.

Метафора Рикёра

Язык:
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 903
Скачать документ

IAOAOI?A ?EE??A

?aoa?ao

Iineianeee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oieaa?neoao

ei. I.A.Eiiiiiniaa

Iineaa, 1998a.

I i?iaeaiaoeea neiaiea e iaoaoi?u

Neiaie a ineoiaiaeeca. Iaoaoi?a a oe?ieii niunea – yoi neiaie, ia/oi
niiniaiia e aeaieiiio niuneo. Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii ia/aoue ?anniio?aiea n
oiai, eae ?ee?? iainiiauaaao aeaieiie niune e aeaieiie ycue. A naiae
?aaioa “Nouanoaiaaiea e Aa?iaiaaoeea” ?ee?? aiai?eo i oaiiiaiieiaee
i?ioeainoiyiey ?aeeaee e ineoiaiaeeca. Nouanoaiaaiea aeey ineoiaiaeeca –
nouanoaiaaiea aeaeaiey, e iaia?oaeeaaaony a a?oaieiaee noauaeoa.
Aa?iaiaaoeea oaiiiaiieiaee aeooa aiai?eo i ae?oaii ?aniieiaeaiee
enoi/ieea niunea, ia ca noauaeoii, a aia?aaee iaai, e iiyoiio iia
oaeaieiae/ia, caeanue iia aeeaea oaiiiaiieiaeae ?aeeaee, ii ?ee??o –
ynoaoieiae/aneie, eioi?ay enoiaeeo ec aeaoeo?iaee ?aeeaeiciiai iauaeoa a
?eooaea, ieoa, aa?iaaiee, aeaeaao yoi, iie?aynue ia i?iaeaiaoeeo
nayuaiiiai, /oi ii?aaeaeyao oai?aoe/aneoth no?oeoo?o. Ineoiaiaeec aea
ciaao oieueei neiaiee/aneia ecia?aiea, eco/ay neaaeu auoaniaiiuo
aeaeaiee, i?eieiaaony eeoue naoea cia/aiee, neiaeeaoayny a
aanniciaoaeueiii enoiaey ec ia?ae/iiai auoaniaiey e niaeanii aeeaaeai
aoi?e/iiai auoaniaiey, oae ii iiaeao iaeoe eeoue oi, /oi ca?aiaa euao. A
naieo iieneao ineoiaiaeec iaoaeeeaaaony ia ycue aeaieiiai niunea, aieaa
oiai, ineoiaiaeec aai ia?aoaao – eiaiii nouanoaiaaiea ineoiaiaeeca –
aeieacuaaao cia/eiinoue yoiai ycuea. Yoi ycue neiaieia ianaiaeeiue e
iaeiicia/iui cia/aieyi. Caeanue ?ee?? eae?o aeaeueoa, aiai?eo, /oi
ii?aaaeaiea aa?iaiaaoeee a oii, /oiau eneaoue a naiie i?e?iaea
?aoeaeneaiiai iuoeaiey i?eioeeiu eiaeee aeaieiiai niunea. “Eeoue
i?iaeaiaoeea ?aoeaenee ocaeiieaaao naiaioeeo aeaieiiai niunea” (1,
no?.29).

I aa?iaiaaoeea ieoa. A ?aaioa “Aa?iaiaaoeea e no?oeoo?aeeci” ?ee??
ieoao i oii, /oi eioa?i?aoaoeey eiaao naith enoi?eth e yoa enoi?ey
yaeyaony ninoaaiie /anoueth naiie o?aaeeoeee; iu eioa?i?aoe?oai ia
i?inoi oae, a aeey oiai, /oiau aunaaoeoue, i?iaeeeoue e oai naiui
iiaeaea?aeaoue aeeciue o?aaeeoeee a eioi?ie naie iaoiaeeiny. Yoi
icia/aao, /oi a?aiy eioa?i?aoaoeee iaeioi?ui ia?acii i?eiaaeeaaeeo
o?aaeeoeee. Ii naia o?aaeeoeey aeeaa aeaaiaea?y naiae eioa?i?aoaoeee
yoiai aeeaaea. A iiiuoea ioaaoeoue ia aii?in eae eioa?i?aoaoeey
aienuaaaony ai a?aiy o?aaeeoeee, ii/aio o?aaeeoeey aeeaao eeoue
iin?aaenoaii e aioo?e eioa?i?aoaoeee, eae aiciiaeii ia?ana/aiea yoeo
aeaoo a?aiaiiinoae, ?ee?? euao iaeia o?aouea, aeoaeiiia a?aiy. “Iii
aoaeao a?aiaiai naiiai niunea” (2, no?.38). Aeaeueiaeoee aiaeec
i?ioiaeeo iiae ciaeii oiai, /oi aanue yoio a?oc acaeiinaycaiiuo a?aiai
iaaei enneaaeiaaoue aianoa ni no?oeoo?ie neiaiea, oiai, /oi niiniaii e
aeaieiiio niuneo. Naiaioeea iaoaoi?u iiaeao ?anniao?eaaoueny a
no?oeoo?a ieoa, iaoaoi?a eae iai?a?uaiia ieoioai?/anoai, eae aea
niioiinyony neiaiee/aneee neie iaoaoi?u (aeeth/athuee aeaieiie niune) e
ieo? ?ee?? aiai?eo, /oi ieo aeieaeai auoue iiae/ei?i neiaieo. Ieo
iiaanoaoao i niauoeyo ia/aea e eiioea, i?eiaaeeaaeaueo
ooiaeaiaioaeueiiio a?aiaie – yoi aeiiieieoaeueiia ecia?aiea aeey oiai
neiaiee/aneiai ieaia, eioi?ue enoi?e/ai. Ii oaea aiieiuaiea ieoa,
iiaanoaiaaoaeueiia eee a ?eooaea, ia i?aauaaao aieaa a yoii aeoaeiiii
neia. “Aeaeaeaiea io neiaiea e ieoo e ieoieiaee – yoi ia?aoiae io
ne?uoiai a?aiaie e ennyeoaio a?aiaie” (2, no?.41).

