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1. Nouiinoue ie?iaicc?aiey. Ieo, ?aeeaey, oeeinioey.

I.- niaieoiiinoue eaeae, /onoa, yiioeee I-o iauaa ioiioaiea *. e ie?o.-
iiciaaaoaeueiue ieano;- yiioeeiiaeueiue;- iiaaaeai/aneee

Iniiaiua aii?inu: /oioaeia ie?;ii eaeei caeiiai ii ?acaaaaony; a /ai
niune aeecie; /oi oaeia aeia?i e cei.Aeeyiea: oaaaeaeaiey,
eaeaaeu.Noauaeo I. – ee/iinoue, nioe. a?oiia e iauanoai a oeaeii.Ieo –
iineo aeooiaii i?aeoe/aneee oa?aeoa? (oaioaceyie i?aia?aciauaaao
aeeciue)(oaeeniaiu).?aeeaey – iineo aeooiaii i?aeoe/aneee oa?aeoa?
(iaeiinoi?iiiee oa?aeoa?). Yoi I. – iiaaaeai/aneia ii naiae nooe.
(oaeeniaiu ia?anoaee iiiiaaoue) O. – any niaieoiiinoue acaeyaeia ia ie?,
I., Ia. e *. (ioee/ea – o?iaaiue iaiauaiey, oai?aoe/aneee oa?aeoa?)

2. Iniiaiie aii?in O e niaoeeoeea O ciaiey.

Iniiaiie aii?in: 1- /oi ia?ae/ii iaoa?ey eee niciaiea aeoo eee
i?e?iaea;2- iiciaaaai ee ie?;3- i?iaeaia “ ie?-/aeiaae”. Ooieoeee O:
1-iauyniaiea ie?a; 2-iaoiaeieiae/aneay (iaeiieaiea e iaiauaiea)
3-ioia?aaeaiea naiaai a?aiaie 4.ie?iaicc?ai/aneay.Aaaaeue – “O – yiioa,
noaa/aiiay a iiiyoeyo” Nouanoaotho ianeieueei ii?aaeaeaiee a caaeneiinoe
io no?oeoo?u O ciaiey: iioieiaey (c-iu ?acaeoey I, I, *), aiinnaieiaey
(ioia?aaeaiea anaiaueo c-ia a niciaiee *), aio?iiieiaey (O- iaoea i I
auoee I niciaiee).O- ie?iaicc?ai/aneay iaoea, ianooaaiue acaeyae ia
aeeciue, * e ae? aniaeou.

3. Oeeinioey e iaoea. Oeeinioey eae anaiauay iaoiaeieiaey.

1) iaeiieaiea ciaiee; 2) niaoeeaeecaoeey ciaiee; 3) oi?ie?iaaiea oai?ao.
?acaeaeia.A?enoioaeue – O – iaoea i ia?aii?eioeeiao, ia?aii?e/eiao. A
iaoa a?aiy ?acaeo iao/ii – ie?iaic. iiaeoiae (oaeay nenoaia iiieiaiey
ie?a e ianoa a iai *, eioi?ay iie?aaony ia iaoeo). Iaua – ie?iaic.,
oai?aoeei – iiciaaao., oeaiiinoiua ooeoeee aa?ao ia naay O. (iiae a
?oeao oe?o?aa e oaeeoeu)

ni 2.

4. Ieeaoneay oeiea i ia?aiiniiaao auoey.

Ia?aua o/aiey – a. Ieeao 7-6 a. aeiy – Oaean, Aiaeneiaiae?, Aiaeneiai.
Caaeaaoenue aii?inii ioeoaea ana aicieeaao e ai /oi i?aa?auaaony iie
eneaee ia/aei i?ienoeaeaeaiey e eciaiaiey anao aauae. Ia?aiaauanoai –
aeeaia a oeaeii e a /anoyo, iaaeaeaiiia aeooie e aeaeaeaieai.
Caieiaeenue e ?aciinoi?iiiae i?aeo aeayoaeueiinoueth.

OAEAN. eiiaoe 7 ia/aei6 aaeiy. Eoiaoe, iiiai iooaoanoaiaae.
Aeae?ieiaeaia?. I?iaeo iieeo iauaaeeiaiey iaeiac. ai?iaeia ia?aae
oa?icie Ia?nee. Ciaeii n aeinoeae. iaoee Aaa e Aaeioa. I?aaeneacae niei
caoiaiea a A. -585 aaeiy. Ecia?ae iaeio. ano?iiii i?eai?u.

Ana i?iecioei ec iaeiaai aeaaeiiai ia?aiaauanoaa eee aiaeu . Ana
?iaeaeaaony ec yoiai ia?aienoi/ieea. Caiey – ieineee aeene, ieaa. ia
iia. aiaeu. Aiaea e ana i?iecio ec iaa aaue – ia ia?oaua. Anaeaiiay
iieia aiaia, ana iaeooaaeaii. I?eia?u – iaaieo e yioa?ue iiaoo
i?eaiaeeoue a aeaeae. ae?. aaue – iie eiatho aeooo.

AIAENEIAIAe?. Ia?aienoi/iee – yoi iaeia ia?aiaauanoi (aiae?ii) ec
eioi?iai iainiae. i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoe oaieiai e oieiaeiiai, aeathuea
ia/aei anai aauai. Aiae?ii ia eiaao a?aieoe, ii aani?aaeaeai. Caiey –
oeeeeiae?. Ana iainiaeaoaany io aani?aaeaeueiiai aeieaeii aa?iooueny a
iaai. Iiyoiio ie?u aicieeatho e ?ac?ooathony.

AIAENEIAI. A?aiy caaiaaaiey Ieeaoa ia?naie. Ia?aiaauanoai – aicaeoo.
Ana aauanoaa iieo/athony iin?aaenoaii naouaiey e ?ac?yaeaiey aicaeooa.
Aicaeoo- yoi aeuoaiea, iaieiathuaa aanue ie?. Caiey – aeene,
iiaeaea?aeea. aiaeaeooii.

A 5 aaeiy Ieeao oo?aoee naiinoiyoaeueiinoue (Ia?nu) e ?acaeoea caeanue
oee i?ae?aoeeinue.

IEOAAI? E ?AIIEA IEOAAI?AEOeU.

Ieoaai?aeoeu io?uaaee /enea io aauae, i?aa?auaee eo a naiinoiyoaeueiua
nouanoaa, aaniethoece?iaaee e iaiaeanoaeyee eo. Nayu. iiiaaea(aaeeieoea)
– yoi iaoue aiaia, anaiauaa ia?aiia/i e iniiaa anao i?e?.yaeaiee.
Aeaieea – yoi i?eioeei i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoe, io?eoeaoaeueiinoe a i?e?iaea.

5. Iaoa?eaeenoe/aneee aoiieci Aeaiie?eoa e Yieeo?a

Iniiaaoaeue A. – Eaaeei.(?iaeaeai a Ieeaoa). Ana ninoieo ec iaeue/aeoeo
iaaeae. /anoeoe e ionoiou.

I?iaeieaeaoaeue A. – Aeaiie?eo (460 -370 aaaeiy). ?iaeeeny ai
o?aeeeneii ai?iaea Aaaea?ao. Iiauaae a no?aiao ainoiea. Eiathony o?oaeu
Ae. ioaaouaathuea aii?inu o., eiaeee, ineoieiaee, yoeeo, iieeoeee,
iaaeaaiaeee, oai?. eneonnoa, ycueiciaiey, iaoaiaoeee, oeceee,
einiieiaee. Aeoeaiue i?eaa?aeaiaoe ?aa. aeaiie?aoee.

Enoiaeiia iieiaeaiea a. nenoaiu – nou. aoiiia e ionoiou, ia?acothueo
naieei aaneii. iiiaiia?. niaaeeiaieyie ana neiaeiua oaea.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaeiie ec ae. i?aaeiinueie aai o/aiey yae. acaeyae ii
eioi?iio iuou. i?aaenoaaeytho oioy e iaaeinoaoi/iue, ii iaiaoiaeeiue
enoi/iee iiciaiey.

Iaaeinoaoi/iua e iaoi/iua naeaeaoaeuenoaa iuou. eni?aaeythony aieaa
oiieei oniio?aieai oia. Oae aoiiu e ionoioa iaaeaeeiu, ii eo
nou.oaeinoiaa?ythony iniiaaiiui ia /oanoa. iaaethaeaieyo ?aciuoeaieai.
Ae. ioee/aao oi , /oi nou. ai iiaieee io oiai, /oi nou. a
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. “eeoue a iauai iiaieee nou neaaeeia, a iiaieee –
ai?ueeia, a iiaiee – oaieia, a iiai. – oieiaeiia, a i. – oeaao, a
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoee aea nou. oieueei aoiiu e ionoioa.” Iaeiaei Ae. ia
io?eoeaao ?aaeueiinoue /oanoa. aini?eieiaaiiai. A aeaiiii neo/aa Ae.
aiai?eo i oii,/oi o. caieiaaony eco/aieai ia oiai, /oi ecaanoii anai, a
oiai , /oi eaaeeo a iniiaa anaai, ia?acoao aai i?e/eio. Ii-aeaeeiiio Ae.
ia niaeanai n oai, /oi /oanoa. aini?eyoey ea/anoa niaiaaeatho n naieie
ea/anoaaie.

Aoiiu nooue anaaici. iae. oaea, ia eiathuea ea/anoa, ionoioa aea –
iaoni, a eioi?ii ana yoe oaea, a oa/aiee anae aa/iinoe iinynue aaa?o e
aiec, eee nieaoathony iaaeaeo niaie, eee iaoaeeeaathony ae?oa ia ae?oaa
e ioneaeeaatho, ?anoiaeyony e niiaa noiaeyony a oaeea niaaeeiaiey, e
oaeei ia?acii iie i?iecaiaeyo e ana i?i/ea neiaeiua oaea e iaoe oaea, e
eo ninoiyiey e iuouaiey.

Aeey iauyniaiey ?aaeueiiai iiiaiia?acey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe Ae.
aeiioneaao, /oi aoiiu ?acee/. ii oi?ia ii?yaeeo e iieiaeaieth. Yoe
ioee/ey e eaaeao a iniiaa anao iaaethae. ioee/ee. Ie iaeii ec ieo
neaaeia. ia yae. aani?e/eiiui. Ii io?eoeaao iaee/ea oeaeaniia?aciinoe a
i?e?iaea.

A. o/aiea ?an?ino?aiyaony Ae. ia o/aiea i aeecie e aeooa. AEeciue e
nia?oue i?a. naiaeeony e niaae. e ?aceiaeaieth aoiiia. Aeooa ninoieo ec
iaiaiiuo aoiiia e anoue eo a?aiaiiia niaaeeiaiea. Aeooa ia aannia?oia.

Iniiaa iiciaiey – iuouaiey. Io aauae ioaeaeythony “aeaeeee” –
iaoa?eaeueiua oi?iu aauae, iie ianoony ai ana noi?iiu a ionoii
i?ino?ainoaa e i?iieeatho a i?aaiu /aanoa /a?ac ii?u. Anee ii?u niioa.
ii aaee/eia e oi?ia i?iieeathuei a ieo aeaeeeai, oi a iuou. aicieeaao
ia?ac i?aaeiaoa, niioa. naiiio i?aaeiaoo. O.i. oaea a iuou iu iieo/aai
aa?iue ia?ac i?aaeiaoa. Iaeiaei nou. i?aaeiaou, eio. a neeo naiae iaeie
aaee/eiu iaaeinooiiu /oanoaai, Oaeea na-aa aau. iinoeaathony oiii, eyoi
iici. oaeaea i.a. aeinoiaa?iui.

YIEEO?. (341-270aeiy Yiioa yeeeiecia) ?iaeeeny ia ino?iaa Naiina.
Ia?aaoae a Aoeiu, aaea iniiaae oeieo “Naae Yieeo?a”. Ae. caaea/a o. –
nicaeaiea yoeee, o/aiey i iiaaaeaiee, i?eaiaeyuai e n/anoueth. Ii yoeea
i.a. iino?iaia oieueei i?e oneiaee anee aoaeao ii?aaeaeaii ianoi, eio.
/aeiaae caieiaao a ie?a. Iiyoiio yoeea aeieaeia iie?. ia oeceeo, a
oeceea aeieaeii i?aaeoanoaiaaue ?ac?aa. oai?e iiciaiey.

Iaoa?eaeenoe/aneee nainoaeeci. Ana, /oi iu iuou. enoeiii. Ioeaee
aicieeatho io iai?aa. ioeaiee oiai, /oi iu iuou. Ia iniiaa iuou.
aiciiaeiu caeethaiey i i?aaeiaoao e eo i?e/eiao. Aini?eyoea – aaeeinoa.
e?eoa?ee enoeiiinoe, iii anoue e?eo. e aeey caeeth/aiee i oaeeo aauao,
eio. iaiin?aaenoaaiii iaie ia aini?eieiathony, eeoue au caeeth/aiey yoe
ia auee a eia. i?ioeai?e/ee n aeaiiuie aini?eyoeyie.

Y. i?eiye iniiaiua iieiaeaiey A. Aeaiie?eoa. Aeieacuaae, /i o/aiea i
i?e/eiiie iaiaoiaeeiinoe anao yae. i?e?iaeu ia aeieaeii aanoe e auaiaeai
i iaaiciiaeiinoe aeey /ae. naiaiaeu. A?aieao iaiaoiae. aeieaeai auoue
oeacai iooue e naiaiaea.

O Ae. aeaeae. aoiiia a iono. aucuaaaony iao. iaiaoiae. Y. iieaaaao, /oi
aea. iaoneiaeaii aioo?. na-aii aoiiia – eo oyaeanoueth, eio. ia?yaeo n
eo oi?iie, iieiaeaieai e ii?yaeeii noaiiaeony aaaeiui iauaeo.
ii?aaeaeaieai aoiia. Eie. oi?i aoiiia ia?aie/aii, o.e aoii ia iiae.
iaeaaeaoue a. oyaeanueth. I?e aeaeae. aoiiu iiaoo naiii?iecaieueii
ioeeii. ia iaaieueoie oaie e o.i ia?aoiaeeoue n i?yiie. iooae aeaeae. ia
e?eaieeiaeiua. Yoi yae. iaiaoiae. oneiaeai naiaiaeu /aeiaaea.

6. Noaiiaeaiea aeeaeaeoeee a aioe/iie oeeinioee. (Aa?aeeeo e Yeaaou)

Ana nou. aaue aicieeee ec iaoa?eaeueiiai ia?aiia/aea. Iaeiaei ia?aiaau.
– yoi iaiiue. Auai? iaiy a ea/. ia?aiaauanoaa iaoneiaeai acaeyaeaie A.
ia oa?aeoa? aeecie i?e?iaeu. Ie? iao. a iinoiyiiii i?ioeanna eciaiaiey,
a ec anao i?e?. aauae iaeaiea iiaeaeaeai, eciai/ea iaiiue. “ Yoio einiin
iaeei e oio aea aeey anaai nouanoaothuaai ia nicaeae ie eaeie aia e
ieeaeie aeiaae, ii anaaaea aue, anoue e aoaeao aa/ii aeeaui iaiai,
ia?aie caai?athueiny e ia?aie iioooathuei”. I?e/eia aa/iiai eciaiaiey –
ai?ueaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae.

Ie? inoaaony a iniiaa iaiai, ianiio?y ia ana eciaiaiey. Aeooa oiaea ec
iaiy, aeooa iaoa?eaeueia – yoi iaeiaiaa aeaaeiue iaiiue. Ana aaue
aicieeatho ec iaiy niaeanii iaiaoiaeeiinoe. Ie?ii i?aaeo “eiain”.(caeii,
iaiaoiaeeiinoue)”Aeaaea Nieioea ia iiaeao ia?anooieoue eiain.” Ie? anue
i?ioeann a eioi?ii anyeay aauue ia?aoiaeeo a naith i?ioeaiiie.(oieiaeiia
a oaieia, Aeiaeiia a nooia e iaiai?io)”Iaeuecy aeaaaeaeu aieoe a iaeio
?aeo” A /aeia. aeecie i?aa?au. a i?ioeaiiie. anoue ai?ueaa. Iia “ioaoe
anaai, oea?ue anaai”. Aeaaiaea?y ai?ueaa i?ioeaiiie. iaia?oaeeaaaony eo
aioo?aiiaa noiaenoai “thannia?oiua-nia?oiu, nia?oiua – aannia?oiu;
nia?oueth ae?oa ae?oaa iie aeeaoo, aeeciueth ae?oa ae?oaa iie oie?atho.”

Anaiauiinoue eciaiaiey e ia?aoiae eaaeaeiai ea/anoaa a i?ioeaii.
aeaeatho ana ea/. aauae ioiineoaeueiuie.(ii?neay aiaea – /enoaeoay e
aianoa n oai a?yciaeoay: aeey ?ua -ieoaoaeueia, aeey ethaeae -iaaiaeia)

Eiain – iniiaa anaiauiinoe e enoeiiinoe /ae. iiciaiey. A iniiaa
iuoeaiey eaaeao iuouaiey. Iuoeaiea i?aaeii/eoaao ana, /oi aeinooiii
/oanoaai c?aiey e neooa. Iaeiaei,n/eoaa A. aieueoeinoai ethaeae ia
ciatho anaiauaai e aa/iiai, ia euoo iiciaiey, i?eieiatho iiiaiciaiea ca
oi.

YEAAOU. A 6-5 aaaeiy oeaio? aeoo. ?acaeoey ia?aiau. a
TH.Eoaeeth.(caieaaeaeue/aneay iaeanoue). I?ae. auoey: auoea anoue a
iaauoey iao, auoea aaeeii e iaaeaeeii, auoea iiciaaaaii.

ENAIIOAI. 6-5 aaeiy. Iiyo oee. iiauaae a TH. Eoaeee aiiaua iiiai
iooaoanoaiaae. A eiioea aeecie iinaeeeny a Yeaa, aaea iiae aaiaeeyieai
aicieeea oeiea yeaaoia. E?eoeeiaae i?aaenoaaeaiey i iiiaeanoa
aiaia.(Anee au eioaaee iiaee ?eniaaoue oi iie ecia?aceee au naieo aiaia
a aeaea eioaaeae) . Ii iaioaeno. Ie? aa/ai e iaoie/oiaeei, i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie ia/oi aaeeiia e yoi aaeeiia e anoue aia. I?e?iaea ia
aiaeanoaaiia. Ana /oi ?iaeaeaaony e ?anoao anoue aiaea e caiey. I
i?e?iaea aiaia ia iiaeao auoue enoeiiiai ciaiey oieueei iiaiea.

IA?IAIEAe. Yeay. 6-5 aaaeiy. Ninoaaee caeiiu aeey Yeae, eioi?ua aeaaea
oai aeieai aeaenoaiaaee. Ie? – aau. oa?, a eioi?ii ieaaea iao ionoiou e,
neaaeiaaoaeueii aiciiaeiinoe aeaeaeaiey. (ana caiieiaii) Anyeay iuneue
anoue iuneue i nouanoaothuai. Iiyoiio ianouanoa. ieeae iaeuecy iuneeoue
eae ianou., ioeoaea ianouanoa. iao. Ionthaea iaaiciiaeii aicieeiiaaiea e
oie/oiaeaiea.

ec aan. caiieiaiiinoe neaaeoao, /oi ie? ia eiaao /anoae. Ii aaeei.
Iiiaeanoai – iaiai /oanoa. Ionthaea aea neaaeoao auaiae i iaaiciiaeiinoe
aeaeaeaiey, aicieeiiaaiey, oie/oiaeaiey. I?aaenoaaeaiey i aeaeaeaiee –
eueoue iiaiea, iianaaeiaaiua i?aaenoaaeaiey, io eioi?uo neaaeoao
ioee/aoue oee., eae o/aiea i enoeia, iaaeinooiiie aini?eyoeyi.

O/aiea I. iieii iaiao/iuo, ieoie. i?aaenoaaeaiee, A oeaio?a ie?a –
aiaeiy-i?aaeoaeueieoea (eee i?aaaea e iaiaoiaeeiinoue). Iia aea?aeeo
ae?aaee e i?aaeo anaie iaa. aeaeaeaieyie.

CAIII. O/aiee Ia?i..Auaeaeioe ?yae iieiaeaiee a cau. o/aiey I.(aii?ee)
Aeieacuaae iaaiciiaeiinoue aeaeaeaiey(iaoaoeceea). I?aaeiieiaeaiea, /oi
aeaeae. iuneeii i?eaiaeeo e i?ioeai?a/eyi – iii ia iiaeao
inouanoaeoueny.( Aeey oiai /oiau aeaeaaoueny no?aea aeieaeia a iaeei
iiiaio a?aiaie iaoiaeeoueny a ii?. ianoa e ia iaoiaeeoueny a iai. Ii yoi
i?ioeai?a/eai – iaaiciiaeii) A yoeo ia?aaeienao aii?in ia a oii,
aiciiaeii ee aini?eyoea aeaeae /oanoaaie, a a oii, iiaeii ee iuneeoue
aeaeae. i?e oneiaee, /oi i?ino?ainoai ninoieo ec aaneiia/iiai iiiaeanoaa
iaaeaeeiuo /anoae (aeooaeueiay aeneiia/iinoue), a a?aiy ec a. iiiaeanoaa
iaaeaeeiuo iiiaioia. A yoeo aii?eyo aia?aua a enoi?ee /aeiaa/anoaa
ianoaeaeathony i?iaeaiu iai?a?uaiinoe e aaneiia/iinoe. Aii?ee aeaee
oie/ie ?acaeoeth aeeaeaeoeee.

7. OEEINIOEss IEAOIIA

Aeaieo?a – aeineiaii – ianoa?, ?aianeaiiee, a ia?aiiniii niunea –
nicaeaoaeue, oai?aoe – a eaeaaeenoe/aneie oeeinioee Ieaoiia e a o/aieyo
iaiieaoiieeia – oai?aoe ie?a, nicaeaoaeue anaeaiiie, iaeii ec
ii?aaeaeaiee aiaeanoaa.

Ie? /aanoa aauae ia anoue ie? iiaeeeiii nouaai: /oanoa aaue aiciee e
iiaeaatho, eciaiythony e aeaeaeoony, a ieo iao ie/aai enoeiiiai.
Iiaeeeiie nouiinoueth aauae eo i?e/eiaie yae aanoaeaniua ia/oanoa oi?iu
(eaeae eee aeaeu), iinoeaaaiua oiii. Ii ioiio e /oano aauai eaeae e
i?e/eiu e ia?acoeu e oeaee, eio no?aiyony aaue, e iiiyoey ia iauae
iniiaa aauae eaaeaeiai eeanna.

O.e. /oano aaue i?aoiaeyue oi iie aeieaeiu auoue iaoneiaeau ia ieueei
auoeai, ii e iaauoeai. Yoi iaauoea anoue iaoa?ey. (iae ia?ae?au
aeaeaeaiey, aicieeiiaaiey e eciaiaiey) Iaoa? i?eieiaao ia naay eaeae e
i?aa?au eo ai iiiaeanoai /. aauae, ?acaeaeaiiuo i?ino?ainoaii.

Iaeanoue eaeae i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ie?aieaeo, ia aa?oeia eio eaeay
aeaaa. Iia iaoneaaeeaaao iiciaaaaiinoue, nou i?aaeiaoia, io iaa iie
iieo/ naith nouiinoue. Eaeay aeaaa yae ia oieueei aa?oiaiie i?e/eiie
auoey, ii e aai oeaeueth (oaeaieiaey – o/aiea i oeaeaniia?aciinoe)

Eaeae aa/iu, ieaciaiiu, oiaeaeanoaaiiu, ia caa io oneiaee i?ino?ainoaa
e a?aiaie.Ie? / aauae – ie? aa/iiai aicieeiia e aeaaee, aeaeae e
eciai/eainoe, a iai ana naienoaa ioiineoaeueiu, ia?aie/aiu one
i?ino?ainoaa e a?aiaie.

Ciaiea anoue i?eiiieiaiea. Aei naiaai anaeaiey a iaiei/eo aeooa
i?aauaaea ia iaaa e nica?oeaea oai enoeiii nouaa. Niaaeeieaoenue n oaeii
aeooa caauaaao oi, /oi ciaea, ii a aeoaeia yoe ciaiey inoathony.
Aeni?eyoey iao i?aaeiaoia iaiiieiatho aeooa iicaauoua ae ciaiey.

Eaeae iiciathony iooai eiooeoeee, iacaaeneiie io /oano aini?eyoey,
/oanoa aaue io?aaeathony eeoue ai iiaieyo, eio ia aeatho iiaeeeiiiai
ciaiey. Na?aaeeio iaaeaeo ii e iiaeeeiiui ciaieai caieiatho iaoaiao
ciaiey.Iie eiatho ia/oi ?iaenoaaiiia /oano aauai e eaeayi.

