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Проблема идентификации человека в пространстве истории

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Aaaaeaiea.

Aii?in ia eaeaioeoeeaoeee /aeiaaea aue e inoa?ony iaeiei ec iniiaiuo n
ia/aea iiyaeaiey iaoee i /aeiaaea a ?aieao i?iaeoa iaoee Iiaiai a?aiaie.
*oi oaeia /aeiaae? Yoio aii?in oae e inoa?ony aac ioaaoa. Aiciiaeia ee
eaeaioeoeeaoeey /aeiaaea? Anee yoi aiciiaeii /a?ac ia?auaiea e enoi?ee,
oi n eaeeie i?iaeaiaie caeanue iiaeii noieeiooueny? Caaea/a yoie ?aaiou
– iiiuoaoueny aeaeaaoueny a iai?aaeaiee ioaaoa ia yoe aii?inu.

A ?aaioa eniieueciaaiu o?oaeu Ieoaey Ooei, Ia?oeia Oaeaeaaaa?a e AEaia
Aiae?eey?a. ?anniao?eaaaony i?ino?ainoai enoi?ee eae i?aaenoaaeaiea, eae
i?ino?ainoai niauoee. Eae yoi i?ino?ainoai aicieeaao. E eae iii
naycuaaaony n iaeanoueth /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Eae aicieeatho
i?aaenoaaeaiey i /aeiaae a i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee e ii/aio iie ia
nicaeatho oeaeinoiiai i?aaenoaaeaiey. Ii/aio aeanoue oaea?aeeaaao
iauanoai, eniieuecoy enoi?eth. E ii/aio enoi?ey inoa?ony iaycaoaeueiie
o/aaiie aeenoeeieeiie a ia?aciaaoaeueiuo caaaaeaieyo. ?anniao?eaaaony
iaaeiaa?ea enoi?ee.

Oeaeue ?aaiou caeeth/aaony a oii, /oiau auyaeoue i?iaeaiu
eaeaioeoeeaoeee /aeiaaea a iiea eioi?ia caaea?ony Aeanoueth, Enoi?eae e
*aeiaaeii, eae /anoueth iauanoaa.

A ia?aii ia?aa?aoa ?anniao?eaaaony a?aiy a oa?ieiao i?ino?ainoaa.
*aeiaae eae oi/ea i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee iauanoaa. E enoi?ey eae
i?aaenoaaeaiea a ?aieao i?iaeoa iaoee iiaiai a?aiaie. *aeiaae eae
noauaeo, ?ai?acaioe?othuee enoi?eth.

Aoi?ie ia?aa?ao niaea?aeeo iienaiea aeenoeeieeia?iiai i?ino?ainoaa
iauanoaa i?iecaiaenoaa. Eae ?aaeecoaony aeenoeeieeia a iauanoaa.
Iienuaaaony acaeiiaeaenoaea eiaeeaeaeia eae /anoae iaeiie iaoeiu a iauai
a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa.

A o?aoueai ia?aa?aoa iienuaaaony i?iaeoeey aeenoeeieeia?iiai
i?ino?ainoaa ainoaea?noaa ia oeieo (o/aaiia caaaaeaiea). Einoeooo
ia?aciaaiey eae n?aaenoai oi?ie?iaaiey a?aaeaeaineiai iauanoaa.

A /aoaa?oii ia?aa?aoa iienuaaaony i?eioeei i?e/anoiinoe eaaeaeiai
eiaeeaeaea e enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa e ycueo.

Ia?aa?ao iyoue. Caeanue ?a/ue iieae?o i nayce enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa e
aeanoe. Ia eaeaioeoeeaoeee a?aaeaeaieia aeanoueth /a?ac i?e/anoiinoue e
enoi?ee. I iaieioeyoeee iauanoaii ioo?i eciaiaiee a enoi?e/aneii
i?ino?ainoaa niauoee.

A oanoii ia?aa?aoa ?anniao?eaaaony i?ino?ainoai enoi?ee eiaeeaeaea.

E a naaeueiii ia?aa?aoa ?ane?uaaaony oaia iannu eae iauanoaa ia
ioaeaeathuaainy, a enoi?ee e iooi?aathuay a?. Ianna, ia iiaeaeathuayny
enneaaeiaaieth. Ianna eae «eiiaoe nioeeaeueiiai».

Caeeth/aiea niaea?aeeo e?aoeia niaea?aeaiea anae ?aaiou e auaiaeu.
?acoeueoaoii ?aaiou yaeyaony /aou?a iniiaiuo i?iaeaiu eaeaioeoeeaoeee
/aeiaaea a i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee.

Iniiaiay /anoue

§1. I?ino?ainoai enoi?ee.

I. 1 A?aiy a oa?ieiao i?ino?ainoaa. Enoi?ey eae i?ino?ainoai niauoee.

Ii/aio i?ino?ainoai?! Caeanue ?a/ue iieae?o i i?ino?ainoaa, iineieueeo
a?aiy oae inoaeinue /ai-oi iaiauynieiui. Enoi?eth iau/ii oaycuaatho n
iiiyoeai «a?aiy». Ii eiaaea caaea?ony aii?in: «*oi oaeia a?aiy?». Oi
/anoi i?ienoiaeeo neaaeothuaa – «A?aiy» ia/eiatho iienuaaoue a oa?ieiao
i?ino?ainoaa. Aiai?yo i aai aeeeoaeueiinoe, i?ioyae?iiinoe. Aai
«oaaoaao» eee «ia oaaoaao», auaaao «aeinoaoi/ii». Aai ia/eiatho
ae?iaeoue, aaiaeyo aaeeieoeu ecia?aiey: /anu, ieioou, naeoiaeu, aiaea,
aaea e o. ae. . I?e yoii oaycuaatho aai n i?ino?ainoaii. Aiae – ia?eiae
ia?auaiey Caiee aie?oa Nieioea. Nooee – ia?eiae ia?auaiey Caiee aie?oa
naiae ine.

Iiaeii i?eaanoe i?eia? nayce a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa ae?oaiai ieaia,
eiaaea ?annoiyiea ioia?yaony io?aceaie a?aiaie: «Naiue aeiae oiaeo». E
aio iaeei ec oceia yeiiiie/aneie yiioe eaaeeo a naycea: «A?aiy –
aeaiueae». Yoi /anu. *anu, eioi?ua ioia?ytho i?ino?ainoai, naeoi?a
e?oaa. Yoi iaoaieci, i?eiaaeeaaeauee i?ino?ainoao, e aai ecia?ythuee.
O?iii-iao?. Ec yoiai neiaa yniaa aeaeii eae naycuaaaony a?aiy e oa?iei
i?ino?ainoaa. «Iao?» – caeanue yoi neiai iineo niuneiaoth iaa?oceo
«ecia?youe». O?iiiiao? – iaoaie/aneee i?eai? – aio ei iu e ioia?yai
a?aiy. Aeaeei aai ia io?acee. Auiieiyai aeaenoaey n iauaeoii, eioi?ue
eae aoaeoi eiaao i?ioyae?iiinoue. Eae noaaoeoue e oaea?aeaoue iiiaio,
eiaaea i?ioeia caaa?oaii, a aoaeouaa ia ia/aeinue. Ii, oai ia iaiaa,
ieacuaaaony iiaeii ae?iaeoue oneiaioth i?ioyae?iiinoue ia oneiaiua
io?acee e oaycuaaoue eo n niauoeyie.

«Enoi?ey» – «story» – «?anneac». N iiiiuueth yoie oeaii/ee iiaeii
aeaoue oneiaiia ii?aaeaeaiea «enoi?ee» a yoie ?aaioa. «Enoi?ey» –
caeanue – nienie niauoee, i?ienoaaeoeo a oneiaiie (ii?aaeae?iiie) oi/ea
a?aiaie, a ii?aaeae?iiii i?ino?ainoaa.

Enoi?ey o?aaoao aeey naiaai nouanoaiaaiey a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa.
Niauoey o?aaotho a?aiaiiie ioeaiee, iineieueeo, anee i?aaeiieiaeeoue
noaoe/iinoue i?ino?ainoaa (caeanue – iaeioi?ie oa??eoi?ee), oi a iaeiii
e oii aea ianoa i?ienoiaeeo iiiaeanoai niauoee a ?aciia a?aiy (a ?aciua
io?acee a?aiaie). A?aiy aea o?aaoao i?ino?ainoaa, oae eae oanii n iei
naycaii. I?ino?ainoai – oneiaea nouanoaiaaiey a?aiaie.

Oaeei ia?acii, iiaeii auno?ieoue i?inooth noaio, a eioi?ie oaycuaathony
aaiiao?e/aneia i?ino?ainoai, i?aaiecoaiia aaeoi?aie a, b, c (o??oia?iia)
e a?aiaiiie aaeoi? T. Yoi i?inoay iiaeaeue i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee.

Iiaeii iino?ieoue noaio, a eioi?ie aoaeoo iaoiaeeoueny ai acaeiiie
naycaiiinoe «a?aiy», «i?ino?ainoai» e «enoi?ey». A oeaio?a yoie noaiu
aoaeao iaoiaeeoueny /aeiaae. Ii oaycuaaao a iaeio nenoaio yoe iiiyoey, e
nai yaeyaony i?iaeoeoii yoie nenoaiu.

*aeiaae naycuaaao a?aiy e i?ino?ainoai, e i?iecaiaeeo enoi?eth.

Eae i?ienoiaeeo oaycuaaiea a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa e ii/aio /aeiaae
iaoiaeeony a oeaio?a noaiu. Iioiio /oi n ia/aeii Iiaiai a?aiaie ii
noaiiaeoueny noauaeoii, iaoiaeyueiny a oeaio?a ea?oeiu ie?a. Noauaeoii
iiciathuei, «i?aae-noaaeythuei», noaayuei ia?aae niaie iiciaaaaiia e
ooaa?aeaeathuei naay /a?ac aeo niiiaiey a oii, /oi ii ciaao i
i?aaenoaaeaiiii, a oii, /oi ii i?aaenoaaeyao.

«…repreasentatio. I?aae-noaaeyoue caeanue cia/eo: iaee/iia
i?aae-iinoaaeyoue i?aae naay eae ia/oi i?ioeai-noiyuaa, niioiineoue aai
n naiei niaith eae iaeanoueth, caaeathuae ia?o. Aaea niaa?oaaony yoi,
oai /aeiaae ia?aoaao ia?ac nouaai. Ii, ia?aoay ia?ac nouaai, /aeiaae nai
naay noaaeo ia noeaio, oi anoue a ?aca??ioooth i-e?oao anaai, /oi
anaiaua e anaioe?uoi i?aaenoaaeyaony. Oai naiui /aeiaae nai naay
iieaaaao eae noeaio, ia eioi?ie ioiuia iaycaii i?aae-noaaeyoue,
?ai?acaioe?iaaoue naay nouaa, ia eioi?ie nouaa iaycaii noaiiaeoueny
ia?acii. *aeiaae noaiiaeoueny ?ai?acaioaioii nouaai eae i?aaeiaoiiai».

Aei Iiaiai a?aiaie auei eiia aini?eyoea ie?a. Ii oaenoo Aaaonoeia
Aeaaeaiiiai iii au?aaeaaony neaaeothuei ia?acii: Eiaaea y ciath, /oi
anoue ss, oi cia/eo, /oi y caaeoaeaeathnue, «aeoaeo». Caaeoaeaeathnue, –
cia/eo, y ia i?aa. Caaeoaeaeaiea «y anoue» oeacuaaao ia ioi?aaiiinoue io
Aiaa, ia i?e/anoiinoue aiaeanoaaiiiio.

Ii Aeaea?oo, eiaaea y ociath, /oi niiieoaeueii an? /oi y ciath, y
iaia?oaeeaath naay, a ia oneiaii ciaaiia. (Ea?oaceaineee aeo niiiaiey).
ss anoue oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea y enoeiii ciath, /oi y anoue. Oieueei
eiaaea y enoeiii iiciath, oieueei oiaaea y enoeiii nouanoaoth. Cogito
ergo sum. Yoi yeno?aiiee?oaony a neaaeothuaa: oieueei eiaaea y iiaeeeiii
ciath enoi?eth, oieueei oiaaea y anoue a enoi?ee. ss aeieaeai aeoiaoue,
/oi enoi?ey – yoi iiuo. *oiau auoue, iia iaaei oeene?iaaoue,
oaea?aeeaaoue yoio iiuo aini?eyoey. O Eaioa aeaea?oianeia «ss iuneth» –
yoi e anoue aiia?oeaioeey. ss iuneth – cia/eo, y nouanoaoth, aac anyeiai
niiiaiey.

«?acoi ia /a?iaao naieo caeiiia ec i?e?iaeu, a i?eienuaaao eo
iineaaeiae».

Ia aaaeii naii iaee/ea iauaeoia, i eioi?uo y aeoiath, aaaeii, /oi ss
aeoiath. «Enoi?ey» eae ?ac caaea?ony o?acie «ss iuneth». A priori
caaea?ony ?aniieiaeaiiinoue e iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue iiuoa aini?eieiaaiuo
iauaeoia. Ec oaeoa iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe e ?aniieiaeaiiinoe
aeaaeooee?othony iiiyoey a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa. Ynoaoeea – oi?ia
nica?oeaiey (aini?eyoey).

A?aiy eae o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueiay oi?ia ?annoaeea. A?aiy ?acoeueoao
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe niauoee aini?eyoey, a iioii e noaeaeaiey, oi anoue
a?aiy aicieeaao a i?iiaaeooea, a naycaiiinoe iaaeaeo aini?eyoeai e
noaeaeaieai, a ia?aoiaea a aeaeaeaiee io aini?eyoey e noaeaeaieth
(aini?eyoea>noaeaeaiea). Yoi i?iiaaeooie iaaeaeo aini?eyoeai e
noaeaeaieai, e eiaiii a i?i ?aaioaao aiia?aaeaiea. A?aiy aeaaeooee?oaony
ec iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe aini?eyoee eae aiaoieo. Iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue
aini?eyoee – aiaoiyy oi?ia nica?oeaiey, oi anoue ioiineony e iaeanoe
ynoaoeee. A iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue io aini?eyoey e noaeaeaieth – yoi
aioo?aiiyy oi?ia ?annoaeea. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ?annoaeie auiieiyao
neioace?othuoth ooieoeeth. Iiyaeyaony noauaeo.

Noauaeo – i?iaeoeo iiciaiey eae aiia?aaeaiey, oi anoue oi/ea neioaca
aini?eyoey, a eioi?ie noiaeyony iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe aini?eyoee.

A enoi?ee, iaiai?io, nia/aea noaeaeaiea, iioii aini?eyoea. Yoi ?aaioa
aiia?aaeaiey. I?ienoiaeeo ia?aai?a/eaaiea – nia/aea eioa?i?aoaoeey,
iioii – niauoea. Oi anoue nia/aea oaeo iauyniyaony, a iioii aienuaaaony
a enoi?eth, ea?oeio ie?a. Noauaeo, eioi?ue oaea ca?aiaa anoue, /a?ac
aini?eyoea e iineaaeothuaa noaeaeaiea, aienuaaao niauoea a ea?oeio ie?a.
Oi anoue, eiaiii a enoi?ee, a enoi?ee eae i?ino?ainoaa, oaeo iieo/aao
ianoi niauoey. Yoi i?ienoiaeeo iioiio, /oi enoi?ey eiino?oe?iaaia ii
eaioianeiio (aeaea?oianeiio) iienaieth.

«Ii?aaeia/eaaiea nouaai niaa?oaaony i?aaenoaaeaieai, no?aiyueiny ethaia
nouaa i?aae-iinoaaeoue i?aae niaith oae, /oiau ?ann/eouaathuee /aeiaae
aue oaa?ai a nouai, iaania/aiiui aeey iaai. Iaoea eae enneaaeiaaiea
aia?aua aicieeaao oiaaea e oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea enoeia oaea
i?aa?aoeeanue a aeinoiaa?iinoue i?aaenoaaeaiee. Nouaa eae i?aaeiaoiinoue
i?aaenoaaeaiey, a enoeia eae aeinoiaa?iinoue i?aaenoaaeaiey aia?aua
ii?aaeaeyaony a iaoaoeceea Aeaea?oa».

«…eiaaea /aeiaae noaiiaeoueny ia?aui e ianoiyuei noauaeoii, oi yoi
oaea cia/eo: /aeiaae noaiiaeoueny oai nouei, ia eioi?ii iniiauaaaony an?
nouaa ii niiniao naiaai auoey e naiae enoeiu. *aeiaae noaiiaeoueny
oeaio?ii nii?yaeaiee nouaai eae oaeiaiai.

Aaeeieoea eioi?iaoeee «o?aaiaio», «eaaio» aecoaeueiiai aini?eyoey, eiaao
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue 0,18 naeoiaeu. Eiaiii aeaaiaea?y oiio, /oi anoue
a?aiy eae aioo?aiiyy noaia ?annoaeea, iu oaycuaaai eo aaeeinoai
aini?eyoee. Yooaeo eeiieaiou – oeene?iaaiiua o?aaiaiou aeaeaeaiee
naycuaathony a aaeeiia aeaenoaea.

