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2

AeIEEAAe

ia oaio

«IIEETHNEE»

o/aieoeu 7 «A» eeanna

NIO ? 1908

Ieeoeeiie Aiiu

O/eoaeue: ?iiaoeiaa Y.A.

2002a.

Iieethnee.

Iieethnee (iyaeioaeua) – ae?aaiea iaeoaoaee iaoae ieaiaou – iiyaeeenue
ieiei 450-500 iei. eao iacaae. N?aaee oa?aeoa?iuo eo i?eciaeia ioia/atho
ecaanoeiaoth ?aeiaeio, eioi?ay (eee inoaoie, ?oaeeiaio eioi?ie) eiaaony
o aieueoeinoaa iieethneia. Iieethnee – e?oiiue ii /eneo aeaeia (130
oun.) oei aeeaioiuo. Eo i?aaeeaie, noaey ii anaio, auee ieineea /a?ae.
Iaeoatho iieethnee i?aeiouanoaaiii a ii?yo (ieaeee, ono?eoeu, eaeueia?u,
inueieiiae), i?aniuo aiaei?iao (aaccoaee, i?oaeiaeee, aeeai?iaeee),
?aaea – ai aeaaeiie iacaiiie n?aaea (aeiia?aaeiay oeeoea, neecie).
?acia?u oaea ac?ineuo iieethneia ?aciuo aeaeia cia/eoaeueii ?acee/athony
– io ianeieueeeo ieeeeiao?ia aei 20 iao?ia. Aieueoeinoai ec ieo –
iaeiiiaeaeaeiua aeeaioiua, iaeioi?ua ec ieo aaaeoo i?ee?aie?iiue ia?ac
aeecie (ieaeee, ono?eoeu), e oieueei aieiaiiiaea iieethnee niiniaiu
auno?i ia?aaeaeaaoueny ?aaeoeaiui niiniaii. Aeaa naiuo e?oiiuo eeanna a
oeia iieethneia, e eioi?ui ioiinyony 98% eo aeaeia – A?thoiiiaea e
Aeaonoai?/aoua.

Eeann A?thoiiiaea (oeeoee) – naiue iiiai/eneaiiue eeann iieethneia (100
oun. aeaeia). Iaeoatho iie a ii?yo, a i?aniuo aiaei?iao e ia nooa.
?aeiaeia eiie/aneay eee nie?aeueiay, o aeoeaiuo oeuieeia e /anoe
iacaiiuo aeaeia iiaeaa?aaaony ?aaeoeoeee. Oaei ninoieo ec oi?ioi
iainiaeaiiie aieiau, ianouae 1-2 ia?u uoiaeaoe e ia?iua aeaca, iiae
(?acee/iie oi?iu) e ooeiaeua. Iuooeu iiae aieiiia?acii nie?auathony
nia?aaee iacaae e oai naiui iaaeeaiii i?iaeaeaatho oeeoeo aia??ae.
Iniaaiii oi?ioi yoi aeaeii, anee iinaaeeoue oeeoeo ia noaeei e niio?aoue
ia ia? nieco. O iaeioi?uo a?thoiiiaeo ioaa?noea ?aeiaeiu (onouea) i?i/ii
cae?uaaaony, eiaaea aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue, e?uoa/eie. Ooeiaeua
nie?aeueii cae?o/aii e aneiiao?e/ii, eae ?aeiaeia. A ieuaaa?eoaeueiie
nenoaia cia/eoaeueii aeeooa?aioee?iaai ia?aaeiee ioaeae eeoa/ieea. A
aeioea eiaaony iiaeaeaeiue ioneoeenoue au?ino – ycu/ie, iie?uoue o??eie,
e /aethnoe. Nthaea aea aoiaeyo i?ioiee ia?iuo nethiiuo aeaeac. Aeaeaa
aeioea ia?aoiaeeo a ieuaaiae, cia, aeaeoaeie, a eioi?ue ioe?uaaaony
i?ioie ia/aie. Caoai n?aaeiyy eeoea ia?aoiaeeo a caaeithth,
caeai/eaathuothny aiaeueiui ioaa?noeai ia i?aaie noi?iia oaea ?yaeii n
aeuoaoaeueiui. Aeuoaiea inouanoaeyaony n iiiiuueth aeaa? eee e?aeiai.
A?thoiiiaea ?acaeaeueiiiieua e aa?iao?iaeeou. Oeeoee iau/ii ei?iyony
?anoaieyie, ii anoue n?aaee ieo e oeuieee. Oeon iaeioi?uo ii?neeo oeuiuo
oeeoie aeiaieueii yaeiaeo.

