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Положительные и отрицательные стороны рыночной экономики

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Ainoaea?noaaiiue eiieoao ?inneeneie oaaea?aoeee ii aunoaio ia?aciaaieth

O?aeueneay ainoaea?noaaiiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey

Eaoaae?a «Yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee»

IIEIAEEOAEUeIUA E IO?EOeAOAEUeIUA

NOI?IIU ?UII*IIE YEIIIIEEE

I?aiiaeaaaoaeue: I.I.Oa?aaaaaa

Nooaeaio: A.A.Eunaiei

1997

NIAeA?AEAIEA

TOC \o “1-3” 1. AAAAeAIEA GOTOBUTTON _Toc378936327 PAGEREF
_Toc378936327 3

2. OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?UII*IIE YEIIIIEEE, NO?OEOO?A E IAOAIECI
OOIEOeEIIE?IAAIEss GOTOBUTTON _Toc378936328 PAGEREF _Toc378936328
4

3. IIEIAEEOAEUeIUA E IO?EOeAOAEUeIUA NOI?IIU ?UII*IIE YEIIIIEEE
GOTOBUTTON _Toc378936329 PAGEREF _Toc378936329 7

4. CAEETH*AIEA GOTOBUTTON _Toc378936330 PAGEREF _Toc378936330 24

5. AEAEEIA?AOE*ANEEE NIENIE GOTOBUTTON _Toc378936331 PAGEREF
_Toc378936331 26

AAAAeAIEA

Ethaia iauanoai aeey oaeiaeaoai?aiey iiiaiia?aciuo iio?aaiinoae /aeiaaea
noaeeeaaaony n ecaa/iie ooiaeaiaioaeueiie i?iaeaiie – i?iaeaiie
aaeaeaaoiiai, ?aoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey ia?aie/aiiuo, ?aaeeeo
?ano?nia. Niioaaonoaaiii iauanoao i?eoiaeeony aeaeaoue auai?: /oi, eae e
aeey eiai i?iecaiaeeoue. Ae?oaeie neiaaie, ?aoay aii?in, /oi
i?iecaiaeeoue, iaiaoiaeeii ii?aaeaeeoue, eaeea oiaa?u e oneoae
i?iecaiaeeoue e a eaeii iauaia. Aaaeii oaeaea ioeaieoue, i?eiaiaiea
eaeeo oaoiieiaee, iaoiaeia i?aaiecaoeee i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, eniieueciaaiey eaeeo ?ano?nia aeano iaeneiaeueiue
yeiiiie/aneee e nioeeaeueiue yooaeo. E?iia oiai, iauanoao iaiaoiaeeii
o/eouaaoue, eae aoaeao ?ani?aaeaeyoueny i?iecaaaeaiiay i?iaeoeoeey, a
cia/eo, eae aoaeao ?ani?aaeaeyoueny aeioiae, eae aoaeoo iaania/aiu ana
/eaiu iauanoaa, a oii /enea iao?oaeiniiniaiua, iaeieiouea e aac?aaioiua.

?ac?aoay yoe neiaeiua e iiiaia?aiiua i?iaeaiu, iauanoai noaaeo ia?aae
niaie oeaeue – iaania/eoue yeiiiie/aneee ?ino, iieioth caiyoinoue,
noaaeeueiinoue oeai, yeiiiie/aneoth naiaiaeo, ni?aaaaeeeaia
?ani?aaeaeaiea aeioiaea, nioeeaeueiua aa?aioee i?anoa?aeui, aieueiui,
iaeieiouei.

Aeaiiie ?aaioie noaaeony oeaeue aiaeeca ianeieueei oniaoii ?uii/iay
nenoaia iiaeao aeinoeaaoue iinoaaeaiiua ia?aae iae oeaee. Aeey auyniaiey
iieiaeeoaeueiuo e io?eoeaoaeueiuo noi?ii ?uii/iie yeiiiieee aiaeec
iiaeii iino?ieoue a eiaeea nenoaiaoe/aneiai ooi/iaiey: io iauaai e
/anoiiio. Oaeei ia?acii, aeey aeinoeaeaiey iinoaaeaiiie oeaee aiaeeca
iaiaoiaeeii ?aoeoue neaaeothuea caaea/e:

?anniio?aoue ii?aaeaeaiea, iniiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee ?uii/iie yeiiiieee,
auyaeoue aa iniiaiua no?oeoo?iua yeaiaiou;

caoeene?iaaoue iieiaeeoaeueiua e io?eoeaoaeueiua noi?iiu;

iineaaeiaaoaeueii i?iaiaeece?iaaoue niaea?aeaiea iieiaeeoaeueiuo e
io?eoeaoaeueiuo noi?ii ?uii/iie yeiiiieee.

OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?UII*IIE YEIIIIEEE, NO?OEOO?A E IAOAIECI
OOIEOeEIIE?IAAIEss

Iiae ?uii/iie yeiiiieeie iiieiatho oaeoth yeiiiieeo, a eioi?ie
yeiiiie/aneea ?aoaiey i?eieiathony a iniiaiii aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiui
iooai. Ooieoeeiie?iaaiea ?uii/iie yeiiiieee inouanoaeyaony aeaaiui
ia?acii /a?ac ?uiie. Nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai ii?aaeaeaiee ?uiea, ii ana
iie naiaeyony e oiio, /oi ii yaeyaony oi?iie acaeiiioiioaiee iaaeaeo
ioaeaeueiuie naiinoiyoaeueii i?eieiathueie ?aoaiey oicyenoaothueie
noauaeoaie.

Niaa?oaiiui ?uieii n/eoaaony oio, ia eioi?ii onoaiaaeeaaaony iaeia e oa
aea oeaia ia iaeei e oio aea i?iaeoeo a iaeii e oi aea a?aiy. Eiaaea yoi
iiaeao auoue? Ii iiaieth iiiaee aia?eeaineeo yeiiiienoia, a /anoiinoe
Neeueaa?iaia, aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeiu neaaeothuea oneiaey:

aieueoie e ?aaoey?iue ni?in;

iaia?aie/aiiia eiee/anoai o/anoieeia oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe;

aaniethoiay iiaeeueiinoue oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa;

naiaiaeiay eiieo?aioeey n?aaee iieoiaoaeae e i?iaeaaoeia;

iaee/ea anaai iauaia eioi?iaoeee o o/anoieeia eiieo?aioeee.

Iineieueeo ia anaaaea eiatho ianoi iacaaiiua oneiaey, oi e niaa?oaiiiai
?uiea oiaea iao, a aeaenoaoao eiieo?aioiue ?uiie. Aeey aai
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey o?aaoaony i?aaeaea anaai ?aaeecaoeey iiiaiia?aciuo
oi?i nianoaaiiinoe (/anoiie, eiiia?aoeaiie, aeoeeiia?iie,
ainoaea?noaaiiie e ae?.) e nicaeaiea ?uii/iie eio?ano?oeoo?u. Iineaaeiyy
aeeth/aao o?e iniiaiuo yeaiaioa: ?uiie oiaa?ia e oneoa, ?uiie oaeoi?ia
i?iecaiaenoaa, oeiainiaue ?uiie.

?uiie oiaa?ia e oneoa o?aaoao nicaeaiey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey 1) oiaa?iuo
ae?ae, 2) iioiaie e ?icie/iie oi?aiaee, 3) ia?eaoeiaiauo i?aaiecaoeee.

?uiie oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa i?aaeiieaaaao eoieth e i?iaeaaeo oaeeo
oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa eae caiey, o?oae, eaieoae. Iiae caieae iiieiaaony
ia oieueei iaiin?aaenoaaiii naia caiey, eioi?ay eniieuecoaony oa?ia?aie
e i?aaei?eieiaoaeyie, ii e aeiauaaaiia ec iaae? caiee eee aea
«nieiaaiia» n caiee nu?uea, iai?eia?, oeiiie. O?oae o?aeooaony eae
oneoae anao ?aaioathueo, aeeth/ay oneoae iaeaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ?aai/eo,
i?aaei?eieiaoaeae, oi?aaeythueo e ?oeiaiaeeoaeae oe?i. Aaaeiaeoei
eino?oiaioii aeaiiiai ?uiea yaeyaony ae?aea o?oaea, aaea
iaiin?aaenoaaiii oi?ie?oaony ni?in ia ?aai/oth neeo ?acee/iiai aeaea e
aa i?aaeeiaeaiea. Ae?aea o?oaea io?aaeaao oaeaea aanue ?aca?a ?aai/ae
neeu, caieiaaony iiaeaioiaeie e ia?aiiaeaioiaeie aac?aaioiuo,
i?aaiecaoeeae iauanoaaiiuo ?aaio. Oaeie oaeoi? i?iecaiaenoaa, eae
eaieoae, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa, caeaiey,
nii?oaeaiey, noaiee, iai?oaeiaaiea, a oaeaea aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa,
o?aaothueany aeey i?eia?aoaiey n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa. E oaeoi?ai
i?iecaiaenoaa ioiinyo oaeaea e i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneee oaeaio, eioi?ui
iaeaaeaao /aeiaae, i?aaiecothuee i?iecaiaenoai oiaa?ia e oneoa,
i?eieiathuee ?aoaiey ii iiaiaeo oiai, eaeea oiaa?u eee oneoae
i?iecaiaeeoue e eae, aa?ouee ia naay ?ene, aiaae?ythuee iiaoth oaoieeo,
oaoiieiaeth, eiiiaaoeeiiiua iaoiaeu i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa, iiaua
oiaa?u.

Oeiainiaue, eee aeaiaaeiue ?uiie – yoi ?uiie io?aaeathuee ni?in e
i?aaeeiaeaiea oeiainiauo n?aaenoa, o.a. aeaiaa, iaeeaaoeee, aeoeee. Ia
oeiainiaii ?uiea eiaeeaeaeooiu e o/?aaeaeaiey caieiatho e i?aaeeaaatho a
caai aeaiueae. Iau/ii oeiainiaue ?uiie i?aaeiieaaaao ooieoeeiie?iaaiea
oiiaeiauo, aaethoiuo ae?ae.

Ana yoe o?e ?uiea i?aaie/anee acaeiinaycaiu e aicaeaenoaotho ae?oa ia
ae?oaa. Anee iie iaoiaeyony a ?aaiiaanee, oi e ai anae yeiiiieea
ianooiaao iae?iyeiiiie/aneia iauaa ?aaiiaanea. Eiaaea aea eiaao ianoi?
Oiaaea, eiaaea a ?acoeueoaoa acaeiiaeaenoaey ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey ia
?uiea oiaa?ia e oneoa onoaiaaeeaaaony ?aaiiaaniue o?iaaiue iauaia
i?iaeoeoeee e oeai, ia ?uiea oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa – ?aaiiaanea
eniieueciaaiiuo oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa e ecaea?aeae ia ieo, a ia ?uiea
eaieoaeia – ?aaiiaaniue o?iaaiue nnoaeiiai i?ioeaioa.

Yoe iniiaiua o?e aeaea ?uieia iiae?acaeaeythony ia ?acee/iua ?uii/iua
naaiaiou. ?uiie a oeaeii oa?aeoa?ecoaony neiaeiie no?oeoo?ie. Aai
eeanneoeoee?otho ii ?acee/iui e?eoa?eyi:

ii yeiiiie/aneiio iacia/aieth iauaeoia ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee – ?uiie
iio?aaeoaeueneeo oiaa?ia e oneoa, ?uiie oiaa?ia i?iiuoeaiiiai
iacia/aiey, ?uiie i?iiaaeooi/iuo oiaa?ia, ?uiie iio-oao, nu?ueaaie
?uiie, ?uiie o?oaea, ?uiie oeaiiuo aoiaa, oaiaaie ?uiie, ?uiie
aoi?e/iiai nu?uey e o.ae.;

ii aaia?aoe/aneiio iieiaeaieth – ianoiue, iaoeeiiaeueiue, ie?iaie;

ii noaiaie ia?aie/aiey eiieo?aioeee – iiiiiieenoe/aneee,
ieeaiiieenoe/aneee, iiiiiniienoe/aneee, naiaiaeiue, niaoaiiue;

ii io?aneyi – aaoiiiaeeueiue, eiiiuethoa?iue, iaooyiie e o.ae.;

ii oa?aeoa?o i?iaeaae – iioiaue, ?icie/iue.

