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I?AAeIAO EIAEEE. EIAE*ANEAss OI?IA.

Eiaeea (logos – a?a/.) – iuneue, neiai, ?acoi. I?aaeiao eco/aiey eiaeee
– iuneue e iuoeaiea. Iuoeaiea eco/aaony ia oieueei eiaeeie. Eiaeea
enneaaeoao iuoeaiea eae n?aaenoai iiciaiey iauaeoeaiiai ie?a, oa aai
oi?iu e caeiiu, a eioi?uo i?ienoiaeeo io?aaeaiea ie?a a i?ioeanna
iuoeaiey. Eiaeea yaeyaony oeeinioneie iaoeie. Eiae/aneay oi?ia – yoi
no?iaiea eiie?aoiie iunee, niinia nayce aa ninoaaiuo /anoae. E.o. iunee
iiaeii au?aceoue i?e iiiiue neiaieia. S – noaueaeo (iiiyoea i i?aaeiaoa
noaeaeaiey),

P – i?aaeeeao (iiiyoea i i?eciaea i?aaeiaoa). Ana S anoue P – ana
ea?ane – ?uau, ana ethaee – nia?oiu.

Anee S anoue P , oi S anoue P1 – anee aeaeaci iaa?aoue, oi iii
?anoe?ythony.

NIE?AUAIIUE E NEIAEIINIE?AUAIIUE NEEEIAECI (YIOEIAIA, NI?EO).

Yioeiaiie iac-ny neeeiaeci, a eioi?ii i?iiouaia iaeia ec iinueie eee
caeeth/aiea. I?iiouaia iaiueoay iinueea – “Ana iaoaeeu oaieii?iaiaeiu
(aeethieiee iaoaee) aeethieiee oaieii?iaiaeai”.

I?iiouaia aieueoay iinueea – “(Ana eeou ieaeiieoathuea) ana eaoaeiou –
eeou, ana eaoaeiou – ieaeiieoathuea”. I?iiouaii caeeth/aiea – “Ana
?uau aeuoao aeaa?aie, ieoiue – ?uaa (ieoiue aeuoeo aeaa?aie)”.

Ni?eo – yoi i?ia?anneaiue e ?aa?anneaiue iieeneeeiaeci a nie?auaiiie
oi?ia. I?ia?anneaiue ni?eo –

eiaaea ec i?ia?. Iieen. Aua?anuaatho caeeth/aiey i?aaeoanoaothueo
neeeiaeciia e aieueoea iinueee iineaaeothueo. Noaia – A-B, C-A, D-C,
E-d,,, E-B. “Ana, /oi oe?aieyao caei?iauea(A) – iieacii (B), nii?o

(C ) oe?aieyao caei?iauea (A), eaaeay aoeaoeea (D) – nii?o (C ), aaa (E)
– aeae eaaeie aoeaoeee (D) , Aaa (A) – iieacai (A). ?aa?anneaiue ni?eo
– yoi eiaaea ec ?aa?ann. Iieen. Aua?anuaatho caeeth/aiea
i?aaeoanoaothueo neeeiaeciia e iaiueoea iinueee iineaaeothueo. Noaia –
A-A, A-N, N-D, ,, A-D. “Ana ?anoaiey – i?aaieciu, Ana i?aaieciu – oaea,
Ana oaea eiatho aan,,, anyeia ?anoaiea eiaao aan”.

Yieoae?aia – yoi oaeie neeeiaeci, iaa iinueee eioi?iai yoi nie?auaiiua
IEN (yioeiaiu).

Noaia – A-N, o.e. A-A. D-A, o.e. D-E,,, D-C. “Aeaai?iaeiue o?oae
caneoaeeaaao oaaaeaiey, o.e. aeaai?iaeiue o?oae niinianoaoao i?ia?anno
iauanoaa. O?oae o/eoaey anoue aeaai?iaeiue o?oae, o.e. o?oae o/eoaey
caeeth/aaony a ainieoaiee iieieaiey. O?oae o/eoaey caneoaeeaaao
oaaaeaiey”.

IIIssOEss II IAUAIO E NIAeA?AEAIETH. CAEII IA?AOIIAI IOIIOAIEss

Niaea?aeaiea iiiyoe – niaieoiiinoue nouanoaaiiuo i?eciaeia
iaeiiyeaiaioiiai eeanna eee eeanna iaeiioeiiuo i?aaeiaoia, io?aaeaiiuo a
yoii iiiyoee (niaea?aeaieai iiiyoey “?iia” yaeyaony niaieoiiinoue 2-o
i?eciaeia – “auoue ia?aeaeeia?aiii” e “eiaoue ?aaiua noi?iiu). Iauai
iiiyoey – yoi eeann iaiauaaiuo a yoii iiiyoee i?aaeiioia. Iiae iauaiii
iiiyoey “aeeaioiua” iiae?acoiaaathony ana aeeaioiua, eioi?ua
nouanoaiaaee, nouanoaotho e aoaeoo nouanoaiaaoue. Eeann ninoieo ec
iiiaeanoaa yeaiaioia.

Caeii ia?aoiiai ioiioaiea – iauai iaeiiai iiiyoey (iioi?iay eiaeea)
iiaeao aoiaeeoue a iauai ae?oaiai iiiyoey (eiaeea), aieaa oe?ieiai ii
niaea?aeaieth. *ai oe?a iauai iiiyoey, oai oaea aai niaea?aeaiea, /ai
oe?a niaea?aeaiea, oai oaea iauai. *ENOI ONEIAIUE NEEEIAECI. AENEIIA.

*enoi oneiaiui neeiaeciii iac-ny oaeia iiin?aaeiaaiiia OIC, a eioi?ii
iaa iinueee yaeythony oneiaiuie noaeaeaieyie. Oneiaiia noaeaeaiea eiaao
no?oeoo?o – “anee A, oi A”. Noaia – A-A, A-N,,,A-N.

