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ia aayiea e aeuoaiea a i?iecaaaeaieyo oiai eee eiiai oai?oea – e yoiai
ieacuaaaony aeinoaoi/iui, /oiau i?iecaanoe aai a einienou. Ii oiaaea oi
aea iiaeii auei au niieieii i?iaeaeaoue ni iiiaeie eoeueoo?iuie
aeayoaeyie ia oieueei ?innee, ii e anaai ie?a, aaaeue iuouaiea aeoaeiiie
i?e/anoiinoe niciaoaeueiiai nouanoaa einie/aneiio auoeth, iuneue i
/aeiaaea eae iee?ieinia, aianoeaoai a naay ana i?e?iaeiua, einie/aneea
noeoee e yia?aee, i?ioiaeyo /a?ac ie?iaoth eoeueoo?o, eae ainoi/ioth,
oae e caiaaeioth. A ae?aaiaeoeo ?aeeaeiciuo e ieoieiae/aneeo
i?aaenoaaeaieyo /aeiaae oaea i?ic?aaae niioiioaiey e acaeiinayce iaaeaeo
naiei nouanoaiaaieai e auoeai Anaeaiiie e yoo naith eiooeoeeth i?aoai?ye
a ?acee/iua, i?aeiouanoaaiii ia?aciua, oi?iu. Einie/aneea neiaieu e
ia?acu ia?iaeiiai auoiaiai eneonnoaa e iiycee, iee?i- e iae?ieinie/aneea
niioaaonoaey au?aaeaee yoo iauaeoeaioth eaeath oeaeinoiinoe ie?icaeaiey,
i?aaie/iie aeeth/aiiinoe a iaai aeecie e niciaiey. Ii ?yaeii anaaaea
nouanoaiaae e aieaa aeoeaiue iiaeoiae, yaeyeinue no?aieaiea
aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia ie? a aeaeaoaeueiii iai?aaeaiee. I?aia?aaeathuay
/aeiaaea e ie? ia/oa no?aieeanue e i?aiaeieaieth ia?aie/aiiinoe /aeiaaea
a i?ino?ainoaa e a?aiaie, iia aiieiuaeanue a neaci/iua, oieueeei?iua
ia?acu ainiiaenoaa iaae noeoeyie – aicaeooiua iieaou, iaoaii?oicu
aauanoaa, aeeaoth e ia?oaoth aiaeo…N ae?aaiinoe aei eiioea XIX a. yoa
einie/aneay oaia ?acaeaaeanue oieueei a ieoa, oieueeei?a, iiycee, a
oaeaea a iaeioi?uo oeeinionei-ooiie/aneeo, oaioanoe/aneeo i?iecaaaeaieyo
( e i?eia?o, o Ne?aii aea Aa?aea?aea, AEthey Aa?ia ).

Eiaiii a ?innee, noaaoae ?iaeeiie iao/iiai o/aiey i aeinoa?a e
ia?aoiaea aa a iiinoa?o e ioe?uaoae ?aaeueiue iooue a einiin, oaea
ia/eiay n na?aaeeiu i?ioeiai noieaoey auc?aaaao oieeaeueiia einie/aneia
iai?aaeaiea iao/ii-oeeinioneie iunee, oe?iei ?acaa?ioaoaany a XX a. A
aai ?yaeo noiyo oaeea oeeiniou e o/aiua, eae A. E. Aa?iaaeneee, E. Y.
Oeeieeianeee, I. O. Oaaei?ia, A. A. Nooiai-Eiaueei e ae?. A oeeinioneii
ianeaaeee iuneeoaeae ?onneiai ?aeeaeiciiai aic?iaeaeaiey – A. N.
Nieiaueaaa, I. A. Oei?aineiai, N. I. Aoeaaeiaa, I. A. Aa?aeyaaa –
oaeaea auaeaeyaony eeiey, aeeceay iaoino eaeae ?onneiai einiecia.
Eiaaony a aeaeo oi neeiiaiea a ?onneie i?aaineaaiie oeeinioee, eioi?ia
I. A. Aa?aeyaa iacuaae “einiioeaio?e/aneei, oc?aaathuai aiaeanoaaiiua
yia?aee a oaa?iii ie?a, ia?auaiiui e i?aia?aaeaieth ie?a” e
“aio?iiioeaio?e/aneei, ia?auaiiui e aeoeaiinoe /aeiaaea a i?e?iaea e
iauanoaa”. Eiaiii caeanue noaayony “i?iaeaiu i einiina e /aeiaaea”,
?ac?aaaouaaaony aeoeaiay, oai?/aneay ynoaoieiaey, niune eioi?ie, ii
neiaai Aa?aeyaaa, a oii, /oi “eiiaoe yoiai ie?a, eiiaoe enoi?ee caaeneo
e io oai?/aneiai aeoa /aeiaaea”.

Ecaaaeaoue iai?aaiia?iiai e aacia?iiai ?anoe?aiey yoiai oeeinioneiai
oa/aiey iiaeii, anee n?aco aea iaicia/eoue i?eioeeieaeueii iiaia
ea/anoai ie?iioiioaiey, eioi?ia yaeyaony ii?aaeaeythuae aai
aaiaoe/aneie /a?oie. Yoi eaeay aeoeaiie yaiethoeee, o.a. iaiaoiaeeiinoe
iiaiai niciaoaeueiiai yoaia ?acaeoey ie?a, eiaaea /aeiaanoai iai?aaeyao
aai a oo noi?iio, a eaeoth aeeeooao aio ?acoi e i?aanoaaiiia /onoai.
Iiyoiio aiciiaeii oi/iaa aoaeao ii?aaeaeeoue yoi iai?aaeaiea ia noieueei
eae einie/aneia, a eae aeoeaii-yaiethoeeiiiia, iaoiaeyuaany a i?ioeanna
?inoa, aeaeaei ia niaa?oaiiia, ii aianoa niciaoaeueii-oai?/aneia,
i?ecaaiiia i?aia?aceoue ia oieueei aiaoiee ie?, ii e nianoaaiioth
i?e?iaeo. ?a/ue ii nouanoao eaeao i ?anoe?aiee i?aa
niciaoaeueii-aeooiaiuo nee, ia oi?aaeaiee aeooii iaoa?ee, ia
iaeooioai?aiee ie?a e /aeiaaea. Einienou noiaee niaaeeieoue caaioo i
aieueoii oeaeii – Caiea, aeinoa?a, einiina n aeoai/aeoeie cai?inaie
aunoae oeaiiinoe – eiie?aoiiai /aeiaaea. Iaaea?ii oaeia aaaeiia ianoi
caeanue caieiatho i?iaeaiu, naycaiiua n i?aiaeieaieai aieacie e nia?oe
e aeinoeaeaieai aannia?oey. Aoiaieci – aoiaieci ia i?ae?aniiaeooiue e
ia/oaoaeueiue – ii iniiaai ia aeoaieii ciaiee, auoaeaao ec oeaeae e
caaea/ naiie i?e?iaeiie, einie/aneie yaiethoeee.

AINOIAessUAss YAIETHOeEss

Ia?iiai e eiie?aoai aeeaae a aeoeaii-yaiethoeeiiioth iuneue
A.E.Aa?iaaeneiai. Aai iao/ii-oeeinianeea oai?ee iiaeii a ii?aaeaeaiiii
niunea oiiaeiaeoue i?i/iiio ooiaeaiaioo, aac eioi?iai eaeae e i?iaeou
einienoia iiaee au iaa?iooueny i?ae?aniuie, ii anaai eeoue aicaeooiuie
caieaie.

A 1920 a., ?aaioay iaae nicaeaieai aeiaaioeiee, i?ecaaiiie eco/aoue
aeeyiea “aeeaiai aauanoaa” ia enoi?eth caiiuo oeie/aneeo yeaiaioia,
Aa?iaaeneee enneaaeoao ia?iiioth eeoa?aoo?o ii ia?aie ninoaaeythuae
yoiai iiaiai neioaca – aeieiaee. E ooo aai oiiue acaeyae e eiooeoeey
aaeeeiai iaoo?aeenoa-iuneeoaey auoaaouaatho n?aaee oai?ee e aeiaaaeie
i?ioeiai iaeii iaioeaiaiiia ioe?uoea. ?a/ue eaeao ia ioe?uoee
aia?eeaineiai o/aiiai Aeaeaeina Aeaia. Yoio nia?aiaiiee Aea?aeia
auaeaeioe iiiyoea, eioi?ia iacaae yioeaoaeicii eee oeaoaeecaoeeae (io
a?a/. kephale – “aieiaa”). Eceaaay nia?aiaiiui ycueii yoo eaeath,
Aa?iaaeneee ienae: “A iaoeo i?aaenoaaeaieyo ia yaiethoeeiiiii i?ioeanna
aeeaiai aauanoaa iu iaaeinoaoi/ii o/eouaaai ?aaeueii nouaanoaothuoth
iai?aaeaiiinoue yaiethoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna”. N yiioe eaia?ey eaeao
iaaeeaiiia, ii iaoeeiiiia (aac ioeaoia iacaae) oneiaeiaiea,
oniaa?oainoaiaaiea ia?aiie nenoaiu, a /anoiinoe aieiaiiai iicaa. Yoi
aeieacuaatho iaeaiioieiae/aneea aeaiiua, i?ineaaeeaaaiua ca iineaaeiea
iyouenio ieeeeiiia eao, oioy nai i?ioeann ooiaeeo iaiiiai aeaeueoa a
aeoaue aaieiae/aneiai a?aiaie. Io iieethneia aei “aiii naieain” yoi
ia?anoathuaa aeaeaeaiea iaio?aceii iaia?oaeeaaao naay.

“I?eioeei Aeaia”, oeaoaeecaoeey – yoi ia oai?ey, ii e ia aeiioaca,
eioi?ay iiaeao auoue aeieacaia, a iiaeao e iao. Ooo iu eiaai aeaei n
yiie?e/aneei iaiauaieai, o.a. n aieueoie noiiie oi/iuo oaeoia, ia
eiathueo neo/aaa ii?iaa?aeaiey. Nai Aa?iaaeneee /aoei oi?ioee?oao
oa?aeoa? e niune oaeie “e?eaie i?yiie eeiee” ?acaeoey aeeaiai. Yoi
iauaeoeaiue i?e?iaeiue i?ioeann, caeiiiia?ii aeeyueeny a iiey?iii
aaeoi?a a?aiaie, ono?aieyynue iinoiyiii a iaeiii, iaia?aoeiii
iai?aaeaiee.

A oai?ee yaiethoeee auaeaeaathony ?acee/iua i?e/eiu i?ienoiaeaeaiey
aeeaioiuo aeaeia, eo niaiu e ?acaeoey, a iniiaiii naiaeeiua e oiio eee
eiiio ni/aoaieth eciai/eainoe e ianeaaenoaaiiinoe, ieanoe/iiai
i?eniiniaeaiey i?aaieciia e n?aaea e neiaeiuo aaiaoe/aneeo, iooaoeeiiiuo
caeiiia. Iineaaeiaaoaeueiia niaa?oainoaiaaiea ia?aiie, iicaiaie oeaie,
i?eaaaeoaa e nicaeaieth /aeiaaea, ii iaiueoae ia?a, iaiaeaao ia
niiioaiiua eiioeuenu naiie yaiethoeee, ia aa aioo?aiiea caeiiiia?iinoe,
ia iaeoth aa “eaeaaeueioth” i?ia?aiio, no?aiyuothny e naiae ?aaeecaoeee.

Ii a oeeinioee Aa?iaaeneee aeaeeo iunee, i?aae/oanoaey, naycaiiua n
iiieiaieai aeecie, aa ianoa e ?iee ai Anaeaiiie, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue
niioianaiu n nia?aiaiiuie iao/iuie auaiaeaie i aeeaii aauanoaa, ia
aio?iiiaaiiie aaieiae/aneie y?a, i aoaeouae ?iee /aeiaaea.

Ioe?iai iniiaiia oeeinioneia i?iecaaaeaiea A.I.?aaeeuaaa “I /aeiaaea,
aai nia?oiinoe e aannia?oey”. Aeey iaai /aeiaae – aa?oiyy nooiaiue
eanoieoeu iinoaiaiiiai niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?e?iaeiuo nouanoa. A iai ana
noeoe e aiciiaeiinoe i?e?iaeu nioeenue aianoa, /oiau nicaeaoue aa
aaiaoe. *aeiaae ioee/aaony io anao i?i/eo i?e?iaeiuo nouanoa i?aaeaea
anaai oai?/aneei oa?aeoa?ii naiae i?e?iaeu, oai, /oi ii nai naay
nicaeaao, ia/eiay n ia?aiai aeoa naiae naiiaeayoaeueiinoe – eiaaea
i?eieiaao aa?oeeaeueiia iieiaeaiea. Naii ianiaa?oainoai aai oece/aneie
i?aaiecaoeee noaiiaeony iiuiaeoei iiaoaeaeaieai e ?acaeoeth. Iuneeoaeue
enoi?aaao ec naay aii?in, eioi?iio ieeiaaea ia aeaao ennyeiooue
/aeiaa/aneia na?aeoea: “Ii iaoaeaee /aeiaae anoue eiiaoe oai?aieth?
Oaeaee ney oaeeaeaiey aeinoieiay iinoaiaiiinoue, aeioaae aei iaai,
i?a?uaaaony, inoaiaaeeaaaony, ie/oiaeanoaoao? Iaaiciiaeii!..”. E oaeea
ia?aoaiiua /aeiaaeii oieeaeueiua, aunoea naienoaa, eae ?acoi,
aeooiaiinoe, na?aea/iinoue, aieueoae /anoueth iiaeiuaynue ieciaiiie
ai?ueaie ca iaoa?eaeueiua oneiaey aeecie, ia aeinoeaatho ie ianoiyuaai
?acaeoey, ie iieiiai enoeiiiai i?eiaiaiey. A aaaeue eiaiii yoe
ae?aaioeaiiua niiniaiinoe ii?aaeaeytho /aeiaaea eae iniaia nouanoai a
ie?a. Ec anao iaeoaoaeae Caiee /aeiaae – aeaeaa anaai io aeinoeaeaiey
oeaee naiaai i?aaeiacia/aiey. Iaecaaaeiinoue aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey
naiiai /aeiaaea aeey ia?aoaiey ei aunoae, “aiaiiiaeiaiie aoiaiiinoe”
auoaeaao ec oiai eiioeuena e niaa?oainoaiaaieth, eioi?ue i?iiecuaaao
noaiiaeaiea ie?a aeeciaiiuo oi?i. Noauaeoeaiay iaiaoiaeeiinoue
aeeeooaony iuouaieai nia?oiiai /aeiaaea, /oi ca a?aiy naiaai
nouanoaiaaiey ii oieueei ii/eiaao naie aeooiaiua aiciiaeiinoe, aeey
eioi?uo aia?aaee iia aua ?annoeeaoueny aaneiia/iue iooue.

