.

Глобализация, современные международные финансы, включая последствия введения евро

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 808
Скачать документ

Ieoaee Aeaeyaei, ae.y.i.

iauanoaaiiue aee?aeoi? Einoeoooa i?iaeai aeiaaeecaoeee

IAUAss OAI?Ess AEIAAEECAOeEE

«Ie? aeey ?innee:

eaeei ii iai ioaeai e /oi iu n iei iiaeai naeaeaoue»

(E?aoeia eceiaeaiea ioe?uoie /anoe aiaeeoe/aneiai aeieeaaea)

naioya?ue 1998 a.

NIAeA?AEAIEA

?acthia………………………………………………………..
…………………………………………2

I. ?ani?ino?aiaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee

Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: aeaiueae oa?ytho
cia/aiea…………………..3

I cia/aiee ?acee/ee a nei?inoe oaoiieiae/aneiai a?aiaie………….5

1.2. Iiaua ?ano?nu aeey iiauo
oaoiieiaee……………………………………………..7

Iaanoeaiaiea «noa?uo»
oaoiieiaee………………………………………………….8

II. Iaeioi?ua iineaaenoaey aeiaaeecaoeee ?uieia

Aeiaaeecaoeey eiieo?aioeee – aeiaaeecaoeey
iiiiiieee…………………….9

«Aa?i»: caiae/eaaiea oa?icu e ?ac?ooeoaeueiue
yaieci………………..10

Ia?niaeoeau aeiaaeecaoeee oeiainiaie eiieo?aioeee:

caiaaeeaiea oaoiieiae/aneiai
i?ia?anna……………………………………..11

III. Aeiaaeueiie eiieo?aioeee – aeiaaeueiia ?aaoee?iaaiea

*oi iauaaeeieo ie? a «yeiiiie/aneoth
III»?……………………………….13

Iiaia iieieaiea OIE: «aaoa?
aiaia»…………………………………………….14

Oeaia aeiaaeueiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey…………………………………………………..
15

Ei?ioei ia aaoi?a

Aeaeyaei Ieoaee Aaiiaaeueaae/, 1968 a.?., ae.y.i..

A 1990-93aa. – yenia?o A?oiiu yenia?oia A.Aeueoeeia, n 1994 – aeaaiue
aiaeeoee Aiaeeoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey I?aceaeaioa ?innee, n 1996 – ?aoa?aio
iiiiuieea I?aceaeaioa ?innee. N ia?oa 1997 – niaaoiee aeoea-i?aiuea?a –
Ieieno?a aioo?aiieo aeae, n ethiy 1997 – niaaoiee ia?aiai
aeoea-i?aiuea?a A.Iaioeiaa. Iieeioa i?aaeoaeuenoai ca aeaiue aei niauoee
17 aaaonoa, nicaeae Einoeooo i?iaeai aeiaaeecaoeee. A ia/aea ieoya?y
1998 aiaea, iinea i?eoiaea i?aaeoaeuenoaa I?eiaeiaa, aica?auai ia
aeoeaioth ainoaea?noaaiioth neoaeao.

Aieaa 300 ioaeeeaoeee (a oii /enea a NOA, Aa?iaiee, O?aioeee, Eeoaa,
Eiaeee, Aaeioa e o.ae.), 4 iiiia?aoee, i?e/ai iineaaeiyy – «Yeiiiieea
iaieaoaaeae» – auaea?aeaea a 1996-97 aa. 3 ecaeaiey.

?ACTHIA

1. ?acaeoea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee i?eaaei e:

aicieeiiaaieth «iaoaoaoiieiaee», i?eiaiaiea eioi?uo aeaeaao aeey
i?eiaiythuae eo noi?iiu i?eioeeieaeueii iaaiciiaeiie eiieo?aioeeth n
?ac?aaio/eeii yoeo oaoiieiaee;

ia?ai?eaioaoeee oaoiieiaee n oi?ie?iaaiey ioaeiuo iaoa?eaeueiuo
i?aaeiaoia ia oi?ie?iaaiea ioaeiiai oeia niciaiey e eoeueoo?u (ia?aoiae
io «high-tech’a» e «high-huma’o»);

onei?aieth ?acaeoey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee aei oaeie noaiaie, /oi
aeey iaeaieaa ia?aaeiauo ec ieo «ei?ioeea», niaeoeyoeaiua aeiaeaiey
ieacuaathony i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuie;

ioiineoaeueiiio iaanoeaiaieth o?aaeeoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee;

aicieeiiaaieth «eioi?iaoeeiiiiai» iauanoaa, a eioi?ii aeaiueae onooiatho
naia cia/aiea oaoiieiaeyi.

2. Iniiaiua ia?niaeoeau oaoiieiae/aneiai ?acaeoey /aeiaa/anoaa:

oaeoaeaiea e i?eia?aoaiea iai?aiaeieeiiai oa?aeoa?a ?ac?uaaie iaaeaeo
?acaeouie e inoaeueiuie no?aiaie, a oaeaea ?acaeouie no?aiaie,
nicaeathueie iiaua oaoiieiaee, e inoaeueiuie ?acaeouie no?aiaie;

iainiaeaiea ?aaioieeia eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee ai aioo?aiiaa
«eioi?iaoeeiiiia niiauanoai», aai nin?aaeioi/aiea a ?acaeouo no?aiao;
iinoaiaiiay eiioeaio?aoeey «eioi?iaoeeiiiiai niiauanoaa» ie?a, a n iei e
ie?iaiai i?ia?anna, a «iaeaieaa ?acaeouo» no?aiao;

i?ae?auaiea i?ia?anna ca i?aaeaeaie ?acaeouo no?ai; nioeeaeueiay e
oeiainiaay aeaa?aaeaoeey ?acaeaathueony no?ai;

aiciiaeiia ?aceia caiaaeeaiea i?ia?anna a ?acoeueoaoa aeiaaeueiiai
oeiainiaiai e?ecena e aeano?oeoeaiie eiieo?aioeee iaaeaeo NOA e
Aa?iiaeneei aaethoiui nithcii.

3. Oi?ie?iaaiea aeiaaeueiuo iiiiiieee eaeao:

ia aeiaaeueiuo ?uieao ioaeaeueiuo oeiainiauo eino?oiaioia;

a oiaea eioaa?aoeee yoeo ?uieia (nieaeaiey «oeaiu ia?aoiaea» iaaeaeo
ieie aei i?aiaa?aaeeiiai o?iaiy) ii ia?a ?acaeoey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee – a aeaea oi?ie?iaaiey aaeeiie aeiaaeueiie iiiiiieee.

Yoe i?ioeannu oaea a aeeaeaeoea aiaeu iio?aaotho nicaeaiey iaoaiecia
iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey aeiaaeueiuo iiiiiieee, eioi?ia aoaeao
iineoue aieaciaiiue oa?aeoa?.

Ana ?acaeoea /aeiaa/anoaa, a oii /enea a iaeanoe yeiiiieee,
ii?aaeaeyaony naaiaeiy e aoaeao ii?aaeaeyoueny a aeeaeaeoaa aeanyoeeaoea
aeinoeaeaieai iiaiai ea/anoaaiiiai o?iaiy n?aco aeaoiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueiuie i?ioeannaie: ?acaeoeai iiauo oaoiieiaee, a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue eioi?iaoeeiiiuo, e iie?athuaeny ia iaai auno?ie aeiaaeecaoeeae
eiieo?aioeee, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ia oeiainiauo ?uieao.

I. ?ANI?INO?AIAIEA EIOI?IAOeEIIIUO OAOIIEIAEE

1.1. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: aeaiueae oa?ytho cia/aiea

?acaeoea oaoiieiaee i?eaaei a na?aaeeia 90-o aiaeia e oaeoe/aneiio
nicaeaieth iaeaieaa ?acaeoie /anoueth /aeiaa/anoaa oiai naiiai
«eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iauanoaa», i eioi?ii ia i?ioyaeaiee iineaaeieo
aeanyoeeaoee aiai?eee oae iiiai, /oi ia?anoaee aini?eieiaoue aai
ana?ueac.

?aaeee aai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiua nayce e
eiieo?aioiue iioaioeeae a neeo eioaeeaeooaeueiiai e oaoiieiae/aneiai
?ac?uaa iaei aeinooiiu aeey aini?eyoey oaie, eoi iaoiaeeony ca aai
i?aaeaeaie.

Aaaeiaeoei i?iyaeaieai ea/anoaaiiiai oaoiieiae/aneiai ?uaea,
i?eaaaeoaai e aicieeiiaaieth eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iauanoaa, e iaeiia?aiaiii
iaeiei ec aai nouanoaaiiuo /a?o yaeyaony iiyaeaiea e no?aieoaeueiia
?ani?ino?aiaiea oae iacuaaaiuo «iaoa-oaoiieiaee».

Niaoeeoeea yoiai oeia oaoiieiaee a oii, /oi nai oaeo eo i?eiaiaiey
aeaeaao aeey i?eiaiythuae eo noi?iiu i?eioeeieaeueii iaaiciiaeiie
anyeoth na?ueacioth eiieo?aioeeth n ?ac?aaio/eeii yoeo oaoiieiaee. Yoi
naiaai ?iaea ieaoa ca aeiione e aieaa aunieie yooaeoeaiinoe,
iaania/eaaaiie yoeie oaoiieiaeyie, ?aiaa ano?a/aaoayny eeoue a
aeeea?neeo e eeoeaiceiiiuo nenoaiao. Nia?aiaiiua ia?aaeiaua oaoiieiaee a
yaiie eee iayaiie oi?ia noaayo iieueciaaoaey a iieiaeaiea eeoeaiceaoa.

