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Проблемы внеземных цивилизаций

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Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aneee Ainoaea?noaaiiue

Ii?neie Oaoie/aneee Oieaa?neoao

Eaoaae?a oeeinioee e nioeeieiaee

I?IAEAIU AIACAIIUO OeEAEEECAOeEE.

Auiieiee nooaeaio Eooeei Ae.A.

I?iaa?ee i?ioanni? Naouaaeaeeia E.I.

Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a

1997

1.Niaea?aeaiea.

Niaea?aeaiea 2 no?.

Aaaaeaiea 3 no?.

Iiiyoea “aeeciue” e “?acoi” 4 no?.

Eiiieaiaoyia a iaoae nieia/iie nenoaia 11 no?.

Iiene eiiieaiaoiuo oeeaeeecaoeee 16 no?.

Caeeth/aiea 20 no?.

Iaci? eeoa?aoo?u 21 no?.

I?eeiaeaiea 1 22 no?.

I?eeiaeaiea 2 22 no?.

I?eeiaeaiea 3 24 no?.

I?eeiaeaiea 4 24 no?.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u 28 no?.

2.Aaaaeaiea.

*oi iiae?acoiaaaaony iiae iiiyoeai “i?iaeaiu aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee”?
Oa?aeoa?ii, /oi yoi iiiyoea oiio?aaeyaony ?acee/iuie aaoi?aie a oioy
aeeceeo, ii ia anaaaea oiaeaeanoaaiiuo niuneao. Iaeie aaoi?u
iiae?acoiaaatho caeanue niaieoiiinoue i?iaeai, naycaiiuo n iieneii
aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee, ae?oaea- oieueei i?iaeaio eo nouanoaiaaiey,
o?aouee- i?iaeaio onoaiiaeaiey n ieie nayce e o.ae.

I?iaeaiiay neooaoeey a iaoea aicieeaao eae i?ioeai?a/ea iaaeaeo
yiie?e/aneei e oai?aoe/aneei o?iaiyie ciaiey eeai iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie
ninoaaeythueie iaeiiai ec yoeo o?iaiae. Iaaeo?iaiaaua i?iaeaiu iiaeii
?acaeaeeoue ia aeaa iniiaiuo oeia- i?iaeaiu nouiinoe e i?iaeaiu
nouanoaiaaiey. A ia?aii neo/aa ia?aae iaie anoue iaeioi?ia yaeaiea,
eioi?ia ioaeaeaaony a oai?aoe/aneii iauyniaiee; ai aoi?ii- oai?aoe/aneia
iino?iaiea, eioi?ia aeieaeii auoue yiie?e/anee iiaeoaa?aeaeaii. I?iaeaia
aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee ioiineony e ?ac?yaeo iaoeie/iuo i?iaeai. N
iaeiie noi?iiu, o ian iiea iao ieeaeeo yiie?e/aneeo aeaiiuo i aiacaiiuo
oeeaeeecaoeeyo, n ae?oaie- ionoonoaoao e ?acaa?iooay oai?aoe/aneay
iiaeaeue einie/aneie oeeaeeecaoeee, eioi?ay a naiai “aaiaoe/aneii”
aniaeoa iicaieeea au ioeaieoue “iaiaoiaeeiinoue nouanoaiaaiey” aiacaiiuo
oeeaeeecaoeee, a a aniaeoa “aeooaeueiii” – aeaoue iainiiaaiiua
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eo iieneo. Aiacaiiua oeeaeeecaoeee ia aeaiiii yoaia
eco/aiey i?iaeaiu- yoi eaeaaeueiua iauaeou, eiino?oe?oaiua
iaiin?aaenoaaiii a ?aieao iao/iie ea?oeiu ie?a eae aeiioaoe/aneea
yeaiaiou iineaaeiae. Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi oaeay i?iaeaia aicieeaao
a iaoea ia ia?aue ?ac (iai?eia? iaeioi?ua yeaiaioa?iua /anoeoeu). E
oaeea i?iaeaiu auee oniaoii ?ac?aoaiu.

I?iua aiai?y ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue iao oai?ee aiacaiiie oeeaeeecaoeee
iiaee?aieaiiie ?aaeueiuie oaeoaie, ii e iao oaeoia eioi?ua o?aaotho
oai?aoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey. Ia ia?aue acaeyae ooo nianoaaiii e ia/aai
?acaiaeeoue aeeneonnee, ia/aai nicaeaaaoue i?iaeaio ec ie/aai. Ii
aieueoiio n/aoo yoi oae, ii ia neaaeoao caauaaoue, /oi ?acaeoea
oaoie/aneeo iaoe ia anaaaea ii?aaeaeyaony oieueei eo iio?aaiinoyie.
I?iaeaia aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee auoaeaao ec oeeinioneeo aii?inia i
iiiaeanoaaiiinoe aeecie ai anaeaiiie. Oaeoe/anee yoa i?iaeaia iiyaeeanue
iinea nicaeaiey Eiia?ieeii naiae oai?ee i nieia/iie nenoaia, eiaaea
noaei ynii, /oi Aaia?a, Ia?n… oaeea aea ieaiaou eae e Caiey.
Anoanoaaiii aiciee aii?in ia iaeoaaiinoe yoeo ieaiao. Iaeioi?ua
ooaa?aeaeaee, /oi ANA ieaiaou e caacaeu iaeoaaiua, ae?oaea, /oi iaeoaaia
OIEUeEI iaoa ieaiaoa.

?anniao?eaay aeai?eoi ?aoaiey iiaeiaiuo i?iaeai aiiaua, aacioiineoaeueii
e eioa?anothuae ian i?iaeaia aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee, iu iiaeai
ecia?aceoue aai a aeaea noaiu:

1.Nicaeaiea enoiaeiie aeiioaoe/aneie iiaeaee iauaeoa a ?acaa?iooii
oai?aoe/aneii aeaea iooai “ia?aiina” oaea nouanoaothueo oai?ee
aiaeiae/iuo iauaeoia.

2.Oai?aoe/aneia ?aoaiea aii?ina i nouanoaiaaiee oaeiai iauaeoa.

3.Oai?aoe/aneia ?aoaiea aii?ina i oii, eae iiaeii iaia?oaeeoue e
eco/eoue iauaeo.

4.Iiene, iaia?oaeaiea, eco/aiea iauaeoa.

5.Iiaeeoeeaoeey enoiaeiie oai?ee n o/aoii yiie?e/aneeo aeaiiuo.

A ia?aii i?eaeeaeaiee i?iaeaia aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee ninoieo ec o?ao
i?iaeai: iaaethaeaiea (onoaiiaeaiea ianoiiaoiaeaeaiey aiacaiiie
oeeaeeecaoeee, oeia ieaiaoiie nenoaiu aaea iia iaeoaao, iieaeoey?iay
iniiaa eiiieaiaoyi, eo nioeeieiae/aneia ono?ienoai…), naycue
(?aaeeiia?aaea/e, ?aaeeiiaaethaeaiey, iiene ano?ieiaeaia?iuo
nii?oaeaiee, einie/aneea ciiaeu a iaoae nieia/iie nenoaia…),
iaaecaacaeiua iieaou (ieeioe?oaiua e aanieeioiua). Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue,
/oi ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue aii?in i nouanoaiaaiee aiacaiiuo
oeeaeeecaoeeyo, eo no?oeoo?ao, aeaeao e o.i. iiaeiaiai aii?inii
onoaiiaeaiey nayce n ieie eee ii iaiueoae ia?a iaia?oaeaieth neaaeia eo
aeayoaeueiinoe. Iineieueeo ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue eiaaony oaoie/aneay
aiciiaeiinoue ?aaeeinayce n aeeceaaeaeoeie caacaeiuie nenoaiaie, oi
i?aeoe/anee ana enneaaeiaaiey iinayuaiu eeai iaiin?aaenoaaiiiio
aiieiuaieth eaeae nayce (iienea) a oaoie/aneii aa?eaioa, eeai ?ac?aaioea
iiauo i?eioeeiia nayce (oniaa?oainoaiaaieth noa?uo).

Aeaiiay ?aaioa ninoieo ec o?ao /anoae a eioi?uo ?anniao?eaathony
aii?inu: ii?aaeaeaiea iiiyoee “aeeciue” e “?acoi”, aiciiaeiinoue
iinauaiey Caiee eiiieaiaoiuie oeeaeeecaoeeyie, ?acee/iua niiniau niiniau
nayce n aiacaiiuie oeeaeeecaoeeyie.

3.Iiiyoea “aeeciue” e “?acoi”.

Nouanoaoao ee ?acoiiay aeeciue, e?iia iaoae? Anee- aea, oi eaeay? E
aaea? Ae?oaea ieaiaou, ecia?aiey, eee iia ?yaeii, iu aeaeei aa eaaeaeue
aeaiue, ii ia ociaai? Nia?aa anoue niune ii?aaeaeeoue /oi oaeia aeeciue
aiiaua e ?acoiiay aeeciue a /anoiinoe.

Ia?enenei- eaieineay oeeinioey ioaa/aea ia yoio aii?in no?iai e
ii?aaeaeaiii: aeeciue- yoi niinia nouanoaiaaiey aaeeiaie iaoa?ee.
Iaeiaei, aiayaeeia a iaaaceia- oiaea, a ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie, niinia
nouanoaiaaiey aaeeiaie iaoa?ee. Aaeie e aeaeoie a yeoea- oai aieaa, eai
i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaeyo ec ieo ?acaeaaaony aiieia aeeaia e i/aiue
oono?ia nouanoai- oeuieaiie. Aiayaeeia- yoi aeeciue? A aaeie a yeoea?
Cia/eo, a aeaiiuo i?eia?ao, nouanoaothuay aaeeiaay iaoa?ey- naia ii
naaa, a aeeciue naia ii naaa.

Iii?iaoai oiaaea ooi/ieoue: aeeciue- yoi iaeei ec niiniaia nouanoaiaaiey
aaeeiaie iaoa?ee.

ssniaa ia noaei. Eae ie no?aiii, oaaee/aiea no?iainoe oi?ioee?iaee
oieueei ?aciuei a?aieoeu ii?aaeaeyaiiai yaeaiey. A ii/aio, nianoaaiii
aiai?y, yoi niinia nouanoaiaaiey oieueei aaeeiaie iaoa?ee? Oi, /oi ia
caiea aeeciue eiaaony oieueei a aaeeiaii aeaea, aiana ia icia/aao, /oi
iaaaeeiaie aeecie auoue ia iiaeao. Enoaoe, a aeaenoaeoaeueii ee ia caiea
aeeciue eiaaony oieueei a aaeeiaii aeaea? Iiaeao aie?oa iieii ?aciie
iaaaeeiaie aeecie, a iu aa ia caia/aai aiiaua eee i?eieiaai ca
aaeeiaoth? Iiaeao iu aiiaua iiaeioee e ii?aaeaeaieth aeecie ia n oie
noi?iiu?

I?inoaeoee aii?in: /aeiaae- aeeaia nouanoai? Ioaao i/aaeaeai: aea! Io a
anee /aeiaae eaaeeo a eiia, ie/aai ia aeaeeo, ia neuoeo, ia /oanoaoao? A
anee iia?aaeaeai iica e /aeiaae eae ee/iinoue oaea ia nouanoaoao, a oaei
aua ooieoeeiie?oao?

Iaaeeee ii?aaeaeytho nia?oue a aeaa yoaia: eeeie/aneay e aeieiae/aneay.
“Ai a?aiy eeeie/aneie nia?oe, aeeyueeny 5-7 ieioo, /aeiaae oaea ia
aeuoeo, na?aeoea ia?anoaao aeoueny, iaeiaei iaia?aoeiua yaeaiey a oeaiyo
aua ionoonoaotho. A yoio ia?eiae, iiea aua ia i?iecioei oyaeaeuo
ia?ooaiee iicaa, na?aeoea e eaaeeo, i?aaieci aua iiaeii iaeeaeoue. Ii
enoa/aieth 8-10 ieioo ianooiaao aeieiae/aneay nia?oue; a yoie oaca
nianoe aeeciue oaea iaaiciiaeii “ – aoean ia?aie iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue.

Aieiaoaeueii a/eoaaoenue iiaeii caiaoeoue, /oi ?a/ue eaeao oieueei i
aeecie i?aaiecia, o.a. oaea. Io a ?acoi? Eiaaea ii anoue, a eiaaea aai
iao? Naycai ee ii n oaeii? Iiiaea yeno?anainu ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi ?acoi
eee aeooiaiia oaei i?iaeieaeaao aeeoue iinea nia?oe oece/aneiai oaea
ia?aoiaey a ae?oaia i?ino?ainoaaiii- a?aiaiiia ecia?aiea. A eiaeeeneay
oeeinioey i ia?anaeaiee aeoo ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi ?acoi ia ?iaeaeaaony
aianoa n ?iaeaeaieai oece/aneiai oaea, a ia?aoiaeeo a iaai ec ae?oaiai
oece/aneiai oaea, nianai ia iaycaoaeueii /aeiaa/aneiai. I?e/ai e oa e
ae?oaea i?eaiaeyo iiiaeanoai i?eia?ia e aeieacaoaeuenoa naieo oai?ee.

Io /oi aea oaeia ?acoi, aeeciue e ?acoiiay aeeciue? Aeaaaeoa iii?iaoai
oae: ?acoiiay aeeciue- yoi aeeciue niiniaiay iuneeoue. AEeciue yoi
naienoai i?aaieciaaiiie iaoa?ee ?acaeaaoueny e ?aciiiaeaoueny, oi anoue
i?iecaiaeeoue naaa iiaeiaiuo.

Caeanue, iaeiaei, anoue i/aiue oiieia ianoi: “iniaui ia?acii
i?aaieciaaiiay”. Eaiaiue a ai?ao- yoi oiaea iniaui ia?acii
i?aaieciaaiiay iaoa?ey, e iinea ian/anoiiai neo/ay (eaiiaiaaea) ii
aiieia iiaeao ?aneieioueny e i?iecaanoe ianeieueei naaa iiaeiaiuo
iaiueoaai ?acia?a. Ii eaiie ia ?acaeaathony, iiyoiio iiae iaoa
ii?aaeaeaiea ia iiaeoiaeyo. Oioy eae ia ?acaeaathony? Aaaeue eae-oi aea
iie ia?acothony? Ianeieueei y iiieiath e iaeaiueeiio eaiith iinoaiaiii
i?aeeaieythony (i?eeeaeaathony, i?ei?anniauaathony) ian/eiee eee aua
aieaa iaeeea eaiie. Eaiaiue ?anoao e ?acaeaaaony! Eaiaiue aeeaie?!