Iauaeoeaiay iai?aaeaiiinoue ?acaeoey aeeaiai ia iiaeao i?ae?aoeoue naia
aeaenoaea ia /aeiaaea a iuia nouanoaothuae, aua aeaeaei ia niaa?oaiiie
i?e?iaea. “I?ioeann i?aaieciia oae iai?a?uaii e ia iiaeao iiyoiio
inoaiiaeoueny ia /aeiaaea”, – ooaa?aeaeae Oeeieeianeee. Aa?iaaeneee
oaaaeaeai: ca niciaieai e aeeciueth a iuiaoiae oi?ia iaecaaaeii aeieaeiu
neaaeiaaoue “naa?oniciaiea” e “naa?oaeeciue”.

Eaeaae iaiaeaiey, ?acaeoue a ?aeeaeiciie aaoae ?onneiai einiecia,
oaeaea i?aaeiieaaaao i?aaiciiaeaiea /aeiaaeii e /aeiaa/anoaii aai
iaee/iie oece/aneie, aeooaaiie e aeooiaiie i?e?iaeu e noyaeaiea aunoaai,
aannia?oiiai, i?aia?aaeaiiiai Aiaeanoaaiiiai auoey. Ciaiaieoue aoi?eci
auaeathuaainy aiaineiaa e iuneeoaey Aaneeey Aaeeeiai au?aaeaao: “Aia
noae /aeiaaeii, /oiau /aeiaae noae aiaii”.

Eaeae Aa?iaaeneiai i aeeaii aauanoaa, i einie/aneie aeecie, i aeinoa?a
e ia?aoiaea aa a iiinoa?o ooiaeyo a iiaoth oeeinioneoth o?aaeeoeeth
iniuneaiey yaeaiey AEecie e caaea/ /aeiaaea eae aa?oeiiiai aa
ii?iaeaeaiey. “Ana aeeaua nouanoaa aea?aeaony ae?oa ca ae?oaa e ana
iiae/eiaiu iaeiiio e oiio aea aeaaioneiio ii?uao. AEeaioiia iie?aaony ia
?anoaiey, /aeiaae aeeaao aeaaiaea?y aeeaioiiio, a ana /aeiaa/anoai ai
a?aiaie e i?inoa?ainoaa anoue iaeia ia?iiiay a?iey, aeaeaeouayny ?yaeii
n eaaeaeui ec ian, aia?aaee e iicaaee ian, niiniaiay naiae iiuueth
iiaaaeeoue anyeia nii?ioeaeaiea e i?aiaeieaoue iiiaea i?aiyonoaey, a oii
/enea, iiaeao auoue, e nia?oue.” – A.Aa?anii. Homo faber –
/aeiaae-?aianeaiiee, /aeiaae, niceaeathuee eneonnoaaiiua aaue e i?oaeey.
A eneonnoaaiiia anoue oio eneeth/eoaeueii /aeiaa/aneee aeeaae a
iaee/iinoue ie?a, eioi?ue ?anoe?yao niiniaiinoe e aiciiaeiinoe naiiai
/aeiaaea, eae au i?iaeieaeaao aai i?aaiu. Oai?/aneea niiniaiinoe
/aeiaaea aeieaeiu iaa?iooueny e ia iaai naiiai, ?acaeaeiooue aai aua
ia?aie/aiiia, i?aeiouanoaaiii ?aoeeiiaeueiia niciaiea. I?aaeaeu ia
iinoaaeaiu.

A oa aea aiaeu, eiaaea iiyaeeanue “Oai?/aneay yaiethoeey” a ?innee
ia?aue ?onneee oecee-oai?aoee I.A.Oiia ii-naiaio ?acaeaaao aeeceea eaeae
i “neea ?acaeoey”, iai?aaeythuae aeeaia ei ana aieueoiio
niaa?oainoaiaaieth niciaiey, ia aioe-yio?iieeiie nouiinoe aeecie, i
oai?/aneie i?e?iaea /aeiaaea. I?aaeeiaeaiiia ei iauyniaiea ?inoa
oai?/aneiai iioaioeeaea yaiethoeee i?inoi e ino?ioiii. *ai nicaeaiea
yeaiaioa?iaa, oai iii eiioi?oaaaeueiaa, “aeaaeaiiaa” neeoi ni n?aaeie.
Ii ia?a ?acaeoey aeey iaai ai aiaoiae i?e?iaea iaia?oaeeaaaony ana aieaa
“i?aiyonoaee e iaaei/aoia”, iia ana iaiaa oaeiaeaoai?yao ioaeaeai
oneiaeieaoaainy a naieo ooieoeeyo e no?iaiee i?aaiecia, e ii auioaeaeai
ana oneeaiiaa i?eniinaaeeaaoue n?aaeo e naaa, ia/eiaoue “?aaioaoue” n
aauanoaii ie?a, oi?ie?iaaoue, no?ieoue aai. A iaae?ao /aeiaa/anoaa,
n/eoaao Oiia, auc?aaaao iiaue yaiethoeeiiiue oei – homo sapiens
explorans ( /aeiaae ?acoiiue, enneaaeothuee), noiyuee ia a?aaia
yaiethoeee, aeaaec eioi?iai – “Oai?e e niceaeae!”.

Nnueaynue ia ie/oiaeiaeoee, ii/oe ioeaaie i?ioeaio aeeaie iaoa?ee ai
Anaeaiiie, Oiia n/eoae aicieeiiaaiea aeecie niaa?oaiii iaeiaa?iyoiui
niauoeai. Oai ia iaiaa iia niiaea inouanoaeoueny ia iaoae ieaiaoa
oieueei iioiio, /oi yoi i?iecioei ia a “ia?aie/aiiie iaoa?eaeueiie
nenoaia”, a “a nenoaia aani?aaeaeueiie”, eaeiaie yaeyaony aanue einiin.
Oai naiui o/aiue iiae?acoiaaaao: any Anaeaiiay eaeei-oi ia?acii
“?aaioaea” ia yoi aaeeeia ?iaeaeaiea, nicaeaa iaaa?iyoii neiaeiia,
oieeaeueiia ni/aoaiea oaeoi?ia a iaeiii ianoa.

?iaeiia/aeueieeii anae aeoeaii-yaiethoeeiiiie, einie/aneie iunee a
?innee aue “eneaoaeue enoeiu” I.O.Oaaei?ia n aai o/aieai “iauaai aeaea”.
I?eciaa aioo?aiithth iai?aaeaiiinoue i?e?iaeiie yaiethoeee ei ana
aieueoaio oneiaeiaieth e e iiyaeaieth niciaiey, Oaaei?ia i?eoiaeeo e
neaaeothuae iunee: anaiauei iiciaieai e o?oaeii /aeiaa/anoai i?ecaaii
iaeaaeaoue noeoeeiuie, neaiuie neeaie aia e aioo?e naay, aueoe a einiin
aeey aai aeoeaiiai inaiaiey e i?eia?aaeaiey, ia?anoe iiaue, aannia?oiue
einie/aneee noaoon auoey, i?e/ai a iieiii ninoaaa i?aaeaea aeeaoeo
iieieaiee. Niciaoaeueiia oi?aaeaiea yaiethoeeae, aunoee eaeaae
iaeooioai?aiey ie?a ?ane?uaaaony o Oaaei?iaa a iineaaeiaaoaeueiie
oeaii/ea caaea/: yoi ?aaoeyoeey “iaoai?e/aneeo”, einie/aneeo yaeaiee;
i?aa?auaiea noeoeeii-?ac?ooeoaeueiiai oiaea i?e?iaeiuo nee a
niciaoaeueii iai?aaeaiiue; nicaeaiea iiaiai oeia i?aaiecaoeee iauanoaa –
“ineoie?aoee” ia iniiaa nuiiaiaai, ?iaenoaaiiiai niciaiey; ?aaioa iaae
i?aiaeieaieai nia?oe, i?aia?aciaaieai oece/aneie i?e?iaeu /aeiaaea;
aaneiia/iia oai?/anoai aannia?oiie aeecie ai Anaeaiiie. Aeey eniieiaiey
yoie a?aiaeeiciie oeaee ?onneee iuneeoaeue i?ecuaaao ei anaiauaio
iiciaieth, iiuoo e o?oaeo a i?aaeaeao ?aaeueiiai ie?a, ?aaeueiuo
n?aaenoa e aiciiaeiinoae i?e oaa?aiiie i?aaeiinueea, /oi yoe i?aaeaeu
aoaeoo iinoaiaiii ?anoe?youeny, aeioiaey aei oiai, /oi iiea eaaeaony aua
ia?aaeueiui e /oaeaniui.

Iaiau/ii aaaeia aeey ?onneiai iuneeoaey eaeay enoeiiiai eieeaeoeaecia
(“AEeoue ni anaie e aeey anao”), iai?aaeaiiiai ia iauaai a?aaa anao aac
eneeth/aiey: nia?oue, ?ac?ooeoaeueiua noeoeeiua neeu; ooo e?iaony
enoi/iee aai aaca?aie/iiai iioeiecia: ana, iaeooaaeaiiua aunoae
oeaeueth, eanathuaeny eiie?aoii eaaeaeiai, iiaoo iaaa?iyoii iiiai,
oaeoe/anee ana.

Iiaue a?aiaeeiciue neioac iaoe, e eioi?iio i?ecuaae Oaaei?ia, aeieaeai
auoue inouanoaeai a einie/aneii ianooaaa e auoue i?aaeaea anaai
i?aia?aciaaoaeueii-aeayoaeueiui: a iai i?aeoeea, o.a. ciaiea,
aeieacaiiia “iiuoaie a anoanoaaiiii ?acia?a”, anaiauae ?aaoeyoeeae, nai
aeinoeaiooue ianiiiaiiue ?acoeueoao o?oaea noaiiaeony aunoei e?eoa?eai
enoeiu. Eaai?aoi?ee o/aiuo ?aniaoeaathony ia anth i?e?iaeo, aanue ie?,
oaeoaeythony a naiiai /aeiaaea, aai “oeceeo” e ineoeeo, a oaeiu nia?oe e
cea. Ai anaiauoth einie/aneoth iaoeo i aeecie, iaoeo i /aeiaaea a oii
/enea, aoiaeyo ana iaoee, eai aeeciue – aaeeiay oeaeinoiinoue, a eioi?ie
ana acaeiinaycaii. AEeciue /aeiaaea caoooaao, ii iaiueoae ia?a, ii aeaoi
?yaeai i?e/ei: aiaoiei (noeoeeiinoue n?aaeu, aa ?ac?ooeoaeueiue
oa?aeoa?, /aio ia iiaeao i?ioeainoiyoue iaaeinoaoi/iay aieinoue
/aeiaa/aneiai i?aaiecia, o.a. iaaeinoaoie ciaiey e oiaiey, eioi?ue, ii
iunee Oaaei?iaa, iiaeao auoue i?aiaeieai anaiauei iiciaieai, o?oaeii,
?aaoeyoeeae i?e?iaeu) e aioo?aiiei (naia iaoa?eaeueiay i?aaiecaoeey
/aeiaaea ieacuaaaony ianiiniaiie e aaneiia/iiio naiiiaiiaeaieth, ia
anoue niaa?oaiii ioe?uoay nenoaia, ooo iaiaoiaeeia anaiauaiethuay
ineoioeceieiae/aneay ?aaoeyoeey).

