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Проблемы сознания в философии

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?INNEENEAss YEIIIIE*ANEAss AEAAeAIEss

ei. A. A. Ieaoaiiaa

?AOA?AO

ia oaio:

“I?IAEAIU NICIAIEss

A OEEINIOEE”

Auiieieea nooaeaioea I eo?na,

aeiaaiiai ioaeaeaiey IYO,

a?oiiu ? 9107

Aooaeiaa O. A.

Iao/iue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue:

Iineaa – 1997

Ieai:

TOC \o “1-2” *anoue I. Acaeyaeu oeeinioia

Iiiyoea e nouiinoue niciaiey

Niciaoaeueiia e aanniciaoaeueiia

Niciaiea e iuoeaiea

Niciaiea e iaiyoue

Niciaiea e ycue

*anoue II. Ii?aaeaeaiey e e?eoeea

Iiiyoea e nouiinoue niciaiey

Niciaoaeueiia e aanniciaoaeueiia

Niciaiea e iuoeaiea

Niciaiea e iaiyoue

Niciaiea e ycue

Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u

*anoue I. Acaeyaeu oeeinioia

Iiiyoea e nouiinoue niciaiey

Ieaoii:

“…ai anth aeeeio [iaua?u] oyiaony oe?ieee i?inaao. Aioo?e iaua?u
aeeaoo ocieee. N iaeuo eao o ieo oai ia iiaao e ia oaa ieiau, oae /oi
ethaeyi ia aeaeiooueny n ianoa, e aeaeyo iie oieueei oi, /oi o ieo i?yii
ia?aae aeacaie, eai iiaa?iooue aieiao iie ia iiaoo ec-ca yoeo ieia.
Ethaee ia?auaiu nieiie e naaoo, enoiaeyuaio ec iaiy, eioi?ue ai?eo
aeaeaei a auoeia, a iaaeaeo iaiai e ocieeaie i?ioiaeyo aa?oiyy aei?iaa,
a?iaea oie oe?iu, ca eioi?ie oieonieee iiiauatho naieo iiiiuieeia,
eiaaea iiaa?o oe?iu iieacuaatho eoeie… Oae i?aaenoaaue aea naaa e oi,
/oi ca yoie noaiie ae?oaea ethaee ianoo ?acee/ioth ooaa?ue, aea?aea aa
oae, /oi iia aeaeia iiaa?o noaiu; i?iiinyo iie e noaooe, e any/aneea
ecia?aaeaiey aeeauo nouanoa, naeaeaiiua ec eaiiy e aea?aaa… I?aaeaea
anaai ?acaa ou aeoiaaoue, /oi, iaoiaeynue a oaeii iieiaeaiee, ethaee
/oi-ieaoaeue aeaeyo, naia ee eee /oaeia, e?iia oaiae, ioa?anuaaaiuo
iaiai ia ?aniieiaeaiioth ia?aae ieie noaio iaua?u?..”

Eiiiaioa?ee:

A aeaiiii io?uaea Ieaoii ?acaeaaao naith “oai?eth iaua?u”, nooue eioi?ie
caeeth/aaony a neaaeothueo iieiaeaieyo: /aeiaae aeoaeaeaao a iio?ieao
iaua?u e aeaeeo eeoue iauaeoeae?iaaiiua oaie eaeae, eiathueo ?aaeueiia
auoea aaea-oi aia iaa – oaeei ia?acii a aeeaai?e/aneie oi?ia Ieaoii
no?aieony iieacaoue niioiioaiea iaaeaeo “ia?ae/iui” ie?ii eaeae
(i?aaeiaou, iineiua aia iaua?u), “i?iecaiaeiui” oece/aneei ie?ii (oaie
aauae a iaua?a) e /aeiaa/aneei niciaieai, niiniaiui aini?eiyoue eeoue
oaie, ii ia “enoeiiua” eaeae. Niciaiea ii Ieaoiio i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
niaieoiiinoue neaiaeia, iinooiathueo io i?aaiia /oanoa, aai caaea/ae
yaeyaony n?aaiaiea yoeo neaiaeia, onoaiiaeaiea noiaenoaa e ?acee/ey
iaaeaeo ieie, i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai e iaoiaeaeaiea
iauaai aeey i?eaaaeaiey eo e iaeiie oi?ia.

?.Aeaea?o:

“ss – noanoaioeey, nouiinoue, i?e?iaea eioi?ie ninoieo a iuoeaiee e
eioi?ay aeey naiaai auoey ia ioaeaeaaony a ianoa e ia caaeneo ie io
eaeie iaoa?eaeueiie aaue…

(ss anoue, y nouanoaoth( – yoi aeinoiaa?ii. Ii neieueei a?aiaie? Ia
noieueei, neieueei y iuneth, eai aiciiaeii, /oi y nianai au ia?anoae
nouanoaiaaoue, anee au ieii/aoaeueii ia?anoae iuneeoue”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Ec i?ioeeoe?iaaiiiai n i/aaeaeiinoue neaaeoao, /oi, ii iiaieth Aeaea?oa,
aeooa ia oieueei a iiciaaaoaeueiii aniaeoa caaeneo io niciaiey (oieueei
iaeiei yoei ao?eaooii iu iinoeaaai aeooo), oi e iioieiae/anee aeooa
nouanoaoao iinoieueeo, iineieueeo iia iuneeo. Oaeei ia?acii, yoi
iieiinoueth eaeaaeenoe/aneay oai?ey, aace?othuayny ia iinooeaoa i
ia?ae/iinoe aeooa eae iacaaeneiie io i?e?iaeu noanoaioeee, i?iyaeaieyie
eioi?ie yaeythony iuoeaiea e aiey.

Ae.Aeeae?i:

“- Iiaee au au iia ii?aaeaeeoue, a /ai caeeth/aaony auoea /oanoaothuaai
nouanoaa a ioiioaiee e naiiio naaa?

– A oii, /oi iii niciaao naiiai naay ia/eiay n ia?aiai iiiaioa niciaiey
aei ianoiyuaai a?aiaie…”

Eiiiaioa?ee:

A i?ioeeoe?iaaiiii o?aaiaioa ec aeeaeiaa Ae.Aeeae?i e AE.-A. Ae’Aeaiaa?a
?a/ue eaeao i acaeiiii ioiioaiee auoey e niciaiey, a aeaiiii neo/aa, eae
niciaao /aeiaae naiiai naay. Aoaeo/e iauaeoeaiui iaoa?eaeenoii, Aeeae?i
iiieiaao iiae neiaaie “niciaao naiiai naay” “iuouaao naiiai naay e
i?ienoiaeyuea a naiii naaa ineoe/aneea i?ioeannu iuouaiey”. E?iia oiai,
neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi oeacaiea a?aiaiiuo a?aieoe “n ia?aiai iiiaioa” e
“aei ianoiyuaai a?aiaie” aucaaii aeeyieai eiioeaioeee iinoiyiiiai
?acaeoey, eioi?iio iiaeaa?aeai e /aeiaae.

Aaeueaaoeee:

“*oanoaa ninoaaeytho enoi/iee anao iaoeo ciaiee… Iu ?aniieaaaai o?aiy
aeaaiuie n?aaenoaaie enneaaeiaaiey: iaaethaeaieai i?e?iaeu, ?aciuoeaieai
e yenia?eiaioii. Iaaethaeaiea niae?aao oaeou; ?aciuoeaiea eo
eiiaeie?oao; iiuo i?iaa?yao ?acoeueoao eiiaeiaoeee…

…anyeia iaoa iuouaiea aea/ao ca niaie noaeaeaiea, nouanoaiaaiea
eioi?iai, aoaeo/e iaecaanoiui, eiaaea iii ia i?eeiaaei e naaa iaoaai
aieiaiey, oai ia iaiaa ?aaeueii”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Aeaiiue o?aaiaio iiaeao neoaeeoue eeethno?aoeeae oai?ee annioeeaoeee,
i?eaa?aeaioeai eioi?ie yaeyeny Aaeueaaoeee e ia iniiaa eioi?ie ii
iauyniye i?e?iaeo niciaiey. Aa nooue: iineaaeiaaoaeueii aicieeathuea a
iicao iuouaiey iaeeaaeuaathony ae?oa ia ae?oaa e ia?acotho “io/ie
iuouaiee”. Yoe iuouaiey yaeythony ia?acaie iauaeoeaiie
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, a aicieeathuee ia eo iniiaa eiae/aneee iuneeoaeueiue
i?ioeann caeiiiia?ii io?aaeaao iauaeoeaioth i?e/eiioth naycue aauae e
yaeaiee.

Y.Eaio:

“Eaio, iuoaynue ?aoeoue yoio aii?in [i nouiinoe niciaiey], onoaiaaeeaaao
acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo aiaoiei e aioo?aiiei ie?ii. Ii ii?aaeaeyao niciaiea
eae (aaeeinoai neioaca(, eae aaeeinoai o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueiie e
yiie?e/aneie aiia?oeaioeee, /oi a eiia/iii eoiaa ana-oaee ia aeaao aio
aiciiaeiinoe ecaaaeaoue ?ac?uaa iaaeaeo /oanoaaiiui e ?aoeeiiaeueiui. Ii
Eaioo, iniiaie niaea?aeaiey niciaiey yaeythony ia auaiaeeiua ec iiuoa
ai?ei?iua eaeae. Iie onaaeaathony ee/iinoueth iooai nica?oeaiey aiaoiaai
ie?a aioo?aiiei /oanoaii noauaeoa. Niciaiea, iieo/ay ecaia oain
/oanoaaiiuo yaeaiee, aiineo a iaai ecaanoiue ii?yaeie n iiiiuueth
ai?ei?iuo eaeae. Ai?ei?iuie oi?iaie yaeythony i?ino?ainoai, a?aiy,
i?e/eiiinoue e o.i.. Eiaiii yoo ai?ei?ioth iniiao, i?enouoth, ii iiaieth
Eaioa, anai ethaeyi, ii iacuaaao o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueiui niciaieai. Yoi
niciaiea Eaio oa?aeoa?ecoao eae aunoee ai?ei?iue neioac,
i?aaeoanoaothuee niciaoaeueiiio niaea?aeaieth iiuoa”.

