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Экология и здоровье детей г. Уссурийска

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Ieai.

Aaaaeaiea……………………………………………………………..…….2

Yeieiaey e caei?iauea aeaoae a. Onno?eenea.

yeieiae/aneay ianoaiiaea ai?iaea;…………………………..……4

yeieiaey eaa?oe?u e caei?iauea aeaoae;……………………….……5

aeeyiea aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo ia caei?iauea e ?acaeoea aeaoae;….7

caaieaaaiey aeaoae ai?iaea;…………………………………………9

i?ioeeaeoeea caaieaaaiee;………………………………………11

Caeeth/aiea………………………………………………………………..11

Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u………………………………………13

Y

eieiaey – iaoea, eco/athuay ioiioaiey aeeauo i?aaieciia n ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeie. Ie?oaeathuay n?aaea eee n?aaea iaeoaiey – yoi iaaeeaay e aeeaay
I?e?iaea, ie?oaeathuay i?aaieci e aeeythuay ia aai
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue. Naii iacaaiea yeieiaee i?iecioei io a?a/aneeo
neia: «yein» – aeai, aeeeeua, ianoi iaeoaiey, e ciaeiiiai iai «eiain» –
neiai, o/aiea. Anee aiai?eoue ei?ioei, yeieiaey yoi iaoea i aeeauo
i?aaieciao e eo ianoiiaeoaiee – aeeeeua.

Yeieiaey – yoi eiiieaeniay iaoea. Iia eniieuecoao ec aeieiaee,
aaia?aoee, oeceee e oeiee, iaoaiaoeee e iiiaeo ae?oaeo iaoe. A OO aaea
no?aieoaeueii aic?inei aeeyiea aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea ia aeeaoth e
iaaeeaoth I?e?iaeo. Oaeia aeeyiea yaeyaony aio?iiiaaiiui aicaeaenoaeai,
oi anoue aicaeaenoaeai «ii?iaeae?iiui /aeiaaeii». Ii-a?a/anee
aio?iiiaaiiue – «aio?iiin» – /aeiaae, «aaian» – ?iaeae?iiue,
?iaeaeathuee». *aeiaae – iaiouaieaiay /anoue I?e?iaeu. Ii e niaeaeaieth,
/aua aio?iiiaaiiia aeeyiea ia i?eiineo I?e?iaea iieuecu.

Iioiio o yeieiaee caaio a noieaoee oiaea i?eaaaeeinue. E o/?iua-yeieiae
eco/atho oaeaea aeeyiea aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae ia I?e?iaeo.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy oicyenoaaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea /aua
noaiineony iniiaiui enoi/ieeii caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.
?acee/iua oeie/aneea aauanoaa iaoiaeyony a iooiaeao i?iecaiaenoaa.
Iooiaeu i?iecaiaenoaa iiiaaeay a ii/ao, aicaeoo e aiaeo, ia?aoiaeyo ii
yeieiae/aneei caaiueyi ec iaeiie oeaie a ae?oaoth, a eiioea eiioeia
iiiaaeay a i?aaieci /aeiaaea. ?aaeoeey i?aaiecia ia caa?yciaiea caaeneo
io eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae /aeiaaea: aic?anoa, iiea, ninoiyiey
caei?iauey. Eae i?aaeei aieaa oycaeiu aeaoe, iiaeeeua e i?enoa?aeua,
aieueiua ethaee. Iaaeeee onoaiiaeee i?yioth naycue iaaeaeo ?inoii /enea
ethaeae, aieathueo aeea?aeae, a?iioeaeueiie anoiie, ?ieii e oooaeoaieai
yeieiae/aneie ianoaiiaee a aeaiiii ?aeiia Onoaiiaeee, /oi iooiaeu
i?iecaiaenoaa, iiiaea iaaeeeaiaiou yaeythony aiioea?aaaiaie, oi anoue
aucuaatho ?aeiaua caaieaaaiey. Au? a i?ioeii aaea ?ae o aeaoae aue ii/oe
iaecaanoai, a nae/an ii ano?a/aaony n?aaee ieo an? /aua e /aua. A
?acoeueoaoa caa?yciaiey iiyaeythony iiaua, iaecaanoiua ?aiaa aieacie.

I?e/eio eo auaaao i/aiue o?oaeii onoaiiaeoue. Aieaciaoai?iua
iee?ii?aaieciu iiaoo i?iieeiooue a a?oioiaua aiaeu e noaoue i?e/eiie
eioaeoeeiiiuo aieaciae /aeiaaea. Iiyoiio aiaeo ec a?oaceaineeo neaaaeei,
eieiaeoeaa, ?iaeieeia iaiaoiaeeii ia?aae oiio?aaeaieai eeiyoeoue.

Caiey – aaeeinoaaiiay eca?aiieoea nieia/iie nenoaiu, ia eioi?ie
nouanoaoao aeeciue. Ii /aeiaae caa?yciyao aoiinoa?o, oie/oiaeaao eana,
io?aaeyao aiaeo ?ae, eiuoinoaaiii eniieuecoao I?e?iaeo. *aeiaae – yoi
/anoue aeinoa?u, e oooaeoaiea a? ninoiyiey iianii aeey iaai.

Aeeyiea aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea ia eana ai an?i ie?a ia?iiii. Eana –
aaaeiay /anoue yeiiiieee iiiaeo no?ai-i?iecaiaeeoaeae ae?aaaneiu,
aoiaae, no?ieoaeueiuo iaoa?eaeia e iaaaee. Aiaoaoaeuenoai /aeiaaea a
yeinenoaiu eania a?iceo ei aeaaeueth. Iniaaiii na?ue?ciua i?iaeaiu
aicieeatho, eiaaea ia ianoa au?oaeaiiuo eania ianaaeeaatho ieaioaoeee
ae?oaeo aea?aaueaa – auno?i?anooueo: iie ia?ooatho n?aaeo iaeoaiey,
auaeeaatho a? iaeoaoaeae e ?acei eciaiytho eaiaeoaoo.

Io a?iiaaeiuo eenoaaiiuo eania ae?aaiinoe aei iaoeo aeiae nio?aieeinue
i/aiue ia iiiai. Iauyniytho yoi ?ani?ino?aiaieai caieaaeaeey e auno?ui
?inoii ai?iae?a. I?eia? ?ac?ooeoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea –
eeneioiua aeiaeaee oa?iaeatho iineaaeiei inoaoeai eania. Iu aeieaeiu
iiiieoue ia yoie iianiinoe e i?eieiaoue ana ia?u ii io?aia eania.

