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Экономическая теория

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Eo?niaay ?aaioa

Ia oaio : «yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey»

Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey ia anoue iaai? oaea

aioiauo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, i?eiaieiuo

iaiin?aaenoaaiii a oicyenoaaiiie iieeoeea. Iia

yaeyaony nei?aa iaoiaeii, /ai o/aieai,

eioaeeaeooaeueiui eino?oiaioii, oaoieeie

iuoeaiey, iiiiaay oiio, eoi aeaaeaao ath,

i?eoiaeeoue e i?aaeeueiui caeeth/aieyi.

Aeaeii Iaeia?ae Eaein

Ia?aui iiaiaeii e eco/aieth yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee yaeyaony oi,

/oi yoa oai?ey aeaei n oaeeie i?iaeaiaie, eioi?ua eanathony ian

anao aac eneeth/aiey: eaeea aeaeu ?aaio ioaeii auiieiyoue? eae iie

iiea/eaathony? neieueei oiaa?ia iiaeii eoieoue ia aeieea? ca?aaioiie

ieaou nae/an e a ia?eiae nea/ouae eioeyoeee? eaeiaa aa?iyoiinoue

ianooieaiey oaeiai a?aiaie, eiaaea /aeiaae ia niiaeao iaoiaeeoue

iiaeoiaeyuoth aeey naay ?aaioo eeoue a i?aaeaeao i?eaieaiiai n?iea?

A i?ioeii ethaee, ia/eiathuea eco/aoue yeiiiie/aneoth oai?eth,

iau/ii o?aaiaaee, /oiau ei auei aeaii e?aoeia, a iaeiii

i?aaeeiaeaiee, ii?aaeaeaiea yoiai i?aaeiaoa. E iaaei neacaoue, /oi yoio

neeueiue ni?in ia eniuouaae iaaeinoaoea a i?aaeeiaeaiee. Aio

iaeioi?ua ec oaeeo ii?aaeaeaiee:

1. Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey anoue iaoea i aeaeao aeayoaeueiinoe,

naycaiiuo n iaiaiii e aeaiaaeiuie naeaeeaie iaaeaeo ethaeueie.

2. Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey anoue iaoea ia eniieueciaaiee ethaeueie

?aaeeeo eee ia?aie/aiiuo i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo ?ano?nia (caiey, o?oae,

oiaa?u i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey, iai?eia? iaoeiu, e

oaoie/aneea ciaiey) aeey i?iecaiaenoaa ?acee/iuo oiaa?ia (oaeeo eae

ioaieoea, aiayaeeia, iaeueoi, eiioea?ou, aei?iae e yoou) e

?ani?aaeaeaiey eo iaaeaeo /eaiaie iauanoaa a oeaeyo iio?aaeaiey.

3. Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey anoue iaoea i iianaaeiaaiie aeaeiaie

aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae, ecaea/aiey eie n?aaenoa e nouanoaiaaieth e

eniieueciaaiee yoeo n?aaenoa.

4. Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey anoue iaoea i oii, eae /aeiaa/anoai

ni?aaeyaony ni naieie caaea/aie a iaeanoe iio?aaeaiey e

i?iecaiaenoaa.

5. Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey anoue iaoea i aiaaonoaa.

Yoio ia?a/aiue aeinoaoi/ii aaeee nai ii naaa; iaeiaei i?iaaaey

/an a niioaaonoaothuai ioaeaea oi?ioae aeaeeioaee, a?aiioiue

/aeiaae niiaeao ai iiiai ?ac oaeeeieoue aai. Aoeniooue a ianeieueei

no?ie oi/iia iienaiea ethaiai i?aaeiaoa, eioi?ia /aoei ioaeaeeei au

aai io niaaeiuo aeenoeeieei e aeaei au i?aaenoaaeaiea ia/eiathuaio i

anao aii?inao ioaaouaaaiui yoei i?aaeiaoii,- aeaei aanueia iaeaaeia.

Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey, ianiiiaiii, aeeth/aao a naay ana yeaiaiou,

oeacaiiua eae a yoeo ii?aaeaeaieyo, oae e a oao, eioi?ua iiaee

au aieoe a aieaa aeeeiiue ia?a/aiue.

Anee canoaaeoue niaoeeaeenoa aua?aoue ec anao i?eaaaeaiiuo auoa

aeaoeieoeee eeoue iaeio, oi a iaoa a?aiy ii, ii anae aa?iyoiinoe,

inoaiiaeeny au ia aoi?ie.

Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey anoue iaoea i oii, eaeea ec ?aaeeeo

i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo ?ano?nia ethaee e iauanoai n oa/aieai a?aiaie, n

iiiiuueth aeaiaa eee aac eo o/anoey, ecae?atho aeey i?iecaiaenoaa

?acee/iuo oiaa?ia e ?ani?aaeaeaiey eo a oeaeyo iio?aaeaiey a

ianoiyuai e aoaeouai iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie ethaeueie e a?oiiaie iauanoaa.

Eo?n Iauae Yeiiiie/aneie Oai?ee aeeth/aao a naay eco/aiea

yeiiiie/aneeo eaoaai?ee e yaeaiee i?enoueo iauanoaaiiiio

i?iecaiaenoao iacaaeneii io iauanoaaiii yeiiiie/aneie oi?iaoeee, a

oaeaea eco/aao yoe yeiiiie/aneea caeiiiia?iinoe /aeiaa/aneiai

iauanoaa e iauanoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a iaua/aeiaa/aneii ieaia.

AEeciue /aeiaa/aneiai ia?aca iiiaiia?acia, neiaeia e caiooaia.

Iia neeaaeuaaaony ec iiiai/eneaiiuo e ?aciiia?aciuo aeaeia

aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea a i?iecaiaenoaa iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa e ieacaiee

oneoa, a iaoea e eoeueoo?a, a iieeoeea e eaeaieiaee. *aeiaa/anoai

no?aieony ?acaaaeaoue oaeio ioiioaiee. Yoi no?aieaiea ia no?aieaiea

e naiiiiciaieth, a oaeiaeaoai?aiea iio?aaiinoae a ?aaoee?iaaiee

yeiiiie/aneie aeecie. A naiia aeaaiia aeaeaiea – aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia

yeiiiie/aneea i?ioeannu a ioaeiuo aeey /aeiaaea iai?aaeaieyo.

*aeiaa/anoai i?iyaeyei anaaaea aieueoie eioa?an iniiaai

oi?aaeaiey yeiiiie/aneeie i?ioeannaie. Iiiaea aaaeiua yeiiiie/aneea

i?ioeannu ?anniao?eaaeenue o/aiuie ae?aaiaai ie?a: Ieaoiiii,

A?enoioaeai e o.ae. Iaeiaei yoe enneaaeiaaiey oi?ie?iaaeenue eae

ioaeaeueiua yeaiaiou yeiiiie/aneeo ciaiee a ?aieao aaeeiie, aua ia

?an/eaiaiiie iaoee. Cia/eoaeueii iicaea i?iecioae i?ioeann

?an/eaiaiey iaoee e aicieeea iieeoe/aneay yeiiiiey. I?e/ai iia

aicieeea a ia?eiae ca?iaeaeaiey eaieoaeenoe/aneiai niiniaa

i?iecaiaenoaa e i?aaenoaaeyea niaie iaoeo aeey oaeiaeaoai?aiey

iio?aaiinoae oai?ee i?ioeanna iiaaaea eaieoaeecia iaae oaiaeaeeciii.