C.O?aeae:

“Auoue niciaoaeueiui – yoi i?aaeaea anaai /enoi iienaoaeueiue oa?iei,
eioi?ue iie?aaony ia naiia iaiin?aaenoaaiiia e iaaeaaeiia aini?eyoea.
Iiuo iieacuaaao iai aeaeaa, /oi ineoe/aneee yeaiaio, iai?eia?,
i?aaenoaaeaiea, iaueiiaaiii ia auaaao aeeeoaeueii niciaoaeueiui.
Iaiai?io, oa?aeoa?iui yaeyaony oi, /oi ninoiyiea niciaoaeueiinoe auno?i
i?ioiaeeo; i?aaenoaaeaiea a aeaiiue iiiaio niciaoaeueiia, a neaaeothuaa
iaiiaaiea ia?anoaao auoue oaeiaui, iaeiaei iiaeao aiiaue noaoue
niciaoaeueiui i?e ecaanoiuo, eaaei aeinoeaeeiuo oneiaeyo. Eaeei iii auei
a i?iiaaeooi/iue ia?eiae, iu ia ciaai; iiaeii neacaoue, /oi iii auei
ne?uoui (eaoaio), iiae?acoiaaay iiae yoei oi, /oi iii a ethaie iiiaio
niiniaii auei noaoue niciaoaeueiui. Anee iu neaaeai, /oi iii auei
aanniciaoaeueiui, iu oaeaea aeaaeei i?aaeeueiia iienaiea. Yoi
aanniciaoaeueiia a oaeia neo/aa niaiaaeaao ni ne?uoi eee iioaioeeaeueii
niciaoaeueiui…

Iiiyoea aanniciaoaeueiiai iu, oaeei ia?acii, iieo/aai ec o/aiey i
auoaniaiee. Auoaniaiiia iu ?anniao?eaaai eae oeie/iue i?eia?
aanniciaoaeueiiai. Iu aeaeei, iaeiaei, /oi anoue aeaiyeia
aanniciaoaeueiia: ne?uoia, ii niiniaiia noaoue niciaoaeueiui, e
auoaniaiiia, eioi?ia naii ii naaa e aac aeaeueiaeoaai ia iiaeao noaoue
niciaoaeueiui… Ne?uoia aanniciaoaeueiia, yaeythuaany oaeiaui oieueei a
iienaoaeueiii, ii ia a aeeiaie/aneii niunea, iacuaaaony iaie
i?aaeniciaoaeueiui; oa?iei (aanniciaoaeueiia( iu i?eiaiyai oieueei e
auoaniaiiiio aeeiaie/aneiio aanniciaoaeueiiio; oaeei ia?acii, iu eiaai
oaia?ue o?e oa?ieia: (niciaoaeueiia( (Bw), (i?aaeniciaoaeueiia( (Vbw) e
(aanniciaoaeueiia( (Ubw)”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Aeaiiue io?uaie niaea?aeeo a naaa nooue iiieiaiey O?aeaeii i?iaeaiu
niioiioaiey niciaoaeueiiai e aanniciaoaeueiiai a eiaeeaeaeooia.
?anniao?eaay yoio aii?in aieaa n oeeinioi-ineoieiae/aneie, iaaeaee n
iae?ioeceieiae/aneie oi/ee c?aiey, ii i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo i iaee/ee o?ao
o?iaiae a niciaiee /aeiaaea. Ianiiiaiii, /oi iiaeoiae ni noi?iiu
ineoieiaee e yoie aeiaaeueiie oeeinioneie i?iaeaia iicaieee O?aeaeo
niyoue i?ioeai?a/ey e ono?aieoue niiiaiey a iiiyoee e nouiinoe niciaiey
a ?aieao aeaiiie eiioeaioeee.

Nia?aiaiiay oeeinioey:

“Ia/eiay n (oeeinioee aeecie(, oa?iei (niciaiea( noaiiaeony
iaiaeiicia/iui e aeaaea iiiainiuneaiiui. Oeaaeai, ii e?aeiae ia?a, ia
aeaa oieeiaaiey. N iaeiie noi?iiu, nio?aiyaony (eeanne/aneee( niune
yoiai oa?ieia, niaeanii eioi?iio niciaiea oiaeaeanoaaiii iiciathuaio
niciaieth, eae iii i?aaenoaaeaii a eiioeaioeee naiiniciaoaeueiiai
noauaeoa i?aaeoanoaothuaai ?aoeeiiaeecia. Niciaiea a yoii niunea anoue
iaeioi?ia i?aia?e?iaaiiia (o.a. oaeiaeaoai?ythuaa ?yaeo oneiaee)
ia?aciaaiea, ia/oi aoi?e/iia, eee ?aoeaeoeaiia niciaiea. N ae?oaie
noi?iiu, niciaiea (eiiaaea aeaaea aiai?eony e naiiniciaiea) iiieiaaony
eae ia/oi iaiin?aaenoaaiii noaaouaathuaa, iiieiathuaa, (ciathuaa( naii
naay e naith iniiao. A yoii aoi?ii niunea niciaiea e noauaeoeaiinoue
?anniao?eaathony eae niaoeeoe/aneee aeae auoey, eioi?ue iaaiciiaeii
au?aceoue a o?aaeeoeeiiiie noauaeo-iauaeoiie oi?ia. Auoea niciaiey,
iineieueeo iii ia iiaeao auoue iauaeoii, anoue iiyoiio i?aaeiao ia
aiinaieiaee, a iioieiaee.

Iioieiae/aneay o?aeoiaea niciaiey e noauaeoeaiinoe inouanoaeyaony a
nia?aiaiiie caiaaeiie oeeinioee ii ianeieueeei eeieyi, au/eaiaiea
eioi?uo i?aaenoaaeyao ecaanoioth o?oaeiinoue, eai, eae i?aaeei, a
eiioeaioeeyo ioaeaeueiuo iuneeoaeae ?acee/iua eeiee aiaeeca
ia?anaeathony e acaeiiaeiiieiythony. Oneiaii iiaeii auaeaeeoue
neaaeothuea iai?aaeaiey iieneia: iienaiea niciaiey eae /aai-oi
iaioaeaeeiiai e aeaaea oiaeaeanoaaiiiai iaiin?aaenoaaiiie aeeciaiiie
?aaeueiinoe ((oeeinioey aeecie(, eiioeaioeey aeeciaiiiai ?acoia
I?oaae-e-Aannaoa); au/eaiaiea iaeioi?iai aei?aoeaeneaiiai o?iaiy
niciaiey e iienaiea iineaaeiaai a aai nouiinoiie (/enoioa( e
oaiiiaiaeueiie yanoaaiiinoe (Aonna?eue, Na?o?); oeene?iaaiea aeecie
niciaiey ia oaiiiaiaeueii-oaeaniii o?iaia (Ieoeoa, Ia?ei-Iiioe);
auyaeaiea aeaoa?ieiaoeee niciaiey /a?ac ycueiaua (aa?iaiaaoeea,
Aeoaaiooaei) e ae?oaea no?oeoo?u aanniciaoaeueiiai ii?yaeea
(ineoiaiaeec, no?oeoo?aeeci)”.

N.Eai:

“- Ioeoaea iu ciaai, /oi o ian eiaiii oaeia, a ia eiia oaei, eiaiii
oaeia eeoei? *oi iu noiei, /oi aea?aeei a ?oeao eieao, /oi oeaaou
iaoioo? Au ioaaoeoa, /oi ii?aaeaeaiiua eiioeuenu aicaeaenoaotho ia iaoe
i?aaiu /oanoa e ii ia?aai aaaoo a iao iica niioaaonoaothuea neaiaeu. A
oaia?ue aiia?aceoa… /oi y niiao aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia aao iaiiyoaeueiue
ia?a oi/ii oae aea, eae yoi aeaeaao aeooenoay aaicaeeea, – /oi au
aoaeaoa iuouaoue?

– Caiao aaicaeeee, ?acoiaaony.

– A anee y naeaeath oi aea naiia ni anaie aaoeie ia?aaie, oi au aoaeaoa
iuouaoue ia aiaoiee ie?, a oi, /oi ss ii yoei ia?aai i?ioaeaa?aoe?oth a
aao iica… Iiiyoii?

– Ii oiaaea aiciiaeii e oi, /oi oicyei caiueaiiie eaai?aoi?ee, a eioi?ie
iu noiei ia iieeao, – nai oiaea yuee, iino?iaiiue ae?oaei, aua aieaa
aunieiai ?aiaa o/aiui, iaeaaeaoaeai i?eaeiaeueiuo e oaioanoe/aneeo
eiioeaioeee… E oae aei aaneiia/iinoe. Eaaeaeue ec yoeo
yenia?eiaioaoi?ia – oai?aoe naiaai ie?a, yoeo yueeia e eo noaeaa,
aeanoai iaae naieie Aaeaiaie e naieie Aaaie, e nai iaoiaeeony ai aeanoe
neaaeothuaai aiaa, noiyuaai ia aieaa aunieie ea?a?oe/aneie nooiaie…”

Eiiiaioa?ee:

I?eaaaeaiiue o?aaiaio ec oaioanoe/aneiai ?anneaca ienaoaey e oeeinioa
Noaieneaaa Eaia aeaiiino?e?oao a aeeaai?e/aneie oi?ia nouiinoue
nieeinenoe/aneiai iiaeoiaea e ?aoaieth aii?ina i nouiinoe niciaiey.
I?eaa?aeaioeu nieeinecia (n?aaee eioi?uo e noianoaaeoee
i?ioanni?-eeaa?iaoee Ei?ei?ai – nicaeaoaeue “iuneyueo” yueeia)
ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi a ie?a ia nouanoaoao ie/aai, e?iia /aeiaa/aneiai
niciaiey, e any ie?oaeathuay “aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue” anoue iaiai iaoeo
i?aaiia /oanoa. Oaeei ia?acii, iieo/aaony, /oi aanue iauaeoeaiue ie?, a
oii /enea e ethaee, e oaei naiiai eiaeeaeaeooia, nouanoaotho eeoue a aai
niciaiee. A i?ioeeoe?iaaiiii ?anneaca Eai aeaiiino?e?oao oai?aoe/aneoth
aiciiaeiinoue i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee nieeinenoe/aneiai niciaiey.

Niciaoaeueiia e aanniciaoaeueiia

Ae?aaiyy Eiaeey:

“A oeeinioneie nenoaia (Eiaa Iaoaiaeaeaee( aanniciaoaeueiia
o?aeoiaaeinue eae aunoee iiiaio iiciaiey – eiooeoeey. I?e/ai
aanniciaoaeueiia iiieiaeinue ia eae oi?ia iiciaiey, i?aaeoanoaothuay
niciaieth, a, iai?ioea, eae naa?oniciaoaeueiia, ia iniiaa eioi?iai
inouanoaeyaony aunoay noaiaiue i?iieeiiaaiey a nouiinoue aauae. Iaeiaei
o (Eiaa Iaoaiaeaeaee( iiiyoea aanniciaoaeueiiai oiio?aaeyaony e aeey
oa?aeoa?enoeee i?e/ei Anaeaiiie, ia?aiia/aeueiiai i?iaeoeoa ?acaeoey
(i?ae?eoe( – aaeeeiai, aeeth/athuaai a naay eioaeeaeo, naiiniciaiea e oi
((/eooa(). (Ii ((/eooa() a nouiinoe aanniciaoaeai, oioy noaiiaeony
niciathuei, aeaaiaea?y io?aaeaieth (ss(, eioi?ia a iai iaoiaeeony(”.

