie?ae. o, eee ieiei 3 % iaua?inneeneeo.

Yeiiiie/anee yooaeoeaiua e inaaeaaaiua caianu aeaeaciuo ?oae
nin?aaeioi/aiu a E?aeinei-E?aniieaiaineii ?oaeiii ?aeiia Ainoi/iiai
Nayia. A aai ninoaaa auaeaeythony aeaa a?oiiu ianoi?iaeaeaiee –
E?aeineay e E?aniieaiaineay, ia eioi?uo ?aaioatho iaeiieiaiiua ?oaeieee.

A iaeanoe ni/eaiaiey Ainoi/iiai e Caiaaeiiai Nayi auaeaeythony aeaa
aeaeaci?oaeiuo ?aeiia: Eece?neee e Oaa?ao-Oayoneee (Eacu?neee), n
eioi?uie naycuaathony ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey aeiau/e aeaeaciuo ?oae.

Ia?aaiaoe. Iniiaie INA ia?aaioea a e?aa yaeyaony Ii?i-aeeineia
ianoi?iaeaeaiea, a i?aaeaeao eioi?iai auyaeaii aieaa 60 ?oaeiuo oae
iauae i?ioyaeaiiinoueth aei 6 ei e iiuiinoueth io 1,0 aei 37,5 i. ?oaeu
aeaoo oeiia – ieeneaiiua e ea?aiiaoiua. Iniiaiua aaeainiaua caianu
nin?aaeioi/aiu a ieeneaiiuo ?oaeao (18,2-18,86 % ieene ia?aaioea) e
ninoaaeytho ii eaoaai?eyi N1+N2 75,2 iei. o. I?e iaiaauaiee ii
o?aaeeoeeiiiie iaaieoii-a?aaeoaoeeiiiie noaia aiciiaeii iieo/aiea ec
ieneaeiuo ?oae eiioeaio?aoia 1-3-ai ni?oia n niaea?aeaieai ia?aaioea –
36,0-48,1 %, aeaeaca – 5,3-9,5 %, oinoi?a – 0,32-0,38 % i?e ecaea/aiee
79 % ia?aaioea a noiia?iue eiioeaio?ao.

Ii ?aioaaii?aaeeiiao?e/aneie noaia iaiaauaiey aiciiaeii iieo/aiea
ieneaeiiai eiioeaio?aoa, a oaeaea ia?ieneaeiiai 1-4-ai ni?oia n
niaea?aeaieai ia?aaioea – io 26,9 aei 55,6 %, aeaeaca – io 0,3 aei 18,9
%, oinoi?a – io 0,12 aei 0,36 % i?e noiia?iii ecaea/aiee ia?aaioea 83,1
%.

?aeiiii oe?ieiai ?acaeoey ia?aaioeaaiai i?oaeaiaiey a ei?ao auaao?eaaiey
yaeyaony o?aaao A?aa, aaea ?aniieiaeaiu io?aaioaiiia Iacoeueneia
ianoi?iaeaeaiea e iiiai/eneaiiua iai?iiuoeaiiua ?oaeii?iyaeaiey. ?aeii
ia?niaeoeaai ia auyaeaiea ianoi?iaeaeaiee ieeneaiiuo ia?aaioeaauo ?oae.

Oeoai. E?aniiy?neee e?ae iaeaaeaao cia/eoaeueiui ieia?aeueii-nu?ueaaui
iioaioeeaeii aeey i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa oeoaia e aai aeeieneaea.
Iaeaieaa cia/eoaeueiua ianoi?iaeaeaiey oeoaia eieaeeciaaiu a
aaceo-aeia?aaceoiauo ianneaao Ainoi/iiai Nayia (Eunaineay a?oiia) e
uaei/ii-oeueo?aaaceoiauo ianneaao naaa?a Neae?neie ieaooi?iu
(Iaeia-/a-Eiooeneay i?iaeioeey), a oaeaea a aeethaeaeueiuo ioeiaeaieyo
Neae?neie ieaooi?iu (Iiaeaoaineia ianoi?iaeaeaiea).

2.2 OeAAOIUA IAOAEEU

Aethieieaaia nu?uea. Ii ninoiyieth ia 01.01.95 a. ia oa??eoi?ee
E?aniiy?neiai e?ay ainoaea?noaaiiui aaeainii o/oaii 6 ianoi?iaeaeaiee
aieneoia: Oeaio?aeueiia, Ioiy, Eaae-aeeaaeae (*aaeiaaoeeay a?oiia),
Ii?iaeieineia, Aa?oioo?ianeia, Ee?aeoaeneia (I?eaiaa?neay a?oiia).
Iaeaieueoea caianu aieneoia (60,6 %) nin?aaeioi/aiu a n?aaeiai ii
?acia?ai Oeaio?aeueiii ianoi?iaeaeaiee.

