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Критерии естественно-научного познания

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IEIENOA?NOAI IA?ACIAAIEss E IAOEE ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE

Iaaa?aaeiua *aeiu EYO e I

?aoa?aoeaiay ?aaioa ii i?aaeiaoo

Eiioeaioeee nia?aiaiiiai anoanoaiciaiey

Oaia: «E?eoa?ee anoanoaaiii-iao/iiai iiciaiey»

?aaioo auiieiee: nooaeaio 564 a?. oaeoeueoao iaiaaeaeiaioa

?ycaiia E.I.

I?iaa?ee: Eaoaiia ?.E.

Iaaa?aaeiua *aeiu, 2006 a.

NIAeA?AEAIEA

AAAAeAIEA………………………………………………….……..………………3

1. Aioeiao/iua oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey ie?a……………….……………..……..4

2. Anoanoaiciaiea e i?aanoaaiiinoue……………………………………………11

3. ?aoeeiiaeueiay e ?aaeueiay ea?oeia ie?a a oi?ie?iaaiee
ie?iaicc?aiey……………………………………………………………………17

CAEETH*AIEA…………………………………………………………………..22

NIENIE ENIIEUeCIAAIIIE EEOA?AOO?U……………………………..25

AAAAeAIEA

N oa/aieai a?aiaie e, iniaaiii a eiioea iineaaeiaai noieaoey
iaaethaeaaony eciaiaiea ooieoeee iaoee e a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue —
anoanoaiciaiey. Anee ?aiueoa iniiaiay ooieoeey iaoee caeeth/aeanue a
iienaiee, nenoaiaoecaoeee e iauyniaiee enneaaeoaiuo iauaeoia, oi nae/an
iaoea noaiiaeony iaiouaieaiie /anoueth i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
/aeiaaea, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai nia?aiaiiia i?iecaiaenoai — aoaeue oi
auione neiaeiaeoae einie/aneie oaoieee, nia?aiaiiuo noia?- e
ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia eee aunieiea/anoaaiiie aoaeei- e
aeaeaiaiia?aoo?u — i?eia?aoaao iaoeiaieee oa?aeoa?. I?ienoiaeeo
n?aueaaiea iao/iie e i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, a
eoiaa iiyaeythony e?oiiua iao/ii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiua iauaaeeiaiey —
iaaeio?aneaaua iao/ii-oaoie/aneea eiiieaenu “iaoea — oaoieea —
i?iecaiaenoai”, a eioi?uo iaoea i?eiaaeeaaeeo aaaeouay ?ieue. Eiaiii a
oaeeo eiiieaenao auee nicaeaiu ia?aua einie/aneea nenoaiu, ia?aua
aoiiiua yeaeo?inoaioeee e iiiaia ae?oaia, /oi i?eiyoi n/eoaoue
iaeaunoeie aeinoeaeaieyie iaoee e oaoieee.

A iaaeaeaeii i?ioeii anoanoaiciaiea n/eoaeinue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiie neeie.
Oioy iii e ia i?iecaiaeeo iaiin?aaenoaaiii iaoa?eaeueioth i?iaeoeoeeth,
ii i/aaeaeii, /oi a iniiaa i?iecaiaenoaa ethaie i?iaeoeoeee eaaeao
anoanoaaiii-iao/iua ?ac?aaioee. A iineaaeiaa a?aiy anoanoaaiii-iao/iua
ciaiey i?eiyoi n/eoaoue aaciaui ?ano?nii yeiiiieee, ii naiae cia/eiinoe
i?aainoiaeyuei o?aaeeoeeiiiua eaieoae, ?aai/oth neeo e iaoa?eaeueiua
?ano?nu. I?e oaeie ioeaiea i?eieiatho ai aieiaiea ia noieueei eiia/ioth
i?iaeoeoeeth oiai eee eiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, neieueei anoanoaaiii-iao/ioth
eioi?iaoeeth, ia aaca eioi?ie i?aaiecoaony e ?aaeecoaony i?iecaiaenoai
iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae.

Oeaeueth aeaiiie ?aaiou yaeyaony eco/aiea ?acee/iuo aeaeia e?eoa?ee
anoanoaaiii-iao/iiai iiciaiey e oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey ie?a.

1. Aioeiao/iua oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey ie?a

N oao ii? eae /aeiaa/anoai ia?aei niiniaiinoue eceaaaoue iunee e
ia?aaeaaaoue iiuo iiciaiey ie?oaeathuaai ie?a, iaaeaeo ciaieai e
iaciaieai ia?aciaaeanue i?iiaaeooi/iay iaeanoue, a eioi?ie anaaaea
iaoiaeeeinue ianoi aeey iienaiey caaaaei/iuo aeaenoaee eieaeoiia,
i?aaeneacaiee ano?ieiaia, iaiiiciaiiuo eaoathueo iauaeoia (IEI) e
iiiaiai ae?oaiai, /oi ninoaaeyao i?aaeiao «aeueoa?iaoeaiie iaoee». A
iaoa a?aiy, eiaaea ?inney e no?aiu auaoaai Niaaoneiai Nithca
ia?aaeeaatho aeoaieee yeiiiie/aneee e?ecen, caoeanoioaoee iaoeo, eiaaea
nouanoaaiii nie?aoeeinue oeiaine?iaaiea iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee, ?acei
oiaiueoeeenue oe?aaee iao/iuo, o/aaiuo e iao/ii-iiioey?iuo ecaeaiee,
eiaaea iao n?aaenoa ia i?eia?aoaiea iao/iuo aeo?iaeia e eiea,
iaaethaeaaony iaauaaeue ?ino ioaeeeaoeee (ia oieueei a aacaoao, ii
ia?aaeei e a iao/iuo ecaeaieyo) i eieaeoiao, ano?ieiaao, ia?aineoieiaao,
IEI e o.i., o.a. iiyaeeny iiuiue iioie inaaaeiiao/iie eioi?iaoeee.
Cia/eoaeueii aic?in eioa?an e naa?ouanoanoaaiiiio, e io?eoeaieth
caaiaaaiee ?acoia e ei iiiaeanoao iaaaoeaiuo i?iyaeaiee
e??aoeeiiaeueiinoe e ienoeoeecia. Oaeea neiioiiu — oa?aeoa?iua i?eciaee
iauanoaa n iacaei?iaie yeiiiieeie — oeacuaatho ia aanueia iianiua
ono?aieaiey a iauanoaa, eioi?ia aei iaaeaaiaai a?aiaie n/eoaei naay
i?eaa?aeaiiui iaoea, ?aoeeiiaeueiui e eae au iniiaaiiii ia «iao/iuo»
i?eioeeiao.[3, n.37]

Ia iooe anoanoaaiii-iao/iiai iiciaiey caeiiia e yaeaiee i?e?iaeu
aiciiaeiu aeaa ioeai/iuo iiaeoiaea. A ia?aii ec ieo io?eoeaaony ana
?aiaa ecaanoiia e i?aaeeaaathony iiaua oai?ee, eioi?ua, ii iiaieth eo
aaoi?ia, niiniaiu iaeaieaa iieii e i?aaeeueii iienaoue enneaaeoaiue
iauaeo. N oaeei iiaeoiaeii a?yae ee iiaeii iieiinoueth niaeaneoueny: a
i?ioeanna ?acaeoey iaoee, eae i?aaeei, ioaa?aaaony e caiaiyaony /ai-oi
iiaui aeaeaei ia ana. Iau/ioth nenoaio iao/iuo iiiyoee ?anoe?ytho,
auaeaeaatho aieaa iauea oai?ee. I?e yoii iiae?acoiaaaaony: ana oi, /oi
iu ciaee ?aiueoa, — oieueei /anoue oiai, /oi iu ciaai oaia?ue. Iai?eia?,
eeanne/aneay iaoaieea Iuethoiia aa?ia, ii oieueei aeey nei?inoae,
cia/eoaeueii iaiueoeo nei?inoe naaoa a aaeooia. Oaeei ia?acii, aa ianoi
ooi/iaii, ii iia ia ioaa?aiooa, ia aua?ioaia, ia caauoa e ia iauyaeaia
oa?eaoainoaii.

Ai aoi?ii ioeai/iii iiaeoiaea e iiciaieth caeiiia ie?oaeathuaai ie?a iao
iieiiai io?eoeaiey oiai, /oi ecaanoii, iaeiaei i?aaeeaaaaiua eaeae
?anniao?eaathony a niaa?oaiii ae?oaie ieineinoe. I?aeiouanoaaiii oaeie
iiaeoiae e i?eaiaeeo e inaaaeiiao/iui oaiaeaioeeyi, eioi?ua
aeoeaece?othony a iineaaeiaa a?aiy e yaeythony iaeiei ec iiiaeo
neaaenoaee /oanoaa aacunoiaeiinoe e ?aci/a?iaaiiinoe ethaeae ai anai
i?ienoiaeyuai.