Nie?ao:

“A (Caueoa( Nie?ao nai ii?aaeaeyao aeaiiiee, eae aiein aiaa,
oeacuaathuee, /oi neaaeoao aeaeaoue. A (Aiieiaee( Ieaoii i?eaiaeeo
neaaeothuea neiaa Nie?aoa: (O iaiy yoi ia/aeinue a aeaonoaa. ssaeyaony
eaeie-oi aiein e, eiaaea yaeony, anaaaea ioa?auaao iaiy io oiai, /oi y
iaia?aaathnue aeaeaoue, e ieeiaaea ia iiaoaeaeaao. Iaeioi?ua n/eoatho
yoio aeaiiiee ca i?aae/oanoaea eee aiein niaanoe(. Ieooa?o a naiai
aeeaeiaa (I Nie?aoiaii aeaiiiee( ?anneacuaaao oaeie neo/ae. Iaeiaaeaeu
Nie?ao oae ii oeeoea ni naieie ae?ocueyie; ei aeaeueoa iaaei auei eaeoe
ii oie aea oeeoea. Ia ia?ae?anoea Nie?ao aae?oa inoaiiaeeny, oaeoaeeny a
naay, a caoai, nnueaynue ia oeacaiey aeaiiiey, naa?ioe ia ae?oaoth
oeeoeo, iicaaa n niaie inoaeueiuo. Iaeiaei iaeioi?ua ec niooieeia ia
iineooaee aai e, aeaeay aeieacaoue eaeeainoue aeaiiiey, iioee i?aaeiei
iooai. Aiacaiii aei?iao ei i?aa?aaeeei noaaei iie?uouo a?ycueth naeiae,
iaeieo naeiuee ii?ieeioee, ae?oaeo auia/eaee a?ycueth.

Nnueaynue ia yoio aioo?aiiee aiein, Nie?ao, eae ii nai aiai?eo ia yoii a
Ieaoiiianeie (Aiieiaee(, oeeiiyeny io iauanoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe:
(Aioo?aiiee aiein (aeaiiiee) i?ioeaeeny oiio, /oiau y caieiaeny
ainoaea?noaaiiuie aeaeaie(”

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Aeaiiua io?uaie yaeyaony aanueia iieacaoaeueiui aeey iiieiaiey nouiinoe
acaeyaea ia aanniciaoaeueiia o ?aiieo aioe/iuo oeeinioia. Oae iacuaaaiue
“aeaiii Nie?aoa”, iaeaieaa aa?iyoii, yaeyaony eiooeoeaiui
aanniciaoaeueiui ciaieai, oi anoue oai, /oi /aeiaae iieo/aao
iaiin?aaenoaaiii, a ioee/ea io niciaoaeueiuo ciaiee, aeinoeaathueo iicaa
iiin?aaeiaaiii /a?ac i?aaiu /oanoa. E?iia oiai, aeey nie?aoianeiai
iiieiaiey niaoeeoe/ii iiieiaiea aanniciaoaeueiiai ciaiey eae niaanoe eee
eiooeoeaiiai aea/aiey e aeia?o.

Ieaoii:

“Aeaeeii, yoi iiciaiea eiaei ianoi a i?aaeyecenoaioeeaeueiii ninoiyiee
aeooe, e, caauoia ec-ca nayce aeooe n oaeii, iii aeieaeii aiciaiiaeoueny
niioaaonoaothuei ?acae?aaeeoaeai. Iiaeeeiiia niciaoaeueiia ciaiea
aiciiaeii eeoue aeaaiaea?y oiio, /oi iu aanniciaoaeueiia ciaai”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Ii Ieaoiio, au/eoaiea a aini?eyoee iauaai yaeyaony i?eiiieiaieai. Anee
au o ian ie/aai ia auei io eaeae, iiciaiea auei au iaaiciiaeiui. Aei
aiaeai?aiea aeooe a oaei, iiea /enoioa e oeaeinoiinoue aa nio?aiyeenue,
iia iaiin?aaenoaaiii nica?oeaea eaeae. A ianoiyuaa aea a?aiy ia Caiea,
aeooa aeaeeo iiaeiaiua eaeayi aaue, aucuaathuea a iae i?eiiieiaiea naieo
eaeae. A yoi auei au iaaiciiaeiui, anee au ciaiea yoeo eaeae ia
i?iaeieaeaei naiaai nouanoaiaaiey a aeooa, eioi?ay i oii ie/aai ia ciaao
e ia iiaea au ociaoue, anee au iiaeiaiua eaeayi i?aaeiaou ia ?acaoaeeee
a iae yoiai niciaiey. Oaeei ia?acii, ii iiaieth Ieaoiia, yoi ciaiea
eaeae eiaeinue a aeooa /aeiaaea aanniciaoaeueii. Anee au aai ia eiaee,
oi iao iiene ii iooe iiciaiey ia iia au aueoe ca i?aaeaeu aini?eyoey e
ia ia/eiaee au eneaoue oiai, /oi iai aua iaecaanoii, ia iiaee au
iiiciaoue oaea iaeaeaiiia.

?.Aeaea?o:

“Oieueei iaeei eioaeeaeo niiniaai iiciaoue enoeio. Iniiaie enoeiiiai
ciaiey yaeyaony naiii/aaeaeiinoue, ia ioaeaeathuayny ie a iiuoao, ie a
eiae/aneeo aeieacaoaeuenoaao, eioi?ay naienoaaiiay oieueei
eioaeeaeooaeueiie eiooeoeee. Oae, aaiiao?e/aneea aeneiiu i?aaenoaaeytho
niaie eiaiii oaeea naiii/aaeaeiua ooaa?aeaeaiey, naiii/aaeaeioth
eiooeoeeth…”

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Aeaiiue io?uaie eeethno?e?oao aeaea?oiao oai?eth “a?iaeaeaiiuo eaeae”.
Eiooeoeey (eee aanniciaoaeueiia ciaiea) ii Aeaea?oo – yoi i?i/iia
iiiyoea yniiai e aieiaoaeueiiai oia, ii?iaeaeaiiia eeoue anoanoaaiiui
naaoii ?acoia, e aeaaiaea?y yoie naiae i?inoioa aieaa aeinoiaa?iia, /ai
aeaaeoeoeey. Eiooeoeaiia ciaiea iiaeao auoue oieueei iaiin?aaenoaaiiui,
a aai enoi/ieeii yaeyaony aia. Oaeei ia?acii, yoi ica?aiea oia,
iin?aaenoaii eioi?iai oi aeaeeo a naaoa aiaa aaue; aiao auei oaiaeii
ioe?uoue /aeiaaeo iooai i?yiiai “iaia/aoeaiey” aiaeanoaaiiie yniinoe
aaue ia iao ?annoaeie.

A.Eaeaieoe:

“A iaoai oia iao ie/aai, /oi oaea ia ae?aiaei au a aeaea i?aaenoaaeaiey
a oaiiie aeooa. I?eoeinue au i?eciaoue, /oi niciaoaeueiua i?aaenoaaeaiey
aicieeatho ec ie/aai, anee ei ia i?aaeoanoaiaaee aanniciaoaeueiua”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Eaeaieoe aunooiae a caueoo a?iaeaeaiiiai ciaiey, n e?eoeeie nainoaeecia
Eieea (ni. ieaea). Aaiaeeoue iiiyoea aanniciaoaeueiiai a naith
oeeinioneoth eiioeaioeeth aio iio?aaiaaeinue, /oiau iainiiaaoue ?aceee
ia?aoiae a ?acaeoee niiniaiinoe iiciaiey. Aanniciaoaeueiia (eioi?ia o
iaai iacuaaaony “iaeua ia?oeaioeee”) iiae aicaeaenoaeai
aeiiieieoaeueiuo oaeoi?ia (iuoeaiea, iaiyoue e o.ae.) aeaao yaeaiey
niciaiey.

Y.Eaio:

“Eoae, neioaoe/aneia aaeeinoai iiiaiia?acey iaaeyaeiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee,
eae aeaiiia apriori, anoue iniiaaiea oiaeaeanoaa naiie aiia?oeaioeee,
eioi?ay apriori i?aaeoanoaoao anaio iiaio ii?aaeaeaiiiio iuoeaieth…
Yoio i?eioeei anoue aunoaa iniiaiiieiaeaiea ai anai /aeiaa/aneii
ciaiee…”

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Aeey Eaioa aanniciaoaeueiia – yoi ciaiea, iinoeaiooia /a?ac /oanoaaiioth
eiooeoeeth. E?iia oiai, aanniciaoaeueiia (a niunea naa?ouanoanoaaiiia,
aiaeanoaaiiia) eiaao ianoi oiaaea, eiaaea neioac, i eioi?ii aiai?eony a
i?ioeeoe?iaaiiii o?aaiaioa, naiaeeony e iiuoo ?annoaeea e inoaaony
iainiciaiiui.

O.A.E.Oaeeeia:

“Oaeeeia ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi i?aaeoniio?aiiay aa?iiiey iaaeaeo eaeaaeueiui
e ?aaeueiui ie?aie yaeyaony ?acoeueoaoii eae niciaoaeueiie, oae e
aanniciaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe. I?e yoii eiaaony a aeaeo, (/oi
aeayoaeueiinoue, eioi?ay a iaoai iiaaaeaiee niciaoaeueii i?iaeoeoeaia, a
naiai ii?iaeaeaiee ie?a i?iaeoeoeaia aanniciaoaeueii(. Yoei
iinooee?oaony iaee/ea niciaoaeueiie e aanniciaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe a
noauaeoeaiii, oi anoue a naiii niciaiee, a iauaeoeaiue ie?
i?aaenoaaeyaony ia /ai eiui, eae ia?aiia/aeueiie aanniciaoaeueiie
(iiyceae aaniethoiiai aeooa(“.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Enoiaey ec aeaiiie oeeoaou, iiaeii caeeth/eoue, /oi aeey Oaeeeiaa
aanniciaoaeueiia yaeyaony ioi?aaiie oi/eie, io?eoeaoaeueiui noeioeii e
?acaeoeth. A ecia/aeueiii “aaniethoiii oiaeaeanoaa” auoey e iuoeaiey
eiaao ianoi aanniciaoaeueiia oioaiea e aeaenoaiaaiea, a ?acoeueoaoa
eioi?iai aicieeaao i?e?iaea. ?acee/iua i?e?iaeiua yaeaiey o Oaeeeiaa
aunooiatho eae ii?aaeaeaiiua oi?iu auoey e niciaiey ie?iaiai aeooa.
Oaeei ia?acii i?ienoiaeeo ?acaeoea iooai iinoaiaiiiai i?aa?auaiey
aanniciaoaeueiiai a niciaoaeueiia.