Ianoi?iaeaeaiey iinea ia?aioeaiee caiania e iniaaiii a nayce n i?eiyoeai
?aoaiey i caaa?oaiee no?ieoaeuenoaa Aiao/aineie AYN ia Aiaa?a e
aiciiaeiinoueth iieo/aiey aeaoaaie yia?aee iiaoo noaoue nu?ueaaie aacie
aethieieaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe e?ay. Iiauoaieth eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
aieneoia aoaeao niinianoaiaaoue i?eiaiaiea iiaie oaoiieiaee eo
ia?a?aaioee n eniieueciaaieai noaiu ia?ae/iiai iaacaeaeaceaaiey iooai
iaaieoiie naia?aoeee. Niaea?aeaiea aeeiicaia a yoii neo/aa iiaeao
iiauneoueny n 32-36 aei 45-55 % n iieo/aieai i?iaeoeoa ia?ee A1-A2,
aoi?ie i?iaeoeo – aeaeacioeoaiiaue eiioeaio?ao – a aeaeueiaeoai oaeaea
niiaeao iaeoe i?eiaiaiea.

No?ieoaeuenoai aeeiicaiii-aethieieaaiai Eiaeeineiai caaiaea (400
oun.o/aiae) ?aoaao aii?in iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey
yia?aee Aiao/aineie AYN.

Ia?niaeoeau ia?aueaaiey nu?ueaaie aacu aieneoia naycuaathony n
aeieco/aieai iaiiieneiaaiiuo ieiuaaeae e auyaeaieai iiauo iauaeoia.

A E?aniiy?neii e?aa ecaanoii ianeieueei e?oiiuo ianoi?iaeaeaiee
iaoaeeiiauo ?oae, neaaathueo ianneau uaei/iuo eiiieaenia: Ai?y/aai?neia,
Aiae?thoeeia ?a/ea (a Eociaoeeii Aeaoao), N?aaeia-Oaoa?neia (a
oeaio?aeueiie /anoe Aienaeneiai e?yaea). Ainaaeainii o/oaiu caianu
ianoi?iaeaeaiee: Ai?y/aai?neiai – 445,9 iei. o ii eaoaai?eyi A+A+N1 e
292,1 iei. o ii eaoaai?ee N2, e Aiae?thoeeia ?a/ea -450,8 iei. o
iaoaeeiniaea?aeaueo aa?aoeoia ii eaoaai?eyi A+B+C1.

Iaoaeeiiaua ?oaeu – e?oiiue nu?ueaaie ?aca?a aethieieaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe
Oeaio?aeueiie Neae?e. Naaiaeiy A/eineee aeeiicaiiue eiiaeiao eniieuecoao
aunieini?oiua iaoaeeiiaua ?oaeu (o?oeou) Eey-Oaeou?neiai
ianoi?iaeaeaiey, ?aniieiaeaiiiai a Eaia?ianeie iaeanoe. Naeiaoe, oeeie.
Naeioeiai-oeeieiaua ?oaeu eieaeeciaaiu a Ai?aaneii ianoi?iaeaeaiee,
caianu eioi?iai ninoaaeytho aieaa 40 % iaua?inneeneeo.

Ianoi?iaeaeaiea i?aaenoaaeaii o?aiy iniiaiuie ?oaeiuie oaeaie, iiuiinoue
eioi?uo eciaiyaony io ia?auo iao?ia aei 90 i. Niaea?aeaiea naeioea a
?oaeao – 7,0 %, oeeiea – 1,35 %. I?iaeoii eiiaeeoeee (1963 a.) ca
aaciaue aue i?eiyo aa?eaio io?aaioee ianoi?iaeaeaiey ea?uea?ii
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth 2 iei. o ?oaeu a aiae n iieo/aieai eiioeaio?aoia
ia i?iiiei-uaaeea Ai?aaneiai AIEa e eo ia?a?aaioeie ia naeiaoe e oeeie
ia caaiaea, no?ieoaeuenoai eioi?iai ieaie?iaaeinue a Aaaeaia. Ioeac io
no?ieoaeuenoaa caaiaea, ieceea (aaeaa aeinoeaaaoea 10 % ieaiiauo) iauaiu
aeiau/e, eeoathuea i?aeiouanoa io?aaioee ianoi?iaeaeaiey ea?uea?ii,
iaaeaiea ie?iauo oeai ia naeiaoe e oeeie yaeeenue i?e/eiaie na?ueaciuo
yeiiiie/aneeo i?iaeai ia Ai?aaneii AIEa, a?icyueo aai inoaiiaeie. A yoie
neooaoeee iniiaiuie oneiaeyie iiauoaiey ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey
yaeythony:

ia?an/ao caiania ianoi?iaeaeaiey ii iiaui ?acaaaei/iui eiiaeeoeeyi;

ia?aoiae ia iiaecaiioth aeiau/o naiuo aiaaouo (aei 10-15 % Pb+Zu) ?oae;

no?ieoaeuenoai ia i?iiieiuaaeea Ai?aaneiai AIEa caaiaea ii ia?a?aaioea
naeioeiai-oeeieiaiai eiioeaio?aoa n eniieueciaaieai
aeae?iiaoaeeo?ae/anei-yeaeo?ieeciie oaoiieiaee.

