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Бетонная водосбросная плотина

Язык: русский
Формат: курсова
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Кафедра «Гидротехническое и энергетическое строительство»

Курсовая Работа

На тему: «Бетонная водосбросная плотина»

Минск 2009

Содержание

Содержание 2

1. Компоновка сооружений гидроузла 3

2. Гидравлические расчеты 4

2.1 Расчет пропускной способности сифонного водосброса 4

2.2 Расчет сопряжения бьефов 6

2.3 Определение длины крепления русла за водосбросной плотиной 8

3. Конструирование тела плотины и ее элементов 10

3.1 Определение глубины заложения и ширины подошвы плотины 10

3.2 Проектирование поперечного профиля плотины 10

3.3 Конструкция гравитационной плотины 10

3.4 Выбор схемы подземного контура плотины 11

3.5 Конструирование элементов подземного контура плотины 11

3.5.1 Понур 11

3.5.2 Шпунт 12

3.5.3 Дренажные устройства 12

3.6 Конструкция водобоя 12

3.7 Конструкция рисбермы 13

3.8 Конструкция быков 13

3.9 Конструкция береговых устоев 14

4. Расчет фильтрации в основании бетонной плотины 16

5. Расчеты плотины на устойчивость и прочность 19

5.1 Нагрузки и воздействия на плотину 19

5.2 Определение контактных напряжений 20

5.3 Расчет устойчивости плотины на сдвиг 22

5.4 Расчет прочности тела плотины методами сопротивления материалов 24

6. Соображения по пропуску строительных расходов 26

Литература 27

1. Компоновка сооружений гидроузла

Речные плотинные гидроузлы всегда носят индивидуальный характер. В связи
с разнообразием местных условий нет возможности при сооружении данного
гидроузла использовать какие-либо типовые проекты

В состав гидроузла входят земляная плотина из местных материалов и
бетонная гравитационная плотина с сифонным водосливом.

Створ плотины выбирается с учетом топографических условий таким образом,
чтобы плотина имела минимальную длину. Схема гидроузла должна быть,
возможно, более компактной, объем и стоимость работ по возведению
сооружений, а также эксплуатационные расходы должны быть, возможно,
наименьшими. При русловой компоновке водосливная плотина находится в
русле реки.

Грунт основания – песок мелкозернистый, грунт тела плотины – песок
среднезернистый.

Высота плотины Нпл=12,4, отметка верха быков – 190 м, максимальный напор
Н=8 м, отметка НПУ – 187 м, глубина воды в ВБ при НПУ – 9,4 м.

Заложение верхового откоса земляной плотины – 3, низового – 2,5. Ширина
гребня – 10 м.

2. Гидравлические расчеты

2.1 Расчет пропускной способности сифонного водосброса

Сифонный водосброс состоит из нескольких труб прямоугольного сечения,
объединенных в батареи. Гребни отдельных сифонов располагаются на разных
отметках с целью недопущения одновременного включения всей батареи при
пропуске небольших паводков.

Форма поперечного сечения трубы – прямоугольная, с размерами 2х5 м.
Радиус закругления оси горлового участка r0=4 м.

Пропускная способность сифонного водосброса определяется по формуле:

picscalex100010009000003930100000400170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a002400b1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb6ffffff000b0000560200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000700009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
a00173060500000013028401a40609000000fa0200002000000000000000220004000000
2d0101000500000014028c01a4060500000013023302eb06040000002d01000005000000
14023302f30605000000130252005107050000001402520051070500000013025200ea0a
17000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e2043797200cc87040000002d01020008000000320a20023b0a0100000030001700
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e2043797200cc87040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000320ac00169070100
0000320017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200cc87040000002d01020004000000f001030008000000320a
c001410802000000674808000000320ac0012e0001000000510017000000fb0220ff0000
000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc87
040000002d01030004000000f001020009000000320a2002cd0403000000e2fbf5001000
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01
020004000000f001030008000000320ac001cd02020000006d7710000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01030004000000f001
020008000000320ac0019f01010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc0400
00002d01020004000000f0010300030000000000

?вых=a·b=2·5=10 м2 – площадь выходного сечения трубы сифона;
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 – напор с учетом скорости
подхода;

Н=4 м – геометрический напор;
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 – коэффициент расхода;

picscalex100010009000003a80000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800200031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffaeffffffc00200002e0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000700010000000fb02c0fd0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320af901370001000000e50010000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320aa001de010100000078000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000
10000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc04000000
2d01000004000000f0010100030000000000 – сумма коэффициентов
сопротивления.

Суммарный коэффициент сопротивления слагается из:

1. Местное сопротивление на вход: ?вх=0,1

2. Местное сопротивление на плавное сужение: ?пс=kпс ?внс=0,24·0,3=0,072
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 kпс=0,24

3. Местное сопротивление на закругление: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 ?=90о k?=1 ?90=0,16

