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Н. Бердяев. Новое средневековье

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?OeAI

TH?EAeE*ANEEE OAEOEUeOAO

?AOA?AO II EIEAA I. AA?AessAAA

“IIAIA N?AAeIAAAEIAUeA”

Nooaeaioa I eo?na

EAAIIAA Eaaia

IINEAA

1996 a.

O?e yothaea, iauaaeeiaiiua a eieaa “IIAIA N?AAeIAAAEIAUeA“, auee
iaienaiu a 1923 aiaeo. Iie aioo?aiia aaeeiu, a ieo ?acaeaathony iniiaiua
iunee I. Aa?aeyaaa a nayce n niauoeyie oiai a?aiaie. Aeaa iineaaeieo
yothaea yaeythony e?eoe/aneeie e eiatho naiae oeaeueth ane?uoea
io?eoeaoaeueiuo ia/ae. Ia?aue yothae iaienai a iieiaeeoaeueiie oi?ia, e
a iai aaoi? euao iooe auoiaea ec ie?iaiai e?ecena.

IIAIA N?AAeIAAAEIAUeA

A enoi?ee, eae e a i?e?iaea, nouanoaotho ?eoi, ?eoie/aneay
niaia yiio e ia?eiaeia, niaia oeiia eoeueoo?u, i?eeeau e ioeeau,
iiaeuaiu e nionee. ?eoie/iinoue e ia?eiaee/iinoue naienoaaiiu anyeie
aeecie. A aeaiiue iiiaio i?ienoiaeeo enoi?e/aneia a?aiy niaiu yiio.
Noa?ue ie? iiaie enoi?ee eii/aaony e ?aceaaaaony, e ia?iaeaeaaony
iaaaaeiiue aua iiaue ie?. Yiioo iaoo y oneiaii iaicia/ath eae eiiaoe
iiaie enoi?ee e ia/aei iiaiai n?aaeiaaaeiauey . ?aoeeiiaeueiue aeaiue
iiaie enoi?ee eii/aaony, nieioea aai caoiaeeo, ianooiatho noia?ee, iu
i?eaeeaeaainy e ii/e. Ana eaoaai?ee ia?aaeeoiai oaea nieia/iiai aeiy
iai?eaiaeiu aeey oiai, /oiau ?acia?aoueny a niauoeyo e yaeaieyo iaoaai
aa/a?iaai enoi?e/aneiai /ana. A yoio /an noa?ay neiaieeea enoi?e/aneie
ieioe ?ooeony, e /aeiaa/anoai euao iiaie neiaieeee, eioi?ay aeieaeia
au?aceoue niaa?oathuaany a aeooiaiie aeoaeia. N?aaeiaaaeiauea iiaeii
iacaaoue ii/iie yiioie anaie?iie enoi?ee. Ana i?eau/iua eaoaai?ee iunee
e oi?iu aeecie naiuo “ia?aaeiauo” , “i?ia?anneaiuo”, aeaaea
“?aaiethoeeiiiuo” ethaeae XIX e XX aaeia aaciaaeaaeii onoa?aee e
iioa?yee anyeia cia/aiea aeey ianoiyuaai e iniaaiii aeey aoaeouaai. A
iiaia n?aaeiaaaeiauea aieaeao iiuo naiaiaeu, ia?aaeeoue a iiaie enoi?ee,
e ana iieiaeeoaeueiua caaiaaaiey niaanoe e aieueoay ooii/aiiinoue aeooe.
Nae/an enoi?e/aneee ie? ia?aaeeaaao aaeeeoth ?aaiethoeeth, ia
eiiioienoe/aneoth ?aaiethoeeth, eioi?ay a aeoaeia naiae niaa?oaiii
?aaeoeeiiia e anoue eeoue aieaiea ?aceiaeeaoeony yeaiaioia noa?iai ie?a,
a ?aaiethoeeth aeooa. I?ecua e iiaiio n?aaeiaaaeiaueth a iaoo yiioo e
anoue i?ecua e ?aaiethoeee aeooa, e iiaiio niciaieth . Anee iao aiaa, oi
iao e /aeiaaea – aio /oi iiuoii iaia?oaeeaaao iaoa a?aiy . Iaeo?aeueiia
aoiaienoe/aneia oea?noai, eioi?ia oioaei ono?ieoueny a na?aaeeiiie noa?a
iaaeaeo iaaii e aaeii, ?aceaaaaony, e iaia?oaeeaaaony aa?oiyy e ieaeiyy
aacaeia. Aiai/aeiaaeo i?ioeainoieo ia /aeiaae iaeo?aeueiiai e
