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IEIENOA?NOAI IA?ACIAAIEss OE?AEIU

Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao Oe?aeiu

“Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo”

EAOAAe?A OEEINIOEE

?aoa?ao

ia oaio:

I?iaeaia enoeiu (iauaeoeaiinoue, ioiineoaeueiinoue, aaniethoiinoue,
eiie?aoiinoue enoeiu). E?eoa?ee enoeiu.

Auiieieea anie?aioea Iineaeaiei E.I.

Eeaa 1998 a.

Aeey oiai /oiau ?acia?aoueny a i?iaeaia enoeiu neaaeoao ?acia?aoueny a
aii?inao iiciaaaaiinoe ie?a, noaa?aiiinoe iuoeaiey, iooe, eioi?ue
i?ioiaeeo iaoa iuoeaiea ia iooe e aeinoeaeaieth enoeiu, o.a. aii?ina i
ia?aoiaea io aano?aeoiiai e eiie?aoiiio, aii?inao ioiioaiey aaniethoiie
e ioiineoaeueiie enoeiu.

Iniiaiie aii?in oeeinioee ia ioiioaiee iuoeaiey e auoeth, aeooa — e
i?e?iaea iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue e n ae?oaie noi?iiu, a eiaiii: a
ninoiyiee ee iaoa iuoeaiea iiciaaaoue aeaenoaeoaeueiue ie?, iiaeai ee iu
a iaoeo i?aaenoaaeaieyo e iiiyoeyo i aeaenoaeoaeueiii ie?a ninoaaeyoue
aa?iia io?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe? N?aaee ooaa?aeeoaeueii ioaa/athueo
ia yoio aii?in anoue ia oieueei iaoa?eaeenou, ii e oaeea eaeaaeenou eae
Aaaaeue, oieueei ii n/eoae aeaenoaeoaeueiue ie? inouanoaeaieai iaeiae
i?aaeaa/iie “aaniethoiie eaeae”, i?e/ai /aeiaa/aneee aeoo i?aaeeueii
iiciaaay aeaenoaeoaeueiue ie?, iiciaao a iai e /a?ac iaai “aaniethoioth
eaeath”. Ia?yaeo n iaoa?eaeenoaie e iineaaeiaaoaeueiuie eaeaaeenoaie
anoue e oaeea oeeiniou, eioi?ua inia?eaatho aiciiaeiinoue iiciaiey ie?a
eee oioy au en/a?iuaathuaai iiciaiey. E iei i?eiaaeeaaeao THi e Eaio,
eioi?ua i?eioeeieaeueii ioai?aaeeaatho “yaeaiey” io oiai, /oi yaeyaony,
iuouaiea io iuouaaiiai, aauue aeey ian io “aaue-a-naaa”.

A naiae ?aaioa “Iaoa?eaeeci e yiie?eie?eoeoeeci” [7] A.E. Eaiei
i?eaiaeeo o?e neaaeothueo aiinaieiae/aneeo auaiaea:

1) Nouanoaotho aaue iacaaeneii io iaoaai niciaiey, iacaaeneii io iaoaai
iuouaiey, aia ian.

2) ?aoeoaeueii ieeaeie i?eioeeieaeueiie ?acieoeu iaaeaeo yaeaieai e
aauueth a naaa iao e auoue ia iiaeao. ?acee/ea anoue i?inoi iaaeaeo oai,
/oi iiciaii, e oai, /oi aua ia iiciaii, a oeeinioneea eciuoeaiey ian/ao
iniauo a?aiae iaaeaeo oai e ae?oaei, ian/ao oiai, /oi aauue a naaa
iaoiaeeony “ii oo noi?iio” yaeaiee (Eaio), eee /oi iiaeii e aeieaeii
ioai?iaeeoueny eaeie-oi oeeinioneie ia?aai?iaeeie io aii?ina i
iaiiciaiiii aua a oie eee eiie /anoe, ii nouanoaothuai aia ian ie?a
(THi), — ana yoi ionoie acaei?, auaa?o, auaeoiea.

3) A oai?ee iiciaiey, eae e ai anao ae?oaeo iaeanoyo iaoee, neaaeoao
?annoaeaeaoue aeeaeaeoe/anee, o.a. ia i?aaeiieaaaoue aioiaui e
iaeciaiiui iaoa iiciaiea, a ?acae?aoue eaeei ia?acii ec iaciaiey
yaeyaony ciaiea, eaeei ia?acii iaiieiia, iaoi/iia ciaiea noaiiaeony
aieaa iieiui e aieaa oi/iui.

Ana iaoa?eaeenou i?eciatho iiciaaaaiinoue aauae a naaa. Iiciaiea
/aeiaaea io?aaeaao aaniethoioth enoeio, i?aeoeea /aeiaa/anoaa, i?iaa?yy
iaoe i?aaenoaaeaiey, iiaeoaa?aeaeaao a ieo oi, /oi niioaaonoaoao
aaniethoiie enoeia. Iaoa?eaeenou n/eoatho, /oi /oanoaa aeatho iai aa?iua
ecia?aaeaiey aauae, /oi iu ciaai naiua yoe aaue, /oi aiaoiee ie?
aicaeaenoaoao ia iaoe i?aaiu /oanoa.

Aeey iaoa?eaeenoa “oaeoe/anee aeai” aiaoiee ie?, ia?acii eiaai yaeythony
iaoe iuouaiey. Aeey eaeaaeenoa “oaeoe/anee aeaii” iuouaiea, i?e/ai
aiaoiee ie? iauyaeyaony “eiiieaenii iuouaiee”. Aeey aaiinoeea (thienoa)
“iaiin?aaenoaaiii aeaii” oiaea iuouaiea, ii aaiinoee ia eaeao aeaeueoa
ie e iaoa?eaeenoe/aneiio i?eciaieth ?aaeueiinoe aiaoiaai ie?a, ie e
eaeaaeenoe/aneiio i?eciaieth ie?a ca iaoa iuouaiea. Ec neia Yiaaeuena
aeaeii, /oi aeey iaoa?eaeenoa ?aaeueiia auoea eaaeeo ca i?aaeaeaie
“/oanoaaiiuo aini?eyoee”, aia/aoeaiee e i?aaenoaaeaiee /aeiaaea, aeey
aaiinoeea aea ca i?aaeaeu yoeo aini?eyoee auoiaeeoue iaaiciiaeii.

Iaeuecy auoue iaoa?eaeenoii, ia ?aoay ooaa?aeeoaeueii aii?in i
nouanoaiaaiee aauae aia iaoaai niciaiey, ii iiaeii auoue iaoa?eaeenoii
i?e ?acee/iuo acaeyaeao ia aii?in i e?eoa?ee i?aaeeueiinoe oao
ecia?aaeaiee, eioi?ua aeinoaaeytho iai /oanoaa.

Eaeay “o?ainoeaicona”, o.a. i?eioeeieaeueiie a?aie iaaeaeo yaeaieai e
aauueth a naaa, anoue acaei?iay eaeay aaiinoeeia e eaeaaeenoia. Yiaaeuen
a ?aaioa “Aioe-Aeth?eia”, [10] ieoao: ”Aeaenoaeoaeueiia aaeeinoai ie?a
ninoieo a aai iaoa?eaeueiinoe, a yoa iineaaeiyy aeieacuaaaony ia ia?ie
oieonie/aneeo o?ac, a aeeeiiui e o?oaeiui ?acaeoeai oeeinioee e
anoanoaiciaiey”. Iaoa?eaeenou ioaa?aatho, /oi nouanoaoao ia/oi “aia
/oanoaaiiiai ie?a”.

A ?aaioa Yiaaeuena “Aioe-Aeth?eia”, [10] ano?a/athony neaaeothuea
aii?inu: “Iiaoo ee i?iaeoeou /aeiaa/aneiai iiciaiey aiiaua e anee aea,
oi eaeea, eiaoue noaa?aiiia cia/aiea e aaconeiaiia i?aai ia enoeio?
Noaa?aiii ee /aeiaa/aneia iuoeaiea?” E ii aiai?eo, /oi i?aaeaea /ai
ioaaoeoue “aea” eee “iao” ia yoio aii?in, neaaeoao enneaaeiaaoue, /oi
aea oaeia /aeiaa/aneia iuoeaiea. Yoi ia anoue iuoeaiea ioaeaeueiiai
aaeeie/iiai /aeiaaea. Ii i?e yoii iii nouanoaoao oieueei eae
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia iuoeaiea iiiaeo ieeeea?aeia i?ioaaeoeo, ianoiyueo e
aoaeoueo ethaeae. Anee i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi iaiauaaiia a i?aaenoaaeaiee
iuoeaiea anao yoeo ethaeae, aeeth/ay e aoaeoueo, noaa?aiii, o.a. a
ninoiyiee iiciaoue nouanoaothuee ie?, iineieueeo /aeiaa/anoai aoaeao
nouanoaiaaoue aeinoaoi/ii aeieai e iineieueeo a naieo i?aaiao e iauaeoao
iiciaiey ia iinoaaeaiu a?aieoeu yoiio iiciaieth, — oi yoi aoaeao
aaiaeueii e aanieiaeii. Eai naiui oeaiiui ?acoeueoaoii iiaeiaiiai
auneacuaaiey auei au eeoue oi, /oi iii iano?ieei au ian e?aeia
iaaeiaa?/eai e iaoaio iuiaoiaio iiciaieth, oae eae iu, ii anae
aa?iyoiinoe, iaoiaeeiny aua ii/oe a naiii ia/aea /aeiaa/aneie enoi?ee, e
iieieaiey, eioi?ui i?eaeaony iii?aaeyoue ian, aoaeoo, iaaa?iia ai?acaei
iiiai/eneaiiaa oao iieieaiee, iiciaiey eioi?uo iu eiaai aiciiaeiinoue
iii?aaeyoue oaia?ue.

