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Шпоры по Финансовому праву РФ

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1. I?aaeiao e iiiyoea oeiainiaiai i?aaa

Inouanoaeaiea oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaa o?aaoao i?aaiaiai
o?aaoee?iaaiey i?aa, iaycaiiinoae, ioaaonoaaiiinoe o/anoaothueo a iae
noauaeoia. A yoii e caeeth/aaony i?aaeiacia/aiea oeiainiaiai i?aaa:
iin?aaenoaii aai ii?i oeiainiaay nenoaia i?eaiaeeony a aeaenoaea e
eniieuecoaony ainoaea?noaii.

Iaeanoue oeiainia e ioaeaeueiua eo noi?iiu cao?aaeaatho ii?iu e ae?oaeo
io?aneae i?aaa. Iaeiaei eiaiii a noa?o oeiainiaiai i?aaa yoa iaeanoue
iiaeiaaeaao a oeaeii, oioy ia ?aciua caaiuey oeiainiaie nenoaiu aai
ii?iu ?ani?ino?aiythony ia a iaeeiaeiaie ia?a. Yoi iauyniyaony oai, /oi
e i?aaeiaoo oeiainiaiai i?aaa ioiinyony ainoaea?noaaiiua oeiainu. N
ae?oaeie caaiueyie oeiainiaie nenoaiu yoa io?aneue i?aaa naycaia
iinoieueeo, iineieueeo ?aaoee?oao ioiioaiey, naycaiiua n aeeoioeyoeeae
n?aaenoa a aeaiaaeiua oiiaeu ainoaea?noaa e i?aaiia ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey, a oaeaea eniieueciaaieai yoeo n?aaenoa (iai?eia?,
iaeiaiaua ieaoaaee ec oeiainiauo ?ano?nia i?aaei?eyoee, iniiaaiiuo ia
iaainoaea?noaaiiuo oi?iao nianoaaiiinoe).

Neaaeoao caiaoeoue, /oi a oiaea oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaa
aicieeatho, iiieii oeiainiauo, ae?oaea iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey, iai?eia?,
o?oaeiaua, a?aaeaeaineea e ae?., ?aaoee?oaiua niioaaonoaothueie
io?aneyie i?aaa. Oeiainiaia aea i?aai ?ani?ino?aiyaony oieueei ia
oeiainiaua ioiioaiey.

Eoae, oeiainiaia i?aai — yoi niaieoiiinoue th?eaee/aneeo ii?i,
?aaoee?othueo iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey, eioi?ua aicieeatho a i?ioeanna
ia?aciaaiey, ?ani?aaeaeaiey e eniieueciaaiey aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia
(oeiainiauo ?ano?nia) ainoaea?noaa e i?aaiia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey,
iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ?aaeecaoeee eo caaea/.

E i?aaeiaoo oeiainiaiai i?aaa ioiinyony cae?aieaiea no?oeoo?u oeiainiaie
nenoaiu, ?ani?aaeaeaiey eiiiaoaioeee a aeaiiie iaeanoe iaaeaeo
Oaaea?aoeeae e aa noauaeoaie, ianoiui naiioi?aaeaieai a eeoea
niioaaonoaothueo i?aaiia, ?aaoee?iaaiea ia iniiaa yoeo enoiaeiuo ii?i
ioiioaiee, aicieeathueo a i?ioeanna oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Oe?ie e?oa o/anoieeia oeiainiauo ioiioaiee:

a) iaaeaeo ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeeae, aa noauaeoaie e ianoiuie
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oa??eoi?eaeueiuie aaeeieoeaie a eeoea niioaaonoaothueo
i?aaiia i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, aicieeathuea a
nayce n ?ani?aaeaeaieai oeiainiauo ?ano?nia no?aiu;

a) iaaeaeo oeiainiauie e iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaa, n iaeiie
noi?iiu, e i?aaei?eyoeyie, i?aaiecaoeeyie, o/?aaeaeaieyie — n ae?oaie, a
nayce n auiieiaieai oeiainiauo iaycaiiinoae ia?aae ainoaea?noaii,
?ani?aaeaeaieai iaaeaeo ieie eee ?anoiaeiaaieai ainoaea?noaaiiuo
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa;

a) iaaeaeo ainoaea?noaaiiuie (ioieoeeiaeueiuie) oeiainiai-e?aaeeoiuie
i?aaiaie a nayce n ia?aciaaieai, ?ani?aaeaeaieai e eniieueciaaieai
niioaaonoaothueo ainoaea?noaaiiuo (ioieoeeiaeueiuo) aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia e
?ano?nia (athaeaeaoiuo, aiaathaeaeaoiuo, e?aaeeoiuo, no?aoiauo);

a) iaaeaeo ainoaea?noaaiiuie (ioieoeeiaeueiuie) i?aaei?eyoeyie,
i?aaiecaoeeyie, o/?aaeaeaieyie, n iaeiie noi?iiu, e eo auoanoiyueie
i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai (ioieoeeiaeueiiai) oi?aaeaiey — n ae?oaie, a
nayce n ?ani?aaeaeaieai e eniieueciaaieai a niioaaonoaothueo io?aneyo
ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa e noa?ao nioeeaeueiie aeecie athaeaeaoiuo eee
e?aaeeoiuo ?ano?nia, a oaeaea nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoee,
i?aaiecaoeee, o/?aaeaeaiee;

ae) iaaeaeo oeiainiai-e?aaeeoiuie i?aaiaie, n iaeiie noi?iiu, e
th?eaee/aneeie e oece/aneeie eeoeaie — n ae?oaie, a nayce n ia?aciaaieai
e ?ani?aaeaeaieai ainoaea?noaaiiuo e?aaeeoiuo ?ano?nia e
oeaio?aeeciaaiiuo no?aoiauo oiiaeia;

a) iaaeaeo oeiainiai-e?aaeeoiuie i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaa, n iaeiie
noi?iiu, e oece/aneeie eeoeaie — n ae?oaie, a nayce n auiieiaieai
iaycaiiinoae iineaaeieo ii aianaieth ieaoaaeae a ainoaea?noaaiiua
(ioieoeeiaeueiua) aeaiaaeiua oiiaeu (a athaeaeao, aiaathaeaeaoiua
oeaeaaua oiiaeu).

Eoae, i?aaeiao oeiainiaiai i?aaa — yoi iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey,
aicieeathuea a i?ioeanna aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaa ii ieaiiia?iiio
ia?aciaaieth, ?ani?aaeaeaieth e eniieueciaaieth oeaio?aeeciaaiiuo e
aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiuo aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia a oeaeyo ?aaeecaoeee aai caaea/.

4. Nenoaia e enoi/ieee oeiainiaiai i?aaa

Oeiainiaia i?aai ninoieo ec iiiaeanoaa ioaeaeueiuo oeiainiai-i?aaiauo
ii?i. Niaieoiiinoue yoeo ii?i au?aaeaaony a neiaeiie oeaeinoiie nenoaia,
aioo?e eioi?ie oeiainiai-i?aaiaua ii?iu a ii?aaeaeaiiie
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe e acaeiinayce a?oiie?othony a ?acee/iua einoeooou e
aieaa e?oiiua iiae?acaeaeaiey. A?oiie?iaea oeiainiai-i?aaiauo ii?i
caaeneo io iniaaiiinoae e acaeiiuo naycae ?aaoee?oaiuo eie oeiainiauo
ioiioaiee, oi anoue eiaao iauaeoeaioth iniiao. Iaeiaei i?aai ia oieueei
io?aaeaao iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey; aai i?aaeiacia/aiea — ?aaoee?iaaoue e
aeoeaii aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia ieo. Iiyoiio ia iino?iaiea nenoaiu
oeiainiaiai i?aaa, a?oiie?iaeo aai ii?i, oi?ie?iaaiea einoeoooia
ieacuaatho aeeyiea e iio?aaiinoe i?aeoeee.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, nenoaia ?inneeneiai oeiainiaiai i?aaa — yoi iauaeoeaii
iaoneiaeaiiia nenoaiie iauanoaaiiuo oeiainiauo ioiioaiee aioo?aiiaa aai
no?iaiea, iauaaeeiaiea e ?aniieiaeaiea oeiainiai-i?aaiauo ii?i a
ii?aaeaeaiiie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe.

Iaeaieaa e?oiiua iiae?acaeaeaiey ?inneeneiai oeiainiaiai i?aaa — /anoe:
Iauay e Iniaaiiay.

E Iauae /anoe ioiinyony ii?iu oeiainiaiai i?aaa, eioi?ua cae?aieytho
iniiaiua iauea i?eioeeiu, i?aaiaua oi?iu e iaoiaeu oeiainiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaa, nenoaio ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia,
inouanoaeythueo oeiainiaoth aeayoaeueiinoue, e ?aca?aie/aiea eo
iieiiii/ee a yoie iaeanoe, iniiaiua /a?ou oeiainiai-i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiey
ae?oaeo noauaeoia, n eioi?uie iie anooiatho ai acaeiiioiioaiey, oi?iu e
iaoiaeu oeiainiaiai eiio?iey e ae?oaea iiaeiaiua ei oeiainiai-i?aaiaua
ii?iu. Iie aeaenoaotho a ianooaaa anae oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe
ainoaea?noaa e eiatho aeey iaa iauaa cia/aiea.

Ii?iu Iauae /anoe oeiainiaiai i?aaa eiie?aoece?othony a aai Iniaaiiie
/anoe. Iniaaiiay /anoue ninoieo ec ianeieueeeo ?acaeaeia, aeeth/athueo a
naay niioaaonoaothuea oeiainiai-i?aaiaua einoeooou. Eaaeaeue ec ieo
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie niaieoiiinoue oeiainiai-i?aaiauo ii?i, ?aaoee?othueo
a?oiio iaeii?iaeiuo oeiainiauo ioiioaiee. Oeiainiai-i?aaiaie einoeooo
iauaaeeiyao i?aaiaua ii?iu, ?aaoee?othuea aieaa oceoth e aeeceoth ii
niaea?aeaieth a?oiio oeiainiauo ioiioaiee, /ai ?acaeae. (iai?eia?, a
?acaeae «I?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeioiaeia» — einoeooou
iaeiaia n th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe, iaiaeiaiauo aeioiaeia e
ae?.).

A Iniaaiioth /anoue oeiainiaiai i?aaa aoiaeyo ?acaeaeu, a eioi?uo
na?oiie?iaaiu ii?iu, ?aaoee?othuea ioiioaiey a iaeanoe: a)
ainoaea?noaaiiie athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu; a) aiaathaeaeaoiuo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ioieoeeiaeueiuo oiiaeia; a) oeiainia ainoaea?noaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee; a) ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeioiaeia; ae) ainoaea?noaaiiiai
e?aaeeoa; a) ainoaea?noaaiiiai no?aoiaaiey; ae) ainoaea?noaaiiuo
?anoiaeia; c) aaieianeiai e?aaeeoiaaiey’ e) aeaiaaeiiai ia?auaiey e
?an/aoia; e) aaethoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey. Iie eiatho niioaaonoaothuea
iaeiaiiaaiey.

A nenoaia oeiainiaiai i?aaa iaoiaeeo io?aaeaiea oeiainiaay nenoaia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee eae iauaeoeaii nouanoaothuay yeiiiie/aneay
eaoaai?ey. Aaeeinoai oeiainia iieo/eei i?aaiaia au?aaeaiea a Iauae
/anoe. Iino?iaiea Iniaaiiie /anoe io?aaeaao ninoaa oeiainiaie nenoaiu,
auaeaeaiea a iae ianeieueeeo caaiueaa. A ?acoeueoaoa ainoaea?noaaiiue
athaeaeao, ainoaea?noaaiiue e aaieianeee e?aaeeo, ainoaea?noaaiiia
no?aoiaaiea iieo/eee i?aaiaia ioi?ieaiea a aeaea niioaaonoaothueo
?acaeaeia oeiainiaiai i?aaa.

Ii?iu oeiainiaiai i?aaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee niaea?aeaony a aieueoii
/enea ?aciiia?aciuo i?aaiauo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, eee enoi/ieeao. E iei
ioiinyony aeou i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo e eniieieoaeueiuo i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe ?aciuo ianooaaia e o?iaiae e i?aaiia ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey (iauea e io?aneaaua, oaaea?aeueiua, ?anioaeeeaineea,
iaeanoiua, ianoiua e ae?.). Eoae, enoi/ieee oeiainiaiai i?aaa ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee — yoi i?aaiaua aeou i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo e eniieieoaeueiuo
i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe e ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey, a eioi?uo
niaea?aeaony ii?iu oeiainiaiai i?aaa.

Aeaaiue enoi/iee oeiainiaiai i?aaa — Eiinoeoooeey ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, eiinoeoooeee e onoaau noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee.

5. Oeiainiaua i?aaiioiioaiey, eo iniaaiiinoe e aeaeu

Aeey aeinoeaeaiey oeaeae, iinoaaeaiiuo ainoaea?noaii a i?ioeanna
oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe, iaiaoiaeeia i?aaiaay o?aaoee?iaaiiinoue
cia/eoaeueiie /anoe aicieeathueo i?e yoii ioiioaiee. O?aaoee?iaaiiua
ii?iaie oeiainiaiai i?aaa, iie noaiiayony oeiainiai-i?aaiauie
ioiioaieyie: aicieeatho ia iniiaa ii?i oeiainiaiai i?aaa, eo o/anoieee
iaoiaeyony ai acaeiiie nayce /a?ac noauaeoeaiua th?eaee/aneea i?aaa e
iaycaiiinoe, oaeea nayce (ioiioaiey) io?aiythony i?eioaeeoaeueiie neeie
ainoaea?noaa.

Eoae, oeiainiaua i?aaiioiioaiey — yoi o?aaoee?iaaiiua ii?iaie
oeiainiaiai i?aaa iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey, o/anoieee eioi?uo aunooiatho
eae iineoaee th?eaee/aneeo i?aa e iaycaiiinoae, ?aaeecothuea
niaea?aeaueany a yoeo ii?iao i?aaeienaiey ii ia?aciaaieth,
?ani?aaeaeaieth e eniieueciaaieth ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia e
aeioiaeia.

Oeiainiaua i?aaiioiioaiey eiatho naie iniaaiiinoe. Iniiaiay
iniaaiiinoue, eioi?ay ii?aaeaeyao e ae?oaea ioee/eoaeueiua /a?ou
oeiainiauo i?aaiioiioaiee, caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi iie aicieeatho a
i?ioeanna ieaiiaiai ia?aciaaiey, ?ani?aaeaeaiey e eniieueciaaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiuo (a oaeaea ioieoeeiaeueiuo) aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia e
aeioiaeia, oi anoue a i?ioeanna oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaa e
i?aaiia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey. Ionthaea e ae?oaay eo iniaaiiinoue:
oeiainiaua i?aaiioiioaiey yaeythony ?aciiaeaeiinoueth eiouanoaaiiuo, oae
eae aicieeatho ii iiaiaeo aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, oi/iaa — oeiainiauo
?ano?nia ainoaea?noaa. Oaeie iauaeo i?aaiioiioaiee iaeeoei, iai?eia?,
i?e aicieeiiaaiee eo iaaeaeo ainoaea?noaii e i?aaei?eyoeyie a neo/ayo
aianaiey iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae a athaeaeao eee, iai?ioea, i?e
iieo/aiee ec iaai anneaiiaaiee.

Neaaeothuay iniaaiiinoue oeiainiauo i?aaiioiioaiee ninoieo a oii, /oi
iaeiie ec noi?ii a ieo anaaaea aunooiaao ainoaea?noai eee aai
oiieiiii/aiiue i?aai, i?aaiu ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey. Yoi iaoneiaeaii
oai, /oi naii ainoaea?noai a eioa?anao iauanoaa inouanoaeyao oeiainiaoth
aeayoaeueiinoue: i?aaiecoao iinooieaiea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a ?acee/iua
ainoaea?noaaiiua aeaiaaeiua oiiaeu, ?ani?aaeaeyao e eniieuecoao eo ia
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea i?ia?aiiu e ae?oaea iauanoaaiii iaiaoiaeeiua
iio?aaiinoe.

A nayce n nouanoaiaaieai iaoa?eaeueiuo e i?ioeannoaeueiuo ii?i
oeiainiaiai i?aaa, auaeaeyaiuo a caaeneiinoe io iauaeoa i?aaiaiai
?aaoee?iaaiey, oeiainiaua i?aaiioiioaiey oaeaea iiaoo auoue
iaoa?eaeueiuie e i?ioeannoaeueiuie. *a?ac iaoa?eaeueiua oeiainiaua
i?aaiioiioaiey ?aaeecothony i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe noauaeoia ii iieo/aieth,
?ani?aaeaeaieth e eniieueciaaieth ii?aaeaeaiiuo oeiainiauo ?ano?nia. Yoe
oeiainiaua ?ano?nu au?aaeaiu a eiie?aoiii ?acia?a eee ii?aaeaeaiiii
aeaea aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia Iniiaiia niaea?aeaiea noauaeoeaiuo
iaoa?eaeueiuo oeiainiauo i?aa e iaycaiiinoae caeeth/aaony a aiciiaeiinoe
eee iaiaoiaeeiinoe iieo/aiey, oieaou, ?ani?aaeaeaiey, ?anoiaeiaaiey,
ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey, ecuyoey e o. i. yoeo eiie?aoii ii?aaeaeaiiuo
oeiainiauo n?aaenoa. A ?acoeueoaoa ?aaeecaoeee aeaiiuo i?aa e
iaycaiiinoae a eiia/iii eoiaa ?aaoey?ii ia?acothony e eniieuecothony
ainoaea?noaaiiua aeaiaaeiua oiiaeu.

A i?ioeannoaeueiuo oeiainiauo i?aaiioiioaieyo au?aaeaaony th?eaee/aneay
oi?ia, a eioi?ie i?ienoiaeeo iieo/aiea ainoaea?noaii a naia
?anii?yaeaiea oeiainiauo ?ano?nia, eo ?ani?aaeaeaiea e eniieueciaaiea.
Iiyoiio i?ioeannoaeueiua noauaeoeaiua i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe (iieiiii/ey)
iai?aaeaiu ia eniieueciaaiea ii?aaeaeaiiie th?eaee/aneie oi?iu e
ii?yaeea oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe. Iai?eia?, ia noaaeee ninoaaeaiey
i?iaeoa athaeaeaoa e iei ioiinyony iaycaiiinoue I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O
i?aaenoaaeoue a onoaiiaeaiiue n?ie Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoia i?iaeo
oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa ii ii?aaeaeaiiiio ia?a/ith iieacaoaeae.

8. Oeiainiaoth aeayoaeueiinoue inouanoaeytho ana aac eneeth/aiey
ainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaiu, oae eae auiieiaiea ooieoeee ainoaea?noaa ii
anai eo iai?aaeaieyi naycaii n eniieueciaaieai oeiainia. A iae
o/anoaotho e i?aaiu ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey, iineieueeo aeey ?aaeecaoeee
eo caaea/ o?aaothony oeiainiaua ?ano?nu, ?aaoee?iaaiea oeiainiauo
ioiioaiee. Iaeiaei a neeo ?acee/ey caaea/ e i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiey oao eee
eiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ianoiuo i?aaiia ianooaau eo oeiainiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe e noaiaiue o/anoey a iae iaiaeeiaeiau.

I?aaenoaaeoaeueiua (caeiiiaeaoaeueiua) i?aaiu e i?aaiu eniieieoaeueiie
aeanoe iauae eiiiaoaioeee anao o?iaiae inouanoaeytho ooieoeee a iaeanoe
oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ia?yaeo n ae?oaeie naieie ooieoeeyie a
i?aaeaeao niioaaonoaothuae oa??eoi?ee. A eo eiiiaoaioeeth aoiaeyo iauea
oeiainiaua aii?inu, ?aoaiea eioi?uo iaania/eaaao a oeaeii
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue Oaaea?aoeee eee aa noauaeoia, a oaeaea
ioieoeeiaeueiuo ia?aciaaiee. I?e yoii e iieiiii/eyi i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo
i?aaiia ioiineony i?aaeaea anaai ooaa?aeaeaiea athaeaeaoia
niioaaonoaothueo o?iaiae, onoaiiaeaiea iaeiaia e nai?ia.

Niaeanii i?eioeeio ?acaeaeaiey aeanoae i?a?iaaoeaie i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia aeanoe yaeyaony i?eiyoea caeiiia ii aii?inai
oeiainia. Aianoa n oai niaeanii /. 3 no. 104 Eiinoeoooeee ?O
caeiiii?iaeou i aaaaeaiee eee ioiaia iaeiaia, inaiaiaeaeaiee io eo
oieaou, i auionea ainoaea?noaaiiuo caeiia, ia eciaiaiee oeiainiauo
iaycaoaeuenoa ainoaea?noaa, ae?oaea caeiiii?iaeou, i?aaeoniao?eaathuea
?anoiaeu, iie?uaaaiua ca n/ao oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa, iiaoo auoue
aianaiu oieueei i?e iaee/ee caeeth/aiey I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O.

I?aaiu eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe (I?aaeoaeuenoai ?O, i?aaeoaeuenoaa eee
aaeieieno?aoeee noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee) i?eieiatho ia?u e eo ?aaeecaoeee,
eniieiytho athaeaeao iiae eiio?ieai i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo i?aaiia.

I?e I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O a oeaeyo iaania/aiey eii?aeeiaoeee aeaenoaee
oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe e Oeaio?aeueiiai aaiea ?O
ii i?iaaaeaieth aaeeiie oeiainiaie e aeaiaaeii-e?aaeeoiie iieeoeee, a
oaeaea oneeaiey eiio?iey ca aaethoiuie iia?aoeeyie e ninoiyieai
aeaiaaeiiai ?uiea aeaenoaoao Eiienney ii aii?inai oeiainiaie e
aeaiaaeii-e?aaeeoiie iieeoeee; nicaeai Yeiiiie/aneee niaao. A no?oeoo?a
aiia?aoa I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O eiaaony Aeaia?oaiaio oeiainia e
aeaiaaeii-e?aaeeoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey.

I?aceaeaio ?O eae aeaaa ainoaea?noaa iaania/eaaao a iaeanoe oeiainia
niaeaniaaiiia ooieoeeiie?iaaiea e acaeiiaeaenoaea i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe, enoiaey ec iieiaeaiee Eiinoeoooeee e
oaaea?aeueiuo caeiiia ii?aaeaeyao iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey aioo?aiiae e
aiaoiae iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa, niioaaonoaaiii eioi?ie no?ieony
oeiainiaay iieeoeea. N aaeaaiaeiuie iineaieyie i iieiaeaiee a no?aia, ia
iniiaiuo iai?aaeaieyo aioo?aiiae e aiaoiae iieeoeee I?aceaeaio ?O
ia?auaaony e Oaaea?aeueiiio Nia?aieth (/. 3 no. 80, i. «a» no. 84
Eiinoeoooeee ?O).

I?aceaeaio ?O ecaeaao oeacu e ?anii?yaeaiey ii aii?inai oi?ie?iaaiey e
eniieiaiey athaeaeaoia, aiaathaeaeaoiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo oiiaeia,
oeiaine?iaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiuo ?anoiaeia oaaea?aeueiiai o?iaiy,
aeaiaaeii-e?aaeeoiie iieeoeee, i?aaiecaoeee ?an/aoia, ?aaoee?iaaiey
aaethoiuo e ae?oaeo oeiainiauo ioiioaiee, i?aaiecaoeee i?aaiia
oeiainiai-e?aaeeoiie nenoaiu, /a?ac Aeaaiia eiio?ieueiia oi?aaeaiea
I?aceaeaioa ?O inouanoaeyao oeiainiaue eiio?ieue5.