“Anee ii i?iaiaeieeo ionoeoue oie, oi aicieeiao iaaieoiia iiea: anee
aicieeiao iaaieoiia iiea, oi iieeee ?aniieiaeaony a yoii iiea aaeieue
neeiauo eeiee: anee ii i?iaiaeieeo ionoeoue oie, oi iieeee… “. A
/enoi oneiaiii neeiaecia anoue iiaeonu (?aciiaeaeiinoe). Noaia – A-A,
iaA-A,,, A. “Anee aoaeao oi?ioay iiaiaea – oaa?ai o?iaeae., anee ia
aoaeao oi?ioae iiaiaeu – oaa?ai e?iaeae,,, oaa?ai e?iaeae. “.

Aeneiia – yoi noaeaeaiea, i?eieiathuaany a ea/anoaa a?aoiaioa e aac
aeieacaoaeuenoaa.

IAUAss O-EA IIIssOEss. IIIssOEA E NEIAI.

Iiiyoea – oi?ia iuoeaiey, a eioi?ie io?aaeathony nouanoaaiiua i?eciaee
eeanna iaeii?iaeiuo i?aaeiaoia. Iiiyoea yaeyaony iaeiie ec oi?i
aano?aeoiiai iuoeaiey. I?eciaee i?aaeiaoa (nouanoaaiiua e
ianouanoaaiiua) – yoi oi, a /ai i?aaeiaou noiaeiu e ?acee/iu ae?oa io
ae?oaa. A iiiyoea io?aaeathony oieueei nouanoaaiiua i?eciaee (eaaeaeue
ec eioi?uo iaiaoiaeei, a ana aianoa – aeinoaoi/iu aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeaiiiai iiiyoey). sscueiauie oi?iaie au?aaeaiey iiiyoey yaeythony
neiaa e neiaini/aoaiey. Nouanoaotho neiaa-iiiieiu e neiaa-neiiieiu.
Eiae/aneea i?eaiu oi?ie?iaaiey iiiyoey – aiaeec (?an/eaiaiea i?aaeiaoia
ia ninoaaiua /anoe), Neioac (niaaeeiaiea a oeaeia /anoae), N?aaiaiea
(onoaiiaeaiea noiaenoaa eee ?acee/ey ii i?eciaeai), Aano?aae?iaaiea
(auaeaeaiea iaeieo i?eciaeia e ioaea/aiea io ae?oaeo), Iaiauaiea
(iauaaeeiaiea iae-?uo i?aaeiaoia a iaeioi?ii iiiyoee).

EIAeOEOeEss : IIEIAss E IAIIEIAss

Eiaeoeoeey – yoi eiaaea io ioaeaeueiuo neo/aaa iu ia?aoiaeei e iauaio
noaeaeaieth. Eiaeoeoeey – yoi OIC, aeathuaa aa?iyoiia noaeaeaiea.
Iieiay eiaeoeoeey – yoi oaeia OIC, eiaaea iauaa caeeth/aiea i anao
yeaiaioao aeaiiiai eeanna aeaeaaony ia iniiaaiee ?anniio?aiey eaaeaeiai
yeaiaioa yoiai eeanna. Iieiay eiaeoeoeey aeaao aeinoiaa?iia
caeeth/aiea, iiyoiio iia i?eiaiyaony a iaoaiaoe/aneeo e eiuo no?iaeo
aeieacaoaeuenoaao.

Iaiieiay eiaeoeoeey – yoi eiaaea iu ?anniao?eaaai ia ana neo/ae
eco/aaiiai yaeaiey, a caeeth/aiea aeaeaai aeey anao. 1 aeae –
Eiaeoeoeey /a?ac i?inoia ia?a/eneaiea – ia iniiaaiee iiaoi?yaiinoe
iaeiiai e oiai aea i?eciaea o ?yaea iaeii?iaeiuo i?aaeiaoia e ionoonoaey
i?ioeai?a/auaai neo/ay aeaeaaony iauaa caeeth/aiea, /oi ana i?aaeiaou
yoiai ?iaea iaeaaeatho yoei i?eciaeii (N/eoaee, /oi ana eaaaaee aaeua,
iiea ia ano?aoeee /a?iiai eaaaaey). 2 aeae – Eiaeoeoeey /a?ac aiaeec e
ioai? oaeoia – no?aieaiea eneeth/eoue neo/aeiinoue iaiauaiee, o.e.
eco/athony ieaiiia?ii ioia?aiiua e iaeaieaa oeie/iua i?aaeiaou
?aciiia?aciua ii a?aiaie, niiniao iieo/aiey e o.ae. (aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
ea/-aa ?uaiuo eiina?aia aa?oo aaiee ec ?aciuo ia?oee e ?aciuo
oieiaeeeueieeia). 3 aeae – iao/iay eiaeoeoeey – yoi OIC, a eioi?ii ia
iniiaaiee iiciaiey iaiaoiaeeiuo i?eciaeia aeaeaaony iauaa caeeth/aiea
iai anao i?aaeiaoao aeaiiiai eeanna. Aeaao aeinoiaa?iue auaiae.
Iie?aaony ia ananoi?iiianoue aiaeeca oaeoia.

AEAeU IIIssOEE II IAUAIO E NIAeA?AEAIETH

Ii iauaio iiiyoey auaatho aaeeie/iua (iaeiiyeaiaioiue eeann “aaeeeee
?onneee ienaoaeue A.I.Ino?ianeee”) , iauea (/enei yeaiaioia aieueoa 1
“aaoiiiaeeue, ainoaea?noai”), oieaa?naeueiua (iauai eioi?uo ?aaai
oieaa?naeueiiio eeanno “iaoo?aeueiua /enea”), ionoua eee n 0-aui iauaiii
(iauai yoeo iiiyoee – ionoia iiiaeanoai “Aia, aeaae Ii?ic e o.i.”).