Ioaeii caiaoeoue, /oi niciaiea, a neaaeiaaoaeueii, oaeaea iuoeaiea e
iiciaiea iiaoo i?iyaeoueny oieueei a ?yaea ioaeaeueiuo nouanoa.
Iuoeaieth eaaeaeiai ec yoeo eiaeeaeaeia iiaeii i?eienaoue noaa?aiiinoue
eeoue iinoieueeo, iineieueeo ia ecaanoii ieeaeie aeanoe, eioi?ay iiaea
au ianeeuenoaaiii iaaycaoue aio, a caei?iaii e aiae?noaothuai ninoiyiee,
eaeoth-eeai iuneue. *oi aea eanaaony noaa?aiiiai cia/aiey iiciaiee,
aeinoeaioouo eaaeaeui eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui iuoeaieai, oi noaey ii anaio
iaoaio i?aaeiaio iiuoo, yoe iiciaiey anaaaea niaea?aeao a naaa ai?acaei
aieueoa yeaiaioia, aeiioneathueo oeo/oaiea, iaaeaee yeaiaioia, ia
ioaeaeathueony a iiaeiaiii oeo/oaiee, o.a. i?aaeeueiuo. E Yiaaeuen
i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi noaa?aiiinoue iuoeaiey inouanoaeyaony a ?yaea
ethaeae, iuneyueo /?acau/aeii ianoaa?aiii; iiciaiea, eiathuaa
aaconeiaiia i?aai ia enoeio, — a ?yaea ioiineoaeueiuo caaeoaeaeaiee; ie
oi, ie ae?oaia ia iiaeao auoue inouanoaeaii iieiinoueth, eia/a eae i?e
aaneiia/iie i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe aeecie /aeiaa/anoaa. Caeanue niiaa
ano?a/aaony auoaoeacaiiia i?ioeai?a/ea iaaeaeo oa?aeoa?ii /aeiaa/aneiai
iuoeaiey, i?aaenoaaeythueiny iai a neeo iaiaoiaeeiinoe aaniethoiui, e
inouanoaeaieai aai a ioaeaeueiuo ethaeyo, iuneyueo ia?aie/aiii. Yoi
i?ioeai?a/ea iiaeao auoue ?ac?aoaii oieueei a aaneiia/iii
iinooiaoaeueiii aeaeaeaiee, a oaeii ?yaea iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo
/aeiaa/aneeo iieieaiee, eioi?ue, aeey ian ii e?aeiae ia?a, ia i?aeoeea
aaneiia/ai. A yoii niunea /aeiaa/aneia iuoeaiea noieue aea noaa?aiii,
eae ianoaa?aiii, e aai niiniaiinoue iiciaaaiey noieue aea iaia?aie/aiia,
eae ia?aie/aiia. Noaa?aiii e iaia?aie/aiii ii naiae i?e?iaea,
i?ecaaieth, aiciiaeiinoe, enoi?e/aneie eiia/iie oeaee; ianoaa?aiii e
ia?aie/aiii ii ioaeaeueiiio inouanoaeaieth, ii aeaiiie a oi eee eiia
a?aiy aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Ae?oaeie neiaaie iiaeiyoua Yiaaeuenii aii?inu iiaeii ia?ao?ace?iaaoue
neaaeothuei ia?acii: nouanoaoao ee iauaeoeaiay enoeia, o.a. iiaeao ee a
/aeiaa/aneeo i?aaenoaaeaieyo auoue oaeia niaea?aeaiea, eioi?ia ia
caaeneo io noauaeoa, ia caaeneo ie io /aeiaaea, ie io /aeiaa/anoaa? Anee
aea, oi iiaoo ee /aeiaa/aneea i?aaenoaaeaiey, au?aaeathuea iauaeoeaioth
enoeio, au?aaeaoue aa n?aco, oeaeeeii, aaconeiaii, aaniethoii eee aea
oieueei i?eaeeceoaeueii, ioiineoaeueii? Yoio aoi?ie aii?in anoue aii?in
i niioiioaiee enoeiu aaniethoiie e ioiineoaeueiie.

Anoanoaiciaiea ia iicaieyao niiiaaaoueny a oii, /oi aai ooaa?aeaeaiea
nouanoaiaaiey caiee aei /aeiaa/anoaa anoue enoeia. N iaoa?eaeenoe/aneie
oai?eae iiciaiey yoi aiieia niaianoeii: nouanoaiaaiea iacaaeneiiai io
io?aaeathueo io?aaeaaiiai (iacaaeneiinoue io niciaiey aiaoiaai ie?a)
anoue iniiaiay iinueea iaoa?eaeecia. Ooaa?aeaeaiea anoanoaiciaiey, /oi
caiey nouanoaiaaea aei /aeiaa/anoaa, anoue iauaeoeaiay enoeia.

Iau/ii enoeio ii?aaeaeytho eae niioaaonoaea ciaiey iauaeoo — yoi
“eeanne/aneay” eiioeaioeey enoeiu. Enoeia — yoi aaeaeaaoiay eioi?iaoeey
ia iauaeoa, iieo/aaiay iin?aaenoaii aai /oanoaaiiiai eee
eioaeeaeooaeueiiai iinoeaeaiey eeai niiauaiey i iai e oa?aeoa?ecoaiay n
oi/ee c?aiey aa aeinoiaa?iinoe. Oaeei ia?acii, enoeia nouanoaoao eae
noauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue a aa eioi?iaoeeiiiii e oeaiiinoiii aniaeoao.
Oeaiiinoue ciaiey ii?aaeaeyaony ia?ie aai enoeiiinoe.

Ia?enenoneay aiinaieiaey nouanoaaiii iaiaaoeea iaoa?eaeenoe/aneee
aa?eaio eeanne/aneie eiioeaioeee. Aeaeueiaeoaa aa ?acaeoea eeanneeaie
ia?enecia ninoiyei i?aaeaea anaai a iainiiaaiee iauaeoeaiiai oa?aeoa?a
enoeiu, eioi?ue ii?aaeaeyaony iauaeoeaiinoueth iaoa?eaeueiiai ie?a.
Eiia/ii, enoeia ia nouanoaoao aia /aeiaa/aneiai iiciaiey, e a yoii
niunea iia caaeneo io noauaeoa iiciaiey. Iaeiaei niioaaonoaea e
ianiioaaonoaea ?acoeueoaoia iiciaaaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna noi?iiai e
naienoaai iaoa?eaeueiiai ie?a ii?aaeaeyaony iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoueth.
Oai?/aneia aiia?aaeaiea n iiiiuueth eiioeaiooaeueiuo n?aaenoa nicaeaao
?aciiia?aciua ea?oeiu ?aaeueiinoe, ii /oi a yoeo ea?oeiao enoeiii, a /oi
— eiaeii oaea ia caaeneo ie io ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea, ie io anaai
/aeiaa/anoaa. E a yoii niunea enoeia iauaeoeaia. Ioaeaeueiua ethaee e
aeaaea oeaeua ia?iaeu iiaoo oaeaeaoueny iaeioi?ie aeieo?eiie, aa?eoue a
iaa e no?noii aeaeaoue, /oiau aanue ie? n/eoae aa ca enoeio, ii, anee
iia ia niioaaonoaoao ?aaeueiiio iieiaeaieth aauae, iia aoaeao iauaeoeaii
eiaeia e ?aii eee iicaeii iaia?oaeeony. I?eciaiea iauaeoeaiiai oa?aeoa?a
enoeiu — iaeii ec i?eioeeieaeueiuo ioee/ee ia?enenoneie oai?ee enoeiu io
i?aaiaoenoneie oai?ee.

Oaeei ia?acii, enoeio ii?aaeaeytho eae aaeaeaaoiia io?aaeaiea iauaeoa
iiciathuei noauaeoii, aini?iecaiaeyuae ?aaeueiinoue oaeie, eaeay iia
anoue naia ii naaa, aia e iacaaeneii io niciaiey. Enoeia anoue
aaeaeaaoiia io?aaeaiea ?aaeueiinoe a aeeiaieea aa ?acaeoey. A.E. Eaiei a
?aaioa “Oeeinioneea oao?aaee”, [8] ienae: “Iaiiaeaeaeiia oiaeaeanoai,
eiathuaa naith i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue a ?acee/ee, ia?auaaony a
iaeiinoi?iiithth ii?aaeaeaiiinoue, eioi?ay eae oaeiaay eeoaia enoeiiinoe
e niaea?aeeo eeoue oi?iaeueioth, aano?aeoioth, iaiieioth enoeio.” A
iiciaiea anoue aa/iia, aaneiia/iia i?eaeeaeaiea iuoeaiey e iauaeoo.
Io?aaeaiea i?e?iaeu a iunee /aeiaaea iaaei iiieiaoue ia “aano?aeoii”, ia
aac aeaeaeaiey, ia aac i?ioeai?a/ee, a a aa/iii i?ioeanna aeaeaeaiey,
aicieeiiaaiey i?ioeai?a/ee e ?ac?aoaiey eo.

*aeiaa/anoai ?aaeei aeinoeaaao enoeiu eia/a, eae /a?ac e?aeiinoe e
caaeoaeaeaiey. Caaeoaeaeaiea – yoi niaea?aeaiea niciaiey, ia
niioaaonoaothuaa ?aaeueiinoe, ii i?eieiaaiia ca enoeiiia. Caaeoaeaeaiey
oiaea io?aaeatho, i?aaaea iaeiinoi?iiia, iauaeoeaioth
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, eiatho ?aaeueiue enoi/iee. A ethaii auiunea
niaea?aeaony ieoe ?aaeueiinoe. Caaeoaeaeaiey iaoneiaeaiu e
ioiineoaeueiie naiaiaeie auai?a iooae iiciaiey, neiaeiinoueth ?aoaaiuo
i?iaeai, no?aieaieai e ?aaeecaoeee caiuneia a neooaoeee iaiieiie
eioi?iaoeee. Eoae caaeoaeaeaiey eiatho e aiinaieiae/aneia e
ineoieiae/aneea, e nioeeaeueiia iniiaaiey.

