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Понятие и особенности инстинкта у животных

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Einoeieo (eao. – iiaoaeaeaiea, noeioe) – anoanoaaiiia aea/aiea;
naienoaaiiay ?iaeo e aeaeo a?iaeaeaiiay, o.a. ianeaaenoaaiiay,
neeiiiinoue e ii?aaeaeaiiiio iiaaaeaieth, eee ia?aco aeaenoaee.
Inouanoaeyaony aaoiiaoe/anee eee aneaaenoaea aiaoiaai ?acae?aaeaiey,
ii?aaeaeyy enoiae aieaa eee iaiaa neiaeiuo, «oeaeaiai?aaeaiiuo»
aeaenoaee, ii oae, /oi iaiaoiaeeiia niciaoaeueiia i?aaeaeaeaiea enoiaea
?anniao?eaaaiuo einoeieoeaiuo aeaenoaee – ia aiai?y oaea ia iniciaiee eo
oeaeaniia?aciinoe eee iaiaoiaeeiinoe – ionoonoaoao. Oaeeie einoeieoaie,
iinoiyiii naycaiiuie n ii?aaeaeaiiie neeiiiinoueth, yaeythony a iniiaiii
einoeieo ieoaiey, /enoiou, nia?eaaiey, neo/ee, ioeeaaeuaaiey yeoe,
caaiou i iioiinoaa, iauaiey, caueou e ia?aeaoia.

Einoeieou iaiauynieiu ec iiuoa ioaeaeueiiai eiaeeaeaea; aoaeo/e
a?iaeaeaiiuie, iie aianoa n oai iiaoo oneeeaaoueny eee ineaaeyoueny a
oa/aiea aeecie.

I i?ienoiaeaeaiee einoeieoia nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai aeiioac, ie iaeia ec
eioi?uo ia yaeyaony aiieia oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie. Einoeieoeaiua aeaenoaey
ioee/athony io niciaoaeueiuo aeaaiui ia?acii oai, /oi iie niaa?oathony e
eiatho niune oieueei a ii?aaeaeaiiuo (iau/iuo, anoanoaaiiuo) oneiaeyo e
i?e ?aceii eciaiaiee yoeo oneiaee iiaoo en/aciooue eee noaoue
iaoeaeaniia?aciuie.

Eaeoth ?ieue einoeieou ea?atho a aeecie /aeiaaea, auyniaii
iaaeinoaoi/ii. Oi/ii ecaanoii, /oi, n iaeiie noi?iiu, niciaoaeueiia
iuoeaiea e aiey a eo aeoai/aeoae iniiaa iai?aaeythony einoeieoaie, n
ae?. noi?iiu, aucuaathuay niaeaeaiea eaaeeueiinoue nia?aiaiiiai
eoeueoo?iiai /aeiaaea ii ioiioaieth e oaanaieth aeeciaiii iaiaoiaeeiuo
aeey iaai einoeieoia iniiauaaaony ia ia?aca aai aeecie, /oi oaea
ioee/aao /aeiaaea io aeeaioiuo. I?e yoii ioaeii aeoiaoue, /oi eae ?ac
yoa eaaeeueiinoue, yoa eciai/eainoue anao neeiiiinoae e niiniaiinoae
ioe?uaaao ?acoio aiciiaeiinoue iaia?aie/aiiie aeayoaeueiinoe e i/aiue
aaaeia aeey /aeiaaea.

O Ianeaey einoeieo – aioo?aiiee iiuo, iniiauaathueeny ia eiooeoeee e
aeaeaeeiue ath.

Einoeieou iiaeiaiu i?eau/eai, ii ioee/iu io ieo ii i?ienoiaeaeaieth. —
A?aaeaoeee einoeieoia. — O?aayiua oee e io?aauee. — Einoeieou eciai/eau.
— Einoeieou aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo, eo i?ienoiaeaeaiea. — Anoanoaaiiua
einoeieou eoeooee, Molothrus, no?aona e ia?aceoe/aneeo i/ae. —
Io?aauee-?aaiaeaaeaeueoeu. — «Iauanoaaiiay» i/aea, aa no?ieoaeueiue
einoeieo. — Eciaiaiey einoeieoa e i?aaiecaoeee ia iaycaoaeueii
iaeiia?aiaiiu. — O?oaeiinoe oai?ee Anoanoaaiiiai ioai?a einoeieoia.
Aaniieua eee noa?eeueiua ianaeiiua. — E?aoeee iaci?; Iiiaea einoeieou
noieue oaeeaeoaeueiu, /oi eo ?acaeoea, aa?iyoii, iieaaeaony /eoaoaeth
o?oaeiinoueth, aeinoaoi/iie aeey ieni?iaa?aeaiey iiae oai?ee. A oeaeii y
iiao ca?aiaa neacaoue, /oi ia caieiathnue caeanue aii?inii i
i?ienoiaeaeaiee oinoaaiiuo niiniaiinoae, eae ia caieiaeny e aii?inii i
i?ienoiaeaeaiee aeecie. Ian eioa?anoao eeoue iiiaiia?acea einoeieoa e
ae?oaeo oinoaaiiuo niiniaiinoae o aeeaioiuo iaeiiai e oiai aea eeanna.