4. Сопротивление на трение по
длине:picscalex1000100090000036b0100000300170000000000050000000902000000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I участок: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picscalex100010009000003bf0100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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l1=4,4 м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II участок: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picscalex100010009000003bf0100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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l2=9,9 м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picscalex100010009000003a80000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400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0,438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Пропускная способность одной трубы: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Необходимое количество труб: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Ширина
водосбросаpicscalex100010009000003b6010000020017000000000005000000090200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скорость подхода
picscalex100010009000003420200000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c022004c01e1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbaffffff801e0000da0300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
00021c0305000000130200025d0d10000000fb0205fee300000000009001000000020002
001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010008000000320a890323110100000028001000
0000fb0205fee300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01
020004000000f001010008000000320a890348180100000029000500000014020002ee0e
0500000013020002ba1817000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccd1040000002d01010004000000f0010200
08000000320a6002c21d01000000f10008000000320a6002fb1b01000000ec0009000000
320a8b037f0a03000000e4ede00009000000320a8b03ce0403000000cdcfd30008000000
320a8b03420301000000420008000000320a6c01f80601000000510008000000320a6002
160001000000560017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccd1040000002d01020004000000f00101000800
0000320acc01120802000000d0cf17000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccd1040000002d01010004000000
f001020008000000320a6002231d010000002f0008000000320a60021d1b010000003200
08000000320a6002b71a010000002c0008000000320a60021b1a01000000310008000000
320a8b037c1701000000360008000000320a8b031c17010000002c0009000000320a8b03
dc14030000003137370009000000320a8b037111030000003138370008000000320a8b03
fc0e02000000333309000000320a7001b412030000003337300008000000320a8b03cb0c
01000000290008000000320a8b03380401000000280017000000fb0220ff000000000000
9001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccd104000000
2d01020004000000f001010008000000320ac002fc0001000000300010000000fb0280fe
0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000
f001020008000000320a60021d19010000003d0008000000320a8b03f313010000002d00
08000000320a8b039a1001000000d70008000000320a6002c00d010000003d0008000000
320a8b036b0901000000d10008000000320a8b036408010000002d0008000000320a6002
ee01010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000
070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000
f0010100030000000000

picscalex100010009000003f60100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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Пропускная способность одной трубы с учетом скорости подхода:
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Пропускная способность всего водосброса:

picscalex1000100090000034d0200000400170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800200231200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb6ffffffc0220000360200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
8c019b090500000013027001cc0909000000fa0200002000000000000000220004000000
2d0101000500000014027801cc090500000013021202130a040000002d01000005000000
140212021b0a0500000013025200790a0500000014025200790a0500000013025200cf10
17000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e2043797200cc00040000002d01020008000000320ac001ff2101000000f1000800
0000320ac001901f01000000ec0008000000320ac0013c1901000000510008000000320a
c0011b1701000000f10008000000320ac001ac1401000000ec0008000000320ac0012e00
01000000510017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc00040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000
320a2002561a02000000d0cf17000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc04020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc00040000002d01020004000000f001
030008000000320ac0016021010000002f0009000000320ac001321d0300000033373000
08000000320ac0017c16010000002f0009000000320ac0014e1203000000333734000800
0000320ac0011f1001000000310008000000320ac001e30f010000002c0008000000320a
c001290f01000000340008000000320ac0010d0d02000000383108000000320ac001b90c
010000002c0008000000320ac001ff0b01000000390008000000320ac001910a01000000
320008000000320ac001070802000000313009000000320ac00137050300000038333400
08000000320ac001e304010000002c0008000000320ac001290401000000300008000000
320ac001bb0201000000350017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc04020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc00040000002d01030004000000f001
020008000000320a1401992001000000330008000000320a1401b5150100000033001000
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01
020004000000f001030008000000320ac001161c010000003d0008000000320ac0012018
010000003e0008000000320ac0013211010000003d0008000000320ac001990e01000000
d70008000000320ac0017b0b01000000d70008000000320ac001a10701000000d7000800
0000320ac0019f0301000000d70008000000320ac0019f01010000003d000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01030004000000f0010200030000000000

Проверка пропуска максимального катастрофического расхода воды через
водосброс производится по условию:
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Окончательно принимаемое количество труб n=6.

picscalex1000100090000035d0200000400170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800240251200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb6ffffff00250000360200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
8c01f6090500000013027001270a09000000fa0200002000000000000000220004000000
2d0101000500000014027801270a05000000130212026e0a040000002d01000005000000
14021202760a0500000013025200d40a0500000014025200d40a05000000130252005a11
17000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01020008000000320ac0013f2401000000f1000800
0000320ac001b12101000000ec0008000000320ac001321b01000000510008000000320a
c001f21801000000f10008000000320ac001641601000000ec0008000000320ac0012e00
01000000510017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000
320a2002521c02000000d0cf17000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc04020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01020004000000f001
030008000000320ac0019723010000002f0009000000320ac001531f0300000033373000
08000000320ac0014a18010000002f0008000000320ac0018c1501000000380008000000
320ac0013815010000002c0009000000320ac0010413030000003434380008000000320a
c001aa1001000000310008000000320ac0016e10010000002c0008000000320ac001b40f
01000000340008000000320ac001800d02000000383108000000320ac0012c0d01000000
2c0008000000320ac001720c01000000390008000000320ac001ec0a0100000032000800
0000320ac001620802000000313009000000320ac0017a05030000003833340008000000
320ac0012605010000002c0008000000320ac0016c0401000000300008000000320ac001
e00201000000360017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01030004000000f00102000800
0000320a1401c12201000000330008000000320a1401741701000000330010000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0102000400
0000f001030008000000320ac001271e010000003d0008000000320ac001061a01000000
3e0008000000320ac001cc11010000003d0008000000320ac001180f01000000d7000800
0000320ac001e20b01000000d70008000000320ac001f00701000000d70008000000320a
c001d60301000000d70008000000320ac001ae01010000003d000a00000026060f000a00
ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379
7374656d00cc040000002d01030004000000f0010200030000000000

picscalex100010009000003670200000400170000000000050000000902000000000400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Таким образом, необходимая пропускная способность сифонного водосброса
обеспечена.