Iaoea e aioeiao/iua oaiaeaioeee ninouanoaotho n ae?aaieo a?aiai. Iaoea n
oao ii? iaociaaaaii eciaieeanue: ioe?uou iiaua caeiiu, iiyaeeinue
iiiaeanoai iaoiaeia e oai?ee, iiaeoaa?aeaeathueony i?aeoeeie, a
ieieiiao/iua i?aaenoaaeaiey inoaeenue ia i?aaeiai o?iaia. [3, n.38]

Aeaaiaeaoiay ii/aa aeey ieieiiao/iuo i?aaenoaaeaiee aicieeaao e a oii
neo/aa, eiaaea aeiioaca i?eieiaaony ca enoeiioth oai?eth, eioi?ay yeiau
eaaei aeieacuaaaony yenia?eiaioii, iiea aua ieeai ia i?iaaaeaiiui.
I?e/ai ia?aaeei iaaethaeaaony i?aiaa?aaeaiea yenia?eiaioaeueiui
aeieacaoaeuenoaii eeai i?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi aai aeieaeai i?iaanoe eoi-oi
ae?oaie. E caeanue iaeuecy ia niaeaneoueny n iaiaoeeei ienaoaeai e
oeeinioii E. A?oa (1749—1832): «Aeiioaca ioaeia, eae ioaeiu eana aeey
iino?ieee caeaiee, ii ieioi, anee eana i?eieiathony ca iino?iaiiia
caeaiea».

Aioeiaoeo (inaaaeiiaoeo) iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue eae iaeanoue
aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay i?e iiaa?oiinoiii acaeyaea eiaao noiaenoai n
iaoeie, ii i?eioeeieaeueii ioee/aaony io iaa aioo?aiiei niaea?aeaieai e
noa?ie i?eeiaeaiey. A /anoiinoe, iia ia yaeyaony n?aaenoaii
anoanoaaiii-iao/iiai iiciaiey e ia nicaeaao aacu aeey ?acaeoey
oaoiieiaee. Inaaaeiiaoea no?aieony auoue iioiaeae ia iaoeo, iia
ianee?oaony iiae iaa, ii ?aoaao a iauanoaa ae?oaoth, ineoieiae/aneoth
caaea/o.

A aioeiaoea iiaeii auaeaeeoue ianeieueei iai?aaeaiee. Iaeii ec ieo
?ann/eoaii ia iieo/aiea aeaiaa e ii/aoa io ainoaea?noaa e naycaii /aua
anaai n ?ac?aaioeie «naa?oi?oaeey». I?aaeeaaathony caiai/eaua eaeae:
iai?eia?, ii?aaeaiea ?aeao i?ioeaieea «ieaciaiiuie naonoeaie», nicaeaiea
«ieii a aoiinoa?a, /a?ac eioi?ua i?yiia einie/aneia eceo/aiea auaeeaaao
ana aeeaia ia iiaa?oiinoe» (yoi ia oooea, a oi/iay oeeoaoa) e o.i.
Iiaeiaiua eaeae oniaoii eniieueciaaeenue aeey auea/eaaiey aeaiaa ec
athaeaeaoa, iniaaiii a niaaoneia a?aiy. *oi-oi iiaeiaiia auei e a
ae?oaeo no?aiao. I?aaaea, nenoaia iacaaeneiie yenia?oecu e iaiueoay
ei??oiie?iaaiiinoue a caiaaeiuo no?aiao iaoaee ?acaeaaoueny aeaiiiio
iai?aaeaieth inaaaeiiaoee. [3, n.39]

Ae?oaia aioeiao/iia iai?aaeaiea i?eaioe?iaaiii a iniiaiii ia
oaeiaeaoai?aiea nianoaaiiuo aiaeoeee e ioaaouaaao ?aoaiea iaeaieaa
neiaeiuo, ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo e aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai: auyniaiea i?e?iaeu
a?aaeoaoeee, aeieacaoaeuenoai oai?aiu Oa?ia, o?enaeoeey oaea,
eaaae?aoo?a e?oaa e aa/iue aeaeaaoaeue, auyniaiea no?iaiey Anaeaiiie e
o.ae. A ioee/ea io i?aaeuaeoueo iiaeiaiua eaeae ia noiyo ii/oe ie/aai,
?acaa /oi aeaiaa ia eo ioaeeeaoeeth. A yoii neo/aa a ea/anoaa
iinoaaeaiiie caaea/e aunooiatho e ?aaeueii nouanoaothuay ia?aoaiiay
caaea/a, e oaea ?aoaiiay (iiaeii eneaoue i?inoia, «iiiyoiia» ?aoaiea), e
caaea/a, iaaiciiaeiinoue ?aoaiey eioi?ie oaea aeieacaia, e iaeiiaoe,
caaea/a, noi?ioee?iaaiiay oae ia/aoei, /oi iia ia iiaeao auoue iacaaia
ei??aeoiie caaea/ae.

Anoue a aioeiaoea e iai?aaeaiea, ?ann/eoaiiia ia eiiia?/aneee oniao e
naycaiiia ni caei?iaueai /aeiaaea, iiiai/eneaiiuie niaa?oaiii iiauie e
aanueia yooaeoeaiuie niiniaaie auno?iai e aaniethoii aaciianiiai
ea/aiey. I?aaeeaaathony iaaeeoeeineea oneoae ii ea/aieth oyaeaeuo
aieaciae (?ae, ia?eiiaiey e ae?.), ii ecaaaeaieth io eeoiaai aana, ii
i?aaeioa?auaieth iaeunaiey e o.ae., i?e eioi?uo /aeiaae iaaeiaieai naiei
aiaoiei aeaeii. Iiaeiaiay inaaaeiiao/iay aeayoaeueiinoue ia?aceoe?oao ia
anoanoaaiiii aeey eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea aeaeaiee auoue caei?iaui e a aai
iiieiaiee i?eaeaeaoaeueiui. Aeey i?eaeaiey oaaaeeoaeueiinoe iau/ii
i?eaeaeaaony oece/aneay oa?ieiieiaey — iai?eia?, iaaieoiia iiea, neeiaua
eeiee e o.i. Aaaeoony ?annoaeaeaiey i oii, a eaeeo ianoao ec aeiia
auoiaeyo neeiaua eeiee. Oaaaeaeathuea eniieuecotho aeey iaoeiia?acey
iao/iua oa?ieiu, ni?aaaaeeeai iieaaay, /oi oeieueiue o/aaiee oeceee oaea
caauo e ia iineaaeoao aic?aaeaiee i oii, /oi neeiaay eeiey ia iiaeao
«auoue» a iaeiii ianoa eiiiaou e «ia auoue» ?yaeii. Iau/iue i?eai —
niciaoaeueiia niaoeaaiea auoiaiai e iao/iiai ycueia.

Aaaeiay /anoue yoie noa?u inaaaeiiao/iie aeayoaeueiinoe — ecaeaiea
iiiaeanoaa eiea i niiniaao noaoue caei?iaaa, iieiaea, e?aneaaa, ?aoeoue
n?aco ana i?iaeaiu, i o?aoueai aeaca, i oii, eae iaiiaaiii niaa?oeoue
iooaoanoaea ai Anaeaiioth, i oii, eae — ii ia?eaeeaiai eee ia?aeeaeyi
iaaei ?aniieaaaoue e?iaaoe e o. i. Ecaeaiea iiaeiaiie eeoa?aoo?u
i?eiineo iaiaeua aeioiaeu. ?acaeoeth oaeie aeayoaeueiinoe, iniaaiii a
iaoae no?aia, niinianoaotho iaiainiiaaiiua ooaa?aeaeaiey: ana e?oaii
io?aaeaii — e aicaeoo, e aiaea, e ana i?iaeoeou. ?ani?ino?aiaiea
inaaaeiiaaeeoeeiu (aioeiaaeeoeeiu) a no?aiao Caiaaea ia?aie/eaaaony
io?aaioaiiie nenoaiie na?oeoeeaoeee iaaeeoeeineeo oneoa — ainoaea?noai
caueuaao a?aaeaeai. Ii oaeay nenoaia — ?acoeueoao aeeeoaeueiiai ?acaeoey
aeaiie?aoe/aneiai iauanoaa e iauaai iiieiaiey iineaaenoaee
inaaaeiiao/iuo oneoa. [3, n.40]

A iaeioi?uo neo/ayo ciaiey caiaiythony /ai-oi ae?oaei, /oi ii oi?ia eo
iaiiieiaao, e oai naiui iio?aaeoaee (iauanoai, iioaioeeaeueiue caeac/ee,
aeo?iaeenou, /eoaoaee aacao e ae?.) aaiaeyony a caaeoaeaeaiea. Iau/ii
/oi-oi ae?oaia — yoi iaoeiia?aciua ?annoaeaeaiey n i?eiaiaieai iao/iie
oa?ieiieiaee e iiiai/eneaiiuo nnueie ia iiaiea aeaaeaieeia, yenia?oia,
nae?aoiua aeieeaaeu Oe?O, EAA e o.ae. I?e yoii i?iyaeyaony aeoeaiia
aeaeaiea aunooiaoue ni naieie eaeayie a aacaoao e aeo?iaeao, ia
naycaiiuo n iaoeie, i?aaeeaaaaony nicaeaaaoue iiaua einoeooou e oeaio?u,
i?eieiaoue iiaua noaiaea?ou.