ss ia iuoathnue aeaoue eaeia-eeai ii?aaeaeaiea einoeieoa. Eaaei
iieacaoue, /oi iiae yoei oa?ieiii iau/ii ?acoiathony iaeioi?ua ?acee/iua
ineoe/aneea aeaenoaey; ii eaaeaeue iiieiaao, /oi oioyo neacaoue, eiaaea
aiai?yo, /oi einoeieo canoaaeyao eoeooeo niaa?oaoue naie ia?aeaou e
eeanoue yeoea a aiacaea ae?oaeo ioeoe. Aeaenoaea, aeey eniieiaiey
eioi?iai io ian naieo o?aaoaony iiuo, eniieiyaiia aeeaioiui, iniaaiii
i/aiue iieiaeui, aac iiuoa, eee eniieiyaiia iaeeiaeiai iiiaeie iniayie
aac ciaiey n eo noi?iiu oeaee, n eioi?ie iii i?iecaiaeeony, iau/ii
iacuaatho einoeieoeaiui. Ii y iiao neacaoue, /oi ie iaeia ec yoeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia iiaeao n/eoaoueny oieaa?naeueiie. Iaaieueoay aeica
niia?aaeaiey eee oia, eae au?aaeaaony Iuea? Aoaa? (Pierre Huber), /anoi
iaaethaeaaony o aeeaioiuo, aeaaea iecei noiyueo ia eanoieoea i?e?iaeu.

O?aaea?ee Ethauea (Frederick Cuvier) e iaeioi?ua ec aieaa noa?uo
iaoaoeceeia n?aaieaaee einoeieo n i?eau/eie. ss aeoiath, /oi yoi
n?aaiaiea aiana ia ioiineony e i?ienoiaeaeaieth einoeieoa, a aeaao
oi/iia i?aaenoaaeaiea i ninoiyiee oia, iiae aeeyieai eioi?iai
einoeieoeaiia aeaenoaea niaa?oaaony. Iiiaea i?eau/iua aeaenoaey
auiieiythony iaie niaa?oaiii aanniciaoaeueii e ia?aaeei aeaaea i?yii
aii?aee iaoaio niciaoaeueiiio aeaeaieth! Iaeiaei iie iiaoo auoue
iiaeeoeoee?iaaiu aieae eee ?annoaeeii. I?eau/ee /anoi naycuaathony n
ae?oaeie i?eau/eaie, n ecaanoiui ia?eiaeii a?aiaie eee n ecaanoiui
ninoiyieai i?aaiecia. Iaeiaaeaeu i?eia?aoaiiua, iie /anoi inoathony
iinoiyiiuie a oa/aiea anae aeecie. Iiaeii oeacaoue e ae?oaea /a?ou
noiaenoaa iaaeaeo einoeieoaie e i?eau/eaie. Eae i?e iiaoi?aiee oi?ioi
ciaeiiiai iaiaaa, oae e i?e einoeieoa iaeii aeaenoaea neaaeoao ca
ae?oaei aei ecaanoiie noaiaie ?eoie/anee; anee eiai-ieaoaeue i?a?aaoue
n?aaee iaiey eee i?e iiaoi?aiee /aai-ieaoaeue cao/aiiiai, ii iau/ii
auaaao auioaeaeai ia/aoue n ia/aea, /oiau i?eia?anoe i?eau/iue oiae
iunee. Oi aea naiia iaoae I. Oaa? o aonaieoeu, no?iyuae i/aiue neiaeiue
eieii, a eiaiii: anee ii a?ae aonaieoeo, caaa?oeaooth naie eieii,
iieiaeei, aei oanoie noaaeee iino?ieee, e ia?anaaeeaae aa a eieii,
aeiaaaeaiiue oieueei aei o?aoueae noaaeee, oi aonaieoea i?inoi niiaa
aeaeaea /aoaa?ooth, iyooth e oanooth noaaeee iino?ieee; anee aea,
iaeiaei, aonaieoea a?aeanue ec eieiia o?aoueae noaaeee e
ia?anaaeeaaeanue a eieii, aeiaaaeaiiue aei oanoie, oae /oi cia/eoaeueiay
/anoue aa ?aaiou oaea naeaeaia, iia iiiaaeaea a i/aiue aieueoia
cao?oaeiaiea: aianoi oiai, /oiau iaeoe naaa a yoii eaeia-ieaoaeue
iaeaa/aiea, iia, /oiau ieii/eoue ?aaioo, eacaeanue auioaeaeaiiie
ia/eiaoue n o?aoueae noaaeee, ia eioi?ie aa inoaiiaeee, e n iaa
iuoaeanue aeiaiaeeoue aei eiioea oaea ii/oe ieii/aiioth ?aaioo.

