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Кембриджская школа экономической теории

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Ieienoa?noai ia?aciaaiey ?O

Eia?ianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay oaoiieiae/aneay aeaaeaiey

Eaoaae?a aoiaieoa?iuo iaoe

?aoa?ao

Eaia?eaeaeneay oeiea yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee

Eniieieoaeue

Ianeaiieeia A.I.

nooaeaio 2 eo?na

a?oiia Y-200

Iao/iue

?oeiaiaeeoaeue

Aeieo?eaaa I. A.

Eia?ia 2002

NIAeA?AEAIEA

no?.

1. Acaeyaeu A. Ia?oaeea.
3

2. Iaoaieci ?uii/iiai oi?ie?iaaiey oeai. 5

3. Eiioeaioeey yeanoe/iinoe ni?ina.
9

4. Oai?ey i?aaeeiaeaiey.
11

5. Eiioeaioeey ecaea?aeae.
13

6. Auaiae.
15

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u.
16

1.Acaeyaeu A. Ia?oaeea

Oai?ey Eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu i?aaenoaaeaia enneaaeiaaieyie A. Ia?oaeea,
O. Yaeaeoi?oa, A. Ieao. Iaeaieaa na?ue?ciue aeeaae ai?n A. Ia?oaee
(1842-1924), iaeei ec e?oiiaeoeo ao?aeoaciuo o/?iuo a enoi?ee
yeiiiie/aneie iunee. Aai oai?ey, iniiau eioi?ie eceiaeaiu a «I?eioeeiao
iieeoe/aneie yeiiiiee», noaea ia oieueei nenoaiaoecaoeeae e iaiauaieai
iieiaeaiee iino?aea?aeeaineie aiaeeeneie iieeoyeiiiiee, e ae?. oa/aiee.
Iia iieiaeeea ia/aei iiaiio iai?aaeaieth nia?aiaiiie yeiiiie/aneie iaoee
– iaieeanne/aneie iieeoyeiiiiee.

A. Ia?oae, a oeaeii ?acaeaeyy iaoiaeieiae/aneoth nenoaio ia?aeeiaeecia,
ai?n a ia? ii?aaeae?iiia naiaia?acea: ioeacaeny io noauaeoeaiuo ioeaiie
i?aaeaeueiie iieaciinoe a aiaeeca oeai, ioaaaey ei ianoi iaeiiai ec
oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia ni?in. Oaeaea auea ioeeiiaia oi/ea c?aiey
aiaeeeneeo yeiiiienoia Aeae. Iae-Eoeeioa e ?. Oi??aina, aeaeaaoeo
eiia/iia iniiaaiea oeaiu a ecaea?aeeao i?iecaiaenoaa.

Noa?aynue nia?aoue a iaeii oeaeia oai?eth i?aaeaeueiie iieaciinoe e
oai?eth ecaea?aeae i?iecaiaenoaa, yeiiiienou eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu
iinoaaeee aii?in oae: ie ni?in, ie i?aaeeiaeaiea ia eiatho i?ei?eoaoa n
oi/ee c?aiey ii?aaeaeaiey oeai, yaeyynue ?aaiii?aaiuie yeaiaioaie
iaoaiecia ?uii/iiai oeaiiia?aciaaiey. Iineieueeo any eo ?aoi?ia
i?ioiaeeea aioo?e ia?aeeiaeecia, i?aaeaeueiua oa?aeoa?enoeee,
neiioeaio?e?iaaiiua aano?eeoeaie ia noi?iia iio?aaeaiey e ni?ina,
oaia?ue iiyaeeenue ia noi?iia i?iecaiaenoaa e i?aaeeiaeaiey. Niae?aynue
iaeoe oneiaey aaeaina ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey, ia?aeeiaeenou oe?iei
i?eiaiyee iiiyoea ?uii/iiai ?aaiiaaney. Ecaanoiay au? aei Ia?oaeea, yoa
eaoaai?ey iinea aai ?aaio i?aa?aoeeanue a ?ani?ino?ai?iiue yeaiaio
iaoiaeieiaee ao?aeoaciie iieeoyeiiiiee.

