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MIHICTEPCTBO INA?OE I IAOEE OE?A?IE OA?E?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE
OI?AA?NEOAO ?I.A.I. KAPA3IHA

Eaoaae?a aeo?iae?noeee

AEo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy ye aeai? aeo?iae?nonueeiai aeeneo?no

?aoa?ao nooaeaioee

/aoaa?oiai eo?no o?eieia?/iiai

oaeoeueoaoo (niaoe?aeuei?noue —

aeo?iae?noeea)

?aaiiai? I.I.

Aeeeaaea/ – Cae?ciye I.?.

Oa?e?a 2008

?icne?aeoaaiiy — oea iaeneeaaei?oee aeo?iae?nonueeee aeai?, yeee a?a? ia
an?o ?aa?no?ao ni?eeiyooy: e aiae?oe/iiio, e aiioe?eiiio. A?i ia’?aeio?
a nia? aeaiaioe ?ioa?a’th, ii?o?aoa, ?aii?oaaeo, o?ii?ee, aiae?co,
neioaco. Caaaeaiiy ?icne?aeoaaiiy — caoiieoe /eoa/a oi?eaeueiith
caieooaiith neooaoe??th, a iio?i iiynieoe, ui ae iani?aaae? e?e?oueny ca
iath.

AEai? aeo?iae?nonueeiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy i?eionea? anaa?/ia ? aeieeaaeia
aeine?aeaeaiiy yei?nue iaei aea/aii?, cae?eoi? aai ?aoaeueii
i?eoiaoaaii? oaie, a i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae yeith aeiaiaeeoueny aeieaoe
iaaaaeaiiy iaaieo no?oeoo? iaaeaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th, ui oe?eaaeoue
aeo?iae?noa.

Eeth/iaa iiiyooy “aeo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy” a a?ae?ia?ao?/i?e
nenoai? acaaae? a?aenooi?. ? “aeo?iae?noeea”, ? “?icne?aeoaaiiy”, a
“aeo?iae?nonueeiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy” iaia?. Oiio a ieoaii? oi?ioethaaiiy
iiiyooy aeiaaeiny oaeaoeny aei ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?ae. O eiec?
“AEo?iae?nonuee? ?icne?aeoaaiiy” Aeaeii O?eeiai ?ic’ynith?: “E?aua
aecia/aiiy aeo?iae?nonueeiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy aeaa eieeoi?e
?aaeaeoi?-?iciianthaeaeoaa/ aacaoe “Iuethnaeae” ?iaa?o A??i: “Oea
aeo?iae?nonueeee iaoa??ae, caniiaaiee, ye i?aaeei, ia aeani?e ?iaio? ?
?i?oe?aoea?, ia aaaeeeao oaio, yeo ie?ai? iniae aai i?aai?caoe?? oio?ee
a caeeoeoe a oa?iieoe?. O?e iniiai? aeaiaioe: aeo?iae?no i?iaiaeeoue
?icne?aeoaaiiy, yea ia i?iaiaeea ooinue ?ioee, oaia iaoa??aeo
aeinoaoiuei aaaeeeaa aeey /eoa/a aai oaeaaeyaea/a; ?io? iaiaaathoueny
i?eoiaaoe ca/aieai? a ?icne?aeoaaii? oaeoe a?ae a?iiaaenueeino?”. Oiio,
aeath/e naiino?eia iiiyooy aeo?iae?nonueeiio ?icne?aeoaaiith, ie iiaeaii
aiai?eoe i?i iueiai, ye i?i nai???aeiee i?aenoiie iaaii? ae?yeueiino?
aeo?iae?noa, a yeiio a?i: a) ia?oii?ioiaeaoeue; a) oaia aea?aia
aeooaeueia; a) iaoa??ae iia’ycaiee c oa?iieoeath (caoiaaiiyi); a)
c?a?ai? oaeoe i?aeaeai? aeo?iae?noii aeine?aeaeaiith (reseach). Eiee
ye?nue neeaaeia? “aeiaaeathoue” (iai?eeeaae, a?aenooi? eiiaioa??
caeioaa/aii? noi?iie, iiouai? aeaye? oaeoe aai ? oaiaeaioe?ei?noue o
aeeeaae?), aeo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy ao?a/a? anyeee nain.

AEo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy ? /e ia iaei?anoeaei?oei ?c
aeo?iae?nonueeeo aeai??a. A?eueo?noue e?oa?aoo?ieo aa?i?a, ui aoee
aeo?iae?noaie, caeiaeeny naia ?icne?aeoaaiiyi. Caoiieaiiy /eoa/?a oeeie
ia?niiaaeaie iia’ycaia c “aee?eooyi”, yea ?iaeyoue aa?i? a ?acoeueoao?
o?eaaeiai ? iaaacia/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Naia caoiieaiiy oaeeie aa?iyie
i?eaaei aei aeo?iae?noeee aaaaoueio oaia??oi?o aeo?iae?no?a.