Iaeaieaa oi?ioi eco/aia ec anao a?thoiiiaeo iieethneia aeiia?aaeiay
oeeoea. AEeaoo aeiia?aaeiua oeeoee ia oieueei ia aeiia?aaeieeao, ii e a
ia?eao, naaeao, ia iiooeao eania. Oeeoea ?iao a ?uoeie caiea yieo –
aiacaei, a ia? iiiauaao yeoea, canuiaao caie?e e ianeieueei ?ac
i?iiiecaao iaae naiae eeaaeeie – iiaa?oiinoue a? oaia?ue naeaaeaia e
iaioee/eia io aeeaeaeoeo ie?anoiinoae. *a?ac 25 aeiae ec yeoe ii/oe
iaeiia?aiaiii auoiaeyo aeao?iuoe – e?ioioiua oeeoi/ee, ii oaea n
?aeiaeieie (oioy oa, ii i?aaaea neacaoue, eeoue oi?iaeueii iiaeao
n/eoaoueny eo caueoiui aeiieeii – iieoi?ic?a/ia e io iaeaeoaai
i?eeiniiaaiey eiiaaony). Eeoue /a?ac ianeieueei eao iie i?eia?aooo
aeinoaoi/ii i?i/ioth ?aeiaeio.

Iauaaeay eenouey e ii/ee aeiia?aaeiie eicu, oeeoee iaiinyo a?aae
aeiia?aaeieeai. Ethaee e ia iiaeic?aaatho, eae coaanou ie?iua
aeiia?aaeiua oeeoee. Coau o ieo ?aniieiaeaiu ia ycuea. O aia?eeaineie
naaeiaie oeeoee eo, iai?eia?, aieaa 14 oun.! n iiiiuueth yoie «o??ee»
oeeoee e iionoioatho naaeu e iai?iaeu. A ?yaea no?ai Aa?iiu iie oeaiyony
eae ioee/iue aeaeeeaoan, a a iaeioi?uo e?ayo iie – iau/iay ieua
ianaeaiey e iiaaeathony a ia?iiiii eiee/anoaa.

I?oaeiaee iaueiiaaiiue – oeie/iue iaeoaoaeue i?oaeia, ic??, oeoeo
caaiaeae e ?ae. Ia aieiaa ?aniieiaeaia ia?a uoiaeaoe. Aeuoaiea e?ai/iia.
Ieoaaony ioo?i nineaaeeaaiey o??eie iyaeeo oeaiae ?anoaiee. I?oaeiaeee –
aa?iao?iaeeou, iieiaeioai?aiea o ieo ia?ae??noiia. Ioeeaaeuaaaiua yeoea
a aeaea neecenouo oio?ia i?ee?aieytho e aiaeiui ?anoaieyi. Ec yeoe
?acaeaathony iieiaeua iniae.

I?oaeiaee iaeue yaeyaony i?iiaaeooi/iui oicyeiii ia/?ii/iiai ninaeueueea
– iianiiai ia?aceoa /aeiaaea e naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo aeeaioiuo.

Neecie eiatho auoyiooia eeo?iiia ?aeiaeiu e iie?uoia neecueth oaei.
Iia?aaeaeaao ieiaeu e eenouey iiiaeo eoeueoo?iuo ?anoaiee.