Ianeieueei neia i iaoiaea

Iaoiaeu aa?iaiaaoe/aneie e?eoeee no?oeoo?aeecia ai iiiaii naie ii naaa
no?oeoo?aeenoe/iu, ii yoi ia aeieaeii niouaoue, I.?ee?? aiai?ee, /oi
iao/iinoue – yoi, ii nooe, no?oeoo?aeeci: “no?oeoo?aeeci i?eiaaeeaaeeo
iaoea, e, anee ?a/ue eae?o i iao/iii iiieiaiee, y ia aeaeo a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy aieaa aannii?iiai e aieaa ieiaeioai?iiai iiaeoiaea, /ai
no?oeoo?aeeci” (2, no?.42).

Iaeia ec iaeaieaa eioa?aniuo eaeae iaoiaea, ?iaeeeanue ec
oaiiiaiieiaee, a aa?iaiaaoeea aea a? iiaeii iaicia/eoue eae iaeia
iaiauaiea iiiyoey a?aiaie (aniiiiei, “a?aiy eioa?i?aoaoeee” e “a?aiy
o?aaeeoeee”), iii?inoo, yoi aaaaeaiea a no?oeoo?aeeci aeaaii ecaanoiiai
a anoanoaaiiuo iaoeao iiiyoey “oeaeu oa?aeoa?iuo a?ai?i”. Au? i?aaenoieo
aeaoue yoiio oaao iaaeeaaeauaa iainiiaaiea. N eaeaae oeaeu oa?aeoa?iuo
a?ai?i oanii naycaia eaeay “aeaiyeie i?e/eiiinoe”. ?anniio?ei iaeioi?oth
nenoaio a eioi?ie auaeaeei auno?oth iiaenenoaio e iaaeeaiioth. Auno?ay
iiaenenoaia ioee/aaony iaeuie a?aiaiaie ?aeaenaoeee n oi/ee c?aiey
iaaeeaiiie, oi anoue i/aiue auno?i ?aaae?oao ia i?ioeannu i?ienoiaeyuea
a iaaeeaiiie iiaenenoaia e ai aia, e anaaaea oniaaaao i?eeoe a
?aaiiaanea auno?aa iaaeeaiiie iiaenenoaiu, oiaaea iu iiaeai iii?inoo
aiai?eoue i oii, /oi auno?ay iiaenenoaia anaaaea iaoiaeeony a ?aaiiaanee
n ie?oaeaieai, oi anoue, ii ioiioaieth e iae, iaaeeaiiay iiaenenoaia –
yoi iaaeeaiii eciaiythuayny n?aaea, iaania/eaathuay iaeioi?ue iaai?
ia?aiao?ia, eioi?ue nouanoaaiai aeey oa?aeoa?a ?aaeoeee auno?ie
iiaenenoaiu. A naith i/a?aaeue oaeo, /oi auno?ay iiaenenoaia anaaaea
iaoiaeeony a ?aaiiaanee, aea?o iaeioi?oth iiaoth oayceo aaciauo
i?ioeannia e yoa oaycea – caeii “i?e?iaeu” aeey iaaeeaiiie iiaenenoaiu,
ia?aiao?u aeey a? yaiethoeee. Yoi e anoue aeaieiay i?e/eiiinoue:
iaaeeaiiay nenoaia iinoaaeyao ia?aiao?u aeey auno?ie (oi anoue,
“ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo”, eioi?oth auno?ay nenoaia ca a?aiy naiae aeecie,
oi anoue a ianooaaa oa?aeoa?iuo aeey ia? a?ai?i i?eoiaea e ?aaiiaaneth,
i?iecaieueii iaiyoue ia iiaeao), a auno?ay iinoaaeyao iaaeeaiiie iaeee
“caeii i?e?iaeu” (aiieia aiciiaeii auei au iiiaiyoue ianoaie ai an?i
?anneaca neiaa caeii e ia?aiao?u, ii caeiiii caeanue iacuaaaony oi, /oi
iu aeaeei eae caeii). A ea/anoaa eeethno?aoeee iiaeii i?eaanoe
auneacuaaiea ?ee??a i oii, /oi “iieeoe/aneea a?aieoeu ?acoeueoao
enoi?e/aneeo ianoiyoaeuenoa” (3, no?.121). Caeanue iieeoeea – auno?ay
nenoaia, a enoi?ey – iaaeeaiiay.

Ianeieueei neia i i?eiaiaiee aeaiiiai iaoiaea a no?oeoo?iie
eeiaaenoeea. Caeanue iu i?eoiaeei e “neio?iiiie eeiaaenoeea eae e iaoea
i ninoiyieyo, acyouo a eo nenoaiaoe/aneeo i?iyaeaieyo” e
“aeeao?iie/aneie eeiaaenoeea – iaoea ia yaiethoeeyo, i?ienoiaeyueo a
nenoaia” (2, no?.45). Ii Ninnth?o: neio?iienoe/aneee ieai – yoi
ioiioaiey, aeeao?iienoe/aneee – niauoey. Enoi?ey yaeyaony aoi?e/iie,
iaaeeaiiie nenoaiie, e aunooiaao a ea/anoaa eneaaeaiey nenoaiu. A
eeiaaenoeea yoe eneaaeaiey iaiaa eioaeeeaeaaeueiu, /ai ninoiyiey
nenoaiu: “eeiaaenoeea ecia/aeueii neio?iienoe/ia, a aeeao?iiey naia ii
naaa eioaeeeaeaaeueia oieueei a ea/anoaa n?aaiaiey i?aaeoanoaothueo e
iineaaeothueo ninoiyiee nenoaiu; aeeao?iiey eiiia?aoeaia, e eae oaeiaay
iia caaeneo io neio?iiee”(2, no?.46).