N eaia?eaeaeneeo ?aoi?i ia/aeny iianaianoiue ia?aoiae ao?aeoaciuo
yeiiiienoia ia iooue eco/aiey ooieoeeiiaeueiuo niioiioaiee iaaeaeo
yeiiiie/aneeie yaeaieyie. Iie?aynue ia yoio i?eioeei, A. Ia?oaee iuoaeny
i?eaeaoue naae oai?ee i?aeoe/aneoth i?eaioaoeeth, iaiieiyy a?
yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneeie ?ac?aaioeaie eiie?aoiuo i?iaeai ?uiea.

2. Iaoaieci ?uii/iiai oi?ie?iaaiey oeai

A oeaio?a aieiaiey yeiiiienoia eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu iaoiaeeeny iaoaieci
?uii/iiai oi?ie?iaaiey oeai. Iineieueeo A. Ia?oaee i?eciaaae oieueei
ooieoeeiiaeueiue aiaeec, oi ana o?e ia?aiao?a ?uiea (oeaia, ni?in,
i?aaeeiaeaiea) ?anniao?eaaeenue aianoa, a eo acaeiiaeaenoaee.

N iaeiie noi?iiu, n/eoae eeaea? eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu, ?uii/iue iaoaieci,
aeaenoaoy a oneiaeyo iaia?aie/aiiie eiieo?aioeee, onoaiaaeeaaao
caaeneiinoue ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey io oeaiu. Anee, aeiionoei, ia
ii?aaeae?iiii ?uiea oeaia oiaa?a ?ano?o, oi, eae i?aaeei, ni?in ia iaai
nieaeaaony, a i?aaeeiaeaiea oaaee/eaaaony. Eiaaea, iaiai?io, oeaia eae?o
aiec, ni?in iiauoaaony, a i?aaeeiaeaiea nie?auaaony. Auoiaeeo, /oi
?uii/iay oeaia a oiaea naieo eieaaaiee iiaeao aeinoe/ue iaeioi?iai
onoie/eaiai ninoiyiey, noaoue oeaiie ?aaiiaaney, ni?in ia aeaiiue oiaa?
o?aaieaaaony n aai i?aaeeiaeaieai.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, ?uii/iay nenoaia ?aaioaao a i?ioeaiiieiaeiii
iai?aaeaiee, ii?aaeaeyy aeaeaeaiea oeaiu niioiioaieyie ni?ina e
i?aaeeiaeaiey. Iai?eia?, oeaia, i?aauoathuay o?iaaiue ?aaiiaaney,
noeioee?oao ?anoe?aiea i?aaeeiaeaiey. I?aaeeiaeaiea, iaaiiyy ni?in,
canoaaeyao oeaio ia?aiauaoueny ia?aoii, ioiaoea ?aaiiaaney. Anee aea
?uii/iay oeaia ieacuaaaony ieaea oeaiu ?aaiiaaney, oi iia iiaeoaeeeaaao
aaa?o ni?in. Oio oaaee/eaaaony, iia?aaeay i?aaeeiaeaiea, /oi aea/?o ca
niaie iiauoaiea oeaiu a noi?iio ?aaiiaaney.

Niaeanii A. Ia?oaeeo, yoi eaeaaeueiay ea?oeia ?uii/iiai acaeiiaeaenoaey,
eiaaea ni?in e i?aaeeiaeaiea a ?aaiie ia?a aeeytho ia eciaiaiea oeaiu.
Iaeiaei iia neeueii iaiyaony a caaeneiinoe io i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe
?anniao?eaaaiuo io?aceia a?aiaie. Eiaaea enneaaeoaony e?aoeia?aiaiiue
ia?eiae, i?iyaeythony iaeie caeiiiia?iinoe, eiaaea aiaeece?oaony
aeeeoaeueiay ia?niaeoeaa – ae?oaea. ?aaiii?aaea en/acaao: oi ni?in, oi
i?aaeeiaeaiea aa??o ia naay ?ieue aeaaiiai ?aaoeyoi?a oeaiu.