Auoea – oiaeaeanoaaiiia e iaeciaiiia, iaeiaei a aeeaeiaao Nioeno e
Ia?iaieae I. i?eo e auaiaeo, /oi aunoea ?iaeu nouaai – Auoea, aeaeae.,
iieie, oiaeaeanoai e eciaiaiea – iiaoo iuneeony oieueei oaeei niiniaii,
/oi eaaeaeue ec ieo e anoue e ia anoue, e ?aaa naiiio naaa e ia ?aaai.,
e oiaeaeanoaaiai naaa e i?aoiaeeo a eiia. Oae auoea iineieueeo iii
?anniao? naii ii naaa – aaeeii, aa/ii, oiaeaeanoaaiii, iaeciaiii,
iaiiaeaeaeii, ii iii aea iineieueeo iii ?anni ii ioiio e eiiio,
niaea?aeeo a naaa ?acee/ea, eciai/eai , iiaeaeaeii. Iiyoiio auoea
niaea?aeo a naaa i?ioeai?a/ey: iii aaeeii e iiiaeanoaaiii, aa/ii e
i?aoiaeyua, iaeciaiii e eciai/eai.

I?ioeai?a/ey anue iaiaoi oneiaea aeey iiaoaeaeaieth aeooe e iuoeaieth.
Eneonnoai iiaoaeaeaoue e ?aciuoeaieth iin?aaenoaii auyaeaiey
i?ioeai?a/ee, oayueony a iianaaeiaaiuo iiaieyo, anoue , ii I., eneonnoai
aeeaeaeoeee.

A einiiaiie/aneii o/aieeI ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi iineaaeieie ye-oaie anao
aauae yae iaaeaeeiua o?aoaieueieee eee aaiiao?e/aneoa aanoaeaniua aoiiu.

*ae aeooa iacaaeneia io oaea e aannia?oia. Aeooa ninoieo ec 3 /anoae:
?acoiiie, eio nicaeaaony naiei oai?oeii, aooaeoeaiie e aiaeaeaeathuae,
eio nicaeathony iecoeie aiaaie. Iiaaaea ?acoiiie /anoe iaae no?anoyie e
aiaeaeaeaieyie aici i?e niioa ainieoaiee. O.e. ethaee ia iiaoo ee/iuie
oneeeyie i?eae e niaa?oainoao oi iaiaoiaeeii ain-ai e caeiiu. Ain-ai
iniiaaii ia ?acaeaeaiee o?oaea iaaeaeo ?ac?yaeaie naia a?aaeaeai.

A o/. i aeaeaiee a?aaeaeai ia ?ac?yaeu I ?oeiaiaenoaoaony naiae eeanneo
/anoae aeooe. ?ac /anoe aeieaeai niioa ?ac?yae i?aaeoaeae-oeeinioia,
aooaeoiie – aieiia, aiaeaeaeaiiie – ?aianeaiieeia. Eaaeaeue ?ac?yae
aeieaeai auoue ia?aie/ai auiiei naieo iaycaiiinoae e aicaea?aeea io aiao
a aeaea ae?oaeo.

*anoiay nianoa e naiuey – iiae?uaatho oneiaey iauanoaa. Iiyoiio I
?ac?aaioae ieai iauaaeeoey, iniiaaiiiai ia ono?aiaiee aeey i?aaeo e
aieiia – ee/iie nianoaaiiinoe, a oaeaea o/aiea i iauiinoe aeai e ain
ainieoaiee aeaoae.

8. Iniiaiua /a?ou oeeinioee A?enoioaey.

E?eoeea I. oai?eee “eaeae”, Eiaeea. O/aiea A. – iauaeoeaiue eaeaaeeci.
Iii neiaeeeinue a ?ac. e?eoeee o/ai.I. ia eaeayo. Yoa oai?.(ia eaeayo)
ianinoiyo. ii ?yaeo i?e/ei:

Eaeae I – eiiee /oanoaaiiuo aauae e ia ioee/athony io ieo ii naiaio
niaea?aeaieth.

2.Oae eae I. ioaeaeee ie? eaeae io ie?a aauae, oi eaeae ie/aai ia iiaoo
aeaoue nouanoaiaaieth aauae.

3. Ooaa?aeaeay , aoaeoi eaeae ioiinyony e ae?. eaeayi, eae iauaa e
/anoiiio I. aiaaeaao a i?ioeai?a/ea (Eaaeaeay eaeay anoue iaeiia?aiaiii
e nouiinoue, oae eae aoaeo/e iauae, iia i?enoonoaoao a iaiaa iauae, e
ianouiinoue, o.e. naia iia a naith i/a?aaeue i?e/anoia e noiyuae iaae
iath aieaa iauae eaeaa, eio. e aoaeao aa nouiinoueth).

4. I. o/aiea i nou. eaeae iacaaeneiuo ii ioiio e aauai /oanoa ie?a
i?eaiaeeo e iaeaiiio auaiaeo: oae eae iaaeaeo eaeayie e aauaie anoue
noiaenoai e oae eae ii I., aeey anaai noiaeiiai aeieaeia nou aaeay, oi
e?iia eaeae , iai?ei. /ae. e e?iia niioa ae aauae, aeieaeia nou eaeay
oiai noiaeiiai , /oi nou iaaeaeo ieie. Aeaeaa aeey yoie iiaie eaeae /ae
e aeey iao iiae iath ia?aie eaeae e aa aauae aeieaeia nou aua iaeia –
o?aouey – eaeay…

5. Iainiaea eaeae a ie? aa/iuo nouiinoae, ioee/iue io eciai/eaiai
/oanoa. ie?a, I. eeoee naay aici. iauynieoue oaeou ?iaeaeaiey, aeaaee e
aeaeaeaiey.

Ii A. eaaeaeay aaeei. aauue anoue aaeeinoai iaoa?ee e oi?iu. Oi?ia
iaiaoa?eaeueia, ii iia ia anoue e iioonoi?iiiyy nouiinoue. Oae iaaeiue
oa? anoue aaeeinoai aauanoaa – iaaee – e oi?iu – oa?iaeaeiinoe, eio.
i?eaeaia iaaee ianoa?ii, ii a ?aaeueii nou. oa?a iia ninoaaeyao iaeii n
aauanoaii.

I?ioeaiiie. iaoa?ee e oi?iu iaaaconeiaiay. Iaaeue anoue iaoa?ey ii
ioiioaieth e oa?o, ii iia aea e oi?ia ii ioiio. e oec. yeaiaioai,
niaaeeiaieai eio., ii A. yaeyaony iaaeue. Iaaeue eeoaia oi?io o.e. aua
ia yae. oa?ii e a oi aea a?aiy iia anoue aiciiaeiinoue oi?iu. Oi?ia
anoue aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue oiai aiciiaeiinoueth /aai yae. iaoa?ey.
Niaeanii . a i?aaeaeao ie?a /oanoa. aauae aiciiaeai iineaaeia. ia?aoiae
io iaoa?ee e niioiineoaeueiie ae oi?ia e iaiai?i. Eaoaai?eee yoe o.i.
noaiiayony oaeo/eie.

eaaeaeay oi?ia iiaeio ?anni. e eae iaoa?ey aeey eio. aeieaeia nou
niioa. ae aunoay oi?ia. Iai?eia? anee ee?ie/, yae. oi?iie aeeiu, ?anni.
eae iaoa?eth, oi oi?iie yoie iao. aoaeao aeii. Iaeiaei oae iu
iiaeieiaainy aei oi?iu, eio. oaea iaeuecy ?anni eae iaoa?eth. Oaeie
i?aaeaeueiie oi?iie yae. ia?aiaeaeaaoaeue eee aia. – eaeaaeeci. Ii
aiiaua ii A. /oanoaaiii- aini?ei aaue anoue aaeeinoai iaoa?ee e oi?iu.

Oai?ey iiciaiey. Enoiaeiay oi/ea – nouanoa. iacaaeneiie io noauaeoa
iauaeoeaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Iuou. /ae. yaeythony io?aaeaieyie,
eiieyie i?aaeiaoia ai. ie?a. O. i. enoi/ieeii iiciaiey yae. /oanoa iiuo,
a iuou. i?aaeiieaaaao iacaaeneiue io niciaiey i?aaeiao aini?eyoey. E
oioy ii iieaaaao , /oi a ?acoia iao ie/aai, /oi a auei au ?aiueoa a
iuou., ooaa?aeaeaiea yoi ii ia ?ani?inoaiyao ia iineaaeiea aeneiiu
iaoee, eio ii aai iiaieth ia iiaoo auoue auaaaeaiu ec aunoeo ii
ioiioaieth e iei iieiaeaiee e eio. aeieaeiu auoue i?eciaiu
oiic?eoaeueiuie, a ia iiuoiuie i?aaeiinueeaie ciaiee.

Eiaeea ii A. – iaoa i aeieacaoaeuenoaa, a oaeaea i oi?iao iuoeaiey,
iaiao aeey iiciaiey. Nayce iuneae yae. ii A. io?aaeaieyie iauaeo. nou
naycae. A. ?anni. eia. no?iaiea noaeaeaiee, aii?inu i oa?ieiao, ia
ii?aaeaeaiee no?iaiee e i i?aa oiicaeeth/aiee e aeie-a. A oeaio?a anao
yoeo enne. eaaeeo oai?ey oiicaeeth/aiee. A niioa. n niaoeeoeeie
aioe/iiai ciaiey, ia?aie/. i?yiui iaaethaeaieai e iino?iaieai oiic?eo.
aeiioac, A. aeaaiia cia/. i?eaeaao aeinoiaa?iui e iaiaoiaeeiui auaiaeai,
a ia auaiaeai aa?iyoiinoe e aiciiaeiinoe. Iiyoiio ii ia ia?aue ieai
uaeaeaaao aeaeae iunee io iauaai e /anoiiio (aeaaeoeoeey) a ia
eiaeoeoeethia?au. iaei aieiaiey.

Einiieiaey e oeceea. Einiieiaey – aaioeaio?e/aneay. Caiey – oa?.
Enoi/iee aeaeaeaiey – aia (ia?aiaeaeaaoaeue).

Iauanoaaiii iieeo. oai?ee A. Iaeeo/oee ec anao eeannia –
caieaaeaeue/aneee., iaeiaei iie a neeo naiaai ia?aca aeecie e oa??eoi?.
?aniueaiiinoe ia iiaoo aeoeaii aiaoeaaoueny a aii?. oi?aaeaiey, Yoei
aeaeii aeieaeiu caiei n?aaeiacaaeeoi/ioa eeannu iauanaa.

A ?acea/aao 3 oi?. e 3 ieioeo oi?iu oi?aaeaiey ain-aii. Oi?ioeie ii
n/eoaao oi?iu, i?e eio. eneeth/aia aiciiaeiinoue ei?unoiiai
eniieueciaaiey aeanoe, a naia aeanoue neoaeeo iauanoao a oeaeii – oaeiau
iiia?oey, a?enoie?aoey e iieeoey (aeanoue n?aaeiaai eeanna, iniia. ia
niaoaiee ieeaa?oee e aeaiie?aoee). Ieioea eee au?iaeeaoeany oi?iu – yoi
oe?aiey, ieeaa?oey e e?aeiyy aeaiie?aoey.

9. Iniiaiua /a?ou n?aaeiaaaeiaie oeeinioee.I?iaeaia oieaa?naeee. ?aaeeci
e iiiaiaeeci.

Aicieeei oaiae. iauanoai (e?aiinoiia i?aai). Cia/. ?ieue ea?aei
aeooiaainoai. Iiianou?e auee e e?aiinoyie e oeaio?aie caieaaeaeey e
i/eaaie i?inaauaiey e eoeueoo?u. Oea?eiaue noaea o?aieoaeueieoeae
ienueiaiiinoe e ia?aciaaiiinoe a Aa?iia. ?aiiaa n?aaeiaaaeiauea
oa?aeoa?. noaiiaeaieai o?eno. aeiaiaoeee a oneia. oi?ie?iaaiey aa?.
aioae. a ?-oa iaaeaiey ?eineie eiia?ee. A oneiaeyo aeanoeiai aeeeoaoa
oea?eae e ain aeanoe o. auea iauyaeaia neeaeaieie aiaineiaey, eio.
aeieaeia auea eniieueciaaoue naie ?aoeeii. aiia?a aeey iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey
aeiaiaoia o?enoeainoaa. Yoa oee. iieo/eea iacaaiea
“noieanoeee”.(iie?aeanue ia oi?i. eiaeeo A?enoioaey)

Ni 2a. A?. aiieiaaou ia?au e eiia?aoi?ai, i?aneaaeiaaaoei o?. Iie no?ai
aeieacaoue, /oi o?. iiaeieiaao oaeea aii?. eio. noaaeea e i?aaeoanoa.
a?. oee., ii aeaao aieaa iaa?o eo ?ac?aoaiea. Aeaeiue aiieiaao –
Oa?ooeeai (ec Ea?oaaaia, 2a.) – nou. iai?eie?eiia ?aciiaeanea iaaeaeo
?aeeaeae, aiae. ioe?iaaieai, nayu. ienaieai e /ae. ioae?inoueth. Ia
nicaeaa o. nenoai ai. iaeiaei iaiaoeee e?oa aii?inia, eio. noaee
iniiaiuie aeey o?. o. (i aiaa, i oai?aiee ie?a, i i?e?. /ae e aai
oeaeyo).

Iaeaieaa aeeyo. ec iooeia oea?eae – yoi Aaaonoei (354 -430, ?iae. a
Oaaanoa -ao?ee. Ioieaeey) Aeieacuaae, /oi aia yae. aunoei aueai, Aia
nioai?ee ie? ec ie/aai ii naiae aeia?ie aiea, a ia ii iaiaoiaeeiinoe.
Ie? i?aaenoaeyao niaith iai?a?. eanoieoeo nouanoa, ainoieaeyuoth e
nicaeaoaeth. Iniaia ianoi caieiaao /ae., eio niaaeeiyao i?e?. iao oaea e
iaeaaeaao ?acoii. aeooae e naia. aiee. Aeooa iaiaoa?, aannia?ia.
Noauaeoeaii /ae aeaenoaoao naiaiaeii, ii ia naiii aeaea ana, /oi ii
aeae., aeaeaao /a?ac iaai aia.

Noieanoeea. Ae. iai?aaeaiea a ?aca o. n?aaeiaa. Iia i?aiiaeaa a oeieao
e oieaa?neoaoao. 3 ia?eiaea: 1.?aiiyy noie.(9-12a) 2.ia?eiae
o?aeinoe(13a) 3.oiaaeie (14-15a) Oeaio?. aii?in – i ioiioaiee ciaiey e
aa?a. N/eoaeinue , /oi enoeia oaea aeaia a aeae. oaenoao e iaiaoiaeeii
i?aaeeueii enoieeiaaoue eo. O.e. a. oaenou ioee/aeenue eiineacaoaeueiui
oa?., oi aeey eo oieeiaaiey o?aaia. eciu?aiiay eiaeea.

Iaeiei ec aaaeiuo o. aii?inia, aue aii?in ia ioiioaiee iauaai e
aaeeie/iiio. Nii? ii yoiio iia. ecaanoai eae nii? i oieaa?naeeyo, o.a i
i?e?. iaueo ?iaeia e iiiyoee. Nou. 2 iniiaiuo ?aoaiey yoiai aii?ina.

1.iauea ?iaeu (oiea.) nou. ?aaeueii, iacaaeneii io /ae. – ?aaeeci.(Eiaii
Neio Y?eoaaia, Oiia Aeaeineee) 3 aeaea nou. oieaa?naeee: (o?iyeinoue
nouanoaiaaiey) “aei aauae” a aiae. ?acoia, “a naieo aauao” eae eo
nouiinoue eee oi?iu e “iinea aauae” – a /ae. ?acoia eae ?-o aano?aeoeee.
– oia?aiiue ?aaeeci ( nou e e?aeiee ?aae. – iauaa nou. oieueei aia aauae
-Ainaeuei). I. Aaaey? – nou. oieueei aaeei. aaue. Ii iie iiaoo auoue
noiaeiu iaaeaeo niaie, ia yoii no. e iniia. aiciiaeiinoue oieaa?naeee.
Eiaaea iu ooaa?aeaeaai /oi-oi ii ioiio e iiiaei aauai, iaoa ooaa?aeae.
ioiineony ia e aau., a e neiao (yoi iiieiaeeci). Ii ia?yaeo n yoei ii
i?aaeiie. ?aaeueiinoue iaueo iiiyoee a oia aiaa. Yoi ia?acoeu ii eio aia
oai?eo aaue.

2.Oieaa?naeee ia nou. ?aaeueii, iacaa io /aeia. Iie nooue oieueei
eiaia.(?inoeaeei). Nou. oieueei eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia e oieueei iii iiaeao
auoue i?aaei. iiciaiey. – iiieiaeeci. I?aaenoaaeoaeue Oeeueyi Ieeai.
Caaea/a ciaiey – iinoeaeaiea /anoiiai, aaeeie/iiai. Iauaa nou. oieueei
a oia /ae.. A naieo aauao iao ie iauaai ie aaeeie/iiai. E oi e ae?.
i?enoua oieueei iaoaio niiniao ?annieo?aiey iaeiie e oie aea aaue. Aeey
iauyniaiey ia?aoiaea iunee e iauaio I. aaiaeeo iiiyoea eioaioeee, o.a. i
iai?aaeaiiinoe iunee, i eia. e ineo. aeoao eee ciaeao. Ana iauea iiiyoey
– yoi ciaee, eiae/anee iaicia/athuea iiiaea iauaeou.

Aeaaiua i?aaenoaaeoaee noie. Aeueaa?o Aieueooaaeneee, Oiia Aeaeineee,
Aeoin Neio e ?aeioiae Eoeeee.

10. Oeeinioey O. Aeaeineiai (iainiiaaiea eaeae aiaa, oai?ey
“aeaienoaaiiie” enoeiu).

A (1225-1274)(aiaaeueneee aeieoi?) (oi?ioi eco/ee A?anoioaey) –
?acaeaeyao aiaeaoaaiioth iaeanoue io ie?neie. Ii ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi
iiciaoue A iaaiciiaeii. O e iaoea aeieaeiu neoaeeoue oaieiaee aeey
ai?ueau n iaiaaeeaie i?ioea aa?u (o?enoeaineei o/aieai ai?ioueny iaeuecy
iineieueeo iii iaaeinyaaaii aeey * ?acoia). Enoeia – iaeia,
o?enoeaineay, a iaoea eeoue iuoaaony i?eaeeceoueny e iae.

Iyoue aeieacaoaeuenoa nouanoaiaaiey A:

1) ana aeaeaeaony => iaiaoiaeei ia?aiaeaeaaoaeue; 2) nouanoaotho
i?e/eiii – neaaenoaaiiua ayce => iaiaoiaeeia ia?aii?e/eia; 3) oeaii/ea
neo/aeiiai e iaiaoiaeeiiai => ia?aay iaiaoiaeeiinoue – A. 4) Eaaeaeay
aauue eiaao noaiaiue ea/anoau ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaie => iaeaunoay
noaiaiue ea/anoaa – A. 5) Ana i?ienoiaeeo ia iieueco => nouanoaoao
eoi-oi eoi iai?aaeyao ana e ii?aaeaeaiiie oeaee.

11. Aoiaieci – iniiaiay /a?oaoeeinioee aic?iaeaeaiey(Iaeeaaaeee, Ii?,
Eaiiaiaeea).

Iaeeeaaaeee – eoae. iau aeayoaeue, iieeoe/ iuneeoaeue enoi?ee aiai
oai?aoee. Ain-ai i?eciaaony I aunoei i?iyaeaieai /aeiaa/ aeooa, a
neoaeaiea ain-ao – oeaeueth, niuneii e n/anoueai /aeiaa/ aeecie.
?acaeaeyy o?aaeeoe o?eno i?aaenoaaeaiea ia ecia/aeueiii cea /aeiaa/
i?e?iaeu I ioaiaeeo ainieoao ooieoeee ia oea?eae (/oi auei ii?iie
n?aaeiaaae oeeinioee) a ain-ao. Iieeoe/ eaeaae I – ?eineay ?anioaeeea, a
eioi?ie ii aeaeae aiieiuaiea eaeae neeueiiai ain-aa, oiathuaai
nio?aiyoue aioo?aiiee ii?yaeie e ?ani?ino?aiyoue aioo? ii?yaeie e
?ani?ino?aiyoue aeeyiea ia ae?oaea ia?iaeu. I iienuaae no?ie
ae?aaia-?eineiai ain-aa n o c? ene?aiiaai ?anioaeeeaioea, i?eaa?aeaioea
aeaiie?aoee. Ii n/eoae, /oi ?anioaeeea – eo/oay oi?ia aeaiie?aoee o e
eaaeaeiai aeaeaao ioaaonoaaiiui ca noaeueao ain-aa. Ii ?ani oi?ia
i?aaeaiey ia anaaaea aiciiaeia; iaeuecy nio?aieoue naiaiaeiua
iieeoe/aneea o/?aaeaeaiey, anee a ia?iaea ia ?acaeou a??aaeaeaineea
aeia?iaeaoaee. ?eineay ?ani aeinoeaea iiaouanoaa iioiio, /oi noiaea
ainieoaoue ?ani aeoo a ?ei ia?iaea.

Oiian Ii? – aiae aoiaieno, ain aeayoaeue e ienaoaeue. Eaoieee, noi?iiiee
aa?oiaiie aeanoe IAIU. Aaoi? o?aeoaoa «Ooiiey» – ianoi, eioi?iai iao,
neiai a iineaaenoaee noaei ia?eoeaoaeueiui. A «Ooiiee» I aia?aua
ecia?acee iauanoai, aaea eeeaeaee?iaaia /anoiay (e aeaaea ee/iay)
nianoaaiiinoue e aaaaeaii ia oieueei ?aaainoai iio?aaeaiey (eae a
?aiiao?eno iaueiao), ii iaiauanoaeaiu i?iecaiaenoai e auo. O?oae
ninoaaeyao iaycaiiinoue anao a?aaeaeai, ?ani?aaeaeaiea i?ienoiaeeo ii
iio?aaiinoe, ?aai/ee aeaiue nie?auai aei 6 /ania; iaeaieaa oyaeaeua
?aaiou auiieiytho i?anooiieee. Iieeoe/ no?ie iniiaai ia i?eioeeiao
auai?iinoe e noa?oeinoaa. Naiuey i?aaenoaaeaia y/aeeie eiiioienoe/ auoa.
Iia i?aaieciaaia ia noieueei ia ?iaeoaaiiuo, neieueei ia
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ia/aeao.

Eaiiaiaeei Oiiiaci – eoae oeeinio iiyo iieeoe/ aeayoaeue nicaeaoaeue
eiiioienoe/ ooiiee. Eiiioienoe/ ooiiey E i?aaenoaaeyao niaie i?ia?aiio
anaiauaai nioeeaeueiiai i?aia?aciaaiey ia iniiaa iauiinoe eiouanoaa
(«Ai?iae nieioea», i?ieca, iino?iaiiia a oi?ia ?aneaca ii?aieaaaoaey),
aeiiieiyaioth ooiieae anaie?iie oaie?aoe/aneie iiia?oee («Iiia?oey
Iannee»). A eaeaaeueiie eiiioienoe/ iaueia o E oi?acaeiaiu
nianoaaiiinoue e naiuey, aeaoe ainieouaathony ain-aii. O?oae iaycaoaeai
aeey anao, ?aai/ee aeaiue nie?auai aei 4 /ania. Ia?iiiia aieiaiea
oaeaeyaony ?acaeoeth iaoee, i?inaauaieth e o?oaeiaiio ainieoaieth.
?oeiaiaenoai eiiioienoe/ iaueiie iaoiaeeony a ?oeao o/aii-ae?a/ eanou.
Inouanoaeaiea naie i?ia?aiiu E aiceaaae ia aa?ii ainoaea?ae e ?ei iaio,
no?aiynue aeinoe/ue aeooiaiiai aaeeinoaa /aeiaa/anoaa a ?aieao
?aoi?ie?iaaiiiai a niioaaonoaee n aai eaeaaeaie eaoieeoeecia.

12. Iaoo?oeeinioey yiioe Aic?iaeaeaiey (I.Eiia?iee, Ae.A?oii,
A.Aaeeeae).

Naeoey?ecaoeey – inaiaiaeaeaiea io ?aeeaee e oea?e. einoeo.Yiioa A –
aica?ao e /aeiaaeo. * (aio?iiioeaio?eci) – “ia?eei anao aauae” (Nie?ao),
ii a A ii ia ianeaai, a oai?aoe (ia noaniaiiue ?aieaie I. – aieaa oiai,
ainiiaeei I).O?oae – ia eneoieaiea ca a?aoe, a niinia nicaeaoue naie
ie?.Aaeeeae – iiiuoea iiiyoue A caeiiu ec nioai?aiiuo aauae e i?eiaieoue
eo ia i?aeoeea. Caiey aa?oaony.Iaioaeci – niaoe. *a?oa iaoo?oeeinioee A.
A ioee/aa io Aio. A. ia i?inoi neeaaaony n I. e inoaaony iaaeinyaaaiui,
a I. noaiiaeony iaeooioai?aiiie e iiciaaaaiie.Eocaiaoe – “aaeeiia anoue
ana” i?eioeei niaiaaeaiey i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae (max e min). Ia?aaeien –
neieiei oi/iiai ciaiey. Aaiiao?ey ?acoeueoao ?annoaeea, a ia ?acoia
(iineieueeo eiaao aeaei n oi/iuie iiiyoeyie). O.e. ana iiaeii ioeaieoue
oieueei ii ioiioaieth e aaneiia/iinoe => ie? ia eiaao ia/aea e eiioea
(eae a Aio. O). => i?iaeaia aaneiia/ii iaeuo – i?aaeoa/a aeeo.
en/eneaiey (Aaeeeae e aai o/aieee).

