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AINOAeA?NOAAIIAss OEIAINIAAss AEAAeAIEss

I?E I?AAEOAEUeNOAA ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE

EAOAAe?A OEEINIOEE

?AOA?AO

OEEINIANEEA ACAEssAeU AIEUeOA?A

Auiieiee: nooaeaio Ei?iaaa Aeaenae, AI2_1

I?aiiaeiaaoaeue: Eeeiia Aiaoieee sseiaeaae/

IINEAA

1994

IEAI ?AAIOU

1. Aaaaeaiea

2. *anoue 1. Ioiioaiea Aieueoa?a e ?aeeaee e Aiao

3. *anoue 2. Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey oeeinioee Aieueoa?a

4. Caeeth/aiea

Aaaaeaiea

O?ainoa Ia?e Aieueoa? ioiineony e aeaeiaeoei iuneeoaeyi o?aioeocneiai
i?inaauaiey.Oai?/anoai Aieueoa?a ianoieueei iieii io?aaeaei iniiaiua
ono?aieaiey a?aiaie, /oi aanue 18-ue aae noaee ioiaeaeanoaeyoue n
Aieueoa?ii. “Ii aue aieueoa, /ai /aeiaae. Ii aue aaeii”, – neacae i i?i
Aeeoi? Athai.

Aieueoa? ieacae ia?iiiia aeeyiea ia i?iieeiiaaiea o?aioeocneiai
i?inaauaiey a ?inneth a eiioea 18-ai aaea. Eioa?anii e oi, /oi ii aue a
naiie aoua iieeoe/aneeo i?ioeannia a Aa?iia e a?e ia?aieneo ni iiiaeie
aaioeaiiniuie iniaaie, oai naiui ieacuaay ii?aaeae?iiia aeeyiea ia
iieeoeeo.

Aieueoa? aue ia oieueei oeeinioii, iaeiaei eiaiii aai oeeinianeea
acaeyaeu i?aaenoaaeytho aieueoie eioa?an. Yoi naycaii ia oieueei n oai,
/oi iie eiaee ia?iiiia aeeyiea ia i?aoaiaeiaaaoeo ia “i?inaau?iiinoue
iiia?oia e eo i?eaeeae?iiuo”, ii en oai, /oi Aieueoa? iaoiaeee naith
iiaeeeiioth aoaeeoi?eth a n?aaea i?ia?anneaiie iauanoaaiiinoe oiai
a?aiaie.

*anoue 1.

Aaaeiia ianoi a oeeinioee Aieueoa?a caieiaao aai ioiioaiea e ?aeeaee e e
aiao. Oi?iaeueii Aieueoa?a iiaeii ioianoe e aeaenoai, oae eae ii ienae,
/oi aa?eo a aiaa, ii i?e yoii aia ?anniao?eaaeny oieueei eae ?acoi,
neiino?oe?iaaaoee oeaeaniia?acioth “iaoeio i?e?iaeu” e aeaaoee ae caeiiu
e aeaeaeaiea. Aia ia ioneaao a oiae iaoaieciu aeayoaeueiinoe ie?a
iinoiyiii. “Aia iaeiaaeaeu iiaaeae, Anaeaiiay aea iiae/eiyaony aa/ii.”
Aieueoa? ii?aaeaeyao aiaa eae “iaiaoiaeeiia auoea, nouanoaothuaa naii ii
naaa, a neeo naiae ?acoiiie, aeaaie e iiaouanoaaiiie i?e?ieaeu, ?acoi,
ai iiiai ?ac i?aainoiaeyuee ian, eai ii niaa?oaao aaue, eioi?ua aaeaa ee
iu iiaeai iiiyoue.” Oioy Aieueoa? e ieoao, /oi nouanoaiaaiea aiaa ia
o?aaoao aeieacaoaeuenoa (“?acoi auioaeaeaao ian aai i?eciaoue eeeoue
aacoiea io?aoeony e aai ii?aaeaeaieth”), nai ii an? aea iuoaaony eo
i?eaanoe. Aieueoa? n/eoaao, /oi aano?aeii, anee “an? – aeaeaeaiea,
ii?yaeie, aeeciue – ia?aciaaeanue naia niaie, aia eaeiai au oi ie auei
caiunea”, /oiau “iaeii eeoue aeaeaeaiea nicaeaei ?acoi”, neaaeiaaoaeueii
Aia anoue. “Iu ?acoiiu, cia/eo nouanoaoao e aunoee ?acoi. Iunee ia
i?enoue iaoa?ee aiiaua, cia/eo /aeiaae iieo/ee yoe niiniaiinoe io aiaa.”

Ii /ai aeaeueoa eae?o Aieueoa? a iiaeiaiuo ?annoaeaeaieyo, oai aieueoa
iiaeii iaeoe a ieo i?ioeai?a/ee. Iai?eia?, nia/aea ii aiai?eo, /oi Aia
nicaeae an?, a oii /enea e iaoa?eth, a /ooue aeaeueoa oaea ieoao, /oi
“Aia e iaoa?ey nouanoaotho a neeo aauae.” Aiiaua, /ai aieueoa ieoao
Aieueoa? i aiaa, oai aieueoa aa?u e iaiueoa a?aoiaioia: “…aeaaaeoa
iieeiiyoueny Aiao, ia no?aiynue i?iieeiooue ai i?ae aai oaeinoa.”
Aieueoa? ieoao, /oi ii nai aoaeao “iieeiiyoueny aio iiea aeea, ia
aeiaa?yy ieeaeie oeiea e ia ono?aieyy iie?o naiaai oia a i?aaeaeu, eieo
ia niiniaai aeinoe/ue ie iaeei nia?oiue.” Aieueoeinoai aeiaiaeia
Aieueoa?a a iieueco nouanoaiaaiey Aiaa ia iiaoo auoue i?eiyou ai
aieiaiea ec-ca naiae i?ioeai?a/eainoe.