A oeaeyo eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneiai iaania/aiey I?aceaeaioa ?O a
iaeanoe yeiiiie/aneeo i?iaeai a ninoaaa Aaeieieno?aoeee I?aceaeaioa ?O
ia?aciaaii Yeiiiie/aneia oi?aaeaiea I?aceaeaioa ?O. Aai aeayoaeueiinoue
?ani?ino?aiyaony e ia iaeanoue iauaainoaea?noaaiiuo oeiainia,
athaeaeaoa, iaaeathaeaeaoiuo ioiioaiee e ae?.

9. Iiiyoea e cia/aiea oeiainiaiai eiio?iey

Oeiainiaue eiio?ieue — ninoaaiay /anoue, eee niaoeeaeueiay io?aneue,
inouanoaeyaiiai a no?aia eiio?iey.

Iaee/ea oeiainiaiai eiio?iey iauaeoeaii iaoneiaeaii oai /oi oeiainai eae
yeiiiie/aneie eaoaai?ee i?enoue ia oieueei ?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiay, ii e
eiio?ieueiay ooieoeee. Iiyoiio eniieueciaaiea ainoaea?noaii oeiainia
aeey ?aoaiey naieo caaea/ iaycaoaeueii i?aaeiieaaaao i?iaaaeaiea n eo
iiiiuueth eiio?iey ca oiaeii auiieiaiey yoeo caaea/. Oeiainiaue
eiio?ieue inouanoaeyaony a onoaiiaeaiiii i?aaiauie ii?iaie ii?yaeea anae
nenoaiie i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe e i?aaiia ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey, a oii /enea niaoeeaeueiuie eiio?ieueiuie i?aaiaie i?e
o/anoee iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee, o?oaeiauo eieeaeoeaia e a?aaeaeai.

Cia/aiea oeiainiaiai eiio?iey au?aaeaaony a oii, /oi i?e aai i?iaaaeaiee
i?iaa?ythony, ai-ia?auo, niaethaeaiea onoaiiaeaiiiai i?aaiii?yaeea, a
i?ioeanna oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiuie e iauanoaaiiuie
i?aaiaie, i?aaei?eyoeyie, o/?aaeaeaieyie, i?aaiecaoeeyie, a?aaeaeaiaie
e, ai-aoi?uo, yeiiiie/aneay iainiiaaiiinoue e yooaeoeaiinoue
inouanoaeyaiuo aeaenoaee, niioaaonoaea eo caaea/ai ainoaea?noaa. Oaeei
ia?acii, ii neoaeeo aaaeiui niiniaii iaania/aiey caeiiiinoe e
oeaeaniia?aciinoe i?iaiaeeiie oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eoae, oeiainiaue eiio?ieue — yoi eiio?ieue ca caeiiiinoueth e
oeaeaniia?aciinoueth aeaenoaee a iaeanoe ia?aciaaiey, ?ani?aaeaeaiey e
eniieueciaaiey aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia ainoaea?noaa e noauaeoia ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey a oeaeyo yooaeoeaiiai nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey
no?aiu e ioaeaeueiuo ?aaeiiia.

Oeiainiaue eiio?ieue i?enou anai oeiainiai-i?aaiaui einoeoooai. Iiyoiio
iiieii iaueo oeiainiai-i?aaiauo ii?i, ?aaoee?othueo i?aaiecaoeeth e
ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiey oeiainiaiai eiio?iey a oeaeii, eiathony ii?iu,
i?aaeoniao?eaathuea aai niaoeeoeeo a ioaeaeueiuo oeiainiai-i?aaiauo
einoeoooao.

Iniiaiia niaea?aeaiea oeiainiaiai eiio?iey a ioiioaieyo, ?aaoee?oaiuo
oeiainiaui i?aaii, caeeth/aaony a: a) i?iaa?ea auiieiaiey oeiainiauo
iaycaoaeuenoa ia?aae ainoaea?noaii e i?aaiaie ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey
i?aaiecaoeeyie e a?aaeaeaiaie; a) i?iaa?ea i?aaeeueiinoe eniieueciaaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiuie e ioieoeeiaeueiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie, o/?aaeaeaieyie,
i?aaiecaoeeyie iaoiaeyueony a eo oicyenoaaiiii aaaeaiee eee iia?aoeaiii
oi?aaeaiee aeaiaaeiuo ?ano?nia (athaeaeaoiuo e nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa,
aaieianeeo nnoae, aiaathaeaeaoiuo e ae?oaeo n?aaenoa); a) i?iaa?ea
niaethaeaiey i?aaee niaa?oaiey oeiainiauo iia?aoeee, ?an/aoia e o?aiaiey
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoeyie, i?aaiecaoeeyie, o/?aaeaeaieyie; a)
auyaeaiee aioo?aiieo ?aca?aia i?iecaiaenoaa — aiciiaeiinoae iiauoaiey
?aioaaaeueiinoe oicyenoaa, ?inoa i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea, aieaa
yeiiiiiiai e yooaeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo e aeaiaaeiuo
n?aaenoa; ae) ono?aiaiee e i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiee ia?ooaiee oeiainiaie
aeenoeeieeiu. A neo/aa eo auyaeaiey a onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea
i?eiaiythony ia?u aicaeaenoaey e i?aaiecaoeeyi, aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai e
a?aaeaeaiai, iaania/eaaaony aiciauaiea iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa
ainoaea?noao, i?aaiecaoeeyi, a?aaeaeaiai.

A ?acoeueoaoa ?aaeecaoeee caaea/ oeiainiaiai eiio?iey oe?aieyaony
oeiainiaay aeenoeeieeia, au?aaeathuay iaeio ec noi?ii caeiiiinoe.
Oeiainiaay aeenoeeieeia — yoi /aoeia niaethaeaiea onoaiiaeaiiuo
i?aaeienaiee e ii?yaeea ia?aciaaiey, ?ani?aaeaeaiey e eniieueciaaiey
aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia ainoaea?noaa, noauaeoia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey,
i?aaei?eyoee, i?aaiecaoeee, o/?aaeaeaiee. Iaeiaei iauaeo oeiainiaiai
eiio?iey ia ia?aie/eaaaony i?iaa?eie oieueei aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa. A
eiia/iii eoiaa ii icia/aao eiio?ieue ca eniieueciaaieai iaoa?eaeueiuo,
o?oaeiauo, i?e?iaeiuo e ae?oaeo ?ano?nia no?aiu, iineieueeo a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa e ?ani?aaeaeaiey
iiin?aaenoaoaony aeaiaaeiuie ioiioaieyie.

Eciaieeanue nenoaia eiio?ieueiuo i?aaiia: oi?acaeiaiu i?aaiu ia?iaeiiai
eiio?iey’, a nayce n eciaiaieai nenoaiu iieeoe/aneie aeanoe e
onoaiiaeaieai aeanoe I?aceaeaioa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i?aaieciaai
i?aceaeaioneee eiio?ieue, inouanoaeyaiue Eiio?ieueiui oi?aaeaieai
I?aceaeaioa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

Noi?ie?iaaiu e aeaenoaotho iiaua i?aaiu oeiainiaiai eiio?iey:
Ainoaea?noaaiiay iaeiaiaay neoaeaa, Ainoaea?noaaiiue no?aoiaie iaaeci?;
ooieoeee oeiainiaiai eiio?iey inouanoaeytho i?aaiu Oaaea?aeueiiai
eacia/aenoaa.

10 Aeaeu oeiainiaiai eiio?iey.

Oeiainiaue eiio?ieue — ninoaaiay /anoue, eee niaoeeaeueiay io?aneue,
inouanoaeyaiiai a no?aia eiio?iey. Iaee/ea oeiainiaiai eiio?iey
iauaeoeaii iaoneiaeaii oai /oi oeiainai eae yeiiiie/aneie eaoaai?ee
i?enoue ia oieueei ?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiay, ii e eiio?ieueiay ooieoeee.
Iiyoiio eniieueciaaiea ainoaea?noaii oeiainia aeey ?aoaiey naieo caaea/
iaycaoaeueii i?aaeiieaaaao i?iaaaeaiea n eo iiiiuueth eiio?iey ca oiaeii
auiieiaiey yoeo caaea/. Oeiainiaue eiio?ieue inouanoaeyaony a
onoaiiaeaiiii i?aaiauie ii?iaie ii?yaeea anae nenoaiie i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe e i?aaiia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey, a oii /enea
niaoeeaeueiuie eiio?ieueiuie i?aaiaie i?e o/anoee iauanoaaiiuo
i?aaiecaoeee, o?oaeiauo eieeaeoeaia e a?aaeaeai.

Cia/aiea oeiainiaiai eiio?iey au?aaeaaony a oii, /oi i?e aai i?iaaaeaiee
i?iaa?ythony, ai-ia?auo, niaethaeaiea onoaiiaeaiiiai i?aaiii?yaeea, a
i?ioeanna oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiuie e iauanoaaiiuie
i?aaiaie, i?aaei?eyoeyie, o/?aaeaeaieyie, i?aaiecaoeeyie, a?aaeaeaiaie
e, ai-aoi?uo, yeiiiie/aneay iainiiaaiiinoue e yooaeoeaiinoue
inouanoaeyaiuo aeaenoaee, niioaaonoaea eo caaea/ai ainoaea?noaa. Oaeei
ia?acii, ii neoaeeo aaaeiui niiniaii iaania/aiey caeiiiinoe e
oeaeaniia?aciinoe i?iaiaeeiie oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eoae, oeiainiaue eiio?ieue — yoi eiio?ieue ca caeiiiinoueth e
oeaeaniia?aciinoueth aeaenoaee a iaeanoe ia?aciaaiey, ?ani?aaeaeaiey e
eniieueciaaiey aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia ainoaea?noaa e noauaeoia ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey a oeaeyo yooaeoeaiiai nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey
no?aiu e ioaeaeueiuo ?aaeiiia.

Oeiainiaue eiio?ieue iiae?acaeaeyaony ia ianeieueei aeaeia ii ?aciui
iniiaaieyi. A caaeneiinoe io a?aiaie i?iaaaeaiey ii iiaeao auoue
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiui, oaeouei e iineaaeothuei. Oaeea aeaeu eiio?iey
naienoaaiiu aeayoaeueiinoe anao eiio?iee?othueo i?aaiia.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueiue oeiainiaue eiio?ieue i?iaiaeeony aei niaa?oaiey
iia?aoeee ii ia?aciaaieth, ?ani?aaeaeaieth e eniieueciaaieth aeaiaaeiuo
oiiaeia. Iiyoiio ii eiaao aaaeiia cia/aiea aeey i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey
ia?ooaiee oeiainiaie aeenoeeieeiu. A yoii neo/aa i?iaa?ythony
iiaeeaaeauea ooaa?aeaeaieth e eniieiaieth aeieoiaiou, eioi?ua neoaeao
iniiaaieai aeey inouanoaeaiey oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe,— i?iaeou
athaeaeaoia, oeiainiauo ieaiia e niao, e?aaeeoiua e eanniaua cayaee e o.
I.

Oaeouee oeiainiaue eiio?ieue — yoi eiio?ieue a i?ioeanna niaa?oaiey
aeaiaaeiuo iia?aoeee (a oiaea auiieiaiey oeiainiauo iaycaoaeuenoa ia?aae
ainoaea?noaii, iieo/aiey e eniieueciaaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa aeey
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oicyenoaaiiuo ?anoiaeia, eaieoaeueiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa e
o. Ae.).

Iineaaeothuee oeiainiaue eiio?ieue — yoi eiio?ieue, inouanoaeyaiue iinea
niaa?oaiey oeiainiauo iia?aoeee (iinea eniieiaiey aeioiaeiie e
?anoiaeiie /anoae athaeaeaoa; eniieueciaaiey i?aaei?eyoeai eee
o/?aaeaeaieai aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa e o. I.). A yoii neo/aa ii?aaeaeyaony
ninoiyiea oeiainiaie aeenoeeieeiu, auyaeythony aa ia?ooaiey, iooe
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey e ia?u ii eo ono?aiaieth.

. Iaoiaeu oeiainiaue eiio?iey. ?aaecey eae iniiaiie iaoiae oeiainiaue
eiio?iey.

Oeiainiaue eiio?ieue i?iaiaeeony ?aciiia?aciuie iaoiaeaie, iiae eioi?uie
iiieiatho i?eaiu eee niiniau, n?aaenoaa aai inouanoaeaiey.
Eniieuecothony neaaeothuea iaoiaeu oeiainiaiai eiio?iey: ?aaecee,
i?iaa?ee (aeieoiaioaoeee, ninoiyiey o/aoa e io/aoiinoe e o. Ae.),
?anniio?aiea i?iaeoia oeiainiauo ieaiia, cayaie, io/aoia i
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, caneooeaaiea aeieeaaeia,
eioi?iaoeee aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe e ae?.

Iniiaiie iaoiae oeiainiaiai eiio?iey — ?aaecey, oi anoue iaeaieaa
aeoaieia e iieiia ianeaaeiaaiea oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoee, i?aaiecaoeee, o/?aaeaeaiee n oeaeueth i?iaa?ee aa
caeiiiinoe, i?aaeeueiinoe e oeaeaniia?aciinoe. ?aaecee i?iaiaeyo ?aciua
eiio?iee?othuea i?aaiu, a iniaaiiinoe oeiainiaua, a oaeaea i?aaiu
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey a ioiioaiee iiaeaaaeiinoaaiiuo
i?aaiecaoeee. ?aaecee iiaoo auoue i?iaaaeaiu eae ii ieaio yoeo i?aaiia,
oae e ii oeacaieth ae?oaeo eiiiaoaioiuo i?aaiia, a oii /enea
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo.

Ii iauaeoo i?iaa?ee ?acee/atho ?aaecee aeieoiaioaeueiua, oaeoe/aneea,
iieiua (nieioiua), auai?i/iua (/anoe/iua). Ii i?aaiecaoeeiiiiio i?eciaeo
iie iiaoo auoue ieaiiauie e aiaieaiiauie, eiiieaeniuie (i?iaiaeeiuie
niaianoii ianeieueeeie eiio?iee?othueie i?aaiaie).

I?e i?iaaaeaiee aeieoiaioaeueiie ?aaecee i?iaa?ythony aeieoiaiou, a
iniaaiiinoe ia?ae/iua aeaiaaeiua aeieoiaiou (n/aoa, ieaoaaeiua
aaaeiiinoe, i?aea?a, /aee), a ia oieueei io/aou, niaou. E o. I.
Oaeoe/aneay ?aaecey icia/aao i?iaa?eo ia oieueei aeieoiaioia, ii e
iaee/ey aeaiaa, iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae. Iiae iieiie ?aaeceae iiieiatho
i?iaa?eo anae aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, i?aaiecaoeee, o/?aaeaeaiey ca
ii?aaeaeaiiue ia?eiae. I?e auai?i/iie ?aaecee eiio?ieue iai?aaeai ia
eaeea-eeai ioaeaeueiua noi?iiu oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
(iai?eia?, i?iaa?ea eiiaiaee?iai/iuo ?anoiaeia, ?aaiou ii i?eaio
iaeiaiauo e no?aoiauo aciinia). N?ie i?iaaaeaiey ?aaecee — ia aieaa 30
aeiae.

?acoeueoaou ?aaecee ioi?ieythony aeoii, eiathuei aaaeiia th?eaee/aneia
cia/aiea. Ii iiaeienuaaaony ?oeiaiaeeoaeai ?aaeceiiiie a?oiiu,
?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?iaa?yaiie i?aaiecaoeee e aa aeaaiui aooaaeoa?ii. Naie
aic?aaeaiey e caia/aiey ?oeiaiaeeoaeue e aeaaiue aooaaeoa? i?iaa?yaiie
i?aaiecaoeee aeieaeiu i?eeiaeeoue a ienueiaiiii aeaea e aeoo ?aaecee,
iiaeienaa aai.

Ia iniiaa aeoa ?aaecee i?eieiathony ia?u ii ono?aiaieth auyaeaiiuo
ia?ooaiee oeiainiaie aeenoeeieeiu, e aiciauaieth i?e/eiaiiiai
iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa; ?ac?aaaouaathony i?aaeeiaeaiey ii
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth ia?ooaiee ainoaea?noaaiiie aeenoeeieeiu; aeiiaiua
i?eaeaeathony e ioaaonoaaiiinoe

11.I?aaiu oei. eiio?iey:

I?aaiu iauae eiiiaoaioeee inouanoaeyth ia oieueei oei. aeayoaeueiinoue,
ii e ae?oaea

I?aaiu niaoeeaeueiie eiiiaoaioeee.

N/aoiay

Iei. Oei. ?O

Ieienoa?noai II iaeiaai e nai?ai –

OeA ?O –

IAAe ?O –

Ain. oaiiaeaiiua eiieoaou –

N/aoiay iaeaoa – yoio i?aai iiaeeiio?ieueiue, nicaeai Oaaea?aeueiue
Nia?aieai ?O. I?aaenaaeaoaeue iacia/aaony Ain. Aeoiie, a caianoeoaeue –
Niaaoii Oaaea?aoeee. E?iia oiai, a yoie iaeaoa anoue 12 aoaeeoi?ia: 6 –
iacia/aaony Ain. Aeoiie, 6-Oaaea?aeueiui Nia?aieai.

Aoaeeoi?ai iiaeeiio?ieueiu ooaoiua ?aaioieee e einiaeoi?u.

N/I ?O aeaao iaoneiaeaiioth ioeaieo caeiiia, a eiaiii oei.
iaania/aiiinoe. Eiaao i?aai eiio?iee?iaaoue noauaeoia oicyenoaiaaiey,
iieo/aiiua athaeaeaoiua n?aaenoaa, iia eiio?iee?oao aeaeaeaiea oei.
n?aaenoa II n/aoai OeA ?O.

II eoiaai eiio?iey iia eiaao i?aai i?eiyoue i?aaeienaiea eee aianoe
i?aaenoaaeaiea i i?einoaiiaeaiee iia?aoeee II n/aoai niioaaonoaothueo
noauaeoia, eioi?ia aeieaeii auoue ooaa?aeaeaii Ain. Aeoiie.

Iei. Oei. ?O – yoi i?aai eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe. Aai iieiiii/ey:

?ac?aaaouaaao oaaea?aeueiue athaeaeao. Eiaao i?aai eiio?iee?iaaoue anao
noauaeoia i?aaa, iieo/aiey athaeaeaoiua n?aaenoaa

Ieieno? oeiainia eiaao i?aai inouanoaeyoue naeaano? ?anoiaeia
(nie?auaiea ?anoiaeia), ii eiaao i?aai aeiee?iaaoue ?anoiaeu e o.ae.

?ac?aaaouaatho iaeiaiaoth iieeoeeo ainoaea?noaa

Inouanoaeytho iaoiaee/aneia ?oeiaiaenoai aooaaeoa?neei o/aoii

Eeoeaice?oao e aooanooao aoaeeoi?neoth aeayoaeueiinoue, e?iia aaieianeie

Eeoeaice?oao no?aoiaoth aeayoaeueiinoue.

OeA ?O. Oeaee aeayoaeueiinoe OeA ?O:

caueoa e iaania/aiea onoie/eainoe ?oaey

?acaeoea e oe?aieaiea aaieianeoth S

iaania/aiea yooaeoeaiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ieaoaaeiie S

Iieo/aiea i?eauee ia yaeyaony oeaeueth aeayoaeueiinoe OeA ?O.

Ooieoeee OeA ?O:

?ac?aaaouaaao e i?iaiaeeo aaeeioth ain. aeaiaaeii-e?aaeeoioth iieeoeeo
ai acaeiiaeaenoaee n I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?O

Iiiiiieueii inouanoaeyao yienneth iaee/iuo aeaiaa e i?aaiecoao iaee/iua
aeaiaaeiua ia?auaiey

ssaeyaony e?aaeeoi?ii aeey e?aaeeoiuo i?aaiecaoeee e onoaiaaeeaaao
noaaeo aeaoeieoeey

Onoaiaaeeaaao i?aaeea inouanoaeaiey ?an/aoia

Onoaiaaeeaaao i?aaeea i?iaaaeaiey aaieianeeo iia?aoeee

Inouanoaeyaony ianeoaeeaaiea n/aoia, athaeaeaoia anao o?iaiae

Oi?aaeyao cieioi-aaethoiuie ?aca?aaie aaiea ?O

?aaeno?e?oao e?aaeeoiua i?aaiecaoeee

Auaeaao eeoeaicee ia inouanoaeaiea aaieianeeo iia?aoeee

Inouanoaeyao aaethoiia ?aaoee?iaaiea e eiio?ieue

Onoaiaaeeaaao i?aaeea aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e io/aoiinoe aeey aaieianeie
S

Onoaiaaeeaaao e ioaeeeoao ioeoeeaeueiua eo?nu eiino?aiiuo aaetho II
ioiioaieth e ?oaeth e ae?oaei.

N/aoiay iaeaoa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee iaaeaeaia oe?ieeie iieiiii/eyie a
noa?a oeiainiaiai eiio?iey. Niaeanii Caeiio yoi iinoiyiii aeaenoaothuee
i?aai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oeiainiaiai eiio?iey, iiaeio/aoiue
Oaaea?aeueiiio Nia?aieth ?O.

Aeayoaeueiinoue N/aoiie iaeaou iai?aaeaia ia i?iaaaeaiea
eiio?ieueii-aiaeeoe/aneeo ia? a ioiioaiee iaia/aaiuo, inouanoaeyaiuo e
oaea i?iecaaaeaiiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo ?anoiaeia. E aa caaea/ai ioiinyony:

— i?aaiecaoeey e inouanoaeaiea eiio?iey ca naiaa?aiaiiui eniieiaieai
aeioiaeiuo e ?anoiaeiuo noaoae oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa e athaeaeaoia
oaaea?aeueiuo aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia, ioeaiea iainiiaaiiinoe aeioiaeiuo
e ?anoiaeiuo noaoae ii iauaiai, no?oeoo?a e oeaeaaiio iacia/aieth;
ii?aaeaeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe e oeaeaniia?aciinoe ?anoiaeia
ainoaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa e eniieueciaaiey oaaea?aeueiie nianoaaiiinoe;

— oeiainiaay yenia?oeca i?iaeoia oaaea?aeueiuo caeiiia,
i?aaeoniao?eaathueo ?anoiaeu, iie?uaaaiua ca n/ao n?aaenoa
oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa;

— eiio?ieue ca caeiiiinoueth e naiaa?aiaiiinoueth aeaeaeaiey n?aaenoa
oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa e n?aaenoa oaaea?aeueiuo aiaathaeaeaoiuo
oiiaeia a aaieao;

Ia Ieienoa?noai oeiainia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee aiceiaeai oeiainiaue
eiio?ieue ca ?aoeeiiaeueiui e oeaeaniia?aciui ?anoiaeiaaieai
athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa e n?aaenoa ainoaea?noaaiiuo (oaaea?aeueiuo)
aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia, ca eniieueciaaieai eiaanoeoeee, a oaeaea
n?aaenoa a eiino?aiiie aaethoa, auaeaeyaiuo ia iniiaaiee ?aoaiee
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee». A nayce n yoei Ieienoa?noai
ai?aaa i?iaiaeeoue aeieoiaioaeueiua ?aaecee e i?iaa?ee iinooieaiey,
nio?aiiinoe e i?aaeeueiinoe ?anoiaeiaaiey oaaea?aeueiuie i?aaiaie
eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee n?aaenoa oaaea?aeueiiai
athaeaeaoa, a oaeaea n?aaenoa a eiino?aiiie aaethoa, auaeaeyaiuo ia
iniiaaiee ?aoaiee I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; i?iaiaeeoue
aeieoiaioaeueiua ?aaecee e i?iaa?ee oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe
athaeaeaoiuo o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee, eiio?iee?iaaoue ?anoiaeiaaiea
athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa, auaeaeyaiuo i?aaei?eyoeyi, o/?aaeaeaieyi e
i?aaiecaoeeyi.

