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Предпосылки развития будущего человечества

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Iineianeee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oieaa?neoao Iooae Niiauaiee (IEEO).

Eaoaae?a «Oeeinioey e eoeueoo?ieiaey».

Aoiaieoa?iue einoeooo.

?aoa?ao ia oaio :I?aaeiinueee ?acaeoey aoaeouaai /aeiaa/anoaa.

Auiieieea Ia?eiaa O.A.

I?iaa?ee Icieoei A.Ae.

Iineaa 2003a.

Niaea?aeaiea.

1.Aaaaeaiea……………………………………………………….3

2.Iiaeoiaeu e eco/aieth aoaeouaai……………………………….4

3.*aeiaa/anoai eae noauaeo enoi?ee……………………………6

4.Ie?iaay neooaoeey ia/aea XXI noieaoey……………………10

5.Aoaeouaa /aeiaa/anoaa a oaie aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai
ianoiyuaai………………………………………………………13

Oa?ica oa?iiyaea?iiai iiaea?a……………………………………13

Aeecinoue yeieiae/aneie eaoano?iou……………………………..15

Iianiinoue, iaaenoay iaae /aeiaa/aneie oaeaniinoueth……………17

E?ecen /aeiaa/aneie aeooiaiinoe…………………………………19

Caiaae- Ainoie- ?inney a aeeaeiaa eoeueoo?………………21

I?aaeiinueee i?aiaeieaiey aeiaaeueiuo e?eceniuo
eieeecee………………………………………………….….23

Caeeth/aiea…………………………………………………29

Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u……………………….31

1.Aaaaeaiea.

Aoaeouaa, Iii iaieo e ioaaao. I?ioeia oaea naa?oeeinue. Aai iiaeii
eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue,ia?ainiuneeaaoue. Ii oi, /oi auei, ia eciaieoue. A
aoaeouaa ieeai ia cai?ia?aiie?iaaii. Iii – ioe?uoay no?aieoea, enoaeoea
aiaeu, aeaea iuiaoiea nicaeatho eeoue oa ?aiee, a eioi?uo iieieaiey
ianooieaoaai XXIa. Aieooo naie no?iee. Eae ociaoue,/oi ian aeaeao, Eae
caaeyiooue ca iaeaio a?aiaie?

Yoi aii?in, eioi?ue aa/ii io/ee e io/aao ethaeae. A a?naiaea
aeooa, iniaaiii a aai, oae neacaoue ?aoeeiiaeenoe/aneii naeoi?a,
iaeiieaii iaiaei niiniaia i?aaeneacaiey aoaeouaai, i?ioiaeaeaiey aia?aae
ii no?aeea a?aiaie.

Iaoa a?aiy aeeiaie/ii e i?ioeai?a/eai. Yoi ii?a nioeeaeueiuo
eaoaeeeciia e iac?aaathueo i?e?iaeiuo eaoano?io. Eiaiii iiyoiio ethaee
Caiee ana i?enoaeueiaa aaeyaeuaathony a nianoaaiiue iaeee, iniuneeaatho
enoaeoaa, no?aiynue iiiyoue ia?niaeoeau a?yaeouaai.

A oiaea enoi?ee iuia iaia?oaeeaathony iaciaaiua ?aiaa
neooaoeee, «aa/iua» i?iaeaiu iaiieiythony iiaui niaea?aeaieai. Aio
ii/aio noieo ia?aoeony e aii?ino «Eoi iu naaiaeiy?», «*oi oaeia
/aeiaa/anoai?» N eaeiai ?iaea auciaii iii naaiaeiy noieeioeinue? E eae
noieo ioaa/aoue ia aucia yiioe? *oi ian iaeeaeaao?

Iu ia i?i/ee «Eieao noaeaa», a iaoeo ?oeao iao iaae/aneiai aeacea,
iicaieythuaai aeaeaoue neaicue iaeaio a?aiaie. Iu oaaaeaeaainy a oii,
/oi iiae/an iaaeaao oi, /oi, ii iaoaio ?acoiaieth, aeieaeii auei ?anoe,
e ?anoao oi, /oi, eacaeinue au, iaycaii iaaeaoue.

Aicieeee niiiaiey a ii?aaaeaiiinoe eaeae iaoeeiiiiai i?ia?anna
ethaeae. Ino?i auyaeeinue, /oi ainoiaeaeaiea ioithaeue ia o?iioaeueiue
i?ioeann. Iiaaaeu ia iaeieo o/anoeao iai?a/eaathony ecuyiaie e i?iaaeaie
ia ae?oaeo. O ian anoue ?aeaou, e aeaeueiyy aaeaoeey, ii /aeiaa/anoai ia
?iaeeei iiaiai Oaenie?a eee Aeinoiaaneiai. Ethaee noaee eioi?ie?iaaiiua,
ii noaee ee ii?aeueiaa, aeaai?iaeiaa, ieeina?aeiaa? Ia eeoei naeeaeaiea
anao ia?iaeia Caiee, niei/aiea noaiiaeony /aeiaa/anoai,aai oaeoe/aneia
aaeeinoai ia?anoaao. Ii aianoa n oai aaeueaaiece?othony aeaaiea no?aoe e
i?ioeai?a/ey, eiioeeeou, caiaoaiiua ia ynoaoe/aneeo i?aae?annoaeeao,
iueatho ii anai eiioeiaioai.

Oae /oi aea, iiaeao iaaei ioeacaoueny io iiiuoie caaeyiooue aia?aae?
Iiaeao auoue, aa?iooueny e aaaeaoaeueiui i?ioeaaeo?ai: ia einoyo, ia
ea?oao, ia eioaeiie aoua? E ionoue iiaiyaeaiiua ?aeeaeiciua i?i?iee,
aaaeaeee, oieeiaaoaee niia niiauatho iai i oii, «/oi aoaeao, /ai
na?aeoea oniieieony».

Iaaa?iia, oaeay iiceoeey iaaeinoieia /aeiaaea. A iaoe aeie iaeuecy
cae?uoue aeaca ia no?aieoaeueii iiaenooiathuaa a?yaeouaa. Iaeuecy
iiaeiaii no?aono ca?uoue aieiao a ianie. Iaeuecy aeeoue ii i?eioeeio
Oaaeea «aoaeue,/oi aoaeao, eae-ieaoaeue aea aoaea, ieeiaaea ia auei,
/oiau /aai- ie aoaeue, ia auei».

2.Iiaeoiaeu e eco/aieth aoaeouaai.

A a?naiaea aeooa, iniaaiii a aai, oae neacaoue ?aoeeiiaeenoe/aneii
naeoi?a, iaeiieaii ia iaei niiniaia i?aaeneacaiey aoaeouaai,
i?ioiaeaeaiey aia?aae ii noaia a?aiaie. Nia?aiaiiua i?iaiicenou
eniieuecotho oaeea i?eaiu, eae «eia?oeeiiiue aiaeec», naycaiiue n
yeno?aiieyoeeae iaee/iuo onoie/eauo oaiaeaioeee ia iaic?eiia aoaeouaa.

Eniieuecoaony i?eai «o?aiaeiaiai aiaeeca», o.a. iino?iaiea ia aaca
oeene?iaaiiuo oaiaeaioeee iaeaieaa onoie/eaie, anaiauaiethuae
oaiaeaioeee (o?aiaea). Ia yoie iniiaa no?ieony «noeaia?iue iiaeoiae»,
ii?aaeaeyaony aaa? aiciiaeiinoae, ia?aae?athony aa?eaiou a?yaeouaai. Iie
iono?aeaathony ii i?eioeeio: eae iieaeao ?acaeoea i?e nio?aiaiee
«oaeeo-oi» ianoiyoaeuenoa eee eae iii iieaeao i?e aicieeiiaaiee iiauo
oaeoi?ia, iaeiiaoe, i?aaeeaaathony «i?iaeoiua eiioeaioeee», oi?ie?othuea
i?aaenoaaeaiey i oii, /oi e eae iaaei ethaeyi aeaeaoue, /oiau aeiaeoueny
aeaeaaiuo oeaeae. I?iaiaeeony «yenia?eiaioaeueiue iiieoi?eia», o.a.
i?ioeaaeo?u ioneaaeeaaiey aeeiaieee i?ienoiaeyueo eciaiaiee.

?acoiaaony, i?e ?aciuoeaiee i aeaeaiee aoaeouaai neaaeoao iiiieoue,
/oi iie anaaaea iie?athony ia oo eee eioth eiioeaioeeth enoi?e/aneiai
i?ioeanna, aai iieiie caaeaiiinoe («i?iaeaeaioeeaeeci») eee aaniethoiie
ioe?uoinoe, eee oiai eee eiiai ni/aoaiey iaiaoiaeeiinoe e naiaiaeu a
enoi?e/aneeo aeoao.

Oae,aanueia ?ani?ino?aiaiu ooaa?aeaeaiey i oii, /oi aoaeouaa
iai?aaeneacoaii. Iai iaaaaeii caiunae Anaaea?aeeoaey, ooaa?aeaeatho
aiaineiau, iaaiciiaeii i?aaeoaaaeaoue iaii? aeeciaiiiai iaii?a,
ooaa?aeaeatho nioeeieiae, ianoaaeeueiue Oieaa?noi ia aeaao iniiaaiee
aeey neieueei- ie aoaeue iainiiaaiiuo e oi/iuo i?aaeaeaeaiee- oaa?ytho
o/aiua oeeiniou.

Ana aea niaeaneoueny n yoei aaciaiai?i/ii iaeuecy. ?acoiaaony,any
eiie?aoiay aycue oaeoia, aceaoia e iaaeaiee aeanoeoaeae e ainoaea?noa,
?iaeaeaiea aaieaa e nia?oue oe?aiia a naiae oieeaeueiinoue yaii
iai?aaeneacoaiu. Iioieiae/aneay iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue, noioanoeea
enoi?e/aneiai auoey ia iicaieyao oeene?iaaoue aoaeouaa n i?eaioaoeeae ia
oi?ioi io?aaoee?iaaiiia ?anienaiea iiacaeia. Ca oaeia aeaei
inoa?aaaeenue a?aoueny aeaaea Ieoey, Iino?aaeaion eee Aaiaa.