A.A.O.Aaaaeue:

“Yoi anaiauaa [i?aaeei] anoue ia/oi aei oaeie noaiaie a naaa
iauaaeeiaiiia a niunea i?inoiou, /oi y oaea aieaa ia niciath a iai
iniauo ?acee/ee iieo ioaeaeueiuo aeayoaeueiinoae. *oi yoi oae, yoi iu
aeaeei, iai?eia?, a ienueia. Eiaaea iu o/einy ienaoue, iu aeieaeiu
ia?auaoue iaoa aieiaiea ia ana /anoiinoe, ia ia?iiiia iiiaeanoai anyeeo
iin?aaenoaothueo iiiaioia. Ii eiaaea oiaiea ienaoue naeaeaeinue aeey ian
i?eau/eie, oiaaea iaoa (ss(, iai?ioea, oaea ianoieueei iieii iaeaaeaei
anaie ioiinyueieny nthaea /anoiinoyie, aei oaeie noaiaie ca?aceei eo
naiae anaiauiinoueth, /oi iie oaea ia niciathony iaie eae /anoiinoe, e
iu caia/aai eeoue oi, /oi a ieo anoue anaiauaai”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Oaeei ia?acii, i/aaeaeii, /oi Aaaaeue n/eoae, /oi i?eau/ea ioaaouaaao
ana aeaeu e nooiaie aeayoaeueiinoe aeooa. I?eau/ea ii Aaaaeth – yoi
naaaeaiiay e /enoie eaeaaeueiinoe oaeaniinoue, eioi?ay i?enoua aeooa,
eae oaeiaie. Yoi icia/aao, /oi “auoea aeey naay” i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
niaa?oaiii aanniciaoaeueiia niaea?aeaiea, ii a oi aea a?aiy e iniiao
niciaiey, e eioi?iio yoi “auoea aeey naay” ainoiaeeo. Eoae, Aaaaeue
ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi a i?eau/ea iaoa niciaiea iaeiia?aiaiii e i?enoonoaoao
a aaue, caeioa?aniaaii ath, e, iaiai?io, ionoonoaoao a iae, ?aaiiaeooii
e iae.

Niciaiea e iuoeaiea

Ae.Aeeae?i:

“…yoi a eiuo neo/ayo iicaieyei iia n?aaieaaoue ia?aiua aieieia iaoeo
i?aaiia n /oanoaeoaeueiuie… no?oiaie. Oaeay no?oia i?eoiaeeo a
eieaaaiea e cao/eo aua aeieai nionoy iinea oaea?a. …No?oia canoaaeyao
ae?iaeaoue ninaaeiea; oaeei ia?acii, iaeii i?aaenoaaeaiea aucuaaao
ae?oaia; yoe iaa i?aaenoaaeaiey – o?aouea; ana o?e i?aaenoaaeaiey –
/aoaa?oia, e oae aeaeaa, aac oiai, /oiau iiaeii auei ii?aaeaeeoue
a?aieoeo eaeae, eioi?ua aicieeatho e naycuaathony o oeeinioa,
iia?oaeaiiiai a aeoiu eee caiyoiai ?aciuoeaiey a oeoe e oaiiioa…”

Eiiiaioa?ee:

A naieo ?aaioao, a /anoiinoe, a i?ioeeoe?iaaiiii o?oaea, Ae.Aeeae?i
?acaeaaao oai?eth annioeeaoeaiiai iuoeaiey, nooue eioi?ie caeeth/aeanue
a ieaeaneaaeothuai: annioeeaoeey – yoi naycue iaaeaeo ineoe/aneeie
yaeaieyie (iuouaieyie, i?aaenoaaeaieyie, eaeayie), eioi?ay aicieeaao
iiae aeeyieai iiaoi?aiey eo ni/aoaiee ai a?aiaie eee i?ino?ainoaa.
Iuoeaiea, a naith i/a?aaeue, yaeyaony i?ioeannii, i?aaenoaaeythuei niaie
neiaeiua oeaie annioeeaoeee, i?ioaeathuee a niciaiee.

Aeae. Eiee:

“Iaaethaeaiey iaae aeaoueie iieacuaatho, /oi i/aaeaeiu oieueei oa eaeae,
eioi?ua iieo/athony ec iuouaiey eee ?aoeaenee. ss ia aeaeo iiyoiio
iniiaaiee aa?eoue, /oi aeooa iuneeo i?aaeaea, /ai /oanoaa niaaaeyo aa
eaeayie aeey ?aciuoeaiey. Ii ia?a oiai, eae eaeae oiiiaeathony e
oaea?aeeaathony, aneaaenoaea oi?aaeiaiey, ?acaeaaaony a ?acee/iuo
iai?aaeaieyo niiniaiinoue iuoeaiey. Oi/ii oae aea aiineaaenoaee /a?ac
ni/aoaiea yoeo eaeae e ?aciuoeaiey i naieo aeayoaeueiinoyo aeooa
oaaee/eaaao naie caian e ?acaeaaao eaaeinoue ainiiieiaiey, aiia?aaeaiey,
?annoaeaeaiey e ae?oaea oi?iu iuoeaiey”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

A aeaiiii io?uaea niaea?aeeony e?eoeea “a?iaeaeaiiuo eaeae” Aeaea?oa
(ni. auoa). Niaeanii Eieeo, i?e?iaea i?e ?iaeaeaiee /aeiaaea aeaao aio
eeoue niiniaiinoue /oanoaaiiiai aini?eyoey ie?oaeathuaai ie?a. Aeooa e
?acoi, ia?aiia/aeueii yaeyynue “eenoii /enoie aoiaae”, iinoaiaiii
caiieiythony yoeie /oanoaaiiuie aini?eyoeyie, ia iniiaa /aai ?acaeaaaony
niiniaiinoue e ?aciuoeaieth.

A. Eaeaieoe:

“Aaiacen iiiyoee anoue aioo?aiiyy eiiiaoaioeey aeooe. E iineieueeo iiuo
ia iiaeoaa?aeaeaao oaeoa niciaoaeueiiai nouanoaiaaiey (a?iaeaeaiiuo
eaeae(, eo neaaeoao i?aaenoaaeoue a aeaea aanniciaoaeueiuo yaeaiee.
Ionoonoaea niciaoaeueiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee ia icia/aao ionoonoaey
i?aaenoaaeaiee aiiaua, eai iiaeii aeiionoeoue, /oi a aeaiiue iiiaio iie
yaeythony aanniciaoaeueiuie. Anee aea aeiionoeoue ia?aoiia, oi i?eaeaony
niaeaneoueny n oai, /oi, ia eiay niciaoaeueiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee, iu aiiaua
ie/aai ia eiaai a aeooa. Iaeiaei oaeia ooaa?aeaeaiea i?eaaaeao e oiio,
/oi noaiao iaiiiyoiui aicieeiiaaiea niciaoaeueiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee; aaaeue
ec ie/aai ia/oi ia ?iaeaeaaony! Aeaeaeaiea i?ienoiaeeo oieueei io
aeaeaeaiey, e i?aaenoaaeaiea oaeaea iiaeao eiaoue naiei ia/aeii oieueei
i?aaenoaaeaiea. Anee niciaoaeueiiio i?aaenoaaeaieth ia i?aaeoanoaoao
aanniciaoaeueiia i?aaenoaaeaiea, oi yoi icia/aao, /oi aio ie/oi ia
i?aaeoanoaoao, e, oaeei ia?acii, aicieeiiaaiea aai iaaiciiaeii”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

A aeaiiii o?aaiaioa ynii aeaeia iiiuoea Eaeaieoea caueoeoue eaeath
Aeaea?oa i “a?iaeaeaiiuo eaeayo”, eni?aaeoue aai ioeaee e aianoe a yoo
eiioeaioeeth i?eioeei ?acaeoey. A ioee/ea io Aeaea?oa, eioi?ue n/eoae,
/oi iuoeaiea e niciaiea aace?othony ia /aoei ii?aaeaeaiiuo “a?iaeaeaiiuo
eaeayo”, Eaeaieoe i?eaea?aeeaaeny iunee i oii, /oi iie eiathony eeoue a
iioaioeeaeueiii, ca/aoi/iii e iainiciaiiii ninoiyiee. Eeoue caoai iie
iinoaiaiii oi?ie?othony e eieoeee?otho i?ioeann iuoeaiey.

Aaaaeue:

“Oi, /oi iieo/aaony i?e ?aciuoeaiee, anoue i?iaeoeo iaoaai iuoeaiey.
Oae, iai?eia?, Nieii aeae aoeiyiai caeiiu, eioi?ua auee i?iecaaaeaieai
aai iuoeaiey. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, iaeiaei, iu ?anniao?eaaai anaiauaa,
caeiiu eae i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue /aio-oi noauaeoeaiiio e iiciaai a iai
nouanoaaiiia, enoeiiia e iauaeoeaiia aauae”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Ii iiaio iiaieth, eiaiii yoio o?aaiaio naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi
Aaaaeue caoeene?iaae ?aaeueiue oaeo nouanoaiaaiey a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe
iuneeoaeueiuo ?acoeueoaoia, ?aaeueiuo i?iyaeaiee iuneeoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ua i?inoi e iienaieth iuoeaiey eae noauaeoeaiie
(eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie) niiniaiinoe, eae oi?iu eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai niciaiey
naaaeaiu auoue ia iiaoo. Aaaaeue caia/aao, /oi oioy iuoeaiea
aeaenoaeoaeueii aeinoeaaao iieiiai niciaiey naieo noai a aa?aaeueiie
oi?ia, eae aeayoaeueii-oai?/aneay niiniaiinoue /aeiaaea iii
iaia?oaeeaaao naay e a aeaea anaai nicaeaiiiai /aeiaaeii ie?a eoeueoo?u.
“Iuoeaiea” o iaai, oaeei ia?acii, iauaaeeiyao oe?ieee niaeo? cia/aiee,
aaea ia ia?aia ianoi auaeaeaathony aai iauaeoeaiua oi?iu, aai auoea ii
ioiioaieth e ie?o e aai aaeeinoai n eoeueoo?ie.

Niciaiea e iaiyoue

Ae.Aeeae?i:

“- Ia /oi iie?aaony /aeiaa/aneia niciaiea?

