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1

A?ENOIOAEUe “I aeooa”

1. Eaeea caaea/e iiciaiey aeooe noaaeo A?enoioaeue?

2. Eaeiai niioiioaiea aeooe e aeaeaeaiey?

3. Eaeiai niioiioaiea aeooe e oaeaniinoe?

4. E eaeiio ?iaeo nouaai ioiineony aeooa?

5. Eaeea /anoe aeooe auaeaeyao A?enoioaeue?

6. Eaeeie niiniaiinoyie iaeaaeaao aeooa?

7. *oi oaeia yioaeaoey?

1. Eaeea caaea/e iiciaiey aeooe noaaeo A?enoioaeue?

I?aaeaea anaai iaiaoiaeeii ii?aaeaeeoue e eaeiio ?iaeo (nouaai)
ioiineony aeooa e /oi iia oaeia; anoue ee iia ii?aaeaeaiiia ia/oi;
Ioiineony ee iia e oiio, /oi nouanoaoao a aiciiaeiinoe. eee, nei?aa,
anoue iaeioi?ay yioaeaoey- (a?a/. entelechia – eiathuaa oeaeue a naiii
naaa) – o A?enoioaey – oeaeaono?aieaiiinoue, oeaeaiai?aaeaiiinoue eae
aeaeaeouay neea).

Neaaeoao oaeaea auynieoue, ninoieo ee aeooa ec /anoae eee iao e
iaeii?iaeiu ee ana aeooe eee iao. E aee ia iaeii?iaeiu, oi ioee/athony
ee iie ae?oa io ae?oaa ii aeaeo eee ii ?iaeo. Yoi ioaeii auynieoue
iioiio /oi oa, eoi aiai?eo i aeooa e enneaaeoao aa, ?anniao?eaatho,
ii-aeaeeiiio, eeoue /aeiaa/aneoth aeooo. ia aeieaeii oneieuecaoue io ian
e oi, iaeii ee ii?aaeaeaiea aeooe, eae. iai?eia?, ii?aaeaeaiea aeeaiai
nouanoaa iaeii, eee aeooa eaaeaeiai ?iaea eiaao iniaia ii?aaeaeaiea, eae
iai?eia? aeooa eioaaee, niaaee, /aeiaaea, Aiaa ( aeeaia aea nouanoai
eae iauaa anoue eeai ia/oi, eeai ia/oi iineaaeothuaa, iiaeiaiui ia?acii
ianoieo aeaei e ni anyeie ae?oaie auneacuaaaiie iauiinoueth.) Aeaeaa,
anee eiaaony ia iiiaeanoai aeoo, a oieueei /anoe aeooe, oi aicieeaao
aii?in: ioaeii ee nia/aea enneaaeiaaoue anth aeooo eee aa /anoe? o?oaeii
oaeaea ioiineoaeueii /anoae ii?aaeaeeoue, eaeea ec ieo ?acee/athony
iaaeaeo niaie ii i?e?iaea e ioaeii ee nia/aea enneaaeiaaoue /anoe eee
aea aeaeu eo aeayoaeueiinoe (iai?eia?, iuoeaiea eee oi, iuouaiea eee
niiniaiinoue iuouaiey). E oi/ii oae aea ioiineoaeueii ae?oaeo
niiniaiinoae aeooe. Anee aea ioaeii nia/aea enneaaeiaaoue aeaeu aa
aeayoaeueiinoe, oi iiyoue-oaee iiaeii auei au iinoaaeoue aii?in, ia
neaaeoao ee nia/aea ?anniio?aoue oi, /oi ei i?ioeaieaaeeo, iai?eia?:
iuouaaiia i?aaeaea niiniaiinoe iuouaiey, iuneeiia – i?aaeaea
iuneeoaeueiua niiniaiinoe.

2.Eaeiai niioiioaiea aeooe e aeaeaeaiey?

A?enoioaeue iiieiae aeooo, eae aeaeaeouaa ia/aei, ii ooaa?aeaeae /oi
naia aeooa ia iiaeao aeaeaaoueny.