?aaeecaoeey i?aaeeaaaaiuo ia? iicaieeo aaeaaiaeii i?e aeiau/a 250 oun.o
?oaeu iieo/aoue 50 oun.o eiioeaio?aoa, i?iecaiaeeoue 25-30 oun.o
naeioeiauo, 5-7 oun.o oeeieiauo i?iaeoeoia e 20-25 o na?aa?a.

No?ueia. Iniiao nu?ueaaie aacu no?ueiu e?ay ninoaaeytho eiiieaeniua
cieioino?ueiyiua ianoi?iaeaeaiey aeaoo oi?iaoeee: no?ueiiniaea?aeauae
cieioinoeueoeaeiie e cieioiaioeii-ieo-eaa?oeaaie. E ia?aie i?eiaaeeaaeao
Ieeiieaaeeineia ianoi?iaeaeaiea e ?yae ia?niaeoeaiuo i?iyaeaiee,
?aniieiaeaiiuo a Ieeiieaaeeineie ?oaeiie ciia.

A Ieeiieaaeeineii ianoi?iaeaeaiee nin?aaeioi/aii aieaa 80 %
iaua?inneeneeo caiania no?ueiu eaoaai?ee N2 e aieaa 40 % caiania a
oeaeii. Ia ianoi?iaeaeaiee n 1985 a. aaaeaony aeiau/a cieioa ec “?uoeuo”
?oae ei?u oeie/aneiai auaao?eaaiey, a eioi?uo niaea?aeaiea no?ueiu ii
aeaiiui oaoiieiae/aneiai ii?iaiaaiey ninoaaeyao 0,3 %.

Oaoiieiaey iaiaauaiey ei?aiiuo ?oae n iieo/aieai no?ueiyiiai
eiioeaio?aoa ii?iaiaaia a iieoi?iiuoeaiiuo oneiaeyo i?eiaieoaeueii e
ie?iiaoaeeo?ae/aneie ia?a?aaioea noeueoeaeiuo eiioeaio?aoia.

Cieioiaioeiiieo-eaa?oeaaay oi?iaoeey i?aaenoaaeaia ?yaeii ?oaeiuo
iauaeoia ia Aienaeneii e?yaea, iaeaieaa eco/aiiui ec eioi?uo yaeyaony
Oaea?aeneia cieioino?ueiyiia ianoi?iaeaeaiea. No?ueiyiia i?oaeaiaiea
eieaeecoaony a eaa?oe-na?eoeeoiauo neaioeao ieaeiaoaea?aeneie iiaenaeou
e i?aaenoaaeaii eaa?oe-aioeiiieoiauie, eaa?oe-aioeiiieo-aa?ouea?eoiauie
aeeeaie ni n?aaeiei niaea?aeaieai no?ueiu aei 10,5 %. Auiieiaiiay a 1997
a. oe?oiiaiiay ia?aioeaiea ianoi?iaeaeaiey iieacaea aiciiaeiinoue
aeinoaoi/ii aunieie ?aioaaaeueiinoe aai inaiaiey.

Ieeaeue, iaaeue, eiaaeueo, ieaoeiieaeu. I?iaeaia aeiau/e e i?iecaiaenoaa
ieeaey, iaaee, eiaaeueoa e ieaoeiieaeia a E?aniiy?neii e?aa iai?yioth
naycaia n inaiaieai INA aai naaa?iuo oa??eoi?ee. Ieia?aeueii-nu?ueaaie
iioaioeeae naaa?a e?ay (Ii?eeueneee i?iiuoeaiiue ?aeii e i?eeaaathuea
ieiuaaee) ii?aaeaeyaony eae oieeaeueiue ii caianai ?acaaaeaiiuo e
?ac?aaaouaaaiuo eiiieaeniuo ianoi?iaeaeaiee noeueoeaeiuo
iaaeii-ieeaeaauo ?oae n eiaaeueoii, ieaoeiieaeaie e cieioii, ia aaca
eioi?uo aieaa 55 eao aeaenoaoao Ii?eeueneee ai?ii-iaoaeeo?ae/aneee
eiiaeiao.

N o/aoii nia?aiaiiiai o?iaiy i?iecaiaenoaa neiaeeaoayny INA iaania/eo
aeayoaeueiinoue ai?ii-aeiauaathueo i?aaei?eyoee AI “Ii?eeueneee
eiiaeiao” aei 2065 a.