Iiiaea iuneeoaee iaoaai aaea aieaa /ai neaioe/anee ioeaieaae
aiciiaeiinoue ia?niaeoeaiiai ia?aca enoi?ee. Ea?e Iiiia?, e?eoeeoy
enoi?e/aneea i?i?i/anoaa, ooaa?aeaeae, /oi aoaeouaa caaeneo oieueei io
ian, a iaae iaie ia aeiaeaao ieeaeay enoi?e/aneay iaiaoiaeeiinoue.
Enoi?ey, oaa?yao ii, caeai/eaaaony naaiaeiy. Aoaeouaa ia iaeaaeaao
auoeai, e eiaiii yoi iaeeaaeuaaao ia ian aieueooth ioaaonoaaiiinoue, oae
eae iu, eiaiii iu iiaeai aeeyoue ia aoaeouaa.

Iaeiaei anoue e ae?oaie iiaeoiae. A naia a?aiy Eaa Oienoie, ?aciuoeyy
iaae enoi?eae, iieaaae, /oi ethaee ia noieueei oai?yo enoi?eth, neieueei
iioiaee ia ?aaaiea, aea?aathuaai oio?ie a ea?aoa e aiia?aaeathuaai naay
eo/a?ii. Ia oi aea naiia aiai?ee Ia?oei Ethoa?, ooaa?aeaeay, /oi iu naie
a?iaea au naiaiaeii aaaeei, ii eaaeaeui ec ian i?aaeo anaaeiee- Aia eee
Aeueyaie.

Iniuneeaay yoe iiceoeee, oaaaeaeaaoueny a oii, /oi iie a?aoao e?aeiei
?aaeeeaeeciii, aaciiaeyoeeiiiie oaa?aiiinoueth a aaconeiaiie enoeiiinoe
naieo auaiaeia. E iaa iie, ii nooe aeaea, ioeacuaatho a aiciiaeiinoe
enoi?e/aneiai i?aaeneacaiey. Anee a aeaeaeaiee e niaia iieieaiee iao
«?eoiia», «oaiaeaioeee», «oeeeeia» -aiiaua eaeie-eeai iauaeoeaiie
eiaeee- oi e ?eniaaoue ia?acu a?yaeouaai –aeaei aaciaaeaaeiia.

Eee aea anee oaae enoi?ee ii?aaeaeythony ne?uouie aeoaeiiuie
no?oeoo?aie, eee aea caaeaiu iaaaaeiiuie iai oeaeyie Aaniethoa, Aeooa,
Aiaeanoaa, oi e a yoii neo/aa i?iieeiiaaiea ca ai?eciio nethieiooiuo
niauoee aeaei aaciaaeaaeiia.

3. *aeiaa/anoai eae noauaeo enoi?ee.

Aiai?y ia enoi?ee neaaeoao aeieacaoue nouanoaiaaiea
«/aeiaa/anoaa» eae aeaenoaothuaai iauaeoa enoi?ee. Aeaei a oii, /oi
enoi?ey iunee ciaao iaiaei eeethci?iuo, iieiuo eee eiaeiuo
inaaaeii?iaeai. Iaae eo ?aoaieai iiae/an iiiaea aiaeu auethony o/aiua e
oeeiniou, a eiioea eiioeia n ai?a/ueth oaaaeaeaynue, /oi iie aii?ioaee a
ionoioo. Ii?aaeaeei- nouanoaoao ee nai iauaeo enneaaeiaaiey, eiuie
neiaaie nouanoaoao ee oi, /oi eiaioaony «/aeiaa/anoai»?

Eiia/ii, a oaeie iinoaiiaea yoio aii?in iiaeao aucaaoue iaaeioiaiea.
Aea ?acaa eoi-eeai niiiaaaeny a oii, /oi iu anoue? Iiaeii ni?ineoue i
oii, /oi oaeia /aeiaa/anoai, /ai iii ioee/aaony io ae?oaeo ninoaaeythueo
ie?a, ii eae-oi no?aiii niiiaaaoueny a aai iaee/ee, ?aaeueiii auoee.

Aeaenoaeoaeueii oaeo iaee/ey ?acee/iuo eiaeeaeaeia ia inia?eaaaony ie
iaeiei cae?aaiiuneyuei /aeiaaeii. Eaaeaeue ynii iiieiaao, /oi
nouanoaotho iacaaeneii io iaai ae?oaea ethaee. Ethaee- aea. Iiiaeanoai
ethaeae – ianiiiaiii. Yoi i/aaeaeii.

Ii aio nouanoaoao ee oaeie noauaeo aeayoaeueiinoe, aeaenoaothuee aaaio
enoi?ee , eae «/aeiaa/anoai»?I?e ioaaoa ia yoio aii?in iaiaoiaeeiu
oai?aoe/aneea aeieacaoaeuenoaa. A iieneao ioaaoa ia iaai aeaaea
auaeathueany oiu ia ?ac noaiiaeeenue a ooiee. Nioeainy oioy au ia A. E.
Aa?oeaia, a eieaa «Aueia e aeoiu» ii aiai?eo: «Neiai «/aeiaa/anoai»
i?ai?ioeaiia, iii ia au?aaeaao ie/aai ii?aaeaeaiiiai, a oieueei e
niooiinoe anao inoaeueiuo iiiyoee i?eaaaeyao aua eaeiai-oi iieoaiaa».

A nia?aiaiiie caiaaeiie oeeinioee niaea?aeeony iaiaei iiiuoie
aeieacaoue, /oi eae ia/oi aaeeiia oeaeia- yoi oeeoeey. Oae, iai?eia?
aia?eeaineee oeeinio Notha?o *aec a eieaa «Oe?aiey neia» ooaa?aeaeaao,
/oi /aeiaa/anoaa iao, eae naiinoiyoaeueiie nouiinoe: «Iii?iaoeoa
neacaoue: Ye, *aeiaa/anoai, nthaea! E ie iaeei Aaeai ia ioeeeeiaony ia
aao i?ecua».

Ia aienuaathony i?aaenoaaeaiey i aaeeiii /aeiaa/anoaa a eiioeaioeeth
oae iacuaaaiuo eieaeueiuo oeeaeeecaoeee. Ciaiaieoue eoeueoo?ieia
Inaaeueae Oiaiaa? a eieaa «Caeao Aa?iiu» ooaa?aeaeae, /oi /aeiaa/anoai-
ionoia neiai e /oi aai iaaei eneeth/eoue ec e?oaa i?iaeai enoi?e/aneeo
oi?i. A oii aeooa ?aciuoeye aiaeeeneee oeeinionoaothuee enoi?ee
A?iieueae Oieiae. A aai eceiaeaiee /aeiaa/anoaa iao, a anoue iaeioi?ua
iacaaeneiua eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneea nenoaiu( «oeeaeeecaoeee»)
aicieeathuea, noaiiayueany, ?acaeaathueany e aeaiouea, iaiiaeiaea
aeieiae/aneeo i?aaieciia.

Eae aeaeii, neaioeeia, iiaeaa?aathueo niiiaieth ?aaeueiinoue oaiiiaia
«/aeiaa/anoai» ia iaei. Ii /aeiaa/anoai nouanoaoao ?aaeueii e
iauaeoeaii, iacaaeneii io oinoaaiiuo ecuneia oao eee eiuo oai?aoeeia.
Anoue /aeiaa/anoai eae o?aaiaio iauaeoeaiiai ie?a, anoue aai anaie?iay
enoi?ey, iiiai/eneaiiuie enneaaeiaaieyie oaea aeaaii caoeene?iaaii aa
aaeeinoai e anaiauiinoue.

Ioa/anoaaiiua enoi?eee iineaaeieo aeanyoeeaoee io I. Eii?aaea aei A.
Ii?oiaaa, io E. Aoieeaaa aei E. Aaneeueaaa iieacaee, /oi iauay
eiioeaioeey enoi?e/aneiai i?ioeanna iiaeao auoue iono?iaia eeoue ia
iaoa?eaea enoi?ee anaai /aeiaa/anoaa, eioi?ia e yaeyaony iiaeeeiiui
noauaeoii enoi?ee. Iiiyoii, /oi anaie?iay enoi?ey neeaaeuaaaony ec
enoi?ee ioaeaeueiuo ia?iaeia, yoiinia, ainoaea?noa,eaaeaeia ec eioi?uo
eiaao nianoaaiiia eeoei. E ana aea iaeuecy ia niaeaneony e n oai, /oi
/aeiaa/anoai yoi e?aaaay eaoaai?ey, i?aaeaeueiia iiiyoea anyeiai
enoi?eei- oeeinioneiai, nioeeieiae/aneiai ?aciuoeaiey.

Aaeeinoai /aeiaa/anoaa ia ethauo yoaiao aai auoey ii?aaeaeaii
aaeeinoaii aai aeieiae/aneie i?aaiecaoeee. Ethaee ia?acotho aaeeiue
aeae. Aeaoe Caiee- /anoue aa aeinoa?u, ethaee aaeeiu ii naiaio
oece/aneiio iaeeeo, ii?oieiae/aneei i?eciaeai, aaiaoe/aneei
oa?aeoa?enoeeai, aio?iiiii?oe/aneei iinoiyiiui. Oa eee eiua ?acee/ey
oeia ?aniauo i?eciaeia- yoi eeoue aa?eaiou aaeeiiai iniiaaiey.

Ethaee Caiee aaeeiu nouiinoii- nioeeaeueii. Eiaaea-oi ?aiiee Ia?en
oaaaeeoaeueii caiaoee, /oi eiaiii a ia?a?aaioea i?aaeiaoiiai ie?a
/aeiaae aia?aua aeaenoaeoaeueii ooaa?aeaeaao naay eae ?iaeiaia nouanoai,
i?iecaiaenoai anoue aai ?iaeiaay aeayoaeueiay aeeciue.Aaea au ie aeeee
ia?aiethaee iie auoee ec aaeeiiai ei?iy, eo aeaenoaey
ei??aee?iaaiiu(niioaaonoaaiiu)a neeo iaeii?iaeiinoe
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe, eo aaeeieo noanoaioeey o?oaea, iia eo aeaeaao
a?aiyie oeaeinoiinoe.

Ethaee Caiee aaeeiu eioaeeaeooaeueii e eoeueoo?ii. A ethaii aeoa
eiae/aneiai ?aciuoeaiey iiaeii oniio?aoue ne?aiu, noyaeaathuea ieeeeiiu
e ieeeeiiu eiaeeaeaeia, nioie e nioie iieieaiee a ia/oi aaeeiia.
I?e?iaea ?acoia ana aea aaeeia, iia iaeia e oa aea o anao ia?iaeia e
eiaeeaeaeia, neieue oaiaeii ?aciyueony ii anai ae?oaei eoeueoo?ii-
enoi?e/aneei i?eciaeai.