A ?aieao e?aoein?i/iiai eioa?aaea i?ei?eoao iieo/aao ni?in. Yoi,
oeacuaae A. Ia?oaee, iauyniyaony oai, /oi i?aaeeiaeaiea aieaa
eia?oeeiiii, ia iiniaaaao ca iinoiyiiuie eieaaaieyie ni?ina. Iii
ionoa?o, caiacaeuaaao, iineieueeo aeey aai eciaiaiey o?aaothony iiaua
oneiaey i?iecaiaenoaa, a aiciiaeii, e nicaeaiea aeiiieieoaeueiuo
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiuiinoae. A i?aaeaeao iaaieueoiai io?acea a?aiaie
aaee/eia i?aaeeiaeaiey i?eia?aoaao, iiyoiio iinoiyiiue oa?aeoa?. Oiaaea
ni?in i?aa?auaaony a ?aoathuee oeaiiia?acothuee oaeoi?, e ethaia aai
iiauoaiea aaae?o e ?inoo oeaiu.

A yoii neo/aa aicieeaao ?acieoea iaaeaeo iiaie, aieaa aunieie oeaiie
oiaa?a e ecaea?aeeaie aai i?iecaiaenoaa e ii?iaeueiie i?eaueueth. O
i?aaei?eieiaoaey ia?acoaony a?aiaiiue aeiiieieoaeueiue aeioiae, eee, ii
oa?ieiieiaee A. Ia?oaeea, eaace?aioa. Ii ia?a ?aca??ouaaiey
i?iecaiaenoaa, ?aii eee iicaeii ?aaae?othuaai ia aic?anoaiea ni?ina,
oaaee/eaathony ?acia?u i?aaeeiaeaiey, a oeaia eae?o aiec, oie/oiaeay
eaace?aioo.

Eiaaea aea ?a/ue eae?o i aeieain?i/iie ia?niaeoeaa, ?ieue iniiaiie
oeaiiia?acothuae neeu ia?aoiaeeo e i?aaeeiaeaieth e naycaiiui n iei
aeaiaaeiui ecaea?aeeai i?iecaiaenoaa. *ai aeeeoaeueiaa aiaeece?oaiue
ia?eiae a?aiaie, oai neeueiaa eo acaeiiaeaenoaea ii n?aaiaieth n
aeeyieai ni?ina. Ii A. Ia?oaeeo, i?e/eia ninoieo a oii, /oi eiaiii
i?iecaiaenoai ii?aaeaeyao aeaeaeaiea iio?aaiinoae, eioi?ua caoai
aunooiatho a aeaea i?aaeaeueiuo iieaciinoae e ni?ina.

Oaeia iienaiea iaoaiecia oi?ie?iaaiey oeai, eiia/ii, aieaa
naaeaine?iaaii, /ai oi, /oi aeaee yeiiiienou aano?eeneie oeieu. Iii,
iaeiaei, ia iiaeao i?aoaiaeiaaoue ia aeoeaiia io?aaeaiea i?ioeanna
oeaiiia?aciaaiey a oneiaeyo eaieoaeecia, naiaiaeiie eiieo?aioeee.
I?aaeaea anaai, iioiio, /oi a i?i iao i?eciaeia eiaiii
eaieoaeenoe/aneiai ?uiea, naienoaaiiuo aio i?ioeai?a/ee. Eo caiaiee
noa?eaeueiue, aiaenoi?e/aneee ia?ac acaeiiaeaenoaey ?uii/iuo nee.

Eae e ae?oaea ao?aeoaciua oai?aoeee, A. Ia?oaee, ii nooe aeaea,
io?eoeaao niaoeeoeeo eaieoaeenoe/aneeo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee. Yoi
iiae/??eeaae E. Ia?en, «aeinoeaaaony oai, /oi ioiioaiey iaaeaeo
eaieoaeenoe/aneeie aaaioaie i?iecaiaenoaa naiaeeony e i?inoui
ioiioaieyi, auoaeathuei ec oiaa?iiai ia?auaiey».