Aieueoa? n/eoaao, /oi Aia – “aaeeinoaaiiue, eoi iiaouanoaaiai, eai yoi
ii ana nicaeae, ii ia a naa?o ia?a iiaouanoaaiai”, oae eae “eaaeaeia
nouanoai ia?aie/aii naiae i?e?iaeie” e “nouanoaotho aaue, eiei aa?oiaiue
eioaeeaeo ia a neeao aini?aiyonoaiaaoue, iai?eia?, aini?aiyonoaiaaoue
oiio, /oiau i?ioeia ia nouanoaiaaei, /oiau ianoiyuaa ia auei
iiaeaa?aeaii iinoiyiiie oaeo/anoe. /oiau aoaeouaa ia auoaeaei ec
ianoiyuaai.” Aa?oiaiia auoea “an? naeaeaei a neeo iaiaoiaeeiinoe, eai,
anee au aai oai?aiey ia auee au iaiaoiaeeiu, iie auee au aaniieaciu.” Ii
yoa iaiaoiaeeiinoue ia eeoaao aai aiee e naiaiaeu, iioiio /oi naiaiaea –
yoi aiciiaeiinoue aeaenoaiaaoue, a Aia – i/aiue iiaouanoaaiai e iiyoiio
naiue naiaiaeiue. Oaeei ia?acii, ii Aieueoa?o – Aia ia anaiiaouee, a
i?inoi i?inoi naiue iiaouanoaaiiue; ia aaniethoii, a naiue naiaiaeiue.

Oaeiaa aieueoa?ianeay eiioeaioeey Aiaa, e anee noaeeoue ii iae i
acaeyaeao oeeinioa, oi aai iiaeii ioianoe e aeaenoai. Ii aeaeci
Aieueoa?a anoue ii nooe naiae caianee?iaaiiue aoaeci e iaoa?eaeeci, oae
eae, ii-iiaio, Aia Aieueoa?o ioaeai, /oiau aeeoue a ie?a n naiei niaie e
eiaoue ioi?aaioth oi/eo aeey ?aciuoeaiee.

Aieueoa? ienae: ”Ooaoeiny a oii. /oi iu ia ciaai niioiioaiee iaaeaeo
iaooeiie e eieueoeii Naoo?ia, e aoaeai i?iaeieaeaoue inneaaeiaaoue oi,
/oi iai aeinooiii.” Ii-iiaio, eiaiii yoei ii e caieiaaony. E, n/eoay
aeaeueiaeoaa eco/aiey auoey iaaeinooiiui, Aieueoa? ia?aoiaeeo e
?annoaeaeaieyi ia oaio ?aeeaee. Caeanue iaaei ioiaoeoue, /oi Aieueoa?
anaaaea /?oei ?acaeaeye oeeinioeth e ?aeeaeth: “Ieeiaaea ia iaaei
aioouaaoue Nayuaiiia ienaiea a oeeinioneea nii?u: yoi niaa?oaiii
?acii?iaeiua aaue, ia eiathuea iaaeaeo niaie ie/aai iauaai.” A
oeeinianeeo nii?ao ?a/ue eae?o eeoue i oii, /oi iu iiaeai iiciaoue ia
nianoaaiiii iiuoa, iiyoiio ia neaaeoao i?eaaaaoue e Aiao a oeeinioee, ii
yoi ia cia/eo, /oi oeeinioey e ?aeeaey ianiaianoeiu. A oeeinioee e Aiao
iaeuecy i?eaaaaoue eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea iaaei iauynieoue oece/aneea
i?e/eiu. Eiaaea aea nii? eae?o i ia?ae/iuo i?eioeeiao, ia?auaiea e Aiao
noaiiaeony iaiaoiaeeiui, oae eae, anee au iu iiciaee iaoa ia?ae/iia
ia/aei, iu au an? ciaee i aoaeouai e noaee au aiaaie aeey naay. Aieueoa?
n/eoaao, /oi oeeinioey ia iia?aaeeo ?aeeaee, oae eae /aeiaae ia niiniaai
?acaaaeaoue /oi anoue Aia. “Ieeiaaea oeeinio ia aiai?eo, /oi ii
aaeioiiae?i Aiai, eai n yoiai iiiaioa ii ia?anoa?o auoue oeeinioii e
noaiiaeony i?i?ieii.” Auaiaeu oeeinioia i?ioeai?a/ao eaiiiai ?aeeaee, ii
ia a?aaeyo ei.

