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Философия Л.Н. Толстого

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Niaea?aeaiea

TOC \o “1-3” Aaaaeaiea GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447944 PAGEREF
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Aoi?ia ?iaeaeaiea Oienoiai GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447945 PAGEREF
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*oi ne?uoi ca aii?inii i niunea aeecie? GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447946
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Aia, naiaiaea, aeia?i GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447947 PAGEREF
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Iyoue caiiaaaeae o?enoeainoaa GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447948 PAGEREF
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Iai?ioeaeaiea eae i?iyaeaiea caeiia ethaae GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447949
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Iai?ioeaeaiea anoue caeii GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447950 PAGEREF
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Ii/aio ethaee aea?aeaony ca noa?ia? GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447951
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Caeeth/aiea GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447952 PAGEREF _Toc355447952 12

Eniieueciaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a GOTOBUTTON _Toc355447953 PAGEREF
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Aaaaeaiea

N oi/ee c?aiey ?onneiai ienaoaey e iuneeoaey E. I. Oienoiai (1828–1910)
ae?aiaoeci /aeiaa/aneiai auoey ninoieo a i?ioeai?a/ee iaaeaeo
iaioa?aoeiinoueth nia?oe e i?enouae /aeiaaeo aeaaeaeie aannia?oey.
Aiieiuaieai yoiai i?ioeai?a/ey yaeyaony aii?in i niunea aeecie – aii?in,
eioi?ue iiaeii au?aceoue oae: “Anoue ee a iiae aeecie oaeie niune,
eioi?ue ia oie/oiaeaeny au iaecaaaeii i?aaenoiyuae iia nia?oueth?”*.
Oienoie n/eoaao, /oi aeeciue /aeiaaea iaiieiyaony niuneii a oie ia?a, a
eaeie ii iiae/eiyao aa eniieiaieth aiee Aiaa, a aiey Aiaa aeaia iai eae
caeii ethaae, i?ioeainoiyuee caeiio ianeeey. Caeii ethaae iieiae e
oi/iae anaai ?acaa?ioo a caiiaaaeyo O?enoa. *oiau nianoe naay, naith
aeooo, /oiau i?eaeaoue aeecie niune /aeiaae aeieaeai ia?anoaoue aeaeaoue
cei, niaa?oaoue ianeeea, ia?anoaoue ?ac e iaanaaaea e i?aaeaea anaai
oiaaea, eiaaea ii nai noaiiaeony iauaeoii cea e ianeeey. Ia ioaa/aoue
ceii ia cei, ia i?ioeaeoueny ceo ianeeeai – oaeiaa iniiaa aeeciao/aiey
Eueaa Ieeieaaae/a Oienoiai.

?aeeaee e oaia iai?ioeaeaiey a oie eee eiie oi?ia iinayuaii ana
oai?/anoai Oienoiai iinea 1878 aiaea. Niioaaonoaothuea i?iecaaaeaiey
iiaeii iiae?acaeaeeoue ia /aou?a oeeeea: eniiaaaeaeueiue – “Eniiaaaeue”
(1879–1881), “A /ai iiy aa?a?”(1884); oai?aoe/aneee – “*oi oaeia ?aeeaey
e a /ai nouiinoue aa?” (1884), “Oea?noai Aiaeea aioo?e aan” (1890–1893),
“Caeii ianeeey e caeii ethaae” (1908); ioaeeoeenoe/aneee – “Ia oaee”
(1900), “Ia iiao iie/aoue” (1908); ooaeiaeanoaaiiue – “Nia?oue Eaaia
Eeuee/a” (1886), “E?aeoea?iaa niiaoa” (1887–1879), “Aine?anaiea”
(1889–1899), “Ioaoe Na?aee” (1898).

Aoi?ia ?iaeaeaiea Oienoiai

Niciaoaeueiay aeeciue Oienoiai – anee n/eoaoue, /oi iia ia/aeanue n 18
eao – iiae?acaeaeyaony ia aeaa ?aaiua iieiaeiu ii 32 aiaea, ec eioi?uo
aoi?ay ioee/aaony io ia?aie eae aeaiue io ii/e. ?a/ue eaeao ia
eciaiaiee, eioi?ia yaeyaony iaeiia?aiaiii aeooiaiui i?inaaoeaieai – i
?aaeeeaeueiie niaia i?aanoaaiiuo iniia aeecie. A ni/eiaiee “A /ai iiy
aa?a?” Oienoie ieoao: “Oi, /oi i?aaeaea eacaeinue iia oi?ioi,
iieacaeinue aeo?ii, e oi, /oi i?aaeaea eacaeinue aeo?ii, iieacaeinue
oi?ioi. Ni iiie neo/eeinue oi, /oi neo/aaony n /aeiaaeii, eioi?ue auoae
ca aeaeii e aae?oa aei?iaie ?aoee, /oi aeaei yoi aio nianai ia ioaeii, –
e iiaa?ioe aeiiie. E ana, /oi auei ni?aaa, – noaei neaaa, e ana, /oi
auei neaaa, – noaei ni?aaa”.

Ia?aay iieiaeia aeecie Eueaa Oienoiai, ii anai iauai?eiyoui e?eoa?eyi,
neiaeeeanue i/aiue oaea/ii, n/anoeeai. A?ao ii ?iaeaeaieth, ii iieo/ee
oi?ioaa ainieoaiea e aiaaoia ianeaaenoai. A aeeciue ii anooiee eae
oeie/iue i?aaenoaaeoaeue aunoae ciaoe. O iaai auea aoeiay ?acaoeueiay
iieiaeinoue. A 1851–1854 aiaeao neoaeee ia Eaaeaca, a 1854–1855 aiaeao
o/anoaiaae a iai?iia Naaanoiiiey. Iaeiaei aai iniiaiui caiyoeai noaea
ienaoaeueneay aeayoaeueiinoue. Oioy iiaanoe e ?anneacu i?eiineee neaao
Oienoiio, a aieueoea aiii?a?u oe?aieyee ninoiyiea, oai ia iaiaa aai
ienaoaeueneay aa?a noaea iiae?uaaoueny. Ii oaeaeae, /oi ienaoaee ea?atho
ia naith nianoaaiioth ?ieue: iie o/ao, ia ciay, /aio o/eoue, e
iai?a?uaii nii?yo iaaeaeo niaie i oii, /uey i?aaaea auoa, a o?oaea naiai
iie aeaeaeeiu ei?unoiuie iioeaaie a aieueoae ia?a, /ai iau/iua ethaee,
ia i?aoaiaeothuea ia ?ieue ianoaaieeia iauanoaa. Ia ioeacaaoenue io
ienaoaeuenoaa, ii inoaaee ienaoaeueneoth n?aaeo e iinea iieoaiaeiaiai
caa?aie/iiai iooaoanoaey (1857) caiyeny iaaeaaiae/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoueth n?aaee e?anoueyi (1858–1863). A oa/aiea aiaea
(1861–1862) neoaeee ie?iaui iin?aaeieeii a nii?ao iaaeaeo e?anoueyiaie e
iiiaueeaie. Ie/oi ia i?eiineei Oienoiio iieiiai oaeiaeaoai?aiey.
?aci/a?iaaiey, eioi?ua nii?iaiaeaeaee eaaeaeoth aai aeayoaeueiinoue,
noaee enoi/ieeii ia?anoathuaai aioo?aiiaai niyoaiey, io eioi?iai ie/oi
ia iiaei nianoe. Ia?anoaaoee aeooiaiue e?ecen i?eaae e ?aceiio e
iaia?aoeiiio ia?aai?ioo a ie?iaicc?ai/aneeo acaeyaeao Oienoiai. Yoio
ia?aai?io yaeeny ia/aeii aoi?ie iieiaeiu aeecie.

Aoi?ay iieiaeia niciaoaeueiie aeecie E. I. Oienoiai yaeeanue io?eoeaieai
ia?aie. Ii i?eoae e auaiaeo, /oi ii, eae e aieueoeinoai ethaeae, aeee
aeeciueth, eeoaiiie niunea – aeee aeey naay. Ana, /oi ii oeaiee –
oaeiaieuenoaey, neaaa, aiaaonoai, – iiaeaa?aeaii oeaio e caaaaieth. “ss,
– ieoao Oienoie, – eae aoaeoi aeee-aeee, oae-oae e i?eoae e i?iianoe e
ynii oaeaeae, /oi aia?aaee ie/aai iao, e?iia iiaeaaee”. Eiaeiuie
yaeythony ia oa eee eiua oaae a aeecie, a naii aa iai?aaeaiea, oa aa?a,
oi/iaa aacaa?ea, eioi?ia eaaeeo a aa iniiaaiee. A /oi aea ia eiaeue, /oi
ia noaoa? Ioaao ia yoio aii?in Oienoie iaoae a o/aiee O?enoa. Iii o/eo,
/oi /aeiaae aeieaeai neoaeeoue oiio, eoi iineae aai a yoio ie? – Aiao e
a naieo i?inouo caiiaaaeyo iieacuaaao, eae yoi aeaeaoue.

Oienoie i?iaoaeeeny e iiaie aeecie. Na?aeoeai, oiii e aieae ii i?eiye
i?ia?aiio O?enoa e iinayoee naie neeu oeaeeeii oiio, /oiau neaaeiaaoue
ae, iainiiauaaoue e i?iiiaaaeiaaoue aa.

Aii?in i oii, /ai auea iaoneiaeaia noieue ?aceay ia?aiaia aeeciaonoiaa
E. I. Oienoiai ia eiaao oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiiai iauyniaiey iaeiaei
iaeioi?ua i?aaeiieiaeaiey iiaeii naeaeaoue ia iniiaa aai i?iecaaaeaiee.