na?aaeeiiiai oea?noaa, a /aeiaaeiaia, /aeiaae, iinoaaeaoee naay ia ianoi
Aiaa. Iaia?oaeeaathony i?ioeaiiieiaeiua iiethna auoey e iaauoey.
Ia?aoiae e iiaiio n?aaeiaaaeiaueth, eae iaeiaaea ia?aoiae e noa?iio
n?aaeiaaaeiaueth, nii?iaiaeaeaaony i?eiaoiui ?aceiaeaieai noa?uo iauanoa
e iai?eiaoiui neiaeaieai iiauo. Ia i?ioyaeaiee anae iiaie enoi?ee
ia?anoae aioo?aiiee ?aniaae iauanoa, ainnoaiea /aeiaaea ia /aeiaaea,
eeanna ia eeann. Ai?ueaa ca i?ioeaiiieiaeiua eioa?anu, eiieo?aioeey,
aeoaieia oaaeeiaiea e iieeiooinoue eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea oa?aeoa?ecoao oei
iauanoa iiaiai a?aiaie. A aeooiaiie e eaeaeiie aeecie yoeo iauanoa
iaia?oaeeaaeanue ana ia?anoathuay ooa?y aaeeiiai oeaio?a, aaeeiie
aa?oiaiie oeaee. Iiaay enoi?ey iiiyea naiaiaeo eae eiaeeaeaeoaeeci, eae
oi?iaeueiia i?aai eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea e eaaeaeie noa?u eoeueoo?u ia
naiiii?aaeaeaiea. Naiue i?ioeann iiaie enoi?ee aue iiiyo eae
inaiaiaeaeaiea. Ii ai eiy /aai inaiaiaeaeaiea? Ai eiy /aeiaaea, ai eiy
aoiaiecia, ai eiy naiaiaeu e n/anouey /aeiaa/aneiai. Ii iaeuecy
inaiaiaeeoue /aeiaaea ai eiy naiaiaeu /aeiaaea, oaeay naiaiaea
ieacuaaaony niaa?oaiii oi?iaeueiie e aanniaea?aeaoaeueiie.
Eiaeeaeaeoaeeci anoue ii nouanoao naiaio io?eoeaoaeueiia eni?aaeaiea, ii
iaiaa anaai oe?aieyao ee/iinoue, ia?ac /aeiaaea, e a
eiaeeaeaeoaeenoe/aneoth yiioo nianai ia i?ioeaaoatho y?eea
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe , neeueiua ee/iinoe. Eiaeeaeaeoaeenoe/aneay
oeeaeeecaoeey XIX aaea n aa aeaiie?aoeae, n aa iaoa?eaeeciii, n aa
oaoieeie, n iauanoaaiiui iiaieai, i?annie, ae?aeae e ia?eaiaioii
niinianoaiaaea iiieaeaieth e iaaeaieth ee/iinoe, iooeaaoaieth
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe, ieaaee?iaea e anaiauaio niaoaieth. Ee/iinoue auea
neeueiaa e y?/a a n?aaeiea aaea. Iaeiaei, ee/iinoue anoue eeoue a oii
neo/aa, anee anoue Aia e aiaeanoaaiiia. Eiaeeaeaeoaeeci ecaeee a iiaie
enoi?ee ana naie aiciiaeiinoe, a iai oaea iao yia?aee. Eiiaoe aeooa
eiaeeaeaeoaeecia anoue eiiaoe iiaie enoi?ee. A /an noia?ae, a /an caeaoa
/aeiaae noaiiaeony eeoeii e eeoeo ia?aae oaeiie aeecie, ia?aae Aiaii, ii
iia?oaeaaony a oieaa?naeenoe/aneoth, einie/aneoth aoiinoa?o. *aeiaae
auoiaeeo e iauiinoe. ?ooaony iniiau ie?inica?oeaiey XIX aaea, e iioiio
?ooaony iainiiaaiiua ia iai ainoaea?noaa e eoeueoo?u. Iaaeaiea caeiiiiai
i?eioeeia aeanoe, i?aaiaiai i?eioeeia iiia?oee e aeaiie?aoee e caiaia
aai i?eioeeiii neeu, aeeciaiiie yia?aee niiioaiiuo iauanoaaiiuo a?oii e
niaaeeiaiee iiaeii oneiaii iacaaoue n?aaeiaaaeiaueai.