Anee iu i?aaeiieiaeei, /oi eaeia-ieaoaeue i?eau/iia aeaenoaea noaiiaeony
ianeaaenoaaiiui, — a iiaeii aeieacaoue, /oi eiiaaea oae e auaaao ia
naiii aeaea, — oi noiaenoai iaaeaeo oai, /oi auei ia?aiia/aeueii
i?eau/eie e einoeieoii, noaiiaeony aeeceei aei iaioee/eiinoe. Anee au
o?aoeaoiee Iioea?o noae ea?aoue ia oi?oaieaii ia iinea ii?aceoaeueii
iaeie i?aeoeee, a nianai aac i?aeoeee, oi ni?aaaaeeeai auei au neacaoue,
/oi ii yoi aeaeaao einoeieoeaii. Ii auei au aieueoie ioeaeie aeoiaoue,
/oi aieueoia /enei einoeieoia iiaeao ca?iaeeoueny ec i?eau/ee iaeiiai
iieieaiey e auoue ianeaaenoaaiii ia?aaeaii neaaeothuei iieieaieyi. Aac
o?oaea iiaeii aeieacaoue, /oi naiua oaeeaeoaeueiua einoeieou ec oao, n
eioi?uie iu eiaai aeaei, eiaiii einoeieou «iauanoaaiiie» i/aeu e iiiaeo
io?aaueaa, ia iiaee auoue i?eia?aoaiu iooai i?eau/ee.

Anaie i?eieiaaony, /oi aeey aeaaiiieo/ey eaaeaeiai aeaea i?e nia?aiaiiuo
oneiaeyo aai nouanoaiaaiey einoeieou ianoieueei aea aaaeiu, eae e /a?ou
no?iaiey aai oaea. A neo/aa ia?aiai a aeeciaiiuo oneiaeyo ii e?aeiae
ia?a aiciiaeii, /oi neaaua iiaeeoeeaoeee einoeieoa iiaoo ieacaoueny
iieaciuie aeey aeaea; e anee iiaeii aeieacaoue, /oi einoeieou
eciaiythony oioy a neaaie noaiaie, oi y ia aeaeo o?oaeiinoe aeey
anoanoaaiiiai ioai?a, nio?aiythuaai e i?iaeieaeeoaeueii eoioee?othuaai
aa?eaoeee a einoeieoao aei ethaie noaiaie iieaciinoe. Oaeei ia?acii, y
iieaaath, i?iecioee naiua neiaeiua e oaeeaeoaeueiua einoeieou. Eae
iiaeeoeeaoeee a no?iaiee oaea aicieeatho e ?acaeaathony io oiio?aaeaiey
eee i?eau/ee e ineaaaaatho eee en/acatho io iaoiio?aaeaiey, oae oi/ii,
ia niiiaaathnue, auei e n einoeieoaie. Ii y aeoiath, /oi iineaaenoaey
i?eau/ee ai iiiaeo neo/ayo eiatho aoi?inoaiaiiia cia/aiea n?aaieoaeueii
n ?acoeueoaoaie anoanoaaiiiai ioai?a oae iacuaaaiuo niiioaiiuo aa?eaoeee
einoeieoia, o. a. aa?eaoeee, aucuaaaiuo oaie aea naiuie iaecaanoiuie
i?e/eiaie, eioi?ua iaoneiaeeaatho e neaaua oeeiiaiey a no?iaiee oaea.

Aaeaa ee eaeie-ieaoaeue neiaeiue einoeieo iiaeao ia?aciaaoueny
iin?aaenoaii anoanoaaiiiai ioai?a eia/a, eae iooai iaaeeaiiie e
a?aaeoaeueiie eoioeyoeee iiiai/eneaiiuo neaauo iieaciuo aa?eaoeee.
Ionthaea eae e a no?iaiee oaea, iu ia iiaeai iaoiaeeoue a i?e?iaea
iiaeeeiiua iinoaiaiiua ia?aoiaeiua a?aaeaoeee, eioi?uie aue i?eia?aoai
eaaeaeue neiaeiue einoeieo, oae eae yoi iiaeii auei au i?ineaaeeoue
oieueei a ?yaea i?yiuo i?aaeeia eaaeaeiai aeaea; ii iaeioi?ia
aeieacaoaeuenoai iiaeiaiuo ia?aoiaeiuo a?aaeaoeee iu aeieaeiu iaeoe a
aieiauo eeieyo iioiieia eee ii e?aeiae ia?a iu aeieaeiu auoue a
ninoiyiee aeieacaoue, /oi iiaeiaiua a?aaeaoeee aiciiaeiu; e yoi iu
aeaenoaeoaeueii iiaeai aeieacaoue. I?eieiay ai aieiaiea, /oi einoeieou
aeeaioiuo eco/aiu i/aiue iaei aia Aa?iiu e Naaa?iie Aia?eee, einoeieou
aea auia?oeo aeaeia iai niaa?oaiii iaecaanoiu, y aue oaeeaeai, eae iiiai
iiaeii iaeoe a?aaeaoeee, aaaeoueo e naiui neiaeiui einoeieoai. Eciaiaiey
a einoeieoa eiiaaea iiaoo iaeaa/aoueny oai, /oi iaeei e oio aea aeae
eiaao ?acee/iua einoeieou a ?aciua ia?eiaeu naiae aeecie, a ?aciua
a?aiaia aiaea, iaoiaeynue a ?aciuo oneiaeyo nouanoaiaaiey, e o. ae.; a
oaeii neo/aa anoanoaaiiue ioai? iiaeao nio?aieoue oi oio. oi ae?oaie
einoeieo. E iiaeiaiua neo/ae iiiaiia?acey einoeieoa o iaeiiai e oiai aea
aeaea, eae iiaeii aeieacaoue, aeaenoaeoaeueii nouanoaotho a i?e?iaea.