Aaeeeae ia/ae eiino?oe?iaaoue eaeaaeueiua iiaeaee oece/aneeo iauaeoia
(naeecee iaoaiaoeeo e oeceeo).Eiia?iee – aaeeioeaio?e/aneay
nenoaia.A?oii – aaneiia/iue einiin (iaiaeanoaee), niye a?aieoeo iaaeaeo
oai?oeii e oai?aieai => oi?ia ia?anoaao auoue aeooie aaue – “aia a
aauao”. A?oii eacieee.

13. Iniiaiua /a?ou oee. ?. AeAEA?OA. I?iaeaia iaoiaea iiciaiey

Ini. /a?oa o. ie?iaicc?aiey – aeoaeeci. Ae. aeiioneaao 2 iacaaeneiuo
ae?oa io ae?. ia?aiia/aea: iuneyuoth noanoaioeeth e iaoa?eaeueioth
“i?ioyaeaiioth noanoaioeeth”. A a?aieoeao aai oeceee iaoa?ey
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aaeeinoa. noanoaioeeth, aaeeinoaaiiia iniiaaiea
auoey e iiciaiey. A oi aea a?aiy a ineoieiaee, oai?ee iiciaiey, a o/aiee
i auoee Ae. – eaeaaeeno. A oai? iici. Ae. iauyaeyao naiie aeinoiaa?iie
enoeiie enoeio i nou. niciaiey, iuoeaiey: “ss iuneth neaaeiaaoaeueii ss
nouanoaoth”. A o/. i auoee ii ia oiueei i?eciaao nou aeooiaiie
noanoaioeee, ii e ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi iaae ieie iaaeie a ea/anoaa aunoae
noanoaioeee i?aauaaao aia.

Ae. ioiaeaeanoaeye iaoa?eth n i?ioyaeaieai, eee i?ino?ainoaii, n/eoay,
/oi /oanoa. aini?eieiaaiua ea/anoaa i?aaeiaoia naie ii naaa, o.a
iauaeoeaii ia nou. Auaiaeu ec yoiai : ie?iaay iaoa?ey (=i?ino?ainoai)
aani?aaeaueia, iaeii?iaeia, ia eiaao ionoio e aaneiia/ii aeaeeia.
Naiaeeo ana ea/anoaaiiia ?aciiia?acea i?e?. yaeaiee e : 1. iaoa?ee,
oiaeae. n i?ino?ainoaii e 2. e aa aeaeaeaieth. Aea. aicieeaao a ?-oa
oie/ea. ia?aii. oie/ae aeae aia.

I?iaeaia iaoiaea. Ae. euao aaconeiaii aeinoiaa?iue enoiaeiue oacen aeey
anaai ciaiey e iaoiae, iin?aaenoaii eioi?iai iiaeii, iie?aynue ia yoio
oacen, iino?ieoue noieue aea aeinoiaa?iia caeaiea iaoee. Ca eno ioieo ii
i?eieiaao niiiaiea a iauai?eiyoii ciaiee ( oae eae oaeiai oacena ii ia
iao a noieanoeea). Yoi niiiaiea anoue oieueei i?aaeaa?eo. i?eai. Iiaeii
niiiaaaoueny ai anai, iaeiaei naii niiiaiea ai anyeii neo/aa nouanoaoao.
Niiiaiea anoue iaeei ec aeoia iuoeaiey. ss niiiaaathnue, iineieueeo y
iuneth. Anee o.i niiiaie – aeinoia. oaeo, oi iii nou. eeoue iineieueeo
nou iuoeaiea, eeoue iine y nai nou a ea/anoaa iuneyuaai. (ss iuneth
neaaeia. y nou) Yoi iieiaeaiea e anoue eneiiay aeinoiaa?iay iii?a
ciaiey. Yoio auaiae ia o?. eiae/aneiai aeie-aa, ii anoue ?-o eiooeoeee
oia.

ssniinoue e io/aoeeainoue iuoeaiey Ae ioeai/ii iauyaeyao iaiao e
aeinoaoi/iuie i?eciaeaie anyeiai aeinoiaa?iiai ciaiey. E?eoa?ee
enoeiiinoe ciaiey o.i ia a i?aeoeea, a a /aeia. niciaiee.

Iaeaaeeci Ae. onoaoaeeny ?aeeaeiciuie i?aaeiin. aai nenoaiu. A neeo
yoiai aeey aeie. ?aaeueiiai nou. ie?a aiaoiaeeii aeie. nou. aiaa. A
/enea i?i/eo eaeae a oia nou eaeay aiaa. Eae iiiyoea i nou.
ananiaa?oaiiii, eaeay aiaa iaeaaeaao aieueoae ?aaeueiinoueth /ai ana
ae?. eaeae. A i?e/eia aeieaeii auoue ii e?aeiae ia?a noieueei aea
?aaeueiinoe neieueei aa iao. a neaaenoaee. O.e. iu nou e o.e. iunooue
neaaenoaey ia?aii?e/eiu, oi nou e naia ia?aii?e/eia o.a. aia. Ii anee
ananiaa?o. aia nou, oi yoei eneeth/aaony aiciiaeiinoue, /oiau ii ian
iaiaiuaae. Yoei iaoneiaeaia naia aiciiaeiinoue iicaiey.

Aici enoeiu iaoneiaeaia nou. a?iaeaeaiiuo eaeae eee enoei
(i?aae?aniieiaeaiey oia e ecaanoiui aeneiiai e iieiaeaieyi) e eio. ii
ioiineo i?aaeaea anaai iao. aeneiiu.

A iiciaiee aeaaioth ?ieue ea?aao ?acoi – ?aoeeiiaeeci. Ae. iieaaae,
/oi enoi/ieeii aeinoiaa?iinoe ciaiey iiaeao auoue oieueei nai ?acoi.

A i?ioe. iiciaiey eneeth/. ianoi ioaae aeaaeoeoeee. Enoiaeiua
iieiaeaiey – aeneiiu. A eia oeaie aeaaeoeoeee, neaae. ca aeneiiaie,
eaaeaeia neaae caaii aeinoiaa?ii. Iaeiaei aeey yniiai e io/aoeeaiai
i?aaenoaaeaiey anae oeaie ioaeia neea iaiyoe. Iiyoiio iaiin?. i/aaeaeiua
enoiaeiua iieiaeaiey, eee eiooeoeee, eiatho i?aeiouanoai n?aaieoaeueii n
?annoaeae. aeaaeoeoeee.

Aii?. eiooeoeeae e aeaaeoeoeeae ?acoi iiaeao aeinoe/ aeinoiaa?iiai
ciaiey a neo/aa anee aoaeao aii?oaeai iaoiaeii. Iaoiae Ae. ninoieo ec 4
o?aaiaaiee: 1.aeiioneaoue a ea/. enoeiiuo oieueei oaeea iieiaeaiey, eio
i?aaenaae. oio ynii e io/aoeeai, ia iiaoo aucaaoue ieeaeeo niiiaiee a
enoeiiinoe; 2. ?an/eaiyoue eaaeaeoth neiaeioth i?iae. ia ninoaaeythuea
aa /anoiua i?iae; 3. iaoiaee/anee ia?aoiaeeoue io ecaanoiiai e
aeieacaiiiai e iaeca. e iaaeie.; 4.ia aeiioneaoue ieeaeeo i?iioneia a
ia. caaiueyo enneaaeiaaiey.

14. Iniiaiua /a?ou oee. O.Ayeiia

Ia?aui o. , niciaoaeueii iinoaaeaoei ia?aae niaie caaea/o ?ac?aaioee
iao/iiai iaoiaea ia iniiaa iao. iiieiaiey i?e?iaeu, aue O.Ayeii (1561 –
1626).

A. ?acee/aao 2 aeaea iiuoia: 1. “ieiaeiiiniua” – oeaeue – i?eianaiea
iaiin?. iieuecu /aeiaaeo 2. “naaoiiiniua” – oeaeue ia iaiin?. iieueca,
a iiciaiea caeiiia e naienoa aauae

I?aaeiiueea i?aia?ac iaoee – e?eoeea anae nou noie. e niiiaiea a
enoeiiinoe anaai, /oi aei neo ii? eacaeinue enoeiie. Iaeiaei niiiaiea
eeoue n?aaenoai iaoiaeaeaiey aei?iae e enoeia. Iaaeinoiaa?iinoue
ecaanoiiai aeinaea ciaiey iaoneiaeaia iaiaaeaaeiinoueth oiic?eoaeueiiai
iaoiaea oiicaeeth/aiee e aeieacaoaeuenoaa. Ia?aui oneiaeai ?ao. iaoee
yae. oniaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoiaeia iaiauaiey – eiaeoeoeee. Neaaeothuei
oaaii aeieaeii auoue i/euaiea ?acoia io caaeoaeaeaiee. A. ?acee/aao 4
aeaea oaeeo caae. eee eaeieia – ?iaea, iaua?u, ?uiea , oaao?a.

Eaeieu ?iaea – i?ai, iaone i?e?iaeie /aeiaaea. *ae noaeeo i i?e? ii
aiaiaee n nianoaaiiuie naienoaaie. Ionthaea aiciee oaeaieiae/aneia
i?aaenoaaeaiea i i?e?iaea, ioeaee, i?ienoaeathuea ec ianiaa?oainoaa /ae
/oanoa, iiae aeeyieai ?acee/iuo aeaeaiee, aea/aiee.

Iaua?u – ioeaee, aici. aneaaenoaee noauaeo i?aaeii/oaiee, neiiaoee,
aioeiaoee o/aiuo: iaeie aieueoa aeaeyo ?acee/ee iaaeaeo i?aaeiaoaie,
ae?. – eo noiaenoaa. Iaeie neeiiiu aa?eoue a iaiia?ao aaoi?eoao
ae?aaiinoe, ae?, iaiai?io, ioaeatho i?aaeii/oaiea oieueei iiaiio.

?uiea – i?ai, aiciee aneaaenoaee iauaiey iaaeaeo ethaeueie
iin?aaenoaii neia. Ii ai iiiaeo ne. cia/aiey neia auee onoaiiaeaiu ia ia
iniiaa iiciaiey nouiinoe i?aaeiaoa, a ia iniiaa nia. neo/ aia/aoeaiey io
yoiai i?aaeiaoa.

Oaao?a – i?ai, ii?iaeaeaaiua iae?eoe/anee onaiaiiuie eiaeiuie iiaieyie.
eaeieu. o. ia a?iaeaeaiu iaoaio oio? iie aicieeatho aneaaenoaee
iiae/eiaiey oia ioea iiaieyi.

Ciaiea aeaeia i?aiyonoaee iicaieyao ecaaaeaoue ioeaie. Iaeiaei yoi
ciaiea eeoue io?eoe. noi?iia caae. nicaeaiey iao/iiai iaoiaea. iaiao
oaeaea iieiae o/aiea i iaoiaea enneaaeia. A enoi?ee iaoee /aoei
aunooiatho 2 iooe eee iaoiaea eneaaeia: aeiaiaoe/aneee e yiie?e/aneee.
Aeiai iaoiae ia/ei n iaueo oiic? iieiaeaiee e no?ai auaanoe ec ieo ana
/anoi neo/ae. Aeiaiaoee iioiae ia iaoea, eio ec naiiai naay oeao
iaooeio.

O/, neaaeothu yiie? iaoiaeo iioiae ia io?aauey, eio aanii?yaei/ii
oaueo ana, /oi ie iiiaaeaony aio ia iooe. Enoeiiue iaoiae ninoieo a
oinoaaiiie ia?aaaioea iaoa?eaeia, eio aeinoaaeyao iiuo.( i/aea)

15. Aiaeeeneee iaoa?eaeeci OO11 aaea (O.Aiaan, Aeae.Eiee).

Aiaan: iniiaa iiciaiey – /onoaa. Niune iiciaiey a ?aoeeiiaeueiii
iniuneaiee yoiai iiuoa. enoeiiinoue – naienoai iaoeo noaeaeaiee, a ia
naieo aauae. A ioee/ee io Aeaea?oa, ?ani?ino?aiaiinoue – naienoai naieo
aauae, a ia noanoaioeey naia ii naaa (oioy e yaeyaony iniiaiui –
iaoaie/aneia aeaeaeaiea iniiaiia). Io?eoeaiea a?iaeaeaiiuo eaeae
Aeaea?oa – aaue iaeaaeatho naienoaaie.

Eiee (aeaaiue nainoaeeno) – “A ?acoia iao ie/aai, /aai ia auei au ?aiaa
a /onoaao”. Neeueiia aeeyiea Ayeiia. E?eoeea Aeaea?oa. Aeooa eeoaia
a?iaeaeaiiuo eaeae – ii /enoue eeno, caiieiyaiue iin?aaenoaii
/onoaaiiiai ciaiey.

Iiuo, Eiee, aeaeeo ia aioo?aiiee e aiaoiee. *oiau iieo/eoue iauea eaeae
(i?ino?ainoai, a?aiy,..) iaiaoiaeeii ?aciuoeaiea, eioi?ia yaeyaony
naienoaii aeooe, a ia aa nouiinoueth (Aeaea?o). Aeaea?oiaa noanoaioeey,
oaeei ia?acii, – neiaeiay eaeay, iieo/aiiay ec iiuoa. Ia?ae/iua ea/anoaa
– i?enoue aauai (ianna, aeaeaeaiea, i?ioyaeaiea). Aoi?e/iua – oi, /oi
iieo/aaony a iaoai niciaiee (caoe (aeaeaeaiea aicaeooa), caiao, …). =>
iaaiciiaeii iiciaoue ?aaeueiua nouiinoe aauae, oieueei iiieiaeueiua.
?aaeueii nouanoaoao eeoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia => Iaiauaiea – ia naienoai
aauae, a iio?aaiinoue * e iaiauaieth.

Ciaiey: aannii?iua (ia iniiaa ?aciuoeaiey) e i?aaaeiiiaeiaiua (ia iniiaa
yiie?e/. iiuoa).

16. O.Aiaan e Aeae.Eiee i ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa.

Aiaan: noi?iiiee iauanoa. aeiaiai?a. “I a?aaeaeaieia”, “Eaaeaoai”

Anoaoaaiiia ninoiyiea ethaeae – aieia => I. *oiau I. ia ?acaaeeeinue –
neeeiay aeanoue => aeia?iaieueiia io?a/aiea aeaaeaoue naiei niaie
(?acoeueoao – Eaaeaoai). Noa?iiiee neeueiie aaniethoenoneie aeanoe, i?e
eioi?ie i?aaeo ia?aciaaiiue i?aaeoaeue (caaioeony i naio a?aaeaeaiao, eo
aeinoaoea, ia?aciaaiee, …). Eaeay a aeooa iaoaienoecia (?acoi e iiuo).

Eiee: noi?iiiee eiinoeoooeeiiiie iiia?oee. Anoaoaaiiia ninoiyiea ethaeae
– ?aaainoai anao (ia?aie/eaaao naiaiaeo eeoue anoanoaaiiue caeii – ia
?ac?ooue, ia oaae => iao aiei, iao aaniethoiie aeanoe, o.e. iia ana
?aaii ia?aie/aia anoanoa. caeiiii). Aeanoue aicieeaao ia iniiaa
oaaaeaiey e anoanoaaiiui caeiiai => iiaeaeaiua ai?aaa nianoeoue
i?aaeoaey anee ii ia?ooee yoio caeii. “Ana aai acaeyaeu iniiaaiu ia
?annoaeea e ia caei?iauo /aeiaa/aneeo /onoaao” – Ia?en.

Iaio/oaeaeaaiua i?aaa * ia: aeeciue, naiaiaeo, nianoaaiiinoue.

17.Noauaeoeaiue eaeaaeeci Aa?eee.

Aeaei?ae Aa?eee (1684 – 1753)- noauaeoeaiue eaeaeeeci. ?iaeeeny a
E?eaiaeee, aeai?yiei. Ieii/ee Aeoaeeineee oieaa?neoao. N 1734 ii 1752 a
A. aue aieneiiii.

A. ioa?anuaaao iaoa?eaeeno. enoiaeiue ioieo o. Eieea e iauyaeyao
iuouaiey aaeeinoaaiiie aini?eieiaaiie /ae. ?aaeueiinoueth. Eiee
no?aieeny auynieoue iaoiae, iin?aaenoaii eioi?iai iu i?eoiaeei e eaeayi
i iaoa?ee e i?ino?ainoaa. Yoio iaoiae anoue ii E. – aano?aeoeey. A.
iuoaaony anaie aeinooiiuie n?aaenoaaie aeieacaoue , /oi oi /ae. ia
niiniaai e ia?aciaaieth iien. E aano?aeoeee. Iauay aano? eaeay
i?ioyaeaiey, eee i?ino?ainoaa iaaiciiaeia. Iia aano?aeia e aioo?aiia
i?ioeai?a/eaa. Oi aea naiia e n aano?. iaoa?ee. Aeie-ao yoiai A iinayoee
“O?aeoao i ia/aeao /aeia ciaiey” , “O?e ?acaiai?a iaaeaeo Aeeanii e
Oeeiionii”, aaea ii ia ne?uaaao, /oi aai aeaaiay oeaeue- ai?ueaa i?ioea
iaoa?eaeecia e anao aai i?iyaeaiee a iaoea.

Ii A., a iniiaa iiiyoey i iao.(e i i?ino?ainoaa) eaaeeo aeiiouaiea,
aoaeoi iu iiaeai ioaeaeaynue io /anoiuo na-a aauae, aini?eieiaaiuo
iin?aaenoaii iuouaiee, ia?aciauaaoue ioaea/aiioth eaeath ia iauai aeey
ieo aau. noano?aoa. Ii yoi iaaiciiaeii. O ian iao /oano. aini?eyoey
iaoa?ee eae oaeiaie. Iu aini?ei. eeoue ioaeaeueiua aaue e eaaeaeia ec
yoeo aini?eyoee anoue noiia ioaeaeueiuo iuouaiee eee “eaeae”. “iu aeaeei
ioaeaeueiua oeaaoa, a ia ie?aoaioth iaoa?eth”…

Ia iiaeao auoue e iauae ioaea/aiie eaeae i iaoa?ee e i?ino?ainoaa.
Neiai noaiiaeony iauei ia iioiio, /oi iii anoue ciae ioae. iauae eaeae,
a iioiio, /oi iii niiniaii auoue ciaeii iiiaeo /anoiuo eaeae. Oi /ae.
iiaeao ia?aciauaaoue iauoth eaeath i aaue, ii ia iauoth ioaea/. eaeath.
Ioae. eaeay iao ia iiaeao i?eaaaeoue e na-aai aauae ie iaeiiai naienoaa
naa?o oao, eio. ioe?uaathony a ieo a iuouaiee.

O/aiea yoi- noauaeo. eaeaaeeci. I?eciaaony nou. eeoue /aeia. niciaiey,
a eio. A. ?acee/aao eaeae e aeooe. Eaeae – yoi aini?eieiaaiua iaie
noauaeo ea/anoaa. Aeooe – aini?eieiathuea, aeayoaeueiua iaiaoa?eaeueiua
noauaeou aeoo. aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eaeae- ianneaiu; yoi eeoue ninoiyiey. Aeooe aea aeoeaiu. A. iuoaaony
aeieacaoue, /oi aaue aicieeatho aeaaiaea?y aini?eyoeth e en/acatho,
eiaaea i?ae?au. aini?eyoea.

A. iooaaony ecaaaeaoue nieeinecia, o.a. auaiaea i oii, /oi nou. eeoue
iaeei aini?eieiathuee noauaeo. Ii ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi noauaeo nou. a ie?a
ia iaeei. Aauue , eio. ia?anoae aini?eieiaoue iaeei noauaeo iiaeao auoue
aini?eiyoa ae?oaeie. Ii aeaaea anee au ana noauaeou en/acee, aaue ia
i?aa?aoeeenue au a ie/oi. Iie i?iaeieaeeee au nou. eae noiia eaeae a oia
Aiaa. Aia ia iiaeao en/aciooue. Iiyoiio ia iiae en/aciooue e aanue
nioai?. ei ie?.Aia aeeaaeuaaao a niciaiea ioaeaeueiuo noauaeoia
niaea?aeaiea iuouaiee. – Yoi oaea oaa ii iai?. e iauaeo eaeaaeecio.

18. Aaiinoeoeeci THia.

AAIINOEOeECI – oee o/aiea, niaeanii eioi?iio ia iiaeao auoue
ieii/aoaeueii ?aoai aii?in ia enoeiiinoe iiciaiey ie?oaeathuaai /aeiaaea
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Iaeaieaa iineaaeiaaoaeueii a enoi?ee oeeinioee A
i?iaaaeai a neaioeoeecia THia, e-?ue iieaaae, /oi ana iiciaiea eiaao
aeaei eeoue n iiuoiui e i?eioeeieaeueii ia iiaeao aueoe ca aai i?eaeaeu,
a iioiio ia iiaeao noaeeoue i oii, eaeiai ioiioaiea iaaeaeo iiuoii e
?aaeueiinoueth.

Aeaaeae THi. (1711 – 1776) Nui iaaiaaoiai Oioeaiaeneiai iiiaueea. THi –
neaioee, aaiinoee. Ieii/ee Yaeeiao?aneee oieaa?neoao. Iinea iiacaeee ai
O?. ecaeae “O?aeoao i /ae. i?e?iaea”, “Iiuou i?aanoaaiiua e
iieeoe/aneea”. A 1963 THi niiaa ai O?.. Ii aue ciaeii n O?.
i?inaaoeoaeyie (Aeaeaiaa?, Aaeueaaoeee, Aeeae?i…)

Caaea/a ciaiey auoue ?oeiaiaenoaii aeey i?aeo i?eaioaoeee. I?e yoii
aaeeinoa. i?aaeiaoii aeinoia ciaiey n/eoaao iauaeou iaoaiaoeee. Ana ae?.
iauaeou enneaaeia. eanathony oieueei oaeoia, eio ia iiaoo auoue
aeieacaiu eiae/anee, a auaiaeyony eneeth/. ec iiuoa.

Iiuo iaeiaei iiieiaaony eaeaaeenoe/anee. Aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue – iioie
aia/aoeaiee. I?e/eiu, ii?aaeae. yoe aia/aoeaiey – iaiiciaaaaiu. Iu ia
iiaeai aeaaea ciaoue nou. ee aaoiee ie?. Nou aia/aoeaiey iaoeo /oanoa
(iuou) e aia/aoe. aioo?aiieo aeayoaeueiinoae aeooe (?aoeaenee) Io yoeo 2
aeaeia ia?aii. iuou caaenyo eaeae iaiyoe e aiia?aae. Ie iaeia eaeay ia
iiaeao auoue ia?aciaaia aac i?aaeoanoa. ae aia/aoeaiey.

Ioiioaiea iaaeaeo i?e/eiie e aeaenoaeai ia iiaeao auoue auaaaeaii ie
eiooeoeaii ie iooai aeie-aa. Aiciiaeii i?e/eiiay naycue e nou.
Aiciiaeii, /oi ec 2 niauoee, neaae. iaeii ca ae?. , i?aaeuae niauoea
aeaenoaeoaeueii i?e/eia, a iineaae. – neaaenoaea. Ii oae yoi eee ia oae
– onoaiiaeoue iaaiciiaeii. I?e/. naycue anee e nou – iaiiciaaaaia.
Iaeiaei ethaee neeiiiu aeaeaoue caeeth/aiey io iaaethae. a i?ioeii
aeaenoaee e iiaeiaiui aea aeaenoaeyi yoeo iauaeoia a aoae. (ca aaniie
neaaeoao eaoi) Iie aeaenoaotho enoiaey ec oaa?aiiinoe, /oi oa aea iine
aoaeao e aoaeouai.

Ii/aio ethaee aeaenoa iiaeiaiui ia?acii? yoi ?-o i?eau/ee. Iaeiaei
aeaenoaea i?eau/ee ieeiaaea ia iiaeao i?aa?aoeoue iaoa iaeeaeaiea
ecaanoiiai ii?yaeea a aeinoiaa?iinoue enoeiiiai ciaiey. – neaioeoeeci.

Iioie iaoeo aia/oeaiee ana aea ia oaioe/ai. Aia/aoeaiey ia ?aaiioeaiiu
e yoiai aiieia aeinoaoi/ii aeey i?eaioaoeee a ie?a.

A iioieiaee(o/ i auoee) THi io?eoeaao nou eaoaai?ee noanoaioeee e
naiaeeo eaeath noano. e eaeaa niaieoiiinoe ioaeaeueiuo ea/anoa.

