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Niaea?aeaiea

Aaaaeaiea

O?aaiaiea aeaeaeaiey iaoaiaoe/aneiai iayoieea

Ia?eiae eieaaaiee

Auaiaeu

Eeoa?aoo?a

Aaaaeaiea

Nae/an oaea iaaiciiaeii i?iaa?eoue eaaaiaeo i oii, eae Aaeeeae, Noiy ia
iieeoaa a niai?a, aieiaoaeueii iaaethaeae ca ea/aieai a?iiciauo ethno?.
Iaaethaeae e ii?aaeaeye a?aiy, cao?a/aiiia ethno?ie ia aeaeaeaiea ooaea
e ia?aoii. Yoi a?aiy iioii iacaaee ia?eiaeii eieaaaiee. *ania o Aaeeeay
ia auei, e, /oiau n?aaieoue ia?eiae eieaaaiee ethno?, iiaeaaoaiiuo ia
oeaiyo ?aciie aeeeiu, ii eniieueciaae /anoioo aeaiey naiaai ioeuena.

Iayoieee eniieuecotho aeey ?aaoee?iaee oiaea /ania, iineieueeo ethaie
iayoiee eiaao aiieia ii?aaeae?iiue ia?eiae eieaaaiee. Iayoiee iaoiaeeo
oaeaea aaaeiia i?eiaiaiea a aaieiae/aneie ?acaaaeea. Ecaanoii, /oi a
?aciuo ianoao caiiiai oa?a cia/aiey g ?acee/iu. ?acee/iu iie iioiio, /oi
Caiey — ia aiieia i?aaeeueiue oa?. E?iia oiai, a oao ianoao, aaea
caeaaatho ieioiua ii?iaeu, iai?eia? iaeioi?ua iaoaeee/aneea ?oaeu,
cia/aiea g aiiiaeueii auniei. Oi/iua ecia?aiey g n iiiiuueth
iaoaiaoe/aneiai iayoieea eiiaaea iicaieytho iaia?oaeeoue oaeea
ianoi?iaeaeaiey.

O?aaiaiea aeaeaeaiey iaoaiaoe/aneiai iayoieea

Iaoaiaoe/aneei iayoieeii iacuaaaony oyae?eay iaoa?eaeueiay oi/ea,
eioi?ay aeaeaaaony eee ii aa?oeeaeueiie ie?oaeiinoe (ieineee
iaoaiaoe/aneee iayoiee), eee ii noa?a (noa?e/aneee iayoiee). A ia?aii
i?eaeeaeaiee iaoaiaoe/aneei iayoieeii iiaeii n/eoaoue a?oc iaeuo
?acia?ia, iiaeaaoaiiue ia ia?anoyaeeiie aeaeie ieoe.

?anniio?ei aeaeaeaiea ieineiai iaoaiaoe/aneiai iayoieea ii ie?oaeiinoe
?aaeeona l n oeaio?ii a oi/ea I (?en. 1). Aoaeai ii?aaeaeyoue iieiaeaiea
oi/ee I (iayoieea) oaeii ioeeiiaiey ( ?aaeeona II io aa?oeeaee.
Iai?aaeyy eanaoaeueioth M( a noi?iio iieiaeeoaeueiiai ion/?oa oaea (,
ninoaaei anoanoaaiiia o?aaiaiea aeaeaeaiey. Yoi o?aaiaiea ia?acoaony ec
o?aaiaiey aeaeaeaiey

mW=F+N, (1)

aaea F — aeaenoaothuay ia oi/eo aeoeaiay neea, a N — ?aaeoeey nayce.

?enoiie SEQ ?enoiie \* ARABIC 1

O?aaiaiea (1) iu iieo/eee ii aoi?iio caeiio Iuethoiia, eioi?ue yaeyaony
iniiaiui caeiiii aeeiaieee e aeaneo, /oi i?iecaiaeiay ii a?aiaie io
eiee/anoaa aeaeaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiie oi/ee ?aaia aeaenoaothuae ia ia?
neea, o. a.

. (2)

N/eoay ianno iinoiyiiie, iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue i?aaeuaeouaa o?aaiaiea a
aeaea

,

aaea W anoue onei?aiea oi/ee.