Yeiiiie/aneay Oai?ey i?ecaaiiay eco/aoue e iauyniyoue i?ioeannu

e yaeaiey yeiiiie/aneie aeecie, a aeey yoiai Yeiiiie/aneay Oai?ey

aeieaeia i?iieeaoue a nooue aeoaeiiuo i?ioeannia, ane?uaaoue caeiiu e

i?aaeneacuaaoue iooe eo eniieueciaaiey.

I?aaeiaoii Iauae Yeiiiie/aneie Oai?eae yaeythony yeiiiie/aneea

ioiioaiey (i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ioiioaiey) aicieeathuea iaaeaeo ethaeueie a

i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa, ?ani?aaeaeaiey, iaiaia e iio?aaeaiey,

iacaaeneii io yeiiiie/aneie oi?iaoeee iauanoaa.

Iaoiae Iauae Yeiiiie/aneie Oai?ee – yoi iaoiae aeeaeaeoe/aneiai

iaoa?eaeecia. Iao/iua iiciaiey yeiiiie/aneie aeecie a ioee/ea io

aa iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai aini?eyoey iicaieyao, eniieuecoy iao/iue

iaoiae iiciaiey eee enneaaeiaaiey, i?iieeaoue aaeoaue yeiiiie/aneeo

i?ioeannia e yaeaiee, ?ane?uaaoue eo nayce, auyaeyoue

i?e/eiii-ianeaaenoaaiioth naycue yaeaiee e ?ane?uaaoue aeaeaeouea neeu

?acaeoey iauanoaa. Iaoiae i?aaeeaaaao i?ioeann io nica?oeaiey e

aano?aeoiiio iuoeaieth e io iaai e i?aeoeea.

Iao/iie aano?aeoeeae – iacuaathony iaiauaiiua iiiyoey (aeaiueae,

oiaa?, ?aai/ay neea, e o.ae.) au?aaioaiiua ethaeueie iooai iuoeaiey

ioaea/aiiiai io iaiin?aaenoaaiii eiie?aoiiai eco/aiey yaeaiey, a

enoiaeiui ioieoii iao/iiai iiciaiey yaeyaony iauaeoeaiay

?aaeueiinoue. E yoie ?aaeueiinoueth aunooiaao yeiiiie/aneay aeeciue

/aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa. Anee yoi iauaeoeaiay ?aaeueiinoue oi iia ia

caaeneo io aiee e niciaiey /aeiaaea iaeiia?aiaiii n oai, /oi yoa

?aaeueiinoue neeaaeuaaaony ec iniciaiiuo iinooieia e aeayoaeueiinoe

eiaeeaeaeia. Iaiaoiaeeiuie yeaiaioaie yeiiiie/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey

yaeythony aiaeec e neioac. A i?ioeanna aiaeeca iuoeaiea io aeaeeiiai

eiie?aoiiai eaeao e aano?aeoiiio iuoeaieth, ?an/eaiyy enneaaeoaiua

yeaiaiou ia aai i?inoaeoea /anoe e noi?iiu. A i?ioeanna neioaca

iiciaaaaiua yaeaiey enneaaeothony ai acaeiiie nayce ninoaaeythueo

aai noi?ii a aeaeaeaiee e i?ioeai?a/ee, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai

ioe?uaathony iooe e oi?iu ?ac?aoaiey i?ioeai?a/ee, a neaaeiaaoaeueii

?acaeoey yaeaiee. Eiaaony aua 2 yeaiaioa – ea/anoaaiiue e

eiee/anoaaiiue aiaeec. Yoi naycaii n oai /oi ethaiio

yeiiiie/aneiio yaeaieth i?enoue ea/anoaaiiay e eiee/anoaaiiay

ii?aaeaeaiiinoue.

Iinooiee ethaeae ii?aaeaeythony eo eioa?anaie, e i?aaeaea anaai eo

yeiiiie/aneeie eioa?anaie.

Iniciaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue eiaeeaeaeia a yeiiiie/aneie aeecie

iauanoaa nicaeaao yeiiiie/aneea yaeaiey e i?ioeannu eioi?ua

aeaenoaotho a niioaaonoaee n yeiiiie/aneeie caeiiaie. Iiyoiio

aiai?eony, /oi yeiiiie/aneay aeeciue iauanoaa, aeeth/ay a naay

i?iecaiaenoai, ?ani?aaeaeaiea, iaiai e iio?aaeaiea, iiae/eiaia

aeaenoaeth iauaeoeaiuo yeiiiie/aneeo caeiiia.

Yeiiiie/aneee caeii – iaiaoiaeeiay nouanoaaiiay, iinoiyiii

iiaoi?ythuayny, i?e/eiii neaaenoaaiiay naycue yeiiiie/aneeo

i?ioeannia e yaeaiee.

A iaoa?eaeueiie iniiaa aeey ii?iaeueiiai ?acaeoey /aeiaa/aneie

oeeaeeecaoeee yaeyaony i?ia?anneaiia ?acaeoea iauanoaaiiiai

i?iecaiaenoaa. Aeey oiai, /oiau ?ane?uoue caeiiiia?iinoue ioe?uoey

iauanoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, iaiaoiaeeii ?anniao?eaaoue ?acaeoia

i?iecaiaenoai, eae oaeiaia aiiaua.

I?iecaiaenoai aiiaua yoi iao/iay aano?aeoeey i?aaenoaaeythuay

niaie niaieoiiinoue anaiaueo /a?o i?enoueo i?iecaiaenoao, ia

caaenyueo io aai niaoeeoe/aneeo oi?i. Yoe anaiauea /a?ou

i?iecaiaenoaa aeatho i?aaenoaaeaiea ia yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo

i?iecaiaenoaa aeeciaiiuo aeaa iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey i?ia?anna

/aeiaa/anoaa. A oi aea a?aiy iie iicaieytho ii?aaeaeeoue aaeeiia aeey

anao nooiaiae ?acaeoea oeeaeeecaoeee i?enouaa i?iecaiaenoao

naienoai, i?e/ai niaoeeoe/aneia naienoai. A n ae?oaie noi?iiu yoi

iicaieyao ii?aaeaeeoue oi anaiauaa /oi aeano aiciiaeiinoue ynii e

aeoaaea oaeaeaoue e iiiyoue nouanoaothuea ?acee/ey eioi?ua

?aca?aie/eaatho yoe nooiaie iauanoaaiiiai ?acaeoey. Eco/ay

i?iecaiaenoai iaaei /aoei iiiyoue, /oi aai eiia/iie oeaeueth yaeyaony

iio?aaeaiea. E oieueei i?e oneiaee ii?iaeueiiai naiaiaeiiai

iio?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoai iiaeao auoue ii?iaeueiui. Iaaeaeo

i?iecaiaenoaii e iio?aaeaieai eaaeeo neiaeiay, oai?aoe/anee

i?ioeai?a/eaay naycue, e i?e anae aaaeiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa iii eiaao

niune oieueei a oii neo/aa anee anoue naiaiaeiia iio?aaeaiea, oae

eae naiaiaeiia iio?aaeaiea oeaeue e aeaeaeoueany iioeau i?iecaiaenoaa.