AEo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy ia iiaea c’yaeoeny ia na?o aac
?i?oe?aoeae, ?aea? ? coneeue c aieo aeo?iae?noa. Oea iaoa??ae, yeee ia?
aenieo iiaino?eio oe?ii?noue ? aaeeeo cia/ei?noue aeey noni?euenoaa.
?icne?aeoaaiiy aaco?oueny ia aaeee?e e?eueeino? aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe?? —
ethaeyo, aeieoiaioao, aeaieo oa iniaenoiio niinoa?aaeaii?. A aaaaoueio
aeiaaeeao aeieeaathoue iaoa??aee, ye? aeaaea oio?ea ae ia ?ice?eaaoe.
Aea ?ieiee a iaoa??aeao i?noeoueny ?ioi?iaoe?y, ui aoea io?eiaii
aaciina?aaeiuei a?ae i?aaenoaaiee?a aeaaee. AEo?iae?nonuee?
?icne?aeoaaiiy iiaeooue, iai?eeeaae, ?ioi?ioaaoe noni?euenoai i?i oa, ui
eiie?aoia onoaiiaa ia aeeiio? nai?o ooieoe?e ii ianeoaiaoaaiiy
a?iiaaeyi, ia aeacoth/e ia eiie?aoieo aeioaaooe?a. Aoaa?, ui ?ieiee
ni?aaa ia ?iaeoueny ia oiio, ui ooinue niaoe?aeueii eaaea iai?aaaeo,
e?aaea aai i?eoiao? ?ioi?iaoe?th.

Aeaeei ?iaa?on, a ieioeiio ?aaeaeoi? “O?eaaeaeueo?y ?ieoaea?a?” —
iaei??? c iaea?aeii?oeo aia?eeainueeeo aacao, ui niaoe?ae?cothoueny ia
?icne?aeoaaiiyo neacaa, ui aeo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy iieyaa? “ia a
oiio, uia aeyaeoe ie?aia ii?ooaiiy caeiio, a a oiio, uia aeieiioaaoeny
aei oaeo?a, ui eaaeaoue aeeaiei i?ae iiaa?oiath, uia aeiiiiiaoe /eoa/o a
?icoi?ii? oiai, ui o?aiey?oueny a iaoiio ana a?eueo iac?icoi?eiio
na?o?”.

A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aeo?iae?nonuee? ?icne?aeoaaiiy ia ? ni?aaaei?ie
?icne?aeoaaiiyie. Oe?eaaa noaooy i?i oa, ye eoieoe oieiaeeeueiee,
?aii?oaae i?i ??oaiiy, i?eeiyoa ia can?aeaii? noaeo, cai?oea c
i?an-eiioa?aioe?? ? iaa?oue aeieoiaio, io?eiaiee a?ae aeaea?aea a
?acoeueoao? aeo?eo ?ioi?iaoe?? — ana oea ii noo? ? aaaeeeaei ?
iaiao?aeiei, aea ana ae oaee ia ? aeo?iae?nonueeei ?icne?aeoaaiiyi. O
oeeo aeiaaeeao ?aii?oa?e eoee ca iiae?yie aac cacaeaeaa?aeue
?ic?iaeaiiai ieaio. Aiie ia iaee ni?ia naiei iaea?aeaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th,
ciiao e ciiao cae?ath/e ii oiaoi/eao ?ic??ciai? aeai? a iaeio caaaeueio
ea?oeio.

I?e ciaeiinoa? c aeo?iae?nonueeeie ?icne?aeoaaiiyie a caniaao ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? caeeoa?oueny a??eee inaaeie. Neeaaea?oueny a?aaeaiiy, ui
ioae?eoaaoe iiaeia ana ? i?i an?o. Aea oeo, i?i eiai oea “ana” ieoaoueny
? aiai?eoueny, iaei oe?eaaeyoue aacaoi? ? oaeaaenooie. Aae.
Iieyiianueeee a aacao? “Ecaanoey” c aeinaaeith ae?eeoueny i?i iaaie?ea:
“Iei?oiy aeo?iae?noeea ana a?eueoa noa? a?aeno?eieeii iie?oe/ieo ?
i?aeaiaeieo ?io?ea — iaeaiueea ethaeeia c ?? ni?aaaei?ie no?aaeaeaiiyie
i?eiio ia iio??aia. Ia?o??, ni?eee, o?aeoe??, ?ooe. Iauaaeee
noaeeoeiooue c aacao i?i nueiaiaei?oi? aeeooy, ye ca ia?oaeuenueeeie
niiaaaeaie i?i a?eio: o?iioe, a?i??, aeea?c??, a nieaeaoa — i?, ? ia
a?aee?/eoe ia?aiia a?ae ii?acie. Aeaiooaoe, /eaie o?yaeo, ioi/aiiy
i?aceaeaioa, aaie??e. Eiee y niinoa??aath, ye noaioi?e
e?anaiue-oaeaaaaeo/ee, iaiia c a?o?eie ia?oea?nueeiai naeiio, iaothea?
iaeiiai aaie??a ca oa, ui oie ia?eoia ?ioiai aaie??a, y /oth, ye a eiai,
oaeaaaaeo/iai, eeoaiyo, oaeanoyoue oiano? ia/ee a?ioae, ye? a?i
iaea?aeo? a?ae ia?eaeaiiai aaie??a. Ca?ac iiaeia ana — ? ia o?aaa i?yei?
ni?eeaino?. ?ai?oa ni?eea?noue aoea iio??aia aeey oiai, uia i?iiia/aoe”.

I?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? aeo?iae?nonueeeo ?icne?aeoaaiue a iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo?? cono??/athoueny oae? icia/ieee ye “ia?ane?aeoaaoaeueia
aeo?iae?noeea” oa “/i?iee i?a?”.