Aeooiaiia iaiiaeaiea ee/iinoe yaeyaony iaeiie ec oeaio?aeueiuo oai
iineaaeiaai ?iiaia Oienoiai “Aine?anaiea” (1899), iaienaiiiai ei a
ia?eiae, eiaaea ii aiieia noae o?enoeaieiii e iai?ioeaeaioeai. Aeaaiue
aa?ie eiycue Iaoethaeia ieacuaaaony i?enyaeiui ii aeaeo aeaaooee,
iaaeiyaiie a oaeenoaa, a eioi?ie ii ociaao Eaothoo Ianeiao –
niaeaciaiioth ei iaeiaaea e a?ioaiioth ai?ie/ioth naieo oaoooae. Yoio
oaeo ia?aaa?ioe aeeciue Iaoethaeiaa. Ii oaeaeae naith ee/ioth aeio a
iaaeaiee Eaothoe Ianeiaie e aeio naiaai eeanna a iaaeaiee ieeeeiiia
oaeeo Eaotho. “Aia, aeeaoee a iai, i?inioeny a aai niciaiee”, e
Iaoethaeia ia?ae oo oi/eo iaci?a, eioi?ay iicaieeea ii-iiaiio acaeyiooue
ia aeeciue naith e ie?oaeathueo e auyaeoue aa iieioth aioo?aiithth
oaeueoue. Iio?yn?iiue Iaoethaeia ii?aae ni naiae n?aaeie e iiaoae aneaae
ca Ianeiaie ia eaoi?ao. Nea/eiia?aciia i?aa?auaiea Iaoethaeiaa ec
aa?eia, eaaeiiuneaiiiai i?iaeeaaoaey aeecie a ene?aiiaai o?enoeaieia
ia/aeinue a oi?ia aeoaieiai ?aneayiey, i?iaoaeeaoaeny niaanoe e
nii?iaiaeaeaeinue iai?yaeaiiie oinoaaiiie ?aaioie. E?iia oiai, a
ee/iinoe Iaoethaeiaa Oienoie auaeaeyao ii e?aeiae ia?a aeaa
i?aaeiinueee, aeaaii?eyonoaiaaaoea oaeiio i?aia?aaeaieth, – ino?ue,
iuoeeaue oi, /ooei oeene?iaaaoee eiaeue e eeoeaia?ea a /aeiaa/aneeo
ioiioaieyo, a oaeaea y?ei au?aaeaiiay neeiiiinoue e ia?aiaiai. Aoi?ia
iniaaiii aaaeii: “Eaaeaeue /aeiaae iineo a naaa ca/aoee anao ethaeneeo
naienoa e eiiaaea i?iyaeyao iaeie, eiiaaea ae?oaea e auaaao /anoi nianai
ia iioiae ia naay, inoaaaynue ana iaaeaeo oai iaeiei e naiei niaith. O
iaeioi?uo ethaeae yoe ia?aiaiu auaatho iniaaiii ?acee. E e oaeei ethaeyi
i?eiaaeeaaeae Iaoethaeia”.

Anee ia?aianoe oienoianeee aiaeec aeooiaiie ?aaiethoeee Iaoethaeiaa ia
naiiai Oienoiai, oi aeaeii iiiai noiaeaai. Oienoiio oaeaea a aunoae
noaiaie auea naienoaaiia neeiiiinoue e ?aceei ia?aiaiai, ii i?iaiaae
naay ia ?aciuo iii?euao. Ia iiuoa nianoaaiiie aeecie ii eniuoae ana
iniiaiua iioeau, naycaiiua n ie?neeie i?aaenoaaeaieyie i n/anouea, e
i?eoae e auaiaeo, /oi iie ia i?eiinyo oniieiaiey aeooe. Eiaiii yoa
iieiioa iiuoa, ia inoaaeyaoay eeethcee, aoaeoi /oi-oi iiaia iiaeao
i?eaeaoue aeecie niune, noaea aaaeiie i?aaeiinueeie aeooiaiiai
ia?aai?ioa.

*oiau aeeciaiiue auai? iieo/ee aeinoieiue noaoon, a aeacao Oienoiai ii
aeieaeai aue ii?aaaeaoueny ia?aae ?acoiii. I?e oaeii iinoiyiiii
aiae?noaiaaiee ?acoia iaei inoaaaeinue eacaae aeey iaiaia e naiiiaiaia,
i?ee?uaaaoeo ecia/aeueioth aaci?aanoaaiiinoue, aan/aeiaa/iinoue oae
iacuaaaiuo oeeaeeeciaaiiuo oi?i aeecie. A eo ?aciaea/aiee Oienoie aue
aaniiuaaeai.

Anoue aiaeiaey n iaoethaeianeie iiaeaeueth e a oii, eae i?ioaeae
aeooiaiue e?ecen Oienoiai. Ii ia/aeny n iai?iecaieueiuo aioo?aiieo
?aaeoeee, naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaaoeo i iaiieaaeeao a no?ia aeecie, “ni iiith,
– ieoao Oienoie, – noaei neo/aoueny /oi-oi i/aiue no?aiiia: ia iaiy
noaee iaoiaeeoue ieioou nia/aea iaaeioiaiey, inoaiiaee aeecie, eae
aoaeoi y ia ciae, eae iia aeeoue, /oi iia aeaeaoue, e y oa?yeny e
aiaaeae a oiuiea. Ii yoi i?ioiaeeei, e y i?iaeieaeae aeeoue
ii-i?aaeiaio. Iioii yoe ieioou iaaeioiaiey noaee iiaoi?youeny /aua e
/aua e ana a oie aea naiie oi?ia. Yoe inoaiiaee aeecie au?aaeaeenue
anaaaea iaeeiaeiauie aii?inaie: Ca/ai? Io, a iioii?”.

Oaeaea aiaoiei oie/eii e aeooiaiiio i?aia?aaeaieth Oienoiai iia
iineoaeeoue 50-eaoiee ?oaaae aeecie. 50-eaoea – iniaue aic?ano a aeecie
eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea, iaiiieiaiea, /oi aeeciue eiaao eiiaoe. E Oienoiio
iii iaiiieiaei i oii aea naiii. I?iaeaia nia?oe aieiiaaea Oienoiai e
?aiueoa. Oienoiai nia?oue, a iniaaiiinoe nia?oue a oi?ia caeiiiuo
oaeenoa, anaaaea noaaeea a ooiee. A 1866 aiaeo ii aaconiaoii caueuae a
noaea nieaeaoa, oaea?eaoaai eiiaiaee?a e ia?a/aiiiai ia nia?oiue
i?eaiai?. Iniaaiii neeueii iiaeaenoaiaaee ia Oienoiai nia?oiay eaciue
aeeueioeiie, eioi?oth ii iaaethaeae a Ia?eaea a 1857 aiaeo, a iicaea –
nia?oue ethaeiiai noa?oaai a?aoa Ieeieay a 37-eaoiai aic?anoa a 1860
aiaeo. Oienoie aeaaii noae caaeoiuaaoueny iaae iauei niuneii aeecie,
niioiioaiee aeecie e nia?oe. Iaeiaei ?aiueoa yoi auea aieiaay oaia,
oaia?ue iia noaea iniiaiie, oaia?ue oaea nia?oue aini?eieiaeanue eae
nei?ue e iaecaaaeiue eiiaoe. Anoaa ia?aae iaiaoiaeeiinoueth auynieoue
ee/iia ioiioaiea e nia?oe, Oienoie iaia?oaeee, /oi aai aeeciue, aai
oeaiiinoe ia auaea?aeeaatho i?iaa?ee nia?oueth. “ss ia iia i?eaeaoue
ieeaeiai ?acoiiiai niunea ie iaeiiio iinooieo, ie anae iiae aeecie. Iaiy
oieueei oaeeaeyei oi, eae iia y ia iiieiaoue yoiai a naiii ia/aea. Ana
yoi oae aeaaii anai ecaanoii. Ia iui/a caao?a i?eaeoo aieacie, nia?oue
(e i?eoiaeeee oaea) ia ethaeiuo ethaeae, ia iaiy, e ie/aai ia inoaiaony,
e?iia ni?aaea e /a?aae. Aeaea iie, eaeea au iie ie auee, ana caaoaeoony
– ?aiueoa, iicaeiaa, aea e iaiy ia aoaeao. Oae ec /aai aea oeiiioaoue?”.
Yoe neiaa Oienoiai ec “Eniiaaaee” ?ane?uaatho e i?e?iaeo, e
iaiin?aaenoaaiiue enoi/iee aai aeooiaiiai iaaeoaa, eioi?ue iiaeii auei
au iaicia/eoue eae iaieeo ia?aae nia?oueth. Ii ynii iiiye, /oi oieueei
oaeay aeeciue iiaeao n/eoaoueny iniuneaiiie, eioi?ay niiniaia
ooaa?aeaeaoue naay ia?aae eeoeii iaecaaaeiie nia?oe, auaea?aeaoue
i?iaa?eo aii?inii: “Ec /aai aea oeiiioaoue, ?aaee /aai aiiaua aeeoue,
anee ana aoaeao iiaeiuaii nia?oueth?”. Oienoie iinoaaee ia?aae niaie
oeaeue – iaeoe oi, /oi ia iiaeaeanoii nia?oe.

*oi ne?uoi ca aii?inii i niunea aeecie?

Ii iiaieth Oienoiai /aeiaae iaoiaeeony a ?aciiaeanee, ?aceaaea n naiei
niaie. A iai eae au aeeaoo aeaa /aeiaaea – aioo?aiiee e aiaoiee, ec
eioi?uo ia?aue iaaeiaieai oai, /oi aeaeaao aoi?ie, a aoi?ie ia aeaeaao
oiai, /aai oi/ao ia?aue. Yoa i?ioeai?a/eainoue, naii?aci?aaiiinoue
iaia?oaeeaaaony a ?aciuo ethaeyo n ?aciie noaiaiueth ino?iou, ii iia
i?enoua ei anai. I?ioeai?a/eaue a naaa, ?acaee?aaiue acaeiii
io?eoeathueie no?aieaieyie, /aeiaae ia?a/ai ia oi, /oiau no?aaeaoue,
auoue iaaeiaieueiui niaie. *aeiaae iinoiyiii no?aieony i?aiaeieaoue
naay, noaoue ae?oaei.

Iaeiaei iaei neacaoue, /oi /aeiaaeo naienoaaiii no?aaeaoue e auoue
iaaeiaieueiui. *aeiaae naa?o oiai aua ciaao, /oi ii no?aaeaao, e
iaaeiaieai niaie, ii ia i?eaieao naiaai no?aaeaoaeueiiai iieiaeaiey. Aai
iaaeiaieuenoai e no?aaeaiey oaeaaeaathony: e naiei no?aaeaieyi e
iaaeiaieuenoao aeiaaaeyaony niciaiea oiai, /oi yoi ieioi. *aeiaae ia
i?inoi no?aieony noaoue ae?oaei, ono?aieoue ana, /oi ii?iaeaeaao
no?aaeaiey e /oanoai iaaeiaieuenoaa; ii no?aieony noaoue naiaiaeiui io
no?aaeaiee. *aeiaae ia i?inoi aeeaao, ii oi/ao aua, /oiau aai aeeciue
eiaea niune.