A?enoioaeue ?acee/ae /aou?a aeaea aeaeaeaiey (eciaiaiey):

(1.) aicieeiiaaiea e oie/oiaeaiea; (2) ea/anoaaiiia eciaiaiea, o.a.
eciaiaiea naienoaa;

(3) eiee/anoaaiiia eciaiaiea, o.a. oaaee/aiea e oiaiueoaiea (?ino,
oaueue); (4) ia?aiauaiea, ia?aiaia ianoa. Nianoaaiii e aeaeaeaieth ii
ioiineo eciaiaiey aeaea (2)-(4), iineieueeo eciaiaiea aeaea (1) anoue
nei?aa i?inoi ecia?aiea, ninoiyuaa a ia?aoiaea iaeiie aaue a ae?oaoth.
Iaaeaeo oai, ooaa?aeaeaao oeeinio, aicieeiiaaiea e oie/oiaeaiea
niaa?oathony ioiineoaeueii nouiinoe; aeey iaa aea “iao aeaeaeaiey, oae
eae ie/oi nouanoaothuaa ae ia i?ioeainoieo”.

Oae eae eiaaony /aou?a aeaea aeaeaeaiee, oi aeooa aeieaeia eiaoue eee
iaeii ec yoeo aeaeaeaiee, eee ianeieueei, eee ana. Anee aeooa aeaeaeaony
ia i?eaoiaeyuei ia?acii, oi aeaeaeaiea aeieaeii auoue ae i?enoua ii
i?e?iaea, a anee aeaeaeaiea, oi ianoi: aaaeue ana iacaaiiua aeaeaeaiey
i?ienoiaeyo a eaeii-oi ianoa. Ii anee nouiinoue aeooe caeeth/aaony a
oii. /oi iia naia naay aeaeaeao. oi aeaeaeaiea ae aoaeao i?enoua ia
i?eaoiaeyuei ia?acii.

Anee aeaeaeaiea i?enoua aeooa io i?e?iaeu. oi iia iiaea au auoue
i?eaaaeaia a aeaeaeaiea e iinoi?iiiae neeie, a anee au e iinoi?iiiae
neeie, oi e io i?e?iaeu. Oae aea ianoieo aeaei e n iieiai. Aaaeue eoaea
aauue no?aieony io i?e?iaeu, oai aea iia e io i?e?iaeu iaoiaeeony a
iieia. E oi/ii oae aea: eoaea aauue aeaeaeaony iiae aeaenoaeai
iinoi?iiiae neeu. oai aea iia iiae aeaenoaeai iinoi?iiiae neeu
iaoiaeeony a iieia. A?enoioaeue ia iia oi/ii iauynieoue aeaeaeaiea aeooe
a ninoiyiee aa iieiy iiae aeaenoaeai iinoi?iiiae neeu.

Iu aiai?ei, /oi aeooa nei?aeo, ?aaeoaony, aea?caao, eniuouaaao no?ao,
aeaeaa, /oi iia aiaaaaony. iuouaao, ?aciuoeyao. Ana yoi eaaeaony
aeaeaeaieyie. E iiyoiio iiaeii auei iiaeoiaoue, /oi e naia aeooa
aeaeaeaony. Ii yoi aiana ia iaiaoiaeeii. Aaaeue anee e nei?aaoue,
?aaeiaaoueny, ?aciuoeyoue – yoi eiaiii aeaeaeaiey, e ana yoi icia/aao
auoue i?eaaaeaiiui a aeaeaeaiea, oi oaeia aeaeaeaiea aucuaaaony aeooie
(iai?eia?, aiaa eee no?ao – iooiai. /oi na?aeoea aio oae-oi i?eoiaeeo a
aeaeaeaiea; ?aciuoeaiea, auoue iiaeao, icia/aao oaeia aio aeaeaeaiea
na?aeoea eee /aai-ieaoaeue eiiai; i?e/ai a iaeieo neo/ayo i?ienoiaeeo
ia?aiauaiey, a ae?oaeo – i?aa?auaiey). Iaaeaeo oai neacaoue, /oi aeooa
aiaaaaony, – yoi oi aea. /oi neacaoue- aeooa oeao eee no?ieo aeii.
Aaaeue eo/oa, iiaeaeoe ia aiai?eoue. /oi aeooa ni/oanoaoao, eee o/eony
eee ?aciuoeyao. E yoi ia icia/aao, /oi aeaeaeaiea iaoiaeeony a aeooa. a
icia/aao, /oi iii oi aeioiaeeo aei iaa, oi enoiaeeo io iaa; oae,
aini?eyoea io oaeeo-oi aauae aeioiaeeo aei iaa. a ainiiieiaiea – io
aeooe e aeaeaeaieyi eee e eo inoaoeai a i?aaiao /oanoa.