Eiaaea ioiineoaeueiay enoeia noaiiaeony caaeoaeaeaieai? Eiaaea
iiyaeyaony iiaay oai?ey, eioi?ay iiiiaaao iai oaeaeaoue ianiaa?oainoaa
noa?ie. Anee acaeyiooue ia yoo neooaoeeth n oi/ee c?aiey
oi?iaeueii-iaoiaeieiae/aneiai iiaeoiaea, oi iu oaeaeei neaaeothuaa:
iiyaeeanue iiaay oai?ey e auea i?eciaia enoeiiie; noa?ay oai?ey
ieacaeanue ii?iaa?aiooie e eaaeeoeoee?oaony eae eiaeue. Oaeei ia?acii,
iainiiaaiea eiaeiinoe iaeioi?ie oai?ee e i?aa?auaiea aa a caaeoaeaeaiea
— yoi iaeei e oio aea i?ioeann, iienuaaaiue n ?aciuo oi/ae c?aiey. I?e
yoii noaiiaeony niaa?oaiii i/aaeaeiui, /oi caaeoaeaeaiea ia iiaeao
ea?aoue i?ia?anneaiie ?iee a iiciaiee. Caueuaoue caaeoaeaeaiea — cia/eo
aunooiaoue i?ioea enoeiu.

Iao/iia iiciaiea ii naiae nooe iaaiciiaeii aac noieeiiaaiey ?acee/iuo
iiaiee, oaaaeaeaiee, oaeaea eae iaaiciiaeii e aac ioeaie. Ioeaee
ia?aaeei niaa?oathony a oiaea iaaethaeaiey, ecia?aiey, ?an/aoia,
noaeaeaiee, ioeaiie. “Aei oao ii? iiea /aeiaae no?aieony aia?aae ii
aeoaeaeaao,” — aiai?ee Aaoa. Enoeia e caaeoaeaeaiea, iiaeiaii anai
eiae/aneei eaoaai?eyi, aeaeaeoueiny a iiey?iuo i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoyo,
eiatho aaniethoiia cia/aiea oieueei a i?aaeaeao /?acau/aeii ia?aie/aiiie
iaeanoe. Eae oieueei i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue enoeiu e caaeoaeaeaiey noaioo
i?eiaiyoue aia a?aieoe auoaoeacaiiie oceie iaeanoe, oae yoa
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue naeaeaaony ioiineoaeueiie e, neaaeiaaoaeueii,
iai?eaiaeiie aeey oi/iiai iao/iiai niiniaa au?aaeaiey. A anee
iiiuoaoueny i?eiaieoue yoo i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue aia i?aaeaeia oeacaiiie
iaeanoe eae aaniethoioth, oi iaa iiethna i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoe i?aa?aoyony
eaaeaeue a naith i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue, o.a. enoeia noaiao caaeoaeaeaieai,
caaeoaeaeaiea — enoeiie.

Enoeia enoi?e/ia. Iiiyoea eiia/iie eee iaeciaiiie enoeiu — anaai eeoue
i?ec?ae. Ethaie iauaeo iiciaiey — iaen/a?iaai, ii iaiyaony, iaeaaeaao
iiiaeanoaii naienoa e naycai aaneiia/iui /eneii naycae n ie?oaeathuei
ie?ii. Eaaeaeay nooiaiue iiciaiey ia?aie/aia o?iaiai ?acaeoey iauanoaa,
iaoee… Iao/iua ciaiey iiyoiio iinyo ioiineoaeueiue oa?aeoa?.
Ioiineoaeueiinoue ciaiee caeeth/aaony a eo iaiieiioa e aa?iyoiinoiii
oa?aeoa?a. Enoeia iiyoiio ioiineoaeueia, eai iia io?aaeaao iauaeo ia
iieiinoueth, ia en/a?iuaathuei ia?acii. Ioiineoaeueiay enoeia anoue
ia?aie/aiii-aa?iia ciaiea i /ai-eeai. Aaniethoiay enoeia — yoi oaeia
niaea?aeaiea ciaiey, eioi?ia ia ii?iaa?aaaony iineaaeothuei ?acaeoeai
iaoee, a iaiaauaaony e iinoiyiii iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony aeeciueth.
Aaniethoiay enoeia ia caaeneo io a?aiaie, i?ino?ainoaa e enoi?e/aneiai
?acaeoey /aeiaa/anoaa. “*oiau oi/iaa iiciaoue i?e?iaeo aaniethoiie
enoeiu, i?aaeaea anaai iaiaoiaeeii i?aiaeieaoue oei?aieaoeeny
i?aae?annoaeie, aoaeoi iia aeooiaiiai naienoaa. Iao, aaniethoioth enoeio
iu iiaeai aeaeaoue, neuoaoue, iaiiyoue, inycaoue, ianiiiaiii oaeaea
iiciaaaoue, ii iia ia aoiaeeo oeaeeeii a iiciaiea, iia ia anoue /enoue
aeoo. Aa i?e?iaea ie oaeania, ie aeooiaia, ie oi, ie ae?oaia, — iia
anaiauaiethua, iia eae oaeania, oae e aeooiaia. Anaiauay anoanoaaiiay
i?e?iaea e aaniethoiay enoeia oiaeaeanoaaiiu. *aeiaa/aneia iiciaiea,
aoaeo/e naii ioiineoaeueiie enoeiie, naycuaaao ian n ae?oaeie yaeaieyie
e ioiioaieyie aaniethoiiai auoey. Enoeia — yoi niaiaaeaiea iaoaai
iiciaiey n i?aaeiaoii iiciaiey. “ — eae ioia/ae a “Oeeinioneeo
oao?aaeyo”, [8] A.E. Eaiei.

Iauaeoeaiay enoeia yaeyaony niaea?aeaieai ciaiey /aeiaaea
(/aeiaa/anoaa). Yoei niaea?aeaieai ciaiee a eiia/iii n/aoa yaeyaony
iauaeoeaiay aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, eioi?ay naia ii naaa aac noauaeoa
iiciaiey aua ia enoeia, a i?inoi iauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue. Anyeay
iiiuoea ecaaaeoueny io oaeie i?ioeai?a/eainoe, ioaeaoue i?aaeii/oaiea
iaeiie ec noi?ii — iauyaeoue, /oi iauaeoeaiay enoeia — yoi iauaeoeaiay
?aaeueiinoue eee — enoeia yoi ciaiea, io?aaeaiea aoaeao iaiii?aaeiie
ioeaeie.

Anee ?anniio?aoue aeaa neaaeothueo ii?aaeaeaiey:

1. Iauaeoeaiay enoeia — yoi oaeia niaea?aeaiea iaoeo i?aaenoaaeaiee,
eioi?ia ia caaeneo io /aeiaaea e /aeiaa/anoaa;

2. Iauaeoeaiay enoeia — yoi oaeea i?aaenoaaeaiey, niaea?aeaiey eioi?uo
ia caaenyo io /aeiaaea e /aeiaa/anoaa;

oi ec ieo eiaiii ia?aia yaeyaony i?aaeeueiui n oi/ee c?aiey
iaoa?eaeenoa, iineieueeo ai aoi?ii iiae?acoiaaaaony iaee/ea ioee/ey
iaaeaeo yaeaieai e aauueth a naaa. A a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe iaaeaeo
aauueth a naaa e yaeaieai iao ioee/ey, yoi aeeaeaeoe/aneia aaeeinoai
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae. Iaaei neacaoue, /oi iauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue
oieueei oiaaea noaiiaeony niaea?aeaieai iaoeo i?aaenoaaeaiee, eiaaea iia
noaiiaeony iaoei ciaieai e eciaiyaony iaie ii iauanoaaiiiio
oeaeaiieaaaieth. Aauue aeieaeia ia?anoaoue auoue niaie, /oiau noaoue
niaea?aeaieai iaoaai ciaiey. Cia/eo, niaea?aeaiea iaoeo ciaiee — yoi e
anoue aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, iauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue. I?e yoii iaoe
ciaiey iinoiyiii eciaiythony, aeiiieiythony, iaoiaeyony a ?acaeoee, ii
ii ia?a ?acaeoey ciaiey, iiiaio aaniethoiinoe ciaiey nio?aiyaony.

A enoeia iu io/aoeeai aeaeei, eae oi aea naiia iauaeoeaiia, ia
ia?anoaaay auoue iauaeoeaiui, aianoa n oai ia nouanoaoao aac oiai, /oiau
ia auoue niaea?aeaieai ciaiey e, niioaaonoaaiii, niaea?aeaieai iuneaiiie
oi?iu. E yoi iiiyoii, anee iauaeoeaioth enoeio iiieiaoue ia eae i?inoi
ciaiea, niaea?aeaiea eioi?iai ia caaeneo io /aeiaaea e /aeiaa/anoaa, a
eae niaea?aeaiea ciaiey, ia caaeneiia io /aeiaaea e /aeiaa/anoaa, e
iiiieoue, /oi enoeia ia noieueei ?acoeueoao aeayoaeueiinoe iuoeaiey,
neieueei ?acoeueoao iuoeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe. Eiaiii enoeia e anoue oi?ia
?ac?aoaiey i?ioeai?a/ee (aa?iaa aaneiia/ii ?ac?aoathueony i?ioeai?a/ee)
iaaeaeo /aeiaaeii (iauanoaaiiui, aeayoaeueiui /aeiaaeii, /aeiaa/anoaii)
eae noauaeoii e iauaeoeaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth. Enoeia iioiio e
aunooiaao eae i?ioeann, /oi iia aaneiia/ii ?ac?aoathuaany i?ioeai?a/ea.
Yoi iineaaeiaa iaoei naia au?aaeaiea a oii, /oi enoeia a eaaeaeue
aeaiiue iiiaio anoue ioiineoaeueii-aaniethoiay enoeia, a ia aaniethoii
aaniethoiay. Ii aianoa n oai oi, /oi iinoiyiiia ?ac?aoaiea i?ienoiaeeo
iaaeaeo noauaeoii e iauaeoii, iaoiaeeo naia au?aaeaiea a oii, /oi enoeia
aunooiaao eae iauaeoeaiay enoeia. Yoei aea iauyniyaony aaniethoiinoue
enoeiu. (Ia neo/aeii iai?eciaiea aaniethoiie enoeiu aaaeao e
iai?eciaieth iauaeoeaiie.)

