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1)Enoi?e/aneia ?acaeoea aeeaeaeoe/aneiai iiieiaiey ie?a.

2)Caeiiu aeeaeaeoeee e eaoaai?ee.

1.Iinoiyiii ?acaeaathuayny ai?ueaa noa?iai e
iiaiai,i?ioeaiiieiaeiiai e i?ioeai?a/eaiai,aicieeathuaai e en/acathuaai
i?eaiaeeo ie? e iiaui no?oeoo?ai.

Naia yoa ai?ueaa iauaeoeaii i?aaeiieiaaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue
aeeaeaeoeee-iao/iie oai?ee

?acaeoey,iaoiaea iiciaiey i?e?iaeu,iauanoaa e iuoeaiey.

An?,/oi i?ienoiaeeo a ie?a,a eiaiii:eciaiaiea,aeaeaeaiea e
?acaeoea-iiae/eiyaony caeiiai aeeaeaeoeee.Aeeaeaeoeea eae iaoea
ninoaaeyao aeooo ia?enecia,i?aaenoaaeyao niaie no?ieioth nenoaio
yeiiiie/aneeo,nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneeo e oeeinioneeo acaeyaeia e
yaeyaony aanoeaiiui oai?aieai /aeiaa/aneiai ?acoia.

*oiau iiiyoue aeeaeaeoeeo,iaaei auynieoue iaeioi?ua enoiaeiua
iieiaeaiey.Aeeaeaeoeea

eae oa?iei eniieuecoaony a niunea io?aaeaiea anaiaueo caeiiia aeaeaeaiey
e ?acaeoey iauaeoeaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Aeeaeaeoeea eae iiiyoea oiio?aaeyaony a o??o cia/aieyo:

1)Iiae aeeeaeoeeie iiieiaaony niaieoiiinoue iauaeoeaiuo aeeaeaeoe/aneeo
caeiiiia?iinoae ,

i?ioeannia,aeaenoaothueo a ie?a iacaaeneii io niciaiey /aeiaaea.Yoi
aeeaeaeoeea i?e?iaeu,

aeeaeaeoeea iauanoaa,aeeaeaeoeea iuoeaiey,acyoay eae iauaeoeaiay noi?iia
iuneeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna.Yoi iauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue.

2)Noauaeoeaiay aeeaeaeoeea,aeeaeaeoe/aneia iuoeaiea.Iia i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie io?aaeaiea iauaeoeaiie aeeaeaeoeee a niciaiee.

3)Oeeinioneia o/aiea i aeeaeaeoeea eee oai?ey aeeaeaeoeee.Aunooiaao eae
io?aaeaiea io?aaeaiey.Iacuaaaony o/aieai i aeeaeaeoeea,oai?eae
aeeaeaeoeee.

Aeeaeaeoeea iiaeao auoue iaoa?eaeenoe/aneie e
eaeaaeenoe/aneie.Iu ?anniao?eaaai iaoa?eaeenoe/aneoth
aeeaeaeoeeo.Iaoa?eaeenoe/aneay aeeaeaeoeea i?aaenoaaeyaony a aeaea
oeaeinoiie nenoaiu,a eioi?ie eaaeaeue caeii,eaaeaeay eaoaai?ey caieiatho
no?iai ii?aaeae?i-

iia ianoi e iaoiaeyony ai acaeiinayce n ae?oaeie caeiiaie e
eaoaai?eyie.Ciaiea oaeie nenoaiu iicaieyao iaeaieaa iieii ?ane?uoue
niaea?aeaiea anaiaueo naienoa e naycae aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ,anaiaueo oi?i
auoey,aeeaeaeoe/aneeo caeiiiia?iinoae aeaeaeaiey e ?acaeoey.

Aeeaeaeoeea eae eaoaai?ey eiaao ?yae
oa?aeoa?enoee.Aeeaeaeoeea-iaoea i iaeaieaa iaueo caeiiao anyeiai
aeaeaeaiey.

Iuia a iaoea aeneiiaoe/ii e aannii?ii iieiaeaiea i oii,/oi
iaoa noauaeoeaiia iuoeaiea e iauaeoeaiue ie? iiae/eiaiu iaeiei e oai aea
caeiiai e iiyoiio a ?acoeueoaoao i?ioeai?a/ey i/o ieie auoue ia iiaeao.

Nia?aiaiiia anoanoaiciaiea i?eciaao ianeaaenoaaiiinoue
i?eia?ao?iiuo naienoa e yoei ?anoe?yao noauaeo iiuoa,?ani?ino?aiyy aai n
eiaeeaeaea ia ?iae.

Aeeaeaeoeea eae oai?ey ?acaeoey.Aaaaeue onoaiiaee,/oi
enoeia i?aaenoaaeyaony ia a aeaea nia?aiiuo aioiauo aeiaiaoe/aneeo
iieiaeaiee,enoeia caeeth/aaony a naiii i?ioeanna iiciaiey,a aeeeoaeueiii
enoi?e/aneii ?acaeoee iaoee,iiaeieiathuaeny n iecoeo nooiaiae ia an?
aieaa aunieea,ii ieeiaaea ia aeinoeaathuae oaeie oi/ee,io eioi?ie iaeaey
aano?aeoioth enoeio,ia aeieaeia nica?oeaoue neiaea ?oee.

