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O?AEUeNEEE I?AeAIA O?OAeIAIAI E?ANIIAI CIAIAIE

AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE OIEAA?NEOAO ei. A.I. AI?UeEIAI

Eaoaae?a oeeinioee

?AOA?AO

EIAEEA A?ENOIOAEss

Eniieieoaeue:

Eiiuoaaa Aeaia TH?ueaaia,

anie?aio eaoaae?u oece/aneie oeiee

O?aeueneiai ainoieaa?neoaoa.

Iao/iue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue:

i?ioanni?, ae.o.i. Iaeiai A.ss.

Aeaoa?eiao?a

1995

TOC \o “1-3”

1. I I?AAeIAOA EIAEEE A?ENOIOAEss GOTOBUTTON _Toc335705127 PAGEREF
_Toc335705127 5

2. EIAE*ANEAss NENOAIA A?ENOIOAEss GOTOBUTTON _Toc335705128 PAGEREF
_Toc335705128 5

2.1. O/aiea i iiiyoee e i?aaeeiaeaiee. GOTOBUTTON _Toc335705129
PAGEREF _Toc335705129 5

2.2. Oai?ey neeeiaecia. GOTOBUTTON _Toc335705130 PAGEREF
_Toc335705130 8

2.3. Oai?ey ii?aaeaeaiey. GOTOBUTTON _Toc335705131 PAGEREF
_Toc335705131 11

2.4. O/aiea i aeieacaoaeuenoaa. GOTOBUTTON _Toc335705132 PAGEREF
_Toc335705132 13

2.5. Caeiiu iuoeaiey. GOTOBUTTON _Toc335705133 PAGEREF
_Toc335705133 18

3. Iao/iay aaca eiaeee A?enoioaey. GOTOBUTTON _Toc335705134 PAGEREF
_Toc335705134 19

AAAAeAIEA.

Iaoa iuoeaiea iiae/eiyaony eiae/aneei caeiiai e i?ioaeaao a eiae/aneeo
oi?iao iacaaeneii io iaoee eiaeee. Iiiaea ethaee iuneyo eiae/ii, ia
ciay, /oi eo iuoeaiea iiae/eiyaony eiae/aneei caeiiiia?iinoyi. Ii
neaaeoao ee ec yoiai, /oi eco/aiea eiaeee eceeoia? Ciaiea caeiiia e oi?i
iuoeaiey, eo niciaoaeueiia eniieueciaaiea a i?ioeanna iiciaiey iiauoaao
eoeueoo?o iuoeaiey, au?aaaouaaao iaaue iuneeoue aieaa “a?aiioii”,
?acaeaaao e?eoe/aneia ioiioaiea e naiei e /oaeei iuneyi.

Nia?aiaiiay eiaeea aeeth/aao aeaa ioiineoaeueii naiinoiyoaeueiua iaoee:
oi?iaeueioth eiaeeo e aeeaeaeoe/aneoth eiaeeo. Enneaaeoy iuoeaiea n
?aciuo noi?ii, aeeaeaeoe/aneay eiaeea e oi?iaeueiay eiaeea ?acaeaathony
a oaniii acaeiiaeaenoaee, eioi?ia /aoei i?iyaeyaony a i?aeoeea
iao/ii-oai?aoe/aneiai iuoeaiey, eniieuecothuaai a i?ioeanna iiciaiey eae
oi?iaeueii-eiae/aneee aiia?ao, oae e n?aaenoaa ?ac?aaioaiiua
aeeaeaeoe/aneie eiaeeie.

Eiae/aneay i?iaeaiaoeea e oai aieaa eiaeea eae iaoea ia iiaee
aicieeiooue ?aiueoa, /ai naii iuoeaiea noaei i?aaeiaoii iiciaiey, a iii
iiaei noaoue i?aaeiaoii iunee e iiciaiey oieueei a niiinoaaeaiee n oai,
/oi i?ioeainoieo aio eae iuneeiia, o.a. a niiinoaaeaiee n auoeai.
Iaeiaei iinoaiiaea aii?ina i niioiioaiee iuoeaiey e auoey,
naeaeaoaeuenoaoy i iaee/ee oeeinioneie i?iaeaiaoeee, aua ia icia/aao
ca?iaeaeaiey eiae/aneie i?iaeaiaoeee a nianoaaiiii niunea neiaa e oai
aieaa – iaoee eiaeee. Eiae/aneay i?iaeaiaoeea aicieeaao oiaaea, eiaaea
noaaeony aii?in i oii, eaeei oneiaeyi aeieaeii oaeiaeaoai?youe iuoeaiea,
/oiau inouanoaeyeenue iiciaiea e oeaeue aai – enoeia, eee, eia/a aiai?y,
eiaaea noaaeony aii?in i i?aaeeueiii iuoeaiee.

Aiai?y i ca?iaeaeaiee eiae/aneie i?iaeaiaoeee a ae?aaiae A?aoeee, a?yae
ee iiaeii oeacaoue aieaa ?aiithth aeaoo, /ai a?aiy iiyaeaiey o/aiee:
1)Ia?iaieaea Yeaeneiai, ?iaeeaoaainy ieiei 540a. aei i.y. e 2)Aa?aeeeoa
Yoanneiai, aeeaoaai i?eaeeceoaeueii iaaeaeo 530 e 470 aa. aei i.y. I
eiaeea a niunea iaoee iiaeii aiai?eoue eeoue ni a?aiai A?enoioaey (IV a.
aei i.y.). Eiaeeo, iniiaaiioth A?enoioaeai, i?eiyoi iacuaaoue
oi?iaeueiie. Yoi iacaaiea cae?aieeinue ca iae iioiio, /oi iia aicieeea e
?acaeeanue eae iaoea i oi?iao iuoeaiey. Iaeiaei, neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi
a naieo ni/eiaieyo A?enoioaeue auoae ca ?aiee /enoi oi?iaeueiie eiaeee,
/oi iniaaiii caiaoii i?e /oaiee o?aeoaoa “Oiieea”. Iiieii o?aeoaoa
“Oiieea” aaaeiui aii?inai eiaeee iinayuaiu neaaeothuea aai o?oaeu:
“Ia?aay aiaeeoeea”, “Aoi?ay aiaeeoeea”, “I nioenoe/aneeo
ii?iaa?aeaieyo”, a oaeaea ioaeaeueiua ianoa o?aeoaoa “Iaoaoeceea”.

Aieueooth aaaeiinoue a naieo o?oaeao A?enoioaeue i?eaeaaae ii?aaeaeaieth
i?e?iaeu iiiyoey e ioiioaiee iaaeaeo iiiyoeyie, oae eae iaeia ec
eiae/aneeo ooieoeee iiiyoey ninoieo a iuneaiiii auaeaeaiee ii
ii?aaeaeaiiui i?eciaeai eioa?anothueo ian a i?aeoeea e iiciaiee
i?aaeiaoia. Aeaaiaei?y yoie ooieoeee, iiiyoey naycuaatho neiaa n
ii?aaeaeaiiuie i?aaeiaoaie, /oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue onoaiiaeaiey oi/iiai
cia/aiey neia e iia?e?iaaiey eie a i?ioeanna iiciaiey.

Neeeiaeci – ioe?uoea A?enoioaey yaeyaony aeaaiie e iaeaieaa
i?eaeiaeueiie /anoueth eiaeee. A oai?ee neeeiaeciia A?enoioaeue aeae
ii?aaeaeaiea neeeiaecio e ?acee/ee aai aeaeu, ii?aaeaeee ?aaioathuea e
ia ?aaioathuea aeaeu neeeiaeciia, onoaiiaee o?e oeao?u neeeiaecia.

Iaeiaei, iaiaoiaeeii auynieoue oneiaey e enneaaeiaaoue iaoiaeu ia
oieueei aa?iyoiiai, ii e aeinoiaa?iiai ciaiey, /aio e iinayuaiu oai?ey
ii?aaeaeaiey e oai?ey aeinoiaa?iiai ciaiey. Anyeia aeieacaoaeuenoai
iie?aaony ia ii?aaeaeaiiua iieiaeaiey, eae ia enoiaeiua ia/aea.
A?enoioaeue auaeaeyao o?e aeaea iaaeieacoaiuo ia/ae.

