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EINIIEIAEss

Iaoea, eioi?ay eco/aao anaeaiioth eae aaeeiia oeaeia, iacuaaaony
einiieiaeae. Aieueoeinoai nouanoaothueo einiieiae/aneeo oai?ee iie?aaony
ia oai?eth oyaioaiey, oeceeo yeaiaioa?iuo /anoeoe, iauoth oai?eth
ioiineoaeueiinoe e ae?oaea ooiaeaiaioaeueiua oece/aneea oai?ee e,
eiia/ii, ia ano?iiiie/aneea iaaethaeaiey. A einiieiaee oe?iei
eniieuecoaony iaoiae iiaeaee?iaaiey, o/aiua no?iyo oai?aoe/aneea iiaeaee
Anaeaiiie, euoo iaaethaeaoaeueiua oaeou, ia iniiaa eioi?uo iiaeii
i?iaa?eoue i?aaeeueiinoue oai?aoe/aneeo auaiaeia. I?eiaiaiea YAI
iicaieyao i?iaiaeeoue iaiaoiaeeiua i?e yoii ?an/aou. ?aaeueiay
anaeaiiay, eae ieacaeinue, oi?ioi iienuaaaony iiaeaeyie ?anoe?ythuaeny
Anaeaiiie.

?ANOE?AIEA ANAEAIIIE

Ia?aia oniaoiia ii?aaeaeaiea eo/aaie nei?inoe aaeaeoeee ii iaaethaeaieth
aeiiea?ianeiai niauaiey aa niaeo?aeueiuo eeiee auei auiieiaii a 1912 a.
Neaeoa?ii a iana?aaoi?ee Eiaaeea. Ii iaoae, /oi aaeaeoeea a nicaacaeee
Aiae?iiaaeu i?eaeeaeaaony e Caiea ni nei?inoueth ieiei 200 ei/n. Yoi
oaeeaeoaeueiue ?acoeueoao, anee aniiiieoue, /oi aieueoeinoai caacae
aeaeaeaony ni nei?inoyie ia aieaa 50 ei/n. Eco/ay niaeo?u ae?oaeo
aaeaeoee, Neaeoa? iaoae, /oi aeey aieueoeinoaa ec ieo oa?aeoa?ii e?aniia
niauaiea eeiee, o. a. a ioee/ea io aaeaeoeee a Aiae?iiaaea yoe aaeaeoeee
nei?aa anaai oaeaeythony, a ia i?eaeeaeathony. Niauaiea niaeo?aeueiuo
eeiee niiaa aeaaaei aieueoea nei?inoe. E 1914 a. Neaeoa? ecia?ee niaeo?u
13 aaeaeoee; ana iie, ca eneeth/aieai aeaoo, oaeaeyeenue ni nei?inoyie
ieiei 300 ei/n.

Oaeea nei?inoe iaiiiai i?aainoiaeeee naiua aieueoea nei?inoe,
eiaaea-eeai ecia?aiiua a ano?iiiiee. Iaeiaei naiia oaeeaeoaeueiia auei
aua aia?aaee. E 1917 a. auee ca?aaeno?e?iaaiu nei?inoe a 600 ei/n, ii
aeaaea yoio ?aei?ae aue anei?a i?aacieaeai. Eioa?anii i?i/eoaoue
eiiiaioa?ee oiai a?aiaie. Yaeaeeiaoii ienae a 1923 a.:

«Iaeiie ec naiuo caiooaiiuo i?iaeai einiieiaee yaeythony ia?iiiua
nei?inoe nie?aeueiuo ooiaiiinoae. Eo eo/aaua nei?inoe a n?aaeiai
ninoaaeytho ieiei 600 ei/n, e a a?iiaaeiii aieueoeinoaa i?aiaeaaeatho
nei?inoe oaeaeaiey io Nieia/iie nenoaiu. Iau/ii n/eoatho, /oi
nie?aeueiua ooiaiiinoe – naiua oaeeaeoaeueiua ec ecaanoiuo iai nae/an
iauaeoia (oioy yoa oi/ea c?aiey e inia?eaaaony iaeioi?uie aaoi?eoaoaie),
oae /oi nei?aa anaai eiaiii caeanue, /ai aaea-ieaoaeue aua, iu iiaee au
iieneaoue yooaeou, iaoneiaeaiiua iaueie naienoaaie Anaeaiiie».