Ana iauanoaaiiua ii?yaeee,niaiythuea ae?oa ae?oaa a oiaea
enoi?ee,i?aaenoaaeytho niaie eeoue i?eoiaeyuea nooiaie aaneiia/iiai
?acaeoey /aeiaaea io iecoae nooiaie e aunoae.Eaaeaeay nooiaiue
iaiaoiaeeia e eiaao naia ii?aaaeaiea aeey oiai a?aiaie e aeey oao
oneiaee,eioi?ui iia iaycaia naiei i?ienoiaeaeaieai.Aeey aeeaeaeoe/aneie
oeeinioee iao ie/aai ?ac e iaanaaaea onoaiiaeaiiiai.

Aeeaeaeoeea eae o/aiea i aaeeinoaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae.
“Aeeaeaeoeea-anoue o/aiea i oii,eae iiaoo auoue e auaatho
oiaeaeanoaaiiuie i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoe,-i?e eaeeo oneiaeyo iie auaatho
oiaeaeanoaaiiu,i?aa?auaynue ae?oa a ae?oaa-ii/aio oi /aeiaaea ia
aeieaeai a?aoue yoe i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoe,-ca i??oaia-canouaoea,a ca
aeeaia-oneiaiua,

iiaeaeaeiua,i?aa?auathueany iaeia a ae?oaoth.”

Aeeaeaeoeea eae iaoiae iiciaiey.Ii yoiio iiaiaeo
E.Ia?en ienae:”Iie aeeaeaeoe/aneee iaoiae ii naiae iniiaa ia oieueei
ioee/ai io aaaaeaaneiai,ii yaeyaony aai i?yiie
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoueth.Aeey Aaaaey i?ioeann iuoeaiey,eioi?ue ii
i?aa?auaao aeaaea iiae eiaiai eaeae a naiinoiyoaeueiue iauaeo,anoue
aeaieo?a aeaenoaeoaeueiiai.eioi?ia ninoiaeyao eeoue aai aiaoiaa
iiyaeaiea.O iaiy aea iaiai?io eaeaaeueiia anoue ia/oi eiia,

eae iaoa?eaeueiia,ia?anaaeaiiia a /aeiaa/aneoth aieiaoe i?aia?aciaaiiia
a iae.

Aaaaeaaneay aeeaeaeoeea yaeyaony iniiaiie oi?iie
anyeie aeeaeaeoeee,ii

eeoue,iinea inaiaiaeaeaiey a? io a? ienoe/aneie oi?iu,a yoi-oi eae ?ac e
ioee/aao io ia?

iie iaoiae.”

Eaeay eae i?aaeiao oeeinioee aia?aua aue ?anniio?ai
Ieaoiiii.Eaeay o Ieaoiia anoue oi ecia/aeueiia oeaeia,/oi i?e an?i
iiiaiia?acee ioaeaeueiuo aauae aeaeaao eo oaeeie,a ia eiuie;anoue
anaiauaa,yaeythuaany iniiaie anao ioaeaeueiuo aauae.Auoue nouiinoueth
aauae e iauei iiiaei aauai,auoue nouanoaaiiui a ieo eae au eo
i?iia?acii-oaeiai naienoai eaeae.

E?eoeea A?enoioaey eaeae Ieaoiia:-“eaeae Ieaoiia eae
naiinoiyoaeueiua nouiinoe,ioaeae?iiua io /oanoaaiii aini?eieiaaiuo
aauae,ia iauaniytho ie auoey eaeae,ie iiciaiey aauae”.

Eaeae yaeythony ia/aeii,iauaaeeiythuei ?ac?iciaiiua
oaeou a aaeeiia oeaeia,

a nenoaio,iie iaania/eaatho aeaeueiaeoaaaeaeaeaiea iiciaiey,iaoiaeyo
oaiaeaioeeth auaiaea ciaiey ec ooieeiaiai eee e?eceniiai ninoiyiey.

Eaeay ?iaeaeaaony ec aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe a i?ioeanna
i?aaeiaoii-i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe,iauaiey e ?aoeaenee,eciaiythueo
yoo aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue.

Eaeay,a ioee/ea io iaoa?ee,anoue eiie?aoii-oneiaiia
aini?iecaaaeaiea ?aaeueiinoe a i?ioeanna a? aeaeueiaeoaai
?aca??ouaaiey,i?iaeo aoaeouaai ?acaeoey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

1)Iaoaoeceea.Oeeinioneia o/aiea i naa?o/oanoaaiiuo
i?eioeeiao auoey.Iia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oeeinioneee
iaoiae,?anniao?eaathuee yaeaiey a eo iaeciaiiinoe,aia nenoaiu,a
iacaaeneiinoe ae?oa io ae?oaa,io?eoeathuee aioo?aiiea i?ioeai?a/ey eae
enoi/iee

eo ?acaeoey.