Inouanoaeaiea naieo aeaeaiee ethaee naycuaatho n oeeaeeecaoeeae,
eciaiaieai aiaoieo oi?i aeecie, i?e?iaeiie e nioeeaeueiie n?aaeu.
I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi /aeiaae iiaeao inaiaiaeeoueny io no?aaeaoaeueiiai
iieiaeaiey n iiiiuueth iaoee, eneonnoa, ?inoa yeiiiieee, ?acaeoey
oaoieee, nicaeaiey othoiiai auoa e o. ae. Oaeie oiae iuneae, ii
i?aeiouanoao naienoaaiiue i?eaeeaae?iaaiiui e ia?aciaaiiui neiyi
iauanoaa, caeinoaiaae E. I. Oienoie e ?oeiaiaenoaiaaeny ei a oa/aiea
ia?aie iieiaeiu naiae niciaoaeueiie aeecie. Iaeiaei eae ?ac ee/iue iiuo
e iaaethaeaiey iaae ethaeueie naiaai e?oaa oaaaeeee aai a oii, /oi yoio
iooue yaeyaony eiaeiui. *ai auoa iiaeieiaaony /aeiaae a naieo ie?neeo
caiyoeyo e oaea/aieyo, /ai ianiaoiae aiaaonoaa, aeoaaea iiciaiey, oai
neeueiaa aeooaaiia aaniieienoai, iaaeiaieuenoai e no?aaeaiey, io eioi?uo
ii a yoeo naieo caiyoeyo oioae inaiaiaeeoueny. Iiaeii iiaeoiaoue, /oi
anee aeoeaiinoue e i?ia?ann oiiiaeatho no?aaeaiey, oi aacaeayoaeueiinoue
aoaeao niinianoaiaaoue eo oiaiueoaieth. Oaeia i?aaeiieiaeaiea iaaa?ii.
I?e/eiie no?aaeaiee yaeyaony ia nai ii naaa i?ia?ann, a iaeeaeaiey,
eioi?ua n iei naycuaathony, oa niaa?oaiii iaii?aaaeaiiay iaaeaaeaea,
aoaeoi oaaee/aieai nei?inoe iiacaeia, iiauoaieai o?iaeaeiinoe iieae
iiaeii aeiaeoueny /aai-oi aua naa?o oiai, /oi /aeiaae aoaeao auno?aa
ia?aaeaeaaoueny e eo/oa ieoaoueny. N yoie oi/ee c?aiey iao aieueoie
?acieoeu, aeaeaaony ee aeoeaio ia aeoeaiinoue e i?ia?ann eee
aacaeayoaeueiinoue. Ioeai/iie yaeyaony naia onoaiiaea i?eaeaoue
/aeiaa/aneie aeecie niune iooai eciaiaiey aa aiaoieo oi?i. Yoa onoaiiaea
enoiaeeo ec oaaaeaeaiey, /oi aioo?aiiee /aeiaae caaeneo io aiaoiaai, /oi
ninoiyiea aeooe e niciaiey /aeiaaea yaeyaony neaaenoaeai aai iieiaeaiey
a ie?a e n?aaee ethaeae. Ii anee au yoi auei oae, oi iaaeaeo ieie n
naiiai ia/aea ia aicieeei au eiioeeeoa.

Neiaii, iaoa?eaeueiue e eoeueoo?iue i?ia?ann icia/atho oi, /oi iie
icia/atho: iaoa?eaeueiue e eoeueoo?iue i?ia?ann. Iie ia cao?aaeaatho
no?aaeaiee aeooe. Aaconeiaiia aeieacaoaeuenoai yoiai Oienoie oniao?eaaao
a oii, /oi i?ia?ann iaanniuneeaaaony, anee ?anniao?eaaoue aai a
ia?niaeoeaa nia?oe /aeiaaea. E /aio aeaiueae, aeanoue e o. i., e /aio
aiiaua noa?aoueny, /aai-oi aeiaeaaoueny, anee ana iaecaaaeii
ieai/eaaaony nia?oueth e caaaaieai. “Iiaeii aeeoue oieueei, iieoaea
iueyi aeeciueth; a eae i?io?acaeoueny, oi iaeuecy ia aeaeaoue, /oi ana
yoi – oieueei iaiai, e aeoiue iaiai!”. O?aaeci /aeiaa/aneiai auoey, ii
iiaieth Oienoiai, oi?ioi ia?aaeaao ainoi/iay (ae?aaiaeiaeeeneay) aaniy
i?i iooieea, canoeaiooiai a noaie ?acuy?aiiui caa?ai. “Nianaynue io
caa?y, iooiee aneaeeaaao a aacaiaeiue eieiaeacue, ii ia aeia eieiaeoea
aeaeeo ae?aeiia, ?aceioaoaai ianoue, /oiau iiae?aoue aai. E ian/anoiue,
ia niay aueacoue, /oiau ia iiaeaiooue io ?acuy?aiiiai caa?y, ia niay e
ni?uaiooue ia aeii eieiaeoea, /oiau ia auoue iiae?aiiui ae?aeiiii,
ooaaouaaaony ca aaoee ?anoouaai a ?anuaeeiao eieiaeoea aeeeiai eonoa e
aea?aeeony ia iai. ?oee aai ineaaaaatho, e ii /oanoaoao, /oi nei?i
aeieaeai aoaeao ioaeaoueny iiaeaaee, n iaaeo noi?ii aeaeouae aai, ii ii
ana aea?aeeony, e iiea ii aea?aeeony, ii iaeyaeuaaaony e aeaeeo, /oi
aeaa iuoe, iaeia /a?iay, ae?oaay aaeay, ?aaiiia?ii iaoiaey noaieeio
eonoa, ia eioi?ii ii aeneo, iiaeoa/eaatho aa. Aio-aio nai niaie
iaeiieony e iai?aaony eono, e ii oiaaeao a ianoue ae?aeiio. Iooiee
aeaeeo yoi e ciaao, /oi ii iaieioaii iiaeaiao; ii iiea ii aeneo, ii euao
aie?oa naay e iaoiaeeo ia eenoueyo eonoa eaiee iaaea, aeinoaao eo ycueii
e eeaeao eo”. Aaeay e /a?iay iuoue, aeaiue e ii/ue, iaieioaii aaaeoo
/aeiaaea e nia?oe – e ia aiiaua /aeiaaea, a eaaeaeiai ec ian, e ia
aaea-oi e eiaaea-oi, a caeanue e oaia?ue, “e yoi ia aaniy, a yoi
enoeiiay, iainii?eiay e anyeiio iiiyoiay i?aaaea”. E ie/oi io yoiai ia
nianao – ie ia?iiiua aiaaonoaa, ie ecuneaiiue aeon, ie iaoe?iua ciaiey.

Auaiae i aanniuneaiiinoe aeecie, e eioi?iio eae aoaeoi au iiaeaiaeeo
iiuo e eioi?ue iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony oeeinioneie ioae?inoueth, yaeyaony n
oi/ee c?aiey Oienoiai yaii i?ioeai?a/eaui eiae/anee, /oiau iiaeii auei n
iei niaeaneoueny. Eae iiaeao ?acoi iainiiaaoue aanniuneaiiinoue aeecie,
anee ii nai yaeyaony ii?iaeaeaieai aeecie? O iaai iao iniiaaiee aeey
oaeiai iainiiaaiey. Iiyoiio a naiii ooaa?aeaeaiee, i aanniuneaiiinoe
aeecie niaea?aeeony aai nianoaaiiia ii?iaa?aeaiea: /aeiaae, eioi?ue
i?eoae e oaeiio auaiaeo, aeieaeai aue au i?aaeaea anaai naanoe naie
nianoaaiiua n/aou n aeeciueth, e oiaaea ii ia iia au ?annoaeaeaoue i aa
aanniuneaiiinoe, anee aea ii ?annoaeaeaao i aanniuneaiiinoe aeecie e oai
naiui i?iaeieaeaao aeeoue aeeciueth, eioi?ay ooaea nia?oe, cia/eo, a
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe iia ia oaeay aanniuneaiiay e ieioay, eae ia yoii
aiai?eony. Aeaeaa, auaiae i aanniuneaiiinoe aeecie icia/aao, /oi /aeiaae
niiniaai noaaeoue oeaee, eioi?ua ia iiaeao inouanoaeoue, e
oi?ioee?iaaoue aii?inu, ia eioi?ua ia iiaeao ioaaoeoue. Ii ?acaa yoe
oeaee e aii?inu noaayony ia oai aea naiui /aeiaaeii? E anee o iaai iao
nee ?aaeeciaaoue eo, oi ioeoaea o iaai acyeenue neeu iinoaaeoue eo? Ia
iaiaa oaaaeeoaeueii aic?aaeaiea Oienoiai: anee aeeciue aanniuneaiia, oi
eae aea aeeee e aeeaoo ieeeeiiu e ieeeeiiu ethaeae, ana /aeiaa/anoai? E
?ac iie aeeaoo, ?aaeothony aeecie e i?iaeieaeatho aeeoue, cia/eo, iie
iaoiaeyo a iae eaeie-oi aaaeiue niune? Eaeie?

Ia oaeiaeaoai?aiiue io?eoeaoaeueiui ?aoaieai aii?ina i niunea aeecie, E.
I. Oienoie ia?aoeeny e aeooiaiiio iiuoo i?inouo ethaeae, aeeaoueo
nianoaaiiui o?oaeii, iiuoo ia?iaea.

I?inoua ethaee oi?ioi ciaeiiu n aii?inii i niunea aeecie, a eioi?ii aeey
ieo iao ieeaeie o?oaeiinoe, ieeaeie caaaaeee. Iie ciatho, /oi iaaei
aeeoue ii caeiio aiaeueaio e aeeoue oae, /oiau ia iiaoaeoue naith aeooo.
Iie ciatho i naiai iaoa?eaeueiii ie/oiaeanoaa, ii iii eo ia ioaaao, eai
inoaaony aeooa, naycaiiay n Aiaii. Iaeiia?aciaaiiinoue yoeo ethaeae,
ionoonoaea o ieo oeeinioneeo e iao/iuo iiciaiee ia i?aiyonoaoao
iiieiaieth enoeiu aeecie, nei?aa iaiai?io, iiiiaaao. No?aiiui ia?acii
ieacaeinue, /oi iaaaaeanoaaiiua, iieiua i?aae?annoaeeia e?anoueyia
niciatho anth aeoaeio aii?ina i niunea aeecie, iie iiieiatho, /oi eo
ni?aoeaatho i aa/iii, iaoie?athuai cia/aiee eo aeecie e i oii, ia aiyony
ee iie i?aaenoiyuae nia?oe.

Aneooeaaynue a neiaa i?inouo ethaeae, aaeyaeuaaynue a eo aeeciue,
Oienoie i?eoae e caeeth/aieth, /oi eo onoaie aeaaieao enoeia. Iie iiiyee
aii?in i niunea aeecie aeoaaea, oi/iaa, /ai ana aaee/aeoea iuneeoaee e
oeeiniou.

Aii?in i niunea aeecie anoue aii?in i niioiioaiee eiia/iiai e
aaneiia/iiai a iae, oi anoue i oii, eiaao ee eiia/iay aeeciue aa/iia,
iaoie/oiaeeiia cia/aiea e anee aea, oi a /ai iii ninoieo? Anoue ee a iae
/oi-eeai aannia?oiia? Anee au eiia/iay aeeciue /aeiaaea caeeth/aea naie
niune a naaa, oi ia auei au naiiai yoiai aii?ina. “Aeey ?aoaiey yoiai
aii?ina iaeeiaeiai iaaeinoaoi/ii i?e?aaieaaoue eiia/iia e eiia/iiio e
aaneiia/iia e aaneiia/iiio”, iaaei auyaeoue ioiioaiea iaeiiai e
ae?oaiio. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aii?in i niunea aeecie oe?a ioaaoa
eiae/aneiai ciaiey, ii o?aaoao auoiaea ca ?aiee oie iaeanoe, eioi?ay
iiaeaeanoia ?acoio. “Iaeuecy auei eneaoue a ?acoiiii ciaiee ioaaoa ia
iie aii?in”, – ieoao Oienoie. I?eoiaeeeinue i?eciaoue, /oi “o anaai
aeeaouaai /aeiaa/anoaa anoue aua eaeia-oi ae?oaia ciaiea, ia?acoiiia –
aa?a, aeathuay aiciiaeiinoue aeeoue”.