A o. ?aeeaee ii ia?aie/eaaaony aaeeinoaaiiui aeiiouaieai, aoaeoi
i?e/eiu ii?yaeea ai Anaeaiiie eiathoii?aaeaeaiioth aiaeiaeth n /ae
?acoiii. Ioaa?aaaoanyeia aiaineiaea. ?aeeaey ia iiaeao auoue iniiaie
ii?aee.

19. I?iaeaia /aeiaaea e iauanoaa a oeeinioee I?inaauaiey (Iiioaneuea,
Aieueoa?, ?onni).

*. ii naiae i?e?iaea aeia?, iineieueeo iao ie/aai aeo?iiai a no?aieaiee
e niiinio?aiaieth (iieo/aoue oaeiaieuenoaea e ecaaaaoue no?aaeaiey –
i?iyaeaiey yoiai aeaeaiey)

Iiioaneuea (1689 – 1755) – ii ia?aciaaieth e i?ioannee – th?eno. =>
?acaeaaao i?iaeaio caeiiia a I. Caeiiu: anoanoaaiiua e iiceoeaiua
(ii?aaeaeaiiua caeiiiaeaoaeai). Ie? – ia?aue anoanoa. caeii. Iiceoeaiua
caeiiu: iaaeaeoia?iaeiia i?aai, iauanoaaiiia i?aai, /anoiia i?aai.
Caeiiu e oi?ia aeanoe aeieaeiu nioaaonoaiaaoue eeeiaoo, eaiaeoaooo,
ii/aa, niiniao aeecie ia?iaeia, … .Iaeiaei ii ia?aioeaiee yoi aeeyiea.
Aai ioiioaiea e I. ainiiaiii iaoaienoe/aneia. Eo/oay aeanoue –
eiinoeoooe. iiia?oey.

Aieueoa? (1694 – 1778) (i?aaenoaaeoaeue ao?aeoacee) – ?aceay e?eoeea
?aeeaee, o?aaiaaiea ?aeeaeiciie naiaiaeu. Iiioey?ecaoi? O iunee e iaoee.
“?aeeaey aicieeea oiaaea, eiaaea ano?aoeeenue iioaiiee e aeoiaoe”.
Ioaa?aaao noauaeoeaii – eaeeaeanoe/. iiaeoiae e i?iaeaia iiciaiey.
?anniao?eaaao iauanoaaiiiai *, eae noauaeo eco/aiey O. Aieueoa?
au?aaeaao o?aaiaaiea ao?aeoacee – ?aaainoai ethaeae (ii oieueei ia?aae
caeiiii). Nioeeaeueiia e eiouanoaaiiia ia?aaainoai – ii n/eoae caeiaii
noaaeeueiinoe (a ioee/ee io ?onni). I?eaea?aeeaaaony eaeae ia?aciaaiiiai
i?aaeoaey.

?onni (1712 – 1778) – i?aaenoaneoaeue iecoeo neiaa. Iniiaiay i?iaeaia
nioeeaeueiia ia?aaainoai. Iniiau I. aeecie – oaeaniua iio?aaiinoe, a oi
a?aiy eae aeooiaiua – aa oe?aoaiea. Iaoea e eoeueoo?a aaaeoo e iiaeiaia
a * anoanoaaiiuo iio?aaiinoae. => iie i?aiaaeeaaeiinoue aiaaouo neiaa.
Iaaeiioeaiea enoi?e/aneie ?iee eoeueoo?u. O?e nooiaie ia?aaainoaa. 1)
aeaaiay i?e/eia nioe. ia?aaainoaa – eiouanoaaiiia ia?aaainoai
(iineieueeo a anoanoaaiiii ninoiyiee ethaee auee ?aaiu, ia iaeaaeay
nianoaaiiinoueth (ia auei aiei,… )), => aai eeeaeaeaoeey. 2) naii
ainoaea?noai (ia?aciaaiiia a ?acoeueoaoa aeiaiai?a aaaeiuo e aiaaouo, ii
ceioiio?aaeythuaa aeanoueth). 3) ia?aaea/a caeiiiie aeanoe a ?oee
aeaniioa (ii ioiioaieth e aeaniioo ana noaiiyony ?aaiuie). => i?aai
ia?iaea ia aoio i?ioea aeaniioa.

A anoanoaaiiii ninoiyiee ethaee aeeaoo iiiaeeii/ea e ioee/athony e?ioeei
i?aaii, aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiinoueth e ni?aaaaeeeainoueth – ?onnienoneea
?iaeiciiu.

E anoanoaaiiiio nioiyieth iaeuecy i?eeoe, ii iiaeii e iaio aa?iooueny.
Iaeiaei, iin?aaenoaii I. aeiaiai?a *. i?aia?aoaao a?aaeaeaineoth
naiaiaeo, eioi?oth ?onni oeaieo auoa anoanoaaiiie. (“eai iiaoaeaeaiea
aeaeaiee – ?aanoai, a iineooaiea caeiio, eioi?ue iu naie onoaiiaeee –
naiaiaea”).

?acaeoea i?iecaiaenoaa, eoeueoo?u, iaoee ianao ia oieueei
iieiaeeoaeueiia ia/aei, ii e io?eoeaoaeueiia.

“Iauanoaaiiue aeiaiai?” ?onni – ianoieueiay eieaa ?iaeniuea?a.

20. O?AIOeOCNEEE IAOA?EAEECI 18a. O/aiea i i?e?iaea, iauanoaa, /aeiaaea.

E. eeoue iaiaoee ?yae iniiaiuo eaeae, ii ia aeae eo ianoiyoaeueiiai
nenoaiao. ?acaeoey. Iaeaieaa nenoaiaoe/aneei au?aceoaeai o. o/aiee o?.
iao. noae Iieue Ai?e Aeeo?eo Aieueaao. (1723 – !789) Naiia e?oiiia aai
i?iecaaaeaiea – “Nenoaia i?e?iaeu”, a iaienaiee eioi?ie i?eiyee oae aea
iaeio o/anoea Aeeae?i, Iyaeii.

A iniiaa yoiai o?aeoaoa iuneue i naiaeeiinoe anao yae. i?e?iaeu e ?ace
oi?iai aeaeaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo /anoeoe. a naiae niaieoiiinoe
ia?acothueo aa/ioth ianioai?aioth i?e?iaeo. Iniiao anao i?ioe. i?e?iaeu
ninoaaeyao iaoa?ey n i?enouei ae na-aii aeaeaeaiey. Iao. i?ioeannu –
yae. no?iai iaiaoiaeeiuie, neo/aeiinoue e oeaeaniia?aciinoue
eneeth/aaony. O/aiea i iaiaoiaeeiinoe ?ani?ino?aiyaony e ia /aeiaaea.

Ec aeaenoaey e i?ioeaiae. anao nouanoa iieo/aaony ?yae aeaeaeaiee,
iiae/eiaiiuo iinoiyiiui e iaeciaiiui caeiiai. ?acee/athony 2 ?iaea
aeaeaeaiey: 1.aeaeae. iann, aeaaiaea?y eio. oaea ia?aiinyony n
iaeiiaiianoa ia ae?oaia; 2. aioo?aiaa e ne?uoia aeaeaeaiea, caaenyuaa io
naienoaaiiie oaeo yia?aee.

A. aeieacuaaao oieaa?naeueiinoue aeaeae. a i?e?iaea. Nouiinoue i?e?. a
oii/oiau aeaenoaiaaoue. I?e? iieo/eea naia aeaeae io naay naiie (ieeaeeo
ia?aioie/eia), eai i?e? anoue aaeeeia oeaeia aia eio. ie/oi ia iiaeao
nou. Aeaeae. anoue iaiaoiae. niinia nou. iaoa?ee

Caeiiu i?e/eiiie nayce oaeaea oieaa?naeueiu, eae oieaa?n na-ai
aeaeaeaiey a i?e?iaea. Iaae anaie naycyie i?e/ei a i?e?. ainiiaenoaoao
no?iaeaeoay iaiaoiaeeiinoue. Neo/aeiinoue io?eoeaaony. A aeo?a iuee
iiaeiyoii aao?ii, iao ie iaeiie iieaeoeu iuee, eio ?aniieiaeaia
neo/aeii, eio ia eiaao ii?. i?e/eiu. Ec anaiauaai aeaoa?ieiecia
auaiaeeony e io?eoeaiea ii?yaeea e aanii?yaeea a i?e?iaea. Eaeae ii? e
aanii? noauaeoeaiu e i?aaenoaaeytho eeoue iaoo ioeaieo neooaoeee.

O/aiea i i?e?. iieo/eei ?acaeoea a ?aaioao Aeaie Aeeae?i (1713 – 1784).
I?ioae iooue io yoe/aneiai eaeaaeecia e aeaecia aei iaoa?eaeecia a
o/aiee i auoee, ineoieiaee, oai?. iiciaiey. Iaoa?eaeeno. ni/eiaiey :
“Ieaiyiiee ?aii”. “?acaiai? Aeaeaiaa?a n Aeeae?i”, “Nii Aeaeaiaa?a”.

Aian a o/aiea i i?e?iaea yeaiaiou aeeaeaeoeee. Ii aai iunee ana
eciaiyaony, en/acaao, oieueei oeaeia inoaaony. Ie? aani?a?uaii
ca?iaeaeaaony e oie?aao.

Iniaia aieiaiea Ae. i?eaeaeaea i?iaeaia iao. enoieeiaaiey iuouaiee. Eae
iao aeaeae iao /anoeoe iiaeao ii?iaeaeaoue niaoeeo niaea?aeaiea
iuouaiee? Anoue 2 ioaaoa ia yoio aii?in. 1.Iuou iiyaeyaony ia ii?.
noaaeee ?acaeoey iao eae ia/oi ea/anoaaiii iiaia 2. niiniaiinoue,
aiaeiae/iay iuou. i?enoua anae iaoa?ee. Ae. aue noi?iiieeii 2 iunee.

Ae. iaiaoee oai?eth i ineo ooieoeeyo. Iaoe /oanoaa – eeaaeoe ii
eioi?ui /anoi oaea?uyao ie? ian i?e?iaea e eio naie /anoi ii naaa
oaea?ytho. Ionthaea neaaeoao, /oi a /aei aae caeeth/aao a naiae
i?aaiecaoeee ia/oi aaoiiaaoe/aneia. Yoio aaoiiaoeci ia eeoai
iaeooaaeaiinoe e i?aaeiieaaaao eaaeauoth a iniiaa anae iao niiniaiinoue
iuouaiey.

I?eciaiea nou. iacaaeneiiai io nici ai ie?a, a oaeaea i?eci niiniaiinoe
iuou. io?aaeaoue naienoaa ai aauae ia icia/aao iaeiaei aoaeoi iuou anue
ca?e eiiee i?aaeiaoia. Ii Ae. iaaeaeo aieueoeinoaia iuou e eo i?e/eiaie
ia aieueoa noiaenoaa, /ai iaaeaeo naieie i?aaenoaaeaieyie e eo
iacaaieyie. Ae. ?acee/aao a aauao ia?ae/iua ea/anoaa (nou a naieo aauao
e iacaa. io niciaiey) e aoi?e/iua (caeeth/athueany a ioiioaiee i?aaeiaoa
e ae? aauai eee e iei naiei)

*aeiaae e iauanoai. A o/aiee i iauanoaa ionoaeaatho aeaoa?ieieci, o.a.
o/aiea i i?e/eiiie iaoneiaeaiiinoe anao /ae. aeaenoaee. Iaeiaei /ae ia
iiaeao auoue inaiaiaeaeai io ioaaonoaaiinoe ca ana niaa?oaaiia ei ii
ioiio. e iauanoao. Iaiao /aeiaa/aneeo aeaenoaee ieneieiei ia eneeth/aao
aiciiaeiinoe aiaiaiey e i?aaiia?iinoe iaeacaiey. Iauanoai iaeacuaaaao ca
i?anooie o.e. iie a?aaeiu. E?iia oiai yoi niinia i?aaeioa?. i?anooieaiee
a aoae. E oiio aea ieeaeia oniio?aiea iaiaoiaeeiinoe niaa?o /ae
aeaenoaee ia oie/oiaeaao /ae /oanoa, e noaei auoue, ia oie/oiae.
naiiaeayoaeueiinoe, o.e. /oanoaa anue aeaaiua iiaoaeeoaee e aeaenoaeth.

O/aiea i i?aanoaaiiinoe aeieaeii auoue iniiaaii ia iiuoa. *ae aeaeaeei
no?aieaeai e oaeiaieuenoaeth e ioa?auaieai e no?aaeaieth. Ii oae eae /ae
niiniaain?aaieaaoue oaeia. e auae?aoue iaeaieueoea, a oaeaea niiniaai
noaaeoue oeaee oi aeey iaai aiciiaeiu i?aaeea e iiiyoey i aeaenoaeyo,
eaae a iniiaa i?aanoaaiiinoee.

I?aaeii/oaiey cane oinoaaiiua oaeiaieuenoaey eae aieaa i?i/iua,
eeoaeueiua e aieaa caaenyuea io naiiai /aeiaaea.

Ioaeaeaynue a iiiiue ae?oaeo /ae aeieaeai a naith i/a?aaeue aeaeaoue
iieaciia aeey ae?. Oae ia?acoaony iauee eioa?an, io eio caaeneo /anoiue
eioa?an. I?aaeeueii iiiyoue ee/iue eioa?an iaiaoiaeeii aaaeao e
i?aanoaaiiinoe.

A neeo iauanoaaiiiai aeiaiai?a iu aeieaeiu aeaeaoue oi, /oi iu aeaeaai,
/oiau iie aeey ian aeaeaee. I?e yoii auoaeathuea ec iau. aeiaiai?a
eiatho neeo ii ioiio. ei anyeiio /ae.

Ia nou oaeiai ia?aca i?aaeaiey, eio. aiieia au oaeiaeaoai?ye
o?aaiaaieyi ?acoia. N?aaenoai ecaaaeaiey io iaaeinoaoeia I?inaaoeoaee
aeaeyo a i?inaauaiee. iauanoaa. Aaeueaaoeee n/eoaao oeaeueth ainieo
ia?aaeaeeo ia?aiia/aeueiiai naiiauoiiai neeaaea ee/iinoe. Aieueaao –
aeaeeo a /aeiaaea nouanoai ec eio ainieoaieai iaeii naeaeaoue ana, /oi
oaiaeii.

Aeieacuaatho iacaa. yoeee io ?aeeaee e aiciiaeiinoue nou
aunieii?aanoaaiiiai iauanoaa aoaenoia.

Aeaeae neea /aeia aeaenoaee – yaieci, eee ee/iue eioa?an. Iniiaaieai
i?aanoaaiiinoe neoaeeo iiuo, i?aanoaaiiiai /oanoaa ia nou. Eiaaea
eaaeaony /oi ethaee no?aiyony e aeia?o , a iniiaa yoiai eaaeeo i?aa
iiiyoue e. eioa?an.

E?eoa?ee i?aanoaaiiinoe e oia – iieueca. Yoi ioiineony e e iauanoao a
oeaeii. Oio eioi i?eiineo iieueco – /anoiue niaeue aeia?iaeaoaeueiue.
Aeia?iaeaoaeue anoue aeaeaiea iauaai aeaaa.

Oae eae aeeyiea caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia iauanoai i/aiue aaeeei, oi aii?in
i ain no?ia – aaaeai. ?acee/ey iaaeaeo ia?iaeaie iaone. i?aaeaea anaai
iieeo no?iai. Aaeueaaoeee – oieueei a aeaiie?aoe/aneii i?aaeaiee aeanoue
eiaao a aeaeo iieueco anaai iauanoaa, a eaaeaeue a?aaeaeaiei neoaeeo
naiae aeayoaeueiinoueth iauei oeaeyi.

21. Nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea e yoe/aneea aicc?aiey o?aioeocneeo
iaoa?eaeenoia OO111 aaea (Eaiao?e, Aaeueaaoeee, Aieueaao).

Aieueaao – “Eaaeaeue *, eioi?ue ?acoiii ?annoaeaeaao, nei?i noaiao
aoaenoii.”. Oaoaeueiue aeaoa?ieieci, aeeth/athuee *.

Aaeueaaoeee (1715 – 1771). Oaoaeueiue aeaoa?ieieci, aeeth/athuee *.
Iaeiaei, /aeiaaeii i?aaeo caeii eioa?ania (oece/aneea iio?aaiinoe
(aieiae, aieue) e no?anoe (naiiethaea)). I?eieiaao i?eioeeiu nainoaeecia
Eieea. “Iiea *. /oanoaoao – ii eiaao aeooo” => aeooa oie?aao aianoa n
oaeii *.

I. – niaieoiiinoue eiaeeaeaeia (iaoaienoe/aneee iiaeoiae). I. eioa?an –
eioa?an aieueoainoaa. Iniiaa aeia?iaeaoaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey – niaeanea
iaaeaeo I. e eiaeeaeaeoeueiui eioa?anii. Iniiaiie e?eoa?ee
i?aanoaaiiinoe – I. iieueca.

Eaeaaeueiay oi?ia i?aaeaiey – ?anioaeeea. A oiaea a?aiy, aa?eo a
“?acoiiiai i?aaeoaey”, “oeeinioa ia o?iia”, caueuathuaai iniiaiua i?aaa
/aeiaaea (oaeoe/anee eioa?anu ao?aeoacee).

Aaeueaaoeee e Aieueaao oaeaeytho aieueoia cia/aiea ainieoaieth. Caeia
i?aaeeueiiai ainieoaiey – oi?ioee caeii. “Ii/oe anaiauaa ian/anouea
ethaeae e ia?iaeia aucaaii ianiaa?oainoaii eo caeiiia e neeoeii
ia?aaiiia?iui ?ani?aaeaeaieai aiaaonoaa” (Aaeueaaoeee).

Eaiao?e (1709 – 1751). Naiay ecaanoiay ?aaioa – “* – iaoeia” (Ec – ca
iaa aue auioaeaeai iieeiooue no?aio). A iae Eaiao?e i?aaenoaaeyao *. –
eae iaoaie/aneoth iaoeio, oioy e i/aiue neiaeioth. Aeooa – iaoa?eaeueia.
Enoiaeeo ec nainoaeecia Eieea e i?eciaao iauaeoeaiia nouanoaiaaiea
iaoa?eaeueiiai ie?a. Enoi/iee aeaeaeaiey iaoiaeeony a naiie iaoa?ee.
Iaeiaei, ii iieaaaao, /oi nouiinoue aeaeaeaiey e iaoa?ee iiciaoue
iaaiciiaeii.

Iuoeaiea yaeyaony niiniaiinoueth. ii?aaeaeaiiiai aeaea iaoa?ee. Aai
iniiaaiey iieiyony ia iuouaieyo.

22.OAI?Ess IICIAIEss E YOEEA E.EAIOA. (E?eoeea /enoiai ?acoia.
aaaaeaiea)

Oee ?acaeoea E. aeaeeony ia 2 ia?eiaea. A ia?a. ia?eiae (aei ia/. 70-o
aa) iuoaeny ?aoaoue o i?iae – i auoee, oee i?e?iaeu, ?aeeaee, yoeee,
eiaeee enoiaey ec oaaaeaeaiey, /oi o. i.a. ?ac?aaioaia e iainiiaaia eae
oiic?eoaeueiay iaoea. (aac ia?au e iiuoiui aeaiiui)

Ai 2-e ia? (e?eoe/aneee) iuoaao ny no?iai ioaeaeeoue yaeaiey io aauae a
naaa. Iineaaeiea ia iiaoo auoue aeaiu a iiuoa. Aaue iaiiciaaaaiu. Iu
iici. eeoue yaeaiey eee oio niinia, eio. yoe aaue a naaa aeaenoaotho ia
ian. Yoi o/aiea – aaiinoeoeeci. Eaio iacuaae aai “e?eoeeie ?acoia”. Yoi
o/aiea ia?aie/eaaao ?acoi, iineieueeo iii ioeacuaaao aio a iiciaiee
nouiinoe aauae. ?acaeaay yoo e?eoeeo Eaio iuoaeny 1. auynieoue enoi/ieee
?acee/iiai aeaea ciaiee – iao/iiai e oeeinioneiai 2. auynieoue ia /ai
iniiauaaaony aeinoiaa?iinoue ciaiee. 3. enneaaeiaaoue oi?iu e eaoaai?ee
iao/iiai iuoeaiey…

O/aiea “E?eo oee” noi?ie?iaaeinue e ia/aeo 80-o aa. Iii eceiaeaii a
o?aeo. “ E?eoeea /enoiai ?acoia” – 81, “E?eoeea i?aeoe/aneiai ?acoia” –
88 e “E?eoeea niiniaiinoe noaeaeaiey” – 90. (oai? iiciaiey, yoeea e
ynoaoeea (o/aiea i oeaeaniia?. a i?e?iaea) niioaaonoaaiii)

Iiciaiea ia/eiaaony n oiai, /oi “aaue a naaa” aicae. ia iaoe i?aaiu
/oanoa e aucua iuouaiey. Yoi eiia/ii iaoa?eaeeci. Ii aeaeueoa E. –
eaeaaeeno. Eaeaaeeci ninoieo a oaaaeaeaiee, /oi ie iuouoiae iaoae
/oanoaaiiinoe, ie iiiyoey e noaeae. iaoaai ?annoaeea, ie iiiyoey ?acoia
ia iiaoo aeaoue iai oai?ao. ciaiey i “aauao a naaa” (aan). Aeinoiaa?iia
ciaiea nou – yoi iaoaiaoeea e anoanoaiciaiea. Enoeiu yoeo iaoe anaiauea
e iaiaoiaeeiua. Ii yoi ia anoue ciaiea i aan, a oieueei i naienoaao
aau. e eio. i?eeiaeeiu oi?iu iaoaai niciaiey: iuou, iiiyoey. Aan
i?eioeeieaeueii iaiiciaaaaiu.

O/aiea i ciaiee. Iie?aaony ia oai?eth noaeaeaiey. Ciaiea anaaaea au?aae
a oi?ia noaeaeaiey, a eio iuneeony anycue iaaeaeo aeaoiy iiiyoeyei –
noauaeoaie e i?aaeeeaoaie noaeaeaiey. Nou 2 aeaea yoie nayce. A iaeieo
noaeaeaieyo i?aaeeeao ia aeaao iiaiai ciaiey i i?aaei n?aaieoaeueii n
oai ciaieai, eio oaea iuneeony a noauaeoa. Yoi aiaeeoe/aneea oaeaeaiey.
I?eia?: ana oaea eiatho i?ioyaeaiey (i?aaeeeao – eiatho i?io)

Anee i?aaeeeao ia auaiaeeony ec noauaeoa, a niaaeeiyaony n noa., oi yoi
neoaoe/aneea noaeaeaiey. I?: iaeioi?ua oaea oyaeaeu. Anoue 2 eeanna neio
noaeaeaiee. 1. naycue i?aaeeeaoa n n. iuneeony iioiio, /oi
iaia?oaeeaaaony a iiuoa (iae eaaaaee /a?iu) – aiinoa?ei?iua 2.yoa naycue
ia iiaeao iniia ia iiuoa.Iia iuneeony eae naycue, i?aaeoanoa iiuoo e
iacaaenyu io iaai – ai?ei?iua noaeaeaiey.( ana, /oi neo/aaony eiaao
i?e/eio). Ai?. noaeaeaieyi E. i?eaeaao a. cia/aiea. Aii?in i ai?ei?i.
neio noaeaeaieyo ii noaaeo a neaae oi?ia: 1. eae aici oaeea noaeaeaiey a
iaoai 2.eae aici iie a oai?ao anoanoaiciaiee 3.aiciiaeiu ee iie a
iaoaoeceea. ?aoaiea yoeo aii?. ii naycuaaao n enneaaeia. 3 iniiaiuo
niiniaiinoae iiciaiey: /oanoaaiiinoe, ?annoaeea, ?acoia.

*oanoaaiiia iiciaiea. Aii?in i aici ai?. neio noaeaeaiee a iaoai E
?anni a o/aiee i oi?iao /oanoaaiiiai iiciaiey.. Ii E ye-ou iaoai ciaiey
– ia iiiyoey, a iaaeyaeiua i?aaenoaaeaiey. A noaeae. iaoai neioac
noauaeoa n i?aaeee iniiauaaaony eeai ia /oanoa nica?oeaiee i?ino?ainoaa,
eeai a?aiaie. I?ino?ainoai – ai?ei?iay oi?ia aiaoiaai /oanoa nica?oeaiey
(a?aiy – aioo?aiiaai), /oi e i?eaeaao nica?oe. i?ino?. eo aaconeiaioth
anaiauiinoue e iaiaoiaeeiinoue.

O.i. o E i?ino? e a?aiy ia?anoatho auoue oi?iaie nou aauae. Iie
noaiiayony ai?ei?iuie oi?iaie iaoae /oanoaaiiinoe.