2)Aeiaiaoeci-aicieeaao ia iniiaa iaoaoeceee.Ii eae
iaoiae i?aaeiieiaaao iaoaoece/anee
iaeiinoi?iiiaa,noaiaoe/aneia,ieinoaiaaoaa iuoeaiea,iia?e?othuaa
aeiaiaie.Neaiay aa?a a aaoi?eoaou,caueoa onoa?aaoeo iieiaeaiee
ninoaaeytho nooue aeiaiaoecia.A ?aai/ai aeaeaeaiee aeiaiaoeci i?eaiaeeo
e aoeueaa?ecaoeee ia?enecia, iiii?ooiecio,iieeoe/aneiio aaaioth?ecio.

3)Nioenoeea-o/aiea,iniiaaiiia ia i?aaeiaia?aiiii
ia?ooaiee caeiiia eiaeee,iooai i?eeiaeaiey ?acee/iuo
oeiaie,auaeoiee,aieiaieiiee,iieiuo aeieacaoaeuenoa.

Nioenoeea aeiaeaaaony eaaeouaeny iainiiaaiiinoe
noauaeoeaiui ioo?i,eniieuecoy iaaeinoaoi/iinoue eiae/aneiai e
naiaioe/aneiai aiaeeca.

4)Yeeaeoeea-eae iaoiae i?aaeiieiaaao iaoaie/aneia
niaaeeiaiea ?acii?iaeiuo, /anoi i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo
i?eioeeiia,acaeyaeia,oai?ee,yeaiaioia.Iai?eia?,iaoa?ee e niciaiey,auoey
e aeecie.

Iauei iaaeaeo eaoaai?eyie e caeiiaie yaeyaony oi,/oi
e oa,e ae?oaea io?aaeatho anaiauea caeiiu auoey,anaiauea noi?iiu e
nayce.Acaeiii?iieeiiaaiea i?ioeaiiieiaeii-

noae,acaeiiia?aoiae eiee/anoaa e ea/anoaa,iiaoi?aiea i?ieaeaiiiai ia
iiaie iniiaa, io?aaeaaiua a iniiaiuo caeiiao aeeaeaeoeee,oae aea
oieaa?naeueiu,eae ioiioaiea,i?e/eia e neaaenoaea,iaiaoiaeeiia e
neo/aeiia,oi?ia e niaea?aeaiea,au?aaeaaiua a niioaaonoaothueo
eaoaai?eyo.

?acee/ea eaoaai?ee e caeiiia.

?acee/ee eaoaai?ee e caeiiia aicieeaeo ia iniiaa i?aaeiaoa io?aaeaiey.

1.a) Eaoaai?ey io?aaeatho iauea nayce,ioiioaiey,naienoaa e noi?iiu

iauaeoeaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe;

a) Caeiiu io?aaeatho oieueei anaiauea nayce e ioiioaiey iauaeoeaiie

aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe,ii ia io?aaeatho naienoaa e noi?iiu.

2. Eaoaai?ee e caeiiu ?acee/athony ii oi?ia io?aaeaiey.

a) Eaoaai?ee yaeythony iniaui aeaeii aieiaiey;

a) Caeiiu aeeaeaeoeee,eae e ae?oaea,i?aaenoaaeytho niaie iniaue aeae
noaeaeaiee.

?anniio?ei o?e caeiia aeeaeaeoeee:

— Caeii aaeeinoaa e ai?ueaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae,

— caeii acaeiiiai ia?aoiaea eiee/anoaaiiuo e ea/anoaaiiuo eciaiaiee,

— caeii io?eoeaiey io?eoeaiey.

Ec yoiai iaeuecy naeaeaoue auaiae i oii ,/oi aoaeoi au caeiiu yoei e
ia?aie/aaathony.

Caeiiia oeaeia iiiaeanoai,anoue e ia iiciaiua.Ii yoei iu caeanue
auaeaeyai iniiaiua.

Eniieii aaeia aieiaiea ?acoia i?eaeaeaee eae
i?ioeai?a/eainoueoa?aeoa?ecotho

aeeaeaeoe/aneoth nooue acaeiiaeaenoaey yeaiaioia auoey,ie?iaicc?aiey e
iaoiaeieiaee

iiciaiaiey e aeaenoaey.I?ioeai?a/eainoue auoey iiciaaony eo/oa oiaaea
,eiaaea iu ciaai

/oi oaeia i?ioeai?a/ea.I?ioeai?a/ea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ii?aaeaeaiiue
oei acaeii–

aeaenoaey ?acee/iuo e i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo noi?ii ,naienoa,oaiaeaioeee a
ninoaaa oie eee

eiie nenoaiu eee iaaeaeo nenoaiaie ,i?ioeann noieeiiaaiey
i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo no?aieaiee

e nee .