Aei neo ii? naia ?anoe?aiea a ie?a, ainiiaenoai iaae aai noeoeeiuie
neeaie /aeiaae inouanoaeye i?aaeaea anaai ca n/ao eneonnoaaiiuo i?oaeee,
i?iaeieaeaaoeo aai i?aaiu, iaeiei neiaii, i?e iiiiue oaoie/aneeo
n?aaenoa e iaoei. Ia yoii iooe aeinoeaioou eieinnaeueiua oniaoe,
inouanoaeeenue neaci/iua ia/oaiey i naiiaao-nei?ioiaeao,
eia?ao-naiieaoao e o.ae. ?acaeaay oaoieeo, /aeiaae ia iieooaaony ia
nianoaaiioth i?e?iaeo eae oaeiaoth, ii nayuaiii aethaeao aa ii?io e
a?aieoeo, inoaaeyy naay naiiai eae anoue, ia?aie/aiiui e oece/anee e
oinoaaiii. Neea aai oaaee/eaaaony ca n/ao aiaoieo aio, aai oaeo, aai
iicao e na?aeoeo i?oaeee e iaoei. ?ac?ua iaaeaeo iiuueth oaoieee e
neaainoueth naiiai /aeiaaea eae oaeiaiai ?anoao e iioiio ana aieaa
ioaeiieyao, aeaaea ia/eiaao oaeanaoue (ionthaea nia?aiaiiua ieou-oiaee
“ainnoaiey iaoei”, ii?aaiuaiey ethaeae aoaeoueie eeai?aaie, iiao/eie
?iaioaie e o.ae.). Iaeuecy io?eoeaoue cia/aiea oaoieee, ioaeii oieueei
iinoaaeoue aa ia ianoi. Oaoiecaoeey, n/eoaao Oaaei?ia, iiaeao auoue
oieueei a?aiaiiie e aieiaie, a ia aeaaiie aaoaueth ?acaeoey. Ioaeii,
/oiau /aeiaae oo aea neeo oia, auaeoiee, ?an/aoa, ica?aiey ia?aoee ia ia
eneonnoaaiiua i?enoaaee e naiei i?aaiai, a ia naie i?aaiu, eo oeo/oaiea,
?acaeoea e ?aaeeeaeueiia i?aia?aaeaiea (oae, neaaeai, /oiau /aeiaae nai
iia eaoaoue, aeaeaoue aeaeaei e aeoaiei e o.ae.). “*aeiaaeo aoaeoo
aeinooiiu ana iaaaniua i?ino?ainoaa, ana iaaaniua ie?u oieueei oiaaea,
eiaaea ii aoaeao ainnicaeaaaoue naay ec naiuo ia?aiia/aeueiuo aauanoa,
aoiiia, iieaeoe, iioiio /oi oiaaea oieueei ii aoaeao niiniaai aeeoue ai
anao n?aaeao, i?eieiaoue anyeea oi?iu”. Oaaei?ia /anoi aiai?eo i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe aeoaieiai enneaaeiaaiey iaoaiecia ieoaiey ?anoaiee, ii
oeio eioi?iai aiciiaeiu ia?ano?ieee e o /aeiaaea. *aeiaae aeieaeai oae
/ooei aieoe a i?ioaeathuea a i?e?iaea anoanoaaiiua i?ioeannu, /oiau
iiaeii auei ii eo ia?acoeo – ii ia aieaa aunieii, niciaoaeueiii o?iaia –
iaiiaeyoue naie i?aaieci, no?ieoue aeey naay iiaua i?aaiu, eiuie neiaaie
– iaeaaeaaaoue iai?aaeaiiui anoanoaaiiui oeaiaoai?aieai. Yoo
niiniaiinoue /aeiaaea a aoaeouai nicaeaaaoue naaa anyeiai ?iaea
oai?/aneea i?aaiu, eioi?ua aeaaea aoaeoo iaiyoueny a caaeneiinoe io
n?aaeu iaeoaiey, aeaenoaey, oeeinio iacuaaao iieiii?aaiiinoueth.

A niioaaonoaee n eaeaae Aa?aniia, aeeciue iioea aeaoiy iooyie ?acaeoey:
iooue aanniciaoaeueiiai einoeieoa e iooue eioaeeaeoa. Aeaaiia ea/anoai
einoeieoa “anoue niiniaiinoue iieueciaaoueny e aeaaea nicaeaaaoue
i?oaeey, i?eiaaeeaaeauea i?aaiecio” (i?eia? – i?aa?auaiea eoeieee a
aaai/eo). A /aeiaae, homo farber, niceaeaao i?oaeey, naie eneonoaaiiua
i?aaiu, aeey iaieioee?iaaiey n oaeaie ie?a, /oi aaaeao e ?acaeoeth
eioaeeaeoa, a n iei, a ii?aaeaeaiiii niunea, iaoaie/aneiai iiaeoiaea e
ie?o. “Eioaeeaeo, – iiae/a?eeaaao oeeinio, – oa?aeoa?ecoaony i?e?iaeiui
iaiiieiaieai aeecie”. Einoeieo aea, iai?ioea, i?aaie/ai, ii ecioo?e,
eioeiii /oao ie?. Anee au einoeieo iia ica?eoueny niciaieai, oi i?iiee
au a naiua iaae?a aeecie, aaaeue nai ii “i?iaeieaeaao oo ?aaioo,
iin?aaenoaii eioi?ie aeeciue i?aaiecoao iaoa?eth”. A /aeiaaea anoue
ia?acaeoua ca?iaeuoe oaeiai “einoeieoa”. Yoi i?aaeaea anaai eiooeoeey.
*a?ac iaa iiaeii nei?aa e aeoaaea anee ia iniciaoue, oi niooii
ii/oanoaiaaoue naio nooue aauae, nooue aeecie. Oae aio, anee aa?iooueny
e eaeayi Oaaei?iaa, oi oai?/anoai naiie aeecie, “i?aaie/aneee” i?ioeann,
e eioi?iio ii i?ecuaaao, yoi e anoue ?anoe?aiea eioaeeaeoa ca n/ao
?acaoaeaiiuo e ?acaeouo ?ano?nia eiooeoeee, niciaoaeueiia iaeaaeaiea oai
“i?aaiiniceaeaieai”, eioi?ia aeinooiii “oai?yuaio noaio” naiie i?e?iaeu
ia o?iaiyo einoeieoa. Aeaeaeao oaeie i?ia?ann ia/oa i aannia?oee,
eioi?ay a o?oaeao Oaaei?iaa ia?aea aeinoeaeeiua i/a?oaiey: aia?aua a
enoi?ee aue i?aaeeiaeai ?aaeenoe/aneee iooue iiuoiiai iiciaiey,
i?aia?aciaaiey caeiiia i?e?iaeu, anaiauaai o?oaea, – iooue, aaaeouee e
iiaaaea iaae nia?oueth.

Nae/an /aeiaa/anoai iaoiaeeony a naiae caiiie (oaeeo?e/aneie) noaaeee
?acaeoey. Aio i?aaenoieo i?ieoe, caaiaaaoue nianoaaiiui oneeeai aua
aeaa: niey?ioth (nieia/ioth), eiaaea i?iecieaeao ?annaeaiea caieyi a
ieieinieia/iii i?ino?ainoaa, e neaea?aeueioth (caacaeioth),
i?aaeiieaaathuoth i?iieeiiaaiea a aeoaeiu einiina e eo inaiaiea. Yoi e
aoaeao Anaie?, “anaie?iia /aeiaa/anoai” – “any oioaeueiinoue ie?ia,
/aeiaa/anoaii iaeoaaiuo ai anae aaneiia/iinoe Anaeaiiie”. Oaeia
caacaeiia aoaeouaa aiciiaeii eeoue i?e eieinnaeueiii yaiethoeeiiiii
i?ia?anna /aeiaa/anoaa, oai?/anoaa ei naiae nianoaaiiie i?e?iaeu.
Ecia?aoaiea oaeeo n?aaenoa ia?aaeaeaeaiey, eae aaeineiaae, eieiiioea –
ia?aua oaae e yoie aoaeouae naiaiaea e neea, “ii/ei, ca?ii aoaeoueo
i?aaie/aneeo e?ueueaa, eioi?uie /aeiaae ianiiiaiii ii?aao naycothuea aai
eaiaeaeu yoiai oaeeo?e/aneiai ie?a”. “*aeiaaea oaoie/aneiai” niaieo
“/aeiaae eaoathuee”: “aunoee, o.a. niey?iue, /aeiaae i?inaaoeo naia oaei
aei oaeaeueiiai aana aicaeooa… e aeey yoiai au?aaioaao naia oaei a
o?oa/aoia oaei, o.a. aicaeooiia, aieaa oiai a yoe?iia, o.a. iaeeaa/aeoaa
oaei”. A ?acoeueoaoa i?aia?aciaaoaeueiiai aeaenoaey, iai?aaeaiiiai ia
nianoaaiioth i?e?iaeo, /aeiaae eae au na?ineo naith iuiaoithth oyaeaeoth
oaeanioth iaiei/eo e i?aa?aoeony a aannia?oiia aeooiaiia nouanoai. Yoi e
anoue ?aaeeeaeueiia i?ainiuneaiea aaaaeaaneiai “aaniethoiiai aeooa”, ooo
iaa?ioaoaainy ?aaeueiui /aeiaa/anoaii a aai a?yaeouae einie/aneie
noaeueaa.

Ethaay oeeinioneay oai?ey iai?aaeyaony a naieo iinueeao e auaiaeao oai
eee eiui i?aanoaaiii-oeaiiinoiui eiioeuenii. Oaaei?ia a naieo
oooo?ieiae/aneeo iino?iaieyo anaaaea iie?aaony ia naa?oi?e?iaeiua,
aeooiaiua caaeaoee /aeiaaea, i?aaeainoeuay aoaeouaa eo ?acaeoea n iieiui
auoaniaieai anaai aeeaiai, “aea?iaiai” a iai. Oniao?eaay a
ia?aiia/aeueiii, oae neacaoue, /aeiaaea nuiiaiaa /oanoai, i?aanoaaiiia
iio?ynaiea io iniciaiey nia?oe, iaea?eaay aai na?aeoeai, iiaeao auoue,
/eua iaoaai, Oaaei?ia eae au auaeaeaaao oai?aoe/aneoth oeeinioneoth
i?aaeiinueeo aai ?aaiioeaiiinoe iai (eae, ai?i/ai, e anao aeeaoeo ia
caiea ethaeae) e iaiaoiaeeiinoe ee/iiai i?enoonoaey a aoaeouai anaie?iii
/aeiaa/anoaa.

?ac eaeao ana oneiaeiythuaany i?aainoaaiiia ?acaeoea oi?i aeecie, oi e
/aeiaae iieo/aao ii?aaeaeaiiue anoanoaaiiue oain aeey naiaai
niaa?oainoaiaaiey. Enoiaey ec iaeiiai, iauaai aeaeaiey i?aacieoe,
ia?a?inoe iuiaoithth i?ioeai?a/eaoth, i?iiaaeooi/ioth i?e?iaeo /aeiaaea,
i?iaeoeaiay iuneue ia/aea ?aaioaoue a aeaoo iai?aaeaieyo. A iaeiii ec
ieo /oanoaiaaeinue neeueiaeoaa, iai?aaeythuaa aeaenoaea aea?aeiianeeo
eaeae anoanoaaiiiai ioai?a, ai?ueau ca nouanoaiaaiea eae aeaeaaoaeae
i?ia?anna (oa eee eiay oi?ia, /anoi ne?uoay e iainiciaiiay,
nioeeae-aea?aeiecia). Aeaaea eo/oea eaeae yoie i?eaioaoeee ene?eaeaiu
iieai yoiai aicaeaenoaey. Aeaeueiaeoaa ainoiaeaeaiea “aiii naieain”
aeaeiaeinue ia i?e?iaeiuo iooyo ai?ueau e auoaniaiey neaauo e
iai?eniiniaeaiiuo oi?i. Ii ethaay naiay ooii/aiiay naeaeoeeiiiay eaeay,
ia?aianaiiay ia /aeiaaea, anyeiai ?iaea i?e?iaeii-aeieiae/aneea eaeaaeu
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey aunoeo ?an e yecaiiey?ia ?iaea /aeiaa/aneiai
i?eaiaeyo a eiioea eiioeia eeoue e iiaiio aeaeo aio?iiioaaee. E ai?ei
iaeeii/iiai aio?iiioaaa ia?aiauoiuo a?aiai au?anoaao a a?iiaaeiaeooth
aeioeo, iiaee?athuaa aea?ei, a eioi?ii aeieaeiu aanneaaeii en/aciooue
ouny/e e ieeeeiiu iaoaea/iuo, iaiieiioeaiiuo e iaaeinoieiuo. E eiia/ii,
iaeaieaa y?eee e e?aeiee i?eia? ooo – eaeay “naa?o/aeiaaea” Ieoeoa,
noieue e?iaaai iiioeeaoayny a ecaanoiuo iiiuoeao aa enoi?e/aneie
?aaeecaoeee.

Ii a cia/eoaeueii aieaa aoiaiiuo aa?eaioao eiae/aneay e aeooaaiay
onoaiiaea ia “naeaeoeeth” i?ineaaeeaaaony a iaeioi?uo eaeayo Oiiaa e
Oeeieeianeiai. I?e anai iaoina oai?/anoaa, iaeooioai?aiey ie?a e
/aeiaaea a eo iino?iaieyo a?aiaiaie cao/ao aeanoeea yeeoa?iua iioee: o
Oiiaa aeaaony aioo?aiiaa niaeanea ia iaecaaaeiinoue auie?aiey iaeeo
ethaeae-aaoiiaoia, ia noiaaoeo iiaeiyoueny ia a?aaaiue yaiethoeee; o
Oeeieeianeiai ano?a/aaony eaeay “eneonnoaaiiiai iiaeai?a”, i?eaiaeyuaai
e nicaeaieth “nouanoa aac no?anoae, ii n aunieei ?acoiii”, eee caaea/a
“i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai” oie/oiaeaiey ianiaa?oaiiuo, iecoeo oi?i aeecie.