Iaoeia, oaoieea, oa aeanoue, eioi?oth iia n niaie i?eiineo, oa
auno?ioa aeaeaeaiey, eioi?oth iia ii?iaeaeaao, nicaeatho oeia?u e
oaioaciu, iai?aaeytho aeeciue /aeiaa/aneoth e oeeoeeyi, eioi?ua
i?iecaiaeyo aia/aoeaiey iae?aaeueiaeoeo ?aaeee. Eaieoaeeci e nioeeaeeci
iaeeiaeiai nii?iaiaeaeathony oiaaeeii e oaanaieai aeooiaiiai oai?/anoaa,
oaueueth aeooa a /aeiaa/aneii iauanoaa. Iie aicieeatho ia ii/aa oauee
eae ?acoeueoao aeieaiai enoi?e/aneiai iooe ioiaaeaiey io aeooiaiiai
oeaio?a aeecie, io Aiaa. Any yia?aey iai?aaeeanue ai aia. Yoi e anoue
ia?aoiae eoeueoo?u a oeeaeeecaoeeth. Ioie?aao any nayuaiiay neiaieeea
eoeueoo?u. Ia oea?eiaue, a ae?aea noaea ainiiaenoaothuae e ?aaoee?othuae
neeie aeecie. Ethaee n/eoatho naay naiaiaeiuie io nayuaiiiai aacoiey.

Iiaay enoi?ey nicaeaea oi?iu iaoeeiiaeecia, eioi?uo ia ciae ie?
n?aaeiaaaeiaue. ?aoi?iaoeey e aoiaieci aeaee aeooiaioth ii/ao eeoue aeey
eneeth/eoaeueiiai naiiooaa?aeaeaiey e naiicaiueaiey, ?ac?ooeee eaeath
anaeaiiinoe. Ii n ae?oaie noi?iiu, iu anooiaai a yiioo, eiaaea noaeueaa
anao iaoeeiiaeueiinoae ia?anoaea auoue caieiooie e eciee?iaaiiie, ana io
anao caaenyo. Eoeueoo?a ia?anoaao auoue aa?iiaeneie, iia noaiiaeony
anaie?iie. ?inney, noiyuay a oeaio?a Ainoiea e Caiaaea, iieo/aao ana
aieaa iuooeoaeueiia ie?iaia cia/aiea, noaiiaeony a oeaio?a ie?iaiai
aieiaiey. ?onneee ia?iae ec anao ia?iaeia ie?a iaeaieaa ana/aeiaa/aneee,
anaeaineee ii naiaio aeooo. E i?ecaaieai ?onneiai ia?iaea aeieaeii auoue
aeaei ie?iaiai iauaaeeiaiey.