Iaaethaeaiey iaae aeeciaiiui iiuoii i?inouo ethaeae, eioi?ui naienoaaiii
iniuneaiiia ioiioaiea e nianoaaiiie aeecie i?e yniii iiieiaiee aa
ie/oiaeiinoe, e i?aaeeueii iiiyoay eiaeea naiiai aii?ina i niunea aeecie
iiaeaiaeyo Oienoiai e iaeiiio e oiio aea auaiaeo i oii, /oi aii?in i
niunea aeecie anoue aii?in aa?u, a ia ciaiey. A oeeinioee Oienoiai
iiiyoea aa?u eiaao iniaia niaea?aeaiea, ia niaiaaeathuaa n
o?aaeeoeeiiiui. Yoi – ia inouanoaeaiea iaeeaeaaiiai e oaa?aiiinoue a
iaaeaeeiii. “Aa?a anoue niciaiea /aeiaaeii oaeiai naiaai iieiaeaiey a
ie?a, eioi?ia iaycuaaao aai e ecaanoiui iinooieai”. “Aa?a anoue ciaiea
niunea /aeiaa/aneie aeecie, aneaaenoaea eioi?iai /aeiaae ia oie/oiaeaao
naay, a aeeaao. Aa?a anoue neea aeecie”. Ec yoeo ii?aaeaeaiee noaiiaeony
iiiyoiui, /oi aeey Oienoiai aeeciue, eiathuay niune, e aeeciue,
iniiaaiiay ia aa?a, anoue iaeii e oi aea.

Iiiyoea aa?u a oienoianeii iiieiaiee niaa?oaiii ia naycaii n
iaiinoeaeeiuie oaeiaie, iai?aaaeiiiaeiaii /oaeaniuie, i?aa?auaieyie e
eiuie i?aae?annoaeeaie. Aieaa oiai, iii aiana ia icia/aao, aoaeoi
/aeiaa/aneia iiciaiea eiaao eaeie-eeai eiie eino?oiaioa?ee, iiieii
?acoia, iniiaaiiiai ia iiuoa e iiae/eiaiiiai no?iaei caeiiai eiaeee.
Oa?aeoa?ecoy iniaaiiinoue ciaiey aa?u, Oienoie ieoao: “ss ia aoaeo
eneaoue iauyniaiey anaai. ss ciath, /oi iauyniaiea anaai aeieaeii
ne?uaaoueny, eae ia/aei anaai, a aaneiia/iinoe. Ii y oi/o iiiyoue oae,
/oiau auoue i?eaaaeaiiui e iaecaaaeii-iaiauynieiiio, y oi/o, /oiau ana
oi, /oi iaiauynieii, auei oaeiai ia iioiio, /oi o?aaiaaiey iiaai oia
iai?aaeeueiu (iie i?aaeeueiu, e aia eo y ie/aai iiiyoue ia iiao), ii
iioiio, /oi y aeaeo i?aaeaeu naiaai oia. ss oi/o iiiyoue oae, /oiau
anyeia iaiauynieiia iieiaeaiea i?aaenoaaeyeinue iia eae iaiaoiaeeiinoue
?acoia aea, a ia eae iaycaoaeuenoai iiaa?eoue”. Oienoie ia i?eciaaae
aacaeieacaoaeueiiai ciaiey. Ii ia i?eieiae ie/aai ia aa?o, e?iia naiie
aa?u. Aa?a eae neea aeecie auoiaeeo ca i?aaeaeu eiiiaoaioeee ?acoia. A
yoii niunea iiiyoea aa?u anoue i?iyaeaiea /anoiinoe ?acoia, eioi?ue ia
oi/ao a?aoue ia naay aieueoa oiai, /oi iiaeao.

Ec oaeiai iiieiaiey aa?u auoaeaao, /oi ca aii?inii i niunea aeecie
ne?uoi niiiaiea e niyoaiea. Niune aeecie noaiiaeony aii?inii oiaaea,
eiaaea aeeciue eeoaaony niunea. “ss iiiye, – ieoao Oienoie, – /oi aeey
oiai, /oiau iiiyoue niune aeecie, iaaei i?aaeaea anaai, /oiau aeeciue
auea ia aanniuneaiia e cea, a iioii oaea – ?acoi aeey oiai, /oiau
iiiyoue aa”. ?anoa?yiiia aii?ioaiea i oii, ?aaee /aai aeeoue, – aa?iue
i?eciae oiai, /oi aeeciue yaeyaony iai?aaeeueiie. Ec i?iecaaaeaiee
iaienaiiuo Oienoui auoaeaao iaeei-aaeeinoaaiiue auaiae: niune aeecie ia
iiaeao caeeth/aoueny a oii, /oi oie?aao aianoa ni nia?oueth /aeiaaea.
Yoi cia/eo: ii ia iiaeao caeeth/aoueny a aeecie aeey naay, eae e a
aeecie aeey ae?oaeo ethaeae, eai e iie oie?atho, eae e a aeecie aeey
/aeiaa/anoaa, eai e iii ia aa/ii. “AEeciue aeey naay ia iiaeao eiaoue
ieeaeiai niunea… *oiau aeeoue ?acoiii, iaaei aeeoue oae, /oiau nia?oue
ia iiaea ?ac?ooeoue aeecie”.

Aia, naiaiaea, aeia?i

Oi aaneiia/iia, aannia?oiia ia/aei, a nii?yaeaiee n eioi?ui aeeciue
oieueei e ia?aoaao niune, iacuaaaony Aiaii. E ie/aai ae?oaiai i Aiaa n
aeinoiaa?iinoueth ooaa?aeaeaoue iaeuecy. ?acoi iiaeao ciaoue, /oi
nouanoaoao Aia, ii ii ia iiaeao iinoe/ue naiiai Aiaa (iiyoiio Oienoie
?aoeoaeueii ioaa?aae oea?eiaiua noaeaeaiey i Aiaa, i o?eaaeeinoaa Aiaa,
oai?aiee ei ie?a a oanoue aeiae, eaaaiaeu ia aiaaeao e aeueyaieao,
a?aoiiaaeaiee /aeiaaea, iaii?i/iii ca/aoee e o. i., n/eoay ana yoi
a?oauie i?aae?annoaeeaie). Ethaia niaea?aeaoaeueiia ooaa?aeaeaiea i
Aiaa, aeaaea oaeia, /oi Aia aaeei, i?ioeai?a/eo naiiio naaa, eai iiiyoea
Aiaa ii ii?aaeaeaieth icia/aao oi, /aai iaeuecy ii?aaeaeeoue. Aeey
Oienoiai iiiyoea Aiaa auei /aeiaa/aneei iiiyoeai, eioi?ia au?aaeaao oi,
/oi iu, ethaee, iiaeai /oanoaiaaoue e ciaoue i Aiaa, ii ieeae ia oi, /oi
Aia aeoiaao i ethaeyo e ie?a. A iai, a yoii iiiyoee, eae aai iiieiaao
Oienoie, ia auei ie/aai oaeinoaaiiiai, e?iia oiai, /oi iii iaicia/aao
oaeinoaaiiia iniiaaiea aeecie e iiciaiey. Aia – i?e/eia iiciaiey, ii
ieeae ia aai i?aaeiao. “Oae eae iiiyoea Aiaa ia iiaeao auoue eiia, eae
iiiyoea ia/aea anaai oiai, /oi iiciaao ?acoi, oi i/aaeaeii, /oi Aia, eae
ia/aei anaai, ia iiaeao auoue iinoeaeei aeey ?acoia. Oieueei eaey ii
iooe ?acoiiiai iuoeaiey, ia e?aeiai i?aaeaea ?acoia iiaeii iaeoe Aiaa,
ii, aeieaey aei yoiai iiiyoey, ?acoi oaea ia?anoaao iinoeaaoue”. Ciaiea
i Aiaa Oienoie n?aaieaaao ni ciaieai aaneiia/iinoe /enea. E oi, e
ae?oaia aaconeiaii i?aaeiieaaaaony, ii ia iiaeaeaaony ii?aaeaeaieth. “E
ianiiiaiiinoe ciaiey aaneiia/iiai /enea y i?eaaaeai neiaeaieai, e
ianiiiaiiinoe ciaiey Aiaa y i?eaaaeai aii?inii: ioeoaea y?”.

Eaeay Aiaa eae i?aaeaea ?acoia, iaiinoeaeeiie iieiiou enoeiu caaeaao
ii?aaeaeaiiue niinia auoey a ie?a, eiaaea /aeiaae niciaoaeueii
i?eaioe?iaai ia yoio i?aaeae e iieiioo. Yoi e anoue naiaiaea. Naiaiaea –
noaoai /aeiaa/aneia naienoai, au?aaeaiea n?aaeeiiinoe aai auoey.
“*aeiaae aue au ianaiaiaeai, anee au ii ia ciae ieeaeie enoeiu, e oi/ii
oae aea ia aue au naiaiaeai e aeaaea ia eiae au iiiyoey i naiaiaea, anee
au any enoeia, aeieaeainoaothuay ?oeiaiaeeoue aai a aeecie, ?ac
iaanaaaea, ai anae /enoioa naiae, aac i?eiane caaeoaeaeaiee auea au
ioe?uoa aio”. Naiaiaea e ninoieo a yoii aeaeaeaiee io oaiiiou e naaoo,
io iecoaai e aunoaio, “io enoeiu, aieaa niaoaiiie n caaeoaeaeaieyie, e
enoeia, aieaa inaiaiaeaeaiiie io ieo”. Aa iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue eae
no?aieaiea ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny enoeiie.

Naiaiaea ia oiaeaeanoaaiia i?iecaieo, i?inoie niiniaiinoe aeaenoaiaaoue
ii i?eoioe. Iia anaaaea naycaia n enoeiie. Ii eeanneoeeaoeee Oienoiai,
nouanoaotho enoeiu o?iyeiai ?iaea. Ai-ia?auo, enoeiu, eioi?ua oaea noaee
i?eau/eie, aoi?ie iaoo?ie /aeiaaea. Ai-aoi?uo, enoeiu niooiua,
iaaeinoaoi/ii i?iyniaiiua. Ia?aua oaea ia ni anai enoeiu. Aoi?ua aua ia
nianai enoeiu. Ia?yaeo n ieie anoue o?aoee ?yae enoei, eioi?ua, n iaeiie
noi?iiu, ioe?ueenue /aeiaaeo n oaeie yniinoueth, eiaaea ii eo ia iiaeao
iaieoe e aeieaeai ii?aaeaeeoue naia e iei ioiioaiea, a n ae?oaie
noi?iiu, ia noaee aeey iaai i?eau/eie. Ii ioiioaieth e enoeiai yoiai
o?aoueaai ?iaea e iaia?oaeeaaaony naiaiaea /aeiaaea. Caeanue aaaeii e
oi, /oi ?a/ue eaeao ia enoeia yniie, e oi, /oi ?a/ue eaeao ia enoeia
aieaa aunieie ii n?aaiaieth n oie, eioi?ay oaea inaiaia a aeeciaiiie
i?aeoeea. Naiaiaea anoue neea, iicaieythuay /aeiaaeo eaeoe ii iooe e
Aiao.