Neaicue iano?ioo auoey ioaeaeueiuo no?ai, iiiaiia?acea ycueia e
eoeueoo?, ianiaiaaeaiey ?eoia e oi?i ?acaeoey i?iaeyaeuaaaony aaeeiue
iaua/aeiaa/aneee iooue enoi?ee. Ie?iaia oicyenoai, anaie?iia oicyenoai
eae ia/oi oeaeinoiia noaei i?aaeiaoiie iniiaie, noyaeaathuae ana
naaiaiou eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneiai eaeaeaeineiia /aeiaa/aneiai auoey.

Naaiaeiy, ianiio?y ia i?iaeieaeathueany eieeecee eioa?ania, aii?aee
iaee/iui eaeaeii- iieeoe/aneei i?ioeainoiyieyi, yeiiiie/aneei
noieeiiaaieyi, aaiiieeoe/aneei e aiaiii- no?aoaae/aneei eiio?iioaoeeyi,
i?iaeyaeuaaaony oaiaeaioeey e ia?anoaieth ieaiaoa?iiai aaeeinoaa. Oaea n
na?aaeeiu XX noieaoey noaei aiciiaeiui ii?aaeaeyoue iio?aaiinoe,
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ?ano?nu anaai caiiiai oa?a a oeaeii. Noieo i?eaanoe
iaeioi?ua aeaiiua , oa?aeoa?ecothuea oicyenoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneee iaeee
nia?aiaiiiai /aeiaa/anoaa.

Ii i?eaioe?iaaiiui aeaiiui aieaa o?ao /aoaa?oae anae oae iacuaaaiie
ia?ae/iie yia?aee ni a?aiaie caaa?oaiey aio?iiiaaiaca ec?anoiaeiaaii a
XX noieaoee. Aanueia iieacaoaeueiu oeeo?u, oa?aeoa?ecothuea aiaeiaia
i?iecaiaenoai noaee, oaea ia?aoaaioaoaa aeaeaei ca 800 iei. o. Oeeo?u
yoe ii?aceoaeueiu, anee aniiiieoue, /oi a 1900a. ai anai ie?a auei
auieaaeaii 28 iei o noaee.

Iiaeii i?eaanoe aua iiiai aeaiiuo, ?aciiia?aciuo eiee/anoaaiiuo
iieacaoaeae ninoiyiey e aeeiaieee ie?iaie yeiiiieee. Aeinoaoi/ii
neacaoue, /oi ieiei 180 no?ai ie?a aiaea/aiu ai ananoi?iiiee oi?aiaue
iai?io. Yeiiiieea ?acaeouo no?ai ii nouanoao acaeiii eioaa?e?iaaiia.Oaea
aiciee ia i?inoi ie?iaie ?uiie eae acaeiinaycaiiay niaieoiiinoue
iaoeeiiaeueiuo ?uieia, a iiaeeeiii «o?ainoeeiiaeueiia oicyenoai». A
oieaa?naeece?oaiii yeiiiie/aneii i?ino?ainoaa neiaeeeenue iniiaiua eeiee
?acaeaeaiey o?oaea,eioa?ania, aeeyiee. Iiiaea oaea aaaeoo ?a/ue i
ioeueoeiiey?iie eiioeao?aoeee aeiaaeueiiai niiauanoaa, ninoiyuaai ec
iae?i ?aaeiiaeueiuo ia?aciaaiee.

Iaaeyaeia eioi?iaoeeiiiay ieioiinoue ie?iaiai eoeueoo?iiai
i?ino?ainoaa.

*aeiaa/anoai oyaioaao e aaeeinoao, niyoeth ia?aai?iaeie, ?ac?ooaieth
noai, acaeiii?iieeiiaaieth eoeueoo?.

Aianoa n oai ia en/acee i?ioeannu aeeooa?aioeeaoeee, iainiaeaiey,
caieiooinoe, ?aniaaea e?oiiuo niiauanoa. AEeciue ia?iaeia Caiee aeaeaea
io aa?iiie/iinoe, i?iiecaia ino?uie eieeeceyie, ia aienuaaaony a
o?aaiaaiey iioeiaeueiinoe.

4. Ie?iaay neooaoeey ia/aea XXI noieaoey.

Oaia?ue ia?aoeiny e iauaie?iaie neooaoeee XXI noieaoey. A oeieueiie
o?anoiiaoeeiie iiaanoe I.A. Aiaiey «Aee» aae?oa iaoaeeeaaaoueny ia o?aco
: «Oeeinio, iioa?eaoee iiaaie ai ana noi?iiu, neacae, iaeiiaoe
io?uaenoi: A aaea aea aei?iaa?» E aeoiaaoue- aaaeue yoi i oeeinioao XXI
a. e i anai naaiaeiyoiai /aeiaa/anoaa. Aaea aea iooue aeey /aeiaa/anoaa?
*oi iaeeaeaao ?iae ethaeneie?

Ethaee ?aoeeiiaeueiiai iuoeaiey iieaaatho, /oi aae a?yaeouee iieii
i?ioeai?a/ee. Ii ianao a naaa noi?iiu aceaoa e oiaaeea. Iie iano?aeaatho
ian ia oi, /oi iu anooiaai a ie? iiaie oeeaeeecaoeee. Oai?aoeee
iino-i?eaiaeaineeo oi?i aiai?yo i oii, /oi iu aoiaeei a ciiu oae
iacuaaaiuo oi/ae aeoo?eaoeee, iaicia/eaoaainy ?aceiia, iiai?ioa enoi?ee
a iai?aaeneacoaiii iai?aaeaiee.

Aaeaeo yoiai i?aaenoaaeaiey i?aaiia?iui aiiaue i?eiaieoue aaaaeaiia E.
ssnia?nii iiiyoey inaaiai a?aiaie, ii oaea ia e i?ioeiio,a e iuiaoiei
niauoeyi. Nae/an oaea ynii , /oi aac ?acaeoiee a ianooaaa /aeiaa/anoaa
iaeuecy i?iaeoeoeaii aiaeece?iaaoue ie iaeiie eieaeueiie caaea/e ia eiii
o?iaia: eiioeiaioa,no?aiu,?aaeiia,ai?iaea e o.ae. Ie? ia eceiia,ia
ia?aioouea. Ie? ono?aieai e iiaiio, aeiaaeueiiio ii?yaeeo. Aia?aaee
?acaeeea enoi?ee, noaayuay ia?aae ianoiyoaeueiie iaiaoiaeeiinoueth
auai?a aeaeueiaeoaai iooe. Iiaeiaiuie oi?oiaie caiieiaiu o/aiua o?oaeu
iann-iaaeea.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi a nia?aiaiiii ie?iaii i?ino?ainoaa
oee?eoee?otho auni/aeoea aeinoeaeaiey iauanoaaiiiai i?ia?anna.A oi aea
a?aiy a ?yaea ?aaeiiia ethaee ia eiatho aiciiaeiinoe iieueciaaoueny
anaie aeaaaie ?acaeoey oeeaeeecaoeee. Oeaio?u neeu no?aieoaeueii
?aniieceenue, aicieeaao iiiai iiey?iinoue, ia ia?aue ieai auoiaeeo oi
i?ioeai?a/ea,eioi?ia oneiaii iiaeii iacaaoue «Naaa?-tha». Yoi
i?ioeai?a/ea iaaeaeo ioiineoaeueii iaaaieueoie a?oiiie auniei?acaeouo
no?ai n onoie/eaie iieeoe/aneie nenoaiie e aunieei o?iaiai
aeaaininoiyiey e n ae?oaie noi?iiu, n iniiaiie iannie no?ai, aeeaoueo a
?aieao eiaeono?eaeueiie, a oi e i?aae eiaeono?eaeueiie oaoiieiaee, n
ianniaie aaaeiinoueth e ianoaaeeueiinoueth aioo?aiiae aeecie.

«Nuoue naaa?» e «Aieiaeiue tha» ,eioi?ue ia iaania/eoue naieo aeeoaeae
ia oieueei aaeie e e?iaii, ii e aeooiaiie ieuae. Eiaeey aeaao ie?o
o?aoue anao iaa?aiioiuo, Eeoae- /aoaa?ooth /anoue, NOA e Eaiaaea o?aoyo
ia ia?aciaaiea a ?an/aoa ia aeooo ianaeaiey a 90 ?ac aieueoa, /ai iiiaea
ao?eeaineea no?aiu. Yoi niioiioaiea ie eoaea ia aeaiaoue. A yoie nayce
ia Eiioa?aioeee III ii ie?oaeathuae n?aaea e ?acaeoeth(ethiue, 1992)
i?aiuea?- ieieno? Ii?aaaee A?o Oa?eai A?oiaeeaiae aiai?eea:
«*aeiaa/aneay enoieey aeinoeaea aiaei?acaeaea, ca eioi?ui eciaiaiea
iieeoeee noaiiaeony iaecaaaeiui. Aieaa ieeeea?aea /aeiaae ia iiaoo
oaeiaeaoai?eoue naie iio?aaiinoe, iaoe aeaoe, aioee, naia ieaiaoa Caiey
o?aaoao ?aaiethoeee».

Iaeiaei i?ioiaeyo aiaeu, a ie/aai nouanoaaiiiai ia i?ienoiaeeo.
A?iciua i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey, o?aaiaeiua i?iaiicu aua ia auaaee iniiaioth
ianno iieeoeeia aea e ?yaeiauo ethaeae ec ninoiyiey, eioi?ia iiaeii
iacaaoue ?onneei neiaii «aainue». «Aainue i?iianao»-?anninoony naie ii
naaa aaaeu e ia/aee.

Ia neo/aeii aicieeathuea iuia iano?ua eiioeaioeee aeiaaeueiiai
?acaeoey iiae/an oa?aeoa?ecothony eae iiene «no?aoaaee auaeeaaiey» E
eiaaea oaea ?a/ue iioea ia i oii, eae «aeeoue», a i oii, eae «auaeeoue»,
oi yoi ia iiaeao aucaaoue aeoaieie icaai/aiiinoe o anao iuneyueo
ethaeae. Iu noieeioeenue n aeanoieeie oa?icaie. A /ai aea iie? E eae eo
ioaanoe, i?aiaeieaoue?

5.Aoaeouaa /aeiaa/anoaa a oaie aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai ianoiyuaai

5.1.Oa?ica oa?iiyaea?iiai iiaea?a.