12Aoaeeoi?neee oeiainiaue eiio?ieue.

Aoaeeoi?neee (iacaaeneiue) oeiainiaue eiio?ieue. A niioaaonoaee
n A?aiaiiuie i?aaeeaie aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, ooaa?aeaeaiiuie Oeacii I?aceaeaioa ?O io 22 aeaeaa?y 1993
a. ? 2263, aoaeeoi?neay aeayoaeueiinoue – aoaeeo – i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneoth aeayoaeueiinoue aoaeeoi?ia (aoaeeoi?neeo oe?i) ii
inouanoaeaieth iacaaeneiuo aiaaaaeiinoaaiiuo i?iaa?ie aooaaeoa?neie
(oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe, ieaoaaeii-?an/aoiie aeieoiaioaoeee, iaeiaiauo
aeaeea?aoeee e ae?oaeo oeiainiauo iaycaoaeuenoa e o?aaiaaiee
oicyenoaaiiuo noauaeoia, a oaeaea ieacaieth ei eiuo aoaeeoi?neeo oneoa.
Oaeeoi?neay aeayoaeueiinoue inouanoaeyaony ia?yaeo n oeiainiaui
eiio?ieai, i?iaiaeeiui a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O
niaoeeaeueii oiieiiii/aiiuie ia oi ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie.
Aoaeeoi?u, i?ioaaeoea aooanoaoeeth e aeaeathuea ?aaioaoue
naiinoiyoaeueii, a oaeaea aoaeeoi?neea oe?iu ia/eiatho naith
aeayoaeueiinoue iinea ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee a ea/anoaa noauaeoa
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, iieo/aiey eeoeaicee e aeeth/aiey a
ainoaea?noaaiiue ?aano? aoaeeoi?ia e aoaeeoi?neeo oe?i. Eeoeaicee ia
inouanoaeaiea niaoeeaeueiiai aoaeeoa auaeathony: Oeaio?aeueiui Aaieii ?O
– aeey i?iaaaeaiey aaieianeiai aoaeeoa; Aeaia?oaiaioii no?aoiaiai
iaaeci?a Ieienoa?noaa oeiainia ?O – aeey i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoa no?aoiauo
i?aaiecaoeee e iauanoa acaeiiiai no?aoiaaiey. Eeoeaicee ia i?iaaaeaiea
iauaai aoaeeoa, a oaeaea aoaeeoa ae?ae, eiaanoeoeeiiiuo oiiaeia auaeaao,
eae i?aaeei, Ieienoa?noai oeiainia ?O.

Iniiaiie oeaeueth aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe yaeyaony onoaiiaeaiea
aeinoiaa?iinoe aooaaeoa?neie (oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe oicyenoaothueo
noauaeoia e niioaaonoaey niaa?oaiiuo eie oeiainiauo e oicyenoaaiiuo
iia?aoeee ii?iaoeaiui aeoai ?O. Aoaeeoi?neea i?iaa?ee auaatho
iaycaoaeueiuie e eieoeeaoeaiuie.

Iaycaoaeueiay aoaeeoi?neay i?iaa?ea i?iaiaeeony a neo/ayo, i?yii
onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie ?O, eieoeeaoeaiay – ii ?aoaieth
oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa.

A?aiaiiua i?aaeea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
iiae?iaii ?aaeaiaioe?otho aii?inu, naycaiiua n iieaoie ?aaiou aoaeeoi?a,
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa ca oeeiiaiea io i?iaaaeaiey
iaycaoaeueiie aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee eeai i?aiyonoaiaaiea aa
i?iaaaeaieth;

n ii?yaeeii i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee (a /anoiinoe,
i?aaeoniio?aiu ianoiyoaeuenoaa, i?e eioi?uo aoaeeoi?neay i?iaa?ea ia
iiaeao i?iaiaeeoueny);

ni no?oeoo?ie e niaea?aeaieai caeeth/aiey aoaeeoi?a (aoaeeoi?neie
oe?iu);

n ii?yaeeii i?iaaaeaiey aooanoaoeee ia i?aai inouanoaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe e o. Ae.

Ea/anoai aoaeeoi?neiai caeeth/aiey iiaeao auoue i?iaa?aii
i?aaiii, auaeaaoei eeoeaiceth ia inouanoaeaiea aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe, ii cayaeaieth oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa, ii nianoaaiiie
eieoeeaoeaa eee i?aaeeiaeaieth i?ieo?i?a. A neo/aa iaia?oaeaiey
iaeaaeeoeoee?iaaiiiai i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee, i?eaaaeoae e
oauoeai aeey ainoaea?noaa eee aeey oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa, n aoaeeoi?a
(aoaeeoi?neie oe?iu) iiaoo auoue acuneaiu ia iniiaaiee ?aoaiey noaea eee
a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea ii eneo i?aaia, auaeaaoaai eeoeaiceth: iiianaiiua
oauoee a iieiii iauaia; ?anoiaeu ia i?iaaaeaiea ia?ai?iaa?ee; oo?ao,
ca/eneyaiue a oaaea?aeueiue athaeaeao, a ii?aaeaeaiiii ?acia?a.

13. Iiiyoea e i?aaeiao athaeaeaoiiai i?aaa, aai enoi/ieee.

A nayce n ooieoeeiie?iaaieai ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ianoiuo
athaeaeaoia aicieeaao oe?ieee e?oa iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee, eioi?ua
?aaoee?othony iniaui iiae?acaeaeaieai oeiainiaiai i?aaa – athaeaeaoiui
i?aaii.

Athaeaeaoiia i?aai – oeaio?aeueiue ?acaeae iniaaiiie /anoe
oeiainiaiai i?aaa, naycaiiue n ae?oaeie ?acaeaeaie e einoeoooaie
iineaaeiaai, /oi iaoneiaeaii iieiaeaieai athaeaeaoa a oeiainiaie nenoaia
?O, aai eii?aeeie?othuae ?ieueth. AI – yoi ?acaeae oeiainiaiai i?aaa,
ninoiyuee ec th?eaee/aneeo ii?i, ?aaoee?othuee iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey,
eioi?ua aicieeatho a nayce n ia?aciaaieai, ?ani?aaeaeaieai e
eniieueciaaieai aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia, nin?aaeioi/aiiuo a ainoaea?noaaiiuo
e ianoiuo athaeaeaoao.

Athaeaeaoiia i?aai ioee/aaony io ae?oaeo einoeoooia oeiainiaiai
i?aaa naiei i?aaeiaoii, o.a. niaea?aeaieai ioiioaiee, eioi?ua iii
?aaoee?oao. Niaoeeoeea ninoieo a oii, /oi: a) athaeaeaoiia i?aai
?aaoee?oao ioiioaiey ?O, a? Noauaeoia e II, e niioaaonoaothueo
i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo e eniieieoaeueiuo i?aaiia.

A) yoe ioiioaiey aicieeatho a nayce n ia?aciaaieai, ?ani?aaeaeaieai e
eniieueciaaieai aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia ainoaea?noaa (a oii /enea Noauaeoia)
e II, eiathueo iauaa cia/aiea aeey niioaaonoaothuae oa??eoi?ee.

O.i. athaeaeaoiia i?aai ?aaoee?oao –

– athaeaeaoiia ono?ienoai ?O;

– no?oeoo?o aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu;

– eiiiaoaioeeth ?O, Noauaeoia e II a iaeanoe athaeaeaoa;

– athaeaeaoiue i?ioeann, o.a. ii?yaeie oi?ie?iaaiey e ?aaeecaoeee
athaeaeaoa, a oaeaea io/aoiinoe ia eniieiaiee athaeaeaoa.

Enoi/ieee AI – Eiinoeoooeey ?O (no.no. 71, 72), caeii ?O «ia
iniiaao athaeaeaoiiai ono?ienoaa e athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna», OC «ia
iaueo i?eioeeiao i?aaiecaoeee INO a ?O», oeacu I?aceaeaioa ?O,
iinoaiiaeaiey I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O, i?aaiaua aeou Ieienoa?noaa oeiainia ?O,
a oaeaea Athaeaeaoiue eiaeaen ?O, i?eiyoue 31 ethey 1998a. e aaaaeaiiue
a aeaenoaea n 1 yiaa?y 2000a.

Athaeaeaoiua i?aaiioiioaiey. Noauaeou athaeaeaoiuo i?aaiioiioaiee.

Anooiay a iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey aeey ?aaeecaoeee naieo i?aa e
auiieiaiey iaycaiiinoae, noauaeou athaeaeaoiiai i?aaa noaiiayony
o/anoieeaie athaeaeaoiuo i?aaiioiioaiee.

Yoei i?aaiioiioaieyi naienoaaiiu neaaeothuea iniaaiiinoe,
eanathueany eo niaea?aeaiey e noauaeoeaiiai ninoaaa:

a) iie aicieeatho a nayce n ia?aciaaieai, ?ani?aaeaeaieai e
eniieueciaaieai oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai eee
ioieoeeiaeueiiai aeaiaaeiiai oiiaea niioaaonoaothuae oa??eoi?ee.

A) i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe noauaeoia i?aaiioiioaiee iaoneiaeaiu
oi?ie?iaaieai e eniieiaieai athaeaeaoa eae iniiaiiai oeiainiaiai ieaia
ainoaea?noaa.

A) a athaeaeaoiuo i?aaiioiioaieyo iaycaoaeueii o/anoaotho
ainoaea?noaa, ainoaea?noaaiiua eee II, eee niioaaonoaothuea i?aaiu
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe e INO, i?aaenoaaeythuea eo eioa?anu.

Athaeaeaoiua i?aaiioiioaiey eae e ii?iu athaeaeaoiiai i?aaa iiaoo
auoue i?ioeannoaeueiuie e iaoa?eaeueiuie.

A e?oa noauaeoia athaeaeaoiiai i?aaa ?O aoiaeyo:

1) ainoaea?noai e aai oa??eoi?eaeueiua iiae?acaeaeaiey (ana noauaeou e
o.ae.);

2) i?aaiu ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe e INO (i?aaenoaaeoaeueiua,
eniieieoaeueiua).

14. Athaeaeaoiia ono?ienoai a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee

Niaeanii AE ?O iiae athaeaeaoiui ono?ienoaii iiieiaaony i?aaiecaoeey
athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu e i?eioeeiu aa iino?iaiey. Eae aeaeii ec
ii?aaeaeaiey, athaeaeaoiia ono?ienoai aeeth/aao a naay aeaa
ninoaaeythueo yeaiaioa: a) athaeaeaoioth nenoaio; a) i?eioeeiu
iino?iaiey athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu. Athaeaeaoiay nenoaia ethaiai
ainoaea?noaa ii?aaeaeyaony ainoaea?noaaiiui e
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oa??eoi?eaeueiui ono?ienoaii (aeaeaieai). Iiyoiio a
eiioaaea?aoeaiii, oaaea?aoeaiii e oieoa?iii ainoaea?noaao iii aoaeao
?aciui.

?inney yaeyaony oaaea?aoeaiui ainoaea?noaii. A nayce n ?aca?aie/aieai
eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeeae e noauaeoaie oaaea?aoeee
auoaeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue nouanoaiaaiey oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa e
athaeaeaoia eaaeaeiai ec aa noauaeoia. A iaee/ea
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oa??eoi?eaeueiuo ia?aciaaiee a ?aieao noauaeoia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i?aaeiieaaaao e iaee/ea ianoiuo athaeaeaoia.

AE ?O ii?aaeaeyao athaeaeaoioth nenoaio eae iniiaaiioth ia yeiiiie/aneeo
ioiioaieyo e th?eaee/aneeo ii?iao niaieoiiinoue ?anioaeeeaineiai
(oaaea?aeueiiai) athaeaeaoa ?O, ?anioaeeeaineeo athaeaeaoia ?anioaeee a
ninoaaa ?O, athaeaeaoia iaoeeiiaeueii-ainoaea?noaaiiuo e
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oa??eoi?eaeueiuo ia?aciaaiee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

Enoiaey ec iniaaiiinoae ainoaea?noaaiiiai e
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oa??eoi?eaeueiiai ono?ienoaa (aeaeaiey) ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, aa athaeaeaoiay nenoaia i?aaenoaaeaia neaaeothueie aeaeaie
athaeaeaoia:

1) oaaea?aeueiue athaeaeao (?anioaeeeaineee athaeaeao ?O);

2) athaeaeaou noauaeoia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, a oii /enea:
?anioaeeeaineea athaeaeaou ?anioaeee a ninoaaa ?O; e?aaaua athaeaeaou
e?aaa

3) ianoiua athaeaeaou (ai?iaeneea athaeaeaou ai?iaeia, ?aeiiiua
athaeaeaou ?aeiiia a ai?iaeao.)

Aoi?ui ninoaaeythuei yeaiaioii athaeaeaoiiai ono?ienoaa ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee yaeythony i?eioeeiu (iniiaiua ia/aea) iino?iaiey
athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu. Ii AE e iei ioiinyony i?eioeeiu aaeeinoaa,
iieiiou, ?aaeueiinoe, aeaniinoe e naiinoiyoaeueiinoe anao athaeaeaoia,
aoiaeyueo a athaeaeaoioth nenoaio ?O.

I?eioeei aaeeinoaa athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu iaania/eaaaony aaeeiie i?aaiaie
aacie; aaeeiuie athaeaeaoiuie eeanneoeeaoeeyie, eniieuecoaiuie ia anae
oa??eoi?ee ?O; aaeeinoaii oi?iu athaeaeaoiie aeieoiaioaoeee (o/aoiie,
io/aoiie, noaoenoe/aneie e o.ae.); i?aaeinoaaeaieai n iaeiiai o?iaiy
athaeaeaoa ia ae?oaie noaoenoe/aneie e athaeaeaoiie eioi?iaoeee,
iaiaoiaeeiie aeey ninoaaeaiey eiinieeaee?iaaiiuo athaeaeaoia
niioaaonoaothueo o?iaiae, a oaeaea niaeaniaaiiuie i?eioeeiaie
athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna e aaeeinoaii aeaiaaeiie nenoaiu.

I?eioeei iieiiou athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu iaania/eaaaony aeaoiy iiiaioaie:
iieiioie naiaai no?oeoo?iiai ninoaaa e iieiioie enoi/ieeia aeioiaea,
aeeth/aaiuo a athaeaeaou, e ?anoiaeia, ioiineiuo ia niioaaonoaothuee
athaeaeao. Iieiioa no?oeoo?u athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu iieacuaaao, ianeieueei
iainiiaaiiui yaeyaony nouanoaiaaiea eiaiii oao athaeaeaoia, eioi?ua
eiatho ianoi a ?innee ia aeaiiii yoaia. E a yoii ieaia aa neaaeoao
i?eciaoue iieiie, iineieueeo iia niioaaonoaoao ainoaea?noaaiiiio e
aaeieieno?aoeaiiio ono?ienoao (aeaeaieth) ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee eae
iniiaiiio e?eoa?eth naiaai iainiiaaiey.

I?eioeei iieiiou iaania/eaaaony e aeeth/aieai a athaeaeaoioth nenoaio
i?aeoe/anee anao aeaeia enoi/ieeia aeioiaea, eiathueo ianoi ia
oa??eoi?ee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. A yoii ninoieo i?eioeeieaeueiia
ioee/ea athaeaeaoia io ae?oaeo aeaiaaeiuo oiiaeia.

I?eioeei ?aaeueiinoe athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu aeieaeai iaania/eaaoueny
?aaeueiuie iinooieaieyie aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a athaeaeaou anao o?iaiae.
N yoie oeaeueth a caeiiiaeaoaeueiii ii?yaeea ii?aaeaeythony eiie?aoiua
enoi/ieee aeioiaeea, aeeth/aaiua a athaeaeaou ?aciiai o?iaiy. Iie iiaoo
auoue nianoaaiiuie e caaiiuie, ii yoe enoi/ieee aeieaeiu ?aaeueii
nouanoaiaaoue, a eo iinooieaiea aeieaeii aa?aioe?iaaoueny ainoaea?noaii.

I?eioeei naiinoiyoaeueiinoe athaeaeaoia, eae oeacaii a
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, iaania/eaaaony iaee/eai nianoaaiiuo enoi/ieeia
aeioiaeia e i?aaii ii?aaeaeyoue iai?aaeaiey eo eniieueciaaiey e
?anoiaeiaaiey.

I?eioeei aeaniinoe a athaeaeaoiie aeayoaeueiinoe iaania/eaaaony,
ai-ia?auo, ioe?uoui ananoi?iiiei ianoaeaeaieai athaeaeaoia ia
i?aaenoiyuee aiae e eoiaia eniieiaiey athaeaeaoia i?ioaaeoaai aiaea e,
ai-aoi?uo, aeiaaaeaieai aei anaai iauanoaa eiie?aoiuo iieacaoaeae
athaeaeaoia e eoiaia eo eniieiaiey.

17. Iiiyoea e i?eioeeiu athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna

Iniaaiiinoue athaeaeaoia anao o?iaiae — iineaaeiaaoaeueiia i?ioiaeaeaiea
iinoiyiii aiciaiiaeythoeoe1ony iaeieo e oao aea noaaeee eo oi?ie?iaaiey
e eniieiaiey a onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea. Yoi iaoneiaeaii oai, /oi
aeo, ecaeaaaaiue i athaeaeaoa oiai eee eiiai o?iaiy, aeaenoaoao a
oa/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai ia?eiaea a?aiaie, ii ieii/aiee eioi?iai aeieaeai
auoue i?eiyo iiaue aeo i eiie?aoiii athaeaeaoa ia neaaeothuee ia?eiae
a?aiaie.

Oi?ie?iaaiea athaeaeaoia aeeth/aao a naay neaaeothuea o?e noaaeee:
ninoaaeaiea athaeaeaoia, eo ?anniio?aiea e ooaa?aeaeaiea.

Eniieiaiea athaeaeaoia — yoi /aoaa?oay noaaeey i?ioiaeaeaiey athaeaeaoia
a eo ia?eiaee/aneii oeeeea. Caeeth/eoaeueiui yoaiii noaaeee eniieiaiey
athaeaeaoia yaeyaony ninoaaeaiea e ooaa?aeaeaiea io/aoia ia eniieiaiee
athaeaeaoia.

Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey oi?ie?iaaiey athaeaeaoia onoaiiaeaiu Eiinoeoooeeae
?O, iaeiaei aeaaiuie aeoaie, ?aaoee?othueie ii?yaeie oi?ie?iaaiey e
eniieiaiey athaeaeaoia ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee, yae. AE. E?iia oiai, yoio
ii?yaeie a ii?aaeaeaiiie ia?a ?aaoee?oaony Caeiiii «I Niaaoa Ieieno?ia —
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O», ?aaeaiaioaie iaaeo iaeao Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?O
e iaeioi?uie ae?oaeie i?aaiauie aeoaie, i?eieiaaiuie ia oaaea?aeueiii
o?iaia.

Ia iniiaa ?inneeneiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa noauaeou ?O e i?aaiu ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey i?eieiatho naie ii?iaoeaiua aeou, ?aaeaiaioe?othuea
ii?yaeie oi?ie?iaaiey e eniieiaiey niioaaonoaothueo athaeaeaoia.

Aeayoaeueiinoue ii oi?ie?iaaieth e eniieiaieth athaeaeaoia i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie athaeaeaoiue i?ioeann, iiiyoea eioi?iai aeaaony a AE. Athaeaeaoiue
i?ioeann — yoi ?aaeaiaioe?oaiay caeiiii aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie e ianoiie aeanoe ii ninoaaeaieth, ?anniio?aieth,
ooaa?aeaeaieth e eniieiaieth niioaaonoaothueo athaeaeaoia.

I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue anao noaaeee athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee io ia/aea ninoaaeaiey athaeaeaoia aei ooaa?aeaeaiey io/aoia
ia eo eniieiaiee caieiaao ia?eiae aieaa o?ao eao. N?ie aeaenoaey
ooaa?aeaeaiiiai athaeaeaoa iacuaaaony athaeaeaoiui aiaeii, a iaoae
no?aia ii ii?aaeaeai a 12 ianyoeaa e niaiaaeaao n eaeaiaea?iui aiaeii (n
1 yiaa?y ii 31 aeaeaa?y).

A iniiaa athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna eaaeao i?eioeeiu, oa?aeoa?iua aeey
athaeaeaoiiai ono?ienoaa ?O: aaeeinoaa, iieiiou, ?aaeueiinoe, aeaniinoe
e naiinoiyoaeueiinoe anao athaeaeaoia (ni. 12).

Aianoa n oai aeey athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna oa?aeoa?iu e iaeioi?ua ae?oaea
i?eioeeiu. Oae, ?ani?aaeaeaiea iieiiii/ee a athaeaeaoiii i?ioeanna
iniiaaii ia i?eioeeia ?aca?aie/aiey eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo i?aaiaie
i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie aeanoae. A niioaaonoaee n yoei
i?eioeeiii ninoaaeaiea e eniieiaiea athaeaeaoia ioiineony e ooieoeeyi
i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, a ?anniio?aiea, ooaa?aeaeaiea e
eiio?ieue ca eniieiaieai athaeaeaoia —e ooieoeeyi i?aaiia
i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie aeanoe.

Anai aac eneeth/aiey noaaeeyi athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna naienoaaiai
i?eioeei niaoeeaeecaoeee athaeaeaoiuo iieacaoaeae. Ii au?aaeaaony a
eiie?aoecaoeee aeioiaeia athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu ii enoi/ieeai, a ?anoiaeia
— ii oeaeaaiio eo iai?aaeaieth. I?eioeei niaoeeaeecaoeee athaeaeaoiuo
iieacaoaeae ?aaeecoaony /a?ac athaeaeaoioth eeanneoeeaoeeth —
nenoaiaoece?iaaiioth a?oiie?iaeo aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia athaeaeaoia ii
iaeii?iaeiui i?eciaeai. Athaeaeaoiay eeanneoeeaoeey eiaao aaaeiia
i?aaiecothuaa e th?eaee/aneia cia/aiea. N iaeiie noi?iiu, aa i?eiaiaiea
iaania/eaaao /aoeoth i?aaiecaoeeth ?aaiou i?aaiia aeanoe ii
oi?ie?iaaieth e eniieiaieth athaeaeaoia anao o?iaiae; oi?iuaao
inouanoaeaiea eiio?iey ca naiaa?aiaiiinoueth e iieiioie iinooieaiey
athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa e eo eniieueciaaieai ii oeaeaaiio iacia/aieth;
nicaeaao oneiaey aeey iauaaeeiaiey athaeaeaoia a eiinieeaee?iaaiiua
athaeaeaou niioaaonoaothueo oa??eoi?ee; iaeaa/aao yeiiiie/aneee aiaeec
athaeaeaoiuo iieacaoaeae e o.ae. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, a athaeaeaoiie
eeanneoeeaoeee au?aaeaia i?aaiaay i?aaiecaoeey athaeaeaoia, iineieueeo,
eae oaea oeacuaaeinue, iia yaeyaony th?eaee/aneei aeoii, eaaeauei a
iniiaa ninoaaeaiey e eniieiaiey athaeaeaoia. Ninoaaeaiiay ia iniiaa
athaeaeaoiie eeanneoeeaoeee ?inienue aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia onoaiaaeeaaao
eiie?aoiua ?aiee iieiiii/ee niioaaonoaothueo noauaeoia ii oi?ie?iaaieth
e eniieueciaaieth athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa.