Для установления величины вакуума в горловом сечении и сравнивания его с
допустимым значением производится определение давлений в сифоне.

Вакуум на оси трубы в горле сифона при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:
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2.2 Расчет сопряжения бьефов

Уровень в ВБ равен НПУ, а УНБ определяется по кривой связи Q=f(h).

При включении всей батареи в НБ сбрасывается 448,8 м3/с. Глубина в НБ в
этом случае равна 5,1 м

Глубина воды в сжатом сечении находится по зависмости:
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?=0,95 – коэффициент скорости;

р=9,4 м – высота водослива;

Вс=40 м – ширина потока в сжатом сечении;

Для определения глубины воды в сжатом сечении требуется решить это
уравнение методом последовательных приближений.

Q м3/сhc, мhкр, мh”, мhНБ, мh”-hНБ, м448,80,752,345,55,10,4

h”-hНБ=0,4 м – отогнанный гидравлический прыжок. Для того, что бы бьефы
сопрягались в форме затопленного гидравлического прыжка, требуется
искусственно затопить его при помощи гасителей энергии.

Расчет водобойной стенки:

Длина водобоя: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.

Для лучшего гашения избыточной кинетической энергии потока, ширина
водобоя по течению увеличивается. Угол отклонения береговых устоев от
оси водобоя составляет 11о.

Ширина водобоя около водобойной стенки: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Скорость подхода для водобойной стенки: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Напор на гребне водобойной стенки:
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Высота водобойной стенки в первом приближении:
dв.ст.=h”-H’=5,5–3,07=2,43 м.

Уточняется коэффициент расхода:
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Высота подтопления hп= hНБ –dв.ст.=5,1–2,43=2,67 м, коэффициент
подтопления: ?п=0,9

Напор на гребне водобойной стенки во втором приближении:
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Высота водобойной стенки во втором приближении:
dв.ст.=h”-H”=5,5–3,2=2,3 м.

При расчете водобойной стенки требуется выяснить условие сопряжения
бьефов за ней.

Глубина воды в сжатом сечении находится по зависимости: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 hc=1,3 м.

Критическая глубина: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.

Вторая сопряженная глубина:
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 – прыжок затоплен.

2.3 Определение длины крепления русла за водосбросной плотиной

Во избежание разрушения дна русла за плотиной, дно и берега русла
покрываются специальным креплением, которое состоит из водобоя и
рисбермы.

Общая длина крепления при сопряжении бьефов в донном режиме определяется
по формуле:
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Длина рисбермы: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Ширина рисбермы: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За горизонтальным участком рисбермы для защиты ее от подмыва
устраивается концевое крепление в виде ковша. Глубина ковша
отсчитывается от уровня воды в НБ при пропуске расчетного расхода и
определяется по зависимости:
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picscalex100010009000003af0100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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 – удельный расход;

V01=2 м/с – допускаемая неразмывающая скорость для засыпки ковша (галька
крупностью 30/100 мм);

?=1,2 – коэффициент неравномерности распределения удельного расхода;

kр=1,1 – коэффициент, зависящий от условий схода потока с рисбермы.

3. Конструирование тела плотины и ее элементов

3.1 Определение глубины заложения и ширины подошвы плотины

Для надежного сопряжения плотины с основанием и предотвращения
контактной фильтрации подошва плотины выполняется с верховым и низовым
подплотинными зубьями. Глубина зубьев – 3,6 м. Ширина зуба по низу –
4 м. Ширина подошвы плотины определяется по зависимости:

bn=(1,75/2) Z=2·8=16 м Z – разность уровней в ВБ и НБ.

3.2 Проектирование поперечного профиля плотины

Поперечный профиль плотины состоит из следующих элементов:

1. Вертикальной напорной грани с консолью;

2. Криволинейного участка (дуга окружности радиусом r1=3 м);

3. Прямолинейного участка;

4. Дуги окружности, описанной радиусом R и сопрягающей поверхность
водобоя с прямолинейным участком.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3.3 Конструкция гравитационной плотины

Во избежание появления трещин при температурных деформациях или при
неравномерной осадке плотина разрезается на отдельные секции по оси
быков.

Для предотвращения фильтрации воды через тело плотины вдоль ее напорной
грани устраивается дренаж в виде системы вертикальных дрен круглого
сечения, которые располагаются на расстоянии
picscalex100010009000003870100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024004a0101200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb6ffffff60100000f60300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000f00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
000256060500000013020002ad0805000000140200023f0a0500000013020002e70b1700
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e2043797200cc81040000002d01010008000000320a60026b0f01000000ec0008000000
320a8b037c0601000000490008000000320a7001240701000000680008000000320a6002
e00301000000ec0008000000320a60022e0001000000620017000000fb0220ff00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc810400
00002d01020004000000f001010009000000320aeb031a0703000000e4eeef0008000000
320ac002e30001000000e40017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc04020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320a60028d0e01000000340008000000320a6002270e010000002c000800
0000320a60026d0d01000000300008000000320a8b03590a02000000323008000000320a
7001b30a01000000380008000000320a6002020301000000320010000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001
010008000000320a60024a0c010000003d0008000000320a60021009010000003d000800
0000320a6002270501000000b30008000000320a6002d901010000003d000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000. Дрены
имеют диаметр 20 см и располагаются с шагом 2 м.

