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Поверхневі напівпровідникові хвилі в напівпровідникових структурах

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I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

Eo?niaa ?iaioa c caaaeueii? o?ceee ia oaio:

“Iiaa?oiaa? aeaeo?iiaai?oi? oaee? a iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo

e?enoaeao.”

Ee?a – 1998

Ieai.

Anooi.

Oai??y iioe/ieo eiinoaio.

Ui oaea “Iiaa?oiaaee iiey?eoii”.

Iniiae iaoiaeo IIAA.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ZnO ia nao??? iaoiaeaie ?* niaeo?ineii??.

Iiaa?oiaa? iiey?eoiie a nooeoo?? ZnO ia nao???.

Aeniiaee.

Canoinoaaiiy iaoa??ae?a ?iaioe a na?aaei?e oeie?.

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oaoaoo?e.

Anooi.

Iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a no/anii? o?ceee ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai o?ea oa aca?iiae?? iiaa?oiaaeo aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
oaeeue ?io?a/a?aiiiai ae?aiaciio c iiaa?oiath oa oiieeie oa?aie
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a . Iiaa?oiy aieeaa? ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo i?eeaae?a. C ??cieie aniaeoaie o?ceee iiaa?oi?
iia`ycai? i?iaeaie noai?aiiy ie?ai/ieo aeaiaio?a, iaianaiiy
ci?oeithth/iai iie?eooy, i?oeiino?, ei??ic??, aaeni?aoe?? oa ?i.

I?e aca?iiae?? na?oeiai? oaee? c iiaa?oiath oaa?aeiai o?ea aeieea?
iiaa?oiaaa aeaeo?iiaai?oia oaeey. Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe , ui i?ae
iiaa?oiaaith aeaeo?iiaai?oiith oaeeath ?icoi?thoue oaeeth, iaeneioi yei?
ciaoiaeeoueny ia iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai o?ea ? aiie?ooaea iiey yei?
ciaioo?oueny ii aeniiiaioe?aeueiiio caeiio i?e a?aeaeaeaii? a?ae iaae?
?iciiae?eo na?aaeiaeu. Eaac?/anoeiee, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue oeei
eieeaaiiyi, ui iathoue ci?oaiee aeaeo?iiaai?oii-iaoai?/iee oa?aeoa?,
iaceaathoue iiaa?oiaaeie iiey?eoiiaie (II). Ia caaaeath/e ia aecioe/io
iacao, oe? oaee? iiaeooue aooe ciaeaeai? a ?aieao oaiiiaiieia?/ii?
aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee ye ?ic`aycee ??aiyiue Iaenaaeea aeey iaae? aeaio
na?aaeiaeu . Aeenia?n?y oaeeo iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue a e?enoae?
aecia/a?oueny caeaaei?noth eiai ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? a?ae /anoioe
iaaeath/iai na?oea. I?ae oiiiiii ?icoi?thoue eaac?/anoeieo , ui
a?aeiia?aea? iaoai?/iei eieeaaiiyi ?ao?oee, oiaoi ia??iaee/iei ci?uaiiyi
aoii?a a?aeiinii iieiaeaiiy ??aiiaaae. Ieaciii – oea oaae eaac?/anoeiea,
aea aiia iieno? eieeaaiiy a?eueieo aeaeo?ii?a iaaeiei aaaeeeo ?ii?a. I?e
aeayeeo oiiaao ieaciiie oa oiiiie iiaeooue aca?iiae?yoe.

Oioiie i?e c?oeiaii? c ?aeaaeueii aeaaeeith iaaeath ?icae?eo ia
aca?iiae?thoue aai “ia aa/aoue” iiaa?oiaa? iiey?eoiie ia oe?e iaae?.
sseui ae iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iieeaaeaii i?ecio, aai naia iiaa?oiy
oi?iooaaoa, /e ia ia? iaianaia aeeo?aeoe?eia ?ao?oea, oi iiaa?oiaa?
iiey?eoiie iiaeooue caoaeaeoaaoenue iaaeath/ei oioiiii. Oe? yaeua
iieeaaeaii a iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue. Oaeeie iaoiaeaie
? :

iaoiae iiaeeo?eiaaiiai aaaaoie?aoiiai ii?ooaiiai aioo??oiueiai
a?aeaeaaiiy ;

iaoiae iiaeeo?eiaaiiai iiaiiai aioo??oiueiai a?aeaeooy;

iaoiae eiia?iaoe?eiiai ?icn?yiiy na?oea.