Eae ?aaioaao ?uiie, eae ?aoaao ii iniiaiua yeiiiie/aneea caaea/e? Aaaeue
ieeeeiiu iio?aaeoaeae i?eieiatho naiinoiyoaeueiua ?aoaiey, eaeea oiaa?u
e a eaeii eiee/anoaa iieoiaoue, ia?iiiia /enei i?aaei?eieiaoaeae – /oi e
eae i?iecaiaeeoue, a aeaaeaeueoeu oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa aeaeatho naie
naiaiaeiue auai? – eiio e eae eo i?iaeaoue. Ana yoe noauaeou oanii
naycaiu /a?ac ?uiie.

Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua ?aoaiey o/anoieeia ?uiea iioeae?iaaiu nianoaaiiui
/anoiui eioa?anii e aiana ia iai?aaeaiu ia oi, /oiau oniaoii
ooieoeeiie?iaaea yeiiiieea a oeaeii. Eii?aeeiaoeeth aea anao iacaaeneii
i?eieiaaiuo ?aoaiee inouanoaeyao ?uii/iue iaoaieci. Ii iaania/eaaao eae
aeiaaaeaiea ?aoaiee ioaeaeueiuo oicyenoaothueo noauaeoia ae?oa ae?oao,
oae e oayceo yoeo ?aoaiee /a?ac nenoaio oeai e eiieo?aioeeth. ?uii/iue
iaoaieci n?aaieaatho n iai?a?uaiui ?aoa?aiaeoiii, a eioi?ii «noaa?aiiua»
iio?aaeoaee «aieinotho» naieie yeiiiie/aneeie ?aoaieyie a iieueco
ii?aaeaeaiiiai «eaiaeeaeaoa» – oiai eee eiiai oiaa?a. ?uii/iue iaoaieci
iaaiaeeo ii?yaeie a iioaioeeaeueiii oaina i?aaeaea anaai /a?ac oeaiu.
Oeaiu aunooiatho neaiaeii, aeathuei eioi?iaoeeth ia oneiaeyo ia ?uiea
eae aeey iio?aaeoaeae, oae e aeey i?iecaiaeeoaeae. Iie neoaeao iayeii,
ii eioi?iio oicyenoaothuea noauaeou iiaoo «naa?youe» naie auai?,
i?aneaaeoy /anoiue eioa?an. *a?ac oeaiu noiie?othony e aaeaine?othony
aan/eneaiiua eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua yeiiiie/aneea ?aoaiey. Ii iiaieth
caiaaeiuo yeiiiienoia, a ?uii/iie yeiiiieea oeaiu aunooiatho
i?aaiecothuae neeie.

Aaaeioth ?ieue a ?uii/iii iaoaiecia ea?aao eiieo?aioeey. Iia
naea?aeeaaao /anoe/iua eioa?anu. Iai?aaeyao eo ia i?iecaiaenoai
iauanoaaiii iaiaoiaeeiuo oiaa?ia. Eiieo?aioeey iai?aiaiii i?eaiaeeo e
oiio, /oi ia?aie/aiiua ?ano?nu eniieuecothony aieaa iieii e yooaeoeaii.
Iie ono?aieythony a oa io?anee, eioi?ua i?iecaiaeyo iaiaoiaeeioth aeey
iio?aaeoaey e ?aioaaaeueioth aeey oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaey i?iaeoeoeeth.
Ia?aioaaaeueiua aea i?aaei?eyoey eeoathony aiciiaeiinoe iieo/aoue
?aaeeea ?ano?nu. Eiieo?aioeeth iacuaatho iniiaiie ?aaoee?othuae e
eiio?iee?othuae neeie a ?uii/iie yeiiiieea.

IIEIAEEOAEUeIUA E IO?EOeAOAEUeIUA NOI?IIU ?UII*IIE YEIIIIEEE

I?aaeaea /ai ?ane?uaaoue iniaaiiinoe, iieiaeeoaeueiua eeai
io?eoeaoaeueiua, naienoaaiiua ?uii/iiio oeio i?aaiecaoeee yeiiiie/aneeo
ioiioaiee iauanoaa iaiaoiaeeii ?anniio?aoue iniiaioth i?iaeaio yeiiiiee,
eioi?oth i?ecaaia ?aoaoue ethaay yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia.

Aeaa ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo oaeoa, ia?acotho iniiaioth i?iaeaio yeiiiieee.
Ia?aue oaeo oaeia: iaoa?eaeueiua iio?aaiinoe iauanoaa aaca?aie/iu.
Aoi?ie oaeo: yeiiiie/aneea ?ano?nu ia?aie/aiu, eee ?aaeee.

Iiiuoaainy iiae?iaiae enneaaeiaaoue yoe oaeou a oii ii?yaeea, eae iie
iacaaiu. *oi eiaiii iiae?acoiaaaaony iiae iiiyoeai «iaoa?eaeueiua
iio?aaiinoe» a ia?aii neo/aa? I?aaeaea anaai aeaeaiey iio?aaeoaeae
i?eia?anoe e eniieueciaaoue oiaa?u e oneoae, eioi?ua aeinoaaeytho ei
iieaciinoue, eoaea aoiaeeo aan/eneaiiia iiiaeanoai oneoa e i?iaeoeoia io
i?aaeiaoia ia?aie iaiaoiaeeiinoe aei i?aaeiaoia ?ineioe. Iaoa?eaeueiua
iio?aaiinoe aeeth/atho oaeaea iio?aaiinoe /anoiuo i?aaei?eyoee e
i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuo aaaeiinoa. A naiae niaieoiiinoe iaoa?eaeueiua
iio?aaiinoe a i?aeoe/aneii niunea iaooieeiu eee aaca?aie/iu, a yoi
icia/aao, /oi iaoa?eaeueiua iio?aaiinoe a oiaa?ao e oneoaao iieiinoueth
oaeiaeaoai?eoue iaaiciiaeii. A iauai iiaeii neacaoue, /oi a eaaeaeue
aeaiiue iiiaio eiaeeaeaeu e einoeooou, ninoaaeythuea iauanoai,
eniuouaatho iiiaeanoai iaoaeiaeaoai?aiiuo iaoa?eaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae.
Iaeioi?ua ec yoeo iio?aaiinoae – ieua, iaeaaeaea, aeeeuea – eiatho iauaa
ec aeieiae/aneeo iio?aaiinoae /aeiaaea. Iaeiaei ae?oaea aicieeatho iiae
aeeyieai neiaeeaoeony a iauanoaa iau/aaa e i?eau/ae: niaoeeoe/aneea
aeaeu ieue, iaeaaeaeu, aeeeuey, eioi?ua ethaee no?aiyony i?eia?aoaoue,
/anoi ii?aaeaeyaony iauae nioeeaeueiie e eoeueoo?iie n?aaeie iaeoaiey. N
oa/aieai a?aiaie iio?aaiinoe eciaiythony e oiiiaeathony a ?acoeueoaoa
oaeiaeaoai?aiey iaeaieaa aeoaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae, niaiyaiuo iiauie
iio?aaiinoyie n iiyaeaieai iiauo ecaeaeee e iiae aicaeaenoaeai ?aeeaiu e
i?iaeaeaeaiey oiaa?ia. Neaaeoao iiae/a?eiooue, /oi eiia/iay oeaeue eee
caaea/a anae yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe caeeth/aaony a no?aieaiee
oaeiaeaoai?eoue yoe iiiaiia?aciua iaoa?eaeueiua iio?aaiinoe.

?anniio?ei oaia?ue aoi?ie ooiaeaiaioaeueiue oaeo: ?aaeeinoue
yeiiiie/aneeo ?ano?nia. *oi iiae?acoiaaaaony iiae iiiyoeai
«yeiiiie/aneea ?ano?nu»? A iauai, a aeaeo eiathony ana i?e?iaeiua,
ethaeneea e i?iecaaaeaiiua /aeiaaeii ?ano?nu, eioi?ua eniieuecothony
aeey i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?ia e oneoa. Ana yoi aeeth/aao aieueoie e?oa
iauaeoia: oaa?e/iua e naeueneioicyenoaaiiua no?iaiey, anyeiai ?iaea
iai?oaeiaaiea, eino?oiaiou, o?ainii?o, aan/eneaiiua aeaeu o?oaea,
caieth, iieaciua eneiiaaiua e o.ae. A i?inoaeoae eeanneoeeaoeee ?ano?nia
iiaoo auoue auaeaeaiu aeaa iniiaiua eaoaai?ee:

iaoa?eaeueiua ?ano?nu – caiey, eee nu?ueaaua iaoa?eaeu, e eaieoae;

ethaeneea ?ano?nu – o?oae e i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay niiniaiinoue.

Ana yeiiiie/aneea ?ano?nu, eee oaeoi?u i?iecaiaenoaa, iaeaaeatho iaeiei
iauei ei?aiiui naienoaii: iie ?aaeee eee eiathony a ia?aie/aiiii
eiee/anoaa. ?aaii eae iaoioiua caiee, iieaciua eneiiaaiua, aiaea,
aicaeoo, oae e eaieoaeueiia iai?oaeiaaiea e ?aai/ay neea – eo iaee/ea
ia?aie/aii ii?aaeaeaiiui i?aaeaeii. Aneaaenoaea ?aaeeinoe
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ?ano?nia e i?aaeaea, eioi?ue eo ?aaeeinoue noaaeo
ia?aae i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth, nai ii naaa iauai
i?iecaiaenoaa ii iaiaoiaeeiinoe ia?aie/ai. Oaeei ia?acii, iauanoai ia
niiniaii i?iecaiaeeoue aanue iauai oiaa?ia e oneoa, eioi?ue iii oioaei
au iieo/eoue.

Noaiiaeony i/aaeaeiui, /oi yeiiiieea noaeeeaaaony n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth
auai?a iaaeaeo aeueoa?iaoeaaie? I?e anae aaca?aie/iinoe iio?aaiinoae,
iauai eiathueony ?ano?nia, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue iai?aaeaiu ia
i?iecaiaenoai oiai eee eiiai i?iaeoeoa, ia?aie/ai. Aeaiiia iieiaeaiea
iiaeii i?ieeethno?e?iaaoue ia e?eaie i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo aiciiaeiinoae
eeanne/aneei i?eia?ii ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?ano?nia, iai?aaeyaiuo ia
i?iecaiaenoai iooae e ianea, i?e aeiiouaiee iieiie caiyoinoe ?ano?nia.

Aeey aeaeueiaeoaai aiaeeca iniaaiiinoae ?uii/iie i?aaiecaoeee iauanoaa
iaiaoiaeeii eiie?aoece?iaaoue aeueoa?iaoeau, auoaeathuea ec
i?ioeai?a/ey, eeethno?e?oaiiai e?eaie i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo aiciiaeiinoae.
Iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue iyoue ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo aii?inia, ia eioi?ua
eaaeaeay yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia aeieaeia iaoiaeeoue ioaao.