Aiaeec ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey, ioeeiiythueo ?uii/ioth oeaio io o?iaiy
?aaiiaaney, inoaaeyao ioe?uoui aii?in i oii, /ai ii?aaeaeyaony naia
oeaia ?aaiiaaney. ?aoaiea, i?aaeeiaeaiiia A. Ia?oaeeii (aeaiaaeiua
ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa), ia ian?o a naaa aieueoie iiaeciu, iioiaea ia
o?aeoiaeo oai?ee ecaea?aeae i?iecaiaenoaa. Iii iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueii,
iineieueeo naie ecaea?aeee caaenyo io oeai oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa.
Iieo/aaony, /oi A. Ia?oaee e aai iineaaeiaaoaee, nio?aiyy o?aaeeoeeth
ao?aeoaciie iieeoyeiiiiee, iauyniytho oeaiu oeaiaie.

Ia ?ac?aaioee eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu neaaeoao iiniio?aoue n aeaoo
noi?ii. Anee aeaeaoue a ieo iauyniaiea aioo?aiiaai iaoaiecia
oeaiiia?aciaaiey i?e eaieoaeecia, oi noaiiaeony yniui ?yae
i?eioeeieaeueiuo aeaoaeoia, eneaaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Ooo
i?iyaeyaony eo eaeaieiae/aneee aniaeo. Ii e yoei enneaaeiaaieyi iiaeii
iiaeieoe e n ae?oaie oi/ee c?aiey, ia?aoea aieiaiea ia oo eo /anoue, /oi
ioiineony e eiie?aoiui i?iaeaiai, aicieeathuei ia oiaa?iuo ?uieao.
Caeanue iiaeii iaia?oaeeoue ?aaeenoe/aneea iiiaiou, iaeoe iao/iua
?acoeueoaou, eiathuea i?aeoe/aneoth oeaiiinoue.

Eiaaony a aeaeo, iai?eia?, i?iaeoeoeaiue aiaeec oaeoi?a a?aiaie a ?aieao
eiioeaioeee ei?ioeeo e aeeeiiuo ia?eiaeia, ieacaaoee nouanoaaiiia
aeeyiea ia aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea ao?aeoaciie iieeoyeiiiiee. Ianiio?y ia
oi, /oi Aeae. Eaein iiaeaa?a acaeyaeu A. Ia?oaeea ?aceie e ca/anooth
ni?aaaaeeeaie e?eoeea, eaeay iineaaeiaai i ?aoathuae ?iee ni?ina a
e?aoein?i/iii ?aaoee?iaaiee oeai noaea iaeiei ec iniiaaiee eaeineaineie
nenoaiu. Ae?oaie i?eioeei – i?aiaeaaeathuaa cia/aiea i?aaeeiaeaiey a
aeieaia?aiaiiie aeeiaieea oeai – acyee ia aii?oaeaiea oai?aoeee
nia?aiaiiiai eiina?aaoecia, aaeaeioa eiioeaioeeth aeieain?i/iiai
?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieee (a oii /enea e oeai) iin?aaenoaai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai aicaeaenoaey ia niaieoiiia i?aaeeiaeaiea.

3. Eiioeaioeey yeanoe/iinoe ni?ina

I?aaenoaaeytho eioa?an enneaaeiaaiey A. Ia?oaeeii i?iaeai ni?ina ia
ioaeaeueiua oiaa?u, oi/iaa – ?ac?aaioaiiay ei eiioeaioeey yeanoe/iinoe
ni?ina.

Eeaea? eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu iinoaaee ni?in ia ii?aaeae?iiue oiaa? a
caaeneiinoue io o??o aeaaiuo oaeoi?ia – i?aaeaeueiie iieaciinoe,
?uii/iie oeaiu e aeaiaaeiiai aeioiaea, eniieuecoaiiai ia iio?aaeaiea,
i?e/?i iniaia ianoi ioaiaeeeinue ia?aiio ec ieo.

Iineieueeo i?aaeaeueiay iieaciinoue ?aaia oie iaeneiaeueiie oeaia,
eioi?oth iieoiaoaeue au? niaeanai oieaoeoue ca aeaiiue oiaa?, iia
noaiiaeony aa?oiai i?aaeaeii eieaaaiey ?uii/iie oeaiu. Iaeneiaeueiay
oeaia, ooaa?aeaeae A. Ia?oaee, yaeyaony aaoiiiiiie, iacaaeneiie io ?uiea
oeaiie ni?ina e ii?aaeaeyaony oieueei iio?aaiinoueth a oiaa?a e aai
caianii. Anee oaia?ue acaeyiooue ia ?uii/iue i?ioeann aeacaie iieoiaoaey
(iio?aaeoaey), oi ieaaeaony, /oi eiaiii io nthaea, n oi/ee oeaiu ni?ina,
?uii/iay oeaia, aaaeiiay ni?inii e i?aaeeiaeaieai, ia/eiaao naie aeieaee
iooue a noi?iio ?uii/iiai ?aaiiaaney.

