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Актуальность идей Д. Рикардо

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IINEIANEEE AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE OIEAA?NEOAO

eiaie I.A. EIIIIINIAA.

YEIIIIE*ANEEE OAEOEUeOAO

AEOOAEUeIINOUe EAeAE Ae. ?EEA?AeI.

(?AOA?AO)

Nooaeaioa II eo?na

205 a?oiiu

Oiaeaaa Aeieo?ey

Iineaa, 1996.

Aeaaeae ?eea?aei aue auaeathueiny i?aaenoaaeoaeai eeanne/aneie
iieeoe/aneie yeiiiiee Aiaeee. Eae no?iaee oai?aoee, ii yaii i?aainoiaeee
Aaeaia Nieoa. Aeaa aiaeec yeiiiie/aneeo yaeaiee e i?ioeannia, ?eea?aei
noi?ioee?iaae na?eth yeiiiie/aneeo caeiiia, eioi?ua aioee a
nie?iaeuieoeo iieeoe/aneie yeiiiiee, iiaeaa?a iao/iie e?eoeea ioeaee
Aaeaia Nieoa. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, “Aiaaonoai ia?iaeia” niaea?aeeo
aieueoaa eiee/anoai nouanoaaiiuo iaiauaiee, eanathueony
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey yeiiiie/aneeo nenoai, /ai “Ia/aea” ?eea?aei e,
aiciiaeii, /ai ethaie ae?oaie o?aeoao ii yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee XVIII –
XIX a. Iiyoiio, anee n/eoaoue i?iaeaiie yeiiiie/aneie iaoee
“?ani?aaeaeaiea ia?aie/aiiuo n?aaenoa iaaeaeo eiieo?e?othueie oeaeyie”,
oi a yoii neo/aa Nieo aian a yeiiiie/aneoth iaoeo aieueoee aeeaae, /ai
?eea?aei. ?eea?aei aea niaoeeaeueii ia?auaaony e i?iaeaia ?ani?aaeaeaiey
oieueei a aaeeinoaaiiii ianoa – aeaaa i aiaoiae oi?aiaea. Caeanue ii
?ane?uaaao yoo i?iaeaio iaiiiai oe?a e aeoaaea, /ai Aaeai Nieo. Oaeaea,
anee iiae aeaaiie i?iaeaiie yeiiiie/aneie iaoee iiae?acoiaaaoue ?ino e
?acaeoea, oi Nieo ooae aeaeaei aia?aae, a anee n/eoaoue, /oi
yeiiiie/aneay iaoea – yoi i?oaeea aiaeeca, iaoiae iuoeaiey, a ia iaai?
nouanoaaiiuo ?acoeueoaoia, oi ?eea?aei aoeaaeueii ecia?ae oaoieeo
yeiiiie/aneie iaoee, iiiuoaeny naeaeaoue yoo iaoeo iaoaiaoe/anee oi/iie.

A naieo enneaaeiaaieyo Aeaaeae ?eea?aei ioaeaaae i?ei?eoao
i?iecaiaenoao. Enoi/iee noieiinoe e aeioiaeia ii eneae a noa?a
i?iecaiaenoaa, a a oai?ee ?ani?aaeaeaiey aeaeae iiiuoeo ioaaoeoue
aeaeaeaiea anae yeiiiieee. ?eea?aei no?aieeny iieacaoue aeeiaieeo
i?iecaiaenoaa e aeioiaeia a oeaeii. I?e yoii ii oe?iei iieueciaaeny
iaoiaeii aano?aeoeee: ioaaouaay oe?ieee e?oa cia/eoaeueiuo yeiiiie/aneeo
i?iaeai n iiiiuueth i?inoie aiaeeoe/aneie iiaeaee ii auaae aia/aoeythuea
caeeth/aiey, eioi?ua iiaee iineoaeeoue iniiaie aeey yeiiiie/aneie
iieeoeee.