Iaeaieaa iaaeyaeiua i?eia?u iaoaoaoiieiaee:

naoaaie eiiiuethoa?: ?ann?aaeioi/aiea aai iaiyoe a naoe aeaao
?ac?aaio/eeo anth eioi?iaoeeth iieueciaaoaey e iicaieyao ia?aiio
aiaoeaaoueny a aeayoaeueiinoue iineaaeiaai eee aeaaea oi?aaeyoue ae
(i?eioeei aiaoiaai oi?aaeaiey aeeth/aiiiai a naoue eiiiuethoa?a oaea
?aaeeciaai);

nia?aiaiiua oaoiieiaee nayce, iicaieythuea ia?aoaaouaaoue ana oaeaoiiiua
niiauaiey ia oa??eoi?ee anaai ie?a; a aeeaeaeoaa a?aiy noaiao aiciiaeia
iieiay eiiiuethoa?iay ia?aaioea anaai iauaia yoeo niiauaiee e ia?aoaao
anao niiauaiee a naoe «Eioa?iao»;

?acee/iua i?aaiecaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee; eo iniiaiua iiaea?oiiu:

oaoiieiaee oi?aaeaiey, a oii /enea i?aaiecaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe
ei?ii?aoeee: i?eaioe?iaaiiua ia eoeueoo?o e nenoaio oeaiiinoae
no?aiu-?ac?aaio/eea, iie nieaeatho eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue ei?ii?aoeee,
i?aaenoaaeythueo ae?oaea eoeueoo?u; neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi a iauai
neo/aa ?ani?ino?aiaiea a iauanoaa /oaea?iaeiiai oeia eoeueoo?u, ia
eioaa?e?othuaeny n eoeueoo?ie yoiai iauanoaa e iiyoiio ia noieueei
iaiaauathuae aa, neieueei inoathuaeny iainiaeaiiie io iaa, ineaaeyao
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue aeaiiiai iauanoaa;

oaoiieiaee oi?ie?iaaiey ianniaiai niciaiey: iinoiyiiay aaeaioaoeey
iineaaeiaai e oi?iai aicaeaenoaey ia iaai aucuaaao iauaeoeaioth
iaiaoiaeeiinoue iinoiyiiiai aea iaiiaeaiey yoeo oi?i; aac iieo/aiey
iaiiaeaiiuo oaoiieiaee, eioi?ua iiyaeythony nia/aea a no?aia-eeaea?a, a
oaea caoai oe?aaee?othony a inoaeueiuo no?aiao, ianniaia niciaiea
iauanoa, eniieueciaaaoeo yoe oaoiieiaee aicaeaenoaey ia iaai, ia/iao
auoiaeeoue ec-iiae eiio?iey ainoaea?noaa.

Naaiaeiy eiaiii yoe oaoiieiaee ec-ca naiae iaeaieueoae
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe noaee ainiiaenoaothueie. Eiaiii iie, no?aieoaeueii
?ani?ino?aieaoenue aoeaaeueii a iineaaeiea aiaeu, noaee oaoiieiae/aneie
ninoaaeythuae eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iauanoaa: aiai?y i iai n oi/ee c?aiey
oaoiieiaee, iu, aiciiaeii, ia ioaeaaay naaa io/ao e ia ciay ia eo
iniaaiiinoyo, eiaai a aeaeo a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue eiaiii iaoaoaoiieiaee.

Aiieia anoanoaaiii, /oi ia?aoiae io nicaeaiey iiauo oaoiieiaee e eo
?ani?ino?aiaieth e aicieeiiaaieth oaeei ia?acii eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
iauanoaa iaeaieaa eiioeaio?e?iaaiii au?acee eeaea? yoiai i?ioeanna –
O.Aaeon. Ii oeacae, /oi aeaaiui oaeoi?ii ?acaeoey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee, a ioee/ea aua io i?ioeiai, 1997 aiaea, noaiiaeony ia eo
nianoaaiiia niaa?oainoaiaaiea, ii eiiieaeniia i?eiaiaiea oaea eiathueony
oaoie/aneeo ?aoaiee aeey iaania/aiey «eioi?iaoeeiiiie i?ic?a/iinoe» anao
no?ai – «i?ic?a/iinoe», ianeieueei iiaeii iiiyoue, aiieia iaeiinoi?iiiae
aeey no?ai, nicaeathueo iaoaoaoiieiaee, e neoaeauae iaania/aieth eo
aeiaaeueiuo eiieo?aioiuo i?aeiouanoa.

Iaeiaei cia/aiea ?ani?ino?aiaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee ioithaeue ia
ia?aie/eaaaony aicieeiiaaieai iaoaoaoiieiaee e iaaeaaeiui iaania/aieai
eioaeeaeooaeueiiai, ineoieiae/aneiai e oaoiieiae/aneiai eeaea?noaa eo
nicaeaoaeae. Iiieii iaania/aiey aeiaaeueiie eioi?iaoeeiiiie
i?ic?a/iinoe, iaeaieaa aaaeiie /a?oie eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee
yaeyaony aiciiaeiinoue (a 1999 aiaeo, aa?iyoii, aua iioaioeeaeueiay)
aeoaieie e ioiineoaeueii i?iecaieueiie ia?ano?ieee ianniaiai niciaiey.

Aeaei a oii, /oi, a ioee/ea io o?aaeeoeeiiiuo «iaoa?eaeueiuo»
oaoiieiaee, i?iaeoeoii eioi?uo yaeyaony oiaa?, i?iaeoeoii
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee aieae-iaaieae yaeyaony ii?aaeaeaiiia
ninoiyiea /aeiaa/aneiai niciaiey, a oii /enea ianniaiai. Aieaa oiai:
cia/eoaeueiay /anoue eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee ecia/aeueii
i?aaeiacia/aia eiaiii aeey oaeie ia?ano?ieee niciaiey, eiay aa a
ea/anoaa aeaaiie oeaee aicaeaenoaey.

Aeeyoue ia niciaiea ieacaeinue iaiiiai yooaeoeaiae, /ai ia iaoa?eae.
Naycaiiua n oaeei aeeyieai oaoiieiaee oaea iieo/eee iacaaiea «high-hume»
a i?ioeaiaan o?aaeeoeeiiiiio «high-tech’o». Anee ?aiueoa oaoiieiaee auee
iai?aaeaiu ia iaoa?eth, oi oaia?ue iie ia?aiaoeaeeaathony ia
iauanoaaiiia niciaiea, iauanoaaiioth eoeueoo?o. Iiieii auni/aeoae
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, oaoiieiaee «high-hume» ioee/athony aua e
auni/aeoae eciai/eainoueth, oi anoue iaeneiaeueiie nei?inoueth
i?ia?anna.

Ieiia?u eo inaiaiey – NOA – i?eaeaeatho iaeaieaa iiaeeueioth e iioiio
yooaeoeaioth oi?io oeiainiaiai eaieoaea – niaeoeyoeaiue eaieoae – a
nicaeaiea iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiiai aeaea oaoiieiaee – eioi?iaoeeiiiuo.
I?eaea/aiea oaeiai eaieoaea a nicaeaiea iau/iuo oaoiieiaee, eae
iieacuaaao iiuo ?acaeaathueony no?ai, iaaiciiaeai ec-ca «iaaeeaiiinoe»
iaeioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee: inouanoaeaiea ethaiai i?iaeoa, naycaiiiai
n ieie, o?aaoao ea/anoaaiii aieueoa a?aiaie, /ai oi, ia eioi?ia aioia
aeeaaeuaaoueny o?aaeeoeeiiii «ei?ioeee» niaeoeyoeaiue eaieoae.

A ?acoeueoaoa iaaethaeaaony ?ac?ooeoaeueiia ianiaiaaeaiea nei?inoe
aeaeaeaiey niaeoeyoeaiiai eaieoaea e nicaeaiey o?aaeeoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee. Oe?ieiianooaaiua aeiaeaiey niaeoeyoeaiiai eaieoaea
iayooaeoeaiu aeey iaoeeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee eiaiii ec-ca yoiai: ii
ooiaeeo, ia oniaa nicaeaoue ie/aai ?aaeueiiai e inoaaeyy iinea naay
iaeie ?ac?ooaiey.

Iaeiaei nei?inoue ?acaeoey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee ea/anoaaiii auoa,
/ai iau/iuo. Iiyoiio iie – aaeeinoaaiiue aeae oaoiieiaee, ii ioiioaieth
e eioi?ui «ei?ioeee», niaeoeyoeaiue eaieoae ieacuaaaony ii?iaeueiui
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiui. Eo oaoiieiae/aneee oeeee ianoieueei iae, /oi
niioaaonoaoao nei?inoe ia?auaiey oeiainiaiai eaieoaea.