Ae?oaay i?aanoaaiii-oeeinioneay oaiaeaioeey, iainiiauaay
naiiaeinoaoi/iia cia/aiea /aeiaa/aneie ee/iinoe, nieeaea?ii-?iaenoaaiii
naycaiioth oeaiue iieieaiee, auea iaeooaaeaia eaeaaeii anaiauiinoe.
Aa?iaaeneee auneacuaaeny a yoii niunea iaeiicia/ii: “Iaeuecy
aaciaeacaiii eaeoe i?ioea i?eioeeia aaeeinoaa anao ethaeae eae caeiia
i?e?iaeu”. *aeiaa/aneay ee/iinoue – aunoay oeaiiinoue e,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, oaeay aea oeaiiinoue – aa aaneiia/iay, i?aia?aaeaiiay
aeeciue, i?e/ai ?acaeoia i?aanoaaiiia /oanoai ee/iinoe o?aaoao nianaiey
aoeaaeueii anao iiaeaoeo, aica?auaiey anao oo?a/aiiuo. Oeeinio i?ecuaae
ia iioa?youe ie aaeeiiai ec iaeuo nee, /ooei oeaieoue aeaaea neaaua
i?iyaeaiey /aeiaa/aneie eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay aeieaeia auoue
?acaeoa aei naiaai niaa?oainoaa o anao aac ecuyoey anaiauei e ee/iui
oai?/anoaii e o?oaeii. Iaeiei ec aa?eaioia aeoeaii-yaiethoeeiiiiai
iniuneaiey caaea/ /aeiaaea a ie?a noaea oai?ey iiinoa?u, eioi?ay
yaeyaony iaiouaieaiie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoueth e?oaa eaeae ?onneiai einiecia.

IIINOA?IUA CAAeA*E

Ii iiaieth aaoi?ia iiinoa?iie oai?ee, iiyaeaiea /aeiaaea a ?yaeo
ainoiaeyueo aeeciaiiuo oi?i icia/aao, /oi yaiethoeey ia?aoiaeeo e
oiio?aaeaieth iiauo n?aaenoa – ineoe/aneiai, aeooiaiiai ii?yaeea.
Aeaenoaeoaeueii, yaiethoeey a naiai ia?aii iuneyuai nouanoaa i?iecaaea
iaauaaeia i?oaeea naiaai aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey: ?acoi, iaeaaeathuee
naiiniciaieai, aiciiaeiinoueth aeoaeiii iiciaaaoue e i?aia?aciauaaoue
naay e ie?. *aeiaae – eoeueieiaoeey niiioaiiie, aanniciaoaeueiie
yaiethoeee, ii aianoa n oai e iaeia ia/aei, au?aaaouaathuaa a naaa
i?aaeiinueee aeey iiaiai, ?acoiii iai?aaeaiiiai yoaia naiie yaiethoeee.
N ia?aie iunee /aeiaaea i ie?a e naaa, n ia?aiai naiiai iaeiai
i?aeoe/aneiai ecia?aoaiey, eaeay e i?iaeo eioi?iai noaee ia?aaeaaaoueny
(onoii, a i?aaeaiee, caoai ienueiaiii, a aeieoiaioa e eieaa…),
niaa?oainoaiaaoueny aeaeaa, ca/aeny oio iiiynaaoee iuia anth ieaiaoo
eioi?iaoeeiiiue iioie naaaeaiee, ciaiee, eiioeaioeee, oai?ee, eioi?ue
aeaao iai iaeaieaa ia?acii aeeceia i?aaenoaaeaiea i iaeiae iiaie
niaoeeoe/aneie iaiei/ea Caiee (iiinoa?a), eae au iaeiaeaiiie ia
aeinoa?o, ii ia neeoie n iae e ieacuaathuae ia iineaaeithth ana aieueoaa
i?aia?aaeathuaa aicaeaenoaea. Iia iioiio e iacuaaaony noa?ie ?acoia, /oi
aaaeouoth ?ieue a iae ea?atho ?acoiiua, eaeaaeueiua ?aaeueiinoe:
oai?/aneea ioe?uoey, aeooiaiua, ooaeiaeanoaaiiua, iao/iua eaeae, eioi?ua
iaoa?eaeueii inouanoaeythony a i?aia?aciaaiiie i?e?iaea, eneonnoaaiiuo
iino?ieeao, i?oaeeyo e iaoeiao, iao/iuo eiiieaenao, i?iecaaaeaieyo
eneonnoaa e o.ae. Ii oaea o?aeoiaea Oaaei?iaui ?aaoeyoeee eae “i?aayuaai
?acoia i?e?iaeu”, eae “aianaiey a i?e?iaeo aiee e ?acoia” niaea?aeeo a
naaa yae?i iiinoa?iie oai?ee. (Enoaoe, n?aaee iniiaiuo cia/aiee neiaa
“iiin” iu iaoiaeei e?iia ?acoia aua e aieth.) ?aaoeyoeey i?e?iaeu
ii?aaeaeyao naay eae i?eioeeieaeueii iiaay nooiaiue yaiethoeee, eae
niciaoaeueii-aieaaia i?aia?aciaaoaeueiia aeaenoaea, auiieiyaiia
“nouanoaaie ?acoiiuie e i?aanoaaiiuie, o?oaeyueieny a niaieoiiinoe aeey
iauaai aeaea”. A o?aaeeoeee o?enoeaineiai einiecia aiaeiaii eaeae
iiinoa?u e iiiaaiaca (noaiiaeaiey iiinoa?u) noaea eiioeaioeey
Aiai/aeiaa/anoaa, aiai/aeiaa/aneiai i?ioeanna iaiaeaiey, i?aia?aciaaiea
ie?a.

N iaeiie noi?iiu, iiinoa?a aicieeaao n naiiai iiyaeaiey /aeiaaea eae
i?ioeann noaoai iauaeoeaiue, noeoeeiue, n ae?oaie – oieueei nae/an, a
iaoa a?aiy, aeinoa?a ia/eiaao ia?aoiaeeoue a iiinoa?o; nianoaaiii
iiinoa?a aaea-oi aua aia?aaee, ia nianai ae?oaii, aeaeaei ia
aeinoeaiooii o?iaia ieaiaoa?iiai niciaiey e aeaenoaey /aeiaa/anoaa.
Oaeia aea aeaienoaaiiia ii?aaeaeaiea iiinoa?u ano?a/aaony o
Aa?iaaeneiai. Nia?aiaiiua aaoi?u ?acee/atho i?aaeiiinoa?o e aoaeouoth
nianoaaiii iiinoa?o, iaeioi?ua ec ieo yoo i?aaeiiinoa?o ae?iayo ia aieaa
iaeeea /anoe: aio?iiinoa?o, nioeeinoa?o, auaeaeytho oaoiinoa?o.

Oai ia iaiaa ia Caiea nicaeaia iiaay eneonnoaaiiay iaiei/ea – aeinoa?a,
?aaeeeaeueii i?aia?aciaaiiay o?oaeii e oai?/anoaii /aeiaaea. Ii yoi
i?aia?aciaaiea aeaeaei ia anaaaea auei ii-ianoiyuaio ?acoiiui, ca/anooth
iineei oeuie/aneee, iaoe?aoeii e aeaaeii iio?aaeythuee i?e?iaeo, aa
?ano?nu oa?aeoa?. Aua Oaaei?ia i?aaeneacae iuiaoiaa iianiia iai?aaeaiea
ai acaeiiioiioaieyo /aeiaaea e i?e?iaeu, iacuaae aai ooeeecaoeeae e
enoiuaieai iineaaeiae, ooaa?aeaeay i?e yoii, /oi oeeaeeecaoeey eeoue
“yenieoaoe?othuay, ii ia ainnoaiiaeythuay ia iiaeao eiaoue eiiai
?acoeueoaoa, e?iia onei?aiey eiioea”. Aea e iiinoa?iue eioi?iaoeeiiiue
iioie niaea?aeeo a naaa eaeaieiaee e eiioeaioeee aioeaoiaiiua e eiaeiua,
inouanoaeaiea eioi?uo eee oaea i?eiineei eieinaeueiua aaaenoaey Caiea,
eee a?iceo aua aieueoeie, aieioue aei aeaaee naiiai /aeiaa/anoaa e
aeinoa?u.

*aeiaae a naieo aioiiieiae/aneeo, nioeeaeueiuo, enoi?e/aneeo a?aiyo –
nouanoai aua aeaeaei ia niaa?oaiiia, a ii?aaeaeaiiii niunea “e?eceniia”.
Aianoa n oai nouanoaoao eaeaae e oeaeue aunoaai, aeooiaiiai *aeiaaea,
oio eaeaae, eioi?ue e aeaeaeao ei a no?aieaiee i?aaicii/ue nianoaaiioth
i?e?iaeo. Oae e nicaeaiea /aeiaaea – iiinoa?a anoue e aua aeinoa/ii
aeenaa?iiie/iay, iaoiaeyuayny a ninoiyiee noaiiaeaiey ?aaeueiinoe, e
aianoa n oai aunoee eaeaae oaeiai noaiiaeaiey. E ioiioaiey iaaeaeo yoie
?aaeueiinoueth e yoei eaeaaeii aanueia neiaeiu. Ii?iaeea ?acoi eae
i?oaeea naiaai aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey, ii i?oaeea, iaaeaeaiiia
naiaiaeie, yaiethoeey neiaii iioea ia ?ene. Aa?iaaeneee eae
o/aiue-iaoo?aeeno aieueoa ae?oaeo naeaeae aeey iauaeoeaiiai eco/aiey
neeaaeuaathuaeny a aaieiae/aneii e enoi?e/aneii a?aiaie ?aaeueiinoe
iiinoa?u; ii i?iaeaeae nouiinoue “iiinoa?u eae oeaee”, eae eaeaaea, a
oaeaea aa caaea/e e aeaeaeouea neeu. A OO aaea, ii /oanoao e iunee
o/aiiai, aicieeee cia/eoaeueiua iaoa?eaeueiua oaeoi?u ia?aoiaea e
iiinoa?a, e inouanoaeaieth eaeaaea niciaoaeueii-aeoeaiie yaiethoeee.
Ia?aue ec yoeo oaeoi?ia – anaeaineinoue /aeiaa/anoaa, o.a. “iieiue
caoaao /aeiaaeii aeinoa?u aeey aeecie”. Any Caiey ia i?inoi
i?aia?aciaaiia e canaeaia aei naiuo o?oaeiiaeinooiiuo e iaaeaaii?eyoiuo
iano, ii /aeiaae i?iiee ai ana noeoee: caieth, aiaeo, aicaeoo, a nae/an
niiniaai aeeoue e a ieieicaiiii, einie/aneii i?ino?ainoaa. Aoi?ie,
iiaeao auoue, ?aoathuee aeey nicaeaiey iiinoa?u – aaeeinoai
/aeiaa/anoaa. Iiiaea i?eaueee ioiineoueny e eaeae aaeeinoaa, ?aaiii?aaey
e a?aonoaa anao ethaeae eae e aeaai?iaeiie i?aanoaaiiie eaeae, ia/aaoae
i?iaeaaoueny a ioiineoaeueii iaaeaaiae enoi?ee n ie?iauo ?aeeaee,
aaeeeeo oeeinioneeo nenoai, eeoa?aoo?iuo i?iecaaaeaiee. Aa?iaaeneee
i?aaenoaaeyao yoo eaeath eae i?e?iaeiue oaeo. “Aeieiae/anee yoi
au?aaeaaony a auyaeaiee a aaieiae/aneii i?ioeanna anao ethaeae eae
aaeeiiai oeaeiai ii ioiioaieth e inoaeueiiio aeeaiio ianaeaieth
ieaiaou”. Aaeeinoai /aeiaaea, n/eoaao Aa?iaaeneee, a iaoa a?aiy a iiiaii
noaei “aeaeaaoaeai aeecie e auoa ia?iaeiuo iann e caaea/ae
ainoaea?noaaiiuo ia?aciaaiee”. Aoaeo/e aua aanueia “aeaeaeei io naiaai
inouanoaeaiey”, yoi aaeeinoai eae noeoeeiia, i?e?iaeiia yaeaiea
i?iaeaaao naaa iooue, ianiio?y ia ana iauaeoeaiua nioeeaeueiua e
iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiua i?ioeai?a/ey e eiioeeeou. Niceaeaaony
iaua/aeiaa/aneay eoeueoo?a, noiaeiua oi?iu iao/iie, oaoie/aneie, auoiaie
oeeaeeecaoeee; naiua ioaeaeaiiua oaieee Caiee iauaaeeiythony auno?aeoeie
n?aaenoaaie ia?aaeaeaeaiey, yooaeoeaiuie eeieyie nayce e iaiaia
eioi?iaoeeae. O?aoee oaeoi? – iianniaeaiea iauanoaaiiie, enoi?e/aneie
aeecie, eiaaea “ia?iaeiua iannu iieo/atho ana ?anoouoth aiciiaeiinoue
niciaoaeueiiai aeeyiey ia oiae ainoaea?noaaiiuo e iauanoaaiiuo aeae”.

Iao/iay iuneue – oaeia aea caeiiiia?ii iaecaaaeiia, anoanoaaiiia
yaeaiea, aicieeoaa a oiaea yaiethoeee aeeaiai aauanoaa, eae e
/aeiaa/aneee ?acoi, e iia ia iiaeao, ii aeoai/aeoaio oaaaeaeaieth
Aa?iaaeneiai, ie iiaa?iooue aniyoue, ie inoaiiaeoueny, eai oaeo a naaa
iioaioeeth ?acaeoey oaeoe/anee aaca?aie/iiai. “Iao/iia ciaiea,
i?iyaeythuaany eae aaieiae/aneay neea, nicaeathuay iiinoa?o, ia iiaeao
i?eaiaeeoue e ?acoeueoaoai, i?ioeai?a/auei oiio i?ioeanno, nicaeaieai
eioi?iai iia yaeyaony”.

