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Оценка экологических воздействий ветроэнергетической станции мощностью 10 МВт на окружающую среду

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Naieo – Iaoa?ao?aneee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oaoie/aneee Oieaa?neoao

Eo?niaay ?aaioa

Ioeaiea yeieiae/aneeo aicaeaenoaee

aao?iyia?aaoe/aneie noaioeee

iiuiinoueth 10 IAo

ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo.

Nooaeaio: Inieei Aaaaiee

AOO a? 5016/1

I?aiiaeaaaoaeue: Ianeeeia

Aeaaeeie?

Eaaiiae/

Naieo – Iaoa?ao?a 1998

1) Oaoie/aneia caaeaiea:

iiuiinoue AYN 10 000 eAo

iiuiinoue AYO 500 eAo

aeeaiao? aao?ieieana 37 i

aunioa aao?iaaoie 35 i

/anoioa a?auaiey 30 ia/iei

/enei /ania ?aaiou 1300 //aiae

ooi 105 aea

Ia?aiao?u OYN

ianoi iino?ieee Naoaeei

iiuiinoue OYN 100 IAo

oaeaeueiue ?anoiae oiieeaa 350 a.o.o

aunioa o?oau 90 i

oiieeai oaieue

Oeaeue :

1) Ioeaieoue yeieiae/aneee yooaeo a aeaea yeiiiiee oiieeaa
e nieaeaiey caa?yciaiee ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo e yeiiiiee
eenei?iaea.

2) Ii?aaeaeaiea aicaeaenoaey ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo e naieoa?ii –
caueoiie ciiu.

?an/?o:

2. Ii?aaeaeei eiee/anoai AYO:

n = ( N AYN / N AYO = 10 000 / 500 = 20 oo

3. Aiaeiaay yeiiiiey oiieeaa i?e ?aaioa AYN:

YAYNaiae = N AYN * O ONO = 10 000 * 1 300 = 13 000 000 eAo/

4. Ii?aaeaeei aaee/eio caiauathuae au?aaioee yeaeo?iyia?aee ia
OYN:

YOYNaiae = Y aiae * k ni = 13 000 000 * 1,05 = 13 650 000 eAo/

5. Ii?aaeaeyai aiaeiaoth yeiiiieth oiieeaa ia OYN:

AOYN = YOYNaiae * b oae = 13 650 000 * 350 a.o.o. = 4 777 500 o.o.o.

6. Aaee/eio nieaeaiey aua?inia caa?yciythueo aauanoa a aoiinoa?o
ii?aaeaeyai ii oi?ioea:

V ia = ( Q oo / Q ?i )*(( (1,088Q?i+66W?-10) + (0,053Q?i+12,4Wp+50)) =

(7000 /
3650)*(1,3(1,088*3650+66*0,3-10)+(0,053*3650+12,4*0,29+50))=10.39 o

aaea Q ?i = 3 650 eeae/ea (iecoay oaieioa nai?aiey oiieeaa)

Q oo = 7 000 eeae/ea (oaieioa nai?aiey oaeaeueiiai oiieeaa)

( = 1,3 ( eiyo. ecauoea aicaeooa i?iaeoeoia ai?aiey)

Wp = 29% (i?ioeaio niaea?aeaiey aeaae a oiieeaa)

SO2 =3 a/i3 = 3*10-6 o/i3

I SO2 = ( V*3*10-6

Aeey N = 100 IAo auae?ath eio?e n i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth 320 o//,

(V = 10,39*4777,5 = 49 638 o

I SO2 = 49 638*3*10-6 = 0,15 o/i3

NO2 = 0.25 – 0.5 a/i3

I NO2 = 49 638*0.25*10-6 = 0.012 o/i3

CO2 = 0.02 – 0.3 a/i3

I CO2 = 49 638*0.04*10-6 = 0.002 o/i3

Iueue = 0,06 – 1 a/i3

I Iueue = 49 638*0,06*10-6 = 0,0029 o/i3

7. Ii?aaeaeaiea ieaou ca aua?in.

Aua?inu ia i?aauoatho eeieoiuo cia/aiee. Aeey ?an/aoa i?eieiaai
ii?iaoeaioth noaaeo.