Iiyoiio iaaeoaaiea «iueueiiai oiiaeiaiai iocu?y» aia?eeaineie
yeiiiieeie ia no?aoii: ii oieueei nia?oaee auaeyaeeo, eae iueueiue
niaeoeyoeaiue iocu?ue. Ia naiii aea aeaea eueaeiay aeiey yoeo aiaoia
niaeoeyoeaiuo eiaanoeoeee iai?aaeyaony a eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee e ca
n/ao onei?aiiiai oaiia eo ?acaeoey iineo aeey eo iieo/aoaey aiieia
ii?iaeueiue i?iecaiaenoaaiiue, a ia niaeoeyoeaiue oa?aeoa?.

A yoii i?eioeeieaeueiia i?aeiouanoai aia?eeaineie yeiiiieee ia?aae
yeiiiieeaie ae?oaeo no?ai ie?a. A yoii – caeia aa n?aaeian?i/iie
onoie/eainoe a i?aaenoiyueo aeiaaeueiuo oeiainiauo iio?ynaieyo e iiaaaeu
a ie?iaii oeiainiaii e?ecena, iaeeaeathuainy a oa/aiea 1-2 eao.

I cia/aiee ?acee/ee a nei?inoe oaoiieiae/aneiai a?aiaie

Cia/aiea oaeoi?a a?aiaie a iiauo oneiaeyo aeinoaoi/ii iaaeyaeii
eeethno?e?oaony ianniauie aaie?ionoaaie eiiiuethoa?iuo oe?i a NOA. Iie
aucaaiu oai, /oi aiaae?aiea iiauo oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eioeeiia o?aaoao
a?aiaie, ca eioi?ia iie oniaaatho ii?aeueii onoa?aoue.

Oaeei ia?acii, eiiiaiey, iai?aaeaoay /anoue ?ano?nia ec noa?u
oaoiieiae/aneie aiiee ia i?aeoe/aneoth ?aaeecaoeeth iiauo ?aoaiee,
auoiaeeo yoei, iaaeeaiiue ianooaa «oaoiieiae/aneiai a?aiaie» e
i?iea?uaaao naiei eiieo?aioai, inoathueiny a ciia «/enoie» noa?a
?ac?aaioee iiauo eaeae, a eioi?ie oaoiieiae/aneia a?aiy oa/ao aieaa
auno?i.

Iaeiaei i?eiaiaiea oaoiieiaee «high-hume» naycaii e n iianiinoyie. Oae,
eaaeouayny eaaeinoue e aaciaeacaiiinoue aicaeaenoaey ia niciaiea
ii?iaeaeaao e iaeaieaa iianioth i?ioanneiiaeueioth aieaciue ?aaioieeia
noa?u public relations – niaeaci ?aoaoue i?iaeaiu ia ?aaeueii, a
«i?iiuaeie iicaia» eee, anee iieueciaaoueny aieaa ei??aeoiui iaiaoeeei
aiaeiaii yoiai aia?eeaineiai oa?ieia, «iannaaeai aeoo».

N yoei naycaia ia?aay i?iaeaia “high-hume”: oaeaeoenue eie, nenoaia
oi?aaeaiey (ainoaea?noaa eee ei?ii?aoeee) ia/eiaao caieiaoueny
naiiaeiiicii, /oi aeaeaao aa iaaaeaeaaoiie. Yoi i?eioeeieaeueii:
oaoiieiaee “high-hume” iianiu ia oieueei aeey iauaeoa aicaeaenoaey, ii e
aeey i?eiaiythuaai eo, oae eae ia?ano?aeaatho e aai niciaiea oiaea.

Aoi?ay i?iaeaia: aeey aeinoeaeaiey iieeoe/aneiai ?acoeueoaoa
iieueciaaoaeth “high-hume”’a aeinoaoi/ii oi?ie?iaaoue ioaeiue oei
niciaiey o ia aieaa /ai 20% ianaeaiey, ninoaaeythueo yeeoo iauanoaa,
aeeythuoth ia i?eiyoea ?aoaiee e neoaeauae i?eia?ii aeey iiae?aaeaiey.

Oneeey a yoii iai?aaeaiee aeinoaoi/ii i?i/ii ioaeaeytho yeeoo io
iniiaiie iannu ianaeaiey e nicaeatho a iauanoaa aioo?aiiaa i?ioeai?a/ea
iaaeaeo naiicaaeiiioece?iaaiiie yeeoie e ia?iaeii. Aieaa oiai: yeeoa,
ioaeaeeaoenue io ia?iaea, ia/eiaao aini?eieiaoue oieueei eaeae,
niioaaonoaothuea aa onoaiiaeai. A ?acoeueoaoa 80% eioaeeaeooaeueiiai
iioaioeeaea iauanoaa ?ano?a/eaaaony – a oi a?aiy eae i?e iau/iie
aeaiie?aoee e aeaaea ai iiiaeo aeaeao ioiineoaeueii aaoi?eoa?iuo
?aaeeiia ia nouanoaoao aeaoo iainiaeaiiuo oeiia niciaiey, e ?iaeaeaiiua
a iecao eaeae ii ?acee/iui eaieeey?iui nenoaiai ana-oaee aeeoooiaee?otho
ia naiue aa?o.

Oaeei ia?acii, iineaaeiaaoaeueiia i?eiaiaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee
e yeeoa iauanoaa ia?aie/eaaao i?ino?ainoai aeaiie?aoe/aneeo iaoaieciia
naiie yeeoie e oai naiui nie?auaao iioaioeeae iauanoaa. Iu aeaeaee yoi
ia i?eia?a ?inneeneeo ?aoi?iaoi?ia 1992-98 aiaeia, ca n/ao i?eiaiaiey e
naaa naiei ia?aaeiauo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee noiaaoeo ca naiue eao
naiaai ainiiaenoaa ioi?aaoueny io ianaeaiey aaeaa ee ia neeueiaa, /ai
eiiioienou – ca naiueaeanyo eao naiaai.

A ?acoeueoaoa aicieeaao ia?aaeien: i?e i?ioeaiai?noaa n
iaeioi?iaoeeiiiui iauanoaii aieaa ia?aaeiaia eioi?iaoeeiiiia aeieaeii
ieacuaaoueny iaiaa aeaeei e aaeaioeaiui e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaiaa
aeecianiiniaiui, oioy e aieaa neeueiui. Ia a yoii ee ninoieo iaeia ec
i?e/ei ia?aaeienaeueiie aeecianiiniaiinoe aaoi?eoa?iuo ?aaeeiia a eiioea
OO aaea?

Aiciiaeii, aeaiiue oaiiiai yaeyaony «ano?iaiiie aa?aioeae» io
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai eiia?eaeecia, io iiae/eiaiey ie?a iaeiie, iaeaieaa
eioi?iaoece?iaaiiie no?aia. A iieiia iiaeaaeaiea niciaiee ae?oaeo no?ai
eioi?iaoeeiiiuie oaoiieiaeyie iaaiciiaeii ec-ca ?acee/ee a eoeueoo?a,
eioi?ay aaoiiaoe/anee ionoaeaaao ieieiaeueiue eioaeeaeooaeueiue e
eioi?iaoeeiiiue noaa?aieoao eaaeaeie iaoeee. Ii oiiaaoue ia yoi eae ia
iniiaiia ?aoaiea a?yaeoueo i?iaeai a oneiaeyo iinoaiaiiie eioaa?aoeee
eoeueoo? a iaeio iauaie?iaoth (ia ia?aii yoaia a o?e iniiaiuo –
o?enoeaineoth, eneaineoth e aoaeaeeeneoth) neeoeii iaeaii.

?anniao?eaay /anoiue neo/ae eioi?iaoeeiiiie aieiu – “eoeueoo?ioth
aa?anneth” (oi anoue iaaycuaaiea naiae eoeueoo?u iauanoao, iioaioeeaeo
eioi?iai iia ia niioaaonoaoao) eae eino?oiaio iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiieo?aioeee (i?eiaiyaiue iiea a iniiaiii iainiciaiii, a ii?yaeea
caaiaaaiey ?uieia nauoa aeey oiaa?ia – iineoaeae aeaiiie eoeueoo?u),
neaaeoao ?aoeoaeueii ia?aioeaieoue ?ieue o?aaeeoeee.

O?aaeeoeee – ineoieiae/aneay caueoa io iiaiai: iiiuoea aeeoue, eae
aoaeoi ie/aai ia neo/eeinue. A oneiaeyo iiiuoie ia?ano?ieee ianniaiai
niciaiey yaiuo e iioaioeeaeueiuo eiieo?aioia o?aaeeoeee noaiiayony ia
no?aoneiui i?yoaieai aieiau a ianie, ii ieieiecaoeeae iaaaoeaiuo
iineaaenoaee ia?aiai «yai/iui ii?yaeeii»: iiiuoeie «ioiaiu
eaii?e?iaaieai» yoeo ia?aiai eee ioiaiu iaeneiaeueiie eo /anoe. Oi anoue
yoi noeoeeiia io?aaeaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiie aoaee eioi?iaoeeiiiui aea
iaoiaeii.

* * *

Iienaiiia naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi iiyaeaiea e ?ani?ino?aiaiea
iaoaoaoiieiaee nieaeaao cia/aiea oeiainiauo ?ano?nia n oi/ee c?aiey
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iauanoa e ei?ii?aoeee: anee ?aiueoa iie auee
aeaaiui enoi/ieeii iiaouanoaa, oi oaia?ue noaiiayony eeoue aai
neaaenoaeai. Aeaaiui enoi/ieeii ?uii/iie neeu noaiiaeony eioaeeaeo,
aiieiuaiiue a i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo?ao enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo e ?uii/iuo
ei?ii?aoeee, nicaeathueo iaoaoaoiieiaee e oaea?aeeaathuea eiio?ieue ca
ieie.