A eaeeo /a?oao ?enoaony iiaia n?aaeiaaaeiauea? Yoi anoue
i?aaeaea anaai eiiaoe aoiaiecia, eiaeeaeaeoaeecia e ia/aei iiaie
eieeaeoeaiie ?aeeaeiciie yiioe. Aoiaienoe/aneia oea?noai ?aceaaaaony e
?aniaaeaaony ia i?aaeaeueiue, aioeaoiaienoe/aneee e aoaenoe/aneee
eiiioieci e ia aeieaeainoaothuoth nia?aoue a naaa anyeia iiaeeeiiia
auoea Oea?eiaue O?enoiao. Aia aeieaeai aiiaue noaoue oeaio?ii anae iaoae
aeecie, iaoae iunee, iaoaai /oanoaa, aaeeinoaaiiie ia/oie iaoae,
aaeeinoaaiiie iaoae iaaeaaeaeie e oiiaaieai. Iiaia n?aaeiaaaeiauea
i?aiaeieaao aoiieci iiaie enoi?ee. Yoio aoiieci i?aiaeieaaaaony eee
eiaeii – eiiioieciii, eee enoeiii – Oea?eiaueth, niai?iinoueth. Iiaia
n?aaeiaaaeiauea, eae e noa?ia, ea?a?oe/ii ii naiaio no?iaieth. I?ioea
a?enoie?aoe/aneiai, aoiaienoe/aneiai naiiooaa?aeaeaiey anaaaea ainnoaao
aeaiie?aoe/aneia aoiaienoe/aneia naiiooaa?aeaeaiea, i?ioea aaniethoiie
/aeiaa/aneie iiia?oee – aaniethoiay /aeiaa/aneay aeaiie?aoey. Oea?ue eee
aeai?yinoai eiatho ia aieueoa i?aa ia aeanoue, /ai ia?iae, /ai
e?anoueyia eee ?aai/ea. Iioiio, /oi aiiaua ia nouanoaoao /aeiaa/aneiai
i?aaa ia aeanoue, anyeay iioioue aeanoe anoue a?ao. Aeanoue anoue
iaycaiiinoue, a ia i?aai, e aeanoue oiaaea eeoue i?aaiaay, eiaaea iia
inouanoaeyaony ia ai eiy naia e ia ai eiy naieo, a ai eiy Aiaeuea, ai
eiy i?aaaeu. Iiaia a?aiy eiino?oe?iaaei aeanoue eae i?aai e
eioa?aniaaeinue ?aca?aie/aieai i?aa ia aeanoue. Iiaia n?aaeiaaaeiauea
aeieaeii eiino?oe?iaaoue aeanoue eae iaycaiiinoue. Anoanoaaiiue
ea?a?oeci aeecie aeieaeai anooieoue a naie i?aaa, e ee/iinoe n aieueoei
iioieiae/aneei aanii, n aieueoae iaea?aiiinoueth e aiaeiinoueth aeieaeiu
caiyoue iiaeiaathuaa ianoi a aeecie.