E?oiiaeoei ec ecaanoiuo a?thoiiiaeo iieethneia n/eoaaony aeaaioneee
ne?eien ec Aano?aeee. Aeiauoay a 1979 a. aeoay ii?neay ?aeiaeia yoiai
iieethnea aeinoeaaea 77 ni a aeeeio e iao?a a iaoaaoa. Aan iieethnea i?e
aeecie ninoaaeye aieaa 18 ea.

N?aaee ii?neeo a?thoiiiaeo iieethneia iaiaei oaeeo, ca ecoieoaeueii
e?aneaua ?aeiaeiu eioi?uo eieeaeoeeiia?u ia ?ac ioaeaaaee oeaeua
ninoiyiey. A ?aeiaeiee eao?e ec naiaenoaa oa?oi?iauo oeeoie aeaaea
neoaeeee ?aciaiiie iiiaoie a Eeoaa, THai-Ainoi/iie Acee e Naaa?iie
Aia?eea.

Ii iaeaunoae oeaiiinoueth, iieo/aaiie io a?thoiiiaeo iieethneia, aeieaia
a?aiy n/eoaeny, eiia/ii, io?io?. Eaaaiaea aeaneo, /oi eiaaea-oi ia
aa?aao N?aaeecaiiiai ii?y iaeia niaaea ?aca?ucea ?aeiaeio iieethnea
io?aena. Oio/an a? ianoue ie?aneeanue a io?io?iue oeaao. A? oicyei
caiaoee yoi, e n oao ii? io?io?ii (auaeaeaieai iniauo aeae?c io?aena,
e?aniathuei ia naaoo) noaee ie?aoeaaoue aei?iaea oeaie. A ia/aea iaoae
y?u oeaie, ie?aoaiiua /enoui io?io?ii auee iauyaeaiu a ?eia
eneeth/eoaeueiie i?eaeeaaeae eiia?aoi?ia. Inoaeueiui iaeaaeaeo ec oaeeo
oeaiae iineoue cai?auaeinue iiae no?aoii nia?oe.

Io?io? aeiauaaee oiiiaie, a aaaeue /oiau aeiauoue iaeei aai a?aii
ioaeii oie/oiaeeoue 10oun. io?aenia. A iaoa a?aiy i?iecaiaenoai io?io?a
ii/oe caauoi. Eeoue eia-aaea a N?aaeecaiiiii?uea nio?aieeenue o?aaeeoeee
aai ecaioiaeaiey.

A?thoiiiaea iieethnee ea?atho aieueooth ?ieue a ieuaauo oeaiyo ?acee/iuo
i?e?iaeiuo aeioeaiicia.

Eeann Aeaonoai?/aoua (?aeooee) iauaaeeiyao iaeiiiaeaeaeiuo ii?neeo e
i?aniiaiaeiuo iieethneia. Eo oaei caeeth/aii a ?aeiaeio, ninoiyuoth ec
aeaoo noai?ie, niaaeei?iiuo iaaeaeo niaie ia nieiiie noi?iia i?e iiiiue
naycee e coaia. Ioe?uaathony noai?ee ?aeiaeiu ianneaii aeaaiaea?y
yeanoe/iinoe naycee; cae?uaathony i?e iiiiue aeaoo iuooe-caiueaoaeae,
?aniieiaeaiiuo iiia??e oaea iieethnea e i?ee?aie?iiuo naieie eiioeaie e
aeaoi noai?eai ?aeiaeiu. Nie?auaieai iuooe noai?ee i?eoyaeaathony ae?oa
e ae?oao. ?aeooee iau/ii au? iaiaa iiaeaeaeiu, /ai oeeoee, oioy e oa
iniaie auno?ioie ia neaayony. *aua anaai aeaonoai?/aoua iieethnee
iaiiaeaeaeii eaaeao, i?ee?aieaoenue e iiaeaiaeiui i?aaeiaoai iniauie
ieoyie, eioi?ua iacuaatho aennoniuie. Ec yoeo ieoae ai a?aiaia
aioe/iinoe aeaaea ecaioaaeeaaee aei?iaoth oeaiue. A aio ee/eiee ?aeooae
auaatho i/aiue aeaaea iiaeaeaeiu. Ieaaatho, oeiiay noai?eaie,
?acuneeaatho ?uao, /oiau iaia?oai a ia? aoeaieoueny ino?uie e?th/eaie ia
e?ayo ?aeiaeiee. Anei?a ee/eiea ieacuaaaony aioo?e iaaieueoie iiooiee ia
oaea ?uau. Oai au?anoaao, ieoaynue nieaie ?uau. Iioii iiooieue eiiaaony,
e iieiaeay ?aeooea iaaeaao ia aeii. Oae ?annaeythony iaeiiiaeaeaeiua
?aeooee.