A iaoe aeie caieaaeaeueoee no?aiyony e iaeaieueoae i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
e iau/ii ia o/eouaatho i?e?iaeiuo e?oaiai?ioia acioa e ieia?aeueiuo
aauanoa. A ii/ao iinooiaao i/aiue iaei iaoo?aeueiuo i?aaie/aneeo
iooiaeia, a cia/eo niaea?aeaiea a iae ieia?aeueiuo aauanoa e aoiona
nie?auaaony e ieiaei?iaeea ii/au nieaeaaony. *oiau o?iaeae,
caieaaeaeueoee aiinyo a ii/ao ?acee/iua oeie/aneea oaeia?aiey, eioi?ua
/anoi i?eiinyo aieueoie a?aae ie?oaeathuae n?aaea e caei?iaueth
/aeiaaea, iniaaiii eiaaea iiiaaeatho a ?aee, ic??a e, aeaaiia, a
ieoueaoth aiaeo. *oiau oie/oiaeeoue a?aaeeoaeae e iiauneoue
o?iaeaeiinoue, caieaaeaeueoee oe?iei i?eiaiytho ?acee/iua ianoeoeeaeu,
aa?aeoeeaeu e o.ae. Ana yoe oeieeaou aeeeoaeueii e i/aiue a?aaeii
aicaeaenoaotho ia ieuaaoth naoue aeaiiie yeinenoaiu. E?iia oiai,
oeieeaou /anoi inoathony a ?anoaieyo, ia eioi?ua eo ?aniueyee e iiaoo
na?ue?cii iia?aaeeouecaei?iaueth ethaeae, eiaaea iineaaeiea aoaeoo
oiio?aaeyoue eo a ieuo.

Aeieiae/aneea, oeie/aneea e ae?oaea aeaeu caa?yciaiee aeinoa?u
ieacuaatho a?aaeiia aeeyiea ia i?aaieci /aeiaaea. Iaeiei ec naiuo /anouo
iineaaenoaee caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu a iaoe aeie – eeneioiua
aeiaeaee. Iie aicieeatho, eiaaea iooiaeu i?e nai?aiee eneiiaaiuo aeaeia
oiieeaa iiiaaeatho a e?oaiai?io aiaeu a i?e?iaea. Neaaenoaea oaeeo
eeneioiuo aeiaeaeae – aeaaeue eania, i??oaua ic??a, iia?aaeaeaiea
caeaiee e oa?ica caei?iaueth /aeiaaea. Ianeieueei eao oiio iacaae
eeneioiue aeiaeaeue iiaoaee ana oiiiey – e?ano e ai?aeinoue iaoaai
ai?iaea. A iaoe aeie oaea nicaeaiu oaoiieiaee, iicaieythuea
i?aaeioa?aoeoue eeneioiua aeiaeaee. Yoi iniaua oeeueo?u ia
yeaeo?inoaioeeyo e eaoaeeoe/aneea eiiaa?oi?u aeey i/enoee a?aaeiuo
aua?inia a aoiinoa?o ec auoeiiiuo e aeuiiauo o?oa. A iaeieo no?aiao
oaeea ia?u oaea i?eiaiythony, a ae?oaeo, e niaeaeaieth, au? ia iniciaee,
/oi yoe ia?u aeeciaiii iaiaoiaeeiu.

*aeiaae anaaaea eniieueciaae ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo a iniiaiii eae
enoi/iee ?ano?nia, iaeiaei a oa/aiea i/aiue aeeeoaeueiiai a?aiaie aai
aeayoaeueiinoue ia ieacuaaea caiaoiiai aeeyiey ia aeinoa?o. Eeoue a
eiioea i?ioeiai noieaoey eciaiaiey aeinoa?u iiae aeeyieai oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe ia?aoeee ia naay aieiaiea o/aiuo. A ia?aie iieiaeia
iuiaoiaai aaea yoe eciaiaiey ia?anoaee e a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ia?ooeeenue
eaaeiie ia /aeiaa/aneoth oeeaeeecaoeeth. No?aiynue e oeo/oaieth oneiaee
naiae aeecie, /aeiaae iinoiyiii ia?aueaaao oaiiu iaoa?eaeueiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa, ia caaeoiuaaynue i iineaaenoaeyo. I?e oaeii iiaeoiaea
aieueoay /anoue acyouo io i?e?iaeu ?ano?nia aica?auaaony e iae a aeaea
iooiaeia, /anoi yaeiaeouo eee ia i?eaiaeiuo aeey ooeeecaoeee. Yoi
nicaea?o oa?ico e nouanoaiaaieth aeinoa?u e naiiai /aeiaaea.

I?aaeoi?aaeaeay i aiciiaeiuo iineaaenoaeyo ?anoe?ythuaainy aoi?aeaiey
/aeiaaea a i?e?iaeo, au? iieaaea iacaae aeaaeaiee Aa?iaaeneee A. E.
ienae: “*aeiaae noaiiaeony aaieiae/aneie neeie, niiniaiie eciaieoue eee
Caiee.” Yoi i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea i?aeoe/anee ii?aaaeaeinue. Iineaaenoaey
aio?iiiaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?iyaeythony a enoiuaiee i?e?iaeiuo
?ano?nia, caa?yciaiee aeinoa?iuie iooiaeaie i?iecaiaenoaa, ?ac?ooaiee
yeinenoai, eciaiaiee no?oeoo?u iiaa?oiinoe Caiee, eciaiaiee eeeiaoa.

Iiyoiio i/aiue aaaeii ciaoue yeieiae/aneea oneiaey e noa?aoueny
oeo/oeoue n?aaeo naiaai iaeoaiey.

A

iaoai ai?iaea iiaeii ano?aoeoue ianno iiiaiyoaaeiuo aeiiia, iino?iaiiuo
eae a?aaeaeaineeie, oae e aiaiiuie i?aaiecaoeeyie. I?e no?ieoaeuenoaa
auee oie/oiaeaiu neaa?u, au?oaeaiu aea?aauey. Ia eo ianoa iaoiaeyony
aaoiiiaeeueiua noiyiee, aa?aaee, oaaee/eeinue eiee/anoai eioaeueiuo. An?
yoi oooaeoeei yeieiae/aneia ninoiyiea aicaeooa. I?e ?aaioa eioaeueiuo a
aicaeoo aua?anuaaaony aei 12 a?aaeiuo aauanoa, a eiaiii: ciea, oaieueiay
iueue, naaea, aa?aceiiaay iueue, ay?icieue naeioea, ieneaeu acioa e
na?u, na?iay eeneioa, oaeaaiaei?iae, oaa?iue aac, na?ienoue aiaeae?eae.