Ii niaea?aeaieth iiiyoey auaatho eiie?aoiua (a yoeo iiiyoeyo
iiae?acoiaaaaony eaeie-eeai i?aaeiao oeaeeeii “aeii, naeaeaoaeue”),
aano?aeoiua (a ieo iuneeony ia oeaeue i?aaeiao, a eaeie-eeai ec aai
i?eciaeia, acyoue ioaeaeueii io i?aaeiaoa “aaeecia, /anoiinoue”),
ioiineoaeueiuie (nouanoaiaaiea iaeiiai i?aaeiaoa iaaiciiaeii aac
nouanoaiaaiey ae?oaiai “o/aiee-o/eoaeue, aeaoe-?iaeeoaee”),
aacioiineoaeueiua (i?aaeiaou, nouanoaothuea naiinoiyoaeueii “aeii,
/aeiaae”), iieiaeeoaeueiua (oa?aeoa?ecotho iaee/ea a i?aaeiaoa
eaeiai-eeai ea/anoaa eee ioiioaiey “a?aiioiue /aeiaae, ionoathuee
o/aiee”), io?eoeaoaeueiua (icia/atho oi, /oi oeacaiiia ea/anoai
ionoonoaoao a i?aaeiaoa “iae?aneaue iinooaie, iaii?iaeueiue /aeiaae”),
niae?aoaeueiua (eiaaea a?oiia iaeii?iaeiuo i?aaeiaoia iuneeony eae
aaeeiia oeaeia “iiee, noay”), ianiae?aoaeueiua (iiaeii ioianoe e
eaaeaeiio i?aaeiaoo aeaiiiai eeanna “aeii, ?aea”). AeAEAIEA IIIssOEss.
AEAeU AeAEAIEE

Eaeaiea iiiyoey yoi eiaaea iauai aeaeeiiai iiiyoey ?ani?aaeaeyaony ia
?yae iiaeiiiaeanoa n iiiiuueth iniiaaiey aeaeaiey. Iniiaaiea aeaeaiey –
yoi i?eciae, ii eioi?iio iiiyoea aeaeyo. *eaiu aeaeaiey – oa
iiaeiiiaeanoaa, ia eioi?ua iiiyoea ?acaeaaaony.

Aeaeeoue iiaeii ii aeaeiia?acothuaio i?eciaeo – iniiaaieai aeaeaiey
yaeeyaony oio i?eciae , ii eioi?iio ia?acothony aeaeiaua iiiyoey
“ssae?aiua ac?uau auaatho aicaeooiuie, iacaiiuie, iiaecaiiuie e
iiaeaiaeiuie (a caaeneiinoe io n?aaeu, aaea i?iecioae ac?ua)”. I?e
aeeoioiie/aneii aeaeaiee iauai aeaeeiiai iiiyoey aeaeeony ia 2
i?ioeai?a/aueo iiiyoey “aauanoaa aeaeyony ia i?aaie/aneea e
iai?aaie/aneea”.

AIAEIAEss NO?OEOO?A E AEAeU.

Aiaeiaey – OIC i i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe i?aaeiaoo ii?aaeaeaiiiai i?eciaea ia
iniiaa noiaenoaa a i?eciaeao n ae?oaeie i?aaeiaoaie. I?ienoiaeeo
ia?aiin eioi?iaoeee n iaeiiai i?aaeiaoa (iiaeaee) ia ae?oaie (i?ioioei).

Aiaeiaey naienoa – ?anniao?eaaao 2 aaeeie/iuo i?aaeiaoa e ia?aiineiuie
i?eciaeaie yaeythony naienoaa yoeo i?aaeiaoia. Noaia “i?aaeiao A
iaeaaeaao naienoaaie a,a,a,a,ae,a , i?aaeiao A iaeaaeaao naienoaaie
a,a,a,a , aa?iyoii, /oi i?aaeiao A iaeaaeaao na-aaie ae,a “. I?e
aiaeiaee ioiioaiee eioi?iaoeey, ia?aiineiay n iiaeaee ia i?ioioei
oa?aeoa?ecoao ioiioaiey iaaeaeo 2-iy i?aaeiaoaie (a yoi y ia a?oaeeny).

Ii noaiaie aeinoiaa?iinoe caeeth/aiey aiaeiaey auaaao no?iaay – iaee/ea
iaiaoiaeeiie nayce iaueo i?eciaeia n ia?aiineiui i?eciaeii Noaia –
“I?aaeiao A iaeaaeaao i?eciaeaie a,a,a,a,ae. I?aaeiao A iaeaaeaao
i?eciaeaie a,a,a,a. Ec niaieoiiinoe i?eciaeia a,a,a,a, iaiaoiaeeii
neaaeoao ae. I?aaeiao A iaycaoaeueii iaeaaeaao i?eciaeii ae.”. Yoio
aeae aiaeiaee i?eiaiyaony a iaoea e iaoaiaoeea.

Iano?iaay aiaeiaey – aeaao aa?iyoiia caeeth/aiea. Anee eiaeue yoi 0, a
enoeia yoi 1, oi noaiaiue aa?iyoiinoe caeeth/aiey eaaeeo a eioa?aaea io
1 aei 0. I?eia? – eniuoaa iiaeaeue iinoa ia i?i/iinoue ?aoeee, /oi nai
iino aoaeao oaeie aea i?i/iue. Eiaeiay aiaeiaey – i?e ia?ooaiee i?aaee
aiaeiaee (/enei iaueo i?eciaeia aeieaeii auoue aieueoei, noiaeiua
i?eciaee aeieaeiu auoue nouanoaaiiua, iauea i?eciaee aeieaeiu auoue
?acii?iaeiuie, i?aaeiaou ia aeieaeiu ?acee/aoueny ii nouanoaaiiui
i?eciaeai, ia?aiineiue i?eciae aeieaeai auoue iaeiioeiai ni noiaeiui
i?eciaeii). 10 IIIssOEA I?E*EIU . IAOIAe NOIAeNOAA.

I?e/eia – yaeaiea eee niaieoiiinoue yaeaiee, eioi?ua iaiin?aaenoaaiii
iaoneaaeeaatho, ii?iaeaeatho ae?oaia yaeaiea (neaaenoaea). I?e/eiiay
naycue nouanoaoao aeey ethaiai yaeaiey. I?e iaee/ea i?e/eiu neaaenoaea
ianooiaao iaycaoaeueii. Oneiaey niinianoaotho eee iaoatho aeaenoaeth
i?e/eiu. I?e/eiiay naycue iaaeaeo yaeaieyie ii?aaeaeyaony iin?aaenoaii
?yaea iaoiaeia, eioi?ua ioe?ue O.Ayeii.