?acaeaiea nenoaiu ia iaaeeaiioth e auno?oth /anoue a yoii iaoiaea ia
auaeyaeeo i?iecaieueiui. Ii oiaaea iaaei eiaoue niaeinoue i?aaeiieaaaoue
iaecaanoiia, oi anoue, aiiaua, an? /oi oaiaeii a auno?ie iiaenenoaia, –
a? yaiethoeey i?ienoiaeeo a ?aieao caeiiia, iinoaaeyaiuo au? aieaa
auno?uie iiaenenoaiaie, yoi oi?ioi niioiineony n, oae iacuaaaiie,
oaiiiaiieiae/aneie ?aaeoeoeeae.

Nenoaiu, ?anniao?eaaaiua a no?oeoo?aeenoe/aneii aiaeeca anaaaea
caieioou e iiyoiio anaaaea ?aeaene?otho (a iauai niunea: e ii?aaeae?iiie
iiaeaee iiaaaeaiey ). Oi anoue, ?aeaene?otho nenoaiu iiaeaeae. A ?aieao
caaeaiiie ia?aaeeaiu eiee/anoai iiaeaeae ia?aie/aii – nenoaia anao
iiaeaeae ia?aie/aia a naiae no?oeoo?a. Oae /oi e iienaiiay iaie auoa
iaeia ec iiaeaeae oaiiiaiieiae/aneie ?aaeoeoeee, ii nooe,
neio?iienoe/ia.

Aa?iaiaaoeea no?aieony iauaaeeieoue *oi iieo/ee oeeinio? e Eae yoi
iieo/ee oeeinio? Ii aii?in Eae? ia naiioeaeue. Aa?iaiaaoeea a
no?aieaiee auoue oeeinioeae noaaeo eiaiii aii?in *oi… , ii, eae /anoue
eoeueoo?u, ia?auaaony e /eoaoaeth e ni?aoeaaao aai Eae? , /eoaoaeue
aianoa n aaoi?ii ioaa/atho ia aii?in Eae? e auyniytho *oi? Yoi, –
eiaiii, *oi , ni anaie aai ioiioaieyie e oeeinioee, e /eoaoaeth,
aeaaiia, e no?oeoo?a aeeneo?na /eoaoaeue-aaoi?. *oi noaiiaeony /anoueth
aeeneo?na, aai iaaeeaiiie iiaenenoaiie, iiiaaeaao iiae caeii aeeneo?na,
ia?anoa?o auoue caeiiii a naaa, aii?aee oiio, /oi iiae?acoiaaaaony a
eeanne/aneie naiaioeea no?oeoo?aeecia. *oi au oi?aaeeoue oi??e a
noauaeoeaecia ioiaoei, /oi naia aeaiyeay no?oeoo?a oeeinioee (a?
enneaaeiaaoaeueneay e ia?aciaaoaeueiay /anoe, ii Aonna?eth) caeanue ia
iinooeao nenoaiu aiaeeca, a iauaeo e?eoe/aneiai ?anniio?aiey, e aii?inii
*oi caeanue yaeyaony eiaiii no?oeoo?iay /anoue oeeinioneie aa?iaiaaoeee.
Inoaiainy aea i?e/anoiuie “a?aiaie naiiai niunea”.

Yoi iaiaoiaeeiia anooieaiea e aiaeeco no?oeoo?u iaoaoi?u. E oioy
iineaaeothuee aiaeec aoaeao eniieueciaaoue iienaiiue iaoiae eeoue
einaaiii, iu oaea ia iooe, i?aaei?eieiay iaiaoiaeeiua oneeey a iiiuoea
ioaaoeoue ia aii?in Eae yoi aeaeaao ?ee??, oioy iaiaa anaai iaoae
caaea/ae auea eeethno?aoeey iaoiaea ia i?eia?a aeaoo ?aaio ?ee??a, iie
aaaeiu naie ii naaa.

AEeaay iaoaoi?a

A ?aaioa “AEeaay iaoaoi?a” aiaeec ?ee??a /a?iaao naith neeo a y?eeo
eaeayo i?aaeoanoaaiieeia. Iaeia ec oaeeo y?eeo eaeae i?eiaaeeaaeeo
Ae?aenee, a aai eiioeaioeee iaoaoi?u aiaeiaey caiaiaia eiae/aneei
aano?aeii, eiaiii aano?ae canoaaeyao a eioa?i?aoaoeee ioeacaoueny io
iniiaiiai cia/aiey e eneaoue a niaeo?a aai eiiiioaoeee oo, /oi iicaieyao
naycaoue iaoaoi?e/aneee i?aaeeeao n aai noauaeoii. Aiaeiaey aea ie/aai
ia iauyniyao, aicieeay nei?aa a ?acoeueoaoa auneacuaaiey, iaaeaeo
aauaie, eioi?ua aei yoiai ieeiio ia i?eoiaeeei a aieiao naeeaeaoue e
n?aaieaaoue (caeanue iaaei neacaoue, /oi, ii A?enoioaeth, aiaeiaey anoue
iaiaoiaeeiia aeey n?aaiaiey). ?ee?? caia/aao, /oi a “?eoi?eea”
A?enoioaey n?aaiaiea, iai?eia?, iiae/eiaii iaoaoi?a. Oi aea naiia
eanaaony noiaenoaa ecia?aaeaiey (a oe?ieii niunea) n i?eaeiaeii:
noiaenoai ieacuaaaony naienoaii naiiai ecia?aaeaiey (oi anoue ii oaeoo
nicaeaiey), oi anoue ii?o?aoa a oe?ieii niunea neiaa, a ia
caeeaaeuaaaony a eaeath oiai, eae i?aaeiao aoaeao ecia?aae?i, iioiaea
eee aiana iao. Yoa /anoue noaouee iacaaia aaoi?ii “Noae iaae
noiaenoaii”. Oaeaea o?oaeii ianoaeaeaoue iaoaoi?o, i?eaaaay ei an? iiaui
iaoaoi?ai: ia?aiina, eeiie/iinoe, iaiei/ee, oeeueo?a, ye?aia, eeicu (a
?aaioao o ?e/a?aena, Aeyea), aiciiaeii yoi eeoue ianee?oao ecia/aeueioth
ii?i/iinoue ii?aaeaeaiee e aica?auaao ian e enoiaeiie oi/ea – e iaoaoi?a
ia?aiina a oe?ieii niunea.

