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Марко Поло

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IA?EI IIEI

A iaeiie ec a?aaneeo neacie «Ouny/a e iaeia ii/ue» ?anneacuaaaony i
iaiaueiiaaiiuo i?eeeth/aieyo eoioea, eioi?iai i?icaaee
Neiaeaaaeii-ii?aoiaeii. O?aa?ue iooaoanoaaiiee, ii oiaeee a aeaeueiea
no?aiu iiae ia?onaie ii ao?iiio ii?th, i?iieeae a iai?enooiiua ai?u,
n?aaeaeny n aeaaioneei ciaai, aeaeae no?aoioth ioeoeo ?oo, eioi?ay
iiaeieiaao ia aicaeoo e oiineo a naia aiacaei aeeaiai auea. Yoi i/aiue
noa?ay neacea, ii aa e iuia /eoatho n caoaaouaathuei eioa?anii. A
700—800 eao iacaae a n?aaeiaaaeiaie Aa?iia ethaee /enoina?aea/ii aa?eee,
/oi, a naiii aeaea, a aeaeaeeo no?aiao Ainoiea anoue e i?iaei?eeaue
ciae, e no?aoiay ioeoea ?oo, e aua iiiai ae?oaeo noieue aea
oaeeaeoaeueiuo /oaean. A oa aeaeaeea a?aiaia aa?iiaeoeu ii/oe ie/aai ia
ciaee i aiaaouo ai?iaeao Eeoay e Eiaeee, i aieioenouo aeaeoiaeyo e
a?iiaaeiuo iaai?ueyo Acee, i aieueoeo caieaaeaeue/aneeo ?aaieiao, ii
eioi?ui oaeoo aaeeeea ?aee — ssioecu e Ooaioy.

A Aa?iia aei?iai oeaieeenue oiaa?u ainoi/iuo no?ai: neiiiaay einoue e
ecaeaeey ec iaa, ae?aaioeaiiua eaiie, i?yiinoe — ei?eoea, aaicaeeea,
ia?aoe, i?eaeathuea iniaue aeon ieua. Iaoe?ioth oi?aiaeth n Ainoieii
/a?ac iin?aaenoai a?aaneeo eoioeia aaee Aaioy e Aaiaoeey — e?oiiua
oi?aiaua ai?iaea.

A?aaneea eoioeu, i?eaicy caii?neea oiaa?u a aa?iiaeneea ii?ou,
?anneacuaaee i aeaeaeeo e o?oaeiiaeinooiiuo no?aiao Aceaoneiai
eiioeiaioa. Oae, a Aa?iio aeioiaeeee iaeioi?ua aaia?aoe/aneea naaaeaiey
i caaaaei/iuo caieyo — Eiaeee, Eeoaa, ino?iaao Iaeaeneiai a?oeiaeaaa.

A XIII a. iiyaeythony iienaiey no?ai Ainoiea, aaea iiauaaee aa?iiaeneea
iooaoanoaaiieee. A yoeo iienaieyo ia?aae Aa?iiie ioe?uaaeny iaaaaeiiue
ie? aeaeaeie Acee n aunieie, iiiaia?aiiie eoeueoo?ie aa ia?iaeia, n
naiaia?aciie i?e?iaeie. Naiia caia/aoaeueiia ec oaeeo iienaiee naeaeae
iooaoanoaaiiee Ia?ei Iiei, ?iaeii ec Aaiaoeee.

Ioaoe aai — i?aaei?eei/eaue aaiaoeeaineee eoiaoe — aianoa ni naiei
a?aoii /aou?iaaeoeaoue eao aae oi?aiaua aeiea a no?aiao Ainoiea.
Aa?ioaoenue a ?iaeioth Aaiaoeeth, a?aouey Iiei /a?ac aeaa aiaea niiaa
ioi?aaeeenue ia Ainoie, ia yoio ?ac, acya n niaie thiioo Ia?ei.

Ia/aeenue aiaeu no?ainoaee aaiaoeeaioeaa.