Aeeyiea o?aeoaoa ?eea?aei aeaei i naaa ciaoue i?aeoe/anee n?aco aea
iinea aai iioaeeeiaaiey, e aieueoa iieiaeiu noieaoey “Ia/aea” auee
iniiaie yeiiiie/aneiai iuoeaiey a Aiaeee. O?oaeu ?eea?aei iiiiaee
i?aa?aoeoue naiaiaeioth oi?aiaeth a iiioey?ioth oeaeue a?eoaineie
iieeoeee. Ii aue noi?iiieeii naiaiaeiie oi?aiaee e n/eoae, /oi ia/aai
aaniieieoueny, anee aaic oiaa?ia i?aauoaao auaic, a cieioi ooaeaao ec
no?aiu e aue oaa?ai, /oi naiaiaeiue eiii?o aaoiiaoe/anee ?aaoee?oao
ia?auaiea cieioa, eieaaaiea oeai e iiiiaaao onoaiaaeeaaoue yeiiiie/aneia
?aaiiaanea. Yoi auei oai?aoe/aneei iainiiaaieai aeey aeieain?i/iiai
?aoaiey i?iaeaiu ?inoa, eioi?ia A?eoaiey i?eiyea a XIX aaea: iia noaea
“ianoa?neie ie?a” e caeoiaea aieueooth /anoue i?iaeiaieuenoaey ca
?oaaaeii.

Aeaaea oa nia?aiaiiua ?eea?aei yeiiiienou, eoi nii?ee n iei ii
ioaeaeueiui aii?inai, – Eiiaoeeae, Naiei? e ae?oaea – aini?eiyee
aeaaioth eaeath ?eea?aei, /oi i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue o?oaea a naeueneii
oicyenoaa ia?yaeo n aaeiauie eciaiaieyie a ?ani?aaeaeaiee aeioiaea
oi?aaeyao ii?iie i?eauee ia eaieoae. Iiea oeaaiua caeiiu aeaenoaiaaee,
aii?in i naiaiaeiie oi?aiaea i?eaeaaae nenoaia ?eea?aei i?aeoe/aneia
cia/aiea. E eiaaea a 1846 aiaeo i?iecioea eo ioiaia, “I?eioeeiu” Ieeey,
iioaeeeiaaiiua ia aeaa aiaea iicaea, i?eaeaee iiaoth neeo iaaeeaaeauei
ia?acii aeiiieiaiiui eaeayi Aeaaeaea ?eea?aei. Iaeiaei iinea 1870 aiaea
aieueoeinoai yeiiiienoia ioeacaeenue io oiai, /oi iacuaaee
?eea?aeeaineie oai?eae oeaiiinoe e ?ani?aaeaeaiey, e niaeaneeenue n
Aeaeaaiinii a oii, /oi ?eea?aei “ia?aaae iiacae yeiiiie/aneie iaoee ia
eiaeiue iooue”.Ai aoi?ie iieiaeia XIX aaea ia?enenou i?eaaonoaiaaee
oai?eth ?eea?aei, oioy e e?eoeeiaaee aa ca aioeenoi?eci,
iaiineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue e ao?aeoacioth ia?aie/aiiinoue.

A iineaaeiaa aeanyoeeaoea XIX aaea i?iecioei aua iaeii eciaiaiea
iiceoeee ii ioiioaieth e ?eea?aei, oae eae /anoue aaoi?ia auea aiacaiii
ii?aaeaia iuneueth i oii, /oi noa?iiiaeiay oai?ey ?aiou ?eea?aei ia
naiii aeaea yaeyaony iniaui neo/aai iaiiiai aieaa iauae oai?ee. ?eea?aei
iieacae, /oi iineaaeiaa i?e?auaiea o?oaea e eaieoaea ia eioaineaii
eniieuecoaiii o/anoea caiee ie/aai ia aeiaaaeyao e ?aioa e ninoieo
eneeth/eoaeueii ec ca?aaioiie ieaou e i?ioeaioa; ?aioa aea iaycaia naiei
nouanoaiaaieai aieaa aunieie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe o/anoeia, aieaa
ieiaei?iaeiuo , /ai i?aaeaeueiue. Aeenaeeue e Aeaeii Aaeon Eea?e iiiyee,
/oi a i?aaeaeueiii ninoiyiee n ionoonoaeai ?aiou iao ie/aai
oieeaeueiiai: eiaaea caiey – ia?aiaiiue oaeoi?, a o?oae n eaieoaeii –
iinoiyiiua oaeoi?u, i?aaeaeueiia ninoiyiea aoaeao oa?aeoa?eciaaoueny
ionoonoaeai ca?aaioiie ieaou e i?ioeaioa. Oae ?iaeeeanue oai?ey
?ani?aaeaeaiey ia iniia i?aaeaeueiie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, e e i?i/ei
aeinoeaeaieyi ?eea?aei oaia?ue iaiaoiaeeii aeiaaaeoue ecia?aoaiea
i?aaeaeueiiai aiaeeca. Ia iaeioi?ia a?aiy ?eea?aei iiyoue aioae a iiaeo,
e aeaaea Ia?oaee noae ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi iniiaaiey ?eea?aeeaineie oai?ee
oeaiiinoe, eioi?ay naycaia n ecaea?aeeaie i?iecaiaenoaa, i?aauaatho a
oeaeinoe e nio?aiiinoe.