Ii iiaio n ii?aaeaeaieai aeecie iu aaciaaeaaeii caaycee, aeaaaeoa eo/oa
ia?aeaeai e ?acoio. Aniiiiei iaoa ii?aaeaeaiea: ?acoi yoi niiniaiinoue
iuneeoue. A /oi cia/eo iuneeoue?

Iuneeoue- ?annoaeaeaoue, yoi i?ioeann io?aaeaiey iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoe
a i?aaenoaaeaieyo, iiiyoeyo e noaeaeaieyo.

I?aaenoaaeaiea- /oanoaaiii- iaaeyaeiue ia?ac yaeaiee aiaoiaai ie?a.
Ioee/aaony io aini?eyoey iaiauaiiinoueth.

Iiiyoea- oi?ia iuoeaiey, n iiiiuueth eioi?ie iiciathony iauea,
nouanoaaiiua i?eciaee aauae, yaeaiee iauaeoeaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Noaeaeaiea- iaeia ec iniiaiuo iiciaaaoaeueiuo oi?i iuoeaiey. Noaeaeaiea
anoue aaeeiue iiciaaaoaeueiue aeo, i?e iiiiue eioi?iai, iin?aaenoaii
ooaa?aeaeaiey eee io?eoeaiey, ?ane?uaaaony iaee/ea eee ionoonoaea oiai
eee eiiai i?eciaea o i?aaeiaoa, yaeaiey.

Yoe ii?aaeaeaiey y nienuaae ec iaeiiai e oiai aea neiaa?y. O Aan iao
iuouaiey, /oi yoi iaeii e oi aea i?aaeeiaeaiea, ii oieueei n
ia?anoaaeaiiuie ianoaie neiaaie? Ia yoie iniiaa iia ii?aaeaeaiea
iuoeaiey auaeyaeeo oae: iuoeaiea- yoi i?ioeann i?aaenoaaeaiey
iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoe iaai?ii i?eciaeia e /oanoaaiii- iaaeyaeiuo
ia?acia ?acee/iuo aauae e yaeaiee, iicaieythueo iauaaeeiyoue iineaaeieo
a a?oiiu (eeannu, oeiu, aeaeu). Iai?eia? ana aa?acu a a?oiio aa?ac
iacaaeneii io eo ?acia?a, ianoiiaoiaeaeaiey e o.ae. Ii a oi aea a?aiy
a?oiia aa?ac aeey ooaeiaeieea e noiey?a aoaeoo eiaoue naie i?eciaee e
ia?acu.

Aio oieueei iaiiiyoii ii/aio niiniaiinoue e iuoeaieth i?eienuaatho
oieueei /aeiaaeo? Aeaeeii aaoi? neiaa?y oiaea caaeaeny yoei aii?inii,
iiyoiio ii a eaaeaeii ii?aaeaeaiea aeiaaaeye, /oi yoi naienoaaiii
oieueei /aeiaaeo, ?acoiaaony ia i?eaiaey ieeaeeo aeieacaoaeuenoa.
Iineieueeo y iuoathnue iaeoe eae ?ac ?acoiioth ia/aeiaa/aneoth aeeciue,
oi y aiieia iainiiaaii yoe aeiaaaeaiey ecuye. Iaaieueoia eciaiaiea e…
iuneyueo nouanoa aie?oa ian ieacuaaaony iaaa?iyoii iiiai.

I?eia? 1 : I?aaeiao- aea?aauey, iiy niaaea aiieia oaa?aiii ioee/aao eo
io ethaeae eee noieaia. Iaaa?iyea iia eiaao ia?acu aea?aaueaa e eo
ioee/eoaeueiua i?eciaee. I?aaaea y aeoiath, /oi iia ia niiaeao ioee/eoue
aeoa io aa?acu, ii ai-ia?auo yoi oieueei y oae aeoiath, iiaeao ia naiii
aeaea ae i?inoi ana ?aaii eaeia yoi eiaiii aea?aai; a ai-aoi?uo aeaeaei
ia ana ethaee niiniaiu ?acee/eoue aeoa e aa?aco.

I?eia? 2 : ssaeaiea- aeiaeaeue, iiy niaaea aiieia niiniaia aai
?aniiciaoue aeaaea ia auoiaey ia oeeoeo, a eeoue iiniio?aa a ieii
(cae?uoia) e ieeiaaea aai ia niooaao n aiaeie, eioi?oth eoi-oi aueee ec
aaae?a n aa?oiaai yoaaea, eee oai aieaa ni niaaii. Aieaa oiai iia
niiniaia ?acee/aoue neeueiue eee neaaue eaeao aeiaeaeue.

Ionoue oaia?ue eoi ie aoaeue neaaeao, /oi iiy niaaea ia oiaao iueeoue.
Eiia/ii iiaeii aic?aceoue, /oi y iaaa?ii aua?ae ii?aaeaeaiea iuoeaiey,
iiyoiio e iieo/ee oaeie ia?aaeienaeueiue ?acoeueoao. Iaaeaeo i?i/ei y
aiieia na?ueacii n/eoath, /oi iiy niaaea oiaao aeoiaoue e oiiaa iiiaeo
ethaeae, eioi?uo y ciath. Ii aea eaaeii, ia?aeaeai e ae?oaiio
ii?aaeaeaieth iuoeaiey (oaea ia iiaio).

*anoi a iiioey?iie eeoa?aoo?a iiaeii ano?aoeoue oaeia ii?aaeaeaiea:
Iuneeoue cia/eo nicaeaaaoue i?ae?aniia, i?iecaaaeaiey eneonnoaa,
oai?eoue.

Eiathony a aeaeo noeoe, ianie, ea?oeiu, neoeueioo?u, iiyiu, iaiyoieee
a?oeoaeoo?u e o.i. Ii ai-ia?auo ia oae oae iiiai ethaeae caiyou
nicaeaieai anaai yoiai oai?/anoaa. Inoaeueiua ethaee aeaeeii, ii iiaieth
aaoi?a yoiai ii?aaeaeaiey, i?inoi ia oiatho iuneeoue? A ai-aoi?uo n yoie
oi/ee c?aiey aanueia eioa?ania /anoue iiaanoe Ai?ena ?iiaiianeiai
“…Aa?aai, ?iaee Enaaea…”. Yoi aeeaeia ?iaioa a aeaea ?aaaiea,
eioi?ue o/eony a iaueiiaaiiie oeiea e ana n/eoatho aai ianoiyuei
iaeue/eeii, e aai ainieoaoaey- /aeiaaea ciathuei, /oi ii ?iaio, ii
noa?athueiny iao/eoue aai (ainieoaoue) eae ianoiyuaai ?aaaiea (ni.
i?eeiaeaiea 1).

Ia aoaeo ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi y oeaeeeii niaeanai n yoie oi/eie c?aiey, ii
eaeia-oi ?aoeeiiaeueiia ca?ii caeanue ii iiaio anoue. Aaaeue iiiaea
ethaee a naiae ?aaioa oieueei e aeaeatho, /oi iiaoi?ytho iaeie e oa aea
iia?aoeee niaa?oaiii ia caaeoiuaaynue iaae ieie. Iai?eia? ienaoaee”,
aianoi oiai /oiau iiiuoaoueny ni/eieoue eaeoth- eeai eioa?anioth eieao,
aunieioeaiioth a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii ioiioaiee, iie aa?oo i?eieoeaiue,
noa?ue nthaeao (iai?eia? aiaaee) eioi?ue iieuecoaony aieueoei ni?inii o
iaeiia?aciaaiiie ioaeeee. *aeiaae i?inoi aeaeaao ca?aaioaoue aeaiueae e
ecaanoiinoue naaiaeiy, a ia iioii, iineieueeo aaeeeeo aaoi?ia i?eciatho
ia n?aco. Ii n ae?oaie noi?iiu a ?aaioa neaaeai eiaeaia?a nicaeathuaai
iiaue iaoaieci a?iiaaeioth ?ieue ea?aao eiooeoeey, aac eioi?ie iaoaieci
nia?aoue eiia/ii iiaeii, e ii aoaeao ?aaioaoue, ii ii ia aoaeao
niaa?oaiai.

Oae /oi aea oaeia iuoeaiea e ?acoi?

O/aiue A.A.Eyioiia i?aaeeaaaao i?e ii?aaeaeaiee iiiyoey “aeeciue”
enoiaeeoue ec i?aaenoaaeaiee eeaa?iaoeee. Aio aai ii?aaeaeaiea:” aeeciue
yoi auniei onoie/eaia ninoiyiea aauanoaa, eniieuecothuaa aeey au?aaioee
nio?aiythueo ?aaeoeee eioi?iaoeeth, eiaee?oaioth ninoiyieyie ioaeaeueiuo
iieaeoe”. Aeaaaeoa ai-ia?auo ?acaa?ainy n yoei ii?aaeaeaieai aieaa
iiae?iaii, a ai-aoi?uo o/oai aeiiieiaiey e ii?aaeaeaieth naeaeaiiua
E.N.Oeeianeei.

Ninoiyiea ethaiai aauanoaa iienuaaaony aieueoei iaai?ii oeceei-
oeie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee: ianna, oeie/aneee ninoaa, yia?aey,
yeaeo?e/aneea e iaaieoiua naienoaa e o.ae. N oa/aieai a?aiaie yoe
oa?aeoa?enoeee aoaeoo eae-eeai eciaiyoueny. Aauanoaa, o eioi?uo
on?aaeiaiiua cia/aiey oa?aeoa?enoee ca iaeee eioa?aae a?aiaie iaiythony
iaei ii n?aaiaieth n ae?oaeie aauanoaaie iacuaathony onoie/eauie.
I?e/eiie onoie/eainoe iiaoo auoue iniaaiii aeaaii?eyoiua aiaoiea
oneiaey, eeai aioo?aiiea ?aaeoeee aauanoaa ia aiaoiaa aicaeaenoaea,
iai?aaeaiiia ia nio?aiaiea naiaai ninoiyiey. ?aaeoeee oaeiai oeia
iacuaathony “nio?aiythueie”. Eiaiii iineaaeiee oei onoie/eainoe eaaeeo a
iniiaa aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe anao i?aaieciia.

Aaaeiui naienoaii nio?aiythueo ?aaeoeee yaeyaony eo auno?ioa. Iineaaeiyy
aeieaeia auoue oi?ioi niaeaniaaia ni nei?inoueth aiaoieo aicaeaenoaee ia
oaei, eioi?ua, iiaoo iaiyoueny a aeiaieueii oe?ieeo i?aaeaeao. Yoi
o?aaoao aeaeinoe oi?aaeythuee nenoaiu. Aeey yoiai niioaaonoaaiii
o?aaoaony aieueoie iauai iaiyoe.

?acia?u iaoa?eaeueiuo iineoaeae eioi?iaoeee aeieaeiu auoue i/aiue iaeu.
A iaaeaaeiinoue o?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee a nenoaia aeieaeii auoue auniei,
eia/a ia aoaeao iaania/aia onoie/eainoue oaea. Ionthaea Eyioiia naeaeae
auaiae, /oi iineoaeyie eioi?iaoeee iiaoo auoue ioaeaeueiua iieaeoeu,
ninoiyuea ec aeinoaoi/ii aieueoiai eiee/anoaa aoiiia. Oaeea iieaeoeu
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie eaaioiaaiiua nenoaiu.

*oiau nio?aiythuea ?aaeoeee auee aiciiaeiu, iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau i?aaieci
iaeaaeae iaeei caianii yia?aee, i?e/ai yoio caian aeieaeai onoie/eai
nio?aiyoueny. Iaeiaei ii caeiiai oa?iiaeeiaieee ai anyeie caieiooie
nenoaia yia?aaoe/aneea o?iaie aeieaeiu au?aaieaaoueny. Neaaeiaaoaeueii,
i?aaieci aeieaeai i?ioeaiaeaenoaiaaoue oa?iiaeeiaie/aneei i?ioeannai,
/oi o?aaoao iai?a?uaiie cao?aou yia?aee, oi anoue iieo/aoue yia?aeth
ecaia.

Aaaeiie oa?iiaeeiaie/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeeie anyeiai oaea yaeyaony aai
yio?iiey. Anee au aeeaia aauanoai i?aaenoaaeyei niaie caieioooth
nenoaio, a iai iai?a?uaii oaaee/eaaeinue au niaea?aeaiea yio?iiee. Yoi
iiaeaeei au e iieiiio eciaiaieth oeceei- oeie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee e
iieiiio i?ae?auaieth aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe. Neaaeiaaoaeueii i?aaieci
aeieaeai iai?a?uaii, eee iie?aeia ia?a ?aaoey?ii iaiaieaaoueny n
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie yia?aeae e yio?iieae, /oi aeinoeaaaony i?e iiiiue
iaiaia aauanoa.

Oa?aeoa?iaeoae iniaaiiinoueth aeeaiai aauanoaa yaeyaony oi, /oi iii
ninoieo ec ioaeaeueiuo no?oeoo?iuo aaeeieoe- i?aaieciia. Eaaeaeue oaeie
i?aaieci eae a eioi?iaoeeiiiii, oae e a yia?aaoe/aneii niunea
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie iainiaeaiioth aaeeieoeo e
aianoa n oai eiaao naith nianoaaiioth no?oeoo?o. Eyioiia naycuaaao yoi n
“aeene?aoiie no?oeoo?e?iaaiiinoueth” oi?aaeaiey. Iiae yoei ii iiieiaao
“ea?a?oe/aneoth” nenoaio iiae/eiaiey oi?aaeythueo nenoai.
Ooieoeeiie?iaaiea nenoai aieaa “aunieiai” o?iaiy eciaiyao ninoiyiea eee
“iano?aeaaao” nenoaiu aieaa “ieceiai” o?iaiy. ?an/eaiaiea aeeaie iaoa?ee
ia eeaoee, i?aaiu, i?aaieciu, iiioeyoeee, aeaeu e o.ae. niioaaonoaoao
ea?a?oee oi?aaeythueo nenoai.