Aaniethoii oiaeaeanoaaiiuo aauae ia auaaao: iie ?acee/iu aioo?e naay e
iaaeaeo niaie.

Aeeaeaeoe/aneeie i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoyie iacuaathony iaeiia?aiaiii acaeii
eneeth/athuea

e acaeiii?aaeiieiaathuea ae?oa ae?oaa noi?iiu,oaiaeaioeee oiai eee eiiai
oeaeinoiiai,

eciaiythuaainy i?aaeiaoa (yaeaiey,i?ioeanna).

Oi?ioea “Aaeeinoaa e ai?ueau” i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae au?aaeaao
iai?yaeaiiia acaeiiaeae–

noaea “iiey?iuo”naienoa,eceiaeaiee aeaeaeaiey,?acaeoey.

“?anoaiea,aeeaioiia,eaaeaeay eeaoea a eaaeaeia iaiiaaiea a naiae
aeecie oiaeaeanoaaiiu n

niaie e oai ia iaiea ioee/athony io naieo naay aeaaiaea?y onaiaieth e
auaeaeaieth aa–

uanoa ,aeaaiaea?y ciaieth,ia?aciaaieth e ioie?aieth eeaoie,aeaaiaea?y
i?ienoiaeyuaio i?ioeanno oee?eoeeoeee-neiaii,aeaaiaea?y noiia
iai?a?uaiuo iieaeoey?iuo eciaiaiee

eioi?ua ninoaaeytho aeeciue e iauea eoiae eioi?uo aunooiatho aii/eth a
aeaea aeeciaiiuo

oac:yia?eiiaeueiay aeeciue,thiinoue,iieiaay c?aeinoue,i?ioeann
?aciiiaeaiey,noa?inoue,

nia?oue”

Eniieuecoy caeii aaeeinoaa e ai?ueau i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae anaiauaai
aiiaua e ethaie

iauaeo a /anoiinoe iiaeii ?anoeaieaaoue eo eae niaaeeiaiea aeaoo
aeiioaoe/aneeo ia/ae-io-

aeneiai e aeaineiai.Ioae/eia e aeaiueia ioithaeue ia aeaiiino?e?otho
iaee/ea noaoauo i?ioe-

aiiieaeiaeiinoae,iai?ioea,/aeiaae n ethaie oi/ee
c?aiey-aiioiie/aneie,ineoieiae/aneie,

oeeinioneie-anoue iiaeaeaeiue ?acoeueoao aeaoo ia/ae.Aniiiieoa ieo i
Ia?eo?ee-aeaa

Caiee ia?aieeoathony a ia iiaeaeathueony oci?ao,e oieueei oiaaea,eiaaea
Aiiieii a?inaao

cieioie aeace,iie ia?acotho aie?o iaai ai?iiie/aneoth oeao?o.

Ethaay i?eaioaoeey,no?aieaiea ii?aaeeeyao ioaeneia a ioae/eia,aeaineia
a aeaiueia.

Aeaeaeaiea neaaa iai?aai,aaa?o,io oeaio?a e ia?aoa?ee-ioaeneia.

Ni?aaa aeaai,aiec,io ia?aoa?ee-aeaineia.

Ionthaea ieieioi aeaa auaiaea:

1) ethaia “neaaa” oaea iiae?acoiaaaao “iai?aai”;

2) ethaia “aaa?o” eiaao niune, anee ecaanoai “iec”.

Ana iai?aaeaiey eaaeoeiiu oiaaea,eiaaea eiaaony oeaio?.

I?ioeai?a/ea-au?aaeaao aioo?aiiee enoi/iee anyeiai
?acaeoey,aeaeaeaiey.Iiciaiea

aioo?aiiaai (nouiinoiiai) e aiaoiaai (oi?iaeueiiai) i?ioeai?a/ey
ioee/aao aeeaeaeoeeo

io iaoaoeceee.”Aeeaeaeoeea anoue eco/aiea i?ioeai?a/ey a naiie nouiinoae
i?aiaoia”

“Aeeaeaeoe/aneia i?ioeai?a/ea anoue aaeeinoai acaeiieneeth/athueo
(acaeiii ae?oa ae?oaa

iaoneaaeeaathueo),o.a.acaeiiaeaenoaothueo
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae”.”Aaeeinoai oiaeaeanoaa

e ?acee/ey-oaeiaa aeeaeaeoe/aneay oi?ia i?ioeai?a/ey”

I?ioea?iieiaeiinoe oa?aeoa?ecothony eae acaeiiiaoneiaeaiiua e
acaeiiaeaenoaothuea

noi?iiu aeeaeaeoe/aneiai i?ioeai?a/ey.I?ioeaiiieiaeiinoe,ii neiaai
Aaaaey,”eiatho

i?ioea naay” ia i?inoi eiia,a “caia eiia”.Aeeaeaeoeea i?ioeai?a/ey
io?aaeaao aeaienoaaiiia

ioiioaiea aioo?e oeaeiai:1.Aaeeinoai i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae.2.Eo ai?ueao.