Oaeaea a ai?iaea aeaonoi?iiiaa aeaeaeaiea eae eaaeiaiai, oae e
a?ociaiai aaoio?ainii?oa. A aea?eee aeaiue a ai?iaea iiaeii iaaethaeaoue
nieioiie neie neciai aeuia, ec-ca i?iaie ia aei?iaao aua?in a?aaeiuo
aauanoa oaaee/eaaaony. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iino?iaiu ?acaiaeiua eieueoea,
/oi oiaiueoeei caaaciaaiiinoue aicaeooa. Oooaeoaao yeieiae/aneia
ninoiyiea iaoaai ai?iaea iaa?aaeiia ioiioaiea naieo aeeoaeae.

Ia oeeoeao ai?iaea naaiaeiy iiaeii oaeaeaoue aeiaieueii iai?eyoioth
ea?oeio: e?oaii naaeee ioni?a, i?e/?i ?aciiia?aciue ioni? aaeyaony
aeaaea ia o?iooa?ao. Iaei oiai, /oi naaeee ioni?a ii?oyo aeae oeeoe, iie
au? yaeythony enoi/ieeii iai?eyoiiai caiaoa, a aeaaiia – iie enoi/iee
?acee/iuo eioaeoeeiiiuo caaieaaaiee.

AEeoaee a iniiaiii eniieuecotho aiaeii?iaiaeioth aiaeo, eieiaeoee
nio?aieeenue a ioaeaeueiuo ianoao. Aiaeii?iaiaeiua o?oau noa?ua e ?acei
oaaee/eaatho niaea?aeaiea aeaeaca a aiaea. Ai a?aiy i?ieeaiuo aeiaeaeae
eee iaaiaeiaiee a aiaeio?aieeeua iiiaaeatho noiee, a oae aea iie
iiiaaeatho a Nieaeaoneia ica?i e ?aeo ?acaeieueioth. Ec yoiai neaaeoao,
anee aiaeo ia eeiyoeoue, oi iiaeii eaaei ca?aceoueny ?acee/iuie
eioaeoeeiiiuie caaieaaaieyie.

Aieueoie a?aae ninoiyieth aoiinoa?u iaiineo an? oaaee/eaathuaany /enei
aaoiiiaeeae. Aaoiiiaeeueiua aeaeaaoaee aaeaaeiaaii aua?anuaatho a
aoiinoa?o i?eia?ii 40 iei. oiii a?aaeiuo aauanoa. Iniiaiua ec ieo –
ieenue oaea?iaea, oaeaaiaei?iaeu, e?iia iaoaeea, i?enoonoaothuaai a
aoiinoa?a a anoanoaaiiuo oneiaeyo, ieneaeu acioa, naaea, ieenue naeioea
i?e i?eiaiaiee yoeee?iaaiiiai aaiceia (a iaoae no?aia yoeee?oaony ieiei
80% aaiceia), aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua iieeoeeeee/aneea oaeaaiaei?iaeu.
I/aiue /anoi eiioeaio?aoeey a?aaeiuo aauanoa, iiiaaeathueo a aoiinoa?o n
auoeiiiuie aacaie iaoei, auoa i?aaeaeueiuo ii?i.Iioiio oae aaaeai
iauaeoeaiue eiio?ieue ca niaea?aeaieai oiene/iuo aauanoa a io?aaioaiiuo
aacao aaoiiiaeeueiuo aeaeaaoaeae.

Aeaoa auionea aeaeaaoaey Niaea?aeaiea NI (%) i?e ?aaioa a ?aaeeia
oieinoiai oiaea

n iei. /anoioie n /anoioie, ?aa. 0,6 io ii?iu

aei 01.07.1978 a. 3,5 2,0

n 01.07.1978 aei 01.01.1980 a. 2,0 1,5

iinea 01.01.1980 a. 1,5 1,0

?aaeei ?aaiou aeecaey Aeuiiinoue (%)

Aeey aaoiiiaeeae auiouaiiuo aei 1976 a. Aeey aaoiiiaeeae auiouaiiuo
iinea

?acaii aeaeaao. aac iaa?ocee 60 40

I?e iieiie /anoioa a?au. 15 15

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oiene/iinoe io?aaioaiiuo aacia ea?ath?aoi?iuo
aeaeaaoaeae eniieuecotho i?eai?u IA-2109, E-456, E-488, “Yeeii-100”.
Niaeanii AINOa 17.2.23 eiio?ieue i?iecaiaeyo i?e ?aaioa aeaeaaoaey a
?aaeeia oieinoiai oiaea n ieieiaeueiie /anoioie a?auaiey eieai/aoiai
aaea e n /anoioie, ?aaiie 0,6 io iiieiaeueiie. Yoi iicaieyao ioeaieaaoue
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea eae nenoaiu oieinoiai oiaea ea?ath?aoi?a, oae e aai
aeaaiiai aeice?othuaai ono?ienoaa. Ia yeieiae/iinoue aeaeaaoaey oaeaea
aeeyao oaoie/aneia ninoiyiea i?eai?ia nenoaiu iiaea/e aicaeooa. Eae
aeaeii, ?aaoey?iua oaoiniio?u n ecia?aieai oiene/iinoe e aeuiiinoe
io?aaioaiiuo aacia i?inoi iaiaoiaeeiu.

Y

eieiaey – a aoeaaeueiii ia?aaiaea – iaoea i aeiia. Ia?aoiaey n?aco e
eaoaai?eyi aunieiai ii?yaeea, oaeei eae yeinenoaia, aeinoa?a, iu /anoi
caauaaai, /oi aeey ian aaaeiaeoae /anoueth n?aaeu iaeoaiey yaeyaony iaoa
nianoaaiiia aeeeeua, a eioi?ii iu i?iaiaeei aieaa iieiaeiu naiae aeecie.
Eaaeaeay naiuey a i?aaeaeao naiaai aeiia a i?ioeanna iau/iie aeecie
inouanoaeyao iaiai n ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie – yia?aeae, aicaeooii,
i?iecaiaeeo iooiaeu e o. ae., e oioy a iaiueoae ia?a, ii oiaea
caa?yciyao yeinenoaio naiaai aeeeeua.