Neaaeoao ?acee/aoue nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey a ioaeaeueiuo i?aaieciao e a
niaieoiiinoe i?aaieciia (iiioeyoeee, aeaeu). Ai aoi?ii neo/aa iu eiaai
i/aiue aieueoia eiee/anoai aieaa eee iaiaa iacaaeneiuo, noaoe/anee
?aaiii?aaiuo nenoai, acaeiiaeaenoaothueo i?e neo/aeiuo ano?a/ao e
eieeaeoeaiuo aeaenoaeyo. Oaeie niinia oi?aaeaiey ia yaeyaony
auno?iaeaenoaothuei. Eae neaaenoaea iieo/aaony, /oi “iaaei?aaieciaiiua”
ia?aciaaiey cia/eoaeueii aieaa onoie/eau, /ai ioaeaeueiua i?aaieciu
(eioi?ua aieaa eee iaiaa auno?i iiaeaatho). Ii aunieay onoie/eainoue
aiciiaeia eeoue i?e oneiaee iiyaeaiey iiauo i?aaieciia, i?ioiaeyueo ia
niaio noa?ui, o.a. i?e oneiaee ?aciiiaeaiey.

*oiau eaaeaeue aicieeoee oaeei ia?acii i?aaieci aue onoie/ea, ii
aeieaeai eiaoue caian eioi?iaoeee aeey iaania/aiey nio?aiythueo
?aaeoeee. Yoio caian ii iiaeao iieo/eoue oieueei a i?ioeanna ?iaeaeaiey
io naieo ?iaeeoaeae. Ionthaea neaaeoao aaaeiaeoee auaiae: ?aciiiaeaiea
i?aaieciia nii?iaiaeaeaaony “naiiaini?iecaaaeaieai” eioi?iaoeee,
ia?aaea/ae io ?iaeeoaeae e iioiinoao.

Oi?ioi ecaanoii, /oi anyeay eioi?iaoeey ia?aaeaaony ia oiia iiiao,
/anoe/ii aa eneaaeathueo. Ia ninoaaeyao eneeth/aiey e ia?aaea/a
ianeaaenoaaiiie eioi?iaoeee. A yoii neo/aa eneaaeaiey a ia?aaea/a
eioi?iaoeee iinyo iacaaiey “iooaoeee”. Yoi i?eaiaeeo e eciaiaieth
nio?aiythueo ?aaeoeee, /oi, a naith i/a?aaeue, i?eaiaeeo e eciaiaieth
oa?aeoa?a acaeiiaeaenoaey i?aaiecia n ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie. Iineaaeiaa
ianoiyoaeuenoai yaeyaony aeaeaeouae neeie anoanoaaiiiai ioai?a.

Iaiauay iiaeii neacaoue, /oi aeeciue yoi auniei onoie/eaia aauanoai
niiniaiia e au?aaioea nio?aiythueo ?aaeoeee ca n/ao eiaee?oaiuo iieaeoe,
e ?aciiiaeaieth nii?iaiaeaeaaiiio ia?aaea/ae aeecianio?aiythuae
eioi?iaoeee. Iiaeaeoe yoi iaeaieaa oi?ioaa ii?aaeaeaiea aeecie.

O?ieia aeaao ii?aaeaeaiea /aeiaaea yaeythuaany aei?aaioeie ii?aaeaeaiey
Ea?ea Ia?ena: /aeiaae- noauaeo iauanoaaiii- enoi?e/aneiai i?ioeanna,
?acaeoey iaoa?eaeueiie e aeooiaiie eoeueoo?u ia Caiea, aeinioeeaeueiia
nouanoai, aaiaoe/anee naycaiiia n ae?oaeie oi?iaie aeecie, ii
auaeaeythuaany ec ieo aeaaiaea?y niiniaiinoe i?iecaiaeeoue i?oaeey
o?oaea, iaeaaeathuaa /eaii?acaeaeueiie ?a/ueth e niciaieai.

Iaiaoiaeeii n?aco ioiaoeoue, /oi yoi ii?aaeaeaiea IA eiie?aoiiai
eiaeeaeaeooia, a /aeiaaea yaeythuaainy /anoueth iauanoaa. “Nouiinoue
/aeiaaea- ia anoue aano?aeo, i?enouee ioaeaeueiiio eiaeeaeaeo. A naiae
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe iia anoue niaieoiiinoue anao iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee
“- Ea?e Ia?en. Iniiaie /aeiaaea ?acoiiiai Homo Sapiens i?aaenoaaeyaony
aai nioeeaeueiay, a ia aeieiae/aneay nouiinoue, ii i?e yoii ia
i?ioeaiiinoaaeyy aai nouanoaiaaieth i?e?iaeii- aeieiae/aneiai
eiaeeaeaeooia. AEaeathueo aieaa iiae?iaii ?acia?aoueny a yoii
ii?aaeaeaiee y ionueath e eieaa O?ieiaa E.O. “Ia?niaeoeau /aeiaaea”.

Ec iineaaeiaai ii?aaeaeaiey iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi iaee/ea ?acoia
iaaei ii?aaeaeyoue ii ?acoeueoaoai aeayoaeueiinoe niaieoiiinoe iniaae
(iauanoaa), a /anoiinoe ii oaeoo iaee/ey i?iecaiaenoaa i?oaeee o?oaea, a
ia ii oece/aneiio no?iaieth eiaeeaeaeooiia. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi yoi
ii?aaeaeaiea aeaii iaoa?eaeenoii, a neaaeiaaoaeueii ?acoeueoaoii
aeayoaeueiinoe ?acoia ia iaycaoaeueii aeieaeii auoue i?iecaiaenoai
i?oaeee o?oaea aeaaea a ianooaaao anaai iauanoaa.

Yoi i?eaiaeeo ian e iunee, /oi oioy iu e ia niiaee aeaoue ii?aaeaeaiea
?acoio, ii ?acoeueoaou aai aeayoaeueiinoe iu iiaeai iaia?oaeeoue, e oai
naiui onoaiiaeoue naii iaee/ea ?acoia.

Aica?auaynue e ii?aaeaeaieth ?acoia neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ia
naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue o/aiua n/eoatho, /oi ?acoi yaeyaony iaiaoa?eaeueiui.
Ii yaeyaony ooieoeeae iicaa e iineo eaeaaeueiue, oa?aeoa?. ?acoi
iaoiaeeony aia noa?u aeaenoaey aeieiae/aneeo caeiiia, ii noaoai
nioeeaeai ii naiaio i?ienoiaeaeaieth e niaea?aeaieth. ?acoi,
nioeeaeueiay nouiinoue anoue iaaeaeieiae/anneia, eioi?ia ioee/aao
/aeiaaea io aeeaioiiai. Neaaeoao neacaoue, /oi ?acoi ionoonoaoao o
iiai?iaeaeaiiuo. Iaeaaeay aaiaoe/anee aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiuie naienoaaie
/aeiaa/aneiai iicaa, iiai?iaeaeaiiue ia eiaao ?acoia e a aeaeueiaeoai, a
oiaea ?acaeoey aai aeieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae ia iiaeao aai i?eia?anoe,
anee ia aeeth/eony a i?ioeann nioeeaeueiiai iauaiey. ?acoi aicieeaao a
i?ioeanna aeayoaeueiinoe, aeaenoaee ?aaaiea n ?acee/iuie i?aaeiaoaie,
iauaiey n ethaeueie. A ea/anoaa i?eia?a iiaeii i?eaanoe aeaoae a
a?oaeiii eee ?aiiai aic?anoa iiiaaoai ia ainieoaiea e caa?yi (Iaoaee).
Yoe aeaoe ia eiay aiciiaeiinoe iauaoueny n naaa iiaeiaiuie e
o/anoaiaaoue a nioeeaeueiie aeecie iauanoaa oae e ia i?eia?aoatho
?acoia, iie inoathony aeeaioiuie.

Iaeiaei iiyaeaiea iaaeaeieiae/aneiai iaaiciiaeii aac iaee/ey
ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeieiae/aneeo i?aaeiinueie. *aeiaae, iaeaaeay nioeeaeueiie
nouiinoueth eae aeaaiie aeaoa?ieiaioie aai iiaaaeaiey, aianoa n oai a
oa/aiee anae aeecie iiae/eiyaony caeiiai aeieiaee. Iieiioeaiiia
aeaenoaea aaiaoe/aneie i?ia?aiiu iaania/eaaao ii?iaeueiia ?acaeoea
aeieiae/aneeo aeaeiauo naienoa Homo Sapiens e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo
aeieiae/aneeo naienoa, aeaaii?eyonoaoao caei?iaueth ethaeae. I?e
ia?ooaiee aaiaoe/aneie i?ia?aiiu aicieeatho oaeea aeaoi?iaoeee, eae
oece/aneea aeaoaeou iiai?iaeaeaiiuo, oinoaaiiay ionoaeinoue, oei?i/aiea
aeecie, ?ae e o.ae. I/aaeaeii, /oi aeieiae/aneea caeiiu yaeythony
iaiouaieaiui aioo?aiiei oneiaeai aeecie e aeayoaeueiinoe eaaeaeiai
/aeiaaea. Yoi icia/aao, /oi ?acaeoea e aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea
iaaiciiaeiu aac aeaenoaey aai aaiaoe/aneie i?ia?aiiu.

Aica?auaynue e aii?ino i aeaoyo- aeeaioiuo (Iaoaee) neaaeoao ioiaoeoue,
/oi eo o?iaaiue i?eniiniaeaiey e aeecie n?aaee caa?ae iaaunie, /oi
aeaeeii iiaeii iauynieoue ianiioaaonoaeai aiaoiie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia
/aeiaa/aneiai oaea. N ae?oaie noi?iiu aeeaioiua n ?iaeaeaiey
ainieouaathueany n?aaee ethaeae (a iniaaiiinoe /aeiaaeiiiaeiaiua
iaacueyiu) iiaoo aeinoeaiooue o?iaiy niioaaonoaothuaio o?iaith
neaaioiiiai /aeiaaea (ia iooaoue n aeeaioiuie ainieouaaaiuie ethaeueie
aeey eniieueciaaiey eo i?e?iaeiuo aeieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee:
neoaeaaiua e ioioie/uee niaaee, ioioie/uee nieiea e o.i.).

A ea/anoaa iniiaiiai auaiaea i ?acoia iiaeii ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi
ai-ia?auo ?acoi iineo iaaeaeieiae/aneee oa?aeoa?; ai-aoi?uo ?acoi iiaeao
?acaeaaoueny oieueei o nouanoa eiathueo niioaaonoaothuee aeieiae/aneee
o?iaaiue; a-o?aoueeo ?acoi aicieeaao oieueei a i?ioeanna o/anoey
ioaeaeueiiai nouanoaa a nioeeaeueiie aeecie iauanoaa; a-/aoaa?ouo
aiciiaeai oieueei o nouanoa aaaeoueo iauanoaaiiue ia?ac aeecie; a-iyouo
?acoeueoao aeaenoaey ?acoia iiaeii iaia?oaeeoue ii oaeoo nicaeaiey
iieaciuo i?aaeiaoia: i?oaeee o?oaea.

4.Eiiieaiaoyia a iaoae nieia/iie nenoaia.

Eoi-oi iiaeao neacaoue, /oi y ooae a noi?iio io oaiu. Niae?aeny eneaoue
aiacaiiua oeeaeeecaoeee, a nai ianoaeaeaao aii?inu aeecie e ?acoia.
Eaaeii ia?aeaeai e aiacaiiui oeeaeeecaoeeyi. Aeey i?inoiou caeiainy
iieneii oeeaeeecaoeee ninoiyueo ec iniaae, eioi?ua ii naiaio oeceei-
oeie/aneiio ninoaao aeinooiiu iaoaio iiieiaieth, o.a. o?aaotho aeey
naiaai ia?aiia/aeueiiai ?acaeoey oyaeaeuo yeaiaioia. Enoaoe ii iiaieth
iaeioi?uo o/aiuo ae?oaeo oeeaeeecaoeee e auoue ia iiaeao. Ai?i/ai
iaeioi?ua ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi iaoa oeeaeeecaoeey aiiaua aaeeinoaaiiay e
iaiiaoi?eiay. Oioy anoue e oaeea, eoi ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi oieueei a
aeaeeiie /anoe Anaeaiiie oeeaeeecaoeee iiaeiaiuo iaoae e noiyueo ia oie
aea nooiaie ?acaeoey ian/eouaaaony nioie ieeeeiiia. Aeaeeii enoeia eae
anaaaea eaaeeo aaea-oi iina?aaeeia. Ii aeaaaeoa ia oi?iiynue.

Aanieeioiua einie/aneea aiia?aou ?aciuo no?ai oaea iaeaoaee ana ieaiaou
iaoae nieia/iie nenoaiu e i?iaaee eo enneaaeiaaiey. Ia Eoio, Aaia?o e
Ia?n iaiaeiie?aoii iioneaeenue aiia?aou e i?iaiaeeee enneaaeiaaiey. N
Eoiu aica?auaeenue ia?aoii i?eaacy ia?acoeu a?oioa. Aia?eeaineea
ano?iiaaou iaiaeiie?aoii eaoaee ia Eoio. ?acoeueoao anao enneaaeiaaiee e
iaaethaeaiee- ia ieaiaoao nieia/iie nenoaiu aeecie iao! Ii ianeieueei
iiaeii yoiio aa?eoue?

A NNN? oea iiaeaioiaea e ia?aiio caioneo enneaaeiaaoaeueneie noaioeee ia
Eoio. Iaeei ec iieiaeuo eiino?oeoi?ia nicaeae i?eai? iicaieythuee
ii?aaeaeeoue iaee/ea aeecie ia ieaiaoa, iaeiaei aeaaiue eiino?oeoi?
Ei?ieaa ioeacaeny onoaiaaeeaaoue yoio i?eai? ia noaioeeth. Iieiaeie
eiino?oeoi? ia naeaaaeny e ianoaeaae ia onoaiiaea i?eai?a, aeieacuaay
aai iaiaoiaeeiinoue. Oiaaea Ei?ieaa i?aaeeiaeee i?iaanoe yenia?eiaio:
i?eai? auaacee a noaiue ca eeeiiao? io einiiae?iia e aeeth/eee.
?acoeueoao aue iaiaeeaeaiiui aeey anao e?iia Ei?ieaaa: i?eai?
iaeiicia/ii ooaa?aeaeae, /oi ia Caiea aeecie iao. Anoanoaaiii, /oi iinea
yoiai yenia?eiaioa aii?in ia onoaiiaea i?eai?a ia noaioeeth aue niyo. Ia
niaa?oeee ee ooaea ioeaeo ana inoaeueiua noaioeee.