Neieueei neaaeoao i?iecaiaeeoue? A eaeii iauaia eee eaeoth /anoue
eiathueony ?ano?nia ioaeii caiyoue eee eniieueciaaoue a
i?iecaiaenoaaiiii i?ioeanna?

*oi neaaeoao i?iecaiaeeoue? Eaeie iaai? oiaa?ia e oneoa iaeaieaa iieii
oaeiaeaoai?eo iaoa?eaeueiua iio?aaiinoe iauanoaa?

Eae yoo i?iaeoeoeeth neaaeoao i?iecaiaeeoue? Eae aeieaeii auoue
i?aaieciaaii i?iecaiaenoai? Eaeea oe?iu aeieaeiu inouanoaeyoue
i?iecaiaenoai e eaeoth i?eiaiyoue oaoiieiaeth?

Eoi aeieaeai iieo/eoue yoo i?iaeoeoeeth? A /anoiinoe, eae aeieaeia
?ani?aaeaeyoueny i?iaeoeoeey iaaeaeo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie iio?aaeoaeyie?

Niiniaia ee nenoaia aaeaioe?iaaoueny e eciaiaieyi? Iiaeao ee nenoaia
aeiaeoueny iaaeeaaeaueo ei??aeoeee a nayce n eciaiaieyie a
iio?aaeoaeueneii ni?ina, a iinoaaeao ?ano?nia e a oaoiieiaee
i?iecaiaenoaa?

I?aaenoaaeyao ee niaie ?uii/iay yeiiiieea iaeeo/oee niinia iaoiaeaeaiey
ioaaoia ia iinoaaeaiiua auoa aii?inu, ooiaeaiaioaeueiua aeey
yeiiiie/aneie i?aaiecaoeee ethaiai iauanoaa? Aeey ioaaoa ?anniio?ei
iniiaiua iieiaeeoaeueiua e io?eoeaoaeueiua noi?iiu ?uii/iie yeiiiieee.

E i?aeiouanoaai ?uiea ioiinyo:

Yooaeoeaiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea ?ano?nia – ?uiie iai?aaeyao ?ano?nu ia
i?iecaiaenoai iaiaoiaeeiuo iauanoao oiaa?ia. Iniiaiie yeiiiie/aneee
a?aoiaio a iieueco ?uii/iie yeiiiieee ninoieo a oii, /oi iia
niinianoaoao yooaeoeaiiio ?ani?aaeaeaieth ?ano?nia. Niaeanii yoiio
oaceno, eiieo?aioiay ?uii/iay nenoaia iai?aaeyao ?ano?nu a i?iecaiaenoai
oao oiaa?ia e oneoa, a eioi?uo iauanoai aieueoa anaai ioaeaeaaony. Iia
aeeeooao i?eiaiaiea iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiuo iaoiaeia eiiaeie?iaaiey
?ano?nia aeey i?iecaiaenoaa e niinianoaoao ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aieth
iiauo yooaeoeaiuo oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa. «Iaaeaeeiay ?oea» ?uiea,
oaeei ia?acii, oi?aaeyao ee/iie auaiaeie, /oi iia iaania/eaaao iauanoai
i?iecaiaenoaii iaeaieueoaai eiee/anoaa iaiaoiaeeiuo oiaa?ia ec
eiathueony ?ano?nia. Yoi, neaaeiaaoaeueii, i?aaeiieaaaao iaeneiaeueioth
?uii/ioth yooaeoeaiinoue.

?anniio?ei iiae?iaiae, eaeei ia?acii a ?uii/iie yeiiiieea ?aoaaony
aii?in i oii, eaeea aeaeu oiaa?ia e a eaeii eiee/anoaa neaaeoao
i?iecaiaeeoue? Iaiyooy, /oi i?aaei?eyoey ?oeiaiaenoaothony iioeaii
iieo/aiey i?eauee e iaaeiiouaiey oauoeia, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi
i?iecaiaeeoueny aoaeoo eeoue oa oiaa?u. I?iecaiaenoai eioi?uo iiaeao
i?eianoe i?eaueue, a oa oiaa?u, i?iecaiaenoai eioi?uo aea/ao ca niaie
oauoee, auioneaoue ia aoaeoo. A /oi i?aaeii?aaeaeyao iieo/aiea i?eauee
eee aa ionoonoaea? Caeanue iiaeii auaeaeeoue aeaa aaue:

Iauee aeioiae, eioi?ue oe?ia iieo/aao io i?iaeaaee naiaai i?iaeoeoa;

Iauea ecaea?aeee aai i?iecaiaenoaa.

Eae iauee aeioiae, oae e iauea ecaea?aeee – yoi aaee/eiu, ia?acoaiua
niioiioaieai «oeaiu-a?aiy-eiee/anoai i?iaeoeoa». Iauee aeioiae
en/eneyaony oiiiaeaieai oeaiu i?iaeoeoa ia eiee/anoai i?iaeaiiiai
i?iaeoeoa. Iauea ecaea?aeee en/eneythony oiiiaeaieai oeaiu eaaeaeiai
?ano?na ia eiee/anoai eniieueciaaiiiai a i?iecaiaenoaa, a caoai
noiie?iaaieai cao?ao ia eaaeaeue ?ano?n.

Ooaa?aeaeaiea, /oi aoaeoo i?iecaiaeeoueny oieueei i?eiinyuea i?eaueue
i?iaeoeou e ia aoaeoo i?iecaiaeeoueny ia i?eiinyuea i?eaueue,
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie i?aaeeueiia iaiauaiea oieueei a oii neo/aa. Anee
niaa?oaiiie ynii niaea?aeaiea iiiyoey «yeiiiie/aneea ecaea?aeee». *oiau
oynieoue ana cia/aiey iiiyoey «ecaea?aeee», iaiaoiaeeii i?aaenoaaeoue
i?aaei?eyoey a aeaea i?inouo i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo noai, ioaeaeaynue io
eiie?aoiuo oaeoi?ia – eaieoaea, nu?uey, ?aai/ae neeu e
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie niiniaiinoe, – eioi?ua oieueei e aeaeatho eo
aeaenoaothueie i?aaei?eyoeyie. *oiau noaoue aeaenoaeoaeueii
i?iecaiaeyueie oe?iaie, yoe i?aaei?eyoey aeieaeiu iaania/eoue naay anaie
/aou?ueiy oeacaiiuie aeaeaie ?ano?nia. Yeiiiie/aneea ecaea?aeee – yoi
ieaoaaee, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeii i?iecaanoe, /oiau i?eia?anoe e nio?aieoue
a naiai ?anii?yaeaiee ioaeiua eiee/anoaa yoeo ?ano?nia. Cao?aou ia
eaaeaeoth aaeeieoeo yoeo ?ano?nia, oi anoue oeaia ?ano?nia,
ii?aaeaeythony niioiioaieai i?aaeeiaeaiey e ni?ina ia ?ano?niii ?uiea.
Caeanue neaaeoao iniai iiae/a?eiooue, /oi i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay
niiniaiinoue – iiaeiaii caiea, o?oaeo e eaieoaeo – yoi oaeie aea ?aaeeee
?ano?n e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, eiaao naith oeaio. Iiyoiio a ecaea?aeee
i?iecaiaenoaa aeieaeiu aoiaeeoue ia oieueei ca?aaioiay ieaoa,
aeaeiaaiea, i?ioeaio ca eaieoae e ?aioiua ieaoaaee ca caieth, ii oaeaea
e ieaoaaee i?aaei?eieiaoaeth ca auiieiyaiua ei ooieoeee i?aaiecaoeee
i?iecaiaenoaa eaeiai-eeai oiaa?a e niaaeeiaiey anao ae?oaeo ?ano?nia a
i?ioeanna yoiai i?iecaiaenoaa. Ieaoa ca auiieiaiea yoeo ooieoeee
i?aaei?eieiaoaeai iacuaaaony ii?iaeueiie i?eaueueth. Neaaeiaaoaeueii,
i?iaeoeo aoaeao i?iecaiaeeoueny eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea iauee aeioiae io
aai i?iaeaaee aeinoaoi/ii aaeee, /oiau iiaeii auei auieaoeoue
ca?aaioioth ieaoo, i?ioeaio, ?aioo e ii?iaeueioth i?eaueue.

Neaaeoao iniai iiae/a?eiooue ?ieue iio?aaeoaeueneiai ni?ina a
ii?aaeaeaiee aeaeia e eiee/anoaa i?iecaiaeeiuo i?iaeoeoia. Iio?aaeoaee,
ia iiaeaa?aeaiiua i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiui ia?aie/aieyi e iaeaaeathuea
aeaiaaeiui aeioiaeii io ?aaeecaoeee ?ano?nia ?anoiaeotho naie aeieea?u
ia oa oiaa?u, eioi?ua iie aeaaiui ia?acii oioyo e a ninoiyiee iieoiaoue.
Yoe ?anoiaeu oaeoe/anee i?aaenoaaeytho niaie aieiniaaiea aeieea?ii,
iin?aaenoaii eioi?iai iio?aaeoaee aeaeea?e?otho naie iio?aaiinoe,
i?aaeuyaeyy ni?in ia ?uiea i?iaeoeoia. Anee iaae?aaony aeinoaoi/iia
eiee/anoai oaeeo «aieinia», i?aaei?eyoey aioiau i?iecaiaeeoue aeaiiue
i?iaeoeo. Oaaee/aiea iio?aaeoaeueneiai ni?ina, oi anoue oaaee/aiea /enea
«aeieea?iauo aieinia», iiaeaiiuo ca i?iaeoeo, icia/aao yeiiiie/aneoth
i?eaueue aeey io?anee, i?iecaiaeyuae yoio i?iaeoeo. Oaeea i?eauee
neoaeao neaiaeii aeey ?anoe?aiey yoie io?anee e oaaee/aiey i?iecaiaenoaa
aa i?iaeoeoa. E iaiai?io, nie?auaiea iio?aaeoaeueneiai ni?ina, oi anoue
iaiueoaa /enei «aieinia», iiaeaiiuo ca i?iaeoeo, i?eaiaeeo e oauoeai e
ni a?aiaiai e nie?auaieth iiiaaoae a o?oaeiia iieiaeaiea io?anee. Ii
ia?a auoiaea oe?i ec io?anee i?iecaiaenoai i?iaeoeoa oiaiueoaaony. Ii
nouanoao, io?aneue aiiaua iiaeao i?ae?aoeoue naia nouanoaiaaiea. Ei?i/a,
«aeieea?iaua aieina» iio?aaeoaeae ea?atho eeth/aaoth ?ieue a ?aoaiee
aii?ina i oii, eaeea i?iaeoeou noaioo i?iecaiaeeoue aeiaeaathueany
i?eaueae i?aaei?eyoey.

Naiaiaea auai?a e aeaenoaee iio?aaeoaeae e i?aaei?eieiaoaeae. ?uii/iay
nenoaia /aoei auyaeyao cia/aiea naiaiaeu i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa e auai?a.
Iio?aaeoaee naiaiaeiu iieoiaoue oi, /oi iie i?aaeii/eoatho; i?aaei?eyoey
– i?iecaiaeeoue e i?iaeaaaoue oi, /oi iie n/eoatho oeaeaniia?aciui;
iinoaaueee ?ano?nia iiaoo ii nianoaaiiiio auai?o iaoiaeeoue ianoi
i?eeiaeaiey eiathueiny o ieo iaoa?eaeueiui e ethaeneei ?ano?nai. Iiaeii
ii?aaeaoueny, ii/aio yeiiiieea ia iiiaaeaao a ninoiyiea iieiiai oaina.
Eiaaea iio?aaeoaee o?aaotho eoeo?ociua oeiiuey, i?aaei?eyoey
i?aaeii/eoatho i?iecaiaeeoue nii?oeaioth iaoaue, a iinoaaueee ?ano?nia
oioyo i?aaeeiaeeoue naie oneoae aeey ?ac?aaioee n?aaenoa i?ia?aiiiiai
iaania/aiey eiiiuethoa?ia, aanue i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa, eacaeinue au,
aeieaeai caeoe a ooiee aneaaenoaea yaiie ianiaeaniaaiiinoe yoeo
naiaiaeii eca?aiiuo ?aoaiee.