Eoae o?aaiaiea (1) a i?iaeoeee ia inue ( aeano iai iaeii ec anoanoaaiiuo
o?aaiaiee aeaeaeaiey oi/ee ii caaeaiiie iaiiaeaeaeiie aeaaeeie e?eaie:

.

A iaoai neo/aa iieo/ei a i?iaeoeee ia inue (

,

aaea m anoue ianna iayoieea.

, ionthaea iaoiaeei

.

Nie?auay ia m e iieaaay

, (3)

aoaeai ieii/aoaeueii eiaoue:

,

,

,

. (4)

?anniio?ei nia/aea neo/ae iaeuo eieaaaiee. Ionoue a ia/aeueiue iiiaio
iayoiee ioeeii?i d/dt(mg)=F io aa?oeeaee ia oaie ( e iiouai aac
ia/aeueiie nei?inoe. Oiaaea ia/aeueiua oneiaey aoaeoo:

. (5)

Ec eioaa?aea yia?aee:

, (6)

aaea V — iioaioeeaeueiay yia?aey, a h — iinoiyiiay eioaa?e?iaaiey,
neaaeoao, /oi i?e yoeo oneiaeyo a ethaie iiiaio a?aiaie oaie (((0.
Cia/aiea iinoiyiiie h ii?aaeaeyaony ii ia/aeueiui aeaiiui. Aeiionoei,
/oi oaie (0 iae ((0(1); oiaaea oaie ( aoaeao oaeaea iae e iiaeii
i?eaeeae?iii iieiaeeoue sin(((. I?e yoii o?aaiaiea (4) i?eiao aeae

. (7)

O?aaiaiea (7) anoue aeeooa?aioeeaeueiia o?aaiaiea i?inoiai
aa?iiie/aneiai eieaaaiey. Iauaa ?aoaiea yoiai o?aaiaiey eiaao aeae

, (8)

aaea A e B eee a e ( nooue iinoiyiiua eioaa?e?iaaiey.

Ionthaea n?aco iaoiaeei ia?eiae (T) iaeuo eieaaaiee iaoaiaoe/aneiai
iayoieea (ia?eiae — i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie, a oa/aiee eioi?iai oi/ea
aica?auaaony a i?aaeiaa iieiaeaiea n oie aea nei?inoueth)

,

o.e. sin eiaao ia?eiae ?aaiue 2(, oi (T=2( (

(9)

Aeey iaoiaeaeaiey caeiia aeaeaeaiey i?e ia/aeueiuo oneiaeyo (5)
au/eneyai:

. (10)

Iiaenoaaeyy cia/aiey (5) a o?aaiaiey (8) e (10), iieo/ei:

(0 = A, 0 = (B,

o.a. B=0. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, caeii aeaeaeaiey aeey iaeuo eieaaaiee i?e
oneiaeyo (5) aoaeao:

( = (0cos (t. (11)

Iaeae?i oaia?ue oi/iia ?aoaiea caaea/e i ieineii iaoaiaoe/aneii
iayoieea. Ii?aaeaeei nia/aea ia?aue eioaa?ae o?aaiaiey aeaeaeaiey (4).
Oae eae

,

oi (4) iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue a aeaea

.

Ionthaea, oiiiaeay iaa /anoe o?aaiaiea ia d( e eioaa?e?oy, iieo/ei:

. (12)

, ioeoaea C = (2cos(0. A ?acoeueoaoa eioaa?ae (12) aea?o:

, (13)

aaea ( ii?aaeaeyaony ?aaainoaii (3).

Yoio eioaa?ae i?aaenoaaeyao niaie eioaa?ae yia?aee e iiaeao auoue
iaiin?aaenoaaiii iieo/ai ec o?aaiaiey

, (14)

(ni. ?en.).

), o.a. iayoiee aoaeao niaa?oaoue eieaaaoaeueiia aeaeaeaiea. Oneiaeiny
ion/eouaaoue a?aiy t io iiiaioa i?ioiaeaeaiey iayoieea /a?ac aa?oeeaeue
OA i?e aai aeaeaeaiee i?aai (ni. ?en.). Oiaaea aoaeai eiaoue ia/aeueiia
oneiaea:

i?e t=0, (=0. (15)

; ecaeaeay ec iaaeo /anoae ?aaainoaa (13) eaaae?aoiue ei?aiue, iieo/ei:

.