Iaoiae noiaenoaa – anee iaaethaeaaiua neo/ae eaeiai-eeai yaeaiey eiatho
iauei eeoue iaeii ianoayoaeuenoai, oi i/aaeaeii iii e anoue i?e/eia
aeaiiiai yaeaiey. aeiionoei, /oi ioaeii auynieoue i?e/eio eaeiai-oi
yaeaiey a. Enoiaey ec ii?aaeaeaiey i?e/eiu eae yaeaiey eee niaieoiiinoe
yaeaiee, eioi?ua i?aaeoanoaotho ae?oaiio yaeaieth e aucuaatho aai,
aoaeai aiaeece?iaaoue i?aaeoanoaothuea A yaeaiey.

_________________________________________________

Neo/ae iiyaeaiey i?aaeoanoaothuea iaaethaeaaiia
O.e. ai anao 3-o neo/ayo iauei

niauoey a ianoayoaeuenoaa yaeaiea
ianoayoaeuenoaii auei .A, oi aeaeaaony

————————————————————————
——– auaiae, /oi A yaeyaony i?e/eiie eee

1 A A A
A /anoueth i?e/eiu niauoey a.

2 A A Ae
A

3 A C AE
A

————————————————————————
——-

IAIAUAIEA I IA?AIE*AIEA IIIssOEss

Ia?aie/aiea – yoi eiae/aneay iia?aoeey ia?aoiaea io ?iaeiaiai iiiyoey e
aeaeiaiio iooai aeiaaaeaiey e niaea?aeaieth aeaiiiai ?iaeiaiai iiiyoey
aeaeiia?acothueo i?eciaeia. I?aaeaeii ia?aie/aiey yaeyaony aaeeie/iia
iiiyoea.

Iaiauaiea – yoi eiae/aneay iia?aoeey ia?aoiaea io aeaeiaiai iiiyoey e
?iaeiaiio iooai ioa?anuaaiey io niaea?aeaiey aeaiiiai aeaeiaiai iiiyoey
aai aeaeiia?acothuaai i?eciaea. I?aaeaeii iaiauaiey yaeythony eaoaai?ee
(i?aaeaeueii iauea, ooiaeaiaioaeueiua iiiyoey).

I?eia?: 1.Oeuiia ieaeiieoathuaa naiaenoaa niaa/ueeo 2.Oeuiia
ieaeiieooathuaa 3. Ieaeiieoathuaa

4. Iicaiii/iia aeeaioiia 5. AEeaioiia 6. I?aaieci . Ia?aie/aiea –
oi aea naiia, oieueei n eiioea.

AEIIOACA EIAE*ANEAss NO?OEOO?A, AEAeU

Aeiioaca – yoi iao/ii iainiiaaiiia i?aaeiieiaeaiea i i?e/eiao eee
acaeiinaycyo eaeeo-eeai yaeaiee eee niauoee. N oi/ee c?aiey eiae/aneie
no?oeoo?u aeiioaca ia naiaeeony e eaeie-oi iaeiie oi?ia iuoeaiey –
iiiyoeth, noaeaeaieth eee OIC, a aeeth/aao a naie ninoaa ana yoe oi?iu.

Iauay aeiioaca – yoi iao/ii iainiiaaiiia i?aaeiieiaeaiea i i?e/eiao,
caeiiao e acaeiinaycyo i?e?iaeiuo, iauanoaaiiuo yaeaiee, caeiiiia?iinoyo
ineoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea. Iauea aeiioacu auaeaeaathony n
oeaeueth iauyniaiey anaai eeanna iienuaaaiuo yaeaiee (aeiioaca
Aeaiie?eoa ia aoiienoe/aneii no?iaiee aauanoaa, noaaoay aiineaaenoaee
iao/iie oai?eae).

*anoiay aeiioaca – yoi iao/ii iainiiaaiiia i?aaeiieiaeaiea i i?e/eiao e
acaeiinaycyo /anoe iauaeoia, auaeaeaiiuo ec eeanna ?anniao?eaaaiuo
iauaeoia. Oeaeue yoeo aeiioac – auyniaiea i?e/ei aicieeiiaaiey
caeiiiia?iinoae o iae-?iai iiaeiiiaeanoaa yeaiaioia aeaiiiai iiiaeanoaa.

Aaeeie/iay aeiioaca – iao/ii iainiiaaiiia –\\–\\–\\ ia aaeeie/iuo
oaeoia, eiie?aoiuo yaeaiee eee niauoee. (A?a/ no?ieo aaeeie/iua aeiioacu
ai a?aiy ea/aiey aieueiiai).

?aai/ea aeiioacu – (aa?nee) – no?iyony a oiaea aeieacaoaeuenoaa yoeo
3-o aeaeia aeiioac. Ii oiaeo aeie-aa iaeie ?aai/ea aeiioacu ?ooaony, e
caiaiythony ae?oaeie.

CAEII I?IOEAI?A*Ess

Aeaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo noaeaeaiey ia iiaoo auoue enoeiiuie a iaeii e oi
aea a?aiy e a iaeiii e oii aea ioiioaiee. I?ioeai?a/eai n/eoaaony
ooaa?aeaeaiea 2-o i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo noaeaeaiee ia iaeiii e oii aea
i?aaeiaoa, acyoii a iaeii e oi aea a?aiy, e a iaeiii e oii aea
ioiioaiee. Oi?ioea caeiia A /\ A.

E i?ioeaiiieiaeiui noaeaeaieyi ioiinyony : 1. i?ioeaiua (eiio?a?iua),
eioi?ua iaa iiaoo auoue eiaeiuie, iiyoiio ia yaeythony io?eoeaieai ae?oa
ae?oaa.2. I?ioeai?a/auea (eiio?aaeeeoi?iua) iie yaeythony io?eoeathueie,
o.e. anee iaeii ec ieo enueoeiii, oi ae?oaia eiaeii. Anee a ?a/e
/aeiaaea iaia?oaeaii oi?iaeueii-eiae/aneia i?ioeai?a/ea, oi aai iuoeaiea
(e ?a/ue) n/eoathony iai?aaeeueiui, a noaeaeaiey – eiaeiui. Iiyoiio a
iieaieea oe?iei eniieuecoaony iaoiae “i?eaaaeaiea e aano?aeo”.

