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Сон. Сновидения. Гипноз

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AAAAeAIEA .

A ae?aaiea a?aiaia niiaeaeaiey i?eieiaeenue ca ioe?iaaiey aiaia.
Ethaee aa?eee, /oi aeia?ua e ceua aeooe iiaoo anaeyoueny a oaei
niyuaai e iooai niiaeaeaiee niiauaoue aio ?aciua naaaeaiey,
neeiiyoue aai e oai eee eiui iinooieai, i?aaeaauaoue niauoey. Ii
e oiaaea oaea auei caia/aii, /oi a niiaeaeaieyo aiae e aeooe
i?aaeii/eoatho au?aaeaoueny iaynii, ii?ie neiaiee/anee, i?aaeinoaaeyy
naiei ethaeyi ?acaaaeuaaoue oaeiue niune niiaeaeaiee. Yoi
n/eoaeinue iaeaaeei aeaeii, aeinooiiui eeoue ae?aoeai e
i?ioanneiiaeueiui oieeiaaoaeyi niia.

Ia/aei iao/iiai iiaeoiaea e eco/aieth niiaeaeaiee ioiineony e
eiioeo XVIII aaea. Iaeii ec ia?auo aieaa eee iaiaa na?ueaciuo
ni/eiaiee ii yoiio aii?ino – «Iiuo iino?iaiey oai?ee nia» aeieoi?a
Ioaeiaa – iiyaeeinue a 1791 aiaeo. Aaoi?, iaaeaeo i?i/ei, i?eaiaeeo
oeaiiia iaaethaeaiea, iineoaeeaoaa ioi?aaiui ioieoii aeey
iineaaeothueo enneaaeiaaiee a oii aea iai?aaeaiee: iaeiiio
niyuaio, eaaeaaoaio ia nieia n ioe?uoui ?oii, aeeee a ?io
ianeieueei eaiaeue aiaeu; niyuee ia?aaa?ioeny ia aeeaio e noae
i?iecaiaeeoue ?oeaie e iiaaie ieaaaoaeueiua aeaeaeaiey; aio
i?enieeinue, /oi ii oiae a aiaeo e aue auioaeaeai nianaoueny
aieaaue.

Iaaethaeaiey oaeiai ?iaea iieacuaatho, /oi niiaeaeaiey iiaoo
aicieeaoue io neo/aeiiai ?acae?aaeaiey ai a?aiy nia oao eee
eiuo i?aaiia /oanoa. Oaeei ia?acii aue ioe?uo iooue aeey
yenia?eiaioaeueiiai eco/aiey niiaeaeaiee. Iniaaiii iiiai
iio?oaeeeenue ia yoii iii?eua o?aioeocneee o/aiue Ii?e e
iaiaoeeee o/aiue Aaeaaiae, iinayoeaoea naith aeeciue enneaaeiaaieth
i?e/ei, aucuaathueo niiaeaeaiey. A ?innee yoei aii?inii
caieiaeenue A. I. Anoaaoeaoo?ia; iineaaeiee eco/ee iniaaiiinoe
niaea?aeaiey niiaeaeaiee i?e caaieaaaieyo ?acee/iuo i?aaiia e
iaeei ec ia?auo eniieueciaae yoio i?eai aeey ?aniiciaaaiey
aieaciae.

Ia iiaeeaaeeo niiiaieth, /oi iaoe iunee e eaeae iaoiaeyony
iinoiyiii a aieueoie caaeneiinoe io oece/aneiai ninoiyiey iaoaai
i?aaiecia. Io aai iauaai ninoiyiey, ninoaaa e?iae e ninoiyiey
ia?aia, caaenyo oaeaea iaoe iaeeiiiinoe e no?anoe. Neiaii, iaoe
iiiyoey e acaeyaeu ia aaue caaenyo a neeueiie noaiaie io
iaoaai oaiia?aiaioa. Aieaciaiiia ninoiyiea i?aaiecia eeaaeao
ia/aeueiue e iaeaioiee/aneee eiei?eo ia iaoe iunee, e iaiai?io,
ioee/iia caei?iauea ?iaeaeaao oooeeaua e aanaeua eaeae. E iaeiiio
e oiio aea i?aaeiaoo e yaeaieth iu ioiineiny ?acee/ii, niio?y
ii oiio, a eaeii ninoiyiee iaoiaeeony iao i?aaieci, aeaeoaeie e
ia?au.

Oaiia?aiaio, einoeieou e iaeeiiiinoe ia?ac?uaii naycaiu n
/aeiaaeii, e ai a?aiy aiae?noaiaaiey.

Ai a?aiy nia ?acoi eeoue neaai i?ioeaiaeaenoaoao aeeyieth
oece/aneie noi?iiu iaoae i?aaiecaoeee, e oiaaea oaiia?aiaio
aeanoaoao, einoeieou i?aiaeaaeatho iaae eiaeeie e ?acoiii. Iiyoiio
/anoi o ethaeae aunieie i?aanoaaiiinoe, oeaeiioae?aiiuo, auaatho
neaaeino?anoiua niiaeaeaiey, eee i/aiue aeia?ui ethaeyi niyony
n?aaeaiey, e?iaii?ieeoey e i?i/ea aeanoieinoe.

Nii i?eaeeaeaao /aeiaaea e anoanoaaiiiio ninoiyieth e aoaeeo
aeeeea, ia?aiauoiua einoeieou. Ai a?aiy nia /aeiaae oaeaeyaony io
onaiaiiuo ainieoaieai eaeae e oaaaeaeaiee .

Nii e niiaeaeaiey.

Eioa?anai oio iau/iue aeey niiaeaeaiee oaeo, /oi aiaaoua
niaea?aeaieai niiaeaeaiey, eaaeoueany niyuaio aanueia
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiuie, ia naiii aeaea i?ioaeatho i/aiue auno?i –
anaai ianeieueei naeoiae. I?aaenoaaeaiey i a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa
ai nia ?acei ia?ooaiu. Iienai, iai?eia?, oaeie neo/ae. Iaeei
ecaanoiue ae?aiaoo?a, yaeaoenue ia i?aaenoaaeaiea naiae iueanu,
canioe io onoaeinoe e iacaei?iauey. Ai nia ii aeaeae anth naith
iueano io ia/aea aei eiioea, neaaeee ca ?acaeoeai aeaenoaey e
ca oai, eae i?eieiaao aai i?iecaaaeaiea ioaeeea. Iaeiiaoe caiaaan
iioneaaony iiae iaeooeoaeueiua aieiaeeniaiou, ae?aiaoo?a i?inuiaaony
e, e naiaio oaeeaeaieth, neuoeo, /oi ia noeaia i?ieciinyony aua
oieueei ia?aua ?aieeee ia?aie noeaiu. Ana ia?eiaoee iueanu,
i?ioaaeoea ia?aae aai aeacaie ai a?aiy nia, caiyee, oaeei
ia?acii, anaai ianeieueei naeoiae.

I oii, /oi e a aiae?noaaiiii ninoiyiee i?aaenoaaeaiey e
ainiiieiaiey iiaoo eiiaaea i?iiineoueny n iaiau/iie nei?inoueth,
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho iieacaiey ethaeae, ia?aaeeaoeo iea nia?oaeueiie
iianiinoe. A oaeie iea yeiau aiaoathony ainiiieiaiey /ooue ee ia
anae i?iaeeoie aeecie.

Ia iaiaa /anoui enoi/ieeii niiaeaeaiee yaeythony aicaoaeaeaiey,
i?eoiaeyuea a iica ia ec aiaoiaai ie?a, a ec aioo?aiieo i?aaiia
oaea – aeaeoaeea, eeoie, ii/aaiai iocu?y, eaaeeo, na?aeoea e i?. Ana
yoe i?aaiu iaeaaeatho /oanoaeoaeueiinoueth e naycaiu ia?aiuie
iooyie n «i?aaiii ineoeee» – ei?ie aieueoeo iieooa?ee aieiaiiai
iicaa. Aeiai iu iau/ii ia caia/aai «neaiaeia», eaeoueo ec
aioo?aiieo i?aaiia, iioiio /oi niciaiea caiieiaii aieaa neeueiuie
aia/aoeaieyie aiaoiaai ie?a. Ii/ueth ianoaiiaea iaiyaony: /ai aieaa
caie?aao aeayoaeueiinoue ia?oaeiuo i?aaiia /oanoa, oai io/aoeeaaa
ia/eiatho iuouaoueny ?acae?aaeaiey, aicieeathuea ai aioo?aiieo
i?aaiao, – iniaaiii yoe ?acae?aaeaiey aucuaathony eaeeie – eeai
aieaciaiiuie i?ioeannaie. Oae aicieeatho oyainoiua, eioia?iua niu,
ioaathuea noaaa?iuo ethaeae. Ia?ooaiea ai a?aiy nia ii?iaeueiie
na?aea/iie aeayoaeueiinoe eee aeuoaiey – iaeaieaa /anoue enoi/iee
oaeeo niiaeaeaiee.

Niiaeaeaiey, aucuaaaiua ?acae?aaeaieai aioo?aiieo i?aaiia, iiaoo
eiaoue aeeaaiinoe/aneia cia/aiea. Ii iei iiuoiue a?a/ eiiaaea
iiaeao ?aniiciaoue ia/aei oie eee eiie aioo?aiiae aieacie,
eioi?ay a ninoiyiee aiae?noaiaaiey aua ia aeano i naaa ciaoue,
ia i?iyaeyaony oeie/iuie aeey iaa neiioiiaie. Niiaeaeaiey – yoi
/anoe/iay aeayoaeueiinoue oaiaoaiiie ai a?aiy nia iicaiaie ei?u,
aucuaaaiay ?acee/iuie ?acae?aaeaieyie aiaoieo eee aioo?aiieo
i?aaiia /oanoa. Oaeia niune auoai?eaaaeaiiuo iieiaeaiee aeieoi?a
Iena, auneacaiiuo noi eao iacaae, ii oaea i?eaeeaeathueony e
nia?aiaiiiio o/aieth i nia e niiaeaeaieyo, yenia?eiaioaeueii
iainiiaaiiiio Iaaeiaui e aai nio?oaeieeaie. Ioeaaeny Ien oieueei
a iiieiaiee i?e/ei, i?eaiaeyueo e oaiaoaieth iicaiauo eeaoie ai
a?aiy. Ii (eae ii/oe ana aai nia?aiaiieee) iieaaae, /oi oaeie
i?e/eiie yaeyaony naiiio?aaeaiea iicaiauo eeaoie i?iaeoeoaie
iaiaia aauanoa – «yaeaie nia», eioi?ua iaeaieeaathony a e?iae e a
eeaoeao ai a?aiy aiae?noaiaaiey e aeaenoaotho onuieythuei
ia?acii, iiaeiaii ia?eioeeai. Ia naiii aeaea iu canuiaai aua aei
oiai, eae oniatho iaeiieony yaeiaeoua i?iaeoeou iaiaia. Iu iiaeai
neaaeei acae?aiiooue aeaaea oo?ii, iinea aeinoaoi/iiai
aeeeoaeueiiai ii/iiai nia, eiaaea i «yaeao nia» ia iiaeao auoue
e ?a/e. E oieueei a eneeth/eoaeueiuo neo/ayo, eiaaea
aiae?noaiaaiea, iiaeaea?aeeaaaiia eneonnoaaiiuie i?eaiaie,
i?iaeieaeaaony ianeieueei nooie iiae?yae, eiaaea iio?aaiinoue a
nia noaiiaeony aieaciaiiie, iai?aiaeieeiie, – oieueei oiaaea oaeoi?
naiiio?aaeaiey ia/eiaao ea?aoue aeaaioth ?ieue.

Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaotho eioa?aniua iaaethaeaiey iineianeiai
i?ioanni?a I. E. Aiioeia, i?iecaaaeaiiua a 1939 aiaeo ia ?aaeeii
iauaeoa – aeaoo n?inoeony /aeiaa/aneeo aeeciaoeao. Yoe aeeciaoeu
eiaee iauaa ooeiaeua, iaeii na?aeoea e iauoth e?iaaiinioth
nenoaio, ii aeaa aieiau, aeaa iicaa. E aio ia?aaeei neo/aeinue,
/oi iaeia aieiaa canuiaea, a oi a?aiy eae ae?oaay i?iaeieaeaea
aiae?noaiaaoue. Cia/eo, ia aoii?aeueiue oaeoi? (ninoaa e?iae) ea?aao
aeaaioth ?ieue i?e canuiaiee. Aaaeue a aeaiiii neo/aa iaa iicaa,
iieo/ay iaeeiaeiaoth ii ninoaao e?iaue, iiaee iaoiaeeony a ?aciuo
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ninoiyieyo: iaeei iica – a ninoiyiee oaiaoaiey,
ae?oaie – aiae?noaiaaiey.

Eaeie aea aeaaiaeaoaeueiue oaeoi? canoaaeyao ian aia?aiy
canuiaoue e oai naiui io?aiyao iao iica io ia?aooiieaiey, io
iianiinoe naiiio?aaeaiey? Iaaeia eeanne/aneeie iiuoaie, i?eiaiea
iaoiae ia?aciaaiey oneiaiuo ?aoeaenia, aeieacae, /oi oaeoi?ii,
aucuaathuei nii, yaeyaony oi?iiaeaiea ia?aiuo eeaoie, ninoaaeythueo
ei?o iicaiauo iieooa?ee.

?eoie/aneea ia?aiua eiioeuenu, iinooiathuea io i?aaiia /oanoa e
ia?aiui eeaoeai ei?u, iiaoo i?e ?aciuo oneiaeyo ieacuaaoue ia
ieo aeaiyeia aeaenoaea: eee i?eaiaeeoue a aeayoaeueiia,
aicaoaeaeaiiia ninoiyiea, eee, iai?ioea, oi?iiceoue yoi aeayoaeueiia
ninoiyiea, aueeth/aoue ia?aiua eeaoee ec ?aaiou. Aicaoaeaeaiea e
oi?iiaeaiea – iniiaiua ia?aiua i?ioeannu. Aac ieo ia iiaeao
inouanoaeoueny ie iaeei aeaeaaoaeueiue aeo, ie iaeii ineoe/aneia
ia?aaeeaaiea.

Aicaoaeaeaiea e oi?iiaeaiea – aeaa noi?iiu, aeaa i?ioeanna,
inouanoaeythuea aunooth ia?aioth aeayoaeueiinoue. Aeaaiaea?y eo
acaeiiaeaenoaeth a ei?a i?ienoiaeeo aiaeec e neioac aiaoieo
?acae?aaeaiee a niioaaonoaee n eo cia/aieai aeey
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiecia; aeeiaieea aicaoaeaeaiey ii?aaeaeyao
i?e yoii e oa?aeoa? ioaaoiie ?aaeoeee i?aaiecia ia aicaeaenoaey
aai aiaoiae e aioo?aiiae n?aaeu.

Ninoiyieth aiae?noaiaaiey niioaaonoaoao oae iacuaaaiay
aeeiaie/aneay (iiaeaeaeiay) «iicaeea» i/aaia aicaoaeaeaiey e
i/aaia oi?iiaeaiey a ei?a iicaiauo iieooa?ee. I?ino?ainoaaiiia
?ani?aaeaeaiea yoeo i/aaia iinoiyiii iaiyaony a caaeneiinoe io
inouanoaeyaiie a aeaiiue iiiaio aeayoaeueiinoe, io ia?aaeeaaaiiai
ineoe/aneiai ninoiyiey. Eiaaea /eoatho eaeoeeth, i/aae onoie/eaiai
aicaoaeaeaiey iaoiaeyony a oao ioaeaeao ei?u, eioi?ua aaaeatho
ooieoeeae ?a/e, inouanoaeytho aeo iuoeaiey; ana inoaeueiua /anoe
ei?u iaoiaeyony a ninoiyiee aieaa eee iaiaa aeoaieiai
oi?iiaeaiey. Ii eiaaea ia?aoiaeyo e ae?oaiio ?iaeo aeayoaeueiinoe,
iai?eia? ia/eiatho ea?aoue ia ?iyea, e ei?eiaay «iicaeea» oio/an
iaiyaony: i?aaeiea i/aae a ae?oaeo a?oiiao ei?eiauo eeaoie. A
ei?a aieueoeo iieooa?ee o /aeiaaea ian/eouaaaony 14 – 15
ieeeea?aeia ia?aiuo eeaoie (iae?iiia). *enei aiciiaeiuo
i?ino?ainoaaiiuo eiiaeiaoeee aicaoaeaeaiiuo e caoi?iiaeaiiuo i/aaia
a ei?a iienoeia iaecia?eii. A aaaeue eaaeaeay oaeay eiiaeiaoeey
io?aaeaao oa eee eiua iiiaiou ?acee/iuo ineoe/aneeo ninoiyiee.

*oi aea i?ienoiaeeo n yoie ei?eiaie «iicaeeie» aiae?noaiaaiey,
eiaaea iu canuiaai? A eaeii-ieaoaeue ioieoa ei?u aicieeaao
iniaaiii onoie/eaue i/aa oi?iiaeaiey. Neaaua, iaeiiia?aciua
?acae?aaeeoaee – eieuaaeueiay ianiy, oea/eaaiea, oeeaiuea /ania e
i?. – iiaoo niinianoaiaaoue ia?aciaaieth oaeiai i/aaa. Ec iaai, eae
ec oeaio?a, oi?iiaeaiea ia/eiaao «e??aaeee?iaaoue» – ?ani?ino?aiyony
ia ninaaeiea a?oiiu iae?iiia, caoai ana aeaeueoa e aeaeueoa,
aaneo ano?a/athueany ia iooe i/aae aicaoaeaeaiey, caoaaouaaao
iaeiiaoe anth ei?o, ana ei?eiaua iae?iiu. Ianooiaao aeoaieee nii
aac niiaeaeaiee, aac eaeeo-eeai i?iyaeaiee ineoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Iicaiaay ei?a – «i?aai ineoeee» – iieiinoueth
ioaeuoaao.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, nii aicieeaao eae ?acoeueoao i?aiaeaaeaiey a
ei?a aieiaiiai iicaa oi?iiciiai i?ioeanna. Oaeia oi?iiaeaiea,
oeacuaae E. I. Iaaeia. Eiaao «io?aieoaeueiia» cia/aiea aeey
i?aaiecia, niinianoaoao aai ioaeuoo a oeaeii e iniaaiii iaeaieaa
oiiei i?aaieciaaiiiai aai aiia?aoa – ei?u aieiaiiai iicaa.

Iiaeii, oaeei ia?acii, neacaoue, /oi ?ani?ino?aieaoaany ii ei?a
niiiia oi?iiaeaiea ea?aao aeey iicaa e anaai i?aaiecia ?ieue
«aiaaea-o?aieoaey». Ii e aieaa oiai: iii aunooiaao eiiaaea a ?iee
«/oaeaniiai enoeaeeoaey», i?iecaiaeyuaai onei?aiiia ainnoaiiaeaiea a
iicaiauo eeaoeao oao iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ii?iaeueiuo ioi?aaeaiee
iicaa e ineoeee neiaeiaeoeo oeie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee, eioi?ua
?ano?a/eaathony ai a?aiy aeiaaiie iai?yaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Iaaeinoaoi/iia eci aeiy a aeaiue iiiieiaiea yoeo niaaeeiaiee
i?eaiaeeo e caaieaaaieyi ia oieueei naiiai iicaa, ii e
oi?aaeyaiuo ei i?aaiia oaea. Iiiyoii, ii/aio oaeea aieacie
ecea/eaathony eneonnoaaiii i?iaeeaiiui niii – oae iacuaaaiie niiiie
oa?aieae, aaaaeaiiie a iaaeeoeeineoth i?aeoeeo E. I. Iaaeiaui e
aai iineaaeiaaoaeyie. Auaaao, iaeiaei, oae, /oi eaeay-ieaoaeue
o?aaiaeiay eee oai?/aneay iuneue eee ao?iia /oanoai iaoatho iai
caniooue. A oaeeo neo/ayo a iicaiaie ei?a aeaenoaotho i/aae
iniaaiii neeueiiai e onoie/eaiai aicaoaeaeaiey; iie-oi e
i?aiyonoaotho e??aaeeaoeee oi?iiaeaiey, ianooieaieth nia. Anee aea
nii ana aea ianooieo, ii aoaeao iaiieiui, /anoe/iui. A ei?a
nio?aieony «noi?iaeaaie ioieo aicaoaeaeaiey», iiaeiaii iaeeiieiio
ooano n?aaee ?aceeaoaainy ii?y oi?iiaeaiey. *a?ac iaai niyuee
iica iiaeao iiaeaea?aeeaaoue naycue n ie?oaeathuei. Oae,
enoiieaiiue oyaeaeui iioiaeii aiei aeoaiei nieo, ii i?e iaeaeoae
o?aaiaa ii oaea ia iiaao e euao i?oaeea.