Iii ii?aaeaeyao iauai, no?oeoo?o e ea/anoai iauanoaaiiiai

i?iecaiaenoaa. Iio?aaeaiea iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa ia iaeiicia/ii,

neaaeoao ?acee/aoue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiia e ee/iia iio?aaeaiea.

I?iecaiaeeoaeueiia iio?aaeaiea yoi anoue i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa, aaea

iio?aaeyaiua n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa (i?oaeey e i?aaeiaou o?oaea), a

oaeaea i?iecaiaenoaaiiia iio?aaeaiea neeu /aeiaaea, o.a. ?anoiae aai

oece/aneie e aeooiaiie neeu. Ee/iia iio?aaeaiea iii iai?ioea

i?ienoiaeeo ia ia i?iecaiaenoaa, a ca aai i?aaeaeaie. Ee/iia

iio?aaeaiea aeeth/aao a naay iio?aaeaiea ethaeueie ieue, iaeaaeaeu,

aeeeeua e o.ae. A i?iecaiaenoaaiiii iio?aaeaiee i?iaeoeo nicaeaaony, a

a ee/iii – oie/oiaeaaony. A i?iecaiaenoaa iio?aaeytho n?aaenoaa

i?iecaiaenoaa, a ethaee iio?aaeytho i?aaeiaou iio?aaeaiey. Acaeiinaycue

iaaeaeo i?iecaiaenoaii e iio?aaeaieai acaeiii iaoneaaeeaathony o.a.

i?iecaiaenoai ii?aaeaeyao iio?aaeaiea, ii a oi aea a?aiy iio?aaeaiea

ii?aaeaeyao e i?iecaiaenoai. I?iecaiaenoai ii?iaeaeaao iio?aaiinoue a

i?iecaaaeaiiuo i?iaeoeoao, o.a. nicaeaao eiioeuen iio?aaeaiey.

I?iecaiaenoai anaaaea aaaeao ca niaith iio?aaeaiea, ii?aaeaeythuaa a

eiia/iii n/aoa aai iauai e iiiaiia?acea, a iio?aaeaiea aeoeaii

aeeyao ia i?iecaiaenoai. I?ae?auaaony i?iecaiaenoai aaue iaioaeiie

aeey iio?aaeaiey, oo?aoeaoae naia cia/aiea eae iieaciiai i?iaeoeoa.

A oi aea a?aiy iio?aaeaiea eaeeo eeai i?iaeoeoia o?aaoao

aeaeueiaeoaai eo nicaeaiey e ii ia?a oaeiaeaoai?aiey noa?uo

iio?aaiinoae iiaoaeaeaao e aucuaaao e aeecie iiaua iio?aaiinoe

ethaeae. Naycothueie caaiueyie iaaeaeo i?iecaiaenoaii e iio?aaeaieai

yaeythony ?ani?aaeaeaiea e iaiai. Iiae ?ani?aaeaeaieai neaaeoao

iiieiaoue ?ani?aaeaeaiea i?iecaaaeaiiuo iaoa?eaeueiuo e

iaiaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae ia i?eioeeia ainiiaenoaothuae oi?iu

i?enaiaiey, o.a. nianoaaiiinoe. Oaeei eae i?enaaeaathony i?iaeoeou

o?oaea, eaeay /anoue ec ieo eaeao ia i?iecaiaeeoaeueiia e ee/iia

iio?aaeaiea, aio yoe aii?inu ninoaaeytho niaea?aeaiea i?ioeanna

?ani?aaeaeaiey i?iaeoeoia a ethaii iauanoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa.

?ani?aaeaeaiea aeoeaii aeeyao ia i?iecaiaenoai, iii iiaeao

niinianoaiaaoue ?inoo i?iecaiaenoaa e a oi aea a?aiy iii iiaeao

oi?iiceoue yoi i?iecaiaenoai.

Iaiai e ?ani?aaeaeaiea aoiaeyo iaiin?aaenoaaiii a i?ioeann

i?iecaiaenoaa, a oaeaea ninoaaeytho aai nouanoaaiiua /a?ou, e

caaenyo, oaeaea, io iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa aeaaea a oao

neo/ayo, eiaaea iie auoiaeyo ca aai a?aieoeu.

Ethaia iauanoaaiiia i?iecaiaenoai /aeiaa/aneie oeeaeeecaoeee aeey

naiaai inouanoaeaiey aeieaeii eiaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua oneiaey i?e

eioi?uo i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa iia au i?ioaeaoue ii?iaeueii. Yoeie

oneiaeyie yaeythony: 1) ioiioaiea /aeiaaea e i?e?iaea; 2) ioiioaiey

iaaeaeo ethaeueie.

Aeey inouanoaeaiey i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa iaiaoiaeeiu o?e

i?inoaeoeo iiiaioa :1) nai o?oae, 2) n?aaenoaa o?oaea, 3) i?aaeiao

o?oaea.

O?oae – oeaeaniia?aciay aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea iai?aaeaiiay ia

ioaeaeaiea aauanoaa io i?e?iaeu e i?eniiniaeaiey aai e iio?aaiinoyi

ethaeae. O?oae yoi cao?aoa e ?anoiaeiaaiea ?aai/ae neeu /aeiaaea a

i?ioeanna nicaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo e iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa.

?aai/ay neea – yoi niaieoiiua oece/aneea e aeooiaiua

niiniaiinoe /aeiaaea eioi?ua iiaoo auoue iai?aaeaiu ia nicaeaiea

iaoa?eaeueiuo e iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa. Aeey inouanoaeaiey i?ioeanna

o?oaea /aeiaae nicaeaao e oiio?aaeyao aeey i?iecaiaenoaa i?oaeey e

n?aaenoaa o?oaea.

N?aaenoai o?oaea – yoi eiiieaen aauae eee aauue n iiiiuueth

eioi?uo /aeiaae aicaeaenoaoao ia i?e?iaeo.

I?aaeiaou o?oaea – yoi iaoa?eaeu eee aauanoaa aeaiiua i?e?iaeie,

eioi?ua iiaeaa?aathony aicaeaenoaeth /aeiaaea aeey i?eniiniaeaiey eo e

oaeiaeaoai?aieth iio?aaiinoae ethaeae.