Naiui i?inoui niiniaii ?aoaiey anao eiioeeeoia yoi i?eiaiaiea neeu.
A naaoa i?eaeeaeathueony yeieiae/aneeo i?iaeai, ?aoaiea aii?inia n
iiiiuueth i?oaeey iaeaieaa i?inoie. Ii, i?eiaiyy i?oaeea ioaeii auoue
i/aiue aeeo?aoiui, oae eae caiania aii?oaeaiey oaaoeo, /oiau
oie/oiaeeoue aeeciue ia caiea aeanyoee ?ac.

Iaeiei ec aeaaiuo iaoiaeia aicaeaenoaey yoi i?eiaiaiea yaea?iiai
i?oaeey. Oioy iineaaenoaey i?eiaiaiey yaea?iiai i?oaeey auee
enneaaeiaaiu e iioaeeeiaaiu aua a 1983 aiaeo. “Eoi au ie iaian ia?aue
oaea?, a eaeii au ?aeiia ieaiaou yoi ie neo/eeinue, i?iecioae au
ioaaoiue oaea? eee iao, a ethaii neo/aa ieeiio ia oaeanony ia?aaeeoue
eaoano?ioo. E oiai, eoi iaaeiao ia eiiieo ioneiaiai ono?ienoaa, aeaeao
oaeay aea noaeueaa, eae e aeeoaeae ai?iaeia, iiaeaa?aoeony aoaea. Oa aea
o/anoue oaioiaaia e oai no?aiai, eioi?ua ieeaeiai o/anoey a aieia
i?eieiaoue ia aoaeoo”.

Aeaaea ciay ana yoe iineaaenoaey, /aeiaae iiaeao i?eiaieoue nia?oaeueiia
aeey naay e anaai aeeaiai ia caiea i?oaeea. Aeinoa?a ana-oaee nio?aieony
ia caiea, ii ia i?eaiaeiie aeey aeecie /aeiaaea iia aoaeao nioie ouny/
eao. Iiyoiio ia/aei yaea?iie aieiu aeey /aeiaaea aoaeao icia/aoue eiiaoe
aai yiioe. Aeaiia?aoe/aneay i?iaeaia oaaee/aiey /eneaiiinoe ianaeaiey
i?eaiaeeo e oaaee/aieth aicieeiiaaiey eiioeeeoia e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, e
oaaee/aieth aa?iyoiinoe ?aoaiey eo iaoiaeii neeu.

I?ec?ae «noaeiiai aeiy», «iiieoeeaea», aeiaaeueiia oie/oiaeaiea anao e
any ana aua a?iaeeo ii ieaiaoa. Aiciiaeiinoe aicieeiiaaiey
«ananaeaaathuaai ieaiaie» e iineaaeothuae «yaea?iie ceiu» ioithaeue ia
aano?aeoiu.

Aua 38 nanney Aaia?aeueiie Annaiaeae III iauyaeea iiaeaioiaeo e
?acaycuaaiea yaea?iie aieiu aaee/aeoei i?anooieaieai ia?aae
/aeiaa/anoaii. A Aeaeea?aoeee III 1981a. i i?aaeioa?auaiee yaea?iie

Eaoano?iou auei cayaeaii,/oi «N caeiiaie /aeiaa/aneie ii?aee e aunieeie
eaeaaeaie Onoaaa III ianiaianoeiu ethaua aeaenoaey, iiaeoaeeeaathuea ie?
e yaea?iie eaoano?ioa». Oai ia iaiaa yaea?iia aii?oaeaiea ia
i?ae?aoeeinue. Aeaeiiaoai Oaee, aaoi? ciaiaieoie eieae «Noaeueaa
Caiee» n ai?a/ueth aiai?ee: «Iu neaeei ca noieii, niieieii iueai eioa e
/eoaai aacaou, a a neaaeothuaa iaiiaaiea iiaeai ieacaoueny aioo?e oa?a n
oaiia?aoo?ie a aeanyoee ouny/ a?aaeonia». E caaaou, oeaiiinoe, eaeaaeu,
oiieea aeaeaeaiey aeooe ana ieaaeaony aanneeueiui ia?aae ?acaa?noie
ianoueth aoiiiiai /oaeiaeua.

Nae/an nouanoaoao eioi?iaoeey i oii, /oi iianiinoue i?yiiai
yaea?iiai noieeiiaaiey oiaiueoeeanue, ii i?e yoii ia en/acea, a aeaaea
oaaee/eeanue oa?ica neaiie oaoiieiae/aneie «neo/aeiinoe»,eae yoi auei a
*a?iiauea. Aei neo ii? ia ecaanoiu i?e/eiu eaoano?iou ia i?aaei?eyoee.
Ethaay oaoieea, eae naeaeaoaeuenoaoao enoi?ey, eiaaea- ie aoaeue
eiiaaony. Iaeuecy caauaaoue,/oi ia ieaiaoa nae/an ?aaioaao aieaa 430 AYN
e eo eiee/anoai oiiiaeaaony.

E oiio aea eaeao ?aniiecaiea aoiiiie oaoiieiaee a no?aiao «o?aoueaai
ie?a».

Ethaie eiioeeeo oaeo a naaa iianiinoue iiyaeaiey oeaiiie ?aaeoeee.
Iiyoiio ?aoaoue eiioeeeo ioaeii oieueei ie?iui iooai. *oiau oie/oiaeeoue
O?aioeeth, aeinoaoi/ii anaai eeoue yneaae?eeuee aiiaa?aee?iaueeia
aii?oaeaiiuo iau/iuie aiiaaie. A aaaeue nouanoaoao aua e oeie/aneia e
aaeoa?eieiae/aneia i?oaeea, eioi?ia oiaea iaeuecy na?anuaaoue ni n/aoa.

N iiyaeaieai iiao/eo yaea?iuo a?naiaeia, aua nianai iaaeaaii,
ioaeeoeenou n caaeaeiie oaa?aiiinoueth cayaeee: «*aeiaa/anoai
ioaiaaaeinue! A yaea?ioth yiioo e?oiiua aiaiiua noieeiiaaiey ia oieueei
iaaeiionoeiu, ii e iaaiciiaeiu». Eiia/ii yaea?iia i?oaeea yaeyaony
na?ueaciui naea?aeeaathuei oaeoi?ii, ii ana aea iii ia iiiaoaei
iaoaanathuei i/aaai eieaeueiuo aiei, eaaeaeay ec eioi?uo iiaeao noaoue
caiaeii aeey anaie?iie aieiu, a eioi?ie ia aoaeao iiaaaeeoaey.

5.2. Aeecinoue yeieiae/aneie eaoano?iou.

«*aeiaa/anoai anooieei a iiaoth y?o naiaai nouanoaiaaiey, eiaaea
iioaioeeaeueiay iiuue nicaeaaaaiuo ei n?aaenoa aicaeaenoaey ia n?aaeo
iaeoaiey noaiiaeony niecia?eiie n iiao/eie neeaie i?e?iaeu».

Oae ienae Iienaaa aua a 1988 aiaeo. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy IO?, i?eaaea e
oiio, /oi i?iaeaia yeieiae/aneie eaoano?iou noaea aua aieaa aeooaeueiie.
Aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaa/anoaa oaea ia?aoei oio ?oaaae, eiaaea aai
aio?iiiaaiiay iaa?ocea ia aeinoa?o ia i?aauoaea aiciiaeiinoe
ainnoaiiaeaiey ?ano?nia naiie aeinoa?u. Caiania ?ano?nia, iniaaiii
yia?aiiineoaeae, no?aieoaeueii nie?auaaony ia caiea, e i?e oao oaiiao
onei?aiey ?acaeoey /aeiaa/anoaa, caiania eo oaaoeo eao ia 50 ia aieueoa.
Nae/an ioaeii eneaoue e aiaae?youe ea/anoaaiii iiaua enoi/ieee yia?aee,
iiea anoue aua caian yia?ai?ano?nia. Eniieueciaaiea oieueei yia?aee
aoiia ia i?eaaaeao e ?aoaieth aii?ina, a oieueei aeano iaiiiai a?aiaie,
aaaeue iooiaeu aoiiiuo noaioeee ioaeii aaea-oi ooeeece?iaaoue.
Ooeeecaoeey iooiaeia io AYN o?aaoao aieueoeo cao?ao, a oaeaea auaeaeaiey
iano, aeey caoi?iiaiey. Auaeaeaiiua ianoa aoaeoo ia iiiaea aiaea
iioa?yiu aeey /aeiaaea. Ianniaia eniieueciaaiea aoiiiie yia?aee oaeaea
iiaeao i?eaanoe e aeiaaeueiie eaoano?ioa. Aei neo ii? a iaiyoe ac?ua ia
*a?iiaueueneie AYN, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai iino?aaeaei aieueoia
eiee/anoai ethaeae, naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo oaiaeee, e iineaaenoaey
eioi?iai aua aeieai aoaeoo neacuaaoueny ia iaoeo iioiieao. Ae?oaay
noi?iia yia?aaoe/aneiai e?ecena, yoi oi, /oi iio?aaeaiea yeaeo?iyia?aee
oaaee/eaaaony a 2 ?aca i?eia?ii eaaeaeua 15 eao. E nei?i iiaeao
ianooieoue iiiaio, eiaaea eneonnoaaiiay yia?aey ia/iao aeeyoue ia
no?oeoo?o oaieiaiai aaeaina ieaiaou. Yoi ioiineony e ethaie yia?aee
eneonnoaaiiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey, aoaeue yoi yia?aey oaiei noaioeee eee
yia?aey oa?iiyaea?iiai neioaca. Oieueei eniieueciaaiea yia?aee Nieioea,
i?aeoe/anee ia aeeyao ia oaieiaie aaeain. Oaeei ia?acii, oaaee/aiea
iio?aaeaiey yeaeo?iyia?aee i?eaiaeeo e oaaee/aieth oaiia?aoo?u ieaiaou,
a i?e oaaee/aiee aa ia 4 -5 a?aaeonia i?eaaaeao e yeieiae/aneie
eaoano?ioa. I?iecieaeao iaia?aoeiia oayiea eaaeieeia, iiauoaieth o?iaiy
ieaaia ia iiiaea aeanyoee iao?ia e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, caoiieaieth
iaeaieaa ieiaeioai?iuo iano ieaiaou. A ?acoeueoaoa iioaieaiey eciaieony
eeeiao ieaiaou, e aieueoay /anoue ieaiaou noaiao canooeeaie
iieoionouiae. I?e oiaiueoaiee n?aaeiae oaiia?aoo?u ieaiaou ia 3-4
a?aaeona i?eaaaeao e iiaiio eaaeieeiaiio ia?eiaeo. Yoi iiaeao
neo/eoueny, iai?eia?, i?e ianooieaiee yaea?iie aieiu (“ceiu”). E
iiauoaiea, e iiieaeaiea oaiia?aoo?u i?eaaaeao e iaia?aoeiui aeey
/aeiaa/anoaa iineaaenoaeyi.