Aia?eeaineea enneaaeiaaoaeueneea noaioeee “Aeeeia-1” e “Aeeeia-2”
niaa?oeee iinaaeeo ia iiaa?oiinoue ieaiaou, acyee ia?acoeu a?oioa e
ia/aee aai enneaaeiaaiey. A ?acoeueoaoa oeie/aneie ia?aaioea i?iecioei
auaeaeaiea aauanoaa oa?aeoa?iiai aeey iineaaenoaee ?aaiou
iee?ii?aaieciia! Cia/eo a a?oioa anoue iee?ii?aaieciu?! Anoue aiacaiiay
aeeciue?! Iaeiaei i?iaaaeaiiue ia caiea yenia?eiaio n a?oioii aeeceei ii
oeie/aneiio ninoaao e eiiieaiaoiiio a?oioo n ouaoaeueii oie/oiaeaiiuie
iee?ii?aaieciaie aeae oio aea ?acoeueoao, /oi e “Aeeeiae”. Eae
aiineaaenoaee

auynieeinue yoi aiieia ii?iaeueiay oeie/aneay ?aaeoeey a?oioa, ia
o?aaothuay ieeaeeo iee?ii?aaieciia. Cia/eo aeecie ana oaee iao?

Ia neaaeoao caauaaoue, /oi iioneaaiua aiia?aou enneaaeiaaee oieueei
iaeoth ieiuaaeue ieaiaou aie?oa ianoa naiae ieaiaou. Aeaaea aacaeaoiaeu
iiauaaaoea ia Eoia e nae/an ?aaioathuea ia Ia?na enneaaeotho
iacia/eoaeueioth ieiuaaeueth ii n?aaiaieth ni anae ieaiaoie. Iiaeao yoie
ieiuaaee e aeinoaoi/ii aeey aeaoaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey no?oeoo?u
ieaiaou, ii yaii iaei aeey ii?aaeaeaiey anoue eee iao aeeciue. E?iia
oiai yoe aiia?aou cai?inoi iiaoo i?iaoaoue ieii aeeaiai iauaeoa e ia
?aniiciaoue aai. Iai?eia? ii iiaeao auoue i/aiue iae: aaeoa?ey,
ae?on…; eee niyuaa nouanoai oeia caiiie /a?aiaoe iiaeao auoue i?eiyoi
ca eaiaiue. Aiia?aou aaaeouea iaaethaeaiey aeenoaioeeiiii iiaoo ia
caiaoeoue aeeciue ec-ca iaaeinoaoi/ii oi?ioaai ?ac?aoaiey aiia?aoo?u.
Enoaoe caaea/a iienea aeecie yaeyaony aoi?inoaiaiiie i?e ieaie?iaaiee
enneaaeiaaiee, iiyoiio ae ia oaeaeyaony iiiai nee e n?aaenoa.

Iinea aunaaeee aia?eeaineeo ano?iiaaoia ia Eoio, iiiaea ethaee, iniaaiii
ooieiae e ?aaeeiethaeoaee, ia/aee ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi ano?iiaaou iaoee ia
Eoia neaaeu eiiieaiaoyi. A iniiaa yoeo ooaa?aeaeaiee eaaeeo aeaa
?aaeueiuo oaeoa.

Ai-ia?auo a ?aaeeinayce ano?iiaaoia n Caieae, eniieueciaaeenue oneiaiua
iaicia/aiey (iacaaiey) ioaeaeueiuo i?aaeiaoia e yaeaiee n oeaeueth
nie?uoey ?acoeueoaoia iaaethaeaiee. Iaeiaei neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi yoio
oaeo nai ii naaa ia aucuaaao eaeeo eeai iiaeic?aiee eee aeiaaaeie. Yoi
noaiaea?oiay e aunieiyooaeoeaiay ia?a nae?aoiinoe eniieuecoaiay anaaaea
eee ii/oe anaaaea, eiaaea o?aaoaony aanoe nae?aoiua ia?aaiai?u. Oaeaea
ia neaaeoao n/eoaoue nai oaeo canae?a/eaaiey einie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee
/ai eeai iniaaiiui. ?aaeei ia?aaiai?u einie/aneeo noaioeee n Caieae
aeiaieueii eaaei i?ineooeaathony aeaaea ianiaoeeaeenoaie, a /anoiinoe
?aaeeinaycue ano?iiaaoia ia Eoia n Caieae i?ineooeaaee nioie anee ia
ouny/e /anoiuo ?aaeeiethaeoaeae, ia aiai?y oaea i niaoeneoaeaao
?acee/iuo ainoaea?noa. Iaeiaei i?aaeeueii iiiyoue yoe ia?aaiai?u auei
aanueia cao?oaeieoaeueii ec-ca eniieueciaaiey oneiaiuo iaicia/aiee. Yoi
aeaei iniiaaiea aeey aicieeiiaaiey iiiaeanoaa aa?nee i nooe nayce. Iaeia
ec aa?nee eae ?ac ooaa?aeaeaea, /oi iiae oneiaiuie iaicia/aieyie
ne?uaathony ?acee/iua eiiieaiaoiua iauaeou iaia?oaeaiiua ano?iiaaoaie ia
Eoia. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi i?eia?ii a oi aea a?aiy Aia?eeo
caoeanoioea aieia niiauaiee ia IEI. Iniiao yoeo niiauaiee ninoaaeyee
aeieoiaiou iaeiie ec aiaiii- enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo aac AAN NOA ia
enneaaeiaaiee inoaoeia naeoiai IEI e aai ieeioia. Iaeiaei i?e aieaa
aeaoaeueiii ?anniio?aiee yoe aeieoiaiou aucuaatho ii?aaeaeaiiia
iaaeiaa?ea, iaeiaei eo auei aeinoaoi/ii aeey nicaeaiey nainaoeee. Oae
/oi iaoaeeaeoaeueii, /oi anai anthaeo ia?aueeenue eiiieaiaoyia.

Ai-aoi?uo neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi IANA naii niiaueei iauanoaaiiinoe
aeeeio aieiu ia eioi?ie aoaeao aanoenue naycue n ano?iiaaoaie.
Anoanoaaiii, /oi eiaaea yoa naycue i?ae?aoeeanue auea auaeaeiooa aa?ney,
/oi ano?iiaaou ia?aoee aeey nayce ia ae?oaoth aieio, iaecaanoioth
iauanoaaiiinoe, aeey ia?aaea/e aieaa nae?aoiuo naaaeaiee. Aiineaaenoaee
IANA iauynieei i?ae?auaiea nayce oai, /oi ano?iiaaou onoaee e yoi aue
i?inoi ia?a?ua a ia?aaea/a aeey ioaeuoa. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi iaa yoe
aa?nee ?aaiiaa?iyoiu, iaeiaei ec-ca ethaae ethaeae e nainaoeeyi e
iaaeiaa?ey e niiauaieyi aeanoae aieueoaa ?ani?ino?aiaiea iieo/eea aa?ney
i ia?aoiaea ia ae?oaoth aieio.

I?eaaaeo io?uaie ec eieae E.A.*oeeiaa “Caacaeiua nuiu” (ni. i?eeiaeaiea
2).

Iaeiaei i?e aiaeeca yoiai oaenoa neaaeoao o/eouaaoue: ai-ia?auo yoio
oaeno aue iineaaeiaaoaeueii ia?aaaaeai ia ianeieueei ycueia i?aaeaea /ai
iiyaeeny a aeaiiii aeaea, /oi niioaaonoaaiii i?eaaei e iaieioaiui
eneaaeaieyi. Ai-aoi?uo ana ia?aaiaeu e auaea?aeee auiieiyeenue ethaeueie
oaa?aiiuie a iaee/ee eiiieaiaoyi, /oi io?aceeinue ia i?eno?anoiinoe. E
niaeaeaieth iia ia oaeaeinue aeinoaoue i?eaeiae yoiai oaenoa, iiyoiio
i?eoiaeeony aeiaieuenoaiaaoueny eiathueiny. Aaeeinoaaiiay noeeenoe/aneay
ioeaea a aeaiiii oaenoa yoi iaicia/aiea ?acia?ia iauaeoia a iao?ao, oioy
aia?eeaiaoe aeieaeai aeaoue ?acia? a oooao. Ana inoaeueiua neiaa, a oii
/enea oeacaiey ia ?acia? a ieeyo e ?oaaiue a aeaea oiiieiaiey aiaa e
/a?oa yaeythony oeie/ii aia?eeaineeie e niiiaiee ia aucuaatho.

Aaoi? eieae ni nnueeie ia AEaia Aa?aeaia e AEi?aea Aaeea “Eieaa
oaeinoaaiiinoae” (ecae. Aeueaei Ieoaeue, Ia?eae, 1975 a.) ooaa?aeaeaao,
/oi ana iieaou aia?eeaineeo ei?aaeae e Eoia e iiaeaioiaeoaeueiua iieaou
nii?iaiaeaeaeenue IEI. I?e yoii aaoi? ia i?eaiaeeo aaniethoii ieeaeeo
aeieacaoaeuenoa, iaeiaei i?eaiaeeo ?yae ioeoeeaeueiuo ii?iaa?aeaiee eae
aeieacaoaeuenoaa naiae aa?nee (?). Aeiiieieoaeueiia iiaeic?aiea aucuaaao
oio oaeo, /oi oioy eieaa ia eioi?oth nnueaaony aaoi? ecaeaia a Ia?eaea,
a eiioea nnueee aaoi? oeacuaaao, /oi ia?aaiae auiieiai n… iieueneiai
(!?).

Ae?oaei aeinoaoi/ii oe?iei ecaanoiui aeieacaoaeuenoaii nouanoaiaaiey
eiiieaiaoyi yaeyaony aeieoiaio n aacu AAN NOA yaeythueeny io/aoii ia
enneaaeiaaiee naeoiai IEI e aai yeeiaaea.

A 1984 aiaeo oaeai?iaethnna?o Aeaeaeino Naiaea?a aiiieiiui eeoeii aue
iiaea?ioai eiiaa?o n ?oeiiii ia i?iyaeaiiie ieaiee, ia eioi?ie aue
aeieeaae Oeeeaieioa?a ia iia?aoeee “Iaaeanoee-12”. Iinea aeaoo n
iieiaeiie eao ouaoaeueiie i?iaa?ee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue enneaaeiaaoaeueneie
i?aaiecaoeee Aeeueyi Io?, /ueei annenoaioii yaeyaony Naiaea?a, i?aaeae
/anoue aeieoiaioia iaeanea. I?eaaaeo yoio aeieoiaio oeaeeeii n nnueeie
ia eieao E.A.*oaeeiaa “Caacaeiua nuiu” e eieao I.Aeueoeeia e I.Eaaaaeaaa
“Nia?oue ieeioia IEI”. A iineaaeiae eieaa oaeno aeieoiaioa ianeieueei
aeaeieciaiai, iaeiaei aai niune auaea?aeai aa?ii (ni. i?eeiaeaiey 3-4).

Aiaeec iaeioi?uo e?eoe/aneeo caia/aiee ec eieae I.Aeueoeeia e
I.Eaaaaeaaa “Nia?oue ieeioia IEI”:

1).Ia?aia iiaeic?aiea aucuaaao oeao?a Aeiiaeueaea Iaicaea, yaeythuaainy
y?inoiui e?eoeeii eiiieaiaoiie i?e?iaeu IEI e noaoai a?aaeaeaineei
/aeiaaeii. A?yae ee ii iia auoue nio?oaeieeii Oe?O, a oai aieaa /eaiii
a?oiiu “Iaaeanoee-12”. Iaeiaei iaeiei ec niiniaia canae?a/eaaiey
eioi?iaoeee yaeyaony aa io?eoeaiea e iniayiea. Noaioii O?eaeiai a
aeo?iaea “Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue IEI- aanoiee” (NOA) noaouey “Nae?aoiay
aeeciue Aeiiaeueaea Iaicaea” i?eaiaeeo oaaaeeoaeueiua aeieacaoaeuenoaa
?aaiou Iaicaea a Oe?O.

2).Iaaeioiaiea e iiaeic?aiea aucuaaao oeeo?a 0 ia?aae aeaoie 7 ethey,
iaeiaei ei?ae- aaeie?ae Oee Ii?oii, auaoee ia/aeueiee aaia?aeueiiai
ooaaa A?eoaiee, ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi a aeieoiaioao IAOI anaaaea
eniieueciaaeanue oeeo?a 0 ia?aae aaeeie/iie aeaoie.

3).Aeieoi? ?.A.Aaneioo- i?ioanni? ii eeiaaenoeea e aio?iiieiaee
oieaa?neoaoa Ae?th (a.Iyaeenii), n?aaiee noeeenoeeo aeieeaaea
Yecaioaoy?a ni noeeenoeeie 27 ae?oaeo aeieoiaioia, iaienaiiuo ?oeie
Oeeeaieioa?a. A ienueia ia eiy caeiiiaaaea ?iaa?oa Aeaoo/aia,
aeaoe?iaaiiii 7 ai?aey 1988 a., Aaneio cayaee neaaeothuaa: “Ii iiaio
iiaieth, iao ieeaeeo iniiaaiee ?anniao?eaaoue eaeea- eeai ec yoeo
niiauaiee eae iioaiie/anoai e iieaaaoue, /oi eaeea- eeai ec ieo auee
iaienaiu eai- eeai aua, e?iia naiiai Oeeeaieioa?a.”

Ii iiaieth Oeia Aoaea, iiyaeaiea aeieoiaioia “Iaaeanoee-12”-
i?aaieciaaiiay ooa/ea eioi?iaoeee.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iioaeeeiaai eeoue nai e?aoeee aeieeaae ia iia?aoeee
“Iaaeanoee-12”. Aei neo ii? ia iioaeeeiaaiu i?eeiaeaiey B, C, D, E, F,
G, H. Niaeaaeaeueoeaie ieaiee n iieiie eioi?iaoeeae i aeieeaaea
yaeythony Aeeueyi Io?, Aeaeaein Naiaea?, Naioii O?eaeiai.

Ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue eioi?iaoeey iioaeeeiaaia eeoue n 8 eaae?ia
ieaiee. Yoi aucuaaao na?ueaciia iaaeioiaiea e aeaao iniiaaiea
niiiaaaoueny a enoeiiinoe naiie ieaiee, aaaeue i?ioei oaea 13 eao n oiai
iiiaioa eae ieaiea auea iiaea?ioaia. Nouanoaoao i?aaeei: anee au oioeoa
aea?aeaoue eaeoth eeai aauue a oaeia io ae?oaeo (iai?eia? IEI) iiaeii
?ani?ino?aieoue eioi?iaoeeth i iaoiaeaeaiee o aan eaeie-eeai aaue,
eioi?ay aoaeao eioa?ania iauanoao e a oiaea a?aiy ia eiathuay ii/oe
ie/aai iauaai n oai, /oi o aan eiaaony ia naiii aeaea, e i?e yoii
ioeoeeaeueii ioeacuaaoueny io yoie eioi?iaoeee. Iauanoai i?eiaony
caeioa?aniaaii ianoaeaeaoue aaoo aeaceioi?iaoeeth, a au niiaeaoa
niaa?oaiii niieieii enneaaeiaaoue aao iauaeo.

Nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai naeaeaoaeuenoa iaia?oaeaiey IEI, eiiieaiaoyi,
niaaeiuo ethaeae, Ianne e o.i. a ?aciia a?aiy (io iiyaeaiey /aeiaaea ia
Caiea aei iaoeo aeiae) e ia anae oa??eoi?ee iaoae ieaiaou (e ia oieueei,
einiiiaaou oiaea aeaeaee IEI). Iaeiaei ia neaaeoao caauaaoue, /oi aeaaea
nai oa?iei IEI iaicia/aao “Iaiiiciaiiue Eaoathuae Iauaeo”, a ia
“einie/aneee ei?aaeue eiiieaiaoyi”. Aieaa 90% anao IEI iiaeii iauynieoue
?acee/iuie ANOANOAAIIUIE aoiinoa?iuie i?ioeannaie eee yoi caiiua
aiia?aou (iai?eia? iaoaiaaeeii) a iaiau/iii inaauaiee. Ii aeaaea
inoaaoeany 10% ia iaycaoaeueii neaaeoao iauyniyoue eiiieaiaoyiaie, oioy
nianai ioa?anuaaoue yoo aa?neth oiaea ia noieo. Aiiaua nouanoaoao
oi?ioaa i?aaeei: ia iaaei ?aoaoue iaeio caaea/e i?eaeoiuaay ae?oaoth.

Ii iiaieth iaeioi?uo ethaeae eiiieaiaoyia iinauaee iaoo Caieth ?aiueoa e
anooiaee a aeoeaiua eiioaeou n ethaeueie. A ea/anoaa aeieacaoaeuenoa
i?eaiaeyony ?acee/iua ae?aaiea oaenou, iniaaiii ethayo i?eaiaeeoue
Aeaeeth. Aeaenoaeoaeueii a yoeo oaenoao iiaeii au/eoaoue, /oi Caiea
iinauaee eiiieaiaoyia a neaoaiae?ao, eaoaee ia ?aeaoao, no?aeyee ec
eaca?ia, ono?aeaaee yaea?iua ac?uau e o.ae. e o.i. Iiaeao yoi
aeaenoaeoaeueii oae, ii…

Ciaaoa eae aue ecia?aoai oaeaoii? Aai ecia?aoaoaeue aue a?a/ii, e eiaaea
ii /eoae eieao ii naiae niaoeeaeueiinoe, oi ec-ca ieioiai ciaiey ycuea
ia eioi?ii auea iaienaia eieaa ii au/eoae, /oi aaoi?o eieae oaeaeinue
aeey ea/aiey aieueiuo io aeooiou ia?aaeaoue /aeiaa/aneoth ?a/ue ii
i?iaiaeai. Noaia aiia?aoa a eieaa anoanoaaiii ionoonoaiaaea e a?a/ ?aoee
nia?aoue yoio aiia?ao naiinoiyoaeueii…

“I?e auno?aea ec yoiai i?oaeey i?ienoiaeeo neeueiay aniuoea naaoa e
oeaeue ii?aaeaaony ia aieueoii ?annoiyiee”. Aeoiaaoa yoi iienaiea
no?aeueau ec eaca?a eae ooaa?aeaeatho iiiaea enneaaeiaaoaee? A aio e
iao! Yoi iienaiea auno?aea ec ?oaeuey eioi?uie auee aii?oaeaiu eniaioeu,
eiaaea caaiaauaaee Aia?eeo. A naia caienue naeaeaia eiaeaeoeaie, eioi?ua
ia ciaee iaiano?aeueiiai i?oaeey.

Ai a?aiy a?oaieiae/aneeo ?aneiiie auea iaia?oaeaia noaooyoea
ecia?aaeathuay /aeiaaea neaeyuaai a aa?aoaiiia?aciii i?aaeiaoa (eiaeea-
/aei) a ?oeao ii aea?aeae ?uaeio. Yoi auei ecia?aaeaiea ?uaaea ia
?uaaeea n oeiaii. E niaeaeaieth ec-ca iainoi?iaeiiai ia?auaiey ?uaeia
ioeieieanue io noaooyoee, yoi aeaei iniiaaiea oai eoi iaaeaeee noaooyoeo
ia?aiia/aeueii ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi… noaooyoea ecia?aaeaao
eiiieaiaoyieia a iaeiiianoiie ?aeaoa. Eiiaoa?ee eae aeaeii eceeoie.

Iiyoiio ana yoe ooaa?aeaeaiey i eiiieaiaoyiao a ae?aaiinoe iinaoeaoeo
Caieth yaeythony aanueia nii?iuie e o?aaotho ouaoaeueiie i?iaa?ee e
aeaeaoaeueii iai?aaeacyoiai ioiioaiey ni anao noi?ii.

5.Iiene eiiieaiaoiuo oeeaeeecaoeee.

Aeaaaeoa i?ae?aoei ianoaeaeaiea aii?ina i oii anoue ia Caiea
eiiieaiaoyia eee iao, e ianoaeei aii?in eae iiaeii naycaoueny n
eiiieaiaoiuie oeeaeeecaoeeyie iaoiaeyueieny ia ae?oaeo caacaeiuo
nenoaiao.

Ethaay naycue i?aaeiieaaaao iaiai eioi?iaoeeae iin?aaenoaii eaeeo- eeai
iin?aaeieeia. I?e iaiin?aaenoaaiiii eiioaeoa aieaa iaiaa ynii eae
iauaoueny, a aio i?e nayce ia iaeioi?ii oaeaeaiee… Oae iai?eia? eiaaea
iu ?acaiaa?eaaai ii oaeaoiio eioi?iaoeey ia?aaeaaony ca n/ao eciaiyaiiai
cia/aiey yeaeo?e/aneiai iai?yaeaiey ii?aaeaeaiiui ia?acii iaiai?aiiiai
ca?aiaa. Aiaeiae/ii i?ienoiaeeo eiaaea iu neooaai ?aaeei eee niio?ei
oaeaaeci?, oieueei iineoaeai eioi?iaoeee ooo aunooiatho ?aaeeiaieiu.
Oioy ia ia?aue acaeyae ana i?inoi, niye o?oaeo, iaa?ae iiia? e aiai?e,
ii i?e yoii iu caauaaai, /oi nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai oaeaoiiiuo noaioeee,
iia?aoi?ia e o.ae. Any nenoaia nayce auea eai-oi ca?aiaa ?ac?aaioaia,
i?eiyoa ii?aaeaeaiiay nenoaia eiaee?iaaiey neaiaeia, eioi?ay aeieaeia
auoue

iaeeiaeiaa o anao aaiiaioia, eia/a ia aoaeao nayce. Enoaoe a ?aciuo
no?aiao nenoaiu ?acee/iu iiyoiio anee au eoieoa oaeaoiiiue aiia?ao
i?aaeiacia/aiiue aeey ae?oaie no?aiu, oi ii iiaeao e ia ?aaioaoue o ian
e iaiai?io. I?e yoii ia neaaeoao aeoiaoue, /oi eaeay-oi nenoaia nayce
eo/oa, a eaeay-oi ooaea, iie i?inoi ?aciua.

Anee iu iiiuoaainy naycaoueny n aiacaiiuie oeeaeeecaoeeyie iai?eia? ii
?aaeei, oi aeaaea anee iu iano?ieiny ia iaeio aieio, oi iiaeai ia
iiiyoue ae?oa ae?oaa ec-ca ?aciiai oeia iiaeoeyoeee neaiaeia. Aaaeue o
ian iao aiciiaeiinoe ca?aiaa aeiaiai?eoueny i oeia nayce. Aea aua
iaecaanoii ia eaeie aieia iaaei aanoe naycue, eee aiiaua ia ii ?aaeei.
Iiyoiio aicieeaao aeaa iniiaiuo aii?ina: eaeei aoaeao iineoaeue nayce
(?aaeei, naao, einie/aneee ciio…); oei iiaeoeyoeee neaiaea (eiuie
neiaaie niinia ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee). Aiiaua-oi yoe aeaa aii?ina
aeiaieueii oanii naycaiu iaaeaeo niaie, e ia anaaaea eo iiaeii
?anniao?eaaoue ii ioaeaeueiinoe.

Aeey ia/aea ?anniio?ei o?aaeeoeeiiioth ?aaeeinaycue. Aeey yoiai
iio?aaoaony aieueoay iiuiinoue ?aaeeiia?aaeao/eea. Aieueoea
?aaeeioaeaneiiu nouanoaothuea ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue iicaieytho
iinueaoue iai?aaeaiiue neaiae oaeie iiuiinoe, /oi ia anee ia
aeeceaaeaeoeo caacaeao eiaaony oaoie/anee ?acaeoay oeeaeeecaoeey, oi iia
niiaeao i?eiyoue yoe neaiaeu e ?aniiciaoue eo eneonnoaaiiia
i?ienoiaeaeaiea. Eoae ia?aaeao/ee iiaeoiaeyuae iiuiinoe a?iaea eiaaony.
Eaeia-aea aeieaeai auoue neaiae? Aeaeeii ia?aue neaiae aeieaeai auoue
oaeie, /oiau eiiieaiaoiay oeeaeeecaoeey i?e iieo/aiee yoiai neaiaea
iaeiicia/ii iiaea ii?aaeaeeoue aai eneonnoaaiiia i?ienoiaeaeaiea. I?e
yoii iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau yoio neaiae aiiaua aue iaia?oaeai, oi anoue ii
aeieaeai iaeaaeaoue eaeei-eeai ea/anoaii, eioi?ia canoaaeo ia?aoeoue ia
iaai aieiaiea. Iai?eia? iiaeii eniieueciaaoue

ia?eiaee/aneee neaiae, oi anoue eaeia-oi a?aiy aaaeaony eceo/aiea
i?inoiai iaiiaeoee?iaaiiiai neaiaea ia aua?aiiie /anoioa, caoai ia?a?ua,
iioii iiyoue eceo/aiea e o.ae.

Aeey oiai, /oiau naycue auea onoaiiaeaia iaiaoiaeeii ai-ia?auo: /oiau
o?iaaiue ?acaeoey aiacaiiie oeeaeeecaoeee aue ia ieaea iaoaai;
ai-aoi?uo: /oiau ai a?aiy i?eoiaea neaiaea eiiieaiaoyia inouanoaeyee
?aaeei i?ineooeaaiea iaoae nieia/iie nenoaiu, aea aua ia oie /anoioa ia
eioi?ie iu aaaeai ia?aaea/o; a-o?aoueeo iaaiciiaeii aanoe aeeeoaeueioth
ia?aaea/o neaiaeia, oae eae ec-ca aunieie iiuiinoe ia?aaeao/eea yoi
iianii aeey ie?oaeathueo e o?aaoao aieueoeo yia?aicao?ao, a
neaaeiaaoaeueii e aieueoeo oeiainiauo aeiaeaiee; a-/aoaa?ouo: aaniethoii
iaiiiyoii a iai?aaeaiee ia eaeoth caacaeo iaaei inouanoaeyoue ia?aaea/o,
a aaaeaiea ia?aaea/e iaeiia?aiaiii ii ianeieueeei iai?aaeaieyi iiea
oaoie/anee iaaiciiaeii (ec-ca iaaeinoaoi/iie iiuiinoe ia?aaeao/eea).

I?e yoii neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi aeeeoaeueiinoue aeaaea naiiai
ei?ioeiai neaiaea aeieaeia auoue ia iaiaa ianeieueeeo /ania, eia/a naia
iiiuoea ia eiaao niunea. Yoi naycaii n iniaaiiinoueth iaia?oaeaiey e
i?eaia neaiaea ia aieueoeo ?annoiyieyo a oneiaeyo neeueiuo iiiao. Iiiaoe
aeey ?aaeeinayce e ia oieueei iaoneiaeaiu ai-ia?auo: iiuiui eceo/aieai
iaoaai nieioea; a ai-aoi?uo: yeaeo?i- iaaieoiuie iieyie a iaaecaacaeiii
i?ino?ainoaa.

Aaeiaaaie aaniethoii iaecaanoii ia eaeie aieia ioaeii aanoe ia?aaea/o,
/oiau aa iaaa?iyea iiaeii auei iaia?oaeeoue. Oaoie/anee iaeaieaa
i?eaieaia iaeia /anoioa, a eiae/anee anoue niune eniieueciaaoue ae?oaea
/anoiou (iai?eia? /anoioo niaeo?a aiaei?iaea 21ni), iaeiaei yoe /anoiou
iai?eaieaiu i?aeoe/anee. Anee aanoe ia?aaea/o a oe?ieie iieina /anoio,
oi yoi iio?aaoao aieueoeo yia?aicao?ao.