“*aeiaa/aneia iuoeaiea, — eae aiai?eo A.E.Eaiei a ?aaioa [7], — ii naiae
i?e?iaea niiniaii aeaaaoue e aeaao iai aaniethoioth enoeio, eioi?ay
neeaaeuaaaony ec noiiu ioiineoaeueiuo enoei”. Oa?iei aaniethoiia
i?eiaieii e e ethaie ioiineoaeueiie enoeia: iineieueeo iia iauaeoeaia,
oi a ea/anoaa iiiaioa niaea?aeeo ia/oi aaniethoiia. E a yoii niunea
ethaay enoeia aaniethoii-ioiineoaeueia. ?acaeoea ethaie enoeiu anoue
ia?aueaaiea iiiaioia aaniethoiiai. Iiaua oai?ee yaeythony aieaa iieiuie
e aeoaieeie ii n?aaiaieth n i?aaeuaeoueie. Ii iiaua enoeiu ia
na?anuaatho iiae ioein enoi?ee noa?ua, a aeiiieiytho, eiie?aoece?otho
eee aeeth/atho eo a naay eae iiiaiou aieaa iaueo e aeoaieeo enoei.
(Oai?ey ioiineoaeueiinoe Yeiooaeia e Iuethoiiianeay iaoaieea). I?aaeaeu
enoeiu eaaeaeiai iao/iiai iieiaeaiey ioiineoaeueiu: iie oi
?acaeaeaathony, oi noaeeaathony aeaeueiaeoei ?inoii ciaiey. Aeey
aeeaeaeoe/aneiai iaoa?eaeecia ia nouanoaoao iaia?aoiaeeiie a?aie iaaeaeo
aaniethoiie e ioiineoaeueiie enoeiie. N oi/ee c?aiey nia?aiaiiiai
iaoa?eaeecia i?aaeaeu i?eaeeaeaiey ciaiee e iauaeoeaiie aaniethoiie
enoeia enoi?e/anee oneiaiu, ii i?e yoii aaconeiaii nouanoaiaaiea oaeie
enoeiu e aaconeiaii oi, /oi /aeiaa/anoai i?eaeeaeaaony e iae.
“Niaa?oaiiia iauanoai, niaa?oaiiia “ainoaea?noai”, — ii iiaieth
O.Yiaaeuena, — yoi aaue, eioi?ua iiaoo nouanoaiaaoue oieueei a
oaioacee.” [E.Ia?en, O.Yiaaeuen “Eca?aiiua ni/eiaiey a aeaoo oiiao”, o.
2, n.343] Eiiioieci oai e yaeyaony iaeaieaa niaa?oaiiui iauanoaii, /oi
ii ia i?aoaiaeoao ia aaniethoiia, ieii/aoaeueiia niaa?oainoai, a
yaeyaony iinoiyiii niaa?oainoaothueiny iauanoaii. Ae?oaeie neiaaie,
enoi?e/anee oneiaia anyeay eaeaieiaey, ii aaconeiaii oi, /oi anyeie
iao/iie eaeaieiaee niioaaonoaoao iauaeoeaiay enoeia. Aeeaeaeoe/aneay
oeeinioey ?ac?ooaao ana i?aaenoaaeaiey ia ieii/aoaeueiie aaniethoiie
enoeia e niioaaonoaothueo ae aaniethoiuo ninoiyiee /aeiaa/anoaa… Aeey
aeeaeaeoe/aneie oeeinioee iao ie/aai ?ac iaanaaaea onoaiiaeaiiiai,
aaconeiaiiai nayoiai. Ia anai e ai anai aeaeeo iia ia/aoue iaecaaaeiiai
iaaeaiey, e ie/oi ia iiaeao onoiyoue ia?aae iae, e?iia iai?a?uaiiai
i?ioeanna aicieeiiaaiey e oie/oiaeaiey. N oi/ee c?aiey aeeaeaeoeee e
enoeia iaiaoiaeeii iiaeoiaeeoue eae e iai?a?uaii ?acaeaathuaiony
i?ioeanno. I?e yoii iaiaoiaeeii ?acee/aoue ?aeyoeaeci, eioi?ue aunooiay
a ea/anoaa iniiau iiciaiey, yaeyaony ia oieueei i?eciaieai
ioiineoaeueiinoe iaoeo ciaiee, ii e io?eoeaao eaeoth au oi ie auei
iauaeoeaioth, iacaaeneii io /aeiaa/anoaa nouanoaothuoth, ia?o, e eioi?ie
i?eaeeaeaaony iaoa ioiineoaeueiia iiciaiea. Anee ie? anoue aa/ii
aeaeaeouayny e ?acaeaathuayny iaoa?ey, eioi?oth io?aaeaao ?acaeaathuaany
/aeiaa/aneia niciaiea, oi n oi/ee c?aiey aeeaeaeoe/aneiai iaoa?eaeecia
?a/ue eaeao i niioaaonoaee iaaeaeo io?aaeathuei i?e?iaeo niciaieai e
io?aaeaaiie niciaieai i?e?iaeie.

Eiie?aoiinoue — yoi naienoai enoeiu, iniiaaiiia ia ciaiee ?aaeueiuo
naycae, acaeiiaeaenoaey anao noi?ii iauaeoa, aeaaiuo, nouanoaaiiuo
naienoa, oaiaeaioeee aai ?acaeoey. Oae enoeiiinoue eee eiaeiinoue oao
eee eiuo noaeaeaiee ia iiaeao auoue onoaiiaeaia anee ia ecaanoiu oneiaey
ianoa, a?aiaie, a eioi?uo iie noi?ioee?iaaiu. Noaeaeaiea, aa?ii
io?aaeaao iauaeo a aeaiiuo oneiaeyo, noaiiaeony eiaeiui ii ioiioaieth e
oiio aea iauaeoo a eiuo ianoiyoaeuenoaao.

Aaaeii iiiyoue, /oi ia iu naiei iiciaieai aeaeaai, nicaeaai aaeeie/iia,
a iaia?oaeeaaai aa a naiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, /oi aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue
yaeyaony aeeaeaeoe/aneei aaeeinoaii i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae, iiiaiia?aceai
aaeeie/iuo noi?ii. Naia aauue i?e anae naiae aioo?aiiae i?ioeai?a/eainoe
(aaeeinoai oiai, /oi iia anoue e oiai, /oi iia ia anoue) i?aaenoaao
ia?aae iaie i?aaeaea anaai oieueei eae oi, /oi iia anoue. Oaea yoei
iieo/aai iaeiinoi?iiiinoue. Ae?oaeie neiaaie yoi iiaeii auei au iacaaoue
au?uaaieai aaue ec anaiaueo naycae.

Enoi/ieeii iaoeo ciaiee yaeythony iuouaiey, a eioi?uo /aeiaaeo aeaaony
iauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue (iacaaeneiue io /aeiaaea iauaeoeaiue enoi/iee
iuouaiee), o.a. iuouaiey nooue ia?acu oae aiaoiaai ie?a. E anee au
i?eciaaoa, /oi enoi/ieeii aini?eyoey yaeyaony iauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue,
oi au iaoa?eaeeno. Aeey iaoa?eaeenoa ie? aiaa/a e aeeaaa, /ai ii
eaaeaony, iineieueeo n eaaeaeui iiaui oaaii a ?acaeoee iaoee a iai
ioe?uaathony iiaua noi?iiu. Aeey iaoa?eaeenoa e?iia iauaeoeaiie
?aaeueiinoe iao e ia iiaeao auoue ae?oaie ?aaeueiinoe. *oanoaaiiia
iiciaiea naii ia ane?uaaao nouiinoe, ii iaania/eaaao ana, /oi
iaiaoiaeeii aeey iinoeaeaiey aa oai?aoe/aneei iuoeaieai. Oai?aoe/aneia
iuoeaiea, eiay aeaei n oai, /oi aio “iinoaaeyao” /oanoaaiiia iiciaiea,
iiaeaa?aay oaea yoi ia?aia iiiyoea io?eoeaieth e ?acaeaiaieth,
“ecaeaeaao” yoo aoi?oth noi?iio ec ia?aie. Caoai, onoaiiaea oiaeaeanoai
yoeo ?acaeaiaiiuo i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae (/oi inouanoaeyaony oai aea naiui
io?eoeaieai, eioi?ia a aeeaeaeoe/aneii niunea anoue naycue, aaeeinoai),
iii i?eoiaeeo e ioiaeaeanoaeaieth oaea yoiai iieo/aiiiai aioo?aiia
i?ioeai?a/eaiai ciaiey, enoeiu n aeaenoaeoaeueiui iieiaeaieai aauae a
naiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, n aai aioo?aiiei oiaeaeanoaii
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae.

Eaaeaeue iauaeo ia?yaeo n iaueie /a?oaie iaaeaeai e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie
iniaaiiinoyie. A neeo yoiai, ia?yaeo n iaiauaiiui iaiaoiaeei e
eiie?aoiue iiaeoiae e iauaeoo: iao aano?aeoiie enoeiu, iia anaaaea
eiie?aoia. Enoeiiu ee e i?eia?o i?eioeeiu eeanne/aneie iaoaieee? Aea, ii
a ii?aaeaeaiiuo i?aaeaeao. E oae aeey ethaie enoeiu.

Oaea a iaoiaeieiae/aneii “aaaaeaiee” (1857 a.) Ia?en ii?aaeaeee “iaoiae
ainoiaeaeaiey io aano?aeoiiai e eiie?aoiiio” eae oio i?aaeeueiue — eai
aaeeinoaaiii aiciiaeiue — niinia iuoeaiey, eioi?ui inouanoaeyaony
oai?aoe/aneia (iao/iia) io?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe a aieiaa /aeiaaea.

Eiie?aoii a neiaa?a Ia?ena ii?aaeaeyaony eae “aaeeinoai a iiiaiia?acee”
aiiaua. Caeanue eiie?aoii ia icia/aao /oanoaaiii aini?eieiaaioth aauue,
iaaeyaeii i?aaenoaaeyaiia niauoea, c?eoaeueiue ia?ac e o.ae. e o.i.