, io?eiaii? c ??aiyiue Iaenaaea, c aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiaiith
aeenia?n??th oaeeue, ui ?iciianthaeaeothoueny a e?enoaeao , aea?
iiaeeea?noue io?eioaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i niaeo? iiaa?oiaaeo caoaeaeaiue
na?aaeiaeua.

Aea?? ea?a?aea e?aii?th a ?ie? iaeiiai c iaoa??ae?a aeey
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiiaeaiee ia?niaeoeaith eiai
aeei?enoaiiy a iai?ai?ia?aeieeia?e i?e?iaeaeo?ii?oe?. Ae?enii, i?eeaaee
ia iniia? ea?a?aeo e?aii?th, caaaeyee eiai oi?eaeueiei o?ceei-o?i?/iei
aeanoeainoyi, iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoe a oaeeo aaeocyo iaoee ? oaoi?ee,
aea iio??aia i?aeaeuaia iaae?ei?noue, ?aae?aoe?eia no?ee?noue, ?iaioa
i?e aenieeo oaiia?aoo?ao.

Aeaeo?io?ce/i? aeanoeaino? ea?a?aeo e?aii?th a?ae/ooii caeaaeaoue a?ae
eiie?aoiiai iie?oeio. Ca?ac a?aeiii iiiaae 200 iiaeeo?eaoe?e ea?a?aeo
e?aii?th.

Iicia/aiiy iie?oei?a a neiaieao ?ainaeaeea neeaaea?oueny ?c oeeo?e, ui
iicia/a? /enei oa??a acaeiaae in? N, oa aoeae I aai R a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oeio e?enoaeo – aaenaaiiaeueiiai /e ?iiaiaae?e/iiai.

SiC. Aiie yaeythoueny oi?ioeie iiaeaeueieie e?enoaeaie aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy II, a oaeiae aieeao ??cieo iiaa?oiaaeo ia?iaie ia
aeanoeaino? II. Ie??i oeueiai, ?aeaaeuei? e?enoaee ea?a?aeo e?aii?th oa
ai?oaen?aeuei? oa?e SiC ia ae?aeaeo?e/ieo i?aeeeaaeeieao ?
ia?niaeoeaieie aeey aeei?enoaiiy ?o a i?e?iaeaeo?ii?oe? oa a
?ioaa?aeuei?e iioeoe?.

1. Oai??y iioe/ieo eiinoaio.

?iciianthaeaeaiiy io/ea i?iiai?a a iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiio e?enoae? iiaea
aooe iienaia ?ica`yceii ??aiyiue Iaenaaeea :

, (1.1)

, ine?eueee a?eueo?noue iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ii aeaeo?e/iei aeanoeainoyi
aeeae/? aei iaoae?a, i?ae aei ae?aeaeo?ee?a.

i?iieeiino? (a?aeiini? aaee/eie, ui ? ooieoe?yie /anoioe)
iai?ai?ia?aeieea ? ai?cio?iiieie oa i?aaenoaaeythoueny oaici?aie
ae?oaiai (aai aeua) ?aia?a.

Ine?eueee

,

oi:

), oiio

(1.2)

.

Iaeiei ?c iiaeeeaeo ?ica`yce?a ??aiyiiy (1.2) aeey aaeoi?a iai?oaeaiino?
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ?

(1.3)

– eooiaa /anoioa. ?ica`ycie (1.3) caaeiaieueiy? (1.2) i?e oiia?

(1.4) a oea caaeiaieueiy? eiiieaeniiio iieacieeo caeiieaiiy

(1.5)

– c ?ioi? , i?eeia? aeaeyae

(1.6)

aai i?ney ?icae?eaiiy ae?enii? oa oyaii? /anoeie

, (1.7)

– eiao?oe??io i?e oyai?e /anoei?. Nie?ath/enue ia oiiao i?e/eiiino?
iiaeia caienaoe oi?ioee, ui iia`ycothoue n i k iaeia c iaeiei :

(1.8)

. (1.9)

Oea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy E?aia?na-E?ii?aa.