Oeiu (aeaeu) i?ioeai?a/ee:

a) aioo?aiiea e aiaoiea.Aioo?aiiea i?ioeai?a/ey-yoi i?ioeai?a/ey
iaaeaeo yeeiaioaie

no?oeoo?u;a aiaoiea -yoi i?ioeai?a/ey ?acee/iuo nenoai,yaeaiee.Iauanoai
e i?e?iaea,i?aaieci e n?aaea.

a) Iniiaiua e iainiiaiua,aeaaiua e iaaeaaiua.I?eia?:Acaeiiua
i?aa?auaiey iaeo?iia,i?ioiia,yeaeo?iia,iaciia a yae?a aoiia
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie i?ioeann iai?a?uaiiai aicieeiiaaiey e ?ac?aoaiey
i?ioeai?a/ee,ii yoi ia i?eaaaeao e eciaiaieth aoiia-iiey?iinoue
yae?a,yeaeo?iiiua iaiei/ee inoathony!

A iaoa?eaeenoe/aneie aeeaeaeoeea io?eoeaiea ?anniao?eaaaony eae
iaiaoaeeiue iiiaio ?acaeoey,oneiaea ea/anoaaiiiai eciaiaiey aauae.

Io?eoeaiea icia/aao i?aa?auaiea iaeiiai i?aaeiaoa a ae?oaie i?e
iaeiia?aiaiiui ia?aoiaea ia?aiai ia iieiaeaiea iiae/eiaiiiai e
i?aia?aciaaiiai yeaiaioa a ninoaaa aoi?iai,/oi iacuaaaony niyoeai.

Aeeaeaeoe/aneia io?eoeaiea aeeth/aao a naay o?eaaeeiiue i?ioeann:

1) aeano?oeoeee (?ac?ooaiey,i?aiaeieaiey,ecaeeaaiey),i?aaeiaai;

2) eoioeyoeee (iaeiieaiea,noiie?iaaiea)-(/anoe/iiai
nio?aiaiey,i?aiyonoaaiiinoe,o?aineyoeee);

3) eiino?oeoeee (oi?ie?iaaiey,nicaeaiey iiaiai).

Io?eoeaiea io?eoeaiey i?aaeiieiaaao oeeeee/iinoue,ioiineoaeueioth
iiaoi?yaiinoue iinooiaaiinoue.

I?eia?u aeeaeaeoe/aneiai io?eoeaiey a enoi?ee ?innee:

1.Ia?aoiae io ycu/aneie aa?u ae i?aaineaaiie-E?auaiea ?one-yoi iiai?io e
Caiaaeo io?eoeaieai Ainoiea.

2. Oaoa?i-iiiaieueneia eai-ia?aoiae io oaiaeaeueiiai Caiaaea e
aceaoneiio Ainoieo.

3. Iao?ianeea ?aoi?iu – i?eaioe?iaea ?innee n Ainoiea ia Caiaae.

4. ?aaieeoeey 1917 aiaea-aaeoi? a?aiaie niiaa iai?aaeyaony n Caiaaea ia
Ainoie.

5. Eaeao ia?ano?ieea-i?eciaee eaeaaeecaoeee Caiaaea.Iaoaeaee iiyoue,oaea
o?aoee ?ac i?eaioe?iaea ia Caiaae?

Caeii eiee/anoaaiiuo e ea/anoaaiiuo eciaiaiee eiaao eaoaai?ee:

1. Ea/anoai-yoi niaieoiiinoue naienoa,oeacuaaaiuo ia oi ,/oi
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aauue,/ai iia yaeyaony.

2. Eiee/anoai-yoi niaieoiiinoue naienoa,oa?aeoa?ecothueo aaee/aio
aaue,aa ?acia?u.

1. Ea/anoai-oaeay ii?aaeaeaiiinoue i?aaeiaoa
(yaeaiey,i?ioeanna),eioi?ay oa?aeoa?ecoao aai eae aeaiiue
i?aaeiao,iaeaaeathuee niaieoiiinoueth i?enoueo aio naienoa e
i?eiaaeeaaeauee e eeano iaeiioeiiuo n iei i?aaeiaoia.

2. Eiee/anoai-oa?aeoa?enoeea ii noaiaie ?acaeoey eee eioaineaiinoe
i?enoueo ei naienoa,au?aaeaaiay a aaee/eiao e /eneao.

Eaaeaeay ioaeaeueiay aauue iaeaaeaao aann/eneaiiui eiee/anoaii
naienoa,aaeeinoai eioi?uo icia/aao aa ea/anoai.

Ia?a-aeeaeaeoe/aneia aaeeinoai ea/anoaa e eiee/anoaa eee oaeie eioa?aae
eiee/anoaaiiuo eciaiaiee,a i?aaeaeao eioi?iai nio?aiyaony ea/anoaaiiay
ii?aaeaeaiiinoue i?aaeiaoa.