Ae?oaay yeieiae/aneay i?iaeaia, yoi no?aieoaeueiia oiaiueoaiea
ii/aaiiiai iie?iaa. Ca iineaaeiea 70-80 eao /aeiaa/anoai iioa?yei ieiei
500 ie?ae. oiii ii/au, /oi niioaaonoaoao i?eia?ii iioa?e ia?aaaouaaaiuo
caiaeue Eiaeee. A aeey ia?aciaaiey neiy ii/au aeoaeiie 1 ni o?aaoaony
ii?yaeea 1000 eao. Aac naeueneiai oicyenoaa, /aeiaa/anoao i?inoi ia
auaeeoue. A oiaea a?aiy caa?yciaiea aiaeu aeioei aei oaeiai o?iaiy,
eiaaea anoanoaaiiua aiaeu ia iaania/eaatho iaiaoiaeeiiai o?iaiy
?acaaaeaiey neeaa i?iiuoeaiiuo aiae.

Ca yoio aea i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie caa?yciaiiinoue aicaeooa aic?inea a
100000 ?ac! *oi ia iiaeao neacaoueny, i?aaeaea anaai, ia caei?iauea
/aeiaaea. Aaniethoii caei?iaua aeaoe iiyaeythony ia naao ana ?aaea. A
?acee/iua iaaeeoeeineea ?ac?aaioee, o?aaotho ia?iiiuo cao?ao.

I?ioei oi a?aiy, eiaaea iaoae no?aia iianthaeo eeoi i?iaicaeaoaeny
aeaaec naeeeoeeiia?a E.A. Ie/o?eia: «Iu ia iiaeai aeaeaoue ieeinouiae io
i?e?iaeu, cyoue eo o iaa- aio iaoa caaea/a». Oaia?ue aai n ai?ueeei
ino?ioieai ia?ao?ace?otho: «Iu ia iiaeai aeaeaoue ieeinoae io i?e?iaeu
iinea oiai, /oi iu n iae naeaeaee».

Iiuue /aeiaaea yaii aeiaaeueii iaa?ioeanue i?ioea iaai naiiai, a yoii
iniiaiia ca?ii yeieiae/aneie i?iaeaiu. Caiaoei,/oi yeieiae/aneee aucia
ia iaiaa, anee ia aieaa iianai e o?aae/ai ii iineaaenoaeyi, /ai
yeiiiie/aneee e iieeoe/aneee. Ii iaaei i?eciaoue e oi, /oi ioaaoeoue ia
iaai iaaiciiaeii iiieii ?aaeeeaeueiuo naeaeaia a ie?iaie yeiiiieea e
iieeoeea, a niciaiee eeaea?ia e ieeeeiiia.

5.3. Iianiinoue, iaaenoay iaae /aeiaa/aneie oaeanoiinoueth

Iiae aeaiieeiaui ia/ii iaoiaeeony ia oieueei «aiaoiyy i?e?iaea»,
oa yeieiae/aneay ieoa, a eioi?ie iu aeeaai, ii e iaoa «aioo?aiiyy
i?e?iaea»:iao i?aaieci, ieioue, /aeiaa/aneay oaeaniinoue. Iiyo Inei
Iaiaeaeueooai ienae: Aeaii iia oaei.

*oi iia aeaeaoue n iei,

Oaeei aaeeiui,

E oaeei iiei.

Aea, iu aeooiaiu. O ian anoue ?acoi. E, eae oaa?ytho oaieiae-aeoo,aeooa.
E aeooiaiinoue aicauoaao /aeiaa/anoai iaae anaie eiuie i?e?iaeiuie
oaiiiaiaie. Ii ana iiaoi?ytho,/oi ee/iinoiinoue /aeiaaea anoue
oaeanii-aeooiaiia aaeeinoai. Oaeaniia caei?iauea anaaaea ia iaeiii ec
ia?auo iano a nenoaia /aeiaa/aneeo oeaiiinoae.

Oai o?aaiaeiaa neuoaoue ia?anoathuea i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey aeieiaia,
aaiaoeeia, iaaeeeia i oii, /oi iu noiei ia?aae iianiinoueth ?ac?ooaiey
/aeiaaea, eae aeaea, aeaoi?iaoeee aai oaeaniuo i?aaiia. ?anoaouaaiea
aaiioiiaea, eeoea oaae aaiiie eiaeaia?ee, ioe?uaathuae ia oieueei
ai?eciiou, ii e ceiaauea aiciiaeiinoe. Yoi oieueei ia?aua iaiiieiaiey i
a?icyueo aaaeao.

Aeieiae/aneea aa?eaiou «i?ec?aea O?aieaiooaeia» cao/ao ana
ianoie/eaaa.Iianathony auoiaea ec iiae eiio?iey «iooaioiuo aaiia»,
iiaoueo eneaceoue yaiethoeeiiiua i?eniiniaeaiey /aeiaaea a
iai?aaeneacoaiii iai?aaeaiee. Ia?anoaao aaiaoe/aneay ioyaiuaiiinoue
/aeiaa/aneie iiioeyoeee.Iianaianoii oeene?oaony ?aceia ineaaeaiea
eiioiiiai aiia?aoa /aeiaaea iiae aicaeaenoaeai enaiiaeioeeia e
iiiai/eneaiiuo no?annia.

Anoue c?eiua iineaaenoaey yoiai yaeaiey. Eaaeaiyuaa neiai NIEAe ana
/aua aoi?aaaony a /aeiaa/aneoth aeeciue. ?yae enneaaeiaaoaeae
iieaaatho,/oi yoi iaeioi?ue yoai aeieiae/aneiai nouanoaiaaiey ?iaea
ethaeae. Naycai ii n iaiaocaeaiui ianniaui aoi?aeaieai ethaeae a
i?e?iaeiua iniiau eo nianoaaiiiai auoey. NIEAe naaiaeiy-yoi oaea ia ocei
iaaeeoeeineay, a iaua /aeiaa/iay i?iaeaia.

E yoiio iaaei i?eaaaeoue ia?anoaiea i?ioeaioa ianeaaenoaaiiuo
o?iaenoa, ?ino aeaineiai aanieiaeey e ioaeneie eiiioaioeee. Eiie ?ac
aeaaea ieooo ia «yeieiae/aneie aoaea ia naen», nnueaynue ia oi, /oi a
?acaeouo no?aiao eiee/anoai naiaiiie aeeaeeinoe o ioae/eiu ca iineaaeiea
iie aaea nieceeinue aaeaia.

Ieaai oeie/aneeo aauanoa, a eioi?ue iuia iia?oaeaaony iaoa
iianaaeiaaiay aeeciue, eceiiu iieeoeee e ceacaae yeiiiieee- ana yoi
aeaenoaoao ia ia?aioth nenoaio, aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiua niiniaiinoe e
niiaoe/aneea i?iyaeaiey ieeeeiiia. Ia eeoei i?eciaee oece/aneiai
au?iaeaeaiey a ?yaea ?aaeiiia, iaoaea?aeeiia, iiaeeeiii yieaeaie/aneia
?aniiciaiea ia?eiiaiee e aeeiaieecia.

5.4. E?ecen /aeiaa/aneie aeooiaiinoe

Eioi?iaoeeiiiue aiaeiai?io, eioi?ue /aeiaa/anoai a iineaaeiaa
aeanyoeeaoea i?ioeiai aaea naii nicaeaei e a eioi?ii ieacaeinue, eeoee
ian i?aaa iai?eeiniiaaiiinoe iaoeo eeethcee. Iiae/an inoa?aaiaeay
aani?eno?anoiinoue iann-iaaeea oie/oiaeeea aiciiaeiinoue /aeiaaea
aeiiuneeaaoue, ieoieiaece?iaaoue iaecaanoiia – aai i?inoi ia noaei.
*oanoaa ieacaeenue iaioaeiuie – oeeieci i?aa?aoeeny a ?aoeaeneth. O
/aeiaaea en/acea naiaiaea aac no?aoa auoue iaea?iooui oioy au a
aiia?aaeaiee ?aaeeciauaaoue naie aeia?ua iiaoaeaeaiey, no?aieaiey e
iaaeaaeaeu a yoii, aei oiai iiiaioa iao?iiooii, eioeiiii iiea
iaecaanoiiai. Noa?aieyie aaciaeyaeii no?aiyueony ca aeaoaaui ?aeoeiaii
iann-iaaeea, /aeiaae aae?oa ociae, “eae ana oaeanii ia naiii aeaea”. O
iaai ia inoaeinue ianoa aeey aeia?ie iunee, naaoeie iaaeaaeaeu, iaeaiie
ia/ou. *aeiaae i?inoi noae ana ciaoue. Ii noae ciaoue aieueoa, /ai
iiaeao i?eaeoiaoue, oaioace?iaaoue. O iaai ia inoaeinue ianoa aeey
iaiaa?a aai iunee – ii aae?oa iiiaioaeueii ieacaeny i?aaeneacoaiui,
aaiaeueiui, aan/oanoaaiiui. E iaayc/eaui aeey naiiai naay, iaia?aae
ciathuaai ethaie enoiae. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi nouanoaoao iaeia e?eoe/aneia
/enei ?aoeeiiaeueii iaiauynieiuo nia?oae ethaeae, eioi?ia iaecaaaeii
aucuaaao yieaeaieth noeoeeaea n?aaee anao, eoi ociaao ia yoeo nia?oyo.
N?aaaouaaao ineoe/aneee iaoaieci, eioi?ue iiaeii iacaaoue eieeainii
i?aanoaaiiinoe – iaiauynieiinoue nia?oe ?yaeii n niaie ac?uaaao a
/aeiaaea iaoaieci io/aoiinoe e auaiaeeo ec-iiae eiio?iey ?annoaeea
?aeeeoiaoth niaanoue. Iia iai?a/eaaaony i?ioea /aeiaaea e oaeaaao aai
iniciaieai aai aea nianoaaiiie a?aoiaiinoe, ioiineoaeueiinoue eioi?ie
noaea oaia?ue ath iai?eaieaia. Oa ii?aeueiua aeiionee, eioi?ua iiae
iaoeneii oeeaeeecaoeee /aeiaae iicaieye naaa anth naith aeeciue,
oaia?ue, i?eoiiiaeaiiua ae?oa ae?oaii, o?aaotho naiaai ii?aaaeaiey,
iainiiaaiey io /aeiaaea e noaiiayony iai?aiaeieeiui i?aiyonoaeai aeey
i?iaeieaeaiey aeecie, anee aai ia iaoiaeeony eee iii ieacuaaaony
niiieoaeueiui. Oeeaeeecaoeey, eioi?ay noi?ie?iaaea /aeiaaea oaeei,
eioi?ay a caaioa i iai caianoeea niaie aai ?annoaeie, aeaaea ia caiaoeo
aai oaia?ue, n iiiaoeie “N?i/ii!” ioneay a yoe? ana iiaua oaeenoaaiiua
aeaiiua ia i/a?aaeiuo aea?oaao yieaeaiee.