Ai?ei?iua oi?iu ?annoaeea. Oneiaeai aici ai?. neio noaeae a oai?ao
anoanoaiciaiee yae eaoaai?ee. Yoi iacaaeneiua io iinoaaeyaiiai iiuoii
niaea?aeaiey iiiyoey ?annoaeea, iiae eio ?annoaeie iiaeaiaeeo anyeia
niaea?ae, iieo/aaiia ec iiuoa. O.a. eaoaai?e ia oi?iu auoey, a iiiyoey
?annoaeea. Yoi oieueei oi?iu, iiae eio ?annoaeie iiaeaiaeeo
aeinoaaeyaiue /oanoaaiiinoueth iaoa?eae. Eaoaai?ee ai?ei?iu. Ii E ie
iuou ie iiiyoey naie ia aeatho ciaiey. Iuou aac iiiyoee- neaiu, a
iiiyoey aac iuou – ionou. Ciaiea anoue neioac iuou n iiiyoeyie.
Aicieeaao aii?in: eaeei ia? ?aciiia?acea /oanoa nica?oeaiee i?aa?
iin?aaenoaii ai?ei?iuo oi?i a aaeeinoai? Oneiaeai oaeiai aaeeinoaa
ninoieo a aaeeinoaa naiiniciaiey.

Ia yoeo iniiaao ?ac?aaioae ioaao ia aii?in i aiciiaeiinoe oai?ao
anoanoaiciaiey. A iniiaa anao noaeae anoanoa iaoe eaaeao iauea e
iaiaoiaeeiua caeiiu. Iao/iui ciaieai i?aaei e yaeaiey iaoe iiaoo auoue
i?e oneiaee, anee ?annoaeie iuneeo i?aaeiaou e yae eae iiae/eiaiiua 3
caeiiai: 1 nio?aiaiey noanoaioeee 2.i?e/eiiinoe e 3.acaeiiaeaenoaey
noanoaioeee. Yoe cae. i?eiaaeeaaeao ia naiie i?e?iaea a oieueei iaoaio
?acoio. Iaoa niciaiea naii no?ieo i?aaeiao ia a oii niunea, /oi iii
ii?iaeaeaao aai eee aeaao aio auoea, a a oii, /oi iii i?eaeaao
iiciaaaaiiio i?aaei oo oi?io, iiae eio ii oieueei e iiaeao iiciaaaoueny
– oi?io anaiauaai e iaiaoiae ciaiey. O.a. ia oi?iu iaoaai oia
niia?acothony n aau i?e?, a iai?ioea, aaue i?e? – n oi?iaie oia.

Ionthaea auaiae , /oi aaue naie ii naaa iaiiciaaaaiu. Ie oi?iu
/oanoaaiiinoe, ie eaoaai?ee ?annoaeea, ie yoe 3 caeiia ia ninoaae
ii?aaeaeaiey naieo aauae a naaa. I?e?iaea eae i?aaeiao anaiauaai e iaiao
ciaiey no?ieony naiei niciaieai.

Yoeea. I?ioeai?a/ea iaiaoiaeeiinoe e naiaiaeu – ia ianoiyuaa: /ae
iinooiaao iaiaoiaeeii a iaeiii ioiioaiee e naiaiaeii a ae?oaii.
Iaiaoiaeeii, oae eae /ae anoue yaeaiea n?aaee ae? yae i?e? e a yoii
ioiio iiae/eiai iaiaoiaeeiinoe. Ii /ae oaeaea e i?aanoaaiiia nou,
noauaeo i?aanoaaiiiai niciaiey. Eae i?aanoa nou /ae i?eiaaeeaaeeo e ie?o
oiiiinoeaaaiuo aan. E a yoii ea/anoaa ii naiaiaeai. I?aanoa. caeii E
iiieiaao eae aaconeiaiia i?aaeienaiea eee “eaoaai?e/aneee eiia?aoea.”

C-i yoio o?aaoao, /iau eaaeaeue iinooiae oae, /oiau i?aaeei aai ee/iiai
iiaaaeaiey iiaei noaoue i?aa aeey anao. Iinooiie i.a. ii?aeueiui oieueei
anee ii niaa?o ec oaaaeaey e i?aano c-io.

E no?aieeny ineaaeoue caaeneiinoue yoeee io aa?u. Ii ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi
ia i?aanoaaiiinoue iniiaaia ia ?aeeaee, a iaiai?io. Iiuo iieac, /oi
iaaeaeo ii? eee aii? iiaaaeaieai /ae e aai n/anoueai ia nou
iaiaoiaeeiiai niioaaonoaey. I?ioeai?a/ea iaaeaeoii? iiaaae /ae e
?acoeueoaoii yoiai iiaaaeaiey a yiie? aeecie ia ie?eony n iaoei
i?aanoaaiiui niciaieai, eio o?aaoao ni?aaaaeeeaiai niioaaonoaey. Ia
iaoiaey aai a ie?a yaeaee, i? niciaiea auioaeaeaii aa?eoue, aoaeoi niioa
inou a ie?a “oiiiinoeaaaiii”. Nou iiiyoee eae naiaiaea, aannia?oea e aia
iauyni ii E. aa?ie a “oiiiinoea” ie?. Eo auoea ia anoue enoeia,
aeieacoaiay oai?aoe/anee, ii anoue iaiao iinooeao eee o?aaiaaiea
“i?aeoe/aneiai ?acoia”.

23. Nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneay oai?ey e yoeea E.Eaioa.

“Aauue a naaa” – iaiiciaaaaiue n iiiiuueth /oanoa ie?. Nouanoai, eioi?ia
niiniaii aeaenoaiaaoue a niioaaonoaee ni anaiaueie (iinoeaaaieie
?acoiii), a ia oieueei yaienoe/aneeie oeaeyie – anoue naiaiaeiia
nouanoai. Naiaiaea – iacaaeneiinoue io i?e/ei /oanoaaiii aini?eieiaaiiai
ie?a. *aeiaa/aneay aiey – aaoiiiiia, iineieueeo iiaeao naia noaoue
i?e/eiie ?yaea yaeaiee. ?acoiiia nouanoai – oeaeue naia ii naaa. =>
iaeuecy i?aa?auaoue ae?oaia ?acoiiia nouanoai, oieueei a n?aaenoai aeey
?aaeecaoeee e-e oeaeae.

Eniieiaiea i?aanoaaiiiai aeieaa o?aaoao i?aiaeieaiey /oanoaaiiuo
neeiiiinoae. => Aeia?iaeaoaeue e n/anouea – aeaa aaue ianiaianoeiua.

Eaaeaeue /aeiaae ciaao caeiiu ai?ei?a => ainoaea?noai aeieaeii
iniiauaaoueny ia iauanoa. aeiaiai?a (“iaeuecy /oiau ec ca iaiy
iino?aaeae ae?oaie /aeiaae”).

24. Iauaeoeaiue eaeaaeecie eaeaaeenoe/aneay aeeaeaeoeea Aaaaey. Eeanneee
Ia?enecia i Aaaaeaaneie oeeinioee

Auaeathueiny i?aaenoaaeoaeai iai ee oee yaeyaony Aai?a Aeeueaaeuei
O?eae?eo Aaaaeue. ?iaeeeny a Ooooaa?oa a 1770a a naiuea e?oiiiai
/eiiaieea. Eco/ae oee e oaeaieiaeth a Othaeiaaineii oi. Iinea aai
ieii/aiey iaeio a?aiy ?aaioae aeii o/eoaeai. A 1801 a caoeoee
aeieoi?neoth e noae i?io Eaineiai oi. Ia?aui auaeathueiny o?oaeii A yae
ai “oaiiiaiieiaey aeooa” (1806) A 1818 a A aue i?eaeaoai a Aa?eeineee
oi, aaea ii ?aaioae i?io e aeaaea ?aeoi?ii.

Oiaeaeanoai auoey e iuoeaiey – enoiaeiue ioieo o/aiey Aaaaey.

Ia iauaeoeaii eaeaaeeno iniiaa ii ?acaee o/aiea i cae e eaoaai?eyo
aeeaeaeoeee, aia?aua a nenoaiaoece?iaaiiii aeaea ?ac?aaioae ini
i?eioeeiu aeeaeaeo eiaeee e iiaeaa?a e?eoeea iaoao niinia iuoeaiey,
ainiiaenoaiaaaoee eae a eaeaaeen oae e iao oa/aieyo oee. Eaioianeie aaue
“naiie ii naaa” ii i?ioeaiiinoaaee aeeae i?eioeei : nouiinoue
i?iyaeyaony, yaeaiea nouanoaaiii. Aaaaeue ooaa?aeaeae, /oi eaoaai?ee
nooue iauaeoeaiua oi?iu aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, a iniiaa eio eaaeeo ie?iaie
?acoi, aan eaeay eee ie? aeoo. Yoi – aeayoaeueiia ia/aei, aeaaoaa
eiioeuen e aicieeiiaaieth e ?acaeoeth ie?a. Aeayoaeueiinoue aan eaeae
caeeth/aaony a iuoeaiee. Oeaeue – a naiiiiciaiee. A i?ioe naiiiiciaiey
?acoi ie?a i?ioiaeeo 3 yoaia : i?aauaaiea naiiiiciathuae aan eaeae a aa
nianoaaiiii eiia, a noeoee /enoiai iuoeaiey ( eiaeea, a eio eaeay
?ane?uaaao naia niaea?aeaiea a nenoaia eaoaai?ee e caeiiia aeeaeaeoeee);
?acaeoea eaeae a oi?ia eiiauoey a aeaea yaeaiee i?e?iaeu (?acaea ia
naia i?e?iaea, a eeoue eaoaai?ee); ?acaeoea eaeae a iuoeaiee e a enoi?ee
/aeiaa/anoaa (enoi?ey aeooa). Ia yoii iineaaeiai yoaia aan eaeay
aica?auaaony e naiie naaa e iinoeaaao naay a oi?ia /aeia niciaiey e
naiiniciaiey.

Oee acaeyaeu A. i?iieeiooe eaeaae ?acaeoey. Ii n/eoae, /oi iaaiciiaeii
iiiyoue yaeaiea, ia oyniea anaai iooe, eio iii niaa?oeei a naiai
?acaeoee, /oi ?acaeoea i?ieno ia ii caieiooiio e?oao, a iinooiaoaeueii
io iecoeo oi?i e aunoei, /oi a yoii i?ioe niaa?oaaony ia?aoiae io eiee/
eciaiaiee a ea/anoaaiiua, /oi enoi/ieeii ?acaeoey yaeythony
i?ioeai?a/ey: i?ioeai? aeaeaeao ie?ii, iii anoue ei?aiue anyeiai
aeaeaeaiey e aeeciaiiinoe, ninoaayao i?eioeei anyeiai naiiaeaeaeaiey. A
oee nenoaia A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue i?aaenoaaeaia eae oeaiue aeeaeaeo
ia?aoiaeia.

Iaeiaei aaa oee i?iieeiooa aeoaieei i?ioeai?a/eai. *oi aea yoi ca
i?ioeai?a/ea? Iaoiae, ?ac?aa A., iai?aaeai ia aaneiia/iinoue iiciaiey.
Iineieeueeo aea iauaeoeaiie iniiaie aai yae aan aeoo, a oeaeueth –
naiiiiciaiea yoiai aan aeooa, iinoieueeo iicaiea eiia/ii, ia?aie/aii. Oi
anoue nenoaia iiciaiey, i?ieaey oeeee iiciaaao nooiaiae, caaa?oeony
iineaaeae nooiaiueth – naiiiiciaiea, ?aaeecaoeeae eioi?iai yae naia oee
Aaaaey. O.i., i?ioeai? iaoiaeii e nenoaiie A. anoue i?ioeai?a/ea iaaeaeo
eiia/iui e aaneiia/iui. Aeaiiia i?ioeai? o A. ioithaeue ia aeeaeaeoe/ii,
eai ia yae enoi/ieeii aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey.

Iaaeinoaoie: noe?aaony ?ieue * ia?aae “aaniethoiui aeooii”.Aaaaeue
?anniao?eaaao naith O, eae aaiaoe /aeiaa/aneiai ?acaeoey.

Aoaeo/e iineaaeiaaoaeai Aaaaey, Ia?en ?acaeaeye iiiaea onoaiiaee
iaiaoeeie eeanne/aneie oeeinioee. Oeeinioey – «aeooiaiay eaeioynnaioeey
naiaai a?aiaie» – i?ecaaia aiineoue a iauanoai ioae?inoue e ?acoi e oai
naiui niaeaenoaiaaoue iauanoaaiii-enoi?e/aneiio i?ia?anno. Caoai Ia?en
oaeaeae IAAeINOAOEE a Aaaaeaaneie oeeinioee: 1) ainoaea?noai (ii aaaaeth
– aiieiuaiea ?acoia) ?oeiaiaenoaoaony eioa?anaie «i?eaeeaae?iaaiiuo
nineiaee» e ioithaeue ia ia iano?iaii i?eneooeaaoueny e aieino
oeeinioneiai e?eoe/aneiai aiaeeca. 2) iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiui ieacaeny e
nai o?iaaiue enneaaeiaaiey i?aeoe/aneeo i?iaeai. Aaaaeaaneay aeeaeaeoeea
inoaaeyea a noi?iia aeoaeiiua i?e/eiu e ei?ie yoeo i?iaeai (Ia?en oaea
aeaeae, /oi ei?ie yoe – a iaoa?eaeueiuo, yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaieyo
ethaeae).

25. Aio?iiieiae/aneee iaoa?eaeeci Oaa?aaoa. E?eoeea ?aeeaee e
eaeaaeecia.

Inoaeaeay eaeaaeeno ieeiaaiea iuoeaiey eae aiai?e?iaeiie e naa?o/ae
nouiinoe, O i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi aii?in ia ioiio auoey e iuoe anoue
aii?in i nouiinoe /aeiaaea, eai iuneeo eioue /ae. Neaaeia
oee.,iineieueeo iia ?ao aii?in ia ioiio iuoe e auoeth, aeieaeia auoue
aio?iiieiaeae, o.a. o/aieai i /ae, a nouanoaiaaiee, a aeayo eioi?iai
yoio aii?in iaoiaeeo naia oaeoe/aneia, ?aaeueiia ?aoaiea.

Iaoee ane?uaatho ia?ac?uaioth naycue iuoeaiey n iao i?ioeannaie a /ae
i?aaiecia, n /oanoa aini?eyoeyie eoae. *ae iaioaeaeei io i?e?iaeu;
iuoeaiea anoue iaiaoiaeeiia au?aaeaiea i?enouae aio aeie, oeceieia.
aeayoaeueiinoe. O.ooaa?aeaeaao: “Iia oee i?aa?auaao /ae, aeeth/ay e
i?e?iaeo, eae aacen /ae, a aaeeinoaaiiue, oieaa?n e aunoee i?aaeiao oee,
i?aa?auay, neaaeiaao, aio?iiieiaeth, a oii /enea e oeceieiaeth, a
oieaa?n iaoeo.” Aio?iiieiaey O oeacua ia aai no?aieaiea ?ac?aaioaoue
iaoa? neno acaeyaeia. O aic?aaeae i?ioea oa?aeo naiaai o/aiey eae iaoa?,
a iniaaiiinoe ec ca aoeueaa?iuo iaoa?eaeenoia (iuneue – yoi a-ai ,
auaeaeyaiia iicaii).

Nouanoaaiiui niaea?aeaieai e iacia/. aio?iiieia. i?eioeeia yaeyaony ii
O. iao/iia enoieeiaaiea iauanoaaiiiai niciaiey, a eio ii aeaeeo
io?aaeaiea nouiinoe /ae. Yoa nouiinoue ii O i?aaeaea anaai /oanoaaiiay
aeeciue oia e na?aeoea, iiiaiia?acea ia?aaeea eiaeeaeaea. ?a/ue eaeao
neaaeia i oii, /oiau ?annniao?eaaoue ?ace oi?iu iau niciaiey (e
?aeeaeth) n oi/ee c?aiey caee. a iae aeeciaiiiai niaea?aeaiey. Caeanue
ii eaeao aeaeueoa i?aaeoanoa iaoa?eaeenoia, eio ooaa?aeaeaee, /oi
?aeeaey eeoaia ?aaeueiiai niaea?aeaiey. O naiaeeo naa?oanoanoa e
anoanoaaiiiio, ia?aaeueiia e ?aaeueiiio – a yoii ini /a?oa aai aio?iiie
iaoiaea.

Iniiaie aio?iiie O yaeyaony iao o/aiea i i?e?iaea. I?e? yae
aaeeinoaaiiie ?aaeueiinoueth, a /ae aa aunoei i?iaeoeoii. A /ae e
aeaaiaea?y aio i?e? iuouaao naay, nica?oeaao naay, iuneeo i naaa.

Iiiaiia?acea yae i?e?iaeu ia iiaeao auoue naaaeaii e iauae,
iaeii?iaeiie ia?aiiaoa?ee. I?e?iaea aa/ia. Aicieeiiaaiea e oie/oiaeaiea
ioiinyony oiueei e ioaeaeueiui yaeaieyi. I?e? aaneiia/ia a i?ino?ainoaa.

“O i?e? iao ie ia/aea ia eiioee. ana a iae iaoiaeeony ai
acaeiiaeaenoaee; ana ioiineoaeueii. Ana iaeiia?aiaii yae aeaenoaeai e
i?e/eiie, ana a iae ananoi?iiia e acaeiii…” Iaeiaei yoa aeoaiei
aeeaeaeoe/iay aeiaaaeea ia iaoiaeeo aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey o O.

O. ionoaeaaao iieiaeaiea i ia?ac?uaiie nayce iaoa?ee e aeaeaeaiey.
Iaeiaei ia oeacuaaao ia ea/anoaaiiia iiiaiia?acea oi?i aeaeae. iaoa?ee,
ia eo acaeiiia?aoiae. O aiai?eo e i ?acaeoee, ii iiieiaao aa
iaoaoece/ii.

Iuoaaony i?aiaeieaoue iaoaienoeeci. Ii aiai?eo i ianaiaeeiinoe aunoeo
oi?i nou iaoa?ee e iecoei. Ineo aeou nouanoaaiii ioee/athony io eo
oeceieiae/. iniiau. Aaeeinoai noauaeo n iauaeoeaiui, ineo n oece/aneei
ia ono?aiyao aioo?aiiaai ?acee/ey iaaeaeo ieie.

Iiiaiia?acea /ae iuou. Niioa iiiaiia? ea/anoa i?e?iaeu., iii
iaoneiaeaii ei e i?eioeeieaeueii iaaiciiaeii aac iaai. Iiyoiio iaeuecy
i?ioeaiiinoaaeyoue niaea?ae /ae iuou ea/anoaaiiie ii?aaeaeaiiinoe
/oano-aini?eieiaaiuo yaeaiee. Oai ia iaiaa O iiieiaiea noauaeoa e
iauaeoa iineo aio?iiieia. oa?-oa?.

Oeaeaniia?aciinoue a aeea e ?ano ie?a i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ia ?-o
?aaeecaoeee aioo?aiia i?enouae yae oeaee, a neaaenoaea aaeeinoaa iao
ie?a. O.i ii ia io?eoeaao iauaeo oeaeaniia?aciinoe a aeea i?e?iaea, ii
i?aa oeacuaaao ia aa ioiineoaeueiinoue.

O.i o. o/aiea i i?e?iaea a oeaeii ia auoiaeeo ca ?aiee iaoao
iaoa?eaeecia. Yoi neacuaaaony, iai?eia?, a O. ii?aaeae i?e?iaeu: “ss
iiieiath iiae i?e? niaieoiiinoue anao /oanoa nee, aauae e nouanoa, eio
/aeiaae ioee/aao io naay, eae ia/aeiaa/aneia… Eee , aa?y neiai
i?aeoe/anee, i?e? anoue ana oi, /oi aeey /ae – iacaaeneii io naa?ouano
aiooaiee oaenoe/aneie aa?u – i?aaenoaaeyaony iaiin?aaenoaaiii,
/oanoaaiii, eae iniiaa e i?aaeiao aai aeecie. I?e? anoue anao,
yeaeo?e/anoai, iaaiaoeci, aicaeoo, aiaea, iaiiue, caiey, aeeaioiia,
?anoaiea, /aeiaae, iineieueeo ii yae nouanoaii, iai?iecaieueii e
aanniciaoaeueii aeaenoaothuei, – iiae neiaii i?e? y ia ?acoiath ie/aai
aieaa, ie/aai ienoe/aneiai, ie/aai ooiaiiiai, ie/aai oaieiae/aneiai”.

Oai? iiciaiey – nainoaeeci. ?aaeueiue ie? anue /oanoaaiii aini?eiei.
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, neaaeiaaoaeueii, eeoue aeaaiaea?y /oanoa
aini?eyoeyi aiciiaeii aai iiciaiea. *oanoa aini?eyoea, iaiin? ii naiae
i?e?iaea i.a. oaeaea e iiin?aaeiaaiiui, o.a. aeaaaoue einaaiiua
naeaeaoaeuenoaa ioiineoaeueii oiai,/oi iu ia aeaeei, ia neuoei, ia
inycaai… I?aaiia /oanoa, eio iaeaaeaao /ae aiieia aeinoaoi/ii aeey
iiciaiey ethauo yaeaiee. *oanoa aini?eyoey a neeo naiae iaiin?aaenoa
nayce n aauaie ieeiaaea ian ia iaiaiuaatho.

Iaeiaei ii ia aeeth/aao a naia ?anniio?aiea i?aeoe/aneoth
aeayoaeueiinoue.

O i?eciaao aaaeioth iiciaa ooieoeeth oai?ao iuoeaiey e aai niiniaiinoe
aeinoe/ue aieaa aeoaieiai iiciaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Caae iuoeaiey –
niae?aoue, n?aaieaaoue ?acee/aoue, eeanneoeoee?iaaoue /oanoa aeaiiua,
iniciaaaoue, iiieiaoue, iaia?oaeeaaoue eo ne?uoia, iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia
yaeythuaany niaea?aeaiea. “*oanoaaie iu /eoaai eieao i?e?iaeu, ii
iiieiaai aa ia /oanoaaie”. Iuoeaiea iineo iiin?aaeiaaiiue oa?-oa?,
iiyoiio oi, i /ai iu iuneei, ia anaaaea yae iauaeoii iaiin?aaenoa
aini?eyoey. Eae aea onoaiaae enoeiiinoue iaoeo iiiyoee, eo niioa
?aaeueiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe? Iooai niiinoaae. iiiyoee, oai? auaiaeia n
/oanoaaiiuie aeaiiuie.O.i /oanoaaiiia nica?oeaiea – anoue e?eoa?ee
enoeiiinoe iuoeaiey. A iauai O ia iiieiaao neiaei aeeaeaeo nayce iaaeaeo
/oanoa io?aae ie?a e iuoeaieai, aai ia eioa?anoao i?iae eaoaai?ee e
eiaeee. Aeoa eaeay Aaaaey i aeaeae oai? iuoeaiey io aano? e eiie?aoiiio,
iaiciiaeiinoe, neaaeiaaoaeueii, eiie?. iuoeaiey inoaeanue /oaeaeie
aeeyO.

26. Iiiyoea auoey e aai ?acaeoea eae enoiaeiie eaoaai?ee oeeinioee.
Niaoeeoeea /aeiaa/aneiai auoey.

Auoea ie?a = I, *, I, eaeae, i?iaeoeo o?oaea. I?iaeaia auoey aicieeaao
oiaaea, eiaaea ?aciiai ?iaea oieaa?naeueiua i?aaeiinueee noaiiayony
i?aaeiaoii niiiaiee e ?acaeoiee.

Aeaa aniaeoa i?iaeaiu auoey: 1) oeaii/ea aii?inia, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo
iiaoaeaeaao e iinoaiiaea neaaeothuaai. *oi nouanoaoao? Ie?. Aaea
nouanoaoao? Caeanue e aacaea. Eae aeieai ii nouanoaoao? Oaia?ue e
anaaaea. Ie? aue, anoue e aoaeao, ii iai?aoiaeyu. Ei?aiue, niune
i?iaeaiu – a i?ioeai?a/eaii aaeeinoaa iai?aoiaeyuaai auoey i?e?iaeu eae
oeaeiai e i?aoiaeyuaai auoey aauae, ninoiyiee i?e?iaeu, /aeiaa/aneeo
nouanoa. 2) i?e?iaea, /aeiaae, iunee, eaeae, iauanoai ?aaii nouanoaotho;
?acee/iua ii oi?iai naiaai nouanoaiaaiey, iie i?aaeaea anaai aeaaiaea?y
naiaio nouanoaiaaieth ia?acotho oeaeinoiia aaeeinoai aaneiia/iiai,
iai?aoiaeyuaai ie?a.

