.

Влияние факторов внешней среды на микроорганизмы

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 1036
Скачать документ

IEIENOA?NOAI NAEUeNEIAI OICssENOAA ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE

OAIO AII «AeAEUeIAAINOI*IUE AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE AA?A?IUE OIEAA?NEOAO»

EINOEOOO AAOA?EIA?IIE IAAeEOeEIU E CIIOAOIEE

Eaoaae?a yieciioieiaee, ia?aceoieiaee e iee?iaeieiaee

?aoa?ao

Oaia: Aeeyiea oaeoi?ia aiaoiae n?aaeu ia iee?ii?aaieciu

Auiieiee: nooaeaio 2 eo?na EE a?oiiu 8217/2

Aa?eaiia N.

I?iaa?ee: Aiiaea?aiei A.A.

Aeaaiaauaine 2009 a.

Niaea?aeaiea:

Aaaaeaiea

1. Oece/aneea oaeoi?u

2. Oeie/aneea oaeoi?u

3. Aeieiae/aneea oaeoi?u

Caeeth/aiea

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

Aaaaeaiea

Ana nouanoaothuea iee?ii?aaieciu aeeaoo a iai?a?uaiii acaeiiaeaenoaee n
aiaoiae n?aaeie, a eioi?ie iie iaoiaeyony, iiyoiio iiaeaa?aathony
?aciiia?aciui aeeyieyi. A iaeieo neo/ayo iie iiaoo niinianoaiaaoue
eo/oaio ?acaeoeth, a ae?oaeo iiaeaaeyoue eo aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue.
Iaiaoiaeeii iiiieoue, /oi eciai/eainoue e auno?ay niaia iieieaiee
iicaieyao i?eniinaaeeaaoueny e ?aciui oneiaeyi aeecie. Iiyoiio auno?i
cae?aieythony iiaua i?eciaee.

Iaoiaeynue a i?ioeanna ?acaeoey a oaniii acaeiiaeaenoaee ni n?aaeie,
iee?ii?aaieciu ia oieueei iiaoo eciaiyoueny iiae a? aicaeaenoaeai, ii
iiaoo eciaiyoue n?aaeo a niioaaonoaee n iniaaiiinoyie. Oae iee?iau a
i?ioeanna aeuoaiey auaeaeytho i?iaeoeou iaiaia, eioi?ua a naith
i/a?aaeue eciaiytho oeie/aneee ninoaa n?aaeu, iiyoiio iaiyaony ?aaeoeey
n?aaeu e niaea?aeaiea ?acee/iuo oeie/aneeo aauanoa.

Ana oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia ?acaeoea iee?iaia, aeaeyo ia:

· Oece/aneea

· Oeie/aneea

· Aeieiae/aneea

Ieaea iiae?iaiaa ?anniio?ei eaaeaeue ec oaeoi?ia.

1. Oece/aneea oaeoi?u

Oaiia?aoo?a

Ii ioiioaieth e oaiia?aoo?iui oneiaeyi iee?ii?aaieciu ?acaeaeytho ia
oa?iioeeueiua, ineo?ioeeueiua e iacioeeueiua.

· Oa?iioeeueiua aeaeu. Ciia iioeiaeueiiai ?inoa ?aaia 50-60°N, aa?oiyy
ciia caaea?aeee ?inoa – 75°N. Oa?iioeeu iaeoatho a ai?y/eo enoi/ieeao,
o/anoaotho a i?ioeannao naiiiaa?aaaiey iaaica, ca?ia, naia.

· Ineo?ioeeueiua aeaeu (oieiaeiethaeaua) ?anooo a aeeaiaciia oaiia?aoo?
0-10°N, iaeneiaeueiay ciia caaea?aeee ?inoa 20-30°N. E iei ioiineo
aieueoeinoai nai?ioeoia, iaeoathueo a ii/aa, i?aniie e ii?neie aiaea. Ii
anoue iaeioi?ua aeaeu, iai?eia?, ea?neiee, ineo?ioeeueiua aa?eaiou
eeaaneaee, inaaaeiiiiaae, aucuaathuea caaieaaaiey o /aeiaaea.