Nii ni niiaeaeaieyie – ae?oaay ?aciiaeaeiinoue iaiieiiai
oi?iiaeaiey ei?u aieueoeo iieooa?ee. Anee nii aeoaie, oi ei?a
aeoaiei caoi?iiaeaia e eiioeuenu aicaoaeaeaiey, i?eoiaeyuea a iaa
io i?aaiia /oanoa, ooo aea caaeioioo. Niiaeaeaiee ia aoaeao.
Aeeaea e oo?o, eiaaea eeaoee ei?u aeinoaoi/ii ioaeioioo,
io?aieoaeueiia oi?iiaeaiea ineaaaaaao e i?iieeathuea a iaa
eiioeuenu ia/eiatho i?ieaaaoue naaa iooue a eaae?eioa
nieaoathueony naieie io?inoeaie iae?iiia. Iiaeiaii aeoaeaeathuaio
iaiiueeo, aicaoaeaeaiea ia?aaaaaao io iaeiie a?oiiu eeaoie e
ae?oaie e, ?anoi?iaaeeaay eo, iaeeaeyao oo i?eoioeeaoth aa?aieoeo
ia?acia, i?aeiouanoaaiii c?eoaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a, eioi?oth iu
iacuaaai niiaeaeaieai. Ii?aceoaeueia y?einoue, aeeciaiiinoue
aicieeathueo i?e yoii ia?acia! A ninoiyiee aiae?noaiaaiey ieeaeia
aiia?aaeaiea ia iiaeao ia?eniaaoue ie/aai iiaeiaiiai. Eiaiii
y?einoue ia?acia niiaeaeaiey e ea?aea, ii-aeaeeiiio, aaaeioth ?ieue
a aicieeiiaaiee noaaa?iuo i?aaenoaaeaiee i caa?iaiie aeecie.

AEECIUe AI NIA.

«Iaauaaeay eiiaeiaoeey aueuo

aia/aoeaiee»

*oi aea yoi oaeia?

«Iaauaaeay eiiaeiaoeey aueuo aia/aoeaiee» – oae iacaae eiaaea-oi
ciaiaieoue ?onneee oeceieia Eaai Ieoaeeiae/ Na/aiia iaoe
niiaeaeaiey. Yoio ia?ac oi?ioi io?aaeaao iaeio aaaeioth
iniaaiiinoue niiaeaeaiee. Iaeuecy oaeaeaoue ai nia oi, /oi ia
auei eiaaea-oi aini?eiyoi iaoei iicaii. Ai a?aiy nia a iaoai
iicaa iiaeao iaeeoue, anieuoue a niciaiee a aeaea y?eie ea?oeiu
oieueei oi, /oi eiaaea-oi inoaaeei naie, ionoue ieiieaoiue, neaae
a ia?aiuo eeaoeao iicaa. Ia?acii aiai?y, ai a?aiy nia niciaiea
iiaeao auiooue ec eeaaeiaie iaiyoe oi, /oi ooaea eiaaea-eeai
iieiaeaii. Acyoue ec yoie eeaaeiaie oi, /aai oai iao, –
iaaiciiaeii. Oi?ioi ecaanoii, /oi neaiui io ?iaeaeaiey ia niyony
c?eoaeueiua ia?acu.

Aea, ai nia iiaeii oaeaeaoue oieueei oi, /oi auei. Ii a eaeii
aeaea? *aeiaae aeaeeo ii?ie niaa?oaiii neaci/iua, iaaa?iyoiua
niiaeaeaiey. *aai oieueei ia auaaao ai nia! Iu aeaeei naay a
aeaeaeii aeaonoaa, iooaoanoaoai ii ?acee/iui no?aiai, n?aaeaainy,
aac oaeeaeaiey ano?a/aainy n oia?oeie ethaeueie, aiai?ei n
aeeaioiuie, eae a neaceao, eaoaai ii aicaeooo.

A iicao niyuaai, eae a eeii, ca ei?ioeia a?aiy i?ioiaeeo ii?ie
any /aeiaa/aneay aeeciue. E eaeea au oaioanoe/aneea ea?oeiu ie
?acaa?ouaaeenue ai nia, iie eaaeoony iiaeeeiiuie, ?aaeueiuie.

Oae /oi aea oaeia nai nii?

Eiaaea-oi o iaoeo aeaeaeeo i?aaeeia ia yoio n/ao nouanoaiaaei
oaa?aeia oaaaeaeaiea: ai a?aiy nia aeooa /aeiaaea a?aiaiii
iieeaeaao aai oaei, /oiau iia?iaeeoue ii naaoo; iai nieony oi,
/oi iia aeaeeo a naieo iooaoanoaeyo.

O iiiaeo ia?aiauoiuo ieaiai nouanoaiaae no?iaee iau/ae: iaeuecy
aoaeeoue onioaoaai /aeiaaea. Ii-oi i?iniaony, a aai aeooa iiaeao
ia oniaoue aica?aoeony ia?aoii. O aia?eeaineeo eiaeaeoeaa
n/eoaaony nia?oaeueii iianiui ?acoe?aoeaaoue eeoei /aeiaaea, eiaaea
ii nieo. Ii/aio? Aica?auaynue, aeooa iiaeao ia ociaoue naiaai
ianoi i?a-

auaaiey, i?ieaoeo ieii e /aeiaae, ia i?inioaoenue, oi?ao. Iaoea i
nia ia iiaeao iioaanoaoue naiei aic?anoii. Ii nouanoao,
enneaaeiaaieyie ?aaiou iicaa o/aiua caiyeenue oieueei iineaaeiea
noi eao.

*oi oaeia nii? Aua iaaeaaii ioaao iaoee aue oaeei: nii – yoi
ioaeuo ia?aiuo eeaoie ei?u aieiaiiai iicaa. Aiai?y oi/iaa, yoi
i?ioeann io?aieoaeueiiai oi?iiaeaiey, caoaaouaathuee eeaoee – iae?iiu
ei?u e iinoaiaiii ?ani?ino?aiythueeny ia aieaa aeoaieea o/anoee
iicaa.

I?e yoii iae?iiu ia?anoatho ioaa/aoue ia i?eoiaeyuea e iei
neaiaeu – ?acae?aaeaiey. Oaeei ia?acii, ioaaonoaaiiuie ca nii (e ca
niiaeaeaiey) i?eciaaaeenue eeaoee ei?u aieiaiiai iicaa. E
oieueei. Iiaua enneaaeiaaiey o/aiuo ?ane?uee aieaa neiaeioth
ea?oeio.

Aua a 30 – o aiaeao ecaanoiue niaaoneee o/aiue I. E. Aiioei,
enneaaeoy ?aaioo iicaa, auneacae iuneue: a iaoaiecia nia
o/anoaotho ia?yaeo n eeaoeaie ei?u e iiaeei?eiaua ioaeaeu
aieiaiiai iicaa. Enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi oae iii e anoue. Yoi
auei ioe?uoi, eiaaea o/aiua i?eiyeenue aeaoaeueii eco/eoue ?aaioo
ioaeaeueiuo /anoae aieiaiiai iicaa, a oii /enea e oao, eioi?ua
iaoiaeyony iiae aieueoeie iieooa?eyie.

Iniaaiii caeioa?aniaaei enneaaeiaaoaeae oae iacuaaaiia nao/aoia
ia?aciaaiea, eee ?aoeeoey?iay oi?iaoeey a noaiea aieiaiiai iicaa.
Auei onoaiiaeaii: eae oieueei noaie iicaa ioaeaeytho io aieueoeo
iieooa?ee, aeeaioiia (iiuou i?iaiaeeeenue ia aunoeo aeeaioiuo)
iia?oaeaaony a aani?iaoaeiue nii. Noaei ynii, /oi eiaiii ooo, a
noaiea iicaa, aeaenoaoao eaeie-oi iaoaieci, i?aaiecothuee iao nii.

Ii eaeie? Ioaao iiiiaee iaeoe yeaeo?iiaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey, /oi
?aiueoa ia aeaeaeinue (o/aiua noaee enneaaeiaaoue aeiyeaeo?e/aneea
oiee iicaa).Ieacaeinue, /oi ?aoeeoey?iay oi?iaoeey – aoaeai
iacuaaoue aa i?iua, ?O,- aeaao yia?aeth iae?iiai ei?u aieiaiiai
iicaa, /oi e iicaieyao i?aaiecio aiae?noaiaaoue.

Iiaeiaii yeaeo?inoaioeee, ?O iaania/eaaao yia?aeae iae?iiiue
ai?iae – iica. Aueeth/aaony ?oaeeueiee, e a ai?iaea aanioo iaie,
ai?iae nieo. Auee iaeaeaiu e enoi/ieee ieoaiey naiie ?O. Eie
ieacaeenue i?aaiu /oanoa e iaeioi?ua aauanoaa: oaeaeeneue aac,
ai?iiiu, e?iaue, eeoaiiay ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa. Iaoee o/aiua e
oaeea aauanoaa, eioi?ua iiaeaaeytho aeayoaeueiinoue eeaoie ?O, a
cia/eo, e aucuaatho nii. Eae e iiaeii auei iaeeaeaoue, e iei
ioiinyony oaeaea iiiaea ia?eioeee.

Eacaeinue au, ana i?iynieeinue. Iaeiaei o/aiui auee ecaanoiu
ae?oaea oaeou. Oaaeoea?neee oeceieia A. ?. Aann aua aei yoiai
onoaiiaee, /oi “oeaio?ii nia” yaeyaony aiana ia ?O, a ae?oaia
iiaeei?eiaia ia?aciaaiea – aeiioaeaion.

Enneaaeiaaiey i?iaeieaeaeenue. Auynieeinue, /oi acaeiiioiioaiey
eeaoie ei?u e eeaoie ?O aieaa neiaeiu. Iiaeei?ea niaaaeaao ei?o
yia?aeae, ii yoi niaaaeaiea iaoiaeeony iiae eiio?ieai ei?eiauo
iae?iiia. Iie naie ?aaoee?otho, eiaaea e neieueei ei o?aaoaony
yia?aee, ?aoatho,

aeieaeia ee ?aaioaoue ?O a iieioth neeo eee aa neaaeoao ia
a?aiy aueeth/eoue. Aicaeaenoaotho ei?eiaua iae?iiu e ia ?aaioo
aeiioaeaiona.

Eiaaea /aeiaae ia nieo, cia/eo, iie naea?aeeaatho aeayoaeueiinoue
“oeaio?ia nia”. Ii aio eeaoee ei?u iicaa ia/eiatho ooiieyoueny,
ei o?aaoaony ioaeuo. Aicaeaenoaea eo ia aeiioaeaion neaaaao, e
yoi n?aco aea eniieuecotho eeaoee aeiioaeaiona – iie “aueeth/atho
?oaeeueiee” ?O – yeaeo?inoaioeee. Iae?iiiue ai?iae iia?oaeaaony a
oaiiioo, /aeiaae ia/eiaao canuiaoue. Oaeiaa, a naiii iauai e ii
iaiaoiaeeiinoe oi?iuaiiii aeaea, ei?eiai – iiaeei?eiaay oai?ey nia,
?ac?aaioaiiay I. E. Aiioeiui. Ei?ioei aiai?y, nii anoue ?acoeueoao
aeaonoi?iiiae nayce ei?u e iiaeei?eiaiai aiia?aoa aieiaiiai
iicaa.