Nea/ie-ia?aoiae eiee/anoaaiiuo eciaiaiee a ea/anoaaiiua eee ia?aoiae ec
iaeiiai eiee/anoaaiiiai ninoiyiey a ae?oaia a ?acoeueoaoa i?aa?auaiey
ia?u.

Naienoai-noi?iia i?aaeiaoa,iaoneaaeeaathuay aai ?acee/ea eee noiaenoai n
ae?oaeie i?aaeiaoaie e i?iyaeythuayny ai acaeiiaeaenoaee n iei.

Naienoaa auaatho niaoeeoe/aneeie e iaueie;

-aeaaiuie e iaaeaaiuie,

-iaiaoiaeeiuie e neo/aeiuie,

-nouanoaaiiuie e ianouanoaaiiuie,

-aiaoieie e aioo?aiieie,

-niaianoeiuie e ianiaianoeiuie,

-ioaeaeueiuie e iaioaeaeueiuie,

-anoanoaaiiuie e eneonoaaiiuie,

3. Eaoaai?ee aeeaeaeoeee ?aciiia?aciu,neiaeiu ii naiae i?e?iaea.Iie
au?aaeatho;

1. Oieaa?naeueiua nayce auoey.-Aaeeie/iia e iauaa.ssaeaiea e nouiinoue.

A ie?a ana acaeiiinaycaii.yoa acaeiinaycue eiaao oieaa?naeueiue
oa?aeoa? e i?iiecuaaao ana auoea.

Oi?iu acaeiinayce iiaoo eiaoue oi?io:nayce aaeeie/iiaie iauaai;/anoe e
oeaeiai; eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai e aa?e?oaiiai e o.ae. Aeeaeaeoeea iicaieyao
iiciaoue neiaeiua enoeiu,i?ioeai?a/eaua oieaa?naeueiua nayce
auoey,eniieuecoy eaoaai?ee.

Oeeinioneea iiiyoey,io?aaeathuea oieaa?naeueiua nayce auoey,ia?acotho
a?oiio eaoaai?ee aeeaeaeoeee.

Yoe eaoaai?ee,eae i?aaeei,ia?iua:io?aaeatho”iiey?iua” noi?iiu
yaeaiee,aauae,i?ioeannia.A i?ioeanna iiciaiey eaoaaai?ee,io?aaeathueo
iiiaiia?acea naycae ?aaeueiiaiie?a,iiaeii auaeaeeoue aeaa
eaoaai?eaeueiuo ?yaea:

a) ia?aue eaoaai?eaeueiue ?yae au?aaeaao “ono?ienoai” e
“i?aaieciaaiiinoue” auoey.E yoiio ?yaeo iiaeii ioianoe neaaeothuea
ia?iua eaoaai?ee aeeaeaeoeee:”aaeeie/iia e
iauaa”,”iiiaia-aaeeiiia”,”noiaenoai-?acee/ea”,”ea/anoai-eiee/anoai”,”i?i
noia-neiaeiia”,”/anoue-oeaeia”,”eiia/iia-aaneiia/iia”,”oi?ia-niaea?aeaie
a” e o.ae.

a) Ae?oaie eaoaai?eaeueiue ?yae au?aaeaao oieaa?naeueiua nayce
aeaoa?ieiaoeee.E iei
ioiinyony:”yaeaiea-nouiinoue”,”i?e/eia-neaaenoaea”,”neo/aeiinoue-iaiaoia
eeiinoue”,”aiciiaeiinoue-aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue” e ae.?.Ia?aue ?yae
eaoaai?ee iiaeii iacaaoue “ai?eciioaeueiaie”,a “aoi?ie”-“aa?oeeaeueiui”.

Aeaai niuneiaia ?acuyniaiea eaoaai?ee:

1) Aaeeie/iia e iauaa.Naienoaa e nayce,i?enouea oieueei aeaiiiio
ia?aciaaieth,ionoonoaothuea o ae?oaeo iacuaathony aaeeie/iuie.Aaeeie/iia
oa?aeoa?ecoao ioaeaeueiue i?aaeiao ,yaeaiea,aauue,ioee/athuothny ii
naiei i?ino?ainoaaiiui,a?aiaiiui e ae?oaei naienoaai io eiuo.Ana oi /oi
iaiiaoi?eii a yaeaiee i?enoua oieueei aio,ionoonoaoao o ae?oaeo
yaeaiee,iiaeii iacaaoue aaeeie/iui .Iauaa-oi,/oi iiaoi?yaony a ae?oaeo
yaeaieyo,/oi i?enouaa ia iaeiiio,a iiiaei yaeaieyi.Iauaa-yoi iauaeoeaii
nouanoaothuaa noiaenoai aaeeie/iuo i?aaeiaoia,eo
iaeiioeiiinoue,i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue e iaeiie e oie aea a?oiia.