Ii a /ai ninoiyo yoi aeaei e yoio iooue, eaeea iaycaiiinoe auoaeatho
aeey /aeiaaea ec aai i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e Aiao? I?eciaiea Aiaa eae ia/aea,
enoi/ieea aeecie e ?acoia noaaeo /aeiaaea a niaa?oaiii ii?aaeaeaiiia
ioiioaiea e iaio, eioi?ia Oienoie oiiaeiaeyao ioiioaieth nuia e iooeo,
?aaioieea e oicyeio. Nui ia iiaeao noaeeoue iooea e ia niiniaai iiiyoue
iieiinoueth niune aai oeacaiee, ii aeieaeai neaaeiaaoue aiea iooea e
oieueei ii ia?a iineooaiey iooeianeie aiea iinoeaaao, /oi iia eiaao aeey
iaai aeaaioai?iue niune, oi?ioee nui – ethayuee nui, ii aeaenoaoao ia
oae, eae nai oi/ao, a oae, eae oi/ao ioaoe e a yoii, a auiieiaiee aiee
iooea, aeaeeo naia i?aaeiacia/aiea e aeaai. Oi/ii oae aea ?aaioiee
iioiio yaeyaony ?aaioieeii, /oi ii iineooai oicyeio, auiieiyao aai
?anii?yaeaiey, – eai oieueei oicyei ciaao, aeey /aai ioaeia aai ?aaioa,
oicyei ia oieueei i?eaeaao niune oneeeyi ?aaioieea, ii aua e ei?ieo aai;
oi?ioee ?aaioiee – ?aaioiee, eioi?ue iiieiaao, /oi aai aeeciue e aeaai
caaenyo io oicyeia, e ioiineony e oicyeio n /oanoaii naiiioaa?aeaiiinoe,
ethaae. Ioiioaiea /aeiaaea e Aiao aeieaeii auoue oaeei aea: /aeiaae
aeeaao ia aeey naay, a aeey Aiaa. Oieueei oaeia iiieiaiea niunea
nianoaaiiie aeecie niioaaonoaoao aeaenoaeoaeueiiio iieiaeaieth /aeiaaea
a ie?a, auoaeaao ec oa?aeoa?a aai naycaiiinoe n Aiaii. Ii?iaeueiia,
/aeiaa/aneia ioiioaiea /aeiaaea e Aiao anoue ioiioaiea ethaae.
“Nouiinoue aeecie /aeiaa/aneie e aunoee caeii, aeieaeainoaothuee
?oeiaiaeeoue ath, anoue ethaiaue”.

Ii eae ethaeoue Aiaa e /oi cia/eo ethaeoue Aiaa, anee iu i Aiaa ie/aai
ia ciaai e ciaoue ia iiaeai, e?iia oiai, /oi ii nouanoaoao? Aea, y ia
ciath, /oi oaeia Aia, ia ciath aai caiunae, aai caiiaaaee. Iaeiaei, y
ciath, /oi, ai-ia?auo, nouanoaotho ae?oaea ethaee, eioi?ua iaoiaeyony a
oaeii aea ioiioaiee e Aiao, eae e y, ai-aoi?uo, ai iia naiii anoue
aiaeanoaaiiia ia/aei – aeooa. E anee o /aeiaaea iao aiciiaeiinoe
iaiin?aaenoaaiii iauaoueny n Aiaii, oi ii iiaeao naeaeaoue yoi einaaiii,
/a?ac i?aaeeueiia ioiioaiea e ae?oaei ethaeyi e i?aaeeueiia ioiioaiea e
naiiio naaa.

I?aaeeueiia ioiioaiea e ae?oaei ethaeyi ii?aaeaeyaony oai, /oi iaaei
ethaeoue ethaeae eae a?aoueaa, ethaeoue anao, aac eaeeo-eeai ecuyoee,
iacaaeneii io eaeeo au oi ie auei ie?neeo ?acee/ee iaaeaeo ieie. Ia?aae
Aiaii oa?ytho eaeie au oi ie auei niune ana /aeiaa/aneea aeenoaioeee
iaaeaeo aiaaonoaii e aaaeiinoueth, e?anioie e aacia?aceai, iieiaeinoueth
e ae?yoeinoueth, neeie e oaiaeanoaii e o. ae. Iaiaoiaeeii oeaieoue a
eaaeaeii /aeiaaea aeinoieinoai aiaeanoaaiiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey. “Oea?noai
Aiaa ia caiea anoue ie? anao ethaeae iaaeaeo niaith”, a ie?iay, ?acoiiay
e niaeaniay aeeciue aiciiaeia oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea ethaee naycaiu
iaeeiaeiaui iiieiaieai niunea aeecie, aaeeiie aa?ith.

I?aaeeueiia ioiioaiea e naaa e?aoei iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue eae caaioo i
nianaiee aeooe. “A aeooa /aeiaaea iaoiaeyony ia oia?aiiua i?aaeea
ni?aaaaeeeainoe, a eaeaae iieiiai, aaneiia/iiai aiaeaneiai niaa?oainoaa.
Oieueei no?aieaiea e yoiio niaa?oainoao ioeeiiyao iai?aaeaiea aeecie
/aeiaaea io aeeaioiiai ninoiyiey e aiaeaneiio ianoieueei, ianeieueei yoi
aiciiaeii a yoie aeecie”. N yoie oi/ee c?aiey ia eiaao cia/aiey
?aaeueiia ninoiyiea eiaeeaeaea, eai eaeie au auniou aeooiaiiai ?acaeoey
ii ia aeinoea, iia, yoa aunioa, yaeyaony en/acathua ie/oiaeiie ii
n?aaiaieth n iaaeinoeaeeiui niaa?oainoaii aiaeanoaaiiiai eaeaaea. Eaeoth
au eiia/ioth oi/eo iu ie acyee, ?annoiyiea io iaa aei aaneiia/iinoe
aoaeao aaneiia/iui. Iiyoiio iieacaoaeai i?aaeeueiiai ioiioaiey /aeiaaea
e naaa yaeyaony no?aieaiea e niaa?oainoao, naii yoi aeaeaeaiea io naay e
Aiao. Aieaa oiai, “/aeiaae, noiyuee ia iecoae nooiaie, iiaeaeaaynue e
niaa?oainoao, aeeaao i?aanoaaiiaa, eo/oa, aieaa eniieiyao o/aiea, /ai
/aeiaae, noiyuee ia ai?acaei aieaa aunieie nooiaie i?aanoaaiiinoe, ii ia
iiaeaeaathueeny e niaa?oainoao”. Niciaiea noaiaie ianiioaaonoaey n
eaeaaeueiui niaa?oainoaii – oaeia e?eoa?ee i?aaeeueiiai ioiioaiey e
naaa. Iineieueeo ?aaeueii yoa noaiaiue ianiioaaonoaey anaaaea
aaneiia/ia, oi /aeiaae oai i?aanoaaiiaa, /ai iieiaa ii iniciaao naia
ianiaa?oainoai.

Anee a?aoue yoe aeaa ioiioaiey e Aiao – ioiioaiea e ae?oaei e ioiioaiea
e naaa, – oi enoiaeiui e iniiaiiieaaathuei, n oi/ee c?aiey Oienoiai,
yaeyaony ioiioaiea e naaa. I?aanoaaiiia ioiioaiea e naaa eae au
aaoiiaoe/anee aa?aioe?oao i?aanoaaiiia ioiioaiea e ae?oaei. *aeiaae,
niciathuee, eae aaneiia/ii ii aeaeae io eaeaaea, anoue /aeiaae,
naiaiaeiue io noaaa?ey, aoaeoi ii iiaeao ono?ieoue aeeciue ae?oaeo
ethaeae. Caaioa /aeiaaea i /enoioa nianoaaiiie aeooe yaeyaony enoi/ieeii
i?aanoaaiiuo iaycaiiinoae /aeiaaea ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaei ethaeyi,
ainoaea?noao e o. ae.

Iiiyoey Aiaa, naiaiaeu, aeia?a naycuaatho eiia/iia /aeiaa/aneia auoea n
aaneiia/iinoueth ie?a. “Ana yoe iiiyoey, i?e eioi?uo i?e?aaieaaaony
eiia/iia e aaneiia/iiio e iieo/aaony niune aeecie, iiiyoey Aiaa,
naiaiaeu, aeia?a, iu iiaeaa?aaai eiae/aneiio enneaaeiaaieth. E yoe
iiiyoey ia auaea?aeeaatho e?eoeee ?acoia”. Iie ooiaeyo niaea?aeaieai a
oaeoth aeaeue, eioi?ay oieueei iaicia/aaony ?acoiii, ii ia iinoeaaaony
ei. Iie aeaiu /aeiaaeo iaiin?aaenoaaiii e ?acoi ia noieueei iainiiauaaao
yoe iiiyoey, neieueei i?iyniyao eo. Oieueei aeia?ue /aeiaae iiaeao
iiiyoue, /oi oaeia aeia?i. *oiau ?acoiii iinoeaiooue niune aeecie,
iaaei, /oiau naia aeeciue oiai, eoi aeaaeaao ?acoiii, auea iniuneaiiie.
Anee yoi ia oae, anee aeeciue aanniuneaiia, oi ?acoi ia eiaao i?aaeiaoa
aeey ?anniio?aiey, e ii a eo/oai neo/aa iiaeao oeacaoue ia yoo
aani?aaeiaoiinoue.