Iiyoiio iai iiea inoaaony oieueei aanoe ?aaeei i?ineooeaaiea, a
iaaeaaeaea iaia?oaeeoue neaiae io ae?oaeo oeeaeeecaoeee. Neaaeoao
ioiaoeoue, /oi iiaeiaiua yenia?eiaiou ii ?aaeei i?ineooeaaieth
noaaeeenue oaea 30 eao iacaae e iiea ia oaai/aeenue oniaoii.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi eiathony ?acee/iua oai?ee i iiiuoeao
onoaiiaeaiey aeaeueiae nayce. Anee i?eneooeaaoueny e yoei oai?eyi, oi
ianeieueei iaiau/iua eceo/aiey iaeioi?uo caacae iiaeii iauynieoue eae
iiiuoeo onoaiiaeaiey aeaeueiae nayce. Ii iiaeii yoe iaiau/iinoe
iauynieoue e aiieia anoanoaaiiuie i?e/eiaie. Iai?eia? ia?eiaee/iinoe a
eceo/aiee caacae eee iaee/ea a niaeo?a eceo/aiey niaeo?ia ?aaeeeo
iaoa?eaeia. A /anoiinoe enoi/iee ?aaeeieceo/aiey NOA-102 yaeyaony
ia?aiaiiui ai a?aiaie n ia?eiaeii i?eia?ii iieaiaea aaeiaaaie aai niaeo?
eceo/aiey e niaeo? eceo/aiey enoi/ieea NOA-21 iioiaee ia niaeo?u,
eioi?ua ii iiaieth I.N.Ea?aeaoaaa, aeieaeai iaeaaeaoue einie/aneee
neaiae eneonnoaaiiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey. Iaeiaei aiineaaenoaee yoe
enoi/ieee auee i?eienaiu e eaaca?ai, /oi iauynieei eo “iaii?iaeueiia”
eceo/aiea anoanoaaiiuie i?e/eiaie.

Ea?aeuoaa i?aaeeaaaao ?acaeaeeoue ana oeeaeeecaoeee ia o?e oeia ii
eiee/anoao yia?aee iio?aaeyaiiai oeeaeeecaoeeae:

19

I oeia- ii?yaeea 4*10 y?a/nae (nia?aiaiiay caiiay oeeaeeecaoeey).

33

II oeia- ii?yaeea 4*10 y?a/nae (“nieia/iay” oeeaeeecaoeey, oi anoue
oeeaeeecaoeey iieuecothuayny anae yia?aeae naiaai nieioea).

44

III oeia- ii?yaeea 4*10 y?a/nae (“aaeaeoe/aneay” oeeaeeecaoeey, oi anoue
oeeaeeecaoeey eniieuecothuay yia?aeth naiae aaeaeoeee).

Ii iunee Ea?aeaoaaa neaaeoao caieiaoueny iieneii oeeaeeecaoeee III oeia,
oae eae eo i?iua anaai iaia?oaeeoue. A ea/anoaa iaeaieaa aa?iyoiuo
i?aoaiaeaioia ia oaeea oeeaeeecaoeee ii oeacuaaao ia ?aaeeiaaeaeoeee.
I?e yoii e?eoa?eyie eneonnoaaiiinoe ?aaeeineaiaeia iiaoo neoaeeoue:

1.Niaoeeoe/aneee niaeo? ?aaeeieceo/aiey.

2.I/aiue iaeaiueeea oaeiaua ?acia?u.

3.Aiciiaeiay iiey?ecaoeey ii e?oao, eioi?ay aini?eiyaenoaoao eneaaeaieth
eioi?iaoeee aeaaiaea?y a?auaieth ieineinoe iiey?ecaoeee a iaaecaacaeiie
n?aaea.

4.Ia?aiaiiinoue ai a?aiaie.

5.Iaeioi?ua a?inathueany a aeaca iniaaiiinoe a niaeo?a, iai?eia? “au?ac”
i?yiioaieueiie iieinu ieiei aeeeiiu aieiu 21 ni.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ana iienee neaiaeia io aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee
i?aaeiieaaaee iiene oeeaeeecaoeee I oeia, i/aiue ?aaeei II oeia. Iieneii
oeeaeeecaoeee III oeia iiea ieeoi ana?ueac ia caieiaeny, oioy oaea
aeaaii auei naeaeaii oi?ioi a?aoiaioe?iaaiiia i?aaeneacaiea, /oi ana yoe
iiiuoee ia?a/aiu ia iaoaea/o. Aeaenoaeoaeueii, ia

-17

naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue auei i?iecaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea oieueei 10 anao
aiciiaeiinoae ii i?ino?ainoao, iiuiinoe, /anoioa, oaca ?aaeeineaiaeia. A
neieueei aua aiciiaeii ae?oaeo oeiia nayce e?iia ?aaeei?

Ae?oaie niinia nayce yoi eniieueciaaiea naa?oiiuiuo eaca?ia. Ooo
o?oaeiinoae aua aieueoa: oaeie neaiae o?oaeiaa iaia?oaeeoue ia oiia
eceo/aiey caacaeu; iaiaoiaeeii oi/iay iai?aaeaiiinoue aeaaea ia ia
caacaeo, a ia ieaiaoo (!), a aaaeue aua ia oaeaeinue iaia?oaeeoue ia
iaeiie ieaiaou a ae?oaeo nieia/iuo nenoaiao (ii oaoie/aneei i?e/eiai);
iaiaoiaeeia onoaiiaea eaca?ia ca i?aaeaeaie aoiinoa?u; o?aaothony auniei
iiuiua enoi/ieee eceo/aiey. Oaoie/anee yoio niinia ia naaiaeiyoiee
aeaiue aua iaiaa i?eaieai, /ai ?aaeeinaycue.

Aua iaeia eaeay- eniieueciaaoue a ea/anoaa ia?aaeao/eea iaoa Nieioea.
Iai?eia? na?ineoue ia Nieioea iiiaea ieeeeiiu oiii eaeiai- eeai ?aaeeiai
aauanoaa ai?aiea eioi?iai eciaieo niaeo? Nieioea. Eee iino?ieoue aie?oa
Nieioea nieioioth noa?o ec aauanoaa n ia?aiaiiie i?ic?a/iinoueth. Iaiyy
i?ic?a/iinoue iiaeii eciaieoue iiuiinoue e niaeo? eceo/aiey a
iaaecaacaeiia i?ino?ainoai. Oaeei ia?acii iiaeii aeaaea aanoe
eiaee?iaaiioth ia?aaea/o eioi?iaoeee. Ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue yoe eaeae
i?aeoe/anee iaauiieieiu, ii o ieo anoue i/aiue eioa?aniay iniaaiiinoue-
ia?aaea/a eioi?iaoeee aoaeao i?ienoiaeeoue n?aco ii anai iai?aaeaieyi e
ia aeiaieueii aieueoia ?annoiyiea. Enoaoe niaeo?u eceo/aiey iaeioi?uo
caacae niaiaaeaao n niaeo?aie eioi?ue eiaei au iaoa Nieioea i?e
?aaeecaoeee yoeo eaeae.

Ae?oaay eaeay- yoi iauaiea i?e iiiiue einie/aneeo ciiaeia. Caiouaiiue n
Caiee oaeie ciiae nionoy ianeieueei aeanyoeia eee nioai eao niiniaai
aeinoeaiooue aeeceeaeaeoeo caacae, oai ii aeieaeai aueoe ia iinoiyiioth
i?aeoo aie?oa caacaeu e i?ieioi?ie?iaaoue i naiai i?enoonoaee: iai?eia?
iiaea/ae ?aaeeineaiaeia, eee ii aieaa neiaeiie i?ia?aiia. Ciiae aaaeao
?aaeei i?ineooeaaiea ieaiao (anee eiia/ii ii niiaeao eo iaia?oaeeoue), e
ana i?eiyoua ?aaeeineaiaeu (e?iia iiiao e yaii anoanoaaiiiai
i?ienoiaeaeaiey) ionueaao ia?aoii ia ieaiaoo. Oaeei ia?acii ia ieaiaoa
i?e ?aaeeinayce aoaeao iaaethaeaoueny yaeaiea yoa, /oi neaiaeece?oao
aeeoaeyi ieaiaou i iaoiaeaeaiee a eo nenoaia eiiieaiaoiiai iauaeoa
eneonnoaaiiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey. Aiineaaenoaee ciiae eeai nai ia?aaeano
eioi?iaoeeth ia ieaiaoo i oii ioeoaea ii i?eeaoae e i caieyiao, eeai
eiiieaiaoyia naie aeinoeaioo yoi ciiaea ia naieo einie/aneeo ei?aaeyo e
iieo/ao eioi?iaoeeth i iaoae Nieia/iie nenoaia.

Neaaeoao caiaoeoue, /oi ana einie/aneea aiia?aou caiouaiiua n Caiee
eiatho ia naiai ai?oo eioi?iaoeeth i iaoae nieia/iie nenoaia e aeeoaeyo
Caiee. Enoaoe eiiaaea i?e aeaeueiae ?aaeeinayce ia Caiea iaaethaeaaony
yooaeo yoa, enoi/iee e i?e/eiu eioi?iai iiea iayniu.

Aeaaaeoa ?anniio?ei eaeoth eioi?iaoeeth iiaeii iieo/eoue ec neaiaea
iieo/aiiiio iaie io eiiieaiaoiie oeeaeeecaoeee.

Naeaeaa i?aaeiieiaeaiea, /oi enoi/iee neaiaea iaoiaeeony ia iiaa?oiinoe
ieaiaou iiaeii ociaoue aeiaieueii iiiai i naiie ieaiaoa. Oae eae neaiae
aoaeao eiaoue aeaa ia?eiaee/anee iaiythueony aeiiea?iauo niauaiey: ca
n/ao a?auaiey ieaiaou aie?oa nieioea e naiae ine. Au/eneea yoi niauaiea
e aai ia?eiae iiaeii ?ann/eoaoue i?aeoo ieaiaou, aa aeeaiao?, ianno,
ia?eiaeu a?auaiey e ana yoi iiaeii iieo/eoue ec i?inoiai
iaiiaeoee?iaaiiiai neaiaea.

Iaeaieaa eioi?iaoeaia ia?aaea/a eioi?iaoeee a aeaea ecia?aaeaiey.
Aeiaieueii ianeiaeii ia?aaeaaaoue noaoenoe/aneea ecia?aaeaiey
iieuecothnue i?inoaeoae iiaeoeyoeeae neaiaea iienaiiie auoa. Ea?oeiea
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie eaae? /a?ii- aaeiai oaeaaeceiiiiai neaiaea a eioi?ii
eiee/anoai no?ie e noieaoeia ?aaii eaeiio eeai iaoo?aeueiiio /eneo.
Eniieuecoaony oieueei aeaa oeaaoa: aaeue e /a?iue aac iieooiiia. Ia
neaaeoao aeoiaoue, /oi oaeie eaae? ianao a naaa i/aiue iaei eioi?iaoeee,
i?aaeeueii ninoaaeaiiue ii iiaeao niaea?aeaoue ia?iiiia eiee/anoai
eioi?iaoeee i caacaeiie nenoaia ioi?aaeoaey e aeeoaeyo ieaiao. Oi?ioee
i?eia? oaeiai eaae?a i?eaiaeeony a eieaa E.N.Oeeianeiai “Anaeaiiay,
aeeciue, ?acoi”.

6.Caeeth/aiea.

Ana iiiuoee onoaiiaeoue naycue n aiacaiiuie oeeaeeecaoeeyie eee oioy- au
onoaiiaeoue nai oaeo eo nouanoaiaaiey ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue iioa?iaee
iaoaea/o. Iaeiaei yoi ia aeaao iniiaaiee n/eoaoue, /oi aiacaiiuo
oeeaeeecaoeee iao. Aeaeeii anoue niune aanoe aeaeueiaeoea iienee aieaa
?aaoey?ii e ii ae?oaie iaoiaeeee. Ii aeaaea anee e yoe iiiuoee iioa?iyo
iaoaea/o, yoi aua ia/aai ia aoaeao icia/aoue. Aiieia aiciiaeii, /oi
aiacaiiua oeeaeeecaoeee ano?a/athony aeinoaoi/ii ?aaeei, iai?eia?
oieueei iaeia- aeaa oeeaeeecaoeee a aaeaeoeea. Ai?i/ai aiieia aiciiaeii,
/oi iaoa oeeaeeecaoeey aeaenoaeoaeueii aaeeinoaaiiay.

7.Iaci? eeoa?aoo?u.

1. I.Aeueoeei, I.Eaaaaeaa “Nia?oue ieeioia IEI”. A yoie eieaa a
iiioey?iie oi?ia ?anniio?aiu ?acee/iua niiauaiey ia IEI e aeaaony eo
aiciiaeiia o?aeoiaaiea. Oaeaea i?eaaaeaiu e?aoeea io/aou eeoaia ooieiaia
i iiiuoeao onoaiiaeaiey nayce n eiiieaiaoyiaie i?e iiiiue
iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo iaoiaeia, oaeeo eae oaeaiaoey e aeiiiey. Eieaa iaienaia
ethaeueie eioi?ua aa?yo a nouanoaiaaiea eiiieaiaoyi e n/eoatho, /oi ana
IEI yoi einie/aneea ei?aaee. Yoi iao/ii- iiioey?iia i?iecaaaeaiea,
eioi?ia iiaeii eniieueciaaoue aeey ia?ae/iiai, iiaa?oiinoiiai
iciaeiieaiey n i?iaeaiie aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee, iaeiaei aeey iao/iie
?aaiou iia iaei i?eaiaeia.

2. A.?oaoeia, A.O?noe “I?iaeaia aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee”. Eieaa yaeyaony
na?ueaciie iao/iie ?aaioie iinayuaiiie aiaeeco i?iaeai aiacaiiuo
oeeaeeecaoeee n oi/ee c?aiey nia?aiaiiie o?aaeeoeeiiiie iaoee. Iaoa?eaea
eceiaeai a nenoaiaoe/aneie oi?ia e eiae/aneie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe.
Eieaa ?ann/eoaia ia ethaeae na?ueacii caieiathueony i?iaeaiaie aiacaiiuo
oeeaeeecaoeee e o?aaoao io /eoaoaey na?ueaciie iiaeaioiaee. E
niaeaeaieth aieueoeinoai ?aaio eiino?aiiuo o/aiuo i?aaenoaaeaiu a ?acei
e?eoe/aneie oi?ia, aaoi?u n/eoatho ana aeiioacu ioee/iua io naiae
caaaaeiii iaaa?iuie, eee aeaaea aioeiao/iuie.