Ia?ao?ace?oy I.O?eaeiaia, iiaeii neacaoue, /oi n aicieeiiaaieai
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iauanoaa aeaiueae ia/eiatho oa?youe naia cia/aiea.
I?e/eia a oii, /oi nianoaaiiinoue ia iaoaoaoiieiaee a i?eioeeia, ii
/enoi oaoiieiae/aneei i?e/eiai i?aaie/anee iaio/oaeaeaaia io eo
aeaaeaeueoea – nicaeaaoaai e iiaeaea?aeeaathuaai eo eioaeeaeoa.

Iaoaoaoiieiaee ana a aieueoae noaiaie aoaeoo i?aa?auaoueny ai «aoi?oth
i?e?iaeo», ia?acoy ?aiee e caaeaaay oneiaey ?acaeoey ee/iinoe e
/aeiaa/anoaa a oeaeii. A yoii ea/anoaa iie iinoaiaiii aoaeoo caiaiyoue
?uii/iua ioiioaiey e i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, auiieiythuea yoe ooieoeee n
iiiaioa iiyaeaiey aeaiaa. A ii?aaeaeaiiii niunea neiaa «aoi?ay
i?e?iaea», ia?aciaaiiay iaoaoaoiieiaeyie, noaiao aeey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
iauanoaa oaeei aea aiaoiei ia?aie/aieai e noeioeii ?acaeoey, eaeei aeey
ia?aiauoiiiaueiiiai iauanoaa auea «ia?aay» i?e?iaea.

1. 2. Iiaua ?ano?nu aeey iiauo oaoiieiaee

?aniaae NNN? aeae ?acaeoui no?aiai oaeoth oeiainiaoth e
eioaeeaeooaeueioth iiaeieoeo, /oi iie niiaee «ia aai einoyo» ea/anoaaiii
onei?eoue naia ?acaeoea (?acee/ea i?eaioaoeee e, niioaaonoaaiii,
ia?niaeoea Aa?iiu e NOA eo/oa anaai iieacuaaao oi, /oi ia?aay aieoaea
oeiainu, a aoi?ua – eioaeeaeo). Oaeei ia?acii, iiaaaeea a «oieiaeiie
aieia», ?acaeoua no?aiu ia i?inoi oie/oiaeeee naiaai aeiaaeueiiai
i?ioeaieea, eae iu i?eaueee aeoiaoue. Iie naeaeaee ai?acaei aieueoaa:
iie caoaaoeee e inaieee aai ?ano?nu – i?aaaea, eniieueciaaaoeany ec ?oe
aii ieioi (nioeeaeeci ioee/aeny io eaieoaeecia a oii /enea e oai, /oi,
aioiay eo/oea a ie?a /aeiaa/aneea ?ano?nu, iauaaeeiye eo a i?aaiecaoeee
ooaeoeie niiniaaie).

I?eioeeieaeueii aaaeii, /oi a iiaii, eioi?iaoeeiiiii,
iinoeiaeono?eaeueiii ie?a aaaeiaeoea ?ano?nu – yoi oaea ia i?ino?ainoai
n cae?aieaiiuie ia iai ethaeueie e i?iecaiaenoaii, a a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue
oeiainu e eioaeeaeo, eaaei ia?aoaeathuea n oa??eoi?ee ia oa??eoi?eth.

Eiaiii iiyoiio i?ecua e «iiaui aa?yaai» ec ?acaeouo no?ai «i?eaeeoa e
i?aaueoa» oaea ia eiae niunea a 90-a aiaeu: aaaeue iiaua eeth/aaua
?ano?nu ?acaeoey ia eiatho oa??eoi?eaeueiie «i?eaycee»! Naaiaeiy
yooaeoeaiia inaiaiea oa??eoi?ee ninoieo oaea ia a icaei?iaeaiee
iaoiaeyuaainy ia iae iauanoaa, ii, iai?ioea, a iainiaeaiee aioo?e iaai n
iineaaeothuei ecuyoeai ec iaai iniiaiie /anoe caei?iauo e i?ia?anneaiuo
yeaiaioia, oi anoue ethaeae – iineoaeae oeiainia e eioaeeaeoa.

I?e oaeii inaiaiee i?ia?ann aieaa ?acaeoiai, «inaaeaathuaai» iauanoaa
eaeao ca n/ao aeaa?aaeaoeee «inaaeaaaiiai», i?e/ai ianooaau
aeaa?aaeaoeee ?ac?ooaaiiai iauanoaa e oo?aou aai eoeueoo?u, eae anaaaea
i?e «?acaeoee ca n/ao ?ac?ooaiey», i?aainoiaeyo auea?uo a eoeueoo?a e
i?ia?anna aieaa ?acaeoiai iauanoaa. A ioee/ea io o?aaeeoeeiiiuo,
aa?iiie/iuo i?ioeannia ?acaeoey ?acaeoea ca n/ao /oaeie aeaa?aaeaoeee
anaaaea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie «ea?o n io?eoeaoaeueiie noiiie».

Oaeei ia?acii, ?ani?ino?aiaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee ea/anoaaiii
eciaieei ioiineoaeueioth oeaiiinoue ?ano?nia, auaeaeioa ia ia?aue ieai
noaaoea iaeaieaa iiaeeueiuie eioaeeaeo e oeiainu. Yoi eciaieei
nio?oaeie/anoai iaaeaeo ?acaeouie e ?acaeaathueieny no?aiaie:
niceaeaoaeueiia inaiaiea aoi?uo ia?auie i?e iiiiue i?yiuo eiaanoeoeee a
?aaeueiue naeoi? ia/aei onooiaoue ianoi ?ac?ooeoaeueiiio inaiaieth i?e
iiiiue ecuyoey oeiainiauo e eioaeeaeooaeueiuo ?ano?nia.

Eiaiii iniuneaiea ?aaeee e iineaaenoaee yoiai ia?aoiaea ii?iaeeei
oai?eth «eii/aiuo no?ai»: iiaeaa?aioaoenue aicaeaenoaeth iiaiai,
«eioi?iaoeeiiiiai» eiia?eaeecia, ?acaeaathueany no?aiu aeaenoaeoaeueii
noaiiayony «eii/aiuie», aacaica?aoii oa?yy ia oieueei aaaeiaeoea –
eioaeeaeooaeueiua – ?ano?nu ?acaeoey, ii e niiniaiinoue eo
i?iecaiaeeoue. Yoi iieiinoueth eeoaao eo anyeie enoi?e/aneie
ia?niaeoeau.

1.3. Iaanoeaiaiia «noa?uo» oaoiieiaee

Iaia?aoeiia ionoaaaiea ?acaeaathueony no?ai aicieeaao ia oieueei ec-ca
auiuaaiey ec ieo iaeaieaa oeaiiuo a iiauo oneiaeyo ?ano?nia, ii e
aeaaiaea?y iaaeaieth iieaciinoe o?aaeeoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia e oaoiieiaee,
eioi?uie yoe iauanoaa ?aniieaaatho. Aaaeue aaaeiaeoei n oi/ee c?aiey
i?aeoe/aneie iieeoeee ?acoeueoaoii eaaeaeiai iiaiai yoaia ?acaeoey
/aeiaa/anoaa yaeyaony ioiineoaeueiia iaanoeaiaiea anao «noa?uo»
oaoiieiaee e i?iaeoeoia eo i?eiaiaiey ii ia?a ?ani?ino?aiaiey iiauo.

Aeaiiia iaanoeaiaiea oai aeoaaea, /ai aieaa i?eieoeaiuie yaeythony
«noa?ua» oaoiieiaee e /ai iaiaa iiiiiieece?iaaiiuie e aieaa
eiieo?aioiuie yaeythony ?uiee i?iaeoeoeee yoeo oaoiieiaee. A
niioaaonoaee n yoei i?aaeeii ca n/ao ?ani?ino?aiaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee i?ienoiaeeo ioiineoaeueiia iaanoeaiaiea a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue
oaoiieiaee aeiauaathuae i?iiuoeaiiinoe. A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue yoio
i?ioeann cao?aaeaaao iaooue, ie?iaie ?uiie eioi?ie eeaa?aeeciaai a
iaeaieueoae noaiaie.

A naaoa yoiai i/a?aaeiia iaaeaiea aa ie?iaie oeaiu (a 1999 aiaeo, ii
ioeaieai, aei o?iaiy ia aieaa 8 aeieea?ia ca aa??aeue) aucaaii ia
noieueei niaeaoaieai ei?ii?aoeee NOA e Naoaeianeie A?aaee, neieueei
ian?aaiaiii aieaa aeoaieei oaeoi?ii: neeaaeuaaieai ea/anoaaiii iiaiai –
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai – oaoiieiae/aneiai oeeaaea, eioi?ue naiei oaeoii naiaai
iiyaeaiey ia/ae iaoeeiiiia iaanoeaiaiea i?aaeoanoaothueo oeeaaeia.