Neaaeothuee ia?aa?ao iacuaaaony “A caueoo noiaenoaa”. Oeaeue aai –
iieacaoue /oi: 1. Noiaenoai iaiaoiaeeii a oai?ee “iai?yaeaiey” aieueoa,
/ai a oai?ee caiauaiey; 2. Iii e nicaea?ony auneacuaaieai e o/anoaoao a
aai ii?iaeaeaiee; 3. Iiaeii i?aiaeieaoue aeaoniuneaiiinoue neiaa
“noiaenoai”, eioi?ia, ai-ia?auo, iiieiaaony eae iniiaaiea aeey
n?aaiaiey, a, e?iia oiai, e eae ?acoeueoao oiai aea n?aaiaiey; 4.
eeiie/aneay i?e?iaea iaoaoi?u i?aaeiieaaaaony eeoue a niunea oiai, /oi
ia?aciinoue – yoi naiaioe/aneee eiiiiiaio a no?oeoo?a iaoaoi?u, e, a
yoii niunea, ?aaiii?aaai i?i/ei.

1. Iaoaoi?e/aneee niune – ia naia naiaioe/aneay eieeecey,
“naiaioe/aneay aea?cinoue”, eieue ?acaiai? i iaoaoi?a, a iaeioi?ia iiaia
niaeaniaaiea, aicieeathuaa a ioaao ia aucia. Iaoaoi?a – oi, /oi
i?aa?auaao auneacuaaiea ai aioo?aiia i?ioeai?a/eaia, ii iniuneaiiia.
Noiaenoai, caeanue, – niinia i?aaeeeaoeee i?eciaea noauaeoo, a ia niinia
caiauaiey ei?i. Eiaaea A?enoioaeue niaaooao “ia?aiineoue iacaaiey io
i?aaeiaoia iaeii?iaeiuo, /oiau auei ynii, /oi i?aaeiaou ?iaenoaaiiu”, oi
yoio ia?aiin eiaiii i?aaeeeaoeey i?eciaea, – i?aaeiao A noaiiaeony
i?aaeiaoii ec ?iaea oao, /oi eae A e eae A, e yoio iiaue neioaoe/aneee
i?eciae iiaiai ?iaea iu e aeieaeiu naaa aiia?aceoue.

2. Ia nouanoaoao yieoi?u aac aeeaoi?u, neaaeai oae, eiooeoeee aac
eiino?oeoeee, ?aoa?aioeee e iaeie naiaioe/aneie iiaeaee, iiiiaathuae iai
aienaoueny a yoio “acaeyae aaiey, a?ioaiiue ecaeaeaea” – yieoi?o.
I?aaeeeao aeieaeai i/aiue oi/ii ioae?aoue ii?aaeae?iiua naienoaa
noauaeoa. “Iaoaoi?a – yoi iaeiia?aiaiii “aea? aaiey” e ianoa?noai
aaiiao?a, i?aainoiaeii aeaaeathuaai iaoeie i?iii?oeee” (4, no?.440).
Aeeaoi?a a yieoi?a – ia?aaeien, ii yoi oaea i?ic?aiea, ioe?uaathuaa
noiaenoai oaea iinea ?ac?uaa i?aaeieo ioiioaiee, yoi ca?ii iiaie
no?oeoo?u e ca?ii eaoa?nena. Iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi e caeanue
nouanoaoao ?acaeaeaiea ianooaaia a?ai?i yieoi?u e aeeaoi?u, ii
aaeioiiaeythuee iiiaio a oii, /oi iu oaea iaoiaeeiny a no?oeoo?a eiiai
a?aiaie – a?aiaie nianoaaiii niunea. Ionthaea iiaeii auei au ia?aeoe e
ianoaeaeaieth o?ie/iiai a naiaioeea iaoaoi?u, ii yoi oaea ia iaoa
caaea/a.

3. Ethaua aeaa aaue eiatho iaaeaeo niaie ia/oi iauaa, ii… e ia/oi
?acee/iia. Ii, eiaiii, iaoaoi?a auyaeyao ooieoeeth noiaenoaa, aeaaiaea?y
ae “oiaeaeanoaaiiia” e “?acee/iia” ia niaoeaathony, a i?ioeaiai?noaotho.
I?aaeeoee?iaaiea i?eciaea iaania/eaaao niiniaiinoue iaoaoi?u
ii?iaeaeaoue iiaua niuneu. Caeanue ea?aao ?ieue iaeioi?ia ?aciuaaiea
eiae/aneeo a?aieoe, iaia?oaeaiea iiauo noiaenoa, iaaeaeeiuo a ?aieao
i?aaeiae eeanneoeeaoeee. Ia aoaeai caauaaoue, iaeiaei, /oi i?aaeiyy
eeanneoeeaoeey iaeeaaeuaaao ii?aaeae?iiua ?aiee ia no?oeoo?o
i?aaeeeaoeee. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeaeaa ieoao ?ee??, “iiaeii auaeaeiooue
aeiioaco, /oi aeeiaieea iunee, i?ieeaaeuaathuae naaa iooue /a?ac /auo
onoaiiaeaiiuo eaoaai?ee, eiaao oio aea enoi/iee, /oi e nicaeaiea ethaie
eeanneoeeaoeee” (oai aea, no?.442). Yoi i/aiue e?aneaay aeiioaca. Oi
anoue nouanoaoao iaeia e oa aea iaioaeueiay iia?aoeey, iicaieythuay
“aeaeaoue noiaeiia” e “onoaiaaeeaaoue ?iae”. Iaoaoi?a iiaeao iiii/ue
ane?uoue iaoaieci oi?ie?iaaiey naiaioe/aneeo iieae – iaoaieci, eioi?ue
Aaaeaia? iacuaae “ecia/aeueiie iaoaoi?e/iinoueth ycuea” e noaiiaeony
oaiiiaiii aaiaoe/aneei a iaeanoe ?a/e.