Iaaaciaea ia?aoai?aiiy aeo?iae?nonueeiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy a “oae caaia
aeo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy” ?nio? ? a cao?aei?e aeo?iae?noeoe?. Ia
aeoieo Aaeiiiaea A. Eaiaaoa: “Ia ii/aoeo 1980-o ?ie?a, ? iaa?oue ua
?ai?oa, a?aeiioaiiy aei aeo?iae?nonueeeo ?icne?aeoaaiue, aacoiiaii
iia??oaei. Oaea ?aaeoe?y aoea ia aeeaiaeaeia, yeui a?aooaaoe, ui /enei
noaeiaeo ??oaiue ii iiciaao i?i iaeeai ia ia ei?enoue i?ane ?inei ?
?inei. AEo?iae?nonuee? ?icne?aeoaaiiy iiaeii? noaoe c??e?oeie ? ia?aeoe
a?ae aee?eoo?a ie?aii? i?iaeie, ui einei/ooue ia?ae, aei aenia?oiiai
aiae?co neeaaeieo oai ? ?inoeooo?a”, “Iaoiaee, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny,
aeeth/aee oeeooaaiiy iaiacaaieo “aeaea?ae”, /e? neiaa ia iiaeia aoei
ia?aa??eoe, oaiaeaioe?eia aai ia/ania ina?oeaiiy eiie?aoi?o iiae?e ?
iiouaiiy oaeo?a, ?noioieo aeey i?aaeeueiiai ?icoi?iiy neooaoe??”, “A
aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aeo?iae?nonuee? ?icne?aeoaaiiy caeaaeeny c oeyoo aoeee
? ia?anoaee iieacoaaoe aeeooy a ae?eniiio na?oe?. ? iiaithaaiiy, ui
aeo?iae?nonuee? ?icne?aeoaaiiy iiaeooue oae oa?eoe aei iiaee, i?eaeaaoe
oaeee i?eaaaeeaee aeene aeey ?aii?oa??a ? ?aaeaeoi??a, ui noaiooue
i?iaiaeeoeny ?aaee naieo ?icne?aeoaaiue”. Oaeei /eiii, ie aa/eii, ui
iia?ica ao?aoe aeo?iae?nonueeei ?icne?aeoaaiiyi aaci?eno?aniino? oa
ia’?eoeaiino? ia?oueny e?oaii. Oea ua ?ac canoaaey? caieneeoeny i?i
caaaeuei? iaaacia/i? oaiaeaioe??, ui iai?/athoueny a aeo?iae?nonueeiio
oeaoo.

AEo?iae?nonuee? ?icne?aeoaaiiy a?aeia?aaeathoue no/anio ae?eni?noue ia
c??c? aino??oeo iie?oe/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo oa ii?aeueieo cai?ooaiue,
iaoiiaeaieo ?ioaineaiei noaiiaeaiiyi ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, ?aaeeeaeueiith
aeaiie?aoecaoe??th an?o noi??i iaoiai aeeooy. sse i?aaeei, an? aiie
i?enay/ai? iiooeai ??oaiiy aeooaeueieo i?iaeai: cei/eii?noue, ei?oioe?y,
ia?eiiai?y oa ?ioa. I?e anueiio ??ciiaeae? oaiaoeee ?o ia’?aeio?
iayai?noue “e?e/oueo” oaeo?a, aiae?oe/iee iiaeyae ia oa, ui
a?aeaoaa?oueny, a?aee?eo?noue aaoi?nueei? iiceoe??. C ?icaeoeii
oeea?e?ciaaieo oi?i aeaiie?ao??, iie?auaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ? ii?aeueiiai
noaio noni?euenoaa, noaa?e?caoe?? ie?iiai aeeooy oe?a?ioe?a i?iaeaiaoeea
aeo?iae?nonueeeo ?icne?aeoaaiue oa?eaea a ?ioa ?onei, cieeiooue c
aaainoeaie iie?oe/ia e?ea?noai oa “a?oaei? oaoiieia??” i?a?o.

Oaia??oi?e noai aeai?o aeicaiey? aeyaeoe iiceoeai? oaiaeaioe?? eiai
iiaeaeueoiai ?nioaaiiy. Aeey oeueiai aeioe?eueii caa?iooeny aei aiae?co
oaeno?a, ?o aeai?iai-noee?noe/ii? nai???aeiino?.

?ic?iaea oaie ? e?oa?aoo?ia ia?iaea aeo?iae?nonueeiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy
ia?aaeaa/athoue iae?e aeaio nooo?aeo iiiaio?a. Ii-ia?oa, ioae?oeeno
iieaco? aanue oeyo ? iaoai?ci i?iaaaeaiiai iei ?icne?aeoaaiiy, a ia
o?eueee iane?aeee, oei naiei caeo/ath/e /eoa/a a aeine?aeieoeueeee
i?ioean, aeiiaaath/enue eiai caoe?eaaeaii? ni?ao/ano?. ?aii?oa?
aeneiaeth? nai? a?aeiioaiiy aei eiioe?eoo ca aeiiiiiaith
cia?aaeaeueii-ae?aaeaeueieo cania?a ? e?oa?aoo?ieo i?eeii?a, aiioe?eii
ae?? ia /eoa/a, neooa/a, aeyaea/a.