*oi aea iiieiaao Aieueoa? iiae neiaii “?aeeaey”: iinoiyiii”? Ai-ia?auo,
Aieueoa? a naieo ?aaioao ?acaai/eaaao ioeoeeaeueioth ?aeeaeth, oae eae,
ii aai iiaieth, ioeoeeaeueiay ?aeeaey neeueii ioee/aaony io enoeiiie, a
eaeaaeueiay ?aeeaey (eioi?ay e yaeyaony enoeiiie) – yoi ?aeeaey,
aaeeiyuay ian naiaii a iaa?aaeo ca aeia?i e ?acuaaeeiythuay ca
i?anooieaiey, “?aeeaey neoaeaiey naiaio aeeaeiaio ai eiy ethaae e Aiao,
aianoi i?aneaaeiaaiey aai e oaeaiey aai ai eiy Aiaa.” Yoi ?aeeaey,
eioi?ay “o/eea au oa?ieiinoe ii ioiioaieth e inoaeueiui e, caneoaeea
oaeei ia?acii anaiauaa ?aniieiaeaiea, auea au aaeeinoaaiiie, niiniaiie
i?aa?aoeoue /aeiaa/aneee ?iae a ia?iae a?aoueaa… Iia ia noieueei au
i?aaeeaaaea ethaeyi eneoieaiea i?aa?aoaiee, neieueei aaeioiiaeyea au eo
e iauanoaaiiui aeia?iaeaoaeyi… ia ?ac?aoaea au (naiei neoaeeoaeyi)
oco?ie?iaaoue … aeanoue, niiniaioth i?aa?aoeoue eo a oe?aiia.” Eiaiii
yoiai ia oaaoaao o?enoeaineie ?aeeaee, eioi?oth Aieueoa? n/eoae
aaeeinoaaiii aa?iie, i?e/?i ianoieueei aa?iie, /oi “ iia ia ioaeaeaaony
a niiieoaeueiuo aeieacaoaeuenoaao.”

Aieueoa? anaaaea e?aeia iaaaoeaii ioiineeny e ?aeeaeiciui oaiaoeeai,
n/eoay, /oi iie niiniaiu i?eianoe ai?acaei aieueoa a?aaea, /ai ana
aoaenou. Aieueoa? – ?aoeoaeueiue i?ioeaiee ?aeeaeiciie iaoa?ieiinoe.
“Anyeee, eoi neaaeao iia: “Aeoiae eae y eee Aia oaay iiea?aao”, aiai?eo
iia: “aeoiae eae y eee y oaay oaueth.” Enoi/ieeii aea oaiaoecia yaeyaony
noaaa?ea, oioy naii ii naaa iii iiaeao auoue aaca?aaeiui ioa?eioe/aneei
yioocaceciii,ii ia iianiui oaiaoeciii. Noaaa?iue /aeiaae noaiiaeony
oaiaoeeii, eiaaea aai oieeatho ia ethaua ceiaeaenoaa ai eiy Ainiiaea.
Anee caeii i?anooiatho aa?othuee e iaaa?othuee, oi ia?aue ec ieo
inoa?ony anth aeeciue iiino?ii, aoi?ie aea aiaaeaao a aa?aa?noai eeoue
ia iaiiaaiea, iioiio /oi “iineaaeiee eiaao ocaeo, ia?aiai aea ie/oi ia
oaea?aeeaaao.”

“Iaeaieaa aeoi e cie oio ia?iae, eioi?ue “aieaa ae?oaeo noaaa?ai”, oae
eae noaaa?iua n/eoatho, aoaeoi iie auiieiytho ec /oanoaa aeieaa oi, /oi
ae?oaea aeaeatho ii i?eau/ea eee a i?eiaaeea aacoiey.” Noaaa?ea aeey
Aieueoa?a – nianue oaiaoecia n i?aeiaaneai. Oaiaoeci aea Aieueoa? n/eoae
ceii aieueoei, /ai aoaeci: “Oaiaoeci ouny/ae?ao aeaaeueiaa, eai aoaeci
aiiaua ia aiooaao e?iaaauo no?anoae, oaiaoeci aea eo i?iaioee?oao;
aoaeci i?ioeainoieo i?anooieaieyi, ii oaiaoeci eo aucuaaao.” Aoaeci, –
n/eoaao Aieueoa?, – yoi ii?ie iaeioi?uo oiiuo ethaeae, noaaa?ea e
oaiaoeci – ii?ie aeoioeia. Aiiaua, aoaenou – aieueoae /anoueth niaeua e
caaeoaeaeathueany o/?iua.

Aiiaua-oi, Aieueoa? iaiaeiicia/ii ioiineeny e aoaecio: a /?i- oi ii aai
ii?aaaeuaae (aoaenou “iiie?aee iiaaie enoeio, eai iia auea ie?oaeaia
eiaeueth”), a a /?i-oi, iaiai?io, iaaeiyao (“ii ii/oe anaaaea
ieacuaaaony aeaaeueiui aeey aeia?iaeaoaee”). Ii an?-aea, eae iia
eaaeaony, Aieueoa? aue aieueoa aoaenoii, iaaeaee aa?othuei.

Aieueoa? yaii neiiaoece?oao aoaenoai e oaaaeae?i, /oi iauanoai,
ninoiyuaa ec aoaenoia aiciiaeii, oae eae iauanoai oi?ie?oao caeiiu.
Aoaenou, aoaeo/e i?eoii e oeeinioaie, iiaoo aanoe i/aiue ioae?oth e
n/anoeeaoth aeeciue iiae naiueth caeiiia, ai anyeii neo/aa iie aeeee au
a iauanoaa n aieueoae e?aeinoueth, /ai ?aeeaeiciua oaiaoeee. Aieueoa?
an? a?aiy n?aaieaaao aoaeci e noaaa?ea, e i?aaeeaaaao /eo/oaeth eca?aoue
iaiueoaa cei, a oi a?aiy eae nai ii naeaeae naie auai? a iieueco
aoaecia.

