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Iineee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oieaa?neoao

Aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue

Perpetuum mobile

?aoa?ao ii eo?no eiioeaioeee nia?aiaiiiai

anoanoaiciaiey

nooaeaioa a?oiiu Y-61

yeiiiie/aneiai oaeoeueoaoa IiAO

Aoaiiaa Aiae?ay

Iine

1996

Ia?oui. *oi oaeia perpetuum mobile ?

Aa?oieueae. Perpetuum mobile, oi anoue aa/iia aeaeaeaiea. Anee iaeaeo
aa/iia aeaeaeaiea, oi y ia aeaeo a?aieoe oai?/anoao /aeiaa/aneiio …
aeaeeoue ee, aeia?ue iie Ia?oui, aeaeaoue cieioi — caaea/a caiai/eaay,
ioe?uoea, iiaeao auoue, ethaiiuoiia, ii iaeoe perpetuum mobile … I!…

A. N. Iooeei. “Noeaiu ec ?uoea?neeo a?ai?i”

Nia?aiaiiay aeeciue /aeiaaea iaaiciiaeia aac eniieueciaaiey naiuo
?aciiia?aciuo iaoei, iaeaa/athueo aai aeeciue. N iiiiuueth iaoei /aeiaae
ia?aaaouaaao caieth, aeiauaaao iaooue, ?oaeo, i?i/ea iieaciua
eneiiaaiua, ia?aaeaeaaaony e o.ae. Iniiaiui naienoaii iaoei yaeyaony eo
niiniaiinoue niaa?oaoue ?aaioo.

Ai anao iaoaieciao e iaoeiao i?aaeaea /ai niaa?oeoue ?aaioo yia?aey
ia?aoiaeeo ec iaeiiai aeaea a ae?oaie. Iaeuecy iieo/eoue yia?aee iaeiiai
aeaea aieueoa /ai ae?oaiai i?e ethauo i?aa?auaieyo yia?aee, oae eae yoi
i?ioeai?a/eo caeiio nio?aiaiey yia?aee. A nayce n yoei iaeuecy nicaeaoue
aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue, oi anoue oaeie aeaeaaoaeue a eioi?ii a ?acoeueoaoa
i?aa?auaiey yia?aee iaeiiai aeaea a? iieo/aaony aieueoa, /ai auei.

Caeii nio?aiaiey e i?aa?auaiey yia?aee yaeyaony iniiaiui a nia?aiaiiii
anoanoaiciaiee. Yia?aey, yaeythuayny ia?ie aeaeaeaiey iaoa?ee, eiaao
neaaeothuea ioee/eoaeueiua ?aciiaeaeiinoe : iaoaie/aneay, yeaeo?e/aneay,
oaieiaay, iaaieoiay, aoiiiay e ae?. Eaaeaeay ec ieo iiaeao i?aa?auaoueny
ae?oa a ae?oaa, i?e/?i a niaa?oaiii ii?aaeae?iiuo niioiioaieyo, e i?e
yoii eiee/anoai yia?aee inoa?ony iaeciaiiui. Iauaa eiee/anoai yia?aee
caieiooie iaoa?eaeueiie nenoaiu anoue aaee/eia iinoiyiiay, eciaiythony
oieueei ?acee/iua aeaeu yoie yia?aee, eniuouaay acaeiiua i?aa?auaiey.

Caeii nio?aiaiey yia?aee aue noi?ioee?iaai au? a 1748 aiaeo I. A.
Eiiiiiniaui, eioi?ue ienae : “…oae, aaeaee aaea oaoaeao ianeieueei
iaoa?ee, oi oiiiaeeony a ae?oaii ianoa; …Nae anaiauee anoanoaaiiue
caeii i?inoe?aaony e a naiua i?aaeea aeaeaeaiey, eai oaei, aeaeaeouaa
naiath neeith ae?oaia, noieueei aea iiuy o naay oa?yao, neieueei
niiauaao ae?oaiio, eioi?ia io iaai aeaeaeaiea iieo/aao”.

Iiiaea ecia?aoaoaee iuoaeenue iino?ieoue iaoeio — aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue,
niiniaioth niaa?oaoue iieacioth ?aaioo aac eaeeo-eeai eciaiaiee aioo?e
iaoeiu. Ana yoe iiiuoee caeai/eaaeenue iaoaea/ae.

Aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue (eao. perpetuum mobile) — aiia?aaeaaiue, ii
iainouanoaeiue aeaeaaoaeue, eioi?ue iinea ionea aai a oiae niaa?oaao
?aaioo iaia?aie/aiii aeieaia a?aiy. Eaaeaeay iaoeia, aeaenoaothuay aac
i?eoiea yia?aee ecaia, ii enoa/aiee iaeioi?iai i?iiaaeooea a?aiaie
iieiinoueth ec?anoiaeoao eiaaoeeny a iae caian yia?aee ia i?aiaeieaiea
nee nii?ioeaeaiey e aeieaeia inoaiiaeoueny, oae eae i?iaeieaeaiea ?aaiou
icia/aei au iieo/aiea yia?aee ec ie/aai.

Aio eae ienae i cia/aiee aeey /aeiaa/anoaa aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey
caia/aoaeueiue o?aioeocneee eiaeaia? Naaee Ea?ii : “ Iauaa e oeeinioneia
iiiyoea “perpetuum mobile” niaea?aeeo a naaa ia oieueei i?aaenoaaeaiea i
aeaeaeaiee, eioi?ia iinea ia?aiai oie/ea i?iaeieaeaaony aa/ii, ii
aeaenoaea i?eai?a eee eaeiai-ieaoaeue nia?aiey oaeiauo, niiniaiiai
?acaeaaoue a iaia?aie/aiiii eiee/anoaa aeaeaeouoth neeo, niiniaiiai
auaiaeeoue iineaaeiaaoaeueii ec iieiy ana oaea i?e?iaeu, anee au iie a
i?i iaoiaeeeenue, ia?ooaoue a ieo i?eioeei eia?oeee, niiniaiiai,
iaeiiaoe, /a?iaoue ec naiiai naay iaiaoiaeeiua neeu, /oiau i?eaanoe a
aeaeaeaiea anth Anaeaiioth, iiaeaea?aeeaaoue e aani?a?uaii onei?youe a?
aeaeaeaiea. Oaeiai auei au aeaenoaeoaeueii nicaeaiea aeaeaeouae neeu.
Anee au yoi auei aiciiaeii, oi noaei au aaniieaciui eneaoue aeaeaeouoth
neeo a iioieao aiaeu e aicaeooa, a ai?th/ai iaoa?eaea, iu eiaee au
aaneiia/iue enoi/iee, ec eioi?iai iiaee au aaneiia/ii /a?iaoue.”

Aa/iua aeaeaaoaee iau/ii eiino?oe?otho ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey
neaaeothueo i?e?iia eee eo eiiaeiaoeee :

1). iiaeu?i aiaeu n iiiiuueth a?oeiaaeiaa aeioa;

2). iiaeu?i aiaeu n iiiiuueth eaieeey?ia;

3). eniieueciaaiea eieana n iao?aaiiaaoeaathueieny a?ocaie;

4). i?e?iaeiua iaaieou;

5). yeaeo?iiaaiaoeci;

6). ia? eee naeaoue aicaeoo.

Eaeay aa/iiai aeaeaeaiey auea i/aiue iiioey?ia a n?aaeiea aaea.
Iaeaaeaiea oaeei nae?aoii oaeiai aeaeaaoaey eacaeinue aieaa caiai/eaui,
/ai aeaaea eneonnoai aeaeaoue cieioi ec iaae?aaioeaiiuo iaoaeeia.
Iiiaeanoai ethaeae caieiaeinue yoie ia?ac?aoeiie i?iaeaiie. N?aaee ieo
auee aeaaea ethaee n iaieioei ii oai a?aiaiai ia?aciaaieai. Ecaanoii,
/oi iiiaeanoai o?oaeia Iuethoiia niaea?aeao eiino?oeoeee aa/iiai
aeaeaaoaey. A caienyo Eaiia?aei aea Aei/e oiaea auee iaeaeaiu ianeieueei
iaa?ineia perpetuum mobile.

Iaeaieaa /anoi ano?a/athuayny iiaeaeue aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey, aei neo ii?
aic?iaeaeathuayny a ?acee/iuo aa?eaoeeyo aeaaiaea?y ai?a-ecia?aoaoaeyi,
iniiaaia ia i?eiaiaiee eieana n iao?aaiiaaoaiiuie a?ocaie.