Iniiaiua ia?niaeoeau ia?aueaaiey caiania aiaaouo eiiieaeniuo
noeueoeaeiuo ?oae naycuaathony a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue n iauaeoaie,
auyaeaiiuie a ?aeiia aeaenoaothueo ?oaeieeia, a oii /enea ia
ia?niaeoeaiue oei iaeinoeueoeaeiuo ieaoeiieaeiuo ?oae. Aieueoea ?ano?nu
ieaoeiieaeia caeeth/aiu a oaoiiaaiiuo ia?aciaaieyo – oainoao Ii?eeueneie
IO.

Ae?oaie ?aeii, aanueia ia?niaeoeaiue ia auyaeaiea i?iiuoeaiii cia/eiuo
?innuiae ieia?aeia ieaoeiiaie a?oiiu (a iniiaiii e?eaeiniei e
naii?iaeiue iniee), i?eo?i/ai e o/anoeo ?acaeoey oeueo?ainiiaiuo ii?iae
Ooeeineiai ianneaa a Iaeia/a-Eiooeneii ?aeiia I?eaiaaa?uey.

A nayce n inaiaieai naaa?iuo oa??eoi?ee a iineaaeiea aiaeu aiciee ?yae
i?iaeai, ?aoaiea eioi?uo naycaii n eco/aieai ieeaeaiiniinoe
iiiai/eneaiiuo aeia?aaceoiauo ianneaia Eaineiai caeaiieaiaiiiai iiyna
(Eaineay aeuaa, Ainoi/iue Nayi). A ?yaea ianneaia onoaiiaeaii
ia?niaeoeaiia iaaeii-ieeaeaaia i?oaeaiaiea. A i?aaeaeao Eeiaaoneiai
ianneaa auyaeaii n?aaeiaa ii ianooaao noeueoeaeiia iaaeii-ieeaeaaia
ianoi?iaeaeaiea n niioonoaothueie eiaaeueoii, ieaoeiieaeaie e cieioii.

2.3 ?AAeEEA E ?AAeEICAIAEUeIUA IAOAEEU

Ia Aienaeneii e?yaea ?acaaaeaii e ia?aaeaii aeey inaiaiey
ieiaee-?aaeeicaiaeueiia Oaoa?neia ianoi?iaeaeaiea, a oaeaea auyaeaiu
*oeooeiineia e Eeeneia ianoi?iaeaeaiey a ei?ao auaao?eaaiey.

*oeooeiineia ianoi?iaeaeaiea ?aniieiaeaii a Aiao/aineii ?aeiia a 100 ei
e naaa?o io Eiaeeinea, a 230 ei io ae.ae. no. Ea?aaoea.

Ia?aciaaiea i?iiuoeaiiuo eiioeaio?aoeee ieiaey e ?aaeeeo caiaeue ia
ianoi?iaeaeaiee iaycaii ?acaeoeth iiuiuo ei? auaao?eaaiey ii
iaaiaoe/aneei ii?iaeai. I?iaiiciua ?ano?nu yoeo iaoaeeia ia ieiuaaee 6
ei2 e caianu a aeiea 800×600 i aeinoaoi/iu, /oiau ioianoe
ianoi?iaeaeaiea e ?ac?yaeo e?oiiaeoeo, eae Oiioi? a ?anioaeeea Naoa
(sseooey) e Aayi-Iai a Eeoaa.

Eeeneia ianoi?iaeaeaiea ?aaeeicaiaeueiuo ?oae ?aniieiaeaii a 530 ei e
naaa?o io E?aniiy?nea a i?aaeaeao iaeiieiaiiiai uaei/iiai ianneaa.

Nianoaaiii ianoi?iaeaeaieai yaeyaony iieina ea?aiiaoeoiaiai ooieaa?ea
i?ioyaeaiiinoueth 2,5 ei i?e n?aaeiae oe?eia 400 i; iaiaauaiiue o/anoie
ei?u auaao?eaaiey ii ea?aiiaoeoai eiaao ?acia?u 300×400 i.

Niaea?aeaiea ieneaeia ?aaeeeo caiaeue a i?iaao aeinoeaaao 20 %,
ninoaaeyy a n?aaeiai 5,90 %; i?eianae, %: Nb2O5 – 0,3; ZrO2 -0,1; Li2O –
0,06. Iniiaiia ioee/ea io ?oae ianoi?iaeaeaiey Oiioi? ninoieo a
nouanoaaiii aieueoai niaea?aeaiee ieneaeia e aeae?ieneaeia aeaeaca, /oi
aeaao aiciiaeiinoue yooaeoeaiiai iaiaauaiey ?oaeu ca n/ao ia?aaiaea
aeaeaca a iaaieoiia ninoiyiea e oaeaeaiey aai iaaieoiie naia?aoeeae.