Ec eceiaeaiiiai i/aaeaeii, /oi aeooa ia iiaeao aeaeaaoueny. A anee iia
aiiaua ia aeaeaeaony, oi ynii, /oi iia ia iiaeao aeaeaaoue naiia naay.

3.Eaeiai niioiioaiea aeooe e oaeaniinoe?

Aeooa anoue i?e/eia eae oi, ioeoaea aeaeaeaiea, eae oeaeue e eae
nouiinoue iaeooaaeaiiuo oae.

E nouiinoe ioiineony, ai-ia?auo iaoa?ey, eioi?ay naia ii naaa ia anoue
ii?aaeaeaiiia ia/oi; ai-aoi?uo, oi?ia eee ia?ac. Aeaaiaea?y eioi?ui iia
oaea iacuaaaony ii?aaeaeaiiui ia/oi, e a-o?aoueeo,
oi, /oi ninoieo ec iaoa?ee e oi?iu. Iaoa?ey anoue aiciiaeiinoue, oi?ia
aea – yioaeaoey, e eiaiii a aeaiyeii niunea- a oaeii. eae ciaiea. e a
oaeii. eae aeayoaeueiinoue nica?oeaiey.

ii-aeaeeiiio, aeaaiui ia?acii oaea, e i?eoii anoanoaaiiua nooue
nouiinoe. eai iie ia/aea anao inoaeueiuo oae. Ec anoanoaaiiuo oae
iaeie iaaeaeaiu, aeeciueth ae?oaea iao. AEeciueth iu iacuaaai anyeia
ieoaiea. ?ino e oiaaeie oaea. eiathuea iniiaaiea a iai naiii. Oaeei
ia?acii, anyeia anoanoaaiiia oaei. i?e/anoiia aeecie. anoue nouiinoue,
i?eoii nouiinoue ninoaaiay.

Ii oioy iii anoue oaeia oaei, o.a. iaaeaeaiiia aeeciueth, iii ia iiaeao
auoue aeooie. Aaaeue oaei anoue ia/oi i?eiaaeeaaeauaa noano?aoo, a
nei?aa naii anoue noano?ao e iaoa?ey. Oaeei ia?acii, aeooa iaiaoiaeeii
anoue nouiinoue a niunea oi?iu anoanoaaiiiai oaea, iaeaaeathuaai a
aiciiaeiinoe aeeciueth. Nouiinoue aea (eae oi?ia) anoue yioaeaoey; noaei
auoue aeooa anoue yioaeaoey oaeiai oaea.

Yioaeaoey aea eiaao aeaiyeee niune: eee oaeie, eae ciaiea, eee oaeie,
eae aeayoaeueiinoue nica?oeaiey; niaa?oaiii i/aaeaeii, /oi aeooa anoue
yioaeaoey a oaeii niunea, eae ciaiea. Aaaeue a neeo iaee/ey aeooe
eiathony e nii, e aiae?noaiaaiea, i?e/ai aiae?noaiaaiea noiaeii n
aeayoaeueiinoueth nica?oeaiey, nii aea- n iaeaaeaieai, ii aac
aeaenoaiaaiey. O iaeiiai e oiai aea /aeiaaea ciaiea ii naiaio
i?ienoiaeaeaieth i?aaeoanoaoao aeayoaeueiinoe nica?oeaiey.

Eiaiii iiyoiio aeooa anoue ia?aay yioaeaoey anoanoaaiiiai oaea,
iaeaaeathuaai a aiciiaeiinoe aeeciueth. A oaeei oaeii iiaeao auoue eeoue
oaei, iaeaaeathuaa i?aaiaie. Iiyoiio e ia neaaeoao ni?aoeaaoue, anoue
ee aeooa e oaei ia/oi aaeeiia, eae ia neaaeoao yoi ni?aoeaaoue
ioiineoaeueii ethaie iaoa?ee e oiai, iaoa?ey /aai iia anoue. Aaaeue oioy
aaeeiia e auoea eiatho ?aciua cia/aiey, ii yioaeaoey anoue aaeeiia e
auoea a nianoaaiiii niunea.