?acaeaeyy caeanue ia?aiaiiua, aoaeai eiaoue:

. (16)

Oae eae

,

oi

.

Iiaenoaaeyy yoio ?acoeueoao a o?aaiaiea (16), iieo/aai:

. (17)

*oiau i?ieioaa?e?iaaoue o?aaiaiea (17), ioaeii iaeoe eaaae?aoo?o eaaie
/anoe. Aeey yoiai ia?aeae?i io ( e iiaui ia?aiaiiiio (, iieaaay:

. (18)

Oiaaea

,

ioeoaea

.

E?iia oiai,

.

Iiaenoaaeyy ana yoe aaee/eiu a o?aaiaiea (17) e caiaiyy ( aai cia/aieai
(3), iieo/ei:

. (19)

Ii i?eiyoui ia/aeueiui oneiaeyi (15) i?e t=0 oaie (=0, a
neaaeiaaoaeueii, eae aeaeii ec (18), e (=0. Oiaaea, aa?y io iaaeo /anoae
o?aaiaiey (19) ii?aaeae?iiua eioaa?aeu ni?aaa io 0 aei t, a neaaa io 0
aei (, iieo/ei caeii aeaeaeaiey iayoieea a aeaea

. (20)

Eioaa?ae, noiyuee a eaaie /anoe ?aaainoaa (20), i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
yeeeioe/aneee eioaa?ae ia?aiai ?iaea. Aaee/eia k iacuaaaony iiaeoeai
yeeeioe/aneiai eioaa?aea. Yoio eioaa?ae anoue ooieoeey aa?oiaai i?aaeaea
e iiaeoey, o.a.

. (21)

Anee a ?aaainoaa (21) ?anniao?eaaoue aa?oiee i?aaeae ( eae ooieoeeth io
eioaa?aea u, oi oaeay ooieoeey iineo iacaaiea aiieeooaeu u e
iaicia/aaony oae:

,

eee

. (22)

Aa?y io iaaeo /anoae ?aaainoaa (22) neion, iu iieo/ei:

. (23)

, oi, ia?aoiaey a ?aaainoaa (23) io ( e ( n iiiiuueth oi?ioeu (18),
iaeae?i caeii aeaeaeaiey iayoieea, au?aaeaiiue yeeeioe/aneoth ooieoeeth
sn, a aeaea

. (24)

Ia?eiae eieaaaiee

, oi ec o?aaiaiey (20) eiaai:

. (25)

Oaeei ia?acii, ii?aaeaeaiea ia?eiaea eieaaaiee iayoieea naiaeeony e
au/eneaieth aaee/eiu

, (26)

i?aaenoaaeythuee niaie /aoaa?oue ia?eiaea yeeeioe/aneiai eioaa?aea (21).

Ecaanoii (oi?ioea Aaeeena), /oi

. (27)

?aceaaay a au?aaeaiee (26) iiaeuioaa?aeueioth ooieoeeth a ?yae, iieo/ei:

.

Oiaaea, eniieuecoy oi?ioeo (27), aoaeai eiaoue:

.(28)

Iiaenoaaeyy yoi cia/aiea K a ?aaainoai (25) e o/eouaay, /oi

,

iieo/ei aeey ia?eiaea eieaaaiee ieineiai iaoaiaoe/aneiai iayoieea
au?aaeaiea

. (29)

, iieo/ei i?eaeeae?iiia au?aaeaiea ia?eiaea

. (30)

Auaiaeu

Iieo/aii o?aaiaiea i?inoiai aa?iiie/aneiai eieaaaiey, caeii aeaeaeaiey
aeey iaeuo eieaaaiee, caiei aeaeaeaiey iayoieea /a?ac yeeeioe/aneoth
ooieoeeth.

Iieo/aii au?aaeaiea aeey ia?eiaea eieaaaiee iayoieea.

Eeoa?aoo?a

Aooaieueoe I.I. Iniiaiie eo?n oai?aoe/aneie iaoaieee. I.: Iaoea. 1969.

Ai?iaie A., Oa?oaeiia A. Eieaaaiey e iayoieee. AE. Eaaio. ? 8, 1981.

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