Aeaeaa, eae e a neo/aa ni no?iaieai oaea, e niaeanii n iiae oai?eae,
einoeieo eaaeaeiai aeaea iieacai aeey iaai naiiai, ii, ianeieueei iu
iiaeai noaeeoue, ieeiaaea ia ?acaeaaeny eneeth/eoaeueii aeey aeaaa
ae?oaeo. Ianeieueei iia ecaanoii, iaeei ec naiuo au?aceoaeueiuo
i?eia?ia, eiaaea aeeaioiia niaa?oaao aeaenoaea, aeaeeii, iieaciia
oieueei aeey ae?oaiai, i?aaenoaaeytho niaie o?aayiua oee, aeia?iaieueii
ioaeathuea, eae yoi auei aia?aua caia/aii Oaa?ii, neaaeeia auaeaeaiea
io?aaueyi; /oi iie aeaeatho yoi aeia?iaieueii, aeieacuaaaony
neaaeothueie oaeoaie. ss oaeaeee anao io?aaueaa io a?oiiu
i?eaeeceoaeueii n aethaeeio oeae, neaeaaoeo ia eenoa uaaaey, e ia aeaaae
ei i?eaeeceoueny a i?iaeieaeaiea ianeieueeeo /ania. ss aue oaa?ai, /oi
ii enoa/aiee yoiai a?aiaie o oeae yaeony iio?aaiinoue auaeaeeoue naie
yene?ao. Iaeioi?ia a?aiy y ?anniao?eaae eo a oaaee/eoaeueiia noaeei, ii
ie iaeia ec ieo ia auaeaeyea; caoai y o?iaae e uaeioae eo aieinii,
noa?aynue naeaeaoue yoi ii aiciiaeiinoe oae, eae aeaeatho io?aauee
naieie oneeaie, ii ana-oaee ie iaeia ia auaeaeyea. Iinea yoiai y ionoee
e iei io?aauey, e ii aai auno?ui aeaeaeaieyi noaei n?aco aeaeii, /oi ii
oi?ioi ciaao, eaeia aiaaoia noaaei ii iaoae; caoai ii ia/ae o?iaaoue
naieie oneeaie a?thoei nia/aea iaeiie, iioii ae?oaie oee, e eaaeaeay ec
ieo, eae oieueei /oanoaiaaea i?eeiniiaaiea oneeia, iaiaaeeaiii
iiaeieiaea naia a?thoei e auaeaeyea i?ic?a/ioth eaieth neaaeeiai
aauanoaa, eioi?ay aeaaeii iiaee?aeanue io?aaueai. Aeaaea nianai iieiaeua
oee aaee naay oi/ii oae aea, aeieacuaay, /oi yoio aeo yaeyaony o ieo
einoeieoeaiui, a ia ?acoeueoaoii iiuoa, Ec iaaethaeaiee Oaa?a ecaanoii,
/oi oee ia aueacuaatho e io?aaueyi iai?eycie; ii iie a eiioea eiioeia
auioaeaeaiu auaeaeeoue naie yene?ao, anee io?aaueaa iao. Oae eae yoio
yene?ao /?acau/aeii eeaeeee, oi, ianiiiaiii, oaeaeaiea aai auaiaeii aeey
oeae, e iiyoiio iie auaeaeytho yene?ao, aa?iyoii, ia oieueei ia iieueco
io?aaueyi. Oioy, oaeei ia?acii, iao aeieacaoaeuenoaa, /oiau eaeia au oi
ie auei aeeaioiia niaa?oaei aeaenoaea, iieaciia eneeth/eoaeueii aeey
ae?oaiai aeaea, iaeiaei eaaeaeue no?aieony ecaea/ue auaiaeo ec
einoeieoia ae?oaeo, oi/ii oae aea eae eaaeaeue ecaeaeaao iieueco ec
aieaa neaaiai no?iaiey oaea ae?oaeo aeaeia. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaeioi?ua
einoeieou ia iiaoo n/eoaoueny aaniethoii niaa?oaiiuie; ii oae eae
iiae?iaiinoe ioiineoaeueii yoiai e ae?oaeo iiaeiaiuo aii?inia ia
iaiaoiaeeiu, oi ia ieo iiaeii caeanue ia inoaiaaeeaaoueny.