*eoa/ iiaeiai iiaa/eoe ia’?i c?iaeaii? aeo?iae?noii ?iaioe, ioe?ieoe
iiaiioo ? aeinoia??i?noue c?a?aiiai iei oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, aaaii?noue
a?aoiaioaoe??, ni?aaaaeeea?noue aeniiaeo ? ia oe?e iniia? ae?iaeoe
aeanio iiceoe?th, yea, yeui ?aii?oa? oni?oii ae??oea iinoaaeai? caaea/?,
ni?aiaaea? c aeniiaeaie aaoi?a. Caaaeyee iai/iino? i?iaaaeaiiai
aeo?iae?noii ?icne?aeoaaiiy, i?ici?ino? iaoai?cio ae?yeueiino? aaoi?a,
i/aaeaeieie noaiiaeyoueny ye neeuei?, oae ? neaae? noi?iie ioae?eaoe??,
aeyaey?oueny ?? aoaeoeai?noue.

Ii-ae?oaa, i?iaeoioth/e eiiiiceoe?th aeo?iae?nonueeiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy,
aaoi? i?aaia aei ia?inoaiiy iai?oae ae??. Iienoth/e ? a?oioth/e oaeoe,
a?i iine?aeiaii ?ice?eaa? iia? aniaeoe oaie ? ca’yco? ?o a ?aeeiee
nthaeaoiee aocie, iaeneiaeueii caoe?eaaethth/e /eoa/a a eiai ?ica’ycoe?.
Oaeei /eiii, aeo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy ciaoiaeeoue aeaye? nthaeaoi?
iniaeeaino? aeaoaeoeaiiai aeai?o. I?ioa, yeui a aeaoaeoea?
oeaio?aeueiith o?ao?ith yaey?oueny iniaeno?noue ne?ae/iai, eiai cae/ee,
iaia?a iiaaae?iee (iai?eeeaae, Iaa?a, Eieiiai, Oaiaei?ei), oi a aeaiiio
aeiaaeeo aaoi? cina?aaeaeo? oaaao ia iiaiio? ? aeinoia??iino?
?icne?aeoaaiiy iaaaoeaiiai yaeua, uia i?eaa?iooe aei iueiai noni?eueio
oaaao ? aeiiiaoeny ia’?eoeaii? i?aaiai? ioe?iee.

Ca?aeii c aeaieie ?aae?inoaioe?? “Aoi Iineae” a?eueo?noue iieoaieo
oe??th noaioe??th ?aniiiaeaio?a aaaaea?, ui aeo?iae?nonuee?
?icne?aeoaaiiy i?eiinyoue i?aeoe/io ei?enoue noni?euenoao.
Aeni?an-iieooaaiiy, yea aoei i?iaaaeaii ii ?ioa?aeoeaiei oaeaoiiai,
iieacaei, ui 87 a?aenioe?a iieooaaieo aeio?eiothoueny aeaii? aeoiee, a
oie aea naiee /an 3 a?aenioee aaaaeathoue, ui aeo?iae?nonuee?
?icne?aeoaaiiy i?aeoe/ii? ei?eno? noni?euenoao ia i?eiinyoue.

Iaa?oue iii?e ci?ie aeaaee, a Oe?a?i? ?nio? caaaaaoi cae?eoeo cii aeey
noni?euenoaa. ?o o?aaa iino?eii a?aee?eaaoe, uia ia aeaoe cei/eioeyi
ae?yoe aacea?ii, uia aeieaoe aaiaai? yaeua, ye? ?niothoue a e?a?i?.

A Oe?a?i? ? ?aeeiee oaeaa?c?eiee i?iaeo aeo?iae?nonueeeo ?icne?aeoaaiue,
yeee nueiaiaei? iiaea iaceaaoeny ia?iaeiei. Oai?/ee eieaeoea 5-ai
eaiaeo, ia yeiio o?aineth?oueny i?iaeo Aieiaeeie?a A?’?aa “Zae?eoa ciia”
aea? ciiao nai?i aeyaea/ai i?ieoe an? aieueia? oi/ee — ?iciethueoe i/? ?
ae?ciaoeny i?aaaeo.

Ua iaeiei yne?aaei i?iaeoii 5-ai eaiaeo c aeo?iae?nonueeeo
?icne?aeoaaiue ? i?ia?aia Eaoa?eie O?e?iaiei “Iniaeeai iaaacia/ii”, yeo
aoei a?aecia/aii ia eiieo?n?, ui aoa i?iaaaeaiee a ?aieao O?aoueiai
ui??/iiai i?aeia?iaeiiai a?aee?eoiai oanoeaaeth ae?aiieo ienoaoeoa
“E?iioo?-2006” ye iaeio c iaee?aueo na?aae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeaia?aaea/ c
a?enueeiai? ? ie?ioai?/i? oaiaoeee oa aeieoiaioaeueii-ioae?oeenoe/ieo
i?ia?ai.

Iaai?iaeaeaiiy aeo?iae?noee “5 eaiaeo” a?aeaoeiny 29 aeiaoiy 2006 ?ieo a
i?no? AEeoiie?. Eiiaiooth/e oeth a?aeciaeo, Eaoa?eia O?e?iaiei
cacia/eea, ui aiia aeey ia? ? aaaeeeaith, ai i?iaeo “Iniaeeai
iaaacia/ii” a ao??? “5 eaiaeo” aaea ia? naith aeyaeaoeueeo aoaeeoi??th.