Iaeiaei, aeaa ae?oaea /a?ou ?uii/iie yeiiiieee – nenoaia ?uieia e iiuiue
oaeoi? eiieo?aioeee – iaania/eaatho eii?aeeie?othuea e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua
iaoaieciu, eioi?ua eneeth/atho iioaioeeaeueiue oain, eaeie iiaee au
ii?iaeeoue naiaiaea i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa e auai?a.

Eae ieacuaaaony, /oi n oi/ee c?aiey i?aaei?eyoee, iie ia nianai
«naiaiaeiu» i?iecaiaeeoue oi, /oi iie aeaeatho. Iio?aaeoaeueneea ?aoaiey
i ni?ina, iaoneaaeeaathuea i?eaueueiinoue iaeieo i?iaeoeoia e
oauoi/iinoue ae?oaeo, ia?aie/eaatho naiaiaeiue auai? oe?i ie ?aoaiee
aii?ina i oii, /oi i?iecaiaeeoue. I?aaei?eyoey aeieaeiu niaeaniaaoue
naie auai? i?iaeoeoa aeey i?iecaiaenoaa n auai?ii iio?aaeoaeae eee
iiianoe ea?o a aeaea oauoeia eee aeaaea aaie?ionoaa.

A aieueoie ia?a yoi ni?aaaaeeeai oaeaea e a ioiioaiee iinoaaueeia
?ano?nia. Ni?in ia ?ano?nu – yoi i?iecaiaeiue ni?in, oi anoue
i?iecaiaeiue io ni?ina ia oiaa?u e oneoae, i?iecaiaenoao eioi?uo ioaeiu
?ano?nu. Ni?in ia ?aai/eo-aaoino?ieoaeae nouanoaoao oieueei iioiio, /oi
anoue ni?in ia aaoiiiaeee. A aieaa iauai ieaia i/aaeaeii, /oi a
no?aieaiee iaeneiece?iaaoue aeioiae io i?iaeaaee naieo ethaeneeo e
iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia iinoaaueee ?ano?nia auioaeaeaiu neaaeiaaoue
o?aaiaaieyi ?uii/iie nenoaiu e aeaeaoue naie auai?, ?oeiaiaenoaoynue
iio?aaeoaeueneei ni?inii. Iineieueeo oieueei oa oe?iu, eioi?ua
i?iecaiaeyo oiaa?u, iieuecothueany ni?inii iio?aaeoaeae, iiaoo ?aaioaoue
n i?eaueueth, iineieueeo eiaiii yoe oe?iu i?aaeuyaeytho ni?in ia
?ano?nu. Iinoaaueee ?ano?nia ioithaeue ia «naiaiaeiu» iai?aaeyoue naie
?ano?nu ia i?iecaiaenoai oiaa?ia, eioi?ua aeaeaei ia oaeiaeaoai?ytho
iio?aaeoaeae. I?e/eia caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi ia iiaoo nouanoaiaaoue
oe?iu, i?iecaiaeyuea eiaiii oaeea oiaa?u, oae eae iio?aaeoaeueneee ni?in
ia ieo iaaeinoaoi/ii aunie, /oiau naeaeaoue eo i?iecaiaenoai
i?eaueueiui. Ei?i/a, iio?aaeoaee aeaiiino?e?otho naie i?aaeii/oaiey a
oi?ia ni?ina, i?aaeuyaeyaiiai ia ?uiea i?iaeoeoia, a i?iecaiaeeoaee e
iinoaaueee ?ano?nia niioaaonoaaiii ?aaae?otho ia ni?in, /oiau
iaania/eoue naie aeeciaiiua eioa?anu. ?uii/iay nenoaia ia?aaeaao
aeaeaiey iio?aaeoaeae i?aaei?eyoeyi e iinoaaueeai ?ano?nia e aeiaeaaaony
io ieo iaaeeaaeauaai ioaaoa.

Niiniaiinoue e oaeiaeaoai?aieth ?aciiia?aciuo iio?aaiinoae, iiauoaieth
ea/anoaa oiaa?ia e oneoa, oaiaeaioeey e nieaeaieth oeai. *oiau
iiaeaea?aeeaaoue aunieoth i?eaueueiinoue e eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue naiae
i?iaeoeoeee oe?iu no?aiyony ?anoe?youe anni?oeiaio, iiauoaoue ea/anoai
naieo oiaa?ia. Oaeei ia?acii i?iecaiaeeoaee iuoathony i?eaea/ue
«aeieea?iaua aieina» iioaioeeaeueiuo iio?aaeoaeae. A iiaiia ca
oaeiaeaoai?aieai iinoiyiii aic?anoathueo e eciaiythueony iio?aaiinoae
iauanoaa i?aaei?eieiaoaee aeieaeiu iouneeaaoue ana iiaua e iiaua niiniau
oaeiaeaoai?aiey yoeo iio?aaiinoae. A yoie aiiea ia ?uiie auoiaeyo
iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiua e oniaa?oainoaiaaiiua oiaa?u, nicaeathony
i?eioeeieaeueii iiaua i?aaeiaou iio?aaeaiey e oneoae. Iaeiia?aiaiii n
yoei, onoa?aaoea iiaeaee i?iaeoeoia, a oaeaea oneoae, aeooaeueiinoue eee
iieaciinoue eioi?uo ia?anoaea oaeiaeaoai?youe iio?aaeoaeae, noiaey ni
noeaiu eiieo?aioiie ai?ueau. Niioaaonoaaiii, ?ano?nu, eioi?ua ?aiaa auee
caaeaenoaiaaiu a i?iecaiaenoaa noa?uo oiaa?ia, eniieuecothony aeey
iieo/aiey iaiiaeaiiuo iiaeaeae.

Ia?yaeo n i?eaea/aieai aieiaiey e iaiiaeaiiui iiaeaeyi oiaa?ia, o
i?iecaiaeeoaeae anoue aua ianeieueei aanueia aeaenoaaiiuo ?u/aaia a
i?eaea/aiee «aeieea?iauo aieinia» iio?aaeoaeae. I?aaeaea anaai yoi
iiauoaiea ea/anoaa e nieaeaiea oeaiu oiaa?a. Aiieia anoanoaaiii, /oi ec
?yaea aiaeiae/iuo oiaa?ia, i?aaeeaaaaiuo eiieo?e?othueie oe?iaie,
iio?aaeoaeue no?aieony aua?aoue iaeaieaa ea/anoaaiiue e aeinooiiue a
oeaia aa?eaio.

Oaiaeaioeey e nieaeaieth oeai iniiauaaaony ia iinoiyiiii no?aieaiee
i?iecaiaeeoaeae yooaeoeaiae eniieueciaaoue eiathueany ?ano?nu. Ii ia?a
niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoiieiaee, nieaeaiey ecaea?aeae i?iecaiaenoaa
iiyaeyaony aiciiaeiinoue nieaeaiey oeaiu ia oiaa?. Ioee/iie
eeethno?aoeeae aeaiiiai oaeoa iiaeao neoaeeoue ?uiie ia?niiaeueiuo
eiiiuethoa?ia. Aoeaaeueii ca aeanyoeeaoea au/eneeoaeueiay iiuiinoue
eiiiuethoa?ia iiauneeanue a ouny/e e ieeeeiiu ?ac io i?ioeanni?a 8008 n
/anoioie 4.7 IAoe aei i?ioeanni?ia Pentium II n /anoioie 400 IAoe,
nia?aiaiiua iaoeiu eniieuecotho cia/eoaeueiue iauai iia?aoeaiie e
aeeneiaie iaiyoe. Iaeiaei, oeaia ia nia?aiaiiue eiiiuethoa? anaaaea
inoaaaeanue ia iaeiii o?iaia – iaoeia n?aaeiae eiioeao?aoeee eeanna
small office – home office noieo 1500$. Eiaiii ii oaeie oeaia iiaeii
auei eoieoue eiiiuethoa? 80386DX-33 a 1993-94 aiaeo, noieueei noieo
nae/an PentiumMMX-166. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann, iicaieythuee auno?i
niaa?oainoaiaaoue auioneaaiue oiaa? e iicaieythuee ioaa/aoue ?anoouei
iio?aaiinoyi iieueciaaoaeae, naeaeae aiciiaeiui oaeia nieaeaiea oeaiu.

Aeaeinoue, aunieay aaeaioeaiinoue e eciaiythueiny oneiaeyi.
Eiaeono?eaeueiua iauanoaa aeeiaie/iu: iaiythony i?aaeii/oaiey
iio?aaeoaeae, oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa, no?oeoo?a iinoaaeyaiuo ?ano?nia.
Niiniaia ee ?uii/iay yeiiiieea inouanoaeyoue ei??aeoe?iaeo
eniieueciaaiey ?ano?nia, niioaaonoaothuoth yoei iaecaaaeiui eciaiaieyi,
e, oaeei ia?acii, inoaaaoueny yooaeoeaiie?

I?aaeiieiaeei, /oi i?ienoiaeeo eciaiaiea iio?aaeoaeueneeo aeonia.
Neaaeai, aneaaenoaea aic?inoaai iniciaiey iaiaoiaeeiinoe caaioeoueny i
naiai caei?iauea iio?aaeoaee ?aoeee, /oi noaioo iaiueoa eo?eoue neaa?aou
e aieueoa acaeeoue ia aaeineiaaeao, oiaaea eae yeiiiieea a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy ia iaania/eaaao iaiaoiaeeiiai eiee/anoaa aaeineiaaeia. Ia?aaeano
ee ?uii/iay nenoaia neaiae ia yoii eciaiaiee i?aaei?eyoeyi e iinoaaueeai
?ano?nia e iiaeneaaeao ee ei iaiaoiaeeiinoue iaaeeaaeauae ei??aeoe?iaee
i?iecaiaenoaa?

I?aaeiieiaeaiiia eciaiaiea ai aeonao iio?aaeoaeae aoaeao aeiaaaeaii aei
naaaeaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeae a ?acoeueoaoa oaaee/aiey ni?ina ia aaeineiaaeu
e nieaeaiey ni?ina ia neaa?aou. Yoi icia/aao, /oi oeaiu ia aaeineiaaeu
iiaunyony, a oeaiu ia neaa?aou oiaaeoo. Anee i?aaeiieiaeeoue. *oi aei
yoeo eciaiaiee a iio?aaeoaeueneii ni?ina iaa io?anee iieo/aee no?iai
ii?iaeueioth i?eaueue, oi oaia?ue aieaa aunieea oeaiu ia aaeineiaaeu
nicaeatho yeiiiie/aneoth i?eaueue aeey i?iecaiaeeoaeae aaeineiaaeia, a
aieaa ieceea oeaiu ia neaa?aou aeaeoo ca niaie oauoee aeey oaaa/iie
eiaeono?ee. Ee/iay auaiaea iiaoaeaeaao iiauo eiieo?aioia anooiaoue a
i?ioeaaoathuoth io?aneue i?iecaiaeeoaeae aaeineiaaeia. A oauoee ni
a?aiaiai canoaayo iieeiooue iiiaaooth a e?eceniia iieiaeaiea oaaa/ioth
i?iiuoeaiiinoue.