Ianeieueei ae?oaay neooaoeey, eiaaea /aeiaae aioia ?aaioaoue, iai?eia?,
no?ieoue iiaeaee aa/iiai aeaeaaoaey, a ia o/eoueny. Iau/ii o iaai iao
aeaeaiey e niiniaiinoae iieo/aoue iiaia ciaiea a iaeanoe anoanoaaiiuo
iaoe. Iiyoiio, eae e a i?aaeuaeouai neo/aa, ii caieiaaony iaoeiia?aciuie
?annoaeaeaieyie n eniieueciaaieai iao/iie oa?ieiieiaee. Oaeie
«o/aiue-naiio/ea» ?aaea aunooiaao a i?anna, iaeiaei ioioyueany ca
nainaoeeyie aeo?iaeenou naie aai ?acuneeaatho, e a i?anna iiyaeyaony
niiauaiea: a eaeii-oi naiii caa?ioaiiii na?aa ia i?eciaiiue aunieiia?iie
ioeoeeaeueiie iaoeie «aaieaeueiue ecia?aoaoaeue» nicaeae naie aa/iue
aeaeaaoaeue, i eioi?ii e ?anneacae ei??aniiiaeaioo. Ai?i/ai, eiiaaea
oaeea caiaoee ni/eiythony, ia auoiaey ec ?aaeaeoeee.

A neiaeic n aioeiaoeie anooiatho aacaou e aeo?iaeu, ecaeaoaee e aaoi?u
eiea, ?anneacuaathuea i eaaeoe?othueo eyaooeao e i oii, eae aeeoue
iaiaaeaiiui a oaeaa e /oi ioaeii naeaeaoue, /oiau ieuo i?eiineee
aaei/ee. Eiiaaea a iiaeiaiii niae?oaeanoaa ieacuaathony iaeioi?ua
/eiiaieee, ?ani?aaeaeythuea athaeaeaoiua n?aaenoaa e i?yii eee einaaiii
iaoiaeyueany «a aeiea» n iieo/aoaeyie aeaiaa. Auaatho neo/ae, eiaaea
noi?iiieeaie aioeiaoee noaiiayony iieeoeee. Eae ecaanoii ec
ioa/anoaaiiie enoi?ee, a iaeioi?uo iao/iuo aeeneonneyo i?eieiaei o/anoea
ainoaea?noai (ai?ueaa n aaiaoeeie, niaeoeyoeee a iaeanoe ycueiciaiey e
enoi?ee e o.i.). Ainoaea?noai iieueciaaeinue i?e yoii naieie
niaoeeoe/aneeie a?aoiaioaie — eaaa?yie e oth?ueiaie. Inoaaony
iaaeayoueny, /oi ana yoi inoaeinue a i?ioeii, iaeiaei neaaeoao iiiieoue
ia iianiii i?eciaea i?eaeeaeaiey iiaeiaiie neooaoeee — eiaaea
«ia?aciaaiiua» iieeoeee ia/eiatho aeoeaii aiaoeaaoueny a noaoai iao/iua
aeaea. [3, n.40]

Aeaaiua iio?aaeoaee i?iaeoeoeee aioeiaoee — ainoaea?noai (aeey i?iaeoia
/oaei-i?oaeey) e a?aaeaeaia (aeey aieoaaiuo eaea?noa e eeoa?aoo?u ia
inaaaeiiao/iua oaiu). *oi oieeaao /aeiaaea a iauyoey eieaeoiia a
o?aoueai iieieaiee, niaoeeaeenoia ii ioai?ioo e i?eai?ioo,
aa?aioe?othueo oniao a 500% neo/aaa (yoi ia oooea, oae a iaeiie aacaoa e
auei iaienaii)? Yoi, i?aaeaea anaai ee/iua e iauanoaaiiua iaoaea/e.
*aeiaae a oaeie neooaoeee /aua anaai ia?auaaony e aioeiaoea, e ienoeea.
Eae iieacuaatho nioeeieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey, naaiaeiy ii noaiaie
eioa?ana e aioeiaoea ?inney caieiaao iaeii ec ia?auo iano a ie?a,
aeaeaei iaiaiaa no?aiu Caiaaea.

Ai ana a?aiaia aioeiaoea eiaea naieo noi?iiieeia e caueoieeia. Iaeei ec
a?aoiaioia caueoieeia aioeiaoee: iaeioi?ua oai?ee, eioi?ua nae/an
n/eoathony inaaaeiiao/iuie, a naia a?aiy ioiineeenue e iaoea. Iau/iua
i?eia?u — oai?ee oaiei?iaea e yieoeeeeia, iicaieeaoea iieo/aoue
i?iaa?yaiua neaaenoaey. Iaeiaei neaaeoao ooi/ieoue, /oi oai?ee,
ioaa?aiooua iaoeie, ia auee a naia a?aiy inaaaeiiao/iuie — iie ia
aoiaeeee a i?ioeai?a/ea n aeinoeaiooui ia oio iiiaio o?iaiai ciaiee, ia
eniieueciaaee «o/aiua neiaa» aac iiieiaiey eo niunea, ia auaeaeaaeenue
aeeeaoaioaie. Oi, /oi ni a?aiaiai auee iino?iaiu ae?oaea oai?ee,
iauynieaoea aieueoaa eiee/anoai oaeoia, — ii?iaeueiue iao/iue i?ioeann.

Ae?oaie a?aoiaio i?ioeaiiieiaeiue — ethaay iiaay oai?ey i?eieiaeanue ia
n?aco, nia/aea aa n/eoaee aioeiaoeie, a iaeaieaa ?aaiethoeeiiiua —
iai?eia? oai?ey ioiineoaeueiinoe — caaiaaaee i?eciaiea i/aiue ia nei?i.
Oaeie a?aoiaio oiaea iaaa?ai. Iiaua oai?ee, auaeaeiooua a ?aieao iaoee,
ia eiatho i?eciaeia aioeiaoee e ia n/eoathony ath. Eiia/ii, anee
iieiaeaiea iiauo oai?ee auaeyaeeo iai?eau/ii, oi aeey eo oe?ieiai
i?eciaiey ioaeiu aeinoaoi/ii aaniiua iniiaaiey — i?aaeneacaiiua
?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioia e eo iauyniaiea.

Anoue ee a?aae io aioeiaoee? I?yiiai a?aaea, ai?i/ai, iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai
io aa?u a IEI e ?anoaiey, /oanoaothuea ia ?annoiyiee, /oi eo nia?aeenue
ni?aaoue, iao. Ooaea ae?oaia — /aeiaae, i?eo/eaoeeny ana aini?eieiaoue
iae?eoe/anee, ioo/eaoenue aeoiaoue, noaiiaeony eaaeie aeiau/ae any/aneeo
aeoeeeia, o.a. oao, eioi?ua iaauatho naeaeaoue ianiaoiua aeaiueae i?yii
ec aicaeooa, iino?ieoue caao?a ?ae ia caiea e ?aoeoue ana i?iaeaiu, e
oao, eioi?ua aa?oony ca o?eaeoeaoue /ania iao/eoue anaio — oioue
eiino?aiiiio ycueo, oioue ea?aoy. [3, n.41]

Iaiin?aaenoaaiiue a?aae i?eiineo inaaaeiiaaeeoeeia (aioeiaaeeoeeia).
Oao, eiai ea/eee ciaoa?e, «neeueiaeoea eieaeoiu», «iaaeno?u e aiinoieu
/a?iie e aaeie iaaee» e «iioiinoaaiiua ai?iaeae», iau/ii a?a/e nianoe
oaea ia iiaoo. Eiiaaea aiai?yo, /oi ciaoa?e e eieaeoiu ecea/eaatho iooai
aiooaiey, aeiiica e o.ae. ?acoiaaony, yoi aiciiaeii, ii eeoue anee
aieacie naycaiu n ineoeeie eeai eiatho iaeiia?aiaiii ineoe/aneoth e
niiaoe/aneoth i?e/eiu. Iiyoiio aiooaieai aeinoeaaaony /aua anaai
e?aoeia?aiaiiia oeo/oaiea, a aieaciue eaeao naiei /a?aaeii.

A anoanoaiciaiee eiiaaea auaaao oae, /oi iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou
ecia?aiee ia aienuaathony a ?aiee noa?ie oai?ee. Aii?in a oii, a ?aiee
eaeie oai?ee iie ia aienuaathony. Anee ?a/ue eaeao, iai?eia?, i
iaiau/iuo iaaieoiuo naienoaao eee iaiau/ii ieceii nii?ioeaeaiee
ea?aie/aneiai ia?acoea, ecaioiaeaiiiai ec ieneaeia iaaee e eaioaia, oi
yoi no?aiii (iu i?eaueee, /oi ea?aieea — yoi aeeyeaeo?ee) e iaaei au
?acia?aoueny ouaoaeueii e ia?aia?eoue naiue ?ac. Ii caoi oio, eoi
?acia?aeny (a ia i?ioae ieii), ioe?ue aunieioaiia?aoo?ioth
naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoue. Iaiaeeaeaiiinoe a iaoea auaatho. Aieaa oiai, a
iaiaeeaeaiiuo ?acoeueoaoao anoue iniaay i?aeanoue — e eo aeinoeaeaieth
anaaaea no?aiyony.