Yoe oeiu i?inouo noaeaeaiee ia iiaoo auoue iaeiia?aiaiii enoeiiuie:

1.”Aeaiiia S anoue ? “ e “Aeaiiia S ia anoue ?” 2. “Ie iaeii S ia
anoue ?” e “Ana S anoue ?”.

“Ana S anoue ?” e “Iaeioi?ua S ia anoue ?”. 4. “Ie iaeii S ia anoue
?” e “Iaeioi?ua S anoue ?”.

A ?2 iaa noaeaeaiey iiaoo auoue iaeiia?aiaiii eiaeiuie.

15 II?AAeAEAIEA IIIssOEss. AEAeU E NIINIAU.

Ii?aaeaeaiea (aeaoeieoeey) anoueo eiae/aneay iia?aoeey, eioi?ay
?ane?uaaao niaea?aeaiea iiiyoey eeai onoaiaaeeaaao cia/aiea oa?ieia.
No?oeoo?a – dfd (ii?aaeaeyaiia iiiyoea) e dfn (ii?aaeaeythuaa iiiyoea).

?aaeueiia ii?aaeaeaiea – eiaaea ii?aaeaeyaony iiiyoea. Iiieiaeueiia –
ii?aaeaeyaony oa?iei, iaicia/athuee iiiyoea, n iiiiuueth iiieiaeueiuo
ii?aaeaeaiee aaiaeyony iiaua oa?ieiu, aaiaeyony ciaee, iaicia/athuea
oa?ieiu. ssaiua ii?aaeaeaiey – yoi eiaaea aeaiu aeoae e aeoi e
iaaeaeo ieie onoaiaaeeaaaony ioiioaiea ?aaainoaa “aa?iiao? – yoi i?eai?
aeey eciaiaiey aoiinoa?iiai aeaaeaiey”. ?iaeiaie i?eciae oeacuaaao ia
oio e?oa i?aaeiaoia, ec /enea eioi?uo iaaei auaeaeeoue ii?aaeaeyaiue
i?aaeiao “i?eai?”. Aaiaoe/aneia ii?aaeaeaiea – ii?aaeaeaiea i?aaeiaoa
iooai oeacaiey ia niinia , eioi?ui ia?acoaony oieueei aeaiiue i?aaeiao e
ieeaeie ae?oaie “eeneiou – yoi aauanoaa, ia?acothueany ec eeneioiuo
inoaoeia e aoiiia aiaei?iaea”. Iayaiua ii?aaeaeaiey – ia ianoi dfn
iiaenoaaeyaony eiioaeno eee iaai? aeneii.

Eioaenooaeueiia ii?aaeaeaiea iicaieyao iiiyoue iaciaeiiiai neiai /a?ac
eiioaeno (o?aaiaiea).

Eiaeoeoeaiua ii?aaeaeaiey – ii?aaeaeyaiue oa?iei eniieuecoaony a
au?aaeaiee iiiyoey, eioi?ia aio i?eienuaaaony a ea/-aa aai niunea
“iaoo?aeueiia /enei”. CAEII OIAEAeANOAA

A i?ioeanna ii?aaeaeaiiiai ?annoaeaeaiey anyeia iiiyoea e noaeaeaiea
aeieaeiu auoue oiaeaeanoaaiiu naiei naaa. Ia?ooaiea caeiia oiaeaeanoaa a
iuoeaiee e ?annoaeaeaiee i?eaiaeeo e 2-niuneaiiinoe. Yoe eiae/aneea
ioeaee /anoi niaa?oathony /a?ac oiio?aaeaiea iiiieiia. Ioeaea –
iiaeiaia oacena , eiaaea a oiaea ?annoaeaeaiey auaeaeiooue oacen
oiuoeaiii eee iaoiuoeaiii iiaeiaiyaony ae?oaei. Ioeaea – iiaeiaia
iiiyoey, eiaaea ai a?aiy aeeneonnee a ?ac-oa ioiaeaeanoaeaiey ?aciuo
iiiyoee nii? ii nouanoao caiaiyaony nii?ii i neiaao.

Ioiaeaeanoaeaiea (eaeaioeoeeaoeey) oe?iei eniieuecoaony a neaaenoaaiiie
i?aeoeea i?e iiiciaiee ethaeae, nee/aiee ii/a?eia, ioia/aoeia iaeueoeaa.

16 IIIssOEA I?E*EIU. IAOIAe INOAOEIA.

I?e/eia – yaeaiea eee niaieoiiinoue yaeaiee, eioi?ua iaiin?aaenoaaiii
iaoneaaeeaatho, ii?iaeaeatho ae?oaia yaeaiea (neaaenoaea). I?e/eiiay
naycue nouanoaoao aeey ethaiai yaeaiey. I?e iaee/ea i?e/eiu neaaenoaea
ianooiaao iaycaoaeueii. Oneiaey niinianoaotho eee iaoatho aeaenoaeth
i?e/eiu. I?e/eiiay naycue iaaeaeo yaeaieyie ii?aaeaeyaony iin?aaenoaii
?yaea iaoiaeia, eioi?ua ioe?ue O.Ayeii.

Iaoiae inoaoeia – anee ecaanoii, /oi i?e/eiie enneaaeoaiiai yaeaiey ia
neoaeao iaiaoiaeeiua aeey iaai ianoayoaeuenoaa, e?iia iaeiiai, oi yoi
iaeii iano. E anoue, aa?iyoii, i?e/eia aeaiiiai yaeaiey.

I?eina?: Iaaethaeay ca aaee/eiaie ioeeiiaiey ieaiaou O?ai io
au/eneaiiie aeey iaa i?aeou , o/aiua ?aoeee, /oi ioeeiiaiey ia aaee/eiu
a, a, n, Aucaaiiua iaee/eai aeeyiey ieaiao A, A, N, ia en/a?iuaatho
?aaeueiiai ioeeiiaiey io ?an/aoiie i?aeou. Inoaaaeanue aua aaee/eia d .
Ia iniiaaiee yoiai aue naeaeai auaiae, /oi aeieaeia nouanoaiaaoue
iaecaanoiay ieaiaoa D, eioi?ay e aucuaaao yoi ioeeiiaiea. Oae auea
ioe?uoa ieaiaoa Iaiooi.