Enoeiiinoue iuneae – iaiaoiaeeiia oneiaea iiciathuaai iuoeaiey. Anee yoi
oneiaea ia niaethaeaaony, oi i?aaeeueiuo ?acoeueoaoia a i?ioeanna
?annoaeaeaiey iieo/eoue iaeuecy. Cia/eo, iunee, ec eioi?uo no?ieony
?annoaeaeaiea, aeieaeiu auoue enoeiiuie ii niaea?aeaieth. Enoeiiinoue
iunee – iaiaoiaeeiia, ii ia aaeeinoaaiiia oneiaea aeinoeaeaiey enoeiu a
i?ioeanna ?annoaeaeaiey. Iaiaoiaeeia i?aaeeueiay naycue iuneae, eo
i?aaeeueiia iino?iaiea. I?aaeeueiay naycue iuneae a i?ioeanna
?annoaeaeaiey iaoneiaeeaaaony caeiiaie iuoeaiey. Aeaa caeiia ec /aou?ao
auee auaaaeaiu A?enoioaeai. Aeaaiaea?y eo aeaenoaeth, auaaaeaiea iiauo
ciaiee ec enoeiiuo e i?iaa?aiiuo noaeaeaiee i?eaiaeeo e enoeia.

Eiaeea A?enoioaey aicieeea ia a aacaicaeooiii i?ino?ainoaa eiae/aneeo
aano?aeoeee. Iiyoiio, o?aouey aeaaa iinayuaia i?iaeaia aicieeiiaaiey
eiaeee A?enoioaey.

A?enoioaeue ia n/eoae eiaeeo ioaeaeueiie iaoeie, ii aai iiaieth yoi
nei?aa i?oaeea (“i?aaiii”) anyeie iaoee e iieacae i?aaeea e i?eaiu,
eniieueciaaiea eioi?uo iaiaoiaeeii a ethaii ?annoaeaeaiee, a iiciaiee
eae naiuo iau/iuo naienoa, oae e neiaeiuo i?ioeannia e yaeaiee
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

I I?AAeIAOA EIAEEE A?ENOIOAEss

“I?aaeaea anaai neaaeoao neacaoue, i /ai enneaaeiaaiea e aeaei eaeie iii
iaoee”/1, I/.

Ecaanoii, /oi aeiaaeueiia ii?aaeaeaiea i?aaeiaoa eaeie-eeai iaoee,
o/eouaathuaa aanue oiae aa aoaeouaai ?acaeoey , aanue eiiieaen i?iaeai
iiaoueo ieacaoueny a e?oaici?a aa caiyoee – aaciaaeaaeiia aeaei.
Iaeiaei, a ?aaioao “Oiieea”/4/ e “I nioenoe/aneeo ii?iaa?aeaieyo”/5/
aeai ioaao ia aii?in “i /ai enneaaeiaaiea ?”, o.a. ia aii?in i i?aaeiaoa
iiaiai o/aiey: “enneaaeiaaoue aeieaeii neeeiaeci, oi/iaa, niinia,
n?aaenoai, eneonnoai iino?iaiey neeeiaeciia i anyeie i?iaeaia”/ 4, I/,
“ioiineoaeueii i?aaeeiaeaiiuo … i?iaeai”/5/.

EIAE*ANEAss NENOAIA A?ENOIOAEss

O/aiea i iiiyoee e i?aaeeiaeaiee.

Eiaeea A?enoioaey anoue aeaaiui ia?acii eiaeea oa?ieiia, iiyoiio
ii?aaeaeaiea i?e?iaeu iiiyoey e ioiioaiee iaaeaeo iiiyoeyie auee
i?aaeiaoii aai aieiaiey. Iniaaiii aaaeiui aeey A?enoioaey auei auyniaiea
naienoa iauaai. A o/aiee A?enoioaey iauaa ii?aaeaeyaony eae oi, /oi
ioiineony ei iiiaei i?aaeiaoai a neeo eo i?e?iaeu. Oi, /oi ai iiiaii
ioiineony e nouanoaaiiiio, aeaao iiiyoea i ?iaea. Oi, /oi ninoieo a
nayce n ?iaeii e iiaeao auoue auaaaeaii ec ?iaea, anoue naienoai. Anee
naienoai ii i?e?iaea ioee/aao oeaeoth a?oiio i?aaeiaoia ?iaea io ae?oaie
a?oiiu, oi oaeia naienoai aeaao iiiyoea i aeaea. A anee e naienoaai
aeaea e ?iaea i?eniaaeeiyaony naienoai aaeeie/iiai i?aaeiaoa,
auaeaeythuaai aai e ioee/athuaa aai io anyeiai ae?oaiai, oi oaeia
naienoai aeaao iiiyoea i oii, /oi nianoaaiii i?eiaaeeaaeeo i?aaeiaoo, i
aai nianoaaiiii i?eciaea.

Ieeaeia iiiyoea ia iiaeao auoue, niaeanii A?enoioaeth, iieiinoueth
aaeaeaaoii naiaio i?aaeiaoo. Ai anyeii ioaeaeueiii i?aaeiaoa, e?iia
oa?aeoa?ecothuaai aai naienoaa, anoue iaeee iaii?aaeaeaiiue noano?ao,
eioi?ue iieacuaaao naienoai, ioee/athuaa yoio i?aaeiao io ae?oaeo.
Noano?ao yoio nai ii naaa oaea iaii?aaeaeei, ia iiaeao auoue au?aaeai a
iiiyoee. Eiaiii iiyoiio aaeeie/iue i?aaeiao ia iiaeao auoue en/a?iai
iin?aaenoaii iiiyoey e aaeaaeaaoii ioia?aaeai a iai.

Iaeieie e oaieaea naienoaaie iiaoo iaeaaeaoue ianeieueei noano?aoia.
Iiyoiio, eaeei au eiie?aoiui ie auei iiiyoea, iiae iaai aiciiaeii
iiaeaanoe, ii e?aeiae ia?a a iunee, ianeieueei i?aaeiaoia.

Iiiyoea, ioaeaeueii acyoia, ia ia?acoao i?aaeeiaeaiey. Ii e i?inoia
niaaeeiaiea iiiyoee oaeaea aua ia anoue ?a/ue. Aeey oiai, /oiau aicieeea
?a/ue, iaiaoiaeeii aicieeiiaaiea auneacuaaiey. Yoi i?ienoiaeeo, eiaaea
niaaeeiaiea iiiyoee niaea?aeeo ooaa?aeaeaiea iaeiiai i ae?oaii eee,
iai?ioea, io?eoeaiea. Oai, aaea yoi i?iecioei eiaaony ia eeoei
i?aaeeiaeaiea.

A?enoioaeue eeanneoeoee?oao i?aaeeiaeaiey, ?acaeaeyy eo ia /aou?a
a?oiiu. iaeio ec ieo ninoaaeytho ooaa?aeeoaeueiua e io?eoeaoaeueiua
i?aaeeiaeaiey ( a ia?aie iiiyoey niaaeeiythony, a ai aoi?ie ioaeaeythony
ae?oa io ae?oaa ). Aoi?oth a?oiio ninoaaeytho enoeiiua e eiaeiua
i?aaeeiaeaiey. Aeey eiaeee A?enoioaey ?acee/aiea enoeiiuo e eiaeiuo
i?aaeeiaeaiee ooiaeaiaioaeueii. Enoeiiuie i?aaeeiaeaieyie ii iacuaaao
oa, a eioi?uo ooaa?aeaeaaony niaaeeiaiea iiiyoee oaeiai, eaeiai
niaaeeiaiea eo i?aaeiaoia a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Eiaeiuie iacuaathony oa
i?aaeeiaeaiey, a eioi?uo eeai niaaeeiyaony oi, /oi ?acaeaeaii a
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, eeai ?acuaaeeiyaony oi, /oi a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe
niaaeeiaii.