Iauaa nouanoaoao a ioaeaeueiii,ioaeaeueiia au?aaeaao /a?ou
iauaai.Iaae aaeeie/iui “aeanoaoao” iauaa,eioi?ia aacaeaeinoii
“canoaaeyao” iineaaeiaaoaeueii aeaiooue aaeeie/iia eae ia?aoiaeyuaa ai
eiy nio?aiaiey iauaai eae /oi-oi onoie/aaia;aaeeie/iia oie?aao,ii ?iae
aeeaao.

Anyeia iauaiea eeoue i?eaeeceoaeueii ioaaouaaao ana ioaeaeueiua
i?aaeiaou,rioi?ua eiatho aaeeioe/iia ia?yaeo n iiaoi?ythueieny
naaienoaaie-iaiiaoi?eiia.

2) ssaeaiea e nouiinoue.Yoe eaoaai?ee iicaieytho iniuneeoue anaiauea
nayce auoey iooai niioianaiey iiaa?oiinoiuo e aeoaeiiuo o?iaiae
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Aiaoiea,iaaethaeaaiua,icia/aaiua,aieaa iiaeaeaeiua,eciai/eaua
oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aaeiaoa iacuaaaony yaeaieai.Aioo?aiiea
,aeoaeiiua,ne?uoua,ioiineoaeueii onoie/eaua oa?aeoa?enoeee
i?aaeiaoia,ii?aaeaeythuea eo i?e?iaeo,iacuaathony nouiinoueth.Yoe
yaeaiey aunooiatho eiiieaenii,eae niaieoiiinoue.

Iaeie ooaa?aeaeatho:oi?ia i?iyaeaiey e nouiinoue aauae
niaiaaeatho.Anee yoi auei au aa?ii,niaaea iaoea auea au eceeoiae.

Ae?oaea i?aaeiieiaatho:yaeaiea e nouiinue ia eiatho iauoth naycue.Anee
yoi n/eoaoue aa?iui,ni oiaaea iaaiciiaeii iiciaiey nooe aauae.Ii Eaioo
yaeaiea-yoi oi?ia iiuoii iinoeaaaiiai /aeiaaeii auoey.

Ieaoii:nouiinoue oiaeaeanoaaiia eaeae (yeaeino) ,iia ia naiaeeia e
oaeaniui,/oanoaaiiiaini?eiaiaaiui oi?iai auoey.Iia anoue iaeee enoiaeiue
ia?acaoe aeey anaai aicieeathuaai e i?aauaathuaai.

A?enoioaeue: nouiinoue-yoi aaue,iaaeaeaiiua iniaie aeoeaiinoueth oi?i
eae iaeioi?ue i?eioeei,ieeoeaoai?ythuee einioth iaoa?eth,a niaieoiiinoe
n eioi?ie e ia?acothony ana aaue.Caeeth/aiea.

Nouiinoue aauae iaoa?eaeueia,i?aaenoaaeyao niaie niaieoiiinoue
naienoaaiiuo ae iaiaoiaeeiuo noi?ii e naycae,e nouanoaoao iia iacaaeneii
io /aeiaa/aneiai niciaiey.Nouanoaoy ?aaeueii,iiai?aaie/anee naycaia n
yaeaieai,?ane?uaaao naia niaea?aeaiea oieueei a iai,/a?ac
iaai.”Nouiinoue-ii Eaieio-yaeyaony,yaeaiea-nouanoaaiia”.

No?oeoo?iua nayce.-*anoue e oeaeia;Oi?ia e niaea?aeaiea;

Yeaiaio e no?oeoo?a.

?aniieiaeaiea aauae auaaao:

a) eeai nooeoo?iia

a) eeai oaioe/aneia

Ethaay no?oeoo?a ninoaaeyao oeaeia,eioi?ia ninoieo ec /anoae.Oeaeia,a
ecaanoiie noaiaie,

?anniao?eaaaony eae ?acoeueoao ni/eoaiey /anoae oiai eee eiiai
i?aaeiaoa,a /anoe-eae oaeea

“i?aaeiaou”,eioi?ua a naiae niaieoiiinoe ia?acotho iiaua,neiaeiua
i?aaeiaou.

Oaeia ooaa?aeaeaiea i?eieoeaii,i?yiieeiaeii.Oeaeia
iiaeao auoue e nai?ii ninoaaeythueo /anoae,aaea /anoe iiaoo auoue
nia?aiu niiioaiii.Oaeia oeaeia ia i?aaenoaaeyao oeaiiinoe.Oeaeia
aeieaeii eiaoue oeaeinoiinoue.Oeaeinoiinoue eiaao ?acee/iua oeiu:

a) n?oeoo?iue oei oeaeinoiinoe io?aaeaao nayce no?iaiey.

a) ooieoeeiiaeueiue oei oeaeinoiinoe-i?eioeeiu aeaenoaey.

a) aaiaoe/aneee oei oeaeinoiinoe oa?aeoa?ecoao ?acaeoea.