Enneaaeoy iaoaieciu nia, o/aiua i?eaeeceeenue e iiieiaieth
oeie/aneeo i?ioeannia, i?ioaeathueo i?e yoii. Aua a ia/aea iaoaai
aaea o?aioeocneea enneaaeiaaoaee Eaaeai? e Iuea?ii iinoaaeee
oaeie yenia?eiaio: ia aeaaaee niaoue iiaeiiuoiui niaaeai aieueoa
iaaeaee, a?aee o ieo ec iicaa yeno?aeo e aaiaeeee ae?oaei
niaaeai. AEeaioiua, aiae?ua aua ieiooo iacaae, ii/oe ia aeacao
canuiaee.

Iicaeiaa o/aiua a?aee yeno?aeou iicaa o aeeaioiuo, iaoiaeyueony
a ceiiae niy/ea. Eioee e niaaee, iieo/aaoea

“ii?oeeth” oaeiai yeno?aeoa, ia aeieaia a?aiy aiaaeaee a niiiia
ninoiyiea. I?aaeiieiaeaiea i oeie/aneie i?e?iaea nia iai?aoeaaeinue
naii niaie. Aeaeeii, ana aeaei a oii, /oi, eiaaea /aeiaae
(aeeaioiia) ia nieo, o iaai a e?iae e iicao iaeaieeaathony
eaeea-oi a?aaeiua aauanoaa, aucuaathuea onoaeinoue. Io ieo i?aaieci
e inaiaiaeaeaaony ai a?aiy nia. Iaeiaei iiaua iaaethaeaiey
canoaaeee o/aiuo ioeacaoueny io iunee, /oi ana aeaei oieueei a
oeiee. Iiae iaaethaeaieai iaaeeeia iaoiaeeeenue, iai?eia?,
iaaacucaanoiua neaineea aeeciaoeu. Eiay iauaa e?iaiia?auaiea e
?acaeaeueiua ia?aiua nenoaiu, iie canuiaee a ?aciia a?aiy – iaeia
aieiaa niaea, a ae?oaay aiae?noaiaaea. Anee au nii ianooiae
oieueei aneaaenoaea oaaee/aiey a e?iae ii?aaeaeaiiuo oeie/aneeo
aauanoa, oaeiai yaeaiey ia i?ienoiaeeei au.

Cia/eo, oeie/aneee oaeoi? – ia naiia aeaaiia a iaoaiecia nia. Ii
e ioa?ineoue aai nianai iaeuecy. *oiau caniooue, i?aaieci ioneaao
a oiae eae ia?aiua, oae e oeie/aneea i?ioeannu.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e yoii a e?iae oaaee/eaaaony eiee/anoai
na?ioiieia, a niaea?aeaiea aae?aiaeeia ai a?aiy nia, iaiai?io,
oiaiueoaaony. Noieo aaanoe a e?iaue aeeaioiiai iaaieueooth aeico
aae?aiaeeia, e aeeaioiia aeieai ia caniao.

Iiiooii caiaoei, /oi aieueoeinoai niioai?iuo eaea?noa ia?ooaao
ii?iaeueioth no?oeoo?o nia – iie iiaeaaeytho oae iacuaaaiue
auno?ue nii.

O?e oacu aeecie.

Aua iaaeaaii iu, ia caaeoiuaaynue, aeaeeee iaoo aeeciue ia aeaa
nouanoaaiii ioee/iua ae?oa io ae?oaa oacu – aiae?noaiaaiea e nii.
Oaia?ue, iiaeaeoe, i?eoei a?aiy io yoiai ioeacaoueny. E aio
ii/aio.

Enneaaeoy ninoiyiey /aeiaaea ai a?aiy nia, o/aiua onoaiiaeee a
iineaaeiaa a?aiy iiiai eioa?aniaeoeo oaeoia. Ieacaeinue, /oi o
eaaeaeiai ec ian anoue aeaa nia: nii iaaeeaiiue e nii auno?ue,
eee ia?aaeienaeueiue. O ac?ineiai ieiei /aoaa?oe anaai a?aiaie
nia iaaeaao ia auno?ue nii, a inoaeueiia – ia iaaeeaiiue.

Anee au ni?ineoa aaoeo ciaeiiuo, eaeea niu iie aeaeyo, oi
iaeaeoony, aiciiaeii, oaeea, eioi?ua ioaaoyo: “A y ieeiaaea ia
aeaeo niia”. Iaeiaei yoi ia oae. Enneaaeiaaoaee neaaeeee ca
onioaoei /aeiaaeii, e eae oieueei o iaai ianooiae auno?ue nii,
ooo aea aoaeeee e ni?aoeaaee, /oi ii aeaeae ai nia. ?acaoaeaiiue
iaeciaiii aniiieiae nii e ?anneacuaae i iai. E aeaenoaeoaeueii,
eiaaea niio?eoue ia /aeiaaea a oaca ia?aaeienaeueiiai nia, iiaeii
naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi niyuee /oi-oi ia?aaeeaaao: o iaai o/auaaony
aeuoaiea, eciaiyaony na?aeoeaaeaiea, oaaaeyony ?oee e iiae,
iaaethaeathony auno?ua aeaeaeaiey aeac, iuooe eeoea.

Enneaaeiaaoaee i?aaeiieiaeeee, /oi eiaiii a oaeea iiiaiou
onioaoee /aeiaae aeaeeo nii. Oae e ieacaeinue. A noieei oiai aea
/aeiaaea ?acaoaeeoue ai a?aiy nia, e ii oaa?ye, /oi ieeaeeo
niia ia aeaeae. I?e/eia auea i?inoie – ii eo oaea caaue, iiea
aeeeeny iaaeeaiiue nii.

Ca 6-8 /ania nia iaaeeaiiue nii i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoueth 60-90
ieioo ianeieueei ?ac niaiyeny auno?ui – ia 10-20 ieioo. Oaeei
ia?acii, ca ii/ue o ian auaaao /aou?a – iyoue “iyoiaaeoeaoe-,
aeaaaeoeaoeieiooie”, eiaaea iica iicaieyao naaa “iiaoeyoue ii
no?aia niiaeaeaiee”.

Iaeciaiiia iiyaeaiea niiaeaeaiee, eo ?aaoey?iinoue iaaaee
enneaaeiaaoaeae ia iuneue: a ia yaeythony ee iie iaiaoiaeeiuie
i?aaiecio? *oi aoaeao, anee eeoeoue /aeiaaea aiciiaeiinoe aeaeaoue
niu?

Nioie aeia?iaieueoeaa auee iiaeaa?aioou eco/aieth ai a?aiy nia.
Ei ?ac?aoaee niaoue oieueei ai a?aiy iaaeeaiiiai nia, a eae
oieueei ianooiae ia?aaeienaeueiue nii, aoaeeee. Eiuie neiaaie,
ethaeyi aeaaaee aiciiaeiinoue niaoue, ii ia iicaieyee aeaeaoue
niu. Ia?aeeaeueii n ieie ae?oaeo aoaeeee oae aea /anoi, ii a
ia?eiaeu nia aac niiaeaeaiee. *oi aea iaaethaeaeinue o oao, eiio
ia aeaaaee aeaeaoue niiaeaeaiey? I?aaeaea anaai oaaee/eaaeanue
/anoioa aicieeiiaaiey niiaeaeaiee – auno?ue nii ianooiae /a?ac
iaiueoea i?iiaaeooee. Caoai, iaeioi?ia a?aiy nionoy, o ethaeae aac
niiaeaeaiee iiyaeeenue iaa?icu – /oanoai no?aoa, o?aaiae,
iai?yaeaiiinoe. A iinea oiai, eae ei niiaa iicaieyee niaoue
auno?ui niii, ii oyioeny aeieueoa, /ai iau/ii, eae aoaeoi i?aaieci
iaaa?nouaae oiouaiiia.

Iieo/aaony, /oi iaoe niiaeaeaiey – yoi noieue aea iaiaoiaeeiay
?aaioa iicaa, eae e iau/iay oinoaaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue. Niiaeaeaiey
ioaeiu iai, eae aeuoaiea eee ieuaaa?aiea!

Oaeei ia?acii, o ian anoue ana iniiaaiey aeaeeoue iaoo aeeciue
ia ia nii e aiae?noaiaaiea, a ia nii aac niiaeaeaiee, nii ni
niiaeaeaieyie e aiae?noaiaaiea.

Nii ni niiaeaeaieyie – yoi nianai iniaia ninoiyiea i?aaiecia, i?e
eioi?ii iica noieue aea eioaineaii ?aaioaao, eae e i?e
aiae?noaiaaiee, oieueei yoa ?aaioa eia/a i?aaieciaaia e ai?acaei
aieaa “canae?a/aia” i?e?iaeie. Ai anyeii neo/aa nae/an noaei
ynii: ieeae iaeuecy neacaoue, /oi ai a?aiy nia iica iaoiaeeony a
ianneaiii ninoiyiee. Aeia?ay iineiaeoea iae?iiia iicaa o niyuaai
?aaioaao aeaaea aeoeaiaa, /ai aeiai. Yoi ioiineony i?aaeaea anaai
e aeoaeiiui ioaeaeai iicaa. Eioa?anii, /oi oa aea caeiiiia?iinoue
iaaethaeaaony o aeeaioiuo. O/aiua i?iaiaeeee iiuou n eioeaie:
eiaaea eo aoaeeee i?e i?iyaeaiee auno?iai nia, eioa?aaeu iaaeaeo
ia?eiaeaie auno?iai nia oiaiueoaeenue n 10-30 ieioo aei 1
ieioou. AEeaioiia eae au noa?aaony aeaeaoue niu oai /aua, /ai
aieueoa yoiio i?aiyonoaotho! Ia?anoatho aoaeeoue eioeo – e ia?eiaeu
auno?iai nia oaeeeiythony.

Enneaaeiaaoaeue iicaa i?ioanni? Eeiineiai oieaa?neoaoa I. AEoaa
iaoae a iicao eioee o/anoie, eioi?ue yaeyaony eae au “ioneiaui
oeaio?ii” aeey ia/aea niiaeaeaiee. Yoio ioneiaie oeaio? iiaeii
eneonnoaaiii aeeth/aoue e aueeth/aoue. Eiaaea ii iia?aaeaeai,
ia?eiaeu niiaeaeaiey en/acatho. E yoi ioe?uoea iiaeoaa?aeaeaao
iuneue i oii, /oi niiaeaeaiey iaiaoiaeeiu i?aaiecio. Iiaeii
i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi iie ianoo naiaia?acioth neoaeao caueou.
Aaaeue eiaaea /aeiaae nieo, aei iaai aeioiaeyo iiiaea neaiaeu
?acae?aaeaiey eae ec aiaoiae n?aaeu (aeeth/aiiue naao, /oanoai
oieiaea e o. ae.), oae e io ?acee/iuo i?aaiia oaea. Ana yoe
?acae?aaeaiey aeeth/athony a nthaeaou niiaeaeaiee e ia ia?ooatho
nia, /aeiaae i?iaeieaeaao niaoue. E?iia oiai, i?e auno?ii nia iica
eo/oa oeaaeeaaao neaaua neaiaeu i ia?ooaieyo a i?aaiecia: yoe
neaiaeu iiaoo io?aceoueny e a niiaeaeaieyo.