– Ia iaiyoue i naieo aeaenoaeyo.

– A /oi auei au aac yoie iaiyoe?

– Aac yoie iaiyoe /aeiaae ia iaeaaeae au naiei niaie, oae eae, eniuouaay
naia auoea oieueei a iaiin?aaenoaaiiii aini?eyoee, ii ia eiae au ieeaeie
enoi?ee naiae aeecie. Aeey iaai aeeciue auea au eeoue i?a?uaiie
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoueth iuouaiee, ie/ai ia naycaiiuo… Oaeei ia?acii,
nouanoai /oanoaothuaa e iaeaaeathuaa yoie [ii?aaeaeaiiie] i?aaiecaoeeae,
i?eaiaeiie aeey iaiyoe, naycuaaao iieo/aaiua aia/aoeaiey, niceaeaao yoie
naycueth enoi?eth, ninoaaeythuoth enoi?eth aai aeecie, e aeioiaeeo aei
naiiniciaiey; oiaaea iii iiaeao io?eoeaoue, ooaa?aeaeaoue,
oiicaeeth/aoue, iuneeoue”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Aeeae?i iaeiei ec ia?auo aeoeaioe?iaae aieiaiea ia oai?aoe/aneie e
i?aeoe/aneie iaaiciiaeiinoe nouanoaiaaiey niciaiey aac iaiyoe. A naiii
aeaea, aac iaiyoe iaaiciiaeii niiinoaaeaiea, aac niiinoaaeaiee
iaaiciiaeii iuoeaiea, aac iuoeaiey iaaiciiaeii niciaiea. Oaeei ia?acii,
ec i?ioeeoe?iaaiiiai io?uaea n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth auoaeaao iuneue i oii,
/oi iaiyoue e niciaiea acaeiiiaoneiaeaiu: ionoonoaea iaeiiai aaaeao e
en/aciiaaieth ae?oaiai. Neaaeoao oaeaea ia?aoeoue aieiaiea ia oi, /oi
Aeeae?i iiieiaao iaiyoue ia i?inoi eae eieeaeoeeth aia/aoeaiee e
iuouaiee, ii eieeaeoeeth nenoaiaoece?iaaiioth (ii oiio?aaeyao oa?iei
“enoi?ey”), oii?yaei/aiioth ii o?iiieiae/aneiio i?eioeeio.

Aaeueaaoeee:

“Iaeia niiniaiinoue – iieo/aoue ?acee/iua aia/aoeaiey, i?iecaiaeeiua ia
iaa aiaoieie i?aaeiaoaie; iia iacuaaaony oece/aneie
/oanoaeoaeueiinoueth. Ae?oaay niiniaiinoue – nio?aiyoue aia/aoeaiea,
i?iecaaaeaiiia ia ian aiaoieie i?aaeiaoaie. Iia iacuaaaony iaiyoueth,
eioi?ay anoue ia /oi eiia, eae aeeyueany, ii oaea ineaaeaiiua iuouaiey”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

A ioee/ea io Ae.Aeeae?i e Aieueaaoa Aaeueaaoeee aeaeeo iuouaiey a
caaeneiinoe io eo neeu. Ii ioia/aao, /oi nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai “neaauo
iuouaiee”, eioi?ua ia i?eeiauaatho e naaa iaoaai aieiaiey e ia niiniaiu
aucaaoue a ian ie niciaiey, ie ainiiieiaiey. Oaeei ia?acii, ii iaeiei ec
ia?auo iiiuoaeny iauynieoue ia oeeinionei-ineoieiae/aneii o?iaia
oaiiiaiu “ei?ioeie” e “aeieaie” iaiyoe.

Y.A. aea Eiiaeeeueye:

(6.Ca?iaeaeaiea iaiyoe. Ii iuouaaiue ath caiao ia en/acaao iieiinoueth
iinea oiai, eae ecaeathuaa caiao oaei ia?anoaao aeaenoaiaaoue ia aa
i?aai iaiiyiey. Aieiaiea, eioi?ia iia ia?aoeea ia iaai, oaea?aeeaaao
aai, e iii inoaaeyao aieaa eee iaiaa neeueiia aia/aoeaiea a caaeneiinoe
io noaiaie nin?aaeioi/aiiinoe naiiai aieiaiey. A yoii caeeth/aaony
iaiyoue.

(8. … Oaeei ia?acii, o noaooe eiathony aeaa niiniaa iuouaiey,
ioee/athueany eeoue oai, /oi iaeei ec ieo ioiineony e eiathuaiony
iaeeoei iuouaieth, a ae?oaie – e iuouaieth, eioi?iai aieueoa iao, ii
aia/aoeaiea io eioi?iai aua i?iaeieaeaaony. Iineieueeo noaooy ia ciaao,
/oi nouanoaotho i?aaeiaou, aeaenoaothuea ia iaa, ia ciaao aeaaea, /oi
iia iaeaaeaao iaeioi?ui i?aaiii /oanoa, oi ?acee/ea iaaeaeo
ainiiieiaieai i eaeii-oi iuouaiee e iuouaieai, eiathueiny iaeeoei, anoue
aeey iaa iaueiiaaiii eeoue ?acee/ea iaaeaeo neaaui iuouaieai oiai, /ai
iia auea, e y?eei iuouaieai oiai, /ai iia yaeyaony oaia?ue. …/ai /aua
noaiao oi?aaeiyoueny iaiyoue, oai eaa/a iia aoaeao aeaenoaiaaoue”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Eiiaeeeueye, i/aaeaeii, aoi?eo Aaeueaaoeeth, ?acee/ay “neeueiua” e
“neaaua” iuouaiey. Iaeiaei, ei?aiiia ioee/ea aai acaeyaea io acaeyaeia
Aeeae?i caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi aeey aai noaooe oii?yaei/aiiinoue
iuouaiee ii neea iaeiia?aiaiii iaicia/aao o?iiieiae/aneoth
o?aaoee?iaaiiinoue, ii ia iaiai?io, eai aai “noaooy” ia eiaao iiiyoey i
a?aiaie. Oaeei ia?acii, ec i?ioeeoe?iaaiiiai io?uaea Eiiaeeeueyea iiaeii
naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi ii n/eoae a?aiy aoi?e/iui ii ioiioaieth e iaiyoe,
a, cia/eo, e e niciaieth.

Niciaiea e ycue

Nouiinoue e aeaeu ycuea:

“sscue iiaeao auoue eae anoanoaaiiui, oae e eneonnoaaiiui. Iiae
anoanoaaiiui ycueii iiieiaaony ycue iianaaeiaaiie aeecie, neoaeauee
oi?iie au?aaeaiey iuneae e n?aaenoaii iauaiey iaaeaeo ethaeueie.
Eneonnoaaiiue ycue nicaeaaony ethaeueie aeey eaeeo-eeai oceeo
iio?aaiinoae. sscue – yaeaiea nioeeaeueiia. Ii naiae oeceieiae/aneie
iniiaa ycue aunooiaao, ii iiaieth i?ioanni?a E.I.Iaaeiaa, a ooieoeee
aoi?ie neaiaeueiie nenoaiu. sscueiaie ciae, aoaeo/e ii naiae oece/aneie
i?e?iaea oneiaiui ii ioiioaieth e oiio, /oi ii iaicia/aao, oai ia iaiaa
iaoneiaeai a eiia/iii n/aoa i?ioeannii iiciaiey ?aaeueiie
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. sscue yaeyaony n?aaenoaii oeene?iaaiey e nio?aiaiey
iaeiieaiiuo ciaiee e ia?aaea/e eo io iieieaiey e iieieaieth. Aeaaiaea?y
ycueo aiciiaeii nouanoaiaaiea e ?acaeoea aano?aeoiiai iuoeaiey. Iaee/ea
ycuea yaeyaony iaiaoiaeeiui eino?oiaioii iaiauathuae aeayoaeueiinoe
iuoeaiey. Iaeiaei ycue e iuoeaiea ia oiaeaeanoaaiiu. ?ac aicieeioa, ycue
yaeyaony ioiineoaeueii naiinoiyoaeueiui, iaeaaeay niaoeeoe/aneeie
caeiiaie, ioee/iuie io caeiiia iuoeaiey. Iiyoiio ia nouanoaoao
oiaeaeanoaa iaaeaeo iiiyoeai e neiaii, noaeaeaieai e i?aaeeiaeaieai e
o.ae. E oiio aea ycue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ii?aaeaeaiioth nenoaio,
(no?oeoo?o(, ni naiae aioo?aiiae i?aaiecaoeeae, aia eioi?ie iaeuecy
iiiyoue i?e?iaeo e cia/aiea ycueiaiai ciaea”.

Aaaaeue:

“sscue ?anniao?eaaaony eae i?iaeoeo eioaeeeaaioeee, ninoiyuee a oii,
/oiau aa i?aaenoaaeaiey i?iyaeyoue a iaeioi?ie aiaoiae noeoee”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Oaeei ia?acii, aeey Aaaaey ycue – yoi iauaeoeae?iaaiiia iuoeaiea. A
iaiin?aaenoaaiiii eiioaeoa n ie?ii i?e?iaeiuo yaeaiee /aeiaae iaoiaeeony
a ea/anoaa iuouathuaai nouanoaa eae noauaeo /oanoaaiiinoe. Auoiae a
iiin?aaeiaaiea, o.a. a ?aciuoeaiea, ?aoeaeneth aeinoeaaaony, niaeanii
Aaaaeth, eeoue ca n/ao aaaaeaiey iniaie, ciaeiaie i?aaeiaoiinoe, neia e
oa?ieiia, a eioi?uo oeene?oaony onoie/eainoue e anaiauaa niaea?aeaiea
/oanoaaiiuo aia/aoeaiee. Y.A.Eeueaieia aiai?ee, /oi a ycuea e aeaaiaea?y
aio nicaeaaony aoi?e/iue ieai iuoeaiey, caiauathuee enoiaeiue
/oanoaaiiue eiioaeo – iaiin?aaenoaaiiia acaeiiaeaenoaea iiciathuaai
noauaeoa e i?aaeiaoia i?e?iaeu.