Iiyoiio nieaeaiea ie?iauo oeai ia nu?uea e , a aieaa oe?ieii niunea, ia
i?iaeoeou ioiineoaeueii iaei eioaeeaeooaeueiiai o?oaea, noaiao iniiaiie
oaiaeaioeeae, ionooieaiey io eioi?ie inoaioony ianouanoaaiiuie
oeoeooaoeeyie. A yoii niunea NOA, aeoeaii «na?anuaaaoea» ca ?oaaae oaea
ia noieueei yeieiae/anee, neieueei «eioaeeaeooaeueii a?yciua», oi anoue
neeoeii i?inoua, i?iecaiaenoaa, iaeneiaeueii cano?aoiaaee naay io
iaaaoeaiuo iineaaenoaee naiaai aea oaoiieiae/aneiai ?uaea.

* * *

Eoae, iniiaiua iineaaenoaey ?acaeoey iiauo oaoiieiaee:

oaeoaeaiea e i?eia?aoaiea ieii/aoaeueiiai, i?e nio?aiaiee neiaeeaoeony
oaiaeaioeee – iai?aiaeieeiiai oa?aeoa?a ?ac?uaaie iaaeaeo:

?acaeouie e anaie inoaeueiuie no?aiaie;

nicaeathueie iiaua oaoiieiae/aneea i?eioeeiu ?acaeouie no?aiaie
(aiciiaeii, eiaao niune eniieueciaaoue oa?iei «iaeaieaa ?acaeoua
no?aiu») e inoaeueiuie ?acaeouie no?aiaie;

iainiaeaiea ai anao no?aiao a?oii ethaeae, ?aaioathueo n
«eioi?iaoeeiiiuie oaoiieiaeyie», ai aioo?aiiaa «eioi?iaoeeiiiia
niiauanoai»; ia?aoaeaiea yoiai niiauanoaa a ?acaeoua no?aiu ec
inoaeueiiai ie?a aei iieiiai nin?aaeioi/aiey yoiai niiauanoaa oieueei a
?acaeouo no?aiao; iinoaiaiiay eiioeaio?aoeey iniiaiie /anoe
«eioi?iaoeeiiiiai niiauanoaa» ie?a a «iaeaieaa ?acaeouo» no?aiao;

i?ae?auaiea eee ?aceia caiaaeeaiea i?ia?anna (ii e?aeiae ia?a,
oaoie/aneiai) ca i?aaeaeaie ?acaeouo no?ai; nioeeaeueiay e oeiainiaay
aeaa?aaeaoeey ?acaeaathueony no?ai;

nie?auaiea ec-ca aeanoeie eiieo?aioeee /enea ?acaeouo e iaeaieaa
?acaeouo no?ai.

IAEIOI?UA IINEAAeNOAEss

AEIAAEECAOeEE ?UIEIA

2.1. Aeiaaeecaoeey eiieo?aioeee – aeiaaeecaoeey iiiiiieee

Ia i?ioeann ?ani?ino?aiaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee iaeeaaeuaaaony
au?anoathuee ec iaai, ii ia iaiaa aaaeiue i?ioeann aeiaaeecaoeee.
Oi?ie?iaaiea aaeeiuo iauaie?iauo ?uieia, ii e?aeiae ia?a a oeiainiaie
noa?a, e iinoaiaiiay eioaa?aoeey aeiaaeueiuo ?uieia ?acee/iuo oeiainiauo
eino?oiaioia a aaeeiue ie?iaie ?uiie oeiainia noaaeo ia iiaanoeo aeiy
aii?in i aicieeiiaaiee aeiaaeueiuo iiiiiieee.

I?e/eia yoiai i?inoa: aaeeiue ?uiie iaeuecy iiaeaeeoue.

Ecaanoiua i?eia?u ?acaeaeaiey ?uieia eeai auee e?aeia iaaeieaiaa/iu ii
ioiioaieth e n?ieo aeecie ainiiaenoaothuaai oiaa?a, eeai iniiauaaeenue
ia iauaeoeaiuo i?aiyonoaeyo, cao?oaeiyaoeo aeinooi /anoe eiieo?aioia e
eaeei-eeai i?eioeeieaeueii aaaeiui yeaiaioai ?uieia.

Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee, aei ieieioia nieaeay o?ainaeoeeiiiua
ecaea?aeee e «oeaio aoiaea» ia aeiaaeueiua oeiainiaua ?uiee,
oie/oiaeatho yoe i?aiyonoaey, ono?aiyy oai naiui e «caoeaiee» aeey
anyeiai oioue neieueei-ieaoaeue onoie/eaiai ?acaeaea yoeo ?uieia. N?ie
aea aeecie ainiiaenoaothuaai oiaa?a – eioi?iaoeee – ono?aieyaony e
ioeth, /oi aeaeaao i?aeoe/anee iaaiciiaeiui aeaaea a?aiaiiue ?acaeae
aeaiiuo ?uieia.

A ?acoeueoaoa aicieeiiaaiea aeiaaeueiuo iiiiiieee eaeao iaeiia?aiaiii a
aeaoo iai?aaeaieyo:

oi?ie?iaaiea aeiaaeueiuo iiiiiieee ia aeiaaeueiuo ?uieao ioaeaeueiuo
oeiainiauo eino?oiaioia;

oi?ie?iaaiea aaeeiie aeiaaeueiie iiiiiieee a ?acoeueoaoa eioaa?aoeee
oeacaiiuo ?uieia (nieaeaiey «oeaiu ia?aoiaea» n iaeiiai ia ae?oaie aei
i?aiaa?aaeeii iaeiai o?iaiy).

A ?iee iineaaeiae iiiiiieee ana a aieueoae noaiaie aunooiaao
aia?eeaineia ainoaea?noai, oanii acaeiiaeaenoaothuaa a aace?othueieny ia
oa??eoi?ee NOA o?ainiaoeeiiaeueiuie ei?ii?aoeeyie, a oii /enea
oeiainiauie, iiiaea ec eioi?uo a neeo niaoeeoeee naiae aeayoaeueiinoe ia
ioaeaeathony a i?aaiecaoeeiiiii ioi?ieaiee.

Aeaei eaeao e oiio, /oi ie?iaay iieeoeea nei?i ia?anoaiao nouanoaiaaoue
ia o?iaia ainoaea?noa, ia?aianoeaoenue, n iaeiie noi?iiu, ia
iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiue o?iaaiue aeiaaeueiuo a?oii eaieoaeia e oaoiieiaee, n
ae?oaie – ia aioo?aiiee o?iaaiue iieeoe/aneie aeecie no?aiu,
eiio?iee?othuae iniiaioth /anoue yoeo eaieoaeia e oaoiieiaee.

(Oae, aua a 1997 aiaeo, ai a?aiy ?anoeaaoa i?iaia?eeaineie «eiiaiaeu
iieiaeuo ?aoi?iaoi?ia», ?inneeneea eiaaenou n ecoieaieai iaia?oaeeee,
/oi noa?a iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiiai eiaae?iaaiey ?yaea aii?inia aioo?aiiae
?inneeneie iieeoeee ia?aianoeeanue n o?iaiy I?aaeoaeuenoaa e
Aaeieieno?aoeee I?aceaeaioa ?innee ia o?iaaiue Eiia?anna e
aaeieieno?aoeee NOA. Oae i?e NNN? aeey ?aoaiey i?eioeeieaeueiuo aii?inia
?acaeoey nithciuo ?anioaeee eee iaeanoae iaaei auei «auoiaeeoue» ia ia
eo nianoaaiiia ?oeiaiaenoai, a ia eo?aoi?ia niioaaonoaothueo iai?aaeaiee
a Iineaa – a OeE EINN e Niaieia).

2.2. «Aa?i»: caiae/eaaaiua oa?icu e ?ac?ooeoaeueiue yaieci

A 1999 aiaeo iaa ninoaaiuo /anoe i?ioeanna aeiaaeecaoeee iiiiiieee
aoaeoo i?ioaeaoue ia oiia aaaeiaeoaai niauoey aaea – caionea i?ioeanna
aaaaeaiey «aa?i». Ia/aei aa?iiaeneie aaethoiie eioaa?aoeee noaiao ia?aie
iinea aicieeiiaaiey a ia/aea 90-o iauaie?iaiai oeiainiaiai ?uiea
?aaeueiie, oi anoue eiathuae oainu ia oniao iiiuoeie oaeoaeaiey
?aaeiiaeueiie eioaa?aoeee aei o?iaiy, i?aainoiaeyuaai eioaa?aoeeth
aeiaaeueioth.

Aaaaeaiea «aa?i» oiaiueoeo aaethoiua ?aca?au aaieianeeo nenoai ie?a (a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue Aa?iiu) e aunaiaiaeeo ec ieo cia/eoaeueiia eiee/anoai
aeieea?ia (oieueei ec Eeoay – aeanyoee ieeeea?aeia aeieea?ia).

E?iia oiai, ?an/aou ia aa?iiaeneii ?uiea yia?aiiineoaeae eaeoo a
aeieea?ao. Ia?aaiae yoeo ?an/aoia a «aa?i», eioi?ia iinea aaaaeaiey
iineaaeiaai noaiiaeony aii?inii a?aiaie, ionoue aeaaea e aeeeoaeueiiai,
aunaiaiaeeo eae ieieioi ianeieueei aeanyoeia ieeeea?aeia aeieea?ia.