Aano?aeoiia ii?aaeaeyaony eae ioaea/aiiia, eae ecaea/aiiia, eae
iainiaeaiiia, “auiooia”, “ecuyoia” aiiaua. Aano?aeoiia iiieiaaony eae
iaeei ec ynii i/a?/eaathueony iiiaioia eiie?aoiiai — eae /anoe/iia,
iaeiinoi?iiia iaiieiia (iioiio anaaaea ii iaiaoiaeeiinoe oua?aiia)
i?iyaeaiea eiie?aoiiai, ioaeaeeaoaany eee ioaeaeaiiia io iaai,
ioiineoaeueii naiinoiyoaeueiia ia?aciaaiea, iieii iacaaeneiue aai
iiiaio.

Iaoa?eaeenoe/aneee acaeyae Ia?ena ia iao/ii-oai?aoe/aneia
aini?iecaaaeaiea (io?aaeaiea) aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay anaaaea,
ai-ia?auo, eiie?aoia (o.a. i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaeioi?ia “aaeeinoai a
iiiaiia?acee”, aioo?aiia ?an/eaiaiiia ia iauaeoeaii auaeaeythueany a iae
?acee/iua — /aoei iainiaeaiiua ae?oa io ae?oaa — aano?aeoiua iiiaiou), a
ai-aoi?uo, aano?aeoia a oii niunea, /oi yoe auaeaeaiiua iiiaiou ia
neeaathony a iae a iaeia ia?acee/aiiia aii?oiia “iiiaiia?acea aiiaua”.
Iauaeo iaoee — iao/iiai iuoeaiey — anaaaea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie, ii
Ia?eno, aeeaeaeoe/aneia aaeeinoai aano?aeoiiai e eiie?aoiiai — aaeeinoai
oiaeaeanoaa e ?acee/ey anao aai iiiaioia — noi?ii, oi?i nouanoaiaaiey,
oi?i aai naii?acee/aiey. Ia iiiaeanoai e ia iiiaiia?acea, a aaeeinoai
iiiaiia?acey, o.a. aaeeiia ai anao naieo /anoiuo e iniaaiiuo i?iyaeaieyo
oeaeia ieacuaaaony, n oi/ee c?aiey Ia?ena, iauaeoii aeayoaeueiinoe
iuoeaiey.

Anaiauaiethuay, ?ac iaanaaaea caeii/aiiay nenoaia iiciaiey i?e?iaeu e
enoi?ee i?ioeai?a/eo iniiaiui caeiiai aeeaeaeoe/aneiai iuoeaiey, ii yoi,
iaeiaei, ioithaeue ia eneeth/aao, a, iai?ioea, i?aaeiieaaaao, /oi
nenoaiaoe/aneia iiciaiea anaai aiaoiaai ie?a iiaeao aeaeaoue aeaaioneea
oniaoe n eaaeaeui iieieaieai. A ?aaioa “Aioe-Aeth?eia” Yiaaeuen ioia/ae,
/oi oai?aoe/aneia iuoeaiea eaaeaeie yiioe, a cia/eo e iaoae yiioe, yoi —
enoi?e/aneee i?iaeoeo, i?eieiathuee a ?acee/iua a?aiaia i/aiue ?acee/iua
oi?iu e aianoa n oai i/aiue ?acee/iia niaea?aeaiea. Neaaeiaaoaeueii,
iaoea i iuoeaiee, eae e anyeay ae?oaay iaoea, anoue enoi?e/aneay iaoea,
iaoea ia enoi?e/aneii ?acaeoee /aeiaa/aneiai iuoeaiey. A yoi eiaao
aaaeiia cia/aiea oaeaea e aeey i?aeoe/aneiai i?eiaiaiey iuoeaiey e
yiie?e/aneei iaeanoyi. Eai, ai-ia?auo, oai?ey caeiiia iuoeaiey ioithaeue
ia anoue eaeay-oi ?ac iaanaaaea onoaiiaeaiiay “aa/iay enoeia”. A,
ai-aoi?uo, ciaeiinoai n oiaeii enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey /aeiaa/aneiai
iuoeaiey, n aunooiaaoeie a ?acee/iua a?aiaia aicc?aieyie ia anaiauea
nayce aiaoiaai ie?a iaiaoiaeeii aeey oai?aoe/aneiai anoanoaiciaiey e
iioiio, /oi iii aeaao ianooaa aeey ioeaiee auaeaeaaaiuo ei naiei oai?ee.
Ii caeanue iaaeinoaoie ciaeiinoaa n enoi?eae oeeinioee aunooiaao
aeiaieueii-oaee /anoi e ?acei. Iieiaeaiey, onoaiiaeaiiua a oeeinioee
oaea nioie eao oiio iacaae, iieiaeaiey, n eioi?uie a oeeinioee aeaaii
oaea iieii/eee, /anoi aunooiatho o oai?aoece?othueo anoanoaieniuoaoaeae
a ea/anoaa naiiiiaaeoeo enoei, noaiiaynue ia a?aiy aeaaea i?aaeiaoii
iiaeu.

Ii A.E.Eaieio [8] aeeaeaeoe/aneee iooue iiciaiey enoeiu, iiciaiey
iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoe anoue “io aeeaiai nica?oeaiey e aano?aeoiiio
iuoeaieth e io iaai e i?aeoeea”. *aeiaa/aneia iuoeaiea i?ioiaeeo iooue
io noauaeoeaiiai iiiyoey e noauaeoeaiie oeaee e iauaeoeaiie enoeia. I?e
yoii iauaeoeaioth i?aaeeueiinoue naieo eaeae, iiiyoee, ciaiee, iaoee
/aeiaae aeieacuaaao a naiae i?aeoeea. I?ioeann iiciaiey e aeaenoaey
i?aa?auaao aano?aeoiua iiiyoey a caeii/aiioth iauaeoeaiinoue,
?anniao?eaay eo a aaeeinoaa iiiaiia?acey.

A.E. Eaiei [8] ienae, /oi Aaaaeue aaieaeueii oaaaeae aeeaeaeoeeo aauae
(yaeaiee, ie?a, i?e?iaeu) a aeeaeaeoeea iiiyoee: Niaieoiiinoue anao
noi?ii yaeaiey, aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe e eo (acaeii)ioiioaiey — aio ec /aai
neeaaeuaaaony enoeia. Ioiioaiey (=ia?aoiaeu=i?ioeai?a/ey)
iiiyoee=aeaaiia niaea?aeaiea eiaeee, i?e/ai yoe iiiyoey (e eo ioiioaiey,
ia?aoiaeu, i?ioeai?a/ey) iieacaiu eae io?aaeaiey iauaeoeaiiai ie?a.
Aeeaeaeoeea aauae nicaeaao aeeaeaeoeeo eaeae, a ia iaiai?io.

Naiae aeayoaeueiinoueth /aeiaae, eioi?ue ninoaaee naaa iauaeoeaioth
ea?oeio ie?a, eciaiyao aiaoithth aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, oie/oiaeaao aa
ii?aaeaeaiiinoue e oaeei ia?acii ioieiaao o iaa /a?ou eaaeeiinoe,
aiaoiinoe e ie/oiaeiinoe, aeaeaao aa iauaeoeaiie enoeiiie.

Enoi/ieeii iuneae yaeyaony ia oieueei iica, iie ia oieueei noauaeoeaii
enoiaeyo ec iaoa?ee, iie aeieaeiu eiaoue anaaaea naiei i?aaeiaoii eee
niaea?aeaieai eaeie-ieaoaeue iaoa?eae. Iicaiaia aauanoai yaeyaony
noauaeoii iunee, a aa iauaeo — yoi aaneiia/iay iaoa?eaeueiinoue ie?a…
Iao/iay enoeia iniiauaaaony ia ia ee/iinoe, — eae ienae A.E.Eaiei, — aa
iniiaaiey iaoiaeyony aia, a iaoa?eaea aa, iia anoue iauaeoeaiay enoeia.

Iuoeaiea eae i?ioeann ecia?aaeaiey aeaeaeaiey iuneueth (e ia oieueei
iuneueth, ii e iuouaieai) aeaenoaeoaeueii ii naiae i?e?iaea oaeiai, /oi
au?uaay i?aaeiao eae eiia/iia, ioaeaeueiia, i?a?uaiia, a ninoiyiee aai
noaaoeoue e caoeene?iaaoue a iiiyoee i?aaeaea anaai oieueei a oaeie
iaeiinoi?iiiinoe. Aoi?ie iiiaio aeaenoaeoaeueiiai aaeeinoaa
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae inoaaony aei ii?u aei a?aiaie ne?uoui (e
iaiin?aaenoaaiii iaaeinooiiui ia/aeueiie nooiaie iiciaiey). Iaeiaei
iuoeaiea niiniaii ia oieueei ?acaeaeeoue naycaiiua iiiaiou i?aaeiaoa, ii
e iinoeaiooue yoo naycue e “ainnoaiiaeoue” aaeeinoai ?aci?aaiiuo noi?ii
(iiiaioia) eae aaeeinoai, oiaeaeanoai i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae. E oaeia yoiai
caeeth/aaony a eiia/iii n/aoa a io?eoeaiee, eioi?ia e caeanue auiieiyao
ooieoeeth ?acaeaiaiey e ioiaeaeanoaeaiey, onoaiiaeaiey nayce,
oaea?aeaiey a aaeeinoaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae. (?acoiaaony, /oi naeaeaoue
yoi iiaeao eeoue aeeaeaeoe/aneia iuoeaiea.) Nooue aeeaeaeoe/aneiai
iiciaiey a oii e ninoieo, /oi iii ?acaeaaeaaao aaeeiia a naiie noa?a
aeaeaeaiey iiciaiey e aianoa n oai aeiaiaeeo aei oiaeaeanoaa
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoe. Ae?oaeie neiaaie, nooue aeeaeaeoeee ninoieo ia
oieueei a oii, /oi i?ienoiaeeo au?uaaiea aaue, ?acaeaiaiea
aeaenoaeoaeueiiai aaeeinoaa e cae?aieaiea iaeiinoi?iiiinoe, ia oieueei a
oii, /oi oaeei au?uaaieai i?iecaiaeeony oaeaea ?acaeaiaiea a naiii
aeaeaeaiee iiciaiey, iaeiiaoe, ia oieueei a ?acaeaiaiee naiie
iuneeoaeueiie oi?iu (iiiyoey), ii e a oii, /oi oaeia ?acaeaiaiea
(iineaaeiaa) caoai aeiaiaeeony a iuoeaiee aei oiaeaeanoaa
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae, e yoei inouanoaeyaony i?eaaaeaiea a niioaaonoaea (a
oiaeaeanoai) iieo/aiiiai aaeeinoaa e aeaenoaeoaeueiiio aaeeinoao
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae, niaea?aeauaiony a aeaenoaeoaeueiii i?aaeiaoa.