Niaaeeiaiea iaieo iniiaaiee eeanneoeeaoeee i?aaeeiaeaiee aeaao
/aoaa?iyeia eo ?acaeaeaiea ia

1. ooaa?aeeoaeueiua enoeiiua;

2. io?eoeaoaeueiua enoeiiua;

3. ooaa?aeeoaeueiua eiaeiua;

4. io?eoeaoaeueiua eiaeiua.

O?aouea iniiaaiea aeey eeanneoeeaoeee i?aaeeiaeaiee ii?aaeaeyaony
oa?aeoa?ii eo iauiinoe. Oi, /oi auneacuaaaony a i?aaeeiaeaiee iiaeao
ioiineoueny e iaeiiio i?aaeiaoo eee eo iiiaeanoao. I?aaeeiaeaiea, a
eioi?ii auneacuaaiea ioiineony e iaeiiio i?aaeiaoo – aaeeie/iia.
I?aaeeiaeaiea, a eioi?ii auneacuaaiea ioiineony ei anai i?aaeiaoai
ecaanoiiai aeaea – iauaa. I?aaeeiaeaiea n auneacuaaieai ia i anao, a i
ianeieueeeo i?aaeiaoao aeaea – /anoiia. E?iia oiai, A?enoioaeue
auaeaeyao i?aaeeiaeaiey, iacuaaaiua iaii?aaeaeaiiuie. Yoi i?aaeeiaeaiey,
a eioi?uo ia ynii oeacuaaaony, e eaeie eiaiii /anoe eeanna ioiineony
auneacuaaiea.

*aoaa?oia iniiaaiea aeey eeanneoeeaoeee i?aaeeiaeaiee – niiniaiinoue eo
auoue auneacuaaieyie i aiciiaeiinoe, aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe e
iaiaoiaeeiinoe. I?e ?acee/aiee yoeo o?ao aeaeia i?aaeeiaeaiee eiaaony a
aeaeo ia ioiioaiea iuneeiiai e iaoae iunee, a niiniaiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiey
ioia?aaeaoue ?aaeueiia ninoiyiea, o.a. ia/oi, ioiinyuaany e naiie
nouiinoe i?aaeiaoia. A yoii niunea, iai?eia?, aiciiaeiui n/eoaaony ia
oi, /oi i?eciaaony oaeiaui, a oi, /oi aiciiaeii naii ii naaa.

Niaeanii A?enoioaeth, iiaeii auaeaeeoue o?e aeaea aiciiaeiiai. Yoi,
ai-ia?auo, aiciiaeiia a iau/iii niunea, o.a. oi, /oi aoaeo/e iaeiei,
iiaeao ia?aeoe a ae?oaia. Ai-aoi?uo, nouanoaoao aiciiaeiia, eioi?ia ia
aeaea anaaaea nouanoaoao oieueei a ea/anoaa aeaenoaeoaeueiiai. Oae eae
iii aeaenoaeoaeueii, oi oai naiui iii e aiciiaeii, ii iii ieeiaaea ia
ano?a/aaony eae aiciiaeiia, a eeoue eae aeaenoaeoaeueiia. A-o?aoueeo,
nouanoaoao aiciiaeiia, eioi?ia aa/ii inoaaony oieueei aiciiaeiui e
ieeiaaea ia ia?aoiaeeo a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue.

Oai?ey neeeiaecia.

Aeaaiay e iaeaieaa i?eaeiaeueiay /anoue eiaeee A?enoioaey – aai oai?ey
neeeiaecia. A o?aeoaoa “Ia?aay aiaeeoeea”, aaea eceaaaaony
a?enoioaeaaneay oai?ey neeeiaecia, neacaii, /oi “neeeiaecia anoue ?a/ue,
a eioi?ie, anee ia/oi i?aaeeiaeaii, oi n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth auoaeaao
ia/oi ioee/iia io iieiaeaiiiai a neeo oiai, /oi iieiaeaiiia anoue”/1/.
Neeeiaeci ninoieo ec o?ao noaeaeaiee, aeaa ec ieo iinueee, a o?aouea –
caeeth/aiea.

Enneaaeoy no?iaiea neeeiaeciia, ii ana oa?ieiu a ieo i?aaenoaaeyao
aoeaaie, o.a. aaiaeeo a eiaeeo ia?aiaiiua. A?enoioaeue, aiai?y neiaaie
ss.Eoeanaae/a, “i?aaenoaaee naith oai?eth a aoeaaiiie oi?ia ((((((((,
aeey oiai, /oiau iieacaoue, /oi iieo/aaiia caeeth/aiea iieo/aaony ia eae
neaaenoaea niaea?aeaiey iinueie, a eae neaaenoaea eo oi?iu e ni/aoaiey;
aoeau yaeythony ciaeaie iauiinoe e iieacuaatho, /oi oaeia caeeth/aiea
aoaeao neaaeiaaoue anaaaea, eaeie au oa?iei iu ia eca?aee.”/7/

Ec yoiai acaeyaea ia ia?aiaiiua auoaeaao aanue oa?aeoa? eiaeee
A?enoioaey. Eiaeea – yoi ia anoue eiie?aoiia o/aiea i eiie?aoiuo aauao
eee oa?ieiao. Eiaeea – yoi iaoea i caeiiao neeeiaeciia, au?aaeaiiuo a
ia?aiaiiuo.

Neeeiaeci A?enoioaey aiana ia yaeyaony auaiaeii oeia: “Anyeia A anoue A;
anyeia N anoue A ; neaaeiaaoaeueii, anyeia N anoue A.” Oieueei a
aeaeueiaeoai ii aue enoieeiaai eae auaiae, a o naiiai A?enoioaey
neeeiaeci – eiieeeaoeey (eiae/aneay iia?aoeey, ia?acothuay neiaeiia
auneacuaaiea iin?aaenoaii eiae/aneie naycee) oeia:

Anee A i?enoua anyeiio A

e A i?enoua anyeiio N,

oi A i?enoua anyeiio N.

Aaaeiia cia/aiea eiaao oi, /oi neeeiaeci-eiieeeaoeey A?enoioaey
ioee/aaony io auaiaea o?aaeeoeeiiiie eiaeee. Eae eiieeeaoeey neeeiaeci
A?enoioaey anoue i?aaeeiaeaiea e iioiio aeieaeii auoue eeai enoeiiui,
eeai eiaeiui. A o?aaeeoeeiiiue neeeiaeci eae auaiae iiaeao auoue
i?aaeeueiui eee iai?aaeeueiui, ii ia iiaeao auoue enoeiiui eee eiaeiui,
oae eae ii ia i?aaeeiaeaiea, a ?yae i?aaeeiaeaiee, ia niayiiuo a oi?io
aaeeinoaa.

Oi?ia neeeiaeci oa?aeoa?ecoaony /eneii ia?aiaiiuo, eo ?aniieiaeaieai e
eiae/aneeie eiinoaioaie. Aeaa ec ieo “e” e “anee” ia i?aaenoaaeytho
niaoeeoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee a?enoioaeaaneie eiaeee e aoiaeyo eae /anoue
a aieaa oe?ieoth e aieaa iniiaioth eiae/aneoth nenoaio. E?iia ieo
eiaaony aua /aou?a iinoiyiiuo, oa?aeoa?iuo aeey eiae/aneie nenoaiu
A?enoioaey. Yoi ioiioaiey iaaeaeo iaueie oa?ieiaie: 1. “auoue i?enouei
anyeiio”, 2. ”ia auoue i?enouei ie iaeiiio”, 3. ” auoue i?enouei
iaeioi?iio”, 4. ”ia auoue i?enouei ieeiio”.

A?enoioaeaaneay eiaeea i?aaeiieaaaao naia i?eiaiaiea oieueei e iauei
oa?ieiai, iai?eia?, “aeeaioiia” eee “ieaeiieoathuaa”. Ii e yoe oa?ieiu
oa?aeoa?ecotho ia naio aai eiae/aneoth neoaio, a eeoue noa?o aa
i?eiaiaiey.