Aicieeaao niciaiea naay aeaaiaea?y naycuaaieth aini?eyoee, a oii /enea e
naiiaini?eyoee, n iiiiuueth a?aiaie. A?aiy caaeaii a priori. A
aeaea?oianeii cogito oaea anaaaea anoue ss. A?aiy ia i?inoi
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue, a naycaiiinoue iaaeaeo niaie niauoee eae
cia/eiinoae. A yoie naycaiiinoe e aicieeaao noauaeo. Ii inouanoaeyao
niune iioiio, /oi ii a ninoiyiee ia yoii noaeeoue.

Aeaea?oianeee noauaeo ia ioaeaeaaony a naiiooaa?aeaeaiee, ii oaea
anaaaea anoue, eae ii?iaeaeathuaa enoeio. Ii oeaiiinoe ioaeaeathony a
iainiiaaiee, ii?aaaeaiiinoe e iainiiauaathony /a?ac enoi?eth eae
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue inouanoaeaiey, neioaca aaeeiiai niunea. Aeaaea
anee ii ia ieii/aoaeueiue, a i?iiaaeooi/iue, oi ii an? ?aaii
niaa?oaiiaa, neioaoe/iaa, /ai i?aae-eaeouee. Yoi iiaeii
eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue eae oai?eth ?acaeoey ciaiey ii yeniiiaioa, oi anoue
eaaeaeay neaaeothuay oi/ea aeeaea e iaeiaio eniieiaieth niunea, ii
ieeiaaea aai ia aeinoeaaao, e yoi ia-aeinoeaeaiea iauyniyao aiciiaeiinoe
ioeaie, caaeoaeaeaiee e ioeeiiaiee a ianoiyuai, oai naiui, iaania/eaay
aeayoaeueiinoue aoaeouaai, eioi?ia aoaeao eni?aaeyoue ioeaee ianoiyuaai
e aoaeao ii?iaeaeaoue naie.

ss a enoi?ee oieueei iioiio, /oi y i?iaeieaeath enoi?eth i?aaeeia e
eaaeaeue aeaiue i?iaeieaeath naith enoi?eth. Anee «oeaiiinoue» ia
ii?aaaeaia i?ioeui, oi iia ia oeaiiinoue. Enoi?ey eae
eiei?ii?e?iaaiiinoue a ii?aaeae?iioth nenoaio oeaiiinoae – anoue niinia
auiineoue «enoeiiua» noaeaeaiey aac aini?eyoey.

A yoii niunea aeiaaiee – niinia nio?aiaiey oeaiiinoae aeey ianoiyuaai.
Niinia o?aineyoeee oeaiiinoae ec i?ioeiai. I?ioeia eiino?oe?oao
oeaiiinoioth noaio ianoiyuaai. Ii nai noauaeo ia niiiaaaaony a nai?i
nouanoaiaaiee. Enoi?ey aunooiaao aa?aioii oiai, /oi ii aue a/a?a e ia
?anoa?ye ie?oaeathuaai ciaiey. Enoi?ey eae nio?aiaiea e i?e?auaiea
iiuoa.

«A enneaaeiaaoaeueneee yenia?eiaio iiaiai a?aiaie – yoi ia i?inoi aieaa
ouaoaeueiia ii naiaio o?iaith e iauaio iaaethaeaiea, ii nouanoaaiii
eia/a ono?iaiiue iaoiae ii?aaaeaiey caeiia a ?aieao i/iiai iaa?inea
i?e?iaeu e ia aai neoaeaa. A enoi?e/aneeo iaoeao i aeooa
yenia?eiaioaeueiiio enneaaeiaaieth i?e?iaeu niioaaonoaoao e?eoeea
enoi/ieeia. Ionoue yoi iacaaiea e?eoeea enoi/ieeia, iaicia/aao caeanue
anth niaieoiiinoue iaia?oaeaiey enoi/ieeia, eo auai?a, eniieueciaaiey,
nio?aiaiey e enoieeiaaiey. I?aaaea, enoi?e/aneia iauyniaiea, iniiaaiiia
ia e?eoeea enoi/ieeia, ia aicaiaeeo oaeou e caeiiai e i?aaeeai. Ii iii
ia ia?aie/eaaaony i?inoui ia?aneacii oaeoia. A enoi?e/aneeo iaoeao, eae
e anoanoaaiiuo, iaoiae iai?aaeai ia oi, /oiau i?aaenoaaeoue iinoiyiiia e
i?aa?aoeoue enoi?eth a i?aaeiao. A i?aaeiaoii enoi?ey iiaeao noaoue
eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea oeae?o a i?ioeia. Iinoiyiiia a i?ioeii, oi
iinoiyinoai, ai /oi enoi?e/aneia iauyniaiea eca?auaao a naieo eiaeiuo
?an/?oao an? iaiiaoi?eiia iiiaiia?acea enoi?e/aneiai niaa?oaiey, – iii
anoue oi, /oi auei iaeiaaeaeu e anoue anaaaea, oi anoue n?aaieiia.
Iineieueeo ana aani?anoaiii n?aaieaaaony ni anai, a eoiaa au/eneyaony
iauaiiiyoiia, e iii ii?aaaeuaaaony e ooaa?aeaeaaony eae iniiaiie
?an/a?/eaathuee i/a?e, noaia enoi?ee. Noa?a enoi?e/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey
i?inoe?aaony eeoue aei oao i?aaeaeia, eaeeo aeinoeaaao enoi?e/aneia
iauyniaiea. Ie/oi aaeeinoaaiiia a nai?i ?iaea, ie/oi ?aaeeia, ieeaeay
aicauoaiiay i?inoioa, ei?i/a aiai?y, ie/oi aaeeeia a nai?i enoi?e/aneii
niaa?oaiee ieeiaaea ia ?acoiaaony naii niaith e iioiio anaaaea inoa?ony
iaiauyniaiiui. Enoi?e/aneia enneaaeiaaiea ia io?eoeaao aaee/ey a
enoi?ee, ii iauyniyao aai eae eneeth/aiea. Oaeia iauyniaiea aaeeeia
ia?yao ia?ith iau/iiai e iin?aaenoaaiiiai. E iao ieeaeiai ae?oaiai
enoi?e/aneiai iauyniaiey, iiea iauyniyoue cia/eo naiaeeoue iaiauyni?iiia
e iiiyoiiio e iiea enoi?ey inoa?ony enneaaeiaaieai, oi anoue
iauyniaieai. Iineieueeo enoi?ey, aoaeo/e enneaaeiaaieai an? i?ioeia
iaa?anuaaao e ii?aaeia/eaaao eae iauynieioth e iaic?eioth acaeiinaycue
oaeoi?ia, oi iia, aoaeo/e eino?oiaioii oaeiai ii?aaeia/eaaiey, o?aaoao
e?eoeee enoi/ieeia. E ii ia?a oiai eae enoi?ey naeeaeaaony n
ioaeeoeenoeeie, iaiyaony ia?a oaeie e?eoeee».

N ia/aeii Iiaiai a?aiaie enoi?ey noaea iao/iie aeenoeeieeiie.

Enoi?ey – niinia ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee i niauoeyo i?ioeiai. Niinia
ia?aaea/e iiuoa. E yoa eioi?iaoeey anaaaea caeiaee?iaaia. Aeey a?
iiieiaiey ioaeai eiioaeno, anee iu oioei oeiaeoue niune aeaenoaee,
i?ienoaaeoeo a iaeioi?ii enoi?e/aneii i?ino?ainoaa. Ioaeiu eeth/e e
?anoeo?iaea. Anee ian, eiia/ii, ia eioa?anoao i?inoi iienaiea
i?ienoaaeoaai.

I. 2 *aeiaae eae oi/ea enoi?e/aneiai i?ino?ainoaa.

*aeiaae – oi/ea enoi?e/aneiai i?ino?ainoaa. E ii aea – /anoue iauanoaa.
Oi/ea iauanoaa, eioi?ia aini?iecaiaeeo enoi?eth. Ainoaea?noai – yoi ia
i?inoi noiia iauaeoia, – yoi nenoaia iauaeoia. Iaoaieci, a eioi?ii
aeaoaee aeieaeiu auoue a /?oeii acaeiiaeaenoaee. Yoi nenoaia, iaoeia,
eioi?ay auno?aeaaaony niaeanii ii?aaeae?iiie no?oeoo?a.

«E nooe ea?oeiu ie?a ioiineony ninoaaiinoue, nenoaia».

Naia i?inoay iiaeaeue enoi?ee, i?aaenoaaeaiiay a naiii ia/aea, ia
?aaioaao, a oieueei aeaiiino?e?oao naith noaoe/iinoue. Yoi
anoanoaaiiiiao/iay iiaeaeue, a iae iiaeii ?aaeno?e?iaaoue oaeou. Ii,
naia enoi?ey iaoiaeeoueny a iiea aiia?aaeaaiiai. ?acai?a/eaaaony eae
iiea oaea?aeaiey iaeioi?iai iiuoa aini?eyoey. Iiuoa noaeaeaiey.
I?ino?ainoai enoi?ee ninoieo ec niuneia. Eioi?ua iu nicaea?i, a oi/iaa
i?eienuaaai iaeioi?ui oaeoai, eioi?ua niaaeeiyai e nenoaiaoece?oai.

Oi anoue, o??oia?iia i?ino?ainoai e aaeoi? iai?aaeaiey a?aiaie
iiaeaee?otho iiea anoanoaaiiiiao/iiai yenia?eiaioa. A i?ino?ainoai
enoi?ee ninoieo ec iaoeo noaeaeaiee ia iiuoa. Iieo/aaony oeaii/ea:
aini?eyoea – noaeaeaiea – naycuaaiea – niauoea. Nia/aea eae?o iiuo
aini?eyoey, iioii noaeaeaiea. Aeaeaa noaeaeaiea ia iiuoa aini?eyoey
naycuaaaony n ae?oaeie noaeaeaieyie e oaeei ia?acii iieo/aao ianoi
niauoey. Oae eiino?oe?oaony enoi?ey. Iiea iiuoa i?iaoee?oaony /a?ac
noauaeoa a iiea enoi?ee. ?acoeueoao yenia?eiaioa iieo/aao ni-auoea a
enoi?ee. Oai ii naycai n ae?oaeie, oai e iaio au?aaeatho ioiioaiea. Ii
aienuaaaony a ea?oeio, oi anoue ?aaeno?e?oaony e nenoaiaoece?oaony. A
iiea enoi?ee nicaea?ony e nouanoaoao nenoaia oeaiiinoae, oai niauoey eae
cia/eiinoe iaoiaeyony a iaeiie nenoaia. Aeaaiaea?y enoi?ee i?ienoiaeeo
neioac aaeeiiai niunea, ?aaeno?e?othony noaeaeaiey ia iiuoa aini?eyoey.
A iiea enoi?ee iainiiauaathony oeaiiinoe e iaoiaeyony a naycaiiinoe,
ii?aaaeuaathony iinooiee.

Noauaeo – nicaeaoaeue e iineoaeue enoi?e/aneiai i?ino?ainoaa. Ii
?acai?a/eaaao yoi i?ino?ainoai ec naay e a oi aea a?aiy iiaeaa?aaaony
aai aicaeaenoaeth. I?ino?ainoai enoi?ee ia yaeyaony iaiaoiaeeiinoueth
aeey noauaeoa, ii yaeyaony iaiaoiaeeiinoueth aeey iaeiieaiey e
oaea?aeaiey iiuoa. Enoi?ey iicaieyao auiineoue noaeaeaiey aac iiuoa
aini?eyoey, ia iniiaaiee i?aaeoanoaothuaai iiuoa aini?eyoee e
noaeaeaiee, ia iniiaaiee neiaeeaoaeny nenoaiu oeaiiinoae e
i?aaenoaaeaiee i ie?a. Yoi eae ea?eee ia iea/ao aeaaioa, ii iiaeao auoue
e iaiueoa, ii neaey naa?oo, aeaeeo aeaeueoa, /ai nai aeaaio.

§2 Aeenoeeieeia?iia i?ino?ainoai.

I.1 Ainoaea?noai – iaoeia. *aeiaae – aeaoaeue.

Ainoaea?noai, a eiioaenoa yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee, – iaoeia,
iaiooaeoo?a. Eiiaaea? ni no?iai ioeaaeaiiui iaoaieciii. Aai oeaeue –
iaeneiaeueiay i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue ca ieieiaeueiue ia?eiae a?aiaie.
Oneiaea aeinoeaeaiey yoie oeaee – no?iaia acaeiiaeaenoaea oceia
iaoaiecia. Ie iaeia ieiooa ia aeieaeia i?ioiaeeoue aea?ii. E ionthaea
o?aaiaaiea e ?aaioieeai eiiaaea?a – /?oeia acaeiiaeaenoaea n iaoaieciii.

«…aeaeaeaiey, o?aaoaiua io /aeiaaea i?e ia?auaiee n oaoie/aneeie
i?aaeiaoaie, aeene?aoiu, ninoaaeytho ?yae neoaeiuo aeanoia,
aeanoia-ciaeia, a ieo no??oa ?eoie/iinoue. (…) Ni?iaoee?iaaa naay a
naycioth no?oeoo?o, /aeiaae nai ieacuaaaony ioa?ioai a aannayciinoue.
Ia?aae eeoeii ooieoeeiiaeueiie aaue ii ieacuaaaony aeenooieoeeiiaeai,
e??aoeeiiaeueii-noauaeoeaao; ioiuia ii ionoay oi?ia, ioe?uoay aeey
ethauo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ieoia e ethauo oaioaciaoe/aneeo i?iaeoeee,
naycaiiuo n iaeooeoaeueiie yooaeoeaiinoueth aiaoiaai ie?a».

Oaei ?aai/aai – /anoue i?iecaiaeyuae iaoeiu, aeaoaeue iaoaiecia. E
o?aaiaaiea e oaeo – no?iaia niioaaonoaea auiieiyaiie ooieoeee.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii – ana aeaeaeaiey oaea, eae e naii oaei, aeieaeiu auoue
ecia?aiu e i?in/eoaiu. EIAe – eiyooeoeeaio iieaciiai aeaenoaey –
iieacaoaeue, eae aeey noaiea, oae e aeey ?aai/aai ca yoei noaieii.
I?ienoiaeeo neeyiea oaea eiaeeaeaea e iaoeiu. Oaei – aeaoaeue, ocae
eiiaaea?a. Iii ia iaeaaeaao a aeaiiie nenoaia ieeaeie
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoueth. Iaeia aeaoaeue, i?e iieiiea, aeieaeia auno?i
caiaiyoueny ae?oaie. Ionthaea no?aieaiea e oieoeeaoeee oceia. I?ioeann
i?iecaiaenoaa ?acaeaaaony ia iiiaeanoai i?inouo aeaenoaee. «Iao
iacaiaieiuo ethaeae» – oacen ni?aaaaeeeaue aeey eiiaaea?iiai oeia
i?iecaiaenoaa.

«*aeiaa/aneia oaei anooiaao a iaoaieciu aeanoe, eioi?ua ouaoaeueii
ia?aaaouaatho aai, ?ac?ooatho aai ii?yaeie e niae?atho caiiai.
?iaeaeaaony «iieeoe/aneay aiaoiiey», yaeythuayny iaeiia?aiaiii
«iaoaieeie aeanoe». Iia ii?aaeaeyao, eae iiaeii iiae/eieoue naaa oaea
ae?oaeo, n oai, /oiau canoaaeoue eo ia oieueei aeaeaoue /oi-oi
ii?aaeae?iiia, ii aeaenoaiaaoue ii?aaeae?iiui ia?acii, n i?eiaiaieai
ii?aaeae?iiuo oaoiee, n iaiaoiaeeiie auno?ioie e yooaeoeaiinoueth. Oae
aeenoeeieeia i?iecaiaeeo iiae/ei?iiua e oi?aaeiyaiua, «iineooiua» oaea».

I.2. Aeenoeeieeia.