Aaccaueoiay, ia/ouayny /aeiaa/aneay iuneue ai iiiaeo neo/ayo
ieacuaaaony ianiiniaiie ioaaoeoue ianoiyuaa, c?aei ioeaieoue i?ioeia,
oioy au eae-oi c?aei i?aaeaeaeaoue aoaeouaa. Iao nae/an iaaeaaeiuo
nioeeaeueiuo oai?ee e oeeinioneeo eiioeaioeee, a ?aieao eioi?uo iiaeii
auei au eae oi ii?aaeaeaiii ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue iaoa naaiaeiyoiaa e oai
aieaa-caao?a.

Iao naaiaeiy acaeyaea ia ie?. Iauanoai /aeiaaea eae-oi oo?aoeei
niune.

Eaeae i?ioeiai aaea «auoeaaee» e iieacaee anth naith ooiieth. Ia/oa
E.Ia?ena i «iioiea aiaaonoaa», eioi?ue i?ieueaony e anao
iaeaaiaeaoaeuenoaoao ,inoaeanue ia o?iaia iaaeaaeae.

Anoue naiue i?inoie ?an/ao:anee noaiaea?o iio?aaeaiey 5 ieeeeiiia
aoonaeaea?ia iiaeiyoue aei o?iaiy «Cieioiai ieeeea?aea», oi iaiaoiaeeii
ca 50 eao oaeaieo iio?aaeaiea anao ?ano?nia e a 500 ?ac oaaee/eoue
i?iecaiaenoai yia?aee.I?e iuiaoiai oaoie/aneii iniauaiee yoi ia
aiciiaeii, a aeinoa?a yoiai i?inoi ia auaea?aeeo. Iieo/aaony, /oi ana
/aeiaa/anoai iaoiaeeony a eaeaeiii aaeooia.

*oi eanaaony ?aeeaee e yecioe/aneeo o/aiee e ainoi/iuo iooaieia,oi
eae ei e iieiaeaii, ciaoo a «ie? eiie». Iaeiaei, ianiio?y ia aiaoiaa
iaeeea iai?aeeaee, iiiaieeeiai naeoaionoaa- i?eioeeieaeueii iiauo eaeae
iao.

Aeeiaieea ?aceeo aeiaaeueiuo enoi?e/aneeo niauoee e naeaeaia i?eaiaeeo e
iioa?a i?eaioaoeee, e?aoo nayouiue, aeooiaiiio iionoioaieth.

Aeaaiia a –yoi ia io/aeaaoueny. Ia noieo i?eneooeaaoueny e oai, eoi
e?e/eo i eiioea naaoa. Iu aeeaai a o?aae/aneoth yiioo, ii «neeoeii
iiiaea iooatho o?aae/aneia e aaciaaeaaeiia»- oae aiai?ee A. Eaith.

6. Caiaae- Ainoie- ?inney a aeeaeiaa eoeueoo?.

E e noaeueaai anaai ie?a, e e a?yaeouaio iaoae no?aiu i?eiaieiu o?e
iai?aaeaiey aeaeaiey aoaeouaai. Iie ia noaoai eiie?aoiu, a iaicia/atho
eeoue iniiaiua aaeoi?u aeaeaeaiey. Noaiaoe/ii iie oaeiau: aeoaiei
ianneienoe/aneea, ?aaeoaeii iioeienoe/aneea e o?acai ?aaeenoe/aneea
noeaia?ee.

N ianneieciii a?iaea au ana aeinoaoi/ii ynii. Ii iiaieth aai
noi?iiieeia, /aeiaa/anoai e ?inneth aeaeao aeaaeue, ?acaae, ?aniaae,
aeano?oeoeey. Yoi aiieaeeioe/aneia aeaeaiea. Iii, e niaeaeaieth, oe?iei
?ani?ino?aiaii a iao/ii- oaoie/aneii e ?aeeaeiciii aa?eaioao.

?acoaeaeua iioeienou iieaaatho, /oi aa naii niaie aeaaiiieo/ii
?ac?aoeony. Oaeie iiaeoiae n?iaeie niuneo ae?aaiaeeoaeneiai aoi?ecia:
«Nyaeue ia aa?aao ?aee, niieieii aeaee, e ieii oaay i?iieuaao o?oi
oaiaai a?aaa». E niaeaeaieth nia?aiaiiay neooaoeey, a eioi?ie iaoiaeyony
ie? e iaoa no?aia, ia iiaeao auoue ?ac?aoaia iooai aeaaiaeooiuo
oiiaaiee. Ainoi/iue i?eioeei O-Aye e iai ia i?eiaiei. Aua ?ac
neaaeai: ie ie?, ie iaoa no?aia ia ia?a/aiu. O?acaue, iniuneaiiue
acaeyae ia noeaia?ee o?aaoao ?acoiiuo aeaenoaee, i?in/eoaiuo oaaia,
iiao/ae aiee, i?aaeaeueiie nia?aiiinoe anao e any.

Aeey ?innee aa?iue acaeyae a iaic?eiia aoaeouaa iniaaiii cia/ei. *oiau
iaeoe naia ianoi a no?aieoaeueii eciaiythuaeny /aeiaa/aneie Anaeaiiie,
iai iaaei aueoe ec yeiiiie/aneiai e?ecena, ooaa?aeeoue iieeoe/aneoth
noaaeeueiinoue, ?acaayoue aeaiia?aoe/aneea noia?ee, iaania/eaaoue
oeaeiniinoue e aeooiaiia aaeeiaiea ia?iaea. Ii?aaeaeyy naia ianoi a
aeeaeiaa eoeueoo?, ?inney ia iiaeao eaeoe ii iooe neaiiai eiie?iaaiey ie
Caiaaea, ie Ainoiea. Iaoa eoeueoo?a naiiaeinoaoi/ia. Iia ioe?uoa ethaui
aao?ai, ii iinooieony naiaiau/iinoueth. Iu ia oioaee au, /oiau yoe aao?u
naeee ian n iia. Iai iaeuecy aeiionoeoue caaieaaaiey neiaeiie e
aaee/anoaaiiie anaeaiiie enoi?ee.

Ia i?aoaiaeoy ia ianneainoai, iiieiay iaoa ?aaeueiia ianoi a
nia?aiaiiii ie?a, iaoe ethaee oaa?aiu a oii, /oi ?aaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe
iiaiai iiaeuaia aoaeoo eniieueciaaiu. Iie iaaeathony, /oi eo ?iaeeia ia
ioeaoeony ia caaeai?ee ie?a, ia inoaiaony iaiueeii enoi?ee, oai
i?ino?ainoaii, ia eioi?ii aeeaoo ia?iaeu, aeaiiino?e?othuea,eae aeeoue
iaeuecy.

Caiaoei,/oi iaeie oiiaaiey, aeaaea aaeioiiaaiiua, aeaeo ia iiiiaoo.
Ia?aae iieieaieai ?inneyi, anooiathueo a iiaue aae, noiyo ianooaaiua
caaea/e. Aieue e o?aaiae ie?a iaeeaaeuaathony ia iaoo nianoaaiioth
neooaoeeth. Iaaei iieaaaoue, /oi oaea a ia?aua aeanyoeeaoey iiaiai aaea
aoaeoo iaeaeaiu yooaeoeaiua iooe auoiaea e iiaui ai?eciioai. Aua ?ac
neaaeai: oia, aiee, yia?aee ia?iaeai ?innee ia caieiaoue. Ana yoi
aeieaeii auoue aeoeaii eniieueciaaii e aeaoue iaaeaaeiue ?acoeueoao.

Ioae?aoeu e iiyou, iieeoeee e yeiiiienou, i?aaeoaee e ?yaeiaua- ana
anoatho ia?aae iaiaoiaeeiinoueth ?acoiiiai auai?a, ii?aaeaeaiey iooe.
Iaaei i?aaeoniio?aoue aiciiaeiua eiioeeeou, iac?aaathuea i?ioeai?a/ey,
iiyaeythueany i?aiyonoaey. Ioaeia nieeaea?iinoue anao ia?iaeia e anao
nioeeaeueiuo nee. Ia eneeth/aia aiciiaeiinoue iiyaeaiey iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo
eaeaieiaee e iaaaiaeueiuo aeioiaeia. Aieaa oiai, yoi ianouii
iaiaoiaeeii. Ana eo/oea oiu noiyo ia?aae aeiaaeueiie caaea/ae:
iono?aeaaiey no?aoaaee /aeiaa/anoaa ia XXIa. Neaaeai, /oi aa aua iao.
Iia oieueei a iaiaoeao.

Iieai ioe?uouo aiciiaeiinoae i?aaenoaao any aeiaaeueiay neooaoeey.
Iaeeoei ono?aieaiiinoue e neeaaeuaaieth oeaeinoiiai ieaiaoa?iiai ie?a
ethaeae. Ana /aua cao/eo i?ecua «aeaenoaiaaoue eieaeueii, iuneeoue
aeiaaeueii» AEeciue eiioeiaioia, ?aaeiiia, no?ai- ainoaea?noa nae/an
niioiineony n ieaiaoa?iie oeieie.

7.I?aaeiinueee i?aiaeieaiey aeiaaeueiuo e?eceniuo eieeecee.

Ia?aay i?aaeiinueea-yoi?acaa?ouaaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiie(eiiiuethoa?iie),
aeioaoie/aneie ?aaiethoeee eae oaoiieiae/aneie iniiau aiciiaeiiai
auoiaea ec neooaoeee «auaeeaaiey», i?aiaeieaiea i?aa?aae e iauaaeeiaieth
/aeiaa/anoaa. Niciaiea ia aa iniiaa iaeie iiaie oeeaeeecaoeee (iiinoa?u)
iiea aua auyaeyaony ia o?iaia i?aaeiinueie.Iaeeoei ?aaeueiua oaiaeaioeee
e ?acaa?ouaaieth aieaa aoiaiece?iaaiiiai e aeaaiiieo/iiai ie?iaiai
niiauanoaa a iaic?eiii aoaeouai.