17 I?AAEEA AeAOEIEOeEE

1. Ni?acia?iinoue (aeoae = aeoi). Ioeaee: a) oe?ieia ii?aaeaeaiea
“Eioaaeue – ieaeiieoathuaa e iicaiii/iia aeeaioiia”. A)Oceia
ii?aaeaeaiea “Niaanoue – yoi iniciaiea /aeiaaeii ioaaonoaaiiinoe ia?aae
naiei niaie ca niaa?oaiiua iinooiee”. A) E oe?ieia e oceia
iaeiia?aiaiii “Ai/ea – yoi ninoae aeey o?aiaiey aeeaeeinoae”. 2.
Ii?aaeaeaiea ia aeieaeii niaea?aeaoue e?oaa – yoi eiaaea aeoae
ii?aaeaeyaony /a?ac aeoi, a aeoi aue ii?aaeaeai /a?ac aeoae. Oaaoaeiaey
– oiaea ioeaea “Oaeaoiinoue caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi /aeiaae oaeaoii
ioiineony e naiei iaycaiiinoyi”. 3. *aoeinoue e yniinoue –
ii?aaeaeaiey ia aeieaeiu auoue 2-niuneaiiuie, ia aeiioneathony iaoaoi?u
e n?aaiaiey . Ioeaea – “A?oeoaeoo?a – yoi canouaoay iocuea, Eaa –
oea?ue caa?ae”.

18 CAEII ENEETH*AIIIAI O?AOUeAAI.

Ec 2-o i?ioeai?a/aueo noaeaeaiee iaeii enoeiii, a ae?oaia – eiaeii,
o?aoueaai ia aeaii. Eiio?aaeeeoi?iuie (i?ioeai?a/aueie) iac-ny oaeea 2
noaeaeaiey, a iaeiii ec eioi?uo /oi-eeai ooaa?aeaeaaony i i?aaeiaoa, a a
ae?oaii – io?eoeaaony. Iie ia iiaoo auoue iaeiia?aiaiii enoeiiuie eee
eiaeiuie, anaaaea iaeii ec ieo enoeiii, a ae?oaia – eiaeii.

19 II?IAA?AEAIEA INIIAIUA AEAeU

Ii?iaa?aeaiae – yoi eiae/aneay iia?aoeey onoaiiaeaiey eiaeiinoe eee
iaiainiiaaiiinoe ?aiaa auaeaeiooiai oacena. Ii?iaa?aeaiae aeieaeii
iieacuaaoue, /oi: 1. Iai?aaeeueii iino?iaii naii aeieacaoaeuenoai.
2.Auaeaeiooue oacen eiaeai eee iaaeieacai. Oacen ii?iaa?aeaiey –
noaeaeaiea, eioi?ia iaaei ii?iaa?aiooue.

A?aoiaiou ii?iaa?aeaiey – noaeaeaiey, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo ii?iaa?aaaony
oacen. 3 aeaea ii?iaa?aeaiey:

Ii?iaa?aeaiea oacena – inouanoaeyaony n iiiiuueth 3-o niiniaia (1-e –
i?yiie, inoaeueiua – einaaiiua). Ii?iaa?aeaiea oaeoaie – naiue aa?iue
niinia ii?iaa?aeaiey. Iaaei i?eaiaeeoueo oaeou, i?ioeai?a/auea oaceno
“Ia Aaia?a aiciiaeia i?aaie/aneay aeeciue” – oacen, “oaiia?aoo?a ia
Aaia?a 470-480 a?aaeonia, aeaaeaiea 95-97 aoiinoa?, yoe oaou
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi aeeciue ia Aaia?a iaaiciiaeia” –
ii?iaa?aeaiea.Onoaiiaeaiea eiaeiinoe neaaenoaee oacena – aeieacuaaaony,
/oi ec aeaiiiai oacena auoaeatho neaaenoaey, i?ioeai?a/auea enoeia
(i?eai: naaaeaiea e aano?aeo). Ii?iaa?aeaiea /a?ac aeieacaoaeuenoai
aioeoacena – ii ioiioaieth e oaceno auaeaeaaaony i?ioeai?a/auaa aio
naeaeaoaeuenoai e aeieacuaaaony. Anee aioeoacen enoeiai, oi oacen –
eiaeiue, 3-ai ia aeaii. E?eoeea a?aoiaioia – iiaeaa?aathony e?eoeea
a?aoiaiou, eioi?ua auee auaeaeioou a aeieacaoaeuenoai oacena.
Aeieacuaaaony eiaeiinoue a?aoiaioia, ii yoi ia cia/eo, /oi oacen oiaea
eiaeiue (io?eoeaiea iniiaaiey ia aaaeao e io?eoeaieth neaaenoaey).
Eiiaaea oacen enoeiai, ii /aeiaae i?ienoi ia iiaeao iiaeia?aoue
a?aoiaiou aeey aeieacaoaeuenoaa yoiai.

Auyaeaiea ianinoiyoaeueiinoe aeaiiino?aoeee – iieacuaathony ioeaee a
oi?ia aeieacaoaeuenoaa. Aeieacaoaeuenoai iiaeao auoue iino?iaii
iai?aaeeueii, anee ia?ooaii eaeia-eeai i?aaeei aeaaeoeoeaiiai OIC.
Oaeaea /anoi iiaeae?atho aeieacaoaeuenoaa, ec eioi?uo enoeiiinoue oacena
ia auoaeaao (ioeaea). Iaia?oaeea yoe ioeaee iu ii?iaa?aaai oiae
aeieacaoaeuenoaa, ii ia iiaeai ii?iaa?aaoue enoeiiinoue oacena.

20 IAUAss O-EA AeIEACAOAEUeNOAA E II?IAA?AEAIEss. NO?OEOO?A
AeIEACAOAEUeNOAA.

Aeieacaoaeuenoai – yoi niaieoiiinoue eiae/aneeo i?eaiia iainiiaaiey
enoeiiinoe oacena. Aeie-ai naycaii n oaaaeaeaieai, ii ia oiaeaeanoaaiii
aio : aeie-aa aeieaeiu iniiauaaoueny ia ia aeaiiuo iaoee, oaaaeaeaiey
aea iiaoo auoue iniiaaiu, iai?eia?, ia ?aeeaeiciie aa?a, ia
i?aae?annoaeeao, iiyoiio oaaaeeoue, yoi aua ia cia/eo aeieacaoue.
No?oeoo?a aeieacaoaeuenoaa – oacen – yoi noaeaeaiea, enoeiiinoue
eioi?iai iaaei aeieacaoue.