Aeey athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna oa?aeoa?ai e i?eioeei aaeaaiaeiinoe,
au?aaeathueeny a aaeaaiaeiii iiaoi?aiee aai noaaeee. ?ac?aaioea e
i?eiyoea athaeaeaoia ia aieueoee eee iaiueoee ia?eiae a?aiaie ia
ia?ooaao i?eioeeia aaeaaiaeiinoe athaeaeaoa e athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna,
oae eae aiaeiaua athaeaeaou i?eieiathony a ethaii neo/aa.

18 Athaeaeaoiue i?ioeann: iiiyoea, i?eioeeiu, noaaeee.

Iniaaiiinoue athaeaeaoia anao o?iaiae — iineaaeiaaoaeueiia
i?ioiaeaeaiea iinoiyiii aiciaiiaeythoeoe1ony iaeieo e oao aea noaaeee eo
oi?ie?iaaiey e eniieiaiey a onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea. Yoi
iaoneiaeaii oai, /oi aeo, ecaeaaaaiue i athaeaeaoa oiai eee eiiai
o?iaiy, aeaenoaoao a oa/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai ia?eiaea a?aiaie, ii
ieii/aiee eioi?iai aeieaeai auoue i?eiyo iiaue aeo i eiie?aoiii
athaeaeaoa ia neaaeothuee ia?eiae a?aiaie.

Oi?ie?iaaiea athaeaeaoia aeeth/aao a naay neaaeothuea o?e noaaeee:
ninoaaeaiea athaeaeaoia, eo ?anniio?aiea e ooaa?aeaeaiea.

Eniieiaiea athaeaeaoia — yoi /aoaa?oay noaaeey i?ioiaeaeaiey athaeaeaoia
a eo ia?eiaee/aneii oeeeea. Caeeth/eoaeueiui yoaiii noaaeee eniieiaiey
athaeaeaoia yaeyaony ninoaaeaiea e ooaa?aeaeaiea io/aoia ia eniieiaiee
athaeaeaoia.

Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey oi?ie?iaaiey athaeaeaoia onoaiiaeaiu Eiinoeoooeeae
?O, iaeiaei aeaaiuie aeoaie, ?aaoee?othueie ii?yaeie oi?ie?iaaiey e
eniieiaiey athaeaeaoia ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee, yae. AE. E?iia oiai, yoio
ii?yaeie a ii?aaeaeaiiie ia?a ?aaoee?oaony Caeiiii «I Niaaoa Ieieno?ia —
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O», ?aaeaiaioaie iaaeo iaeao Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?O
e iaeioi?uie ae?oaeie i?aaiauie aeoaie, i?eieiaaiuie ia oaaea?aeueiii
o?iaia.

Ia iniiaa ?inneeneiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa noauaeou ?O e i?aaiu ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey i?eieiatho naie ii?iaoeaiua aeou, ?aaeaiaioe?othuea
ii?yaeie oi?ie?iaaiey e eniieiaiey niioaaonoaothueo athaeaeaoia.

Aeayoaeueiinoue ii oi?ie?iaaieth e eniieiaieth athaeaeaoia i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie athaeaeaoiue i?ioeann, iiiyoea eioi?iai aeaaony a AE. Athaeaeaoiue
i?ioeann — yoi ?aaeaiaioe?oaiay caeiiii aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie e ianoiie aeanoe ii ninoaaeaieth, ?anniio?aieth,
ooaa?aeaeaieth e eniieiaieth niioaaonoaothueo athaeaeaoia.

I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue anao noaaeee athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee io ia/aea ninoaaeaiey athaeaeaoia aei ooaa?aeaeaiey io/aoia
ia eo eniieiaiee caieiaao ia?eiae aieaa o?ao eao. N?ie aeaenoaey
ooaa?aeaeaiiiai athaeaeaoa iacuaaaony athaeaeaoiui aiaeii, a iaoae
no?aia ii ii?aaeaeai a 12 ianyoeaa e niaiaaeaao n eaeaiaea?iui aiaeii (n
1 yiaa?y ii 31 aeaeaa?y).

A iniiaa athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna eaaeao i?eioeeiu, oa?aeoa?iua aeey
athaeaeaoiiai ono?ienoaa ?O: aaeeinoaa, iieiiou, ?aaeueiinoe, aeaniinoe
e naiinoiyoaeueiinoe anao athaeaeaoia (ni. 12).

Aianoa n oai aeey athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna oa?aeoa?iu e iaeioi?ua ae?oaea
i?eioeeiu. Oae, ?ani?aaeaeaiea iieiiii/ee a athaeaeaoiii i?ioeanna
iniiaaii ia i?eioeeia ?aca?aie/aiey eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo i?aaiaie
i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie aeanoae. A niioaaonoaee n yoei
i?eioeeiii ninoaaeaiea e eniieiaiea athaeaeaoia ioiineony e ooieoeeyi
i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, a ?anniio?aiea, ooaa?aeaeaiea e
eiio?ieue ca eniieiaieai athaeaeaoia —e ooieoeeyi i?aaiia
i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie aeanoe.

Anai aac eneeth/aiey noaaeeyi athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna naienoaaiai
i?eioeei niaoeeaeecaoeee athaeaeaoiuo iieacaoaeae. Ii au?aaeaaony a
eiie?aoecaoeee aeioiaeia athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu ii enoi/ieeai, a ?anoiaeia
— ii oeaeaaiio eo iai?aaeaieth. I?eioeei niaoeeaeecaoeee athaeaeaoiuo
iieacaoaeae ?aaeecoaony /a?ac athaeaeaoioth eeanneoeeaoeeth —
nenoaiaoece?iaaiioth a?oiie?iaeo aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia athaeaeaoia ii
iaeii?iaeiui i?eciaeai. Athaeaeaoiay eeanneoeeaoeey eiaao aaaeiia
i?aaiecothuaa e th?eaee/aneia cia/aiea. N iaeiie noi?iiu, aa i?eiaiaiea
iaania/eaaao /aoeoth i?aaiecaoeeth ?aaiou i?aaiia aeanoe ii
oi?ie?iaaieth e eniieiaieth athaeaeaoia anao o?iaiae; oi?iuaao
inouanoaeaiea eiio?iey ca naiaa?aiaiiinoueth e iieiioie iinooieaiey
athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa e eo eniieueciaaieai ii oeaeaaiio iacia/aieth;
nicaeaao oneiaey aeey iauaaeeiaiey athaeaeaoia a eiinieeaee?iaaiiua
athaeaeaou niioaaonoaothueo oa??eoi?ee; iaeaa/aao yeiiiie/aneee aiaeec
athaeaeaoiuo iieacaoaeae e o.ae. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, a athaeaeaoiie
eeanneoeeaoeee au?aaeaia i?aaiaay i?aaiecaoeey athaeaeaoia, iineieueeo,
eae oaea oeacuaaeinue, iia yaeyaony th?eaee/aneei aeoii, eaaeauei a
iniiaa ninoaaeaiey e eniieiaiey athaeaeaoia. Ninoaaeaiiay ia iniiaa
athaeaeaoiie eeanneoeeaoeee ?inienue aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia onoaiaaeeaaao
eiie?aoiua ?aiee iieiiii/ee niioaaonoaothueo noauaeoia ii oi?ie?iaaieth
e eniieueciaaieth athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa.

Aeey athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna oa?aeoa?ai e i?eioeei aaeaaiaeiinoe,
au?aaeathueeny a aaeaaiaeiii iiaoi?aiee aai noaaeee. ?ac?aaioea e
i?eiyoea athaeaeaoia ia aieueoee eee iaiueoee ia?eiae a?aiaie ia
ia?ooaao i?eioeeia aaeaaiaeiinoe athaeaeaoa e athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna,
oae eae aiaeiaua athaeaeaou i?eieiathony a ethaii neo/aa.

19. Eniieiaiea Oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa.

Eniieieoue athae-o- cia/eo iaania/eoue iieiia e naiaa?ai-a
iinooieaiea anao i?aaeoni-o ii athae-oo aeioiaeia e iaania/eoue
oeiaine?-a anao caieaie?-o ii athae-oo ?anoiaeia. Eniieiaiea athae-oa
inou-ny ia iniiaa i?eioeeia aaeeinoaa- nooue aai: 1) ana athae-ou
eniie-ny ia iniiaa i?eioe-ia aaeeinoaa eannu e inouanoa-a oeiai-y anao
i?aaeon-o ?anoiaeia n aaeeiiai athaeaeaoiiai n/aoa; 2)eniieiaiea
athaeaeaoia inouanoa-ny oiieiii-ie eniiei-ie i?aaiaie a niioa-e n
athaeaeaoiie eeanneo-ae ?O ia iniiaa ?iniene athae. ?anoiaeia, eioi?ay
ninoaae-ny enoiaey ec ia?a/iy iauaia e n?ieia oeiain-y ?anoiaeia,
ooaa?ae-o a caeiia «i athae-oa» a i?aaeaeao iinooieaiey a athaeaeao.
I?aa-ai ii niaeaniaaieth n i?aaiaie aeanoe noauaeoia e IINO onoaiaa-ao
ii?yaeie eniiei-y athaeae-oa. Onoai-e ii?yaeie iaania/-o Ieioei e any
nenoaia i?aaiia oi?aaeaiey oeiainaie. Ii ?anoiaeai athae-o eniie-ny
niaoe-ie noauaeoaie – o/ano-ie athae-o i?aaiio-e: ae. ?anii?yaeeoaeue
athaeae-o n?aaenoa; ?anii?yae-ee athaeae-o n?aae-a e iieo/-ee athae-o
n?aae-a. ?anii?yaeeoaeue athaeae-o n?aaenoa- i?aai ain. Aeanoe eee IINO,
eiathuee i?aai ?ani?aaeaeyoue athae. N?aaenoaa ii iiaeaaae-i iieo/-i
athae. N?aaenoa. Iieo/-eue athae-o n?aae-a- athae. O/?-y eee eiay
i?aai-y, eioi?ua eiatho i?aai ia iieo/aiea athae. N?aaenoa a niio-e n
athae-e ?inienueth ia niio-e aiae. Yoaiu eniie-y athae-oa ii aeioiaeai:
ia?a/en-a e ca/en-a aeioiaeia ia aaeeiue n/ao athaeaeaoa; ?ani?aae-a
?aaoe-o aeioiaeia; aica?ao eceeoia _aeaiey__uo aeioiaeia; o/ao aeioiaeia
e ninoaa-a io/aoiinoe i aeioiaeao athae-oa. Yoaiu eniie-y athae-oa ii
?anoiaeai: ninoaa-a e ooaa?-a athae. ?iniene; aeiaaaeaiea oaaaeiieaiee i
athae-o anneaiia-yo aei ?anii?yae-ae n?aaenoa, ooaa?-a niao ?anoiaeia e
aeioiaeia ?anii?-i n?aanoa e athae. O/?aae-ai; aeiaaaeaiea oaaaeii-e i
eeieoao athae. Iayc-a aei ?anii?yae-ey e iieo/ao-y athae.n?aaenoa;
i?eiyoea aeai. Iayc-a iieo/-ai athae-o n?aaenoa; iiaeoaa?ae-a e auaa?ea
eniiei-y aeai. Iaycao-a; ?anoiaeia-a n?aaenoa iooai nienaiey n aaeeiiai
athae-ai n/aoa a ?acia?a athae. Iaycao-aa a iieueco oec. E th?. Eeoe;
o/ao e ninoaaeaiea io/aoa i ?anoiaeao athae-oa. A ?O onoai-ii
eacia/aeneia eniie-a athae-oa, /a?ac nenoaio i?aaiia eacia/-aa. Iinoa-a
I?aa-aa io 28.08.97 « I ia?ao ii onei?aieth ia?aoiaea ia eacia/-th
nenoaio eniie-y athae-oa».

Oaeoi?u ia?aoiaea io aaieia-e nenoaiu e eacia/-e: 1)aaie-a
o/?aae-y ia auee caeioa?-iu a eiio?i-ea ca naiaa-i ca/eneaieai aeioiaeia
ia n/ao niio-ai athae-oa e ono?aieeenue io eiio?iey ca eniie-ai
n?aaenoa; 2) naiiio-oue ieaeanoiy-o athae-a iiaeaeea ca niaie eci-a
ooi-e oa??eo-o e iano-o oei. I?aaiia, eioi?ua auee inaia-iu io iaycao-ai
eiio?iey ca eniie-ai oaae. athae-oa. Oaae. eacia/-ai aaaeao naiaeiue
?aano? iieo/-e n?aaenoa ec oaae. athae-oa, iaia-i aeieoi-i aeey eniie-y
athae-oa ya. Athae-y ?inienue. A.?.- aeie-o i iieaa?o-i ?ani?aae-e
aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia athae-oa e iinooi-e ec enoi/-a oeiai-y aeeoeoe-oa
athae-oa, eio-e onoai-ao ?ani?aae-a athae. Anneaiiaaiee i/o iieo/-ie
athae. N?aaenoa. A.?. ninoaa-ny a niio-e n athae-e eeanneo-ae ?O.
Naiaeiay a.?. oaae. athae-oa ninoaaeyaony Ieioeiii, ooaa?ae-ny
ieieno?ii a oa/-a 15 aeiae ni aeiy i?eiyoey OC « I oaae. athae-oa».
Ooaa?ae-y naiaeiay a.?. ia?aaeaaony ia eniieiaiea oaae. eacia/-ao e
iai?aae-ny aeey naaaeaiey a ON e N/aoioth iaeaoo. Ana athae. Eciaiaiey
ae.a. io?aaeaiu a.?. 31.12. caaa?o-ny ?aaioa ii eniie-th athae-oa.

Io/ao ia eniieiaiee Oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa.

A oeaeyo iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eiio?iey ca eniieiaieai athaeaeaoa
i?aaiu i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie aeanoe iiaoo ia?aciauaaoue a naiae no?oeoo?a
niaoeeaeueiua i?aaiu, inouanoaeythuea yoo eiio?ieueioth ooieoeeth

Oae, no. 101 Eiinoeoooeee ?O i?aaeoniao?eaaao ia?aciaaiea Niaaoii
Oaaea?aoeee e Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiie N/aoiie iaeaou, i?aaeiacia/aiiie
aeey inouanoaeaiey eiio?iey ca eniieiaieai oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa.

A eiioea oeiainiaiai (athaeaeaoiiai) aiaea iinea caeeth/aiey athaeaeaoa
ia/eiaaony ?aaioa ii ninoaaeaieth io/aoa ia eniieia_aea athaeaeaoa.

Ninoaaeaiea, ?anniio?aiea e ooaa?aeaeaiea io/aoa ia eniieia_aea
athaeaeaoa inouanoaeythony a niioaaonoaee n onoaiiaeaiiui ii?yaeeii,
eioi?ue ?aaeaiaioe?oaony athaeaeaoiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, a oaeaea caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii noauaeoia ?O e ?aoaieyie
i?aaiia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey.

I?aaiecaoeey ninoaaeaiey io/aoa ia eniieiaiee athaeaeaoa aiceaaaaony ia
niioaaonoaothuaa I?aaeoaeuenoai eeai aaeieieno?aoeeth oa??eoi?ee.
Iaiin?aaenoaaiii ninoaaeaieai io/aoia ia eniieiaiee athaeaeaoia
caieiathony, oeiainiaua i?aaiu.

Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii i?aaeoniio?aii, /oi io/aou ia eniieiaiee athaeaeaoia
aeieaeiu ninoaaeyoueny ii anai iniiaiui iieacaoaeyi aeioiaeia e
?anoiaeia niioaaonoaothueo athaeaeaoia n iaiaoiaeeiui aiaeecii eo
eniieiaiey, a oii /enea ii iaania/aieth o?iaiy cae?aieaiiuo aeioiaeia.

Ninoaaeaiiue oeiainiauie i?aaiaie i?iaeo io/aoa ia eniieiaiee athaeaeaoa
ia?aaeaaony niioaaonoaothuei i?aaiai eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe aeey eo
?anniio?aiey e i?aaenoaaeaiey a i?aaiu i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie aeanoe.

Eniieiaiea athaeaeaoa – yoi aaaeiaeoee yoai athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeanna
aeaenoaey ii iiaeeecaoeee e eniieueciaaieth athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa, a
i?ioeanna eniieiaiey eioi?uo o/anoaotho i?aaiu eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe,
oeiainiaua e iaeiaiaua i?aaiu, e?aaeeoiua o/?aaeaeaiey, th?eaee/aneea e
oece/aneea eeoea – ieaoaeueueee iaeiaia a athaeaeao, iieo/aoaee
athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa. Eniieiaiea athae-oa ia/eiaaony iinea
ooaa?aeaeaiey athae-oa caeiiaaeaaeueiuie i?aaiaie. eEniieiaiea
oaae.athae-oa inouanoaeyaony ia iniiaa:

io?aaeaiey Oaae. eacia/aenoaii anao iia?aoeee e n?aaenoa oaae.
athaeaeaoa a nenoaia aaeainiauo n/aoia;

oeaio?aeecaoeee a Oaae.eacia/aenoaa anao iinooieaiee a oaae. athaeaeao e
ieaoaaeae ec oaae. athaeaeaoa;

niaa?oaiey Oaaea?aeueiui eacia/aenoaii anao eanniauo iia?aoeee n
eniieueciaaieai aaeeiiai n/aoa e oi?aaeaiey yoei n/aoii.

Eanniaia eniieiaiea oaae. athae-oa ?.O.aiceaaaaony ia Oaaea?aeueiia
eacia/aenoai.

Aoaeeo eniieiaiey athaeaeaoa. I?e ?anniio?aiee io/aoa ia eniieiaiee
athaeaeaoa a eniieieoaeueiii i?aaia noauaeoa ?.O. eee ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey iiaeao iacia/aoueny aioo?aiiee aoaeeo io/aoa ia
eniieiaiee athaeaeaoa, inouanoaeyaiue i?aaiaie Iei.Oei. ?.O.niaeanii
caeeth/aiiui niaeaoaieyi iaaeaeo eniieieoaeueiui i?aaiii noauaeoa ?.O.
eee ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey e Iei. Oei. ?.O.. I?aai i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie
aeanoe i?eieiaao ?aoaiea ii io/aoo ia eniieiaiee athaeaeaoa iinea
iieo/aiey aoaeeoi?neiai caeeth/aiey niioaaonoaothuaai
eiio?ieueii-n/aoiiai i?aaia Iinea ooaa?aeaeaiey io/aoia ia eniieiaiee
athaeaeaoia eniieieoaeueiua i?aaiu aeanoe ioaeeeotho yoe io/aou a
ioe?uoie ia/aoe.

21. Iiiyoea, eeanneoeeaoeey e iniiau i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey oeaeaauo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ianoiuo oiiaeia

Oeaeaaua ainoaea?noaaiiua e ianoiua oiiaeu aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa
iiyaeeenue a oeiainiaie nenoaia ?innee iaaeaaii. Ia?aiia/aeueii iie
nicaeaaaeenue i?aeiouanoaaiii eae ainoaea?noaaiiua aiaathaeaeaoiua
oiiaeu. Nicaeaiea aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia a ?innee ioiineony e 1990 a.
Eae aiaathaeaeaoiue a /enea ia?auo aue nicaeai Iaineiiiue oiiae ?O,
caoai noaee iiyaeyoueny e ae?oaea.

N iiiiuueth aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia ainoaea?noai no?aieony aieaa
yooaeoeaii e oeaeaniia?acii eniieueciaaoue naie oeiainiaua ?ano?nu.
*a?ac ainoaea?noaaiiue athaeaeao, eae iieacaea i?aeoeea i?ioeuo eao, ia
anaaaea oaeaaaeinue aeinoaoi/ii iineaaeiaaoaeueii i?iaiaeeoue a aeeciue
oa eee eiua nioeeaeueiua e yeiiiie/aneea i?ia?aiiu. Yoi naycaii n oai,
/oi a ainoaea?noaaiiii athaeaeaoa aeioiaeu ia cae?aieaiu ca eiie?aoiuie
aeaeaie ?anoiaeia, iiyoiio ?anoiaeu ia eiie?aoiua i?ia?aiiu, eae
i?aaeei, ieacuaathony o?acaiiuie.

I?aeoe/anee ii?aaeaeeeenue o?e aeaea oeaeaauo oiiaeia: 1)
ainoaea?noaaiiua e ianoiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa;
2) oeaeaaua athaeaeaoiua oiiaeu aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa; 3) ainoaea?noaaiiua
oeaeaaua oiiaeu I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O.

Oeaeaaua ainoaea?noaaiiua e ianoiua oiiaeu aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa
oa?aeoa?ecotho neaaeothuea ioee/eoaeueiua iniaaiiinoe: oiiaeu
nicaeathony eiiiaoaioiuie i?aaiaie ni no?iai ii?aaeaeaiiie oeaeueth,
eniieuecothony noaoai ii oeaeaaiio iacia/aieth; i?aaiaie noaoon
oeaeaaiai oiiaea ii?aaeaeyaony Iieiaeaieai i oiiaea, eioi?ia
ooaa?aeaeaaony eiiiaoaioiui i?aaiii.

Ainoaea?noaaiiua e ianoiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu iiaoo auoue
eeanneoeoee?iaaiu ii ?acee/iui iniiaaieyi: ii oeaeaaiio iacia/aieth, ii
niiniao ia?aciaaiey, ii o?iaith oi?aaeaiey oiiaeii, ii th?eaee/aneie
i?e?iaea. A caaeneiinoe io oeaeaaiai iacia/aiey aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu
aeaeyony ia yeiiiie/aneea e nioeeaeueiua. E /eneo iineaaeieo ioiinyony
Iaineiiiue oiiae ?O, Ainoaea?noaaiiue oiiae caiyoinoe ianaeaiey ?O,
Oaaea?aeueiue e oa??eoi?eaeueiua oiiaeu iaycaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai
no?aoiaaiey, oiiae nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey ?O. Inoaeueiua
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu a iniiaiii iiaoo auoue ioianaiu e yeiiiie/aneei.
Ii niiniao ia?aciaaiey oeaeaaua ainoaea?noaaiiua oiiaeu
iiae?acaeaeythony ia oa, eioi?ua auaeaeaiu a ninoaaa athaeaeaoia, e oa,
eioi?ua eiatho naiinoiyoaeueiia oi?aaeaiea.

A caaeneiinoe io o?iaiy oi?aaeaiey oeaeaaua oiiaeu iiae?acaeaeythony ia
oaaea?aeueiua e ?aaeiiaeueiua. Iiiaea oeaeaaua oiiaeu yaeythony
iaeiia?aiaiii e oaaea?aeueiuie, e ?aaeiiaeueiuie. Yoi iaoneiaeaii oai,
/oi iiiaea aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu, nicaeaaaaiua ia oaaea?aeueiii o?iaia,
eae i?aaeei, oa?aeoa?ecothony auaeaeaieai /anoe, ia?aaeaaaaiie a
?anii?yaeaiea oa??eoi?eaeueiuo aeanoiuo no?oeoo?.