Oae eae iaeioi?ay noaiaiue aa?eaoeee einoeieoia a anoanoaaiiii ninoiyiee
e ianeaaenoaaiiay ia?aaea/a oaeeo aa?eaoeee iaiaoiaeeiu aeey aeaenoaey
anoanoaaiiiai ioai?a, oi a iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea yoiai iaaei au i?eaanoe ii
aiciiaeiinoe aieueoa i?eia?ia, ii iaaeinoaoie ianoa iaoaao iia yoi
naeaeaoue. ss iiao oieueei ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi einoeieou ianiiiaiii
aa?uee?otho; oae, iai?eia?, einoeieo iea?aoeee iiaeao aa?uee?iaaoue
i?ino?ainoaaiii e ii iai?aaeaieth e aeaaea niaa?oaiii oo?a/eaaoueny.
Oi/ii oae aea aiacaea ioeoe eiiaaea aa?uee?otho a caaeneiinoe io
aua?aiiiai aeey ieo ianoa, i?e?iaeu e oaiia?aoo?u no?aiu, /anoi aea io
i?e/ei, iai niaa?oaiii iaecaanoiuo; Iaethaii i?eaae ianeieueei
caia/aoaeueiuo neo/aaa ?acieoeu a ono?ienoaa aiacae iaeiiai e oiai aea
aeaea a naaa?iuo e thaeiuo Niaaeeiaiiuo Ooaoao, anee, iaeiaei, einoeieo
eciai/ea, oi iiaeii ni?ineoue, ii/aio ii ia aeaao i/?eai «oiaiuey
iieueciaaoueny eaeei-eeai ae?oaei iaoa?eaeii, eiaaea iao ainea». Ii
eaeie ae?oaie iaoa?eae iiaee au oiio?aaeyoue i/?eu? Iie iiaoo
oiio?aaeyoue a aeaei, eae y aeaeae, caoaa?aeaaoee aine n eeiiaa?ueth e
iyaeee, niaoaiiue n aee?ii. Yiae?o Iaeo iaaethaeae, /oi aai i/?eu aianoi
oiai, /oiau o?oaeiethaeai niae?aoue eeae, iieueciaaeenue oeaiaioe?othuae
nianueth ec ainea e neeieaea?a, eioi?ie auee iaiacaiu aea?aauey n
iaiae?aiiie ei?ie. Iaaeaaii auei oeacaii, /oi i/?eu, aianoi oiai /oiau
niae?aoue iueueoeo, ioioii iieuecothony aanueia ?acee/iuie aauanoaaie,
iai?eia? ianyiie ioeie. Aiyciue eaeiai-eeai ii?aaeaeaiiiai a?aaa,
eiia/ii, einoeieoeaiia naienoai, eae yoi iiaeii aeaeaoue ia ioaioeao, ii
iii oneeeaaaony iiuoii e c?aeeuai no?aoa, iaia?oaeeaaaiiai ae?oaeie
aeeaioiuie ia?aae oai aea a?aaii. Aiyciue /aeiaaea, eae y iieacae yoi a
ae?oaii ianoa, iaaeeaiii i?eia?aoaaony ?acee/iuie aeeaioiuie,
ianaeythueie ionouiiua ino?iaa, e i?eia? yoiai iu aeaeei aeaaea a
Aiaeee: ana iaoe e?oiiua ioeoeu aieaa ioaeeau, iaaeaee iaeeea, oae eae
e?oiiua oneeaiii i?aneaaeothony /aeiaaeii. Iu iiaeai niieieii i?eienaoue
aieueooth ioaeeainoue e?oiiuo ioeoe yoie i?e/eia, iioiio /oi ia
iaiaeoaaiuo ino?iaao e?oiiua ioeoeu ia aiyceeaaa iaeeeo, e ni?iea,
noieue inoi?iaeiay a Aiaeee, ianoieueei aeiaa?/eaa a Ii?aaaee,
ianeieueei na?ay ai?iia — a Aaeioa.

Iiiaeie oaeoaie iiaeii aeieacaoue, /oi oinoaaiiua naienoaa aeeaioiuo
iaeiiai e oiai aea aeaea, ?iaeaeaiiuo a aeeeii ninoiyiee, neeueii
aa?uee?otho. Oi/ii oae aea iiaeii i?eaanoe iiiai i?eia?ia neo/aeiuo e
no?aiiuo i?eau/ae o aeeeeo aeeaioiuo, eioi?ua (anee au iie ieacaeenue
iieaciuie aeey aeaea) iiaee au iin?aaenoaii anoanoaaiiiai ioai?a
iineoaeeoue enoi/ieeii aeey iiauo einoeieoia. Ii y oi?ioi ciath, /oi
oaeea iauea ooaa?aeaeaiey, aac iiae?iaiiai eceiaeaiey oaeoia,
i?iecaaaeoo iaei aia/aoeaiey ia oi /eoaoaey. ss iiao eeoue iiaoi?eoue
naia oaa?aiea, /oi y ia aiai?th aac aaneeo aeieacaoaeuenoa.