Aeey oiai, /oiau oaeay iaoeia ?aaioaea, iaiaoiaeeia no?iaay aeenoeeieeia
oaea, eioi?ay iaania/eaaao /?oeia e ioeaaeaiiia auiieiaiea eaaeaeiai
aeaenoaey. Aeey iaania/aiey aeenoeeieeiu ?ac?aaaouaaaony ?yae i?aaee.
Anee yoi oeao, oi: oaoieea aaciianiinoe ia ?aai/ai ianoa, oi?ia
iaeaaeaeu, iiia? ?aaioieea e iiia? ?aai/aai ianoa, aeey iaania/aiey
eiio?iey iaae ea/anoaii auiieiyaiie ?aaiou, ii?yaeie ?aaiou, ii?yaeie
i?eoiaea e ooiaea n ?aai/aai ianoa e o. ae. E iieiay
aacuieoeeaoeaiinoue. Eieoeeaoeaa iaeacoaia. I?eioeei aeaenoaey oaeeo
i?aaee oaeie aea, eae e a «onoaaa» a a?iee. Aiciiaeiua ia?ooaiey e
ioeeiiaiey io i?aaee iienuaathony e ei niioaaonoaoao ii?aaeae?iiia
iaeacaiea (oo?aoiua naieoeee, aea i?aie?iaaiea, auaiai?, oaieueiaiea n
?aaiou e o. ae.). «Aeenoeeieeia oaaee/eaaao neeu oaea (n oi/ee c?aiey
yeiiiie/aneie iieaciinoe) e oiaiueoaao oa aea neeu (n oi/ee c?aiey
iieeoe/aneiai iineooaiey). Ei?i/a aiai?y, iia ioaeaeyao neeu io oaea: n
iaeiie noi?iiu, i?aa?auaao aai a «niiniaiinoue», «i?eaiaeiinoue»,
eioi?oth no?aieony oaaee/eoue, a n ae?oaie – iaiyao iai?aaeaiea yia?aee,
iiaouanoaa, eioi?ia iiaeao auoue a? ?acoeueoaoii, e i?aa?auaao aai a
ioiioaiea iaoeinieoaeueiiai iiae/eiaiey».

I.3. Iaiiioeci.

Aio iaiaoiaeeiue yeaiaio aeenoeeieeie?othuae iaoeiu – iaaethaeaoaeue,
oio, eoi neaaeeo ca ii?yaeeii e ?aaeno?e?oao ia?ooaiey e a oi aea a?aiy
naiei i?enoonoaeai iaania/eaaao aeenoeeieeio. Aai iniiaiay ooieoeey ia
iaeacuaaoue, a i?enoonoaiaaoue. Ii – iaaece?aoaeue. E aeenoeeieeia
iaania/eaaaony ia oai, /oi iaaece?aoaeue aeaeeo, a oai, /oi oaei
iaaee?aaiiai noaiiaeony aeaeeiui. *aeiaaea aeenoeeieeie?oao iiieiaiea
naiae iiaeiaaeci?iinoe. Oaea e nai iaaece?aoaeue ia o?aaoaony, ia ioaeii
aai iinoiyiiiai i?enoonoaey. Aeenoeeieeia iaania/eaaaony, anee
iaaece?aaiue iiieiaao naith iinoiyiioth iiaeiaaeci?iinoue. Aeinoaoi/ii
oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa, oaeeo eae aeaeaieaia?a eee oiie?iaaiiia noaeei,
eioi?ua iaania/eaatho yooaeo iinoiyiiiai i?enoonoaey iaaece?aoaey,
i?enoonoaey iaaeaeeiiai iaaece?aoaey. Yooaeo i?enoonoaey aeanoe, eioi?ay
iaania/eaaao aeenoeeieeio. Ieoaeue Ooei aaiaeeo aeey iienaiey yoiai
yaeaiey oa?iei – iaiiioeci. Iaiiioeeii – i?iaeo oth?ueiu a?oeoaeoi?a
Aaioaia.

«.…— iniiaiay oeaeue iaiiioeeiia: i?eaanoe caeeth/?iiiai a ninoiyiea
niciaaaaiie e iinoiyiiie aeaeeiinoe, eioi?ay iaania/eaaao aaoiiaoe/aneia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea aeanoe».

Aeanoe ia iaaei naay iieacuaaoue, ae iaaei iaaethaeaoue e any/anee
ne?uaaoue nai? ionoonoaea, oi anoue iaaethaeaaiue ia aeieaeai ciaoue
oiai, /oi aai ia aeaeyo (ia ionoonoaee iaaethaeaoaey). Caeii iioeee
aiai?eo i iaeioi?ii «?aaiiaanee»: n ethaie oi/ee iaaethaeaaiiai
i?ino?ainoaa iiaeii aeaeaoue iaaethaeaoaey. Yoi «?aaiiaanea» ia?ooaaony
n iiiiuueth oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa.

«Iaiaioeeii – iaoeia aeey ?acaeaiey ia?u «aeaeaoue – auoue aeaeeiui».
Yoi aaaeiue iaoaieci, aaaeue ii aaoiiaoece?oao aeanoue e eeoaao a?
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe. I?eioeei aeanoe caeeth/aaony ia noieueei a
/aeiaaea, neieueei a ii?aaeae?iiii i?iaeoiaiiii ?ani?aaeaeaiee oae,
iiaa?oiinoae, naaoa e acaeyaeia; a ?annoaiiaea, aioo?aiiea iaoaieciu
eioi?ie i?iecaiaeyo ioiioaiea, aiaeaeathuaa eiaeeaeaeia. (…) Aeaenoaotho
iaoaieciu, iiaeaea?aeeaathuea aneiiao?eth, aeenaaeain, ?acee/ea.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ia eiaao cia/aiey, eoi ioi?aaeyao aeanoue. Ethaie
eiaeeaeae, aua?aiiue ii/oe iaoaaae, iiaeao caionoeoue iaoeio: a
ionoonoaea ia/aeueieea – /eaiu aai naiuee, aai ae?ocuey, iinaoeoaee e
aeaaea neoae».

A «Iaiiioeeiia» – yoi ca?eaeueii oiie?iaaiiua no?eea, oae aea iiaoo
auoue eniieueciaaiu aeaeaieaia?u e iee?ioiiu. Iaaethaeaaiue ia aeaeeo ie
iaaethaeaoaey, ie aai ionoonoaey, i?e yoii eniuouaaao /oanoai iinoiyiiie
iiaeiaaeci?iinoe. Iiae oa?icie aeenoeeieeia?iuo acuneaiee ii nai neaaeeo
ca niaie, aeenoeeieeie?oao nai? oaei (aeenoeeieeie?oaony). Auiieiyao
o?aaiaaiey aeenoeeieeia?iiai i?ino?ainoaa.

«Iaiiioe/aneay noaia, eiaiii eae oaeiaay e ai anao naieo naienoaao, auea
i?aaeiacia/aia aeey ?ani?ino?aiaiey ii anaio oaeo iauanoaa, auea
i?ecaaia noaoue iaeie iaiau?iiie ooieoeeae».

«Iaiiioeci – iauee i?eioeei iiaie «iieeoe/aneie aiaoiiee» iauaeoii e
oeaeueth eioi?ie yaeyaony ia ioiioaiea aa?oiaiie aeanoe, a ioiioaiea
aeenoeeieeiu».

I.4. Neio?iiecaoeey.

«Ii n?aaiaieth n ?aaiiaaeeeie noiiie ioaeaeueiuo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo
?aai/eo aeiae eiiaeie?iaaiiue ?aai/ee aeaiue i?iecaiaeeo aieueoea iannu
iio?aaeoaeueneeo noieiinoae e oiaiueoaao iiyoiio ?aai/aa a?aiy,
iaiaoiaeeiia aeey aeinoeaeaiey ii?aaeae?iiiai iieaciiai yooaeoa. A
eaaeaeii ioaeaeueiii neo/aa oaeia iiauoaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiie neeu
o?oaea iiaeao aeinoeaaoueny ?acee/iuie niiniaaie: eee iiauoaaony
iaoaie/aneay neea o?oaea, eee ?anoe?yaony i?ino?ainoaaiiay noa?a a?
aicaeaenoaey, eee a?aia i?iecaiaenoaa i?ino?ainoaaiii noaeeaaaony ii
n?aaiaieth n ianooaaii i?iecaiaenoaa, eee a e?eoe/aneee iiiaio
i?eaiaeeoueny a aeaeaeaiea aieueoia eiee/anoai o?oaea a oa/aiea
ei?ioeiai i?iiaaeooea a?aiaie. Ii ai anao yoeo neo/ayo niaoeeoe/aneay
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiay neea eiiaeie?iaaiiiai ?aai/aai aeiy anoue
iauanoaaiiay i?iecaiaeeoaeueiay neea o?oaea, eee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiay neea
iauanoaaiiiai o?oaea. Iia aicieeaao ec naiie eiiia?aoeee».

Eoae, aeanoue – yoi iaaeaeeiue iaoaiee. Iia neaaeeo ca iaoeiie,
ono?aiyao iaiieaaeee, a aeaaiia, i?aaeioa?auaao eo. Ooieoeeiie?iaaiea
iaoeiu aeieaeii auoue aania?aaieiui. Aeaoaee ?aaioatho neio?iiii. A?aiy
aeey anao iauaa. Aeae?aoiia a?aiy – iauay nenoaia ion/aoa, aeaenoaothuay
ia eaaeaeiai eiaeeaeaea, iaoiaeyuaainy a iaeiii iiea aeayoaeueiinoe n
ae?oaeie. Ianaiaa?aiaiiia auiieiaiea ooieoeee i?eaiaeeo e ia?aaiyi a
?aaioa.

«?ani?aaeaeaiea iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo aeayoaeueiinoae ii ?yaeai – «na?eyi»
– aea?o aeanoe aiciiaeiinoue auaiaeii eniieueciaaoue aeeeoaeueiinoue:
aiciiaeiinoue aeaoaeueiiai eiio?iey e oi/iiai aiaoaoaeuenoaa (a oi?ia
aeeooa?aioeeaoeee, eni?aaeaiey, iaeacaiey, ono?aiaiey) a ethaie iiiaio
a?aiaie; aiciiaeiinoue oa?aeoa?eciaaoue, a neaaeiaaoaeueii,
eniieueciaaoue eiaeeaeaeia a niioaaonoaee n o?iaiai na?ee, eioi?oth iie
i?ioiaeyo; aiciiaeiinoue iaeaieeaaoue a?aiy e aeayoaeueiinoue, aiiaue
ioe?uaaoue eo noiie?iaaiiuie e aiaeiuie e eniieueciaaieth a eiia/iii
?acoeueoaoa, i?aaenoaaeythuai niaie i?aaeaeueioth niiniaiinoue
eiaeeaeaea. ?ann?aaeioi/aiiia a?aiy niae?aaony aiaaeeii, aeey oiai /oiau
i?iecaanoe auaiaeo, oai naiui iaeaaeaaay oneieuecathuae
aeeeoaeueiinoueth. Aeanoue iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycaiia ni a?aiaiai; iia
iaania/eaaao eiio?ieue iaae iei e aa?aioe?oao aai eniieueciaaiea.
Aeenoeeieeia?iua iaoiaeu iaia?oaeeaatho eeiaeiia a?aiy, iiiaiou eioi?iai
i?eniaaeeiythony ae?oa e ae?oao e eioi?ia iai?aaeaii e onoie/eaie
eiia/iie oi/ea. Neiaii a?aiy «yaiethoeee». Ii neaaeoao iiiieoue, /oi
ia?yaeo n yoei aaeieieno?aoeaiua e yeiiiie/aneea oaoieee eiio?iey
iaia?oaeeaatho nioeeaeueiia a?aiy na?eeiiai, iai?aaeaiiiai e
eoioeyoeaiiai oeia: ioe?uoea yaiethoeee eae «i?ia?anna».
Aeenoeeieeia?iua oaoieee iaia?oaeeaatho eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua na?ee:
ioe?uoea yaiethoeee eae «aaiacena», i?ienoiaeaeaiey. I?ia?ann iauanoa e
i?ienoiaeaeaiea eiaeeaeaeia – yoe aeaa e?oiiaeoeo «ioe?uoey» XVIII
noieaoey, aiciiaeii, niioiinyony n iiauie iaoiaeaie aeanoe, a oi/iaa – n
iiaui niiniaii oi?aaeyoue a?aiaiai e aeaeaoue aai iieaciui ioo?i
?acaeaee ia io?acee e na?ee, ioo?i neioaca e iaeiieaiey. Iae?i- e
iee?ioeceea aeanoe naeaeaee aiciiaeiui ia ecia?aoaiea enoi?ee (a yoii
aeaaii oaea ia auei ioaeaeu), a i?aaie/aneia aoiaeaeaiea a?aiaiiiai,
aaeeiiai, iai?a?uaiiai, eoioeyoeaiiai ecia?aiey a ioi?aaeaiea eiio?iey e
i?aeoeee iiae/eiaiee. «Yaiethoeeiiiay» enoi?e/iinoue, eaeie iia oiaaea
noi?ie?iaaeanue – e noieue aeoaiei oei?aieeanue, /oi e iiiuia yaeyaony
aeey iiiaeo naiii/aaeaeiie, – naycaia n iaeei ?aaeeiii ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
aeanoe. Eae, ianiiiaiii, e «enoi?ey-ainiiieiaiea» o?iiee, aaiaaeiaee,
iiaeaeaia, oea?noaiaaiee e aeayiee aeieai auea naycaia n ae?oaie
iiaeaeueiinoueth aeanoe. N iiyaeaieai iiauo iaoiaeia iiae/eiaiey
«aeeiaieea» iai?a?uaiuo yaiethoeee ia/eiaao caiaiyoue «aeeianoeeo»
oi?aeanoaaiiuo niauoee.

Ai anyeii neo/aa, iaeaiueeee a?aiaiiie eiioeiooi eiaeeaeaea eae aaiacena
ii?aaeae?iii i?aaenoaaeyaony (iiaeiaii eiaeeaeaeo eae y/aeea eee
eiaeeaeaeo eae i?aaiecio) ?acoeueoaoii e iauaeoii aeenoeeieeiu. E a
oeaio?a yoiai na?eeiiai ?acaeaiey a?aiaie iaoiaeeoueny i?ioeaaeo?a,
yaeythuayny caeanue oai aea, /ai auei ninoaaeaiea «oaaeeoeu» aeey
?ani?aaeaeaiey eiaeeaeaeia e ?acaeaee ia y/aeee eee «iai?a?», – aeey
yeiiiiee aeayoaeueiinoae e i?aaie/aneiai eiio?iey. Yoa i?ioeaaeo?a –
«oi?aaeiaiea». Oi?aaeiaiea anoue oaoieea, iin?aaenoaii eioi?ie oaeai
aeeeoiaaeenue caaeaiey – iaeiia?aiaiii iiaoi?ythueany e ?acee/iua, ii
anaaaea ?ani?aaeae?iiua a ii?yaeea oneiaeiaiey. Iai?aaeyy iiaaaeaiea e
iaeiaio eiia/iiio ninoiyieth, oi?aaeiaiea iicaieyao iai?a?uaii
oa?aeoa?eciaaoue eiaeeaeaea eeai ioiineoaeueii yoiai ninoiyiey, eeai
ioiineoaeueii i?i/eo eiaeeaeaeia, eeai ioiineoaeueii oeia aai iooe. Oai
naiui oi?aaeiaiea iaania/eaaao, a oi?ia i?aainoaaiiinoe e i?eioaeaeaiey,
?ino, iaaethaeaiea e ioeaieo».

I.5. Noaiaea?oecaoeey e na?oeoeeaoeey.

«*a?ac aeenoeeieeiu i?iyaeyaony aeanoue Ii?iu. ssaeyaony ee iia iiaui
caeiiii nia?aiaiiiai iauanoaa? Eo/oa neacaoue, /oi ia/eiay n XVIII aaea
yoa aeanoue niaaeeieeanue n i?i/eie aeanoyie – Caeiia, Neiaa e Oaenoa,
O?aaeeoeee, – iaaycuaay ei iiaua ?aca?aie/aiey. Ii?iaeueiia noaiiaeony
i?eioeeiii i?eioaeaeaiey a iao/aiee n aaaaeaieai noaiaea?oece?iaaiiiai
ia?aciaaiey e aicieeiiaaieai «ii?iaeueiuo oeie». Iii noaiiaeoueny
oaeiaui a iiiuoea i?aaieciaaoue iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeeoeeineee oeao e
aieueie/ioth nenoaio, ?oeiaiaenoaothueany iaueie ii?iaie caei?iauey. Iii
i?iieeaao a noaiaea?oecaoeeth i?iiuoeaiiuo i?ioeannia e ecaeaeee.
Iiaeiaii iaaeci?o, e aianoa n iei ii?iaeecaoeey noaiiaeony iaeiei ec
aeaaiuo eino?oiaioia aeanoe a eiioea eeanne/aneiai aaea. Aaaeue ciaee,
iaeiaaea naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaaoea i noaoona, i?eaeeaaeyo, i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe
e /aio-oi, an? aieueoa caiaiythony – eee, ii e?aeiae ia?a, aeiiieiythony
– oeaeui ?yaeii noaiaiae ii?iaeueiinoe, naeaeaoaeuenoaothueo i
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e iaeii?iaeiiio iauanoaaiiiio oaeo, ii oaeaea ea?athueo
iaeioi?oth ?ieue a eeanneoeeaoeee, ea?a?oecaoeee e ?ani?aaeaeaiee
?aiaia. A eaeii-oi niunea aeanoue ii?iaeecaoeee ianaaeaeaao
iaeii?iaeiinoue; ii iia eiaeeaeaeoaeece?oao, iineieueeo iicaieyao
ecia?youe ioeeiiaiey, ii?aaeaeyoue o?iaie, oeene?iaaoue iniaaiiinoe e
aeaeaoue iieaciuie ?acee/ey, i?eniinaaeeaay eo ae?oa e ae?oao. Aiieia
iiiyoii, eae aeanoue ii?iu aeaenoaoao a ?aieao nenoaiu oi?iaeueiiai
?aaainoaa, iineieueeo aioo?e iaeii?iaeiinoe, yaeythuaeny i?aaeeii, ii?ia
aaiaeeo a ea/anoaa iieaciiai eiia?aoeaa e ?acoeueoaoa ecia?aiey aanue
aeeaiacii eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo ?acee/ee».