4. Ia?ac, ?anniao?eaaaiue eae “noaia” (ii Eaioo), oi anoue,
iaeiia?aiaiii e ia?ac e oi, /oi iaania/eaaao iiiyoey ia?acaie, i /?i
?ee?? iiae?iaii aiai?eo a ae?oaie naiae ?aaioa, eioi?oth iu ?anniio?ei
iicaea, i?eia?aoaao aa?aaeueiia ecia?aiea: i?aaeaea /ai noaoue iieai
oayaeathueo ia?oeaioia, ii noaiiaeony iieai ?iaeaeathueony cia/aiee.
“Oae aea eae noaia – iao?eoea eaoaai?ee, eeiie/aneee ia?ac – iao?eoea
iiaiai naiaioe/aneiai niaeaniaaiey, ia iaeiieao noa?uo naiaioe/aneeo
eaoaai?ee”. A iaoaoi?a – eae ?ac iaoaieci “noaiaoecaoeee” ia?aca.

Aeaeaa a ia?aa?aoa “Eeiie/aneee ciae e ia?ac” ?ee?? ?acaeaaao eaeae
iineaaeiaai ioieoa i?aaeuaeouaai ia?aa?aoa. Ii ioia/aao, /oi oai?ey
iaoaoi?u i?aaeinoaaeyao oieeaeueioth aiciiaeiinoue i?eciaoue iaee/ea o
naiaioeee e ineoieiaee iauae a?aieoeu e a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ia?auaaony e
oai?ee oeieu I.O?noa?a. Oai?ey yoa, iaaei neacaoue, eiaao naiei iauaeoii
nei?aa iiyoe/aneee ycue a oeaeii, /ai eiie?aoii iaoaoi?o. Ia?aia
iieiaeaiea yoie oai?ee a oii, /oi iiyoe/aneee ycue – yoi neeyiea niunea
n iuouaieyie, a ioee/ea, ii iiaieth O?noa?a, io ycuea iauaeaiiiai,
eiiaaioeeiiaeueiiai. Aeoaaiooaei aea a “Oeeinioneeo enneaaeiaaieyo”
aeoeaioe?oao aeenoaioeeth iaaeaeo cia/aieai e aai iineoaeai, cia/aieai e
aauueth, /oi iiaeii iiiyoue au? e eae aeenoaioee?iaaiea cia/aiey io aai
oaenooaeueiiai iineoaey, o?acaieiae/aneie eiino?oeoeee, eiaiii n yoie
noi?iiu O?noa? i?ioeainoieo Aeoaaiooaeio, oioy nai O?noa? iiieiaao yoi
aeenoaioee?iaaiea, eae ioiinyuaany e cia/aieth e aaue, eioi?oth iii
icia/aao, e ioiineo yoio oaiiiai e iauaeaiiiio ycueo, ioaeaaay aeieaeiia
Aeoaaiooaeio, ioe?uaoaio yoi. Ai-aoi?uo, a iiycee nithc niunea e
iuouaiee (ii O?noa?o) ii?iaeaeaao iauaeou caieiooua ia naaa, ciae
noaiiaeony iauaeoii, a ia iin?aaeieeii. E o?aouea: caieiooinoue ia naaa
iiyoe/aneiai ycuea, iicaieyao aio no?ieoue auiuoeaiiue ie? ai aia
(articuler une experience fictive – ianoaeaaoue ia cia/eiinoe eeethcee,
oeeoeaiuo ia?aaeeaaiee). I?e /oaiee, niaeanii O?noa?o, i?ienoiaeeo ia/oi
iiaeiaiia “epoch” Aonna?ey, oi anoue inaiaiaeae?iiinoue niciaiey io
anoanoaaiiie ?aaeueiinoe e “aeoeaiia ioe?uoea oaenoa”. ?ee?? caia/aao,
/oi iinooeao i ia?aoa?aioiii oa?aeoa?a iiycee, ia noieue i/aaeaeai:
iiiyoea ae?ooaeueiiai iiuoa einaaiii niiaa aaiaeeo eaeath
“niioian?iiinoe” n aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth. Aiai?y caeanue i
?aoa?aioiinoe, neaaeoao ?acaeaeyoue “i?aaaeo i” e “i?aaaeo ii ioiioaieth
e”, iineaaeiaa – oaeae iiycee, iiyoiio aeaeaa ?acaiai? eae?o i i?iaeaia
cia/aiey, a ia enoeiiinoe.