Aeooa anoue nooue auoey e oi?ia (logos) anoanoaaiiiai oaea, eioi?ia a
naiii naaa eiaao ia/aei aeaeaeaiey e iieiy. Neacaiiia ioaeii
?anniio?aoue e a ioiioaiee /anoae oaea. Neacaiiia aea i /anoe oaea
ioaeii i?eeiaeeoue ei anaio aeeaiio oaeo. Eae /anoue ioiineony e /anoe,
oae noiaeiui ia?acii niaieoiiinoue iuouaiee ioiineony ei anaio
iuouathuaio oaeo eae iuouathuaio.

Ii aeeaia a aiciiaeiinoe – yoi ia oi. /oi eeoaii aeooe, a oi /oi ath
iaeaaeaao. Oae aea eae c?a/ie e c?aiea ninoaaeytho aeac, oae e aeooa e
oaei ninoaaeytho aeeaia nouanoai.

Aeooa iaioaeaeeia io oaea; ynii oaeaea, /oi iaioaeaeeia eaeay- eeai
/anoue aa, anee aeooa ii i?e?iaea eiaao /anoe, eai iaeioi?ua /anoe aeooe
nooue yioaeaoey oaeaniuo /anoae. Ii eiia/ii, ie/oi ia iaoaao, /oiau
iaeioi?ua /anoe aeooe auee ioaeaeeiu io oaea, oae eae iie ia yioaeaoey
eaeiai-eeai oaea a oii aea niunea. a eaeii ei?aaaeueiee anoue yioaeaoey
noaeia.

*aeiaae, caieiathuee aunoaa ianoi a i?e?iaea, ioee/aaony io ae?oaeo
aeeaioiuo iaee/eai ?acoi (?acoiiie aeooe). E no?oeoo?a aai aeooe, e
no?iaiea oaea niioaaonoaotho yoiio aieaa aunieiio iieiaeaieth. Iii
neacuaaaony a i?yiioiaeaeaiee, iaee/ee i?aaiia o?oaea e ?a/e, a
iaeaieueoai ioiioaiee iauaia iicaa e oaeo, a iaeeee “aeeciaiiie oaieiou”
e o.ae. iiciaiea aunooiaao aeayoaeueiinoueth iuouathuae e ?acoiiie aeooe
/aeiaaea. Iuouaiea eee aini?eyoea – yoi eciaiaiea, eioi?ia
i?iecaiaeeony aini?eieiaaiui oaeii a aeooa /a?ac iin?aaenoai oaea
aini?eieiathuaai.

4.E eaeiio ?iaeo nouaai ioiineony aeooa?

A?enoioaeue ii?aaeaeee aeooo eae “ia?aoth yioaeaoeth i?aaie/aneiai
oaea”, o.a. aeeciaiiia ia/aei oaea, aeaeaeouaa aai e no?iyuaa aai eae
naia i?oaeea. Iiyoiio a aeeauo oaeao iaeaieaa yanoaaiii iaia?oaeeaaaony
oeaeaniia?aciay aeayoaeueiinoue i?e?iaeu. Niioaaonoaaiii naiei ooieoeeyi
aeooa aeaeeony ia o?e ?iaea. Ooieoeey ieoaiey e ?aciiiaeaiey, iaee/iua o
ethaiai aeeaiai nouanoaa, ia?acotho ieoaoaeueioth, eee ?anoeoaeueioth,
aeooo. Iuouaiea e ia?aaeaeaeaiea, naienoaaiiua aeeaioiui. ia?acotho
aeooo iuouathuoth, eee aeeaioioth. Iaeiiaoe, iuoeaiea inouanoaeyaony eae
aeayoaeueiinoue ?acoiiie aeooe – iia i?eiaaeeaaeeo /aeiaaeo. Caeii
caeanue oaeia: aunoea ooieoeee, a niioaaonoaaiii aeooe, ia iiaoo
nouanoaiaaoue aac iecoeo, oiaaea eae iineaaeiea aac ia?auo iiaoo.