Oaeoi?u i?iecaiaenoaa:

1) aauanoaaiiue eee iauaeoeaiue oaeoi?;

2) ee/iue eee noauaeoeaiue oaeoi?.

Iieeoe/aneay yeiiiiey, eee iieeoe/aneay iaoea (Economics),

caieiaaony enneaaeiaaieai ii?iaeueiie aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe

/aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa; iia eco/aao oo noa?o eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo e

iauanoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, eioi?ay oaniaeoei ia?acii naycaia n

nicaeaieai e eniieueciaaieai iaoa?eaeueiuo iniia aeaaininoiyiey.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iia, n iaeiie noi?iiu, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie

enneaaeiaaiea aiaaonoaa, a n ae?oaie – ia?acoao /anoue enneaaeiaaiey

/aeiaaea. *aeiaa/aneee oa?aeoa? oi?ie?iaaeny a i?ioeanna aai

iianaaeiaaiiai o?oaea e iie aicaeaenoaeai nicaeaaaaiuo ei a yoii

i?ioeanna iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia, i?e/ai a ai?acaei aieueoae noaiaie,

/ai iiae aeeyieai ethauo ae?oaeo oaeoi?ia, eneeth/ay ?aeeaeiciua

eaeaaeu; aeaoiy aaeeeeie neeaie oi?ie?iaaaoeie ie?iaoth enoi?eth,

auee ?aeeaey e yeiiiieea. Eiiaaea ia a?aiy aiciaeaaeae iueeee aeoo

aiaiiuo eee ethaeae eneonnoaa, ii ieaaea aeeyiea ?aeeaeiciiai e

yeiiiie/aneiai oaeoi?ia ia iooaniyeinue ia aoi?ie ieai aeaaea ia

ei?ioeee n?ie, e ii/oe anaaaea yoe aeaa neeu eiaee aieueoaa

cia/aiea, /ai ana ae?oaea, aianoa acyoua. ?aeeaeiciua iioeau

neeueiaa yeiiiie/aneeo, ii eo iaiin?aaenoaaiiia aicaeaenoaea ?aaeei

?ani?ino?aiyaony ia noieue iaoe?ioth aeeciaiioth noa?o. Caiyoea, n

iiiiuueth eioi?iai /aeiaae ca?aaaouaaao naaa ia aeeciue, caiieiyao

aai iunee a oa/aiea iiaeaaeythuaai aieueoeinoaa /ania, eiaaea aai oi

yooaeoeaii ?aaioaao; eiaiii a yoe /anu aai oa?aeoa? oi?ie?oaony

iiae aeeyieai oiai, eae ii eniieuecoao naie niiniaiinoe a o?oaea,

oaeea iunee /oanoaa yoio o?oae a iai ii?iaeaeaao e eaeea

neeaaeuaathony o iaai ioiioaiey n oiaa?euaie ii ?aaioa,

?aaioiaeaoaeyie eee aai neoaeaueie.

I/aiue /anoi aicaeaenoaea, ieacuaaaiia ia oa?aeoa? /aeiaaea

?acia?ii aai aeioiaea, aaeaa ee iaiueoa – anee aiiaua iaiueoa, – /ai

aicaeaenoaea, ieacuaaaiia naiei niiniaii aeiauaaiey aeioiaea. Aeey

iieiiou aeecie naiuee iao aieueoie ?acieoeu, ninoaaeyao ee aa aiaeiaie

aeioiae 1 iei. ?. eee 5 iei. ?., ii i/aiue aaeeea ?acieoea iaaeaeo

aeioiaeii a 30 iei. ?. e a 150 iei. ?., eai i?e 150 iei. ?. naiuey

?aniieaaaao, a i?e 30 iei. ?. ia ?aniieaaaao iaoa?eaeueiuie

oneiaeyie aeey ii?iaeueiie aeecie. I?aaaea, a ?aeeaee, naiaeiuo

i?eaycaiiinoyo e ae?oaeaa eaaeaeue aaaeiye iiaeao iaeoe i?eeiaeaiea aeey

oao naieo niiniaiinoae, eioi?ua neoaeao enoi/ieeii aunoaai

n/anouey. Ii oneiaea, niioonoaothuaa e?aeiae ieuaoa, iniaaiii a

ia?aianaeaiiuo ?aeiiao, iiaoo oaeoue naiua eo/oea ea/anoaa. Oa,

eiai iacuaatho “ioa?inaie” iaoeo aieueoeo ai?iaeia, ?aniieaaatho

i/aiue iaeuie aiciiaeiinoyie aeey ae?oaeau; ei iaaaaeiii i?eee/ey e

aeia?iii?yaei/iinoue, iie ii/oe ia ciatho niaeaney a naiaeiie aeecie;

/anoi e ?aeeaey ia iieo/aao e iei aeinooia. Iao niiiaiey, /oi eo

oece/aneay, oinoaaiiay e i?aanoaaiiay oua?aiinoue /anoe/ii

ii?iaeaeathony e eiuie i?e/eiaie, iiieii ieuaou, ii iineaaeiaa neoaeeo

aeaaiie i?e/eiie.

E?iia “ioa?inia”, nouanoaotho iiiai ethaeae eae a ai?iaea, oae e

a aea?aaia, eioi?ua au?anoatho, neoaeii ieoaynue e iaeaaaynue, a

aeeeeuiie oaniioa, /uea ia?aciaaiea i?a?uaaaony ec-ca oiai, /oi ei

i?eoiaeeony ?aii ia/eiaoue o?oaeeoueny ?aaee ca?aaioea, eioi?ua,

neaaeiaaoaeueii, a oa/aiea aeieaeo /ania caiyou o?oaeii, ecio?ythuei

eo enoiuaiiue i?aaieci, a iiyoiio ia/enoi eeoaiu aiciiaeiinoe

?acaeaaoue naie oinoaaiiua niiniaiinoe. Iie ia iaycaoaeueii aaaeoo

iacaei?iaoth eee ian/anoioth aeeciue. Iieo/ay ?aaeinoue a naieo

i?eaycaiiinoyo e aiao e /aeiaaeo e iaeaaeay, auoue iiaeao, iaeioi?ie

a?iaeaeaiiie ooii/aiiinoueth /oanoa, iie iiaoo aanoe aeeciue ai?acaei

iaiaa oua?aioth. *ai aeeciue iiiaeo, aeaaeathueo aieueoeo iaoa?eaeueiui

aiaaonoaii. Ii i?e anai oii aaaeiinoue ninoaaeyao aeey ieo

a?iiaaeiia, enoeiiia cei. Aeaaea eiaaea iie caei?iau, eo ooiieaiiinoue

/anoi ?aaiineeueia aiee, ?acaea/aiee o ieo iaei; eiaaea aea

ianooiaao aieaciue, no?aaeaiey, ii?iaeaeaaiua aaaeiinoueth,

oaeanyoa?ythony. E oioy iuouaiea oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe iiaeao a aieueoae

ia?a i?eia?youe eo n yoeie aaaenoaeyie, nouanoaotho ae?oaea aaaeu n

eioi?uie iii i?eia?eoue eo ia a ninoiyiee. Ia?aa?oaeaiiua ?aaioie e

inoaaoeany iaaeio/eaie, ecio?aiiua e eciiaeaeaiiua, ia eiathuea iieiy

e aeinoaa, iie eeoaiu eaeeo au oi ie auei oainia iieiinoueth

eniieueciaaoue naie oinoaaiiua niiniaiinoe.