?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?eaiae?a aeey ?icne?aeoaaiiy ia a?aeo? a aeiaeiiio
noni?euenoa?: aaie?oonoai iiooaeieo o??i /e a?aeiieo aaie?a, aeiiii?/i?
cei/eie, ?aioiaee niaeao oe?i ia oie /e ?ioee oiaa?, ieoo?aa caaaa/aiiy
iaaiiai iie?oe/iiai ae?y/a, caaiaaaeiaaiiai a i?eaaoieo no?oeoo?ao,
ieoaiiy eia?cio /e ?ioeo ?ioa?an?a, ?ieue iaooe a *a/ainuee?e a?ei?…
Aeeaiee ia ia?oee iiaeyae oaeo, ia?aiee ca i?aaeiao ?icne?aeoaaiiy,
o?aaa aeiiiaithaaoe, ia?aa??yoe. O?aaa ciaeoe a?aeiia?ae? ia iniiai?
caieoaiiy, ye? aeieeathoue o i?ioean? ni?aae.

*e anyeee aeo?iae?no iiaea caeiaoeny ?icne?aeoaaiiyie? Aoaeue-yeee
aeo?iae?no iiaea caeiaoeny ?icne?aeoaaiiyi. Ia aeoieo Noeaa Aaeiaa?aa,
aaoi?a «Aeia?aeieea ?aii?oa?a», naii? iiioey?ii? na?aae aia?eeainueeeo
aeo?iae?no?a eieae ii aeo?iae?nonueeei ?icne?aeoaaiiyi, aeey oeueiai
iio??aia aeiieoeea?noue, aaaeaiiy ai?ioeny c iani?aaaaeeea?noth e
neaioeoeeci, ui non?aenoaothoue ?c oeei?ciii aai i?a?e?ciii.

Iniiaieie cia?yaeaeyie ?aii?oa?a ?:

· Ethaee ye aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??

· ??ciiai ?iaeo aeieoiaioe e oi?iiy i?aoethaaoe c ieie

· Oi?ei i?iaaaeaia ?ioa?a’th

· Aeniea ii?aeue ? ii/oooy nioe?aeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?

“Aeina?ae/aiee ?aii?oa?, ui oi?? ?icaiai?eoe iio??aio ethaeeio, oa?eoe
aei aeia??e oeo ioi/oth/eo, ia? oe?eaa? aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??, ia
aaaaea? ia?iith o?aoith /ano iiooe aaaeeeaeo aeieoiaio?a — inue
a?aei?iia “ne?iaeia” aeey iaeaooiueiai ?icne?aeoaa/a. Ana ?ioa,
iaiao?aeia aeey aeine?aeieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, i?eoiaeeoue c
i?aeoeeith”, — aaaaea? ?in?enueeee aeine?aeiee aeai?o THe?y Ooi.
“Ni?aaaei?e aeo?iae?no, yeee ?icoi??, ui eiai neiai, nthaeaoe oa
ia?aaea/? iiaeooue aieeaaoe ia iano??e o noni?euenoa?, oaeee aeo?iae?no
ia iiaea ? ia iiaeiai iia/aoe, yeui aa/eoue ia?aae niaith a?aeaa?oo
aeo??noue, c?aaeo, i?aee?noue aai a?oae… Nueiaiaei? a?aenoithaaoe ?
ae?aaeaoe iiae?aiee ?aeaae ni?aaaeiueiai AEo?iae?noa iaaaaaoi aaae/a,
i?ae o ia?o? ?iee ia?aaoaeiae. Oiae? ia caoeno ni?eue/aea anoaaaei ana
noni?euenoai, ?iaey/e c iueiai eoie?a oa “neiaiea aie?”.

I?aai?caoe?y aeo?iae?nonueeiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy — iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee
iaoiae, yeui iaiao?aeii i?eaa?iooe caaaeueio oaaao aei o??? /e ?ioi?
oaie, c?iaeoe oeth oaio iniiaiith “iia?noeith aeiy” aeey aeo?iae?no?a /e
aenia?o?a. Ei?aeoii i?iaaaeaia ?icne?aeoaaiiy aeicaiey? aecaaoe aaaeaiee
aeey aeine?aeieea ?aciiain a CI?, iai?aaeoe coneeey aeo?iae?no?a a
iaiao?aeia ?onei.

?aii?oa?e iiaeii? aeia?a ?iaeoe naith ni?aao. Iniaeeai aaaeeea?
aeo?aoi?noue ? caei?iaee aeocae, oiio ui ?aii?oaae? i?i ?icne?aeoaaiiy
ii?iaeaeothoue noi?ioeaiee?a, aioiaeo ca/aieoeny ca iaeiaioo oaeoe/io
iaoi/i?noue, uia aeene?aaeeooaaoe ana ?icne?aeoaaiiy. Aeiiouai? iiieeee
aeac?ioi?iothoue a?iiaaenuee?noue ? caaaeathoue oeiaee ?aiooaoe??
ethaeae, o ?acoeueoao? /iai aa?iooeny aei oe??? oaie iaaeae? aoaea ua
neeaaei?oa

Ca?ac aaaaoi ooi ?icoi?? i?ae aeo?iae?nonueeei ?icne?aeoaaiiyi
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie, iia’ycaii? ?c ceiaaeeaaiiyi aeaaeith ? ei?oioe??th.
Iaoa oaeiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy — ?icaieineoe i?eoiaai? ca’ycee i?ae aeaaeith
? i?aai?ciaaiith cei/eii?noth.