Ecaanoii iaeiaei, /oi yoe ei??aeoe?iaee iinyo naiiia?aie/eoaeueiue
oa?aeoa? aeey iaaeo io?aneae. ?anoe?aiea i?iecaiaenoaa aaeineiaaeia
aoaeao i?iaeieaeaoueny eeoue aei oiai iiiaioa, eiaaea aicieeoee ?ino
?uii/iiai i?aaeeiaeaiey aaeineiaaeia i?eaaaeao e ia?aoiiio i?ioeanno, e
nieaeaieth oeai ia ieo aei o?iaiy, i?e eioi?ii niiaa noaiao i?aaeeii
ii?iaeueiay i?eaueue. ?aaiui ia?acii e nie?auaiea i?iecaiaenoaa neaa?ao
aoaeao i?iaeieaeaoueny eeoue aei oao ii?, iiea aicieeoaa nieaeaiea eo
i?aaeeiaeaiey niiaa ia iiaeieiao oeaiu aei o?iaiy, i?e eioi?ii oe?iu
niiaoo iieo/aoue ii?iaeueioth i?eaueue. Eee a naiii e?aeiai neo/aa,
oe?iu, i?iecaiaeyuea neaa?aou, ia?anoaioo nouanoaiaaoue. ?aoathuei
caeanue yaeyaony oi ianoiyoaeuenoai, /oi yoe i?ioeannu ei??aeoe?iaee a
/anoiii naeoi?a iieiinoueth niioaaonoaotho i?aaeiieiaeaiiui eciaiaieyi
aeonia iio?aaeoaeae. Iauanoai (oi anoue iio?aaeoaee) o?aaoao aieueoa
aaeineiaaeia e iaiueoa neaa?ao, eiaiii yoi aai o?aaiaaiea
oaeiaeaoai?yaony iooai ?anoe?aiey i?iecaiaenoaa aaeineiaaeia e
nie?auaiey i?iecaiaenoaa neaa?ao. Enoaoe, yoe ei??aeoe?iai/iua i?ioeannu
iieacuaatho ia aeaea i?aaeeueiinoue eiioeaioeee noaa?aieoaoa
iio?aaeoaey.

Aeaiiue aiaeec aue iino?iai ia oii i?aaeiieiaeaiee, /oi iinoaaueee
?ano?nia i?eaietho yoe ei??aeoe?iai/iua i?ioeannu. Iiaeneaaeao ee
?uii/iay nenoaia iinoaaueeai ?ano?nia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey
ethaeneeo e iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia ec io?anee, i?iecaiaeyuae neaa?aou, a
io?aneue, i?iecaiaeyuoth aaeineiaaeu, /oiau iicaieeoue oaaee/eoue auione
aaeineiaaeia ca n/ao nie?auaiey i?iecaiaenoaa neaa?ao? Iiyniei ieaea
i?aaiia?iinoue iieiaeeoaeueiiai ioaaoa ia yoio aii?in.

Yeiiiie/aneay i?eaueue, eioi?ay n?aco aea aicieeaao a ?acoeueoaoa
iiauoaiey ni?ina ia aaeineiaaeu, ia oieueei nicaeaao aeey yoie io?anee
noeioe e ?anoe?aieth, ii e iaania/eaaao aa aeiiieieoaeueiuie n?aaenoaaie
ia i?eia?aoaiea ?ano?nia, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey aa ?inoa. Aieaa aunieea
oeaiu ia aaeineiaaeu iicaieytho oe?iai yoie io?anee ieaoeoue aieaa
aunieea oeaiu ca ?ano?nu e oai naiui ioaeaeaoue ?ano?nu ec ae?oaeo noa?,
aaea eo i?eiaiaiea ia noieue ianoiyoaeueii o?aaoaony. Neaiae i
aioiaiinoe e niiniaiinoe eniieueciaaoue aieueoa ?ano?nia a i?iecaiaenoaa
aaeineiaaeia iinooiaao ia ?ano?niue ?uiie a oi?ia oaaee/aiey ni?ina ia
?ano?nu. I?aeoe/anee i?ioeaiiieiaeiue i?ioeann aicieeaao a
ia?aaeeaathuai niaae i?iecaiaenoaa neaa?ao. Oauoee, eioi?ua aea/ao ca
niaie nie?auaiea iio?aaeoaeueneiai ni?ina, n?aco aea ii?iaeaeaao
nieaeaiea ni?ina yoie io?anee ia ?ano?nu. ?aai/ay neea e ae?oaea
?ano?nu, aunaiaiaeaeaaiua ec naa?ouaaaiiai i?iecaiaenoaa neaa?ao, iiaoo
oaia?ue iaeoe naaa i?eiaiaiea a ?anoe?ythuainy i?iecaiaenoaa
aaeineiaaeia. E oiio aea oaaee/aiea ni?ina ia ?ano?nu aeey i?iecaiaenoaa
aaeineiaaeia icia/atho aieaa aunieea oeaiu ia ?ano?nu aeey yoie io?anee
ii n?aaiaieth n oaie, eaeea nouanoaotho ia ?ano?nu aeey oaaa/iie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe, aaea nieaeaiea ni?ina ia ?ano?nu nieceei oeaiu ia ieo.
Aicieeathuay ?acieoea a oeaiao ia ?ano?nu nicaeaao aeey aeaaeaeueoeaa
noeioe o oaaee/aieth nianoaaiiuo auaiae iooai ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey naieo
?ano?nia ec i?iecaiaenoaa neaa?ao a i?iecaiaenoai aaeineiaaeia. A yoi,
?acoiaaony oi naiia ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea, eioi?ia iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau
inouanoaeeinue ?anoe?aiea i?iecaiaenoaa aaeineiaaeia e nie?auaiea
i?iecaiaenoaa neaa?ao.

Niiniaiinoue ?uii/iie nenoaiu neaiaeece?iaaoue ia eciaiaieyo a oaeie
aaceniie noa?a, eae iio?aaeoaeueneea aeonu, e aucaaoue iaaeeaaeauoth
?aaeoeeth ni noi?iiu i?aaei?eyoee e iinoaaueeia ?ano?nia iacuaaaony
iai?aaeythuae. Eee i?eaioe?othuae, ooieoeeae oeai. Aicaeaenoaoy ia oeaiu
i?iaeoeoia e ia i?eauee, eciaiaiey a iio?aaeoaeueneeo aeonao aeeeootho
?anoe?aiea iaeieo io?aneae e nie?auaiea ae?oaeo. Yoe ei??aeoe?iaee
?aaeecothony /a?ac ?ano?niue ?uiie, iineieueeo ?anoe?ythueany io?anee
i?aaeuyaeytho aieueoee ni?in ia ?ano?nu, a nie?auathueany io?anee
nieaeatho ia ieo ni?in. Aicieeathuea a ?acoeueoaoa yoiai eciaiaiey
?ano?niuo oeai ia?ai?eaioe?otho ?ano?nu ec nie?auathueony a
?anoe?ythueany io?anee.

Oaeie aea aiaeec, iaiiaeiaea i?eaaaeaiiiai auoa, iieacuaaao, /oi
?uii/iay nenoaia niioaaonoaaiii i?eniinaaeeaaaony e aiaeiae/iui
ooiaeaiaioaeueiui eciaiaieyi, iai?eia? e eciaiaieyi a oaoiieiaee e e
eciaiaieyi a no?oeoo?a i?aaeeiaeaiey ?aciuo ?ano?nia.

Eieoeee?iaaiea e iioeiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea ?acoeueoaoia
iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna. Iaeii aeaei i?eniinaaeeaaoueny e oaea
i?ienoiaeyuei eciaiaieyi, e nianai ae?oaia aeaei – eieoeee?iaaoue
eciaiaiey, iniaaiii aeaeaoaeueiua. Niaianoeia ee ?uii/iay nenoaia n
niaa?oainoaiaaieai oaoiieiaee e iaeiieaieai eaieoaea, oi anoue n
acaeiinaycaiiuie eciaiaieyie, eioi?ua aaaeoo e iiauoaieth
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e e aieaa aunieiio o?iaith iaoa?eaeueiiai
aeaaininoiyiey iauanoaa? ?anniio?ei ieaea ioaao ia yoio aii?in.

Eiieo?aioiay ?uii/iay nenoaia, i/aaeaeii niaea?aeeo noeioeu aeey
oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna. I?eiaiaiea ia?aaeiauo oaoiieiaee, iaania/eaaao
eiiiaaoeeiiioth oe?io a?aiaiiui i?aeiouanoaii ia?aae aa eiieo?aioaie.
Nieaeaiea ecaea?aeae i?iecaiaenoaa icia/aao aeey ieiia?iie oe?iu
iieo/aiea yeiiiie/aneie i?eauee. Ia?aaeaaay iio?aaeoaeth /anoue
yeiiiiee io nieaeaiey ecaea?aeae a oi?ia nieaeaiey oeaiu oiaa?a,
eiiiaaoeeiiiay oe?ia iiaeao aeiaeoueny cia/eoaeueiiai oaaee/aiey nauoa e
aunieie yeiiiie/aneie i?eauee ca n/ao eiieo?aioiuo oe?i. Aieaa oiai,
eiieo?aioiay ?uii/iay nenoaia ii?aaeaeaiii nicaeaao ianoaiiaeo,
niinianoaothuoth auno?iio ?ani?ino?aiaieth iiaie oaoiieiaee. Eiieo?aiou
aeieaeiu neaaeiaaoue i?eia?o naiie i?ia?anneaiie oe?iu, a i?ioeaiii
neo/aa eo n?aco caoeanoiao aieia oauoeia, oa?iaeay aaie?ionoaii.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi nieaeaiea oeaiu ia i?iaeoeo, eioi?ia
oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann aeaeaao aiciiaeiui, iaoneiaeeaaao ?anoe?aiea
eiiiaaoeeiiiie io?anee. Oaeia ?anoe?aiea iiaeao auoue neaaenoaeai
oaaee/aiey iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa nouanoaothueo oe?i eee anooieaiey a
io?aneue iiauo oe?i, niaeaciaiiuo ia?niaeoeaie iieo/aiey yeiiiie/aneie
i?eauee, ia?aiia/aeueii nicaeaiiie oaoie/aneei i?ia?annii. Yoi
?anoe?aiea io?anee, oi anoue ia?aeeth/aiea ?ano?nia ec iaiaa oaoie/anee
i?ia?anneaiuo a aieaa i?ia?anneaiua i?iecaiaenoaa, anoue aiieia
caeiiiia?iue ?acoeueoao. Iinoiyiiia iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
eniieueciaaiey ?aaeeeo ?ano?nia o?aaoao iinoiyiiiai ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey
?ano?nia ec io?aneae, aaea oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa ioiineoaeueii iaiaa
yooaeoeaia, a io?anee, aaea iia ioiineoaeueii aieaa yooaeoeaia.

Iaeiaei oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann, eae i?aaeei, aea/ao ca niaie oaaee/aiea
eiee/anoaa n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa. Niiniaia ee ?uii/iay nenoaia
iaania/eoue yeiiiieeo n?aaenoaaie i?iecaiaenoaa, ia eioi?uo iniiauaaaony
oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann? Eiie?aoiaa, iiaeao ee i?aaei?eieiaoaeue,
aunooiathuee eiiiaaoi?ii, iieo/eoue /a?ac iin?aaenoai ?uii/iie nenoaiu a
naia ?anii?yaeaiea ?ano?nu, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey i?iecaiaenoaa iaoei e
iai?oaeiaaiey, io eioi?uo caaeneo oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann?