Enneaaeiaaiey iineaaeieo eao oeacuaatho ia oi, /oi e ai a?aiy
iaaeeaiiiai nia ian iinauatho niiaeaeaiey. Iaeiaei ia?acu yoeo
niiaeaeaiee ia noieue y?ee e ia oaioanoe/iu. Yoi eae au
?aciuoeaiey ai nia. Iaaea?ii eiaiii a oaeea ia?eiaeu onioaoea
?acaiaa?eaatho /aua, /ai i?e auno?ii nia.

Neieueei o?aaoaony a?aiaie aeey nia? Ioaaoa aaeeiiai aeey anao,
anoanoaaiii, iao. Ana caaeneo io eiie?aoiiai i?aaiecia, io oneiaee
n?aaeu. Iaeiei iaiaoiaeeii aeey iieiiai ainnoaiiaeaiey nee ia
iaiaa 8-9 /ania nia, ae?oaei aeinoaoi/ii 6. Ecaanoii, /oi
Aaooa?aa, Aaoa e Oeeea? niaee ii 5 /ania a nooee, a Yaeenii –
anaai 2-3.

Ethaiiuoioth noaoenoeeo i?eaiaeyo enneaaeiaaoaee ii aii?ino, eiio
/oi nieony? Ec aeanyoea niiaeaeaiee a n?aaeiai oanoue
nii?iaiaeaeathony ?acee/iuie caoeaie. Oieueei 5 i?ioeaioia niia
naycaiu n iaiiyieai e aeonii.

Aua iaeei iaaacuioa?aniue oaeo: ai a?aiy nia o /aeiaaea ia
oieueei cae?uou aeaca, ii e “ioeeth/aiu” ooe. Iuooea, oi?aaeythuay
neooiauie einoi/eaie – iieioi/eaie, iaeiaaeueiae, no?aiaiai, – eiaaea
iu niei, iaoiaeeony a ?anneaaeaiiii ninoiyiee, e iiiaea ia
a?iieea caoee ooi

ia oeaaeeaaao.

Nii a ?oeo.

O?aaiaeiue e aaciyoaaeiue, ia?aiue e aacaeoiiue nii – enoi/iee
iniaiai ninoiyiey, eiaaea iu iooaoanoaoai ii no?aia niiaeaeaiee.

Oaaaeaeaiea a oii, /oi niiaeaeaiey iiaoo i?aaeneacaoue aoaeouea
niauoey, auooao ouny/aeaoey. Oaea ii iaeiiio yoiio e iei noieo
i?eaeyaeaoueny iiaeeaea. Eae yoi aiciiaeii – oaeaeaoue ai nia
a?yaeouaa?!

E naiia caaaaiia: ieeiai ia niouaei e ia niouaao, /oi ?aciua
niiieee iaeii e oi aea niiaeaeaiea nieioue e ?yaeii oieeotho
ii-naiaio. A noaaa?ea cae?aanoaoao. E oie?aoue ia niae?aaony. Ioaao
ia aii?in, ii/aio ethaee aa?yo a aauea niu, ia oae i?ino, eae
eiie ?ac i?aaenoaaeyaony. Aeaei a oii, /oi ecaanoii iaiaei
?anneacia, eiaaea aeaeaiiia ai nia iioii aeaenoaeoaeueii
nauaaeinue iayao. E nooue ia a iaeieo oieueei niaiaaeaieyo. Aio
/oi i?iecioei iaeiaaeaeu n aia?eeaineei o/aiui – iaeaiioieiaii
Ooa?iaa?aii. Iaeei ec iocaaa caeacae aio iaeoe e i?eneaoue
eenouey ae?aaieo ?anoaiee. Ooa?iaa?a aanue aeaiue aeoiae, aaea
aeinoaoue ioaeiua eenouey, a eiaaea onioe, oaeaeae ai nia, /oi
yoe eenouey iaoiaeyony o iiaeiiaeey ai?u, a ianeieueeeo
eeeiiao?ao io ai?iaea, aaea ii aeee. I/aiue caeioa?aniaaiiue, ii
iaoo?i ioi?aaeeny e ai?a e… aeaenoaeoaeueii eo iaoae.

*aeiaae oaeaeae ai nia, /oi aai oeoneea niaaea. Ii yaii
ii/oanoaiaae aieue io oeona. I?inioaoenue, ii nei?i caaue i
“aauai” nia. Ii i?ioei aeaa iaaeaee – e ia ianoa “oeona”
ia?aciaaeanue ycaa!

Ia oi?iieoanue n auaiaeaie.

Cia/eo, aauea niu anoue? Ia oi?iieoanue. Ai anao ?anneacaiiuo
niao ie/aai aauaai a oii niunea, eae aai oieeotho niiieee e
aaaeaeee, iao!

*oi i?iecioei n iaeaiioieiaii? Ii?aciuneea, iauyniaiea iaoae nai
Ooa?iaa?a, eioi?ue ia aue noaaa?iui. Ii aniiiiee, /oi iacaaeieai
aei yoiai neo/ay ioioeeny a oii ianoa ia eic. Eiaaea ii e iei
iiaee?aaeuaaeny, oi iai?iecaieueii niio?ae iiae iiae, ia ia?auay
iniaiai aieiaiey ia oi, /oi ooo ?inei. Aai niciaiea a yoi
a?aiy auei caiyoi ae?oaie iuneueth – eae aeeaea iacaiaoii
iiaeieoe e aeeeei eicai. Iaeiaei oi, /oi ia aeioiaeeei aei
niciaiey /aeiaaea, iica ioia/ae.

Ieiieaoiiai acaeyaea, a?ioaiiiai ia ?anoaiea, eioi?ia iioii
cai?ineee ?aaioieee iocay, ieacaeinue aeinoaoi/ii, /oiau iica
caoeene?iaae oaeaeaiiia, e a iai inoaeenue niioaaonoaothuea
neaaeu. Yoe neaaeu e iaeeee a niiaeaeaiee, iinea oiai eae o/aiue
aeieai aeoiae i oii, aaea aea iaeoe ioaeiia ?anoaiea.

Niu e iaaeeoeeia.

Iiaeii aic?aceoue, /oi nii n niaaeie e a naiii aeaea
i?aaeneacae aieaciue aua aei oiai, eae aa iiaeii auei
?aniiciaoue.

N oaeei aic?aaeaieai iiaeii niaeaneoueny oieueei iaiieiaeio. Aea,
eiia/ii, nii i?aaeneacae caaieaaaiea. Ii, ai – ia?auo, yoi
caaieaaaiea iia iaia?oaeeoue e a?a/, anee au aieueiie ia?aoeeny
e iaio. Ai-aoi?uo – e yoi aeaaiia, – a aeaiiii neo/aa iu
noaeeeaaainy n i?e/eiii – neaaenoaaiiie naycueth iaeiiai yaeaiey
(aauaai nia ) n ae?oaei (caaieaaaieai ).

Oaeie aauee nii ia ianao a naaa ie/aai ienoe/aneiai. Aieaa
oiai, iaaeeee oaea n?aaieoaeueii aeaaii ia?aoeee aieiaiea ia
oaeoth naycue. Aua a 1935 aiaeo i?ioanni? I. E. Anoaaaoeaoo?ia
ienae ii yoiio iiaiaeo: “Iiaeii, iai?eia?, i?eciaoue, /oi anee
o?aaiaeiua niiaeaeaiey n yeaiaioaie no?aoa nia?oe ni/aoathony n
aiacaiiuie i?iaoaeaeaieyie , nii?iaiaeaeathueieny aacio/aoiui
no?aoii nia?oe, oi yoi iiaeao aicaoaeaeaoue iiaeic?aiea i
caaieaaaiee na?aeoea a oaeii ia?eiaea, eiaaea ieeaeeo ae?oaeo
noauaeoeaiuo aeaeia, oeacuaathueo ia oaeia caaieaaaiea, ia
eiaaony”. O?oae aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe A. I. Eanaoeeia “Oai?ey
niiaeaeaiee, iaeioi?ua caeiiiia?iinoe aicieeiiaaiey e no?oeoo?u”.
Aaoi?u ia iniiaaiee aiaaoaeoaai iaoa?eaea (ii i?iaiaeece?iaae
ouny/e niia) auneacuaaao oi/eo c?aiey, /oi niiaeaeaiey iiaoo
i?aaeneacuaaoue iiiaea caaieaaaiey: aieaciue Aioeeia (aeaeoooo) –
i?eia?ii ca iaaeaeth; iaa?icu – io iaaeaee aei ianeieueeeo
ianyoeaa; o?iie/aneee aano?eo – ieiei ianyoea; ooaa?eoeac eaaeeo – ca
iaeei-aeaa ianyoea; aeia?oiieth – ca aeaa-o?e ianyoea, a iiooaee
aieiaiiai iicaa – eiiaaea ca aiae.

Eiaaea /aeiaaeo nieony, /oi ii oi/ao auiu?iooue ec aiaeu, eee
/oi ii eacao a oceoth uaeue e cano?aaaao a iae, eeai
iiaeieiaaony a ai?o, eee aai a?oaeue naeaaeeaaao oyaeaeay
iaeaaeaea, i?e oaeeo niiaeaeaieyo aiciiaeiu ainiaeaiea eaaeeo,
ieaa?eo, ooaa?eoeac. Iaeiaaeaeu e aeieoi?o Eanaoeeio i?eoea
iiaeeeay aeaiueia, eioi?oth aio oaea ianyoe i?aneaaeiaae nii: iia
naia eee eoi -oi ec aa ciaeiiuo ano nu?oth eee enii?/aiioth
?uao. Aeieoi? iai?aaee aa ia enneaaeiaaiea aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iiai
o?aeoa e ia ioeany – o aeaiueiu auea iaia?oaeaia ino?ay oi?ia
aano?eoa.