Aiaeece?oy oi?iu neeeiaecia, A?enoioaeue auaeaeee o?e iniiaiua aeaea
(o?e “oeao?u”), a eioi?ua iiaoo auoue naaaeaiu ana ioaeaeueiua aai
“iiaeonu” (naienoai i?aaeiaoa, i?enouaa aio eeoue a iaeioi?uo
ninoiyieyo). I?eioeeiii, ia iniiaa eioi?iai A?enoioaeue ?acaeaeee
iiaeonu neeeiaecia ia oeao?u , ieacaeinue iieiaeaiea n?aaeiaai oa?ieia a
ea/anoaa noauaeoa eee i?aaeeeaoa iinueie. ”Iu ociaai oeao?o ii
iieiaeaieth n?aaeiaai oa?ieia”/1/.

Oeaeue neeeiaecia – iainiiaaoue ioiioaiea A e A. Aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeii
iaeoe ia/oi iauaa eae aeey A, oae e aeey A. Iaeoe aai aiciiaeii o?aiy
niiniaaie:

1. ooaa?aeaeaiea A ioiineoaeueii N, a N ioiineoaeueii A;

2. ooaa?aeaeaiea N ioiineoaeueii eo iaieo;

3. ooaa?aeaeaiea A e A ioiineoaeueii N.

“Ionthaea i/aaeaeii, /oi anyeee neeeiaeci no?ieony ii eaeie-ieaoaeue ec
yoeo oeao?”/1/. A yoie noaia A – i?aaeeeao neeeiaenoe/aneiai
caeeth/aiey, A – aai noauaeo, N – aai n?aaeiee oa?iei. A ia?aie oeao?a
n?aaeiee oa?iei – noauaeo ii ioiioaieth e A (e “aieueoiio oa?ieio”) e
i?aaeeeao ii ioiioaieth e A (e “iaiueoaio oa?ieio”). Ai aoi?ie oeao?a
n?aaeiee oa?iei – i?aaeeeao, a a o?aoueae – noauaeo ii ioiioaieth e
aieueoaio e iaiueoaio oa?ieiai.

A?enoioaeue ?acaeaeee ana neeeiaeciu ia “niaa?oaiiua” e “ianiaa?oaiiua”.
“Niaa?oaiiua” – yoi, ii nooe, aeneiiu neeeiaenoeee: ia o?aaothuea
aeieacaoaeuenoaa e iaaeieacoaiua naiii/aaeaeiua ooaa?aeaeaiey.
“Ianiaa?oaiiua” neeeiaeciu eeoaiu i/aaeaeiinoe e aeieacuaathony.
Iaaeieacoaiua iaiin?aaenoaaiiua iieiaeaiey ninoaaeytho oiiae iniiaiuo
enoei.

Oai?ey ii?aaeaeaiey.

A oai?ee ii?aaeaeaiey, ?ac?aaioaiiie A?enoioaeai, ?ane?uaaaony aeaiyeay
oi/ea c?aiey ia ii?aaeaeaiea e ii?aaeaeyaiia.

Niaeanii ia?aie oi/ea c?aiey ia ii?aaeaeaiea, caaea/a ii?aaeaeaiey a
oii, /oiau oeacaoue oaeea naienoaa ii?aaeaeyaiie nouiinoe, eioi?ua, ia
ninoaaeyy naiie yoie nouiinoe eae oaeiaie, ana aea neaaeiaaee au ec iaa.
Oieueei i?e iaee/ee ii?aaeaeaiey ciaieth ia oa?iaeaao ?aa?ann a
aaneiia/iinoue, a aeieacaoaeuenoai iieo/aao iaiaoiaeeioth aeey iaai
oi/eo ion/aoa. Ii eae aiciiaeii oaeia ii?aaeaeaiea? Aai aeieacaoaeuenoai
ia inouanoaeii. A naiie caaea/a oaeiai aeieacaoaeuenoaa oaeeinue au
i?ioeai?a/ea. Iii iaoneiaeaii oai, /oi oa?ieiu, naycue eioi?uo a oeaeyo
aeieacaoaeuenoaa aeieaeia auoue aeieacaia e eioi?ua i?aaeiieaaathony eae
?acaeaeueiua, a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ia ioaeaeeiua ae?oa io ae?oaa, a
ninoaaeythuay i?aaeiao ii?aaeaeaiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay nouiinoue
?aceiaeaia ia oa?ieiu eeoue i?iecaieueii e naia ii naaa iaaeaeeia. A
neo/aa ii?aaeaeaiey oaeeo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo nouiinoae yoe nouiinoe,
i?aaaea, aini?eieiathony /oanoaaie, ii ieacuaathony iaaeaeeiuie e a
aiciiaeiinoe e a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Niaeanii aoi?ie oi/ea c?aiey A?enoioaey ia ii?aaeaeaiea iaaeaeeiua
i?inoua nouiinoe eiatho auoea ia oieueei eae nouiinoe a naaa, ii e eae
nouiinoe aeey ian. I?inoua naie ii naaa, iie aeaeeiu, oae eae
ninoaaeytho i?aaeiao iunee iaoaai oia. Eaeie au i?inoie ia auea iuneeiay
nouiinoue, iu iiaeai iuneeoue aa oieueei i?e oneiaee, anee iuneei
ioiioaiea aa e eaeie-oi ae?oaie nouiinoe. Iiyoiio iaaiciiaeiia a neo/aa
eciee?iaaiiie, iaaeaeeiie eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie nouiinoe ii?aaeaeaiea ana
aea aiciiaeii i?e iuoeaiee iin?aaenoaii ioiioaiee.

Nouanoaoao, ii A?enoioaeth, aeoaieia niioaaonoaea iaaeaeo iiiyoui oaeei
ia?acii auoeai e ii?aaeaeaieai eae oneiaeai aeieacaoaeuenoaa e
n?aaenoaii iiciaiey auoey.

Niaiauaiea iaaeo oeacaiiuo oi/ae c?aiey ia ii?aaeaeyaiua nouiinoe
oeacuaaao ia /a?ou ii?aaeaeaiey eae yeaiaioa e oneiaey aeinoiaa?iiai
ciaiey.

Ii A?enoioaeth, “iaoa?ey” ii?aaeaeyaiiai ia aeieaeia auoue ioaeaeyaia io
“oi?iu” e, iaiai?io, “oi?ia” – io “iaoa?ee”.

?anniio?ei, iai?eia?, ii?aaeaeaiea aeiia. Iaeioi?ua oeeiniou iuoaeenue
ii?aaeaeeoue iiiyoea i aeiia, oeacuaay oieueei ia aai “oi?io” eee oeaeue
: aeii – oaaaeeua aeey caueou io aeo?iie iiaiaeu. Iaeiaei, iaeioi?ua
oeceee ii?aaeaeytho oiaea iiiyoea, oeacuaay oieueei ia aai iaoa?eth:
aeii – ia/oi, naeaeaiiia ec eaiiae, ee?ie/a. Iai?ioea, ii?aaeaeaieai,
oaeiaeaoai?ythuei e o?aaiaaieyi oeeinioee, e o?aaiaaieyi oeceee aoaeao
ii?aaeaeaiea: aeii – oaaaeeua, iino?iaiiia ec oaeeo-oi iaoa?eaeia n
oeaeueth caueou /aeiaaea io aeo?iie iiaiaeu. Yoi ii?aaeaeaiea, ia
ioaeaeyy “oi?io” io “iaoa?ee”, iiae/a?eeaaao ana cia/aiey “oi?iu” eae
enoi/ieea naienoa, i?eiaaeeaaeaueo naiie aaue. Oaeia ii?aaeaeaiea aoaeao
i?e/eiiui. “Ai anao yoeo neo/ayo, i/aaeaeii, /oi aii?in i oii, /oi anoue
oiaeaeanoaaiiai n aii?inii i oii, ii/aio anoue”/2,II/. Oae, niaeanii
A?enoioaeth, ii?aaeaeaieai iiiyoey caoiaiey Eoiu aoaeao : “eeoaiea Eoiu
naaoa a neaaenoaea ?aniieiaeaiey Caiee iaaeaeo iae e Nieioeai”/2,II/.