*?acau/aeii aunieia caa?yciaiea yaeyaony ?aaeueiinoueth aeey
aieueoainoaa ai?iaeia, ia eneeth/aieai yaeyaony e ai?iae Onno?eene. A
iineaaeiaa a?aiy o niaoeeaeenoia aucuaaao o?aaiao oooaeoaiea ea/anoaa
aicaeooa a iiiauaieyo e i?aaeaea anaai a iaoeo eaa?oe?ao. Ea/anoai
aicaeooa a iaoeo aeiiao a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a iaoneiaeaiii aai ninoiyieai
a ?aeiia a oeaeii, e iniiaiua caa?ycieoaee aicaeooa, oaeea eae auoeiiiua
aacu, ieeneu acioa i?iieeatho aioo?ue iaoeo eaa?oe?, iaeiaei iiiaia
caaeneo io ian.

Ii iiaieth niaoeeaeenoia ii io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, aicaeoo aioo?e
iaoeo aeeeeu iiaeao auoue a aeanyoee ?ac aieaa oiene/iui, /ai nia?oaee.

Ec-ca caa?yci?iiiai aicaeooa eiee/anoai caaieaaaiee a?iioi-e?ai/iie
nenoaiu oaaee/eaaaony. Na?ue?cioth iianiinoue a aeeeeuao i?aaenoaaeyao
iaueiiaaiiay auoiaay iueue. Iia i?iieeaao a iaoe aeiia /a?ac aeaa?e e
ieia, ia?acoaony a iiiauaieyo a ?acoeueoaoa iaoae aeayoaeueiinoe. Iueue
yaeyaony iniiaiui enoi/ieeii iiiaaeaiey a iaoe i?aaieciu naiiai
neeueiiai ec ecaanoiuo yaeia – aeeieneia. E?iia oiai a a? ninoaaa
iaia?oaeaiu ia?aceoe/aneea aaniicaiii/iua, aieaciaoai?iua a?eaee e
aaeoa?ee, ii?aaeathuea aeuoaoaeueiua iooe e aucuaathuea ?acee/iua oi?iu
aeea?aee.

Ii aeaiiui naieoa?iuo neoaea a iaeioi?uo eaa?oe?ao iaoaai ai?iaea a
iaeiii a?aiia iuee iaia?oaeaii aieaa ouny/e iee?ineiie/aneeo eeauae. A
iineaaeiaa a?aiy iiyaeeenue iiaeaee iueaninia, niiniaiua aacoei?eciaiii
oaeaeyoue a?ycue ec iaoeo eaa?oe?.

Eaaeaeue ec ian ioaeaeaaony a /enoie aiaea. Iia iniiaa caei?iaie
aeecie. Ec aiaeu, iinooiathuae e iai a aeii /a?ac aiaeii?iaiae, a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy auaeaeaii nauoa aeaoo ouny/ ?acee/iuo caa?yciaiee. A
nieneao cia/aony ianoeoeeaeu, aa?aeoeeaeu, naeiaoe, iithuea n?aaenoaa,
i?iiuoeaiiua ?anoai?eoaee e ae?oaea a?aaeiua aauanoaa. Aaeoa?ee, ae?onu,
ia?aceou aucuaatho aieacie oeia oiea?u, eioaeoeeiiiiai aaiaoeoa e
eyiaeeica. Aeaaea aiaea, i?ioaaeoay ia?aaioeo a ai?iaeneeo noaioeeyo
i/enoee, niaea?aeeo caa?yciaiey. Aeey iiieaeaiey o?iaiy niaea?aeaiey
iee?ii?aaieciia oai eniieuecotho oei? e ae?oaea oeie/aneea n?aaenoaa.
Iiauneoue ea/anoai aiaeu iiaeii onoaiaaeeaay a iaoeo aeiiao
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua nenoaiu i/enoee aiaeu. Ii/oe a eaaeaeie iyoie eaa?oe?a
aeeoaee eniieuecotho oaeea nenoaiu. Ii iaoei enneaaeiaaieyi iiiaea
aeeoaee iaoaai ai?iaea aeaeothony ia nu?inoue e a?eaie. Ethaee iuoathony
?aciuie niiniaaie ai?ioueny n ieie, ii yoeo i?iaeai ia noaiiaeony
iaiueoa, o. e. ai?iae aue iino?iai ia aieioiie ianoiinoe. Ec-ca a?eaea e
nu?inoe a aicaeoo auaeaeyaony iiiai oieneiia, eioi?ua io?eoeaoaeueii
aicaeaenoaotho ia iaoa caei?iauea.

Aeaaea naiua nia?aiaiiua eiiaeeoeeiia?u ia iiaoo nicaeaaaoue a
iiiauaieyo aicaeooioth n?aaeo, aeaaii?eyoioth aeey caei?iauey /aeiaaea.
Ii iieiaeaiea iiaeii eciaieoue, i?ecaaa ia iiiiuue aaoio?iou. Aaoio?iou
– yoi eiiiaoiua ?anoaiey, eioi?ua ea?atho ynoaoe/aneoth e aeaeaie/aneoth
?ieue: oeo/oatho iaoa iano?iaiea, oaeaaeiytho aoiinoa?o e auaeaeytho a
ia? iieaciua aauanoaa – oeoiioeeaeu, oaeaathuea iee?ii?aaieciu.
Iaeioi?ua eiiiaoiua ?anoaiey eniieuecotho eae eaea?noaa (aeiy,
eaeaioiy). *ai aieueoa a eiiiaoa ?anoaiee, oai /eua aoiinoa?a, oai
aieueoa a iae eenei?iaea e iaiueoa iee?iaia. Eiiiaoiue aicaeoo oi?ioi
i/euaao oei?ioeooi, a aa?aiue auaeaeyao aieueoia eiee/anoai
oeoiioeeaeia.

E

?iia eioae, niaae, aieienouo iiioaae/eeia, oiiyeia, ?uaie a iaoeo aeiiao
aeea?o ia iaiaa aeaoo aeanyoeia aeaeia aeeaioiuo, iinaeeaoeony iiieii
iaoae aiee.

E?unu oi?ioi ciaeiiu eaaeaeiio ec ian. Yoi iaeaiueeea, iai?eyoiua ia
aeae na?ua caa?ueee. Iie i/aiue ae?aaiea ieaeiieoathuea, iiyaeaoeany ia
Caiea ieiei 40 iei eao iacaae. Ii ?acee/iui ioeaieai ia Caiea naaiaeiy
i?iaeeaaao ianeieueei aeanyoeia ieeeea?aeia e?un. Iie iaiinyo iai
ia?iiiua oua?au, yaeythony enoi/ieeaie iianiaeoeo caaieaaaiee, n?aaee
eioi?uo oeo, /oia, i?ieaca. *aeiaae aeaaii, ii, e niaeaeaieth,
aaconiaoii ai?aony n coeie aeeaioiuie, iioiio /oi iie auno?i ?aniiciatho
iianiinoue e oiaei ecaaaatho a?.