Aeineoue /anoi ?icne?aeoaaiiy “eieae?co?” yaeua iaoe?iiaeueiiai aai
i?aeia?iaeiiai ianooaao. Oea eiee, iai?eeeaae, noaei a?aeiii i?i
i?iaeaae ae?oae-ne??o c ?in?? ca ei?aeii, ciaeoeeny aeo?iae?noe, ye?
iinoaaeee nia? caieoaiiy, ui ae a?aeaoaa?oueny a Oe?a?i?? Oae iauiaeaaii
o i?no? Aeiiaoeueeo aoea ca?a?no?iaaia iiaa a?iiaaenueea i?aai?caoe?y,
ia’?aeioth/a i?ioan?eieo aeo?iae?no?a, — «Aaaionoai aeo?iae?nonueeeo
?icne?aeoaaiue» (Aaeo?). sse iia?aeiiea ea??aiee aaaionoaa Ieaenaiae?
I?uaiei, niaoeeo?eith ae?yeueiino? i?aai?caoe?? aoaea ca?? ?
iaia?iaeoaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, ui noino?oueny ??cieo noa? aeeooy
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?. I?e oeueiio aeoeaio ?iaeoeiaoueny ia iaeia?aeiieo
oaeoao, ye? c ??cieo i?e/ei ia aoee ?icaieioai?. Ia?oei e?ieii aaaionoaa
noaei noai?aiiy ?ioa?iao-naeoo «Aaeo?», yeee iiee ooieoe?iio? o?eueee a
oanoiaiio aa??aio?. Ca neiaaie I?uaiea, «noiii, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae
?ioeo i?no, Aeiiaoeuee ia iiaea iioaaeeoeny aaeeeith e?euee?noth
?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ioa?iao-?ano?n?a». «I?e oeueiio ia aa?oi aaaaeaoe ian
eiieo?aioaie aaea ?nioth/eo iiaeia?ieo naeo?a — ie ciaeoee naith i?oo»,
— a?aecia/ea I?uaiei. «Iaoa caaaeaiiy — ia no?eueee iia?aoeaii
iia?aeiieoe i?i iiae??, ne?eueee i?ine?aeeoaaoe ?o ?icaeoie, oeiaeoe
caeoe?ni? iiiaioe, c?iaeoe aiae?c». E??i oiai, I?uaiei iia?aeiiea, ui
iiaa i?aai?caoe?y ? iai?eaooeiaith. «Ie noai?thaaee ?? ye a?aeaeooeio
aeey aeo?iae?no?a, ioi/eo i?ioan?eii aeeiioaaoe nai? iaia’ycee, aea ia
iath/eo iiaeeeaino? oea ?iaeoe ?c-ca oeneo, i?ae yeei aiie
ciaoiaeyoueny». I?uaiei oaeiae a?aecia/ea, ui i?e aaaionoa? ae?yoeia
aaceiooiaia th?eaee/ia eiinoeueoaoe?y, a «th?enoe, ui ni?a?ia?oie/athoue
c Aaeo?ii aioia? caoeuaoe aeo?iae?no?a ? a noaeao».

Aaniethoii i?aaii??ii ?icaeyaeaoe ??ciiiai?ooy ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
aeo?iae?nonueeei ?icne?aeoaaiiyi c iiaeyaeo ae?aie /ano, a yeiio, ye
neacaa e?oa?aoo?iee e?eoee Aeaaeeia, “aaaaoi aea?aeaae ? iaei
ethaeyiino?”. A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo a?ae oioae?oa?iiai noni?euenoaa a
aeaiie?aoe/ia aeo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy, ye iaoiae ?iaioe c
iaoa??aeaie aino?i? i?iaeaiaoeee ia? eieinaeueia cia/aiiy, a oiio
aeiaaa? iaeieeuei?oiai aea/aiiy. “C aeaea?aea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? ian-iaae?a ia?aoai?eeeny ia caniae iioe?aiiy /ooie ?
an?eyeiai eiii?iiaoo, ui ia ia? i?/iai ni?eueiiai c aeo?iae?nonueeith
?iaioith”.

Ia?aoai?aiiy, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?, aeeeeeaee
no??ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?th CI?, yea aeeth/a? ci?io ? ?aeaieia??, ?
i?eioeei?a iiaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??. Ea?aeeiaeueii ci?ieeeny a?aeiineie CI? ?
noni?euenoaa. Aeniea i??a naiaiaee, caoenoo i?aa i?ane ia ?ioi?iaoe?th,
aeneiaethaaiiy ??cieo aeoiie aacoiiaii eaea ia ei?enoue ? noni?euenoao,
? nai?e i?an?. I?ioa, i?ieoiaoe oeyo ci?i o iaeei?iooee no?ie, ie
oaeoe/ii iieieeeny ia?aae aaeeeei eieii i?iaeai. “Caniae ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?aeoe/ii ao?aoeee ?ieue iina?aaeieea i?ae noni?euenoaii ?
aeaaeith, ?ieue eaoae?caoi?a noni?eueieo ci?i, cia/ii neaaoaea ?o
iiaeeea?noue neoaeeoe caniaii ae?aeiao noni?eueieo a?oi. Noni?euenoai
noaei ia??aeei ni?eeiaoe CI? ye i?iaeiaaeaiiy iie?oeee «a?oaeieie
caniaaie» eiii?iiaoo, ?ino?oiaio caaaeaiiy ?aooie?a a ai?iouea? i?ae
neeueieie na?oo oeueiai, yeei iaia? ni?aae aei iianyeaeaiieo iio?aa ?
oo?aio /eoa/?a. O ian-iaae?a noi?ioaaeany aoiinoa?a, ui iiai?noth
a?aeia?aaea? ia noni?euei?, a i?eaaoi? ?ioa?ane, a?ae??aai? a?ae
?aaeueiiai naiiii/oooy, iano?i?a, ia?aaaa a?eueo?e /anoei? ianaeaiiy
e?a?ie».