Eiia/ii, ia ana caeanue oae i?inoi. I?e aeeaaiinoeea n iiiiuueth
niiaeaeaiee iaoatho anaaiciiaeiua neo/aeiinoe e ioeeiiaiey. Ii
anee niiaeaeaiey iaayc/eau e iaeiioeiiu, iie oeacuaatho ia
aieueooth aa?iyoiinoue eaeiai-oi ne?uoiai caaieaaaiey. Caaieaaaiey
na?aeoea (eioa?eo ieiea?aea, noaiiea?aeey) ia?aaeei aucuaatho
eioia?iua aeaeaiey, iie iiaoo nii?iaiaeaeaoueny neeueiui /oanoaii
no?aoa nia?oe. I?e na?aea/iuo caaieaaaieyo iiaeao nieoueny
iaaeaiea a i?iianoue eee a ia?ua.

Niiaeaeaiey ia caeac.

Eiia/ii, aeaeaei ia eaaeaeia iai?eyoiia niiaeaeaiea aiai?eo i
eaeii-oi caaieaaaiee. I/aiue /anoi i?e/eiaie oyaeaeuo caaieaaaiee
neoaeao oaeea aaue, eae aeooioa a eiiiaoa, ia?aiieiaiiue
aeaeoaeie, iaoaeiaiia iieiaeaiey niyuaai a iinoaee.

Ia?aaeei ?anneacuaatho, /oi ai nia /aeiaae aeaeeo naay eaoyuei
a i?iianoue eee i?iaaeeaathueiny a yio, iinea /aai ii nae/an
aea i?inuiaaony. Oaeia niiaeaeaiey iiaeao i?iecieoe iooiai,/oi
niyuee eaa ia eaaue aie e cao?oaeiee ?aaioo na?aeoea. Na?aeoea
ia ianeieueei naeoiae inoaiaaee-

aaaony e a yoio iiiaio iiaeao i?enieoueny iaaeaiea a i?iianoue.

Io, a iineieueeo iiiaea aiaoiea i?e/eiu iiaoo aeeyoue ia
niaea?aeaiea niiaeaeaiee, oi, i/aaeaeii, iu iiaeai aucuaaoue niu ii
caeaco. E yoi aeieacuaaeinue iiiaie?aoii. A eiioea i?ioeiai aaea
ii?aaaeneee o/aiue Aieueae i?iaiaeee oaeea iiuou: ia ii/ue ii
ia?aaycuaae naiei nio?oaeieeai nonoaau iiieaea eiaeuaeae oio?eii.
Noiia i?eaiaeeeanue a oaeia iieiaeaiea, eae aoaeoi /aeiaae noieo
ia oeuii/eao. Niyuaio nieeinue, /oi ii aaaeeo, iiaeieiaaony ii
eanoieoea, noaiiaeony ia oeuii/ee, aaeao ia aaeineiaaea.

E iiaai /aeiaaea, eiaaea ii niae i?eeiaeeee ai?y/oth a?aeeo, e
aio i?enieeinue ecaa?aeaiea aoeeaia: ii aaaeeo n ai?u ii ai?y/ei
eaiiyi, eioi?ua iaaeeaatho aio iiao. Eae ieacaeinue, iacaaeieai
ia?aae iiuoii yoio /aeiaae /eoae eieaeeo i aoeeaiao e
aoeeaie/aneeo ecaa?aeaieyo.

Ai a?aiy auno?iai nia iica ?aaioaao i/aiue aeoeaii. Ii anee
yoi oae, oi iiaeii iaeeaeaoue ia oieueei iaeieo oaioanoe/aneeo,
aanii?yaei/iuo niiaeaeaiee, ii e iunee-

oaeueiie ?aaiou – iaae oai, i /ai /aeiaae aeoiae aeiai. Iniaaiii
yoiai iiaeii iaeeaeaoue a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea /aeiaae aeoiaao
iaae eaeie-oi i?iaeaiie, o?oaeiui aii?inii ia iaeei e ia aeaa
aeiy. Iiaeao auoue ai nia iu niiniaiu i?iaeieaeaoue naie
?aciuoeaiey e iaeoe ?aoaiea?

Iiaeai! E a yoii iao ie/aai ienoe/aneiai. A niiaeaeaieyo
iaoaiaoeee ?aoaee caaea/e, eiiiiceoi?u aeiienuaaee iocueo, iiyou
ni/eiyee noeoe. Ciaiaieoue o?aioeocneee iaoaiaoee A. Ioaiea?a
ooaa?aeaeae, /oi ieiaei-

oai?iua eaeae o iaai aicieeaee a iieoniiiii ninoiyiee. Iaiaoeeee
oeiee O. A. Eaeoea oaeaeae ai a?aiy nia no?oeoo?ioth oi?ioeo
aaiciea, i eioi?ie iiiai aeoiae aeiai.

Iaeioi?ua ethaee iaaeoiuaatho neiaeiua i?iaeaiu ia?aae niii e
oo?ii eee ii/ueth ia?aaeei iieo/atho eo ?aoaiea. Auei i?iaaaeaii
ianeaaeiaaiea iineae/ae. Ii/oe /aoaa?oue ec ieo ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi
ai nia eiiaaea ?iaeaeaeenue iieaciua aeey ?aaiou iunee. Ana yoe
i?eia?u naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi e a niiaeaeaieyo ?aaioa
iicaa iiaeao auoue aiieia iniuneaiiie.

Anee au /eoaaoa i/aiue eioa?anioth eieao eee n oaea/aieai iaae
/ai-oi ?aaioaaoa, nii i?iiaaeaao. I?e/eiu caeanue a oii, /oi a
ei?a aieiaiiai iicaa aicieeaao noieeee i/aa aicaoaeaeaiey. Eiiio
/aeiaaeo iaeaaei oniooue, anee ei iaeaaeaaaao eaeia-eeai neeueiia
/oanoai – ?aaeinoe, o?aaiae, no?aoa, – e a yoii neo/aa a ei?a
iicaa aicieeaao noieeee i/aa aicaoaeaeaiey – nia iao. Eiaaea
/aeiaae ana-oaee oniao, i/aa ii?ie inoaaony naycaiiui n ia/aoie
aeiai iuneaiiie ?aaioie, ii i?iaeieaeaao ooieoeeiie?iaaoue e ai
nia, i?e/ai iineieueeo iicao a yoi a?aiy ia iaoatho iinoi?iiiea
?acae?aaeaiey, ?aaioa yoa iiaeao auoue aieaa yooaeoiie.

Aio iaeii ec iauyniaiee aiciiaeiinoe oinoaaiiie ?aaiou ai nia.
E oaeay ?aaioa, enoaoe aiai?y, iiaeao i?eaanoe e oai aea
ioeai/iui oiicaeeth/aieyi: niiaeaeaiea “i?aaeneacaei” aoaeouaa
ioe?uoea. A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ia?aae iaie caaa?oaiea eaeie-eeai
iunee ia aeiai, a a oi a?aiy, eiaaea /aeiaae nieo, ii iica aai
i?iaeieaeaao aeoeaii ?aaioaoue.

Aeiiic.

A iauaeaiiii niciaiee aeiiic /anoi naycuaaaony naainaie
eeethceiienoia, oieonieeia e no?ainoaothueo oaee?ia. Oaeiai ?iaea
i?aaenoaaeaiey ioee/athony y?eie c?aeeuiinoueth. Iau/ii iauaeoii
aeiiioeca?a auaaao yeno?aaaaaioiay, e?aneaay annenoaioea eee
ii?aaeaeaiiia iiaenoaaiia eeoei ec ioaeeee. Caeanue aeiiioeca?
/aua anaai eniieuecoao oaeoth oaoieeo: i?enoaeueiue acaeyae e
?ane?uoua iaeueoeu iai?aaeythony e aeacai aeiiioece?oaiiai. Yoi
i?iecaiaeeo iniaaiii neeueiia aia/aoeaiea. Ii ia noieueei ia
aeiiioece?oaiiai, neieueei ia ioaeeeo! Eiiaaea iinea “canuiaiey”
aeiiioece?oaiue caieiaao ai?eciioaeueiia iieiaeaiea e “iiae
aicaeaenoaeai” aeiiioeca?a ia/eiaao iiaeieiaoueny aaa?o. Oeaeue
oaeiai aicaeaenoaey – aeaiiino?aoeey ineoieeiaca. Anee a ?aaeueiinoe
aeiiica iu ia niiiaaaainy, oi a iiaeiaiuo neo/ayo eeethcey
ianiiiaiia – eiiaaea i?e aieiaoaeueiii iaaethaeaiee aeaeiu /a?iua
o?inu ia /a?iii oiia noeaiu, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo iiaeieiaaony
aeiiioece?oaiue.

Naaiaeiy aiooaiea e aeiiic oe?iei eniieuecothony eae ea/aaiua
iaoiaeu. Aeiiic, eae ieoao A. Eii/aa,- yoi iaiau/iia ineoe/aneia
yaeaiea. Inaiaiaeaeaiiua io iaioaeiie c?aeeuiinoe, a eiiaaea aeaaea
io oaeueneoeeaoeee, io ooiaia ienoeoeecia, ii ia ia?anoaao
ii?aaeaoue aiia?aaeaiea e iau/iiai /aeiaaea, e
niaoeeaeenoa-iae?ioeceieiaa naieie no?aiiuie iaoaieciaie e
i?iyaeaieyie. Aeiiic oa?aeoa?ecoaony naiaia?aciui ninoiyieai
noaeaiiiai niciaiey, iiaeiaii nio, i?e eioi?ii aeiiioece?oaiue
oa?yao niiniaiinoue ii?iaeueii aini?eieiaoue eioi?iaoeeth, i?eieiaao
aa iae?eoe/ii, iaaaeaeaaoii ioeaieaaao aa; aai iiaaaeaiea e
aeaaea aaaaoaoeaiua ooieoeee iiae/eiythony eaeayi, i?aaenoaaeaieyi
e eiiaiaeai, iiaeaaaaiui aeiiioeca?ii.