Ianeaaenoaaiiua eciaiaiey i?eau/ee eee einoeieoa o aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo

Aiciiaeiinoue eee aeaaea aa?iyoiinoue ianeaaenoaaiiuo aa?eaoeee
einoeieoa a i?e?iaea iiaeao auoue iiaee?aieaia e?aoeei iaci?ii iaeioi?uo
neo/aaa o aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo. aeaaiaea?y yoiio iu iieo/ei aiciiaeiinoue
ii?aaeaeeoue aeieth o/anoey i?eau/ee e ioai?a oae iacuaaaiuo niiioaiiuo
aa?eaoeee a iiaeeoeeaoeee oinoaaiiuo naienoa iaoeo aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo.
Ecaanoii, eae neeueii aa?uee?otho o aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo oinoaaiiua
naienoaa. Oae, iai?eia?, iaeie eioee, anoanoaaiii, eiayo e?un, ae?oaea —
iuoae, e yoe iaeeiiiinoe ia?aaeathony ii ianeaaenoao. Iaeia eioea, ii
naeaeaoaeuenoao i-?a Naio-Aeaeiia (St. John), anaaaea i?eiineea aeiiie
aee/ue, ae?oaay — caeoeaa eee e?ieeeia, o?aouey ioioeeanue a aieioenoie
ianoiinoe e ii/oe eaaeaeoth ii/ue aeiauaaea aaeueaeoiaiia e aaeania.
Iiaeii i?eaanoe aieueoia /enei ethaiiuoiuo e ianiiiaiiuo neo/aaa
ianeaaenoaaiiie ia?aaea/e ?aciuo iooaieia neeiiiinoae e i?aaa, a oaeaea
a aunoae noaiaie no?aiiuo i?eau/ae, noiyueo a nayce n ecaanoiui
aeooaaiui ninoiyieai eee n ii?aaeaeaiiuie ia?eiaeaie a?aiaie. Ii
inoaiiaeiny ia oi?ioi ecaanoiii neo/aa n ii?iaeaie niaae: iao ieeaeiai
niiiaiey, /oi iieiaeua iieioa?u (y nai aeaeae yoiio ii?aceoaeueiue
i?eia?) iiaoo eiiaaea aeaeaoue noieeo, e aeaaea eo/oa, /ai ae?oaea
niaaee, a ia?aue aea ?ac, eae eo auaiaeyo a iiea; iaia?oaeaiea e iiaea/a
aee/e, aac niiiaiey, aei iaeioi?ie noaiaie ianeaaeothony ioioie/ueeie
niaaeaie; o ia/a?ie — i?eau/ea aaaaoue aie?oa noaaea, aianoi oiai /oiau
a?inaoueny ia noaaei iaaoe. ss ia iiao i?eciaoue, /oi yoe aeaenoaey
nouanoaaiii ioee/athony io ianoiyueo einoeieoia: iie niaa?oathony
iieiaeueth aac iiuoa, ii/oe iaeeiaeiai eaaeaeie iniaueth, iie
niaa?oathony eaaeaeie ii?iaeie n aieueoei ?aaieai, ii aac iiieiaiey
iineaaenoaee, iioiio /oi iieiaeie iieioa?, aeaeay noieeo, oae aea iaei
iiieiaao, /oi ii iiiiaaao naiaio oicyeio, eae e eaionoieoea — ii/aio iia
ioeeaaeuaaao naie ye/ee ia eeno eaionou. Aeaey, eae iieiaeie e
iaiaoaneaiiue aiee iaeiie ii?iaeu, ii/oya aeiau/o, inoaiaaeeaaaony eae
aeiiaiiue e caoai iaaeeaiii, iniaie iioiaeeie e?aaeaony aia?aae, oiaaea
eae aiee ae?oaie ii?iaeu, aianoi oiai /oiau a?inaoueny ia noaaei ieaiae,
aaaaao aie?oa iaai, /oiau caaiaoue aai a ioaeaeaiiia ianoi, iu n
oaa?aiiinoueth iiaeai iacaaoue yoe aeaenoaey einoeieoeaiuie. Aeiiaoiea
einoeieou, eae eo iiaeii iacaaoue, eiia/ii, ai?acaei iaiaa iinoiyiiu,
iaaeaee anoanoaaiiua, ii iie eniuouaaee aeaenoaea ai?acaei iaiaa
no?iaiai ioai?a e ia?aaeaaaeenue a oa/aiea ian?aaiaiii aieaa ei?ioeiai
ia?eiaea i?e iaiaa iinoiyiiuo oneiaeyo nouanoaiaaiey.