Iiaeii auei iaeeaeaoue, /oi iaoea, eiathuay aeaei ni noieue
aaaeiuie

aeey aeaaininoiyiey /aeiaa/anoaa aii?inaie, i?eaea/ao e naaa

aieiaiea iiiaeo oaeaioeeaaeoeo iuneeoaeae eaaeaeie yiioe e ieaaeaony

oaia?ue ia iiaenooiao e iieiie c?aeinoe. Ii a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe

/enei o/aiuo-yeiiiienoia auei anaaaea iaaaeeei ii n?aaiaieth ni

neiaeiinoueth i?iaeai, eioi?ua yoie iaoea iaaeeaaeaei ?aoaoue, e a

?acoeueoaoa iia ana aua i?aauaaao ii/oe a ieaaeai/aneii ninoiyiee.

Iaeia ec i?e/ei oiai caeeth/aaony a iaaeiioeaiea aicaeaenoaey

yeiiiie/aneie iaoee ia aeinoeaeaiea aunoaai aeaaininoiyiey

/aeiaaea. A naiii aeaea, iaoea, i?aaeiaoii eco/aiey eioi?ie

yaeyaony aiaaonoai, /anoi i?aaenoaaeyaony iiiaei enneaaeiaaoaeyi ia

ia?aue acaeyae iooaeeeaathuae, eai oa, eoi aieueoa anaai aeaeaao aeey

?anoe?aiey a?aieoe iiciaiey, ?aaeei iaeoony i i?eia?aoaiee

aiaaonoaa ?aaee iaai naiiai.

Ii aua iaeia i?e/eia oaeiai ionoaaaiey e?iaony a oii oaeoa,

/oi iiiaea ec oao oneiaee eiaeono?eaeueiie aeecie, ec oao niiniaia

i?iecaiaenoaa, ?ani?aaeaeaiey e iio?aaeaiey, eioi?uie caieiaaony

nia?aiaiiay yeiiiie/aneay iaoea, aicieeee eeoue a naiia iineaaeiaa

a?aiy. I?aaaea, eciaiaiey a aa niaea?aeaiee a iaeioi?uo ioiioaieyo

ia noieue aaeeee, eae eciaiaiey a aa oi?ia, i?e/ai ai?acaei aieueoa

ec nia?aiaiiie yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee, /ai i?aaenoaaeyaony ia ia?aue

acaeyae, iiaeao auoue i?eiaiaii e oneiaeyi ionoaeuo ia?iaeia. Ii

aaeeinoai a niaea?aeaiee, ne?uaathuaany ca iiiaiia?aceai oi?i,

iaia?oaeeoue iaeaaei, a eciaiaiey a oi?ia i?eaiaeeee e oiio, /oi ai

ana a?aiaia iaiueoa ecaeaeaee iieueco ec ?aaio naieo

i?aaeoanoaaiieeia /ai iie iiaee au ecaea/ue, anee au oaeeo

eciaiaiee ia auei.

Yeiiiie/aneea oneiaey nia?aiaiiie aeecie, ianiio?y ia eo

aieueooth neiaeiinoue, ai iiiaeo ioiioaieyo i?aaenoaaeythony aieaa

yniuie /ai oneiaey i?aaeieo a?aiai. Oicyenoaaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue

aieaa /aoei ioaeaeyaony io ae?oaeo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe; i?aaa

eiaeeaeaeooiia ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaei eiaeeaeaeooiai e ii ioiioaieth e

iauanoao no?iaea ii?aaeaeaiu; e, /oi aaaeiaa anaai, inaiaiaeaeaiea io

aeanoe iau/aaa e ?anoe?aiea naiaiaeu oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe,

iinoiyiiia caaeyaeuaaiea aia?aae e iaonoaiiay i?aaei?eei/eainoue

i?eaeaee aieueooth ii?aaeaeaiiinoue e aieueoaa cia/aiea iiaoaeeoaeueiui

iioeaai, eioi?ua ?aaoee?otho ioiineoaeueiua noieiinoe ?acee/iuo

aauae e ?acee/iuo aeaeia o?oaea.

*anoi ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi nia?aiaiiua oi?iu eiaeono?eaeueiie

aeecie ioee/athony io noa?uo oai, /oi iie aieaa eiieo?aioiu. Ii

oaeay oa?aeoa?enoeea ia nianai oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueia. No?iaia

cia/aiea iiiyoey “eiieo?aioeey”, i/aaeaeii, caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi

iaeei /aeiaae ninoycaaony n ae?oaei, iniaaiii i?e i?iaeaaea eee

iieoiea /aai-eeai. Yoio aeae ninoycaiey oaia?ue, ianiiiaiii,

eioaineaiaa e oe?a ?ani?ino?aiai, /ai i?aaeaea, iaeiaei yoi eeoue

aoi?inoaiaiiia e, iiaeii aeaaea neacaoue, neo/aeiia neaaenoaea

ei?aiiuo iniaaiiinoae eiaeono?eaeueiie aeecie.

Iao eaeiai-eeai oa?ieia, eioi?ue iaaeeaaeauei ia?acii

oa?aeoa?eciaae yoe iniaaiiinoe. Iie caeeth/athony a oii, /oi

aicieeee ecaanoiay naiinoiyoaeueiinoue e i?eau/ea eaaeaeiai naiiio

auae?aoue naie nianoaaiiue iooue, aa?a a nianoaaiiua neeu;

iniio?eoaeueiinoue e aianoa n oai auno?ioa a auai?a ?aoaiee e

noaeaeaieyo; i?eau/ea i?aaeaeaeaoue aoaeouaa e ii?aaeaeyoue eo?n
aeaenoaee

n o/aoii aeaeueieo oeaeae. Yoe oaeoi?u iiaoo iiaoaeaeaoue e /anoi

iiaoaeaeatho ethaeae eiieo?e?iaaoue ae?oa n ae?oaii, ii, n ae?oaie

noi?iiu, iie iiaoo oieeaoue, a eae ?ac a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iie

aeaenoaeoaeueii oieeatho ethaeae a iai?aaeaiee onoaiiaeaiey

nio?oaeie/anoaa e nicaeaiey anyeiai ?iaea iauaaeeiaiee – ei?unoiuo e

aanei?unoiuo. Iaeiaei yoe oaiaeaioeee e eieeaeoeaiie nianoaaiiinoe e

e eieeaeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe ei?aiiui ia?acii ioee/athony io

aiaeiae/iuo oaiaeaioeee a i?aaeiea a?aiaia, oae eae iie yaeythony ia

?acoeueoaoii iau/ay, ianneaiie neeiiiinoe e iauaaeeiaieth nee ni

naieie ninaaeyie, a ?acoeueoaoii naiaiaeiiai auai?a eaaeaeui

eiaeeaeaeooiii oaeie eeiee iiaaaeaiey, eioi?ay – iinea ouaoaeueiiai

iaaeoiuaaiey – i?aaenoaaeyaony aio iaeaieaa iiaeoiaeyuae aeey

aeinoeaeaiey aai nianoaaiiuo oeaeae, aoaeue oi ei?unoiuo eee

aanei?unoiuo.