Eiia/ii, ianiio?y ia yoi, iaeuecy iacaaoue Aieueoa?a iiai?ieeii
aoaenoe/aneeo eaeae, ii aai ioiioaiea e Aiao e ?aeeaee oaeiai, /oi
Aieueoa?a iiaeii ioianoe e oai iuneeoaeyi, eioi?ua oae aei eiioea e ia
ii?aaeaeeeenue a nai?i ioiioaiee e aa?a. Oai ia iaiaa, iiaeii neacaoue,
/oi Aieueoa? no?iai ?aca?aie/eaaao aa?o a Aiaa e ?aeeaeth. Ii n/eoaao,
/oi aoaeci eo/oa neaiie aa?u, niiniaiie ii?iaeeoue ia i?inoi noaaa?ea, a
i?aae?annoaeee, aeiaaae?iiua aei aano?aea, a eiaiii oaiaoeci e
?aeeaeicioth iaoa?ieiinoue. “Aoaeci e oaiaoeci – aeaa /oaeeua, niiniaiua
?aciae?aoue ia /anoe e iiae?aoue iauanoai, iaeiaei aoaeci a nai?i
caaeoaeaeaiee nio?aiyao naie ?acoi, au?uaathuee coau ec aai ianoe,
oaiaoeci aea ii?aae?i aacoieai, yoe coau iooa/eaathuei.” Aoaeci iiaeao,
naiia aieueoaa, iicaieeoue nouanoaiaaoue iauanoaaiiui aeia?iaeaoaeyi a
niieieiie /anoiie aeecia, iaeiaei, n?aaee ao?ue aeecie iauanoaaiiie ii
aeieaeai i?eaiaeeoue e anaaiciiaeiui ceiaeaenoaai. “Aoaenou, aea?aeauea
a naieo ?oeao aeanoue, auee au noieue aea ceiaaue aeey /aeiaa/anoaa, eae
e noaaa?iua ethaee. ?acoi i?ioyaeaaao iai nianeoaeueioth ?oeo a auai?a
iaaeaeo aeaoiy yoeie /oaeeuaie.” Auaiae i/aaeaeai, oae eae ecaanoii, /oi
Aieueoa? i?aauoa anaai oeaiee ?acoi e eiaiii aai n/eoae iniiaie anaai.

Oaeei ia?acii, aoaeci Aieueoa?a – yoi ia i?eau/iue iao aoaeci,
eaoaai?e/anee io?eoeathuee nouanoaiaaiea Aiaa e anaai oiai, /oi
iaaeinooiii /aeiaa/aneiio ?acoio, a nei?aa i?inoi auai? ec aeaoo cie
iaiueoaai, i?e/?i auai? yoio Aieueoa? nii?iaiaeaeaao aeiaieueii-oaee
oaaaeeoaeueiuie aeieacaoaeuenoaaie oiai, /oi eiaiii yoi cei yaeyaony
iaiueoei.

*anoue 2.

Eiia/ii e iaoa?eaeeci Aieueoa?a oiaea ia anoue iaoa?eaeeci a i?yiii
niunea yoiai neiaa. I?inoi Aieueoa?, ?aciuoeyy iaae oai, /oi anoue
iaoa?ey, eaeiaa a? ?ieue a ie?iaicc?aie e o.i. a eoiaa ia/eiaao
i?eaea?aeeaaoueny acaeyaeia, eioi?ua a /?i-oi niaiaaeaee ni acaeyaeaie
iaoa?eaeenoia (a /anoiinoe, Aieueoa? aue iieiinoueth niaeanai n oai, /oi
iaoa?ey aa/ia), a a /?i-oi ioee/aeenue io ieo: Aieueoa? ia niaeanai n
oai, /oi iaoa?ey ia?ae/ia e n/eoaao, /oi oieueei ionoia i?ino?ainoai
nouanoaoao iaiaoiaeeii, a iaoa?ey – aeaaiaea?y aiea Aiaa, oae eae
i?ino?ainoai – iaiaoiaeeiia n?aaenoai nouanoaiaaiey Aiaa. “Ie? eiia/ai,
anee nouanoaoao ionoia i?ino?ainoai, cia/eo iaoa?ey nouanoaoao ia
iaiaoiaeeii e iieo/eea nai? nouanoaiaaiea io i?iecaieueiie i?e/eiu.”