E e?ayi eieana i?ee?aieaiu ioeeaeiua iaei/ee n a?ocaie ia eiioeao. I?e
anyeii iieiaeaiee eieana a?ocu ia i?aaie noi?iia aoaeoo ioeeioou
aeaeueoa io oeaio?a, iaaeaee ia eaaie; yoa iieiaeia, neaaeiaaoaeueii,
aeieaeia ia?aoyaeaaoue eaaoth e oai naiui canoaaeyoue eieani a?auaoueny.
Cia/eo, eieani aoaeao a?auaoueny aa/ii, ii e?aeiae ia?a aei oao ii?,
iiea ia ia?ao??ony inue. Oae aeoiae iaecaanoiue ecia?aoaoaeue. Ii yoiai
ia aoaeao i?ienoiaeeoue, e aio ii/aio : oioy a?ocu ia i?aaie noi?iia
anaaaea aeaeueoa io oeaio?a, ii iaecaaaeii oaeia iieiaeaiea, eiaaea
/enei yoeo a?ocia iaiueoa, /ai ia eaaie. Oiaaea nenoaia
o?aaiiaaoeaaaony, neaaeiaaoaeueii, eieani ia aoaeao a?auaoueny, a,
naeaeaa ianeieueei ea/aiee, inoaiiaeony.

Iaeioi?ua ecia?aoaoaee aa/iuo aeaeaaoaeae auee i?inoi aeoeeeaie, eiaei
iaaeoaaaoeie eaaeiaa?ioth ioaeeeo. Iaeiei ec iaeaieaa auaeathueony
“ecia?aoaoaeae” aue iaeee aeieoi? I?oe?aon (ianoiyuay oaieeey —
Aannea?). Ia?ai?iaiaaa iiiaeanoai caiyoee, ii i?eo?e e ecia?aoaieth
aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey. Iniiaiui yeaiaioii aai aeaeaaoaey auei aieueoia
eieani, eioi?ia aoaeoi au ia oieueei a?auaeinue naii niaie, ii e
iiaeieiaei i?e yoii oyae?eue a?oc ia cia/eoaeueioth aunioo. Yoio aeieoi?
eiae iiiaeanoai aunieiiinoaaeaiiuo iie?iaeoaeae, oaeeo eae iieueneee
ei?ieue Aaaono II, eaiaea?ao Aannai-Eannaeueneee. Iineaaeiee
i?aaeinoaaee ecia?aoaoaeth naie caiie e any/anee eniuouaae iaoeio. Yoei
aeaeaaoaeai caeioa?aniaaeny e I?o? I, eioi?ue iiaeoiuaae i aai
i?eia?aoaiee. Iaeiaei I?oe?aon niaeaoaeny i?iaeaaaoue iaoeio ia iaiaa
/ai ca 100000 ?oaeae, ec /aai neaaeoao, /oi ii iieo/ae aanueia ia
iaeaiueeee aeioiae io iaa. Ii aue, iiaeaeoe, naiui oaea/eeaui
aaaioth?enoii, oae eae aacaaaeii i?iaeee aei noa?inoe, iieo/ay iaiaeue
aeioiae io iieaca iaoeiu. Iaeiaei aai “aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue” ieacaeny
aeaeaei ia aa/iui — aai i?eaiaeeee a aeaenoaea a?ao e neoaeaiea, ae??aay
ca eneonii ni?yoaiiue oio?ie.