Aeaei ineiaeiyaony oai, /oi ia?aciinoue iiyoe/aneiai, ?ieue eioi?iai a
neeyiee niunea n iuouaieai caeanue enneaaeoaony, niioiineony ia n
“iauae” aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth, a n “ee/iui” iiuoii. Ii eeiie/iinoue, a
ioee/ea io i?inoie annioeeaoeee, i?aaeiieaaaao eiio?ieue iaae ia?acii ni
noi?iiu niunea. “Aeaeaoue eae” iaia?oaeeaaaony a aeoa /oaiey – a oie
ia?a, a eaeie iii i?aaenoaaeyao niaie “niinia ?aaeecaoeee
aiia?aaeaaiiai”. Iauynieoue iaoaoi?o – yoi cia/eo ia?a/eneeoue cia/aiey,
a ?aieao eioi?uo ia?ac aeaeeony eae niune. *aeiaae eeai aeaeeo iaeioi?ua
cia/aiey, eeai iao – eneonnoai “aeaeaoue eae” i?eiaaeeaaeeo noa?a
eiooeoeee, iao/eony aio iaeuecy, iaeneioi /oi iiaeii naeaeaoue – yoi
iiii/ue oaeaeaoue ia/oi a /?i-oi, iiaeiaii yoiio anoue aiaeaeiou,
eioi?ua “aeioiaeyo” caaaaeiii ia aei anao ethaeae. “*oanoai-aeaenoaea
“aeaeaoue eae” iaania/eaaao ia?aciinoue iaoaoi?e/aneiai cia/aiey:
“Ia?ac, iaeiaaeaeu aicieeioa, iaycaoaeueii ieacuaaaony cia/eiui”” (4,
no?.451). Iineaaeiyy oeeoaoa a oeeoaoa i?eiaaeeaaeeo O?noa?o.

Iaoaoi?e/aneee i?ioeann eae iiciaiea

A aieaa iicaeiae e aieaa no?iaie naiae ?aaioa “Iaoaoi?e/aneee i?ioeann
eae iiciaiea aiia?aaeaiea e iuouaiea” i?iaeieaeathuae oaio ?aaiou
“AEeaay iaoaoi?a”, e aeaaea eniieuecothuae iaeioi?ua a? oiaeu e i?eia?u,
?ee?? caaeaaony aii?inii, eioi?ue ei aea aoaeao ?ao?i nei?aa
io?eoeaoaeueii, aiciiaeii ee aiiaua iaieoenue a oai?ee iaoaoi?u, a
naiaioe/aneie oai?ee, enneaaeothuae niiniaiinoue iaoaoi?u e ia?aaea/a
iaia?aaiaeeiie eioi?iaoeee e iainiiaaiiinoue, oaeei ia?acii, i?eoycaiee
iaoaoi?u ia iaiin?aaenoaaiiia i?iieeiiaaiea a ?aaeueiinoue, iaieoenue
aac ineoieiae/aneiai eiiiiiaioa, iau/ii iacuaaaiiai “ia?ac” eee
“iuouaiea”.

Iiyaeyaony iiaay eaeay – iineoaeai iaoaoi?e/aneiai niunea ieacuaaaony
oaia?ue ia neiai, a i?aaeeiaeaiea a oeaeii. I?ioeann acaeiiaeaenoaey
niunea n i?aaeeeaoii oaea ia iienuaaaony eae iaoiieiey, caiaiie neiaa ia
neiai. Iaoaoi?a, – nianoaaiii, ioeeiiythuayny i?aaeeeaoeey, a ia
ioeeiiythuaany iacuaaiea, a oaeaea aeaenoaoao eae ?aaeoeoeey yoiai
neioaaiaoe/aneiai ioeeiiaiey, nicaeathuay iiaoth oianoiinoue, /oi
iiaeaea?aeeaaaony nicaeaieai eaene/aneiai ioeeiiaiey, eioi?ia yaeyaony
ia?aaeeaiaoe/aneei ioeeiiaieai, a oi/iinoe iienaiiui ae?aaieie ?eoi?aie.

Aeaeaa aaoi? ia?aoiaeeo e iniiaiie oaia, e ?aaioa iiaeiaey. Niinia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey noiaenoaa e, ia?aeeaeueii, aiia?aaeaiey, ia yoii oaea
aiai?eeinue a i?aaeuaeouae ?aaioa, eiiaiaioai, – oi anoue ia /oaeae, –
naiiio i?aaeeeaoeaiiio i?ioeanno. ?aaioa iiaeiaey i?enoua e aiiiaaiia
ioeeiiaieth io ii?iu, naiie naiaioe/aneie eiiiaaoeee.

Naie ieai oniaa?oainoaiaaiey naiaioeee iaoaoi?u iin?aaenoaii ia?auaiey
e ineoieiaee aiia?aaeaiey aaoi? ?acaeaaao ia o?e yoaia. I?aaeaea /ai
i?enooieoue e iaio, ?ee?? aeaeaao iaiaoiaeeiia i?aaeaa?eoaeueiia
caia/aiea i oii, /oi iiaeiaiay oai?ey aeieaeia eneaoue naie iniiaaiey o
Eaioa: eaioianeia iiieiaiea oai?/aneiai aiia?aaeaiey iie?aaony ia eaeath
noaiaoece?iaaiey iia?aoeee neioaca. Ia ia?aii yoaia aiia?aaeaiea
iiieiaaony eae “aeaeaiea”, an? au? aiiiaaiiia naiie ?a/e, aeeythuaa ia
naeaea eiae/aneiai ?annoiyiey, ia naeeaeaiea. Oaeia i?iaeaeaiea –
iaeiia?aiaiii e iuoeaiea, iineieueeo aeeyao ia ia?ano?oeoo?e?iaaiea
naiaioe/aneeo iieae. I?eia? i?iii?oeeiiaeueiie (ii A?enoioaeth)
iaoaoi?u: i?ic?aiea ninoieo a iaiiaaiiii iiieiaiee eiiaeiaoi?iuo
aiciiaeiinoae, i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo i?iii?oeeiiaeueiinoueth. Yoi ?ee??
iacuaaao i?aaeeeaoeaiie anneieeyoeeae (anao aiciiaeiinoae), yoi, –
iaeiia?aiaiii, onoaiiaeaiea i?iii?oeeiiaeueiinoe, iaaeaeo oa?iaie ii
oaeoo eo naeeaeaiey a iaeiii iaoaoi?e/aneii auneacuaaiee. Oi anoue, nai
oaeo oiai, /oi eoi-oi oaea iauaaeeiee aeaa iiiyoey a iaeiii auneacuaaiee
aini?eieiaaony iiieiathuei eae aeaiiinoue – eoi-oi iai i?aaeinoaaee
eiaiii yoio niaeo? aiciiaeiinoae, a i?eiyoea yoiai niaeo?a, ?aaioa n iei
oaea caaeneo io ii?iaeaeaaiiai niunea. A aieaa iauai niunea:
“I?aaeeeaoeaiay anneieeyoeey… aeeth/aao a naay iniaue oei iai?yaeaiey,
ia noieueei iaaeaeo noauaeoii e i?aaeeeaoii, neieueei iaaeaeo
naiaioe/aneei niaeaniaaieai e ianiaeaniaaiiinoueth” (5, no?.422).