E aa?aaai Acee Ia?ei Iiei ieue ii N?aaeecaiiiio ii?th. Aeieeiie ?. Oea?a
ii aeia?aeny /a?ac Aaaaeaae aei Aan?u — ii?oiaiai ai?iaea aicea
Ia?neaeneiai caeeaa. Caeanue ii niiaa nae ia ei?aaeue e n iiiooiui
aao?ii aeiieue aei I?ioca. Ionthaea o?oaeiuie, aeeeiiuie ea?aaaiiuie
iooyie Ia?ei Iiei i?ioae anth Oeaio?aeueioth Aceth, aeee a Iiiaieee e
Eeoaa, neoaeee i?e aeai?a iiiaieueneiai oaia, iiauaae ai iiiaeo
eeoaeneeo ai?iaeao.

Aica?auaynue a Aaiaoeeth ia eeoaeneii ei?aaea, Ia?ei Iiei ia?anae
Eiaeeeneee ieaai.

Iieoi?a aiaea aeeeeinue yoi oyaeaeia ieaaaiea. Ec 600 /aeiaae, eioi?ua
ia/aee aai, e eiioeo iooaoanoaey a aeeauo inoaeenue iaiiiaea. Ca a?aiy
ieaaaiey Ia?ei Iiei iiaeaeae Noiao?o, Oeaeeii e aa?aaa Eiaeinoaia.

Io Ia?neaeneiai caeeaa nooae, /a?ac ionouie e ai?u, a iioii niiaa ia
ei?aaea N?aaeecaiiui ii?ai ii aeinoea, iaeiiaoe, Aaiaoeee. Ieiei
/aoaa?oe aaea Ia?ei Iiei i?iaae aaeaee io ?iaeiiai ai?iaea.

Anei?a iinea naiaai aica?auaiey Ia?ei Iiei ia?aoee aua iaeii —
iineaaeiaa a naiae aeecie i?eeeth/aiea. Aai ?iaeeia — Aaiaoeey e ae?oaie
aiaaoue oi?aiaue ai?iae — Aaioy aaee aieiu ca ia?aainoai a oi?aiaea.
Aaiaoeeaineea e aaioycneea eoioeu ciaee oiaaea oiee a aeaaa?aeao, ia/ao
e aai?aeaaeiuo e?th/ueyo ia iaiueoa, /ai a aaciaiao e n/aoiuo eieaao. A
iaeiii ec ii?neeo noieeiiaaiee i?eieiae o/anoea e Ia?ei Iiei.
Aaiaoeeaioeu iioa?iaee ii?aaeaiea, ii iiiae a aaioycneee ieai e aue
caeeth/ai a oth?ueio. Nionoy iaeioi?ia a?aiy Ia?ei Iiei aa?ioeny ec
ieaia ia ?iaeeio a Aaiaoeeth e, i?iaeea oai aeaaiiieo/ii aua 25 eao,
oia? a 1324 a.

A aaioycneii ieaio Ia?ei Iiei nicaeae “Eieao i ?aciiia?acee ie?a” —
aannia?oiue iaiyoiee naiaai iooaoanoaey. Iaiaueiiaaiiui auei ?iaeaeaiea
yoie eieae: iiae aeeeoiaeo Ia?ei Iiei aa ienae a oth?ueia ?onoe/aii —
o?iaeaiaoe a. Iecu, ni/eieoaeue ?uoea?neeo ?iiaiia, oiaea ieacaaoeeny a
aaioycneii ieaio.

A nu?ii iieoi?aea oaiieoeu aae naie iaoi?iieeaue ?anneac Ia?ei Iiei, e
no?aieoeo ca no?aieoeae caiieiye iiae aai aeeeoiaeo ?onoe/aii. Caeii/ea
i/a?aaeioth /anoue naieo ainiiieiaiee, Ia?ei Iiei aeiaaaeye a
caeeth/aiea: «Inoaaei yoo no?aio aea ii ii?yaeeo ?anneaaeai i ae?oaeo.
Ecaieueoa iineooaoue». E ?onoe/aii ia/eiae caienue iiaie aeaau.