Iaiiiceoeaenou:

“A 1940-50-o aa. a Aiaeee e a NOA aicieeei iai?aaeaiea a iaiiiceoeaecia
– eeiaaenoe/aneay oeeinioey. Iniiaaoaeyie e i?eaa?aeaioeaie yoiai
oa/aiey auee ?aee, Aeae.Inoei, Aeae.Oenaeii, I.Aeye, I.Iaeeieuei e ae?.
Iniiaiay aa eiioeaioeey oeeinioneiai aiaeeca anoanoaaiiiai ycuea aue
?ac?aaioai Aeae.Y.Io?ii ia aaca iicaeiaai o/aiey Aeoaaiooaeia, a
/anoiinoe, aai oai?ee ycueiaiai cia/aiey (eae oiio?aaeaiey(. A iniiaiii
?acaeaeyy e?eoe/aneoth (aioe-iaoaoece/aneoth( onoaiiaeo eiae/aneeo
iiceoeaenoia a ioiioaiee (o?aaeeoeeiiiuo( niiniaia oeeinionoaiaaiey,
i?aaenoaaeoaee eeiaaenoe/aneie oeeinioee ii-eiiio iauynieee i?e/eio
oeeinioneeo caaeoaeaeaiee, eioi?oth iie iaoiaeeee ia a niciaoaeueiie
yenieoaoaoeee (iaoaoeceeaie( iaoi/iinoae e aeaoniuneaiiuo oi?i
au?aaeaiey, a a naiie eiaeea ycuea, aai (aeoaeiiie a?aiiaoeea(,
ii?iaeaeathuae ia?aaeienaeueiua i?aaeeiaeaiey (oeia: “Eaeao aeiaeaeue,
ii y a yoi ia aa?th”) e anaaiciiaeiua eeiaaenoe/aneea (eiaooee(. N oi/ee
c?aiey Aeoaaiooaeia e iaeioi?uo aai iineaaeiaaoaeae ec Eaia?eaeaeneiai
oieaa?neoaoa, oeeinioneea caaeoaeaeaiey ono?aiythony iooai i?iyniaiey e
aeaoaeueiiai iienaiey anoanoaaiiuo (ia?aaeeaiaoe/aneeo) niinia
oiio?aaeaiey neia e au?aaeaiee, aeeth/aiey neia a i?aaie/anee i?enouea
ei eiioaenou /aeiaa/aneie eiiioieeaoeee ((ycueiaua ea?u(), aaaaeaiey a
ea/anoaa e?eoa?ey iniuneaiiinoe o?aaiaaiey, /oiau ethaia oiio?aaeyaiia
neiai i?aaeiieaaaei aiciiaeiinoue naiae aioeoacu, inouanoaeaiey
iiieiaeenoe/aneie e?eoeee oaiaeaioeee e oieoeeaoeee ?acee/iuo neo/aaa
oiio?aaeaiey e ae?. i?eaiia. I?e yoii a ioee/ea io eiae/aneeo
iiceoeaenoia, noi?iiieee eeiaaenoe/aneie oeeinioee ia i?ecuaaee e
(oniaa?oainoaiaaieth( anoanoaaiiiai ycuea ii ia?acoeo oi?iaeeciaaiiuo
eiae/aneeo ycueia eee ycueia iaoee. Iaeia ec oeie aeaiiiai iai?aaeaiey
?ac?aaioaea noaoai (oa?aiaaoe/aneoth( eioa?i?aoaoeeth oeaeae e caaea/
oeeinioee, naeeceaoenue a yoii ioiioaiee n ineoiaiaeecii. Ae?oaay a?oiia
eeiaaenoe/. oeeinioia – o.i. ienoi?aeneay oeiea (iauaeaiiiai ycuea( –
no?aieeanue i?aaeaea anaai e nicaeaieth iiceoeaiie eiioeaioeee ycueiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Eie auee ?ac?aaioaiu i?eaeiaeueiua eaeae, aaaaeao a
iai?io iiaue eaoaai?eaeueiue aiia?ao aeey aiaeeca ?a/aaie eiiioieeaoeee
(oai?ey (?a/aauo aeoia( Inoeia), iienaiey niiniaia oiio?aaeaiey
ineoieiae/aneeo iiiyoee (?aee), auyaeaiey (eiioeaiooaeueiie noaiu( ycuea
e iiciaiey (No?inii) e aiaeeca ii?aeueiue auneacuaaiee (?.Oe?)…”

Eaiioueaa A.I.:

“…[iu aeaoi?ie?oai ?acee/iua oaea e ii c?eoaeueii aini?eieiaaiie
aeaoi?iaoeee caeeth/aai ia eo ioiineoaeueiie oaa?aeinoe]. Eaey ii yoiio
iooe, iu iiaeai, aeaeaa, iino?ieoue oeaeo oaa?aeinoe oae e auaeaeeoue
oaeea iauaeoeaiua aaeeieoeu oaa?aeinoe, i?eiaiaiea eioi?uo niiniaii
aeaoue oi/iia e iacaaeneiia io iinoiyiii eieaaethueony ii?iaia iuouaiee
iiciaiea aeaiiiai naienoaa. Aeey yoiai, iaeiaei, iiuo i?aeoe/aneeo
aeaenoaee aeieaeai io?aaeaoueny a oaeie oi?ia, a eioi?ie eo
iiciaaaoaeueiue ?acoeueoao iiaeao cae?aieyoueny, iaiauaoueny e
ia?aaeaaaoueny ae?oaei ethaeyi. Oaeie oi?iie e yaeyaony neiai, ycueiaie
ciae. Ia?aiia/aeueii iiciaiea naienoa, iaaeinooiiuo
iaiin?aaenoaaiii-/oanoaaiiiio io?aaeaieth, yaeyaony iai?aaeiaia?aiiui
?acoeueoaoii aeaenoaee, iai?aaeaiiuo ia i?aeoe/aneea oeaee…
Iiciaaaoaeueiue ?acoeueoao oaeeo aeaenoaee, ia?aaeaaaynue a i?ioeanna
?a/aaiai iauaiey ae?oaei ethaeyi, aoiaeeo a nenoaio ciaiee,
ninoaaeythueo niaea?aeaiea niciaiey eieeaeoeaa, iauanoaa.

sscueiaay oi?ia au?aaeaiey e cae?aieaiey ?acoeueoaoia ia?aiia/aeueii
aiaoiai?aaeiaoiie iiciaaaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe nicaeaao oneiaea,
aeaaiaea?y eioi?iio a aeaeueiaeoai ioaeaeueiua caaiuey yoie
aeayoaeueiinoe iiaoo auiieiyoueny oaea oieueei a ?a/aaii, neiaaniii
ieaia. Oae eae ?a/aaie i?ioeann inouanoaeyao i?e yoii i?aaeaea anaai
iiciaaaoaeueioth ooieoeeth, a ia ooieoeeth iauaiey, oi aai
aiaoiacaoeiaay… noi?iia ana aieaa ?aaeooee?oaony, i?ienoiaeeo ia?aoiae
io a?iieie ?a/e e ?a/e (i?i naay(, (a oia( – e aioo?aiiae neiaaniie
iuneeoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe”.

Eiiiaioa?ee:

Ecaanoiue niaaoneee ineoieia A.I.Eaiioueaa a i?ioeeoe?iaaiiie noaouea
auneacuaaao naie acaeyae ia nouiinoue e i?e/eiu aicieeiiaaiey ycuea eae
nenoaiu oeenaoeee ?acoeueoaoia iuneeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia.

*anoue II. Ii?aaeaeaiey e e?eoeea

Iiiyoea e nouiinoue niciaiey

Niciaiea – yoi aunoay, naienoaaiiay eeoue /aeiaaeo oi?ia io?aaeaiey
iauaeoeaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, niinia aai ioiioaiey e ie?o e e naiiio
naaa, eioi?ue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aaeeinoai ineoe/aneeo i?ioeannia,
aeoeaii o/anoaothueo a iniuneaiee /aeiaaeii iauaeoeaiiai ie?a e naiaai
nianoaaiiiai auoey e ii?aaeaeyaony ia iaiin?aaenoaaiii aai oaeaniie
i?aaiecaoeeae (eae o aeeaioiuo), a i?eia?aoaaiuie oieueei /a?ac iauaiea
n ae?oaeie ethaeueie iaaueaie i?aaeiaoiuo aeaenoaee. Niciaiea ninoieo ec
/oanoaaiiuo ia?acia i?aaeiaoia, yaeythueony iuouaieai eee
i?aaenoaaeaieai e iiyoiio iaeaaeathueo cia/aieai e niuneii, ciaiey eae
niaieoiiinoe iuouaiee, caia/aoeaiiuo a iaiyoe, e iaiauaiee, nicaeaiiuo a
?acoeueoaoa aunoae ineoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, iuoeaiey e ycuea. Oaeei
ia?acii, niciaiea yaeyaony iniaie oi?iie acaeiiaeaenoaey /aeiaaea n
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth e oi?aaeaiey ath.

Ioiioaiea niciaiey e auoeth ia?acoao iniiaiie aii?in oeeinioee, eioi?ue
yaeyaony niaieoiiinoueth aeaoo yeaiaioia: iioieiae/aneiai (aii?in i
ia?ae/iinoe aeooa eee iaoa?ee) e aiinaieiae/aneiai (aii?in i
iiciaaaaiinoe ie?a).

ss i?eaea?aeeaathnue iaoa?eaeenoe/aneie oi/ee c?aiey ia i?e?iaeo e
nouiinoue niciaiey, eai, ii iiaio iiaieth, ethaia ?aoaiea aeaiiiai
aii?ina a eaeaaeenoe/aneii (e oai aieaa, a noauaeoeaii-eaeaaeenoe/aneii)
aeooa iaecaaaeii i?eaaaeao e nieeinecio. ?anniao?eaay “oai?eth iaua?u”
Ieaoiia, iiaeii caiaoeoue, /oi aai “ocieee” (noauaeou) iiaoo eeoue
aini?eieiaoue “oaie i?aaeiaoia” (iauaeoeae?iaaiiua eaeae), e noaiiaeony
iaiiiyoiui, eaeei ia?acii inouanoaeyaony “ia?aoiay naycue”, o.a. eaeei
ia?acii eiaeeaeaeooi niiniaai eciaiyoue aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue e niiniaai
ee ii e yoiio aiiaua. A naiii aeaea, anee “ociee” oaeaeeo (aa?iaa,
iuooeo) eoaoei a iaeiie ?o/eie e i?eaeaeaao e iaio aoi?oth, oi aiciiaeiu
aeaa aa?eaioa – eeai ecia/aeueii ca i?aaeaeaie “iaua?u” nouanoaotho ana
aiciiaeiua eaeae (oaia?ue oaiue aoaeao ioa?anuaaoue ae?oaie eoaoei, oaea
n aeaoiy ?o/eaie) eeai /aeiaa/aneia niciaiea e oai?/anoai iieiinoueth
aeaoa?ieie?iaaiu. Iianiinoue a?aie/auaai n oeeieciii nieeinenoe/aneiai
iiaeoiaea aeaeia ec i?ioeeoe?iaaiiiai a /anoe 1 ?anneaca Noaieneaaa
Eaia.