2. Anoanoaiciaiea e i?aanoaaiiinoue

?acaeoea anoanoaiciaiey, iaoee aiiaua e naia aeeciue iauanoaa
ioaeaeathony a o?aaoee?iaaiee iiaaaeaiey e aeaenoaee ethaeae
iin?aaenoaii ia oieueei i?aaiauo, ii e i?aanoaaiiuo ii?i. Nouanoaotho
iiiai/eneaiiua e iiiaia?aiiua acaeiinayce anoanoaiciaiey e
i?aanoaaiiinoe eae nenoaiu nioeeaeueiuo ii?i, ?aaoee?othueo iiaaaeaiea
ethaeae e iai?aaeaiiuo ia nio?aiaiea e ?acaeoea iauanoaa.
O/aiue-anoanoaieniuoaoaeue, eae e ethaie /aeiaae, eniuouaaao aeaieiie
eiio?ieue: aiaoiee — ni noi?iiu ainoaea?noaa, nioeeaeueiie a?oiiu,
iauanoaa e aioo?aiiee — iniiaaiiue ia ?acaeoii /oanoaa ioaaonoaaiiinoe,
niaanoe e i?aanoaaiiii eaeaaea. *aeiaa/anoai auaeaeaaei ?aciua
i?aanoaaiiua eaeaaeu: aa?iiie/aneia aaeeinoai iiiaiia?aciuo eioa?ania
ethaeae, aaeeinoai ee/iiai e iauanoaaiiiai, oea?noai ni?aaaaeeeainoe,
aeia?a, i?aaaeu e e?aniou. Iie eciaiyeenue, iaiaauaeenue iiuoii aeecie.
Ia?yaeo n i?aaii a ethaii iauanoaa aeaenoaotho oae iacuaaaiua «iaienaiua
caeiiu», eioi?ua eaaeao a iniiaa i?aaee i?aanoaaiiinoe — ii?aee. [3,
n.42]

Anoanoaiciaiea, eae e any iaoea a oeaeii, ieacuaaao neeueiia aeeyiea ia
ii?aeue, eniuouaay ia naaa ia?aoiia aicaeaenoaea. Iauanoai ia iiaeao ia
ia?aie/eaaoue iao/iue iiene, anee nai iiene eee aai ?acoeueoaou
i?ioeai?a/ao ii?iai i?aanoaaiiinoe eee neiaeeaoeiny i?aaenoaaeaieyi i
aoiaiiinoe. Aii?in, iiaeii ee cai?aoeoue iinoeaeaiea enoeiu ai eiy
nianaiey ii?aee, ioaaoa ia eiaao. I?ei?eoao enoeiu ia?aae ii?aeueth
eiiaaea iniiauaaaony ia i?inoii n?aaiaiee: ii?aeue ioiineoaeueia e
eciai/eaa, a enoeia aaniethoia e aa/ia. Iaeiaei ni?aaaaeeeainoue oaeiai
aeiaiaea aanueia niiieoaeueia. Ai-ia?auo, ethaay enoeia, a oii /enea e
anoanoaaiii-iao/iay, anaaaea ioiineoaeueia a neeo iauaeoeaiuo e
noauaeoeaiuo i?e/ei. Ai-aoi?uo, ia anyeay enoeia ioaeia ethaeyi, i /ai
oi?ioi neacae iaiaoeeee oeeinio Oiiaiaaoy?: «Au i?aaiciineoa
aeinoiaa?iinoue e oi/iinoue iaoaiaoeee, ii ca/ai iia n aeinoiaa?iinoueth
ciaoue oi, /oi iia ciaoue ia ioaeii?»

Aei neo ii? oae eee eia/a noaayony iiae niiiaiea eee ia?aie/eaathony
iaeioi?ua yoiia?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey, yenia?eiaiou iaae /aeiaa/aneeie
ca?iaeuoaie e iiiaia ae?oaia. I?iaeieaeatho aoioiaaoue i?ioeaieee
aeaenaeoeee — iia?aoeee ia aeeaii aeeaioiii n oeaeueth eco/aiey ooieoeee
i?aaiecia, aeaenoaey ia iaai ?acee/iuo i?aia?aoia, ?ac?aaioee iiauo
iaoiaeia ea/aiey e o.i. Aei neo ii? nii?yo, i?aanoaaiia ee ia?anaaeea
i?aaiia.

Inoaaony nii?iie i?aaiia?iinoue aaaaieee — o/aiey i ianeaaenoaaiiii
caei?iauea /aeiaaea e iooyo aai oeo/oaiey. I?ia?anneaiua o/aiua noaaeee
ia?aae aaaaieeie aiieia aoiaiiua oeaee. Eo iaia?aiey auee aeaaeie.
Iaeiaei eaeae aaaaieee eniieueciaaeenue e aeey ii?aaaeaiey ?anecia.
Iaeioi?ua i?iaeaiu aaaaieee, a /anoiinoe ea/aiea ianeaaenoaaiiuo
caaieaaaiee, a iineaaeiaa a?aiy o/aiua iuoathony ?aoeoue n i?eiaiaieai
aaiiuo oaoiieiaee e iaoiaeia iaaeeoeeineie aaiaoeee. A nayce n yoei e
iniaaiii n i?iaaaeaiiuie yenia?eiaioaie ii eeiie?iaaieth ieaeiieoathueo
eioa?an e aaaaieea aic?in. [3, n.43]

Nicaeaoaee aaaaieee enoiaeeee ec oiai, /oi ana ethaee ianiaa?oaiiu. Oaea
a ?aiiai aic?anoa iiaeii caiaoeoue — iaeie aeaoe iaea?aiu caei?iaueai,
ii i?e?iaea «ioaeioioea» ia eioaeeaeoa, ae?oaea ia iiaoo iioaanoaoueny
oece/aneie e?anioie e e?aiinoueth, ii iia?aaeatho naa?noieeia a
oinoaaiiii ?acaeoee, o?aouee — oi?ioi oniaaatho e a oeiea, e a
nii?oeaiie naeoeee, ii aio oa?aeoa? ia naoa?… E oaeei eiiaeiaoeeyi iao
/enea. Yoa caeiiiia?iinoue iaoea io?aaeaiea aeaaea a iineiaeoeao e
iiaiai?eao («Neea anoue — oia ia iaaei» e o.i.). A neacie i aeoiuo
e?anaaeoeao e oiiuo aeo?iooeao i?inoi ia n/anoue. Iiyoiio /aeiaae,
ni/aoathuee a naaa e e?anioo, e neeo, e eioaeeaeo, e i?aanoaaiiinoue,
eaaeaony eaeei-oi /oaeii i?e?iaeu. O ie?oaeathueo oaeea ethaee aucuaatho
?aciua /oanoaa — o eiai ainoeuaiea, a o eiai e caaenoue. A aio o/aiua
oaea iiiai eao iacaae noaee caaeoiuaaoueny iaae oai, eae e a neeo eaeeo
i?e/ei iiyaeythony ia naao oaeea ?aaeeea, ananoi?iiia iaea?aiiua ethaee.
E iaeuecy ee naeaeaoue oae, /oiau eo a /aeiaa/aneii iauanoaa
noaiiaeeinue ana aieueoa e aieueoa? Eae eciaieeanue au aeeciue aie?oa…

Ia?aue, eoi iinoaaee ia?aae niaie yoio aii?in, aue aiaeeeneee ineoieia e
aio?iiieia O?yinen Aaeueoii (1822—1911), aeaith?iaeiue a?ao *a?eca
Aea?aeia (1809—1882). A?enoie?ao ii i?ienoiaeaeaieth, Aaeueoii caiyeny
eco/aieai ?iaeineiaiuo i?ineaaeaiiuo a?enoie?aoe/aneeo naiaenoa Aiaeee.
Aai caaea/a auea ie/ooue ia i?iua iieneia oeeinioneiai eaiiy — ii
iuoaeny onoaiiaeoue caeiiiia?iinoe ianeaaeiaaiey oaeaioa,
eioaeeaeooaeueiie iaea?aiiinoe, oece/aneiai niaa?oainoaa. Aaeueoii
n/eoae, /oi anee aeey iieo/aiey iiaie ii?iaeu iaiaoiaeei ioai? eo/oeo
aeeaioiuo-i?iecaiaeeoaeae, oi oao aea ?acoeueoaoia iiaeii aeiaeoueny e
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiui ioai?ii naiaeiuo ia?. Eo/oea aeieaeiu auae?aoue
eo/oeo, /oiau a ?acoeueoaoa ?iaeaeaeenue caei?iaua, e?aneaua, iaea?aiiua
aeaoe. Aaeueoii i?aaeeaaae nicaeaaaoue iniaua oneiaey aeey «?aciiiaeaiey
aaiia» auaeathueony ethaeae ec a?enoie?aoe/aneeo naiae. Oaeiai ia/aei
aaaaieee.