Ia iooe ec Aaiaoeee a Iiiaieeth Ia?ei Iiei i?ioae /a?ac «E?uoo ie?a» —
Iaie?. Aniiieiay ia yoii, ii aeeeoiaae: «Aaeaoue ia naaa?i-ainoie, ana
ii ai?ai, e iiaeieiaaoueny a naiia aunieia, aiai?yo, ianoi a naaoa. Ia
oii aunieii ianoa iaaeaeo aeaoo ai? iaoiaeeony ?aaieia, ii eioi?ie oa/ao
neaaiay ?a/ea. Eo/oea a naaoa ianoaeua ooo; naiay ooaeay neioeia
?acaee?aao caeanue a aeanyoue aeiae. Aeeeeo caa?ae ooo iiiaia
iiiaeanoai. Iiiai ooo aieueoeo aeeeeo aa?aiia…» *ai auoa iiaeieiaeny
ia Iaie? iooaoanoaaiiee, oai no?iaaa noaiiaeeanue i?e?iaea: «…ai ana
a?aiy iao ie aeeeuey, ie o?aau; aaeo ioaeii ianoe n niaie. Ioeoe ooo iao
iooiai, /oi auniei e oieiaeii. Io aaeeeiai oieiaeo e iaiiue ia oae
naaoae, e ia oiai oeaaoa, eae a ae?oaeo ianoao, e ieua ia oae oi?ioi
aa?eony».

I aei?iaa /a?ac ionouith Aiae iooaoanoaaiiee ?anneacuaaao: «A ionouiy
oa, neaaeo aai, aaeeeay; a oeaeue aiae, aiai?yo, ia i?ieoe aa aaeieue;
aea e oai, aaea iia oaea, aea-aea i?ieoe a ianyoe. Anthaeo ai?u, ianee
aea aeieeiu; e ieaaea ieeaeie aaeu».

E /eneo naiuo eioa?aniuo ioiinyony aeaau eieae, iiaanoaothuea i Eeoaa. N
ainoeuaieai ?anneacuaaao Ia?ei Iiei i eeoaeneeo ai?iaeao. N?aaeiaaaeiaue
aa?iiaeneee eoiaoe aeaeaei ia ai anai oiae ?acia?aoueny a Eeoaa, a eia i
/ai oiae/eaae, ni?aaaaeeeai iianaynue, /oi aai ia iieioo
niioa/anoaaiieee: aaaeue oiaaeaoiyy eeoaeneay eoeueoo?a ai iiiaii
i?aainoiaeeea eoeueoo?o n?aaeiaaaeiaie Aa?iiu. Ia niiauaao, iai?eia?,
Ia?ei Iiei i eieaiia/aoaiee a Eeoaa, ia ecaanoiii aua a Aa?iia a oa
a?aiaia. Ii e oi, i /ai ?anneacae iooaoanoaaiiee, ioe?uei aa?iiaeoeai
iiaue caia/aoaeueiue ie? «?anneacaee aai i iiiaeo iaeanoyo, inoaaei
oaia?ue ana yoi e ia/iai ia Eiaeee e iai anao oaiioieo /oaeanao»,— oae
ia/eiaaony a eieaa aaiaoeeaioea iiaay aeaaa. Iooaoanoaaiiee niiauaao,
/oi aeiaeaee a Eiaeee auaatho oieueei o?e ianyoea a aiaeo — a ethia,
ethea, aaaonoa. «Ai anae Eiaeee caa?e e ioeoeu ia iaoeo ia iioiaee.
Oieueei ia?aiae oaeie aea, eae o ian»,— aiai?eo ii, n?aaieaay i?e?iaeo
Eiaeee n ?iaeiie aio eoaeueyineie i?e?iaeie. Ia?ei Iiei ?anneacuaaao e i
oii, /oi ieoathony ethaee a Eiaeee ia oeaaii, a ?enii. E?ani/ii
iienuaaao ii ?aciua iau/ae aeeoaeae eiaeeeneie caiee.

A aua a eieaa Ia?ei Iiei iiaanoaoaony i ssiiiee, ssaa e Noiao?a,
Oeaeeiia, Iaaeaaanea?a e i iiiaeo ae?oaeo no?aiao, ianoiinoyo e
ino?iaao.