Для отвода дренажной воды, контроля за работой дрен и состоянием бетона
плотины, прокладки коммуникаций, установки конторольно-измерительной
аппаратуры, проведения цементации швов, а также
ремонтно-восстановительных работ устраиваются продольную галерею. Она
располагается выше меженного уровня воды в НБ для обеспечения
самотечного отвода воды. Ширина галереи – 2 м, высота – 3 м.

Пол галереи – с уклоном 1/50 в сторону водосбросного кювета, который
устраивается у стены галереи.

3.4 Выбор схемы подземного контура плотины

Так как плотина располагается на песчаных грунтах бесконечной мощности,
то подземный контур состоит из понура, висячего шпунта и дренажа под
телом плотины.

3.5 Конструирование элементов подземного контура плотины

3.5.1 Понур

Понур – водонепроницаемое покрытие в ВБ, которое устраивается для
удлинения путей фильтрации. Анкерный понур помимо основного назначения
повышает устойчивость плотины.

Длина понура устанавливается в соответствии с расчетом фильтрационной
прочности грунта основания и устойчивости плотины. Предварительно длина
понура назначается равной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. Z=8 м – разность отметок НПУ и минимального уровня НБ.

Понур устраивается из жирной и пластичной глины, укладываемой слоями
толщиной 10/25 см с последующим уплотнением. Толщина понура в начальном
сечении – 0,6 м, в месте примыкания понура к телу плотины – 2 м.

Сверху глиняный понур пригружается защитным слоем грунта толщиной 1,5 м,
который предохраняется от размыва креплением в виде бетонных плит.

3.5.2 Шпунт

Шпунт – вертикальная противофильтрационная преграда, которая является
гасителем напора фильтрационного потока. Шпунт располагается со стороны
напорной грани плотины, в ее верховом зубе. Глубина забивки шпунта
picscalex100010009000003860100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c022002e00f1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffffa00f0000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0205fee300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a7e01960201000000280010000000fb0205fee3000000
00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320a7e01b20701000000290017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc
0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cca3040000002d0100000400
0000f001010008000000320a8001b60e01000000ec0008000000320a8001220801000000
5a0008000000320a80013a0001000000640017000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000
00cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cca3040000002d010100
04000000f001000008000000320a8001de0d01000000380008000000320a8001bd0b0100
0000380008000000320a8001730a01000000310008000000320a8001ec06010000003500
08000000320a80019206010000002c0008000000320a8001f60501000000310008000000
320a80011c0401000000350008000000320a8001c203010000002c0008000000320a8001
080301000000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a8001c80c010000003d00
08000000320a80013f0b01000000d70008000000320a80017509010000003d0008000000
320a8001120501000000b80008000000320a80017501010000003d000a00000026060f00
0a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222
53797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000.

3.5.3 Дренажные устройства

Горизонтальный дренаж выполняется из крупнозернистого материала (щебня),
защищенного обратным фильтром. Обратный фильтр устраивается из 2х слоев
несвязных грунтов различной крупности (песок крупнозернистый и щебень).
Толщина каждого слоя – 40 см.

3.6 Конструкция водобоя

Водобой выполняется в виде массивной железобетонной плиты,
заканчивающейся зубом. Для интенсификации гашения кинетической энергии
потока в пределах водобоя располагается водобойная стенка. Ширина
водобоя по течению увеличивается, что способствует лучшему гашению
избыточной кинетической энергии потока. Угол отклонения береговых устоев
от оси водобоя составляет 11о.

Толщина водобойной плиты определяется из условия ее устойчивости и
прочности: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Vс=Q/(Bc·hc)= 448,8/(40·0,75)=15 м/с – скорость течения в сжатом
сечении;

hc=0,75 м – глубина в сжатом сечении.

Для снятия фильтрационного давления на водобойную плиту под ней
устраивают плоский дренаж с обратным фильтром. Профильтровавшаяся вода
через дренажные колодцы отводится в НБ. Дренажные колодцы имеют диаметр
1 м и располагаются в шахматном порядке через 5 м в ряду с расстоянием
между рядами 5 м.

Плиту водобоя отделяют конструктивным швом от тела плотины. В свою
очередь, водобойная плита разрезается вдоль течения продольными
вертикальными температурно-осадочными швами, которые совпадают с осями
быков.

3.7 Конструкция рисбермы

Конструкция рисбермы гибкая, при возможных деформациях русла сохраняет
свою прочность. Рисберма выполняется из сборных железобетонных плит
толщиной 0,5 м и проницаема для фильтрационного потока выходящего в НБ.
Плиты с размерами 3х4 м укладываются в шахматном порядке, длинной
стороной по течению.

Концевой участок рисбермы выполняется в виде предохранительного ковша с
заложением верхового откоса 1:4. Ковш загружается галькой крупностью
30/100 мм.

В пределах рисбермы подводная часть берегового откоса крепится
аналогично самой рисберме.

3.8 Конструкция быков

Толщина быков (перегородок между трубами) – 2 м. Отметка верха быков
назначается с учетом отметки гребня глухой плотины, наличия мостового
перехода и его габаритов по высоте. Исходя из этих условий, высота быка
принимается на 2 м выше ФПУ.

Длина быка назначается из условия размещения транспортного моста. Ширина
проезжей части моста определяется его габаритом и шириной тротуаров.
Габарит моста Г8, ширина проезжей части – 6 м, ширина тротуаров
2х0,75 м, ширина полос безопасности 2х1,0 м.

С учетом выше сказанного длина быка Lб=10 м.

3.9 Конструкция береговых устоев

Лицевая грань устоев в пределах водослива делается аналогичной граням
быков.