I?eia? yeanoe/iinoe ni?ina: i?aaeiieiaeei, /oi aaee/eiu i?aaeaeueiie
iieaciinoe e aeioiaea iinoiyiiu. Aeiionoei, oae aea, /oi ?uii/iay oeaia
eaeiai-oi oiaa?a oaaee/eeanue (oiaiueoeeanue) ia 1%, a ni?in ia iaai,
eniuouaathuee aeeyiea yoie oeaiu, nie?aoeeny (aic?in) aieaa /ai ia 1%.
Oiaaea, ii A. Ia?oaeeo, aeaeaeaiea ni?ina auei yeanoe/iui ii oeaia.
Niioaaonoaaiii, ni?in n/eoaeny iayeanoe/iui, eiaaea ii iaiyeny iaiaa /ai
ia 1% i?e iaeiii?ioeaioiuo eieaaaieyo ?uii/iie oeaiu.

Eiioeaioeey yeanoe/iinoe ni?ina eiaao yaiua iaaeinoaoee – auaeaeaeaiea
ia ia?aue ieai i?aaeaeueiie iieaciinoe e a? o?aeoiaea a aeooa
aano?eeneie oeieu, eaii?e?iaaiea nioeeaeueiie no?oeoo?u iauanoaa,
aeeythuae ia ?ani?aaeaeaiea iaoeeiiaeueiiai aeioiaea, a noaei auoue, ia
iieoiaoaeueioth niiniaiinoue a?oii ianaeaiey. A oi aea a?aiy a oeaeii a?
iiaeii n/eoaoue iao/iui aeinoeaeaieai eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu. Eaeae A.
Ia?oaeea ioe?uee aei?iao iaoe?iiio iioieo i?eeeaaeiuo enneaaeiaaiee
oiaa?iuo ?uieia, i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea eioi?uo ia aucuaaao niiiaiee.

4. Oai?ey i?aaeeiaeaiey

A nicaeaiiie yeiiiienoaie eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu oai?ee i?aaeeiaeaiey
aaaeouay ?ieue i?eiaaeeaaeeo iiiyoeth i?aaeaeueiuo ecaea?aeae, iiae
eioi?ie iiieiaeenue ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa iineaaeiae aaeeieoeu
ii?aaeae?iiiai oiaa?a. Aeaenoaoy oae aea, eae e i?e enneaaeiaaiee
ni?ina, A. Ia?oaee ioiaeaeanoaeye i?aaeaeueiua ecaea?aeee n oie
ieieiaeueiie oeaiie (oeaiie i?aaeeiaeaiey), ii eioi?ie i?aaei?eieiaoaeue
au? aioia iinoaaeyoue naie oiaa? ia ?uiie. I?aaeiieaaaeinue, /oi anee
anoaoue ia aai iiceoeeth, oi oeaia i?aaeeiaeaiey i?aa?aoeony a
ia/aeueiue ioieo aeaeaeaiey ?uii/iie oeaiu a iieiaeaiea ?aaiiaaney.

Ii, ioia/ae A. Ia?oae, oeaia i?aaeeiaeaiey a ?aciuo io?aneyo aaae?o naay
iaiaeeiaeiai. Anoue io?anee, aaea i?aaeaeueiua ecaea?aeee, a cia/eo, e
oeaia i?aaeeiaeaiey ia caaeneo io iau?ia auioneaaiie i?iaeoeoeee. A
ieo, niaeanii Ia?oaeeo, aeaenoaoao caeii iinoiyiiie
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe. Nouanoaotho e ae?oaea i?iecaiaenoaa, a eioi?uo
aeaenoaoao caeii aic?anoathuae i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe: n ?inoii iau?ia
ecaioiaeaiiuo oiaa?ia i?aaeaeueiua ecaea?aeee nieaeathony. Iaeiiaoe,
eiathony io?anee iiae/eiythueany caeiio oauaathuae i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe.
Caeanue ii ia?a oaaee/aiey ?acia?ia i?iecaiaenoaa iaaethaeaaony ?ino
i?aaeaeueiuo ecaea?aeae e niioaaonoaaiii oeai i?aaeeiaeaiey.