Noaia aiciiaeiie i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeeo e ?aaeeicaiaeueiuo
iaoaeeia ia aaca yoeo ianoi?iaeaeaiee aeeth/aao:

oaoiieiae/aneia aeieco/aiea ?oae e ?ac?aaioeo oaoiieiae/aneiai
?aaeaiaioa eo ia?a?aaioee;

aei?acaaaeeo e ia?an/ao caiania ianoi?iaeaeaiee ii iiaui eiiaeeoeeyi;

no?ieoaeuenoai caaiaea ii ia?a?aaioea ?aaeeiiaoaeeueiuo eiioeaio?aoia ia
aaca eiiaa?neiiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a AEaeaciiai?nea.

Ia?aay i/a?aaeue caaiaea ii ia?a?aaioea 10 oun.o aiaaouo ?oae eee
eiioeaio?aoia aoaeao aaeaaiaeii eiiiaine?iaaoue auauaoea
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua iiuiinoe a aa?iiaeneie /anoe ?innee e aeeaeiai
ca?oaaaeuea e nieceo aic?anoathuoth caaeneiinoue io ca?oaaaeiuo
enoi/ieeia nu?uey ii ?yaeo ?aaeeeo iaoaeeia.

N oa??eoi?eae Yaaieeeneiai AI naycaiu ia?niaeoeau iaia?oaeaiey
ianoi?iaeaeaiee no?iioeey. Caeanue oaea auyaeai ?yae i?iyaeaiee,
iaeaieaa ecaanoiua ec eioi?uo – Aieueoaaei-aiaieineia, Oaaeeoneia e
Iaeioaaeeoneia. I?iaiiciua ?ano?nu no?iioeey ioeaieaathony a 31,3 iei o
i?e n?aaeiai niaea?aeaiee ieene no?iioeey 28 %.

3. CIEIOI

Ia oa??eoi?ee e?ay ?acaaaeaii aieaa 300 ei?aiiuo, ?innuiiuo e
eiiieaeniuo ianoi?iaeaeaiee e ia?niaeoeaiuo ?oaeii-?iyaeaiee cieioa. Aai
nu?ueaaay aaca nin?aaeioi/aia a o?aaeeoeeiiii inaaeaaaiuo Aienaeneie,
Ainoi/ii-Nayineie cieioiiiniuo, Ii?eeueneie cieioiieaoeiiiiniie
i?iaeioeeyo, a oaeaea a iiauo ia?niaeoeaiuo Oaeiu?i-Naaa?icaiaeueneie,
Iaeia/a-Eiooeneie e Aiaaa?neie i?iaeioeeyo.

Iaeaieaa cia/eoaeueiue nu?ueaaie iioaioeeae cieioa nianoaaiii
cieioi?oaeiuo ianoi?iaeaeaiee nin?aaeioi/ai ia Aienaeneii e?yaea a
i?aaeaeao Aienaeneie cieioiiiniie i?iaeioeee (55,4 % caiania e aieaa 60
% i?iaiiciuo ?ano?nia ?oaeiiai cieioa e?ay).

Aienaeneay i?iaeioeey. Cieioi?oaeiua iauaeou i?iaeioeee aeeth/atho 94,2
% aaeainiauo caiania (eaoaai?ee A+B+C1+N2) e 94,1 % i?iaiiciuo ?ano?nia
(eaoaai?ee P1+?2) e?ay (aac o/aoa aaoiiiiiuo ie?oaia), /oi ia aeieaoth
ia?niaeoeao aoaeao ii?aaeaeyoue ?acaeoea aai cieioiaeiauaathuae
i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

Yeciaaiiua oi?iaoeee Aienaeneie cieioiiiniie i?iaeioeee i?aaenoaaeaiu
?innuiiuie ianoi?iaeaeaieyie, ?ac?aaioea eioi?uo aaaeaony oaea aieaa 160
eao e eioi?ua aei neo ii? a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a ii?aaeaeytho no?oeoo?o
aeiau/e a ?aaeiia. Ii?aaeaeaiiua ia?niaeoeau aeiau/e ?innuiiiai cieioa a
Aienaeneie i?iaeioeee naycuaathony n ea?noiauie ?innuiyie e iauaeoaie
ei? auaao?eaaiey. Auaeaeai ?yae ieiuaaeae, ia?niaeoeaiuo ia iaia?oaeaiea
iauaeoia aeaiiiai oeia (*eiaanainei-Oaeneay, Aa?oia-Aa?aaneay,
Aiaoeieineay, Cu?yii-?oaeeeianeay, Oaea?aeneay, Io?iaeieineay).