Eaaeaeay aeaoaeue aeieaeia niioaaonoaiaaoue ii?aaeae?iiiio noaiaea?oo,
eiaoue na?oeoeeao ea/anoaa, aa?aioe?othuee a? eni?aaiia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea (i?eeaaaaony ianii?o caaiaea ecaioiaeoaey).

«A aeenoeeieeia?iii ?aaeeia, iai?ioea, eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeey yaeyaony
«ienoiaeyuae»: /ai aieaa aiiieiiie e ooieoeeiiaeueiie noaiiaeoueny
aeanoue, oai aieueoa eiaeeaeaeoaeece?oaony oa, iaae eai iia
ioi?aaeyaony; iia ioi?aaeyaony /a?ac iaaeci?, a ia oea?aiiiee; /a?ac
iaaethaeaiea, a ia iaii?eaeueiua iiaanoaiaaiey; /a?ac iniiaaiiua ia
«ii?ia» n?aaieoaeueiua ecia?aiey, a ia aaiaaeiaee, aaaeoueany io
i?aaeeia; /a?ac «ioeeiiaiey», a ia iiaeaeae. A nenoaia aeenoeeieeiu
?aa?iie eiaeeaeaeoaeece?oaony aieueoa, /ai ac?ineue, aieueiie –
aieueoa, /ai caei?iaue, noianoaaeoee e i?anooiiee – aieueoa, /ai
ii?iaeueiue e caeiiiiineooiue. A eaaeaeii oiiiyiooii neo/aa ana
eiaeeaeaeoaeece?othuea iaoaieciu iaoae oeeaeeecaoeee iai?aaeaiu eiaiii
ia ia?aiai; anee aea iaaei eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaoue caei?iaiai,
ii?iaeueiiai e caeiiiiineooiiai ac?ineiai, anaaaea ni?aoeaatho: iiiai ee
inoaeinue a i?i io ?aa?iea, eaeia oaeiia aacoiea ii ian?o a naaa, eaeia
na?ue?cii i?anooieaiea ia/oae niaa?oeoue. Ana iaoee, oi?iu aiaeeca e
i?aeoeee, eiathuea a nai?i iacaaiee ei?aiue «ineoi», i?ienoiaeyo io
yoiai enoi?e/aneiai ia?aai?a/eaaiey i?ioeaaeo? eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee.
Iiiaio ia?aoiaea io enoi?eei-?eooaeueiuo iaoaieciia oi?ie?iaaiey
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe e iao/ii-aeenoeeieeia?iui iaoaieciai, eiaaea
ii?iaeueiia acyei aa?o iaae ianeaaenoaaiiui, a ecia?aiea – iaae noaoonii
(caiaiea oai naiui eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea, eioi?iai iiiiyo,
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoueth /aeiaaea en/eneyaiiai), iiiaio, eiaaea noaee
aiciiaeiu iaoee i /aeiaaea, anoue iiiaio, eiaaea auee inouanoaeaiu iiaay
oaoiieiaey aeanoe e iiaay iieeoe/aneay aiaoiiey oaea».

I.6. ?aaeno?aoeey.

Eaaeaeue /eai iauanoaa (?aaii – aaeeieoea iauanoaa, a?aaeaeaiei)
aeieaeai eiaoue ianii?o (aeieoiaio, oaeinoiaa?ythuee ee/iinoue). A i?i
caienaii: Eiy, Oaieeey e Io/anoai, aeaoa e ianoi ?iaeaeaiey, ianoi
?aaeno?aoeee, aieineay iaycaiiinoue e o. ae. Aeaiiue aeieoiaio caaa?ai
ioaeaeii aioo?aiieo aeae e o. ae. Eiaiii n yoei aeieoiaioii ?aaioatho
einoeooou aeanoe. Aaaeii ia oi, /oi aiai?eo /aeiaae (ethaee eiatho
niiniaiinoue iaiaiuaaoue), a oi /oi caienaii a aeieoiaioa. Yoi
na?oeoeeao niioaaonoaey. Eaaeaeue oaeie aeieoiaio eiaao na?eth e iiia?,
oi anoue eiae. Eaaeaeay aaeeieoea iauanoaa iieo/aao iiia?, ii eioi?iio
iia eaeaioeoeoee?oaony. Ia eaaeaeiai eiaeeaeaea iiaeii aanoe aeinuea –
eiaeeaeaeoaeueioth enoi?eth aeecie. Iiaeii aanoe enoi?eth oaea eae
enoi?eth aieacie. Oaeea enoi?ee iiaeii ninoaaeyoue a eaoaeiae,
nenoaiaoece?iaaoue, ?acaeaaoue ii ?iaeai e aeaeai. Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay
enoi?ey noaiiaeoueny iauaeoii, /anoueth nenoaiu iauae enoi?ee
ainoaea?noaa.

I.7.Ae?iaeaiea.

Eaaeaeue iieo/aao naith y/aeeo ni naiei iiia?ii a eaoaeiaa. A
Iaiiioeeiia eaaeaeue iieo/aao naith eaia?o. Aeanoue neaaeeo ia ca anaie
aianoa, a ca eaaeaeui a ioaeaeueiinoe. Eaaeaeue ian?o ioaaonoaaiiinoue,
a ia ana ianoo ioaaonoaaiiinoue iauoth. I?ienoiaeeo ae?iaeaiea ia
aaeeieoeu. A neo/aa ia?ooaiey caeiia a?oiiie eeoe, ioaaonoaaiiinoue
ian?o eaaeaeue a ioaeaeueiinoe ca iauaa i?anooieaiea. I?e yoii
i?anooieaieth, niaa?o?iiiio a ninoaaa a?oiiu niioaaonoaoao aieaa no?iaia
iaeacaiea, iaaeaee iiaeiaiiio i?anooieaieth niaa?o?iiiio iaeiei eeoeii.
A?oiiiaia i?anooieaiea yaeyaony ioya/athuei ianoiyoaeuenoaii, oae eae
ian?o aieueooth oa?ico aeey nioeeoia.

I?eeac eee ?anii?yaeaiea ioaea?ony iauaa aeey iaeiie a?oiiu, oi anoue,
aeey anao o/anoieeia, ii cao/eo iii aeey eaaeaeiai, iineieueeo
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca auiieiaiea i?eeaca ian?o eaaeaeue o/anoiee, ii
auiieiyaony ii anae a?oiiie, oae eae eaaeaeay aaeeieoea iaoiaeeony a
ooieoeeiiaeueiie naycaiiinoe n ae?oaeie aaeeieoeaie a?oiiu. Iieiiea
iaeiie aeaoaee i?eaiaeeo e ia?ooaieth ?aaiou anaai ocea iaoaiecia e,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, e ia?ooaieth anaai i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa.

*a?ac iiieiaiea iiaeiaaeci?iinoe eaaeaeui eiaeeaeaeii, inouanoaeyaony
nai?ea e ooieoeeiie?iaaiea iaoeiu (a?oiiu). (Eiiioiaeueiiai oaea). E yoi
oaea ia aanoi?iaiiay oieia, a eni?aaii ?aaioathuee iaoaieci, aaea
eaaeaeue eiaao nai? ianoi, auiieiyao naith ooieoeeth, iiae/eiyaony
iauaio a?aiyen/eneaieth e auiieiyao neio?iiiua aeaenoaey niaeanii
caaeaiiie i?ia?aiia.

«Aeenoeeieeiu aeieaeiu oaeaea oneeeaaoue aaeeie/ioth iieaciinoue
eaaeaeiai yeaiaioa iiiaeanoaa, i?e/ai naiuie auno?uie e aeao?auie
niiniaaie, eniieuecoy aeey yoiai, oae neacaoue, naii iiiaeanoai.
Ionthaea eniieueciaaiea, aeey ecaea/aiey ec oae iaeneioia a?aiaie e nee,
iaueo iaoiaeia, ecaanoiuo eae ?anii?yaeie aeiy, eieeaeoeaiay iooo?a,
oi?aaeiaiey, aeiaaeueiue e aianoa n oai aeaoaeueiue iaaeci?. E?iia oiai,
aeenoeeieeia oneeeaaao yooaeo iieaciinoe iiiaeanoa, aeiaeaaynue, /oia
eaaeaeia ec ieo auei iieaciaa i?inoie noiiu naieo yeaiaioia; eiaiii aeey
oaaee/aiey iieaciuo naienoa iiiaeanoaa aeenoeeieeiu aaiaeyo oaeoeee
?ani?aaeaeaiey, iaithaeiiai i?eniiniaeaiey oae, aeanoia e ?eoiia,
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiea niiniaiinoae, acaeiiie eii?aeeiaoeee ioiineoaeueii
aiia?aoa eee caaea/. Iaeiiaoe, aeenoeeieeiu aeieaeiu aaiaeeoue a ea?o
ioiioaiey aeanoe (ia iaae iiiaeanoaii, ii a naiie aai oieua) eae iiaeii
aieaa iacaiaoiui, eae iaeuecy eo/oa naycaiiui n ae?oaeie aai ooieoeeyie
e iaeiaiaa aei?iainoiyuei ia?acii: yoie oeaee ioaa/atho aiiieiiua
eino?oiaiou aeanoe, nii?ioyaeaiiua n iiiaeanoaii, eioi?ia iie
nenoaiaoece?otho e oieoeoee?otho, – ea?a?oe/aneee iaaeci?, iai?a?uaiay
caienue e ?aaeno?aoeey, aa/iay ioeaiea e eeanneoeeaoeey».

§3 «Ia?aciaaiea» e «ecaioiaeaiea».

I.1. Aeenoeeieeia?iia i?ino?ainoai oeieu.

Einoeooo ia?aciaaiey. Aai oae aea iiaeii iienaoue eae iaoeio a nenoaia
ainoaea?noaa. «Caaiae», ia eioi?ii ecaioaaeeaatho aeaoaee. Ii aea
einoeooo nioeeaeecaoeee e noaiaea?oecaoeee. Caeanue i?ienoiaeeo
aaeaioaoeey ?aa?iea e aeecie a nioeeoia. Iiai?iaeaeaiiue iaoa?eae, ec
eioi?iai iaaei naeaeaoue «iieiioeaiiiai» /eaia iauanoaa.

Oeiea oae aea yaeyaony aeenoeeieeia?iui i?ino?ainoaii. ?anienaiea
caiyoee, a?aiy ia/aea caiyoee e eo i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue, aeenoeeieeia:
/oi aeieaeai e /aai ia aeieaeai aeaeaoue o/aiee ia caiyoeyo, oeaea
ioeaiie iiaeaioiaee o/aieea. A ia/aeueiie oeiea ioaeaeueii ioeaieaaaony
i?eeaaeaiea e ioaeaeueii iiaaaeaiea o/aieea, i?e yoii neaaeoao ia?aoeoue
aieiaiea ia oi, /oi ioeaiea yoa eanaaony ia oieueei iiaaaeaiey o/aieea
ai a?aiy caiyoee, ii e iiaaaeaiey ai aanue ia?eiae i?enoonoaey ia
oa??eoi?ee oeieu. Io/anoe yoi iiaeao auoue ii?aaaeaii oaoieeie
aaciianiinoe. Ii yoi oaoieea aaciianiinoe ia anth i?aaenoiyuoth aeeciue
e ca i?aaeaeaie o/aaiiai caaaaeaiey, a? aoi?ia eiy – aeenoeeieeia. E
aeaaea ia iai?io: «oaoieea aaciianiinoe» – aoi?ia eiy aeenoeeieeiu. Oae
aea iiaeao auoue ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia iiiu?aiee e iaeacaiee (caia/aiee)
ca «iauanoaaiioth aeayoaeueiinoue», oi anoue: iieeaaiea oeaaoia,
«naiiioaa?aeaiioth» ?aaioo ia aeaaeo?noaa, iniaoth aaeeoaeueiinoue e oae
aeaeaa. Ioeaiee, iieo/aaiua o/aieeii, a oae aea iiiu?aiey e acuneaiey
?aaeno?e?othony a aeo?iaea i?aiiaeaaaoaey e a aeiaaieea o/aieea. A
iaycaiiinoe o/auaainy oeieu aoiaeeo ?aaoey?iia iinauaiea o/aaiiai
caaaaeaiey, iiae/eiaiea i?aaeeai, aeaenoaothuei ia oa??eoi?ee oeieu,
auiieiaiea aeiiaoieo caaeaiee e o.ae.

I?ioeann iao/aiey aeaeeony ia ia?eiaeu (noaaeee – eeannu), oi anoue
?aciua o?iaie, ii i?ioanoaee eioi?uo o/aiee aeieaeai aea?aeaoue yecaiai.
I?ienoiaeeo ae?iaeaiea ii aic?anoiui eaoaai?eyi, io ieaaeoaai aic?anoa e
noa?oaio, e ii o?iaith neiaeiinoe ciaiee, io i?inoiai e neiaeiiio.

«Eiaiii yoi aeenoeeieeia?iia a?aiy iinoaiaiii aiaae?yaony a
iaaeaaiae/aneoth i?aeoeeo, iainiaeyy a?aiy iao/aiey e ioaeaeyy aai io
a?aiaie ac?ineinoe, a?aiaie aeaaeaiey ianoa?noaii. Onoaiaaeeaay
?acee/iua noaaeee, ioaeae?iiua ae?oa io ae?oaa an? aieaa o?oaeiuie
yecaiaiaie. Aaiaey i?ia?aiiu, eaaeaeay ec eioi?uo aeieaeia auiieiyoueny
ia ii?aaeae?iiie noaaeee e niaea?aeaoue oi?aaeiaiey aic?anoathuae
o?oaeiinoe».

«Aeiaaiee» – yoi aeieoiaio, eioi?ue aeey oeieu yaeyaony «ianii?oii» e
«o?oaeiaie eieaeeie» iaeiia?aiaiii. Ia eaaeaeiai o/aieea a oeiea
caaiaeeoueny «ee/iia aeaei», eioi?ia o?aieoueny a a?oeaa oeieu e iinea
oiai, eae oio iieo/eo aooanoao e noaiao auioneieeii. Yoi «aeaei» iiaeao
auoue cao?aaiaaii ae?oaeie einoeoooaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe a
ii?yaeea, i?aaeoniio?aiiii caeiiii. Oaeei ia?acii, iiaoi?yaony iiaeaeue:
«Ianii?oiue noie» – «ee/iia aeaei» – «ianii?o» e «Oeiea» – «ee/iia
aeaei» – «aeiaaiee». Ia?aia e aoi?ia ia aeaieieee, ii ?iaeiua a?aouey.
Caaaaii e naii iacaaiea «ee/iia aeaei», eioi?ia oaea aeaaii ia
aini?eieiaaony eae ee/iia, yoi i?inoi iaeioi?ay /anoue oaeoia ec aeecie
iaeiiai eiaeeaeaea. Iii ia iineo cia/aiey i?eaaoiiai, eioeiiiai. Iii,
aeaaea, a naiae iaoa?eaeueiie ioi?ieaiiinoe, a aeaea ni?aaie, caienie,
iocuaia, oa?aeoa?enoee, aeaeia e oae aeaeaa, a aeaea oienoie iaiee n
iiia?ii, ia i?eiaaeeaaeeo eiaeeaeaeo, eioi?iio th?eni?oaeaioeey aeaaii
i?eaeoiaea iacaaiea «oece/aneia eeoei». Yoi «ee/iia aeaei» iaoiaeeony a
aaaeaiee ainoaea?noaa e iiaeao, n iiaea/e aeanoe, noaoue aeinoiyieai
iauanoaaiiinoe.

?iaeeoaee ?aa?iea aeeth/aiu a i?ioeann ia?aciaaiey. A eo iaycaiiinoe
aoiaeeo eiio?ieue iaae auiieiaieai aeiiaoieo caaeaiee, i?iaa?ea
aeiaaieea (oiai naiiai «ianii?oa – o?oaeiaie eieaeee»), eioi?ue
caaa?yaony iiaeienueth ?iaeeoaeae, iinauaiea «?iaeeoaeueneeo nia?aiee».
E /oi aaaeii – ooieoeey iaeacaiey ?aa?iea, oi anoue ooieoeey acuneaiey
ca ia?ooaiea aeenoeeieeiu e/eee ieioia i?eeaaeaiea a oeiea.

I.2. I?iaeoeey aeenoeeieeia?iiai i?ino?ainoaa ainoaea?noaa ia oeieo. Eee
io oeieu e ainoaea?noao.