I?aaiaie ?aaeei oeaeaauo ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ianoiuo oiiaeia aeaiaaeiuo
n?aaenoa ii?aaeaeyaony eae caeiiaie, oae e eiuie ii?iaoeaiuie aeoaie. A
eo /enea Caeiiu ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «Ia iniiaao athaeaeaoiuo i?aa e
i?aa ii oi?ie?iaaieth e eniieueciaaieth aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia
i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo e eniieieoaeueiuo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe
?anioaeee a ninoaaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, aaoiiiiiie iaeanoe,
aaoiiiiiuo ie?oaia, e?aaa, iaeanoae, ai?iaeia Iineau e Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aa,
i?aaiia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey», «I aei?iaeiuo oiiaeao a ?O»°, «I
caiyoinoe ianaeaiey a ?O»”, «I iaaeeoeeineii no?aoiaaiee a?aaeaeai a
?o», i oaaea?aeueiii athaeaeaoa ia eiie?aoiue aiae. A ieo ii?aaeaeaiu
ii?yaeie oi?ie?iaaiey e eniieueciaaiey oeaeaauo ainoaea?noaaiiuo e
ianoiuo oiiaeia aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, ii?yaeie ooaa?aeaeaiey athaeaeaoia
ainoaea?noaaiiuo aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia e io/aoia ia eo eniieiaiee.

26. Iiiyoea e cia/aiea ainoaea?noaaiiiai e?aaeeoa a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee. Ainoaea?noaaiiue aioo?aiiee aeiea

Aeey i?eaea/aiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a ?anii?yaeaiea ainoaea?noaa,
iiieii ae?oaeo niiniaia, i?eiaiyaony ainoaea?noaaiiue e?aaeeo (io eao.
nnoaea).

E?aaeeo — yoi i?aaeinoaaeaiea aeaiaa eee oiaa?ia a aeiea ia
ii?aaeaeaiiue n?ie ia oneiaeyo aiciacaeiinoe e aica?aoiinoe.
Aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ca iieueciaaiea e?aaeeoii onoaiaaeeaaaony, eae i?aaeei,
a oi?ia i?ioeaioa.

E?aaeeo eiaao ianeieueei aeaeia (oi?i)’. Iaeiei ec iniiaiuo aeaeia
e?aaeeoa, yaeyaony ainoaea?noaaiiue e?aaeeo. Ainoaea?noaaiiue e?aaeeo
eae naiinoiyoaeueiue oeiainiai-i?aaiaie einoeooo ninoieo ec
ioiineoaeueii iainiaeaiiuo iaeii?iaeiuo oeiainiauo ioiioaiee,
?aaoee?oaiuo ii?aaeaeaiiie nenoaiie i?aaiauo ii?i.

Ainoaea?noaaiiue e?aaeeo eae yeiiiie/aneay eaoaai?ey — yoi nenoaia
aeaiaaeiuo ioiioaiee, aicieeathueo a nayce n i?eaea/aieai ainoaea?noaii
ia aeia?iaieueiuo ia/aeao aeey a?aiaiiiai eniieueciaaiey naiaiaeiuo
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe. Yeiiiie/aneay
nouiinoue ainoaea?noaaiiiai e?aaeeoa caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi a?aiaiii
naiaiaeiua aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe
aeeoioee?othony e ia oneiaeyo aica?aoiinoe e aiciacaeiinoe
eniieuecothony ainoaea?noaii eae nnoaeiue eaieoae. Ainoaea?noai
iai?aaeyao aai ia iauaainoaea?noaaiiua iio?aaiinoe (eae i?aaeei, ia
iie?uoea aeaoeoeeoa athaeaeaoa) eeai ia?a?ani?aaeaeyao ia eueaioiuo
oneiaeyo iaaeaeo io?aneyie ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, i?aaei?eyoeyie e
ae?oaeie oicyenoaothueie noauaeoaie, eiathueie aieueoia nioeeaeueiia e
yeiiiie/aneia cia/aiea aeey ainoaea?noaa e aai a?aaeaeai.

N i?aaiaie oi/ee c?aiey ainoaea?noaaiiue e?aaeeo — yoi o?aaoee?iaaiiua
i?aaiauie ii?iaie ioiioaiey ii aeeoioeyoeee ainoaea?noaii a?aiaiii
naiaiaeiuo aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe ia
i?eioeeiao aeia?iaieueiinoe, n?i/iinoe e aiciacaeiinoe a oeaeyo iie?uoey
athaeaeaoiiai aeaoeoeeoa e ?aaoee?iaaiey aeaiaaeiiai ia?auaiey.

A ?acoeueoaoa ?aaeecaoeee oeiainiai-i?aaiauo ioiioaiee ii aine?aaeeoo
oi?ie?oaony aioo?aiiee ainoaea?noaaiiue aeiea, n iaoa?eaeueiie oi/ee
c?aiey i?aaenoaaeythuee niaie iauoth noiio caaeieaeaiiinoe ainoaea?noaa
ii iaiiaaoaiiui aeieaiaui iaycaoaeuenoaai e iaauiea/aiiui ii iei
i?ioeaioai.

I?aaiaua iniiau ainoaea?noaaiiiai e?aaeeoa a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
cae?aieaiu a ?acee/iuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoao, iniiaiui n?aaee eioi?uo
yaeyaony Caeii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «I ainoaea?noaaiiii aioo?aiiai
aeieaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee». Yoio Caeii aia?aua aue i?eiyo 13 iiya?y
1992 a.

. Oi?iu ainoaea?noaaiiiai aioo?aiiaai aeieaa

Aeieaiaua iaycaoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee iiaoo auoue au?aaeaiu a
neaaeothueo o?ao oi?iao, cae?aieaiiuo a no. 2 Caeiia ?O «I
Ainoaea?noaaiiii aioo?aiiai aeieaa ?O»:

1) a oi?ia e?aaeeoia, iieo/aaiuo ainoaea?noaii a eeoea I?aaeoaeuenoaa
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; 2) a oi?ia ainoaea?noaaiiuo caeiia,
inouanoaeyaiuo iin?aaenoaii auionea oeaiiuo aoiaa io eiaie
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O; 3) aeieaiaua iaycaoaeuenoaa a ae?oaeo oi?iao,
aa?aioe?iaaiiua I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

Eniieueciaaiea oaeie oi?iu ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeieaiauo iaycaoaeuenoa, eae
e?aaeeou I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, iaoneiaeaii
iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa.

Ainoaea?noaaiiua caeiu — aoi?ay iniiaiay oi?ia ainoaea?noaaiiiai aeieaa,
iacaaiiay a Caeiia «I ainoaea?noaaiiii aioo?aiiai aeieaa».
Ainoaea?noaaiiua caeiu i?aaenoaaeytho niaie e?aaeeoiua ioiioaiey iaaeaeo
ainoaea?noaii (eae i?aaeei, a eeoea I?aaeoaeuenoaa) e th?eaee/aneeie e
oece/aneeie eeoeaie, eioi?ua ioi?ieythony iooai auionea e ?aciauaiey
n?aaee iineaaeieo ainoaea?noaaiiuo oeaiiuo aoiaa. Ii?yaeie auionea
ainoaea?noaaiiuo caeiia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, eae onoaiiaeaii a no. 75
Eiinoeoooeee ?O, ii?aaeaeyaony ia iniiaa oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia. I?eioeei
aeia?iaieueiinoe ?aciauaiey ainoaea?noaaiiuo caeiia cae?aieai a Iniiaiii
Caeiia ?innee (i. 4 no. 75 E?O).

A oeaeyo ioi?ieaiey ainoaea?noaaiiuo aioo?aiieo caeiia auioneathony
oeaiiua aoiaae ?acee/iuo aeaeia: iaeeaaoeee, eacia/aeneea
iaycaoaeuenoaa, aaneoiiiiua iaeeaaoeee e ae?oaea.

A ?acoeueoaoa anao ainoaea?noaaiiuo e?aaeeoiuo iia?aoeee ?O oi?ie?oaony
ainoaea?noaaiiue aioo?aiiee aeiea ?O, a ninoaa eioi?iai aeeth/athony ana
caaeieaeaiiinoe i?ioeuo eao e aiiaue aicieeathuea caaeieaeaiiinoe.

30. Iaeiae, eo iiiyoea e ?ieue

Iaeiaiaia i?aai eae iaeei ec ?acaeaeia oeiainiaiai i?aaa noaiiaeony
e?oiiaeoae ninoaaiie /anoueth yoie io?anee i?aaa n ia?niaeoeaie
aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey.

Iaeiae — iaeei ec ae?aaiaeoeo oeiainiauo einoeoooia: iie aicieeee aianoa
n iiyaeaieai ainoaea?noaa e eniieueciaaeenue ei eae
iniiaiie~enoi/iee_n?aaenoa aeey niaea?aeaiey i?aaiia aino-aea?noaaiiie
aeanoe e iaoa?eaeueiiai iaania/aiey auiieiaiey eie naieo ooieoeee.
Nia?aiaiiua ainoaea?noaa aeey iiiieiaiey naiae eacoE en-iieuecotho e
ae?oaea aeaeu_iinooieai11e_e_ieaoaaeae. Ii^a ia?aia ianoi n?aaee ieo ii
naiaio cia/aieth e iauaio aunooiatho iaeiae.

Iaeiae — yoi iaycaoaeueiua e ii th?eaee/aneie oi?ia eiaeeaeaeoaeueii
aacaiciacaeiua ieaoaaee th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe, onoaiiaeaiiua
i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe aeey ca/eneaiey a ainoaea?noaaiioth
athaeaeaoioth nenoaio (eee a oeacaiiuo neo/ayo — aiaathaeaeaoiua
oeaeaaua oiiaeu) n ii?aaeaeaieai eo ?acia?ia e n?ieia oieaou. Eaeiaa aea
?ieue iaeiaia a iauanoaa e ainoaea?noaa? Iniiaiay ?ieue iaeiaia
—oeneaeueiay (io eao. fiscus —ainoaea?noaaiiay eacia), niioaaonoaaiii
/aio iie eniieuecothony eae enoi/iee aeioiaeia ainoaea?noaaiiie eaciu,
i?aaeiacia/aiiie aeey oaeiaeaoai?aiey eioa?ania iauanoaa e ainoaea?noaa.
Aianoa n oai a iaeiaao caeiaeaiu aieueoea aiciiaeiinoe ii ?aaoee?iaaieth
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo i?ioeannia a no?aia ni noi?iiu ainoaea?noaa.
I?e oiaeii eniieueciaaiee iie iiaoo auoue neeueiui ?aaoee?othuei
iaoaieciii a nenoaia nioeeaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey. (?aaoee?iaaiey
i?iecaiaenoaa, ?aaoee?iaaiea iio?aaeaiey, ?aaoee?iaaiey aeioiaeia
ianaeaiey). Iiieii ?anniio?aiiuo ooieoeee iaeiaai naienoaaiia e ooieoeey
eiio?iey. A oiaea iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ni noi?iiu’ ainoaea?-nOAO^i?iaiaeeony
eiio?ieue ca oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeay-oaeueiinoueth i?aaei?eyoee,
i?aaiecaoeee, o/?aaeaeaiee, ca iieo/a-ieaiaeioiaeia_a?aaeaeaiaie^
enoi/ieeaie aeoeo aeioiaeia, ca en-iieueciaaieai eiouanoaa, a oii /enea
caiee. ” O/ao anao yoeo ooieoeee iaeiaia oieueei a niaieoiiinoe iiaeao
iaania/eoue oniaoioth iaeiaiaoth iieeoeeo, naeaeaao iaeiae yooaeoeaiui
iaoaieciii aicaeaenoaey ia yeiiiieeo no?aiu

Iniiaiua iiaoanoaa a yoie iaeanoe caeeth/athony a neaaeothuai.

1. Iaeiaiaue iaoiae noae iniiaiui a oi?ie?iaaiee aeioiaeia
ainoaea?noaaiiie eaciu. Aieaa 80% aeioiaeia athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu
ianoaaeytho iaeiaiaua ieaoaaee. I?ei?iyaoeany ?aiaa a ioii-oaiee’ e
‘ainoaea?noaaiiui i?aaei?eyoeyi ?acee/iua ieaoaaee iaiaeiaiaie oi?iu
(io/eneaiey io i?eauee, ieaoa ca oiiaeu e ae?.) auee caiaiaiu iaeiaaie.

2. Oieoeeaoeey nenoaiu iaeiaia a ioiioaiee i?aaei?eyoee iacaaeneii io
oi?iu nianoa^iianoe, ia eioi?ie iie iniiaaiu. A yoii-oo?iyaey?ony
i?eaioe?iaea ia i?eioeei i?aaiecaoeee ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee, iniiaaiiuo ia
?aaainoaa eo noauaeoia.

3. ?aca?aie/aiea iaeiaia ii o?ai o?iaiyi — ia oaaea?aeueiua; iaeiae
?anioaeee a ninoaaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, e?aaa, iaeanoae, aaoiiiiiuo
ia?aciaaiee; ianoiua. Iie cae?aieythony ca niioaaonoaothueie
athaeaeaoaie, i?aaenoaaeyy eo naiinoiyoaeueioth oeiainiaoth aaco.

Iiieii athaeaeaoa iaeiae iiaoo oaia?ue aeeth/eoueny e a ainoaea?noaaiiua
eee ianoiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oeaeaaua oiiaeu. eioi?ua’ noaee
nicaeaaaoueny a iineaaeiaa a?aiy, a 1990-o aa., a nayce n
iaiaoiaeeiinoueth aieaa yooaeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey n?aaenoa (iai?eia?,
aei?iaeiua oiiaeu^).

31. Iaeiaiaia i?aai ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, aai enoi/ieee

Iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey, aicieeathuea a nayce n onoaiiaeaieai e aceiaieai
iaeiaia, ?aaoee?othony ii?iaie oeiainiaiai i?aaa, eioi?ua a naiae
niaieoiiinoe i?aaenoaaeytho iaeei ec aai einoeoooia — iaeiaiaia i?aai.

Oaeei ia?acii, iaeiaiaia i?aai — yoi niaieoiiinoue oeiainiai-i?aaiauo
ii?i, ?aaoee?othueo iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey ii onoaiiaeaieth e aceiaieth
iaeiaia n th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe a athaeaeaoioth nenoaio e a
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo neo/ayo — aiaathaeaeaoiua oeaeaaua oiiaeu.

Aeaaiuie enoi/ieeaie iaeiaiaiai i?aaa yaeythony caeiiiaeaoaeueiua aeou
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, i?eiyoua ia eo iniiaa caeiiu ?anioaeee a ninoaaa
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, aeou i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie
aeanoe e?aaa, iaeanoae, aaoiiiiiuo ia?aciaaiee, i?aaiia ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey. Ana iie aace?othony ia eiinoeoooeeiiiuo ii?iao,
cae?aieaoeo enoiaeiua iieiaeaiey iaeiaiaiai i?aaa. Eiinoeoooeey ?O
ioiineo onoaiiaeaiea iaueo i?eioeeiia iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ia oa??eoi?ee
noauaeoia ?O e noa?a eo niaianoiiai n oaaea?aeueiuie i?aaiaie
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe aaaeaiey. Aii?inu oaaea?aeueiuo iaeiaia e nai?ia
ioiinyony e aaaeaieth oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. I?aaiu ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey ?aaoee?otho
aii?inu iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ia naiae oa??eoi?ee a i?aaeaeao,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O.

Eneeth/eoaeueii aaaeiay ?ieue n?aaee enoi/ieeia iaeiaiaiai i?aaa
i?eiaaeeaaeeo Caeiio ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «Ia iniiaao iaeiaiaie
nenoaiu a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee» io 27 aeaeaa?y 1991 a. Aai iniaaiiinoe
ninoiyo a oii, /oi ii ?aaoee?oao iaeiaiaua ioiioaiey eiiieaenii,
ii?aaeaeyao iauea, iaeaieaa nouanoaaiiua iieiaeaiey iaeiaiaiai i?aaa a
aaeeiii ii?iaoeaiii aeoa, a eiaiii: i?eioeeiu iino?iaiey iaeiaiaie
nenoaiu ?O e aa niaea?aeaiea, oi anoue ia?a/aiue iaeiaia, eo
eeanneoeeaoeeth, ii?yaeie onoaiiaeaiey iaeiaia; iaycaiiinoe e i?aaa
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia, eo ioaaonoaaiiinoue; iieiiii/ey iaeiaiauo i?aaiia e
eo aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe; iaycaiiinoe aaieia e ioaaonoaaiiinoue eo
aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe a iaeanoe iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey.

Caeii i eaaeaeii iaeiaa niaea?aeeo neaaeothuea iniiaiua yeaiaiou.

1. Ii?aaeaeaiea e?oaa ieaoaeueueeia (iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia), eo iniiaiuo
i?eciaeia. E iei ioiinyony th?eaee/aneea eeoea, ae?oaea eaoaai?ee
ieaoaeueueeia (iai?eia?, oeeeaeu th?eaee/aneeo eeoe) e oece/aneea eeoea,
ia eioi?ua a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie aiceiaeaia
iaycaiiinoue oiea/eaaoue iaeia.

2. Ii?aaeaeaiea iauaeoa iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, o. a. oiai i?aaeiaoa, ia
eioi?ue ia/eneyaony iaeia. Yoi iiaoo auoue aeioiaeu (i?eaueue),
noieiinoue ii?aaeaeaiiuo oiaa?ia, ioaeaeueiua aeaeu aeayoaeueiinoe,
eiouanoai e ae?oaea iauaeou.

3. A ii?aaeaeaiiuo neo/ayo o?aaoaony oeacaoue aaeeieoeo
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, o. a. /anoue iauaeoa iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, i?e iiiiue
eioi?ie en/eneyaony iaeia.

4. Noaaea, o. a. ?acia? iaeiaa, eioi?ue aceiaaony n aaeeieoeu
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey eee iauaeoa iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey a oeaeii.

5. Ii?aaeaeaiea n?ieia oieaou iaeiaia a oa/aiea aiaea. Iie
i?aaeoniao?eaathony ii eaaeaeiio ec aeaeia iaeiaia iniai.

6. Onoaiiaeaiea eueaio, o. a. iieiiai eee /anoe/iiai inaiaiaeaeaiey io
oieaou iaeiaia eaeeo-eeai eaoaai?ee iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia.

Iaeiaiaua i?aaiioiioaiey. Noauaeou iaeiaiaiai i?aaa

Iaeiaiaua i?aaiioiioaiey — yoi o?aaoee?iaaiiua ii?iaie iaeiaiaiai i?aaa
iauanoaaiiua oeiainiaua ioiioaiey, aicieeathuea ii iiaiaeo aceiaiey
iaeiaia n th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe, ae?oaeo eaoaai?ee
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia.

Iniiaiui niaea?aeaieai iaeiaiaiai i?aaiioiioaiey yaeyaony iaycaiiinoue
iaeiaiieaoaeueueea aianoe a athaeaeaoioth nenoaio eee aiaathaeaeaoiue
ainoaea?noaaiiue (ianoiue) oiiae aeaiaaeioth noiio a niioaaonoaee n
onoaiiaeaiiuie noaaeaie e a i?aaeoniio?aiiua n?iee, a iaycaiiinoue
eiiiaoaioiuo i?aaiia — iaania/eoue oieaoo iaeiaia. Iaauiieiaiea
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie naiae iaycaiiinoe aea/ao ca niaie i?e/eiaiea
iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa ainoaea?noao, ia?aie/eaaao aai aiciiaeiinoe ii
?aaeecaoeee ooieoeee e caaea/. Iiyoiio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai
i?aaeoniao?eaaao no?iaea ia?u aicaeaenoaey e eeoeai, aeiionoeaoei oaeia
i?aaiia?ooaiea, /oiau iaania/eoue auiieiaiea yoeo iaycaiiinoae.

A iaeiaiauo i?aaiioiioaieyo o/anoaotho: iaeiaiieaoaeueueee, i?aaiu
ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeau e e?aaeeoiua i?aaiu — aaiee, eioi?ua
i?eieiatho e ca/eneytho iaeiaiaua ieaoaaee ia n/aoa niioaaonoaothueo
athaeaeaoia. Iie yaeythony iineoaeyie th?eaee/aneeo i?aa e iaycaiiinoae
a aeaiiuo ioiioaieyo, o. a. noauaeoaie iaeiaiaiai i?aaa.

A Caeiia «Ia iniiaao iaeiaiaie nenoaiu a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee» aia?aua
aeai iaiauaiiue ia?a/aiue i?aa e iaycaiiinoae o/anoieeia iaeiaiauo
i?aaiioiioaiee. Iaeiaiieaoaeueueee iaycaiu: — oiea/eaaoue iaeiae
naiaa?aiaiii e a iieiii iauaia; — aanoe aooaaeoa?neee o/ao, ninoaaeyoue
io/aou i oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, iaania/eaay eo
nio?aiiinoue ia iaiaa iyoe eao; — i?aaenoaaeyoue iaeiaiaui i?aaiai
iaiaoiaeeiua aeey en/en-•eaiey e oieaou iaeiaia aeieoiaiou e naaaeaiey;
e i?.

Oneiaeyie i?ae?auaiey oaeeo iaycaiiinoae aeey th?eaee/aneiai eeoea
yaeythony: oieaoa iaeiaa eee ioiaia iaeiaa.

Iaeiaiieaoaeueueee eiatho neaaeothuea i?aaa, eioi?ua iai?aaeaiu ia oi,
/oiau iaania/eoue ei aiciiaeiinoue caueou naieo i?aa e eioa?ania: —
i?aaenoaaeyoue aeieoiaiou, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea i?aai ia eueaiou ii
iaeiaai; — iieueciaaoueny eueaioaie ii oieaoa iaeiaia ia iniiaaiee e a
ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie; — ciaeiieoueny n
aeoaie i?iaa?ie, i?iaaaeaiiuo iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie; e i?.

Iaeniieiaiea iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie naieo iaycaiiinoae iaania/eaaaony
ia?aie ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?eioaeaeaiey. A yoeo neo/ayo i?eiaiythony ia?u
aaeieieno?aoeaiie e oaieiaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, a oaeaea oeiainiaua
naieoeee.

Iaycaiiinoe iaeiaiauo i?aaiia cae?aieaiu a Caeiia i ainoaea?noaaiiie
iaeiaiaie neoaeaa e Caeiia ia iniiaao iaeiaiaie nenoaiu a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee e ninoiyo a neaaeothuai: — iaania/aiee iinooieaiey iaeiaia a
athaeaeaoioth nenoaio e aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu a onoaiiaeaiiua n?iee e a
niioaaonoaee n i?aaeoniio?aiiuie noaaeaie. — aaaeaiee o/aoa
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia, — io?aia eiiia?/aneie oaeiu, oaeiu naaaeaiee i
aeeaaeao oece/aneeo eeoe; e i?.

32. Iaeiaiaay nenoaia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. Ii?yaeie onoaiiaeaiey
iaeiaiauo

Iaiaeia /enei iaeiaia onoaiiaeaii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, i?eiyoui a 1990-o aa. Neaaeoao caiaoeoue, /oi Caeii «Ia
iniiaao iaeiaiaie nenoaiu a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee» io 27 aeaeaa?y 1991
a. niaea?aeeo ia?a/aiue ia oieueei iaeiaia a nianoaaiiii niunea neiaa,
ii e ae?oaeo ieaoaaeae, iiaeeaaeaueo a iaycaoaeueiii ii?yaeea aianaieth
a athaeaeao eee aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu. I?e yoii iie iauaaeeiaiu a iauai
iiiyoee «iaeiaiaay nenoaia». Nthaea aioee iiieii iaeiaia
ainoaea?noaaiiay e oaiiaeaiiay iioeeiu, ?acee/iua nai?u — oeaeaaua,
eeoeaiceiiiua e ae?.