5. Eaeea /anoe aeooe auaeaeyao A?enoioaeue?

Aeooa ioee/aaony ?anoeoaeueiie niiniaiinoueth, niiniaiinoueth iuouaiey
niiniaiinoueth ?aciuoeaiey e aeaeaeaieai. A anoue ee eaaeaeay ec yoeo
niiniaiinoae aeooa eee /anoue aeooe e anee /anoue aeooe, oi oae ee, /oi
eaaeaeay ioaeaeeia eeoue iuneaiii eee oaeaea i?ino?ainoaaiii, – ia iaeie
ec yoeo aii?inia iao?oaeii ioaaoeoue, ae?oaea aea aucuaatho
cao?oaeiaiey. Oae aea eae e o iaeioi?uo ?anoaiee, anee eo ?anna/ue,
/anoe i?iaeieaeatho aeeoue ioaeaeueii ae?oa io ae?oaa, eae aoaeoi a
eaaeaeii oaeii ?anoaiee eiaaony iaeia aeooa a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe
(yioaeaoey), a a aiciiaeiinoe – iiiai, oi/ii oae aea iu aeaeei, /oi
ia/oi iiaeiaiia i?ienoiaeeo o ?anna/aiiuo ia /anoe ianaeiiuo e a
ioiioaiee ae?oaeo ioee/eoaeueiuo naienoa aeooe. A eiaiii : eaaeaeay ec
/anoae iaeaaeaao iuouaiea e niiniaiinoueth aeaeaaoueny a i?ino?ainoaa;
a anee anoue iuouaiea, oi eiaaony e no?aieaiea. Aaaeue aaea anoue
iuouaiea, oai e ia/aeue, e ?aaeinoue, a aaea iie, oai iaiaoiaeeii anoue
e aeaeaiea.

Ioiineoaeueii aea oia e niiniaiinoe e oiic?aieth aua iao i/aaeaeiinoe,
ii eaaeaony, /oi iie eiie ?iae aeooe e /oi oieueei yoe niiniaiinoe iiaoo
nouanoaiaaoue ioaeaeueii, eae aa/iia – ioaeaeueii io i?aoiaeyuaai.

A ioiineoaeueii i?i/eo /anoyo aeooe ec neacaiiiai i/aaeaeii, /oi eo
iaeuecy ioaeaeeoue ae?oa io ae?oaa.

6.Eaeeie niiniaiinoyie iaeaaeaao aeooa?

Aeooa iaeaaeaao ?anoeoaeueiie niiniaiinoueth, niiniaiinoueth iuouaiey,
niiniaiinoueth ?aciuoeaiey e i?ino?ainoaaiiiai aeaeaeaiey.

?anoaieyi i?enoua oieueei ?anoeoaeueiay niiniaiinoue, ae?oaei nouanoaai
– e yoa niiniaiinoue, e niiniaiinoue iuouaiey; e anee niiniaiinoue
iuouaiey, oi e niiniaiinoue no?aieaiey. Aaaeue no?aieaiea – yoi
aeaeaiea, no?anoue e aiey; ana aeeaioiua iaeaaeatho ii e?aeia ia?a
iaeiei /oanoaii – inycaieai. A eiio i?enoua iuouaiey; oiio i?enoua
oaeaea eniuouaaoue e oaeiaieuenoaea e ia/aeue, e i?eyoiia e oyainoiia, a
eiio ana yoi i?enoua, oiio i?enoua e aeaeaiea: aaaeue aeaeaiea anoue
no?aieaiea e i?eyoiiio.

7.*oi oaeia yioaeaoey?

Yioaeaoey ( a?a/. entelecheia – eiathuaa oeaeue a naiii naaa) – o
A?enoioaey – oeaeaono?aieaiiinoue, oeaeaiai?aaeaiiinoue eae aeaeaeouay
neea (Oaeaieiaey (a?a/ teleos -oeaeue, logos – o/aiea)- eaaeaeue
i?aaeiao i?e?iaeu eiaao aioo?aiithth i?e/eio, eioi?ay anoue enoi/iee
aeaeaeaiey io iecoeo oi?i e aunoei (A?enoioaeue) ), naiioeaeue, aeoeaiia
ia/aei, i?aa?auathuaa aiciiaeiinoue a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue.