Aoi?ia – yoi aaaaeaiea a naiaioeeo iaoaoi?u ecia?aceoaeueiiai aniaeoa
aiia?aaeaiey. Anee neaaeiaaoue Aeyeo, o?aei e oieon iaicia/atho
eiioaenooaeueiia ie?oaeaiea: i?aaeeiaeaiea a oeaeii e oa?i, eioi?ue
yaeyaony iineoaeai naeaeaa cia/aiey. E, anee ia?aay ooieoeey
aiia?aaeaiey ninoiyea a oii, /oiau aeaoue io/?o i acaeiiaeaenoaee o?aeia
e oieona, oi aoi?ay – aeaoue io/?o i niiniaa ia oieueei noaiaoecaoeee,
ii e ecia?aaeaiey naiaioe/aneie eiiiaaoeee, oi anoue aaanoe ian a iaeee
aiia?aaeaaiue ie?. Yoi, ioithaeue, ia aica?ao e oai?ee ia?aca eae
ineaaeaiiiai naini?iiai aia/aoeaiey, iniiaiiieiaeieeii eioi?ie aue THi;
oianoiaa aniiiieoue Eaioa, ii aiai?ee, /oi iaeia ec ooieoeee noaiu
caeeth/aaony a iaania/aiee iiiyoey ia?acaie. E?iia oiai, ii ?ee??o,
nouanoaoao i?ioeann, iin?aaenoaii eioi?iai i?iecaiaenoai ia?acia
iai?aaeyao noaiaoecaoeeth i?aaeeeaoeaiie anneieeyoeee.

O?aoee yoai ?aeiino?oeoeee eanaaony oiai, /oi ?ee?? iacuaaao
i?einoaiiaeie, iiiaioii io?eoeaoaeueiinoe, eioi?ue i?eaian?i ia?acii a
iaoaoi?e/aneee i?ioeann. *oi aea iiaiai ia?ac aiineo a iaoaoi?o, i
eioi?ie iiaeii neacaoue, /oi aii?in “i /?i iia aiai?eo” anoue ia/oi
aieueoaa, /ai aii?in, “/oi iia niiauaao”, iineaaeiaa niioiioaiea iaaeaeo
iiyoe/aneie, caieiooie ia naay, e ?aoa?aioeeaeueiie ooieoeeyie ycuea
oi?ioi noi?ioee?iaae sseianii: “I?eiao iiyoe/aneie ooieoeee iaae
?aoa?aioeeaeueiie ia oie/oiaeaao ?aoa?aioeeth, ii aeaeaao a?
iaiaeiicia/iie”. ?ee?? iiaeaea?aeeaaao yoo eaeath, aeaeaaynue aeaeueoa:
naiioie/oiaeaiea aoeaaeueiiai niunea yaeyaony oneiaeai aicieeiiaaiey
iaoaoi?e/aneiai niunea, oneiaeai n iooaieii io?eoeaoaeueiinoe. “Ioiaia
?aoa?aioeee, i?enouae iauaeaiiiio ycueo, anoue io?eoeaoaeueiia oneiaea
aicieeiiaaiey aieaa ?aaeeeaeueiiai niiniaa niio?aoue ia aaue, iacaaeneii
io oiai, ?iaenoaaiia ee iia auyaeaieth oiai ieanoa ?aaeueiinoe, eioi?ue
oaiiiaiieiaey iacuaaao i?aaeiauaeoiui e eioi?ue, ii Oaeaeaaaa?o,
ia?acoao iauaa iniiaaiea anao niiniaia iaoaai nouanoaiaaiey a ie?a” (5,
no?.427). Oae ?ee?? iaiaeaao, /oi, aiciiaeii, eiaiii ?iaenoaaiia.