Oa?iei “eiieo?aioeey” ioaeaao neeoeii aieueoei i?eaeonii cea,

ii noae iiae?acoiaaaoue ecaanoioth aeieth yaiecia e aac?acee/ey e

aeaaiiieo/eth ae?oaeo ethaeae. I?aaaea, a i?aaeieo oi?iao i?iecaiaenoaa

iaaethaeaeinue iaiueoa niciaoaeueiiai ei?unoiethaey, /ai a nia?aiaiiuo,

ii oai auei e iaiueoa niciaoaeueiiai aanei?unoey. Eiaiii o?acaue

?an/ao, a ia ei?unoiethaea ninoaaeyao iniaaiiinoue nia?aiaiiie

yiioe.

Nia?aiaiiay yiioa, ianiiiaiii, ii?iaeeea iiaua aiciiaeiinoe

aeey iaiaia a oi?aiaea. I?ia?ann ciaiee ioe?ue iiaua niiniau

i?iecaiaenoaa iiaeaeaeie, iicaieee ecia?anoe iiiai iiauo

?aciiaeaeiinoae oaeueneoeeaoeee. I?iecaiaeeoaeue oaia?ue iaiiiai

ioaeaeai io eiia/iiai iio?aaeoaey, a ca aai i?anooieaiey ia

neaaeoao noieue nei?ay e no?iaay ea?a, eaeay iaaeaao ia aieiao

ia?a/aiiiai aeeoue e oia?aoue a ?iaeiie aea?aaia /aeiaaea, aan/anoii

iaiaioaoaai naiaai ninaaea. Aiciiaeiinoe aeey iioaiie/anoaa oaia?ue,

aaconeiaii aieaa iiiai/eneaiiu, /ai i?aaeaea, iaeiaei iao iniiaaiee

n/eoaoue, /oi ethaee eniieuecotho aieueooth aeieth oaeeo aiciiaeiinoae,

iaaeaee ?aiueoa. Iai?ioea, nia?aiaiiua iaoiaeu oi?aiaee aeeth/atho a

naay aioaaeoea a i?eau/eo i?eioeeiu aeiaa?ey, n iaeiie noi?iiu, a n

ae?oaie – niiniaiinoue i?ioeainoiyoue eneooaieth iaiaiuaaoue,

niiniaiinoue ia naienoaaiioth ionoaeui ia?iaeai. I?eia?u

i?inoiaeooiie i?aaaeeainoe e /anoiinoe ioaeaeueiuo eeoe ano?a/athony

i?e anao nioeeaeueiuo oneiaeyo, ii oa, eoi iuoaeny nicaeaaaoue

oicyenoaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey nia?aiaiiiai oeia a ionoaeie no?aia,

iaia?oaeeaaee, /oi iie a?yae ee iiaoo iieaaaoueny ia oocaiiia

ianaeaiea i?e iiaeai?a ethaeae ia iinou, o?aaothuea aeiaa?ey.

Aicieeaao cia/eoaeueii aieueoay iaiaoiaeeiinoue a eiii?oa ?aaioieeia

aeey oaeeo ?aaio, eioi?ua o?aaotho aunieeo ii?aeueiuo ea/anoa, /ai

aeey ?aaio, o?aaothueo aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee e oinoaaiiuo

niiniaiinoae. Iaiai e iioaiie/anoai a oi?aiaea auee a n?aaeiea

aaea noieue oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiu, /oi i?inoi ii?aaeaaoueny, eaeea

o?oaeiinoe a oa a?aiaia ii?iaeaeaea aaciaeacaiiay i?anooiiinoue.

Ia anao noaaeeyo oeeaeeecaoeee, a eioi?ie oe?aieeanue aeanoue

aeaiaa, iiyou e i?icaeee n ianeaaeaeaieai aeeaiienaee i?ioeue,

iiaeeeiii “cieioie aae”, iiea ie? ia ii/oanoaiaae ia naaa aiao

naiiai /oi ie ia anoue iaoa?eaeueiiai cieioa. Eo eaeeeeenoe/aneea

ea?oeiu auee i?ae?aniu, aoaeeee aeaai?iaeiua iunee e iaia?aiey, ii

i/aiue iaei niioaaonoaiaaee i?aaaea enoi?ee. Iaeaiueeei iaueiai n

i?inoaeoeie iio?aaiinoyie, eioi?ua uaae?ay i?e?iaea n eeoaie

oaeiaeaoai?yea, iaeiaaea aeaenoaeoaeueii ii/oe ia i?eoiaeeeinue

i?aaeaaaoueny caaioai i naieo iaoa?eaeueiuo ioaeaeao e eneooaieth

ei?unoiuo iiaoaeaeaiee. Iaeiaei, eiaaea iai oaeaaony i?iieeiooue ai

aioo?aiithth aeeciue aonoiianaeaiiuo no?ai, aeeaoueo oaea a iaoa a?aiy

a i?eieoeaiuo oneiaeyo, iu iaia?oaeeaaai aieueoa ioaeaeu, aieueoa

ei?unoe, aieueoa aeanoieinoe, /ai iiaeii auei caiaoeoue ia

?annoiyiee; aianoa n oai iu ieaaea ia iaeaeai aieaa oe?iei

?ani?ino?aiaiiue eiioi?o, ni/aoathueeny n iaiueoeie no?aaeaieyie,

/ai a naaiaeiyoiai caiaaeiii ie?a. Ia neaaeoao eeaeieoue oeeaeeecaoeeth,

iacaaieai, eioi?ia i?aaeiieaaaao cei.