A?enoioaeaai iiiyoea yioaeaoee iiaeii ?acuynieoue oae. Aaue
nouanoaotho eee yioaeaoeaeueii, eae ia/oi inouanoaeaiiia e caaa?oaiiia,
eee iioaioeeaeueii, a aiciiaeiinoe, eee aea e iioaioeeaeueii, e
yioaeaoeaeueii. Aii?in i aeaeaeaiee ioiineony e o?aoueaio ioiioaieth: a
aeaeaeouai eiaaony eae aiciiaeiinoue, niiniaiinoue eciaiyony, oae e
aioo?aiiyy oaiaeaioeey e caaa?oaieth, o.a. oeaeue, caeiaeaiiay a naiie
aaue e aunooiathuay aa aioo?aiiae aeaeaeouae neeie, iineieueeo iia
niiniaia e eciaiaieth.

A neaaeiaaoaeueii, anyeia yaeaiea iiae?acoiaaaao, ii A?enoioaeth,
aiciiaeiinoue eciaiaiey, oeaeue, e eioi?ie iai?aaeaii eciaiaiea, e
yioaeaoeth eae inouanoaeaiiinoue aeaiiie oeaee, eaaeauoth a aaue.

Aiai?y eia/a, yioaeaoey – yoi “i?ia?aiia” eciaiaiey. Anee aeey oae,
nicaeaaaaiuo eneonnoaii. oeaeue e “i?ia?aiia” eaaeao aia eciaiyaiie aaue
e aiinyony a iaa ianoa?ii. oi a i?e?iaeiuo aauao iie eiathony a iae a
oie ia?a, a eaeie aauue eiaao a naaa “ia/aei aeaeaeaiey”, o.a. niiniaiu
e naiiaeaeaeaieth.

A?ENOIOAEUe

I. Aeia?aoey

A?enoioaeue ?iaeeeny a Noaae?a ia naaa?a A?aoeee ai aoi?ie
iieiaeia 384 a. aei i.y. a naiuea i?eaeai?iiai a?a/a iaeaaeiineiai
oea?y Ieeiiaoa e Oanoeaeu.

Ainaiiaaeoeaoeeaoiei thiioae ii ioi?aaeeny a Aoeiu, /oiau
noaoue o/aieeii Aeaaeaiee Ieaoiia. Ii/oe aeaaaeoeaoue eao A?enoioaeue
niaa?oainoaiaae naia ia?aciaaiea a Aeaaeaiee.

Ii naeaeaoaeuenoao enoi?eeia, Ieaoii iacuaae aai “oiii” naiae
oeieu.

A 343 a. aei i.y. ii i?eiye ii/aoiia i?eaeaoaiea
iaeaaeiineiai oea?y Oeeeiia noaoue ainieoaoaeai aai
/aou?iaaeoeaoeeaoiaai nuia, aoaeouaai iieeiaiaeoea e
eiia?aoi?a Aeaenaiae?a Iaeaaeiineiai. Yoe caiyoey
i?iaeieaeaeenue o?e aiaea aei anooieaiey Aeaenaiae?a ia
i?anoie.

Iaoiaeynue iiae iie?iaeoaeuenoaii naiaai auaoaai
o/aieea, A?enoioaeue a 335 a. aei i.y. nicaeae a Aoeiao oeieo –
Eeeae, a eioi?ie ia?aae iiiai/eneaiiie aoaeeoi?eae eceaaae naia
o/aiea, iieaiece?oy n i?aaenoaaeoaeyie ae?oaeo oeeinioneeo oeie.

A oa/aiee o?eiaaeoeaoe eao A?enoioaeue ?oeiaiaeee naiae oeieie,
o/aieee e iineaaeiaaoaee eioi?ie noaee iacuaaoueny ia?eiaoaoeeaie
(ia?eiaoin – a?a/. aeoaeaeaiea; iacaaiea naycaii, aa?iyoii, n
i?iaoeeaie ii aeeayi Eeeay, ai a?aiy eioi?uo oeeinio aanaaeiaae n
o/aieeaie).