Aieueoa? ia niaeanai n oai, /oi anoue iaeay ia?ae/iay iaoa?ey, niiniaiay
ia?aciauaaoue ethaua oi?iu e ninoaaeythuay anth Anaeaiioth, oae eaeia
iia i?aaenoaaeoue naaa “iaiau?iiie eaeae i?ioyae?iiie noanoaioeee
iai?iieoeaaiie e ia eiathuae i/a?oaiee, ia i?eycuaay naith iuneue e
ianeo, cieioo eo.ae. E anee au oaeay iaoa?ey nouanoaiaaea, oi ia auei au
i?e/ei,/oiau ec c??ai au?anoaee, iai?eia?, eeou.” Oai ia iaiaa, eae oaea
auei neacaii auoa, Aieueoa?, eae e iaoa?eaeenou, n/eoae, /oi iaoa?ey
aa/ia, ii aeaaae yoiio nai? iauyniaiea. Ii aai neiaai aa/iinoue iaoa?ee
neaaeoao ec oiai, /oi “iao ieeaeie i?e/eiu, ii eioi?ie iia ia
nouanoaiaaea au ?aiaa”, Aia oai?ee ie? ia ec ie/aai, a ec iaoa?ee, a
“ie?, a eaeii au iaeeea ii ia yaeyeny, noieue aea aa/ai, eae e Nieioea.”
“ss aini?eieiath anaeaiioth aa/iie, eai iia ia iiaea ia?aciaaoueny ec
iaauoey …, ecie/aai ie/oi ia i?ienoiaeeo.” Iineaaeiyy o?aca – naiay
oieaa?naeueiay ec aeneii Aieueoa?a. Iaoa?ey ia?ac?uaii naycaia n
aeaeaeaieai, ii Aieueoa? n/eoaao iaoa?eth eia?oiie iannie, iia iiaeao
eeoue nio?aiyoue e iaia?aaeaaaoue aeaeaeaiea, a ia auoue aai enoi/ieeii,
neaaeiaaoaeueii aeaeaeaiea ia aa/ii. Anee au iaoa?ey “eiaea naia ii naaa
oioue iaeaeoaa aeaeaeaiea, yoi aeaeaeaiea auei au ae aioo?aiia i?enoua,
a a yoii neo/aa iaee/ea a iae iieiy ieacaeinue au i?ioeai?a/eai.” Yoi –
iaeei ec a?aoiaioia, eioi?ua auneacuaae Aieueoa? i?ioea aoaecia, oae eae
ec yoiai neaaeoao, /oi ?ac iaoa?ey ia iiaeao aeaeaaoueny naia ii naaa,
cia/eo iia iieo/aao aeaeaeaiea ecaia, ii ia io iaoa?ee, a io
eiaoa?eaeueiiai nouanoaa, eiei yaeyaony Aia. Ii Aieueoa? ia i?eaiaeeo
a?aoiaioia i?ioea aeiaiaea i oii, /oi aeaeaeaiea aaniethoii, a iieie aea
ioiineoaeai. Ianiio?y ia ana i?aaeuaeouea aeiaiaeu, Aieueoa?o, a eiioea
eiioeia, i?eoeinue i?eciaoue, /oi aeaeaeaiea aa/ii, oae eae ie iaeei
caeii i?e?iaeu ia aeaenoaoao aac aeaeaeaiey, a ana nouanoaa aac
eneeth/aiey iiae/eiythony “aa/iui caeiiai”. Oaeei ia?acii, iaeuecy
iacaaoue Aieueoa?a iaoa?eaeenoii, ii e aiai?eoue i oii. /oi
iaoa?eaeenoe/aneea eaeae aio /oaeaeu, – a?aoeoue i?ioea enoeiu.

E oiio aea a naieo noaeaeaieyo i aeooa Aieueoa? iaaeaeaei oo?e io
iaoa?eaeenoia: ii ia niaeanai n oaa?aeaeaieai i oii, /oi /aeiaae ninoieo
ec aeaoo nouiinoae – iaoa?ee e aeooa, ia eiathueo ie/aai iauaai iaaeaeo
niaie e niaaeei?iiuo oieueei aeaaiaea?y aiea Aiaa. Ii Aieueoa?o /aeiaae
iuneeo ia aeooie, a oaeii, neaaeiaaoaeueii aeooa nia?oia e ia yaeyaony
noanoaioeeae. Aeooa – yoi niiniaiinoue, naienoaa iaoaai i?aaiecia.
Aiiaua, a naieo ?annoaeaeaieyo i aeooa Aieueoa? aeecie e iaoa?iaeenoai.
“Niiniaiinoue /oanoaiaaoue. i?eiiieiaoue, ni/aoaoue eaeae – e anoue oi,
/oi eiaiotho aeooie.” Iaeiaei Aieueoa? ia io?eoeaao aiciiaeiinoe
nouanoaiaaiey ia?ac?ooeiie aeooe. Ii ieoao: “ss ia iiao iiciaoue eo
(Aiaa e aeooe) noanoaioeeth.” A?yae ee ii neo/aeii oii?aaeyao caeanue
oa?iei “noanoaioeey” aeey aeooe. ?aiueoa ii yoi eaoaai?e/anee ioaa?aae.
Aeooa, ii iiaieth Aieueoa?a, – yoi ia oanoia /oanoai, oae eae ai nia iu
ia eiaai eaeae e /oanoa, neaaeiaaoaeueii iia ia iaoa?eaeueia. Iaoa?ey
eiaao i?ioyae?iiinoue e ieioiinoue e aeieaeia auea au iuneeoue e
/oanoaiaaoue iinoiyiii. Aeooa – ia /anoue anaeaineie aeooe, oae eae
anaeaineay aeooa yoi Aia, a /anoue Aiaa – oiaea aiaeanoai, ii /aeiaae ni
naiae aeooie neeoeii neaa e ia?acoiai. Aeooe ia iiaeao auoue, oae eae
ana ana iaoe niiniaiinoe e aeaeaeaieth, iuoeaieth, aieaeceeyieth aeaiu
iai Aiai, eo “ iu iiaeai eiaiiaaoue aeooith, e iu iaeaaeaai iioaioeeae
iuneeoue, ia eiay aeooe, eae iu eiaai iioaioeeth i?iecaiaeeoue
aeaeaeaiea, ia aoaeo/e yoei aeaeaeaieai naie.” Aieueoa? /eoaao, /oi
aeooa nia?oia, oioy e i?ecia?o, /oi ia iiaeao yoiai aeieacaoue, /oi ia
iaoaao aio ec-ca ionoonoaey aeieacaoaeuenoa ia aa?eoue a ia?anaeaiea
aeoo. Aieueoa? ia ciaao, naeaeae ee aia oae, /oi aeooa /aeiaaea
aannia?oia. Ii /oiau /aeiaae (niaieoiiinoue oaea e aeooe) noae
aannia?oiui, ioaeii, /oiau iinea nia?oe ii nio?aiee “ naie i?aaiu, naith
iaiyoue … -ana niiniaiinoe.” A yoiai ia i?ienoiaeeo, neaaeiaaoaeueii,
aannia?oea ia?aaeueii. Oaeei ia?acii, aeaeii, /oi ii naiei ?aciuoeaieyi
i aeooa e iaoa?ee Aieueoa? iaoiaeeony aaea-oi iaaeaeo eaeaaeenoaie e
iaoa?eaeenoaie. Aai oi/ea c?aiey ia iiaeao auoue ioianaia ie e iaeiiio,
ie e ae?oaiio iai?aaeaieth, iiiaea io i?eaaae?iiuo auneacuaaiee
nouanoaaiii ioee/athony io iauai?eiyoiai iiaiey. Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi
Aieueoa?, iuoaynue iniuneeoue aeey naay oaeea oeeinianeea iiiyoey, eae
aeooa, iaoa?ey, aeaeaeaiea e o.i., aeiaieueii-oaee aeecie e
iaoa?eaeenoai, oioy ii e n/eoaao aeooo e iuoeaiea aea?ii Aiaeueei: “Aia
ono?iee oaei aeey iuoeaiey oi/ii oaeaea, eae ono?iee aai aeey aaeu e
ia?aaa?eaaiey ieue. Iunee e /oanoaa – oiaea aiaeee aea?, oae eae iu
iuneei e /oanoaoai ai nia, eiaaea ia eiio?iee?oai nai? iiaaaeaiea.” “Iie
iunee ia eaeoo io iaiy … e y i?aeeiiythnue ia?aae Aiai, iieiaathuei
iia iuneeoue, ia ciay i?e yoii, eaeei ia?acii y iuneth.” Iuneue o
Aieueoa?a – ia oai?aiea iaoa?ee, oae eae iia ia iaeaaeaao a? naienoaaie
(ae?iaeoueny, iai?eia?,), neaaeiaaoaeueii yoi ia anoue neiaeiay iaoa?ey,
iia- oai?aiea Aiaa. Ana /anoe /aeiaa/aneiai oaea niiniaiu ia iuouaiey, e
iaca/ai eneaoue a i?i noanoaioeeth, eioi?ay au /oanoaiaaea aianoi iaai.
“ss niaa?oaiii ia iiieiath, n iiiiuueth eaeiai eneonnoaa aeaeaeaiey,
/oanoaa, eaeae iaiyoue e ?annoaeaeaiea ?aciauathony a yoii eoni/ea
i?aaieciaaiiie iaoa?ee, ii y yoi aeaeo e nai aeey naay yaeythnue oiio
aeieacaoaeuenoaii.” ?aciiia?acea /aeiaa/aneeo /oanoa, eae n/eoaao
Aieueoa?, – yoi aiana ia neaaenoaea oiai, /oi o ian ianeieueei aeoo,
eaaeaeie ec eioi?uo iu niiniaiu /oanoaiaaoue /oi-oi iaeii, a neaaenoaea
oiai, /oi /aeiaae iiiaaeaao a ?acee/iua ianoiyoaeuenoaa.