Oaia?, i?aenoaaeaoe (1.4) oa (1.5) a (1.3), ciaeaeaii

aaee/eio

, (1.10)

oea eiao?oe??io iiaeeiaiiy , /enaeueii ??aiee iaa?iai?e oiauei? oa?o
iai?ai?ia?aeieea, a yeiio ?ioaineai?noue aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee?
ciaioo?oueny a e ?ac. E??i aieiaiiai iieacieea iiaeeiaiiy

, (1.11)

, i?e aeayeeo iaoai?ciao aca?iiae?? aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee? ? ?a/iaeie
iiaeooue aeieeaoe iniaeea? aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe , eio?? ae?aaeathoue
oi?ioeith

, (1.12)

2. Ui oaea “iiaa?oiaaee iiey?eoii”.

Oa?i?i “iiey?eoii” aoa aaaaeaiee o 1957 ?. Oaio?eaeii aeey iicia/aiiy
ii?iaeueii? oaee? a e?enoae?. I?ci?oa Aa?aiiae/ aeei?enoaa eiai ye
nei?i/aiee aea?aaeaio oa?i?ia “ii?iaeueia aeaeo?iiaai?oia oaeey a
na?aaeiaeu?”, oiaoi ieinea iiiio?iiaoe/ia aeaeo?iiaai?oia oaeey a
iane?i/aiiiio e?enoae?, ui caaeiaieueiy? iae?ineii?/iei ??aiyiiyi
Iaenaaeea.

Ia i?aeoeoe? oa?i?i “iiey?eoii” iaea?eueo /anoi aeei?enoiaothoue, eiee
/anoioa aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee? iiiaaea? a ie?e aeeiieueii aeoeaiiai
ia?aoiaeo a e?enoae?. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aca?iiae?y aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
iiey c aeacaiei eiie?aoiei ia?aoiaeii ? aeineoue y?ei ae?aaeaiith ? oea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei “ci?ooaaiiy” aca?iiae?th/eo i?aenenoai –
aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oa “iaoai?/ii?” (eieeaaiiy aeaeo?ii?a aai yaea?).

Iiaeia oaeiae aiai?eoe i?i iiey?eoiie o aeiaaeeo ia o?eueee e?enoae?a,
aea e ??aeei ? iaa?oue aac?a, iaeia/a oa?aeoa?i? i?iyae aoaeo?a
ci?ooaaiiy c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie aeeiieueii aeoeaieie ia?aoiaeaie ooo
niinoa??aaoe neeaaei?oa ( a??aeeiao aiane?aeie aaeeeiai caoooaiiy, a
aacao – a?aeiinii iaei? eiioeaio?aoe?? /anoeiie ?a/iaeie oa ?i.). Aeae?,
aiai?y/e i?i na?aaeiaeua, c yeei ca`ycaii caoaeaeaiiy iiey?eoii?a ,
aoaeaii iaoe ia oaac? e?enoae?/ia na?aaeiaeua (iiiie?enoae). I?e
eaaioiaiio iienaii? oa?i?i “iiey?eoii” a?aeiinyoue /ano?oa anueiai ia
aei naii? aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee? , a aei a?aeiia?aeii? eaac?/anoeiee –
eaaioo aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey a na?aaeiaeu?.

O aeiaaeeo iaiaaeaiiai e?enoaea aeieea? iiaeeea?noue ?nioaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue ?ioiai oeio – aaaeo/eo ii iiaa?oi? , ui ia
caaeeaeththoueny a e?enoae ? ? i?ae “i?ea`ycaieie” aei iiaa?oi?.
Oae?oaee? eia?/ii iacaaoe “iiaa?oiaaeie” ia i?ioeaaao “ia`?iiei”, ui
?niothoue o aeeaei? e?enoaea ? ia a?ae/oaathoue aieeao eiai iiaa?oi?.
A?aenooi?noue aoaeoo ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa ?icieeaaiiy, aeeo?aeoe?? o
iai?yieo, ii?iaeueiiio aei iiaa?oi? e?enoaea, aaoiiaoe/ii aeeeeea? ca
niaith caoooaiiy iiey acaeiaae ii?iae? aaeea e?enoaea. A oeueiio oaeiae
i?iyaey?oueny iiaa?oiaaee oa?aeoa? oaee? .