Aa?iaaeneee aue naeaeaoaeai, eae oaea ia?aay ie?iaay aieia yaeea
“iaaeaeaiiia ?aiaa i?eiaiaiea iao/iuo ciaiee” a oeaeyo “aiaiiiai
?ac?ooaiey”. Ii i?aaeaeaeae, /oi iaeaeaiiua e eniieueciaaiiua iaoeie e
oaoieeie e yoiio a?aiaie nia?oioaeenoaaiiua n?aaenoaa “aaeaa ia/eiatho
i?iyaeyoueny a yoie aieia e noeyo a aoaeouai aua aieueoea aaaenoaey,
anee ia aoaeoo ia?aie/aiu neeaie /aeiaa/aneiai aeooa e aieaa niaa?oaiiie
iauanoaaiiie i?aaiecaoeeae”. Iineaaeiea aeanyoeeaoey ?acaeoey iaoee
oeaeeeii ii?aaaeuaatho yoi i?aaeneacaiea. A ono?aoathuae oaie
?oeioai?iuo, naaoeuo iao/iuo /oaean nae/an, eae ieeiaaea, iiiaeaoueny e
eciu?ythony noieue aea oaioanoe/aneea n?aaenoaa oaeenoaa e oie/oiaeaiey.
Ia?acaoe “iao/ii iino?iaiiiai /aeiaa/anoaa” ia/eiaao ia noieueei
i?eoyaeaaoue, neieueei aucuaaoue iianaiey e aeaaea iooaeeeaaoue, aaaeue
ia n/aoo aeaaiie aai neeu – oaea e aoiiiua, e iaeo?iiiua aiiau, e
?aaeueiua oa?icu ei?unoiuo aaiaoe/aneeo iaieioeyoeee. Aa?iaaeneee n/eoae
iaiaoiaeeiui nicaeaoue “eioa?iaoeeiiae o/aiuo”, eioi?uo eoeueoeae?iaae
au “niciaiea i?aanoaaiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe o/aiuo ca eniieueciaaiea
iao/iuo ioe?uoee e iao/iie ?aaiou aeey ?ac?ooeoaeueiie, i?ioeai?a/auae
eaeaa iiinoa?u, oeaee”. A a noaouea “Aieia e i?ia?ann iaoee” ii
auaeaeioe eaeath: iaaca?aaeeoue, oae neacaoue, “iaaaoeaioth” iaoeo, ana
aa eioia?iua ieiaeu, iaoeie aea, ii caueoeoaeueiiai e io?aieoaeueiiai
naienoaa.

E?ecen aa?u a /aeiaaea, e?ecen aoiaiecia, ino?i iaia?oaeeaoeeny a iaoai
aaea iinea oao no?aoiuo ceiaeaenoa iaaeaeaiiiai enoi?e/aneiai ianooaaa,
ia eioi?ua ieacaeny niiniaai /aeiaae, ii-iiaiio ino?i iinoaaee aii?in i
aai i?e?iaea, i i?aaiia?iinoe “iaiaeanoaeaiey” i?e?iaeiie aeaiiinoe
/aeiaaea, aa anoanoaaiiuo a?aieoe. Iiaeii ee a /aeiaaea (a aai iuiaoiae
i?ioeai?a/eaie, ianiaa?oaiiie, iiaeaeanoiie aoaeoaeueiui eiioeuenai a
i?e?iaea), eioi?iai caiineo a naiue e?iiaoiue aae aii?aee naiui aeaaei
iaia?aieyi, iaeoe aanietho? Iuneeoaee-einienou ioaa/atho: iao! Ca
aanietho iiaeao auoue i?eiyo oieueei eaeaae, noiyuee auoa /aeiaaea. Yoi
– Aia eee aunoee i?aia?aaeaiiue /aeiaae a ninoaaa aiai/aeiaa/aneiai
aaeeinoaa. Iooue e oaeiio aunoaio /aeiaaeo aeieaeai eaeoe /a?ac
ia?aoaiea ei ana aieaa aunieiai iioieiae/aneiai noaoona.

A ?onneii einiecia, ia/eiay n Oaaei?iaa, i?i/ii ooaa?aeaeaaony
oaaaeaeaiea: /aeiaa/anoai, naiiaeiaieueii iia?ycoaa a iecoae naiaiaea,
naiaiaea iaoaoueny ai ana noi?iiu, ecaaaeuaaoue ana eneonu, ana
aiciiaeiinoe naiaai i?e?iaeiiai e?oaa nouanoaiaaiey, ieeiaaea ia niiaeao
ia?anoe aunoae naiaiaeu aeaaiai eca?aiey eaeaaea iiinoa?u (eee Oea?noaey
Iaaaniiai), anee iii ia ia/iao iai?aaeaiii i?aia?aciauaaoue naio naith
oaia?aoithth oece/aneoth i?e?iaeo, oae /oiau iia iinoaiaiii noaiiaeeanue
niiniaiie inouanoaeyoue yoio aunoee eaeaae, iiinoa?iue. I?i/iia
i?aanoaaiiia niaa?oainoaiaaiea /aeiaaea iiaeii oieueei aianoa n
oece/aneei aai i?aia?aaeaieai, inaiaiaeaeaieai io oao i?e?iaeiuo
ea/anoa, eioi?ua canoaaeytho aai iiaee?aoue, auoaniyoue, oaeaaoue e
naiiio oie?aoue. Iaeiei neiaii, ooaa?aeaeatho einienou, iaiaoiaeeia
?aaeueiay, aeoeaiay ?aaioa iaae i?aiaeieaieai naiae iuiaoiae
“i?iiaaeooi/iinoe” e ianiaa?oainoaa.

Aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea /aeiaa/anoaa, ii Aa?iaaeneiio, aoaeao ninoiyoue
“a eciaiaiee oi?i ieoaiey e enoi/ieeia yia?aee, aeinooiiuo /aeiaaeo”.
O/aiue eiaao a aeaeo iaeaaeaiea yia?aeae Nieioea, a oaeaea
“iaiin?aaenoaaiiue neioac ieue, aac iin?aaeie/anoaa i?aaieciaaiiuo
aauanoa”, oiaiea iiaeaea?aeeaaoue naie i?aaieci, eae ?anoaiey – ec naiuo
yeaiaioa?iuo i?e?iaeiuo iai?aaie/aneeo aauanoa. Oaea a ?anoaiee
nieia/iay yia?aey “ia?aoea a oaeoth oi?io, eioi?ay nicaeaao i?aaieci,
iaeaaeathuee iioaioeeaeueiui aannia?oeai, ia oiaiueoathuei, a
oaaee/eaathuei aeaenoaaiioth yia?aeth enoiaeiiai nieia/iiai eo/a”. O
Oaaei?iaa caaea/a i?aa?aoeoue ieoaiea a “niciaoaeueii-oai?/aneee
i?ioeann – ia?auaiey /aeiaaeii yeaiaioa?iuo, einie/aneeo aauanoa a
ieia?aeueiua, iioii ?anoeoaeueiua e, iaeiiaoe, aeeaua oeaie” ia oieueei
auea iinoaaeaia, ii e iniuneaia eae iaeii ec iai?aaeaiee a aeaea
?aaeueiiai iaeaaeaiey /aeiaaeii aannia?oiie i?e?iaeie, eae iaeii ec
oneiaee ia?aoaiey ei “i?e/eiu naiiai naay”. Oeeieeianeee oaeaea ienae i
aoaeouai /aeiaaea, “aeeaioiii einiina”, i?yii anneieee?othuai a naiai
ieoaiee nieia/iua eo/e e yeaiaioa?iua aauanoaa n?aaeu e iiaouai auoue
aannia?oiui.

A yaiethoeeiiiua ia?niaeoeau iiinoa?u aeeth/athony ia oieueei ana
aieueoaa ieaiaoa?iia aaeeinoai e oiiiaeaiea eieeaeoeaiie oai?/aneie iiue
/aeiaa/anoaa, ii e naiua eioeiiua, aeoaeiiua cai?inu eaaeaeie ee/iinoe.
“A naiii aeaea, a iniiaa aeeciaiiuo oi?i eaaeeo i?ioiieano – eiii/ae
aauanoaa neiaeiiai, iinoiyiii iaiiaeythuaainy, niiniaiiai e
iaia?aie/aiiui eciaiaieyi naieo naienoa a i?ioeanna iaiaia iaoa?eae e
yia?aeae n aiaoiae n?aaeie. Niiniaiinoue i?ioiieanoa e iino?iaieth
aeeaiai aauanoaa ii?aaeaeaiiiai oeia eee aeaea aaca?aie/ia”. E nae/an a
i?e?iaea nouanoaotho i?aeoe/anee aannia?oiua nouanoaa: iiiaea
iaeiieeaoi/iua, iai?eia? eiooci?ee. AEeaie i?aaieci i?eioeeieaeueii
ioee/aaony io iaaeeaiai naiae niiniaiinoueth e naiiiaiiaeaieth. Nia?oue
aicieeea a i?e?iaea yaiethoeeiiii eae iniaia n?aaenoai aeey aieaa
auno?iai niaa?oainoaiaaiey ?iaea, oeaeiai iiae aeaenoaeai anoanoaaiiiai
ioai?a. Eae aoaeoi i?e?iaea a i?ioeanna naiae yaiethoeee no?aieeanue e
nicaeaieth eaeiai-oi aunoaai nouanoaa e ia aeaeaea aeey yoiai ie?eaaeu
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aeeaioiuo aeeciae, oeaeua ?iaeu e naiaenoaa. Oaeei
nouanoaii noae /aeiaae, a iai aia?aua ioi?ieeinue oi, /oi iu iacuaaai
ee/iinoueth – iaiiaeiaieiia e ia?aceiaeeiia oaeanii-aeooiaiia aaeeinoai,
oieeaeueiia naiiniciaiea, aeeth/athuaa /oanoai, /oi aiciiaeiinoe
?acaeoey yoie ee/iinoe aaca?aie/iu, anee au ia ?ieiaua
iaoa?eaeueii-i?e?iaeiua a?aieoeu nouanoaiaaiey. “Nia?oue i?ioeaia naiie
i?e?iaea /aeiaaea. Aa?iyoii, /aeiaae eiooeoeaii iiieiae, /oi aaea, ia
i?ioyaeaiee eioi?uo oea yaiethoeey, iio?a/aiu c?y, anee aeeoue aio anaai
50 – 70 eao”. O /aeiaaea aunieiaeeooa?aioee?iaaiiua ia?aiua eeaoee, a
ioee/ea io i?i/eo eeaoie aai i?aaiecia, ia iaiythony io ?iaeaeaiey aei
nia?oe. Iiyayony iiaua ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneea iaoiaeu, niiniaiua
i?aaeio?aieoue ia?aioth nenoaio io eciina e ?aaaia?e?iaaoue aa. Anee
anoue cai?ia?aie?iaaiiue “ae?on nia?oe”, eae n/eoatho iaeioi?ua o/aiua,
oi ii iiaeao auoue caiaiai “ae?onii aannia?oey”, eioi?ue i?iieeiao a
eaaeaeoth eeaoeo i?aaiecia, iiieaaeeaay aa eee aeaeay aannia?oiie. O.a.
aeey iiaaaeu iaae nia?oueth iaiaoiaeeii iaia?oaeeoue “ia?aii?e/eio
nia?oe”, iiiyoue iniiaiua iaoaieciu aeecie, eioi?ua iiaeii aoaeao
?aaoee?iaaoue a ioaeiii iai?aaeaiee. Ianooieo y?a aeieaiaeeoaeae, a
caoai e i?aeoe/anee aannia?oiuo ethaeae. Iiea o?oaeii aiia?aceoue, eaeea
aeaaa i?eianao /aeiaa/anoao iiaaaea iaae noa?inoueth e nia?oueth. N
?acaeoeai iauanoaa, ?anoe?aieai /aeiaa/anoaa a i?ino?ainoaa, ?acaeoeai
aai iiue /aeiaaeo aoaeao ana oaniaa a ?aieao aai aeaeiaiai aeeciaiiiai
i?aaeaea. E oiio aea iiea /aeiaae nia?oai, nio?aiyaony naiue aeoaieee
enoie cea e no?aaeaiey, i?eaiaeyuee e a?aaeaea, ?acaeaeaieth,
niia?ie/anoao, auoaniaieth ia anao o?iaiyo. Aeaaea iinoaiaiiia
oaaee/aiea aeaeiaie i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe aeecie aeieaeii aanoe e
i?aanoaaiiiio iiaeuaio /aeiaa/anoaa. Anee i?ia?ann iao/iue, oaoie/aneee
eaeao iaoeeiiii, oi a i?aanoaaiiie iaeanoe iao oaeiai
iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai aic?anoaiey. Iaeia ec aeoaieeo i?e/ei yoiai – /anoay
niaia iieieaiee, i?e/ai eaaeaeia iieieaiea e eaaeaeue /aeiaae a iai
ia/eiatho aoeaaeueii n “ioey” e oieueei a aeeeoaeueiii i?ioeanna
ainieoaiey e ia?aciaaiey iie aeieaeiu “ii eaeaa” iaeaaeaoue aeooiaiie e
i?aanoaaiiie eoeueoo?ie, aeinoeaiooie /aeiaa/anoaii e eo ?iaeaeaieth, ia
aiai?y oae i oii, /oiau i?iaeaeiooue aa aeaeueoa. Eni?aaeyoue ai?ueeea
ieiaeu iaaa?iie aeooiaii-i?aanoaaiiie i?eaioaoeee oaea /anoi iii?inoo ia
inoaaony a?aiaie aeecie. E oioae?aiiue iiuoii, ciaieai, i?inaaoeaiiue
iniciaiiuie caaeoaeaeaieyie /aeiaae oaea onooiaao ianoi aeaoyi, eioi?ua
ia/eiatho iiaoi?youe eee aeaaea onoaoaeyoue noa?ua ioeaee. Oae /oi
i?iaeeaiea aeecie – yoi ia oieueei aaaeiia aeey iauanoaa i?iaeeaiea
iaeaieaa aeoeaiiai, aeayoaeueiiai, aiaaoiai iiuoii e oiaieai aic?anoa
/aeiaaea, ii e i?aaeinoaaeaiea aio aieueoie aiciiaeiinoe iaic?aoue
enoi?e/aneee, eoeueoo?iue iiuo /aeiaa/anoaa, eni?iaiaaoue ?acee/iua
onoaiiaee ioiioaiey e ethaeyi e e aeecie, iaeoe iaeaieaa aoiaiiua e
yooaeoeaiua, ?acaeoue naith oieeaeueioth ee/iinoue, aeey eioi?ie oai
aieaa noaiao iai?eaieaiui oie/oiaeaiea, iaeiiaoe, aiciiaeii, e
i?enooieoue, eae i?ecuaae Oaaei?ia, e eco/aieth i?ioeiai, iaoeo
i?aaeeia, iiaeaioiaea aiciiaeiinoae eo aine?aoaiey e i?aia?aaeaiey.