Береговой устой состоит из трех частей: вертикальной продольной стенки,
параллельной быкам на всю длину водослива; верховой и низовой
сопрягающих стенок.

Продольная вертикальная стенка объединяется с водосливной частью плотины
в единую конструкцию. Отметка гребня вертикальной продольной стенки
равна отметке верха быка.

Верховой и низовой открылки выполняются в виде уголковых подпорных стен.
Продольная стенка отрезается от открылков конструктивными швами, которые
в свою очередь разрезаются температурно-осадочными швами на секции
длиной 10 м. Водонепроницаемость швов обеспечена при помощи
гидроизоляционных шпонок. Верховые и низовые открылки расширяются в
плане под углом 11о. Толщина открылков по верху – 0,5 м.

4. Расчет фильтрации в основании бетонной плотины

Фильтрация под плотиной является напорной.

На подошву плотины действуют взвешивающее и фильтрационное давление.
Суммарное давление (противодавление) на подошву плотины вычисляется по
формуле:
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picscalex1000100090000037e0100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400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picscalex1000100090000038e0100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400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? – удельный вес воды;

l=1 м – длина расчетной секции плотины;

Sвз, Sф – площадь эпюры взвешивающего и фильтрационного давления,
соответственно;

?2 – коэффициент эффективной площади противодавления.

Фильтрационный расчет подземного контура плотин на нескальном основании
выполняется по методу коэффициентов сопротивлений. Подземный контур
приводится к расчетной схеме путем исключения различного рода деталей,
существенно не влияющих на результаты расчета. Расчет выполняется на 1
погонный метр плотины.

Глубина активной зоны фильтрации определяется по зависимости:
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 – при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l0 – длина горизонтальной проекции подземного контура;

S0 – длина вертикальной проекции подземного контура.

Так как Тд= ? > Т’ак=15,78 м, то Т’рас = Т’ак=15,78 м.

Схематизированный подземный контур разбивается на ряд участков, для
которых вычисляются коэффициенты сопротивления.

1. Плоский вход и уступ.
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2. Горизонтальный участок 1.
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3. Уступ.
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4. Горизонтальный участок 2.

Т. к.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, то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5. Шпунт.

picscalex100010009000003320300000400170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02000820231200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb7ffffffe0220000b70700000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000d00109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
00043b080500000013020004530909000000fa0200000800000000000000220004000000
2d0101000500000014024102170e05000000130241022f0f050000001402eb055d0f0500
00001302eb057510040000002d0100000500000014020004c10a05000000130200049510
0500000014020004d31305000000130200045916040000002d010100050000001402ff01
1d1b050000001302ff01a31d050000001402eb05631c050000001302eb05e91e04000000
2d0100000500000014020004c7170500000013020004091f17000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccac0400
00002d01020008000000320a6004662102000000363308000000320a6004062101000000
2c0008000000320a60046a2001000000310008000000320a7607211e0100000038000800
0000320a7607cd1d010000002c0008000000320a7607531c02000000313208000000320a
5b05461d01000000380008000000320a4b06bc1a02000000373508000000320a4b065c1a
010000002c0008000000320a4b06a21901000000300008000000320a4b06b71701000000
310008000000320a8a03db1c01000000380008000000320a8a03871c010000002c000800
0000320a8a030d1b02000000313208000000320a6f01001c01000000380008000000320a
5f02361a01000000350008000000320a5f02dc19010000002c0008000000320a5f022219
01000000300008000000320a8b05911501000000380008000000320a8b053d1501000000
2c0008000000320a8b05c31302000000313208000000320a7003b6140100000038000800
0000320a6004ec1201000000350008000000320a60049212010000002c0008000000320a
6004f61101000000310008000000320a4b06b60d02000000373508000000320a4b06560d
010000002c0008000000320a4b069c0c01000000300008000000320a4b06b10a01000000
310008000000320aa102300d01000000350008000000320aa102d60c010000002c000800
0000320aa1021c0c01000000300008000000320a6004540701000000350008000000320a
6004fa06010000002c0008000000320a60045e0601000000310017000000fb0220ff0000
000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccac
040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000320ac004f10001000000350010000000
fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010200
04000000f001030008000000320a60046c1f010000003d0008000000320a4b0695180100
00002d0008000000320a6004a716010000002b0008000000320a6004f810010000003d00
08000000320a4b068f0b010000002d0008000000320a6004a109010000002b0008000000
320a60046005010000003d0008000000320a6004e001010000003d0017000000fb0280fe
0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200
ccac040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000320a76075f0f0100000054000800
0000320a5b05810f01000000530008000000320acc03190e01000000540008000000320a
b1013b0e01000000530008000000320a8b053d0801000000540008000000320a70035f08
01000000530017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccac040000002d01020004000000f001030008000000
320ac004c20302000000f8ef10000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100000200020010
53796d626f6c0002040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000320a6004ea020100
0000780008000000320a60041c000100000078000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100
0000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc
040000002d01020004000000f0010300030000000000

6. Горизонтальный участок 3.

Т. к.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, то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7. Уступ и плоский выход.
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Сумма коэффициентов сопротивления всех участков контура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Потеря напора на каждом участке контура определяется по зависимости:
picscalex100010009000003350100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02600400081200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
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0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200
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e403e20301000000e5000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02
1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0101000400
0000f0010200030000000000, а каждая следующая ордината эпюры
фильтрационного давления определяется путем вычитания из предыдущей
ординаты потерь напора на рассматриваемом участке.