Oa?iei “aeiiic” aaaaeai oioeaiaeneei a?a/ii – oe?o?aii A?aaeii e
i?ienoiaeeo io a?a/aneiai neiaa, icia/athuaai “nii”.
Aeaenoaeoaeueii, aeiiioeca? eae au onuieyao aeiiioece?oaiiai,
aaiaeeo aai a ninoiyiea iaiieiiai nia, ai a?aiy eioi?iai
iineaaeiee neuoeo aiein aeiiioeca?a e auiieiyao aai eiiaiaeu.
Aeiiioece?oaiue iiaeao aeaeaaoueny e auiieiyoue ?acee/iua
aeaenoaey, eioi?ua aio aiooaiu e eioi?ui ii ia nii?ioeaeyaony,
iineieueeo ia aini?eieiaao eo e?eoe/anee.

ssaeaiea, eioi?ia naaiaeiy iu iacuaaai aeiiicii auei ecaanoii
ouny/e eao iacaae. Iai?eia?, aai eniieueciaaee yeeeiu a o?aia
aiaa caei?iauey Aneeaiey. Noaey ii ae?aaiei enoi/ieeai, aieueiua
i?eoiaeeee a yoio o?ai, canuiaee e i?inuiaeenue caei?iauie. Yoio
ea/aaiue nii, aa?iyoii, e aue aeiiicii. Ai a?aiy nia ae?aoeu
aiooaee aieueiui, /oi iie ecea/eeenue. Ec naaaeaiee, aeioaaeoeo aei
ian, iu ociaai, /oi aieueoeinoai aieueiuo neuoaee ii/ueth aieina
eee aea aeaeaee ia?aae niaie ia?ac ioae/eiu, i?eieiay aai ca
naiiai aiaa Aneaeey.

ssaeaiea, iiaeiaiia aeiiico, iaaethaeaaony a ie?a aeeaioiuo. Iii
ecaanoii eae yenia?eiaio – /oaei Ee?oa?a. Aiacaiiia ia?aai?a/eaaiea
eyaooee, ioeoeu eee ae?oaiai iaeeiai aeeaioiiai ia nieio aucuaaao
iieioth iaiiaeaeaeiinoue. A yoie iica aeeaioiia inoaaony a
oa/aiea ianeieueeeo ieioo, a eiiaaea e /ania. I?eeiniiaaiea e
iaeioi?ui ianaeiiui oaeaea iaacaeaeaeeaaao eo ia iaeioi?ia a?aiy.
Oaeea yaeaiey iaaethaeathony e a anoanoaaiiie ianoaiiaea: iuoue
“eaiaiaao” n oe?iei ?ane?uouie aeacaie ia?aae aieiaie ciae,
ioeoea – iaaeaeo eai eioee, eioi?ay aa iieiaea. Yoi yaeaiea
iacuaaaony aeeiaceae (iaacaeaeaeaiiinoueth), oaiaoicenii (iiaeiaeai
nia?oe) eee eaoaeaineae (aineiaie aeieinoueth).

Yoi naiaia?aciay aeieiae/aneay caueoa, eai a oaeie neooaoeee
aeeaioiia iiaeao aini?eieiaoueny eae iaaeeaie i?aaeiao eee eae
ia?oaia, /oi oaaee/eaaao aai oainu ia auaeeaaiea. A yoii neo/aa
iiaeii aiai?eoue i ianneaiie caueoiie ?aaeoeee. Ia?aiay nenoaia,
iiaeaa?aoayny aeaenoaeth neeueiiai ?acae?aaeeoaey, niaeanii E. I.
Iaaeiao, ia?aoiaeeo a ninoiyiea cai?aaeaeueiiai oi?iiaeaiey. Yoi
caueoiay ?aaeoeey ii ioiioaieth e eeaoeai ia?aiie nenoaiu e eo
ooieoeeyi.

O/anoea ?acee/iuo a?oii ia?aiuo eeaoie a i?ioeanna aicaoaeaeaiey
ii?aaeaeyao oeaeinoioth aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaiecia. Ia?yaeo n
i?ioeannii aicaoaeaeaiey aeaenoaoao i?ioeann oi?iiaeaiey. Io
niioiioaiey aicaoaeaeaiiuo e caoi?iiaeaiiuo ia?aiuo eeaoie
caaeneo, iai?eia?, neea nie?auaiey a niioaaonoaothuae iuoa/iie
a?oiia. Io ?ani?aaeaeaiey aicaoaeaeaiey e oi?iiaeaiey a ?acee/iuo
aeaeaaoaeueiuo eeaoeao caaeneo, eaeea iuoa/iua a?oiiu nie?auathony.
A ?anniio?aiiii iaie neo/aa aeeiacee i?e naa?oneeueiii
?acae?aaeeoaea i?ienoiaeeo oi?iiaeaiea a oao iaeanoyo aieiaiiai
iicaa, eioi?ua naycaiu n aeaeaeaieai. Yoi ii?iaeueiue caueoiue
i?aaieci a ?aaioa ia?aiie nenoaiu, i?aaeio?aiythuee ia?aiua eeaoee
io enoiuaiey e aeaaee. Oaeei ia?acii, aeeiacey a ianoaiiaea
iiauoaiiie iianiinoe, n iaeiie noi?iiu anooiaao eae caueoiia
iiaaaeaiea, a n ae?oaie, ”aueeth/ay” ia?aioth nenoaio, i?aaeio?aiyao
iineaaeithth io iieiiai enoiuaiey.

Oi?iiaeaiea ei?u aieiaiiai iicaa iauyniyao iaoaieci aeiiica
eeoue a iaueo /a?oao. Oioy iaoiaeeea aaaaeaiey a ninoiyiea
aeiiica iiaeao auoue naiie ?aciie, oai ia iaiaa iiaeii
auaeaeeoue neaaeothuea iniiaiua a?oiiu: ia?aay – iaoiaeeea neeueiiai
aicaeaenoaey, ?ac?aaioaiiay ciaiaieoui o?aioeocneei iaa?iiaoieiaii,
ineoeao?ii e aeiiioeca?ii Oa?ei. Ii eniieueciaae oaeea
?acae?aaeeoaee, eae aiacaiiue a?ioio ca nieiie oiai, eiai
niae?aeny aeiiioece?iaaoue, aniuoea ieaiaie ia?aae aai aeacaie eee
iaiaeeaeaiiue oie/ie e iaaeaiea ia ?oee aeiiioeca?a. Yoa oaoieea
a ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie aiaeiae/ia neooaoeeyi, i?eaiaeyuei e
aeeiacee o aeeaioiuo;

aoi?ay iaoiaeeea ninoieo a iaeiiia?aciii iiaoi?aiee aicaeaenoaey:
oeenaoeey aeacaie aeanoyuaai i?aaeiaoa, iaeiiia?aciue ooi eee
oeoay iocuea, iiaeaaeeaaiea eaa eee aeneia ( oae iacuaaaiua iannu
);

o?aouey iaoiaeeea caeeth/aaony a neiaaniii aiooaiee ninoiyiey
?anneaaeaiey, iniaia cia/aiea eiaao naycue n aieinii aeiiioeca?a:
“ Iieiinoueth ?anneaaueoanue! Cae?ieoa aeaca! Au canuiaaoa! Aaee
noaiiayony oyaeaeuie; iiae ?anneaaeaiiuie e oyaeaeuie, au ia
iiaeaoa eo iiaeiyoue! Nae/an au iieiinoueth ?anneaaeaiu, canuiaaoa
e au neuoeoa oieueei iie aiein! Auiieiyeoa ana, /oi y aai
neaaeo!” e o. ae.

Iaeioi?ua iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiey aeiiica ni/aoatho a naaa
aicaeaenoaea aeaoo eee aieaa oaeeo a?oii (iai?eia?, ooiu e
iiaeaaeeaaiey, neiaaniia aiooaiea e iocuea ). ?ane?uoua iaeueoeu e
i?ioyiooua ?oee aeiiioeca?a, eioi?ua aeiiioece?oaiue oeene?oao
acaeyaeii, eiiaaea aeaenoaotho ai?acaei neeueiaa iinoiyiiiai
eiaeeooa?aioiiai ?acae?aaeeoaey. Iie yaeythony oai aeanoii, eioi?ue
“ii?aaeaao”, eae au aiieiuay a naaa neeo aicaeaenoaey
aeiiioeca?a.

Ia oieueei aeano, ii oaea naii iiyaeaiea aeiiioeca?a, eioi?iai
ciatho e aeaeoo, aeaenoaiaaoue eae ?acae?aaeeoaeue, ioiinyueeny e
ia?aie a?oiia. A ea/aaiie i?aeoeea aue oaeie neo/ae: a eeeieeo
ia?aoeeny iaoeeaio n ia?aee/ii eaaie iiae e iioa?ae a iae
/oanoaeoaeueiinoe a oi?ia aeeeiiiai /oeea. Ii ia /oanoaiaae
oeieia, i?e oeaeuaaiee eaeie a iiaa ionoonoaiaaei e?iaioa/aiea.
A n?aaeiaaaeiaie Aa?iia iiaeiaiia yaeaiea n/eoaeinue aa?iui
i?eciaeii anaeaiey aeueyaiea. Naaiaeiy ecaanoii, /oi yoi i?eciae
enoa?e/aneiai iaa?ica. Iinea oniaoiiai naaina aeiiica aieueiie
inaiaiaeeeny io ia?aee/a e /oanoaeoaeueiinoue iiae
ainnoaiiaeeanue. Ii aeaaiaea?ee, ii iii?inee ii aiciiaeiinoe ia
aoiaeeoue e iaio a iaeaoo, iioiio /oi aio noaiiaeony no?aoii e
ii oeaiaiaao. Iicaea ii aiai?ee aieueiui, /oi ii aai iiaieth, yoi
ea/aiea naycaii n aeueyaieueneeie neeaie. Iiaeiaiue yooaeo a
i?aeoeea aeiiica ia yaeyaony ?aaeeinoueth. Ecaanoiinoue
ineoioa?aiaaoa e iaeeaeaiea (aioiaiinoue, aiooaaiinoue) iaoeeaioa
nicaeatho aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey aeey aeiiioe/aneiai naaina.

Aiooaaiinoue iiaeii oneeeoue, anee naain i?iaiaeeoue ai a?aiy
nia. Ai a?aiy naaina oeoei aieinii, eioi?ue caoai iinoaiaiii
oneeeaaaony, i?ieciinyony neiaa aiooaiey. Aa?iyoii, a ae?aaiinoe
yoio niinia aiooaiey eniieueciaaeny ai a?aiy nia a o?aia.

Iaeioi?ua ineoioa?aiaaou i?eiaiytho niioai?iua n?aaenoaa, aeatho
eo eniuooaiui ia?aae naainii, /oiau iaeaa/eoue i?ioeann canuiaiey
e aiooaiey. Ecaanoii, /oi niiiue /aeiaae aieaa aini?eei/ea e
aiooaieth. Iaeiaei yoio i?eai iaaieueii aucuaaao niiiaiey a
niiniaiinoyo aeiiioeca?a.