A iaeioi?uo aeiiao aeeaoo eeiiu – ia?aceou /aeiaaea. Iie ia auiinyo
ai?y/ae aiaeu, ea?ineia e iaeioi?uo oeie/aneeo aauanoa (aeeoeioin,
ea?aioin e ae?.), iiyoiio ai?ioueny n ieie i?iua, ii i?e yoii
caa?yciyaony aoiinoa?a a aeiiao e yoi io?eoeaoaeueii aeeyao ia iao
i?aaieci.

Eiiaaea a eaa?oe?ao iiaoo aeeoue e iee?ineiie/aneea eeaue, aucuaathuea
/anioeo eee ?aciiia?aciua aeea?ae/aneea caaieaaaiey: a?iioeaeueioth
anoio, ?eieo, aea?iaoicu.

A iaouo aeiiao oaeaea iiaoo aeeoue aeioe e aoe, ii io yoeo ianaeiiuo
ianeiaeii ecaaaeoueny, anee niaethaeaoue aeaeaie/aneea i?aaeea:

a) iiaeaea?aeeaaoue /enoioo aieiau;

a) iieueciaaoueny iueii eee oaiioiai;

a) oothaeeoue aaeue?.

Aoe yaeythony ia?aiin/eeaie iianiuo caaieaaaiee.

A eaa?oe?ao iiiai aeeaioiuo, eioi?ua aeeaoo a ieo eeoue eaeia-oi a?aiy.
Aeaaiua ec ieo eaoii – yoi eiiiaoiua iooe, iianiua oai, /oi iiaoo
ia?aiineoue aieaciaoai?iuo iee?ii?aaieciia e yeoea aeenoia.

A iaoai ai?iaea iiiaei aeeoaeyi i?eoiaeeeinue ano?a/aoue o naay aeiia
iaeaiueeeo ae?eouo io?aaue?a. Eo iacuaatho oa?aiiiauie io?aaueyie. Yoe
e?ioe aeaeaei ia aaciaeaeiu. Iie niiniaiu ?ani?ino?aiaieth oeaeiai ?yaea
aieaciae /aeiaaea e aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo. E?iia oiai iie ii?oyo iaoo
ieuo. Ai?ioueny n ieie ia neiaeii: ia ieia iaoyaeaatho naoee, a iiiaaoeo
a eaa?oe?o ianaeiiuo oie/oiaeatho oeiiooeaie, eiayo ia eeaeeea eaiou.

Iiieii i?iaeaiu caa?yciaiey oeeoe, anoue au? iaeia i?iaeaia – a?iaey/ea
aeeaioiua (eioee e niaaee), eioi?uo ia iuiaoiee aeaiue ?acaaeinue
neeoeii iiiai. Iiiaea oicyaaa aua?anuaatho ia oeeoeo naieo ieoiioeaa,
iiyoiio eo /enei an? oaaee/eaaaony e oaaee/eaaaony. A?iaey/ea aeeaioiua
iaiinyo ethaeyi ia oieueei ii?aeueiue oua?a, ii e i?aaenoaaeytho oa?ico
aeey eo caei?iauey: iie yaeythony ia?aiin/eeaie ?acee/iuo caaieaaaiee
(aaoainoai, /oia ieioiyaeiuo, no?eao/ee eeoae). Ii aaaeue oa aea
aeeaioiua, oieueei aeiiaoiea, ethaeiua e ooiaeaiiua, iiiiaatho aeeoue
naiei oicyaaai naiae aeecinoueth. Aeiiaoiea aeeaioiua neeueii aeeytho ia
aeaoae. Iie iiiiaatho ?anoeoue eo caaioeeauie, aeia?uie e
naiinoiyoaeueiuie, iiiiaatho i?eaeaaoue ei ethaiaue e aeeaioiui e e
i?e?iaea.Yoe /aoaa?iiiaea ae?ocuey i?eiinyo a aeii aeia?ioo, aanaeuea,
?aaeinoue. A aeaaiia – iie iiaoo ea/eoue ia?aiua aieacie e nianatho io
aoa?ineea?ica.

A aea?aiii iyna, a ?uaa n o?onoyuae ei?i/eie, a e?aniie e /??iie ee?a,
aa??iii yeoea niaea?aeeony yae iianiue aeey caei?iauey. Yoio yae
iacuaaaony oieanoa?eiii. ssaeiaeoinoue oieanoa?eia i?iyaeyaony /a?ac
iiiai eao. *aeiaae iiaeao anth aeeciue oiio?aaeyoue oieueei aea?aiia e
aee?iia e ie/aai ia /oanoaiaaoue. A a i?aeeiiiii aic?anoa aio iinoaayo
aeeaaiic – aoa?ineea?ic. An? aeaei a oii, /oi oieanoa?ei eiaao a?aaeiia
naienoai ioeeaaeuaaoueny aioo?e e?iaaiiniuo ninoaeia a aeaea ooieuaiee –
aeyoae. Iie iiaoo ?inoe a aieiaa, na?aeoea, ii/eao. N aiaeaie aeyoee
oaaee/eaathony e ia?ae?uaatho aeinooi e?iae.

Iaaeaaii aia?eeaineea aeieiae ec oieaa?neoaoa ooaoa Oei?eaea eaaeaony
iaoee ioaao ia aii?in i aeeyiee aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo ia oieanoa?eiiaua
aeyoee. Iie eco/eee oieanoa?ei o aeeaioiuo. Iaia?oaeeee, /oi o niaae e
eioae oieanoa?ei anooiaao a niaaeeiaiea n ae?oaeie aauanoaaie
(aioeoieanoa?eiaie) e oa?yao niiniaiinoue ia?aciauaaoue aeyoee. Iiiooii
auynieeinue, /oi niaaeiaiaeu e ethaeoaee eioae ?aaea no?aaeatho io
aoa?ineea?ica. Cia/eo eo oieanoa?ei eae-oi ia?aaea?ony oicyaaai.
Aia?eeaineea o/?iua i?aaeiieiaeeee, /oi an? aeaei a iiaeaaeeaaiee.
Oa?noue aeeaioiuo iaeeueii niacuaaaony aee?iuie eeneioaie. Oaeei ia?acii
iao i?aaieci iieo/aao aauanoai, iaeo?aeecothuaa aeyoee. Ii aeey oiai,
/oiau yoio yooaeo aue iaeneiaeueiui, i?ioeann iiaeaaeeaaiey iaaei
i?aaenoaaeoue ia iao/ioth iniiao.