3. E.*oeeia “Caacaeiua nuiu”. Eieaa a iiioey?iie oi?ia n nnueeie ia
?aaeueiua oaeou iiaanoaoao i no?aiiuo niauoeyo ia Caiea, eioi?ua aiieia
iiaeii iauynieoue aiaoaoaeuenoaii eiiieaiaoiuo oeeaeeecaoeee a iaoo
aeeciue. Eieaa ?ann/eoaia ia oe?ieee e?oa /eoaoaeae, a oii /enea
aaniethoii iaciaeiiuo n i?iaeaiie. Aieueoia eiee/anoai eeethno?aoeee e
i?inoioa eceiaeaiey aeaeaao aa i/aiue oaeiaiie a ?aaioa.

4. E.Oeeianeee “Anaeaiiay, aeeciue, ?acoi”. Eieaa nio?aiyy iao/ioth
no?iainoue a iiioey?iie oi?ia ?anneacuaaao i i?iaeaiao aiacaiiuo
oeeaeeecaoeee e niiniaao eo ?aoaiee n oi/ee c?aiey o?aaeeoeeiiiie iaoee,
oioy ia anaaaea eeanne/aneeie iaoiaeaie. Eieaa o?aaoao ieieiaeueiie
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie iiaeaioiaee ni noi?iiu /eoaoaey e i/aiue eaaea e
iiieiaieth. ?anniio?aiu iiiaeanoai ?acee/iuo oai?ee, i?e/ai ia iaeiie ec
ieo ia ioaeaaony i?aaeii/oaiea, ana ?anniio?aiu iaeeiaeiai aanno?anoii.

5. E.O.O?ieia “Ia?niaeoeau /aeiaaea”. Eieaa ?anneacuaaao i nia?aiaiiie
oeeinioneie oi/ea c?aiey ia /aeiaaea ?acoiiiai eae iineoaey ?acoia.
Aeaaony iainiiaaiea aicieeiiaaieth ?acoia e ?anniao?eaathony
aiciiaeiinoe /aeiaaea a nioeeaeueiii ieaia a aeeaeaeoai e aeaeaeii
aoaeouai. Ioeaieaaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue e oeaeaniia?aciinoue
nouanoaiaaiey /aeiaaea a nioeeaeueiii ieaia. I?e iaienaiee eieae aaoi?
iniiauaaeny ia iaoa?eaeenoe/aneii o/aiee, a /anoiinoe ia o/aiee Ia?ena,
e ia ?anniao?eaaao ae?oaea o/aiey. Ana i?eaiaeeiua ooaa?aeaeaiey
iiaee?aieaiu oi?ioi a?aoiaioe?iaaiiuie aeieacaoaeuenoaaie. Aaoi?
noa?aaony ii ia?a aiciiaeiinoe i?eaiaeeoue ia oieueei ieii/aoaeueiua
auaiaeu, ii oeaiue naieo ?annoaeaeaiee. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue aieueoia
iao/iia cia/aiea yoie eieae.

6. I.I.Aeoaeiei “*oi oaeia /aeiaae”. Eieaa iiaanoaoao i i?ienoiaeaeaiee
/aeiaaea e aicieeiiaaiea o iaai ?acoia, aeaaony n?aaiaiea /aeiaaea n
?acee/iuie aeeaioiuie. A iniiaiii /aeiaae ?anniao?eaaaony eae
aeieiae/aneee iauaeo n aaiaoe/aneie oi/ee c?aiey. Iaeiaei aaoi?
iiieiaao, /oi ?acoi eiaao iaaeieiae/aneee oa?aeoa?, e iiyoiio iniiaiie
oaiie eieae yaeyaony ?ane?uoea aeieiae/anee aniaeoia naeaeaaoeo
aiciiaeiui aicieeiiaaiea ?acoia o /aeiaaea. Eiay no?iaoth iao/ioth oi?io
eieaa iaienaia a iiioey?iie oi?ia e aiaaoi eeethno?e?iaaia noaiaie e
?enoieaie.

8.I?eeiaeaiea 1.

“Iaeiaaeaeu y ni?inee o iaai, ii/aio ii i?e iia oae i?aiaa?aaeeoaeueii
aiai?eo ni naiae o/eoaeueieoeae. “Iia a?aea, iaia, /oi ethaeo aeaoae.
Iia ieeiai ia ethaeo. E?iia oiai, iia ia i?aaenoaaeyao ieeaeie
/aeiaa/aneie oeaiiinoe”. “Ii/aio, nuiie, iia ia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
oeaiiinoe?” “ss aa ia oaaaeath. Iia ia oai?aoe, ia oai?/aneay
ee/iinoue”. “Eiai aea ou n/eoaaoue oai?/aneeie ee/iinoyie?” “Ec oao,
eiai y aeaeae, iaia, y n/eoath oai?oeaie

noiey?ia, yeaeo?eeia, ii?oiuo, ia?eeiaoa?ia, a?oeoaeoi?ia- anao, eoi
?aaioaao ia ii oaaeiio, a n auaeoieie”. “A eae aea eiaeaia?u,
ooaeiaeieee, neoeueioi?u, yeiiiienou eee, neaaeai ieaiiaeee?”
“Ooaeiaeieee e neoeueioi?u eiie?otho iiaeaeue, i?e?iaeo, ia aiiny ie/aai
naiaai. Iie eiiaaea eneaaeatho oeaao eee oi?io, ii yoi iaeii ec
i?iyaeaiee /aeiaa/aneie iaoi/iinoe, anee ia niaeoeyoeey. Eiaeaia?u aea,
ieaiiaeee, yeiiiienou i?inoua ?an/ao/eee, iia?e?othuea aeanyoeii
ecaanoiuo a eo ?aianea oi?ioe”.”

9.I?eeiaeaiea 2.

“Ia/iai n o?aaiaioia ?acaiai?a A?ino?iiaa e Ieae?eia, ninoiyuaainy a
eaaeia iinaaei/iiai aeiea, eioi?ue oaea ioioae io ei?aaey e niaa?oee
iinaaeeo ia Eoio. A ei?aaea inoaeny Eieeeic.

“Yoi Ii?a Iieiy,- aiai?eo A?ino?iia.- Iu iaoiaeeiny ia oa??eoi?ee Ii?y
Iieiy”.

“Ouethnoii: Ii?th Iieiy,- ia?aoeeenue n Caiee,- ii iaoei eiio?ieueiui
aeaiiui ana aaoe nenoaiu ?aaioatho i?aaeeueii”.

Aeaeeiinoue oeo/oaaony. Aeeaeia noaiiaeoueny ana aieaa eioa?aniui.
A?ino?iia, ia aueacay ec eaaeiu, iienuaaao oi, /oi aeaeeo: “Aie?oa aeaeo
iiiai iaaieueoeo e?aoa?ia”.

E aae?oa ii nai naay i?a?uaaao, eae au iiae aeeyieai aiacaiiiai
iio?ynaiey. *oi-oi i?eaeaeei aai aieiaiea. Einoeieoeaii iiieaeay aiein,
A?ino?iia i?iaeieaeaao: “Iie aeeaiao?ii io 6 aei 15 iao?ia…”. Ii ia
ia?anoaao aiai?eoue ae?iaeauei aieinii: “E… ia ?annoiyiee ieiei
iieieee io ian aeaeiu neaaeu, eioi?ua iioiaee ia inoaaeaiiua oaieii…”.

“A?ino?iia,- ieooo Aa?aea? e Aaeea,- yoi i/aiue iiuoiue iaaethaeaoaeue,
e ii ia iia ioeaeoueny a ioeaiea oiai, /oi ii oaeaeae. N ae?oaie
noi?iiu, iiiyoii, /oi ano?iiaaou iieo/eee i/aiue oi/iua eino?oeoeee,
eanathueany oiai, i /ai iiaeii aiai?eoue ai anaoneuoaiea. A nayce n yoei
A?ino?iia iia aeey ne?uoie ia?aaea/e naieo iaaethaeaiee ia?aeoe ia
ae?oaoth aieio, ia ecaanoioth ie ?aaeeiethaeoaeyi, ie iauanoaaiiinoe, e
eioi?ay iicaea auea

eniieueciaaia a aeeeoaeueiii eioa?aaea a?aiaie, /oi IANA anaaaea
iauyaeyea eae “ia?a?ua a ia?aaea/a”. Ii a aeaiiii neo/aa ia?a?ua i?eaeae
au aieiaiea anao, eoi neooae ia?aaea/o”.

“Ii ooo ?acaiai? ia/eiaao aanoe aoi?ie ano?iiaao, Ieae?ei, eioi?ue oaea
iieuecoaony oneiaiui eiaeii:

“Anoue iaei “oeaaoa” (?), ii iaeioi?ua eaiaiiua aeiee iiaoo aai
nicaeaaaoue “aioo?e” (?). Iiniio?ei”.

A Ouethnoiia iiieiatho, /oi yoi icia/aao. *a?ac eaeia-oi a?aiy iiyoue
aiai?eo A?ino?iia: “Ionoue einie/aneay aaca (o.a. ei?aaeue “Aiieeii” n
Eieeeicii) aoaeao ia anyeee neo/ae aioiaa…”.

Yoi ana auei ia?aae auoiaeii A?inoi?iaa ia Eoio. Aua ia ia/aeenue
enneaaeiaaoaeueneay ?aaioa ia iiaa?oiinoe Eoiu, a oaea Eieeeic aeieaeai
i?eiyoue ano?iiaaoia ia?aoii!”

“…A?ino?iia e Ieae?ei iieo/eee au i?eeac aa?iooueny, anee au oi, /oi
Ieae?ei ii?aaeaeee eae “oeaao”, noaei aeaeii y?/a. Neaaeu oaiea
aaniieieee eae yeeiaae iinaaei/iiai iiaeoey, oae e Ouethnoii. Oieueei
/a?ac iyoue /ania A?inoi?iao e Ieae?eio auei ?ac?aoaii aueoe ec
iinaaei/iiai aeiea”.

…Aei neooaoaeae ia Caiea aeioee caoee, iioiaeea ia naeno eieiiioeaa, a
iicaea- ia ?aaioo yeaeo?e/aneie ieeu. Yoi auei neuoii oae /aoei, /oi
noaei aaniieieoue iia?aoi?a IANA e ieeeeiiu ethaeae oneuoaee aii?in,
a?ioaiiue a yoe?: “Au oaa?aiu a oii, /oi au “naycaeenue ia n iaie?”.

Iaeii auei ecaanoii: caoee i?eoee ia n einie/aneiai ei?aaey. Ano?iiaaou
iniio?aee naie ia?aaeao/ee e iaia?oaeeee, /oi ana a ii?yaeea”.

“…Iaiaei aia?eeaineeo ?aaeeiethaeoaeae ia?aoaaoeee no?aiiua caia/aiey
ano?iiaaoia, i?aaeiacia/aiiua oieueei aeey Ouethnoiia. Ia iaaei
aeiaaaeyoue, /oi yoe caia/aiey auee aua?ioaiu ec ioeoeeaeueiie ia?aaea/e
i iinaaeea ia Eoio.

Aiai?eo A?ino?iia: “*oi yoi? A /ai, /a?o aicueie, aeaei? ss oioae au
ciaoue i?aaaeo, /oi yoi oaeia?!”

Ianooiee iiiaio caiaoaoaeuenoaa, iinea eioi?iai noae aiai?eoue iia?aoi?
IANA: “*oi i?ienoiaeeo? *oi-ieaoaeue ia a ii?yaeea? (Caeanue ianeieueei
neia ia oaeaeinue ia?aoaaoeoue.) Ouethnoii aucuaaao “Aiieeiia-11″!”.

Ioaao A?in?iiaa: “Caeanue iaoiaeyony aieueoea iauaeou, ny?! Ia?iiiua! I,
aiaea! Caeanue iaoiaeyony ae?oaea einie/aneea ei?aaee! Iie noiyo n
ae?oaie noi?iiu e?aoa?a! Iaoiaeyony ia Eoia e iaaethaeatho ca iaie!”.

10.I?eeiaeaiea 3.

IAEAUNOAss NAE?AOIINOUe

AAC I?AAA EIIE?IAAIEss

AAEUE AeII

AAOEIAOII 24 naioya?y 1947 a.

IAIssOIAss CAIENEA IEIENO?O IAI?IIU

Oaaaeaaiue Ieieno? Oi??anoie!

Enoiaey ec iaoae iaaeaaiae aanaaeu, Au oiieiiii/aiu eniieueciaaoue ana
ia?u aeey auno?iai e aieiaoaeueiiai ?aoaiey aaoae caaea/e.

A aeaeueiaeoai yoio i?aaeiao ianoaeaeaiey aeieaeai oeao?e?iaaoue oieueei
eae Iia?aoeey Iaaeanoee Aeaaiaaeoeaoue.

Iia i?aaenoaaeyany, /oi a aeaeueiaeoai eiio?ieue ca yoei i?aaeiaoii
aeieaeai auoue i?aaeinoaaeai oieueei Eaioeaey?ee I?aceaeaioa n
iineaaeothuei ianoaeaeaieai n Aaie, aeieoi?ii Aooai e Aee?aeoi?ii
Oeaio?aeueiiai ?acaaaeuaaoaeueiiai Oi?aaeaiey.

AA??E O?OIYI (ee/iay iiaeienue)

11.I?eeiaeaiea 4.

IAEAUNOAss NAE?AEOIINOUe.IAAEANOEE.

AAC I?AAA EIIE?IAAIEss

Iciaeiieoaeueiue aeieoiaio: “Iia?aoeey Iaaeanoee-12” iiaeaioiaeai aeey
aiiaue eca?aiiiai I?aceaeaioa Aeoaeoa Yecaioaoy?a 18 iiya?y 1952 a.

I?AAeOI?AAEAeAIEA: yoi aeieoiaio iaeaunoae nae?aoiinoe aac i?aaa
eiie?iaaiey, eioi?ue niaea?aeeo cae?uooth eioi?iaoeeth, eiathuoth
ia?ainoaiaiiia cia/aiea aeey aaciianiinoe Niaaeeiaiiuo Ooaoia. Aeinooi e
iaoa?eaeo no?iai ia?aie/ai ia o?iaia a?oiiu Iaaeanoee-12. Eiie?iaaiea a
ethauo oi?iao, eiiniaeoe?iaaiea e ae?oaea caiene cai?auaiu.