A 323 a. aei i.y. oia? iie?iaeoaeue A?enoioaey
Aeaenaiae? Iaeaaeiineee. A?enoioaey iaaeiytho a ia/anoee, e ii
auioaeaeai aaaeaoue ia Aaaath.

Oia? A?enoioaeue a 322 a. aei i.y. a ecaiaiee.

II. Iniiaiua ?aaiou

* O/aiea i auoee

“Iaoaoeceea” (I “ia?aie oeeinioee”),

“Oeceea”,

“I iaaa”,

“I aicieeiiaaiee e oie/oiaeaiee”

* Eiaeea

“Eaoaai?ee”,

“Ia enoieeiaaiee”,

“Ia?aay Aiaeeoeea”,

“Aoi?ay Aiaeeoeea”,”Oiieea”

* Ineoieiaey

“I aeooa”

* Yoeea

“Yoeea Ieeiiaoiaa”,

“Yoeea Yaaeaiiaa”,

“Aieueoay yoeea”

* O/aiea ia eneonnoaa

“Iiyoeea”,

“?eoi?eea”

* Iieeoe/aneea o/aiey

“Iieeoeea”

Enoi?ey

“Aoeineay iieeoey”

* Anoanoaaiiiiao/iua o?oaeu

“Iaoai?ieiaeea”,

“I /anoyo aeeaioiuo”,

“I i?ienoiaeaeaiee aeeaioiuo”,

“Enoi?ey aeeaioiuo”8

E?iia ni/eiaiee, aeioaaeoeo aei ian iieiinoueth (anee ia
aiai?eoue, ianeieueei iie ia?aaeatho ia?aiia/aeueiue oaeno),
nio?aieeenue o?aaiaiou aua iyoeaeanyoe n iaaieueoei ni/eiaiee.

Eceiaeei iniiaiua iieiaeaiey oeeinioee A?enoioaey.

Anee aaue aeaenoaeoaeueii nouanoaotho, oi iaiaoiaeeiui ia?acii
nouanoaotho e eaeae aauae; oae /oi aac eaeae aauue ia nouanoaoao eee
naia aauue inoaaony iaiiciaaaaiie. Iao i?eioeeieaeueiiai io?uaa
eaeae aaue io naiie aaue. Eaeay aaue iaoiaeeony aioo?e naiie aaue.
Eaeay aaue, aoaeo/e /ai-oi aaeeie/iui, eae aaeeie/ia e naia
aauue, a oi aea a?aiy yaeyaony e iaiauaieai anao /anoae aaue,
yaeyaony iaeie iauiinoueth. Iauiinoue aaue iaycaoaeueii
nouanoaoao e a eaaeaeie ioaeaeueiie aaue, e nouanoaoao eaaeaeue ?ac
ii-?aciiio; ii yoi cia/eo, /oi iauiinoue aaue ioaaouaaao ana
aa ?acaeaeueiua /anoe e iioiio yaeyaony oeaeinoiinoueth aaue.
Oeaeinoiinoue aaue, eiaaea n oaeaeaieai iaeiie /anoe aaue aeaiao e any
aauue, anoue i?aaieci aaue a ioee/ea io iaoaiecia aaue, eiaaea
aauue inoaaony oeaeinoiie, ianiio?y ie ia eaeia oaeaeaiea ioaeaeueiuo
aa /anoae e caiaio eo ae?oaeie /anoyie.

I?aaieci anoue oaeay oeaeinoiinoue aaue, eiaaea eiaaony iaeia
eee ianeieueei oaeeo /anoae, a eioi?uo oeaeinoiinoue i?enoonoaoao
noanoaioeeaeueii. *aou?aoi?eioeeiiay no?oeoo?a anyeie aaue,
eae i?aaiecia:

1. Yeaein (eaeay, eee oi?ia) aaue yaeyaony oaeie aa nouiinoueth,
eioi?ay iaoiaeeony a iae naiie, e aac eioi?ie aiiaua iaeuecy
iiiyoue, /oi oaeia aeaiiay aauue.