Oi?iu auoey: 1) auoea aauae 2) auoea /aeiaaea 3) auoea aeooiaiiai
(eaeaaeueiiai) -> aeaeeony ia eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaiiia aeooiaiia e
iauaeoeae?iaaiiia 4) auoea nioeeaeueiia

Iniaaiiinoue /aeiaa/aneiai auoey ii?aaeaeyaony 1) aiciiaeiinoueth
?aaoee?iaaoue naie iio?aaiinoe a i?aaeaeao e oi?iao, ii?aaeaeyaiuo
iauanoaii 2) /aeiaae – ia?ana/aiea ioiineoaeueii ?aciuo auoeenoaaiiuo
ecia?aiee – a) ?aaeueii nouanoaoao ioaeaeueiue /aeiaae (iuneyuay e
/oanoaothuay aauue) a) /aeiaae – nouanoai ?acoiiia, iaoiaeyuaany ia
ii?aaeaeaiiii aeoea ?acaeoey a) /aeiaae – nioeeaeueii-enoi?e/aneia
nouanoai

*aeiaa/aneia auoea – ?aaeueiinoue, iauaeoeaiay ii ioiioaieth e niciaieth
ioaeaeueiuo iieieaiee e ethaeae. *aeiaae-ian/eiea a iaaiia?aceiii ie?a,
ii ethaee niiniaiu iniaaiii iiuii (a oii /enea e iaaoaii) aeeyoue ia ie?
e ia naieo naay.

27. Noaiiaeaiea e ?acaeoea oeeinioneie eaoaai?ee “iaoa?ey”.
Aeeaeaeoeei-iaoa?eaeenoe/aneia ii?aaeaeaiea iaoa?ee, aai
ie?iaicc?ai/aneee e iaoiaeieiae/aneee niune.

Eaiei: “Iaoa?ey anoue O eaoaai?ey aeey iaicia/aiey iauaeoeaiie
?aaeueiinoe, eioi?ay aeaia * a aai iuouaieyo, eioi?ay eiie?oaony,
oioia?aoe?oaony, ioia?aaeaaony iaoeie iuouaieyie, nouanoaoy iacaaeneii
io ieo”.

?aiaa iaoa?ey ?aniao?eaaeanue ia?yaeo n ae?oaeie aauaie, eae ioaeaeueiay
noanoaioeey. Iaoa?eaeeci, eaeaaeeci, aeoaeeci. Naaiaeiy iaoa?ey
iiieiaaony eae niaieoiiinoue iauaeoia iaoa?eaeueiiai ie?a, iiciaaaaiiai
a i?ioeanna i?aeoeee, aoii /enea e I.

Ioeaee a ii?aaeaeaieyo iiiyoee aaaeoo e e?eceno (?aiaa iaoa?eth
ii?aaeaeyee eae niaieoiiinoue aoiiia). Neiune ae-i ii?aaeaeaiey iaoa?ee
a aai iauiinoe.

28. Aeaeaeaiea, aai nouiinoue e iniiaiua oi?iu. Aeaeaeaiea e ?acaeoea.

Ana a i?e?iaea aeaeaeaony. I iieia iiaeii aiai?eoue oieueei
ioiineoaeueii.

Aeaeaeaiea – iaioaieaiia naienoai iaoa?ee. Auaeaeytho aeaa oeia
aeaeaeaiey iaoa?ee: n nio?aiaieai onoie/eainoe (ea/anoaa), eciaiaiea
ea/anoaa (?acaeoea). Oi?iu aeaeaeaiey (Yiaaeuen): iaoaie/aneia,
oece/aneia, oeie/aneia, aeieiae/aneia, nioeeaeueiia. Eiiaaea e oi?iai
aeaeaeaiey ioiinyo e iuoeaiea.

Aunoea oi?iu aea. Iaeuecy naanoe oeaeeeii e iieiinoueth e iecoei.

29. I?ino?ainoai e a?aiy, ?acaeoea yoeo eaoaai?ee a oeeinioee.

Naienoai iaoa?ee – auoue i?ioyaeaiiie, caieiaoue ianoi n?aaee ae?oaeo
iauaeoia => iiiyoea i?ioyaeaiiinoe. Yoi iiiyoea aiciiaeii aeaaiaei?y
naienoao iaoa?ee aeaeeoueny. Aeaeaeaiea iaoa?ee iiae?acoiaaaao, /oi
iaeii niauoea iiaeao ianooieoue ?aiueoa ae?oaiai => aeeeoaeueiinoue,
nei?inoue, ?eoi,… . Anee yoe oa?aeoa?enoeae aano?aae?iaaoue io
iauaeoia => a?aiy. Nouanoaoao i?iaeaia yoaeiiiiai a?aiaie (aoiiiua
/anu). E?iia /ania nouanoaoao eiooeoeaiia /oanoai a?aiaie o *,
aeeaioiuo, …., eioi?ia iiaeao eciaiyoueny a caaeneiioe io ioaeae
eiie?aoiiai i?aaiecia (i?aaeneacaiey aoaeouaai). I?ino?ainoaaiii –
a?aiaiiua oi?iu iaiaoiaeeii ?anniao?eaaoue ioiineoaeueii eiie?aoiuo
iaoa?eaeueiuo iauaeoia. Ae?aaiea aea oeeiniou auaeaeyee eo a ioaeaeueiua
noanoaioeee.

Oaeaea nouanoaoao nioeeaeueiia i?ino?ainoai (aeeeeua) e a?aiy (yiioe).

Oaeaea nouanoaoao i?ino?ainoai e a?aiy eieaeaeoaeueiiai *.

30. Iiiaiia?acea i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiuo naienoa aeaeaeouaeny iaoa?ee.
Aeieiae/aneia e nioeeaeueiia i?ino?ainoai e a?aiy. I?ino?ainoai e a?aiy
a ineoeea /aeiaaea.

ni 29.

31. Oeeinioey e anoanoaiciaiea i iaoa?eaeueiii aaeeinoaa ie?a.

Iaeia e oa aea oaaeeoea Iaiaeaeaaaa, oaaea oece/aneia caeiiu…

32. Aeeaeaeoeea eae iaoea i anaiauae nayce e ?acaeoee.

Aeeaeaeoeea – eae iaeaieaa iieiia e ananoi?iiiaa o/aiea i ?acaeoee.
Aeeaeaeoeea – iaoea nii?eoue.Nie?ao: ia?aoiae io /anoiuo neo/aaa
(e?aneaay aeaaooea, e?aneaue eiiue, ioaeanoai…)e eneiiui iauei eo
ii?aaeaeaieyi. Aai o/aiee- Ieaoii: aeeaeaeoeea eae iaoiae aiaeeca e
neioaca iiiyoee, eae aeaeaeaiea iunee io iiiaiia?aciuo eiie?aoiuo eo
cia/aiee e iauei iiiyoeyi – eaeayi. Aeeaeaeoeea eae eneonnoai nii?eoue
?acaeeanue a n?aaeiea aaea.

Aaaeiia ianoi a aeeaeaeoeea caieiaao eaeay anaiauae acaeiinayce yaeaiee.
Aaeiui i?aaeiaoii aeeaeaeoeee yaeythony oieaa?naeueiua nayce oeia naycue
aaeeie/iiai e iauaai, /anoe e oeaeiai, yaeaiey e nouiinoe… Eaoaai?ee
(oieaa?naeueiua oi?iu * iuoeaiey) aeeaeaeoeee: “neo/aeiinoue –
iaiaoiaeeiinoue”, “i?e/eia – neaaenoaea”, “aaeeiia – iauaa”(ni. 36),
“yaeaiea e nouiinoue”. eaoaai?ee caaenyo io nioeeae. – enoi?e/. yoaia.
Aaaaeue: oacen, aioeoacen, neioac. Aioe/iay aeeaeaeoeea – Aa?aeeeo,
eaeeaeanoe/aneay – Aaaaeue, iaoa?eaeanoe/aneoth.

33. Iauaeoeaiay e noauaeoeaiay aeeaeaeoeea. Aaeeinoai aeeaeaeoeee,
eiaeee e oai?ee iiciaiey.

???

34. E?eoeea iaoiaeieiae/aneeo iniia nioenoeee, yeeaeoeee, aeiaiaoecia e
?aeyoeaecia.

Nioenoeea – niciaoaeueiia i?eiaiaiea a nii?a eee a aeieacaoaeuenoaao
iai?aaeeueiuo aeiaiaeia, oae iac nioeciia, o a anyeiai ?iaea oeiaie,
caianee?iaaiiuo aiaoiae oi?iaeueiie i?aaeeueiinoueth. Oa?aeoa?iuie
i?eaiaie N yaeythony: auau?uaaiea niauoee ec eo nayce n ae?., i?aiaiaiea
caeiiiia?iinoae iaeiie a?oiiu yaeaiee e yaeaieyi ae? a?oiiu, iaeiie
enoi?e/aneie yiioe – e niauoeyi ae? yiioe e o ae. Eae a iaoea, oae e a
iieeoeea N ea?aao ?aaeoeeiiioth ?ieue.

Yeeaeoeea – niaaeeiaiea ?acee/iuo, eiiaaea i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo oeeinioneeo
acaeyaeia, oai?aoe/aneeo i?aaeiinueie, oeaiiinoiuo noaeaeaiee e o.i. Eae
iaoiaeieiae/aneee i?eai, caeeth/athueeny a aannenoaiiii nai?a e
ni/aoaiee ?acee/iuo naaaeaiee e ciaiee, Y eniieueciaaeanue a iicaeiaa?a/
oeeinioee, noieanoeea, a iaeioi?uo aeeneonneyo iiaiai a?aiaie. Y
oa?aeoa?ecoaony iaoiaieai auaeaeyoue aeaaiua, aaaeouea caeiiiia?iinoe,
iauyniythuea i?ioeannu ?acaeoey a i?e?iaeiii e nioeeaeueiii ie?a.

Aeiaiaoeci – iae?eoe/aneee, iaeiinoi?iiiee, aioeenoi?e/aneee oei
iuoeaiey, e-?ue a aini?eyoee, ioeaiea, iiieiaiee ?aaeee ia o/eouaaao
niaoeeoe/aneea oneiaey ianoa, a?aiaie aeaenoaey e iie?aaony ia
i?iecaieueiua, aacaeieacaoaeueiua, i?aaeacyoua iino?iaiey e
eiino?oeoeee. A iniiaa Ae – yaiia eee iayaiia eaii?e?iaaiea
aeeiaie/iinoe, eiie?aoiinoe, i?ioeannoaeueiinoe enoeiu, ia?ooaiea eee
eneaaeaiea aeeaeaeoeee aaniethoiiai e ioiineoaeueiiai a iae.
Ineoieiae/aneee ooiaeaiaio Ae – neaiia aeiaa?ea aaoi?eoaoo, eia?oiinoue
oia, ao?ioey aiee, eiina?aaoeaiay i?eaa?aeaiiinoue i?ioeiio, iaeiaaea
onaiaiiui eaiiiai, onoiyi aeecie. Nioeeaeueiua iniiaaiey Ae –
ei?ii?aoeaiue (eeanniaue, a?oiiiaie) eee ee/iinoiue yaieci,
caeioa?aniaaiiinoue a iiaeaea?aeaiee iai?eeiniiaaiiinoe iaee/iiai status
quo. Ae a iieeoeea nii?yaeai n aaoi?eoa?eciii, iiiiiieeae ia
ie?iaeaeaiea e ie?iaini?eyoea, aaaeao e ?ac?uao neiaa e aeaea, oai?ee e
i?aeoeee, iaoneaaeeaaao noauaeoeaeci, aiethioa?eci e a eiia/iii n/aoa
naiiaeene?aaeeoaoeeth iieeoeee. Eo/oee niinia ai?ueau – oai?/aneia
iiceoeaiia ?acaeoea oai?ee, oiaiea iooaeeeaaoueny io oaa?aeie ii/au
?aaeueiinoe, iauaeoeaiuo oaeoia.

?aeyoeaeci – oeeinioneay eiioeaioeey, ooaa?aeaeathuay ioiineoaeueiinoue,
oneiaiinoue e noauaeoeaiinoue /aeiaa/aneiai iiciaiey. I?eciaaay
ioiineoaeueiinoue ciaiee, ? io?eoeaao iauaeoeaiinoue iiciaiey, n/eoaao,
/oi a iaoeo ciaieyo ia io?aaeaaony iauaeoeaiue ie?. Aeeaeaeoe/aneee
iaoa?eaeeci i?eciaao ioiineoaeueiinoue iiciaiey eeoue a oii niunea, /oi
eaaeaeay enoi?e/aneay nooiaiue iiciaiey ia?aie/aia aeaiiui o?iaiai
?acaeoey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e o?iaiai iaoee, a ia a niunea
io?eoeaiey iauaeoeaiie enoeiu.

35. Eaoaai?ee aeeaeaeoeee eae io?aaeaiea anaiaueo naycae auoey e nooiaie
?acaeoey iiciaiey.

Aeey aeeaeaeoeee oa?aeoa?ii oi?ie?iaaiea ia?iuo eaoaai?ee , io?aaeathueo
«iiey?iua» noi?iiu oeaeinoiuo yaeaiee, i?ioeaania. Aeeaeaeoe/aneee
oa?aeoa? ioiioaiee «i?e/eia – neaaenoaea», «neo/aeiinoue –
iaiaoiaeeiinoue» «aiciiaeiinoue – aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue» e ae?oaeo
au?aaeaaony a i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo ii ia?ac?uaii naycaiiuo iiiyoeyo, eo
aaeeinoaa, ia?aoiaeao ae?oa a ae?oaa, acaeiiaeaeoaee. Eaoaai?ee
aeeaeaeoeee oi?ie?othony ia ii?aaeaeaiiuo nooiaiyo ?acaeoey iauanoaa.N
oaeoaeaieai e iaiaauaieai ciaiee ia oieaa?naeueiuo naycyo
?ac?aaaouaathony niaoeeaeueiua oeeinioneea iiiyoey – iai?eia?, ea/anoai,
eiee/anoai, ia?a, nea/ae. A eaoaai?eyo aeeaeaeoeee oanii naycaiu
iauaeoeaiia ciaiea i niioaaonoaothuae oi?ia nayce yaeaiee (i?e/eiiinoue,
caeii …) e oi?ia iunee – iiciaaaoaeueiue i?eai, iin?aaenoaii eioi?iai
iniuneeaaaony oaeay naycue. Ai?eciioaeueiue e aa?oeeaeueiue iiaeoiaeu e
aiaeeco oieaa?naeueiuo naycae. Ai?eciioaeueiue: «aaeeie/iia – iauaa»,
«ea/anoai – eiee/anoai», «/anoue – oeaeia», «eiia/iia – aaneiia/iia»,
«i?inoia – neiaeiia»… Aa?oeeaeueiue: «yaeaiea – nouiinoue», «i?e/eia –
neaaenoaea», «neo/aeiinoue – iaiaoiaeeiinoue», «aiciiaeiinoue –
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue».

36. Aaeeie/iia, iniaaiiia e iauaa. ssaeaiea e nouiinoue eae eaoaai?ee
aeeaeaeoeee.

Aaeeie/iia oa?aeoa?ecoao ioaeaeueiue i?aaeiao. yaeaiea, i?ioeann,
ioee/athueeny ii naiei i?ino?.- a?aiaiiui e ae?. naienoaai io eiuo, a
oii /enea iiaeiaiuo aio, i?aaeiaoia. Iauaa – iauaeoeaii nouanoaothuaa
noiaenoai oa?aeoa?enoee aaeeie/iuo i?aaeiaoia, eo iaeiioeiiinoue a
iaeioi?uo ioiioaieyo, i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue e iaeiie e oieaea a?oiia yaeaiee
eee aaeeiie nenoaia naycae. Naycue aaeeie/iiai e iauaai iineo
anaioaaouaathuee oa?aeoa?: a iaa aeeth/aiu ana yaeaiey, i?aaeiaou,
i?ioeannu. ?aaeueiua i?aaeiaou aaeeie/iu, ia auaaao aaniethoii
iaeeiaeiauo i?aaeiaoia (eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue, iaiiaoi?eiinoue).
Aeeaeaeoeea aaeeiiai e iauaai i?iyaeyaony a eo ia?ac?uaiie nayce. Iauaa
ia nouanoaoao nai ii naaa. Iii ia?ac?uaii naycaii n aaeeie/iui.
Aeeaeaeoeea aaeeie/iiai e iauaai io?aaeaaony a ycuea, iaeaaeathuai
iiuiie niiniaiinoueth iaiauaiey. Aiaona n oai ycue iaeaaeaao iaoaieciaie
eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee i?aaeiaoia, niauoee, oeacaiey ia eiie?aoiua,
aaeeie/iua yaeaiey. Naiaia?acea e noiaenoai i?aaeiaoia iiaeao
eieaaaoueny a aeeaiaciia «eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia iaiiaoi?eiia – oeiiaia».
Iaeaieaa y?eei i?iyaeaieai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai yaeyaony oieeaeueiia.
I?ioeaiieiaeiinoueth eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai iaiiaoi?eiiai yaeyaony oeiiaia.
I?aaeaeueiue neo/ae oeiecaoeee oaoie/aneeo ono?ienoa – noaiaea?oecaoeey.

Ae?oaie iiaeoiae e iniuneaieth anaiaueo naycae auoey naycai n
iniuneaieai iiaa?oiinoiuo e aeoaeiiuo o?iaiae aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. N
o.c?. iao. aeeaeaeo. ssaeaiea e nouiinoue – ?aciua o?iaie iauaeoeaiie
?aaeueiinoe. Nouiinoue – aioo?aiiyy, aeoaeiiay, ne?uoay, ioiineoaeueii
onoie/eaay noi?iia oiai eee eiiai i?aaeiaoa, yaeaiey, i?ioeanna,
ii?aaeaeythuay aai i?e?iaeo, niaie. *a?o e ae? oa?. ssaeaiea – yoi
aiaoiea iaaethaeaaiua iau/ii aieaa iiaeaeaeiua, eciai/eaua
oa?aeoa?enoeee oiai eee eiiai i?aaeiaoa, ioiineoaeueii naiinoiyoaeueiie
iaeanoe iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoe. ssaeaiea e nouiinoue, eae i?aaeei, ia
niaiaaeatho. Aaaaeue – iaiin?aaenoaaiiia auoea aauae – yoi ei?iia eee
caaana, ca eioi?ie ne?uaaaony nouiinoue.

37. No?oeoo?iua nayce. Yeaiaio, no?oeoo?a, ooieoeey, nenoaia. I?eioeei
nenoaiiinoe.

Eaio – iaoea ia aa?aaao, a neonoaia, a eioi?ie oeaeia (/aoeay
acaeiinaycue niioa. ciaiee) – aaaeiaa /anoae. I?aiaeaaeae iaoaieoeeci,
yeaiaioa?eci. A i?ioeanna eco/aiey I. e aeieiae/aneiai ie?a – iiyaeeanue
iaiaoiaeeiinoe a nenoaiiii iiaeoiaea. Aeeaeaeoeea – neaaenoaea
nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea.

Yeaiaio – ia?aceiaeeiue aeaeaa eiiiiiaio neiaeiuo i?aaeiaoia, yaeaiee.

Nenoaia – oii?yaei/aiiia iiiaeanoai acaeiinaycaiiuo yeaiaioia,
iaeaaeathuaa no?oeoo?ie e i?aaiecaoeeae.

No?oeoo?a – ioiineoaeueii onoie/eaue niinia nayce yeaiaioia oiai eee
eiiai neiaeiiai oeaeiai.

I?eioeei nenoaiiinoe i?eiaiyaony e nenoaiiui iauaeoai (iao niunea
i?eiaiyoue aai e a?oaea eaiiae). Iniiaiie i?eioeei nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea
– i?eioeei oeaeinoiinoe. Iaiaoiaeeii auaeaeeoue nayce a nenoaia
(nenoaiiia?acothuea, ai?eciioaeueiua, aa?oeeaeueiua). I?e enneaaeiaaiee
neoai, iaeaaeathueo nianoaaiiuie i?aaiaie oi?aaeaiey iaiaoiaeeii
auaeaeeoue oeaee eo iiaaaeaiey.

38. Oeaeia e /anoue. I?eioeei oeaeinoiinoe. Oi?ia e niaea?aeaiea.

A ae?aaiinoe – iiiyoue oio eee eiie i?aaeiao – ociaoue ec /aai ii
ninoieo. *anoe – i?aaeiaou, eoi?ua a naiae niaieoiiinoe ia?acotho iiaua,
aieaa neiaeiua i?aaeiaou. Oeaeia iaeaaeaao ae?. oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ia
nienoaaiiuie /anoyi aai ninoaaeythuei. – ?aoaiea aeeaeaeoe/aneay naycue
/anoae. Iaiaoiaeeai ooiaeeoue io ?aaeoeoeeiiecia, yeaiaioa?ecia
(aeaeaiea neiaeiiai ia i?inoua), iaoaieoeecia (oeaeia eeoue noiia
/anoae).

I?eioeei oeaeinoiinoe: eeth/ e ?aoaieth aii?ina (a /ai caeeth/aaony
nae?ao oeaeinoiinoe?) aeaao aeeaeaeoeea: oaeia oeaeinoiinoe, aa
ianaiaeeiinoe e i?inoie noiia /anoae caeeth/aaony a nayce,
iauaaeeiythuea i?aaeiaou a neiaeiua eiiieaenu, ai acaeiiaeeyiee /anoae.

Niaea?aeaiea e oi?ia – iiiyoey aeeaeaeoe/aneea. Eo naycue y?ei
i?aaenoaaeaia a eneonnoaa (oaia ethaae a iiycee, eeii – eiatho ?aciua
niioiioaiey) . a ea/anoaa oii?yaei/aaathuaai oaeoi?a oi?ia aieaa
eiina?aaoeaia /ai niaea?aeaiea (eiina?aaoeaiinoue oi?i oi?aaeaiey…).
Ia?aoiae ia iiaue yoai ?acaeoey o?aaoao niaiu oi?iu (oi?iu onoa?aaatho).
Oi?iaeecaoeey ciaiey iieacia (ia?aaiae niaea?aeaoaeueiuo o?aaiaioia
ciaiey ia enneonoaaiiue neiaiee/aneee eee oi?ioeueiue ycue).

39. I?e/eiiinoue, iaiaoiaeeiinoue e neo/aeiinoue, aiciiaeiinoue e
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue. Eiioeaioeey aeaoa?ieiecia.

I?e/eia – yaeaiea, iiaeaeoaa ca niaie ae?oaia yaeaiea (neaaenoaea).
Iniaay oi?ia i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiuo naycae – acaeiiaeaenoaea (iaee/ea
ia?aoiie nayce). Nouanoaotho iiiaeanoaaiiua i?e/eiii – neaaenoa. nayce.
Oeie/iay naycue – “aeiieii”. Io?aaeaiea – oaeaea oei i-n nayce.
Auaeaeytho eaoaeecaoi?u, iiaiaeu oie eee eiie nayce. I?e/eiiia iniiaaiea
– niaieoiiinoue anao ianoiyoaeuenoa, i?e iaee/ee eioi?uo ianooiaao
neaaenoaea. Nayce iiaoo iineoue oaeaea e neo/aeiue oa?aeoa?.

Iaiaoiaeeiinoue – iaeiicia/iay iaoneiaeaiiay naycue yaeaiee, i?e eioi?ie
ianooieaiea niauoey – i?e/eiu iaycaoaeueii aea/ao ca niaie aiieia
ii?aeaeaiiia yaeaiea-neaaenoaea. Neo/aeiinoue – iiey?ii iaiaoiaeeiinoe.
Aiciiaeiinoue – i?aaeiinueea aicieeiiaaiey oiai eee eiiai yaeaiey,
i?ioeanna, aai iioaioeeaeueiia nouanoaiaaiea. Aiciiaeiinoue e
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue – aeaa iineaaeiaaoaeueiua nooiaie ?acaeoey yaeaiey,
aai aeaeaeaiey io i?e/eiu e neaaenoaeth. Aa?iyoiinoue -ia?a aiciiaeiinoe
ianooieaiey neo/aeiiai niauoey.

I?eioeei aeaoa?iaiecia – ?aaeueiua i?e?iaeiua e ineoe/aneea i?ioeannu
aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiu, oa aicieeatho, ?acaeaathony e oie/oiaeathony
caeiiiia?ii, a ?acoeueoaoa aeaenoaey ii?aaeaeaiiuo i?e/ei. Aeaoa?iaieci
– iniiaiiieaa. i?eioeei iaoa?eaeecia. Auaeaeytho noaoenoe/aneoth
aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiinoue (?ac-o acaeiiaeaenoaey aieueoiai /enea yeaiaioia,
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiuo), eaieanianeee aeaoa?iaieci (anee
ecaanoiu ia/. oneiaey e ana ia?aiao?u nenoaiu, a oaeaea eo i?iecaiaeiua
ii a?aiaie => iiaeii i?iaeneacaoue ana /oi aoaeao e /oi auei).

40. Ea/anoai, eiee/anoai, ia?a, nea/ie. Aeeaeaeoeea eiee/anoaaiiuo e
ea/anoaaiiuo eciaiaiee a i?ioeanna ?acaeoey.

Ea/anoai – oaeay ii?aaeaeaiiinoue i?aaeiaoa, eioi?ay oa?aeoa?ecoao aai
eae aeaiiue i?aaeiao, iaeaaeathueo niaieoiiinueth i?enoueo aio naienoa e
i?eiaaeeaaeauee e eeanno iaeiioeiiuo n iei i?aaeiaoia. Eiee/anoai –
oa??-ea yaeaiee, i?aaeiaoia, i?ioeannia ii noaiaie ?acaeoey eee
eioaineaiinoe i?enoueo ei naienoa, au?aaeaaiay a aaee/eiao e /eneao.
Ia?a – aeeaeaeo. aaeeinoai ea/anoaa e eiee/anoaa eee oaeie eioa?aae
eiee/ eciaiaiee, a i?aaeaeao eioi?iai nio?aiyaony ea/noaaiiay
ii?aaeaeaiiinoue i?aaeiaoa. Nea/ie – ia?aoiae eiee/anoaaiiiai eciaiaiey
a ea/anoaaiiia eee iaeiiai ea/anoaa a ae?oaia (i?e i?aauoaiee ia?u).