Iaeiaei ethaie naeaeoeeiia? ciaao: /oiau nicaeaoue iiaoth ii?iaeo n
oeo/oaiiuie naienoaaie, ioaeii aua?aeiaaoue i?eia?ii 95% aeeaioiuo.
Ooaeoea ia aeieaeiu o/anoaiaaoue a ?aciiiaeaiee — oaeia i?eioeei ethai
ai ioai?a. E aio ooo aaaaieea iai?yioth noaeeeaaaony n ia?ac?aoeiuie
i?iaeaiaie, eaaeaueie a iaeanoe /aeiaa/aneie yoeee e ii?aee. [3, n.43]

Eae au ie auee aoiaiiu iiaoaeeoaeueiua iioeau aaaaieee — naeaeaoue
/aeiaa/anoai aieaa caei?iaui, e?aneaui, iaea?aiiui e, a eiia/iii n/aoa,
aieaa n/anoeeaui, — a naiie aa nooe anoue eaeie-oi ecuyi. Iia ia
aienuaaaony a neiaeioth no?oeoo?o /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa, nioeaiiiai ec
i?ioeai?a/ee ia oieueei aeieiae/aneeo, ii e th?eaee/aneeo, nioeeaeueiuo,
ineoieiae/aneeo, ?aeeaeiciuo. Aaaeue anyeia oniaa?oainoaiaaiea oae eee
eia/a ia/eiaaony n ?acaeaeaiey ia ieioia e oi?ioaa, aeecianiiniaiia e
neaaia, oaeaioeeaia e aacaea?iia. ?acaeaeaiea — a iioii ioai?,
aua?aeiaea ia ioaa/athueo oai eee eiui o?aaiaaieyi aa?eaioia. Ia o?iaia
/aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa oaeie ioai? iaecaaaeii icia/aao aeene?eieiaoeeth.

N oi/ee c?aiey /enoie iaoee aaaaieea a naieo iinueeao oiaea niaea?aeeo
ecuyiu. Iai?eia?, aa iniiaiay caaea/a — eciaiaiea niioiioaiey a?aaeiuo e
iieaciuo i?eciaeia a noi?iio iieaciuo. A naiii aeaea, a iaeioi?uo
neo/ayo iiaeii neacaoue, /oi anoue «a?aaeiua» ?aciiaeaeiinoe aaiia e
«iieaciua». Iaeiaei ii naiui iioeienoe/aneei iiaen/aoai aaiaoeeia ca
200—300 eao iiaeii auei au oaaee/eoue /enei «iieaciuo» aaiia a
/aeiaa/aneie iiioeyoeee anaai eeoue ia nioua aeiee i?ioeaioa.
Aaniieaciinoue ioa?aeiaee «a?aaeiuo» aaiia iieacaee e yenia?eiaiou
iaoeenoia: a naia a?aiy a oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee auee oie/oiaeaiu iiiaea
ineoe/anee aieueiua, e nia/aea aeaenoaeoaeueii ?iaeaeaeinue iaiueoa
aeaoae n ioeeiiaieyie. Ii nionoy 40—50 eao, e nae/an i?ioeaio ineoe/anee
aieueiuo a Aa?iaiee i?eaeeceoaeueii oaeie aea, eae e ?aiueoa.

Ae?oaie eaiaiue i?aoeiiaaiey — aaaaieea iuoaaony eiio?iee?iaaoue
neiaeiua iiaaaeai/aneea i?eciaee ethaeae, eioaeeaeo e iaea?aiiinoue,
eioi?ua ii?aaeaeythony aieueoei /eneii aaiia. Oa?aeoa? eo ianeaaeiaaiey
i/aiue neiaeai. E oiio aea a ?acaeoee oaeaioa e eioaeeaeoa aieueooth
?ieue ea?atho eoeueoo?a, ycue, oneiaey ainieoaiey. Ana yoi ia?aaeaaony
?aaaieo ia /a?ac aaiu, a n iiiiuueth iauaiey n aeeceeie ethaeueie e
o/eoaeyie.

Aia anyeiai niiiaiey, caaea/e aaaaieee inoathony aeaai?iaeiuie. Iniiaiay
aeeneonney eaeao aie?oa niiniaia eo ?aoaiey. Aiciiaeii, /oi n ?acaeoeai
aaiiuo oaoiieiaee neiaeiaeoay caaea/a oeo/oaiey ianeaaenoaaiiiai
caei?iauey /aeiaaea aoaeao ?aoaia i?eaieaiuie e aiieia oeeaeeeciaaiiuie
iaoiaeaie. [3, n.44]

A iauanoaa, a eioi?ii i?aiaeaaeatho ethaee n ?aoeeiiaeueiui,
i?aeoe/aneei neeaaeii oia, iaoea ?acaeaaaony eia/a, /ai a iauanoaa, aaea
aieueoa eaeaaeenoia e ?iiaioeeia e aaea cai?auathuea aa?uea?u iinyo
iaoeeiiaeueiue, yoie/aneee eee nineiaiue oa?aeoa?.

Aeeyiea anoanoaiciaiey ia ii?aeue a iauanoaa anaaaea auei ia?iiii,
iaeiaei a iai ieeiaaea ia auei aaeeiiai iiaiey a aii?ina ia ioeaiea
oaeiai aeeyiey. N iaeiie noi?iiu, ?anoe?aiea ai?eciioia ciaiey,
?ac?ooaiea oieceoaeueiuo i?aae?annoaeeia, iaania/aiea aeinooia e
anoanoaaiii-iao/iui e eoeueoo?iui oeaiiinoyi — ana yoi eiaao
iieiaeeoaeueiue i?aanoaaiiue iooaiie. N ae?oaie — aeaaiue iieeaii
eniuoaiey iaoa?eaeeciaaiiuo eaeae anoanoaiciaiey n ae?aaieo a?aiai aei
iaoeo aeiae — iiea aiaiiuo aeaenoaee, /oi iiaoaeaeaao aeaeaoue a iaoea
aiieiuaiea cea e aaci?aanoaaiiinoe.

Aua a iaaeaeaeii i?ioeii iiiaea noi?iiieee iaoee iaaeayeenue, /oi iia
niiniaia ?aoeoue e i?aanoaaiiua i?iaeaiu. Ii oaia?ue, eaaeaony iiiyoii,
/oi ec iaoee e iniaaiii ec anoanoaiciaiey o?oaeii ecaea/ue i?aaeea i
oii, eae iaaei e ia iaaei iinooiaoue. Ecaanoii, /oi ai iiiaeo no?aiao
aieueoeinoai ia?aaeiauo anoanoaaiii-iao/iuo aeinoeaeaiee eniieuecoaony
aeey nicaeaiey iiaie aiaiiie oaoieee, a oii /enea e n?aaenoa ianniaiai
ii?aaeaiey, ?ann/eoaiiuo ia aaci?aanoaaiiua aeaenoaey — oie/oiaeaiea
ethaeae. I?e yoii n/eoaaony, /oi o/aiua e eiaeaia?u-?ac?aaio/eee
nicaeatho iiaue aeae i?oaeey aeey iai?iieoaeueiuo oeaeae. Ii i?eiaiaiea
i?oaeey a ethaii neo/aa i?eaiaeeo e aeaaee ethaeae, /anoi aacaeiiuo.
Aeiiaaou ee e ianoo ee ii?aeueioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue o/aiua, iao/iua
?ac?aaioee eioi?uo neoaeao aacie aeey nicaeaiey i?oaeey? Eee iniiaioth
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ianoo oa, eoi i?eiaiye i?oaeea e aeaaae eiiaiaeo ia aai
i?eiaiaiea ?aaee iaaeeau eeai oaeiaeaoai?aiey naieo yaienoe/aneeo
iio?aaiinoae iaeaaeaoue aua aieueoae aeanoueth? Yoe aii?inu, aieiiaaaoea
ethaeae aua n ae?aaieo a?aiai, aeeth/atho oeaeue eiiieaen i?aaiauo e
i?aanoaaiiuo i?iaeai, ?aoaiea eioi?uo caaeneo io iieeoe/aneeo,
nioeeaeueiuo e ae?oaeo oaeoi?ia, a oaeaea a aieueoae noaiaie io oiai,
aeey eaeeo oeaeae i?eiaiyeinue i?oaeea. Ia?aae o/aiuie /aua anaai
noaaeony aiieia aeaai?iaeiay caaea/a — nicaeaaaoue yooaeoeaiia i?oaeea
aeey caueou ainoaea?noaa. O/aiua-anoanoaieniuoaoaee anaaaea aunooiaee n
aoiaiiie ie?iie eieoeeaoeaie. A ea/anoaa i?eia?a iiaeii iacaaoue
Iaaoioneia aeaeaeaiea o/aiuo ca ie?, ?aci?oaeaiea, iaaeaeoia?iaeioth
aaciianiinoue e iao/iia nio?oaeie/anoai. Oaeia iauanoaaiiia aeaeaeaiea
noi?ie?iaaeinue a 1955 a. ii eieoeeaoeaa e?oiiuo o/aiuo: oeceeia A.
Yeiooaeia, O. AEieei-Eth?e e oeeinioa A. ?annaea. [3, n.45]