Ainoi/ii-Nayineay i?iaeioeey. A aaeainiauo caianao e i?iaiiciuo ?ano?nao
?oaeiiai cieioa e?ay ia aeieth Ainoi/ii-Nayineie i?iaeioeee i?eoiaeeony
ieiei 6 %. Ianeieueei auoa iieacaoaee ii ?innuiiiio cieioo (ieiei 11 %
aaeainiauo caiania e 10 % i?iaiiciuo ?ano?nia). Iaeiaei iioaioeeae
cieioiiiniinoe i?iaeioeee aeaeaei ia en/a?iai e o?aaoao aeiiieieoaeueiie
ioeaiee.

A cieioi?oaeiuo oceao i?iaeioeee eieaeeciaaiu ianoi?iaeaeaiey
yiaeiaaiiuo ?oaeiuo (cieioinoeueoeaeii-eaa?oeaaie, cieioinoeueoeaeiie e
cieioi?aaeeiiaoaeeueiie) e yeciaaiiuo (aeethaeaeueiie, yethaeaeueiie,
yethaeaeueii-aeaethaeaeueiie) oi?iaoeee.

Iniiaiie i?iiuoeaiiie cieioiiiniie oi?iaoeeae yaeyaony
cieioinoeueoeaeii-eaa?oeaaay. Iia i?aaenoaaeaia ianoi?iaeaeaieyie e
i?iyaeaieyie Ieueoianei-*eaeaeaeneiai ?oaeiiai ocea (Eiinoaioeiianeia,
Euniai?neia, Iaaeaaaeuea, Ieue-oianeia, N?aaeiyy Oa?/a, Aeenoea?ianeia,
Eaaiianeia, Ea?a-oaaneia e ae?.).

Ia?niaeoeau cieioinoeueoeaeii-eaa?oeaaie oi?iaoeee naycuaathony n
Ieueoianei-*eaeaeaeneei, Oeiaeeineei, Eece?neei e Neneineei ?oaeiuie
oceaie.

Ia?niaeoeau ?innuiiie cieioiiiniinoe naycuaathony n ae?aaieie
(iacicieneeie e o?aoe/iuie) e iieiaeuie (nia?aiaiiuie) ?innuiyie a
i?aaeaeao cieioiiiniuo oceia. Oaeiu?i-Naaa?icaiaeueneay i?iaeioeey
ea?aao iiea ia?aie/aiioth ?ieue a INA cieioa. Caeanue iao
iiaeaioiaeaiiuo caiania (aaeainiauo) ?oaeiiai cieioa, a aai i?iaiiciua
?ano?nu (eaoaai?ee P1+?2) ninoaaeytho ianeieueei aieaa 9 % ?ano?nia
cieioa e?ay.

Oai ia iaiaa ?aaioaie iineaaeieo eao a thaeiie /anoe i-aa Aieueoaaee
onoaiiaeaiu oieeaeueiua ii o?iaith cieioiiiniinoe i?iyaeaiey
iaeinoeueoeaeiie cieioieaa?oeaaie oi?iaoeee, eioi?ua iicaieeee aanueia
iioeienoe/ii ioeaieaaoue ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey cieioiaeiau/e a
Oaeiu?i-Naaa?icaiaeueneii ?aaeiia, iniaaiii a thaeiie /anoe
Aieueoaaenoneiai ?oaeii-?innuiiiai ?aeiia.

4. IAIAOAEE*ANEEA IIEACIUA ENEIIAAIUA

Ia oa??eoi?ee E?aniiy?neiai e?ay ?acaaaeaii nauoa 600 ianoi?iaeaeaiee
iaiaoaeee/aneiai ieia?aeueiiai nu?uey, oi?ie?othueo iiuioth aaco aeey
noaaeeueiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey oeaeiai ?yaea
i?iecaiaenoa (ni. ?en. 2).

Oinoaoiua ?oaeu. Ia oa??eoi?ee e?ay auyaeaiu ianoi?iaeaeaiey eae
oinoi?eoiauo, oae e aiaoeoiauo ?oae. Iaeaieueoaa ?ani?ino?aiaiea
iieo/eee aiaoeoiaua ?oaeu, nin?aaeioi/aiiua a Iaeia/a-Eiooeneie,
Aienaenei-*aaeiaaoeeie e Ainoi/ii-Nayineie aiaoeoiiiniuo i?iaeioeeyo.

Ianoi?iaeaeaiey oinoi?eoia, aucuaathuea iaeaieueoee eioa?an,
?aniieiaeaiu a Ainoi/iii Nayia (Oaeaeneia, Naeaeineia e ae?oaea
ianoi?iaeaeaiey). Iie eieaeecothony a ei?ao oeie/aneiai auaao?eaaiey ii
ia?ae/iui ?oaeiui ai?eciioai. Aeey ianoi?iaeaeaiee yoiai oeia
?ac?aaioaiu yooaeoeaiua iaoiaeu iaiaauaiey e ia?a?aaioee ?oae n oeaeueth
iieo/aiey oinoaoiuo oaeia?aiee.