Oaeei ia?acii, anee a?aoue oa?iei “niciaiea” a oeeinioneii niunea eae
aeayoaeueiinoue noauaeoa, iai?aaeaiioth ia iiciaiea ie?oaeathuaai ie?a e
naay e au?aaioeo ioiioaiey e aeaiiui iauaeoai, oi iia aeeaea anaai oi/ea
c?aiey Aaeueaaoeey (ni. a /anoe 1), anee aea a?aoue iiiyoea niciaiey a
oeeinionei-ineoieiae/aneii niunea eae niaieoiiinue ?aciio?iaiaauo
ineoe/aneeo i?ioeannia, iaeiiiiiaioii iaoiaeyueony eeai a ninoiyiee
aeoeaiinoe, eeai ianneaiinoe, oi y i?eaea?aeeaathnue eiioeaioeee
Ceaioiaea O?aeaea, oae eae iia niaeanoaony n iieie yiie?e/aneeie
iaaethaeaieyie e iaeaieaa aeecea iiaio ie?iaicc?aieth.

Niciaoaeueiia e aanniciaoaeueiia

Aanniciaoaeueiia – eeai ?aoeaeoi?iia aianiciaoaeueiia aeaenoaea
(einoeieo, ?aoeaen, iiae aeiiicii, a ninoiyiee niiiaiaoeecia), ia
o/anoaothuea a niciaoaeueiii ioiioaiee noauaeoa e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe,
eeai iaicia/aiea iniaie iaeanoe ineoeee, nin?aaeioi/eaoae a naaa aa/iua
aea/aiey, iioeau, no?aieaiey, niune eioi?uo ii?aaeaeyaony einoeieoaie e
iaaeinooiai niciaieth. I/aaeaeii, /oi aeey iiieiaiey aanniciaoaeueiiai
eae oeeinioneie eaoaai?ee iai aaaeii eeoue aoi?ia cia/aiea yoiai
oa?ieia. Oioy, neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ia i?ioyaeaiee enoi?ee ?acaeoey
oeeinioneie iunee, yoe aeaa cia/aiey neeaaeenue e acaeiiiiaeiaiyeenue
(iai?eia?, i/aiue o?oaeii i?iaanoe iaaeaeo ieie a?aieoeo a ?aaioao
Aeaea?oa, O?aeaea e ae?.)

ss iaeiicia/ii i?eciath i?aaiia?iinoue oiio?aaeaiey oa?ieia
“aanniciaoaeueiia” a cia/aiea ?aoeaeoi?iiai iicuaa, aeaeaeaiey e o.ae.,
eai yoi yaeyaony onoiyaoaeny i?aeoeeie a ineoieiaee e ia eiaao i?yiiai
ioiioaiey e ?acae?aaiie oeeinioneie i?iaeaia. *oi aea anaaony aoi?iai
cia/aiey aeaiiiai iiiyoey, oi iii auei iaeaieaa nii?iui aii?inii ia
i?ioyaeaiee anae enoi?ee oeeinioee. Ii ?aniaaeaaony ia ?yae ioaeaeueiuo
i?iaeai:aeinoiaa?iinoue oai?ee “a?iaeaeaiiuo enoei”, nouiinoue
“aioo?aiiaai aieina” (ni. oeeoaoo i aeaiiiee Nie?aoa), i?e?iaea
eiooeoeee, nouanoaiaaiea ia?aieaeae eee ia?aieaeae (eae oi aeiioneaaony
a iauaeoeaiii eaeaaeecia), aii?in ia eaeaioe/iinoe aanniciaoaeueiiai o
?acee/iuo eiaeeaeaeooiia.

I?eaea?aeeaaynue iineaaeiaaoaeueii iaoa?eaeenoe/aneeo iiceoeee, y
ieeiaaea ia noaaee aii?in i i?eaieaiinoe aeey iiaai ie?iaicc?aiey
nouanoaiaaiey “ia?aieaeae” (a eeoea aaniethoiiai aeooa eee aea aiaa).
?oeiaiaenoaoynue iiaeiaiuie aea i?e/eiaie, y ioaa?aae e oai?eth
“a?iaeaeaiiuo enoei”. A naiii aeaea, /oiau enoeiu auee a?iaeaiiuie,
aeieaeiu nouanoaiaaoue aa/iua eaeae yoeo enoei – oaeei ia?acii ana
iiyoue oie?aaony a “ia?aieaeath”, oioy n ae?oaie noi?iiu, y i?eciath
“a?iaeaeaiiua enoeiu” a aeaea ai?ei?iuo eaoaai?ee, aeeceeo e eaioianeei.
Iaeiiaoe, aii?in ia eiooeoeee e “aioo?aiiai aieina” y n/eoath nei?aa
ineoieiae/aneei, iaaeaee oeeinioneei, e i?eaea?aeeaathnue caeanue oai?ee
O?aeaea, niaeanii eioi?ie aanniciaoaeueiia (a o./. eiooeoeey) yaeyaony
eaoaioiui (caauoui, caaeaaeaiiui) niciaoaeueiui.

Oaeei ia?acii, enoiaey ec auoaeceiaeaiiiai, y n/eoath, /oi
iineaaeiaaoaeueii iaoa?eaeenoe/aneia ?aoaiea i?iaeaiu aanniciaoaeueiiai
aiieia aiciiaeii, /oi auei iaiaeiie?aoii iieacaii a enoi?ee oeeinioee.

Niciaiea e iuoeaiea

Iuoeaiea – yoi i?ioeann ioia?aaeaiey iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoe,
ninoaaeythuee aunooth nooiaiue /aeiaa/aneiai iiciaiey. Iuoeaiea aeaao
ciaiea i nouanoaaiiuo naienoaao, naycyo e ioiioaieyo iauaeoeaiie
?aaeueiinoe, inouanoaeyao a i?ioeanna iiciaiey ia?aoiae “io yaeaiey e
nouiinoe”. A ioee/ea io iuouaiey e aini?eyoey, o.a. i?ioeannia
iaiin?aaenoaaiii-/oanoaaiiiai io?aaeaiey, iuoeaiea aeaao iai?yiia,
neiaeii iiin?aaeiaaiiia io?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Iuoeaiea oanii
naycaii n niciaieai e aanniciaoaeueiui, e aeaaiaea?y yoiio, iii
ia?aoiaeeo a?aieoeu iaiin?aaenoaaiii-/oanoaaiiiai iiciaiey e iicaieyao
/aeiaaeo iieo/aoue ciaiey i oaeeo naienoaao, i?ioeannao, naycyo, eioi?ua
ia iiaoo auoue aini?eiyou aai i?aaiaie /oanoa.

Iuoeaiea – yoi iaeia ec naiuo eioa?aniuo, iaeaieaa eco/aiiuo e iaeiaiaa
iiciaiiuo i?iaeai ineoieiaee e oeeinioee. A i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee
aeaiiie ?ac?aaioee y i?i/eoae “O?anoiiaoeth ii ineoieiaee” aeey
ineoieiae/aneiai oaeoeueoaoa IAO e caiaoee, /oi i?e ia?iiiii eiee/anoaa
auaeaeioouo oai?ee, ie iaeia ia niiniaia iauynieoue aei eiioea nouiinoue
iuoeaiey. ss oaaaeaeai a oii, /oi n oeeinioneie oi/ee c?aiey iuoeaiea
anoue ia i?inoi niaieoiiinoue iae?ioeceieiae/aneeo e ineoe/aneeo
i?ioeannia, a iaeay eanoieoea naiiniciaaaiey. Iuoeaiea, ii iiaio
iiaieth, yaeyaony ?aaeecaoeeae niciaiey, iaeiia?aiaiii aai ia/aeii e
caaa?oaieai. E?iia oiai, y n/eoath iaaa?iie iinooeao Ia?ena i
nioeeaeueiinoe iuoeaiey. Iii noaoai eiaeeaeaeoaeueii e yaioeaio?e/ii,
eai ia iiaeao auoue ioaee/iui ethaie i?ioeann naii?aaeecaoeee.
Aiaeiae/ii y iieaaath aaciaaeaaeii onoa?aaoae oai?eth annioeeaoeee, ia
i?eiaieioth a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo ec-ca eceeoiae oi?iuaiiinoe.

A aii?ina i nouiinoe iuoeaiey iia aeeaea anaai ianeieueei
eaeaaeenoe/aneay iiceoeey i?aaenoaaeoaeae o.i. ath?oeao?aneie oeieu (Ao,
Etheueia, Ianna? e ae?.). A ?aieao eiioeaioeee yoie oeieu iuoeaiea
?anniao?eaaaony eae iniaay aeooiaiay niiniaiinoue, au?aaeathuaynue a
i?ioaeaiee neiaeiuo aioo?aiieo iuneeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia, ianaiaeeiuo e
i?inoiio annioeee?iaaieth neiaaniuo iiiyoee e iiae/eiaiiuo
aeaoa?ieie?othuae oaiaeaioeee.

Niciaiea e iaiyoue

Iaiyoue – yoi niiniaiinoue i?aaiecia nio?aiyoue e aini?iecaiaeeoue
eioi?iaoeeth i aiaoiai ie?a e i naiai aioo?aiiai ninoiyiee aeey
aeaeueiaeoaai aa eniieueciaaiey a i?ioeanna aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe.
Iaiyoue naycuaaao yeaiaiou aeeciaiiiai iiuoa /aeiaaea a aaeeiia oeaeia,
yaeyaony iaeiie ec aaaeiaeoeo e iaiaoiaeeiuo i?aaeiinueie oi?ie?iaaiey
aai niciaiey e ee/iinoe. Ia?yaeo n iuouaieyie, iaiyoue yaeyaony aoi?ui
aaaeiaeoei ninoaaeythuei, iaiaoiaeeiui aeey eieoeeaoeee i?ioeanna
iuoeaiey.

Ca anth enoi?eth oeeinioee ia aicieeaei neieueei-ieaoaeue na?ueaciuo
?aciiaeanee ii aii?ino i nouiinoe e iacia/aiee iaiyoe. Ia/eiay n
aioe/iinoe, ana oeeiniou aaeeiiaeanii i?eciaaaee iaiyoue ooiaeaiaioii,
ia eioi?ii ceaeaeaony iuoeaiea, e aac eioi?iai ia auee au aiciiaeiu ie
iaiauaiea (ca ionoonoaeai iaeiieythueony aia/aoeaiee), ie ?annoaeaeaiea
(eai iaaiciiaeii iino?ieoue i?inoaeoaa ?annoaeaeaiea aac iaee/ey
iinooeaoia eee eiuo enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo), ie oiicaeeth/aiey. Iaeiaei a
oeeinioee Iiaiai a?aiaie aiciee aii?in i niiniaa o?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee a
iaiyoe (ni. eiiiaioa?ee e oeeoaoai Aeeae?i, Aaeueaaoeey e aea
Eiiaeeeueyea a /anoe 1) – ia?acotho ee oii?yaei/aiiua ii neea iuouaiey
o?iiieiae/aneoth iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue, nicaeaaay eeethceth oa/aiey
a?aiaie eee aea iai?ioea, enoaeoaa a?aiy ineaaeyao neeo iuouaiey.