Ii, e niaeaeaieth, a 30-o aiaeao iaoaai noieaoey iayoiee ea/ioeny a
ia?aoiii iai?aaeaiee, e i?iaeaia niaieoiiiai yooaeoeaiiai ni?ina
canoaaeea aieueoeinoai yeiiiienoia niaeaneoueny n Eaeinii a oii, /oi
“iieiia aeiieie?iaaiea ?eea?aeeaineiai iiaeoiaea ia i?ioyaeaiee 100 eao
auei eaoano?ioie aeey i?ia?anna yeiiiie/aneie iaoee”. Ii a?yaeee, anee
au ia auei ?eea?aei, yeiiiie/aneay iaoea i?ioeiai noieaoey iinayoeea au
naay iae?iyeiiiie/aneie i?iaeaia aac?aaioeoeu. I?eciaiea ?eea?aei
ciaiaieoiai “caeiia ?uieia”, iinooee?othuaai oaiaeaioeeth e ?aaiiaaniiio
ninoiyieth i?e iieiie caiyoinoe, auei iaaeinoaoi/ii i?iaeoiaii e
inoaaaeinue ia aieaa /ai aeiaiie. Eae oai?aoee a iaeanoe aeaiaaeiie
oai?ee ?eea?aei onooiae eo/oei ec naieo nia?aiaiieeia. Oai ia iaiaa
ecia?aoaiiua ?eea?aei caeii n?aaieoaeueiuo i?aeiouanoa e
n?aaieoaeueii-noaoe/aneee iaoiae aiaeeca ia?aaeeee naia a?aiy. A
oeaio?aeueiay i?iaeaia,noaayuayny ?eea?aei, a eiaiii, eae eciaiaiey
ioiineoaeueiuo aeieae a i?iaeoeoa caiee, o?oaea e eaieoaea naycaiu n
ii?iie iaeiieaiey eaieoaea, inoaaony iaeiei ec iai?aoiaeyueo i?aaeiaoia
eioa?ana aeey nia?aiaiiuo yeiiiienoia. A yoii niunea ?eea?aeeaineay
oai?ey aua aeeaa.

Oaeaea ia inoaeny aac aieiaiey iiene Aeaaeaeii ?eea?aei “iaeciaiiie ia?u
oeaiiinoe” – ia?eea, eioi?ia naii eiaa?eaioii ioiineoaeueii ecia?aiee
eae a ca?aaioiie ieaoa, oae e a ii?ia i?eauee. Oae a XIX aaea iuoaeenue
?anniio?aoue yoo i?iaeaio oaeea ecaanoiua yeiiiienou eae Aeaeii Notha?o
Ieeeue e Ea?e Ia?en, a ai aoi?ie iieiaeia XX aaea nia?aiaiiue ?aaeaeoi?
o?oaeia ?eea?aei Iuea?i N?aooa iioaeeeiaae eieao, aaea einioeny yoie
i?iaeaiu e iaia?aaaeny aeieacaoue, /oi yoa caaea/a ?eea?aei ia aeaea
iiaeao auoue ?aoaia e, aieaa oiai, aa ?aoaiea /?aaaoi aeoaieeie
iineaaenoaeyie aeey nia?aiaiiie yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee.

A caeeth/aiea iiaeii neacaoue, /oi a iaoe aeie noaeeoue ia aeooaeueiinoe
eaeeo-eeai eaeae oiai eee eiiai yeiiiienoa XIX aaea aeiaieueii o?oaeii,
oae eae enoi?e/aneia ?acaeoea oneiaeieei iieeoe/aneoth e yeiiiie/aneoth
neooaoeeth a ie?a e nae/an aieueoeinoai no?ai ia?aoei ia niaoaiiue oei
yeiiiieee, a yeiiiienou i?ioeiai noieaoey a naiai aieueoeinoaa
?anniao?eaaee eaieoaeeci a /enoii aeaea, /oi nae/an i?aeoe/anee ia
nouanoaoao. Iiyoiio aieueoeinoai eaeae iioa?yee naith aeooaeueiinoue. Ii
ana aea iaeioi?ua ?aoeeiiaeueiua ca?ia eniieuecothony a iiauo oai?eyo,
aicieeaaiuo a ?acoeueoaoa eciaiaiey iieeoe/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaee
iauanoaa.

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