2. Iaoa?ey aaue anoue oieueei aua naiay aiciiaeiinoue aa ioi?ieaiey e
aiciiaeiinoue yoa – aaneiia/ii ?aciiia?aciay. Yeaein aaue ia anoue aa
iaoa?ey, a iaoa?ey aaue ia anoue aa yeaein. Iaoa?ey anoue oieueei
aiciiaeiinoue inouanoaeaiey yeaeina.

3. Anee aaue aeaeaeoony, a aeey aeaeaeaiey aeieaeia
nouanoaiaaoue eaeay-ieaoaeue ii?aaeaeaiiay i?e/eia aeaeaeaiey, oi yoi
cia/eo, /oi iaiaoiaeeii i?eciaoue iaeia naiiaeaeaeaiea,
iaeoth i?e/eio, eioi?ay yaeyaony i?e/eiie aeey naiie aea naay. A
auoee eiaaony naiiaeaeaeouay i?e/eia e yoa naiiaeaeaeiinoue oae eee
eia/a io?aaeaaony e a ?aaeueiie caaeneiinoe aeaeaeaiey iaeiie aaue
io aeaeaeaiey ae?oaie aaue.

4. Iaeuecy iuneeoue aeaeaeaiea a aano?aeoiii aeaea, oi anoue aac
oiai ?acoeueoaoa, eioi?ue iia aeaao. Aeaeaeaiea aaue iiae?acoiaaaao
oeaeue aeaeaeaiey – niaoeeoe/aneoth eaoaai?eth aaue, eioi?ay ia
anoue ie aa oi?ia, ie aa iaoa?ey, ie aa i?e/eia.

Ooaeiaeanoaaiii-oai?/aneee ia?aii?eioeei:

1. Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay ?ieue iaoa?ee – iaoa?ey ia i?inoi
ionoonoaea anyeeo oi?i, ii e aaneiia/iay oai?/aneay
aiciiaeiinoue. Iaoa?ey i?iyaeyao naay a aeaea oao eee eiuo
i?ino?ainoaaiiuo e a?aiaiiuo oi?i.

2. I?e?iaea eae i?iecaaaeaiea eneonnoaa – i?e?iaeiua aaue e
any i?e?iaea, acyoay a oeaeii, yaeyaony oie eee eiie niuneiaie
ea?oeiie.

3. Aeooa anoue ia /oi eiia, eae i?eioeei aeeaiai oaea. Aeooa –
noanoaioeey a ea/anoaa yeaeina oece/aneiai oaea, a iioaioeee
iaeaaeathuaai aeeciueth.

Ooaeiaeanoaaiii-oai?/aneee i?eioeei a aai caaa?oaiee:

1. Iiaeiaii oiio, eae anyeia iaoa?eaeueiia oaei anoue ia/oi,
oi anoue yaeyaony oai eee eiui yeaeinii, e iiaeiaii oiio, eae yeaein
aeeaiai oaea anoue i?eioeei aai aeecie, oi anoue aai aeooa, iiaeiaii
yoiio e anyeay aeooa, aeaeaeouay oaeii a oii eee ae?oaii
iai?aaeaiee, oiaea eiaao naie nianoaaiiue yeaein, iacuaaaiue Oiii,
oae /oi aeooa anoue yia?aey Oia.

2. Oi anoue yeaein anao yeaeinia.

3. Oi, ianiio?y ia anth naith naiaiaeo io /oanoaaiiie iaoa?ee,
niaea?aeeo naith nianoaaiioth /enoi oinoaaiioth iaoa?eth, aac
eioi?ie ii ia aue au ooaeiaeanoaaiiui i?iecaaaeaieai.

A?enoioaeue auaeaeioe nenoaio /aou?aoi?eioeeiiie
no?oeoo?u eaaeaeie aaue. Niaeanii yoie nenoaiu, aauue anoue
ai-ia?auo, iaoa?ey, ai-aoi?uo, oi?ia, a-o?aoueeo, aeaenoaothuay
i?e/eia, e, a-/aoaa?ouo, ii?aaeaeaiiay oeaeaniia?aciinoue, eee
eaaeaeay aauue anoue iaauanoaeaiiay oi?ia n i?e/eiii-oeaeaaui
iacia/aieai.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

Aioieiaey ie?iaie oeeinioee Iineaa , 1969a, o 1.

Aiaiiieia A.N. Aioe/iay oeeinioey Iineaa 1985a.

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