Iiaeii caiaoeoue, /oi a yoii iienaiee iaoee io?aaeaiea iaeioi?ua
oa?aeoa?iua aeey oiai a?aiaie yaeaiey eaieoaeenoe/aneiai i?iecaiaenoaa
e ia?auaiey. Iai?eia?, auaeaeea io?anee, ?acaeaathueany ii caeiio
aic?anoathuae i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, A. Ia?oaee oeiaee niaoeeoeeo
neeaaeuaathuaainy a eiioea XIX a. ianniaiai i?iecaiaenoaa noaiaea?oiie
i?iaeoeoeee. Oaeea io?anee aeaenoaeoaeueii ioee/aeenue aunieie
yooaeoeaiinoueth e niiniaiinoueth ianuuaoue ?uiie ii n?aaieoaeueii
ieceei oeaiai.

Anee aea aeaoue iauoth ioeaieo eaia?eaeaeneie eiioeaioeee i?aaeeiaeaiey,
oi iia auaeyaeeo eae eneaae?iiay, naienoaaiiay ia?aeeiaeecio oao a?ai?i
o?aeoiaea i?ioeanna ia?aciaaiey n?aaeiae ii?iu i?eauee e oeaiu
i?iecaiaenoaa. Yoi ea/anoai eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu io/?oeeai aeaeii ia
i?eia?a i?iaaae?iiiai A. Ia?oaeeii enneaaeiaaiey aioo?aiiae no?oeoo?u
i?aaeaeueiuo ecaea?aeae. Oa?aeoa?ecoy eo, ii ioaa?a (e aiieia
iainiiaaiii) aa?neth O. Aeca?a, naycuaaaoaai ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa n
ii?aaeae?iiie iieaciinoueth iio?aaeoaeueneiai aeaaa.

5. Eiioeaioeey ecaea?aeae.

Oai?aoeee eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu aeaeaee a i?aaeaeueiuo ecaea?aeeao noiio
aeioiaeia, aeinoathueony aeaaeaeueoeai ii?aaeae?iiuo oaeoi?ia
i?iecaiaenoaa. Nthaea aeeth/eee ca?aaioioth ieaoo, i?ioeaio ia
aeaiaaeiue eaieoae e i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneee aeioiae.

Eniieuecoy i?e?iu ia?aeeiaeenoeie iaoiaeieiaee, A. Ia?oaee ?anniao?eaae
?aai/aai eae ?aoeeiiaeueiiai noauaeoa, ioeaieaathuaai iethnu e ieionu
naiaai o/anoey a i?iecaiaenoaa. Anee ieionii n/eoaeenue naie o?oaeiaua
cao?aou, ecia?yaiua noauaeoeaiie ioeaieie i?aaeaeueiie oyainoe o?oaea,
oi a ea/anoaa iethna aunooiaea ca?aaioiay ieaoa, caaenyuay io yoie
ioeaiee e i?aaeiacia/aiiay aeey aeaiaaeiie eiiiainaoeee io?eoeaoaeueiuo
yiioeee ?aai/aai.

Niioaaonoaothuei ia?acii iienuaaeinue e iiaaaeaiea aeaaeaeueoea
aeaiaaeiiai eaieoaea. I?aaeiieaaaeinue, /oi ii iiaeao eeai iaiaaeeaiii
iio?aoeoue eaieoae ia ee/iia iio?aaeaiea, ?oeiaiaenoaoynue naieie
i?aaenoaaeaieyie i i?aaeaeueiie iieaciinoe ?acee/iuo aeaa, eeai
«ion?i/eoue oaeiaieuenoaea» (eae ienae A. Ia?oaee), aicaea?aeaaoenue io
iio?aaeoaeueneiai ?aoaiey e iai?aaea eaieoae a i?iecaiaenoai n ?an/?oii
ia i?ioeaio. Aaee/eio iineaaeiaai, yeiiiienou eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu
noaaeee a caaeneiinoue io noauaeoeaiuo ioeaiie nianoaaiieea
eaieoaea, io oiai, ia neieueei ii ni/oao aoi?ie aa?eaio auaiaeiaa
ia?aiai.