Yaeaeeiaoii i?eaiaeeo caoai nienie eo/aauo nei?inoae nie?aeueiuo
aaeaeoee, ecia?aiiuo Neaeoa?ii e oaa?aeth 1922a., e i?iaeieaeaao:

«I/aiue ii?aceoaeueii a?iiaaeiia i?aiaeaaeaiea iieiaeeoaeueiuo nei?inoae
(oaeaeaiea); iaeiaei, e niaeaeaieth, iaaeinoaoie iaaethaeaiee
ooiaiiinoae a thaeiii iieooa?ee ia iicaieytho naeaeaoue ieii/aoaeueiia
caeeth/aiea. Anee aeaaea thaeiua ooiaiiinoe iieaaeoo i?aiaeaaeaiea
iieiaeeoaeueiuo nei?inoae, einiieiae/aneea o?oaeiinoe ana aea ia
en/acioo iieiinoueth… Ioaeii aoaeao iiiyoue, ii/aio aeaa ooiaiiinoe( a
oii /enea aieueoay ooiaiiinoue Aiae?iiaaeu) i?eaeeaeaaony e iai n
aeiaieueii aieueoie nei?inoueth; eae ?ac yoe nei?inoe ii?aaeaeaiu
eneeth/eoaeueii oi?ioi».

Yoi auneacuaaiea Yaeaeeiaoiia iaiiieiaao iai, /oi a oi a?aiy ia auei n
ii?aaeaeaiiinoueth onoaiiaeaii, /oi nie?aeueiua aaeaeoeee eaaeao aia
Iea/iiai Iooe. Ioe?uoea Oaaaea aeaoe?oaony 1924 a. A aeaeueiaeoai naao
ia i?e?iaeo neaeoa?ianeeo nei?inoae aue i?ieeo n ioe?uoeai a 1926-1927
aa. a?auaiey Iea/iiai Iooe. Nei?inoue aeaeaeaiey Nieioea aie?oa oeaio?a
aaeaeoeee ninoaaeyao ieiei 250 ei/n. Ae?oaea iauaeou a Iea/iii iooe
oaeaea ia?auathony aie?oa aai oeaio?a, iiyoiio eo eo/aaua nei?inoe
ioiineoaeueii Nieioea cia/eoaeueii iaiueoa 250 ei/n. Iauaeou,
iaoiaeyueany aia Iea/iiai iooe, ia o/anoaotho a aai a?auaiee, oae /oi
nei?inoe aaeaeoee ioaeii eni?aaeoue ca aeaeaeaiea Nieioea, /oiau ociaoue
eo nei?inoe ioiineoaeueii Iea/iiai Iooe eae oeaeiai. Eiaaea yoa iii?aaea
auea aianaia, auno?ia i?eaeeaeaiea aeaoo aaeaeoee, eioi?ia oae niouaei
Yaeaeeiaoiia, cia/eoaeueii caiaaeeeeinue, ii naiia eioa?aniia, /oi iinea
eni?aaeaiey nei?inoue i?eaeeaeaiey aaeaeoeee a Aiae?iiaaea ieacaeanue
anaai eeoue ieiei 100 ei/n. Oaeei ia?acii, ia?aay ecia?aiiay Neaeoa?ii
nei?inoue, eioi?ay eacaeanue a oi a?aiy ono?aoathua aieueoie, ia aeaaaea
i?aaenoaaeaiey i oao nth?i?ecao, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auee iineaaeiaaoue.

Cia/aiea ?acoeueoaoia Neaeoa?a i?iynieeinue a aeaeueiaeoai aeaaiaea?y
aaaeiiio ioe?uoeth Oaaaea, eioi?ue iieacae, /oi nei?inoe oaeaeaiey
aaeaeoee ioithaeue ia neo/aeiu. Enoiaey ec ecia?aiiuo ei ?annoiyiee aei
nie?aeueiuo aaeaeoee, Oaaae A 1929 a. onoaiiaee, /oi aieioue aei
?annoiyiey 6 ieeeeiiia naaoiauo eao nei?inoe aaeaeoee i?iii?oeeiiaeueiu
?annoiyieyi aei ieo. Ia ia?aue acaeyae iiaei au iieacaoueny, /oi
ioe?uoea Oaaaea ainnoaiiaeei i?eaeeaae?iaaiiia iieiaeaiea Iea/iiai Iooe.
Iaeiaei, eae anei?a noaei ynii, ?acoeueoao Oaaaea aiana ia icia/aao ,
/oi Iea/iue Iooue yaeyaony aaeeinoaaiiui oeaio?ii ?acaaaaiey aaeaeoee.
Iai?ioea caeii ?anoe?aiey, a eioi?ii nei?inoue i?yii i?iii?oeeiiaeueia
?annoiyieth, icia/aao, /oi ethaoth aaeaeoeeo iiaeii i?eiyoue ca oeaio?
?anoe?aiey. e i?e yoii aoaeao iaaethaeaoueny oio aea naiue caeii
?acaaaaiey.