Iia eaaeaony, /oi aaeeinoaaiii i?aaeeueiie iiaeii n/eoaoue aoi?oth oi/eo
c?aiey. A naiii aeaea, Yiiaioee Eaio ia neo/aeii aua?ae a?aiy eae
ia?aoth ec ai?ei?iuo eaoaai?ee. Aeaenoaeoaeueii, aicueiai a ea/anoaa
noauaeoa “noaooth” aea Eiiaeeeueyea. ?annoaeaeay i aa aini?eyoee, ii
i?eoiaeeo e i/aaeaeiaeoaio eiae/aneiio i?ioeai?a/eth: noaooy ia eiaao
iiiyoey i a?aiaie, ii, iaaeaeo oai, ii aiai?eo i oii, /oi iia aeaeeo
?acieoeo iaaeaeo iuouaieai, eioi?ia aeeeony a aeaiiue iiiaio e eioi?ia
oaea auei – eaeei aea ia?acii, ia eiay eaeae a?aiaie, iiaeii ioee/eoue
ianoiyuaa io i?ioeiai? Oioy iai, n aeaonoaa ainieoaiiui n eaeaae a?aiaie
eae /aoaa?oiai ecia?aiey, i/aiue o?oaeii naaa yoi i?aaenoaaeoue.

Iie auaiae: iaiyoue, iniiaaiiay ia o?iiieiae/aneii oii?yaei/aiee
iuouaiee, yaeyaony iniiaie iuoeaiey, a, neaaeiaaoaeueii, niciaiey,
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea /aio iiaeii iaeoe a o?oaeao iiiaeo oeeinioia.

Niciaiea e ycue

sscue – yoi ciaeiaay nenoaia ethaie oece/aneie i?e?iaeu, auiieiythuay
iiciaaaoaeueioth e eiiioieeaoeaioth ooieoeee a i?ioeanna /aeiaa/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe. sscue yaeyaony oi?iie nouanoaiaaiey e i?iyaeaiey
iuoeaiey e a oi aea a?aiy ea?aao cia/eoaeueioth ?ieue a oi?ie?iaaiee
niciaiey.

I?iaeaia ycuea n?aaieoaeueii iaaeaaii iiyaeeanue a oeeinioee, ii
enneaaeiaaoaee oaea ?acioeenue ai iiaieyo ii iiaiaeo aai nouiinoe.
Ia?aay iiceoeey, noi?ioee?iaaiiay aua Aaaaeai, caeeth/aaony a iiieiaiee
ycuea eae iauaeoeae?iaaiiiai iuoeaiey. Yoie oi/ee c?aiey
i?eaea?aeeaathnue e y. Aoi?ay iiceoeey, auaeaeiooay Ia?enii, a iicaeiaa
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiay i?aeoe/aneeie aeinoeaeaieyie eeiaaenoeee,
eeiaaeneo/aneiai aiaeeca, no?oeoo?aeecia, aa?iaiaaoeee, eeiaaenoe/aneie
oeeinioee e ae?., caeeth/aaony a ieaeaneaaeothuai: “…ycue, – ieoao
Ia?en, – i?aeoe/aneia, nouanoaothuaa e aeey ae?oaeo ethaeae e eeoue oai
naiui nouanoaothuaa oaeaea e aeey iaiy naiiai, aeaenoaeoaeueiia
niciaiea…”

ss i?aaeii/eoath i?eaea?aeeaaoueny aaaaeaaneie oi/ee c?aiey ia ycue eae
iauaeoeae?iaaiiia iuoeaiea, eai aeaiiia iiieiaiea ycuea ia eaeao a?ac?ac
n iiaaeoeie ineoieiae/aneeie enneaaeiaaieyie. Yoa iiceoeey aeiioneaao
iieioth iacaaeneiinoue iuoeaiey io ycuea, aiciiaeiinoue “ia-neiaiiai”,
“iaeaoaai?eaeueiiai” iuoeaiey, a oi a?aiy eae iiieiaiea ycuea a ea/anoaa
“ciaeiaiai ie?a” n iniauie caeiiaie iaeiicia/ii caeeth/aao iuoeaiea a
?aiee “ie?a oaenoia”. Iaaeaaii i?i/eoaiiay iiith ?aaioa i?io.Aa?iaa?aeoa
e Y.Noaina?a “Ia?aciia iuoeaiea” aiai?eo eiaiii i oii, /oi ycue aoi?e/ai
ii ioiioaieth e iuoeaieth, e ieeiei ia?acii ia ia?aeeaeai. A naiii
aeaea, ineoieiae aeaaii iieacaee, /oi iu iiaeai aeaeaei ia ana
au?aceoue neiaaie, iaeiaei iu iiaeai iiiyoue ethaia i?iecianaiiia
/aeiaaeii neiai.

Oaeei ia?acii, y n/eoath aania?niaeoeaiuie iai?aaeaiey, iiaeiaiua
eeiaaenoe/aneie oeeinioee, eai iaaiciiaeii eco/aoue caeiiu ycuea a
io?uaa io caeiiia iuoeaiey.

Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u

1. Oeeinioneee neiaa?ue. I.:Iieeoecaeao, 1987.

2. Ie? oeeinioee. I.,1991. *.1.

3. Enoi?ey oeeinioee a e?aoeii eceiaeaiee. I.:”Iuneue”, 1994

4. Aioieiaey ie?iaie oeeinioee. I.:1970. O.2.

5. Nia?aiaiiay caiaaeiay oeeinioey. I.:Iieeoecaeao, 1991.

6. I?iaeaia niciaiey a nia?aiaiiie caiaaeiie oeeinioee. I.:1989

7. Ieaoii. Ni/eiaiey a 3-o oo. I., 1971. O.3.

8. Aieei A.I. I?iaeaia aanniciaoaeueiiai a oeeinioee e eiie?aoiuo
iaoeao. Eeaa: “Aeua Oeiea”, 1978.

9. Aueiaa A.O. Aaaaeaaneia iiieiaiea iuoeaiey. I.:1990

10. O?anoiiaoey ii iauae ineoieiaee. Ineoieiaey iuoeaiey. 1981

11. Auneacuaaiey aaeeeeo. I.:”Iuneue”, 1993.

12. Eai N. Oi?ioea Eeioaoa?a. I.:”Ciaiea”, 1963.

Ieaoii. Ainoaea?noai // Ni/eiaiey a 3-o o. I.,1971. O.3. *.1. N.
318-323

Oeeo.ii: Enoi?ey oeeinioee a e?aoeii eceiaeaiee. I.:”Iuneue”, 1994.
N.372

Oeeo. ii: Ie? oeeinioee. I.:1991. *.1. N.419

Oeeo.ii: Aieei A.I. I?iaeaia aanniciaoaeueiiai a oeeinioee e eiie?aoiuo
iaoeao. Eeaa: “Aeua Oeiea”, 1978. N.47

Aieei A.I. I?iaeaia aanniciaoaeueiiai a oeeinioee e eiie?aoiuo iaoeao.
Eeaa: “Aeua Oeiea”, 1978. N.21

O?aeae C. ss e iii // Eca?aiiia. I., 1989. N.371-372

I?iaeaia niciaiey a nia?aiaiiie caiaaeiie oeeinioee. I.:1989. N. 7.

Eai N. Oi?ioea Eeioaoa?a. I.:”Ciaiea”, 1963. N. 15-17

Enoi?ey oeeinioee a e?aoeii eceiaeaiee. I.:”Iuneue”, 1994. N.20-21

Aieei A.I. I?iaeaia aanniciaoaeueiiai a oeeinioee e eiie?aoiuo iaoeao.
Eeaa: “Aeua Oeiea”, 1978. N.11

Ieaoii. Oaae? // Ni/eiaiey a 3-o o. I.,1971. O.2. N. 211

Eaeaieoe A. Iiaua iiuou i /aeiaa/aneii ?acoia. // Oeeo. ii: Aieei A.I.
I?iaeaia aanniciaoaeueiiai a oeeinioee e eiie?aoiuo iaoeao. Eeaa: “Aeua
Oeiea”, 1978. N.49

Eaio E. E?eoeea /enoiai ?acoia. Oeeo. ii: Enoi?ey oeeinioee a e?aoeii
eceiaeaiee. I.:”Iuneue”, 1994. N.477

Aieei A.I. I?iaeaia aanniciaoaeueiiai a oeeinioee e eiie?aoiuo iaoeao.
Eeaa: “Aeua Oeiea”, 1978. N.25

Oeeo.ii: Ie? oeeinioee. I.:1991. *.1. N.453

Oeeo. ii: Ie? oeeinioee. I.:1991. *.1. N.420

Oeeo. ii: Auneacuaaiey aaeeeeo. I.:”Iuneue”, 1993. N.157.

Eaeaieoe A. Iiaua iiuou i /aeiaa/aneii ?acoia. // Oeeo. ii: Aieei A.I.
I?iaeaia aanniciaoaeueiiai a oeeinioee e eiie?aoiuo iaoeao. Eeaa: “Aeua
Oeiea”, 1978. N.49

Oeeo.ii: Aueiaa A.O. Aaaaeaaneia iiieiaiea iuoeaiey. I.:1990. N.25

Oeeo. ii: Ie? oeeinioee. I.:1991. *.1. N.422

Oeeo.ii: Aieei A.I. I?iaeaia aanniciaoaeueiiai a oeeinioee e eiie?aoiuo
iaoeao. Eeaa: “Aeua Oeiea”, 1978. N.52

Oeeo. ii: Ie? oeeinioee. I.:1991. *.1. N.429

sscue // Oeeinioneee neiaa?ue. I.:Iieeoecaeao, 1987

Oeeo.ii: Aueiaa A.O. Aaaaeaaneia iiieiaiea iuoeaiey. I.:1990. N.78

Iaiiiceoeaeci. Eeiaaenoe/aneay oeeinioey. // Nia?aiaiiay caiaaeiay
oeeinioey. I.:Iieeoecaeao, 1991.

Eaiioueaa A.I. Iuoeaiea // O?anoiiaoey ii iauae ineoieiaee. Ineoieiaey
iuoeaiey. 1981

Aa?iaa?aeo O., Noaina? Yae. Ia?aciia iuoeaiea. I.:”Oaen”, 1994

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