Oiiiyiooua ieaoaaee ioee/athony io iaeiaia a nianoaaiiii niunea neiaa. A
ii?aaeaeaiiie ia?a /anoue ec ieo iineo aiciacaeiue oa?aeoa?: iie
yaeythony ieaoie eee ca oneoae, i?aaeinoaaeyaiua ainoaea?noaii
(iai?eia?, ainoaea?noaaiiay iioeeia), eee ieaoie ca iieo/aiea ?ac?aoaiey
ia eaeoth-oi aeayoaeueiinoue e o. ae. Oaeea ieaoaaee iinyo iau/ii
?aciaue oa?aeoa?. Iaaeaaai aea a ioee/ea io ieo naienoaaiia
?aaoey?iinoue oieaou, i?e iaee/ee o iaeiaiieaoaeueueea onoaiiaeaiiiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii iauaeoa iaeiaeaiey (eiouanoaa, aeioiaea e o. i.)
iaeiae iiaeeaaeao nenoaiaoe/aneiio_aianaietha eacio a i?aaeoniio?ai-”
iu?”n?iee.

O/eouaay iauea /a?ou ?anniao?eaaaiuo ieaoaaeae, caeiiiaeaoaeue oneiaii
eiaioao iaeiaaie (iiieii iaeiaia a nianoaaiiii niunea neiaa) oaeaea e
ae?oaea ieaoaaee, iiieiay, iiae ieie «iaycaoaeueiue aciin a athaeaeao
niioaaonoaothuaai o?iaiy eee ai aiaathaeaeaoiue oiiae, inouanoaeyaiue
ieaoaeueueeaie a ii?yaeea e ia oneiaeyo, ii?aaeaeyaiuo
caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie» (no. 2 Caeiia ?O «Ia iniiaao iaeiaiaie
nenoaiu a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee» io 27 aeaeaa?y 1991 a.). A
niaieoiiinoue aeaiiuo ieaoaaeae (n iaiai?eie «aeaeaa — iaeiae»)
iacuaaaony iaeiaiaie nenoaiie.

Iauaaeeiaiea iaeiaiauo ieaoaaeae a nenoaio i?aaeiieaaaao aiciiaeiinoue
eo eeanneoeeaoeee, iicaieythuae eo/oa oynieoue nouiinoue yoie eaoaai?ee.
Iniiaaiee aeey eeanneoeeaoeee iiaeao auoue ianeieueei.

Ii noauaeoai (ieaoaeueueeai) iiaeii auaeaeeoue iaeiae n th?eaee/aneeo
eeoe e iaeiae n oece/aneeo eeoe. E oie e ae?oaie a?oiia ioiinyony’
iaeiae ?aciiai oa??eoi?eaeueiiai o?iaiy. E ia?aie a?oiia ioiinyony
iaeiae ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue, ia i?eaueue, aeoeecu e ae?. Ei
aoi?ie — iiaeioiaeiue iaeia, iaeia ia eiouanoai, ia?aoiaeyuaa a ii?yaeea
ianeaaeiaaiey e aea?aiey, e ?yae ae?oaeo.

A caaeneiinoe io oa?aeoa?a eniieueciaaiey iaeiae iiaoo auoue iauaai
cia/aiey e oeaeaauie. Iaeiae iauaai cia/aiey, ca/eneythony a athaeaeao
niioaaonoaothuaai o?iaiy eae iauee aeaiaaeiue oiiae niioaaonoaothuae
oa??eoi?ee e eniieuecothony i?e eniieiaiee athaeaeaoa aac i?eaycee e
eiie?aoiui ia?ii?eyoeyi. Oeaeaaua iaeiae ca/eneythony ai aiaathaeaeaoiua
oeaeaaua oiiaeu eee auaeaeythony a athaeaeaoa ioaeaeueiie no?ieie aeey
oeaeaaiai eniieueciaaiey (eae, a /anoiinoe, caiaeueiue iaeia).

Caeii «Ia iniiaao iaeiaiaie nenoaiu a ?inneeneie Oaaea?a-oeee»^aaae
oaeaea iiae?acaeaeaiea iaeiaia ia o?e aeaea a caaeneiinoe io eo
oa??eoi?eaeueiiai o?iaiy-, oaaea?aeueiua iaeiae-iaeiae noauaeoia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee — ?anioaeee a aa ninoaaa, e?aaa, iaeanoae,
aaoiiiiiie iaeanoe, aaoiiiiiuo ie?oaia; ianoiua iaeiae. E oaaea?aeueiui
iaeiaai ioianaiu: — iaeia ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue; — aeoeecu ia
ioaeaeueiua a?oiiu e aeaeu oiaa?ia; — iaeia ia aeioiaeu aaieia; e i?.

Ae?oaay /anoue iaeiaia, eiuo ieaoaaeae (ainoaea?noaaiiay iioeeia,
aa?aiaue nai?, iaeia, ia?aoiaeyuee a ii?yaeea ianeaaeiaaiey e aea?aiey)
i?aaeiacia/aia aeey ca/eneaiey a ianoiua athaeaeaou.

Naiay iiiai/eneaiiay a?oiia – ianoiua iaeiae e naiu N?aaee ieo: — iaeia
ia eiouanoai oece/aneeo eeoe; — caiaeueiue iaeia; — iaeia ia
no?ieoaeuenoai iauaeoia i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey a eo?i?oiie ciia;
— iaeia ia ia?ai?iaeaaeo aaoiiiaeeae, au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee e
ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia; e i?.

33. Yeaiaiou caeiia i iaeiaa.

Nouanoaoao 7 yeaiaioia caeiia i iaeiaa:

1) Noauaeo. 2) iauaeo. 3) iauaeo iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey. 4) iaeiaiaay
aaca. 5) iaeiaiaay noaaea. 6) iaeiaiaue ia?eiae. 7) n?ie iieaou.

1) Noauaeo – iaeiaiieaoaeueuee e ieaoaeueuee, o.a.
th?eaee/aneea e oece/aneea eeoea, ia eioi?ua a niioaaonoaee n Iaeiaiaui
eiaeaenii aiceiaeaia iaycaiiinoue oiea/eaaoue iaeiae e nai?u.

2) Iauaeo – eiouanoai, i?eaueue, aeioiae, noieiinoue
?aaeeciaaiiuo oiaa?ia, auiieiaiiuo ?aaio eeai eiia yeiiiie/anee
iainiiaaiiia, eiathuaa noieiinoioth, eiee/anoaaiioth eee oece/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee, n iaee/eai eioi?uo o iaeiaiieaoaeueueea aicieeaao
iaycaiiinoue oiea/eaaoue iaeiae.

3) Iaeiaiaay noaaea – ?acia? iaeiaa ia aaeeieoeo ecia?aiey
iaeiaeaiey. ?acee/atho a caaeneiinoe io iino?iaiey iaeiaiaiai iaeiaeaiey
(ia/eneaiee) – oa??aeua (aaniethoiay noiia) e aeieaaua noaaee
(ii?aaeaeaiiua aeiee iauaeoa iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey).

4) Iaeiaiaua eueaiou – iieiia eee /anoe/iia inaiaiaeaeaiea io
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ieaoaeueueea a niioaaonoaee n aeaenoaothuei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

5) Iaeiaiaue ia?eiae – eaeaiaea?iue aiae eee eiie ia?eiae
a?aiaie, ii ieii/aiee eioi?iai ii?aaeaeyaony iaeiaiaay aaca e
en/eneyaony noiia iaeiaa, iiaeeaaeauay oieaoa.

6) Iaeiaiaay aaca – oece/aneay, noieiinoiay eee eiay
oa?aeoa?enoeea iauaeoa iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey.

7) N?ie iieaou – onoaiiaeaiu i?eiaieoaeueii e eaaeaeiio iaeiao
e nai?o, eciaiaiea n?ieia aeiioneaaony oieueei a ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii
Iaeiaiaui eiaeaenii

34. I?aaa iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia eae noauaeoia iaeiaiauo i?aaiioiioaiee.

Iaeiaiieaoaeueueee eiatho neaaeothuea i?aaa, eioi?ua iai?aaeaiu ia oi,
/oiau iaania/eoue ei aiciiaeiinoue caueou naieo i?aa e eioa?ania:

— i?aaenoaaeyoue aeieoiaiou, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea i?aai ia eueaiou ii
iaeiaai;

— iieueciaaoueny eueaioaie ii oieaoa iaeiaia ia iniiaaiee e a ii?yaeea,
onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie;

— ciaeiieoueny n aeoaie i?iaa?ie, i?iaaaeaiiuo iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie;

— i?aaenoaaeyoue iaeiaiaui i?aaiai iiyniaiey ii en/eneaieth e oieaoa
iaeiaia e ii aeoai i?iaaaeaiiuo i?iaa?ie;

— a onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea iaaeaeiaaoue ?aoaiey iaeiaiauo
i?aaiia e aeaenoaey eo aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe e ae?oaea i?aaa, onoaiiaeaiiua
caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie.

Iaeniieiaiea iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie naieo iaycaiiinoae iaania/eaaaony
ia?aie ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?eioaeaeaiey. A yoeo neo/ayo i?eiaiythony ia?u
aaeieieno?aoeaiie e oaieiaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, a oaeaea oeiainiaua
naieoeee. Iiieii ieo eniieuecothony caeia aeaiaaeiuo e
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, ii?o/eoaeuenoai eee aa?aioey
e?aaeeoi?ia iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia.

Acuneaiea iaaeieiee ii iaeiaai e ae?oaei iaycaoaeueiui ieaoaaeai, a
oaeaea noii oo?aoia e eiuo naieoeee i?iecaiaeeony a aannii?iii ii?yaeea
— n th?eaee/aneeo eeoe, a noaeaaiii — n oece/aneeo eeoe. N?ie eneiaie
aeaaiinoe ii acuneaieth iaeiaia n oece/aneeo eeoe ninoaaeyao o?e aiaea,
aannii?iue ii?yaeie acuneaiey iaaeieiie n th?eaee/aneeo eeoe iiaeao
auoue i?eiaiai a oa/aiea oanoe eao. I?e yoii acuneaiea iaaeieiee n
th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe ia?auaaony ia eo aeioiaeu, a a neo/aa
ionoonoaey oaeiauo — ia eiouanoai.

Aiaeece?oy i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii naieoeee, eioi?ua
i?eiaiythony e iaeiaiieaoaeueueeai, a oaeaea aiineiua a i?aaiaua ii?iu
eciaiaiey, iiaeii caiaoeoue oneeaiea iaoa?eaeueiiai aicaeaenoaey n
iiiiuueth naieoeee, iaeaaaaiuo ia

ia?ooeoaeae iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Oa?aeoa?ai oaeaea ia?aoiae
naieoeee, i?eiaiyaiuo e aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai e a?aaeaeaiai, a
niioaaonoaothueo neo/ayo a ?acia?ao, e?aoiuo onoaiiaeaiiie
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ieieiaeueiie ca?aaioiie ieaoa. I?eiaiaiea naieoeee e
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeai — th?eaee/aneei eeoeai nii?iaiaeaeaaony a
niioaaonoaothueo neo/ayo e ioaaonoaaiiinoueth aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe.

35. I?aaa e iaycaiiinoe iaeiaiauo i?aaiia eae noauaeoia iaeiaiauo
i?aaiioiioaiee.

Iaycaiiinoe iaeiaiauo i?aaiia cae?aieaiu a Caeiia i ainoaea?noaaiiie
iaeiaiaie neoaeaa e Caeiia ia iniiaao iaeiaiaie nenoaiu a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee e ninoiyo a neaaeothuai:

— iaania/aiee iinooieaiey iaeiaia a athaeaeaoioth nenoaio e
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu a onoaiiaeaiiua n?iee e a niioaaonoaee n
i?aaeoniio?aiiuie noaaeaie.

— aaaeaiee o/aoa iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia. Aaiee e ae?oaea e?aaeeoiua
o/?aaeaeaiey ioe?uaatho ?an/aoiua, eiua n/aoa iaeiaiieaoaeueueeai
oieueei i?e i?aaeuyaeaiee oaie aeieoiaioa, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuaai
iinoaiiaeo ia o/ao a iaeiaiaii i?aaia, e a iyoeaeiaaiue n?ie niiauatho a
yoio i?aai ia ioe?uoee oeacaiiuo n/aoia;

— io?aia eiiia?/aneie oaeiu, oaeiu naaaeaiee i aeeaaeao oece/aneeo eeoe;

— aiciauaiee a onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea oua?aa (aeeth/ay oiouaiioth
auaiaeo), i?e/eiaiiiai iaeiaiieaoaeueueeai aneaaenoaea iaiaaeeaaeauaai
inouanoaeaiey iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie e eo nio?oaeieeaie aiceiaeaiiuo ia ieo
iaycaiiinoae.

Aeey ?aaeecaoeee aiceiaeaiiuo ia ieo iaycaiiinoae iaeiaiaui i?aaiai e eo
aeieaeiinoiui, eeoeai i?aaeinoaaeaiu niioaaonoaothuea i?aaa.

Iaeiaiaua i?aaiu ai?aaa:

a) aicaoaeaeaoue oiaeaoaenoaa i cai?auaiee caieiaoueny
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoueth;

a) i?aaeuyaeyoue a noae eee a?aeo?aaeiue noae enee: i eeeaeaeaoeee
i?aaei?eyoee; i i?eciaiee naeaeie iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie e acuneaiee a
aeioiae ainoaea?noaa anaai iieo/aiiiai ii oaeei naeaeeai; i acuneaiee
iainiiaaoaeueii i?eia?aoaiiiai ia ii naeaeea, a a ?acoeueoaoa iacaeiiiuo
aeaenoaee; i i?eciaiee

?aaeno?aoeee i?aaei?eyoey iaaeaenoaeoaeueiie a neo/aa ia?ooaiey
onoaiiaeaiiiai ii?yaeea nicaeaiey i?aaei?eyoey eee ianiioaaonoaey
o/?aaeeoaeueiuo aeieoiaioia o?aaiaaieyi caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa e acuneaiee
aeioiaeia, iieo/aiiuo yoei i?aaei?eyoeai, a oaeaea ae?oaea i?aaa,
i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai onoaiaaeeaaao i?aaa aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe iaeiaiauo
i?aaiia, a iniiaiii eiio?iee?othuaai oa?aeoa?a:

i?iaa?youe aeieoiaiou, naycaiiua n en/eneaieai e oieaoie iaeiaia;
ianeaaeiaaoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiua, neeaaeneea iiiauaiey
iaeiaiieaoaeueueea; iieo/aoue aac iieaou io anao th?eaee/aneeo eeoe
aeaiiua, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey en/eneaiey iaeiaiauo ieaoaaeae
iaeiaiieaoaeueueea.

E?iia oiai, aeieaeiinoiua eeoea iaeiaiauo i?aaiia ai?aaa i?eiaiyoue ia?u
i?ana/aiey:

— i?einoaiaaeeaaoue iia?aoeee iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia ii n/aoai a aaieao e
ae?oaeo e?aaeeoiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo a neo/ayo iai?aaenoaaeaiey a iaeiaiaue
i?aai aeieoiaioia, naycaiiuo n en/eneaieai eee oieaoie iaeiaia;

— ecuiaoue o iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia aeieoiaiou, naeaeaoaeuenoaothuea i
nie?uoee eee caieaeaiee aeioiaea (i?eauee) eee i nie?uoee eiuo iauaeoia
io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, n iaeiia?aiaiiui i?iecaiaenoaii iniio?a aeieoiaioia
e oeenaoeeae eo niaea?aeaiey.

E i?aaai aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe iaeiaiauo i?aaiia ioianaii oaeaea iaeiaeaiea
aaeieieno?aoeaiuo oo?aoia ia ?oeiaiaeeoaeae aaieia, e?aaeeoiuo
o/?aaeaeaiee e oeiainiauo i?aaiia a neo/aa iaauiieiaiey oeacaiee
iaeiaiauo i?aaiia.

38 Ii?yaeie en/eneaiey e oieaou iaeiaa ia eiouanoai i?aaei?eyoee.

Iaeia ia eiouanoai i?aaei?eyoee onoaiiaeai Caeiiii ?O «I
iaeiaa ie’ eiouanoai i?aaei?eyoee» io 13 aeaeaa?y 1991 a. (n eciaiaieyie
e aeiiieiaieyie), e ioiineony e ?aaeiiaeueiui iaeiaai.

Ieaoaeueueeaie iaeiaa ia eiouanoai yaeythony:

-i?aaei?eyoey;

– o/?aaeaeaiey-(aeeth/ay aaiee e ae?oaea e?aaeeoiua i?aaiecaoeee) e i?aa
iecaoeee, a oii /enea n eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyie, n/eoathueany
th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie ii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee;

– eiiiaiee, oe?iu, ethaua ae?oaea i?aaiecaoeee (aeeth/ay iieiua
oiaa?euanoaa), ia?aciaaiiua a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
eiino?aiiuo ainoaea?noa, iaaeaeoia?iaeiua i?aaiecaoeee e iauaaeeiaiey, a
oaeaea eo iainiaeaiiua iiae?acaeaeaiey, eiathuea eiouanoai ia oa??eoi?ee
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, eiioeiaioaeueiii oaeueoa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
e a eneeth/eoaeueiie yeiiiie/aneie ciia.

Iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey yaeythony iniiaiua n?aaenoaa, iaiaoa?eaeueiua
aeoeau, caianu e cao?aou, iaoiaeyueany ia aaeaina ieaoaeueueea.

Iniiaiua n?aaenoaa, iaiaoa?eaeueiua aeoeau, iaeioeaiiua e
auno?ieciaoeaathueany i?aaeiaou aeey oeaeae iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey
o/eouaathony ii inoaoi/iie noieiinoe. I?aaeaeueiue ?acia? iaeiaiaie
noaaee ia eiouanoai i?aaei?eyoey ia ii_aeai i?aauoaoue 2% io
iaeiaiiaeaaaaiie aacu.

Eiie?aoiua noaaee iaeiaa ia eiouanoai i?aaei?eyoee, ii?aaeaeyaiua a
caaeneiinoe io aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee, onoaiaaeeaathony
i?aaiaie caeiiiaeaoaeueiie (i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie) aeanoe noauaeoia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

I?e ionoonoaee ?aoaiee i?aaiia caeiiiaeaoaeueiie (i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie)
aeanoe noauaeoia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia onoaiiaeaiee
eiie?aoiuo noaaie iaeiaa ia eiouanoai i?aaei?eyoee i?eiaiyaony
iaeneiaeueiay noaaea iaeiaa.

Noiia iaeiaa en/eneyaony ieaoaeueueeaie naiinoiyoaeueii aaeaeaa?oaeueii
ia?anoathuei eoiaii n ia/aea aiaea enoiaey ec ii?aaeaeyaiie ca io/aoiue
ia?eiae oaeoe/aneie n?aaeiaaiaeiaie noieiinoe eiouanoaa, ?ann/eoaiiie n
o/aoii oiaiueoaiey noieiinoe eiouanoaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiie
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, e noaaee iaeiaa.

Noiia iaeiaa, iiaeeaaeauay oieaoa a athaeaeao, ii?aaeaeyaony n o/aoii
?aiaa ia/eneaiiuo ieaoaaeae ca io/aoiue ia?eiae.

Ioaaonoaaiiinoue ieaoaeueueeia iaeiaa ia eiouanoai i?aaiecaoeee
ianooiaao a niioaaonoaee n ?acaeaeii VI Iaeiaiaiai eiaeaena ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee e ae?oaeie ii?iaoeaiuie i?aaiauie aeoaie

39. Iaeia ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue.

Iaeia ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue (IAeN) aaaaeai Caeiiii ?O io 6
aeaeaa?y 1991 a. Aei yoiai oaeiai iaeiaa a no?aia ia auei. A oio aea
aeaiue Aa?oiaiue Niaao ?O i?eiye Caeii «Ia aeoeecao».

Iaeia ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue eiaao oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea a
eaieoaeenoe/anee ?acaeouo no?aiao. Iaeiaiiaaiea aai iauyniyaony oai, /oi
iaeia oiea/eaaaony n oie /anoe noieiinoe, eioi?ay aeiaaaeyaony
(i?e?anoaao) ia eaaeaeie noaaeee i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?a
(?aaio, oneoa).

Ii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao ?O iaeia ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie oi?io ecuyoey a athaeaeao /anoe aeiaaaeaiiie noieiinoe,
nicaeaaaaiie ia anao noaaeeyo i?iecaiaenoaa. Yoa /anoue noieiinoe
ii?aaeaeyaony eae ?acieoea iaaeaeo noieiinoueth ?aaeeciaaiiuo oiaa?ia,
?aaio e oneoa e noieiinoueth iaoa?eaeueiuo cao?ao, ioianaiiuo ia
ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa e ia?auaiey.

Ieaoaeueueeaie iaeiaa yaeythony i?aaei?eyoey (oeeeaeu, ioaeaeaiey)
iacaaeneii io oi?i nianoaaiiinoe, i?iecaiaeyuea e ?aaeecothuea
i?iaeoeoeeth i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoie/aneiai iacia/aiey, oiaa?u ia?iaeiiai
iio?aaeaiey, ieaoiua ?aaiou e oneoae. A e?oa ieaoaeueueeia IAeN
aeeth/aiu oaeaea iieiua oiaa?euanoaa, ?aaeecothuea oiaa?u, ?aaiou e
oneoae io naiaai eiaie. Ana iie a Caeiia ia IAeN oneiaii eiaiothony
i?aaei?eyoeyie.

Iauaeoaie iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey yaeythony iai?iou (oi anoue au?o/ea) ii
?aaeecaoeee ia oa??eoi?ee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee oiaa?ia, auiieiaiiuo
?aaio e ieacaiiuo oneoa. Aiineaaenoaee Caeiiii «I aianaiee eciaiaiee e
aeiiieiaiee a ioaeaeueiua caeiiu ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i iaeiaao» io 22
aeaeaa?y 1992 a. e iauaeoai iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey auee ioianaiu aaiceiua ia
oa?-ieoi?eth ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee oiaa?u a niioaaonoaee n oaiiaeaiiui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O.

Caeii eiie?aoece?oao iieiaeaiey ia iauaeoao iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, ii?aaeaeyy
ianeieueei a?oii iai?ioia, a eiaiii:

a) iai?iou ii ?aaeecaoeee anao oiaa?ia eae nianoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa,
oae e i?eia?aoaiiuo ia noi?iia; a) iai?iou ii ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia
(?aaio, oneoa) aioo?e i?aaei?eyoey aeey ioaeae nianoaaiiiai iio?aaeaiey,
cao?aou ii eioi?ui ia ioiinyony ia ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa e ia?auaiey,
a oaeaea naiei ?aaioieeai: a) iai?iou ii ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia (?aaio,
oneoa) aac iieaou noieiinoe a iaiai ia ae?oaea oiaa?u (?aaiou, oneoae);
e i?.

N?iee oieaou iaeiaa. Iaeia oiea/eaaaony aaeaiany/ii, enoiaey ec
oaeoe/aneeo iai?ioia ii ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?ia (?aaio, oneoa) ca enoaeoee
eaeaiaea?iue ianyoe, ia iicaeiaa 20 /enea neaaeothuaai ianyoea.