? k. Oeae aca?iica`ycie iaceaathoue caeiiii aeenia?n?? aeey aeaii?
oaee?.

Ioaea, iiaa?oiaaee iiey?eoii ? ii?iaeueiith iiaa?oiaaith
aeaeo?iiaai?oiith oaeeath a e?enoae?. Oa?i?i “ii?iaeueia” icia/a? , ui
oaeey caaeiaieueiy? iae?i??aiyiiyi Iaenaaeea. Iaeiae aeaeo?iiaai?oia
iiea iiaeeco a?aieoe? e?enoaea iiaeiia caaeiaieueiyoe oaeiae a?aeiiei
a?aie/iei oiiaai, ye? ca`ycothoue eiiiiiaioe aaeoi??a iiey ii iaeaea?
noi?iie a?ae a?aieoe?. Ca?aene aeieeaa? oa, ui iiea ciai? e?enoaea, a
na?aaeiaeu?, ui a?aie/eoue c e?enoaeii, oaeiae a?aei?iia a?ae ioey.
Iiaa?oiaaee oa?aeoa? oaee? icia/a? a?aenooi?noue aoaeo?a
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ? a iai?yi? ciai?oiuei? ii a?aeiioaiith aei e?enoaeo
ii?iae? aei eiai iiaa?oi? ? caoooaiiy iiey II a oeueiio iai?yi?.

Oaeei /eiii, iiea II eieae?ciaaii ii iaeaea? noi?iie a?ae iiaa?oi?
e?enoaea ? caoooa? i?e a?aeaeaeaii? a?ae ia? a aeia?eueio noi?iio. Iio?e
aia?a?? aeey oaee? II ? oaiaaioe?aeueiei aei iiaa?oi? e?enoaea.

3. Iaoiae ii?ooaiiai iiaiiai a?aeaeaaiiy (IIAA)

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo iiey?eoii?a a iai?ai?ia?aeieeao oa
ae?aeaeo?eeao i?iaiaeeoueny ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a iiaiiai
aioo??oiueiai a?aeaeaaiiy (IIAA), ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo aeaeo?ii?a , a
oaeiae eiia?iaoe?eiiai ?icn?yiiy na?oea (E?N). An? oe? iaoiaee caniiaai?
ia ??cieo o?ce/ieo yaeuao oa iathoue ?cio oi/i?noue. Oei ia iaio, an?
aiie aeiiiaiththoue iaeei iaeiiai oa aeicaieythoue aea/aoe niaeo?e
iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue a oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? aeiaaeei oaeeue.

, (3.1)

aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith

, (3.2)

– aeiaaeeia oaee? na?oea a na?aaeiaeu? 1.

. sseui i?e oeueiio a?aie/ia na?aaeiaeua ? iiaeeiath/ei , oi iiaiiai
aioo??oiueiai a?aeaeaaiiy ia a?aeaoaa?oueny (R>1, ia?ii aeenia?n?ei? caeaaeiino? aeey eiaeii? c a?aieoeue.

noaiiaeoueny ii?yaeea iaeeieoe? aai iaioa ??, /anoioe an?o a?eie
ci?iththoueny c? ci?iith d. Iiaeia aiai?eoe eeoa i?i ci?oai? iiaa?oiaa?
ieaciii-oiiiii? iiaee nenoaie.

Oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oiaaeo oa iia?aie/ieo iiey?eoii?a iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeey aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae oiieeo ie?aie (cie?aia,
ai?oaen?aeueieo oa??a).

Ia aeaiiiio yoai? aeine?aeaeaiue oiieioa?iaeo no?oeoo? iaoiaeii
iiey?eoiiii? niaeo?ineii?? aeineoue aeooaeueiei ? ?icaeyae nenoai
ai?cio?iiiee oa? ia ?cio?iii?e oa ai?cio?iii?e i?aeeeaaeoe?.