Iniiaiia oaaaeaeaiea Oaaei?iaa a oii, /oi aiaeanoaaiiay aiey aeaenoaoao
/a?ac /aeiaaea eae ?acoiii-naiaiaeiia nouanoai, /a?ac aaeeioth niai?ioth
niaieoiiinoue /aeiaaea, e aeaaiay caaea/a /aeiaaea i?e yoii –
naeaeaoueny aeoeaiui i?oaeeai aiee “Aiaa iooeia ia ia?oauo, a aeeauo”.
Iauee o?oae ii iaeaaeaieth noeoeeiuie, ?ac?ooeoaeueiuie neeaie,
ainnoaiiaeaiea oie/oiaeaiiiai i?e?iaeie “a ia?eiae aa neaiiou”,
naiiniceaeaiea e oai?/aneia i?aia?aaeaiea ie?icaeaiey – yoi, oaaaeaeaao
Oaaei?ia, aunoee yaiethoeeiiiue, i?aanoaaiiue aeiea anao: e aa?othueo, e
iaaa?othueo. Iiyoiio Oaaei?iao naienoaaiii iaeiia?aiaiiia eceiaeaiea
iaeiie e oie aea eaeae e a nenoaia anoanoaaiiiiao/iie a?aoiaioaoeee,
ia?auaiiie e iaaa?othuei, e ooo aea ia ycuea e a ia?acao, aiyoiuo
?aeeaeiciiio niciaieth. I?iaiinoe/aneay iuneue Oaaei?iaa euao e
eiie?aoiua iooe aine?aoaiey. Iiaeii oneiaii aiai?eoue i oii, /oi
Oaaei?ia noaaeo caaea/o auyaeaiey ianeaaenoaaiiiai, aaiaoe/aneiai eiaea
anaai /aeiaa/anoaa a ea/anoaa i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai oneiaey ainnoaiiaeaiey
i?ioaaeoeo iieieaiee. Ii eiia/ii, aeaaiay caaea/a – aa?iooue
ainnoaiiaeaiiiio /aeiaaeo aai oieeaeueiia naiiniciaiea, aac yoiai iu
iieo/ei eeoue aai oece/aneoth eiieth, ia/oi a?iaea “iaeiiyeoeaaiai”
aeeciaoea. *oi inoaaony io /aeiaaea iinea nia?oe, aeaenoaeoaeueii ee aai
iieeaeaao iaeay aannia?oiay nouiinoue, aeooa, “iioe/aneee ia?ac” eee
iaeia “aeiineiiea”, aaea yoa nouiinoue nio?aiyaony, a eaeii aeaea – aio
iaeei ec oao aan/eneaiiuo aii?inia, eioi?ua i?aaenoieo ?ac?aoeoue
oi/iiio ciaieth, ethaiaiiio /oanoao nuiia /aeiaa/aneeo. Eai aeey
i?iaicaanoieea “iauaai aeaea” aaconeiaii iaeii: naia nia?oue, aa
i?e/eiu, eciaiaiey, i?ienoiaeyuea n /aeiaa/aneei i?aaieciii a i?ioeanna
oie?aiey, e iniaaiii iinia?oiia ninoiyiea aeieaeiu aieoe a e?oa eco/aiey
e yenia?eiaioa.

Oae auyniythony iaeioi?ua aiciiaeiua iooe, aaaeouea e iinoaiaiiiio
i?aia?aaeaieth i?e?iaeu /aeiaaea: yoi e nicaeaiea aeieaiaeeaouaai
iieieaiey, e ia?aoaiea aaoio?ioiinoe, iinoaiaiiiai naiiniceaeaiey, e
?aaoeyoeey i?e?iaeiuo, einie/aneeo nee e noeoee, e anaiauaa
enneaaeiaaiea, aeaaioneee iiuo, iai?aaeaiiue ia aeinoeaeaiea aannia?oey.

IAOAII?OICA ETHAAE

A aeaea i?aia?aaeaiey i?e?iaeu ie?a e /aeiaaea, iiaeao auoue, naiui
o?oaeiui noaiao ioiyoea o i?e?iaeu aa aeaaiiai i?oaeey, aa aunoaai
ii?aaaeaiey, oiai iaoaiecia, eaeei iia iaania/eaaao naie i?ia?ann e
eioi?ue a neeo yoiai ie?oaeeea iaeaieueoae i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoueth:
iieiaie ?aneie, aini?iecaaaeaiea /aeiaa/aneeo iniaae iooai iieiaiai
?iaeaeaiey. Ooo e naiay neanoue aeey i?e?iaeiiai nouanoaa, e ei?aiue aai
iaecaaaeiie iiaeaaee aeey i/enoee ianoa ieiaeo yoie no?anoe. Eae ienae
A.N.Nieiaueaa: “Naii niaie ynii, /oi, iiea /aeiaae ?aciiiaeaaony eae
aeeaioiia, ii e oie?aao eae aeeaioiia”. E aua: “I?aauaaoue a iieiaie
?acaeaeueiinoe cia/eo i?aauaaoue ia iooe nia?oe”. Caeanue Nieiaueaa
aneaae ca Oaaei?iaui noaaeo caaea/o oai?/aneie iaoaii?oicu iieiaie
ethaae, caaea/o, iiaeao auoue, iaeaieaa aeeeiaeiioth, ii e nouanoaaiioth
a aeaeueieo ai?eciioao aeoeaii-yaiethoeeiiiiai, iiinoa?iiai eaeaaea.

Nieiaueaa ?acaeaae eaeae o?enoeaineiai aeoeaecia, aiai/aeiaa/anoaa,
oaniiai iauaaeeiaiey aiaeanoaaiiie e /aeiaa/aneie yia?aee a aeaea
ecaaaeaiey ie?a io caeiiia “iaaeoaai” iaoa?eaeueiiai anoanoaa e aaiaea
aai a yaiethoeeiiii aunoee, iaoeaiiue, niai?ii-ethaiaiue oei auoey,
Oea?noaea Aiaeea. ?acaeaae yoe eaeae ai iiiaii ia?aeeaeueii Oaaei?iao,
ii cia/eoaeueii aieaa ioaea/aiii-iaoaoece/anee, aac eiie?aoiie i?iaeoeee
iineaaeiaai.

*aeiaae ?aniieaaaao niaoeeoe/aneie yia?aeae ia?iiiie iiue, eioi?ay a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy ?anoiaeoaony i?aaeaea anaai ia aini?iecaaaeaiea aai eae
i?e?iaeiiai nouanoaa. No?aieaiea iaeooioai?eoue, eniieueciaaoue aeey
niceaeaoaeueiuo oeaeae y?ioe/aneoth yia?aeth, neeo ethaae ia ?ac
aicieeaei a ia/oa e iunee ethaeae. “Ethaiaue, oae aea eae e iuneue, a
iiinoa?a aoaeao i?aauaaoue a ninoiyiee iaeciaiiiai ?inoa. Ecauoie
oaaee/eaathueony yia?aee ethaae ia?aae ana oiaiueoathueieny
iio?aaiinoyie ?aciiiaeaiey ethaeae aoaeao eaaeaeue aeaiue noaiiaeoueny
ana i/aaeaeiaa. Yoi icia/aao, /oi yoa ethaiaue, a naiae aei eiioea
i/aeiaa/aiiie oi?ia, eiaao naiae oeaeueth auiieiyoue ooieoeeth ai?acaei
aieaa oe?ieoth, /ai i?inoie i?ecua e ?aciiiaeaieth”.

?iaeaeaiea, iieiaie ?aneie, y?in, nia?oue noeaieaiu ia?acaeaeueii, e
i?aoaicey ia aannia?oioth aeeciue o?aaoao naiae iineaaeiaaoaeueiie
eiaeee. Caaea/o i?aiaeieaiey neaiiai iieiaiai ?iaeaeaiey, o?ainoi?iaoeee
y?ioe/aneie yia?aee Oaaei?ia aaae a ieai i?aia?aciaaoaeueii-einie/aneie
i?aeoeee, ieai iino?iaiey i?aia?aaeaiiiai ii?yaeea auoey. Aine?aoaiea –
ooiaeaiaioaeueiue “aioei?e?iaeiue” aeo, ia?aoiue ?iaeaeaieth. Oaiiay,
aanniciaoaeueiay ?iaeioai?iay yia?aey aeieaeia auoue i?aoai?aia,
noaeeie?iaaia a naaoeoth, niciaoaeueioth oai?/aneoth yia?aeth,
iai?aaeaiioth ia iiciaiea ie?a, aai ?aaoeyoeeth, ainnicaeaiea oo?a/aiiie
aeecie. Oaaei?ia iaiaeiie?aoii iiae/a?eeaae, /oi ii ia i?inoi io?eoeaao
ieioneoth ethaiaue, /oi i?eaaei au e aiieaeeyoeee neeu y?ioe/aneie
yia?aee. Ii ?acee/aao io?eoeaoaeueiia e iieiaeeoaeueiia oeaeiioae?ea.
Io?eoeaoaeueiia oeaeiioae?ea aioo?aiia i?ioeai?a/eai; iii aeaeaei ia
aeinoaoi/ii, yoi eeoue “ai?ueaa iai?iieoaeueiay”, eioi?ay ia aeaao
ianoiyueo iieiaeeoaeueiuo ?acoeueoaoia, a i?e naiae aaniethoecaoeee
i?eaaaeao eeoue e naiioaeenoao /aeiaa/aneiai ?iaea. Io?eoeaoaeueiiio
aneaoecio Oaaei?ia i?ioeaiiinoaaeyao “oai?/aneee i?ioeann, ainnicaeaiea
naiaai i?aaiecia, caiaiythuaa ieoaiea” (o Aa?iaaeneiai yoi
aaoio?ioiinoue), io?eoeaoaeueiiio oeaeiioae?eth – iieiaeeoaeueiia,
eioi?ia o?aaoao aeaenoaeoaeueii iieiie ioae?inoe, a niunea iieiiai
iaeaaeaiey naieie neeaie e yia?aeyie ie?a, eaeoueie ia ainnicaeaiea
oia?oeo, i?aia?aaeaiea e eo, e naay. A ethaae, iiae/a?eeaaao Nieiaueaa,
i?ienoiaeeo aeaenoaeoaeueiia ia?aianaiea “oeaio?a ee/iie aeecie” a
ae?oaiai, iaa ethayueo ainiieiytho ae?oa ae?oaa naieie ea/anoaaie,
nicaeaaay aianoa aieaa aiaaoia aaeeinoai; enoeiiay ethaiaue
i?aaeiieaaaao iaycaoaeueiia ?aaainoai ethayueo; iaeiiaoe, anai a ethaae
ecaanoia eaeaaeecaoeey i?aaeiaoa ethaae – aeeaia e eiie?aoiia
i?ic?aaaiea aaniethoiiai niaea?aeaiey aai ee/iinoe e aa oaaaeaeaiea. Yoe
ea/anoaa ethaae aiana ia ioaeiu aeey i?inoiai ?aciiiaeaiey, oaaeiaa/aiey
/?aaeu ana oaeeo aea i?e?iaeii ia?aie/aiiuo, aieaa-iaiaa oeo/oaiiuo e
oooaeoaiiuo nouanoa. “Anee niio?aoue… ia oaeoe/aneee enoiae ethaae, oi
aeieaeii i?eciaoue aa ca ia/oo, a?aiaiii iaeaaeaaathuoth iaoei nouanoaii
e en/acathuoth, ia i?aeaey ie a eaeia aeaei (o.e. aeaoi?iaeaeaiea ia
anoue nianoaaiiia aeaei ethaae)”. Nouanoaothuea ea/anoaa ethaae
i?aaenoatho eae iaeea caaeaoee aeey ainnoaiiaeaiey a /aeiaaea
eaeaaeueiiai ia?aca Aiaeey, niceaeaiey ec aeaoo nouanoa eaeiai-oi
aunoaai aaeeinoaa. “Inouanoaeoue yoi aaeeinoai eee nicaeaoue enoeiiiai
/aeiaaea, eae naiaiaeiia aaeeinoai ioaeneiai e aeaineiai ia/ae,
nio?aiythueo naith oi?iaeueioth iainiaeaiiinoue, ii i?aiaeieaaoeo naith
nouanoaaiioth ?iciue e ?aniaaeaiea, yoi e anoue nianoaaiiay aeeaeaeoay
caaea/a ethaae”.