Aua a ae?aaiinoe auei caia/aii, /oi iinoaiaiiia auiuaaiea aa?aaia,
i?eaiaeeo e nouanoaaiiiio eciaiaieth eaiaeoaooa.

Eiee/anoai – onoie/eaay niaieoiiinoue naienoa i?aaeiaoia. Naienoaa
auaatho nouanoaaiiua e ianouanoaaiiua. Iaeioi?ua naienoaa iiaoo
i?iyaeyoueny oieueei a nayce n ae?. iauaeoaie. Ea/anoai iineo
noauaeoeaiue oa?aeoa?. Eiee: ia?ae/iua e aoi?e/iua ea/anoaa.

Eiee/anoai – oa?aeoa?enoeea yaeaiee, i?aaeiaoia, i?ioeannia ii noaiaie
?acaeoey eee eioaineaiinoe i?enoueo ei naienoa. Au?aaeaaony a aaee/eiao
e /eneao. “Ea/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey iiaoo i?ienoiaeeoue eeoue iooai
eiee/anoaaiiiai i?eaaaeaiey, eeai eiee/anoaaiiiai oaaaeaiey iaoa?ee…”
(Yiaaeuen). Eiee/anoai + ea/anoai = ia?a.

41. Oiaeaeanoai, ?acee/ea, i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue, i?ioeai?a/ea. Aaeeinoai
e ai?ueaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae eae au?aaeaiea aioo?aiiaai iaoaiecia
?acaeoey.

Aaaaeue. A ae?aaiinoe i?ioeai?a/ey n/eoaeenue cai?auaiiuie. Naaiaeiy *
aei?in /oiau ni?aaeony n yoie i?iaeaiie. Iniiaiie eino?oiaio aeeaeaoeee
– i?ioeai?a/ea. Iaia?oaeaiea aioeiiiee (i?ioeai?a/ee) e eo ?ac?aoaiea –
oa?aeoa?iay /a?oa aeeaeaeoe/aneiai iuoeaiey. Ei?ioneoey?ii aieiiaie
aeoaeeci. Aioeiiiey (i?ioeai?a/ea) – aeaeaaoaeue i?ia?anna. Iethn e
ieion acaeiii eneeth/atho e aeiiieiytho ae?oa ae?oaa. Iicaiea aaeeinoaa
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae – naiue yooaeoeaiue niinia iiciaiey.

42. Iiiyoea io?eoeaiey. Io?eoeaiea io?eoeaiey eae oa?aeoa?enoeea
iai?aaeaiiinoe iniiaiuo oac ?acaeoey.

Aaaaeue – iiaeaeue ?acaeoey aac oo?aou aeinoeaiooiai. Io?eoeaiea
iiiaie?aoii iiaoi?yaony a ethaii i?ioeanna, aaea eiaao ianoi niaia oac,
i?aeiaeia, yoaiia. (Ia?en) – “Ia iiaeao i?ieniaeeoue ?acaeoey, ia
io?eoeathuaai naieo i?aaeieo oi?i”. – iaoaoece/aneia io?eoeaiea.
Aeeaeaeoe/aneia io?eoeaiea: 1) aeano?oeoeey; 2) eoioeyoeey (/anoe/iia
nio?aiaiea i?aaeuae. ea/anoa); 3) eiino?oeoeey. Ia?ano?ieea – i?eia?
o?eaaeeiiai ?acaeoey.

Aiaeia “io?eoeaiey io?eoeaiey” – nie?aeaaeaeiue i?ioeann (iinoiyiiia
ia?ooaiea ?aaiiaaney, ii ec – ca a?iaeaeaiiie anneiao?ee –
iinooiaoaeueiue i?oeann e eaaeaeue iiaue aeoie i?ienoiaeeo ia
ea/anoaaiii iiaii o?iaia).

43. Iaoiaeieiae/aneia cia/aiea e ya?enoe/aneay ooieoeey caeiiia e
eaoaai?ee aeeaeaeoeee.

A iiea aieiaiey aeeaeaeoeee ecaeaaia iiiaee oieaa?naeueiua nayce,
i?iiecuaathuea ana auoea. Oae, iaeiie ec oeaio?aeueiuo i?iaeai aioe/iie
oeeinioee, a ?aciuoeaieyo iaae eioi?ie oi?ie?iaaeinue aeeaeaeoe/aneia
enneonoai, auea i?iaeaia «aaeeie/iiai e iiiaiai». A aaeao iia
i?eia?aoaea ana iiaua iaee/uey: naycue aaeeiiai e iauaai, /anoe e
oeaeiai, eiaa?eaioiiai e aa?uee?oaiiai e o ae. Oaeea oieaa?naeueiua
nayce auoey noaee aaaeiui i?aaeiaoii aeeaeaeoeee. Oi?iie iiciaiey
iiciaiey neiaeiuo, aeaeeo, i?ioeai?a/eauo, oieaa?naeueiuo naycae auoey
neoaeao eaoaai?ee aeeaeaeoeee. Eaoaai?eaeueiua nayce iinoaiaiii
iniuneeaaeenue eae aeeaeaeoe/aneea caeiiiia?iinoe. Eaoaai?ee
aeeaeaeoeee. Aeey aeeaeaeoeee oa?aeoa?ii oi?ie?iaaiea ia?iuo eaoaai?ee,
io?aaeathueo «iiey?iua» noi?iiu oeaeinoiuo yaeaiee, i?ioeannia.
Aeeaeaeoe/aneee oa?aeoa? ioiioaiee «i?e/eia – neaaenoaea», «neo/aeiinoue
– iaiaoiaeeiinoue», «aiciiaeiinoue – aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue» e ae?oaeo
au?aaeaaony a i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo, ii ia?ac?uaii naycaiiuo iiiyoeyo, eo
aaeeinoaa, ia?aoiaeao ae?oa a ae?oaa, acaeiiaeaenoaee.

44. I?aeoeea eae niaoeeoe/aneee /aeiaa/aneee niinia ioiioaiey e ie?o.
?acee/iia iiieiaiea a oeeinioee nouiinoe e ?iee i?aeoeee.

A aeiIa?eniaie oeeinioee:aeaa aeueoa?iaoeaiuo iiaeoiaea 1) i?eciaiea
ia?aie/aiiie aeeth/aiiinoe /aeiaaea a iaoa?eaeueiue ie? eneeth/aei aai
iiieiaiea eae aeayoaeueiiai, aeoeaiiai nouanoaa. 2) Oai, aaea yoa
aeayoaeueiay nouiinoue /ae-ea i?eciaaaeanue, iia io?uaaeanue io
iaoa?eaeueiiai ie?a e ?anniao?eaaeanue eae au?aaeaiea
naa?oiaoa?eaeueiiai aeooiaiiai ia/aea.

Ia?en: Aeaaiue iaaeinoaoie anaai i?aaeoanoaothuaai iaoa?eaeecia
caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi i?aaeiao, aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, /oanoaaiiinoue
aa?aony oieueei a oi?ia iauaeoa, eee a oi?ia nica?oeaiey, a ia eae
/aeiaa/aneay /oanoaaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue, i?aeoeea, ia noauaeoeaii.

45. I?aeoeea eae iniiaa anao oi?i iauanoaaiiie aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe
/aeiaaea. No?oeoo?a i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe e aa iniiaiua oi?iu.

I – oai?aiea *. I?aeoe/aneay aeayo. – iniiaa ethaiai I. O?oae – i?iaeoeo
niciaiey *, iaoa?eaeecaoeey aai aeooiaiinoe (iaoeiu ia iaeaaeatho
aeooiaiinoueth). Ethaath aauue – i?iaeoeo eieaeoeaiiai o?oaea e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai (aeeaeaeoeea). *. – neeaaaony n iauanoaii
(niaoeeaeecaoeey). Ii * ia ?anoai?yaony a I., oioy I no?aieony yoi
naeaeaoue. I. aicaeaenoaoao ia * /a?ac nenoaio ainieoaiey. Anee I e *
aeeaoo ia a aa?iiiee – nea/ie.

?acoeueoaoii o?oaea yaeythony: ia?ae/iua e aoi?e/iua i?iaeoeou,
n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa, aeooiaiia i?iecaiaenoai.

O?oae oanii naycai n eoeueoo?iie aeeciueth *, iaoeeiiaeuei.
iniaaiiinoyie.

Oeaeue ?acaeoey o?oaeiauo ioiioaiee – ?acaeoea i?ieca. ioiioaiee. Anee
oeaeue – oaeiaeaoai?aiea iio?aaiinoae – e?ecen.

46. Oaoieea e oaoie/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue eae iaeia ec oi?i i?aeoeee.

Aaaeiaeoay oi?ia i?aeoeee – i?ieca. iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa.

Oaoieea eiaao aeaienoaaiiue niune: 1)niaieoiiinoue ono?ienoa, nicaeaiiuo
*, niaieoiiinoue eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee. (a iineaaeiai niunea –
oaoieea e n?aaenoai i?ieca. e aai eiia/iue i?aeoeo); 2) oaai? iaaueia,
oiaiee. * ana aieoa naieo ooieoeee aeiaa?yao oaoieea. Ia?aa e aoi?ay
i?e?iaeu. Oaoie/. aeayoaeueiinoue aeeyao ia ana noi?iiu aeecie *.

“Oaoiie?aoe/aneee aeaoa?iaieci” – oaoieea e oaoiieiaey – ?aoathuee
oaeoi? ?acaeoey *. Any aeanoue o a?oiiu oao. eioaeeeaaioeee.

“Aioeoaoieoeeci” – oaoieea – ceie aeaiii.

Oaoieea oanii naycaia n eoeueoo?ie, I., eioi?ua /anoi ii?aaeaeytho
iai?aaeaiea aeaeaeaiey oaoie/aneie iunee.

Iaaaoeaiua iineaaenoaey i?aeoeee *.

47. I?iaeaia niciaiey a oeeinioee e anoanoaiciaiee. nouiinoue niciaiey e
aai ?ieue a /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. I?e?iaea eaeaaeueiiai.

Ii?aaeaeaiea ?iee e ianoa * a aeecie – ie?iaicc?. i?iaeaiu. Aii?in
ioiioaiey niciaiey e auoeth – iaeei ec iniiaiuo aii?inia O. Aeey
iaoa?eaeenoe/. iiaeoiaea oaeaea iaiaoiaeeia /oiau * niciaaae /oi ii
aeaeaao => niciaiea – naienoai aunieii?aaieciaaiiie iaoa?ee.

Niciaiea – iauanoaaiiue i?iaeoeo. Naiiniciaiea.

Iin?aaenoaii io?aaeaiey aeeaia nouanoai iieo/aao ia?ac, yaeythueeny
io?aaeaieai naienoa, naycae e ioiioaiee aiaoiaai ie?a. Ia?ac oaeoe/anee
yaeyaony ciaieai. Eaeaaeueiia ciaiea – noauaeoeaiia, io?aaeathuaa
iauaeoeaioth ?aaeueiinoue n iaeaieueoae noaiaiueth aeinoiaa?iinoe.

Ia nouanoaoao eaeaaeueiie noanoaioeee eee eaeaaeueiie eaeae.

* ioee/aaony io aeeaioiiai oai, /oi iaeaaeaao iiuoii i?aeoe/anei
i?aia?aciaaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Ia?acu I. acaeiiaeaenoaey –
ioia?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe a i?oeanna iauaiey ethaeae. Niciaiea
i?aaeuae. aaeia ia?aaeaaony iin?aaenoaii ia?acia eoeueoo?u. Oi?ie?iaaiea
e cae?aieaiea i?ia?aiiu niaianoiuo aeaenoaee a * – aeaeaaoaeue i?ia?anna
(oieueei aeaeay aaeeiia oeaeia iiaeii ?acaeaaoueny).

Niciaiea eiie?aoiiai * – caoeene?iaaiiia ioiioaiea e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

48. Aaiacen niciaiey. I?e?iaea io?aaeaiey e aai ?acaeoea eae
aaiaoe/aneay i?aaeiinueea niciaiey. Io?aaeaiea, eioi?iaoeey, oi?aaeaiea.

Io?aaeaiea aicieeei i?e iiiuoea iauynieoue nooue niciaiey e aai
ioiioaiey e auoeth, iaoa?ee. Yiaaeue aeoeaioe?iaae aieiaiea ia eo oaniie
acaeiinayce. Eaiei – “any iaoa?ey iaeaaeaao naienoaii, ?iaenoaaiiui
iuouaieth – naienoaii io?aaeaiey”. Ethaie iauaeo, i?ioeann i?e
acaeiiaeaenoaee io?aaeaao /anoue naay ia ae?. iauaeoa. Iaiiiyoii eae
iiaeao iaeei iaoa?. iauaeo io?aaeaoueny ia ae?oaii a oi a?aiy eiaaea
aoi?ie ia ia?aue acaeyae ia iiaeao iuouaoue – iao/iay i?iaeaia.

Iauaeoeaiia ioia?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe – iaeaieaa neiaeiue
i?ioeann.

Eioi?iaoeeiiiia io?aaeaiea – oaeia io?aaeaiea i?e eioi?ii aeoeaii
eniieuecothony ?acoeueoaou aiaoiaai aicaeaenoaey. Oaeia ioia?aaeaiea
aiciiaeii oieueei anee nenoaia niiniaia ?aaoee?iaaoue naia naay.
(eaiaiue e oeaaoie ii ?aciiio ?aaae?otho ia niei/iue naao).

Io?aaeaiea aeey aeeaie i?e?iaeu – ?acae?aaeeiinoue. Aeey aeeaioiiai ie?a
– /onoaeoaeueiinoue. Ineoe/aneia io?aaeaiea aicieeaao i?e iaaeinoaoea
eioi?iaoeee aeey iaeiicia/iie ?aaeoeee (?aoaiea iiaeao auoue caiiiiaii
ia aoaeouaa).

Aeeaeaeoe/aneee ioiioaiey iaaeaeo aiaoiei ie?ii e aioo?aiieie
onoaiiaeaie.

Noauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue – eaeaaeueia. Ia nouanoaoao eaeaaeueiie
noanoaioeee eee eaeaaeueiie eaeae.

49. Aicieeiiaaiea e ?acaeoea /aeiaa/aneiai niciaiey, aai nioeeaeueiay
i?e?iaea. Niciaiea e ycue.

ni 47.

?acee/atho niciaiey: aeooiaiia, i?aanoaaiiia, oai?aoe/aneia,
?aeeaeiciia, iieeoe/aneia, …

Iniciaiea i?iyaeyaony a i?aeoe/. aeayoaeueiinoe *. Oanii naycaii n I
(ciaiea ia?aaeaaony a aeaea ia?acia io iieaeaiey e iieaeaieth).
Io?aaeaiea, oeenaoeey onoaiiaie a niciaiee – iaiaoiaeeiia oneiaea
aini?iecaiaenoaa niiniaia niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Nioe. niciaiea –
niinia acaeyiooue ia i?iaeaio ecaia. A nia?aiaiiii ie?a iiieiaiea
iauanoaaiiiai niciaiey – caeia auaeeaaiey.

Aa?aaeueiia iauaiea – iniiaiie yeaiaio io?aaeaiey nioe. niciaiey
(eioi?iaoeee). Oaeaea nouanoaotho ae?oaea ciaeiaua ycuee. Oaniay naycue
n eoeueoo?ie eiaeeaeaea.

Aeeaeaeoeea eieeaeoeaiiai e noauaeoeaiiai niciaiey.

50. Iiciaiea eae aeoeaiia io?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Noauaeo e
iauaeo iiciaiey.

ni 48.

Aaeaeaaoiia ioia?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe – nooue iiciaaaoaeueiiai
i?ioeanna. Iaoa?eaeano. iiaeoiae aiai?eo, /oi oaeia iiciaiea
aiciiaeii.Ciaiea iiciathuaai noauaeoa – eaeaaeueii. Ciaiea iinoaiaiii
ia?aoiaeeo a aeooiaioth noa?o (iao/ii – oai?aoe/. aeayoaeueiinoue).

Noauaeo iiciaiey – *. Iauaeo iiciaiey – ana oi?iu iaoa?ee e oi?iu aa
acaeiiaeaenoaey.

Ia ia/aeueiuo yoaiao ?acaeoey * iiciaiea naycaii n i?aeoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoueth. Iinoaiaiii iiyaeeenue ciaiey naycaiiua n
i?aaeneacaieie, oai?aoe/aneea, … . Ciaiea – aunoay oi?ia ioia?aaeaiey
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

51. No?oeoo?a ciaiey. *oanoaaiiia e ?aoeeiiaeueiia iiciaiea.

1) Ciaiey eae nenoaia (I?aaeea, iieacuaathuea, eae ia iniiaa aeaiiuo
ciaiee inouanoaeoue oo eee eioth aeayoaeueiinoue iacuaathony i?aaeeaie.
Ciaiey, oaeei ia?acii, aeeth/aiu a nenoaio aeayoaeueiinoe) 2) ciaiea eae
io?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe 3) *oanoaaiiia iiciaiea (aeey iiciaiey
iauaeoia aeaiiiai oeia iaiaoiaeeii ooieoeeiie?iaaiea i?aaiia /oano,
ia?aiie nenoaiu, iicaa, aeaaiaea?y /aio aicieeaao iuouaiea, aini?eyoea
iaoa?eaeueiuo iauaeoia – oaeay oi?ia aeayo-oe – /oanoa iici-a ii
ia?en-eaieine aiinaieiaee).

52. I?iaeaia enoeiu e oeeinioee a iaoea.

Oeeinioey e iaoea. Ethaay iiaay eaeay, /oiau noaoue eeai iinooeaoii
ea?oeiu ie?a, eeai i?eioeeiii, au?aaeathuei iiaue eaeaae e ii?iaoea
iao/iiai iiciaiey, aeieaeia ia?aeoe /a?ac i?ioeaaeo?o oeeinioneiai
iainiiaaiey. (i?ea? – eiaaea Oa?aaeae ioe?ue yeaeo?e/aneea e iaaieoiua
neeiaua eeiee… ->aaae i?aaenoaaeaiea i iaoa?eaeueiinoe iieae – iniaue
aeae iaoa?ee).

53. Iao/iia iiciaiea e aai niaoeeoe/aneea i?eciaee. Iao/iia e iauaeaiiia
iiciaiea. E?eoa?ee iao/iinoe.

A no?oeoo?a iao/iiai ciaiey auaeaeytho o?iaie ciaiey – yiie?e/aneee e
oai?aoe/aneee. Ei niioa-tho aeaa aeaea iiciaaaoaeueiie aeayo-oe –
yiie?e/aneia e oai?aoe/aneia enneaaeiaaiea. Yiie?e/aneia – aeaa
iiaeo?iaiy iaaethaeaiey e yiie?e/aneea oaeou. Ia?aoiae iaaethaeaiey ->
yiie?e/aneea oaeou i?aaeiieaaaao 1) ?aoeeiiaeueioth ia?aaioeo aeaiiuo
iaaethaeaiey 2) iiene a ieo onoie/eaiai eiaa?eaioiiai niaea?aeaiey.

Iaoea eiaao aeaei n iniaui iaai?ii iaueoia, ia naiaeeiuo e iauaeoai
iauaeaiiiai iiuoa. Iniaaiiinoyie iauaeoia iao/iiai enneaaeiaaiey iiaeii
iauynieoue iniiaiua iniaaiiinoe iao/iuo ciaiee eae i?iaeoeoa iao/iie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Eo aeinoiaa?iinoue oaea ia iiaeao auoue iainiiaaia
oieueei eo i?eiaiaieai a i?iecaiaenoaa e iauaeaiiii iiuoa. Iaoea
oi?ie?oao niaoeeoe/ niiniau iainiiaaiey enoeiu ciaiey:
yenia?eiaioaeueiue eiio?ieue ca iieo/aaiui ciaieai.

54. Yiie?e/aneee e oai?aoe/aneee o?iaie ciaiey.

Yiie?e/aneee: iaaethaeaiey, yiie?e/aneea oaeou. Ia?aoiae iaaethaeaiey ->
yiie?e/aneea oaeou i?aaeiieaaaao 1) ?aoeeiiaeueioth ia?aaioeo aeaiiuo
iaaethaeaiey 2) iiene a ieo onoie/eaiai eiaa?eaioiiai niaea?aeaiey.
I?aaiecaoeey oai?aoe/aneiai o?iaiy ciaiee. 1) /anoiua oai?aoe/aneea
iiaeaee e caeiiu. 2) ?acaeoay oai?ey. No?ieony iaeioi?ay iaiauaiiay
iiaeaeue, eioi?ay ioaaouaaao ana /anoiua neo/ae.

55. Iiiyoea iaoiaea e iaoiaeieiaee.

Niciaoaeueiay oeaeaiai?aaeaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue ii oi?ie?iaaieth e
?acaeoeth ciaiey ?aaoee?oaony ii?iaie e i?aaeeaie, ?oeiaiaenoaoaony
ii?aaeaeaiiuie iaoiaeaie e i?eaiaie. Auyaeaiea e ?ac?aaioea oaeeo ii?i,
i?aaee, iaoiaeia e i?eaiia, eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeytho niaie ia /oi eiia,
eae aiia?ao niciaoaeueiiai eiio?iey, ?aaoee?iaaiey aeayoaeueiinoe ii ii
oi?ie?iaaieth e ?acaeoeth iao/iiai ciaiey, ninoaaeyao i?aaeiao eiaeee e
iaoiaeieiaee iao/iiai ciaiey.

56. Iaoiaeu yiie?e/aneiai iiciaiey.

1) Iaaethaeaiea e iienaiea iaaethaeaaiiai 2) Ecia?aiea 3) N?aaiaiea 4)
Yenia?eiaio

57. Iaoiaeu oai?aoe/aneiai iiciaiey.

1) Oi?iaeecaoeey (iino?iaiea aano?aeoii-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae,
?ane?uaathueo nouiinoue eco/aaiuo i?ioeannia) 2) Aeneiiaoe/aneee iaoiae
(i?e aeneiiaoe/ iino?iaiee oai?aoe/ ciaiey nia/aea caaeaaony iaai?
enoiaeiuo iieiaeaiee, ia o?aaothueo aeieacaoaeuenoaa) 3) Aeiioaoeei –
aeaaeoeoeaiia ?acaa?ouaaiea oai?ee (nia/aea nicaeaaony aeiioe/aneay
eiino?oeoeey, eioi?ay aeaaeoeoeaii ?acaa?ouaaaony, ia?acoy oeaeoth
nenoaio aeiioac, a caoai yoa nenoaia iiaeaa?aaaony iiuoiie i?iaa?ea aeey
ooi/iaiey e eiie?aoecaoeee) 4) iaoiae ainoiaeaeaiey io aano?aeoiiai e
eiie?aoiiio (aia/aea iaoiaeeony aeaaiay naycue (ioiioaiea) eco/aaiiai
iauaeoa, a caoai, oaa ca oaaii i?ineaaeeaaaony, eae iia aeaeieciaiyaony
a ?acee/iuo oneiaeyo, ioe?uaaao iiaua nayce, onoaiaaeeaaao eo
acaeiiaeaenoaey e oaee iooai ioia?aaeaao ai anae iieiioa nouiinoue
eco/aaiiai iauaeoa)

58. Aeiioaca e oai?ey.

Aeiioaoeei – aeaaeoeoeaiia ?acaa?ouaaiea – no?ieony aea?aai aaiioac
neiaeiie i?iaeaiu, eioi?ia caoai iiaeaa?aaaony iiuoiie i?iaa?ea.

Oai?ey aeieaeia auoue iai?ioeai?a/eaie e iniiauaaoueny ia
aeneiiaoeea.Oeaeue oai?ee – oeaeinoiay ea?oeia. Oaa?ee iaiaoiaeeii
eniiuecotho aano?aae?iaaiea.

59. Iniaaiiinoe nioeeaeueiiai iiciaiey.

ni 49. Nioeeaeueiay i?e?iaea /aeiaa/aneiai niciaiey.

60. Iauaeoeaiay enoeia. Aeeaeaeoeea aaniethoiie e ioiineoaeueiie enoeiu.

Enoeiiinoue – niioaaonoaea ciaiey iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueiinoe.