?ACIUOEAIEss I ?ONNEIE ?AAIETHOeEE

?onneay ?aaiethoeey anoue aaeeeia ian/anouea, anyeay ?aaiethoeey –
ian/anouea. N/anoeeauo ?aaiethoeee ieeiaaea ia auaaei. ?aaiethoeey anoue
?ie e noeoey, e aa iaeuecy iai?aaeoue, eae iaeuecy aa inoaiiaeoue. E
aieueoaaeee ia iai?aaeyee ?aaiethoeeth, a auee eeoue iineooiui aa
i?oaeeai. ?aaiethoeeth ioaeii ia?aaeeoue, eae oyaeaeia caaieaaaiea.
I?e?iaea ?aaiethoeee oaeiaa, /oi iia aeieaeia aeieoe aei eiioea,
aeieaeia ecaeeoue naith y?inoioth noeoeth, /oiau a eiioea eiioeia
i?aoa?iaoue iaoaea/o e ia?aeoe a naith i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue, /oiau ec
nianoaaiiuo iaae? ii?iaeeoue i?ioeaiyaeea. A ?aaiethoeee anaaaea
iiaeaatho oa, eioi?ua aa ia/aee e eioi?ua i iae ia/oaee. A noeoee
?aaiethoeee ia iiaoo ainiiaenoaiaaoue eaeea – eeai oia?aiiua ia?oee,
aee?iiaeenou eee eaaeaou. Aieueoaaeci aue eca?auaiiui, auaa?iooui
iaeciaieo inouanoaeaieai ?onneie eaeae, e iioiio ii iiaaaeee. Iiiiaei
oi, /oi o ?onneeo i/aiue neaai ea?a?oe/aneia /oanoai, ii i/aiue neeueia
neeiiiinoue e aaoie?aoe/aneie aeanoe. Ie i eaeii i?aaiaii,
eiinoeoooeeiiiii ainoaea?noaa ?onneee ia?iae e neuoaoue ia oioae.
A?aaeaeaineea aieiu ai a?aiy ?aaiethoeee yaeythony ?ieiaie
iaecaaaeiinoueth. Ii ieeaeea a?aaeaeaineea aieiu ia iiaoo iieiaeeoue
eiiaoe ?aaiethoeee, ia iiaoo auoue auoiaeii ec o?aaaaeee ?aaiethoeee.
?aaiethoeee iiaoo auoue i?aiaeieaiu eeoue neeaie ii?aaiethoeeiiiuie,
eeoue ia/aeaie, ioee/iuie e io oao, /oi ainiiaenoaiaaee aei ?aaiethoeee,
e io oao, /oi ainiiaenoaotho a naiie ?aaiethoeee. Iienoeia aaee/aeoay
caaea/a, eioi?ay noieo ia?aae ?inneae, yoi – caaea/a auoiaea ec
e?iaaaiai e?oaa ?aaiethoeee e ?aaeoeee, ia?aoiaea a ae?oaia ecia?aiea.
?onneee aii?in anoue nae/an i?aaeaea anaai aeooiaiue aii?in. Aia
aeooiaiiai ia?a?iaeaeaiey ?inney ia iiaeao auoue nianaia. Aieueoaaeci
iaeuecy eeeaeaee?iaaoue oi?ioae i?aaiecaoeeae eaaaea?eeneeo aeeaecee. Ii
aeieaeai auoue i?aaeaea anaai i?aiaeieai ecioo?e aeooiaii, a caoai oaea
iieeoe/anee. Aeieaeai auoue iaeaeai iiaue aeooiaiue i?eioeei
i?aaiecaoeee aeanoe e eoeueoo?u.

?inney ia?aaeeaaao yiioo aeaii?aeecaoeee, iiaiie ca ianeaaeaeaieyie
aeecie. I?aaenoieo no?aoiia iiieaeaiea o?iaiy eoeueoo?u, ea/anoaa
eoeueoo?u. Noa?ay eioaeeeaaionee-?aaiethoeeiiiay ineoieiaey oaia?ue
ia?aoea e eiio??aaiethoeeiiiui yiea?aioneei e?oaai. Oa /oanoaa, eioi?ua
?aiueoa auee iai?aaeaiu ia naiiaea?aeaaea, ia?aiinyony ia aieueoaaeeia.
?aaiethoeey iaianea oyaeaeua ?aiu ?innee, ii a iaeiii ioiioaiee iia
aoaeao eiaoue iieiaeeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou – iia iineoaeeo aeaeo
aic?iaeaeaiey Oea?eae e ?aeeaeiciie aeecie a ?innee. ?aaiethoeey anaaaea
iiiiaaao i?iyaeoue aeaenoaeoaeueii ?aeeaeiciia ninoiyiea ia?iaea. Iia
aeieaeia naia naay ecaeeoue, eno?aaeoue naaa. Eiiioienoe/aneay eaeay
naia naay iiici?eea, iia ia iiaeao oaea eiaoue ieeaeiai i?aiea.