Aunooth caaea/o ethaae Nieiaueaa, eae e Oaaei?ia, auaiaeeo e “iauaio
aeaeo” ai?ueau ni nia?oueth, oaaeiaa/eaaiey e i?aia?aaeaiey aunoae
oeaiiinoe – ee/iinoe, iaeiiaoe, e Aeaeo aica?auaiey anao niciaoaeueiuo e
/oanoaothueo aea?oa i?e?iaeiiai ii?yaeea ca ana a?aiy aai ainiiaenoaa,
o.a. aine?aoaiea anao oia?oeo. “*aeiaae, aeinoeaoee aunoaai
niaa?oainoaa, ia iiaeao i?eiyoue oaeiai iaaeinoieiiai aea?a; anee ii ia
a ninoiyiee au?aaoue o nia?oe anth aa aeiau/o, ii eo/oa ioeaaeaony io
aannia?oey”. O Oaaei?iaa caaea/a iai?aaeaiey eca?auaiiiai ii?yaeea
i?e?iaeu a iai?e?iaeiue, aannia?oiue oei auoey noaaeony eae eiie?aoiia
aeaei: iiaaaea iaae a?aiaiai inouanoaeaiea i?eioeeia ninouanoaiaaiey
aianoi iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe, ia?aoaaony a aine?aoaiee; iiaaaea iaae
i?ino?ainoaii – iooai aeinoeaeaiey “iieiii?aaiiinoe”, niiniaiinoe
aaca?aie/iiai ia?aiauaiey a i?ino?ainoaa, “iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai
aacaeanouey”. Nieiaueaa au?aaeaaony iaiiiai aieaa ooiaiii: “Iiaaaeeoue
yoo aeaieioth iai?iieoeaaiinoue oae e yaeaiee, naeaeaoue aiaoithth
?aaeueioth n?aaeo niia?acioth aioo?aiiaio anaaaeeinoao eaeae – aio
caaea/a ie?iaiai i?ioeanna”.

“Aeaenoaeoaeueii nianoenue, o.a. aic?iaeeoue e oaaeiaa/eoue naith
eiaeeaeaeoaeueioth aeeciue a enoeiiie ethaae, aaeeie/iue /aeiaae iiaeao
oieueei niiaua eee aianoa ni anaie”, no?aiynue e eaeaaeo niaa?oaiiiai
anaaaeeinoaa, aaea oi?aeanoaoao oa ia?acaeaeueiinoue anao e eo
ee/iinoiay ianeeyiiinoue, oa ?aaiioeaiiinoue /anoae e oeaeiai, iauaai e
aaeeie/iiai, eioi?ay ninoaaeyao, ii Oaaei?iao, i?iaeoeaiue aeey
/aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa eaeaae O?ie/iiai aiaeanoaaiiiai auoey. Aac ciaiey
eiie?aoiuo oaaei?ianeeo i?iaeoia aeeth/aiey einie/aneie n?aaeu a
ethaiaii-i?aia?aciaaoaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaa/anaa (?annaeaiea
/aeiaa/anoaa a einiina, ?aaoeyoeey einie/aneeo yaeaiee e o.ae.)
neaaeothuaa cayaeaiea Nieiaueaaa oaeaea iai?a/eaaaony aeiaieueii
ooiaiiie o?acie: “Ii aeey iieiiai eo (?acee/iuo oi?i ?acaeaeaiey
ethaeae.) oi?acaeiaiey e aeey ieii/aoaeueiiai oaaeiaa/eaaiey anao
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoae, ia oieueei ianoiyueo, ii e i?ioaaeoeo, ioaeii,
/oiau i?ioeann eioaa?aoeee ia?aoae ca i?aaeaeu aeecie nioeeaeueiie, eee
nianoaaiii /aeiaa/aneie, e aeeth/ee a naay noa?o einie/aneoth, ec
eioi?ie ii auoae”. “Neea aea yoiai aeooiaii-oaeaniiai oai?/anoaa a
/aeiaaea anoue oieueei i?aa?auaiea eee ia?auaiea aioo?ue oie naiie
oai?/aneie neeu, eioi?ay a i?e?iaea, aoaeo/e ia?auaia ia?oaeo,
i?iecaiaeeo aeo?ioth aaneiia/iinoue oece/aneiai ?aciiiaeaiey
i?aaieciia”.

Eneonnoai – iiaeaeue oai?aiey aeecie e, eae anyeay iiaeaeue, anoue
eeoue noaiaoe/aneia, eneonnoaaiiia i?aaeaa?aiea. Iaeia aieiaiea, aieio
i?aaiecia ooaeiaeiee iaoaea?aeeii no?aieony auianoe aiaia, caia/aoeaoue
iaoa?eaeueiuie n?aaenoaaie, cae?aieoue ai aiaoiae n?aaea. A oai?/anoaa
au?aaeaaony iio?aaiinoue ?anoe?aiey naay ca i?aaeaeu naiae i?e?iaeii
ia?aie/aiiie oi?iu; eneonnoai – a?aca i iiaii oaea, ?anoe?aiiii e
aa/iii. Nthaea aea iu i?eniaaeeiei e acaeyae Oaaei?iaa ia eneonnoai eae
iiiuoeo iieiiai aine?aoaiey. Iuneeoaeue auaiaeee ia/aei eneonnoaa ec
iia?aaaeueiuo ia?yaeia, ioiaaaiey, iiiuoee oaea?aeaoue iaeee oia?oaai a
aeeaiieniii eee neoeueioo?iii ecia?aaeaiee, o.a. ainnoaiiaeoue aai oioy
au iieii, eneonnoaaiii, e yoa iio?aaiinoue – a aaneiia/ii oneiaeieaoainy
aeaea, io yie/aneiai eneonnoaa, aeeeiiiai i?aaeaiey i aa?ie/aneeo
aeayieyo iaoeo i?aaeeia, aei nia?aiaiiuo oi?i – i?iieeaaoana eneonnoai:
oo e?enoaeeecaoeeth oaeo/eo, i?aoiaeyueo aeeciaiiuo oi?i a i?ae?aniua e
aa/iua, oi aine?aoaiea e caia/aoeaiea auaoaai e aeeaoaai, oi oai?/aneia
i?iuoiuaaiea iiauo oi?i aeecie, eioi?ia i?ienoiaeeo a iai. Eneonnoai –
i?iia?ac aine?aneoaeueiiai aeoa, e aeaaea naiiai aai oeia ?aaeecaoeee:
oai?/aneia niceaeaiea aianoi ?iaeaeaiey (noaeeiaoeey y?ioe/aneie yia?aee
a eneonnoaa), iaeiiaoe, ainnoaiiaeaiea aeecie eae au “ec naay”,
?iaeaeaiea ec naay iaoeo iooeia e iaoa?ae (a eneonnoaa ec naay, ec
aieiaiee i?aaiecia eiino?oe?oaony iiaay oi?ia).

“Caeiiu aeaeaeaiey iioiea ia?acia – aeo?ae aiia?aaeaiey, cai?aaeythueo
iiyoe/aneei oai?/anoaii, iaeii?iaeiu n caeiiaie niiaeaeaiey,
niiaeae/aneiai aiia?aaeaiey”. Aioo?eoaeaniinoue i?ino?ainoaa
(niiaeae/aneiai, a aeaeaa e ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai) au?aaeaao iniaue
iino?ieoaeueiue i?eioeei oi?i, yaeythueony ai nia, – iaecaaeae,
ni/aoaiee aeeauo ia?acia e o.ae., eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeytho niaie
iaeiaeaiea (iooai ca?eaeueiiai oaaee/aiey) oaeaniie noaiu niyuaai
(ecaeaia e eiioo?ia aai oaea). A oai?/anoaa aea “iineieueeo e?oa
naiaiaeiiai i?iyaeaiey eceeaaaiuo ee?e/aneeo aiei ia/eiaao eacaoueny
iaia?aie/aiiui, iinoieueeo, anoanoaaiii, en/acaao, noe?aaony oa oneiaiay
/a?oa, eioi?ay ioaeaeyao eciee?iaaiiia “oaei”, e?ioioiue eoni/ae
“aioo?aiiaai” ie?a io /oaeie e aeaayuae “aiaoiae” n?aaeu. C?aiea
ieii/aoaeueii oi?aeanoaoao iaae inycaieai”.

AUOIAe *AEIAAEA EC “AAI CAEETH*AIEss IA CAIEA”

Einiin, einie/aneia e a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii e a oeeinioneii niciaiee /aua
anaai i?aaenoaaeyeenue aiieiuaieai aani?aaeaeueiiai, aaniethoiiai,
iaaeinooiiiai ia?aie/aiiiio /aeiaa/aneiio iiieiaieth, yaeyeenue
i?aaeiaoii aeoaeiiie iaaeeoaoeee, aunieiai ainoeuaiey, niaoaiiiai n
o?aiaoii oaeana ia?aae aacaeiie auoey. Nica?oeaiea aunaeaei ec /aeiaaea
ene?u oeeinioneiai naiiniciaiey: eae y iae, ie/oiaeai, a?aiai, a ii,
einiin, aaeee e aa/ai; eee: y nai – iee?ieini, /anoe/ea, ?iaenoaaiiay
ia?iiiiio Oeaeiio, eae oi?ioi neeoueny n iei a iaau?aceiii /oanoaa
aaeeiaiey ni noeoeyie ie?a, aieioue aei oaioe/aneie aai iiaeiniiau!
Nica?oeaoaeueiia ioiioaiea eee yenoaoe/anee-?aeeaeiciia ia?aaeeaaiea
aaeeinoaa /aeiaaea e einiina, ooiaeyuaa a aeoaieoth ae?aaiinoue,
i?aiaeaaeaei ouny/aeaoey e aaea. E oieueei n Oaaei?iaa e Oeeieeianeiai e
ae?oaeo iuneeoaeae-einienoia a oeeinioeth e iaoeo aoiaeeo o?aaiaaiea
i?aia?aciaaoaeueiie aeoeaiinoe ni noi?iiu /aeiaa/anoaa (oae neacaoue,
niai?iiai iee?ieinia), iai?aaeaiiie ia iae?ieini.

?ac?aaaouaay naie i?iaeo ?aaoeyoeee, Oaaei?ia n naiiai ia/aea
iiae/a?eeaae iaioaeaeeiinoue Caiee io einiina, oiieoth acaeiinaycue
i?ienoiaeyuaai ia iaoae ieaiaoa n oeaeui Anaeaiiie. A OO aaea
enneaaeiaaiea caiii-einie/aneeo acaeiinaycae noaei oaea oeaeui
iai?aaeaieai a iao/iii oai?/anoaa. Ia?aaioea ia?iiiiai noaoenoe/aneiai
iaoa?eaea iieacaea, /oi ia?eiaeu noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee, yieaeaie/aneeo e
eioaeoeeiiiuo caaieaaaiee niaiaaeatho n oeeeeaie nieia/iie aeoeaiinoe. A
oiaea aea aeaeueiaeoeo enneaaeiaaiee auei iaia?oaeaii: aeieiae/aneea e
ineoe/aneea noi?iiu caiiie aeecie naycaiu n oece/aneeie yaeaieyie
einiina: iiaeiaii /ooeiio ia?aiiio oceo, eaaeaeay aeeaay eeaoea
?aaae?oao ia oo “einie/aneoth eioi?iaoeeth” (oa?iei, aaaaeaiiue
Aa?iaaeneei), eioi?ie i?iiecuaaao aa “aieueoie einiin”. Naii yaeaiea
aeecie ia Caiea – i?iaeoeo aeayoaeueiinoe anaai einiina, caeanue, eae a
oieona, nin?aaeioi/eeenue e i?aeiieeenue aai oai?yuea eo/e.

Iaeei ec o/aieeia Aa?iaaeneiai – oe?aeineee aeaaeaiee I.A.Oieiaeiue
aaae a iaeoiae aeoeaii-yaiethoeeiiiie, einie/aneie iunee iiaia
ie?iaicc?ai/aneia iiiyoea, iacaaiiia ei aio?iiieinieciii. Aio?iiieinieci
o Oieiaeiiai i?ioeaiiinoaaeyao naay aio?iiioeaio?ecio, yoiio
“ia?ai?iaeiiio a?aoo” /aeiaa/aneie iunee, ia oieueei noaayuaio /aeiaaea
a oeaio? ie?icaeaiey, ii e io?uaathuaio aai io i?e?iaeu, io naieo
“iaiueoeo a?aoueaa” ii yaiethoeee, io einiina. Aio?iiieinie/aneia
iiieiaiea naiaeeo /aeiaaea n aai o?iia eneeth/eoaeueiinoe, aeaey a iai
“iaeio ec i?aaie/aneeo ninoaaiuo /anoae” e yoaiia ?acaeoey einie/aneiai
oeaeiai. Ooaa?aeaeay ?iaenoai /aeiaaea n ae?oaeie aeeciaiiuie oi?iaie e
neeaie, aeaaea naiaia?aciue “aeiea” ia?aae ieie (auiineaoeie aai e
auoeth), aio?iiieinie/aneay onoaiiaea ioaa?aaao ai?aeuiiia iiei?aiea
yoeo nee. Aea, /aeiaae ia anoue iaeia noaa?aiiia e aaoiiiiiia nouanoai a
ie?icaeaiee, ii iaioaeaeei io noaeaa einie/aneiai ?acaeoey, ii aicieeaao
e ia?aoiay caaeneiinoue: /aeiaae “noaiiaeony iaeiei ec iiuiuo oaeoi?ia
aeaeueiaeoae yaiethoeee i?e?iaeu a iaeoaaiii ei o/anoea ie?icaeaiey, e
i?eoii oaeoi?ii, aeaenoaothuei niciaoaeueii. Yoi iaeaaaao ia iaai
a?iiaaeioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue, oae eae aeaeaao aai i?yiui o/anoieeii
i?ioeannia einie/aneiai ianooaaa e cia/aiey”. A niciaoaeueioth
yaiethoeeth Oieiaeiue aeeth/aao e “aeieiae/aneee (a neaaeiaaoaeueii, e
ineoieiae/aneee) i?ia?ann /aeiaa/anoaa”, eioi?ue “a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
aieaa, /ai eiaaea-eeai ?aiueoa, iaioaeaeei io i?ia?anna nioeeaeueiiai”.
“Ia aua aieaa aunieoth nooiaiue yaiethoeee” /aeiaaea niiaoo iiaeiyoue
“aai ?acoi, naiaiaeiay aiey e i?aanoaaiiua eaeaaeu”.