Eiaiii yoa eioi?iaoeeiiiay ?aaiethoeey nicaeaao iauaeoeaioth
i?aaeiaoioth iniiao, eioi?ay iicaieeo ioaanoe oa?iiyaea?ioth e
yeieiae/aneoth oa?ico, a oaeaea iianiinoue, iaaenooth iaae /aeiaa/aneie
oaeaniinoueth.

Iu iaoiaeeiny ia?aae eeoeii iiaie anaeaiiie, iiaie i?e?iaeu, iai
iaiaoiaeeii a?aiy aeey oiai, /oiau ainnoaiiaeoue eee onoaiiaeoue iooe
iiieiaiey yoie iiaie i?e?iaeu. Iiaua oece/aneea e iaoaiaoe/aneea
n?aaenoaa-ana yoi iiaeao iiiyoue A?aiy, Anaeaiioth eia/a, /ai
o?aaeeoeeiiii. Yoi oa ia?aay iniiaa,ia eioi?ie iiaeii ni?aaeoueny n
oa?icaie.

Aoi?ay i?aaeiinueea-yoi aiciiaeiinoue ooaa?aeaeaiey a ea/anoaa
aeiieie?othuaai oeia ie?iaiai oicyenoaa- niaoaiiie ?uii/iie e, eae
i?aaeei, nioeeaeueii caueuaiiie yeiiiieeie n yeaiaioaie eiiaa?aaioiiai
oeia.

Yoa oi?ia yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee niiaeao niinianoaiaaoue oaycea
eioa?ania ?aciuo oicyenoaaiiuo noauaeoia, aa?iiiecaoeee naycae,
iaoiaeaeaieth aaeaina iaaeaeo yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoueth e
nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoueth.

Iai?aaeaiea iauaai iienea iioeiaeueiiai oicyenoaaiiiai ono?ienoaa,
niioiioaiea ieaia e ?uiea a iniiaiuo /a?oao oaea ii?aaeaeeeinue. E yoi
iineoaeeo oi?i/aieth ie?ioicyenoaaiiuo naycae, ?aoaieth aeaaeueiuo
i?iaeai.

O?aouey i?aaeiinueea-noaiiaeaiea i?eioeeia iaianeeey e aeaiie?aoe/aneiai
niaeaney ai aiaoiae e aioo?aiiae iieeoeea, a a?oiiiauo e iaaeee/iinoiuo
ioiioaieyo.

Eae yoi ie i?enei?aii, ii aa?anney, ianeeea auee aa/iuie niooieeaie
enoi?e.Naaiaeiy anoue iaiaei oao, eoi ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi ?ino ianeeey-yoi
ii?aaeaeythuay oaiaeaioeey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.Aiai?yo, /oi ioaeai iiaue

«iaaeeiioanneiiaeueiue» e iaaeeoeueoo?iue ianney e oieueei ii ?aci?aao
aaeiaia eieueoei a?aaeaeu e iaiaaenoe. Aea, inoaaaynue ia ii/aa
?aaeueiinoe, iu aeaeei, /oi auno?aeu ai iiiaeo ?aaeiiao caiee aua
a?aiyo, i?ieeaaaony ethaeneay e?iaue.

Iaeiaei n iaiaeuie ecaea?aeeaie i?iaeaaaony eaeay aeeaeiaa, niaeaney,
acaeiii?eaieaiuo ?aoaiee. Oa?iei «eiinainon», «ia?aaiai?iue i?ioeann»,
«eiii?iienn» noaiiayony iinoiyiiuie ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie a?aia. Eae iaoei
caiaoee Ia?oei Ethoa? Eeia: «Oio,eoi aa?eo a iaianeeea- aeoaiei aa?eo a
aoaeouaa».

«Neea nieiio eiieo»-aiai?eo ?onneay iineiaeoea. «Neea anoue-oia ia
iaaei»-auneacuaaiea ia o?iaia iauaeaiiie aeecie.E aunoea e iecoea
iieeoeee, ainoaea?noaaiiua aaeueiiaee, aiaiiua /eiu, e?eieiaeueiua
«aaoi?eoaou», naiaeiua aeaniiou-eneiie yoei ?oeiaiaenoaiaaeenue.

Iaeiaei a?aiaia iaiythony. Ia ianoi a?oaie oece/aneie neeu i?eoiaeeo
i?aanoaaiiay neea i?aaaeu. E aio iuia ni ne?eiii, ii ana aea iaiyaony
noa?iaeaaiyy iniiaiay ie?aieaea iieeoeee. Yoi iaiae?yao, anaeyao
iaaeaaeaeo ia oi, /oi a ia?niaeoeaa (ionoue ia naiie aeeceie) aiciiaeii
ono?aieoue aieiu, aii?oaeaiiua eiioeeeou, aeanoieea «?acai?ee».

A yoi iaeaaei iiaa?eoue, ii a yoi iaaei aa?eoue, yoiai neaaeoao
aeiaeaaoueny, e ie?o aac «eoea/iiai i?aaa» iaaei no?aieoueny. Eaeaae
iaianeeey, i eioi?ii aiai?eee iiiaea- io Eenona O?enoa aei A.E.
Eaieia, iiaeao ia?anoaoue auoue iaiyuae aeaeaeie oeaeueth, ii iiaeao
ia?anoaoue auoue eaeaaeii e i?aa?aoeoueny a aaia?aeueiue i?aeoe/aneee
?aaoeyoea iiaeeeiiuo /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee.

*aoaa?oay i?aaeiinueea-yoi iauaaeeieoaeueiua(yeeoieie/aneea)
i?ioeannu aeooiaiie aeecie eae a ?aeeaeiciii, oae e a naaoneii
aa?eaioao.

N iaiaeuie ecaea?aeeaie eaeao iiene oiai, /oi iiaeao naeeaeaoue
eeaa?aeueioth e nioeeaeenoe/aneoth iuneue,onoaiiaee Aaoeeaia e
i?aaineaaey, caiaaeiue iaioaeeoao e ainoi/iue yoeeao. Iiiuoee
iiaeaiae?eoue yoe i?ioeannu ia ?aaeee, Aaoeeai oaea i?aaeeiaeee
ea?a?oai I?aaineaaey iaeoe iooe aeey i?aiaeieaiey oea?eiaiiai ?aneiea,
eaeouaai io 1054a. Nioeeae-aeaiie?aoe/aneea eeaea?u no?aiyony e
iaoiaeaeaieth oi/ae nii?eeiniiaaiey n eiiioienoaie e eiina?aaoi?aie.

Iiiuoee eaeaeiiai naeeaeaiey, acaeiiiiieiaiey ana a?aiy
aiciaiiaeythony. Iie aua i/aiue neaau, ?iaee, iaoaa?aiiu, iaoaeeeaathony
ia oii?iia nii?ioeaeaiea ooiaeaiaioaeenoia anao ie?anie. E ana-oaee
eaeao i?ioeann i?eiyoey oa?ieiinoe (oiea?aioiinoe), ioeaca io oi?yiiai
eaeaeii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?ioeaiiinoiyiey eae oneiaey
aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiiai iienea acaeiii?eaieaiuo oeaiiinoae.

1999a. III iauyaeea aiaeii , iinayuaiui oiea?aioiinoe. Yoio oaeo
neiiaoe/ai. Nooue i?ecuaa e oiea?aioiinoe ninoieo a oii, /oiau
eiathueany ?acee/ey eoeueoo?, nioeeaeueiuo a?oii, iieeoe/aneeo e
yeiiiie/aneeo a?oiie?iaie i?eciaoue iaiaa cia/eoaeueiuie, /ai oi,/oi
aaeeieo anao ethaeae ieaiaou. Oa?ieiinoue yoi i?eciaiea aunieie
cia/eiinoe iiiaiia?acey ethaeae, eaeae, ia?acia aeecie. Yoi ?acoiiia
i?eciaiea oiai, /oi ie? iiiaiia?acai, iano? e eiui auoue ia iiaeao. A
aeeoue ana iaaei a yoii ie?a e ono?aiaiea iaoa?ieiinoe, enaiioiaee,
naiiaethaeaiiiai ianneainoaa- iaeii ec aeaaiuo oneiaee aeecie iaoaai
/aeiaa/anoaa.

Iyoay i?aaeiinueea-yoi eaeouay iaoeeiiii iaaeyoie/aneay e
iaaeeoeueoo?iay eioaa?aoeey i?e nio?aiaiee aaoiiiiiinoe e oieeaeueiinoe
eaaeaeiai yoiina e eaaeaeie eoeueoo?u.

Ana oe?a ?acaa?ouaaaony oieaa?naeecaoeey eoeueoo?iie aeecie ia oiia
iaania/aiey naiiauoiinoe anao o/anoieeia yoiai i?ioeanna. ?acei
?anoe?ythony iaaeaeoia?iaeiua, yeiiiie/aneea e eoeueoo?iua eiioaeou.
Aeaaii ?ooioe oacen i «iai?iieoeaaiinoe» e iieiie caieiooinoe
naiiaeinoaoi/iuo ia?iaeia e eo ia?aca aeecie. Onei?yaony eioaineaiue
iaiai oeaiiinoyie. Neioac e acaeiiaeeyiea aeaaeatho iaae canei?oceie
caieiooinoueth.

Oe?ieea iea?aoeeiiiua iioiee aaaeoo e acaeiii?iieeiiaaieth eoeueoo?,
caeinoaiaaieth iaoiaeie ia?iaeia ae?oa o ae?oaa. «Aeeaeia» eoeueoo?
i?aa?auaaony a iiiaiaieinue «iieeeia», iiiuoee nio?aiaiey
«ecieyoeeiiecia» ano?a/athony ana ?aaea (oioy iie e ia en/acee).

Io ?eineiai enoi?eea Naiaee, aiai?eaoaai: «Aanue ie? aaeeiue iai
i?i?iaeeoaeue», io aaaiaaeueneiai «Ianoue yeeeia, ianoue eoaeay» aei
eioa?iaoeeiiaeenoe/aneeo eaeae iaoaai a?aiaie e XX a., aei nia?aiaiiuo
eiioeaioeee iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai aaeeiaiey- ana ia?anoaao no?aieaiea caieyi
e iiaeeeiiiio a?aonoao ?aciuo e aaeeiuo iaeoaoaeae iaoae ieaiaou.