Oi?ia aeieacaoaeuenoaa (aeaiiino?aoeey) – yoi niinia eiae/aneie nayce
iaaeaeo oacenii e a?aoiaioaie.

A?aoiaiou – yoi oa enoeiiua noaeaeaiey, eioi?uie iieuecothony i?e
aeieacaoaeuenoaa oacena. A?aoiaiou auaatho : 1. Oaeinoiaa?aiiua
aaeeie/iua oaeou (oaeoe/aneee iaoa?eae – iiaeiene eeoea ia aeieoiaioa,
noaoenoe/aneea aeaiiua, naeaeaoaeueneea iieacaiey e o.i.). 2.
Ii?aaeaeaiey (ii?aaeaeaiey iiiyoee, iai?eia? iao/iua). 3. Aeneiiu e
iinooeaou (yoi noaeaeaiey, eioi?ua i?eieiathony a ea/anoaa a?aoiaioia e
aac aeieacaoaeuenoa). 4. ?aiaa aeieacaiiua caeiiu iaoee e oai?aiu –
(iai?. TH?eaee/aneea caeiiu yaeythony a?aoiaioaie a oiaea noaeaaiiai
aeieacaoaeuenoaa).

Ii?iaa?aeaiea – yoi eiae/aneay iia?aoeey onoaiiaeaiey eiaeiinoe eee
iaiainiiaaiiinoe ?aiaa auaeaeiooiai oacena. Ii?iaa?aeaiea aeieaeii
iieacaoue, /oi : 1. Iai?aaeeueii iino?iaii naii aeieacaoaeuenoai.

2. Auaeaeiooue oacen eiaeai eee iaaeieacai. Anoue 3 aeaea ii?iaa?aeaiey
– Ii?iaa?aeaiea oacena, e?eoeea a?aoiaioia, auyaeaiea
ianinoiyoaeueiinoe aeaiiino?aoeee.

21 CAEII AeINOAOI*IIAI INIIAAIEss

Anyeay enoeiiay iuneue aeieaeia auoue aeinoaoi/ii iainiiaaiiie.

?a/ue eaeao oieueei ia iainiiaaiee enoeiiuo iuneae, eiaeiua iunee
iainiaaaoue iaeuecy. A ea/anoaa a?aoiaioia aeey iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey
enoeiiinoe iunee iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu enoeiiua noaeaeaiey,
oeeo?iaie iaoa?eae, noaoenoe/aneea aeaiiua, caeiiu iaoee, aeneiiu,
oai?aiu. Iniaoth aeieacaoaeueioth neeo eiatho a?aoiaiou a iao/iuo
enneaaeiaaieyo, a i?ioeanna iao/aiey, eiaaea iaeuecy i?eieiaoue ia aa?o
iaaeieacaiiua ooaa?aeaeaiey. 22 IIIssOEA I?E*EIU. NIAAeEIAIIUE IAOIAe
NOIAeNOAA E ?ACEE*Ess.

I?e/eia – yaeaiea eee niaieoiiinoue yaeaiee, eioi?ua iaiin?aaenoaaiii
iaoneaaeeaatho, ii?iaeaeatho ae?oaia yaeaiea (neaaenoaea). I?e/eiiay
naycue nouanoaoao aeey ethaiai yaeaiey. I?e iaee/ea i?e/eiu neaaenoaea
ianooiaao iaycaoaeueii. Oneiaey niinianoaotho eee iaoatho aeaenoaeth
i?e/eiu. I?e/eiiay naycue iaaeaeo yaeaieyie ii?aaeaeyaony iin?aaenoaii
?yaea iaoiaeia, eioi?ua ioe?ue O.Ayeii.

Iaoiae noiaenoaa – anee iaaethaeaaiua neo/ae eaeiai-eeai yaeaiey eiatho
iauei eeoue iaeii ianoayoaeuenoai, oi i/aaeaeii iii e anoue i?e/eia
aeaiiiai yaeaiey. aeiionoei, /oi ioaeii auynieoue i?e/eio eaeiai-oi
yaeaiey a. Enoiaey ec ii?aaeaeaiey i?e/eiu eae yaeaiey eee niaieoiiinoe
yaeaiee, eioi?ua i?aaeoanoaotho ae?oaiio yaeaieth e aucuaatho aai,
aoaeai aiaeece?iaaoue i?aaeoanoaothuea A yaeaiey.

_________________________________________________

Neo/ae iiyaeaiey i?aaeoanoaothuea iaaethaeaaiia
O.e. ai anao 3-o neo/ayo iauei

niauoey a ianoayoaeuenoaa yaeaiea
ianoayoaeuenoaii auei .A, oi aeaeaaony

————————————————————————
——– auaiae, /oi A yaeyaony i?e/eiie eee

1 (1) A A A (AAAA) a
(a) /anoueth i?e/eiu niauoey a.

2 (2) A A Ae (AAA)
a (-) (aa?iyoii A e anoue i?e/eia a).

3 A C AE
a

Iaoiae ?acee/ey – Anee neo/ae i?e eioi?uo yaeaiea ianooiaao
?acee/athony oieueei a 1-i i?aaeoanoaothuai ianoayoaeuenoaa, oi yoi
ianoayoaeuenoai e anoue i?e/eia aeaiiiai yaeaiey. Ni. () a oaaeeoea.

23 I?AAEEA AeAEAIEss IIIssOEss.

Ni?acia?iinoue – iaueai aeaeeiiai iiiyoey aeieaeai auoue ?aaai noiia
iauaiia /eaiia aeaeaiey.