· Iacioeeueiua aeaeu eo/oa ?anooo a i?aaeaeao 20-40°N; iaeneiaeueiay
43-45°N, ieieiaeueiay 15-20°N. A ie?oaeathuae n?aaea iiaoo ia?aaeeaaoue,
ii iau/ii ia ?aciiiaeathony. E iei ioiineony aieueoeinoai iaoiaaiiuo e
oneiaii-iaoiaaiiuo iee?ii?aaieciia.

Aunieay oaiia?aoo?a aucuaaao eiaaoeyoeeth no?oeoo?iuo aaeeia e oa?iaioia
iee?ii?aaieciia. Aieueoeinoai aaaaoaoeaiuo oi?i aeaiao i?e oaiia?aoo?a
60°N a oa/aiea 30 iei, a i?e 80-100°N – /a?ac 1 iei. Nii?u aaeoa?ee
onoie/eau e oaiia?aoo?a 100°N, aeaioo i?e 130°N e aieaa aeeeoaeueiie
yeniiceoeee (aei 2 /.).

Aeey nio?aiaiey aeecianiiniaiinoe ioiineoaeueii aeaaii?eyoiu ieceea
oaiia?aoo?u (iai?eia?, ieaea 0°N), aaca?aaeiua aeey aieueoeinoaa
iee?iaia. Aaeoa?ee auaeeaatho i?e oaiia?aoo?a ieaea –100°N; nii?u
aaeoa?ee e ae?onu aiaeaie nio?aiythony a aeeaeeii acioa (aei –250°N).

Aeaaeiinoue

I?e ioiineoaeueiie aeaaeiinoe ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu ieaea 30%
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue aieueoeinoaa aaeoa?ee i?ae?auaaony. A?aiy eo
ioie?aiey i?e aunooeaaiee ?acee/ii (iai?eia?, oiea?iue aea?eii – ca 2
nooie, a ieeiaaeoa?ee – ca 90 nooie). Iiyoiio aunooeaaiea ia
eniieuecotho eae iaoiae yeeieiaoeee iee?iaia n noano?aoia. Iniaie
onoie/eainoueth iaeaaeatho nii?u aaeoa?ee.

Oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaii eneonnoaaiiia aunooeaaiea iee?ii?aaieciia, eee
eeioeeecaoeey. Iaoiae aeeth/aao auno?ia caii?aaeeaaiea n iineaaeothuei
aunooeaaieai iiae ieceei (aaeooiii) aeaaeaieai (nooay aicaiiea).
Eeioeeueioth nooeo i?eiaiytho aeey nio?aiaiey eiioiiaeieiae/aneeo
i?aia?aoia (aaeoeei, nuai?ioie), a oaeaea aeey eiina?ae?iaaiey e
aeeeoaeueiiai nio?aiaiey eoeueoo? iee?ii?aaieciia.

Aeeyiea eiioeaio?aoeee ?anoai?ia ia ?ino iee?ii?aaieciia iiin?aaeiaaii
eciaiaieai aeoeaiinoe aiaeu eae ia?u aeinooiiie aeey i?aaiecia aiaeu. E
anee niaea?aeaiea nieae aia eeaoee ieaaeaony auoa eo eiioeaio?aoeee a
eeaoea, oi aiaea aoaeao auoiaeeoue ec eeaoee. Oaiaoaiea iaoiaaiiuo
aaeoa?ee oei?enoui iao?eai iau/ii ia/eiaaony i?e aai eiioeaio?aoeee
ieiei 3%.

Eceo/aiey

Nieia/iue naao aoaeoaeueii aeaenoaoao ia iee?ii?aaieciu, eneeth/aieai
yaeythony oioio?ioiua aeaeu. Iaeaieueoee iee?iaeoeeaeiue yooaeo
ieacuaaao ei?ioeiaieiiaua OO-eo/e. Yia?aeth eceo/aiey eniieuecotho aeey
aeaceioaeoeee, a oaeaea aeey noa?eeecaoeee oa?iieaaeeueiuo iaoa?eaeia.