Eoae, iiiaaeay a oeieo, ?aa?iie iaoiaeeoueny a aeenoeeieeia?iii
i?ino?ainoaa. Ca iei iaaethaeatho, aai aeaenoaeyi aea?ony ioeaiea,
ioeaiee ?aaeno?e?othony e caiinyony a «ee/iia aeaei», oi anoue
caienuaaaony enoi?ey iao/aiey ?aa?iea. Ca ioeaieie aeaenoaee neaaeotho
iiiu?aiey eee iaeacaiey. O/aiee iaoiaeeoueny iiae iaaethaeaieai, e
iiieiaiea iiaeiaaeci?iinoe i?eoiaeeo n iiuoii, n iiuoii iiiu?aiee e
iaeacaiee. E caaea/a ia/aeueiie oeieu ninoieo ia oieueei a i?aiiaeaaaiee
ii?aaeae?iiuo o/aaiuo aeenoeeieei, ii e a oii, /oiau naeaeaoue o/aieea
aeenoeeieeie?iaaiiui.

Naiuey e oeiea a iaeiie naycea iiaeaee?otho aeenoeeieeia?iia
i?ino?ainoai ainoaea?noaa, a eioi?ia iiiaae?o auioneiee oeieu, iieo/ea
aooanoao c?aeinoe. E oeiea caeanue ian?o ooieoeeth einoeoooa
nioeeaeecaoeee.

*oiau noaoue auioneieeii, o/aiee aeieaeai naeaoue yecaiaiu e iieo/eoue
aooanoao, eioi?ue yaeyaony ainoaea?noaaiiui aeieoiaioii,
iiaeoaa?aeaeathuei aeaaeaiea auioneieea ii?aaeae?iiuie iaaueaie e
ciaieyie. Eae e ethaie i?iaeoeo, aeaoaeue i?ioiaeeo /a?ac ioaeae
eiio?iey ea/anoaa e oai iia iiaeaa?aaaony ii?aaeae?iiui eniuoaieyi, oi
anoue oanoe?oaony. Iinea yoiai e iae i?eeaaaaony na?oeoeeao – aeieoiaio,
aa?aioe?othuee niioaaonoaea ainoaea?noaaiiiio noaiaea?oo.

§4. I?eioeei i?e/anoiinoe.

I.1. «Iaycaoaeueiua» ia?aciaaoaeueiua aeenoeeieeiu.

A oeiea caeeaaeuaaaony i?eioeei i?e/anoiinoe e iauanoao,
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue eaaeaeiai ainoaea?noao. Aeaaiaea?y yoiio i?eioeeio
eaaeaeue eiaeeaeae eaeaioeoeoee?oaony eae a?aaeaeaiei. Aeaeaaony yoi
aeaaiaea?y ?yaeo iaycaoaeueiuo i?aaeiaoia: «enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa»,
«?iaeiie ycue». (Neaaeiaaei au aeeth/eoue a yoio nienie e i?aaiaaaeaiea,
ii iii i?aiiaea?ony ia ai anao oeieao, e a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa –
oaeoeueoaoeaii. Ii ooo i?e/eia ae?oaiai ?iaea. «Iaciaiea caeiiia ia
inaiaiaeaeaao io ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca eo ia?ooaiea». Caeii – iaeei ec
yeaiaioia, caaeathueo iiea aeenoeeieeia?iiai i?ino?ainoaa, ii ii
aeaenoaoao ecaia, ia caaeneii io eiaeeaeaea. Oi anoue, aeey oiai /oiau
caionoeoue iaoeio i?aainoaeey, aiana ia iaycaoaeueii, /oiau iiaenoaeeiue
eiae eaeea-eeai i?aaenoaaeaiey i caeiia.)

I.2. Ainoaea?noaaiiue ycue.

sscue, eae n?aaenoai eiiioieeaoeee, iaiaoiaeei aeey acaeiiaeaenoaey
aaeeieoe, iiyoiio aeieaeai auoue iauei a ?aieao iaeiie nenoaiu. Eco/aiea
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ycuea iaycaoaeueii aeey eaaeaeiai aoaeouaai
a?aaeaeaieia. Aiiaua, i?e/anoiinoue eiaeeaeaea e eoeueoo?a e enoi?ee
eaeiai-eeai ia?iaea e, niioaaonoaaiii i?e/anoiinoue e ii?aaeae?iiui
acaeyaeai e oeaiiinoyi iiaeao, io/anoe, ii?aaeaeyoueny ii ycueo, ia
eioi?ii ii aiai?eo. I?aaiienaiea (i?oia?aoey, neioaenen, ioieooaoeey) –
aeenoeeieeia ycuea. ?a/ue aeenoeeieeie?oaony ienueiaiiui ycueii. A
Ae?aaiai ?eia, i?aaeaea /ai i?aoi? i?ieciinee ?a/ue, ii caienuaae a? e
auo/eaae iaeconoue. Aeenoeeieeia?iua i?ino?ainoaa aicaeaenoaotho oae aea
e ia ?a/ue eiaeeaeaea. Anoue neiaa e au?aaeaiey, eioi?ua ia anaaaea e
aacaea iiaeii i?ieciineoue. Yoe aea neiaa e au?aaeaiey oae aea
iacuaathony «iaia/aoiuie». ?a/ue, oaeei ia?acii, ni noi?iiu ienueia
iiaeaa?aaaony iaeioi?iio aeenoeeieeia?iiio aicaeaenoaeth a ?aieao
aeenoeeieeia?iiai i?ino?ainoaa. Onoiay ?a/ue ioi?ieyaony a ienueiaiiii
aeaea ii?aaeae?iiui ia?acii.

*enoiienaiea, eae «/enoia ienueii» (eaeeea?aoey). ?aiueoa, aei iiyaeaiey
ia/aoiuo iaoei, a iinea, oaea e eiiiuethoa?a, aio oaeaeyeinue a
ia/aeueiie oeiea cia/eoaeueii aieueoa aieiaiey. Ienueii, eae niinia
ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee aae?anaoo, aeieaeii auoue aeinooiii aeey
i?i/oaiey. Iiyoiio auea ?ac?aaioaia oaoieea /enoiienaiey. Yoi oiaea
naiaai ?iaea aeenoeeieeia oaea, ?aaeeciaaiiay a aeenoeeieeia iaienaiey
aoea, neia e oae aeaeaa. Ii?aaeae?iiue iaaeei ia?a, «i?aaeeueiia»
niaaeeiaiea aoea, ?iaiue iaeeiaeiaue iaeeii aoea. Yoi no?aieaiea e
enei?aiaieth eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe ii/a?ea, naienoaaiiiai ethaiio
/aeiaaeo, a aea?oao eioa?noauaeoeaiinoe ienueia. A aeaiiue iiiaio yoa
eioa?noauaeoeaiinoue ienueia ?aaeeciaaia a ia/aoiuo aoeaao iaoei e
o?eooao eiiiuethoa?a.

A ?aieao i?iecaiaenoaa: ycue – yoi niinia ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee,
iaiaoiaeeiie aeey ?aaiou iaoaiecia. E e niiauaieth i?aaeuyaeythony
niioaaonoaothuea o?aaiaaiey: iaeiicia/iinoue, yniinoue e io/aoeeainoue,
oi anoue eioi?iaoeey aeieaeia auoue iieiinoueth aini?eiyoa aae?anaoii.
Ca ii?aaeae?iiui i?eeacii eiiaiaee?a aeieaeii neaaeiaaoue
niioaaonoaothuaa aeaenoaea iiae/ei?iiiai. Eioi?iaoeey, a caaeneiinoe io
a? niaea?aeaiey e i?aaeiacia/aiey iiaeao auoue i?aaiaie,
anoanoaaiiiiao/iie, nae?aoiie e oae aeaeaa. Iia iiaeao auoue ?acee/iie,
a? iiaeii ?acaeaaoue ii ?iaeai e aeaeai ioiineoaeueii niaea?aeaiey,
nenoaiaoece?iaaoue, o?aieoue a a?oeaao. Ii ycue, eae n?aaenoai,
aa?aioe?othuaa aini?eyoea eioi?iaoeee eaaeaeui a?aaeaeaieiii, inoa?ony
ainoaea?noaaiiui. Ana caeiiu e aeieoiaiou aeieaeiu auoue iaienaiu ia
ainoaea?noaaiiii ycuea e ioi?ieaiu ii?aaeae?iiui ia?acii. Oi anoue,
iiieiaiea ainoaea?noaaiiuo caeiiia e oeacia aa?aioe?oaony ciaieai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ycuea. (Iaeiaei, caeanue aicieeaao i?iaeaia,
caeeth/athuayny a neaaeothuai: i?aeoeea iieacuaaao, /oi aeey oiai /oiau
?acae?aoueny a caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa e aiiaua anae th?eaee/aneie
eeoa?aoo?a, iaiaoiaeeii /ooue ee ia niaoeeaeueiia ia?aciaaiea a iaeanoe
th?eni?oaeaioeee, eioi?ia i?aaeiieaaaao ciaiea oa?ieiieiaee.
Oa?ieiieiaey aiiaua nouanoaoao a ethaie niaoeeaeueiinoe, iineieueeo
oaeiaia a eniieueciaaiee. Oa?ieiu, eae i?aaeei, eiatho /?oeia
ii?aaeaeaiea, e oaeei ia?acii nicaeatho aeenoeeieeio iaeiicia/iiai e
/?oeiai aini?eyoey iaienaiiiai eee i?iecian?iiiai. Ii caeanue iu
noaeeeaaainy n yoie i?iaeaiie iaecaaaeii, oae eae, anee a iaienaiee
caeiiia iu ia aoaeai eniieueciaaoue th?eaee/aneoth oa?ieiieiaeth, oi ia
niiaeai aeiaeoueny iaeiicia/iinoe e yniinoe caeiiia, eioi?ie, i?aaaea, e
oae ia aeiaeaaainy, n ae?oaie noi?iiu – iu ia iiaeai iaienaoue caeiiu ia
iau/iii ?acaiai?iii ycuea, eniieuecoaiii a iianaaeiaaiuo neooaoeeyo,
iineieueeo a aeaiiii neo/aa iu oi/ii ia aeiaueainy yniinoe e
iaeiicia/iinoe a oieeiaaiee, ii yoie i?e/eia aeaiiue «caeii» aiiaua ia
niiaeao auoue caeiiii.) Ii, ianiio?y ia oi, /oi eioi?iaoeey, eioi?ay
eiaee?oaony a oa?ieiao aeaeaei ia anaaaea e anai iiiyoia, ycue auiieiyao
naith eiiioieeaoeaioth ooieoeeth. Ainoaea?noaaiiue ycue naycuaaao
eaaeaeiai a?aaeaeaieia n iauanoaii, oeacuaaao ia i?e/anoiinoue iauanoao
e yaeyaony oneiaeai acaeiiaeaenoaey eiaeeaeaeia.

I.3. Enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa.

Au? iaeei niinia oi?ie?iaaiey a?aaeaeaieia – i?e/anoiinoue e enoi?ee
ainoaea?noaa. «I?e-/anoiinoue» – eaaeaeue ?iaeae?iiue e aeeaouee a
ainoaea?noaa yaeyaony /anoueth aai enoi?ee. A naiii «a?aaeaeainoaa»
caeiaeai i?eioeei i?e/anoiinoe ei anaio, /oi i?ienoiaeeo a ainoaea?noaa,
e enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa. Anoue iauay enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa aeey eaaeaeiai.
Yoi oi, n /ai eaaeaeue oaea ?iaeaeaaony, oi a /?i ii o/anoaoao, oi anoue
enoi?ey aea?ony io ?iaeaeaiey (eee i?eia?aoaaony aianoa n
a?aaeaeainoaii) e /a?ac i?e/anoiinoue e enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa eiaeeaeae
eaeaioeoeoee?oaony eae a?aaeaeaiei.

Aeanoue i?aaiecoao i?ino?ainoai enoi?ee e oaea?aeeaaao yoi i?ino?ainoai.
Eaaeaeay aaeeieoea iauanoaa iieo/aao ianoi a yoii i?ino?ainoaa. Yoe
aaeeieoeu acaeiiaeaenoaotho ii?aaeae?iiui ia?acii, eo aeaenoaey
iiae/eiythony aeenoeeieeia. Anoue iauea aeey eaaeaeiai oa??eoi?ey
ainoaea?noaa, enoi?ey, a?aiy, ycue e caeii. Eiaeeaeae ia eiaao naiae
eciee?iaaiiie enoi?ee, aai «enoi?ey» anaaaea naycaia n enoi?eae
ainoaea?noaa, eioi?ay a naith i/a?aaeue ninoieo ec ae?oaeo oaeeo
«enoi?ee». Oae aea eae eiaeeaeaeu ooieoeeiiaeueii naycaiu iaaeaeo niaie,
oae e eo «enoi?ee» iinoiyiii ia?aieaoathony i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiuie
naycyie. Yoi oiaea iaoaieci, eioi?ue oi?aaeyaony ainoaea?noaii. A?oeau e
eaoaeiae. Niauoey caienuaathony e nenoaiaoece?othony, oieeothony
aeanoueth.

I.4. Ae?iaeaiea niauoee, onoaiiaeaiea aeiiaiinoe.

Niauoey ia aeieaeiu oneieuecaoue io aeanoe. Iaoaieci anaaaea ?aaioaao a
naycea «i?e/eia-neaaenoaea». A neooaoeee n i?ino?ainoaii enoi?ee yoi
oioaeueiia i?e/eiii – neaaenoaaiiia acaeiiaeaenoaea. E yoa naycea a
oeaeie nenoaia naaa iiaeiaiuo, oaea auaeaeyaony oieueei eae /anoiue
neo/ae, eioi?ue ia auiaaeaao ec oeaeiai iioiea i?e/eiu e neaaenoaee, oi
anoue ii ia eciee?iaai e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ia aeeooa?aioee?oai. Ii aai
iiaeii «auoaueoue» aeey ?anniio?aiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie enoi?ee. Oaeia
«auoaneeaaiea» i?ienoiaeeo ii iiiyoiui i?e/eiai, anee i?eiyoue ai
aieiaiea oi, i /ai aiai?eeinue auoa: «aeanoue aicaeaenoaoao ia
eaaeaeiai». E eae iaea?aiii a yoie neooaoeee auaeyaeeo ethaia «ee/iia
aeaei», eiaaea a noaea i?eieiathony ai aieiaiea eaeea–oi «iniaaiiinoe»
(ee/iua ea/anoaa) iiaenoaeeiiai e i?e yoii ?anniao?eaathony
«niya/athuea» e «ioya/athuea» ianoiyoaeuenoaa, i?e eioi?uo auei
niaa?oaii i?anooieaiea e caeiiu, eioi?ua aeaenoaotho ia anao, e aeey
anao iaeeiaeiai «ni?aaaaeeeau». Eoae, noae, a ?aaii «iaoeia
i?aainoaeey», iie?aynue ia «ee/iia aeaei», oi anoue «eiaeeaeaeoaeueioth
enoi?eth», iiaeao auianoe i?eaiai?, iacia/eoue iaeacaiea. Aeey oiai
/oiau iaeacuaaoue, iaaei ouaoaeueii ?acae?aoue enoi?eth eiaeeaeaea, eee
iaaieueoie a?oiiu, oi anoue iaaei au?uaaoue a? ec eiioaenoa anae enoi?ee
iauanoaa., a i?ioeaiii neo/aa i?eae?ony iaeacaoue anao ca iinooiie
iaeiiai /aeiaaea, oae eae ana oaea iaoiaeyony a aaneiia/iie naycea
i?e/eiu e neaaenoaey.

*oiau niaethaeaeanue aeenoeeieeia a iauanoaa, aeanoe iaiaoiaeeii
ae?iaeoue ianno ia eiaeeaeaeu e aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia eaaeaeiai.

§5. Enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa e aeanoue.

I.1. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey /a?ac i?e/anoiinoue e enoi?ee.

Ainoaea?noaaiiay aeanoue iie?aaony ia enoi?eth ainoaea?noaa, eioi?oth
iinoiyiii aini?iecaiaeeo. Ii iie?aaony ia i?yii ia eaeea-oi enoi?e/aneea
oaeou e aeaaea ia ia eo oieeiaaiea. Aeanoue iie?aaony ia niciaiea
i?e/anoiinoe eaaeaeiai a?aaeaeaieia e enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa e oaeei
ia?acii ia i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue eaaeaeiai a?aaeaeaieia ainoaea?noao. Oae
aea eae /anoue i?eiaaeeaaeeo oeaeiio. Ia niciaiee i?e/anoiinoe
ainoaea?noao oi?ie?oaony /oanoai a?aaeaeainoaaiiinoe (a?aaeaeaineiai
aeieaa). Oaeia /oanoai a?aaeaeainoaaiiinoe eaeaioeoeoee?oao eiaeeaeaea
eae /anoue e aeenoeeieeie?oao. Oaeay eaeaioeoeeaoeey eae?o io iauaai e
/anoiiio. A?aaeaeaiei i?eiaaeeaaeeo ainoaea?noao, ii ia ainoaea?noai
a?aaeaeaieio. Iiaeii iii?iaiaaoue ?annoaeeoue nianai i?inoi, oi anoue
ainoaea?noai eae oeaeia ia i?eiaaeeaaeeo iaeiiio a?aaeaeaieio, ii
a?aaeaeaiei eae /anoue i?eiaaeeaaeeo aio, iaeiaei, ainoaea?noai
i?eiaaeeaaeeo anai aai a?aaeaeaiai eae oeaeiio iauanoao (aio yoi oaea
aieueoay aeaiie?aoe/aneay eeethcey), e oiaaea eaaeaeiio a?aaeaeaieio
i?eiaaeeaaeeo /anoue ainoaea?noaa. Eacaeinue au, /oi caeanue neiaeiiai.
Ii i?iaeaia caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi ainoaea?noai – yoi ia
aeeooa?aioee?oaiia oeaeia, yoi ioeaaeaiiue iaoaieci. Aeanoue aoaeao
iiaeaaeyoue anyeoth iiiuoeo ae?iaeoue ainoaea?noaaiioth oa??eoi?eth ia
/anoe. Ii naia iia aoaeao aeeooa?aioee?iaaoue «anao» ia «eaaeaeuo»,
iauanoai ia aaeeieoeu, iaoaieci ia oceu e aeaoaee. Anaie oi?aaeyoue
iaaiciiaeii, eaaeaeui – oaeiaii e yooaeoeaii.