Aiiaua, /oanoaa o Aieueoa?a caieiatho aeaeaei ia iineaaeiaa ianoi a aai
?annoaeaeaieyo ia iniiaiuo oeeinianeeo iiiyoeyo, oaeeo eae “eaeae”,
“i?eioeeiu”, “aeia?i”, “naiaiaea”. Iai?eia?, ii ieoao, /oi ana eaeae iu
iieo/aai i?e iiiiue /oanoa io aiaoieo iauaeoia, oi anoue o ian iao ie
a?iaeae?iiuo eaeae, ie a?iaeae?iiuo i?eioeeiia. “Eaeae – io /oanoaa
iiuoa,” – aio eiioeaioeey, auaeaeiooay Aieueoa?ii, i?e/?i /oanoaa
anaaaea aeinoiaa?iu, ii /oiau auianoe i?aaeeueiia noaeaeaiea,
ii?aaeaeaiea, iaaei aini?eiyoue aai ia iaeiei, a eae ieieioi
ianeieueeeie /oanoaaie.

Ianiio?y ia aaaeioth ?ieue, ioaiaeeioth Aieueoa?ii /oanoaai, ii, noaey
ii anaio, noaaeo iuneue auoa: “ss i?eciath, /oi ia eueuo naaa iuneueth,
aoaeoi au y eiae eaeae a oii neo/aa, anee au anaaaea aue eeo?i anao iieo
iyoe /oanoa; ii iaiy ia oaaaeyo a oii, /oi iiy iuneaiiay niiniaiinoue –
neaaenoaea iyoe iauaaeei?iiuo iioaioeee, iineieueeo y i?iaeieaeath
aeoiaoue e oiaaea, eiaaea oa?yth eo iaeio ca ae?oaie.” Iaoeie ia?auie
eaeayie yaeythony iaoe iuouaiey, iioii iiyaeythony neiaeiua eaeae ec
iuouaiee e iaiyoe (iaiyoue – niiniaiinoue oaycuaaoue iiiyoey e ia?acu “e
naycuaaoue n ieie iiia/aeo eaeie-oi iaaieueoie niune”), caoai iu
iiae/eiyai eo iauei eaeayi. Eoae, “ana iaoe?iua iiciaiey /aeiaaea
auoaeatho ec aaeeinoaaiiie yoie niiniaiinoe ni/aoaoue e oii?yaei/eaaoue
oaeei ia?acii iaoe eaeae.”