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0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a6002860a010000003d000800
0000320a6002cf02010000003d0008000000320a60023a000100000044000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000
picscalex1000100090000037d0100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02400200131200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffffc0120000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200cccc040000002d01000008000000320a8001be1101000000
ec0008000000320a80019b0601000000680008000000320a80010d030100000068000800
0000320a80013a0001000000680017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cccc040000002d01010004000000
f001000008000000320a8001e01001000000300008000000320a8001e70d020000003637
08000000320a8001870d010000002c0008000000320a8001eb0c01000000310008000000
320a8001400a02000000363708000000320a8001e009010000002c0008000000320a8001
440901000000310017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cccc040000002d01000004000000f00101000800
0000320ae001500701000000370008000000320ae001c20301000000360008000000320a
e001ef0001000000370010000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002000200105379
6d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a8001be0f01000000
3d0008000000320a8001020c010000002d0008000000320a80014608010000003d000800
0000320a8001b20501000000440008000000320a80019f04010000002d0008000000320a
8001e501010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02
1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0100000400
0000f0010100030000000000

Фильтрационная прочность грунта будет обеспеченна при выполнении условия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.

Контролирующий градиент: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.

Допустимый градиент: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.

5. Расчеты плотины на устойчивость и прочность

5.1 Нагрузки и воздействия на плотину

В основное сочетание нагрузок входят: собственный вес плотины с учетом
веса находящихся на ней постоянных устройств, гидростатическое,
фильтрационное и волновое давления воды, активное давление грунта и
давление наносов со стороны ВБ.

Нагрузки определяются для выделенной расчетной секции. Длина расчетной
секции равна 1 м.

Собственный вес плотины находится путем разбивки поперечного профиля
плотины на ряд элементов правильной формы, определения их объема и
умножения на удельный вес бетона. Аналогично определяется пригрузка воды
и грунта.

Гидростатическое давление воды определяется обычными методами
гидравлики. Так сила гидростатического давления со стороны ВБ равна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;

Со стороны НБ –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.

Для определения волнового давления необходимо знать расчетную высоту
волны h в ВБ.

Высота волны 1%-й обеспеченности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. k1%=2,1
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 – средняя высота волны, которая зависит от
безразмерных величин gt/Vw и gL/ Vw2.

Vw=19 м/с – расчетная скорость ветра на высоте 10 м над уровнем водоема.

L=6000 м – длина разгона волны.
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picscalex1000100090000035e0100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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picscalex100010009000003880100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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picscalex1000100090000037e0100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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picscalex1000100090000035d0100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024002a00d1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffff600d0000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01000008000000320a8001620c01000000
ec0008000000320a80013a0001000000680017000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000
00cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d010100
04000000f001000008000000320a8001d00a02000000353308000000320a8001760a0100
00002c0008000000320a8001da0901000000310008000000320a8001e907010000003100
08000000320a8001ad07010000002c0008000000320a8001f30601000000320008000000
320a8001c50402000000373308000000320a80016504010000002c0008000000320a8001
ab0301000000300017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01000004000000f00101000800
0000320ae0014a0101000000250008000000320ae001da0001000000310010000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0101000400
0000f001000008000000320a8001dc08010000003d0008000000320a8001630601000000
d70008000000320a80018902010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc0400
00002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000

Сила волнового давления равна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Активное давление грунта (гор. составляющая):
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Давление наносов со стороны ВБ:
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Сила взвешивающего
давления:picscalex1000100090000037e0100000200170000000000050000000902000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.

Сила фильтрационного
давления:picscalex1000100090000038e0100000200170000000000050000000902000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.

В соответствии со СНиП 2.06.06–85 коэффициенты надежности по нагрузке
принимаются равными единице, следовательно, расчетные нагрузки будут
нормативными.

5.2 Определение контактных напряжений

Определение нормальных напряжений на контакте бетонная плотина –
основание необходимо для расчета прочности сооружения, а также оценки
несущей способности основания.

Расчет удобно выполнять в табличной форме.

Наименование силБуквенное обозначениеРасчетные формулыВеличина силы,
кНПлечо, мМомент относительно т. О, кН·мСобственный вес
плотиныР10,5*10*7,4*1*24888-1-888Р20,5*7,4х5*1*24444-4,3-1909,2Р310*4*1*
24960-1-960Р40,5*2*3*1*2472-6,7-482,4Р52*2*1*2496-7-672Р61*2*1*2448-5-24
0Р70,5*1*1*1*2412-3,7-44,4Р80,5*1*1*1*24123,744,4Р94*3,6*1*24345,662073,
6Р100,5*2*1,4*1*2433,64,5151,2Пригрузка воды в
ВБGВБ0,5*(11+8)*2*1*9,81186,39-7-1304,73Пригрузка воды в
НБGНБ0,5*4*1,4*1*9,8127,4686,7184,0356Пригрузка
грунтаGгр0,5*1*1,6*1*2,66 (1–0,4)1,2768-7,7-9,83136Сумма3126,3348Сила
взвешивающего давленияWвз(4*16+1*9)*1*9,81716,1300Сила фильтрационного
давленияWф(2*5,37+3 *1,67)*1*9,81154,5075-6,2-957,9465Сумма870,6375Сила
гидростат. давления со стороны ВБW10,5*132*1*9,81828,94,43647,358Сила
волнового давленияWв0,5*9,8*0,9*1*9,8143,262111,4493,18794Сила активного
давления грунтаЕа0,5*15,7* 3,62*tg2(45–30/2)*133,911,240,692Давление
наносовЕнpicscalex750100090000037d01000002001700000000000500000009020000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Сумма909,1Сила гидростат. давления
со стороны НБW20,5*52*1*9,81122,6-1,6-196,2Сумма122,625Сумма М-1018,2343

Нормальные напряжения в основании плотины определяются по формуле
внецентренного
сжатия:picscalex10001000900000331010000030017000000000005000000090200000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.