Aeaaiay iniaaiiinoue aeaonoai?/aouo – ionoonoaea aieiaiiai ioaeaea oaea,
a, neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeioee n o??eie. Oaei aeaonoi?iiia-neiiao?e/iia,
niethniooia n aieia; ninoieo ec ooeiaeua e iiae, /aua anaai eiathuae
oi?io eeeia e i?e ?ane?uouo noai?eao ?aeiaeiu auaeaeaathuaeny iaaeaeo
ieie. O i?ee?aie?iiuo iieethneia (ono?eoea) iiae iao.

Oaei iie?uoi iaioeae, eioi?ay i?ee?uaaao aai, naaoeaaynue n aieia a
aeaea neeaaeie. Ia nieiiie noi?iia iia n?anoaaony n oaeii iieethnea.
Ia?aaeei naiaiaeiua e?ay iaioee ia caaeiai eiioea oaea ianoaie
n?anoathony, inoaaeyy ioaa?noey-neoiiu aeey auaiaea e auoiaea aiaeu ec
iaioeeiie iieinoe.

Ii iaaei noi?iiai iiae ?aniieiaeaiu aeaa ieanoei/aoua aeaa?u. AEaa?u, a
oaeaea aioo?aiiyy noi?iia iaioee iie?uou ?anie/eaie, aeaieai eioi?uo
nicaea?ony oie aiaeu /a?ac aaiaeiue (ieaeiee) neoii a iaioeeioth
iieinoue. Aiaea n acaanueth aiaei?ineae, aaeoa?ee i?ioeaaeeaaaony /a?ac
aeaa?u e /a?ac auaiaeiie (aa?oiee), neoii oaeaeyaony ia?oaeo. N
iiaa?oiinoe aeaa? n iiiiuueth niaoeeaeueiuo ?anie/ae ieuaaua /anoeoeu
iai?aaeythony a ?ioiaia ioaa?noea. Oaeei ia?acii, aeaa?u o
aeaonoai?/aouo iieethneia yaeythony ia oieueei i?aaiii aeuoaiey, ii e
oeeueo?othuei ono?ienoaii aeey iooeaaeeaaiey acaaoaiiuo a aiaea ieuaauo
/anoeoe. Oaeie niinia aeiau/e ieue oa?aeoa?ai aeey iaeiiiaeaeaeiuo
i?aaieciia e iacuaaaony oeeueo?aoeeiiiui.

Auaeaeeoaeueiay nenoaia i?aaenoaaeaia ia?iuie ii/eaie.

A nayce n iaeiiiaeaeaeiui ia?acii aeecie, ionoonoaeai aieiau e ianneaiui
niiniaii ieoaiey a ia?aiie nenoaia /enei aaiaeeaa oiaiueoeeinue aei o??o
ia?. I?aaiu /oanoa ?acaeou neaai.

Aeaonoai?/aoua – ?acaeaeueiiiieua aeeaioiua. Iieiaeioai?aiea /aua anaai
ia?oaeiia.