Eioea aeiiaoiyy ioiineony e io?yaeo oeuiuo ieaeiieoathueo, naiaenoao
eioa/ueeo. Anaai ecaanoii 37 aeaeia eioa/ueeo, ec ieo 11 – ia oa??eoi?ee
NIA. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy a ie?a ian/eouaaaony ieiei 500 iei eioae, naiae
iiioey?iinoueth iie ia/eiatho i?aainoiaeeoue niaae. A eeoa?aoo?a
ecaanoai neo/ae, eiaaea a?iaey/ea eioee, iiiaaeaaoea a aeii, aaea aue
ia?aeeciaaiiue aieueiie, aaeaaeiaaiui iauaieai n iei ecea/eaaee aai io
yoie aieacie. Eioee oaeaea iacaiaieiu a ai?ueaa n iuoaaeaeiuie a?ucoiaie
a aeeeeuao.

Ii ia?aui, i?e?o/aiiui aeeaioiui auea niaaea. Eaai Iao?iae/ Iaaeia
ienae: «Ii, an?-oaee, niaaea auaaea /aeiaaea a ethaee.» Yoe /aoaa?iiiaea
iiiiuieee iaania/eee /aeiaa/anoao iaae?aeioth ieuaaoth aaco ca n/?o
ioiou ia e?oiiuo eiiuoiuo aeeaioiuo. Neiaeiue iooue ?acaeoey niaaea
i?ioea iiae aeeyieai /aeiaaea. Iie ioee/athony io ae?oaeo aeeaioiuo
i?ae?aniui oiieei neooii, ?acaeoui /ooue?i, iaiiyieai,
iai?eoioeeainoueth a aaea, ceiaiinoueth e niaeinoueth a caueoa oicyeia,
auiineeainoueth e auno?ie i?eniinaaeeaaaiinoueth e oneiaeyi aeecie.

Cia/eo iaeie aeeaioiua iiaoo i?eiineoue iai a?aae, a ae?oaea oaeea aea,
oieueei aeiiaoiea e aeia?ua, iiaoo auea/eaaoue caaieaaaiey e
iieiaeeoaeueii aeeyoue ia ?acaeoea aeaoae.

I

u ia?aaeeaaai neiaeiua a?aiaia: aaaenoaaiiia iieiaeaiea
cae?aaiio?aiaiey, iaoaaoea eaea?noa, neiaeiinoe n i?iaeiaieuenoaeai. Ii
aeeciue aea?ony iai iaeei ?ac.

Niaoeeaeenou onoaiiaeee, /oi iaeaieueoaa aeeyiea ia ninoiyiea
caei?iauey ieacuaaao ia?ac aeecie. Io iaai caaeneo ii/oe iieiaeia anao
neo/aaa caaieaaaiee. Aoi?ia ianoi ii aeeyieth ia caei?iauea caieiaao
ninoiyiea n?aaeu aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea (ia iaiaa iaeiie o?aoe
caaieaaaiee ii?aaeaeyaony iaaeaaii?eyoiuie aicaeaenoaeyie ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu). Ianeaaenoaaiiinoue iaoneiaeeaaao oieueei ieiei 20% aieaciae, ii
enneaaeiaaiea oaeoi?ia caei?iauey ia/eiaaony n ianeaaenoaaiiinoe, eai
any aeaeueiaeoay aeeciue ii?aaeaeyaony oai, eaeea aaiu iieo/ee /aeiaae
io ?iaeeoaeae.

Oeaio?ii ainoaea?noaaiiiai naieoa?ii-yieaeaieieiae/aneiai iaaeci?a a.
Onno?eenea i?iaeaeaia ?aaioa ii eco/aieth e aiaeeco iaeioaeoeeiiiie
caaieaaaaiinoe aeaoae e iiae?inoeia a. Onno?eenea ca 1992-1996 aa.

I?e aiaeeca eioaeoeeiiiie caaieaaaaiinoe aeaoae (io ?iaeaeaiey aei 14-oe
eao) ii ia?auaaiinoe onoaiiaeaiii:

Eeann aieaciae i?aaiia aeuoaiey caieiaao aaaeouaa ianoi. Aieacie i?aaiia
ieuaaa?aiey a 1996 a ii n?aaiaieth n 1995 a oiaiueoeeenue a 4 ?aca,
ianiio?y ia oi, /oi n 1992 a ii 1995 a aue noaaeeueiue ?ino a n?aaiaiee
n i?aaeuaeoueie aiaeaie ia 33,2 %.

I?e aiaeeca o?iie/aneie iaeioaeoeeiiiie caaieaaaaiinoe aeaoae a
no?oeoo?a o?iie/aneie caaieaaaaiinoe ia?aia ianoi
caieiatho aieacie ii/aiieiaie nenoaiu, o?iie/aneea aieacie i?aaiia
ieuaaa?aiey ia aoi?ii ianoa. Oaaee/eaathony iieacaoaee o?iie/aneeo
aieaciae eeanna yiaeie?eiiie nenoaiu ?ano?ienoaa ieoaiey, ia?ooaiey
iaiaia aauanoa e eiioieoaoa n?aaee aeaoae. N 1992 a ?aaeno?e?oaony
noaaeeueiia nieaeaiea iieacaoaeae o?iie/aneeo aieaciae ia?aiie nenoaiu e
i?aaiia /oanoa.

I?e aiaeeca eioaeoeeiiiie caaieaaaaiinoe iiae?inoia 15 – 18 eao
auyaeaii, /oi iaeaieueoee i?ioeaio i?eoiaeeony ia aieacie i?aaiia
aeuoaiey, ?ino eioi?uo ia/aeny n 1994 aiaea. Iieacaoaee eeanna
ii/aiieiaie nenoaiu oaaee/eeenue a 1995 a ia 40,9 %, a 1996 a ia 9,4 % a
n?aaiaiee n i?aaeuaeoueie aiaeaie. Aieaciae ia?aiie nenoaiu e i?aaiia
/oanoa ca?aaeno?e?iaaii a 1994 a ia 94,8 % aieueoa, /ai a 1995 a.

I?e aiaeeca o?iie/aneie caaieaaaaiinoe iiae?inoeia auyaeaii: a no?oeoo?a
o?iie/aneie caaieaaaaiinoe iiae?inoeia ia ia?aii ianoa aieacie ia?aiie
nenoaiu e i?aaiia /oanoa. Ianiio?y ia aiieeooaeiia eieaaaiea iieacaoaeae
o?iie/aneeo aieaciae i?aaiia ieuaaa?aiey, iie aaeaaiaeii caieiatho
aaaeouea ianoa. A 1996 a eeann o?iie/aneeo aieaciae ii/aiieiaie nenoaiu
ia o?aoueai ianoa.