A aeieeaaea “Eco/aiea yaeaiee aeecie e iiaay oeceea” Aa?iaaeneee
iinoaaee aii?in ia ino?ii i?ioeai?a/ee, aicieeoai iaaeaeo “niciaieai
ie?a”, eaaeauei a aeoaeia /aeiaaea, e “aai iao/iie ea?oeiie”,
ainiiaenoaiaaaoae ?yae noieaoee, eioi?ay auea iniiaaia ia
oeceei-oeie/aneeo yaeaieyo e e iei aea iuoaeanue a eiia/iii n/aoa naanoe
e aeeciue, e niciaiea. Oieueei ?aeeaey e oeeinioey a ?aciie noaiaie e
eaaeaeay ii-naiaio anee ia ?ac?aoaee, oi eae au ooieyee yoi
i?ioeai?a/ea, ioaa/ay no?aieaieyi /aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea, aioo?aiiaio
oaaaeaeaieth a iniaii cia/aiee aeecie, oieeaeueiiai “y”. Iiaue eiioeuen
naiaio ?acaeoeth oeeinioneay e ?aeeaeicii-oeeinioneay iuneue iieo/eea io
yaiethoeeiiiie oai?ee, ii iineaaeiyy oai ia iaiaa oae e ia aioea a
iao/ioth ea?oeio einiina, oae eae a iineaaeiae “iao ianoa aeecie”.

Nthaea aea iaaei ioianoe e “einie/aneoth oeeinioeth” E.Y.Oeeieeianeiai,
?acaeaaaoothny ei a na?ee oeeinioneeo ?aaio. Oeeieeianeee iacuaae naay
“/enoaeoei iaoa?eaeenoii”. Ii aeaenoaeoaeueii i?eciaaae nouanoaothuee ai
Anaeaiiie iaeio noanoaioeeth e iaeio neeo – iaoa?eth a aa aaneiia/iii
i?aa?auaiee: “Yoeie yaeaieyie neioaca e aiaeeca niaa?oaaony aa/iue
e?oaiai?io iaoa?ee – oi ia?acothuee nieioea, oi ?aceaaathuee eo a yoe? e
i/aiue ?ac?aaeaiiua, iaaeaeeiua iannu… Ii e?iia yoiai eieaaaoaeueiiai,
eee iiaoi?ythuaainy (ia?eiaee/aneiai), aeaeaeaiey aiciiaeii iauaa
oneiaeiaiea iaoa?ee, oae /oi ia?eiaeu ianeieueei ioee/athony ae?oa io
ae?oaa, eiaiii ana aieueoath e aieueoath neiaeiinoueth aauanoaa. Anoue
ee eiiaoe yoiio oneiaeiaieth e ia ia/iaony ee niiaa oi?iuaiea –
iaecaanoii”. O einienoia o?enoeaineie i?eaioaoeee, ia/eiay n Oaaei?iaa,
ca iniiao auoey aa?aony iai?aaeaiiay eeiey ?acaeoey (enoaoe, aieaa
ioaa/athuay nia?aiaiiui oece/aneei i?aaenoaaeaieyi). I?e eo
iioieiae/aneie i?aaeiinueea (aa?a) ie? aeieaeai eiaoue ia/aei, auoue
iai?aaeaiiui eee iieo/eoue niciaoaeueiia iai?aaeaiea, no?aieoueny e
iaeiae niaa?oaiiie oi/ea, eioi?ay oaea a naith i/a?aaeue ?anionoeo
eiioeaio?e/aneea eo/e iiaiai auoey (naa?oaeeciue e naa?oniciaiea,
aa/iinoue). Yoi, aaconeiaii, yaiethoeeiiiay, (a aeieiae/aneii ieaia),
enoi?e/aneay, a?oaoeie/anee auneacaiiay a o?enoeaineie iiaeaee ie?a.
Oeeieeianeee, i?eieiay e?oaiiai?io, eae naiue iauee oei ?acaeoey, ana
aea i?eciaao a iai ia?iiiua io?acee ainoiaeyuaai, oneiaeiythuaainy
?acaeoey, ii n iineaaeothuei “?aceiaeaieai”, “oi?iuaieai”, aica?aoii a
aieaa yeaiaioa?ioth oi?io e iiyoue – iiaui aeoeii aua aieueoaai
oneiaeiaiey, e oae aei aaneiia/iinoe. Oeeieeianeee i?aaenoaaeye naaa
Anaeaiioth aaeeiui iaoa?eaeueiui oaeii, ii eioi?iio aaneiia/ii
iooaoanoaotho aoiiu, iieeioaoea ?aniaaoeany nia?oiua oaea, aoiiu,
eioi?ua e anoue ia?ac?ooeiua “ia?aiauoiua a?aaeaeaia”, i?eieoeaiua “y”.
Ianoiyuay aeaaeaiiay aeeciue aeey ieo ia/eiaaony a iicao aunoeo,
aannia?oiuo nouanoa einiina, i?eoii /oi ia?iiiaeoea i?iiaaeooee
“iaauoey”, iaoiaeaeaiey a iecoai iaoa?eaeueiii aeaea, eae aoaeoi e aiana
ia nouanoaotho. Aa?aioeae aeinoeaeaiey aannia?oiiai aeaaeainoaa aeey
iicaiauo aoiiia noaiiaeony oie/oiaeaiea a ianooaaao Caiee e einiina
ianiaa?oaiiuo oi?i aeecie, iiaeaa?aeaiiuo no?aaeaieth, eoaea yoe aoiiu
iiaee au iiianoue.

Ii neeueiaa anaai naeeaeaao Oeeieeianeiai n Oaaei?iaui eaeay
iaecaaaeiinoe auoiaea /aeiaaea a einiin. Eiaiii Oaaei?ia aua n na?aaeeiu
i?ioeiai aaea ia?aui noae ?ac?aaaouaaoue yoo eaeath, i?e/ai
?ac?aaaouaaoue iniiaaoaeueii, n naiuo ?acee/iuo noi?ii, io i?e?iaeiuo e
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo aei i?aanoaaiiuo. A?aoiaiou “ca” o iaai
?aciiia?aciu: iaaiciiaeiinoue aeinoe/ue iieiie ?aaoeyoeee eeoue a
i?aaeaeao Caiee, caaenyuae io anaai einiina, eioi?ue oaeaea
eciaoeaaaony, nai?aao, “iaaeaao”; aianoa n oai a aaneiia/iuo i?inoi?ao
Anaeaiiie aeieaeiu ?acianoeoueny e ie?eaaeu aine?aoaiiuo iieieaiee, oae
/oi “iouneaiea iiauo caieeoe” noaiiaeony i?eaioiaeaieai “iaaaniuo
iaeoaeae” iooeai.

Oi/iu neiaa Oeeieeianeiai: “Nia/aea iaecaaaeii eaeoo: iuneue, oaioacey,
neacea. Ca ieie oanoaoao iao/iue ?an/ao, e oaea a eiioea eiioeia
eniieiaiea aai/aao iuneue”. Nai ii ?aoeoaeueii i?enooiaao ei aoi?iio
yoaio yoie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe, auaiaeeo noaaooth oaia?ue ciaiaieoie
oi?ioeo eiia/iie nei?inoe aeaeaeaiey ?aeaou, iinayuaao naia iao/iia
oai?/anoai oaoie/aneiio iainiiaaieth ?aeaou eae iiea aaeeinoaaiii
oeaeaniia?aciiai nia?yaea aeey einie/aneeo iooaoanoaee. Naith aa?o a
?aaeueiinoue iieaoia ca i?aaeaeu caiiie aoiinoa?u Oeeieeianeee iniiauaae
ia ?an/aoao oneiaee aeey aeecie a iaaaniiinoe, /oi iuia yaeyaony iau/iie
i?aeoeeie einiiiaaoeee.

A caeeth/aiea oioaeinue au aua ?ac iiae/a?eiooue iauea ?iaeiaua /a?ou
einie/aneiai, aeoeaii-yaiethoeeiiiiai iai?aaeaiey oeeinioneiai e
iao/iiai iienea, inouanoaeaiiiai a ?innee ca iineaaeiaa noieaoea.
I?aaeaea anaai yoi iiieiaiea ainoiaeyuaai oa?aeoa?a yaiethoeee, ?inoa a
iae ?acoia e i?eciaiea iaiaoiaeeiinoe iiaiai, niciaoaeueii-aeoeaiiai aa
yoaia, iieo/athuaai ?acee/iua iacaaiey – io “?aaoeyoeee i?e?iaeu” aei
iiinoa?u. O ?aeeaeiciuo einienoia aunoay oeaeue aeaeaeaiey iineo
iacaaiea Oea?noaey Aiaeueaai, Oea?noaey iaaaniiai. Ooaa?aeaeaaony e
ianiaa?oainoai, “i?iiaaeooi/iinoue” iuiaoiae, aua e?eceniie, o?aaothuae
aeaeueiaeoaai ?inoa i?e?iaeu /aeiaaea, ii aianoa – e aunieia aai
aeinoieinoai, i?aia?aciaaoaeueiay ?ieue a ie?icaeaiee. E a ?aeeaeiciie
aaoae ?onneiai einiecia, a oeaio?aeueiie aai oaia aiai/aeiaa/anoaa,
oi?aeanoaoao eaeay oai?/aneiai i?ecaaiey /aeiaaea. Aicieeaao iiaue
acaeyae ia /aeiaaea eae ia oieueei ia enoi?e/aneiai nioeeaeueiiai
aeayoaey, aeieiae/aneee eee yecenoaioeeaeueiue noauaeo, ii e ia nouanoai
yaiethoeeiie?othuaa, oai?/anee naiii?aainoiaeyuaa, einie/aneia.

Naiie iaoea, oi/iaa, a?aiaeeiciiio neioaco iaoe, iauaaeeiaiiuo ai
anaiauoth einie/aneoth iaoeo i aeecie, aeaaony iiaia iai?aaeaiea
?acaeoey. Aaaeue iiea iaoea, iniiaiay niceaeaoaeueiay neea nia?aiaiiiai
ie?a, ?aaioaao n ?aaiui oeeie/iui oniaoii e ia ?ac?ooaiea. Ca yoi ai
iiiaii ioaaonoaai oio ooiaeaiaioaeueiue auai?, eioi?ue ainiiaenoaoao a
nia?aiaiiii ie?a n aai oaeoe/aneei iaiaeanoaeaieai iuiaoiae i?e?iaeiie
aeaiiinoe /aeiaaea, aai anoanoaaiiuo a?aieoe, auai?, ia aea?cathuee eo
?acaeaeaaoue, o.a. eaeaae /aeiaaea, i?iaothuaai e ooaa?aeaeathuaai naay
ai ana ecia?aiey e eiioeu naiae i?e?iaeu, a oii /enea oaiiua e
“aeaiiie/aneea”, i?eciathueany iaeeiaeiai i?aaiii/iuie, eaeaae,
ioeacuaathueeny io eiia?aoeaa yaiethoeeiiiiai ainoiaeaeaiey. Iiinoa?iue,
einie/aneee eaeaae aeieaeai auoue ?ane?uo a oaeie eiie?aoiinoe, /oiau ii
iia oaea/ue aeaenoaeoaeueii anao. Aunoei aeaaii iaeuecy i?eciaoue i?inoi
enneaaeiaaiea e aaneiia/iia iiciaiea iaecaanoii aeey /aai e eeoue aeey
niceaeaiey a?aiaiiiai, iaoa?eaeueiiai eiioi?oa aeeaouei. Aunoei aeaaii
iiaeao auoue oieueei aeeciue, i?e/ai aeeciue a aa aeooiaiii oeaaoa,
aeeciue ee/iinoiay, nio?aiaiea, i?iaeeaiea, ?acaeoea aa.

Neea einienoia a oii, /oi iainiiaaee e i?aanoaaiioth e iauaeoeaioth
iaiaoiaeeiinoue aeoeaiie yaiethoeee, iiinoa?u. Iiinoa?iia iai?aaeaiea
eca?aii naiie yaiethoeeae, aeoaeiiui caeiiii ?acaeoey ie?a, auaeaeioaoei
?acoi eae naia i?oaeea. Iao/iuie oaeoaie, yiie?e/aneeie iaiauaieyie
Aa?iaaeneee aeieacuaaao iai: ?aaioaoue i?ioea yaiethoeee, i?ioea iiaiai
e iauaeoeaii-iaecaaaeiiai, niciaoaeueiiai, ?acoiiiai aa yoaia,
i?aia?acothuaai ie? e i?e?iaeo naiiai /aeiaaea, ia?acoiii e aaniieacii.

NO? 2

e

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