Aaccoaea – oeie/iue i?aaenoaaeoaeue aeaonoai?/aouo iieethneia – iaeoaao
a i?aniuo aiaei?iao ni neaaui oa/aieai. Eiaao oe?ieoth oiieoth ?aeiaeio
ni neaai?acaeoui ia?eaioo?iaui neiai. Noai?ee ?aeiaeiu niaaeeiaiu
oieueei i?e iiiiue yeanoe/iie naycee, coau ionoonoaotho, ionthaea
iacaaiea – aaccoaea. Ieoaaony iee?ineiie/aneeie, acaaoaiiuie a aiaea
?anoeoaeueiuie e aeeaioiuie i?aaieciaie, aaeoa?eyie.

Iieiaua i?aaiu aaccoaie ?aniieiaeaiu a iniiaaiee iiae. Auiaoaiiua naieie
yeoea iiiaaeatho ia nianoaaiiua aeaa?u, aaea iie iieiaeioai?ythony
nia?iie naioea, caian?iiie aianoa n aiaeie a iaioeeioth iieinoue.
?acaeaoeany ee/eiee auiinyony a aiaeo. N iiiiuueth coa/eeia ia e?ayo
?aeiaeiu iie i?ee?aieythony e aeaa?ai eee eiaea ?ua iinea oiai, eae iie
iiiaaeoo ec i?aaiecia naiee iieethnea a aiaeo. Iaeioi?ia a?aiy iie
ieoathony ca n/?o ainiae?iiuo oeaiae ?uau, iiae?anoatho e, auiaa ec
iiooiee ia aeii aiaei?ia, i?iaeieaeatho ?anoe e ?acaeaaoueny. Naiaiaeiua
ee/eiee a aeeciaiiii oeeeea iaeiiiaeaeaeiuo aeeaioiuo iaania/eaatho eo
?annaeaiea.

Cia/aiea aeaonoai?/aouo a i?e?iaea e oicyenoaa aaeeei e ?aciiia?acii.
Ono?eoeu, ieaeee, a?aaaoee eniieuecothony a ieuo. Iineieueeo caianu yoeo
iieethneia enoiuaiu, eo ?acaiaeyo a aieueoeo eiee/anoaao ia ii?neeo
«oa?iao» (niaoeeaeueii iiaeaioiaeaiiua ioiaee e io?aiyaiua io oeuieeia
iaaieueoea aooou, eneonnoaaiiua aiaei?iu).

I?aniiaiaeiua aeaonoai?/aoua iieethnee i/euatho aiaeo i?oaeia e ic??, a
eioi?uo iie iaeoatho. Iyni i?aniiaiaeiuo aeaeia (ia?eiaeoeu, aaccoaee)
eniieuecothony aeey ei?ia naeiae e ooie, a ia?aiieioua ?aeiaeiu
iieethneia – aeey ieia?aeueiie iiaeei?iee iieiaeiyea. Ec ?aeiaei
iieethneia ecaioaaeeaatho ia?eaioo?iaua ecaeaeey – ioaiaeoeu, a?ioe e
ae?.

N ae?aaieo a?ai?i /aeiaae auniei oeaieo aeai/oa e ia?eaioo?, eioi?ue
iieo/atho io aeai/oaeieoe, ii?neeo e i?aniiaiaeiuo. AEai/oaeeia
ia?acoaony, eiaaea a ?aeiaeio aeaonoai?/aouo iieethneia iiiaaeaao
eii?iaeiia ?acae?aaeathuaa oaei – ian/eiea eee yeoei ia?aceoa. Iieethne
ia/eiaao iie?uaaoue a? neiyie ia?eaioo?a. Oa?ee iinoaiaiii ?ano?o.