Oaaae n/eoae, /oi iinoiyiiay i?iii?oeeiiaeueiinoe a aai caeiia
?acaaaaiey aaeaeoee ?aaia i?eaeeceoaeueii 500 ei/(n(Iin). Yoo oeaeo
nei?inoae iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue aieaa iaaeyaeiui niiniaii, eioi?ue
iauyniyao, ii/aio ?acoeueoao Oaaaea icia/aao, /oi 2 ieeeeiia eao iacaae
ana aaeaeoeee iaoiaeeeenue i/aiue aeecei ae?oa e ae?oao. Yoio ?acoeueoao
aue ii?aceoaeai ia oieueei nai ii naaa, ii oaeaea e iioiio, /oi, eae
n/eoaee, aic?ano Caiee e Nieioea aieueoa 2 ieeeea?aeia eao.

Eiia/ii, i?aaeiieiaeaiea, /oi Anaeaiiay ?anoe?yaony ana a?aiy n
iinoiyiiie nei?inoueth, iiaeao auoue ioeai/iui. A yoii neo/aa iiiaio,
eiaaea aaeaeoeee iaoiaeeeenue a iaeiie iaeanoe i?ino?ainoaa, iia eiaoue
ianoi aieueoa, /ai 2 ieeeea?aea eao iacaae. Yoio aii?in iaeuecy ?aoeoue
aac oai?ee ?anoe?aiey. Iaaeaeo oai iiiaea n/eoaee, /oi a?aiy 2
ieeeea?aea eao, eioi?ia iacuaaaony iinoiyiiie Oaaaea, eiaao
ooiaeaiaioaeueiia cia/aiea aeey Anaeaiiie a oeaeii.

Oaeie auaiae iiaeao iieacaoueny iiniaoiui, iaeiaei iineaaeothuea ?aaiou,
eae i?aaeei, iiaeoaa?aeaeaee aai. E 1931 a. Oaaae ?anoe?ee iaeanoue
ni?aaaaeeeainoe naiaai caeiia n 6 ieeeeiiia aei 150 ieeeeiiia naaoiauo
eao. Iaeiiaoe, aeaaiaea?y iiaui ecia?aieyi aeiiea?ianeiai niauaiey,
auiieiaiiui Ouethianniiii, Oaaae aeinoea ?annoiyiee 240 ieeeeiiia
naaoiauo eao, aaea nei?inoe oaeaeaiey ninoaaeyee ieiei 1/7 nei?inoe
naaoa. Oaeiaa auea neooaoeey, eiaaea Oaaae iioaeeeiaae naith eieao «Ie?
ooiaiiinoae» a 1936 a.

N oao ii? anooiee a no?ie 200-aetheiiaue oaeaneii a Iaoio-Aeenii e
oniaa?oainoaiaaiu iaoiaeu ?aaeno?aoeee naaoa, niae?aaiiai oaeaneiiii.
Yoi iicaieeei ii?aaeaeeoue e?aniua niauaiey aieaa neaauo e oaeaeaiiuo
aaeaeoee. Iaeiaei aaeeinoaaiiia aaaeiia eciaiaiea ?acoeueoaoia Oaaaea
naycaii n aieueoie ioeaeie a aai oeaea ?annoiyiee. Iinoiyiioth Oaaaea
oaia?ue i?eieiatho ?aaiie i?eia?ii 10 ieeeea?aeai eao. Yoi cia/aiea
aieueoa i?aaeiieaaaaiuo aic?anoia Caiee e Nieioea e n?aaieii n aic?anoii
noa?aeoeo caacaeiuo neiieaiee . Oaeei ia?acii, i?aaeiieiaeaiea, /oi
iaeiaaea Anaeaiiay auea i/aiue ieioiie, ia ano?a/aao aieueoa ieeaeeo
o?oaeiinoae.

?aae/aiei Aeaen 11-A

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