?acoiaaony, anieane «yoie/iinoe», iaoeeiiaeenoe/aneeo no?anoae
i?iaeieaeatho nio?ynaoue /aeiaa/aneee ?iae, ii aeoiaaony, /oi yoi
o?iaeeeaue ceacaa enoi?ee. Anoue iniiaaiey n/eoaoue, /oi ii
iaaeieaiaa/ai. Ono?aieaiiinoue e aaeeinoao aoaeao aeiaeaoue. Iieeoiiey
naiiauoiiai e iaua/aeiaa/aneiai, eo iioeiaeueiay naycue i?iaueao naaa
aei?iao.

Iineaaeiaa ii n/aoo, ii ia ii cia/eiinoe- iaia/athueany i?i?uau a
iaeanoe eioaeeaeooaeueiiai iienea. Eiiaaea aiai?yo aeaaea, /oi iu
iaoiaeeiny a i?aaeaeaa?ee eioaeeaeooaeueiie ?aaiethoeee. E?oiiaeoea
o/aiua nia?aiaiiinoe n/eoatho, /oi iu ia?aae eeoeii Iiaie Anaeaiiie,
iiaie i?e?iaeu, e nae/an /aeiaa/aneee eioaeeaeo eae au aiiaue ia?aoiaeeo
io ninoiyiey oinoaaiiie oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe e ninoiyieth icaaea/aiiinoe,
oaeeaeaiey.

Iaiiiioiiiay eiaeea, aeeceay e iauaeaiiiio iuoeaieth, oeaeinoii
ioaaouaathuay neooaoeeth e o/eouaathuay ianoaiaea?oiua eciaiaiey.
Acaeiii?iieeiiaaiea o?aaeeoeeiiiuo, ainoiaeyueo e Aa?aeeeoo e Aaaaeth,
aeeaeaeoe/aneeo niiniaia ?aciuoeaiey n eiioeaioaie nia?aiaiiuo
oi?iaeueii-eiae/aneeo iaoaiaoece?iaaiiuo nenoai. Anoanoaaiiue eioaeeaeo,
nii?yaeaiea n «eneonnoaaiiui», aeiiieiaiea oai?/aneeo aiciiaeiinoae
iicaa e?aaoeaiuie iioaioeeyie eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoai. Ana yoi e iiiaia
ae?oaia noaaeo ian ia?aae ?aoaieai i?iaeaiu eciaiaiey o?aaeeoeeiiiuo
niiniaia e oeiia iuoeaiey. Oi/iua i/a?oaiey oaeiai eciaiaiey nae/an aua
ia i?iniao?eaathony. Eeoue a naiii iauai aeaea iiaeii iaiaoeoue
o?aaeoi?eth iiaeiaiuo naeaeaia a /aeiaa/aneii eioaeeaeoa. Iiaeaeoe,
?a/ue iiaeao eaeoe ia eiaa?nee eioa?ania iuneyueo e aeaenoaothueo
nioeeaeueiuo noauaeoia, i iienea e iaoiaeaeaiee ia?aaeeaiu iuoeaiey, ia
eneeth/athuae i?ioeai?a/ee, ii ia?auathueo aieiaiea ia
eiiieeiaioa?iinoue, acaeiiaeiiieieoaeueiinoue eaeae, eo eioaa?e?iaaiea a
iiiaiia?ioth oeaeinoiinoue.

Noieo ioiaoeoue,/oi nae/an ino?i noieo aii?in i iaoiaeaeaiee
i?eaieaiuo eiioaeoia ?aoeeiiaeueiiai e aia?aoeeiiaeueiiai, iao/iiai e
oaoie/aneiai, ynoaoe/aneiai e ienoe/aneiai a inaiaiee ?aaeueiinoe.
?ac?ua e iooi?aeaiey ae?oa io ae?oaa ?aciuo noi?ii /aeiaa/aneiai aeooa
auyaeee naith iaaoaiinoue e cuaeinoue ?acoeueoaoia.

Caaa?oay eceiaeaiea c?eiuo iaaeaaeae, neaaeai i iaiaoiaeeiinoe
eiino?oe?iaaiey aeiaaeueiie yoeee, oieaa?naeueiuo i?aanoaaiiuo
i?eioeeiia, oe?aieythueo ana/aeiaa/aneoth nieeaea?iinoue. Ioae?inoue e
niaanoue auoa i?yiieeiaeiuo enoei, nooiai ?aoeeiiaeueiiai ciaiey.
Ciaiea, ia iaeaai?iaeaiiia aa/iuie oeaiiinoyie, ia iiiiiaeaiiia ia
eaeath aeaaa, ia ooaa?aeaeathuaa ni?aaaaeeeainoue iiaeao i?eaanoe e
anaiauae aeaaee. Aac yoeee /aeiaa/aneie nieeaea?iinoe oa?icu ia niiaoo
auoue ioaaaeaiu, a iaaeaaeaeu ia niiaoo ii?aaaeaoueny. Oaeiau iniiaaiey
aeey auoiaea ec aeiaaeueiiai e?ecena, a eioi?ue iu iia?oaeaiu.

8.Caeeth/aiea.

Iu aeyaeei a eeoei iiaie oeeaeeecaoeee. Eae e eaeie iia neiaeeony?
?anoeaao eee oiaaeie? Oi?aeanoai ?acoia eee aacaeoiiay e aacaieueiay
aeaaeue? Yeniainey a Aaeaeoeeo eee caiueaiea a noaiiayuaeny
iaeiiaeaaeiie aeinoa?a Caiee? ?anoe?aiea a eaeeo-oi iiauo oi?iao
aeaiie?aoe/aneeo onoaiiaeaiee eee oi?aeanoai iai?aaiaeaaeaeue/aneie
iaaaiaoeiu?

Yoe e iiaeiaiua ei aii?inu o?aaotho ioaaoa. Eo iaaei ?aoaoue
eaaeaeiio. Eo i?aaenoieo ?aoaoue ia oieueei eeaea?ai no?ai e ia?oee.Yoe
?aciuoeaiey ioaeiu aeey oiai,/oiau aeeei, auaeeei e iiaaaeeei
/aeiaa/anoai.

Iuia,eae ieeiaaea a i?ioeii, iuouaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue aaeeiaiey anao
iiceoeaiuo nee aeey ?aoaiey iac?aaoeo aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai.Iaeei ec iaoeo
iiyoia aoi?enoe/ii neacae: «Eee a?aoneea iauyoey, eee a?aoneay iiaeea»,
yoi oae.. Ae?oaie aei?iae iao. Ana iu, ethaee, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiu. Auai?
ca iaie. E iniaaiii ca iiauie iieieaieyie, anooiathueie nae/an a
aeeciue, caieyiaie XXI noieaoey.

AEeciue i?iaeieaeaaony e anoue iaaeaaeaea, /oi iiea /aeiaa/anoai
aeeaao, ioe?uaaao, caaioeony ia ie?oaeathuai, ?aciuoeyao, euao; iiea
anoue oaieua e aeia?ua na?aeoea -enoi?ey aeeeony e iaae?aao iiaue
?acaaa.

10.Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u:

1) Aaee Ae. «A?yaeouaa eiaeono?eaeueiia iauanoai»/ Iineaa.,1999a.

2) Aeaaeaeiae/ A.A. «A ca?eaea oeeinioee»/?inoia ia Aeiio/Oaieen/1997a.

3) Iienaaa I.I. «Noaeueaa oeeaeeecaoeee. Iooue ?acoia» /Iineaa/Iieiaeay
aaa?aeey/2000a.

4)Iienaaa I.I. «Iiaay eiaeono?eaeueiay aieia ia Caiaaea.
Aioieiaey»/Iineaa/ Iieiaeay aaa?aeey/1999a.

5) Iienaaa I.I «Yeieiaey /aeiaa/anoaa aeacaie iaoaiaoeea»/ Iineaa/
Iieiaeay aaa?aeey. 1998a.

6) Noaiei A.N.,Eociaoeiaa E.O. «Iao/iay ea?oeia ie?a a eoeueoo?a
oaoiiaaiiie oeeaeeecaoeee»/Iineaa,1994a.

7) Iaia?ei A.N. «Aeiaaeueiia iieeoe/aneia i?iaiice?iaaiea»/Iineaa,
2000a.

8) Oiooea? Y. «O?aouey aieia»/ Iineaa, 1999a.

9) Oo?io E. «Aoaeouaa eaieoaeecia»/Iiaineae?ne, 1999a.

10) Ooeei A.E. «Aia?eeaineay no?aoaaey aeey XXI aaea»/Iineaa, 2000a.

11) Ooeei A.E. «Oeeinioey aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai»/Iineaa, 1998a.

12) *oiaeia A.I. «Oeeinioey aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai» /Iineaa, 1994a.

Iaia?ei A.N. «Aeiaaeueiia iieeoe/aneia i?iaiice?iaaiea»/Iineaa, 2000a

Iienaaa I.I. «Noaeueaa oeeaeeecaoeee. Iooue ?acoia» /Iineaa/Iieiaeay
aaa?aeey/2000a.

Iaia?ei A.N. «Aeiaaeueiia iieeoe/aneia i?iaiice?iaaiea»/Iineaa, 2000a.

Ooeei A.E. «Aia?eeaineay no?aoaaey aeey XXI aaea»/Iineaa, 2000a.

Iienaaa I.I. «Iiaay eiaeono?eaeueiay aieia ia Caiaaea.
Aioieiaey»/Iineaa/ Iieiaeay aaa?aeey/1999a.

I.I. Iienaaa «Yeieiaey /aeiaa/anoaa aeacaie iaoaiaoeea»/ Iineaa/
Iieiaeay aaa?aeey. 1998a.

Noaiei A.N.,Eociaoeiaa E.O. «Iao/iay ea?oeia ie?a a eoeueoo?a
oaoiiaaiiie oeeaeeecaoeee»/Iineaa,1994a.

*oiaeia A.I. «Oeeinioey aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai» /Iineaa, 1994a.

Ooeei A.E. «Oeeinioey aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai»/Iineaa, 1998a.

Noaiei A.N.,Eociaoeiaa E.O. «Iao/iay ea?oeia ie?a a eoeueoo?a
oaoiiaaiiie oeeaeeecaoeee»/Iineaa,1994a.

Ooeei A.E. «Oeeinioey aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai»/Iineaa, 1998a.

Oiooea? Y. «O?aouey aieia»/ Iineaa, 1999a

Aeaaeaeiae/ A.A. «A ca?eaea oeeinioee»/?inoia ia Aeiio/Oaieen/1997a

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