Iaeiaei aicieeaao aii?in: “Anee iaeuecy ciaoue, /oi oaeia aaneiia/iia e
niioaaonoaaiii Aia, naiaiaea, aeia?i, oi eae iiaeii auoue aaneiia/iui,
aiaeanoaaiiui, naiaiaeiui, aeia?ui?” Caaea/a niaaeeiaiey eiia/iiai n
aaneiia/iui ia eiaao ?aoaiey. Aaneiia/iia iioiio e yaeyaony aaneiia/iui,
/oi aai iaeuecy ie ii?aaeaeeoue, ie aini?iecaanoe. E. I. Oienoie a
iineaneiaee e “E?aeoea?iaie niiaoa” aiai?eo i aeaoo niiniaao i?eaioaoeee
a iooe: a iaeiii neo/aa i?eaioe?aie i?aaeeueiiai iai?aaeaiey iiaoo auoue
eiie?aoiua i?aaeiaou, eioi?ua iineaaeiaaoaeueii aeieaeiu ano?aoeoueny ia
iooe, ai aoi?ii neo/aa aa?iinoue iooe eiio?iee?oaony eiiianii. Oi/ii oae
aea nouanoaoao aeaa ?aciuo niiniaa i?aanoaaiiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa: ia?aue
ninoieo a oii, /oi aeaaony oi/iia iienaiea iinooieia, eioi?ua /aeiaae
aeieaeai aeaeaoue eee eioi?uo ii aeieaeai ecaaaaoue, aoi?ie niinia
caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi ?oeiaiaenoaii aeey /aeiaaea yaeyaony
iaaeinoeaeeiia niaa?oainoai eaeaaea. Iiaeiaii oiio eae ii eiiiano iiaeii
ii?aaeaeeoue oieueei noaiaiue ioeeiiaiey io iooe, oi/ii oae aea eaeaae
iiaeao noaoue eeoue oi/eie ion/aoa /aeiaa/aneiai ianiaa?oainoaa. Iiiyoey
Aiaa, naiaiaeu, aeia?a, ?ane?uaathuea aaneiia/iue niune iaoae eiia/iie
aeecie, e anoue oio naiue eaeaae, i?aeoe/aneia iacia/aiea eioi?iai –
auoue oei?ii /aeiaaeo, oeacuaaoue aio ia oi, /ai ii ia yaeyaony.

Iyoue caiiaaaeae o?enoeainoaa

Eae n/eoaao E. I. Oienoie, nooue i?aanoaaiiiai eaeaaea iaeaieaa iieii
au?aaeaia a o/aiee Eenona O?enoa. I?e yoii aeey Oienoiai Eenon O?enoin
ia yaeyaony Aiaii eee nuiii Aiaa, ii n/eoaao aai ?aoi?iaoi?ii,
?ac?ooathuei noa?ua e aeathuei iiaua iniiau aeecie. Oienoie, aeaeaa,
aeaeeo i?eioeeieaeueioth ?acieoeo iaaeaeo iiaeeeiiuie acaeyaeaie Eenona,
eceiaeaiiuie a Aaaiaaeeyo, e eo eca?auaieai a aeiaiao i?aaineaaey e
ae?oaeo o?enoeaineeo oea?eaae.

“Oi, /oi ethaiaue anoue iaiaoiaeeiia e aeaaia oneiaea aeecie
/aeiaa/aneie, auei i?eciaaaaii anaie ?aeeaeiciuie o/aieyie ae?aaiinoe.
Ai anao o/aieyo: aaeiaoneeo ioae?aoeia, a?aieiia, noieeia, aoaeaeenoia,
oainenoia e ae?., ae?oaeaethaea, aeaeinoue, ieeina?aeea,
aeaaioai?eoaeueiinoue e aiiaua ethaiaue i?eciaaaeenue iaeiith ec aeaaiuo
aeia?iaeaoaeae”. Iaeiaei oieueei O?enoin aicaunee ethaiaue aei o?iaiy
iniiaiiieaaathuaai, aunoaai caeiia aeecie.

Eae aunoee, iniiaiiieaaathuee caeii aeecie, ethaiaue yaeyaony
aaeeinoaaiiui i?aanoaaiiui caeiiii. Caeii ethaae – ia caiiaaaeue, a
au?aaeaiea naiie nouiinoe o?enoeainoaa. Yoi – aa/iue eaeaae, e eioi?iio
ethaee aoaeoo aaneiia/ii no?aieoueny. Eenon O?enoin ia ia?aie/eaaaony
i?ieeaiaoeeae eaeaaea. Ia?yaeo n yoei ii aeaao caiiaaaee.

A oienoianeie eioa?i?aoaoeee oaeeo caiiaaaeae iyoue. Aio iie:

1) Ia aiaaaeny;

2) Ia inoaaeye aeaio;

3) Ia i?enyaae ieeiaaea ieeiio e ie a /ai;

4) Ia i?ioeaueny ceiio neeie;

5) Ia n/eoae ethaeae ae?oaeo ia?iaeia naieie a?aaaie.

Caiiaaaee O?enoa – “ana io?eoeaoaeueiua e iieacuaatho oieueei oi, /aai
ia ecaanoiie noaiaie ?acaeoey /aeiaa/anoaa ethaee iiaoo oaea ia
aeaeaoue. Caiiaaaee yoe nooue eae au caiaoee ia aaneiia/iii iooe
niaa?oainoaa…”. Iie ia iiaoo ia auoue io?eoeaoaeueiuie, iineieueeo
?a/ue eaeao ia iniciaiee noaiaie ianiaa?oainoaa. Iie – ia aieaa /ai
nooiaiue, oaa ia iooe e niaa?oainoao. Iie, yoe caiiaaaee, ninoaaeytho a
niaieoiiinoe oaeea enoeiu, eioi?ua eae enoeiu ia aucuaatho niiiaiee, ii
aua ia inaiaiu i?aeoe/anee, oi anoue enoeiu, ii ioiioaieth e eioi?ui
auyaeyaony naiaiaea nia?aiaiiiai /aeiaaea. Aeey nia?aiaiiiai /aeiaaea
iie oaea yaeythony enoeiaie, ii aua ia noaee iianaaeiaaiie i?eau/eie.
*aeiaae oaea niaao oae aeoiaoue, ii aua ia niiniaai oae iinooiaoue.
Iiyoiio iie, yoe aicaauaiiua Eenonii O?enoii enoeiu, yaeythony
eniuoaieai naiaiaeu /aeiaaea.

Iai?ioeaeaiea eae i?iyaeaiea caeiia ethaae

Ii iiaieth Oienoiai, aeaaiie ec iyoe caiiaaaeae yaeyaony /aoaa?oay: “Ia
i?ioeaueny ceiio”, iaeaaathuay cai?ao ia ianeeea. Ae?aaiee caeii,
inoaeaeaaoee cei e ianeeea a oeaeii, aeiioneae, /oi a ii?aaeaeaiiuo
neo/ayo iie iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu ai aeaai – eae ni?aaaaeeeaia
aiciacaeea ii oi?ioea “iei ca iei”. Eenon O?enoin ioiaiyao yoio caeii.
Ii n/eoaao, /oi ianeeea ia iiaeao auoue aeaaii ieeiaaea, ie i?e eaeeo
ianoiyoaeuenoaao. Cai?ao ia ianeeea yaeyaony aaniethoiui. Ia oieueei ia
aeia?i iaaei ioaa/aoue aeia?ii. E ia cei iaaei ioaa/aoue aeia?ii.

Ianeeea yaeyaony i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoueth ethaae. O Oienoiai anoue ii
e?aeiae ia?a o?e naycaiiuo iaaeaeo niaie ii?aaeaeaiey ianeeey.
Ai-ia?auo, ii ioiaeaeanoaeyao ianeeea n oaeenoaii eee oa?icie oaeenoaa.
Iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eiaiaiey ooueia, oth?ai, aenaeeoe e ae?oaeo n?aaenoa
oece/aneiai ?ac?ooaiey aicieeaao oiaaea, eiaaea noieo caaea/a aiaoiaai
i?eioaeaeaiey /aeiaaea e /aio-eeai. Ionthaea – aoi?ia ii?aaeaeaiea
ianeeey eae aiaoiaai aicaeaenoaey. Iaiaoiaeeiinoue aiaoiaai
aicaeaenoaey, a naith i/a?aaeue, iiyaeyaony oiaaea, eiaaea iaaeaeo
ethaeueie iao aioo?aiiaai niaeaney. Oae iu iiaeoiaeei e o?aoueaio,
naiiio aaaeiiio ii?aaeaeaieth ianeeey: “Ianeeiaaoue cia/eo aeaeaoue oi,
/aai ia oi/ao oio, iaae eioi?ui niaa?oaaony ianeeea”. A oaeii iiieiaiee
ianeeea niaiaaeaao ni ceii e iii i?yii i?ioeaiiieiaeii ethaae. Ethaeoue
– cia/eo aeaeaoue oae, eae oi/ao ae?oaie, iiae/eiyoue naith aieth aiea
ae?oaiai. Ianeeiaaoue – cia/eoue iiae/eiyoue /oaeoth aieth naiae.

Iai?ioeaeaiea – aieueoa /ai ioeac io caeiia ianeeey. “I?eciaiea aeecie
eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea nayuaiiie anoue ia?aia e aaeeinoaaiiia iniiaaiea
anyeie i?aanoaaiiinoe”. Iai?ioeaeaiea ceo eae ?ac e icia/aao i?eciaiea
ecia/aeueiie, aaconeiaiie nayoinoe /aeiaa/aneie aeecie.

*a?ac iai?ioeaeaiea /aeiaae i?eciaao, /oi aii?inu aeecie e nia?oe
iaoiaeyony ca i?aaeaeaie aai eiiiaoaioeee. Ii iaeiia?aiaiii aiiaua
ioeacuaaaony io oiai, /oiau auoue noaeueae ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaiio.
*aeiaaeo ia aeaii noaeeoue /aeiaaea. A oao aea neo/ayo, eiaaea iu eae
aoaeoi au noaeei ae?oaeo ethaeae, iacuaay iaeieo aeia?uie, ae?oaeo
ceuie, oi iu eee iaiaiuaaai naay e ie?oaeathueo, *aeiaae aeanoai oieueei
iaae niaie. “Ana, /oi ia oaiy aeooa, ana yoi ia oaia aeaei”, – aiai?eo
Oienoie. Iacuaay eiai-oi i?anooiieeii e iiaeaa?aay aai ianeeeth, iu
ioieiaai o iaai yoi /aeiaa/aneia i?aai. Ioeacuaaynue nii?ioeaeyoueny ceo
ianeeeai, /aeiaae i?eciaao yoo enoeio, ii ioeacuaaaony noaeeoue
ae?oaiai, eai ia n/eoaao naay eo/oa aai. Ia ae?oaeo ethaeae iaaei
eni?aaeyoue, a naiiai naay.

*aeiaae ea?aao naith nianoaaiioth ?ieue oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea ii
ai?aony ni ceii a naiii naaa. Noaay ia?aae niaie caaea/o ai?ioueny ni
ceii a ae?oaeo, ii anooiaao a oaeoth iaeanoue, eioi?ay aio ia
iiaeeiio?ieueia. Ethaee, niaa?oathuea ianeeea, eae i?aaeei, ne?uaatho
yoi. Ne?uaatho e io ae?oaeo e io naieo naay. A iniaaiiinoe yoi eanaaony
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ianeeey, eioi?ia oae i?aaieciaaii, /oi “ethaee,
niaa?oay naiua oaeaniua aeaea, ia aeaeyo naiae ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca ieo.
…Iaeie iio?aaiaaee, ae?oaea ?aoeee, o?aouee iiaeoaa?aeeee, /aoaa?oua
i?aaeeiaeeee, iyoua aeieiaeeee, oanoua i?aaeienaee, naaeueiua
eniieieee”. E ieeoi ia aeiiaao. ?aciuoinoue aeiu a iiaeiaiuo neo/ayo –
ia i?inoi ?acoeueoao iaia?aiiiai no?aieaiey ni?yoaoue eiioeu. Iia
io?aaeaao naii nouanoai aeaea: ianeeea iauaeoeaii yaeyaony iaeanoueth
ianaiaiaeiiai e aacioaaonoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey. Ethaee /a?ac neiaeioth
nenoaio aiaoieo iaycaoaeuenoa ieacuaathony nio/anoieeaie i?anooieaiee,
eioi?ua au ie iaeei ec ieo ia niaa?oee, anee au yoe i?anooieaiey
caaenaee oieueei io aai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie aiee. Iai?ioeaeaiea io ianeeey
ioee/aaony oai, /oi iii yaeyaony iaeanoueth eiaeeaeaeoaeueii
ioaaonoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey. Eae ie o?oaeia ai?ueaa ni ceii a naiii naaa,
iia caaeneo oieueei io naiiai /aeiaaea. Iao oaeeo nee, eioi?ua iiaee au
iiiaoaoue oiio, eoi ?aoeeny ia iai?ioeaeaiea.