?anniio?aiiia auoa ?acaeaiaiea iiiyoey, iiaeaa?aaiea aai io?eoeaieth e
aeiaaaeaiea aei oiaeaeanoaa, yaeyaony, nianoaaiii, “iaoaieciii”
i?aiaeieaiey ?ac?uaa aioo?aiiae nayce e n yoei i?aiaeieaiey iiciaieai
ia?aie/aiey, iia?oaeaiey, iaeiinoi?iiiinoe, a oaeaea i?iieeiiaaieai a
nouiinoue i?aaeiaoa eae aaeeinoaa, oiaeaeanoaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae,
iinoeaeaieai enoeiiie aioo?aiiae i?ioeai?a/eainoe nouiinoe i?aaeiaoa (
/a?ac iinoeaeaiea i?ioeai?a/eainoe yaeaiey e nouiinoe). Oaeia iooue
aeeaeaeoeee iiciaiey io aano?aeoiiai iaeiinoi?iiiaai oiaeaeanoaa,
iieo/aaiiai ?annoaei/iui iuoeaieai, aei eiie?aoiiai oiaeaeanoaa —
nouiinoiiai, aioo?aiia i?ioeai?a/eaiai.

A ?acoeueoaoa, iu iieo/aai ciaiea, io?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiiai
iieiaeaiey aauae, aeaenoaeoaeueiie i?ioeai?a/eainoe, noaa/aiiie e
oaea?aeeaaaiie a iunee oiaea eae aaeeinoai, oiaeaeanoai
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae, o.a. oaeia aea, eaeei iii anoue a naiie
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe — ia ?an/eaiaiiia ia i?ioeai?a/auea ae?oa ae?oao a
aano?aeoiie iaeiinoi?iiiinoe i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoe, e?aeiinoe, a
aunooiathuaa eae eiie?aoiia oiaeaeanoai i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae.

*oi aeaao ethaeyi aa?aioeth enoeiiinoe ciaiey? E?eoa?ee enoeiu
caeeth/aaony a i?aeoeea. Eiaiii a i?aeoeea aeieaeai /aeiaae aeieacaoue
enoeiiinoue, o.a. aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue naiaai iuoeaiey. Iaeei ec
i?eioeeiia iuoeaiey aeaneo: iaeia iieiaeaiea yaeyaony enoeiiui, anee
aiciiaeii aeieacaoue, i?eiaieii ee iii a oie eee eiie eiie?aoiie
neooaoeee. Yoio i?eioeei au?aaeaaony oa?ieiii ?aaeecoaiinoue.
Iin?aaenoaii ?aaeecaoeee eaeae a i?aeoe/aneii aeaenoaee ciaiea
niecia?yaony, niiinoaaeyaony ni naiei iauaeoii, auyaeyy oai naiui
ianoiyuoth ia?o iauaeoeaiinoe, enoeiiinoe naiaai niaea?aeaiey.

Yiaaeuen ienae, /oi a oio iiiaio, eiaaea niia?acii aini?eieiaaiui iaie
naienoaaie eaeie-eeai aaue, iu oiio?aaeyai aa aeey naay, — iu a oio
naiue iiiaio iiaeaa?aaai aacioeai/iiio eniuoaieth enoeiiinoue eee
eiaeiinoue iaoeo /oanoaaiiuo aini?eyoee. Anee yoe aini?eyoey auee
eiaeiu, oi e iaoa noaeaeaiea i aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaoue aeaiioth
aauue iaiaoiaeeii aoaeao eiaeii, e anyeay iiiuoea oaeiai eniieueciaaiey
iaecaaaeii i?eaaaeao e iaoaea/a. Ii anee iu aeinoeaaai iaoae oeaee, anee
iu iaeaeai, /oi aauue niioaaonoaoao iaoaio i?aaenoaaeaieth i iae, /oi
iia aeaao oio ?acoeueoao, eaeiai iu iaeeaeaee io aa oiio?aaeaiey, —
oiaaea iu eiaai iieiaeeoaeueiia aeieacaoaeuenoai, /oi a yoeo a?aieoeao
iaoe aini?eyoey i aaue e aa naienoaao niaiaaeatho n nouanoaothuae aia
ian aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth. Yoi yniia eceiaeaiea iaoa?eaeenoe/aneie
oai?ee, oai?ee io?aaeaiey i?aaeiaoia iuneueth.

I?aeoeea anoue enoiaeiue ioieo, iniiaa, e?eoa?ee e oeaeue iiciaiey.
Aaaaeaiea Ia?enii eaoaai?ee i?aeoeee a oai?eth iiciaiey icia/aei
iiaeeeiioth ?aaiethoeeth a aiinaieiaee e yaeeinue iaeiei ec aeaaiuo
yeaiaioia ?aaiethoeeiiiiai ia?aai?ioa a oeeinioee. Ii aiai?ee, /oi
aii?in i oii, iaeaaeaao ee /aeiaa/aneia iuoeaiea i?aaeiaoiie
enoeiiinoueth, — yoi i?aeoe/aneee aii?in e oieueei a i?aeoeea aeieaeai
aeieacaoue /aeiaae enoeiiinoue, o.a. aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue e iiuue,
iinthnoi?iiiinoue naiaai iuoeaiey.

Ii?aaeaeyy naia ie?iaicc?aiea eae iiaue iaoa?eaeeci, Ia?en iiaeaa?aaao
e?eoeea e i?aaeiee iaoa?eaeeci ca aai nica?oeaoaeueiinoue, e eaeaaeeci
ca naaaeaiea i?aeoeee e /enoi oai?aoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. A
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue eaeaaeecio Ia?en iiae/a?eeaaao: /oiau eciaieoue
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, iaaeinoaoi/ii /enoi oai?aoe/aneie e?eoeee,
iaiaoiaeeia i?aeoe/anee-e?eoe/aneay, ?aaiethoeeiiiay aeayoaeueiinoue,
iaiaoiaeeii eciaieoue ia oieueei niciaiea, ii e auoea. Oieueei a
i?ioeanna ?aaiethoeeiiiie i?aeoeee /aeiaae eciaiyao eae ie?oaeathuoth
aai aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, oae e naiiai naay.

Nica?oeaoaeueiinoe e iaoaoece/iinoe i?aaeoanoaothuaai iaoa?eaeecia Ia?en
i?ioeaiiinoaaeyao ?aaiethoeeiiioth i?aeoeeo, iiaue, aeeaeaeoe/aneee
iaoa?eaeeci eae oeeinioneoth iniiao eiiioiecia. I?eioeei iiaiai
ie?iaicc?aiey ii oi?ioee?oao a iineaaeiai oacena: “Oeeiniou eeoue
?acee/iui ia?acii iauyniyee ie?, ii aeaei caeeth/aaony a oii, /oiau
eciaieoue aai”. Ia eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue ie? oae eee eia/a, /oiau
i?eie?eoueny n nouanoaothuei, a aeaenoaeoaeueii iiciaoue aai, /oiau
eciaieoue ie?.

Iai?eia?, Yiaaeuen eniieuecoao i?aeoeeo eae e?eoa?ee enoeiiinoe aeey oao
oeeiniaia, eioi?ua io?eoeatho aiciiaeiinoue iiciaaaaiinoe ie?a: “Naiia
?aoeoaeueiia ii?iaa?aeaiea yoeo, eae e anao i?i/eo oeeinioneeo auaa?oia
caeeth/aaony a i?aeoeea, eiaiii a yenia?eiaioa e a eiaeono?ee. Anee iu
iiaeai aeieacaoue i?aaeeueiinoue iaoaai iiieiaiey aeaiiiai yaeaiey
i?e?iaeu oai, /oi naie aai i?iecaiaeei, aucuaaai aai ec aai oneiaee,
canoaaeyai aai e oiio aea neoaeeoue iaoei oeaeyi, oi eaioianeie
iaoeiaeiie ( eee iaiinoeaeeiie) “aaue-a-naaa” i?eoiaeeo eiiaoe.
Oeie/aneea aauanoaa, i?iecaiaeeiua a oaeao aeeaioiuo e ?anoaiee,
inoaaaeenue oaeeie “aauaie-a-naaa”, iiea i?aaie/aneay oeiey ia noaea
i?eaioiaeyoue eo iaeii ca ae?oaei: oai naiui “aauue-a-naaa”
i?aa?auaeanue a “aauue aeey ian”.

A ea/anoaa e?eoa?ey enoeiu i?aeoeea ?aaioaao ia oieueei eae i?aaeiaoiay
aeayoaeueiinoue. Iia aunooiaao e a iiin?aaeiaaiie oi?ia — eae eiaeea,
caeaeeaoayny a ai?ieea i?aeoeee. Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi eiaeea — yoi
iiin?aaeiaaiay i?aeoeea. Iao ?acoi aeenoeeieeie?oaony eiaeeie aauae,
aini?iecaaaeaiiie a eiaeea i?aeoe/aneeo aeaenoaee e anae nenoaia
aeooiaiie eoeueoo?u.