Aei /aai iinoiyiia ianeaaenoaaiiay ia?aaea/a yoeo aeiiaoieo einoeieoia,
i?eau/ae e neeiiiinoae e aei /aai ethaiiuoii iie eiiaeie?othony, iiaeii
oi?ioi aeaeaoue i?e ne?aueaaiee niaae ?acee/iuo ii?iae. Ecaanoii, /oi
ne?aueaaiea n aoeueaeiaii ?acaeaaao ai iiiaeo iieieaieyo ai?cie
niaeinoue e oii?noai; ne?aueaaiea n ai?cie ?acaeei a oeaeie naiuea
ia/a?ie neeiiiinoue ioioeoueny ca caeoeaie. Yoe aeiiaoiea einoeieou i?e
eo eco/aiee iooai ne?aueaaiey iioiaee ia anoanoaaiiua einoeieou, eioi?ua
oaeaea ethaiiuoii eiiaeie?othony iaaeaeo niaie i a oa/aiea aeieaiai
a?aiaie nio?aiytho neaaeu einoeieoia eaaeaeiai ec ?iaeeoaeae; Ea ?oa (Le
Roy), iai?eia?, iienuaaao niaaeo, i?aaeaae eioi?ie aue aieeii e eioi?ay
nio?aieea neaaeu naiaai aeeeiai i?aaeea eeoue a oii, /oi ieeiaaea ia oea
e oicyeio ii i?yiie eeiee, eiaaea aa caaee.

Aeiiaoiea einoeieou eiiaaea ?anniao?eaathony eae oaeea aeaenoaey,
eioi?ua noaee ianeaaenoaaiiuie eeoue a ?acoeueoaoa i?iaeieaeeoaeueiie e
i?eioaeeoaeueiie i?eau/ee, ii yoi iaaa?ii. Ieeoi ia iiaeoiae au o/eoue,
aea, aa?iyoii, e ia auo/ee au oo?iaia eoau?eaoueny a aicaeooa, —
aeaeaeaiea, eioi?ia, eae y iiao canaeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue, niaa?oaaony e
iieiaeuie ioeoeaie, ieeiaaea ia aeaeaaoeie eoau?eathuaainy aieoay. Iu
iiaeai aeoiaoue, /oi eaeie-eeai aieoaue aueacae neaaoth neeiiiinoue e
yoie no?aiiie i?eau/ea, e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiue ioai? eo/oeo iniaae a ?yaea
iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo iieieaiee naeaeae oo?iaiia oai, /oi iie
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie nae/an; aeec Aeacai anoue oo?iaiu, eioi?ua, eae y
neuoae io i-?a A?aioa (Brent), ia iiaoo iiaeiyoueny ia 18 aetheiia, ia
ia?aeoau?ioaoenue. Iiaeii niiiaaaoueny, /oiau eoi-ieaoaeue acaeoiae
o/eoue niaaeo aeaeaoue noieeo, anee au eaeay-ieaoaeue niaaea ia
iaia?oaeeea e yoiio anoanoaaiiie neeiiiinoe; e ecaanoii, /oi eiiaaea yoa
niiniaiinoue aeaenoaeoaeueii i?iyaeyaony, eae y nai iaeiaaeaeu
iaaethaeae ia iaeiii /enoie?iaiii oa?uea?a; noieea, eae iiiaea aeoiatho,
aa?iyoii, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oieueei i?iaeieaeeoaeueioth inoaiiaeo
aeeaioiiai, i?eaioiaeythuaainy a?ineoueny ia aeiau/o. ?ac ia?aay
iaeeiiiinoue e noieea iaeiaaeaeu iiyaeeanue, iaoiaee/aneee ioai?
ianeaaenoaaiiua ?acoeueoaou auioaeaeaiiie o?aie?iaee a ?yaea
iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo iieieaiee iiaee auno?i caaa?oeoue aeaei; a
aanniciaoaeueiue ioai? i?iaeieaeaaony e oaia?ue, oae eae eaaeaeue
no?aieony i?eia?anoe, ia caaioynue ia oeo/oaiee ii?iaeu, oaeeo niaae,
eioi?ua iaeeo/oei ia?acii euoo e aeaeatho noieeo. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, a
iaeioi?uo neo/ayo aeinoaoi/ii auei iaeiie i?eau/ee; aaeaa ee eaeia
ae?oaia aeeaioiia o?oaeiaa i?e?o/eoue, /ai iieiaeiai aeeeiai e?ieeea, e
aaeaa ee eaeia ae?oaia aeeaioiia yaeyaony aieaa ?o/iui, iaaeaee
iieiaeaaeue io i?e?o/aiiiai e?ieeea; ii y n o?oaeii iiao aeiionoeoue,
/oiau aeiiaoiea e?ieeee /anoi noaiiaeeenue i?aaeiaoii ioai?a oieueei
ec-ca eo e?ioinoe, e iioiio ii e?aeiae ia?a aieueooth /anoue eo
ianeaaenoaaiiiio eciaiaieth io e?aeiae aeeeinoe aei e?aeiae
i?e?o/aiiinoe iu aeieaeiu i?eienaoue i?eau/ea e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiiio
niaea?aeaieth a iaaiea.