Oienoie iiae?iaii ?anniao?eaaao ?anoiaeea a?aoiaiou i?ioea
iai?ioeaeaiey. O?e ec ieo yaeythony iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie.

Ia?aue a?aoiaio ninoieo a oii, /oi o/aiea O?enoa yaeyaony i?ae?aniui, ii
aai o?oaeii eniieiyoue. Aic?aaeay ia iaai, Oienoie ni?aoeaaao: a ?acaa
caoaaouaaoue nianoaaiiinoue e caueuaoue aa eaaei? A iaoaoue caieth ia
nii?yaeaii n o?oaeiinoyie? Ia naiii aeaea ?a/ue eaeao ia i o?oaeiinoe
eniieiaiey, a i eiaeiie aa?a, niaeanii eioi?ie aui?aaeaiea /aeiaa/aneie
aeecie caaeneo ia io naieo ethaeae, eo ?acoia e niaanoe, a io O?enoa ia
iaeaeao n o?oaiui aeanii eee enoi?e/aneiai caeiia. “*aeiaa/aneie
i?e?iaea naienoaaiii aeaeaoue oi, /oi eo/oa”. Iao iauaeoeaiiai
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey /aeiaa/aneiai auoey, a anoue ethaee, eioi?ua
i?eieiatho ?aoaiey. Iiyoiio ooaa?aeaeaoue ia o/aiee, eioi?ia ioiineony e
/aeiaa/aneiio auai?o, eanaaony ?aoeiinoe aeooa, a ia oece/aneeo
aiciiaeiinoae, ooaa?aeaeaoue i?i oaeia o/aiea, /oi iii oi?ioi aeey
ethaeae, ii iaauiieieii, – cia/eo i?ioeai?a/eoue naiiio naaa.

Aoi?ie a?aoiaio ninoieo a oii, /oi “iaeuecy eaeoe iaeiiio /aeiaaeo
i?ioea anaai ie?a”. *oi, anee, iai?eia?, y iaeei aoaeo oaeei e?ioeei,
eae o?aaoao o/aiea, a ana inoaeueiua aoaeoo i?iaeieaeaoue aeeoue ii
i?aaeiei caeiiai, oi y aoaeo iniayi, ecaeo, ?anno?aeyi, iai?anii
iiaoaeth naith aeeciue. O/aiea O?enoa anoue iooue nianaiey aeey oiai,
eoi neaaeoao aio. Iiyoiio oio, eoi aiai?eo, /oi ii ?aae au iineaaeiaaoue
yoiio o/aieth, aea aio aeaeei iiaoaeoue naith aeeciue, ii iaiueoae ia?a
ia iiieiaao, i /ai eaeao ?a/ue. Yoi iiaeiaii oiio, eae anee au oiiouee
/aeiaae, eioi?iio a?ineee aa?aaeo aeey nianaiey, noae au aic?aaeaoue,
/oi ii ioioii ainiieueciaaeny au aa?aaeie, aea aieony, /oi ae?oaea ia
naeaeatho oiai aea naiiai.

O?aoee a?aoiaio yaeyaony i?iaeieaeaieai i?aaeuaeoueo aeaoo e noaaeo iiae
niiiaiea inouanoaeaiea o/aiey O?enoa ec-ca oiai, /oi yoi nii?yaeaii n
aieueoeie no?aaeaieyie. Aiiaua aeeciue /aeiaa/aneay ia iiaeao auoue aac
no?aaeaiee. Aanue aii?in a oii, eiaaea yoeo no?aaeaiee aieueoa, oiaaea
ee, eiaaea /aeiaae aeeaao ai eiy Aiaa, eee oiaaea, eiaaea ii aeeaao ai
eiy ie?a. Ioaao Oienoiai iaeiicia/ai: oiaaea, eiaaea ii aeeaao ai eiy
ie?a. ?anniio?aiiay n oi/ee c?aiey aaaeiinoe e aiaaonoaa, aieacie e
caei?iauey, iaecaaaeiinoe nia?oe aeeciue o?enoeaieia ia eo/oa aeecie
ycu/ieea, ii iia ii n?aaiaieth n iineaaeiae eiaao oi i?aeiouanoai, /oi
ia iiaeiuaaony iieiinoueth ionoui caiyoeai iieiiai iaania/aiey aeecie,
iiaiiae ca aeanoueth, aiaaonoaii, caei?iaueai. A aeecie noi?iiieeia
o/aiey O?enoa iaiueoa no?aaeaiee oaea oioy au ii oie i?e/eia, /oi iie
naiaiaeiu io no?aaeaiee, naycaiiuo n caaenoueth, ?aci/a?iaaieyie io
iaoaea/ a ai?ueaa, niia?ie/anoaii. Iiuo, aiai?eo Oienoie, oaeaea
iiaeoaa?aeaeaao, /oi ethaee aeaaiui ia?acii no?aaeatho ia ec-ca eo
o?enoeaineiai anai?iuaiey, a ec-ca eo ie?neiai yaiecia. O/aiea O?enoa ia
oieueei aieaa i?aanoaaiii, ii iii e aieaa aeaai?acoiii. Iii
i?aaeinoa?aaaao ethaeae io oiai, /oiau iie ia aeaeaee aeoiinoae.

Oaeei ia?acii, iauaeaiiua a?aoiaiou i?ioea iai?ioeaeaiey yaeythony ia
aieaa /ai i?aae?annoaeeaie. N eo iiiiuueth ethaee no?aiyony iaiaiooue
naieo naay, iaeoe i?ee?uoea e ii?aaaeaiea naiaio aaci?aanoaaiiiio e
aeaaeueiiio ia?aco aeecie, oeoe io ee/iie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca oi, eae iie
aeeaoo.

Iai?ioeaeaiea anoue caeii

Caiiaaaeue iai?ioeaeaiey niaaeeiyao o/aiea O?enoa a oeaeia oieueei a oii
neo/aa, anee iiieiaoue aa ia eae ec?a/aiea, a eae caeii – i?aaeei, ia
ciathuaa eneeth/aiee e iaycaoaeueiia aeey eniieiaiey. Aeiionoeoue
eneeth/aiey ec caeiia ethaae – cia/eo i?eciaoue, /oi iiaoo auoue neo/ae
i?aanoaaiii ii?aaaeaiiiai i?eiaiaiey ianeeey. Anee aeiionoeoue, /oi
eoi-oi eee a eaeeo-oi ianoiyoaeuenoaao iiaeao ianeeeai i?ioeaeoueny
oiio, /oi ii n/eoaao ceii, oi oi/ii oae aea yoi iiaeao naeaeaoue e
ethaie ae?oaie. Aaaeue ana naiaia?acea neooaoeee e ninoieo a oii, /oi
ethaee ia iiaoo i?eeoe e niaeaneth ii aii?ino i aeia?a e cea. Anee iu
aeiioneaai oioue iaeei neo/ae “ii?aaaeaiiiai” oaeenoaa, oi iu ioe?uaaai
eo aaneiia/ioth /a?aaeo. *oiau i?eiaiyoue ianeeea, iaiaoiaeeii iaeoe
oaeiai aaca?aoiiai, eoi iiaeao aacioeai/ii noaeeoue i aeia?a e cea, a
oaeeo ethaeae ia nouanoaoao.

Oienoie n/eoae oaeaea ianinoiyoaeueiie a?aoiaioaoeeth a iieueco ianeeey,
niaeanii eioi?ie ianeeea ii?aaaeaii a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea iii i?anaeaao
aieueoaa ianeeea. Eiaaea iu oaeaaai /aeiaaea, eioi?ue caian iiae iaae
naiae aea?oaie, iu ieeiaaea ia iiaeai n iieiie aeinoiaa?iinoueth ciaoue,
i?eaae ee au ii naia iaia?aiea a aeaenoaea eee iao, ia eciaieeinue ee au
/oi-ieaoaeue a iineaaeiee iea a aai niciaiee. Eiaaea iu eaciei
i?anooiieea, oi iu iiyoue-oaee ia iiaeai auoue noii?ioeaioii oaa?aiu,
/oi i?anooiiee ia eciaieony, ia ?aneaaony e /oi iaoa eaciue ia ieaaeaony
aaniieaciie aeanoieinoueth. Ii e aeiionoea, /oi ?a/ue eaeao i
i?anooiieea caei?aiaeii, eioi?ue au ieeiaaea ia eciaieeny, eaciue ia
iiaeao auoue ii?aaaeaia, eai eacie oae aicaeaenoaotho ia ie?oaeathueo, a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue aeeceeo eacieiiio ethaeae, /oi ii?iaeaeatho a?aaia
aaeaia aieueoa e aaeaia ceaa, /ai oa, eoi auee oaeou e ca?uou a caieth.
Ianeeea eiaao oaiaeaioeeth aini?iecaiaeeoueny a ?anoe?ythueony
ianooaaao. Iiyoiio naiay eaeay ia?aie/aiiiai ianeeey e ia?aie/aiey
ianeeey ianeeeai yaeyaony eiaeiie. Eiaiii yoa-oi eaeay e auea ioiaiaia
caeiiii iai?ioeaeaiey. Ianeeea eaaei niaa?oeoue. Ii aai iaeuecy
ii?aaaeaoue. Oienoie aaaeao ?a/ue i oii, iiaeao ee nouanoaiaaoue i?aai
ia ianeeea, ia oaeenoai. Aai caeeth/aiea eaoaai?e/ii – oaeiai i?aaa ia
nouanoaoao. Anee iu i?eieiaai o?enoeaineea oeaiiinoe, e n/eoaai, /oi
ethaee ?aaiu ia?aae Aiaii, oi iaeuecy iainiiaaoue ianeeea /aeiaaea iaae
/aeiaaeii, ia iiie?ay caeiiu ?acoia e eiaeee. Iiyoiio-oi Oienoie n/eoae
nia?oioth eaciue oi?iie oaeenoaa, eioi?ay iaiiiai ooaea, /ai i?inoi
oaeenoai ec-ca no?anoe eee ii ae?oaei ee/iui iiaiaeai. Aiieia iiaeii
iiiyoue, /oi /aeiaae a ieiooiie ceiaa eee ?acae?aaeaiee niaa?oaao
oaeenoai, /oiau caueoeoue naay eee aeeceiai /aeiaaea, iiaeii iiiyoue,
/oi ii, iiaeaeaaoenue eieeaeoeaiiio aiooaieth, o/anoaoao a niaieoiiii
oaeenoaa ia aieia. Ii iaeuecy iiiyoue, eae ethaee iiaoo niaa?oaoue
oaeenoai niieieii, iaaeoiaiii, eae iie iiaoo n/eoaoue oaeenoai
iaiaoiaeeiui. Yoi auei auoa oienoianeiai ?acoiaiey. “Nia?oiay eaciue, –
ieoao Oienoie a “Ainiiieiaieyo i noaea iaae nieaeaoii”, – eae auea, oae
e inoaeanue aeey iaiy iaeiei ec oao ethaeneeo iinooieia, naaaeaiey i
niaa?oaiee eioi?uo a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ia ?ac?ooatho ai iia niciaiey
iaaiciiaeiinoe eo niaa?oaiey”.