Iauaeoeaiay enoeia ia caaeneo ie io * ie io /aeiaa/anoaa (Eaiei), ii
iiaeao iaiyoueny ai a?aiaie. Iaiaoiaeei yoaeii. Iauaeoeaiia e
noauaeoeaiia ciaiea = TH oaeea aea enoeiu. Ieaoii (a eaeayo), Aeaea?o (a
aauao), Aian (enoeia aei/ue ?acoia), Eaio (iniiaa aai O). Aeeaeaoe/.
iiaeoiae – “Io aeeaiai nica?oeaiey e aano?aeoiiio iuoeaieth e io iaai e
i?aeoeea …” (Eaiei). Enoeia aeieaeia auoue i?iaa?aia i?aeoeeie.

Aaioeaio?e/aneay nenoaia -> aaeei oeaio?e/aneay -> aaeaeoe/aneay.
Eaaeaeay ioiineo. enoeia i?eaeeaeaao ian e aaniethoiie. Aaniethoiay
enoaia – i?aaeae, e eioi?iio iaiaoiaeeii no?aieoueny. Ioiineo. e
aaniethoi. enoeiu – ?aciua oi?iu iauaoeaiie enoeiu. Aeiaiu e ae?.
enoi?e/. – nioe. oneiaey iiaoo eneaaeaoue enoeio (ycue, iaa?aaeiinoue a
ii?aaeaeaieyo).

Ioiineoaeueiay enoeia – oi?ia au?aaeaiey iauaeoeaiie enoeiu, caaenyuae
io eiie?aoiuo enoi?e/aneeo oneiaee, oa?aeoa?ecothuoth noaiaiue aa
oi/iinoe, no?iainoe e iieiiou, eioi?ay aeinoeaiooa aa aeaiiii o?iaia
iiciaiey.

Aaniethoiay enoeia – niaa?oaiii iieiia, oi/iia, ananoi?iiia,
en/a?iuaathuaa ciaiea i eaeii-eeai yaeaiee.

61. I?e?iaea e iauanoai.

Eo iaeuecy ?anniao?eaaoue iiioaeaeueiinoe. * – iniiaa I. e i?e?iaeiia
nouanoai. Aai eioa?anu e aiciiaeiinoe ii?aaeaeytho I aeeciue. I?e?iaeiua
oaeoi?u oaeaea aeeytho ia I, a I ia I. ?acee/atho ia?aoth e aoi?oth
i?e?iaeo.

Iaoa?eaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai – i?iecaiaenoai e aini?iecaiaenoai anao
eiiiaiaioia aeecie I, ca n/ao iaoa?eaea I, a oaeaea aini?iecaiaenoaa
naiiai *.

I aeeyao e ia iieeoe/aneoth aeeciue I. (aeaiia?aoey, caei?iauea
i?aceaeaioa, …). Neea ?innee a i?e?iaeiii oaeoi?a, aa
iiiaiiaoeeiiaeueiinoe.

62. Yeieiae/aneay i?iaeaia, aa iao/iua, nioeeaeueii-oeeinioneea e
yoeei-aoiaienoe/aneea aniaeou.

ni 71.

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63. Nioeeaeueiay oi?ia aeaeaeaiey iaoa?ee e aa ioee/ea io i?ioeannia
aeeaie e iaaeeaie i?e?iaeu.

64. Nouiinoue aeeaeaeoeei-iaoa?eaeenoe/aneiai iiaeoiaea e iauanoao e aai
enoi?ee. Iaoa?eaeueiia e eaeaaeueiia iauanoai. ?ieue noauaeoeaiiai
oaeoi?a a enoi?ee.

Eaaeaeue noauaeo aeieaeai iiieiaoue enoi?eth: 1) a?oeaioth; 2)
e?eoe/aneoth; 3) niceaeaoaeueioth. ?ieue I – ianoue ca aa?ai?noai *.

Iaeaieaa iauii * iienuaaao iaioaeeoao (eae iaoeeiiaeueiua oae e
noauaeoeaiua oaeoi?u).

65. Niaoeeoeea nioeeaeueiiai aeaoa?ieiecia. Ioee/ea nioeeaeueiuo caeiiia
io caeiiia i?e?iaeu.

Aea?aoieieci – i?ioeaiiieiaeiua oeeinioneea eiioeaioeee ii aii?ino i
ianoa e ?iee i?e/eiiinoe. Ae – o/aiea i anaiauae, caeiiiia?iie nayce,
i?e/eiiie iaoneiaeaiiinoe anao yaeaiee.

66. I?iaeaia aeieiae/aneiai e nioeeaeueiiai a /aeiaaea. E?eoeea
aeieiaecaoi?neeo e nioeeieiaecaoi?neeo o?aeoiaie /aeiaaea.

???

67. I?iaeaiu aeecie e nia?oe a aeooiaiii iiuoa /aeiaaea. AEeciue eae
oeaiiinoue.

AEeciue – nia?oue: iia?aie/iay neooaoeey. * – I. yaeaiea => niune aeecie
a neoaeaiee I. *oi * inoaaeo iinea naay ? Nouanoaoao aeieiae/aneia a?aiy
e aeooiaiia. * iiaeao aeieai aeeoue iinea nia?oe oaea. I?aai ia nia?oue
ia oieueei ee/iue auai? – aaaeue nouanoaotho naiuey, … Oiiiyiooue i
eaieeaaeca e ?onni.

68. *aeiaae e /aeiaa/anoai. Aeiaaeueiua i?iaeaiu auaeeaaiey
/aeiaa/anoaa.

Eaaeaeue noauaeo aeieaeai iiieiaoue enoi?eth: 1) a?oeaioth; 2)
e?eoe/aneoth; 3) niceaeaoaeueioth. ?ieue I – ianoue ca aa?ai?noai *.

Iaeaieaa iauii * iienuaaao iaioaeeoao (eae iaoeeiiaeueiua oae e
noauaeoeaiua oaeoi?u). Iaaeiioeaiea enoi?/. iiuoa – e?ecen.

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69. Iiiyoea iaoee. Nioeeaeueiua ooieoeee iaoee.

1) eoeueoo?ii-ie?iaicc?ai/aneay 2) iaoea eae iaiin?aaenoaaiiay
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiay neea 3) ooieoeey eae nioeeaeueiie neeu

70. Iniiaaiey iaoee. Aeeaeaeoeea iiuoa e oai?ee.

???

71. Iaoea e i?aanoaaiiinoue. Yoeea iaoee.

Iaua/aeiaa/. oeaiiinoe oae aea i?eiaieiu a iaoea. Aanei?unoea o/aiiai,
aai caeioa?aniaaiiinoue, ionoaeaaiea enoeiu. “Ieaoii iia ae?oa, ii
enoeia aei?iaea” (A?enoioaeue). Iaoea i?aaeiieaaaao iainiiaaiiinoue
noaeaeaiee => iie aieaa oeaiiu, /ai auoiaua. I?eciaiea eieeaa – aunoay
iaa?aaea aeey o/aiiai. Ianiaethaeaiea yoe/aneeo ii?i – /a?aaaoi.
I?aanoaaiiinoue i?iiecuaaao ana noi?iiu aeayoaeueiinoe o/aiiai.
Ii?aaeaeaiey aeieaeiu auoue oi/iu (Eaiei).

Nie?ao “*aeiaae aeia?, a cei oai?eo ii iaaaaeaieth”. Aaiiay eiaeaia?ey.

Noeeaioeci – iao/ii – oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann – aaniethoiay nioeeaeueiay
oeaiiinoue- i?aaeae ?acaeoey. Aeeaeaeoeea niceaeaoaeueiiai e
?ac?ooeoaeueiiai a iaoea.

72. Iauanoai eae naii?acaeaathuayny nenoaia. Iiiyoea iauanoaaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa.

Iaoa?eaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai – i?iecaiaenoai e aini?iecaiaenoai anao
eiiiaiaioia aeecie I, ca n/ao iaoa?eaea I, a oaeaea aini?iecaiaenoaa
naiiai *.

73. Niinia i?iecaiaenoaa eae iaoa?eaeueiay iniiaa oeaeinoiinoe iauanoaa,
aai eiie?aoiienoi?e/aneie ii?aaeaeaiiinoe.

No?oeoo?a niiniaa i?iecaiaenoaa:

1) i?iecaiaeeoaeueiua neeu (i?aaeiao o?oaea, i?oaeea o?oaea);

2) i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ioiioaiey (yeiiiie/aneea e i?iecaiaenoaaiii –
oaoie/aneea ioiioaiey).

Aacen – niaieoiiinoue 1 + 2. Iaaeno?ieea – oai?ee, eiioeaioeee,
o/a?aaeaeaiey, iaoa?eaeecothuea 1 e 2.

Iaoa?eaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai oa?aeoa?ecoao oi /oi i?iecaiaeeony. Niinia
i?ieca. – eae i?iecaiaeeony. Yiioe ?acee/athony niiniaii i?iecaiaenoaa.

74. Aeeaeaeoeea ?acaeoey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
ioiioaiee.

???

75. Nioeeaeueiay ?aaiethoeey e aa ?ieue a ?acaeoee iauanoaa.

Nioe. ?aaiethoeey – ea/anoaaiiia eciaiaiea a I. ioiioaieyo , ai anae eo
nenoaia. Yoi caeiiiia?iua yaeaiey a I. aeecie. Niinia niaiu I.
oi?iaoeee. A iniiaiii – yoi iieeoe/aneay ?aaiethoeey. Eeann – iniiaiay
aeaeae. neea ?aaiethoeee. Ianeeea – auioaeaeaiiay ia?a. Aeeaeaoe/aneia
io?eoeaiea noa?iai. Oanii naycaia n eoeueoo?iuie o?aaeeoeeyie.

76. Iauanoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneay oi?iaoeey. Aeeaeaeoeea aacena e
iaaeno?ieee.

Iau – yeii oi?iaoeey – enoi?e/aneee oei iauanoaa, iniiauaathueeny ia
ii?aaeaeaiiii niiniaa i?iecaiaenoaa e aunooiathuee eae nooiaiue
i?ia?anneaiiai ?acaeoey /aeiaa/anoaa io ia?aiauoii-iaueiiiai no?iy /a?ac
?aaiaeaaeaeue/aneee no?ie, oaiaeaeeci e eaieoaeeci e eiiioienoe/aneie
oi?iaoeee. Iau – yeii oi?iaoeey aia?aua au?aaioaia iaeneciii e
ninoaaeyao e?aaoaieueiue eaiaiue iaoa?eaeenoe/aneiai iiieiaiey enoi?ee.
Iii iicaieyao 1) ioee/eoue iaeei ia?eiae enoi?ee io ae? 2) ane?uoue
iauea e nouanoaaiiua /a?ou ?aciuo no?ai 3) iicaeyao ?anniio?aoue
/aeiaa/aneia iauanoai a eaaeaeue ia?eiae aai ?acaeoey eae aaeeiue
nioeeaeueiue i?aaieci 4) iicaieyao naanoe no?aieaiey e aeaenoaey
ioaeaeueiuo ethaeae e aeaenoaeyi aieueoeo iann, eeannia, eioa?anu
eioi?uo ii?aaeaeythony eo ianoiia nenoaia iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee aeaiiie
oi?iaoeee.

Aacen e iaaeno?ieea – eaoaai?ee enoi?e/aneiai iaoa?eaeecia, au?aaioaiiua
aeey oa??aeoa?enoeee iniiaiuo no?oeoo?iuo yeaiaioia eaaeaeie
iauanoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneie oi?iaoeee. Eaiei: Aacen – yeiiiie/aneee neaeao
iauanoaaiiie oi?iaoeee, I – acaeiinaycaiiay nenoaia iauanoaaiiuo
yaeaiee, ii?iaeaeaiiuo yeiiiie/aneei A e aeoeaii aeeythueo ia iaai (I
ninoieo ec 1) niaieoiiinoue aeooiaiuo ia?aciaaiee (iuneae, /oanoa,
iano?iaiee) 2) niaieoiiinoue ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ethaeueie 3)
niaieoiiinoue o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee). ?aaiethoe ia?aoiae io iaeiie
oi?iaoeee e ae?oaie naycai i?aaeaea anaai n caiaiie iaeiiai A ae?oaei, a
niioaaonoaee n /ai aieaa eee iaiaa auno?i i?ienoiaeeo ia?aai?io ai anae
I.

77. ?acaeoea iauanoaa eae anoanoaaiiienoi?e/aneee i?ioeann niaiu
iauanoaaiii- yeiiiie/aneeo oi?iaoeee. Oi?iaoeey e ?aaeueiia iauanoai.

Enoi?ey I – i?iaeoeo niciaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae, a ioee/ee io
enoi?ee I. I – iauaeo, ia?aie/aiiue a i?ino?ainoaa e a?aiaie – iiea iao
iiiyoey, iao e iauaeoa eneaaeiaaiey.

Oi?iaoeey – enoi?e/aneea oi?iiia?aciaaiey – i?aaenoaaeytho niaie
i?aaie/aneoth oeaeinoiinoue, aeeth/athuoth a naay eae iaoa?eaeueiua oae
e aeooiaiua eiiiiiaiou. Niinia iao. i?ieca. – aaaeiaeoee, ii?aaeaeythu.
aa ooieoeeiie?iaaiea, eiiiiiaio. Niaia oi?iaoeee oa?aeoa?ecoao
enoi?e/aneee i?ioeann. (ia?aiauoiiiau., ?aaiae., oaiaeaeuei., eaieoae.).
Aeaeaa eiiioieci !.

Ia?en aeaeeo enoi?eth iaaeaia: i?aaeenoi?ey e enoeiiay enoi?ey
(/aeiaa/anoai naiaiaeii io i?iaeoeoia naiaai o?oaea). Oi?iaoeeii.
iiaeoiae e I. ?anniao?eaaao I. eae aaeeiia oeaeia.

Oeeaeeecaoeeiiiue iiaeoiae e I. iiyaeeny a 18aa (Aeaieeaaneee, Aoieeaa).
Ii oanii naycai n iiiyoeai eoeueoo?a. Oeeaeeeciaaiiia I – I, iniiaaiiia
ia iiiyoeyo ?acoia e ni?aaaaeeeainoe. Yoio iiaeoiae iniiaai ia
iiiaeanoaaiiinoe eoeueoo?ii – enoi?e/aneeo oeiia. Iaeiaei, oi, /oi
i?iecaiaeyo oeeaeeecaoeee – yaeyaony aeinoiyieai anaai /aeiaa/anoaa.
Oeeaeeecaoeey iaeiia?aiaiii /oaeaea e oeaiia aeey ae?. oeeaeeecaoeee.

Aeaeaeouay neea Oe. – oai?/aneay yeeoa, oaeaeathuay ca niaie eia?oiia
aieueoainoai.

Aoieeaa ?acaee oai?eth yoiinia. Yoiin ca?iaeaeaaony ec – ca iaaieueoie
ai?noee iaeooioai?aiiuo ethaeae. Caoai, eae e oeeaeeecaoeey, i?ioiaeeo
noaaeee: ca?iaeaeaiey, ?acaeoey, iaaeeii, ?aceiaeaiea.

78. Noauaeou e aeaeaeouea neeu enoi?e/aneiai i?ioeanna. Ia?iaeiua iannu,
eeannu, iaoeee, ee/iinoe.

Eeann – a?oiiu ethaeae, eioi?ua ioee/athony ?ieueth e ianoii a
neiaeeaoaeny nenoaia i?iecaiaenoaa, ioiioaieai e n?aaenoaai
i?iecaiaenoaa e aeieaaui o/anoeai a ?ani?aaeaeaiee aioia. oiaa?a.

Iaoeey – ooiaeaiaioaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea ain.

Yoiin – iauaaeeiyao aeeceea iaoeee. I?e/eia anao nioe. eaoaeeeciia-
iaoeeiiaeueiua ioiioaiey.

Eeannu ?acee/athony: ii ia?acaaaieth, eanoai, iieeoe/. iieiaeaieth.

Ia?oey – iauaaeeiyao aaaiaa?ae eeanna e ii?aaeaeyao aai eaeaieiaeth.

Nioe. ?aaiethoeey – eieiiioea a ?acaeoee iauanoaa – aunoay oi?ia
eeanniaie aiueau.

Oaeaea nouanoaotho i?ineieee – ?aeeaeiciua , … .

Nioe. i?ino?ainoai (aeeoiaia) – ana a?aiy ?anoe?yaony (ai ana noi?iiu).

Iau. ioiioaiey (ioiioaiey iaaeaeo noauaeoaie I.): 1) i?iecaiaenoaaiii –
yeiiiie/aneea; 2)eaeaieiae/aneea; 3)iieeoe/aneea.

79. Niioiioaiea iaiaoiaeeiinoe e niciaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae a
enoi?e/aneii i?ioeanna.

???

80. Niaea?aeaiea iiiyoee “eiaeeaeae”, “eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue” e
“ee/iinoue” a ia?enenoneie oeeinioee. Ee/iinoue e aa nioeeaeueiua ?iee a
iauanoaa.

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81. Nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea, anoanoaaiiiiao/iua e oai?aoe/aneea
i?aaeiinueee aicieeiiaaiey ia?enenoneie oeeinioee.

???

82. Aicieeiiaaiea e ?acaeoea aeeaeaeoeei-iaoa?eaeenoe/aneie oeeinioee.
?acaeoea oeeinioee E.Ia?enii e O.Yiaaeuenii.

Ia?en aaaeae ioi?aaiiinoue io ?aaeueiie aeecie (enoi?ee e nioe.
?aaeueiinoae) Aaaaeaaneie oai?ee (aue aa noi?iieeii). Iiiuoea nicaeaiey
O aeey yenieoaoe?oaiuo i?ieeoa?eaa.

Iniiaiua iiceoeee:

1) Io/oaeaeaiiue o?oae – ie i?aaeiao o?oaea, ie i?oaeey o?oaea, ie
?acoeueoao o?oaea i?ieeoa?eth ia i?eiaaeeaaeeo – iaii?yaeie.

2)O.e. ?aai/ee auioaeaeai ?aaioaoue (aeeciue canoaaeea) => o?oae
oieaeaao *. (ii naiaiaeai aia o?oaea)

3) }=> *. ioiineony e i?e?iaea a?aaeaeaaii, i?a?aaia ?iaeiaay naycue;

4) iiaeiaaieueiue o?oae ii?iaeaeaao io/oaeaeaiea iaaeaeo ethaeueie –
eiieo?aioeey. Eaieoaeenou oiaea io/oaeaeaiiua ethaee.

}=> eeeaeaeaoeey /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe. => iiyaeythony naiaiaeiua,
iaea?aiiua, aa?iiie/iua ethaee

I?aeoeea – iniiaa anaai. Ana iiciaaony /a?ac i?aeoeeo. O?oae
i?aia?aciauaaao I. e I. ioiioaiey.

Eeann – a?oiiu ethaeae, eioi?ua ioee/athony ?ieueth e ianoii a
neiaeeaoaeny nenoaia i?iecaiaenoaa, ioiioaieai e n?aaenoaai
i?iecaiaenoaa e aeieaaui o/anoeai a ?ani?aaeaeaiee aioia. oiaa?a.

O?iaaiue ?acaeoey i?iecaiaenoaa – iniiaiie e?eoa?ee iiciaiey I.

Ainoaea?noai aeieaeii oii?yaei/eaaoue – no?oeoo?o nianoaaiiinoe.

Ia?aie/aiea naiaiae *.: 1) ?acaeaeaiea o?oaea ia oece/aneee e
oinoaaiiue; 2) i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue e ii?aaeaeaiiiio eeanno 3)
eoeueoo?ieiae/aneee oaeoi?.

83. Iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey e /a?ou iaia?enenoneie oeeinioee OO aaea.

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84. Iniiaiua /a?ou oeeinioee iaiiiceoeaecia, aai ?aciiaeaeiinoe.

O/aiua, i?eiaiythuea O e nia?aiaiiui ?acaeaeai iaoee. => iaoaiaoecaoeey,
oi?iaeecaoeey O ciaiey. Iniiaiia aeinoeaeaiea naycue eiaeee n
eeaa?iaoeeie. Aa?iaiaaoeea – naiaioe/aneee aiaeec oaenoia.

21

85. I?iaeaia /aeiaaea a oeeinioee yecenoaioeeaeecia.

22

86. Iniiaiua /a?ou oeeinioee iaioiiecia.

20

87, Ao?aeoaciay oeeinioey enoi?ee. Oooo?ieiae/aneea iiaeaee iauanoaa
(oaoiie?aoe/aneea, oaoiioianeea, eioi?iaoeeiiiua).

“Oaoiie?aoe/aneee aeaoa?iaieci” – oaoieea e oaoiieiaey – ?aoathuee
oaeoi? ?acaeoey *. Any aeanoue o a?oiiu oao. eioaeeeaaioeee.

“Aioeoaoieoeeci” – oaoieea – ceie aeaiii.

23

88. Iniiaiua /a?ou e i?iaeaiu ?onneie oeeinioee O1O – ia/aea OO aaeia.

25

89. Aeeaeaeoeea enoi?e/aneie iaiaoiaeeiinoe e naiaiaeu a iauanoaaiiii
?acaeoee. Ananoi?iiiaa ?acaeoea ee/iinoe – aoiaienoe/aneee eaeaae
ia?enecia.

52

90. Nouiinoue iauanoaaiiiai i?ia?anna e aai e?eoa?ee. Enoi?e/aneea oeiu
i?ia?anna.

ni 77.

91. I?ioeai?a/eaue e oeaeinoiue oa?aeoa? nia?aiaiiiai ie?a. Niioiioaiea
iao/ii- oaoie/aneiai, nioeeaeueiiai e aeooiaiiai i?ia?anna a
nia?aiaiioth yiioo.

53

92. Aeiaaeueiua i?iaeaiu, /aeiaae e noaeueau /aeiaa/anoaa.

54

“Oaoiie?aoe/aneee aeaoa?iaieci” – oaoieea e oaoiieiaey – ?aoathuee
oaeoi? ?acaeoey *. Any aeanoue o a?oiiu oao. eioaeeeaaioeee.

“Aioeoaoieoeeci” – oaoieea – ceie aeaiii.

93. Aeeaeaeoeea iaua/aeiaa/aneiai e eeanniaiai. I?ei?eoaoiinoue
iaua/aeiaa/aneeo oeaiiinoae.

52

94. Aaeeinoai e iiiaiia?acea ie?iaie enoi?ee. Iauaeoeaiua i?aaeiinueee,
caeiiiia?iinoe e yoaiu oi?ie?iaaiey anaie?iie /aeiaa/aneie enoi?ee.

Eaaeaeue noauaeo aeieaeai iiieiaoue enoi?eth: 1) a?oeaioth; 2)
e?eoe/aneoth; 3) niceaeaoaeueioth. ?ieue I – ianoue ca aa?ai?noai *.

Iaeaieaa iauii * iienuaaao iaioaeeoao (eae iaoeeiiaeueiua oae e
noauaeoeaiua oaeoi?u). Iaaeiioeaiea enoi?/. iiuoa – e?ecen.

46

95. Oeeinioneia iiiyoea eoeueoo?u. Eoeueoo?a e oeeaeeecaoeey.

50

96. Iao/ii-oaoie/aneay ?aaiethoeey, aa nouiinoue e ia?niaeoeau.

53

97. Eaoaai?ee “iauanoaaiiia auoea” e “iauanoaaiiia niciaiea” e eo
iaoiaeieiae/aneay ?ieue.

Oi?iaoeeiiiue iiaeoiae aue au?aaioai ia iniiaa aiaeeca iauanoa. auoey.
“I. auoea” – iauaeoeaiay I. ?aaeueiinoue, nioe. iaoa?ey, io?aaeathuayny
a I. niciaiee. Iaoa?eaeanoe/. iiaeoiae e ii?aaeaeaieth yoeo iiiyoee
iicaieyao “nioe. aeaoa?ieieci”. Yoe iiiyoey iauaeoeaiu.

Eiiioienoe/. oai?ey i?iaeiieaaaea, /oi I. niciaiea ie?ueeo ethaeae.
Iaaeiioeaiea *. oaeoi?a. I. niciaiea – aeoeaii.

49

98. Iauanoaaiiia niciaiea e aai no?oeoo?a.

Ciaiey, iaeiieaiiua enoi?eae, iieeoe/aneea e i?aaiaua eaeae,
aeinoeaeaiey eneonnoaa, ii?aeue, ?aeeaey e iauanoaaiiay ineoieiaey
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie «Iauanoaaiiia niciaiea». O?iaiyie I N yaeythony
iauaeaiiia, yiie?e/aneia niciaiea, iaiin?aaenoaaiii au?anoathuaa ec
iianaaeiaaiuo oneiaee aeecie iann, ioaeaeueiuo nioeeaeueiuo a?oii
(Nioeeaeueiay ineoieiaey), e iao/ii – oai?aoe/aneia niciaiea,
aeeth/athuaa eaeaieiaeth. Oi?iu I N i?aaenoaaeytho niaie ?acee/iua
niiniau aeooiaiiai inaiaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe e aeeth/atho iieeoe/aneia
e i?aaiaia niciaiea, ii?aeue, ?aeeaeth, eneonnoai, iaoeo, oeeinioeth.

49

99. Iniiaiua ynoaoe/aneea eaoaai?ee: i?ae?aniia e aacia?aciia,
aicauoaiiia e ieciaiiia, o?aae/aneia e eiie/aneia.

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