Naieoa?iay neoaeaa a. Onno?eenea n/eoaao, /oi iniiaiuie i?e/eiaie ?inoa
iieacaoaeae caaieaaaaiinoe aeaoae e iiae?inoeia yaeythony:

Ieceee nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee o?iaaiue aeecie ianaeaiey a.
Onno?eenea.

Ionoonoaea oeiaine?iaaiey ii auiieiaieth eiiieaeniie i?ia?aiiu «Aeaoe
Onno?eenea».

Iaaeinoaoi/iia e ianaaeaine?iaaiiia ieoaiea aeaoae e iiae?inoeia a
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo.

Ia?aoieioiaiea iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo e aeioeieueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee.

Aunieay caaaciaaiiinoue aoiinoa?iiai aicaeooa, oae eae:

i?iiuoeaiiua i?aaei?eyoey /a?aaeothony n aeeeuie iee?i?aeiiaie;

oaieiniaaaeaiea ai?iaea inouanoaeytho ieiei 400 eioaeueiuo;

ia aeieth ai?iaeneiai e o?aiceoiiai aaoio?ainii?oa i?eoiaeeony 60 %
caa?yciaiey aoiinoa?u iaae ai?iaeii.

Ionoonoaea aeaoneeo icaei?iaeoaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee.

Aeeyiea caa?ycieoaeae ia caei?iauea /aeiaaea.

Caa?ycieoaee aicaeooa Aiciiaeiia aeeyiea ia caei?iauea /aeiaaea

Ieeneu na?u a ni/aoaiee n ae?oaeie a-aaie Onoaoaeaiea nouanoaothueo
?anie?aoi?iuo caaieaaaiee, ooieoeeiiaeueiua ?anno?ienoaa e?ai/iie
aeayoaeueiinoe, ?acae?aaeaiea i?aaiia /oanoa.

Acaaoaiiua /anoeoeu a aicaeooa Onoaoaeaiea aeeyiey aaciia?aciuo
caa?ycieoaeae, oaeeo eae ieenue na?u, aiciiaeii oiene/iia aeeyiea
caaeneo io oeie/aneiai ninoaaa (niaea?aeaiea naeioea e anaanoa).

Ieeneeoaee, aeeth/ay icii ?acae?aaeaiea aeac, oooaeoaiea ninoiyiey
aieueiuo anoiie e a?iioeoii

Ieenue oaea?iaea Anooiay a ?aaeoeeth n aaiiaeiaeiii eeoaao oeaie
eenei?iaea, ?acaeaaaony eenei?iaeiay iaaeinoaoi/iinoue.

naeiaoe Iiiaaeay a i?aaieci n i?iaeoeoaie ieoaiey, aiaeie e aicaeooii,
naeiaoe iiaeao i?eaanoe e ?ieiaui iineaaenoaeyi aeey i?aaiecia, aucuaay
eioieneeaoeeth.

anaano Eae e ae?oaea caa?ycieoaee aicaeooa, anaano iiaeao aucaaoue
e?ai/iua caaieaaaiey.

N

aieoa?iua ia?u i?ioeeaeoeee ninoiyo a iinoiyiiii eco/aiee iooae
i?ana/aiey eioaeoeee e i?aaeioa?auaiey yieaeaiee. Iie inouanoaeythony
naieoa?ii-yieaeaieieiae/aneeie noaioeeyie, eioi?ua aeaenoaotho a
eaaeaeii ?aeiia ?innee. Yoe noaioeee inouanoaeytho naieoa?iue iaaeci? ca
ea/anoaii i?iaeoeoia a noieiauo, iaaaceiao, neaaeyo ca naieoa?iui
ninoiyieai oeeoe, aeiiia, oeie, aeaoneeo naaeia, i?iiuoeaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee. Niaoeeaeueiua iaoiaeu ai?ueau n eioaeoeeiiiuie
caaieaaaieyie iai?aaeaiu ia i?ana/aiea ?ani?ino?aiaiey eiie?aoiuo
aieaciae. Nthaea iiaeii ioianoe i?aaeoi?aaeeoaeueiua i?eaeaee i?ioea
?acee/iuo caaieaaaiee, auyaeaiea e oie/oiaeaiea ia?aiin/eeia eioaeoeee –
ioo, a?ucoiia, iiaeai? eiie?aoiuo n?aaenoa aeey aeaceioaeoeee caeaiee,
aaea auee ca?aaeno?e?iaaiu neo/ae oyae?euo caaieaaaiee. Enoi/ieeaie
caaieaaaiee iiaoo auoue aeeaioiua, anee iie ia eiatho i?aeoe/aneie
oeaiiinoe, eo i?inoi oie/oiaeatho, naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo e aeiiaoieo
aeeaioiuo ea/ao aaoa?eia?iua a?a/e. Ii aei a?a/aaiie iiiiue aeiiaoiee
ethaeiaoe iiaeao ca?aceoue ?aa?iea oaeeie caaieaaaieyie, eae /oia
ieioiyaeiuo, aaoainoai, no?eao/ee eeoae.

N oeaeueth i?ioeeaeoeee e auyaeaiey ooaa?eoe?ca a?a/e ai?iaea i?iaiaeyo
ooaa?eoeeiiaeeaaiinoeeo. ?acoeueoaou ianeaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi 1/3
/anoue aeaoae ooaeioaoee?iaaia. Yoi naycaii n ia?ooaieai naieoa?iiai
?aaeeia.

Ia?iiiue oua?a ie?oaeathuae n?aaea e caei?iaueth /aeiaaea iaiineo
aieueoia eiee/anoai ei/aaa?ie a ai?iaea. N ia/aeii ioiieoaeueiiai naciia
niaea?aeaiea oaa?iiai aaca aeinoeaaao 60 % a iiiauaieyo I-iai yoaaea.
Yoi a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue aeeyao ia ninoaeu aieiaiiai iicaa, /oi i?eaiaeeo
e cia/eoaeueiui ia?ooaieyi a aai ?aaioa e aeaaea e ineaaeaieth
ineoe/aneeo ooieoeee. O ?aa?iea no?aaeaao iaiyoue, cia/eoaeueii
nieaeaaony ?aaioiniiniaiinoue.

Ea/anoai aiaeu, oiio?aaeyaiie iaie, inoaaeyao aeaeaoue eo/oaai. A aiaea
ia aeieaeii iaoiaeeoueny a?aaeiuo niaaeeiaiee, aieaciaoai?iuo iee?iaia,
iaoaie/aneeo i?eianae. A iaoai ai?iaea aeey i/enoee ieoueaaie aiaeu
i?eiaiytho oei?e?iaaiea. Anee a aiaea ionoonoaoao oei?, oi aiaea ia
i?eaiaeia e oiio?aaeaieth.