Aaaeiia iieiaeaiea ioiineoaeueii acaeiiioiioaiey iaoiaea enneaaeiaaiey e
iaoiaea aeieacaoaeuenoaa enoeiu caeeth/aaony a neaaeothueo neiaao
O.Yiaaeuena [10]: “I iieiii iaiiieiaiee i?e?iaeu aeeaeaeoeee
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao oaea oio oaeo, /oi ainiiaeei Aeth?eia n/eoaao aa
eaeei-oi eino?oiaioii i?inoiai aeieacuaaiey, iiaeiaii oiio eae i?e
ia?aie/aiiii iiieiaiee aeaea iiaeii auei au n/eoaoue oaeei eino?oiaioii
oi?iaeueioth eiaeeo eee yeaiaioa?ioth iaoaiaoeeo. Aeaaea oi?iaeueiay
eiaeea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie i?aaeaea anaai iaoiae aeey iouneaiey iiauo
?acoeueoaoia, aeey ia?aoiaea io ecaanoiiai e iaecaanoiiio; e oi aea
naiia, oieueei a ai?acaei aieaa aunieii niunea, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
aeeaeaeoeea…”

Naycue iaaeaeo niiniaaie ioe?uoey enoeiu e aa aeieacaoaeuenoaa ia
neo/aeia, iia iieieony ia oie aea eaeaa niaiaaeaiey ii niaea?aeaieth
caeiiia iuoeaiey n caeiiaie auoey. I?ioeann aeieacaoaeuenoaa enoeiu
yaeyaony iiae/eiaiiui iiiaioii i?ioeanna aa aeinoeaeaiey, ia?ac?uaii
naycai n iei. *oiau aeieacaoue enoeiiinoue eaeiai-eeai oai?aoe/aneiai
iino?iaiey, iaiaoiaeeii ane?uoue iooue, ii eioi?iio iaoa iuneue oea e
iaio, i?iaiaeece?iaaoue oaeoe/aneee iaoa?eae, caeiiu e niiniau aai
ia?aaioee, iaoiae iino?iaiey oai?ee.

I?ioeann iaia?oaeaiey enoeiu aeeth/aao a naay e aa aeieacaoaeuenoai, e,
iaiai?io, i?ioeann aeieacaoaeuenoaa oai?ee aunooiaao iaeiia?aiaiii eae
aa ?acaeoea, aeiiieiaiea, eiie?aoecaoeey. Anyeee iao/iue yenia?eiaio
niaea?aeeo a naaa yoi aaeeinoai iaia?oaeaiey iiaiai e aeieacaoaeuenoaa
eee ii?iaa?aeaiey eaeiai-eeai oai?aoe/aneiai iino?iaiey. Iaaa?ii
ooaa?aeaeaiea, /oi yenia?eiaio — yoi oieueei i?oaeea aeieacaoaeuenoaa
enoeiiinoe oai?ee eee oieueei n?aaenoai iaia?oaeaiey iiauo yaeaiee,
iino?iaiey iiauo aeiioac. Auaeaeaay eaeia-eeai iiaia oai?aoe/aneia
iino?iaiea, iu iaeiia?aiaiii /oi-oi noa?ia ii?iaa?aaai e /oi-oi iiaia
aeieacuaaai. I?ioeann aeieacaoaeuenoaa ia eiaao ieeaeie eiie oeaee,
e?iia onoaiiaeaiey iauaeoeaiinoe enoeiiinoe.

A oi?iaeueiay eiaeea ia?aie/aia e eae iaoiae iiciaiey e eae i?oaeea
aeieacaoaeuenoaa. Ia iniiaa aa caeiiia e oi?i iiaeii onoaiiaeoue
niioaaonoaea eee ianiioaaonoaea iaeiiai noaeaeaiey ae?oaei noaeaeaieyi,
o.a. oi?iaeueiay eiaeea neoaeeo i?oaeeai aeieacaoaeuenoaa i?aaeeueiinoe
noaeaeaiee, ii ia eo iauaeoeaiie enoeiiinoe.

Ia?enenoneay oeeinioey n aa eiae/aneei a?naiaeii neoaeeo i?oaeeai
aeieacaoaeuenoaa iauaeoeaiie enoeiiinoe ciaiey. Iia au?aaioaea iaoiae
iaia?oaeaiey enoeiu e aa aeieacaoaeuenoaa, ?anniao?eaay onoaiiaeaiea
oi?iaeueiie i?aaeeueiinoe oieueei eae iiiaio a aeaeaeaiee e enoeia e a
aa aeieacaoaeuenoaa. Nouiinoue yoiai iaoiaea a iaueo /a?oao ii?aaeaeaia
A.E.Eaieiui a ?aaioa “Aua ?ac i i?ionithcao…”: “*oiau aeaenoaeoaeueii
ciaoue i?aaeiao, iaaei ioaaoeoue, eco/eoue ana aai noi?iiu, ana nayce e
“iiin?aaenoaiaaiey”. Iu ieeiaaea ia aeinoeaiai yoiai iieiinoueth, ii
o?aaiaaiea ananoi?iiiinoe i?aaeinoa?aaeao ian io ioeaie e io iia?oaaiey.
Yoi ai-ia?auo. Ai-aoi?uo, aeeaeaeoe/aneay eiaeea o?aaoao, /oiau a?aoue
i?aaeiao a aai ?acaeoee, “naiiaeaeaeaiee”, eciaiaiee… A-o?aoueeo, any
/aeiaa/aneay i?aeoeea aeieaeia aieoe a iieiia “ii?aaeaeaiea” i?aaeiaoa e
eae e?eoa?ee enoeiu e eae i?aeoe/aneee ii?aaeaeeoaeue nayce i?aaeiaoa n
oai, /oi ioaeii /aeiaaeo. A-/aoaa?ouo, aeeaeaeoe/aneay eiaeea o/eo, /oi
“aano?aeoiie” enoeiu iao, enoeia anaaaea eiie?aoia…”.

Caeanue A.E.Eaiei oa?aeoa?ecoao aeeaeaeoeeo e eae iaoiae iiciaiey e eae
i?oaeea aeieacaoaeuenoaa. ?anniio?aiea i?aaeiaoa a aai naiiaeaeaeaiee,
ni anaie aai naycyie — yoi ia oieueei iooue aeinoeaeaiey enoeiu, ii e
aeieacaoaeuenoaa aa. Iniaia cia/aiea a aeieacaoaeuenoaa eiaao i?aeoeea,
aia eioi?ie aiiaua iaeuecy ?aoeoue aii?ina ia enoeiiinoe eee eiaeiinoe
eaeiai-eeai oai?aoe/aneiai iino?iaiey. Aaeeinoai oai?ee e i?aeoeee —
aaaeiaeoaa iaoiaeieiae/aneia iieiaeaiea ia?enenoneie oeeinioee, eioi?ia
neoaeeo ?oeiaiaeyuae ieoueth a enneaaeiaaiee i?aaeiaoa e a onoaiiaeaiee
enoeiiinoe aeiauoiai ciaiey. Eae ecaanoii, iao/iia iieiaeaiea n/eoaaony
aeieacaiiui, anee iii auaaaeaii eiae/aneei iooai ec ae?oaeo iieiaeaiee,
enoeiiinoue eioi?uo auea ?aiaa onoaiiaeaia. Ii iaeuecy ?aoeoue aii?ina
ia enoeiiinoe eaeiai-eeai iao/iiai iieiaeaiey, eioi?ia neoaeeo
a?aoiaioii a aeieacaoaeuenoaa, eee i i?aaeeueiinoe naiiai eiae/aneiai
auaaaeaiey, anee ia aueoe ca i?aaeaeu iuoeaiey a iaeanoue i?aeoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Iauaeoeaii ee niaea?aeaiea iaoaai iuoeaiey, eiaai ee iu
aeaei n ?aaeueiuie naienoaaie i?aaeiaoa, eee aea iuoeaiea aiaei a
eeethceth, aeaeaeaony a iaeanoe noauaeoeaiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee, ioi?aaiiuo
io iinoeaeaiey naienoa, caeiiiia?iinoae, i?enoueo iauaeoeaiiio ie?o? Ia
yoe aii?inu iaeuecy iieo/eoue iao/iiai ioaaoa, ia ia?auaynue e i?aeoeea,
e eco/aieth ?acoeueoaoia i?aeoe/aneiai ia?aono?ienoaa aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe
ia iniiaa iiciaiiuo caeiiiia?iinoae.

O/aiea i aeieacaoaeuenoaa, eaii?e?othuaa ?ieue i?aeoeee a i?ioeanna
onoaiiaeaiey iauaeoeaiie enoeiiinoe iuoeaiey, ia iiaeao auoue iao/iui,
eai i?aeoeea i?eiaaeeaaeeo ?aoathuay ?ieue a aeieacaoaeuenoaa.
Aeeaeaeoeea, ii?aaeaeyy iooue iiciaiey enoeiu, aianoa n oai
onoaiaaeeaaao niinia e n?aaenoaa aeieacaoaeuenoaa enoeiiinoe ciaiey
iooai i?eciaiey ii?aaeaeythuae ?iee i?aeoeee eae iniiau iiciaiey e
e?eoa?ey aai enoeiiinoe.

Iaeuecy caauaaoue, /oi i?aeoeea ia iiaeao iieiinoueth iiaeoaa?aeeoue eee
ii?iaa?aiooue eaeia au oi ie auei i?aaenoaaeaiea, ciaiea. “ Aoii
iaaeaeei” — oae n/eoaeinue iiiai aaeia e i?aeoeea iiaeoaa?aeaeaea yoi.
I?aeoeea o?aieo iie/aiea ioiineoaeueii oiai, /oi iaoiaeeony ca
i?aaeaeaie aa enoi?e/anee ia?aie/aiiuo aiciiaeiinoae. Iaeiaei iia
iinoiyiii ?acaeaaaony, niaa?oainoaoaony. A i?ioeanna ?acaeoey enoeiiiai
ciaiey, oaaee/aiey aai iauaia, iaoea e i?aeoeea ana aieueoa aunooiatho a
ia?acaeaeueiii aaeeinoaa.

Ia?enenoneay oeeinioey aa?ao i?aeoeeo ia a ecieyoeee io iauaeoeaiuo
caeiiia i?e?iaeu e iauanoaa, a a oaniie nayce n ieie. Aiaeec i?aeoeee,
aa nouiinoe e oeaeae iaieioaii i?eaiaeeo e eco/aieth iauanoaa ia aeaiiii
yoaia aai ?acaeoey, eia/a iia noaiao aano?aeoiie, aia ie?a aeoathuae
aeayoaeueiinoueth noauaeoa. Iiiyoea i?aeoeee aeieaeii iaiaauaoueny
aiaeecii iauanoaaiii-enoi?e/aneiai aeaeaeaiey, niaa?oathuaainy a iaoo
yiioo, e aai io?aaeaiey a iiiyoeyo e oai?eyo nioeeaeueiuo iaoe.
Nia?aiaiiue ie? /aeiaaea ?anoe?eeny, iaiaaoeeanue i?aeoeea ia oieueei ca
n/ao aeeth/aiey a noa?o /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe iiauo iauaeoia
i?e?iaeu, oaeeo, eae iee?iie? e einiin. A aeoeaioth
anaie?ii-enoi?e/aneoth aeayoaeueiinoue aioee iiaua ia?iaeu, no?aiu,
nioeeaeueiua neie.