Niciaiea i?e/anoiinoe e enoi?ee, eioi?ia caeeaaeuaaaony a oae iacuaaaiii
«ia?eiaea oi?ie?iaaiey ee/iinoe» a oeiea, a a aeaiiii eiioaenoa «a
i?ioeanna ecaioiaeaiey aeaoaee» – yoi «i?ia?aiia». I?ia?aiia, eioi?ay
caaea?o naiieaeaioeoeeaoeeth eiaeeaeaea eae /anoe. Yoi ?aoaao ?yae
i?iaeai, naycaiiuo n iioeaaoeeae iinooieia, naiiii?aaeaeaieai,
aini?eyoeai i?ienoiaeyueo aie?oa niauoee e eo ioeaieie e oae aeaeaa. N
/oanoaii i?e/anoiinoe eiaeeaeae iieo/aao caaeaiioth i?ia?aiio aeaenoaee,
eioi?ay eiaee?oaony a enoi?ee.

I.2. A?iaeae?iiay i?e/anoiinoue e «caaeaiiay i?ia?aiia».

Io ?iaeaeaiey eiaeeaeae i?e/anoai enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa. Ii aienai a
i?ino?ainoai enoi?ee. E eiaeeaeae n oei?ai?iiui niciaieai i?e/anoiinoe
iaieioee?oaony aeanoueth neaaeothuei ia?acii. Iiieii i?ino?ainoaa
enoi?ee – oi anoue nienea oaeoia e niauoee n ii?aaeaeaieai ianoa e
a?aiaie, anaaaea nouanoaoao ioiioaiea eiaeeaeaea e yoei niauoeyi,
iineieueeo ii i?e/anoai enoi?ee. E n yoie i?e/anoiinoueth iieo/aao
caaeaiiua iinooiee e iioeaaoeee a ?aciuo neooaoeeyo. N yoi
i?e/anoiinoueth ii iieo/aao eaeaioeoeeaoeeth. Oi anoue nouanoaoao
i?ino?ainoai ?aaeueiuo niauoee e i?ino?ainoai ioiioaiee a?aaeaeai e yoei
niauoeyi (i?ino?ainoai ioeaiee).

I.3. Neioeyoeey enoi?ee e iaieioeyoeey iauanoaii.

Ii ooo e?oa caiueaaony. Aianoa n i?e/anoiinoueth e enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa,
eiaeeaeae iieo/aao e caaeaiiia ioiioaiea e niauoeyi, eae i?ioaaeoei, oae
e i?ienoiaeyuei. Aeanoue i?iecaiaeeo oaeie e?oa neaaeothuei ia?acii:
«oi?ie?oaony» – neioee?oaony iaeia «iauanoaaiiia ioiioaiea»
(«iauanoaaiiia iiaiea») e eiaeeaeae, eae /anoue iauanoaa i?eaioe?oaony
ia iaai. *a?ac «iauanoaaiiia ioiioaiea» aeanoue iiaeao iaiyoue ioiioaiea
eiaeeaeaea e niauoeyi eee aucuaaoue aac?acee/ea e aacaeaenoaea, /oi
oiaea yaeyaony ?acoeueoaoii aicaeaenoaey.

Aeanoue iie?aaony ia enoi?eth, a eiaiii, caieiaaony oieeiaaieai niauoee
a naith iieueco, eee oiae/eaaao i ieo. Eniieuecoao enoi?eth aeey
iaieioee?iaaiey iauanoaii.

A ?aaioa «I iieueca e a?aaea enoi?ee aeey aeecie» Ieoeoa oeacuaaao ia
oi, /oi enoi?ey caaea?ony oeaiiinoyie ianoiyuaai, oi anoue ianoiyuaa
eiino?oe?oao enoi?eth. Cia/eo enoi?ey eneeth/eoaeueii eaeaieiae/ia.
«Iai?a/eaaoueny ia i?ioeia, yoi cia/eo ia eaeoe ieeoaea».

I.4. Io niiiaiey a iiaeeeiiinoe enoi?ee e i?iaeaia naiieaeaioeoeeaoeee.

E ooo anoa?o ?yae niiiaiee, ia/eiay io aooaioe/iinoe iocaeiuo
yeniiiaoia, aei iiaeeeiiinoe aeieoiaioia e oaeoia, enoiaey ec eioi?uo,
aeathony eaeea-eeai ioeaiee. Ec niiiaiey a enoeiiinoe enoi?ee aicieeaao
oeaeue ?yae niiiaiee, eanathueony eiaeeaeaea. E yoi iiaei au auaeyaeaoue
neaaeothuei ia?acii: io niiiaiey a enoeiiinoe enoi?e/aneeo oaeoia e
niiiaieth a iauanoaaiiii iiaiee, io yoiai e niiiaieth a i?e/anoiinoe e
enoi?ee (auoue /anoueth eeethcee, oeeoeee – niiieoaeueiia
naiiooaa?aeaeaiea), aeieaa e niiiaieth a i?e/anoiinoe iauanoao e ooo
oaea aicieeaao i?iaeaia n eaeaioeoeeaoeeae ecaia.

I.5. «*aeiaae – cai/anoue».

Anee oa?aoue ana nioeeaeueiua einoeooou e enoi?eth, oi aaea inoa?ony
/aeiaae? Eoi oaeie /aeiaae? Iaoaeaee ii nouanoaoao oieueei oiaaea,
eiaaea ie?oae?i anaie yoeie i?eayceaie e einoeoooai aeanoe,
i?iecaiaenoaa, nioeeaeecaoeee e oae aeaeaa. Ii oie i?e/eia, /oi aei
yoiai ii iuouae naith i?e/anoiinoue e /aio-oi, oi iinoiyiii
eaeaioeoeoee?iaaeny eae /anoue. *anoue iaoaiecia, iauanoaa, eieeaeoeaa,
eeanna, a?oiiu, eiiiaiee, eeaia, ?iaea, naiuee, eanou, a?eaaaeu,
eiiaiaeu, io?yaea e oae aeaeaa. Ii iinoiyiii yaeyaony eaeie-oi /anoueth,
/anoueth ia naiiaeinoaoi/iie.

§ 6 Iiiuoea nai?ee eiaeeaeaea.

Io eaeaioeoeeaoeee naay ii i?e/anoiinoe iiaeii ia?aeoe e nai?ea. Oaeia
/anoi i?aeoeeoaony a iauanoaa. Nai?ea enoi?ee ec /anoae, eioi?ua
iauaaeeiythony iaeiei eiaeeaeaeii, e auno?aeaathony ei a oeaiue niauoee,
a noaeaeaiey ia iiuoa i?ioeiai. Oaeay oi?ia i?aaenoaaeaia eae aeiaaiee.
Aeiaaiee aea?o aiciiaeiinoue ?aaeno?e?iaaoue iiuo e auiineoue noaeaeaiey
ia iiuoa, a oae aea auiineoue noaeaeaiey a ianoiyuai i noaeaeaiee a
i?ioeii. Yoi nicaeaiea naiae enoi?ee. Aa?aio oiai, /oi y anoue ia
oieueei eae i?e/anoiinoue, a y iaeaaeathuaa naiae enoi?eae. Aeiaaiee eae
?aaeno? iiuoa ?aaeecoao aiciiaeiinoue ioiioaiey e naaa eae e iauaeoo,
eae iaeioi?iio y i?ioaaeoaio. Yoi enoi?ey iaeiiai /aeiaaea. Aaaeouee
aeiaaiee – yoi aeaaiue aa?ie naiaai ?anneaca, nicaeathuee iiea
noaeaeaiee ia iiuoa a oa/aiea iaeioi?iai a?aiaie. Oaeei ia?acii, ii eae
au nicaea?o nai? enoi?e/aneia i?ino?ainoai. Aaaeaiea aeiaaieea – yoi
iiiuoea oaea?aeaoue nianoaaiiia enoi?e/aneia i?ino?ainoai. *oaiea
aeiaaieea – ia?auaiea e enoi?ee io iiiaioa /oaiey e iiiaioai
i?aaeoanoaothuaai a eo aaeeinoaa, oaea?aeeaaaiii iaeiei aa?iai ss. E
aeaaiia a aeiaaieea ia aeaenoaey, eioi?ua a i?i iienuaaaony, a
iinoiyiiia i?enoonoaea ss, aai ni-auoea, eioi?ia ii iieo/aao a
i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee. A yoii i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee, ?acai?a/eaaaiii a
aeiaaieea, anaaaea anoue ianoi niauoey ss. Yoi niinia naii?aoeaenee, i?e
eioi?ii ss-i?ioeia noaiiaeoueny iauaeoii a ea?oeia e ii ioiioaieth e
iaio auiinyony noaeaeaiey ss-ianoiyuei, oi anoue noauaeoii. Ii yoe ss
anaaaea inoathony naycaiiuie enoi?eae. A aeiaaieea aie?oa enoi?ee ss
no?iyony ana niauoey. Aeiaaiee ?aaeecoao naycue noauaeoa e iauaeoa
iinyueo iaeii eiy. ss aue, e ss anoue e ia ?anoa?ye naiaai iiuoa e
oeaiiinoae.

Oioiaeueaii – oae aea niae?aao niauoey aie?oa iaeiiai /aeiaaea. Ii ii
aaaeao enoi?eth i?enoonoaey oaea. Acaeyae ia nai? oaei i?iecaiaeeo
nai?eo o?iiieiaee. Yoi eae ca?eaei, oeene?othuaa oi?io a ?aciua
ia?eiaeu. Ca?eaei aiiaua yaeyaony n?aaenoaii i?iecaiaenoaa aeenoeeieeiu
oaea. Ie?oaeathuee ie? aeeeooao, eaeei aeieaeii auoue oaei. Oae
iacuaaaiay «ianniaay eoeueoo?a» i?iecaiaeeo «eaeaaeu», eioi?ui iaaei
niioaaonoaiaaoue. Io?aaeaiea a ca?eaea e ia?ac «eaeaaea» caaeatho
aiciiaeiinoue n?aaiaiey. E oaei iiaeaa?aaaony iiaeno?aeaaieth,
niioaaonoaeth «eaeaaeo».

§ 7 Ianna.

A ?aaioao Ieoaey Ooei iauanoai i?aaenoaaeaii eae nenoaia
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiuo e ae?noei naycaiiuo aaeeieoe. Eae iauanoai
eiio?iee?oaiia e oi?aaeyaiia. Eco/aaiia e ecia?yaiia. Iauanoai,
oi?ie?oaiia aeanoueth. Iaaeaeeiay, ii yooaeoeaiay aeanoue, anaaaea
iiaeao aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia iauanoai. Iia iaaece?aao e iaeacuaaao,
eaaeaeiai. Ie/oi ia oneieuecaao io a? acaeyaea. Iia i?eiaiyao oaoiieiaee
oi?aaeaiey e oaea?aeaiey iauanoaa. Iae?i- e iee?ioeceea aeanoe,
iieeoe/aneay aiaoiiey, ea?a?oe/aneee iaaeci?, ?aaeno?aoeey e
eeanneoeeaoeey. Aeanoue ia nin?aaeioi/aia a iaeiii ianoa. Iia
?ani?ino?aiaia ii anai oaeo iauanoaa. Iia ?aaeecoaony /a?ac eaaeaeiai
iiaeiaaeci?iiai. Iia ae?iaeo iauanoai e niae?aao aai a iaoeio. ?aaee
iaeiie oeaee aeaenoaoao aeanoue – ?aaee ia? naiie, ?aaee naiaai
iinoiyiiiai i?e?auaiey.

«I?e i?enoaeueiii ?anniio?aiee aeanoue o Ooei no?aiiui ia?acii
iaiiieiaao «eiioeaioeeth nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa, noieue aea iiaoth,
eae e eiioeaioeey aeooaeueiuo oece/aneeo e iaoaiaoe/aneeo i?ino?ainoa»
eae aiai?eo Aeae?c, iaiaeeaeaiii ineaie?iiue aeaaiaeayieyie iaoee».

. Aiae?eey? ?anniao?eaaao «iauanoai» n ae?oaie noi?iiu. A aai ?aaioao,
iauanoai aiiaua ia?anoa?o auoue oaeiaui. Ia a?aio auoiaeyo iannu. Iannu,
eioi?ua ia iiaeaeathony ie aeeooa?aioeeaoeee, ie nenoaiaoecaoeee. Iie
aiiaua ia iiaeaeathony enneaaeiaaieth.

«Ianna ia?aaeienaeueia – iia ia yaeyaony ie noauaeoii
(noauaeoii-a?oiiie), ie iauaeoii. Eiaaea a? iuoathony i?aa?aoeoue a
noauaeo, iaia?oaeeaatho, /oi iia ia a ninoiyiee auoue iineoaeai
aaoiiiiiiai niciaiey. Eiaaea aea, iaiai?io, a? no?aiyony naeaeaoue
iauaeoii, oi anoue ?anniao?eaatho a ea/anoaa iiaeeaaeauaai ia?aaioea
iaoa?eaea, e noaayo oeaeueth i?iaiaeece?iaaoue iauaeoeaiua caeiiu,
eioi?ui iia yeiau iiae/eiyaony, noaiiaeony ynii, /oi ie ia?aaioea, ie
iiieiaieth, a oa?ieiao yeaiaioia, ioiioaiee, no?oeoo? e niaieoiiinoae
iia ia iiaeaea?ony».

Nioeeieiaey ia a ninoiyiee i?iecaanoe aiaeec a ioiioaiee iann. Ethaia
enneaaeiaaiea yoie iaeanoe i?eoiaeeo e i?iaaeo. Ianna ia eiaao
ii?aaeaeaiey. Iia – yoi iiea iinoiyiiiai iiaeiuaiey, eiieicee.
«Ciiaee?iaaiea» eae niinia enneaaeiaaiey ia aiciiaeii. Iannu neioee?otho
naith aeoeaiinoue. Ianna eia?oia. Iia iiaeiuaao ethaie niune. Iia
e??aoeeiiaeueia, eae iauanoai iio?aaeaiey. Ii yeiiiie/aneiio caeiio
i?aaeaeueiie iieaciinoe ianooiaao «iiiaio i?anuuaiey», ii ianna i?aaeiao
iio?aaeaiey i?aa?aoeea a ciae, eioi?ue oeacuaaao ia nioeeaeueiue noaoon.
I?aaeiao iio?aaeaiey noae au?aaeaoue iio?aaeoaey. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey /a?ac
aauue.