OO-eo/e (a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ei?ioeiaieiiaua, o.a. n aeeeiie aieiu
250-270 ii) aeaenoaotho ia ioeeaeiiaua eeneiou. Iee?iaeoeeaeiia
aeaenoaea iniiaaii ia ?ac?uaa aiaei?iaeiuo naycae e ia?aciaaiee a
iieaeoea AeIE aeeia?ia oeieaeeia, i?eaiaeyuai e iiyaeaieth
iaaeecianiiniaiuo iooaioia. I?eiaiaiea OO-eceo/aiey aeey noa?eeecaoeee
ia?aie/aii aai ieceie i?iieoeaaiinoueth e aunieie iiaeioeoaeueiie
aeoeaiinoueth aiaeu e noaeea.

?aioaaiianeia e g-eceo/aiea a aieueoeo aeicao oaeaea aucuaaao aeaaeue
iee?iaia. Iaeo/aiea aucuaaao ia?aciaaiea naiaiaeiuo ?aaeeeaeia,
?ac?ooathueo ioeeaeiiaua eeneiou e aaeee n iineaaeothuae aeaaeueth
iee?iaiuo eeaoie. I?eiaiytho aeey noa?eeecaoeee aaeoa?eieiae/aneeo
i?aia?aoia, ecaeaeee ec ieanoiann.

Iee?iaieiiaia eceo/aiea i?eiaiytho aeey auno?ie iiaoi?iie noa?eeecaoeee
aeeeoaeueii o?aiyueony n?aae. Noa?eeecothuee yooaeo aeinoeaaaony auno?ui
iiaeuaiii oaiia?aoo?u.

Oeueo?acaoe

Ii?aaeaeaiiua /anoiou oeueo?acaoea i?e eneonnoaaiiii aicaeaenoaee
niiniaiu aucuaaoue aeaiieeia?ecaoeeth i?aaiaee iee?iaiuo eeaoie, iiae
aeaenoaeai oeueo?acaoea aacu, iaoiaeyueany a aeeaeeie n?aaea
oeeoiieaciu, aeoeae?othony e aioo?e eeaoee aicieeaao aunieia aeaaeaiea (
aei 10 000 aoi). Yoi i?eaiaeeo e ?ac?uao eeaoi/iie iaiei/ee e aeaaee
eeaoee. Oeueo?acaoe eniieuecotho aeey noa?eeecaoeee ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia
(iieiea, o?oeoiauo nieia), ieoueaaie aiaeu.

Aeaaeaiea

Aaeoa?ee ioiineoaeueii iaei /oanoaeoaeueiu e eciaiaieth
aeae?inoaoe/aneiai aeaaeaiey. Iiauoaiea aeaaeaiey aei iaeioi?iai
i?aaeaea ia neacuaaaony ia nei?inoe ?inoa iau/iuo iacaiiuo aaeoa?ee, ii
a eiioea eiioeia ia/eiaao i?aiyonoaiaaoue ii?iaeueiiio ?inoo e
aeaeaieth. Iaeioi?ua aeaeu aaeoa?ee auaea?aeeaatho aeaaeaiea aei 3 000 –
5 000 aoi, a aaeoa?eaeueiua nii?u – aeaaea 20 000 aoi.

A oneiaeyo aeoaieiai aaeooia noano?ao aunuoaao e aeeciue iaaiciiaeia.

Oeeueo?iaaiea

Aeey oaeaeaiey iee?ii?aaieciia i?eiaiytho ?acee/iua iaoa?eaeu
(iaeeiii?enoia noaeei, oeaeetheica, eiaeei); iie iaania/eaatho
yooaeoeaioth yeeieiaoeeth iee?ii?aaieciia ec aeeaeeinoae e aacia.
Oeeueo?aoeeth i?eiaiytho aeey noa?eeecaoeee aeeaeeinoae, /oanoaeoaeueiuo
e oaiia?aoo?iui aicaeaenoaeyi, ?acaeaeaiey iee?iaia e eo iaoaaieeoia
(yecioieneiia, oa?iaioia), a oaeaea aeey auaeaeaiey ae?onia.