NIAeA?AEAIEA: IIA?AOeEss IAAEANOEE-12. ICIAEIIEOAEUeIUE AeIEOIAIO AeEss
AIIAUe ECA?AIIIAI I?ACEAeAIOA YECAIOAOY?A. AeIEOIAIO IIAeAIOIAEAI 18
IIssA?ss 1952 a. ENIIEIEOAEUe AeIEOIAIOA: AAeIE?AE ?INEI O.EEEAIEAOOA?
(IAE-1) I?eia/aiea: Yoio aeieoiaio iiaeaioiaeai oieueei eae
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiia niiauaiea. Ii aeieaeai ?anniao?eaaoueny eae aaiaeiue e
aioiayuaiony iieiiio aeieeaaeo.

IIA?AOeEss IAAEANOEE-12 yaeyaony NAA?ONAE?AOIIE enneaaeiaaoaeueneie e
I?aaeoaeuenoaaiii- ?acaaaeuaaoaeueiie aeoeeae, auiieiythuaeny oieueei
aeey I?aceaeaioa Niaaeeiaiiuo Ooaoia e oi?aaeaiea iia?aoeeae
inouanoaeyao A?oiia Iaaeanoee-12 (Iaaeee-12), eioi?ay o/?aaeaeaia
?anii?yaeaieai I?aceaeaioa O?oiyia 24 naioya?y 1947 a ii ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
aeieoi?a Aaiieaa?a Aooa e Ieieno?a Aeaeaeina Oi??anoiea (i?eeiaeaiea A).

*eaiaie a?oiiu Iaaeanoee-12 auee iacia/aiu:

Aaeie?ae ?inei O.Oeeeaieaooa?

Aeieoi? Aeiieaa? Aoo

Ieieno? Aeaeaein Oi??anoie

Aaia?ae Iaeoai O.Oaeieia

Aaia?ae Oieo N.Yiaeaiaa?a

Aeieoi? Aeeoeaa A?iie

Aeieoi? Aeaea?ii Oainaeea?

Ienoa? Neaeiae A.Nio?n

Ienoa? Ai?aeii A?ae

Aeieoi? Aeiiaeueae Iaicae

Aaia?ae ?iaa?o I.Iiioaath

Aeieoi? Eeieae A.Aa?eia?

Aneaaenoaea nia?oe ieieno?a Oi??anoiea 22 iay 1949 a. aai ianoi a a?oiia
aei 1 aaaonoa 1950 a. inoaaaeinue aaeaioiui, a iioii auei caiauaii
Aaia?aeii Aaeueoa?ii A.Nieoii.

24 ethiy 1947 a. a?aaeaeaineee ieeio, eaoaaoee a ?aeiia Eaneaaeiuo ai? a
ooaoa Aaoeiaoii, iaia?oaeee aeaayoue aeeneiiiaeiaiuo aiia?aoia, eaoyueo
a no?ith ia aunieie nei?inoe. Oioy yoi e ia auei ia?aui ecaanoiui
iaaethaeaieai iiaeiaiuo iauaeoia, niauoea noaei ia?aienoi/ieeii aeey
oe?ieie ioaee/iie iaeanee. Iineaaeiaaee nioie niiauaiee i iaaethaeaiee
iiaeiaiuo iauaeoia. Iiiaea ec ieo iinooieee ec aanueia aeinoiaa?iuo
aiaiiuo e a?aaeaeaineeo enoi/ieeia.

Yoe niiauaiey i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iacaaeneii ae?oa io ae?oaa oneeeyie
ianeieueeeo ?acee/iuo iai?aaeaiee a Aii?oaeaiiuo neeao aeey auyaeaiey
i?e?iaeu yoeo iauaeoia n iiceoeee eioa?ania iaoeeiiaeueiie iai?iiu.

Auei ii?ioaii iiiaeanoai naeaeaoaeae e i?aaei?eiyoi ianeieueei
aaconiaoiuo iiiuoie eniieueciaaoue aaeaoeeth aeey i?aneaaeiaaiey aeeneia
a iieaoa. ?aaeoeey ianaeaiey a?aiaiaie a?aie/eea n enoa?eae.

Ianiio?y ia iaeeea oneeee, i?iaeaeaeaiea a eco/aiee nouiinoe yoeo
iauaeoia auei iacia/eoaeueiui aei niiauaiey ianoiiai oa?ia?a, /oi iaeei
iauaeo ?acaeeny a ioaeaeaiiii ?aeiia ooaoa Iueth-Iaeneei,
i?eaeeceoaeueii a naieaeanyoe iyoe ieeyo e naaa?i- caiaaeo io aiaiiie
aacu ?icoyee (iuia Oiea? Oaeae).

07 ethey 1947 a. ia/aeanue nae?aoiay iia?aoeey ii iaia?oaeaieth e
iao/iiio ianeaaeiaaieth iaeiieia yoiai iauaeoa. A i?ioeanna iia?aoeee
iaoae ay?i?acaaaeeie auee oaeaea iaeaeaiu /aou?a iaaieueoeo
/aeiaaeiiiaeiaiuo nouanoaa, eioi?ua ii-aeaeeiiio, eaoaioeueoe?iaaeenue
(aua?ineeenue) ec aiia?aoa ia?aae aai ac?uaii. Iie oiaee ia caieth
i?eia?ii a aeaoo ieeyo e ainoieo io ianoa iaaeaiey aiia?aoa. Ana /aoaa?i
auee ia?oau, eco?iaeiaaiu e iaoiaeeeenue a noaaeee neeueiiai
?aceiaeaiey, o.e. aei eo iaia?oaeaiey ii/oe iaaeaeth auee aeiau/ae
a?ucoiia, aeoeia e iee?ii?aaieciia.

Niaoeeaeueiay iao/iay a?oiia caa?aea yoe oaea aeey eco/aiey

(i?eeiaeaiea N).

Iaeiiee aiia?aoa auee oaeaea acyou aeey eiiieaeniiai eco/aiey
(i?eeiaeaiea A).

N a?aaeaeaineeo e aiaiiuo naeaeaoaeae auea acyoa iiaeienea i
ia?acaeaoaiee, auea ?ani?ino?aiaia aa?ney, i oii, /oi iauaeo ieacaeny
iioa?yaoei oi?aaeaiea aeae?iiaoa?aieiae/aneei enneaaeiaaoaeueneei
aaeeiiii.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueiue nae?aoiue aiaeec, i?aaieciaaiiue aaia?aeii Oaeieiaii e
aeieoi?ii Aooai ii i?yiiio oeacaieth I?aceaeaioa, naeaeaoaeuenoaoao (19
naioya?y 1947 a.), /oi aeene aieueoa anaai iaiiieiaao iaei?acia?iue
?acaaaeuaaoaeueiue aiia?ao. Yoio auaiae iniiauaaaony ia niioaaonoaee
?acia?ia aiia?aoa n ?acia?aie naiieaoia ?acaaae/eeia e n yaiui
ionoonoaeai ia ai?oo eaeeo- eeai caiania (i?eeiaeaiea D).

Iiae?iaiue aiaeec /aou?ao ia?oauo /eaiia yeeiaaea auiieiee aeieoi?
A?iie. Ec i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai caeeth/aiey yoie a?oiiu (30 iiya?y 1947 a.)
neaaeoao, /oi, oioy aiaoiinoue iiaeaoeo /aeiaaeiiiaeiaia, aeieiae/aneea
e yaiethoeeiiiua i?ioeannu, niioaaonoaothuea eo ?acaeoeth, cia/eoaeueii
ioee/athony io i?ioeannia, iaania/eaathueo aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue aiii-
naieain.

A?oiia aeieoi?a Aooa aaaea a?aiaiiue oa?iei “Aiacaiiia aeieiae/aneia
nouanoai- AAN” aeey iaicia/aiey yoeo nouanoa, eiay a aeaeo aai
aeaeueiaeoaa ooi/iaiea ia iineaaeothueo noaaeeyo eco/aiey.

I?aaenoaaeyaony aannii?iui, /oi yoio aiia?ao ia nicaeai a eaeie- eeai
no?aia ia Caiea. Aeaaiie oaiie aeey ?aciuoeaiey yaeyaony aii?in eo
i?ienoiaeaeaiey e eae iie caeanue ieacaeenue.

Aiciiaeii eo aacie iia auoue e i?aaeiieiaeeoaeueii inoaaony Ia?n, oioy
iaeioi?ua o/aiua, iniaaiii aeieoi? Iaicae, n/eoatho aieaa aa?iyoiui eo
iiyaeaiea ec ae?oaie nieia/iie nenoaiu.

Ia iaeioi?uo iaeiieao auea iaia?oaeaia ia?ee?iaea iaiiaeiaea ea?iaeeoia.
Ana iiiuoee ?anoeo?iaaiey ieacaeenue aaconiaoiuie (i?eeiaeaiea A).
Oaeaea aaconiaoiuie ieacaeenue iiiuoee ?acaaaeaoue niinia aeaeaeaiey
iauaeoa, i?eioeei e niinia aeaenoaey aeaeaaoaeueiie onoaiiaee.

Auee i?in/eoaiu e niiaeaee?iaaiu ecaanoiua niiniau e ono?ienoaa aeey
aeaeaeaiey e aoene?iaaiey (e?ueuey, i?iiaeea?u, ?aaeoeaiua aeaeaaoaee,
aaeooiiua o?oau e o.ae., i?eeiaeaiea F).

Ana ineiaeieeinue oai, /oi aeaeaaoaeueiia ono?ienoai auei ?ac?ooaii
ac?uaii, iiaeaeoei aaa?eth.

Iaiaoiaeeiinoue a iaeaieaa aiciiaeiie aeiiieieoaeueiie eioi?iaoeee ia
yoii iauaeoa, aai oaoie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoeeao e aai oeaeyo iieacaia a
i?iaeoa Aiaiii- aicaeooiuo nee iiae iacaaieai “CIAE” a aeaeaa?a 1947 a.

Aeey nio?aiaiey nae?aoiinoe iauaiea ii yoie i?iaeaia iaaeaeo a?oiiaie
“CIAE” e “IAAEANOEE-12” auei ia?aie/aii aeaoiy eeoeaie a
?acaaaeuaaoaeueiii ioaeaea iaoa?eaeueii- oaoie/aneiai oi?aaeaiey
aaeaoeee, /uey ?ieue ia?aie/eaaeanue a ia?aaea/a eioi?iaoeee iau/iiai
oeia ii onoaiiaeaiiui eaiaeai. A ?aieao “CIAEA” a aeaeaa?a 1947 a. aue
ioe?uo i?iaeo “CEINOUe”. Ana aai ?aaiou auiieiyeenue iiae eiaeiaui
iacaaieai “NEIssss EIEAA” /a?ac ioeoea?ia Aiaiii- aicaeooiuo nee,
aicaeaaeyaoeo yoio i?iaeo.

6 iiya?y 1950 a. aoi?ie iauaeo, aa?iyoii iiaeiaiue ia?aiio, a?acaeny a
caieth ia aunieie nei?inoe o Yeue Eiaeei- Aoa??a?i a ?aeiia oaoani-
iaeneeaineie a?aieoea iinea aeaeaeaiey ii aeeeiiie o?aaeoi?ee a
aoiinoa?a, iaaethaeaaoeeny n caiee.

N?aco aea auea iai?aaeaia iieneiaay eiiaiaea, eioi?ay iaia?oaeeea
inoaiee ii/oe iieiinoueth nai?aaoaai iauaeoa. Ia?acoeu yoiai iaoa?eaea
auee n?i/ii aeinoaaeaiu aeey enneaaeiaaiey a Naiaeea, ooao Iueth-
Iaoeei.

Aaaeiui aeey Iaoeeiiaeueiie Aaciianiinoe yaeyaony oi, /oi iioeaaoeey e
eiia/iua oeaee yoeo aeceoa?ia inoathony iaecaanoiuie. E?iia oiai, ii
iaaethaeaieyi, aeoeaiinoue yoeo iauaeoia ia/aeanue a iaa e
i?iaeieaeaaony anth inaiue yoiai aiaea, e aiciiaeii iiaia ?acaeoea
niauoee anei?a.

Enoiaey ec yoeo i?e/ei, a oaeaea ec iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai e oaoiieiae/aneiai
cia/aiey i?iaeaiu e iaiaoiaeeiinoe ecaaaeaiey iaieee n?aaee ianaeaiey ia
anao o?iaiyo, a?oiia Iaaeanoee-12 au?aaeaao iiaiea, /oi niaethaeaiea ia?
no?iaeaeoae nae?aoiinoe aeieaeii i?iaeieaeaoueny aac iinayuaiey iiaie
aaeieieno?aoeee.

12.Nienie eeoa?aoo?u.

1. I.Aeueoeei, I.Eaaaaeaa “Nia?oue ieeioia IEI” ecae. Aacaoa
“Eiiniiieaoe ee?aece” 1989 a.

2. A.A.?oaoeia, A.Ae.O?noe “I?iaeaia aiacaiiuo oeeaeeecaoeee” ecae.
Eeoeiaa “Ooeeoea” 1988 a.

3. E.A.*oeeia “Caacaeiua nuiu” ecae. Iineaa “I?iieoae” 1989 a.

4. E.N.Oeeianeee “Anaeaiiay, aeeciue, ?acoi” ecae. Iineaa “Iaoea” 1987
a.

5. “Oaia yeaeo?iiiia ss” nai?iee iao/iie oaioanoeee ecae. Eaieia?aae
“Iieeioaoieea” 1991 a. Ai?en ?iiaiianeee ?iiai “…Aa?aai, ?iaee
Enaaea…”

6. “Au e Aao eiiiuethoa?” aeo?iae N 5-6 1997 a. noaouey “Iiaeao ee
iuneeoue ia?niiaeueii Aao eiiiuethoa??”.

7. E?aoeee oeeinioneee neiaa?ue iiae ?aae. I.?icaioaey e I.THaeeia
ainoaea?noaaiiia ecaeaoaeuenoai iieeoe/aneie eeoa?aoo?u 1980 a.

8. I.I.Aeoaeiei “*oi oaeia /aeiaae” ecae. Iineaa “Iuneue” 1983 a.

9. E.O.O?ieia “Ia?niaeoeau /aeiaaea” Iineaa ecaeaoaeuenoai iieeoe/aneie
eeoa?aoo?u 1983 a.

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