Iaeiiaoe, iieoiaoaeueiay niiniaiinoue naiie e?oiiie aa?iiaeneie
aaieiiou a 500 «aa?i» aoaeao auoa iieoiaoaeueiie niiniaiinoe iaeaieueoae
aaieiiou NOA a 100 aeieea?ia. Yoi ia?aaaaeao a «aa?i» iniiaioth /anoue
e?oiiuo iaee/iuo noii Aa?iiu, i?e/ai ia oieueei a no?aiao aaethoiiai
nithca, ii e a eo ninaaeyo, – oaeaea aeanyoee ieeeea?aeia aeieea?ia.

Ionoonoaea o ?oeiaiaenoaa «aa?iciiu» aeaeeiie icaai/aiiinoe
aeaeueiaeoae noaeueaie yoeo aeieea?ia iineo oa?aeoa? e?aeia
?ac?ooeoaeueiie ianneaiinoe ia oieueei aeey NOA, ii e aeey inoaeueiiai
ie?a. Oaeoe/anee yoa ianneaiinoue i?iaioee?oao NOA ia oneeey ii
aeiiieieoaeueiie aeanoaaeeecaoeee ie?iaie oeiainiaie nenoaiu.

Aaaeue, /oiau «aa?i-» e «/aeia-» aeieea?u ia aa?ioeenue a NOA e ia
aeanoaaeeece?iaaee eo, iie aeieaeiu auoue «aieoaiu» ae?oaeie no?aiaie.
Oaeia «aieouaaiea» ie?iaie ?aca?aiie aaethou a cia/eoaeueiuo ianooaaao,
niiinoaaeiuo n aa aunaiaiaeaeaieai a oiaea aaaaeaiey «aa?i», i?ienoiaeeo
oieueei a oneiaeyo aeoaieie yeiiiie/aneie aeanoaaeeecaoeee.

Oaeei ia?acii, yaienoe/iia ?aaiiaeooea aa?iiaeoeaa e aeaaiiieo/eth eo
iniiaiiai aeiaaeueiiai eiieo?aioa – NOA – a no?aoaae/aneii ieaia
iauaeoeaii i?iaioee?oao iineaaeiaai ia aeano?oeoeaiua oaae ii ioiioaieth
ia noieueei e «aa?iciia», yeiiiie/aneay iiuue eioi?ie ia ia?aii yoaia
aeinoaoi/ii iaaeaaeii iaa?aaaao aa io e?aoein?i/iuo aicaeaenoaee,
neieueei e o?aoueei, yeiiiie/anee iaiaa onoie/eaui no?aiai, yaeythueiny
iiyoiio aeaaii?eyoiui iioaioeeaeueiui ?aoeeieaioii aunaiaiaeaeathuaeny
aeieea?iaie iannu.

Iaeaieaa oa?iaeaaiuie ?aaeiiaie yaeythony Eaoeineay Aia?eea (a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue A?aceeey), iaeioi?ua no?aiu THai-Ainoi/iie e, a ia?niaeoeaa,
Eeoae.

2.3. Ia?niaeoeau aeiaaeueiie oeiainiaie eiieo?aioeee: caiaaeeaiea
oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ia?anna

Iaeiaei noa?eeecaoeey aeieea?ia iooai aeaci?aaiecaoeee iaoeeiiaeueiuo
yeiiiiee – ia ?aoaiea i?iaeaiu, ionoue aeaaea e eceeoia aei?iaei aeey
/aeiaa/anoaa ia?acii, ii eeoue niinia ion?i/eoue yoi ?aoaiea.

Ieii/aoaeueiuo e i?eoii ?aaeueiuo aa?eaioia oaeiai ?aoaiey aeaa.

Ia?aue – inouanoaeaiea aeieain?i/iuo aeiaeaiee aunaiaiaeaeathueony
aeieea?ia a e?oiiua i?iaeou a ciiao niaianoiiai aeeyiey NOA e Aa?iiu
(iai?eia?, ?aeiino?oeoeee ?inneeneiai O?ainneaa ?aaee nicaeaiey aaeeiie
o?ainaa?aceeneie iaaeno?aee «Eiiaeii – Oieei»). Oae eae ?inney
iieeoe/anee iiea aua inoaaony a ciia aeeyiey NOA, a yeiiiie/anee
oyaioaao e Aa?iia, noa?eeecaoeey ecauoi/iuo aeieea?ia ie?a ia aa
oa??eoi?ee aoaeao aeey NOA iaiaiii /anoe naiaai aaiiieeoe/aneiai aeeyiey
ia e?aoei- e n?aaeian?i/ioth yeiiiie/aneoth aaciianiinoue.

Yoio aa?eaio o?aaoao ia oieueei eiino?oeoeaiiai iiaeoiaea e i?iaeaia
(iai?eia?, ii iauaeoeaii niioaaonoaoao iio?aaiinoyi «ia?aa?aoie»
yiiineie yeiiiieee), ii e niaeaney ?inneeneiai iauanoaa ia naia aeoaieia
icaei?iaeaiea eee oioy au aioiaiinoe e iaio.

Aoi?ie aa?eaio – eniieueciaaiea ia?aaeuoee, iieo/aaiie ca n/ao iooiea
aeieea?ia a aeanoaaeeece?othueany «ia?eoa?eeiua» yeiiiieee ie?a, aeey
i?aaiecaoeee «eiaiaiai» eiieo?aioiiai noieeiiaaiey n «aa?iciiie», neaaui
i?aaeaanoeai eioi?iai auee noieeiiaaiey n aua ia iauaaeeiaiiie
aa?iiaeneie yeiiiieeie a naioya?a 1992 aiaea e n oieueei ia/aaoeie
aei?iao e eioaa?aoeee yeiiiieeaie THai-Ainoi/iie Acee – ai aoi?ie
iieiaeia 1997 aiaea.

Yoio noeaia?ee iicaieyao NOA caoaaoeoue no?aoaae/aneoth eieoeeaoeao e
naiinoiyoaeueii auae?aoue a?aiy, noa?o e oa?aeoa? aeaiiiai noieeiiaaiey,
/oi (o/eouaay oaeoi? aiacaiiinoe) aeano ei i?aeiouanoai.

I?e noaoe/iii ?anniio?aiee ia?niaeoea oaeiai noieeiiaaiey,
iniiauaathuainy ia niiinoaaeaiee eiathueony caiania ?ano?nia, aaconeiaii
i?aeiouanoaaiiuie i?aaenoaaeythony oainu Aa?iiu. Iaeiaei niiinoaaeaiea a
aeeiaieea, n o/aoii ?acee/iiai o?iaiy cao?ao, ?anoouae ?iee iaeaieaa
nia?aiaiiuo oaoiieiaee e oaeoe/anee «anoanoaaiiie» (iinea oie/oiaeaiey
NNN?) iiiiiieee NOA ia iaeaaeaiea eie e ia ?acaeoea eo, inouanoaeaiiia n
o/aoii ea?aeeiaeueiuo ioee/ee aia?eeaineie e aa?iiaeneie ath?ie?aoee
(ia?aay oai?eo, aoi?ay nouanoaoao) canoaaeyao a aeieain?i/iie
ia?niaeoeaa naeaeaoue ?aoeoaeueiue auaiae a iieueco NOA.

Aeeyiea «aeeiaie/aneeo» oaeoi?ia ea/anoaa oaoiieiaee e ath?ie?aoee ia
nia?aiaiioth eiieo?aioeeth einaaiii aeaeii i?e niiinoaaeaiee iioa?ue,
iiianaiiuo aa?iiaeneeie e aia?eeaineeie eaieoaeaie a THai-Ainoi/iie Acee
e ?innee: a iaieo neo/ayo i?e ethauo niiniaao ioeaiee oauoee aa?iiaeoeaa
ia ii?yaeie i?aauoaee iioa?e aia?eeaioeaa. I?e yoii, anee a NOA iioa?e
ianee a iniiaiii auniei?eneiaua no?oeoo?u, iaoiaeyueany ia ia?eoa?ee
iaoeeiiaeueiie oeiainiaie nenoaiu, oi a Aa?iia – i?aeiouanoaaiii aaiee,
ia?acothuea aa na?aeoeaaeio.

Iao iniiaaiey iieaaaoue, /oi a aeeaeaeoea aiaeu niioiioaiea
yooaeoeaiinoe aeaoo oeiainiai-oi?aaeai/aneeo nenoai ?acei eciaieony.

E?iia oiai, NOA anaaaea iiaoo i?iaanoe a oie eee eiie oi?ia
aeene?eieiaoeeth ii e?aeiae ia?a iaee/iie /anoe naieo aeieea?ia,
iaoiaeyueony aia eo. Yoi iiaeao auoue naeaeaii, iai?eia?, iiae aeaeii
ai?ueau n iaaeaeoia?iaeiie i?anooiiinoueth: ai-ia?auo, iioiio /oi yoio
oacen yaeyaony noaiaea?oiui i?eaiii NOA a iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiieo?aioiie
ai?ueaa, a ai-aoi?uo – iioiio /oi yoi i?aaaea: ia?auaiea cia/eoaeueiie
/anoe aeieea?ia ca i?aaeaeaie NOA a oie eee eiie oi?ia naycaii n
ia?ooaieai caeiiia e, oaeei ia?acii, i?ia?ann NOA iniiaai a
ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie ia iayaiii iiiu?aiee i?anooiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ca
eo i?aaeaeaie.