Auoue iiaeao iai?aaiia?ii ?ani?ino?aiyoue oaeoth oa?aeoa?enoeeo

ia iiiyoea “eiieo?aioeey”, ii oaeoe/anee iia ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia

iaai. A naiii aeaea, eiaaea eiieo?aioeey auiineony ia noae, i?aaeaea

anaai iiae/a?eeaathony aa aioeiauanoaaiiua oi?iu, eioi?ua noieue

aaaeiu aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey yia?aee e naiiaeaeaeaiey, /oi i?ae?auaiea eo

aeaenoaey iiaeao ia?ooeoue noaaeeueiinoue iauanoaaiiiai

aeaaininoiyiey. Oi?aiaoeu eee i?iecaiaeeoaee, iaia?oaeeaathuea, /oi

eo eiieo?aio i?aaeeaaaao oiaa?u ii aieaa ieceie oeaia, eioi?ay ia

i?eianao ei aunieoth i?eaueue, aiciouathony aai aoi?aeaieai ia ?uiie

e aeaeothony ia iaianaiiue ei oua?a, oioy aiieia iiaeao ieacaoueny,

/oi ethaee, i?eia?aoathuea aeaoaaua oiaa?u, eniuouaatho aieueooth
ioaeaeo,

/ai iie naie, e /oi yia?aey e ecia?aoaoaeueiinoue eo niia?ieea

i?aaenoaaeytho niaith auea?uo aeey iauanoaa. Ai iiiaeo neo/ayo

“?aaoee?iaaiea eiieo?aioeee” – yoi aaiaeyuee a caaeoaeaeaiea oa?iei,

ca eioi?ui ne?uaaaony aicieeiiaaiea i?eaeeaae?iaaiiiai eeanna

i?iecaiaeeoaeae, /anoi eniieuecothueo naith eieeaeoeaioth neeo, /oiau

aini?aiyonoaiaaoue iiiuoeai niiniaiiai /aeiaaea iiaeiyoueny auoa

auoa ii iauanoaaiiie eanoieoea e aeiaiaoue eo. Iiae i?aaeeiaii

iiaeaaeaiey aioeiauanoaaiiie eiieo?aioeee iie eeoatho aai

aiciiaeiinoe ninoaaeoue naaa iiaoth ea?uea?o, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?ie

oneoae, i?aaeinoaaeyaiua ei iio?aaeoaeyi oiaa?a, ieaaeoony aieueoeie

/ai oua?a, iaiineiue ioiineoaeueii iaeaiueeie a?oiia eeoe

iaaeiaieueiuo aai eiieo?aioeeae.

Anee eiieo?aioeee i?ioeaiiinoaaeyaony aeoeaiia nio?oaeie/anoai

a aanei?unoiie aeayoaeueiinoe ia anaiauaa aeaai, oiaaea aeaaea eo/oea

oi?iu eiieo?aioeee yaeythony ioiineoaeueii aeo?iuie, a aa naiua

aeanoieea e ieceea oi?iu iii?inoo iia?ceoaeueiuie. A ie?a, aaea ana

ethaee auee au niaa?oaiii aeia?iaeaoaeueiu, eiieo?aioeee ia auei au

ianoa, ii oi aea naiia ioiineony e e /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe e ei

anai oi?iai /anoiiai i?aaa. Ethaee aeoiaee au oieueei i naieo

iaycaiiinoyo, e ieeoi ia no?aieeny au iieo/eoue aieueooth, /ai o aai

ninaaeae, aeieth aeeciaiiuo oaeianoa e ?ineioe. E?oiiua i?iecaiaeeoaee

eaaei iiaee au iicaieeoue naaa ia?aiineoue /ooi/eo eeoaiee e,

neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeaeaoue naiei ninaaeyi iineaaaa, /oiau iie,

i?iecaiaey iaiueoa, iio?aaeyee aieueoa. Eniuouaay ?aaeinoue io iaeiiai

yoiai niciaiey, iie noaee au o?oaeeoueny ia iauaa aeaai ni anae

i?enouae ei yia?aeae, ecia?aoaoaeueiinoueth e eneeth/eoaeueiie

eieoeeaoeaie. E /aeiaa/anoai iiaaaeiiinii i?iaeaeaaeinue au aia?aae e

aia?aae a naiae aa/iie ai?ueaa n i?e?iaeie. Oaeia yoio “cieioie

aae”, eioi?ue iiaoo i?aaeaeooaoue iiyou e ia/oaoaee. Ii anee o?acai

iiaeoiaeeoue e aeaeo, oi aieaa /ai aeoii eaii?e?iaaoue ianiaa?oainoaa,

ana aua naienoaaiiua /aeiaa/aneie iaoo?a.

Enoi?ey aiiaua, enoi?ey nioeeaeenoe/aneeo yenia?eiaioia a

iniaaiiinoe naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi iaueiiaaiiua ethaee ?aaeei niiniaiu

i?iyaeyoue /enoi eaeaaeueiue aeueo?oeci a oa/aiea neieueei-ieaoaeue

aeeeoaeueiiai a?aiaie; eneeth/aiea ninoaaeytho eeoue oa neo/ae, eiaaea

iaoe?ioeiia ?aaiea iaeaiueeie a?oiiee ?aeeaeiciuo oaiaoeeia

ia?auaao iaoa?eaeueiua caaiou a ie/oi ii n?aaiaieth n aunoae aa?ie.

Ianiiiaiii, aeaaea e oaia?ue ethaee a ninoiyiee ai?acaei aieueoa

niaa?oaoue aanei?unoiuo aeayiee, /ai iie iau/ii niaa?oatho, e

aaee/aeoay caaea/a yeiiiienoa ninoieo a oii, /oiau auyaeoue, eaeei

ia?acii auno?aa e iaeaieaa oeaeaniia?acii i?eaanoe a aeaenoaea e

eniieueciaaoue ia iauaa aeaai yoi oeaiiia ea/anoai /aeiaaea. Iaeiaei

yeiiiieno ia aeieaeai ii?eoeaoue eiieo?aioeeth aiiaua, aac anyeiai

aiaeeca; ii iaycai i?eaea?aeeaaoueny iaeo?aeueiie iiceoeee a ioiioaiee

ethaiai aa i?iyaeaiey, iiea ia oaaaeeony a oii, /oi ia?aie/aiea

eiieo?aioeee, o/eouaay ?aaeueiua naienoaa /aeiaa/aneie iaoo?u, ia

ieaaeaony ia i?aeoeea aieaa aioeiauanoaaiiui, /ai naia eiieo?aioeey.

Iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi oa?iei “eiieo?aioeey” ia aiieia

i?eaiaeai aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee niaoeeoe/aneeo /a?o eiaeono?eaeueiie

aeecie nia?aiaiiie yiioe. Iaiaoiaeei oa?iei, eioi?ue ia naycai n

i?aanoaaiiuie naienoaaie, aoaeue oi aeia?uie eee aeo?iuie, a io?aaeaao

oio aannii?iue oaeo, /oi aeey oi?aiaee e i?iiuoeaiiinoe iaoaai

a?aiaie oa?aeoa?iu aieueoay naiinoiyoaeueiinoue, aieueoay

i?aaeoniio?eoaeueiinoue, aieaa o?acaue e naiaiaeiue auai? ?aoaiee. Ia

nouanoaoao aaeeiiai oa?ieia, no?iai niioaaonoaothuaai aeaiiie oeaee,

ii au?aaeaiea naiaiaea i?iecaiaenoaa e i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa, eee,

ei?i/a, yeiiiie/aneay naiaiaea, oeacuaaao i?aaeeueiia iai?aaeaiea,

e aai iiaeii oiio?aaeyoue ca iaeiaieai eo/oaai. ?acoiaaony yoio

o?acaue e naiaiaeiue auaiae caeeth/aao a naaa aiciiaeiinoue iaeioi?iai

ia?aie/aiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie naiaiaeu, eiaaea nio?oaeie/anoai eee

iauaaeeiaiea noeyo iaeeo/oee iooue aeinoeaeaiey oeaee.