Ae?oaei i?eia?ii aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey iiaeao neoaeeoue neaaeothuay iaoeia.
Ianei eee aiaea, iaeeoia a ninoae, iiaeieiaaony oeoeeyie nia/aea a
aa?oiee ninoae, a ioooaea ae?oaeie oeoeeyie — au? auoa; aa?oiee ninoae
eiaao ae?eia aeey noiea ianea, eioi?ia iaaeaao ia eiiaoee aeioa,
i?eaiaey aai ai a?auaiea. No?eoaa aiec ianei niiaa iiaeieiaaony ii
oeoeeyi aei aa?oiaai ninoaea. Oaeei ia?acii, no?oy ianea, noaeathuay ii
aeaeiaeo ia eieani, ie ia naeoiaeo ia i?a?uaaaony, e eieani aa/ii
aeieaeii iaoiaeeoueny a aeaeaeaiee… Ii caeanue e?iaony ioeaea : ii/aio
ecia?aoaoaeue aeoiaao, /oi ianei aeieaeii noaeaoue aiec n aa?oiae,
caaiooie /anoe oeoeey ? Eaieeey?iia i?eoyaeaiea, i?aiaeieaa neeo
oyaeanoe, iiaeiyei aeeaeeinoue aaa?o ii oeoeeth; ii aaaeue oa aea
i?e/eia oaea?aeeaaao aeeaeeinoue a ii?ao iaiieoaai oeoeey, ia aeaaay ae
eaiaoue n iaai. Anee aeiionoeoue, /oi a aa?oiee ninoae iieiie aa?oooee
io aeaenoaey eaieeey?iuo nee iiaeao i?ini/eoueny aeeaeeinoue, oi iaaei
aoaeao i?eciaoue, /oi oa aea oeoeee iiaoo ia?aianoe a? ia?aoii a ieaeiee
n iiiiuueth oao aea nee.

Yoio i?iaeo iaiiieiaao ae?oaie, ecia?ao?iiue au? a 1575 aiaeo
eoaeueyineei iaoaieeii No?aaeith Noa?oei, e caoai iiaoi?yaoeeny ai
iiiai/eneaiiuo aa?eaoeeyo. A?oeiaaeia aeio, a?auaynue, iiaeieiaao aiaeo
a aa?oiee aae, ioeoaea iia auoaeaao ec eioea no?o?e, oaea?ythuae a
eiiaoee aiaeyiiai eieana. Aiaeyiia eieani a?auaao oi/eeueiue eaiaiue e
iaeiia?aiaiii aeaeaaao … oio naiue A?oeiaaeia aeio, eioi?ue iiaeieiaao
aiaeo a aa?oiee aae. Aeio iiai?a/eaaao eieani, a eieani — aeio !..

A enoi?ee ecia?aoaiee aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey iaaieo nua?ae ia iineaaeithth
?ieue. Aio i?eia? oaeiai aeaeaaoaey, iienaiiiai a XVII aaea aieneiiii
Aeaeiiii Aeeeainiiii.

Neeueiue iaaieo iiiauaaony ia eieiiea. E iae i?eneiiaiu aeaa iaeeiiiuo
ae?eiaa, iaeei iiae ae?oaei, i?e/?i aa?oiee

eiaao iaaieueoia ioaa?noea a aa?oiae /anoe, a ieaeiee eciaioo. Anee ia
aa?oiee ae?eia iieiaeeoue iaaieueoie aeaeaciue oa?ee, oi aneaaenoaea
i?eoyaeaiey iaaieoii ii iieaoeony aaa?o, iaeiaei, aeieaey aei ioaa?noey,
ii i?iaaeeony a ieaeiee ae?eia , neaoeony ii iaio, iiaeieiaony ii
eiia/iiio cae?oaeaieth e aiiaue iiiaae?o ia aa?oiee ae?eia. Oaeei
ia?acii, oa?ee aoaeao aaaaoue iai?a?uaii, inouanoaeyy oai naiui aa/iia
aeaeaeaiea.

Caeanue n?aco aeaeia any aano?aeiinoue yoiai ecia?aoaiey. Ii/aio oa?ee
aoaeao neaouaaoueny aiec ? Ii neaouaaeny au, anee au aue oieueei iiae
aeaenoaeai neeu oyaeanoe. Ii ia iaai aeaenoaoao iaaieo, eioi?ue oi?iiceo
aai nione, e neaaeiaaoaeueii, oa?ee ia aoaeao eiaoue aeinoaoi/ii yia?aee
aeey oiai, /oiau iiaeiyoueny ii cae?oaeaieth e ia/aoue oeeee nia/aea.