Eiia/ii, oaeay aeene?eieiaoeey ?acei ia?aie/eo iaeaieaa aaaeioth
oeiainiaoth ninoaaeythuoth yeiiiie/aneiai iiaouanoaa NOA –
eniieueciaaiea eo iaoeeiiaeueiie aaethou a ea/anoaa ie?iaie ?aca?aiie –
e iioiio iiaeao auoue i?eiaiaia eeoue a ea/anoaa «iineaaeiaai
n?aaenoaa».

Iaeiaei a ethaii neo/aa, aia caaeneiinoe io enoiaea aeiaaeueiie
oeiainiaie eiio?iioaoeee iaaeaeo NOA e Aa?iiaeneei aaethoiui nithcii,
iia i?eaaaeao e e?aeia iaaeaaii?eyoiiio aeey /aeiaa/anoaa niauoeth:
ea?aeeiaeueiiio caiaaeeaieth yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey Eeoay, eioi?ia
iiaeao i?eaanoe e aai aeanoaaeeecaoeee, aieaciaiiiio ?aa?anno e aeaaea
?aniaaeo.

Eeoae ?acaeaaaony a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie eae yenii?oiii?eaioe?iaaiiay
no?aia, aoi?aathuayny ia ?uiee eae Aa?iiu, oae e NOA. Aia caaeneiinoe io
eoiaa noieeiiaaiey iaaeaeo iineaaeieie, yoi noieeiiaaiea nieceo
iieoiaoaeueioth niiniaiinoue iiaaaeaeaiiie noi?iiu e, niioaaonoaaiii, aa
eiii?o, a oii /enea ec Eeoay.

Iineaaeiee a?yae ee auaea?aeeo aiacaiiia nie?auaiea naiaai yenii?oa,
eioi?ia noaiao eaoaeecaoi?ii anao aai aioo?aiieo i?iaeai, iaoiaeyueony
naaiaeiy a ca/aoi/iii ninoiyiee. Aai aea aeanoaaeeecaoeey noaiao
niauoeai, niiniaiui aua aei 2015 aiaea iiaa?aiooue a oain anth ie?iaoth
yeiiiieeo ca i?aaeaeaie iiaaaeeoaey (NOA eee «aa?iciiu»).

Nianoaaiii aiai?y, iiaaaea iineaaeiaai aoaeao «ie??iaie»: ioa?inea
eiieo?aioia, a n ieie – e aanue ie? i?aeoe/anee ia iieieaiea (e ethaeae,
e eeth/aauo oaoiieiaee) iacaae, ii eeoeony aaaeiaeoeo ?uieia nauoa aeey
naiae i?iaeoeoeee, /oi caoi?iiceo oaea e aai nianoaaiiia ?acaeoea.

I?e yoii i?iecieaeao oo?aoa eee ii e?aeiae ia?a eiina?aaoeey iaeaieaa
ia?aaeiauo oaoiieiaee: a neo/aa iiaaaeu «aa?iciiu» – oae eae iia ia
oiaao eo nicaeaaaoue, a neo/aa iiaaaeu NOA – ec-ca ?aceiai naeaoey
?uieia i?iaeaaee e ?aaeecaoeee yoeo oaoiieiaee, /oi ea?aeeiaeueii
ineaaeo noeioeu eo ?ac?aaioee e oiaiueoeo ?ano?nu, i?eaeaeaaiua ia yoe
oeaee.

Oaeei ia?acii, ia?aaiae iioaioeeaeueiiai i?ioeai?a/ey iaaeaeo NOA e
«aa?iciiie», naycaiiie n aaaaeaieai «aa?i» e aunaiaiaeaeaieai ecauoi/iie
aeieea?iaie iannu, a ieineinoue iaaaoeaiie eiieo?aioeee, aaeeea
aa?iyoiinoue oi?iiaeaiey ?acaeoey anaai /aeiaa/anoaa.

AEIAAEUeIIE EIIEO?AIOeEE –

AEIAAEUeIIA ?AAOEE?IAAIEA

3.1. *oi iauaaeeieo ie? a «yeiiiie/aneoth III»?

Aiciiaeiinoue oi?iiaeaiey iaua/aeiaa/aneiai oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna,
?ane?uoay a i?aaeuaeouai ia?aa?aoa, yaeyaony /anoiui i?iyaeaieai aieaa
iauaai i?aaeea: ?acaeoea iiaeao auoue oieueei iauei. Anyeia iiaeaaeaiea
eiieo?aioia iiae?uaaao aai, noaeay e iaaaeiyy, oaaee/eaay noaiaiue
iiiiiieecaoeee, nie?auay ?uiee nauoa i?iaeoeoeee iiaaaeeoaey, e aaaeao
oaeei ia?acii e iauaio oi?iiaeaieth ?acaeoey e caaieaaieth.

Noaiiaeony i/aaeaeiui: aeey /aeiaa/anoaa naiiai ii naaa, a iaoai
o?aaeeoeeiiiii aai iiieiaiee i?iaeaiu aai nianoaaiiiai ?acaeoey oaea
naaiaeiy noaiiayony neeoeii oyaeaeuie. Iaoeeiiaeueiua ainoaea?noaa
noaeeeaathony n oai, /oi «n?aaeo eo iaeoaiey» noeoeeii ia?acotho
iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiua no?oeoo?u (a oii /enea iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiua no?oeoo?u,
aeaaeathuea iaoaoaoiieiaeyie), eioi?ua, oaeei ia?acii, ai iiiaii
i?aaeii?aaeaeytho eo aeaenoaey e a neeo yaienoe/iuo iiaoaeaeaiee
iaaieueii aaaeoo /aeiaa/anoai e na?ueaciui eaoaeeeciai e ?aceiio
caiaaeeaieth ?acaeoey.

*oiau ia aeiionoeoue iienaiiiai enoiaea niauoee, iaiaoiaeeii oi naiia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiia yeiiiie/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea, i eioi?ii aaeaa ee ia
ia?aui iinea Eaieia a i?aeoe/aneeo oa?ieiao caaiai?ee Aeae.Ni?in:
«yeiiiie/aneay III», ioee/athuayny io aeaenoaothuae iieeoe/aneie
ea/anoaaiii iaiueoei o?iaiai ath?ie?aoecaoeee, oae eae oeiainiaua
i?ioeannu ioee/athony ea/anoaaiii aieaa aunieie nei?inoueth e,
niioaaonoaaiii, o?aaotho aeey naiaai ?aaoee?iaaiey ea/anoaaiii aieueoaai
auno?iaeaenoaey e aiiaua yooaeoeaiinoe, /ai iieeoe/aneea.

Nouanoaothuea eioaeeaeooaeueiua e eiinoeueoaoeeiiiua «ieiuaaeee»
aeiaaeueiuo oeiainiauo a?oii, ianiio?y ia aeiieie?iaaiea a ieo aeeyiey
NOA, aiieia iiaoo noaoue «ca?iaeuoai» oaeie i?aaiecaoeee. Aa aeaaiie
iniaaiiinoueth, iaania/eaathuae, eae e a neo/aa III, i?eioeeieaeueioth
aeaaniiniaiinoue, aeieaeii auoue iauaa iniciaiea ?aaeueiinoe acaeiiiai
oie/oiaeaiey, i?eioaeaeathuaa neeueiaeoeo e iieneo eiii?iienna n
ioiineoaeueii aieaa neaauie e aeaaea i?eciaiea ca ieie i?aaa «aaoi» ii
no?aoaae/aneei e iaeaieaa aieaciaiiui aii?inai.

3.2. Iiaia iieieaiea OIE: «aaoa? aiaia»

Iniiaiie caaea/ae i?aaiecaoeee, i?ecaaiiie inouanoaeyoue
iaaeaeoia?iaeiia yeiiiie/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea, iauaeoeaii yaeyaony
?aaoee?iaaiea aeayoaeueiinoe o?ainiaoeeiiaeueiuo iiiiiieee. I?e yoii
aaaeii iiieiaoue, /oi «noa?ua aeia?ua» i?iecaiaenoaaiiua OIE aieueoa
oaea ia yaeythony oicyaaaie ie?a. Ia niaio ei eaeoo aeiaaeueiua
oeiainiaua a?oiiu, ?acaeoea iau/iuo e iaoa-oaoiieiaee. Yoe a?oiiu
ca/anooth aeaaea ia oi?iaeeciaaiu (/oi ea/anoaaiii cao?oaeiyao eo
?aaoee?iaaiea), ii eo yooaeoeaiinoue, iiaeeueiinoue e ?aciinoi?iiiinoue
ea/anoaaiii i?aauoatho aiaeiae/iua ea/anoaa o?aaeeoeeiiiuo OIE.

Aeey iiieiaiey aeooaeueiinoe i?iaeaiu aeinoaoi/ii oeacaoue ia niaiaaooth
n ?inoii aeaeeiuo i?iyaeaiee aeoeaiinoe eiaiii aeiaaeueiuo oeiainiauo
a?oii ia?aaea/o a 1993 aiaeo enneaaeiaaiee o?ainiaoeeiiaeueiuo
ei?ii?aoeee io niaoeeaeece?iaaiiiai i?aaia III (UNCTC), eioi?ue a oeaeii
ni?aaeyeny n yoie caaea/ae, ia cia/eoaeueii aieaa ieceee o?iaaiue, –
ioaeaeo THIEOAAe, eioi?ue ?anniao?eaaao ?acaeoea OIE i?aeiouanoaaiii n
aaaeiinoaaiiuo iiceoeee yoie i?aaiecaoeee (ii oi?aiaea e ?acaeoeth) e ii
einoeoooeeiiaeueiui i?e/eiai a i?eioeeia ia iiaeao ni?aaeoueny n
eiiieaeniui ioneaaeeaaieai e aiaeecii eo aeayoaeueiinoe.