2. Oeie/aneea oaeoi?u

Niiniaiinoue ?yaea oeie/aneeo aauanoa iiaeaaeyoue aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue
iee?ii?aaieciia caaeneo io eiioeaio?aoeee oeie/aneeo aauanoa e a?aiaie
eiioaeoa n iee?iaii. Aeaceioaeoaiou e aioenaioeee aeatho
ianiaoeeoe/aneee iee?iaeoeeaeiue yooaeo. Aaeoa?eoeeaeiui aeaenoaeai
iaeaaeatho oeie/aneea aauanoaa ?acee/iuo a?oii: eeneiou, uaei/e, nie?ou,
iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa, oaiieu e eo i?iecaiaeiua, niee oyaeaeuo
iaoaeeia, ieeneeoaee, a?oiia oi?iaeueaeaaeaea, aaciia?aciua aauanoaa e
ae?. Aieueoia ?aciiia?acea i?e?iaeu e oeie/aneie no?oeoo?u oeacaiiuo
aauanoa iaoneiaeeaaao e ?acee/iua iaoaieciu eo aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai
aeaenoaey ia iee?iaioth eeaoeo.

Aaeoa?eoeeaeiia aeaenoaea eeneio caaeneo io eo yeaeo?ieeoe/aneie
aeennioeeaoeee, oi anoue eiioeaio?aoeee I-eiiia a ?anoai?ao e eo
ieeneythuaai aeaenoaey. *oanoaeoaeueiinoue e eeneioai ?acee/ia o ?aciuo
iee?ii?aaieciia. Oae, iieacaii, /oi anee iioeiaeueiay eiioeaio?aoeey
I-eiiia aeey CI. botulinum niioaaonoaoao 7,6, oi i?e aeiaaaeaiee ?I aei
4,6 ianooiaao aeaaeue yoeo aaeoa?ee. Naiia ieceia cia/aiea ?I, i?e
eioi?ie aua iaaethaeaeny ?ino, — yoi 4,8; i?e ?I 4,7 iiaoo i?i?anoaoue
oieueei nii?u, a i?e ?I 4,6 ianooiaao i?ae?auaiea ?inoa aiiaua.

Aaeoa?eoeeaeiay aeoeaiinoue aaeeeo uaei/ae caaeneo io noaiaie
aeennioeeaoeee e eiioeaio?aoeee II-eiiia. Iaeaieueoae aaeoa?eoeeaeiie
neeie iaeaaeaao EII, caoai neaaeotho NaOH e ae?oaea uaei/e. Oae aea eae
e a ioiioaiee eeneio, aaeoa?ee iaeaaeatho ii?aaeaeaiiie uaei/iie
onoie/eainoueth.

Nie?ou. I?e ?acaaaeaiee nie?o i?eia?aoaao aaeoa?eoeeaeiua naienoaa,
i?e/ai iaeaieueoae aaeoa?eoeeaeiinoueth iaeaaeaao 70 %-iue nie?o. Aieaa
aunieea eiioeaio?aoeee naa?ouaatho aaeie, eioi?ue auiaaeaao ia
iiaa?oiinoe aaeoa?ee e oiaiueoaao i?iieeiiaaiea nie?oa a aeoaue eeaoee.
Aaeoa?eoeeaeiinoue nie?oia oaaee/eaaaony n aic?anoaieai iieaeoey?iie
iannu a ?yaeo: iaoeeiaue — yoeeiaue — i?iieeiaue — aooeeiaue — aieeiaue
e o.ae.

Iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa — yoi aee?iua eeneiou, iuea, aeaoa?aaiou.
Ana iie eciaiytho yia?aaoe/aneea niioiioaiey ia iiaa?oiinoe ?acaeaea,
ono?aieythony e iiaa?oiinoe ?acaeaea eeaoee e iia?aaeaeatho eeaoi/ioth
iaiei/eo, ia cao?aaeaay aioo?aiieo no?oeoo? eeaoee.

E?aneoaee. E e?aneoaeyi n aaeoa?eoeeaeiuie naienoaaie ioiinyo
a?eeeeaioiaue caeaiue, yoae?eaeei, oeaaae?eaeei e ae?. A iniiaa eo
aeaenoaey eaaeeo au?aaeaiiia n?iaenoai n oinoi?iieeneuie a?oiiaie
ioe-eaii?ioaeaeia.