SO2 = 0,15*66*48 = 475,2 ?oa/o

NO2 =0.012*55,1*48 = 31,74 ?oa/o

CO2 =0.002*1,09*48 = 0,104 ?oa/o

Iueue = 0,0029*22*48 = 3,06 ?oa/o

8. Ioeaiea aicaeaenoaey AYN ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo.

8.1. Ii?aaeaeaiea ieiuaaee, caieiaaiie AYN.

I?eieiaaony neiiao?e/iay ?ica aao?ia.

A = 1480*1110 = 1 642 800 i2 = 164 aa

N AYO / A = 500 / 164 = 3 eAo/aa

8.2. Ii?aaeaeyai ?aaeeon ?annaeaaiey yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo iieae ii oi?ioea:

R = k(A / (m0 = 2*0.3*1 075.2 / 3*0.15 = 1 433.6 i

aaea k = 2 (eiyo. Acaeiiiai ?aniieiaeaiey i?eaiieea e ia?aaeao/eea)

( = 0,3 (eiyo. io?aaeaiey y/i aiei eiianoyie AYO)

A = (D2/4 = 3,1415*37*37 / 4 = 1 075,2 i2

( = 3 i (aeeeia aieiu oaeaneaiaea)

m0 = 0.15

8.3 Ii?aaeaeaiea aeaeueiinoe ioeaoa eoneia eiianoae i?e aaa?eeiie
neooaoeee. ?aaeeon ioeaoa, anee nei?inoue 4 – 25 i/n, ii?aaeaeyaony ii
oi?ioea:

rioe = H + D = 35 + 37 = 72 i

i?e aaa?eeiii ?aaeeia (nei?inoue aao?a > 25 i/n):

rioe = H + 9D = 35 + 9*37 = 368 i

8.4 Ii?aaeaeaiea aeonoe/aneie ciiu i?e ?aaioa AYO.

L = Lp + 10 lg O – 10 lg ( – 20 lg r – r(/1000 + (l – (2 ,

aaea L – ieoaaiue o?iaaiue caoeiaiai aeaaeaiey a ?an/aoiie oi/ea,

Lp = 105 aea – ieoaaiue o?iaaiue caoeiaiai aeaaeaiey enoi/ieea
ooia,

O = 1 (oaeoi? iai?aaeaiiinoe)

( – oaeaniue oaie, a eioi?ii iaoiaeeony enoi/iee ooia, ( = 4(,

r = 1 200 i, ?annoiyiea io enoi/ieea ooia aei ?an/aoiie oi/ee,

( = 5,2 aea/ei (eiyo. o/eouaathuee iiaeiuaiea ooia aicaeooii)

(l – aeiiieieoaeueiia iiauoaiea o?iaiy caoea ca n/ao io?aaeaiey io

iiaa?oiinoe caiee, i?eieiaai (l = 0, a a oi?ioea caiaiyai

20 lg r = 15 lg r,

(2 – iii?aaea, o/eouaathuay aeiiieieoaeueiia iiaeiuaiea o?iaiy
caoeiaiai aeaaeaiey, (2 = 3 aea.

L = 105 + 10 lg 1 – 10 lg 4( – 15 lg 1200 – 5.2*1200/1000 – 3 = 38,5 aea

i?eieiaai r = 1200 i, o.e. a yoie ciia o?iaaiue caoea ia i?aauoaao 40
aea.

Auaiae:

Naieoa?ii – caueoioth ciio i?eieiaai ii iaeaieueoaio ?aaeeono
aeonoe/aneie ciiu ?aaiie 1200 i.

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