N=2255,7 кН – равнодействующая всех вертикальных сил;

F=bL=16?1=16 м2 – площадь подошвы секции плотины;

?М=-1018,2343 кН?м – суммарный момент всех сил относительно точки О;
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 – момент
сопротивления подошвы секции плотины.
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 > 0;
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picscalex100010009000003450100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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nс=1 – коэффициент сочетания нагрузок;

m=1 – коэффициент условий работы;

kн=1,1 – коэффициент надежности (IV класс капитальности);

R0=270 кПа – расчетное сопротивление грунта основания плотины.

picscalex100010009000003590100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02200480111200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb6ffffff40110000d60300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
00026a080500000013020002e20917000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01010009000000
320a6002bb0e03000000eacfe00017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01020004000000
f001010008000000320a6002fb0d01000000350008000000320a6002a10d010000002c00
09000000320a60026d0b030000003234350008000000320a8b0332090100000031000800
0000320a8b03f608010000002c0008000000320a8b035a0801000000310008000000320a
7001c60801000000310009000000320a6002fd05030000003237300008000000320a6002
d00301000000380008000000320a60027c03010000002c0009000000320a600242010300
00003136340008000000320a6002100001000000310010000000fb0280fe000000000000
9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00102000800
0000320a6002450a010000003d0008000000320a6002d504010000003c0008000000320a
6002dc0001000000d7000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02
1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0102000400
0000f0010100030000000000

Коэффициент неравномерности нагрузок:
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5.3 Расчет устойчивости плотины на сдвиг

Для оснований сложенных глинистыми грунтами расчет по схеме плоского
сдвига можно выполнять при выполнении
условия:picscalex100010009000003bf01000003001700000000000500000009020000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?max – максимальное нормальное напряжение в основании плотины;

b – ширина плотины по основанию;

?вз – удельный вес грунта основания во взвешенном состоянии;

Б – безразмерный критерий, принимаемый равным 3 для всех грунтов кроме
плотных песков.

За расчетную поверхность сдвига принимается плоскость, проходящая по
подошвам зубьев.

Определение нагрузок и воздействий на расчетную секцию плотины удобно
вести в табличной форме.

Наименование силБуквенное обозначениеРасчетные формулыВеличина силы,
кНСобственный вес
плотиныР10,5*10*7,4*1*24888Р20,5*7,4х5*1*24444Р310*4*1*24960Р40,5*2*3*1*
2472Р52*2*1*2496Р61*2*1*2448Р70,5*1*1*1*2412Р80,5*1*1*1*2412Р94*3,6*1*24
345,6Р100,5*2*1,4*1*2433,6Пригрузка воды в
ВБGВБ0,5*(11+8)*2*1*9,81186,39Пригрузка воды в
НБGНБ0,5*4*1,4*1*9,8127,468Пригрузка грунтаGгр0,5*1*1,6*1*2,66
(1–0,4)1,2768Сумма3126,3348Сила взвешивающего
давленияWвз(4*16+1*9)*1*9,81716,13Сила фильтрационного
давленияWф(2*5,37+3 *1,67)*1*9,81154,5075Сумма870,6375Сила гидростат.
давления со стороны ВБW10,5*132*1*9,81828,945Сила волнового
давленияWв0,5*9,8*0,9*1*9,8143,2621Сила активного давления
грунтаЕа0,5*15,7* 3,62*tg2(45–30/2)*133,91Давление
наносовЕнpicscalex750100090000037d01000002001700000000000500000009020000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Сумма909,1Сила гидростат. давления со
стороны НБW20,5*52*1*9,81122,63Сумма горизонтальных сил786,5

При выполнении условия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плотина будет устойчива на сдвиг.

nс=1 – коэффициент сочетания нагрузок;

kн=1,1 – коэффициент надежности;

m=1 – коэффициент условий работы;

Nр=786,5 кН – расчетное значение сдвигающей силы;

picscalex100010009000003330200000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02200280271200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffff40270000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0205fee300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a7e01ae0201000000280010000000fb0205fee3000000
00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320a7e01350901000000290010000000fb0205fee30000000000900100000002
0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a7e01
2e1101000000280010000000fb0205fee300000000009001000000020002001053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a7e01f719010000002900
17000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a80013725
02000000eacd08000000320a8001091b02000000746708000000320a8001a20e01000000
d10008000000320a8001470a02000000746708000000320a800127070200000057ef0800
0000320a8001040401000000500008000000320a8001460001000000520017000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e204379
7200cc81040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80017724010000003500
08000000320a80011e24010000002c0009000000320a8001252104000000313537390800
0000320a8001171f01000000300008000000320a80014d1c0200000033350a000000320a
80018c16050000003837302c360008000000320a8001e415010000002d000a000000320a
80019a1106000000333132362c3310000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002
001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a80012720
010000003d0008000000320a8001031e010000002b0008000000320a8001851a01000000
d70008000000320a80010d10010000003d0008000000320a80019e0c010000002b000800
0000320a8001c30901000000d70008000000320a8001430601000000530008000000320a
80013605010000002d0008000000320a8001200301000000530008000000320a80018d01
010000003d0010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c
0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80019a0d0100000077000800
0000320a8001730b0100000066000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001000
0000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01
000004000000f0010100030000000000 – расчетное значение силы предельного
сопротивления при сдвиге;
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Устойчивость на сдвиг обеспечена.