Yoi ia?aue i?eciae ia?aoaiey oie eee eiie a?oiiie «ii?iaiaiai» aeeyiey:
i?ae?auaiea iai?eyoiuo aeey yoie a?oiiu (eae ieieioi iacaaeneiuo, a i?e
ionoonoaee iio?aaiinoe a ?aeeaia – e i?inoi ethauo aiaoieo)
enneaaeiaaiee aa.

Eae iu aeaeaee a ia?aie aeaaa, oaoiieiae/aneee eeaea? /aeiaa/anoaa Aaeon
aua oieueei niae?aaony iaania/eaaoue eioi?iaoeeiiioth i?ic?a/iinoue
ae?oaeo no?ai – a iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiua iiiiiieee, ieacuaathuea ia ie?
ii?aaeaeythuaa aicaeaenoaea, iia?aaeatho ia ianeieueei eao e aai,
i?aaaioeaii eeeaeaee?oy a ie?iauo ianooaaao aiciiaeiinoue aeaaea
i?eieoeaii-noaoenoe/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey naiaai ?acaeoey.

3.3. Oeaia aeiaaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey

?ino aeeyiey iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiuo iiiiiieee iiaeao aini?iecaanoe
neooaoeeth ?oaaaea 20-o e 30-o aiaeia iaoaai aaea. Oiaaea ainiiaenoai
/anoiuo iiiiiieee a yeiiiieeao iaeaieaa ?acaeouo no?ai (aeeth/ay n
iaeioi?uie iaiai?eaie e NNN?) i?eaaei e eo caaieaaieth e Aaeeeie
aeai?annee. A oiaea ai?ueau n iineaaeiae ia iaoeeiiaeueiuo o?iaiyo auee
noi?ie?iaaiu iaoaieciu ainoaea?noaaiiiai eiio?iey ca iiiiiieeyie, ii
i?aiaeieaia iia auea eeoue a oiaea iiaeaioiaee ei Aoi?ie Ie?iaie aieia.

?anniao?eaay yoe aea niauoey n oi/ee c?aiey ?aoaiey aii?ina i aeanoe,
iaeuecy ia ia?aoeoue aieiaiey ia aanueia nouanoaaiiua ecuyiu /enoi
yeiiiie/aneiai iiaeoiaea. Oae, iaiin?aaenoaaiiie i?e/eiie Aaeeeie
aeai?annee i?eiyoi n/eoaoue ioeaeo, aeiiouaiioth aia?eeaineei
ainoaea?noaii: a iiiaio, eiaaea n yeiiiie/aneie oi/ee c?aiey iaaei auei
?aaeeeaeueii niya/aoue oeiainiaoth iieeoeeo, iia, iaiai?io, auea
ea?aeeiaeueii oaeanoi/aia, /oi i?eaaei e ae?aeaaiio e?aoo e
oicyenoaaiiie eaoano?ioa.

Iaeiaei oi, /oi n yeiiiie/aneie oi/ee c?aiey auei iai?inoeoaeueiie
ioeaeie, n iieeoe/aneie auei aaeeinoaaiiui auoiaeii. Aaaeue a oa aeie
ia?aae Aia?eeie noiye ia aii?in ia yeiiiie/aneii aeaaiiieo/ee,
aoi?inoaiaiiue aeey ethaiai i?aeoe/aneiai iieeoeea, ii aeaaiue e, no?iai
aiai?y, aaeeinoaaiiue aeey anyeiai ainoaea?noaa aii?in i aeanoe.

A aeie oa?iaeathuaai oooaeoaiey yeiiiie/aneie eiiuthieoo?u ?aoaeinue,
eoi aoaeao i?aaeoue no?aiie: ainoaea?noai – a oneiaeyo aeaiie?aoee a
oeaeii ana aea a eioa?anao iauanoaa, eeai ie/oiaeiay eo/ea /anoiuo
iiiiiieee («ieeaa?oey» – a oa?ieiao ?inneeneie aeo?iaeenoeee) – a naieo
nianoaaiiuo eioa?anao, caaaaeiii ia niioaaonoaothueo iauanoaaiiui.

E ?aaee ainnoaiiaeaiey naiaai ainiiaenoaa, /anoe/ii oo?a/aiiiai iinea
aicieeiiaaiey e ?anoeaaoa a 20-a aiaeu /anoiuo iiiiiieee, aia?eeaineia
ainoaea?noai aac ?acaeoiee e eieaaaiee, n aaciaeyaeiie, iienoeia
/oaaenianeie ?aoeiinoueth aaa?aei naith no?aio a aani?aoeaaeaioiua a
enoi?ee /aeiaa/anoaa aaaenoaey, oie/oiaeeaoea ii/oe iieiaeio
iaoeeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee e inoaaeaoea naie o?ai a aeooa eaaeaeiai
ia?aaeeaoaai eaoano?ioo aia?eeaioea.

Iiae/a?eio aeaa aaaeiuo aeey iiieiaiey naaiaeiyoiae neooaoeee aniaeoa
yoeo niauoee 60-eaoiae aeaaiinoe.

I?aaeaea anaai, yoi /oaeiaeuiia ?aoaiea auei enoi?e/anee ii?aaaeaiiui,
oae eae /anoiua iiiiiieee ii iauaeoeaiui i?e/eiai ia iiaee auiieiyoue
iaiaoiaeeiua ooieoeee ainoaea?noaa, a eo ainiiaenoai a?iceei iauanoao
aua aieueoeie aaaeaie, oioy e ianeieueei iicaea (/oi oi?ioi aeaeii ia
i?eia?a ?innee 1995-98 aiaeia).

Ai-aoi?uo, yoi ?aoaiea i?eieiaeinue noeoeeii, ia o?iaia eieeaeoeaiiai
niciaiey (eee aeaaea «eieeaeoeaiiai aanniciaoaeueiiai») ainoaea?noaa e
iauanoaa. Ia nouanoaoao naeaeaoaeuenoa oiio, /oi iieeoe/aneee aniaeo
?aoaiey niciaaaeny eaeeie-eeai ioaeaeueiuie, ionoue aeaaea naiuie
aunieiiinoaaeaiiuie, o/anoieeaie aai i?eiyoey, – oioy iiiyoii, /oi
ethaee, ioaeaaaaoea naaa io/ao a iieeoe/aneii aniaeoa iienuaaaiuo
niauoee, ieeiaaea e ieeiio ia caoioaee au i?eciaoueny a yoii.

Aa?iyoii, /oi /a?ac noeoeeiia e ia iniciaaaaiia ioaeaeueiuie
nia?aiaiieeaie ?aoaiea iaeiaai iiaeiaiiai aii?ina i aeanoe i?eaeaony
i?ieoe a aeeaeaeoai (o/eouaay onei?ythueeny oiae i?ia?anna) aoaeouai e
/aeiaa/anoao – ia o?iaia ie?iaie yeiiiieee e ie?iaie iieeoeee. Aa?iyoii,
iii aoaeao ia iaiaa o?oaeiui aeey ?acaeouo yeiiiiee, /ai aeey
i?iiuoeaiiuo e oeiainiauo oeaio?ia NOA eiioea 20-o aiaeia (/oi einaaiii
iiaeoaa?aeaeaao iao i?iaiic i caiaaeeaiee oaoiieiae/aneiai ?acaeoey
/aeiaa/anoaa), e ia iaiaa ?ac?ooeoaeueiui aeey iaiaa ?acaeouo no?ai, /ai
aeey aia?eeaineeo naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo caoieonoee oiai aea a?aiaie.

Aa?iyoii oaeaea, /oi «yeiiiie/aneay III», i eioi?ie aiai?eeinue auoa,
aicieeiao eiaiii eae iaoaieci eiio?iey ca iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiuie
ei?ii?aoeeyie e iniaaiii – ca aeiaaeueiuie oeiainiauie a?oiiaie, oi
anoue a eiia/iii n/aoa – i ie?iaie aeanoe.

*oi aea aei aiaoiaai ii ioiioaieth e iaoae yeiiiie/aneie nenoaia (oi
anoue ii ioiioaieth ei anaio /aeiaa/anoao) niauoeth, eioi?ia auaaaeao
aai ec iinoe?eceniie aeai?annee, – /oi aea aei yoiai niauoey, eioi?ia
oae aea ia inoaaeo ianoa aeey i?iiaaeeaiey e eiii?iienna e noieue aea
iiaeeecoao /aeiaa/anoai, eae e Aoi?ay Ie?iaay aieia, – oi i?aaeaeaeaoue
aai n oioue neieueei-ieaoaeue oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie noaiaiueth oi/iinoe
iai iiea ia aeaii.

Inoaaony iaaeayoueny, /oi eeaea?u /aeiaa/anoaa (e eioi?ui aieueoa ia
ioiineony iaoa no?aia), eae e 60 eao iacaae, oaeaeyo aai ia?auie e
niiauao i iai inoaeueiui onoaie naieo no?aoaaia e ai?iaeneeo
noianoaaeoeo.

PAGE

PAGE 16

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020