Aeiau/a aeai/oaeieoe – aeaei ia e?aeia e i/aiue iianiia, oae eae anaaaea
aiciiaeia ano?a/a iu?yeueueea n aeoeaie. Iiuoiue iu?yeueuee iiaeao
i?iauoue iiae aiaeie a oa/aiea ieioou. Iau/ii iinea ianeieueeeo eao
oaeie ?aaiou ii noaiiaeony eiaaeeaeii, oae eae, /oiau aeiauoue
iaiaoiaeeiia /enei ?aeiaei, aio i?eoiaeeony iu?youe 30-40 ?ac a aeaiue.
Naiay e?oiiay aeai/oaeeia a enoi?ee i?eiaaeeaaeaea eniaineiio ei?ieth
Oeeeiio II. Aaneea iia 6.8 a e ?acia?ii ia onooiaea aieoaeiiio yeoeo. E
niaeaeaieth, aeai/oa ia o?aieony aeieueoa 150 eao – ooneiaao e
?annuiaaony. Iiyoiio ciaiaieoua aeai/oaeeiu i?ioeiai ia aeioee aei iaoeo
aeiae. Iiiaea aiaaoua i?aaeaea aeai/oaeiua ioiaee, iai?eia?, o aa?aaia
Eiaeee, iuia iionoioaiu, oae eae nai? iieethneia caeanue aaae?ony oaea
iiiaea noieaoey. Iiyoiio aeai/oaeieoe a iaoa a?aiy ?acaiaeyo
eneonnoaaiii.

Naiue e?oiiue ec aeaonoai?/aouo iieethneia – aeaaioneay o?eaeaeia.
Ciieiae iaoiaeeee iieethneia n ?aeiaeiie aeeeiie 137 ni e aanii 340ea
(ec eioi?uo 331 ea aaneea ?aeiaeia). Aiai?yo, iu?yeueueee eiiaaea
neo/aeii iiiaaeaee iiaie eee ?oeie iaaeaeo noai?ie o?eaeaeiu, iieethne
no?aieoaeueii caoeiiuaae ?aeiaeio, e /aeiaae iiaeaae, ia a neeao
aunaiaiaeeoueny ec oeneia.

N?aaee aeaonoai?/aouo anoue iaiaei aeaeia, iaiinyueo a?aae oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea. Oae, ei?aaaeueiue /a?aue oi/eo aeeeiiua
ecaeeenoua oiaeu a ae?aaaneia, ec-ca /aai auoiaeyo ec no?iy ii?oiaua
nii?oaeaiey, aeieua ei?aaeae. Io ?aeiaeiu o ieo inoaeny eeoue ?oaeeiaio
– yoio-oi ?oaeeiaio e neoaeeo ei naa?eii. Enoi/aiioth /a?a?i aeineo
iiaeii i?ioeiooue iaeueoeai. Aeeeia /a?ay ieiei 2 iao?ia. Iieethne
ae?aennaia i?ee?aieyaony e ?acee/iui aeae?ioaoie/aneei nii?oaeaieyi
(aiaeicaai?iui o?oaai, caueoiui ?ao?oeai), /oi cao?oaeiyao i?ioiae aiaeu
e o?aaoao iinoiyiiie /enoee io ia?anoaiee.

A anoanoaaiiuo aiaei?iao aaeeea ?ieue aeaonoai?/aouo iieethneia eae
aeieiae/aneeo oeeueo?ia, niinianoaothueo naiii/euaieth aiaeu. Iie
yaeythony ecethaeaiiie ieuae i?eoiiiuo ?ua.

A eeanna Aieiaiiiaeo iieethneia – ieiei 650 aeaeia. Aieiaiiiaea – naiua
aunieii?aaieciaaiiua n?aaee iieethneia, naiua «oiiua» n?aaee
aaniicaiii/iuo.

Aeaeaeoony aieiaiiiaea ?aaeoeaiui ia?acii. Ananuaay e n neeie auoaeeeaay
aiaeo, iie neieuecyo a aieiao, oi/ii aeeaua ?aeaou. Ieoathony iie ?uaaie
e i?i/eie ii?neeie iaeoaoaeyie. Aaeyo iie e ae?oa ae?oaa. Ii naiay
no?aiiay i?eau/ea aieiaiiiaeo – iiaaeaoue naieo naay. Eiiaaea
niaea?aeaaoeany a iaaiea inueieiiae aae?oa ia/eiaee naay anoue:
iaeonuaaee ia/enoi uoiaeueoea e oie?aee. Anoue o aieiaiiiaeo e oaeia
«n?aaenoai» aeey nianaiey io a?aaia, eae io?uaaiea eiia/iinoae. Anee
ni?yoaaoaainy a ii?a inueieiiaa iioyiooue ca uoiaeueoea, oi ii ooo aea n
iei ?annoa?ony.