Eae oaea aiai?eeinue, iniiaiay oeaeue Aieueoa?a – eco/aoue oi, /oi aio
aeinooiii. Iiyoiio, eco/ay eaeae, /oanoaa, iuoeaiea e o.i., ii oieueei
aeaeaao iiiuoeo iauynieoue eae iie acaeiinaycaiu e, ii aiciiaeiinoe,
onoaiiaeoue eo enoi/iee, ii ii n/eoaao, /oi “caaeaaaoueny aii?inii,
eaeei ia?acii iu iuneei e /oanoaoai, e eae iaoe aeaeaeaiey iiae/eiythony
iaoae aiea”, oi anoue iaoaieciu aicieeiiaaiey eaeae e /oanoa, – “cia/eo
auiuouaaoue o Oai?oea aai oaeio.”

Aieueoie eioa?an i?aaenoaaeytho aieueoa?ianeea ?aciuoeaiey i aeecie,
iainiiaiuo i?eioeeiao a? ono?ienoaa, i /aeiaaea e iauanoaa. Caeanue aai
acaeyaeu aanueia i?ia?anneaiu (anoanoaaiii, aeey oiai a?aiaie, oae eae
nae/an ecaanoiu e aieaa niaeua eaeae).

Any iaoa aeeciue – “oaeiaieuenoaea e no?aaeaiea”, eioi?ua aeaiu iai io
Aiaa, oae eae iu naie ia iiaeai auoue i?e/eiie nianoaaiiuo no?aaeaiee.
Oioy ethaee e n/eoatho, /oi an? aeaeatho ni?aaaaeeeai e ?acoiii, eo
iinooieaie ai anao neo/ayo aeecie ?oeiaiaeeo ?ooeia; ?aciuoeaieth aea
iie iau/ii i?aaeathony e?aeia ?aaeei, ii iniaui neo/ayi e, eae i?aaeei,
eiaaea ia iaai oaea ia inoaeinue a?aiaie. Aeaaea oa aeaenoaey, eioi?ua
eaaeoony neaaenoaeai ainieoaiey e ia?aciaaiiinoe oia, “ssaeythony ia
naiii aeaea einoeieoaie. Ana ethaee euoo oaeiaieuenoaee, oieueei oa, eoi
eiaao aieaa a?oaua i?aaiu /oanoa, euoo iuouaiee, a eioi?uo aeooa ia
i?eieiaao o/anoey; oa aea, eoi iaeaaeaao aieaa ooii/?iiuie /oanoaaie,
no?aiyony e aieaa ecyuiui caaaaai.”

Ana iinooiee ethaeae Aieueoa? iauyniyao ethaiaueth e naaa, eioi?ay
“noieue aea iaiaoiaeeia /aeiaaeo, neieue e?iaue, oaeouay a aai aeeeao”,
a niaethaeaiea nianoaaiiuo eioa?ania ii n/eoaao aeaeaaoaeai aeecie. Iaoa
naiiethaea “iiaeneacuaaao iai oaaaeaiea e naiiethaeth ae?oaeo ethaeae.
Caeii iai?aaeyao yoo ethaiaue e naaa, ?aeeaey a? niaa?oainoaoao.” Iiaeao
iieacaoueny, /oi Aieueoa?, aiiaua aiai?y, iaaunieiai iiaiey i ethaeyo,
oae eae ana eo iinooiee ii iauyniyao ieciaiiuie i?e/eiaie, ii, ii-iiaio,
ii an?-oaee i?aa. Aaaeue iauyniyy iaoe iinooiee no?aieaieai e
oaeiaieuenoaeth, ii ia noaaeo aai oeaeueth anae aeecie. E oiio aea,
Aieueoa? oaaaeae?i, /oi a eaaeaeii /aeiaaea caeiaeaii /oanoai
ii?yaei/iinoe “a aeaea iaeioi?iai i?ioeaiyaeey io anao yaeia, eioi?uie
aai io?aaeytho”; a /oiau auoue n/anoeeaui, aiana ia iaycaoaeueii
i?aaeaaaoueny ii?ieai, nei?aa iaiai?io, “iiaeaaeyy naie ii?iee iu
aeinoeaaai niieienoaey, ooaoeoaeueiiai naeaeaoaeuenoaa nianoaaiiie
niaanoe; ioaeaaaynue ii?ieai, iu oo?a/eaaai iieie e caei?iauea.”
Aieueoa? ?ucaeaeyao ethaeae ia aeaa eeanna: “aea?oaothuei naiei
naayethaeai aeaao iauanoaa” e “iieiue na?iae, aethae?iiue eeoue a naiiai
naay.”