Oeaeia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie i?aaeiao,aeeth/athuee a
naay,a ea/anoaa ninoaaiuo /anoae,ae?oaea,i?aaie/anee naycaiiua iaaeaeo
niaie i?aaeiaou,e iaeaaeathuea oaeeie naienoaaie ,eioi?ua ia naiaeyony e
naienoaai ninoaaeythueo aai /anoae.

N eaoaai?eyie nouiinoue e yaeaiea,/anoue e oeaeia oanii
naycaiu eaoaai?ee-niaea?aeaiea e oi?ia.Iiae niaea?aeaieai iiieiaaony
eaoaai?ey iaoa?eaeenoe/aneie aeeaeaeoeee,iaicia/athuay niaieoiiinoueanao
acaeiiaeaenoaee e iaoneaaeeaaaiuo eie eciaiaiee,naienoaaiiuo
yaeaieth.Oi?iie yaeaiey iacuaaaony ioiineoaeueii onoie/eaay nenoaia
naycae iiiaioia niaea?aeaiey,aai no?oeoo?a.Iiiyoea “no?oeoo?a”
iaicia/aao niinia ni/aoaiey e acaeiinayce yeaiaioia oeaeiai.Iiiyoea
“yeaiaio” iaicia/aao eiiiiiaiou, ninoaaeythuea eaeia-eeai oeaeia e
iaoiaeyueany iaaeaeo niaie a ii?aaeae?iiie acaeiinayce

e acaeiicaaeneiinoe.

Iiiyoea “/anoue” i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
oa?aeoa?enoeeo,”aeioee”,”eeaoi/eo” oeaeiai.

Nayce aeaoa?ieiaoeee.Aeaoa?ieieci-yoi o/aea i anaiauae
acaeiiiaoneiaeaiinoe

iauaeoeaiuo yaeaiee.

A iniiaa yoiai ooaa?aeaeaiey-oieaa?naeueiay naycue anao yaeaiee.

Enoiaeiie eaoaai?eae aeaoa?ieiecia yaeyaony iiiyoea
nayce e acaeiiaeaenoaey.

Nouiinoue aeaoa?ieiecia ?ane?uaaaony iaeaieaa iieii
ioo?i eniieueciaaiey oaeeo eaoaai?ee,eae
“i?e/eia”,”neaaenoaea”,”caeiiiia?iinoue”,”nouiinoue”,”yaeaiea”,”iaiaoiae
eiinoue” e
“neo/aeiinoue”,”naiaiaea”,”aiciiaeiinoue”,”aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue”.

Yoe eaoaai?ee eniieuecothony,eae ia?iua
eaoaai?ee.Oa?aeoa?enoeee eo:

1.I?e/eia e neaaenoaea.

a) I?e/eiie iacuaaaony acaeiiaeaenoaea iaoa?eaeueiuo
ia?aciaaiee eee yeaiaioia,eo ninoaaeythueo,iaoneaaeeaathuaa
niioaaonoaothuea eciaiaiey.

a) Neaaenoaeai iacuaathony eciaiaiey, aicieeathuea ai
acaeiiaeaenoaothueo oi?iao eee iaoa?eaeu eo ia?aciaaieyo a ?acoeueoaoa
eo acaeiiaeaenoaey.

2.Iaiaoiaeeiinoue e neo/aeiinoue.

a) Iaiaoiaeeiinoueth iacuaathony naienoaa e nayce,iaoneiaeaiiua
aioo?aiieie i?e/eiaie aaue,yaeaiey,aioo?aiiae i?e?iaeie
yeaiaioia,ninoaaeythueo iaoa?eaeueiia ia?aciaaiea.

a) Neo/aeiinoueth iacuaathony naienoaa e nayce,eiathuea
i?e/eio naiaai nouanoaiaaiey a ae?oaii,iaoneiaeaiiua noa/aieai aiaoieo
iaunoiyoaeuenoa.

Neo/aeiinoue e iaiaoiaeeiinoue,aiciiaeiinoue e
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue.*oi iauaai iiaeao auoue iaaeaeo Iaiieaiiii,eioi?ue
?iaeeeny a 1760 a. e Aeoea?ii,?iaeeaoainy a 1889 a.-?acieoea a aic?anoa
129 eao.Iaiieaii i?eo?e e aeanoe a 1804 a.,Aeoea? a 1933 a.-?acieoea-129
eao. Iaiieaii iaiae ia ?inneth a 1812 a.,a Aeoea? a 1933 a.-iiyoue
?acieoea -129 eao.Iaiieaii i?iea?ae aieio a 1816 a.,a Aeoea? a 1945
a.-?acieoea 129 eao.

3.Aiciiaeiinoue e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue.

a) Aiciiaeiinoueth iacuaaaony oaiaeaioeee ,i?aaeiinueee
aicieeiiaaiey e ?acaeoey,a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth iacuaaaony oi,/oi oaea
iiyaeeinue ?aaeueii.

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