Ioeaee: iaiieiia aeaeaiea (ia?a/eneythony ia ana aeaeu aeaiiiai
?iaeiaiai iiiyoey “Yia?aey aeaeeony ia iaoaie/aneoth e oeie/aneoth
(yeaeo?e/aneoth, aoiiioth)”. Aeaeaiea n eeoieie /eaiaie “oeie/aneea
yeaiaiou aeaeyony ia iaoaeeu, iaiaoaeeu e nieaau”. Aeaeaiea aeieaeii
i?iaiaeeoueny ii iaeiiio iniiaaieth

iaeuecy a?aoue 2 eee aieaa i?eciaeia, ii eioi?ui au i?iecaiaeeeinue
aeaeaiea. Ioeaea – – ia?ae?aueaaiea iauaiia iiiyoee , iieo/eaoeony a
?ac-oa aeaeaiey “Ac?uau aeaeyony ia iiaecaiiua, iiaeaiaeiua e
yae?aiua”.

*eaiu aeaeaiey aeieaeiu eneeth/aoue ae?oa ae?oaa – ia eiaoue iaueo
yeaiaioia, auoue niiiae/eiaiiuie iiiyoeyie, iauaiu eioi?uo ia
ia?anaeathony. Ioeaea – ni. I?aaeeaeouee ioieo. Iai?a?uaiinoue –
iaeuecy aeaeaoue nea/ee a aeaeaiee. Ioeaea – “neacoaiua aeaeyony ia
i?inoua, ia ninoaaiua aeaaieueiua e ia ninoaaiua eiaiiua”.

24 IAUAss OA?AEOA?ENOEEA NOAEAeAIEss. NOAEAeAIEA E I?AAeEIAEAIEA

Noaeaeaiea – oi?ia iuoeaiey, a eioi?ie /oi-eeai ooaa?aeaeaaony eee
io?eoeaaony i nouanoaiaaiee i?aaeiaoia, naycyo iaaeaeo i?aaeiaoii e aai
naienoaaie eee ia ioiioaieyo iaaeaeo i?aaeiaoaie. “Eaaeieieu
nouanoaotho”. Noaeaeaiey auaatho enoeiiua e eiaeiua (a o?aaeeoeeiiiie
eiaeea) e aua iaii?aaeaeaiiuie (a 3-o cia/iie eiaeea). “Ia ia?na anoue
aeeciue” – iaii?aaeaeaiiia noaeaeaiea. Noaeaeaiae eiaao noauaeo,
i?aaeeeao, nayceo e eaaioi?. Noauaeo ( S) – iiiyoea i i?aaeiaoa
noaeaeaiey. I?aaeeeao (P) – iiiyoea i i?eciaea i?aaeiaoa,
?anniao?eaaaiiai a noaeaeaiee. Naycea – iiaeao auoue au?aaeaia iaeiei
neiaii (anoue, nooue, yaeyaony), a?oiiie neia eee oe?a, eee i?inoui
niaeaniaaieai neia “niaaea eaao”. Eaaioi? – ia?aae noauaeoii eiiaaea
noieo eaaioi?iia neiai (ana, ie iaeei, iaeioi?ua) iii oeacuaaao,
ioiineony ee noaeaeaiea ei anaio iauaio iiiyoey eee e aai /anoe. Yoe
i?inoua noaeaeaiey iac-ny anna?oi?e/aneeie.

Noaeaeaiey aeaeyony ia i?inoua e neiaeiua. I?inoua noaeaeaiey aeaeyony
ia Ao?eaooeaiua (noaeaeaiey naienoaa) “o ?icu i?eyoiue caiao” ,
noaeaeaiey n ioiioaieyie “i?ioii oyaeaeaa yeaeo?iia”, e noaeaeaiey
nouanoaiaaiey “Nouanoaoao aoiiiue ?aaeoi? a *a?iiauea”. Ii ea/anoao
naycee (anoue, ia anoue) noaeaeaiey aeaeyony ia ooaa?aeeoaeueiua e
io?eoeaoaeueiua. Oaeaea aeaeyony ia iauea “Ana niaiey – oeaiiua iooiua
caa?e”, /anoiua “Iaeioi?ua oeaaou – ?icu” e aaeeie/iua “Aacoaee –
aeaenoaothuee aoeeai”.

Noaeaeaiea e i?aaeeiaeaiea – noaeaeaiey au?aaeathony
iiaanoaiaaoaeueiuie i?aaeeiaeaieyie, eioi?ua ianoo eaeoth-eeai
eioi?iaoeeth. Aii?ineoaeueiua i?aaeeiaeaiey ia niaea?aeao noaeaeaiey
(o.e. ie/aai ia ooaa?aeaeatho e ie/aai ia io?eoeatho). Iiaoaeeoaeueiua
noaeaeaiey au?aaeatho iiaoaeaeaiea e niaa?oaieth aeaenoaey . Iaeioi?ua
iiaoae. I?aaeeiaeaiey ia niaea?aeao noaeaeaiey “Iiaeiaeaee iaiy”, ii
i?aaeeiaeaiey-i?eeacu, i?ecuau eee eicoiae “A aoaeo, ie oaao iacaae”
au?aaeatho iiaeaeueiua noaeaeaiey. Iaeiininoaaiua aacee/iua
i?aaeeiaeaiey “Inaiue” e iaeioi?ua iiaanoaiaaoaeueiua “Ii – a?aoa?ue”
yaeythony noaeaeaieyie oieueei i?e ?anniio?aiee eo a eiioaenoa e i?e
ooi/iaiee. Anee ooi/iaiea ia naeaeaii, iaiiiyoii enoeiiia noaeaeaeaiea
eee eiaeiia.

25 ?ANI?AAeAEAIIINOUe OA?IEIA NOAEAeAIEss

A noaeaeaieyo oa?ieiu S e P iiaoo auoue eeai ?ani?aaeaeaiu, eeai
ia?ani?aaeaeaiu. Oa?iei n/eoaaony ?ani?aaeaeaiiui, anee aai iauai
iieiinoueth aeeth/aaony (eneeth/aaony) a iaai. Oa?iei ia?ani?aaeaeai,
anee aai iauai /anoe/ii aeeth/aaony (eneeth/aaony) a iauai ae?oaiai
oa?ieia.

S ?ani?aaeaeai a iaueo noaeaeaieyo e ia?ani?aaeaeai a /anoiuo. ? anaaaea
?ani?aaeaeai a io?eoeaoaeueiuo noaeaeaieyo a ooaa?aeeoaeueiuo ii
?ani?aaeaeai oiaaea , eiaaea ii iauaio P

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