Aaeainiaua caianu oinoi?eoia – 34,7 iei. o, i?iaiiciua ?ano?nu – 612,3
iei. o. Iniiaiua caianu oinoi?eoiauo ?oae nin?aaeioi/aiu a
Ainoi/ii-Nayineii ?aaeiia; i?iaiiciua ?ano?nu – a Yaaieeeneii AI (375
iei. o).

A?aoeo, oa?iiaio?aoeeo. E?aniiy?neee e?ae ?aniieaaaao cia/eoaeueiuie
caianaie e i?iaiiciuie ?ano?naie a?aoeoa (niioaaonoaaiii 86,5 e 264,8
iei. o) e oa?iiaio?aoeeoa (41,9 e 178,1 iei. o).

Ana ianoi?iaeaeaiey, i?iyaeaiey e ia?niaeoeaiua ieiuaaee ?aniieaaathony
a caiaaeiie /anoe Ooiaonneiai oaeaiiniiai aannaeia. Auaeaeythony aeaa
iniiaiuo a?aoeoiiiniuo ?aeiia – Eo?aeneee (nianoaaiii a e?aa) e
Iiaeineee (a Yaaieeeneii AI).

A i?aaeaeao Eo?aeneiai ?aeiia aeaoaeueii ?acaaaeaii iaeiieiaiiia
ianoi?iaeaeaiea a?aoeoa n aaeainiauie caianaie i?iiuoeaiiuo eaoaai?ee a
iauaia 9,8 iei. o.

Eaieei. Iniiaiua ianoi?iaeaeaiey e i?iyaeaiey eaieeiiaiai nu?uey,
i?eaiaeiiai aeey i?iecaiaenoaa ecaeaeee oiieie ea?aieee,
eia?iai-iicae/iie ieeoee, ee?ie/a, oeaiaioa, iaiaoii?ia, iaoiaeyony a
?uaeineie aiaaeeia. Caeanue ?aniieiaeaiu ?ac?aaaouaaaoaany ?aiaa
Aaeaeneia (n noiia?iuie caianaie 5 iei o) e ?ac?aaaouaaaiia a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy Eai-iaiianeia (n i?iiuoeaiiuie caianaie 12,2 iei. o)
ianoi?iaeaeaiey eaieeiiauo e iaiaoii?iuo aeei. Iiuou ii aeiaaaeai
eaiiaiianeeo eaieeiia e ?oaeai Eey-Oaeou?neiai ianoi?iaeaeaiey i?e
ia?a?aaioea eo ia aeeiicai ia A/eineii aeeiicaiiii eiiaeiaoa iicaieytho
eiiiaine?iaaoue iiieaeaiea niaea?aeaiee aeeiicaia a nu?uea e oaaee/eoue
n?ie aai io?aaioee aac no?ieoaeuenoaa iaiaaoeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eyoey.

Iaaiaceo. A i?aaeaeao Aienaeneiai e?yaea auaeaeai e?oiiue Oaea?aeneee
iaaiaceoiiiniue ?aeii n i?iaiiciuie ?ano?naie 352 iei. o e aeaoaeueii
?acaaaeaiu ianoi?iaeaeaiey iaaiaceoa Ee?aeoaeneia, Oaeueneia,
Aa?oioo?ianeia n noiia?iuie caianaie i?iiuoeaiiuo eaoaai?ee 223,2 iei.
o. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ?ac?aaaouaathony Ee?aeoaeneay a?oiia
ianoi?iaeaeaiee (Naaa?i-Aiaa?neee AIE) e Aa?oioo?ianeia ianoi?iaeaeaiea
(AI “Noaeueiaa”). Ianoi?iaeaeaiey iaaiaceoia Ieaeiaai I?eaiaa?uey iiaoo
?anniao?eaaoueny a ea/anoaa yooaeoeaiie nu?ueaaie aacu aeey oi?ie?iaaiey
e?oiiuo i?aaei?eyoee iaoaeeo?ae/aneie, iaiaoii?iie e ae?oaeo io?aneae
i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Iauea caianu iaaiaceoia ioeaieaathony caeanue a 400-500
iei. o.

Oaeuee. INA oaeueea oi?ie?otho ianoi?iaeaeaiey e i?iyaeaiey aeaoo
aaiaoe/aneeo oeiia: naycaiiuo n oeueo?ainiiaiuie (aeia?aaceoiaue iiyn
Caiaaeiiai Nayia) e iaaiaceaeueii-ea?aiiaoiuie (ainoi/iay /anoue e
naaa?iua io?iae Aienaeneiai e?yaea) ii?iaeaie. A ea?aiiaoiuo
(aeieiieoiauo) i?ioa?icieneeo oieuao auyaeaiu ianoi?iaeaeaiea
Ee?aeoaeneia e ?yae ia?niaeoeaiuo i?iyaeaiee.