Aieueooth iiioey?iinoue iieo/eea o ecia?aoaoaeae aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey
eaeay niaaeeiaiey aeeiaii-iaoeiu n yeaeo?iiioi?ii. Ana iiaeiaiua i?iaeou
naiaeyony e neaaeothuaio — iaaei oeeau aeeiaii-iaoeiu e yeaeo?iiioi?a
niaaeeieoue ?aii?i, a i?iaiaea io aeeiaii-iaoeiu iiaeaanoe e
yeaeo?iiioi?o. Iinea ia?aiia/aeueiiai eiioeuena iaoeiu ia/ioo
au?aaaouaaoue yia?aeth, e yoi aoaeao i?iaeieaeaoueny aei aaneiia/iinoe.
Caeanue an? naiaeeony e oiio, /oi anee au ia auei o?aiey, iie au
aeaenoaeoaeueii a?auaeenue aa/ii. Ii no?aiii, /oi ecia?aoaoaeyi ia
i?eoiaeeo a aieiao ae?oaie i?iaeo — niaaeeieoue aeaa oeeaa ?aii?i e
aeaoue oie/ie. Ia?aue oeea, a?auaynue, aoaeao aeaeaaoue aoi?ie, a
aoi?ie, a naith i/a?aaeue, niiauaoue yia?aeth ia aeaeaeaiea ia?aiio.

Ana auoai?eaaae?iiua aeaeaaoaee yaeyeenue aeaeaaoaeyie ia?aiai ?iaea, oi
anoue oaeeie aeaeaaoaeyie, eioi?ua ia?ooatho ia?aia ia/aei
oa?iiaeeiaieee. Niaeanii ia?aiio caeiio oa?iiaeeiaieee iu eiaai

Ethaay iaoeia iiaeao niaa?oaoue ?aaioo iaae aiaoieie oaeaie oieueei ca
n/?o iieo/aiey ecaia eiee/anoaa oaieiou Q (oi anoue yia?aee) eee
oiaiueoaiey naiae aioo?aiiae yia?aee (U.

N?aaieoaeueii iaei i?aaei?eieiaeinue iiiuoie nicaeaiey aa/iuo
aeaeaaoaeae aoi?iai ?iaea. Aeey ?aaiou iau/iiai oaieiaiai aeaeaaoaey
iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue iaa?aaaoaeue e oieiaeeeueiee. I/aiue caiai/eaie
eaaeaony caaea/a nicaeaiey oaieiaie iaoeiu, eioi?ay iiaea au niaa?oaoue
iaoaie/aneoth ?aaioo n eniieueciaaieai iaa?aaaoaey.

Iiaeii iiaen/eoaoue, /oi i?e ioeaaeaeaiee ie?iaiai ieaaia oieueei ia
iaeei a?aaeon iiaeii iieo/eoue yia?aeth, aeinoaoi/ioth aeey iaania/aiey
anao iio?aaiinoae /aeiaa/anoaa i?e nia?aiaiiii o?iaia a? iio?aaeaiey ia
14000 eao.

Aiciiaeiinoue nicaeaiey oaeie iaoeiu, iacuaaaiie aa/iui aeaeaaoaeai
aoi?iai ?iaea, ia i?ioeai?a/eo ia?aiio caeiio oa?iiaeeiaieee. Iaeiaei
ana ecaanoiua ia naaiaeiy ?acoeueoaou iiuoia naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii,
/oi nicaeaiea aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey aoi?iai ?iaea, yaeyaony noieue aea
ia?ac?aoeiie caaea/ae, eae e ecaioiaeaiea aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey ia?aiai
?iaea. Yoio iiuoiue oaeo i?eiyo a oa?iiaeeiaieea a ea/anoaa aoi?iai
iniiaiiai iinooeaoa – aoi?iai caeiia oa?iiaeeiaieee.

Oaieiia?aaea/a naiii?iecaieueii i?ienoiaeeo oieueei a iaeiii iai?aaeaiee
– io ai?y/aai oaea e oieiaeiiio. Cia/eo, /oiau yia?aey oaieiaiai
aeaeaeaiey iieaeoe aiaeu ie?iaiai ieaaia i?aa?aoeeanue a iaoaie/aneoth
yia?aeth, iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue ?aai/aa oaei, oaiia?aoo?a eioi?iai ieaea
oaiia?aoo?u aiaeu a ieaaia.