I?aaei?eieiaoaeueneee aeioiae ?aceaaaeny ia aeaa /anoe. Ia?aie
?anniao?eaaeanue eae eiiiainaoeey o?oaeicao?ao i?aaei?eieiaoaey ii
oi?aaeaieth i?iecaiaenoaii (ooo ?annoaeaeaiey no?ieeenue oaeaea, eae
e a neo/aa n ?aoeeiiaeueiui ?aai/ei), a aoi?ay aunooiaea a
aeaea ieaou ca ?ene, naycaiiie n ?aaioie ia iaecaanoiue ?uiie.

Oaeay o?aeoiaea ecaea?aeae i?iecaiaenoaa iaei, /oi aeaaaea
ao?aeoaciie iieeoyeiiiiee. ssnii aeaeiu aa eaeaieiae/aneea,
aiieiaaoe/aneea ea/anoaa.

Auaeaeiooay eaia?eaeaeneie oeieie eiioeaioeey ecaea?aeae
i?iecaiaenoaa ia niaeanoaony n aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth. Aaaeue
i/aaeaeii, /oi io?eoeaoaeueiua yiioeee eee aicaea?aeaiey naie ii
naaa ia eiatho ieeaeie niceaeaoaeueiie neeu, ia iiaoo auoue
enoi/ieeii ie i?iaeoeoa, ie aeioiaea. Noauaeoeaiua ioeaiee ?aai/aai
e aeaiaaeiiai eaieoaeenoa yaii ia niecia?eiu. Eo iaaiciiaeii
iiaeaanoe iiae iauee ciaiaiaoaeue a aeaea ecaea?aeae
i?iecaiaenoaa.

6. Auaiae

Eaeae eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu ainiiaenoaiaaee a ao?aeoaciie
yeiiiie/aneie iaoea aieioue aei ia/aea 30-o aiaeia. Iineaaeothuea
e?eceniua iio?ynaiey iieacaee iaiainiiaaiiinoue ?an/aou A. Ia?oaeea
ia aunieoth yooaeoeaiinoue ?uii/iiai iaoaiecia e aai
niiniaiinoue iaania/eoue naii?aaoee?iaaiea eaieoaeenoe/aneiai
oicyenoaa. Noaei yniui, /oi i?ioeai?a/eaia yaeaiea
eaieoaeenoe/aneiai aini?iecaiaenoaa iaeuecy iauynieoue oieueei
iee?i yeiiiie/anee, n iiceoeee eciee?iaaiiiai ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
noauaeoa.

Aicieeiiaaiea e ?acaeoea eaeineaineiai iae?iyeiiiie/aneiai o/aiey,
iiyaeaiea iae?iyeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeaea a naiie iaieeanne/aneie
iieeoyeiiiiee caiaoii ineaaeee aeeyiea eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu, ii
ioithaeue ia i?aa?aoeee aa a oai?aoe/aneee aiao?iieci. Nicaeaoaee
yoie oeieu aeaee ?aca??iooia iienaiea nenoaiu naiaiaeiiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa, aeeth/ay iiaeoiaeu e ?ac?aaioea i?iaeai, n
eioi?uie noaeeeaathony ia ?uiea ?aaeueii nouanoaothuea i?iecaiaeeoaee e
iio?aaeoaee, ooaa?aeeee i?ei?eoao ooieoeeiiaeueiiai aiaeeca. Oai naiui
a? iieiaeaiey ia?aciaaee oaeie oai?aoe/aneee e iaoiaeieiae/aneee caaeae,
aac eioi?iai ia noiaee iaieoenue ie iineaaeiaaoaee A. Ia?oaeea, ie aai
e?eoeee. Iiaeaa?aiooua ecaanoiie ia?aioeaiea, eaeae eaia?eaeaeneie oeieu
oaea?aeeaatho i?i/iua iiceoeee a nia?aiaiiie iieeoyeiiiiee.

NIENIE EEOA?AOO?U

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