Inoaii? aeaa ?iee iniaeeai aianee cia/i? ei?aeoeae aei iiaaae?iee CI? ia
?ioi?iaoe?eiiio ?eieo, ine?eueee o a?eueoino? CI? c’yaeeeny ainiiaea??,
a ?acii c ieie o?iainia? aeioaoe?? a iai?i ia oi?ioaaiiy aea?aei?oiai
aeey ieo (ainiiaea??a) noni?eueiiai ee?iaoo. *anoi aeo?iae?nonuee?
iaoa??aee i?aei?iythoueny ?R-iaoa??aeaie.

Iaaecae/aeii iaaacia/ia iiaeeea?noue oiai, ui CI? iiaeooue noaoe
iaeiinoi?iii?ie iie?oe/ieie /e ?aeaieia?/ieie ?oii?aie ?o ainiiaea??a
aai ia?aoai?youeny a oae?e aea yeino?, aea o?eueee a «i?eaooeia?
i?aei?e?inoaa». ?aaeaeoi? ?in?enueeiai aeo?iaeo «N?aaea» Ieaen?e Iaie?i
eiinoaoo?: «Ioaea, c yeiai aieo ia iiaeeaeny, i?/iai iai?eionoeiiai c
iaoith i?anith ia a?aeaoaa?oueny. Ca aeiyoeii eiai aeanii? ?aaeoe?? ia
ianoaiiy ?eieo. I?eaaoecaoe?y CI? iaei /ei a?ae??ciyeany a?ae aaaaoi
?ac?a caoaa?iaaii? «aee?aeoi?nueei?» aai «/a?aiii?» i?eaaoecaoe??.
Iaieio/ei ne?aenoaii oaeiai oeio i?eaaoecaoe?? ? eia?ci, iie?oe/ia
eiiiainaoe?y aeiiii?/ii? iaaoaeoeaiino?. Iacaeaaei?noue i?ane
aeinyaa?oueny a?aiioieie aeiiii?/ieie ??oaiiyie, a oaeiae ocaiaeaeaieie
ae?yie naieo aeo?iae?nonueeeo ni?aoiaa?enoa». Ii noo?, i? oiai, i?
?ioiai o ian iaia?.

Neooaoe?y caaino?th?oueny iie?oe/ieie ? aeiiii?/ieie oiiaaie ?, ye oea
ia ia?aceeai cao/eoue, a?aenooiii a?ae aoe/ieo ii?i ? i?eioeei?a ?yaeo
a?aeiieo eieaa c iaeiiai aieo, a oaeiae c ?ioiai aieo iaaeinoaoi?i
i?ioan?iiae?ciii a?eueoino? aeo?iae?no?a o noa?? aeo?iae?nonueeiai
?icne?aeoaaiiy. «Ui a?aeaoaa?oueny nueiaiaei? c aeo?iae?noeeith — oea ye
ae iaaaoeaia a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy oiai, ui aoei c iaie ia ci?? ia?aaoaeiae ?
aeaniino?. Oiae?, i?e ia?o?e aea iaaiae? aaaaoi aacei?eneeai ?, caaaeii,
c iaaaci?aenoaaiei a?ae/oooyi ?eceeo aeey naaa eeioeeny ?icniaoaaoe
iaae? iiaeeeaiai. Neacaoe, caeaaaeiny, iaiao?aeii aoei no?eueee anueiai,
a /ano a?aeaaaeaii aoei, caeaaaeiny, oae iaei, ui ie ? eeioeeny
aeneiaethaaoeny ii an?i ? on?eyeei i?eaiaeai, a i?ioean?
aeai?ioan?iiae?coth/enue ? caaoaath/e oa, ui ae?enii ciaee ? oi?ee.
Nueiaiaei? c oaeei aea caiaeii “?iaeyoue” a?io?, a oae?e aea eeoiiaioe?
? c oi/ii oaeei aea ?acoeueoaoii — aeai?ioan?iiae?caoe??th. Aaaeeeai
anoeaiooe c??aaoe. Aeia?a a?aei?aoethaaoe iaa?oue oi?io? a?io? — aaea
iaio aaaeeeai, iiaoi?ii. Caiiaiee?a iei? aaaaoi — iaeiiai ia oaeaaeeo,
?ioee ianoeaia. Oi?iiy i?iaeaaaoeny — inue ui nueiaiaei? noaei
aeiaeanoth, /ei ai?aeyoueny, a?aaothoue, ui caaaeaia a ?aia i?ioan?eieo
aeinoi?inoa ?, ii noo?, ? ae?th/ei eiaeaenii aeo?iae?nonueei? aoeee».