Aeaaiue oacen ?ee??a, eanathueeny ?anuaie?iiie ?aoa?aioeee ninoieo a
oii, /oi aiia?aaeaiea ia naiaeeony ie e i?inoie noaiaoecaoeee
i?aaeeeaoeaiie anneieeyoeee oa?iia n iiiiuueth neioaoe/aneiai
i?iaeaeaiey noiaenoa, ie e i?inoiio ecia?aaeaieth niunea ioo?i
i?iyaeaiey ia?acia, aicieeathueo e eiio?iee?oaiuo eiaieoeaiui
i?ioeannii; nei?aa iii o/anoaoao iaiin?aaenoaaiii a i?einoaiiaea
iauaeaiiie ?aoa?aioeee e a ieaie?iaaiee iiauo aiciiaeiinoae
ia?aiienuaaiey ie?a. Eiaiii a auiunea “ionoonoaea” niaaeeiyaony e
neeaaaony n iiceoeaiui i?ic?aieai iioaioeeaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae iaoaai
auoey a ie?a. Niiniaiinoue aeaeaoue ii eiiio eae?o ?oea ia ?oeo n
aiciiaeiinoueth aeeoue ii eiiio. Oae, iiaeeeiiua iuouaiey iiaoo e ia
i?ienoaeaoue ec yiioeee, i?aaeii?aaeae?iiuo yaiethoeeae (ee/iie,
iai?eia?), i?eia? oiio, iuouaiey, eioi?ua i?aaeeueiaa auei au iacaaoue
iiyoe/aneeie iuouaieyie. Naiiaooaeoaoeey, a naith i/a?aaeue, ieacuaaaony
/anoueth oiai, /oi iu iacuaaai iiyoe/aneei /oanoaii. Aai ooieoeey
caeeth/aaony a ono?aiaiee ?annoiyiey iaaeaeo ciathuei e aai ciaieai aac
eciaiaiey eiaieoeaiie no?oeoo?u iunee e iiae?acoiaaaaiiai
eioaioeeiiaeueiiai ?annoiyiey. Caeanue, iuouaiea ia i?ioeai?a/eo iunee,
iii – iuneue, naeaeaiiay iaoae.

“Iuouaiey – y eiath a aeaeo iiyoe/aneea iuouaiey – aeeth/atho a naay
naiaai ?iaea i?einoaiiaeo iaoeo oaeaniuo yiioeee. Ioiineoaeueii
aoeaaeueiuo yiioeee eaaeaeiaeiaaiie aeecie iuouaiey i?aaenoatho eae
io?eoeaoaeueiua ioiai?iiua ia?aaeeaaiey. Eiaaea iu /eoaai, oi ia
eniuouaaai aoeaaeueii enioaa eee aiaaa. Oi/ii oae aea, eae iiyoe/aneee
ycue io?eoeaao ?aoa?aioeeth ia?aiai ii?yaeea iienaoaeueiie ?a/e,
iai?aaeaiioth ia eioa?anothuea ian iauaeaiiua iauaeou, iuouaiey
io?eoeatho iuouaiey ia?aiai ii?yaeea, eioi?ua naycuaatho ian n yoeie
?aoa?aioaie ia?aiai ii?yaeea” (5, no?432). Ii yoi io?eoeaiea oaeaea
yaeyaony eeoue ia?aoiie noi?iiie iia?aoeee iuouaiey, eiathuae aieaa
aeoaieea ei?ie, eioi?ay caeeth/aaony a oii, /oiau auaanoe ian ca
i?aaeaeu ie?a iaiauaeoeae?othuei niiniaii. Oi, /oi iuouaiey
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie ia i?inoi io?eoeaiea yiioeee, ii eo iaoaii?oico,
auei a yaiii aeaea auneacaii au? A?enoioaeai a aai aiaeeca eaoa?nena.

A eiioea aaoi? iaiauaao ?aaioo neaaeothueie neiaaie: “i?aaeiieaaaaony,
/oi eiaao ianoi no?oeoo?iay aiaeiaey iaaeaeo eiaieoeaiui, eiaaeiaoeaiui
e yiioeeiiaeueiui eiiiiiaioaie iieiiai iaoaoi?e/aneiai aeoa e /oi
iaoaoi?e/aneee i?ioeann ia?aoaao naith eiie?aoiinoue e iieiioo, /a?iay
eo a oaeie no?oeoo?iie aiaeiaee e a oaeii aeiiieieoaeueiii
ooieoeeiie?iaaiee” (5, no?.433). Yoi naii ii naaa – au? iaeia neeueiay
eaeay, ii eioi?ay auiineony ia ianoaeaeaiea oaea ca ?aieaie yoie ?aaiou.

Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u, ?aaio I.?ee??a:

1. Nouanoaiaaiea e Aa?iaiaaoeea. Oeeoe?oaony ii eieaa I.?ee?? “Eiioeeeo
eioa?i?aoaoeee. I/a?ee i aa?iaiaaoeea”, ecae.”Iaaeeoi”, I.1995.

2. Aa?iaiaaoeea e No?oeoo?aeeci. Oeeoe?oaony ii eieaa I.?ee?? “Eiioeeeo
eioa?i?aoaoeee. I/a?ee i aa?iaiaaoeea”, ecae.”Iaaeeoi”, I.1995.

3. Oeeinioey e i?iaeaiu aeaiie?aoee. Aanaaea n Iieai ?ee??ii.
Oeeoe?oaony ii eieaa I.?ee?? “Aa?iaiaaoeea, Yoeea, Iieeoeea”, ecae. AI
“EAII” Ecaeaoaeueneee oeaio? “ACADEMIA”, Einoeooo oeeinioee ?AI, I.1995.

4. AEeaay iaoaoi?a. Oeeoe?oaony ii eieaa Oai?ey iaoaoi?u. Iau. ?aae.
I.Ae.A?oothiiaie e I.A.AEo?eineie. ecae. I?ia?ann, I.1990.

(I?eaeiae: Paul Ricoeur. La metaphore vive. Paris, Edition du Seuil,
1975: Ch. VI “Le travail de la ressemblance”, p.242-272).

5. Iaoaoi?e/aneee i?ioeann eae iiciaiea, aiia?aaeaiea e iuouaiea.
Oeeoe?oaony ii eieaa Oai?ey iaoaoi?u. Iau. ?aae. I.Ae.A?oothiiaie e
I.A.AEo?eineie. ecae. I?ia?ann, I.1990.

(I?eaeiae noaouee: Paul Ricoeur. The Metaphorical Process as Cognition,
Imagination and Feeling. – “Critical Inquiry”, 1978, vol.5, ? 1, p.
143-159.)

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019