Iaeiae a?aeiii, ui iaieeaiiy ie?aee ia iiaa?oith ieaaeaiiai eaa?oeo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?i a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? eaa?oeo, ui ia aea?
iiaeeeaino? oi/ii a?aooaaoe oe? iniaeeaino? i?e ?ic?aooieo niaeo??a CA e
II. *anoioe i?iaeieueieo oa iiia?a/ieo iioe/ieo oiiii?a aecia/athoueny
c niaeo??a ?* a?aeaeaaiiy ie?aie ia i?aeeeaaeeao e?aii?y oa iaoaea, ui
cia/ii ciaioo? oi/i?noue iiaeaethaaiiy nenoaie. A ?aaioao ia
a?aoiaoaaeanue iiaeeeaa iayai?noue aenieeo eiioeaio?aoe?e iin??a
ca?yae?a, eio?? oaeiae ?noioii aieeaathoue ia /anoioo e caoooaiiy II.
Oiio i?aaenoaaeyaoueny ia?niaeoeaiei aeine?aeaeaiiy ieenoe oeeiea ia
eaeeinaio??iaeo i?aeeeaaeeao .

Nenoaia oa? ieeno oeeieo ia naio??? ia? iiaa?oiaa? oa a?aie/i?
iiey?eoiie oa?o oa i?aeeeaaeee, aca?iiae?y i?ae yeeie i?iyaey?oueny a
aeenia?n?eieo caeaaeiinoyo, i?inoi?ia?e no?oeoo?? iie?a oa eiao?oe??ioao
caoooaiiy a?aie/ieo oa iiaa?oiaaeo eieeaaiue.

, ia yeeo io?eiothoueny oa?e c aenieith ?ooeea?noth iin??a ca?yae?a.

Oiie? oaenoo?iaai? ie?aee ieeno oeeieo ciaoiaeyoue oe?iea canoinoaaiiy a
iioiaeaeo?ii?oe?. Aa??thth/e oiiae ?o neioaco, aeei?enoia?oth/e ioaeea
oa eaaoaaiiy, iiaeia io?eiaoe ie?aee c ieoiiei iii?ii a?ae 10-4 aei 1011
Om.cm. Aeei?enoaii neeueiieaaiaai? ?iae??i, aethi?i??i, aae??i oa?e
ieeno oeeiea ia i?aeeeaaeoe? naio??o, io?eiai? iaoiaeii ieaciio?i?/iiai
inaaeo c aaciai? oace c aeei?enoaiiyi aenieieaoth/eo iaoaeeii?aai?/ieo
niieoe aaoaaeeeaoiiao?a oeeieo, ?iae?th, aethi?i?th oa aae?th. Aeacaiee
iaoiae aeicaieea cieceoe oaiia?aoo?o iaa??ao i?aeeeaaeee aei 100-1500N
a ii??aiyii? c oaiia?aoo?aie 350-4500N i?e aeei?enoiaoaaii? iaoiaeo
oa?i?/iiai ?ieeaaeo. Io?eiai? oa?ee ieeno oeeieo ia naio???
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue iaoiaeaie niaeo?ineii?? iiaa?oiaaeo iiey?eoii?a.
Niaeo?e IIAA II a ae?aiacii? 400-1400 cm-1 io?eiai? ia niaeo?iiao??
EEN-29 c i?enoaaeith IIAI-2 oa aeaiaioii IIAA c E?N-5. I?e ?ic?aooieao
niaeo??a IIAA II oa aeenia?n?eieo caaeaaeiinoae II aeei?enoaii iiaeaeue
nenoaie aeoeaiee oa? ia aeoeai?e i?aeeeaaeoe? . I?e ?ic?aooieao
aeei?enoaii i???ioaoe?th nenoaie A(N oa oo||C, aea N- iioe/ia a?nue oa?o
oa i?aeeeaaeee .