A iaoea oeaiiinoue i?e/eiiuo ii?aaeaeaiee iaoneiaeaia eo ?ieueth a
aeieacaoaeuenoaa. Caaea/a ii?aaeaeaiey a oii e ninoieo, /oi iii aeaao
i?e/eiiia, iaiaoiaeeiia iauyniaiea, i?eoii iauyniaiea, eanathuaany
nouiinoe. Niioaaonoaaiii n yoei, ii A?enoioaeth, eiathony
aeieacaoaeueiua ii?aaeaeaiey. A ieo nouiinoue – i?aaeiao
iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai nica?oeaiey – aeinoaaeyao oio i?aaeiao aeey
?annoaeaeaiey. Aeey yoiai a yoie nouiinoe ?acee/atho /anoue, ia
iiaeeaaeauoth aeieacaoaeuenoao, a oaeaea /anoue aeieacoaioth. “Iaoa
eneaiea iai?aaeaii ia iaoa?eth, ii/aio iia aoaeao ia/oi ii?aaeaeaiiia.
Iai?eia, ii/aio aeaiiue iaoa?eae ia?acoao aeii? Iioiio /oi a iai
iaoiaeeony nooue auoey aeey aeiia. Oaeei ia?acii iouneeaaaony i?e/eia
aeey iaoa?ee, e yoi – oi?ia, a neeo eioi?ie iaoa?ey anoue ia/oi
ii?aaeaeaiiia; a oi?ia – yoi nouiinoue”/3,VII/.

O/aiea i aeieacaoaeuenoaa.

A i?iaeaia aeieacaoaeuenoaa A?enoioaeue ?acee/aao ciaiea aeinoiaa?iia e
aa?iyoiia. Ia/aeii aeieacaoaeuenoaa ia iiaeao auoue ie i?aaaeiiiaeiaiia,
ie iai?aaaeiiiaeiaiia ciaiea e oiicaeeth/aiea aeieaeii auoue iino?iaii
ec iaiaoiaeeiuo iinueie. “Ia/aeii ia yaeyaony i?aaaeiiiaeiaiia eee
iai?aaaeiiiaeiaiia, ii ia?ae/iia, i?eiaaeeaaeauaa e oiio ?iaeo, i
eioi?ii aaaeaony aeieacaoaeuenoai”/2,I/.

A oai?ee aeieacaoaeuenoaa ooaa?aeaeaaony, /oi enoiaeiua ia/aea
aeieacaoaeuenoaa – nouiinoe, i?e?iaea eioi?uo ia aeinooiia
aeieacaoaeuenoao, ii aeieacaoaeuenoai ana aea niiniaii iieo/aoue ec
nouiinoae naienoaa, auoaeathuea ec eo i?e?iaeu. Aeinoeaaaony yoi
iin?aaenoaii aeaeaiey. Aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeii “a?aoue ana, ioiinyuaany e
nouanoao [aaue], e aeaeaieai [ana] ?aniieiaeeoue ii ii?yaeeo, iinooee?oy
ia?ae/iia e ie/aai ia inoaaeyy aac aieiaiey. E yoi [i?eienuaaaiia]
iaiaoiaeeii [niaea?aeeo ii?aaeaeaiea], anee ana aeeth/aaony a aeaeaiea e
ie/aai ia oioneaaony”/2,II/.

Oeaiiinoue, a aeacao A?enoioaey, yoiai niiniaa iieo/aiey naienoa ec
nouiinoae i?aaenoaaeony aua aieueoae, anee o/anoue, /oi nouiinoe,
iiciaiea eioi?uo eiaao a aeaeo A?enoioaeue, a aieueoainoaa ia i?inoua, a
neiaeiua.

Caaea/a aeieacaoaeuenoaa – i?eaanoe e oniio?aieth, /oi iaeioi?ia
naienoai i?eiaaeeaaeeo i?aaeiaoo eee iaeee i?aaeeeao i?eiaaeeaaeeo
noauaeoo.

Aiciiaeiua aeaeu neeeiaeciia ia en/a?iuaathony aai iao/iie oi?iie.
“…[Anyeia] aeieacaoaeuenoai anoue iaeioi?iai ?iaea neeeiaeci, ii ia
anyeee neeeiaeci – aeieacaoaeuenoai”/1,I/. E ii auaeaeyao a eeanna
neeeiaeciia “?eoi?e/aneea” e ”aeeaeaeoe/aneea”, aiieia ei??aeoiua ii
eiae/aneie nayce iaaeaeo iinueeaie e caeeth/aieyie, ii ia/aea eo –
oieueei aa?iyoiua iieiaeaiey, i?eiyoua ia aa?o. A a o?aeoaoa “Oiieea”
/4,VIII/ A?enoioaeue oeacuaaao eae aeaeu oiicaeeth/aiee neeeiaeciu
“nioenoe/aneea” e “ya?enoe/aneea”. A yoeo neeeiaeciao, eioi?ua ii nooe
anoue eeoue ?aciiaeaeiinoe i?aaeoanoaothueo, aieaa iaiaaeai anaai eeoue
aa?iyoiue oa?aeoa? iieiaeaiee.

Neeeiaeci, eeoaiiue oiai, /oi aeaeaao aai aeieacaoaeueiui, ia niiniaai
aeaoue ciaiey i iaiaoiaeeiie i?e/eiiie nayce. Aeey oaeiai ciaiey eo/oa,
anee i?e/eiiay naycue eioa?i?aoe?iaaiia a iiiyoeyo niaea?aeaiey,
iai?eia?, “nia?oiinoue i?eiaaeeaaeeo /aeiaaeo”. A?enoioaeue /anoi aeaao
eiaiii oaeoth eioa?i?aoaoeeth. Ii aua aaaeiaa aeey iaai eioai?aoaoeey
i?e/eiiie nayce eae aeeth/aiey. Yoi eee aeeth/aiea /anoiiai a iauaa, eee
aeaea a ?iae iin?aaenoaii auaeaeaiey aeaeiaiai ?acee/ey.

E a iinueeao, e a caeeth/aiee ?a/ue eaeao i naienoaao anaiauaai, e
eaaeaeii neo/aa eiie ieacuaaaony oieueei noaiaiue iauiinoe. A?enoioaeue
iaiaeiie?aoii e ianoie/eai ?acuyniyao, /oi ia iiaeao auoue
aeieacaoaeuenoaa i aaeeie/iii eae oaeiaii, i /oanoaaiii aini?eieiaaiui
eae oaeiaii, i ia?aoiaeyuai eae oaeiaii. Aeieacaoaeuenoai aiciiaeii
oieueei i anaiauai e oioy au iinoiyiiii. “Anee au iauaai ia auei, oi ia
auei au e … ieeaeiai aeieacaoaeuenoaa”/2,I/. A a “Iaoaoeceea” /eoaai :
“… ynii, /oi aeey /oanoaaiiuo aauae ie ii?aaeaeaiey, ie
aeieacaoaeuenoaa auoue ia iiaeao”/3,VII/. Oie/oiaeathueany aaue
“ia?anoatho auoue ecaanoiuie ethaeyi, iaeaaeathuei ciaieai, eiaaea
aueaeoo ec iaeanoe /oanoaaiiiai aini?eyoey … ie ii?aaeaeaiey, ie
aeieacaoaeuenoaa ii ioiioaieth e yoei aauai nouanoaiaaoue oaea ia
aoaeao”/3,VII/.

Ai anao aeieacaoaeuenoaao, auyniythueo i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue iaeioi?iai
naienoaa, iaeioi?ie nouiinoe, i?e/eia – anaiauay.