Iiuo iiciaiey nioeeaeueiie aeecie ethaeae iaiaoiaeei aeey ?ane?uoey
niaea?aeaiey i?e?iaeu iiciaiey, a /anoiinoe aai ioiioaiey e
io?aaeathuaio i?aaeiaoo. Ionthaea iiiyoii, ii/aio oae aaaeii eco/aiea
iaoiaeieiaee iauanoaaiiuo iaoe ia oieueei aeey eo ?acaeoey, ii e aeey
iiciaiey iiieiaiey aiiaua. Aieaa oiai, ii nouanoao ie iaeia eaoaai?ey
aeeaeaeoe/aneiai iaoa?eaeecia ia iiaeao ?acaeaaoueny e iaiaauaoueny
iiaui niaea?aeaieai, a oai naiui auoue oi?iie iuoeaiey aac o/aoa iiuoa
iiciaiey enoi?ee e oai?ee nia?aiaiiiai iauanoaa.

Ia?eneci iiieiaao i?aeoeeo eae /oanoaaiii-iaoa?eaeueioth
aeayoaeueiinoue, iai?aaeaiioth ia eciaiaiea oi?i iauaeoeaiie
?aaeueiinoe, aoaeue oi i?e?iaeiie eee nioeeaeueiie. A iaoa?eaeecia
i?aeoeea — eaoaai?ey, ?ane?uaathuay naia niaea?aeaiea a niioiioaieyie n
ae?oaeie iiiyoeyie, a /anoiinoe n iiiyoeai noauaeoa e iauaeoa. *anoi
ia?auaaony aieiaiea oieueei ia oo noi?iio, /oi i?aeoeea naycaia n
aeayoaeueiinoueth noauaeoa. Ii ia anyeay aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea
yaeyaony i?aeoeeie. A iineaaeiaa a?aiy ia?aaeee neo/ae, eiaaea e
oai?aoe/aneoth aeayoaeueiinoue n/eoatho i?aeoeeie ia oii eeoue
iniiaaiee, /oi iia oiaea ?acoeueoao aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea. Eaeaaeueiia
eae aeayoaeueiinoue noauaeoa auoaeaao ec i?aeoeee, ii yoi ia cia/eo, /oi
iia e anoue naia i?aeoeea. Iiaeii noaaeoue aii?in i ianoa eaeaaeueiiai a
no?oeoo?a i?aeoeee e ?aoaoue aai ia iaaei ie iooai iaoaoece/aneiai
i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiey, ie iooai ioiaeaeanoaeaiey eo.

E i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiea e ioiaeaeanoaeaiea aicieeaao a ?acoeueoaoa
iiieiaiey i?aeoeee oieueei eae noauaeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ia ?ane?uaay
oiai, /oi yoi nianoaaiii ca aeayoaeueiinoue, eaeia aa iauaeoeaiue
i?aaeiao. I?aeoeea — aaeeinoai noauaeoa e iauaeoa, iia — aeoeaia ii
naiae oi?ia, ii i?aaeiaoii-/oanoaaiia ii naiaio niaea?aeaieth e
?acoeueoaoai. E caeanue aeaeii aa ioee/ea io eaeaaeueiiai, oeaiiinoue e
cia/aiea eioi?iai ia caeiaeaiu a iai naiii, a a /ai-oi eiii, /oi
aicieeaao a ?acoeueoaoa aai i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee. A oi a?aiy eae
i?aeoeea naia eciaiyao ?aaeueiinoue, ia oai?eo iauaeo e aai
aioo?aiia-iaiaoiaeeiua nayce e ioiioaiey, a i?aaeiieaaaao e auaeaeyao
aai eae ia/oi iaee/ii aeaiiia, i?aaeiao naiaai i?eiaiaiey e eciaiaiey.
“*aeiaae a naiae i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, — ieoao A.E.Eaiei, — eiaao
ia?aae niaie iauaeoeaiue ie?, caaeneo io iaai, ei ii?aaeaeyao naith
aeayoaeueiinoue”. A.E.Eaiei noaaee caaea/o niaaeeiaiey i?aeoeee e
iiciaiey, ii ii ieeiaaea ia ioiaeaeanoaeye eo e ia n/eoae naii iiciaiea
i?aeoeeie.

Iiyoiio a aeeaeaeoe/aneii iaoa?eaeecia, n iaeiie noi?iiu, iauaeo
aeeth/aaony a no?oeoo?o i?aeoeee, a n ae?oaie — naia i?aeoeea aoiaeeo a
iauaeoeaioth ?aaeueiinoue.

A aaeeinoaa noauaeoa e iauaeoa a i?aeoeea aeoeaiie noi?iiie aunooiaao
noauaeo, a ii?aaeaeythuae — iauaeo. Naia aeayoaeueiinoue noauaeoa e aai
aeoeaiinoue niaea?aeaoaeueii iaoneiaeaiu naienoaaie e caeiiiia?iinoyie
iauaeoa, ?aiaa iinoeaioouie /aeiaaeii. Iineaaeiee aeaenoaoao e a iunee e
a i?aeoeea ii caeiiai iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoe.

O?iaaiue naiie /aeiaa/aneie i?aeoeee caaeneo io noaiaie ?acaeoey
noauaeoa, ii iineaaeiyy iaoneiaeaia oai, eaeay iauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue,
a eaeie ia?a e a eaeeo oi?iao aioea e ii?aaeaeeea aai aeayoaeueiinoue.
Nia?aiaiiia /aeiaa/anoai e i?aeoeea cia/eoaeueii i?aainoiaeyo ethaeae
XIX e ia/aea XX noieaoey, eai a noa?o aai aeayoaeueiinoe aioee iiaua
iauaeou.

I?aaeeueiia iiieiaiea niioiioaiey noauaeoeaiiai e iauaeoeaiiai a
i?aeoeea yaeyaony eeth/ai aeey ?aoaiey iiiaeo oeeinioneeo aii?inia e a
/anoiinoe oai?ee iiciaiey.

I?aeoeea aunooiaao iniiaie, e?eoa?eai enoeiiinoe ciaiey eiaiii iioiio,
/oi iia niaaeeiyao a naaa iauaeoeaioth i?e?iaeo n i?aia?acothuae aa
/aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth. Eiaiii yoa ianoiyuay, ?aaeueiay i?aeoeea
e ii?iaeaeaao /aeiaa/aneia ciaiea, yaeythuaany, ianiio?y ia naith
noauaeoeaioth oi?io, iauaeoeaiui ii enoi/ieeo e niaea?aeaieth, o.a.
oeaeaiai?aaeaiii, oai?/anee-aeoeaii io?aaeathuei aaue, yaeaiey e
i?ioeannu iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoe. I?aeoeea e aeaeaao ioiioaiea
noauaeo-iauaeo iauaeoeaiui.

Eae ienae A.E.Eaiei [7]: “Oae eae e?eoa?ee i?aeoeee, — o.a. oiae
?acaeoey anao eaieoaeenoe/aneeo no?ai ca iineaaeiea aeanyoeeaoey, —
aeieacuaaao oieueei iauaeoeaioth enoeio anae iauanoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneie
oai?ee Ia?ena aiiaua, a ia oie eee eiie /anoe, oi?ioee?iaee e o.i., oi
ynii, /oi oieeiaaoue caeanue i “aeiaiaoecia” ia?enenoia, cia/eoue
aeaeaoue iai?inoeoaeueioth onooieo ao?aeoaciie yeiiiiee. Aaeeinoaaiiue
auaiae ec oiai, ?acaeaeyaiiai ia?enenoaie, iiaiey, /oi oai?ey Ia?ena
anoue iauaeoeaiay enoeia, ninoieo a neaaeothuai: eaey ii iooe ia?eniaie
oai?ee, iu aoaeai i?eaeeaeaoueny e iauaeoeaiie enoeia ana aieueoa e
aieueoa (ieeiaaea ia en/a?iuaay aa); eaey aea ii anyeiio ae?oaiio iooe,
iu ia iiaeai i?eeoe ie e /aio, e?iia iooaieoeu e eaee”.

Eeoa?aoo?a

1.Ainaiei A.A. “Aeeaeaeoeea eae oai?ey ?acaeoey”. — Ecaeaoaeuenoai
Eeaaneiai oieaa?neoaoa, 1966. — 247n.

2.Eeueaieia Y.A. “Aeeaeaeoe/aneay eiaeea”. — I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1984. —
320n.

3.Eeueaieia Y.A. “Eaieineay aeeaeaeoeea e iaoaoeceea iiceoeaecia:
?aciuoeaiey iaae eieaie A.E. Eaieia “Iaoa?eaeeci e yiie?eie?eoeoeeci”. —
I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1980. — 174n.

4.Eeueaieia Y.A. “Oeeinioey e eoeueoo?a”. — I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1991. —
464n.

5.Eiiiei I.A. “Aeeaeaeoeea, eiaeea, iaoea”. — I.: “Iaoea”, 1973. — 463n.

6.Eaiei A.E. “Aua ?ac i i?ionithcao”, o. 42, n. 290

7.Eaiei A.E. “Iaoa?eaeeci e yiie?eie?eoeoeeci”, o. 18, ae. 2

8.Eaiei A.E. “Oeeinioneea oao?aaee”. — I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1965. — 752n.

9.Ia?en E., Yiaaeuen O. “E.Oaea?aao e eiiaoe eeanne/aneie iaiaoeeie
oeeinioee”, o. 21, n. 283-285

10.Yiaaeuen O. “Aioe-Aeth?eia. Ia?aai?io a iaoea, i?iecaaaeaiiue
ainiiaeeiii Aaaaieai Aeth?eiaii”. — I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1983. — 483n.

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