Oeaieeou. Noiia?iua caianu oeaieeoia, ioeaiaiiua a 73 iei. o,
nin?aaeioi/aiu i?aeoe/anee iieiinoueth a aeaoo ianoi?iaeaeaieyo –
Iaoaineii e Naoaioeineii. Naoaioeineia ianoi?iaeaeaiea oeaieeoia
aeieco/aaony e oaea yaeyaony iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiui aeey i?iiuoeaiiiai
inaiaiey.

Iioe/aneia e iueaciiioe/aneia nu?uea. Ia oa??eoi?ee e?ay, a iniiaiii a
aaeieieno?aoeaiuo a?aieoeao Yaaieeeneiai AI, ?aniieaaaaony e?oiiaeoay
i?iaeioeey iioe/aneiai eneaiaeneiai oiaoa. Aa ieiuaaeue ieiei 100 oun.
ei2. I?aeoe/anee ana ianoi?iaeaeaiey eneaiaeneiai oiaoa eieaeecothony a
yoooceaiuo ii?iaeao oooieaaiaie oieue o?eana. Iauea caianu iioe/aneiai
eaeueoeeoa ioeaieaathony eae oieeaeueiua. Aiciaiiaeaiea ianooaaiie
aeiau/e aiciiaeii i?e oeo/oaiee eiiuthieoo?u ?uiea yoiai nu?uey.

Aeiacu. A n?aaeiai oa/aiee ?.Iiaeeaiaiiay Ooiaonea ieiioo?aiu ?aeiiu,
ia?niaeoeaiua ia iaia?oaeaiea i?iiuoeaiiuo eiioeaio?aoeee aeiacia
eeiaa?eeoiaiai oeia. E?iia oiai, ia naaa?a e?ay a i?aaeaeao Iiieaaeneie
eieueoeaaie no?oeoo?u iaia?oaeaiu e aeaoaeueii eco/aiu oieeaeueiua ii
caianai ianoi?iaeaeaiey eiiaeoiuo (oaoie/aneeo) aeiacia, eioi?ua iiaoo
auoue aiaea/aiu a i?iiuoeaiiia inaiaiea a n?aaeian?i/iie ia?niaeoeaa.

CAEETH*AIEA.

E?aniiy?neee e?ae ii caianai cieioa, oaey, naeioea, no?ueiu,
aethieieaaiai nu?uey, iaaee, ieeaey, eiaaeueoa, ieaoeiieaeia caieiaao
aaaeouea iiceoeee a ?innee, a ii iaeioi?ui ec ieo yaeyaony ie?iaui
eeaea?ii. I?ei?eoaoiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey e inaiaiey INA:

?ac?aaioea iiauo eiioeaiooaeueiuo iiaeoiaeia e inaiaieth ianoi?iaeaeaiee
iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo, iaania/eaathueo aunieoth ?aioaaaeueiinoue
ecaea/aiey iieaciiai eiiiiiaioa, yeieiae/aneoth aaciianiinoue
i?iecaiaenoaa e niinianoaothueo onoie/eaiio ?acaeoeth ioaeaeueiuo
oa??eoi?ee e e?ay a oeaeii;

?acaeoea iaooaaaciaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe n ia?niaeoeaie o/anoey a
Aceaonei-Oeoiieaaineii i?iaeoa ia aaca ianoi?iaeaeaiee iaooe e aaca thaa
Neae?neie ieaooi?iu;

?acaeoea oaeaaeiauaathuae i?iiuoeaiiinoe ia iniiaa o?aaeeoeeiiiie
aeiau/e e ia?niaeoeaiie ia?a?aaioee ao?uo oaeae oieeaeueiiai
Eainei-A/eineiai aannaeia;

onei?aiiia ?acaeoea cieioiaeiauaathuae i?iiuoeaiiinoe e?ay n
aeiaaaeaieai aeiau/e iaoaeea aei 25-27 o. a aiae e 2005 a.;

?acaeoea e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeey ai?ii-aeiauaathuae i?iiuoeaiiinoe e
iaoaeeo?aee oeaaoiuo e ?aaeeeo iaoaeeia a Ieaeiai I?eaiaa?uea e
E?aniiy?nea.

NIENIE EEOA?AOO?U:

1. Ieia?aeueiua ?ano?nu ?innee (ethiue 1993a.).

2. Ieia?aeueiua ?ano?nu ?innee (naioya?ue 1996a.).

3. Ieia?aeueiua ?ano?nu ?innee (ia?o 2000a.).

4. Iieneiaay nenoaia Yandex.

5. Iieneiaay nenoaia Rambler.

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