?anniao?eaay /aeiaaea, eae iauanoaaiiia nouanoai, Aieueoa? ieoao, /oi
“/aeiaae ia iioiaeeo ia ae?oaeo aeeaioiuo, eiathueo eeoue einoeieo
ethaae e naaa”, aeey /aeiaaea “oa?aeoa?ia e anoanoaaiiay
aeaaiaeaeaoaeueiinoue, ia caia/aiiay o aeeaioiuo.” Iaeiaei, /anoi o
/aeiaaea ethaiaue e naaa neeueiaa aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiinoe, ii, a eiioea
eiioeia, iaee/ea o aeeaioiuo ?acoia aanueia niiieoaeueii, a eiaiii “yoe
aai (Aiaa) aea?u: ?acoi, ethaiaue e naaa, aeia?iaeaeaoaeuenoai e iniayi
iaoaai aeaea, iio?aaiinoe no?anoe – nooue n?aaenoa, n iiiiuueth eieo iu
o/?aaeeee iauanoai.” Ie iaeii /aeiaa/aneia iauanoai ia iiaeao
nouanoaiaaoue ie aaeeiiai aeiy aac i?aaee. Aio iaiaoiaeeiu caeiiu, oae
eae Aieueoa? n/eoaao, /oi aeaai iauanoaa yaeyaony aaeeinoaaiiie ia?ie
i?aanoaaiiiai aeia?a e cea, e oaea?aeaoue /aeiaaea io niaa?oaiey
aioeiauanoaaiiuo iinooieia iiaeao oieueei aiyciue ea?u caeiiia. Oai ia
iaiaa, Aieueoa? n/eoaao, /oi iiieii caeiiia iaiaoiaeeia ae?i a Aiaa,
oioy iia e ieacuaaao iaeia aeeyiea ia aeeciue. Nouanoaiaaiea iauanoaa
aoaenoia iaeiaa?iyoii iioiio, /oi ethaee, ia eiathuea ocaeu ia niiniaiu
e ninouanoaiaaieth: caeiiu aanneeueiu i?ioea oaeiuo i?anooieaiee, e
ioaeii, /oiau “aia-inoeoaeue” ea?ae oao, eoi oneieuecioe io
/aeiaa/aneiai i?aainoaeey. I?e yoii iaiaoiaeeiinoue aa?u ia icia/aao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?aeeaee (aniiiiei, /oi Aieueoa? anaaaea ?acaeaeye aa?o e
?aeeaeth).

Aieueoa? ioiaeaeanoaeyao iiaeiiaaiea Aiao e caeiiai: “ae?aaiyy iaeneia
aeaneea, /oi neaaeoao iiaeiiaaoueny ia ethaeyi, ii Aiao; oaia?ue i?eiyoi
i?ioeaiiieiaeiia i?aaenoaaeaiea, a eiaiii, /oi iiaeiiaaoueny Aiao
icia/aao neaaeiaaoue caeiiai no?aiu. Ae?oaia aeaei, /oi caeiiu iiaoo
auoue ianiaa?oaiiu eee i?aaeoaeue iiaeao ieacaoueny ieioei, ii ca ieioia
i?aaeaiea ethaee aeieaeiu ?oaaoue eeoue naay e iaaiaeiua caeiiu,
o/?aaeae?iiua eie, eeai iaaeinoaoie o naay niaeinoe, iaoathuee ei
canoaaeoue ae?oaeo auiieiyoue caeiiu oi?ioea.” A anee aeanoeoaeue
ceioiio?aaeyao aeanoueth, oi yoi aeia ethaeae, oa?iyueo aai i?aaeaiea. E
anee oaeia eiaao ianoi, oi yoi oioy e ieioi aeey ethaeae, ii aac?acee/ii
aeey Aiaa. Aii?aee iauai?eiyoiio iiaieth, Aieueoa? anaaaea ooaa?aeaeae,
/oi iiia?o- ia iiiacaiiee aiaeee: “ioiioaiey /aeiaaea e /aeiaaeo
ian?aaieiu n ioiioaieai oai?aiey e aa?oiaiiio nouanoao,… ii/eoaoue
Aiaa a iaeeea iiia?oa – eiuoinoai.” Aiiaua, Aieueoa? ia aeaeae
iaiaoiaeeiinoe a nouanoaiaaiee iiia?oa (eee iiaeiaiiai aio i?aaeoaey).
Ii ienae, iai?eia?, /oi oi?ia i?aaeaiey, i?eiyoay a Aiaeee, ai?acaei
i?ia?anneaiaa, /ai ai O?aioeee, e iiyoiio aunooiae i?ioea ?aaiethoeee ai
O?aioeee, oae eae “oi, /oi a Aiaeee noaiiaeony ?aaiethoeeae, a ae?oaeo
no?aiao yaeyaony eeoue iyoaaeii.”

Caeeth/aiea.

Eoae, anee iiaeaanoe eoia anaio iaienaiiiio, iiaeii neacaoue, /oi
acaeyaeu Aieueoa?a a iniiaiii auee aanueia i?ia?anneaiu e iiau aeey aai
a?aiaie, iiiaea ec ieo oee a ?ac?ac n iauanoaaiiui iiaieai.

Aieueoa? iaeiei ec ia?auo ai O?aioeee ia/ae i?aoai?youe a aeeciue
iiceoeaioth i?ia?aiio, caeiaeaiioth Eieeii a ni/eiaiee “Iiuo i
/aeiaa/aneii ?acoia”. Eiaiii ?acoi Aieueoa? n/eoae iniiaie anaai e
eiaiii e iaio ii ia?auaeny, auneacuaay naith oi/eo c?aiey e naie
noaeaeaiey. Aieueoa? ia iuoaaony ?acuynieoue oi, /aai ia a ninoiyiee
iinoeaiooue ?acoi. Iiaeao auoue iiyoiio aai oeeinioneea acaeyaeu ieacaee
ia?iiiia aeeyiea ia i?ia?anneaii iano?iaiiua oiu Aa?iiu.

NIENIE ENIIEUeCIAAIIIE EEOA?AOO?U.

1. Aieueoa?. Oeeinioneea ni/eiaiey. Iineaa, Iaoea, 1989.

2. A?oaiiiia N.Ae. Aieueoa? e aai aae. Iineaa, I?inaauaiea, 1980.

3. Aoeiiaa A.A. Aieueoa?. Iineaa, 1970.

4. Oeeinioneee neiaa?ue. O?ieia E.A. Iineaa, 1986.

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