Ia?ei Iiei eo/oa, /ai eoi-eeai ec aai nia?aiaiieeia aa?iiaeoeaa,
i?aaenoaaeye naaa ea?oo Caiee. Ii ianeieueei aua aeaeaee io
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe auee iiiaea aai aaia?aoe/aneea i?aaenoaaeaiey! Naaa?
Acee eacaeny aio no?aiie aa/iie oueiu. «Ia naaa?a… anoue oaiiay
no?aia; ooo anaaaea oaiii, iao ie nieioea, ie eoiu, ie caacae; anaaaea
ooo oaiii, oae aea eae o ian a noia?ee». Iaiaei i?aa?aoiiai a ?anneacao
Ia?ei Iiei e i Ainoiea Acee. ssiiieth ii i?aaenoaaeye ino?iaii n
ianiaoiui eiee/anoaii cieioa: «Cieioa, neaaeo aai, o ieo aaeeeia
iaeeuea».

A naiii ia/aea naiaai iiaanoaiaaiey iooaoanoaaiiee cayaee: «Anyeee, eoi
yoo eieao i?i/oao eee auneooaao, iiaa?eo ae, iioiio /oi ana ooo
i?aaaea». Ii nia?aiaiieee ia iiaa?eee aaiaoeeaioeo. Aai ni/ee
?anneac/eeii anyeeo caiyoiuo auiuneia. Neaaeoao neacaoue, /oi a naia
iiaanoaiaaiea iooaoanoaaiiee aieaoae iiae/an oaioanoe/aneea i?aaeaiey,
eioi?ua aio i?eaaeinue oneuoaoue a aiaeu aeaeaeeo no?ainoaee. Oae, Ia?ei
Iiei ?anneacuaaao i a?eoa — ioeoea iaiaueiiaaiiie aaee/eiu e neeu,
eioi?ay aciuaaao a aicaeoo ni neiiii a eiaoyo, iioii a?inaao aai ia
caieth, e neii ?acaeaaaony, a a?eo «eethao aai, ae?ao e oieouaaaony ei».
Ciaoo yoiai iaiaueiiaaiiiai a?eoa, niiauaao iooaoanoaaiiee, ioeoeae ?oo.
Eae ooo ia aniiiieoue «Ouny/o e iaeio ii/ue»!

Ai?i/ai, niioa/anoaaiieee Ia?ei Iiei a oa a?aiaia iiaee iiaa?eoue yoie
eaaaiaea. Ia aaia?aoe/aneeo ea?oao n?aaeiaaaeiauey, ooeaeaaoeo aei iaoeo
aeiae, ia?eniaaiu ecia?aaeaiey noieue aea oaioanoe/aneeo ioeoe e caa?ae.
Caoi auiuneii eacaeenue ae?oaea, aiieia i?aaaeeaua ?anneacu
aaiaoeeaioea: i oii, /oi a Eeoaa ioaieeaatho aeeeeua «/a?iui eaiiai» e
iaiiue io yoiai eaiiy neeueiaa, /ai io ae?ia, /oi a Eiaeeeneii ieaaia
ii?aoiaeo ia iaeoe ia iaaa Iiey?ioth caacaeo, iioiio /oi a yoeo ianoao
iia ne?uaaaony ca ai?eciioii.

Ii oei a?aiy… Ae?oaea iooaoanoaaiieee i?eiineee iiaua naaaeaiey,
iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea ?anneacu aaiaoeeaioea i no?aiao, eioi?ua ii aeaeae
naieie aeacaie. Ii eieaa Ia?ei Iiei ea?oia?aou iaiineee ia ea?ou,
oiiiyiooua a iae caiee, ?aee, ai?iaea. A /a?ac aeaanoe eao iinea aa
iioaeeeiaaiey yoo eieao aieiaoaeueii, no?iea ca no?ieie, /eoae
ciaiaieoue aaioycneee ii?ye O?enoioi? Eieoia: nio?aieeny yecaiiey? eieae
ni naeaeaiiuie ei iiiaoeaie. Oaea ia eae nia?aiea neacie, a eae aa?iue
enoi/iee ciaiee i?iaeieaeaea naith aeeciue eieaa Ia?ei Iiei, iooaoanoaea
eioi?iai ieacaeinue iaeiei ec naiuo caia/aoaeueiuo a iiiaiaaeiaie
enoi?ee iiciaiey Caiee.

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