Ii/aio ethaee aea?aeaony ca noa?ia?

“Noieo ethaeyi iiaa?eoue o/aieth O?enoa e eniieiyoue aai, e ie? aoaeao
ia caiea”. Ii ethaee a ianna naiae ia aa?yo e ia eniieiytho o/aiea
O?enoa. Ii/aio? Ii iiaieth E. I. Oienoiai, anoue ii e?aeiae ia?a aeaa
iniiaiua i?e/eiu. Yoi, ai-ia?auo, eia?oeey i?aaeoanoaothuaai
aeeciaiiieiaiey e, ai-aoi?uo, eneaaeaiea o?enoeaineiai o/aiey.

Aei oiai eae Eenon O?enoin noi?ioee?iaae caiiaaaeue iai?ioeaeaiey, a
iauanoaa ainiiaenoaiaaei oaaaeaeaiea, /oi cei iiaeii eno?aaeoue ceii.
Iii aiieioeeinue a niioaaonoaothuee no?ie /aeiaa/aneie aeecie, aioei a
auo, i?eau/eo. Naiui aeaaiui n?aaeioi/eai ianeeey yaeyaony ainoaea?noai
n aai a?ieyie, anaiauae aieineie iiaeiiinoueth, i?enyaaie, iiaeaoyie,
noaeaie, oth?ueiaie e o. ae. Neiaii, any oeeaeeecaoeey iniiaaia ia
caeiia ianeeey, oioy, e ia naiaeeony e iaio.

E. I. Oienoie n/eoaao, /oi enoeia O?enoa, eioi?oth iu iaoiaeei a
Aaaiaaeeyo, auea a ii neaaeothuai eneaaeaia ianeaaeiaaaoeie aio
oea?eaaie. Eneaaeaiey einioeenue o?ao iniiaiuo ioieoia. Ai-ia?auo,
eaaeaeay oea?eiaue iauyaeea, /oi oieueei iia i?aaeeueii iiieiaao e
eniieiyao o/aiea O?enoa. Oaeia ooaa?aeaeaiea i?ioeai?a/eo aeooo o/aiey,
eioi?ia iaoeaeeaaao ia aeaeaeaiea e niaa?oainoao e ii ioiioaieth e
eioi?iio ie iaeei ec iineaaeiaaoaeae, ie ioaeaeueiue /aeiaae, ie
nia?aiea ethaeae, ia iiaoo ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi iie aai ieii/aoaeueii
iiiyee. Ai-aoi?uo, iie iinoaaeee nianaiea a caaeneiinoue io
ii?aaeaeaiiuo ia?yaeia, oaeinoa e iieeoa, aicaaee naay a noaoon
iin?aaeieeia iaaeaeo ethaeueie e Aiaii. A-o?aoueeo, oea?eae eca?aoeee
niune naiie aaaeiie /aoaa?oie caiiaaaee i iai?ioeaeaiee ceo, iinoaaeee
aa iiae niiiaiea, /oi auei ?aaiineeueii ioiaia caeiia ethaae. Noa?a
aeaenoaey i?eioeeia ethaae auea noaeaia aei ee/iie aeecie, aeiiaoiaai
iaeoiaea, “aeey iauanoaaiiie aea aeecie i?eciaaaeinue iaiaoiaeeiui aeey
aeaaa aieueoeinoaa ethaeae oiio?aaeaiea i?ioea ceuo ethaeae anyeiai
?iaea ianeeey, oth?ai, eaciae, aiei, iinooieia, i?yii i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo
naiiio neaaiio /oanoao ethaae”.

“Aianoi oiai /oiau ?oeiaiaeeoue ie?ii a aai aeecie, oea?eiaue a oaiaeo
ie?o ia?aoieeiaaea iaoaoece/aneia o/aiea O?enoa oae, /oi ec iaai ia
auoaeaei ieeaeeo o?aaiaaiee aeey aeecie, oae /oi iii ia iaoaei ethaeyi
aeeoue oae, eae iie aeeee… Ie? aeaeae ana, /oi oioae, i?aaeinoaaeyy
oea?eae, eae iia oiaao, iiniaaaoue ca iei a naieo iauyniaieyo niunea
aeecie. Ie? o/?aaeaeae naith, ai anai i?ioeaioth o/aieth O?enoa aeeciue,
a oea?eiaue i?eaeoiuaaea eiineacaiey, ii eioi?ui au auoiaeeei, /oi
ethaee, aeeay i?ioeaii caeiio O?enoa, aeeaoo niaeanii n iei. E
eii/eeinue oai, /oi ie? noae aeeoue aeeciueth, eioi?ay noaea ooaea
ycu/aneie aeecie, e oea?eiaue noaea ia oieueei ii?aaaeuaaoue yoo
aeeciue, ii ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi a yoii-oi e ninoieo o/aiea O?enoa”. A
?acoeueoaoa neiaeeeinue iieiaeaiea, eiaaea ethaee ia neiaao eniiaaaeotho
oi, /oi iie ia aeaea io?eoeatho e eiaaea iie iaiaaeaeyo ii?yaeie aauae,
eioi?ue naie iiaeaea?aeeaatho. Ianeeea iieo/eei i?iaeieaeaiea a iaiaia.
“Eiaeue iiaeaea?aeeaaao aeanoieinoue aeecie, aeanoieinoue aeecie o?aaoao
ana aieueoa e aieueoa eaee, e, eae eii niaaa, iaoaea?aeeii ?anoao e oi,
e ae?oaia”.

Caeeth/aiea

Oienoiai /anoi oi?aeatho a aano?aeoiii ii?aeecia. *oi ii ec-ca noaoai
ii?aeueiuo niia?aaeaiee io?eoeae anyeia ianeeea e ?anniao?eaae eae
ianeeea anyeia oece/aneia i?eioaeaeaiea e /oi ii yoie i?e/eia ii cae?ue
naaa iooue e iiieiaieth anae neiaeiinoe e aeoaeiu aeeciaiiuo ioiioaiee.
Iaeiaei yoi i?aaeiieiaeaiea iai?aaeeueiia.

Eaeath iai?ioeaeaiey iaeuecy iiieiaoue oae, aoaeoi Oienoie aue i?ioea
niaianoiuo aeaenoaee, iauanoaaiii cia/eiuo aeoeee, aiiaua i?ioea i?yiuo
i?aanoaaiiuo iaycaiiinoae /aeiaaea ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaei ethaeyi.
Nianai iaiai?io. Iai?ioeaeaiea, ii iiaieth Oienoiai, anoue i?eeiaeaiea
o/aiey O?enoa e iauanoaaiiie aeecie, eiie?aoiue iooue, i?aia?acothuee
ioiioaiey a?aaeaeu iaaeaeo ethaeueie a ioiioaiey nio?oaeie/anoaa iaaeaeo
ieie.

Ia neaaeoao oaeaea n/eoaoue, /oi Oienoie i?ecuaae ioeacaoueny io
i?ioeaiaeaenoaey ceo. Iaiai?io, ii n/eoae, /oi i?ioeaeoueny ceo iiaeii e
ioaeii, oieueei ia ianeeeai, a ae?oaeie iaianeeuenoaaiiuie iaoiaeaie.
Aieaa oiai oieueei oiaaea ii ianoiyuaio iiaeii i?ioeaeoueny ianeeeth,
eiaaea ioeacuaaaoueny ioaa/aoue oai aea. “Caueoieee iauanoaaiiiai
aeeciaiiieiaiey iauaeoeaii noa?athony niaoaoue iiiyoea aeanoe, o. a.
ianeeea, n iiiyoeai aeooiaiiai aeeyiey, ii niaoaiea yoi niaa?oaiii
iaaiciiaeii”. Oienoie nai ia ?ac?aaaouaae oaeoeeo eieeaeoeaiiai
iaianeeuenoaaiiiai nii?ioeaeaiey, ii aai o/aiea aeiioneaao oaeoth
oaeoeeo. Ii iiieiaao iai?ioeaeaiea eae iiceoeaioth neeo ethaae e
i?aaaeu, e?iia oiai, ii i?yii iacuaaao oaeea oi?iu nii?ioeaeaiey, eae
oaaaeaeaiea, nii?, i?ioano, eioi?ua i?ecaaiu ioaeaeeoue /aeiaaea,
niaa?oathuaai cei, io naiiai cea, i?ecuaatho e aai niaanoe, aeooiaiiio
ia/aeo a iai, eioi?ua ioiaiytho i?aaeoanoaothuaa cei a oii niunea, /oi
iii ia?anoaao auoue i?aiyonoaeai aeey iineaaeothuaai nio?oaeie/anoaa.
Oienoie iacuaae naie iaoiae ?aaiethoeeiiiui. E n yoei iaeuecy ia
niaeaneoueny. Ii aeaaea aieaa ?aaiethoeeiiai, /ai iau/iua ?aaiethoeee.
Iau/iua ?aaiethoeee i?iecaiaeyo ia?aai?io ai aiaoiai iieiaeaiee ethaeae,
a oii, /oi eanaaony aeanoe e nianoaaiiinoe. Oienoianeay ?aaiethoeey
iaoeaeaia ia ei?aiiia eciaiaiea aeooiaiuo iniia aeecie.

Eniieueciaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a

Aaaaeaiea a oeeinioeth: A 2 o. I., 1990

Aonaeiia A. A. Aaeeeea ii?aeenou. I., ?anioaeeea, 1995

?icaioaeue I. I. Oeeinioneee neiaa?ue. I., Ecaeaoaeuenoai iieeoe/aneie
eeoa?aoo?u, 1975

Oeeinioneee yioeeeeiiaaee/aneee neiaa?ue. I., 1983

* Caeanue e aeaeaa eaau/eaie aoaeoo auaeaeyoueny nnueee ia E. I.
Oienoiai.

– PAGE 13 –

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