Enneaaeiaaiea i?e/eiiiai ioiioaiey A?enoioaeue n/eoaao iniiaiie caaea/ae
iao/iiai ciaiey : “?anniio?aiea i?e/eiu, ii/aio anoue aeaiiay aauue,
anoue aeaaiia a ciaiee”/2,I/. Aeey A?enoioaey “ciaoue, /oi anoue aeaiiay
aauue e ciaoue i?e/eio oiai, /oi iia anoue, -yoi iaeii e oiaea”/2,II/.
Eiaiii iioiio, /oi neeeiaeci ia?aie oeao?u aieueoa, /ai neeeiaeciu
ae?oaeo aeaeia niiniaai iainiiauaaoue cia/aiea i?e/eiiuo ioiioaiee.
A?enoioaeue n/eoae ia?aoth oeao?o iaeaieaa oeaiiui aeaeii
oiicaeeth/aiey. “N?aaee oeao? [neeeiaecia] ia?aay yaeyaony iaeaieaa
iiaeoiaeyuae aeey [i?eia?aoaiey] iao/iiai ciaiey, eai ii iae aaaeoo
aeieacaoaeuenoaa e iaoaiaoe/aneea, eae a?eoiaoeea, aaiiao?ey, iioeea, e,
y neacae au, ana iaoee, ?anniao?eaathuea i?e/eiu, ii/aio [/oi-ieaoaeue]
anoue, eai neeeiaeci i oii, ii/aio [/oi-ieaoaeue] anoue, iieo/aaony eee
ai anao, eee ai iiiaeo neo/ayo, eee aieueoa anaai eiaiii ii yoie
oeao?a”/2,II/.

Yoi iiiyoea i i?e/eia aeaeaao yniie ?ieue n?aaeiaai oa?ieia a
oiicaeeth/aiee e aeieacaoaeuenoaa. N?aaeiee oa?iei anoue oaeaea iiiyoea,
iauaa aeaoi iiiyoeyi, ioiioaiea eioi?uo ?anniao?eaaaony a neeeiaecia e
aeieacaoaeuenoaa. Aianoa n oai, n?aaeiee oa?iei aunooiaao a
aeieacaoaeueiii ?annoaeaeaiee eae i?e/eia : “I?e/eia oiai, ii/aio
[ia/oi] anoue ia yoi eee yoi, a [iaeioi?ay] nouiinoue aiiaua, eee
[ii/aio ia/oi anoue] ia aiiaua, ii /oi-oi ec oiai, /oi i?enoua naii ii
naaa eee neo/aeii, – [i?e/eia anaai yoiai] i?aaenoaaeyao niaie n?aaeiee
oa?iei”/2,II/.

Iniaaiii ynii aunooiaao naienoai n?aaeiaai oa?ieia auoue i?e/eiie a
aeinoiaa?iuo aeieacaoaeueiuo oiicaeeth/aieyo. Ai anao oaeeo
oiicaeeth/aieyo eo aeinoiaa?iinoue – ia oieueei aeinoiaa?iinoue eaeie-oi
i?e/eiu, a eiaiii enoeiiie i?e/eiu.

I/aiue oa?aeoa?ii aeey A?enoioaey, /oi aaeeie/iua i?aaeiaou, oa?ieiu
eioi?uo aunooiatho a oiicaeeth/aiee aeieacaoaeuenoaa, ?anniao?eaathony
naie ii naaa ana aea eae oieaa?naeueiua. “Ie iaeia iinueea ia aa?aony
oae, /oiau iia [ioiineeanue oieueei] e oiio /eneo, eioi?ua ou ciaaoue,
eee oieueei e oie i?yiieeiaeiie [oeao?a], eioi?oth ou ciaaoue, ii [iia]
ioiineony ei anyeiio [/eneo] eee i?yiieeiaeiie [oeao?a]/2,I/. Aeaaea
anee aeey iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai nica?oeaiey oeao?a aaeeie/ia, oi naia ii
naaa iia oieaa?naeueia.

Aeieacaoaeuenoai o A?enoioaey noaiiaeony iaoiaeii iaoee. Iaeiaei
A?enoioaeue aaiaeeo a o/aiea aaaeiia ia?aie/aiea. Naycaii yoi n aai
oaaaeaeaieai a oii, /oi iauiinoue iiaeao nouanoaiaaoue oieueei iaaeaeo
iiae/eiaiiuie iaeii ae?oaiio iiiyoeyie. Eaaeaeay ioaeaeueiay iaoea eiaao
naie iniaue aunoee ?iae, ii ia?aoiae io iaeiiai ?iaea e ae?oaiio
iaaiciiaeai. “Iaeuecy, neaaeiaaoaeueii, aanoe aeieacaoaeuenoai oae,
/oiau ec iaeiiai ?iaea ia?aoiaeeoue a ae?oaie … iaeuecy aaiiao?e/aneia
iieiaeaiea aeieacaoue i?e iiiiue a?eoiaoeee”/2,I/, “a?eoiaoe/aneia
aeieacaoaeuenoai anaaaea eiaao aeaei n oai ?iaeii, ioiineoaeueii
eioi?iai aaaeaony yoi aeieacaoaeuenoai”/2,I/; “[aiiaua] iaeuecy
aeieacaoue iin?aaenoaii iaeiie iaoee [iieiaeaiey] ae?oaie, ca
eneeth/aieai oao [neo/aaa], eiaaea [iaoee] oae ioiinyony ae?oa e ae?oao,
/oi iaeia iiae/eiaia ae?oaie, eaeiai, iai?eia?, ioiioaiee iioeee e
aaiiao?ee e aa?iiiee e a?eoiaoeea”/2,I/.

Anyeia aeieacaoaeuenoai iie?aaony ia iaeioi?ua iieiaeaiey, eae ia
enoiaeiua ia/aea. Eiiaaea ia/aea auaiaeyony ec iaeioi?uo
i?aaeoanoaothueo ei ia/ae iin?aaenoaii iiaiai aeieacaoaeuenoaa. Iaeiaei
yoio i?ioeann ia iiaeao eaeoe aei aaneiia/iinoe. Niaeanii au?aaeaieth
A?enoioaey, “ii iai?aaeaieth aaa?o” eaeoo e ioiinyueany e nouiinoe e
neo/aeiua i?eciaee, “iaeiaei e oi, e ae?oaia ia aaneiia/ii.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeieaeii auoue ia/oi, /aio /oi-oi i?aaeienuaaaony
ia?ae/ii … e caeanue aeieaeai auoue i?aaeae, aeieaeii auoue ia/oi, /oi
aieueoa ia i?aaeienuaaaony ae?oaiio i?aaeoanoaothuaio e /aio ae?oaia
i?aaeoanoaothuaa aieueoa ia i?eienuaaaony”/2,I/.

A?enoioaeue ?acee/aao o?e aeaea iaaeieacoaiuo ia/ae : 1.aeneiiu;
2.i?aaeiieiaeaiey; 3.iinooeaou.

Aeneiiu – iieiaeaiey, iaoneiaeeaathuea aiciiaeiinoue eaeiai au oi ie
auei ciaiey eeai a iaoea, eeai a a?oiia acaeiicaaeneiuo iaoe. I?eia?
aeneiiu aeey anao iaoe – ia/aei eee caeii i?ioeai?a/ey. Ia/aei – yoi ia
aeiioaca, a oi, /oi iaiaoiaeeii ciaoue /aeiaaeo, anee ii iiciaao oioue
/oi-ieaoaeue. Aeneiiu eiatho neeo aeey anaai nouanoaothuaai, a ia
niaoeeaeueii aeey iaeiiai eaeiai-eeai ?iaea.

I?aaeiieiaeaieyie A?enoioaeue iacuaaao iieiaeaiey, eioi?ua naie ii naaa
aeieacoaiu, ii a i?aaeaeao aeaiiiai iao/iiai ?annoaeaeaiey i?eieiathony
aac aeieacaoaeuenoaa: “ ana oi, /oi oioy e aeieacoaii, ii nai
[aeieacuaathuee] i?eieiaao, ia aeieacuaay, e o/auaiony yoi eaaeaony
[i?aaeeueiui], – yoi anoue i?aaeiieiaeaiea”/2,I/. I?aaeiieiaeaiea ia
aaconeiaii e eiaao cia/aiea eeoue aeey oiai, aeey eiai iii
noi?ioee?iaaii e auaeaeiooi. Ooieoeey i?aaeiieiaeaiee a noaeaeaiee – a
iainiiaaiee caeeth/aiee: “[i?aaeiieiaeaiey] – yoi [noaeaeaiey], i?e
iaee/ee eioi?uo iieo/aaony caeeth/aiea aeaaiaei?y oiio, /oi iie
anoue”/2,I/.