«…Neooaoeey n oaoieeie, iaoeie e ciaieai. Iie ia?a/aiu ia nouanoaiaaiea
a ea/anoaa iaae/aneeo i?aeoee e i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey iio?aaeaiey
c?aeeu. Oa aea neooaoeey e naiei iio?aaeaieai. Yeiiiienou, e naiaio
oaeeaeaieth oae e ia niiaee ?aoeeiiaeece?iaaoue aai, ianiio?y ia
iniiaaoaeueiinoue eo «oai?ee iio?aaiinoae», ianiio?y ia niaeanea iannu n
eo ?annoaeaeaieyie i oii, /oi a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe yaeyaony iieaciui, a
/oi iao. Eai ia iiaaaeaiee iannu yoio a? eiinainon n yeiiiienoaie iau/ii
(a iiaeao auoue, e ieeiaaea) ia neacuaaaony. Ianna ia?aaaea iio?aaeaiea
a ieineinoue, aaea aai o?iaaiue ieacuaaaony iieacaoaeai noaoona e
i?anoeaea, aaea iii auoiaeeo ca anyeea ?acoiiua i?aaeaeu, eee
neioee?oaony, aaea oea?noaoao iioea/ (Iioea/ – i?acaeiee o eiaeaeoeaa
Naaa?iie Aia?eee, nii?iaiaeaeathueeny ia?yaeaie iiaeiioaiey aea?ia oai,
eoi ia iaai i?eaeaoaeny. A yoeo ia?yaeao a neiaiee/aneie oi?ia
au?aaeaeinue niia?ie/anoai ?acee/iuo nioeeaeueiuo a?oii. Neiai
eniieuecotho oaeaea aeey iaicia/aiey naiie nenoaiu iaiaia,
neeaaeuaathuaainy iaaeaeo oaeiai ?iaea a?oiiaie.), eioi?ue ioiaiyao
eaeoth au oi ie auei iio?aaeoaeueneoth noieiinoue. Ia?au?iiua e iae
ianoie/eaua i?ecuau e i?aaeeueiiio, ?aoeeiiaeueiiio iio?aaeaieth
?acaeathony ni anao noi?ii (iie enoiaeyo e io ioeoeeaeueiie i?iiaaaiaeu,
e io iauanoaa iio?aaeoaeae, e io annioeeaoeee yeieiaia e nioeeieiaia),
ii an? iai?anii. I?eaioe?oynue ia noieiinoue/ciae, ia caaeoiuaaynue,
aeaeay ia ia? noaaeo (/oi yeiiiienoaie anaaaea – aeaaea eiaaea
i?aaenoaaeaiea ia yoie noieiinoe eae i /?i-oi aanueia iaonoie/eaii iie
iuoaeenue aaanoe a naie oai?ee – ?anniao?eaaeinue a ea/anoaa ionooieaiey
io i?eioeeiia yeiiiie/aneiai ?acoia), ianna ?ac?ooaao yeiiiieeo,
aunooiaao i?ioea «iauaeoeaiiai» eiia?aoeaa iio?aaiinoae e
?aoeeiiaeueiiai eiio?iey ca iaia?aieyie e ono?aieaieyie. Anee
noieiinoue/ciae i?ioeaiiinoaaeyaony ath iio?aaeoaeueiie noieiinoe, oi
ionthaea neaaeoao, /oi iia iaanoeaieaaao oaea e iieeoe/aneoth
yeiiiieth».

Eaeaioeoeeaoeey iio?aaeoaey /a?ac iauaeo iio?aaeaiey. Yoi i?ienoiaeeo,
eiaaea aauue iaaeaeyaony niuneii ia i?aaeiieaaaaiiai eniieueciaaiey, a
?aaioaao eae ciae. Aauue eae icia/athuaa ionueaao e icia/aaiiio –
nioeeaeueiiio noaoono iio?aaeoaey, e yoi noaiiaeony a? iniiaiie
ooieoeeae.

«…aaue, nooue eaoaai?ee aauae, eioi?ua naiui oe?aie/aneei ia?acii
nicaeatho eaoaai?ee ee/iinoae, – iie noa?aaoo ii?yaeie nioeeaeueiiai
niunea, ii?iaeaeaaiua eie cia/aiey no?iai eiio?iee?othony. A naiae
iiiaeanoaaiiinoe, iaeiia?aiaiii i?iecaieueiie e nayciie, iie
ieacuaathony iaeeo/oae iii?ie aeey noieue aea i?iecaieueiiai e nayciiai
nioeeaeueiiai no?iy, eioi?ue yooaeoeaii aiieiuaaony a ieo iiae ciaeii
eciaeeey».

Ianna nii?ioeaeyaony aiaeeco, aoaeue ii enoi?e/aneei eee iieeoe/aneei.
Iia iiaeiuaao ethaia aicaeaenoaea. A? «?aaeoeey» – yoi neioeyoeey. Ia
iiaeaeaaaynue eeanneoeeaoeee, iia ia?acoao iiea eeoauaai aac?acee/ey.
A?aaeoaoeeiiiia iiea, eioi?ia caoyaeaaao anyeee niune, e a eioi?ii niune
aanneaaeii en/acaao.

«…?aaeeeaeueiia eciaiaiea acaeiiioiioaiey iaaeaeo enoi?eae e
iianaaeiaaiinoueth, iaaeaeo ioaee/iie e /anoiie noa?aie. Aieioue aei
60-o aiaeia iiethnii neeu aunooiaea enoi?ey: /anoiia, iianaaeiaaiia
ieacuaaeenue eeoue ia?aoiie, oaiaaie noi?iiie iieeoe/aneiai. Iineieueeo,
iaeiaei, Acaeiiaeaenoaea aeaiiuo noi?ii auaeyaeaei a aunoae noaiaie
aeeaeaeoe/iui, eiaeenue ana iniiaaiey iaaeayoueny, /oi iianaaeiaaiia,
?aaii eae e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia, iaeiaaeaeu caeioo aeinoieiia ianoi ii oo
noi?iio enoi?e/aneiai, a oea?noaa oieaa?naeueiinoe. Eiia/ii, yoa
ia?niaeoeaa aini?eieiaeanue eae ioaeae?iiay – neeoeii i/aaeaeiuie auee
aucuaathuea niaeaeaiea ia?aie/aiiinoue aeoeaiinoe iann noa?ie aeiiaoiaai
oicyenoaa, eo ioeac io enoi?ee, iieeoeee e oieaa?naeueiiai, eo ?aaneay
caaeneiinoue io i?ioeanna ooiiai eaaeaeiaeiaaiiai iio?aaeaiey
(oniieaeaaei iaeii: iie caiyou o?oaeii, aeaaiaea?y /aio ca ieie
nio?aiyaony noaoon enoi?e/aneiai «iauaeoa» – aei oiai iiiaioa, iiea iie
ia ia?aooo niciaiea). Naaiaeiy i?aaenoaaeaiea i oii, eaeie ec aeaoo
iiethnia yaeyaony neeueiui, a eaeie neaaui, noaiiaeoueny i?yii
i?ioeaiiieiaeiui: iu ia/eiaai iiaeic?aaaoue, /oi iianaaeiaaiia,
aoaeie/iia nouanoaiaaiea ethaeae – yoi, aanueia aa?iyoii, aiana ia
iaeicia/auay eciaiea enoi?ee, e, aieaa oiai, /oi ooiae iann a iaeanoue
/anoiie aeecie – yoi nei?aa anaai, iaiin?aaenoaaiiue aucia
iieeoe/aneiio, oi?ia aeoeaiiai nii?ioeaeaiey iieeoe/aneie iaieioeyoeee.
?iee iaiythony: iiethnii neeu ieacuaathony oaea ia enoi?e/aneia e
iieeoe/aneia n eo aano?aeoiie niauoeeiinoueth, a eae ?ac iauaeaiiay,
oaeouay aeeciue, an? oi (aeeth/ay nthaea e naenoaeueiinoue), /oi
caeeaeieee eae iaeeiao?aeoaciia, ioa?aoeoaeueiia e aiieeoe/iia».

Aeanoue caieioeanue ia naiie naaa. E iannu ia iiaeaeathony aeanoe, iie
neioee?otho iiae/eiaiea. Eo iaei aaniieiyo iieeoe/aneea niauoey.
Iianaaeiaaiia e /anoiia acyei aa?o iaae aano?aeoii-oeaeinoiui
ainoaea?noaaiiui.

«Ianna ecaaaaao noai inaiaiaeaeaiey, ?aaiethoeee e enoi?e/iinoe – oae
iia caueuaaony, i?eieiaao ia?u i?ioea naiaai ss. Iia ooieoeeiie?oao ii
i?eioeeio neioeyoeee e iieiiai ?aoa?aioa, i?aaeiieaaathuaio iieeoe/aneee
eeann-oaioii e eneeth/athuaio eaeoth-eeai «aeanoue» iannu iaae naiie
niaie – ianna anoue a oi aea a?aiy e nia?oue, eiiaoe iieeoe/aneiai
i?ioeanna, eioi?iio iia iiaea au ieacaoueny iiaeeiio?ieueiie. Iia aoaeo
e iieeoe/aneoth aieth e iieeoe/aneoth ?ai?acaioaoeeth».

«…ianna – yoi iiea iiaeiuaiey e eiieicee, a ia iaaaoeaiinoe e ac?uaa».

Iaeanoue niauoey ia?aianoeeanue ec enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa, a enoi?eth
ee/iiai. Aeiaaiee e oioiaeueaii – aio aaea oaia?ue iaoiaeeony enoi?ey, a
eioi?ie anoue ianoi niauoey. Enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa noaea iaeanoueth
aaneiia/iie neioeyoeee. *aeiaae ia eaeaioeoeoee?oao naay ii
i?e/anoiinoe. Ii niae?aao yoe i?e/anoiinoe aie?oa naay, ii e a yoii
neo/aa ia iaoiaeeo oeaeinoiinoe. Iianaaeiaaiinoue noaea oaia?ue iniiaiie
caaioie /aeiaaea. «Vivo, ergo cogito». Iao niiiaiey a iianaaeiaaiinoe,
eae iao niiiaiey a nouanoaiaaiee. Iao iaaeiaiinoe oaeinoiaa?eony a
iaee/ee naaiaeiyoiaai aeiy. Eae iao iaaeiaiinoe a o?aineyoeee oeaiiinoe
ec i?ioeiai. Ooieoeeth nio?aiaiey oeaiiinoe acyee ia naay aaue. Anoue
aaue, eioi?ua iaiy ie?oaeatho, e anoue y, iioiio /oi iie a/a?a iaiy
ie?oaeaee, e caao?a iie aoaeoo. Oo?aoa aaue i?eaiaeeo e oo?aoa naiae
/anoe. Naiaai ?iaea «oaoeoeci». «O iaiy auea iaoeia – y aue
aaoiethaeoaeue, oaia?ue y a? i?iaeae e noae iaoaoiaeii». Caeanue aeaeii
eae i?aaeiao aeeyao ia iianaaeiaaiue ia?ac aeecie. Yoi naiaai ?iaea
eaeaioeoeeaoeey a iianaaeiaaiinoe ii iaee/eth i?aaeiaoa nianoaaiiinoe.
Ieeaeia iieeoe/aneia niauoea ia aoaeao aieiiaaoue iannu aieueoa /ai eo
ee/iay nianoaaiiinoue, e iio?aaeaiea.

«Iiyaeaiea iie/aeeaiai aieueoeinoaa ioaeii ?anniao?eaaoue a ?aieao
oeaeinoiiai i?ioeanna nii?ioeaeaiey nioeeaeueiiio. Eiia/ii,
nii?ioeaeaiey o?oaeo, ii oaeaea e iaaeeoeeia, oeiea, ?aciiai ?iaea
aa?aioeyi, eioi?iaoeee. Ioeoeeaeueiay enoi?ey ?aaeno?e?oao eeoue iaeio
noi?iio aeaea – i?ia?ann nioeeaeueiiai, inoaaeyy a oaie an? oi, /oi,
aoaeo/e aeey ia? ia?aaeeoeaie i?aaeoanoaothueo eoeueoo?, inoaoeaie
aa?aa?noaa, ia niaeaenoaoao yoiio neaaiiio aeaeaeaieth. Iia iiaeaiaeeo e
iunee, /oi ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue nioeeaeueiia iiaaaeeei iieiinoueth e
ieii/aoaeueii, /oi iii i?eiyoi anaie. Ii n ?acaeoeai nioeeaeueiinoe
?acaeaaeinue e nii?ioeaeaiea ae, e iineaaeiaa i?ia?anne?iaaei au? aieaa
auno?uie oaiiaie, /ai naia nioeeaeueiinoue».

Enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa – yoi enoi?ey nicaeaaaaiay e eiio?iee?oaiay
aeanoueth, yoi iaeei ec yeaiaioia i?aaiecaoeee nioeeaeueiiai. Niinia
oaea?aeaiey e i?e?auaiey aeanoe. Ii ianna nii?ioeaeyaony nioeeaeueiiio
eae ioi?ieaiiinoe, iia neioee?oao naith ii?aaeae?iiinoue. Iia
aac?acee/ia e enoi?ee, au?aaeay iie/aeeaia niaeanea.

«Aeanoue – yoi iaia?aoeiue i?eioeei i?aaiecaoeee, iia i?iecaiaeeo
?aaeueiia, an? aieueoa e aieueoa ?aaeueiiai, nicaeaaay eaaae?aoo?o,
iiiaieeaoo?o, aacaiaeeyoeeiiioth aeeeoaoo?o, eioi?ay ieeiaaea ia
oie/oiaeaao naay, ia caoe?nouaaaony aie?oa naiie naay, e niaoeaaaony ni
nia?oueth. A yoii niunea, aeaaea anee o ia? iao eiia/iie oeaee e
ieii/aoaeueiiai i?eaiai?a, aeanoue naia noaiiaeoueny eiia/iui
i?eioeeiii, iia – iineaaeiaa neiai, iaono?aieiia nieaoaiea, iineaaeiyy
enoi?ey, eioi?oth iiaeii ?anneacaoue; iia oi, /oi ia?acoao no?oeoo?o
ia?ao?iiiai o?aaiaiey ie?a».

Iaaeeooa?aioee?iaaiiay, aac?acee/iay ianna. Oieueei a oaeie neooaoeee
aiciiaeii aicieeiiaaiea oa??i?ecia. Yoi i?iyaeaiea aac?acee/ey a
nia?aiaiiii iauanoaa.

Oa??i?eci. «Oa?aeoa? ooieoeeiie?iaaiey yoie neaiie neeu iaoiaeeony a
iieiii niioaaonoaee n aaniethoiie iaaeeooa?aioee?iaaiiinoueth nenoaiu, a
eioi?ie oaea aeaaii ia nouanoaoao ?acee/ey iaaeaeo oeaeyie e
n?aaenoaaie, iaea/aie e aea?oaaie. Naieie aeaenoaeyie, au?aaeathueie aai
oaeenoaaiiia aac?acee/ea e oiio, eoi ieaaeaony o iaai a caeiaeieeao,
oa??i?eci iai?aaeai eae ?ac i?ioea naiiai aeaaiiai i?iaeoeoa anae
nenoaiu – aiiieiiiai e niaa?oaiii aaceeeiai eiaeeaeaea, eiaeeaeaea ie/ai
ia ioee/athuaainy io naaa iiaeiaiuo. Iaaeiiaiua ?aniea/eaathony ca
i?anooieaiea, ninoiyuaa a oii, /oi iie oaia?ue ieeoi, /oi o ieo iao
nianoaaiiie noaeueau, /oi iie eeoaiu naiaai eiaie, eeoaiu nenoaiie,
eioi?ay naia aiiieiia e eioi?oth iie, oaeei ia?acii, neiaieece?otho, –
aio ia?aaeien iuiaoiae neooaoeee. Iie yaeythony eiia/iui i?iaeoeoii
nioeeaeueiiai, aano?aeoiie e noaaoae naaiaeiy anaie?iie nioeeaeueiinoe.
E eiaiii iioiio, /oi iie oaia?ue – yoi «eoi oaiaeii», ei e noaeaeaii
auoue aea?oaaie oa??i?ecia».

Ianna – yoi ?acoeueoao oieoeeaoeee aeiaaae?iiie aei aac?acee/ey. Yoi
aanniciaoaeueiue niinia nii?ioeaeaiey aeanoe /a?ac eia?oiinoue. Yoi oi,
/oi ioiaiyao niune aeanoe, e iecaa?aaao a? a i?iianoue aac?acee/ey.
Ianna oi?acaeiyao naio aeanoue. Oae aea eae iia oi?acaeiyao enoi?eth.
Enoi?ey oaia?ue noaea – i?aaeiaoii eco/aiey a oeiea, aeey anao
iaeeiaeiaa e iioiio aac?acee/ia. Enoi?ey noaea niiniaii iaieioeyoeee, e
iioiio niiieoaeueiie a naiae i?aaaeeainoe. Iooiai noaea aucuaaoue
aac?acee/ea a iauanoaa. Iia noaea iaioaeiie, iineieueeo anoue
iianaaeiaaiinoue, ia aucuaathuay niiiaiee.

Caeeth/aiea.

N ia/aeii Iiaiai a?aiaie e n iiyaeaieai aeaea?oiaeiai Cogito ergo sum.
?acai?a/eaaaony ea?oeia ie?a. Noauaeo noaiiaeony ?ai?acaioaioii anaai
nouaai. Nouaa iuneeony. Oi, /oi iaeuecy iiiuneeoue inoa?ony ca
i?aaeaeaie iaoaai i?aaenoaaeaiey. Eae iieacaii Eaioa, aeoeaio niauaaony
a oi/eo ss. ss ia ioaeaeaaony a iainiiaaiee, iii yaeyaony iainiiaaieai
aeey anaai iuneeiiai. A ?aieao «E?eoeee /enoiai ?acoia» /aeiaae inoa?ony
«aauueth a naaa». Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi ii ioi?aaiay oi/ea ?ai?acaioaoeee,
nai ii ia iinoeaaai a i?aaeaeao ?acoia. N yoiai iiiaioa /aeiaae
noaiiaeony iauaeoii iao/iiai enneaaeiaaiey eae ?ai?acaioe?othuee nai?
oaei. E yoi iaeanoue anoanoaaiiiiao/iiai ciaiey. A ?aieao i?iaeoa
iao/iiai ciaiey Iiaiai a?aiaie /aeiaae ?ac?uaaaony ia iaeanoe ciaiee
?aciuo iao/iuo aeenoeeieei, a oii /enea e iauanoaaiiuo iaoe. Yoe ciaiey
o?oaeii i?eaiaeeiu e iaeiie nenoaia, anee oaeia aiiaua aiciiaeii.