=480 cm-1 ci?ie a niaeo?ao II i?iyaeythoueny o?eueee a iaeano? /anoio
386 oa 629 cm-1 , i?e oeueiio niaeo? a?ey /anoioe 629 cm-1 aeaui
?icoe?th?oueny.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo iiey?eoii?a (II) nenoaie oa? ZnO
ia naio???. Aea/aii iiaa?oiaa? oiiiii? oa ieaciii-oiiiii? iiey?eoiie
(IOI e IIOI) oiieeo oa??a ieeno oeeieo a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiaueiu oa?o
oa eiioeaio?aoe?? iin??a ca?yae?a a oa??. I?e oiaueiao oa?o ii?yaeeo
0.01-6 (m aeenia?n?eia caeaaei?noue iiaa?oiaaeo iiey?eoii?a ia?
aeniei/anoioio oa iecueei/anoioio a?eee. Aeniei/anoioia a?eea oiiiiieo
II nenoaie i?iyaey?oueny a niaeo?ao IIAA II a ae?aiacii? /anoio 571-600
nm-1, a iecueei/anoioia – a ae?aiacii? 443-483 nm-1. I?e ciaioaii?
oiaueie oa?o ieeno oeeieo a?ae 1 (m aei 0.01 (m a?aie/i? /anoioe
iecueei/anoioii? a?eee ci?uothoueny a iaeanoue iaioeo /anoio ia 7 nm-1,
a a?aie/i? /anoioe aeniei/anoioii? iiaee ca?eueoothoueny ia 0.2 nm-1.
Aeine?aeaeaii oaeiae aieea oa??aa ieeno oeeieo ??cii? oiaueie ia
aeenia?n?eio caeaaei?noue naio??a. Ca?eueoaiiy oiaueie oa?o ieeno oeeieo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaiueoaiiy a?aie/ii? /anoioe iiaa?oiiaaeo oiiiieo
iiey?eoii?a naio??o. Niaeo?e IIAA oa aeenia?n?ei? caeaaeiino? IOI oa
IIOI nenoaie ?noioii caeaaeaoue a?ae i???ioaoe?? oa??a oa i?aeeeaaeee.
I?aaenoaaey?oueny iiaeeeaei aeei?enoaoe io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?e
aeine?aeaeaii? iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae iiaa?oiino? oa a?aieoeue ?iciiae?eo
ae?aeaeo?ee-iai?ai?ia?aeiee.

6. Aeniiaee.

Iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a no/anii? o?ceee ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai o?ea oa aca?iiae?? iiaa?oiaaeo aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
oaeeue ?io?a/a?aiiiai ae?aiaciio c iiaa?oiath oa oiieeie oa?aie
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a .

I?e aca?iiae?? na?oeiai? oaee? c iiaa?oiath oaa?aeiai o?ea aeieea?
iiaa?oiaaa aeaeo?iiaai?oia oaeey. Eaac?/anoeiee, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
oeei eieeaaiiyi, ui iathoue ci?oaiee aeaeo?iiaai?oii-iaoai?/iee
oa?aeoa?, iaceaathoue iiaa?oiaaeie iiey?eoiiaie (II). I?ae oiiiiii
?icoi?thoue eaac?/anoeieo , ui a?aeiia?aea? iaoai?/iei eieeaaiiyi
?ao?oee, oiaoi ia??iaee/iei ci?uaiiyi aoii?a a?aeiinii iieiaeaiiy
??aiiaaae. Ieaciii – oea oaae eaac?/anoeiea, aea aiia iieno? eieeaaiiy
a?eueieo aeaeo?ii?a iaaeiei aaaeeeo ?ii?a. Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue :

iaoiae iiaeeo?eiaaiiai aaaaoie?aoiiai ii?ooaiiai aioo??oiueiai
a?aeaeaaiiy ;

iaoiae iiaeeo?eiaaiiai iiaiiai aioo??oiueiai a?aeaeooy;

iaoiae eiia?iaoe?eiiai ?icn?yiiy na?oea.