40. Aeoeecu. Oa?iei «aeoeec» i?ienoiaeeo io eaoeineiai neiaa annaeaaa
(ia?acaoue). Aeoeecu, eae e iaeia ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue, eiatho
oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea a no?aiao n eaieoaeenoe/aneie yeiiiieeie.

Aeoeec, aoaeo/e einaaiiui iaeiaii, eiaao ii?aaeaeaiiia noiaenoai n
iaeiaii ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue, ii ioee/aaony io iaai naiae
eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaiiinoueth, i?eayceie e eiie?aoiui oiaa?ai. Iai?eia?,
a O?A iiaeaeoeeciuie yaeythony neaa?aou, ieai, nieue, /ae, oenon,
ea?aeueiua ea?ou. A no?aiao Caiaaea iiae aeoeecu iiaeiaaeatho iau/ii
oiaa?u ianniaiai aioo?aiiaai iio?aaeaiey.

Ii Caeiio ?O aeoeecu — yoi oaeaea einaaiiua iaeiae, aeeth/aaiua a oeaio
oiaa?a e iiea/eaaaiua iieoiaoaeai. A Caeiia aeaaony eiie?aoiue ia?a/aiue
oiaa?ia, iiaeeaaeaueo iaeiaeaieth aeoeecaie.

Ieaoaeueueeaie aeoeecia aunooiatho:

a) ii oiaa?ai ioa/anoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa — i?aaei?eyoey e
i?aaiecaoeee, aeeth/ay i?aaei?eyoey n eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyie, a
oaeaea eo oeeeaeu, ioaeaeaiey e ae?oaea iainiaeaiiua iiae?acaeaeaiey,
?aaeecothuea i?iecaiaeeiua eie oiaa?u. Ieaoaeueueeaie aeoeecia ii
oiaa?ai, au?aaioaiiui ec aeaaaeue/aneiai nu?uey, yaeythony i?aaei?eyoey
e i?aaiecaoeee, iieaoeaoea noieiinoue ?aaiou ii ecaioiaeaieth yoeo
oiaa?ia e ?aaeecothuea eo; a) ii aaiceiui ia oa??eoi?eth ?O oiaa?ai —
i?aaei?eyoey e ae?oaea eeoea, ii?aaeaeyaiua a niioaaonoaee n oaiiaeaiiui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. Eae i?aaeei, yoi aeaeea?aio (o. a. eeoei,
i?aaenoaaeythuaa aeaeea?aoeeth i aaica oiaa?ia).

Iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ii aeoeecai yaeyaony iai?io ii ?aaeecaoeee
oeacaiiuo oiaa?ia nianoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, aeeth/ay eo ?aaeecaoeeth
ainoaea?noaai NIA”, ii oiaa?ai, aaiceiui ia oa??eoi?eth ?O,— oaiiaeaiiay
noieiinoue, ii?aaeaeyaiay a niioaaonoaee n oaiiaeaiiui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii”.

41. Iaeia ia i?eaueue e iiaeioiaeiue iaeia n i?aaei?eyoee

Iaeia ia i?eaueue i?aaei?eyoee e i?aaiecaoeee onoaiiaeai Caeiiii io 27
aeaeaa?y 1991 a^° e aaaaeai n 1992 a. acaiai ?aiaa aeaenoaiaaaoeo
ieaoaaeae ec i?eauee ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee e iaeiaia n eieoicia
e eiiia?aoeaiuo i?aaiecaoeee. E?oiiua iinooieaiey ii yoiio iaeiao
iicaieytho eniieueciaaoue aai a ea/anoaa ?aaoee?othuaai aeioiaeiiai
enoi/ieea a ioiioaiee athaeaeaoia noauaeoia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

Ieaoaeueueeaie iaeiaa yaeythony i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeee (a oii /enea
athaeaeaoiua), aeeth/ay nicaeaiiua ia oa??eoi?ee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
i?aaei?eyoey n eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyie, eo oeeeaeu e ae?oaea
aiaeiae/iua iiae?acaeaeaiey, eiathuea ioaeaeueiue aaeain e ?an/aoiue
n/ao, a oaeaea iaaeaeoia?iaeiua iauaaeeiaiey e i?aaiecaoeee,
inouanoaeythuea i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneoth aeayoaeueiinoue.

Iauaeo iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey — aaeiaay i?eaueue i?aaei?eyoey, iieo/aiiay io
?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa), eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey, a oii
/enea iniiaiuo oiiaeia, e aeioiaeia io aia?aaeecaoeeiiiuo iia?aoeee, A
ninoaa iineaaeieo aoiaeyo aeioiaeu, iieo/aaiua io aeieaaiai o/anoey a
aeayoaeueiinoe ae?oaeo i?aaei?eyoee, io naea/e eiouanoaa a a?aiaeo,
aeioiaeu ii oeaiiui aoiaaai, i?eiaaeeaaeauei i?aaei?eyoeth, e ae?oaea
aeioiaeu, iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia naycaiiua n i?iecaiaenoaii i?iaeoeoeee
(?aaio, oneoa) e aa ?aaeecaoeeae. Nthaea aea aoiaeyo noiiu, iieo/aiiua a
aeaea naieoeee e a aiciauaiea oua?aa.

Ec aaeiaie i?eauee aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iaeaaaaiie i?eauee Caeii
i?aaeoniao?eaaao ?yae au/aoia (?aioiua ieaoaaee a athaeaeao, aeioiaeu ii
oeaiiui aoiaaai, i?eaueue io iin?aaeie/aneeo iia?aoeee e eiua aeioiaeu,
iiaeeaaeauea iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth a ae?oaii ii?yaeea). Ec aaeiaie i?eauee
au/eoathony oaeaea io/eneaiey a ?aca?aiue oiiae aei onoaiiaeaiiuo
?acia?ia.

N?iee oieaou iaeiaa. Iaeia oiea/eaaaony iieaa?oaeueii n aaainiauie
aciinaie ia iicaeiaa 15 /enea eaaeaeiai ianyoea.

36. Iiaeioiaeiue iaeia n oece/aneeo eeoe

Iiaeioiaeiue iaeia n oece/aneeo eeoe — iaeaieaa cia/eoaeueiue e ii
noiiai iinooieaiee, e ii e?oao ieaoaeueueeia ec /enea i?yiuo iaeiaia n
ianaeaiey. Ioaaouaay ?aciiia?aciua enoi/ieee aeioiaeia a?aaeaeai, ii
naycai n ?acee/iuie noa?aie eo aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ieaoaeueueeaie iiaeioiaeiiai iaeiaa yaeythony a?aaeaeaia ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, eiino?aiiua a?aaeaeaia e eeoea aac a?aaeaeainoaa, eae
eiathuea iinoiyiiia ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa a no?aia, oae e ia eiathuea aai.
Ana iie iaiauaiii eiaiothony a caeiia oece/aneeie eeoeaie.

Aianoa n oai Caeii ?acee/aao iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea eeoe, eiathueo iinoiyiiia
ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa (e iei ioiinyony oa ec ieo, eioi?ua i?iaeeaatho a ?O
a iauae neiaeiinoe ia iaiaa 183 aeiae a eaeaiaea?iii aiaeo) e iaeiathueo
oaeiaiai.

Iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey yaeyaony niaieoiiue aeioiae oece/aneiai eeoea,
iieo/aiiue ei a eaeaiaea?iii aiaeo (o. a. n 1 yiaa?y ii 31 aeaeaa?y),
eae a aeaiaaeiie (iaoeeiiaeueiie eee eiino?aiiie aaethoa), oae e a
iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia. Aeioiaeu, iieo/aiiua a iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia,
o/eouaathony ii ainoaea?noaaiiui ?aaoee?oaiui oeaiai, a i?e eo
ionoonoaee — ii naiaiaeiui (?uii/iui) oeaiai ia aeaoo iieo/aiey
aeioiaea.

I?e yoii o oece/aneeo eeoe, eiathueo iinoiyiiia ianoiaeeoaeuenoai a ?O,
o/eouaaaony aeioiae io enoi/ieeia a no?aia e ca aa i?aaeaeaie, a o
oece/aneeo eeoe, ia eiathueo iinoiyiiiai ianoiaeeoaeuenoaa,— oieueei io
enoi/ieeia a ?O.

Caeii onoaiaaeeaaao ia?a/aiue aeioiaeia, ia iiaeeaaeaueo
iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth. I?e yoii a iai auaeaeythony aeaa a?oiiu aeioiaeia:
ai-ia?auo, ia aeeth/aaiua a niaieoiiue aeioiae, e, ai-aoi?uo, noiiu
aeioiaeia (?anoiaeia), ia eioi?ua i?iecaiaeeony oiaiueoaiea niaieoiiiai
aeioiaea.

A Caeiia i iiaeioiaeiii iaeiaa iniai ?aaoee?oaony ii?yaeie
i?aaenoaaeaiey aeaeea?aoeee i aeioiaeao. A n?aaiaiee n ?aiaa
aeaenoaiaaaoei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii cia/eoaeueii ?anoe?yaony e?oa eeoe,
eioi?ui iaaeeaaeeo i?aaenoaaeyoue aeaeea?aoeeth iaeiaiaui i?aaiai.

Io i?aaenoaaeaiey aeaeea?aoeee inaiaiaeaeathony eeoea, eiathuea aeioiae
oieueei io auiieiaiey o?oaeiauo iaycaiiinoae ii ianoo iniiaiie ?aaiou, a
oaeaea oa eeoea, niaieoiiue iaeaaaaiue aeioiae eioi?uo ia i?aauoaao
onoaiiaeaiioth Caeiiii noiio (o. a. noiio aeioiaea, en/eneaiea iaeiaa n
eioi?ie i?iecaiaeeony ii ieieiaeueiie noaaea).

A ae?oaeo neo/ayo o?aaoaony i?aaenoaaeaiea aeaeea?aoeee iaeiaiaiio
i?aaio ii ianoo iinoiyiiiai aeeoaeuenoaa ia iicaeiaa 1 ai?aey aiaea,
neaaeothuaai ca io/aoiui.

37. Iaeia ia eiouanoai oece/aneeo eeoe

Caeii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «I iaeiaa ia eiouanoai oece/aneeo eeoe» aue
i?eiyo 9 aeaeaa?y 1991 a. Iniaaiiinoue eiouanoaaiiuo iaeiaia ninoieo a
oii, /oi eo iauaeoii yaeyaony eiouanoai naii ii naaa, a ia eae enoi/iee
aeioiaea. ?anniao?eaaaiue Caeii eae aaeeiue aeo onoaiiaee
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea eiouanoaa a?aaeaeai, ioaaouaathuaa ?aciiia?aciua aai
aeaeu. Auaeaeaiu a ii?yaeea eneeth/aiey eeoue aaoiiiaeee, iioioeeeeu e
ae?oaea naiioiaeiua iaoeiu e iaoaieciu ia iiaaiioiaeo, iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea
eioi?uo ?aaoee?oaony iniaui ii?iaoeaiui aeoii.

E?oa iauaeoia iaeiaa ia eiouanoai ii aeaenoaothuaio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao
nouanoaaiii ?anoe?ai. Ieaoaeueueeaie iaeiaa yaeythony oece/aneea eeoea,
eiathuea a nianoaaiiinoe iauaeou, oeacaiiua a Caeiia i aeaiiii iaeiaa.

Iauaeou iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey — aeeeua aeiia, eaa?oe?u, aea/e, aa?aaee e eiua
no?iaiey, iiiauaiey e nii?oaeaiey, a oaeaea iioi?iua eiaeee, aa?oieaou,
naiieaou e ae?oaea o?ainii?oiua n?aaenoaa (ca i?eaaaeaiiui auoa
eneeth/aieai). Iaycaiiinoue oieaou iaeiaa n yoeo iauaeoia aicieeaao o
oece/aneeo eeoe oieueei a oii neo/aa, anee iie iaoiaeyony o iaai a
nianoaaiiinoe.

Ii?aaeaeyy noaaee iaeiaa, Caeii aeaeeo iauaeou iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ia aeaa
a?oiiu.

1. Ca no?iaiey, iiiauaiey e nii?oaeaiey oiea/eaaaony aaeaaiaeii aei 0,1%
io eo eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie noieiinoe, ii?aaeaeyaiie aeey ?an/aoa noiiu ii
iaycaoaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth. Noaaee a yoii i?aaeaea aaeaaiaeii
onoaiaaeeaathony i?aaiaie caeiiiaeaoaeueiie (i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie) aeanoe
noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee.

2. O?ainii?oiua n?aaenoaa iaeaaathony iaeiaii a caaeneiinoe io iiuiinoe
aeaeaaoaey ii noaaeai, onoaiiaeaiiui n eaaeaeie eioaaeeiie neeu eee n
eaaeaeiai eeeiaaooa iiuiinoe a i?ioeaioao e ieieiaeueiie ca?aaioiie
ieaoa (io 3 aei 13,5%). Iie ?acee/athony ii aeaeai o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa
(aa?oieaou e naiieaou, yoou e eaoa?a, e o. ae.).

I?aaeoniio?aiu iiiai/ene. Eueaiou. Iineieueeo aeaiiue aeae iaeiaa
yaeyaony ianoiui e ca/eneyaony a ianoiue athaeaeao (ii ianoo
iaoiaeaeaiey, ?aaeno?aoeee eiouanoaa), oi i?aaiu aeanoe aaoiiiiiuo
ie?oaia e aaoiiiiiie iaeanoe e i?aaiu ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey iiaoo
i?aaeinoaaeyoue aeiiieieoaeueiua, iiieii i?aaeoniio?aiiuo a Caeiia,
eueaiou e oiaiueoaoue ?acia?u noaaie.

42. Caiaeueiue iaeia

Caiaeueiue iaeia onoaiiaeai Caeiiii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «I ieaoa ca
caieth» io 11 ieoya?y 1991 a. A nayce n aai i?eiyoeai i?ae?auaii
aceiaiea iaeiaia, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii NNN?,—
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai, caiaeueiiai e iaeiaa n aeaaeaeueoeaa no?iaiee.

Niaeanii iacaaiiiio Caeiio caiaeueiue iaeia, yaeyynue enoi/ieeii
athaeaeaoiuo aeioiaeia, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaeio ec oi?i ieaou ca
caieth a nayce n onoaiiaeaieai ieaoiinoe caieaiieueciaaiey. Oeaeue
aaaaeaiey ieaou ca caieth — noeioee?iaaiea ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
eniieueciaaiey caiaeue, au?aaieaaiea nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaee
oicyenoaiaaiey ia caieyo ?aciiai ea/anoaa, iaania/aiea ?acaeoey
eio?ano?oeoo?u a ianaeaiiuo ioieoao, oi?ie?iaaiey niaoeeaeueiuo oiiaeia
oeiaine?iaaiey yoeo ia?ii?eyoee. Oaeei ia?acii, caeii ii?aaeaeyao
eiie?aoiia oeaeaaia iacia/aiea iaeiaa ia caieth.

Ieaoaeueueeaie iaeiaa yaeythony nianoaaiieee caiee, caieaaeaaeaeueoeu e
caieaiieueciaaoaee. A?aiaeaoi?u ia oiea/eaatho caiaeueiue iaeia, oae eae
ca caieth, ia?aaeaiioth a a?aiaeo, n ieo aceiaaony a?aiaeiay ieaoa.

Iauaeo iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey — caiey. I?e yoii caeii aeaeeo caiee ia aeaa
aeaea: a) naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey (aeey eioi?uo ?acia?
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ieaea) e a) ianaeueneioicyenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey.

I?e aceiaiee iaeiaa ca caiee naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey caeii
?acee/aao aeaa a?oiiu iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia A ia?aoth aoiaeyo eieoicu,
niaoicu, oa?ia?neea oicyenoaa, iaaeoicyenoaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey e
i?aaiecaoeee, eiiia?aoeau e ae?oaea naeueneioicyenoaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey.
N ieo aceiaaony oieueei caiaeueiue iaeia, ana inoaeueiua iaeiae ii
ioiioaieth e iei ia i?eiaiythony. Ii anee i?aaei?eyoea eiaao aeioiaeu io
ianaeueneioicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, oi ia ieo iieiaeaiea ia
inaiaiaeaeaiee io iaeiaia ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony.

Ei aoi?ie a?oiia ioianaiu naeueneioicyenoaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey
eiaeono?eaeueiiai oeia (ioeoeaoaa?eee, oaiee/iua eiiaeiaou,
caa?iniaoicu, aeeaioiiaiae/aneea eiiieaenu e ae?.) ii ia?a/ith,
ooaa?aeaeaiiiio i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee.
Yoe i?aaei?eyoey aeieaeiu oiea/eaaoue, e?iia iaeiaa ia caieth, e ae?oaea
iaeiae.

Aaeeieoeae iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey aeey ia?a/eneaiiuo ieaoaeueueeia ii?aaeaeai
iaeei aaeoa? (1 aa) iaoie.

Noaaee, iaeiaa. Caeii ooaa?aeaeaao n?aaeiea noaaee ii ?anioa-^ eeeai,
e?ayi, iaeanoyi, aaoiiiiiie iaeanoe, aaoiiiiiui ie?o-^ aai, ia iniiaaiee
eioi?uo niioaaonoaothuea i?aaiu caeiiiaeaoaeueiie (i?aaenoaaeoaeueiie)
aeanoe noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee oo-. aa?aeaeatho noaaee iaeiaa aeey aeaiiie
oa??eoi?ee. I?e eo ii?aaeaeaiee aeieaeii o/eouaaoueny ea/anoai
caiaeueiuo oaiaeee. Yoe aea i?aaiu onoaiaaeeaatho ieieiaeueiua noaaee ca
iaeei aaeoa? iaoie e ae?oaeo naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo oaiaeee.

Iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea caiaeue ianaeueneioicyenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey. E iei
ioianaiu caiee ai?iaeia, ?aai/eo, eo?i?oiuo e aea/iuo iinaeeia, a oaeaea
?aniieiaeaiiua aia ianaeaiiuo ioieoia caiee ?acee/iiai niaoeeaeueiiai
iacia/aiey.

Ia?a/eneaiiua aeaeu caiaeue iaeaaathony iaeiaii ii ?aciui noaaeai,
iaeiaei aieueoae /anoueth iie auoa noaaie ii caieyi
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey (ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa, eiaaea e
iineaaeiei i?e?aaieaathony ioaeaeueiua aeaeu caiaeue).

N?aaenoaa, iieo/aiiua io yoiai iaeiaa, eiatho oeaeaaia iacia/aiea. Iie
oioy e ca/eneythony a athaeaeao (ianoiue), ii o/eouaathony a iai
ioaeaeueiie no?ieie e aeieaeiu eniieueciaaoueny eneeth/eoaeueii ia
oeacaiiua a Caeiia oeaee (oeiaine?iaaiea ia?ii?eyoee ii caieaono?ienoao,
iiauoaieth eo ieiaei?iaeey e o. i., oeene?iaaiiua auieaou iieueciaaoaeyi
caiee, aaaeouei naeueneioicyenoaaiiia i?iecaiaenoai ia caieyo ieceiai
ea/anoaa).

43 Aaeeiue nioeeaeueiue iaeia (aciin).

ANI i?aaeiacia/ai aeey iiaeeecaoeee n?aaenoa i?e ?aaeecaoeee
i?aaa a?aaeaeai ia ain-iia iaineiiiia e nioe-ia iaania/aiea
(no?aoiaaiea) e iaae-oth iiiiuue. Yoi oaae-e iaeia. Iaeiaiieao-ie ANI
i?eciathony: 1) eeoea, i?iecaiaeyuea auieaou oec. Eeoeai: i?a-oeee;
eiaeeaeae-a i?aaei?ei-ee; oec. Eeoea, ia i?eciaaaaiua eiaeea-ie
i?aaei?ei-ie; 2) Eiaeea-a i?aaei?ei-ee e i?e?aaiaiiua e iei eeoea,
aaeaieaou.

Iaueaeoii iaeiaeaiey ya-ny: 1. Aeey oec. Eeoe, ia i?eciaaaaiuo
eiaeea-ie i?aaei?ei-ie iauaeoii yaeyaony auieaou e eiua aiciaa?aaeaeaiey
ii o?oaeiaui e a?aaeae.i-i?aa-ui aeiaia-i, i?aaeiaoii eioi?uo yaeyaony
auiieiaiea ?aaio, ieacaiea oneoa. 2. Aeey i?aai-e e eiaeeaeae-o
i?aaei?ei-e iauaeoii yaeyaony auieaou e eiua aiciaa?aaeaeaiey,
ia/eneyaiua iaeiaiieao-ie a iieueco oec. Eeoe ii o?oaeiaui e
a?aaeae.-i?aa-i aeiaiai?ai, i?aaeiaoii eioi?uo yaeyaony auiieiaiea
?aaio, ieacaiea oneoa, a o.ae. auieaou ii aaoi?neei aeiaiai?ai.

Noaaea ii?aaeae-ny aeey i?a-oeee; eiaeeaeae-o i?aaei?ei-ae;
oec. Eeoe, ia i?eciaaaaiuo eiaeea-ie i?aaei?ei-ie a caaenei-oe io
iaeiaiaie aacu ia eaaeaeiai ioaeae-ai ?aa-ea n ia?anoathuei eoiaii n
ia/aea aiaea. Iieaoa eaeao a oaae. athaeaeao, oiiae nioe. No?ao-y,
oiiaeu iayc-ai iaae-ai no?ao-y. Ia/eiaaony n (aei 100oun.-35,6%) e ii
ia?anoathuae + ii?aae-e % n noiiu i?aauo-e eiia/iue i?aaeae.

Iaeiaiaie aacie yae-ny noiia auieao e eiuo aiciaa?aaeaeaiee,
ia/eneaiiuo iaeiaiie-ie ca iae-e ia?eiae a iieueco oec. Eeoe. Noiiu ia
iiaeeaae-a iaeiaiiae-th: Ain. Iiniaey, eiiiainaoeeiiiua auieaou,
iaoa?eaeueiay iiiiuue, no?aoiaua ieaoaaee(aciinu). Eueaiou-
inaiaiaeae-ny auieaou: ?aaioieeai-eiaaeeaeai, inouanoa-a i?a-ie
eiaaeeaeia, eiino?-ui a?aaeaeaiai e eeoeai aac a?aaeaeainoaa,
aiaiiineoae-i, noaeueyi, i?ieo?i?ai e ae?. Iaeiaiaui ia?eiaeii
i?eciaaony eaeaiaea?iue aiae. Io/aoiuie ia?eiaeaie ii iaeiao i?eciathony
ia?aue eaa?oae, iieoaiaeea e aeaayoue ianyoeaa eaeaiaea?iiai aiaea.

48. Iiiyoea e nenoaia ainoaea?noaaiiuo ?anoiaeia

Iaania/eaay auiieiaiea naieo caaea/ e ooieoeee, ainoaea?noai
?ani?aaeaeyao e eniieuecoao oeiainiaua ?ano?nu.

Cao?aou ainoaea?noaa, au?aaeathuea o?aaoee?iaaiiua i?aaiauie ii?iaie
yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey, neeaaeuaathueany i?e ?ani?aaeaeaiee e
eniieueciaaiee oeaio?aeeciaaiiuo e aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiuo oiiaeia
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa e iaania/eaathuea aai aania?aaieiia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea, yaeythony ainoaea?noaaiiuie ?anoiaeaie.