AeAIIE?AOEss, NIOeEAEECI E OAIE?AOEss

I?aaeiaoii enneaaeiaaiey a yoie noaouea aoaeoo ia iiiaiia?aciua
oi?iu iieoaeaiie?aoee e iieonioeeaeecia, a i?aaeaeueiua au?aaeaiey yoeo
oeiia, eo “eaeae”. Nouanoaotho ?aciiia?aciua ia?aoiaeiua oi?iu iaaeaeo
aeaiie?aoeae e nioeeaeeciii, eo naeeaeaiey e ni/aoaiey, ii aeaiie?aoey e
nioeeaeeci i?eioeeieaeueii i?ioeaiiieiaeiu. Aeaiie?aoey iineo
oi?iaeueiue oa?aeoa?, iia naia ia ciaao naiaai niaea?aeaiey e a
i?aaeaeao ooaa?aeaeaaiiai ath i?eioeeia ia eiaao ieeaeiai niaea?aeaiey,
iia inoaaony ?aaiiaeooiie e aeia?o e ceo. Aeaiie?aoey ia ciaao enoeiu, e
iioiio iia i?aaeinoaaeyao ?ane?uoea enoeiu ?aoaieth aieueoeinoaa
aieinia. Iieeiiaiea anaiauaio aieiniaaieth aiciiaeii eeoue i?e iaaa?ee a
enoeio, iaciaiee enoeiu. Aeaiie?aoey io?eoeaao aeooiaiua iniiau
iauanoaa, eaaeauea aeoaaea oi?iaeueiiai /aeiaa/aneiai aieaecuyaeaiey.
Iia eae aoaeoi au ia i?aaeoniao?eaaao oiai, /oi aieueoeinoai iiaeao
noiyoue ca iai?aaaeo e eiaeue, a enoeia e i?aaaea iiaoo inoaaaoueny
aeinoiyieai iaaieueoiai iaiueoeinoaa. Aeaiie?aoee ia icia/atho naiaiaeu
aeooa, naiaiaeu auai?a, yoie naiaiaeu iiaeao auoue aieueoa a iauanoaao
ia aeaiie?aoe/aneeo. Aeaiie?aoey aicieeaao, eiaaea ?aniaaeaaony
i?aaie/aneia aaeeinoai ia?iaeiie aiee, eiaaea aoiiece?oaony iauanoai,
eiaaea aeaioo ia?iaeiua aa?iaaiey, niaaeeiyaoea ia?iae a aaeeiia oeaeia.
Iia a neeao oieueei iaoaie/anee noiie?iaaoue aieth anao, ii iauae aiee,
i?aaie/aneie aiee ia?iaea iia iieo/eoue ia iiaeao. Aiey ia?iaea yoi ia
anoue aiey /aeiaa/aneiai iieieaiey i/aiue e?aoeiai io?uaea enoi?e/aneiai
a?aiaie. Yoi anoue aiey anaai enoi?e/aneiai oeaeiai, aiey anao
enoi?e/aneeo iieieaiee, ia oieueei aeeaoueo, ii e oia?oeo, a iaa aoiaeyo
enoi?e/aneea i?aaeaiey e o?aaeeoeee. Iiyoiio, a ii?aaeaeaiee noaeueau
?innee aeieaeai auoue oneuoai aiein anaai ?onneiai ia?iaea. Aeaiie?aoey
ia oi/ao yoiai ciaoue, e iioiio iia ia ciaao aiee ia?iaea, a ciaao eeoue
iaoaie/aneia noiie?iaaiea aiee ie/oiaeiie eo/ee nia?aiaiieeia.
?aci/a?iaaiea a aeaiie?aoee naycaii n aa aanniaea?aeaoaeueii-
oi?iaeueiui oa?aeoa?ii.