Caaaeueiina?oia? noaiaea?oe aeo?iae?nonueei? ae?yeueiino? aeeth/athoue
oae? i?eioeeie, ye: a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, oi/i?noue, ia’?eoeai?noue.
I?ioiaeaeaiiy oeei i?eioeeiai icia/a?; i?aaiooe aei iaoia?aaeaeaiiai
ina?oeaiiy iiae?e ? oaa?aciai i?aeoiaeo a noia?a/eeaeo i?iaeaiao,
aeio?eioaaoe aoe/i? ii?ie. Caaaeaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue a?aeiieo
i?ioan?eieo eiaeaen?a aeo?iae?nonueei? aoeee neeaee a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
?inoeooo? i?ane: «Caaaeueia aiaeyoe?y aei a?ae/oooy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
aeo?iae?no?a i?e aeeiiaii? nai?o i?ioan?eieo iaia’yce?a ia neoaea?
a?iiaaenueeino?. Caoaa?aeaeaiiy aioo??oiuei? ? ciai?oiuei? iacaeaaeiino?
aeo?iae?noa. Iioaia aei i?aaaee. Ei?aeoi?noue i?e io?eiaii? ?
a?aeoai?aii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Iaia’yceiaa aei?aaeaiiy aeiiouaieo iiieeie.
No?eiai?noue i?e ina?oeaii? noaeiaeo ni?aa, ui ?icne?aeothoueny ?
iacaaa?oaieo. Ianoi?ni?noue aeo?iae?nonueei? i?ioan?? c ooaaeaiiyi
iiaea?oie?a ? aeei?enoaiiyi i?euea ca ioae?eaoe?th (aai a?aeiiaa a?ae
ioae?eaoe??) aeo?iae?nonueeiai iaoa??aeo. Ianoi?ni?noue aeo?iae?nonueei?
?ioi?iaoe?? c i?eoiaaiith ?aeeaiith».

Caaa?oeoue oeae ?icae?e ei?ioea ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i aeo?iae?nonuee?
?icne?aeoaaiiy, ui iathoue ?io? aeanoeaino? i?ae o? ?icne?aeoaaiiy, i?i
ye? iiaa eoea aeua. A noaoo? i?i aeo?iae?nonueea ?icne?aeoaaiiy Oinoae
I.?. iii?/a?: “Aaaaoi ethaeae ooioiaeith? ?icne?aeoaaiiy c aee?eooyi.
Ae?enii, iae/ano?oa a oaeeo iaoa??aeao iiaa eaea i?i ni?aae iai?enoiei?,
i?i ye? “caoe?eaaeai? iniae” aaaaeaee ca e?aua a ciia/aoe. O no/ani?e
na?oia?e aeo?iae?noeoe?, i?ioa, ?icne?aeoaaiiy iia’ycai? ia o?eueee c
neaiaeaeaie ? aee?eooyie”. AEo?iae?nonuee? ?icne?aeoaaiiy, i?iaaaeai?
aac yei?-iaaoaeue iie?oe/ii? eii’thieoo?e ? caa?iai? aei cae/aeieo
ethaenueeeo ii/ooo?a, aeeeeeathoueAaaaoi ethaeae ooioiaeith?
?icne?aeoaaiiy c aee?eooyi. Ae?enii, iae/ano?oa a oaeeo iaoa??aeao iiaa
eaea i?i ni?aae iai?enoiei?, i?i ye? “caoe?eaaeai? iniae” aaaaeaee ca
e?aua a iia/aoe. O no/ani?e na?oia?e aeo?iae?noeoe?, i?ioa,
?icne?aeoaaiiy iia’ycai? ia o?eueee c neaiaeaeaie ? aee?eooyie
iai?ae?iaiee ?ioa?an /eoa/?a. AEo?iae?nonuee? ?icne?aeoaaiiy iiae?aiiai
?iaeo iia’ycai? c i?inoi a?aee?eooyi oaeo?a, aea a aoaeoeaiino?
aiioe?eiiai aieeao ia /eoaoeueeo aoaeeoi??th i? o?ioe ia i?ia?athoue.

A neeo i?e/ei iie?oe/iiai oa?aeoa?o ?yae oe?eaaeo aeey /eoa/a oai ia
aeiaaee /aniaee ia??iae aeyaeany a “ii/ani?e o?i?”. C ii/aoeii
ia?aaoaeiae oe? oaie noaee i?aaeiaoii na?eicieo aeo?iae?nonueeeo
?icne?aeoaaiue. Oa?iieoe? OO noie?ooy /eieee ? i?iaeiaaeothoue /eieoe
aieea ia ?icoi ? ii/oooy ethaeae. Aoaeoia iiaeaiiy iiae?aieo iaoa??ae?a
a CI? o?eueee caoaeaeo? /eoaoeueeo oe?eaa?noue aei aeeooy cae/aeii?
ethaeeie a iacae/ieo ianoaaeiao, aei c’ynoaaiiy i?e?iaee ioaeiino?,
yeinoae oa?aeoa?o, nenoaie aeeoo?aeo oe?iiinoae, a nai???aeiei
aei??thaa/ai nooiai? aeooaeueiino? aenooia? noni?eueia aeoiea, ui
oi?io?oueny ii ne?aeai aacaoieo aenooi?a ? ae?aaeaia a /eoaoeueeeo
a?aeaoeao.

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