5.4 Расчет прочности тела плотины методами сопротивления материалов

Расчет прочности материала тела плотины выполняется для эксплутационного
случая при основном сочетании нагрузок. Расчетное сечение II–II проходит
в месте ослабления профиля продольной галереей.

Все силы и нагрузки действующие на плотину сводятся в таблицу.

Наименование силБуквенное обозначениеРасчетные формулыВеличина силы,
кНПлечо, мМомент относительно т. О1, кН·мСобственный вес
плотиныР10,5*10*7,4*1*2488800Р20,5*7,4х5*1*24444-3,3-1465,2Сумма1332Сила
гидростат давления со стороны ВБW’10,5*82*1*9,81313,92,7847,53Сила
волнового давленияWв0,5*9,8*0,9*1*9,8143,36,4277,12Сумма357,2Сумма
М-340,55

Нормальные напряжения в расчетном сечении определяются по формуле
внецентренного
сжатия:picscalex10001000900000331010000030017000000000005000000090200000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.

N=1332 кН – равнодействующая всех вертикальных сил;

F=(10–2)?1=8 м2 – площадь сечения расчетной секции плотины;

?М=-340,55 кН?м – суммарный момент всех сил относительно точки О1;
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 – момент
сопротивления расчетного сечения.
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Главные нормальные напряжения, действующие по площадкам, нормальным к
граням плотины, определяются по зависимостям:

На напорной грани плотины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> 0;

На низовой грани
плотиныpicscalex10001000900000350020000020017000000000005000000090200000
0000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000
000050000000b0200000000050000000c026002001b1200000026060f001a00ffffffff0
00010000000c0ffffffb7ffffffc01a0000170200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685
47970650000600010000000fb0297fde300000000009001000000020002001053796d626
f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a9f01390601000000280010000000fb0297fde
300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f
001000008000000320a9f014c0a01000000290010000000fb0297fde3000000000090010
00000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f0010100080000003
20a9f01070f01000000280010000000fb0297fde30000000000900100000002000200105
3796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a9f01db1301000
000290017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657
720526f6d616e2043797200cce5040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320aa
001351803000000eacfe00008000000320aa0016e08010000006d0008000000320aa0014
c00010000004e0017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d657
3204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cce5040000002d01010004000000f001000008000
000320aa001751701000000350008000000320aa0011b17010000002c0008000000320aa
001a11502000000373408000000320aa001501201000000370008000000320aa001f0110
10000002c0008000000320aa001361101000000300008000000320aa001440f010000003
10008000000320aa001640e01000000310008000000320aa001280e010000002c0009000
000320aa001ee0b030000003134360008000000320aa001760601000000310017000000f
b0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e204
3797200cce5040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320af4002b13010000003
20008000000320af4009c0901000000320008000000320a0002860901000000320009000
000320a00027f04030000006d61780008000000320af400ae01010000002700080000003
20af400880101000000270008000000320a0002520101000000310010000000fb0280fe0
000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f
001000008000000320aa0017e14010000003d0008000000320aa0012210010000002b000
8000000320aa001ef0a010000003d0008000000320aa0015407010000002b00080000003
20aa0015302010000003d0010000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000002000200105
3796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320aa0015e0301000
00073000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000
000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000
30000000000.
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,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 –
нормальные напряжения, соответственно, на напорной и низовой гранях
плотины.

m1, m2 – заложения напорной и низовой граней плотины, соответственно.

у=8 м – заглубление расчетного сечения под НПУ;

?=9,81 кН/м3 – удельный вес воды.
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Прочность в расчетном сечении обеспечена.

nс=1 – коэффициент сочетания нагрузок;

kн=1,15 – коэффициент надежности;

m=0,9 – коэффициент условий работы бетона;

Rпр=8,5 МПа=850 кПа – расчетное сопротивление бетона на осевое сжатие.

6. Соображения по пропуску строительных расходов

Пропуск строительных расходов осуществляется без отвода реки из ее
бытового русла. Строительство гидроузла ведется в 2 очереди:

1. Под защитой строительной перемычки 1й очереди сифонный водосброс.
Пропуск строительных расходов осуществляется через левый рукав реки.

2. Под защитой строительной перемычки 2й очереди отсыпается грунтовая
плотина. Пропуск строительных расходов осуществляется через трубы
уложенные в левом рукаве реки.

3. После возведения сифонного водосброса и грунтовой плотины трубы
забиваются бетонной пробкой.

Литература

1. Методическое пособие к курсовому проекту «Бетонная водосбросная
плотина» для студентов специальности Т.29.04 – «Гидротехническое
строительство» Г.Г. Круглов. Минск 1994.

2. Гидравлические расчеты водосбросных гидротехнических сооружений:
Справочное пособие / Под ред. Д.Д. Лаппо. – М.: Энергоатомиздат, 1988.
–432 с.

3. СНиП 2.06.04 – 82. Нагрузки и воздействия на гидротехнические
сооружения (волновые, ледовые и от судов). – М.: Стройиздат, 1982.
–40 с.

4. СНиП 2.06.06 – 85 Плотины бетонные и железобетонные. – М.:
Стройиздат, 1986. –37 с.

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