I?e i?eaeeaeaiee iianiinoe aieiaiiiaea aua?anuaatho a aiaeo no?oth
/??iie aeeaeeinoe. «*a?ieea» ?anieuaathony a aiaea, e iiae yoei aonoui
/??iui iaeaeii iieethne aeaaiiieo/ii oaee?aao. Aieiaiiiaea – ianoiyuea
iiaeaiaeiua oaiaeaiiu: iiaoo auno?i iaiyoue oeaao eiaee. Anee ?aciceeoue
inueieiiaa, ii ieaii niaieo na?ue oeaao ia /??iue, a, oniieieaoenue,
niiaa iina?aao.

N?aaee iaeaieaa i?inoi ono?iaiiuo aieiaiiiaeo – iaooeeonu, eee
aeai/oaeiua ei?aaeeee. O iaooeeonia a ioee/ea io aieueoeinoaa
aieiaiiiaeo anoue iiiaieaia?iay ?aeiaeia. Iiae?anoay, iieethne
auno?aeaaao naaa an? aieaa i?inoi?iua eaia?u e naeeony eaaeaeue ?ac a
iineaaeiae, iaeaieueoae. Iaiieiyy inoaeueiua eaia?u aiaeie eee
aicaeooii, ii iiaeao anieuaaoue eee iioneaoueny ia aeii. Ec ?aeiaei
aeai/oaeiuo ei?aaeeeia aeaeatho oe?aoaiey, ioaiaeoeu.

E io?yaeo inueieiiaia ioiinyony aeeaioiua n ainaiueth uoiaeueoeaie.
Iaeia ec i?eia/aoaeueiuo /a?o iaueiiaaiiuo inueieiiaia –
naiiioaa?aeaiiay caaioa i iioiinoaa. Naiea inueieiiaa aaeeoaeueii
io?aiyao ioeiaeaiiua yeoea.

Ea?aeaoeoea aoeaaeueii inoaaeea neaae a /aeiaa/aneie eoeueoo?a. Aaaeue
aeieaia a?aiy ethaee ienaee a? /a?ieeaie. Ia iaiaa oeaieony e ciaiaieoay
«einoue» (inoaoie ?aeiaeiu) ea?aeaoeoeu, eioi?oth niae?atho ia aa?aao
ii?y. Iia i?eiaiyaony eae /a?o?aeiue eanoee, a eciaeue/?iiii aeaea – eae
aeiaaaea e coaiiio ii?ioeo, a oaeaea eaea?noai.

Eaeueia?u oiatho ia oieueei i?ae?anii ieaaaoue, ii e iaieioi… eaoaoue.
Aueaoatho ec aiaeu iie, /oiau ianoe/ue aeiau/o eee nianoenue io a?aaia.
Aeeeia eaoathueo eaeueia?ia iaaaeeea – ieiei 20 ni. aeoaieiaiaeiua
eaeueia?u ii?aaeatho neiaeiui ono?ienoaii e aaee/eiie naieo aeac. O
iaeioi?uo ec ieo iie aeinoeaatho 40 ni a aeeaiao?a. Eaeueia?u caaeatho
iaiaei caaaaeie o/?iui. Aaeaie ia oie?atho eaaaiaeu i aeeaoueo a ii?neeo
aeoaeiao eaeueia?ao-eieinnao, iaaei neacaoue ia aiieia eeo?iiua
iniiaaiey, oae eae naiua e?oiiua iieethnee – aeaaioneea eaeueia?u ?iaea
a?oeoaooen au?anoatho eiiaaea aei 17 iao?ia a aeeeio e aanyo aei 2 oiii.

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