Anoanoaaiiua einoeieou oo?a/eaathony i?e aeiianoeeaoeee; caia/aoaeueiue
i?eia? yoiai iu aeaeei ia oao ii?iaeao eo?, eioi?ua i/aiue ?aaeei iee
aeaaea ieeiaaea ia aeaeathony ianaaeeaie, o. a. ieeiaaea ia naaeyony ia
yeoea. Eeoue iau/iinoue iiiaeo yaeaiee iaoaao iai caiaoeoue, aei eaeie
noaiaie e eae i?i/ii iiaeeoeoee?iaaiu oinoaaiiua niiniaiinoe iaoeo
aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo. Aaeaa ee iiaeii niiiaaaoueny, /oi i?eaycaiiinoue e
/aeiaaeo noaea o niaaee einoeieoeaiie. Aieee, eeneoeu, oaeaeu e ?aciua
aeaeu ?iaea eioae, i?e?o/aynue, ana-oaee ioioii iaiaaeatho ia
aeiiaoithth ioeoeo, iaaoe e naeiae, e yoa aea iaeeiiiinoue ieacaeanue
iaenei?aieiie o niaae, i?eaacaiiuo uaieaie ec oaeeo no?ai, eae Iaiaiiay
Caiey e Aano?aeey, aaea aeeea?e ia aea?aeao yoeo aeiiaoieo aeeaioiuo. N
ae?oaie noi?iiu, eae iaei iaaei o/eoue iaoeo aeiiaoieo niaae, aeaaea a
eo ?aiiae iieiaeinoe, /oiau iie ia iaiaaeaee ia aeiiaoithth ioeoeo,
iaaoe e naeiae! Aac niiiaiey, neo/aeii e iie i?iecaiaeyo oaeea
iaiaaeaiey, ii oiaaea eo iaeacuaatho, a anee yoi ia iiiiaaao, oi eo
oie/oiaeatho; oaeei ia?acii, i?eau/ea ea iaeioi?ie noaiaie ioai?,
aa?iyoii, aeaenoaiaaee niaianoii a ainieoaiee iaoeo niaae n iiiiuueth
ianeaaenoaaiiinoe. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, oeuieyoa anaoeaei iiae aeeyieai
i?eau/ee oo?aoeee no?ao ia?aae niaaeie e eioeie, aac niiiaiey,
ia?aiia/aeueii auaoee o ieo einoeieoeaiui, iioiio /oi, eae niiauee iia
eaieoai Oaooii (Hutton), oeuieyoa ?iaeiia/aeueiie oi?iu — Gallus
bankiva, ii auaaaeaiiua a Eiaeee eo?eoeae, auaatho nia/aea /?acau/aeii
aeeee. Oi aea iaaethaeaaony o iieiaeuo oacaiia, auaaaeaiiuo a Aiaeee
eo?eoeae. Yoi ia cia/eo, /oi oeuieyoa aiiaua oo?aoeee /oanoai no?aoa, a
oieueei no?ao ia?aae niaaeaie e eioeaie, iioiio /oi, eiaaea iaoue
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaao eo ia iianiinoe, iie ?acaaaathony (iniaaiii eiaethoaoa)
e i?y/oony a ?anoouae e?oaii o?aaa; iineaaeiaa aeaeaaony, i/aaeaeii,
einoeieoeaii n oeaeueth aeaoue iaoa?e aiciiaeiinoue oeaoaoue, /oi iu
aeaeei o aeeeeo iacaiiuo ioeoe. Ii yoio einoeieo, nio?aiyaiue iaoeie
oeuieyoaie, naeaeaeny aaniieaciui i?e aeiianoeeaoeee, oae eae iaoue
aneaaenoaea iaoiio?aaeaiey e?ueueaa ii/oe nianai oo?aoeea niiniaiinoue
eaoaoue.

Ionthaea iu iiaeai caeeth/eoue, /oi i?e aeiianoeeaoeee iaeioi?ua
einoeieou auee i?eia?aoaiu, i?e?iaeiua aea einoeieou auee oo?a/aiu
io/anoe aneaaenoaea i?eau/ee e io/anoe aneaaenoaea eoioeyoeee /aeiaaeii
iin?aaenoaii ioai?a a ?yaea iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo iieieaiee oaeeo
naiaia?aciuo ineoe/aneeo neeiiiinoae e aeaenoaee, eaeea ia?aiia/aeueii
aucuaaeenue oai, /oi iu aneaaenoaea iaoaai iaciaiey iacuaaai
neo/aeiinoueth. A iaeioi?uo neo/ayo iaeiie auioaeaeaiiie i?eau/ee auee
aeinoaoi/ii, aeey oiai /oiau i?iecaanoe ianeaaenoaaiiua i?aia?aciaaiey;
a ae?oaeo neo/ayo auioaeaeaiiay i?eau/ea ia eiaea cia/aiey e ana auei
?acoeueoaoii ioai?a, eae iaoiaee/aneiai, oae e aanniciaoaeueiiai; ii a
aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa i?eau/ea e ioai?, aa?iyoii, oee ?oea ia ?oeo.

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