I/aaeaeii, /oi i?aaei?eieiaoaeue iiaeao eo iieo/eoue. Anee iauanoai
«aieinoao aeieea?aie» ca n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa, ?uiie i?iaeoeoia e
?ano?niue ?uiie n?aaae?otho ia oaeia «aieiniaaiea» i?iecaiaenoaii
n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa. Eiuie neiaaie, ?uii/iay nenoaia i?eieiaao
?acoeueoaou «aieiniaaiey aeieea?aie» a iieueco eae iio?aaeoaeae, oae e
n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa. Ii eoi eiie?aoii o/eouaaao «aieina» ca n?aaenoaa
i?iecaiaenoaa? I?aaeaea anaai i?aaei?eieiaoaeue, eioi?ue a ea/anoaa
iieo/aoaey aeioiaea a aeaea i?eauee iiaeao auoue neeiiai auaeaeeoue
/anoue yoiai aeioiaea ia iaeiieaiea n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa. Iinooiay
oae, ii iiaeao a aoaeouai iaania/eoue aua aieueoee aeioiae a aeaea
i?eauee, anee eiiiaaoeey ieaaeaony oaea/iie. Aieaa oiai,
i?aaei?eieiaoaee, oiea/eaay i?ioeaio. Iiaoo caeinoaiaaoue /anoue
aeioiaeia aeiiioicyenoa e eniieueciaaoue yoe caaiiua n?aaenoaa a aeaea
«aeieea?iauo aieinia» a iieueco i?iecaiaenoaa ana aieueoaai eiee/anoaa
n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa.

Aiciiaeiinoue aai oniaoiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?e iaee/ee aanueia
ia?aie/aiiie eioi?iaoeee – aeinoaoi/ii eiaoue aeaiiua i oeaia e
ecaea?aeeao i?iecaiaenoaa. Iai?eia?, oa?ia?o caieiathuaiony
i?iecaiaenoaii iieiea, ia ioaeii ciaoue, neieueei ae?oaeo oa?ia?ia
au?aueaatho ei?ia iiei/iie ii?iaeu, neieueei aeaiaa o?aoyo iio?aaeoaee
ia iieiei, a ia ia naoa?. Aio aeinoaoi/ii eioi?iaoeee i oeaiao ia iieiei
e ia ei?ia, i cao?aoao ia ?acee/iua ii?iaeu neioa, yeaeo?iyia?aeth,
?aai/oth neeo. Eiay oaeoth eioi?iaoeeth, oa?ia? niiaeao i?iecaiaeeoue
i?eaeeceoaeueii oi eiee/anoai iieiea, eioi?ia iaiaoiaeeii aeey
iio?aaeoaeae.

E iaaeinoaoeai ?uiea ioiinyo:

Oaanaiea eiieo?aioeee. E?eoe/aneia ooaa?aeaeaiea ninoieo a oii, /oi
ono?ienoai ?uii/iie yeiiiieee aeiioneaao e aeaaea a ii?aaeaeaiiie ia?a
noeioee?oao oaanaiea aeaaiiai eiio?ieueiiai iaoaiecia – eiieo?aioeee.
Nouanoaoao aeaa iniiaiuo enoi/ieea ineaaeaiey eiieo?aioeee eae
eiio?ieueiiai iaoaiecia:

Oioy n iauanoaaiiie oi/ee c?aiey eiieo?aioeey aeaeaoaeueia, iia aieueoa
anaai aeinaaeaeaao eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiio i?iecaiaeeoaeth naiae
aacaeaeinoiie aeaenoaaiiinoueth. Naiaiaeiie, eiaeeaeaeoaeenoe/aneie
n?aaea a ?uii/iie yeiiiieea i?enoua oi, /oi i?aaei?eieiaoaee a iiaiia ca
i?eaueueth e a no?aieaiee oeo/oeoue naie yeiiiie/aneea iiceoeee
iuoathony inaiaiaeeoueny io ia?aie/eoaeueiuo ioo eiieo?aioeee. Neeyiea
oe?i, oaeiua naiai?u eiiiaiee, aaniiuaaeiay eiieo?aioeey – ana yoi
niinianoaoao ineaaeaieth eiieo?aioeee e oeeiiaieth io aa ?aaoee?othuaai
aicaeaenoaey.

Iaeioi?ua yeiiiienou iieaaatho, /oi nai oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann, eioi?ue
?uii/iay nenoaia iiiu?yao, niinianoaoao oiaaeeo eiieo?aioeee. Iiaaeoay
oaoiieiaey, eae i?aaeei, o?aaoao: a) eniieueciaaiey i/aiue aieueoeo
eiee/anoa ?aaeueiiai eaieoaea; a) e?oiiuo ?uieia; a) eiiieaeniiai,
oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai e no?iai eioaa?e?iaaiiiai ?uiea e a) aiaaouo e
iaaeaaeiuo enoi/ieeia nu?uey. Oaeiai ?iaea oaoiieiaey icia/aao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue a nouanoaiaaiee oe?i-i?iecaiaeeoaeae, yaeythueony
e?oiiiianooaaiuie ia oieueei a aaniethoiuo aaee/eiao, ii oaeaea e ii
ioiioaieth e ?acia?ai ?uiea. Eiuie neiaaie, aeinoeaeaiea iaeneiaeueiie
yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa ia iniiaa i?eiaiaiey iiaaeoae oaoiieiaee
/anoi o?aaoao nouanoaiaaiey iaeiai /enea ioiineoaeueii e?oiiuo oe?i, a
ia aieueoiai /enea ioiineoaeueii iaeeeo.

Oeacaiiua yeiiiienou n/eoatho, /oi ii ia?a noaeaiey eiieo?aioeee
ineaaaaaao e ?uii/iay nenoaia a ea/anoaa iaoaiecia yooaeoeaiiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey ?ano?nia. Iinoaaueee e iio?aaeoaee ?ano?nia noaiiayony
iaiaa iiae/eiaiiuie aiea iio?aaeoaeae, noaa?aieoao i?iecaiaeeoaeae e
aeaaeaeueoeaa ?ano?nia noaaeo iiae niiiaiea e iiae?uaaao noaa?aieoao
iio?aaeoaeae. I?ioeann ioiaeaeanoaeaiey «iaaeaeeiie ?oeie» ee/iuo e
iauanoaaiiuo eioa?ania ia/eiaao oa?youe naith neeo. E oiio aea
iaania/eaaaiay ?uii/iie nenoaiie caueoa io i?eioaeaeaiey i?e ?acaeoie
eiieo?aioeee iniiauaaaony ia oe?ieii ?annayiee yeiiiie/aneie aeanoe. A
eiioeaio?aoeey yeiiiie/aneie aeanoe, eioi?ie nii?iaiaeaeaaony oiaaeie
eiieo?aioeee, iicaieyao iaeaaeaoaeyi yoie aeanoe inouanoaeyoue ia?u
i?eioaeaeaiey.

Ia?aaiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea aeioiaea. A aeaiiii neo/aa ioia/aaony, /oi ?uiie
i?eaioe?iaai ia ia i?iecaiaenoai nioeeaeueii-iaiaoiaeeiuo oiaa?ia, a ia
oaeiaeaoai?aiea cai?inia oao, eoi eiaao aeaiueae. ?uii/iay nenoaia
iicaieyao iaeaieaa niiniaiui, eee eiaeei, i?aaei?eieiaoaeyi iaeaieeaaoue
ia?iiiia eiee/anoai iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia, i?e/ai i?aai ianeaaeiaaiey n
oa/aieai a?aiaie oneeeaaao yoio i?ioeann iaeiieaiey. Oeacaiiue i?ioeann,
iiieii eiee/anoaaiiuo e ea/anoaaiiuo ?acee/ee a ethaeneeo ?ano?nao,
iinoaaeyaiuo aeiiioicyenoaaie, ii?iaeaeaao a ?uii/iie yeiiiieea
/?acau/aeii ia?aaiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea aeaiaaeiuo aeioiaeia. A ?acoeueoaoa
naiuee ?acei ?acee/athony iaaeaeo niaie ii niiniaiinoe ?aaeeciaaoue naie
iio?aaiinoe ia ?uiea. Aiaaoua iaeaaeatho iaiiiai aieueoei eiee/anoaii
«aeieea?iauo aieinia», /ai aaaeiua. Ionthaea iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae,
/oi ?uii/iay nenoaia auaeaeyao ?ano?nu ia i?iecaiaenoai i?aaeiaoia
?ineioe aeey aiaaouo ca n/ao ?ano?nia ia i?iecaiaenoai i?aaeiaoia ia?aie
iaiaoiaeeiinoe aeey aaaeiuo. No?aia, eioi?ay «o?aoeo aeaiueae ia
oaiiaineia, eiaaea iia aua ia iaania/eea iieieii naieo aeaoae, – yoi
ieioi oi?aaeyaiay, ia?acoiiay no?aia. Aaeeinoaaiiue niinia, eaeei oaeay
no?aia iiaeao naeaeaoue naay aiaaoie e i?ioeaaoathuae, ninoieo a oii,
/oiau oi?ioi aanoe naia aeiiaoiaa oicyenoai, oi anoue iaania/eaaoue naie
iio?aaiinoe a ii?yaeea eo aaaeiinoe e ia aeiioneaoue o?aou aeaiaa ia
i?eoioe e i?aaeiaou ?ineioe, iiea ethaee ia aoaeoo iaania/aiu
iaaeeaaeauei ia?acii i?aaeiaoaie ia?aie iaiaoiaeeiinoe.» Caeanue eiaaony
aaeaeo, /oi i?aoaicey ia «yooaeoeaiinoue» ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?ano?nia – yoi
ionoie caoe, anee ?ani?aaeaeaiea aeioiaea, a neaaeiaaoaeueii, e
iauanoaaiiiai i?iaeoeoa ia ioaa/aao neieueei-ieaoaeue ?acoiiui e?eoa?eyi
/anoiinoe e ni?aaaaeeeainoe.

?anoi/eoaeueiia e iayooaeoeaiia i?iecaiaenoai, ianoaaeeueiinoue
?acaeoey. E?eoeee nnueathony ia aeaa aaaeiuo i?eia?a ia?ooaiey ?uii/iiai
iaoaiecia. Ai-ia?auo, ?uii/iay nenoaia iiaeao ia noiaoue o/anoue ana
auaiaeu e ecaea?aeee, naycaiiua n iio?aaeaieai ii?aaeaeaiiuo oiaa?ia e
oneoa. Aeaei a oii, /oi iaeioi?ua auaiaeu e ecaea?aeee i?aaenoaaeythony
ii ioiioaieth e ?uieo aiaoieie a oii niunea, /oi iie i?eoiaeyony ia
aeieth ae?oaeo yeiiiie/aneeo aaaioia, ia yaeythueieny iaiin?aaenoaaiii
iieoiaoaeyie e i?iaeaaoeaie. Oaeea auaiaeu e ecaea?aeee iacuaathony
aiaoieie, eee auaiaeaie e ecaea?aeeaie ia?aeeaa. Iai?eia?,
iio?aaeoaeueneee ni?in, o/eouaaaiue ?uieii. Au?aaeaao eeoue
oaeiaeaoai?aiea, iieo/aaiia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie iio?aaeoaeyie, eioi?ua
iieoiatho oiaa?u e oneoae; ii ia io?aaeaao oiai oaeoa, /oi iieoiea oaeeo
oneoa, eae aaeoeeiaoeey e ia?aciaaiea, i?eiinyo auaiaeo eee
oaeiaeaoai?aiea anaio iauanoao a oeaeii. ?aaiui ia?acii e i?iecaiaeeoaee
i?eieiatho ?aoaiey i i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoeee, iniiaaiiua eeoue ia
o/aoa oao ecaea?aeae, eioi?ua ei aeeeooao ?uiie, e ia io?aaeathuea
aiaoiea ecaea?aeee, oi anoue ecaea?aeee, eioi?ua i?eoiaeyony ia aeieth
iauanoaa a oeaeii, eae, neaaeai, ?acee/iua oi?iu caa?yciaiey
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. I?iaeaia caeanue naiaeeony e neaaeothuaio: oai,
aaea ni?in e i?aaeeiaeaiea ia io?aaeatho oi/ii ana auaiaeu e ana
ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa, oi anoue aaea nouanoaotho aiaoiea auaiaeu e
ecaea?aeee, ?uii/iay nenoaia ia niiniaia iaania/eoue oaeia
?ani?aaeaeaiea ?ano?nia, eaeia iaeeo/oei ia?acii oaeiaeaoai?yao
iio?aaiinoe iauanoaa.