Ec anaai auoaneacaiiiai neaaeoao, /oi /aeiaae aeieaeai nai
iicaaioeoueny ia ie?oaeathuae aai n?aaea, e oiaaea aai oneeey
aica?aoyony e iaio /enoui aicaeooii, aiaeie, ii/aie – a iauai anai naiui
iaiaoiaeeiui a iaoae aeecie.

I

?e?iaea Caiee. Ouny/aeaoeyie iu ai?ieenue n iath, iiei?yee a?,
i?aia?aciauaaee, iauaaeii oie/oiaeaee a?. A ii?uaa ai?ueau n i?e?iaeie e
eiaeiiuneyueie iu i?iaeyaeaee aeaa aaeeeea enoeiu. Ia?aay oa, /oi
/aeiaa/anoai nouanoaoao e ?acaeaaaony ca n/?o i?e?iaeu. Aoi?ay n oii,
/oi aiana ia i?ioeaiai?noai, a acaeiiiiiiuue – iniiaa anaai nouaai ia
Caiea. Iu nicaeaaaee naaa aiaia e eaeieia, ooiaeeee io ycu/aneiai
iiieiaiey nee Caiee. Ieeeeiiu o?aicenoi?ia ia caiaiyo eonea oeaaa
aieiaeiiio, ieeeea?aeu oaeaaeci?ia ia nian?o io aeaaeaeu, o?eeeeii
aaoiiiaeeae ia aeaaeoo aeioea aicaeooa caaeuoathuaiony. Oia?aoue iiae
ai?ie oaoie/aneeo iia?yeooae – oaeae eeoue aeaaeiuo aeoioeia. Anee oeiey
iiaeao an?, oi i?aaeaea anaai – oaeaaoue. Yoi oa?ica anaio aeeaiio ia
Caiea e i?aaeaea anaai – *aeiaaeo. Ana oeie/aneea caa?yciaiey
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu aaaeoo ei iiiaei aieaciyi /aeiaa/anoaa e ?ac?ooaieth
i?e?iaeu. Aeinoa?a na?ue?cii aieueia. A? ii?aceei aiaoaoaeuenoai
/aeiaaea.

Aacoiiay oaoieea nieiaao i?e?iaeo, e?iinaao aeinoa?o, aeaaeo
/aeiaa/anoai, o?aaeo Caieth. Niia, oaeooathuee ethaeae, iciiiaua aeu?u
iaae iiethnaie e /oia OO aaea – NIEAe – aeinoaoi/iia oiio
aeieacaoaeuenoai.

Oeceea Caiee aeieaeia auoue iaeciaiia. Aoii aieiu – yoi aa/iay ceia
nia?oe, eniaiaeythuee ieaiaoo o?aaai. Ie?iue aoii ionoue inoaiaony a
noaiao yaea?iuo ?aaeoi?ia.

Ie?o ioaeia oeoeia. Ooi – yoi oece/aneee ia?eioee, eaea/auee oaei e
aeooo. ?aaeeiaieiu ianoo iaeio eioi?iaoeeth e ?ac?ooatho ae?oaoth –
aaiaoe/aneoth. Iie niiniaiu oie/oiaeeoue aaie aeaiiuo aeecie. Ei ianoi
eeoue a cae?uouo eaiaeao nayce.

Ie?iaay naaeea e noi/iay eaiaaa – ieaai oaea caaeuoaaony io a?yce,
oa?yao niiniaiinoue e naiii/euaieth.

Ii/aa – eiaea Caiee. Y?icey a? ?ac?ooaao, oeiey o?aaeo, naaeee aeooao.
Aac caei?iaie ii/au ia aoaeao i?ioeaaoaiey.

Aeioaoiieiaey – aaeeeia aeinoeaeaiea, ii e iia ian?o n niaie ianno
oa?ic. Caeii yeieiaee aeaneo: oie/oiaeay a?aaeiia, iu aucuaaai e aeecie
ae?oaia, auoue iiaeao, ia iaiaa a?aaeiiiniia. Ii?iaeaeay iiaia iu
auoaniyai noa?ia, aiciiaeii, aieaa ioaeiia anai iai. Yoi noa?ia iiaeao
auoue e aaiaoe/aneei ianeaaeeai i?aaeeia, o.a. /oi oieueei e aea?o iai
niiniaiinoue aeeoue.

Eeoue anoanoaaiiay, /enoay ieua – caeia e?aieiai caei?iauey.

Aacia?iua aiciiaeiinoe ieaiaou – eeethcey e ieo. Ioaeii o?acai aeoiaoue
i oii, /oi iu aeea?i ia iaeii einie/aneii oaea, ethaay /anoue eioi?iai
ia iiaeao auoue aaneiia/iie. Oaeiaa ?aaeueiinoue. Aea, i?e?iaea
ioaeaeaaony a iaoae caueoa, ii e iai iaiaoiaeeii a? iie?iaeoaeuenoai:
/enoue aicaeoo – aeuoaoue, e?enoaeueii /enoay aiaea – ieoue, any
i?e?iaea – aeeoue.

Iia – I?e?iaea – auea e anaaaea aoaeao neeueiaa /aeiaaea, eai iia aai
ii?iaeeea. *aeiaae eeoue a? /anoeoea, a I?e?iaea aa/ia e aaneiia/ia. Iia
– an?.

E iioiio – ia iaa?aaee!

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u:

O?anoiiaoey «Yeieiaey ?innee» Eociaoeia A. I. I.: AI IAeN 1996 a.

«ss iiciath ie?» aeaoneay yioeeeeiiaaeey; *eaeaaneee A. A. I.: III ANO
1997 a.

O/aaiee «Caei?iauea e ie?oaeathuay n?aaea» 9 ee. Caoeaaiue A. I. I.:
Oeaio? «Yeieiaey e ia?aciaaiea» 1993 a.

Yeieiae/aneee aoeaa?ue ?yiaeei N. A. AICO «?onneee eiiiaaoeeiiiue oiiae»

Yioeeeeiiaaeey ie?oaeathuaai ie?a «Yeieiaey» ?aaeaeoi? Ei?ei Noieee I.:
«?INIYI» 1997 a.

?aoa?ao ii yeieiaee «Yeieiaey e caei?iauea aeaoae a. Onno?eenea».
PAGE 1

© nooaeaiou 425 a?. Aeaeueiaainoi/iiai aeae?iiaeei?aoeaiiai oaoieeoia a.
Onno?eenea

2000 a.

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