Acaeiinaycue e ni/aoaiea anoanoaiciaiey eae iaoee i i?e?iaea e ii?aee
eae i?aaee i?aanoaaiiinoe, aaconeiaii, neiaeiu, e aeey eo iao/iiai
aiaeeca ii-i?aaeiaio inoaaony ia?iiiia iiea aeayoaeueiinoe. I/aaeaeii
iaeii: anoanoaiciaiea a?yae ee iiaeao i?aoaiaeiaaoue ia caiauaiea
ii?aee. ssnii e ae?oaia: ianoiyuei o/aiui anaaaea ?oeiaiaeeo aunieee
i?aanoaaiiue eaeaae, ?aaee eioi?iai ii o?oaeeony ia iieeaaeay ?oe, ?aaee
eioi?iai ii ?aoaao /?acau/aeii o?oaeioth, ii aeaai?iaeioth caaea/o
?anoe?aiey ai?eciioa anoanoaaiii-iao/iiai iiciaiey caaaaei/iiai e
iinoiyiii eciaiythuaainy ie?oaeathuaai ie?a. I oaeii i?aanoaaiiii
eaeaaea iaienae A. Ioaiea?a a naiae eieaa «Iineaaeiea iunee»: «Iaoea
noaaeo ian a iinoiyiiia nii?eeiniiaaiea n /ai-eeai, /oi i?aauoaao ian;
iia iinoiyiii aeaao iai c?aeeua, iaiiaeyaiia e anaaaea aieaa aeoaieia,
iicaaee oiai aaeeeiai, /oi iia iai iieacuaaao; iia canoaaeyao
i?aaeiieaaaoue aua aieaa aaeeeia; yoi c?aeeua i?eaiaeeo ian a ainoi?a,
oio ainoi?a, eioi?ue canoaaeyao ian caauaaoue aeaaea naieo naay, e
yoei-oi ii auniei ii?aeai. Oio, eoi aai aeonee, eoi oaeaeae oioy au
ecaeaee ?ineioioth aa?iiieth caeiiia i?e?iaeu, aoaeao aieaa ?aniieiaeai
i?aiaa?aaaoue naieie iaeaiueeeie yaienoe/aneeie eioa?anaie, /ai ethaie
ae?oaie. Ii iieo/eo eaeaae, eioi?ue aoaeao ethaeoue aieueoa naiiai naay,
e yoi aaeeinoaaiiay ii/aa, ia eioi?ie iiaeii no?ieoue ii?aeue. ?aaee
yoiai eaeaaea ii noaiao ?aaioaoue, ia oi?aoy naiei o?oaeii e ia iaeeaeay
ieeaeeo ec oao a?oauo aiciaa?aaeaeaiee, eioi?ua yaeythony anai aeey
iaeioi?uo ethaeae. E eiaaea aanei?unoea noaiao aai i?eau/eie, yoa
i?eau/ea noaiao neaaeiaaoue ca iei anthaeo; any aeeciue aai noaiao
e?ani/iie. Oai aieaa, /oi no?anoue, aaeioiiaeythuay aai, anoue ethaiaue
e enoeia, a oaeay ethaiaue ia yaeyaony ee naiie ii?aeueth?»

3. ?aoeeiiaeueiay e ?aaeueiay ea?oeia ie?a a oi?ie?iaaiee ie?iaicc?aiey

Iniiauaaynue ia anoanoaaiii-iao/iii aini?eyoee ie?a, iiiaea oaaaeaeaiu,
/oi ie?oaeathuee ie? iiaeaeanoai ?aoeeiiaeueiiio aiaeeco. Aeey ieo, eae
iie iieaaatho, ana yaeaiey i?e?iaeu iiaeii eiae/anee iauynieoue, a oi,
/oi naaiaeiy eaaeaony /oaeii, caao?a noaiao iauynieiui e iiiyoiui. A
oceii niunea neiaa «iiy ea?oeia ie?a», «iia ie?iaicc?aiea» — yoi iie
nianoaaiiua i?aaenoaaeaiey ia ie?oaeathuai ie?a, neiaeeaoeany ia iniiaa
aai aini?eyoey iieie i?aaiaie /oanoa. A oe?ieii niunea — yoi iie
iaeiieaiiua noaeaeaiey iai anai, /oi aini?eieiatho iie i?aaiu /oanoa e
/ai caiyou iie iunee. Ana yoi eeoue io?aaeaiea iaaieueoie /anoe
aeaeeiiai ie?oaeathuaai ian ie?a.

Iiiaea aeoiatho i?eia?ii oae: «Eae iiaeii iaeoe ianoi aeey ?acee/iuo
iaaeaeeiuo aano?aeoiuo ia?acia a e?ioa/iie ea?oeia, ninoaaeaiiie ec
iaoeo eiie?aoiuo iiuoiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee? ss aeiaieai naiei eiia/iui e
ia?aie/aiiui aini?eyoeai ie?a Aiacaiiua yaeaiey ioiinyony e iaeanoe
ooiiee e oaioacee, e ionoue i ieo aeoiatho ae?oaea». Ia?niaeoeaa oaeiai
caieiooiai ie?iiiieiaiey aeieaeia aucuaaoue niiiaiea oioy au iioiio, /oi
anyeia eiie?aoiia ie?iaicc?aiea iaoiaeeony a aeaeaeaiee. Iaoe
i?aaenoaaeaiey i ie?a iinoiyiii eciaiythony. Iu aiai?ei i nianoaaiiii
ai?eciioa iiciaiey, eioi?ue iiaeao ?anoe?youeny. *oiau ?acaeaeiooue
?aiee iaoeo iiciaiee, nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai ?acee/iuo ia?aciaaoaeueiuo
nenoai, eiea e o.i. [3, n.46]

Iiiai/eneaiiua eiieo?e?othuea iaaeaeo niaie oaeoi?u aeeytho ia iaoa
ie?iaicc?aiea e a eiia/iii eoiaa ii?aaeaeytho aai. Iie naycaiu n
nioeeaeueiuie, yoie/aneeie, naiaeiuie e ae?oaeie oneiaeyie aeecie.
Ie?iaicc?aiea /aeiaaea a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaeneo io oiai, au?in ee
ii a aea?aaia eee a ai?iaea, a ai?ao eee ia aa?aao ii?y, n?aaee aiaaouo
e aeanoue eioueo eee n?aaee aaaeiuo e ioaa?aeaiiuo. Eoeueoo?iia
ie?oaeaiea oaeaea oi?ie?oao e i?aaenoaaeaiey i ie?a. Eniuoae ee ii
aeeyiea oie eee eiie ?aeeaee? A eaeeo eiie?aoiuo oneiaeyo aeeaao e
?aaioaao, eae niioiinyony o?oae e ioaeuo a aai iianaaeiaaiie aeecie?
Eaeea o?aaeeoeee ii?aaeaeytho aai ia?ac aeecie, eaeea i?acaeieee e
ciaiaiaoaeueiua aeaou ii ioia/aao? Eae neeaaeuaathony acaeiiioiioaiey
iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie neiyie iauanoaa e iieieaieyie?

Aaiaoe/aneea, ineoieiae/aneea e iiiaea ae?oaea oaeoi?u ea?atho i?e yoii
oiaea i/aiue aaaeioth ?ieue. Ia?yaeo n eiiieaenii iaia?aae caaeaiiuo
oneiaee, eioi?ua a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa iaeuecy eciaieoue, nio?aiyaony
aiciiaeiinoue i?eiyoey naiinoiyoaeueiuo, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo ?aoaiee.
Iaiiaoi?eiinoue, iaaini?iecaiaeeiinoue eaaeaeie ee/iinoe ii?aaeaeyaony,
a oii /enea e iaoeie iniciaiiuie, aieaauie ?aoaieyie. Ec ia?iiiiai
iioiea eioi?iaoeee eaaeaeue auae?aao eeoue oi, /oi oi/ao aini?eiyoue, e
yoi oi?ie?oao ie?iaicc?aiea ee/iinoe. [3, n.47]

O?oaeii ia niaeaneoueny n oai, /oi iu i?eioeeieaeueii ia a ninoiyiee
iaiin?aaenoaaiii aini?eieiaoue ie? oaeei, eaeei aai ?aaeno?e?otho iaoe
aeaca e ooe: ana iuouaiey i?aaiia /oanoa ia?aaaouaathony, ioeaieaathony,
oeeueo?othony iaoei iicaii e «nieaaeythony» caoai a aaeeioth ea?oeio.
Inouanoaeyaiay iicaii ia?aaioea iuouaiee iai?aaeaia i?aaeaea anaai ia
nicaeaiea oeaeinoiiai aini?eyoey. Niioaaonoaaiii e iaoe iuneeoaeueiua
i?ioeannu i?ioaeatho oae, /oiau iaania/eaaeinue oeaeinoiia iiieiaiea e
au?eniauaaeenue iniuneaiiua ia?acu. Eaaeaeue ciaao ec nianoaaiiiai
iiuoa, /oi ai?acaei eaa/a neaaeeoue ca oiaeii iuneae, eioi?ua iai
ecaanoiu, /ai iiiyoue e iniuneeoue niaa?oaiii iiaua eaeae. Aaniethoii
ii?iaeueii iiyoiio, /oi /aeiaaeo n ?aoeeiiaeueiui iuoeaieai
i?aaenoaaeaiey i naa?ouanoanoaaiiuo yaeaieyo eee i Aiaa eaaeoony
iaiuneeiuie e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, niaa?oaiii iaiainiiaaiiuie.