Nioeeaeeci, a i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue aeaiie?aoee, iineo oa?aeoa?
iaoa?eaeueii- niaea?aeaoaeueiue, ii ciaao /aai oi/ao, eiaao i?aaeiao
ono?aieaiey. Nioeeaeeci i?aoaiaeoao auoue iiaie aa?ie aeey /aeiaa/anoaa,
ii aunooiaao n ?aeeaeiciuie i?eoycaieyie, oi/ao aeaoue oeaeinoiia
ioiioaiea e aeecie, ?aoeoue ana aii?inu aeecie. Nouanoaoao eca?aiiue
eeann – i?ieaoa?eao, yoi e anoue ca/aoie enoeiiiai /aeiaa/anoaa, a
eioi?ii oaea ia aoaeao yenieoaoaoeee. Ia?aoiae aeanoe e yoiio eeanno
aoaeao icia/aoue i?uaeie a oea?noai naiaiaeu, ie?iaoth eaoano?ioo, iinea
eioi?ie e ia/iaony enoeiiay enoi?ey eee naa?oenoi?ey. Oaeiau oiiaaiey
eeanne/aneiai ?aaiethoeeiiiiai nioeeaeecia. Ii niaeanii yoie oai?ee
noaa?aieoao i?eiaaeeaaeeo ia i?ieaoa?eaoo eae oaeoo, a i?ieaoa?eaoo eae
“eaeaa”, eioi?ie aeieaeii i?eiaaeeaaeaoue ainiiaenoai a ie?a. Iineoaeai
“eaeae“ i?ieaoa?eaoa, ciathuei enoeio, yaeyaony eca?aiiia iaiueoeinoai,
e eiaiii aio i?eiaaeeaaeeo any iieiioa aeanoe. I?aai ia naiaiaeiia
aieaecuyaeaiea i?eiaaeeaaeeo eeoue eca?aiiie /anoe i?ieaoa?eaoa,
iaeaaeathuae enoeiii nioeeaeenoe/aneie aieae. Anao ?aai/eo, eioi?ua ia
niciaee “eaeae“ i?ieaoa?eaoa, eeoatho i?aaa ia ecuyaeaiea aiee. Ionthaea
oe?aie/aneia ainiiaenoai iaiueoeinoaa. Nioeeaeeci i?eioeeieaeueii
iaoa?iei e yeneethceaai, ii ia iiaeao i?aaeinoaaeoue ieeaeeo naiaiae
naiei i?ioeaieeai, eiaeiiuneyuei. Ii oi/ao ?aoeoue noaeueao /aeiaa/aneeo
iauanoa, io?eoeay naiaiaeo aeooa.

Aieueoaaeee n/eoaeenue ooiienoaie, ii aeeciue iieacaea nianai
ia?aoiia. Iie ieacaeenue ianoiyueie ?aaeenoaie, inouanoaeyee iaeaieaa
aiciiaeiia, aeaenoaoy a iai?aaeaiee iaeiaiueoaai nii?ioeaeaiey.
Aieueoaaeee iaeaieaa i?eniiniaeyeenue e eioa?anai iann, e einoeieoai
iann, e ?onneei o?aaeeoeeyi aeanoaiaaiey.

Nioeeaeeci oi/ao aeaaeaoue anai /aeiaaeii, ii i?aoaiaeoao ia
naioth eioeiioth e nie?iaaiioth aeoaeio /aeiaa/aneie aeooe. Yoe
i?eoycaiey iiaeiaiu i?eoycaieyi Oea?eae. Ii oi/ao iaoaie/anee
auae?anne?iaaoue /aeiaa/aneoth aeooo aeey caiiiai ?ay. Oeaeueth aeecie
iiaeao auoue eeoue aeooiaiay aeeciue e niaea?aeaieai yoie aeecie iiaeao
auoue eeoue iauanoaaiiia niciaiea. Iiyoiio a iniiao /aeiaa/aneeo iauanoa
aeieaeiu iieiaeaiu ?aeeaeicii-aeooiaiua ia/aea, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue
iinoaaeaiu auoa anyeiai naiiooaa?aeaeaiey /aeiaa/aneie aiee. Ii
nioeeaeeci ia?aoiaeeo oaea e eaeiio – oi ia/aeiaa/aneiio niaea?aeaieth,
e ia/aeiaa/aneie eieeaeoeaiinoe, ai eiy eioi?ie ana /aeiaa/aneia
i?eiineony a aea?oao. Nioeeaeeci anoue ?aaeoeey i?ioea iiaie enoi?ee e
aica?ao e n?aaeiaaaeiaueth, ii ai eiy eiiai aiaa. “Eaeay“ i?ieaoa?eaoa,
ai eiy eioi?ie eueaony noieueei e?iae, ieacuaaaony niaa?oaiii
aanniaea?aeaoaeueiie eaeaae. Iia aiai?eo ia i?oaeeyo aeecie, ii ie/aai
ia aiai?eo i naiie aeecie, aei oeaeae aeecie nioeeaeeci oae e ia
aeioiaeeo.