Yeiiiie/aneay iaoea caieiaaony eco/aieai oiai, eae ethaee

nouanoaotho, ?acaeaathony e i /ai iie aeoiatho a naiae iianaaeiaaiie

aeecie. Ii i?aaeiaoii aa enneaaeiaaiee yaeythony aeaaiui ia?acii oa

iiaoaeeoaeueiua iioeau, eioi?ua iaeaieaa neeueii e iaeaieaa

onoie/eai aicaeaenoaotho ia iiaaaeaiea /aeiaaea a oicyenoaaiiie

noa?a aai aeecie. Eaaeaeue neieueei-ieaoaeue aeinoieiue /aeiaae ioaeaao

oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe eo/oea naie ea/anoaa, e caeanue, eae e a

ae?oaeo iaeanoyo, ii iiaeaa?aeai aeeyieth ee/iuo i?eaycaiiinoae,

i?aaenoaaeaiee i aeieaa e i?aaeaiiinoe aunieei eaeaaeai. I?aaaea,

naiua niiniaiua ecia?aoaoaee e i?aaiecaoi?u oniaa?oainoaiaaiiuo

iaoiaeia i?iecaiaenoaa e iaoei iinayuatho yoiio aeaeo ana naie neeu,

aeaeaeeiua nei?aa aeaai?iaeiui aeooii ni?aaiiaaiey, iaaeaee aeaaeaeie

aiaaonoaa eae oaeiaiai. Ii i?e anai yoii naiui onoie/eaui

noeioeii e aaaeaieth oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe neoaeeo aeaeaiea

iieo/eoue ca iaa ieaoo, eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaoa?eaeueiia

aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ca ?aaioo. Iia caoai iiaeao auoue ec?anoiaeiaaia ia

yaienoe/iua eee aeueo?oenoe/aneea, aeaai?iaeiua eee ieciaiiua oeaee,

e caeanue iaoiaeeo naia i?iyaeaiea iiiainoi?iiiinoue /aeiaa/aneie

iaoo?u. Iaeiaei iiaoaeeoaeueiui iioeaii aunooiaao ii?aaeaeaiiia

eiee/anoai aeaiaa. Eiaiii yoi ii?aaeaeaiiia e oi/iia aeaiaaeiia

ecia?aiea naiuo onoie/eauo noeioeia a oicyenoaaiiie aeecie

iicaieeei yeiiiie/aneie iaoea aeaeaei iia?aaeeoue ana ae?oaea iaoee,

enneaaeothuea /aeiaaea. Ii yeiiiie/aneoth iaoeo iaeuecy i?e?aaiyoue e

oi/iui anoanoaaiiui iaoeai, eai iia eiaao aeaei n iinoiyiii

iaiythueieny, i/aiue oiieeie naienoaaie /aeiaa/aneie iaoo?u.

Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey aiana ia ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi ethaee –

yaienou, eee /oi iie /a?an/o? iaoa?eaeenoe/iu, n ia?aie/aiiui

e?oaici?ii, eioa?anothony oieueei aeaiueaaie e ia /oanoaeoaeueiu ei

anaio inoaeueiiio. Ie/aai yoiai ia i?aaeiieaaaaony, eiaaea iu

aiai?ei, /oi ethaee no?aiyony e aiciiaeii aieueoae /enoie iieueca. A

aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ana caaeneo io oiai, eae iie naie iiieiatho naie

eioa?anu. Iaeioi?ua eniuouaatho ia?iiiia oaeiaeaoai?aiea, iiiiaay

ae?oaei. Anoue, e niaeaeaieth, e oaeea – aa?iyoii, eo iaiiiai –

eioi?ua iieo/atho oaeiaeaoai?aiea, a?aaey naiei aeeaeiei. Eoi-oi

ianeaaeaeaaony aeaeii oeaaooueo ?ic. Ae?oaea n ioioie ionoeeenue au a

niaeoeyoeeth ai?iaeneie iaaeaeaeeiinoueth.

Ii anee ana ethaee oaeea ?aciua, oi eaeei aea ia?acii, enoiaey

ec iaeiie oieueei i?aaeiinueee i no?aieaiee eaaeaeiai oaeiaeaoai?eoue

naie eioa?anu, yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee oaeaaony /oi-oi iauynieoue eee

i?aaeneacaoue a eo iiaaaeaiee? ?acaa ec yoie i?aaeiinueee neaaeoao

/oi-eeai iiieii oiai, /oi ethaee anaaaea aeaenoaotho oae, eae oioyo, a

/ai au ia ninoiyee eo eioa?anu?

A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ethaee ioithaeue ia oaeea oae ?aciua, eae
iiaei

au iieacaoueny ec naeaeaiiuo auoa niiinoaaeaiee. Anai iai iinoiyiii

oaeaaony i?aaeeueii i?aaeneacuaaoue iinooiee niaa?oaiii iaciaeiiuo

ethaeae – aac yoiai ii?iaeueiay aeeciue a iauanoaa i?inoi iaaiciiaeia.

E?iia oiai, a ethaii iauanoaa, oe?iei eniieuecothuai aeaiueae, ii/oe

eaaeaeue /aeiaae i?aaeii/eoaao eiaoue eo iiaieueoa, iioiio /oi aeaiueae

?anoe?ytho aiciiaeiinoe aeinoeaeaiey nianoaaiiuo eioa?ania (a /ai au

iie ia ninoiyee). Iineaaeiaa ianoiyoaeuenoai neeueii iiiiaaao

i?aaeneacuaaoue /aeiaa/aneia iiaaaeaiea.

Iii oaeaea ieacuaaaony aanueia iieaciui e a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea

o?aaoaony iiaeeyoue ia iiaaaeaiea ae?oaeo ethaeae. Yeiiiie/aneay

oai?ey ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi, aeaenoaoy a naieo nianoaaiiuo eioa?anao,

ethaee nicaeatho aiciiaeiinoe auai?a aeey ae?oaeo e /oi iauanoaaiiay

eii?aeeiaoeey anoue i?ioeann iai?a?uaiiai acaeiiiai i?eniiniaeaiey e

eciaiaieyi a /enoie auaiaea, aicieeathuei a ?acoeueoaoa eo

acaeiiaeaenoaey. Yoi, eiia/ii, i/aiue aano?aeoiia ?annoaeaeaiea.

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