Iii?iaoai iaeoe ae?oaie e?eoa?ee ioeaiee ?aoeeiiaeueiiai aini?eyoey
ie?a. I?eaaaeai oa?aeoa?iue i?eia?, eioi?ue, oioy e i?aaenoaaeyaony
iaoae ?aoeeiiaeueiie eiaeea aaniethoii iaaiciiaeiui, oai ia iaiaa,
yaeyaony oece/aneie ?aaeueiinoueth — yoi ei?ioneoey?ii-aieiiaie aeoaeeci
naaoa. Anee ?acaeaeeoue eo/ eaca?a ia aeaa, oi, iaeeaaeuaaynue ae?oa ia
ae?oaa, iie iiaoo «iiaaneoueny» (eo/e i?ioeaioaciu), e, iaiai?io,
eioaineaiinoue neioaciuo eo/ae noiie?oaony. Yoi yaeaiea eioa?oa?aioeee
iiaeii iauynieoue aieiiaie i?e?iaeie naaoa. Iaeiaei naao iaeaaeaao e
ei?ioneoey?iie i?e?iaeie, /oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony yenia?eiaioaeueii. Iaa
i?e?iaeu naaoa i?aaenoaaeythony iaoae eiaeea acaeiieneeth/athueie
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoyie, iineieueeo ie i?e eaeeo ianoiyoaeuenoaao aeaa
iioiea /anoeoe, iaeeaaeuaaynue ae?oa ia ae?oaa, ia iiaoo iiaaneoueny.
Aeaienoaaiiay i?e?iaea naaoa, eee, eae i?eiyoi aiai?eoue a oeceea,
aeoaeeci naaoa, iaaeyaeii iieacuaaao, /oi aeey iiieiaiey i?e?iaeu naaoa
?aoeeiiaeueiiai aiaeeca iaaeinoaoi/ii.

Iiaeii aiai?eoue i ?aaeueiinoe iaoaai iiciaiey ie?oaeathuaai ie?a i?e
niiinoaaeaiee aai oai eee eiui niiniaii n iaoei i?aaenoaaeaieai i iai.
«Iaoa iiciaiea ?aaeueii eeoue iinoieueeo, iineieueeo iaoe eaeae
niia?aciu n aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth aauae», — oae n/eoae Aeaeii Eiee
(1632—1704), ecaanoiue aiaeeeneee oeeinio. [3, n.47]

Iiiaea oeeiniou ?aciuo a?aiai iieaaaee e iieaaatho, /oi eaoaai?ey
“iaoea” iauaaeeiyao /anoue oiai, /oi aoiaeeo a aieaa iauoth eaoaai?eth —
“ciaiea”. Aia caaeneiinoe io anao aeaeia ciaiey /anoi i?ioeaiiinoaaeytho
ae?oa ae?oao iao/iia e ?aeeaeiciia. A eieaa “Oeeinioey naiaiaeu”
ecaanoiue ?onneee oeeinio Ieeieae Aa?aeyaa (1874—1948) oae ii?aaeaeye
yoi ?acee/ea: “Iao/iia ciaiea — yoi oaeia ciaiea, aeey aeinoeaeaiey
eioi?iai /aeiaae eniieuecoao iaoa?eae iiuoa e caeiiu eiaeee. Eaaeaeue
iiaue yeaiaio ciaiey auaiaeeony ec i?aaeuaeoueo n oie aea
iaecaaaeiinoueth, n eaeie iiacae i?ioiaeeo noaioeee a oeacaiiie ia ea?oa
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe.

O/aiue iaoiaeeony a aeaeaciuo oeneao caeiiia i?e?iaeu e eiaeee. Ii
ianaiaiaeai. ?aeeaeiciia ciaiea i?eioeeieaeueii ioee/aaony oai, /oi iii
ieioeoaea ia iiaeao auoue auaaaeaii. Iii aeinoeaaaony a ?acoeueoaoa
aiacaiiiai aioo?aiiaai ica?aiey, eae iaeoea nauoa. Anee au nouanoaiaaiea
Aiaa iiaeii auei au aeieacaoue, oi ?aeeaey en/acea au, iineieueeo iia
i?aa?aoeeanue au a iau/iia iao/iia ciaiea.

Nouanoaiaaiea aiacaiiiai aioo?aiiaai ica?aiey ethaiio oai?/aneiio
/aeiaaeo oi?ioi ciaeiii. Ie iaeio iiaoth oai?aio iaoaiaoee ia
aeieacuaaao aeaaeoeoeaiui niiniaii; aia/aea eiooeoeey iiaeneacuaaao aio
?acoeueoao, a caoai ii no?ieo aeey iaai aeieacaoaeuenoai, eioi?ia
oaaaeeei au aai naiiai e ie?oaeathueo a oii, /oi ?acoeueoao aa?ai.

Oaeei ia?acii, enoeio ii oaeaeae aei oiai, eae iaoae, iino?iee e iae
iinoee — aeieacaoaeuenoai.

Aicieeaao aii?in i oii, aeey ethaie ee enoeiu oaeie iinoee nouanoaoao.
Oae aio, enoeiu, aeey eioi?uo oaeea iinoeee anoue, e ninoaaeytho
iaeanoue iao/iiai ciaiey, enoeiu, aeey eioi?uo oaeeo iinoeeia iao a
i?eioeeia, — iaeanoue ?aeeaeiciiai ciaiey”.

I aaaeiinoe eiooeoeee a i?ioeanna iiciaiey aiai?eee iiiaea aaoi?eoaoiua
o/aiua. Oae, *a?ec Aea?aei iieaaae: “Iiaeii, eaaeaony, ca/anoue iia a
caneoao, /oi y i?aainoiaeo iaueiiaaiiiai n?aaeiaai /aeiaaea
niiniaiinoueth iiaeniio?aoue /oi-ieaoaeue oaeia, /oi oneieuecaao io
iauaai aieiaiey, e oiaieai ouaoaeueii iaaethaeaoue… Iia eaaeaony, /oi
n aiaeaie y aeinoea aieueoaai eneonnoaa a oaaaeuaaiee aa?iuo iauyniaiee
e i?eaeoiuaaiee yenia?eiaioaeueiuo i?iaa?ie, ii, iiaeao auoue, yoi
oieueei ?acoeueoao aieueoie i?aeoeee aieaa iaoe?iiai caiana ciaiee”.

Eaaeaeay yiioa ?iaeaeaao iiaua ciaiey i i?e?iaea e iiaue iiuo aini?eyoey
ie?oaeathuaai ie?a e ian naieo. Ii oaeea ciaiey e iiuo ia anoue iiaia
ie?iaicc?aiea. Yoi eeoue oaa, aaniethoii iaiaoiaeeiue aeey oi?ie?iaaiey
ie?iaicc?aiey. Ethaeyi iaiaoiaeeiu naiua ?aciiia?aciua ciaiey e ana oi
?aoeeiiaeueiia, /oi aeiauoi anoanoaiciaieai, /oiau eniieueciaaoue
iiaouanoai /aeiaaea e i?e?iaeu ai aeaai /aeiaaea. [3, n.48]

*aeiaae iaeaaeaao oaeeaeoaeueiui oaiiiaiii — ?acoiii, aeaaiaea?y
eioi?iio ii iiciaao ie?oaeathuee ie?, aio aeaia niiniaiinoue
aiaeece?iaaoue i?ienoiaeyuaa e i?aaeaeaeaoue anaai eeoue iaeioi?ua
o?aaiaiou aoaeouaai, oioue iieiinoueth i?aaeneacaoue aoaeouaa aio ia
aeaii. Ii ?acoi ia ananeeai, e aaniethoecaoeey aai aiciiaeiinoae e?aeia
iiania. Ia iaiaa iiania e aaniethoecaoeey anoanoaaiii-iao/iie enoeiu,
eioi?ay, iiaeiaii ie?aaeo, ioaeaeyaony ii ia?a i?eia?aoaiey iiauo ciaiee
e oi?ie?iaaiey iiauo yiie?e/aneeo iaiauaiee. Aio ii/aio ie?iaicc?aiea
ieeiaaea iaeuecy naanoe e /enoi iao/iiio, ?aoeeiiaeueiiio
ie?iiiieiaieth. Oaeia ooaa?aeaeaiea ia niioaaonoaoao oai eaiiiai,
eioi?ua iuoaeenue i?eaeoue iai a iaaeaeaeii i?ioeii.

?aoeeiiaeueiia ia/aei iaeuecy niaoeaaoue n e??aoeeiiaeueiui, o.a. n oai,
/oi ia yaeyaony eiae/aneei neaaenoaeai oiai eee eiiai yiie?e/aneiai
iaiauaiey. Eaaeaeue /aeiaae aeeaao a naiae e??aoeeiiaeueiie n?aaea,
ea?athuae aaaeioth ?ieue a aai aeaenoaeyo e noaeueaa. O?oaeii iauynieoue
e??aoeeiiaeueioth nouiinoue /aeiaaea, oae eae iia iaeaaeaao naiaia?aciie
niaoeeoeeie e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie iniaaiiinoyie, i?enoueie eaaeaeiio
/aeiaaeo. Ie? /aeiaaea — yoi ia?ac?uaiay naycue ?aoeeiiaeueiiai e
e??aoeeiiaeueiiai: eiooeoeee, einoeieoia, i?ic?aiee, iaeiae/iinoe
iiaaaeaiey e o.i. Ethaua ?aoeeiiaeueiua aeaenoaey, iniiaaiiua ia
yiie?e/aneeo oaeoao, anaaaea nii?yaeaiu n e??aoeeiiaeueiuie yeaiaioaie.
Iiaeao auoue, e??aoeeiiaeueiay ninoaaeythuay ie?iaicc?aiey aeaao
/aeiaaeo iaeaieueooth ?aaeinoue, iuouaiea iieiiou e i?aeanoe aeecie.
Iooue a ie? e??aoeeiiaeueiiai eaaeeo /a?ac ?aeeaeiciua ciaiey, iiciaiea
eneonnoaa, ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo eeoa?aoo?iuo oeaiiinoae, /a?ac iocueo e
iiyceth, eioi?ua niiniaiu, ieioy eiaeeo, cao?aaeaaoue naiua aeoaeiiua
/oanoaa /aeiaaea.