A aeeciue aa?iiaeneeo iauanoa iiaaaeii aioee nia/aea
aeaiie?aoey, a iioii nioeeaeeci, iioiio /oi noa?ua oaie?aoe/aneea
iauanoaa ?aceiaeeeenue. Oaie?aoe/aneia ainoaea?noai au?iaeeeinue a
neioeyoeeth nayuaiiiai oea?noaa, ana aieaa e aieaa oa?yy naia nayuaiiia
niaea?aeaiea. N?aaeiaaaeiaue oaie?aoe/aneee caiunae – iaeei ec
aaee/aeoeo caiuneia enoi?ee. Ii naiaiaea /aeiaa/aneiai aeooa ia auea a
iai i?eiyoa ai aieiaiea. Oea?noai Aiaeuea ia iiaeao auoue inouanoaeaii
ianeeueii. Eneaiea naiaiaeu e oieeioei ia?iaeu ia iooue aeaiie?aoee.
*aeiaae iioae iooai aaoiiiiiiai naiiii?aaeaeaiey, naiiii?aaeaeaiea
ia?aoei a naiiooaa?aeaeaiea, naiiooaa?aeaeaiea i?eaaei e
naiieno?aaeaieth /aeiaaea. Neiaieeci noa?ie oaie?aoee eiae ana-oaee aei
a?aiaie, aei ecaanoiiai aic?anoa /aeiaa/anoaa iiaeeeiii nayuaiiia
cia/aiea. Noa?ua iauanoaa auee iieiu nayuaiiie neiaieeee. E yoi eiaei
ia?iiiia cia/aiea a ainieoaiee e aiaeeoaeuenoaa o?enoeaineeo ia?iaeia.
Ii aeieaeai aue ianooieoue iiiaio a aeecie ia?iaeia, eiaaea iie
iiaeaeatho ia?aeoe io neiaieecia e ?aaeecio, e iae?aaeueiaeoae aeecie.
Iu ia?aaeeaaai ie?iaie e?ecen anao nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneeo eaeaieiaee e
oi?i. Noa?ia oaie?aoe/aneia ainoaea?noai ainnoaiiaeoue iaeuecy, e iaio
iao aica?aoa, iioiio /oi iii ia inouanoaeyei Aiaeueae i?aaaeu, eeoue ai
aiaoieo i?eciaeao aeaeaei aeae, /oi inouanoaeyao aa. Aeaiie?aoee
i?iaicaeaneee naiaiaeo auai?a, ii iaeuecy aeieai caaea?aeeaaoueny ia
yoie naiaiaea, ioaeii ath ainiieueciaaoueny, ioaeii naeaeaoue auai?
i?aaaeu, iiae/eieoueny eaeie – oi enoeia.

?onneee ia?iae, niaeanii iniaaiiinoyi naiaai aeooa, ioaeae naay a
aea?oao aeey iaauaaeiai enoi?e/aneiai yenia?eiaioa. Ii iieacae
i?aaeaeueiua ?acoeueoaou ecaanoiuo eaeae. ?onneee ia?iae ia iiaeao
inouanoaeyoue na?aaeeiiiai aoiaiiiai oea?noaa, ii iiaeao inouanoaeyoue
eee a?aonoai ai O?enoa, eee oiaa?euanoai a aioeo?enoa. Anee iao a?aonoaa
ai O?enoa, oi ionoue aoaeao oiaa?euanoai a aioeo?enoa. Yoo aeeeaiio n
iaiau/aeiie ino?ioie iinoaaee ?onneee ia?iae ia?aae anai ie?ii.

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