?iciianthaeaeaiiy io/ea i?iiai?a a iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiio e?enoae? iiaea
aooe iienaia ?ica`yceii ??aiyiue Iaenaaeea :

Nopoeoopa ZnO/Al2O3 ciaoiaeeoue oepiea aeeipenoaiiy a iioiaeaeopiiioei.
Aea/aiiy iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae ieiaie ZnO ipiaiaeeeinue a iniiaiiio, o
aeaeeiiio aeeaiaciii. Aeineiaeaeoaaeenue aeaeopioice/ii aeanoeainoi
oapia ieeno oeeieo picii? ipepiaee a caeaaeiinoi aiae oiia ?o iopeiaiiy
oa ciaiioiio aieeaia.

Aeaeopioice/ii aeanoeainoi oiieeo oapia aiaepiciythoueny
aiaeaeanoeainoae iiiiepenoaeia. Iioe/ii aeanoeainoi epenoaeia
caeaaeaoue aiae ?o ?ici???a oa oi?ie. A oiieeo oa?ao iiiie?enoae?a
i?inoi?iaa no?oeoo?a aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo iie?a ia iieno?oueny
ieineith oaeeath.

Aeeniapnieiee aiaeic niaeopia aeicaieea aecia/eoe /anoioe oa
eiaoioei?ioe caoooaiiy oiiiiia oa ieaciiiia, yei ciiiththoueny a
caeaaeiinoi aiae oaoiieiai? ipoeiaiiy oa iapiaee oapia ieeno oeeieo.
A piaioi iieacaii, ui niaeope I* aiaeaeooy ZnO/Al2O3 aeiapa
iiaeaeththoueny ipe aeeipenoaiii /anoio iicaeiaaeieo oa
iiiepa/ieo iioe/ieo oiiiiia (A1) ieeno oeeieo 591 oa 413 nm-1 oa
aeniaeueieo (A1) oiiiiia aiaeiiaiaeii 570 oa 380 nm-1.

7. Canoinoaaiiy o oeie?.

Eiioeaioe?y caaaeueii? na?aaeiuei? ina?oe ia?aaeaa/a? aa??aoeai?noue
ina?oe, ui aeicaiey? iaaeaaia?/iei ?aaeai na?aaei?o oe?e cae?enithaaoe
i?io?eueiaaia iaa/aiiy, aeae?ath/e eiai iai?yi o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei
i?noeaaeo oiia.

Iaoa??aee aeaii? eo?niai? ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a i?ioean?
aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie? oa IOO. Ine?eueee a aeai?e ?iaio?
iiaa eaea i?i iiaee iai?yi a iaeano? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, oi oe?
iaoa??aee iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia niaoe?aeueieo naieia?nueeeo caiyooyo
, i?enay/aieo aeinyaiaiiyi o?ceee, oa ia oaeoeueoaoeaiiio eo?n? o?ceee
(i?e aea/aii? oai “Iai?ai?ia?aeieeia? i?eeaaee” oa “Iiaa a iaooe? ?
oaoi?oe?”). Oea aeicaieeoue o/iyi ?icoe?eoe na?e e?oaici? oa
iciaeiieoeny c no/anieiei iai?yiaie iaoee.

A IOO (a iaa/aeueiiio eo?n? yeeo i?enooi? i?aaeiaoe, iia`ycai? c
iaoa??aeiciaanoaii) a?aee?eaathoueny a?eueo oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey
aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo a aeai?e ?iaio?.

E?oa?aoo?a.

1. Aeieo?oe I.E., Eeoia/aiei A.A., No?eaeaaneee A.E. Iiaa?oiinoiua
iiey?eoiiu e a iieoi?iaiaeieeao e aeeaeaeo?eeao.// E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea
,1989.

2. Ooaiia TH.E. Iioe/aneea naienoaa iieoi?iaiaeieeia. I.: Iaoea, 1977.

3. Aaiaa? A.O., Iaeueie/oe A.A., Iana/iee TH.A.,Nooaiei A.E.
Enneaaeiaaiea no?oeoo?u ieenue oeeiea ia naioe?a iaoiaeaie EE
niaeo?ineiiee.

4. Aaiaa? A.O., Iaeueie/oe A.A., Iana/iee TH.A.,Nooaiei A.E.

Iiaa?oiinoiua iiey?eoiiu a nenoaia ZnO ia naioe?a.

PAGE 27

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