Oaiieu e eo i?iecaiaeiua ia?aiia/aeueii iia?aaeaeatho eeaoi/ioth noaieo,
a caoai e aaeee aaeoa?eaeueiie eeaoee.

Niee oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia (naeiaoe, iaaeue, oeeie, na?aa?i, ?oooue) e eo
niee ieacuaatho eiaaoee?othuaa aeeyiea ia oeeoiieacio eeai ia oa?iaioiua
nenoaiu, naycuaay eo noeueoaeae?eeueiua a?oiiu.

Ieeneeoaee — oei?, eiae, ia?aaioeiaieeneue eaeee, ia?aeenue aiaei?iaea e
ae?., ieeneytho nouanoaaiiua eiiiiiaiou oeeoiieaciu (noeueoaeae?eeueiua
a?oiiu aeoeaiuo aaeeia, oaiieueiua, oeiyoeeueiua, eiaeieueiua, aieiiua).

Oi?iaeueaeaaeae oaeaea aeaiaoo?e?oao aaeee, ii oaeaaao eae aaaaoaoeaiua
oi?iu, oae e nii?u. Aai i?eiaiytho aeey iaaca?aaeeaaiey aeeooa?eeiiai e
noieaiy/iiai oieneiia, aeaaiaea?y /aio iie i?aa?auathony a aiaoieneiu.

Oeie/aneea aauanoaa (oei?, oi?iaeueaeaaeae, uaei/e, eeneiou, oaiie e
ae?.) eniieuecothony a i?aeoeea a ea/anoaa aeaceioeoee?othueo aauanoa.
Aeaceioaeoeey caeeth/aaony a oie/oiaeaiee iaoiaaiiuo iee?iaia. E iae
iau/ii i?eaaaatho aeey iaacca?aaeeaaiey iiiauaiee, neioiuo aeai?ia,
oa??eoi?ee.

Oeieioa?aiaaoe/aneea n?aaenoaa i?iyaeytho ecae?aoaeueiia
i?ioeaiiee?iaiia aeaenoaea.

Ii iaoaiecio aeaenoaey i?ioeaiiee?iaiua aauanoaa ?acaeaeythony ia:

a) aeaiieeia?ecothuea iaioeaeiaeeeai eeaoi/iie noaiee,

a) iiauoathuea i?iieoeaaiinoue eeaoi/iie iaia?aiu,

a) aeiee?othuea oa eee eiua aeioeie/aneea ?aaeoeee,

a) aeaiaoo?e?othuea oa?iaiou,

ae) ieeneythuea iaoaaieeou e oa?iaiou iee?ii?aaieciia,

a) ?anoai?ythuea eeiii?ioaeiiaua no?oeoo?u,

ae) iia?aaeaeathuea aaiaoe/aneee aiia?ao eee aeiee?othuea aai ooieoeee.

O iee?ii?aaieciia oeie/aneie aeano?oeoeee, i?aaeaea anaai,
iiaeaa?aathony aaeee e eeieaeu oeeoiieaciaoe/aneie iaia?aiu, aaeeiaua
iieaeoeu aeaooeeia, oeia?ee, naen-ieee, ii?eiu eeaoi/iie noaiee
a?aiiieiaeeoaeueiuo aaeoa?ee, naycuaathuea aaeee ia?eieaciu, i?ioaeiiaua
eainoeu, yecioieneiu, oa?iaiou-oieneiu e oa?iaiou ieoaiey. Aeano?oeoeey
aaoa?iaaiiuo iieeia?ia (aaeee, iieeyoe?u e ae?.) i?ienoiaeeo eae i?e
aeaenoaee ieeneeoaeae, oae e i?e aeaenoaee aeae?ieecothueo e
aeaoa?aaioiuo aioenaioeeia (eeneiou, uaei/e, niee aeaoo- e iieeaaeaioiuo
iaoaeeia e ae?.).