Aoi?ie i?eia? ia?ooaiey ?uii/iiai iaoaiecia iaoneiaeai oai, /oi ?uii/iay
nenoaia o/eouaaao eeoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua iio?aaiinoe. Nouanoaoao iiiai
iio?aaiinoae a oaeeo oiaa?ao e oneoaao, i?iecaiaenoai eioi?uo ia iiaeao
oeiaine?iaaoueny eiaeeaeaeaie /a?ac iin?aaenoai ?uiea. Iai?eia?, oaeea
oiaa?u e oneoae, eae aaoiiaaeno?aee, ai?ueaa n iaaiaeiaieyie,
iaoeeiiaeueiay iai?iia, ia iiaoo auoue eoieaiu a aeaeaoaeueiii
eiee/anoaa aeiiioicyenoaaie ia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie iniiaa. ?uii/iay
nenoaia, eae ooaa?aeaeatho, ia niiniaia o/eouaaoue oaeea iauanoaaiiua
eee eieeaeoeaiua iio?aaiinoe.

Ec yoiai neaaeoao, /oi ?uii/iay yeiiiieea ia niinianoaoao nio?aiaieth
iaaini?iecaiaeeiuo ?ano?nia, ia eiaao yeiiiie/aneiai iaoaiecia caueou
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, oieueei caeiiiaeaoaeueiua aeou iiaoo canoaaeoue
i?aaei?eieiaoaeae aeeaaeuaaoue n?aaenoaa a nicaeaiea ?aciiai ?iaea
yeieiae/anee /enouo i?iecaiaenoa, ia iiaeao ?aaoee?iaaoue eniieueciaaiea
?ano?nia, i?eiaaeeaaeaueo anaio /aeiaa/anoao, iai?eia? ?uaiuo aiaaonoa
ieaaia, a oneiaeyo ?uiea, oa?aeoa?iie iiaiiae ca i?eaueueth, ii?ith
eaii?e?othony iioaioeeaeueii iaaaoeaiua iineaaenoaey i?eieiaaiuo
?aoaiee, a oaeaea ia nicaeathony noeioeu aeey i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?ia e
oneoa eieeaeoeaiiai iieueciaaiey (aei?iae, aeaiau, iauanoaaiiue
o?ainii?o e o.ae.).

Iaeiiaoe, iiiaea yeiiiienou n/eoatho, /oi ?uii/iay nenoaia i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie ianiaa?oaiiue iaoaieci iaania/aiey iieiie caiyoinoe e noaaeeueiiai
o?iaiy oeai.

Ianoaaeeueiinoue: eioeyoeey e aac?aaioeoea. A eaeaaeueiie yeiiiieea AII
?in au auno?uie onoie/eauie oaiiaie. E?iia oiai, o?iaaiue oeai,
ecia?aiiue n iiiiuueth aeaoeyoi?a AII eee eiaeaena iio?aaeoaeueneeo
oeai, inoaaaeny au iaeciaiiui eee iiauoaeny aanueia iaaeeaiii. Ii iiuo
iaaeyaeii iieacuaaao, /oi iieiay caiyoinoue e noaaeeueiue o?iaaiue oeai
ia aeinoeaathony aaoiiaoe/anee.

Yeiiiie/aneee ?ino ioee/aaony ia?aaiiia?iinoueth, i?a?uaaaony ia?eiaeaie
yeiiiie/aneie ianoaaeeueiinoe, ia?eiaeu auno?iai ?inoa yeiiiieee eiiaaea
ii?a/aao eioeyoeey, oi anoue iiauoaiea o?iaiy oeai, anoue ia?eiaeu,
eiaaea ?ino onooiaao ianoi niaaeo e aeai?annee, oi anoue ieceiio o?iaith
caiyoinoe e i?iecaiaenoaa. Ei?i/a aiai?y, aeieaia?aiaiiay oaiaeaioeey e
yeiiiie/aneiio ?inoo i?a?uaaeanue e ineiaeiyeanue eae aac?aaioeoeae, oae
e eioeyoeeae. Ianiio?y ia iiiaeanoaaiiinoue oi/ae c?aiey ia i?e/eiu
eieaaaiee yeiiiie/aneie aeoeaiinoe, aieueoeinoai yeiiiienoia n/eoaao,
/oi oaeoi?ii, iaiin?aaenoaaiii ii?aaeaeythuei o?iaie i?iecaiaenoaa e
caiyoinoe, yaeyaony o?iaaiue iaueo, eee niaieoiiuo, ?anoiaeia. Iii?inoo
aiai?y, anee iauea ?anoiaeu iaaaeeee, iiiaei i?aaei?eyoeyi iaauaiaeii
i?iecaiaeeoue oiaa?u e oneoae a aieueoeo iauaiao. Ionthaea ieceee
o?iaaiue i?iecaiaenoaa, caiyoinoe e aeioiaeia. Aieaa aunieee o?iaaiue
iaueo ?anoiaeia icia/aao, /oi ?ino i?iecaiaenoaa i?eiineo i?eaueue,
iiyoiio i?iecaiaenoai, caiyoinoue e aeioiaeu oiaea aoaeoo aic?anoaoue.
Eiaaea a yeiiiieea aicieeaao iieiay caiyoinoue, ?aaeueiue iauai
i?iaeoeoeee noaiiaeony iinoiyiiui, a aeiiieieoaeueiua ?anoiaeu i?inoi
iiauoatho o?iaaiue oeai.

*oi eanaaony i?iecaiaenoaa e caiyoinoe, oi iau/ii io niaaea aieueoa
anaai no?aaeatho oa io?anee i?iiuoeaiiinoe, eioi?ua auioneatho n?aaenoaa
i?iecaiaenoaa e iio?aaeoaeueneea oiaa?u aeeeoaeueiiai iieueciaaiey.
I?iecaiaenoai e caiyoinoue a io?aneyo i?iiuoeaiiinoe, auioneathueo
iio?aaeoaeueneea oiaa?u e?aoeia?aiaiiiai iieueciaaiey, iau/ii iaiaa
?aaae?otho ia oeeee. E iai?ioea, io?anee i?iiuoeaiiinoe, eioi?ua
i?iecaiaeyo oiaa?u aeeeoaeueiiai iieueciaaiey, a oaca iiaeuaia iieo/atho
iaeneiaeueiua noeioeu aeey ?acaeoey.

Aiciiaeiinoue ion?i/ee. Iieoieo oiaa?ia aeeeoaeueiiai iieueciaaiey
iiaeii ia eaeie-oi iiiaio ioeiaeeoue. Eiaaea yeiiiieea ia/eiaao
eniuouaaoue o?oaeiinoe, i?iecaiaeeoaee /anoi ia?anoatho i?eia?aoaoue
aieaa nia?aiaiiia iai?oaeiaaiea e no?ieoue iiaua caaiaeu. I?e oaeie
eiiuthieoo?a i?inoi iao niunea oaaee/eaaoue caianu eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
oiaa?ia. Ai anao neo/ayo oe?ia aua iiaeao eniieueciaaoue iaee/iua
iiuiinoe e caeaiey. A aeaaii?eyoiua ia?eiaeu n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa
iau/ii caiaiythony aei eo iieiiai eciina. Iaeiaei eiaaea ianooiaao
niaae, oe?iu ?aiiioe?otho naia onoa?aaoaa iai?oaeiaaiea e ioneatho aai a
aeaei. Iiyoiio eiaanoeoeee a n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa ?acei nie?auathony.

Aeanoue iiiiiieee. Aieueoeinoai io?aneae i?iiuoeaiiinoe, i?iecaiaeyueo
eiaanoeoeeiiiua oiaa?u e oiaa?u aeeeoaeueiiai iieueciaaiey, ioee/athony
aunieie eiioeaio?aoeeae, eiaaea ia ?uiea ainiiaenoaoao n?aaieoaeueii
iaaieueoia eiee/anoai e?oiiuo oe?i. Aneaaenoaea yoiai oaeea oe?iu
iaeaaeatho aeinoaoi/iie iiiiiieueiie aeanoueth, /oiau
i?ioeaiaeaenoaiaaoue iiieaeaieth oeai, ia?aie/eaay auione i?iaeoeoeee
ec-ca iaaeaiey ni?ina. Iiyoiio oiaiueoaiea ni?ina ieacuaaao aicaeaenoaea
aeaaiui ia?acii ia i?iecaiaenoai e caiyoinoue. Ia?aoioth ea?oeio iiaeii
iaaethaeaoue a io?aneyo i?iiuoeaiiinoe, auioneathueo oiaa?u
e?aoeia?aiaiiiai iieueciaaiey. Yoe io?anee a aieueoeinoaa naiai
aeiaieueii eiieo?aioiniiniaiua e oa?aeoa?ecothony ieceie
eiioeaio?aoeeae. Iie ia iiaoo i?ioeaiaeaenoaiaaoue iiauoaieth oeai, e
iaaeaiea ni?ina aieueoa io?aaeaaony ia oeaiao, /ai ia o?iaia
i?iecaiaenoaa.

Ainiieuecoynue yoeie e?aoeeie naaaeaieyie ia yeiiiie/aneii oeeeea,
iiaeii aieaa aeaoaeueii ?anniio?aoue aac?aaioeoeo e eioeyoeeth.

Yeiiiienou auo?e oeia aac?aaioeoeu: o?eeoeeiiioth, no?oeoo?ioth e
oeeeee/aneoth. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy n/eoaaony, /oi iieiay caiyoinoue, eee
anoanoaaiiue o?iaaiue aac?aaioeoeu ninoaaeyao 5-6%. Aeaaiay «oeaia»
aac?aaioeoeu – iaauiouaiiay i?iaeoeoeey. Eiaaea yeiiiieea ia a ninoiyiee
nicaeaoue aeinoaoi/iia eiee/anoai ?aai/eo iano aeey anao, eoi oi/ao e
iiaeao ?aaioaoue, iioaioeeaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai oiaa?ia e oneoa oa?yaony
aacaica?aoii. Caeii Ioeaia onoaiaaeeaaao, /oi iaeei i?ioeaio i?e?inoa
aac?aaioeoeu naa?o anoanoaaiiiai o?iaiy i?eaiaeeo e 2.5%-iiio
oaaee/aieth ionoaaaiey AII. Iaeiaei oeeeee/aneay aac?aaioeoea – yoi
ia/oi aieueoaa, /ai yeiiiie/aneia aaaenoaea, yoi oaeaea e nioeeaeueiay
eaoano?ioa. Aeai?anney i?eaiaeeo e aacaeayoaeueiinoe, a
aacaeayoaeueiinoue e iioa?a eaaeeoeeaoeee, iioa?a naiioaaaeaiey,
oiaaeeo ii?aeueiuo onoiaa, ?aniaaeo naiuee, a oaeaea e iauanoaaiiui e
iieeoe/aneei aanii?yaeeai.