Yeiiiie/aneay ?ieue ainoaea?noaa i?iyaeyaony a oii, /oi iii ieacuaaao
oeiainiaoth iiaeaea?aeeo io?aneyi ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, oeiaine?oao
nioeeaeueii-eoeueoo?iua ia?ii?eyoey e iaoeo, iaoeeiiaeueioth iai?iio,
i?aaiio?aieoaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue, noaeaaioth nenoaio, nenoaio
ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia oi?aaeaiey, eioi?ua i?aeoe/anee aiieiuatho aai
ooieoeee. Niaieoiiinoue anao aeaeia ?anoiaeia ainoaea?noaa ninoaaeyao
nenoaio aai ?anoiaeia.

Iineieueeo ?anoiaeu ainoaea?noaa iiin?aaenoaotho aai
ooieoee-«.ii?iaaiea, a iniiaiay /anoue eo iie?uaaaony ca n/ao
athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa, nenoaia ?anoiaeia ainoaea?noaaiiiai athaeaeaoa
(o.a. aaeeinoai anao cao?ao, iie?uaaaiuo ca n/ao athaeaeaoa
ainoaea?noaa) i?yii caaeneo io iieeoe/aneiai e
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai oa?aeoa?a aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaa.

Ana noauaeou ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee iaaeaeaiu i?aaii iie?uoey cao?ao,
naycaiiuo n eo ooieoeeiie?iaaieai, ca n/ao naieo athaeaeaoia. Ia?aui
o/anoieeii i?aaiioiioaiee, naycaiiuo n iie?uoeai ?anoiaeia athaeaeaoiuie
n?aaenoaaie, yaeyaony i?aaenoaaeythuee eioa?anu ainoaea?noaa,
ioioneathuaai athaeaeaoiua n?aaenoaa, oeiainiaue i?aai, eioi?ue
ninoaaeyao ?inienue ?anoiaeia athaeaeaoa a niioaaonoaee n eo
iieaa?oaeueiui ?ani?aaeaeaieai, ioe?uaaao e?aaeeou, eiaao i?aaa iocuaa
eo e inouanoaeyao iinoiyiiue eiio?ieue ca eniieueciaaieai athaeaeaoiuo
anneaiiaaiee.

O/anoieeii i?aaiioiioaiee i?e athaeaeaoiii oeiaine?iaaiee yaeyaony
oaeaea e?aaeeoiia o/?aaeaeaiea, a eioi?ii ioe?uo ?an/aoiue, oaeouee
(athaeaeaoiue) n/ao ainoaea?noaaiiie i?aaiecaoeee, iieo/athuae
athaeaeaoiua anneaiiaaiey.

O?aoueei o/anoieeii i?aaiioiioaiee i?e athaeaeaoiii oeiaine?iaaiee
aunooiaao ?anii?yaeeoaeue athaeaeaoiuo e?aaeeoia — ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
o/?aaeaeaiey, i?aaei?eyoey, i?aaiecaoeee, eioi?iio i?aaeinoaaeaii i?aai
?anii?yaeaoueny ioioneaaiuie aeey iaai athaeaeaoiuie anneaiiaaieyie,
ia?aaiaeeoue eo ieaeanoiyuei ?anii?yaeeoaeyi.

49. Iiiyoea e i?eioeeiu oeiaine?iaaiey

?anoiaeu ainoaea?noaa oeiaine?othony a iniiaiii ca n/ao aeioiaea
iauanoaa, eioi?ue eiioeaio?e?oaony a ainoaea?noaaiiii athaeaeaoa.
Cao?aou ainoaea?noaa iie?uaathony oaeaea ca n/ao i?eauee i?aaei?eyoee,
/anoe aii?oecaoeeiiiuo io/eneaiee, aeieain?i/iuo aaieianeeo nnoae e
o.ae. Iiiyoea ?anoiaeia ainoaea?noaa oe?a, /ai iiiyoea ?anoiaeia
ainoaea?noaaiiiai athaeaeaoa, ninoaaeythueo eeoue /anoue iaueo ?anoiaeia
ainoaea?noaa.

?anoiaeu ainoaea?noaaiiiai athaeaeaoa — yoi i?yiua cao?aou ainoaea?noaa,
naycaiiua n aai ooieoeeiie?iaaieai e iie?uaaaiua ca n/ao athaeaeaoiuo
n?aaenoa. Iacaaeneii io eo iai?aaeaiey iie inouanoaeythony ia iniiaa
i?eioeeiia i?aaiecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiuo ?anoiaeia: oeaeaaiai
iai?aaeaiey n?aaenoa, /oi au?aaeaaony a no?iai i?aaeiaoii-oeaeaaii
iacia/aiee (eaieoaeueiua aeiaeaiey, ca?ieaoa, eiiaiaee?iaee e o.ae.);
iaeneiaeueiie yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey, o.a. iaania/aiey iauanoaaiii
iaiaoiaeeiiai ?acoeueoaoa i?e ieieiaeueiuo cao?aoao; e i?.

A i?aeoeeo oeiaine?iaaiey aioei auaeaeaiea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ec
athaeaeaoa ia iniiaao aica?aoiinoe e aiciacaeiinoe. A cia/eoaeueiie
noaiaie oeiaine?iaaiea inouanoaeyaony ia i?aaeieo i?eioeeiao
aacaica?aoiinoe e aacaiciacaeiinoe, ii a neo/ayo iaiaoiaeeiinoe
iieo/aiey athaeaeaoiuo anneaiiaaiee e iaaiciiaeiinoe auaeaeaiey n?aaenoa
ia yoeo i?eioeeiao o/anoieee oeiaine?iaaiey a niioaaonoaee n
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii iiaoo iieo/aoue aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa ec athaeaeaoa
ia aica?aoiie e aiciacaeiie iniiaa.

50. Iiiyoea niaoii-athaeaeaoiiai oeiaine?iaaiey e aai iauaeou

Nouiinoue niaoii-athaeaeaoiiai oeiaine?iaaiey ninoieo a oii, /oi
ainoaea?noaaiiua e ioieoeeiaeueiua o/?aaeaeaiey iai?iecaiaenoaaiiie
noa?u, ia eiathuea naieo aeioiaeia, ana naie ?anoiaeu ia oaeouaa
niaea?aeaiea e ?anoe?aiea aeayoaeueiinoe iie?uaatho ca n/ao athaeaeaoa
ia iniiaa oeiainiauo ieaiia — niao ?anoiaeia. Iauai iaiaoiaeeiuo cao?ao
niaeanii niaoai cae?aieyaony a athaeaeaoao anao o?iaiae.
I?aaeoniio?aiiua niaoaie ?anoiaeia eiie?aoiuo io?aneae e o/?aaeaeaiee e
ooaa?aeaeaiiua athaeaeaoaie noiiu aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa iinyo iacaaiea
athaeaeaoiuo anneaiiaaiee.

Niaoii-athaeaeaoiia oeiaine?iaaiea — yoi aacaica?aoiue e aacaiciacaeiue
ioione aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia iniiaa iaueo i?eioeeiia oeiaine?iaaiey.
Iaeiaei aio naienoaaiiu e niaoeeaeueiua i?eioeeiu, oaeea eae ioione
n?aaenoa ia iaania/aiea aeayoaeueiinoe o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee ec
athaeaeaoa, niioaaonoaothuaai eo iiae/eiaiiinoe; ioione n?aaenoa a
niioaaonoaee n i?ia?aiiaie e ieaiaie yeiiiie/aneiai e nioeeaeueiiai
?acaeoey ia eaaeaeue athaeaeaoiue aiae e a ia?o eo auiieiaiey;
ieaie?iaaiea e oeiaine?iaaiea ia iniiaa yeiiiie/aneeo ii?iaoeaia, iao/ii
iainiiaaiiuo n i?eiaiaieai oaoie/aneeo ii?i eeai ia eiieo?niie iniiaa n
auai?ii i?ei?eoaoiuo iai?aaeaiee (iaoea e iao/iua enneaaeiaaiey) e
eiio?aeoiiai auiieiaiey i?e niaethaeaiee ?aaeeia yeiiiiee.

Ia niaoii-athaeaeaoiii oeiaine?iaaiee iaoiaeyony o/?aaeaeaiey
nioeeaeueiie noa?u: ia?aciaaoaeueiua o/?aaeaeaiey; o/?aaeaeaiey io?aiu
caei?iauey e oece/aneie eoeueoo?u; o/?aaeaeaiey eoeueoo?u.

N?aaee nioeeaeueii-eoeueoo?iuo ia?ii?eyoee e o/?aaeaeaiee, oeiaine?oaiuo
ec athaeaeaoia ?aciuo o?iaiae, aaaeouaa ianoi /aieiatho ia?iaeiia
ia?aciaaiea e iiaeaioiaea eaae?ia (aunoea o/aaiua caaaaeaiey,
i?ioanneiiaeueii-oaoie/aneea o/eeeua, n?aaeiea niaoeeaeueiua o/aaiua
caaaaeaiey, einoeooou iiauoaiey eaaeeoeeaoeee e o.i.). Niaeanii Caeiio
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «Ia ia?aciaaiee» io 10 ethey 1992 a.^
ainoaea?noai aeieaeii aa?aioe?iaaoue aaeaaiaeiia auaeaeaiea oeiainiauo
n?aaenoa ia ioaeaeu ia?aciaaiey a ?acia?a ia iaiaa 10% iaoeeiiaeueiiai
aeioiaea, a oaeaea caueuaiiinoue niioaaonoaothueo ?anoiaeiuo noaoae
athaeaeaoia anao o?iaiae.

A niaoii-athaeaeaoiii ii?yaeea ec oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa ioioneathony
oaeaea n?aaenoaa ia iie?uoea cao?ao ia iaoeeiiaeueioth iai?iio
(niaea?aeaiea Aii?oaeaiiuo Nee, caeoieo aii?oaeaiee e aiaiiie oaoieee,
iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneea e iiuoii-eiino?oeoi?neea ?aaiou, eaieoaeueiia
no?ieoaeuenoai, iainee aiaiiineoaeauei, ?anoiaeu Ieienoa?noaa ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee ii aoiiiie yia?aee), a oaeaea ia eeeaeaeaoeeth aii?oaeaiee,
aeeth/ay auiieiaiea iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo iaycaoaeuenoa.

Aaaeiui iai?aaeaieai eniieueciaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa yaeythony
?anoiaeu ia oi?aaeaiea. Ec oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa oeiaine?othony
?anoiaeu ia Oi?aaeaiea aeaeaie I?aceaeaioa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee,
Ainoaea?noaaiioth Aeoio Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee,
ieienoa?noaa e aaaeiinoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, oa??eoi?eaeueiua
i?aaiu ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey.

?aaeei niaoii-athaeaeaoiiai oeiaine?iaaiey ?ani?ino?aiyaony e ia
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu, i?aaiu aaciianiinoe, noaeaaioth nenoaio e
i?aaiu i?ieo?aoo?u ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

66. Iiiyoea aaethou e aaethoiuo oeaiiinoae

Oa?iei «aaethoa» eniieuecoaony a aeaoo niuneao: ai-ia?auo, yoi
aeaiaaeiay aaeeieoea ainoaea?noaa; ai-aoi?uo, yoi aeaiaaeiua ciaee
eiino?aiiuo ainoaea?noa, a oaeaea e?aaeeoiua e ieaoaaeiua aeieoiaiou,
au?aaeaiiua a eiino?aiiuo aeaiaaeiuo aaeeieoeao e i?eiaiyaiua a
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ?an/aoao (eiino?aiiay aaethoa)’.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee niioiioaiey aioo?aiiae e eiino?aiiie aaetho
eniieuecothony iiiyoey: «iaia?aoeiay (iaeiiaa?oe?oaiay) aaethoa»,
eniieuecoaiay a i?aaeaeao oieueei iaeiiai ainoaea?noaa; «ia?aoeiay
(eiiaa?oe?oaiay) aaethoa», eioi?ay iaiaieaaaony ia eiino?aiioth aaethoo
e yaeyaony, oaeei ia?acii, n?aaenoaii ieaoaaea ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiii
?uiea; «/anoe/ii ia?aoeiay (eiiaa?oe?oaiay) aaethoa» eniieuecoaony ia ai
anao aiaoieo aaethoiuo iia?aoeeyo e a ioiioaieyo ia anao noauaeoia.

A Caeiia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «I aaethoiii ?aaoee?iaaiee e aaethoiii
eiio?iea» io 9 ieoya?y 1992 a^ aeaiu ii?aaeaeaiey aaethou.

Aaethoa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee — yoi: a) iaoiaeyueany a ia?auaiee, a
oaeaea ecuyoua eee ecuiaaiua ec ia?auaiey, ii iiaeeaaeauea iaiaio ?oaee
a aeaea aaieianeeo aeeaoia (aaieiio) Oeaio?aeueiiai aaiea ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee e iiiaou’, a) n?aaenoai, a ?oaeyo ia n/aoao a aaieao e eiuo
e?aaeeoiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; a) n?aaenoaa a ?oaeyo
ia n/aoao a aaieao e eiuo e?aaeeoiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo ca •i.?aaea.’^n^.^^^1
?inneeneie oaaea?aoeeeoec. iniiaaiee niaeaoaiey, caeeth/aaiiai
I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e Oeaio?aeueiui aaieii ?inneeneie
oaaea?aoeee n niioaaonoaothueie i?aaiaie eiino?aiiiai ainoaea?noaa ia
eniieueciaaiee ia oa??eoi?ee aeaiiiai ainoaea?noaa aaethou ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee a ea/anoaa caeiiiiai ieaoaaeiiai n?aaenoaa.

Eiino?aiiay aaethoa — yoi: a) aeaiaaeiua ciaee a aeaea aaieiio,
eacia/aeneeo aeeaoia iiiaou, iaoiaeyueany a ia?auaiee e yaeythueany
caeiiiui ieaoaaeiui n?aaenoaii a niioaaonoaothuai eiino?aiiii
ainoaea?noaa eee a?oiia ainoaea?noa, a oaeaea ecuyoua eee ecuiaaiua ec
ia?auaiey, ii iiaeeaaeauea iaiaio aeaiaaeiua ciaee- a) n?aaenoaa ia
n/aoao a aeaiaaeiuo aaeeieoeao eiino?aiiuo ainoaea?noa e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeaiaaeiuo eee ?an/aoiuo aaeeieoeao.

Aaethoiue eo?n icia/aao niioiioaiea aaetho aeaoo eee aieaa no?ai.

Ca ia?ooaiea aaethoiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, a caaeneiinoe io
niaea?aeaiey i?aaiia?ooaiey, onoaiaaeeaaaony oaieiaiay,
aaeieieno?aoeaiay e a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaay ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

67. Iiiyoea e niaea?aeaiea aaethoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey

Aaethoiia ?aaoee?iaaiea — yoi aeayoaeueiinoue ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia,
iai?aaeaiiay ia ?aaeaiaioe?iaaiea ii?yaeea niaa?oaiey aaethoiuo
iia?aoeee.

Ainoaea?noai aiiaua e ?inneeneay Oaaea?aoeey a /anoiinoe ?aaoee?otho
aaethoiua ioiioaiey n o/aoii yeiiiie/aneeo caaea/ ainoaea?noaa. Aeey
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee n iiiaioa i?iaicaeaoaiey aa noaa?aieoaoa (1990
aiae) oa?aeoa?ia iieeoeea eeaa?aeecaoeee a ?aaoee?iaaiee aaethoiuo
ioiioaiee. Ioiaiaia nouanoaiaaaoay a aiaeu niaaoneie aeanoe
ainoaea?noaaiiay iiiiiieey ia aaethoo e ia /anoue aaethoiuo oeaiiinoae e
ia iia?aoeee n ieie. ?ac?aoai, oioy e iiae eiio?ieai ainoaea?noaa, auaic
ec no?aiu aaethou e ?yaea aaethoiuo oeaiiinoae. Aeiioneaaony a ecaanoiuo
i?aaeaeao ia?auaiea ia oa??eoi?ee no?aiu eiino?aiiie aaethou a ea/anoaa
ieaoaaeiiai n?aaenoaa.

Aaethoiia i?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea inouanoaeyaony ea aeaoo o?iaiyo:
ii?iaoeaiii e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiii.

Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea ninoieo a nicaeaiee (?ac?aaioea e
ooaa?aeaeaiee) i?aaiauo ii?i, iauaeoii eioi?uo yaeythony iauanoaaiiua
ioiioaiey, naycaiiua n aaethoie. Eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-i?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea
— yoi i?eiaiaiea i?aaiauo ii?i e eiie?aoiui aeeciaiiui ianoiyoaeuenoaai,
/oi ” aea/ao ca niaie aicieeiiaaiea, eciaiaiea e i?ae?auaiea eiie?aoiuo
aaethoiuo i?aaiioiioaiee.

Iniiau i?aaiecaoeee e inouanoaeaiey aaethoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ii?aaeaeaiu
Caeiiii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «I aaethoiii ?aaoee?iaaiee e aaethoiii
eiio?iea»^. Aieaa aeaoaeueiia ?aaoee?iaaiea /anoiuo aii?inia, naycaiiuo
n aaethoiuie ioiioaieyie, inouanoaeyaony a ae?oaeo caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo e
eiuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoao.

A niioaaonoaee n Caeiiii «I aaethoiii ?aaoee?iaaiee e aaethoiii
eiio?iea» iniiaiui i?aaiii aaethoiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey yaeyaony
Oeaio?aeueiue aaie ?innee. A yoeo oeaeyo Oeaio?aeueiue aaie: a)
ii?aaeaeyao noa?o e ii?yaeie ia?auaiey a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
eiino?aiiie aaethou e oeaiiuo aoiaa a eiino?aiiie aaethoa; a) ecaeaao
ii?iaoeaiua aeou, iaycaoaeueiua e eniieiaieth a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
?aceaeaioaie e ia?aceaeaioaie; a) i?iaiaeeo ana aeaeu aaethoiuo
iia?aoeee; a) onoaiaaeeaaao i?aaeea i?iaaaeaiey ?aceaeaioaie e
ia?aceaeaioaie a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee iia?aoeee n eiino?aiiie aaethoie
e oeaiiuie aoiaaaie a eiino?aiiie aaethoa, a oaeaea i?aaeea i?iaaaeaiey
ia?aceaeaioaie a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee iia?aoeee n aaethoie ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee e oeaiiuie aoiaaaie a aaethoa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; e i?.

Oeacaiiue Caeii cae?aieyao noaoon anao noauaeoia aaethoiuo ioiioaiee, a
oii /enea ?aceaeaioia e ia?aceaeaioia. ?aceaeaiou — yoi: a) oece/aneea
eeoea, eiathuea iinoiyiiia ianoiaeeoaeuenoai a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, a
oii /enea a?aiaiii iaoiaeyueany ca i?aaeaeaie ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; a)
th?eaee/aneea eeoea, nicaeaiiua a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, n ianoiiaoiaeaeaieai a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee;

a) i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeee, ia yaeythueany th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie,
nicaeaiiua a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee,
n ianoiiaoiaeaeaieai a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; e o.i.

Ia?aceaeaioaie yaeythony: a) oece/aneea eeoea, eiathuea iinoiyiiia
ianoiaeeoaeuenoai ca i?aaeaeaie ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, a oii /enea
a?aiaiii iaoiaeyueany a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; a) th?eaee/aneea eeoea,
nicaeaiiua a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii eiino?aiiuo ainoaea?noa,
n ianoiiaoiaeaeaieai ca i?aaeaeaie ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; e o.i.

68. Aaethoiue eiio?ieue

Aaethoiue eiio?ieue — aeayoaeueiinoue ainoaea?noaa, iai?aaeaiiay ia
iaania/aiea aaethoiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i?e inouanoaeaiee aaethoiuo
iia?aoeee.

Aaethoiue eiio?ieue yaeyaony /anoueth, aeaeii oeiainiaiai eii-iciey.
iiyoiio aaethoiiio eiio?ieth i?enoue ana iauea /a?ou oeiainiaiai
eiio?iey. A oi aea a?aiy ii eiaao iaeioi?ua niaoeeoe/aneea /a?ou. A
niioaaonoaee n Caeiiii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee «I aaethoiii ?aaoee?iaaiee
e aaethoiii eiio?iea» oeaeueth aaethoiiai eiio?iey yaeyaony niaethaeaiea
aaethoiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i?e inouanoaeaiee aaethoiuo iia?aoeee.
Iniiaiuie iai?aaeaieyie aaethoiiai eiio?iey yaeythony’ a) ii?aaeaeaiea
niioaaonoaey i?iaiaeeiuo aaethoiuo iia?aoeee aeaenoaothuaio
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao e iaee/ey iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ieo eeoeaicee e
?ac?aoaiee; a) i?iaa?ea auiieiaiey ?aceaeaioaie iaycaoaeuenoa a
eiino?aiiie aaethoa ia?aae ainoaea?noaii, a oaeaea iaycaoaeuenoa ii
i?iaeaaea eiino?aiiie aaethou ia aioo?aiiai aaethoiii ?uiea ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee; a) i?iaa?ea iieiiou e iauaeoeaiinoe o/aoa e io/aoiinoe ii
aaethoiui iia?aoeeyi, a oaeaea ii iia?aoeeyi ia?aceaeaioia a aaethoa
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. I?aaiu aaethoiiai eiio?iey: — Oeaio?aeueiue aaie
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”; — I?aaeoaeuenoai ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”; —
Oaaea?aeueiay neoaeaa ?innee ii aaethoiiio e yenii?oiiio eiio?ieth”; —
aaaiou aaethoiiai eiio?iey: i?aaiecaoeee, eioi?ua a niioaaonoaee n
caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee iiaoo inouanoaeyoue
ooieoeee aaethoiiai eiio?iey (yoe aaaiou iiaeio/aoiu niioaaonoaothuei
i?aaiai aaethoiiai eiio?iey) e oiieiiii/aiiua aaiee, iiaeio/aoiua
Oeaio?aeueiiio aaieo ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”.

Caeiiii «I aaethoiii ?aaoee?iaaiee e aaethoiii eiio?iea» (no. 12)
cae?aieaiu iieiiii/ey i?aaiia e aaaioia aaethoiiai eiio?iey. Oeacaiiua
i?aaiu: 1) ecaeatho a i?aaeaeao naiae eiiiaoaioeee ii?iaoeaiua aeou,
iaycaoaeueiua e eniieiaieth anaie ?aceaeaioaie e ia?aceaeaioaie a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee; 2) ii?aaeaeytho ii?yaeie e oi?iu o/aoa,
io/aoiinoe e aeieoiaioaoeee ii aaethoiui iia?aoeeyi ?aceaeaioia e
ia?aceaeaioia. a) inouanoaeytho eiio?ieue ca i?iaiaeeiuie a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee ?aceaeaioaie e ia?aceaeaioaie aaethoiuie iia?aoeeyie, ca
niioaaonoaeai yoeo iia?aoeee caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao, oneiaeyi eeoeaicee e
?ac?aoaiee, a oaeaea ca niaethaeaieai eie aeoia i?aaiia aaethoiiai
eiio?iey, a) i?iaiaeyo i?iaa?ee aaethoiuo iia?aoeee ?aceaeaioia e
ia?aceaeaioia a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

Aaethoiue eiio?ieue inouanoaeyao oaeaea Ainoaea?noaaiiue oaiiaeaiiue
eiieoao ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. A niioaaonoaee ni no. 198 Oaiiaeaiiiai
eiaeaena ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” Ainoaea?noaaiiue oaiiaeaiiue eiieoao —
i?aai aaethoiiai eiio?iey, a eiua oaiiaeaiiua i?aaiu — aaaiou aaethoiiai
eiio?iey, iiaeio/aoiua yoiio Ainoaea?noaaiiiio eiieoaoo.

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