Iinooeaoaie (“o?aaiaaieyie”) A?enoioaeue iacuaaao iieiaeaiey, eioi?ua
i?eieiathony a i?aaeaeao aeaiiiai iao/iiai ?annoaeaeaiey, ii
i?eieiathony eee i?e iieiii ionoonoaee o enneaaeiaaoaey iiaiey ii
iiaiaeo enneaaeoaiiai iauaeoa, eee aeaaea i?e iaee/ee ianiaeaney
o/auaainy, enneaaeiaaoaey n iinooee?oaiui iieiaeaieai. “Anee i?eieiatho
[/oi-oi], a oi a?aiy, eae [o/aueeny] ia eiaao ieeaeiai iiaiey [ia yoii]
eee eiaao iiaiea, i?ioeaiia [yoiio], oi iinooee?oao yoi”/2,I/.

Caeiiu iuoeaiey.

Ec /au?ao caeiiia iuoeaiey o?aaeeoeeiiiie eiaeee A?enoioaeue onoaiiaee,
ii e?aeiae ia?a, aeaa: caeii [cai?auaiey] i?ioeai?a/ey e caeii
eneeth/aiiiai o?aoueaai. Caeiiu oiaeaeanoaa e aeinoaoi/iiai iniiaaiey o
A?enoioaey iaia/aiu a o/aiee i iao/iii ciaiee eae ciaiee aeieacaoaeueiii
(caeii aeinoaoi/iiai iniiaaiey) e a oacena, niaeanii eioi?iio
“iaaiciiaeii ie/aai iuneeoue, anee ia iuneeoue [eaaeaeue ?ac]
/oi-ieaoaeue iaeii” /3,IV/(caeii oiaeaeanoaa).

A e?aoeie oi?ia caeii [cai?auaiey] i?ioeai?a/ey cao/eo eae “aianoa
nouanoaiaaoue e ia nouanoaiaaoue iaeuecy” /3,IV/, a a iieiie eae
ooaa?aeaeaiea: “iaaiciiaeii, /oiau iaeii e oiaea aianoa auei e iaauei
i?enoua iaeiiio e oiio aea a iaeiii e oii aea niunea” /3,IV/. A
“Iaoaoeceea” noi?ioee?iaai e eiae/aneee aniaeo caeiia [cai?auaiey]
i?ioeai?a/ey a neiaao i oii, /oi “iaeuecy aiai?eoue aa?ii, aianoa
ooaa?aeaeay e io?eoeay /oi-ieaoaeue”. Yoio caeii i?yii iainiiaaoue
iaeuecy, iaeiaei iiaeii ii?iaa?aiooue i?ioeaiiieiaeiue aio acaeyae,
iieacaa aai iaeaiinoue.

Caeii [cai?auaiey] i?ioeai?a/ey o A?enoioaey aaniethoai, ii ii
aeaenoaoao oieueei a noa?a aeooaeueiiai auoey, a a noa?a aiciiaeiiai ii
ia aeaenoaoao. Iiyoiio e noaiiaeaiea, ii A?enoioaeth, nouanoaoao eae
?aaeecaoeey iaeiie ec aiciiaeiinoae, eioi?ay, aoaeo/e ?aaeeciaaiiie,
aeooaeece?iaaiiie, eneeth/aao ae?oaea aiciiaeiinoe, ii oieueei a
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, ii ia a aiciiaeiinoe.

O A?enoioaey iiaeii iaeoe e ae?oaea i?eioeeieaeueiua ia?aie/aiey noa?u
aeaenoaey caeiia i?ioeai?a/ey. Aai aeaenoaea ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia
aoaeouaa, oae eae yoi naycaii ni noa?ie aiciiaeiinoe. Aoaeouaa /?aaaoi
iiiaeie aiciiaeiinoyie, ianoiyuaa aea aaaeii, iineieueeo aeooaeece?oaony
ia/oi iaeii, ii iii iioaioeeaeueii aiaaoi.

Iaino?aiiie oi?iie caeiia [cai?auaiey] i?ioeai?a/ey yaeyaony caeii
eneeth/aiiiai o?aoueaai, yoio caeii au?aaeai oae: “Ia iiaeao auoue
ie/aai iin?aaeeia iaaeaeo aeaoiy i?ioeai?a/aueie [ae?oa ae?oao]
noaeaeaieyie, ii ia iaeiii [noauaeoa] anyeee ioaeaeueiue i?aaeeeao
iaiaoiaeeii eeai ooaa?aeaeaoue, eeai io?eoeaoue”/3,IV/.

Aeaenoaea yoeo caeiiia oaeiai, /oi caeii [cai?auaiey] i?ioeai?a/ey ia
iaycaoaeueii aea/ao ca niaie caeii eneeth/aiiiai o?aoueaai, ii caeii
eneeth/aiiiai o?aoueaai i?aaeiieiaaao aeaenoaea caeiia [cai?auaiey]
i?ioeai?a/ey.

Iao/iay aaca eiaeee A?enoioaey.

Ai anao ni/eiaieyo A?enoioaey, iinayuaiiuo aii?inai eiaeee
?anniao?eaathony iaiauaiiua e, a ecaanoiie ia?a, oi?iaeeciaaiiua aeaeu
oiicaeeth/aiey e aeieacaoaeuenoaa.

Ii eiaeea A?enoioaey aicieeea ia a aacaicaeooiii i?ino?ainoaa eiae/aneeo
aano?aeoeee. Iia aicieeea eae iiiuoea eiae/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey oao oi?i
e aeaeia eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey, eioi?ua aeaenoaotho a oiicaeeth/aieyo e
aeieacaoaeuenoaao iaoee. Eiaeea ia i?aaeienuaaao iaoea ie/aai, /oi ia
auei au auaaaeaii ec auoothueo a naiie iaoea oi?i, iaoiaeia. Aeey
A?enoioaey oaeie iiaeoiae aeey iaoiaeaeaiey oi?i eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey
anoanoaai: aaaeue nai A?enoioaeue aue ia oieueei e?oiiaeoei oeeinioii
naiaai aaea, ii e aai e?oiiaeoei o/aiui oe?ieiai oai?/aneiai ioaaoa.
Eiaiii yoa oe?ioa e “oieaa?naeueiinoue” auaeaeaaao aaaeiue aii?in: ia
eaeeo eiaiii iaoeao iniiauaaeny A?enoioaeue a naieo eiae/aneeo
enneaaeiaaieyo ? Ec eaeeo iao/iuo oi?i oiicaeeth/aiey e
aeieacaoaeuenoaa, ec eaeeo iaoe /a?iae ii ia?acoeu, iaiauaieai e
oi?iaeecaoeeae eioi?uo ieacaeenue auaaaeaiiua e iauyniaiiua A?enoioaeai
eiae/aneea oi?iu iuoeaiey ?

A oeeinianeie /5/ eeoa?aoo?a auaeaeaaeinue i?aaeiieiaeaiea, /oi iao/iie
aacie eiaeee A?enoioaey auee aai iaaethaeaiey e enneaaeiaaiey,
iinayuaiiua aii?inai ii?oieiaee e oeceieiaee aeeaioiuo. Ii-aeaeeiiio,
eiaiii aeieiaey, a /anoiinoe ciieiaey, i?aaenoaaeyea a aeacao A?enoioaey
i?eia? nenoeiaoeee, eeanneoeeaoeee i?aaeiaoia ia ?iaeu e aeaeu.
?acee/aiea aeieiae/aneiai ?iaea e aeaea, aunooiathuaa a aeieiae/aneie
eeanneoeeaoeee, a eiae/aneii ieaia iniiauaaaony ia iia?aoeee
ii?aaeaeaiey, ia eioi?ie, a naith i/a?aaeue, iniiauaaaony a oii aea
eiae/aneii ieaia aeieacaoaeuenoai.