Eaeaioeoeeaoeey ii i?e/anoiinoe – yoi anaaaea iia?aoeey ii?aaeaeaiey
ecaia. Yoi oa?aeoa?ecoaony niiniaii i?aae-noaaeaiey. I?aae-noaaeaiiia
aeieaeii ia i?inoi noaoue iauaeoii, a iauaeoii a nenoaia, a ea?oeia
ie?a. Naeaeaoue naay iauaeoii a i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee, /aeiaae iiaeao
oieueei anee ii aiineo ooaea naie noaeaeaiey e ii?aaeaeyao naay eae
iauaeo, oi anoue caaeaao i?aaeae iauaeoa a yoii i?ino?ainoaa e naycuaaao
aai n ae?oaeie. Yoio iauaeo oieueei e nouanoaoao a oaeie naycaiiinoe.
Iineieueeo iaeii aeieaeii ii?aaeaeyoueny /a?ac ae?oaia. A /a?ac ae?oaia
iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue ia?aia, oieueei anee iie iaoiaeyony a iaeii nenoaia
i?aaenoaaeaiee. Neacaoue «/aeiaae anoue /aeiaae» aeey iaoee ia neacaoue
ie/aai. Iioiio ii e i?aaenoa?o iai eae niaieoiiinoue ioaeaeueiuo
ii?aaeaeaiee a ?aciuo eiioaenoao: yeiiiie/aneii, iieeoe/aneii, a
eiioaenoa i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ioiioaiee, iaaeeoeeineii, i?aaiaii e oae
aeaeaa. Yoe eiioaenou, a caeanue ?aaii nenoaiu i?aaenoaaeaiee, naycuaaao
iaeei iauaeo – /aeiaae. Ii yoi oieueei ia ia?aue acaeyae. Yoe ?aciua
nenoaiu ia eiatho iauaai iauaeoa, iineieueeo «/aeiaae» – yoi oa?iei e a
eaaeaeie ioaeaeueiie nenoaia ciaiey ii iaicia/aao iauaeo, eiathuee nai?
ii?aaeaeaiea. Yoe ii?aaeaeaiey ia naiaeeiu e niaieoiiinoe. Iieo/aaony,
/oi anoue iaeia iiiyoea, ?anieua/aoia, ia eiathuaa no?iaeo a?aieoe.
Iiaeao ee auoue /aeiaae i?aaeiaoii enneaaeiaaiey. Aea, eae iauaeo
iiaeao. Ii ia eae oeaeia, a oieueei eae /anoue a nenoaia, aoaeue oi
aeieiaey, ineoieiaey, nioeeieiaey, iaaeeoeeia, iieeoieiaey,
th?eni?oaeaioeey, yeiiiieea, enoi?ey e oae aeaeaa.

Anee /aeiaae ia ioe?uaaao caeiiia i?e?iaeu, a i?eienuaaao eo iineaaeiae,
oi oaeei ia?acii ii ?acai?a/eaaao naay eae ie? iiciaaaaiue naiei niaie.
Oi anoue, ethaie iiuo inoa?ony iiei iiuoii, e yoi ii? ?ac?anoaiea
aioo?aiiaai i?aa?auaaony a i-naiaiea. A eaaeaeii i?aaeiaoa y aeaeo ia
nai i?aaeiao, a ii? i?aaenoaaeaiea i i?i. Nai i?aaeiao inoa?ony
iaiiciaaaai. A anee iinoaaeoue iiae niiiaiea iiuo aini?eyoey, oi
noaeaeaiea aac iiuoa aoaeao iaeanoueth aiia?aaeaaiiai. E yoie iaeanoe
aiia?aaeaaiiai ioiineony iaeanoue enoi?ee. Auiineoue noaeaeaiey aac
ee/iiai iiuoa aini?eyoey iicaieyao enoi?ey, eae i?ino?ainoai ?aiiaa
caoeene?iaaiiiai iiuoa. Iiuo yoio i?eiaaeeaaeeo ia iia ee/ii, a
/aeiaa/anoao a oeaeii. Enoi?ey niaea?aeeo noiie?iaaiiue iiuo. Enoi?ey
yaeyaony niiniaii ia?aaea/e iiuoa. Noaeaeaiea, auiineiia ioiineoaeueii
iiuoa enoi?e/aneiai aoaeao i?eiaaeeaaeaoue iaeanoe aiia?aaeaaiiai.

I?ino?ainoai enoi?ee – yoi oi, /oi naycuaaao «oai e oiaaea» e «caeanue e
nae/an». I?ioeia i?iaoee?oaony ia ianoiyuaa eae ia?aaea/a iiuoa
aini?eyoey, a ianoiyuaa aicaeaenoaoao ia i?ioeia eae noaeaeaiea. Oi
anoue i?ioeia oaea ninoiyeinue, iaiyaony ianoiyuaa /a?ac noaeaeaiea ia
iiuoa i?ioeiai. I?ioeia nouanoaoao caeanue e nae/an eae i?aaenoaaeaiea e
yoi i?aaenoaaeaiea iiaeaa?aaaony eciaiaieyi. Caeanue ia anoa?o aii?in i
iaia?aoeiinoe enoi?ee. Oeene?iaaiiue iiuo enoi?e/aneiai yoi
oaeinoiaa?aiiia eai-oi aai iaee/ea. Ii ia?aoiaeeo a ianoiyuaa eae
«oeene?iaaiiue», «oeeoeey». E noaeaeaiea a ianoiyuai iiaeii auiineoue
caeanue e nae/an ii yoei «oeeoeeyi». E?iia oiai, i?ino?ainoai enoi?ee –
yoi i?ino?ainoai niauoee. Yoi oaea i?ino?ainoai noaeaeaiee, enoi?ey
noaeaeaiee i?ioeiai, eioi?ay naycia n noaeaeaieyie ianoiyuaai. Auiineoue
noaeaeaiey ioiineoaeueii noaeaeaiee, eioi?ua i?aaeoanoaiaaee aeaiiiio
iiiaioo. Aio yoi ?aaioa aiia?aaeaiey a i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee.

I?ino?ainoai enoi?ee i?aaenoaaeyaony iaie ii ia?aco anoanoaaiiiiao/iie
ea?oeiu ie?a. Noauaeo ?ai?acaioe?oao enoi?eth. Yoi iiaeaeaeiay iaeanoue
niauoee. Iia iinoiyiii iiiieiyaony iiauie noaeaeaieyie ioiineoaeueii
iiuoa ianoiyuaai e ioiineoaeueii iiuoa e noaeaeaiee i?ioeiai. Yoe
niauoey ia?aiauathony, iiiaaeatho a iiaua nayce n ae?oaeie niauoeyie, eo
eiee/anoai ?ano?o, yoa no?oeoo?a iinoiyiii eciaiyaony.

Noaeaeaiey, auiineiua a iaeanoe anoanoaaiiiiao/iiai ciaiey iiaeii
iiaeaa?aiooue i?iaa?ea. Iiaeii au? ?ac iinoaaeoue yenia?eiaio. A eioi?ue
?ac eaiaiue iieaoeo naa?oo aiec e iiaeoaa?aeeoueny caeii anaie?iiai
oyaioaiey e au? ?ac aoaeao ia?an/eoaii onei?aiea naiaiaeiiai iaaeaiey.
Aiciiaeii ee oaeia a iaeanoe enoi?ee iauanoaa noieo ee i?iaiaeeoue oaeea
yenia?eiaiou. Iaaa?iia, iao.

Aeanoue aicaeaenoaoao ia /aeiaaea, oaeinoiaa?yy niauoey a i?ino?ainoaa
enoi?ee. Oaeei ia?acii, i?ienoiaeeo caoaao /aeiaaea. Caoaao /a?ac
i?e/anoiinoue e iauaio enoi?e/aneiio, a eioi?ii aeanoue no?oeoo?e?oao
niauoey, e oaeei ia?acii aicaeaenoaoao ia oi?ie?iaaiea a?aaeaeaineiai
iauanoaa.

Iaiaoiaeeia e?eoeea enoi/ieeia. Ia?aie/aiea aeinooia e enoi?e/aneei
enoi/ieeai i?iyaeyaony a nicaeaiee ainoaea?noaaiiuo a?oeaia.

Aeanoue oaeinoiaa?yao ee/iinoue /a?ac aeieoiaio, «oaeinoiaa?aiea».
I?ienoiaeeo ii?aaeaeaiea /aeiaaea aeanoueth e caoaao oaea. Oae aea
aeanoue «oaeinoiaa?yao» niauoey ainoaea?noaaiiiai cia/aiey.

Naii?aoeaeney i?eaiaeeo e aicieeiiaaieth «aeaieieea» – iauaeoa, eioi?ue
eco/aaony ?aciuie iaoeaie. Ii oeaeinoiiai ia?aca an? ?aaii ia aicieeaao.
*aeiaae «?aniaaeaaony» ia /anoe.

Enoi?ey iaeiiai /aeiaaea ia ioaeaeaaony a oaeinoiaa?aiee aeey iaai
naiiai. Ii noaiiaeoueny oeaio?ii, eioi?ue niae?aao niauoey aie?oa naay.
Ii yaeyaony iainiiaaieai niauoee a naiae ee/iie enoi?ee.

I?ino?ainoai enoi?ee iauanoaa (ainoaea?noaa) caoaaouaaaony e
eiinoeooe?oaony aeanoueth, iineieueeo aeanoue caeioa?aniaaia a naiai
i?enoonoaee a yoie iaeanoe e aicaeaenoaoao ia /aeiaaea /a?ac aai
i?e/anoiinoue e enoi?ee. Ionthaea ia?aay i?iaeaia:

I?iaeaia aicaeaenoaey aeanoe ia i?ino?ainoai enoi?ee e ia
eaeaioeoeeaoeeth /aeiaaea a yoii i?ino?ainoaa. Aeanoue eaeaioeoeoee?oao
/aeiaaea. Iia iaaycuaaao aio ii?aaeaeaiea.

Ec ia?aiai neaaeoao aoi?ay i?iaeaia. I?iaeaia iaaeiaa?ey «ioeoeeaeueiie»
enoi?ee.

Ianna aac enoi?ee. Ianna ia iiaeaea?ony enneaaeiaaieth. Iauanoai
iio?aaeaiey iie?aaony ia iianaaeiaaiinoue. E caeanue aii?in ia
eaeaioeoeeaoeee inoa?ony ioe?uoui. Ianna – yoi iaii?aaeae?iiinoue.

Ai an?i ie?oaeathuai /aeiaae ano?a/aao oieueei naay. Aiciiaeii ee
caeanue eaeaioeoeeaoeey /a?ac aeaieieea-iauaeoa.

«Ninoaaeyy ia?ac, /aeiaae ai?aony ca oi nai? iieiaeaiea, aaea au ii iia,
aoaeo/e nouei, caaeaaaoue naith ia?o e i?aaeia/a?ouaaoue iai?aaeaiea
anaio nouaio».

«…/ai iieiaa ai an?i nai?i iau?ia e ai anao naieo /anoyo ia?aoaaony
ie? a ?anii?yaeaiee /aeiaaea eae ie?, caai?aaiiue /aeiaaeii, /ai aiea
iauaeoeaiui auoiaeeo ia naao iauaeo, oai aieaa noauaeoeaiui ieacuaaaony
subiectum e oai ianoiyoaeueiaa iiaeieiaao ii aieiao, n oai aieueoae
aacoaea?aeiinoueth i?aia?acoaony iaaethaeaiea ie?a e o/aiea i ie?a a
o/aiea i /aeiaaea, a aio?iiieiaeth».

«Enoieeiaaa /aeiaaea eae subiectum, Aeaea?o nicaeae iaoaoece/aneoth
i?aaeiinueeo aeey aoaeouae aio?iiieiaee ethaiai aeaea e iai?aaeaiey».

«E oieueei iaeiiai ia iiaeao aio?iiieiaey. Iia ia iiaeao i?aiaeieaoue
Aeaea?oa eee oioy au acaoioiaaoueny i?ioea iaai; eai eae neaaenoaea
iiaeao ainnoaoue i?ioea naiae i?e/eiu, i?ioea iniiau ia eioi?ie iii
noieo?».

Aiciiaeia ee eaeaioeoeeaoeey /aeiaaea a i?ino?ainoaa enoi?ee, anee iia
i?aaenoaaeaia naiei /aeiaaeii eae iiaiaa?iiaeneee i?iaeo ciaiey. Anee e
aiciiaeia, oi iu noaeeeaaainy n auoaia?a/eneaiiuie i?iaeaiaie. E yoi
oieueei /anoue i?iaeai. Iineieueeo yoa ?aaioa, eiia/ii, ia iiaeao
i?aoaiaeiaaoue ia oeaeinoiia i?aaenoaaeaiea cayaeaiiie oaiu.

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. ?aaiou e ?aciuoeaiey ?aciuo eao. I.: «Aiicen»,
1993. n. 149

Eaio Eiiaioee. I?ieaaiiaiu ei anyeie aoaeouae iaoaoeceea, iiaouae
aicieeiooue a niunea iaoee. §36 / Ia?. A. N. Nieiaue?aa. I., 1905. n.
99.

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. ?aaiou e ?aciuoeaiey ?aciuo eao I.: «Aiicen», 1993.
n. 145

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. ?aaiou e ?aciuoeaiey ?aciuo eao I.: «Aiicen»,
1993.n. 146

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. ?aaiou e ?aciuoeaiey ?aciuo eao. I.: «Aiicen», 1993
n. 141-142

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. A?aiy e auoea. I.: 1993a. n. 55

Aiae?eey?, AEai «Nenoaia aauae». I.: 1995a. n. 49

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu. NIa,
1999, n. 201

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu. NIa,
1999, n. 201-202

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu. NIa,
1999, n. 294

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu. NIa,
1999, n. 295

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu». NIa,
1999 n. 304

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu». NIa,
1999 n.305

Ia?en, Ea?e. Eaieoae ei.I, ioae. 4, ae. XIII. Oeeo. ii Ooei Ieoaeue
Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu. NIa, 1999, no?. 239

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu. NIa,
1999 n. 234-235

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu. NIa,
1999 n. 269-270

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu. NIa,
1999 n. 282-283

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu». NIa,
1999 n. 322-323

Ooei, Ieoaeue. Iaaece?aoue e iaeacuaaoue: ?iaeaeaiea oth?ueiu». NIa,
1999 n 232

Ieoeoa, O?eae?eo «I iieueca e a?aaea enoi?ee aeey aeecie». Ni/. a 2-o
o. I., 1990.

Aiae?eey?, AEai. Caauoue Ooei. NIa., 2000. n. 62

Aiae?eey?, AEai. A oaie iie/aeeaiai aieueoeinoaa, eee eiiaoe
nioeeaeueiiai. Aeaoa?eiao?a: 2000a. n. 37-38.

Aiae?eey?, AEai. A oaie iie/aeeaiai aieueoeinoaa, eee eiiaoe
nioeeaeueiiai. Aeaoa?eiao?a: 2000a. n. 53-54.

Aiae?eey?, AEai «Nenoaia aauae». I.: 1995a. n. 159

Aiae?eey?, AEai. A oaie iie/aeeaiai aieueoeinoaa, eee eiiaoe
nioeeaeueiiai. Aeaoa?eiao?a: 2000a. n. 47-48.

Aiae?eey?, AEai. A oaie iie/aeeaiai aieueoeinoaa, eee eiiaoe
nioeeaeueiiai. Aeaoa?eiao?a: 2000a. n.29.

Aiae?eey?, AEai. A oaie iie/aeeaiai aieueoeinoaa, eee eiiaoe
nioeeaeueiiai. Aeaoa?eiao?a: 2000a. n.29.

«AEeao, neaaeiaaoaeueii iuneth» – eao.

Aiae?eey?, AEai. A oaie iie/aeeaiai aieueoeinoaa, eee eiiaoe
nioeeaeueiiai. Aeaoa?eiao?a: 2000a. n.49.

Aiae?eey?, AEai. Caauoue Ooei. NIa., 2000. n. 68.

Aiae?eey?, AEai. A oaie iie/aeeaiai aieueoeinoaa, eee eiiaoe
nioeeaeueiiai. Aeaoa?eiao?a: 2000a. n. 65-66

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. «?aaiou e ?aciuoeaiey ?aciuo eao» I.: «Aiicen»,
1993. n. 151

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. «?aaiou e ?aciuoeaiey ?aciuo eao» I.: «Aiicen»,
1993. n. 150

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. «?aaiou e ?aciuoeaiey ?aciuo eao» I.: «Aiicen»,
1993. n. 156

Oaeaeaaaa?, Ia?oei. «?aaiou e ?aciuoeaiey ?aciuo eao» I.: «Aiicen»,
1993. n. 157

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