Eioeyoeey – yoi iiauoaiea iauaai o?iaiy oeai. Yoi, eiia/ii ia icia/aao,
/oi iiauoathony iaycaoaeueii ana oeaiu. Aeaaea a ia?eiaeu aeiaieueii
auno?iai ?inoa eioeyoeee iaeioi?ua oeaiu iiaoo inoaaaoueny ioiineoaeueii
noaaeeueiuie, a ae?oaea iaaeaoue. Yeiiiienou ioee/atho eioeyoeeth ni?ina
io eioeyoeee, iaoneiaeaiiie ?inoii ecaea?aeae (eioeyoeee i?aaeeiaeaiey).
Anoue aeaa ?aciiaeaeiinoe eioeyoeee, iaoneiaeaiiie ?inoii ecaea?aeae:
eioeyoeey, aucaaiiay ?inoii ca?aaioiie ieaou, e eioeyoeey, aicieeathuay
a ?acoeueoaoa ia?ooaiey iaoaiecia yeiiiieee i?aaeeiaeaiey.

Iai?aaeaeaeaiiay eioeyoeey i?iecaieueii ia?a?ani?aaeaeyao aeioiaeu a
oua?a iieo/aoaeyi oeene?iaaiiiai aeioiaea, e?aaeeoi?ai e aeaaeaeueoeai
naa?aaeaiee. Eiioeaioeey eioeyoeee ni?ina i?aaeiieaaaao, /oi anee
yeiiiieea no?aieony e aunieiio o?iaith i?iecaiaenoaa e caiyoinoe, oi
oia?aiiay eioeyoeey iaiaoiaeeia. Iaeiaei noi?iiieee eiioeaioeee
eioeyoeee, iaoneiaeaiiie ?inoii ecaea?aeae, ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi eioeyoeey
iiaeao nii?iaiaeaeaoueny nie?auaieai ?aaeueiiai iauaia iaoeeiiaeueiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa e caiyoinoe. Aeia?eioeyoeey, eioi?ay iau/ii naycaia n
ia?acoiiie iieeoeeie ainoaea?noaa, iiaeao iiaei?aaoue oeiainiaoth
nenoaio e onei?eoue e?ao.

Io?eoeaoaeueiia aeeyiea iiiiiieee. Eae oaea oeacuaaeinue auoa, ?acaeoeth
?uii/iie yeiiiieee naienoaaiia eiioeaio?aoeey i?iecaiaenoaa e eaieoaea,
iauaeoeaii aicieeathuay aneaaenoaea no?aieaiey i?aaei?eieiaoaey e
oneeaieth iiceoeee i?aaei?eyoey ioiineoaeueii eiieo?aioia. Oaeei iooai
iiaoo neeaaeuaaoueny i/aiue e?oiiua i?aaei?eyoey, ioee/eoaeueiie
iniaaiiinoueth eioi?uo yaeyaony cae?aieaiea ca ieie eneeth/eoaeueiiai
i?aaa i?iecaiaenoaa e i?iaeaaee ii?aaeaeaiiiai aeaea oiaa?a eee oneoae.
Yoi eneeth/eoaeueiia iieiaeaiea iicaieyao aeaiiui iiiiiieeyi aeeeoiaaoue
?uieo ethaoth oeaio e iieo/aoue, niioaaonoaaiii, aunieoth i?eaueue. N
ae?oaie noi?iiu, ca n/ao aeanoeie i?eaycee e ii?aaeaeaiiiio
i?aaei?eyoeth, iiiiiieey iiaeao aeeeoiaaoue ieceea oeaiu iinoaaueeai
?ano?nia.

Ia iaania/eaaao ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee a iaoea. I?e anai
no?aieaiee i?aaei?eieiaoaeae iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue nouanoaothueo
oaoiieiaee, iaania/eoue iaeaieaa yeiiiiiia eniieueciaaiea ?ano?nia, iie
ia iiaoo iicaieeoue naaa ioaeaeaoue ?ano?nu ia i?iaaaeaiea
ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee a iaoea. Ioaeaeaiiay e iaii?aaeaeaiiay
ia?niaeoeaa iieo/aiey yeiiiie/aneie auaiaeu io yoeo enneaaeiaaiee
i?eaiaeeo e ?ani?aaeaeaieth ?ano?nia a iieueco aieaa auno?ie e aa?iie
aiciiaeiinoe iieo/aiey i?eauee a ae?oaeo io?aneyo.

CAEETH*AIEA

Eae auei oaea ioia/aii auoa, ia?a/eneaiiua io?eoeaoaeueiua e
iieiaeeoaeueiua noi?iiu ?uii/iie yeiiiieee iniiauaathony ia i?ioeai?a/ee
«aaca?aie/iinoue iio?aaiinoae – ?aaeeinoue ?ano?nia». Naienoaaiiia aeey
ethaiai oeia yeiiiie/aneie i?aaiecaoeee iauanoaa, yoi i?ioeai?a/ea
?aoaaony a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee iooai ?uii/iiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey
?aaeeeo ?ano?nia iaaeaeo oaie io?aneyie, eioi?ua i?iecaiaeyo
i?iaeoeoeeth aino?aaiaaiioth iio?aaeoaeyie, a oua?a oai io?aneyi,
eioi?ua i?iecaiaeyo i?iaeoeoeeth ia iieuecothuothny ni?inii.

N?aaee iieiaeeoaeueiuo noi?ii ?uii/iie yeiiiieee iiaoo auoue auaeaeaiu:

yooaeoeaiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea ?ano?nia;

naiaiaea auai?a e aeaenoaee iio?aaeoaeae e i?aaei?eieiaoaeae;

niiniaiinoue e oaeiaeaoai?aieth ?aciiia?aciuo iio?aaiinoae, iiauoaieth
ea/anoaa oiaa?ia e oneoa;

aeaeinoue, aunieay aaeaioeaiinoue e eciaiythueiny oneiaeyi;

eieoeee?iaaiea e iioeiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea ?acoeueoaoia
iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna;

aiciiaeiinoue aai oniaoiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?e iaee/ee aanueia
ia?aie/aiiie eioi?iaoeee.

N?aaee io?eoeaoaeueiuo noi?ii ?uii/iie yeiiiieee iiaeii auaeaeeoue:

oaanaiea eiieo?aioeee;

ia?aaiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea aeioiaea;

?anoi/eoaeueiia e iayooaeoeaiia i?iecaiaenoai, ianoaaeeueiinoue
?acaeoey;

ianoaaeeueiinoue: eioeyoeey e aac?aaioeoea;

io?eoeaoaeueiia aeeyiea iiiiiieee;

ia iaania/eaaao ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee a iaoea.

A caeeth/aiee iiaeii ioiaoeoue iaeioi?ua oaiaeaioeee eni?aaeaiey
oeacaiiuo iaaeinoaoeia ?uii/iie yeiiiieee. N?aaee ieo auaeaeythony
ooieoeey ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieee e no?oeoo?iua
eciaiaiey oi?i i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Nia?aiaiiay
?uii/iay yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiii ?acaeouo no?ai oa?aeoa?ecoaony,
ai-ia?auo, ianuuaiiinoueth oiaa?aie ianniaiai i?iecaiaenoaa, no?iaie
iai?aaeaiiinoueth ia oaeiaeaoai?aiea iio?aaiinoae ii?aaeaeaiiuo a?oii
iieoiaoaeae. Ai-aoi?uo, ae i?enoua aeaeia, aaeaioeaiia i?iecaiaenoai,
niiniaiia ioaa/aoue naiui neiaeiui cai?inai iio?aaeoaeae. A-o?aoueeo,
iaiythony oeaeaaua ooieoeee oe?i. Oioy i?eaueue, ii-i?aaeiaio neoaeeo
iniiaiui noeioeii a i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, oe?iu aeey
iiaeaea?aeaiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe caeioa?aniaaiu: a ?anoe?aiee ?uiea,
iiaeeoeeaoeee i?iaeoeoa, iiauoaiee ea/anoaa e nieaeaiee cao?ao.
A-/aoaa?ouo, i?ienoiaeeo eciaiaiea oi?i i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, iaeue aecian i?aa?aoeeny a aaniioth yeiiiie/aneoth neeo
ia?yaeo n ei?ii?aoeeyie, ainoaea?noaii e i?ionithcaie. A iineaaeiaa
a?aiy ei?ii?aoeee eaeoo ia ?acoe?oiiaiea, nicaeaiea noaoe?i, eioi?ua
ooieoeeiie?otho aeinoaoi/ii naiinoiyoaeueii, auno?i ?aaae?otho ia
iaiythuothny neooaoeeth ia ?uiea. A-iyouo, a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo
eiieo?aioeey noaiiaeony ?aaoee?oaiie. Yoi i?ienoiaeeo eae a neeo
oaeoaeaiey ?acaeaeaiey o?oaea, iiauoaiey eioi?ie?iaaiiinoe anao
oicyenoaothueo noauaeoia, ?acaeoey iaaeoe?iaiiuo eiiia?aoeeiiiuo naycae,
oae e aneaaenoaea i?aaei?eieiaaiuo ainoaea?noaii ia? ii noaeaieth eee
?anoe?aieth eiieo?aioeee. A-oanouo, a nia?aiaiiie ?uii/iie yeiiiieea
eaeao i?ioeann noaiiaeaiey iiaiai oeia o?oaeiauo ioiioaiee,
i?aaeiieaaathuaai o/anoea iaaiiuo ?aaioieeia a oi?aaeaiee e a
nianoaaiiinoe oe?iu.

Oaeei ia?acii, i?eaaaeaiiue auoa aiaeec iicaieyao aiai?eoue i iinoiyiiii
?acaeoee ?uii/iie yeiiiieee ?aaeueiuo no?ai a iai?aaeaiee naeaaeeaaiey
iaeioi?uo i?ioeai?a/ee, /oi, iaeiaei ia iaoaao aicieeaoue iiaui.
Iaeiaei, nia?aiaiiua oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey ?uii/iuo nenoai inoathony ca
?aieaie aeaiiie ?aaiou.

AEAEEIA?AOE*ANEEE NIENIE

Aaeueia?ei A.I., A?aaaiieeia I.E., Eaonneee A.E., Oa?anaae/ E.N.
Iae?iyeiiiieea: O/aaiee / Iauay ?aaeaeoeey E.N.Oa?anaae/a. NIa.:
Yeiiiie/aneay oeiea, 1994. – 400 n.

Eo?n yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee. Iiae ?aae. *aio?eia I.I., Eenaeaaie A.A. –
Ee?ia: «ANA». 1994. – 624 n.

Iaeeiiiaee E. ?., A?th N. E. Yeiiiieen: I?eioeeiu, i?iaeaiu e iieeoeea.
A 2 o.: Ia?. n aiae. 11-ai ecae. – I.: «?anioaeeea», 1993.

Iyieueth I. A. Iae?iyeiiiieea. Ia?. n aiae. – I.: Ecae-ai IAO, 1994.
-736 n.

I.A.Naioyeuenii. Yeiiiieea. Ia?. n aiae. – I.: «Aeoaaeo», 1993.

?uii/iay yeiiiieea. O/aaiee a o?ao oiiao. O.1. Oai?ey ?uii/iie yeiiiiee.
*anoue 1. Iee?iyeiiiieea. / A.O.Iaeneiiaa – I.: «Niieioye», 1992. – 168
n.

?uii/iay yeiiiieea. O/aaiia iiniaea. – I.: «Aeaeiaay aeeciue», 1995. –
224 n.

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