A ainoi/iuo ?aeeaeyo oe?iei eniieuecothony a?iiaoe/aneea iaei/ee,
eioi?ua, iaaeeaiii nai?ay, enoi/atho i?eyoiue caiao a?iiaoe/aneeo
niie (iaiiieiaao eaaeeei a i?aaineaaiuo oea?eiaiuo ?eooaeao ). Yoi
iaeei ec niiniaia nicaeaiey oiiiaiai iano?iaiey. Ecaanoii, /oi
oeaio? a ei?a aieiaiiai iicaa, “ioaa/athuee” ca ?acee/aiea
caiaoia, yaeyaony /anoueth eeiae/aneie nenoaiu, naycaiiie n
iano?iaieyie e yiioeeyie. Iiyoiio ia neo/aeii oi?ioea aeooe
niiniaiu nicaeaoue iniaoth ianoaiiaeo, iiaeieiaoue iano?iaiea.
Aieaa oiai, yoio aieaa-iaiaa iinoiyiiue eaaeee ?acae?aaeeoaeue
iaeiiai ec aiaeecaoi?ia (niinia, eniieuecoaiue i?e i?eiaiaiee
aoi?ie iaoiaeeee aaaaeaiey a aeiiic), eae e iaeioi?ua ae?oaea
a?iiaoe/aneea niaaeeiaiey, iiaeao ieacuaaoue oeieei-iaaeeeaiaioiciia
aicaeaenoaea ni niioai?iui yooaeoii.

A iaaeaeoia?iaeiii aeo?iaea yenia?eiaioaeueiiai e eeeie/aneiai
aeiiica, ecaeaaaaiii a Oeeaaeaeueoee, iienai niinia aaaaeaiey a
ninoiyiea aeiiica n iiiiuueth eniieueciaaiey aeia?aaioeeyoeee
(aeoaieiai aeuoaiey). Eciaiaiea ia?oeeaeueiiai aeaaeaiey NI a
e?iae, eioi?ia iiyaeyaony /a?ac 3-5 ieioo iinea eioaineaiiai
aeuoaiey, nii?iaiaeaeaaony eciaiaieai aicaoaeeiinoe ia?aiie nenoaiu,
e yoi iaeaa/aao i?ioeann aeiiioece?iaaiey.

Iinea aaaaeaiey a ninoiyiea aeiiica ia/eiaaony ea/aaiia aiooaiea
n oeaeueth ono?aiaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo neiioiiia e ia?aaeeaaiee e
oeo/oaiey naii/oanoaey. A naia a?aiy i?ioanni? *ieaeia nicaeae
oae iacuaaaiue iaoiae aeiiioe/aneiai o?aina iaoeeaioo
i?aaeeaaaeinue aiiaue ia?aaeeoue niauoey, eioi?ua iineoaeeee
i?e/eiie aai aieacie. Ii nouanoao yoio i?ioeann i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie aeiiioe/anee caaeaiioth eniiaaaeue. Oi?ioi ecaanoii, /oi
iaiaeiie?aoii ia?aaeeoia niauoea iinoaiaiii oa?yao naith y?einoue,
a oi a?aiy eae iiaeaaeaiiia, iaio?aaae?iaaiiia, yoo y?einoue
nio?aiyao. A oaeii neo/aa aeaenoaoao ineoieiae/aneee iaoaieci
oniieiaiey, aucuaaaiue aeooaaiui ioe?iaaieai. Aiaeiae/iia
aicaeaenoaea ieacuaaao e oea?eiaiay eniiaaaeue. Oioy niaeanea
aieueiiai ia oaeoth i?ioeaaeo?o i?aaeaa?eoaeueii aa?aony, iiiaea
ec aieueiuo aiai?yo ia eioeiiie noa?a aieaa iiae?iaii, /ai iie
yoi i?aaeiieaaaee. A ?acoeueoaoa eo ineoeea o?aaie?oaony aua
aieueoa. Iiyoiio e iiaeiaiui naainai neaaeoao i?eaaaaoue eeoue a
e?aeieo neo/ayo.

*oi aea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaoaieci, eioi?ue iicaieyao
aeiiioeca?o aiooeoue iaoeeaioo aeiiioe/aneee nii, a caoai iniaua
aeaenoaey, iuouaiey eee ia?aaeeaaiey. Aaineee a?a/ Iania?
(1734-1815), oaeaeaaoeeny iiaeiuie a oi a?aiy enneaaeiaaieyie
iaaiaoecia, a naiae aeenna?oaoeee noi?ioee?iaae iiiyoea “aeeaioiue
iaaiaoeci”, n iiiiuueth eioi?iai iiaeii yeiau eciaiyoue ninoiyiea
i?aaiecia. Ianiio?y ia oi /oi iiaeiaiie neeu ia nouanoaoao,
iiioey?iinoue Iania?a, oaaaeeoaeueiinoue aai aeaiiuo, ioee/iia
aeaaeaiea oaoieeie aeiiica iaania/eee aio ia?iiiue oniao a
ea/anoaa ineoioa?aiaaoa. Ii eniieueciaae iaoiaeeeo aoi?ie a?oiiu,
iai?eia? iaoaeee/aneee oa?ee, aunooiathuee eae iayoiee, eee
e?ooyueeny ia?aae aeacaie aieueiiai aeene.

Ciaiaieoue ia?eaeneee ineoeao? e iaa?iiaoieia Oa?ei (1825-1893),
?aaioaaoee a aieueieoea Naeueiao?ea?,

?anniao?eaae aeiiic eae iaoieiae/aneia yaeaiea o ethaeae, neeiiiuo
e enoa?ee. Enoa?ey yaeyaony iaeiei ec aeaeia iaa?ica, i?e
eioi?ii aieueiua eee aiaaeatho a ninoiyiea, iiaeiaiia
aeiiioe/aneiio o?aino, eee iieo/atho ia?aee/e, eee o ieo
ia?ooaaony ooieoeey i?aaiia /oanoa – ana yoi yaeyaony
?acoeueoaoii naiiaiooaiey e iiaeao auoue auea/aii a oa/aiea
iaeiiai naaina ineoioa?aiee. Oa?ii aue i?aa, ooaa?aeaeay, /oi
aeiiico eaa/a iiaeaeathony enoa?eee, /oi iaaeaeo enoa?e/aneeie e
aeiiioe/aneeie i?iyaeaieyie iiiai iauaai. Aeaenoaeoaeueii, anoue
iiiai caei?iauo ethaeae, eioi?uo o?oaeii aaanoe a ninoiyiea
aeiiica, a oi e aiiaua iaaiciiaeii yoi naeaeaoue a iau/iuo
oneiaeyo. E ana aea ionoonoaea aiooaaiinoe ia iaoieiae/aneia
yaeaiea. Ecaanoiu neo/ae, eiaaea a iaiaeeaeaiiuo neooaoeeyo /aeiaae
noaiiaeony “eae caaeiiioece?iaaiiue”. Iai?eia?, ?aaaiie o/eony
acaeeoue ia aaeineiaaea e aae?oa iaiaeeaeaiii ieacuaaaony ia?aae
eaeei-oi i?aiyonoaeai, e, aianoi oiai /oiau aai iaiaiooue, ii
niio?eo ia i?aiyonoaea e aaeao i?yii ia iaai. Oaeia
“ioeaiaiaiea” a iianiuo neooaoeeyo ianooiaao o ac?ineuo. Iii
aiaeiae/ii aeeiacee o aeeaioiuo e aeieaeii n/eoaoueny ii?iaeueiui
yaeaieai.

Oaea auea oiiiyiooa eaeay E. I. Iaaeiaa i oii, /oi aeiiic – yoi
?aceeoia cai?aaeaeueiia oi?iiaeaiea ei?u aieiaiiai iicaa
aneaaenoaea neeueiiai ?acae?aaeeoaey. Ionthaea noiaenoai
aeiiioe/aneiai nia n ii?iaeueiui niii, i?e eioi?ii oaeaea eiaaony
?aceeoia oi?iiaeaiea. Oi?iiaeaiea iaaethaeaaony e a neo/ayo
aeiiica aeeaioiuo. E. I. Iaaeia a naieo yenia?eiaioao iieacae, /oi
neaaua e iiaoi?ythueany eiaeeooa?aioiua ?acae?aaeeoaee /a?ac
ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy oaeaea i?eaiaeyo e oi?iiaeaieth e canuiaieth.
Eeanne/aneei i?eia?ii yoiai neoaeao nooaeaiou, ae?aiethuea ai
a?aiy neo/iie e iiiioiiiie eaeoeee. Neiaaniia aiooaiea
?anneaaeaiey e nia oaeaea naycaii n oi?iiaeaieai, i?e yoii
inoathony ciiu iiauoaiiie aicaoaeeiinoe, aini?eieiathuea aiein e
i?eeacu aeiiioeca?a.

Iauyniaiey, aeaiiua E. I. Iaaeiaui, ioe?uee aei?iao e iao/iiio
eco/aieth aeiiica. Ia ioaeia ieeaeay yia?aey “iniaiai aeaea” e
iaiai yoie yia?aeae iaaeaeo aeiiioeca?ii e aeiiioece?oaiui. Ana
aeaei a niioiioaiee i?ioeannia aicaoaeaeaiey e oi?iiaeaiey.
Eco/ay oacu nia, E. I. Iaaeia ioe?ue, /oi a oae iacuaaaiie
o?aaieoaeueiie oaca canuiaiey, ii aua ia aeoaieiai nia, eaaeea e
neeueiua ?acae?aaeeoaee aeaenoaotho iaeeiaeiai yooaeoeaii. Ai a?aiy
“ia?aaeienaeueiie” oacu nia neaaua ?acae?aaeeoaee (iai?eia?,
neiaa) aeaenoaotho neeueiaa, a neeueiua (iai?eia?, aieue) – neaaaa.
Yoi iauyniyao, ii/aio neiaa, i?iecianaiiua oaiioii, ieacuaatho oaeie
neeueiue yooaeo ia aeiiioece?oaiiai.

Iaaethaeaiea iieacuaatho, /oi n iiiiuueth aeiiica iiaeii
eciaiyoue ?yae aaaaoaoeaiuo ooieoeee, oaeeo, eae /anoioa ioeuena,
aaee/eia a?oa?eaeueiiai aeaaeaiey e o. ae. ssiiineea o/aiua
iieacaee, /oi aeiiic iiaeao aeeyoue ia aeea?aeth. Eiathony oaeou,
eiaaea iiae aeaenoaeai aeiiica en/acaee aieaaua iuouaiey. Ai
a?aiy ianniaiai aeiiioe/aneiai o?aina a iaeioi?uo ?aeeaeiciuo
naeoao /anoue aa?othueo iaiineo naia naaa ?aiu, ia eniuouaay i?e
yoii aiee. A nia?aiaiiie iaaeeoeeia aeiiic eniieuecoaony aeey
iaacaieeaaiey iaoeeaioia, ia ia?aiinyueo ia?eica. Iineaaeiaaoaee
eiae n iiiiuueth naiiaeiiica iiaoo i?eaanoe naay a ninoiyiea
vita minima (ieieiaeueiie aeecie), i?e eioi?ii /anoioa aeuoaiey
ninoaaeyao iaeei ?ac a iaeio eee ianeieueei ieioo, iiieaeai
iaiai aauanoa, oaiia?aoo?u oaea noaiiaeony iaiiiai ieaea
aeeciaiiie ii?iu.

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