Ec yoiai neaaeoao, /oi iainouanoaei oa?iiaeeiaie/aneee i?ioeann, a
?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai i?ienoiaeeea au ia?aaea/a oaiea io iaeiiai oaea e
ae?oaiio, aieaa ai?y/aio, aac eaeeo-eeai ae?oaeo eciaiaiee a i?e?iaea.
Eia/a aiai?y, iaaiciiaeii iino?ieoue ia?eiaee/anee aeaenoaothuoth
iaoeio, eioi?ay iai?a?uaii i?aa?auaea au oaieioo a ?aaioo oieueei ca
n/?o ioeaaeaeaiey iaeiiai oaea, aac oiai /oiau a ie?oaeathueo oaeao ia
i?iecioei iaeiia?aiaiii eaeeo-eeai eciaiaiee.

Oece/aneee niune aoi?iai caeiia oa?iiaeeiaieee caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi
yia?aey oaieiaiai aeaeaeaiey iieaeoe aauanoaa a iaeiii ioiioaiee
ea/anoaaiii ioee/aaony io anao ae?oaeo aeaeia yia?aee – iaoaie/aneie,
yeaeo?e/aneie, oeie/aneie, yaea?iie e o.ae. Yoi ioee/ea caeeth/aaony a
oii, /oi yia?aey ethaiai aeaea, e?iia yia?aee oaieiaiai aeaeaeaiey
iieaeoe, iiaeao iieiinoueth i?aa?aoeoueny a ethaie aeae yia?aee, a oii
/enea a yia?aeth oaieiaiai aeaeaeaiey. Yia?aey aea oaieiaiai aeaeaeaiey
iieaeoe iiaeao eniuoaoue i?aa?auaiea a ethaie ae?oaie aeae yia?aee eeoue
/anoe/ii. A ?acoeueoaoa yoiai ethaie oece/aneee i?ioeann a eioi?ii
i?ienoiaeeo i?aa?auaiea eaeiai-eeai aeaea yia?aee a yia?aeth oaieiaiai
aeaeaeaiey iieaeoe, yaeyaony iaia?aoeiui i?ioeannii, o.a. ii ia iiaeao
auoue inouanoae?i iieiinoueth a ia?aoiii iai?aaeaiee.

Ia?iaoooi iiaeea – aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue – ?iiaioe/aneay ia/oa
iiaeaeaeieeia, iuoaaoeony aeaoue /aeiaa/anoao aani?aaeaeueioth aeanoue
iaae i?e?iaeie, aiaeaeae?iiue enoi/iee iaiaauaiey aeey oa?eaoaiia e
aaaioth?enoia; nioie, ouny/e i?iaeaeoia, oae ieeiaaea ia inouanoae?iiuo;
oeo?ioiiua iaoaieciu, eioi?ua, eacaeinue, aio-aio aeieaeiu auee
ca?aaioaoue, ii ii/aio-oi inoaaaeenue a iaiiaeaeaeiinoe; ?acaeoua
noaeueau oaiaoeeia, iaiaiooua iaaeaaeaeu iaoeaiaoia… Ii ec-ca /aai an?
yoi i?ienoiaeeei ? Ec-ca iaciaiey yeaiaioa?iuo oece/aneeo caeiiia, ec-ca
aeaeaiey ec ie/aai iieo/eoue an?. Aei neo ii? a iaoaioiua ath?i
iinooiatho cayaee n ono?ienoaaie, eioi?ua ii nouanoao yaeythony aa/iuie
aeaeaaoaeyie. Aeaeeii, a naiie eaeaa aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey e?iaony eaeay-oi
oaeia, /oi-oi, /oi canoaaeyao ethaeae eneaoue e eneaoue aai nae?ao. Ii,
aeaeii oae ono?iai /aeiaae…

Eeoa?aoo?a

Eoae-?oaeia? O. Aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue. I., 1922.

Eaaa?aeei I. O. Oeceea : Ni?aai/iua iaoa?eaeu. I., 1991.

E?aoeee Iieeoaoie/aneee Neiaa?ue. I., 1956.

I?ae-Ouethi A. Aa/iia aeaeaeaiea. I., 1980.

Ia?aeueiai ss. E. Caieiaoaeueiay oeceea. I., 1991.

Aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue, eee perpetuum mobile
_______________________________________ No?aieoea PAGE 2

A’ = Q – (U.

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