A eaaeaeii /aeiaaea caeiaeaii iaeia e??aoeeiiaeueiia ia/aei, naie
nianoaaiiue aioo?aiiee aeooiaiue ie?, eioi?ue ia aicieeaao nai ii naaa.
E anee ethaee oioyo nio?aieoue naay, naie ?iae, i?e?iaeo e ana oi, /oi
iaeiieaii /aeiaa/anoaii ca ouny/aeaoey, ei iaiaoiaeeii ia oieueei
iaeaaeaoue anoanoaaiii-iao/iuie ciaieyie, ii e iao/eoueny aini?eieiaoue
oa yeaiaiou e??aoeeiiaeueiiai, eioi?uie aiaaoa i?e?iaea e eioi?ua
nicaeaao /aeiaae.

Ie?iaicc?aiea, aeeth/athuaa ?aoeeiiaeueiia e e??aoeeiiaeueiia ia/aea,
ioee/aaony io iaoee eae oeaeaiai?aaeaiiie iiciaaaoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Iaee/ea e??aoeeiiaeueiie ninoaaeythuae icia/aao, /oi
ia?aie/eoue ie?iaicc?aiea ii?aaeaeaiiuie ?aieaie iaaiciiaeii: a
/anoiinoe, iaeuecy naeaeaoue aai iniiaie oieueei iaeio eaeoth-eeai
oeeinioneoth nenoaio. Enoi?ey o?ao n eeoiei noieaoee iaii?iaa?aeeii
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi ethaay iiiuoea inouanoaeoue oaeia ia?aie/aiea
(iai?eia?, i?eciaoue oieueei iaoa?eaeeci a ea/anoaa oieaa?naeueiiai
ie?iiiieiaiey, niiniaiiai caiaieoue ?aeeaeth) eii/eeanue iaoaea/ae.

Aianoa n oai iieiinoueth naiaeeoue ?aeeaeth e e??aoeeiiaeueiiio auei au
ioeaeie, iineieueeo iia iaiuneeia aac ?aoeeiiaeueiuo iauyniaiee,
eaaeaueo a iniiaa oaieiaee (niaieoiiinoe ?aeeaeiciuo aeieo?ei e o/aiee),
eioi?ay ?acaeaaaony, eae e ethaay ae?oaay iaoea. ?aoeeiiaeueiue
iiaeoiae, oaeei ia?acii, ?aciuaaao a?aieoeo iaaeaeo ?aeeaeae e iaoeie.
[3, n.49]

Aeey aieaa aeoaieiai iiieiaiey nouiinoe iao/iuo e ?aeeaeiciuo ciaiee e
eo ?acee/ee iiiuoaainy ii?aaeaeeoue, /oi oaeia iaoea, ia ia?aie/eaaynue
i?e yoii oieueei aeneiiaoe/aneeie ooaa?aeaeaieyie: oeceea — yoi iaoea,
aeieiaey — oiaea iaoea, ooieiaey — iao e o.ae. Iaiaoeeee oeeinio Aai?a
Aaaaeue (1770—1831) aanueia oaea/ii noi?ioee?iaae iniiaiua
ii?aaeaeythuea iaoeo i?eciaee:

1) nouanoaiaaiea aeinoaoi/iiai iauaia iiuoiuo aeaiiuo;

2) iino?iaiea iiaeaee, nenoaiaoece?othuae iiuoiua aeaiiua;

3) aiciiaeiinoue ia iniiaa iiaeaee i?aaeneacaoue iiaua oaeou, eaaeauea
aia ia?aiia/aeueiiai iiuoa.

Iacaaiiua i?eciaee oa?aeoa?iu aeey ethaiai anoanoaaiii-iao/iiai
ioe?uoey. Iai?eia?, Ia?eiaee/aneee caeii Ae.E. Iaiaeaeaaaa iicaieee
ninoaaeoue oaaeeoeo oeie/aneeo yeaiaioia e i?aaeneacaoue nouanoaiaaiea
?aiaa iaecaanoiuo oeie/aneeo yeaiaioia.

CAEETH*AIEA

Iaoea e aioeiao/iua oaiaeaioeee ninouanoaotho n ae?aaieo a?aiai. Iaoea n
oao ii? iaociaaaaii eciaieeanue: ioe?uou iiaua caeiiu, iiyaeeinue
iiiaeanoai iaoiaeia e oai?ee, iiaeoaa?aeaeathueony i?aeoeeie, a
inaaaeiiao/iua i?aaenoaaeaiey inoaeenue ia i?aaeiai o?iaia.

Aioeiao/iua oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey ie?a iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue eae iaeanoue
aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay i?e iiaa?oiinoiii acaeyaea eiaao noiaenoai n
iaoeie, ii i?eioeeieaeueii ioee/aaony io iaa aioo?aiiei niaea?aeaieai e
noa?ie i?eeiaeaiey. A /anoiinoe, iia ia yaeyaony n?aaenoaii
anoanoaaiii-iao/iiai iiciaiey e ia nicaeaao aacu aeey ?acaeoey
oaoiieiaee. Aioeiaoea no?aieony auoue iioiaeae ia iaoeo, iia ianee?oaony
iiae iaa, ii ?aoaao a iauanoaa ae?oaoth, ineoieiae/aneoth caaea/o. Iaeii
ec iniiaiuo iai?aaeaiee ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue a aioeiaoea yoi iieo/aiea
aeaiaa e ii/aoa io ainoaea?noaa.

Anoanoaiciaiea e i?aanoaaiiinoue acaeiinaycaiu, e nayce yoe eiatho
iiiai/eneaiiua i?iyaeaiey. Anoanoaiciaiea, eae e iaoea a oeaeii,
ieacuaaao neeueiia aeeyiea ia iauanoaaiioth ii?aeue, eniuouaay ia naaa
aa ia?aoiia aicaeaenoaea. Iauanoai ia iiaeao ia ia?aie/eaaoue iao/iue
iiene, anee nai iiene eee aai ?acoeueoaou iiaoo aoiaeeoue a i?ioeai?a/ea
n aeooaeueiuie ii?iaie i?aanoaaiiinoe eee i?aaenoaaeaieyie i aoiaiiinoe.
Aii?in, iiaeii ee cai?auaoue enoeio ai eiy nianaiey ii?aee, ioaaoa ia
eiaao. Oa, eoi iaoiaeyo, /oi o enoeiu anoue i?ei?eoao ia?aae ii?aeueth,
ii?aaaeuaatho naith iiceoeeth oai, /oi ii?aeue ioiineoaeueia e
eciai/eaa, a enoeia aaniethoia e aa/ia. Eo iiiiiaiou iieaaatho, /oi ia
anyeea enoeiu ioaeiu ethaeyi.

Acaeiinaycue e ni/aoaiea anoanoaiciaiey eae iaoee i i?e?iaea e ii?aee
eae i?aaee i?aanoaaiiinoe — aaconeiaii, neiaeiue e iiiaia?aiiue aii?in,
a ?aoaiee eioi?iai inoaaony ia?iiiia iiea aeayoaeueiinoe. ssnii iaeii:
anoanoaiciaiea a?yae ee niiaeao i?aoaiaeiaaoue ia caiauaiea ii?aee.

Iiiai/eneaiiua eiieo?e?othuea iaaeaeo niaie oaeoi?u aeeytho ia iaoa
ie?iaicc?aiea e a eiia/iii eoiaa ii?aaeaeytho aai. Iie naycaiu n
nioeeaeueiuie, yoie/aneeie, naiaeiuie e ae?oaeie oneiaeyie aeecie.
Ie?iaicc?aiea /aeiaaea a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaeneo io oiai, au?in ee
ii a aea?aaia eee a ai?iaea, a ai?ao eee ia aa?aao ii?y, n?aaee aiaaouo
e aeanoue eioueo eee n?aaee aaaeiuo e ioaa?aeaiiuo.

Inouanoaeyaiay iicaii ia?aaioea iuouaiee iai?aaeaia, i?aaeaea anaai, ia
nicaeaiea oeaeinoiiai aini?eyoey. Niioaaonoaaiii e iaoe iuneeoaeueiua
i?ioeannu i?ioaeatho oae, /oiau iaania/eaaeinue oeaeinoiia iiieiaiea e
au?eniauaaeenue iniuneaiiua ia?acu. Eaaeaeue ciaao ec nianoaaiiiai
iiuoa, /oi ai?acaei eaa/a neaaeeoue ca oiaeii iuneae, eioi?ua iai
ecaanoiu, /ai iiiyoue e iniuneeoue niaa?oaiii iiaua eaeae. Aaniethoii
ii?iaeueii iiyoiio, /oi /aeiaaeo n ?aoeeiiaeueiui iuoeaieai
i?aaenoaaeaiey i naa?ouanoanoaaiiuo yaeaieyo eee i Aiaa eaaeoony
iaiuneeiuie e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, niaa?oaiii iaiainiiaaiiuie.

NIENIE ENIIEUeCIAAIIIE EEOA?AOO?U

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