E ana aea eiathony na?ueaciua aeieacaoaeuenoaa i oii, /oi iniiaie aeey
A?enoioaey ieacaeanue ia noieueei nia?aiaiiay aio aeieiaey, neieueei
iaoaiaoeea. Ecaanoii, /oi a eiae/aneeo ni/eiaieyo A?enoioaey ii/oe ana
eeethno?aoeee, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey iainiiaaiey e ?acuyniaiey eiaeee,
ii/a?iioou ec aaiiao?ee.

E aeaenoaeoaeueii, i?aaeiaou iaoaiaoeee, ii A?enoioaeth, eiatho
ianiiiaiiia i?aeiouanoai ii n?aaiaieth n i?aaie/aneeie nouanoaaie,
ecaanoiuie ec iiuoa. Iauaeou iaoaiaoeee – ?acoeueoao aano?aeoeee io
/oanoaaiiuo i?aaeiaoia iiuoa.

Niaeanii A?enoioaeth,”i?aaeiaoii [eco/aiey] iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe
yaeythony iiiyoey, a ia eaeay-eeai [iaoa?eaeueiay] iniiaa. Eai anee
aaiiao?ey e ?anniao?eaaao iaeioi?oth [iaoa?eaeueioth] iniiao, oi ia eae
oaeiaoth”/2,I/. A a ae?oaii ianoa ii aeiaaaeyao, /oi iaoea, “ia eiathuay
aeaei n iaoa?eaeueiie iniiaie, oi/iaa e auoa iaoee, eiathuae n iae
aeaei, eae a?eoiaoeea ii n?aaiaieth n aa?iiieae”/2,I/. I?aaaea, iniiaa
yoie iaoee e aa iiiyoee – oece/aneay ?aaeueiinoue. Iaeiaei,
iaiin?aaenoaaiiay ?aaeueiinoue iaoaiaoe/aneeo iauaeoia aeey iaoee, eae
aa iiieiaao A?enoioaeue, oaea ia a eo oece/aneie, a oieueei, oae
neacaoue, a eo eiae/aneie iaoa?ee: yoi oiiiinoeaaaiua, a ia /oanoaaiii
iinoeaaaiua aaeeinoaa ?iaea e aeaeiii?aaeaeythuaai i?eciaea. A nayce n
yoei iaoaiaoe/aneea iauaeou, a ecaanoiii ioiioaiee, A?enoioaeue noaaeo
ieaea, /ai nianoaaiii “oi?iu”, eiaiii iioiio, /oi i?aaeiaou iaoaiaoeee –
oieueei aano?aeoeee e iaeaaeatho eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoueth ia a naiie
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, a oieueei a iunee.

Ii, i?eciaaay oiiiinoeaaaioth ?aaeueiinoue iauaeoia iaoaiaoeee,
aeaaiaea?y eioi?ie iaoaiaoe/aneia ?annoaeaeaiea – anoanoaaiiue
“iaoa?eae”, a eioi?ii ?ane?uaaaony i?e?iaea eiae/aneeo iia?aoeee e oi?i,
A?enoioaeue ai?aony i?ioea ieaoiiianeiai acaeyaea ia iaoaiaoeeo.
A?enoioaeue inoaeaeaao o/aiea Ieaoiia i n?aaeeiiii iieiaeaiee iaoaiaoeee
iaaeaeo oiiiinoeaaaiui ie?ii “eaeae” e /oanoaaiii aini?eieiaaiui ie?ii
aauae. Iaoaiaoeea noaiiaeony aeey Ieaoiia n?aaenoaii eee i?oaeeai
ciaiey. Iai?ioea , aeey A?enoioaey iaoaiaoeea – ia “i?aaiii”, ia i?oaeea
ciaiey, a naii ciaiea a aai yaeaiee eee iaia?oaeaiee. Aeey A?enoioaey
“i?aaiii” ciaiey – ia iaoaiaoeea, a “aiaeeoeea”, o.a. eiaeea.

CAEETH*AIEA.

Aeayoaeueiinoue A?enoioaey i?eiaaeeaaeeo eae enoi?ee oeeinioee, oae e
enoi?ee iaoee. A e?oao iaoe, ?ac?aaioeie e nicaeaieai eioi?uo caieiaeny
A?enoioaeue, ia?aia ianoi i?eiaaeeaaeeo eiaeea. A?enoioaeue – aaoi?
i?eaeiaeueiie, /?acau/aeii ouaoaeueii ?ac?aaioaiiie eiae/aneie nenoaiu,
ieacaaoae ia?iiiia aeeyiea ia ?acaeoea eiae/aneie iaoee.

Aaeeeay caneoaa A?enoioaey ninoieo a oii, /oi ii aia?aua naeaeae i?eaiu
?annoaeaeaiey i?aaeiaoii iao/iuo ecuneaiee, eiaiii i?eaiu ?annoaeaeaiey
eae oeaeinoiua ia?aciaaiey, a ia oieueei oa eee eiua eiiiiiaiou
?annoaeaeaiey.

Ana, /oi auei naeaeaii a eiaeea aei A?enoioaey – yoi auei anaai eeoue
iiaeoiaeaie, iiiuoeaie oynieoue ioaeaeueiua iaoiaeu e i?eioeeiu, aac
eaeie-eeai eo nenoaiaoecaoeee e iauaaeeiaiey a aaeeioth no?ieioth
nenoaio. A o?aeoaoa “I nioenoe/aneeo ii?iaa?aeaieyo” A?enoioaeue ieoao:
“a eneonoaa e?anii?a/ey eiaeinue iiiaia e aeaaii neacaiiia. *oi aea
eanaaony o/aiey i oiicaeeth/aieyo, oi iu ia iaoee ie/aai oaeiai, /oi
auei au neacaii aei ian, a aeieaeiu auee naie nicaeaoue aai n aieueoie
cao?aoie a?aiaie e nee.

A?enoioaeue naeaeae ooiaeaiaioaeueiia aeey anae eiaeee ioe?uoea, aaiaey
ia?aiaiiua. Oai naiui auei iieacaii, /oi eiaeea – yoi ia anoue
eiie?aoiia o/aiea i eiie?aoiuo aauao eee oa?ieiao, a eiaeea – iaoea i
caeiiao neeeiaeciia, au?aaeaiiuo a ia?aiaiiuo. Eco/ay ?acee/iua
noaeaeaiey, oi?iaeueiay eiaeea ioaeaeaaony io eo eiie?aoiiai
niaea?aeaiey, auyaeyy no?oeoo?o, iauoth aeey ?acee/iuo ii niaea?aeaieth
i?aaeiaoia.

EEOA?AOO?A.

A?enoioaeue. Ia?aay Aiaeeoeea //Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee, Iineaa, ”Iuneue” –
1978 a., o. 2, n.117-254.

A?enoioaeue. Aoi?ay Aiaeeoeea //Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee, Iineaa, ”Iuneue” –
1978 a., o. 2, n.255-346.

A?enoioaeue. Iaoaoeceea //Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee, Iineaa, ”Iuneue” – 1978
a., o. 1, n.63-308.

A?enoioaeue. Oiieea //Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee, Iineaa, ”Iuneue” – 1978 a., o.
2, n.347-532.

A?enoioaeue. I nioenoe/aneeo ii?iaa?aeaieyo //Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee,
Iineaa, ”Iuneue” – 1978 a., o. 2, n.533-593.

A.O.Anion Aioe/iay oeeinioey // Iineaa, Aunoay oeiea, 1976 a., 543n.

..Eoeanaae/ A?enoioaeaaneay neeeiaaenoeea n oi/ee c?aiey nia?aiaiiie
oi?iaeueiie eiaeee //

Eiaeea A?enoioaey____________________________________________________
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