3. Aeieiae/aneea oaeoi?u

E aeieiae/aneei n?aaenoaai iiaoo auoue ioianaiu i?aia?aou, niaea?aeauea
aeeauo iniaae – aaeoa?eioaaia e aaeoa?ee, iaeaaeathueo au?aaeaiiie
eiieo?aioiie aeoeaiinoueth ii ioiioaieth e iaoiaaiiui e
oneiaii-iaoiaaiiui aeey /aeiaaea e aeeaioiuo aeaeai iee?iaia. Iie
aaiaeyony a i?aaieci a aeecianiiniaiii ninoiyiee. Oaae e aioaaiienou
ieacuaatho i?yiia iia?aaeaeathuaa aeaenoaea ia iaoiaaiiuo e
oneiaii-iaoiaaiiuo iee?iaia; ecaioiaeaiiua ec ieo eaea?noaaiiua
i?aia?aou i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey ianoiiai i?eiaiaiey, aeey ieo oa?aeoa?ia
niaoeeoe/iinoue aeaenoaey ia iee?ii?aaieciu e aaca?aaeiinoue aeey
iaoeeaioa; oeaeueth eo aianaiey a i?aaieci /aeiaaea e aeeaioiuo yaeyaony
ea/aiea eee i?ioeeaeoeea eioaeoeeiiiuo caaieaaaiee. Ii iaoaiecio
aeaenoaey iie aeecee e oeie/aneei aioenaioeeai.

Iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea iiiieoue e i iiei/iieeneuo aaeoa?eyo, eioi?ua
aucuaatho i?ioeann iiei/iieeneiai a?iaeaiey. Iaeioi?ua iiei/iieeneua
aaeoa?ee niiniaiu neioace?iaaoue aioeaeioeee e n eo iiiiuueth
iiaeaaeyoue ?acaeoea aieaciaoai?iuo iee?iaia.

I?aia?aou, niaea?aeauea aaeoa?ee (yoaeioeee eee i?iaeioeee):
eieeaaeoa?ei, eaeoiaaeoa?ei, aeoeaeoiaaeoa?ei, aeoeeie,
iee?ieieeiaaeoa?ei, eeiaen, aaeoenoaoee e ae?oaea.

I?aia?aou, niaea?aeauea aaeoa?eioaae: aaeoa?eioaa a?thoiioeoiciue,
aaeoa?eioaa aeecaioa?eeiue, aaeoa?eioaa naeueiiiaeeaciue, aaeoa?eioaa
eiee-i?ioaeiue, aaeoa?eioaa noaoeeieieeiaue, aaeoa?eioaa
no?aioieieeiaue, aaeoa?eioaa ieioeeaiaon, aaeoa?eioaa neiaaiieiue,
aaeoa?eioaa eeaaneaeeaciue, ieioaa eiiaeie?iaaiiue e ae?oaea.

Caeeth/aiea

Iee?ii?aaieciu iiaeaa?aeaiu iinoiyiiiio aicaeaenoaeth oaeoi?ia aiaoiae
n?aaeu. Iaaeaaii?eyoiua aicaeaenoaey iiaoo i?eaiaeeoue e aeaaee
iee?ii?aaieciia, oi anoue ieacuaaoue iee?iaeoeeaeiue yooaeo, eeai
iiaeaaeyoue ?aciiiaeaiea iee?iaia, ieacuaay noaoe/aneia aeaenoaea.
Iaeioi?ua aicaeaenoaey ieacuaatho ecae?aoaeueiue yooaeo ia ioaeaeueiua
aeaeu, ae?oaea – i?iyaeytho oe?ieee niaeo? aeoeaiinoe. Ia iniiaa yoiai
nicaeaiu iaoiaeu iiaeaaeaiey aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe iee?iaia, eioi?ua
eniieuecothony a iaaeeoeeia, auoo, naeueneii oicyenoaa e ae?.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u:

1. Aaoa?eia?iay iee?iaeieiaey/I.A. Aiaeueyeaiei, A.A. Aeoiaaa, Ae.A.
Eoaeeae e ae?.; — 304 n, ee. — (O/aaieee e o/aa. iiniaey aeey auno.
n.-o. o/aa. caaaaeaiee).

2. Caineia I.A. e ae? Iniiau iauae iee?iaeieiaee, ae?onieiaee e
eiioiieiaee. Ecae. 2-a, eni?. e aeii. I., «Eiein», 1977.

3.http://collegemicrob.narod.ru/microbilogy/

4. www.maginfo.net.ru/2006/11/12/22360287.html

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение
    Заказать реферат
    UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019